Nomination of Debra Anne Haaland (Executive Session); Congressional Record Vol. 167, No. 48
(Senate - March 15, 2021)

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[Pages S1521-S1522]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office []

                    Nomination of Debra Anne Haaland

  Mr. LUJAN. Madam President, I rise today in anticipation of a 
historic vote that the Senate will take in a few moments to confirm 
Debra Anne Haaland as Secretary of the Interior. I am incredibly 
humbled to be able to preside over this body's confirmation, in just a 
few minutes, of my good friend and fellow New Mexican.
  This marks the first time that a Native American will take her seat 
in the President's Cabinet, making her the second highest ranking 
Native American to ever serve in the Federal Government.
  As a Pueblo woman and 35th-generation New Mexican, Deb Haaland has a 
long overdue perspective to contribute to the Department of the 
Interior's mission of protecting our natural resources and public 
lands, and honoring America's trust responsibilities to Tribal nations.
  She is uniquely equipped to begin to repair the relationship between 
the Interior and the domestic nations it serves--to the Bureau of 
Indian Affairs, these indigenous nations, these sovereign nations, 
these important departments, the Indian Health Service, the Bureau of 
Indian Education.
  Speaking to Pueblo and Tribal members in New Mexico, I know the 
significance of her confirmation, how it transcends policy. For young 
people in our State, she is the embodiment of the old adage that if you 
see it, you can be it.
  Knowing my friend Deb, although she will be the first, she is 
committed to not being the last.
  As former vice chair of the House Natural Resources Committee, Deb 
Haaland also brings a wealth of knowledge and experience to her role as 
the Interior Secretary. She has been a longtime champion of climate 
action, creating good-paying jobs, clean energy, and outdoor 
  She played a key role in passing the Great American Outdoors Act out 
of the House of Representatives, successfully protecting New Mexico 
landscapes and setting ambitious goals for conservation with her Thirty 
by Thirty Resolution to Save Nature. But of all the qualifications and 
accomplishments that Deb Haaland will bring to the Department of the 
Interior, there is one that stands out to those who know her best--her 
  Deb's experience as a single mother struggling to keep a roof over 
her family's head allows her to connect with compassion to her 
constituents and informs every aspect of her work. It is fitting that 
she will serve under a President who has made empathy the trademark of 
his administration.
  I have no doubt that Secretary Haaland will leave a mark on the 
Department of the Interior and on history as we know it. I look forward 
to continuing to work with my friend to make a difference for the 
people of New Mexico.
  Mr. DURBIN. Mr. President, one floor above this Senate Chamber, near 
a bank of elevators, sit the marble busts of two leaders of the Ojibwa, 
or Chippewa, people who came to Washington, DC, in 1855 to sign a 
treaty with the U.S.Government.
  The terms of the treaty had been dictated by the U.S. Government: The 
Ojibwa people would surrender more than 2 million acres of their 
ancestral homeland in northern Minnesota. In exchange, the Tribes would 
receive less than $20,000 in cash, goods, and services, and assistance 
to resettle on two reservations.

[[Page S1522]]

  There was no real negotiation. The Ojibwa has two choices: Accept the 
terms, or face annihilation. So the two chiefs, whose English names 
were Buffalo and Flat Mouth, signed the treaty and hoped that they had 
salvaged some future for their people.
  It was one of more than 500 treaties that Indian nations signed with 
the U.S. Government between 1778 and 1871.
  Like every one of those 500-plus treaties, the 1855 treaty with the 
Ojibwa Nation was violated by the U.S. Government.
  The part of our government most responsible for carrying out treaty 
obligations and maintaining government-to-government relations with 
Tribal nations was--and still is--the U.S. Department of the Interior. 
That is part of what makes the vote we will take today so historic and 
  It has taken too long--244 years--for a Native American to be 
included in a President's Cabinet.
  Deb Halland is a leader of honor, integrity and vision, and I commend 
President Biden for nominating her to this important post. As Secretary 
of the Interior, she will oversee the department that manages America's 
national parks and vast public lands. She also will lead the Bureau 
primarily responsible for maintaining relations between the U.S 
Government and the nearly 600 federally recognized, sovereign Tribes 
within our national borders.
  Her nomination has the strong backing of more than 500 national and 
regional Tribal leaders, civil rights organizations, and environmental 
and conservation groups. She received bipartisan support in the Senate 
Committee on Environment and Natural Resources.
  She is a thoughtful and inclusive leader who will search for balanced 
solutions on energy, climate, and natural resource policy. I also 
hope--and expect--that she will correct mistakes the previous 
administration made in removing protections for vast amounts of lands, 
including large portions of Bears Ears and the Grand Staircase-
Escalante National Monuments in Utah. These natural and cultural 
treasures are part of our shared national inheritance and must be 
protected. Deb Haaland understands that.
  In 2018, she became one of the first two indigenous women ever 
elected to Congress. She is a 35th-generation New Mexican and an 
enrolled member of the Laguna Pueblo, a Tribe of people who have lived 
on the land that is now New Mexico for 900 years.
  Defending this Nation is in her blood. Her father was a marine who 
received the Silver Star for his service in Vietnam and is buried in 
Arlington National Cemetery. Her mother is a Navy veteran who worked 
for a quarter century at the Bureau of Indian Education, an Interior 
Department Agency.
  This historic nomination is an important step towards healing a deep 
wound of our past, and it offers hope for a better future.
  I am honored to support Deb Haaland to serve as U.S. Secretary of the 
  Mr. LUJAN. I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Delaware.
  Mr. CARPER. Madam President, I rise today to support the historic 
nomination of Deb Haaland to be Secretary of the Interior.

