TEXT OF AMENDMENTS; Congressional Record Vol. 167, No. 72
(Senate - April 27, 2021)

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[Pages S2229-S2245]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




                           TEXT OF AMENDMENTS

  SA 1460. Mr. CARPER (for himself and Mrs. Capito) proposed an 
amendment to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under 
those Acts, and for other purposes; as follows:

        Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
     following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Drinking 
     Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Administrator.

                        TITLE I--DRINKING WATER

Sec. 101. Technical assistance and grants for emergencies affecting 
              public water systems.
Sec. 102. Drinking water State revolving loan funds.
Sec. 103. Source water petition program.
Sec. 104. Assistance for small and disadvantaged communities.
Sec. 105. Reducing lead in drinking water.
Sec. 106. Operational sustainability of small public water systems.
Sec. 107. Midsize and large drinking water system infrastructure 
              resilience and sustainability program.

[[Page S2230]]

Sec. 108. Needs assessment for nationwide rural and urban low-income 
              community water assistance.
Sec. 109. Rural and low-income water assistance pilot program.
Sec. 110. Lead contamination in school drinking water.
Sec. 111. Indian reservation drinking water program.
Sec. 112. Advanced drinking water technologies.
Sec. 113. Cybersecurity support for public water systems.

                         TITLE II--CLEAN WATER

Sec. 201. Research, investigations, training, and information.
Sec. 202. Wastewater efficiency grant pilot program.
Sec. 203. Pilot program for alternative water source projects.
Sec. 204. Sewer overflow and stormwater reuse municipal grants.
Sec. 205. Clean water infrastructure resiliency and sustainability 
              program.
Sec. 206. Small and medium publicly owned treatment works circuit rider 
              program.
Sec. 207. Small publicly owned treatment works efficiency grant 
              program.
Sec. 208. Grants for construction and refurbishing of individual 
              household decentralized wastewater systems for 
              individuals with low or moderate income.
Sec. 209. Connection to publicly owned treatment works.
Sec. 210. Clean water State revolving funds.
Sec. 211. Water infrastructure and workforce investment.
Sec. 212. Grants to Alaska to improve sanitation in rural and Native 
              villages.
Sec. 213. Water data sharing pilot program.
Sec. 214. Final rating opinion letters.
Sec. 215. Water infrastructure financing reauthorization.
Sec. 216. Small and disadvantaged community analysis.
Sec. 217. Stormwater infrastructure technology.
Sec. 218. Water Reuse Interagency Working Group.
Sec. 219. Advanced clean water technologies study.
Sec. 220. Clean watersheds needs survey.
Sec. 221. Water Resources Research Act amendments.
Sec. 222. Enhanced aquifer use and recharge.

     SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF ADMINISTRATOR.

       In this Act, the term ``Administrator'' means the 
     Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.

                        TITLE I--DRINKING WATER

     SEC. 101. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND GRANTS FOR EMERGENCIES 
                   AFFECTING PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS.

       Section 1442 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
     300j-1) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(11) Compliance Evaluation.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall--
       ``(i) evaluate, based on the compliance data found in the 
     Safe Drinking Water Information System of the Administrator, 
     the compliance of community water systems and wastewater 
     systems with environmental, health, and safety requirements 
     under this title, including water quality sampling, testing, 
     and reporting requirements; and
       ``(ii) submit to Congress a report describing trends seen 
     as a result of the evaluation under clause (i), including 
     trends that demonstrate how the characteristics of community 
     water systems and wastewater systems correlate to trends in 
     compliance or noncompliance with the requirements described 
     in that clause.
       ``(B) Requirement.--To the extent practicable, in carrying 
     out subparagraph (A), the Administrator shall determine 
     whether, in aggregate, community water systems and wastewater 
     systems maintain asset management plans.'';
       (2) in subsection (b), in the first sentence--
       (A) by inserting ``(including an emergency situation 
     resulting from a cybersecurity event)'' after ``emergency 
     situation''; and
       (B) by inserting ``, including a threat to public health 
     resulting from contaminants, such as, but not limited to, 
     heightened exposure to lead in drinking water'' after 
     ``public health'';
       (3) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out subsection (b) $35,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.'';
       (4) in subsection (e), by striking paragraph (5) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this 
     subsection $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2026.'';
       (5) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
       (6) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
       ``(f) State-based Nonprofit Organizations.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Administrator may provide technical 
     assistance consistent with the authority provided under 
     subsection (e) to State-based nonprofit organizations that 
     are governed by community water systems.
       ``(2) Communication.--Each State-based nonprofit 
     organization that receives funding under paragraph (1) shall, 
     before using that funding to undertake activities to carry 
     out this subsection, consult with the State in which the 
     assistance is to be expended or otherwise made available.''.

     SEC. 102. DRINKING WATER STATE REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS.

       (a) Drinking Water State Revolving Funds Capitalization 
     Grant Reauthorization.--Section 1452 of the Safe Drinking 
     Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(4)(A), by striking ``During fiscal 
     years 2019 through 2023, funds'' and inserting ``Funds'';
       (2) in subsection (m)(1) --
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'';
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) $2,400,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
       ``(E) $2,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
       ``(F) $3,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2024; and
       ``(G) $3,250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2025 and 
     2026.''; and
       (3) in subsection (q), by striking ``2016 through 2021'' 
     and inserting ``2022 through 2026''.
       (b) Assistance for Disadvantaged Communities.--Section 
     1452(d) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12(d)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``Notwithstanding any'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), by inserting 
     ``, grants, negative interest loans, other loan forgiveness, 
     and through buying, refinancing, or restructuring debt'' 
     after ``forgiveness of principal''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Exclusion.--A loan from a State loan fund with an 
     interest rate equal to or greater than 0 percent shall not be 
     considered additional subsidization for purposes of this 
     subsection.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(B) to the extent that there are sufficient applications 
     for loans to communities described in paragraph (1), may not 
     be less than 12 percent.''.

     SEC. 103. SOURCE WATER PETITION PROGRAM.

       Section 1454 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
     300j-14) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``political subdivision of a State,'' and 
     inserting ``political subdivision of a State (including a 
     county that is designated by the State to act on behalf of an 
     unincorporated area within that county, with the agreement of 
     that unincorporated area),'';
       (B) in paragraph (4)(D)(i), by inserting ``(including a 
     county that is designated by the State to act on behalf of an 
     unincorporated area within that county)'' after ``of the 
     State''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Savings provision.--Unless otherwise provided within 
     the agreement, an agreement between an unincorporated area 
     and a county for the county to submit a petition under 
     paragraph (1)(A) on behalf of the unincorporated area shall 
     not authorize the county to act on behalf of the 
     unincorporated area in any matter not within a program under 
     this section.''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``2021'' and inserting ``2026''.

     SEC. 104. ASSISTANCE FOR SMALL AND DISADVANTAGED COMMUNITIES.

       (a) Existing Programs.--Section 1459A of the Safe Drinking 
     Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-19a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) the purchase of point-of-entry or point-of-use 
     filters and filtration systems that are certified by a third 
     party using science-based test methods for the removal of 
     contaminants of concern;
       ``(E) investments necessary for providing accurate and 
     current information about--
       ``(i) the need for filtration and filter safety, including 
     proper use and maintenance practices; and
       ``(ii) the options for replacing lead service lines (as 
     defined section 1459B(a)) and removing other sources of lead 
     in water; and
       ``(F) entering into contracts, including contracts with 
     nonprofit organizations that have water system technical 
     expertise, to assist--
       ``(i) an eligible entity; or
       ``(ii) the State of an eligible entity, on behalf of that 
     eligible entity.'';
       (2) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``An eligible entity'' and inserting 
     ``Except for purposes of subsections (j) and (m), an eligible 
     entity'';
       (3) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``to pay not less 
     than 45 percent'' and inserting ``except as provided in 
     subsection (l)(5) and subject to subsection (h), to pay not 
     less than 10 percent'';
       (4) by striking subsection (k) and inserting the following:
       ``(k) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out subsections (a) 
     through (j)--

[[Page S2231]]

       ``(1) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
       ``(2) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
       ``(3) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2024;
       ``(4) $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2025; and
       ``(5) $140,000,000 for fiscal year 2026.''; and
       (5) in subsection (l)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``The Administrator may'' and inserting 
     ``The Administrator shall''; and
       (ii) by striking ``fiscal years 2019 and 2020'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal years 2022 through 2026'';
       (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``$4,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2019 and 2020'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026'';
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
       ``(5) Federal share for small, rural, and disadvantaged 
     communities.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), with 
     respect to a program or project that serves an eligible 
     entity and is carried out using a grant under this 
     subsection, the Federal share of the cost of the program or 
     project shall be 90 percent.
       ``(B) Waiver.--The Administrator may increase the Federal 
     share under subparagraph (A) to 100 percent if the 
     Administrator determines that an eligible entity is unable to 
     pay, or would experience significant financial hardship if 
     required to pay, the non-Federal share.''.
       (b) Connection to Public Water Systems.--Section 1459A of 
     the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-19a) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:
       ``(m) Connection to Public Water Systems.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
       ``(i) an owner or operator of a public water system that 
     assists or is seeking to assist eligible individuals with 
     connecting the household of the eligible individual to the 
     public water system; or
       ``(ii) a nonprofit entity that assists or is seeking to 
     assist eligible individuals with the costs associated with 
     connecting the household of the eligible individual to a 
     public water system.
       ``(B) Eligible individual.--The term `eligible individual' 
     has the meaning given the term in section 603(j) of the 
     Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1383(j)).
       ``(C) Program.--The term `program' means the competitive 
     grant program established under paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall establish a 
     competitive grant program for the purpose of improving the 
     general welfare under which the Administrator awards grants 
     to eligible entities to provide funds to assist eligible 
     individuals in covering the costs incurred by the eligible 
     individual in connecting the household of the eligible 
     individual to a public water system.
       ``(3) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant 
     under the program shall submit to the Administrator an 
     application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Administrator may require.
       ``(4) Voluntary connection.--Before providing funds to an 
     eligible individual for the costs described in paragraph (2), 
     an eligible entity shall ensure and certify to the 
     Administrator that--
       ``(A) the eligible individual is voluntarily seeking 
     connection to the public water system;
       ``(B) if the eligible entity is not the owner or operator 
     of the public water system to which the eligible individual 
     seeks to connect, the public water system to which the 
     eligible individual seeks to connect has agreed to the 
     connection; and
       ``(C) the connection of the household of the eligible 
     individual to the public water system meets all applicable 
     local and State regulations, requirements, and codes.
       ``(5) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes the implementation of the program, 
     which shall include a description of the use and deployment 
     of amounts made available under the program.
       ``(6) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out the program $20,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.''.
       (c) Competitive Grant Pilot Program.--Section 1459A of the 
     Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-19a) (as amended by 
     subsection (b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(n) State Competitive Grants for Underserved 
     Communities.--
       ``(1) In general.--In addition to amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated under subsection (k), there is authorized to be 
     appropriated to carry out subsections (a) through (j) 
     $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026 in 
     accordance with paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Competitive grants.--
       ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     this section, the Administrator shall distribute amounts made 
     available under paragraph (1) to States through a competitive 
     grant program.
       ``(B) Applications.--To seek a grant under the competitive 
     grant program under subparagraph (A), a State shall submit to 
     the Administrator an application at such time, in such 
     manner, and containing such information as the Administrator 
     may require.
       ``(C) Criteria.--In selecting recipients of grants under 
     the competitive grant program under subparagraph (A), the 
     Administrator shall establish criteria that give priority to 
     States with a high proportion of underserved communities that 
     meet the condition described in subsection (a)(2)(A).
       ``(3) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes the implementation of the competitive 
     grant program under paragraph (2)(A), which shall include a 
     description of the use and deployment of amounts made 
     available under the competitive grant program.
       ``(4) Savings provision.--Nothing in this paragraph affects 
     the distribution of amounts made available under subsection 
     (k), including any methods used by the Administrator for 
     distribution of amounts made available under that subsection 
     as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this 
     subsection.''.

     SEC. 105. REDUCING LEAD IN DRINKING WATER.

       Section 1459B of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
     300j-19b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(D) a qualified nonprofit organization with experience in 
     lead reduction, as determined by the Administrator; and'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
       (i) in clause (i), by striking ``publicly owned''; and
       (ii) by striking clause (iii) and inserting the following:
       ``(iii) providing assistance to eligible entities to 
     replace lead service lines, with priority for disadvantaged 
     communities based on the affordability criteria established 
     by the applicable State under section 1452(d)(3), low-income 
     homeowners, and landlords or property owners providing 
     housing to low-income renters.''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``an individual 
     provided'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (5)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``to provide 
     assistance'' and all that follows through the period at the 
     end and inserting ``to replace lead service lines, with first 
     priority given to assisting disadvantaged communities based 
     on the affordability criteria established by the applicable 
     State under section 1452(d)(3), low-income homeowners, and 
     landlords or property owners providing housing to low-income 
     renters.''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``line'' and 
     inserting ``lines''; and
       (B) in paragraph (6)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``any publicly owned 
     portion of'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (C), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i)--

       (I) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall'';
       (II) by inserting ``and may, for other homeowners,'' after 
     ``low-income homeowner,''; and
       (III) by striking ``a cost that'' and all that follows 
     through the semicolon at the end of clause (ii) and inserting 
     ``no cost to the homeowner;'';

       (iii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (iv) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``other options'' and 
     all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``feasible alternatives for reducing the concentration of 
     lead in drinking water, such as corrosion control; and''; and
       (v) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(F) shall notify the State of any planned replacement of 
     lead service lines under this program and coordinate, where 
     practicable, with other relevant infrastructure projects.'';
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) by inserting ``(except for subsection (d))'' after 
     ``this section''; and
       (B) by striking ``$60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
     through 2021'' and inserting ``$100,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2022 through 2026'';
       (4) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (5) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
       ``(d) Lead Inventorying Utilization Grant Pilot Program.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
     municipality that is served by a community water system or a 
     nontransient noncommunity water system in which not less than 
     30 percent of the service lines are known, or suspected, to 
     contain lead, based on available data, information, or 
     resources, including existing lead inventorying.
       ``(B) Pilot program.--The term `pilot program' means the 
     pilot program established under paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish a 
     pilot program under which the Administrator shall provide 
     grants to eligible entities to carry out lead reduction 
     projects that are demonstrated to exist or are suspected to 
     exist, based on available data, information, or resources, 
     including existing lead inventorying of those eligible 
     entities.
       ``(3) Selection.--

[[Page S2232]]

       ``(A) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     the pilot program, an eligible entity shall submit to the 
     Administrator an application at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing such information as the Administrator may 
     require.
       ``(B) Prioritization.--In selecting recipients under the 
     pilot program, the Administrator shall give priority to--
       ``(i) an eligible entity that meets the affordability 
     criteria of the applicable State established under section 
     1452(d)(3); and
       ``(ii) an eligible entity that is located in an area other 
     than a State that has established affordability criteria 
     under section 1452(d)(3).
       ``(4) Report.--Not later 2 years after the Administrator 
     first awards a grant under the pilot program, the 
     Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Environment 
     and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Energy 
     and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report 
     describing--
       ``(A) the recipients of grants under the pilot program;
       ``(B) the existing lead inventorying that was available to 
     recipients of grants under the pilot program; and
       ``(C) how useful and accurate the lead inventorying 
     described in subparagraph (B) was in locating lead service 
     lines of the eligible entity.
       ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out the pilot program 
     $10,000,000, to remain available until expended.''.

