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104th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 1st Session                                                    104-345
_______________________________________________________________________


 
            NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM DESIGNATION ACT OF 1995

                                _______


               November 15, 1995.--Ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________


 Mr. Shuster, from the committee of conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 440]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 
440), to amend title 23, United States Code, to provide for the 
designation of the National Highway System, and for other 
purposes, having met, after full and free conference, have 
agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses 
as follows:
      That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the House to the text of the bill and agree to the 
same with an amendment as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
House amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``National 
Highway System Designation Act of 1995''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Secretary defined.

                    TITLE I--NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

Sec. 101. National highway system designation.

              TITLE II--TRANSPORTATION FUNDING FLEXIBILITY

Sec. 201. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 202. Funding restoration.
Sec. 203. Rescissions.
Sec. 204. State unobligated balance flexibility.
Sec. 205. Relief from mandates.
Sec. 206. Definitions.

               TITLE III--MISCELLANEOUS HIGHWAY PROVISIONS

Sec. 301. Traffic monitoring, management, and control of NHS.
Sec. 302. Transferability of apportionments.
Sec. 303. Quality improvement.
Sec. 304. Design criteria for the national highway system.
Sec. 305. Applicability of transportation conformity requirements.
Sec. 306. Motorist call boxes.
Sec. 307. Quality through competition.
Sec. 308. Limitation on advance construction.
Sec. 309. Preventive maintenance.
Sec. 310. Federal share.
Sec. 311. Eligibility of bond and other debt instrument financing for 
          reimbursement as construction expenses.
Sec. 312. Vehicle weight and longer combination vehicles exemptions.
Sec. 313. Toll roads.
Sec. 314. Scenic byways.
Sec. 315. Applicability of certain requirements to third party sellers.
Sec. 316. Streamlining for transportation enhancement projects.
Sec. 317. Metropolitan planning for highway projects.
Sec. 318. Non-Federal share for certain toll bridge projects.
Sec. 319. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 320. Operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors.
Sec. 321. Utilization of the private sector for surveying and mapping 
          services.
Sec. 322. Donations of funds, materials, or services for federally 
          assisted projects.
Sec. 323. Discovery and admission as evidence of certain reports and 
          surveys.
Sec. 324. Alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures.
Sec. 325. References to Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.
Sec. 326. Public transit vehicles exemption.
Sec. 327. Use of recycled paving material.
Sec. 328. Roadside barrier technology.
Sec. 329. Corrections to miscellaneous authorizations.
Sec. 330. Corrections to high cost bridge projects.
Sec. 331. Corrections to congestion relief projects.
Sec. 332. High priority corridors.
Sec. 333. Corrections to rural access projects.
Sec. 334. Corrections to urban access and mobility projects.
Sec. 335. Corrections to innovative projects.
Sec. 336. Corrections to intermodal projects.
Sec. 337. National recreational trails.
Sec. 338. Intelligent transportation systems.
Sec. 339. Eligibility.
Sec. 340. Miscellaneous corrections to Surface Transportation and 
          Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987.
Sec. 341. Accessibility of over-the-road buses to individuals with 
          disabilities.
Sec. 342. Alcohol and controlled substances testing.
Sec. 343. National driver register.
Sec. 344. Commercial motor vehicle safety pilot program.
Sec. 345. Exemptions from requirements relating to commercial motor 
          vehicles and their operators.
Sec. 346. Winter home heating oil delivery State flexibility program.
Sec. 347. Safety report.
Sec. 348. Moratorium on certain emissions testing requirements.
Sec. 349. Roads on Federal lands.
Sec. 350. State infrastructure bank pilot program.
Sec. 351. Railroad-highway grade crossing safety.
Sec. 352. Collection of bridge tolls.
Sec. 353. Traffic control.
Sec. 354. Public use of rest areas.
Sec. 355. Safety belt use law requirements for New Hampshire and Maine.
Sec. 356. Orange County, California, toll roads.
Sec. 357. Compilation of title 23, United States Code.
Sec. 358. Safety research initiatives.
Sec. 359. Miscellaneous studies.

                TITLE IV--WOODROW WILSON MEMORIAL BRIDGE

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Findings.
Sec. 403. Purposes.
Sec. 404. Definitions.
Sec. 405. Establishment of authority.
Sec. 406. Government of authority.
Sec. 407. Ownership of bridge.
Sec. 408. Project planning.
Sec. 409. Additional powers and responsibilities of authority.
Sec. 410. Funding.
Sec. 411. Availability of prior authorizations.

SEC. 2. SECRETARY DEFINED.

    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Transportation.

                    TITLE I--NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

SEC. 101. NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM DESIGNATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 103(b) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Designation of nhs.--The National Highway 
        System as submitted by the Secretary of Transportation 
        on the map entitled `Official Submission, National 
        Highway System, Federal Highway Administration', and 
        dated November 13, 1995, is hereby designated within 
        the United States, including the District of Columbia 
        and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            ``(6) Modifications to nhs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph 
                (7), the Secretary may make modifications to 
                the National Highway System that are proposed 
                by a State or that are proposed by the State 
                and revised by the Secretary if the Secretary 
                determines that each of the modifications--
                            ``(i) meets the criteria 
                        established for the National Highway 
                        System under this title; and
                            ``(ii) enhances the national 
                        transportation characteristics of the 
                        National Highway System.
                    ``(B) Cooperation.--In proposing 
                modifications under this paragraph, a State 
                shall cooperate with local and regional 
                officials. In urbanized areas, the local 
                officials shall act through the metropolitan 
                planning organizations designated for such 
                areas under section 134.
            ``(7) Transitional rules for intermodal 
        connectors.--
                    ``(A) Required submission.--Not later than 
                180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
                National Highway System Designation Act of 
                1995, the Secretary shall submit for approval 
                to the Committee on Environment and Public 
                Works of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
                of Representatives modifications to the 
                National Highway System that are proposed by a 
                State or that are proposed by the State and 
                revised by the Secretary and that consist of 
                connectors to major ports, airports, 
                international border crossings, public 
                transportation and transit facilities, 
                interstate bus terminals, and rail and other 
                intermodal transportation facilities.
                    ``(B) Cooperation.--Paragraph (6)(B) shall 
                apply to modifications proposed by a State 
                under this paragraph.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--
                            ``(i) Initial approval by law.--
                        Modifications proposed under 
                        subparagraph (A) may take effect only 
                        if a law has been enacted approving 
                        such modifications.
                            ``(ii) Interim eligibility.--
                        Notwithstanding clause (i), a project 
                        to construct a connector to an 
                        intermodal transportation facility 
                        described in subparagraph (A) shall be 
                        eligible for funds apportioned under 
                        section 104(b)(1) for the National 
                        Highway System if the Secretary finds 
                        that the project is consistent with 
                        criteria developed by the Secretary for 
                        construction of such connectors.
                            ``(iii) Period of eligibility.--A 
                        project which is eligible under clause 
                        (ii) for funds apportioned under 
                        section 104(b)(1) shall remain eligible 
                        for such funds pursuant to clause (ii) 
                        only until the date of the enactment of 
                        a law described in clause (i).
                    ``(D) Modifications after initial 
                approval.--After the date of the enactment of a 
                law described in subparagraph (C)(i), a 
                modification consisting of a connector to an 
                intermodal transportation facility described in 
                subparagraph (A) may be made in accordance with 
                paragraph (6).
            ``(8) Congressional high priority corridors.--Upon 
        the completion of feasibility studies, the Secretary 
        shall add to the National Highway System any 
        congressional high priority corridor or any segment 
        thereof established by section 1105 of the Intermodal 
        Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
        Stat. 2031-2037) which was not identified on the 
        National Highway System designated by paragraph (5).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 103(b)(3) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``For purposes 
        of proposing highways for designation to the National 
        Highway System, the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (D)--
                    (A) by striking ``In proposing highways for 
                designation to the National Highway System, 
                the'' and inserting ``The''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``mileage'' the 
                following: ``on the National Highway System''.

              TITLE II--TRANSPORTATION FUNDING FLEXIBILITY

SEC. 201. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds and declares that--
            (1) Federal infrastructure spending on 
        transportation is critical to the efficient movement of 
        goods and people in the United States;
            (2) section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1921) 
        has been estimated to result in fiscal year 1996 
        transportation spending being reduced by as much as 
        $2,700,000,000;
            (3) such section 1003(c) will result in a reduction 
        of critical funds to States from the Highway Trust 
        Fund; and
            (4) the funding reduction will have adverse effects 
        on the national economy and the predictability of 
        funding for the Nation's highway system and impede 
        interstate commerce.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this title are--
            (1) to make the program categories in the Federal-
        aid highway program more flexible so that States may 
        fund high-priority projects in fiscal year 1996;
            (2) to reallocate funds from certain programs 
        during fiscal year 1996 so that the States will be able 
        to continue their core transportation infrastructure 
        programs;
            (3) to ensure the equitable distribution of funds 
        to urbanized areas with a population over 200,000 in a 
        manner consistent with the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991; and
            (4) to suspend certain penalties that would be 
        imposed on the States.

SEC. 202. FUNDING RESTORATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than the 10th day following the 
date of the enactment of this Act and on October 1, 1997, or as 
soon as possible thereafter, the Secretary shall allocate among 
the States the amounts made available, as a result of section 
203, to carry out this section for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, 
respectively, for projects eligible for assistance under 
chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Allocation Formula.--Funds made available to carry out 
this section shall be allocated among the States in accordance 
with the following table:

  States:                                         Allocation Percentages
    Alabama....................................................... 1.80 
    Alaska........................................................ 1.20 
    Arizona....................................................... 1.43 
    Arkansas...................................................... 1.42 
    California.................................................... 9.17 
    Colorado...................................................... 1.27 
    Connecticut................................................... 1.74 
    Delaware...................................................... 0.39 
    District of Columbia.......................................... 0.52 
    Florida....................................................... 4.04 
    Georgia....................................................... 2.92 
    Hawaii........................................................ 0.54 
    Idaho......................................................... 0.70 
    Illinois...................................................... 3.88 
    Indiana....................................................... 2.18 
    Iowa.......................................................... 1.27 
    Kansas........................................................ 1.13 
    Kentucky...................................................... 1.53 
    Louisiana..................................................... 1.52 
    Maine......................................................... 0.65 
    Maryland...................................................... 1.68 
    Massachusetts................................................. 4.11 
    Michigan...................................................... 2.75 
    Minnesota..................................................... 1.69 
    Mississippi................................................... 1.11 
    Missouri...................................................... 2.28 
    Montana....................................................... 0.93 
    Nebraska...................................................... 0.79 
    Nevada........................................................ 0.69 
    New Hampshire................................................. 0.48 
    New Jersey.................................................... 2.86 
    New Mexico.................................................... 1.02 
    New York...................................................... 5.35 
    North Carolina................................................ 2.62 
    North Dakota.................................................. 0.64 
    Ohio.......................................................... 3.64 
    Oklahoma...................................................... 1.36 
    Oregon........................................................ 1.23 
    Pennsylvania.................................................. 4.93 
    Rhode Island.................................................. 0.56 
    South Carolina................................................ 1.42 
    South Dakota.................................................. 0.69 
    Tennessee..................................................... 2.00 
    Texas......................................................... 6.21 
    Utah.......................................................... 0.73 
    Vermont....................................................... 0.43 
    Virginia...................................................... 2.28 
    Washington.................................................... 2.05 
    West Virginia................................................. 1.15 
    Wisconsin..................................................... 1.90 
    Wyoming....................................................... 0.65 
    Puerto Rico................................................... 0.46 
    Territories...................................................0.01. 

    (c) Effect of Allocations.--Funds distributed to States 
under subsection (b) shall not affect calculations to determine 
allocations to States under section 157 of title 23, United 
States Code, and sections 1013(c), 1015(a), and 1015(b) of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 
U.S.C. 104 note).
    (d) Applicability of Chapter 1  of Title 23.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made 
available to carry out this section shall be available for 
obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned 
under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code. Such funds 
shall be available for obligation for the fiscal year for which 
such amounts are made available plus the 3 succeeding fiscal 
years. Obligation limitations for Federal-aid highways and 
highway safety construction programs established by the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and 
subsequent laws shall apply to obligations made under this 
section.
    (e) Special Rule for Urbanized Areas of Over 200,000.--
            (1) General rule.--The amount determined by 
        application of the percentage determined under 
        paragraph (2) to funds allocated to a State under this 
        section for a fiscal year shall be obligated in 
        urbanized areas of the State with an urbanized 
        population of over 200,000 under section 133(d)(3) of 
        title 23, United States Code.
            (2) Percentage.--The percentage referred to in 
        paragraph (1) is the percentage determined by 
        dividing--
                    (A) the total amount of the reduction in 
                funds that would have been attributed under 
                section 133(d)(3) of title 23, United States 
                Code, to urbanized areas of the State with an 
                urbanized population of over 200,000 for fiscal 
                year 1996 as a result of the application of 
                section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface 
                Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
                Stat. 1921); by
                    (B) the total amount of the reduction in 
                authorized funds for fiscal year 1996 that 
                would have been allocated to the State, and 
                that would have been apportioned to the State, 
                as a result of the application of such section 
                1003(c).
    (f) Limitation on Planning Expenditures.--One-half of 1 
percent of amounts allocated to each State under this section 
in any fiscal year may be available for expenditure for the 
purpose of carrying out the requirements of section 134 of 
title 23, United States Code (relating to transportation 
planning). One and \1/2\ percent of the amounts allocated to 
each State under this section in any fiscal year may be 
available for expenditure for the purpose of carrying out 
activities referred to in section 307(c) of such title.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account), to carry out this section 
$266,522,436 for fiscal year 1996 and $155,000,000 for fiscal 
year 1997. Such funds shall not be subject to an administrative 
deduction under section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code.
    (h) Territories Defined.--In this section, the term 
``territories'' means the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, 
and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 203. RESCISSIONS.

    (a) Rescissions.--Effective on the date of the enactment of 
this Act and after any necessary reductions are made under 
section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1921), the following 
unobligated balances available on such date of enactment, of 
funds made available for the following provisions are hereby 
rescinded:
            (1) $78,994 made available by section 131(c) of the 
        Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 
        2120).
            (2) $798,701 made available by section 131(j) of 
        the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 
        Stat. 2123).
            (3) $942,249 made available by section 149(a)(66) 
        of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 185).
            (4) $52,834 made available by section 149(a)(95) of 
        the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 195).
            (5) $909,131 made available by section 149(a)(99) 
        of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 195).
            (6) $797,800 made available by section 149(a)(100) 
        of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 195).
            (7) $2 made available by section 149(c)(3) of the 
        Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 201).
            (8) $24,706,878 made available by section 
        1012(b)(6) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1938).
            (9) $15,401,107 made available by section 
        1003(a)(7) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1919).
            (10) $113,834,740, or such greater amount as may be 
        necessary to ensure that the aggregate of amounts 
        rescinded by this subsection and amounts reduced by the 
        amendments made by subsection (b) is equal to the 
        amount authorized to be appropriated by section 202(g) 
        for fiscal year 1996, deducted by the Secretary under 
        section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Reductions in Authorized Amounts.--
            (1) Magnetic levitation.--Section 1036(d)(1) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
        1991 (105 Stat. 1986) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting 
                ``and'' after ``1994,'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``, 
                $125,000,000'' and all that follows through 
                ``1997''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``1996, 
                and 1997'' and inserting ``and 1996''.
            (2) Highway safety programs.--Section 2005(1) of 
        such Act (105 Stat. 2079) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``and'' the first place it 
                appears and inserting a comma; and
                    (B) by striking ``1996, and 1997'' and 
                inserting ``and 1996, and $146,000,000 for 
                fiscal year 1997''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) shall take effect on the later 
        of the date of the enactment of this Act or as soon as 
        possible after the date on which authorized funds for 
        fiscal year 1996 are reduced as a result of application 
        of section 1003(c) of such Act.
    (c) Congestion Pricing Pilot Program Transfers.--After the 
date on which authorized funds for fiscal year 1996 are reduced 
as a result of application of section 1003(c) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, the amounts made 
available for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 to carry out section 
1012(b) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (105 Stat. 1938) shall be available to carry out 
projects under section 202 of this Act.

SEC. 204. STATE UNOBLIGATED BALANCE FLEXIBILITY.

    (a) Reduction in Federal Funding.--
            (1) Notification of states.--On the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, or as soon as possible 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall notify each State of 
        the total amount of the reduction in authorized funds 
        for fiscal year 1996 that would have been allocated to 
        such State, and that would have been apportioned to 
        such State, as a result of application of section 
        1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991.
            (2) Exclusion of certain funding.--In determining 
        the amount of any reduction under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall deduct the amount allocated to each 
        State in fiscal year 1996 to carry out projects under 
        section 202 of this Act.
    (b) Unobligated Balance Flexibility.--Upon request of a 
State, the Secretary shall make available to carry out projects 
eligible for assistance under chapter 1 of title 23, United 
States Code, in fiscal year 1996 an amount not to exceed the 
amount determined under subsection (a) for the State. Such 
funds shall be made available from authorized funds that were 
allocated or apportioned to such State and were not obligated 
as of September 30, 1995. The State shall designate on or 
before the 30th day following the date of the enactment of this 
Act, or as soon as possible thereafter, which of such 
authorized funds are to be made available under this section to 
carry out such projects. The Secretary shall make available, 
before the 45th day following such date of enactment or as soon 
as possible thereafter, funds designated under the preceding 
sentence to the State.
    (c) Special Rules.--
            (1) Urbanized areas of over 200,000.--Funds that 
        were apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(3) 
        of title 23, United States Code, and attributed to 
        urbanized areas of a State with an urbanized population 
        of over 200,000 under section 133(d)(3) of such title 
        may be designated by the State under subsection (b) 
        only if the metropolitan planning organization 
        designated for such area concurs, in writing, with such 
        designation.
            (2) Congestion mitigation and air quality and 
        surface transportation program transportation 
        enhancement activities balances.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), States may not designate 
                under subsection (b) CMAQ and STP 
                transportation enhancement funds.
                    (B) Exception for insufficient funding 
                availability.--If the Secretary determines--
                            (i) that there is not sufficient 
                        funding available to pay the Federal 
                        share of the cost of a project in 
                        fiscal year 1996 from funds apportioned 
                        or allocated to a State under title 23, 
                        United States Code, and title I of the 
                        Intermodal Surface Transportation 
                        Efficiency Act of 1991 and available 
                        for carrying out projects of the same 
                        category as such project, and
                            (ii) that the State has utilized 
                        all flexibility and transferability 
                        available to it under title 23, United 
                        States Code, and this section with 
                        respect to such project,
                the State may designate in fiscal year 1996 
                under subsection (b) CMAQ and STP 
                transportation enhancement funds apportioned or 
                allocated to the State and not obligated as of 
                the date of the enactment of this Act to carry 
                out such project.
                    (C) CMAQ and stp transportation enhancement 
                funds defined.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``CMAQ and STP transportation enhancement 
                funds'' means--
                            (i) funds apportioned under section 
                        104(b)(2) of title 23, United States 
                        Code; and
                            (ii) funds apportioned under 
                        section 104(b)(3) of such title and 
                        available only for transportation 
                        enhancement activities under section 
                        133(d)(3) of such title.
            (3) Interstate construction balances.--A State may 
        not designate under subsection (b) more than \1/3\ of 
        funds apportioned or allocated to the State for 
        Interstate construction and not obligated as of the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Applicability of Chapter 1 of Title 23.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts designated 
under subsection (b) shall be made available for obligation in 
the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 
1 of title 23, United States Code. Such amounts shall be 
available for obligation for the same period for which such 
amounts were originally made available for obligation. 
Obligation limitations for Federal-aid highways and highway 
safety construction programs established by the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and subsequent 
laws shall apply to obligations made under this section.
    (e) Limitation on Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to affect calculations under section 
157 of title 23, United States Code, and sections 1002(e), 
1013(c), 1015(a), and 1015(b) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
    (f) State.--In this section and section 202, the term 
``State'' has the meaning such term has under section 401 of 
title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 205. RELIEF FROM MANDATES.

    (a) Suspension of Management Systems.--Section 303 of title 
23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) State Election.--A State may elect, at any time, not 
to implement, in whole or in part, 1 or more of the management 
systems required under this section. The Secretary may not 
impose any sanction on, or withhold any benefit from, a State 
on the basis of such an election.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``(f) Annual Report.--Not'' 
                and inserting the following:
    ``(f) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual reports.--Not'';
                    (B) by moving the remainder of the text of 
                paragraph (1), as designated by subparagraph 
                (A) of this paragraph, 2 ems to the right; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Report on implementation.--Not later than 
        October 1, 1996, the Comptroller General, in 
        consultation with States, shall transmit to Congress a 
        report on the management systems under this section, 
        including recommendations as to whether, to what 
        extent, and how the management systems should be 
        implemented.''.
    (b) Asphalt Pavement Containing Recycled Rubber.--Section 
1038 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
1991 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; 105 Stat. 1987-1990) is amended by 
striking subsection (d).
    (c) Metric Requirements.--
            (1) Placement and modification of signs.--The 
        Secretary shall not require the States to expend any 
        Federal or State funds to construct, erect, or 
        otherwise place or to modify any sign relating to a 
        speed limit, distance, or other measurement on a 
        highway for the purpose of having such sign establish 
        such speed limit, distance, or other measurement using 
        the metric system.
            (2) Other actions.--Before September 30, 2000, the 
        Secretary shall not require that any State use or plan 
        to use the metric system with respect to designing or 
        advertising, or preparing plans, specifications, 
        estimates, or other documents, for a Federal-aid 
        highway project eligible for assistance under title 23, 
        United States Code.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Highway.--The term ``highway'' has the 
                meaning such term has under section 101 of 
                title 23, United States Code.
                    (B) Metric system.--The term ``metric 
                system'' has the meaning the term ``metric 
                system of measurement'' has under section 4 of 
                the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 (15 U.S.C. 
                205c).
    (d) Repeal of National Maximum Speed Limit Compliance 
Program.--
            (1) In general.--Title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 141 by striking subsection 
                (a) and redesignating subsections (b) through 
                (d) as subsections (a) through (c), 
                respectively; and
                    (B) by striking section 154.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The analysis to chapter 
        1 of such title is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 154.
            (3) Applicability.--The amendments made by 
        paragraph (1) shall be applicable to a State on the 
        10th day following the date of the enactment of this 
        Act; except that if the legislature of a State is not 
        in session on such date of enactment and the chief 
        executive officer of the State declares, before such 
        10th day, that the legislature is not in session and 
        that the State prefers an applicability date for such 
        amendments that is after the date on which the 
        legislature will convene, such amendments shall be 
        applicable to the State on the 60th day following the 
        date on which the legislature next convenes.
    (e) Elimination of Penalty for Noncompliance for Motorcycle 
Helmets.--Effective September 30, 1995, section 153(h) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended by striking ``a law 
described in subsection (a)(1) and'' each place it appears.

SEC. 206. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Authorized funds.--The term ``authorized 
        funds'' means funds authorized to be appropriated out 
        of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
        Account) to carry out title 23, United States Code 
        (other than sections 402 and 410) and the Intermodal 
        Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and 
        subject to an obligation limitation.
            (2) Urbanized area.--The term ``urbanized area'' 
        has the meaning such term has under section 101(a) of 
        title 23, United States Code.

              TITLE III--MISCELLANEOUS HIGHWAY PROVISIONS

SEC. 301. TRAFFIC MONITORING, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL ON NHS.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 103(i) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(8) Capital and operating costs for traffic 
        monitoring, management, and control facilities and 
        programs.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 101(a) of such title is amended--
            (1) in the undesignated paragraph relating to the 
        term ``project'' by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``or any other undertaking eligible 
        for assistance under this title''; and
            (2) by striking the undesignated paragraph relating 
        to the term ``startup costs for traffic management and 
        control'' and inserting the following:
    ``The term `operating costs for traffic monitoring, 
management, and control' includes labor costs, administrative 
costs, costs of utilities and rent, and other costs associated 
with the continuous operation of traffic control, such as 
integrated traffic control systems, incident management 
programs, and traffic control centers.''.

SEC. 302. TRANSFERABILITY OF APPORTIONMENTS.

    The third sentence of section 104(g) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``40 percent'' and 
inserting ``50 percent''.

SEC. 303. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Life-Cycle Cost Analysis.--Section 106 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(e) Life-Cycle Cost Analysis.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
        a program to require States to conduct an analysis of 
        the life-cycle costs of each usable project segment on 
        the National Highway System with a cost of $25,000,000 
        or more.
            ``(2) Analysis of the life-cycle costs defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term `analysis of the life-cycle 
        costs' means a process for evaluating the total 
        economic worth of a usable project segment by analyzing 
        initial costs and discounted future costs, such as 
        maintenance, reconstruction, rehabilitation, restoring, 
        and resurfacing costs, over the life of the project 
        segment.''.
    (b) Value Engineering.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Value Engineering for NHS.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        program to require States to carry out a value 
        engineering analysis for all projects on the National 
        Highway System with an estimated total cost of 
        $25,000,000 or more.
            ``(2) Value engineering defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `value engineering analysis' means 
        a systematic process of review and analysis of a 
        project during its design phase by a multidisciplined 
        team of persons not involved in the project in order to 
        provide suggestions for reducing the total cost of the 
        project and providing a project of equal or better 
        quality. Such suggestions may include combining or 
        eliminating otherwise inefficient or expensive parts of 
        the original proposed design for the project and total 
        redesign of the proposed project using different 
        technologies, materials, or methods so as to accomplish 
        the original purpose of the project.''.

SEC. 304. DESIGN CRITERIA FOR THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
plans and specifications for each proposed highway project 
under this chapter provide for a facility that will--
            ``(1) adequately serve the existing and planned 
        future traffic of the highway in a manner that is 
        conducive to safety, durability, and economy of 
        maintenance; and
            ``(2) be designed and constructed in accordance 
        with criteria best suited to accomplish the objectives 
        described in paragraph (1) and to conform to the 
        particular needs of each locality.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) Design Criteria for National Highway System.--
            ``(1) In general.--A design for new construction, 
        reconstruction, resurfacing (except for maintenance 
        resurfacing), restoration, or rehabilitation of a 
        highway on the National Highway System (other than a 
        highway also on the Interstate System) may take into 
        account, in addition to the criteria described in 
        subsection (a)--
                    ``(A) the constructed and natural 
                environment of the area;
                    ``(B) the environmental, scenic, aesthetic, 
                historic, community, and preservation impacts 
                of the activity; and
                    ``(C) access for other modes of 
                transportation.
            ``(2) Development of criteria.--The Secretary, in 
        cooperation with State highway departments, may develop 
        criteria to implement paragraph (1). In developing 
        criteria under this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
        consider the results of the committee process of the 
        American Association of State Highway and 
        Transportation Officials as used in adopting and 
        publishing `A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways 
        and Streets', including comments submitted by 
        interested parties as part of such process.''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (q) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(q) Scenic and Historic Values.--Notwithstanding 
subsections (b) and (c), the Secretary may approve a project 
for the National Highway System if the project is designed to--
            ``(1) allow for the preservation of environmental, 
        scenic, or historic values;
            ``(2) ensure safe use of the facility; and
            ``(3) comply with subsection (a).''.

SEC. 305. APPLICABILITY OF TRANSPORTATION CONFORMITY REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Highway Construction.--Section 109(j) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``plan for the 
implementation of any ambient air quality standard for any air 
quality control region designated pursuant to the Clean Air 
Act, as amended.'' and inserting the following: ``plan for--
            ``(1) the implementation of a national ambient air 
        quality standard for each pollutant for which an area 
        is designated as a nonattainment area under section 
        107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7407(d)); or
            ``(2) the maintenance of a national ambient air 
        quality standard in an area that was designated as a 
        nonattainment area but that was later redesignated by 
        the Administrator as an attainment area for the 
        standard and that is required to develop a maintenance 
        plan under section 175A of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
        7505a).''.
    (b) Clean Air Act Requirements.--Section 176(c) of the 
Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7506(c)) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(5) Applicability.--This subsection shall apply 
        only with respect to--
                    ``(A) a nonattainment area and each 
                pollutant for which the area is designated as a 
                nonattainment area; and
                    ``(B) an area that was designated as a 
                nonattainment area but that was later 
                redesignated by the Administrator as an 
                attainment area and that is required to develop 
                a maintenance plan under section 175A with 
                respect to the specific pollutant for which the 
                area was designated nonattainment.''.

SEC. 306. MOTORIST CALL BOXES.

    Section 111 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Motorist Call Boxes.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), 
        a State may permit the placement of motorist call boxes 
        on rights-of-way of the National Highway System. Such 
        motorist call boxes may include the identification and 
        sponsorship logos of such call boxes.
            ``(2) Sponsorship logos.--
                    ``(A) Approval by state and local 
                agencies.--All call box installations 
                displaying sponsorship logos under this 
                subsection shall be approved by the highway 
                agencies having jurisdiction of the highway on 
                which they are located.
                    ``(B) Size on box.--A sponsorship logo may 
                be placed on the call box in a dimension not to 
                exceed the size of the call box or a total 
                dimension in excess of 12 inches by 18 inches.
                    ``(C) Size on identification sign.--
                Sponsorship logos in a dimension not to exceed 
                12 inches by 30 inches may be displayed on a 
                call box identification sign affixed to the 
                call box post.
                    ``(D) Spacing of signs.--Sponsorship logos 
                affixed to an identification sign on a call box 
                post may be located on the rights-of-way at 
                intervals not more frequently than 1 per every 
                5 miles.
                    ``(E) Distribution throughout state.--
                Within a State, at least 20 percent of the call 
                boxes displaying sponsorship logos shall be 
                located on highways outside of urbanized areas 
                with a population greater than 50,000.
            ``(3) Nonsafety hazards.--The call boxes and their 
        location, posts, foundations, and mountings shall be 
        consistent with requirements of the Manual on Uniform 
        Traffic Control Devices or any requirements deemed 
        necessary by the Secretary to assure that the call 
        boxes shall not be a safety hazard to motorists.''.

SEC. 307. QUALITY THROUGH COMPETITION.

