TEXT OF AMENDMENTS; Congressional Record Vol. 166, No. 117
(Senate - June 25, 2020)

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[Pages S3326-S3625]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




                           TEXT OF AMENDMENTS

  SA 1796. Mr. ROUNDS submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 10__. CONSISTENCY OF DEADLINES FOR FILING CLAIMS FOR 
                   REIMBURSEMENT OR PAYMENT FROM DEPARTMENT OF 
                   VETERANS AFFAIRS FOR EMERGENCY TREATMENT 
                   FURNISHED TO VETERANS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
     modify the regulations implementing sections 1725 and 1728 of 
     title 38, United States Code, to ensure that the deadline for 
     filing claims for reimbursement or payment for emergency 
     treatment covered by such sections--
       (1) provides the same period of time for the filing of a 
     claim covered under either section; and
       (2) is not earlier than the date that is two years after 
     the latest date on which such treatment was provided.
       (b) Emergency Treatment Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``emergency treatment'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1725(f) of title 38, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1797. Mr. JONES (for himself and Mr. Sullivan) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. IMPROVING THE AUTHORITY FOR OPERATIONS OF UNMANNED 
                   AIRCRAFT FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.

       Section 350 of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 (Public 
     Law 115-254; 49 U.S.C 44809 note) is amended
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``at institutions 
     of higher education'' and inserting ``for educational 
     purposes''; and
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``aircraft system operated by'' and 
     inserting the following: ``aircraft system--
       ``(1) operated by'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), as added by subparagraph (A), by 
     striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) flown as part of the established curriculum of an 
     elementary school or secondary school (as such terms are 
     defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
       ``(3) flown as part of an established Junior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) program; or
       ``(4) flown as part of an educational program that is 
     chartered by a recognized community-based organization (as 
     defined in subsection (h) of such section).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1798. Mr. JONES submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle H of title V, add the following:

     SEC. ___. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF 
                   THE MILITARY LEADERSHIP DIVERSITY COMMISSION.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     implementation by the Department of Defense and the Armed 
     Forces of the recommendations of the Military Leadership 
     Diversity Commission as set forth in the final report of the 
     Commission entitled ``From Representation to Inclusion: 
     Diversity Leadership for the 21st Century Military'' and 
     dated March 15, 2011.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of each recommendation in the final 
     report referred to in that subsection.
       (2) For each such recommendation, a description and 
     assessment of the implementation of such recommendation by 
     the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces, including an 
     assessment whether progress remains to be made in the 
     implementation of such recommendation.
       (3) A description and assessment of the progress of the 
     Department and the Armed Forces in achieving diversity in the 
     leadership of the Armed Forces.
       (4) A description and assessment of areas in which the 
     Armed Forces are making insufficient progress in achieving 
     diversity in the leadership of the Armed Forces, an 
     assessment of the causes of such lack of progress, and 
     recommendations for actions to be undertaken to address such 
     lack of progress.
       (5) Such other matters in connection with diversity in 
     leadership of the Armed Forces as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1799. Mr. ENZI (for himself and Mr. Scott of Florida) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. 894. LISTING OF OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY CONSORTIA.

       Beginning not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     maintain on the government-wide point of entry for 
     contracting

[[Page S3327]]

     opportunities, Beta.SAM.gov (or any successor system), a list 
     of the consortia used by the Department of Defense to 
     announce or otherwise make available contracting 
     opportunities using other transaction authority (OTA).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1800. Mr. WARNER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle H of title V, add the following:

     SEC. ___. QUESTIONS REGARDING RACISM, ANTI-SEMITISM, AND 
                   SUPREMACISM IN WORKPLACE SURVEYS ADMINISTERED 
                   BY THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

       Section 593 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) Questions Required.--'' before ``The 
     Secretary'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, racist, anti-
     Semitic, or supremacist'' after ``extremist''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall submit to Congress a report including--
       ``(1) the text of the questions included in surveys under 
     subsection (a); and
       ``(2) which surveys include such questions.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1801. Mr. WARNER (for himself, Ms. Harris, and Mrs. Feinstein) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 
4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle B of title XXVIII, add the 
     following:

     SEC. 28__. INCLUSION OF ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE METRICS IN 
                   ANNUAL PUBLICATION ON USE OF INCENTIVE FEES FOR 
                   PRIVATIZED MILITARY HOUSING PROJECTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2891c of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
     following: ``Transparency regarding finances and performance 
     metrics'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Performance 
     Metrics and'' before ``Use of Incentive Fees'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``publicly accessible 
     website, information'' and inserting ``publicly accessible 
     website--
       ``(A) for each contract for the provision or management of 
     housing units--
       ``(i) an assessment of indicators underlying the 
     performance metrics under such contract to ensure such 
     indicators adequately measure the condition and quality of 
     the home or homes covered by the contract, including--
       ``(I) resident satisfaction;
       ``(II) maintenance management;
       ``(III) project safety; and
       ``(IV) financial management; and
       ``(ii) a detailed description of each indicator assessed 
     under subparagraph (A), including an indication of--
       ``(I) the limitations of available survey data;
       ``(II) how resident satisfaction and maintenance management 
     is calculated; and
       ``(III) whether data is missing; and
       ``(B) information''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and 
     inserting ``paragraph (1)(B)''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter V of chapter 169 of such title is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2891c and 
     inserting the following new item:

``2891c. Transparency regarding finances and performance metrics.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1802. Mr. WARNER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle A of title XI, add the following:

     SEC. __. INCLUSION OF NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 
                   IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
                   AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND 
                   ENGINEERING.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(7) National geospatial-intelligence agency.--The 
     Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency may 
     carry out a program of personnel management authority 
     provided in subsection (b) in order to facilitate recruitment 
     of eminent experts in science or engineering for the 
     Agency.''.
       (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of 
     such section is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (F), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(G) in the case of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
     Agency, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of not 
     more than 5 scientific and engineering positions in the 
     Agency;''.
       (c) Enhanced Pay Authority.--Subsection (b)(2)(A) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``paragraph (1)(B)'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1)''; and
       (2) by inserting ``or employees appointed pursuant to 
     subparagraph (G) of such paragraph to any of 3 positions 
     designated by the Director of the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency'' after ``this subparagraph''.
       (d) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) 
     of such section is amended by striking ``or the Joint 
     Artificial Intelligence Center'' and inserting ``the Joint 
     Artificial Intelligence Center, or the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency''.
       (e) Study Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Intelligence and Security and the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a study on the utility of providing 
     elements of the intelligence community of the Department of 
     Defense, other than the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
     Agency, personnel management authority to attract experts in 
     science and engineering under section 1599h of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (i) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (ii) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (B) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
     community'' has the meaning given such term in section 3 of 
     the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1803. Mr. WARNER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. EFFICIENT USE OF SENSITIVE COMPARTMENTED 
                   INFORMATION FACILITIES.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Director of National Intelligence, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall issue 
     revised guidance authorizing and directing Government 
     agencies and their appropriately cleared contractors to 
     process, store, use, and discuss sensitive compartmented 
     information (SCI) at facilities previously approved to handle 
     such information, without need for further approval by agency 
     or by site. Such guidance shall apply to controlled access 
     programs of the intelligence community and to special access 
     programs of the Department of Defense.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1804. Mr. BRAUN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle F of title V, add the following:

     SEC. ___. POSTHUMOUS HONORARY PROMOTION TO GENERAL OF 
                   LIEUTENANT GENERAL FRANK MAXWELL ANDREWS, 
                   UNITED STATES ARMY.

       (a) Posthumous Honorary Promotion.--Notwithstanding any 
     time limitation with respect to posthumous promotions for 
     persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President is 
     authorized to issue a posthumous honorary commission 
     promoting Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews, United 
     States Army, to the grade of general.
       (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The honorary 
     promotion of Frank Maxwell Andrews under subsection (a) shall 
     not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United 
     States to which Frank Maxwell Andrews would have been 
     entitled based upon

[[Page S3328]]

     his military service or affect any benefits to which any 
     other person may become entitled based on his military 
     service.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1805. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. FEDERAL CLEARINGHOUSE ON SCHOOL SAFETY BEST 
                   PRACTICES.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Luke 
     and Alex School Safety Act of 2020''.
       (b) Clearinghouse.--Subtitle A of title XXII of the 
     Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) is 
     amended by inserting after section 2214 the following:

     ``SEC. 2215. FEDERAL CLEARINGHOUSE ON SCHOOL SAFETY BEST 
                   PRACTICES.

       ``(a) Establishment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
     Secretary of Education, the Attorney General, and the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall establish a 
     Federal Clearinghouse on School Safety Best Practices (in 
     this section referred to as the `Clearinghouse') within the 
     Department.
       ``(2) Purpose.--The Clearinghouse shall be the primary 
     resource of the Federal Government to identify and publish 
     online through SchoolSafety.gov, or any successor website, 
     the best practices and recommendations for school safety for 
     use by State and local educational agencies, institutions of 
     higher education, State and local law enforcement agencies, 
     health professionals, and the general public.
       ``(3) Personnel.--
       ``(A) Assignments.--The Clearinghouse shall be assigned 
     such personnel and resources as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate to carry out this section.
       ``(B) Detailees.--The Secretary of Education, the Attorney 
     General, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services may 
     detail personnel to the Clearinghouse.
       ``(4) Exemptions.--
       ``(A) Paperwork reduction act.--Chapter 35 of title 44, 
     United States Code (commonly known as the `Paperwork 
     Reduction Act') shall not apply to any rulemaking or 
     information collection required under this section.
       ``(B) Federal advisory committee act.--The Federal Advisory 
     Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply for the 
     purposes of carrying out this section.
       ``(b) Clearinghouse Contents.--
       ``(1) Consultation.--In identifying the best practices and 
     recommendations for the Clearinghouse, the Secretary may 
     consult with appropriate Federal, State, local, Tribal, 
     private sector, and nongovernmental organizations.
       ``(2) Criteria for best practices and recommendations.--The 
     best practices and recommendations of the Clearinghouse 
     shall, at a minimum--
       ``(A) involve comprehensive school safety measures, 
     including threat prevention, preparedness, protection, 
     mitigation, incident response, and recovery to improve the 
     safety posture of a school upon implementation;
       ``(B) include any evidence or research rationale supporting 
     the determination of the Clearinghouse that the best practice 
     or recommendation under subparagraph (A) has been shown to 
     have a significant effect on improving the health, safety, 
     and welfare of persons in school settings, including--
       ``(i) relevant research that is evidence-based, as defined 
     in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
     of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801), supporting the best practice or 
     recommendation;
       ``(ii) findings and data from previous Federal or State 
     commissions recommending improvements to the safety posture 
     of a school; or
       ``(iii) other supportive evidence or findings relied upon 
     by the Clearinghouse in determining best practices and 
     recommendations to improve the safety posture of a school 
     upon implementation; and
       ``(C) include information on Federal grant programs for 
     which implementation of each best practice or recommendation 
     is an eligible use for the program.
       ``(3) Past commission recommendations.--To the greatest 
     extent practicable, the Clearinghouse shall present, as 
     appropriate, Federal, State, local, Tribal, private sector, 
     and nongovernmental organization issued best practices and 
     recommendations and identify any best practice or 
     recommendation of the Clearinghouse that was previously 
     issued by any such organization or commission.
       ``(c) Assistance and Training.--The Secretary may produce 
     and publish materials on the Clearinghouse to assist and 
     train educational agencies and law enforcement agencies on 
     the implementation of the best practices and recommendations.
       ``(d) Continuous Improvement.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(1) collect for the purpose of continuous improvement of 
     the Clearinghouse--
       ``(A) Clearinghouse data analytics;
       ``(B) user feedback on the implementation of resources, 
     best practices, and recommendations identified by the 
     Clearinghouse; and
       ``(C) any evaluations conducted on implementation of the 
     best practices and recommendations of the Clearinghouse; and
       ``(2) in coordination with the Secretary of Education, the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, and the Attorney 
     General--
       ``(A) regularly assess and identify Clearinghouse best 
     practices and recommendations for which there are no 
     resources available through Federal Government programs for 
     implementation; and
       ``(B) establish an external advisory board, which shall be 
     comprised of appropriate State, local, Tribal, private 
     sector, and nongovernmental organizations, including 
     organizations representing parents of elementary and 
     secondary school students, to--
       ``(i) provide feedback on the implementation of best 
     practices and recommendations of the Clearinghouse; and
       ``(ii) propose additional recommendations for best 
     practices for inclusion in the Clearinghouse.
       ``(e) Parental Assistance.--The Clearinghouse shall produce 
     materials to assist parents and legal guardians of students 
     with identifying relevant Clearinghouse resources related to 
     supporting the implementation of Clearinghouse best practices 
     and recommendations.''.
       (1) Technical amendments.--The table of contents in section 
     1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-
     296; 116 Stat. 2135) is amended by inserting after the item 
     relating to section 2214 the following:

``Sec. 2215. Federal Clearinghouse on School Safety Best Practices.''.
       (c) Notification of Clearinghouse.--
       (1) Notification by the secretary of education.--The 
     Secretary of Education shall provide written notification of 
     the publication of the Federal Clearinghouse on School Safety 
     Best Practices (referred to in this subsection and subsection 
     (d) as the ``Clearinghouse''), as required to be established 
     under section 2215 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as 
     added by subsection (b), to--
       (A) every State and local educational agency; and
       (B) other Department of Education partners in the 
     implementation of the best practices and recommendations of 
     the Clearinghouse, as determined appropriate by the Secretary 
     of Education.
       (2) Notification by the secretary of homeland security.--
     The Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide written 
     notification of the publication of the Clearinghouse, as 
     required to be established under section 2215 of the Homeland 
     Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (b), to--
       (A) every State homeland security advisor;
       (B) every State department of homeland security; and
       (C) other Department of Homeland Security partners in the 
     implementation of the best practices and recommendations of 
     the Clearinghouse, as determined appropriate by the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security.
       (3) Notification by the secretary of health and human 
     services.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall 
     provide written notification of the publication of the 
     Clearinghouse, as required to be established under section 
     2215 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by 
     subsection (b), to--
       (A) every State department of public health; and
       (B) other Department of Health and Human Services partners 
     in the implementation of the best practices and 
     recommendations of the Clearinghouse, as determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
       (4) Notification by the attorney general.--The Attorney 
     General shall provide written notification of the publication 
     of the Clearinghouse, as required to be established under 
     section 2215 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added 
     by subsection (b), to--
       (A) every State department of justice; and
       (B) other Department of Justice partners in the 
     implementation of the best practices and recommendations of 
     the Clearinghouse, as determined appropriate by the Attorney 
     General.
       (d) Grant Program Review.--
       (1) Federal grants and resources.--The Secretary of 
     Education, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary 
     of Health and Human Services, and the Attorney General shall 
     each--
       (A) review grant programs administered by their respective 
     agency and identify any grant program that may be used to 
     implement best practices and recommendations of the 
     Clearinghouse;
       (B) identify any best practices and recommendations of the 
     Clearinghouse for which there is not a Federal grant program 
     that may be used for the purposes of implementing the best 
     practice or recommendation as applicable to the agency; and
       (C) periodically report any findings under subparagraph (B) 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress.
       (2) State grants and resources.--The Clearinghouse shall, 
     to the extent practicable, identify, for each State--
       (A) each agency responsible for school safety in the State, 
     or any State that does not have such an agency designated;
       (B) any grant program that may be used for the purposes of 
     implementing best practices and recommendations of the 
     Clearinghouse; and

[[Page S3329]]

       (C) any resources other than grant programs that may be 
     used to assist in implementation of best practices and 
     recommendations of the Clearinghouse.
       (e) Rules of Construction.--
       (1) Waiver of requirements.--Nothing in this section or the 
     amendments made by this section shall be construed to create, 
     satisfy, or waive any requirement under--
       (A) title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 
     (42 U.S.C. 12131 et seq.);
       (B) the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.);
       (C) title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 
     2000d et seq.);
       (D) title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 
     1681 et seq.); or
       (E) the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et 
     seq.).
       (2) Prohibition on federally developed, mandated, or 
     endorsed curriculum.--Nothing in this section or the 
     amendments made by this section shall be construed to 
     authorize any officer or employee of the Federal Government 
     to engage in an activity otherwise prohibited under section 
     103(b) of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 
     U.S.C. 3403(b)).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1806. Mr. JOHNSON (for himself and Ms. Hassan) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. COUNTERING UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS COORDINATOR.

       (a) In General.--Title III of the Homeland Security Act of 
     2002 (6 U.S.C. 181 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new section:

     ``SEC. 321. COUNTERING UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS COORDINATOR.

       ``(a) Coordinator.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall designate an 
     individual in a Senior Executive Service position (as defined 
     in section 3132 of title 5, United States Code) of the 
     Department within the Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans 
     as the Countering Unmanned Aircraft Systems Coordinator (in 
     this section referred to as the `Coordinator') and provide 
     appropriate staff to carry out the responsibilities of the 
     Coordinator.
       ``(2) Responsibilities.--The Coordinator shall--
       ``(A) oversee and coordinate with relevant Department 
     offices and components, including the Office of Civil Rights 
     and Civil Liberties and the Privacy Office, on the 
     development of guidance and regulations to counter threats 
     associated with unmanned aircraft systems (in this section 
     referred to as `UAS') as described in section 210G;
       ``(B) promote research and development of counter UAS 
     technologies in coordination with the Office of Science and 
     Technology;
       ``(C) coordinate with the relevant components and offices 
     of the Department, including the Office of Intelligence and 
     Analysis, to ensure the sharing of information, guidance, and 
     intelligence relating to countering UAS threats, counter UAS 
     threat assessments, and counter UAS technology, including the 
     retention of UAS and counter UAS incidents within the 
     Department;
       ``(D) serve as the Department liaison, in coordination with 
     relevant components and offices of the Department, to the 
     Department of Defense, Federal, State, local, and Tribal law 
     enforcement entities and the private sector regarding the 
     activities of the Department relating to countering UAS;
       ``(E) maintain the information required under section 
     210G(g)(3); and
       ``(F) carry out other related counter UAS authorities and 
     activities under section 210G, as directed by the Secretary.
       ``(b) Coordination With Applicable Federal Laws.--The 
     Coordinator shall, in addition to other assigned duties, 
     coordinate with relevant Department components and offices to 
     ensure testing, evaluation, or deployment of a system used to 
     identify, assess, or defeat a UAS is carried out in 
     accordance with applicable Federal laws.
       ``(c) Coordination With Private Sector.--The Coordinator 
     shall, among other assigned duties, working with the Office 
     of Partnership and Engagement and other relevant Department 
     offices and components, or other Federal agencies, as 
     appropriate, serve as the principal Department official 
     responsible for sharing to the private sector information 
     regarding counter UAS technology, particularly information 
     regarding instances in which counter UAS technology may 
     impact lawful private sector services or systems.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
     contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
     (Public Law 107-296; 116 Stat. 2135) is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 320 the following:

``Sec. 321. Countering Unmanned Aircraft Systems Coordinator.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1807. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. SUBPOENA AUTHORITY.

       (a) In General.--Section 2209 of the Homeland Security Act 
     of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 659) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
       ``(6) the term `security vulnerability' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 102(17) of the Cybersecurity 
     Information Sharing Act of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 1501(17)); and'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (11), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(12) detecting, identifying, and receiving information 
     about security vulnerabilities relating to critical 
     infrastructure in the information systems and devices for a 
     cybersecurity purpose, as defined in section 102 of the 
     Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 
     1501).''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(o) Subpoena Authority.--
       ``(1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `covered 
     device or system'--
       ``(A) means a device or system commonly used to perform 
     industrial, commercial, scientific, or governmental functions 
     or processes that relate to critical infrastructure, 
     including operational and industrial control systems, 
     distributed control systems, and programmable logic 
     controllers; and
       ``(B) does not include personal devices and systems, such 
     as consumer mobile devices, home computers, residential 
     wireless routers, or residential internet enabled consumer 
     devices.
       ``(2) Authority.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the Director identifies a system 
     connected to the internet with a specific security 
     vulnerability and has reason to believe that the security 
     vulnerability relates to critical infrastructure and affects 
     a covered device or system, and the Director is unable to 
     identify the entity at risk that owns or operates the covered 
     device or system, the Director may issue a subpoena for the 
     production of information necessary to identify and notify 
     the entity at risk, in order to carry out a function 
     authorized under subsection (c)(12).
       ``(B) Limit on information.--A subpoena issued under the 
     authority under subparagraph (A) may seek information--
       ``(i) only in the categories set forth in subparagraphs 
     (A), (B), (D), and (E) of section 2703(c)(2) of title 18, 
     United States Code; and
       ``(ii) for not more than 20 covered devices or systems.
       ``(C) Liability protections for disclosing providers.--The 
     provisions of section 2703(e) of title 18, United States 
     Code, shall apply to any subpoena issued under the authority 
     under subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) Coordination.--
       ``(A) In general.--If the Director decides to exercise the 
     subpoena authority under this subsection, and in the interest 
     of avoiding interference with ongoing law enforcement 
     investigations, the Director shall coordinate the issuance of 
     any such subpoena with the Department of Justice, including 
     the Federal Bureau of Investigation, pursuant to inter-agency 
     procedures which the Director, in coordination with the 
     Attorney General, shall develop not later than 60 days after 
     the date of enactment of this subsection.
       ``(B) Contents.--The inter-agency procedures developed 
     under this paragraph shall provide that a subpoena issued by 
     the Director under this subsection shall be--
       ``(i) issued in order to carry out a function described in 
     subsection (c)(12); and
       ``(ii) subject to the limitations under this subsection.
       ``(4) Noncompliance.--If any person, partnership, 
     corporation, association, or entity fails to comply with any 
     duly served subpoena issued under this subsection, the 
     Director may request that the Attorney General seek 
     enforcement of the subpoena in any judicial district in which 
     such person, partnership, corporation, association, or entity 
     resides, is found, or transacts business.
       ``(5) Notice.--Not later than 7 days after the date on 
     which the Director receives information obtained through a 
     subpoena issued under this subsection, the Director shall 
     notify any entity identified by information obtained under 
     the subpoena regarding the subpoena and the identified 
     vulnerability.
       ``(6) Authentication.--
       ``(A) In general.--Any subpoena issued by the Director 
     under this subsection shall be authenticated with a 
     cryptographic digital signature of an authorized 
     representative of the Agency, or other comparable successor 
     technology, that allows the Agency to demonstrate that the 
     subpoena was issued by the Agency and has not been altered or 
     modified since it was issued by the Agency.
       ``(B) Invalid if not authenticated.--Any subpoena issued by 
     the Director under this

[[Page S3330]]

     subsection that is not authenticated in accordance with 
     subparagraph (A) shall not be considered to be valid by the 
     recipient of the subpoena.
       ``(7) Procedures.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     enactment of this subsection, the Director shall establish 
     internal procedures and associated training, applicable to 
     employees and operations of the Agency, regarding subpoenas 
     issued under this subsection, which shall address--
       ``(A) the protection of and restriction on dissemination of 
     nonpublic information obtained through a subpoena issued 
     under this subsection, including a requirement that the 
     Agency shall not disseminate nonpublic information obtained 
     through a subpoena issued under this subsection that 
     identifies the party that is subject to the subpoena or the 
     entity at risk identified by information obtained, except 
     that the Agency may share the nonpublic information of the 
     entity at risk with another Federal agency if--
       ``(i) the Agency identifies or is notified of a 
     cybersecurity incident involving the entity, which relates to 
     the vulnerability which led to the issuance of the subpoena;
       ``(ii) the Director determines that sharing the nonpublic 
     information with another Federal agency is necessary to allow 
     that Federal agency to take a law enforcement or national 
     security action or actions related to mitigating or otherwise 
     resolving such incident;
       ``(iii) the entity to which the information pertains is 
     notified of the Director's determination, to the extent 
     practicable consistent with national security or law 
     enforcement interests; and
       ``(iv) the entity consents, except that the entity's 
     consent shall not be required if another Federal agency 
     identifies the entity to the Agency in connection with a 
     suspected cybersecurity incident;
       ``(B) the restriction on the use of information obtained 
     through the subpoena for a cybersecurity purpose, as defined 
     in section 102 of the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act 
     of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 1501);
       ``(C) the retention and destruction of nonpublic 
     information obtained through a subpoena issued under this 
     subsection, including--
       ``(i) destruction of information obtained through the 
     subpoena that the Director determines is unrelated to 
     critical infrastructure immediately upon providing notice to 
     the entity pursuant to paragraph (5); and
       ``(ii) destruction of any personally identifiable 
     information not later than 6 months after the date on which 
     the Director receives information obtained through the 
     subpoena, unless otherwise agreed to by the individual 
     identified by the subpoena respondent;
       ``(D) the processes for providing notice to each party that 
     is subject to the subpoena and each entity identified by 
     information obtained under a subpoena issued under this 
     subsection;
       ``(E) the processes and criteria for conducting critical 
     infrastructure security risk assessments to determine whether 
     a subpoena is necessary prior to being issued under this 
     subsection; and
       ``(F) the information to be provided to an entity at risk 
     at the time of the notice of the vulnerability, which shall 
     include--
       ``(i) a discussion or statement that responding to, or 
     subsequent engagement with, the Agency, is voluntary; and
       ``(ii) to the extent practicable, information regarding the 
     process through which the Director identifies security 
     vulnerabilities.
       ``(8) Limitation on procedures.--The internal procedures 
     established under paragraph (7) may not require an owner or 
     operator of critical infrastructure to take any action as a 
     result of a notice of vulnerability made pursuant to this 
     Act.
       ``(9) Review of procedures.--Not later than 1 year after 
     the date of enactment of this subsection, the Privacy Officer 
     of the Agency shall--
       ``(A) review the procedures developed by the Director under 
     paragraph (7) to ensure that--
       ``(i) the procedures are consistent with fair information 
     practices; and
       ``(ii) the operations of the Agency comply with the 
     procedures; and
       ``(B) notify the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security of the House of Representatives of the 
     results of the review.
       ``(10) Publication of information.--Not later than 120 days 
     after establishing the internal procedures under paragraph 
     (7), the Director shall publish information on the website of 
     the Agency regarding the subpoena process under this 
     subsection, including regarding--
       ``(A) the purpose for subpoenas issued under this 
     subsection;
       ``(B) the subpoena process;
       ``(C) the criteria for the critical infrastructure security 
     risk assessment conducted prior to issuing a subpoena;
       ``(D) policies and procedures on retention and sharing of 
     data obtained by subpoena;
       ``(E) guidelines on how entities contacted by the Director 
     may respond to notice of a subpoena; and
       ``(F) the procedures and policies of the Agency developed 
     under paragraph (7).
       ``(11) Annual reports.--The Director shall annually submit 
     to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security 
     of the House of Representatives a report (which may include a 
     classified annex but with the presumption of 
     declassification) on the use of subpoenas under this 
     subsection by the Director, which shall include--
       ``(A) a discussion of--
       ``(i) the effectiveness of the use of subpoenas to mitigate 
     critical infrastructure security vulnerabilities;
       ``(ii) the critical infrastructure security risk assessment 
     process conducted for subpoenas issued under this subsection;
       ``(iii) the number of subpoenas issued under this 
     subsection by the Director during the preceding year;
       ``(iv) to the extent practicable, the number of vulnerable 
     covered devices or systems mitigated under this subsection by 
     the Agency during the preceding year; and
       ``(v) the number of entities notified by the Director under 
     this subsection, and their response, during the previous 
     year; and
       ``(B) for each subpoena issued under this subsection--
       ``(i) the source of the security vulnerability detected, 
     identified, or received by the Director;
       ``(ii) the steps taken to identify the entity at risk prior 
     to issuing the subpoena; and
       ``(iii) a description of the outcome of the subpoena, 
     including discussion on the resolution or mitigation of the 
     critical infrastructure security vulnerability.
       ``(12) Publication of the annual reports.--The Director 
     shall publish a version of the annual report required by 
     paragraph (11) on the website of the Agency, which shall, at 
     a minimum, include the findings described in clauses (iii), 
     (iv) and (v) of paragraph (11)(A).
       ``(13) Prohibition on use of information for unauthorized 
     purposes.--Any information obtained pursuant to a subpoena 
     issued under this subsection shall not be provided to any 
     other Federal agency for any purpose other than a 
     cybersecurity purpose, as defined in section 102 of the 
     Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 
     1501).''.
       (b) Rules of Construction.--
       (1) Prohibition on new regulatory authority.--Nothing in 
     this section or the amendments made by this section shall be 
     construed to grant the Secretary of Homeland Security (in 
     this subsection referred to as the ``Secretary''), or another 
     Federal agency, any authority to promulgate regulations or 
     set standards relating to the cybersecurity of private sector 
     critical infrastructure that was not in effect on the day 
     before the date of enactment of this Act.
       (2) Private entities.--Nothing in this section or the 
     amendments made by this section shall be construed to require 
     any private entity--
       (A) toto request assistance from the Secretary; or
       (B) that requested such assistance from the Secretary to 
     implement any measure or recommendation suggested by the 
     Secretary.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1808. Mr. COONS (for himself, Ms. Collins, Mrs. Capito, and Ms. 
Klobuchar) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the 
bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

                    TITLE __--SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY

     SEC. __1. NATIONAL COORDINATING ENTITY FOR SUSTAINABLE 
                   CHEMISTRY.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this title, the Director of the Office of 
     Science and Technology Policy shall convene an interagency 
     entity (referred to in this title as the ``Entity'') under 
     the National Science and Technology Council with the 
     responsibility to coordinate Federal programs and activities 
     in support of sustainable chemistry, including those 
     described in sections __3 and __4.
       (b) Coordination With Existing Groups.--In convening the 
     Entity, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy shall consider overlap and possible coordination with 
     existing committees, subcommittees, or other groups of the 
     National Science and Technology Council, such as--
       (1) the Committee on Environment;
       (2) the Committee on Technology;
       (3) the Committee on Science; or
       (4) related groups or subcommittees.
       (c) Co-chairs.--The Entity shall be co-chaired by the 
     Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a 
     representative from the Environmental Protection Agency, the 
     National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National 
     Science Foundation, or the Department of Energy, as selected 
     by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy.
       (d) Agency Participation.--The Entity shall include 
     representatives, including subject matter experts, from the 
     Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, 
     the Department of Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the 
     Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, the 
     Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug 
     Administration, and other related Federal agencies, as 
     appropriate.

[[Page S3331]]

       (e) Termination.--The Entity shall terminate on the date 
     that is 10 years after the date of enactment of this title.

     SEC. __2. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

       (a) Strategic Plan.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
     of enactment of this title, the Entity shall--
       (1) consult with relevant stakeholders, including 
     representatives from industry, academia, national labs, the 
     Federal Government, and international entities, to develop 
     and update, as needed, a consensus definition of 
     ``sustainable chemistry'' to guide the activities under this 
     title;
       (2) develop a working framework of attributes 
     characterizing and metrics for assessing sustainable 
     chemistry, as described in subsection (b);
       (3) assess the state of sustainable chemistry in the United 
     States as a key benchmark from which progress under the 
     activities described in this title can be measured, including 
     assessing key sectors of the United States economy, key 
     technology platforms, commercial priorities, and barriers to 
     innovation;
       (4) coordinate and support Federal research, development, 
     demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, 
     education, and training efforts in sustainable chemistry, 
     including budget coordination and support for public-private 
     partnerships, as appropriate;
       (5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, and 
     opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating the 
     development of incentives for development, consideration and 
     use of sustainable chemistry processes and products;
       (6) identify major scientific challenges, roadblocks, or 
     hurdles to transformational progress in improving the 
     sustainability of the chemical sciences; and
       (7) review, identify, and make effort to eliminate 
     duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal research 
     in sustainable chemistry.
       (b) Characterizing and Assessing Sustainable Chemistry.--
     The Entity shall develop a working framework of attributes 
     characterizing and metrics for assessing sustainable 
     chemistry for the purposes of carrying out the title. In 
     developing this framework, the Entity shall--
       (1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as described in 
     subsection (c);
       (2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
     characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
     chemistry already in use at Federal agencies;
       (3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
     characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
     chemistry already in use by international organizations of 
     which the United States is a member, such as the Organisation 
     for Economic Co-operation and Development; and
       (4) consider any other appropriate existing definitions of, 
     or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, 
     sustainable chemistry.
       (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
     subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with 
     stakeholders qualified to provide advice and information to 
     guide Federal activities related to sustainable chemistry 
     through workshops, requests for information, or other 
     mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall include 
     representatives from--
       (1) business and industry (including trade associations and 
     small- and medium-sized enterprises from across the value 
     chain);
       (2) the scientific community (including the National 
     Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, scientific 
     professional societies, national labs, and academia);
       (3) the defense community;
       (4) State, tribal, and local governments, including 
     nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry 
     programs, as appropriate;
       (5) nongovernmental organizations; and
       (6) other appropriate organizations.
       (d) Report to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Entity shall submit a report to 
     the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee 
     on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the Committee 
     on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee on 
     Science, Space, and Technology, the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives. In addition to the elements described in 
     subsections (a) and (b), the report shall include--
       (A) a summary of federally funded, sustainable chemistry 
     research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
     commercialization, education, and training activities;
       (B) a summary of the financial resources allocated to 
     sustainable chemistry initiatives by each participating 
     agency;
       (C) an assessment of the current state of sustainable 
     chemistry in the United States, including the role that 
     Federal agencies are playing in supporting it;
       (D) an analysis of the progress made toward achieving the 
     goals and priorities of this Act, and recommendations for 
     future program activities;
       (E) an evaluation of steps taken and future strategies to 
     avoid duplication of efforts, streamline interagency 
     coordination, facilitate information sharing, and spread best 
     practices among participating agencies; and
       (F) an evaluation of duplicative Federal funding and 
     duplicative Federal research in sustainable chemistry, 
     efforts undertaken by the Entity to eliminate duplicative 
     funding and research, and recommendations on how to achieve 
     these goals.
       (2) Submission to gao.--The Entity shall also submit the 
     report described in paragraph (1) to the Comptroller General 
     of the United States for consideration in future 
     Congressional inquiries.
       (3) Additional reports.--The Entity shall submit a report 
     to Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States 
     that incorporates the information described in subparagraphs 
     (A), (B), (D), (E), and (F) of paragraph (1) every 3 years, 
     commencing after the initial report is submitted until the 
     Entity terminates.

     SEC. __3. AGENCY ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF SUSTAINABLE 
                   CHEMISTRY.

       (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity 
     shall carry out activities in support of sustainable 
     chemistry, as appropriate to the specific mission and 
     programs of each agency.
       (b) Activities.--The activities described in subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) incorporate sustainable chemistry into existing 
     research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
     commercialization, education, and training programs, that the 
     agency determines to be relevant, including consideration 
     of--
       (A) merit-based competitive grants to individual 
     investigators and teams of investigators, including, to the 
     extent practicable, early career investigators for research 
     and development;
       (B) grants to fund collaborative research and development 
     partnerships among universities, industry, and nonprofit 
     organizations;
       (C) coordination of sustainable chemistry research, 
     development, demonstration, and technology transfer conducted 
     at Federal laboratories and agencies;
       (D) incentive prize competitions and challenges in 
     coordination with such existing Federal agency programs; and
       (E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to aid in the 
     technology transfer and commercialization of sustainable 
     chemicals, materials, processes, and products;
       (2) collect and disseminate information on sustainable 
     chemistry research, development, technology transfer, and 
     commercialization, including information on accomplishments 
     and best practices;
       (3) expand the education and training of students at 
     appropriate levels of education, professional scientists and 
     engineers, and other professionals involved in all aspects of 
     sustainable chemistry and engineering appropriate to that 
     level of education and training, including through--
       (A) partnerships with industry as described in section __4;
       (B) support for the integration of sustainable chemistry 
     principles into chemistry and chemical engineering curriculum 
     and research training, as appropriate to that level of 
     education and training; and
       (C) support for integration of sustainable chemistry 
     principles into existing or new professional development 
     opportunities for professionals including teachers, faculty, 
     and individuals involved in laboratory research (product 
     development, materials specification and testing, life cycle 
     analysis, and management);
       (4) as relevant to an agency's programs, examine methods by 
     which the Federal agencies, in collaboration and consultation 
     with the National Institute of Standards and Technology, may 
     facilitate the development or recognition of validated, 
     standardized tools for performing sustainability assessments 
     of chemistry processes or products;
       (5) through programs identified by an agency, support 
     (including through technical assistance, participation, 
     financial support, communications tools, awards, or other 
     forms of support) outreach and dissemination of sustainable 
     chemistry advances such as non-Federal symposia, forums, 
     conferences, and publications in collaboration with, as 
     appropriate, industry, academia, scientific and professional 
     societies, and other relevant groups;
       (6) provide for public input and outreach to be integrated 
     into the activities described in this section by the 
     convening of public discussions, through mechanisms such as 
     public meetings, consensus conferences, and educational 
     events, as appropriate;
       (7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to track 
     the outputs and outcomes of the programs supported by that 
     agency; and
       (8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance 
     sustainable chemistry products, processes, or initiatives, 
     including through the establishment of a nationally 
     recognized awards program through the Environmental 
     Protection Agency to identify, publicize, and celebrate 
     innovations in sustainable chemistry and chemical 
     technologies.
       (c) Limitations .--Financial support provided under this 
     section shall--
       (1) be available only for pre-competitive activities; and
       (2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific product, 
     process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, 
     process, or technology.

     SEC. __4. PARTNERSHIPS IN SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

       (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity 
     may facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or 
     other assistance, the creation of partnerships between 
     institutions of higher education, nongovernmental 
     organizations, consortia, or companies across the value chain 
     in the

[[Page S3332]]

     chemical industry, including small- and medium-sized 
     enterprises, to--
       (1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry research, 
     development, demonstration, technology transfer, and 
     commercialization programs; and
       (2) train students and retrain professional scientists, 
     engineers, and others involved in materials specification on 
     the use of sustainable chemistry concepts and strategies by 
     methods, including--
       (A) developing or recognizing curricular materials and 
     courses for undergraduate and graduate levels and for the 
     professional development of scientists, engineers, and others 
     involved in materials specification; and
       (B) publicizing the availability of professional 
     development courses in sustainable chemistry and recruiting 
     professionals to pursue such courses.
       (b) Private Sector Participation.--To be eligible for 
     support under this section, a partnership in sustainable 
     chemistry shall include at least one private sector 
     organization.
       (c) Selection of Partnerships.--In selecting partnerships 
     for support under this section, the agencies participating in 
     the Entity shall also consider the extent to which the 
     applicants are willing and able to demonstrate evidence of 
     support for, and commitment to, the goals outlined in the 
     strategic plan and report described in section __2.
       (d) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Financial support provided 
     under this section may not be used--
       (1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical management 
     program at an implementing agency under a State law;
       (2) to construct or renovate a building or structure; or
       (3) to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or 
     technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or 
     technology.

     SEC. __5. PRIORITIZATION.

       In carrying out this Act, the Entity shall focus its 
     support for sustainable chemistry activities on those that 
     achieve, to the highest extent practicable, the goals 
     outlined in the title.

     SEC. __6. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

       Nothing in this title shall be construed to alter or amend 
     any State law or action with regard to sustainable chemistry, 
     as defined by the State.

     SEC. __7. MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.

       Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1862s-2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Major multi-user research facility project.--The term 
     `major multi-user research facility project' means a science 
     and engineering facility project that exceeds $100,000,000 in 
     total construction, acquisition, or upgrade costs to the 
     Foundation.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1809. Mr. HAWLEY (for Mr. Lankford) proposed an amendment to the 
bill S. 2163, to establish the Commission on the Social Status of Black 
Men and Boys, to study and make recommendations to address social 
problems affecting Black men and boys, and for other purposes; as 
follows:

       At the end of section 2, add the following:
       (c) Membership by Political Party.--If after the Commission 
     is appointed there is a partisan imbalance of Commission 
     members, the congressional leaders of the political party 
     with fewer members on the Commission shall jointly name 
     additional members to create partisan parity on the 
     Commission.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1810. Mr. TOOMEY (for Mr. Lee (for himself and Mr. Durbin)) 
proposed an amendment to the resolution S. Res. 579, encouraging the 
international community to remain committed to collaboration and 
coordination to mitigate and prevent the further spread of COVID-19 and 
urging renewed United States leadership and participation in global 
efforts on therapeutics and vaccine development and delivery to address 
COVID-19 and prevent further deaths, and for other purposes; as 
follows:

       Strike all after the resolving clause and insert the 
     following: ``That the Senate--
       (1) recognizes the historic leadership role of the United 
     States in stemming global health crises in the past;
       (2) commends the historic achievements of the international 
     community to address global public health threats, such as 
     the eradication of smallpox and dramatic progress in reducing 
     cases of polio;
       (3) encourages the international community to remain 
     committed to collaboration and coordination to mitigate and 
     prevent the further spread of COVID-19;
       (4) commends the promising research and development 
     underway to develop COVID-19 diagnostics, therapies, and 
     vaccines within the United States and with support from the 
     Federal government, public-private partnerships, and 
     commercial partners;
       (5) acknowledges the vast international research enterprise 
     and collaboration underway to study an expansive range of 
     drug and vaccine candidates;
       (6) urges renewed United States leadership and 
     participation in global efforts on therapeutics and vaccine 
     development and delivery to address COVID-19 and prevent 
     further American deaths; and
       (7) calls on the United States Government to strengthen 
     collaboration with key partners at the forefront of 
     responding to COVID-19.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1811. Mr. TOOMEY (for Mr. Lee (for himself and Mr. Durbin)) 
proposed an amendment to the resolution S. Res. 579, encouraging the 
international community to remain committed to collaboration and 
coordination to mitigate and prevent the further spread of COVID-19 and 
urging renewed United States leadership and participation in global 
efforts on therapeutics and vaccine development and delivery to address 
COVID-19 and prevent further deaths, and for other purposes; as 
follows:

       Strike the preamble and insert the following:
       Whereas there is a rich history of coordinated global 
     health collaboration and coordination, dating back to 1851, 
     to strategically and effectively combat deadly diseases of 
     the time, such as the spread of plague;
       Whereas the United States has long been an active and 
     critical leader in such global public health efforts, 
     providing financial and technical support to multilateral 
     institutions, foreign governments, and nongovernmental 
     organizations;
       Whereas international collaboration has led to a number of 
     historic global health achievements, including the 
     eradication of smallpox, the reduction of polio cases by 99 
     percent, the elimination of river blindness, the decline in 
     maternal and child mortality, the recognition of tobacco use 
     as a health hazard, and countless others;
       Whereas there has been bipartisan support in the United 
     States to lead efforts to address global health needs, as 
     evidenced by initiatives such as the President's Emergency 
     Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the President's Malaria 
     Initiative;
       Whereas the United States led the global effort to end the 
     Ebola outbreak in West Africa between 2014 and 2016;
       Whereas these bipartisan investments in global health have 
     helped not only save countless lives around the world, but 
     also at home in the United States;
       Whereas an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) 
     in Wuhan, China was first reported in December 2019, with a 
     global pandemic declaration by the World Health Organization 
     on March 11, 2020;
       Whereas, according to the Centers for Disease Control and 
     Protection, more than 116,000 individuals in the United 
     States are known to have died due to COVID-19 as of June 17, 
     2020, and a long-term, sustainable solution will require 
     international access to a vaccine;
       Whereas the COVID-19 outbreak continues to place extreme 
     pressure on health care systems and supply chains worldwide, 
     impacting international travel, trade, and all other aspects 
     of international exchanges, and requires a coordinated global 
     effort to respond;
       Whereas the interconnectivity of our globalized world means 
     an infectious disease can travel around the world in as 
     little as 36 hours;
       Whereas United States Federal departments and agencies have 
     engaged in and supported certain research and clinical trial 
     efforts into coronaviruses, which may yield potential 
     discoveries related to vaccine candidates;
       Whereas domestic and domestically supported vaccine 
     candidates for COVID-19 comprise approximately 40 percent of 
     the current potential COVID-19 vaccine candidates worldwide;
       Whereas international collaboration and coordination can 
     help ensure equitable access to safe, effective, and 
     affordable therapeutics and vaccines, thereby saving the 
     lives of Americans and others around the world;
       Whereas the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations 
     is working to accelerate the development of vaccines against 
     emerging infectious diseases, including COVID-19, and to 
     enable equitable access to these vaccines for people during 
     outbreaks;
       Whereas, on May 4, 2020, the President of the European 
     Commission led a virtual summit where nations around the 
     world pledged more than $8,000,000,000 to quickly develop 
     vaccines and treatment to fight COVID-19;
       Whereas Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, is working to maintain 
     ongoing immunization programs in partner countries while 
     helping to identify and rapidly accelerate the development, 
     production, and equitable delivery of COVID-19 vaccines; and
       Whereas, on June 4, 2020, the United Kingdom hosted a 
     pledging conference for Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, for which 
     the United States made an historic $1,160,000,000 multi-year 
     commitment: Now, therefore, be it
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1812. Mr. TOOMEY (for Mr. Lee (for himself and Mr. Durbin)) 
proposed an amendment to the resolution S. Res. 579, encouraging the 
international community to remain committed to collaboration and 
coordination to mitigate and prevent the further spread of COVID-19 and 
urging renewed United States leadership and participation in global 
efforts on therapeutics and vaccine development and delivery to address 
COVID-19 and prevent further deaths, and for other purposes; as 
follows:


[[Page S3333]]


  

       Amend the title so as to read: ``A resolution encouraging 
     the international community to remain committed to 
     collaboration and coordination to mitigate and prevent the 
     further spread of COVID-19 and urging renewed United States 
     leadership and participation in global efforts on 
     therapeutics and vaccine development and delivery to address 
     COVID-19 and prevent further deaths, and for other 
     purposes.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1813. Mr. GRAHAM submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 1242. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE IMPORTANCE OF GERMANY TO 
                   THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION ALLIANCE 
                   AND THE UNITED STATES AND ON THE CRITICAL 
                   REQUIREMENTS TO MAINTAIN ROBUST UNITED STATES 
                   MILITARY FORCES IN GERMANY.

       (a) Findings.--The Senate makes the following findings:
       (1) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance 
     is a groundbreaking political and military alliance that 
     ensures freedom and democracy through shared values for all 
     30 member states of the alliance.
       (2) NATO continues to expand, with its newest member, North 
     Macedonia, joining in 2020, showing the continued desire by 
     European nations to join the alliance.
       (3) Germany is a longtime member and a strong ally within 
     NATO and a great friend to the United States.
       (4) While all NATO member nations contribute critical 
     capabilities to the alliance, the Senate encourages all 
     allies within NATO to reach the goal of spending a minimum of 
     2.0 percent of their Gross Domestic Product on defense 
     spending as soon as possible to strengthen the alliance even 
     more.
       (5) Germany currently spends roughly 1.54 percent of its 
     Gross Domestic Product on defense. As the strongest economy 
     in Europe, the Senate urges Germany to expedite its timeline 
     to meet the 2.0 percent NATO goal.
       (6) On March 15, 1967, Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany, was 
     selected as the permanent location for the headquarters of 
     the United States European Command.
       (7) Since its inception, the United States European Command 
     has supported more than 200 named operations and has deployed 
     forces in support of operations and training throughout 
     Europe, Southwest Asia, and Israel.
       (8) On October 1, 2008, the United States established the 
     United States Africa Command in Stuttgart, Germany.
       (9) The United States has approximately 35,000 troops 
     stationed within Germany supporting operations for two United 
     States combatant commands and the NATO alliance.
       (10) The presence of United States military forces in 
     Germany is a strong deterrent against Russian aggression in 
     Europe and strengthens the capability of NATO.
       (11) Germany is one of the Unites States' closest and 
     strongest European allies with both countries sharing common 
     trading partners, institutions, and friendships.
       (b) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that 
     Germany--
       (1) continues to be a strong ally to the NATO alliance and 
     a great friend to the United States;
       (2) serves as a strategic location for United States 
     military forces that serve as a strong deterrent against 
     Russian military aggression and expansion within Europe; and
       (3) remains a vital political, economic, and security 
     partner which is critical to our continued prosperity and 
     stability.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1814. Mr. RUBIO (for himself and Mr. Warner) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. SECURE AND TRUSTED TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate;
       (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       (C) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (D) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
     of the Senate;
       (F) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       (G) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives;
       (H) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (I) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (J) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (K) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (L) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Fifth-generation wireless network.--The term ``fifth-
     generation wireless network'' means a radio network as 
     described by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 
     Release 15 or higher.
       (b) Supporting the Development and Adoption of Secure and 
     Trusted Technologies Among Intelligence Allies and 
     Partners.--
       (1) Communications technology security and innovation 
     fund.--
       (A) Establishment of fund.--
       (i) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of 
     the United States a fund to be known as the ``Communications 
     Technology Security and Innovation Fund'' (referred to in 
     this paragraph as the ``Security Fund'').
       (ii) Administration.--The Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall administer the 
     Security Fund.
       (iii) Contents of fund.--

       (I) In general.--The fund shall consist of--

       (aa) amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
     appropriations under paragraph (3)(A); and
       (bb) such other amounts as may be appropriated or otherwise 
     made available to the Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity to be deposited in the Security 
     Fund.

       (II) Availability.--

       (aa) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Security Fund 
     shall remain available through the end of the tenth fiscal 
     year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (bb) Remainder to treasury.--Any amounts remaining in the 
     Security Fund after the end of the tenth fiscal year 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act shall 
     be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury.
       (iv) Use of amounts.--Amounts deposited in the Security 
     Fund shall be available to the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity to award grants under 
     subparagraph (B).
       (B) Grants.--
       (i) In general.--The Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity shall award grants to support 
     research and the commercial application of such research, 
     including in the following areas:

       (I) Promoting the development of technology, including 
     software, hardware, and microprocessing technology, that will 
     enhance competitiveness in fifth-generation (commonly known 
     as ``5G'') and successor wireless technology supply chains.
       (II) Accelerating development and deployment of open 
     interface, standards-based compatible interoperable 
     equipment, such as equipment developed pursuant to the 
     standards set forth by organizations such as the O-RAN 
     Alliance, the Telecom Infra Project, 3GPP, the O-RAN Software 
     Community, or any successor organizations.
       (III) Promoting compatibility of new fifth-generation 
     wireless network equipment with future open standards-based 
     interoperable equipment.
       (IV) Managing integration of multivendor network 
     environments.
       (V) Objective criteria to define equipment as compliant 
     with open standards for multivendor network equipment 
     interoperability.
       (VI) Promoting development and inclusion of security 
     features enhancing the integrity and availability of 
     equipment in multivendor networks.
       (VII) Promoting the application of network function 
     virtualization to facilitate multivendor interoperability and 
     a more diverse vendor market.

       (ii) Amount.--

       (I) In general.--Subject to subclause (II), a grant awarded 
     under clause (i) shall be in such amount as the Director of 
     the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity consider 
     appropriate.
       (II) Limitation on grant amounts.--The amount of a grant 
     awarded under this paragraph to a recipient for a specific 
     research focus area may not exceed $100,000,000.

       (iii) Criteria.--The Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
     Communications and Information, the Director of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, shall establish criteria for grants 
     awarded under clause (i).
       (iv) Timing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall begin awarding 
     grants under clause (i).
       (C) Federal advisory body.--
       (i) Establishment.--The Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall establish a Federal 
     advisory committee, in accordance with the Federal Advisory 
     Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), composed of government and 
     private sector experts, to advise the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity on the 
     administration of the Security Fund.
       (ii) Composition.--The advisory committee established under 
     clause (i) shall be composed of--

[[Page S3334]]

       (I) representatives from--

       (aa) the Federal Communications Commission;
       (bb) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
       (cc) the Department of Defense;
       (dd) the Department of State;
       (ee) the National Science Foundation; and
       (ff) the Department of Homeland Security; and

       (II) other representatives from the private and public 
     sectors, at the discretion of the Security Fund.

       (iii) Duties.--The advisory committee established under 
     clause (i) shall advise the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity on technology 
     developments to help inform--

       (I) the strategic direction of the Security Fund; and
       (II) efforts of the Federal Government to promote a more 
     secure, diverse, sustainable, and competitive supply chain.

       (D) Reports to congress.--
       (i) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity shall submit 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a report with--

       (I) additional recommendations on promoting the 
     competitiveness and sustainability of trusted suppliers in 
     the wireless supply chain; and
       (II) any additional authorities needed to facilitate the 
     timely adoption of open standards-based equipment, including 
     authority to provide loans, loan guarantees, and other forms 
     of credit extension that would maximize the use of designated 
     funds.

       (ii) Annual report.--For each fiscal year for which amounts 
     in the Security Fund are available under this paragraph, the 
     Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects 
     Activity shall submit to Congress a report that--

       (I) describes how, and to whom, grants have been awarded 
     under subparagraph (B);
       (II) details the progress of the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity in meeting 
     the objectives described in subparagraph (B)(i); and
       (III) includes such other information as the Director of 
     the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity 
     determine appropriate.

       (2) Multilateral telecommunications security fund.--
       (A) Establishment of fund.--
       (i) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of 
     the United States a fund to be known as the ``Multilateral 
     Telecommunications Security Fund'' (in this section referred 
     to as the ``Multilateral Fund'').
       (ii) Administration.--The Director of National Intelligence 
     and the Secretary of Defense shall jointly administer the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (iii) Use of amounts.--Amounts in the Multilateral Fund 
     shall be used to establish the common funding mechanism 
     required by subparagraph (B).
       (iv) Contents of fund.--

       (I) In general.--The Multilateral Fund shall consist of 
     amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
     appropriations under paragraph (3)(B) and such other amounts 
     as may be appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
     Director and the Secretary to be deposited in the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (II) Availability.--

       (aa) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Multilateral 
     Fund shall remain available through fiscal year 2031.
       (bb) Remainder to treasury.--Any amounts remaining in the 
     Fund after fiscal year 2031 shall be deposited in the General 
     Fund of the Treasury.
       (B) Multilateral common funding mechanism.--
       (i) In general.--The Director and the Secretary shall 
     jointly, in coordination with foreign partners, establish a 
     common funding mechanism that uses amounts from the 
     Multilateral Fund to support the development and adoption of 
     secure and trusted telecommunications technologies in key 
     markets globally.
       (ii) Consultation required.--The Director and the Secretary 
     shall carry out clause (i) in consultation with the 
     following:

       (I) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (II) The Secretary of State.
       (III) The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
     Communications and Information.
       (IV) The Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research 
     Projects Activity.
       (V) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and 
     Technology.

       (C) Annual report to congress.--
       (i) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and not less frequently than once 
     each fiscal year thereafter until fiscal year 2031, the 
     Director and the Secretary shall jointly submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress an annual report on the 
     Multilateral Fund and the use of amounts under subparagraph 
     (B).
       (ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the fiscal year covered by the report, the 
     following:

       (I) Any funding commitments from foreign partners, 
     including each specific amount committed.
       (II) Governing criteria for use of the amounts in the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (III) An account of--

       (aa) how, and to whom, funds have been deployed;
       (bb) amounts remaining in the Multilateral Fund; and
       (cc) the progress of the Director and the Secretary in 
     meeting the objective described in subparagraph (B)(i).

       (IV) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Director and the Secretary may have to enhance 
     the effectiveness of the Multilateral Fund in achieving the 
     security goals of the United States.

       (3) Authorization of appropriations.--
       (A) Communications technology security and innovation 
     fund.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     paragraph (1) $750,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
     2021 through 2031.
       (B) Multilateral telecommunications security fund.--There 
     is authorized to be appropriated to carry out paragraph (2) 
     $750,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2021 through 
     2031.
       (c) Exposing Political Pressure in International Standards-
     setting Bodies That Set Standards for Fifth-generation 
     Wireless Networks.--
       (1) Report required.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on political pressure within international 
     forums that set standards for fifth-generation wireless 
     networks and for future generations of wireless networks, 
     including--
       (i) the International Telecommunication Union (ITU);
       (ii) the International Organization for Standardization 
     (ISO);
       (iii) the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission 
     (CITEL); and
       (iv) the voluntary standards organizations that develop 
     protocols for wireless devices and other equipment, such as 
     the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and the 
     Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
       (B) Form.--The report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (2) Consultation required.--The Director and the Secretary 
     shall carry out paragraph (1) in consultation with the 
     following:
       (A) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (B) The Secretary of State.
       (C) The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
     and Information.
       (D) The Secretary of Defense.
       (E) The Director of National Intelligence.
       (F) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and 
     Technology.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1815. Mr. RUBIO (for himself and Mr. Warner) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     DIVISION __--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.

                    TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 102. Classified Schedule of Authorizations.
Sec. 103. Intelligence Community Management Account.

 TITLE II--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

               TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
              law.
Sec. 303. Clarification of authorities and responsibilities of National 
              Manager for National Security Telecommunications and 
              Information Systems Security.
Sec. 304. Continuity of operations plans for certain elements of the 
              intelligence community in the case of a national 
              emergency.
Sec. 305. Application of Executive Schedule level III to position of 
              Director of National Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 306. National Intelligence University.
Sec. 307. Requiring facilitation of establishment of Social Media Data 
              and Threat Analysis Center.
Sec. 308. Data collection on attrition in intelligence community.
Sec. 309. Limitation on delegation of responsibility for program 
              management of information-sharing environment.
Sec. 310. Improvements to provisions relating to intelligence community 
              information technology environment.

[[Page S3335]]

Sec. 311. Requirements and authorities for Director of the Central 
              Intelligence Agency to improve education in science, 
              technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics.

    Subtitle B--Reports and Assessments Pertaining to Intelligence 
                               Community

Sec. 321. Assessment by the Comptroller General of the United States on 
              efforts of the intelligence community and the Department 
              of Defense to identify and mitigate risks posed to the 
              intelligence community and the Department by the use of 
              direct-to-consumer genetic testing by the Government of 
              the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 322. Report on use by intelligence community of hiring 
              flexibilities and expedited human resources practices to 
              assure quality and diversity in the workforce of the 
              intelligence community.
Sec. 323. Report on signals intelligence priorities and requirements.
Sec. 324. Assessment of demand for student loan repayment program 
              benefit.
Sec. 325. Assessment of intelligence community demand for child care.
Sec. 326. Open source intelligence strategies and plans for the 
              intelligence community.

          TITLE IV--SECURITY CLEARANCES AND TRUSTED WORKFORCE

Sec. 401. Exclusivity, consistency, and transparency in security 
              clearance procedures, and right to appeal.
Sec. 402. Establishing process parity for security clearance 
              revocations.
Sec. 403. Federal policy on sharing of derogatory information 
              pertaining to contractor employees in the trusted 
              workforce.

                   TITLE V--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 501. Report on attempts by foreign adversaries to build 
              telecommunications and cybersecurity equipment and 
              services for, or to provide such equipment and services 
              to, certain allies of the United States.
Sec. 502. Report on threats posed by use by foreign governments and 
              entities of commercially available cyber intrusion and 
              surveillance technology.
Sec. 503. Reports on recommendations of the Cyberspace Solarium 
              Commission.
Sec. 504. Assessment of critical technology trends relating to 
              artificial intelligence, microchips, and semiconductors 
              and related supply chains.
Sec. 505. Combating Chinese influence operations in the United States 
              and strengthening civil liberties protections.
Sec. 506. Annual report on corrupt activities of senior officials of 
              the Chinese Communist Party.
Sec. 507. Report on corrupt activities of Russian and other Eastern 
              European oligarchs.
Sec. 508. Report on biosecurity risk and disinformation by the Chinese 
              Communist Party and the Government of the People's 
              Republic of China.
Sec. 509. Report on effect of lifting of United Nations arms embargo on 
              Islamic Republic of Iran.
Sec. 510. Report on Iranian activities relating to nuclear 
              nonproliferation.
Sec. 511. Sense of Congress on Third Option Foundation.

     DIVISION __--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021

     SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This division may be cited as the 
     ``Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this 
     division is as follows:

     SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

       In this division:
       (1) Congressional intelligence committees.--The term 
     ``congressional intelligence committees'' has the meaning 
     given such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).
       (2) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
     community'' has the meaning given such term in such section.

                    TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 for the conduct of the intelligence and 
     intelligence-related activities of the following elements of 
     the United States Government:
       (1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
       (2) The Central Intelligence Agency.
       (3) The Department of Defense.
       (4) The Defense Intelligence Agency.
       (5) The National Security Agency.
       (6) The Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, 
     and the Department of the Air Force.
       (7) The Coast Guard.
       (8) The Department of State.
       (9) The Department of the Treasury.
       (10) The Department of Energy.
       (11) The Department of Justice.
       (12) The Federal Bureau of Investigation.
       (13) The Drug Enforcement Administration.
       (14) The National Reconnaissance Office.
       (15) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
       (16) The Department of Homeland Security.

     SEC. 102. CLASSIFIED SCHEDULE OF AUTHORIZATIONS.

       (a) Specifications of Amounts.--The amounts authorized to 
     be appropriated under section 101 for the conduct of the 
     intelligence activities of the elements listed in paragraphs 
     (1) through (16) of section 101, are those specified in the 
     classified Schedule of Authorizations prepared to accompany 
     this division.
       (b) Availability of Classified Schedule of 
     Authorizations.--
       (1) Availability.--The classified Schedule of 
     Authorizations referred to in subsection (a) shall be made 
     available to the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, 
     the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives, and to the President.
       (2) Distribution by the president.--Subject to paragraph 
     (3), the President shall provide for suitable distribution of 
     the classified Schedule of Authorizations referred to in 
     subsection (a), or of appropriate portions of such Schedule, 
     within the executive branch of the Federal Government.
       (3) Limits on disclosure.--The President shall not publicly 
     disclose the classified Schedule of Authorizations or any 
     portion of such Schedule except--
       (A) as provided in section 601(a) of the Implementing 
     Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (50 U.S.C. 
     3306(a));
       (B) to the extent necessary to implement the budget; or
       (C) as otherwise required by law.

     SEC. 103. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT ACCOUNT.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated for the Intelligence Community Management 
     Account of the Director of National Intelligence for fiscal 
     year 2021 the sum of $731,200,000.
       (b) Classified Authorization of Appropriations.--In 
     addition to amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Intelligence Community Management Account by subsection (a), 
     there are authorized to be appropriated for the Intelligence 
     Community Management Account for fiscal year 2021 such 
     additional amounts as are specified in the classified 
     Schedule of Authorizations referred to in section 102(a).

 TITLE II--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       There is authorized to be appropriated for the Central 
     Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund 
     $514,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.

               TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

     SEC. 301. RESTRICTION ON CONDUCT OF INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.

       The authorization of appropriations by this division shall 
     not be deemed to constitute authority for the conduct of any 
     intelligence activity which is not otherwise authorized by 
     the Constitution or the laws of the United States.

     SEC. 302. INCREASE IN EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS 
                   AUTHORIZED BY LAW.

       Appropriations authorized by this division for salary, pay, 
     retirement, and other benefits for Federal employees may be 
     increased by such additional or supplemental amounts as may 
     be necessary for increases in such compensation or benefits 
     authorized by law.

     SEC. 303. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 
                   OF NATIONAL MANAGER FOR NATIONAL SECURITY 
                   TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS 
                   SECURITY.

       In carrying out the authorities and responsibilities of the 
     National Manager for National Security Telecommunications and 
     Information Systems Security under National Security 
     Directive 42 (signed by the President on July 5, 1990), the 
     National Manager shall not supervise, oversee, or execute, 
     either directly or indirectly, any aspect of the National 
     Intelligence Program.

     SEC. 304. CONTINUITY OF OPERATIONS PLANS FOR CERTAIN ELEMENTS 
                   OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY IN THE CASE OF A 
                   NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

       (a) Definition of Covered National Emergency.--In this 
     section, the term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
     following:
       (1) A major disaster declared by the President under 
     section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and 
     Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170).
       (2) An emergency declared by the President under section 
     501 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
     Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5191).
       (3) A national emergency declared by the President under 
     the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.).
       (4) A public health emergency declared under section 319 of 
     the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
       (b) In General.--The Director of National Intelligence, the 
     Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of 
     the National Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the 
     Defense Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National 
     Security Agency, and the

[[Page S3336]]

     Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency shall 
     each establish continuity of operations plans for use in the 
     case of covered national emergencies for the element of the 
     intelligence community concerned.
       (c) Submission to Congress.--
       (1) Director of national intelligence and director of the 
     central intelligence agency.--Not later than 7 days after the 
     date on which a covered national emergency is declared, the 
     Director of National Intelligence and the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency shall each submit to the 
     congressional intelligence committees the plan established 
     under subsection (b) for that emergency for the element of 
     the intelligence community concerned.
       (2) Director of national reconnaissance office, director of 
     defense intelligence agency, director of national security 
     agency, and director of national geospatial-intelligence 
     agency.--Not later than 7 days after the date on which a 
     covered national emergency is declared, the Director of the 
     National Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security 
     Agency, and the Director of the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency shall each submit the plan established 
     under subsection (b) for that emergency for the element of 
     the intelligence community concerned to the following:
       (A) The congressional intelligence committees.
       (B) The Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
       (C) The Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (d) Updates.--During a covered national emergency, the 
     Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National 
     Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security 
     Agency, and the Director of the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency shall each submit any updates to the 
     plans submitted under subsection (c)--
       (1) in accordance with that subsection; and
       (2) in a timely manner consistent with section 501 of the 
     National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091).

     SEC. 305. APPLICATION OF EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE LEVEL III TO 
                   POSITION OF DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE 
                   OFFICE.

       Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``Director of the National Reconnaissance Office.''.

     SEC. 306. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE UNIVERSITY.

