Report text available as:

  • TXT
  • PDF   (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip ?
104th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 1st Session                                                    104-342
_______________________________________________________________________


 
 PROVIDING FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF H.R. 2564, LOBBYING DISCLOSURE ACT 
                                OF 1995

                                _______


 November 15, 1995.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

_______________________________________________________________________


     Mr. Goss, from the Committee on Rules, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                       [To accompany H. Res. 269]

    The Committee on Rules, having had under consideration 
House Resolution 269, by a non-record vote, report the same to 
the House with the recommendation that the resolution be 
adopted.

               brief summary of provisions of resolution

    The resolution provides for the consideration of H.R. 2564, 
the ``Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995'' under an open rule. The 
rule provides two hours of general debate divided equally 
between the chairman and ranking minority member of the 
Committee on the Judiciary.
    The rule waives clause 2(l)(6) of rule XI, which is the 
three day layover, against consideration of the bill. It waives 
all points of order against any amendment printed in the report 
of the Rules Committee. This general waiver includes a waiver 
of clause 7 of rule XVI (the germaneness rule) to protect the 
McIntosh amendment. The rule provides one motion to recommit 
with or without instructions.
    The rule further provides that, if the House passes a bill 
that is identical to the Senate bill, it will be in order to 
consider the Senate bill in the House without the intervention 
of any point of order. Finally the rule provides one motion to 
recommit on the Senate bill.

                            committee votes

    Pursuant to clause 2(l)(2)(B) of House rule XI the results 
of each rollcall vote on an amendment or motion to report, 
together with the names of those voting for and against, are 
printed below:

                    rules committee rollcall no. 255

    Date: November 15, 1995.
    Measure: Rule for consideration of H.R. 2564, Lobbying 
Disclosure Act of 1995.
    Motion by: Mr. Moakley.
    Summary of motion: To strike the waivers of points of order 
protecting the amendments printed in this report of the 
Committee on Rules.
    Results: Rejected, 5 to 7.
    Vote by Members: Quillen--Nay; Goss--Yea; Linder--Nay; 
Pryce--Nay; Diaz-Balart--Nay; McInnis--Nay; Waldholtz--Nay; 
Moakley--Yea; Beilenson--Yea; Frost--Yea; Hall--Yea; Solomon--
Nay.
    The amendments against which all points of order are waived 
are the following:

   1. Amendment to H.R. 2564 Offered by Mr. McIntosh (Disclosure of 
                       Receipt of Federal Funds)

  Beginning on page 24, redesignate sections 8 through 24 as 
sections 9 through 25, respectively, strike out ``this Act'' 
each place it occurs and insert ``this Act (other than section 
8)'', and insert after line 5 on page 24 the following:

SEC. 8. DISCLOSURE OF RECEIPT OF FEDERAL FUNDS.