     SEC. 106. OPERATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY OF SMALL PUBLIC WATER 
                   SYSTEMS.

       Part E of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 1459E. OPERATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY OF SMALL PUBLIC 
                   WATER SYSTEMS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
       ``(A) a State;
       ``(B) a unit of local government;
       ``(C) a public corporation established by a unit of local 
     government to provide water service;
       ``(D) a nonprofit corporation, public trust, or cooperative 
     association that owns or operates a public water system;
       ``(E) an Indian Tribe that owns or operates a public water 
     system;
       ``(F) a nonprofit organization that provides technical 
     assistance to public water systems; and
       ``(G) a Tribal consortium.
       ``(2) Operational sustainability.--The term `operational 
     sustainability' means the ability to improve the operation of 
     a small system through the identification and prevention of 
     potable water loss due to leaks, breaks, and other metering 
     or infrastructure failures.
       ``(3) Program.--The term `program' means the grant program 
     established under subsection (b).
       ``(4) Small system.--The term `small system', for the 
     purposes of this section, means a public water system that--
       ``(A) serves fewer than 10,000 people; and
       ``(B) is owned or operated by--
       ``(i) a unit of local government;
       ``(ii) a public corporation;
       ``(iii) a nonprofit corporation;
       ``(iv) a public trust;
       ``(v) a cooperative association; or
       ``(vi) an Indian Tribe.
       ``(b) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall establish a program 
     to award grants to eligible entities for the purpose of 
     improving the operational sustainability of 1 or more small 
     systems.
       ``(c) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
     under the program, an eligible entity shall submit to the 
     Administrator an application at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing such information as the Administrator may 
     require, including--
       ``(1) a proposal of the project to be carried out using 
     grant funds under the program;
       ``(2) documentation provided by the eligible entity 
     describing the deficiencies or suspected deficiencies in 
     operational sustainability of 1 or more small systems that 
     are to be addressed through the proposed project;
       ``(3) a description of how the proposed project will 
     improve the operational sustainability of 1 or more small 
     systems;
       ``(4) a description of how the improvements described in 
     paragraph (3) will be maintained beyond the life of the 
     proposed project, including a plan to maintain and update any 
     asset data collected as a result of the proposed project; and
       ``(5) any additional information the Administrator may 
     require.
       ``(d) Additional Required Information.--Before the award of 
     funds for a grant under the program to a grant recipient, the 
     grant recipient shall submit to the Administrator--
       ``(1) if the grant recipient is located in a State that has 
     established a State drinking water treatment revolving loan 
     fund under section 1452, a copy of a written agreement 
     between the grant recipient and the State in which the grant 
     recipient agrees to provide a copy of any data collected 
     under the proposed project to the State agency administering 
     the State drinking water treatment revolving loan fund (or a 
     designee); or
       ``(2) if the grant recipient is located in an area other 
     than a State that has established a State drinking water 
     treatment revolving loan fund under section 1452, a copy of a 
     written agreement between the grant recipient and the 
     Administrator in which the eligible entity agrees to provide 
     a copy of any data collected under the proposed project to 
     the Administrator (or a designee).
       ``(e) Use of Funds.--An eligible entity that receives a 
     grant under the program shall use the grant funds to carry 
     out projects that improve the operational sustainability of 1 
     or more small systems through--
       ``(1) the development of a detailed asset inventory, which 
     may include drinking water sources, wells, storage, valves, 
     treatment systems, distribution lines, hydrants, pumps, 
     controls, and other essential infrastructure;
       ``(2) the development of an infrastructure asset map, 
     including a map that uses technology such as--
       ``(A) geographic information system software; and
       ``(B) global positioning system software;
       ``(3) the deployment of leak detection technology;
       ``(4) the deployment of metering technology;
       ``(5) training in asset management strategies, techniques, 
     and technologies for appropriate staff employed by--
       ``(A) the eligible entity; or
       ``(B) the small systems for which the grant was received;
       ``(6) the deployment of strategies, techniques, and 
     technologies to enhance the operational sustainability and 
     effective use of water resources through water reuse; and
       ``(7) the development or deployment of other strategies, 
     techniques, or technologies that the Administrator may 
     determine to be appropriate under the program.
       ``(f) Cost Share.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Federal 
     share of the cost of a project carried out using a grant 
     under the program shall be 90 percent of the total cost of 
     the project.
       ``(2) Waiver.--The Administrator may increase the Federal 
     share under paragraph (1) to 100 percent.
       ``(g) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes the implementation of the program, 
     which shall include a description of the use and deployment 
     of amounts made available under the program.
       ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.''.

     SEC. 107. MIDSIZE AND LARGE DRINKING WATER SYSTEM 
                   INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABILITY 
                   PROGRAM.

       Part E of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j et 
     seq.) (as amended by section 106) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:

     ``SEC. 1459F. MIDSIZE AND LARGE DRINKING WATER SYSTEM 
                   INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABILITY 
                   PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
     public water system that serves a community with a population 
     of 10,000 or more.
       ``(2) Natural hazard; resilience.--The terms `resilience' 
     and `natural hazard' have the meanings given those terms in 
     section 1433(h).
       ``(3) Resilience and sustainability program.--The term 
     `resilience and sustainability program' means the Midsize and 
     Large Drinking Water System Infrastructure Resilience and 
     Sustainability Program established under subsection (b).
       ``(b) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish and 
     carry out a program, to be known as the `Midsize and Large 
     Drinking Water System Infrastructure Resilience and 
     Sustainability Program', under which the Administrator, 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for the 
     resilience and sustainability program, shall award grants to 
     eligible entities for the purpose of--
       ``(1) increasing resilience to natural hazards and extreme 
     weather events; and
       ``(2) reducing cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
       ``(c) Use of Funds.--An eligible entity may only use grant 
     funds received under the resilience and sustainability 
     program to assist in the planning, design, construction, 
     implementation, operation, or maintenance of a program or 
     project that increases resilience to natural hazards and 
     extreme weather events, or reduces cybersecurity 
     vulnerabilities, through--
       ``(1) the conservation of water or the enhancement of 
     water-use efficiency;
       ``(2) the modification or relocation of existing drinking 
     water system infrastructure made, or that is at risk of 
     being, significantly impaired by natural hazards or extreme 
     weather events, including risks to drinking water from 
     flooding;
       ``(3) the design or construction of new or modified 
     desalination facilities to serve existing communities;
       ``(4) the enhancement of water supply through the use of 
     watershed management and source water protection;
       ``(5) the enhancement of energy efficiency or the use and 
     generation of renewable energy in the conveyance or treatment 
     of drinking water;
       ``(6) the development and implementation of measures--
       ``(A) to increase the resilience of the eligible entity to 
     natural hazards and extreme weather events; or

[[Page S2233]]

       ``(B) to reduce cybersecurity vulnerabilities;
       ``(7) the conservation of water or the enhancement of a 
     water supply through the implementation of water reuse 
     measures; or
       ``(8) the formation of regional water partnerships to 
     collaboratively address documented water shortages.
       ``(d) Application.--To seek a grant under the resilience 
     and sustainability program, an eligible entity shall submit 
     to the Administrator an application at such time, in such 
     manner, and containing such information as the Administrator 
     may require, including--
       ``(1) a proposal of the program or project to be planned, 
     designed, constructed, implemented, operated, or maintained 
     by the eligible entity;
       ``(2) an identification of the natural hazard risks, 
     extreme weather events, or potential cybersecurity 
     vulnerabilities, as applicable, to be addressed by the 
     proposed program or project;
       ``(3) documentation prepared by a Federal, State, regional, 
     or local government agency of the natural hazard risk, 
     potential cybersecurity vulnerability, or risk for extreme 
     weather events to the area where the proposed program or 
     project is to be located;
       ``(4) a description of any recent natural hazards, 
     cybersecurity events, or extreme weather events that have 
     affected the community water system of the eligible entity;
       ``(5) a description of how the proposed program or project 
     would improve the performance of the community water system 
     of the eligible entity under the anticipated natural hazards, 
     cybersecurity vulnerabilities, or extreme weather events; and
       ``(6) an explanation of how the proposed program or project 
     is expected--
       ``(A) to enhance the resilience of the community water 
     system of the eligible entity to the anticipated natural 
     hazards or extreme weather events; or
       ``(B) to reduce cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
       ``(e) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes the implementation of the resilience 
     and sustainability program, which shall include a description 
     of the use and deployment of amounts made available to carry 
     out the resilience and sustainability program.
       ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out the resilience and sustainability program 
     $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.
       ``(2) Use of funds.--Of the amounts made available under 
     paragraph (1) for grants to eligible entities under the 
     resilience and sustainability program--
       ``(A) 50 percent shall be used to provide grants to 
     eligible entities that serve a population of--
       ``(i) equal to or greater than 10,000; and
       ``(ii) fewer than 100,000; and
       ``(B) 50 percent shall be used to provide grants to 
     eligible entities that serve a population equal to or greater 
     than 100,000.
       ``(3) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts made available 
     under paragraph (1), not more than 2 percent may be used by 
     the Administrator for the administrative costs of carrying 
     out the resilience and sustainability program.''.

     SEC. 108. NEEDS ASSESSMENT FOR NATIONWIDE RURAL AND URBAN 
                   LOW-INCOME COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section and section 109:
       (1) Community water system.--The term ``community water 
     system'' has the meaning given the term in section 1401 of 
     the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f).
       (2) Large water service provider.--The term ``large water 
     service provider'' means a community water system, treatment 
     works, or municipal separate storm sewer system that serves 
     more than 100,000 people.
       (3) Medium water service provider.--The term ``medium water 
     service provider'' means a community water system, treatment 
     works, or municipal separate storm sewer system that serves 
     more than 10,000 people and not more than 100,000 people.
       (4) Need.--The term ``need'', with respect to a qualifying 
     household, means the expenditure of a disproportionate amount 
     of household income on access to public drinking water or 
     wastewater services.
       (5) Qualifying household.--The term ``qualifying 
     household'' means a household that--
       (A) includes an individual who is--
       (i) the holder of an account for drinking water or 
     wastewater service that is provided to that household by a 
     large water service provider, a medium water service 
     provider, or a rural water service provider; or
       (ii) separately billed by a landlord that holds an account 
     with a large water service provider, a medium water service 
     provider, or a rural water service provider for the cost of 
     drinking water or wastewater service provided to that 
     household by the respective large water service provider, 
     medium water service provider, or rural water service 
     provider; and
       (B) is determined--
       (i) by a large water service provider, a medium water 
     service provider, or a rural water service provider to be 
     eligible for assistance through a low-income ratepayer 
     assistance program;
       (ii) by the Governor of the State in which the household is 
     located to be low-income, based on the affordability criteria 
     established by the State under section 1452(d)(3) of the Safe 
     Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12(d)(3));
       (iii) by the Administrator to experience drinking water and 
     wastewater service costs that exceed the metrics of 
     affordability established in the most recent guidance of the 
     Administrator entitled ``Financial Capability Assessment 
     Guidance''; or
       (iv) in the case of a household serviced by a rural water 
     service provider, by the State in which the household is 
     located to have an annual income that does not exceed the 
     greater of--

       (I) an amount equal to 150 percent of the poverty level of 
     that State; and
       (II) an amount equal to 60 percent of the State median 
     income for that State.

       (6) Rural water service provider.--The term ``rural water 
     service provider'' means a community water system, treatment 
     works, or municipal separate storm sewer system that serves 
     not more than 10,000 people.
       (7) Treatment works.--The term ``treatment works'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 212 of the Federal Water 
     Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1292).
       (b) Study; Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Administrator shall conduct, and 
     submit to Congress a report describing the results of, a 
     study that examines the prevalence throughout the United 
     States of municipalities, public entities, or Tribal 
     governments that--
       (A) are serviced by rural water service providers, medium 
     water service providers, or large water service providers 
     that service a disproportionate percentage, as determined by 
     the Administrator, of qualifying households with need; or
       (B) as determined by the Administrator, have taken on an 
     unsustainable level of debt due to customer nonpayment for 
     the services provided by a large water service provider, a 
     medium water service provider, or a rural water service 
     provider.
       (2) Affordability inclusions.--The report under paragraph 
     (1) shall include--
       (A) a definition of the term ``affordable access to water 
     services'';
       (B) a description of the criteria used in defining 
     ``affordable access to water services'' under subparagraph 
     (A);
       (C) a definition of the term ``lack of affordable access to 
     water services'';
       (D) a description of the methodology and criteria used in 
     defining ``lack of affordable access to water services'' 
     under subparagraph (C);
       (E) a determination of the prevalence of a lack of 
     affordable access to water services, as defined under 
     subparagraph (C);
       (F) the methodology and criteria used to determine the 
     prevalence of a lack of affordable access to water services 
     under subparagraph (E);
       (G) any additional information with respect to the 
     affordable access to water services, as defined under 
     subparagraph (A), provided by rural water service providers, 
     medium water service providers, and large water service 
     providers;
       (H) with respect to the development of the report, a 
     consultation with all relevant stakeholders, including rural 
     advocacy associations;
       (I) recommendations of the Administrator regarding the best 
     methods to reduce the prevalence of a lack of affordable 
     access to water services, as defined under subparagraph (C); 
     and
       (J) a description of the cost of each method described in 
     subparagraph (I).
       (3) Agreements.--The Administrator may enter into an 
     agreement with another Federal agency to carry out the study 
     under paragraph (1).