    (a) Contracting for Engineering and Design Services.--
Section 112(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Performance and audits.--Any contract 
                or subcontract awarded in accordance with 
                subparagraph (A), whether funded in whole or in 
                part with Federal-aid highway funds, shall be 
                performed and audited in compliance with cost 
                principles contained in the Federal Acquisition 
                Regulations of part 31 of title 48, Code of 
                Federal Regulations.
                    ``(D) Indirect cost rates.--Instead of 
                performing its own audits, a recipient of funds 
                under a contract or subcontract awarded in 
                accordance with subparagraph (A) shall accept 
                indirect cost rates established in accordance 
                with the Federal Acquisition Regulations for 1-
                year applicable accounting periods by a 
                cognizant Federal or State government agency, 
                if such rates are not currently under dispute.
                    ``(E) Application of rates.--Once a firm's 
                indirect cost rates are accepted under this 
                paragraph, the recipient of the funds shall 
                apply such rates for the purposes of contract 
                estimation, negotiation, administration, 
                reporting, and contract payment and shall not 
                be limited by administrative or de facto 
                ceilings of any kind.
                    ``(F) Prenotification; confidentiality of 
                data.--A recipient of funds requesting or using 
                the cost and rate data described in 
                subparagraph (E) shall notify any affected firm 
                before such request or use. Such data shall be 
                confidential and shall not be accessible or 
                provided, in whole or in part, to another firm 
                or to any government agency which is not part 
                of the group of agencies sharing cost data 
                under this paragraph, except by written 
                permission of the audited firm. If prohibited 
                by law, such cost and rate data shall not be 
                disclosed under any circumstances.
                    ``(G) State option.--Subparagraphs (C), 
                (D), (E), and (F) shall take effect 1 year 
                after the date of the enactment of this 
                subparagraph; except that if a State, during 
                such 1-year period, adopts by statute an 
                alternative process intended to promote 
                engineering and design quality and ensure 
                maximum competition by professional companies 
                of all sizes providing engineering and design 
                services, such subparagraphs shall not apply 
                with respect to the State. If the Secretary 
                determines that the legislature of the State 
                did not convene and adjourn a full regular 
                session during such 1-year period, the 
                Secretary may extend such 1-year period until 
                the adjournment of the next regular session of 
                the legislature.''.
    (b) Repeal of Pilot Program.--Section 1092 of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 
U.S.C. 112 note; 105 Stat. 2024) is repealed.

SEC. 308. LIMITATION ON ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION.

    Section 115(d) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(d) Inclusion in Transportation Improvement Program.--The 
Secretary may approve an application for a project under this 
section only if the project is included in the transportation 
improvement program of the State developed under section 
135(f).''.

SEC. 309. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE.

    Section 116 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Preventive Maintenance.--A preventive maintenance 
activity shall be eligible for Federal assistance under this 
title if the State demonstrates to the satisfaction of the 
Secretary that the activity is a cost-effective means of 
extending the useful life of a Federal-aid highway.''.

SEC. 310. FEDERAL SHARE.

    (a) Safety Rest Areas.--Section 120(c) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``safety rest areas,'' after 
        ``signalization,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``In this 
        subsection, the term `safety rest area' means an area 
        where motor vehicle operators can park their vehicles 
        and rest, where food, fuel, and lodging services are 
        not available, and that is located on a segment of 
        highway with respect to which the Secretary determines 
        there is a shortage of public and private areas at 
        which motor vehicle operators can park their vehicles 
        and rest.''.
    (b) Bicycle Transportation Facilities and Pedestrian 
Walkways.--Section 217(f) of such title is amended by striking 
``80 percent'' and inserting ``determined in accordance with 
section 120(b)''.
    (c) Economic Growth Center Development Highways.--Section 
1021(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 120 note), as amended by section 417 of the 
Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1993 (106 Stat. 1565), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (2) 
        and inserting ``or''; and
            (2) in clause (3) by striking ``section 143 of 
        title 23'' and inserting ``a project for construction, 
        reconstruction, or improvement of a development highway 
        under section 143 of such title on a Federal-aid system 
        (other than the Interstate System), as such system was 
        described in section 103 of such title on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this Act''.
    (d) Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport Connector.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal share 
of the cost of the project to construct a highway to the 
Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport from United States Route 71 
in Arkansas shall be 95 percent.

SEC. 311. ELIGIBILITY OF BOND AND OTHER DEBT INSTRUMENT FINANCING FOR 
                    REIMBURSEMENT AS CONSTRUCTION EXPENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 122 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 122. Payments to States for bond and other debt instrument 
                    financing

    ``(a) Definition of Eligible Debt Financing Instrument.--In 
this section, the term `eligible debt financing instrument' 
means a bond or other debt financing instrument, including a 
note, certificate, mortgage, or lease agreement, issued by a 
State or political subdivision of a State or a public 
authority, the proceeds of which are used for an eligible 
project under this title.
    ``(b) Federal Reimbursement.--Subject to subsections (c) 
and (d), the Secretary may reimburse a State for expenses and 
costs incurred by the State or a political subdivision of the 
State and reimburse a public authority for expenses and costs 
incurred by the public authority for--
            ``(1) interest payments under an eligible debt 
        financing instrument;
            ``(2) the retirement of principal of an eligible 
        debt financing instrument;
            ``(3) the cost of the issuance of an eligible debt 
        financing instrument;
            ``(4) the cost of insurance for an eligible debt 
        financing instrument; and
            ``(5) any other cost incidental to the sale of an 
        eligible debt financing instrument (as determined by 
        the Secretary).
    ``(c) Conditions on Payment.--The Secretary may reimburse a 
State or public authority under subsection (b) with respect to 
a project funded by an eligible debt financing instrument after 
the State or public authority has complied with this title with 
respect to the project to the extent and in the manner that 
would be required if payment were to be made under section 121.
    ``(d) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
project payable under this section shall not exceed the Federal 
share of the cost of the project as determined under section 
120.
    ``(e) Statutory Construction.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the eligibility of an eligible debt financing 
instrument for reimbursement under subsection (b) shall not--
            ``(1) constitute a commitment, guarantee, or 
        obligation on the part of the United States to provide 
        for payment of principal or interest on the eligible 
        debt financing instrument; or
            ``(2) create any right of a third party against the 
        United States for payment under the eligible debt 
        financing instrument.''.
    (b) Definition of Construction.--The first sentence of the 
undesignated paragraph relating to the term ``construction'' of 
section 101(a) of such title is amended by inserting ``bond 
costs and other costs relating to the issuance in accordance 
with section 122 of bonds or other debt financing 
instruments,'' after ``highway, including''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of 
such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 
122 and inserting the following:

``122. Payments to States for bond and other debt instrument 
          financing.''.

SEC. 312. VEHICLE WEIGHT AND LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLES EXEMPTIONS.

    (a) Sioux City, Iowa.--
            (1) Vehicle weight limitations.--The proviso in the 
        second sentence of section 127(a) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``except for 
        those'' and inserting the following: ``except for 
        vehicles using Interstate Route 29 between Sioux City, 
        Iowa, and the border between Iowa and South Dakota or 
        vehicles using Interstate Route 129 between Sioux City, 
        Iowa, and the border between Iowa and Nebraska, and 
        except for those''.
            (2) Longer combination vehicles.--Section 127(d)(1) 
        of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(F) Iowa.--In addition to vehicles that 
                the State of Iowa may continue to allow to be 
                operated under subparagraph (A), the State may 
                allow longer combination vehicles that were not 
                in actual operation on June 1, 1991, to be 
                operated on Interstate Route 29 between Sioux 
                City, Iowa, and the border between Iowa and 
                South Dakota or Interstate Route 129 between 
                Sioux City, Iowa, and the border between Iowa 
                and Nebraska.''.
            (3) Property-carrying unit limitation.--Section 
        31112(c) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``and Alaska'' and inserting ``Alaska, and 
                Iowa'';
                    (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                paragraph (2);
                    (C) by striking the period at the end of 
                paragraph (3) and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Iowa may allow the operation on Interstate 
        Route 29 between Sioux City, Iowa, and the border 
        between Iowa and South Dakota or on Interstate Route 
        129 between Sioux City, Iowa, and the border between 
        Iowa and Nebraska of commercial motor vehicle 
        combinations with trailer length, semitrailer length, 
        and property-carrying unit length allowed by law or 
        regulation and in actual lawful operation on a regular 
        or periodic basis (including continued seasonal 
        operation) in South Dakota or Nebraska, respectively, 
        before June 2, 1991.''.
    (b) Applicability of Certain Vehicle Weight Limitations in 
Wisconsin.--Section 127 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(f) Operation of Certain Specialized Hauling Vehicles on 
Certain Wisconsin Highways.--If the 104-mile portion of 
Wisconsin State Route 78 and United States Route 51 between 
Interstate Route 94 near Portage, Wisconsin, and Wisconsin 
State Route 29 south of Wausau, Wisconsin, is designated as 
part of the Interstate System under section 139(a), the single 
axle weight, tandem axle weight, gross vehicle weight, and 
bridge formula limits set forth in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to the 104-mile portion with respect to the operation of 
any vehicle that could legally operate on the 104-mile portion 
before the date of the enactment of this subsection.''.

SEC. 313. TOLL ROADS.

    (a) Federal Share for Highways, Bridges, and Tunnels.--
Section 129(a)(5) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
to read as follows:
            ``(5) Limitation on federal share.--The Federal 
        share payable for a project described in paragraph (1) 
        shall be a percentage determined by the State but not 
        to exceed 80 percent.''.
    (b) Loan Program.--Section 129(a)(7) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(7) Loans.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State may loan to a 
                public or private entity constructing or 
                proposing to construct under this section a 
                toll facility or non-toll facility with a 
                dedicated revenue source an amount equal to all 
                or part of the Federal share of the cost of the 
                project if the project has a revenue source 
                specifically dedicated to it. Dedicated revenue 
                sources for non-toll facilities include excise 
                taxes, sales taxes, motor vehicle use fees, tax 
                on real property, tax increment financing, and 
                such other dedicated revenue sources as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate.
                    ``(B) Compliance with federal laws.--As a 
                condition of receiving a loan under this 
                paragraph, the public or private entity that 
                receives the loan shall ensure that the project 
                will be carried out in accordance with this 
                title and any other applicable Federal law, 
                including any applicable provision of a Federal 
                environmental law.
                    ``(C) Subordination of debt.--The amount of 
                any loan received for a project under this 
                paragraph may be subordinated to any other debt 
                financing for the project.
                    ``(D) Obligation of funds loaned.--Funds 
                loaned under this paragraph may only be 
                obligated for projects under this paragraph.
                    ``(E) Repayment.--The repayment of a loan 
                made under this paragraph shall commence not 
                later than 5 years after date on which the 
                facility that is the subject of the loan is 
                open to traffic.
                    ``(F) Term of loan.--The term of a loan 
                made under this paragraph shall not exceed 30 
                years from the date on which the loan funds are 
                obligated.
                    ``(G) Interest.--A loan made under this 
                paragraph shall bear interest at or below 
                market interest rates, as determined by the 
                State, to make the project that is the subject 
                of the loan feasible.
                    ``(H) Reuse of funds.--Amounts repaid to a 
                State from a loan made under this paragraph may 
                be obligated--
                            ``(i) for any purpose for which the 
                        loan funds were available under this 
                        title; and
                            ``(ii) for the purchase of 
                        insurance or for use as a capital 
                        reserve for other forms of credit 
                        enhancement for project debt in order 
                        to improve credit market access or to 
                        lower interest rates for projects 
                        eligible for assistance under this 
                        title.
                    ``(I) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall 
                establish procedures and guidelines for making 
                loans under this paragraph.''.
    (c) Ferry Boats and Terminal Facilities.--Section 129(c)(5) 
of such title is amended--
            (1) by inserting before the period at the end of 
        the first sentence the following: ``or between a point 
        in a State and a point in the Dominion of Canada''; and
            (2) in the second sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``Hawaii and'' and 
                inserting ``Hawaii,''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``Puerto Rico'' the 
                following: ``, operations between a point in a 
                State and a point in the Dominion of Canada,''.
    (d) Treatment of Centennial Bridge, Rock Island, Illinois, 
Agreement.--For purposes of section 129(a)(6) of title 23, 
United States Code, the agreement concerning the Centennial 
Bridge, Rock Island, Illinois, entered into under the Act 
entitled ``An Act authorizing the city of Rock Island, 
Illinois, or its assigns, to construct, maintain, and operate a 
toll bridge across the Mississippi River at or near Rock 
Island, Illinois, and to a place at or near the city of 
Davenport, Iowa'', approved March 18, 1938 (52 Stat. 110), 
shall be treated as if the agreement had been entered into 
under section 129 of title 23, United States Code, as in effect 
on December 17, 1991, and may be modified in accordance with 
section 129(a)(6) of such title.
    (e) Collection of Tolls To Finance Certain Environmental 
Projects in Florida.--Notwithstanding section 129(a) of title 
23, United States Code, on request of the Governor of the State 
of Florida, the Secretary shall modify the agreement entered 
into with the transportation department of the State under 
section 129(a)(3) of such title to permit the collection of 
tolls to liquidate such indebtedness as may be incurred to 
finance any cost associated with a feature of an environmental 
project that is carried out under State law and approved by the 
Secretary of the Interior.

SEC. 314. SCENIC BYWAYS.

    Section 131(s) of title 23, United Sates Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following: ``In designating a scenic 
byway for purposes of this section and section 1047 of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, a 
State may exclude from such designation any segment of a 
highway that is inconsistent with the State's criteria for 
designating State scenic byways. Nothing in the preceding 
sentence shall preclude a State from signing any such excluded 
segment, including such segment on a map, or carrying out 
similar activities, solely for purposes of system 
continuity.''.

SEC. 315. APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS TO THIRD PARTY SELLERS.

    Section 133(d) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Applicability of certain requirements to 
        third party sellers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), in the case of a 
                transportation enhancement activity funded from 
                the allocation required under paragraph (2), if 
                real property or an interest in real property 
                is to be acquired from a qualified organization 
                exclusively for conservation purposes (as 
                determined under section 170(h) of the Internal 
                Revenue Code of 1986), the organization shall 
                be considered to be the owner of the property 
                for the purpose of the Uniform Relocation 
                Assistance and Real Property Acquisition 
                Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.).
                    ``(B) Federal approval prior to involvement 
                of qualified organization.--If Federal approval 
                of the acquisition of the real property or 
                interest predates the involvement of a 
                qualified organization described in 
                subparagraph (A) in the acquisition of the 
                property, the organization shall be considered 
                to be an acquiring agency or person as 
                described in section 24.101(a)(2) of title 49, 
                Code of Federal Regulations, for the purpose of 
                the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real 
                Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970.
                    ``(C) Acquisitions on behalf of recipients 
                of federal funds.--If a qualified organization 
                described in subparagraph (A) has contracted 
                with a State highway department or other 
                recipient of Federal funds to acquire the real 
                property or interest on behalf of the 
                recipient, the organization shall be considered 
                to be an agent of the recipient for the purpose 
                of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real 
                Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970.''.

SEC. 316. STREAMLINING FOR TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT PROJECTS.

    Section 133(e) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``(3) Payments.--The'' and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(3) Payments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the'';
                    (B) by moving the remainder of the text of 
                subparagraph (A), as designated by subparagraph 
                (A) of this paragraph, 2 ems to the right; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Advance payment option for 
                transportation enhancement activities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        may advance funds to the State for 
                        transportation enhancement activities 
                        funded from the allocation required by 
                        subsection (d)(2) for a fiscal year if 
                        the Secretary certifies for the fiscal 
                        year that the State has authorized and 
                        uses a process for the selection of 
                        transportation enhancement projects 
                        that involves representatives of 
                        affected public entities, and private 
                        citizens, with expertise related to 
                        transportation enhancement activities.
                            ``(ii) Limitation on amounts.--
                        Amounts advanced under this 
                        subparagraph shall be limited to such 
                        amounts as are necessary to make prompt 
                        payments for project costs.
                            ``(iii) Effect on other 
                        requirements.--This subparagraph shall 
                        not exempt a State from other 
                        requirements of this title relating to 
                        the surface transportation program.''; 
                        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Transportation enhancement activities.--
                    ``(A) Categorical exclusions.--To the 
                extent appropriate, the Secretary shall develop 
                categorical exclusions from the requirement 
                that an environmental assessment or an 
                environmental impact statement under section 
                102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332) be prepared for 
                transportation enhancement activities funded 
                from the allocation required by subsection 
                (d)(2).
                    ``(B) Nationwide programmatic agreement.--
                The Secretary, in consultation with the 
                National Conference of State Historic 
                Preservation Officers and the Advisory Council 
                on Historic Preservation established under 
                title II of the National Historic Preservation 
                Act (16 U.S.C. 470i et seq.), shall develop a 
                nationwide programmatic agreement governing the 
                review of transportation enhancement activities 
                funded from the allocation required by 
                subsection (d)(2), in accordance with--
                            ``(i) section 106 of such Act (16 
                        U.S.C. 470f); and
                            ``(ii) the regulations of the 
                        Advisory Council on Historic 
                        Preservation.''.

SEC. 317. METROPOLITAN PLANNING FOR HIGHWAY PROJECTS.

    Section 134(f) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
            ``(16) Recreational travel and tourism.''.

SEC. 318. NON-FEDERAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN TOLL BRIDGE PROJECTS.

    Section 144(l) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following: ``Any non-Federal funds 
expended for the seismic retrofit of the bridge may be credited 
toward the non-Federal share required as a condition of receipt 
of any Federal funds for seismic retrofit of the bridge made 
available after the date of the expenditure.''.

SEC. 319. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Areas Eligible for Funds.--
            (1) In general.--The first sentence of section 
        149(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``if the project or 
                program is for an area in the State that was 
                designated as a nonattainment area under 
                section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
                7407(d)) during any part of fiscal year 1994 
                and'' after ``program'' the second place it 
                appears; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking 
                ``contribute'' and all that follows through ``; 
                or'' and inserting the following: ``contribute 
                to--
                            ``(i) the attainment of a national 
                        ambient air quality standard; or
                            ``(ii) the maintenance of a 
                        national ambient air quality standard 
                        in an area that was designated as a 
                        nonattainment area but that was later 
                        redesignated by the Administrator of 
                        the Environmental Protection Agency as 
                        an attainment area under section 107(d) 
                        of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        7407(d)); or''.
            (2) Apportionment.--Section 104(b)(2) of such title 
        is amended--
                    (A) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``is a nonattainment area (as defined in the 
                Clean Air Act) for ozone'' and inserting ``was 
                a nonattainment area (as defined in section 
                171(2) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
                7501(2))) for ozone during any part of fiscal 
                year 1994''; and
                    (B) in the third sentence--
                            (i) by striking ``is also'' and 
                        inserting ``was also''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``during any part 
                        of fiscal year 1994'' after 
                        ``monoxide''.
    (b) Traffic Monitoring, Management, and Control Facilities 
and Programs.--The first sentence of section 149(b) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (2);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph 
        (3) and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) to establish or operate a traffic monitoring, 
        management, and control facility or program if the 
        Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator of 
        the Environmental Protection Agency, determines that 
        the facility or program is likely to contribute to the 
        attainment of a national ambient air quality standard; 
        or''.
    (c) Effect of Limitation on Apportionment.--Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, for each of fiscal years 1996 and 
1997, the amendments made by subsection (a) shall not affect 
any apportionment adjustments under section 1015 of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
Stat. 1943).

SEC. 320. OPERATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES BY INTOXICATED MINORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 161. Operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors

    ``(a) Withholding of Apportionments for Noncompliance.--
            ``(1) Fiscal year 1999.--The Secretary shall 
        withhold 5 percent of the amount required to be 
        apportioned to any State under each of paragraphs (1), 
        (3), and (5)(B) of section 104(b) on October 1, 1998, 
        if the State does not meet the requirement of paragraph 
        (3) on that date.
            ``(2) Thereafter.--The Secretary shall withhold 10 
        percent (including any amounts withheld under paragraph 
        (1)) of the amount required to be apportioned to any 
        State under each of paragraphs (1), (3), and (5)(B) of 
        section 104(b) on October 1, 1999, and on October 1 of 
        each fiscal year thereafter, if the State does not meet 
        the requirement of paragraph (3) on that date.
            ``(3) Requirement.--A State meets the requirement 
        of this paragraph if the State has enacted and is 
        enforcing a law that considers an individual under the 
        age of 21 who has a blood alcohol concentration of 0.02 
        percent or greater while operating a motor vehicle in 
        the State to be driving while intoxicated or driving 
        under the influence of alcohol.
    ``(b) Period of Availability; Effect of Compliance and 
Noncompliance.--
            ``(1) Period of availability of withheld funds.--
                    ``(A) Funds withheld on or before september 
                30, 2000.--Any funds withheld under subsection 
                (a) from apportionment to any State on or 
                before September 30, 2000, shall remain 
                available until the end of the third fiscal -
                year following the fiscal year for which the 
                funds are authorized to be appropriated.
                    ``(B) Funds withheld after september 30, 
                2000.--No funds withheld under this section 
                from apportionment to any State after September 
                30, 2000, shall be available for apportionment 
                to the State.
            ``(2) Apportionment of withheld funds after 
        compliance.--If, before the last day of the period for 
        which funds withheld under subsection (a) from 
        apportionment are to remain available for apportionment 
        to a State under paragraph (1), the State meets the 
        requirement of subsection (a)(3), the Secretary shall, 
        on the first day on which the State meets the 
        requirement, apportion to the State the funds withheld 
        under subsection (a) that remain available for 
        apportionment to the State.
            ``(3) Period of availability of subsequently 
        apportioned funds.--Any funds apportioned pursuant to 
        paragraph (2) shall remain available for expenditure 
        until the end of the third fiscal year following the 
        fiscal year in which the funds are so apportioned. Sums 
        not obligated at the end of that period shall lapse.
            ``(4) Effect of noncompliance.--If, at the end of 
        the period for which funds withheld under subsection 
        (a) from apportionment are available for apportionment 
        to a State under paragraph (1), the State does not meet 
        the requirement of subsection (a)(3), the funds shall 
        lapse.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``161. Operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors.''.

SEC. 321. UTILIZATION OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR FOR SURVEYING AND MAPPING 
                    SERVICES.

    Section 306 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) In General.--'' before 
        ``In''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to 
encourage States to utilize, to the maximum extent practicable, 
private sector sources for surveying and mapping services for 
projects under this title. In carrying out this subsection, the 
Secretary shall recommend appropriate roles for State and 
private mapping and surveying activities, including--
            ``(1) preparation of standards and specifications;
            ``(2) research in surveying and mapping 
        instrumentation and procedures and technology transfer 
        to the private sector;
            ``(3) providing technical guidance, coordination, 
        and administration of State surveying and mapping 
        activities; and
            ``(4) recommending methods for increasing the use 
        by the States of private sector sources for surveying 
        and mapping activities.''.

SEC. 322. DONATIONS OF FUNDS, MATERIALS, OR SERVICES FOR FEDERALLY 
                    ASSISTED PROJECTS.

    Section 323 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
        (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
        following:
    ``(c) Credit for Donations of Funds, Materials, or 
Services.--Nothing in this title or any other law shall prevent 
a person from offering to donate funds, materials, or services 
in connection with a project eligible for assistance under this 
title. In the case of such a project with respect to which the 
Federal Government and the State share in paying the cost, any 
donated funds, or the fair market value of any donated 
materials or services, that are accepted and incorporated into 
the project by the State highway department shall be credited 
against the State share.''.

SEC. 323. DISCOVERY AND ADMISSION AS EVIDENCE OF CERTAIN REPORTS AND 
                    SURVEYS.

    Section 409 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or collected'' after ``compiled''.

SEC. 324. ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING COUNTERMEASURES.

    (a) Technical Amendment.--Section 410(d)(1)(E) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``the date of 
enactment of this section'' and inserting ``December 18, 
1991''.
    (b) Basic Grant Eligibility.--Section 410(d) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) A State shall be treated as having met the 
        requirement of this paragraph if--
                    ``(i) the State provides to the Secretary a 
                written certification that the highest court of 
                the State has issued a decision indicating that 
                implementation of subparagraph (A) would 
                constitute a violation of the constitution of 
                the State; and
                    ``(ii) the State demonstrates to the 
                satisfaction of the Secretary that--
                            ``(I) the alcohol fatal crash 
                        involvement rate in the State has 
                        decreased in each of the 3 most recent 
                        calendar years for which statistics for 
                        determining such rate are available; 
                        and
                            ``(II) the alcohol fatal crash 
                        involvement rate in the State has been 
                        lower than the average such rate for 
                        all States in each of such calendar 
                        years.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Any individual under age 21 with a blood 
        alcohol concentration of 0.02 percent or greater when 
        driving a motor vehicle shall be deemed to be driving 
        while intoxicated or driving under the influence of 
        alcohol.''.
    (c) Supplemental Grants.--Section 410(f) of such title is 
amended by striking paragraph (1) and redesignating paragraphs 
(2) through (7) as paragraphs (1) through (6), respectively.

SEC. 325. REFERENCES TO COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) Railway-Highway Crossings Report.--The third sentence 
of section 130(g) of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' 
and inserting ``Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure''.
    (b) Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Report.--
Section 144(i)(1) of such title is amended by striking 
``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting 
``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (c) Hazard Elimination Report.--The third sentence of 
section 152(g) of such title is amended by striking ``Committee 
on Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting ``Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (d) Research Reports.--Subsections (d)(5), (e)(11), and (h) 
of section 307 of such title are each amended by striking 
``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting 
``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (e) Congestion Pricing Pilot Program Report.--Section 
1012(b)(5) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency 
Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 149 note; 105 Stat. 1938) is amended by 
striking ``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and 
inserting ``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (f) Motor Fuel Tax Enforcement Report.--Section 1040(d)(1) 
of such Act (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 105 Stat. 1992) is amended by 
striking ``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and 
inserting ``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.
    (g) Allocation Formula Study.--Section 1098(b) of such Act 
(23 U.S.C. 104 note; 105 Stat. 2025) is amended by striking 
``these committees as they'' and inserting ``the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives as the committees''.
    (h) National Recreational Trails Report.--Section 1303(i) 
of such Act (16 U.S.C. 1262(i)) is amended by striking 
``Committee on Public Works and Transportation'' and inserting 
``Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure''.

SEC. 326. PUBLIC TRANSIT VEHICLES EXEMPTION.

    Section 1023(h)(1) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 127 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2-year'' the first place it 
        appears and all that follows through ``Act,'' and 
        inserting ``period beginning on October 6, 1992, and 
        ending on the date on which Federal-aid highway and 
        transit programs are reauthorized after the date of the 
        enactment of the National Highway System Designation 
        Act of 1995,''; and
            (2) by striking the second sentence.

SEC. 327. USE OF RECYCLED PAVING MATERIAL.

    Section 1038 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; 105 Stat. 1987-
1990), as amended by section 205(b) of this Act, is amended--
            (1) by inserting before subsection (e) the 
        following:
    ``(d) Asphalt Pavement Containing Recycled Rubber.--
            ``(1) Crumb rubber modifier research.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
        National Highway System Designation Act of 1995, the 
        Secretary shall develop testing procedures and conduct 
        research to develop performance grade classifications, 
        in accordance with the strategic highway research 
        program carried out under section 307(d) of title 23, 
        United States Code, for crumb rubber modifier binders. 
        The testing procedures and performance grade 
        classifications should be developed in consultation 
        with representatives of the crumb rubber modifier 
        industry and other interested parties (including the 
        asphalt paving industry) with experience in the 
        development of the procedures and classifications.
            ``(2) Crumb rubber modifier program development.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make 
                grants to States to develop programs to use 
                crumb rubber from scrap tires to modify asphalt 
                pavements.
                    ``(B) Use of grant funds.--Grant funds made 
                available to States under this paragraph shall 
                be used--
                            ``(i) to develop mix designs for 
                        crumb rubber modified asphalt 
                        pavements;
                            ``(ii) for the placement and 
                        evaluation of crumb rubber modified 
                        asphalt pavement field tests; and
                            ``(iii) for the expansion of State 
                        crumb rubber modifier programs in 
                        existence on the date the grant is made 
                        available.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e) by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) the term `asphalt pavement containing 
        recycled rubber' means any mixture of asphalt and crumb 
        rubber derived from whole scrap tires, such that the 
        physical properties of the asphalt are modified through 
        the mixture, for use in pavement maintenance, 
        rehabilitation, or construction applications; and''.

SEC. 328. ROADSIDE BARRIER TECHNOLOGY.

    Section 1058 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; 105 Stat. 2003) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``median'' and inserting 
                ``or temporary crashworthy''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``crashworthy'' after 
                ``innovative''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by inserting 
                ``Crashworthy'' after ``Innovative'';
                    (B) by inserting ``crashworthy'' after 
                ``innovative'';
                    (C) by striking ``median'';
                    (D) by inserting ``or guiderail'' after 
                ``guardrail''; and
                    (E) by inserting before the period at the 
                end the following: ``, and that meets or 
                surpasses the requirements of the National 
                Cooperative Highway Research Program 350 for 
                longitudinal barriers''.

SEC. 329. CORRECTIONS TO MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORIZATIONS.

    (a) Gowanus Expressway Corridor, New York.--Section 
1069(ee) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency 
Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2011) is amended by adding at the end 
the following: ``In carrying out such improvements, the State 
of New York shall consider the economic and social impacts of 
the project on the neighboring community.''.
    (b) New York City, New York.--Section 1069(gg) of such Act 
(105 Stat. 2011) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(gg) Intermodal Facilities, New York.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
        subsection $150,000,000 for fiscal years beginning 
        after September 30, 1995, for--
                    ``(A) design and construction of the 
                Whitehall Street Ferry Terminals in New York, 
                New York;
                    ``(B) completion of construction of the Oak 
                Point Link in the Harlem River in New York, New 
                York;
                    ``(C) engineering, design, and construction 
                activities to permit the James A. Farley Post 
                Office in New York, New York, to be used as an 
                intermodal transportation facility and 
                commercial center; and
                    ``(D) necessary improvements to and 
                redevelopment of Pennsylvania Station and 
                associated service buildings in New York, New 
                York.
        Such sums shall remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Allocation of funds.--Of the amounts made 
        available under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) not to exceed $50,000,000 may be used 
                to carry out paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(B) not to exceed $10,000,000 may be used 
                to carry out paragraph (1)(B).''.

SEC. 330. CORRECTIONS TO HIGH COST BRIDGE PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1103(b) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2027-
2028) is amended--
            (1) in item number 2, relating to Eugene, Oregon--
                    (A) by striking ``Construction'' and 
                inserting ``Design, right-of-way acquisition, 
                and construction''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, including pedestrian, 
                bicycle, and vehicle approach roadways, 
                intersections, signalization, and structural 
                bridge changes, and related structures between 
                East Broadway and Oakway Road'' after 
                ``Bridge'';
            (2) in item 5, relating to Gloucester Point, 
        Virginia, by inserting after ``York River'' the 
        following: ``and for repair, strengthening, and 
        rehabilitation of the existing bridge''; and
            (3) in item 10, relating to Shakopee, Minnesota, by 
        inserting ``project, including the bypass of'' after 
        ``replacement''.