       (a) In General.--Title X of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3191 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:

             ``Subtitle D--National Intelligence University

     ``SEC. 1031. TRANSFER DATE.

       ``In this subtitle, the term `transfer date' means the date 
     on which the National Intelligence University is transferred 
     from the Defense Intelligence Agency to the Director of 
     National Intelligence under section 5324(a) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92).

     ``SEC. 1032. DEGREE-GRANTING AUTHORITY.

       ``(a) In General.--Beginning on the transfer date, under 
     regulations prescribed by the Director of National 
     Intelligence, the President of the National Intelligence 
     University may, upon the recommendation of the faculty of the 
     University, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who 
     meet the degree requirements.
       ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this 
     section unless--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
     of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing 
     Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
       ``(2) the University is accredited by the appropriate 
     academic accrediting agency or organization to award the 
     degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
       ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--
       ``(1) Actions on nonaccreditation.--Beginning on the 
     transfer date, the Director shall promptly--
       ``(A) notify the congressional intelligence committees of 
     any action by the Middle States Commission on Higher 
     Education, or other appropriate academic accrediting agency 
     or organization, to not accredit the University to award any 
     new or existing degree; and
       ``(B) submit to such committees a report containing an 
     explanation of any such action.
       ``(2) Modification or redesignation of degree-granting 
     authority.--Beginning on the transfer date, upon any 
     modification or redesignation of existing degree-granting 
     authority, the Director shall submit to the congressional 
     intelligence committees a report containing--
       ``(A) the rationale for the proposed modification or 
     redesignation; and
       ``(B) any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of 
     Education with respect to the proposed modification or 
     redesignation.

     ``SEC. 1033. FACULTY MEMBERS; EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION.

       ``(a) Authority of Director.--Beginning on the transfer 
     date, the Director of National Intelligence may employ as 
     many professors, instructors, and lecturers at the National 
     Intelligence University as the Director considers necessary.
       ``(b) Compensation of Faculty Members.--The compensation of 
     persons employed under this section shall be as prescribed by 
     the Director.
       ``(c) Compensation Plan.--The Director shall provide each 
     person employed as a professor, instructor, or lecturer at 
     the University on the transfer date an opportunity to elect 
     to be paid under the compensation plan in effect on the day 
     before the transfer date (with no reduction in pay) or under 
     the authority of this section.

     ``SEC. 1034. ACCEPTANCE OF FACULTY RESEARCH GRANTS.

       ``The Director of National Intelligence may authorize the 
     President of the National Intelligence University to accept 
     qualifying research grants in the same manner and to the same 
     degree as the President of the National Defense University 
     under section 2165(e) of title 10, United States Code.

     ``SEC. 1035. CONTINUED APPLICABILITY OF THE FEDERAL ADVISORY 
                   COMMITTEE ACT TO THE BOARD OF VISITORS.

       ``The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall 
     continue to apply to the Board of Visitors of the National 
     Intelligence University on and after the transfer date.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5324 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)(C), by striking ``subsection 
     (e)(2)'' and inserting ``section 1032(b) of the National 
     Security Act of 1947'';
       (2) by striking subsections (e) and (f); and
       (3) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the 
     National Security Act of 1947 is amended by inserting after 
     the item relating to section 1024 the following:

             ``Subtitle D--National Intelligence University

``Sec. 1031. Transfer date.
``Sec. 1032. Degree-granting authority.
``Sec. 1033. Faculty members; employment and compensation.
``Sec. 1034. Acceptance of faculty research grants.
``Sec. 1035. Continued applicability of the Federal Advisory Committee 
              Act to the Board of Visitors.''.

     SEC. 307. REQUIRING FACILITATION OF ESTABLISHMENT OF SOCIAL 
                   MEDIA DATA AND THREAT ANALYSIS CENTER.

       (a) Requirement to Facilitate Establishment.--Subsection 
     (c)(1) of section 5323 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended, by 
     striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''.
       (b) Deadline to Facilitate Establishment.--Such subsection 
     is further amended by striking ``The Director'' and inserting 
     ``Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the 
     Director''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Reporting.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
       (A) in the matter before paragraph (1), by striking ``If 
     the Director'' and all that follows through ``the Center, 
     the'' and inserting ``The''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
       (2) Funding.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended by 
     striking ``fiscal year 2020 and 2021'' and inserting ``fiscal 
     year 2021 and 2022''.
       (3) Clerical.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Authority'' 
     and inserting ``Requirement''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), in the paragraph heading, by striking 
     ``Authority'' and inserting ``Requirement''.

     SEC. 308. DATA COLLECTION ON ATTRITION IN INTELLIGENCE 
                   COMMUNITY.

       (a) Standards for Data Collection.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall establish standards for collecting data 
     relating to attrition in the intelligence community workforce 
     across demographics, specialities, and length of service.
       (2) Inclusion of certain candidates.--The Director shall 
     include, in the standards established under paragraph (1), 
     standards for collecting data from candidates who accepted 
     conditional offers of employment but chose to withdraw from 
     the hiring process before entering into service, including 
     data with respect to the reasons such candidates chose to 
     withdraw.
       (b) Collection of Data.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, each element of the 
     intelligence community shall begin collecting data on 
     workforce and candidate attrition in accordance with the 
     standards established under subsection (a).
       (c) Annual Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
     Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on workforce and candidate attrition in 
     the intelligence community that includes--
       (1) the findings of the Director based on the data 
     collected under subsection (b);
       (2) recommendations for addressing any issues identified in 
     those findings; and

[[Page S3337]]

       (3) an assessment of timeliness in processing hiring 
     applications of individuals previously employed by an element 
     of the intelligence community, consistent with the Trusted 
     Workforce 2.0 initiative sponsored by the Security Clearance, 
     Suitability, and Credentialing Performance Accountability 
     Council.

     SEC. 309. LIMITATION ON DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
                   PROGRAM MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION-SHARING 
                   ENVIRONMENT.

       (a) In General.--Section 1016(b) of the Intelligence Reform 
     and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485(b)), as 
     amended by section 6402(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), 
     is further amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), in the matter before subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``Director of National Intelligence'' and 
     inserting ``President'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Director of National 
     Intelligence'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``President''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Delegation.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
     President may delegate responsibility for carrying out this 
     subsection.
       ``(B) Limitation.--The President may not delegate 
     responsibility for carrying out this subsection to the 
     Director of National Intelligence.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2020.

     SEC. 310. IMPROVEMENTS TO PROVISIONS RELATING TO INTELLIGENCE 
                   COMMUNITY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENVIRONMENT.

       Section 6312 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by striking 
     subsections (e) through (i) and inserting the following:
       ``(e) Long-term Roadmap.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2021, the Director of National Intelligence 
     shall develop and maintain a long-term roadmap for the 
     intelligence community information technology environment.
       ``(f) Business Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2021, the Director of National Intelligence 
     shall develop and maintain a business plan to implement the 
     long-term roadmap required by subsection (e).''.

     SEC. 311. REQUIREMENTS AND AUTHORITIES FOR DIRECTOR OF THE 
                   CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TO IMPROVE 
                   EDUCATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, 
                   ARTS, AND MATHEMATICS.

       The Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 (50 U.S.C. 3501 
     et seq.) is amended by adding the following:

     ``SEC. 24. IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
                   ENGINEERING, ARTS, AND MATHEMATICS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' includes 
     a department or agency of the Federal Government, a State, a 
     political subdivision of a State, an individual, and a not-
     for-profit or other organization in the private sector.
       ``(2) Educational institution.--The term `educational 
     institution' includes any public or private elementary school 
     or secondary school, institution of higher education, 
     college, university, or any other profit or nonprofit 
     institution that is dedicated to improving science, 
     technology, engineering, the arts, mathematics, business, 
     law, medicine, or other fields that promote development and 
     education relating to science, technology, engineering, the 
     arts, or mathematics.
       ``(3) State.--The term `State' means each of the several 
     States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
     Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and 
     any other territory or possession of the United States.
       ``(b) Requirements.--The Director shall, on a continuing 
     basis--
       ``(1) identify actions that the Director may take to 
     improve education in the scientific, technology, engineering, 
     arts, and mathematics (known as `STEAM') skills necessary to 
     meet the long-term national security needs of the United 
     States for personnel proficient in such skills; and
       ``(2) establish and conduct programs to carry out such 
     actions.
       ``(c) Authorities.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Director, in support of educational 
     programs in science, technology, engineering, the arts, and 
     mathematics, may--
       ``(A) award grants to eligible entities;
       ``(B) provide cash awards and other items to eligible 
     entities;
       ``(C) accept voluntary services from eligible entities;
       ``(D) support national competition judging, other 
     educational event activities, and associated award ceremonies 
     in connection with such educational programs; and
       ``(E) enter into one or more education partnership 
     agreements with educational institutions in the United States 
     for the purpose of encouraging and enhancing study in 
     science, technology, engineering, the arts, and mathematics 
     disciplines at all levels of education.
       ``(2) Education partnership agreements.--
       ``(A) Nature of assistance provided.--Under an education 
     partnership agreement entered into with an educational 
     institution under paragraph (1)(E), the Director may provide 
     assistance to the educational institution by--
       ``(i) loaning equipment to the educational institution for 
     any purpose and duration in support of such agreement that 
     the Director considers appropriate;
       ``(ii) making personnel available to teach science courses 
     or to assist in the development of science courses and 
     materials for the educational institution;
       ``(iii) providing sabbatical opportunities for faculty and 
     internship opportunities for students;
       ``(iv) involving faculty and students of the educational 
     institution in Agency projects, including research and 
     technology transfer or transition projects;
       ``(v) cooperating with the educational institution in 
     developing a program under which students may be given 
     academic credit for work on Agency projects, including 
     research and technology transfer for transition projects; and
       ``(vi) providing academic and career advice and assistance 
     to students of the educational institution.
       ``(B) Priorities.--In entering into education partnership 
     agreements under paragraph (1)(E), the Director shall 
     prioritize entering into education partnership agreements 
     with the following:
       ``(i) Historically Black colleges and universities and 
     other minority-serving institutions, as described in section 
     371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1067q(a)).
       ``(ii) Educational institutions serving women, members of 
     minority groups, and other groups of individuals who 
     traditionally are involved in the science, technology, 
     engineering, arts, and mathematics professions in 
     disproportionately low numbers.
       ``(d) Designation of Advisor.--The Director shall designate 
     one or more individuals within the Agency to advise and 
     assist the Director regarding matters relating to science, 
     technology, engineering, the arts, and mathematics education 
     and training.''.

    Subtitle B--Reports and Assessments Pertaining to Intelligence 
                               Community

     SEC. 321. ASSESSMENT BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES ON EFFORTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY 
                   AND THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO IDENTIFY AND 
                   MITIGATE RISKS POSED TO THE INTELLIGENCE 
                   COMMUNITY AND THE DEPARTMENT BY THE USE OF 
                   DIRECT-TO-CONSUMER GENETIC TESTING BY THE 
                   GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall assess the efforts of the intelligence 
     community and the Department of Defense to identify and 
     mitigate the risks posed to the intelligence community and 
     the Department by the use of direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing by the Government of the People's Republic of China.
       (b) Report Required.--
       (1) Definition of united states direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing company.--In this subsection, the term ``United 
     States direct-to-consumer genetic testing company'' means a 
     private entity that--
       (A) carries out direct-to-consumer genetic testing; and
       (B) is organized under the laws of the United States or any 
     jurisdiction within the United States.
       (2) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall 
     submit to Congress, including the congressional intelligence 
     committees, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, 
     and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives, a report on the assessment required by 
     subsection (a).
       (3) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (2) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of key national security risks and 
     vulnerabilities associated with direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing, including--
       (i) how the Government of the People's Republic of China 
     may be using data provided by personnel of the intelligence 
     community and the Department through direct-to-consumer 
     genetic tests; and
       (ii) how ubiquitous technical surveillance may amplify 
     those risks.
       (B) An assessment of the extent to which the intelligence 
     community and the Department have identified risks and 
     vulnerabilities posed by direct-to-consumer genetic testing 
     and have sought to mitigate such risks and vulnerabilities, 
     or have plans for such mitigation, including the extent to 
     which the intelligence community has determined--
       (i) in which United States direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing companies the Government of the People's Republic of 
     China or entities owned or controlled by the Government of 
     the People's Republic of China have an ownership interest; 
     and
       (ii) which United States direct-to-consumer genetic testing 
     companies may have sold data to the Government of the 
     People's Republic of China or entities owned or controlled by 
     the Government of the People's Republic of China.
       (C) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General may 
     have for action by the intelligence community and the 
     Department to improve the identification and mitigation of 
     risks and vulnerabilities posed by the use of direct-to-
     consumer genetic testing by the

[[Page S3338]]

     Government of the People's Republic of China.
       (4) Form.--The report required by paragraph (2) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Cooperation.--The heads of relevant elements of the 
     intelligence community and components of the Department 
     shall--
       (1) fully cooperate with the Comptroller General in 
     conducting the assessment required by subsection (a); and
       (2) provide any information and data required by the 
     Comptroller General to conduct the assessment.

     SEC. 322. REPORT ON USE BY INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY OF HIRING 
                   FLEXIBILITIES AND EXPEDITED HUMAN RESOURCES 
                   PRACTICES TO ASSURE QUALITY AND DIVERSITY IN 
                   THE WORKFORCE OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on how elements of the intelligence 
     community are exercising hiring flexibilities and expedited 
     human resources practices afforded under section 3326 of 
     title 5, United States Code, and subpart D of part 315 of 
     title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, or successor 
     regulation, to assure quality and diversity in the workforce 
     of the intelligence community.
       (b) Obstacles.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
     shall include identification of any obstacles encountered by 
     the intelligence community in exercising the authorities 
     described in such subsection.

     SEC. 323. REPORT ON SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE PRIORITIES AND 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on signals intelligence priorities and 
     requirements subject to Presidential Policy Directive 28.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     cover the following:
       (1) The implementation of the annual process for advising 
     the Director on signals intelligence priorities and 
     requirements described in section 3 of Presidential Policy 
     Directive 28.
       (2) The signals intelligence priorities and requirements as 
     of the most recent annual process.
       (3) The application of such priorities and requirements to 
     the signals intelligence collection efforts of the 
     intelligence community.
       (4) The contents of the classified annex referenced in 
     section 3 of Presidential Policy Directive 28.
       (c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 324. ASSESSMENT OF DEMAND FOR STUDENT LOAN REPAYMENT 
                   PROGRAM BENEFIT.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the head of each element of the 
     intelligence community shall--
       (1) calculate the number of personnel of that element who 
     qualify for a student loan repayment program benefit;
       (2) compare the number calculated under paragraph (1) to 
     the number of personnel who apply for such a benefit;
       (3) provide recommendations for how to structure such a 
     program to optimize participation and enhance the 
     effectiveness of the benefit as a retention tool, including 
     with respect to the amount of the benefit offered and the 
     length of time an employee receiving a benefit is required to 
     serve under a continuing service agreement; and
       (4) identify any shortfall in funds or authorities needed 
     to provide such a benefit.
       (b) Inclusion in Fiscal Year 2022 Budget Submission.--The 
     Director of National Intelligence shall include in the budget 
     justification materials submitted to Congress in support of 
     the budget for the intelligence community for fiscal year 
     2022 (as submitted with the budget of the President under 
     section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) a report on 
     the findings of the elements of the intelligence community 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 325. ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY DEMAND FOR 
                   CHILD CARE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence, in coordination with the heads of the elements 
     of the intelligence community specified in subsection (b), 
     shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a 
     report that includes--
       (1) a calculation of the total annual demand for child care 
     by employees of such elements, at or near the workplaces of 
     such employees, including a calculation of the demand for 
     early morning and evening child care;
       (2) an identification of any shortfall between the demand 
     calculated under paragraph (1) and the child care supported 
     by such elements as of the date of the report;
       (3) an assessment of options for addressing any such 
     shortfall, including options for providing child care at or 
     near the workplaces of employees of such elements;
       (4) an identification of the advantages, disadvantages, 
     security requirements, and costs associated with each such 
     option;
       (5) a plan to meet, by the date that is 5 years after the 
     date of the report--
       (A) the demand calculated under paragraph (1); or
       (B) an alternative standard established by the Director for 
     child care available to employees of such elements; and
       (6) an assessment of needs of specific elements of the 
     intelligence community, including any Government-provided 
     child care that could be collocated with a workplace of 
     employees of such an element and any available child care 
     providers in the proximity of such a workplace.
       (b) Elements Specified.--The elements of the intelligence 
     community specified in this subsection are the following:
       (1) The Central Intelligence Agency.
       (2) The National Security Agency.
       (3) The Defense Intelligence Agency.
       (4) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
       (5) The National Reconnaissance Office.
       (6) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

     SEC. 326. OPEN SOURCE INTELLIGENCE STRATEGIES AND PLANS FOR 
                   THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY.

       (a) Requirement for Survey and Evaluation of Customer 
     Feedback.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence, 
     in coordination with the head of each element of the 
     intelligence community, shall--
       (1) conduct a survey of the open source intelligence 
     requirements, goals, monetary and property investments, and 
     capabilities for each element of the intelligence community; 
     and
       (2) evaluate the usability and utility of the Open Source 
     Enterprise by soliciting customer feedback and evaluating 
     such feedback.
       (b) Requirement for Overall Strategy and for Intelligence 
     Community, Plan for Improving Usability of Open Source 
     Enterprise, and Risk Analysis of Creating Open Source 
     Center.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director, in coordination with the 
     head of each element of the intelligence community and using 
     the findings of the Director with respect to the survey 
     conducted under subsection (a), shall--
       (1) develop a strategy for open source intelligence 
     collection, analysis, and production that defines the 
     overarching goals, roles, responsibilities, and processes for 
     such collection, analysis, and production for the 
     intelligence community;
       (2) develop a plan for improving usability and utility of 
     the Open Source Enterprise based on the customer feedback 
     solicited under subsection (a)(2); and
       (3) conduct a risk and benefit analysis of creating an open 
     source center independent of any current intelligence 
     community element.
       (c) Requirement for Plan for Centralized Data Repository.--
     Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and using the findings of the Director with respect 
     to the survey and evaluation conducted under subsection (a), 
     the strategy and plan developed under subsection (b), and the 
     risk and benefit analysis conducted under such subsection, 
     the Director shall develop a plan for a centralized data 
     repository of open source intelligence that enables all 
     elements of the intelligence community--
       (1) to use such repository for their specific requirements; 
     and
       (2) to derive open source intelligence advantages.
       (d) Requirement for Cost-sharing Model.--Not later than 1 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act and using 
     the findings of the Director with respect to the survey and 
     evaluation conducted under subsection (a), the strategy and 
     plan developed under subsection (b), the risk and benefit 
     analysis conducted under such subsection, and the plan 
     developed under subsection (c), the Director shall develop a 
     cost-sharing model that leverages the open source 
     intelligence investments of each element of the intelligence 
     community for the beneficial use of the entire intelligence 
     community.
       (e) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of 
     National Intelligence, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the Defense Intelligence 
     Agency, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
     Agency, and the Director of the National Security Agency 
     shall jointly brief the congressional intelligence committees 
     on--
       (1) the strategy developed under paragraph (1) of 
     subsection (b);
       (2) the plan developed under paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection;
       (3) the plan developed under subsection (c); and
       (4) the cost-sharing model developed under subsection (d).

          TITLE IV--SECURITY CLEARANCES AND TRUSTED WORKFORCE

     SEC. 401. EXCLUSIVITY, CONSISTENCY, AND TRANSPARENCY IN 
                   SECURITY CLEARANCE PROCEDURES, AND RIGHT TO 
                   APPEAL.

       (a) Exclusivity of Procedures.--Section 801 of the National 
     Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3161) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(c) Exclusivity.--Except as provided in subsection (b) 
     and subject to sections 801A and 801B, the procedures 
     established pursuant to subsection (a) and promulgated and 
     set forth under subpart A of title 32, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, or successor regulations, shall be the exclusive 
     procedures by

[[Page S3339]]

     which decisions about eligibility for access to classified 
     information are governed.''.
       (b) Transparency.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(d) Publication.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this subsection, the President shall--
       ``(A) publish in the Federal Register the procedures 
     established pursuant to subsection (a); or
       ``(B) submit to Congress a certification that the 
     procedures currently in effect that govern access to 
     classified information as described in subsection (a)--
       ``(i) are published in the Federal Register; and
       ``(ii) comply with the requirements of subsection (a).
       ``(2) Updates.--Whenever the President makes a revision to 
     a procedure established pursuant to subsection (a), the 
     President shall publish such revision in the Federal Register 
     not later than 30 days before the date on which the revision 
     becomes effective.''.
       (c) Consistency.--
       (1) In general.--Title VIII of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3161 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
     section 801 the following:

     ``SEC. 801A. DECISIONS RELATING TO ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED 
                   INFORMATION.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Agency.--The term `agency' has the meaning given the 
     term `Executive agency' in section 105 of title 5, United 
     States Code.
       ``(2) Classified information.--The term `classified 
     information' includes sensitive compartmented information, 
     restricted data, restricted handling information, and other 
     compartmented information.
       ``(3) Eligibility for access to classified information.--
     The term `eligibility for access to classified information' 
     has the meaning given such term in the procedures established 
     pursuant to section 801(a).
       ``(b) In General.--Each head of an agency that makes a 
     determination regarding eligibility for access to classified 
     information shall ensure that in making the determination, 
     the head of the agency or any person acting on behalf of the 
     head of the agency--
       ``(1) does not violate any right or protection enshrined in 
     the Constitution of the United States, including rights 
     articulated in the First, Fifth, and Fourteenth Amendments;
       ``(2) does not discriminate for or against an individual on 
     the basis of race, ethnicity, color, religion, sex, national 
     origin, age, or handicap;
       ``(3) is not carrying out--
       ``(A) retaliation for political activities or beliefs; or
       ``(B) a coercion or reprisal described in section 
     2302(b)(3) of title 5, United States Code; and
       ``(4) does not violate section 3001(j)(1) of the 
     Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 
     U.S.C. 3341(j)(1)).''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in the 
     matter preceding section 2 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3002) is amended by inserting after the item 
     relating to section 801 the following:

``Sec. 801A. Decisions relating to access to classified information.''.
       (d) Right to Appeal.--
       (1) In general.--Such title, as amended by subsection (c), 
     is further amended by inserting after section 801A the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 801B. RIGHT TO APPEAL.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Agency.--The term `agency' has the meaning given the 
     term `Executive agency' in section 105 of title 5, United 
     States Code.
       ``(2) Covered person.--The term `covered person' means a 
     person, other than the President and Vice President, 
     currently or formerly employed in, detailed to, assigned to, 
     or issued an authorized conditional offer of employment for a 
     position that requires access to classified information by an 
     agency, including the following:
       ``(A) A member of the Armed Forces.
       ``(B) A civilian.
       ``(C) An expert or consultant with a contractual or 
     personnel obligation to an agency.
       ``(D) Any other category of person who acts for or on 
     behalf of an agency as determined by the head of the agency.
       ``(3) Eligibility for access to classified information.--
     The term `eligibility for access to classified information' 
     has the meaning given such term in the procedures established 
     pursuant to section 801(a).
       ``(4) Need for access.--The term `need for access' has such 
     meaning as the President may define in the procedures 
     established pursuant to section 801(a).
       ``(5) Reciprocity of clearance.--The term `reciprocity of 
     clearance', with respect to a denial by an agency, means that 
     the agency, with respect to a covered person--
       ``(A) failed to accept a security clearance background 
     investigation as required by paragraph (1) of section 3001(d) 
     of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
     2004 (50 U.S.C. 3341(d));
       ``(B) failed to accept a transferred security clearance 
     background investigation required by paragraph (2) of such 
     section;
       ``(C) subjected the covered person to an additional 
     investigative or adjudicative requirement in violation of 
     paragraph (3) of such section; or
       ``(D) conducted an investigation in violation of paragraph 
     (4) of such section.
       ``(6) Security executive agent.--The term `Security 
     Executive Agent' means the officer serving as the Security 
     Executive Agent pursuant to section 803.
       ``(b) Agency Review.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2021, each head of an agency shall, consistent 
     with the interest of national security, establish and publish 
     in the Federal Register a process by which a covered person 
     to whom eligibility for access to classified information was 
     denied or revoked by the agency or for whom reciprocity of 
     clearance was denied by the agency can appeal that denial or 
     revocation within the agency.
       ``(2) Elements.--The process required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       ``(A) In the case of a covered person to whom eligibility 
     for access to classified information or reciprocity of 
     clearance is denied or revoked by an agency, the following:
       ``(i) The head of the agency shall provide the covered 
     person with a written--

       ``(I) detailed explanation of the basis for the denial or 
     revocation as the head of the agency determines is consistent 
     with the interests of national security and as permitted by 
     other applicable provisions of law; and
       ``(II) notice of the right of the covered person to a 
     hearing and appeal under this subsection.

       ``(ii) Not later than 30 days after receiving a request 
     from the covered person for copies of the documents that 
     formed the basis of the agency's decision to revoke or deny, 
     including the investigative file, the head of the agency 
     shall provide to the covered person copies of such documents 
     as--

       ``(I) the head of the agency determines is consistent with 
     the interests of national security; and
       ``(II) permitted by other applicable provisions of law, 
     including--

       ``(aa) section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
     known as the `Freedom of Information Act');
       ``(bb) section 552a of such title (commonly known as the 
     `Privacy Act of 1974'); and
       ``(cc) such other provisions of law relating to the 
     protection of confidential sources and privacy of 
     individuals.
       ``(iii)(I) The covered person shall have the opportunity to 
     retain counsel or other representation at the covered 
     person's expense.
       ``(II) Upon the request of the covered person, and a 
     showing that the ability to review classified information is 
     essential to the resolution of an appeal under this 
     subsection, counsel or other representation retained under 
     this clause shall be considered for access to classified 
     information for the limited purposes of such appeal.
       ``(iv)(I) The head of the agency shall provide the covered 
     person an opportunity, at a point in the process determined 
     by the agency head--

       ``(aa) to appear personally before an adjudicative or other 
     authority, other than the investigating entity, and to 
     present to such authority relevant documents, materials, and 
     information, including evidence that past problems relating 
     to the denial or revocation have been overcome or 
     sufficiently mitigated; and
       ``(bb) to call and cross-examine witnesses before such 
     authority, unless the head of the agency determines that 
     calling and cross-examining witnesses is not consistent with 
     the interests of national security.

       ``(II) The head of the agency shall make, as part of the 
     security record of the covered person, a written summary, 
     transcript, or recording of any appearance under item (aa) of 
     subclause (I) or of any calling or cross-examining of 
     witnesses under item (bb) of such subclause.
       ``(v) On or before the date that is 30 days after the date 
     on which the covered person receives copies of documents 
     under clause (ii), the covered person may request a hearing 
     of the decision to deny or revoke by filing a written appeal 
     with the head of the agency.
       ``(B) A requirement that each review of a decision under 
     this subsection is completed on average not later than 180 
     days after the date on which a hearing is requested under 
     subparagraph (A)(v).
       ``(3) Agency review panels.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each head of an agency shall establish a 
     panel to hear and review appeals under this subsection.
       ``(B) Membership.--
       ``(i) Composition.--Each panel established by the head of 
     an agency under subparagraph (A) shall be composed of at 
     least three employees of the agency selected by the agency 
     head, two of whom shall not be members of the security field.
       ``(ii) Terms.--A term of service on a panel established by 
     the head of an agency under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 
     2 years.
       ``(C) Decisions.--
       ``(i) Written.--Each decision of a panel established under 
     subparagraph (A) shall be in writing and contain a 
     justification of the decision.
       ``(ii) Consistency.--Each head of an agency that 
     establishes a panel under subparagraph (A) shall ensure that 
     each decision of the panel is consistent with the interests 
     of national security and applicable provisions of law.
       ``(iii) Overturn.--The head of an agency may overturn a 
     decision of the panel if, not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which the panel issues the decision, the agency head 
     personally exercises the authority granted by this clause to 
     overturn such decision.

[[Page S3340]]

       ``(iv) Finality.--Each decision of a panel established 
     under subparagraph (A) or overturned pursuant to clause (iii) 
     of this subparagraph shall be final.
       ``(D) Access to classified information.--The head of an 
     agency that establishes a panel under subparagraph (A) shall 
     afford access to classified information to the members of the 
     panel as the agency head determines--
       ``(i) necessary for the panel to hear and review an appeal 
     under this subsection; and
       ``(ii) consistent with the interests of national security.
       ``(4) Representation by counsel.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each head of an agency shall ensure 
     that, under this subsection, a covered person appealing a 
     decision of the head's agency under this subsection has an 
     opportunity to retain counsel or other representation at the 
     covered person's expense.
       ``(B) Access to classified information.--
       ``(i) In general.--Upon the request of a covered person 
     appealing a decision of an agency under this subsection and a 
     showing that the ability to review classified information is 
     essential to the resolution of the appeal under this 
     subsection, the head of the agency shall sponsor an 
     application by the counsel or other representation retained 
     under this paragraph for access to classified information for 
     the limited purposes of such appeal.
       ``(ii) Extent of access.--Counsel or another representative 
     who is cleared for access under this subparagraph may be 
     afforded access to relevant classified materials to the 
     extent consistent with the interests of national security.
       ``(5) Publication of decisions.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each head of an agency shall publish 
     each final decision on an appeal under this subsection.
       ``(B) Requirements.--In order to ensure transparency, 
     oversight by Congress, and meaningful information for those 
     who need to understand how the clearance process works, each 
     publication under subparagraph (A) shall be--
       ``(i) made in a manner that is consistent with section 552 
     of title 5, United States Code, as amended by the Electronic 
     Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996 (Public Law 
     104-231);
       ``(ii) published to explain the facts of the case, 
     redacting personally identifiable information and sensitive 
     program information; and
       ``(iii) made available on a website that is searchable by 
     members of the public.
       ``(c) Period of Time for the Right to Appeal.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), any 
     covered person who has been the subject of a decision made by 
     the head of an agency to deny or revoke eligibility for 
     access to classified information shall retain all rights to 
     appeal under this section until the conclusion of the appeals 
     process under this section.
       ``(2) Waiver of rights.--
       ``(A) Persons.--Any covered person may voluntarily waive 
     the covered person's right to appeal under this section and 
     such waiver shall be conclusive.
       ``(B) Agencies.--The head of an agency may not require a 
     covered person to waive the covered person's right to appeal 
     under this section for any reason.
       ``(d) Waiver of Availability of Procedures for National 
     Security Interest.--
       ``(1) In general.--If the head of an agency determines that 
     a procedure established under subsection (b) cannot be made 
     available to a covered person in an exceptional case without 
     damaging a national security interest of the United States by 
     revealing classified information, such procedure shall not be 
     made available to such covered person.
       ``(2) Finality.--A determination under paragraph (1) shall 
     be final and conclusive and may not be reviewed by any other 
     official or by any court.
       ``(3) Reporting.--
       ``(A) Case-by-case.--
       ``(i) In general.--In each case in which the head of an 
     agency determines under paragraph (1) that a procedure 
     established under subsection (b) cannot be made available to 
     a covered person, the agency head shall, not later than 30 
     days after the date on which the agency head makes such 
     determination, submit to the Security Executive Agent and to 
     the congressional intelligence committees a report stating 
     the reasons for the determination.
       ``(ii) Form.--A report submitted under clause (i) may be 
     submitted in classified form as necessary.
       ``(B) Annual reports.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than once each 
     fiscal year, the Security Executive Agent shall submit to the 
     congressional intelligence committees a report on the 
     determinations made under paragraph (1) during the previous 
     fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the period covered by the report, the 
     following:

       ``(I) The number of cases and reasons for determinations 
     made under paragraph (1), disaggregated by agency.
       ``(II) Such other matters as the Security Executive Agent 
     considers appropriate.

       ``(e) Denials and Revocations Under Other Provisions of 
     Law.--
       ``(1) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed to limit or affect the responsibility and power 
     of the head of an agency to deny or revoke eligibility for 
     access to classified information or to deny reciprocity of 
     clearance in the interest of national security.
       ``(2) Denials and revocation.--The power and responsibility 
     to deny or revoke eligibility for access to classified 
     information or to deny reciprocity of clearance pursuant to 
     any other provision of law or Executive order may be 
     exercised only when the head of an agency determines that an 
     applicable process established under this section cannot be 
     invoked in a manner that is consistent with national 
     security.
       ``(3) Finality.--A determination under paragraph (2) shall 
     be final and conclusive and may not be reviewed by any other 
     official or by any court.
       ``(4) Reporting.--
       ``(A) Case-by-case.--
       ``(i) In general.--In each case in which the head of an 
     agency determines under paragraph (2) that a determination 
     relating to a denial or revocation of eligibility for access 
     to classified information or denial of reciprocity of 
     clearance could not be made pursuant to a process established 
     under this section, the agency head shall, not later than 30 
     days after the date on which the agency head makes such a 
     determination under paragraph (2), submit to the Security 
     Executive Agent and to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report stating the reasons for the 
     determination.
       ``(ii) Form.--A report submitted under clause (i) may be 
     submitted in classified form as necessary.
       ``(B) Annual reports.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than once each 
     fiscal year, the Security Executive Agent shall submit to the 
     congressional intelligence committees a report on the 
     determinations made under paragraph (2) during the previous 
     fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the period covered by the report, the 
     following:

       ``(I) The number of cases and reasons for determinations 
     made under paragraph (2), disaggregated by agency.
       ``(II) Such other matters as the Security Executive Agent 
     considers appropriate.

       ``(f) Relationship to Suitability.--No person may use a 
     determination of suitability under part 731 of title 5, Code 
     of Federal Regulations, or successor regulation, for the 
     purpose of denying a covered person the review proceedings of 
     this section where there has been a denial or revocation of 
     eligibility for access to classified information or a denial 
     of reciprocity of clearance.
       ``(g) Preservation of Roles and Responsibilities Under 
     Executive Order 10865 and of the Defense Office of Hearings 
     and Appeals.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
     diminish or otherwise affect the procedures in effect on the 
     day before the date of the enactment of this Act for denial 
     and revocation procedures provided to individuals by 
     Executive Order 10865 (50 U.S.C. 3161 note; relating to 
     safeguarding classified information within industry), or 
     successor order, including those administered through the 
     Defense Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of 
     Defense under Department of Defense Directive 5220.6, or 
     successor directive.
       ``(h) Rule of Construction Relating to Certain Other 
     Provisions of Law.--This section and the processes and 
     procedures established under this section shall not be 
     construed to apply to paragraphs (6) and (7) of section 
     3001(j) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
     Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 3341(j)).''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in the 
     matter preceding section 2 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3002), as amended by subsection (c), is 
     further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
     section 801A the following:

``Sec. 801B. Right to appeal.''.

     SEC. 402. ESTABLISHING PROCESS PARITY FOR SECURITY CLEARANCE 
                   REVOCATIONS.

       Subparagraph (C) of section 3001(j)(4) of the Intelligence 
     Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 
     3341(j)(4)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(C) Burdens of proof.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (iii), in determining 
     whether the adverse security clearance or access 
     determination violated paragraph (1), the agency shall find 
     that paragraph (1) was violated if the individual has 
     demonstrated that a disclosure described in paragraph (1) was 
     a contributing factor in the adverse security clearance or 
     access determination taken against the individual.
       ``(ii) Circumstantial evidence.--An individual under clause 
     (i) may demonstrate that the disclosure was a contributing 
     factor in the adverse security clearance or access 
     determination taken against the individual through 
     circumstantial evidence, such as evidence that--

       ``(I) the official making the determination knew of the 
     disclosure; and
       ``(II) the determination occurred within a period such that 
     a reasonable person could conclude that the disclosure was a 
     contributing factor in the determination.

       ``(iii) Defense.--In determining whether the adverse 
     security clearance or access determination violated paragraph 
     (1), the agency shall not find that paragraph (1) was 
     violated if, after a finding that a disclosure was a 
     contributing factor, the agency demonstrates by clear and 
     convincing evidence that it would have made the same security 
     clearance or access determination in the absence of such 
     disclosure.''.

[[Page S3341]]

  


     SEC. 403. FEDERAL POLICY ON SHARING OF DEROGATORY INFORMATION 
                   PERTAINING TO CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEES IN THE 
                   TRUSTED WORKFORCE.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive 
     Agent, in coordination with the principal members of the 
     Performance Accountability Council and the Attorney General, 
     shall issue a policy for the Federal Government on sharing of 
     derogatory information pertaining to contractor employees 
     engaged by the Federal Government.
       (b) Consent Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--The policy issued under subsection (a) 
     shall require, as a condition of accepting a security 
     clearance with the Federal Government, that a contractor 
     employee provide prior written consent for the Federal 
     Government to share covered derogatory information with the 
     chief security officer of the contractor employer that 
     employs the contractor employee.
       (2) Covered derogatory information.--For purposes of this 
     section, covered derogatory information--
       (A) is information that--
       (i) contravenes National Security Adjudicative Guidelines 
     as specified in Security Executive Agent Directive 4 (10 
     C.F.R. 710 app. A), or any successor Federal policy;
       (ii) a Federal Government agency certifies is accurate and 
     reliable;
       (iii) is relevant to a contractor's ability to protect 
     against insider threats as required by section 1-202 of the 
     National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual 
     (NISPOM), or successor manual; and
       (iv) may have a bearing on the contractor employee's 
     suitability for a position of public trust or to receive 
     credentials to access certain facilities of the Federal 
     Government; and
       (B) shall include any negative information considered in 
     the adjudicative process, including information provided by 
     the contractor employee on forms submitted for the processing 
     of the contractor employee's security clearance.
       (c) Elements.--The policy issued under subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) require Federal agencies, except under exceptional 
     circumstances specified by the Security Executive Agent, to 
     share with the contractor employer of a contractor employee 
     engaged with the Federal Government the existence of 
     potentially derogatory information and which National 
     Security Adjudicative Guideline it falls under, with the 
     exception that the Security Executive Agent may waive such 
     requirement in circumstances the Security Executive Agent 
     considers extraordinary;
       (2) require that covered derogatory information shared with 
     a contractor employer as described in subsection (b)(1) be 
     used by the contractor employer exclusively for risk 
     mitigation purposes under section 1-202 of the National 
     Industrial Security Program Operating Manual, or successor 
     manual;
       (3) require Federal agencies to share any mitigation 
     measures in place to address the derogatory information;
       (4) establish standards for timeliness for sharing the 
     derogatory information;
       (5) specify the methods by which covered derogatory 
     information will be shared with the contractor employer of 
     the contractor employee;
       (6) allow the contractor employee, within a specified 
     timeframe, the right--
       (A) to contest the accuracy and reliability of covered 
     derogatory information;
       (B) to address or remedy any concerns raised by the covered 
     derogatory information; and
       (C) to provide documentation pertinent to subparagraph (A) 
     or (B) for an agency to place in relevant security clearance 
     databases;
       (7) establish a procedure by which the contractor employer 
     of the contractor employee may consult with the Federal 
     Government prior to taking any remedial action under section 
     1-202 of the National Industrial Security Program Operating 
     Manual, or successor manual, to address the derogatory 
     information the Federal agency has provided;
       (8) stipulate that the chief security officer of the 
     contractor employer is prohibited from sharing or discussing 
     covered derogatory information with other parties, including 
     nonsecurity professionals at the contractor employer; and
       (9) require companies in the National Industrial Security 
     Program to comply with the policy.
       (d) Consideration of Lessons Learned From Information-
     sharing Program for Positions of Trust and Security 
     Clearances.--In developing the policy issued under subsection 
     (a), the Director shall consider, to the extent available, 
     lessons learned from actions taken to carry out section 
     6611(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).

                   TITLE V--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

     SEC. 501. REPORT ON ATTEMPTS BY FOREIGN ADVERSARIES TO BUILD 
                   TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND CYBERSECURITY EQUIPMENT 
                   AND SERVICES FOR, OR TO PROVIDE SUCH EQUIPMENT 
                   AND SERVICES TO, CERTAIN ALLIES OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Five eyes country.--The term ``Five Eyes country'' 
     means any of the following:
       (A) Australia.
       (B) Canada.
       (C) New Zealand.
       (D) The United Kingdom.
       (E) The United States.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security 
     Agency, and the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency 
     shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on attempts by foreign adversaries to build 
     telecommunications and cybersecurity equipment and services 
     for, or to provide such equipment and services to, Five Eyes 
     countries.
       (c) Elements.--The report submitted under subsection (b) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An assessment of United States intelligence sharing and 
     intelligence and military force posture in any Five Eyes 
     country that currently uses or intends to use 
     telecommunications or cybersecurity equipment or services 
     provided by a foreign adversary of the United States, 
     including China and Russia.
       (2) A description and assessment of mitigation of any 
     potential compromises or risks for any circumstance described 
     in paragraph (1).
       (d) Form.--The report required by subsection (b) shall 
     include an unclassified executive summary, and may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 502. REPORT ON THREATS POSED BY USE BY FOREIGN 
                   GOVERNMENTS AND ENTITIES OF COMMERCIALLY 
                   AVAILABLE CYBER INTRUSION AND SURVEILLANCE 
                   TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on the threats posed by the use by 
     foreign governments and entities of commercially available 
     cyber intrusion and other surveillance technology.
       (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Matters relating to threats described in subsection (a) 
     as they pertain to the following:
       (A) The threat posed to United States persons and persons 
     inside the United States.
       (B) The threat posed to United States personnel overseas.
       (C) The threat posed to employees of the Federal 
     Government, including through both official and personal 
     accounts and devices.
       (2) A description of which foreign governments and entities 
     pose the greatest threats from the use of technology 
     described in subsection (a) and the nature of those threats.
       (3) An assessment of the source of the commercially 
     available cyber intrusion and other surveillance technology 
     that poses the threats described in subsection (a), including 
     whether such technology is made by United States companies or 
     companies in the United States or by foreign companies.
       (4) An assessment of actions taken, as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, by the Federal Government and foreign 
     governments to limit the export of technology described in 
     subsection (a) from the United States or foreign countries to 
     foreign governments and entities in ways that pose the 
     threats described in such subsection.
       (5) Matters relating to how the Federal Government, 
     Congress, and foreign governments can most effectively 
     mitigate the threats described in subsection (a), including 
     matters relating to the following:
       (A) Working with the technology and telecommunications 
     industry to identify and improve the security of consumer 
     software and hardware used by United States persons and 
     persons inside the United States that is targeted by 
     commercial cyber intrusion and surveillance software.
       (B) Export controls.
       (C) Diplomatic pressure.
       (D) Trade agreements.
       (c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 503. REPORTS ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE CYBERSPACE 
                   SOLARIUM COMMISSION.

       (a) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this section, 
     the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Select Committee 
     on Intelligence, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
     Transportation, and the Committee on Energy and Natural 
     Resources of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Homeland 
     Security, the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, 
     and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (b) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, each head of an agency 
     described in subsection (c) shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on the recommendations 
     included in the report issued

[[Page S3342]]

     by the Cyberspace Solarium Commission under section 1652(k) 
     of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).
       (c) Agencies Described.--The agencies described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
       (2) The Department of Homeland Security.
       (3) The Department of Energy.
       (4) The Department of Commerce.
       (5) The Department of Defense.
       (d) Contents.--Each report submitted under subsection (b) 
     by the head of an agency described in subsection (c) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An evaluation of the recommendations in the report 
     described in subsection (b) that the agency identifies as 
     pertaining directly to the agency.
       (2) A description of the actions taken, or the actions that 
     the head of the agency may consider taking, to implement any 
     of the recommendations (including a comprehensive estimate of 
     requirements for appropriations to take such actions).

     SEC. 504. ASSESSMENT OF CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY TRENDS RELATING 
                   TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, MICROCHIPS, AND 
                   SEMICONDUCTORS AND RELATED SUPPLY CHAINS.

       (a) Assessment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall complete a detailed assessment of critical 
     technology trends relating to artificial intelligence, 
     microchips, and semiconductors and related supply chains.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) Export controls.--
       (A) In general.--An assessment of efforts by partner 
     countries to enact and implement export controls and other 
     technology transfer measures with respect to artificial 
     intelligence, microchips, advanced manufacturing equipment, 
     and other artificial intelligence enabled technologies 
     critical to United States supply chains.
       (B) Identification of opportunities for cooperation.--The 
     assessment under subparagraph (A) shall identify 
     opportunities for further cooperation with international 
     partners on a multilateral and bilateral basis to strengthen 
     export control regimes and address technology transfer 
     threats.
       (2) Semiconductor supply chains.--
       (A) In general.--An assessment of global semiconductor 
     supply chains, including areas to reduce United States 
     vulnerabilities and maximize points of leverage.
       (B) Analysis of potential effects.--The assessment under 
     subparagraph (A) shall include an analysis of the potential 
     effects of significant geopolitical shifts, including those 
     related to Taiwan.
       (C) Identification of opportunities for diversification.--
     The assessment under subparagraph (A) shall also identify 
     opportunities for diversification of United States supply 
     chains, including an assessment of cost, challenges, and 
     opportunities to diversify manufacturing capabilities on a 
     multinational basis.
       (3) Computing power.--An assessment of trends relating to 
     computing power and the effect of such trends on global 
     artificial intelligence development and implementation, in 
     consultation with the Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity, the Director of the Defense 
     Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the Director of the 
     National Institute of Standards and Technology, including 
     forward-looking assessments of how computing resources may 
     affect United States national security, innovation, and 
     implementation relating to artificial intelligence.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) Definition of appropriate committees of congress.--In 
     this subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of 
     Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
     Affairs, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Financial 
     Services, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
     of Representatives.
       (2) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the findings 
     of the Director with respect to the assessment completed 
     under subsection (a).
       (3) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (2) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 505. COMBATING CHINESE INFLUENCE OPERATIONS IN THE 
                   UNITED STATES AND STRENGTHENING CIVIL LIBERTIES 
                   PROTECTIONS.

       (a) Updates to Annual Reports on Influence Operations and 
     Campaigns in the United States by the Chinese Communist 
     Party.--Section 1107(b) of the National Security Act of 1947 
     (50 U.S.C. 3237(b)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
       ``(8) An identification of influence activities and 
     operations employed by the Chinese Communist Party against 
     the United States science and technology sectors, 
     specifically employees of the United States Government, 
     researchers, scientists, and students in the science and 
     technology sector in the United States.''.
       (b) Plan for Federal Bureau of Investigation to Increase 
     Public Awareness and Detection of Influence Activities by the 
     Government of the People's Republic of China.--
       (1) Plan required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal 
     Bureau of Investigation shall submit to the congressional 
     intelligence committees a plan--
       (A) to increase public awareness of influence activities by 
     the Government of the People's Republic of China; and
       (B) to publicize mechanisms that members of the public can 
     use--
       (i) to detect such activities; and
       (ii) to report such activities to the Bureau.
       (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Director shall consult with the following:
       (A) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy.
       (B) Such other stakeholders outside the intelligence 
     community, including professional associations, institutions 
     of higher education, businesses, and civil rights and 
     multicultural organizations, as the Director determines 
     relevant.
       (c) Recommendations of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
     to Strengthen Relationships and Build Trust With Communities 
     of Interest.--
       (1) In general.--The Director of the Federal Bureau of 
     Investigation, in consultation with the Assistant Attorney 
     General for the Civil Rights Division and the Chief Privacy 
     and Civil Liberties Officer of the Department of Justice, 
     shall develop recommendations to strengthen relationships 
     with communities targeted by influence activities of the 
     Government of the People's Republic of China and build trust 
     with such communities through local and regional grassroots 
     outreach.
       (2) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit 
     to Congress the recommendations developed under paragraph 
     (1).
       (d) Technical Corrections.--The National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) in section 1107 (50 U.S.C. 3237)--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``communist party 
     of china'' and inserting ``chinese communist party''; and
       (B) by striking ``Communist Party of China'' both places it 
     appears and inserting ``Chinese Communist Party''; and
       (2) in the table of contents before section 2 (50 U.S.C. 
     3002), by striking the item relating to section 1107 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 1107. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in 
              the United States by the Chinese Communist Party.''.

     SEC. 506. ANNUAL REPORT ON CORRUPT ACTIVITIES OF SENIOR 
                   OFFICIALS OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
     the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
     and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
     Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (b) Annual Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 
     2025, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
     the corruption and corrupt activities of senior officials of 
     the Chinese Communist Party.
       (2) Elements.--
       (A) In general.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (i) A description of the wealth of, and corruption and 
     corrupt activities among, senior officials of the Chinese 
     Communist Party.
       (ii) A description of any recent actions of the officials 
     described in clause (i) that could be considered a violation, 
     or potential violation, of United States law.
       (iii) A description and assessment of targeted financial 
     measures, including potential targets for designation of the 
     officials described in clause (i) for the corruption and 
     corrupt activities described in that clause and for the 
     actions described in clause (ii).
       (B) Scope of reports.--The first report under paragraph (1) 
     shall include comprehensive information on the matters 
     described in subparagraph (A). Any succeeding report under 
     paragraph (1) may consist of an update or supplement to the 
     preceding report under that subsection.
       (3) Coordination.--In preparing each report, update, or 
     supplement under this subsection, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency shall coordinate as follows:
       (A) In preparing the description required by clause (i) of 
     paragraph (2)(A), the Director of the Central Intelligence 
     Agency shall coordinate with the head of the Office of 
     Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury 
     and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
       (B) In preparing the descriptions required by clauses (ii) 
     and (iii) of such paragraph, the

[[Page S3343]]

     Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall coordinate 
     with the head of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of 
     the Department of the Treasury.
       (4) Form.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include an 
     unclassified executive summary, and may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the United States should undertake every effort and pursue 
     every opportunity to expose the corruption and illicit 
     practices of senior officials of the Chinese Communist Party, 
     including President Xi Jinping.

     SEC. 507. REPORT ON CORRUPT ACTIVITIES OF RUSSIAN AND OTHER 
                   EASTERN EUROPEAN OLIGARCHS.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
     the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
     and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
     Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 100 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress and the Undersecretary of State for 
     Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs a report on the 
     corruption and corrupt activities of Russian and other 
     Eastern European oligarchs.
       (c) Elements.--
       (1) In general.--Each report under subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of corruption and corrupt activities 
     among Russian and other Eastern European oligarchs who 
     support the Government of the Russian Federation, including 
     estimates of the total assets of such oligarchs.
       (B) An assessment of the impact of the corruption and 
     corrupt activities described pursuant to subparagraph (A) on 
     the economy and citizens of Russia.
       (C) A description of any connections to, or support of, 
     organized crime, drug smuggling, or human trafficking by an 
     oligarch covered by subparagraph (A).
       (D) A description of any information that reveals 
     corruption and corrupt activities in Russia among oligarchs 
     covered by subparagraph (A).
       (E) A description and assessment of potential sanctions 
     actions that could be imposed upon oligarchs covered by 
     subparagraph (A) who support the leadership of the Government 
     of Russia, including President Vladimir Putin.
       (2) Scope of reports.--The first report under subsection 
     (a) shall include comprehensive information on the matters 
     described in paragraph (1). Any succeeding report under 
     subsection (a) may consist of an update or supplement to the 
     preceding report under that subsection.
       (d) Coordination.--In preparing each report, update, or 
     supplement under this section, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency shall coordinate as follows:
       (1) In preparing the assessment and descriptions required 
     by subparagraphs (A) through (D) of subsection (c)(1), the 
     Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall coordinate 
     with the head of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of 
     the Department of the Treasury and the Director of the 
     Federal Bureau of Investigation.
       (2) In preparing the description and assessment required by 
     subparagraph (E) of such subsection, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency shall coordinate with the head of 
     the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of 
     the Treasury.
       (e) Form.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), each report 
     under subsection (b) shall include an unclassified executive 
     summary, and may include a classified annex.
       (2) Unclassified form of certain information.--The 
     information described in subsection (c)(1)(D) in each report 
     under subsection (b) shall be submitted in unclassified form.

     SEC. 508. REPORT ON BIOSECURITY RISK AND DISINFORMATION BY 
                   THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY AND THE GOVERNMENT 
                   OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the 
     Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the 
     Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate; and
       (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee 
     on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Critical infrastructure.--The term ``critical 
     infrastructure'' has the meaning given such term in section 
     1016(e) of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing 
     Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct 
     Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)).
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report identifying whether and how officials of 
     the Chinese Communist Party and the Government of the 
     People's Republic of China may have sought--
       (1) to suppress information about--
       (A) the outbreak of the novel coronavirus in Wuhan;
       (B) the spread of the virus through China; and
       (C) the transmission of the virus to other countries;
       (2) to spread disinformation relating to the pandemic; or
       (3) to exploit the pandemic to advance their national 
     security interests.
       (c) Assessments.--The report required by subsection (b) 
     shall include assessments of reported actions and the effect 
     of those actions on efforts to contain the novel coronavirus 
     pandemic, including each of the following:
       (1) The origins of the novel coronavirus outbreak, the time 
     and location of initial infections, and the mode and speed of 
     early viral spread.
       (2) Actions taken by the Government of China to suppress, 
     conceal, or misinform the people of China and those of other 
     countries about the novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan.
       (3) The effect of disinformation or the failure of the 
     Government of China to fully disclose details of the outbreak 
     on response efforts of local governments in China and other 
     countries.
       (4) Diplomatic, political, economic, intelligence, or other 
     pressure on other countries and international organizations 
     to conceal information about the spread of the novel 
     coronavirus and the response of the Government of China to 
     the contagion, as well as to influence or coerce early 
     responses to the pandemic by other countries.
       (5) Efforts by officials of the Government of China to deny 
     access to health experts and international health 
     organizations to afflicted individuals in Wuhan, pertinent 
     areas of the city, or laboratories of interest in China, 
     including the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
       (6) Efforts by the Government of China, or those acting at 
     its direction or with its assistance, to conduct cyber 
     operations against international, national, or private health 
     organizations conducting research relating to the novel 
     coronavirus or operating in response to the pandemic.
       (7) Efforts to control, restrict, or manipulate relevant 
     segments of global supply chains, particularly in the sale, 
     trade, or provision of relevant medicines, medical supplies, 
     or medical equipment as a result of the pandemic.
       (8) Efforts to advance the economic, intelligence, national 
     security, and political objectives of the Government of China 
     by exploiting vulnerabilities of foreign governments, 
     economies, and companies under financial duress as a result 
     of the pandemic or to accelerate economic espionage and 
     intellectual property theft.
       (9) Efforts to exploit the disruption of the pharmaceutical 
     and telecommunications industries as well as other industries 
     tied to critical infrastructure and bilateral trade between 
     China and the United States and between China and allies and 
     partners of the United States in order to advance the 
     economic and political objectives of the Government of China 
     following the pandemic.
       (d) Form.--The report required under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 509. REPORT ON EFFECT OF LIFTING OF UNITED NATIONS ARMS 
                   EMBARGO ON ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, in consultation with such heads of other 
     elements of the intelligence community as the Director 
     considers appropriate, shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on--
       (1) the plans of the Government of the Islamic Republic of 
     Iran to acquire military arms if the ban on arms transfers to 
     or from such government under United Nations Security Council 
     resolutions are lifted; and
       (2) the effect such arms acquisitions may have on regional 
     security and stability.
       (c) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (b) 
     shall include assessments relating to plans of the Government 
     of the Islamic Republic of Iran to acquire additional 
     weapons, the intention of other countries to provide such 
     weapons, and the effect such acquisition and provision would 
     have on regional stability, including with respect to each of 
     the following:
       (1) The type and quantity of weapon systems under 
     consideration for acquisition.
       (2) The countries of origin of such systems.
       (3) Likely reactions of other countries in the region to 
     such acquisition, including the potential for proliferation 
     by other countries in response.
       (4) The threat that such acquisition could present to 
     international commerce and energy supplies in the region, and 
     the potential

[[Page S3344]]

     implications for the national security of the United States.
       (5) The threat that such acquisition could present to the 
     Armed Forces of the United States, of countries allied with 
     the United States, and of countries partnered with the United 
     States stationed in or deployed in the region.
       (6) The potential that such acquisition could be used to 
     deliver chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons.
       (7) The potential for the Government of the Islamic 
     Republic of Iran to proliferate weapons acquired in the 
     absence of an arms embargo to regional groups, including 
     Shi'a militia groups backed by such government.
       (d) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 510. REPORT ON IRANIAN ACTIVITIES RELATING TO NUCLEAR 
                   NONPROLIFERATION.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report assessing--
       (1) any relevant activities potentially relating to nuclear 
     weapons research and development by the Islamic Republic of 
     Iran; and
       (2) any relevant efforts to afford or deny international 
     access in accordance with international nonproliferation 
     agreements.
       (c) Assessments.--The report required by subsection (b) 
     shall include assessments, for the period beginning on 
     January 1, 2018, and ending on the date of the submittal of 
     the report, of the following:
       (1) Activities to research, develop, or enrich uranium or 
     reprocess plutonium with the intent or capability of creating 
     weapons-grade nuclear material.
       (2) Research, development, testing, or design activities 
     that could contribute to or inform construction of a device 
     intended to initiate or capable of initiating a nuclear 
     explosion.
       (3) Efforts to receive, transmit, store, destroy, relocate, 
     archive, or otherwise preserve research, processes, products, 
     or enabling materials relevant or relating to any efforts 
     assessed under paragraph (1) or (2).
       (4) Efforts to afford or deny international access, in 
     accordance with international nonproliferation agreements, to 
     locations, individuals, and materials relating to activities 
     described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3).
       (d) Form.--The report required under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 511. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THIRD OPTION FOUNDATION.

       It is the sense of the Congress that--
       (1) the work of the Third Option Foundation to heal, help, 
     and honor members of the special operations community of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency and their families is invaluable; 
     and
       (2) the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency should 
     work closely with the Third Option Foundation in implementing 
     section 19A of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 
     (50 U.S.C. 3519b), as added by section 6412 of the Damon Paul 
     Nelson and Matthew Young Pollard Intelligence Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Years 2018, 2019, and 2020 (Public Law 116-
     92).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1816. Mr. RUBIO (for himself and Mr. Warner) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     DIVISION __--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021

     SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This division may be cited as the 
     ``Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this 
     division is as follows:

     DIVISION __--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.

                    TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 102. Classified Schedule of Authorizations.
Sec. 103. Intelligence Community Management Account.

 TITLE II--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

               TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
              law.
Sec. 303. Clarification of authorities and responsibilities of National 
              Manager for National Security Telecommunications and 
              Information Systems Security.
Sec. 304. Continuity of operations plans for certain elements of the 
              intelligence community in the case of a national 
              emergency.
Sec. 305. Application of Executive Schedule level III to position of 
              Director of National Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 306. National Intelligence University.
Sec. 307. Requiring facilitation of establishment of Social Media Data 
              and Threat Analysis Center.
Sec. 308. Data collection on attrition in intelligence community.
Sec. 309. Limitation on delegation of responsibility for program 
              management of information-sharing environment.
Sec. 310. Improvements to provisions relating to intelligence community 
              information technology environment.
Sec. 311. Requirements and authorities for Director of the Central 
              Intelligence Agency to improve education in science, 
              technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics.

    Subtitle B--Reports and Assessments Pertaining to Intelligence 
                               Community

Sec. 321. Assessment by the Comptroller General of the United States on 
              efforts of the intelligence community and the Department 
              of Defense to identify and mitigate risks posed to the 
              intelligence community and the Department by the use of 
              direct-to-consumer genetic testing by the Government of 
              the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 322. Report on use by intelligence community of hiring 
              flexibilities and expedited human resources practices to 
              assure quality and diversity in the workforce of the 
              intelligence community.
Sec. 323. Report on signals intelligence priorities and requirements.
Sec. 324. Assessment of demand for student loan repayment program 
              benefit.
Sec. 325. Assessment of intelligence community demand for child care.
Sec. 326. Open source intelligence strategies and plans for the 
              intelligence community.

          TITLE IV--SECURITY CLEARANCES AND TRUSTED WORKFORCE

Sec. 401. Exclusivity, consistency, and transparency in security 
              clearance procedures, and right to appeal.
Sec. 402. Establishing process parity for security clearance 
              revocations.
Sec. 403. Federal policy on sharing of derogatory information 
              pertaining to contractor employees in the trusted 
              workforce.

                   TITLE V--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 501. Secure and trusted technology.
Sec. 502. Report on attempts by foreign adversaries to build 
              telecommunications and cybersecurity equipment and 
              services for, or to provide such equipment and services 
              to, certain allies of the United States.
Sec. 503. Report on threats posed by use by foreign governments and 
              entities of commercially available cyber intrusion and 
              surveillance technology.
Sec. 504. Reports on recommendations of the Cyberspace Solarium 
              Commission.
Sec. 505. Assessment of critical technology trends relating to 
              artificial intelligence, microchips, and semiconductors 
              and related supply chains.
Sec. 506. Combating Chinese influence operations in the United States 
              and strengthening civil liberties protections.
Sec. 507. Annual report on corrupt activities of senior officials of 
              the Chinese Communist Party.
Sec. 508. Report on corrupt activities of Russian and other Eastern 
              European oligarchs.
Sec. 509. Report on biosecurity risk and disinformation by the Chinese 
              Communist Party and the Government of the People's 
              Republic of China.
Sec. 510. Report on effect of lifting of United Nations arms embargo on 
              Islamic Republic of Iran.
Sec. 511. Report on Iranian activities relating to nuclear 
              nonproliferation.
Sec. 512. Sense of Congress on Third Option Foundation.

[[Page S3345]]

  


     SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

       In this division:
       (1) Congressional intelligence committees.--The term 
     ``congressional intelligence committees'' has the meaning 
     given such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).
       (2) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
     community'' has the meaning given such term in such section.

                    TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2021 for the conduct of the intelligence and 
     intelligence-related activities of the following elements of 
     the United States Government:
       (1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
       (2) The Central Intelligence Agency.
       (3) The Department of Defense.
       (4) The Defense Intelligence Agency.
       (5) The National Security Agency.
       (6) The Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, 
     and the Department of the Air Force.
       (7) The Coast Guard.
       (8) The Department of State.
       (9) The Department of the Treasury.
       (10) The Department of Energy.
       (11) The Department of Justice.
       (12) The Federal Bureau of Investigation.
       (13) The Drug Enforcement Administration.
       (14) The National Reconnaissance Office.
       (15) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
       (16) The Department of Homeland Security.

     SEC. 102. CLASSIFIED SCHEDULE OF AUTHORIZATIONS.

       (a) Specifications of Amounts.--The amounts authorized to 
     be appropriated under section 101 for the conduct of the 
     intelligence activities of the elements listed in paragraphs 
     (1) through (16) of section 101, are those specified in the 
     classified Schedule of Authorizations prepared to accompany 
     this division.
       (b) Availability of Classified Schedule of 
     Authorizations.--
       (1) Availability.--The classified Schedule of 
     Authorizations referred to in subsection (a) shall be made 
     available to the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, 
     the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives, and to the President.
       (2) Distribution by the president.--Subject to paragraph 
     (3), the President shall provide for suitable distribution of 
     the classified Schedule of Authorizations referred to in 
     subsection (a), or of appropriate portions of such Schedule, 
     within the executive branch of the Federal Government.
       (3) Limits on disclosure.--The President shall not publicly 
     disclose the classified Schedule of Authorizations or any 
     portion of such Schedule except--
       (A) as provided in section 601(a) of the Implementing 
     Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (50 U.S.C. 
     3306(a));
       (B) to the extent necessary to implement the budget; or
       (C) as otherwise required by law.

     SEC. 103. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT ACCOUNT.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated for the Intelligence Community Management 
     Account of the Director of National Intelligence for fiscal 
     year 2021 the sum of $731,200,000.
       (b) Classified Authorization of Appropriations.--In 
     addition to amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Intelligence Community Management Account by subsection (a), 
     there are authorized to be appropriated for the Intelligence 
     Community Management Account for fiscal year 2021 such 
     additional amounts as are specified in the classified 
     Schedule of Authorizations referred to in section 102(a).

 TITLE II--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       There is authorized to be appropriated for the Central 
     Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund 
     $514,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.

               TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

     SEC. 301. RESTRICTION ON CONDUCT OF INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.

       The authorization of appropriations by this division shall 
     not be deemed to constitute authority for the conduct of any 
     intelligence activity which is not otherwise authorized by 
     the Constitution or the laws of the United States.

     SEC. 302. INCREASE IN EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS 
                   AUTHORIZED BY LAW.

       Appropriations authorized by this division for salary, pay, 
     retirement, and other benefits for Federal employees may be 
     increased by such additional or supplemental amounts as may 
     be necessary for increases in such compensation or benefits 
     authorized by law.

     SEC. 303. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 
                   OF NATIONAL MANAGER FOR NATIONAL SECURITY 
                   TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS 
                   SECURITY.

       In carrying out the authorities and responsibilities of the 
     National Manager for National Security Telecommunications and 
     Information Systems Security under National Security 
     Directive 42 (signed by the President on July 5, 1990), the 
     National Manager shall not supervise, oversee, or execute, 
     either directly or indirectly, any aspect of the National 
     Intelligence Program.