     SEC. 109. RURAL AND LOW-INCOME WATER ASSISTANCE PILOT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
       (A) a municipality, Tribal government, or other entity 
     that--
       (i) owns or operates a community water system, treatment 
     works, or municipal separate storm sewer system; or
       (ii) as determined by the Administrator, has taken on an 
     unsustainable level of debt due to customer nonpayment for 
     the services provided by a community water system, treatment 
     works, or municipal separate storm sewer system; and
       (B) a State exercising primary enforcement responsibility 
     over a rural water service provider under the Safe Drinking 
     Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.) or the Federal Water 
     Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), as 
     applicable.
       (2) Pilot program.--The term ``pilot program'' means the 
     pilot program established by the Administrator under 
     subsection (b)(1).
       (3) Water services needs assessment.--The term ``water 
     services needs assessment'' means the report required under 
     section 108(b)(1).
       (b) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a 
     pilot program to award grants to eligible entities to develop 
     and implement programs to assist qualifying households with 
     need in maintaining access to drinking water and wastewater 
     treatment.
       (2) Requirement.--In establishing the pilot program, the 
     Administrator shall ensure that data from the water services 
     needs assessment directly contributes to the structure of the 
     pilot program by informing the

[[Page S2234]]

     types of assistance and criteria used for priority 
     consideration with the demonstrated need from the study 
     conducted under section 108(b)(1) and the water services 
     needs assessment.
       (3) Use of funds limitations.--A grant under the pilot 
     program--
       (A) shall not be used to replace funds for any existing 
     similar program; but
       (B) may be used to supplement or enhance an existing 
     program, including a program that receives assistance from 
     other Federal grants.
       (4) Term.--The term of a grant awarded under the pilot 
     program shall be subject to the availability of 
     appropriations.
       (5) Types of assistance.--In establishing the pilot 
     program, the Administrator may include provisions for--
       (A) direct financial assistance;
       (B) a lifeline rate;
       (C) bill discounting;
       (D) special hardship provisions;
       (E) a percentage-of-income payment plan; or
       (F) debt relief for the eligible entity or the community 
     water system owned by the eligible entity for debt that is 
     due to customer nonpayment for the services provided by the 
     eligible entity or the community water system that is 
     determined by the Administrator to be in the interest of 
     public health.
       (6) Requirement.--The Administrator shall award not more 
     than 40 grants under the pilot program, of which--
       (A) not more than 8 shall be to eligible entities that own, 
     operate, or exercise primary enforcement responsibility over 
     a rural water service provider under the Safe Drinking Water 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.) or the Federal Water Pollution 
     Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), as applicable;
       (B) not more than 8 shall be to eligible entities that own 
     or operate a medium water service provider;
       (C) not more than 8 shall be to eligible entities that own 
     or operate a large water service provider that serves not 
     more than 500,000 people;
       (D) not more than 8 shall be to eligible entities that own 
     or operate a large water service provider that serves more 
     than 500,000 people; and
       (E) not more than 8 shall be to eligible entities that own 
     or operate a community water system, treatment works, or 
     municipal separate storm sewer system that services a 
     disadvantaged community (consistent with the affordability 
     criteria established by the applicable State under section 
     1452(d)(3) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-
     12(d)(3)) or section 603(i)(2) of the Federal Water Pollution 
     Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1383(i)(2)), as applicable).
       (7) Criteria.--In addition to any priority criteria 
     established by the Administrator in response to the findings 
     in the water services needs assessment, in awarding grants 
     under the pilot program, the Administrator shall give 
     priority consideration to eligible entities that--
       (A) serve a disproportionate percentage, as determined by 
     the Administrator, of qualifying households with need, as 
     identified in the water services needs assessment;
       (B) are subject to State or Federal enforcement actions 
     relating to compliance with the Federal Water Pollution 
     Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) or the Safe Drinking 
     Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.); or
       (C) maintain or participate in an existing community 
     assistance program with objectives similar to the objectives 
     of the pilot program, as determined by the Administrator.
       (8) Reporting requirements.--
       (A) In general.--In addition to any other applicable 
     Federal or agency-specific grant reporting requirements, as a 
     condition of receiving a grant under the pilot program, an 
     eligible entity (or a State, on behalf of an eligible entity) 
     shall submit to the Administrator an annual report that 
     summarizes, in a manner determined by the Administrator, the 
     use of grant funds by the eligible entity, including--
       (i) key features of the assistance provided by the eligible 
     entity;
       (ii) sources of funding used to supplement Federal funds; 
     and
       (iii) eligibility criteria.
       (B) Publication.--The Administrator shall publish each 
     report submitted under subparagraph (A).
       (c) Technical Assistance.--The Administrator shall provide 
     technical assistance to each eligible entity, and each State, 
     on behalf of an eligible entity, that receives a grant under 
     the pilot program to support implementation of the program.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on which 
     grant funds are first disbursed to an eligible entity (or a 
     State, on behalf of an eligible entity) under the program, 
     and every year thereafter for the duration of the terms of 
     the grants, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report on the results of the pilot program.

     SEC. 110. LEAD CONTAMINATION IN SCHOOL DRINKING WATER.

       Section 1464 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
     300j-24) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``public water 
     systems and'' after ``to assist''; and
       (B) in the third sentence, by inserting ``public water 
     systems,'' after ``schools,''; and
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
     Reduction'' after ``Lead Testing'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Administrator'' 
     and all that follows through the period at the end and 
     inserting the following: ``the Administrator shall establish 
     a voluntary school and child care program lead testing, 
     compliance monitoring, and lead reduction grant program to 
     make grants available to--
       ``(i) States to assist local educational agencies, public 
     water systems that serve schools and child care programs 
     under the jurisdiction of those local educational agencies, 
     and qualified nonprofit organizations in voluntary testing or 
     compliance monitoring for and remediation of lead 
     contamination in drinking water at schools and child care 
     programs under the jurisdiction of those local educational 
     agencies; and
       ``(ii) tribal consortia to assist tribal education agencies 
     (as defined in section 3 of the National Environmental 
     Education Act (20 U.S.C. 5502)), public water systems that 
     serve schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction 
     of those tribal education agencies, and qualified nonprofit 
     organizations in voluntary testing or compliance monitoring 
     for and remediation of lead contamination in drinking water 
     at schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of 
     those tribal education agencies.''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``or 
     compliance monitoring for or remediation of lead 
     contamination'' after ``voluntary testing'';
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (III) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (IV) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(iii) any public water system that is located in a State 
     that does not participate in the voluntary grant program 
     established under subparagraph (A) that--

       ``(I) assists schools or child care programs in lead 
     testing;
       ``(II) assists schools or child care programs with 
     compliance monitoring;
       ``(III) assists schools with carrying out projects to 
     remediate lead contamination in drinking water; or
       ``(IV) provides technical assistance to schools or child 
     care programs in carrying out lead testing; or

       ``(iv) a qualified nonprofit organization, as determined by 
     the Administrator.'';
       (C) in paragraphs (3), (5), (6), and (7), by striking 
     ``State or local educational agency'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``State, local educational agency, public water 
     system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit 
     organization'';
       (D) in paragraph (4)--
       (i) by striking ``States and local educational agencies'' 
     and inserting ``States, local educational agencies, public 
     water systems, tribal consortia, and qualified nonprofit 
     organizations''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``or the remediation of'' after ``testing 
     for'';
       (E) in paragraph (6)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``State or local educational agency'' and 
     inserting ``State, local educational agency, public water 
     system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit agency''; 
     and
       (II) by inserting ``, public water system, tribal 
     consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization'' after 
     ``each local educational agency'';

       (ii) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--

       (I) by inserting ``or tribal'' after ``applicable State''; 
     and
       (II) by striking ``reducing lead'' and inserting 
     ``voluntary testing or compliance monitoring for and 
     remediation of lead contamination''; and

       (iii) in subparagraph (B)(i), by inserting ``applicable'' 
     before ``local educational agency'';
       (F) in paragraph (7), by striking ``testing for'' and 
     inserting ``testing or compliance monitoring for or 
     remediation of''; and
       (G) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following:
       ``(8) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection--
       ``(A) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
       ``(B) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
       ``(C) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2024;
       ``(D) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2025; and
       ``(E) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2026.''.

     SEC. 111. INDIAN RESERVATION DRINKING WATER PROGRAM.

       Section 2001 of the America's Water Infrastructure Act of 
     2018 (42 U.S.C. 300j-3c note; Public Law 115-270) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
     Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency'' and 
     inserting ``The Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
     Agency (referred to in this section as the 
     `Administrator')''; and
       (B) by striking ``to implement'' in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) and all that follows through the period at the 
     end of paragraph (2) and inserting ``to implement eligible 
     projects described in subsection (b).'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) that will--
       ``(A) improve water quality, water pressure, or water 
     services through means such as connecting to, expanding, 
     repairing, improving, or obtaining water from a public water 
     system (as defined in section 1401 of

[[Page S2235]]

     the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f)); or
       ``(B) improve water quality or sanitation or wastewater 
     services at a treatment works (as defined in section 212 of 
     the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1292)).'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (g);
       (4) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
       ``(c) Required Projects.--
       ``(1) In general.--If sufficient projects exist, of the 
     funds made available to carry out this section, the 
     Administrator shall use 50 percent to carry out--
       ``(A) 10 eligible projects described in subsection (b) that 
     are within the Upper Missouri River Basin;
       ``(B) 10 eligible projects described in subsection (b) that 
     are within the Upper Rio Grande Basin;
       ``(C) 10 eligible projects described in subsection (b) that 
     are within the Columbia River Basin;
       ``(D) 10 eligible projects described in subsection (b) that 
     are within the Lower Colorado River Basin; and
       ``(E) 10 eligible projects described in subsection (b) that 
     are within the Arkansas-White-Red River Basin.
       ``(2) Requirement.--In carrying out paragraph (1)(A), the 
     Administrator shall select not fewer than 2 eligible projects 
     for a reservation that serves more than 1 federally 
     recognized Indian Tribe.
       ``(d) Priority.--In selecting projects to carry out under 
     this section, the Administrator shall give priority to 
     projects that--
       ``(1) respond to emergency situations occurring due to or 
     resulting in a lack of access to clean drinking water that 
     threatens the health of Tribal populations;
       ``(2) would serve a Tribal population that would qualify as 
     a disadvantaged community based on the affordability criteria 
     established by the applicable State under section 1452(d)(3) 
     of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12(d)(3)); or
       ``(3) would address the underlying factors contributing 
     to--
       ``(A) an enforcement action commenced pursuant to the Safe 
     Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.) against the 
     applicable public water system (as defined in section 1401 of 
     that Act (42 U.S.C. 300f)) as of the date of enactment of the 
     Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021; or
       ``(B) an enforcement action commenced pursuant to the 
     Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) 
     against the applicable treatment works (as defined in section 
     212 of that Act (33 U.S.C. 1292)) as of the date of enactment 
     of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 
     2021.
       ``(e) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
     project carried out under this section shall be 100 percent.
       ``(f) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes the implementation of the program 
     established under subsection (a), which shall include a 
     description of the use and deployment of amounts made 
     available under that program.''; and
       (5) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by striking ``There is'' and inserting ``There are'';
       (B) by striking ``subsection (a) $20,000,000'' and 
     inserting the following: ``subsection (a)--
       ``(1) $20,000,000'';
       (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking 
     ``2022.'' and inserting ``2021; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2026.''.

     SEC. 112. ADVANCED DRINKING WATER TECHNOLOGIES.

       Part E of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j et 
     seq.) (as amended by section 107) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:

     ``SEC. 1459G. ADVANCED DRINKING WATER TECHNOLOGIES.

       ``(a) Study.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall carry out a study that 
     examines the state of existing and potential future 
     technology, including technology that could address 
     cybersecurity vulnerabilities, that enhances or could enhance 
     the treatment, monitoring, affordability, efficiency, and 
     safety of drinking water provided by a public water system.
       ``(2) Report.--The Administrator shall submit to the 
     Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives a report that describes the results of the 
     study under paragraph (1).
       ``(b) Advanced Drinking Water Technology Grant Program.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means 
     the owner or operator of a public water system that--
       ``(i) serves--

       ``(I) a population of not more than 100,000 people; or
       ``(II) a community described in section 1459A(c)(2);

       ``(ii) has plans to identify or has identified 
     opportunities in the operations of the public water system to 
     employ new, existing, or emerging, yet proven, technologies, 
     including technology that could address cybersecurity 
     vulnerabilities, as determined by the Administrator, that 
     enhance treatment, monitoring, affordability, efficiency, or 
     safety of the drinking water provided by the public water 
     system, including technologies not identified in the study 
     conducted under subsection (a)(1); and
       ``(iii) has expressed an interest in the opportunities in 
     the operation of the public water system to employ new, 
     existing, or emerging, yet proven, technologies, including 
     technology that could address cybersecurity vulnerabilities, 
     as determined by the Administrator, that enhance treatment, 
     monitoring, affordability, efficiency, or safety of the 
     drinking water provided by the public water system, including 
     technologies not identified in the study conducted under 
     subsection (a)(1).
       ``(B) Program.--The term `program' means the competitive 
     grant program established under paragraph (2).
       ``(C) Underserved community.--The term `underserved 
     community' means a political subdivision of a State that, as 
     determined by the Administrator, has an inadequate system for 
     obtaining drinking water.
       ``(2) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish a 
     competitive grant program under which the Administrator shall 
     award grants to eligible entities for the purpose of 
     identifying, deploying, or identifying and deploying 
     technologies described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii).
       ``(3) Requirements.--
       ``(A) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
     under the program, an eligible entity shall submit to the 
     Administrator an application at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing such information as the Administrator may 
     require.
       ``(B) Federal share.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the Federal 
     share of the cost of a project carried out using a grant 
     under the program shall not exceed 90 percent of the total 
     cost of the project.
       ``(ii) Waiver.--The Administrator may increase the Federal 
     share under clause (i) to 100 percent if the Administrator 
     determines that an eligible entity is unable to pay, or would 
     experience significant financial hardship if required to pay, 
     the non-Federal share.
       ``(4) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
     which the Administrator first awards a grant under the 
     program, and annually thereafter, the Administrator shall 
     submit to Congress a report describing--
       ``(A) each recipient of a grant under the program during 
     the previous 1-year period; and
       ``(B) a summary of the activities carried out using grants 
     awarded under the program.
       ``(5) Funding.--
       ``(A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out the program $10,000,000 for 
     each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026, to remain available 
     until expended.
       ``(B) Administrative costs.--Not more than 2 percent of the 
     amount made available for a fiscal year under subparagraph 
     (A) to carry out the program may be used by the Administrator 
     for the administrative costs of carrying out the program.''.

