ARMS SALES NOTIFICATIONS; Congressional Record Vol. 165, No. 74
(Senate - May 06, 2019)

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[Pages S2633-S2640]
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                        ARMS SALES NOTIFICATIONS

  Mr. RISCH. Mr. President, section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control 
Act requires that Congress receive prior notification of certain 
proposed arms sales as defined by that statute. Upon

[[Page S2634]]

such notification, the Congress has 30 calendar days during which the 
sale may be reviewed. The provision stipulates that, in the Senate, the 
notification of proposed sales shall be sent to the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
  In keeping with the committee's intention to see that relevant 
information is available to the full Senate, I ask unanimous consent to 
have printed in the Record the notifications which have been received. 
If the cover letter references a classified annex, then such annex is 
available to all Senators in the office of the Foreign Relations 
Committee, room SD-423.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                                  Defense Security


                                           Cooperation Agency,

                                                    Arlington, VA.
     Hon. James E. Risch,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations,
     U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Pursuant to the reporting requirements 
     of Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
     amended, we are forwarding herewith Transmittal No. 19-06 
     concerning the Army's proposed Letter(s) of Offer and 
     Acceptance to the Government of Bahrain for defense articles 
     and services estimated to cost $2.478 billion. After this 
     letter is delivered to your office, we plan to issue a news 
     release to notify the public of this proposed sale.
           Sincerely,
                                               Gregory M. Kausner,
       (For Charles W. Hooper, Lieutenant General, USA, Director).
       Enclosures.


                         Transmittal No. 19-06

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
         amended
       (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of Bahrain.
       (ii) Total Estimated Value:
       Major Defense Equipment * $1.445 billion.
       Other $1.033 billion.
       Total $2.478 billion.
       (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
     Services under Consideration for Purchase:
       Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
       Sixty (60) Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) Missile 
     Segment Enhancement (MSE) Missiles.
       Thirty-six (36) Patriot MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missiles 
     (GEM-T) Missiles with Canisters.
       Nine (9) M903 Launching Stations (LS).
       Five (5) Antenna Mast Groups (AMG).
       Three (3) Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III.
       Two (2) AN/MPQ-65 Radar Sets (RS).
       Two (2) AN/MSQ-132 Engagement Control Stations (ECS).
       Non-MDE: Also included is communications equipment, tools 
     and test equipment, range and test programs, support 
     equipment, prime movers, generators, publications and 
     technical documentation, training equipment, spare and repair 
     parts, personnel training, Technical Assistance Field Team 
     (TAFT), U.S. Government and contractor technical, 
     engineering, and logistics support services, Systems 
     Integration and Checkout (SICO), field office support, and 
     other related elements of logistics and program support.
       (iv) Military Department: Army (BA-B-UKY).
       (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None.
       (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed 
     to be Paid: None.
       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense 
     Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached 
     Annex.
       (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: May 3, 2019.
       *As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control 
     Act.


                          POLICY JUSTIFICATION

   Bahrain--Patriot Missile System and Related Support and Equipment

       The Government of Bahrain has requested to buy sixty (60) 
     Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) Missile Segment 
     Enhancement (MSE) missiles, thirty-six (36) Patriot MIM-104E 
     Guidance Enhanced Missiles (GEM-T) missiles with canisters, 
     nine (9) M903 Launching Stations (LS), five (5) Antenna Mast 
     Groups (AMG), three (3) Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III, 
     two (2) AN/MPQ-65 Radar Sets (RS), and two (2) AN/MSQ-132 
     Engagement Control Stations (ECS). Also included is 
     communications equipment, tools and test equipment, range and 
     test programs, support equipment, prime movers, generators, 
     publications and technical documentation, training equipment, 
     spare and repair parts, personnel training, Technical 
     Assistance Field Team (TAFT), U.S. Government and contractor 
     technical, engineering, and logistics support services, 
     Systems Integration and Checkout (SICO), field office 
     support, and other related elements of logistics and program 
     support. The estimated cost is $2.478 billion.
       This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and 
     national security of the United States by improving the 
     security of a Major Non-NATO ally which is a force for 
     political stability and economic progress in the Middle East. 
     This sale is consistent with U.S. initiatives to provide key 
     allies in the region with modem systems that will enhance 
     interoperability with U.S. forces and increase security.
       The proposed sale will enhance Bahrain's interoperability 
     with the United States. Bahrain will use Patriot to improve 
     its missile defense capability, defend its territorial 
     integrity, and deter regional threats. Bahrain will have no 
     difficulty absorbing this system into its armed forces.
       The proposed sale of these missiles will not alter the 
     basic military balance in the region.
       The prime contractor for the PAC-3 Missile is Lockheed-
     Martin in Dallas, Texas. The prime contractor for the GEM-T 
     missile is Raytheon Company in Andover, Massachusetts. There 
     are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with 
     this potential sale.
       Implementation of this proposed sale will require 
     approximately 25 U.S. Government and 40 contractor 
     representatives to travel to Bahrain for an extended period 
     for equipment de-processing/fielding, system checkout, 
     training, and technical and logistics support.
       There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness 
     as a result of this proposed sale.


                         Transmittal No. 19-06

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act

                           Annex Item No. vii

       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
        1. The Patriot Air Defense System contains classified 
     CONFIDENTIAL hardware components, SECRET tactical software 
     and critical/sensitive technology. Patriot ground support 
     equipment and Patriot missile hardware contain CONFIDENTIAL 
     components and the associated launcher hardware is 
     UNCLASSIFIED. The items requested represent significant 
     technological advances for Bahrain. The Patriot Air Defense 
     System continues to hold a significant technology lead over 
     other surface-to-air missile systems in the world.
        2. The Patriot sensitive/critical technology is primarily 
     in the area of design and production know-how and primarily 
     inherent in the design, development and/or manufacturing data 
     related to certain components. The list of components is 
     classified CONFIDENTIAL.
        3. Information on system performance capabilities, 
     effectiveness, survivability, missile seeker capabilities, 
     select software/software documentation and test data are 
     classified up to and including SECRET.
        4. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain 
     knowledge of the hardware and software elements, the 
     information could be used to develop countermeasures or 
     equivalent systems which might reduce system effectiveness or 
     be used in the development of a system with similar or 
     advanced capabilities.
        5. A determination has been made that the Government of 
     Bahrain can provide substantially the same degree of 
     protection for the sensitive technology being released as the 
     U.S. Government. This sale is necessary in furtherance of the 
     U.S. foreign policy and national security objectives outlined 
     in the Policy Justification.
        6. All defense articles and services listed in this 
     transmittal have been authorized for release and export to 
     the Government of Bahrain.
                                  ____

  Mr. RISCH. Mr. President, section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control 
Act requires that Congress receive prior notification of certain 
proposed arms sales as defined by that statute. Upon such notification, 
the Congress has 30 calendar days during which the sale may be 
reviewed. The provision stipulates that, in the Senate, the 
notification of proposed sales shall be sent to the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
  In keeping with the committee's intention to see that relevant 
information is available to the full Senate, I ask unanimous consent to 
have printed in the Record the notifications which have been received. 
If the cover letter references a classified annex, then such annex is 
available to all Senators in the office of the Foreign Relations 
Committee, room SD-423.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                                  Defense Security


                                           Cooperation Agency,

                                                    Arlington, VA.
     Hon. James E. Risch,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations,
     U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Pursuant to the reporting requirements 
     of Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
     amended, we are forwarding herewith Transmittal No. 18-20, 
     concerning the Air Force's proposed Letter(s) of Offer and 
     Acceptance to the Government of Bahrain for defense articles 
     and services estimated to cost $750 million. After this 
     letter is delivered to your office, we plan to issue a news 
     release to notify the public of this proposed sale.
           Sincerely,
                                                Charles W. Hooper,
                                Lieutenant General, USA, Director.
       Enclosures.