     SEC. 304. CONTINUITY OF OPERATIONS PLANS FOR CERTAIN ELEMENTS 
                   OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY IN THE CASE OF A 
                   NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

       (a) Definition of Covered National Emergency.--In this 
     section, the term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
     following:
       (1) A major disaster declared by the President under 
     section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and 
     Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170).
       (2) An emergency declared by the President under section 
     501 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
     Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5191).
       (3) A national emergency declared by the President under 
     the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.).
       (4) A public health emergency declared under section 319 of 
     the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
       (b) In General.--The Director of National Intelligence, the 
     Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of 
     the National Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the 
     Defense Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National 
     Security Agency, and the Director of the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency shall each establish continuity of 
     operations plans for use in the case of covered national 
     emergencies for the element of the intelligence community 
     concerned.
       (c) Submission to Congress.--
       (1) Director of national intelligence and director of the 
     central intelligence agency.--Not later than 7 days after the 
     date on which a covered national emergency is declared, the 
     Director of National Intelligence and the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency shall each submit to the 
     congressional intelligence committees the plan established 
     under subsection (b) for that emergency for the element of 
     the intelligence community concerned.
       (2) Director of national reconnaissance office, director of 
     defense intelligence agency, director of national security 
     agency, and director of national geospatial-intelligence 
     agency.--Not later than 7 days after the date on which a 
     covered national emergency is declared, the Director of the 
     National Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security 
     Agency, and the Director of the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency shall each submit the plan established 
     under subsection (b) for that emergency for the element of 
     the intelligence community concerned to the following:
       (A) The congressional intelligence committees.
       (B) The Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
       (C) The Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (d) Updates.--During a covered national emergency, the 
     Director of National Intelligence, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National 
     Reconnaissance Office, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security 
     Agency, and the Director of the National Geospatial-
     Intelligence Agency shall each submit any updates to the 
     plans submitted under subsection (c)--
       (1) in accordance with that subsection; and
       (2) in a timely manner consistent with section 501 of the 
     National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091).

     SEC. 305. APPLICATION OF EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE LEVEL III TO 
                   POSITION OF DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE 
                   OFFICE.

       Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``Director of the National Reconnaissance Office.''.

     SEC. 306. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE UNIVERSITY.

       (a) In General.--Title X of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3191 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:

             ``Subtitle D--National Intelligence University

     ``SEC. 1031. TRANSFER DATE.

       ``In this subtitle, the term `transfer date' means the date 
     on which the National Intelligence University is transferred 
     from the Defense Intelligence Agency to the Director of 
     National Intelligence under section 5324(a) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92).

     ``SEC. 1032. DEGREE-GRANTING AUTHORITY.

       ``(a) In General.--Beginning on the transfer date, under 
     regulations prescribed by the Director of National 
     Intelligence, the President of the National Intelligence 
     University may, upon the recommendation of the faculty of the 
     University, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who 
     meet the degree requirements.
       ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this 
     section unless--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
     of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing 
     Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
       ``(2) the University is accredited by the appropriate 
     academic accrediting agency or organization to award the 
     degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
       ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--

[[Page S3346]]

       ``(1) Actions on nonaccreditation.--Beginning on the 
     transfer date, the Director shall promptly--
       ``(A) notify the congressional intelligence committees of 
     any action by the Middle States Commission on Higher 
     Education, or other appropriate academic accrediting agency 
     or organization, to not accredit the University to award any 
     new or existing degree; and
       ``(B) submit to such committees a report containing an 
     explanation of any such action.
       ``(2) Modification or redesignation of degree-granting 
     authority.--Beginning on the transfer date, upon any 
     modification or redesignation of existing degree-granting 
     authority, the Director shall submit to the congressional 
     intelligence committees a report containing--
       ``(A) the rationale for the proposed modification or 
     redesignation; and
       ``(B) any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of 
     Education with respect to the proposed modification or 
     redesignation.

     ``SEC. 1033. FACULTY MEMBERS; EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION.

       ``(a) Authority of Director.--Beginning on the transfer 
     date, the Director of National Intelligence may employ as 
     many professors, instructors, and lecturers at the National 
     Intelligence University as the Director considers necessary.
       ``(b) Compensation of Faculty Members.--The compensation of 
     persons employed under this section shall be as prescribed by 
     the Director.
       ``(c) Compensation Plan.--The Director shall provide each 
     person employed as a professor, instructor, or lecturer at 
     the University on the transfer date an opportunity to elect 
     to be paid under the compensation plan in effect on the day 
     before the transfer date (with no reduction in pay) or under 
     the authority of this section.

     ``SEC. 1034. ACCEPTANCE OF FACULTY RESEARCH GRANTS.

       ``The Director of National Intelligence may authorize the 
     President of the National Intelligence University to accept 
     qualifying research grants in the same manner and to the same 
     degree as the President of the National Defense University 
     under section 2165(e) of title 10, United States Code.

     ``SEC. 1035. CONTINUED APPLICABILITY OF THE FEDERAL ADVISORY 
                   COMMITTEE ACT TO THE BOARD OF VISITORS.

       ``The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall 
     continue to apply to the Board of Visitors of the National 
     Intelligence University on and after the transfer date.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5324 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
     116-92) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)(C), by striking ``subsection 
     (e)(2)'' and inserting ``section 1032(b) of the National 
     Security Act of 1947'';
       (2) by striking subsections (e) and (f); and
       (3) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the 
     National Security Act of 1947 is amended by inserting after 
     the item relating to section 1024 the following:

             ``Subtitle D--National Intelligence University

``Sec. 1031. Transfer date.
``Sec. 1032. Degree-granting authority.
``Sec. 1033. Faculty members; employment and compensation.
``Sec. 1034. Acceptance of faculty research grants.
``Sec. 1035. Continued applicability of the Federal Advisory Committee 
              Act to the Board of Visitors.''.

     SEC. 307. REQUIRING FACILITATION OF ESTABLISHMENT OF SOCIAL 
                   MEDIA DATA AND THREAT ANALYSIS CENTER.

       (a) Requirement to Facilitate Establishment.--Subsection 
     (c)(1) of section 5323 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended, by 
     striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''.
       (b) Deadline to Facilitate Establishment.--Such subsection 
     is further amended by striking ``The Director'' and inserting 
     ``Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the 
     Director''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Reporting.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
       (A) in the matter before paragraph (1), by striking ``If 
     the Director'' and all that follows through ``the Center, 
     the'' and inserting ``The''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
       (2) Funding.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended by 
     striking ``fiscal year 2020 and 2021'' and inserting ``fiscal 
     year 2021 and 2022''.
       (3) Clerical.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Authority'' 
     and inserting ``Requirement''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), in the paragraph heading, by striking 
     ``Authority'' and inserting ``Requirement''.

     SEC. 308. DATA COLLECTION ON ATTRITION IN INTELLIGENCE 
                   COMMUNITY.

       (a) Standards for Data Collection.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall establish standards for collecting data 
     relating to attrition in the intelligence community workforce 
     across demographics, specialities, and length of service.
       (2) Inclusion of certain candidates.--The Director shall 
     include, in the standards established under paragraph (1), 
     standards for collecting data from candidates who accepted 
     conditional offers of employment but chose to withdraw from 
     the hiring process before entering into service, including 
     data with respect to the reasons such candidates chose to 
     withdraw.
       (b) Collection of Data.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, each element of the 
     intelligence community shall begin collecting data on 
     workforce and candidate attrition in accordance with the 
     standards established under subsection (a).
       (c) Annual Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
     Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on workforce and candidate attrition in 
     the intelligence community that includes--
       (1) the findings of the Director based on the data 
     collected under subsection (b);
       (2) recommendations for addressing any issues identified in 
     those findings; and
       (3) an assessment of timeliness in processing hiring 
     applications of individuals previously employed by an element 
     of the intelligence community, consistent with the Trusted 
     Workforce 2.0 initiative sponsored by the Security Clearance, 
     Suitability, and Credentialing Performance Accountability 
     Council.

     SEC. 309. LIMITATION ON DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
                   PROGRAM MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION-SHARING 
                   ENVIRONMENT.

       (a) In General.--Section 1016(b) of the Intelligence Reform 
     and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 485(b)), as 
     amended by section 6402(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), 
     is further amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), in the matter before subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``Director of National Intelligence'' and 
     inserting ``President'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Director of National 
     Intelligence'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``President''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Delegation.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
     President may delegate responsibility for carrying out this 
     subsection.
       ``(B) Limitation.--The President may not delegate 
     responsibility for carrying out this subsection to the 
     Director of National Intelligence.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2020.

     SEC. 310. IMPROVEMENTS TO PROVISIONS RELATING TO INTELLIGENCE 
                   COMMUNITY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENVIRONMENT.

       Section 6312 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by striking 
     subsections (e) through (i) and inserting the following:
       ``(e) Long-term Roadmap.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2021, the Director of National Intelligence 
     shall develop and maintain a long-term roadmap for the 
     intelligence community information technology environment.
       ``(f) Business Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2021, the Director of National Intelligence 
     shall develop and maintain a business plan to implement the 
     long-term roadmap required by subsection (e).''.

     SEC. 311. REQUIREMENTS AND AUTHORITIES FOR DIRECTOR OF THE 
                   CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY TO IMPROVE 
                   EDUCATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, 
                   ARTS, AND MATHEMATICS.

       The Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 (50 U.S.C. 3501 
     et seq.) is amended by adding the following:

     ``SEC. 24. IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
                   ENGINEERING, ARTS, AND MATHEMATICS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' includes 
     a department or agency of the Federal Government, a State, a 
     political subdivision of a State, an individual, and a not-
     for-profit or other organization in the private sector.
       ``(2) Educational institution.--The term `educational 
     institution' includes any public or private elementary school 
     or secondary school, institution of higher education, 
     college, university, or any other profit or nonprofit 
     institution that is dedicated to improving science, 
     technology, engineering, the arts, mathematics, business, 
     law, medicine, or other fields that promote development and 
     education relating to science, technology, engineering, the 
     arts, or mathematics.
       ``(3) State.--The term `State' means each of the several 
     States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
     Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and 
     any other territory or possession of the United States.

[[Page S3347]]

       ``(b) Requirements.--The Director shall, on a continuing 
     basis--
       ``(1) identify actions that the Director may take to 
     improve education in the scientific, technology, engineering, 
     arts, and mathematics (known as `STEAM') skills necessary to 
     meet the long-term national security needs of the United 
     States for personnel proficient in such skills; and
       ``(2) establish and conduct programs to carry out such 
     actions.
       ``(c) Authorities.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Director, in support of educational 
     programs in science, technology, engineering, the arts, and 
     mathematics, may--
       ``(A) award grants to eligible entities;
       ``(B) provide cash awards and other items to eligible 
     entities;
       ``(C) accept voluntary services from eligible entities;
       ``(D) support national competition judging, other 
     educational event activities, and associated award ceremonies 
     in connection with such educational programs; and
       ``(E) enter into one or more education partnership 
     agreements with educational institutions in the United States 
     for the purpose of encouraging and enhancing study in 
     science, technology, engineering, the arts, and mathematics 
     disciplines at all levels of education.
       ``(2) Education partnership agreements.--
       ``(A) Nature of assistance provided.--Under an education 
     partnership agreement entered into with an educational 
     institution under paragraph (1)(E), the Director may provide 
     assistance to the educational institution by--
       ``(i) loaning equipment to the educational institution for 
     any purpose and duration in support of such agreement that 
     the Director considers appropriate;
       ``(ii) making personnel available to teach science courses 
     or to assist in the development of science courses and 
     materials for the educational institution;
       ``(iii) providing sabbatical opportunities for faculty and 
     internship opportunities for students;
       ``(iv) involving faculty and students of the educational 
     institution in Agency projects, including research and 
     technology transfer or transition projects;
       ``(v) cooperating with the educational institution in 
     developing a program under which students may be given 
     academic credit for work on Agency projects, including 
     research and technology transfer for transition projects; and
       ``(vi) providing academic and career advice and assistance 
     to students of the educational institution.
       ``(B) Priorities.--In entering into education partnership 
     agreements under paragraph (1)(E), the Director shall 
     prioritize entering into education partnership agreements 
     with the following:
       ``(i) Historically Black colleges and universities and 
     other minority-serving institutions, as described in section 
     371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1067q(a)).
       ``(ii) Educational institutions serving women, members of 
     minority groups, and other groups of individuals who 
     traditionally are involved in the science, technology, 
     engineering, arts, and mathematics professions in 
     disproportionately low numbers.
       ``(d) Designation of Advisor.--The Director shall designate 
     one or more individuals within the Agency to advise and 
     assist the Director regarding matters relating to science, 
     technology, engineering, the arts, and mathematics education 
     and training.''.

    Subtitle B--Reports and Assessments Pertaining to Intelligence 
                               Community

     SEC. 321. ASSESSMENT BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES ON EFFORTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY 
                   AND THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO IDENTIFY AND 
                   MITIGATE RISKS POSED TO THE INTELLIGENCE 
                   COMMUNITY AND THE DEPARTMENT BY THE USE OF 
                   DIRECT-TO-CONSUMER GENETIC TESTING BY THE 
                   GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall assess the efforts of the intelligence 
     community and the Department of Defense to identify and 
     mitigate the risks posed to the intelligence community and 
     the Department by the use of direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing by the Government of the People's Republic of China.
       (b) Report Required.--
       (1) Definition of united states direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing company.--In this subsection, the term ``United 
     States direct-to-consumer genetic testing company'' means a 
     private entity that--
       (A) carries out direct-to-consumer genetic testing; and
       (B) is organized under the laws of the United States or any 
     jurisdiction within the United States.
       (2) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall 
     submit to Congress, including the congressional intelligence 
     committees, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, 
     and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives, a report on the assessment required by 
     subsection (a).
       (3) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (2) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of key national security risks and 
     vulnerabilities associated with direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing, including--
       (i) how the Government of the People's Republic of China 
     may be using data provided by personnel of the intelligence 
     community and the Department through direct-to-consumer 
     genetic tests; and
       (ii) how ubiquitous technical surveillance may amplify 
     those risks.
       (B) An assessment of the extent to which the intelligence 
     community and the Department have identified risks and 
     vulnerabilities posed by direct-to-consumer genetic testing 
     and have sought to mitigate such risks and vulnerabilities, 
     or have plans for such mitigation, including the extent to 
     which the intelligence community has determined--
       (i) in which United States direct-to-consumer genetic 
     testing companies the Government of the People's Republic of 
     China or entities owned or controlled by the Government of 
     the People's Republic of China have an ownership interest; 
     and
       (ii) which United States direct-to-consumer genetic testing 
     companies may have sold data to the Government of the 
     People's Republic of China or entities owned or controlled by 
     the Government of the People's Republic of China.
       (C) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General may 
     have for action by the intelligence community and the 
     Department to improve the identification and mitigation of 
     risks and vulnerabilities posed by the use of direct-to-
     consumer genetic testing by the Government of the People's 
     Republic of China.
       (4) Form.--The report required by paragraph (2) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Cooperation.--The heads of relevant elements of the 
     intelligence community and components of the Department 
     shall--
       (1) fully cooperate with the Comptroller General in 
     conducting the assessment required by subsection (a); and
       (2) provide any information and data required by the 
     Comptroller General to conduct the assessment.

     SEC. 322. REPORT ON USE BY INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY OF HIRING 
                   FLEXIBILITIES AND EXPEDITED HUMAN RESOURCES 
                   PRACTICES TO ASSURE QUALITY AND DIVERSITY IN 
                   THE WORKFORCE OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on how elements of the intelligence 
     community are exercising hiring flexibilities and expedited 
     human resources practices afforded under section 3326 of 
     title 5, United States Code, and subpart D of part 315 of 
     title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, or successor 
     regulation, to assure quality and diversity in the workforce 
     of the intelligence community.
       (b) Obstacles.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
     shall include identification of any obstacles encountered by 
     the intelligence community in exercising the authorities 
     described in such subsection.

     SEC. 323. REPORT ON SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE PRIORITIES AND 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on signals intelligence priorities and 
     requirements subject to Presidential Policy Directive 28.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     cover the following:
       (1) The implementation of the annual process for advising 
     the Director on signals intelligence priorities and 
     requirements described in section 3 of Presidential Policy 
     Directive 28.
       (2) The signals intelligence priorities and requirements as 
     of the most recent annual process.
       (3) The application of such priorities and requirements to 
     the signals intelligence collection efforts of the 
     intelligence community.
       (4) The contents of the classified annex referenced in 
     section 3 of Presidential Policy Directive 28.
       (c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 324. ASSESSMENT OF DEMAND FOR STUDENT LOAN REPAYMENT 
                   PROGRAM BENEFIT.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the head of each element of the 
     intelligence community shall--
       (1) calculate the number of personnel of that element who 
     qualify for a student loan repayment program benefit;
       (2) compare the number calculated under paragraph (1) to 
     the number of personnel who apply for such a benefit;
       (3) provide recommendations for how to structure such a 
     program to optimize participation and enhance the 
     effectiveness of the benefit as a retention tool, including 
     with respect to the amount of the benefit offered and the 
     length of time an employee receiving a benefit is required to 
     serve under a continuing service agreement; and
       (4) identify any shortfall in funds or authorities needed 
     to provide such a benefit.

[[Page S3348]]

       (b) Inclusion in Fiscal Year 2022 Budget Submission.--The 
     Director of National Intelligence shall include in the budget 
     justification materials submitted to Congress in support of 
     the budget for the intelligence community for fiscal year 
     2022 (as submitted with the budget of the President under 
     section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) a report on 
     the findings of the elements of the intelligence community 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 325. ASSESSMENT OF INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY DEMAND FOR 
                   CHILD CARE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence, in coordination with the heads of the elements 
     of the intelligence community specified in subsection (b), 
     shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a 
     report that includes--
       (1) a calculation of the total annual demand for child care 
     by employees of such elements, at or near the workplaces of 
     such employees, including a calculation of the demand for 
     early morning and evening child care;
       (2) an identification of any shortfall between the demand 
     calculated under paragraph (1) and the child care supported 
     by such elements as of the date of the report;
       (3) an assessment of options for addressing any such 
     shortfall, including options for providing child care at or 
     near the workplaces of employees of such elements;
       (4) an identification of the advantages, disadvantages, 
     security requirements, and costs associated with each such 
     option;
       (5) a plan to meet, by the date that is 5 years after the 
     date of the report--
       (A) the demand calculated under paragraph (1); or
       (B) an alternative standard established by the Director for 
     child care available to employees of such elements; and
       (6) an assessment of needs of specific elements of the 
     intelligence community, including any Government-provided 
     child care that could be collocated with a workplace of 
     employees of such an element and any available child care 
     providers in the proximity of such a workplace.
       (b) Elements Specified.--The elements of the intelligence 
     community specified in this subsection are the following:
       (1) The Central Intelligence Agency.
       (2) The National Security Agency.
       (3) The Defense Intelligence Agency.
       (4) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
       (5) The National Reconnaissance Office.
       (6) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

     SEC. 326. OPEN SOURCE INTELLIGENCE STRATEGIES AND PLANS FOR 
                   THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY.

       (a) Requirement for Survey and Evaluation of Customer 
     Feedback.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence, 
     in coordination with the head of each element of the 
     intelligence community, shall--
       (1) conduct a survey of the open source intelligence 
     requirements, goals, monetary and property investments, and 
     capabilities for each element of the intelligence community; 
     and
       (2) evaluate the usability and utility of the Open Source 
     Enterprise by soliciting customer feedback and evaluating 
     such feedback.
       (b) Requirement for Overall Strategy and for Intelligence 
     Community, Plan for Improving Usability of Open Source 
     Enterprise, and Risk Analysis of Creating Open Source 
     Center.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director, in coordination with the 
     head of each element of the intelligence community and using 
     the findings of the Director with respect to the survey 
     conducted under subsection (a), shall--
       (1) develop a strategy for open source intelligence 
     collection, analysis, and production that defines the 
     overarching goals, roles, responsibilities, and processes for 
     such collection, analysis, and production for the 
     intelligence community;
       (2) develop a plan for improving usability and utility of 
     the Open Source Enterprise based on the customer feedback 
     solicited under subsection (a)(2); and
       (3) conduct a risk and benefit analysis of creating an open 
     source center independent of any current intelligence 
     community element.
       (c) Requirement for Plan for Centralized Data Repository.--
     Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and using the findings of the Director with respect 
     to the survey and evaluation conducted under subsection (a), 
     the strategy and plan developed under subsection (b), and the 
     risk and benefit analysis conducted under such subsection, 
     the Director shall develop a plan for a centralized data 
     repository of open source intelligence that enables all 
     elements of the intelligence community--
       (1) to use such repository for their specific requirements; 
     and
       (2) to derive open source intelligence advantages.
       (d) Requirement for Cost-sharing Model.--Not later than 1 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act and using 
     the findings of the Director with respect to the survey and 
     evaluation conducted under subsection (a), the strategy and 
     plan developed under subsection (b), the risk and benefit 
     analysis conducted under such subsection, and the plan 
     developed under subsection (c), the Director shall develop a 
     cost-sharing model that leverages the open source 
     intelligence investments of each element of the intelligence 
     community for the beneficial use of the entire intelligence 
     community.
       (e) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of 
     National Intelligence, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the Defense Intelligence 
     Agency, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
     Agency, and the Director of the National Security Agency 
     shall jointly brief the congressional intelligence committees 
     on--
       (1) the strategy developed under paragraph (1) of 
     subsection (b);
       (2) the plan developed under paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection;
       (3) the plan developed under subsection (c); and
       (4) the cost-sharing model developed under subsection (d).

          TITLE IV--SECURITY CLEARANCES AND TRUSTED WORKFORCE

     SEC. 401. EXCLUSIVITY, CONSISTENCY, AND TRANSPARENCY IN 
                   SECURITY CLEARANCE PROCEDURES, AND RIGHT TO 
                   APPEAL.

       (a) Exclusivity of Procedures.--Section 801 of the National 
     Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3161) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(c) Exclusivity.--Except as provided in subsection (b) 
     and subject to sections 801A and 801B, the procedures 
     established pursuant to subsection (a) and promulgated and 
     set forth under subpart A of title 32, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, or successor regulations, shall be the exclusive 
     procedures by which decisions about eligibility for access to 
     classified information are governed.''.
       (b) Transparency.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(d) Publication.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this subsection, the President shall--
       ``(A) publish in the Federal Register the procedures 
     established pursuant to subsection (a); or
       ``(B) submit to Congress a certification that the 
     procedures currently in effect that govern access to 
     classified information as described in subsection (a)--
       ``(i) are published in the Federal Register; and
       ``(ii) comply with the requirements of subsection (a).
       ``(2) Updates.--Whenever the President makes a revision to 
     a procedure established pursuant to subsection (a), the 
     President shall publish such revision in the Federal Register 
     not later than 30 days before the date on which the revision 
     becomes effective.''.
       (c) Consistency.--
       (1) In general.--Title VIII of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3161 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
     section 801 the following:

     ``SEC. 801A. DECISIONS RELATING TO ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED 
                   INFORMATION.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Agency.--The term `agency' has the meaning given the 
     term `Executive agency' in section 105 of title 5, United 
     States Code.
       ``(2) Classified information.--The term `classified 
     information' includes sensitive compartmented information, 
     restricted data, restricted handling information, and other 
     compartmented information.
       ``(3) Eligibility for access to classified information.--
     The term `eligibility for access to classified information' 
     has the meaning given such term in the procedures established 
     pursuant to section 801(a).
       ``(b) In General.--Each head of an agency that makes a 
     determination regarding eligibility for access to classified 
     information shall ensure that in making the determination, 
     the head of the agency or any person acting on behalf of the 
     head of the agency--
       ``(1) does not violate any right or protection enshrined in 
     the Constitution of the United States, including rights 
     articulated in the First, Fifth, and Fourteenth Amendments;
       ``(2) does not discriminate for or against an individual on 
     the basis of race, ethnicity, color, religion, sex, national 
     origin, age, or handicap;
       ``(3) is not carrying out--
       ``(A) retaliation for political activities or beliefs; or
       ``(B) a coercion or reprisal described in section 
     2302(b)(3) of title 5, United States Code; and
       ``(4) does not violate section 3001(j)(1) of the 
     Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 
     U.S.C. 3341(j)(1)).''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in the 
     matter preceding section 2 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3002) is amended by inserting after the item 
     relating to section 801 the following:

``Sec. 801A. Decisions relating to access to classified information.''.
       (d) Right to Appeal.--
       (1) In general.--Such title, as amended by subsection (c), 
     is further amended by inserting after section 801A the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 801B. RIGHT TO APPEAL.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Agency.--The term `agency' has the meaning given the 
     term `Executive agency' in section 105 of title 5, United 
     States Code.
       ``(2) Covered person.--The term `covered person' means a 
     person, other than the President and Vice President, 
     currently or formerly employed in, detailed to, assigned

[[Page S3349]]

     to, or issued an authorized conditional offer of employment 
     for a position that requires access to classified information 
     by an agency, including the following:
       ``(A) A member of the Armed Forces.
       ``(B) A civilian.
       ``(C) An expert or consultant with a contractual or 
     personnel obligation to an agency.
       ``(D) Any other category of person who acts for or on 
     behalf of an agency as determined by the head of the agency.
       ``(3) Eligibility for access to classified information.--
     The term `eligibility for access to classified information' 
     has the meaning given such term in the procedures established 
     pursuant to section 801(a).
       ``(4) Need for access.--The term `need for access' has such 
     meaning as the President may define in the procedures 
     established pursuant to section 801(a).
       ``(5) Reciprocity of clearance.--The term `reciprocity of 
     clearance', with respect to a denial by an agency, means that 
     the agency, with respect to a covered person--
       ``(A) failed to accept a security clearance background 
     investigation as required by paragraph (1) of section 3001(d) 
     of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 
     2004 (50 U.S.C. 3341(d));
       ``(B) failed to accept a transferred security clearance 
     background investigation required by paragraph (2) of such 
     section;
       ``(C) subjected the covered person to an additional 
     investigative or adjudicative requirement in violation of 
     paragraph (3) of such section; or
       ``(D) conducted an investigation in violation of paragraph 
     (4) of such section.
       ``(6) Security executive agent.--The term `Security 
     Executive Agent' means the officer serving as the Security 
     Executive Agent pursuant to section 803.
       ``(b) Agency Review.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of the Intelligence Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2021, each head of an agency shall, consistent 
     with the interest of national security, establish and publish 
     in the Federal Register a process by which a covered person 
     to whom eligibility for access to classified information was 
     denied or revoked by the agency or for whom reciprocity of 
     clearance was denied by the agency can appeal that denial or 
     revocation within the agency.
       ``(2) Elements.--The process required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       ``(A) In the case of a covered person to whom eligibility 
     for access to classified information or reciprocity of 
     clearance is denied or revoked by an agency, the following:
       ``(i) The head of the agency shall provide the covered 
     person with a written--

       ``(I) detailed explanation of the basis for the denial or 
     revocation as the head of the agency determines is consistent 
     with the interests of national security and as permitted by 
     other applicable provisions of law; and
       ``(II) notice of the right of the covered person to a 
     hearing and appeal under this subsection.

       ``(ii) Not later than 30 days after receiving a request 
     from the covered person for copies of the documents that 
     formed the basis of the agency's decision to revoke or deny, 
     including the investigative file, the head of the agency 
     shall provide to the covered person copies of such documents 
     as--

       ``(I) the head of the agency determines is consistent with 
     the interests of national security; and
       ``(II) permitted by other applicable provisions of law, 
     including--

       ``(aa) section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
     known as the `Freedom of Information Act');
       ``(bb) section 552a of such title (commonly known as the 
     `Privacy Act of 1974'); and
       ``(cc) such other provisions of law relating to the 
     protection of confidential sources and privacy of 
     individuals.
       ``(iii)(I) The covered person shall have the opportunity to 
     retain counsel or other representation at the covered 
     person's expense.
       ``(II) Upon the request of the covered person, and a 
     showing that the ability to review classified information is 
     essential to the resolution of an appeal under this 
     subsection, counsel or other representation retained under 
     this clause shall be considered for access to classified 
     information for the limited purposes of such appeal.
       ``(iv)(I) The head of the agency shall provide the covered 
     person an opportunity, at a point in the process determined 
     by the agency head--

       ``(aa) to appear personally before an adjudicative or other 
     authority, other than the investigating entity, and to 
     present to such authority relevant documents, materials, and 
     information, including evidence that past problems relating 
     to the denial or revocation have been overcome or 
     sufficiently mitigated; and
       ``(bb) to call and cross-examine witnesses before such 
     authority, unless the head of the agency determines that 
     calling and cross-examining witnesses is not consistent with 
     the interests of national security.

       ``(II) The head of the agency shall make, as part of the 
     security record of the covered person, a written summary, 
     transcript, or recording of any appearance under item (aa) of 
     subclause (I) or of any calling or cross-examining of 
     witnesses under item (bb) of such subclause.
       ``(v) On or before the date that is 30 days after the date 
     on which the covered person receives copies of documents 
     under clause (ii), the covered person may request a hearing 
     of the decision to deny or revoke by filing a written appeal 
     with the head of the agency.
       ``(B) A requirement that each review of a decision under 
     this subsection is completed on average not later than 180 
     days after the date on which a hearing is requested under 
     subparagraph (A)(v).
       ``(3) Agency review panels.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each head of an agency shall establish a 
     panel to hear and review appeals under this subsection.
       ``(B) Membership.--
       ``(i) Composition.--Each panel established by the head of 
     an agency under subparagraph (A) shall be composed of at 
     least three employees of the agency selected by the agency 
     head, two of whom shall not be members of the security field.
       ``(ii) Terms.--A term of service on a panel established by 
     the head of an agency under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 
     2 years.
       ``(C) Decisions.--
       ``(i) Written.--Each decision of a panel established under 
     subparagraph (A) shall be in writing and contain a 
     justification of the decision.
       ``(ii) Consistency.--Each head of an agency that 
     establishes a panel under subparagraph (A) shall ensure that 
     each decision of the panel is consistent with the interests 
     of national security and applicable provisions of law.
       ``(iii) Overturn.--The head of an agency may overturn a 
     decision of the panel if, not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which the panel issues the decision, the agency head 
     personally exercises the authority granted by this clause to 
     overturn such decision.
       ``(iv) Finality.--Each decision of a panel established 
     under subparagraph (A) or overturned pursuant to clause (iii) 
     of this subparagraph shall be final.
       ``(D) Access to classified information.--The head of an 
     agency that establishes a panel under subparagraph (A) shall 
     afford access to classified information to the members of the 
     panel as the agency head determines--
       ``(i) necessary for the panel to hear and review an appeal 
     under this subsection; and
       ``(ii) consistent with the interests of national security.
       ``(4) Representation by counsel.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each head of an agency shall ensure 
     that, under this subsection, a covered person appealing a 
     decision of the head's agency under this subsection has an 
     opportunity to retain counsel or other representation at the 
     covered person's expense.
       ``(B) Access to classified information.--
       ``(i) In general.--Upon the request of a covered person 
     appealing a decision of an agency under this subsection and a 
     showing that the ability to review classified information is 
     essential to the resolution of the appeal under this 
     subsection, the head of the agency shall sponsor an 
     application by the counsel or other representation retained 
     under this paragraph for access to classified information for 
     the limited purposes of such appeal.
       ``(ii) Extent of access.--Counsel or another representative 
     who is cleared for access under this subparagraph may be 
     afforded access to relevant classified materials to the 
     extent consistent with the interests of national security.
       ``(5) Publication of decisions.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each head of an agency shall publish 
     each final decision on an appeal under this subsection.
       ``(B) Requirements.--In order to ensure transparency, 
     oversight by Congress, and meaningful information for those 
     who need to understand how the clearance process works, each 
     publication under subparagraph (A) shall be--
       ``(i) made in a manner that is consistent with section 552 
     of title 5, United States Code, as amended by the Electronic 
     Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996 (Public Law 
     104-231);
       ``(ii) published to explain the facts of the case, 
     redacting personally identifiable information and sensitive 
     program information; and
       ``(iii) made available on a website that is searchable by 
     members of the public.
       ``(c) Period of Time for the Right to Appeal.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), any 
     covered person who has been the subject of a decision made by 
     the head of an agency to deny or revoke eligibility for 
     access to classified information shall retain all rights to 
     appeal under this section until the conclusion of the appeals 
     process under this section.
       ``(2) Waiver of rights.--
       ``(A) Persons.--Any covered person may voluntarily waive 
     the covered person's right to appeal under this section and 
     such waiver shall be conclusive.
       ``(B) Agencies.--The head of an agency may not require a 
     covered person to waive the covered person's right to appeal 
     under this section for any reason.
       ``(d) Waiver of Availability of Procedures for National 
     Security Interest.--
       ``(1) In general.--If the head of an agency determines that 
     a procedure established under subsection (b) cannot be made 
     available to a covered person in an exceptional case without 
     damaging a national security interest of the United States by 
     revealing classified information, such procedure shall not be 
     made available to such covered person.
       ``(2) Finality.--A determination under paragraph (1) shall 
     be final and conclusive

[[Page S3350]]

     and may not be reviewed by any other official or by any 
     court.
       ``(3) Reporting.--
       ``(A) Case-by-case.--
       ``(i) In general.--In each case in which the head of an 
     agency determines under paragraph (1) that a procedure 
     established under subsection (b) cannot be made available to 
     a covered person, the agency head shall, not later than 30 
     days after the date on which the agency head makes such 
     determination, submit to the Security Executive Agent and to 
     the congressional intelligence committees a report stating 
     the reasons for the determination.
       ``(ii) Form.--A report submitted under clause (i) may be 
     submitted in classified form as necessary.
       ``(B) Annual reports.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than once each 
     fiscal year, the Security Executive Agent shall submit to the 
     congressional intelligence committees a report on the 
     determinations made under paragraph (1) during the previous 
     fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the period covered by the report, the 
     following:

       ``(I) The number of cases and reasons for determinations 
     made under paragraph (1), disaggregated by agency.
       ``(II) Such other matters as the Security Executive Agent 
     considers appropriate.

       ``(e) Denials and Revocations Under Other Provisions of 
     Law.--
       ``(1) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed to limit or affect the responsibility and power 
     of the head of an agency to deny or revoke eligibility for 
     access to classified information or to deny reciprocity of 
     clearance in the interest of national security.
       ``(2) Denials and revocation.--The power and responsibility 
     to deny or revoke eligibility for access to classified 
     information or to deny reciprocity of clearance pursuant to 
     any other provision of law or Executive order may be 
     exercised only when the head of an agency determines that an 
     applicable process established under this section cannot be 
     invoked in a manner that is consistent with national 
     security.
       ``(3) Finality.--A determination under paragraph (2) shall 
     be final and conclusive and may not be reviewed by any other 
     official or by any court.
       ``(4) Reporting.--
       ``(A) Case-by-case.--
       ``(i) In general.--In each case in which the head of an 
     agency determines under paragraph (2) that a determination 
     relating to a denial or revocation of eligibility for access 
     to classified information or denial of reciprocity of 
     clearance could not be made pursuant to a process established 
     under this section, the agency head shall, not later than 30 
     days after the date on which the agency head makes such a 
     determination under paragraph (2), submit to the Security 
     Executive Agent and to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report stating the reasons for the 
     determination.
       ``(ii) Form.--A report submitted under clause (i) may be 
     submitted in classified form as necessary.
       ``(B) Annual reports.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than once each 
     fiscal year, the Security Executive Agent shall submit to the 
     congressional intelligence committees a report on the 
     determinations made under paragraph (2) during the previous 
     fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the period covered by the report, the 
     following:

       ``(I) The number of cases and reasons for determinations 
     made under paragraph (2), disaggregated by agency.
       ``(II) Such other matters as the Security Executive Agent 
     considers appropriate.

       ``(f) Relationship to Suitability.--No person may use a 
     determination of suitability under part 731 of title 5, Code 
     of Federal Regulations, or successor regulation, for the 
     purpose of denying a covered person the review proceedings of 
     this section where there has been a denial or revocation of 
     eligibility for access to classified information or a denial 
     of reciprocity of clearance.
       ``(g) Preservation of Roles and Responsibilities Under 
     Executive Order 10865 and of the Defense Office of Hearings 
     and Appeals.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
     diminish or otherwise affect the procedures in effect on the 
     day before the date of the enactment of this Act for denial 
     and revocation procedures provided to individuals by 
     Executive Order 10865 (50 U.S.C. 3161 note; relating to 
     safeguarding classified information within industry), or 
     successor order, including those administered through the 
     Defense Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of 
     Defense under Department of Defense Directive 5220.6, or 
     successor directive.
       ``(h) Rule of Construction Relating to Certain Other 
     Provisions of Law.--This section and the processes and 
     procedures established under this section shall not be 
     construed to apply to paragraphs (6) and (7) of section 
     3001(j) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
     Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 3341(j)).''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in the 
     matter preceding section 2 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3002), as amended by subsection (c), is 
     further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
     section 801A the following:

``Sec. 801B. Right to appeal.''.

     SEC. 402. ESTABLISHING PROCESS PARITY FOR SECURITY CLEARANCE 
                   REVOCATIONS.

       Subparagraph (C) of section 3001(j)(4) of the Intelligence 
     Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 
     3341(j)(4)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(C) Burdens of proof.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (iii), in determining 
     whether the adverse security clearance or access 
     determination violated paragraph (1), the agency shall find 
     that paragraph (1) was violated if the individual has 
     demonstrated that a disclosure described in paragraph (1) was 
     a contributing factor in the adverse security clearance or 
     access determination taken against the individual.
       ``(ii) Circumstantial evidence.--An individual under clause 
     (i) may demonstrate that the disclosure was a contributing 
     factor in the adverse security clearance or access 
     determination taken against the individual through 
     circumstantial evidence, such as evidence that--

       ``(I) the official making the determination knew of the 
     disclosure; and
       ``(II) the determination occurred within a period such that 
     a reasonable person could conclude that the disclosure was a 
     contributing factor in the determination.

       ``(iii) Defense.--In determining whether the adverse 
     security clearance or access determination violated paragraph 
     (1), the agency shall not find that paragraph (1) was 
     violated if, after a finding that a disclosure was a 
     contributing factor, the agency demonstrates by clear and 
     convincing evidence that it would have made the same security 
     clearance or access determination in the absence of such 
     disclosure.''.

     SEC. 403. FEDERAL POLICY ON SHARING OF DEROGATORY INFORMATION 
                   PERTAINING TO CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEES IN THE 
                   TRUSTED WORKFORCE.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive 
     Agent, in coordination with the principal members of the 
     Performance Accountability Council and the Attorney General, 
     shall issue a policy for the Federal Government on sharing of 
     derogatory information pertaining to contractor employees 
     engaged by the Federal Government.
       (b) Consent Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--The policy issued under subsection (a) 
     shall require, as a condition of accepting a security 
     clearance with the Federal Government, that a contractor 
     employee provide prior written consent for the Federal 
     Government to share covered derogatory information with the 
     chief security officer of the contractor employer that 
     employs the contractor employee.
       (2) Covered derogatory information.--For purposes of this 
     section, covered derogatory information--
       (A) is information that--
       (i) contravenes National Security Adjudicative Guidelines 
     as specified in Security Executive Agent Directive 4 (10 
     C.F.R. 710 app. A), or any successor Federal policy;
       (ii) a Federal Government agency certifies is accurate and 
     reliable;
       (iii) is relevant to a contractor's ability to protect 
     against insider threats as required by section 1-202 of the 
     National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual 
     (NISPOM), or successor manual; and
       (iv) may have a bearing on the contractor employee's 
     suitability for a position of public trust or to receive 
     credentials to access certain facilities of the Federal 
     Government; and
       (B) shall include any negative information considered in 
     the adjudicative process, including information provided by 
     the contractor employee on forms submitted for the processing 
     of the contractor employee's security clearance.
       (c) Elements.--The policy issued under subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) require Federal agencies, except under exceptional 
     circumstances specified by the Security Executive Agent, to 
     share with the contractor employer of a contractor employee 
     engaged with the Federal Government the existence of 
     potentially derogatory information and which National 
     Security Adjudicative Guideline it falls under, with the 
     exception that the Security Executive Agent may waive such 
     requirement in circumstances the Security Executive Agent 
     considers extraordinary;
       (2) require that covered derogatory information shared with 
     a contractor employer as described in subsection (b)(1) be 
     used by the contractor employer exclusively for risk 
     mitigation purposes under section 1-202 of the National 
     Industrial Security Program Operating Manual, or successor 
     manual;
       (3) require Federal agencies to share any mitigation 
     measures in place to address the derogatory information;
       (4) establish standards for timeliness for sharing the 
     derogatory information;
       (5) specify the methods by which covered derogatory 
     information will be shared with the contractor employer of 
     the contractor employee;
       (6) allow the contractor employee, within a specified 
     timeframe, the right--
       (A) to contest the accuracy and reliability of covered 
     derogatory information;
       (B) to address or remedy any concerns raised by the covered 
     derogatory information; and
       (C) to provide documentation pertinent to subparagraph (A) 
     or (B) for an agency to place in relevant security clearance 
     databases;
       (7) establish a procedure by which the contractor employer 
     of the contractor employee may consult with the Federal 
     Government

[[Page S3351]]

     prior to taking any remedial action under section 1-202 of 
     the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual, or 
     successor manual, to address the derogatory information the 
     Federal agency has provided;
       (8) stipulate that the chief security officer of the 
     contractor employer is prohibited from sharing or discussing 
     covered derogatory information with other parties, including 
     nonsecurity professionals at the contractor employer; and
       (9) require companies in the National Industrial Security 
     Program to comply with the policy.
       (d) Consideration of Lessons Learned From Information-
     sharing Program for Positions of Trust and Security 
     Clearances.--In developing the policy issued under subsection 
     (a), the Director shall consider, to the extent available, 
     lessons learned from actions taken to carry out section 
     6611(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).

                   TITLE V--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

     SEC. 501. SECURE AND TRUSTED TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate;
       (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       (C) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (D) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
     of the Senate;
       (F) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       (G) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives;
       (H) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (I) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (J) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (K) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (L) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Fifth-generation wireless network.--The term ``fifth-
     generation wireless network'' means a radio network as 
     described by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 
     Release 15 or higher.
       (b) Supporting the Development and Adoption of Secure and 
     Trusted Technologies Among Intelligence Allies and 
     Partners.--
       (1) Communications technology security and innovation 
     fund.--
       (A) Establishment of fund.--
       (i) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of 
     the United States a fund to be known as the ``Communications 
     Technology Security and Innovation Fund'' (referred to in 
     this paragraph as the ``Security Fund'').
       (ii) Administration.--The Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall administer the 
     Security Fund.
       (iii) Contents of fund.--

       (I) In general.--The fund shall consist of--

       (aa) amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
     appropriations under paragraph (3)(A); and
       (bb) such other amounts as may be appropriated or otherwise 
     made available to the Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity to be deposited in the Security 
     Fund.

       (II) Availability.--

       (aa) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Security Fund 
     shall remain available through the end of the tenth fiscal 
     year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (bb) Remainder to treasury.--Any amounts remaining in the 
     Security Fund after the end of the tenth fiscal year 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act shall 
     be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury.
       (iv) Use of amounts.--Amounts deposited in the Security 
     Fund shall be available to the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity to award grants under 
     subparagraph (B).
       (B) Grants.--
       (i) In general.--The Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity shall award grants to support 
     research and the commercial application of such research, 
     including in the following areas:

       (I) Promoting the development of technology, including 
     software, hardware, and microprocessing technology, that will 
     enhance competitiveness in fifth-generation (commonly known 
     as ``5G'') and successor wireless technology supply chains.
       (II) Accelerating development and deployment of open 
     interface, standards-based compatible interoperable 
     equipment, such as equipment developed pursuant to the 
     standards set forth by organizations such as the O-RAN 
     Alliance, the Telecom Infra Project, 3GPP, the O-RAN Software 
     Community, or any successor organizations.
       (III) Promoting compatibility of new fifth-generation 
     wireless network equipment with future open standards-based 
     interoperable equipment.
       (IV) Managing integration of multivendor network 
     environments.
       (V) Objective criteria to define equipment as compliant 
     with open standards for multivendor network equipment 
     interoperability.
       (VI) Promoting development and inclusion of security 
     features enhancing the integrity and availability of 
     equipment in multivendor networks.
       (VII) Promoting the application of network function 
     virtualization to facilitate multivendor interoperability and 
     a more diverse vendor market.

       (ii) Amount.--

       (I) In general.--Subject to subclause (II), a grant awarded 
     under clause (i) shall be in such amount as the Director of 
     the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity consider 
     appropriate.
       (II) Limitation on grant amounts.--The amount of a grant 
     awarded under this paragraph to a recipient for a specific 
     research focus area may not exceed $100,000,000.

       (iii) Criteria.--The Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
     Communications and Information, the Director of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, shall establish criteria for grants 
     awarded under clause (i).
       (iv) Timing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall begin awarding 
     grants under clause (i).
       (C) Federal advisory body.--
       (i) Establishment.--The Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall establish a Federal 
     advisory committee, in accordance with the Federal Advisory 
     Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), composed of government and 
     private sector experts, to advise the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity on the 
     administration of the Security Fund.
       (ii) Composition.--The advisory committee established under 
     clause (i) shall be composed of--

       (I) representatives from--

       (aa) the Federal Communications Commission;
       (bb) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
       (cc) the Department of Defense;
       (dd) the Department of State;
       (ee) the National Science Foundation; and
       (ff) the Department of Homeland Security; and

       (II) other representatives from the private and public 
     sectors, at the discretion of the Security Fund.

       (iii) Duties.--The advisory committee established under 
     clause (i) shall advise the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity on technology 
     developments to help inform--

       (I) the strategic direction of the Security Fund; and
       (II) efforts of the Federal Government to promote a more 
     secure, diverse, sustainable, and competitive supply chain.

       (D) Reports to congress.--
       (i) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity shall submit 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a report with--

       (I) additional recommendations on promoting the 
     competitiveness and sustainability of trusted suppliers in 
     the wireless supply chain; and
       (II) any additional authorities needed to facilitate the 
     timely adoption of open standards-based equipment, including 
     authority to provide loans, loan guarantees, and other forms 
     of credit extension that would maximize the use of designated 
     funds.

       (ii) Annual report.--For each fiscal year for which amounts 
     in the Security Fund are available under this paragraph, the 
     Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects 
     Activity shall submit to Congress a report that--

       (I) describes how, and to whom, grants have been awarded 
     under subparagraph (B);
       (II) details the progress of the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity in meeting 
     the objectives described in subparagraph (B)(i); and
       (III) includes such other information as the Director of 
     the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity 
     determine appropriate.

       (2) Multilateral telecommunications security fund.--
       (A) Establishment of fund.--
       (i) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of 
     the United States a fund to be known as the ``Multilateral 
     Telecommunications Security Fund'' (in this section referred 
     to as the ``Multilateral Fund'').
       (ii) Administration.--The Director of National Intelligence 
     and the Secretary of Defense shall jointly administer the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (iii) Use of amounts.--Amounts in the Multilateral Fund 
     shall be used to establish the common funding mechanism 
     required by subparagraph (B).
       (iv) Contents of fund.--

       (I) In general.--The Multilateral Fund shall consist of 
     amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
     appropriations under paragraph (3)(B) and such other amounts 
     as may be appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
     Director and the Secretary to be deposited in the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (II) Availability.--

       (aa) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Multilateral 
     Fund shall remain available through fiscal year 2031.
       (bb) Remainder to treasury.--Any amounts remaining in the 
     Fund after fiscal year 2031 shall be deposited in the General 
     Fund of the Treasury.

[[Page S3352]]

       (B) Multilateral common funding mechanism.--
       (i) In general.--The Director and the Secretary shall 
     jointly, in coordination with foreign partners, establish a 
     common funding mechanism that uses amounts from the 
     Multilateral Fund to support the development and adoption of 
     secure and trusted telecommunications technologies in key 
     markets globally.
       (ii) Consultation required.--The Director and the Secretary 
     shall carry out clause (i) in consultation with the 
     following:

       (I) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (II) The Secretary of State.
       (III) The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
     Communications and Information.
       (IV) The Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research 
     Projects Activity.
       (V) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and 
     Technology.

       (C) Annual report to congress.--
       (i) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and not less frequently than once 
     each fiscal year thereafter until fiscal year 2031, the 
     Director and the Secretary shall jointly submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress an annual report on the 
     Multilateral Fund and the use of amounts under subparagraph 
     (B).
       (ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the fiscal year covered by the report, the 
     following:

       (I) Any funding commitments from foreign partners, 
     including each specific amount committed.
       (II) Governing criteria for use of the amounts in the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (III) An account of--

       (aa) how, and to whom, funds have been deployed;
       (bb) amounts remaining in the Multilateral Fund; and
       (cc) the progress of the Director and the Secretary in 
     meeting the objective described in subparagraph (B)(i).

       (IV) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Director and the Secretary may have to enhance 
     the effectiveness of the Multilateral Fund in achieving the 
     security goals of the United States.

       (3) Authorization of appropriations.--
       (A) Communications technology security and innovation 
     fund.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     paragraph (1) $750,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
     2021 through 2031.
       (B) Multilateral telecommunications security fund.--There 
     is authorized to be appropriated to carry out paragraph (2) 
     $750,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2021 through 
     2031.
       (c) Exposing Political Pressure in International Standards-
     setting Bodies That Set Standards for Fifth-generation 
     Wireless Networks.--
       (1) Report required.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on political pressure within international 
     forums that set standards for fifth-generation wireless 
     networks and for future generations of wireless networks, 
     including--
       (i) the International Telecommunication Union (ITU);
       (ii) the International Organization for Standardization 
     (ISO);
       (iii) the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission 
     (CITEL); and
       (iv) the voluntary standards organizations that develop 
     protocols for wireless devices and other equipment, such as 
     the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and the 
     Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
       (B) Form.--The report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (2) Consultation required.--The Director and the Secretary 
     shall carry out paragraph (1) in consultation with the 
     following:
       (A) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (B) The Secretary of State.
       (C) The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
     and Information.
       (D) The Secretary of Defense.
       (E) The Director of National Intelligence.
       (F) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and 
     Technology.

     SEC. 502. REPORT ON ATTEMPTS BY FOREIGN ADVERSARIES TO BUILD 
                   TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND CYBERSECURITY EQUIPMENT 
                   AND SERVICES FOR, OR TO PROVIDE SUCH EQUIPMENT 
                   AND SERVICES TO, CERTAIN ALLIES OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent 
     Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Five eyes country.--The term ``Five Eyes country'' 
     means any of the following:
       (A) Australia.
       (B) Canada.
       (C) New Zealand.
       (D) The United Kingdom.
       (E) The United States.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency, the Director of the National Security 
     Agency, and the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency 
     shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on attempts by foreign adversaries to build 
     telecommunications and cybersecurity equipment and services 
     for, or to provide such equipment and services to, Five Eyes 
     countries.
       (c) Elements.--The report submitted under subsection (b) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An assessment of United States intelligence sharing and 
     intelligence and military force posture in any Five Eyes 
     country that currently uses or intends to use 
     telecommunications or cybersecurity equipment or services 
     provided by a foreign adversary of the United States, 
     including China and Russia.
       (2) A description and assessment of mitigation of any 
     potential compromises or risks for any circumstance described 
     in paragraph (1).
       (d) Form.--The report required by subsection (b) shall 
     include an unclassified executive summary, and may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 503. REPORT ON THREATS POSED BY USE BY FOREIGN 
                   GOVERNMENTS AND ENTITIES OF COMMERCIALLY 
                   AVAILABLE CYBER INTRUSION AND SURVEILLANCE 
                   TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence 
     committees a report on the threats posed by the use by 
     foreign governments and entities of commercially available 
     cyber intrusion and other surveillance technology.
       (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Matters relating to threats described in subsection (a) 
     as they pertain to the following:
       (A) The threat posed to United States persons and persons 
     inside the United States.
       (B) The threat posed to United States personnel overseas.
       (C) The threat posed to employees of the Federal 
     Government, including through both official and personal 
     accounts and devices.
       (2) A description of which foreign governments and entities 
     pose the greatest threats from the use of technology 
     described in subsection (a) and the nature of those threats.
       (3) An assessment of the source of the commercially 
     available cyber intrusion and other surveillance technology 
     that poses the threats described in subsection (a), including 
     whether such technology is made by United States companies or 
     companies in the United States or by foreign companies.
       (4) An assessment of actions taken, as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, by the Federal Government and foreign 
     governments to limit the export of technology described in 
     subsection (a) from the United States or foreign countries to 
     foreign governments and entities in ways that pose the 
     threats described in such subsection.
       (5) Matters relating to how the Federal Government, 
     Congress, and foreign governments can most effectively 
     mitigate the threats described in subsection (a), including 
     matters relating to the following:
       (A) Working with the technology and telecommunications 
     industry to identify and improve the security of consumer 
     software and hardware used by United States persons and 
     persons inside the United States that is targeted by 
     commercial cyber intrusion and surveillance software.
       (B) Export controls.
       (C) Diplomatic pressure.
       (D) Trade agreements.
       (c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 504. REPORTS ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE CYBERSPACE 
                   SOLARIUM COMMISSION.

       (a) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this section, 
     the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Select Committee 
     on Intelligence, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
     Transportation, and the Committee on Energy and Natural 
     Resources of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Homeland 
     Security, the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, 
     and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (b) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, each head of an agency 
     described in subsection (c) shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on the recommendations 
     included in the report issued by the Cyberspace Solarium 
     Commission under section 1652(k) of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232).
       (c) Agencies Described.--The agencies described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
       (2) The Department of Homeland Security.
       (3) The Department of Energy.
       (4) The Department of Commerce.
       (5) The Department of Defense.

[[Page S3353]]

       (d) Contents.--Each report submitted under subsection (b) 
     by the head of an agency described in subsection (c) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An evaluation of the recommendations in the report 
     described in subsection (b) that the agency identifies as 
     pertaining directly to the agency.
       (2) A description of the actions taken, or the actions that 
     the head of the agency may consider taking, to implement any 
     of the recommendations (including a comprehensive estimate of 
     requirements for appropriations to take such actions).

     SEC. 505. ASSESSMENT OF CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY TRENDS RELATING 
                   TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, MICROCHIPS, AND 
                   SEMICONDUCTORS AND RELATED SUPPLY CHAINS.

       (a) Assessment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall complete a detailed assessment of critical 
     technology trends relating to artificial intelligence, 
     microchips, and semiconductors and related supply chains.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) Export controls.--
       (A) In general.--An assessment of efforts by partner 
     countries to enact and implement export controls and other 
     technology transfer measures with respect to artificial 
     intelligence, microchips, advanced manufacturing equipment, 
     and other artificial intelligence enabled technologies 
     critical to United States supply chains.
       (B) Identification of opportunities for cooperation.--The 
     assessment under subparagraph (A) shall identify 
     opportunities for further cooperation with international 
     partners on a multilateral and bilateral basis to strengthen 
     export control regimes and address technology transfer 
     threats.
       (2) Semiconductor supply chains.--
       (A) In general.--An assessment of global semiconductor 
     supply chains, including areas to reduce United States 
     vulnerabilities and maximize points of leverage.
       (B) Analysis of potential effects.--The assessment under 
     subparagraph (A) shall include an analysis of the potential 
     effects of significant geopolitical shifts, including those 
     related to Taiwan.
       (C) Identification of opportunities for diversification.--
     The assessment under subparagraph (A) shall also identify 
     opportunities for diversification of United States supply 
     chains, including an assessment of cost, challenges, and 
     opportunities to diversify manufacturing capabilities on a 
     multinational basis.
       (3) Computing power.--An assessment of trends relating to 
     computing power and the effect of such trends on global 
     artificial intelligence development and implementation, in 
     consultation with the Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity, the Director of the Defense 
     Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the Director of the 
     National Institute of Standards and Technology, including 
     forward-looking assessments of how computing resources may 
     affect United States national security, innovation, and 
     implementation relating to artificial intelligence.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) Definition of appropriate committees of congress.--In 
     this subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of 
     Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
     Affairs, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Financial 
     Services, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
     of Representatives.
       (2) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the findings 
     of the Director with respect to the assessment completed 
     under subsection (a).
       (3) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (2) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 506. COMBATING CHINESE INFLUENCE OPERATIONS IN THE 
                   UNITED STATES AND STRENGTHENING CIVIL LIBERTIES 
                   PROTECTIONS.

       (a) Updates to Annual Reports on Influence Operations and 
     Campaigns in the United States by the Chinese Communist 
     Party.--Section 1107(b) of the National Security Act of 1947 
     (50 U.S.C. 3237(b)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
       ``(8) An identification of influence activities and 
     operations employed by the Chinese Communist Party against 
     the United States science and technology sectors, 
     specifically employees of the United States Government, 
     researchers, scientists, and students in the science and 
     technology sector in the United States.''.
       (b) Plan for Federal Bureau of Investigation to Increase 
     Public Awareness and Detection of Influence Activities by the 
     Government of the People's Republic of China.--
       (1) Plan required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal 
     Bureau of Investigation shall submit to the congressional 
     intelligence committees a plan--
       (A) to increase public awareness of influence activities by 
     the Government of the People's Republic of China; and
       (B) to publicize mechanisms that members of the public can 
     use--
       (i) to detect such activities; and
       (ii) to report such activities to the Bureau.
       (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Director shall consult with the following:
       (A) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy.
       (B) Such other stakeholders outside the intelligence 
     community, including professional associations, institutions 
     of higher education, businesses, and civil rights and 
     multicultural organizations, as the Director determines 
     relevant.
       (c) Recommendations of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
     to Strengthen Relationships and Build Trust With Communities 
     of Interest.--
       (1) In general.--The Director of the Federal Bureau of 
     Investigation, in consultation with the Assistant Attorney 
     General for the Civil Rights Division and the Chief Privacy 
     and Civil Liberties Officer of the Department of Justice, 
     shall develop recommendations to strengthen relationships 
     with communities targeted by influence activities of the 
     Government of the People's Republic of China and build trust 
     with such communities through local and regional grassroots 
     outreach.
       (2) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit 
     to Congress the recommendations developed under paragraph 
     (1).
       (d) Technical Corrections.--The National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) in section 1107 (50 U.S.C. 3237)--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``communist party 
     of china'' and inserting ``chinese communist party''; and
       (B) by striking ``Communist Party of China'' both places it 
     appears and inserting ``Chinese Communist Party''; and
       (2) in the table of contents before section 2 (50 U.S.C. 
     3002), by striking the item relating to section 1107 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 1107. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in 
              the United States by the Chinese Communist Party.''.

     SEC. 507. ANNUAL REPORT ON CORRUPT ACTIVITIES OF SENIOR 
                   OFFICIALS OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
     the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
     and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
     Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (b) Annual Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 
     2025, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
     the corruption and corrupt activities of senior officials of 
     the Chinese Communist Party.
       (2) Elements.--
       (A) In general.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (i) A description of the wealth of, and corruption and 
     corrupt activities among, senior officials of the Chinese 
     Communist Party.
       (ii) A description of any recent actions of the officials 
     described in clause (i) that could be considered a violation, 
     or potential violation, of United States law.
       (iii) A description and assessment of targeted financial 
     measures, including potential targets for designation of the 
     officials described in clause (i) for the corruption and 
     corrupt activities described in that clause and for the 
     actions described in clause (ii).
       (B) Scope of reports.--The first report under paragraph (1) 
     shall include comprehensive information on the matters 
     described in subparagraph (A). Any succeeding report under 
     paragraph (1) may consist of an update or supplement to the 
     preceding report under that subsection.
       (3) Coordination.--In preparing each report, update, or 
     supplement under this subsection, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency shall coordinate as follows:
       (A) In preparing the description required by clause (i) of 
     paragraph (2)(A), the Director of the Central Intelligence 
     Agency shall coordinate with the head of the Office of 
     Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the Treasury 
     and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
       (B) In preparing the descriptions required by clauses (ii) 
     and (iii) of such paragraph, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency shall coordinate with the head of the 
     Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of the 
     Treasury.
       (4) Form.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include an 
     unclassified executive summary, and may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the United States should undertake every effort and pursue 
     every opportunity to expose the corruption and illicit

[[Page S3354]]

     practices of senior officials of the Chinese Communist Party, 
     including President Xi Jinping.

     SEC. 508. REPORT ON CORRUPT ACTIVITIES OF RUSSIAN AND OTHER 
                   EASTERN EUROPEAN OLIGARCHS.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
     the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
     and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
     Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 100 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress and the Undersecretary of State for 
     Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs a report on the 
     corruption and corrupt activities of Russian and other 
     Eastern European oligarchs.
       (c) Elements.--
       (1) In general.--Each report under subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of corruption and corrupt activities 
     among Russian and other Eastern European oligarchs who 
     support the Government of the Russian Federation, including 
     estimates of the total assets of such oligarchs.
       (B) An assessment of the impact of the corruption and 
     corrupt activities described pursuant to subparagraph (A) on 
     the economy and citizens of Russia.
       (C) A description of any connections to, or support of, 
     organized crime, drug smuggling, or human trafficking by an 
     oligarch covered by subparagraph (A).
       (D) A description of any information that reveals 
     corruption and corrupt activities in Russia among oligarchs 
     covered by subparagraph (A).
       (E) A description and assessment of potential sanctions 
     actions that could be imposed upon oligarchs covered by 
     subparagraph (A) who support the leadership of the Government 
     of Russia, including President Vladimir Putin.
       (2) Scope of reports.--The first report under subsection 
     (a) shall include comprehensive information on the matters 
     described in paragraph (1). Any succeeding report under 
     subsection (a) may consist of an update or supplement to the 
     preceding report under that subsection.
       (d) Coordination.--In preparing each report, update, or 
     supplement under this section, the Director of the Central 
     Intelligence Agency shall coordinate as follows:
       (1) In preparing the assessment and descriptions required 
     by subparagraphs (A) through (D) of subsection (c)(1), the 
     Director of the Central Intelligence Agency shall coordinate 
     with the head of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of 
     the Department of the Treasury and the Director of the 
     Federal Bureau of Investigation.
       (2) In preparing the description and assessment required by 
     subparagraph (E) of such subsection, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency shall coordinate with the head of 
     the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of 
     the Treasury.
       (e) Form.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), each report 
     under subsection (b) shall include an unclassified executive 
     summary, and may include a classified annex.
       (2) Unclassified form of certain information.--The 
     information described in subsection (c)(1)(D) in each report 
     under subsection (b) shall be submitted in unclassified form.

     SEC. 509. REPORT ON BIOSECURITY RISK AND DISINFORMATION BY 
                   THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY AND THE GOVERNMENT 
                   OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the 
     Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the 
     Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate; and
       (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee 
     on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Critical infrastructure.--The term ``critical 
     infrastructure'' has the meaning given such term in section 
     1016(e) of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing 
     Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct 
     Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)).
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report identifying whether and how officials of 
     the Chinese Communist Party and the Government of the 
     People's Republic of China may have sought--
       (1) to suppress information about--
       (A) the outbreak of the novel coronavirus in Wuhan;
       (B) the spread of the virus through China; and
       (C) the transmission of the virus to other countries;
       (2) to spread disinformation relating to the pandemic; or
       (3) to exploit the pandemic to advance their national 
     security interests.
       (c) Assessments.--The report required by subsection (b) 
     shall include assessments of reported actions and the effect 
     of those actions on efforts to contain the novel coronavirus 
     pandemic, including each of the following:
       (1) The origins of the novel coronavirus outbreak, the time 
     and location of initial infections, and the mode and speed of 
     early viral spread.
       (2) Actions taken by the Government of China to suppress, 
     conceal, or misinform the people of China and those of other 
     countries about the novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan.
       (3) The effect of disinformation or the failure of the 
     Government of China to fully disclose details of the outbreak 
     on response efforts of local governments in China and other 
     countries.
       (4) Diplomatic, political, economic, intelligence, or other 
     pressure on other countries and international organizations 
     to conceal information about the spread of the novel 
     coronavirus and the response of the Government of China to 
     the contagion, as well as to influence or coerce early 
     responses to the pandemic by other countries.
       (5) Efforts by officials of the Government of China to deny 
     access to health experts and international health 
     organizations to afflicted individuals in Wuhan, pertinent 
     areas of the city, or laboratories of interest in China, 
     including the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
       (6) Efforts by the Government of China, or those acting at 
     its direction or with its assistance, to conduct cyber 
     operations against international, national, or private health 
     organizations conducting research relating to the novel 
     coronavirus or operating in response to the pandemic.
       (7) Efforts to control, restrict, or manipulate relevant 
     segments of global supply chains, particularly in the sale, 
     trade, or provision of relevant medicines, medical supplies, 
     or medical equipment as a result of the pandemic.
       (8) Efforts to advance the economic, intelligence, national 
     security, and political objectives of the Government of China 
     by exploiting vulnerabilities of foreign governments, 
     economies, and companies under financial duress as a result 
     of the pandemic or to accelerate economic espionage and 
     intellectual property theft.
       (9) Efforts to exploit the disruption of the pharmaceutical 
     and telecommunications industries as well as other industries 
     tied to critical infrastructure and bilateral trade between 
     China and the United States and between China and allies and 
     partners of the United States in order to advance the 
     economic and political objectives of the Government of China 
     following the pandemic.
       (d) Form.--The report required under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 510. REPORT ON EFFECT OF LIFTING OF UNITED NATIONS ARMS 
                   EMBARGO ON ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, in consultation with such heads of other 
     elements of the intelligence community as the Director 
     considers appropriate, shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on--
       (1) the plans of the Government of the Islamic Republic of 
     Iran to acquire military arms if the ban on arms transfers to 
     or from such government under United Nations Security Council 
     resolutions are lifted; and
       (2) the effect such arms acquisitions may have on regional 
     security and stability.
       (c) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (b) 
     shall include assessments relating to plans of the Government 
     of the Islamic Republic of Iran to acquire additional 
     weapons, the intention of other countries to provide such 
     weapons, and the effect such acquisition and provision would 
     have on regional stability, including with respect to each of 
     the following:
       (1) The type and quantity of weapon systems under 
     consideration for acquisition.
       (2) The countries of origin of such systems.
       (3) Likely reactions of other countries in the region to 
     such acquisition, including the potential for proliferation 
     by other countries in response.
       (4) The threat that such acquisition could present to 
     international commerce and energy supplies in the region, and 
     the potential implications for the national security of the 
     United States.
       (5) The threat that such acquisition could present to the 
     Armed Forces of the United States, of countries allied with 
     the United States, and of countries partnered with the United 
     States stationed in or deployed in the region.

