ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT NOTIFICATION; Congressional Record Vol. 165, No. 181
(Senate - November 13, 2019)

Text available as:

Formatting necessary for an accurate reading of this text may be shown by tags (e.g., <DELETED> or <BOLD>) or may be missing from this TXT display. For complete and accurate display of this text, see the PDF.


[Pages S6546-S6549]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




                  ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT NOTIFICATION

  Mr. RISCH. Mr. President, in keeping with the committee's intention 
to see that relevant information is available to the full Senate, I ask 
unanimous consent to have printed in the Record at this point the 
notifications which have been received.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                            United States Department of State,

                                                   Washington, DC.
     Hon. James E. Risch, Chairman,
     Committee on Foreign Relations,
     U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Pursuant to Section 38(f)(1) of the Arms 
     Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(f)(1)), the Department is 
     transmitting herewith notification of the intention to 
     transfer jurisdictional control of certain classes of item 
     currently on the United States Munitions List (USML) to the 
     Commerce Control List (CCL).
       Attached for your reference are the following documents: a 
     summary of the revisions to the USML; the final regulatory 
     text of Categories I, II and III; line-in/line-out comparison 
     of the current and revised USML Categories I, II and III; the 
     Department of Commerce's revised companion regulatory text; 
     and a summary of the controls for major defense equipment.
           Sincerely,
                                            Mary Elizabeth Taylor,
               Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Legislative Affairs.
       Enclosures.
     Billing Code 4710-25
     DEPARTMENT OF STATE
     22 CFR Parts 121, 123, 124, 126, and 129
     [Public Notice 10603]
     RIN 1400-AE30
     International Traffic in Arms Regulations: U.S. Munitions 
         List
     Categories I, II, and III
     AGENCY: Department of State.
     ACTION: Final rule.
     Sec. 121.1 The United States Munitions List.
     *  *  *  *  *
     Category I--Firearms and Related Articles
       * (a) Firearms using caseless ammunition.
       * (b) Fully automatic firearms to .50 caliber (12.7 mm) 
     inclusive.
       * (c) Firearms specially designed to integrate fire 
     control, automatic tracking, or automatic firing (e.g., 
     Precision Guided Firearms).
       Note to paragraph (c): Integration does not include only 
     attaching to the firearm or rail.
       * (d) Fully automatic shotguns regardless of gauge.
       * (e) Silencers, mufflers, and sound suppressors.
       (f) [Reserved]
       (g) Barrels, receivers (frames), bolts, bolt carriers, 
     slides, or sears specially designed for the articles in 
     paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) of this category.
       (h) Parts, components, accessories, and attachments, as 
     follows:
       (1) Drum and other magazines for firearms to .50 caliber 
     (12.7 mm) inclusive with a capacity greater than 50 rounds, 
     regardless of jurisdiction of the firearm, and specially 
     designed parts and components therefor;
       (2) Parts and components specially designed for conversion 
     of a semiautomatic firearm to a fully automatic firearm;
       (3) Parts and components specially designed for defense 
     articles described in paragraphs (c) and (e); or
       (4) Accessories or attachments specially designed to 