[[Page S2635]]

  



                         Transmittal No. 18-20

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
         amended
       (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of Bahrain.
       (ii) Total Estimated Value:
       Major Defense Equipment * $400 million.
       Other $350 million.
       Total $750 million.
       (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
     Services under Consideration for Purchase:
       Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
       Thirty-two (32) AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM Missiles.
       One (1) AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM Guidance Section.
       Thirty-two (32) AIM-9X Missiles.
       Twenty (20) AGM-84 Block II Harpoon Missiles.
       Two (2) ATM-84L-1 Block II Harpoon Missiles.
       Forty (40) AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) All-Up-
     Rounds.
       Fifty (50) AGM-88B High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missiles 
     (HARM).
       Four (4) AGM-88 HARM Training Missiles.
       One hundred (100) GBU-39 250 lb Small Diameter Bomb (SDB-1) 
     All-Up-Rounds.
       Four hundred (400) MAU-209 C/B Computer Control Groups 
     (GBU-10, -12).
       Eighty (80) MAU-210 Enhanced Computer Control Groups (GBU-
     49, -50).
       Three hundred forty (340) MXU-650 Air Foil Group (GBU-12, -
     49).
       One hundred forty (140) MXU-651 Air Foil Groups (GBU-10, -
     50).
       Seventy (70) KMU-557 GBU-31 Tail Kits (GBU-31 JDAM, GBU-56 
     JDAM).
       One hundred twenty (120) KMU-572 Tail Kits (GBU-38, -54).
       One hundred (100) DSU-38 Proximity Sensors (GBU-54).
       Four hundred sixty-two (462) MK-82 or BLU-111 500 lb Bomb 
     Bodies (Supporting GBU-12, GBU-38, GBU-49, GBU-54).
       Two hundred ten (210) BLU-109/BLU-117 or MK-84 2000 lb Bomb 
     Bodies (Supporting GBU-10, GBU-31, GBU-50, GBU-56).
       Ten (10) Practice BLU-109/BLU-117.
       Six hundred seventy (670) FMU-152 Fuses (supporting GBU-10, 
     -12, -31, -38, -49, -50, -54, & -56).
       Non-MDE: Also included are LAU-118 launchers; BRU-61 racks; 
     general purpose Air Foil Groups; tactical training rounds; 
     combat arms training and Maintenance Assets; nose support 
     cups; Swivel/Link attachments; DSU-38/40/42 proximity 
     sensors; Repair and Return services; studies and surveys; 
     weapons system support and test equipment; publications and 
     technical documentation; Alternate Mission Equipment (AME); 
     mission system spares and munitions spare parts; software 
     maintenance and support; missile support and test equipment; 
     common munitions bit/reprogramming equipment; missile and 
     munitions containers; personnel training and training 
     equipment; site surveys; U.S. Government/Contractor 
     technical, engineering, and logistical support; and other 
     related elements of logistics and program support.
       (iv) Military Department: Air Force (BA-D-YAF).
       (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: BA-D-SAC, BA-D-YAE, BA-D-
     YBI.
       (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed 
     to be Paid: None.
       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense 
     Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached 
     Annex.
       (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: May 3, 2019.
       *As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export 
     Control Act.


                          Policy Justification

     Bahrain--Weapons to Support F-16 Block 70/F-16V Aircraft Fleet

       The Government of Bahrain has requested to buy thirty-two 
     (32) AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM missiles; one (1) AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM 
     guidance section; thirty-two (32) AIM-9X missiles; twenty 
     (20) AGM-84 Block II Harpoon missiles; two (2) ATM-84L-1 
     Block II Harpoon missiles; forty (40) AGM-154 Joint Standoff 
     Weapon (JSOW) All -Up -Rounds; fifty (50) AGM-88B High -Speed 
     Anti -Radiation Missiles (HARM); four (4) AGM-88 HARM 
     training missiles; one hundred (100) GBU-39 250 lb Small 
     Diameter Bomb (SDB-1) All -Up -Rounds; four hundred (400) 
     MAU-209 C/B Computer Control Groups (GBU-10, -12); eighty 
     (80) MAU-210 Enhanced Computer Control Groups (GBU-49, -50); 
     three hundred forty (340) MXU-650 Air Foil Group (GBU-12, -
     49); one hundred forty (140) MXU-651 Air Foil Groups (GBU-10, 
     -50); seventy (70) KMU-557 GBU-31 tail kits (GBU-31 JDAM, 
     GBU-56 JDAM); one hundred twenty (120) KMU-572 tail kits 
     (GBU-38, -54); one hundred (100) DSU-38 proximity sensors 
     (GBU-54); four hundred sixty -two (462) MK-82 or BLU-111 500 
     lb Bomb Bodies (Supporting GBU-12, GBU-38, GBU-49, GBU-54); 
     two hundred ten (210) BLU-109/BLU-117 or MK-84 2000 lb Bomb 
     Bodies; (Supporting GBU-10, GBU-31, GBU-50, GBU-56); ten (10) 
     practice BLU-109/BLU-117; six hundred seventy (670) FMU-152 
     fuses (supporting GBU-10, -12, -31, -38; 49, -50, -54, & -
     56). Also included are LAU-118 launchers; BRU-61 racks; 
     general purpose Air Foil Groups; tactical training rounds; 
     combat arms training and Maintenance Assets; nose support 
     cups; Swivel/Link attachments; DSU-38/40/42 proximity 
     sensors; Repair and Return services; studies and surveys; 
     weapons system support and test equipment; publications and 
     technical documentation; Alternate Mission Equipment (AME); 
     mission system spares and munitions spare parts; software 
     maintenance and support; missile support and test equipment; 
     common munitions bit/reprogramming equipment; missile and 
     munitions containers; personnel training and training 
     equipment; site surveys; U.S. Government/Contractor 
     technical, engineering, and logistical support; and other 
     related elements of logistics and program support. The 
     estimated cost is $750 million.
       This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and 
     national security objectives of the United States by helping 
     to improve the security of a major non-NATO ally which is an 
     important security partner in the region. Our mutual defense 
     interests anchor our relationship and the Royal Bahraini Air 
     Force (RBAF) plays a significant role in Bahrain's defense.
       The proposed sale improves Bahrain's ability to meet 
     current and future threats. Bahrain will use these 
     capabilities as a deterrent to regional threats and to 
     strengthen its homeland defense. These weapons support the 
     new procurement of F-16 Block 70 and upgrades of existing F-
     16V aircraft, providing an increase in the capability of 
     existing aircraft to sustain operations, meet training 
     requirements, and support transition training for pilots to 
     the upgraded aircraft. This proposed sale and upgrade will 
     improve interoperability with U.S. forces and other regional 
     allies.
       Bahrain will have no difficulty absorbing this equipment 
     into its armed forces.
       The proposed sale will not alter the basic military balance 
     in the region.
       The principal contractors for this effort will be Lockheed 
     Martin Aeronautics Company, Fort Worth, TX; Raytheon Missile 
     Systems, Tucson, AZ; and Boeing Corporation, Chicago, IL. 
     There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection 
     with this potential sale.
       Implementation of this proposed sale will require the 
     assignment of at least two (2) additional U.S. Government 
     representatives to Bahrain.
       There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness 
     as a result of this proposed sale.