[[Page S3355]]

       (6) The potential that such acquisition could be used to 
     deliver chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons.
       (7) The potential for the Government of the Islamic 
     Republic of Iran to proliferate weapons acquired in the 
     absence of an arms embargo to regional groups, including 
     Shi'a militia groups backed by such government.
       (d) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 511. REPORT ON IRANIAN ACTIVITIES RELATING TO NUCLEAR 
                   NONPROLIFERATION.

       (a) Definition of Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In 
     this section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report assessing--
       (1) any relevant activities potentially relating to nuclear 
     weapons research and development by the Islamic Republic of 
     Iran; and
       (2) any relevant efforts to afford or deny international 
     access in accordance with international nonproliferation 
     agreements.
       (c) Assessments.--The report required by subsection (b) 
     shall include assessments, for the period beginning on 
     January 1, 2018, and ending on the date of the submittal of 
     the report, of the following:
       (1) Activities to research, develop, or enrich uranium or 
     reprocess plutonium with the intent or capability of creating 
     weapons-grade nuclear material.
       (2) Research, development, testing, or design activities 
     that could contribute to or inform construction of a device 
     intended to initiate or capable of initiating a nuclear 
     explosion.
       (3) Efforts to receive, transmit, store, destroy, relocate, 
     archive, or otherwise preserve research, processes, products, 
     or enabling materials relevant or relating to any efforts 
     assessed under paragraph (1) or (2).
       (4) Efforts to afford or deny international access, in 
     accordance with international nonproliferation agreements, to 
     locations, individuals, and materials relating to activities 
     described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3).
       (d) Form.--The report required under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 512. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THIRD OPTION FOUNDATION.

       It is the sense of the Congress that--
       (1) the work of the Third Option Foundation to heal, help, 
     and honor members of the special operations community of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency and their families is invaluable; 
     and
       (2) the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency should 
     work closely with the Third Option Foundation in implementing 
     section 19A of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 
     (50 U.S.C. 3519b), as added by section 6412 of the Damon Paul 
     Nelson and Matthew Young Pollard Intelligence Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Years 2018, 2019, and 2020 (Public Law 116-
     92).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1817. Mr. YOUNG submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title V, add the following:

     SEC. 549. REPORT ON PERFORMANCE AT THE MILITARY SERVICE 
                   ACADEMIES OF CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN WITH 
                   PREVIOUS FAMILIAL AFFILIATION WITH THE 
                   MILITARY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth the results of a study, conducted by the Secretary for 
     purposes of the report, of the performance at the military 
     service academies of cadets and midshipmen who have a 
     familial affiliation with the military before their time at 
     the military service academies.
       (b) Scope of Study.--The study required for purposes of the 
     report under subsection (a) shall cover the incoming classes 
     at the military service academies for the last 10 academic 
     years beginning before the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Elements.--The report shall include a comprehensive 
     description, assessment, and comparison of recruitment, 
     admission, and performance at, and graduation from, the 
     military service academies, and of post-graduate career 
     achievement, within and among each population as follows:
       (1) Children of a general and flag officer.
       (2) Children of an alumnus of a military service academy.
       (3) Children of a veteran.
       (4) Children of parents without military service.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1818. Mr. COTTON (for himself and Mr. Kaine) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike section 1046 and insert the following:

     SEC. 1046. CONDITIONS FOR PERMANENTLY BASING UNITED STATES 
                   EQUIPMENT OR ADDITIONAL MILITARY UNITS IN HOST 
                   COUNTRIES WITH AT-RISK VENDORS IN 5G OR 6G 
                   NETWORKS.

       (a) In General.--Prior to a decision for basing a major 
     weapon system or an additional military unit comparable to or 
     larger than a battalion, squadron, or naval combatant for 
     permanent basing to a host nation with at-risk 5th generation 
     (5G) or sixth generation (6G) wireless network equipment, 
     software, and services, including the use of 
     telecommunications equipment, software, and services provided 
     by vendors such as Huawei and ZTE, where United States 
     military personnel and their families will be directly 
     connected or subscribers to networks that include such at-
     risk equipment, software, and services in their official 
     duties or in the conduct of personal affairs, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall provide a certification to Congress that 
     includes--
       (1) an acknowledgment by the host nation of the risk posed 
     by the network architecture;
       (2) a description of steps being taken by the host nation 
     to mitigate any potential risks to the weapon systems, 
     military units, or personnel, and the Department of Defense's 
     assessment of those efforts;
       (3) a description of steps being taken by the United States 
     Government to mitigate any potential risks to the weapon 
     systems, military units, or personnel; and
       (4) a description of any defense mutual agreements between 
     the host nation and the United States intended to allay the 
     costs of risk mitigation posed by the at-risk infrastructure.
       (b) Applicability.--The conditions in subsection (a) apply 
     to the permanent long-term stationing of equipment and 
     personnel, and do not apply to short-term deployments or 
     rotational presence to military installations outside the 
     United States in connection with exercises, dynamic force 
     employment, contingency operations, or combat operations.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     contains an assessment of--
       (1) the risk to personnel, equipment, and operations of the 
     Department of Defense in host countries posed by the current 
     or intended use by such countries of 5G or 6G 
     telecommunications architecture provided by at-risk vendors; 
     and
       (2) measures required to mitigate the risk described in 
     paragraph (1), including the merit and feasibility of the 
     relocation of certain personnel or equipment of the 
     Department to another location without the presence of 5G or 
     6G telecommunications architecture provided by at-risk 
     vendors.
       (d) Form.--The report required by subsection (c) shall be 
     submitted in a classified form with an unclassified summary.
       Strike section 1273.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1819. Mr. RISCH (for himself, Ms. Cortez Masto, Mr. Kennedy, Ms. 
Rosen, Mrs. Capito, and Mr. Crapo) submitted an amendment intended to 
be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the appropriate place in subtitle E of title VIII, 
     insert the following:

     SEC. __. FEDERAL AND STATE TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

       Section 34 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657d) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(11) Underperforming state.--The term `underperforming 
     State' means a State participating in the SBIR or STTR 
     program that has been calculated by the Administrator to be 
     one of 18 States receiving the fewest SBIR and STTR Phase I 
     awards.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (E)--

       (I) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (II) in clause (iv), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (III) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(v) to prioritize applicants located in an 
     underperforming State.'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (B)(vi), by amending subclause (III) to 
     read as follows:

[[Page S3356]]

       ``(III) located in an underperforming State;'';

       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) shall give first priority and special consideration 
     to an applicant that is located in an underperforming 
     State.'';
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Not more than one 
     proposal'' and inserting ``There is no limit on the number of 
     proposals that''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Additional assistance for underperforming states.--
     Upon application by a recipient that is located in an 
     underperforming State, the Administrator may--
       ``(A) provide additional assistance to the recipient; and
       ``(B) waive the matching requirements under subsection 
     (e)(2).'';
       (3) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by inserting ``and STTR'' before ``first phase'' each 
     place that term appears;
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``50'' and inserting 
     ``25'';
       (III) in clause (ii), by striking ``1 dollar'' and 
     inserting ``75 cents''; and
       (IV) in clause (iii), by striking ``75'' and inserting 
     ``50''; and

       (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``, beginning with 
     fiscal year 2001'' and inserting ``and make publicly 
     available on the website of the Administration, beginning 
     with fiscal year 2021''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Amount of award.--In carrying out the FAST program 
     under this section--
       ``(A) the Administrator shall make and enter into not less 
     than 12 awards or cooperative agreements;
       ``(B) each award or cooperative agreement described in 
     subparagraph (A) shall be for not more than $500,000, which 
     shall be provided over 2 fiscal years; and
       ``(C) any amounts left unused in the third quarter of the 
     second fiscal year may be retained by the Administrator for 
     future FAST program awards.
       ``(5) Reporting.--Not later than 6 months after receiving 
     an award or entering into a cooperative agreement under this 
     section, a recipient shall report to the Administrator--
       ``(A) the number of awards made under the SBIR or STTR 
     program;
       ``(B) the number of applications submitted for the SBIR or 
     STTR program;
       ``(C) the number of consulting hours spent;
       ``(D) the number of training events conducted; and
       ``(E) any issues encountered in the management and 
     application of the FAST program.'';
       (4) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of the Small Business Innovation Research 
     Program Reauthorization Act of 2000'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2020''; and
       (II) by inserting ``and Entrepreneurship'' before ``of the 
     Senate'';

       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the 
     end and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iv) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) a description of the process used to ensure that 
     underperforming States are given priority application status 
     under the FAST program.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Annual'' and 
     inserting ``Biennial'';
       (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``annual'' and inserting ``biennial'';
       (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (iv) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (v) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) the proportion of awards provided to and cooperative 
     agreements entered into with underperforming States; and
       ``(E) a list of the States that were determined by the 
     Administrator to be underperforming States, and a description 
     of any changes in the list compared to previously submitted 
     reports.'';
       (5) in subsection (g)(2)--
       (A) by striking ``2004'' and inserting ``2021''; and
       (B) by inserting ``and Entrepreneurship'' before ``of the 
     Senate''; and
       (6) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``$10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2001 through 2005'' and inserting 
     ``$20,000,000 for every 2 fiscal years between fiscal years 
     2021 through 2025, to be obligated before the end of the 
     second fiscal year''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1820. Mr. RISCH (for himself and Mrs. Shaheen) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in subtitle E of title VIII, 
     insert the following:

     SEC. __. DISASTER DECLARATION IN RURAL AREAS.

       (a) In General.--Section 7(b) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 636(b)) is amended by inserting after paragraph (15) 
     the following:
       ``(16) Disaster declaration in rural areas.--
       ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
       ``(i) the term `rural area' means an area with a population 
     of less than 200,000 outside an urbanized area; and
       ``(ii) the term `significant damage' means, with respect to 
     property, uninsured losses of not less than 40 percent of the 
     estimated fair replacement value or pre-disaster fair market 
     value of the damaged property, whichever is lower.
       ``(B) Disaster declaration.--Notwithstanding section 
     123.3(a) of title 13, Code of Federal Regulations, or any 
     successor regulation, the Administrator may declare a 
     disaster in a rural area for which a major disaster was 
     declared by the President under section 401 of the Robert T. 
     Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
     U.S.C. 5170) if--
       ``(i) the Governor of the State in which the rural area is 
     located requests such a declaration; and
       ``(ii) any home, small business concern, private nonprofit 
     organization, or small agricultural cooperative has incurred 
     significant damage in the rural area.
       ``(C) SBA report.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, and every year thereafter, the 
     Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Small Business 
     and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives a report on, with 
     respect to the 1-year period preceding submission of the 
     report--
       ``(i) any economic injury that resulted from a major 
     disaster declared by the President under section 401 of the 
     Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) in a rural area;
       ``(ii) each request for assistance made by the Governor of 
     a State under subparagraph (B)(i) and the response of the 
     Administrator, including the timeline for each response; and
       ``(iii) any regulatory changes that will impact the ability 
     of communities in rural areas to obtain disaster assistance 
     under this subsection.''.
       (b) Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Small 
     Business Administration shall issue regulations to carry out 
     the amendment made by subsection (a).
       (c) GAO Report.--
       (1) Definition of rural area.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``rural area'' means an area with a population of less than 
     200,000 outside an urbanized area.
       (2) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
     Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on Small 
     Business of the House of Representatives a report on--
       (A) any unique challenges that communities in rural areas 
     face compared to communities in metropolitan areas when 
     seeking to obtain disaster assistance under section 7(b) of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(b)); and
       (B) legislative recommendations for improving access to 
     disaster assistance for communities in rural areas.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1821. Mr. VAN HOLLEN (for Mr. Toomey (for himself and Mr. Van 
Hollen)) proposed an amendment to the bill S. 3798, to impose sanctions 
with respect to foreign persons involved in the erosion of certain 
obligations of China with respect to Hong Kong, and for other purposes; 
as follows:

        Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
     following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Hong Kong 
     Autonomy Act''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
Sec. 3. Findings.
Sec. 4. Sense of Congress regarding Hong Kong.
Sec. 5. Identification of foreign persons involved in the erosion of 
              the obligations of China under the Joint Declaration or 
              the Basic Law and foreign financial institutions that 
              conduct significant transactions with those persons.
Sec. 6. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that contravene the 
              obligations of China under the Joint Declaration or the 
              Basic Law.
Sec. 7. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions that 
              conduct significant transactions with foreign persons 
              that contravene the obligations of China under the Joint 
              Declaration or the Basic Law.
Sec. 8. Waiver, termination, exceptions, and congressional review 
              process.
Sec. 9. Implementation; penalties.
Sec. 10. Rule of construction.

     SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

       In this Act:
       (1) Alien; national; national of the united states.--The 
     terms ``alien'', ``national'', and ``national of the United 
     States''

[[Page S3357]]

     have the meanings given those terms in section 101 of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101).
       (2) Appropriate congressional committees and leadership.--
     The term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign 
     Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs, the Committee on the Judiciary, the 
     Select Committee on Intelligence, and the majority leader and 
     the minority leader of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the 
     Committee on Homeland Security, the Committee on the 
     Judiciary, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 
     and the Speaker and the minority leader of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (3) Basic law.--The term ``Basic Law'' means the Basic Law 
     of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the 
     People's Republic of China.
       (4) China.--The term ``China'' means the People's Republic 
     of China.
       (5) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means a partnership, joint 
     venture, association, corporation, organization, network, 
     group, or subgroup, or any other form of business 
     collaboration.
       (6) Financial institution.--The term ``financial 
     institution'' means a financial institution specified in 
     section 5312(a)(2) of title 31, United States Code.
       (7) Hong kong.--The term ``Hong Kong'' means the Hong Kong 
     Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of 
     China.
       (8) Joint declaration.--The term ``Joint Declaration'' 
     means the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United 
     Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the 
     Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question 
     of Hong Kong, done at Beijing on December 19, 1984.
       (9) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'', with respect to 
     conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has 
     actual knowledge of the conduct, the circumstance, or the 
     result.
       (10) Person.--The term ``person'' means an individual or 
     entity.
       (11) United states person.--The term ``United States 
     person'' means--
       (A) any citizen or national of the United States;
       (B) any alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in 
     the United States;
       (C) any entity organized under the laws of the United 
     States or any jurisdiction within the United States 
     (including a foreign branch of such an entity); or
       (D) any person located in the United States.

     SEC. 3. FINDINGS.

       Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The Joint Declaration and the Basic Law clarify certain 
     obligations and promises that the Government of China has 
     made with respect to the future of Hong Kong.
       (2) The obligations of the Government of China under the 
     Joint Declaration were codified in a legally-binding treaty, 
     signed by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great 
     Britain and Northern Ireland and registered with the United 
     Nations.
       (3) The obligations of the Government of China under the 
     Basic Law originate from the Joint Declaration, were passed 
     into the domestic law of China by the National People's 
     Congress, and are widely considered by citizens of Hong Kong 
     as part of the de facto legal constitution of Hong Kong.
       (4) Foremost among the obligations of the Government of 
     China to Hong Kong is the promise that, pursuant to Paragraph 
     3b of the Joint Declaration, ``the Hong Kong Special 
     Administrative Region will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, 
     except in foreign and defence affairs which are the 
     responsibilities of the Central People's Government''.
       (5) The obligation specified in Paragraph 3b of the Joint 
     Declaration is referenced, reinforced, and extrapolated on in 
     several portions of the Basic Law, including Articles 2, 12, 
     13, 14, and 22.
       (6) Article 22 of the Basic Law establishes that ``No 
     department of the Central People's Government and no 
     province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under 
     the Central Government may interfere in the affairs which the 
     Hong Kong Special Administrative Region administers on its 
     own in accordance with this Law.''.
       (7) The Joint Declaration and the Basic Law make clear that 
     additional obligations shall be undertaken by China to ensure 
     the ``high degree of autonomy'' of Hong Kong.
       (8) Paragraph 3c of the Joint Declaration states, as 
     reinforced by Articles 2, 16, 17, 18, 19, and 22 of the Basic 
     Law, that Hong Kong ``will be vested with executive, 
     legislative and independent judicial power, including that of 
     final adjudication''.
       (9) On multiple occasions, the Government of China has 
     undertaken actions that have contravened the letter or intent 
     of the obligation described in paragraph (8) of this section, 
     including the following:
       (A) In 1999, the Standing Committee of the National 
     People's Congress overruled a decision by the Hong Kong Court 
     of Final Appeal on the right of abode.
       (B) On multiple occasions, the Government of Hong Kong, at 
     the advice of the Government of China, is suspected to have 
     not allowed persons entry into Hong Kong allegedly because of 
     their support for democracy and human rights in Hong Kong and 
     China.
       (C) The Liaison Office of China in Hong Kong has, despite 
     restrictions on interference in the affairs of Hong Kong as 
     detailed in Article 22 of the Basic Law--
       (i) openly expressed support for candidates in Hong Kong 
     for Chief Executive and Legislative Council;
       (ii) expressed views on various policies for the Government 
     of Hong Kong and other internal matters relating to Hong 
     Kong; and
       (iii) on April 17, 2020, asserted that both the Liaison 
     Office of China in Hong Kong and the Hong Kong and Macau 
     Affairs Office of the State Council ``have the right to 
     exercise supervision . . . on affairs regarding Hong Kong and 
     the mainland, in order to ensure correct implementation of 
     the Basic Law''.
       (D) The National People's Congress has passed laws 
     requiring Hong Kong to pass laws banning disrespectful 
     treatment of the national flag and national anthem of China.
       (E) The State Council of China released a white paper on 
     June 10, 2014, that stressed the ``comprehensive 
     jurisdiction'' of the Government of China over Hong Kong and 
     indicated that Hong Kong must be governed by ``patriots''.
       (F) The Government of China has directed operatives to 
     kidnap and bring to the mainland, or is otherwise responsible 
     for the kidnapping of, residents of Hong Kong, including 
     businessman Xiao Jianhua and bookseller Gui Minhai.
       (G) The Government of Hong Kong, acting with the support of 
     the Government of China, introduced an extradition bill that 
     would have permitted the Government of China to request and 
     enforce extradition requests for any individual present in 
     Hong Kong, regardless of the legality of the request or the 
     degree to which it compromised the judicial independence of 
     Hong Kong.
       (H) The spokesman for the Standing Committee of the 
     National People's Congress said, ``Whether Hong Kong's laws 
     are consistent with the Basic Law can only be judged and 
     decided by the National People's Congress Standing Committee. 
     No other authority has the right to make judgments and 
     decisions.''.
       (10) Paragraph 3e of the Joint Declaration states, as 
     reinforced by Article 5 of the Basic Law, that the ``current 
     social and economic systems in Hong Kong will remain 
     unchanged, as so will the life-style.''.
       (11) On multiple occasions, the Government of China has 
     undertaken actions that have contravened the letter or intent 
     of the obligation described in paragraph (10) of this 
     section, including the following:
       (A) In 2002, the Government of China pressured the 
     Government of Hong Kong to introduce ``patriotic'' curriculum 
     in primary and secondary schools.
       (B) The governments of China and Hong Kong proposed the 
     prohibition of discussion of Hong Kong independence and self-
     determination in primary and secondary schools, which 
     infringes on freedom of speech.
       (C) The Government of Hong Kong mandated that Mandarin, and 
     not the native language of Cantonese, be the language of 
     instruction in Hong Kong schools.
       (D) The governments of China and Hong Kong agreed to a 
     daily quota of mainland immigrants to Hong Kong, which is 
     widely believed by citizens of Hong Kong to be part of an 
     effort to ``mainlandize'' Hong Kong.
       (12) Paragraph 3e of the Joint Declaration states, as 
     reinforced by Articles 4, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32 33, 34, 
     and 39 of the Basic Law, that the ``rights and freedoms, 
     including those of person, of speech, of the press, of 
     assembly, of association, of travel, of movement, of 
     correspondence, of strike, of choice of occupation, of 
     academic research and of religious belief will be ensured by 
     law'' in Hong Kong.
       (13) On multiple occasions, the Government of China has 
     undertaken actions that have contravened the letter or intent 
     of the obligation described in paragraph (12) of this 
     section, including the following:
       (A) On February 26, 2003, the Government of Hong Kong 
     introduced a national security bill that would have placed 
     restrictions on freedom of speech and other protected rights.
       (B) The Liaison Office of China in Hong Kong has pressured 
     businesses in Hong Kong not to advertise in newspapers and 
     magazines critical of the governments of China and Hong Kong.
       (C) The Hong Kong Police Force selectively blocked 
     demonstrations and protests expressing opposition to the 
     governments of China and Hong Kong or the policies of those 
     governments.
       (D) The Government of Hong Kong refused to renew work visa 
     for a foreign journalist, allegedly for hosting a speaker 
     from the banned Hong Kong National Party.
       (E) The Justice Department of Hong Kong selectively 
     prosecuted cases against leaders of the Umbrella Movement, 
     while failing to prosecute police officers accused of using 
     excessive force during the protests in 2014.
       (F) On April 18, 2020, the Hong Kong Police Force arrested 
     14 high-profile democracy activists and campaigners for their 
     role in organizing a protest march that took place on August 
     18, 2019, in which almost 2,000,000 people rallied against a 
     proposed extradition bill.
       (14) Articles 45 and 68 of the Basic Law assert that the 
     selection of Chief Executive and all members of the 
     Legislative Council of Hong Kong should be by ``universal 
     suffrage.''.
       (15) On multiple occasions, the Government of China has 
     undertaken actions that

[[Page S3358]]

     have contravened the letter or intent of the obligation 
     described in paragraph (14) of this section, including the 
     following:
       (A) In 2004, the National People's Congress created new, 
     antidemocratic procedures restricting the adoption of 
     universal suffrage for the election of the Chief Executive of 
     Hong Kong.
       (B) The decision by the National People's Congress on 
     December 29, 2007, which ruled out universal suffrage in 2012 
     elections and set restrictions on when and if universal 
     suffrage will be implemented.
       (C) The decision by the National People's Congress on 
     August 31, 2014, which placed limits on the nomination 
     process for the Chief Executive of Hong Kong as a condition 
     for adoption of universal suffrage.
       (D) On November 7, 2016, the National People's Congress 
     interpreted Article 104 of the Basic Law in such a way to 
     disqualify 6 elected members of the Legislative Council.
       (E) In 2018, the Government of Hong Kong banned the Hong 
     Kong National Party and blocked the candidacy of pro-
     democracy candidates.
       (16) The ways in which the Government of China, at times 
     with the support of a subservient Government of Hong Kong, 
     has acted in contravention of its obligations under the Joint 
     Declaration and the Basic Law, as set forth in this section, 
     are deeply concerning to the people of Hong Kong, the United 
     States, and members of the international community who 
     support the autonomy of Hong Kong.

     SEC. 4. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING HONG KONG.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the United States continues to uphold the principles 
     and policy established in the United States-Hong Kong Policy 
     Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.) and the Hong Kong Human 
     Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 (Public Law 116-76; 22 
     U.S.C. 5701 note), which remain consistent with China's 
     obligations under the Joint Declaration and certain 
     promulgated objectives under the Basic Law, including that--
       (A) as set forth in section 101(1) of the United States-
     Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5711(1)), ``The 
     United States should play an active role, before, on, and 
     after July 1, 1997, in maintaining Hong Kong's confidence and 
     prosperity, Hong Kong's role as an international financial 
     center, and the mutually beneficial ties between the people 
     of the United States and the people of Hong Kong.''; and
       (B) as set forth in section 2(5) of the United States-Hong 
     Kong Policy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5701(5)), ``Support for 
     democratization is a fundamental principle of United States 
     foreign policy. As such, it naturally applies to United 
     States policy toward Hong Kong. This will remain equally true 
     after June 30, 1997.'';
       (2) although the United States recognizes that, under the 
     Joint Declaration, the Government of China ``resumed the 
     exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect on 1 July 
     1997'', the United States supports the autonomy of Hong Kong 
     in furtherance of the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 
     1992 and the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 
     and advances the desire of the people of Hong Kong to 
     continue the ``one country, two systems'' regime, in addition 
     to other obligations promulgated by China under the Joint 
     Declaration and the Basic Law;
       (3) in order to support the benefits and protections that 
     Hong Kong has been afforded by the Government of China under 
     the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law, the United States 
     should establish a clear and unambiguous set of penalties 
     with respect to foreign persons determined by the Secretary 
     of State, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, 
     to be involved in the contravention of the obligations of 
     China under the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law and the 
     financial institutions transacting with those foreign 
     persons;
       (4) the Secretary of State should provide an unclassified 
     assessment of the reason for imposition of certain economic 
     penalties on entities, so as to permit a clear path for the 
     removal of economic penalties if the sanctioned behavior is 
     reversed and verified by the Secretary of State;
       (5) relevant Federal agencies should establish a 
     multilateral sanctions regime with respect to foreign persons 
     involved in the contravention of the obligations of China 
     under the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law; and
       (6) in addition to the penalties on foreign persons, and 
     financial institutions transacting with those foreign 
     persons, for the contravention of the obligations of China 
     under the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law, the United 
     States should take steps, in a time of crisis, to assist 
     permanent residents of Hong Kong who are persecuted or fear 
     persecution as a result of the contravention by China of its 
     obligations under the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law to 
     become eligible to obtain lawful entry into the United 
     States.

     SEC. 5. IDENTIFICATION OF FOREIGN PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE 
                   EROSION OF THE OBLIGATIONS OF CHINA UNDER THE 
                   JOINT DECLARATION OR THE BASIC LAW AND FOREIGN 
                   FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS THAT CONDUCT SIGNIFICANT 
                   TRANSACTIONS WITH THOSE PERSONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, if the Secretary of State, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, determines 
     that a foreign person is materially contributing to, has 
     materially contributed to, or attempts to materially 
     contribute to the failure of the Government of China to meet 
     its obligations under the Joint Declaration or the Basic Law, 
     the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees and leadership a report that 
     includes--
       (1) an identification of the foreign person; and
       (2) a clear explanation for why the foreign person was 
     identified and a description of the activity that resulted in 
     the identification.
       (b) Identifying Foreign Financial Institutions.--Not 
     earlier than 30 days and not later than 60 days after the 
     Secretary of State submits to the appropriate congressional 
     committees and leadership the report under subsection (a), 
     the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees and leadership a report that 
     identifies any foreign financial institution that knowingly 
     conducts a significant transaction with a foreign person 
     identified in the report under subsection (a).
       (c) Exclusion of Certain Information.--
       (1) Intelligence.--The Secretary of State shall not 
     disclose the identity of a person in a report submitted under 
     subsection (a) or (b), or an update under subsection (e), if 
     the Director of National Intelligence determines that such 
     disclosure could compromise an intelligence operation, 
     activity, source, or method of the United States.
       (2) Law enforcement.--The Secretary of State shall not 
     disclose the identity of a person in a report submitted under 
     subsection (a) or (b), or an update under subsection (e), if 
     the Attorney General, in coordination, as appropriate, with 
     the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the head 
     of any other appropriate Federal law enforcement agency, and 
     the Secretary of the Treasury, determines that such 
     disclosure could reasonably be expected--
       (A) to compromise the identity of a confidential source, 
     including a State, local, or foreign agency or authority or 
     any private institution that furnished information on a 
     confidential basis;
       (B) to jeopardize the integrity or success of an ongoing 
     criminal investigation or prosecution;
       (C) to endanger the life or physical safety of any person; 
     or
       (D) to cause substantial harm to physical property.
       (3) Notification required.--If the Director of National 
     Intelligence makes a determination under paragraph (1) or the 
     Attorney General makes a determination under paragraph (2), 
     the Director or the Attorney General, as the case may be, 
     shall notify the appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership of the determination and the reasons for the 
     determination.
       (d) Exclusion or Removal of Foreign Persons and Foreign 
     Financial Institutions.--
       (1) Foreign persons.--The President may exclude a foreign 
     person from the report under subsection (a), or an update 
     under subsection (e), or remove a foreign person from the 
     report or update prior to the imposition of sanctions under 
     section 6(a) if the material contribution (as described in 
     subsection (g)) that merited inclusion in that report or 
     update--
       (A) does not have a significant and lasting negative effect 
     that contravenes the obligations of China under the Joint 
     Declaration and the Basic Law;
       (B) is not likely to be repeated in the future; and
       (C) has been reversed or otherwise mitigated through 
     positive countermeasures taken by that foreign person.
       (2) Foreign financial institutions.--The President may 
     exclude a foreign financial institution from the report under 
     subsection (b), or an update under subsection (e), or remove 
     a foreign financial institution from the report or update 
     prior to the imposition of sanctions under section 7(a) if 
     the significant transaction or significant transactions of 
     the foreign financial institution that merited inclusion in 
     that report or update--
       (A) does not have a significant and lasting negative effect 
     that contravenes the obligations of China under the Joint 
     Declaration and the Basic Law;
       (B) is not likely to be repeated in the future; and
       (C) has been reversed or otherwise mitigated through 
     positive countermeasures taken by that foreign financial 
     institution.
       (3) Notification required.--If the President makes a 
     determination under paragraph (1) or (2) to exclude or remove 
     a foreign person or foreign financial institution from a 
     report under subsection (a) or (b), as the case may be, the 
     President shall notify the appropriate congressional 
     committees and leadership of the determination and the 
     reasons for the determination.
       (e) Update of Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Each report submitted under subsections 
     (a) and (b) shall be updated in an ongoing manner and, to the 
     extent practicable, updated reports shall be resubmitted with 
     the annual report under section 301 of the United States-Hong 
     Kong Policy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5731).
       (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
     be construed to terminate the requirement to update the 
     reports under subsections (a) and (b) upon the termination of 
     the requirement to submit the annual report under section 301 
     of the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 
     5731).

[[Page S3359]]

       (f) Form of Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Each report under subsection (a) or (b) 
     (including updates under subsection (e)) shall be submitted 
     in unclassified form and made available to the public.
       (2) Classified annex.--The explanations and descriptions 
     included in the report under subsection (a)(2) (including 
     updates under subsection (e)) may be expanded on in a 
     classified annex.
       (g) Material Contributions Related to Obligations of China 
     Described.--For purposes of this section, a foreign person 
     materially contributes to the failure of the Government of 
     China to meet its obligations under the Joint Declaration or 
     the Basic Law if the person--
       (1) took action that resulted in the inability of the 
     people of Hong Kong--
       (A) to enjoy freedom of assembly, speech, press, or 
     independent rule of law; or
       (B) to participate in democratic outcomes; or
       (2) otherwise took action that reduces the high degree of 
     autonomy of Hong Kong.

     SEC. 6. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN PERSONS THAT 
                   CONTRAVENE THE OBLIGATIONS OF CHINA UNDER THE 
                   JOINT DECLARATION OR THE BASIC LAW.

       (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--
       (1) In general.--On and after the date on which a foreign 
     person is included in the report under section 5(a) or an 
     update to that report under section 5(e), the President may 
     impose sanctions described in subsection (b) with respect to 
     that foreign person.
       (2) Mandatory sanctions.--Not later than one year after the 
     date on which a foreign person is included in the report 
     under section 5(a) or an update to that report under section 
     5(e), the President shall impose sanctions described in 
     subsection (b) with respect to that foreign person.
       (b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
     subsection with respect to a foreign person are the 
     following:
       (1) Property transactions.--The President may, pursuant to 
     such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
     person from--
       (A) acquiring, holding, withholding, using, transferring, 
     withdrawing, transporting, or exporting any property that is 
     subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and with 
     respect to which the foreign person has any interest;
       (B) dealing in or exercising any right, power, or privilege 
     with respect to such property; or
       (C) conducting any transaction involving such property.
       (2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of visa 
     or other documentation.--In the case of a foreign person who 
     is an individual, the President may direct the Secretary of 
     State to deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security to exclude from the United States, the foreign 
     person, subject to regulatory exceptions to permit the United 
     States to comply with the Agreement regarding the 
     Headquarters of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success 
     June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947, 
     between the United Nations and the United States, or other 
     applicable international obligations.

     SEC. 7. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN FINANCIAL 
                   INSTITUTIONS THAT CONDUCT SIGNIFICANT 
                   TRANSACTIONS WITH FOREIGN PERSONS THAT 
                   CONTRAVENE THE OBLIGATIONS OF CHINA UNDER THE 
                   JOINT DECLARATION OR THE BASIC LAW.

       (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--
       (1) Initial sanctions.--Not later than one year after the 
     date on which a foreign financial institution is included in 
     the report under section 5(b) or an update to that report 
     under section 5(e), the President shall impose not fewer than 
     5 of the sanctions described in subsection (b) with respect 
     to that foreign financial institution.
       (2) Expanded sanctions.--Not later than two years after the 
     date on which a foreign financial institution is included in 
     the report under section 5(b) or an update to that report 
     under section 5(e), the President shall impose each of the 
     sanctions described in subsection (b).
       (b) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
     subsection with respect to a foreign financial institution 
     are the following:
       (1) Loans from united states financial institutions.--The 
     United States Government may prohibit any United States 
     financial institution from making loans or providing credits 
     to the foreign financial institution.
       (2) Prohibition on designation as primary dealer.--Neither 
     the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System nor the 
     Federal Reserve Bank of New York may designate, or permit the 
     continuation of any prior designation of, the foreign 
     financial institution as a primary dealer in United States 
     Government debt instruments.
       (3) Prohibition on service as a repository of government 
     funds.--The foreign financial institution may not serve as 
     agent of the United States Government or serve as repository 
     for United States Government funds.
       (4) Foreign exchange.--The President may, pursuant to such 
     regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
     transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the 
     jurisdiction of the United States and involve the foreign 
     financial institution.
       (5) Banking transactions.--The President may, pursuant to 
     such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
     transfers of credit or payments between financial 
     institutions or by, through, or to any financial institution, 
     to the extent that such transfers or payments are subject to 
     the jurisdiction of the United States and involve the foreign 
     financial institution.
       (6) Property transactions.--The President may, pursuant to 
     such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any 
     person from--
       (A) acquiring, holding, withholding, using, transferring, 
     withdrawing, transporting, importing, or exporting any 
     property that is subject to the jurisdiction of the United 
     States and with respect to which the foreign financial 
     institution has any interest;
       (B) dealing in or exercising any right, power, or privilege 
     with respect to such property; or
       (C) conducting any transaction involving such property.
       (7) Restriction on exports, reexports, and transfers.--The 
     President, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, 
     may restrict or prohibit exports, reexports, and transfers 
     (in-country) of commodities, software, and technology subject 
     to the jurisdiction of the United States directly or 
     indirectly to the foreign financial institution.
       (8) Ban on investment in equity or debt.--The President 
     may, pursuant to such regulations or guidelines as the 
     President may prescribe, prohibit any United States person 
     from investing in or purchasing significant amounts of equity 
     or debt instruments of the foreign financial institution.
       (9) Exclusion of corporate officers.--The President may 
     direct the Secretary of State, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, to exclude from the United States any alien that is 
     determined to be a corporate officer or principal of, or a 
     shareholder with a controlling interest in, the foreign 
     financial institution, subject to regulatory exceptions to 
     permit the United States to comply with the Agreement 
     regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, signed at 
     Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 
     21, 1947, between the United Nations and the United States, 
     or other applicable international obligations.
       (10) Sanctions on principal executive officers.--The 
     President may impose on the principal executive officer or 
     officers of the foreign financial institution, or on 
     individuals performing similar functions and with similar 
     authorities as such officer or officers, any of the sanctions 
     described in paragraphs (1) through (8) that are applicable.
       (c) Timing of Sanctions.--The President may impose 
     sanctions required under subsection (a) with respect to a 
     financial institution included in the report under section 
     5(b) or an update to that report under section 5(e) beginning 
     on the day on which the financial institution is included in 
     that report or update.

     SEC. 8. WAIVER, TERMINATION, EXCEPTIONS, AND CONGRESSIONAL 
                   REVIEW PROCESS.

       (a) National Security Waiver.--Unless a disapproval 
     resolution is enacted under subsection (e), the President may 
     waive the application of sanctions under section 6 or 7 with 
     respect to a foreign person or foreign financial institution 
     if the President--
       (1) determines that the waiver is in the national security 
     interest of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership a report on the determination and the reasons for 
     the determination.
       (b) Termination of Sanctions and Removal From Report.--
     Unless a disapproval resolution is enacted under subsection 
     (e), the President may terminate the application of sanctions 
     under section 6 or 7 with respect to a foreign person or 
     foreign financial institution and remove the foreign person 
     from the report required under section 5(a) or the foreign 
     financial institution from the report required under section 
     5(b), as the case may be, if the Secretary of State, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, determines 
     that the actions taken by the foreign person or foreign 
     financial institution that led to the imposition of 
     sanctions--
       (1) do not have a significant and lasting negative effect 
     that contravenes the obligations of China under the Joint 
     Declaration and the Basic Law;
       (2) are not likely to be repeated in the future; and
       (3) have been reversed or otherwise mitigated through 
     positive countermeasures taken by that foreign person or 
     foreign financial institution.
       (c) Termination of Act.--
       (1) Report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2046, the 
     President, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the 
     Secretary of the Treasury, and the heads of such other 
     Federal agencies as the President considers appropriate, 
     shall submit to Congress a report evaluating the 
     implementation of this Act and sanctions imposed pursuant to 
     this Act.
       (B) Elements.--The President shall include in the report 
     submitted under subparagraph (A) an assessment of whether 
     this Act and the sanctions imposed pursuant to this Act 
     should be terminated.
       (2) Termination.--This Act and the sanctions imposed 
     pursuant to this Act shall remain in effect unless a 
     termination resolution is enacted under subsection (e) after 
     July 1, 2047.
       (d) Exception Relating to Importation of Goods.--

[[Page S3360]]

       (1) In general.--The authorities and requirements to impose 
     sanctions under sections 6 and 7 shall not include the 
     authority or requirement to impose sanctions on the 
     importation of goods.
       (2) Good defined.--In this subsection, the term ``good'' 
     means any article, natural or manmade substance, material, 
     supply, or manufactured product, including inspection and 
     test equipment, and excluding technical data.
       (e) Congressional Review.--
       (1) Resolutions.--
       (A) Disapproval resolution.--In this section, the term 
     ``disapproval resolution'' means only a joint resolution of 
     either House of Congress--
       (i) the title of which is as follows: ``A joint resolution 
     disapproving the waiver or termination of sanctions with 
     respect to a foreign person that contravenes the obligations 
     of China with respect to Hong Kong or a foreign financial 
     institution that conducts a significant transaction with that 
     person.''; and
       (ii) the sole matter after the resolving clause of which is 
     the following: ``Congress disapproves of the action under 
     section 8 of the Hong Kong Autonomy Act relating to the 
     application of sanctions imposed with respect to a foreign 
     person that contravenes the obligations of China with respect 
     to Hong Kong, or a foreign financial institution that 
     conducts a significant transaction with that person, on 
     _______ relating to ________.'', with the first blank space 
     being filled with the appropriate date and the second blank 
     space being filled with a short description of the proposed 
     action.
       (B) Termination resolution.--In this section, the term 
     ``termination resolution'' means only a joint resolution of 
     either House of Congress--
       (i) the title of which is as follows: ``A joint resolution 
     terminating sanctions with respect to foreign persons that 
     contravene the obligations of China with respect to Hong Kong 
     and foreign financial institutions that conduct significant 
     transactions with those persons.''; and
       (ii) the sole matter after the resolving clause of which is 
     the following: ``The Hong Kong Autonomy Act and any sanctions 
     imposed pursuant to that Act shall terminate on ____.'', with 
     the blank space being filled with the termination date.
       (C) Covered resolution.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``covered resolution'' means a disapproval resolution or a 
     termination resolution.
       (2) Introduction.--A covered resolution may be introduced--
       (A) in the House of Representatives, by the majority leader 
     or the minority leader; and
       (B) in the Senate, by the majority leader (or the majority 
     leader's designee) or the minority leader (or the minority 
     leader's designee).
       (3) Floor consideration in house of representatives.--If a 
     committee of the House of Representatives to which a covered 
     resolution has been referred has not reported the resolution 
     within 10 calendar days after the date of referral, that 
     committee shall be discharged from further consideration of 
     the resolution.
       (4) Consideration in the senate.--
       (A) Committee referral.--
       (i) Disapproval resolution.--A disapproval resolution 
     introduced in the Senate shall be--

       (I) referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
     Urban Affairs if the resolution relates to an action that is 
     not intended to significantly alter United States foreign 
     policy with regard to China; and
       (II) referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations if the 
     resolution relates to an action that is intended to 
     significantly alter United States foreign policy with regard 
     to China.

       (ii) Termination resolution.--A termination resolution 
     introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the Committee 
     on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations.
       (B) Reporting and discharge.--If a committee to which a 
     covered resolution was referred has not reported the 
     resolution within 10 calendar days after the date of referral 
     of the resolution, that committee shall be discharged from 
     further consideration of the resolution and the resolution 
     shall be placed on the appropriate calendar.
       (C) Proceeding to consideration.--Notwithstanding Rule XXII 
     of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in order at any 
     time after the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
     Affairs or the Committee on Foreign Relations, as the case 
     may be, reports a covered resolution to the Senate or has 
     been discharged from consideration of such a resolution (even 
     though a previous motion to the same effect has been 
     disagreed to) to move to proceed to the consideration of the 
     resolution, and all points of order against the resolution 
     (and against consideration of the resolution) are waived. The 
     motion to proceed is not debatable. The motion is not subject 
     to a motion to postpone. A motion to reconsider the vote by 
     which the motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in 
     order.
       (D) Rulings of the chair on procedure.--Appeals from the 
     decisions of the Chair relating to the application of the 
     rules of the Senate, as the case may be, to the procedure 
     relating to a covered resolution shall be decided without 
     debate.
       (E) Consideration of veto messages.--Debate in the Senate 
     of any veto message with respect to a covered resolution, 
     including all debatable motions and appeals in connection 
     with the resolution, shall be limited to 10 hours, to be 
     equally divided between, and controlled by, the majority 
     leader and the minority leader or their designees.
       (5) Rules relating to senate and house of 
     representatives.--
       (A) Treatment of senate resolution in house.--In the House 
     of Representatives, the following procedures shall apply to a 
     covered resolution received from the Senate (unless the House 
     has already passed a resolution relating to the same proposed 
     action):
       (i) The resolution shall be referred to the appropriate 
     committees.
       (ii) If a committee to which a resolution has been referred 
     has not reported the resolution within 2 calendar days after 
     the date of referral, that committee shall be discharged from 
     further consideration of the resolution.
       (iii) Beginning on the third legislative day after each 
     committee to which a resolution has been referred reports the 
     resolution to the House or has been discharged from further 
     consideration thereof, it shall be in order to move to 
     proceed to consider the resolution in the House. All points 
     of order against the motion are waived. Such a motion shall 
     not be in order after the House has disposed of a motion to 
     proceed on the resolution. The previous question shall be 
     considered as ordered on the motion to its adoption without 
     intervening motion. The motion shall not be debatable. A 
     motion to reconsider the vote by which the motion is disposed 
     of shall not be in order.
       (iv) The resolution shall be considered as read. All points 
     of order against the resolution and against its consideration 
     are waived. The previous question shall be considered as 
     ordered on the resolution to final passage without 
     intervening motion except 2 hours of debate equally divided 
     and controlled by the sponsor of the resolution (or a 
     designee) and an opponent. A motion to reconsider the vote on 
     passage of the resolution shall not be in order.
       (B) Treatment of house resolution in senate.--
       (i) Received before passage of senate resolution.--If, 
     before the passage by the Senate of a covered resolution, the 
     Senate receives an identical resolution from the House of 
     Representatives, the following procedures shall apply:

       (I) That resolution shall not be referred to a committee.
       (II) With respect to that resolution--

       (aa) the procedure in the Senate shall be the same as if no 
     resolution had been received from the House of 
     Representatives; but
       (bb) the vote on passage shall be on the resolution from 
     the House of Representatives.
       (ii) Received after passage of senate resolution.--If, 
     following passage of a covered resolution in the Senate, the 
     Senate receives an identical resolution from the House of 
     Representatives, that resolution shall be placed on the 
     appropriate Senate calendar.
       (iii) No senate companion.--If a covered resolution is 
     received from the House of Representatives, and no companion 
     resolution has been introduced in the Senate, the Senate 
     procedures under this subsection shall apply to the 
     resolution from the House of Representatives.
       (C) Application to revenue measures.--The provisions of 
     this paragraph shall not apply in the House of 
     Representatives to a covered resolution that is a revenue 
     measure.
       (6) Rules of house of representatives and senate.--This 
     subsection is enacted by Congress--
       (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such 
     is deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, 
     and supersedes other rules only to the extent that it is 
     inconsistent with such rules; and
       (B) with full recognition of the constitutional right of 
     either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the 
     procedure of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and 
     to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that 
     House.

     SEC. 9. IMPLEMENTATION; PENALTIES.

       (a) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
     authorities provided under sections 203 and 205 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 
     and 1704) to the extent necessary to carry out this Act.
       (b) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to 
     violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of 
     section 6 or 7 or any regulation, license, or order issued to 
     carry out that section shall be subject to the penalties set 
     forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) 
     to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
     described in subsection (a) of that section.

     SEC. 10. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

       Nothing in this Act shall be construed as an authorization 
     of military force against China.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1822. Mr. LANKFORD (for himself, Mr. Perdue, Mrs. Loeffler, Mr. 
Lee, and Mr. Romney) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction,

[[Page S3361]]

and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike section 1108 and insert the following:

     SEC. 1108. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR APPOINTMENT OF RECENTLY 
                   RETIRED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
                   POSITIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 3326 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) the proposed appointment is to a position classified 
     at or below GS-13 under the General Schedule under subchapter 
     III of chapter 53 (or an equivalent level under another wage 
     system) in the competitive service that is a position--
       ``(A) to which appointments are authorized using Direct 
     Hire Authority or Expedited Hiring Authority; and
       ``(B) that has been certified by the Secretary concerned as 
     lacking sufficient numbers of potential applicants who are 
     not retired members of the armed forces.''.
       (b) Limitation on Delegation of Certification Authority.--
     Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(d) The authority to make a certification described in 
     subsection (b)(3) of this section may not be delegated to an 
     individual with a grade lower than colonel, or captain in the 
     Navy, or an individual with an equivalent civilian grade.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1823. Mr. LANKFORD submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. INAPPLICABILITY OF CERTIFICATION OF EXECUTIVE 
                   QUALIFICATION REVIEW BOARDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 3393 of title 5, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (c); and
       (2) by redesignating subsections (d) through (g) as 
     subsections (c) through (f), respectively.
       (b) Updates.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the terms ``agency'' 
     and ``career appointee'' have the meanings given those terms 
     in section 3132(a) of title 5, United States Code.
       (2) Requirements.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act--
       (A) in order to account for the amendments made by 
     subsection (a), the head of each agency shall revise the 
     executive qualifications with respect to appointment to 
     career appointee positions at the agency, as are required to 
     be determined in writing under section 3393(d) of title 5, 
     United States Code, as so redesignated by subsection (a)(2) 
     of this section; and
       (B) the Director of the Office of Personnel Management 
     shall make any amendments to the rules of the Office that are 
     necessary as a result of the amendments made by subsection 
     (a).
       (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) John s. mccain national defense authorization act for 
     fiscal year 2019.--Section 1109(a) of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (5 
     U.S.C. 3393 note) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Notwithstanding section 3393(c) of title 
     5, United States Code, or any regulations implementing that 
     section, and subject to'' and inserting ``Subject to''; and
       (B) by striking ``otherwise required by that section''.
       (2) Title 5.--Title 5, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in section 3592(a)(1), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' 
     and inserting ``section 3393(c)'';
       (B) in section 3593--
       (i) in subsection (a)--

       (I) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``section 3393(b) and (c)'' and inserting ``section 
     3393(b)''; and
       (II) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' and 
     inserting ``section 3393(c)''; and

       (ii) in subsection (c)(1)--

       (I) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``section 3393(b) and (c)'' and inserting ``section 
     3393(b)''; and
       (II) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' 
     and inserting ``section 3393(c)'';

       (C) in section 3594--
       (i) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' and 
     inserting ``section 3393(c)''; and
       (ii) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' and inserting ``section 
     3393(c)'';
       (D) in section 3595(b)(1), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' 
     and inserting ``section 3393(c)''; and
       (E) in section 7541(1)(A), by striking ``section 3393(d)'' 
     and inserting ``section 3393(c)''.
       (3) Title 10.--Section 1599e(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``sections 3321 and 3393(d) of 
     title 5'' and inserting ``sections 3321 and 3393(c) of title 
     5''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1824. Mr. LANKFORD submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. EXPANSION OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEE COVERAGE.

       (a) Paid Parental Leave for Employees of District of 
     Columbia Courts and District of Columbia Public Defender 
     Service.--
       (1) District of columbia courts.--Section 11-1726, District 
     of Columbia Official Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(d) In carrying out the Family and Medical Leave Act of 
     1993 (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) with respect to nonjudicial 
     employees of the District of Columbia courts, the Joint 
     Committee on Judicial Administration shall, notwithstanding 
     any provision of such Act, establish a paid parental leave 
     program for the leave described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
     of section 102(a)(1) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 2612(a)(1)) 
     (relating to leave provided in connection with the birth of a 
     child or a placement of a child for adoption or foster care). 
     In developing the terms and conditions for this program, the 
     Joint Committee may be guided by the terms and conditions 
     applicable to the provision of paid parental leave for 
     employees of the Federal Government under chapter 63 of title 
     5, United States Code, and any corresponding regulations.''.
       (2) District of columbia public defender service.--Section 
     305 of the District of Columbia Court Reform and Criminal 
     Procedure Act of 1970 (section 2-1605, D.C. Official Code) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) In carrying out the Family and Medical Leave Act of 
     1993 (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) with respect to employees of 
     the Service, the Director shall, notwithstanding any 
     provision of such Act, establish a paid parental leave 
     program for the leave described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
     of section 102(a)(1) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 2612(a)(1)) 
     (relating to leave provided in connection with the birth of a 
     child or the placement of a child for adoption or foster 
     care). In developing the terms and conditions for this 
     program, the Director may be guided by the terms and 
     conditions applicable to the provision of paid parental leave 
     for employees of the Federal Government under chapter 63 of 
     title 5, United States Code, and any corresponding 
     regulations.''.
       (b) FAA and TSA.--
       (1) Application of title 5 family and medical leave.--
       (A) In general.--Section 40122(g)(2) of title 49, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (i) in subparagraph (I)(iii), by striking ``and'' at the 
     end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (J), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(K) subchapter V of chapter 63, relating to family and 
     medical leave.''.
       (B) Applicability.--The amendments made by subparagraph (A) 
     shall not be effective with respect to any event for which 
     leave may be taken under subchapter V of chapter 63 of title 
     5, United States Code, occurring before October 1, 2020.
       (2) Clarification for tsa screeners.--
       (A) In general.--Section 111(d)(2)(B) of the Aviation and 
     Transportation Security Act (49 U.S.C. 44935 note) is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(B) Leave.--Any individual appointed under paragraph (1) 
     who otherwise qualifies as an employee under the requirements 
     in section 6381(1) of title 5, United States Code, shall be 
     subject to subchapter V of chapter 63 of such title.''.
       (B) Effective date.--The amendment made by subparagraph (A) 
     shall not be effective with respect to any event for which 
     leave may be taken under subchapter V of chapter 63 of title 
     5, United States Code, occurring before October 1, 2020.
       (c) Title 38 Employees.--
       (1) In general.--Section 7425 of title 38, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (c), and 
     notwithstanding''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
     subchapter, the Administration shall provide to individuals 
     appointed to any position described in section 7421(b) who 
     are employed for compensation by the Administration, family 
     and medical leave in the same manner and subject to the same 
     limitations to the maximum extent practicable, as family and 
     medical leave is provided under subchapter V of chapter 63 of 
     title 5 to employees, as defined in section 6381(1) of such 
     title.''.
       (2) Applicability.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
     shall not be effective with respect to any event for which 
     leave may be taken under subchapter V of chapter 63 of title 
     5, United States Code, occurring before October 1, 2020.

[[Page S3362]]

       (d) Article I Judges.--
       (1) Bankruptcy judges.--Section 153(d) of title 28, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A bankruptcy judge''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) The provisions of subchapter V of chapter 63 of title 
     5 shall apply to a bankruptcy judge as if the bankruptcy 
     judge were an employee (within the meaning of subparagraph 
     (A) of section 6381(1) of such title).''.
       (2) Magistrate judges.--Section 631(k) of title 28, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A United States 
     magistrate judge''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) The provisions of subchapter V of chapter 63 of title 
     5 shall apply to a United States magistrate judge as if the 
     United States magistrate judge were an employee (within the 
     meaning of subparagraph (A) of section 6381(1) of such 
     title).''.
       (3) Applicability.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall not be effective with respect to any event for which 
     leave may be taken under subchapter V of chapter 63 of title 
     5, United States Code, occurring before October 1, 2020.
       (e) Employees of Executive Office of the President.--
       (1) In general.--Section 412 of title 3, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Exception.--Notwithstanding section 401(b)(2), the 
     requirements of paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply with respect 
     to leave under subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 102(a)(1) 
     of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 
     2612(a)(1)).'';
       (B) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c) Special Rules for Substitution of Paid Leave.--
       ``(1) Substitution of paid leave.--A covered employee may 
     elect to substitute for any leave without pay under 
     subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 102(a)(1) of the Family 
     and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2612(a)(1)) any paid 
     leave which is available to such employee for that purpose.
       ``(2) Available leave.--The paid leave that is available to 
     a covered employee for purposes of paragraph (1) is leave of 
     the type and in the amount available to an employee under 
     section 6382(d)(2)(B) of title 5, United States Code, for 
     substitution for leave without pay under subparagraph (A) or 
     (B) of section 6382(a)(1) of such title.
       ``(3) Consistency with title 5.--Paid leave shall be 
     substituted under this subsection in a manner that is 
     consistent with the requirements in section 6382(d)(2) of 
     title 5, United States Code, except that a reference in that 
     section to an employing agency shall be considered to be a 
     reference to an employing office, and subparagraph (E) of 
     that section shall not apply.'';
       (D) in paragraph (2) of subsection (d), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end of 
     the subparagraph;
       (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) except that the President or designee shall issue 
     regulations to implement subsection (c) in accordance with 
     the requirements of that subsection.''; and
       (E) in paragraph (1) of subsection (e), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (B), by inserting after ``subsection (c)'' the 
     following: ``(as in effect on the date of enactment of the 
     Presidential and Executive Office Accountability Act)''.
       (2) Applicability.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall not be effective with respect to any birth or placement 
     occurring before October 1, 2020.
       (f) Amendments to Title 5 Family and Medical Leave Act 
     Provisions.--Chapter 63 of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in section 6301(2), by amending clause (v) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(v) an employee of the Veterans Health Administration who 
     is covered by a leave system established under section 7421 
     of title 38;'';
       (2) in section 6381(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(v) or''; and
       (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) has completed at least 12 months of service as an 
     employee (as defined in section 2105) of the Government of 
     the United States, including service with the United States 
     Postal Service, the Postal Regulatory Commission, and a 
     nonappropriated fund instrumentality as described in section 
     2105(c);''; and
       (3) in section 6382(d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``under subchapter I'' in 
     each place it appears; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``under subchapter 
     I''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(H) Notwithstanding subparagraph (B)(i), an employee's 
     entitlement to 12 administrative workweeks of paid parental 
     leave described in such subparagraph in connection with a 
     particular birth or placement shall be reduced by the period 
     for which the employee received paid parental leave under an 
     authority applicable to Federal employees other than this 
     paragraph for the same birth or placement event.''.
       (g) Parallel Benefits.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
     of law, a Federal agency shall reduce an employee's otherwise 
     applicable paid parental leave benefit to account for any 
     parallel Federal employee leave benefit provided to the 
     employee during a leave eligibility period connected to the 
     birth or placement of the same son or daughter.
       (h) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect as if enacted immediately after the 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1825. Mr. LANKFORD (for himself, Mr. Peters, and Ms. Sinema) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 
4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. REQUIREMENT TO POST A 100 WORD SUMMARY TO 
                   REGULATIONS.GOV.

       Section 553(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
       ``(4) the Internet address of a summary of not more than 
     100 words in length of the proposed rule, in plain language, 
     that shall be posted on the Internet website under section 
     206(d) of the E-Government Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note) 
     (commonly known as regulations.gov).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1826. Mr. LANKFORD submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At appropriate place, insert the following:

     SECTION ___. EXPEDITED HIRING AUTHORITY.

       (a) Expedited Hiring Authority for College Graduates.--
     Section 3115(e)(1) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``15 percent'' and inserting ``25 percent''.
       (b) Expedited Hiring Authority for Post-secondary 
     Students.--Section 3116(d)(1) of title 5, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``15 percent'' and inserting ``25 
     percent''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1827. Mr. WARNER (for himself and Mr. Rubio) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. SECURE AND TRUSTED TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate;
       (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       (C) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (D) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
     of the Senate;
       (F) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       (G) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives;
       (H) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (I) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (J) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (K) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (L) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Fifth-generation wireless network.--The term ``fifth-
     generation wireless network'' means a radio network as 
     described by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 
     Release 15 or higher.
       (b) Supporting the Development and Adoption of Secure and 
     Trusted Technologies Among Intelligence Allies and 
     Partners.--
       (1) Communications technology security and innovation 
     fund.--
       (A) Establishment of fund.--
       (i) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of 
     the United States a fund to be

[[Page S3363]]

     known as the ``Communications Technology Security and 
     Innovation Fund'' (referred to in this paragraph as the 
     ``Security Fund'').
       (ii) Administration.--The Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall administer the 
     Security Fund.
       (iii) Contents of fund.--

       (I) In general.--The fund shall consist of--

       (aa) amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
     appropriations under paragraph (3)(A); and
       (bb) such other amounts as may be appropriated or otherwise 
     made available to the Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity to be deposited in the Security 
     Fund.

       (II) Availability.--

       (aa) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Security Fund 
     shall remain available through the end of the tenth fiscal 
     year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (bb) Remainder to treasury.--Any amounts remaining in the 
     Security Fund after the end of the tenth fiscal year 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act shall 
     be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury.
       (iv) Use of amounts.--Amounts deposited in the Security 
     Fund shall be available to the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity to award grants under 
     subparagraph (B).
       (B) Grants.--
       (i) In general.--The Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity shall award grants to support 
     research and the commercial application of such research, 
     including in the following areas:

       (I) Promoting the development of technology, including 
     software, hardware, and microprocessing technology, that will 
     enhance competitiveness in fifth-generation (commonly known 
     as ``5G'') and successor wireless technology supply chains.
       (II) Accelerating development and deployment of open 
     interface, standards-based compatible interoperable 
     equipment, such as equipment developed pursuant to the 
     standards set forth by organizations such as the O-RAN 
     Alliance, the Telecom Infra Project, 3GPP, the O-RAN Software 
     Community, or any successor organizations.
       (III) Promoting compatibility of new fifth-generation 
     wireless network equipment with future open standards-based 
     interoperable equipment.
       (IV) Managing integration of multivendor network 
     environments.
       (V) Objective criteria to define equipment as compliant 
     with open standards for multivendor network equipment 
     interoperability.
       (VI) Promoting development and inclusion of security 
     features enhancing the integrity and availability of 
     equipment in multivendor networks.
       (VII) Promoting the application of network function 
     virtualization to facilitate multivendor interoperability and 
     a more diverse vendor market.

       (ii) Amount.--

       (I) In general.--Subject to subclause (II), a grant awarded 
     under clause (i) shall be in such amount as the Director of 
     the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity consider 
     appropriate.
       (II) Limitation on grant amounts.--The amount of a grant 
     awarded under this paragraph to a recipient for a specific 
     research focus area may not exceed $100,000,000.

       (iii) Criteria.--The Director of the Intelligence Advanced 
     Research Projects Activity, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
     Communications and Information, the Director of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, shall establish criteria for grants 
     awarded under clause (i).
       (iv) Timing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall begin awarding 
     grants under clause (i).
       (C) Federal advisory body.--
       (i) Establishment.--The Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity shall establish a Federal 
     advisory committee, in accordance with the Federal Advisory 
     Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), composed of government and 
     private sector experts, to advise the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity on the 
     administration of the Security Fund.
       (ii) Composition.--The advisory committee established under 
     clause (i) shall be composed of--

       (I) representatives from--

       (aa) the Federal Communications Commission;
       (bb) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
       (cc) the Department of Defense;
       (dd) the Department of State;
       (ee) the National Science Foundation; and
       (ff) the Department of Homeland Security; and

       (II) other representatives from the private and public 
     sectors, at the discretion of the Security Fund.

       (iii) Duties.--The advisory committee established under 
     clause (i) shall advise the Director of the Intelligence 
     Advanced Research Projects Activity on technology 
     developments to help inform--

       (I) the strategic direction of the Security Fund; and
       (II) efforts of the Federal Government to promote a more 
     secure, diverse, sustainable, and competitive supply chain.

       (D) Reports to congress.--
       (i) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity shall submit 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a report with--

       (I) additional recommendations on promoting the 
     competitiveness and sustainability of trusted suppliers in 
     the wireless supply chain; and
       (II) any additional authorities needed to facilitate the 
     timely adoption of open standards-based equipment, including 
     authority to provide loans, loan guarantees, and other forms 
     of credit extension that would maximize the use of designated 
     funds.

       (ii) Annual report.--For each fiscal year for which amounts 
     in the Security Fund are available under this paragraph, the 
     Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects 
     Activity shall submit to Congress a report that--

       (I) describes how, and to whom, grants have been awarded 
     under subparagraph (B);
       (II) details the progress of the Director of the 
     Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity in meeting 
     the objectives described in subparagraph (B)(i); and
       (III) includes such other information as the Director of 
     the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity 
     determine appropriate.

       (2) Multilateral telecommunications security fund.--
       (A) Establishment of fund.--
       (i) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of 
     the United States a fund to be known as the ``Multilateral 
     Telecommunications Security Fund'' (in this section referred 
     to as the ``Multilateral Fund'').
       (ii) Administration.--The Director of National Intelligence 
     and the Secretary of Defense shall jointly administer the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (iii) Use of amounts.--Amounts in the Multilateral Fund 
     shall be used to establish the common funding mechanism 
     required by subparagraph (B).
       (iv) Contents of fund.--

       (I) In general.--The Multilateral Fund shall consist of 
     amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
     appropriations under paragraph (3)(B) and such other amounts 
     as may be appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
     Director and the Secretary to be deposited in the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (II) Availability.--

       (aa) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Multilateral 
     Fund shall remain available through fiscal year 2031.
       (bb) Remainder to treasury.--Any amounts remaining in the 
     Fund after fiscal year 2031 shall be deposited in the General 
     Fund of the Treasury.
       (B) Multilateral common funding mechanism.--
       (i) In general.--The Director and the Secretary shall 
     jointly, in coordination with foreign partners, establish a 
     common funding mechanism that uses amounts from the 
     Multilateral Fund to support the development and adoption of 
     secure and trusted telecommunications technologies in key 
     markets globally.
       (ii) Consultation required.--The Director and the Secretary 
     shall carry out clause (i) in consultation with the 
     following:

       (I) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (II) The Secretary of State.
       (III) The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for 
     Communications and Information.
       (IV) The Director of the Intelligence Advanced Research 
     Projects Activity.
       (V) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and 
     Technology.

       (C) Annual report to congress.--
       (i) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and not less frequently than once 
     each fiscal year thereafter until fiscal year 2031, the 
     Director and the Secretary shall jointly submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress an annual report on the 
     Multilateral Fund and the use of amounts under subparagraph 
     (B).
       (ii) Contents.--Each report submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include, for the fiscal year covered by the report, the 
     following:

       (I) Any funding commitments from foreign partners, 
     including each specific amount committed.
       (II) Governing criteria for use of the amounts in the 
     Multilateral Fund.
       (III) An account of--

       (aa) how, and to whom, funds have been deployed;
       (bb) amounts remaining in the Multilateral Fund; and
       (cc) the progress of the Director and the Secretary in 
     meeting the objective described in subparagraph (B)(i).

       (IV) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Director and the Secretary may have to enhance 
     the effectiveness of the Multilateral Fund in achieving the 
     security goals of the United States.

       (3) Authorization of appropriations.--
       (A) Communications technology security and innovation 
     fund.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     paragraph (1) $750,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
     2021 through 2031.
       (B) Multilateral telecommunications security fund.--There 
     is authorized to be appropriated to carry out paragraph (2) 
     $750,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2021 through 
     2031.
       (c) Exposing Political Pressure in International Standards-
     setting Bodies That Set Standards for Fifth-generation 
     Wireless Networks.--

[[Page S3364]]

       (1) Report required.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on political pressure within international 
     forums that set standards for fifth-generation wireless 
     networks and for future generations of wireless networks, 
     including--
       (i) the International Telecommunication Union (ITU);
       (ii) the International Organization for Standardization 
     (ISO);
       (iii) the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission 
     (CITEL); and
       (iv) the voluntary standards organizations that develop 
     protocols for wireless devices and other equipment, such as 
     the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and the 
     Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
       (B) Form.--The report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (2) Consultation required.--The Director and the Secretary 
     shall carry out paragraph (1) in consultation with the 
     following:
       (A) The Federal Communications Commission.
       (B) The Secretary of State.
       (C) The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
     and Information.
       (D) The Secretary of Defense.
       (E) The Director of National Intelligence.
       (F) The Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and 
     Technology.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1828. Mr. CARPER (for himself, Mr. Barrasso, Mrs. Capito, Mr. 
Whitehouse, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Van Hollen, Mr. Sullivan, Mrs. Gillibrand, 
Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Cardin, and Mr. Booker) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. DIESEL EMISSIONS REDUCTION.