     automatically stabilize aim (other than gun rests) or for 
     automatic targeting, and specially designed parts and 
     components therefor.
       (i) Technical data (see Sec. 120.10 of this subchapter) and 
     defense services (see Sec. 120.9 of this subchapter) directly 
     related to the defense articles described in this category 
     and classified technical data directly related to items 
     controlled in ECCNs 0A501, 0B501, 0D501, and 0E501 and 
     defense services using the classified technical data. (See 
     Sec. 125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.)
       (j)-(w) [Reserved]
       (x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the 
     EAR (see Sec. 120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with 
     defense articles.
       Note to paragraph (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to 
     license applications for defense articles where the purchase 
     documentation includes commodities, software, or technology 
     subject to the EAR (see Sec. 123.1(b) of this subchapter).
       Note to Category I: The following interpretations explain 
     and amplify the terms used in this category:
       (1) A firearm is a weapon not over .50 caliber (12.7 mm) 
     which is designed to expel a projectile by the deflagration 
     of propellant;
       (2) A fully automatic firearm or shotgun is any firearm or 
     shotgun that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can readily be 
     restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without 
     manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger; and
       (3) Caseless ammunition is firearm ammunition without a 
     cartridge case that holds the primer, propellant, and 
     projectile together as a unit.
     Category II--Guns and Armament
       (a) Guns and armament greater than .50 caliber (12.7 mm), 
     as follows:
       * (1) Guns, howitzers, artillery, and cannons;
       * (2) Mortars;
       * (3) Recoilless rifles;
       * (4) Grenade launchers; or
       (5) Developmental guns and armament greater than .50 
     caliber (12.7 mm) funded by the Department of Defense and 
     specially designed parts and components therefor.
       Note 1 to paragraph (a)(5): This paragraph does not control 
     guns and armament greater than .50 caliber (12.7 mm); (a) in 
     production; (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a 
     commodity jurisdiction determination (see Sec. 120.4 of this 
     subchapter); or (c) identified in the relevant Department of 
     Defense contract or other funding authorization as being 
     developed for both civil and military applications.
       Note 2 to paragraph (a)(5): Note 1 does not apply to 
     defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, 
     whether in production or development.
       Note 3 to paragraph (a)(5): This provision is applicable to 
     those contracts or other funding authorizations that are 
     dated [INSERT DATE ONE YEAR AFTER PUBLICATION IN THE FEDERAL 
     REGISTER], or later.
       Note 1 to paragraph (a): This paragraph does not include: 
     Non-automatic and non-semi-automatic rifles, carbines, and 
     pistols between .50 (12.7 mm) and .72 caliber (18.288 mm) 
     that are controlled on the CCL under ECCN 0A501; shotguns 
     controlled on the CCL under ECCN 0A502; black powder guns and 
     armaments manufactured between 1890 and 1919 controlled on 
     the CCL under ECCN 0A602; or black powder guns and armaments 
     manufactured earlier than 1890.
       Note 2 to paragraph (a): Guns and armament when integrated 
     into their carrier (e.g., surface vessels, ground vehicles, 
     or aircraft) are controlled in the category associated with 
     the carrier. Self-propelled guns and armament are controlled 
     in USML Category VII.