SEC. 331. CORRECTIONS TO CONGESTION RELIEF PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1104(b) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2029-
2031) is amended--
            (1) in item 1, relating to Long Beach, California, 
        by striking ``HOV Lanes on'' and inserting ``downtown 
        Long Beach access ramps into the southern terminus 
        of'';
            (2) in item 10, relating to San Diego, California, 
        by striking ``1 block of Cut and Cover Tunnel on Rt. 
        15'' and inserting ``bridge decking on Route 15'';
            (3) in item 23, relating to Tucson, Arizona, by 
        inserting ``, of which a total of $3,609,620 shall be 
        available for the project authorized by item 74 of the 
        table contained in section 1106(b)'' after ``in Tucson, 
        Arizona'';
            (4) in item 38, relating to New York, New York, by 
        striking ``Construction'' and all that follows through 
        ``Bypass'' and inserting the following: ``Whitehall 
        Street ferry terminals''; and
            (5) in item 43, relating to West Virginia, by 
        striking ``Coal Fields'' and inserting ``Coalfields''.

SEC. 332. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS.

    (a) Identification of High Priority Corridors.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal 
        Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 
        Stat. 2032) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting before the period at the 
                end of paragraph (3) the following: 
                ``commencing on the Atlantic Coast in the 
                Hampton Roads area going westward across 
                Virginia to the vicinity of Lynchburg, 
                Virginia, continuing west to serve Roanoke and 
                then to a West Virginia corridor centered 
                around Beckley to Welch as part of the 
                Coalfields Expressway described in section 
                1069(v), then to Williamson sharing a common 
                corridor with the I-73/74 Corridor (referred to 
                in item 12 of the table contained in subsection 
                (f)), then to a Kentucky Corridor centered on 
                the cities of Pikeville, Jenkins, Hazard, 
                London, Somerset, Columbia, Bowling Green, 
                Hopkinsville, Benton, and Paducah, into 
                Illinois, and into Missouri and exiting western 
                Missouri and moving westward across southern 
                Kansas'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(5)(A) I-73/74 North-South Corridor from 
        Charleston, South Carolina, through Winston-Salem, 
        North Carolina, to Portsmouth, Ohio, to Cincinnati, 
        Ohio, to termini at Detroit, Michigan and Sault Ste. 
        Marie, Michigan. The Sault Ste. Marie terminus shall be 
        reached via a corridor connecting Adrian, Jackson, 
        Lansing, Mount Pleasant, and Grayling, Michigan.
            ``(B)(i) In the Commonwealth of Virginia, the 
        Corridor shall generally follow--
                    ``(I) United States Route 220 from the 
                Virginia-North Carolina border to I-581 south 
                of Roanoke;
                    ``(II) I-581 to I-81 in the vicinity of 
                Roanoke;
                    ``(III) I-81 to the proposed highway to 
                demonstrate intelligent transportation systems 
                authorized by item 29 of the table in section 
                1107(b) in the vicinity of Christiansburg to 
                United States Route 460 in the vicinity of 
                Blacksburg; and
                    ``(IV) United States Route 460 to the West 
                Virginia State line.
            ``(ii) In the States of West Virginia, Kentucky, 
        and Ohio, the Corridor shall generally follow--
                    ``(I) United States Route 460 from the West 
                Virginia State line to United States Route 52 
                at Bluefield, West Virginia; and
                    ``(II) United States Route 52 to United 
                States Route 23 at Portsmouth, Ohio.
            ``(iii) In the States of North Carolina and South 
        Carolina, the Corridor shall generally follow--
                    ``(I) in the case of I-73--
                            ``(aa) United States Route 220 from 
                        the Virginia State line to State Route 
                        68 in the vicinity of Greensboro;
                            ``(bb) State Route 68 to I-40;
                            ``(cc) I-40 to United States Route 
                        220 in Greensboro;
                            ``(dd) United States Route 220 to 
                        United States Route 1 near Rockingham;
                            ``(ee) United States Route 1 to the 
                        South Carolina State line; and
                            ``(ff) South Carolina State line to 
                        Charleston, South Carolina; and
                    ``(II) in the case of I-74--
                            ``(aa) I-77 from Bluefield, West 
                        Virginia, to the junction of I-77 and 
                        the United States Route 52 connector in 
                        Surry County, North Carolina;
                            ``(bb) the I-77/United States Route 
                        52 connector to United States Route 52 
                        south of Mount Airy, North Carolina;
                            ``(cc) United States Route 52 to 
                        United States Route 311 in Winston-
                        Salem, North Carolina;
                            ``(dd) United States Route 311 to 
                        United States Route 220 in the vicinity 
                        of Randleman, North Carolina.
                            ``(ee) United States Route 220 to 
                        United States Route 74 near Rockingham;
                            ``(ff) United States Route 74 to 
                        United States Route 76 near Whiteville;
                            ``(gg) United States Route 74/76 to 
                        the South Carolina State line in 
                        Brunswick County; and
                            ``(hh) South Carolina State line to 
                        Charleston, South Carolina.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (18)--
                            (i) by striking ``and'';
                            (ii) by inserting ``Mississippi, 
                        Arkansas,'' after ``Tennessee,'';
                            (iii) by inserting after ``Texas'' 
                        the following: ``, and to the Lower Rio 
                        Grande Valley at the border between the 
                        United States and Mexico; and
                            (iv) by inserting before the period 
                        at the end the following: ``, and to 
                        include the Corpus Christi Northside 
                        Highway and Rail Corridor from the 
                        existing intersection of United States 
                        Route 77 and Interstate Route 37 to 
                        United States Route 181, including 
                        FM511 from United States Route 77 to 
                        the Port of Brownsville''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(22) The Alameda Transportation Corridor along 
        Alameda Street from the entrance to the ports of Los 
        Angeles and Long Beach to Interstate 10, Los Angeles, 
        California.
            ``(23) The Interstate Route 35 Corridor from 
        Laredo, Texas, through Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, to 
        Wichita, Kansas, to Kansas City, Kansas/Missouri, to 
        Des Moines, Iowa, to Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Duluth, 
        Minnesota.
            ``(24) The Dalton Highway from Deadhorse, Alaska to 
        Fairbanks, Alaska.
            ``(25) State Route 168 (South Battlefield 
        Boulevard), Virginia, from the Great Bridge Bypass to 
        the North Carolina State line.
            ``(26) The CANAMEX Corridor from Nogales, Arizona, 
        through Las Vegas, Nevada, to Salt Lake City, Utah, to 
        Idaho Falls, Idaho, to Montana, to the Canadian Border 
        as follows:
                    ``(A) In the State of Arizona, the CANAMEX 
                Corridor shall generally follow--
                            ``(i) I-19 from Nogales to Tucson;
                            ``(ii) I-10 from Tucson to Phoenix; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) United States Route 93 in 
                        the vicinity of Phoenix to the Nevada 
                        Border.
                    ``(B) In the State of Nevada, the CANAMEX 
                Corridor shall follow--
                            ``(i) United States Route 93 from 
                        the Arizona Border to Las Vegas; and
                            ``(ii) I-15 from Las Vegas to the 
                        Utah Border.
                    ``(C) From the Utah Border through Montana 
                to the Canadian Border, the CANAMEX Corridor 
                shall follow I-15.
            ``(27) The Camino Real Corridor from El Paso, 
        Texas, to Denver, Colorado, as follows:
                    ``(A) In the State of Texas, the Camino 
                Real Corridor shall generally follow--
                            ``(i) arterials from the 
                        international ports of entry to I-10 in 
                        El Paso County; and
                            ``(ii) I-10 from El Paso County to 
                        the New Mexico border.
                    ``(B) In the State of New Mexico, the 
                Camino Real Corridor shall generally follow--
                            ``(i) I-10 from the Texas Border to 
                        Las Cruces; and
                            ``(ii) I-25 from Las Cruces to the 
                        Colorado Border.
                    ``(C) In the State of Colorado, the Camino 
                Real Corridor shall generally follow I-25 from 
                the New Mexico border to Denver continuing to 
                the Wyoming border.
                    ``(D) In the State of Wyoming, the Camino 
                Real Corridor shall generally follow--
                            ``(i) I-25 north to join with I-90 
                        at Buffalo; and
                            ``(ii) I-90 to the Montana border.
                    ``(E) In the State of Montana, the Camino 
                Real Corridor shall generally follow--
                            ``(i) I-90 to Billings; and
                            ``(ii) Montana Route 3, United 
                        States Route 12, United States Route 
                        191, United States Route 87, to I-15 at 
                        Great Falls; and
                            ``(iii) I-15 from Great Falls to 
                        the Canadian border.
            ``(28) The Birmingham Northern Beltline beginning 
        at I-59 in the vicinity of Trussville, Alabama, and 
        traversing westwardly intersecting with United States 
        Route 75, United States Route 79, and United States 
        Route 31; continuing southwestwardly intersecting 
        United States Route 78 and terminating at I-59 with the 
        I-459 interchange.
            ``(29) The Coalfields Expressway beginning at 
        Beckley, West Virginia, to Pound, Virginia, generally 
        following the corridor defined as State Routes 54, 97, 
        10, 16, and 83.''.
            (2) Inclusion of certain route segments on 
        interstate system.--Section 1105(e) of such Act (105 
        Stat. 2033) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(5) Inclusion of certain route segments on 
        interstate system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The portions of the 
                routes referred to in clauses (i), (ii), and 
                (iii) of subsection (c)(5)(B), in subsection 
                (c)(9), and in subsections (c)(18) and (c)(20) 
                that are not a part of the Interstate System 
                are designated as future parts of the 
                Interstate System. Any segment of such routes 
                shall become a part of the Interstate System at 
                such time as the Secretary determines that the 
                segment--
                            ``(i) meets the Interstate System 
                        design standards approved by the 
                        Secretary under section 109(b) of title 
                        23, United States Code; and
                            ``(ii) connects to an existing 
                        Interstate System segment.
                The portion of the route referred to in 
                subsection (c)(9) is designated as Interstate 
                Route I-99.
                    ``(B) Treatment of segments.--Subject to 
                subparagraph (C), segments designated as part 
                of the Interstate System by this paragraph and 
                the mileage of such segments shall be treated 
                in the manner described in the last 2 sentences 
                of section 139(a) of title 23, United States 
                Code.
                    ``(C) Use of funds.--
                            ``(i) General rule.--Funds 
                        apportioned under section 104(b)(5)(A) 
                        of title 23, United States Code, may be 
                        used on a project to construct a 
                        portion of a route referred to in this 
                        paragraph to standards set forth in 
                        section 109(b) of such title if the 
                        State determines that the project for 
                        which the funds were originally 
                        apportioned is unreasonably delayed or 
                        no longer viable.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--If funds 
                        apportioned under section 104(b)(5)(A) 
                        of title 23, United States Code, for 
                        completing a segment of the Interstate 
                        System are used on a project pursuant 
                        to this subparagraph, no interstate 
                        construction funds may be made 
                        available, after the date of the 
                        enactment of this paragraph, for 
                        construction of such segment.
    (b) Feasibility Studies.--
            (1) Evacuation routes for louisiana coastal 
        areas.--Section 1105(e)(2) of such Act (105 Stat. 2033) 
        is amended by adding at the end the following: ``A 
        feasibility study may be conducted under this paragraph 
        to identify routes that will expedite future emergency 
        evacuations of coastal areas of Louisiana.''.
            (2) East-west transamerica corridor.--With amounts 
        available to the Secretary under section 1105(h) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
        1991, the Secretary in cooperation with the States of 
        Virginia and West Virginia shall conduct a study to 
        determine the feasibility of establishing a route for 
        the East-West Transamerica Corridor (designated 
        pursuant to section 1105(c)(3) of such Act) from 
        Beckley, West Virginia, utilizing a corridor entering 
        Virginia near the city of Covington then moving south 
        from the Allegheny Highlands to serve Roanoke and 
        continuing east to Lynchburg. From there such route 
        would continue across Virginia to the Hampton Roads 
        area.
    (c) Corrections to Projects.--The table contained in 
section 1105(f) of such Act (105 Stat. 2033-2035) is amended--
            (1) in item 1, relating to Pennsylvania, by 
        inserting after ``For'' the following: ``the segment 
        described in item 6 of this table and up to $11,000,000 
        for'';
            (2) in item 2, relating to Alabama, Georgia, 
        Mississippi, Tennessee, by inserting after ``Rt. 72'' 
        the following: ``and up to $1,500,000 from the State of 
        Alabama's share of the project for modification of the 
        Keller Memorial Bridge in Decatur, Alabama, to a 
        pedestrian structure'';
            (3) in item 21, relating to Louisiana, by inserting 
        after ``Shreveport, Louisiana'' insert the following: 
        ``, and up to $6,000,000 for surface transportation 
        projects in Louisiana, including $4,500,000 for the I-
        10 and I-610 project in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, in 
        the corridor between the St. Charles Parish line and 
        Tulane Avenue, $500,000 for noise analysis and safety 
        abatement measures or barriers along the Lakeview 
        section of I-610 in New Orleans, and $1,000,000 for 3 
        highway studies (including $250,000 for a study to 
        widen United States Route 84/Louisiana Route 6 
        traversing north Louisiana, $250,000 for a study to 
        widen Louisiana Route 42 from United States Route 61 to 
        Louisiana Route 44 and extend to I-10 in East Ascension 
        Parish, and $500,000 for a study to connect I-20 on 
        both sides of the Ouachita River)''; and
            (4) in item 26, relating to Indiana, Kentucky, 
        Tennessee, by striking ``Newberry'' and inserting 
        ``Evansville''.
    (d) Coalfields Expressway Description.--The first sentence 
of section 1069(v) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2010) is amended by striking 
``93'' and inserting the following: ``83, and from the West 
Virginia-Virginia State line generally following Route 83 to 
Pound, Virginia.''.

SEC. 333. CORRECTIONS TO RURAL ACCESS PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1106(a)(2) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2037-
2042) is amended--
            (1) in item 18, relating to Louisiana, by inserting 
        after ``in Louisiana'' the following: ``and for Zachary 
        Taylor Parkway, Alexandria to Bogalusa, Louisiana, to 
        I-59 in Mississippi not to exceed $1,000,000'';
            (2) in item 34, relating to Illinois, by striking 
        ``Resurfacing'' and all that follows through ``Omaha'' 
        and inserting ``Bel-Air Road improvement from south of 
        Carmi to State Route 141 in southeastern White 
        County'';
            (3) in item 52, relating to Bedford Springs, 
        Pennsylvania, by striking ``and Huntington'' and 
        inserting ``Franklin, and Huntingdon'';
            (4) in item 61, relating to Lubbock, Texas, by 
        striking ``with Interstate 20'' and inserting ``with 
        Interstate 10 through Interstate 20 and Interstate 27 
        north of Amarillo to the border between Texas and 
        Oklahoma'';
            (5) in item 71, relating to Chautauqua County, New 
        York, by inserting ``and other improvements'' after 
        ``expressway lanes'';
            (6) in item 75, relating to Pennsylvania, by 
        striking ``Widen'' and all that follows through 
        ``lanes'' and inserting ``Road improvements on a 14-
        mile segment of United States Route 15 in Lycoming 
        County, Pennsylvania'';
            (7) in item 93, relating to New Mexico, by striking 
        ``Raton-Clayton Rd., Clayton, New Mexico'' and 
        inserting ``United States Route 64/87 from Raton, New 
        Mexico, through Clayton to the border between Texas and 
        New Mexico''; and
            (8) in item 111, relating to Parker County, Texas--
                    (A) by striking ``Parker County'' and 
                inserting ``Parker and Tarrant Counties''; and
                    (B) by striking ``to four-'' and inserting 
                ``in Tarrant County to freeway standards and in 
                Parker County to a 4-''.

SEC. 334. CORRECTIONS TO URBAN ACCESS AND MOBILITY PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1106(b)(2) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2043-
2047) is amended--
            (1) in item 9, relating to New York, New York, by 
        inserting after ``NY'' the following: ``, $4,440,398, 
        and redevelopment of the James A. Farley Post Office, 
        Pennsylvania Station, and associated service buildings 
        into an intermodal transportation facility and 
        commercial center, $11,159,602'';
            (2) in item 13, relating to Joliet, Illinois, by 
        striking ``and construction and interchange at Houbolt 
        Road and I-80'';
            (3) in item 36, relating to Compton, California, by 
        striking ``For a grade'' and all that follows through 
        ``Corridor'' and inserting ``For grade separations and 
        other improvements in the city of Compton, 
        California''; and
            (4) in item 52, relating to Chicago, Illinois, by 
        striking ``Right-of-way'' and all that follows through 
        ``Connector)'' and inserting ``Reconstruct the Michigan 
        Avenue viaduct''.

SEC. 335. CORRECTIONS TO INNOVATIVE PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1107(b) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2048-
2059) is amended--
            (1) in item 10, relating to Atlanta, Georgia, by 
        striking ``(IVHS)'' and inserting ``(ITS)'';
            (2) in item 19, relating to Water Street, 
        Pennsylvania--
                    (A) by striking ``Water Street,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, or other projects in 
                the counties of Bedford, Blair, Centre, 
                Franklin, and Huntingdon as selected by the 
                State of Pennsylvania'' after ``Pennsylvania'' 
                the second place it appears;
            (3) in item 20, relating to Holidaysburg, 
        Pennsylvania--
                    (A) by striking ``Holidaysburg,'' the first 
                place it appears; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, or other projects in 
                the counties of Bedford, Blair, Centre, 
                Franklin, and Huntingdon as selected by the 
                State of Pennsylvania'' after ``Pennsylvania'' 
                the second place it appears;
            (4) in item 24, relating to Pennsylvania, by 
        inserting after ``line'' the following: ``and for the 
        purchase, rehabilitation, and improvement of any 
        similar existing facility within a 150-mile radius of 
        such project, as selected by the State of 
        Pennsylvania'';
            (5) in item 29, relating to Blacksburg, Virginia--
                    (A) by inserting ``methods of facilitating 
                public and private participation in'' after 
                ``demonstrate''; and
                    (B) by striking ``intelligent/vehicle 
                highway systems'' and inserting ``intelligent 
                transportation systems'';
            (6) in item 35, relating to Alabama, by striking 
        ``to bypass'' and all that follows through ``I-85'' and 
        inserting ``beginning on United States Route 80 west of 
        Montgomery, Alabama, and connecting to I-65 south of 
        Montgomery and I-85 east of Montgomery'';
            (7) in item 49, relating to Suffolk County, New 
        York, by inserting after ``perimeters'' the following: 
        ``and provide funds to the towns of Brookhaven, 
        Riverhead, Smithtown, East Hampton, Southold, Shelter 
        Island, and Southampton for the purchase of vehicles to 
        meet the transportation needs of the elderly and 
        persons with disabilities'';
            (8) in item 52, relating to Pennsylvania, by 
        striking ``2'' and all that follows through 
        ``Pennsylvania'' and inserting ``or rehabilitate (or 
        both) highway and transportation infrastructure 
        projects within 30 miles of I-81 or I-80 in 
        northeastern Pennsylvania'';
            (9) in item 61, relating to Mojave, California--
                    (A) by striking ``Mojave'' and inserting 
                ``Victorville''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``Mojave'' after 
                ``reconstruct'';
            (10) in item 68, relating to Portland/S. Portland, 
        Maine--
                    (A) by striking ``Portland/S. Portland,''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after ``Bridge'' the 
                following: ``and improvements to the Carlton 
                Bridge in Bath-Woolworth'';
            (11) in item 76, relating to Tennessee--
                    (A) by inserting ``Improved access to'' 
                before ``I-81'';
                    (B) by striking ``Interchange''; and
                    (C) by inserting after ``Tennessee'' the 
                second place it appears the following: ``via 
                improvements at I-181/Eastern Star Road and I-
                81/Kendrick Creek Road'';
            (12) in item 100, relating to Arkansas, by striking 
        ``Thornton'' and inserting ``Little Rock'';
            (13) in item 113, relating to Durham County, North 
        Carolina, by inserting after ``Route 147'' the 
        following: ``, including the interchange at I-85'';
            (14) in item 114, relating to Corpus Christi to 
        Angleton, Texas, by striking ``Construct new multi-lane 
        freeway'' and inserting ``Construct a 4-lane divided 
        highway'';
            (15) in item 162, relating to New York, New York, 
        by inserting after ``paint'' the following: ``, 
        $40,000,000, and James A. Farley Post Office, 
        Pennsylvania Station, and associated service buildings: 
        redevelopment, $15,000,000'';
            (16) in item 193, relating to Corning, New York, by 
        inserting ``and other improvements'' after ``expressway 
        lanes''; and
            (17) in item 196, relating to Orlando, Florida--
                    (A) by striking ``Orlando,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Land'' and all that 
                follows through ``project'' and inserting ``One 
                or more regionally significant, intercity 
                ground transportation projects''.

SEC. 336. CORRECTIONS TO INTERMODAL PROJECTS.

    The table contained in section 1108(b) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2060-
2063) is amended--
            (1) in item 9, relating to E. Haven/Wallingford, 
        Connecticut--
                    (A) by striking ``for $8.8 million'';
                    (B) by striking ``for $2.4 million''; and
                    (C) by striking ``for $0.7 million'';
            (2) in item 12, relating to Buffalo, New York, by 
        inserting after ``Project'' the following: ``and the 
        Crossroads Arena Project'';
            (3) in item 31, relating to Los Angeles, 
        California, by striking ``To improve ground access from 
        Sepulveda Blvd. to Los Angeles, California'' and 
        inserting the following: ``For the Los Angeles 
        International Airport central terminal ramp access 
        project, $3,500,000; for the widening of Aviation 
        Boulevard south of Imperial Highway, $3,500,000; for 
        the widening of Aviation Boulevard north of Imperial 
        Highway, $1,000,000; and for transportation systems 
        management improvements in the vicinity of the 
        Sepulveda Boulevard/Los Angeles International Airport 
        tunnel, $950,000'';
            (4) in item 33, relating to Orange County, New 
        York, strike ``Stuart Airport Interchange Project'' and 
        insert ``Stewart Airport interchange projects''; and
            (5) in item 38, relating to Provo, Utah, strike 
        ``South'' and all that follows through ``Airport'' and 
        insert ``East-West Connector from United States Route 
        89-189''.

SEC. 337. NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS.

    (a) State Eligibility.--Section 1302(c) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 
1261(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Act'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``part'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and 
                (D) as subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Federal share.--
                    ``(A) Prior to fiscal year 2001.--Prior to 
                October 1, 2000, the Federal share of the cost 
                of a project under this section shall be 50 
                percent.
                    ``(B) Fiscal year 2001 and thereafter.--For 
                fiscal year 2001 and each fiscal year 
                thereafter, a State shall be eligible to 
                receive moneys under this part for a fiscal 
                year only if the State agrees to expend from 
                non-Federal sources for carrying out projects 
                under this part an amount equal to 20 percent 
                of the amount received by the State under this 
                part in that fiscal year.''.
    (b) Administrative Costs.--Section 1302(d)(1) of such Act 
(16 U.S.C. 1261(d)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (C);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
        subparagraph (E); and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
        following:
                    ``(D) contracting for services with other 
                land management agencies; and''.
    (c) Environmental Mitigation.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1302(e) of such Act (16 
        U.S.C. 1261(e)) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), 
                (7), and (8) as paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and 
                (9), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                following:
            ``(5) Environmental mitigation.--
                    ``(A) Requirement.--To the extent 
                practicable and consistent with other 
                requirements of this section, in complying with 
                paragraph (4), a State should give 
                consideration to project proposals that provide 
                for the redesign, reconstruction, nonroutine 
                maintenance, or relocation of trails in order 
                to mitigate and minimize the impact to the 
                natural environment.
                    ``(B) Guidance.--A recreational trail 
                advisory board satisfying the requirements of 
                subsection (c)(2)(A) shall issue guidance to a 
                State for the purposes of implementing 
                subparagraph (A).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1302(e)(4) of 
        such Act (16 U.S.C. 1261(e)(4)) is amended by striking 
        ``paragraphs (6) and (8)(B)'' and inserting 
        ``paragraphs (7) and (9)(B)''.
    (d) Return of Moneys Not Expended.--Section 1302(e)(9)(B) 
of such Act, as redesignated by subsection (c)(1)(A), is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``the State'' before ``may be 
        exempted''; and
            (2) by striking ``and expended or committed'' and 
        all that follows before the period.
    (e) Advisory Committee.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1303(b) of such Act (16 
        U.S.C. 1262(b)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``11 members'' and 
                inserting ``12 members'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), 
                and (4) as paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), 
                respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following:
            ``(2) 1 member appointed by the Secretary 
        representing individuals with disabilities;''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1303(c) of such 
        Act (16 U.S.C. 1262(c)) is amended by striking 
        ``subsection (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (b)(3)''.
    (f) Funding.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
        (j); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the 
        following:
    ``(h) National Recreational Trails Funding.--In addition to 
funds made available from the National Recreational Trails 
Trust Fund, the Secretary shall obligate, from administrative 
funds (contract authority) deducted under subsection (a), to 
carry out section 1302 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 1261) $15,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 1996 and 1997.''.

SEC. 338. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.

    (a) Improved Collaboration in Intelligent Transportation 
Systems Research and Development.--Section 6054 of the 
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 
U.S.C. 307 note; 105 Stat. 2191-2192) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(e) Collaborative Research and Development.--In carrying 
out this part, the Secretary may carry out collaborative 
research and development in accordance with section 307(a)(2) 
of title 23, United States Code.''.
    (b) Time Limit for Obligation of Funds for Intelligent 
Transportation Systems Projects.--Section 6058 of such Act (23 
U.S.C. 307 note; 105 Stat. 2194-2195) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e) by striking ``until 
        expended'' and inserting ``for obligation in accordance 
        with this section''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Obligation of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Funds made available pursuant to 
        subsections (a) and (b) on or after the date of the 
        enactment of this subsection and other funds made 
        available on or after that date to carry out specific 
        intelligent transportation systems projects shall be 
        obligated not later than the last day of the fiscal 
        year following the fiscal year for which the funds are 
        made available. Funds made available pursuant to 
        subsections (a) and (b) before such date of enactment 
        shall remain available until expended.
            ``(2) Reallocation of funds.--If funds described in 
        paragraph (1) are not obligated by the date described 
        in the paragraph, the Secretary may make the funds 
        available to carry out any other project with respect 
        to which funds may be made available under subsection 
        (a) or (b).''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Findings.--Section 6009(a)(6) of such Act (23 
        U.S.C. 307 note; 105 Stat. 2176) is amended by striking 
        ``intelligent vehicle highway systems'' and inserting 
        ``intelligent transportation systems''.
            (2) Intelligent transportation systems generally.--
        Part B of title VI of such Act (23 U.S.C. 307 note) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking the part heading and 
                inserting the following:

            ``PART B--INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS'';

                    (B) in section 6051 by striking 
                ``Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems'' and 
                inserting ``Intelligent Transportation 
                Systems'';
                    (C) by striking ``intelligent vehicle-
                highway systems'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``intelligent transportation 
                systems'';
                    (D) in section 6054(a)(2)(A) by striking 
                ``intelligent vehicle-highway'' and inserting 
                ``intelligent transportation systems'';
                    (E) in the subsection heading for section 
                6054(b) by striking ``Intelligent Vehicle-
                Highway Systems'' and inserting ``Intelligent 
                Transportation Systems'';
                    (F) in the subsection heading for section 
                6056(a) by striking ``IVHS'' and inserting 
                ``ITS'';
                    (G) in the subsection heading for each of 
                subsections (a) and (b) of section 6058 by 
                striking ``IVHS'' and inserting ``ITS''; and
                    (H) in the paragraph heading for section 
                6059(1) by striking ``IVHS'' and inserting 
                ``ITS''.
            (3) DOT appropriations act.--Section 310(c)(3) of 
        the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
        Appropriations Act, 1995 (23 U.S.C. 104 note; 108 Stat. 
        2489-2490) is amended by striking ``intelligent vehicle 
        highway systems'' and inserting ``intelligent 
        transportation systems''.
            (4) HAZMAT.--Section 109(a) of the Hazardous 
        Materials Transportation Authorization Act of 1994 (23 
        U.S.C. 307 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Intelligent Vehicle-
                Highway Systems'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``Intelligent Transportation 
                Systems''; and
                    (B) by striking ``intelligent vehicle-
                highway system'' and inserting ``intelligent 
                transportation system''.
            (5) University research institute.--Section 5316(d) 
        of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``Intelligent Vehicle-Highway'' and inserting 
                ``Intelligent Transportation''; and
                    (B) by striking ``intelligent vehicle-
                highway'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``intelligent transportation''.

SEC. 339. ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) Pennsylvania Turnpike and I-95.--
            (1) Reconstruction and widening.--The project 
        authorized by section 162 of the Surface Transportation 
        Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2136) shall include 
        reconstruction and widening to 6 lanes of existing 
        Interstate Route 95 and of the Pennsylvania Turnpike 
        from United States Route 1 to the junction with the New 
        Jersey Turnpike, including the structure over the 
        Delaware River.
            (2) Federal share.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Federal share payable on account 
        of the project referred to in paragraph (1), including 
        the additional through roadway and bridge travel lanes, 
        shall be 90 percent of the cost of the project.
            (3) Tolls.--Notwithstanding section 301 of title 
        23, United States Code, the project for construction of 
        an interchange between the Pennsylvania Turnpike and 
        Interstate Route 95, including the widening of the 
        Pennsylvania Turnpike, shall be treated as a 
        reconstruction project described in section 
        129(a)(1)(B) of such title and tolls may be continued 
        on all traffic on the Pennsylvania Turnpike between 
        United States Route 1 and the New Jersey Turnpike.
    (b) Type II Noise Barriers.--
            (1) General rule.--No funds made available out of 
        the Highway Trust Fund may be used to construct Type II 
        noise barriers (as defined by section 772.5(i) of title 
        23, Code of Federal Regulations) pursuant to 
        subsections (h) and (i) of section 109 of title 23, 
        United States Code, if such barriers were not part of a 
        project approved by the Secretary before the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        construction of Type II noise barriers along lands that 
        were developed or were under substantial construction 
        before approval of the acquisition of the rights-of-
        ways for, or construction of, the existing highway.
    (c) Route Segments in Wyoming.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall cooperate with 
        the State of Wyoming in monitoring the changes in 
        growth along, and traffic patterns of, the route 
        segments in Wyoming described in paragraph (2), for the 
        purpose of future consideration of the addition of the 
        route segments to the National Highway System in 
        accordance with section 103(b)(6) of title 23, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Route segments.--The route segments referred to 
        in paragraph (1) are--
                    (A) United States Route 191 from Rock 
                Springs to Hoback Junction;
                    (B) United States Route 16 from Worland to 
                Interstate Route 90; and
                    (C) Wyoming Route 59 from Douglas to 
                Gillette.
    (d) Orange Street Bridge, Missoula, Montana.--
Notwithstanding section 149 of title 23, United States Code, or 
any other provision of law, a project to construct new capacity 
for the Orange Street Bridge in Missoula, Montana, shall be 
eligible for funding under the congestion mitigation and air 
quality improvement program established under such section.
    (e) National Railroad Passenger Corporation Line.--The 
improvements to, or adjacent to, the main line of the National 
Railroad Passenger Corporation between milepost 190.23 at 
Central Falls, Rhode Island, and milepost 168.53 at Davisville, 
Rhode Island, that are necessary to support the rail movement 
of freight shall be eligible for funds apportioned under 
sections 103(e)(4), 104(b)(2), and 104(b)(3) of title 23, 
United States Code.
    (f) Pocono Northeast Railway Company Line.--The 
improvements to the former Pocono Northeast Railway Company 
freight rail line by the Luzerne County Redevelopment Authority 
that are necessary to support the rail movement of freight 
shall be eligible for funds apportioned under sections 
104(b)(2) and 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code.
    (g) Brightman Street Bridge, Fall River Harbor, 
Massachusetts.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Brightman Street Bridge in Fall River Harbor, Massachusetts, 
may be reconstructed to result in a clear channel width of less 
than 300 feet.
    (h) Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway Bridge Replacement at 
Great Bridge, Chesapeake, Virginia.--The project for navigation 
at Great Bridge, Virginia, Highway 168, over the Atlantic 
Intracoastal Waterway in Chesapeake, Virginia: Report of the 
Chief of Engineers, dated July 1, 1994, at a total cost of 
$23,680,000, with an estimated Federal cost of $20,341,000 and 
an estimated non-Federal cost of $3,339,000. The city of 
Chesapeake shall assume full ownership of the replacement 
bridge to be constructed under the project, includingall 
associated operation, maintenance, repair, replacement, and 
rehabilitation costs.
    (i) Federal Lands Highways Program.--Notwithstanding 
section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, and the 
requirements of sections 202 and 204 of such title, the highway 
projects described in section 149(a)(62) of the Surface 
Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 
(101 Stat. 191), section 1 of Public Law 100-211 (101 Stat. 
1442), and Public Law 99-647 (100 Stat. 3625) and projects on 
State Highway 488 within the Great Basin National Park, Nevada, 
and United States Route 93 from Somers to Whitefish, Montana, 
shall be eligible for assistance under sections 202 and 204 of 
such title. Any funds allocated for fiscal year 1996 and 
thereafter for such projects as a result of enactment of this 
subsection shall not affect the apportionment adjustments made 
under section 1015 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991.
    (j) Alameda Transportation Corridor, California.--Funds 
apportioned to the State of California under section 104(b)(1) 
of title 23, United States Code, for the National Highway 
System may be obligated for construction of, and operational 
improvements for, grade separation projects for the Alameda 
Transportation Corridor along Alameda Street from the entrance 
to the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach to Interstate Route 
10, Los Angeles, California. The Federal share of the costs of 
such projects shall be determined in accordance with section 
120(b) of such title.