                         Transmittal No. 18-20

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act

                           Annex Item No. vii

       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
       1. Sensitive and/or classified (up to SECRET) elements 
     include hardware, accessories, components, and associated 
     software for the AIM-120C-7, AIM-9X, AGM-88B, AGM-84, AGM-
     154, GBU-10/12, GBU-31/38, GBU-49/50/54/56, and GBU-39. 
     Additional sensitive areas include operating manuals and 
     maintenance technical orders containing performance 
     information, operating and test procedures, and other 
     information related to support operations and repair. The 
     hardware, software, and data identified are classified to 
     protect vulnerabilities, design and performance parameters 
     and other similar critical information.
       2. The AIM-120C-7 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile 
     (AMRAAM) is a supersonic, air-launched, aerial intercept, 
     guided missile featuring digital technology and micro-
     miniature solid-state electronics. The missile employs active 
     radar target tracking, proportional navigation guidance, and 
     active Radio Frequency target detection. It can be launched 
     day or night, in any weather, and increases pilot 
     survivability by allowing the pilot to disengage after 
     missile launch and engage other targets. AMRAAM capabilities 
     include lookdown/shootdown, multiple launches against 
     multiple targets, resistance to electronic countermeasures, 
     and interception of high- and low-flying maneuvering targets. 
     The AMRAAM all up round is classified CONFIDENTIAL, major 
     components and subsystems range from UNCLASSIFIED to 
     CONFIDENTIAL, and technical data and other documentation are 
     classified up to SECRET.
       3. AIM-9X Sidewinder missile is an air-to-air guided 
     missile that employs a passive infrared (IR) target 
     acquisition system that features digital technology and 
     microminiature solid-state electronics. The AIM-9X tactical 
     and Captive Air Training Missile guidance units are subsets 
     of the overall missile and were recently designated as MDE. 
     The AIM-9X is CONFIDENTIAL. Major components and subsystems 
     range from UNCLASSIFIED to CONFIDENTIAL, and technical data 
     and other documentation are classified up to SECRET. The 
     overall system classification is SECRET.
       The AIM-9X is launched from the aircraft using a LAU-129 
     guided missile launcher (currently in country inventory). The 
     LAU-129 provides mechanical and electrical interface between 
     missile and aircraft. The LAU-129 system is UNCLASSIFIED.
       4. AGM-88B High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missiles (HARM) is an 
     air-to-ground missile designed to destroy or suppress enemy 
     radars used for air defense. HARM has wide frequency 
     coverage, is target reprogrammable in flight, and has a 
     reprogrammable threat library. Hardware and software for the 
     system is classified SECRET and ballistics data is 
     CONFIDENTIAL. The overall system classification is SECRET.
       The AGM-88 is launched from the aircraft using a LAU-118A 
     guided missile launcher. The LAU-118A provides mechanical and 
     electrical interface between missile and aircraft. The LAU-
     118A system is UNCLASSIFIED.
       5. GBU-10/12: 2000 lb (GBU-10) and 500 lb (GBU-12) Paveway 
     II (PW-II) laser guided

[[Page S2636]]

     bombs. The PW-II is a maneuverable, free-fall weapon that 
     guides on laser energy reflected off of the target. The PW-II 
     is delivered like a normal general purpose warhead and the 
     laser guidance guides the weapon into the target. Laser 
     designation for the weapon can be provided by a variety of 
     laser target designators. The PW-II consists of a laser 
     guidance kit, a computer control group and a warhead specific 
     air foil group, that attach to the nose and tail of Mk 84, Mk 
     82 bomb bodies. The weapon components are UNCLASSIFIED. Some 
     technical data and vulnerabilities/countermeasures are 
     classified up to SECRET.
       a. The GBU-10: This is a 2000 lb (BLU-117 B/B or Mk 84) 
     General Purpose (GP) guided bomb fitted with the MXU-651 
     airfoil and the MAU-169 or MAU-209 computer control group to 
     guide to its laser-designated target.
       b. The GBU-12: This is a 500 lb (BLU-111/B or Mk-82) guided 
     bomb fitted with the MXU-650 airfoil and the MAU-169 or MAU 
     209 computer control group to guide to its laser-designated 
     target.
       6. GBU-49 and GBU-50 are 500 lb/2000 lb Enhanced Paveway II 
     (EP-II) dual mode laser and GPS guided munitions 
     respectively. The GBU-49/50 uses airfoil groups similar to 
     those used on the GBU-12 and GBU-10 for inflight 
     maneuverability, and uses a MAU-210 Enhanced Computer Control 
     Group. The ``enhanced'' component is the addition of GPS 
     guidance to the laser seeker. This dual-mode allows the 
     weapon to operate in all-weather conditions. Weapons 
     components are UNCLASSIFIED. Technical data and 
     countermeasures/vulnerabilities are SECRET. The overall 
     system classification is SECRET.
       7. GBU-31 and GBU-38 2000 lb/500 lb Joint Direct Attack 
     Munitions (JDAM) is a guidance kit that converts existing 
     unguided free-fall bombs into precision-guided munitions. By 
     adding a new tail section containing Inertial Navigation 
     System (INS) guidance/Global Positioning System (GPS) 
     guidance to existing inventories of BLU-109, BLU-111 and 
     BLU-117 or Mk-84 and Mk-82 bombs, the cost effective JDAM 
     provides highly accurate weapon delivery in any 
     ``flyable'' weather. The INS, using updates from the GPS, 
     helps guide the bomb to the target via the use of movable 
     tail fins. The JDAM and all of its components are 
     UNCLASSIFIED; technical data for JDAM is classified up to 
     SECRET.
       8. GBU-54/56 are the 500 lb/2000 lb Laser JDAM. These 
     weapons use the DSU-38/B/DSU-40/42 laser sensor respectively 
     and use both Global Position System aided inertial navigation 
     and/or laser guidance to execute threat targets. The laser 
     sensor enhances standard JDAM's reactive target capability by 
     allowing rapid prosecution of fixed targets with large 
     initial target location errors (TLE). The laser sensor also 
     provides the additional capability to engage mobile targets. 
     The addition of the DSU-38 laser sensor combined with 
     additional cabling and mounting hardware turns a GBU-38 JDAM 
     into a GBU-54 Laser JDAM. The addition of the DSU-40/42 laser 
     sensor combined with additional cabling and mounting hardware 
     turns a GBU-31 JDAM into a GBU-56 Laser JDAM. Weapons 
     components are UNCLASSIFIED. Technical data and 
     countermeasures/vulnerabilities are SECRET. The overall 
     system classification is SECRET.
       9. GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb (SDB-1): The GBU-39 is a 250 
     lb class precision guided munition that allows aircraft with 
     an ability to carry a high number of bombs. The weapon offers 
     day or night, adverse weather, precision engagement 
     capability against pre-planned fixed or stationary soft, non-
     hardened, and hardened targets, with a significant standoff 
     range. Aircraft are able to carry four SDB-ls in place of one 
     2000 lb bomb. The SDB-1 is equipped with a UPS-aided inertial 
     navigation system to attack fixed, stationary targets such as 
     fuel depots and bunkers. The SDB-1 and all of its components 
     are UNCLASSIFIED; technical data is classified up to SECRET.
       10. The AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) is a family of 
     low-cost standoff weapons that are modular in design and 
     incorporate either a sub-munition or a unitary warhead. 
     Potential targets for JSOW range from soft targets, such as 
     troop concentrations, to hardened point targets like bunkers. 
     The AGM-154C is a penetrator weapon that carries a BROACH 
     warhead and pay load. The AGM-154 hardware, software and 
     maintenance data is UNCLASSIFIED. Vulnerabilities and 
     countermeasures are classified up to SECRET. Overall system 
     classification is SECRET.
       11. The AGM-84L-1 Harpoon provides a day, night, and 
     adverse weather, standoff air-to-surface capability. Harpoon 
     Block II is a follow on to the Harpoon missile, which is no 
     longer in production. Harpoon Block II is an effective Anti-
     Surface Warfare missile. The AGM-84L-1 Harpoon incorporates 
     components, software, and technical design information that 
     are considered sensitive. The following Harpoon components 
     being conveyed by the proposed sale that are considered 
     sensitive and are classified CONFIDENTIAL include: IIR 
     seeker, INS, OPP software and, missile operational 
     characteristics and performance data. The overall system 
     classification is SECRET.
       12. Software, hardware, and other data/information, which 
     is classified or sensitive, is reviewed prior to release to 
     protect system vulnerabilities, design data, and performance 
     parameters. Some end-item hardware, software, and other data 
     identified above are classified at the CONFIDENTIAL and 
     SECRET level. Potential compromise of these systems is 
     controlled through management of the basic software programs 
     of highly sensitive systems and software-controlled weapon 
     systems on a case-by-case basis.
       13. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain 
     knowledge of the specific hardware and software elements, the 
     information could be used to develop countermeasures that 
     might reduce weapon system effectiveness or be used in the 
     development of a system with similar or advanced 
     capabilities.
       14. A determination has been made that Bahrain can provide 
     substantially the same degree of protection of this 
     technology as the U.S. Government. This proposed sale is 
     necessary in furtherance of the U.S. foreign policy and 
     national security objectives outlined in the Policy 
     Justification. Moreover, the benefits to be derived from this 
     sale, as outlined in the Policy Justification, outweigh the 
     potential damage that could result if the sensitive 
     technology were revealed to unauthorized persons.
       15. All defense articles and services listed in this 
     transmittal are authorized for release and export to the 
     Government of Bahrain.
                                  ____