[[Page S6547]]

     Towed guns and armament and stand-alone guns and armament are 
     controlled under this category.
       (b) Flamethrowers with an effective range greater than or 
     equal to 20 meters.
       (c) [Reserved]
       * (d) Kinetic energy weapon systems specially designed for 
     destruction or rendering mission-abort of a target.
       Note to paragraph (d): Kinetic energy weapons systems 
     include but are not limited to launch systems and subsystems 
     capable of accelerating masses larger than 0.1g to velocities 
     in excess of 1.6 km/s, in single or rapid fire modes, using 
     methods such as: Electromagnetic, electrothermal, plasma, 
     light gas, or chemical. This does not include launch systems 
     and subsystems used for research and testing facilities 
     subject to the EAR, which are controlled on the CCL under 
     ECCN 2B232.
       (e) Signature reduction devices specially designed for the 
     guns and armament controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) 
     of this category (e.g., muzzle flash suppression devices).
       (f)-(i) [Reserved]
       (j) Parts, components, accessories, and attachments, as 
     follows:
       (1) Gun barrels, rails, tubes, and receivers specially 
     designed for the weapons controlled in paragraphs (a) and (d) 
     of this category;
       (2) Sights specially designed to orient indirect fire 
     weapons;
       (3) Breech blocks for the weapons controlled in paragraphs 
     (a) and (d) of this category;
       (4) Firing mechanisms for the weapons controlled in 
     paragraphs (a) and (d) of this category and specially 
     designed parts and components therefor;
       (5) Systems for firing superposed or stacked ammunition and 
     specially designed parts and components therefor;
       (6) Servo-electronic and hydraulic elevation adjustment 
     mechanisms;
       (7) Muzzle brakes;
       (8) Bore evacuators;
       (9) Independent ammunition handling systems for the guns 
     and armament controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), and (d) of 
     this category;
       (10) Components for independently powered ammunition 
     handling systems and platform interface, as follows:
       (i) Mounts;
       (ii) Carriages;
       (iii) Gun pallets;
       (iv) Hydro-pneumatic equilibration cylinders; or
       (v) Hydro-pneumatic systems capable of scavenging recoil 
     energy to power howitzer functions;
       Note to paragraph j(10): For weapons mounts specially 
     designed for surface vessels and special naval equipment, see 
     Category VI. For weapons mounts specially designed for ground 
     vehicles, see Category VII.
       (11) Ammunition containers/drums, ammunition chutes, 
     ammunition conveyor elements, ammunition feeder systems, and 
     ammunition container/drum entrance and exit units, specially 
     designed for the guns and armament controlled in paragraphs 
     (a), (b), and (d) of this category;
       (12) Systems and equipment for the guns and armament 
     controlled in paragraphs (a) and (d) of this category for use 
     in programming ammunition, and specially designed parts and 
     components therefor;
       (13) Aircraft/gun interface units to support gun systems 
     with a designed rate of fire greater than 100 rounds per 
     minute and specially designed parts and components therefor;
       (14) Recoil systems specially designed to mitigate the 
     shock associated with the firing process of guns integrated 
     into air platforms and specially designed parts and 
     components therefor;
       (15) Prime power generation, energy storage, thermal 
     management, conditioning, switching, and fuel-handling 
     equipment, and the electrical interfaces between the gun 
     power supply and other turret electric drive components 
     specially designed for kinetic weapons controlled in 
     paragraph (d) of this category;
       (16) Kinetic energy weapon target acquisition, tracking 
     fire control, and damage assessment systems and specially 
     designed parts and components therefor; or
       * (17) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, 
     equipment, or system that:
       (i) Is classified;
       (ii) Contains classified software; or
       (iii) Is being developed using classified information.
       ``Classified'' means classified pursuant to Executive Order 
     13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification 
     guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the 
     corresponding classification rules of another government or 
     intergovernmental organization.
       (k) Technical data (see Sec. 120.10 of this subchapter) and 
     defense services (see Sec. 120.9 of this subchapter) directly 
     related to the defense articles described in paragraphs (a), 
     (b), (d), (e), and (j) of this category and classified 
     technical data directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 
     0A602, 0B602, 0D602, and 0E602 and defense services using the 
     classified technical data. (See Sec. 125.4 of this subchapter 
     for exemptions.)
       (1)-(w) [Reserved]
       (x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the 
     EAR (see Sec. 120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with 
     defense articles.
       Note to paragraph (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to 