       (a) Reauthorization of Diesel Emissions Reduction 
     Program.--Section 797(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 
     U.S.C. 16137(a)) is amended by striking ``2016'' and 
     inserting ``2024''.
       (b) Recognizing Differences in Diesel Vehicle, Engine, 
     Equipment, and Fleet Use.--
       (1) National grant, rebate, and loan programs.--Section 
     792(c)(4)(D) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
     16132(c)(4)(D)) is amended by inserting ``, recognizing 
     differences in typical vehicle, engine, equipment, and fleet 
     use throughout the United States'' before the semicolon.
       (2) State grant, rebate, and loan programs.--Section 
     793(b)(1) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
     16133(b)(1)) is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) the recognition, for purposes of implementing this 
     section, of differences in typical vehicle, engine, 
     equipment, and fleet use throughout the United States, 
     including expected useful life; and''.
       (c) Reallocation of Unused State Funds.--Section 
     793(c)(2)(C) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
     16133(c)(2)(C)) is amended beginning in the matter preceding 
     clause (i) by striking ``to each remaining'' and all that 
     follows through ``this paragraph'' in clause (ii) and 
     inserting ``to carry out section 792''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1829. Mr. COONS (for himself, Mr. Tillis, Mr. Markey, Mr. Young, 
Mr. Durbin, and Ms. Collins) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. SENATE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION.

       (a) Commission Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--There is established in the Senate the 
     Senate Human Rights Commission (in this section referred to 
     as the ``Commission'').
       (2) Duties.--The Commission shall--
       (A) serve as a forum for bipartisan discussion of 
     international human rights issues and promotion of 
     internationally recognized human rights as enshrined in the 
     Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
       (B) raise awareness of international human rights 
     violations through regular briefings and hearings; and
       (C) collaborate with the executive branch, human rights 
     entities, and nongovernmental organizations to promote human 
     rights initiatives within the Senate.
       (3) Membership.--Any Senator may become a member of the 
     Commission by submitting a written statement to that effect 
     to the Commission.
       (4) Co-chairpersons of the commission.--
       (A) In general.--Two members of the Commission shall be 
     appointed to serve as co-chairpersons of the Commission, as 
     follows:
       (i) One co-chairperson shall be appointed, and may be 
     removed, by the majority leader of the Senate.
       (ii) One co-chairperson shall be appointed, and may be 
     removed, by the minority leader of the Senate.
       (B) Term.--The term of a member as a co-chairperson of the 
     Commission shall end on the last day of the Congress during 
     which the member is appointed as a co-chairperson, unless the 
     member ceases being a member of the Senate, leaves the 
     Commission, resigns from the position of co-chairperson, or 
     is removed.
       (C) Publication.--Appointments under this paragraph shall 
     be printed in the Congressional Record.
       (D) Vacancies.--Any vacancy in the position of co-
     chairperson of the Commission shall be filled in the same 
     manner in which the original appointment was made.
       (b) Commission Staff.--
       (1) Compensation and expenses.--
       (A) In general.--The Commission is authorized, from funds 
     made available under subsection (c), to--
       (i) employ such staff in the manner and at a rate not to 
     exceed that allowed for employees of a committee of the 
     Senate under section 105(e)(3) of the Legislative Branch 
     Appropriation Act, 1968 (2 U.S.C. 4575(e)(3)); and
       (ii) incur such expenses as may be necessary or appropriate 
     to carry out its duties and functions.
       (B) Expenses.--
       (i) In general.--Payments made under this subsection for 
     receptions, meals, and food-related expenses shall be 
     authorized only for actual expenses incurred by the 
     Commission in the course of conducting its official duties 
     and functions.
       (ii) Treatment of payments.--Amounts received as 
     reimbursement for expenses described in clause (i) shall not 
     be reported as income, and the expenses so reimbursed shall 
     not be allowed as a deduction under the Internal Revenue Code 
     of 1986.
       (2) Designation of professional staff.--
       (A) In general.--Each co-chairperson of the Commission may 
     designate 1 professional staff member.
       (B) Compensation of senate employees.--In the case of the 
     compensation of any professional staff member designated 
     under subparagraph (A) who is an employee of a Member of the 
     Senate or of a committee of the Senate and who has been 
     designated to perform services for the Commission, the 
     professional staff member shall continue to be paid by the 
     Member or committee, as the case may be, but the account from 
     which the professional staff member is paid shall be 
     reimbursed for the services of the professional staff member 
     (including agency contributions when appropriate) out of 
     funds made available under subsection (c).
       (C) Duties.--Each professional staff member designated 
     under subparagraph (A) shall--
       (i) serve all members of the Commission; and
       (ii) carry out such other functions as the co-chairperson 
     designating the professional staff member may specify.
       (c) Payment of Expenses.--
       (1) In general.--The expenses of the Commission shall be 
     paid from the Contingent Fund of the Senate, out of the 
     account of Miscellaneous Items, upon vouchers approved 
     jointly by the co-chairpersons (except that vouchers shall 
     not be required for the disbursement of salaries of employees 
     who are paid at an annual rate of pay).
       (2) Amounts available.--For any fiscal year, not more than 
     $200,000 shall be expended for employees and expenses.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1830. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. LIMITATION OF AUTHORITY.

       Section 508(a)(5) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 
     U.S.C. 878(a)(5)) is amended by inserting before the period 
     at the end the following: ``, except that such authority does 
     not include authority to conduct covert surveillance within 
     the United States on an individual engaging in a protest, 
     civil disobedience, or similar act''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1831. Mrs. FEINSTEIN (for herself, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. Blumenthal, and 
Mr. Markey) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by her to 
the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy,

[[Page S3365]]

to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title VII, add the following:

     SEC. 752. DATABASE ON MILITARY AVIATORS AND STUDY ON THE 
                   INCIDENCE OF CANCER DIAGNOSIS AND MORTALITY 
                   AMONG MILITARY AVIATORS.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) It has been reported that the prevalence of cancer is 
     particularly high among military aviators, particularly among 
     fighter pilots in the Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps.
       (2) There have been several alarming clusters of cancer 
     diagnoses at military installations, including at Naval Air 
     Weapons Station China Lake in California and Seymour Johnson 
     Air Force Base in North Carolina.
       (3) Four commanding officers who served at Naval Air 
     Weapons Station China Lake have died of cancer. Each officer 
     had completed thousands of flight hours in advanced jets.
       (4) According to a study by the Air Force in 2008 titled 
     ``Cancer in Fighters'', six pilots and weapons systems 
     officers for the F-15E Strike Eagle at Seymour Johnson Air 
     Force Base, aged 33 to 43, were diagnosed with forms of 
     urogenital cancers between 2002 and 2005. Each officer had 
     completed at least 2,100 flight hours.
       (5) A study by the Air Force in 2010 reported on a cluster 
     of seven members of the Air Force Special Operations Command 
     diagnosed with brain cancer among crew members of the C-130 
     between 2006 and 2009. The individuals affected were three C-
     130 pilots, two flight engineers, one loadmaster, and one 
     navigator assigned to different installations around the 
     world. Overall, brain cancer affects approximately 6.5 out of 
     100,000 people in the United States annually.
       (6) There has been no comprehensive study conducted of 
     cancer rates among military aviators.
       (7) One challenge of extracting findings from previous 
     studies by the Navy or the Air Force on cancer rates is that 
     each study focused on pilots who are active duty members of 
     the Armed Forces and did not include the medical records of 
     former pilots who are veterans, which is the population in 
     which cancer is surfacing.
       (8) Members of the Armed Forces who serve full military 
     careers are not likely to be counted in data captured by the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs. Members who serve 20 years or 
     more are eligible for health care under the TRICARE program, 
     which is managed by the Department of Defense. Also, many 
     members pursue private sector jobs after separating from the 
     Armed Forces and receive health care outside of the Federal 
     Government. Those factors have made it difficult to find 
     statistics to back up the health issues that families of 
     military aviators are experiencing.
       (b) Database.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     seek to enter into an agreement with the National Institutes 
     of Health, the National Cancer Institute, and the Department 
     of Veterans Affairs, under which the Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop a comprehensive database and repository--
       (A) identifying each military aviator; and
       (B) documenting the cancers, date of diagnosis, and 
     mortality of all such military aviators.
       (2) Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall format all data 
     included in the database and repository under paragraph (1) 
     in accordance with the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End 
     Results program of the National Cancer Institute, including 
     by disaggregating such data by race, gender, and age.
       (c) Study.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in conjunction 
     with the National Institutes of Health and the National 
     Cancer Institute, shall conduct a study on cancer among 
     military aviators in two phases as provided in this 
     subsection.
       (2) Phase 1.--
       (A) In general.--Under the initial phase of the study 
     conducted under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     determine if there is a higher incidence of cancers occurring 
     for military aviators as compared to similar age groups in 
     the general population through the use of the database of the 
     Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program of the 
     National Cancer Institute.
       (B) Report.--Not later than one year after the date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense enters into the agreement 
     under subsection (b)(1), the Secretary shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the findings 
     of the initial phase of the study under subparagraph (A).
       (3) Phase 2.--
       (A) In general.--If, pursuant to the initial phase of the 
     study under paragraph (2), the Secretary concludes that there 
     is an increased rate of cancers among military aviators, the 
     Secretary shall conduct a second phase of the study under 
     which the Secretary shall do the following:
       (i) Identify the carcinogenic toxins or hazardous materials 
     associated with military flight operations from shipboard or 
     land bases or facilities, such as fuels, fumes, and other 
     liquids.
       (ii) Identify the operating environments, including 
     frequencies or electromagnetic fields, where exposure to 
     ionizing radiation (associated with high altitude flight) and 
     nonionizing radiation (associated with airborne, ground, and 
     shipboard radars) occurred in which military aviators could 
     have received increased radiation amounts.
       (iii) Identify, for each military aviator, duty stations, 
     dates of service, aircraft flown, and additional duties (such 
     as Landing Safety Officer, Catapult and Arresting Gear 
     Officer, Air Liaison Officer, or Tactical Air Control Party) 
     that could have increased the risk of cancer for such 
     military aviator.
       (iv) Determine locations where a military aviator served or 
     additional duties of a military aviator that are associated 
     with higher incidences of cancers.
       (v) Identify potential exposures due to service in the 
     Armed Forces that are not related to aviation, such as 
     exposure to burn pits or toxins in contaminated water, 
     embedded in the soil, or inside bases or housing.
       (vi) Determine the appropriate age to begin screening 
     military aviators for cancer based on race, gender, flying 
     hours, Armed Force, type of aircraft, and mission.
       (B) Data.--The Secretary shall format all data included in 
     the study conducted under this paragraph in accordance with 
     the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program of 
     the National Cancer Institute, including by disaggregating 
     such data by race, gender, and age.
       (C) Report.--Not later than one year after the submittal of 
     the report under paragraph (2)(B), if the Secretary conducts 
     the second phase of the study under this paragraph, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on the findings of the study conducted 
     under this paragraph.
       (4) Use of data from previous studies.--In conducting the 
     study under this subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     incorporate data from previous studies conducted by the Air 
     Force, the Navy, or the Marine Corps that are relevant to the 
     study under this subsection, including data from the 
     comprehensive study conducted by the Air Force identifying 
     each military aviator and documenting the cancers, dates of 
     diagnoses, and mortality of each military aviator.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committee of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Armed forces.--The term ``Armed Forces''--
       (A) has the meaning given the term ``armed forces'' in 
     section 101 of title 10, United States Code; and
       (B) includes the reserve components named in section 10101 
     of such title.
       (3) Military aviator.--The term ``military aviator''--
       (A) means an aviator who served in the Armed Forces on or 
     after February 28, 1961; and
       (B) includes any air crew member of fixed-wing aircraft, 
     including pilots, navigators, weapons systems operators, 
     aircraft system operators, and any other crew member who 
     regularly flies in an aircraft or is required to complete the 
     mission of the aircraft.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1832. Mrs. FEINSTEIN (for herself, Mr. Grassley, and Mr. Schatz) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by her to the bill S. 
4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

         TITLE __--CANNABIDIOL AND MARIHUANA RESEARCH EXPANSION

     SEC. __01. SHORT TITLE.

       This title may be cited as the ``Cannabidiol and Marihuana 
     Research Expansion Act''.

     SEC. __02. DEFINITIONS.

       In this title--
       (1) the term ``appropriately registered'' means that an 
     individual or entity is registered under the Controlled 
     Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) to engage in the type 
     of activity that is carried out by the individual or entity 
     with respect to with a controlled substance on the schedule 
     that is applicable to cannabidiol or marihuana, as 
     applicable;
       (2) the term ``cannabidiol'' means--
       (A) the substance, cannabidiol, as derived from marihuana 
     that has a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol level that is greater 
     than 0.3 percent; and
       (B) the synthetic equivalent of the substance described in 
     subparagraph (A);
       (3) the terms ``controlled substance'', ``dispense'', 
     ``distribute'', ``manufacture'', ``marihuana'', and 
     ``practitioner'' have the meanings given such terms in 
     section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802), 
     as amended by this title;
       (4) the term ``covered institution of higher education'' 
     means an institution of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001)) that--

[[Page S3366]]

       (A)(i) has highest or higher research activity, as defined 
     by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
     Education; or
       (ii) is an accredited medical school or an accredited 
     school of osteopathic medicine; and
       (B) is appropriately registered under the Controlled 
     Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.);
       (5) the term ``drug'' has the meaning given the term in 
     section 201(g)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
     (21 U.S.C. 321(g)(1));
       (6) the term ``medical research for drug development'' 
     means medical research that is--
       (A) a preclinical study or clinical investigation conducted 
     in accordance with section 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, 
     and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(i)) or otherwise permitted by 
     the Department of Health and Human Services to determine the 
     potential medical benefits of marihuana or cannabidiol as a 
     drug; and
       (B) conducted by a covered institution of higher education, 
     practitioner, or manufacturer that is appropriately 
     registered under the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 
     et seq.); and
       (7) the term ``State'' means any State of the United 
     States, the District of Columbia, and any territory of the 
     United States.

            Subtitle A--Registrations for Marihuana Research

     SEC. __11. MARIHUANA RESEARCH APPLICATIONS.

       Section 303(f) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 
     823(f)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (E), respectively;
       (2) by striking ``(f) The Attorney General'' and inserting 
     ``(f)(1) The Attorney General'';
       (3) by striking ``Registration applications'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(2)(A) Registration applications'';
       (4) by striking ``Article 7'' and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Article 7''; and
       (5) by inserting after paragraph (2)(A), as so designated, 
     the following:
       ``(B)(i) The Attorney General shall register a practitioner 
     to conduct research with marihuana if--
       ``(I) the applicant's research protocol--
       ``(aa) has been reviewed and allowed--
       ``(AA) by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under 
     section 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
     (21 U.S.C. 355(i));
       ``(BB) by the National Institutes of Health or another 
     Federal agency that funds scientific research; or
       ``(CC) pursuant to sections 1301.18 and 1301.32 of title 
     21, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successors thereto; 
     and
       ``(II) the applicant has demonstrated to the Attorney 
     General that there are effective procedures in place to 
     adequately safeguard against diversion of the controlled 
     substance for legitimate medical or scientific use pursuant 
     to section __15 of the Cannabidiol and Marihuana Research 
     Expansion Act, including demonstrating that the security 
     measures are adequate for storing the quantity of marihuana 
     the applicant would be authorized to possess.
       ``(ii) The Attorney General may deny an application for 
     registration under this subparagraph only if the Attorney 
     General determines that the issuance of the registration 
     would be inconsistent with the public interest. In 
     determining the public interest, the Attorney General shall 
     consider the factors listed in--
       ``(I) subparagraphs (B) through (E) of paragraph (1); and
       ``(II) subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), if the applicable 
     State requires practitioners conducting research to register 
     with a board or authority described in such subparagraph (A).
       ``(iii)(I) Not later than 60 days after the date on which 
     the Attorney General receives a complete application for 
     registration under this subparagraph, the Attorney General 
     shall--
       ``(aa) approve the application; or
       ``(bb) request supplemental information.
       ``(II) For purposes of subclause (I), an application shall 
     be deemed complete when the applicant has submitted 
     documentation showing that the requirements under clause (i) 
     are satisfied.
       ``(iv) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
     Attorney General receives supplemental information as 
     described in clause (iii)(I)(bb) in connection with an 
     application described in this subparagraph, the Attorney 
     General shall approve or deny the application.
       ``(v) If an application described in this subparagraph is 
     denied, the Attorney General shall provide a written 
     explanation of the basis of denial to the applicant.''.

     SEC. __12. RESEARCH PROTOCOLS.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(B) of section 303 of the 
     Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 823(f), as amended by 
     section __11 of this title, is further amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(vi)(I) If the Attorney General grants an application for 
     registration under clause (i), the registrant may amend or 
     supplement the research protocol without reapplying if the 
     registrant does not change--
       ``(aa) the quantity or type of drug;
       ``(bb) the source of the drug; or
       ``(cc) the conditions under which the drug is stored, 
     tracked, or administered.
       ``(II)(aa) If a registrant under clause (i) seeks to change 
     the type of drug, the source of the drug, or conditions under 
     which the drug is stored, tracked, or administered, the 
     registrant shall notify the Attorney General via registered 
     mail, or an electronic means permitted by the Attorney 
     General, not later than 30 days before implementing an 
     amended or supplemental research protocol.
       ``(bb) A registrant may proceed with an amended or 
     supplemental research protocol described in item (aa) if the 
     Attorney General does not explicitly object during the 30-day 
     period beginning on the date on which the Attorney General 
     receives the notice under item (aa).
       ``(cc) The Attorney General may only object to an amended 
     or supplemental research protocol under this subclause if 
     additional security measures are needed to safeguard against 
     diversion or abuse.
       ``(dd) If a registrant under clause (i) seeks to address 
     additional security measures identified by the Attorney 
     General under item (cc), the registrant shall notify the 
     Attorney General via registered mail, or an electronic means 
     permitted by the Attorney General, not later than 30 days 
     before implementing an amended or supplemental research 
     protocol.
       ``(ee) A registrant may proceed with an amended or 
     supplemental research protocol described in item (dd) if the 
     Attorney General does not explicitly object during the 30-day 
     period beginning on the date on which the Attorney General 
     receives the notice under item (dd).
       ``(III) If a registrant under clause (i) seeks to change 
     the quantity of marihuana needed for research and the change 
     in quantity does not impact the factors described in item 
     (bb) or (cc) of subclause (I) of this clause, the change 
     shall be deemed approved by the Attorney General on the date 
     on which the registered mail return receipt is returned to 
     the registrant, or the date on which the electronic 
     notification, as permitted by the Attorney General, is 
     received, if the registrant submits to the Attorney General--
       ``(aa) the Drug Enforcement Administration registration 
     number of the registrant;
       ``(bb) the quantity of marihuana already obtained;
       ``(cc) the quantity of additional marihuana needed to 
     complete the research; and
       ``(dd) an attestation that the change in quantity does not 
     impact the source of the drug or the conditions under which 
     the drug is stored, tracked, or administered.
       ``(IV) Nothing in this clause shall limit the authority of 
     the Secretary of Health and Human Services over requirements 
     related to research protocols, including changes in--
       ``(aa) the method of administration of marihuana;
       ``(bb) the dosing of marihuana; and
       ``(cc) the number of individuals or patients involved in 
     research.''.
       (b) Regulations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall promulgate 
     regulations to carry out the amendment made by this section.

     SEC. __13. APPLICATIONS TO MANUFACTURE MARIHUANA FOR 
                   RESEARCH.

       (a) In General.--Section 303 of the Controlled Substances 
     Act (21 U.S.C. 823) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (k) as 
     subsections (d) through (l), respectively;
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c)(1)(A) As it relates to applications to manufacture 
     marihuana for research purposes, if the Attorney General 
     places a notice in the Federal Register to increase the 
     number of entities registered under this Act to manufacture 
     marihuana to supply appropriately registered researchers in 
     the United States, the Attorney General shall, not later than 
     60 days after the date on which the Attorney General receives 
     a completed application--
       ``(i) approve the application; or
       ``(ii) request supplemental information.
       ``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), an application 
     shall be deemed complete when the applicant has submitted 
     documentation showing each of the following:
       ``(i) The requirements designated in the notice in the 
     Federal Register are satisfied.
       ``(ii) The requirements under this Act are satisfied.
       ``(iii) The applicant will limit the transfer and sale of 
     any marihuana manufactured under this subsection--
       ``(I) to researchers who are registered under this Act to 
     conduct research with controlled substances in schedule I; 
     and
       ``(II) for purposes of use in preclinical research or in a 
     clinical investigation pursuant to an investigational new 
     drug exemption under 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
     Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(i)).
       ``(iv) The applicant will transfer or sell any marihuana 
     manufactured under this subsection only with prior, written 
     consent for the transfer or sale by the Attorney General.
       ``(v) The applicant has completed the application and 
     review process under subsection (a) for the bulk manufacture 
     of controlled substances in schedule I.
       ``(vi) The applicant has established and begun operation of 
     a process for storage and handling of controlled substances 
     in schedule I, including for inventory control and monitoring 
     security in accordance with section __15 of the Cannabidiol 
     and Marihuana Research Expansion Act.

[[Page S3367]]

       ``(vii) The applicant is licensed by each State in which 
     the applicant will conduct operations under this subsection, 
     to manufacture marihuana, if that State requires such a 
     license.
       ``(C) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
     Attorney General receives supplemental information requested 
     under subparagraph (A)(ii) with respect to an application, 
     the Attorney General shall approve or deny the application.
       ``(2) If an application described in this subsection is 
     denied, the Attorney General shall provide a written 
     explanation of the basis of denial to the applicant.'';
       (3) in subsection (h)(2), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (f)'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``subsection (g)'';
       (4) in subsection (j)(1), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)''; and
       (5) in subsection (k), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (f)'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``subsection (g)''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) The Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) 
     is amended--
       (A) in section 102 (21 U.S.C. 802)--
       (i) in paragraph (16)(B)--

       (I) in clause (i), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (II) by redesignating clause (ii) as (iii); and
       (III) by inserting after clause (i) the following:

       ``(ii) the synthetic equivalent of hemp-derived cannabidiol 
     that contains less than 0.3 percent tetrahydrocannabinol; 
     or'';
       (ii) in paragraph (52)(B)--

       (I) by striking ``303(f)'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``303(g)''; and
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``(d), or (e)'' and 
     inserting ``(e), or (f)''; and

       (iii) in paragraph (54), by striking ``303(f)'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``303(g)'';
       (B) in section 304 (21 U.S.C. 824), by striking 
     ``303(g)(1)'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``303(h)(1)'';
       (C) in section 307(d)(2) (21 U.S.C. 827(d)(2)), by striking 
     ``303(f)'' and inserting ``303(g)'';
       (D) in section 311(h) (21 U.S.C. 831(h)), by striking 
     ``303(f)'' each place it appears and inserting ``303(g)'';
       (E) in section 401(h)(2) (21 U.S.C. 841(h)(2)), by striking 
     ``303(f)'' each place it appears and inserting ``303(g)'';
       (F) in section 403(c)(2)(B) (21 U.S.C. 843(c)(2)(B)), by 
     striking ``303(f)'' and inserting ``303(g)''; and
       (G) in section 512(c)(1) (21 U.S.C. 882(c)(1)) by striking 
     ``303(f)'' and inserting ``303(g)''.
       (2) Section 1008(c) of the Controlled Substances Import and 
     Export Act (21 U.S.C. 958(c)) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``303(d)'' and inserting 
     ``303(e)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``303(h)'' and 
     inserting ``303(i)''.
       (3) Title V of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
     290aa et seq.) is amended--
       (A) in section 520E-4(c) (42 U.S.C. 290bb-36d(c)), by 
     striking ``303(g)(2)(B)'' and inserting ``303(h)(2)(B)''; and
       (B) in section 544(a)(3) (42 U.S.C. 290dd-3(a)(3)), by 
     striking ``303(g)'' and inserting ``303(h)''.

     SEC. __14. ADEQUATE AND UNINTERRUPTED SUPPLY.

       On an annual basis, the Attorney General shall assess 
     whether there is an adequate and uninterrupted supply of 
     marihuana, including of specific strains, for research 
     purposes.

     SEC. __15. SECURITY REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--An individual or entity engaged in 
     researching marihuana or its components shall store it in a 
     securely locked, substantially constructed cabinet.
       (b) Requirements for Other Measures.--Any other security 
     measures required by the Attorney General to safeguard 
     against diversion shall be consistent with those required for 
     practitioners conducting research on other controlled 
     substances in schedules I and II in section 202(c) of the 
     Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)) that have a 
     similar risk of diversion and abuse.

     SEC. __16. PROHIBITION AGAINST REINSTATING INTERDISCIPLINARY 
                   REVIEW PROCESS FOR NON-NIH FUNDED RESEARCHERS.

       The Secretary of Health and Human Services may not--
       (1) reinstate the Public Health Service interdisciplinary 
     review process described in the guidance entitled ``Guidance 
     on Procedures for the Provision of Marijuana for Medical 
     Research'' (issued on May 21, 1999); or
       (2) require another review of scientific protocols that is 
     applicable only to research on marihuana or its components.

  Subtitle B--Development of FDA-approved Drugs Using Cannabidiol and 
                               Marihuana

     SEC. __21. MEDICAL RESEARCH ON CANNABIDIOL.

       Notwithstanding any provision of the Controlled Substances 
     Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Safe and Drug-Free Schools 
     and Communities Act (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), chapter 81 of 
     title 41, United States Code, or any other Federal law, an 
     appropriately registered covered institution of higher 
     education, a practitioner, or a manufacturer may manufacture, 
     distribute, dispense, or possess marihuana or cannabidiol if 
     the marihuana or cannabidiol is manufactured, distributed, 
     dispensed, or possessed, respectively, for purposes of 
     medical research for drug development or subsequent 
     commercial production in accordance with section __22.

     SEC. __22. REGISTRATION FOR THE COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND 
                   DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION 
                   APPROVED DRUGS.

       The Attorney General shall register an applicant to 
     manufacture or distribute cannabidiol or marihuana for the 
     purpose of commercial production of a drug containing or 
     derived from marihuana that is approved by the Secretary of 
     Health and Human Services under section 505 of the Federal 
     Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355), in accordance 
     with the applicable requirements under subsection (a) or (b) 
     of section 303 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 
     823).

     SEC. __23. IMPORTATION OF CANNABIDIOL FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES.

       The Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 
     951 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) in section 1002(a) (21 U.S.C. 952(a))--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by inserting ``and'' after 
     ``uses,''; and
       (C) inserting before the undesignated matter following 
     paragraph (2)(C) the following:
       ``(3) such amounts of marihuana or cannabidiol (as defined 
     in section __02 of the Cannabidiol and Marihuana Research 
     Expansion Act) as are--
       ``(A) approved for medical research for drug development 
     (as such terms are defined in section __02 of the Cannabidiol 
     and Marihuana Research Expansion Act), or
       ``(B) necessary for registered manufacturers to manufacture 
     drugs containing marihuana or cannabidiol that have been 
     approved for use by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs under 
     the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et 
     seq.),''; and
       (2) in section 1007 (21 U.S.C. 957), by amending subsection 
     (a) to read as follows:
       ``(a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no person 
     may--
       ``(A) import into the customs territory of the United 
     States from any place outside thereof (but within the United 
     States), or import into the United States from any place 
     outside thereof, any controlled substance or list I chemical, 
     or
       ``(B) export from the United States any controlled 
     substance or list I chemical,
     unless there is in effect with respect to such person a 
     registration issued by the Attorney General under section 
     1008, or unless such person is exempt from registration under 
     subsection (b).
       ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the import or export 
     of marihuana or cannabidiol (as defined in section __02 of 
     the Cannabidiol and Marihuana Research Expansion Act) that 
     has been approved for--
       ``(A) medical research for drug development authorized 
     under section __21 of the Cannabidiol and Marihuana Research 
     Expansion Act; or
       ``(B) use by registered manufacturers to manufacture drugs 
     containing marihuana or cannabidiol that have been approved 
     for use by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs under the 
     Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et 
     seq.).''.

                Subtitle C--Doctor-patient Relationship

     SEC. __31. DOCTOR-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP.

       It shall not be a violation of the Controlled Substances 
     Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) for a State-licensed physician to 
     discuss--
       (1) the currently known potential harms and benefits of 
     marihuana derivatives, including cannabidiol, as a treatment 
     with the legal guardian of the patient of the physician if 
     the patient is a child; or
       (2) the currently known potential harms and benefits of 
     marihuana and marihuana derivatives, including cannabidiol, 
     as a treatment with the patient or the legal guardian of the 
     patient of the physician if the patient is a legal adult.

                      Subtitle D--Federal Research

     SEC. __41. FEDERAL RESEARCH.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services, in coordination with the Director of the National 
     Institutes of Health and the heads of other relevant Federal 
     agencies, shall submit to the Caucus on International 
     Narcotics Control, the Committee on the Judiciary, and the 
     Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the 
     Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a 
     report on--
       (1) the potential therapeutic effects of cannabidiol or 
     marihuana on serious medical conditions, including 
     intractable epilepsy;
       (2) the potential effects of marihuana, including--
       (A) the effect of increasing delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol 
     levels on the human body and developing adolescent brains; 
     and
       (B) the effect of various delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol 
     levels on cognitive abilities, such as those that are 
     required to operate motor vehicles or other heavy equipment; 
     and
       (3) the barriers associated with researching marihuana or 
     cannabidiol in States that have legalized the use of such 
     substances, which shall include--
       (A) recommendations as to how such barriers might be 
     overcome, including whether public-private partnerships or 
     Federal-State research partnerships may or should be 
     implemented to provide researchers with access to additional 
     strains of marihuana and cannabidiol; and
       (B) recommendations as to what safeguards must be in place 
     to verify--
       (i) the levels of tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, or 
     other cannabinoids contained

[[Page S3368]]

     in products obtained from such States is accurate; and
       (ii) that such products do not contain harmful or toxic 
     components.
       (b) Activities.--To the extent practicable, the Secretary 
     of Health and Human Services, either directly or through 
     awarding grants, contacts, or cooperative agreements, shall 
     expand and coordinate the activities of the National 
     Institutes of Health and other relevant Federal agencies to 
     better determine the effects of cannabidiol and marihuana, as 
     outlined in the report submitted under paragraphs (1) and (2) 
     of subsection (a).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1833. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title IX, add the following:

     SEC. 952. LIMITATION ON CONSOLIDATION OR TRANSITION TO 
                   ALTERNATIVE CONTENT DELIVERY METHODS WITHIN THE 
                   DEFENSE MEDIA ACTIVITY.

       (a) In General.--No consolidation or transition to 
     alternative content delivery methods may occur within the 
     Defense Media Activity until 180 days after the Secretary of 
     Defense submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     report that includes a certification, in detail, that such 
     consolidation or transition to alternative content delivery 
     methods within shall not--
       (1) compromise safety and security of members of the Armed 
     Forces and their families;
       (2) compromise the cybersecurity or security of content 
     delivery to members of the Armed Forces, whether through--
       (A) inherent vulnerabilities in the content delivery method 
     concerned;
       (B) vulnerabilities in the personal devices used by 
     members; or
       (C) vulnerabilities in the receivers or streaming devices 
     necessary to accommodate the alternative content delivery 
     method;
       (3) increase monetary costs or personal financial 
     liabilities to members of the Armed Forces or their families, 
     whether through monthly subscription fees or other tolls 
     required to access digital content; and
       (4) impede access to content due to bandwidth or other 
     technical limitations where members of the Armed Forces 
     receive content.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Alternative content delivery.--The term ``alternative 
     content delivery'' means any method of the Defense Media 
     Activity for the delivery of digital content that is 
     different from a method used by the Activity at a cost as of 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Consolidation.--The term ``consolidation'', in the case 
     of the Defense Media Activity, means any action to reduce or 
     limit the functions, personnel, facilities, or capabilities 
     of the Activity, including entering into contracts or 
     developing plans for such reduction or limitation.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1834. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. LAND EXCHANGE, SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) County.--The term ``County'' means the County of San 
     Bernardino, California.
       (2) Federal land.--The term ``Federal land'' means the 
     approximately 73 acres of Federal land generally depicted as 
     ``Federal Land Proposed for Exchange'' on the map entitled 
     ``Big Bear Land Exchange'' and dated August 6, 2018.
       (3) Non-federal land.--The term ``non-Federal land'' means 
     the approximately 71 acres of land owned by the County 
     generally depicted as ``Non-Federal Land Proposed for 
     Exchange'' on the map referred to in paragraph (2).
       (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of Agriculture.
       (b) Exchange Authorized.--Subject to valid existing rights 
     and this section, not later than 1 year after the date on 
     which the portion of the Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail 
     is relocated in accordance with subsection (i), if the County 
     offers to convey the non-Federal land to the United States, 
     the Secretary shall--
       (1) convey to the County all right, title, and interest of 
     the United States in and to the Federal land; and
       (2) accept from the County a conveyance of all right, 
     title, and interest of the County in and to the non-Federal 
     land.
       (c) Equal Value and Cash Equalization.--
       (1) Equal value exchange.--
       (A) In general.--The land exchange under this section shall 
     be for equal value, or the values of the land exchanged under 
     this section shall be equalized by--
       (i) a cash payment in accordance with this subsection; or
       (ii) an adjustment in acreage.
       (B) Gift.--At the option of the County, any amount by which 
     the value of the non-Federal land exceeds the value of the 
     Federal land may be considered a gift to the United States.
       (2) Cash equalization payment.--The County may equalize the 
     values of the land to be exchanged under this section by cash 
     payment without regard to any statutory limitation on the 
     amount of such a cash equalization payment.
       (3) Deposit and use of funds received from county.--Any 
     cash equalization payment received by the Secretary under 
     this subsection shall--
       (A) be deposited in the fund established under Public Law 
     90-171 (commonly known as the ``Sisk Act'') (16 U.S.C. 484a); 
     and
       (B) remain available to the Secretary, until expended, for 
     the acquisition of land, water, and interests in land for the 
     San Bernardino National Forest.
       (d) Appraisal.--The Secretary shall complete an appraisal 
     of the land to be exchanged under this section in accordance 
     with--
       (1) the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land 
     Acquisitions; and
       (2) the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal 
     Practice.
       (e) Title Approval.--Title to the land to be exchanged 
     under this section shall be in a format acceptable to the 
     Secretary and the County.
       (f) Survey of Non-Federal Land.--Before completing the 
     exchange under this section, the Secretary shall inspect the 
     non-Federal land to ensure that the land meets Federal 
     standards, including with respect to hazardous materials and 
     land line surveys.
       (g) Costs of Conveyance.--As a condition of the conveyance 
     of the Federal land under this section, any costs related to 
     the exchange under this section shall be paid by the County.
       (h) Management of Acquired Lands.--The Secretary shall 
     manage the non-Federal land acquired under this section in 
     accordance with--
       (1) the Act of March 1, 1911 (commonly known as the ``Weeks 
     Law'') (36 Stat. 961, chapter 186; 16 U.S.C. 552 et seq.); 
     and
       (2) other laws and regulations applicable to National 
     Forest System land.
       (i) Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail Relocation.--Not 
     later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary, in accordance with applicable laws, shall 
     relocate the portion of the Pacific Crest National Scenic 
     Trail located on the Federal land--
       (1) to adjacent National Forest System land;
       (2) to land owned by the County, subject to County 
     approval;
       (3) to land within the Federal land, subject to County 
     approval; or
       (4) in a manner that combines 2 or more of the options 
     described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3).
       (j) Map and Legal Descriptions.--
       (1) In general.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare a map and 
     legal descriptions of all land to be conveyed under this 
     section.
       (2) Corrections.--The Secretary may correct any minor 
     errors in the map or in the legal descriptions prepared under 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) Public availability.--The map and legal descriptions 
     prepared under paragraph (1) shall be on file and available 
     for public inspection in appropriate offices of the Forest 
     Service.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1835. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 1__. LAND CONVEYANCE, OVER-THE-HORIZON BACKSCATTER RADAR 
                   SYSTEM RECEIVING STATION, MODOC COUNTY, 
                   CALIFORNIA.

       (a) Conveyance Required.--Subject to subsections (c), (d), 
     and (e), the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this 
     section as the ``Secretary'') shall offer to convey to Modoc 
     County, California (referred to in this section as the 
     ``County''), all right, title, and interest of the United 
     States in and to a parcel of National Forest System land, 
     including improvements thereon, consisting of approximately 
     927 acres in Modoc National Forest in the State of California 
     and containing an obsolete Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar 
     System receiving station established on the parcel pursuant 
     to a memorandum of agreement between the Department of the 
     Air Force and the Forest Service dated May 18 and 23, 1987.
       (b) Purposes of Conveyance.--The purposes of the conveyance 
     under subsection (a) are to preserve and utilize the 
     improvements constructed on the parcel of National Forest 
     System land described in that subsection and

[[Page S3369]]

     to permit the County to use the conveyed property, including 
     improvements thereon, for the development of renewable 
     energy, including solar and biomass cogeneration.
       (c) Consideration.--As consideration for the conveyance 
     under subsection (a), the County shall provide the United 
     States with consideration in an amount that is acceptable to 
     the Secretary, whether by cash payment, in-kind 
     consideration, or a combination thereof.
       (d) Appraisal.--
       (1) Appraisal required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct an 
     appraisal to determine the fair market value of the National 
     Forest System land to be conveyed under subsection (a).
       (2) Standards.--The appraisal under paragraph (1) shall be 
     conducted in accordance with--
       (A) the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land 
     Acquisition; and
       (B) the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal 
     Practice.
       (e) Reservation of Easement Related to Continued Use of 
     Water Wells.--The conveyance required by subsection (a) shall 
     be conditioned on the reservation of an easement by the 
     Secretary, subject to such terms and conditions as the 
     Secretary determines to be appropriate, necessary to provide 
     access for use authorized by the Secretary of the 4 water 
     wells in existence on the date of enactment of this Act and 
     associated water conveyance infrastructure on the parcel of 
     National Forest System land to be conveyed.
       (f) Payment of Costs of Conveyance.--
       (1) Payment required.--
       (A) In general.--As a condition on the conveyance required 
     by subsection (a), the Secretary shall require the County to 
     cover costs (except costs for environmental remediation of 
     the property) to be incurred by the Secretary, or to 
     reimburse the Secretary for those costs incurred by the 
     Secretary, to carry out the conveyance, including--
       (i) survey costs;
       (ii) costs for environmental documentation; and
       (iii) any other administrative costs related to the 
     conveyance.
       (B) Refund.--If the Secretary collects amounts from the 
     County in advance of the Secretary incurring the actual costs 
     described in subparagraph (A), and the amount collected 
     exceeds the costs actually incurred by the Secretary to carry 
     out the conveyance, the Secretary shall refund the excess 
     amount to the County.
       (2) Treatment of amounts received.--Amounts received as 
     reimbursement under paragraph (1) shall be--
       (A) credited to the fund or account that was used to cover 
     the costs described in that paragraph incurred by the 
     Secretary in carrying out the conveyance;
       (B) merged with amounts in the fund or account described in 
     subparagraph (A); and
       (C) available for the same purposes, and subject to the 
     same conditions and limitations, as amounts in the fund or 
     account described in subparagraph (A).
       (g) Environmental Remediation.--
       (1) In general.--To expedite the conveyance of the parcel 
     of National Forest System land described in subsection (a), 
     including improvements thereon, environmental remediation of 
     the land by the Department of the Air Force shall be limited 
     to--
       (A) the removal of the perimeter wooden fence, which was 
     treated with an arsenic-based weatherproof coating; and
       (B) treatment of soil affected by leaching of the chemical 
     described in subparagraph (A).
       (2) Potential future environmental remediation 
     responsibilities.--Notwithstanding the conveyance of the 
     parcel of National Forest System land described in subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of the Air Force shall be responsible for 
     the remediation of any environmental contamination that is--
       (A) discovered after that conveyance; and
       (B) attributed to Air Force occupancy of and operations on 
     the parcel before that conveyance.
       (h) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
     description of the property to be conveyed under subsection 
     (a) shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the 
     Secretary.
       (i) Compliance With Environmental Laws.--Nothing in this 
     section affects or limits the application of or obligation to 
     comply with any environmental law, including--
       (1) the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, 
     and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.); and
       (2) the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1836. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 10___. PROHIBITED USES OF ACQUIRED, DONATED, AND 
                   CONSERVATION LAND.

       Section 714(a) of the California Desert Protection Act of 
     1994 (16 U.S.C. 410aaa-81c(a)) is amended by striking 
     paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Conservation land.--The term `conservation land' 
     means--
       ``(A) any land within the Conservation Area that is 
     designated to satisfy the conditions of a Federal habitat 
     conservation plan, general conservation plan, or State 
     natural communities conservation plan;
       ``(B) any national conservation land within the 
     Conservation Area established pursuant to section 
     2002(b)(2)(D) of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 
     2009 (16 U.S.C. 7202(b)(2)(D)); and
       ``(C) any area of critical environmental concern within the 
     Conservation Area established pursuant to section 202(c)(3) 
     of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 
     U.S.C. 1712(c)(3)).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1837. Ms. COLLINS (for herself and Mr. Heinrich) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle B of title III, add the following:

     SEC. 3__. BETTER ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
     Department of Energy.
       (2) Energy storage system.--The term ``energy storage 
     system'' means any system, equipment, facility, or technology 
     that--
       (A) is capable of absorbing or converting energy, storing 
     the energy for a period of time, and dispatching the energy; 
     and
       (B)(i) uses mechanical, electrochemical, thermal, 
     electrolysis, or other processes to convert and store 
     electric energy that was generated at an earlier time for use 
     at a later time; or
       (ii) stores energy in an electric, thermal, or gaseous 
     state for direct use for heating or cooling at a later time 
     in a manner that avoids the need to use electricity or other 
     fuel sources at that later time, such as a grid-enabled water 
     heater.
       (3) National laboratory.--The term ``National Laboratory'' 
     has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy 
     Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).
       (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of Energy.
       (b) Energy Storage System Research, Development, and 
     Deployment Program.--
       (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a 
     program, to be known as the ``Energy Storage System Research, 
     Development, and Deployment Program'' (referred to in this 
     subsection as the ``program'').
       (2) Initial program objectives.--The program shall focus on 
     research, development, and deployment of--
       (A) energy storage systems designed to further the 
     development of technologies--
       (i) for large-scale commercial deployment;
       (ii) for deployment at cost targets established by the 
     Secretary;
       (iii) for hourly and subhourly durations required to 
     provide reliability services to the grid;
       (iv) for daily durations, which have--

       (I) the capacity to discharge energy for a minimum of 6 
     hours; and
       (II) a system lifetime of at least 20 years under regular 
     operation;

       (v) for weekly or monthly durations, which have--

       (I) the capacity to discharge energy for 10 to 100 hours, 
     at a minimum; and
       (II) a system lifetime of at least 20 years under regular 
     operation; and

       (vi) for seasonal durations, which have--

       (I) the capability to address seasonal variations in supply 
     and demand; and
       (II) a system lifetime of at least 20 years under regular 
     operation;

       (B) distributed energy storage technologies and 
     applications, including building-grid integration;
       (C) transportation energy storage technologies and 
     applications, including vehicle-grid integration;
       (D) cost-effective systems and methods for--
       (i) the reclamation, recycling, and disposal of energy 
     storage materials, including lithium, cobalt, nickel, and 
     graphite; and
       (ii) the reuse and repurposing of energy storage system 
     technologies;
       (E) advanced control methods for energy storage systems;
       (F) pumped hydroelectric energy storage systems to 
     advance--
       (i) adoption of innovative technologies, including--

       (I) adjustable-speed, ternary, and other new pumping and 
     generating equipment designs;
       (II) modular systems;
       (III) closed-loop systems, including mines and quarries; 
     and
       (IV) other critical equipment and materials for pumped 
     hydroelectric energy storage, as determined by the Secretary; 
     and

       (ii) reductions of equipment costs, civil works costs, and 
     construction times for pumped hydroelectric energy storage

[[Page S3370]]

     projects, with the goal of reducing those costs by 50 
     percent;
       (G) models and tools to demonstrate the benefits of energy 
     storage to--
       (i) power and water supply systems;
       (ii) electric generation portfolio optimization; and
       (iii) expanded deployment of other renewable energy 
     technologies, including in hybrid energy storage systems; and
       (H) energy storage use cases from individual and 
     combination technology applications, including value from 
     various-use cases and energy storage services.
       (3) Testing and validation.--In coordination with 1 or more 
     National Laboratories, the Secretary shall accelerate the 
     development, standardized testing, and validation of energy 
     storage systems under the program by developing testing and 
     evaluation methodologies for--
       (A) storage technologies, controls, and power electronics 
     for energy storage systems under a variety of operating 
     conditions;
       (B) standardized and grid performance testing for energy 
     storage systems, materials, and technologies during each 
     stage of development, beginning with the research stage and 
     ending with the deployment stage;
       (C) reliability, safety, and durability testing under 
     standard and evolving duty cycles; and
       (D) accelerated life testing protocols to predict estimated 
     lifetime metrics with accuracy.
       (4) Periodic evaluation of program objectives.--Not less 
     frequently than once every calendar year, the Secretary shall 
     evaluate and, if necessary, update the program objectives to 
     ensure that the program continues to advance energy storage 
     systems toward widespread commercial deployment by lowering 
     the costs and increasing the duration of energy storage 
     resources.
       (5) Energy storage strategic plan.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a 10-year 
     strategic plan for the program, and update the plan, in 
     accordance with this paragraph.
       (B) Contents.--The strategic plan developed under 
     subparagraph (A) shall--
       (i) be coordinated with and integrated across other 
     relevant offices in the Department;
       (ii) to the extent practicable, include metrics that can be 
     used to evaluate storage technologies;
       (iii) identify Department programs that--

       (I) support the research and development activities 
     described in paragraph (2) and the demonstration projects 
     under subsection (c); and
       (II)(aa) do not support the activities or projects 
     described in subclause (I); but
       (bb) are important to the development of energy storage 
     systems and the mission of the Department, as determined by 
     the Secretary;

       (iv) include expected timelines for--

       (I) the accomplishment of relevant objectives under current 
     programs of the Department relating to energy storage 
     systems; and
       (II) the commencement of any new initiatives within the 
     Department relating to energy storage systems to accomplish 
     those objectives; and

       (v) incorporate relevant activities described in the Grid 
     Modernization Initiative Multi-Year Program Plan.
       (C) Submission to congress.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the 
     Senate and the Committees on Energy and Commerce and Science, 
     Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives the 
     strategic plan developed under subparagraph (A).
       (D) Updates to plan.--The Secretary--
       (i) shall annually review the strategic plan developed 
     under subparagraph (A); and
       (ii) may periodically revise the strategic plan as 
     appropriate.
       (6) Leveraging of resources.--The program may be led by a 
     specific office of the Department, but shall be cross-cutting 
     in nature, so that in carrying out activities under the 
     program, the Secretary (or a designee of the Secretary 
     charged with leading the program) shall leverage existing 
     Federal resources, including, at a minimum, the expertise and 
     resources of--
       (A) the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy 
     Reliability;
       (B) the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 
     including the Water Power Technologies Office; and
       (C) the Office of Science, including--
       (i) the Basic Energy Sciences Program;
       (ii) the Advanced Scientific Computing Research Program;
       (iii) the Biological and Environmental Research Program; 
     and
       (D) the Electricity Storage Research Initiative established 
     under section 975 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
     16315).
       (7) Protecting privacy and security.--In carrying out this 
     subsection, the Secretary shall identify, incorporate, and 
     follow best practices for protecting the privacy of 
     individuals and businesses and the respective sensitive data 
     of the individuals and businesses, including by managing 
     privacy risk and implementing the Fair Information Practice 
     Principles of the Federal Trade Commission for the 
     collection, use, disclosure, and retention of individual 
     electric consumer information in accordance with the Office 
     of Management and Budget Circular A-130 (or successor 
     circulars).
       (c) Energy Storage Demonstration Projects; Pilot Grant 
     Program.--
       (1) Demonstration projects.--Not later than September 30, 
     2023, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
     enter into agreements to carry out not fewer than 5 energy 
     storage system demonstration projects, including at least 1 
     energy storage system demonstration project designed to 
     further the development of technologies described in clause 
     (v) or (vi) of subsection (b)(2)(A).
       (2) Energy storage pilot grant program.--
       (A) Definition of eligible entity.--In this paragraph, the 
     term ``eligible entity'' means--
       (i) a State energy office (as defined in section 124(a) of 
     the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15821(a)));
       (ii) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Native 
     American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 
     1996 (25 U.S.C. 4103);
       (iii) a tribal organization (as defined in section 3765 of 
     title 38, United States Code);
       (iv) an institution of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001));
       (v) an electric utility, including--

       (I) an electric cooperative;
       (II) a political subdivision of a State, such as a 
     municipally owned electric utility, or any agency, authority, 
     corporation, or instrumentality of a State political 
     subdivision; and
       (III) an investor-owned utility; and

       (vi) a private energy storage company.
       (B) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     competitive grant program under which the Secretary shall 
     award grants to eligible entities to carry out demonstration 
     projects for pilot energy storage systems.
       (C) Selection requirements.--In selecting eligible entities 
     to receive a grant under subparagraph (B), the Secretary 
     shall, to the maximum extent practicable--
       (i) ensure regional diversity among eligible entities 
     awarded grants, including ensuring participation of eligible 
     entities that are rural States and States with high energy 
     costs;
       (ii) ensure that grants are awarded for demonstration 
     projects that--

       (I) expand on the existing technology demonstration 
     programs of the Department;
       (II) are designed to achieve 1 or more of the objectives 
     described in subparagraph (D); and
       (III) inject or withdraw energy from the bulk power system, 
     electric distribution system, building energy system, or 
     microgrid (grid-connected or islanded mode) where the project 
     is located; and

       (iii) give consideration to proposals from eligible 
     entities for securing energy storage through competitive 
     procurement or contract for service.
       (D) Objectives.--Each demonstration project carried out by 
     a grant awarded under subparagraph (B) shall have 1 or more 
     of the following objectives:
       (i) To improve the security of critical infrastructure and 
     emergency response systems.
       (ii) To improve the reliability of transmission and 
     distribution systems, particularly in rural areas, including 
     high-energy-cost rural areas.
       (iii) To optimize transmission or distribution system 
     operation and power quality to defer or avoid costs of 
     replacing or upgrading electric grid infrastructure, 
     including transformers and substations.
       (iv) To supply energy at peak periods of demand on the 
     electric grid or during periods of significant variation of 
     electric grid supply.
       (v) To reduce peak loads of homes and businesses.
       (vi) To improve and advance power conversion systems.
       (vii) To provide ancillary services for grid stability and 
     management.
       (viii) To integrate renewable energy resource production.
       (ix) To increase the feasibility of microgrids (grid-
     connected or islanded mode).
       (x) To enable the use of stored energy in forms other than 
     electricity to support the natural gas system and other 
     industrial processes.
       (xi) To integrate fast charging of electric vehicles.
       (xii) To improve energy efficiency.
       (3) Reports.--Not less frequently than once every 2 years 
     for the duration of the programs under paragraphs (1) and 
     (2), the Secretary shall submit to Congress and make publicly 
     available a report describing the performance of those 
     programs.
       (4) No project ownership interest.--The Federal Government 
     shall not hold any equity or other ownership interest in any 
     energy storage system that is part of a project under this 
     subsection unless the holding is agreed to by each 
     participant of the project.
       (d) Technical and Planning Assistance Program.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
       (i) an electric cooperative;
       (ii) a political subdivision of a State, such as a 
     municipally owned electric utility, or any agency, authority, 
     corporation, or instrumentality of a State political 
     subdivision;
       (iii) a not-for-profit entity that is in a partnership with 
     not less than 6 entities described in clause (i) or (ii); and

[[Page S3371]]

       (iv) an investor-owned utility.
       (B) Program.--The term ``program'' means the technical and 
     planning assistance program established under paragraph 
     (2)(A).
       (2) Establishment.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a technical 
     and planning assistance program to assist eligible entities 
     in identifying, evaluating, planning, designing, and 
     developing processes to procure energy storage systems.
       (B) Assistance and grants.--Under the program, the 
     Secretary shall--
       (i) provide technical and planning assistance, including 
     disseminating information, directly to eligible entities; and
       (ii) award grants to eligible entities to contract to 
     obtain technical and planning assistance from outside 
     experts.
       (C) Focus.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
     shall focus on energy storage system projects that have the 
     greatest potential for--
       (i) strengthening the reliability and resiliency of energy 
     infrastructure;
       (ii) reducing the cost of energy storage systems;
       (iii) improving the feasibility of microgrids (grid-
     connected or islanded mode), particularly in rural areas, 
     including high energy cost rural areas;
       (iv) reducing consumer electricity costs; or
       (v) maximizing local job creation.
       (3) Technical and planning assistance.--
       (A) In general.--Technical and planning assistance provided 
     under the program shall include assistance with 1 or more of 
     the following activities relating to energy storage systems:
       (i) Identification of opportunities to use energy storage 
     systems.
       (ii) Feasibility studies to assess the potential for 
     development of new energy storage systems or improvement of 
     existing energy storage systems.
       (iii) Assessment of technical and economic characteristics, 
     including a cost-benefit analysis.
       (iv) Utility interconnection.
       (v) Permitting and siting issues.
       (vi) Business planning and financial analysis.
       (vii) Engineering design.
       (viii) Resource adequacy planning.
       (ix) Resilience planning and valuation.
       (B) Exclusion.--Technical and planning assistance provided 
     under the program shall not be used to pay any person for 
     influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee 
     of any Federal, State, or local agency, a Member of Congress, 
     an employee of a Member of Congress, a State or local 
     legislative body, or an employee of a State or local 
     legislative body.
       (4) Information dissemination.--The information 
     disseminated under paragraph (2)(B)(i) shall include--
       (A) information relating to the topics described in 
     paragraph (3)(A), including case studies of successful 
     examples;
       (B) computational tools or software for assessment, design, 
     and operation and maintenance of energy storage systems;
       (C) public databases that track existing and planned energy 
     storage systems;
       (D) best practices for the utility and grid operator 
     business processes associated with the topics described in 
     paragraph (3)(A); and
       (E) relevant State policies or regulations associated with 
     the topics described in paragraph (3)(A).
       (5) Applications.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall seek applications for 
     the program--
       (i) on a competitive, merit-reviewed basis; and
       (ii) on a periodic basis, but not less frequently than once 
     every 12 months.
       (B) Application.--An eligible entity desiring to apply for 
     the program shall submit to the Secretary an application at 
     such time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
     the Secretary may require, including whether the eligible 
     entity is applying for--
       (i) direct technical or planning assistance under paragraph 
     (2)(B)(i); or
       (ii) a grant under paragraph (2)(B)(ii).
       (C) Priorities.--In selecting eligible entities for 
     technical and planning assistance under the program, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities described 
     in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(A).
       (6) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress and 
     make available to the public--
       (A) not less frequently than once every 2 years, a report 
     describing the performance of the program, including a 
     synthesis and analysis of any information the Secretary 
     requires grant recipients to provide to the Secretary as a 
     condition of receiving a grant; and
       (B) on termination of the program, an assessment of the 
     success of, and education provided by, the measures carried 
     out by eligible entities under the program.
       (7) Cost-sharing.--Activities under this subsection shall 
     be subject to the cost-sharing requirements under section 988 
     of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16352).
       (e) Energy Storage Materials Recycling Prize Competition.--
     Section 1008 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
     16396) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(g) Energy Storage Materials Recycling Prize 
     Competition.--
       ``(1) Definition of critical energy storage materials.--In 
     this subsection, the term `critical energy storage materials' 
     includes--
       ``(A) lithium;
       ``(B) cobalt;
       ``(C) nickel;
       ``(D) graphite; and
       ``(E) any other material determined by the Secretary to be 
     critical to the continued growing supply of energy storage 
     resources.
       ``(2) Prize authority.--
       ``(A) In general.--As part of the program established under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish an award 
     program, to be known as the `Energy Storage Materials 
     Recycling Prize Competition' (referred to in this subsection 
     as the `program'), under which the Secretary shall carry out 
     prize competitions and make awards to advance the recycling 
     of critical energy storage materials.
       ``(B) Frequency.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
     Secretary shall carry out a competition under the program not 
     less frequently than once every calendar year.
       ``(3) Eligibility.--
       ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to win a prize under the 
     program, an individual or entity--
       ``(i) shall have complied with the requirements of the 
     competition as described in the announcement for that 
     competition published in the Federal Register by the 
     Secretary under paragraph (6);
       ``(ii) in the case of a private entity, shall be 
     incorporated in the United States and maintain a primary 
     place of business in the United States;
       ``(iii) in the case of an individual, whether participating 
     singly or in a group, shall be a citizen of, or an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent residence in, the United 
     States.
       ``(B) Exclusions.--The following entities and individuals 
     shall not be eligible to win a prize under the program:
       ``(i) A Federal entity.
       ``(ii) A Federal employee (including an employee of a 
     National Laboratory) acting within the scope of employment.
       ``(4) Awards.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
     shall award cash prizes, in amounts to be determined by the 
     Secretary, to each individual or entity selected through a 
     competitive process to develop advanced methods or 
     technologies to recycle critical energy storage materials 
     from energy storage systems.
       ``(5) Criteria.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish objective, 
     merit-based criteria for awarding the prizes in each 
     competition carried out under the program.
       ``(B) Requirements.--The criteria established under 
     subparagraph (A) shall prioritize advancements in methods or 
     technologies that present the greatest potential for large-
     scale commercial deployment.
       ``(C) Consultation.--In establishing criteria under 
     subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consult with 
     appropriate members of private industry involved in the 
     commercial deployment of energy storage systems.
       ``(6) Advertising and solicitation of competitors.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall announce each prize 
     competition under the program by publishing a notice in the 
     Federal Register.
       ``(B) Requirements.--Each notice published under 
     subparagraph (A) shall describe the essential elements of the 
     competition, such as--
       ``(i) the subject of the competition;
       ``(ii) the duration of the competition;
       ``(iii) the eligibility requirements for participation in 
     the competition;
       ``(iv) the process for participants to register for the 
     competition;
       ``(v) the amount of the prize; and
       ``(vi) the criteria for awarding the prize.
       ``(7) Judges.--
       ``(A) In general.--For each prize competition under the 
     program, the Secretary shall assemble a panel of qualified 
     judges to select the winner or winners of the competition on 
     the basis of the criteria established under paragraph (5).
       ``(B) Selection.--The judges for each competition shall 
     include appropriate members of private industry involved in 
     the commercial deployment of energy storage systems.
       ``(C) Conflicts.--An individual may not serve as a judge in 
     a prize competition under the program if the individual, the 
     spouse of the individual, any child of the individual, or any 
     other member of the household of the individual--
       ``(i) has a personal or financial interest in, or is an 
     employee, officer, director, or agent of, any entity that is 
     a registered participant in the prize competition for which 
     the individual will serve as a judge; or
       ``(ii) has a familial or financial relationship with a 
     registered participant in the prize competition for which the 
     individual will serve as a judge.
       ``(8) Report to congress.--Not later than 60 days after the 
     date on which the first prize is awarded under the program, 
     and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
     Congress a report that--
       ``(A) identifies each award recipient;
       ``(B) describes the advanced methods or technologies 
     developed by each award recipient; and
       ``(C) specifies actions being taken by the Department 
     toward commercial application of all methods or technologies 
     with respect to which a prize has been awarded under the 
     program.
       ``(9) Anti-deficiency act.--The Secretary shall carry out 
     the program in accordance with section 1341 of title 31, 
     United States Code (commonly referred to as the `Anti-
     Deficiency Act').
       ``(10) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
     authorized to be appropriated to

[[Page S3372]]

     carry out this subsection $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2021 through 2025, to remain available until 
     expended.''.
       (f) Regulatory Actions to Encourage Energy Storage 
     Deployment.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Federal 
     Energy Regulatory Commission.
       (B) Electric storage resource.--The term ``electric storage 
     resource'' means a resource capable of receiving electric 
     energy from the grid and storing that electric energy for 
     later injection back into the grid.
       (2) Regulatory action.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Commission shall issue a 
     regulation to identify the eligibility of, and process for, 
     electric storage resources--
       (i) to receive cost recovery through Commission-regulated 
     rates for the transmission of electric energy in interstate 
     commerce; and
       (ii) that receive cost recovery under clause (i) to receive 
     compensation for other services (such as the sale of energy, 
     capacity, or ancillary services) without regard to whether 
     those services are provided concurrently with the 
     transmission service described in clause (i).
       (B) Prohibition of duplicate recovery.--Any regulation 
     issued under subparagraph (A) shall preclude the receipt of 
     unjust and unreasonable double recovery for electric storage 
     resources providing services described in clauses (i) and 
     (ii) of that subparagraph.
       (3) Electric storage resources technical conference.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Commission shall convene a 
     technical conference on the potential for electric storage 
     resources to improve the operation of electric systems.
       (B) Requirements.--The technical conference under 
     subparagraph (A) shall--
       (i) identify opportunities for further consideration of 
     electric storage resources in regional and interregional 
     transmission planning processes within the jurisdiction of 
     the Commission;
       (ii) identify all energy, capacity, and ancillary service 
     products, market designs, or rules that--

       (I) are within the jurisdiction of the Commission; and
       (II) enable and compensate for the use of electric storage 
     resources that improve the operation of electric systems;

       (iii) examine additional products, market designs, or rules 
     that would enable and compensate for the use of electric 
     storage resources for improving the operation of electric 
     systems; and
       (iv) examine the functional value of electric storage 
     resources at the transmission and distribution system 
     interface for purposes of providing electric system 
     reliability.
       (g) Coordination.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
     Secretary shall coordinate the activities under this section 
     (including activities conducted pursuant to the amendments 
     made by this section) among the offices and employees of the 
     Department, other Federal agencies, and other relevant 
     entities--
       (1) to ensure appropriate collaboration; and
       (2) to avoid unnecessary duplication of those activities.
       (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated--
       (1) to carry out subsection (b), $100,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2021 through 2025, to remain available until 
     expended;
       (2) to carry out subsection (c), $100,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2021 through 2025, to remain available until 
     expended; and
       (3) to carry out subsection (d), $20,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2021 through 2025, to remain available until 
     expended.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1838. Mr. INHOFE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title III, add the following:

     SEC. 382. INCREASE OF AMOUNTS AVAILABLE TO MARINE CORPS FOR 
                   BASE OPERATIONS AND SUPPORT.

       (a) Increase of Base Operations and Support.--The amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for 
     operation and maintenance for the Marine Corps, is hereby 
     increased by $47,600,000, with the amount of the increase to 
     be available for base operations and support (SAG BSS1).
       (b) Offsets.--
       (1) Operation and maintenance.--The amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for operation and 
     maintenance for the Marine Corps, is hereby reduced by 
     $4,700,000, with the amount of the reduction to be derived 
     from SAG 1A1A.
       (2) Modification kit procurement.--The amount authorized to 
     be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for procurement for the 
     Marine Corps, is hereby reduced by $3,100,000, with the 
     amount of the reduction to be derived from Line 7, 
     Modification Kits.
       (3) Direct support munition procurement.--The amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for 
     procurement and ammunition for the Marine Corps, is hereby 
     reduced by $39,800,000, with the amount of the reduction to 
     be derived from Line 17, Direct Support Munitions.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1839. Mr. INHOFE (for himself and Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. MODERNIZATION OF CONGRESSIONAL REPORTS PROCESS.

       (a) Increase in O&M, Defense-wide Activities.--The amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 by section 
     301 is hereby increased by $2,000,000, with the amount of the 
     increase to be available for operation and maintenance, 
     Defense-wide activities, for SAG 4GTN Office of the Secretary 
     of Defense for modernization of the congressional reports 
     process.
       (b) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated for 
     fiscal year 2021 by section 301 is hereby decreased by 
     $2,000,000, with the amount of the decrease to be applied 
     against amounts available for operation and maintenance, 
     Army, for SAG 421 for Servicewide Transportation for 
     historical underexecution.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1840. Mr. INHOFE (for himself and Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VIII, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. __. WAIVERS OF CERTAIN CONDITIONS FOR PROGRESS PAYMENTS 
                   UNDER CERTAIN CONTRACTS DURING THE COVID-19 
                   NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

       During the national emergency declared under the National 
     Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with respect to the 
     coronavirus disease 2019 (commonly referred to as ``COVID-
     19''), the Secretary of Defense may waive section 2307(e)(2) 
     of title 10, United States Code, with respect to progress 
     payments for any undefinitized contract.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1841. Mr. INHOFE (for himself and Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike section 723.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1842. Mr. INHOFE (for himself and Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike section 3159.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1843. Mr. INHOFE (for himself and Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       In section 602, strike subsection (e).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1844. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:


[[Page S3373]]


  

       At the title appropriate place in title X, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. __. TRANSFER OF MARE ISLAND NAVAL CEMETERY TO SECRETARY 
                   OF VETERANS AFFAIRS FOR MAINTENANCE BY NATIONAL 
                   CEMETERY ADMINISTRATION.