  Mr. RISCH. Mr. President, section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control 
Act requires that Congress receive prior notification of certain 
proposed arms sales as defined by that statute. Upon such notification, 
the Congress has 30 calendar days during which the sale may be 
reviewed. The provision stipulates that, in the Senate, the 
notification of proposed sales shall be sent to the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
  In keeping with the committee's intention to see that relevant 
information is available to the full Senate, I ask unanimous consent to 
have printed in the Record the notifications which have been received. 
If the cover letter references a classified annex, then such annex is 
available to all Senators in the office of the Foreign Relations 
Committee, room SD-423.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                                  Defense Security


                                           Cooperation Agency,

                                                    Arlington, VA.
     Hon. James E. Risch,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations,
     U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Pursuant to the reporting requirements 
     of Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
     amended, we are forwarding herewith Transmittal No. 19-17 
     concerning the Army's proposed Letter(s) of Offer and 
     Acceptance to the Government of the Czech Republic for 
     defense articles and services estimated to cost $800 million. 
     After this letter is delivered to your office, we plan to 
     issue a news release to notify the public of this proposed 
     sale.
           Sincerely,
                                                Charles W. Hooper,
                                Lieutenant General, USA, Director.
       Enclosures.


                         Transmittal No. 19-17

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
         amended
       (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of the Czech 
     Republic.
       (ii) Total Estimated Value:
       Major Defense Equipment* $450 million.
       Other $350 million.
       Total $800 million.
       (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
     Services under Consideration for Purchase: The Government of 
     the Czech Republic has requested to buy twelve (12) UH-60M 
     Black Hawk Helicopters in standard U.S. Government 
     configuration with designated unique equipment and Government 
     Furnished Equipment (GFE).
       Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
       Twelve (12) UH-60M Black Hawk Helicopters with Designated 
     Unique Equipment.
       Twenty-eight (28) T700-GE-701D Engines (24 installed and 4 
     spares).
       Twenty-nine (29) H-764GU Embedded Global Positioning 
     Systems with Inertial Navigation and Country Unique SAASM (24 
     installed and 5 spares).
       Twenty-four (24) M240H Machine Guns.
       One-hundred fourteen (114) Advanced Precision Kill Weapon 
     Systems (APKWS).
       Fifteen (15) AN/AAR-57(V)3 Common Missile Warning System 
     (CMWS) (12 installed and 3 spares).
       Non-MDE: Also included are four (4) Aviation Mission 
     Planning Systems (AMPS), twenty-nine (29) AN/ARC-231 UHF/VHF 
     Radios with RT-1808A, twenty-nine (29) AN/ARC-201D SINCGARS 
     Airborne Radios System with RT-1478D, fifteen (15) AN/ARC-
     220(V)3 HF Radio, twelve (12) Federated Advanced Navigation 
     System (FANS) with RNP/RNAV, fifteen (15) AN/APX-123 IFF with 
     Mode 4/5 Transponder (12 installed and 3 spares), fifteen 
     (15) AN/ARN-147(V) (12 installed and 3 spares), fifteen (15) 
     AN/ARN-149(V) Automatic Digital Frequency (12 installed and 3 
     spares), fifteen (15) Tactical Airborne Navigation System 
     (TACAN) AN/ARN-153 (12 installed and 3 spares), fifteen (15) 
     AN/APR-39C(V)1/4 Radar Warning Receiver, fifteen (15) AN/AVR-
     2B(V) Laser Warning System (12 installed and 3 spares), sixty 
     (60) Military Grade AN/AVS-6 Night

[[Page S2637]]

     Vision Goggles (NVGs), four (4) EBC-406HM Emergency Locator 
     Transmitter (ELT), Aircraft Wireless Intercom System (AWIS), 
     forty-eight (48) Machine Gun Mounts, twenty-four (24) M134D 
     Mini Gun, four thousand (4,000) M-134 Inert Training Rounds, 
     twenty-four (24) M-134 Power Supply Pack, twelve (12) GP-19 
     Machine Gun Pods, twelve (12) GAU-19B Machine Guns, twenty-
     four (24) M-134 Power Supply Pack, one hundred forty-four 
     (144) M-134 Spare Barrels, four thousand (4,000) M-134 
     Training Rounds, twelve (12) M-134 Mount Systems, twelve (12) 
     Packaging Crating and Handling Mount System in Support of M-
     134, twelve (12) M261 Rocket Launchers, one hundred thousand 
     (100,000) 7.62MM 4 Ball M80 1 Tracer M62 Linked, five hundred 
     one thousand (501,000) Cartridge 7.62MM 4 Ball 1 Tracer, ten 
     thousand (10,000) Cartridge 50 Caliber Ball, ten thousand 
     (10,000) 50 Caliber 4 Ball 1 Tracer, ten thousand (10,000) 
     Cartridge 50 Caliber 4 Armor Piercing Incendiary 1 Armor 
     Piercing Incendiary Tracer Linked, three Hundred (300) 
     Cartridge 25.4 Millimeter Decoy M839, four (4) Cartridge 
     Impulse CCU-92/A, three hundred eighty-four (384) Rocket 2.75 
     Inch High Explosive Warhead M151 Fuze M423 Motor MK66-4, two 
     hundred forty (240) Warhead 2.75 Inch Rocket M151HE, one 
     hundred eighty (180) Rocket Motor 2.75 Inch MK66-4, four 
     hundred (400) Flare Aircraft Countermeasure M206, Two (2) 
     Airborne Command and Control Systems includes three (3) PRC-
     117s (two (2) as line-of-sight and one (1) as beyond line-of-
     sight, one (1) iridium phone, one (1) ROVER 4 (to UAS), DAGAR 
     (GPS)), twelve (12) AN/APN-209 Radar Altimeter, twenty-four 
     (24) Upturned Exhaust System, thirteen (13) MX-10D EO/IR 
     Sensor with Laser Designator (12 and 1 spare), thirteen (13) 
     IZLED 200 PIR Laser (12 installed and 1 spare), thirty (30) 
     User Data Modules (UDM) for Common Missile Warning System 
     (CMWS), Common Missile Warning System (CMWS) Classified 
     Software Updates, Machine Gun Component Spare Parts, 
     Operation Mission Data Set (MDS) in support of the AN/APR-
     39C(V)1/4, twelve (12) AN/AVS-7 Heads-Up Display, aircraft 
     warranty, air worthiness support, calibration services, spare 
     and repair parts, support equipment, communication equipment, 
     weapons, ammunition, night vision devices, publications and 
     technical documentation, personnel training and training 
     devices, site surveys, tool and test equipment, U.S. 
     Government and contractor technical and logistics support 
     services, and other related elements of logistical and 
     program support.
       (iv) Military Department: Army (EZ-B-UEK).
       (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None.
       (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed 
     to be Paid: None.
       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense 
     Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached 
     Annex.
       (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: May 3, 2019.
       *As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control 
     Act.