     license applications for defense articles where the purchase 
     documentation includes commodities, software, or technology 
     subject to the EAR (see Sec. 123.1(b) of this subchapter).
     Category III--Ammunition and Ordnance
       (a) Ammunition, as follows:
       *(1) Ammunition that incorporates a projectile controlled 
     in paragraph (d)(1) or (3) of this category;
       *(2) Ammunition preassembled into links or belts;
       *(3) Shotgun ammunition that incorporates a projectile 
     controlled in paragraph (d)(2) of this category;
       *(4) Caseless ammunition manufactured with smokeless 
     powder;
       Note to paragraph (a)(4): Caseless ammunition is ammunition 
     without a cartridge case that holds the primer, propellant, 
     and projectile together as a unit.
       *(5) Ammunition, except shotgun ammunition, based on non-
     metallic cases, or non-metallic cases that have only a 
     metallic base, which result in a total cartridge mass 80% or 
     less than the mass of a brass- or steel-cased cartridge that 
     provides comparable ballistic performance;
       *(6) Ammunition employing pyrotechnic material in the 
     projectile base or any ammunition employing a projectile that 
     incorporates tracer materials of any type having peak 
     radiance above 710 nm and designed to be observed primarily 
     with night vision optical systems;
       *(7) Ammunition for fully automatic firearms that fire 
     superposed or stacked projectiles or for guns that fire 
     superposed or stacked projectiles;
       *(8) Electromagnetic armament projectiles or billets for 
     weapons with a design muzzle energy exceeding 5 MJ;
       *(9) Ammunition, not specified above, for the guns and 
     armaments controlled in Category II; or
       (10) Developmental ammunition funded by the Department of 
     Defense and specially designed parts and components therefor.
       Note 1 to paragraph (a)(10): This paragraph does not 
     control ammunition: (a) in production; (b) determined to be 
     subject to the EAR via a commodity jurisdiction determination 
     (see Sec. 120.4 of this subchapter); or (c) identified in the 
     relevant Department of Defense contract or other funding 
     authorization as being developed for both civil and military 
     applications.
       Note 2 to paragraph (a)(10): Note 1 does not apply to 
     defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, 
     whether in production or development.
       Note 3 to paragraph (a)(10): This provision is applicable 
     to those contracts or other funding authorizations that are 
     dated [INSERT DATE ONE YEAR AFTER PUBLICATION IN THE FEDERAL 
     REGISTER], or later.
       (b) Ammunition/ordnance handling equipment specially 
     designed for the articles controlled in this category, as 
     follows:
       (1) Belting, linking, and de-linking equipment; or
       (2) Fuze setting devices.
       (c) [Reserved]
       (d) Parts and components for the articles in this category, 
     as follows:
       (1) Projectiles that use pyrotechnic tracer materials that 
     incorporate any material having peak radiance above 710 nm or 
     are incendiary or explosive;
       (2) Shotgun projectiles that are flechettes, incendiary, 
     tracer, or explosive;
       Note to paragraph (d)(2): This paragraph does not include 
     explosive projectiles specially designed to produce noise for 
     scaring birds or other pests (e.g., bird bombs, whistlers, 
     crackers).
       (3) Projectiles of any caliber produced from depleted 
     uranium;
       (4) Projectiles not specified above, guided or unguided, 
     for the items controlled in USML Category II, and specially 
     designed parts and components therefor (e.g., fuzes, rotating 
     bands, cases, liners, fins, boosters);
       (5) Canisters or sub-munitions (e.g., bomblets or 
     minelets), and specially designed parts and components 
     therefor, for the guns or armament controlled in USML 
     Category II;
       (6) Projectiles that employ tips (e.g., M855A1 Enhanced 
     Performance Round (EPR)) or cores regardless of caliber, 
     produced from one or a combination of the following: 
     tungsten, steel, or beryllium copper alloy;
       (7) Cartridge cases, powder bags, or combustible cases 
     specially designed for the items controlled in USML Category 
     II;
       (8) Non-metallic cases, including cases that have only a 
     metallic base, for the ammunition controlled in paragraph 
     (a)(5) of this category;
       (9) Cartridge links and belts for fully automatic firearms 
     and guns controlled in USML Categories I or II;
       (10) Primers other than Boxer, Berdan, or shotshell types;
       Note to paragraph (d)(10): This paragraph does not control 
     caps or primers of any type in use prior to 1890.
       (11) Safing, arming, and fuzing components (to include 
     target detection and proximity sensing devices) for the 
     ammunition in this category and specially designed parts 
     therefor;
       (12) Guidance and control components for the ammunition in 
     this category and specially designed parts therefor;
       (13) Terminal seeker assemblies for the ammunition in this 
     category and specially designed parts and components 
     therefor;
       (14) Illuminating flares or target practice projectiles for 
     the ammunition controlled in paragraph (a)(9) of this 
     category; or

