About the Congressional Record

After each day that Congress is in session, the proceedings are printed in the Congressional Record (CR) and available the following morning.

Daily Congressional proceedings may include legislative activity by the chambers and their committees, Member remarks, communications from the president, and more (described below in Congressional Record Sections). Note that official records of House and Senate actions are recorded in their respective journals.

Congress.gov provides numerous ways to access the CR. Among them are:

Scope of Coverage

Congress.gov provides full-text access to daily CR issues dating from 1995 (beginning with the 104th Congress). New issues become available on Congress.gov shortly after they are published on GPO's FDsys usually before 10:00 am. Late availability, often due to a late night Congressional session, is announced on the Most Recent Issue page. Issues are not usually printed for days that neither the Senate nor House met.

Browsing the Congressional Record

  • Browse By Date browse entire issues and all sections, 1995-present
  • Filters facilitate limiting items by Congress, Chamber of Origin, Section, and Member Remarks, 1995-present
  • Congressional Record Index is topical access to remarks and activities by Members, individuals, organizations, and legislative business mentioned in the CR. Index entries feature a linked Congressional Record page number and the date.

Searching the Congressional Record

  • To search the full text of the CR, choose Congressional Record from the search dropdown menu on the homepage, and enter a keyword or phrase in quotes. Refine search results by using the “search within” feature, or by selecting additional criteria from the filters to the left of results.
  • Congressional Record - Specialized Search Forms describes additional search options.
  • See Congressional Record Search Tips.
  • See Search Tools Overview for details on using operators and fields in your search query.

Congressional Record Sections

The CR is a daily account of the business conducted by each chamber and their committees. Each issue may include these sections:

Daily Digest is the default view for the CR. It provides a summary of the previous day's legislative activity. These headings may be present within the Daily Digest section:

Senate business conducted in the Senate chamber and committees. These headings may be present within the Senate section:

House business conducted in the House chamber and committees. These headings may be present within the House section:

Extensions of Remarks used only by House of Representative members to publish additional statements not actually delivered on the House floor.

Congressional Record Citations

Daily edition - Four distinct sections and page number series are within each daily issue. Page numbers are preceded by single letters designating the section, and require a volume number or date to be unique:

  • S for Senate (e.g., Volume 162, Issue No. 7, January 12, 2016, S45-S46)
  • H for House (e.g., Volume 161, Issue No. 9, January 20, 2015, H419-H424 Example is the president's State of the Union Address.)
  • E for Extensions of Remarks (e.g., Volume 158, Issue No. 154, December 4, 2012, E1875)
  • D for Daily Digest (e.g., Volume 154, Issue No. 65, April 23, 2008, D421-D482 Example is an announcement that Richard Gere is testifying at a committee hearing.)

Bound edition - After the end of each year, a permanent final version, referred to as the Congressional Record 'bound edition', is prepared by GPO. In the bound edition, the pagination is continuous, and there is some editing and rearrangement of texts.

Citations for daily edition issues differ from citations to the bound edition. Compare citations from both editions that have this title CONFERENCE REPORT ON HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION 83, CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2002:

Most web-accessible CRs are the daily edition. Three years (1999-2001) of the bound edition are available from FDsys.

History of the Congressional Record

The CR has been published by the GPO since 1873. Before 1873, records of congressional proceedings were kept under various titles: Annals of Congress, Register of Debates and Congressional Globe. Reporters of Debate and the Congressional Record provides narrative history.

Finding Congressional Records that Predate Authenticated Digital Publishing

Daily editions of the CR from 1989-1994 (101st to 103rd Congresses) can be browsed from the Congressional Record Archive. This archived set predates authenticated digital publishing. Among the documents known to be missing from that set are:

  • November 13, 1989 - entire issue
  • Conference reports from 101st Congress for: H.R.7, H.R.1465, H.R.996, H.R.2939, H.R.3072, H.R.3614, H.R.5114, H.R.5399, H.R.5769, S.580, S.1939, S.2740
  • Conference reports from 102nd Congress for: H.Con.Res.287, H.R.2038, H.R.2508, H.R.2519, H.R.2608, H.R.5006, H.R.5487

Senate.gov features a digital library of Résumés of Congressional Activity dating from 1947.

