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104th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 2d Session                                                     104-612
_______________________________________________________________________


 
        CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997

                                _______


                  June 7, 1996.--Ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________


 Mr. Kasich, from the committee of conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                    [To accompany H. Con. Res. 178]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the concurrent 
resolution (H. Con. Res. 178) establishing the congressional 
budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 1997 
and setting forth appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
Senate amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997.

    The Congress determines and declares that the concurrent 
resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1997 is hereby 
established and that the appropriate budgetary levels for 
fiscal years 1998 through 2002 are hereby set forth.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this concurrent resolution is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1997.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.

                       TITLE I--LEVELS AND AMOUNTS

Sec. 101. Recommended levels and amounts.
Sec. 102. Debt increase.
Sec. 103. Social security.
Sec. 104. Major functional categories.

                   TITLE II--RECONCILIATION DIRECTIONS

Sec. 201. Reconciliation in the House of Representatives.
Sec. 202. Reconciliation in the Senate.

                      TITLE III--BUDGET ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 301. Discretionary spending limits.
Sec. 302. Budgetary treatment of the sale of Government assets.
Sec. 303. Budgetary treatment of direct student loans.
Sec. 304. Superfund reserve fund.
Sec. 305. Tax reserve fund in the Senate.
Sec. 306. Exercise of rulemaking powers.
Sec. 307. Government shutdown prevention allowance.

        TITLE IV--SENSE OF CONGRESS, HOUSE, AND SENATE PROVISIONS

Sec. 401. Sense of Congress on baselines.
Sec. 402. Sense of Congress on loan sales.
Sec. 403. Sense of Congress on changes in medicaid.
Sec. 404. Sense of Congress on impact of legislation on children.
Sec. 405. Sense of Congress on debt repayment.
Sec. 406. Sense of Congress on commitment to a balanced budget by fiscal 
          year 2002.
Sec. 407. Sense of Congress that tax reductions should benefit working 
          families.
Sec. 408. Sense of Congress on a bipartisan commission on the solvency 
          of medicare.
Sec. 409. Sense of Congress on medicare transfers.
Sec. 410. Sense of Congress regarding changes in the medicare program.
Sec. 411. Sense of Congress regarding revenue assumptions.
Sec. 412. Sense of Congress regarding domestic violence.
Sec. 413. Sense of Congress regarding student loans.
Sec. 414. Sense of Congress regarding additional charges under the 
          medicare program.
    
Sec. 415. Sense of Congress regarding requirements that welfare 
          recipients be drug-free.
Sec. 416. Sense of Congress on an accurate index for inflation.
Sec. 417. Sense of Congress that the 1993 income tax increase on social 
          security benefits should be repealed.
Sec. 418. Sense of Congress regarding the Administration's practice 
          regarding the prosecution of drug smugglers.
Sec. 419. Sense of Congress on corporate subsidies.
Sec. 420. Sense of Congress regarding welfare reform.
Sec. 421. Sense of Congress on FCC spectrum auctions.
Sec. 422. Sense of the House on emergencies.
Sec. 423. Sense of the Senate on funding to assist youth at risk.
Sec. 424. Sense of the Senate on long-term trends in budget estimates.
Sec. 425. Sense of the Senate on repeal of the gas tax.
Sec. 426. Sense of the Senate regarding the use of budgetary savings.
Sec. 427. Sense of the Senate regarding the transfer of excess 
          Government computers to public schools.
Sec. 428. Sense of the Senate on Federal retreats.
Sec. 429. Sense of the Senate regarding the essential air service 
          program of the Department of Transportation.
Sec. 430. Sense of the Senate regarding equal retirement savings for 
          homemakers.
Sec. 431. Sense of the Senate on the National Institutes of Health 
          funding for anti-addiction drugs.
Sec. 432. Sense of the Senate regarding the extension of the employer 
          education assistance exclusion under section 127 of the 
          Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
Sec. 433. Sense of the Senate regarding the Economic Development 
          Administration placing high priority on maintaining field-
          based economic development representatives.
Sec. 434. Sense of the Senate on LIHEAP.
Sec. 435. Sense of the Senate on Davis-Bacon.
Sec. 436. Sense of the Senate on reimbursement of the United States for 
          operations Southern Watch and Provide Comfort.
Sec. 437. Sense of the Senate on solvency of the Medicare Trust Fund.
Sec. 438. Sense of the Senate on the Presidential Election Campaign 
          Fund.
Sec. 439. Sense of the Senate regarding the funding of Amtrak.

                      TITLE I--LEVELS AND AMOUNTS

SEC. 101. RECOMMENDED LEVELS AND AMOUNTS.

    The following budgetary levels are appropriate for the 
fiscal years 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002:
            (1) Federal revenues.--For purposes of the 
        enforcement of this resolution:
                    (A) The recommended levels of Federal 
                revenues are as follows:
                            Fiscal year 1997: 
                        $1,083,728,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 1998: 
                        $1,130,269,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 1999: 
                        $1,177,467,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2000: 
                        $1,231,178,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2001: 
                        $1,290,661,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2002: 
                        $1,359,046,000,000.
                    (B) The amounts by which the aggregate 
                levels of Federal revenues should be changed 
                are as follows:
                            Fiscal year 1997: -$16,627,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 1998: -$18,280,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 1999: -$20,890,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2000: -$20,620,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2001: -$20,436,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2002: -$14,849,000,000.
                    (C) The amounts for Federal Insurance 
                Contributions Act revenues for hospital 
                insurance within the recommended levels of 
                Federal revenues are as follows:
                            Fiscal year 1997: $108,053,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 1998: $113,226,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 1999: $119,361,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2000: $125,737,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2001: $131,641,000,000.
                            Fiscal year 2002: $138,131,000,000.
            (2) New budget authority.--For purposes of the 
        enforcement of this resolution, the appropriate levels 
        of total new budget authority are as follows:
                    Fiscal year 1997: $1,314,760,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998: $1,362,075,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999: $1,392,403,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000: $1,433,371,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001: $1,453,873,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002: $1,496,063,000,000.
            (3) Budget outlays.--For purposes of the 
        enforcement of this resolution, the appropriate levels 
        of total budget outlays are as follows:
                    Fiscal year 1997: $1,311,011,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998: $1,354,668,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999: $1,383,872,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000: $1,416,493,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001: $1,432,423,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002: $1,462,900,000,000.
            (4) Deficits.--For purposes of the enforcement of 
        this resolution, the amounts of the deficits are as 
        follows:
                    Fiscal year 1997: $227,283,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998: $224,399,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999: $206,405,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000: $185,315,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001: $141,762,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002: $103,854,000,000.
            (5) Public debt.--The appropriate levels of the 
        public debt are as follows:
                    Fiscal year 1997: $5,435,700,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998: $5,702,200,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999: $5,945,300,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000: $6,165,000,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001: $6,338,400,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002: $6,468,400,000,000.
            (6) Direct loan obligations.--The appropriate 
        levels of total new direct loan obligations are as 
        follows:
                    Fiscal year 1997: $41,353,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998: $36,358,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999: $36,455,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000: $36,535,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001: $36,600,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002: $36,624,000,000.
            (7) Primary loan guarantee commitments.--The 
        appropriate levels of new primary loan guarantee 
        commitments are as follows:
                    Fiscal year 1997: $267,284,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998: $269,467,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999: $268,601,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000: $268,489,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001: $270,244,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002: $270,948,000,000.

SEC. 102. DEBT INCREASE.

    The amounts of the increase in the public debt subject to 
limitation are as follows:
            Fiscal year 1997: $279,500,000,000.
            Fiscal year 1998: $266,500,000,000.
            Fiscal year 1999: $243,100,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2000: $219,700,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2001: $173,400,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2002: $130,000,000,000.

SEC. 103. SOCIAL SECURITY.

    (a) Social Security Revenues.--For purposes of Senate 
enforcement under sections 302, 602, and 311 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the amounts of revenues of 
the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the 
Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund are as follows:
            Fiscal year 1997: $385,010,000,000.
            Fiscal year 1998: $402,282,000,000.
            Fiscal year 1999: $423,420,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2000: $445,102,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2001: $465,155,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2002: $487,344,000,000.
    (b) Social Security Outlays.--For purposes of Senate 
enforcement under sections 302, 602, and 311 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the amounts of outlays of the 
Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the 
Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund are as follows:
            Fiscal year 1997: $357,596,000,000.
            Fiscal year 1998: $374,931,000,000.
            Fiscal year 1999: $393,137,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2000: $412,438,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2001: $433,311,000,000.
            Fiscal year 2002: $455,165,000,000.

SEC. 104. MAJOR FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES.

    The Congress determines and declares that the appropriate 
levels of new budget authority, budget outlays, new direct loan 
obligations, and new primary loan guarantee commitments for 
fiscal years 1997 through 2002 for each major functional 
category are:
            (1) National Defense (050):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $265,583,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $264,146,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $800,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $268,198,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $263,018,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $200,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $270,797,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $266,289,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $192,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $273,337,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $269,961,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $187,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $275,961,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $269,025,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $185,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $278,821,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $268,962,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $183,000,000.
            (2) International Affairs (150):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $14,308,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $15,201,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $4,333,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $18,110,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $12,120,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $13,519,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $4,342,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $18,262,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,095,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $12,520,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $4,358,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $18,311,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,556,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $11,235,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $4,346,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $18,311,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,664,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $11,022,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $4,395,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $18,409,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,864,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $10,896,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $4,387,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $18,409,000,000.
            (3) General Science, Space, and Technology (250):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $16,788,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $16,865,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $16,249,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $16,421,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $16,012,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $16,053,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $15,775,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $15,805,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $15,700,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $15,717,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $15,573,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $15,611,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (4) Energy (270):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $3,728,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $3,080,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,033,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $2,830,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $2,328,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,039,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $2,512,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $1,758,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,045,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $2,272,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $1,351,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,036,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $2,385,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $1,329,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,000,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $2,069,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $874,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,031,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (5) Natural Resources and Environment (300):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $20,879,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $21,707,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $37,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $18,862,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $19,698,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $41,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $19,787,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $20,515,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $38,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                            Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $18,604,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $19,125,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $38,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $19,170,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $19,418,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $38,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $19,098,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $19,169,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $38,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (6) Agriculture (350):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $12,811,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $10,985,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $7,794,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $5,870,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $12,122,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $10,220,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $9,346,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $6,637,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,799,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $9,898,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $10,743,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $6,586,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,146,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $9,268,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $10,736,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $6,652,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $10,015,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $8,229,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $10,595,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $6,641,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $9,627,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $7,822,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $10,570,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $6,709,000,000.
            (7) Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $8,186,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$2,307,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,856,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $197,340,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $9,561,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $5,746,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,787,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $196,750,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $10,575,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $6,109,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,763,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $196,253,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $12,543,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $7,414,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,759,000,000
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $195,883,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,363,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $7,377,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,745,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $195,375,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,695,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $7,312,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,740,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $194,875,000,000.
            (8) Transportation (400):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $42,635,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $39,311,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $15,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $43,427,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $37,306,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $15,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $43,904,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $35,886,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $15,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $43,798,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $34,678,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $15,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $44,104,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $34,121,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $15,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $44,518,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $33,624,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $15,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (9) Community and Regional Development (450):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $8,218,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $10,321,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,231,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $2,133,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,651,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $8,982,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,257,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $2,133,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,611,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $8,111,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,287,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $1,171,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,656,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $7,267,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,365,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $1,171,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,466,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $6,819,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,404,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $2,202,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,367,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $6,334,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,430,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $2,202,000,000.
            (10) Education, Training, Employment, and Social 
        Services (500):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $48,983,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $49,964,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $16,219,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $17,469,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $47,428,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $47,758,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $16,219,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $19,760,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $48,197,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $47,761,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $16,219,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $20,854,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $48,931,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $48,319,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $16,219,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $21,589,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $49,686,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $48,953,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $16,219,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $23,319,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $50,409,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $49,629,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $16,219,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $25,085,000,000.
            (11) Health (550):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $133,228,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $133,172,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $187,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $140,343,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $140,728,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $94,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $146,103,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $146,246,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $152,405,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $152,317,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $158,848,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $158,509,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $164,380,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $163,912,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (12) Medicare (570):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $192,835,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $191,151,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $207,412,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $205,687,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $218,091,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $215,819,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $230,596,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $228,847,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $243,192,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $241,458,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $253,649,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $251,248,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (13) Income Security (600):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $230,233,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $239,737,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $241,766,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $244,694,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $246,842,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $253,422,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $265,119,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $265,209,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $264,868,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $268,404,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $283,450,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $280,388,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (14) Social Security (650):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $7,813,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $11,001,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $8,476,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $11,213,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $9,219,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $11,922,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $9,979,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $12,662,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $10,775,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $13,458,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,607,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $14,290,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (15) Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $38,463,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $39,561,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $935,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $26,362,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $38,552,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $39,313,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $962,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $25,925,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $38,179,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $38,644,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $987,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $25,426,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $38,186,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $39,886,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,021,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $24,883,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $38,382,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $37,265,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,189,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $24,298,000,000.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $39,318,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $39,602,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,194,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $23,668,000,000.
            (16) Administration of Justice (750):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $20,924,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $19,540,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $22,320,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $21,397,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,264,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $22,331,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,278,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $22,966,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $20,330,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $20,281,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $20,315,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $20,267,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (17) General Government (800):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $12,353,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $12,186,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $14,097,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $14,275,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $13,288,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $13,461,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $13,609,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $13,675,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $13,262,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $13,185,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $13,209,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $12,831,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (18) Net Interest (900):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $282,591,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $282,591,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $289,121,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $289,121,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $292,939,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $292,939,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $294,426,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $294,426,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $298,531,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $298,531,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        $302,932,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, $302,932,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (19) Allowances (920):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$465,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$1,867,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$1,921,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$1,217,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$2,084,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$1,085,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$2,340,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$1,413,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$2,552,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$2,401,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$2,898,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$2,863,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
            (20) Undistributed Offsetting Receipts (950):
                    Fiscal year 1997:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$45,334,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$45,334,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $7,900,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1998:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$35,539,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$35,539,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $1,350,000,000.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 1999:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$34,727,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$34,727,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2000:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$36,505,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$36,505,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2001:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$38,277,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$38,277,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.
                    Fiscal year 2002:
                            (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$39,940,000,000.
                            (B) Outlays, -$39,940,000,000.
                            (C) New direct loan obligations, 
                        $0.
                            (D) New primary loan guarantee 
                        commitments, $0.