[[Page S6548]]

       * (15) Any part, component, accessory, attachment, 
     equipment, or system that:
       (i) Is classified;
       (ii) Contains classified software; or
       (iii) Is being developed using classified information.
       ``Classified'' means classified pursuant to Executive Order 
     13526, or predecessor order, and a security classification 
     guide developed pursuant thereto or equivalent, or to the 
     corresponding classification rules of another government or 
     intergovernmental organization.
       (e) Technical data (see Sec. 120.10 of this subchapter) and 
     defense services (see Sec. 120.9 of this subchapter) directly 
     related to the defense articles enumerated in paragraphs (a), 
     (b), and (d) of this category and classified technical data 
     directly related to items controlled in ECCNs 0A505, 0B505, 
     0D505, and 0E505 and defense services using the classified 
     technical data. (See Sec. 125.4 of this subchapter for 
     exemptions.)
       (f)-(w) [Reserved]
       (x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the 
     EAR (see Sec. 120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with 
     defense articles.
       Note to paragraph (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to 
     license applications for defense articles where the purchase 
     documentation includes commodities, software, or technology 
     subject to the EAR (see Sec. 123.1(b) of this subchapter).
       Note 1 to Category III: This category does not control 
     ammunition crimped without a projectile (blank star) and 
     dummy ammunition with a pierced powder chamber.
       Note 2 to Category III: This category does not control 
     cartridge and shell casings that, prior to export, have been 
     rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration for 
     use as a cartridge or shell casing by means of heating, flame 
     treatment, mangling, crushing, cutting, or popping.
       Note 3 to Category III: Grenades containing non-lethal or 
     less lethal projectiles are under the jurisdiction of the 
     Department of Commerce.
     Billing Code 4710-25
     DEPARTMENT OF STATE
     22 CFR Parts 121, 123, 124, 126, and 129
     [Public Notice 10603]
     RIN 1400-AE30
     International Traffic in Arms Regulations: U.S. Munitions 
         List
     Categories I, II, and III
     AGENCY: Department of State.
     ACTION: Final rule.
     Sec. 121.1 The United States Munitions List.
     *  *  *  *  *
     Category I--Firearms and Related Articles[, Close Assault 
         Weapons and Combat Shotguns]
       * (a) Firearms using caseless ammunition [Nonautomatic and 
     semi-automatic firearms to caliber .50 inclusive (12.7 mm).]
       * (b) Fully automatic firearms to .50 caliber [inclusive] 
     (12.7 mm) inclusive.
       * (c) Firearms specially designed to integrate fire 
     control, automatic tracking, or automatic firing (e.g., 
     Precision Guided Firearms) [or other weapons (e.g. insurgency 
     counterinsurgency, close assault weapons systems) having a 
     special military application regardless of caliber].
       Note to paragraph (c): Integration does not include only 
     attaching to the firearm or rail.
       * (d) Fully automatic shotguns regardless of gauge.
       [Combat shotguns. This includes any shotgun with a barrel 
     length less than 18 inches.]
       * (e) Silencers, mufflers, and sound [and flash] 
     suppressors [for the articles in (a) through (d) of this 
     category and their specifically designed, modified or adapted 
     components and parts.]
       (f) [Reserved]
       [Riflescopes manufactured to military specifications (See 
     category XII(c) for controls on night sighting devices.)]
       * (g) Barrels, [cylinders,] receivers (frames), bolts, bolt 
     carriers, slides, or sears [or complete breech mechanisms] 
     specially designed for the articles in paragraphs (a), (b), 
     and [through] (d) of this category.
       (h) [Components, p] Parts, components, accessories, and 
     attachments[ ], as follows:
       [for the articles in paragraphs (a) through (g) of this 
     category.]
       (1) Drum and other magazines for firearms to .50 caliber 
     (12.7 mm) inclusive with a capacity greater than 50 rounds, 
     regardless of jurisdiction of the firearm, and specially 
     designed parts and components therefor;
       (2) Parts and components specially designed for conversion 
     of a semiautomatic firearm to a fully automatic firearm;
       (3) Parts and components specially designed for defense 
     articles described in paragraphs (c) and (e); or
       (4) Accessories or attachments specially designed to 
     automatically stabilize aim (other than gun rests) or for 
     automatic targeting, and specially designed parts and 
     components therefor.
       (i) Technical data ([as defined in] see Sec. 120.10 of this 
     subchapter) and defense services [as defined in] (see 
     Sec. 120.9 of this subchapter) directly related to the 
     defense articles described in [paragraphs (a) through (h) of] 
     this category and classified technical data directly related 
     to items controlled in ECCNs 0A501, 0B501, 0D501, and 0E501 
     and defense services using the classified technical data. 
     (See Sec. 125.4 of this subchapter for exemptions.)
       [Technical data directly related to the manufacture or 
     production of any defense articles described elsewhere in 
     this category that are designated as Significant Military 
     Equipment (SME) shall itself be designated SME.]
       (j)--(w) [Reserved] [The following interpretations explain 
     and amplify the terms used in this category and throughout 