                          POLICY JUSTIFICATION

             Czech Republic--UH-60M Black Hawk Helicopters

       The Government of Czech Republic has requested to buy (12) 
     UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters, with twenty-eight (28) T700-
     GE-701D engines (24 installed and 4 spares), twenty-nine (29) 
     H-764GU Embedded Global Positioning Systems with Inertial 
     Navigation and Country Unique SAASM (24 installed and 5 
     spares), twenty-four (24) M240H machine guns, one-hundred 
     fourteen (114) Advanced Precision Kill Weapon Systems 
     (APKWS), and fifteen (15) AN/AAR-57(V)3 Common Missile 
     Warning System (CMWS) (12 installed and 3 spares). Also 
     included are four (4) Aviation Mission Planning Systems 
     (AMPS), twenty-nine (29) AN/ARC-231 UHF/VHF Radios with RT-
     1808A, twenty-nine (29) AN/ARC-201D SINCGARS Airborne Radios 
     System with RT-1478D, fifteen (15) AN/ARC-220(V)3 HF Radio, 
     twelve (12) Federated Advanced Navigation System (FANS) with 
     RNP/RNAV, fifteen (15) AN/APX-123 IFF with Mode 4/5 
     Transponder (12 installed and 3 spares), fifteen (15) AN/ARN-
     147(V) (12 installed and 3 spares), fifteen (15) AN/ARN-
     149(V) Automatic Digital Frequency (12 installed and 3 
     spares), fifteen (15) Tactical Airborne Navigation System 
     (TACAN) AN/ARN-153 (12 installed and 3 spares), fifteen (15) 
     AN/APR-39C(V)1/4 Radar Warning Receiver, fifteen (15) AN/AVR-
     2B(V) Laser Warning System (12 installed and 3 spares), sixty 
     (60) Military Grade AN/AVS-6 Night Vision Goggles (NVGs), 
     four (4) EBC-406HM Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT), 
     Aircraft Wireless Intercom System (AWIS), forty-eight (48) 
     Machine Gun Mounts, twenty-four (24) M134/D Mini Gun, four 
     thousand (4,000) M-134 Inert Training Rounds, twenty-four 
     (24) M-134 Power Supply Pack, twelve (12) GP-19 Machine Gun 
     Pods, twelve (12) GAU-19B Machine Guns, twenty-four (24) M-
     134 Power Supply Pack, one hundred forty-four (144) M134 
     Spare Barrels, four thousand (4,000) M-134 Training Rounds, 
     twelve (12) M-134 Mount Systems, twelve (12) Packaging 
     Crating and Handling Mount System in Support of M-134, twelve 
     (12) M261 Rocket Launchers, one hundred thousand (100,000) 
     7.62MM 4 Ball M80 1 Tracer M62 Linked, five hundred one 
     thousand (501,000) Cartridge 7.62MM 4 Ball 1 Tracer, ten 
     thousand (10,000) Cartridge 50 Caliber Ball, ten thousand 
     (10,000) 50 Caliber 4 Ball 1 Tracer, ten thousand (10,000) 
     Cartridge 50 Caliber 4 Armor Piercing Incendiary 1 Armor 
     Piercing Incendiary Tracer Linked, three Hundred (300) 
     Cartridge 25.4 Millimeter Decoy M839, four (4) Cartridge 
     Impulse CCU-92/A, three hundred eighty-four (384) Rocket 2.75 
     Inch High Explosive Warhead M151 Fuze M423 Motor MK66-4, two 
     hundred forty (240) Warhead 2.75 Inch Rocket M151HE, one 
     hundred eighty (180) Rocket Motor 2.75 Inch MK66-4, four 
     hundred (400) Flare Aircraft Countermeasure M206, Two (2) 
     Airborne Command and Control Systems includes three (3) PRC-
     117s (two (2) as line-of-sight and one (1) as beyond line-of-
     sight, one (1) iridium phone, one (1) ROVER 4 (to UAS), DAGAR 
     (GPS)), twelve (12) AN/APN-209 Radar Altimeter, twenty-four 
     (24) Upturned Exhaust System, thirteen (13) MX-10D EO/IR 
     Sensor with Laser Designator (12 and 1 spare), thirteen (13) 
     IZLED 200 PIR Laser (12 installed and 1 spare), thirty (30) 
     User Data Modules (UDM) for Common Missile Warning System 
     (CMWS), Common Missile Warning System (CMWS) Classified 
     Software Updates, Machine Gun Component Spare Parts, 
     Operation Mission Data Set (MDS) in support of the AN/APR-
     39C(V)1/4, twelve (12) AN/AVS-7 Heads-Up Display, aircraft 
     warranty, air worthiness support, calibration services, spare 
     and repair parts, support equipment, communication equipment, 
     weapons, ammunition, night vision devices, publications and 
     technical documentation, personnel training and training 
     devices, site surveys, tool and test equipment, U.S. 
     Government and contractor technical and logistics support 
     services, and other related elements of logistical and 
     program support. The total estimated program cost is $800 
     million.
       This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and 
     national security of the United States by helping to improve 
     the security of a NATO partner that is an important force for 
     ensuring peace and stability in Europe. The proposed sale 
     will support the Czech Republic's need for its own self-
     defense and support NATO defense goals.
       The Czech Republic is considering either the UH-60M or the 
     UH-1Y/AH-1Z to replace its aging Mi-24 helicopters. The Czech 
     Republic intends to use these helicopters to modernize its 
     armed forces and strengthen its homeland defense and deter 
     regional threats. This will contribute to the Czech 
     Republic's military goal of updating its capabilities while 
     further enhancing interoperability with the United States and 
     NATO allies. The Czech Republic will have no difficulty 
     absorbing these helicopters into its armed forces.
       The proposed sale of this equipment will not alter the 
     basic military balance in the region.
       The principal contractors will be Sikorsky Aircraft 
     Company, Stratford, Connecticut; and General Electric 
     Aircraft Company (GEAC), Lynn, Massachusetts. There are no 
     known offset agreements in connection with this potential 
     sale.
       Implementation of this proposed sale may require the 
     assignment of an additional three U.S. Government and five 
     contractor representatives in country full-time to support 
     the delivery and training for approximately two-five years.
       There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness 
     as a result of this proposed sale.


                         Transmittal No. 19-17

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act

                           Annex Item No. vii

       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
       1. The UH-60M aircraft is a medium lift four bladed 
     aircraft which includes two (2) T-701D Engines. The aircraft 
     has four (4) Multifunction Displays (MFD), which provides 
     aircraft system, flight, mission, and communication 
     management systems. The instrumentation panel includes four 
     (4) Multifunction Displays (MFDs), two (2) Pilot and Co-Pilot 
     Flight Director Panels, and two (2) Data Concentrator Units 
     (DCUs). The Navigation System will have Embedded GPS/INS 
     (EGIs), and two (2) Advanced Flight Control Computer Systems 
     (AFCC), which provide 4 axis aircraft control.