                  TITLE II--RECONCILIATION DIRECTIONS

SEC. 201. RECONCILIATION IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

    (a) Submissions.--
            (1) Welfare and medicaid reform and tax relief.--
        Not later than June 13, 1996, the House committees 
        named in subsection (b) shall submit their 
        recommendations to provide direct spending and revenues 
        to the Committee on the Budget of the House of 
        Representatives. After receiving those recommendations, 
        the Committee on the Budget shall report to the House a 
        reconciliation bill carrying out all such 
        recommendations without any substantive revision.
            (2) Medicare preservation.--Not later than July 18, 
        1996, the House committees named in subsection (c) 
        shall submit their recommendations to provide direct 
        spending to the Committee on the Budget of the House of 
        Representatives. After receiving those recommendations, 
        the Committee on the Budget shall report to the House a 
        reconciliation bill carrying out all such 
        recommendations without any substantive revision.
            (3) Tax and miscellaneous direct spending 
        reforms.--Not later than September 6, 1996, the House 
        committees named in subsection (d) shall submit their 
        recommendations to provide direct spending, deficit 
        reduction, and revenues to the Committee on the Budget 
        of the House of Representatives. After receiving those 
        recommendations, the Committee on the Budget shall 
        report to the House a reconciliation bill carrying out 
        all such recommendations without any substantive 
        revision.
    (b) Instructions for Welfare and Medicaid Reform and Tax 
Relief.--
            (1) Committee on agriculture.--The House Committee 
        on Agriculture shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $35,609,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $36,625,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $216,316,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (2) Committee on commerce.--The House Committee on 
        Commerce shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $326,354,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $473,718,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $2,395,231,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (3) Committee on economic and educational 
        opportunities.--The House Committee on Economic and 
        Educational Opportunities shall report changes in laws 
        within its jurisdiction that provide direct spending 
        such that the total level of direct spending for that 
        committee does not exceed: $15,808,000,000 in outlays 
        for fiscal year 1997, $19,670,000,000 in outlays for 
        fiscal year 2002, and $105,331,000,000 in outlays in 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (4) Committee on ways and means.--(A) The House 
        Committee on Ways and Means shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending such that the total level of direct spending 
        for that committee does not exceed: $381,199,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 1997, $563,607,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 2002, and $2,810,569,000,000 in 
        outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (B) The House Committee on Ways and Means shall 
        report changes in laws within its jurisdiction 
        sufficient to reduce revenues by not more than 
        $122,400,000,000 for fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
    (c) Instructions for Medicare Preservation.--
            (1) Committee on commerce.--The House Committee on 
        Commerce shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $319,554,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $420,915,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $2,237,231,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (2) Committee on ways and means.--The House 
        Committee on Ways and Means shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending such that the total level of direct spending 
        for that committee does not exceed: $374,399,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 1997, $510,804,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 2002, and $2,652,569,000,000 in 
        outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
    (d) Instructions for Tax and Miscellaneous Direct Spending 
Reforms.--
            (1) Committee on agriculture.--The House Committee 
        on Agriculture shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $35,599,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $36,614,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $216,251,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (2) Committee on banking and financial services.--
        (A) The House Committee on Banking and Financial 
        Services shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: -$12,645,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, -$5,775,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and -$41,639,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (B) The House Committee on Banking and Financial 
        Services shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that would reduce the deficit by: $0 in 
        fiscal year 1997, $115,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $305,000,000 in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (3) Committee on commerce.--The House Committee on 
        Commerce shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $318,054,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $415,290,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $2,216,885,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (4) Committee on economic and educational 
        opportunities.--The House Committee on Economic and 
        Educational Opportunities shall report changes in laws 
        within its jurisdiction that provide direct spending 
        such that the total level of direct spending for that 
        committee does not exceed: $15,025,000,000 in outlays 
        for fiscal year 1997, $18,963,000,000 in outlays for 
        fiscal year 2002, and $101,660,000,000 in outlays in 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (5) Committee on government reform and oversight.--
        (A) The House Committee on Government Reform and 
        Oversight shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $65,164,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $82,594,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $442,230,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (B) The House Committee on Government Reform and 
        Oversight shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that would reduce the deficit by: 
        $201,000,000 in fiscal year 1997, $590,000,000 for 
        fiscal years 2002, and $2,837,000,000 in fiscal years 
        1997 through 2002.
            (6) Committee on international relations.--The 
        House Committee on International Relations shall report 
        changes in laws within its jurisdiction that provide 
        direct spending such that the total level of direct 
        spending for that committee does not exceed: 
        $13,025,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 1997, 
        $10,311,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, and 
        $67,953,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 
        2002.
            (7) Committee on the judiciary.--The House 
        Committee on the Judiciary shall report changes in laws 
        within its jurisdiction that provide direct spending 
        such that the total level of direct spending for that 
        committee does not exceed: $2,784,000,000 in outlays 
        for fiscal year 1997, $4,586,000,000 in outlays for 
        fiscal year 2002, and $26,482,000,000 in outlays in 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (8) Committee on national security.--The House 
        Committee on National Security shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending such that the total level of direct spending 
        for that committee does not exceed: $39,787,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 1997, $49,774,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 2002, and $271,815,000,000 in 
        outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (9) Committee on resources.--The House Committee on 
        Resources shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $2,115,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $2,048,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, 
        and $11,652,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002.
            (10) Committee on science.--The House Committee on 
        Science shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that the 
        total level of direct spending for that committee does 
        not exceed: $40,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        1997, $46,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 2002, and 
        $242,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 
        2002.
            (11) Committee on transportation and 
        infrastructure.--The House Committee on Transportation 
        and Infrastructure shall report changes in laws within 
        its jurisdiction that provide direct spending such that 
        the total level of direct spending for that committee 
        does not exceed: $18,315,000,000 in outlays for fiscal 
        year 1997, $18,001,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
        2002, and $107,328,000,000 in outlays in fiscal years 
        1997 through 2002.
            (12) Committee on veterans' affairs.--The House 
        Committee on Veterans' Affairs shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending such that the total level of direct spending 
        for that committee does not exceed: $21,375,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 1997, $22,217,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 2002, and $130,468,000,000 in 
        outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (13) Committee on ways and means.--(A) The House 
        Committee on Ways and Means shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending such that the total level of direct spending 
        for that committee does not exceed: $372,342,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 1997, $508,107,000,000 in 
        outlays for fiscal year 2002, and $2,638,057,000,000 in 
        outlays in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (B)(i) The House Committee on Ways and Means shall 
        report changes in laws within its jurisdiction 
        sufficient to reduce revenues by not more than 
        $113,838,000,000 in fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
            (ii) If a reconciliation bill referred to in 
        subsection (a)(1) is enacted into law, then the revenue 
        amount set forth in clause (i) shall be adjusted to 
        reflect the revenue provisions of that Act.
    (e) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
``direct spending'' has the meaning given to such term in 
section 250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
Control Act of 1985.

SEC. 202. RECONCILIATION IN THE SENATE.

    (a) First Reconciliation Instructions.--Not later than June 
21, 1996, the committees named in this subsection shall submit 
their recommendations to the Committee on the Budget of the 
Senate. After receiving those recommendations, the Committee on 
the Budget shall report to the Senate a reconciliation bill 
carrying out all such recommendations without any substantive 
revision.
            (1) Committee on agriculture, nutrition, and 
        forestry.--The Senate Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry shall report changes in laws 
        within its jurisdiction that provide direct spending 
        (as defined in section 250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget 
        and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985) to reduce 
        outlays $1,974,000,000 in fiscal year 1997, 
        $26,169,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002, and $5,967,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
            (2) Committee on finance.--(A) The Senate Committee 
        on Finance shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that provide direct spending (as defined 
        in section 250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget and 
        Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985) to reduce 
        outlays $260,000,000 in fiscal year 1997, 
        $98,321,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002, and $36,578,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
            (B) The Committee on Finance shall report changes 
        in laws within its jurisdiction necessary to reduce 
        revenues by not more than $122,400,000,000 for the 
        period of fiscal years 1997 through 2002.
    (b) Second Reconciliation Instructions.--No later than July 
24, 1996, the Committee on Finance shall report to the Senate a 
reconciliation bill proposing changes in laws within its 
jurisdiction that provide direct spending (as defined in 
section 250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
Control Act of 1985) to reduce outlays $6,800,000,000 in fiscal 
year 1997, $158,000,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 1997 
through 2002, and $52,803,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
    (c) Third Reconciliation Instructions.--No later than 
September 18, 1996, the committees named in this subsection 
shall submit their recommendations to the Committee on the 
Budget of the Senate. After receiving those recommendations, 
the Committee on the Budget shall report to the Senate a 
reconciliation bill carrying out all such recommendations 
without any substantive revision.
            (1) Committee on agriculture, nutrition, and 
        forestry.--The Senate Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry shall report changes in laws 
        within its jurisdiction that provide direct spending 
        (as defined in section 250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget 
        and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985) to reduce 
        outlays $10,000,000 in fiscal year 1997, $65,000,000 
        for the period of fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and 
        $11,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
            (2) Committee on armed services.--The Senate 
        Committee on Armed Services shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending (as defined in section 250(c)(8) of the 
        Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 
        1985) to reduce outlays $79,000,000 in fiscal year 
        1997, $649,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 1997 
        through 2002, and $166,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
            (3) Committee on banking, housing, and urban 
        affairs.--The Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and 
        Urban Affairs shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that reduce the deficit by $3,628,000,000 
        in fiscal year 1997, $3,605,000,000 for the period of 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and $462,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 2002.
            (4) Committee on commerce, science, and 
        transportation.--The Senate Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending (as defined in section 250(c)(8) of the 
        Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 
        1985) to reduce outlays $19,396,000,000 for the period 
        of fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and $5,649,000,000 
        in fiscal year 2002.
            (5) Committee on energy and natural resources.--The 
        Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources shall 
        report changes in laws within its jurisdiction that 
        provide direct spending (as defined in section 
        250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
        Control Act of 1985) to reduce outlays $90,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 1997, $1,512,000,000 for the period of 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and $72,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 2002.
            (6) Committee on environment and public works.--The 
        Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works shall 
        report changes in laws within its jurisdiction that 
        provide direct spending (as defined in section 
        250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
        Control Act of 1985) to reduce outlays $87,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 1997, $2,184,000,000 for the period of 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and $392,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 2002.
            (7) Committee on finance.--(A) The Senate Committee 
        on Finance shall report changes in laws within its 
        jurisdiction that reduce the deficit by $3,639,000,000 
        in fiscal year 1997, $23,184,000,000 for the period of 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and $4,121,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 2002.
            (B) The Committee on Finance shall report changes 
        in laws within its jurisdiction to reduce revenues for 
        the period of fiscal years 1997 through 2002 by not 
        more than the amount specified in subsection (a)(2)(B) 
        reduced by the amount that legislation enacted pursuant 
        to subsection (a) reduced revenues for that period of 
        fiscal years.
            (8) Committee on governmental affairs.--The Senate 
        Committee on Governmental Affairs shall report changes 
        in laws within its jurisdiction that reduce the deficit 
        $1,101,000,000 in fiscal year 1997, $8,801,000,000 for 
        the period of fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and 
        $1,492,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
            (9) Committee on the judiciary.--The Senate 
        Committee on the Judiciary shall report changes in laws 
        within its jurisdiction that provide direct spending 
        (as defined in section 250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget 
        and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985) to reduce 
        outlays $476,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
        1997 through 2002 and $119,000,000 in fiscal year 2002.
            (10) Committee on labor and human resources.--The 
        Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources shall 
        report changes in laws within its jurisdiction that 
        provide direct spending (as defined in section 
        250(c)(8) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
        Control Act of 1985) to reduce outlays $783,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 1997, $3,671,000,000 for the period of 
        fiscal years 1997 through 2002, and $707,000,000 in 
        fiscal year 2002.
            (11) Committee on veterans' affairs.--The Senate 
        Committee on Veterans' Affairs shall report changes in 
        laws within its jurisdiction that provide direct 
        spending (as defined in section 250(c)(8) of the 
        Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 
        1985) to reduce outlays $126,000,000 in fiscal year 
        1997, $5,271,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 
        1997 through 2002, and $1,418,000,000 in fiscal year 
        2002.
    (d) Treatment of Reconciliation Bills for Prior Surplus.--
For purposes of section 202 of House Concurrent Resolution 67 
(104th Congress), legislation which reduces revenues pursuant 
to a reconciliation instruction contained in subsection (c) 
shall be taken together with all other legislation enacted 
pursuant to the reconciliation instructions contained in this 
resolution when determining the deficit effect of such 
legislation.