  (a) Support or Opposition to Federal, State, or Local 
Government Policy.--Whenever a recipient organization that 
accepts Government funds makes any communication that in any 
way intends to promote public support or opposition to any 
policy of a Federal, State, or local government through any 
broadcasting station, newspaper, magazine, outdoor advertising 
facility, direct mailing, or any other type of general public 
advertising, such communication shall state the following: 
``This was prepared and paid for by an organization that 
accepts taxpayer dollars.''.
  (b) Special Disclosure Requirements if Government Funds 
Received.--Not later than January 31 of each calendar year, 
each recipient organization shall provide to any Government 
agency from which it receives Government funds a list which 
sets forth--
          (1) the identity of all Government agencies from 
        which it has received Government funds during the 
        preceding calendar year;
          (2) the amount or value of the funds received from 
        each identified Government agency;
          (3) the purposes for which the funds are provided to 
        the recipient organization;
          (4) the total amount expended by the recipient 
        organization for lobbying during the preceding calendar 
        year, including--
                  (A) all payments made for political advocacy;
                  (B) all payments made to influence 
                legislative or administrative action or 
                Government decisions;
                  (C) all payments made to lobbyists;
                  (D) any other lobbying expenses incurred by 
                the recipient organization; or
                  (E) any endorsements or coalitions, which 
                have as a purpose lobbying, that were joined or 
                signed on to;
          (5) the name and address of any person who was a 
        registered lobbyist for the recipient organization 
        during the preceding year;
          (6) the total amount of any campaign-related 
        contributions or expenditures made or the value of in-
        kind campaign-related contributions provided by the 
        recipient organization during the preceding calendar 
        year, including a description of--
                  (A) all payments or in-kind contributions 
                made to any political party or political action 
                committee;
                  (B) all payments or in-kind contributions in 
                support of or in opposition to any candidate 
                for political office;
                  (C) all payments or in-kind contributions in 
                support of or in opposition to any initiative, 
                measure, referendum, or recall of any public 
                official;
                  (D) all payments or in-kind contributions in 
                support of or in opposition to the nomination 
                or appointment of any person to public office;
                  (E) all payments or in-kind contributions 
                which relate to the reapportionment of any 
                legislative body; and
                  (F) all payments or in-kind contributions 
                provided to any affiliate of the recipient 
                organization during the preceding year for any 
                of the purposes enumerated in clauses (i) 
                through (v) above; and
          (7) a copy of the recipient organization's most 
        recent financial statement.
The list provided under this subsection shall be made available 
for inspection by the public.
  (c) Failure To Comply.--If a recipient organization makes any 
communication described in subsection (a) and fails to provide 
the statement required by that subsection, or if such an 
organization receives Government funds and fails to make the 
list required by subsection (b), such organization shall--
          (1) if such failure is the first failure, be subject 
        to a civil money penalty of $10,000, or
          (2) if such failure occurs after such a failure, be 
        ineligible to receive Federal funds for the 2 fiscal 
        years following the fiscal year in which such failure 
        occurred.
  (d) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
          (1) Government decision.--The term ``Government 
        decision'' includes regulations, policy and 
        policymaking, projects, appointments, nominations, 
        grants, contracts, subsidies, loans, loan forgiveness, 
        and foreign aid of the Federal Government and 
        legislation of the Congress (the introduction, passage, 
        amendment, defeat, signing or veto of legislation, 
        appropriations, resolutions, or constitutional 
        amendments).
          (2) Government funds.--The term ``Government funds'' 
        means all money or in-kind support, direct or indirect, 
        whether by grant, gift, Federal assistance, loan, 
        cooperative agreement, guarantee, or any other or 
        similar means supported or funded by or from the 
        Treasury of the United States. Government funds also 
        include those funds that result from a legal settlement 
        or consent decree in a Federal court which are 
        discretionary in where they may be directed and which 
        are provided to a recipient organization.
          (3) Influence legislative or administrative action or 
        government decision.--The term ``influence legislative 
        or administrative action or Government decision'' means 
        any activity intended to promote, support, influence, 
        modify, oppose, or delay any legislative or 
        administrative action or Government decision by means, 
        including the provision or use of testimony, 
        information, statistics, studies, endorsements, 
        publicity, analyses, monetary or in-kind contributions, 
        or any similar activity.
          (4) Lobbyist.--The term ``lobbyist'' means any 
        individual or entity who is employed or contracts for 
        consideration to communicate directly or indirectly, or 
        through the lobbyist's agent, with any executive or 
        legislative body for the purpose of influencing any 
        legislative or administrative action or Government 
        decision.
          (5) Political advocacy.--The term ``political 
        advocacy''--
                  (A) includes--
                          (i) attempting to influence the 
                        outcome of any Federal, State, or local 
                        election, recall, referendum, 
                        reapportionment, initiative, or similar 
                        procedure, through monetary or in-kind 
                        contributions, endorsements, publicity, 
                        or similar activity;
                          (ii) establishing, administering, 
                        contributing to, or paying the expenses 
                        of a political action committee, either 
                        directly or indirectly;
                          (iii) attempting to influence any 
                        legislative or administrative action or 
                        any Government decision that is of 
                        general application, including 
                        grassroots lobbying;
                          (iv) participating in, raising funds 
                        for, or making any monetary or in-kind 
                        contribution in support of judicial or 
                        administrative litigation, other than 
                        litigation in which the recipient 
                        organization is a party with standing 
                        to sue, to intervene as a party, or to 
                        defend on its own behalf;
                          (v) payment of dues or the 
                        contribution of money, services, or any 
                        other thing of value, to an 
                        organization that uses 5 percent or 
                        more of its annual expenditures for 
                        political advocacy;
                          (vi) conducting or supporting 
                        programs which encourage or provide 
                        training or guidance with respect to 
                        political advocacy, boycotts, 
                        picketing, strikes, or demonstrations;
                          (vii) joining, organizing, or 
                        assisting in the creation of any 
                        organization, association, coalition, 
                        alliance, federation, cooperative, 
                        confederation, or similar entity which 
                        has as one of its purposes to engage in 
                        political advocacy;
                          (viii) publication of any analysis, 
                        study, research, memorandum, or 
                        statement of policy which is prepared 
                        or published with the intent or design 
                        of having an influence upon the outcome 
                        of any Federal, State, or local 
                        election, referendum, initiative, 
                        reapportionment, or similar procedure, 
                        or to influence legislative or 
                        administrative action or any Government 
                        decision; and
                          (ix) the conduct of any of the above 
                        enumerated actions by or through 1 or 
                        more affiliates; and
                  (B) does not include--
                          (i) providing technical advice or 
                        assistance to a legislative body in 
                        response to a written or oral request 
                        by the legislative body;
                          (ii) appearance before, or 
                        communication to, a legislative or 
                        executive body with respect to any 
                        possible decision of the legislative or 
                        executive body which would affect the 
                        existence of the recipient 
                        organization, its tax-exempt status, 
                        the deductibility of contributions to 
                        the recipient organization, or any 
                        enforcement action against the 
                        recipient organization;
                          (iii) communications between the 
                        recipient organization and its dues 
                        paying members with respect to pending 
                        or proposed legislative or 
                        administrative action or Government 
                        decisions which will affect the 
                        existence of the recipient 
                        organization, its tax-exempt status, 
                        the deductibility of contributions to 
                        the recipient organization, or any 
                        enforcement action against the 
                        recipient organization; or
                          (iv) participating in a particular 
                        activity which constitutes only 
                        collective bargaining as to wages, 
                        hours, benefits, or working conditions 
                        by an organized labor organization, as 
                        defined in section 2(5) of the National 
                        Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 152(5)), 
                        on behalf of employees which the labor 
                        or trade union represents.
          (6) Recipient organization.--The term ``recipient 
        organization'' means any entity described in section 
        501 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 which is 
        exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
  (e) Effective Dates.--This section shall take effect--
          (1) with respect to a communication described in 
        subsection (a), 1 year after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act; and
          (2) with respect to the list required by subsection 
        (c), with respect to Government funds received 1 year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
                              ----------                              