     SEC. 113. CYBERSECURITY SUPPORT FOR PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS.

       Part B of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 1420A. CYBERSECURITY SUPPORT FOR PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     `appropriate Congressional committees' means--
       ``(A) the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the 
     Senate;
       ``(B) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       ``(C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       ``(D) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives.
       ``(2) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
     the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency.
       ``(3) Incident.--The term `incident' has the meaning given 
     the term in section 3552 of title 44, United States Code.
       ``(4) Prioritization framework.--The term `Prioritization 
     Framework' means the prioritization framework developed by 
     the Administrator under subsection (b)(1)(A).
       ``(5) Support plan.--The term `Support Plan' means the 
     Technical Cybersecurity Support Plan developed by the 
     Administrator under subsection (b)(2)(A).
       ``(b) Identification of and Support for Public Water 
     Systems.--
       ``(1) Prioritization framework.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater 
     Infrastructure Act of 2021, the Administrator, in 
     coordination with the Director, shall develop a 
     prioritization framework to identify public water systems 
     (including sources of water for those public water systems) 
     that, if degraded or rendered inoperable due to an incident, 
     would lead to significant impacts on the health and safety of 
     the public.
       ``(B) Considerations.--In developing the Prioritization 
     Framework, to the extent practicable, the Administrator shall 
     incorporate consideration of--

[[Page S2236]]

       ``(i) whether cybersecurity vulnerabilities for a public 
     water system have been identified under section 1433;
       ``(ii) the capacity of a public water system to remediate a 
     cybersecurity vulnerability without additional Federal 
     support;
       ``(iii) whether a public water system serves a defense 
     installation or critical national security asset; and
       ``(iv) whether a public water system, if degraded or 
     rendered inoperable due to an incident, would cause a 
     cascading failure of other critical infrastructure.
       ``(2) Technical cybersecurity support plan.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
     of enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater 
     Infrastructure Act of 2021, the Administrator, in 
     coordination with the Director and using existing authorities 
     of the Administrator and the Director for providing voluntary 
     support to public water systems and the Prioritization 
     Framework, shall develop a Technical Cybersecurity Support 
     Plan for public water systems.
       ``(B) Requirements.--The Support Plan--
       ``(i) shall establish a methodology for identifying 
     specific public water systems for which cybersecurity support 
     should be prioritized;
       ``(ii) shall establish timelines for making voluntary 
     technical support for cybersecurity available to specific 
     public water systems;
       ``(iii) may include public water systems identified by the 
     Administrator, in coordination with the Director, as needing 
     technical support for cybersecurity;
       ``(iv) shall include specific capabilities of the 
     Administrator and the Director that may be utilized to 
     provide support to public water systems under the Support 
     Plan, including--

       ``(I) site vulnerability and risk assessments;
       ``(II) penetration tests; and
       ``(III) any additional support determined to be appropriate 
     by the Administrator; and

       ``(v) shall only include plans for providing voluntary 
     support to public water systems.
       ``(3) Consultation required.--In developing the 
     Prioritization Framework pursuant to paragraph (1) and the 
     Support Plan pursuant to paragraph (2), the Administrator 
     shall consult with such Federal or non-Federal entities as 
     determined to be appropriate by the Administrator.
       ``(4) Reports required.--
       ``(A) Prioritization framework.--Not later than 190 days 
     after the date of enactment of the Drinking Water and 
     Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021, the Administrator 
     shall submit to the appropriate Congressional committees a 
     report describing the Prioritization Framework.
       ``(B) Technical cybersecurity support plan.--Not later than 
     280 days after the date of enactment of the Drinking Water 
     and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021, the Administrator 
     shall submit to the appropriate Congressional committees--
       ``(i) the Support Plan; and
       ``(ii) a list describing any public water systems 
     identified by the Administrator, in coordination with the 
     Director, as needing technical support for cybersecurity 
     during the development of the Support Plan.
       ``(c) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section--
       ``(1) alters the existing authorities of the Administrator; 
     or
       ``(2) compels a public water system to accept technical 
     support offered by the Administrator.''.

                         TITLE II--CLEAN WATER

     SEC. 201. RESEARCH, INVESTIGATIONS, TRAINING, AND 
                   INFORMATION.

       (a) Reauthorization.--Section 104(u) of the Federal Water 
     Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1254(u)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and (7)'' and inserting ``(7)''; and
       (2) in paragraph (7)--
       (A) by striking ``2023'' and inserting ``2021''; and
       (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; and 
     (8) not to exceed $75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 
     through 2026 for carrying out subsections (b)(3), (b)(8), and 
     (g), of which not less than $50,000,000 each fiscal year 
     shall be used to carry out subsection (b)(8).''.
       (b) Communication.--Each nonprofit organization that 
     receives funding under paragraph (8) of section 104(b) of the 
     Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1254(b)) 
     shall, before using that funding to undertake activities to 
     carry out that paragraph, consult with the State in which the 
     assistance is to be expended or otherwise made available.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
     Congress a report that describes the implementation of the 
     grants authorized under subsections (b)(3), (b)(8), and (g) 
     of section 104 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1254), which shall include a description of the grant 
     recipients and grant amounts made available to carry out 
     those subsections.

     SEC. 202. WASTEWATER EFFICIENCY GRANT PILOT PROGRAM.

       Title II of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1281 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 222. WASTEWATER EFFICIENCY GRANT PILOT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall establish a 
     wastewater efficiency grant pilot program (referred to in 
     this section as the `pilot program') to award grants to 
     owners or operators of publicly owned treatment works to 
     carry out projects that create or improve waste-to-energy 
     systems.
       ``(b) Selection.--
       ``(1) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
     under the pilot program, an owner or operator of a treatment 
     works shall submit to the Administrator an application at 
     such time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
     the Administrator may require.
       ``(2) Number of recipients.--The Administrator shall select 
     not more than 15 recipients of grants under the pilot program 
     from applications submitted under paragraph (1).
       ``(c) Use of Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), a recipient of 
     a grant under the pilot program may use grant funds for--
       ``(A) sludge collection;
       ``(B) installation of anaerobic digesters;
       ``(C) methane capture;
       ``(D) methane transfer;
       ``(E) facility upgrades and retrofits necessary to create 
     or improve waste-to-energy systems; and
       ``(F) other new and emerging, but proven, technologies that 
     transform waste to energy.
       ``(2) Limitation.--A grant to a recipient under the pilot 
     program shall be not more than $4,000,000.
       ``(d) Reports.--
       ``(1) Report to the administrator.--Not later than 2 years 
     after receiving a grant under the pilot program and each year 
     thereafter for which amounts are made available for the pilot 
     program under subsection (e), the recipient of the grant 
     shall submit to the Administrator a report describing the 
     impact of that project on the communities within 3 miles of 
     the treatment works.
       ``(2) Report to congress.--Not later than 1 year after 
     first awarding grants under the pilot program and each year 
     thereafter for which amounts are made available for the pilot 
     program under subsection (e), the Administrator shall submit 
     to Congress a report describing--
       ``(A) the applications received by the Administrator for 
     grants under the pilot program; and
       ``(B) the projects for which grants were awarded under the 
     pilot program.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out the pilot program $20,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2022 through 2026, to remain available until expended.
       ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''.

     SEC. 203. PILOT PROGRAM FOR ALTERNATIVE WATER SOURCE 
                   PROJECTS.

       Section 220 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1300) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), in the heading, by striking ``In 
     General'' and inserting ``Establishment'';
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``construction'' before 
     ``funds'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
       (3) by striking subsection (e);
       (4) in subsection (i)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``, 
     the following definitions apply''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``water or wastewater or by treating wastewater'' and 
     inserting ``water, wastewater, or stormwater or by treating 
     wastewater or stormwater for groundwater recharge, potable 
     reuse, or other purposes'';
       (5) in subsection (j)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``There is'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--There is'';
       (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking ``a 
     total of $75,000,000 for fiscal years 2002 through 2004. Such 
     sums shall'' and inserting ``$25,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2022 through 2026, to''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''; and
       (6) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), (i), and 
     (j) as subsections (c), (d), (e), (b), and (i), respectively, 
     and moving those subsections so as to appear in alphabetical 
     order.

     SEC. 204. SEWER OVERFLOW AND STORMWATER REUSE MUNICIPAL 
                   GRANTS.

       Section 221 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1301) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1) --
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
     and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) notification systems to inform the public of combined 
     sewer or sanitary overflows that result in sewage being 
     released into rivers and other waters; and'';
       (2) in subsection (d)--

[[Page S2237]]

       (A) in the second sentence, by striking ``The non-Federal 
     share of the cost'' and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Types of non-federal share.--The applicable non-
     Federal share of the cost under this subsection'';
       (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Federal'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Federal''; and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) (as so designated) the 
     following:
       ``(2) Rural and financially distressed communities.--To the 
     maximum extent practicable, the Administrator shall work with 
     States to prevent the non-Federal share requirements under 
     this subsection from being passed on to rural communities and 
     financially distressed communities (as those terms are 
     defined in subsection (f)(2)(B)(i)).'';
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out this section $280,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2022 through 2026.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``To the extent'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) Green projects.--To the extent''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Rural or financially distressed community 
     allocation.--
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:

       ``(I) Financially distressed community.--The term 
     `financially distressed community' has the meaning given the 
     term in subsection (c)(1).
       ``(II) Rural community.--The term `rural community' means a 
     city, town, or unincorporated area that has a population of 
     not more than 10,000 inhabitants.

       ``(ii) Allocation.--

       ``(I) In general.--To the extent there are sufficient 
     eligible project applications, the Administrator shall ensure 
     that a State uses not less than 25 percent of the amount of 
     the grants made to the State under subsection (a) in a fiscal 
     year to carry out projects in rural communities or 
     financially distressed communities for the purpose of 
     planning, design, and construction of--

       ``(aa) treatment works to intercept, transport, control, 
     treat, or reuse municipal sewer overflows, sanitary sewer 
     overflows, or stormwater; or
       ``(bb) any other measures to manage, reduce, treat, or 
     recapture stormwater or subsurface drainage water eligible 
     for assistance under section 603(c).

       ``(II) Rural communities.--Of the funds allocated under 
     subclause (I) for the purposes described in that subclause, 
     to the extent there are sufficient eligible project 
     applications, the Administrator shall ensure that a State 
     uses not less than 60 percent to carry out projects in rural 
     communities.''; and

       (4) in subsection (i)--
       (A) in the second sentence, by striking ``The recommended 
     funding levels'' and inserting the following:
       ``(B) Requirement.--The funding levels recommended under 
     subparagraph (A)(i)'';
       (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``Not later'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(1) Periodic reports.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later'';
       (C) in paragraph (1)(A) (as so designated)--
       (i) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and'';
       (ii) by striking ``containing recommended'' and inserting 
     the following: ``containing--
       ``(i) recommended''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) a description of the extent to which States pass 
     costs associated with the non-Federal share requirements 
     under subsection (d) to local communities, with a focus on 
     rural communities and financially distressed communities (as 
     those terms are defined in subsection (f)(2)(B)(i)).''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Use of funds.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
     of enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater 
     Infrastructure Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to 
     the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate 
     and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
     House of Representatives a report that describes the 
     implementation of the grant program under this section, which 
     shall include a description of the grant recipients, sources 
     of funds for non-Federal share requirements under subsection 
     (d), and grant amounts made available under the program.''.

     SEC. 205. CLEAN WATER INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCY AND 
                   SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM.