                     TITLE III--BUDGET ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 301. DISCRETIONARY SPENDING LIMITS.

    (a) Definition.--As used in this section and for the 
purposes of allocations made pursuant to section 302(a) or 
602(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, for the 
discretionary category, the term ``discretionary spending 
limit'' means--
            (1) with respect to fiscal year 1997--
                    (A) for the defense category 
                $266,362,000,000 in new budget authority and 
                $264,968,000,000 in outlays; and
                    (B) for the nondefense category 
                $230,988,000,000 in new budget authority and 
                $273,644,000,000 in outlays;
            (2) with respect to fiscal year 1998--
                    (A) for the defense category 
                $268,971,000,000 in new budget authority and 
                $263,862,000,000 in outlays; and
                    (B) for the nondefense category 
                $224,746,000,000 in new budget authority and 
                $263,093,000,000 in outlays;
            (3) with respect to fiscal year 1999, for the 
        discretionary category $491,268,000,000 in new budget 
        authority and $525,485,000,000 in outlays;
            (4) with respect to fiscal year 2000, for the 
        discretionary category $498,589,000,000 in new budget 
        authority and $525,251,000,000 in outlays;
            (5) with respect to fiscal year 2001, for the 
        discretionary category $491,117,000,000 in new budget 
        authority and $516,223,000,000 in outlays; and
            (6) with respect to fiscal year 2002, for the 
        discretionary category $500,592,000,000 in new budget 
        authority and $514,219,000,000 in outlays;

as adjusted for changes in concepts and definitions and 
emergency appropriations.
    (b) Point of Order in the Senate.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), it shall not be in order in the Senate to 
        consider--
                    (A) a revision of this resolution or any 
                concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal 
                year 1998 (or amendment, motion, or conference 
                report on such a resolution) that provides 
                discretionary spending in excess of the sum of 
                the defense and nondefense discretionary 
                spending limits for such fiscal year;
                    (B) any concurrent resolution on the budget 
                for fiscal year 1999, 2000, 2001, or 2002 (or 
                amendment, motion, or conference report on such 
                a resolution) that provides discretionary 
                spending in excess of the discretionary 
                spending limit for such fiscal year; or
                    (C) any appropriation bill or resolution 
                (or amendment, motion, or conference report on 
                such appropriation bill or resolution) for 
                fiscal year 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, or 
                2002 that would exceed any of the discretionary 
                spending limits in this section or 
                suballocations of those limits made pursuant to 
                section 602(b) of the Congressional Budget Act 
                of 1974.
            (2) Exception.--
                    (A) In general.--This section shall not 
                apply if a declaration of war by the Congress 
                is in effect or if a joint resolution pursuant 
                to section 258 of the Balanced Budget and 
                Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 has been 
                enacted.
                    (B) Enforcement of discretionary limits in 
                fy 1997.--Until the enactment of reconciliation 
                legislation pursuant to subsections (a), (b), 
                and (c) of section 202 of this resolution and 
                for purposes of the application of paragraph 
                (1), only subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) 
                shall apply, and it shall apply only for fiscal 
                year 1997.
    (c) Waiver.--This section may be waived or suspended in the 
Senate only by the affirmative vote of three-fifths of the 
Members, duly chosen and sworn.
    (d) Appeals.--Appeals in the Senate from the decisions of 
the Chair relating to any provision of this section shall be 
limited to 1 hour, to be equally divided between, and 
controlled by, the appellant and the manager of the concurrent 
resolution, bill, or joint resolution, as the case may be. An 
affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members of the Senate, 
duly chosen and sworn, shall be required in the Senate to 
sustain an appeal of the ruling of the Chair on a point of 
order raised under this section.
    (e) Determination of Budget Levels.--For purposes of 
subsection (b), the levels of new budget authority and outlays 
for a fiscal year shall be determined on the basis of estimates 
made by the Committee on the Budget of the Senate.

SEC. 302. BUDGETARY TREATMENT OF THE SALE OF GOVERNMENT ASSETS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the prohibition on scoring asset sales has 
        discouraged the sale of assets that can be better 
        managed by the private sector and generate receipts to 
        reduce the Federal budget deficit;
            (2) the President's fiscal year 1997 budget 
        included $3,900,000,000 in receipts from asset sales 
        and proposed a change in the asset sale scoring rule to 
        allow the proceeds from these sales to be scored;
            (3) assets should not be sold if such sale would 
        increase the budget deficit over the long run; and
            (4) the asset sale scoring prohibition should be 
        repealed and consideration should be given to replacing 
        it with a methodology that takes into account the long-
        term budgetary impact of asset sales.
    (b) Budgetary Treatment.--(1) For the purposes of any 
concurrent resolution on the budget and the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974, amounts realized from sales of assets shall 
be scored with respect to the level of budget authority, 
outlays, or revenues.
    (2) For purposes of this section, the term ``sale of an 
asset'' shall have the same meaning as under section 250(c)(21) 
of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 
1985.
    (3) For purposes of this section, the sale of loan assets 
or the prepayment of a loan shall be governed by the terms of 
the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990.

SEC. 303. BUDGETARY TREATMENT OF DIRECT STUDENT LOANS.

    For the purposes of any concurrent resolution on the budget 
and the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the cost of a direct 
loan under the Federal direct student loan program shall be the 
net present value, at the time when the direct loan is 
disbursed, of the following cash flows for the estimated life 
of the loan--
            (1) loan disbursements;
            (2) repayments of principal;
            (3) payments of interest and other payments by or 
        to the Government over the life of the loan after 
        adjusting for estimated defaults, prepayments, fees, 
        penalties, and other recoveries; and
            (4) direct expenses, including--
                    (A) activities related to credit extension, 
                loan origination, loan servicing, management of 
                contractors, and payments to contractors, other 
                government entities, and program participants;
                    (B) collection of delinquent loans; and
                    (C) writeoff and closeout of loans.

SEC. 304. SUPERFUND RESERVE FUND.

    (a) Deficit Neutral Adjustments in the House.--
            (1) Committee allocations.--In the House of 
        Representatives--
            (A) after the enactment of a superfund bill that 
        reforms the Superfund program to facilitate the clean 
        up of hazardous waste sites and extends Superfund 
        taxes; and
            (B) upon the reporting of an appropriation measure 
        (or submission of a conference report thereon) that 
        appropriates funds for the Superfund program in excess 
        of $1,302,000,000;

the chairman of the Committee on the Budget of that House may 
submit revised allocations, functional levels, budget 
aggregates, and discretionary spending limits to carry out this 
section by an amount not to exceed the excess subject to the 
limitation. These revisions shall be considered for the 
purposes of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 as the 
allocations, levels, aggregates, and limits contained in this 
resolution.
            (2) Committee suballocations.--The Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives may 
        report appropriately revised suballocations pursuant to 
        sections 302(b)(1) and 602(b)(1) of the Congressional 
        Budget Act of 1974 following the revision of 
        allocations to that committee pursuant to paragraph 
        (1).
            (3) Limitations.--The adjustments under this 
        subsection shall not exceed--
                    (A) the net revenue increase for a fiscal 
                year resulting from the enactment of 
                legislation that extends Superfund taxes; or
                    (B) $898,000,000 in budget authority for a 
                fiscal year and the outlays flowing from such 
                budget authority in all fiscal years.
            (3) Readjustments.--In the House of 
        Representatives, any adjustments made under this 
        subsection for any appropriations measure or any 
        conference report thereon may be readjusted if that 
        measure is not enacted into law.
    (b) Deficit Neutral Adjustments in the Senate.--
            (1) In general.--In the Senate, after the enactment 
        of legislation that reforms the Superfund program and 
        extends Superfund taxes, in the Senate, budget 
        authority and outlays allocated to the Committee on 
        Appropriations under sections 302(a) and 602(a) of the 
        Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the appropriate 
        functional levels, the appropriate budget aggregates, 
        and the discretionary spending limits in section 201 of 
        this resolution may be revised to provide additional 
        budget authority and the outlays flowing from that 
        budget authority for the Superfund program, pursuant to 
        this subsection.
            (2) Deficit neutral adjustments.--
                    (A) Allocations.--
                            (i) Committee allocations.--In the 
                        Senate, upon reporting of an 
                        appropriations measure, or when a 
                        conference committee submits a 
                        conference report thereon, that 
                        appropriates funds for the Superfund 
                        program in excess of $1,302,000,000, 
                        the chairman of the Committee on the 
                        Budget of the Senate may submit revised 
                        allocations, functional levels, budget 
                        aggregates, and discretionary spending 
                        limits to carry out this section that 
                        adds to such allocations, levels, 
                        aggregates, and limits an amount that 
                        is equal to such excess. These revised 
                        allocations, levels, aggregates, and 
                        limits shall be considered for the 
                        purposes of the Congressional Budget 
                        Act of 1974 as the allocations, levels, 
                        aggregates, and limits contained in 
                        this resolution.
                            (ii) Committee suballocations.--The 
                        Committee on Appropriations of the 
                        Senate may report appropriately revised 
                        suballocations pursuant to sections 
                        302(b)(1) and 602(b)(1) of the 
                        Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
                        following the revision of the 
                        allocations pursuant to clause (i).
                    (B) Limitations.--The adjustments under 
                this subsection shall not exceed--
                            (i) the net revenue increase for a 
                        fiscal year resulting from the 
                        enactment of legislation that extends 
                        Superfund taxes; and
                            (ii) $898,000,000 in budget 
                        authority for a fiscal year and the 
                        outlays flowing from such budget 
                        authority in all fiscal years.

SEC. 305. TAX RESERVE FUND IN THE SENATE.

    (a) In General.--In the Senate, revenue and spending 
aggregates may be reduced and allocations may be revised for 
legislation that reduces revenues by providing family tax 
relief, fuel tax relief, and incentives to stimulate savings, 
investment, job creation, and economic growth if such 
legislation will not increase the deficit for--
            (1) fiscal year 1997;
            (2) the period of fiscal years 1997 through 2001; 
        or
            (3) the period of fiscal years 2002 through 2006.
    (b) Revised Allocations.--Upon the consideration of 
legislation pursuant to subsection (a), the Chairman of the 
Committee on the Budget of the Senate may file with the Senate 
appropriately revised allocations under sections 302(a) and 
602(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and revised 
functional levels and aggregates to carry out this section. 
These revised allocations, functional levels, and aggregates 
shall be considered for the purposes of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974 as allocations, functional levels, and 
aggregates contained in this resolution.
    (c) Reporting Revised Allocations.--The appropriate 
committee may report appropriately revised allocations pursuant 
to sections 302(b) and 602(b) of the Congressional Budget Act 
of 1974 to carry out this section.

SEC. 306. EXERCISE OF RULEMAKING POWERS.

    Congress adopts the provisions of this title--
            (1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, 
        and as such they shall be considered as part of the 
        rules of each House, or of that House to which they 
        specifically apply, and such rules shall supersede 
        other rules only to the extent that they are 
        inconsistent therewith; and
            (2) with full recognition of the constitutional 
        right of either House to change those rules (so far as 
        they relate to that House) at any time, in the same 
        manner, and to the same extent as in the case of any 
        other rule of that House.

SEC. 307. GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN PREVENTION ALLOWANCE.

    (a) In General.--In the House of Representatives for 
consideration of a conference report, or in the Senate, the 
fiscal year 1997 outlay allocation made pursuant to sections 
302(a) and 602(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to 
the Committees on Appropriations, the fiscal year 1997 outlay 
aggregate, the fiscal year 1997 discretionary limit on 
nondefense outlays and other appropriate aggregates may be 
increased for a resolution making continuing appropriations for 
fiscal year 1997. These revised allocations, aggregates, and 
limits shall be considered for all purposes of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974 as allocations, aggregates, 
and limits contained in this resolution and shall remain in 
effect for the consideration of any fiscal year 1997 
appropriations measure.
    (b) Revised Allocations.--In the Senate, upon the 
consideration of a motion to proceed or an agreement to proceed 
to a resolution making continuing appropriations for fiscal 
year 1997, or in the House of Representatives, upon the filing 
of a conference report thereon, that complies with the fiscal 
year 1997 discretionary limit on nondefense budget authority, 
the Chairman of the Committee on the Budget of the appropriate 
House may submit a revised outlay allocation for such committee 
and appropriately revised aggregates and limits to carry out 
this section.
    (c) Committee Suballocations.--The Committee on 
Appropriations of the appropriate House may report 
appropriately revised suballocations pursuant to sections 
302(b)(1) and 602(b)(1) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
following the revision of allocations pursuant to this section.
    (d) Limitations.--The adjustments made under this section 
shall not exceed $1,337,000,000 in outlays for fiscal year 
1997.