[[Page S2638]]

  

       2. The H764-G EGI provides GPS and INS capabilities to the 
     aircraft. The EGI will include Selective Availability anti-
     Spoofing Module (SAASM) security modules to be used for 
     secure GPS PPS if required. The Embedded GPS/INS within the 
     SAASM contains sensitive technology.
       3. The Advanced Precision Kill Weapon Systems (APKWS) is a 
     low cost semi-active laser guidance kit developed by BAE 
     Systems which is added to current unguided 70 mm rocket 
     motors and warheads similar to and including the Hydra 70 
     rocket. It is a low collateral damage weapon that can 
     effectively strike both soft and lightly armored targets. 
     APKWS turns a standard unguided 2.75 inch (70 mm) rocket into 
     a precision laser-guided rocket, classification up to SECRET.
       4. The AAR-57A Common Missile Warning System (CMWS) detects 
     energy emitted by threat missile in-flight, evaluates 
     potential false alarm emitters in the environment, declares 
     validity of threat and selects appropriate counter-measures. 
     The CMWS consists of an Electronic Control Unit (ECU), 
     Electro-Optic Missile Sensors (EOMSs), and Sequencer and 
     Improved Countermeasures Dispenser (ICMD). Reverse 
     engineering is not a major concern. The ECU hardware is 
     classified CONFIDENTIAL; releasable technical manuals for 
     operation and maintenance are classified SECRET.
       5. The AN/ARC-231, Very High Frequency/Ultra High Frequency 
     (VHF/UHF), Line-of-Sight (LOS) Radio with frequency agile 
     modes, Electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM), UHF 
     Satellite Communications (S ATCOM), Demand Assigned Multiple 
     Access (DAMA), Integrated Waveform (IW), Air Traffic Control 
     (ATC) channel spacing is operator selectable in 5, 8.33,12.5, 
     and 25kHz steps. The antennas associated with this radio 
     contain sensitive technology.
       6. The AN/AVR-2B Laser Detecting Set is a passive laser 
     warning system that receives, processes and displays threat 
     information resulting from aircraft illumination by lasers on 
     multifunctional display. The hardware is classified 
     CONFIDENTIAL; releasable technical manuals for operation and 
     maintenance are classified SECRET.
       7. The AN/APR-39A Radar Signal Detecting Set is a system 
     that provides warning of radar directed air defense threat 
     and allows appropriate countermeasures. This is the 1553 
     databus compatible configuration. The hardware is classified 
     CONFIDENTIAL when programmed with U.S. threat data; 
     releasable technical manual for operation and maintenance are 
     classified CONFIDENTIAL; releasable technical data (technical 
     performance) is classified SECRET.
       8. The AN/APX-123A, Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) 
     Transponder, is a space diversity transponder and is 
     installed on various military platforms. When installed in 
     conjunction with platform antennas and the Remote Control 
     Unit (or other appropriate control unit), the transponder 
     provides identification, altitude and surveillance reporting 
     in response to interrogations from airborne, ground-based 
     and/or surface interrogators. This item is contains sensitive 
     technology.
       9. The AN/AVS-6 Aviator's Night Vision Goggle is a 
     lightweight binocular that can be mounted to a variety of 
     aviator helmets. The binocular offers high reliability and 
     performance and enables rotary-wing aviators to conduct and 
     complete night operations during the darkest nights of the 
     year. This item contains sensitive technology.
       10. The AN/ARC-201D, Single Channel Ground to Air Radio 
     System (SINCGARS), is a tactical airborne radio subsystem 
     that provides secure, anti jam voice and data communication. 
     The integration of COMSEC and the Data Rate Adapter (DRA) 
     combines three Line Replaceable Units into one and reduces 
     overall weight of the aircraft. Performance capabilities, 
     ECM/ECCM specification and Engineering Change Orders (ECOs) 
     are classified SECRET.
       11. The AN/ARC-220 is a fully digital signal processing 
     (DSP) high-frequency radio that gives you two-way 
     communication over the 2.0000 to 29.9999 MHz high-frequency. 
     The AN/ARC-220 also offers advanced communications features 
     such as embedded Automatic Link Establishment (ALE), serial 
     tone data modem and anti jam (ECCM) functions that can be 
     used for tactical rotary wing and fixed-wing applications.
       12. The AN/ARN-149, Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) 
     Receiver, is a low frequency radio that provides automatic 
     compass bearing on any radio signal within the frequency 
     range of 100 to 2199.5 kHz as well as navigation where a 
     commercial AM broadcast signal is the only available 
     navigation aid.
       13. The AN/ARN-153, Tactical Airborne Navigation (TACAN) 
     System, is a full featured navigational system that supports 
     four modes of operation: receive mode; transmit receive mode; 
     air-to-air receive mode; and air-to-air transmit-receive 
     mode. The TACAN provides a minimum 500-watt transmit 
     capability with selecting range ratios of 30:1 or 4:1 which 
     is accomplished through the automatic gain control (AGC) 
     enable/disable switch, the 1553 bus, or the RNAV (ARINC) 
     input bus.
       14. The AN/ARN-147, Very High Frequency (VHF) Omni Ranging/
     Instrument Landing System Receiver, that provides internal 
     MIL-STD-1553B capability and is MIL-E-5400 class II 
     qualified. It meets international operability requirements by 
     providing 50-kHz channel spacing for 160-VOR and 40-
     localizer/glideslope channels.
       15. The KIV-77, a Common IFF Applique Crypto Computer 
     Identification, Friend or Foe (IFF) which maintains the 
     crypto in a separate 3.5 in. x 4.25 in. x 1 in., 16-oz LRU 
     allowing it to be removed and stored. This item is a 
     Controlled Cryptographic Item (CCI).
       16. The AN/PYQ-10(C) Simple Key Loader (SKL) is a 
     ruggedized, portable, handheld fill device, for securely 
     receiving, storing, and transferring data between compatible 
     cryptographic and communications equipment. It supports both 
     the DS-101 and DS-102 interfaces, as well as the KSD-64 
     Crypto Ignition Key and is backward-compatible with existing 
     End Cryptographic Units (ECU) and forward-compatible with 
     future security equipment and systems. This item is 
     classified CONFIDENTIAL.
       17. Common Missile Warning System (CMWS) User Data Module 
     (UDM) to support Generation III Electronics Control Unit 
     (ECU). The UDM is a ruggedized, portable, hand-held data 
     storage device for securely receiving, storing, and 
     transferring data between CMWS ECUs (similar to a flash, or 
     ``thumb'' drive). The UDM itself is UNCLASSIFIED when 
     initially received. However, when loaded with data, it 
     becomes classified to the appropriate level of the data. In 
     the case of CMWS Software, this raises the classification 
     level to SECRET.
       18. Common Missile Warning System (CMWS) Classified 
     Software is provided as Country Specific Software required 
     for the operation and support of the Common Missile Warning 
     System (CMWS) AN/AAR-57. The software, once developed and 
     encrypted, is loaded on a User Data Module (UDM) for transfer 
     and use by the Customer. The software is classified SECRET.
       19. Operational Mission Data Set (MDS) in support of the 
     AN/APR-39C(V)1/4 including Software Development. The MDS is a 
     Country Specific, customer defined software data set that 
     defines the radar emitter specifications used by the APR-
     39C(V)I/4 Radar Warning Receiver to examine signal received 
     signal for potential threats. The Data Set includes data 
     Electronic Warfare Integrated Preprogramming Database 
     (EWIRDB) emitter parametric information to generate the MDS. 
     The MDS is classified SECRET.
       20. M1 (Z133) is a 25.4mm Decoy Chaff Cartridge. Z133 is a 
     component in A965. All cartridge components including the 
     cartridge case, piston, end cap and theoretical band coverage 
     are UNCLASSIFIED. The specification and the drawings for this 
     item are also UNCLASSIFIED. Radar Cross Section (RCS) 
     measurements of deployed chaff are CONFIDENTIAL.
       21. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain 
     knowledge of the specific hardware and software elements, the 
     information could be used to develop countermeasures or 
     equivalent systems which might reduce weapon system 
     effectiveness or be used in the development of a system with 
     similar or advanced capabilities.
       22. This sale is necessary in furtherance of the U.S. 
     foreign policy and national security objectives outlined in 
     the enclosed Policy Justification. A determination has been 
     made that Czech Republic can provide the same degree of 
     protection for the sensitive technology being released as the 
     U.S. Government.
       23. All defense articles and services listed in this 
     transmittal have been authorized for release and export to 
     Czech Republic.
                                  ____