       (a) Agreement.--Beginning on the date that is 180 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
     submits the report required by subsection (c)(1), the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall seek to enter into an 
     agreement with the city of Vallejo, California, under which 
     the city of Vallejo shall transfer to the Secretary all 
     right, title, and interest in the Mare Island Naval Cemetery 
     in Vallejo, California, at no cost to the Secretary. The 
     Secretary shall seek to enter into such agreement before the 
     date that is one year after the date on which such report is 
     submitted.
       (b) Maintenance by National Cemetery Administration.--If 
     the Mare Island Naval Cemetery is transferred to the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs pursuant to subsection (a), the 
     National Cemetery Administration shall maintain the cemetery 
     as a national shrine.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
     shall submit to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives a report on the feasibility and advisability 
     of exercising the authority granted by subsection (a).
       (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     exercising the authority granted by subsection (a).
       (B) An estimate of the costs, including both direct and 
     indirect costs, that the Department of Veterans Affairs would 
     incur by exercising such authority.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1845. Mr. VAN HOLLEN (for himself and Mr. Rubio) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

        DIVISION __--DETERRING FOREIGN INTERFERENCE IN ELECTIONS

     SEC. __01. SHORT TITLE.

       This division may be cited as the ``Defending Elections 
     from Threats by Establishing Redlines Act of 2020''.

     SEC. __02. DEFINITIONS.

       In this division:
       (1) Account; correspondent account; payable-through 
     account.--The terms ``account'', ``correspondent account'', 
     and ``payable-through account'' have the meanings given those 
     terms in section 5318A of title 31, United States Code.
       (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
     the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Finance, 
     the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
     Rules and Administration of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Ways and Means, the 
     Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee 
     on House Administration of the House of Representatives.
       (3) Appropriate congressional committees and leadership.--
     The term ``appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership'' means--
       (A) the appropriate congressional committees;
       (B) the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate; 
     and
       (C) the Speaker, the majority leader, and the minority 
     leader of the House of Representatives.
       (4) Election and campaign infrastructure.--The term 
     ``election and campaign infrastructure'' means information 
     and communications technology and systems used by or on 
     behalf of--
       (A) the Federal Government or a State or local government 
     in managing the election process, including voter 
     registration databases, voting machines, voting tabulation 
     equipment, equipment for the secure transmission of election 
     results, and other systems; or
       (B) a principal campaign committee or national committee 
     (as those terms are defined in section 301 of the Federal 
     Election Campaign Act of 1971 (52 U.S.C. 30101)) with respect 
     to strategy or tactics affecting the conduct of a political 
     campaign, including electronic communications, and the 
     information stored on, processed by, or transiting such 
     technology and systems.
       (5) Federal election cycle.--The term ``Federal election 
     cycle'' means the period beginning on the day after the date 
     of the most recent election for members of the House of 
     Representatives and ending on the date of the next election 
     for members of the House of Representatives.
       (6) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' means a 
     person that is not a United States person.
       (7) Good.--The term ``good'' means any article, natural or 
     manmade substance, material, supply or manufactured product, 
     including inspection and test equipment, and excluding 
     technical data.
       (8) Interference in united states elections.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     the term ``interference'', with respect to a United States 
     election, means any of the following actions of the 
     government of a foreign country, or any person acting as an 
     agent of or on behalf of such a government, undertaken with 
     the intent to influence the election:
       (i) Obtaining unauthorized access to election and campaign 
     infrastructure or related systems or data and releasing such 
     data or modifying such infrastructure, systems, or data.
       (ii) Unlawfully blocking or degrading otherwise legitimate 
     and authorized access to election and campaign infrastructure 
     or related systems or data.
       (iii) Significant unlawful contributions or expenditures 
     for advertising, including on the internet.
       (iv) Using social, other internet-based, or traditional 
     media to spread information to individuals in the United 
     States without disclosing that such information is being 
     disseminated by a foreign government or a foreign person 
     acting on behalf of a foreign government.
       (B) Exceptions.--
       (i) Exception for publicly identified statements.--The term 
     ``interference'', with respect to a United States election, 
     does not include--

       (I) any public statement by a foreign leader, official, or 
     government agency with respect to a candidate for office, 
     official of the United States Government, or policy of the 
     United States, if it is clear that the statement is made by 
     that foreign leader, government official, or government 
     agency and no effort has been made to conceal the individual 
     or entity making the statement; or
       (II) any other statement if a foreign government is readily 
     and publicly identifiable as the source of the statement.

       (ii) Exception for foreign government broadcasts.--The term 
     ``interference'', with respect to a United States election, 
     does not include the broadcast of views of a foreign 
     government through broadcast channels owned or controlled by 
     that government, if that ownership or control is readily and 
     publicly identifiable.
       (9) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'', with respect to 
     conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has 
     actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the 
     circumstance, or the result.
       (10) Person.--The term ``person'' means individual or 
     entity.
       (11) United states election.--The term ``United States 
     election'' means any United States Federal election.
       (12) United states person.--The term ``United States 
     person'' means--
       (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted 
     for permanent residence to the United States; or
       (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States 
     or of any jurisdiction within the United States, including a 
     foreign branch of such an entity.

   TITLE __--DETERMINATION OF FOREIGN INTERFERENCE IN UNITED STATES 
                               ELECTIONS

     SEC. __11. DETERMINATION OF FOREIGN INTERFERENCE IN UNITED 
                   STATES ELECTIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after a United 
     States election, the Director of National Intelligence, in 
     consultation with the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
     Investigation, the Director of the National Security Agency, 
     the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the 
     Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the 
     Attorney General, and the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
     shall--
       (1) determine with a high level of confidence whether or 
     not the government of a foreign country, or any foreign 
     person acting as an agent of or on behalf of that government, 
     knowingly engaged in interference in the election; and
       (2) submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership a report on that determination, including, if the 
     Director determines that interference did occur--
       (A) an identification of the government or foreign person 
     that engaged in such interference; and
       (B) if the Government of the Russian Federation, or any 
     foreign person acting as an agent of or on behalf of that 
     Government, engaged in such interference, a list of any 
     senior foreign political figures or oligarchs in the Russian 
     Federation identified under section 241(a)(1)(A) of the 
     Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 
     2017 (title II of Public Law 115-44; 131 Stat. 922) who 
     directly or indirectly contributed to such interference.
       (b) Additional Reporting.--If the Director of National 
     Intelligence determines and reports under subsection (a) that 
     neither the government of a foreign country nor any foreign 
     person acting as an agent of or on behalf of that government 
     knowingly engaged in interference in a United States 
     election, and the Director subsequently determines that that 
     government, or such a foreign person, did engage in such 
     interference, the Director shall, not later than 60 days 
     after

[[Page S3374]]

     making that determination, submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees and leadership--
       (1) a report on the subsequent determination; and
       (2) if the Director determines that the Government of the 
     Russian Federation, or any foreign person acting as an agent 
     of or on behalf of that Government, engaged in such 
     interference, a list of any senior foreign political figures 
     or oligarchs in the Russian Federation identified under 
     section 241(a)(1)(A) of the Countering Russian Influence in 
     Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017 (title II of Public Law 115-
     44; 131 Stat. 922) who directly or indirectly contributed to 
     such interference.
       (c) Form of Report.--Each report required by subsection (a) 
     or (b) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may 
     include a classified annex.

     SEC. __12. UPDATED REPORT ON OLIGARCHS AND PARASTATAL 
                   ENTITIES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

       Section 241 of the Countering America's Adversaries Through 
     Sanctions Act (Public Law 115-44; 131 Stat. 922) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively;
       (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
       ``(b) Updated Report.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of the Defending Elections from Threats 
     by Establishing Redlines Act of 2020, and annually 
     thereafter, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation 
     with the Director of National Intelligence and the Secretary 
     of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees an updated report on oligarchs and parastatal 
     entities of the Russian Federation that builds on the report 
     submitted under subsection (a) on January 29, 2018, and that 
     includes the matters described in paragraphs (1) through (5) 
     of subsection (a).''; and
       (3) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
     striking ``The report required under subsection (a)'' and 
     inserting ``The reports required by subsections (a) and 
     (b)''.

  TITLE ___--DETERRING INTERFERENCE IN UNITED STATES ELECTIONS BY THE 
                           RUSSIAN FEDERATION

     SEC. __21. REPORT ON ESTIMATED NET WORTH OF PRESIDENT 
                   VLADIMIR PUTIN AND OTHER SENIOR FOREIGN 
                   POLITICAL FIGURES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than 
     biannually thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a report that contains--
       (1) the estimated total net worth of each individual 
     described in subsection (b); and
       (2) a description of how the funds of each such individual 
     were acquired and how such funds have been used or employed.
       (b) Individuals Described.--The individuals described in 
     this subsection are the following:
       (1) President Vladimir Putin.
       (2) Any other senior foreign political figure of the 
     Russian Federation identified in the report under subsection 
     (a)(1)(A) of section 241 of the Countering Russian Influence 
     in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017 (title II of Public Law 
     115-44; 131 Stat. 922), or any update to that report under 
     subsection (b) of such section, as added by [section __12].
       (c) Form of Report; Public Availability.--
       (1) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
     classified annex.
       (2) Public availability.--The unclassified portion of the 
     report required under subsection (a) shall be made available 
     to the public in precompressed, easily downloadable versions 
     that are made available in all appropriate formats.
       (d) Sources of Information.--In preparing the report 
     required under subsection (a), the President may use any 
     credible publication, database, or web-based resource, and 
     any credible information compiled by any government agency, 
     nongovernmental organization, or other entity provided to or 
     made available to the President.
       (e) Funds Defined.--In this section, the term ``funds'' 
     means--
       (1) cash;
       (2) equity;
       (3) any other intangible asset the value of which is 
     derived from a contractual claim, including bank deposits, 
     bonds, stocks, a security (as defined in section 2(a) of the 
     Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77b(a))), or a security or 
     an equity security (as those terms are defined in section 
     3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 
     78c(a))); and
       (4) anything else of value that the Secretary of the 
     Treasury determines to be appropriate.

     SEC. __22. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS.

       (a) In General.--If the Director of National Intelligence 
     determines under [section __11] that the Government of the 
     Russian Federation, or any foreign person acting as an agent 
     of or on behalf of that Government, knowingly engaged in 
     interference in a United States election, the President 
     shall, not later than 30 days after such determination is 
     made, impose the following sanctions:
       (1) Blocking the assets of certain state-owned russian 
     financial institutions and restricting accounts.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall impose 
     one or more of the following sanctions on 2 or more entities 
     specified in subparagraph (B):
       (i) Pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers 
     Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), blocking and prohibiting all 
     transactions in all property and interests in property of the 
     entity if such property and interests in property are in the 
     United States, come within the United States, or are or come 
     within the possession or control of a United States person.
       (ii) Prohibiting, or imposing strict conditions on, the 
     opening or maintaining in the United States of a 
     correspondent account or payable-through account by the 
     entity.
       (B) Entities specified.--The entities specified in this 
     subparagraph are the following:
       (i) Sberbank.
       (ii) VTB Bank.
       (iii) Gazprombank.
       (iv) Vnesheconombank.
       (v) Rosselkhozbank.
       (2) Prohibition on new investments in energy sector of 
     russia.--
       (A) Prohibition.--The President shall prohibit any new 
     investment made in the United States or by a United States 
     person in the energy sector of the Russian Federation or an 
     energy company of the Russian Federation.
       (B) Sanctions.--The President shall, pursuant to the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 
     et seq.), block and prohibit all transactions in all property 
     and interests in property of any foreign person that makes a 
     new investment in the energy sector of the Russian Federation 
     or an energy company of the Russian Federation if such 
     property and interests in property are in the United States, 
     come within the United States, or are or come within the 
     possession or control of a United States person.
       (C) New investment defined.--Not later than 60 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall 
     prescribe regulations to define, for purposes of this 
     paragraph, the term ``new investment'' in a manner that--
       (i) includes significant upgrades or expansions to projects 
     and construction underway as of the date of the enactment of 
     this Act; and
       (ii) does not include routine maintenance of such projects 
     and construction.
       (3) Blocking the assets of entities in russian defense and 
     intelligence sectors.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall, 
     pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), block and prohibit all transactions 
     in all property and interests in property of any entity 
     described in subparagraph (B) if such property and interests 
     in property are in the United States, come within the United 
     States, or are or come within the possession or control of a 
     United States person.
       (B) Entities described.--An entity described in this 
     subparagraph is--
       (i) an entity that the President determines pursuant to 
     section 231 of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and 
     Eurasia Act of 2017 (22 U.S.C. 9525) is part of, or operates 
     for or on behalf of, the defense or intelligence sectors of 
     the Government of the Russian Federation; or
       (ii) an entity in which an entity described in clause (i) 
     has an ownership interest of 50 percent or more.
       (4) Prohibition on transactions involving certain russian 
     debt.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall, pursuant to such 
     regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, prohibit all 
     transactions within the United States or by a United States 
     person, in--
       (A) sovereign debt of the Government of the Russian 
     Federation issued on or after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, including governmental bonds; and
       (B) debt of any entity owned or controlled by the Russian 
     Federation issued on or after such date of enactment, 
     including bonds.
       (5) Blocking the assets of senior political figures and 
     oligarchs and exclusion from the united states.--
       (A) In general.--The President shall impose with respect to 
     any senior foreign political figure or oligarch in the 
     Russian Federation identified under subsection (a)(2)(B) or 
     (b)(2) of [section __11] the following sanctions:
       (i) Pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers 
     Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), the President shall block and 
     prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in 
     property of the individual if such property and interests in 
     property are in the United States, come within the United 
     States, or are or come within the possession or control of a 
     United States person.
       (ii) The President shall deny a visa to, and exclude from 
     the United States, the individual, and revoke in accordance 
     with section 221(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1201(i)) any visa or other documentation of the 
     individual.
       (B) Public availability of information.--Information about 
     the denial or revocation of a visa or other documentation 
     under subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be made available to the 
     public.
       (b) Report to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
     President shall submit to the committees specified in 
     paragraph (2) a report identifying the 5 largest financial 
     institutions owned or controlled by the Government of the 
     Russian Federation, determined by estimated net assets.
       (2) Committees specified.--The committees specified in this 
     paragraph are--

[[Page S3375]]

       (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 
     and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Financial Services and the Committee 
     on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (c) Exceptions.--
       (1) Importation of goods.--The requirement to impose 
     sanctions under subsection (a) shall not include the 
     authority to impose sanctions with respect to the importation 
     of goods.
       (2) Compliance with united nations headquarters 
     agreement.--Subsection (a)(5)(A)(ii) shall not apply with 
     respect to the admission of an alien to the United States if 
     such admission is necessary to comply with United States 
     obligations under the Agreement between the United Nations 
     and the United States of America regarding the Headquarters 
     of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, 
     and entered into force November 21, 1947, under the 
     Convention on Consular Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 
     1963, and entered into force March 19, 1967, or under other 
     international agreements.
       (3) Activities of nasa.--The requirement to impose 
     sanctions under subsection (a) shall not apply with respect 
     to activities of the National Aeronautics and Space 
     Administration.
       (d) Implementation; Penalties.--
       (1) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
     authorities provided under sections 203 and 205 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 
     and 1704) to carry out this section.
       (2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to 
     violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of this 
     section or any regulation, license, or order issued to carry 
     out this section shall be subject to the penalties set forth 
     in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) 
     to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
     described in subsection (a) of that section.
       (e) Extension of Period To Allow Cessation of Prohibited 
     Business.--The President may extend the 30-day period 
     specified in subsection (a), except with respect to sanctions 
     under paragraph (5) of that subsection, for an additional 
     period not to exceed 180 days if the President certifies to 
     the appropriate congressional committees that the extension--
       (1) is in the national security interest of the United 
     States; and
       (2) is necessary to enable non-Russian persons impacted by 
     sanctions under subsection (a) to wind down business 
     prohibited as a result of those sanctions.
       (f) National Security Waiver.--The President may waive the 
     application of sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to 
     a person, except sanctions under paragraph (5) of that 
     subsection, if the President submits to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a determination in writing that--
       (1) the waiver is in the vital national security interest 
     of the United States; and
       (2) failing to use the waiver will cause significant 
     adverse harm to the vital national security interests of the 
     United States.
       (g) Suspension.--
       (1) In general.--The President may suspend sanctions 
     imposed under subsection (a) on or after the date on which 
     the Director of National Intelligence, in consultation with 
     the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the 
     Director of the National Security Agency, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency, the Secretary of State, the 
     Secretary of the Treasury, and the Attorney General, submits 
     to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a 
     certification that the Government of the Russian Federation 
     has not engaged in interference in United States elections 
     for at least one Federal election cycle.
       (2) Reimposition.--
       (A) Reports required.--Not later than 90 days after a 
     suspension of sanctions under paragraph (1) takes effect, and 
     every 90 days thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees and leadership a report 
     on whether the Government of the Russian Federation is taking 
     measures to--
       (i) improve the oversight of and prosecutions relating to 
     interference in United States elections; and
       (ii) credibly demonstrate a significant change in behavior 
     and credibly commit to not engaging in such interference in 
     the future.
       (B) Reimposition.--If the President determines under 
     subparagraph (A) that the Government of the Russian 
     Federation is not taking measures described in that 
     subparagraph, the President shall reimpose the sanctions 
     suspended under paragraph (1).
       (h) Termination.--The President may terminate sanctions 
     imposed under subsection (a) on or after the date on which 
     the Director of National Intelligence, in consultation with 
     the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the 
     Director of the National Security Agency, the Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency, the Secretary of State, the 
     Secretary of the Treasury, and the Attorney General, submits 
     to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a 
     certification that--
       (1) the Government of the Russian Federation has not 
     engaged in interference in United States elections for at 
     least 2 Federal election cycles; and
       (2) the President has received credible commitments from 
     the Government of the Russian Federation that that Government 
     will not engage in such interference in the future.

     SEC. __23. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW OF WAIVER, SUSPENSION, AND 
                   TERMINATION OF SANCTIONS.

       Section 216(a)(2) of the Countering America's Adversaries 
     Through Sanctions Act (22 U.S.C. 9511(a)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)(i), by inserting ``or suspend the 
     application of sanctions described in subparagraph 
     (B)(i)(IV)'' after ``subparagraph (B)''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (B)(i)--
       (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) in subclause (III), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
     ``; or''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(IV) [section __23] of the Defending Elections from 
     Threats by Establishing Redlines Act of 2020; and''.

     SEC. __24. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON STRATEGY ON COORDINATION WITH 
                   EUROPEAN UNION.

       It is the sense of Congress that, not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
     should submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership a strategy on how the United States will--
       (1) work in concert with the European Union and member 
     countries of the European Union to deter interference by the 
     Government of the Russian Federation in elections; and
       (2) coordinate with the European Union and member countries 
     of the European Union to enact legislation similar to this 
     Act.

 TITLE ___--DETERRING INTERFERENCE IN UNITED STATES ELECTIONS BY OTHER 
                          FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS

     SEC. __31. BRIEFING ON INTERFERENCE IN UNITED STATES 
                   ELECTIONS.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the President, or a 
     designee of the President, shall brief the appropriate 
     congressional committees and leadership on any government of 
     a foreign country, or person acting as an agent of or on 
     behalf of that government, that is determined by the 
     President to have engaged in or to be likely to engage in 
     interference in a United States election.

     SEC. __32. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON DETERRENCE STRATEGIES FOR 
                   INTERFERENCE IN UNITED STATES ELECTIONS BY 
                   FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS OF CONCERN.

       It is the sense of Congress that, not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
     should submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
     leadership a report that includes--
       (1) a strategy of the President to deter interference in a 
     United States election by the Government of the People's 
     Republic of China, the Government of the Democratic People's 
     Republic of Korea, the Government of the Islamic Republic of 
     Iran, and any other foreign government determined by the 
     President to have engaged in or to be likely to engage in 
     interference in a United States election, including any 
     person acting as an agent of or on behalf of such a 
     government;
       (2) proposed sanctions if that government engages in such 
     interference and any authorities the President may require 
     from Congress to impose such sanctions;
       (3) other actions undertaken by Federal agencies or in 
     cooperation with other countries to deter such interference; 
     and
       (4) a plan for communicating such deterrence actions to 
     those governments.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1846. Mr. VAN HOLLEN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of subtitle A of title XXVIII, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. 2806. INCREASED AUTHORITY FOR LABORATORY REVITALIZATION 
                   PROJECTS.

       Section 2805(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``$6,000,000'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``$10,000,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1847. Mr. VAN HOLLEN (for himself and Mr. Sasse) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title XII, insert the 
     following:

[[Page S3376]]

  


     SEC. 12__. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THEFT OF 
                   TRADE SECRETS OF UNITED STATES PERSONS.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than every 
     180 days thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a report--
       (A) identifying, for the 180-day period preceding 
     submission of the report--
       (i) any foreign person that has engaged in, or benefitted 
     from, significant and serial theft of trade secrets of United 
     States persons, if the theft of such trade secrets is 
     reasonably likely to result in, or has materially contributed 
     to, a significant threat to the national security, foreign 
     policy, or economic health or financial stability of the 
     United States;
       (ii) any foreign person that has materially assisted or 
     sponsored such theft;
       (iii) any foreign person that has provided financial, 
     material, or technological support for, or goods or services 
     in support of or to benefit from, such theft;
       (iv) any entity owned or controlled by, or that has acted 
     or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or 
     indirectly, any foreign person identified under clause (i), 
     (ii), or (iii); and
       (v) any chief executive officer or member of the board of 
     directors of any foreign entity identified under clause (i), 
     (ii), or (iii); and
       (B) describing the nature, objective, and outcome of the 
     theft of trade secrets each foreign person described in 
     subparagraph (A)(i) engaged in or benefitted from; and
       (C) assessing whether any chief executive officer or member 
     of the board of directors described in clause (v) of 
     subparagraph (A) engaged in, or benefitted from, activity 
     described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of that subparagraph.
       (2) Exception.--The President is not required to include in 
     a report required by paragraph (1) the name of any foreign 
     person that is the subject of an active United States law 
     enforcement investigation.
       (3) Form of report.--Each report required by paragraph (1) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (b) Authority to Impose Sanctions.--
       (1) Sanctions applicable to entities.--In the case of a 
     foreign entity identified under subparagraph (A) of 
     subsection (a)(1) in the most recent report submitted under 
     that subsection, the President shall impose one of the 
     following:
       (A) Blocking of property.--The President may, pursuant to 
     the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
     1701 et seq.), block and prohibit all transactions in all 
     property and interests in property of the entity if such 
     property and interests in property are in the United States, 
     come within the United States, or are or come within the 
     possession or control of a United States person.
       (B) Inclusion on denied persons list.--The President may 
     include the entity on the Denied Persons List maintained by 
     the Bureau of Industry and Security of the Department of 
     Commerce pursuant to section 764.3(a)(2) of the Export 
     Administration Regulations.
       (2) Sanctions applicable to individuals.--In the case of an 
     individual identified under subparagraph (A) of subsection 
     (a)(1) in the most recent report submitted under that 
     subsection, the following shall apply:
       (A) Blocking of property.--The President shall, pursuant to 
     the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
     1701 et seq.), block and prohibit all transactions in all 
     property and interests in property of the individual if such 
     property and interests in property are in the United States, 
     come within the United States, or are or come within the 
     possession or control of a United States person.
       (B) Visa ban; exclusion.--The Secretary of State shall deny 
     a visa to the individual and revoke, in accordance with 
     section 221(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1201(i)), any visa or other documentation of the 
     individual, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
     exclude the individual from the United States.
       (c) Exceptions.--
       (1) Intelligence activities.--This section shall not apply 
     with respect to activities subject to the reporting 
     requirements under title V of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et seq.) or any authorized intelligence 
     activities of the United States.
       (2) Exception relating to importation of goods.--
       (A) In general.--The authority to impose sanctions under 
     paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of subsection (b) shall not 
     include the authority or a requirement to impose sanctions on 
     the importation of goods.
       (B) Good defined.--In this paragraph, the term ``good'' 
     means any article, natural or manmade substance, material, 
     supply, or manufactured product, including inspection and 
     test equipment, and excluding technical data.
       (3) Exception to comply with international agreements.--
     Subsection (b)(2)(B) shall not apply with respect to the 
     admission of an individual to the United States if such 
     admission is necessary to comply with the obligations of the 
     United States under the Agreement regarding the Headquarters 
     of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, 
     and entered into force November 21, 1947, between the United 
     Nations and the United States, under the Convention on 
     Consular Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and 
     entered into force March 19, 1967, or under other 
     international agreements.
       (d) National Security Waiver.--The President may waive the 
     imposition of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to 
     a person if the President--
       (1) determines that such a waiver is in the national 
     security interests of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     notification of the waiver and the reasons for the waiver.
       (e) Termination of Sanctions.--Sanctions imposed under 
     subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person identified in 
     a report submitted under subsection (a) shall terminate if 
     the President certifies to the appropriate congressional 
     committees that the person is no longer engaged in the 
     activity identified in the report.
       (f) Implementation; Penalties.--
       (1) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
     authorities provided under sections 203 and 205 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 
     and 1704) to carry out this section.
       (2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to 
     violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of 
     paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of subsection (b) or any 
     regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that 
     paragraph shall be subject to the penalties set forth in 
     subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International 
     Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to the same 
     extent as a person that commits an unlawful act described in 
     subsection (a) of that section.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 
     and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Financial Services and the Committee 
     on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Export administration regulations.--The term ``Export 
     Administration Regulations'' means subchapter C of chapter 
     VII of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations.
       (3) Foreign entity.--The term ``foreign entity'' means an 
     entity that is not a United States person.
       (4) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' means a 
     person that is not a United States person.
       (5) Trade secret.--The term ``trade secret'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 1839 of title 18, United 
     States Code.
       (6) Person.--The term ``person'' means an individual or 
     entity.
       (7) United states person.--The term ``United States 
     person'' means--
       (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted 
     for permanent residence to the United States; or
       (B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States 
     or of any jurisdiction within the United States, including a 
     foreign branch of such an entity.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1848. Mr. VAN HOLLEN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the appropriate place in title XVI, add the following:

         Subtitle __--Limitations on Explosive Nuclear Testing

     SEC. __01. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) it is in the national security interest of the United 
     States to continue to observe the national moratorium on 
     explosive nuclear testing;
       (2) maintaining the national moratorium on nuclear testing 
     advances United States nonproliferation and arms control 
     objectives and bolsters efforts to constrain the nuclear 
     arsenals of adversaries;
       (3) the United States should pursue the entry into force of 
     the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty as a means of 
     enabling use of the treaty's on-site inspection measures and 
     resolving compliance concerns related to the nuclear testing 
     moratoria commitments of other countries; and
       (4) the United States should continue to improve and invest 
     in the Stockpile Stewardship Program to ensure the safety, 
     security, and reliability of the United States stockpile in 
     the absence of nuclear testing.

     SEC. __02. DEFINITIONS.

       In this subtitle:
       (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and 
     the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     House of Representatives.
       (2) National security laboratory.--The term ``national 
     security laboratory'' has the

[[Page S3377]]

     meaning given that term in section 4002 of the Atomic Energy 
     Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2501).
       (3) Stockpile stewardship program.--The term ``Stockpile 
     Stewardship Program'' means the program established under 
     section 4201 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 
     2521).

     SEC. __03. LIMITATIONS ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONDUCT A NUCLEAR 
                   TEST.

       (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available by 
     this Act for fiscal year 2021, or authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available by any other Act for 
     fiscal year 2021 or any fiscal year thereafter, for the 
     Department of Energy may be obligated or expended to conduct 
     an underground or other explosive nuclear test that produces 
     a yield unless all of the conditions described in subsection 
     (b) are met.
       (b) Conditions.--The conditions described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) Report on proposed nuclear test by national nuclear 
     security administration.--Not less than 12 months before the 
     date on which a nuclear test described in subsection (a) is 
     proposed to be conducted, the Administrator for Nuclear 
     Security, with the concurrence of the directors of the 
     national security laboratories and in consultation with the 
     Commander of the United States Strategic Command, shall 
     submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
     on the proposed test that includes the following:
       (A) The date on which the President proposes to conduct the 
     test.
       (B) The location of the test site.
       (C) An estimate of the costs of conducting the test and any 
     subsequent activities related to the test.
       (D) A description of how resumption of nuclear testing 
     would impact the schedule and cost of the nuclear weapons 
     stockpile stewardship, management, and responsiveness plan of 
     the National Nuclear Security Administration under section 
     4203 of the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2523).
       (E) An assessment of the desired technical and nuclear 
     weapons design data that conducting the test would generate.
       (F) A discussion of why the science-based tools and methods 
     and any other capabilities under the Stockpile Stewardship 
     Program are insufficient for generating the data described in 
     subparagraph (E).
       (G) An assessment of the anticipated yield of the nuclear 
     test.
       (H) An assessment of the status of the infrastructure and 
     diagnostics instrumentation required for conducting the test.
       (I) An assessment of the status of the workforce skills and 
     capabilities that are required for conducting the test.
       (2) Environmental impact statement by national nuclear 
     security administration.--Not less than 12 months before the 
     date on which a nuclear test described in subsection (a) is 
     proposed to be conducted, the Administrator for Nuclear 
     Security shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees an environmental impact statement under section 
     102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
     U.S.C. 4332) with respect to conducting the test.
       (3) Certification of public health impacts by department of 
     health and human services.--Not less than 12 months before 
     the date on which a nuclear test described in subsection (a) 
     is proposed to be conducted, the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a certification that conducting the test will have 
     no short-term and long-term public health impacts.
       (4) Analysis by defense nuclear facilities safety board.--
       (A) Independent analysis.--
       (i) In general.--Not less than 12 months before the date on 
     which a nuclear test described in subsection (a) is proposed 
     to be conducted, the Chairman of the Defense Nuclear 
     Facilities Safety Board shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees an independent analysis, conducted 
     by the Board in accordance with the mission of the Board 
     under section 312 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 
     2286a), of the safety and public health impacts of conducting 
     the test at the Nevada Nuclear Security Site or another 
     location, including with respect to the health and safety of 
     the employees and contractors.
       (ii) Recommendations.--The independent analysis required by 
     clause (i) shall include recommendations on specific measures 
     that should be adopted to ensure that public health and 
     safety are adequately protected.
       (iii) Authority of defense nuclear facilities safety 
     board.--For purposes of this subparagraph, the Nevada Nuclear 
     Security Site, or any other location selected to conduct a 
     nuclear test, shall be treated as a Department of Energy 
     defense nuclear facility (as defined in section 318 of the 
     Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2286g)) under the 
     regulatory authority of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety 
     Board.
       (B) Public hearing.--
       (i) In general.--Not later than 120 days after Congress 
     receives all of the documents required by paragraphs (1) 
     through (4), the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board and 
     the National Nuclear Security Administration shall convene 
     joint public hearings for localities in proximity of the test 
     site with respect to such certifications and reports.
       (ii) Authority.--The meetings required by clause (i) shall 
     be conducted, in the case of the Board, under the authority 
     provided by section 313 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 
     U.S.C. 2286b).
       (5) National intelligence estimate.--
       (A) In general.--Not less than 12 months before the date on 
     which a nuclear test described in subsection (a) is proposed 
     to be conducted, the Director of National Intelligence shall 
     submit to the appropriate congressional committees a National 
     Intelligence Estimate on the nuclear testing capabilities and 
     intentions of other countries with nuclear weapons, 
     consisting of--
       (i) an unclassified executive summary and judgments; and
       (ii) a more detailed, classified report.
       (B) Elements.--The National Intelligence Estimate required 
     by subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the respective nuclear testing 
     capacities of other countries with nuclear weapons, including 
     test readiness.
       (ii) An assessment of whether the resumption of nuclear 
     testing by the United States would prompt any of such 
     countries to conduct nuclear tests.
       (iii) An assessment of the technical and nuclear weapons 
     design enhancements that such countries would gain by 
     conducting nuclear tests.
       (iv) An assessment of whether the resumption of nuclear 
     testing by the United States would prompt any country seeking 
     to develop a nuclear weapon to conduct an explosive nuclear 
     test.
       (v) An assessment of how the resumption of nuclear testing 
     by the United States would affect efforts to constrain the 
     nuclear arsenals of adversaries of the United States.
       (vi) A description of the nuclear detonation detection 
     benefits provided by the International Monitoring System and 
     International Data Center of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-
     Ban Treaty Organization.
       (vii) An assessment of what specific capabilities the 
     United States Government would have to develop and deploy to 
     ensure that no loss of collection capability would occur in 
     the event the United States lost access to data of the 
     International Monitoring System.
       (6) Report on foreign policy implications by department of 
     state.--Not less than 12 months before the date on which a 
     nuclear test described in subsection (a) is proposed to be 
     conducted, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a report on the likely 
     foreign policy implications and potential impacts to United 
     States diplomatic relations of conducting the test that 
     includes the following:
       (A) A determination with respect to whether the test is 
     consistent with the international legal obligations of the 
     United States.
       (B) An assessment of the likely reactions of other 
     countries with nuclear weapons, the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization (NATO) and NATO member countries, and allies of 
     the United States.
       (C) A description of the expected impacts relating to--
       (i) the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 
     done at Washington, London, and Moscow July 1, 1968 (21 UST 
     483) (commonly referred to as the ``Nuclear Non-Proliferation 
     Treaty''); and
       (ii) key nonproliferation and arms control objectives of 
     the United States.
       (D) A description of the anticipated impact on the 
     international political and financial support for the 
     Preparatory Commission and the International Monitoring 
     System of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty 
     Organization.
       (7) Certification that test is in national security 
     interests of united states.--Not less than 12 months before 
     the date on which a nuclear test described in subsection (a) 
     is proposed to be conducted, the President, the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Energy 
     (with the concurrence of the Administrator for Nuclear 
     Security), shall each submit to Congress a certification that 
     conducting the test is in the national security interest of 
     the United States.
       (8) Certification related to safety, security, and 
     reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile.--Not less than 
     12 months before the date on which a nuclear test described 
     in subsection (a) is proposed to be conducted, the directors 
     of the national security laboratories and the Commander of 
     the United States Strategic Command shall each submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a certification that the 
     test is required to certify the safety, security, and 
     reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile of the United 
     States.
       (9) Briefings on certifications.--Not later than 90 days 
     after submitting a document required under any of paragraphs 
     (1) through (8), the official responsible for submitting that 
     document shall provide a briefing to the appropriate 
     congressional committees on the document.
       (10) Enactment of joint resolution of approval.--Not later 
     than 120 days after Congress receives all of the documents 
     required under paragraphs (1) through (8), there is enacted 
     into law a joint resolution that approves the conduct by the 
     United States of a nuclear test described under subsection 
     (a).
       (c) Form of Reports and Certifications.--Each report and 
     certification required by this section shall be submitted in 
     unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
       (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to limit activities under the Stockpile Stewardship

[[Page S3378]]

     Program or any activities authorized under section 4203 of 
     the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2523) that are 
     consistent with the zero-yield standard.

     SEC. __04. REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFIC AUTHORIZATION AND 
                   APPROPRIATION.

       (a) In General.--Any funds needed to conduct or make 
     preparations for a nuclear test that produces a yield must be 
     specifically authorized by an Act of Congress and 
     appropriated for that purpose.
       (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to limit activities under the Stockpile Stewardship 
     Program or any activities authorized under section 4203 of 
     the Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2523) that are 
     consistent with the zero-yield standard.

     SEC. __05. REPORT ON ANY FOREIGN COUNTRY NUCLEAR TEST.

       (a) In General.--If a nuclear test that produces a yield is 
     conducted by a foreign country after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence, 
     with the concurrence of the Secretary of Energy and the 
     Secretary of the Air Force, shall, as soon as practicable 
     after the date of the test, submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a report on the test that includes 
     the following:
       (1) A description of the date, geographic location, and 
     yield of the test.
       (2) A description of the data collected from the 
     International Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear-
     Test-Ban Treaty Organization related to the test.
       (3) An assessment of the technical and nuclear weapons 
     design data generated by the test.
       (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and 
     the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     House of Representatives.

     SEC. __06. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO DISABLE, 
                   DECOMMISSION, OR DISMANTLE INTERNATIONAL 
                   MONITORING SYSTEM STATIONS.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
     otherwise made available by this Act for fiscal year 2021, or 
     authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available by 
     any other Act for fiscal year 2021 or any fiscal year 
     thereafter, for the Department of Defense may be obligated or 
     expended to disable, decommission, dismantle, or undertake 
     any activity that would in any way impede the transmission of 
     monitoring data from facilities of the International 
     Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban 
     Treaty Organization located on United States territory.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1849. Mr. VAN HOLLEN (for himself and Mr. Cardin) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title VI, add the following:

     SEC. ___. RELIEF OF RICHARD W. COLLINS III.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) On May 20, 2017, Lieutenant Richard W. Collins III was 
     murdered on the campus of the University of Maryland, College 
     Park, Maryland.
       (2) At the time of his murder, Lieutenant Collins had 
     graduated from the Reserve Officers' Training Corps at Bowie 
     State University and received a commission in the United 
     States Army.
       (3) At the time of the murder of Lieutenant Collins, a 
     graduate of a Reserve Officers' Training Corps who received a 
     commission but died before receiving a first duty assignment 
     was not eligible for a death gratuity under section 
     1475(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, or for casualty 
     assistance under section 633 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note).
       (4) Section 623 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) amended section 1475 
     of title 10, United States Code, to authorize the payment of 
     a death gratuity to a graduate of the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps (SROTC) who receives a commission 
     but dies before receiving a first duty assignment.
       (5) Section 625 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 authorizes the families of Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps graduates to receive 
     casualty assistance in the event of the death of such 
     graduates.
       (6) Sections 623 and 625 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 apply only to a Senior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps graduate who receives a 
     commission but dies before receiving a first duty assignment 
     on or after the date of the enactment of that Act.
       (7) The death of Lieutenant Collins played a critical role 
     in changing the eligibility criteria for the death gratuity 
     for Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps graduates who die 
     prior to their first assignment.
       (b) Applicability of Laws.--
       (1) Death gratuity.--Section 623 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), 
     and the amendment made by that section, shall apply to 
     Lieutenant Richard W. Collins III as if his death had 
     occurred after the date of the enactment of that section.
       (2) Casualty assistance.--Section 625 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, and the 
     amendment made by that section, shall apply to Lieutenant 
     Richard W. Collins III as if his death had occurred after the 
     date of the enactment of that section.
       (c) Limitation.--No amount exceeding 10 percent of a 
     payment made under subsection (b)(1) may be paid to or 
     received by any attorney or agent for services rendered in 
     connection with the payment. Any person who violates this 
     subsection shall be guilty of an infraction and shall be 
     subject to a fine in the amount provided under title 18, 
     United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1850. Mr. KING (for himself and Mr. Menendez) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title XII of division A, add the following:

                   Subtitle H--Global Health Security

     SEC. 1291. SHORT TITLE.

       This subtitle may be cited as the ``Global Health Security 
     Act of 2020''.

     SEC. 1292. DEFINED TERM.

       In this subtitle, the term ``global health security'' means 
     the activities required to minimize the danger and impact of 
     acute public health events that endanger the collective 
     health of populations living across geographical regions and 
     international boundaries.

     SEC. 1293. POLICY OBJECTIVES.

       It is the policy of the United States--
       (1) to advance global health security through engagement in 
     a multi-faceted, multi-country, multi-sectoral framework to 
     accelerate targeted partner countries' measurable 
     capabilities to achieve specific targets to prevent, detect, 
     and respond to infectious disease threats, whether naturally 
     occurring, deliberate, or accidental;
       (2) to encourage governments and multilateral institutions, 
     including development banks, nongovernmental organizations, 
     and private sector stakeholders throughout the world to make 
     fortifying health security a national priority and a key 
     commitment; and
       (3) to emphasize improving coordination and collaboration 
     across governmental and societal sectors to help strengthen 
     health systems and pandemic preparedness.

     SEC. 1294. GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY SPECIAL ADVISOR.

       (a) In General.--There is established, within the Executive 
     Office of the President, the position of Special Advisor for 
     Global Health Security (referred to in this subtitle as the 
     ``Advisor''), who shall be appointed by the President, at a 
     level not lower than that of a Deputy Assistant to the 
     President. In selecting the Advisor, the President should 
     consider appointing a staff member of the National Security 
     Council.
       (b) General Duties.--The Advisor shall--
       (1) serve as the President's principal advisor on global 
     health security and global health emergencies;
       (2) coordinate the United States Government's efforts to 
     carry out global health security activities, including 
     participation in the Global Health Security Agenda;
       (3) convene and chair the Global Health Security 
     Interagency Review Council described in section 1295; and
       (4) submit a report to Congress not less frequently than 
     twice per year that describes the activities and 
     accomplishments of the Advisor during the reporting period.
       (c) Specific Duties.--The duties of the Advisor shall also 
     include--
       (1) ensuring program and policy coordination among the 
     relevant executive branch agencies and nongovernmental 
     organizations, including auditing, monitoring, and evaluation 
     of all such programs;
       (2) ensuring that each relevant executive branch agency 
     undertakes programs primarily in areas in which the agency 
     has the greatest expertise, technical capabilities, and 
     potential for success;
       (3) avoiding duplication of effort;
       (4) ensuring, through interagency and international 
     coordination, that global health security programs of the 
     United States are coordinated with, and complementary to, the 
     delivery of related global health, food security, 
     development, and education programs;
       (5) establishing due diligence criteria for all recipients 
     of funds appropriated by the Federal Government for global 
     health security assistance;

[[Page S3379]]

       (6) developing policy that will prioritize global health 
     security, especially the role of building low- and middle-
     income country capacity to contain pandemic threats, in all 
     relevant future global and national health, research and 
     development, and biodefense strategies, including the 
     National Health Security Strategy, the National Security 
     Strategy, and the National Biodefense Strategy; and
       (7) articulating assessment standards that--
       (A) measure countries' individual status and progress in 
     building the necessary capacities to prevent, detect, and 
     respond to infectious disease threats, in accordance with 
     agreed bilateral or multilateral targets and in support of 
     full implementation of the International Health Regulations, 
     adopted at Geneva May 23, 2005;
       (B) are based on a peer-to-peer model in which external 
     experts are invited to work with the country to evaluate 
     capacity;
       (C) ensure an objective approach and facilitate cross-
     sectoral learning; and
       (D) are part of the capacity building cycle designed to 
     inform national priority setting, target resources, and track 
     progress.
       (d) Coordination.--In carrying out the duties set forth in 
     subsection (b), the Advisor shall ensure--
       (1) coordination of United States Government efforts 
     referred to in subsection (b)(2) with relevant international 
     stakeholders and organizations; and
       (2) coordination with the Administrator of the United 
     States Agency for International Development, who is 
     responsible for the coordination of the provision of 
     international humanitarian assistance by the United States 
     Government.
       (e) Monitoring.--To ensure that adequate measures are 
     established and implemented, the Centers for Disease Control 
     and Prevention should--
       (1) advise the Advisor on monitoring, surveillance, and 
     evaluation activities; and
       (2) be a key implementer of such activities under this 
     section.
       (f) Form.--The reports required under subsection (b)(4) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 1295. INTERAGENCY REVIEW COUNCIL.

       (a) Establishment.--The Global Health Security Interagency 
     Review Council (referred to in this section as the 
     ``Council'') shall be composed of representatives of--
       (1) the Department of Defense, including the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs;
       (2) the Department of State;
       (3) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
       (4) the United States Agency for International Development;
       (5) the Department of Agriculture, including the Animal 
     Plant Health Inspection Service and the Food Safety and 
     Inspection Service;
       (6) the Department of Health and Human Services, including 
     the National Institutes of Health;
       (7) the Department of Homeland Security;
       (8) the Department of Justice, including the Federal Bureau 
     of Investigation;
       (9) the Environmental Protection Agency;
       (10) the Office of Management and Budget;
       (11) the Office of Science and Technology Policy; and
       (12) any other agency that the representatives of the 
     agencies set forth in paragraphs (1) through (11) determine, 
     by consensus, to be appropriate.
       (b) Meetings.--The Council shall meet at least 4 times per 
     year to advance its mission and fulfill its responsibilities 
     under this section.
       (c) Functions.--The Council shall--
       (1) provide policy-level guidance to participating agencies 
     on global health security goals, objectives, and 
     implementation;
       (2) facilitate interagency, multi-sectoral engagement to 
     carry out global health security activities, including the 
     Global Health Security Agenda;
       (3) provide a forum for raising and working to resolve 
     interagency disagreements concerning the global health 
     security goals, objectives, and benchmarks;
       (4) develop and set benchmarks for--
       (A) assessing, measuring, and improving global health 
     security outcomes; and
       (B) identifying criteria for designating priority partner 
     countries;
       (5) review the progress toward, and work to resolve 
     challenges to, achieving United States Government commitments 
     to global health security activities, agreements, and 
     organizations, including the Global Health Security Agenda 
     and other commitments to assist other countries in achieving 
     agreed-upon global health security targets; and
       (6) consider, among other issues--
       (A) the status of United States financial commitments to 
     global health security in the context of commitments by other 
     donors, and the contributions of partner countries to achieve 
     global health security targets, including the Global Health 
     Security Agenda;
       (B) progress toward the milestones outlined in global 
     health security national plans for those countries where the 
     United States Government has committed to assist in global 
     health security activities and in annual work plans outlining 
     agency priorities for implementing global health security 
     strategies, including the Global Health Security Agenda; and
       (C) external evaluations of the capabilities of the United 
     States and partner countries to address infectious disease 
     threats, including--
       (i) the ability to achieve the targets outlined in the 
     Joint External Evaluation process; and
       (ii) gaps identified by such external evaluations.
       (d) Specific Roles and Responsibilities.--
       (1) In general.--The heads of the agencies referred to in 
     subsection (a) shall--
       (A) make the implementation of the Global Health Security 
     Agenda (referred to in this subsection as ``GHSA'') and 
     successor activities a high priority within their respective 
     agencies, and include GHSA-related activities within their 
     respective agencies' strategic planning and budget processes;
       (B) designate a senior level official to be responsible for 
     the implementation of this section;
       (C) designate an appropriate representative, at the 
     Assistant Secretary level or higher, to represent the agency 
     on the Council;
       (D) keep the Council apprised of global health security-
     related activities, including the Global Health Security 
     Agenda, undertaken within their respective agencies;
       (E) maintain responsibility for agency-related programmatic 
     functions, in coordination with host governments, country 
     teams, and global health security in country teams, and in 
     conjunction with other relevant agencies;
       (F) coordinate with other agencies referred to in 
     subsection (a) to satisfy programmatic goals, and further 
     facilitate coordination of country teams, implementers, and 
     donors in host countries; and
       (G) coordinate across GHSA national plans and with GHSA 
     partners to which the United States is providing assistance.
       (2) Additional roles and responsibilities.--In addition to 
     the roles and responsibilities described in paragraph (1), 
     the heads of agencies referred to in subsection (a) shall 
     carry out their respective roles and responsibilities 
     described in subsections (b) through (i) of section 3 of 
     Executive Order 13747 (81 Fed. Reg. 78701; relating to 
     Advancing the Global Health Security Agenda to Achieve a 
     World Safe and Secure from Infectious Disease Threats), as in 
     effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.
       (e) Limitations.--The Council may not perform any 
     activities or functions that interfere with the foreign 
     affairs responsibilities of the Secretary of State, including 
     the responsibility to oversee the implementation of programs 
     and policies that advance the global health security 
     activities within foreign countries.

     SEC. 1296. STRATEGY AND REPORTS.

       (a) Strategy.--The Special Advisor for Global Health 
     Security appointed under section 1294 shall coordinate the 
     development and implementation of a strategy to implement the 
     policy objectives described in section 1293, which shall--
       (1) set specific and measurable goals, benchmarks, 
     timetables, performance metrics, and monitoring and 
     evaluation plans that reflect international best practices 
     relating to transparency, accountability, and global health 
     security;
       (2) support and be aligned with country-owned global health 
     security policy and investment plans developed with input 
     from key stakeholders, as appropriate;
       (3) facilitate communication and collaboration, as 
     appropriate, among local stakeholders in support of a multi-
     sectoral approach to global health security;
       (4) support the long-term success of programs by building 
     the capacity of local organizations and institutions in 
     target countries and communities;
       (5) develop community resilience to infectious disease 
     threats and emergencies;
       (6) leverage resources and expertise through partnerships 
     with the private sector, health organizations, civil society, 
     nongovernmental organizations, and health research and 
     academic institutions; and
       (7) support collaboration, as appropriate, between United 
     States universities, and public and private institutions in 
     target countries and communities to promote health security 
     and innovation.
       (b) Coordination.--The President, acting through the 
     Special Advisor for Global Health Security, shall coordinate, 
     through a whole-of-government approach, the efforts of 
     relevant Federal departments and agencies in the 
     implementation of the strategy required under subsection (a) 
     by establishing--
       (1) monitoring and evaluation systems, coherence, and 
     coordination across relevant Federal departments and 
     agencies; and
       (2) platforms for regular consultation and collaboration 
     with key stakeholders and the appropriate congressional 
     committees.
       (c) Strategy Submission.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President, in consultation 
     with the head of each relevant Federal department and agency, 
     shall submit, to the appropriate congressional committees--
       (A) the strategy required under subsection (a); and
       (B) a detailed description of how the United States intends 
     to advance the policy objectives described in section 1293 
     and the agency-specific plans described in paragraph (2).
       (2) Agency-specific plans.--The strategy required under 
     subsection (a) shall include specific implementation plans 
     from each relevant Federal department and agency that 
     describes--

[[Page S3380]]

       (A) the anticipated contributions of the department or 
     agency, including technical, financial, and in-kind 
     contributions, to implement the strategy; and
       (B) the efforts of the department or agency to ensure that 
     the activities and programs carried out pursuant to the 
     strategy are designed to achieve maximum impact and long-term 
     sustainability.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
     which the strategy required under subsection (a) is submitted 
     to the appropriate congressional committees under subsection 
     (c), and not later than October 1 of each year thereafter, 
     the President shall submit a report to the appropriate 
     congressional committees that describes the status of the 
     implementation of the strategy.
       (2) Content.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       (A) contain a summary of the strategy as an appendix;
       (B) identify any substantial changes made in the strategy 
     during the preceding calendar year;
       (C) describe the progress made in implementing the 
     strategy;
       (D) identify the indicators used to establish benchmarks 
     and measure results over time, and the mechanisms for 
     reporting such results in an open and transparent manner;
       (E) contain a transparent, open, and detailed accounting of 
     expenditures by relevant Federal departments and agencies to 
     implement the strategy, including, for each Federal 
     department and agency, the statutory source of expenditures, 
     amounts expended, implementing partners, targeted 
     beneficiaries, and activities supported;
       (F) describe how the strategy leverages other United States 
     global health and development assistance programs;
       (G) assess efforts to coordinate United States global 
     health security programs, activities, and initiatives with 
     key stakeholders; and
       (H) incorporate a plan for regularly reviewing and updating 
     strategies, partnerships, and programs and sharing lessons 
     learned with a wide range of stakeholders, including key 
     stakeholders, in an open, transparent manner.
       (e) Form.--The strategy required under subsection (a) and 
     the report required under subsection (d) shall be submitted 
     in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

     SEC. 1297. ANNUAL NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE AND BRIEFING 
                   ON NOVEL DISEASES AND PANDEMIC THREATS.

       (a) In General.--The National Security Act of 1947 (50 
     U.S.C. 3001 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 1109. ANNUAL NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE AND 
                   BRIEFING ON NOVEL DISEASES AND PANDEMIC 
                   THREATS.

       ``(a) Defined Term.--In this section, the term `appropriate 
     committees of Congress' means--
       ``(1) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       ``(2) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate;
       ``(3) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
     Pensions of the Senate
       ``(4) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives;
       ``(5) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives; and
       ``(6) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives.
       ``(b) National Intelligence Estimates Required.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the 
     National Intelligence Council shall produce a National 
     Intelligence Estimate regarding the risk of pandemics from 
     highly infectious and novel diseases.
       ``(2) Elements.--Each National Intelligence Estimate 
     produced under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       ``(A) An identification of the countries most likely to be 
     the origin of a disease with pandemic potential.
       ``(B) An assessment of the likelihood of a spread of a 
     disease described in subparagraph (A) to the United States, 
     the Armed Forces or diplomatic or development personnel of 
     the United States abroad, or citizens of the United States 
     abroad in a manner that could lead to an epidemic in the 
     United States that affects the national security or economic 
     prosperity of the United States.
       ``(C) An assessment of the preparedness of countries around 
     the world to detect, prevent, and respond to pandemic 
     threats.
       ``(D) An identification of any gaps in the preparedness of 
     countries described in subparagraph (C).
       ``(c) Submission to Congress.--On the December 1 following 
     the date on which a National Intelligence Estimate is 
     produced under subsection (b)(1), the National Intelligence 
     Council shall submit the Estimate to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress.
       ``(d) Congressional Briefings.--The National Intelligence 
     Council shall annually brief the appropriate committees of 
     Congress regarding--
       ``(1) the most recent National Intelligence Estimate 
     submitted under subsection (c); and
       ``(2) outbreaks of disease with pandemic potential that 
     could lead to an epidemic described in subsection (b)(2)(B).
       ``(e) Public Availability.--The Director of National 
     Intelligence shall make publicly available an unclassified 
     version of each National Intelligence Estimate produced under 
     subsection (b)(1).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in the 
     matter preceding section 2 of such Act (50 U.S.C. 3002) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

``1109. Annual National Intelligence Estimate and briefing on novel 
              diseases and pandemic threats.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1851. Mr. SCHUMER (for himself, Ms. Murkowski, and Mrs. 
Gillibrand) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to 
the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title I, insert the following:

     SEC. 156. REPORT ON LC-130 AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report describing how the 
     Department of Defense plans to modernize the LC-130 aircraft 
     in its inventory.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1852. Mr. SCHUMER (for himself and Mrs. Gillibrand) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 1026. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE NAMING OF A NAVAL VESSEL 
                   IN HONOR OF SENIOR CHIEF PETTY OFFICER SHANNON 
                   KENT.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) Senior Chief Petty Officer Shannon M. Kent was born in 
     Owego, New York.
       (2) Senior Chief Petty Officer Kent enlisted in the United 
     States Navy on December 10, 2003.
       (3) Senior Chief Petty Officer Kent was fluent in four 
     languages and four dialects of Arabic.
       (4) Senior Chief Petty Officer Kent served five combat 
     tours throughout 15 years of service in the Navy.
       (5) On January 16, 2019, at 35 years of age, Senior Chief 
     Petty Officer Kent was killed in a suicide bombing in Manbij, 
     Syria, while supporting Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent 
     Resolve.
       (6) Senior Chief Petty Officer Kent was the recipient of 
     the Bronze Star, the Purple Heart, two Joint Service 
     Commendation Medals, the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation 
     Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, and the Joint Service 
     Achievement Medal, among other decorations and awards.
       (7) Senior Chief Petty Officer Kent was among the first 
     women to deploy with Special Operations Forces and was the 
     first female to graduate from the hard skills program for 
     non-SEALs.
       (8) Senior Chief Petty Officer Kent is survived by her 
     husband and two children.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the Secretary of the Navy should name the next available 
     naval vessel appropriate for such name in honor of Senior 
     Chief Petty Officer Shannon Kent.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1853. Mrs. CAPITO (for herself and Mr. Sanders) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title III, add the following:

     SEC. 3__. REPORT ON FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM.

       Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
     report on--
       (1) the location and amount of the stockpiled fluorinated 
     aqueous film forming foam in the possession of the Department 
     of Defense that contains--
       (A) perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA);
       (B) perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS);
       (C) perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS);
       (D) perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA); or
       (E) perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA).
       (2) the amount of such foam that has been destroyed during 
     the 10-year period ending of the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and the method and location of destruction.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1854. Mr. BRAUN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by

[[Page S3381]]

him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. __. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN EMBLEMS ON HEADSTONES AND 
                   MARKERS FURNISHED BY THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS 
                   AFFAIRS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2306 of title 38, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (j); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
     subsection (i):
       ``(i)(1) A headstone or marker furnished for a veteran 
     under subsection (a), (b), or (d) may include--
       ``(A) no emblem;
       ``(B) an emblem of belief; or
       ``(C) an emblem from among a list of emblems that the 
     Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary, 
     shall establish.
       ``(2) The list established under paragraph (1)(C) shall 
     include the following:
       ``(A) An emblem with respect to--
       ``(i) each unit at the level of separate brigade or higher 
     in the Army and each equivalent unit in the Navy, Marine 
     Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard; and
       ``(ii) each skill or combat badge or tab earned by a member 
     of the Armed Forces.
       ``(B) One or more emblems of the commissioned Regular Corps 
     of the Public Health Service.
       ``(C) One or more emblems of the commissioned officer corps 
     of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
       ``(D) Such other emblems as the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary, considers appropriate and 
     practical, such as the Marine Corps emblem or Army Infantry 
     insignia.
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall provide the Secretary 
     with a digitized representation of each emblem included in 
     the list established under paragraph (1)(C).''.
       (b) Establishment of List of Approved Emblems.--Not later 
     than June 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall establish the 
     list of approved emblems required by section 2306(i)(1)(C), 
     as added by subsection (a), in accordance with such section.
       (c) Availability of Approved Emblems.--Not later than 
     October 1, 2021, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall make 
     the emblems on the list of approved emblems required by 
     section 2306(i)(1)(C), as added by subsection (a), available 
     for inclusion on headstones and markers.
       (d) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply with respect to headstones and markers furnished 
     by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1855. Mr. BRAUN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title VII, add the following:

     SEC. 7__. EXPEDITED HIRING BY DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 
                   OF MEDICAL DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL SEPARATING FROM 
                   THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall conduct 
     recruitment for covered medical personnel positions from 
     among medical department personnel of the Department of 
     Defense who hold medical military occupational specialties 
     and are separating from the Armed Forces.
       (b) Transition Assistance Program.--Recruitment shall be 
     conducted under subsection (a) for separating members of the 
     Armed Forces as part of the Transition Assistance Program 
     conducted for such members.
       (c) Elements of Recruitment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration 
     with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall schedule 
     regular briefing times for all medical department personnel 
     of the Department of Defense who are separating from the 
     Armed Forces to be briefed by a supervisor or technician from 
     a human resources office of the Veterans Health 
     Administration on--
       (A) employment opportunities with the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs throughout the United States;
       (B) options for careers with the Department in a covered 
     medical personnel position; and
       (C) the expedited recruitment and hiring process under this 
     section.
       (2) One-on-one appointments.--The supervisor or technician 
     conducting the briefing under paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) schedule a one-on-one appointment for each separating 
     medical department personnel member who wishes to meet to 
     review covered medical personnel positions that are 
     available; and
       (B) accept applications for such positions.
       (d) Hiring.--
       (1) Tentative offer.--
       (A) In general.--The supervisor or technician conducting 
     the briefing under subsection (c)(1) and accepting 
     applications under subsection (c)(2)(B) may tentatively offer 
     applicants for covered medical personnel positions who agree 
     to accept the position and meet a preliminary qualification 
     review established by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs such 
     a position at a medical facility of the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs.
       (B) Timing.--A tentative offer under subparagraph (A) to a 
     member of the Armed Forces participating in the recruitment 
     and hiring process under this section may be made during the 
     period beginning on the date that is 90 days before the 
     separation of the member from the Armed Forces and ending on 
     the date that is 90 days after such separation.
       (2) Final offer.--After conducting the tentative offer 
     process for an individual under paragraph (1), the supervisor 
     or technician shall transmit information on and credentials 
     for the individual to the medical facility at which the 
     individual would be hired for final verification and 
     interviews to complete the hiring process and possibly 
     present a final offer.
       (3) Conduct of hiring process.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, the Secretary may hire individuals under 
     this section through direct, non-competitive, and other 
     hiring processes as the Secretary considers appropriate to 
     carry out this section.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered medical personnel position.--The term ``covered 
     medical personnel position'' means a medical personnel 
     position at all grades within the Department of Veterans 
     Affairs employed under--
       (A) the General Schedule under subchapter III of chapter 53 
     of title 5, United States Code;
       (B) the prevailing rate system under subchapter IV of such 
     chapter;
       (C) section 7425 of title 38, United States Code; or
       (D) a hybrid authority.
       (2) Transition assistance program.--The term ``Transition 
     Assistance Program'' means the Transition Assistance Program 
     under sections 1142 and 1144 of title 10, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1856. Mr. BRAUN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title V, add the following:

     SEC. ___. PRIORITY AND EMPHASIS IN PROMOTION OF MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES FOR BILLET-RELATED SKILLS AND 
                   TRAINING, OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE, AND 
                   DECORATIONS.

       (a) Priority and Emphasis.--Commencing not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, promotion 
     selection boards, in the case of officers, and personnel 
     responsible for determinations regarding promotions, in the 
     case of other members, shall afford an enhanced priority and 
     emphasis in the promotion of members of the Armed Forces for 
     skills, training, and other matters specified in subsection 
     (b) when compared with civilian education and matters not 
     specified in that subsection.
       (b) Specified Skills, Training, and Other Matters.--The 
     skills, training, and other matters specified in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) Billet-related skills.
       (2) Billet-related training.
       (3) Operational experience.
       (4) Decoration and awards.
       (c) Guidance.--Promotion selection boards and personnel 
     responsible for determinations regarding promotion of members 
     of the Armed Forces shall carry out subsection (a) in 
     accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned for purposes of this section. 
     Such guidance shall specify the extent of the priority and 
     emphasis to be afforded by promotion selection boards and 
     such personnel in the promotion of members, and the manner in 
     which such priority and emphasis is to be afforded.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1857. Mr. BRAUN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle F of title V, add the following:

[[Page S3382]]

  


     SEC. ___. TERMINATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF REGULATIONS 
                   PROHIBITING AWARD OF COMBAT-RELATED DECORATIONS 
                   TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES SUBJECT TO 
                   SUSPENSION OF FAVORABLE PERSONNEL ACTIONS.

       Commencing not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act--
       (1) any regulation or policy of the Department of Defense 
     or a military department that prohibits or limits the 
     presentation or award of a combat-related decoration to a 
     member of the Armed Forces who is subject to suspension of 
     favorable personnel actions (commonly referred to as 
     ``flagging'') shall cease to be in effect; and
       (2) combat-related decorations shall be presented or 
     awarded to members of the Armed Forces who are subject to a 
     suspension of favorable personnel actions without regard to 
     such regulation or policy as if such members were not such to 
     a suspension of favorable personnel actions.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1858. Mr. BRAUN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. __. BENEFITS FOR ELIGIBLE DESCENDANTS OF VETERANS 
                   EXPOSED TO HERBICIDE AGENTS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 18 of title 38, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:

``CHAPTER 18--BENEFITS FOR ELIGIBLE DESCENDANTS OF VETERANS EXPOSED TO 
                            HERBICIDE AGENTS

``Chapter 18--Benefits for Eligible Descendants of Veterans Exposed to 
                            Herbicide Agents

``Sec. 1801. Definitions.

 ``subchapter i--eligible descendants of veterans exposed to herbicide 
                     agents born with spina bifida

``Sec. 1811. Eligibility.
``Sec. 1812. Health care.
``Sec. 1813. Vocational training.
``Sec. 1814. Monetary allowance.

   ``subchapter ii--eligible descendants of women veterans exposed to 
            herbicide agents born with certain birth defects

``Sec. 1821. Eligibility; definition.
``Sec. 1822. Covered birth defects.
``Sec. 1823. Health care.
``Sec. 1824. Vocational training.
``Sec. 1825. Monetary allowance.
``Sec. 1826. Regulations.

                    ``subchapter iii--administration

``Sec. 1831. Determination of eligibility.
``Sec. 1832. Care coordinators for eligible descendants.
``Sec. 1833. Duration of health care and benefits provided.
``Sec. 1834. Applicability of certain administrative provisions.
``Sec. 1835. Treatment of receipt of monetary allowance and other 
              benefits.
``Sec. 1836. Nonduplication of benefits.

     ``Sec. 1801. Definitions

       ``In this chapter:
       ``(1) Covered birth defect.--The term `covered birth 
     defect' means a birth defect identified by the Secretary 
     under section 1822 of this title.
       ``(2) Covered veteran.--The term `covered veteran' means an 
     individual who--
       ``(A) served in the active military, naval, or air service, 
     without regard to the characterization of that individual's 
     service; and
       ``(B) is determined by the Secretary, in consultation with 
     the Secretary of Defense, to have been exposed to a herbicide 
     agent during such service.
       ``(3) Eligible descendant.--The term `eligible descendant' 
     means--
       ``(A) for purposes of eligibility for health care and 
     benefits under subchapter I, an individual described in 
     section 1811 of this title; and
       ``(B) for purposes of eligibility for health care and 
     benefits under subchapter II, an individual described in 
     section 1821(a) of this title.
       ``(4) Facility of the department.--The term `facility of 
     the Department' has the meaning given the term `facilities of 
     the Department' in section 1701 of this title.
       ``(5) Herbicide agent.--The term `herbicide agent' means a 
     chemical in a herbicide used in support of United States and 
     allied military operations, as determined by the Secretary in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense.