SEC. 340. MISCELLANEOUS CORRECTIONS TO SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND 
                    UNIFORM RELOCATION ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1987.

    (a) 34th Street Corridor Project in Moorhead, Minnesota.--
Section 149(a)(5)(A) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform 
Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 181), relating to 
Minnesota, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (i); 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``and (iii) a safety overpass,'' 
        after ``interchange,''.
    (b) California.--Section 149(a)(69) of such Act (101 Stat. 
191), relating to Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, 
California, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``highway'';
            (2) by striking ``and construction of terminal and 
        parking facilities at such airport''; and
            (3) by striking ``by making'' and all that follows 
        through the period at the end of the second sentence 
        and inserting the following: ``by preparing a 
        feasibility study and conducting preliminary 
        engineering, design, and construction of a link between 
        such airport and the commuter rail system that is being 
        developed by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan 
        Transportation Authority.''.
    (c) Pennsylvania.--Section 149(a)(74) of such Act (101 
Stat. 192) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Chambersburg, pennsylvania'' in 
        the paragraph heading and inserting ``Pennsylvania''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``and other projects in the counties of 
        Bedford, Blair, Centre, Franklin, and Huntingdon, 
        Pennsylvania''.
    (d) Louisiana.--
            (1) Rural access project.--Section 149(a)(87) of 
        the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
        Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 194) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``West calcasieu parish, 
                louisiana'' and inserting ``Louisiana''; and
                    (B) by inserting before the period at the 
                end the following: ``and construction of roads 
                and a bridge to provide access to the Rose 
                Bluff industrial area, Lake Charles, 
                Louisiana''.
            (2) I-10 exit ramp and other projects.--Section 
        149(a)(89) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform 
        Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 194) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``and lake charles'' after 
                ``lafayette'' in the paragraph heading; and
                    (B) by inserting before the period at the 
                end the following: ``and, of amounts made 
                available to carry out this paragraph, may use 
                up to $456,022 to carry out a comprehensive 
                transportation and land use plan for Lafayette, 
                Louisiana, $1,000,000 to carry out a project to 
                construct an exit ramp from the eastbound side 
                of Interstate Route 10 to Ryan Street in Lake 
                Charles, Louisiana, and $269,661 to carry out 
                projects described in paragraph (90)''.
            (3) Contraband bridge.--Section 149(a)(90) of such 
        Act (101 Stat. 194) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``and lake charles'' after 
                ``lafayette'' in the paragraph heading; and
                    (B) by inserting before the period at the 
                end ``and a project to construct the Contraband 
                Bridge portion of the Nelson Access Road 
                Project''.
    (e) Maryland.--Section 149(a)(92) of such Act (101 Stat. 
194) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``United states route 48'' in the 
        paragraph heading and inserting ``Washington and 
        frederick counties''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and to construct an interchange 
        between Interstate Route 70 and Interstate Route 270 in 
        Frederick County, Maryland'' after ``Mountain Road''.
    (f) North Dakota.--Of funds remaining available for 
obligation under sections 149(a)(111)(C), 149(a)(111)(E), 
149(a)(111)(J), 149(a)(111)(K), 149(a)(111)(L), 149(a)(111)(M), 
and 149(a)(112) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform 
Relocation Assistance Act of 1987, $217,440 shall be made 
available for the repair of County Road 8 west of Lawton, 
Ramsey County, North Dakota. The remainder of such funds shall 
be made available to the North Dakota department of 
transportation for flood prevention and repair activities on 
North Dakota county roads on a Federal-aid system that are 
threatened by flooding (as determined by the North Dakota 
department of transportation).

SEC. 341. ACCESSIBILITY OF OVER-THE-ROAD BUSES TO INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                    DISABILITIES.

    Section 306(a)(2)(B)(iii) of the Americans With 
Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12186(a)(2)(B)(iii)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subclause (I) by striking ``7 years after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
        ``3 years after the date of issuance of final 
        regulations under clause (ii)''; and
            (2) in subclause (II) by striking ``6 years after 
        such date of enactment'' and inserting ``2 years after 
        the date of issuance of such final regulations''.

SEC. 342. ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES TESTING.

    (a) Mass Transit Testing.--Section 5331(b) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the subsection 
designation and all that follows through paragraph (1)(A) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(b) Testing Program for Mass Transportation Employees.--
(1)(A) In the interest of mass transportation safety, the 
Secretary shall prescribe regulations that establish a program 
requiring mass transportation operations that receive financial 
assistance undersection 5307, 5309, or 5311 of this title or 
section 103(e)(4) of title 23 to conduct preemployment, reasonable 
suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of mass transportation 
employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the 
Secretary) for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or 
a United States Government regulation, and to conduct reasonable 
suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of such employees for the 
use of alcohol in violation of law or a United States Government 
regulation. The regulations shall permit such operations to conduct 
preemployment testing of such employees for the use of alcohol.''.
    (b) Railroad Testing.--Section 20140(b)(1)(A) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(A) a railroad carrier to conduct preemployment, 
        reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing 
        of all railroad employees responsible for safety-
        sensitive functions (as decided by the Secretary) for 
        the use of a controlled substance in violation of law 
        or a United States Government regulation, and to 
        conduct reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident 
        testing of such employees for the use of alcohol in 
        violation of law or a United States Government 
        regulation; the regulations shall permit such railroad 
        carriers to conduct preemployment testing of such 
        employees for the use of alcohol; and''.
    (c) Motor Carrier Testing.--Section 31306(b) of such title 
is amended by striking the subsection designation and all that 
follows through paragraph (1)(A) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Testing Program for Operators of Commercial Motor 
Vehicles.--(1)(A) In the interest of commercial motor vehicle 
safety, the Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe 
regulations that establish a program requiring motor carriers 
to conduct preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and 
post-accident testing of operators of commercial motor vehicles 
for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or a 
United States Government regulation and to conduct reasonable 
suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of such operators 
for the use of alcohol in violation of law or a United States 
Government regulation. The regulations shall permit such motor 
carriers to conduct preemployment testing of such employees for 
the use of alcohol.''.
    (d) Aviation Testing.--
            (1) Program for employees of air carriers and 
        foreign air carriers.--Section 45102(a) of title 49, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking the 
        subsection designation and all that follows through 
        paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Program for Employees of Air Carriers and Foreign Air 
Carriers.--(1) In the interest of aviation safety, the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
prescribe regulations that establish a program requiring air 
carriers and foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment, 
reasonable suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of 
airmen, crew members, airport security screening contract 
personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for 
safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator) 
for the use of a controlled substance in violation of law or a 
United States Government regulation; and to conduct reasonable 
suspicion, random, and post-accident testing of airmen, crew 
members, airport security screening contract personnel, and 
other air carrier employees responsible for safety-sensitive 
functions (as decided by the Administrator) for the use of 
alcohol in violation of law or a United States Government 
regulation. The regulations shall permit air carriers and 
foreign air carriers to conduct preemployment testing of 
airmen, crew members, airport security screening contract 
personnel, and other air carrier employees responsible for 
safety-sensitive functions (as decided by the Administrator) 
for the use of alcohol.''.
            (2) Program for employees of the federal aviation 
        administration.--Section 45102(b) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking the subsection 
        designation and all that follows through paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Program for Employees of the Federal Aviation 
Administration.--(1) The Administrator shall establish a 
program of preemployment, reasonable suspicion, random, and 
post-accident testing for the use of a controlled substance in 
violation of law or a United States Government regulation for 
employees of the Administration whose duties include 
responsibility for safety-sensitive functions and shall 
establish a program of reasonable suspicion, random, and post-
accident testing for the use of alcohol in violation of law or 
a United States Government regulation for such employees. The 
Administrator may establish a program of preemployment testing 
for the use of alcohol for such employees.''.

SEC. 343. NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER.

    Section 30308(a) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``and $2,550,000 for fiscal year1995'' and 
inserting ``and $2,550,000 for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996''.

SEC. 344. COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 31136(e) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1) In general.--'' before 
        ``After'';
            (2) by indenting paragraph (1), as designated by 
        paragraph (1) of this section, and moving that 
        paragraph 2 ems to the right; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Commercial motor vehicle safety pilot 
        program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than the 270th 
                day following the date of the enactment of this 
                paragraph, the Secretary shall implement a 
                commercial motor vehicle regulatory relief and 
                safety pilot program (hereinafter in this 
                paragraph referred to as the `program') to 
                grant and to monitor exemptions from the 
                provisions of this section and sections 504 and 
                31502. The program shall provide that the 
                Secretary, within 120 days after receiving an 
                application for participation in the program 
                from an employer, shall determine whether to 
                exempt some or all of the eligible vehicles 
                operated by the applicant, and some or all of 
                the drivers of such vehicles employed by the 
                applicant, from some or all of the regulations 
                prescribed under this section and sections 504 
                and 31502--
                            ``(i) if the applicant has a 
                        satisfactory safety rating issued by 
                        the Secretary or meets criteria 
                        established by the Secretary pursuant 
                        to subparagraph (J) instead of such 
                        rating; and
                            ``(ii) if the applicant and the 
                        Secretary enter into an agreement that 
                        provides that the applicant while 
                        participating in the program--
                                    ``(I) shall operate safely;
                                    ``(II) shall provide the 
                                Secretary with accident and 
                                nonconfidential insurance-
                                related information relevant to 
                                the safety performance of the 
                                applicant and vehicles and 
                                drivers of the applicant 
                                subject to the program;
                                    ``(III) shall use in the 
                                program only drivers with good 
                                safety records in the preceding 
                                36 months and who maintain such 
                                good safety records while in 
                                the program; and
                                    ``(IV) shall implement such 
                                safety management controls as 
                                the Secretary (in cooperation 
                                with the applicant) determines 
                                are necessary to carry out the 
                                objectives of this subsection.
                    ``(B) Safety management controls.--Safety 
                management controls implemented by participants 
                in the program shall be designed to achieve a 
                level of operational safety equal to or greater 
                than that resulting from compliance with the 
                regulations prescribed under this section and 
                sections 504 and 31502.
                    ``(C) Paperwork burden to be minimized.--
                The Secretary shall ensure that participants in 
                the program are subject to a minimum of 
                paperwork and regulatory burdens necessary to 
                ensure compliance with the requirements of the 
                program.
                    ``(D) Encouragement of advanced 
                technology.--The Secretary shall encourage 
                participants in the program to use such 
                advanced technologies as may be necessary to 
                ensure compliance with the requirements of the 
                program.
                    ``(E) Approval factors.--In approving 
                applicants for participation in the program, 
                the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) ensure that the participants 
                        represent a broad cross-section of 
                        fleet size and drivers of eligible 
                        vehicles; and
                            ``(ii) ensure participation by 
                        qualified applicants, except to the 
                        extent limited by resources of the 
                        Secretary that are necessary to permit 
                        effective monitoring under subparagraph 
                        (G).
                    ``(F) Modifications to reflect changes in 
                regulations.--If there is a material change in 
                the regulations prescribed under this section 
                or section 504 or 31502, the Secretary shall 
                require each participant in the program to 
                modify the safety management controls 
                applicable to such participant, and the 
                agreement provided for in subparagraph (A)(ii), 
                to the extent necessary to reflect the material 
                change.
                    ``(G) Monitoring.--The Secretary and 
                participants in the program shall monitor 
                periodically the safety of vehicles and drivers 
                subject to the program.
                    ``(H) Termination of participation.--A 
                participant shall participate in the program 
                until--
                            ``(i) the Secretary finds that--
                                    ``(I) the participant has 
                                exceeded the average ratio of 
                                preventable accidents to 
                                vehicle miles traveled for a 
                                period of 12 months for 
                                eligible vehicles;
                                    ``(II) the participant has 
                                failed to comply with the 
                                requirements established by the 
                                Secretary for participation in 
                                the program (including 
                                applicable safety management 
                                controls); or
                                    ``(III) continued 
                                participation in the program is 
                                not in the public interest; or
                            ``(ii) the participant voluntarily 
                        withdraws from the program.
                    ``(I) Emergencies.--The Secretary may 
                suspend or modify participation in the program 
                in case of emergency.
                    ``(J) Guidelines.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 
                        the 270th day following the date of the 
                        enactment of this paragraph, the 
                        Secretary, after notice and opportunity 
                        for comment, shall establish criteria 
                        and define any terms necessary for 
                        implementing the program consistent 
                        with this section. In establishing the 
                        criteria, the Secretary may consider to 
                        what extent and under what conditions 
                        safety management controls may 
                        substitute, in whole or in part, for 
                        compliance with some or all of the 
                        regulations prescribed under this 
                        section and sections 504 and 31502.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--Notwithstanding 
                        clause (i), the program shall take 
                        effect on or before the 270th day 
                        following the date of the enactment of 
                        this paragraph. If the rulemaking 
                        described in clause (i) is not 
                        completed on or before such 270th day, 
                        the Secretary shall issue interim 
                        criteria, consistent with this section, 
                        pending the completion of the 
                        rulemaking described in this 
                        subsection.
                    ``(K) Eligible vehicles.--For purposes of 
                this subsection, the term `eligible vehicle' 
                means a commercial motor vehicle with a gross 
                vehicle weight rating of at least 10,001 
                pounds, but not more than 26,000 pounds, other 
                than a vehicle--
                            ``(i) designed to transport more 
                        than 15 passengers, including the 
                        driver; or
                            ``(ii) used in transporting 
                        material found by the Secretary to be 
                        hazardous under section 5103 and 
                        transported in a quantity requiring 
                        placarding under the regulations issued 
                        under such section.
            ``(3) Review of regulations.--Based in part on the 
        information and experience obtained from the program, 
        the Secretary shall conduct a zero-based review of the 
        need for, and the costs and benefits of, all 
        regulations prescribed under this section and sections 
        504 and 31502 to determine whether and to what extent 
        such regulations should apply to eligible vehicles. The 
        review shall focus on the appropriate level of safety 
        that is in the public interest and the paperwork and 
        regulatory burdens of such regulations as the 
        regulations apply to employers and employees that use 
        such vehicles. The Secretary shall complete the review 
        by the last day of the 3-year period beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of this paragraph. Upon 
        completion of the review, the Secretary shall, after 
        notice and an opportunity for public comment, grant 
        such exemptions or modify or repeal existing 
        regulations to the extent appropriate.''.

SEC. 345. EXEMPTIONS FROM REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO COMMERCIAL MOTOR 
                    VEHICLES AND THEIR OPERATORS.

    (a) Exemptions.--
            (1) Transportation of agricultural commodities and 
        farm supplies.--Regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
        under sections 31136 and 31502 of title 49, United 
        States Code, regarding maximum driving and on-duty time 
        for drivers used by motor carriers shall not apply to 
        drivers transporting agricultural commodities or farm 
        supplies for agricultural purposes in a State if such 
        transportation is limited to an area within a 100 air 
        mile radius from the source of the commodities or the 
        distribution point for the farm supplies and is during 
        the planting and harvesting seasons within such State, 
        as determined by the State.
            (2) Transportation and operation of ground water 
        well drilling rigs.--Such regulations shall, in the 
        case of a driver of a commercial motor vehicle who is 
        used primarily in the transportation and operation of a 
        ground water well drilling rig, permit any period of 7 
        or 8 consecutive days to end with the beginning of an 
        off-duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours for the 
        purposes of determining maximum driving and on-duty 
        time.
            (3) Transportation of construction materials and 
        equipment.--Such regulations shall, in the case of a 
        driver of a commercial motor vehicle who is used 
        primarily in the transportation of construction 
        materials and equipment, permit any period of 7 or 8 
        consecutive days to end with the beginning of an off-
        duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours for the 
        purposes of determining maximum driving and on-duty 
        time.
            (4) Drivers of utility service vehicles.--Such 
        regulations shall, in the case of a driver of a utility 
        service vehicle, permit any period of 7 or 8 
        consecutive days to end with the beginning of an off-
        duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours for the 
        purposes of determining maximum driving and on-duty 
        time.
            (5) Snow and ice removal.--A State may waive the 
        requirements of chapter 313 of title 49,
    United States Code, with respect to a vehicle that is being 
operated within the boundaries of an eligible unit of local 
government by an employee of such unit for the purpose of 
removing snow or ice from a roadway by plowing, sanding, or 
salting. Such waiver authority shall only apply in a case where 
the employee is needed to operate the vehicle because the 
employee of the eligible unit of local government who 
ordinarily operates the vehicle and who has a commercial 
drivers license is unable to operate the vehicle or is in need 
of additional assistance due to a snow emergency.
    (b) Preemption.--Nothing contained in this section shall 
require the preemption of State laws and regulations concerning 
the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles as the result 
of exemptions from Federal requirements provided under this 
section.
    (c) Review by the Secretary.--The Secretary may conduct a 
rulemaking proceeding to determine whether granting any 
exemption provided by subsection (a) (other than paragraph (2)) 
is not in the public interest and would have a significant 
adverse impact on the safety of commercial motor vehicles. If, 
at any time as a result of such a proceeding, the Secretary 
determines that granting such exemption would not be in the 
public interest and would have a significant adverse impact on 
the safety of commercial motor vehicles, the Secretary may 
prevent the exemption from going into effect, modify the 
exemption, or revoke the exemption. The Secretary may develop a 
program to monitor the exemption, including agreements with 
carriers to permit the Secretary to examine insurance 
information maintained by an insurer on a carrier.
    (d) Report.--The Secretary shall monitor the commercial 
motor vehicle safety performance of drivers of vehicles that 
are subject to an exemption under this section. If the 
Secretary determines that public safety has been adversely 
affected by an exemption granted under this section, the 
Secretary shall report to Congress on the determination.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            (1) 7 or 8 consecutive days.--The term ``7 or 8 
        consecutive days'' means the period of 7 or 8 
        consecutive days beginning on any day at the time 
        designated by the motor carrier for a 24-hour period.
            (2) 24-hour period.--The term ``24-hour period'' 
        means any 24 consecutive hour period beginning at the 
        time designated by the motor carrier for the terminal 
        from which the driver is normally dispatched.
            (3) Ground water well drilling rig.--The term 
        ``ground water well drilling rig'' means any vehicle, 
        machine, tractor, trailer, semi-trailer, or specialized 
        mobile equipment propelled or drawn by mechanical power 
        and used on highways to transport water well field 
        operating equipment, including water well drilling and 
        pump service rigs equipped to access ground water.
            (4) Transportation of construction materials and 
        equipment.--The term ``transportation of construction 
        materials and equipment'' means the transportation of 
        construction and pavement materials, construction 
        equipment, and construction maintenance vehicles, by a 
        driver to or from an active construction site (a 
        construction site between initial mobilization of 
        equipment and materials to the site to the final 
        completion of the construction project) within a 50 air 
        mile radius of the normal work reporting location of 
        the driver. This paragraph does not apply to the 
        transportation of material found by the Secretary to be 
        hazardous under section 5103 of title 49, United States 
        Code, in a quantity requiring placarding under 
        regulations issued to carry out such section.
            (5) Eligible unit of local government.--The term 
        ``eligible unit of local government'' means a city, 
        town, borough, county, parish, district, or other 
        public body created by or pursuant to State law which 
        has a total population of 3,000 individuals or less.
            (6) Utility service vehicle.--The term ``utility 
        service vehicle'' means any commercial motor vehicle--
                    (A) used in the furtherance of repairing, 
                maintaining, or operating any structures or any 
                other physical facilities necessary for the 
                delivery of public utility services, including 
                the furnishing of electric, gas, water, 
                sanitary sewer, telephone, and television cable 
                or community antenna service;
                    (B) while engaged in any activity 
                necessarily related to the ultimate delivery of 
                such public utility services to consumers, 
                including travel or movement to, from, upon, or 
                between activity sites (including occasional 
                travel or movement outside the service area 
                necessitated by any utility emergency as 
                determined by the utility provider); and
                    (C) except for any occasional emergency 
                use, operated primarily within the service area 
                of a utility's subscribers or consumers, 
                without regard to whether the vehicle is owned, 
                leased, or rented by the utility.
    (f) Effective Date.--Subsection (a) of this section shall 
take effect on the 180th day following the date of the 
enactment of this Act; except that paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
subsection (a) shall take effect on such date of enactment.

SEC. 346. WINTER HOME HEATING OIL DELIVERY STATE FLEXIBILITY PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--After notice and opportunity for comment, 
the Secretary shall develop and implement a pilot program for 
the purpose of evaluating waivers of the regulations issued by 
the Secretary pursuant to sections 31136 and 31502 of title 49, 
United States Code, relating to maximum on-duty time, and 
sections 31102 and 31104(j) of such title, relating to the 
Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program, to permit any period 
of 7 or 8 consecutive days to end with the beginning of an off-
duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours for the purposes of 
determining maximum on-duty time for drivers of motor vehicles 
making intrastate home heating oil deliveries that occur within 
100 air miles of a central terminal or distribution point of 
the delivery of such oil. The Secretary may approve up to 5 
States to participate in the pilot program during the winter 
heating season in the 6-month period beginning on November 1, 
1996.
    (b) Approval Criteria.--The Secretary shall select States 
to participate in the pilot program upon approval of 
applications submitted by States to the Secretary. The 
Secretary shall act on a State's application within 30 days 
after the date of its submission. The Secretary may only 
approve an application of a State under this section if the 
Secretary finds, at a minimum, that--
            (1) a substantial number of the citizens of the 
        State rely on home heating oil for heat during winter 
        months;
            (2) current maximum on-duty time regulations may 
        endanger the welfare of these citizens by impeding 
        timely deliveries of home heating oil;
            (3) the State will ensure an equal to or greater 
        level of safety with respect to home heating oil 
        deliveries than the level of safety resulting from 
        compliance with the regulations referred to in 
        subsection (a);
            (4) the State will monitor the safety of home 
        heating oil deliveries while participating in the 
        program;
            (5) employers of deliverers of home heating oil 
        that will be covered by the program will agree to make 
        all safety data developed from the pilot program 
        available to the State and to the Secretary;
            (6) the State will only permit employers of 
        deliverers of home heating oil with satisfactory safety 
        records to be covered by the program; and
            (7) the State will comply with such other criteria 
        as the Secretary determines are necessary to implement 
        the program consistent with this section.
    (c) Participation in Program.--Upon approval of an 
application of a State under this section, the Secretary shall 
permit the State to participate in the pilot program for an 
initial period of 15 days during the winter heating season of 
the State (as determined by the Governor and the Secretary). 
If, after the last day of such 15-day period, the Secretary 
finds that a State's continued participation in the program is 
consistent with this section and has resulted in no significant 
adverse impact on public safety and is in the public interest, 
the Secretary shall extend the State's participation in the 
program for periods of up to 30 additional days during such 
heating season.
    (d) Suspension From Program.--The Secretary may suspend a 
State's participation in the pilot program at any time if the 
Secretary finds--
            (1) that the State has not complied with any of the 
        criteria for participation in the program under this 
        section;
            (2) that a State's participation in the program has 
        caused a significant adverse impact on public safety 
        and is not in the public interest; or
            (3) the existence of an emergency.
    (e) Review by Secretary.--Within 90 days after the 
completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall initiate a 
rulemaking to determine, based in part on the results of the 
program, whether to--
            (1) permit a State to grant waivers of the 
        regulations referred to in subsection (a) to motor 
        carriers transporting home heating oil within the 
        borders of the State, subject to such conditions as the 
        Secretary may impose, if the Secretary determines that 
        such waivers by the State meet the conditions in 
        section 31136(e) of title 49, United States Code; or
            (2) amend the regulations referred to in subsection 
        (a) as may be necessary to provide flexibility to motor 
        carriers delivering home heating oil during winter 
        periods of peak demand.
    (f) Definition.--In this section, the term ``7 or 8 
consecutive days'' has the meaning such term has under section 
345 of this Act.

SEC. 347. SAFETY REPORT.

    Not later than September 30, 1997, the Secretary, in 
cooperation with any State which raises any speed limit in such 
State to a level above the level permitted under section 154 of 
title 23, United States Code, as such section was in effect on 
September 15, 1995, shall prepare and submit to Congress a 
study of--
            (1) the costs to such State of deaths and injuries 
        resulting from motor vehicle crashes; and
            (2) the benefits associated with the repeal of the 
        national maximum speed limit.

SEC. 348. MORATORIUM ON CERTAIN EMISSIONS TESTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency (hereinafter in this section referred to as 
the ``Administrator'') shall not require adoption or 
implementation by a State of a test-only I/M240 enhanced 
vehicle inspection and maintenance program as a means of 
compliance with section 182 or 187 of the Clean Air Act (42 
U.S.C. 7511a; 7512a), but the Administrator may approve such a 
program if a State chooses to adopt the program as a means of 
compliance with such section.
    (b) Limitation on Plan Disapproval.--The Administrator 
shall not disapprove or apply an automatic discount to a State 
implementation plan revision under section 182 or 187 of the 
Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7511a; 7512a) on the basis of a 
policy, regulation, or guidance providing for a discount of 
emissions credits because the inspection and maintenance 
program in such plan revision is decentralized or a test-and-
repair program.
    (c) Emissions Reduction Credits.--
            (1) State plan revision; approval.--Within 120 days 
        of the date of the enactment of this subsection, a 
        State may submit an implementation plan revision 
        proposing an interim inspection and maintenance program 
        under section 182 or 187 of the Clean Air Act (42 
        U.S.C. 7511a; 7512a). The Administrator shall approve 
        the program based on the full amount of credits 
        proposed by the State for each element of the program 
        if the proposed credits reflect good faith estimates by 
        the State and the revision is otherwise in compliance 
        with such Act. If, within such 120-day period, the 
        State submits to the Administrator proposed revisions 
        to the implementation plan, has all of the statutory 
        authority necessary to implement the revisions, and has 
        proposed a regulation to make the revisions, the 
        Administrator may approve the revisions without regard 
        to whether or not such regulation has been issued as a 
        final regulation by the State.
            (2) Expiration of interim approval.--The interim 
        approval shall expire on the earlier of (A) the last 
        day of the 18-month period beginning on the date of the 
        interim approval, or (B) the date of final approval. 
        The interim approval may not be extended.
            (3) Final approval.--The Administrator shall grant 
        final approval of the revision based on the credits 
        proposed by the State during or after the period of 
        interim approval if data collected on the operation of 
        the State program demonstrates that the credits are 
        appropriate and the revision is otherwise in compliance 
        with the Clean Air Act.
            (4) Basis of approval; no automatic discount.--Any 
        determination with respect to interim or full approval 
        shall be based on the elements of the program and shall 
        not apply any automatic discount because the program is 
        decentralized or a test-and-repair program.

SEC. 349. ROADS ON FEDERAL LANDS.

    (a) Moratorium.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, no agency of the Federal Government 
        may take any action to prepare, promulgate, or 
        implement any rule or regulation addressing rights-of-
        way authorized pursuant to section 2477 of the Revised 
        Statutes (43 U.S.C. 932), as such section was in effect 
        before October 21, 1976.
            (2) Sunset.--This subsection shall not be effective 
        after September 30, 1996.
    (b) Requirement of Transfer of County Road Corridors.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) County road corridor.--The term 
                ``county road corridor'' means a corridor that 
                is comprised of--
                            (i) a Shenandoah county road; and
                            (ii) land contiguous to the road 
                        that is selected by the Secretary of 
                        the Interior, in consultation with the 
                        Governor of the State of Virginia, such 
                        that the width of the corridor is 50 
                        feet.
                    (B) Shenandoah county road.--The term 
                ``Shenandoah county road'' means the portion of 
                any of the following roads that is located in 
                the Shenandoah National Park and that has been 
                in general use as a public roadway prior to the 
                date of the enactment of this Act:
                            (i) Madison County Route 600.
                            (ii) Rockingham County Route 624.
                            (iii) Rockingham County Route 625.
                            (iv) Rockingham County Route 626.
                            (v) Warren County Route 604.
                            (vi) Page County Route 759.
                            (vii) Page County Route 611.
                            (viii) Page County Route 682.
                            (ix) Page County Route 662.
                            (x) Augusta County Route 611.
                            (xi) Augusta County Route 619.
                            (xii) Albemarle County Route 614.
                            (xiii) Augusta County Route 661.
                            (xiv) Rockingham County Route 663.
                            (xv) Rockingham County Route 659.
                            (xvi) Page County Route 669.
                            (xvii) Rockingham County Route 661.
                            (xviii) Criser Road (to the town of 
                        Front Royal).
                            (xix) The Government-owned parcel 
                        connecting Criser Road to the Warren 
                        County School Board parcel.
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to 
        permit the State of Virginia to maintain and provide 
        for safe public use of certain roads that the State 
        donated to the United States at the time of the 
        establishment of Shenandoah National Park.
            (3) Transfer.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Interior shall transfer to the State of Virginia, 
        without consideration or reimbursement, all right, 
        title, and interest of the United States in and to each 
        county road corridor.
            (4) Reversion.--A transfer under paragraph (3) 
        shall be subject to the condition that if at any time a 
        county road corridor is withdrawn from general use as a 
        public roadway, all right, title, and interest in the 
        county road corridor shall revert to the United States.