Century of Lawmaking provides full-text access to the "permanent edition" of the CR, and its previous titles, from 1789-1875 (1st through the 43rd Congresses).

Print format documents on various media (paper, microfiche, etc.) may be available at a federal depository library.

Research Guides and Related Resources

Find more information about the Congressional Record from:

In Custodia Legis - Debates of Congress: A Beginner's Guide

Law Librarians' Society

National Archives

U.S. Senate

Days on which the Congressional Record was Printed in Parts

Daily issues of the CR are sometimes printed in multiple parts. Days on which this occurs are listed below. Digital versions become single, continuous issues after all parts become available.

Volume Issue Date Number of Parts
161 184 December 17, 2015 3
161 51 March 26, 2015 2
160 147 December 4, 2014 2
160 137 November 12, 2014 2
160 134 September 18, 2014 2
160 122 July 31, 2014 2
160 39 March 10, 2014 2
160 9 January 15, 2014 2
160 1 January 3, 2014 2
159 175 December 11, 2013 3
159 127 September 24, 2013 2
157 193 December 15, 2011 2
157 77 June 1, 2011 2
157 73 May 25, 2011 2
157 27 February 18, 2011 2
157 26 February 17, 2011 2
157 25 February 16, 2011 2
156 165 December 14, 2010 2
156 133 September 29, 2010 2
156 132 September 28, 2010 2
156 113 July 29, 2010 3
156 99 June 29, 2010 2
156 82 May 27, 2010 2
156 43 March 21, 2010 2
155 199 December 23, 2009 2
155 193 December 18, 2009 2
155 183 December 8, 2009 3
155 97 June 25, 2009 2
155 31 February 23, 2009 2
155 1 January 6, 2009 2
154 152 September 24, 2008 2
154 129 July 31, 2008 2
154 85 May 22, 2008 2
154 43 March 13, 2008 2
153 193 December 17, 2007 3
153 186 December 6, 2007 3
153 127 August 3, 2007 2
153 126 August 2, 2007 2
153 125 August 1, 2007 2
153 124 July 31, 2007 2
153 123 July 30, 2007 2
153 120 July 25, 2007 2
153 114 July 17, 2007 2
153 101 June 21, 2007 2
153 96 June 14, 2007 2
153 94 June 12, 2007 2
153 86 May 24, 2007 2
153 85 May 23, 2007 2
153 77 May 10, 2007 2
152 135 December 8, 2006 2
152 133 December 6, 2006 2
152 125 September 29, 2006 2
152 124 September 28, 2006 2
152 106 August 3, 2006 2
152 87 June 29, 2006 2
152 67 May 25, 2006 2
152 62 May 18, 2006 2
152 61 May 17, 2006 2
152 34 March 16, 2006 2
151 167 December 21, 2005 2
151 164 December 18, 2005 3
151 161 December 15, 2005 2
151 160 December 14, 2005 2
151 153 November 17, 2005 2
151 152 November 16, 2005 2
151 129 October 6, 2005 2
151 105 July 28, 2005 2
151 104 July 27, 2005 2
151 90 June 30, 2005 2
151 89 June 29, 2005 2
151 54 April 28, 2005 2
151 35 March 20, 2005 2
151 33 March 17, 2005 2
150 134 November 19, 2004 3
150 127 October 8, 2004 2
150 126 October 7, 2004 2
150 125 October 6, 2004 2
150 124 October 5, 2004 2
150 116 September 23, 2004 2
150 109 September 14, 2004 2
150 103 July 22, 2004 2