   2. Amendment to H.R. 2564, as Reported, Offered by Mr. Istook of 
                                Oklahoma

  Page 37, strike lines 5 through 10 and insert the following:

SEC. 18. PROHIBITION ON SUBSIDIZING POLITICAL ADVOCACY WITH TAXPAYER 
                    FUNDS.

  (a) Limitations.--
          (1) Prohibition of grants for organizations engaging 
        in substantial lobbying.--
                  (A) No organization may receive a grant in 
                any Federal fiscal year if, during the 
                preceding Federal fiscal year, the 
                organization--
                          (i) received more than a total of 
                        $125,000 in grants; and
                          (ii) had expenditures for lobbying 
                        activities in excess of a permissible 
                        amount determined by applying the 
                        formula set forth in section 
                        4911(c)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue 
                        Code of 1986, as modified by 
                        subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.
                  (B) In applying the formula referred to in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) for purposes of this 
                paragraph:
                          (i) The last item in such formula 
                        (relating to amounts over $1,500,000) 
                        shall be considered to refer instead to 
                        the following:


Over $1,500,000 but not over $17,000,000..  $225,000 plus 5 percent of  
                                             the excess of the exempt   
                                             purpose expenditures over  
                                             $1,500,000.                
Over $17,000,000..........................  $1,000,000 plus 1 percent of
                                             the excess of the exempt   
                                             purpose expenditures over  
                                             $17,000,000.               
                                                                        