SEC. 350. STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Cooperative agreements.--Subject to the 
        provisions of this section, the Secretary may enter 
        into cooperative agreements with not to exceed 10 
        States for the establishment of State infrastructure 
        banks and multistate infrastructure banks for making 
        loans and providing other assistance to public and 
        private entities carrying out or proposing to carry out 
        projects eligible for assistance under this section.
            (2) Interstate compacts.--Congress grants consent 
        to 2 or more of the States, entering into a cooperative 
        agreement under paragraph (1) with the Secretary for 
        the establishment of a multistate infrastructure bank, 
        to enter into an interstate compact establishing such 
        bank in accordance with this section.
    (b) Funding.--
            (1) Separate accounts.--An infrastructure bank 
        established under this section shall maintain a 
        separate highway account for Federal funds contributed 
        to the bank under paragraph (2) and a separate transit 
        account for Federal funds contributed to the bank under 
        paragraph (3). No Federal funds contributed or credited 
        to an account of an infrastructure bank established 
        under this section may be commingled with Federal funds 
        contributed or credited to any other account of such 
        bank.
            (2) Highway account.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Secretary may allow, subject to 
        subsection (g)(1), a State entering into a cooperative 
        agreement under this section to contribute not to 
        exceed--
                    (A) 10 percent of the funds apportioned to 
                the State for each of fiscal years 1996 and 
                1997 under each of sections 104(b)(1), 
                104(b)(3), 104(b)(5)(B), 144, and 160 of title 
                23, United States Code, and section 1015 of the 
                Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency 
                Act of 1991; and
                    (B) 10 percent of the funds allocated to 
                the State for each of such fiscal years under 
                each of section 157 of such title and section 
                1013(c) of such Act;

        into the highway account of the infrastructure bank 
        established by the State. Federal funds contributed to 
        such account under this paragraph shall constitute for 
        purposes of this section a capitalization grant for the 
        highway account of the infrastructure bank.
            (3) Transit account.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Secretary may allow, subject to 
        subsection (g)(1), a State entering into a cooperative 
        agreement under this section, and any other Federal 
        transit grant recipient, to contribute not to exceed 10 
        percent of the funds made available to the State or 
        other Federal transit grant recipient in each of fiscal 
        years 1996 and 1997 for capital projects under sections 
        5307, 5309, and 5311 of title 49, United States Code, 
        into the transit account of the infrastructure bank 
        established by the State. Federal funds contributed to 
        such account under this paragraph shall constitute for 
        purposes of this section a capitalization grant for the 
        transit account of the infrastructure bank.
            (4) Special rule for urbanized areas of over 
        200,000.--Funds that are apportioned or allocated to a 
        State under section 104(b)(3) or 160 of title 23, 
        United States Code, or under section 1013(c) or 1015 of 
        the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
        1991 and attributed to urbanized areas of a State with 
        an urbanized population of over 200,000 under section 
        133(d)(3) of such title may be used to provide 
        assistance with respect to a project only if the 
        metropolitan planning organization designated for such 
        area concurs, in writing, with the provision of such 
        assistance.
    (c) Forms of Assistance From Infrastructure Banks.--An 
infrastructure bank established under this section may make 
loans or provide other assistance to a public or private entity 
in an amount equal to all or part of the cost of carrying out a 
project eligible for assistance under this section. The amount 
of any loan or other assistance provided for such project may 
be subordinated to any other debt financing for the project. 
Initial assistance provided with respect to a project from 
Federal funds contributed to an infrastructure bank under this 
section may not be made in the form of a grant.
    (d) Qualifying Projects.--Federal funds in the highway 
account of an infrastructure bank established under this 
section may be used only to provide assistance with respect to 
construction of Federal-aid highways. Federal funds in the 
transit account of such bank may be used only to provide 
assistance with respect to capital projects.
    (e) Infrastructure Bank Requirements.--In order to 
establish an infrastructure bank under this section, each State 
establishing the bank shall--
            (1) contribute, at a minimum, in each account of 
        the bank from non-Federal sources an amount equal to 25 
        percent of the amount of each capitalization grant made 
        to the State and contributed to the bank; except that 
        if the contribution is into the highway account of the 
        bank and the State has a lower non-Federal share under 
        section 120(b) of title 23, United States Code, such 
        percentage shall be adjusted by the Secretary to 
        correspond with such lower non-Federal share;
            (2) ensure that the bank maintains on a continuing 
        basis an investment grade rating on its debt issuances 
        or has a sufficient level of bond or debt financing 
        instrument insurance to maintain the viability of the 
        bank;
            (3) ensure that investment income generated by 
        funds contributed to an account of the bank will be--
                    (A) credited to the account;
                    (B) available for use in providing loans 
                and other assistance to projects eligible for 
                assistance from the account; and
                    (C) invested in United States Treasury 
                securities, bank deposits, or such other 
                financing instruments as the Secretary may 
                approve to earn interest to enhance the 
                leveraging of projects assisted by the bank;
            (4) provide that the repayment of a loan or other 
        assistance from an account of the bank under this 
        section shall be consistent with the repayment 
        provisions of section 129(a)(7) of title 23, United 
        States Code, except to the extent the Secretary 
        determines that such provisions are not consistent with 
        this section;
            (5) ensure that any loan from the bank will bear 
        interest at or below market interest rates, as 
        determined by the State, to make the project that is 
        the subject of the loan feasible;
            (6) ensure that repayment of any loan from the bank 
        will commence not later than 5 years after the project 
        has been completed or, in the case of a highway 
        project, the facility has opened to traffic, whichever 
        is later;
            (7) ensure that the term for repaying any loan will 
        not exceed 30 years after the date of the first payment 
        on the loan under paragraph (6); and
            (8) require the bank to make an annual report to 
        the Secretary on its status no later than September 30, 
        1996, and September 30, 1997, and to make such other 
        reports as the Secretary may require by guidelines.
    (f) Limitation on Repayments.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the repayment of a loan or other assistance 
provided from an infrastructure bank under this section may not 
be credited towards the non-Federal share of the cost of any 
project.
    (g) Secretarial Requirements.--In administering this 
section, the Secretary shall--
            (1) ensure that Federal disbursements shall be at a 
        rate consistent with historic rates for the Federal-aid 
        highway program and the Federal transit program, 
        respectively;
            (2) issue guidelines to ensure that all 
        requirements of title 23, United States Code, or title 
        49, United States Code, that would otherwise apply to 
        funds made available under such title and projects 
        assisted with such funds apply to--
                    (A) funds made available under such title 
                and contributed to an infrastructure bank 
                established under this section; and
                    (B) projects assisted by the bank through 
                the use of such funds;

        except to the extent that the Secretary determines that 
        any requirement of such title is not consistent with 
        the objectives of this section; and
            (3) specify procedures and guidelines for 
        establishing, operating, and providing assistance from 
        the bank.
    (h) United States Not Obligated.--The contribution of 
Federal funds into an infrastructure bank established under 
this section shall not be construed as a commitment, guarantee, 
or obligation on the part of the United States to any third 
party, nor shall any third party have any right against the 
United States for payment solely by virtue of the contribution. 
Any security or debt financing instrument issued by the 
infrastructure bank shall expressly state that the security or 
instrument does not constitute a commitment, guarantee, or 
obligation of the United States.
    (i) Management of Federal Funds.--Sections 3335 and 6503 of 
title 31, United States Code, shall not apply to funds 
contributed under this section.
    (j) Program Administration.--For each of fiscal years 1996 
and 1997, a State may expend not to exceed 2 percent of the 
Federal funds contributed to an infrastructure bank established 
by the State under this section to pay the reasonable costs of 
administering the bank.
    (k) Secretarial Review.--The Secretary shall review the 
financial condition of each infrastructure bank established 
under this section and transmit to Congress a report on the 
results of such review not later than March 1, 1997. In 
addition, the report shall contain--
            (1) an evaluation of the pilot program conducted 
        under this section and the ability of such program to 
        increase public investment and attract non-Federal 
        capital; and
            (2) recommendations of the Secretary as to whether 
        the program should be expanded or made a part of the 
        Federal-aid highway and transit programs.
    (l) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
definitions apply:
            (1) Capital project.--The term ``capital project'' 
        has the meaning such term has under section 5302 of 
        title 49, United States Code.
            (2) Construction; federal-aid highway.--The terms 
        ``construction'' and ``Federal-aid highway'' have the 
        meanings such terms have under section 101 of title 23, 
        United States Code.
            (3) Other assistance.--The term ``other 
        assistance'' includes any use of funds in an 
        infrastructure bank--
                    (A) to provide credit enhancements;
                    (B) to serve as a capital reserve for bond 
                or debt instrument financing;
                    (C) to subsidize interest rates;
                    (D) to ensure the issuance of letters of 
                credit and credit instruments;
                    (E) to finance purchase and lease 
                agreements with respect to transit projects;
                    (F) to provide bond or debt financing 
                instrument security; and
                    (G) to provide other forms of debt 
                financing and methods of leveraging funds that 
                are approved by the Secretary and that relate 
                to the project with respect to which such 
                assistance is being provided.
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning such 
        term has under section 101 of title 23, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 351. RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSING SAFETY.

    (a) Intelligent Transportation Systems.--In implementing 
the Intelligent Transportation Systems Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 
307 note; 105 Stat. 2189-2195), the Secretary shall ensure that 
the national intelligent transportation systems program 
addresses, in a comprehensive and coordinated manner, the use 
of intelligent transportation technologies to promote safety at 
railroad-highway grade crossings. The Secretary shall ensure 
that 2 or more operational tests funded under such Act are 
designed to promote highway traffic safety and railroad safety.
    (b) Safety Enforcement.--
            (1) Cooperation between federal and state 
        agencies.--The National Highway Traffic Safety 
        Administration and the Office of Motor Carriers within 
        the Federal Highway Administration shall cooperate and 
        work, on a continuing basis, with the National 
        Association of Governors' Highway Safety 
        Representatives, the Commercial Vehicle Safety 
        Alliance, and Operation Lifesaver, Inc., to improve 
        compliance with and enforcement of laws and regulations 
        pertaining to railroad-highway grade crossings.
            (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 1998, the 
        Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
        indicating--
                    (A) how the Department of Transportation 
                worked with the entities referred to paragraph 
                (1) to improve the awareness of the highway and 
                commercial vehicle safety and law enforcement 
                communities of regulations and safety 
                challenges at railroad-highway grade crossings; 
                and
                    (B) how resources are being allocated to 
                better address these challenges and enforce 
                such regulations.
    (c) Federal-State Partnership.--
            (1) Statement of policy.--
                    (A) Hazards to safety.--Certain railroad-
                highway grade crossings present inherent 
                hazards to the safety of railroad operations 
                and to the safety of persons using those 
                crossings. It is in the public interest--
                            (i) to promote grade crossing 
                        safety and reduce risk at high risk 
                        railroad-highway grade crossings; and
                            (ii) to reduce the number of grade 
                        crossings while maintaining the 
                        reasonable mobility of the American 
                        people and their property, including 
                        emergency access.
                    (B) Effective programs.--Effective programs 
                to reduce the number of unneeded and unsafe 
                railroad-highway grade crossings require the 
                partnership of Federal, State, and local 
                officials and agencies, and affected railroads.
                    (C) Highway planning.--Promotion of a 
                balanced national transportation system 
                requires that highway planning specifically 
                take into consideration grade crossing safety.
            (2) Partnership and oversight.--The Secretary shall 
        encourage each State to make progress toward 
        achievement of the purposes of this subsection.

SEC. 352. COLLECTION OF BRIDGE TOLLS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, tolls collected 
for motor vehicles on any bridge connecting the boroughs of 
Brooklyn, New York, and Staten Island, New York, shall continue 
to be collected for only those vehicles exiting from such 
bridge in Staten Island.

SEC. 353. TRAFFIC CONTROL.

    (a) Signs.--Traffic control signs referred to in the 
experimental project conducted in the State of Oregon in 
December 1991 shall be deemed to comply with the requirements 
of section 2B-4 of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control 
Devices of the Department of Transportation.
    (b) Stripes.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a 
red, white, and blue center line in the Main Street of Bristol, 
Rhode Island, shall be deemed to comply with the requirements 
of section 3B-1 of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control 
Devices of the Department of Transportation.

SEC. 354. PUBLIC USE OF REST AREAS.

    Notwithstanding section 111 of title 23, United States 
Code, or any project agreement under such section, the 
Secretary shall permit the conversion of any safety rest area 
adjacent to Interstate Route 95 within the State of Rhode 
Island that was closed as of May 1, 1995, to use as a motor 
vehicle emissions testing facility. At the option of the State, 
vehicles shall be permitted to enter and exit any such testing 
facility directly from Interstate Route 95.

SEC. 355. SAFETY BELT USE LAW REQUIREMENTS FOR NEW HAMPSHIRE AND MAINE.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of this section and section 
153 of title 23, United States Code, the States of New 
Hampshire and Maine shall each be treated as having in effect a 
State law described in subsection (a)(2) of such section and as 
having achieved a rate of compliance with the State law 
required by subsections (f)(2) and (f)(3) of such section upon 
certification by the Secretary that the State has achieved--
            (1) a safety belt use rate in each of fiscal years 
        1995 and 1996, of not less than 50 percent; and
            (2) a safety belt use rate in each fiscal year 
        thereafter of not less than the national average safety 
        belt use rate, as determined by the Secretary.
    (b) Retroactive Applicability.--
            (1) Effective date.--Subsection (a) shall take 
        effect September 30, 1995.
            (2) Treatment of continuance of safety belt use 
        law.--If the State of New Hampshire or Maine continues 
        in effect a law described in subsection (a)(2) of 
        section 153 of title 23, United States Code, within 60 
        days after the date of the enactment of this section, 
        the State shall be treated, for purposes of this 
        section and such section, as having in effect a State 
        law described in such subsection on September 30, 1995.
    (c) Reservation of Apportionment Pending Certification.--
If, at any time in a fiscal year beginning after September 30, 
1994, the State of New Hampshire or Maine does not have in 
effect a law described in subsection (a)(2) of section 153 of 
title 23, United States Code, the Secretary shall reserve 3 
percent of the funds to be apportioned to the State for the 
succeeding fiscal year, under each of subsections (b)(1), 
(b)(2), and (b)(3) of section 104 of such title, if the 
Secretary has not certified, in accordance with subsection (a) 
of this section, that the State has achieved the applicable 
safety belt use rate.
    (d) Effect on Noncertification.--If, at the end of the 
fiscal year in which the funds are reserved under subsection 
(c), the Secretary has not certified, in accordance with 
subsection (a), that the State of New Hampshire or Maine 
achieved the applicable safety belt use rate, the Secretary 
shall transfer the funds reserved from the State under 
subsection (c) to the apportionment of the State under section 
402 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 356. ORANGE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, TOLL ROADS.

    (a) Modification of Agreement.--The Secretary shall enter 
into an agreement modifying the agreement entered into pursuant 
to section 339 of the Department of Transportation and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (106 Stat. 1552) to conform 
such agreement to the provisions of section 336 of the 
Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1995 (108 Stat. 2495).
    (b) Limitation on Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to change the amount of the 
appropriation made by section 339 of the Department of 
Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 
(106 Stat. 1552), and the line of credit provided for shall not 
exceed an amount supported by such appropriation.
    (c) Higher Interest Rate.--In implementing sections 336 and 
339 referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary may enter into 
an agreement requiring an interest rate that is higher than the 
rate specified in such sections.

SEC. 357. COMPILATION OF TITLE 23, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) Legislative Proposal.--The Secretary shall, by March 
31, 1997, prepare and submit to Congress a draft legislative 
proposal of necessary technical and conforming amendments to 
title 23, United States Code, and related laws.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1066 of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2006) 
is repealed.

SEC. 358. SAFETY RESEARCH INITIATIVES.

    (a) Older Drivers and Other Special Driver Groups.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study of 
        technologies and practices to improve the driving 
        performance of older drivers and other special driver 
        groups.
            (2) Demonstration activities.--In conducting the 
        study under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        undertake demonstration activities that incorporate and 
        build upon gerontology research related to the study of 
        the normal aging process. The Secretary shall initially 
        implement such activities in those States that have the 
        highest population of aging citizens for whom driving a 
        motor vehicle is their primary mobility mode.
            (3) Cooperative agreement.--The Secretary shall 
        conduct the study under paragraph (1) by entering into 
        a cooperative agreement with an institution that has 
        demonstrated competencies in gerontological research, 
        population demographics, human factors related to 
        transportation, and advanced technology applied to 
        transportation.
    (b) Work Zone Safety.--In carrying out the work zone safety 
program under section 1051 of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 401 note; 105 
Stat. 2001), the Secretary shall utilize a variety of methods 
to increase safety at highway construction sites, including 
each of the following:
            (1) Conducting conferences to explore new 
        techniques and stimulate dialogue for improving work 
        zone safety.
            (2) Establishing a national clearinghouse to 
        assemble and disseminate, by electronic and other 
        means, information relating to the improvement of work 
        zone safety.
            (3) Conducting a national promotional campaign in 
        cooperation with the States to provide timely, site-
        specific information to motorists when construction 
        workers are actually present.
            (4) Encouraging the use of enforceable speed limits 
        in work zones.
            (5) Developing training programs for work site 
        designers and construction workers to promote safe work 
        zone practices.
            (6) Encouraging the use of unit price bid items in 
        contracts for traffic control devices and 
        implementation of traffic control plans.
    (c) Radio and Microwave Technology for Motor Vehicle Safety 
Warning System.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Federal Communications Commission and the National 
        Telecommunications and Information Administration, 
        shall conduct a study to develop and evaluate radio and 
        microwave technology for a motor vehicle safety warning 
        system in furtherance of safety in all types of motor 
        vehicles.
            (2) Equipment.--Equipment developed under the study 
        shall be directed toward, but not limited to, advance 
        warning to operators of all types of motor vehicles 
        of--
                    (A) temporary obstructions in a highway;
                    (B) poor visibility and highway surface 
                conditions caused by adverse weather; and
                    (C) movement of emergency vehicles.
            (3) Safety applications.--In conducting the study, 
        the Secretary shall determine whether the technology 
        described in this subsection has other appropriate 
        safety applications.
    (d) Effectiveness of Drunk Driving Laws.--The Secretary 
shall conduct a study to evaluate the effectiveness on reducing 
drunk driving and appropriateness of laws enacted in the States 
which allow a health care provider who treats an individual 
involved in a vehicular accident to report the blood alcohol 
level, if known, of such individual to the local law 
enforcement agency which has jurisdiction over the accident 
site if the blood alcohol concentration level exceeds the 
maximum level permitted under State law.

SEC. 359. MISCELLANEOUS STUDIES.

    (a) Pan American Highway.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on 
        the adequacy of and the need for improvements to the 
        Pan American Highway.
            (2) Elements.--The study shall include, at a 
        minimum, the following elements:
                    (A) Findings on the benefits of 
                constructing a highway at Darien Gap, Panama 
                and Colombia.
                    (B) Recommendations for a self-financing 
                arrangement for completion and maintenance of 
                the Pan American Highway.
                    (C) Recommendations for establishing a Pan 
                American highway authority to monitor 
                financing, construction, maintenance, and 
                operations of the Pan American Highway.
                    (D) Findings on the benefits to trade and 
                prosperity of a more efficient Pan American 
                Highway.
                    (E) Findings on the benefits to United 
                States industry resulting from the use of 
                United States technology and equipment in 
                construction of improvements to the Pan 
                American Highway.
                    (F) Findings on environmental 
                considerations, including environmental 
                considerations relating to Darien Gap.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        transmit to Congress a report on the results of the 
        study.
    (b) Highway Signs for National Highway System.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study to 
        determine the cost, need, and efficacy of establishing 
        a highway sign for identifying routes on the National 
        Highway System. In conducting the study, the Secretary 
        shall make a determination concerning whether to 
        identify National Highway System route numbers.
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 1997, the 
        Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the 
        results of the study.
    (c) Compliance With Buy American Act.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on 
        compliance with the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a-
        10c) with respect to contracts entered into using 
        amounts made available from the Highway Trust Fund.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        transmit to Congress a report on the results of the 
        study.
    (d) Magnetic Levitation.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study 
        evaluating the near-term applications of magnetic 
        levitation ground transportation technology in the 
        United States, with particular emphasis in identifying 
        projects which would warrant immediate application of 
        such technology. The study shall also evaluate the use 
        of innovative financial techniques for the construction 
        and operation of such projects.
            (2) Elements.--The study shall be undertaken in 
        consultation with a committee of 8 persons chosen by 
        the Secretary with appropriate backgrounds in magnetic 
        levitation transportation, design and construction, 
        public and private finance, and infrastructure policy 
        disciplines. The chairperson of the committee shall be 
        elected by the members.
            (3) Report.--Not later than September 30, 1996, the 
        Secretary shall transmit to the President and Congress 
        a report on the results of the study.

                TITLE IV--WOODROW WILSON MEMORIAL BRIDGE

SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Woodrow Wilson Memorial 
Bridge Authority Act of 1995''.

SEC. 402. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) traffic congestion imposes serious economic 
        burdens on the metropolitan Washington, D.C., area, 
        costing each commuter an estimated $1,000 per year;
            (2) the volume of traffic in the metropolitan 
        Washington, D.C., area is expected to increase by more 
        than 70 percent between 1990 and 2020;
            (3) the deterioration of the Woodrow Wilson 
        Memorial Bridge and the growing population of the 
        metropolitan Washington, D.C., area contribute 
        significantly to traffic congestion;
            (4) the Bridge serves as a vital link in the 
        Interstate System and in the Northeast corridor;
            (5) identifying alternative methods for maintaining 
        this vital link of the Interstate System is critical to 
        addressing the traffic congestion of the area;
            (6) the Bridge is--
                    (A) the only drawbridge in the metropolitan 
                Washington, D.C., area on the Interstate 
                System;
                    (B) the only segment of the Capital Beltway 
                with only 6 lanes; and
                    (C) the only segment of the Capital Beltway 
                with a remaining expected life of less than 10 
                years;
            (7) the Bridge is the only part of the Interstate 
        System owned by the Federal Government;
            (8)(A) the Bridge was constructed by the Federal 
        Government;
            (B) prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Federal Government has contributed 100 percent of 
        the cost of building and rehabilitating the Bridge; and
            (C) the Federal Government has a continuing 
        responsibility to fund future costs associated with the 
        upgrading of the Interstate Route 95 crossing, 
        including the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the 
        Bridge;
            (9) the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Coordination 
        Committee is undertaking planning studies pertaining to 
        the Bridge, consistent with the National Environmental 
        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and other 
        applicable Federal laws;
            (10) the transfer of ownership of the Bridge to a 
        regional entity under the terms and conditions 
        described in this title would foster regional 
        transportation planning efforts to identify solutions 
        to the growing problem of traffic congestion on and 
        around the Bridge;
            (11) any material change to the Bridge must take 
        into account the interests of nearby communities, the 
        commuting public, Federal, State, and local government 
        organizations, and other affected groups; and
            (12) a commission of congressional, State, and 
        local officials and transportation representatives has 
        recommended to the Secretary that the Bridge be 
        transferred to an independent authority to be 
        established by the Capital Region jurisdictions.

SEC. 403. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are--
            (1) to grant consent to the Commonwealth of 
        Virginia, the State of Maryland, and the District of 
        Columbia to establish by interstate agreement or 
        compact the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority;
            (2) to authorize the transfer of ownership of the 
        Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge to the Authority for the 
        purposes of owning, constructing, maintaining, and 
        operating a bridge or tunnel or a bridge and tunnel 
        project across the Potomac River; and
            (3) to direct the Secretary to continue working 
        with the parties that comprise the Woodrow Wilson 
        Memorial Bridge Coordination Committee to complete all 
        planning, preliminary engineering and design, 
        environmental studies and documentation, and final 
        engineering, and to submit a proposed agreement to 
        Congress by October 1, 1996, that specifies the 
        selected alternative, implementation schedule, and 
        costs of the Project and the Federal share of the costs 
        of the activities to be carried out as part of the 
        Project.

SEC. 404. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Authority.--The term ``Authority'' means the 
        Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority established 
        under section 405.
            (2) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the board of 
        directors of the Authority established under section 
        406.
            (3) Bridge.--The term ``Bridge'' means the Woodrow 
        Wilson Memorial Bridge across the Potomac River, 
        including approaches thereto.
            (4) Capital region jurisdiction.--The term 
        ``Capital Region jurisdiction'' means--
                    (A) the Commonwealth of Virginia;
                    (B) the State of Maryland; and
                    (C) the District of Columbia.
            (5) Project.--The term ``Project'' means the 
        upgrading of the Interstate Route 95 Potomac River 
        crossing, consistent with the selected alternative to 
        be determined under section 407. Such term shall 
        include ongoing short-term rehabilitation and repairs 
        to the Bridge and may include 1 or more of the 
        following:
                    (A) Construction of a new bridge or bridges 
                in the vicinity of the Bridge.
                    (B) Construction of a tunnel in the 
                vicinity of the Bridge.
                    (C) Long-term rehabilitation or 
                reconstruction of the Bridge.
                    (D) Work necessary to provide rights-of-way 
                for a rail or bus transit facility or bus or 
                high occupancy vehicle lanes in connection with 
                an activity described in subparagraph (A), (B), 
                or (C).
                    (E) Work on Interstate Route 95 approaching 
                the Bridge and other approach roadways if 
                necessitated by an activity described in 
                subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).
                    (F) Construction or acquisition of any 
                building, improvement, addition, extension, 
                replacement, appurtenance, land, interest in 
                land, water right, air right, machinery, 
                equipment, furnishing, landscaping, easement, 
                utility, approach, roadway, or other facility 
                that is necessary or desirable in connection 
                with or incidental to a facility described in 
                subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).
            (6) Signatory.--The term ``Signatory'' means any 
        political jurisdiction that enters into the interstate 
        agreement or compact that establishes the Authority.
            (7) Woodrow wilson memorial bridge coordination 
        committee.--The term ``Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
        Coordination Committee'' means the Woodrow Wilson 
        Memorial Bridge Coordination Committee established and 
        chaired by the Federal Highway Administration and 
        comprised of representatives of Federal, State, and 
        local governments.

SEC. 405. ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORITY.

    (a) Consent to Interstate Agreement.--Congress grants 
consent to the Capital Region jurisdictions to enter into an 
interstate agreement or compact to establish the Authority and 
to designate the governance, powers, and duties of the 
Authority. The Authority shall be a non-Federal entity 
designated by the interstate agreement or compact.
    (b) Establishment of Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Upon execution of the interstate 
        agreement or compact described in subsection (a) and an 
        agreement between the Secretary and the Signatories as 
        to the Federal share of the cost of the Project and the 
        terms and conditions related to the timing of the 
        transfer of the Bridge to the Authority as provided in 
        section 407(c), the Authority shall be considered to be 
        established for purposes of subsection (c).
            (2) General powers.--The Authority shall be a body 
        corporate and politic, and an instrumentality of each 
        of the Capital Region jurisdictions, having the powers 
        and jurisdiction described in this title and such 
        additional powers as are conferred on the Authority by 
        the Capital Region jurisdictions, to the extent that 
        the additional powers are consistent with this title.
    (c) Purposes of Authority.--The Authority shall be 
established--
            (1) to assume ownership of the Bridge; and
            (2) to undertake the Project.

SEC. 406. GOVERNMENT OF AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--The Authority shall be governed in 
accordance with this section and with the terms of any 
interstate agreement or compact relating to the Authority that 
is consistent with this title.
    (b) Board.--The Authority shall be governed by a board of 
directors consisting of not more than 12 members appointed by 
the Capital Region jurisdictions and 1 member appointed by the 
Secretary.
    (c) Qualifications.--At least 2 members of the Board shall 
be elected officials each of whom represents a political 
subdivision that has jurisdiction over the area at an end of 
the Project crossing.
    (d) Failure To Appoint.--The failure of a Capital Region 
jurisdiction to appoint 1 or more members of the Board shall 
not impair the establishment of the Authority if the condition 
of the establishment described in section 405(b)(1) has been 
met.
    (e) Personal Liability of Members.--A member of the Board, 
including any nonvoting member, shall not be personally liable 
for--
            (1) any action taken in his or her capacity as a 
        member of the Board; or
            (2) any note, bond, or other financial obligation 
        of the Authority.
    (f) Residency Requirement.--Each member of the Board shall 
reside within a Capital Region jurisdiction.

SEC. 407. OWNERSHIP OF BRIDGE.

    (a) Conveyance by Secretary.--
            (1) In general.--After execution of the agreement 
        under subsection (c), the Secretary shall convey to the 
        Authority all right, title, and interest of the United 
        States in and to the Bridge, including such related 
        riparian rights and interests in land underneath the 
        Potomac River as are necessary to carry out the 
        Project. Except as provided in paragraph (2), upon 
        conveyance by the Secretary, the Authority shall accept 
        the right, title, and interest in and to the Bridge and 
        all duties and responsibilities associated with the 
        Bridge.
            (2) Interim responsibilities.--Until such time as 
        the Project is constructed and operational, the 
        conveyance under paragraph (1) shall not--
                    (A) relieve the Capital Region 
                jurisdictions of the sole and exclusive 
                responsibility to maintain and operate the 
                Bridge; or
                    (B) relieve the Secretary of the 
                responsibility to rehabilitate the Bridge or to 
                comply with the National Environmental Policy 
                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and all 
                other requirements applicable with respect to 
                the Bridge.
    (b) Transfers of Jurisdiction.--For the purpose of making 
the conveyance under subsection (a), the Secretary of the 
Interior and the head of any other Federal department or agency 
that has jurisdiction over land under or adjacent to the Bridge 
shall transfer such jurisdiction to the Secretary.
    (c) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The agreement referred to in 
        subsection (a) is an agreement concerning the Project 
        that is executed in accordance with this subsection.
            (2) Submission to congress.--Not later than October 
        1, 1996, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        proposed agreement between the Secretary and the 
        Signatories that specifies--
                    (A) the selected alternative, 
                implementation schedule, and costs of the 
                Project;
                    (B) the Federal share of the costs of the 
                activities to be carried out as part of the 
                Project, including, at a minimum, a 100 percent 
                Federal share of--
                            (i) the cost of the continuing 
                        rehabilitation of the Bridge until such 
                        time as the Project is constructed and 
                        operational;
                            (ii) an amount, as determined by 
                        the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
                        Coordination Committee, equivalent to 
                        the cost of replacing the Bridge with a 
                        comparable modern bridge designed 
                        according to current engineering 
                        standards; and
                            (iii) the cost of planning, 
                        preliminary engineering and design, 
                        environmental studies and 
                        documentation, and final engineering 
                        for the Project; and
                    (C) the Federal share of the cost of 
                activities to be carried out as part of the 
                project after September 30, 1997, will be 
                reduced by amounts expended by the United 
                States for activities (other than environmental 
                studies and documentation) described in 
                subparagraph (B)(iii) in fiscal years 1996 and 
                1997.
            (3) Approval and execution of agreement.--After the 
        enactment of a Federal law approving an agreement 
        described in paragraph (2), the Secretary may execute 
        the agreement.