       Title II of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1281 et seq.) (as amended by section 202) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 223. CLEAN WATER INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCY AND 
                   SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
       ``(A) a municipality; or
       ``(B) an intermunicipal, interstate, or State agency.
       ``(2) Natural hazard.--The term `natural hazard' means a 
     hazard caused by natural forces, including extreme weather 
     events, sea-level rise, and extreme drought conditions.
       ``(3) Program.--The term `program' means the clean water 
     infrastructure resilience and sustainability program 
     established under subsection (b).
       ``(b) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall establish a clean 
     water infrastructure resilience and sustainability program 
     under which the Administrator shall award grants to eligible 
     entities for the purpose of increasing the resilience of 
     publicly owned treatment works to a natural hazard or 
     cybersecurity vulnerabilities.
       ``(c) Use of Funds.--An eligible entity that receives a 
     grant under the program shall use the grant funds for 
     planning, designing, or constructing projects (on a system-
     wide or area-wide basis) that increase the resilience of a 
     publicly owned treatment works to a natural hazard or 
     cybersecurity vulnerabilities through--
       ``(1) the conservation of water;
       ``(2) the enhancement of water use efficiency;
       ``(3) the enhancement of wastewater and stormwater 
     management by increasing watershed preservation and 
     protection, including through the use of--
       ``(A) natural and engineered green infrastructure; and
       ``(B) reclamation and reuse of wastewater and stormwater, 
     such as aquifer recharge zones;
       ``(4) the modification or relocation of an existing 
     publicly owned treatment works, conveyance, or discharge 
     system component that is at risk of being significantly 
     impaired or damaged by a natural hazard;
       ``(5) the development and implementation of projects to 
     increase the resilience of publicly owned treatment works to 
     a natural hazard or cybersecurity vulnerabilities, as 
     applicable; or
       ``(6) the enhancement of energy efficiency or the use and 
     generation of recovered or renewable energy in the 
     management, treatment, or conveyance of wastewater or 
     stormwater.
       ``(d) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     the program, an eligible entity shall submit to the 
     Administrator an application at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing such information as the Administrator may 
     require, including--
       ``(1) a proposal of the project to be planned, designed, or 
     constructed using funds under the program;
       ``(2) an identification of the natural hazard risk of the 
     area where the proposed project is to be located or potential 
     cybersecurity vulnerability, as applicable, to be addressed 
     by the proposed project;
       ``(3) documentation prepared by a Federal, State, regional, 
     or local government agency of the natural hazard risk of the 
     area where the proposed project is to be located or potential 
     cybersecurity vulnerability, as applicable, of the area where 
     the proposed project is to be located;
       ``(4) a description of any recent natural hazard risk of 
     the area where the proposed project is to be located or 
     potential cybersecurity vulnerabilities that have affected 
     the publicly owned treatment works;
       ``(5) a description of how the proposed project would 
     improve the performance of the publicly owned treatment works 
     under an anticipated natural hazard or natural hazard risk of 
     the area where the proposed project is to be located or a 
     potential cybersecurity vulnerability, as applicable; and
       ``(6) an explanation of how the proposed project is 
     expected to enhance the resilience of the publicly owned 
     treatment works to a natural hazard risk of the area where 
     the proposed project is to be located or a potential 
     cybersecurity vulnerability, as applicable.
       ``(e) Grant Amount and Other Federal Requirements.--
       ``(1) Cost share.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
     grant under the program shall not exceed 75 percent of the 
     total cost of the proposed project.
       ``(2) Exception.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     a grant under the program shall not exceed 90 percent of the 
     total cost of the proposed project if the project serves a 
     community that--
       ``(i) has a population of fewer than 10,000 individuals; or
       ``(ii) meets the affordability criteria established by the 
     State in which the community is located under section 
     603(i)(2).
       ``(B) Waiver.--At the discretion of the Administrator, a 
     grant for a project described in subparagraph (A) may cover 
     100 percent of the total cost of the proposed project.
       ``(3) Requirements.--The requirements of section 608 shall 
     apply to a project funded with a grant under the program.
       ``(f) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that describes the implementation of the program, 
     which shall include an accounting of all grants awarded under 
     the program, including a description of each grant recipient 
     and each project funded using a grant under the program.
       ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out this section $25,000,000 for each of fiscal 
     years 2022 through 2026.
       ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''.

     SEC. 206. SMALL AND MEDIUM PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS 
                   CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

       Title II of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1281 et seq.) (as

[[Page S2238]]

     amended by section 205) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 224. SMALL AND MEDIUM PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS 
                   CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Administrator shall establish 
     a circuit rider program (referred to in this section as the 
     `circuit rider program') under which the Administrator shall 
     award grants to qualified nonprofit entities, as determined 
     by the Administrator, to provide assistance to owners and 
     operators of small and medium publicly owned treatment works 
     to carry out the activities described in section 602(b)(13).
       ``(b) Limitation.--A grant provided under the circuit rider 
     program shall be in an amount that is not more than $75,000.
       ``(c) Prioritization.--In selecting recipients of grants 
     under the circuit rider program, the Administrator shall give 
     priority to qualified nonprofit entities, as determined by 
     the Administrator, that would serve a community that--
       ``(1) has a history, for not less than the 10 years prior 
     to the award of the grant, of unresolved wastewater issues, 
     stormwater issues, or a combination of wastewater and 
     stormwater issues;
       ``(2) is considered financially distressed;
       ``(3) faces the cumulative burden of stormwater and 
     wastewater overflow issues; or
       ``(4) has previously failed to access Federal technical 
     assistance due to cost-sharing requirements.
       ``(d) Communication.--Each qualified nonprofit entity that 
     receives funding under this section shall, before using that 
     funding to undertake activities to carry out this section, 
     consult with the State in which the assistance is to be 
     expended or otherwise made available.
       ``(e) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
     which the Administrator establishes the circuit rider 
     program, and every 2 years thereafter, the Administrator 
     shall submit to Congress a report describing--
       ``(1) each recipient of a grant under the circuit rider 
     program; and
       ``(2) a summary of the activities carried out under the 
     circuit rider program.
       ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out this section $10,000,000 for the period of 
     fiscal years 2022 through 2026.
       ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''.

     SEC. 207. SMALL PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS EFFICIENCY 
                   GRANT PROGRAM.

       Title II of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1281 et seq.) (as amended by section 206) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 225. SMALL PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS EFFICIENCY 
                   GRANT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Administrator shall establish 
     an efficiency grant program (referred to in this section as 
     the `efficiency grant program') under which the Administrator 
     shall award grants to eligible entities for the replacement 
     or repair of equipment that improves water or energy 
     efficiency of small publicly owned treatment works, as 
     identified in an efficiency audit.
       ``(b) Eligible Entities.--The Administrator may award a 
     grant under the efficiency grant program to--
       ``(1) an owner or operator of a small publicly owned 
     treatment works that serves--
       ``(A) a population of not more than 10,000 people; or
       ``(B) a disadvantaged community; or
       ``(2) a nonprofit organization that seeks to assist a small 
     publicly owned treatment works described in paragraph (1) to 
     carry out the activities described in subsection (a).
       ``(c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
     which the Administrator establishes the efficiency grant 
     program, and every 2 years thereafter, the Administrator 
     shall submit to Congress a report describing--
       ``(1) each recipient of a grant under the efficiency grant 
     program; and
       ``(2) a summary of the activities carried out under the 
     efficiency grant program.
       ``(d) Use of Funds.--
       ``(1) Small systems.--Of the amounts made available for 
     grants under this section, to the extent that there are 
     sufficient applications, not less than 15 percent shall be 
     used for grants to publicly owned treatment works that serve 
     fewer than 3,300 people.
       ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under this section, not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''.

     SEC. 208. GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND REFURBISHING OF 
                   INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLD DECENTRALIZED WASTEWATER 
                   SYSTEMS FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH LOW OR MODERATE 
                   INCOME.

       Title II of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1281 et seq.) (as amended by section 207) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 226. GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND REFURBISHING OF 
                   INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLD DECENTRALIZED WASTEWATER 
                   SYSTEMS FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH LOW OR MODERATE 
                   INCOME.

       ``(a) Definition of Eligible Individual.--In this section, 
     the term `eligible individual' means a member of a low-income 
     or moderate-income household, the members of which have a 
     combined income (for the most recent 12-month period for 
     which information is available) equal to not more than 50 
     percent of the median nonmetropolitan household income for 
     the State or territory in which the household is located, 
     according to the most recent decennial census.
       ``(b) Grant Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall establish a program 
     under which the Administrator shall provide grants to private 
     nonprofit organizations for the purpose of improving general 
     welfare by providing assistance to eligible individuals--
       ``(A) for the construction, repair, or replacement of an 
     individual household decentralized wastewater treatment 
     system; or
       ``(B) for the installation of a larger decentralized 
     wastewater system designed to provide treatment for 2 or more 
     households in which eligible individuals reside, if--
       ``(i) site conditions at the households are unsuitable for 
     the installation of an individually owned decentralized 
     wastewater system;
       ``(ii) multiple examples of unsuitable site conditions 
     exist in close geographic proximity to each other; and
       ``(iii) a larger decentralized wastewater system could be 
     cost-effectively installed.
       ``(2) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     this subsection, a private nonprofit organization shall 
     submit to the Administrator an application at such time, in 
     such manner, and containing such information as the 
     Administrator determines to be appropriate.
       ``(3) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
     the Administrator shall give priority to applicants that have 
     substantial expertise and experience in promoting the safe 
     and effective use of individual household decentralized 
     wastewater systems.
       ``(4) Administrative expenses.--A private nonprofit 
     organization may use amounts provided under this subsection 
     to pay the administrative expenses associated with the 
     provision of the services described in paragraph (1), as the 
     Administrator determines to be appropriate.
       ``(c) Grants.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), a private 
     nonprofit organization shall use a grant provided under 
     subsection (b) for the services described in paragraph (1) of 
     that subsection.
       ``(2) Application.--To be eligible to receive the services 
     described in subsection (b)(1), an eligible individual shall 
     submit to the private nonprofit organization serving the area 
     in which the individual household decentralized wastewater 
     system of the eligible individuals is, or is proposed to be, 
     located an application at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the private nonprofit 
     organization determines to be appropriate.
       ``(3) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
     a private nonprofit organization shall give priority to any 
     eligible individual who does not have access to a sanitary 
     sewage disposal system.
       ``(d) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Administrator shall submit to 
     the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate 
     and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
     House of Representatives a report describing the recipients 
     of grants under the program under this section and the 
     results of the program under this section.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to the Administrator to carry out this section $50,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.
       ``(2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''.

     SEC. 209. CONNECTION TO PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS.

       Title II of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1281 et seq.) (as amended by section 208) is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 227. CONNECTION TO PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
       ``(A) an owner or operator of a publicly owned treatment 
     works that assists or is seeking to assist low-income or 
     moderate-income individuals with connecting the household of 
     the individual to the publicly owned treatment works; or
       ``(B) a nonprofit entity that assists low-income or 
     moderate-income individuals with the costs associated with 
     connecting the household of the individual to a publicly 
     owned treatment works.
       ``(2) Program.--The term `program' means the competitive 
     grant program established under subsection (b).
       ``(3) Qualified individual.--The term `qualified 
     individual' has the meaning given the term `eligible 
     individual' in section 603(j).
       ``(b) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator

[[Page S2239]]

     shall establish a competitive grant program with the purpose 
     of improving general welfare, under which the Administrator 
     awards grants to eligible entities to provide funds to assist 
     qualified individuals in covering the costs incurred by the 
     qualified individual in connecting the household of the 
     qualified individual to a publicly owned treatment works.
       ``(c) Application.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
     the program shall submit to the Administrator an application 
     at such time, in such manner, and containing such information 
     as the Administrator may by regulation require.
       ``(2) Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     on which the Administrator receives an application from an 
     eligible entity under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall 
     notify the eligible entity of whether the Administrator will 
     award a grant to the eligible entity under the program.
       ``(d) Selection Criteria.--In selecting recipients of 
     grants under the program, the Administrator shall use the 
     following criteria:
       ``(1) Whether the eligible entity seeking a grant provides 
     services to, or works directly with, qualified individuals.
       ``(2) Whether the eligible entity seeking a grant--
       ``(A) has an existing program to assist in covering the 
     costs incurred in connecting a household to a publicly owned 
     treatment works; or
       ``(B) seeks to create a program described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       ``(e) Requirements.--
       ``(1) Voluntary connection.--Before providing funds to a 
     qualified individual for the costs described in subsection 
     (b), an eligible entity shall ensure that--
       ``(A) the qualified individual has connected to the 
     publicly owned treatment works voluntarily; and
       ``(B) if the eligible entity is not the owner or operator 
     of the publicly owned treatment works to which the qualified 
     individual has connected, the publicly owned treatment works 
     to which the qualified individual has connected has agreed to 
     the connection.
       ``(2) Reimbursements from publicly owned treatment works.--
     An eligible entity that is an owner or operator of a publicly 
     owned treatment works may reimburse a qualified individual 
     that has already incurred the costs described in subsection 
     (b) by--
       ``(A) reducing the amount otherwise owed by the qualified 
     individual to the owner or operator for wastewater or other 
     services provided by the owner or operator; or
       ``(B) providing a direct payment to the qualified 
     individual.
       ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out the program $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
     2022 through 2026.
       ``(2) Limitations on use of funds.--
       ``(A) Small systems.--Of the amounts made available for 
     grants under paragraph (1), to the extent that there are 
     sufficient applications, not less than 15 percent shall be 
     used to make grants to--
       ``(i) eligible entities described in subsection (a)(1)(A) 
     that are owners and operators of publicly owned treatment 
     works that serve fewer than 3,300 people; and
       ``(ii) eligible entities described in subsection (a)(1)(B) 
     that provide the assistance described in that subsection in 
     areas that are served by publicly owned treatment works that 
     serve fewer than 3,300 people.
       ``(B) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts made available 
     for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 percent may 
     be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.''.

     SEC. 210. CLEAN WATER STATE REVOLVING FUNDS.

       (a) Use of Funds.--
       (1) In general.--Section 603 of the Federal Water Pollution 
     Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1383) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by inserting ``and provided in subsection (k)'' after 
     ``State law'';
       (B) in subsection (i)--
       (i) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``, including forgiveness of principal and 
     negative interest loans'' and inserting ``(including 
     forgiveness of principal, grants, negative interest loans, 
     other loan forgiveness, and through buying, refinancing, or 
     restructuring debt)''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(B) Total amount of subsidization.--
       ``(i) In general.--For each fiscal year, of the amount of 
     the capitalization grant received by the State under this 
     title, the total amount of additional subsidization made 
     available by a State under paragraph (1)--

       ``(I) may not exceed 30 percent; and
       ``(II) to the extent that there are sufficient applications 
     for assistance to communities described in that paragraph, 
     may not be less than 10 percent.

