PAYCHECK PROTECTION PROGRAM; Congressional Record Vol. 166, No. 103
(Senate - June 03, 2020)

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                      PAYCHECK PROTECTION PROGRAM

  Mr. McCONNELL. Mr. President, back in March, as the coronavirus 
pandemic began to grip our country, the Senate's historic CARES Act set 
up the Paycheck Protection Program to help protect American workers 
from layoffs during the crisis.
  Thanks especially to its chief architects, Senator Rubio and Senator 
Collins, the PPP has literally saved tens of millions of American jobs. 
Our colleagues' bold policy has meant the mailboxes of working families 
in all 50 States have continued to bring people their regular paychecks 
instead of pink slips.
  Through the end of May, this remarkable program has delivered more 
than half a trillion dollars to keep American workers on payroll all 
across our country.
  One recent survey found that more than three-quarters--three-
quarters--of all small business owners have applied for a PPP loan and 
more than 90 percent of those applicants have received one.
  The Senate has always committed to standing behind this popular 
program. Back in April when it ran low on funds, we worked together to 
add more resources, and today we are passing another piece of 
legislation that makes a few targeted changes to the program.
  To help workers and small businesses through these lengthy shutdowns 
that are just now beginning to ease, we are increasing the loan 
forgiveness period from 8 weeks to 6 months.
  Since keeping workers on payroll obviously requires small businesses 
to stay afloat in the first place, we are expanding firms' ability to 
use these funds to meet obligations like their rent, their mortgage, or 
their utility bills, but we maintain the overall requirement to avoid 
layoffs to keep the strong protection for workers in place. And we are 
providing payroll tax deferral for the small businesses involved.
  This is a bipartisan bill that passed the House overwhelmingly. I am 
proud the Senate is sending it on to the President's desk to become 
law.
  I want to thank Senator Collins and Senator Rubio once more for their 
leadership in authoring this historic program in the first place. They 
have kept right on with their essential leadership, carefully 
monitoring the policy as it has taken effect.
  I know they have identified further technical fixes in addition to 
the issues we are addressing today, and I hope and anticipate the full 
Congress will look at addressing those as well in the future.
  I also want to thank Senator Daines, Senator Tillis, and Senator 
Gardner for their hard work on these modifications.
  The Senate delivered for workers and small businesses when we first 
passed the CARES Act. We delivered again when we added more money to 
this popular program back in April, and we are delivering again today.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Democratic leader.
  Mr. SCHUMER. Mr. President, this is a very good day because very much 
needed improvements to the PPP program will now pass the Senate as they 
passed the House, 417 to 1. The PPP program is desperately needed by 
small business, and it was not in the original proposal of our 
Republican friends or of the President. We worked very hard and pushed 
hard to get this done, and I want to salute Senators Cardin and Shaheen 
for their efforts.

  The program was not at all perfect. When it first rolled out, too 
many of the big shots got money and not enough of the small 
businesses--the mom and pops, the butcher, baker, and candlestick 
maker. And nonprofits were not entitled. I pushed very hard to get 
nonprofits, including church-related nonprofits, religious-related 
nonprofits, in the bill. They can now benefit from the bill just like 
the small businesses can.
  We Democrats said, there has to be some money set aside--not just to 
give more money in COVID 3.5--to the existing businesses that had 
connections with bankers but to the smaller businesses, and $125 
billion was set aside. That was a very good thing. Now it has changed 
from a program that has gone mainly to those that had good connections 
to bankers that were well connected to many smaller businesses as well.
  In the second round, States that really needed the help got a greater 
percentage of the help, like my State of New York. So this program has 
been one that Democrats have been, initially, very positive about and 
helped propose and write but constantly worked on improving to make it 
better, better, and better. That improvement continues today. The House 
Democrats put together a bill that would deal with the kinds of 
problems we continue to see.
  Eight weeks is running out soon. Yet small businesses may not get all 
the money--may not be able to use the money when the program runs out, 
and extending it to 24 weeks is vital. In many States, like mine in New 
York, only 25 percent of the money could go to OTPS expenses, other 
than personnel expenses. That wasn't enough. A lot of businesses didn't 
want to apply.
  This bill moves it up to 40. Our Republican friends had resisted 
that. I am glad now they have seen the light.
  You will have the loan--if you go to convert your loans and get them 
forgiven, it will be 5 years that you have to pay back, not 2. Lots of 
small businesses said they couldn't dare be able to pay them back in 2. 
These are among the most important changes in the bill, as well as some 
others.
  I am glad our Republican friends have relented and passed the bill 
here as we are about to close session for this week. It passed the 
House. We Democrats have been pushing to get it done. For the last 3 
days, there were some problems on the other side, and I am glad they 
have been worked out. I want to thank Senator Johnson. He had problems, 
but we talked on the phone repeatedly and worked those problems out 
with the help of Senator Cardin. And this is an improvement that is 
much needed and comes at the last minute but not too late. So many 
businesses--8 weeks--will expire so soon, and now it is extended to 24 
weeks.
  So I am glad this bill passes. I am glad we can do it by unanimous 
consent. We Democrats are fully in support of this, every Democrat. We 
have no problems moving it forward. I know it will help a lot of small 
businesses.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The majority leader.

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