       TITLE IV--SENSE OF CONGRESS, HOUSE, AND SENATE PROVISIONS

SEC. 401. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON BASELINES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that:
            (1) Baselines are projections of future spending if 
        existing policies remain unchanged.
            (2) Under baseline assumptions, spending 
        automatically rises with inflation even if such 
        increases are not mandated under existing law.
            (3) Baseline budgeting is inherently biased against 
        policies that would reduce the projected growth in 
        spending because such policies are depicted as spending 
        reductions from an increasing baseline.
            (4) The baseline concept has encouraged Congress to 
        abdicate its constitutional obligation to control the 
        public purse for those programs which are automatically 
        funded.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
baseline budgeting should be replaced with a budgetary model 
that requires justification of aggregate funding levels and 
maximizes congressional accountability for Federal spending.

SEC. 402. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON LOAN SALES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that:
            (1) The House and Senate Appropriations 
        Subcommittees on Treasury, Postal Service, and General 
        Government have stated that ``more consideration should 
        be given to the sale of nonperforming loans held not 
        only by HUD, but by all Federal agencies that provide 
        credit programs'' and directed the Office of Management 
        and Budget to direct Federal agencies to evaluate the 
        value of their credit programs and develop a plan for 
        the privatization of such credit programs.
            (2) The Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on 
        Commerce, Justice, State, the Judiciary, and Related 
        Agencies has directed that the Small Business 
        Administration should study and report to Congress on 
        the feasibility of private servicing of SBA loan 
        activities.
            (3) The House Appropriations Subcommittee on 
        Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug 
        Administration, and Related Agencies previously 
        directed the Farmers Home Administration to ``explore 
        the potential savings that might occur from contract 
        centralized servicing.''
            (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House has 
        consistently urged the Secretary of Agriculture to 
        explore contracting out loan servicing operations.
            (5) The General Accounting Office has found that 
        ``Allowing the public and private sectors to compete 
        for the centralized servicing (of loans) could mean 
        reaping the benefits of the competitive marketplace--
        greater efficiency, increased focus on customer needs, 
        increased innovation, and improved morale.''
            (6) The House Committee on Small Business has 
        recommended ``that 40 percent of the loan servicing 
        portfolio (for Disaster Loans) be privatized.''
            (7) The President's Budget for Fiscal Year 1997 
        proposes to review options for improving the quality of 
        loan portfolio management including contracting to the 
        private sector.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the appropriate committees of the House and the Senate should 
report legislation authorizing the sale of such loan assets as 
they deem appropriate in order to contribute to Government 
downsizing, administrative cost savings, and improved services 
to borrowers.

SEC. 403. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON CHANGES IN MEDICAID.

    It is the sense of Congress that any legislation changing 
the medicaid program pursuant to this resolution should--
            (1) guarantee coverage for low-income children, 
        pregnant women, the elderly, and the disabled as 
        described in the National Governors' Association 
        February 6, 1996, policy on reforming medicaid, which 
        was endorsed unanimously by our Nation's Governors;
            (2) maintain the medicaid program as a matching 
        program while providing a fairer and more equitable 
        formula for calculating the matching rate;
            (3) reject any illusory financing schemes;
            (4) continue existing law for Federal minimum 
        quality standards for nursing homes and the enforcement 
        of those standards;
            (5) continue Federal rules that prevent wives or 
        husbands from being required to impoverish themselves 
        in order to obtain and keep medicaid benefits for their 
        spouse requiring nursing home care and continue 
        existing prohibitions against the States requiring the 
        adult children of institutionalized patients from 
        having to contribute to the cost of nursing facility 
        services; and
            (6) provide coverage of medicare premiums and cost-
        sharing payments for low-income seniors consistent with 
        the unanimous National Governors' Association medicaid 
        policy.

SEC. 404. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPACT OF LEGISLATION ON CHILDREN.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
Congress should not adopt or enact any legislation that will 
increase the number of children who are hungry, homeless, poor, 
or medically uninsured.
    (b) Legislative Accountability for Impact on Children.--In 
the event legislation enacted to comply with this resolution 
results in an increase in the number of hungry, homeless, poor, 
or medically uninsured by the end of fiscal year 1997, Congress 
shall revisit the provisions of such legislation which caused 
such increase and shall, as soon as practicable thereafter, 
adopt legislation which would halt any continuation of such 
increase.

SEC. 405. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON DEBT REPAYMENT.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) Congress has a basic moral and ethical 
        responsibility to future generations to repay the 
        Federal debt;
            (2) Congress should enact a plan that balances the 
        budget and also develop a regimen for paying off the 
        Federal debt;
            (3) after the budget is balanced, a surplus should 
        be created which can be used to begin paying off the 
        debt; and
            (4) such a plan should be formulated and 
        implemented so that this generation can save future 
        generations from the crushing burdens of the Federal 
        debt.

SEC. 406. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON COMMITMENT TO A BALANCED BUDGET BY 
                    FISCAL YEAR 2002.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President and Congress 
should continue to adhere to the statutory commitment made by 
both parties on November 20, 1995, to enact legislation to 
achieve a balanced budget not later than fiscal year 2002 as 
estimated by the Congressional Budget Office.

SEC. 407. SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT TAX REDUCTIONS SHOULD BENEFIT WORKING 
                    FAMILIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that this concurrent resolution 
on the budget assumes any reductions in taxes should be 
structured to benefit working families by providing family tax 
relief and incentives to stimulate savings, investment, job 
creation, and economic growth.

SEC. 408. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON A BIPARTISAN COMMISSION ON THE SOLVENCY 
                    OF MEDICARE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) the Trustees of medicare have concluded that 
        ``the medicare program is clearly unsustainable in its 
        present form'';
            (2) the Trustees of medicare concluded in 1995 that 
        ``the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, which pays 
        inpatient hospital expenses, will be able to pay 
        benefits for only about 7 years and is severely out of 
        financial balance in the long range'';
            (3) preliminary data made available to Congress 
        indicate that the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund will go 
        bankrupt in the year 2001, rather than the year 2002, 
        as predicted last year;
            (4) the Public Trustees of medicare have concluded 
        that ``the Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund 
        shows a rate of growth of costs which is clearly 
        unsustainable'';
            (5) the Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and 
        Tax Reform concluded that, absent long-term changes in 
        medicare, projected medicare outlays will increase from 
        about 4 percent of the payroll tax base today to over 
        15 percent of the payroll tax base by the year 2030;
            (6) the Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and 
        Tax Reform recommended, by a vote of 30 to 1, that 
        spending and revenues available for medicare must be 
        brought into long-term balance; and
            (7) in the most recent Trustees' report, the Public 
        Trustees of medicare ``strongly recommend that the 
        crisis presented by the financial condition of the 
        medicare trust funds be urgently addressed on a 
        comprehensive basis, including a review of the 
        program's financing methods, benefit provisions, and 
        delivery mechanisms.''
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that in 
order to meet the aggregates and levels in this budget 
resolution--
            (1) a special bipartisan commission should be 
        established immediately to make recommendations 
        concerning the most appropriate response to the short-
        term solvency and long-term sustainability issues 
        facing the medicare program which do not include tax 
        increases in any form, including transfers of spending 
        from the medicare Part A program to the Part B program; 
        and
            (2) the commission should report to Congress its 
        recommendations prior to the adoption of a concurrent 
        budget resolution for fiscal year 1998 in order that 
        the committees of jurisdiction may consider these 
        recommendations in fashioning an appropriate 
        congressional response.

SEC. 409. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MEDICARE TRANSFERS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) home health care provides a broad spectrum of 
        health and social services to approximately 3,500,000 
        medicare beneficiaries in the comfort of their homes;
            (2) the President has proposed reimbursing the 
        first 100 home health care visits after a hospital stay 
        through medicare part A and reimbursing all other 
        visits through medicare part B, shifting responsibility 
        for $55,000,000,000 of spending from the Hospital 
        Insurance Trust Fund to the general revenues that pay 
        for medicare part B;
            (3) such a transfer does nothing to control 
        medicare spending, and is merely a bookkeeping change 
        which artificially extends the solvency of the Hospital 
        Insurance Trust Fund;
            (4) this transfer of funds camouflages the need to 
        make changes in the medicare program to ensure the 
        long-term solvency of the Hospital Insurance Trust 
        Fund, which the Congressional Budget Office now states 
        will become bankrupt in the year 2001, a year earlier 
        than projected in the 1995 report by the Trustees of 
        the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds;
            (5) Congress will be breaking a commitment to the 
        American people if it does not act to ensure the 
        solvency of the entire medicare program in both the 
        short- and long-term;
            (6) the President's proposal would force those in 
        need of chronic care services to rely upon the 
        availability of general revenues to provide financing 
        for these services, making them more vulnerable to 
        benefits changes than under current law; and
            (7) according to the National Association of Home 
        Care, shifting medicare home care payments from part A 
        to part B would deemphasize the importance of home care 
        by eliminating its status as part of the Hospital 
        Insurance Trust Fund, thereby undermining access to the 
        less costly form of care.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that in 
meeting the spending targets specified in the budget 
resolution, Congress should not accept the President's proposal 
to transfer spending from one part of medicare to another in 
its efforts to preserve, protect, and improve the medicare 
program.

SEC. 410. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CHANGES IN THE MEDICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that, in achieving the 
spending levels specified in this resolution--
            (1) the public trustees of medicare have concluded 
        that ``the medicare program is clearly unsustainable in 
        its present form'';
            (2) the President has said his goal is to keep the 
        medicare hospital insurance trust fund solvent for more 
        than a decade, but his budget transfers $55,000,000,000 
        of home health spending from medicare part A to 
        medicare part B;
            (3) the transfer of home health spending threatens 
        the delivery of home health services to 3.5 million 
        medicare beneficiaries;
            (4) such a transfer increases the burden on general 
        revenues, including income taxes paid by working 
        Americans, by $55,000,000,000;
            (5) such a transfer artificially inflates the 
        solvency of the medicare hospital insurance trust fund, 
        misleading Congress, medicare beneficiaries, and 
        working taxpayers;
            (6) the Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
        has certified that, without such a transfer, the 
        President's budget extends the solvency of the hospital 
        insurance trust fund for only one additional year; and
            (7) without misleading transfers, the President's 
        budget therefore fails to achieve his own stated goal 
        for the medicare hospital insurance trust fund.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, 
in achieving the spending levels specified in this resolution, 
Congress assumes that Congress would--
            (1) keep the medicare hospital insurance trust fund 
        solvent for more than a decade, as recommended by the 
        President; and
            (2) accept the President's proposed level of 
        medicare part B savings over the period 1997 through 
        2002; but would
            (3) reject the President's proposal to transfer 
        home health spending from one part of medicare to 
        another, which threatens the delivery of home health 
        care services to 3.5 million medicare beneficiaries, 
        artificially inflates the solvency of the medicare 
        hospital insurance trust fund, and increases the burden 
        on general revenues, including income taxes paid by 
        working Americans, by $55,000,000,000.

SEC. 411. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING REVENUE ASSUMPTIONS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Corporations and individuals have clear 
        responsibility to adhere to environmental laws. When 
        they do not, and environmental damage results, the 
        Federal and State governments may impose fines and 
        penalties, and assess polluters for the cost of 
        remediation.
            (2) Assessment of these costs is important in the 
        enforcement process. They appropriately penalize 
        wrongdoing. They discourage future environmental 
        damage. They ensure that taxpayers do not bear the 
        financial brunt of cleaning up after damages done by 
        polluters.
            (3) In the case of the Exxon Valdez oil spill 
        disaster in Prince William Sound, Alaska, for example, 
        the corporate settlement with the Federal Government 
        totaled $900,000,000.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
assumptions in this resolution assume an appropriate amount of 
revenues per year through legislation that will not allow 
deductions for fines and penalties arising from a failure to 
comply with Federal or State environmental or health protection 
laws.