       ``(ii) Exclusion.--A loan from the water pollution control 
     revolving fund of a State with an interest rate equal to or 
     greater than 0 percent shall not be considered additional 
     subsidization for purposes of this subparagraph.''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(k) Additional Use of Funds.--A State may use an 
     additional 2 percent of the funds annually awarded to each 
     State under this title for nonprofit organizations (as 
     defined in section 104(w)) or State, regional, interstate, or 
     municipal entities to provide technical assistance to rural, 
     small, and tribal publicly owned treatment works (within the 
     meaning of section 104(b)(8)(B)) in the State.''.
       (2) Technical amendment.--Section 104(w) of the Federal 
     Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1254(w)) is amended by 
     striking ``treatments works'' and inserting ``treatment 
     works''.
       (b) Capitalization Grant Reauthorization.--Section 607 of 
     the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1387) is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 607. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the 
     purposes of this title--
       ``(1) $2,400,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
       ``(2) $2,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
       ``(3) $3,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2024; and
       ``(4) $3,250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2025 and 
     2026.''.

     SEC. 211. WATER INFRASTRUCTURE AND WORKFORCE INVESTMENT.

       Section 4304 of the America's Water Infrastructure Act of 
     2018 (42 U.S.C. 300j-19e) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(3)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``Tribal,'' after 
     ``State,''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``community-based 
     organizations'' and all that follows through the period at 
     the end and inserting the following: ``community-based 
     organizations and public works departments or agencies to 
     align water and wastewater utility workforce recruitment 
     efforts, training programs, retention efforts, and community 
     resources with water and wastewater utilities--
       ``(i) to accelerate career pipelines;
       ``(ii) to ensure the sustainability of the water and 
     wastewater utility workforce; and
       ``(iii) to provide access to workforce opportunities.'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking subparagraph (B);
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' at the end 
     and inserting ``, which may include--''
       (iii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``program--'' and all that follows through ``to assist'' in 
     subparagraph (A) and inserting ``program to assist''; and
       (iv) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(A) expanding the use and availability of activities and 
     resources that relate to the recruitment, including the 
     promotion of diversity within that recruitment, of 
     individuals to careers in the water and wastewater utility 
     sector;
       ``(B) expanding the availability of training opportunities 
     for--
       ``(i) individuals entering into the water and wastewater 
     utility sector; and
       ``(ii) individuals seeking to advance careers within the 
     water and wastewater utility sector; and
       ``(C) expanding the use and availability of activities and 
     strategies, including the development of innovative 
     activities and strategies, that relate to the maintenance and 
     retention of a sustainable workforce in the water and 
     wastewater utility sector.'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``institutions--'' and inserting ``institutions, or public 
     works departments and agencies--''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking clauses (ii) and (iii);
       (II) in clause (i), by adding ``or'' at the end;
       (III) by redesignating clause (i) as clause (ii);
       (IV) by inserting before clause (ii) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:

       ``(i) in the development of educational or recruitment 
     materials and activities, including those materials and 
     activities that specifically promote diversity within 
     recruitment, for the water and wastewater utility 
     workforce;''; and

       (V) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(iii) developing activities and strategies that relate to 
     the maintenance and retention of a sustainable workforce in 
     the water and wastewater utility sector; and'';
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by inserting ``or 
     certification'' after ``training''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``ensure that 
     incumbent water and waste water utilities workers'' and 
     inserting ``are designed to retain incumbent water and 
     wastewater utility workforce workers by ensuring that those 
     workers''; and
       (D) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
       ``(4) Working group; report.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall establish and 
     coordinate a Federal interagency working group to address 
     recruitment, training, and retention challenges in the water 
     and wastewater utility workforce, which shall include 
     representatives from--
       ``(i) the Department of Education;
       ``(ii) the Department of Labor;
       ``(iii) the Department of Agriculture;
       ``(iv) the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
       ``(v) other Federal agencies, as determined to be 
     appropriate by the Administrator.
       ``(B) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure 
     Act of 2021, the Administrator, in coordination with the 
     working group established under subparagraph (A), shall 
     submit to Congress a report

[[Page S2240]]

     describing potential solutions to recruitment, training, and 
     retention challenges in the water and wastewater utility 
     workforce.
       ``(C) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties of the 
     working group established under subparagraph (A), the working 
     group shall consult with State operator certification 
     programs.
       ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections 
     (b) and (c), respectively; and
       (4) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) 
     the following:
       ``(a) Definition of Public Works Department or Agency.--In 
     this section, the term `public works department or agency' 
     means a political subdivision of a local, county, or regional 
     government that designs, builds, operates, and maintains 
     water infrastructure, sewage and refuse disposal systems, and 
     other public water systems and facilities.''.

     SEC. 212. GRANTS TO ALASKA TO IMPROVE SANITATION IN RURAL AND 
                   NATIVE VILLAGES.

       Section 303 of the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 
     1996 (33 U.S.C. 1263a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``50 percent'' and 
     inserting ``75 percent''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``this section'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
     following: ``this section--
       ``(1) $40,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2024;
       ``(2) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2025; and
       ``(3) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2026.''.

     SEC. 213. WATER DATA SHARING PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall establish a 
     competitive grant pilot program (referred to in this section 
     as the ``pilot program'') under which the Administrator may 
     award grants to eligible entities under subsection (b) to 
     establish systems that improve the sharing of information 
     concerning water quality, water infrastructure needs, and 
     water technology, including cybersecurity technology, between 
     States or among counties and other units of local government 
     within a State, which may include--
       (A) establishing a website or data hub to exchange water 
     data, including data on water quality or water technology, 
     including new and emerging, but proven, water technology; and
       (B) intercounty communications initiatives related to water 
     data.
       (2) Requirements.--
       (A) Data sharing.--The Internet of Water principles 
     developed by the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy 
     Solutions shall, to the extent practicable, guide any water 
     data sharing efforts under the pilot program.
       (B) Use of existing data.--The recipient of a grant under 
     the pilot program to establish a website or data hub 
     described in paragraph (1)(A) shall, to the extent 
     practicable, leverage existing data sharing infrastructure.
       (b) Eligible Entities.--An entity eligible for a grant 
     under the pilot program is--
       (1) a State, county, or other unit of local government 
     that--
       (A) has a coastal watershed with significant pollution 
     levels;
       (B) has a water system with significant pollution levels; 
     or
       (C) has significant individual water infrastructure 
     deficits; or
       (2) a regional consortium established under subsection (d).
       (c) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     the pilot program, an eligible entity under subsection (b) 
     shall submit to the Administrator an application at such 
     time, in such manner, and containing such information as the 
     Administrator may require.
       (d) Regional Consortia.--
       (1) Establishment.--States may establish regional consortia 
     in accordance with this subsection.
       (2) Requirements.--A regional consortium established under 
     paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) include not fewer than 2 States that have entered into 
     a memorandum of understanding--
       (i) to exchange water data, including data on water 
     quality; or
       (ii) to share information, protocols, and procedures with 
     respect to projects that evaluate, demonstrate, or install 
     new and emerging, but proven, water technology;
       (B) carry out projects--
       (i) to exchange water data, including data on water 
     quality; or
       (ii) that evaluate, demonstrate, or install new and 
     emerging, but proven, water technology; and
       (C) develop a regional intended use plan, in accordance 
     with paragraph (3), to identify projects to carry out, 
     including projects using grants received under this section.
       (3) Regional intended use plan.--A regional intended use 
     plan of a regional consortium established under paragraph 
     (1)--
       (A) shall identify projects that the regional consortium 
     intends to carry out, including projects that meet the 
     requirements of paragraph (2)(B); and
       (B) may include--
       (i) projects included in an intended use plan of a State 
     prepared under section 606(c) of the Federal Water Pollution 
     Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1386(c)) within the regional 
     consortium; and
       (ii) projects not included in an intended use plan of a 
     State prepared under section 606(c) of the Federal Water 
     Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1386(c)) within the regional 
     consortium.
       (e) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
     Congress a report that describes the implementation of the 
     pilot program, which shall include--
       (1) a description of the use and deployment of amounts made 
     available under the pilot program; and
       (2) an accounting of all grants awarded under the program, 
     including a description of each grant recipient and each 
     project funded using a grant under the pilot program.
       (f) Funding.--
       (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out the pilot program $15,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026, to remain 
     available until expended.
       (2) Requirement.--Of the funds made available under 
     paragraph (1), not more than 35 percent may be used to 
     provide grants to regional consortia established under 
     subsection (d).

     SEC. 214. FINAL RATING OPINION LETTERS.

       Section 5028(a)(1)(D)(ii) of the Water Infrastructure 
     Finance and Innovation Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 
     3907(a)(1)(D)(ii)) is amended by striking ``final rating 
     opinion letters from at least 2 rating agencies'' and 
     inserting ``a final rating opinion letter from at least 1 
     rating agency''.

     SEC. 215. WATER INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING REAUTHORIZATION.

       (a) In General.--Section 5033 of the Water Infrastructure 
     Finance and Innovation Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 3912) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Fiscal years 2022 through 2026.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this 
     subtitle $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2026, to remain available until expended.'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
       (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``2020 and 2021'' 
     and inserting ``after 2019''; and
       (B) by striking ``2020 and 2021'' and inserting ``2022 
     through 2026''; and
       (3) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``2020 and 2021'' and 
     inserting ``2022 through 2026''.
       (b) Outreach Plan.--The Water Infrastructure Finance and 
     Innovation Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 5036. OUTREACH PLAN.

       ``(a) Definition of Rural Community.--In this section, the 
     term `rural community' means a city, town, or unincorporated 
     area that has a population of not more than 10,000 
     inhabitants.
       ``(b) Outreach Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of enactment of this section, the Administrator, in 
     consultation with relevant Federal agencies, shall develop 
     and begin implementation of an outreach plan to promote 
     financial assistance available under this subtitle to small 
     communities and rural communities.''.

     SEC. 216. SMALL AND DISADVANTAGED COMMUNITY ANALYSIS.

       (a) Analysis.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, using environmental justice data of 
     the Environmental Protection Agency, including data from the 
     environmental justice mapping and screening tool of the 
     Environmental Protection Agency, the Administrator shall 
     carry out an analysis under which the Administrator shall 
     assess the programs under title VI of the Federal Water 
     Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.) and section 
     1452 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12) to 
     identify historical distributions of funds to small and 
     disadvantaged communities and new opportunities and methods 
     to improve on the distribution of funds under those programs 
     to low-income communities, rural communities, minority 
     communities, and communities of indigenous peoples, in 
     accordance with Executive Order 12898 (42 U.S.C. 4321 note; 
     60 Fed. Reg. 6381; relating to Federal actions to address 
     environmental justice in minority populations and low-income 
     populations).
       (b) Requirement.--The analysis under subsection (a) shall 
     include an analysis, to the extent practicable, of 
     communities in the United States that do not have access to 
     drinking water or wastewater services.
       (c) Report.--On completion of the analysis under subsection 
     (a), the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on 
     Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committees 
     on Energy and Commerce and Transportation and Infrastructure 
     of the House of Representatives a report describing--
       (1) the results of the analysis; and
       (2) the criteria the Administrator used in carrying out the 
     analysis.

     SEC. 217. STORMWATER INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Center.--The term ``center'' means a center of 
     excellence for stormwater control infrastructure established 
     under subsection (b)(1).

[[Page S2241]]

       (2) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
       (A) a State, Tribal, or local government; or
       (B) a local, regional, or other public entity that manages 
     stormwater or wastewater resources or other related water 
     infrastructure.
       (3) Eligible institution.--The term ``eligible 
     institution'' means an institution of higher education, a 
     research institution, or a nonprofit organization--
       (A) that has demonstrated excellence in researching and 
     developing new and emerging stormwater control infrastructure 
     technologies; and
       (B) with respect to a nonprofit organization, the core 
     mission of which includes water management, as determined by 
     the Administrator.
       (b) Centers of Excellence for Stormwater Control 
     Infrastructure Technologies.--
       (1) Establishment of centers.--
       (A) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall provide grants, on a 
     competitive basis, to eligible institutions to establish and 
     maintain not less than 3, and not more than 5, centers of 
     excellence for new and emerging stormwater control 
     infrastructure technologies, to be located in various regions 
     throughout the United States.
       (B) General operation.--Each center shall--
       (i) conduct research on new and emerging stormwater control 
     infrastructure technologies that are relevant to the 
     geographical region in which the center is located, including 
     stormwater and sewer overflow reduction, other approaches to 
     water resource enhancement, alternative funding approaches, 
     and other environmental, economic, and social benefits, with 
     the goal of improving the effectiveness, cost efficiency, and 
     protection of public safety and water quality;
       (ii) maintain a listing of--

       (I) stormwater control infrastructure needs; and
       (II) an analysis of new and emerging stormwater control 
     infrastructure technologies that are available;

       (iii) analyze whether additional financial programs for the 
     implementation of new and emerging, but proven, stormwater 
     control infrastructure technologies would be useful;
       (iv) provide information regarding research conducted under 
     clause (i) to the national electronic clearinghouse center 
     for publication on the Internet website established under 
     paragraph (3)(B)(i) to provide to the Federal Government and 
     State, Tribal, and local governments and the private sector 
     information regarding new and emerging, but proven, 
     stormwater control infrastructure technologies;
       (v) provide technical assistance to State, Tribal, and 
     local governments to assist with the design, construction, 
     operation, and maintenance of stormwater control 
     infrastructure projects that use innovative technologies;
       (vi) collaborate with institutions of higher education and 
     private and public organizations, including community-based 
     public-private partnerships and other stakeholders, in the 
     geographical region in which the center is located; and
       (vii) coordinate with the other centers to avoid 
     duplication of efforts.
       (2) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     this subsection, an eligible institution shall prepare and 
     submit to the Administrator an application at such time, in 
     such form, and containing such information as the 
     Administrator may require.
       (3) National electronic clearinghouse center.--Of the 
     centers established under paragraph (1)(A), 1 shall--
       (A) be designated as the ``national electronic 
     clearinghouse center''; and
       (B) in addition to the other functions of that center--
       (i) develop, operate, and maintain an Internet website and 
     a public database that contains information relating to new 
     and emerging, but proven, stormwater control infrastructure 
     technologies; and
       (ii) post to the website information from all centers.
       (4) Authorization of appropriations.--
       (A) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
     carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
     2022 through 2026.
       (B) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under subparagraph (A), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.
       (c) Stormwater Control Infrastructure Project Grants.--
       (1) Grant authority.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall provide grants, on a 
     competitive basis, to eligible entities to carry out 
     stormwater control infrastructure projects that incorporate 
     new and emerging, but proven, stormwater control technologies 
     in accordance with this subsection.
       (2) Stormwater control infrastructure projects.--
       (A) Planning and development grants.--The Administrator may 
     make planning and development grants under this subsection 
     for the following projects:
       (i) Planning and designing stormwater control 
     infrastructure projects that incorporate new and emerging, 
     but proven, stormwater control technologies, including 
     engineering surveys, landscape plans, maps, long-term 
     operations and maintenance plans, and implementation plans.
       (ii) Identifying and developing standards necessary to 
     accommodate stormwater control infrastructure projects, 
     including those projects that incorporate new and emerging, 
     but proven, stormwater control technologies.
       (iii) Identifying and developing fee structures to provide 
     financial support for design, installation, and operations 
     and maintenance of stormwater control infrastructure, 
     including new and emerging, but proven, stormwater control 
     infrastructure technologies.
       (iv) Developing approaches for community-based public-
     private partnerships for the financing and construction of 
     stormwater control infrastructure technologies, including 
     feasibility studies, stakeholder outreach, and needs 
     assessments.
       (v) Developing and delivering training and educational 
     materials regarding new and emerging, but proven, stormwater 
     control infrastructure technologies for distribution to--

       (I) individuals and entities with applicable technical 
     knowledge; and
       (II) the public.