                          (ii) The term ``exempt purpose 
                        expenditures'' shall be considered to 
                        refer instead to the total expenditures 
                        of the organization for such preceding 
                        Federal fiscal year, other than--
                                  (I) the amounts excluded by 
                                section 4911(e)(1)(C) of the 
                                Internal Revenue Code of 1986; 
                                and
                                  (II) an amount equal to the 
                                total amount received in grants 
                                by the organization during such 
                                preceding Federal fiscal year
                          (iii) The term ``lobbying nontaxable 
                        amount'' shall be considered to refer 
                        instead to the permissible amount under 
                        subparagraph (A)(ii).
                  (C) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any 
                organization for which an election under 
                section 501(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                1986 is in effect during all of the preceding 
                Federal fiscal year referred to in such 
                subparagraph.
          (2) Prohibition of grants for 501(c)(4) organizations 
        engaging in any lobbying activities.--An organization 
        described in section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986 that engaged in lobbying activities during 
        the organization's previous taxable year shall not be 
        eligible to receive Federal funds constituting a grant.
  (b) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section (and 
notwithstanding section 3):
          (1) Agency.--The term ``agency'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 551(1) of title 5, United 
        States Code, but includes agencies of State and local 
        governments.
          (2) Client.--The term ``client'' means any person or 
        entity that employs or retains another person for 
        financial or other compensation to conduct lobbying 
        activities on behalf of that person or entity. A person 
        or entity whose employees act as lobbyists on its own 
        behalf is both a client and an employer of such 
        employees. In the case of a coalition or association 
        that employs or retains other persons to conduct 
        lobbying activities, the client is the coalition or 
        association and not its individual members.
          (3) Covered executive branch official.--The term 
        ``covered executive branch official'' means any officer 
        or employee of the executive branch of the Federal 
        Government, or of any State or local government.
          (4) Covered legislative branch official.--The term 
        ``covered legislative branch official'' means any 
        officer or employee of the legislative branch of the 
        Federal Government, or of any State or local 
        government.
          (5) Employee.--The term ``employee'' means any 
        individual who is an officer, employee, partner, 
        director, or proprietor of a person or entity, but does 
        not include--
                  (A) independent contractors; or
                  (B) volunteers who receive no financial or 
                other compensation from the person or entity 
                for their services.
          (6) Foreign entity.--The term ``foreign entity'' 
        means a foreign principal (as defined in section 1(b) 
        of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 (22 
        U.S.C. 611(b)).
          (7) Grant.--The term ``grant'' means the provision of 
        any Federal funds, appropriated under this or any other 
        Act, to carry out a public purpose of the United 
        States, except--
                  (A) the provision of funds for acquisition 
                (by purchase, lease, or barter) of property or 
                services for the direct benefit or use of the 
                United States;
                  (B) the payments of loans, debts, or 
                entitlements;
                  (C) the provision of funds to, or 
                distribution of funds by, a Federal court 
                established under Article I or III of the 
                Constitution of the United States;
                  (D) nonmonetary assistance provided by the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs to organizations 
                approved or recognized under section 5902 of 
                title 38, United States Code; and
                  (E) the provision of grant and scholarship 
                funds to students for educational purposes.
          (8) Lobbying activities.--The term ``lobbying 
        activities'' means--
                  (A) lobbying contacts and efforts in support 
                of such contacts, including preparation and 
                planning activities, research and other 
                background work that is intended, at the time 
                it is performed, for use in contacts, and 
                coordination with the lobbying activities of 
                others; and
                  (B) advocating the election or defeat of any 
                candidate for public office, or the passage or 
                non-passage of any ballot proposition.
          (9) Lobbying contact.--
                  (A) Definition.--The term ``lobbying 
                contact'' means any oral or written 
                communication (including an electronic 
                communication) to a covered executive branch 
                official or a covered legislative branch 
                official that is made on behalf of a client 
                with regard to--
                          (i) the formulation, modification, or 
                        adoption of any legislation (including 
                        legislative proposals);
                          (ii) the formulation, modification, 
                        or adoption of any rule, regulation, 
                        Executive order, or any other program, 
                        policy, or position of the government;
                          (iii) the administration or execution 
                        of a government program or policy 
                        (including the negotiation, award, or 
                        administration of a government 
                        contract, grant, loan, permit, or 
                        license); or
                          (iv) the nomination or confirmation 
                        of a person for a position subject to 
                        confirmation by the Senate, or by a 
                        State or local legislative body.
                  (B) Exceptions.--The term ``lobbying 
                contact'' does not include a communication that 
                is--
                          (i) made by a public official acting 
                        in the public official's official 
                        capacity;
                          (ii) made by a representative of a 
                        media organization if the purpose of 
                        the communication is gathering and 