SEC. 412. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    The assumptions underlying functional totals in this budget 
resolution include:
            (1) Findings.--The Senate finds that:
                    (A) Violence against women is the leading 
                cause of physical injury to women. The 
                Department of Justice estimates that over 1 
                million violent crimes against women are 
                committed by domestic partners annually.
                    (B) Domestic violence dramatically affects 
                the victim's ability to participate in the 
                workforce. A University of Minnesota survey 
                reported that one-quarter of battered women 
                surveyed had lost a job partly because of being 
                abused and that over half of these women had 
                been harassed by their abuser at work.
                    (C) Domestic violence is often intensified 
                as women seek to gain economic independence 
                through attending school or job training 
                programs. Batterers have been reported to 
                prevent women from attending such programs or 
                sabotage their efforts at self-improvement.
                    (D) Nationwide surveys of service providers 
                prepared by the Taylor Institute of Chicago, 
                document, for the first time, the 
                interrelationship between domestic violence and 
                welfare by showing that between 50 percent and 
                80 percent of women in welfare to work programs 
                are current or past victims of domestic 
                violence.
                    (E) The American Psychological Association 
                has reported that violence against women is 
                usually witnessed by their children, who as a 
                result can suffer severe psychological, 
                cognitive and physical damage and some studies 
                have found that children who witness violence 
                in their homes have a greater propensity to 
                commit violent acts in their homes and 
                communities when they become adults.
                    (F) Over half of the women surveyed by the 
                Taylor Institute stayed with their batterers 
                because they lacked the resources to support 
                themselves and their children. The surveys also 
                found that the availability of economic support 
                is a critical factor in women's ability to 
                leave abusive situations that threaten 
                themselves and their children.
                    (G) Proposals to restructure the welfare 
                programs may impact the availability of the 
                economic support and the safety net necessary 
                to enable poor women to flee abuse without 
                risking homelessness and starvation for their 
                families.
            (2) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that:
                    (A) No welfare reform provision should be 
                enacted by Congress unless and until Congress 
                considers whether such welfare reform 
                provisions would exacerbate violence against 
                women and their children, further endanger 
                women's lives, make it more difficult for women 
                to escape domestic violence, or further punish 
                women victimized by violence.
                    (B) Any welfare reform measure enacted by 
                Congress should require that any welfare to 
                work, education, or job placement programs 
                implemented by the States address the impact of 
                domestic violence on welfare recipients.

SEC. 413. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING STUDENT LOANS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) over the last 60 years, education and 
        advancements in knowledge have accounted for 37 percent 
        of our nation's economic growth;
            (2) a college degree significantly increases job 
        stability, resulting in an unemployment rate among 
        college graduates less than half that of those with 
        high school diplomas;
            (3) a person with a bachelor's degree will average 
        50-55 percent more in lifetime earnings than a person 
        with a high school diploma;
            (4) education is a key to providing alternatives to 
        crime and violence, and is a cost-effective strategy 
        for breaking cycles of poverty and moving welfare 
        recipients to work;
            (5) a highly educated populace is necessary to the 
        effective functioning of democracy and to a growing 
        economy, and the opportunity to gain a college 
        education helps advance the American ideals of progress 
        and social equality;
            (6) a highly educated and flexible work force is an 
        essential component of economic growth and 
        competitiveness;
            (7) for many families, Federal Student Aid Programs 
        make the difference in the ability of students to 
        attend college;
            (8) in 1994, nearly 6 million postsecondary 
        students received some kind of financial assistance to 
        help them pay for the costs of schooling;
            (9) since 1988, college costs have risen by 54 
        percent, and student borrowing has increased by 219 
        percent;
            (10) in fiscal year 1996, the Balanced Budget Act 
        achieved savings without reducing student loan limits 
        or increasing fees to students or parents; and
            (11) under this budget resolution student loans 
        will increase from $26.6 billion today to $37.4 billion 
        in 2002; the Congressional Budget Office projects that 
        these are the exact same levels that would occur under 
        President Clinton's student loan policies.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the aggregates and functional levels included in this budget 
resolution assume that savings in student loans can be achieved 
without any program change that would increase costs to 
students and parents or decrease accessibility to student 
loans.

SEC. 414. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ADDITIONAL CHARGES UNDER THE 
                    MEDICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) senior citizens must spend more than 1 dollar 
        in 5 of their limited incomes to purchase the health 
        care they need;
            (2) \2/3\ of spending under the medicare program 
        under title XVIII of the Social Security Act is for 
        senior citizens with annual incomes of less than 
        $15,000;
            (3) fee for service cost increases have forced 
        higher out-of-pocket costs for seniors; and
            (4) the current medicare managed care experience 
        has demonstrated that medicare HMO enrollees face lower 
        out-of-pocket costs when they join HMO's in competitive 
        markets; also, over one half of these enrollees pay no 
        medicare premiums and receive extra benefits free of 
        charge, such as prescription drugs and eye glasses, due 
        to competitive market forces.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
any reconciliation bill considered during the second session of 
the 104th Congress should maintain Medicare beneficiaries right 
to remain in the current Medicare fee-for-service program and 
also should maintain the existing prohibitions against 
additional charges by providers under the Medicare fee-for-
service program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act 
(``balance billing''), and that Medicare beneficiaries should 
be offered the greatest opportunity possible to choose private 
plans that will offer lower out-of-pocket costs than what they 
currently pay in the Medicare fee-for-service program, and to 
choose a health care delivery option that best meets their 
needs.

SEC. 415. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING REQUIREMENTS THAT WELFARE 
                    RECIPIENTS BE DRUG-FREE.

    In recognition of the fact that American workers are 
required to be drug-free in the workplace, it is the sense of 
Congress that this concurrent resolution on the budget assumes 
that the States may require welfare recipients to be drug-free 
as a condition for receiving such benefits and that random drug 
testing may be used to enforce such requirements.

SEC. 416. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON AN ACCURATE INDEX FOR INFLATION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) a significant portion of Federal expenditures 
        and revenues are indexed to measurements of inflation; 
        and
            (2) a variety of inflation indices exist which vary 
        according to the accuracy with which such indices 
        measure increases in the cost of living; and
            (3) Federal Government usage of inflation indices 
        which overstate true inflation has the demonstrated 
        effect of accelerating Federal spending, increasing the 
        Federal budget deficit, increasing Federal borrowing, 
        and thereby enlarging the projected burden on future 
        American taxpayers.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the assumptions underlying this budget resolution include that 
all Federal spending and revenues which are indexed for 
inflation should be calibrated by the most accurate inflation 
indices which are available to the Federal Government.

SEC. 417. SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT THE 1993 INCOME TAX INCREASE ON SOCIAL 
                    SECURITY BENEFITS SHOULD BE REPEALED.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) the fiscal year 1994 budget proposal of 
        President Clinton to raise Federal income taxes on the 
        Social Security benefits of senior citizens with income 
        as low as $25,000, and those provisions of the fiscal 
        year 1994 recommendations of the Budget Resolution and 
        the 1993 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act in which the 
        One Hundred Third Congress voted to raise Federal 
        income taxes on the Social Security benefits of senior 
        citizens with income as low as $34,000 should be 
        repealed;
            (2) President Clinton has stated that he believes 
        he raised Federal taxes too much in 1993; and
            (3) the budget resolution should react to President 
        Clinton's fiscal year 1997 budget which documents the 
        fact that in the history of the United States, the 
        total tax burden has never been greater than it is 
        today.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the assumptions underlying this resolution include--
            (1) that raising Federal income taxes in 1993 on 
        the Social Security benefits of middle-class 
        individuals with income as low as $34,000 was a 
        mistake;
            (2) that the Federal income tax hike on Social 
        Security benefits imposed in 1993 by the One Hundred 
        Third Congress and signed into law by President Clinton 
        should be repealed; and
            (3) President Clinton should work with Congress to 
        repeal the 1993 Federal income tax hike on Social 
        Security benefits in a manner that would not adversely 
        affect the Social Security Trust Fund or the Medicare 
        Part A Trust Fund, and should ensure that such repeal 
        is coupled with offsetting reductions in Federal 
        spending.

SEC. 418. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE ADMINISTRATION'S PRACTICE 
                    REGARDING THE PROSECUTION OF DRUG SMUGGLERS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) drug use is devastating to the Nation, 
        particularly among juveniles, and has led juveniles to 
        become involved in interstate gangs and to participate 
        in violent crime;
            (2) drug use has experienced a dramatic resurgence 
        among our youth;
            (3) the number of youths aged 12-17 using marijuana 
        has increased from 1.6 million in 1992 to 2.9 million 
        in 1994, and the category of ``recent marijuana use'' 
        increased a staggering 200 percent among 14- to 15-
        year-olds over the same period;
            (4) since 1992, there has been a 52 percent jump in 
        the number of high school seniors using drugs on a 
        monthly basis, even as worrisome declines are noted in 
        peer disapproval of drug use;
            (5) 1 in 3 high school students uses marijuana;
            (6) 12- to 17-year-olds who use marijuana are 85 
        percent more likely to graduate to cocaine than those 
        who abstain from marijuana;
            (7) juveniles who reach 21 without ever having used 
        drugs almost never try them later in life;
            (8) the latest results from the Drug Abuse Warning 
        Network show that marijuana-related episodes jumped 39 
        percent and are running at 155 percent above the 1990 
        level, and that methamphetamine cases have risen 256 
        percent over the 1991 level;
            (9) between February 1993 and February 1995 the 
        retail price of a gram of cocaine fell from $172 to 
        $137, and that of a gram of heroin also fell from 
        $2,032 to $1,278;
            (10) it has been reported that the Department of 
        Justice, through the United States Attorney for the 
        Southern District of California, has adopted a policy 
        of allowing certain foreign drug smugglers to avoid 
        prosecution altogether by being released to Mexico;
            (11) it has been reported that in the past year 
        approximately 2,300 suspected narcotics traffickers 
        were taken into custody for bringing illegal drugs 
        across the border, but approximately one in four were 
        returned to their country of origin without being 
        prosecuted;
            (12) it has been reported that the United States 
        Customs Service is operating under guidelines limiting 
        any prosecution in marijuana cases to cases involving 
        125 pounds of marijuana or more;
            (13) it has been reported that suspects possessing 
        as much as 32 pounds of methamphetamine and 37,000 
        Quaalude tablets were not prosecuted but were, instead, 
        allowed to return to their countries of origin after 
        their drugs and vehicles were confiscated;
            (14) it has been reported that after a seizure of 
        158 pounds of cocaine, one defendant was cited and 
        released because there was no room at the Federal jail 
        and charges against her were dropped;
            (15) it has been reported that some smugglers have 
        been caught two or more times--even in the same week--
        yet still were not prosecuted;
            (16) the number of defendants prosecuted for 
        violations of the Federal drug laws has dropped from 
        25,033 in 1992 to 22,926 in 1995;
            (17) this Congress has increased the funding of the 
        Federal Bureau of Prisons by 11.7 percent over the 1995 
        appropriations level; and
            (18) this Congress has increased the funding of the 
        Immigration and Naturalization Service by 23.5 percent 
        over the 1995 appropriations level.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the function totals and aggregates underlying 
        this resolution assume that the Attorney General should 
        promptly investigate this matter and report, within 30 
        days, to the Chair of the Senate and House Committees 
        on the Judiciary; and
            (2) the Attorney General should ensure that cases 
        involving the smuggling of drugs into the United States 
        are vigorously prosecuted.

SEC. 419. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON CORPORATE SUBSIDIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the functional levels and 
aggregates in this budget resolution assume that--
            (1) the Federal budget contains tens of billions of 
        dollars in payments, benefits and programs that 
        primarily assist profit-making enterprises and 
        industries rather than provide a clear and compelling 
        public interest;
            (2) corporate subsidies can provide unfair 
        competitive advantages to certain industries and 
        industry segments;
            (3) at a time when millions of Americans are being 
        asked to sacrifice in order to balance the budget, the 
        corporate sector should bear its share of the burden; 
        and
            (4) Federal payments, benefits, and programs which 
        predominantly benefit a particular industry or segment 
        of an industry, rather than provide a clear and 
        compelling public benefit, should be reformed or 
        terminated in order to provide additional tax relief, 
        deficit reduction, or to achieve the savings necessary 
        to meet this resolution's instructions and levels.

SEC. 420. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING WELFARE REFORM.

    (a) Congress finds that--
            (1) this resolution assumes substantial savings 
        from welfare reform; and
            (2) children born out of wedlock are five times 
        more likely to be poor and about ten times more likely 
        to be extremely poor and therefore are more likely to 
        receive welfare benefits than children from two parent 
        families; and
            (3) high rates of out-of-wedlock births are 
        associated with a host of other social pathologies; for 
        example, children of single mothers are twice as likely 
        to drop out of high school; boys whose fathers are 
        absent are more likely to engage in criminal 
        activities; and girls in single-parent families are 
        three times more likely to have children out of wedlock 
        themselves.
    (b) It is the sense of Congress that any comprehensive 
legislation sent to the President that balances the budget by a 
certain date and that includes welfare reform provisions and 
that is agreed to by Congress and the President shall also 
contain to the maximum extent possible a strategy for reducing 
the rate of out-of-wedlock births and encouraging family 
formation.