  Mr. RISCH. Mr. President, section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control 
Act requires that Congress receive prior notification of certain 
proposed arms sales as defined by that statute. Upon such notification, 
the Congress has 30 calendar days during which the sale may be 
reviewed. The provision stipulates that, in the Senate, the 
notification of proposed sales shall be sent to the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
  In keeping with the committee's intention to see that relevant 
information is available to the full Senate, I ask unanimous consent to 
have printed in the Record the notifications which have been received. 
If the cover letter references a classified annex, then such annex is 
available to all Senators in the office of the Foreign Relations 
Committee, room SD-423.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                                  Defense Security


                                           Cooperation Agency,

                                                    Arlington, VA.
     Hon. James E. Risch,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations,
     U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Pursuant to the reporting requirements 
     of Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
     amended, we are forwarding herewith Transmittal No. 19-34 
     concerning the Navy's proposed Letter(s) of Offer and 
     Acceptance to the Government of the Czech Republic for 
     defense articles and services estimated to cost $205 million. 
     After this letter is delivered to your office, we plan to 
     issue a news release to notify the public of this proposed 
     sale.
           Sincerely,
                                                Charles W. Hooper,
                                Lieutenant General, USA, Director.
       Enclosures.

[[Page S2639]]

  



                         Transmittal No. 19-34

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
         amended
       (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of the Czech 
     Republic.
       (ii) Total Estimated Value:
       Major Defense Equipment * $180 million.
       Other $25 million.
       Total $205 million.
       (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
     Services under Consideration for Purchase:
       Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
       Four (4) AH-1Z Attack Helicopters.
       Eight (8) T700-GE-701D Engines (installed).
       Eight (8) Honeywell Embedded Global Positioning Systems 
     with Navigation (EGI) and Precise Positioning Service (PPS) 
     (installed).
       Fourteen (14) AGM-114 Hellfire Missiles.
       Non-MDE: Also included is communication equipment, 
     electronic warfare systems, M197 20mm machine guns, Target 
     Sight System, support equipment, spare engine containers, 
     spare and repair parts, tools and test equipment, technical 
     data and publications, personnel training and training 
     equipment, U.S. government and contractor engineering, 
     technical, and logistics support services, and other related 
     elements of logistics and program support.
       (iv) Military Department: Navy (EZ-P-SBF).
       (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: None.
       (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed 
     to be Paid: None,
       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense 
     Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached 
     Annex.
       (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: May 3, 2019.
       *As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control 
     Act.


                          POLICY JUSTIFICATION

                Czech Republic--AN-1Z Attack Helicopters

       The Government of Czech Republic has requested to buy four 
     (4) AH-1Z attack helicopters, eight (8) T700-GE-701D engines 
     (installed), eight (8) Honeywell Embedded Global Positioning 
     Systems with Inertial Navigation (EGI) and Precise 
     Positioning Service (PPS) (installed), and fourteen (14) AGM-
     114 Hellfire missiles. Also included is communication 
     equipment, electronic warfare systems, M197 20mm machine 
     guns, Target Sight System, support equipment, spare engine 
     containers, spare and repair parts, tools and test equipment, 
     technical data and publications, personnel training and 
     training equipment, U.S. government and contractor 
     engineering, technical, and logistics support services, and 
     other related elements of logistics and program support. The 
     total estimated program cost is $205 million.
       This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and 
     national security of the United States by helping to improve 
     the security of a NATO partner that is an important force for 
     ensuring peace and stability in Europe. The proposed sale 
     will support the Czech Republic's need for its own self-
     defense and support NATO defense goals.
       The Czech Republic is considering either the UH-60M or the 
     UH-1Y/AH-1Z to replace its aging Mi-24 helicopters. The Czech 
     Republic intends to use these helicopters to modernize its 
     armed forces and strengthen its homeland defense. This will 
     contribute to the Czech Republic's military goal of updating 
     its capabilities while further enhancing interoperability 
     with the United States and NATO allies. The Czech Republic 
     will have no difficulty absorbing these helicopters into its 
     armed forces.
       The proposed sale of this equipment will not alter the 
     basic military balance in the region.
       The principal contractors will be Bell Helicopter, Textron, 
     Fort Worth, Texas; and General Electric Company, Lynn, 
     Massachusetts. There are no known offset agreements in 
     connection with this potential sale.
       Implementation of this proposed sale will require multiple 
     trips by U.S. Government and contractor representatives to 
     participate in program and technical reviews plus training 
     and maintenance support in country, on a temporary basis, for 
     a period of twenty-four (24) months. It will also require 
     three (3) contractor representatives to reside in country for 
     a period of two (2) years to support this program.
       There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness 
     as a result of this proposed sale.


                         Transmittal No. 19-34

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act

                           Annex Item No. vii

       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
       1. The AH-1Z Helicopter is a twin-engine attack helicopter 
     developed for the United States Marine Corps. The AH-1Z 
     incorporates new rotor technology with upgraded military 
     avionics, weapons systems, and electro-optical sensors in an 
     integrated weapons platform. It has improved survivability 
     and can find targets at longer ranges and attack them with 
     precision weapons. The four blades are made of composites, 
     which have an increased ballistic survivability, and there is 
     a semi-automatic folding system for stowage aboard amphibious 
     assault ships.
       2. The Z-model has an integrated avionics system (IAS) 
     which includes two (2) mission computers and an automatic 
     flight control system. Each crew station has two (2) 8x6-inch 
     multifunction liquid crystal displays (LCD) and one (1) 
     4.2x4.2-inch dual function LCD display. The communications 
     suite will have NON-COMSEC ARC 210 UHFNHF radios with 
     associated communications equipment. The navigation suite 
     includes a Precise Positioning System (SPS) Honeywell 
     embedded GPS inertial navigation system (EGI), a digital map 
     system, and a low-airspeed air data subsystem, which allows 
     weapons delivery when hovering.
       3. The crew is equipped with the Optimized Top Owl (OTO) 
     helmet-mounted sight and display system. The OTO has a Day 
     Display Module (DDM) and a Night Display Module (NDM). The 
     AH-1Z has survivability equipment including the AN/AAR-47 
     Missile Warning and Laser Detection System, AN/ALE-47 Counter 
     Measure Dispensing System (CMOS) and the AN/APR-39 Radar 
     Warning Receiver to cover countermeasure dispensers, radar 
     warning, incoming/on-way missile warning and on-fuselage 
     laser-spot warning systems.
       4. The following performance data and technical 
     characteristics are classified as annotated:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
AH-1Z Airframe:
    --Countermeasure capability..........  SECRET
    --Counter-countermeasures capability.  SECRET
    --Vulnerability to countermeasures...  SECRET
    --Vulnerability to electromagnetic     SECRET
     pulse from nuclear environmental
     effects.
    --Radar signature....................  SECRET
    --Infrared signature.................  SECRET
    --Acoustic signature.................  CONFIDENTIAL
    --Ultraviolet signature..............  SECRET
    --Mission effectiveness against        CONFIDENTIAL
     threats.
Target Sight System (TSS)................  Up to SECRET
Other Systems:
    --Tactical Air Moving Map Capability
     (TAMMAC).
    --Honeywell Embedded GPS & INS (EGI)   Up to SECRET
     w/SPS.
    --AN/ARC-210 RT 1939(A)..............  Up to SECRET
    --APX-123A IFF Transponder...........  Up to SECRET
    --VCR or DVR.........................  Up to SECRET
    --APR-39 Radar Warning System (RWS)..  Up to SECRET
    --AN/AAR-47 Missile/Laser Warning      Up to SECRET
     System (MLWS).
    --AN/ALE-47 Countermeasures Dispenser  Up to SECRET
     Set (CMDS).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