SEC. 408. PROJECT PLANNING.

    The Secretary shall work with the Woodrow Wilson Memorial 
Bridge Coordination Committee, or with the Authority consistent 
with the purpose of the Authority, to complete, at the earliest 
possible date, planning, preliminary engineering and design, 
environmental studies and documentation, and final engineering 
for the Project, consistent with the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and other 
applicable Federal laws.

SEC. 409. ADDITIONAL POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF AUTHORITY.

    In addition to the powers and responsibilities of the 
Authority under the other provisions of this title and under 
any interstate agreement or compact relating to the Authority 
that is consistent with this title, the Authority shall have 
all powers necessary and appropriate to carry out the duties of 
the Authority, including the power--
            (1) to adopt and amend any bylaw that is necessary 
        for the regulation of the affairs of the Authority and 
        the conduct of the business of the Authority;
            (2) to adopt and amend any regulation that is 
        necessary to carry out the powers of the Authority;
            (3) subject to section 407(a)(2), to plan, 
        establish, finance, operate, develop, construct, 
        enlarge, maintain, equip, or protect the facilities of 
        the Project;
            (4) to employ, in the discretion of the Authority, 
        such personnel and agents as may be necessary to carry 
        out the purposes of the Authority (including consulting 
        engineers, attorneys, accountants, construction and 
        financial experts, superintendents, and managers) and 
        to fix the compensation and benefits of the employees 
        and agents, except that--
                    (A) an employee of the Authority shall not 
                engage in an activity described in section 
                7116(b)(7) of title 5, United States Code, with 
                respect to the Authority; and
                    (B) an employment agreement entered into by 
                the Authority shall contain an explicit 
                prohibition against an activity described in 
                subparagraph (A) with respect to the Authority 
                by an employee covered by the agreement;
            (5) to acquire personal and real property 
        (including land lying under water and riparian rights), 
        or any easement or other interest in real property, by 
        purchase, lease, gift, transfer, or exchange;
            (6) to exercise such powers of eminent domain in 
        the Capital Region jurisdictions as are conferred on 
        the Authority by the Signatories, in the exercise of 
        the powers and the performance of the duties of the 
        Authority;
            (7) to apply for and accept any property, material, 
        service, payment, appropriation, grant, gift, loan, 
        advance, or other fund that is transferred or made 
        available to the Authority by the Federal Government or 
        by any other public or private entity or individual;
            (8) to borrow money on a short-term basis and issue 
        notes of the Authority for the borrowing payable on 
        such terms and conditions as the Board considers 
        advisable, and to issue long-term or short-term bonds 
        in the discretion of the Authority for any purpose 
        consistent with this title, which notes and bonds--
                    (A) shall not constitute a debt of the 
                United States (or any political subdivision of 
                the United States), or a general obligation of 
                a Capital Region jurisdiction (or any political 
                subdivision of a Capital Region jurisdiction), 
                unless consented to by the jurisdiction or 
                political subdivision; and
                    (B) may be secured solely by the general 
                revenues of the Authority, or solely by the 
                income and revenues of the Bridge or a new 
                crossing of the Potomac River constructed as 
                part of the Project, or by other revenues in 
                the discretion of the Authority;
            (9) to fix, revise, charge, and collect any 
        reasonable toll or other charge;
            (10) to enter into any contract or agreement 
        necessary or appropriate to the performance of the 
        duties of the Authority or the proper operation of the 
        Bridge or a new crossing of the Potomac River 
        constructed as part of the Project;
            (11) to make any payment necessary to reimburse a 
        local political subdivision having jurisdiction over an 
        area where the Bridge or a new crossing of the Potomac 
        River is situated for any extraordinary law enforcement 
        cost incurred by the subdivision in connection with the 
        Authority facility;
            (12) to enter into partnerships or grant 
        concessions between the public and private sectors for 
        the purpose of--
                    (A) financing, constructing, maintaining, 
                improving, or operating the Bridge or a new 
                crossing of the Potomac River constructed as 
                part of the Project; or
                    (B) fostering development of a new 
                transportation technology;
            (13) to obtain any necessary Federal authorization, 
        permit, or approval for the construction, repair, 
        maintenance, or operation of the Bridge or a new 
        crossing of the Potomac River constructed as part of 
        the Project;
            (14) to adopt an official seal and alter the seal, 
        as the Board considers appropriate;
            (15) to appoint 1 or more advisory committees;
            (16) to sue and be sued in the name of the 
        Authority;
            (17) to carry out or contract with other entities 
        to carry out such maintenance of traffic activities 
        during construction of the Project as is considered 
        necessary by the Authority to properly manage traffic 
        and minimize congestion, such as public information 
        campaigns, improvements designed to encourage 
        appropriate use of alternative routes, use of high 
        occupancy vehicles and transit services, and deployment 
        and operation of intelligent transportation 
        technologies; and
            (18) to carry out any activity necessary or 
        appropriate to the exercise of the powers or 
        performance of the duties of the Authority under this 
        title and under any interstate agreement or compact 
        relating to the Authority that is consistent with this 
        title, if the activity is coordinated and consistent 
        with the transportation planning process implemented by 
        the metropolitan planning organization for the 
        Washington, District of Columbia, metropolitan area 
        under section 134 of title 23, United States Code, and 
        section 5303 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 410. FUNDING.

    Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, as amended by 
section 337(f) of this Act, is amended by inserting before 
subsection (j), as redesignated by such section 337(f), the 
following:
    ``(i) Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge.--
            ``(1) Expenditure.--From any available 
        administrative funds deducted under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall obligate such sums as are necessary for 
        each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 for the 
        rehabilitation of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge 
        and for environmental studies and documentation, 
        planning, preliminary engineering and design, and final 
        engineering for a new crossing of the Potomac River as 
        part of the Project, as defined by section 404 of the 
        Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority Act of 1995.
            ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
        of any project funded with amounts expended under 
        paragraph (1) shall be 100 percent.''.

SEC. 411. AVAILABILITY OF PRIOR AUTHORIZATIONS.

    In addition to the funds made available under section 
104(i) of title 23, United States Code, any funds made 
available for the rehabilitation of the Bridge under sections 
1069(i) and 1103(b) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2009 and 2028) shall continue 
to be available after the conveyance under section 407(a) of 
the Bridge, in accordance with the terms under which the funds 
were made available under such sections 1069(i) and 1103(b).
      And the House agree to the same.
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate to the title of the bill and agree to 
the same.

                                   Bud Shuster,
                                   Bill Clinger,
                                   Thomas E. Petri,
                                   Bill Emerson,
                                   Ray LaHood,
                                   James L. Oberstar,
                                   Nick Rahall,
                                   Robert A. Borski,
                As additional conferees for the consideration 
                of secs. 105 and 141 of the Senate bill, and 
                sec. 320 of the House amendment, and 
                modifications committed to conference:
                                   Tom Bliley,
                                   Michael Bilirakis,
                                   Joe Barton,
                                   James Greenwood,
                                   John D. Dingell,
                As additional conferees for the consideration 
                of sec. 157 of the Senate bill, and 
                modifications committed to conference:
                                   Don Young,
                                   James V. Hansen,
                                 Managers on the Part of the House.

                                   John Warner,
                                   John H. Chafee,
                                   Bob Smith,
                                   Dirk Kempthorne,
                                   Max Baucus,
                                   D.P. Moynihan,
                                   Harry Reid,
                                   Larry Pressler,
                                   Trent Lott,
                                Managers on the Part of the Senate.
       JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE

      The managers on the part of the House and the Senate at 
the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on 
the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 440) to amend title 
23, United States Code, to provide for the designation of the 
National Highway System, and for other purposes, submit the 
following joint statement to the House and the Senate in 
explanation of the effect of the action agreed upon by the 
managers and recommended in the accompanying conference report:
      The House amendment to the text of the bill struck all of 
the Senate bill after the enacting clause and inserted a 
substitute text.
      The Senate recedes from its disagreement to the amendment 
of the House with an amendment that is a substitute for the 
Senate bill and the House amendment. The differences between 
the Senate bill, the House amendment, and the substitute agreed 
to in conference are noted below, except for clerical 
corrections, conforming changes made necessary by agreements 
reached by the conferees, and minor drafting and clerical 
changes.

                                Purpose

      The purpose of this legislation is to designate the 
National Highway System, consisting of the National System of 
Interstate and Defense Highways and those principal arterial 
roads that are essential for interstate and regional commerce 
and travel, national defense, intermodal transfer facilities, 
and trade. This legislation also amends current surface 
transportation law to provide greater flexibility to the States 
and to reduce certain administrative burdens. Title II of the 
legislation provides relief to States due to the impact of 
Section 1003(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act. Title III makes technical and minor policy 
clarifications to current Federal-aid highway and safety 
programs. Title IV establishes a Regional Interstate 
Transportation Authority to own, construct, maintain, and 
operate a new crossing of the Potomac River on Interstate 495 
at the current location of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge.

                          Background and Need

                        National Highway System

      The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
1991 (ISTEA) requires Congress to designate the National 
Highway System (NHS) by September 30, 1995. The purpose of the 
National Highway System, as stated in ISTEA, is ``to provide an 
interconnected system of principal arterial routes which will 
serve major population centers, international border crossings, 
ports, airports, public transportation facilities, and other 
intermodal transportation facilities and other major travel 
destinations; meet national defense requirements; and serve 
interstate and regional traffic.''
      The Secretary of Transportation has transmitted to 
Congress a system map of routes to be included in the final 
NHS. The NHS as designated is comprised of approximately 
160,955 miles, 75 percent of which are rural roads, and 25 
percent of which are urban roads.
      According to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), 
the NHS carries over 40 percent of the nation's highway traffic 
and 70 percent of its truck freight traffic. The NHS represents 
4 percent of the nation's 4 million miles of public roads.
      The NHS is needed more than ever because of America's 
reliance on its transportation system. Over 90 percent of the 
U.S. population lives within 5 miles of an NHS road. Nearly 90 
percent of U.S. counties have NHS mileage running through them. 
These counties account for 99 percent of all manufacturing 
jobs, 97 percent of the mining jobs, and 93 percent of all 
farming jobs.
      The NHS approved in this Conference report is the result 
of a process involving extensive consultations between FHWA, 
the States and metropolitan planning organizations. FHWA and 
the States cooperatively developed the system based on criteria 
of efficiency, connectivity, and equity among the States. State 
and local officials were actively involved in the process, 
especially in the identification of routes.
      The FHWA determined that traffic volume, service to 
destination points, and interstate, intrastate, and 
interregional connectivity were useful indicators of 
efficiency. These indicators became the analytical criteria for 
including individual routes in the illustrative system. Another 
key element that the FHWA considered was the mileage 
distribution among the States between urban and rural areas.
      With the illustrative NHS as a starting point, the States 
submitted to the FHWA their recommended systems based on 
assigned urban and rural mileage targets. The FHWA then worked 
with the States to finalize the system. On December 9, 1993, 
the Secretary transmitted to Congress a proposed NHS based on 
its review of, and adjustments to, the State route submissions.
      Section 1006(c) of ISTEA also required the States to 
complete a functional reclassification of all public roads and 
streets and required the Secretary of Transportation to use the 
functional roads classification in preparing the NHS. 
Reclassification was important for the NHS designation process 
because it identified roads eligible for designation as NHS 
routes. Under ISTEA, only principal arterials are eligible as 
NHS routes, unless they are part of STRAHNET.
      Cooperation among the States over many years had resulted 
in generally recognized interstate and interregional routes 
that connected across State borders. In cases where 
inconsistencies existed, FHWA consulted with the States and 
made determinations of routes to be included based on 
consideration such as traffic volume, connectivity and service 
to destinations as well as inclusion of routes in existing 
State long range plans.

                    TITLE I--NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

Senate bill

      The Senate bill approves the most recent National Highway 
System (NHS), submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
Transportation. The Senate bill provides that the Secretary may 
at the request of a State add a new route segment to the NHS or 
delete an existing route segment and any connection to the 
route segment, as long as the segment or connection is within 
the jurisdiction of the requesting State and the total mileage 
of the NHS, including any route segment or connection proposed 
to be added, does not exceed 165,000 miles. The provision also 
specifies that if a State requests a modification to the NHS as 
adopted by Congress, the State must work in cooperation with 
local officials. This cooperative process between the State and 
local officials will be carried out under the existing 
transportation planning activities for metropolitan areas and 
the statewide planning process established under ISTEA. The 
Senate bill provides that Congress will not approve or 
disapprove any modifications made to the NHS subsequent to 
enactment of this legislation. The Secretary should instead 
work in cooperation with the State and local officials in 
considering modifications.

House amendment

      The House amendment approves the most recent NHS 
submitted to Congress by the Secretary. The provision requires 
that future modifications must be approved by Congress. Not 
later than 180 days after the enactment of the NHS bill, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress the proposed modifications 
to the National Highway System, including connections to 
intermodal transportation facilities and upon completion of 
feasibility studies, the routings of high priority corridors 
not already on the NHS. The House provision makes connections 
to intermodal facilities that are consistent with the 
Secretary's criteria eligible to receive NHS funds until 
Congress modifies the NHS to include connections to intermodal 
facilities. The House amendment continues current law as to 
total mileage allowed on the NHS. The mileage of highways on 
the NHS shall not exceed 155,000 miles; except that the 
Secretary may increase or decrease the maximum mileage by not 
more than 15 percent.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute incorporates selected 
provisions of the Senate bill with selected provisions of the 
House amendment. Future modifications (other than intermodal 
connectors) to the NHS will be approved by the Secretary and 
will not require Congressional approval. The Conference 
substitute continues current law on the total mileage of 
highways allowed on the NHS. The Conference substitute allows 
for a one time Congressional approval for intermodal 
connectors. When approving future connectors, the Secretary, in 
considering whether a facility is a major facility, is to 
recognize the significance of the intermodal terminal within a 
State or any plans that the States, Metropolitan Planning 
Organizations (MPOs) or others may have for improving the 
access to the intermodal terminal.
      A connector that is determined to be significant by the 
State, MPOs and local officials, and proposed to be included in 
the NHS, is to be given priority consideration by the 
Secretary.
      Intermodal connectors on the NHS are eligible for NHS 
funds. No additional Federal designs or performance standards 
or funding set asides are to be applied to NHS connectors.
      After this one time approval, future intermodal 
connectors will be approved by the Secretary, not Congress. The 
Conference substitute adopts the House provision on interim 
eligibility of NHS funds for intermodal connectors prior to 
approval of the connectors by the Congress.

              TITLE II--TRANSPORTATION FUNDING FLEXIBILITY

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision 
regarding section 1003(c) of ISTEA.
      The Senate bill contains several provisions that provide 
States relief from Federal mandates.
      Section 117 of the Senate bill strikes the current 
provision requiring States to certify they are implementing the 
management systems and related penalty provisions and inserts a 
new provision that gives States the option to elect not to 
implement one or more of the systems or parts thereof. The 
Secretary is still required to issue regulations and submit 
annual reports to Congress on the status of implementation of 
the systems and is required to issue an additional report with 
recommendations on whether, and to what extent, the systems 
should be implemented.
      Section 106 repeals the requirements and penalty 
provisions for the use of crumb rubber in asphalt pavement.
      Section 120 provides that, notwithstanding any 
requirements of the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, no State is 
required to erect or modify any highway signs that establish 
speed limit, distance, or other measurements using the metric 
system. Section 120 enables States to request a waiver, until 
September 30, 2000, of any requirement that a State use or plan 
to use the metric system with respect to designing, preparing 
plans, specifications and estimates, advertising, or taking any 
other action with respect to Federal-aid highway projects or 
activities.
      Section 115 of the Senate bill repeals the national 
maximum speed limit for non-commercial motor vehicles.
      Section 142 repeals the penalty for noncompliance for 
motorcycle helmets.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains several provisions that 
provide additional funding and flexibility to the States to 
remediate the 13 percent reduction in FY96 budget authority 
forced by section 1003(c) of ISTEA.
      Section 203 creates a State High Priority Project 
Restoration Program for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 and sets out 
the eligibility use of such funds. Funds may be spent on any 
purpose eligible under title 23. This program redistributes 
funds from rescissions of previously apportioned or allocated 
budget authority.
      It provides that there are authorized to be appropriated, 
out of the Highway Trust Fund, (other than the Mass Transit 
Account), to carry out this section $321,420,595 for fiscal 
year 1996 and $155,000,000 for fiscal year 1997. These funds 
are derived from rescissions of budget authority previously 
made available.
      Section 204 rescinds funds from previously authorized 
projects that are no longer viable and from unobligated 
balances of funds derived from the Highway Trust Fund and 
reduces the authorized funding levels for certain programs 
funded from the Highway Trust Fund for fiscal years 1996 and 
1997. It provides that certain funds made available for fiscal 
years 1996 and 1997, shall be transferred to carry out section 
203.
      Section 205 provides States additional flexibility to 
spend some of their unobligated balances on their highest 
surface transportation priorities in an amount equal to the net 
amount of the reduction in budget authority each State shall 
receive as a result of section 1003(c). In determining the net 
amount of each State's reduction, the Secretary shall deduct 
the amounts allocated to each State in fiscal year 1996 
pursuant to the High Priority Project Restoration Program in 
section 203 of this Act, and any amounts made available to the 
States pursuant to Section 157(a)(4)(B)(iii) of title 23.
      Subsection (c) of this section directs that funds 
allocated to urbanized areas with a population of over 200,000 
shall be obligated in such areas unless the Metropolitan 
Planning Organization designated in such area concurs that the 
State may transfer such funds out of such urbanized area. 
Subsection (d) permits a State to designate for transfer up to 
one-third of funds apportioned or allocated to the State for 
Interstate Construction and not obligated as of September 30, 
1995. Subsection (e) provides that unobligated balances of 
funds apportioned to the States under the Congestion Mitigation 
and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) may be transferred by a State 
under section 203 but such funds must be obligated in non-
attainment areas as defined by the Clean Air Act.
      Subsection (f) provides that the funds made available to 
carry out this section shall be available for obligation for 
four fiscal years and shall be subject to the provisions of 
title 23.
      Section 206 clarifies the method of distribution of funds 
made available under the minimum allocation program in fiscal 
years 1996 and 1997. It provides that if the amounts authorized 
to be made available for minimum allocation exceed the amounts 
required to be distributed by ISTEA to the States under the 
minimum allocation program, then any additional amounts shall 
be distributed first to each State in such amount as may be 
necessary so that such State receives the full amount of 
minimum allocation that would have been allocated to such State 
without the application of section 1003(c). If any excess funds 
remain, then the excess funds would next be distributed to each 
State in the amount necessary for each State to receive the 
full amount authorized for projects authorized in ISTEA that 
would have been allocated without the application of section 
1003(c). If any excess funds remain after this distribution, 
then such funds shall be allocated to each State in the final 
ISTEA percentages.
      The House amendment also contains several provisions that 
provide the States relief from Federal mandates.
      Section 207 repeals the crumb rubber mandate and directs 
the Secretary not to penalize States for failure to implement 
management systems during FY96.
      Section 324 of the House amendment prohibits the 
Secretary from requiring the States to expend Federal or State 
funds to construct, modify or erect or otherwise place any sign 
relating to distance, or other measurements to establish the 
use of the metric system on highways signs before September 30, 
1997.
      Section 348 repeals the national maximum speed limit and 
all related enforcement requirements for all motor vehicles.
      Section 349 is identical to the Senate provision that 
repeals the penalty for noncompliance for motorcycle helmets.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute modifies the House bill related 
to section 1003(c) of ISTEA. The House provision to create a 
State High Priority Project Restoration Program is eliminated. 
The Conference substitute modifies the rescissions of 
previously apportioned or allocated budget authority. As a 
result of the modifications, $153,000,000 is provided in FY96 
and 97 for distribution to all States.
      The Conference substitute also modifies the House 
unobligated balance flexibility provisions. A State may not 
designate unobligated CMAQ or STP Transportation Enhancement 
funds for uses under this section, unless the Secretary 
determines that there would not otherwise be sufficient funding 
available to pay the Federal share of a project in FY96 and 
that the State has exhausted all flexibility and 
transferability to it under this section for such project.
      The House recedes to the Senate on the provisions 
relating to the suspension of management systems.
      The Conference substitute adopts the repeal of crumb 
rubber requirements and penalties.
      The Conference substitute adopts the Senate provision on 
metric requirements and signs, as modified.
      The Senate recedes to the House provision repealing the 
national maximum speed limit with a modification to provide 
that the Federal repeal takes effect 10 days after the date of 
enactment. During this period, a Governor may provide a period 
of time for the state legislature to meet the consider whether 
to revise the state law regarding speed limits. If the Governor 
does not take action, the provision takes effect 10 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act.
      The conference substitute adopts the identical provision 
that repeals the penalty for noncompliance for motorcycle 
helmets and ensures that it is effective September 30, 1995. No 
State is to be penalized for lack of a motorcycle helmet law in 
FY96. States shall be permitted to return to highway 
construction accounts any funds that were transferred to 
Section 402 safety programs as a result of the Section 153 
penalty for FY96.
      States experiencing significant rail safety problems are 
urged to continue obligating these funds for railway-highway 
grade crossing improvement and hazard elimination projects as 
provided under section 130 of title 23.
      The Secretary, in consultation with the State of 
California, is urged to give priority consideration to a 
project to add one north bound lane from the I-15 Route 58 
interchange to East Main Street on I-15. The Secretary and 
State of California are encouraged to use unobligated balances 
and the flexibility granted by this Act for design and 
construction of this project.

              TITLE III--MISCELLANEOUS HIGHWAY PROVISIONS

           traffic monitoring, management, and control on nhs

Senate bill

      The Senate provision makes capital and operating costs 
for traffic monitoring, management, and control facilities and 
programs eligible for NHS funds.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision with a 
modification to amend section 101(a) of title 23 for the 
definition of ``project'' by adding ``and any other undertaking 
eligible for assistance under this title,'' to conform the 
definition of project to ISTEA eligibility.

                   transferability of apportionments

Senate bill

      This section increases the percentage of Highway Bridge 
Replacement and Rehabilitation Program (HBRRP) apportionments 
that a State may transfer to its NHS or Surface Transportation 
(STP) program from 40 to 60 percent.

House amendment

      No comparable House provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute modifies the Senate provision 
to permit a State to transfer 50 percent of its Bridge 
apportionments to its NHS or STP program.

                          quality improvement

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This section directs the Secretary to require the States 
to conduct an analysis of the life-cycle costs for projects on 
the NHS with an estimated total project cost of $25 million or 
more.
      This provision directs the Secretary to require the 
States to conduct value engineering analyses of all projects on 
the NHS with an estimated total cost of $25 million or more.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with the 
modification that the analysis of life cycle costs pertains to 
the ``usable project segment'' instead of ``total project 
cost.'' Life cycle cost analysis is a process that protects 
transportation investment. The use of life cycle cost analysis 
on higher-cost Federal-aid NHS projects will reduce long-term 
costs and improve quality and performance.
      The Department of Transportation may require value 
engineering or life cycle cost analyses requirements only on 
projects for which such analyses are required by this 
provision. A State remains free to choose to undertake such 
analyses on additional projects at a State's discretion. The 
Department may not be prescriptive as to the forms of life 
cycle cost or value engineering analyses that a State must 
undertake in order to satisfy a life cycle cost or value 
engineering analysis requirement.

            DESIGN CRITERIA FOR THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 109 of title 23, United 
States Code, which relates to standards for proposed highway 
projects, to indicate that planned, as opposed to merely 
probable, future traffic needs should be met by the proposed 
project.
      In addition, section 109(c) is amended to assure that the 
``constructed'' and ``natural'' environment, the environmental, 
scenic, aesthetic, historic, community, and preservation 
impacts, and access to other modes of transportation are 
considered in the design of the NHS projects (except for 
interstate construction) for new construction, reconstruction, 
resurfacing (except for maintenance resurfacing), restoration, 
or rehabilitation. The section further directs the Secretary, 
in cooperation with State highway agencies, to develop NHS 
criteria for such projects that include the consideration of 
factors noted above. The Secretary shall also consider the 
results of the AASHTO committee process, as set forth in its 
``Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets,'' and 
appropriate public input.
      This provision also amends section 109(q) of title 23 to 
allow the Secretary to approve projects for the NHS, including 
the Interstate System, that may not meet the criteria developed 
in response to subsections (b) and (c) but are designed to 
preserve environmental, scenic, or historic values; to ensure 
safe use of the facility; and to comply with subsection (a).

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision, but replaces 
``shall'' with ``may'' in reference to design criteria for NHS 
projects. Sections 109(c) and 109(q) are discretionary on 
States and the Secretary. These provisions are not requirements 
for NHS projects.
      The development of any design criteria or any other 
activity carried out under this section should be an inclusive 
process allowing significant opportunity for public 
participation and comment throughout the process. Any process 
the Secretary or the American Association of State Highway and 
Transportation Officials carry out under this section should 
involve State and local officials, and individuals and 
organizations representing environmental, scenic, aesthetic, 
historic, community, preservation, bicycling, and pedestrian 
interests both in developing or adopting any criteria or 
process under this section.

        applicability of transportation conformity requirements

Senate bill

      Section 105 amends section 109(j) of title 23, United 
States Code, to confirm that the transportation conformity 
requirements of the Intermodal Transportation Efficiency Act of 
1991 (ISTEA) and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 apply 
only to areas that have been designated as ``nonattainment'' 
under the Clean Air Act, and to areas that have been 
redesignated as attainment, but that are still subject to the 
maintenance plan requirements of the Clean Air Act section 175A 
(24 U.S.C. 7505a).
      Section 105 also clarifies that areas designated as 
nonattainment under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 
U.S.C. 7407(d)) are required only to conduct a conformity 
analysis for those specific transportation-related pollutants 
for which an area is designated nonattainment.

House amendment

      This section is identical to the Senate provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the provision.

                          motorist call boxes

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision amends section 131(c) of title 23, United 
States Code, to allow signs, displays, and devices identifying 
and announcing free motorist aid call boxes and their 
sponsorship by corporations or other organizations in areas 
adjacent to the Interstate System and the primary system.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with 
modifications. Sponsorship signs may be located on the call box 
and the call box post. Sponsorship signs on the call box post 
may be erected in intervals not to exceed one per every 5 
miles. States are required to place 20 percent of the call 
boxes with sponsorship logos in rural areas outside of 
urbanized areas.

                      quality through competition

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 112(b) of title 23, United 
States Code, relating to the letting of contracts and 
subcontracts funded in whole or in part with Federal funds 
under the Federal-aid highway program.
      The recipient of Federal funds must accept and use 
indirect cost rates established by a government agency in 
accordance with Federal Acquisition Regulations for one-year 
applicable accounting periods in estimating, negotiating, and 
administering contracts. Recipients must notify affected firms 
before requesting or using the cost and rate data and must keep 
the information confidential.
      The provisions of this section take effect upon enactment 
of the bill, however, a State may enact legislation to adopt an 
alternative process to promote engineering and design quality 
and to ensure maximum competition by professional companies 
providing engineering and design services.

House amendment

      The House provision is identical to the Senate provision, 
except that the provisions of section 321 will not take effect 
until two years after the date of enactment unless the State 
adopts an alternative process to promote engineering and design 
quality and to ensure maximum competition by private companies 
providing engineering and services. The House provision also 
repeals the pilot program for uniform audit procedures provided 
in section 1092 of ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute adopts the provision with a 
modification that the section will not take effect until one 
year after the date of enactment of this legislation. During 
this period, a State may adopt an alternative process. If the 
Secretary of Transportation determines that the legislature of 
the State did not convene and adjourn a full regular session 
during such one year period, the Secretary may extend the one 
year period until the adjournment of the next regular session 
of the legislature.

                   limitation on advance construction

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 115(d) of title 23, United 
States Code, to permit the Secretary to approve an application 
for advance construction, provided the project is on the 
State's transportation improvement program (STIP). The STIP is 
fiscally constrained under section 135(f) of title 23, United 
States Code. The current limitation on advance construction 
requires that an authorization be in effect one year beyond the 
fiscal year for which the application for advance funding is 
sought, thus limiting the States' flexibility to advance 
construction in the final year of a multiyear authorization 
act, even though the life of the Highway Trust Fund extends 
beyond the authorization period.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision. This section 
will allow for the greater use of advance construction during 
the final year of a multi-year authorization by allowing the 
Secretary to approve the use of advance construction for any 
projects on a State transportation improvement plan, including 
projects beyond the current authorization period.
      The current limitation on advance construction requires 
that an authorization be in effect one year beyond the fiscal 
year for which the application for advance funding is sought, 
thus limiting the States' flexibility to advance construction 
in the final year of a multi-year authorization act, even 
though the life of the Highway Trust Fund extends beyond the 
authorization period.

                         preventive maintenance

Senate bill

      Section 108 makes preventive maintenance activities 
eligible for Federal assistance under title 23 if the State 
demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the 
activity is a ``cost-effective means of extending the life of a 
federal-aid highway.''

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision.

                             federal share

Senate bill

      The Senate bill amends section 217(f) of title 23, United 
States Code, by eliminating the current provision that sets the 
Federal share for bicycle and pedestrian projects at 80 
percent. Instead, the Federal share for these projects will be 
established under the provisions of subsection 120(b) of title 
23. This change will result in the treatment of the Federal 
share for bicycle and pedestrian projects in a similar manner 
as that allowed for Federal-aid highway projects in general.
      The provision amends section 1021(c) of ISTEA, which was 
previously amended by section 417 of the Department of 
Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993.
      The provision raises the Federal share for the intermodal 
connector to the Northwest Arkansas Region Airport from U.S. 
Highway 71 in Arkansas to 95 percent.