SEC. 421. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FCC SPECTRUM AUCTIONS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Congressional Budget Office has scored 
        revenue expected to be raised from the auction of 
        Federal Communications Commission licenses for various 
        services;
            (2) for budget scoring purposes, Congress has 
        assumed that such auctions would occur in a prompt and 
        expeditious manner and that revenue raised by such 
        auctions would flow to the Federal treasury;
            (3) this resolution assumes that the revenue to be 
        raised from auctions totals billions of dollars;
            (4) this resolution makes assumptions that services 
        would be auctioned where the Federal Communications 
        Commission has not yet conducted auctions for such 
        services, such as Local Multipoint Distribution Service 
        (LMDS), licenses for paging services, final broadband 
        PCS licenses, narrow band PCS licenses, licenses for 
        unserved cellular, and Digital Audio Radio (DARS), and 
        other subscription services, revenue from which has 
        been assumed in Congressional budgetary calculations 
        and in determining the level of the deficit; and
            (5) the Commission's service rules can dramatically 
        affect license values and auction revenues and 
        therefore the Commission should act expeditiously and 
        without further delay to conduct auctions of licenses 
        in a manner that maximizes revenue, increases 
        efficiency, and enhances competition.

SEC. 422. SENSE OF THE HOUSE ON EMERGENCIES.

    (a) Findings.--The House of Representatives finds that:
            (1) The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 exempted 
        from the discretionary spending limits and the Pay-As-
        You-Go requirements for entitlement and tax legislation 
        funding requirements that are designated by Congress 
        and the President as an emergency.
            (2) Congress and the President have increasingly 
        misused the emergency designation by--
                    (A) designating as emergencies funding 
                requirements that are predictable and do not 
                pose a threat to life, property, or national 
                security,
                    (B) designating emergencies with the sole 
                purpose of circumventing statutory and 
                congressional spending limitations, and
                    (C) adding to emergency legislation 
                controversial items that would not otherwise 
                withstand public scrutiny.
    (b) Sense of the House.--It is the sense of the House of 
Representatives that in order to balance the Federal budget 
Congress should consider alternative approaches to budgeting 
for emergencies, including codifying the definition of an 
emergency, establishing contingency funds to pay for 
emergencies, and fully offsetting the costs of emergencies with 
rescissions of spending authority that would have been 
obligated but for the rescission.

SEC. 423. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON FUNDING TO ASSIST YOUTH AT RISK.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) there is an increasing prevalence of violence 
        and drug use among this country's youth;
            (2) in recognizing the magnitude of this problem, 
        the Federal Government must continue to maximize 
        efforts in addressing the increasing prevalence of 
        violence and drug use among this country's youth, with 
        necessary adherence to budget guidelines and proven 
        program effectiveness;
            (3) the Federal Bureau of Investigation reports 
        that between 1985 and 1994, juvenile arrests for 
        violent crime increased by 75 percent nationwide;
            (4) the United States Attorney General reports that 
        20 years ago, fewer than half our cities reported gang 
        activity and now, a generation later, reasonable 
        estimates indicate that there are more than 500,000 
        gang members in more than 16,000 gangs on the streets 
        of our cities resulting in more than 580,000 gang-
        related crimes in 1993;
            (5) the Justice Department's Office of Juvenile 
        Justice and Delinquency Prevention reports that in 
        1994, law enforcement agencies made over 2,700,000 
        arrests of persons under age 18, with juveniles 
        accounting for 19 percent of all violent crime arrests 
        across the country;
            (6) the Congressional Task Force on National Drug 
        Policy recently set forth a series of recommendations 
        for strengthening the criminal justice and law 
        enforcement effort, including domestic prevention 
        efforts reinforcing the idea that prevention begins at 
        home;
            (7) the Office of National Drug Control Policy 
        reports that between 1991 and 1995, marijuana use among 
        8th, 10th, and 12th graders has increased and is 
        continuing to spiral upward; and
            (8) the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention 
        reports that in 1993, substance abuse played a role in 
        over 70 percent of rapes, over 60 percent of incidents 
        of child abuse, and almost 60 percent of murders 
        nationwide.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the function totals and aggregates underlying this 
concurrent resolution on the budget assume that--
            (1) sufficient funding should be provided to 
        programs of proven program effectiveness which assist 
        youth at risk to reduce illegal drug use and the 
        incidence of youth crime and violence;
            (2) priority should be given to determine ``what 
        works'' through scientifically recognized, independent 
        evaluations of existing  programs to maximize the 
        Federal investment and efforts should be made to reform 
        those programs of no proven benefit;
            (3) efforts should be made to ensure coordination 
        and eliminate duplication among federally supported at-
        risk youth programs; and
            (4) special efforts should be made to increase 
        successful interdiction of the flow of illegal drugs 
        into the United States and into communities nationwide.

SEC. 424. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON LONG-TERM TRENDS IN BUDGET ESTIMATES.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the report accompanying a concurrent resolution 
        on the budget should include an analysis, prepared 
        after consultation with the Director of the 
        Congressional Budget Office, of the concurrent 
        resolution's impact on likely budgetary trends during 
        the next 30 fiscal years; and
            (2) the President should include in his budget each 
        year, an analysis of the budget's impact on revenues 
        and outlays for entitlements for the period of 30 
        fiscal years, and that the President should also 
        include likely budgetary trends during the next 30 
        fiscal years, and that the President should also 
        include generational accounting information each year 
        in the President's budget.

SEC. 425. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON REPEAL OF THE GAS TAX.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) the President originally proposed a 
        $72,000,000,000 energy excise tax (the so-called BTU 
        tax) as part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
        of 1993 (OBRA 93) which included a new tax on 
        transportation fuels;
            (2) in response to opposition in the Senate to the 
        BTU tax, the President and Congress adopted instead a 
        new 4.3 cents per gallon transportation fuels tax as 
        part of OBRA 93, which represented a 30 percent 
        increase in the existing motor fuels tax;
            (3) the OBRA 93 transportation fuels tax has cost 
        American motorists an estimated $14,000,000,000 to 
        $15,000,000,000 since it went into effect on October 1, 
        1993;
            (4) the OBRA 93 transportation fuels tax is 
        regressive, creating a larger financial impact on lower 
        and middle income motorists than on upper income 
        motorists;
            (5) the OBRA 93 transportation fuels tax imposes a 
        disproportionate burden on rural citizens who do not 
        have access to public transportation services, and who 
        must rely on their automobiles and drive long 
        distances, to work, to shop, and to receive medical 
        care;
            (6) the average American faces a substantial tax 
        burden, and the increase of this tax burden through the 
        OBRA 93 transportation fuels tax represented and 
        continues to represent an inappropriate and unwarranted 
        means of reducing the Nation's budget deficit;
            (7) retail gasoline prices in the United States 
        have increased an average of 19 cents per gallon since 
        the beginning of the year to the highest level since 
        the Persian Gulf War, and the OBRA 93 transportation 
        fuels tax exacerbates the impact of this price increase 
        on consumers;
            (8) continuation of the OBRA 93 transportation 
        fuels tax will exacerbate the impact on consumers of 
        any future gasoline price spikes that result from 
        market conditions; and
            (9) the fiscal year 1997 budget resolution will 
        assume a net tax cut totaling $122,000,000,000 over six 
        years, which exceeds the revenue impact of a repeal of 
        the OBRA 93 transportation fuels tax, and will 
        establish a reserve fund which may be used to provide 
        other forms of tax relief, including relief from the 
        OBRA 93 transportation fuels tax, on a deficit neutral 
        basis.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the revenue levels and procedures in this resolution 
provide that--
            (1) Congress and the President should immediately 
        approve legislation to repeal the 4.3 cents per gallon 
        transportation fuels tax contained in the Omnibus 
        Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 through the end of 
        1996;
            (2) Congress and the President should approve, 
        through the fiscal year 1997 budget process, 
        legislation to permanently repeal the 4.3 cents per 
        gallon transportation fuels tax contained in the 
        Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993; and
            (3) the savings generated by the repeal of the 4.3 
        cents per gallon transportation fuels tax contained in 
        OBRA 93 should be fully passed on to consumers.

SEC. 426. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE USE OF BUDGETARY SAVINGS.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) in August of 1994, the Bipartisan Commission on 
        Entitlement and Tax Reform issued an Interim Report to 
        the President, which found that, ``To ensure that 
        today's debt and spending commitments do not unfairly 
        burden America's children, the Government must act now. 
        A bipartisan coalition of Congress, led by the 
        President, must resolve the long-term imbalance between 
        the Government's entitlement promises and the funds it 
        will have available to pay for them'';
            (2) unless Congress and the President act together 
        in a bipartisan way, overall Federal spending is 
        projected by the Commission to rise from the current 
        level of slightly over 22 percent of the Gross Domestic 
        Product of the United States (hereafter in this section 
        referred as ``GDP'') to over 37 percent of GDP by the 
        year 2030;
            (3) the source of that growth is not domestic 
        discretionary spending, which is approximately the same 
        portion of GDP now as it was in 1969, the last time at 
        which the Federal budget was in balance;
            (4) mandatory spending was only 29.6 percent of the 
        Federal budget in 1963, but is estimated to account for 
        72 percent of the Federal budget in the year 2003;
            (5) social security, medicare and medicaid, 
        together with interest on the national debt, are the 
        largest sources of the growth of mandatory spending;
            (6) ensuring the long-term future of the social 
        security system is essential to protecting the 
        retirement security of the American people;
            (7) the Social Security Trust Fund is projected to 
        begin spending more than it takes in by approximately 
        the year 2013, with Federal budget deficits rising 
        rapidly thereafter unless appropriate policy changes 
        are made;
            (8) ensuring the future of medicare and medicaid is 
        essential to protecting access to high-quality health 
        care for senior citizens and poor women and children;
            (9) Federal health care expenses have been rising 
        at double digit rates, and are projected to triple to 
        11 percent of GDP by the year 2030 unless appropriate 
        policy changes are made; and
            (10) due to demographic factors, Federal health 
        care expenses are projected to double by the year 2030, 
        even if health care cost inflation is restrained after 
        1999, so that costs for each person of a given age grow 
        no faster than the economy.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that budget savings in the mandatory spending area should be 
used--
            (1) to protect and enhance the retirement security 
        of the American people by ensuring the long-term future 
        of the social security system;
            (2) to protect and enhance the health care security 
        of senior citizens and poor Americans by ensuring the 
        long-term future of Medicare and Medicaid; and
            (3) to restore and maintain Federal budget 
        discipline, to ensure that the level of private 
        investment necessary for long-term economic growth and 
        prosperity is available.

SEC. 427. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE TRANSFER OF EXCESS 
                    GOVERNMENT COMPUTERS TO PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

    (a) Assumptions.--The figures contained in this resolution 
are based on the following assumptions:
            (1) America's children must obtain the necessary 
        skills and tools needed to succeed in the 
        technologically advanced 21st century;
            (2) Executive Order 12999 outlines the need to make 
        modern computer technology an integral part of every 
        classroom, provide teachers with the professional 
        development they need to use new technologies 
        effectively, connect classrooms to the National 
        Information Infrastructure, and encourage the creation 
        of excellent education software;
            (3) many private corporations have donated 
        educational software to schools, which are lacking the 
        necessary computer hardware to utilize this equipment;
            (4) current inventories of excess Federal 
        Government computers are being conducted in each 
        Federal agency; and
            (5) there is no current communication being made 
        between Federal agencies with this excess equipment and 
        the schools in need of these computers.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the functional totals and aggregates in this budget 
resolution assume that the General Services Administration 
should place a high priority on facilitating direct transfer of 
excess Federal Government computers to public schools and 
community-based educational organizations.

SEC. 428. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON FEDERAL RETREATS.

    It is the sense of the Senate that the assumptions 
underlying the function totals and aggregates in this 
resolution assume that all Federal agencies will refrain from 
using Federal funds for expenses incurred during training 
sessions or retreats off Federal property, unless Federal 
property is not available.

SEC. 429. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE 
                    PROGRAM OF THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) the essential air service program of the 
        Department of Transportation under subchapter II of 
        chapter 417 of title 49, United States Code--
                    (A) provides essential airline access to 
                isolated rural communities across the United 
                States;
                    (B) is necessary for the economic growth 
                and development of rural communities;
                    (C) connects small rural communities to the 
                national air transportation system of the 
                United States;
                    (D) is a critical component of the national 
                transportation system of the United States; and
                    (E) provides air service to 108 communities 
                in 30 States; and
            (2) the National Commission to Ensure a Strong 
        Competitive Airline Industry established under section 
        204 of the Airport and Airway Safety, Capacity, Noise 
        Improvement, and Intermodal Transportation Act of 1992 
        recommended maintaining the essential air service 
        program with a sufficient level of funding to continue 
        to provide air service to small communities.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the essential air service program of the Department of 
Transportation under subchapter II of chapter 417 of title 49, 
United States Code, should receive a sufficient level of 
funding to continue to provide air service to small rural 
communities that qualify for assistance under the program.