 ``SUBCHAPTER I--ELIGIBLE DESCENDANTS OF VETERANS EXPOSED TO HERBICIDE 
                     AGENTS BORN WITH SPINA BIFIDA

     ``Sec. 1811. Eligibility

       ``For purposes of this subchapter, an eligible descendant 
     is an individual, regardless of age or marital status, who--
       ``(1)(A)(i) is the natural child of a covered veteran; and
       ``(ii) was conceived after the date on which that veteran 
     first was exposed to a herbicide agent during service in the 
     active military, naval, or air service; or
       ``(B) is the natural child of an individual described in 
     subparagraph (A); and
       ``(2) was born with any form or manifestation of spina 
     bifida, except spina bifida occulta.

     ``Sec. 1812. Health care

       ``(a) In General.--In accordance with regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary, the Secretary shall provide an 
     eligible descendant with health care under this section.
       ``(b) Provision of Care.-- The Secretary shall provide 
     health care under this section--
       ``(1) through facilities of the Department; or
       ``(2) by contract or other arrangement with any health care 
     provider, as coordinated by the care coordinator assigned 
     under section 1832 of this title for the eligible descendant.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Health care.--The term `health care'--
       ``(A) means home care, hospital care, nursing home care, 
     outpatient care, preventive care, habilitative and 
     rehabilitative care, case management, and respite care; and
       ``(B) includes--
       ``(i) the training of appropriate members of an eligible 
     descendant's family or household in the care of the 
     descendant; and
       ``(ii) the provision of such pharmaceuticals, supplies, 
     equipment, devices, appliances, assistive technology, direct 
     transportation costs to and from approved sources of health 
     care, and other materials as the Secretary determines 
     necessary.
       ``(2) Habilitative and rehabilitative care.--The term 
     `habilitative and rehabilitative care' means such 
     professional, counseling, and guidance services and treatment 
     programs (other than vocational training under section 1813 
     of this title) as are necessary to develop, maintain, or 
     restore, to the maximum extent practicable, the functioning 
     of a disabled person.
       ``(3) Health care provider.--The term `health care 
     provider' includes specialized spina bifida clinics, health 
     care plans, insurers, organizations, institutions, and any 
     other entity or individual furnishing health care services 
     that the Secretary determines are authorized under this 
     section.
       ``(4) Home care.--The term `home care' means outpatient 
     care, habilitative and rehabilitative care, preventive health 
     services, and health-related services furnished to an 
     individual in the individual's home or other place of 
     residence, including assistance with activities of daily 
     living and instrumental activities of daily living.
       ``(5) Hospital care.--The term `hospital care' means care 
     and treatment for a disability furnished to an individual who 
     has been admitted to a hospital as a patient.
       ``(6) Nursing home care.--The term `nursing home care' 
     means care and treatment for a disability furnished to an 
     individual who has been admitted to a nursing home as a 
     resident.
       ``(7) Outpatient care.--The term `outpatient care' means 
     care and treatment of a disability, and preventive health 
     services, furnished to an individual other than hospital care 
     or nursing home care.
       ``(8) Preventive care.--The term `preventive care' means 
     care and treatment furnished to prevent disability or 
     illness, including periodic examinations, immunizations, 
     patient health education, and such other services as the 
     Secretary determines necessary to provide effective and 
     economical preventive health care.
       ``(9) Respite care.--The term `respite care' means care 
     furnished on an intermittent basis for a limited period to an 
     individual who resides primarily in a private residence when 
     such care will help the individual to continue residing in 
     such private residence.

     ``Sec. 1813. Vocational training

       ``(a) Authority.--Pursuant to regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary, the Secretary may provide vocational training 
     under this section to an eligible descendant if the Secretary 
     determines that the achievement of a vocational goal by such 
     descendant is reasonably feasible.
       ``(b) Program Design.--Any program of vocational training 
     for an eligible descendant under this section shall--
       ``(1) be designed in consultation with the descendant in 
     order to meet the descendant's individual needs;
       ``(2) be set forth in an individualized written plan of 
     vocational rehabilitation; and
       ``(3) be designed and developed before the date specified 
     in subsection (d)(3) so as to permit the beginning of the 
     program as of such date.
       ``(c) Program Elements.--
       ``(1) In general.--A vocational training program for an 
     eligible descendant under this section--
       ``(A) shall consist of such vocationally oriented services 
     and assistance, including such placement and post-placement 
     services and personal and work adjustment training, as the 
     Secretary determines are necessary to enable the descendant 
     to prepare for and participate in vocational training or 
     employment; and
       ``(B) may include a program of education at an institution 
     of higher learning if the Secretary determines that the 
     program of education is predominantly vocational in content.
       ``(2) Exclusions.-- A vocational training program under 
     this section may not include the provision of any loan or 
     subsistence allowance or any automobile adaptive equipment.
       ``(d) Program Duration.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
     subject to subsection (e)(2),

[[Page S3383]]

     a vocational training program under this section may not 
     exceed 24 months.
       ``(2) Extensions.--The Secretary may grant an extension of 
     a vocational training program for an eligible descendant 
     under this section for up to 24 additional months if the 
     Secretary determines that the extension is necessary in order 
     for the descendant to achieve a vocational goal identified 
     (before the end of the first 24 months of such program) in 
     the written plan of vocational rehabilitation formulated for 
     the descendant pursuant to subsection (b).
       ``(3) Commencement.--A vocational training program under 
     this section may begin on the eligible descendant's 18th 
     birthday, or on the successful completion of the descendant's 
     secondary schooling, whichever first occurs, except that, if 
     the descendant is above the age of compulsory school 
     attendance under applicable State law and the Secretary 
     determines that the descendant's best interests will be 
     served thereby, the vocational training program may begin 
     before the descendant's 18th birthday.
       ``(e) Relationship to Other Programs.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible descendant who is pursuing a 
     program of vocational training under this section and is also 
     eligible for assistance under a program under chapter 35 of 
     this title may not receive assistance under both such 
     programs concurrently. The descendant shall elect (in such 
     form and manner as the Secretary may prescribe) the program 
     under which the descendant is to receive assistance.
       ``(2) Aggregate period.--The aggregate period for which an 
     eligible descendant may receive assistance under this section 
     and chapter 35 of this title may not exceed 48 months (or the 
     part-time equivalent thereof).

     ``Sec. 1814. Monetary allowance

       ``(a) Monetary Allowance.--The Secretary shall pay a 
     monthly allowance under this section to an eligible 
     descendant for any disability resulting from spina bifida 
     suffered by such descendant.
       ``(b) Schedule for Rating of Disabilities.--
       ``(1) In general.--The amount of the allowance paid to an 
     eligible descendant under this section shall be based on the 
     degree of disability suffered by the descendant, as 
     determined in accordance with such schedule for rating 
     disabilities resulting from spina bifida as the Secretary may 
     prescribe.
       ``(2) Levels of disability.--The Secretary shall, in 
     prescribing the rating schedule for purposes of this section, 
     establish three levels of disability upon which the amount of 
     the allowance provided by this section shall be based.
       ``(c) Amount of Monthly Allowance.--
       ``(1) In general.--The amounts of the allowance shall be 
     $200 per month for the lowest level of disability prescribed, 
     $700 per month for the intermediate level of disability 
     prescribed, and $1,200 per month for the highest level of 
     disability prescribed.
       ``(2) Adjustment.--Amounts under paragraph (1) are subject 
     to adjustment under section 5312 of this title.

  ``SUBCHAPTER II--ELIGIBLE DESCENDANTS OF WOMEN VETERANS EXPOSED TO 
            HERBICIDE AGENTS BORN WITH CERTAIN BIRTH DEFECTS

     ``Sec. 1821. Eligibility; definition

       ``(a) Eligibility.--For purposes of this subchapter, an 
     eligible descendant is an individual, regardless of age or 
     marital status, who--
       ``(1)(A)(i) is the natural child of a covered woman 
     veteran; and
       ``(ii) was conceived after the date on which that veteran 
     first was exposed to a herbicide agent during service in the 
     active military, naval, or air service; or
       ``(B) is the natural child of an individual described in 
     subparagraph (A); and
       ``(2) was born with one or more covered birth defects.
       ``(b) Covered Woman Veteran Defined.--In this subchapter, 
     the term `covered woman veteran' means a covered veteran who 
     is a woman.

     ``Sec. 1822. Covered birth defects

       ``(a) Identification.--The Secretary shall identify the 
     birth defects of eligible descendants that--
       ``(1) are associated with the service of covered woman 
     veterans; and
       ``(2) result in permanent physical or mental disability.
       ``(b) Exclusions.--The birth defects identified under 
     subsection (a) may not include birth defects resulting from 
     the following:
       ``(1) A familial disorder.
       ``(2) A birth-related injury.
       ``(3) A fetal or neonatal infirmity with well-established 
     causes.
       ``(c) Other Cause.--In any case where affirmative evidence 
     establishes that a covered birth defect of an eligible 
     descendant results from a cause other than the active 
     military, naval, or air service of a covered woman veteran, 
     no benefits or assistance may be provided the descendant 
     under this subchapter.

     ``Sec. 1823. Health care

       ``(a) Needed Care.--The Secretary shall provide an eligible 
     descendant such health care as the Secretary determines is 
     needed by the descendant for that descendant's covered birth 
     defects or any disability that is associated with those birth 
     defects.
       ``(b) Provision of Care.--The Secretary shall provide 
     health care under this section--
       ``(1) through facilities of the Department; or
       ``(2) by contract or other arrangement with a health care 
     provider, as coordinated by the care coordinator assigned 
     under section 1832 of this title for the eligible descendant.
       ``(c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the 
     definitions in section 1812(c) of this title shall apply with 
     respect to the provision of health care under this section, 
     except that for such purposes--
       ``(1) the reference to `vocational training under section 
     1813 of this title' in paragraph (2) of that section shall be 
     treated as a reference to vocational training under section 
     1824 of this title; and
       ``(2) the reference to `specialized spina bifida clinic' in 
     paragraph (3) of that section shall be treated as a reference 
     to a specialized clinic treating the birth defect concerned 
     under this section.

     ``Sec. 1824. Vocational training

       ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary may provide a program of 
     vocational training to an eligible descendant if the 
     Secretary determines that the achievement of a vocational 
     goal by the descendant is reasonably feasible.
       ``(b) Applicable Provisions.-- Subsections (b) through (e) 
     of section 1813 of this title shall apply with respect to any 
     program of vocational training provided under subsection (a).

     ``Sec. 1825. Monetary allowance

       ``(a) Monetary Allowance.--The Secretary shall pay a 
     monthly allowance to any eligible descendant for any 
     disability resulting from the covered birth defects of that 
     descendant.
       ``(b) Schedule for Rating of Disabilities.--
       ``(1) In general.--The amount of the monthly allowance paid 
     under this section shall be based on the degree of disability 
     suffered by the eligible descendant concerned, as determined 
     in accordance with a schedule for rating disabilities 
     resulting from covered birth defects that is prescribed by 
     the Secretary.
       ``(2) Levels of disability.--In prescribing a schedule for 
     rating disabilities for purposes of this section, the 
     Secretary shall establish four levels of disability upon 
     which the amount of the allowance provided by this section 
     shall be based. The levels of disability established may take 
     into account functional limitations, including limitations on 
     cognition, communication, motor abilities, activities of 
     daily living, and employability.
       ``(c) Amount of Monthly Allowance.--The amount of the 
     monthly allowance paid under this section shall be as 
     follows:
       ``(1) In the case of an eligible descendant suffering from 
     the lowest level of disability prescribed in the schedule for 
     rating disabilities under subsection (b), $100.
       ``(2) In the case of an eligible descendant suffering from 
     the lower intermediate level of disability prescribed in the 
     schedule for rating disabilities under subsection (b), the 
     greater of--
       ``(A) $214; or
       ``(B) the monthly amount payable under section 1814(c) of 
     this title for the lowest level of disability prescribed for 
     purposes of that section.
       ``(3) In the case of an eligible descendant suffering from 
     the higher intermediate level of disability prescribed in the 
     schedule for rating disabilities under subsection (b), the 
     greater of--
       ``(A) $743; or
       ``(B) the monthly amount payable under section 1814(c) of 
     this title for the intermediate level of disability 
     prescribed for purposes of that section.
       ``(4) In the case of an eligible descendant suffering from 
     the highest level of disability prescribed in the schedule 
     for rating disabilities under subsection (b), the greater 
     of--
       ``(A) $1,272; or
       ``(B) the monthly amount payable under section 1814(c) of 
     this title for the highest level of disability prescribed for 
     purposes of that section.
       ``(d) Indexing to Social Security Benefit Increases.--
     Amounts under paragraphs (1), (2)(A), (3)(A), and (4)(A) of 
     subsection (c) shall be subject to adjustment from time to 
     time under section 5312 of this title.

     ``Sec. 1826. Regulations

       ``The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for purposes of 
     the administration of this subchapter.

                    ``SUBCHAPTER III--ADMINISTRATION

     ``Sec. 1831. Determination of eligibility

       ``(a) Notification.--Each director of a facility of the 
     Department shall notify each covered veteran who receives 
     care at the facility of the health care and benefits 
     available to eligible descendants under this chapter.
       ``(b) Medical Evaluation.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
     descendant of a covered veteran who seeks health care or 
     benefits under this chapter receives a medical evaluation 
     conducted at a facility of the Department.
       ``(2) Determination.--Each director of a facility at which 
     a medical evaluation for a descendant is conducted under 
     paragraph (1) shall determine whether such descendant is 
     eligible for health care or benefits under this chapter.

     ``Sec. 1832. Care coordinators for eligible descendants

       ``(a) Assignment.--
       ``(1) In general.--If a director of a facility of the 
     Department determines that a descendant of a covered veteran 
     is eligible for health care and benefits under this chapter 
     under section 1831(b)(2), except as provided in

[[Page S3384]]

     paragraph (2), the director shall assign to the eligible 
     descendant a social worker or registered nurse employed by 
     the Department at the facility to serve as the care 
     coordinator for the descendant.
       ``(2) Alternate location.--If another facility of the 
     Department is more geographically convenient for an eligible 
     descendant than the facility at which the descendant received 
     a medical evaluation under section 1831(b)(1), the director 
     of such other facility shall assign to the descendant a 
     social worker or registered nurse employed by the Department 
     at the facility to serve as the care coordinator for the 
     descendant.
       ``(b) Functions.--
       ``(1) In general.--A care coordinator assigned under 
     subsection (a) shall ensure that each eligible descendant to 
     which the care coordinator is assigned receives all health 
     care, vocational training, and monetary compensation for 
     which the descendant is eligible.
       ``(2) Home modifications and equipment.--A care coordinator 
     assigned under subsection (a) shall ensure that, for each 
     eligible descendant to which the care coordinator is 
     assigned--
       ``(A) any home modifications that the care coordinator 
     determines are necessary, in consultation with the primary 
     care provider and physical therapist of the descendant, are 
     completed; and
       ``(B) any durable medical equipment that the care 
     coordinator determines is required, in consultation with the 
     primary care provider and physical therapist of the 
     descendant, is provided.
       ``(3) Home visits.--A care coordinator assigned under 
     subsection (a) shall conduct not fewer than two home visits 
     each year for each eligible descendant to which the care 
     coordinator is assigned--
       ``(A) to evaluate the support and care being provided; and
       ``(B) to make improvements as needed.
       ``(4) Arrangements with health care providers.--
       ``(A) In general.--A care coordinator assigned under 
     subsection (a) shall ensure that each eligible descendant to 
     which the care coordinator is assigned is connected with 
     appropriate health care--
       ``(i) by locating health care providers;
       ``(ii) by educating those providers about the health care 
     and benefits provided to eligible descendants under this 
     chapter; and
       ``(iii) by arranging health care for the descendant from 
     those providers.
       ``(B) Health care included.--Health care arranged under 
     subparagraph (A)(iii) shall include such in-home support as 
     an eligible descendant may need for assistance in completing 
     all activities of daily living.
       ``(5) Administrative responsibilities.--
       ``(A) In general.--A care coordinator assigned under 
     subsection (a) shall ensure, with respect to each eligible 
     descendant to which the care coordinator is assigned, any 
     necessary preauthorizations, payments to providers, and 
     travel reimbursements are completed in a timely manner.
       ``(B) Resolution of issues.--The care coordinator shall 
     work with the eligible descendant and the office of the 
     Department that administers health care and benefits under 
     this chapter to resolve any issues relating to the matters 
     described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(6) Assignment of fiduciary.--If the Under Secretary for 
     Benefits determines that a fiduciary is required for an 
     eligible descendant for purposes of managing compensation 
     provided under section 1814 or 1825 of this title, the care 
     coordinator assigned to the descendant under subsection (a) 
     shall ensure that the descendant has such a fiduciary.
       ``(c) Local Contract Care Coordinator.--
       ``(1) In general.--In the case of an eligible descendant 
     who lives a significant driving distance from a facility of 
     the Department, the care coordinator assigned to the 
     descendant under subsection (a) may arrange for a local 
     contract care coordinator to coordinate care for the 
     descendant from sources other than a facility of the 
     Department.
       ``(2) Oversight.--Each care coordinator who arranges for a 
     local contract care coordinator under paragraph (1) shall 
     oversee the local contract care coordinator, including 
     through home visits required by subsection (b)(3).
       ``(d) Performance and Effectiveness.--Each director of a 
     facility of the Department at which a care coordinator 
     assigned under subsection (a) is located shall be responsible 
     for the performance and effectiveness of the care 
     coordinator.

     ``Sec. 1833. Duration of health care and benefits provided

       ``The Secretary shall provide an eligible descendant with 
     health care and benefits under this chapter--
       ``(1) for the duration of the life of the descendant; and
       ``(2) notwithstanding any death of a parent of the 
     descendant that precedes the death of the descendant.

     ``Sec. 1834. Applicability of certain administrative 
       provisions

       ``(a) Applicability of Certain Provisions Relating to 
     Compensation.--The provisions of this title specified in 
     subsection (b) apply with respect to benefits and assistance 
     under this chapter in the same manner as those provisions 
     apply to compensation paid under chapter 11 of this title.
       ``(b) Specified Provisions.--The provisions of this title 
     referred to in subsection (a) are the following:
       ``(1) Section 5101(c).
       ``(2) Subsections (a), (b)(3), (g), and (i) of section 
     5110.
       ``(3) Section 5111.
       ``(4) Subsection (a) and paragraphs (1), (6), (9), and (10) 
     of subsection (b) of section 5112.

     ``Sec. 1835. Treatment of receipt of monetary allowance and 
       other benefits

       ``(a) Coordination With Other Benefits Paid to the 
     Recipient.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
     receipt by an individual of a monetary allowance under this 
     chapter shall not impair, infringe, or otherwise affect the 
     right of the individual to receive any other benefit to which 
     the individual is otherwise entitled under any law 
     administered by the Secretary.
       ``(b) Coordination With Benefits Based on Relationship of 
     Recipients.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
     receipt by an individual of a monetary allowance under this 
     chapter shall not impair, infringe, or otherwise affect the 
     right of any other individual to receive any benefit to which 
     such other individual is entitled under any law administered 
     by the Secretary based on the relationship of such other 
     individual to the individual who receives such monetary 
     allowance.
       ``(c) Monetary Allowance Not to Be Considered as Income or 
     Resources for Certain Purposes.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, a monetary allowance paid an individual 
     under this chapter shall not be considered as income or 
     resources in determining eligibility for, or the amount of 
     benefits under, any Federal or federally assisted program.

     ``Sec. 1836. Nonduplication of benefits

       ``(a) Monetary Allowance.--In the case of an eligible 
     descendant under subchapter II of this chapter whose only 
     covered birth defect is spina bifida, a monetary allowance 
     shall be paid under subchapter I of this chapter. In the case 
     of an eligible descendant under subchapter II of this chapter 
     who has spina bifida and one or more additional covered birth 
     defects, a monetary allowance shall be paid under subchapter 
     II of this chapter.
       ``(b) Vocational Training.--An individual may only be 
     provided one program of vocational training under this 
     chapter.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such title is further amended--
       (1) in section 5312, by striking ``1805'' both places it 
     appears and inserting ``1814''; and
       (2) in section 1116B(c), by striking ``has the meaning 
     given such term in section 1821(d) of this title'' and 
     inserting ``means a chemical in a herbicide used in support 
     of United States and allied military operations in or near 
     the Korean demilitarized zone, as determined by the Secretary 
     in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, during the 
     period beginning on September 1, 1967, and ending on August 
     31, 1971''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1859. Ms. WARREN (for herself, Ms. Collins, Mr. King, Mr. Daines, 
Mr. Brown, Mr. Cornyn, Ms. Hassan, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Merkley, Ms. 
McSally, Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Jones, Ms. Klobuchar, Mr. 
Booker, Ms. Baldwin, Ms. Stabenow, Mr. Markey, Mr. Hoeven, and Mr. 
Casey) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by her to the 
bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle F of title V, add the following:

     SEC. 553. RECOGNITION AND HONORING OF SERVICE OF INDIVIDUALS 
                   WHO SERVED IN UNITED STATES CADET NURSE CORPS 
                   DURING WORLD WAR II.

       (a) Determination of Active Military Service.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall be deemed 
     to have determined under subparagraph (A) of section 
     401(a)(1) of the GI Bill Improvement Act of 1977 (Public Law 
     95-202; 38 U.S.C. 106 note) that the service of the 
     organization known as the United States Cadet Nurse Corps 
     during the period beginning on July 1, 1943, and ending on 
     December 31, 1948, constitutes active military service.
       (2) Issuance of discharge.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, 
     pursuant to subparagraph (B) of such section, issue to each 
     member of such organization a discharge from service of such 
     organization under honorable conditions where the nature and 
     duration of the service of such member so warrants.
       (b) Benefits.--
       (1) Status as a veteran.--Except as otherwise provided in 
     this subsection, an individual who receives a discharge under 
     subsection (a)(2) for service shall be honored as a veteran 
     but shall not be entitled by reason of such service to any 
     benefit under a law administered by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs.
       (2) Burial benefits.--Service for which an individual 
     receives a discharge under subsection (a)(2) shall be 
     considered service in the active military, naval, or air 
     service (as defined in section 101 of title 38, United States 
     Code) for purposes of eligibility and

[[Page S3385]]

     entitlement to benefits under chapters 23 and 24 of title 38, 
     United States Code (other than section 2410 of that title).
       (3) Medals or other commendations.--The Secretary of 
     Defense may design and produce a service medal or other 
     commendation to honor individuals who receive a discharge 
     under subsection (a)(2).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1860. Ms. WARREN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title V, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. RESCISSION OF MEDALS OF HONOR AWARDED FOR ACTS AT 
                   WOUNDED KNEE CREEK ON DECEMBER 29, 1890.

       (a) In General.--Each Medal of Honor awarded for acts at 
     Wounded Knee Creek, Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 
     South Dakota, on December 29, 1890, is rescinded.
       (b) Medal of Honor Roll.--The Secretary concerned shall 
     remove the name of each individual awarded a Medal of Honor 
     for acts described in subsection (a) from the Army, Navy, Air 
     Force, and Coast Guard Medal of Honor Roll maintained under 
     section 1134a of title 10, United States Code.
       (c) Return of Medal Not Required.--No person may be 
     required to return to the Federal Government a Medal of Honor 
     rescinded under subsection (a).
       (d) No Denial of Benefits.--This Act shall not be construed 
     to deny any individual any benefit from the Federal 
     Government.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1861. Mr. REED (for himself and Mr. Tester) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. __. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VETERANS AND SURVIVING SPOUSES 
                   AND DEPENDENTS.

       (a) Availability of Legal Assistance at Facilities of 
     Department of Veterans Affairs.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 59 of title 38, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department 
       facilities

       ``(a) In General.--Not less frequently than three times 
     each year, the Secretary shall facilitate the provision by a 
     qualified legal assistance clinic of pro bono legal 
     assistance described in subsection (c) to eligible 
     individuals at not fewer than one medical center of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs, or such other facility of the 
     Department as the Secretary considers appropriate, in each 
     State.
       ``(b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, 
     an eligible individual is--
       ``(1) any veteran;
       ``(2) any surviving spouse; or
       ``(3) any child of a veteran who has died.
       ``(c) Pro Bono Legal Assistance Described.--The pro bono 
     legal assistance described in this subsection is the 
     following:
       ``(1) Legal assistance with any program administered by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(2) Legal assistance associated with--
       ``(A) improving the status of a military discharge or 
     characterization of service in the Armed Forces, including 
     through a discharge review board; or
       ``(B) seeking a review of a military record before a board 
     of correction for military or naval records.
       ``(3) Such other legal assistance as the Secretary--
       ``(A) considers appropriate; and
       ``(B) determines may be needed by eligible individuals.
       ``(d) Limitation on Use of Facilities.--Space in a medical 
     center or facility designated under subsection (a) shall be 
     reserved for and may only be used by the following, subject 
     to review and removal from participation by the Secretary:
       ``(1) A veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
     organization.
       ``(2) A legal assistance clinic associated with an 
     accredited law school.
       ``(3) A legal services organization.
       ``(4) A bar association.
       ``(5) Such other attorneys and entities as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(e) Legal Assistance in Rural Areas.--In carrying out 
     this section, the Secretary shall ensure that pro bono legal 
     assistance is provided under subsection (a) in rural areas.
       ``(f) Definition of Veterans Service Organization.--The 
     term `veterans service organization' means any organization 
     recognized by the Secretary for the representation of 
     veterans under section 5902 of this title.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 59 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new item:

``5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities.''.
       (b) Pilot Program to Establish and Support Legal Assistance 
     Clinics.--
       (1) Pilot program required.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
     shall establish a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
     advisability of awarding grants to eligible entities to 
     establish new legal assistance clinics, or enhance existing 
     legal assistance clinics or other pro bono efforts, for the 
     provision of pro bono legal assistance described in 
     subsection (c) of section 5906 of title 38, United States 
     Code, as added by subsection (a), on a year-round basis to 
     individuals who served in the Armed Forces, including 
     individuals who served in a reserve component of the Armed 
     Forces, and who were discharged or released therefrom, 
     regardless of the conditions of such discharge or release, at 
     locations other than medical centers and facilities described 
     in subsection (a) of such section.
       (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in subparagraph (A) 
     shall be construed to limit or affect--
       (i) the provision of pro bono legal assistance to eligible 
     individuals at medical centers and facilities of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs under section 5906(a) of title 
     38, United States Code, as added by subsection (a); or
       (ii) any other legal assistance provided pro bono at 
     medical centers or facilities of the Department as of the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of the pilot program, 
     an eligible entity is--
       (A) a veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
     organization specifically focused on assisting veterans;
       (B) an entity specifically focused on assisting veterans 
     and associated with an accredited law school;
       (C) a legal services organization or bar association; or
       (D) such other type of entity as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
       (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall ensure that at least 
     one grant is awarded under paragraph (1)(A) to at least one 
     eligible entity in each State, if the Secretary determines 
     that there is such an entity in a State that has applied for, 
     and meets requirements for the award of, such a grant.
       (4) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program during the five-year period beginning on the date on 
     which the Secretary establishes the pilot program.
       (5) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
     the pilot program shall submit to the Secretary an 
     application therefor at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the Secretary may require.
       (6) Selection.--The Secretary shall select eligible 
     entities who submit applications under paragraph (5) for the 
     award of grants under the pilot program using a competitive 
     process that takes into account the following:
       (A) Capacity of the applicant entity to serve veterans and 
     ability of the entity to provide sound legal advice.
       (B) Demonstrated need of the veteran population the 
     applicant entity would serve.
       (C) Demonstrated need of the applicant entity for 
     assistance from the grants.
       (D) Geographic diversity of applicant entities.
       (E) Such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (7) Grantee reports.--Each recipient of a grant under the 
     pilot program shall, in accordance with such criteria as the 
     Secretary may establish, submit to the Secretary a report on 
     the activities of the recipient and how the grant amounts 
     were used.
       (c) Review of Pro Bono Eligibility of Federal Workers.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, in consultation with 
     the Attorney General and the Director of the Office of 
     Government Ethics, conduct a review of the rules and 
     regulations governing the circumstances under which attorneys 
     employed by the Federal Government can provide pro bono legal 
     assistance.
       (2) Recommendations.--In conducting the review required by 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop recommendations 
     for such legislative or administrative action as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate to facilitate greater 
     participation by Federal employees in pro bono legal and 
     other volunteer services for veterans.
       (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress--
       (A) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
     review conducted under paragraph (1); and
       (B) the recommendations developed by the Secretary under 
     paragraph (2).
       (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the status of 
     the implementation of this section.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--

[[Page S3386]]

       (A) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Veterans service organization.--The term ``veterans 
     service organization'' means any organization recognized by 
     the Secretary for the representation of veterans under 
     section 5902 of title 38, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1862. Mr. REED submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title X of division A, add the 
     following:

     SEC. 1035. ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COMBATING THE FINANCING 
                   OF TERRORISM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Treasury, in 
     cooperation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Director of National Intelligence, and the head 
     of any other relevant Federal department or agency shall--
       (1) develop United States Government-wide indicators--
       (A) to more systematically assess the impact of and improve 
     anti-money laundering and combating the financing of 
     terrorism assistance and capacity building efforts with 
     foreign allies and partners;
       (B) to improve internal government coordination across 
     relevant Federal departments and agencies; and
       (C) to assess and improve coordination and cooperation with 
     allies and partners regarding anti-money laundering and 
     combating the financing of terrorism efforts; and
       (2) identify any additional authorities or resources 
     required to carry out paragraph (1).
       (b) Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Director of National Intelligence, and 
     appropriate departments and agencies, shall submit a plan for 
     carrying out subsection (a) to the Committee on Banking, 
     Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the Senate, the Select Committee on Intelligence 
     of the Senate, the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, 
     the Committee on Financial Services of the House of 
     Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
     House of Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives, the Permanent Select Committee 
     on Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the 
     Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.
       (c) Report.--The Secretary of the Treasury, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Director of National Intelligence, and the heads of other 
     appropriate Federal departments and agencies, shall include, 
     in the first National Strategy for Combating Terrorist and 
     Other Illicit Financing issued after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, a description of--
       (1) the status of the development and adoption of 
     government-wide indicators referred to in subsection (a)(1); 
     and
       (2) any additional authorities or resources required to 
     carry out subsection (a)(1).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1863. Mr. REED submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. PROVISION OF ASSISTANCE BY COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN 
                   INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES TO ALLIES AND 
                   PARTNERS WITH RESPECT TO REVIEWING FOREIGN 
                   INVESTMENT.

       Section 721(c)(3) of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 
     U.S.C. 4565(c)(3)) is amended--
       (1) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--The chairperson, in the discretion of 
     the chairperson and in consultation with other members of the 
     Committee, should, to protect the national security of the 
     United States and countries that are allies or partners of 
     the United States, establish a formal process for--
       ``(i) the exchange of information under paragraph (2)(C) 
     with the governments of such countries; and
       ``(ii) the provision of assistance to those countries with 
     respect to--

       ``(I) reviewing foreign investment transactions in such 
     countries;
       ``(II) determining the beneficial ownership of parties to 
     such transactions; and
       ``(III) identifying trends in investment and technology 
     that could pose risks to the national security of the United 
     States and such countries.''; and

       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (iv); and
       (C) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
       ``(iii) provide for the provision of assistance to support 
     those countries to review foreign investment transactions in 
     such countries and determine the beneficial ownership of the 
     parties to such transactions; and''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1864. Mr. REED (for himself, Mr. Tester, and Mr. Whitehouse) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 
4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. ENHANCEMENTS TO PROTECTIONS ACCORDED SERVICEMEMBERS 
                   WITH RESPECT TO RESIDENTIAL LEASES.

       (a) Termination of Residential Leases.--
       (1) In general.--Section 305 of the Servicemembers Civil 
     Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; or''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) in the case of a lease described in subsection (b)(1) 
     and subparagraph (C) of such subsection, the date the lessee 
     is assigned to or otherwise relocates to quarters or a 
     housing facility as described in such subparagraph.''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)(1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; or''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) the lease is executed by or on behalf of a person who 
     thereafter and during the term of the lease is assigned to or 
     otherwise relocates to quarters of the United States or a 
     housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed 
     service (as defined in section 101 of title 37, United States 
     Code), including housing provided under the Military Housing 
     Privatization Initiative.''.
       (2) Manner of termination.--Subsection (c)(1) of such 
     section is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``in the case of a lease described in 
     subsection (b)(1) and subparagraph (A) or (B) of such 
     subsection,'' before ``by delivery''; and
       (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
     and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
     subparagraph (B):
       ``(B) in the case of a lease described in subsection (b)(1) 
     and subparagraph (C) of such subsection, by delivery by the 
     lessee of written notice of such termination, and a letter 
     from the servicemember's commanding officer indicating that 
     the servicemember has been assigned to or is otherwise 
     relocating to quarters of the United States or a housing 
     facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service (as 
     defined in section 101 of title 37, United States Code), to 
     the lessor (or the lessor's grantee), or to the lessor's 
     agent (or the agent's grantee); and''.
       (b) Definition of Military Orders, Continental United 
     States, and Permanent Change of Station for Purposes of 
     Act.--
       (1) Transfer of definitions.--Such Act is further amended 
     by transferring paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 
     305(i) (50 U.S.C. 3955(i)) to the end of section 101 (50 
     U.S.C. 3911) and redesignating such paragraphs, as so 
     transferred, as paragraphs (10), (11), and (12), 
     respectively.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Such Act is further amended--
       (A) in section 305 (50 U.S.C. 3955), as amended by 
     paragraph (1), by striking subsection (i); and
       (B) in section 705 (50 U.S.C. 4025), by striking ``or 
     naval'' both places it appears.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1865. Mr. REED submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X of division A, insert 
     the following:

     SEC. __. FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN DESIGNATION ACT.

       (a) Impact Assessments.--Section 804 of the Foreign 
     Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (21 U.S.C. 1903) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

[[Page S3387]]

       ``(j) Assessments.--
       ``(1) Establishment of measures.--The Secretary of the 
     Treasury, in consultation with relevant Federal departments 
     and agencies, shall establish measures for assessing the 
     impact of the public identification of foreign persons 
     subject to sanctions under subsection (b).
       ``(2) Assessments.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
     of the enactment of this subsection, and every 4 years 
     thereafter, the Secretary of the Treasury shall conduct an 
     impact assessment, based on the measures established pursuant 
     to paragraph (1), that--
       ``(A) measures the effectiveness of information sharing 
     among foreign allies and partners to enhance the 
     effectiveness of the public identifications under subsection 
     (b);
       ``(B) analyzes efforts to enhance partner capacity to 
     implement this chapter; and
       ``(C) includes recommendations on how to improve the 
     effectiveness of the sanctions pursuant to this chapter.''.
       (b) Monitoring.--Section 805(e)(1) of such Act (21 U.S.C. 
     1904(e)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
     subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) routine monitoring of the impact of sanctions under 
     this chapter.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1866. Mr. REED (for himself and Ms. Klobuchar) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. INFORMATION LITERACY COMMISSION.

       (a) Establishment of Information Literacy Commission.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this section--
       (A) the term ``Co-Chairs'' means the Co-Chairs of the 
     Commission;
       (B) the term ``Commission'' means the Information Literacy 
     Commission established under this section; and
       (C) the term ``information literacy'' means the set of 
     skills needed to find, retrieve, understand, evaluate, 
     analyze, and effectively use information (which encompasses 
     spoken and broadcast words and videos, printed materials, and 
     digital content, data, and images).
       (2) Establishment.--There is established a commission to be 
     known as the ``Information Literacy Commission''.
       (3) Purpose.--The Commission shall serve to improve the 
     information literacy of servicemembers and their families and 
     other persons in the United States through the development of 
     national strategies and best practices to promote information 
     literacy.
       (b) Composition of the Commission.--
       (1) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed of the 
     following:
       (A) The Secretary of Defense, the Director of the Institute 
     of Museum and Library Services, the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of 
     Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of State, the 
     Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
     Development, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Administrator 
     of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Chairman of the 
     Federal Communications Commission, the Chairman of the 
     Federal Trade Commission, the Commissioner of the Social 
     Security Administration, the United States Trade 
     Representative, the Director of the Office of Management and 
     Budget, the Director of the Consumer Financial Protection 
     Bureau, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, 
     and the Librarian of Congress.
       (B) The heads of other Federal agencies, determined 
     appropriate by the Co-Chairs.
       (C) Six non-Federal representatives who each have expertise 
     and experience in information literacy (including evaluating 
     and verifying information) to be appointed by the Co-Chairs 
     of the Commission, three of whom shall be librarians, 
     including those from the education and information science 
     fields, and three of whom shall be selected from military 
     service organizations and veteran service organizations.
       (2) Alternates.--Each member of the Commission may 
     designate an alternate if the member is unable to attend a 
     meeting of the Commission. Such alternate shall be an 
     individual who exercises significant decisionmaking 
     authority.
       (3) Co-chairs.--The Secretary of Defense and the Director 
     of the Institute of Museum and Library Services shall serve 
     as Co-Chairs of the Commission.
       (c) Meetings.--The Commission shall hold, at the call of 
     the Co-Chairs, at least 1 meeting every 4 months. All such 
     meetings shall be open to the public. The Commission may 
     hold, at the call of the Co-Chairs, such other meetings as 
     the Co-Chairs see fit to carry out this section.
       (d) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Commission 
     shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may 
     hold hearings.
       (e) Initial Meeting.--The Commission shall hold its first 
     meeting not later than 120 days after the date of enactment 
     of this section.
       (f) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The Commission shall take actions as it 
     determines necessary to improve and increase access to 
     information literacy skills and instruction so that 
     servicemembers and their families, veterans, children, 
     students, adults, and seniors can gain the tools needed to 
     think critically about information.
       (2) Development of policies, materials, and strategies.--
     The Commission shall develop policies, instructional 
     materials, and national strategies on information literacy--
       (A) to address the lack of access to information literacy 
     education and tools, which may not be fully integrated or 
     taught in schools, the workplace, and other aspects of life; 
     and
       (B) to address the ever-changing sources of information and 
     the constant evolution of how information is consumed and 
     utilized so that all Americans have the tools to make 
     informed decisions about their lives.
       (3) Website and toolkits.--
       (A) In general.--The Commission shall--
       (i) establish and maintain a website with the domain name 
     ``InformationLiteracy.gov'', or a similar domain name; and
       (ii) create toolkits specially designed and targeted at 
     different audiences, including servicemembers and their 
     families, veterans, children, students, adults, and seniors, 
     to help them understand, evaluate, and discern the 
     reliability and accuracy of information.
       (B) Purposes.--The website established under subparagraph 
     (A) shall--
       (i) disseminate best practices on information literacy;
       (ii) serve as a clearinghouse of information about 
     information literacy programs;
       (iii) provide a coordinated entry point for accessing 
     information about Federal publications, grants, and materials 
     promoting enhanced information literacy;
       (iv) offer information on Federal grants to promote 
     information literacy, and on how to target, apply for, and 
     receive a grant that is most appropriate under the 
     circumstances;
       (v) as the Commission considers appropriate, feature 
     website links to efforts that have no commercial content and 
     that feature information about information literacy and 
     education programs, materials, or campaigns; and
       (vi) offer such other information as the Commission finds 
     appropriate to share with the public in the fulfillment of 
     its purpose.
       (4) Emphasis.--In carrying out this section, the Commission 
     shall emphasize, at a minimum--
       (A) how to find, retrieve, understand, evaluate, analyze, 
     and effectively use information;
       (B) how to distinguish accurate information from non-
     creditable, unverified, and partial information;
       (C) how to avoid abusive, predatory, deceptive, and 
     fraudulent information, scams, and claims; and
       (D) how to equip learners at every level with strategies 
     and tools, such as a questioning approach, in order to solve 
     problems and to frame problems in ways that will assist them 
     in meeting expectations in the classroom, on the battlefield, 
     at the workplace, and in life as a whole.
       (g) Development and Dissemination.--The Commission shall--
       (1) develop materials to promote information literacy; and
       (2) disseminate such materials to the general public.
       (h) Coordination of Efforts and National Strategies.--The 
     Commission shall take such steps as are necessary to target 
     and meet the needs of different audiences, including 
     servicemembers and their families, veterans, children, 
     students, adults, and seniors, including to--
       (1) coordinate information literacy efforts at the State 
     and local level, including promoting partnerships among 
     Federal, State, local, and Tribal governments, military 
     service organizations, veteran service organizations, 
     nonprofit organizations, and private enterprises; and
       (2) develop and implement national strategies to promote 
     information literacy that would utilize the partnerships 
     described in paragraph (1), as appropriate, and provide for--
       (A) the development of methods to increase information 
     literacy;
       (B) the enhancement of the general understanding of 
     information literacy; and
       (C) the review of Federal activities designed to promote 
     information literacy and development of a plan to improve 
     coordination of such activities.
       (i) Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
     the first meeting of the Commission, and annually thereafter, 
     the Commission shall issue a report on strategies for 
     assuring information literacy to the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives on the progress of the 
     Commission in carrying out this section.
       (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include--
       (A) information concerning the implementation of the duties 
     of the Commission under subsection (f);
       (B) an assessment of the success of the Commission in 
     implementing the targeted

[[Page S3388]]

     national strategies developed under subsection (h);
       (C) an assessment of the availability, utilization, and 
     impact of Federal information literacy materials;
       (D) information concerning the content and public use of--
       (i) the website established under subsection (f)(3)(A)(i); 
     and
       (ii) the toolkits established under subsection 
     (f)(3)(A)(ii);
       (E) a brief survey of the information literacy materials 
     developed under subsection (g), and data regarding the 
     dissemination and impact of such materials;
       (F) a brief summary of any hearings conducted by the 
     Commission, including a list of witnesses who testified at 
     such hearings;
       (G) information about the activities of the Commission 
     planned for the next fiscal year;
       (H) a summary of all information literacy activities 
     targeted to underserved communities; and
       (I) such other materials relating to the duties of the 
     Commission as the Commission determines appropriate.
       (3) Initial report.--The initial report under paragraph (1) 
     shall include information regarding all Federal programs, 
     materials, and grants which seek to improve information 
     literacy, and assess the effectiveness of such programs.
       (j) Powers of the Commission.--
       (1) Hearings.--
       (A) In general.--The Commission shall hold such hearings, 
     sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, 
     and receive such evidence as the Commission deems appropriate 
     to carry out this section.
       (B) Participation.--In hearings held under this subsection, 
     the Commission shall consider inviting witnesses from, among 
     other groups--
       (i) other Federal Government officials;
       (ii) State, local, and Tribal government officials;
       (iii) military service organizations;
       (iv) veteran service organizations;
       (v) information literacy experts, including librarians, 
     educators, and behavioral and data scientists;
       (vi) consumer and community groups; and
       (vii) nonprofit information literacy groups.
       (2) Information from federal agencies.--The Commission may 
     secure directly from any Federal department or agency such 
     information as the Commission considers necessary to carry 
     out this section. Upon request of the Co-Chairs, the head of 
     such department or agency shall furnish such information to 
     the Commission.
       (3) Periodic studies.--The Commission may conduct periodic 
     studies regarding the state of information literacy in the 
     United States, as the Commission determines appropriate.
       (4) Multilingual.--The Commission may take any action to 
     develop and promote information literacy and education 
     materials in languages other than English, as the Commission 
     determines appropriate, including for the website established 
     under subsection (f)(3)(A)(i), the toolkits established under 
     subsection (f)(3)(A)(ii), and the materials developed and 
     disseminated under subsection (g).
       (5) Arrangements.--The Commission may enter into 
     arrangements, including interagency agreements, grants, 
     contracts, and cooperative agreements with entities that the 
     Co-Chairs determine appropriate.
       (k) Commission Personnel Matters.--
       (1) Compensation of members.--Each member of the Commission 
     shall serve without compensation in addition to that received 
     for their service as an officer or employee of the United 
     States.
       (2) Travel expenses.--The members of the Commission shall 
     be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
     subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies 
     under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
     Code, while away from their homes or regular places of 
     business in the performance of services for the Commission.
       (3) Assistance.--
       (A) In general.--The Department of Defense shall provide 
     assistance to the Commission, upon request of the Commission, 
     without reimbursement.
       (B) Detail of government employees.--Any Federal Government 
     employee may be detailed to the Commission without 
     reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption 
     or loss of civil service status or privilege.
       (4) Space for use of commission.--Not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this section, the 
     Administrator of General Services, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall identify and make available 
     suitable excess space within the Federal space inventory to 
     house the operations of the Commission. If the Administrator 
     is not able to make such suitable excess space available 
     within such 90-day period, the Commission may lease space to 
     the extent the funds are available.
       (5) Contracting authority.--The Commission may acquire 
     administrative supplies and equipment for Commission use to 
     the extent funds are available.
       (l) Executive Director and Staff.--
       (1) Executive director.--The Commission shall appoint and 
     fix the rate of basic pay for an Executive Director in 
     accordance with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code.
       (2) Staff.--The Executive Director, with the approval of 
     the Commission, may appoint and fix the rate of basic pay for 
     additional personnel as staff of the Commission in accordance 
     with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code.
       (m) Studies by Comptroller General.--Not later than 3 years 
     after the date of enactment of this section, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit a report to 
     Congress assessing the effectiveness of the Commission in 
     promoting information literacy.
       (n) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Commission such sums as may be 
     necessary to carry out this section, including administrative 
     expenses of the Commission.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1867. Mr. REED (for himself, Mr. Inhofe, Mr. Jones, Mrs. Hyde-
Smith, and Mr. Moran) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. 10__. ESTABLISHED PROGRAM TO STIMULATE COMPETITIVE 
                   RESEARCH.

       Section 2203(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 
     13503(b)) is amended by striking paragraph (3) and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(3) Established program to stimulate competitive 
     research.--
       ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
       ``(i) Eligible jurisdiction.--The term `eligible 
     jurisdiction' means a State that is determined to be eligible 
     for a grant under this paragraph in accordance with 
     subparagraph (D).
       ``(ii) EPSCoR.--The term `EPSCoR' means the Established 
     Program to Stimulate Competitive Research operated under 
     subparagraph (B).
       ``(iii) National laboratory.--The term `National 
     Laboratory' has the meaning given the term in section 2 of 
     the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).
       ``(iv) State.--The term `State' means--

       ``(I) a State;
       ``(II) the District of Columbia;
       ``(III) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
       ``(IV) Guam; and
       ``(V) the United States Virgin Islands.

       ``(B) Program operation.--The Secretary shall operate an 
     Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.
       ``(C) Objectives.--The objectives of EPSCoR shall be--
       ``(i) to increase the number of researchers in eligible 
     jurisdictions, especially at institutions of higher 
     education, capable of performing nationally competitive 
     science and engineering research in support of the mission of 
     the Department of Energy in the areas of applied energy 
     research, environmental management, and basic science;
       ``(ii) to improve science and engineering research and 
     education programs at institutions of higher education in 
     eligible jurisdictions and enhance the capabilities of 
     eligible jurisdictions to develop, plan, and execute research 
     that is competitive, including through investing in research 
     equipment and instrumentation; and
       ``(iii) to increase the probability of long-term growth of 
     competitive funding to eligible jurisdictions.
       ``(D) Eligible jurisdictions.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may establish criteria for 
     determining whether a State is eligible for a grant under 
     this paragraph.
       ``(ii) Requirement.--Except as provided in clause (iii), in 
     establishing criteria under clause (i), the Secretary shall 
     ensure that a State is eligible for a grant under this 
     paragraph if the State, as determined by the Secretary, is a 
     State that--

       ``(I) historically has received relatively little Federal 
     research and development funding; and
       ``(II) has demonstrated a commitment--

       ``(aa) to develop the research bases in the State; and
       ``(bb) to improve science and engineering research and 
     education programs at institutions of higher education in the 
     State.
       ``(iii) Eligibility under nsf epscor.--At the election of 
     the Secretary, or if the Secretary determines not to 
     establish criteria under clause (i), a State is eligible for 
     a grant under this paragraph if the State is eligible to 
     receive funding under the Established Program to Stimulate 
     Competitive Research of the National Science Foundation.
       ``(E) Grants in areas of applied energy research, 
     environmental management, and basic science.--
       ``(i) In general.--EPSCoR shall make grants to eligible 
     jurisdictions to carry out and support applied energy 
     research and research in all areas of environmental 
     management and basic science sponsored by the Department of 
     Energy, including--

       ``(I) energy efficiency, fossil energy, renewable energy, 
     and other applied energy research;
       ``(II) electricity delivery research;
       ``(III) cybersecurity, energy security, and emergency 
     response;
       ``(IV) environmental management; and
       ``(V) basic science research.

       ``(ii) Activities.--EPSCoR shall make grants under this 
     subparagraph for activities consistent with the objectives 
     described in

[[Page S3389]]

     subparagraph (C) in the areas of applied energy research, 
     environmental management, and basic science described in 
     clause (i), including--

       ``(I) to support research that is carried out in 
     partnership with the National Laboratories;
       ``(II) to provide for graduate traineeships;
       ``(III) to support research by early career faculty; and
       ``(IV) to improve research capabilities through biennial 
     research implementation grants.

       ``(iii) No cost sharing.--EPSCoR shall not impose any cost-
     sharing requirement with respect to a grant made under this 
     subparagraph, but may require letters of commitment from 
     National Laboratories.
       ``(F) Other activities.--EPSCoR may carry out such 
     activities as may be necessary to meet the objectives 
     described in subparagraph (C) in the areas of applied energy 
     research, environmental management, and basic science 
     described in subparagraph (E)(i).
       ``(G) Program implementation.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
     of enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Energy and Natural Resources and Appropriations 
     of the Senate and the Committees on Energy and Commerce and 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives a plan 
     describing how the Secretary shall implement EPSCoR.
       ``(ii) Contents of plan.--The plan described in clause (i) 
     shall include a description of--

       ``(I) the management structure of EPSCoR, which shall 
     ensure that all research areas and activities described in 
     this paragraph are incorporated into EPSCoR;
       ``(II) efforts to conduct outreach to inform eligible 
     jurisdictions and faculty of changes to, and opportunities 
     under, EPSCoR;
       ``(III) how EPSCoR plans to increase engagement with 
     eligible jurisdictions, faculty, and State committees, 
     including by holding regular workshops, to increase 
     participation in EPSCoR; and
       ``(IV) any other issues relating to EPSCoR that the 
     Secretary determines appropriate.

       ``(H) Program evaluation.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary shall contract with a 
     federally funded research and development center, the 
     National Academy of Sciences, or a similar organization to 
     carry out an assessment of the effectiveness of EPSCoR, 
     including an assessment of--

       ``(I) the tangible progress made towards achieving the 
     objectives described in subparagraph (C);
       ``(II) the impact of research supported by EPSCoR on the 
     mission of the Department of Energy; and
       ``(III) any other issues relating to EPSCoR that the 
     Secretary determines appropriate.

       ``(ii) Limitation.--The organization with which the 
     Secretary contracts under clause (i) shall not be a National 
     Laboratory.
       ``(iii) Report.--Not later than 6 years after the date of 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Energy and Natural Resources and Appropriations 
     of the Senate and the Committees on Energy and Commerce and 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report 
     describing the results of the assessment carried out under 
     clause (i), including recommendations for improvements that 
     would enable the Secretary to achieve the objectives 
     described in subparagraph (C).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1868. Mr. REED (for himself, Ms. Collins, Mr. Jones, and Mr. 
Cramer) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the 
bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. CYBERSECURITY TRANSPARENCY.

       The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.) 
     is amended by inserting after section 14B (15 U.S.C. 78n-2) 
     the following:

     ``SEC. 14C. CYBERSECURITY TRANSPARENCY.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
       ``(1) the term `cybersecurity' means any action, step, or 
     measure to detect, prevent, deter, mitigate, or address any 
     cybersecurity threat or any potential cybersecurity threat;
       ``(2) the term `cybersecurity threat'--
       ``(A) means an action, not protected by the First Amendment 
     to the Constitution of the United States, on or through an 
     information system that may result in an unauthorized effort 
     to adversely impact the security, availability, 
     confidentiality, or integrity of an information system or 
     information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an 
     information system; and
       ``(B) does not include any action that solely involves a 
     violation of a consumer term of service or a consumer 
     licensing agreement;
       ``(3) the term `information system'--
       ``(A) has the meaning given the term in section 3502 of 
     title 44, United States Code; and
       ``(B) includes industrial control systems, such as 
     supervisory control and data acquisition systems, distributed 
     control systems, and programmable logic controllers;
       ``(4) the term `NIST' means the National Institute of 
     Standards and Technology; and
       ``(5) the term `reporting company' means any company that 
     is an issuer--
       ``(A) the securities of which are registered under section 
     12; or
       ``(B) that is required to file reports under section 15(d).
       ``(b) Requirement To Issue Rules.--Not later than 360 days 
     after the date of enactment of this section, the Commission 
     shall issue final rules to require each reporting company, in 
     the annual report of the reporting company submitted under 
     section 13 or section 15(d) or in the annual proxy statement 
     of the reporting company submitted under section 14(a)--
       ``(1) to disclose whether any member of the governing body, 
     such as the board of directors or general partner, of the 
     reporting company has expertise or experience in 
     cybersecurity and in such detail as necessary to fully 
     describe the nature of the expertise or experience; and
       ``(2) if no member of the governing body of the reporting 
     company has expertise or experience in cybersecurity, to 
     describe what other aspects of the reporting company's 
     cybersecurity were taken into account by any person, such as 
     an official serving on a nominating committee, that is 
     responsible for identifying and evaluating nominees for 
     membership to the governing body.
       ``(c) Cybersecurity Expertise or Experience.--For purposes 
     of subsection (b), the Commission, in consultation with NIST, 
     shall define what constitutes expertise or experience in 
     cybersecurity using commonly defined roles, specialties, 
     knowledge, skills, and abilities, such as those provided in 
     NIST Special Publication 800-181, entitled `National 
     Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) Cybersecurity 
     Workforce Framework', or any successor thereto.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1869. Mr. REED submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON IDENTIFYING AND ADDRESSING 
                   THREATS THAT INDIVIDUALLY OR COLLECTIVELY 
                   AFFECT NATIONAL SECURITY, FINANCIAL SECURITY, 
                   OR BOTH.

       (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National 
     Intelligence, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
     Treasury in the Secretary's capacity as the Chair of the 
     Financial Stability Oversight Council and the heads of other 
     relevant departments and agencies, shall seek to enter into a 
     contract with a federally funded research and development 
     center under which the center will conduct a study on 
     identifying and addressing threats that individually or 
     collectively affect national security, financial security, or 
     both.
       (b) Elements of Study.--In carrying out the study referred 
     to in subsection (a), the selected Federally funded research 
     and development center shall be contractually obligated to --
       (1) identify threats that individually or collectively 
     affect national security, financial security, or both, 
     including--
       (A) foreign entities and governments acquiring financial 
     interests in domestic companies that have access to critical 
     or sensitive national security materials, technologies, or 
     information;
       (B) other currencies being used in lieu of the United 
     States Dollar in international transactions;
       (C) foreign influence in companies seeking to access 
     capital markets by conducting initial public offerings in 
     other countries;
       (D) the use of financial instruments, markets, payment 
     systems, or digital assets in ways that appear legitimate but 
     may be part of a foreign malign strategy to weaken or 
     undermine the economic security of the United States;
       (E) the use of entities, such as corporations, companies, 
     limited liability companies, limited partnerships, business 
     trusts, business associations, or other similar entities to 
     obscure or hide the foreign beneficial owner of such 
     entities; and
       (F) any other known or potential threats that individually 
     or collectively affect national security, financial security, 
     or both currently or in the foreseeable future.
       (2) assess the extent to which the United States Government 
     is currently able to identify and characterize the threats 
     identified under paragraph (1);
       (3) assess the extent to which the United States Government 
     is currently able to mitigate the risk posed by the threats 
     identified under paragraph (1);
       (4) assess whether current levels of information sharing 
     and cooperation between the United States Government and 
     allies and partners has been helpful or can be improved

[[Page S3390]]

     upon in order for the United States Government to identify, 
     characterize, and mitigate the threats identified under 
     paragraph (1); and
       (5) recommend opportunities, and any such authorities or 
     resources required, to improve the efficiency and 
     effectiveness of the United States Government in identifying 
     the threats identified under paragraph (1) and mitigating the 
     risk posed by such threats.
       (c) Submission to Director of National Intelligence.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the federally funded research and development center 
     selected to conduct the study under subsection (a) shall 
     submit to the Director of National Intelligence a report on 
     the results of the study in both classified and unclassified 
     form.
       (d) Submission to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
     which the Director of National Intelligence receives the 
     report under subsection (c), the Director shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress an unaltered copy of the 
     report in both classified and unclassified form, and such 
     comments as the Director, in coordination with the Secretary 
     of Treasury in his capacity as the Chair of the Financial 
     Stability Oversight Council and the heads of other relevant 
     departments and agencies, may have with respect to the 
     report.
       (2) Appropriate committees of congress.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Select Committee 
     on Intelligence, and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
     Urban Affairs of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Financial 
     Services of the House of Representatives.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1870. Mr. REED submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR CORONAVIRUS RELIEF FOR 
                   STATES, TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS, AND LOCAL 
                   COMMUNITIES.

       (a) State & Local Emergency Stabilization Fund.--Title VI 
     of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 602. ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR CORONAVIRUS RELIEF FOR 
                   STATES, TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS, AND LOCAL 
                   COMMUNITIES.

       ``(a) Appropriation.--
       ``(1) In general.--Out of any money in the Treasury of the 
     United States not otherwise appropriated, there are 
     appropriated for making payments under this section to 
     States, Tribal governments, and local communities described 
     in subsection (c)(6), $600,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020. 
     The amount appropriated under this paragraph and paid in 
     accordance with this section shall be in addition to the 
     amount appropriated under subsection (a) of section 601 and 
     paid to States, Tribal governments, and units of local 
     government under that section.
       ``(2) Reservation of funds.--Of the amount appropriated 
     under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall reserve--
       ``(A) $3,000,000,000 of such amount for making payments to 
     United States Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the 
     Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa under subsection 
     (c)(7);
       ``(B) $10,000,000,000 of such amount for making payments to 
     Tribal governments under subsection (c)(8);
       ``(C) $59,000,000,000 of such amount for the portion of the 
     payments made to the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico that is determined under 
     subsection (c)(5); and
       ``(D) $205,000,000,000 of such amount for making payments 
     to local communities under subsection (c)(6).
       ``(b) Deadline for Payments.--The Secretary shall make the 
     payments determined under subsection (c) not later than 15 
     days after the date of enactment of this section.
       ``(c) Payment Amounts.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the amount 
     paid under this section for fiscal year 2020 to a State that 
     is one of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, or the 
     Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, shall be the sum of--
       ``(A) the relative population proportion amount determined 
     for the State under paragraph (3) for such fiscal year; and
       ``(B) the relative coronavirus infection rate proportion 
     amount determined for the State under paragraph (5) for such 
     fiscal year.
       ``(2) Minimum payment.--
       ``(A) In general.--No State that is one of the 50 States, 
     the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
     shall receive a payment under this section for fiscal year 
     2020 that is less than $5,000,000,000.
       ``(B) Pro rata adjustments.--The Secretary shall adjust on 
     a pro rata basis the amount of the payments for each of the 
     50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of 
     Puerto Rico, determined under this subsection without regard 
     to this subparagraph to the extent necessary to comply with 
     the requirements of subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) Relative population proportion amount.--For purposes 
     of paragraph (1)(A), the relative population proportion 
     amount determined under this paragraph for a State for fiscal 
     year 2020 is the product of--
       ``(A) the amount appropriated under subsection (a)(1) for 
     fiscal year 2020 that remains after the application of the 
     reservations made under subsection (a)(2); and
       ``(B) the relative State population proportion (as defined 
     in paragraph (4)) determined for such fiscal year.
       ``(4) Relative state population proportion defined.--For 
     purposes of paragraph (3)(B), the term `relative State 
     population proportion' means, with respect to each of the 50 
     States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of 
     Puerto Rico, the quotient of--
       ``(A) the population of the State, District of Columbia, or 
     Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (as applicable); and
       ``(B) the sum of the populations of each of the 50 States, 
     the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
     Rico.
       ``(5) Relative coronavirus infection rate proportion 
     amount.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), the relative 
     coronavirus infection rate proportion amount determined under 
     this paragraph for each of the 50 States, the District of 
     Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, for fiscal 
     year 2020 is the product of--
       ``(A) the amount reserved under subsection (a)(2)(C); and
       ``(B) the quotient of--
       ``(i) the coronavirus infection rate determined for the 
     State, District of Columbia, or Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
     (as applicable); and
       ``(ii) the sum of the coronavirus infection rates 
     determined for each of the 50 States, the District of 
     Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
       ``(6) Payments to local communities.--
       ``(A) In general.--From the amount reserved under 
     subsection (a)(2)(D), the Secretary shall pay--
       ``(i) 70 percent of the amount so reserved directly to the 
     metropolitan cities and urban counties (as those terms are 
     defined in section 102 of the Housing and Community 
     Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5302)) in the State that 
     received allocations under section 106(b) of the Housing and 
     Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5306(b)) for 
     fiscal year 2019, pursuant to the same formula used to make 
     such allocations under that section for such fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) subject to subparagraph (C), 30 percent of the 
     amount so reserved directly to each of the 50 States, to be 
     distributed by such States upon receipt on a pass-through 
     basis, and without requiring any application, to units of 
     general local government in nonentitlement areas (as such 
     terms are defined in such section 102) in such States, in 
     amounts equal to the relative sum of the populations of such 
     units of general local government in each such State as a 
     proportion of the total population of all such units of 
     general local government in all of the 50 States.
       ``(B) Units of general local government in nonentitlement 
     areas with overlapping populations or consolidated 
     governments.--If two or more units of general local 
     government in nonentitlement areas have overlapping 
     populations or have formed a consolidated government--
       ``(i) the population of the unit of general local 
     government with the largest population among such overlapping 
     populations or that is part of such consolidated government 
     shall be the population used for purposes of determining the 
     amount to be paid directly to a State under clause (ii) of 
     subparagraph (A); and
       ``(ii) the chief executive officer of the State shall 
     distribute the portion of such payment that is based on such 
     population among the units of general local government with 
     such overlapping populations or that are part of such 
     consolidated government, in amounts equal to the relative 
     populations of such units of general local government as a 
     proportion of such payment portion, unless--

       ``(I) the units of general local government involved notify 
     such chief executive officer of their agreement regarding how 
     such payment portion is to be distributed among them, based 
     on the aggregate population of such units of general local 
     government, in which case such chief executive officer shall 
     make distributions in accordance with that agreement; or
       ``(II) in the case of a consolidated government, the 
     consolidated government notifies such chief executive officer 
     of a determination of the consolidated government regarding 
     how such payment portion is to be distributed among the units 
     of local government represented by the consolidated 
     government, based on the aggregate population of such units 
     of general local government, in which case such chief 
     executive officer shall make distributions in accordance with 
     that determination.

       ``(C) Treatment of states not acting as pass-through agents 
     under cdbg.--In the case of a State that has not elected to 
     distribute amounts allocated under section 106(d)(1) of the 
     Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 
     5306(d)(1)), the Secretary shall act in place of the State 
     for purposes of determining the amount of, and distributing 
     on a pass-through basis, and without requiring any 
     application, payments

[[Page S3391]]

     to units of general local government in nonentitlement areas 
     in that State under subparagraph (A)(ii).
       ``(7) Payments to territories.--The amount paid under this 
     section to the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, the 
     Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or American 
     Samoa, shall be the amount equal to the product of--
       ``(A) the amount reserved under subsection (a)(2)(A); and
       ``(B) each such territory's share of the combined total 
     population of all such territories, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(8) Payments to tribal governments.--The amounts paid 
     under this section to Tribal governments from the amount 
     reserved under subsection (a)(2)(B) shall be determined in 
     the same manner as the amounts paid to Tribal governments 
     under section 601(c)(7).
       ``(9) Data.--For purposes of determining--
       ``(A) the population of each of the 50 States, the District 
     of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United 
     States Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
     Mariana Islands, American Samoa, and units of general local 
     government, the Secretary shall use the most recent year for 
     which data are available from the Bureau of the Census; and
       ``(B) the relative coronavirus infection rate proportion 
     amounts under paragraph (5), the Secretary shall use the most 
     recent daily updated data on the number of COVID-19 cases 
     published on the internet by the Centers for Disease Control 
     and Prevention.
       ``(d) Other Provisions.--
       ``(1) In general.--The amounts paid under this section 
     shall be subject to--
       ``(A) the use of funds and oversight requirements of 
     subsections (d) and (f) of section 601 in the same manner as 
     such requirements apply to the amounts paid under that 
     section; and
       ``(B) the definitions of each paragraph of section 601(g) 
     other than paragraph (2) of that section.
       ``(2) IG funding authority.--Notwithstanding section 
     601(f)(3), the Inspector General of the Department of the 
     Treasury may use the amount appropriated under that section 
     to carry out oversight and recoupment activities under this 
     section in addition to the oversight and recoupment 
     activities carried out under section 601(f).
       ``(3) Nonapplication.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
     section, the requirements applicable to the amount 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2020 under section 601(a)(1) (as 
     added by section 5001 of Public Law 116-136) shall not apply 
     to the amount appropriated under subsection (a) of this 
     section for such fiscal year.''.
       (b) Additional Authority to Use Payments to Make up Revenue 
     Shortfalls.--Effective as if included in the enactment of the 
     Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (Public 
     Law 116-136), subsection (d) of section 601 of the Social 
     Security Act, as added by section 5001(a) of the Coronavirus 
     Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(d) Use of Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--A State, Tribal government, and unit of 
     local government may use the funds provided under a payment 
     made under this section for any expenditures during the 
     period that begins on January 1, 2020, and ends on June 30, 
     2022--
       ``(A) to prevent, prepare for, or respond to the public 
     health emergency with respect to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 
     (COVID-19) or the declaration by the President under section 
     401 or 501, respectively, of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
     Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170, 5191) of 
     a major disaster or emergency with respect to COVID-19; or
       ``(B) to provide services, benefits, or assistance, or 
     support programs, projects, and operations, accounted for in 
     the budget for the State, Tribal government, or unit of local 
     government approved for any fiscal year occurring during the 
     period that begins on January 1, 2020, and ends on June 30, 
     2022 (without regard to any relation to the Coronavirus 
     Disease 2019 (COVID-19)).
       ``(2) Non-federal funding.--For the purpose of meeting the 
     non-Federal share requirement of any Federal grant-in-aid 
     program or other form of Federal assistance, including 
     assistance provided under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
     Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) 
     and the Medicaid program established under title XIX, funds 
     provided under a payment made under this section to a State, 
     Tribal government, or unit of local government are deemed to 
     be non-Federal funds.
       ``(3) Limitation.--A State, Tribal government, or unit of 
     local government may not use funds provided under a payment 
     made under this section to provide any kind of tax cut, 
     rebate, deduction, credit, or any other tax benefit, or to 
     reduce or eliminate any fee imposed by the State, Tribal 
     government, or unit of local government, during the period 
     described in paragraph (1).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1871. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. __. TEMPORARY EXEMPTION FROM BUSINESS ACTIVITY TARGETS 
                   FOR 8(A) PARTICIPANTS.