       (B) Implementation grants.--The Administrator may make 
     implementation grants under this subsection for the following 
     projects:
       (i) Installing new and emerging, but proven, stormwater 
     control infrastructure technologies.
       (ii) Protecting or restoring interconnected networks of 
     natural areas that protect water quality.
       (iii) Monitoring and evaluating the environmental, 
     economic, or social benefits of stormwater control 
     infrastructure technologies that incorporate new and 
     emerging, but proven, stormwater control technology.
       (iv) Implementing a best practices standard for stormwater 
     control infrastructure programs.
       (3) Application.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
     section, to be eligible to receive a grant under this 
     subsection, an eligible entity shall prepare and submit to 
     the Administrator an application at such time, in such form, 
     and containing such information as the Administrator may 
     require, including, as applicable--
       (A) a description of the stormwater control infrastructure 
     project that incorporates new and emerging, but proven, 
     technologies;
       (B) a plan for monitoring the impacts and pollutant load 
     reductions associated with the stormwater control 
     infrastructure project on the water quality and quantity;
       (C) an evaluation of other environmental, economic, and 
     social benefits of the stormwater control infrastructure 
     project; and
       (D) a plan for the long-term operation and maintenance of 
     the stormwater control infrastructure project and a tracking 
     system, such as asset management practices.
       (4) Priority.--In making grants under this subsection, the 
     Administrator shall give priority to applications submitted 
     on behalf of--
       (A) a community that--
       (i) has municipal combined storm and sanitary sewers in the 
     collection system of the community; or
       (ii) is a small, rural, or disadvantaged community, as 
     determined by the Administrator; or
       (B) an eligible entity that will use not less than 15 
     percent of the grant to provide service to a small, rural, or 
     disadvantaged community, as determined by the Administrator.
       (5) Maximum amounts.--
       (A) Planning and development grants.--
       (i) Single grant.--The amount of a single planning and 
     development grant provided under this subsection shall be not 
     more than $200,000.
       (ii) Aggregate amount.--The total amount of all planning 
     and development grants provided under this subsection for a 
     fiscal year shall be not more than \1/3\ of the total amount 
     made available to carry out this subsection.
       (B) Implementation grants.--
       (i) Single grant.--The amount of a single implementation 
     grant provided under this subsection shall be not more than 
     $2,000,000.
       (ii) Aggregate amount.--The total amount of all 
     implementation grants provided under this subsection for a 
     fiscal year shall be not more than \2/3\ of the total amount 
     made available to carry out this subsection.
       (6) Federal share.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (C), 
     the Federal share of a grant provided under this subsection 
     shall not exceed 80 percent of the total project cost.
       (B) Credit for implementation grants.--The Administrator 
     shall credit toward the non-Federal share of the cost of an 
     implementation project carried out under this subsection the 
     cost of planning, design, and construction work completed for 
     the project using funds other than funds provided under this 
     section.
       (C) Exception.--The Administrator may waive the Federal 
     share limitation under subparagraph (A) for an eligible 
     entity that has adequately demonstrated financial need.
       (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the 
     date on which the Administrator first awards a grant under 
     this section, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
     report that includes, with respect to the period covered by 
     the report--
       (1) a description of all grants provided under this 
     section;

[[Page S2242]]

       (2) a detailed description of--
       (A) the projects supported by those grants; and
       (B) the outcomes of those projects;
       (3) a description of the improvements in technology, 
     environmental benefits, resources conserved, efficiencies, 
     and other benefits of the projects funded under this section;
       (4) recommendations for improvements to promote and support 
     new and emerging, but proven, stormwater control 
     infrastructure, including research into new and emerging 
     technologies, for the centers, grants, and activities under 
     this section; and
       (5) a description of existing challenges concerning the use 
     of new and emerging, but proven, stormwater control 
     infrastructure.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--
       (1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
     carry out this section (except for subsection (b)) 
     $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.
       (2) Limitation on use of funds.--Of the amounts made 
     available for grants under paragraph (1), not more than 2 
     percent may be used to pay the administrative costs of the 
     Administrator.

     SEC. 218. WATER REUSE INTERAGENCY WORKING GROUP.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a 
     Water Reuse Interagency Working Group (referred to in this 
     section as the ``Working Group'').
       (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Working Group is to 
     develop and coordinate actions, tools, and resources to 
     advance water reuse across the United States, including 
     through the implementation of the February 2020 National 
     Water Reuse Action Plan, which creates opportunities for 
     water reuse in the mission areas of each of the Federal 
     agencies included in the Working Group under subsection (c) 
     (referred to in this section as the ``Action Plan'').
       (c) Chairperson; Membership.--The Working Group shall be--
       (1) chaired by the Administrator; and
       (2) comprised of senior representatives from such Federal 
     agencies as the Administrator determines to be appropriate.
       (d) Duties of the Working Group.--In carrying out this 
     section, the Working Group shall--
       (1) with respect to water reuse, leverage the expertise of 
     industry, the research community, nongovernmental 
     organizations, and government;
       (2) seek to foster water reuse as an important component of 
     integrated water resources management;
       (3) conduct an assessment of new opportunities to advance 
     water reuse and annually update the Action Plan with new 
     actions, as necessary, to pursue those opportunities;
       (4) seek to coordinate Federal programs and policies to 
     support the adoption of water reuse;
       (5) consider how each Federal agency can explore and 
     identify opportunities to support water reuse through the 
     programs and activities of that Federal agency; and
       (6) consult, on a regular basis, with representatives of 
     relevant industries, the research community, and 
     nongovernmental organizations.
       (e) Report.--Not less frequently than once every 2 years, 
     the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report on the 
     activities and findings of the Working Group.
       (f) Sunset.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Working 
     Group shall terminate on the date that is 6 years after the 
     date of enactment of this Act.
       (2) Extension.--The Administrator may extend the date of 
     termination of the Working Group under paragraph (1).

     SEC. 219. ADVANCED CLEAN WATER TECHNOLOGIES STUDY.

       (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall carry out a 
     study that examines the state of existing and potential 
     future technology, including technology that could address 
     cybersecurity vulnerabilities, that enhances or could enhance 
     the treatment, monitoring, affordability, efficiency, and 
     safety of wastewater services provided by a treatment works 
     (as defined in section 212 of the Federal Water Pollution 
     Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1292)).
       (b) Report.--The Administrator shall submit to the 
     Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives a report that describes the results of the 
     study under subsection (a).

     SEC. 220. CLEAN WATERSHEDS NEEDS SURVEY.

       Title VI of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1381 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 609. CLEAN WATERSHEDS NEEDS SURVEY.

       ``(a) Requirement.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
     of enactment of the Drinking Water and Wastewater 
     Infrastructure Act of 2021, and not less frequently than once 
     every 4 years thereafter, the Administrator shall--
       ``(1) conduct and complete an assessment of capital 
     improvement needs for all projects that are eligible under 
     section 603(c) for assistance from State water pollution 
     control revolving funds; and
       ``(2) submit to Congress a report describing the results of 
     the assessment completed under paragraph (1).
       ``(b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out the initial needs survey 
     under subsection (a) $5,000,000, to remain available until 
     expended.''.

     SEC. 221. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH ACT AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Clarification of Research Activities.--Section 
     104(b)(1) of the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 (42 
     U.S.C. 10303(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``water-related 
     phenomena'' and inserting ``water resources''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''.
       (b) Compliance Report.--Section 104 of the Water Resources 
     Research Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10303) is amended by striking 
     subsection (c) and inserting the following:
       ``(c) Grants.--
       ``(1) In general.--From the sums appropriated pursuant to 
     subsection (f), the Secretary shall make grants to each 
     institute to be matched on a basis of no less than 1 non-
     Federal dollar for every 1 Federal dollar.
       ``(2) Report.--Not later than December 31 of each fiscal 
     year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
     Environment and Public Works of the Senate, the Committee on 
     the Budget of the Senate, the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the 
     Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives a 
     report regarding the compliance of each funding recipient 
     with this subsection for the immediately preceding fiscal 
     year.''.
       (c) Evaluation of Water Resources Research Program.--
     Section 104 of the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 (42 
     U.S.C. 10303) is amended by striking subsection (e) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(e) Evaluation of Water Resources Research Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a careful 
     and detailed evaluation of each institute at least once every 
     5 years to determine--
       ``(A) the quality and relevance of the water resources 
     research of the institute;
       ``(B) the effectiveness of the institute at producing 
     measured results and applied water supply research; and
       ``(C) whether the effectiveness of the institute as an 
     institution for planning, conducting, and arranging for 
     research warrants continued support under this section.
       ``(2) Prohibition on further support.--If, as a result of 
     an evaluation under paragraph (1), the Secretary determines 
     that an institute does not qualify for further support under 
     this section, no further grants to the institute may be 
     provided until the qualifications of the institute are 
     reestablished to the satisfaction of the Secretary.''.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 104(f)(1) of 
     the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 
     10303(f)(1)) is amended by striking ``fiscal years 2007 
     through 2011'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2022 through 
     2025''.
       (e) Additional Appropriations Where Research Focused on 
     Water Problems of Interstate Nature.--Section 104(g)(1) of 
     the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 
     10303(g)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking 
     ``$6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2011'' and 
     inserting ``$3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2025''.

     SEC. 222. ENHANCED AQUIFER USE AND RECHARGE.

       Title I of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
     U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 124. ENHANCED AQUIFER USE AND RECHARGE.

       ``(a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Administrator shall provide funding to 
     carry out groundwater research on enhanced aquifer use and 
     recharge in support of sole-source aquifers, of which--
       ``(1) not less than 50 percent shall be used to provide 1 
     grant to a State, unit of local government, or Indian Tribe 
     to carry out activities that would directly support that 
     research; and
       ``(2) the remainder shall be provided to 1 appropriate 
     research center.
       ``(b) Coordination.--As a condition of accepting funds 
     under subsection (a), the State, unit of local government, or 
     Indian Tribe and the appropriate research center that receive 
     funds under that subsection shall establish a formal research 
     relationship for the purpose of coordinating efforts under 
     this section.
       ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this 
     section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2026.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1461. Mrs. SHAHEEN (for herself, Ms. Collins, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. 
King, and Mr. Rounds) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
her to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the 
Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under those 
Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

     SEC. 1__. STATE RESPONSE TO CONTAMINANTS.

       Section 1459A(j)(1) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
     U.S.C. 300j-19a(j)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``an underserved community'' and inserting ``a community 
     described in subsection (c)(2)''; and

[[Page S2243]]

       (2) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``such 
     underserved'' and inserting ``that''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1462. Mrs. SHAHEEN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by her to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the 
Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under those 
Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       After title II, insert the following:

  TITLE III--PROVIDING FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR TESTING AND 
                               TREATMENT

     SEC. 301. REMEDIATION OF PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                   SUBSTANCES AND OTHER EMERGING CONTAMINANTS IN 
                   DRINKING WATER.

       Section 1452 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
     300j-12) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)(G)--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``clause (ii)'' and 
     inserting ``clauses (ii) and (iii)'';
       (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (iv); and
       (C) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
       ``(iii) Use of funds.--The recipient of a grant using 
     amounts described in clause (i) may use the grant funds for 
     projects and activities that address emerging contaminants, 
     including--

       ``(I) investments necessary for public water systems and 
     users of underground sources of drinking water to comply with 
     the requirements of this title;
       ``(II) programs to provide household water quality testing, 
     including testing for unregulated contaminants; and
       ``(III) other investments and programs to address emerging 
     contaminants.''; and

       (2) in subsection (t)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Distribution.--
       ``(A) In general.--Amounts made available under this 
     subsection shall be allotted to a State as a capitalization 
     grant--
       ``(i) in accordance with subparagraph (B);
       ``(ii) for deposit into the State loan fund of the State; 
     and
       ``(iii) for the purposes described in subsection (a)(2)(G).
       ``(B) Allotment.--The amounts described in subparagraph (A) 
     shall be allotted to a State--
       ``(i) for each of fiscal years 2022 and 2023, as if 
     allotted under subsection (a)(1)(D); and
       ``(ii) for each of fiscal years 2024 through 2030, in 
     accordance with the regulations promulgated under 
     subparagraph (C).
       ``(C) Rulemaking.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this subparagraph, the Administrator shall 
     promulgate regulations for the distribution of amounts 
     described in subparagraph (A) among States in a manner that 
     accounts for the prevalence and remedial costs of addressing 
     emerging contaminants, with a focus on perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``this subsection'' and 
     all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     the following: ``this subsection, to remain available until 
     expended--
       ``(A) for fiscal year 2022--
       ``(i) $1,000,000,000; and
       ``(ii) any additional amount as may be designated by 
     Congress as being for an emergency requirement pursuant to 
     section 251(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
     Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)(A)(i)); and
       ``(B) for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2030, 
     $1,000,000,000.''.