SEC. 430. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING EQUAL RETIREMENT SAVINGS FOR 
                    HOMEMAKERS.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that the assumptions of 
this budget resolution take into account that--
            (1) by teaching and feeding our children and caring 
        for our elderly, American homemakers are an important, 
        vital part of our society;
            (2) homemakers retirement needs are the same as all 
        Americans, and thus they need every opportunity to save 
        and invest for retirement;
            (3) because they are living on a single income, 
        homemakers and their spouses often have less income for 
        savings;
            (4) individual retirement accounts are provided by 
        Congress in the Internal Revenue Code to assist 
        Americans for retirement savings;
            (5) currently, individual retirement accounts 
        permit workers other than homemakers to make deductible 
        contributions of $2,000 a year, but limit homemakers to 
        deductible contributions of $250 a year;
            (6) limiting homemakers individual retirement 
        account contributions to an amount less than the 
        contributions of other workers discriminates against 
        homemakers.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the revenue level assumed in this budget resolution 
provides for legislation to make individual retirement account 
deductible contribution limits for homemakers equal to the 
individual retirement account deductible contribution limits 
for all other American workers, and that Congress and the 
President should immediately approve such legislation in the 
appropriate reconciliation vehicle.

SEC. 431. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 
                    FUNDING FOR ANTI-ADDICTION DRUGS.

    It is the sense of the Senate that amounts appropriated for 
the National Institutes of Health should provide funding for 
additional research on an anti-addiction drug to block the 
craving for illicit addictive substances.

SEC. 432. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE EXTENSION OF THE EMPLOYER 
                    EDUCATION ASSISTANCE EXCLUSION UNDER SECTION 127 OF 
                    THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) since 1978, over 7,000,000 American workers 
        have benefited from the employer education assistance 
        exclusion under section 127 of the Internal Revenue 
        Code of 1986 by being able to improve their education 
        and acquire new skills without having to pay taxes on 
        the benefit;
            (2) American companies have benefited by improving 
        the education and skills of their employees who in turn 
        can contribute more to their company;
            (3) the American economy becomes more globally 
        competitive because an educated workforce is able to 
        produce more and to adapt more rapidly to changing 
        technologies;
            (4) American companies are experiencing 
        unprecedented global competition and the value and 
        necessity of life-long education for their employees 
        has increased;
            (5) the employer education assistance exclusion was 
        first enacted in 1978;
            (6) the exclusion has been extended 7 previous 
        times;
            (7) the last extension expired December 31, 1994; 
        and
            (8) the exclusion has received broad bipartisan 
        support.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the revenue level assumed in the Budget Resolution 
accommodate an extension of the employer education assistance 
exclusion under section 127 of the Internal Revenue Code of 
1986 from January 1, 1995, through December 31, 1996.

SEC. 433. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 
                    ADMINISTRATION PLACING HIGH PRIORITY ON MAINTAINING 
                    FIELD-BASED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT REPRESENTATIVES.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate makes the following findings:
            (1) The Economic Development Administration plays a 
        crucial role in helping economically disadvantaged 
        regions of the United States develop infrastructure 
        that supports and promotes greater economic activity 
        and growth, particularly in nonurban regions.
            (2) The Economic Development Administration helps 
        to promote industrial park development, business 
        incubators, water and sewer system improvements, 
        vocational and technical training facilities, tourism 
        development strategies, technical assistance and 
        capacity building for local governments, economic 
        adjustment strategies, revolving loan funds, and other 
        projects which the private sector has not generated or 
        will not generate without some assistance from the 
        Government through the Economic Development 
        Administration.
            (3) The Economic Development Administration 
        maintains 6 regional offices which oversee staff that 
        are designated field-based representatives of the 
        Economic Development Administration, and these field-
        based representatives provide valuable expertise and 
        counseling on economic planning and development to 
        nonurban communities.
            (4) The Economic Development Administration 
        Regional Centers are located in the urban areas of 
        Austin, Seattle, Denver, Atlanta, Philadelphia, and 
        Chicago.
            (5) Because of a 37-percent reduction in approved 
        funding for salaries and expenses from fiscal year 
        1995, the Economic Development Administration has 
        initiated staff reductions requiring the elimination of 
        8 field-based positions. The field-based economic 
        development representative positions that are either 
        being eliminated or not replaced after voluntary 
        retirement and which currently interact with nonurban 
        communities on economic development efforts cover the 
        States of New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, North Dakota, 
        Oklahoma, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Connecticut, Rhode 
        Island, and North Carolina.
            (6) These staff cutbacks will adversely affect 
        States with very low per-capita personal income, 
        including New Mexico which ranks 47th in the Nation in 
        per-capita personal income, Oklahoma ranking 46th, 
        North Dakota ranking 42nd, Arizona ranking 35th, Maine 
        ranking 34th, and North Carolina ranking 33rd.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the functional totals and aggregates underlying this 
budget resolution assume that--
            (1) it is regrettable that the Economic Development 
        Administration has elected to reduce field-based 
        economic development representatives who are fulfilling 
        the Economic Development Administration's mission of 
        interacting with and counseling nonurban communities in 
        economically disadvantaged regions of the United 
        States;
            (2) the Economic Development Administration should 
        take all necessary and appropriate actions to ensure 
        that field-based economic development representation 
        receives high priority; and
            (3) the Economic Development Administration should 
        reconsider the planned termination of field-based 
        economic development representatives responsible for 
        States that are economically disadvantaged, and that 
        this reconsideration take place without delay.

SEC. 434. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON LIHEAP.

    (a) Findings--The Senate finds that:
            (1) Home energy assistance for working and low-
        income families with children, the elderly on fixed 
        incomes, the disabled, and others who need such aid is 
        a critical part of the social safety net in cold-
        weather areas during the winter, and a source of 
        necessary cooling aid during the summer;
            (2) LIHEAP is a highly targeted, cost-effective way 
        to help millions of low-income Americans pay their home 
        energy bills. More than two-thirds of LIHEAP-eligible 
        households have annual incomes of less than $8,000, 
        more than one-half have annual incomes below $6,000; 
        and
            (3) LIHEAP funding has been substantially reduced 
        in recent years, and cannot sustain further spending 
        cuts if the program is to remain a viable means of 
        meeting the home heating and other energy-related needs 
        of low-income families, especially those in cold-
        weather States.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--The assumptions underlying this 
budget resolution assume that it is the sense of the Senate 
that the funds made available for LIHEAP for fiscal year 1997 
will be not less than the actual expenditures made for LIHEAP 
in fiscal year 1996.

SEC. 435. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON DAVIS-BACON.

    Notwithstanding any provision of this resolution, it is the 
sense of the Senate that the provisions in this resolution do 
not assume the repeal but rather reform of the Davis-Bacon Act.

SEC. 436. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON REIMBURSEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR 
                    OPERATIONS SOUTHERN WATCH AND PROVIDE COMFORT.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) as of May 1996, the United States has spent 
        $2,937,000,000 of United States taxpayer funds since 
        the conclusion of the Gulf War in 1991 for the singular 
        purpose of protecting the Kurdish and Shiite population 
        from Iraqi aggression;
            (2) the President's defense budget request for 1997 
        includes an additional $590,100,000 for Operations 
        Southern Watch and Provide Comfort, both of which are 
        designed to restrict Iraqi military aggression against 
        the Kurdish and Shiite people of Iraq;
            (3) costs for these military operations constitute 
        part of the continued budget deficit of the United 
        States; and
            (4) United Nations Security Council Resolution 986 
        (1995) (referred to as ``SCR 986'') would allow Iraq to 
        sell up to $1,000,000,000 in petroleum and petroleum 
        products every 90 days, for an initial period of 180 
        days.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that the assumptions underlying the function totals and 
aggregates in this resolution assume that--
            (1) the President should instruct the United States 
        Permanent Representative to the United Nations to 
        ensure any subsequent extension of authority beyond the 
        180 days originally provided by SCR 986 specifically 
        mandates and authorizes the reimbursement of the United 
        States for costs associated with Operations Southern 
        Watch and Provide Comfort out of revenues generated by 
        any sale of petroleum or petroleum-related products 
        originating from Iraq;
            (2) in the event that the United States Permanent 
        Representative to the United Nations fails to modify 
        the terms of any subsequent resolution extending the 
        authority granted by SCR 986 as called for in paragraph 
        (1), the President should reject any United Nations' 
        action or resolution seeking to extend the terms of the 
        oil sale beyond the 180 days authorized by SCR 986;
            (3) the President should take the necessary steps 
        to ensure that--
                    (A) any effort by the United Nations to 
                temporarily lift the trade embargo for 
                humanitarian purposes, specifically the sale of 
                petroleum or petroleum products, restricts all 
                revenues from such sale from being diverted to 
                benefit the Iraqi military; and
                    (B) the temporary lifting of the trade 
                embargo does not encourage other countries to 
                take steps to begin promoting commercial 
                relations with the Iraqi military in 
                expectation that sanctions will be permanently 
                lifted; and
            (4) revenues reimbursed to the United States from 
        the oil sale authorized by SCR 986, or any subsequent 
        action or resolution, should be used to reduce the 
        Federal budget deficit.

SEC. 437. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON SOLVENCY OF THE MEDICARE TRUST FUND.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that repeal of certain 
provisions from the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 
would move the insolvency date of the HI (Medicare) Trust Fund 
forward by a full year.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that no provisions in this budget resolution should worsen the 
solvency of the Medicare Trust Fund.

SEC. 438. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN 
                    FUND.

    It is the sense of the Senate that the assumptions 
underlying the functional totals in this resolution assume that 
when the Finance Committee meets its outlay and revenue 
obligations under this resolution the committee should not make 
any changes in the Presidential Election Campaign Fund or its 
funding mechanism and should meet its revenue and outlay 
targets through other programs within its jurisdiction.

SEC. 439. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE FUNDING OF AMTRAK.

    (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that--
            (1) a capital funding stream is essential to the 
        ability of the National Rail Passenger Corporation 
        (``Amtrak'') to reduce its dependence on Federal 
        operating support; and
            (2) Amtrak needs a secure source of financing, no 
        less favorable than provided to other modes of 
        transportation, for capital improvements.
    (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
that--
            (1) revenues attributable to one-half cent per 
        gallon of the excise taxes imposed on gasoline, special 
        motor fuel, and diesel fuel from the Mass Transit 
        Account should be dedicated to a new Intercity 
        Passenger Rail Trust Fund during the period January 1, 
        1997, through September 30, 2001;
            (2) revenues would not be deposited in the 
        Intercity Passenger Rail Trust Fund during any fiscal 
        year to the extent that the deposit is estimated to 
        result in available revenues in the Mass Transit 
        Account being insufficient to satisfy that year's 
        estimated appropriation levels;
            (3) monies in the Intercity Passenger Rail Trust 
        Fund should be generally available to fund, on a 
        reimbursement basis, capital expenditures incurred by 
        Amtrak;
            (4) amounts to fund capital expenditures related to 
        rail operations should be set aside for each State that 
        has not had Amtrak service in such State for the 
        preceding year; and
            (5) funding provided by the Intercity Passenger 
        Rail Trust Fund shall be made available subject to 
        appropriations and shall not increase mandatory 
        spending.
      And the Senate agree to the same.

                From the Committee on the Budget, for 
                consideration of the House concurrent 
                resolution and the Senate amendment, and 
                modifications committed to conference:

                                   John Kasich,
                                   Dave Hobson,
                                   Bob Walker,
                                   Jim Kolbe,
                                   Christopher Shays,
                                   Wally Herger,
                                 Managers on the Part of the House.

                                   Pete V. Domenici,
                                   Chuck Grassley,
                                   Don Nickles,
                                   Phil Gramm,
                                   Christopher S. Bond,
                                   Slade Gorton,
                                Managers on the Part of the Senate.
       JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE

      The managers on the part of the Senate and the House at 
the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on 
the amendment of the Senate to the concurrent resolution (House 
Concurrent Resolution 178), setting forth the congressional 
budget for the United States for fiscal years 1997, 1998, 1999, 
2000, 2001, and 2002, submit the following joint statement to 
the House and the Senate in explanation of the effect of the 
action agreed upon by the managers and recommend in the 
accompanying conference report:
      The Senate amendment struck out all of the House 
resolution after the resolving clause and inserted a substitute 
text.
      The House recedes from its disagreement to the amendment 
of the Senate with an amendment which is a substitute for the 
House resolution and the Senate amendment.

                EXPLANATION OF THE CONFERENCE AGREEMENT

            Principal Components of the Conference Agreement

      The conference agreement on the budget resolution for 
fiscal year 1997 achieves a balanced Federal budget by 2002. It 
calls for tax relief of $122.4 billion over 6 years, 
principally through a $500-per-child middle-class tax credit. 
It recommends comprehensive reform of the Nation's failed 
welfare system, slowing the growth of Federal welfare spending 
by $53 billion over 6 years, and restraining the increase in 
Federal Medicaid spending by $72 billion over 6 years.
      The agreement also endorses comprehensive reform of the 
Medicare program for the Nation's seniors and disabled 
beneficiaries. Under the plan assumed in the conference 
agreement, the solvency of the Medicare Part A [hospital 
insurance] trust fund would be extended 10 years. Total 
Medicare spending would increase an average of 6.2 percent a 
year, with a 6-year spending total of $1.479 trillion. Spending 
per beneficiary would increase, on average, from $5,200 in 1996 
to $7,000 in 2002. These spending levels assume no increases in 
beneficiary copayments or deductibles.
      The conference agreement also reflects House and Senate 
emphasis on funding national priorities such as strengthening 
national security, enhancing benefits for the Nation's 
veterans, boosting law enforcement and crime prevention, 
improving education, protecting the environment and the 
Nation's parks, advancing basic research to create new 
knowledge, and transitioning agriculture to a more market-
oriented system.