House amendment

      Section 350 of the House provision amends section 120(c) 
of title 23, United States Code, by adding safety rest areas to 
the list of safety projects that qualify for 100 percent 
Federal funding.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provisions and modifies 
the House provision. The purpose of the House provision is to 
address a safety problem related to truck driver fatigue.

      eligibility of bond and other debt instrument financing for 
                 reimbursement as construction expenses

Senate bill

      The Senate bill provides that eligible bond or debt 
financing instrument costs include bond and debt financing 
instrument principal and interest, and other costs associated 
with bond or debt financing instrument issuances, provided that 
the proceeds of such bonds or debt financing instruments are 
used on eligible Federal-aid projects. Existing section 122 of 
title 23 relating to payments to States for bond retirement, 
limits Federal participation to retirement of bond principal on 
the former Federal-aid primary and urban systems, and to 
Interstate substitute projects (and authorizes participation in 
interest and incidental costs as well as principal retirement, 
in connection with the sale of such bonds relating to 
Interstate System projects).
      This section clearly defines eligible bond costs, 
provides greater flexibility and broadens eligibility to States 
for Federal-aid projects constructed with bond or debt 
financing instrument proceeds, and permits States to leverage 
additional infrastructure investment. At the same time, this 
section makes clear that although bond or debt financing 
instrument costs are eligible for Federal participation (as a 
cost of construction under section 101 as amended), such 
eligibility does not constitute a Federal commitment, 
obligation or guarantee. This section preserves the tax exempt 
status of any State issued bonds or debt financing instruments 
under sections 103 and 149(b) of title 23 and attracts 
additional investment in such issuances at a lower cost to the 
State.
      The section also makes a conforming amendment to the 
definition of ``construction'' in section 101(a) of title 23, 
inserting ``bond costs and other costs relating to the issuance 
of bonds or other debt instrument financing in accordance with 
section 122'' to the definition.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision.

        vehicle weight and longer combination vehicles exemption

Senate bill

      Section 136 of the Senate bill allows the State of Iowa 
to permit the use of certain commercial motor vehicles over 
80,000 pounds on Interstates 29 and 129 in Sioux City and 
allows Iowa to operate certain longer combination vehicles 
(LCVs) on the same routes.
      Section 138 amends section 127 of title 23, United States 
Code, to exempt certain specialized hauling vehicles operating 
on the 104-mile portion of Wisconsin State Route 78 and United 
States Route 51 from the vehicle weight limitations in section 
127 upon the inclusion of the route as part of the Interstate 
System under section 139 of title 23.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains an identical provision 
concerning Wisconsin. The House bill contains no comparable 
provision addressing Sioux City, Iowa.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision as modified.

                               toll roads

Senate bill

      Section 110 of the Senate bill provides that the Federal 
share for participation in toll highways, bridges and tunnels 
shall be determined by the State, but shall not exceed 80 
percent. This provision replaces the current Federal share 
limitations of 50 percent or 80 percent, depending on the type 
of project.
      Section 140 includes the Centennial Bridge in Rock 
Island, Illinois, under section 129 of title 23, which relates 
to toll agreements. The city may enter into a section 129 toll 
agreement with the FHWA to amend the terms of the toll 
agreements.
      Section 144 permits a State to loan an amount, up to the 
full Federal share, of a toll or non-toll project that has a 
dedicated revenue source to a public entity constructing or 
proposing to construct a toll facility or non-toll facility 
with a dedicated revenue source.
      Section 129 allows the State of Florida to use tolls 
collected along the portion of I-75 referred to as ``Alligator 
Alley'' to be used for environmental projects in Florida that 
are approved by the State and the Secretary of the Interior.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains an identical provision 
concerning the Centennial Bridge in Rock Island, Illinois. 
Section 309 of the House bill amends section 129(c)(5) of title 
23 to allow Federal participation in the construction of ferry 
boats and terminal facilities that operate between a State and 
a point in Canada.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House and Senate provisions. 
Section 144 of the Senate bill is not intended to be used as a 
way to divert aviation revenue for non-aviation purposes. The 
dedicated revenue source referred to in this section does not 
include airport revenues, and specifically passenger facility 
charges, which under current law already are restricted to 
airport uses only.
      Section 129 recognizes the Federal/State partnership 
agreement between the U.S. Department of Interior and the State 
of Florida. This section conforms with state law to allow 
Florida to utilize excess tolls generated on I-75 in South 
Florida (Alligator Alley).
      Funds generated annually in excess of that required for 
outstanding contractual obligations, operation, and maintenance 
of highway and toll facilities and other related expenses can 
be used for environmentally-related projects to restore the 
Everglades ecosystem.

                             scenic byways

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision amends section 131(s) of title 23, United 
States Code, to clarify that the Federal ban on new billboards 
on scenic byways does not restrict the authority of a State 
with respect to commercial and industrial areas along a scenic 
byway or roads designated pursuant to section 1047 of ISTEA. 
The section reaffirms the ability of States to establish 
standards stricter than those in Federal law.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute codifies the United States 
Department of Transportation's current implementation of 
section 131(s) of title 23, United States Code. In designating 
a scenic byway for purposes of section 131(s) and section 1047 
of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
1991, a State may exclude from such designation any segment of 
a highway that is inconsistent with the State's criteria for 
designating scenic byways. The exclusion of a highway segment 
must have a reasonable basis. The Secretary of Transportation 
has the authority to prevent actions that evade Federal 
requirements.

      applicability of certain requirements to third party sellers

Senate bill

      This provision affects how certain third party sellers 
are treated for purposes of the Uniform Relocation Assistance 
and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, as amended. 
In general, it exempts certain ``qualified organizations'' (as 
determined under the Internal Revenue Code) from the 
requirements of the Uniform Act when they sell or donate real 
property to States for use in transportation enhancement 
activities. In two circumstances, this general rule would not 
apply: (1) when the Federal Government has approved a right-of-
way acquisition before the involvement of a qualified 
organization; and, (2) when an organization has contracted with 
a State to acquire real property on behalf of the State.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision.

          streamlining for transportation enhancement projects

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 133(e) of title 23, United 
States Code, to allow the Secretary to advance funds to States 
for transportation enhancement activities if the Secretary 
certifies that the State authorizes and uses a process for the 
selection of transportation enhancement projects that involves 
representatives of affected public entities and private 
citizens with expertise related to such activities. Amounts to 
be advanced by the Secretary are limited to those necessary to 
make prompt payments for project costs. The Secretary is 
required also to develop categorical exclusions for 
transportation enhancement activities from the requirements of 
the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4332). 
Finally, the Federal Highway Administration is required to 
develop, in consultation with the National Conference of State 
Historic Preservation Officers and the Advisory Council on 
Historic Preservation, a nationwide programmatic agreement 
governing the review of transportation enhancement activities.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision.

               metropolitan planning for highway projects

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This House provision amends section 134(f) of title 23, 
United States Code, to add recreational travel and tourism to 
the factors that must be considered by metropolitan planning 
organizations in developing transportation plans and programs.

Conference Substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

           non-federal share for certain toll bridge projects

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 144(l) of title 23, United 
States Code, to allow any non-Federal funds expended for the 
seismic retrofit of the Golden Gate bridge described in section 
144(l) to be credited towards the required non-Federal match of 
Federal-aid seismic retrofit projects authorized for this 
bridge.

House amendment

      The House bill contains an identical provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the provision.

       congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program

Senate bill

      Section 114(a) freezes the amount of money each State 
receives under the Congestion and Air Quality Improvement 
(CMAQ) Program at the fiscal year 1994 level. Geographical 
areas that are newly designated as nonattainment will not 
affect a State's CMAQ apportionment. This section also allows a 
State to use its funds apportioned under the CMAQ program in 
maintenance areas, as well as other nonattainment areas. Under 
this provision, as with current law, CMAQ funds may not be used 
for projects in areas designated as ``traditional'' or 
``incomplete data'' nonattainment areas for ozone or in ``not 
classified'' nonattainment areas for carbon monoxide.
      Subsection (b) of this section lifts the restriction 
against using CMAQ funds for the removal of pre-1980 vehicles 
(``scrappage'' programs) and programs to reduce motor vehicle 
emissions resulting from extreme cold start conditions. It 
requires that activities under these programs and all programs 
listed in section 108(f) of the Clean Air Act must be publicly 
sponsored to be eligible for CMAQ funding.
      Subsection (c) provides that the ``hold harmless'' 
apportionment adjustment under section 1015(c) of ISTEA would 
not be affected by the limitations included in this section 
during fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
      Subsection (d) permits CMAQ funding for the establishment 
and operation of traffic monitoring, management, and control 
facilities or programs that are likely to contribute to the 
attainment of a national ambient air quality standard.

House amendment

      The House provision is nearly identical, but contains no 
comparable provisions concerning scrappage or traffic 
monitoring.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision on freezing 
CMAQ at the fiscal year 1994 level. The Conference adopts the 
Senate provision on traffic monitoring. The Conference 
substitute strikes the provision concerning vehicle scrappage.
      This provision ensures that geographical areas that are 
redesignated to attainment status or areas that are newly 
designated as nonattainment will not affect a State's CMAQ 
apportionment. This section also allows a State to use its 
funds apportioned under the CMAQ program in any such 
maintenance area, as well as in other nonattainment areas, 
within a State. This provision does not affect the hold 
harmless and 90 percent of payments calculations. An additional 
purpose of the provision is to recognize ongoing needs in Clean 
Air maintenance areas.

           operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated minors

Senate bill

      The Senate bill requires that the States enact and 
enforce a law that the operation of a motor vehicle by an 
individual under the age of 21 who has a blood alcohol 
concentration of 0.02 percent or greater shall be considered to 
be driving under the influence or driving while intoxicated. In 
the event that a State has not enacted and is not enforcing 
such a law, the Secretary shall withhold 5 percent of highway 
construction funds on October 1, 1998, and 10 percent on 
October 1, 1999, and every year thereafter.

House amendment

      The House provision is nearly identical but includes a 
grace period for compliance.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with a 
modification. A State meets the requirement if the State has 
enacted and is enforcing a law that considers an individual 
under the age of 21 who has a blood alcohol concentration of 
0.02 percent or greater while operating a motor vehicle in the 
State to be driving while intoxicated or driving under the 
influence of alcohol.

  utilization of the private sector for surveying and mapping services

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision instructs the Secretary to issue guidance 
to encourage States to use the private sector for surveying and 
mapping service for highway projects to the maximum extent 
feasible.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with minor, 
technical modifications.

   donations of funds, materials, or services for federally assisted 
                                projects

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 323 of title 23, United 
States Code, to permit States to receive as credit to the non-
Federal share of a project the fair market value for donated 
materials or services. This section will increase the States 
ability to attract private capital and various in-kind services 
related to project development and construction by expanding 
the types of donations eligible for credit under section 323.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision. This section 
is consistent with sound fiscal management practices, which can 
be achieved through guidelines issued by the Administrator that 
may, among other things, require approval in writing, in 
advance for valuation of credits attributable to unpaid 
volunteer service. Nothing in this section is intended to 
interfere with the Secretary's sole discretion to disapprove a 
proposed valuation of unpaid volunteer services.

   discovery and admission as evidence of certain reports and surveys

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision amends section 409 of title 23, United 
States Code, to clarify that data ``collected'' for safety 
reports or surveys shall not be subject to discovery or 
admitted into evidence in Federal or State court proceedings.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

                alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      Subsection (a) of this provision makes a technical 
amendment to section 410(d)(1)(E) of title 23, United States 
Code.
      Subsection (b) amends section 410(d) to provide that a 
State shall be treated as having met the requirements of having 
a statewide program for roadside sobriety checkpoints if such a 
program violates the constitution of the State and if the State 
meets certain other safety requirements.
      The requirement that a State provide that any person 
under the age of 21 with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.02 
percent or greater when driving a motor vehicle shall be deemed 
to be driving while intoxicated is moved from the Supplemental 
Grants program to the Basic Grants program.
      Subsection (c) makes a conforming amendment.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision

      references to committee on transportation and infrastructure

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      This provision replaces specific statutory references in 
title 23, United States Code, to the ``Committee on Public 
Works and Transportation'' with the ``Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure.''

                   public transit vehicles exemption

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This section extends until the reauthorization of the 
Federal-aid highway and transit programs the temporary waiver 
included in the fiscal year 1993 Department of Transportation 
Appropriations Act for overweight public transit buses 
traveling on the Interstate System.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

                    use of recycled paving material

Senate bill

      The provision requires the Federal Highway 
Administration, within 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, to begin development performance grade 
classifications, in accordance with the Strategic Highway 
Research Program (SHRP), for crumb modifier binders. These 
testing procedures and performance grade classifications are to 
be developed in consultation with representatives of the crumb 
rubber modifier industry and other interested parties.
      This section also requires the FHWA to make grants of up 
to $500,000 to each State for the development of programs to 
use crumb rubber from scrap tires to modify asphalt pavements. 
These grants may be used for the development of mix designs, 
for the placement and evaluation of field tests and for the 
expansion of State crumb rubber modifier programs in existence 
on the date the grant is made available.
      This section provides funding for these research and 
grant programs from previously authorized funds under section 
6005 of ISTEA for section 307(e)(13) of title 23, United States 
Code. This section directs that $500,000 be expended for 
research in fiscal year 1996, and $10 million be expended in 
each of the fiscal years 1996 and 1997 for grants to States to 
develop crumb rubber modifier programs.
      In addition, this section strikes the definition of the 
term ``asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber'' as it 
appears in 1038(e)(1) of ISTEA and redefines it as ``any 
mixture of asphalt and crumb rubber derived from whole scrap 
tires, such that the physical properties of the asphalt are 
modified through the mixture, for use in pavement maintenance, 
rehabilitation, or construction applications.''

House amendment

      The House amendment contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision without 
specific funding.

                      roadside barrier technology

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision amends section 1058 of ISTEA by modifying 
the definition of innovative safety barriers.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

              corrections to miscellaneous authorizations

Senate bill

      This provision provides a general fund authorization for 
certain facilities in New York, New York.

House amendment

      The House amendment contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision as modified. 
The State of New York is urged to consider the economic effect 
of the Gowanus Expressway Project on the neighboring community, 
in particular, to work with the communities affected and to 
minimize any long-term impairment of local businesses. The 
State is encouraged to appoint a community engineer, study 
traffic calming strategies and make all technical and other 
information concerning the project available and explained to 
the community.
      The City and State of New York are urged to consider the 
original 1907 structures in the design of the ferry terminals 
at Whitehall Street.

                corrections to high cost bridge projects

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House provision provides technical amendments to two 
high cost bridge projects in ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications. The Buffalo and Fort Erie Peace Bridge 
Authority's plans for improvements to the Peace Bridge truck 
inspection facility may include construction of ramps and 
roadways to access or exit the Peace Bridge; the restoration of 
impacted areas; and other additional improvements necessary to 
facilitate the movement of truck traffic over the Peace Bridge.

               corrections to congestion relief projects

Senate bill

      The Senate bill makes a technical correction to a 
congestion relief project in ISTEA.

House amendment

      The House provision provides a series of technical 
amendments to congestion relief projects in ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications.

                        high priority corridors

Senate bill

      The Senate provision amends the routing of certain 
existing high priority corridors, adds two additional high 
priority corridors and authorizes a feasibility study. It also 
requires the Secretary to designate certain route segments as 
Interstate routes when they are constructed to Interstate 
standards without regard to whether the segment is a logical 
addition or connection to the Interstate System as defined by 
section 139 of title 23, United States Code.

House amendment

      The House provision amends the routing of certain 
existing high priority corridors, adds five additional high 
priority corridors, authorizes feasibility studies and makes 
technical corrections to existing high priority corridors.
      The provision also requires the Secretary to designate 
certain of these routes as future Interstate routes, if they 
are not already designated. When the Secretary determines the 
routes meet Interstate standards and connect to the existing 
Interstate system and if the Secretary determines it to be a 
safe and useable segment.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute contains modifications of both 
the House and the Senate provisions. The Conference substitute 
adopts the House provision concerning future Interstates. The 
provision is intended to permit States to erect signs along 
such designated routes as ``future'' Interstates upon 
enactment. States are permitted to use unobligated Interstate 
Construction balances on these future Interstates, if the 
pending Interstate Construction projects are not moving 
forward. States may not receive any additional Interstate 
Construction funding, after date of enactment, if funds are 
used on future Interstates. Unobligated interstate construction 
and interstate construction discretionary funds may continue to 
be expended on the original interstate segment. U.S. 220 in 
Pennsylvania shall be designated I-99.
      This provision also directs that priority corridor 18, 
designated I-69, be extended ``to the lower Rio Grande Valley 
at the border between the United States and Mexico.'' The 
Conferees, in order to clarify its intent, direct that the 
routes include United States Highway 77 from the Rio Grande 
River to Interstate Highway 37 and then to Victoria on U.S. 
Highway 281 from the Rio Grande River to Interstate 37; and 
U.S. Highway 83 from Brownsville, Texas to Laredo.
      The current Lafayette North-South Corridor study is an 
evaluation of freeway alternatives running north-south through 
Lafayette, Louisiana. The Surface Transportation and Uniform 
Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 authorized a study of the 
area and allocated $2.4 million to demonstrate the benefits to 
traffic flow and transportation of labor and materials by 
construction of a highway to provide continuous access between 
the interstate and highway and the Federal-aid primary system. 
The State provided approximately $600,000 for the project. The 
FHWA defined the study south of I-10. The extension of the 
study area will provide additional evidence as to the 
feasibility of completing the 4.5 mile Evangeline Thruway 
alignment project by producing a positive cost-benefit ratio as 
well as a positive public safety and environmental impact. No 
additional funding would be required. This provision does not 
violate the noise barrier provision discussed earlier in the 
report.
      This section designates the CANAMEX Corridor. The name of 
this corridor does not imply primacy with respect to the North 
American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
      This section designates the Camino Real Corridor. In 
Wyoming, the routing of the Camino Real Corridor does not 
preclude future designations of other significant routes.

                  corrections to rural access projects

Senate bill

      The Senate makes a technical correction to a rural access 
project in ISTEA.

House amendment

      The House provision provides a series of technical 
amendments to rural access projects in ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications.

                  CORRECTIONS TO RURAL ACCESS PROJECTS

Senate bill

      The Senate makes a technical correction to a rural access 
project in ISTEA.

House amendment

      The House provision provides a series of technical 
amendments to rural access projects in ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications.

           CORRECTIONS TO URBAN ACCESS AND MOBILITY PROJECTS

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House bill provides a series of technical amendments 
to urban access and mobility projects in ISTEA.

Confernce substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications.

                   CORRECTIONS TO INNOVATIVE PROJECTS

Senate bill

      The Senate bill makes a technical correction to an 
innovative project in ISTEA.

House amendment

      This provision makes a series of technical amendments to 
innovative projects in ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications.

                   corrections to intermodal projects

Senate bill

      The Senate bill makes a technical correction to an 
intermodal projects in ISTEA.

House amendment

      This provision makes a series of technical amendments to 
intermodal projects in ISTEA.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with additional 
modifications.

                      national recreational trails

Senate bill

      The Senate bill provides contract authority for the 
National Recreational Trails Program. This section amends the 
National Recreational Trails program, established in ISTEA, to 
provide that the Federal share of any trails project funded 
under the Recreational Trails Program is 50 percent. The 
existing State fuel tax requirement is eliminated. Further, 
this section defines the term ``eligible State'' to conform 
with the definition of that term contained in title 23, United 
States Code. This section adds a provision to section 104 of 
title 23 to provide that the Secretary shall expend, from 
administrative funds deducted under section 104(a), $15 million 
per year for FY96 and FY97, to carry out the recreational 
trails program.

House amendment

      The House provision amends section 1302 of ISTEA to make 
certain amendments to the National Recreational Trails Program, 
including a provision requiring States to provide 20 percent of 
the program costs in the sixth year of the program. This 
section also provides that a State shall give priority to 
projects that mitigate and minimize impacts to the environment. 
In addition, a State may apply to the Secretary for an 
exemption from requirements for distribution of federal trail 
program funds between motorized and nonmotorized users. The 
Advisory Committee membership is increased to provide for a 
member representing the disabled community to serve on the 
Committee.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate version with House 
modifications. The Federal share of a project will be 50 
percent prior to fiscal year 2001 and thereafter a State shall 
be eligible to receive Federal funds under this program if the 
State agrees to provide an amount equal to 20 percent of the 
amount of Federal funds received by the State. States are 
encouraged to give priority consideration to environmental 
mitigation projects. A member representing the disabled 
community is to serve on the National Advisory Committee. For 
fiscal year 1996 and 1997, the program is funded at $15 million 
per year from the Federal Highway administration funds. This 
funding through the administrative funds is provided as an 
interim measure since the program funding, which is authorized 
in ISTEA at $30 million per year, has not been provided. When 
ISTEA is reauthorized, this program will be reviewed to correct 
funding difficulties by providing contract authority for the 
program.

                   INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

Senate bill

      This provision amends section 6054 of ISTEA to allow the 
Secretary to use cooperative research and development 
agreements to carry out Intelligent Transportation Systems 
(ITS) activities. This provision also authorizes the Secretary 
to reallocate for ITS projects those ITS funds that have not 
been obligated by the end of the fiscal year after the year in 
which the funds were made available. Finally, this section 
amends ISTEA and other laws to change the official program name 
from ``Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems'' to ``Intelligent 
Transportation Systems.''

House amendment

      The House amendment contains no comparable provision.

Conference Substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision. The Secretary 
should consider providing assistance to demonstrate the 
efficacy of the Pennsylvania Rural Highway Safety Trauma 
Network. Rural Emergency Service applications of Intelligent 
Transportation Technology are no less important than the urban 
congestion relief and mitigation projects commonly funded under 
this program. In this project, the proposed network will enable 
EMS providers attending to accident victims on NHS and other 
highways to establish and maintain contact with a network of 20 
hospitals and a Level One Trauma Center, located in Danville, 
Pennsylvania.

                              ELIGIBILITY

Senate bill

      This provision permits the Orange Street Bridge in 
Missoula, Montana, to be eligible for funding under the CMAQ 
program.
      Section 126 permits the use of funds apportioned under 
sections 103(e)(4), 104(b), and 144, of title 23 (NHS, CMAQ, 
STP, Bridge program and Interstate Transfer) for improvements 
to a rail freight corridor between Central Falls and 
Davisville, RI.
      Section 143 permits the use of Highway Bridge Replacement 
and Rehabilitation Program (HBRRP) funds, CMAQ funds, and 
railroad highway grade crossing safety funds for improvements 
to the former Pocono Northeast Railway Company freight line by 
the Luzerne County Redevelopment Authority.
      Section 101 directs the Secretary, in cooperation with 
the State of Wyoming, to monitor the changes in growth along 
and traffic patterns of three route segments in Wyoming for the 
purpose of future consideration of the addition of the route 
segments to the NHS.
      Section 102 amends section 103(I) of title 23, United 
States Code, to make the Alameda Transportation Corridor an 
eligible project for NHS funds.

House amendment

      Subsection 341(a) amends section 108(b) of the Federal-
aid Highway Act of 1956 (23 U.S.C. 101 note) to make the High 
Street to Causeway Street section of the Central Artery project 
eligible for Interstate Construction funds. No additional 
funding is authorized.
      Subsection (b) makes certain revisions to the Interstate 
95 and Pennsylvania Turnpike project authorized by section 162 
of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982.
      Subsection (c) prohibits the future use of Federal-aid 
highway funds to construct Type II noise barriers.
      Section 353 of the House bill provides that Brightman 
Street Bridge in Fall River Harbor, Massachusetts, may be 
reconstructed to result in a clear channel of less than 300 
feet.
      Section 358 makes projects described in section 
149(a)(62) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
Assistance Act of 1987 and section one of P.L. 100-211 eligible 
under the Federal Lands Highway Program.

Conference Substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provisions and modifies 
the House provisions. The Conference does not adopt the House 
provision in section 341(a).
      The Conference adopts the Senate provision to allow the 
city of Missoula, Montana and the State of Montana to use 
congestion mitigation and air quality funds on a project or 
projects to add capacity to the Orange Street Bridge. No 
restrictions in the CMAQ program prohibiting the use of CMAQ 
funds for additional capacity shall apply to the Orange Street 
Bridge project and the use of CMAQ funds on the project.
      Grade separations to be constructed as part of the 
Alameda Corridor Project are eligible for funding under section 
104(b)(1). Portions of the Alameda Corridor Project that are 
exclusively freight rail are not eligible for NHS funds.
      The Federal Highway Administration is to work 
collaboratively with the Nevada Department of Transportation, 
Clark County, the City of Henderson, and to the extent 
practicable, affected residents to develop a noise mitigation 
plan with the goal of alleviating noise for affected residents 
adjacent to Interstate 515.

    miscellaneous corrections to surface transportation and uniform 
                   relocation assistance act of 1987

Senate bill

      The Senate bill makes a technical amendment to a rural 
access project and a technical amendment to a project included 
in the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance 
Act of 1987.

House amendment

      The House bill makes a technical amendment to a rural 
access project and technical amendments to certain projects 
included in the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation 
Assistance Act of 1987.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute adopts the Senate provisions 
and the House provisions with additional modifications. The 
Conference substitute makes existing funding available for the 
planning, design, and construction of up to 4.8 miles of Prater 
and Pete Manina Roads as part of the Rose Bluff Industrial 
Access Road Project authorized under section 1105(a)(2) of 
ISTEA. Funds are available for, among other purposes, widening, 
drainage improvements, and reconstruction.

 accessibility of over-the-road buses to individuals with disabilities

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

 House amendment

      This provision amends section 306(a)(2)(B)(iii) of the 
Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 to provide that 
accessibility requirements for private over-the-road buses must 
be met by small providers within three years after the issuance 
of final regulations and with respect to other providers, 
within two years after the issuance of final regulations.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision. Under the 
Americans With Disabilities Act, DOT was required to issue 
regulations for over-the-road bus operators by July 1994. Under 
the ADA, compliance with these regulations is stated as six 
years after enactment of that Act or by July 1996 for large bus 
operators and seven years after enactment, or by July 1997, for 
small bus operators. However, to date, DOT has not yet issued 
final regulations under ADA and has no expected date for 
issuance, forcing over-the-road bus operators into a compliance 
burden with an unknown set of regulations. To avoid this 
result, this provision amends the ADA to change compliance 
dates to two and three years after issuance of final 
regulations for large and small over-the-road bus operators, 
respectively.

               alcohol and controlled substances testing

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      Subsection (a) amends section 5331(b)(1)(A) of title 49, 
United States Code, to repeal the preemployment alcohol testing 
requirement for certain transit workers. All other drug and 
alcohol testing requirements are retained.
      Subsection (b) amends section 20140(b)(1)(A) of title 49 
to repeal the preemployment alcohol testing requirement for 
certain railroad employees. All other drug and drug and alcohol 
testing requirements are retained.
      Subsection (c) amends section 31306(b)(1)(A) of title 49 
to repeal the preemployment alcohol testing requirement for 
operators of commercial vehicles. All other drug and alcohol 
testing requirements are retained.
      Subsection (d) amends section 45102 of title 49 to repeal 
the preemployment alcohol testing requirement for certain 
employees of air carriers and the FAA. All other drug and 
alcohol testing requirements are retained.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

                        national driver register

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision authorizes $2,550,000 for each of fiscal 
years 1995 and 1996 for the National Driver Register.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

             commercial motor vehicle safety pilot program

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      Subsection (A) directs the Secretary within 180 days of 
the application of an operator of motor vehicles with a gross 
vehicle weight rating of at least 10,001 pounds but not more 
than 26,000 pounds to exempt some or all of such vehicles and 
drivers of such vehicles from some or all of the regulations 
under sections 31136(e), 504 and 31502 of title 49. The 
Secretary will only exempt the vehicles or drivers if he finds 
the applicant has a current safety fitness rating issued by the 
Secretary and that the applicant will implement a program of 
safety management controls designed to achieve a level of 
safety equal to or greater than that resulting from compliance 
with the regulations in this section.
      Subsection (B) provides that the Secretary and 
participants in the program shall periodically monitor the 
safety of vehicles and drivers exempted from regulations in 
this section. This provision also provides that if an exemption 
is granted it shall remain in effect until the Secretary finds 
that the operator has exceeded the average ratio of preventable 
accidents to vehicle miles traveled for a period of 12 months 
for this class of vehicles; or that the operator's exemption is 
not in the public interest and would result in a significant 
adverse impact on the safety of commercial motor vehicles.
      Subsection (C) provides the factors the Secretary must 
consider when approving applications. The applicants approved 
to participate in the program must represent a broad cross 
section of fleet size and operators of vehicles between 10,001 
and 26,000 pounds, and participation should be permitted for as 
many qualified participants as possible.
      Subsection (D) prohibits the Secretary from granting 
exemptions to vehicles designed to transport more than 15 
passengers, including the driver; or vehicles used in 
transporting hazardous materials.
      Subsection (E) permits the Secretary to revoke or modify 
the participation of an operator in the program in the case of 
an emergency.
      This provision directs the Secretary to conduct a zero-
based review within 18 months after the date of enactment of 
the need and costs and benefits of all regulations issued under 
sections 31136(e), 504 and 31502 of title 49 to determine 
whether such regulations should apply to vehicles weighing 
between 10,001 and 26,000 pounds. After the review is 
completed, the Secretary is directed to grant such exemptions 
or modify or repeal existing regulations to the extent 
appropriate.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute incorporates suggestions from 
the Department of Transportation, consumer groups, industry and 
safety advocates to ensure a reasoned balance between 
regulatory relief and safety. Therefore, the Conference 
substitute modifies the House provision in the following 
manner:
      Subsection (A) provides that the Secretary shall carry 
out the program within 270 days after enactment. The Secretary, 
within 120 days of receiving an application for participation 
in the program, shall determine whether to exempt some or all 
of the eligible vehicles operated by the applicant, and some or 
all drivers of the vehicles employed by the applicant, from 
some or all of the regulations under sections 31136(e), 504 and 
31502. The applicant must have a satisfactory safety rating or, 
if the applicant has not been rated, meet criteria set forth by 
the Secretary. The applicant and the Secretary must enter into 
an agreement that provides that the applicant, while 
participating in the program shall: (1) operate safely; (2) 
provide the Secretary with access to accident and insurance 
related information relevant to the safety performance of the 
applicant and such vehicles and drivers; (3) use in the program 
only drivers with good demonstrated safety records in the 
preceding 36 months; and (4) implement such safety management 
controls as the Secretary and the applicant agree are necessary 
to carry out the objectives of this subsection. Not all motor 
carrier operators who may wish to participate in the program 
have DOT safety ratings. As a result, these carriers, including 
many small carriers, may be precluded from participating in the 
program as a result. The provision vests DOT with the authority 
to set forth criteria in lieu of a safety rating to permit 
unrated, but safe carriers to be eligible for the program.
      Subsection (B) provides that the safety management 
controls must be designed to achieve a level of operational 
safety equal to or greater that that resulting from compliance 
with the current regulations.
      Subsection (C) provides that the Secretary shall ensure 
that participants in the program are subject to a minimum of 
paperwork and regulatory burdens necessary to ensure compliance 
with the program.
      Subsection (D) provides that the Secretary shall 
encourage the use of advanced technologies necessary to ensure 
compliance with the requirements of the program, including the 
use of on-board recorders. It is believed that advanced 
technologies may be an appropriate substitute for certain 
regulations.
      Subsection (E) provides the factors the Secretary must 
consider in approving applicants for participation in the 
program. The Secretary must ensure that the participants 
represent a broad cross-section of fleet size and drivers of 
eligible vehicles and ensure participation by qualified 
applicants.
      Subsection (F) provides that the Secretary must require 
each participant to modify the safety management controls 
applicable to each participant, if there is a material change 
in the regulations, to the extent necessary to reflect the 
material change in the regulations.
      Subsection (G) provides that the Secretary and 
participants in the program shall monitor periodically the 
safety of vehicles and drivers subject to the program. The 
conferees recognize that periodically monitoring the safety 
performance of the holders of any waivers granted under this 
section will require DOT resources. In order to mitigate this 
impact, participants in this pilot program will be expected to 
maintain current and complete safety and accident data. The 
Secretary shall ensure that sufficient oversight is carried out 
to promote the adequacy and accuracy of such information. The 
Office of Motor Carriers at the Federal Highway Administration 
will consider whether the SAFESTAT or a similar system used in 
the Commercial Vehicle Information System project can be used 
to help monitor the safety performance of the participants in 
this pilot project.
      Subsection (H) provides that a participant will 
participate in the program until the Secretary finds (1) the 
participant has exceeded the average ratio of preventable 
accidents to vehicle miles traveled for a period of 12 months 
for eligible vehicles, or (2) the participant has failed to 
comply with requirements established by the Secretary for 
participation in the program, or (3) continued participation in 
the program is not in the public interest.
      Subsection (I) permits the Secretary to suspend or modify 
participation in the program in case of an emergency.
      Subsection (J) provides that within 270 days after 
enactment, the Secretary, after notice and opportunity for 
comment, shall establish criteria for implementing the program. 
The program will take effect on or before the 270th day after 
enactment. The Secretary is also directed to establish interim 
criteria to ensure that the program may commence on the 270th 
day after enactment.
      Subsection (K) provides that the eligible vehicles for 
this program are commercial motor vehicles weighing between 
10,001 and 26,000 pounds, but not vehicles that transport more 
than 15 passengers, including the driver, or vehicles used in 
transporting hazardous materials.
      This provision also directs the Secretary to conduct a 
zero-based review within 3 years after enactment of the need 
and the costs and benefits of all regulations issued under 
sections 31136(e), 504 and 31502 of title 49 to determine 
whether such regulations should apply to eligible vehicles. 
After the review is completed, the Secretary shall grant such 
exemptions or modify or repeal existing regulations to the 
extent appropriate.
      For employers participating in this program, this section 
is not intended to eliminate DOT jurisdiction with respect to 
such employer's vehicles. The conferees specifically recognize 
that the sole responsibility for all safety regulation 
regarding commercial motor vehicles as set forth in Subtitle VI 
of title 49, United States Code, (and all regulations 
promulgated thereunder) shall continue to reside with the 
Secretary of Transportation, and not with any other Federal 
agency, including the Occupational Safety and Health 
Administration.

exemptions from requirements relating to commercial motor vehicles and 
                            their operators

Senate bill

      The Senate provision extends to drivers of ground water 
well drilling rigs the same relief from limitations on 
cumulative hours of service over an eight consecutive day 
period currently provided to drivers of vehicles used 
exclusively in oil field operations under section 395.1(d)(1) 
of CFR 49. The drivers of ground water well drilling rigs 
remain subject to other Federal and State safety regulations 
including other hours of service limitations applicable to 
their operations.
      The section further provides that the Secretary shall 
monitor the effects of this provision, and, if the Secretary 
finds that commercial motor vehicle safety has been adversely 
affected as a result of this provision, the Secretary shall 
report such findings to Congress.