       During the period beginning on the date of enactment of 
     this Act and ending on September 30, 2023, the Administrator 
     of the Small Business Administration may waive the 
     requirements under section 8(a)(7)(A) of the Small Business 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(7)(A)) for small business concerns (as 
     defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     632)) participating in the program under such section 8(a) to 
     attain targeted dollar levels of revenue outside of the 
     program.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1872. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. __. TEMPORARY EXTENSION FOR 8(A) PARTICIPANTS.

       The Administrator of the Small Business Administration 
     shall allow a small business concern (as defined in section 3 
     of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)) participating in 
     the program established under section 8(a) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)) on the date of enactment of 
     this section to extend such participation by a period of 1 
     year.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1873. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. __. DIRECT APPROPRIATIONS FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR 
                   SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS.

       Out of amounts in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, 
     there is appropriated to the Small Business Administration 
     $3,400,000, to remain available until expended, for 
     additional financial assistance authorized under section 7(j) 
     of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(j)) for projects 
     providing technical or management assistance, with special 
     attention to small business concerns (as defined in section 3 
     of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)) located in areas 
     of high concentration of unemployed or low-income 
     individuals.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1874. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. __. INCREASE IN TOTAL SOLE-SOURCE CONTRACT VALUES.

       (a) Qualified Hubzone Small Business Concerns.--Section 
     31(c)(2)(A)(ii) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     657a(c)(2)(A)(ii)) is amended--
       (1) in subclause (I), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$10,000,000''; and
       (2) in subclause (II), by striking ``$3,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$8,000,000''.
       (b) Small Business Concerns Owned and Controlled by 
     Service-disabled Veterans.--Section 36(a)(2) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657f(a)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$10,000,000''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$3,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$8,000,000''.
       (c) Small Business Concerns Owned and Controlled by 
     Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Individuals.--Section 
     8(a)(1)(D)(i)(II) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     637(a)(1)(D)(i)(II)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$10,000,000''; and
       (2) by striking ``$3,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$8,000,000''.
       (d) Certain Small Business Concerns Owned and Controlled by 
     Women.--Section 8(m) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     637(m)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (7)(B)--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``$6,500,000'' and inserting 
     ``$10,000,000''; and
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``$4,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$8,000,000''; and
       (2) in paragraph (8)(B)--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``$6,500,000'' and inserting 
     ``$10,000,000''; and
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``$4,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$8,000,000''.

[[Page S3392]]

  

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1875. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. __. TEMPORARY SOLE-SOURCE AWARD PARITY AMONG CONTRACTING 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section--
       (1) the term ``contracting officer'' has the meaning given 
     the term in section 36(e) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 657f(e));
       (2) the term ``economically disadvantaged women-owned small 
     business'' has the meaning given the term in section 127.102 
     of title 13, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor 
     regulation;
       (3) the term ``HUBZone small business concern'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 31(b) of the Small Business 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 657a(b));
       (4) the term ``small business concern owned and controlled 
     by service-disabled veterans'' has the meaning given the term 
     in section 3(q) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(q)); 
     and
       (5) the term ``small business concern owned and controlled 
     by women'' has the meaning given the term in section 8(m) of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(m)).
       (b) Requirement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law or regulation, during the period beginning on the date of 
     enactment of this Act and ending on September 30, 2021, with 
     respect to a small business concern owned and controlled by 
     women, an economically disadvantaged women-owned small 
     business, a HUBZone small business concern, or a small 
     business concern owned and controlled by service-disabled 
     veterans, a contracting officer may award a sole source 
     contract to the business concern if the anticipated award 
     price of the contract will not exceed the maximum permissible 
     amount for the contract, as provided under the applicable 
     provision of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1876. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 10___. AUTHORIZATION TO ESTABLISH COMMEMORATIVE WORK.

       (a) In General.--The Fallen Journalists Memorial Foundation 
     may establish a commemorative work on Federal land in the 
     District of Columbia and its environs to commemorate 
     America's commitment to a free press as represented by 
     journalists who sacrificed their lives in their line of work.
       (b) Compliance With Standards for Commemorative Works.--The 
     establishment of the commemorative work under this section 
     shall be in accordance with chapter 89 of title 40, United 
     States Code (commonly known as the ``Commemorative Works 
     Act'').
       (c) Prohibition on Use of Federal Funds.--
       (1) In general.--Federal funds may not be used to pay any 
     expense of the establishment of the commemorative work under 
     this section.
       (2) Responsibility of the fallen journalists memorial 
     foundation.--The Fallen Journalists Memorial Foundation shall 
     be solely responsible for acceptance of contributions for, 
     and payment of the expenses of, the establishment of the 
     commemorative work under this section.
       (d) Deposit of Excess Funds.--
       (1) In general.--If upon payment of all expenses for the 
     establishment of the commemorative work (including the 
     maintenance and preservation amount required by section 
     8906(b)(1) of title 40, United States Code), there remains a 
     balance of funds received for the establishment of the 
     commemorative work, the Fallen Journalists Memorial 
     Foundation shall transmit the amount of the balance to the 
     Secretary of the Interior for deposit in the account provided 
     for in section 8906(b)(3) of title 40, United States Code.
       (2) On expiration of authority.--If upon expiration of the 
     authority for the commemorative work under section 8903(e) of 
     title 40, United States Code, there remains a balance of 
     funds received for the establishment of the commemorative 
     work, the Fallen Journalists Memorial Foundation shall 
     transmit the amount of the balance to a separate account with 
     the National Park Foundation for memorials, to be available 
     to the Secretary of the Interior or the Administrator of 
     General Services (as appropriate) following the process 
     provided in section 8906(b)(4) of title 40, United States 
     Code, for accounts established under section 8906(b)(2) or 
     (3) of title 40, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1877. Mr. COTTON (for himself, Mr. Schumer, Mr. Scott of Florida, 
and Mr. Van Hollen) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title XII, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. 12__. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO ECONOMIC 
                   OR INDUSTRIAL ESPIONAGE BY FOREIGN 
                   TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES.

       (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 30 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
     shall exercise all of the powers granted to the President 
     under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
     U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and 
     prohibit all significant transactions in property and 
     interests in property of a foreign person described in 
     subsection (b) if such property and interests in property are 
     in the United States, come within the United States, or are 
     or come within the possession or control of a United States 
     person.
       (b) Foreign Persons Described.--A foreign person is 
     described in this subsection if the President determines that 
     the person, on or after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act--
       (1) produces fifth or future generation telecommunications 
     technology; and
       (2) engages in--
       (A) economic or industrial espionage with respect to trade 
     secrets or proprietary information owned by United States 
     persons; or
       (B) other related illicit activities, including violations 
     of sanctions imposed by the United States.
       (c) Exceptions.--
       (1) Exception for intelligence activities.--Sanctions under 
     this section shall not apply to any activity subject to the 
     reporting requirements under title V of the National Security 
     Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et seq.) or any authorized 
     intelligence activities of the United States.
       (2) Exception relating to importation of goods.--
       (A) In general.--The authorities and requirements to impose 
     sanctions authorized under this section shall not include the 
     authority or requirement to impose sanctions on the 
     importation of goods.
       (B) Good defined.--In this paragraph, the term ``good'' 
     means any article, natural or manmade substance, material, 
     supply or manufactured product, including inspection and test 
     equipment, and excluding technical data.
       (d) Waiver.--The President may waive the application of 
     sanctions under this section with respect to a foreign person 
     for renewable periods of not more than 90 days each if the 
     President determines and reports to Congress that such a 
     waiver is vital to the national security interests of the 
     United States.
       (e) Implementation; Penalties.--
       (1) Implementation.--The President may exercise the 
     authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and 
     205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
     U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to the extent necessary to carry out 
     this section.
       (2) Penalties.--A person that violates, attempts to 
     violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of 
     subsection (a) or any regulation, license, or order issued to 
     carry out that subsection shall be subject to the penalties 
     set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) 
     to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act 
     described in subsection (a) of that section.
       (f) Definitions.--
       (1) In general.--In this section:
       (A) Economic or industrial espionage.--The term ``economic 
     or industrial espionage'' means--
       (i) stealing a trade secret or proprietary information or 
     appropriating, taking, carrying away, or concealing, or by 
     fraud, artifice, or deception obtaining, a trade secret or 
     proprietary information without the authorization of the 
     owner of the trade secret or proprietary information;
       (ii) copying, duplicating, downloading, uploading, 
     destroying, transmitting, delivering, sending, communicating, 
     or conveying a trade secret or proprietary information 
     without the authorization of the owner of the trade secret or 
     proprietary information; or
       (iii) knowingly receiving, buying, or possessing a trade 
     secret or proprietary information that has been stolen or 
     appropriated, obtained, or converted without the 
     authorization of the owner of the trade secret or proprietary 
     information.
       (B) Fifth or future generation telecommunications 
     technology.--The term ``fifth or future generation 
     telecommunications technology'' means telecommunications 
     technology that conforms to the technical standards followed 
     by the telecommunications industry for telecommunications 
     technology that is commonly known in the industry as fifth 
     generation or future generation technology.

[[Page S3393]]

       (C) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' means any 
     person that is not a United States person.
       (D) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'', with respect to 
     conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has 
     actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the 
     circumstance, or the result.
       (E) Person.--The term ``person'' means an individual or 
     entity.
       (F) Proprietary information.--The term ``proprietary 
     information'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     1637(d) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (50 
     U.S.C. 1708(d)).
       (G) Third and fourth generation telecommunications 
     networks.--The term ``third and fourth generation 
     telecommunications networks'' means telecommunications 
     networks that conform to the technical standards followed by 
     the telecommunications industry for telecommunications 
     networks that are commonly known in the industry as third or 
     fourth generation networks.
       (H) Trade secret.--The term ``trade secret'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 1839 of title 18, United 
     States Code.
       (I) United states person.--The term ``United States 
     person'' means--
       (i) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted 
     for permanent residence to the United States; or
       (ii) an entity organized under the laws of the United 
     States or any jurisdiction within the United States, 
     including a foreign branch of such an entity.
       (2) Determination of significance.--For the purposes of 
     this section, in determining if transactions are significant, 
     the President may consider the totality of the facts and 
     circumstances, including factors similar to the factors set 
     forth in section 561.404 of title 31, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or 
     ruling).
       (3) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this section, a 
     transaction shall not be construed to include--
       (A) participation in an international standards-setting 
     body or the activities of such a body; or
       (B) a transaction involving existing third or fourth 
     generation telecommunications networks.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1878. Mrs. LOEFFLER (for herself, Ms. Sinema, Mrs. Blackburn, and 
Mr. Perdue) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by her to 
the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 1085. MODIFICATION OF LICENSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR HEALTH 
                   CARE PROFESSIONALS PROVIDING TREATMENT VIA 
                   TELEMEDICINE.

       Section 1730C(b) of title 38, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(b) Covered Health Care Professionals.--For purposes of 
     this section, a covered health care professional is any of 
     the following individuals:
       ``(1) A health care professional who--
       ``(A) is an employee of the Department appointed under 
     section 7306, 7401, 7405, 7406, or 7408 of this title or 
     title 5;
       ``(B) is authorized by the Secretary to provide health care 
     under this chapter;
       ``(C) is required to adhere to all standards for quality 
     relating to the provision of health care in accordance with 
     applicable policies of the Department; and
       ``(D)(i) has an active, current, full, and unrestricted 
     license, registration, or certification in a State to 
     practice the health care profession of the health care 
     professional; or
       ``(ii) with respect to a health care profession listed 
     under section 7402(b) of this title, has the qualifications 
     for such profession as set forth by the Secretary.
       ``(2) A postgraduate health care employee who--
       ``(A) is appointed under section 7401(1), 7401(3), or 7405 
     of this title or title 5 for any category of personnel 
     described in paragraph (1) or (3) of section 7401 of this 
     title;
       ``(B) must obtain an active, current, full, and 
     unrestricted license, registration, or certification or meet 
     qualification standards set forth by the Secretary within a 
     specified time frame; and
       ``(C) is under the clinical supervision of a health care 
     professional described in paragraph (1); or
       ``(3) A health professions trainee who--
       ``(A) is appointed under section 7405 or 7406 of this 
     title; and
       ``(B) is under the clinical supervision of a health care 
     professional described in paragraph (1).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1879. Mr. INHOFE (for himself and Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title VIII, add the following:

     SEC. 894. REPORT RECOMMENDING DISPOSITION OF NOTES TO CERTAIN 
                   SECTIONS OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report recommending the disposition of 
     provisions of law found in the notes to the following 
     sections of title 10, United States Code:
       (1) Section 2313.
       (2) Section 2364.
       (3) Section 2432.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) for each provision of law included as a note to a 
     section listed in such subsection, a recommendation whether 
     such provision--
       (A) should be repealed because the provision is no longer 
     operative or is otherwise obsolete;
       (B) should be codified as a section to title 10, United 
     States Code, because the section has, and is anticipated to 
     continue to have in the future, significant relevance; or
       (C) should remain as a note to such section; and
       (2) any legislative proposals appropriate to improve the 
     intent and effect of the sections listed in such subsection.
       (c) Technical Corrections.--(1) Section 2362(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering''.
       (2) Section 804(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``The Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications, 
     and Intelligence, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics,'' and 
     inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1880. Mr. BARRASSO (for himself, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Carper, Mrs. 
Capito, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Coons, Mr. Hoeven, Mr. Rounds, and Mr. Manchin) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 
4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in subtitle G of title X, insert 
     the following:

     SEC. 10__. UTILIZING SIGNIFICANT EMISSIONS WITH INNOVATIVE 
                   TECHNOLOGIES.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
     ``Utilizing Significant Emissions with Innovative 
     Technologies Act'' or the ``USE IT Act''.
       (b) Research, Investigation, Training, and Other 
     Activities.--Section 103 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
     7403) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(3), in the first sentence of the 
     matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``percursors'' 
     and inserting ``precursors''; and
       (2) in subsection (g)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (B) in the undesignated matter following subparagraph (D) 
     (as so redesignated)--
       (i) in the second sentence, by striking ``The 
     Administrator'' and inserting the following:
       ``(5) Coordination and avoidance of duplication.--The 
     Administrator''; and
       (ii) in the first sentence, by striking ``Nothing'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(4) Effect of subsection.--Nothing'';
       (C) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
     redesignated)--
       (i) in the third sentence, by striking ``Such program'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(3) Program inclusions.--The program under this 
     subsection'';
       (ii) in the second sentence--

       (I) by inserting ``States, institutions of higher 
     education,'' after ``scientists,''; and
       (II) by striking ``Such strategies and technologies shall 
     be developed'' and inserting the following:

       ``(2) Participation requirement.--Such strategies and 
     technologies described in paragraph (1) shall be developed''; 
     and
       (iii) in the first sentence, by striking ``In carrying 
     out'' and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--In carrying out''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Certain carbon dioxide activities.--
       ``(A) In general.--In carrying out paragraph (3)(A) with 
     respect to carbon dioxide, the Administrator shall carry out 
     the activities described in each of subparagraphs (B), (C), 
     (D), and (E).
       ``(B) Direct air capture research.--
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:

       ``(I) Board.--The term `Board' means the Direct Air Capture 
     Technology Advisory Board established by clause (iii)(I).
       ``(II) Dilute.--The term `dilute' means a concentration of 
     less than 1 percent by volume.

[[Page S3394]]

       ``(III) Direct air capture.--

       ``(aa) In general.--The term `direct air capture', with 
     respect to a facility, technology, or system, means that the 
     facility, technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment 
     to capture carbon dioxide directly from the air.
       ``(bb) Exclusion.--The term `direct air capture' does not 
     include any facility, technology, or system that captures 
     carbon dioxide--
       ``(AA) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
     occurring subsurface spring; or
       ``(BB) using natural photosynthesis.

       ``(IV) Intellectual property.--The term `intellectual 
     property' means--

       ``(aa) an invention that is patentable under title 35, 
     United States Code; and
       ``(bb) any patent on an invention described in item (aa).
       ``(ii) Technology prizes.--

       ``(I) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the USE IT Act, the Administrator, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall establish a 
     program to provide, and shall provide, financial awards on a 
     competitive basis for direct air capture from media in which 
     the concentration of carbon dioxide is dilute.
       ``(II) Duties.--In carrying out this clause, the 
     Administrator shall--

       ``(aa) subject to subclause (III), develop specific 
     requirements for--
       ``(AA) the competition process; and
       ``(BB) the demonstration of performance of approved 
     projects;
       ``(bb) offer financial awards for a project designed--
       ``(AA) to the maximum extent practicable, to capture more 
     than 10,000 tons of carbon dioxide per year; and
       ``(BB) to operate in a manner that would be commercially 
     viable in the foreseeable future (as determined by the 
     Board); and
       ``(cc) to the maximum extent practicable, make financial 
     awards to geographically diverse projects, including at 
     least--
       ``(AA) 1 project in a coastal State; and
       ``(BB) 1 project in a rural State.

       ``(III) Public participation.--In carrying out subclause 
     (II)(aa), the Administrator shall--

       ``(aa) provide notice of and, for a period of not less than 
     60 days, an opportunity for public comment on, any draft or 
     proposed version of the requirements described in subclause 
     (II)(aa); and
       ``(bb) take into account public comments received in 
     developing the final version of those requirements.
       ``(iii) Direct air capture technology advisory board.--

       ``(I) Establishment.--There is established an advisory 
     board to be known as the `Direct Air Capture Technology 
     Advisory Board'.
       ``(II) Composition.--The Board shall be composed of 9 
     members appointed by the Administrator, who shall provide 
     expertise in--

       ``(aa) climate science;
       ``(bb) physics;
       ``(cc) chemistry;
       ``(dd) biology;
       ``(ee) engineering;
       ``(ff) economics;
       ``(gg) business management; and
       ``(hh) such other disciplines as the Administrator 
     determines to be necessary to achieve the purposes of this 
     subparagraph.

       ``(III) Term; vacancies.--

       ``(aa) Term.--A member of the Board shall serve for a term 
     of 6 years.
       ``(bb) Vacancies.--A vacancy on the Board--
       ``(AA) shall not affect the powers of the Board; and
       ``(BB) shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
     appointment was made.

       ``(IV) Initial meeting.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which all members of the Board have been appointed, 
     the Board shall hold the initial meeting of the Board.
       ``(V) Meetings.--The Board shall meet at the call of the 
     Chairperson or on the request of the Administrator.
       ``(VI) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Board 
     shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may 
     hold hearings.
       ``(VII) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--The Board shall 
     select a Chairperson and Vice Chairperson from among the 
     members of the Board.
       ``(VIII) Compensation.--Each member of the Board may be 
     compensated at not to exceed the daily equivalent of the 
     annual rate of basic pay in effect for a position at level V 
     of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, 
     United States Code, for each day during which the member is 
     engaged in the actual performance of the duties of the Board.
       ``(IX) Duties.--The Board shall advise the Administrator on 
     carrying out the duties of the Administrator under this 
     subparagraph.
       ``(X) FACA.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
     App.) shall apply to the Board.

       ``(iv) Intellectual property.--

       ``(I) In general.--As a condition of receiving a financial 
     award under this subparagraph, an applicant shall agree to 
     vest the intellectual property of the applicant derived from 
     the technology in 1 or more entities that are incorporated in 
     the United States.
       ``(II) Reservation of license.--The United States--

       ``(aa) may reserve a nonexclusive, nontransferable, 
     irrevocable, paid-up license, to have practiced for or on 
     behalf of the United States, in connection with any 
     intellectual property described in subclause (I); but
       ``(bb) shall not, in the exercise of a license reserved 
     under item (aa), publicly disclose proprietary information 
     relating to the license.

       ``(III) Transfer of title.--Title to any intellectual 
     property described in subclause (I) shall not be transferred 
     or passed, except to an entity that is incorporated in the 
     United States, until the expiration of the first patent 
     obtained in connection with the intellectual property.

       ``(v) Authorization of appropriations.--

       ``(I) In general.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Environmental Protection Agency, 
     $35,000,000 shall be available to carry out this 
     subparagraph, to remain available until expended.
       ``(II) Requirement.--Research carried out using amounts 
     made available under subclause (I) may not duplicate research 
     funded by the Department of Energy.

       ``(vi) Termination of authority.--The Board and all 
     authority provided under this subparagraph shall terminate 
     not later than 10 years after the date of enactment of the 
     USE IT Act.
       ``(C) Carbon dioxide utilization research.--
       ``(i) Definition of carbon dioxide utilization.--In this 
     subparagraph, the term `carbon dioxide utilization' refers to 
     technologies or approaches that lead to the use of carbon 
     dioxide--

       ``(I) through the fixation of carbon dioxide through 
     photosynthesis or chemosynthesis, such as through the growing 
     of algae or bacteria;
       ``(II) through the chemical conversion of carbon dioxide to 
     a material or chemical compound in which the carbon dioxide 
     is securely stored; or
       ``(III) through the use of carbon dioxide for any other 
     purpose for which a commercial market exists, as determined 
     by the Administrator.

       ``(ii) Program.--The Administrator, in consultation with 
     the Secretary of Energy, shall carry out a research and 
     development program for carbon dioxide utilization to promote 
     existing and new technologies that transform carbon dioxide 
     generated by industrial processes into a product of 
     commercial value, or as an input to products of commercial 
     value.
       ``(iii) Technical and financial assistance.--Not later than 
     2 years after the date of enactment of the USE IT Act, in 
     carrying out this subsection, the Administrator, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall support 
     research and infrastructure activities relating to carbon 
     dioxide utilization by providing technical assistance and 
     financial assistance in accordance with clause (iv).
       ``(iv) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive technical 
     assistance and financial assistance under clause (iii), a 
     carbon dioxide utilization project shall--

       ``(I) have access to an emissions stream generated by a 
     stationary source within the United States that is capable of 
     supplying not less than 250 metric tons per day of carbon 
     dioxide for research;
       ``(II) have access to adequate space for a laboratory and 
     equipment for testing small-scale carbon dioxide utilization 
     technologies, with onsite access to larger test bays for 
     scale-up; and
       ``(III) have existing partnerships with institutions of 
     higher education, private companies, States, or other 
     government entities.

       ``(v) Coordination.--In supporting carbon dioxide 
     utilization projects under this paragraph, the Administrator 
     shall consult with the Secretary of Energy, and, as 
     appropriate, with the head of any other relevant Federal 
     agency, States, the private sector, and institutions of 
     higher education to develop methods and technologies to 
     account for the carbon dioxide emissions avoided by the 
     carbon dioxide utilization projects.
       ``(vi) Authorization of appropriations.--

       ``(I) In general.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Environmental Protection Agency, 
     $50,000,000 shall be available to carry out this 
     subparagraph, to remain available until expended.
       ``(II) Requirement.--Research carried out using amounts 
     made available under subclause (I) may not duplicate research 
     funded by the Department of Energy.

       ``(D) Deep saline formation report.--
       ``(i) Definition of deep saline formation.--

       ``(I) In general.--In this subparagraph, the term `deep 
     saline formation' means a formation of subsurface 
     geographically extensive sedimentary rock layers saturated 
     with waters or brines that have a high total dissolved solids 
     content and that are below the depth where carbon dioxide can 
     exist in the formation as a supercritical fluid.
       ``(II) Clarification.--In this subparagraph, the term `deep 
     saline formation' does not include oil and gas reservoirs.

       ``(ii) Report.--In consultation with the Secretary of 
     Energy, and, as appropriate, with the head of any other 
     relevant Federal agency and relevant stakeholders, not later 
     than 1 year after the date of enactment of the USE IT Act, 
     the Administrator shall prepare, submit to Congress, and make 
     publicly available a report that includes--

       ``(I) a comprehensive identification of potential risks and 
     benefits to project developers associated with increased 
     storage of carbon dioxide captured from stationary sources in 
     deep saline formations, using existing research;
       ``(II) recommendations, if any, for managing the potential 
     risks identified under

[[Page S3395]]

     subclause (I), including potential risks unique to public 
     land; and
       ``(III) recommendations, if any, for Federal legislation or 
     other policy changes to mitigate any potential risks 
     identified under subclause (I).

       ``(E) Report on carbon dioxide nonregulatory strategies and 
     technologies.--
       ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than once every 2 
     years, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on 
     Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee 
     on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a 
     report that describes--

       ``(I) the recipients of assistance under subparagraphs (B) 
     and (C); and
       ``(II) a plan for supporting additional nonregulatory 
     strategies and technologies that could significantly prevent 
     carbon dioxide emissions or reduce carbon dioxide levels in 
     the air, in conjunction with other Federal agencies.

       ``(ii) Inclusions.--The plan submitted under clause (i) 
     shall include--

       ``(I) a methodology for evaluating and ranking technologies 
     based on the ability of the technologies to cost effectively 
     reduce carbon dioxide emissions or carbon dioxide levels in 
     the air; and
       ``(II) a description of any nonair-related environmental or 
     energy considerations regarding the technologies.

       ``(F) GAO report.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to Congress a report that--
       ``(i) identifies all Federal grant programs in which a 
     purpose of a grant under the program is to perform research 
     on carbon capture and utilization technologies, including 
     direct air capture technologies; and
       ``(ii) examines the extent to which the Federal grant 
     programs identified pursuant to clause (i) overlap or are 
     duplicative.''.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Environmental 
     Protection Agency (referred to in this section as the 
     ``Administrator'') shall submit to Congress a report 
     describing how funds appropriated to the Administrator during 
     the 5 most recent fiscal years have been used to carry out 
     section 103 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7403), including 
     a description of--
       (1) the amount of funds used to carry out specific 
     provisions of that section; and
       (2) the practices used by the Administrator to 
     differentiate funding used to carry out that section, as 
     compared to funding used to carry out other provisions of 
     law.
       (d) Inclusion of Carbon Capture Infrastructure Projects.--
     Section 41001(6) of the FAST Act (42 U.S.C. 4370m(6)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting 
     ``carbon capture,'' after ``manufacturing,'';
       (B) in clause (i)(III), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (C) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); and
       (D) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
       ``(ii) is covered by a programmatic plan or environmental 
     review developed for the primary purpose of facilitating 
     development of carbon dioxide pipelines; or''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) Inclusion.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), 
     construction of infrastructure for carbon capture includes 
     construction of--
       ``(i) any facility, technology, or system that captures, 
     utilizes, or sequesters carbon dioxide emissions, including 
     projects for direct air capture (as defined in paragraph 
     (6)(B)(i) of section 103(g) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
     7403(g)); and
       ``(ii) carbon dioxide pipelines.''.
       (e) Development of Carbon Capture, Utilization, and 
     Sequestration Report, Permitting Guidance, and Regional 
     Permitting Task Force.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration 
     projects.--The term ``carbon capture, utilization, and 
     sequestration projects'' includes projects for direct air 
     capture (as defined in paragraph (6)(B)(i) of section 103(g) 
     of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7403(g))).
       (B) Efficient, orderly, and responsible.--The term 
     ``efficient, orderly, and responsible'' means, with respect 
     to development or the permitting process for carbon capture, 
     utilization, and sequestration projects and carbon dioxide 
     pipelines, a process that is completed in an expeditious 
     manner while maintaining environmental, health, and safety 
     protections.
       (2) Report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Chair of the Council on 
     Environmental Quality (referred to in this section as the 
     ``Chair''), in consultation with the Administrator of the 
     Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the 
     Secretary of the Interior, the Executive Director of the 
     Federal Permitting Improvement Council, and the head of any 
     other relevant Federal agency (as determined by the 
     President), shall prepare a report that--
       (i) compiles all existing relevant Federal permitting and 
     review information and resources for project applicants, 
     agencies, and other stakeholders interested in the deployment 
     of carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration projects 
     and carbon dioxide pipelines, including--

       (I) the appropriate points of interaction with Federal 
     agencies;
       (II) clarification of the permitting responsibilities and 
     authorities among Federal agencies; and
       (III) best practices and templates for permitting;

       (ii) inventories current or emerging activities that 
     transform captured carbon dioxide into a product of 
     commercial value, or as an input to products of commercial 
     value;
       (iii) inventories existing initiatives and recent 
     publications that analyze or identify priority carbon dioxide 
     pipelines needed to enable efficient, orderly, and 
     responsible development of carbon capture, utilization, and 
     sequestration projects at increased scale;
       (iv) identifies gaps in the current Federal regulatory 
     framework for the deployment of carbon capture, utilization, 
     and sequestration projects and carbon dioxide pipelines; and
       (v) identifies Federal financing mechanisms available to 
     project developers.
       (B) Submission; publication.--The Chair shall--
       (i) submit the report under subparagraph (A) to the 
     Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (ii) as soon as practicable, make the report publicly 
     available.
       (3) Guidance.--
       (A) In general.--After submission of the report under 
     paragraph (2)(B), but not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Chair shall submit guidance 
     consistent with that report to all relevant Federal agencies 
     that--
       (i) facilitates reviews associated with the deployment of 
     carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration projects and 
     carbon dioxide pipelines; and
       (ii) supports the efficient, orderly, and responsible 
     development of carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration 
     projects and carbon dioxide pipelines.
       (B) Requirements.--
       (i) In general.--The guidance under subparagraph (A) shall 
     address requirements under--

       (I) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
     U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
       (II) the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 
     1251 et seq.);
       (III) the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.);
       (IV) the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.);
       (V) the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
     seq.);
       (VI) division A of subtitle III of title 54, United States 
     Code (formerly known as the ``National Historic Preservation 
     Act'');
       (VII) the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et 
     seq.);
       (VIII) the Act of June 8, 1940 (16 U.S.C. 668 et seq.) 
     (commonly known as the ``Bald and Golden Eagle Protection 
     Act''); and
       (IX) any other Federal law that the Chair determines to be 
     appropriate.

       (ii) Environmental reviews.--The guidance under 
     subparagraph (A) shall include direction to States and other 
     interested parties for the development of programmatic 
     environmental reviews under the National Environmental Policy 
     Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for carbon capture, 
     utilization, and sequestration projects and carbon dioxide 
     pipelines.
       (iii) Public involvement.--The guidance under subparagraph 
     (A) shall be subject to the public notice, comment, and 
     solicitation of information procedures under section 1506.6 
     of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor 
     regulation).
       (C) Submission; publication.--The Chair shall--
       (i) submit the guidance under subparagraph (A) to the 
     Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (ii) as soon as practicable, make the guidance publicly 
     available.
       (D) Evaluation.--The Chair shall--
       (i) periodically evaluate the reports of the task forces 
     under paragraph (4)(E) and, as necessary, revise the guidance 
     under subparagraph (A); and
       (ii) each year, submit to the Committee on Environment and 
     Public Works of the Senate, the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce of the House of Representatives, and relevant 
     Federal agencies a report that describes any recommendations 
     for legislation, rules, revisions to rules, or other policies 
     that would address the issues identified by the task forces 
     under paragraph (4)(E).
       (4) Task force.--
       (A) Establishment.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Chair shall establish not less 
     than 2 task forces, which shall each cover a different 
     geographical area with differing demographic, land use, or 
     geological issues--
       (i) to identify permitting and other challenges and 
     successes that permitting authorities and project developers 
     and operators face; and
       (ii) to improve the performance of the permitting process 
     and regional coordination for the purpose of promoting the 
     efficient, orderly, and responsible development of carbon 
     capture, utilization, and sequestration projects and carbon 
     dioxide pipelines.
       (B) Members and selection.--
       (i) In general.--The Chair shall--

       (I) develop criteria for the selection of members to each 
     task force; and
       (II) select members for each task force in accordance with 
     subclause (I) and clause (ii).

       (ii) Members.--Each task force--

[[Page S3396]]

       (I) shall include not less than 1 representative of each 
     of--

       (aa) the Environmental Protection Agency;
       (bb) the Department of Energy;
       (cc) the Department of the Interior;
       (dd) any other Federal agency the Chair determines to be 
     appropriate;
       (ee) any State that requests participation in the 
     geographical area covered by the task force;
       (ff) developers or operators of carbon capture, 
     utilization, and sequestration projects or carbon dioxide 
     pipelines; and
       (gg) nongovernmental membership organizations, the primary 
     mission of which concerns protection of the environment; and

       (II) at the request of a Tribal or local government, may 
     include a representative of--

       (aa) not less than 1 local government in the geographical 
     area covered by the task force; and
       (bb) not less than 1 Tribal government in the geographical 
     area covered by the task force.
       (C) Meetings.--
       (i) In general.--Each task force shall meet not less than 
     twice each year.
       (ii) Joint meeting.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
     task forces shall meet collectively not less than once each 
     year.
       (D) Duties.--Each task force shall--
       (i) inventory existing or potential Federal and State 
     approaches to facilitate reviews associated with the 
     deployment of carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration 
     projects and carbon dioxide pipelines, including best 
     practices that--

       (I) avoid duplicative reviews;
       (II) engage stakeholders early in the permitting process; 
     and
       (III) make the permitting process efficient, orderly, and 
     responsible;

       (ii) develop common models for State-level carbon dioxide 
     pipeline regulation and oversight guidelines that can be 
     shared with States in the geographical area covered by the 
     task force;
       (iii) provide technical assistance to States in the 
     geographical area covered by the task force in implementing 
     regulatory requirements and any models developed under clause 
     (ii);
       (iv) inventory current or emerging activities that 
     transform captured carbon dioxide into a product of 
     commercial value, or as an input to products of commercial 
     value;
       (v) identify any priority carbon dioxide pipelines needed 
     to enable efficient, orderly, and responsible development of 
     carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration projects at 
     increased scale;
       (vi) identify gaps in the current Federal and State 
     regulatory framework and in existing data for the deployment 
     of carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration projects 
     and carbon dioxide pipelines;
       (vii) identify Federal and State financing mechanisms 
     available to project developers; and
       (viii) develop recommendations for relevant Federal 
     agencies on how to develop and research technologies that--

       (I) can capture carbon dioxide; and
       (II) would be able to be deployed within the region covered 
     by the task force, including any projects that have received 
     technical or financial assistance for research under 
     paragraph (6) of section 103(g) of the Clean Air Act (42 
     U.S.C. 7403(g)).

       (E) Report.--Each year, each task force shall prepare and 
     submit to the Chair and to the other task forces a report 
     that includes--
       (i) any recommendations for improvements in efficient, 
     orderly, and responsible issuance or administration of 
     Federal permits and other Federal authorizations required 
     under a law described in paragraph (3)(B)(i); and
       (ii) any other nationally relevant information that the 
     task force has collected in carrying out the duties under 
     subparagraph (D).
       (F) Evaluation.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Chair shall--
       (i) reevaluate the need for the task forces; and
       (ii) submit to Congress a recommendation as to whether the 
     task forces should continue.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1881. Mrs. HYDE-SMITH submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 1085. SENSE OF SENATE ON GOLD STAR FAMILIES REMEMBRANCE 
                   WEEK.

       (a) Findings.--The Senate makes the following findings:
       (1) The last Sunday in September--
       (A) is designated as ``Gold Star Mother's Day'' under 
     section 111 of title 36, United States Code; and
       (B) was first designated as ``Gold Star Mother's Day'' 
     under the Joint Resolution entitled ``Joint Resolution 
     designating the last Sunday in September as `Gold Star 
     Mother's Day', and for other purposes'', approved June 23, 
     1936 (49 Stat. 1895).
       (2) There is no date dedicated to families affected by the 
     loss of a loved one who died in service to the United States.
       (3) A gold star symbolizes a family member who died in the 
     line of duty while serving in the Armed Forces.
       (4) The members and veterans of the Armed Forces, through 
     their service, bear the burden of protecting the freedom of 
     the people of the United States.
       (5) The selfless example of the service of the members and 
     veterans of the Armed Forces, as well as the sacrifices made 
     by the families of those individuals, inspires all 
     individuals in the United States to sacrifice and work 
     diligently for the good of the United States.
       (6) The sacrifices of the families of the fallen members of 
     the Armed Forces and the families of veterans of the Armed 
     Forces should never be forgotten.
       (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
     that the Senate--
       (1) designates the week of September 20 through September 
     26, 2020, as ``Gold Star Families Remembrance Week'';
       (2) honors and recognizes the sacrifices made by--
       (A) the families of members of the Armed Forces who made 
     the ultimate sacrifice in order to defend freedom and protect 
     the United States; and
       (B) the families of veterans of the Armed Forces; and
       (3) encourages the people of the United States to observe 
     Gold Star Families Remembrance Week by--
       (A) performing acts of service and good will in their 
     communities; and
       (B) celebrating families in which loved ones made the 
     ultimate sacrifice so that others could continue to enjoy 
     life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1882. Mr. BARRASSO submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. REPORT ON INVENTORY OF STOCK AND SURPLUS CH-46 
                   PARTS.

       Not later than September 1, 2021, the Defense Logistics 
     Agency shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report that includes the following:
       (1) A comprehensive catalog of excess, inventory, spare, 
     and surplus CH-46 parts.
       (2) An explanation on how the Defense Logistics Agency 
     disposes of excess, inventory, spare, and surplus CH-46 parts 
     and the status of such depositions.
       (3) An assessment of limiting factors for CH-46 spare and 
     surplus parts for commercial use.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1883. Mr. ROMNEY (for himself, Mr. Coons, Ms. Hassan, and Ms. 
Cortez Masto) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to 
the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 1262. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON COOPERATION IN THE INDO-
                   PACIFIC REGION.

       It is the policy of the United States--
       (1) to strengthen alliances and partnerships in the Indo-
     Pacific region and Europe and with like-minded countries 
     around the globe to effectively compete with the People's 
     Republic of China; and
       (2) to work in collaboration with such allies and 
     partners--
       (A) to address significant diplomatic, economic, and 
     military challenges posed by the People's Republic of China;
       (B) to deter the People's Republic of China from pursuing 
     military aggression;
       (C) to promote the peaceful resolution of territorial 
     disputes in accordance with international law;
       (D) to promote private sector-led long-term economic 
     development while countering efforts by the Government of the 
     People's Republic of China to leverage predatory economic 
     practices as a means of political and economic coercion in 
     the Indo-Pacific region and beyond;
       (E) to promote the values of democracy and human rights, 
     including through efforts to end the repression by the 
     Chinese Communist Party of political dissidents and Uyghurs 
     and other ethnic Muslim minorities, Tibetan Buddhists, 
     Christians, and other minorities;
       (F) to respond to the crackdown by the Chinese Communist 
     Party, in contravention of the commitments made under the 
     Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 and the Basic Law of 
     Hong Kong, on the legitimate aspirations of the people of 
     Hong Kong; and
       (G) to counter the Chinese Communist Party's efforts to 
     spread disinformation in the People's Republic of China and 
     beyond with respect to the response of the Chinese Communist 
     Party to COVID-19.

[[Page S3397]]

  

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1884. Mr. ROMNEY (for himself, Mr. King, and Mrs. Shaheen) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 
4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle G of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 12__. COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON DEFENSE BUDGET TRANSPARENCY 
                   OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, THE RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION, AND THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) Studies Required.--
       (1) Department of defense study.--Not later than 270 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense, acting through the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency, in consultation with the Under Secretary 
     of Defense (Comptroller), the Director of the Office of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation, the Director of the Office 
     of Net Assessment, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Indo-Pacific Security Affairs, and the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for International Security Affairs, shall complete a 
     comparative study on the defense budgets of the People's 
     Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and the United 
     States.
       (2) Independent study.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     offer to enter into an agreement with not more than two 
     entities independent of the Department to conduct a 
     comparative study on the defense budgets of the People's 
     Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and the United 
     States, to be completed not later than 270 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (B) Federally funded research and development center.--Not 
     fewer than one entity described in subparagraph (A) shall be 
     a federally funded research and development center.
       (b) Goal.--The goal of the studies required by subsection 
     (a) shall be to develop a methodologically sound set of 
     assumptions to underpin a comparison of the defense spending 
     of the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, 
     and the United States.
       (c) Elements.--Each study required by subsection (a) shall 
     do the following:
       (1) Develop consistent functional categories for spending, 
     including--
       (A) defense-related research and development;
       (B) weapons procurement;
       (C) operations and maintenance; and
       (D) pay and benefits.
       (2) Consider the effects of purchasing power parity and 
     market exchange rates, particularly on nontraded goods.
       (3) Consider differences in the relative prices of goods 
     and labor within each subject country.
       (4) Compare the costs of labor and benefits for the defense 
     workforce of each subject country.
       (5) Account for discrepancies in the manner in which each 
     subject country accounts for certain functional types of 
     defense-related spending.
       (6) Explicitly estimate the magnitude of omitted spending 
     from official defense budget information.
       (7) Evaluate the adequacy of the United Nations database on 
     military expenditures.
       (8) Exclude spending related to veterans' benefits.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
     the studies required by subsection (a) are completed, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the results of each study, together with the views 
     of the Secretary on each study.
       (e) Form.--The report required by subsection (d) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1885. Mr. ROMNEY (for himself, Mr. Graham, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Coons, 
Mr. Kaine, and Mrs. Shaheen) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 1242. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO REDUCE TOTAL NUMBER 
                   OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES SERVING ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY WHO ARE DEPLOYED TO THE FEDERAL 
                   REPUBLIC OF GERMANY.

       (a) In General.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act, or authorized to be appropriated to 
     the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020, may be 
     obligated or expended to reduce the total number of members 
     of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are deployed 
     to the Federal Republic of Germany below 34,500 until 60 days 
     after the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies, 
     not less than 30 days after the submittal of the report 
     required by subsection (b), to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress, that--
       (1) such a reduction--
       (A) is in the national security interest of the United 
     States;
       (B) will not undermine the security of United States allies 
     and partners in Europe;
       (C) will not undermine the deterrence and defense posture 
     of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization;
       (D) will not pose an unacceptable risk to the ability of 
     the Armed Forces to execute contingency plans of the 
     Department of the Defense;
       (E) will not adversely impact ongoing operations of the 
     Armed Forces, including operations in the areas of 
     responsibility of the United States Central Command and the 
     United States Africa Command;
       (F) will not negatively impact military families; and
       (G) will not result in significant additional costs for 
     redeployment and relocation and associated infrastructure; 
     and
       (2) the Secretary has appropriately consulted with allies 
     of the United States, including the Federal Republic of 
     Germany and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization, and the Secretary General of the North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the 
     submittal of a certification under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report that includes the following:
       (A) A description of any security factor that provides the 
     basis for the decision to reduce the total number of members 
     of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are deployed 
     to the Federal Republic of Germany.
       (B) A description of the reduction in such members of the 
     Armed Forces to be certified, including the number of active 
     duty members of the Armed Forces and support personnel to be 
     reduced and any other limitation on the number of active duty 
     or rotational members of the Armed Forces present in the 
     Federal Republic of Germany.
       (C) A plan for the relocation and redeployment of members 
     of the Armed Forces from the Federal Republic of Germany, and 
     any associated relocation of military families, including the 
     proposed numbers and locations of relocated or redeployed 
     members of the Armed Forces and military families, and an 
     estimate of the costs of such redeployment and relocation and 
     associated infrastructure.
       (D) An assessment of the impact of such reduction and 
     redeployment on military families, including--
       (i) an assessment of the impact on the availability of 
     family support programs and services in new locations, 
     including options for military spouse employment and quality 
     of care for Exceptional Family Member Program enrollees;
       (ii) an estimate of associated facilities costs necessary 
     to support military families in new locations, such as 
     housing, schools, childcare, direct or purchased medical 
     care, commissaries, and exchanges;
       (iii) an estimate of the number of members of the Armed 
     Forces who would transition from accompanied tours in the 
     Federal Republic of Germany to unaccompanied tours in other 
     locations;
       (iv) an assessment of the impact of family separation on 
     the mental health and stability of military spouses and 
     children; and
       (v) an estimate of the number of resulting vacancies of 
     Department of Defense civil service positions, including such 
     positions presently filled by military spouses.
       (E) An assessment of the impact of such reduction and 
     redeployment on the ability of the United States to meet its 
     commitments under the North Atlantic Treaty.
       (F) An assessment of the impact of such reduction and 
     redeployment on the ability of the Armed Forces--
       (i) to execute contingency plans of the Department of 
     Defense;
       (ii) to conduct training and exercises with North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization allies and to maintain a sufficient 
     standard of alliance interoperability; and
       (iii) to perform assigned missions and support of ongoing 
     operations in the Middle East and Africa.
       (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be in 
     classified form and shall include an unclassified summary.
       (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this section, 
     the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
     House of Representatives.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1886. Mr. CRUZ (for himself, Mrs. Shaheen, Mr. Barrasso, Mr. 
Johnson, and Mr. Cotton) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and

[[Page S3398]]

for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 1242. CLARIFICATION AND EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS RELATING 
                   TO CONSTRUCTION OF NORD STREAM 2 OR TURKSTREAM 
                   PIPELINE PROJECTS.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 7503 of the 
     Protecting Europe's Energy Security Act of 2019 (title LXXV 
     of Public Law 116-92) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or pipe-laying 
     activities'' after ``pipe-laying''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in clause (i)--
       (i) by inserting ``, or facilitated selling, leasing, or 
     providing,'' after ``provided''; and
       (ii) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a semicolon;
       (B) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) provided underwriting services or insurance or 
     reinsurance for those vessels;
       ``(iv) provided services or facilities for technology 
     upgrades or installation of welding equipment for, or 
     retrofitting or tethering of, those vessels; or
       ``(v) provided services for the testing, inspection, or 
     certification necessary for, or associated with the operation 
     of, the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.''.
       (b) Definitions.--Subsection (i) of such section is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
       ``(5) Pipe-laying activities.--The term `pipe-laying 
     activities' means activities that facilitate pipe-laying, 
     including site preparation, trenching, surveying, placing 
     rocks, backfilling, stringing, bending, welding, coating, and 
     lowering of pipe.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1887. Mrs. HYDE-SMITH submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for 
fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, 
for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department 
of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title I, add the following:

     SEC. 156. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF KC-135 AIRCRAFT.

        None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
     Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the 
     Air Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number 
     of KC-135 aircraft in the primary mission aircraft inventory 
     of the Air Force until the date on which three air wings of 
     KC-46 aircrafts are fully operational.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1888. Mr. PORTMAN (for himself and Mr. Murphy) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle A of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 1210. MODIFICATION TO AND HIRING AUTHORITY FOR THE 
                   GLOBAL ENGAGEMENT CENTER.

       (a) Elimination of Termination Date for the Global 
     Engagement Center.--Section 1287 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (22 U.S.C. 2656 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (h), by striking the second sentence; and
       (2) by striking subsection (j).
       (b) Hiring Authority for Global Engagement Center.--
     Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of 
     State, on a time-limited basis and solely to carry out 
     functions of the Global Engagement Center established by such 
     section, may--
       (1) appoint employees without regard to the provisions of 
     title 5, United States Code, regarding appointments in the 
     competitive service; and
       (2) fix the basic compensation of such employees without 
     regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such 
     title regarding classification and General Schedule pay 
     rates.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1889. Mr. PORTMAN (for himself and Mr. Brown) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       In the funding table in section 4101, in the item relating 
     to Stryker Upgrade, strike the amount in the Senate 
     Authorized column and insert ``1,222,000''.
       In the funding table in section 4101, in the item relating 
     to Total Procurement of W&TCV, Army, strike the amount in the 
     Senate Authorized column and insert ``4,016,028''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1890. Mr. PORTMAN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title II, add the following:

     SEC. ___. EXPANSION OF NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY FOR 
                   NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL BASE TO INCLUDE 
                   SURGE CAPACITY.

       Section 2501(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(11) Ensuring domestic manufacturing capacity of items, 
     including goods compliant with the section 2533a of title 10, 
     United States Code (commonly referred to as the `Berry 
     Amendment'), in anticipation of periods necessitating surges 
     in production.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1891. Mr. PORTMAN (for himself, Mr. Schatz, Ms. Ernst, and Mr. 
Peters) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the 
bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. DEEPFAKE REPORT.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Digital content forgery.--The term ``digital content 
     forgery'' means the use of emerging technologies, including 
     artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques, to 
     fabricate or manipulate audio, visual, or text content with 
     the intent to mislead.
       (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security.
       (b) Reports on Digital Content Forgery Technology.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 5 years, 
     the Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Science 
     and Technology, shall produce a report on the state of 
     digital content forgery technology.
       (2) Contents.--Each report produced under paragraph (1) 
     shall include--
       (A) an assessment of the underlying technologies used to 
     create or propagate digital content forgeries, including the 
     evolution of such technologies;
       (B) a description of the types of digital content 
     forgeries, including those used to commit fraud, cause harm, 
     or violate civil rights recognized under Federal law;
       (C) an assessment of how foreign governments, and the 
     proxies and networks thereof, use, or could use, digital 
     content forgeries to harm national security;
       (D) an assessment of how non-governmental entities in the 
     United States use, or could use, digital content forgeries;
       (E) an assessment of the uses, applications, dangers, and 
     benefits of deep learning technologies used to generate high 
     fidelity artificial content of events that did not occur, 
     including the impact on individuals;
       (F) an analysis of the methods used to determine whether 
     content is genuinely created by a human or through digital 
     content forgery technology and an assessment of any effective 
     heuristics used to make such a determination, as well as 
     recommendations on how to identify and address suspect 
     content and elements to provide warnings to users of the 
     content;
       (G) a description of the technological counter-measures 
     that are, or could be, used to address concerns with digital 
     content forgery technology; and
       (H) any additional information the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (3) Consultation and public hearings.--In producing each 
     report required under paragraph (1), the Secretary may--
       (A) consult with any other agency of the Federal Government 
     that the Secretary considers necessary; and
       (B) conduct public hearings to gather, or otherwise allow 
     interested parties an opportunity to present, information and 
     advice relevant to the production of the report.
       (4) Form of report.--Each report required under paragraph 
     (1) shall be produced in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex.
       (5) Applicability of foia.--Nothing in this section, or in 
     a report produced under this

[[Page S3399]]

     section, shall be construed to allow the disclosure of 
     information or a record that is exempt from public disclosure 
     under section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
     known as the ``Freedom of Information Act'').
       (6) Applicability of the paperwork reduction act.--
     Subchapter I of chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code 
     (commonly known as the ``Paperwork Reduction Act''), shall 
     not apply to this section.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1892. Mr. PORTMAN (for himself and Mr. Brown) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title II, add the following:

     SEC. 240. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON CYBER SCIENCE AND 
                   TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ON WORK WITH ACADEMIC 
                   CONSORTIA TO DEVELOP A STRATEGY TO SECURE 
                   EMBEDDED HARDWARE IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CAPABILITIES.

       Section 257(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1291) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(J) Efforts to work with academic consortia to secure 
     embedded hardware, in coordination with the Department of 
     Defense labs, in Department capabilities and research on 
     ensuring cybersecurity protection for computer hardware that 
     is affordable, assured, and reliable.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1893. Mr. PORTMAN (for himself and Mr. Heinrich) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title X, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. NATIONAL AI RESEARCH RESOURCE TASK FORCE.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) National artificial intelligence research resource.--
     The term ``national artificial intelligence research 
     resource'' mean a system that provides researchers and 
     students across scientific fields and disciplines with access 
     to compute resources, co-located with publicly-available, 
     artificial intelligence-ready government and nongovernment 
     data sets and a research environment with appropriate 
     educational tools and user support.
       (2) Ownership.--The term ``ownership'', with respect to a 
     national artificial intelligence research resource, means 
     responsibility and accountability for--
       (A) the implementation, deployment, and ongoing development 
     of the resource; and
       (B) providing staff to support such implementation, 
     deployment, and ongoing development.
       (b) Establishment of Task Force.--
       (1) Establishment.--
       (A) In general.--The Director of the National Science 
     Foundation, in coordination with the Director of the Office 
     of Science and Technology Policy, shall establish a task 
     force--
       (i) to investigate the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing a national artificial intelligence research 
     resource; and
       (ii) to propose a roadmap detailing how such resource 
     should be established and sustained.
       (B) Designation.--The task force established by 
     subparagraph (A) shall be known as the ``National Artificial 
     Intelligence Research Resource Task Force'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Task Force'').
       (2) Membership.--
       (A) Composition.--The Task Force shall be composed of 12 
     members selected by the co-chairpersons of the Task Force 
     from among technical experts in artificial intelligence or 
     related subjects, of whom--
       (i) 4 shall be representatives from the Federal Government, 
     including the co-chairpersons of the Task Force;
       (ii) 4 shall be representatives from institutions of higher 
     educations (as such term is defined in section 101 of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)); and
       (iii) 4 shall be representatives from private 
     organizations.
       (B) Appointment.--Not later than 120 days after enactment 
     of this Act, the co-chairpersons of the Task Force shall 
     appoint members to the Task Force pursuant to subparagraph 
     (A).
       (C) Term of appointment.--Members of the Task Force shall 
     be appointed for the life of the Task Force.
       (D) Vacancy.--Any vacancy occurring in the membership of 
     the Task Force shall be filled in the same manner in which 
     the original appointment was made.
       (E) Co-chairpersons.--The Director of the Office of Science 
     and Technology Policy and the Director of the National 
     Sciences Foundation, or their designees, shall be the co-
     chairpersons of the Task Force. If the role of the Director 
     of the National Science Foundation is vacant, the Chair of 
     the National Science Board shall act as a co-chairperson of 
     the Task Force in lieu of the Director of the National 
     Science Foundation.
       (F) Expenses for non-federal members.--Non-Federal members 
     of the Task Force shall be allowed travel expenses, including 
     per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for 
     employees under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United 
     States Code, while away from their homes or regular places of 
     business in the performance of services for the Task Force.
       (c) Roadmap and Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--The Task Force shall develop a coordinated 
     roadmap and implementation plan for establishing and 
     sustaining a national artificial intelligence research 
     resource.
       (2) Contents.--The roadmap and plan required by paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) Goals for establishment and sustainment of a national 
     artificial intelligence research resource and metrics for 
     success.
       (B) A plan for ownership and administration of such 
     resource, including--
       (i) an appropriate agency or organization responsible for 
     the implementation, deployment, and administration of the 
     resource; and
       (ii) a governance structure for the resource, including 
     oversight and decisionmaking authorities.
       (C) A model for governance and oversight to establish 
     strategic direction, make programmatic decisions, and manage 
     the allocation of resources.
       (D) Capabilities required to create and maintain a shared 
     computing infrastructure to facilitate access to computing 
     resources for researchers across the country, including 
     scalability, secured access control, resident data 
     engineering and curation expertise, provision of curated, 
     data sets, compute resources, educational tools and services, 
     and a user interface portal.
       (E) An assessment of, and recommend solutions to, barriers 
     to the dissemination and use of high-quality government data 
     sets as part of the national artificial intelligence research 
     resource.
       (F) An assessment of security requirements associated with 
     the national artificial intelligence research resource and 
     its research and a recommendation for a framework for the 
     management of access controls.
       (G) An assessment of privacy and civil liberties 
     requirements associated with the national artificial 
     intelligence research resource and its research.
       (H) A plan for sustaining the national artificial 
     intelligence research resource, including through Federal 
     funding and partnerships with the private sector.
       (I) The parameters for the establishment and sustainment of 
     the national artificial intelligence research resource, 
     including roles and responsibilities for Federal agencies and 
     milestones to establish and sustain the resource.
       (d) Consultations.--In carrying out subsection (c), the 
     Task Force shall consult with the following:
       (1) The National Science Foundation.
       (2) The Office of Science and Technology Policy.
       (3) The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
     Medicine.
       (4) The National Institute of Standards and Technology.
       (5) The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
       (6) The Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity.
       (7) The Department of Energy.
       (8) The Department of Defense.
       (9) The General Services Administration.
       (10) Private industry.
       (11) Institutions of higher education.
       (12) Such other persons as the Task Force considers 
     appropriate.
       (e) Staff.--Staff of the Task Force shall comprise 
     detailees with expertise in artificial intelligence, or 
     related fields from the Office of Science and Technology 
     Policy, the National Science Foundation, or any other Federal 
     agency the co-chairpersons consider appropriate, with the 
     consent of the head of the Federal agency. The co-
     chairpersons may hire staff from outside the Federal 
     government for the duration of the task force.
       (f) Task Force Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
     on which all of the appointments have been made under 
     subsection (b)(2)(B), the Task Force shall submit to Congress 
     and the President an interim report containing the findings, 
     conclusions, and recommendations of the Task Force. The 
     report shall include specific recommendations regarding steps 
     the Task Force believes necessary for the establishment and 
     sustainment of a national artificial intelligence research 
     resource.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 3 months after the 
     submittal of the interim report under paragraph (1), the Task 
     Force shall submit to Congress and the President a final 
     report containing the findings, conclusions, and 
     recommendations of the Task Force, including the specific 
     recommendations developed under subsection (c).
       (g) Termination.--
       (1) In general.--The Task Force shall terminate 90 days 
     after the date on which it

[[Page S3400]]

     submits the final report under subsection (f)(2).
       (2) Records.--Upon termination of the Task Force, all of 
     its records shall become the records of the National Archives 
     and Records Administration.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1894. Mr. PORTMAN (for himself and Mr. Bennet) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 4049, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title II, add the following:

     SEC. ___. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STRATEGY ON 
                   ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE STANDARDS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to Congress a report on the role of the 
     Department of Defense in the development of artificial 
     intelligence standards.
       (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include an assessment of each of the following:
       (1) The need for the Department of Defense to develop an 
     artificial intelligence standards strategy.
       (2) Any efforts to date on the development of such a 
     strategy.
       (3) The ways in which an artificial intelligence standards 
     strategy will improve the national security.
       (4) How the Secretary intends to collaborate with--
       (A) the Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
     Technology;
       (B) the Secretary of Homeland Security;
       (C) the intelligence community;
       (D) the Secretary of State;
       (E) representatives of private industry, specifically 
     representatives of the defense industrial base; and
       (F) representatives of any other agencies, entities, 
     organizations, or persons the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1895. Mr. RUBIO (for himself, Mr. Coons, Mr. Risch, and Mr. 
Menendez) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the 
bill S. 4049, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title XII of division A, add the following:

          Subtitle H--United States-Israel Security Assistance

     SEC. 1290. SHORT TITLE.

       This subtitle may be cited as the ``United States-Israel 
     Security Assistance Authorization Act of 2020''.

     SEC. 1290A. DEFINITION.

       In this subtitle, the term ``appropriate congressional 
     committees'' means--
       (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (3) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (4) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives.

               CHAPTER 1--SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR ISRAEL

     SEC. 1291. FINDINGS.

       Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) On September 14, 2016, the United States and Israel 
     signed a 10-year Memorandum of Understanding to reaffirm the 
     importance of continuing annual United States military 
     assistance to Israel and cooperative missile defense programs 
     in a way that enhances Israel's security and strengthens the 
     bilateral relationship between the 2 countries.
       (2) The 2016 Memorandum of Understanding reflects United 
     States support of Foreign Military Financing grant assistance 
     to Israel over a 10-year period beginning in fiscal year 2019 
     and ending in fiscal year 2028.
       (3) The 2016 Memorandum of Understanding also reflects 
     United States support for funding for cooperative programs to 
     develop, produce, and procure missile, rocket, and projectile 
     defense capabilities during such 10-year period at an average 
     funding level of $500,000,000 per year, totaling 
     $5,000,000,000 for such period.

     SEC. 1292. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

       It is the policy of the United States to provide assistance 
     to the Government of Israel for the development and 
     acquisition of advanced capabilities that Israel requires to 
     meet its security needs and to enhance United States 
     capabilities.

     SEC. 1293. SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR ISRAEL.

       Section 513(c) of the Security Assistance Act of 2000 
     (Public Law 106-280; 114 Stat. 856) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2002 and 2003'' and 
     inserting ``2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, and 
     2028'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``equal to--'' and all 
     that follows and inserting ``not less than $3,300,000,000.''; 
     and
       (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) Disbursement of funds.--Amounts authorized to be 
     available for Israel under paragraph (1) and subsection 
     (b)(1) for fiscal years 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 
     2027, and 2028 shall be disbursed not later than 30 days 
     after the date of the enactment of an Act making 
     appropriations for the Department of State, foreign 
     operations, and related programs for the respective fiscal 
     year, or October 31 of the respective fiscal year, whichever 
     is later.''.

     SEC. 1294. EXTENSION OF WAR RESERVES STOCKPILE AUTHORITY.

       (a) Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005.--
     Section 12001(d) of the Department of Defense Appropriations 
     Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-287; 118 Stat. 1011) is amended by 
     striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``after 
     September 30, 2025''.
       (b) Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.--Section 514(b)(2)(A) 
     of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
     2321h(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``2013, 2014, 2015, 
     2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020'' and inserting ``2021, 
     2022, 2023, 2024, and 2025''.

     SEC. 1295. EXTENSION OF LOAN GUARANTEES TO ISRAEL.

       Chapter 5 of title I of the Emergency Wartime Supplemental 
     Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law 108-11; 117 Stat. 576) 
     is amended under the heading ``Loan Guarantees to Israel''--
       (1) in the matter preceding the first proviso, by striking 
     ``September 30, 2023'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''; 
     and
       (2) in the second proviso, by striking ``September 30, 
     2023'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.

     SEC. 1296. TRANSFER OF PRECISION GUIDED MUNITIONS TO ISRAEL.

       (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 514 of the Foreign 
     Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h), the President is 
     authorized to transfer to Israel precision guided munitions 
     from reserve stocks for Israel in such quantities as may be 
     necessary for legitimate self-defense of Israel and is 
     otherwise consistent with the purposes and conditions for 
     such transfers under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
     2751 et seq.).
       (b) Certifications.--Except in case of emergency, as 
     determined by the President, not later than 5 days before 
     making a transfer under subsection (a), the President shall 
     certify to the appropriate congressional committees that the 
     transfer of the precision guided munitions--
       (1) does not affect the ability of the United States to 
     maintain a sufficient supply of precision guided munitions;
       (2) does not harm the combat readiness of the United States 
     or the ability of the United States to meet its commitment to 
     allies for the transfer of such munitions;
       (3) is necessary for Israel to counter the threat of 
     rockets in a timely fashion; and
       (4) is in the national security interest of the United 
     States.

     SEC. 1297. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RAPID ACQUISITION AND 
                   DEPLOYMENT PROCEDURES.

       It is the sense of Congress that the President should--
       (1) prescribe procedures for the rapid acquisition and 
     deployment of precision guided munitions for United States 
     counterterrorism missions; or
       (2) assist Israel, which is an ally of the United States, 
     to protect itself against direct missile threats.

     SEC. 1298. ELIGIBILITY OF ISRAEL FOR THE STRATEGIC TRADE 
                   AUTHORIZATION EXCEPTION TO CERTAIN EXPORT 
                   CONTROL LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) Israel has adopted high standards in the field of 
     weapons export controls.
       (2) Israel has declared its unilateral adherence to the 
     Missile Technology Control Regime, the Australia Group, and 
     the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
       (3) Israel is a party to--
       (A) the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of 
     Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of 
     Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva June 17, 
     1925 (commonly known as the ``Geneva Protocol'');
       (B) the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear 
     Material, signed at Vienna and New York March 3, 1980; and
       (C) the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the 
     Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which may be Deemed to be 
     Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects, 
     signed at Geneva October 10, 1980.
       (4) Section 6(b) of the United States-Israel Strategic 
     Partnership Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8603 note) directs the 
     President, consistent with the commitments of the United 
     States under international agreements, to take steps so that 
     Israel may be included in the list of countries eligible for 
     the strategic trade authorization exception under section 
     740.20(c)(1) of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations, to the 
     requirement for a license for the export, re-export, or in-
     country transfer of an item subject to controls under the 
     Export Administration Regulations.
       (b) Briefing on Eligibility for Strategic Trade 
     Authorization Exception.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment

[[Page S3401]]

     of this Act, the President shall brief the appropriate 
     congressional committees by describing the steps taken to 
     include Israel in the list of countries eligible for the 
     strategic trade authorization exception under section 
     740.20(c)(1) of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations, as 
     required under section 6(b) of the United States-Israel 
     Strategic Partnership Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-296).

          CHAPTER 2--ENHANCED UNITED STATES-ISRAEL COOPERATION

     SEC. 1299. UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 
                   MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING TO ENHANCE