     SEC. 302. REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATION OF GROUNDWATER BY 
                   PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       Title V of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating section 520 (33 U.S.C. 1251 note) as 
     section 521; and
       (2) by inserting after section 519 (33 U.S.C. 1377a) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 520. REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATION OF GROUNDWATER BY 
                   PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Contaminated site.--The term `contaminated site' 
     means a site at which groundwater has been contaminated by a 
     covered perfluoroalkyl substance.
       ``(2) Covered perfluoroalkyl substance.--The term `covered 
     perfluoroalkyl substance' means--
       ``(A) perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
     `PFOA') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-67-1);
       ``(B) the salts associated with the chemical described in 
     subparagraph (A) (Chemical Abstracts Service Nos. 3825-26-1, 
     335-95-5, and 68141-02-6);
       ``(C) perfluorooctane sulfonic acid or sulfonate (commonly 
     referred to as `PFOS') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 1763-
     23-1); and
       ``(D) the salts associated with the chemical described in 
     subparagraph (C) (Chemical Abstracts Service Nos. 2795-39-3, 
     29457-72-5, 56773-42-3, 29081-56-9, and 70225-14-8).
       ``(b) Establishment.--Subject to subsections (c) and (d), 
     the Administrator shall provide grants to States to address 
     contamination of groundwater by covered perfluoroalkyl 
     substances at contaminated sites.
       ``(c) Distribution.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall ensure that 
     funds made available to carry out this section are 
     distributed to each State--
       ``(A) for each of fiscal years 2022 and 2023, in such a 
     manner that the total grant amount received by a State under 
     this section is equivalent to the ratio that--
       ``(i) the amount of the capitalization grant under title VI 
     to the State in the last fiscal year in which capitalization 
     grants were made; bears to
       ``(ii) the amount of capitalization grants under title VI 
     to all States in the last fiscal year in which capitalization 
     grants were made; and
       ``(B) for each of fiscal years 2024 through 2030, in 
     accordance with the regulations promulgated under paragraph 
     (2).
       ``(2) Rulemaking.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the Administrator shall promulgate 
     regulations for the distribution of amounts made available to 
     carry out this section among States in a manner that accounts 
     for the prevalence and remedial costs of addressing 
     contamination of groundwater by covered perfluoroalkyl 
     substances.
       ``(d) Cleanup Standards.--
       ``(1) In general.--Any detection, treatment, and 
     remediation of groundwater carried out using a grant under 
     this section shall be carried out in accordance with--
       ``(A) if the Administrator has not designated the 
     applicable covered perfluoroalkyl substance as a hazardous 
     substance under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
     Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et 
     seq.), the Draft Deliberative Document prepared by the 
     Administrator entitled `Draft Interim Recommendations to 
     Address Groundwater Contaminated with Perfluorootanoic Acid 
     and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate' and accepted for interagency 
     review by the Office of Management and Budget on August 31, 
     2018; and
       ``(B) if the Administrator has designated the applicable 
     covered perfluoroalkyl substance as a hazardous substance 
     under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, 
     and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.), the 
     requirements of that Act.
       ``(2) Total destruction technologies.--In addressing the 
     contamination described in subsection (b) using amounts from 
     a grant under this section, States shall give preference to 
     addressing that contamination using total destruction 
     technologies that create inert byproducts.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--
       ``(1) for fiscal year 2022--
       ``(A) $1,000,000,000; and
       ``(B) any additional amount as may be designated by 
     Congress as being for an emergency requirement pursuant to 
     section 251(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
     Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)(A)(i)); and
       ``(2) for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2030, 
     $1,000,000,000.
       ``(f) Termination of Authority.--The authority provided by 
     this section terminates on September 30, 2030.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1463. Mrs. SHAHEEN (for herself and Mr. Tillis) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by her to the bill S. 914, to amend 
the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act 
to reauthorize programs under those Acts, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

     SEC. 1__. EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL WATER SYSTEMS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means a 
     rural water, wastewater, or waste disposal facility with 
     respect to which assistance may be provided under a water, 
     wastewater, or waste disposal program under section 306(a), 
     306A, 306C, or 306D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a), 1926a, 1926c, 1926d).
       (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of Agriculture.
       (b) Emergency Assistance.--The Secretary may--
       (1) provide a grant, a zero percent interest loan, or a 1 
     percent interest loan to, forgive principal or interest or 
     modify any term or condition of an outstanding loan made to, 
     or refinance part or all of any other loan (if the purpose of 
     the loan is an eligible purpose under section 306(a)(1) or 
     306C of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1926(a)(1), 1926c)) made to, an eligible entity; or
       (2) reduce or eliminate any fee that is or would otherwise 
     be required to be paid under section 306(a)(1) of that Act (7 
     U.S.C. 1926(a)(1)) with respect to a loan guarantee provided 
     to an eligible entity, on the condition that the eligible 
     entity receives the benefit resulting from the reduction or 
     elimination of the fee.
       (c) Level of Assistance.--The Secretary may provide 
     assistance to an eligible entity under subsection (b) as the 
     Secretary determines is necessary--
       (1) to ensure that the eligible entity has the necessary 
     resources to maintain public health, safety, or order;
       (2) to address financial hardships of the eligible entity 
     due to the COVID-19 public health emergency; or
       (3) to promote the financial stability of the eligible 
     entity.

[[Page S2244]]

       (d) Use of Assistance.--An eligible entity to which 
     assistance is provided under subsection (b) may use the 
     assistance--
       (1) for any purpose for which the eligible entity is 
     eligible for assistance under the relevant provision of law 
     referred to in subsection (a)(1); or
       (2) for any direct operational expenses incurred by the 
     eligible entity, as determined by the Secretary.
       (e) Appropriation.--
       (1) In general.--Out of any amounts in the Treasury not 
     otherwise appropriated, there is appropriated to the 
     Secretary $1,000,000,000 to carry out this section.
       (2) Reservation for administrative expenses.--The Secretary 
     shall reserve 3 percent of the amount appropriated by 
     paragraph (1) for administrative expenses incurred by the 
     Secretary in carrying out this section.
       (3) Availability.--The amount appropriated by paragraph (1) 
     shall remain available through December 31, 2022.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1464. Mrs. SHAHEEN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by her to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the 
Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under those 
Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN CONTRIBUTIONS BY GOVERNMENT 
                   ENTITIES AS CONTRIBUTIONS TO CAPITAL.

       (a) In General.--Section 118 of the Internal Revenue Code 
     of 1986 is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e), and
       (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(b) Contributions in Aid of Construction, etc.--For 
     purposes of subsection (a), except as provided in subsection 
     (c), the term `contribution to the capital of the taxpayer' 
     does not include any contribution in aid of construction or 
     any other contribution as a customer or potential customer.
       ``(c) Special Rules for Water and Sewerage Disposal 
     Utilities.--
       ``(1) General rule.--For purposes of this section, the term 
     `contribution to the capital of the taxpayer' includes any 
     amount of money or other property received from any person 
     (whether or not a shareholder) by a regulated public utility 
     which provides water or sewerage disposal services if--
       ``(A) such amount is a contribution in aid of construction,
       ``(B) in the case of contribution of property other than 
     water or sewerage disposal facilities, such amount meets the 
     requirements of the expenditure rule of paragraph (2), and
       ``(C) such amount (or any property acquired or constructed 
     with such amount) is not included in the taxpayer's rate base 
     for ratemaking purposes.
       ``(2) Expenditure rule.--An amount meets the requirements 
     of this paragraph if--
       ``(A) an amount equal to such amount is expended for the 
     acquisition or construction of tangible property described in 
     section 1231(b)--
       ``(i) which is the property for which the contribution was 
     made or is of the same type as such property, and
       ``(ii) which is used predominantly in the trade or business 
     of furnishing water or sewerage disposal services,
       ``(B) the expenditure referred to in subparagraph (A) 
     occurs before the end of the second taxable year after the 
     year in which such amount was received, and
       ``(C) accurate records are kept of the amounts contributed 
     and expenditures made, the expenditures to which 
     contributions are allocated, and the year in which the 
     contributions and expenditures are received and made.
       ``(3) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection--
       ``(A) Contribution in aid of construction.--The term 
     `contribution in aid of construction' shall be defined by 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary, except that such 
     term shall not include amounts paid as service charges for 
     starting or stopping services.
       ``(B) Predominantly.--The term `predominantly' means 80 
     percent or more.
       ``(C) Regulated public utility.--The term `regulated public 
     utility' has the meaning given such term by section 
     7701(a)(33), except that such term shall not include any 
     utility which is not required to provide water or sewerage 
     disposal services to members of the general public in its 
     service area.
       ``(4) Disallowance of deductions and credits; adjusted 
     basis.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this subtitle, 
     no deduction or credit shall be allowed for, or by reason of, 
     any expenditure which constitutes a contribution in aid of 
     construction to which this subsection applies. The adjusted 
     basis of any property acquired with contributions in aid of 
     construction to which this subsection applies shall be zero.
       ``(d) Statute of Limitations.--If the taxpayer for any 
     taxable year treats an amount as a contribution to the 
     capital of the taxpayer described in subsection (c), then--
       ``(1) the statutory period for the assessment of any 
     deficiency attributable to any part of such amount shall not 
     expire before the expiration of 3 years from the date the 
     Secretary is notified by the taxpayer (in such manner as the 
     Secretary may prescribe) of--
       ``(A) the amount of the expenditure referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) of subsection (c)(2),
       ``(B) the taxpayer's intention not to make the expenditures 
     referred to in such subparagraph, or
       ``(C) a failure to make such expenditure within the period 
     described in subparagraph (B) of subsection (c)(2), and
       ``(2) such deficiency may be assessed before the expiration 
     of such 3-year period notwithstanding the provisions of any 
     other law or rule of law which would otherwise prevent such 
     assessment.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to contributions made after December 22, 2017.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1465. Mr. PADILLA submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the 
Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under those 
Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as 
follows:

       In section 203(4), strike subparagraph (B) and insert the 
     following:
       (B) in paragraph (1), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``water or wastewater or by treating wastewater'' and 
     inserting ``water, wastewater, or stormwater or by treating 
     wastewater or stormwater for groundwater recharge, potable 
     reuse, or other purposes'';
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1466. Ms. STABENOW (for herself, Mr. Padilla, and Mr. Peters) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 1460 
proposed by Mr. Carper (for himself and Mrs. Capito) to the bill S. 
914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under those Acts, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

        Strike section 105 and insert the following:

     SEC. 105. COMPREHENSIVE LEAD SERVICE LINE REPLACEMENT.

       Section 1459B of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
     300j-19b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)(D), by striking ``, servicing a 
     public water system'';
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``$60,000,000 for each 
     of fiscal years 2017 through 2021'' and inserting 
     ``$4,500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
     2026'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
       ``(d) Comprehensive Lead Reduction Projects.--
       ``(1) Grants.--The Administrator shall award grants to 
     eligible entities for comprehensive lead reduction projects 
     that, notwithstanding any other provision of this section, 
     pay to fully replace lead service lines served by the 
     eligible entity--
       ``(A) regardless of--
       ``(i) the ownership of the lead service line; and
       ``(ii) whether the lead service line is publicly owned or 
     privately owned; and
       ``(B) without requiring a contribution to the cost of 
     replacement of any portion of the lead service line by any 
     individual homeowner.
       ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under paragraph (1), 
     the Administrator shall give priority to eligible entities 
     that serve disadvantaged communities (as determined under 
     subsection (b)(3)(A)).
       ``(3) No cost-share.--The Administrator shall not impose 
     any cost-sharing requirements on an eligible entity receiving 
     a grant under paragraph (1).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1467. Mrs. FEINSTEIN (for herself, Mr. Padilla, and Mr. Kelly) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by her to the bill S. 
914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under those Acts, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 150, strike lines 15 through 18 and insert the 
     following:
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``construction'' before 
     ``funds'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1468. Mr. KENNEDY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 1460 proposed by Mr. Carper (for himself and Mrs. 
Capito) to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under 
those Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

        At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. DEPLETION RATES OF FRESHWATER AQUIFERS.

       Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Administrator shall conduct, and submit to 
     Congress a report describing the results of, a study 
     analyzing--

[[Page S2245]]

       (1) the depletion rate of freshwater aquifers as a result 
     of overuse of those aquifers by public water systems (as 
     defined in section 1401 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
     U.S.C. 300f)); and
       (2) the likelihood and results of saltwater intrusion into 
     freshwater aquifers due to the overuse described in paragraph 
     (1).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1469. Mr. KENNEDY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 1460 proposed by Mr. Carper (for himself and Mrs. 
Capito) to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under 
those Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

        At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. ANNUAL STUDY ON BOIL WATER ADVISORIES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
     Administrator shall conduct a study on the prevalence of boil 
     water advisories issued in the United States.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Administrator shall submit to Congress 
     a report describing the results of the most recent study 
     conducted under subsection (a) as part of the annual budget 
     request transmitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
     title 31, United States Code.
       (2) Requirement.--In the annual report required under 
     paragraph (1), the Administrator shall include a description 
     of the reasons for which boil water advisories were issued 
     during the year covered by the report.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 1470. Mr. KENNEDY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 1460 proposed by Mr. Carper (for himself and Mrs. 
Capito) to the bill S. 914, to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to reauthorize programs under 
those Acts, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

        At the end of section 102, add the following:
       (c) Allotment Requirement.--Section 1452(m) of the Safe 
     Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-12(m)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Requirement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, of the amounts made available under paragraph (1) for 
     capitalization grants to State loan funds, the Administrator 
     shall use 5 percent to make capitalization grants to States 
     in which the majority of public water systems are at least 50 
     years in age for the purpose of modernizing those public 
     water systems.''.

                          ____________________