House amendment

      This provision establishes a series of exemptions from 
Federal regulations for certain specified motor carrier 
operations where there is a time-sensitive need for an 
exemption or where driving is incidental to the driver's 
overall duties. The exemptions shall take effect 180 days after 
enactment. The Secretary is also given authority to conduct a 
rulemaking to determine whether granting any of these 
exemptions is (i) not in the public interest and (ii) would 
have a significant adverse impact on the safety of commercial 
motor vehicles.
      Subsection (a) directs that waivers be granted from 
certain Federal motor carrier regulations. Subsection (a)(1) 
grants an exemption from the Federal hours of service 
regulations for drivers transporting agricultural supplies or 
farm supplies during planting and harvesting seasons operating 
within a 100 air mile radius of the source of the commodities 
or the distribution point of the supplies. This exemption is 
intended to operate in a similar manner as the exemption 
granted 40 years ago for small package delivered during the 
Holiday season in December. This exemption is limited to the 
planting and harvesting seasons, as determined by the Governor.
      Subsections (a)(2) and (a)(3) and (a)(4) modify the hours 
of service regulations for drivers who primarily transport 
water well drilling rigs, drivers used primarily in the 
transportation of construction equipment and materials and for 
drivers of utility vehicles. These are identical to relief 
granted for oil field drillers in 1962. These subsections 
permit the ``clock'' used to calculate a driver's hours of 
service time to return to 0 after taking 24 or more consecutive 
hours off. These activities are seasonal and the drivers spend 
long periods of time waiting or performing tasks unrelated to 
driving. These provisions maintain current maximum on-duty time 
and driving time regulations, but only affect when the driver's 
``clock'' is reset. The House intends this exemption apply to 
operators who operate six or seven days per week.
      Subsection (a)(5) permits a State to grant a limited 
exemption for part-time or substitute employees of towns and 
townships smaller than 3,000 persons to temporarily operate a 
snowplow which the regular driver who has a commercial driver's 
license is unavailable or additional vehicles are needed due to 
a snow emergency.
      Subsection (d) contains a series of definitions. The 
House intends that the definition of the term ``construction 
finished related products'' includes asphalt and concrete, and 
that the term ``construction personnel and construction 
equipment'' includes construction maintenance vehicles.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision and the House 
provision as modified. The Secretary may conduct a rulemaking 
proceeding to determine whether granting any exemption provided 
by subsection (a) (other than paragraph (2)) is not in the 
public interest and would have a significant adverse impact on 
the safety of commercial motor vehicles. If the Secretary makes 
such a determination, then the Secretary may prevent the 
exemption from going into effect, modify the exemption, or 
revoke the exemption. All exemptions (except with respect to 
ground water well drilling rigs and farm suppliers) take effect 
180 days from the date of enactment.
      The Secretary may develop a program to monitor the 
exemption, including agreements with carriers to permit the 
Secretary to examine insurance information maintained by an 
insurer on a carrier. The Secretary is directed to monitor the 
safety performance of drivers that are subject to an exemption 
under this section and if the Secretary determines that public 
safety has been adversely affected by an exemption, the 
Secretary must report to Congress.
      The definitions of ``Transportation of Construction 
Materials and Equipment'' and ``utility service vehicle'' are 
also modified. It is intended that construction maintenance 
vehicles to apply to any vehicle driven to a job site and used 
in the transportation of tools or parts for on-site repair or 
maintenance of equipment or machines that are employed in 
construction. In the definition of ``Transportation of 
Construction Materials and Equipment'' the term ``construction 
and pavement materials'' includes all materials used in 
construction that are transported in quantity to a construction 
site. The provision does not include appliances and plumbing 
fixtures. In addition, the provision requires that the driver 
be used ``primarily in the transportation of construction 
materials and equipment''. The provision does not apply to a 
driver whose travel to and from the construction site only 
incidentally includes the carrying of construction materials 
and equipment. In addition, because of the 50 air-mile radius 
restriction many items manufactured more than 50 air-miles from 
the work site would not be covered by this exemption by virtue 
of the length of the delivery trip to the construction site.
      The conference substitute represents a reasonable and 
flexible approach for public utility service vehicles and their 
operators from the Department's regulatory requirements 
regarding ``hours of service.'' The operation of utility 
service vehicles in the course of business has not been 
demonstrated to pose a significant safety risk for the general 
public.
      In keeping with the nature and intent of this section, 
the conferees expect the Secretary to take all actions 
necessary to minimize requirements for monitoring, 
recordkeeping, and reporting as such activities relate to the 
hours of service issue. The exemptions (except as otherwise 
directed) take effect in 180 days, unless otherwise specified 
or modified by the Secretary.

    winter home heating oil delivery state flexibility pilot program

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The provision directs the Secretary to implement a one-
season pilot program to permit up to five States flexibility 
for winter deliveries of home heating oil. The pilot program 
will permit the Secretary to permit States, for the purposes of 
determining maximum on-duty time for drivers of intrastate home 
heating oil deliveries that occur within 100 air miles of a 
central terminal or distribution point, to permit any period of 
7 or 8 consecutive days to end with the beginning of an off-
duty period of 24 or more consecutive hours.
      The pilot program is limited to the winter heating season 
that occurs in the 6 month period following November 1, 1996. 
Up to five States may be approved to be included in the 
program. Prior to approving a State to participate in the 
program, the Secretary must determine that the State will meet 
several safety and enforcement criteria. Upon initial approval, 
the Secretary may permit a State to participate for 15 days 
during the winter season of the State (as determined by the 
Secretary and the Governor). The Secretary may permit a State 
to continue in such program for periods of up to 30 days if he 
finds that such continued participation in the program is 
consistent with this section.
      The Secretary is permitted to suspend a State's 
participation in the program if the Secretary finds that the 
State has not complied with the participation criteria or if 
there has been a significant adverse impact on public safety or 
in case of an emergency.
      Upon completion of the program, the Secretary is directed 
to review the results of the program to determine whether to 
amend the Federal regulations regarding maximum on-duty time to 
provide flexibility to motor carriers delivering home heating 
oil during winter periods.
      Deliveries of home heating oil occur during concentrated 
periods during winter months. In many States, particularly New 
England and Northeastern States, many citizens rely on home 
heating oil for heat during winter months. This provision is 
intended to permit States flexibility for limited periods for 
one winter season to permit the Secretary to determine whether 
such flexibility is needed on a permanent basis.

                             safety report

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision directs the Secretary, in cooperation with 
any State that raises the speed limit above the level permitted 
under section 154 of title 23 as of September 15, 1995, to 
submit to Congress a study of the costs to the State of deaths 
and injuries resulting from motor vehicle crashes and the 
benefits associated with the repeal of the national maximum 
speed limit.

Conference amendment

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

          moratorium on certain emissions testing requirements

Senate bill

      This provision prevents the Administrator of the 
Environmental Protection Agency from requiring States to use 
the test-only, I/M240 technology for enhanced inspection and 
maintenance programs required under the Clean Air Act 
Amendments of 1990. Further, the EPA is prohibited from 
disapproving a state implementation plan revision on the basis 
of an automatic discount factor of 50 percent for States that 
use a decentralized test and repair program.

House amendment

      No comparable provision

Conference substitute

      Under sections 182 and 187 of the Clean Air Act, the 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed regulations 
for enhanced inspection and maintenance programs that require 
emissions testing for vehicles already in use. The EPA rules 
are based on a testing technology called I/M240 that is not 
practical in the decentralized system of emissions testing that 
has been relied on in the past. Although the Clean Air Act 
Amendments of 1990 required EPA to develop an ``enhanced'' 
program that would increase emissions reductions, it was not 
intended that EPA impose a centralized system.
      The 1990 Amendments include some specific elements for 
these enhanced programs. Beyond these requirements, which do 
not include centralized testing stations or a particular 
testing technology, States were to be given broad latitude to 
design programs meeting a general performance standard. 
Accordingly, the Conference report prevents the Administrator 
from requiring States to use the test-only I/M240 in enhanced 
programs.
      Another element of EPA's inspection and maintenance 
regulations authorized States to develop decentralized programs 
carried out by service stations, dealerships and other 
facilities that offered both emissions testing at facilities 
that also perform repair work (to bring vehicles failing an 
emissions test into compliance). However, the EPA program 
applied an automatic discount factor of 50 percent to the 
States that used such decentralized programs. The Conference 
report overturns this element of EPA's regulation. As the Clean 
Air Act provides, EPA is to base credits for a State program on 
available information about the actual effectiveness of each 
aspect of the program as proposed and is not to apply an 
automatic discount factor because a program is decentralized or 
allows emissions tests and facilities that also perform 
repairs.
      States have developed many new options to improve 
programs that reduce emissions from vehicles in the existing 
fleet. In many cases, States have concluded that some of these 
options achieve greater emissions reductions than EPA models 
and guidance now provide. The Conference report allows States 
to design inspection and maintenance programs based on their 
own estimates of the emissions reduction credits that are 
appropriate for each element. EPA is to approve State programs 
based on the emissions reduction credits as estimated by a 
State, if the State estimates reflect a good faith expectation 
of performance. The EPA approval is only for an interim period 
of 18 months. Approval based on the State's proposed emission 
reduction credit can be made permanent, if information from the 
interim program demonstrates that the credits are appropriate.
      States may submit interim programs for consideration for 
a period of 120 days after enactment of this legislation. The 
Administrator may approve a State proposal, even if the State 
regulations have not been finalized during this period provided 
that the State has all of the statutory authority necessary to 
carry out the program and the program has been proposed as a 
regulation by the State.
      In proposing interim credits, States are required to make 
good faith estimates regarding the performance of their 
enhanced inspection and maintenance program. It is expected 
that States will experiment with various network types and 
control equipment for which it may be difficult to estimate 
emission reductions. Therefore, to satisfy good faith estimates 
it is only necessary that the proposed credits have a basis in 
fact. Good faith estimates of a State's inspection and 
maintenance program are estimates produced by a State which are 
based on any of the following: the performance of any previous 
automobile emissions inspection and maintenance programs; the 
results of a remote sensing or other roadside testing 
techniques; fleet and VMT profiles; demographic studies; or 
other evidence which has relevance to the effectiveness or 
emissions reducing capabilities of an emissions inspection and 
maintenance program.
      The data collection effort contemplated during and after 
the 18 month interim period should be a joint effort between 
the individual States and the United States Environmental 
Protection Agency.
      It is expected that proposed credits and the emission 
reductions demonstrated through program data may not match 
exactly. EPA should use this data to adjust credits on a 
program basis as demonstrated by the program data.
      The Conference agreement makes changes to the 
requirements and assumptions under section 182 with respect to 
inspection and maintenance. Section 184 of the Clean Air Act by 
reference to section 182 of the Clean Air Act requires that 
each area within the ozone transport region with a population 
of 100,000 implement an inspection and maintenance program. By 
changing the underlying requirements of section 182 of the 
Clean Air Act, it is anticipated that the requirements for 
inspection and maintenance under section 184 of the Clean Air 
Act will be changed accordingly.
      The Conference agreement does not address all the issues 
that are important to each State. Therefore, it is anticipated 
that Congress may address this and other related issues at a 
later date.

                         ROADS ON FEDERAL LANDS

Senate bill

      This provision prohibits the Federal government from 
taking any action to prepare or implement any regulation 
concerning rights-of-way across public lands until December 1, 
1995. This provision addresses rights-of-way over unreserved 
public lands for the construction of highways.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision with a 
modification of the date and a provision addressing roads in 
Shenandoah National Park. The Conference substitute provides 
for the transfer of 19 road corridors within the Shenandoah 
National Park from the Federal government to the Commonwealth 
of Virginia. These roads were donated originally by the 
Commonwealth to the Federal government but are managed 
currently by the Commonwealth. The substitute provides for 
direct ownership and management by the Commonwealth.

                STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PILOT PROGRAM

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

                STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PILOT PROGRAM

      The Secretary is directed to create a pilot program to 
examine the potential of State Infrastructure Banks (SIBs) to 
leverage State, local and private sources of capital and 
increase investment in the nation's surface transportation 
infrastructure.
      The pilot program would permit participation by up to ten 
states and allows for both single-state and multi-state 
infrastructure banks.
      The State Infrastructure Banks are required to maintain 
separate accounts for funds made available from the Highway 
Trust Fund and from funds available from the Federal transit 
program. A participating State may contribute to the highway 
account up to 10 percent of its annual apportionments from each 
category under section 104(b) (except CMAQ and Interstate 
Construction funds), 10 percent of its annual Bridge 
apportionments and up to 10 percent of the funds allocated 
annually under the Minimum Allocation program. A participating 
State may also contribute up to 10 percent of the funds 
annually apportioned to metropolitan regions if the 
Metropolitan Planning Organization concurs in writing. Federal 
transit grant recipients in a participating State may 
contribute up to 10 percent of their annual Section 3, Section 
9, and Section 18 capital grants into the transit account of 
its SIB. All funds contributed to an infrastructure bank shall 
be considered obligated.
      The highway account of a SIB may be used only to provide 
loans and other forms of financial assistance to Federal-aid 
eligible highway projects as defined by the section 101 of 
title 23, United States Code. Federal contributions to a SIB 
transit account may only be used for providing loans and other 
forms of financial assistance to capital projects as defined by 
section 5302 of title 49, United States Code. Federal funds 
contributed to a SIB may not be used as a grant.
      In order to establish an infrastructure bank under this 
section, a State must meet the requirements of this section. At 
a minimum, a State must match 25 percent of the Federal 
contribution with funds from non-Federal sources (except as 
provided for by section 120(b) of title 23, United States 
Code). This matching provision parallels the traditional 
Federal-aid highway matching requirements and will ensure a 
proper level of State participation and oversight. In order to 
qualify for a SIB under this pilot program, a State must ensure 
that its SIB bank maintains an investment grade rating on a 
continuing basis or has a sufficient level of bond or debt 
financing instrument insurance to maintain the viability of the 
bank. A State must also ensure that repayment of any loan from 
the bank will commence not later than five years after the 
project has been completed or, in the case of a highway 
project, the facility has been opened to traffic. The term for 
repaying any loan may not exceed 30 years after the date of the 
first payment. Income generated by funds contributed to an 
account of the bank will be credited to the account and 
available for use in providing loans and other assistance. The 
State must require the bank to make an annual report to the 
Secretary on its status no later than September 30, 1996 and 
September 30, 1997.
      Any funds that result from the repayment of a loan or 
other assistance under this section shall be treated in a 
manner consistent with other Federal Highway Administration 
loan programs. Such funds may be reused for surface 
transportation projects and may not be credited towards the 
non-federal share of the cost of any project. Other than such 
regulations stated in this section, no additional Federal 
regulations shall apply to use of such funds.
      The provision shall have no effect on the rate in which 
outlays are made. To that end, the Secretary shall ensure that 
Federal disbursements shall occur at a rate consistent with 
historic rates for the Federal-aid highway and transit 
programs.
      The Secretary shall review the financial conditions of 
each infrastructure bank and transmit a report to Congress not 
later than March 1, 1997. The report shall contain an 
evaluation of the pilot program and recommendations as to 
whether the program should be expanded or made part of the 
Federal-aid highway and transit programs.
      The Alameda Transportation Corridor in Los Angeles 
County, California, is a project that would greatly benefit 
from the options that state infrastructure banks provide. The 
Alameda Corridor consolidates more than 90 miles of rail with 
200 at-grade crossings into a single, 20-mile, high capacity 
and fully grade-separated facility linking the San Pedro Bay 
ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach with the national railroad 
network. The project widens and improves the truck route 
paralleling the rail facility to expedite port truck traffic. 
The project benefits include significant improvements in 
highway traffic congestion and safety, air pollution, vehicle 
delays at grade crossings, and noise in residential areas.

                 railroad-highway grade crossing safety

Senate bill

      Title III of the Senate bill contains several provisions 
concerning railroad-highway grade crossings.
      Section 302 directs the Secretary in implementing the 
Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems Act of 1991 to ensure that 
the national intelligent transportation systems program 
addresses the use of intelligent vehicle-highway technologies 
to promote safety at railroad-highway grade crossings. This 
section also requires the Secretary to fund two or more 
operational tests under the Act that will promote highway 
traffic safety and railroad safety.
      Section 303 directs the Secretary to conduct a rulemaking 
to amend the regulations under section 500.407 of title 23 to 
require that each highway safety management system developed, 
established, and implemented by a State include: (1) public 
railroad-highway grade-crossing closure plans that are aimed at 
eliminating high-risk or redundant crossings (2) railroad-
highway grade-crossing policies that limit the creation of new 
at-grade crossings for vehicle and pedestrian traffic, 
recreational use, or any other purpose (3) plans for State 
policies, programs, and resources to further reduce death and 
injury at high-risk railroad-highway grade crossings. The 
Secretary is directed to finish the rulemaking and prescribe 
the required amended regulations within one year after 
enactment.
      Section 304 amends section 31311 of title 49 by adding a 
new subsection (h) that directs the Secretary to issue 
regulations establishing sanctions and penalties relating to 
violations, by persons operating commercial motor vehicles, of 
laws and regulations concerning railroad-highway grade 
crossings. This provision establishes the minimum requirements 
the Secretary can issue.
      Section 305 directs that Federal and State agencies must 
work together to improve compliance with and enforcement of 
laws and regulations pertaining to railroad-highway grade 
crossings. The Secretary is directed to submit a report to 
Congress by January 1, 1996 indicating how the relevant 
agencies are working together.
      Section 306 provides a statement of policy. The section 
discusses the hazards of the present state of railroad-highway 
grade crossing and supports the elimination of redundant and 
high risk railroad-highway grade crossings as well as closing 
those crossings that cannot be made reasonably safe. The 
provision also directs the Secretary to foster a partnership 
among Federal, State, and local transportation officials and 
agencies to reduce the number of grade crossings and to improve 
safety at remaining crossings. The Secretary will make 
provisions for periodic review to ensure that each State is 
making progress toward achieving the purpose of this section. 
If the Secretary determines that a State has failed to make 
progress, the Secretary shall impose a limit on the maximum 
number of public railroad-highway grade crossings in that 
State. The limitation will remain in effect until the State 
demonstrates compliance with the requirements of this section.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts sections 302, 305, and 306 of the 
Senate bill as modified.

                       collection of bridge tolls

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House amendment provides that tolls collected for 
motor vehicles on any bridge connecting the boroughs of 
Brooklyn, New York, and Staten Island, New York, shall continue 
to be collected for only those vehicles exiting from such 
bridge in Staten Island.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

                            traffic control

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains a provision that authorizes an 
exception to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices 
(MUTCD) to permit the town of Bristol, RI, to replace 
permanently the existing double yellow line on its Main Street 
with a red, white, and blue center line. A red, white, and blue 
line has been used temporarily in the past in conjunction with 
the town's longstanding Fourth of July parade, which is the 
oldest in the country.

House amendment

      The House amendment provides that Oregon's ``right turn 
on red without stopping'' sign shall be deemed to comply with 
the Department of Transportation's MUTCD.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House and Senate provisions.

                        public use of rest areas

Senate bill

      This provision permits the State of Rhode Island to 
convert any State safety area adjacent to I-95 that was closed 
prior to May 1, 1995, for use as a motor vehicle emissions 
testing facility. The State has the option to permit access to 
and from any such facility directly from the Interstate.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision.

      safety belt use law requirements for new hampshire and maine

Senate bill

      This provision allows New Hampshire and Maine to meet the 
safety belt use law required under 49 U.S.C. 153 through a 
performance requirement. Each of these States would be deemed 
to have met the safety belt use law requirements of section 153 
upon certification by the Secretary that the State has 
achieved: (1) a safety belt use rate in each of fiscal years 
1995 and 1996 of not less than 50 percent; and (2) a safety 
belt use rate in each succeeding fiscal year thereafter of not 
less than the national average safety belt use rate, as 
determined by the Secretary.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the Senate provision with a 
modification. This provision applies retroactively, 
notwithstanding the October 1, 1995 deadline for compliance. If 
the requirements of this provision are met, either State shall 
have the ability to return any funds that are transferred as a 
result of the Section 153 penalty of October 1, 1995.
      If either State is deemed to have a law in effect meeting 
the requirements of section 153(a)(2) of title 23, United 
States Code, within 60 days after date of enactment, the state 
will be in compliance with section 153 requirements.

                 orange county, california, toll roads

Senate amendment

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      This provision allows the Secretary to enter into an 
agreement modifying existing agreements that provide Orange 
County, California with contingent lines-of-credit. This 
provision also allows the Secretary to require an interest rate 
that is higher than the rate specified in previous Acts.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision.

              compilation of title 23, united states code

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Secretary shall prepare and submit by March 31, 1997 
a draft legislative proposal of necessary technical and 
conforming amendments to title 23 of United States Code.

                      safety research initiatives

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      Section 316(a) directs the Secretary to conduct a study 
and demonstration of technologies and practices to improve the 
driving performance of older drivers and special user groups. 
The Secretary shall implement these activities in those States 
that have the highest population of aging citizens for whom 
driving a motor vehicle is their primary mobility mode and 
shall enter into a cooperative agreement with an institution 
with demonstrated competencies in such areas.
      Subsection (b) directs the Secretary in carrying out the 
work zone safety program established in ISTEA to utilize a 
variety of methods to increase safety at highway construction 
sites, including conferences, the creation of a national 
information clearinghouse, and national promotional campaign 
and promotion of work site training.
      Subsection (c) directs the Secretary to conduct a study 
to develop and evaluate radio and microwave technology for a 
motor vehicle safety warning system in furtherance of safety in 
all types of motor vehicles.
      Subsection (d) directs the Secretary to conduct a study 
to evaluate the effectiveness on reducing drunk driving of laws 
enacted in the States that allow a health care provider who 
treats an individual involved in a car accident to report the 
blood alcohol level of the individual to the local law 
enforcement agency which has jurisdiction over the accident 
site, if the blood alcohol level is above the maximum legal 
limit permitted under State law.

Conference substitute

      The Conference adopts the House provision with 
modifications to the work zone safety program. The Secretary is 
directed to implement the initiatives related to work zone 
safety in partnership with a broad range of the transportation 
construction industry's private sector.
      The Secretary is directed to expend not more than 
$200,000 on each of these studies.

                         miscellaneous studies

Senate bill

      The Senate bill contains no comparable provision.

House amendment

      Section 343(a) directs the Secretary to conduct a study 
on the adequacy of and the need for improvements to the Pan 
American Highway. The Secretary is directed to submit a report 
to Congress on the results of the study within two years.
      Section 343(b) directs the Secretary to conduct a study 
to determine the cost, need, and efficacy of establishing a 
highway sign for identifying routes on the National Highway 
System.
      Section 343(c) directs the Secretary to conduct a study 
on compliance with the provisions of the Buy American Act with 
respect to contracts entered into using amounts made available 
from the Highway Trust Fund. The Secretary is directed to 
submit a report to Congress on the results of the study within 
one year.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute modifies the House provisions 
and provides for an additional study of Maglev transportation. 
The Committee should identify and analyze specific magnetic 
levitation projects, such as a connector from New York City to 
its airports, the transportation project under development 
between Baltimore, Maryland and Washington, DC and technology 
transfer efforts underway in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, so that 
Congress can better assess how near-term magnetic levitation 
technology could complement other existing modes of 
transportation infrastructure and thereby improve the safety, 
speed, capacity, and longevity of current infrastructure in an 
era of dwindling Federal resources.
      The members of the Committee that undertake the study 
shall serve without pay but shall be allowed travel expenses, 
including per diem in lieu of subsistence, while away from 
their homes or regular places of business in the performance of 
services for the Committee in the same manner as persons 
employed intermittently in the Government service. The 
Chairperson may appoint staff as required in undertaking the 
study within the monetary constraints imposed on all studies in 
this section. The Secretary is directed to expend not more than 
$200,000 on each of these studies.

                TITLE IV--WOODROW WILSON MEMORIAL BRIDGE

Senate bill

      Title II of the Senate bill recognizes that the Federal 
government, as the owner of the bridge, is responsible for 
annual rehabilitation costs to ensure that the Bridge meets 
Federal safety standards. A 1994 study commissioned by the FHWA 
to assess the current condition of the Bridge confirmed that 
annual repairs fail to extend the useful life of the facility 
and are no longer cost-effective.
      Title II provides that Congress grants consent to 
Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia to enter into 
an interstate agreement to establish the National Capital 
Region Interstate Transportation Authority. Upon execution of 
an agreement between the Secretary of Transportation and the 
member jurisdictions of the Authority, the bill authorizes the 
transfer of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge to the Authority 
for the purpose of owning, constructing, maintaining, and 
operating a bridge or tunnel or a bridge and tunnel project 
across the Potomac River.
      Title II provides $17.5 million in contract authority for 
fiscal year 1996 and $80 million in contract authority for 
fiscal year 1997 for the rehabilitation of the bridge and the 
planning, design and right-of-way acquisition for a new 
crossing of the Potomac River. Title II also requires the 
Secretary to submit to Congress by May 31, 1997 a report 
identifying the Federal share of constructing a new crossing.

House amendment

      The House bill contains no comparable provision.

Conference substitute

      The Conference substitute adopts the Senate provision 
with a modification to require that Congress grant approval of 
the agreement between the Secretary and members of the 
Authority prior to the Department of Transportation executing 
the agreement.
      Ownership of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge is not 
conveyed to the Authority until the agreement is approved by 
Congress.
      The agreement shall include all costs financed by the 
Federal Government in fiscal years 1996 and 1997 for planning, 
preliminary engineering, design and all Federal expenditures in 
fiscal years 1996 and 1997 for replacement of the facility 
shall be counted toward the Federal share to be approved by 
Congress.
      The Secretary is authorized to allocate funds from 
administrative expenses in fiscal years 1996 and 1997 to ensure 
the completion of environmental studies and documentation, to 
provide for the rehabilitation of the existing Woodrow Wilson 
Memorial Bridge and to conduct planning, preliminary 
engineering and design and final engineering of a new crossing 
of the Potomac River.

                                   Bud Shuster,
                                   Bill Clinger,
                                   Thomas E. Petri,
                                   Bill Emerson,
                                   Ray LaHood,
                                   James L. Oberstar,
                                   Nick Rahall,
                                   Robert A. Borski,
                As additional conferees for the consideration 
                of secs. 105 and 141 of the Senate bill, and 
                sec. 320 of the House amendment, and 
                modifications committed to conference:
                                   Tom Bliley,
                                   Michael Bilirakis,
                                   Joe Barton,
                                   James Greenwood,
                                   John D. Dingell,
                As additional conferees for the consideration 
                of sec. 157 of the Senate bill, and 
                modifications committed to conference:
                                   Don Young,
                                   James V. Hansen,
                                 Managers on the Part of the House.
                                   John Warner,
                                   John H. Chafee,
                                   Bob Smith,
                                   Dirk Kempthorne,
                                   Max Baucus,
                                   D.P. Moynihan,
                                   Harry Reid,
                                   Larry Pressler,
                                   Trent Lott,
                                Managers on the Part of the Senate.