     this subchapter:
       [(1) A firearm is a weapon not over .50 caliber (12.7 mm) 
     which is designed to expel a projectile by the action of an 
     explosive or which may be readily converted to do so.
       [(2) A rifle is a shoulder firearm which can discharge a 
     bullet through a rifled barrel 16 inches or longer.
       [(3) A carbine is a lightweight shoulder firearm with a 
     barrel under 16 inches in length.
       [(4) A pistol is a hand operated firearm having a chamber 
     integral with or permanently aligned with the bore.
       [(5) A revolver is a hand operated firearm with a revolving 
     cylinder containing chambers for individual cartridges.
       [(6) A submachine gun, ``machine pistol'' or ``machine 
     gun'' is a firearm originally designed to fire, or capable of 
     being fired, fully automatically by a single pull of the 
     trigger.]
       (x) Commodities, software, and technology subject to the 
     EAR (see
       Sec. 120.42 of this subchapter) used in or with defense 
     articles.
       Note to paragraph (x): Use of this paragraph is limited to 
     license applications for defense articles where the purchase 
     documentation includes commodities, software, or technology 
     subject to the EAR (see Sec. 123.1(b) of this subchapter).
       Note to Category I: The following interpretations explain 
     and amplify the terms used in this category:
       (1) A firearm is a weapon not over .50 caliber (12.7 mm) 
     which is designed to expel a projectile by the deflagration 
     of propellant;
       (2) A fully automatic firearm or shotgun is any firearm or 
     shotgun that shoots, is designed to shoot, or can readily be 
     restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without 
     manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger; and
       (3) Caseless ammunition is firearm ammunition without a 
     cartridge case that holds the primer, propellant, and 
     projectile together as a unit.
       [This coverage by the U.S. Munitions List in paragraphs (a) 
     through (i) of this category excludes any non-combat shotgun 
     with a barrel length of 18 inches or longer, BB, pellet, and 
     muzzle loading (black powder) firearms. This category does 
     not cover riflescopes and sighting devices that are not 
     manufactured to military specifications. It also excludes 
     accessories and attachments (e.g., belts, slings, after 
     market rubber grips, cleaning kits) for firearms that do not 
     enhance the usefulness, effectiveness, or capabilities of the 
     firearm, components and parts. The Department of Commerce 
     regulates the export of such items. See the Export 
     Administration Regulations (15 CFR parts 730-799). In 
     addition, license exemptions for the items in this category 
     are available in various parts of this subchapter (e.g., 
     Sec. Sec. 123.17, 123.18 and 125.4).]
     Category II--Guns and Armament
       * (a) Guns and armament greater than [over] caliber .50 
     ([i.e.,] (12.7 mm), as follows:
       * (1) Guns, howitzers, artillery, and cannons;
       * (2) Mortars;
       * (3) Recoilless rifles;
       * (4) Grenade launchers; or [whether towed, airborne, self-
     propelled, or fixed, including but not limited to, howitzers, 
     mortars, cannons, recoilless rifles, and grenade launchers]
       (5) Developmental guns and armament greater than .50 
     caliber (12.7 mm) funded by the Department of Defense and 
     specially designed parts and components therefor.
       Note 1 to paragraph (a)(5): This paragraph does not control 
     guns and armament greater than .50 caliber (12.7 mm); (a) in 
     production; (b) determined to be subject to the EAR via a 
     commodity jurisdiction determination (see Sec. 120.4 of this 
     subchapter); or (c) identified in the relevant Department of 
     Defense contract or other funding authorization as being 
     developed for both civil and military applications.
       Note 2 to paragraph (a)(5): Note 1 does not apply to 
     defense articles enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List, 
     whether in production or development.
       Note 3 to paragraph (a)(5): This provision is applicable to 
     those contracts or other funding authorizations that are 
     dated [INSERT DATE ONE YEAR AFTER PUBLICATION IN THE FEDERAL 
     REGISTER], or later.
       Note 1 to paragraph (a): This paragraph does not include: 
     Non-automatic and non-semi-automatic rifles, carbines, and 
     pistols between .50 (12.7 mm) and .72 caliber (18.288 mm) 
     that are controlled on the CCL under ECCN 0A501; shotguns 
     controlled on the CCL under ECCN 0A502; black powder guns and 
     armaments manufactured between 1890 and 1919 controlled on 
     the CCL under ECCN 0A602; or black powder guns and armaments 
     manufactured earlier than 1890.
       Note 2 to paragraph (a): Guns and armament when integrated 
     into their carrier (e.g., surface vessels, ground vehicles, 
     or aircraft) are controlled in the category associated with 
     the carrier. Self-propelled guns and armament are controlled 
     in USML Category VII. Towed guns and armament and stand-alone 
     guns and armament are controlled under this category.
       (b) Flame[ ]throwers with an effective range greater than 
     or equal to 20 meters. [specifically designed or modified for 
     military application.]
       (c) [Reserved] [Apparatus and devices for launching or 
     delivering ordnance, other than those articles controlled in 
     Category IV.]
       * (d) Kinetic energy weapon systems specially 
     [specifically] designed [or modified]

[[Page S6549]]

  

                          ____________________