                        disseminating news and information to 
                        the public;
                          (iii) made in a speech, article, 
                        publication or other material that is 
                        distributed and made available to the 
                        public, or through radio, television, 
                        cable television, or other medium of 
                        mass communication;
                          (iv) made on behalf of a government 
                        of a foreign country or a foreign 
                        political party and disclosed under the 
                        Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 
                        (22 U.S.C. 611 et seq.);
                          (v) a request for a meeting, a 
                        request for the status of an action, or 
                        any other similar administrative 
                        request, if the request does not 
                        include an attempt to influence a 
                        covered executive branch official or a 
                        covered legislative branch official;
                          (vi) made in the course of 
                        participation in an advisory committee;
                          (vii) testimony given before a 
                        legislative committee, subcommittee, or 
                        task force, or submitted for inclusion 
                        in the public record of a hearing 
                        conducted by such committee, 
                        subcommittee, or task force;
                          (viii) information provided in 
                        writing in response to an oral or 
                        written request by a covered executive 
                        branch official or a covered 
                        legislative branch official for 
                        specific information;
                          (ix) required by subpoena, civil 
                        investigative demand, or otherwise 
                        compelled by statute, regulation, or 
                        other action of the government;
                          (x) made in response to a notice in 
                        the Federal Register, Commerce Business 
                        Daily, or other similar publication 
                        soliciting communications from the 
                        public and directed to the agency 
                        official specifically designated in the 
                        notice to receive such communications;
                          (xi) not possible to report without 
                        disclosing information, the 
                        unauthorized disclosure of which is 
                        prohibited by law;
                          (xii) made to an official in an 
                        agency with regard to--
                                  (I) a judicial proceeding or 
                                a criminal or civil law 
                                enforcement inquiry, 
                                investigation, or proceeding; 
                                or
                                  (II) a filing or proceeding 
                                that the government is 
                                specifically required by 
                                statute or regulation to 
                                maintain or conduct on a 
                                confidential basis,
                        if that agency is charged with 
                        responsibility for such proceeding, 
                        inquiry, investigation, or filing;
                          (xiii) made in compliance with 
                        written agency procedures regarding an 
                        adjudication conducted by the agency 
                        under section 554 of title 5, United 
                        States Code, or substantially similar 
                        provisions;
                          (xiv) a written comment filed in the 
                        course of a public proceeding or any 
                        other communication that is made on the 
                        record in a public proceeding;
                          (xv) a petition for agency action 
                        made in writing and required to be a 
                        matter of public record pursuant to 
                        established agency procedures;
                          (xvi) made on behalf of an individual 
                        with regard to that individual's 
                        benefits, employment, or other personal 
                        matters involving only that individual, 
                        except that this clause does not apply 
                        to any communication with--
                                  (I) a covered executive 
                                branch official; or
                                  (II) a covered legislative 
                                branch official (other than the 
                                individual's elected 
                                legislative representatives or 
                                employees who work under such 
                                representatives' direct 
                                supervision),
                        with respect to the formulation, 
                        modification, or adoption of private 
                        legislation for the relief of that 
                        individual;
                          (xvii) a disclosure by an individual 
                        that is protected under the amendments 
                        made by the Whistleblower Protection 
                        Act of 1989, under the Inspector 
                        General Act of 1978, or under another 
                        provision of law;
                          (xviii) made by--
                                  (I) a church, its integrated 
                                auxiliary, or a convention or 
                                association of churches that is 
                                exempt from filing a Federal 
                                income tax return under 
                                paragraph 2(A)(i) of section 
                                6033(a) of the Internal Revenue 
                                Code of 1986, or
                                  (II) a religious order that 
                                is exempt from filing a Federal 
                                income tax return under 
                                paragraph (2)(A)(iii) of such 
                                section 6033(a); and
                          (xix) between--
                                  (I) officials of a self-
                                regulatory organization (as 
                                defined in section 3(a)(26) of 
                                the Securities Exchange Act) 
                                that is registered with or 
                                established by the Securities 
                                and Exchange Commission as 
                                required by that Act or a 
                                similar organization that is 