150 102 July 21, 2004 2
150 101 July 20, 2004 2
150 89 June 24, 2004 2
150 88 June 23, 2004 2
150 84 June 17, 2004 2
150 83 June 16, 2004 2
150 72 May 20, 2004 2
150 70 May 18, 2004 2
150 67 May 13, 2004 2
150 61 May 5, 2004 2
150 44 April 1, 2004 2
150 43 March 31, 2004 2
150 31 March 11, 2004 2
149 174 November 25, 2003 2
149 169 November 20, 2003 2
149 167 November 18, 2003 2
149 166 November 17, 2003 2
149 164 November 12, 2003 3
149 160 November 6, 2003 2
149 155 October 30, 2003 2
149 145 October 16, 2003 2
149 124 September 10, 2003 2
149 116 July 31, 2003 2
149 115 July 30, 2003 2
149 111 July 24, 2003 2
149 110 July 23, 2003 2
149 106 July 17, 2003 2
149 101 July 10, 2003 2
149 96 June 26, 2003 2
149 95 June 25, 2003 2
149 77 May 22, 2003 2
149 76 May 21, 2003 2
149 73 May 15, 2003 2
149 72 May 14, 2003 2
149 59 April 11, 2003 2
149 58 April 10, 2003 2
149 57 April 9, 2003 2
149 54 April 3, 2003 2
149 45 March 20, 2003 2
149 31 February 26, 2003 2
149 27 February 13, 2003 2
149 26 February 12, 2003 3
149 21 February 5, 2003 2
149 12 January 23, 2003 2
149 7 January 15, 2003 2
149 1 January 7, 2003 2
148 151 November 20, 2002, 2003 2
148 150 November 19, 2002 2
148 147 November 14, 2002 2
148 145 November 12, 2002 2
148 137 October 17, 2002 2
148 136 October 16, 2002 2
148 135 October 15, 2002 2
148 132 October 9, 2002 2
148 108 August 1, 2002 2
148 107 July 31, 2002 2
148 103 July 25, 2002 2
148 102 July 24, 2002 2
148 101 July 23, 2002 2
148 95 July 15, 2002 2
148 88 June 27, 2002 2
148 87 June 26, 2002 2
148 73 June 6, 2002 2
148 72 June 5, 2002 2
148 68 May 23, 2002 2
148 66 May 21, 2002 2
148 61 May 14, 2002 2
148 58 May 9, 2002 2
147 13 February 13, 2002 2
147 178 December 20, 2001 2
147 177 December 19, 2001 2
147 176 December 18, 2001 2
147 175 December 17, 2001 2
147 173 December 13, 2001 2
147 172 December 12, 2001 2
147 171 December 11, 2001 2
147 163 November 29, 2001 2
147 158 November 15, 2001 2
147 149 November 01, 2001 2
147 147 October 30, 2001 2
147 136 October 11, 2001 2
147 123 September 20, 2001 2
147 111 August 2, 2001 2
147 110 August 1, 2001 2
147 109 July 31, 2001 2
147 74 May 25, 2001 2
147 68 May 17, 2001 2
147 59 May 3, 2001 2
147 58 May 2, 2001 2
147 49 April 5, 2001 2
146 154 December 14, 2000 2
146 136 October 26, 2000 2
146 135 October 25, 2000 2
146 126 October 11, 2000 2
146 124 October 6, 2000 2
146 123 October 5, 2000 2
146 100 July 27, 2000 2
146 99 July 26, 2000 2
146 95 July 20, 2000 2
146 85 June 29, 2000 2
146 83 June 27, 2000 2
146 79 June 21, 2000 2
146 47 April 13, 2000 2
145 165 November 19, 1999 2
145 164 November 18, 1999 2
145 163 November 17, 1999 2
145 158 November 10, 1999 2
145 130 September 30, 1999 2
145 114 August 5, 1999 2
145 113 August 4, 1999 2
145 109 July 29, 1999 2
145 96 July 01, 1999 2
145 48 March 25, 1999 2
145 8 January 19, 1999 2