       5. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain 
     knowledge of the specific hardware and software elements, the 
     information could be used to develop countermeasures or 
     equivalent systems which might reduce weapon system 
     effectiveness or be used in the development of a system with 
     similar or advanced capabilities.
       6. This sale is necessary in furtherance of the U.S. 
     foreign policy and national security objectives outlined in 
     the enclosed Policy Justification. A determination has been 
     made that Czech Republic can provide the same degree of 
     protection for the sensitive technology being released as the 
     U.S. Government.
       7. All defense articles and services listed in this 
     transmittal have been authorized for release and export to 
     Czech Republic.
                                  ____

  Mr. RISCH. Mr. President, section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control 
Act requires that Congress receive prior notification of certain 
proposed arms sales as defined by that statute. Upon such notification, 
the Congress has 30 calendar days during which the sale may be 
reviewed. The provision stipulates that, in the Senate, the 
notification of proposed sales shall be sent to the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
  In keeping with the committee's intention to see that relevant 
information is available to the full Senate, I ask unanimous consent to 
have printed in the Record the notifications which have been received. 
If the cover letter references a classified annex, then such annex is 
available to all Senators in the office of the Foreign Relations 
Committee, room SD-423.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                                  Defense Security


                                           Cooperation Agency,

                                                    Arlington, VA.
     Hon. James E. Risch,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, 
         Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Pursuant to the reporting requirements 
     of Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
     amended, we are forwarding herewith Transmittal No. 19-37 
     concerning the Army's proposed Letter(s) of Offer and 
     Acceptance to the Government of the United Arab Emirates for 
     defense articles and services estimated to cost $2.728 
     billion. After this letter is delivered to your office, we 
     plan to issue a news release to notify the public of this 
     proposed sale.
           Sincerely,
                                                Charles W. Hooper,
                                Lieutenant General, USA, Director.
       Enclosures.


                         Transmittal No. 19-37

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as 
         amended
       (i) Prospective Purchaser: Government of the United Arab 
     Emirates.
       (ii) Total Estimated Value:
       Major Defense Equipment* $2.700 billion.
       Other $.028 billion.
       Total $2.728 billion.

[[Page S2640]]

       (iii) Description and Quantity or Quantities of Articles or 
     Services under Consideration for Purchase:
       Major Defense Equipment (MDE):
       Up to four hundred fifty-two (452) Patriot Advanced 
     Capability 3 (PAC-3) Missiles Segment Enhanced (MSE).
       Non-MDE: Also included are tools and test equipment, 
     support equipment, publications and technical documentation, 
     personnel training and training equipment, spare and repair 
     parts, facility design, U.S. Government and contractor 
     technical, engineering, and logistics support services, and 
     other related elements of logistics, sustainment and program 
     support.
       (iv) Military Department: Army (AE-B-ZUT).
       (v) Prior Related Cases, if any: AE-B-ZUG.
       (vi) Sales Commission, Fee, etc., Paid, Offered, or Agreed 
     to be Paid: None.
       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology Contained in the Defense 
     Article or Defense Services Proposed to be Sold: See Attached 
     Annex.
       (viii) Date Report Delivered to Congress: May 3, 2019.
       *As defined in Section 47(6) of the Arms Export Control 
     Act.


                          POLICY JUSTIFICATION

United Arab Emirates (UAE)--Patriot Missile System and Related Support 
                               Equipment

       The Government of the United Arab Emirates has requested to 
     buy up to four hundred fifty-two (452) Patriot Advanced 
     Capability 3 (PAC-3) Missiles Segment Enhanced (MSE). Also 
     included are tools and test equipment, support equipment, 
     publications and technical documentation, personnel training 
     and training equipment, spare and repair parts, facility 
     design, U.S. Government and contractor technical, 
     engineering, and logistics support services, and other 
     related elements of logistics, sustainment and program 
     support. The estimated cost is $2.728 billion.
       This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and 
     national security of the United States by helping to improve 
     the security of an important ally which has been, and 
     continues to be, a force for political stability and economic 
     progress in the Middle East. This sale is consistent with 
     U.S. initiatives to provide key allies in the region with 
     modern systems that will enhance interoperability with U.S. 
     forces and increase security.
       The proposed sale will enhance the UAE's capability to meet 
     current and future aircraft and missile threats. The UAE will 
     use the capability as a deterrent to regional threats and to 
     strengthen its homeland defense. The UAE will have no 
     difficulty absorbing these additional missiles into its armed 
     forces.
       The proposed sale of these missiles will not alter the 
     basic military balance in the region.
       The prime contractor for the PAC-3 System will be Raytheon 
     Corporation, Andover, Massachusetts, and Lockheed-Martin, 
     Dallas, Texas. There are no known offset agreements proposed 
     in connection with this potential sale.
       Implementation of this proposed program will require 
     additional contractor representatives to travel to the UAE. 
     It is not expected additional U.S. Government personnel will 
     be required in country for an extended period of time.
       There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness 
     as a result of this proposed sale.


                         Transmittal No. 19-37

     Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to 
         Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act

                           Annex Item No. vii

       (vii) Sensitivity of Technology:
       1. The PATRIOT Air Defense System contains classified 
     CONFIDENTIAL hardware components, SECRET tactical software 
     and critical/sensitive technology. The Patriot Advanced 
     Capability-(PAC-3) Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) hardware 
     is classified CONFIDENTIAL and the associated launcher 
     hardware is UNCLASSIFIED. The PAC-3 MSE is a high velocity, 
     hit-to-kill, surface-to-air missile that provides critical 
     air and missile defense by intercepting and destroying 
     Tactical Ballistic Missiles (TBM), Air-Breathing Threats 
     (ABT), cruise missiles, and Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS).
       2. The PAC-3 MSE sensitive/critical technology is primarily 
     in the area of design and production know-how and primarily 
     inherent in the design, development and/or manufacturing data 
     related to certain components. The list of components is 
     classified CONFIDENTIAL.
       3. Information on system performance capabilities, 
     effectiveness, survivability, missile seeker capabilities, 
     select software/software documentation and test data are 
     classified up to and including SECRET.
       4. If a technologically advanced adversary were to obtain 
     knowledge of the hardware and software elements, the 
     information could be used to develop countermeasures or 
     equivalent systems which might reduce system effectiveness or 
     be used in the development of a system with similar or 
     advanced capabilities.
       5. A determination has been made that the Government of the 
     UAE can provide substantially the same degree of protection 
     for the sensitive technology being released as the U.S. 
     Government. This sale is necessary in furtherance of the U.S. 
     foreign policy and national security objectives outlined in 
     the Policy Justification.
       6. All defense articles and services listed in this 
     transmittal have been authorized for release and export to 
     the United Arab Emirates.

                          ____________________