                                designated by or registered 
                                with the Commodities Future 
                                Trading Commission as provided 
                                under the Commodity Exchange 
                                Act; and
                                  (II) the Securities and 
                                Exchange Commission or the 
                                Commodities Future Trading 
                                Commission, respectively;
                        relating to the regulatory 
                        responsibilities of such organization 
                        under that Act.
          (10) Lobbying firm.--The term ``lobbying firm'' means 
        a person or entity that has one or more employees who 
        are lobbyists on behalf of a client other than that 
        person or entity. The term also includes a self-
        employed individual who is a lobbyist.
          (11) Lobbyist.--The term ``lobbyist'' means any 
        individual who is employed or retained by a client for 
        financial or other compensation for services that 
        include more than one lobbying contact, other than an 
        individual whose lobbying activities constitute less 
        than 20 percent of the time engaged in the services 
        provided by such individual to that client over a six 
        month period.
          (12) Media organization.--The term ``media 
        organization'' means a person or entity engaged in 
        disseminating information to the general public through 
        a newspaper, magazine, other publication, radio, 
        television, cable television, or other medium of mass 
        communication.
          (13) Organization.--The term ``organization'' means a 
        person or entity other than an individual.
          (14) Person or entity.--The term ``person or entity'' 
        means any individual, corporation, company, foundation, 
        association, labor organization, firm, partnership, 
        society, joint stock company, group of organizations, 
        or State or local government.
          (15) Public official.--The term ``public official'' 
        means any elected official, appointed official, or 
        employee of--
                  (A) a Federal, State, or local unit of 
                government in the United States other than--
                          (i) a college or university;
                          (ii) a government-sponsored 
                        enterprise (as defined in section 3(8) 
                        of the Congressional Budget and 
                        Impoundment Control Act of 1974);
                          (iii) a public utility that provides 
                        gas, electricity, water, or 
                        communications;
                          (iv) a guaranty agency (as defined in 
                        section 435(j) of the Higher Education 
                        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1085(j))), 
                        including any affiliate of such an 
                        agency; or
                          (v) an agency of any State 
                        functioning as a student loan secondary 
                        market pursuant to section 435(d)(1)(F) 
                        of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                        U.S.C. 1085(d)(1)(F));
                  (B) a Government corporation (as defined in 
                section 9101 of title 31, United States Code);
                  (C) an organization of State or local elected 
                or appointed officials other than officials of 
                an entity described in clause (i), (ii), (iii), 
                (iv), or (v) of subparagraph (A);
                  (D) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 
                4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and 
                Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(e));
                  (E) a national or State political party or 
                any organizational unit thereof; or
                  (F) a national, regional, or local unit of 
                any foreign government.
          (16) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the 
        several States, the District of Columbia, and any 
        commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United 
        States.
  (c) Disclosure Requirements.--Not later than December 31 of 
each year, each organization receiving a grant shall provide 
(via either electronic or paper medium) to each Federal entity 
that awarded or administered its grant an annual report for the 
previous Federal fiscal year, certified by the grantee's chief 
executive officer or equivalent person of authority, setting 
forth--
          (1) the grantee's name and grantee identification 
        number;
          (2) a statement that the grantee agrees that it is, 
        and shall continue to be, contractually bound by the 
        terms of this section as a condition of the continued 
        receipt and use of Federal funds; and
          (3)(A) a statement that the grantee spent less than 
        $25,000 on lobbying activities in the grantee's most 
        recent taxable year; or
          (B)(i) the amount or value of the grant (including 
        all administrative and overhead costs awarded);
          (ii) a good faith estimate of the grantee's actual 
        expenses on lobbying activities in the most recent 
        taxable year; and
          (iii) a good faith estimate of the grantee's allowed 
        expenses on lobbying activities under subsection (a).
  (d) Public Accountability.--
          (1) Public availability of lobbying disclosure 
        forms.--Any Federal entity awarding a grant shall make 
        publicly available any grant application, and the 
        annual report of a grantee provided under subsection 
        (c).
          (2) Accessibility to public.--The public's access to 
        the documents identified in paragraph (1) shall be 
        facilitated by the Federal entity by--
                  (A) placement of such documents in the 
                Federal entity's public document reading room;
                  (B) expediting any requests under section 552 
                of title 5, United States Code (the Freedom of 
                Information Act), ahead of any requests for 
                other information pending at such Federal 
                entity; and
                  (C) submitting to the Bureau of the Census a 
                report (standardized by the Office of 
                Management and Budget) setting forth the 
                information provided in such documents, which 
                the Bureau of the Census shall make available 
                to the public through the Internet.
          (3) Withholding prohibited.--Records described in 
        paragraph (1) shall not be subject to withholding, 
        except under the exemption set forth in subsection 
        (b)(7)(A) of section 552 of title 5, United States 
        Code.
          (4) Fees prohibited.--No fees for searching for or 
        copying such documents shall be charged to the public.
  (e) Effective Date.--The provisions of this section shall 
become effective January 4, 1996, and shall apply thereafter.