Constitutional Authority Statement for H.R. 5603; Congressional Record Vol. 166, No. 8
(House of Representatives - January 14, 2020)

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[Page H239]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office []

           By Mr. STEUBE:
       H.R. 5603.
       Congress has the power to enact this legislation pursuant 
     to the following:
       Article 1, Section 8
       The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, 
     Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for 
     the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; 
     but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform 
     throughout the United States;
       To borrow money on the credit of the United States;
       To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the 
     several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
       To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform 
     Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United 
       To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign 
     Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
       To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the 
     Securities and current Coin of the United States;
       To establish Post Offices and Post Roads;
       To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by 
     securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the 
     exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
       To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
       and Offenses against the Law of Nations;
       To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and 
     make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
       To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money 
     to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
       To provide and maintain a Navy;
       To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land 
     and naval Forces;
       To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the 
     Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel 
       To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the 
     Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be 
     employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to 
     the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and 
     the Authority of training the Militia according to the 
     discipline prescribed by Congress;
       To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, 
     over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, 
     by Cession of particular States, and the acceptance of 
     Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United 
     States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places 
     purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in 
     which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, 
     Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; 
       To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
     carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other 
     Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the 
     United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.