  If confirmed, Congresswoman Haaland will be the first Native American 
Cabinet Secretary. And how fitting it would be at the Department of the 
Interior. After all, American Indians and Alaska Natives were the first 
stewards of this land. I know Representative Haaland will carry on that 
commitment as Interior Secretary.
  This nomination is important for all States, especially the State of 
Delaware, which I am privileged to represent in the U.S. Senate. The 
First State, as we are known, may be small, but the Department of the 
Interior's presence there is not. We are proud of our two National 
Wildlife Refugees and one of America's newest national parks, the First 
State National Historical Park, which helps tell the story of the 
founding of our Nation leading up to the ratification of the U.S. 
  As I've gotten to know Deb Haaland this year convinced that she is 
the right person to lead the Department of the Interior. We are at a 
critical juncture in our quest to protect our public lands, wildlife, 
and environment for future generations. She has spent her career 
fighting for these things. As Interior Secretary, I know she will 
continue that fight with compassion and integrity. And, as Chairman of 
the Senate Committee on the Environment and Public Works, I look 
forward to working with her and the team she will lead on restoring 
protections for migratory birds and our nation's most imperiled 
  If confirmed, Deb Haaland will also take the bold steps needed to 
addres greatest threat we face--the climate crisis. I believe that 
under her leadership, we will see offshore wind turbines in federal 
waters from Massachusetts to North Carolina, dramatically reducing 
carbon emissions.
  With that thought in mind, I look forward to working with her on 
advancing the Biden administration's renewable energy agenda. Deb has 
pledged to listen and work with all of us in her efforts to do so.
  Put simply, Deb Haaland is what we want in our leaders. She is 
humble, not haughty, with the heart of a true public servant. She works 
to unite, not divide to build bridges, not walls.
  So, I strongly support her nomination and encourage all my colleagues 
to do the same confirming. Deb Haaland will do great things for the 
American people. Let's make it happen.
  Madam President, let me just speak from my heart. My friend who just 
preceded me knows Deb Haaland from years of experience. Tom Udall, who 
served here for years, a close friend to all of us, has known Deb 
Haaland forever.
  I remember asking Tom Udall: What does she bring to the U.S. 
Department of the Interior? I will never forget what Tom said. He said: 
She will bring a good heart. She will bring a good mind. She has the 
heart of a servant. She is someone who is humble, not haughty. She will 
provide the leadership that is needed at the Department of the Interior 
after the years that we have been through.
  She will put together a good team, and when her team does well, she 
will give them the credit, and when her team falls short, she will take 
the blame.
  Those of us in the State of Delaware are proud to be the ``First 
State.'' We have two wonderful National Wildlife Refuges. We have a 
national park, one of the newest ones in the country, that really helps 
tell the story of the settlement of our country from the early days of 
colonial settlements, right up to the ratification of the Constitution.
  The Constitution lays out what is expected of us serving here and in 
the administration and also what is expected of Cabinet Secretaries, 
and it is seen in the, really the forward, if you will, the beginning, 
of the Constitution, where it says: ``We the People of the United 
States, in Order to form a more perfect Union. . . . ''
  We can do better than what we are doing. We can do better than what 
we are doing with respect to protecting our National heritage, our 
wildlife, our migratory birds. We can do better in all of this. She 
will bring that commitment to doing better.
  I will just close with this. I don't believe we have ever had, in the 
history of our country, a Native American who has been nominated to 
serve as a Cabinet Secretary. I think she is the first, and we are from 
the ``First State,'' Delaware. The idea that she will be the first 
Native American, how appropriate, how appropriate. When you think about 
it, who were the original stewards of this land, our air and our water, 
the birds and the animals and fish that all live here and populate this 
land of ours? Native Americans were the first stewards. Native Alaskans 
were the first stewards. And it is only appropriate that, finally, we 
picked one of them. We chose one of them.
  She has been nominated by the President, gone through her 
confirmation hearing, and we have a chance, today, to complete the 
process by confirming the nomination of Deb Haaland to be the Secretary 
of the Interior. I hope we will do that, and I thank you very much for 
allowing me to give these remarks.
  I yield the floor.