                          Displays and Amounts

      The contents of concurrent budget resolutions are set 
forth in section 301(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974.
      House Resolution. The House budget resolution includes 
all of the items required as part of a concurrent budget 
resolution under section 301(a) of the Congressional Budget Act 
other than the spending and revenue levels for Social Security 
(which is used to enforce a point of order applicable only in 
the Senate).
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment includes all of 
the items required under section 301(a) of the Congressional 
Budget Act. As permitted under section 301(b) of the 
Congressional Budget Act, section 102 of the Senate amendment 
includes amounts of the increase in the public debt subject to 
limitation. Section 101(1)(c) of the Senate amendment also 
includes the total amount of revenues from payroll taxes for 
Medicare Part A.
      Conference Agreement. The House recedes to the Senate 
amendment.

                     Aggregates and Function Levels

                                                                    HOUSE RESOLUTION                                                                    
                                                                [In millions of dollars]                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Fiscal year--                                         
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------  1997-2002 
                                                                        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total Spending:                                                                                                                                       
    On-budget............................  BA......................   1,311,284   1,357,208   1,386,338   1,428,397   1,450,450   1,497,756    8,431,433
                                           O.......................   1,306,921   1,350,905   1,379,428   1,413,490   1,428,809   1,463,504    8,343,057
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     318,579     335,264     347,616     358,261     376,514     388,716    2,124,950
                                           O.......................     311,138     324,587     334,239     348,791     365,011     378,874    2,062,640
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................   1,629,863   1,692,472   1,733,954   1,786,658   1,826,964   1,886,472   10,556,383
                                           O.......................   1,618,059   1,675,492   1,713,667   1,762,281   1,793,820   1,842,378   10,405,697
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Revenues:                                                                                                                                             
    On-budget............................  ........................   1,085,197   1,130,260   1,176,070   1,229,500   1,288,832   1,358,053    7,267,912
    Off-budget...........................  ........................     385,176     402,448     423,586     445,268     465,321     487,510    2,609,309
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................   1,470,373   1,532,708   1,599,656   1,674,768   1,754,153   1,845,563    9,877,221
                                                                    ====================================================================================
   Deficit/Surplus:                                                                                                                                     
    On-budget............................  ........................     221,724     220,645     203,358     183,990     139,977     105,451    1,075,145
    Off-budget...........................  ........................     -74,038     -77,861     -89,347     -96,477    -100,310    -108,636     -546,669
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................     147,686     142,784     114,011      87,513      39,667      -3,185      528,476
                                                                    ====================================================================================
   050: National Defense                                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................     267,183     268,958     271,677     274,377     277,121     280,101    1,639,417
                                           O.......................     264,846     263,618     267,049     270,841     270,025     270,122   1,606,501 
  150: International Affairs                                                                                                                            
                                           BA......................      13,732      11,551      10,576      11,089      10,890      11,009       68,847
                                           O.......................      14,963      13,484      12,467      11,025      10,584      10,281      72,804 
  250: General Science, Space, and Technology                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................      16,537      16,428      16,313      16,159      15,934      15,602       96,973
                                           O.......................      16,697      16,494      16,224      16,111      15,943      15,673      97,142 
  270: Energy                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................       2,380       2,441       2,034       1,697       1,782       1,430       11,764
                                           O.......................       2,729       2,078       1,327         815         740         231       7,920 
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................      20,529      18,902      19,713      18,399      18,994      18,860      115,397
                                           O.......................      21,322      19,654      20,409      18,950      19,205      18,910     118,450 
  350: Agriculture                                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................      11,840      11,750      11,367      10,714       9,497       8,964       64,132
                                           O.......................      10,238       9,855       9,483       8,843       7,730       7,181      53,330 
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  BA......................       7,838       9,464      10,476      12,448      11,268      11,598       63,092
                                           O.......................      -2,319       5,752       6,043       7,320       7,283       7,218       31,297
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................       1,119       4,724       3,627         402       3,394           0       13,266
                                           O.......................         720       1,581      -1,666        -479       1,112           0        1,268
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................       8,957      14,188      14,103      12,850      14,662      11,598       76,358
                                           O.......................      -1,599       7,333       4,377       6,841       8,395       7,218      32,565 
  400: Transportation                                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      41,737      43,541      43,961      44,103      44,531      45,045      262,918
                                           O.......................      39,007      37,635      36,111      35,236      34,526      34,042     216,557 
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................       6,672       6,605       6,559       6,595       6,243       6,153       38,827
                                           O.......................      10,149       8,640       7,820       7,040       6,655       6,161      46,465 
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                                                             
                                           BA......................      46,965      47,416      48,046      48,696      49,410      50,092      290,625
                                           O.......................      49,504      48,112      47,817      48,209      48,704      49,335     291,681 
  550: Health                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................     129,918     137,726     144,995     152,961     161,114     167,926      894,640
                                           O.......................     130,276     138,064     145,168     152,890     160,789     167,476     894,663 
  570: Medicare                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................     193,165     207,183     217,250     229,309     241,641     255,121    1,343,669
                                           O.......................     191,481     205,458     214,978     227,560     239,907     252,720   1,332,104 
  600: Income Security                                                                                                                                  
                                           BA......................     232,612     241,254     244,842     262,510     262,260     281,100    1,524,578
                                           O.......................     240,107     244,185     251,716     263,060     265,271     277,213   1,541,552 
  650: Social Security                                                                                                                                  
    On-budget............................  BA......................       7,812       8,476       9,219       9,979      10,775      11,607       57,868
                                           BA......................      10,543      11,213      11,922      12,662      13,458      14,290       74,088
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     364,638     382,465     401,221     421,027     442,532     465,007    2,476,890
                                           O.......................     357,596     374,931     393,137     412,438     433,311     455,165    2,426,578
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     372,450     390,941     410,440     431,006     453,307     476,614    2,534,758
                                           O.......................     368,139     386,144     405,059     425,100     446,769     469,455   2,500,666 
  700: Veterans Benefits and Services                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      39,117      38,458      37,712      37,713      38,002      39,713      230,715
                                           O.......................      39,654      39,321      38,063      39,427      36,882      39,912     233,259 
  750: Administration of Justice                                                                                                                        
                                           BA......................      22,125      22,302      23,186      23,235      20,746      20,740      132,334
                                           O.......................      19,930      21,162      22,241      22,944      20,704      20,700     127,681 
  800: General Government                                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................      11,372      13,314      12,592      12,987      12,549      13,020       75,834
                                           O.......................      11,747      13,640      12,928      13,364      12,454      12,321      76,454 
  900: Net Interest                                                                                                                                     
    On-budget............................  BA......................     282,653     288,947     292,607     294,004     298,041     302,443    1,758,695
                                           O.......................     282,653     288,947     292,607     294,004     298,041     302,443    1,758,695
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     -40,555     -44,900     -49,690     -54,979     -60,722     -66,864     -317,710
                                           O.......................     -40,555     -44,900     -49,690     -54,979     -60,722     -66,864     -317,710
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     242,098     244,047     242,917     239,025     237,319     235,579    1,440,985
                                           O.......................     242,098     244,047     242,917     239,025     237,319     235,579   1,440,985 
  920: Allowances                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................       2,671      -1,934      -2,025      -2,038      -2,026      -2,182       -7,534
                                           O.......................      -1,032        -833        -183        -271      -1,770      -2,139      -6,228 
  950: Offsetting Receipts                                                                                                                              
    On-budget............................  BA......................     -45,574     -35,574     -34,762     -36,540     -38,322     -40,586     -231,358
                                           O.......................     -45,574     -35,574     -34,762     -36,540     -38,322     -40,586     -231,358
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................      -6,623      -7,025      -7,542      -8,189      -8,690      -9,427      -47,496
                                           O.......................      -6,623      -7,025      -7,542      -8,189      -8,690      -9,427      -47,496
      Total..............................  BA......................     -52,197     -42,599     -42,304     -44,729     -47,012     -50,013     -278,854
                                           O.......................     -52,197     -42,599     -42,304     -44,729     -47,012     -50,013     -278,854
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                                    SENATE AMENDMENT                                                                    
                                                                [In billions of dollars]                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Fiscal year--                                         
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------  1997-2002 
                                                                        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total Spending:                                                                                                                                       
    On-budget............................  BA......................     1,321.6     1,360.9     1,391.6     1,434.7     1,455.7     1,499.1      8,463.6
                                           O.......................     1,317.1     1,352.7     1,381.6     1,416.6     1,434.7     1,467.4      8,370.1
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................       318.5       335.3       347.6       358.2       376.5       388.7      2,124.8
                                           O.......................       311.1       324.5       334.2       348.7       365.0       378.9      2,062.4
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     1,640.1     1,696.2     1,739.2     1,792.9     1,832.2     1,887.8     10,588.4
                                           O.......................     1,628.2     1,677.2     1,715.8     1,765.3     1,799.7     1,846.3     10,432.5
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Revenues:                                                                                                                                             
    On-budget............................  ........................     1,086.2     1,129.9     1,176.1     1,229.9     1,289.6     1,359.1      7,270.8
    Off-budget...........................  ........................       385.0       402.3       423.4       445.1       465.2       487.3      2,608.3
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................     1,471.2     1,532.2     1,599.5     1,675.0     1,754.8     1,846.4      9,879.1
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Deficit/Surplus:                                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  ........................       230.9       222.8       205.5       186.7       145.1       108.3      1,099.3
    Off-budget...........................  ........................       -73.9       -77.8       -89.2       -96.4      -100.2      -108.4       -545.9
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................       157.0       145.0       116.3        90.3        44.9        -0.1        553.4
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  050: National Defense                                                                                                                                 
                                           BA......................       265.6       267.1       269.5       271.8       274.2       276.9      1,625.1
                                           O.......................       263.7       262.1       265.1       268.6       267.5       267.2      1,594.2
  150: International Affairs                                                                                                                            
                                           BA......................        14.2        12.7        11.6        12.0        12.4        12.7         75.6
                                           O.......................        14.9        13.6        12.6        11.4        11.5        11.5         75.5
  250: General Science, Space, and Technology                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................        16.7        16.1        15.7        15.4        15.5        15.5         94.9
                                           O.......................        16.8        16.3        15.9        15.5        15.5        15.5         95.5
  270: Energy                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................         3.7         2.9         2.6         2.5         2.7         2.4         16.8
                                           O.......................         3.1         2.2         1.8         1.6         1.6         1.2         11.5
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................        20.3        20.0        19.9        19.5        19.4        19.3        118.4
                                           O.......................        21.5        20.9        20.6        20.1        19.6        19.4        122.1
  350: Agriculture                                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................        12.8        12.5        12.2        11.5        10.5        10.3         69.8
                                           O.......................        11.0        10.6        10.3         9.7         8.7         8.4         58.7
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  BA......................         8.1         9.6        10.6        12.6        11.4        11.7         64.0
                                           O.......................        -2.4         5.7         6.1         7.5         7.4         7.4         31.7
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................         1.1         4.7         3.6         0.4         3.4           0         13.2
                                           O.......................         0.7         1.5        -1.7        -0.5         1.1           0          1.1
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................         9.2        14.3        14.2        13.0        14.8        11.7         77.2
                                           O.......................        -1.7         7.2         4.4         7.0         8.5         7.4         32.8
  400: Transportation                                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................        42.6        43.3        43.8        43.5        43.7        44.0        260.9
                                           O.......................        39.3        37.0        35.6        34.1        33.7        33.2        212.9
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................         9.9         6.7         6.7         6.7         6.7         6.6         43.3
                                           O.......................        10.8         9.5         8.6         7.7         7.2         6.7         50.5
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                                                             
                                           BA......................        51.4        49.0        50.2        51.0        51.8        52.6        306.0
                                           O.......................        51.5        48.9        49.4        50.2        50.9        51.7        302.6
  550: Health                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................       132.4       137.4       144.0       152.8       160.3       167.2        894.1
                                           O.......................       132.4       137.8       144.1       152.7       159.9       166.7        893.6
  570: Medicare                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................       191.8       205.3       216.0       228.5       241.1       253.5      1,336.2
                                           O.......................       190.1       203.5       213.7       226.7       239.3       251.1      1,324.4
  600: Income Security                                                                                                                                  
                                           BA......................       232.4       241.9       246.5       264.6       264.1       282.8      1,532.3
                                           O.......................       240.3       245.2       253.0       264.5       268.5       281.1      1,552.6
  650: Social Security                                                                                                                                  
    On-budget............................  BA......................         7.8         8.5         9.2        10.0        10.8        11.6         57.9
                                           O.......................        10.5        11.2        11.9        12.7        13.5        14.3         74.1
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................       364.6       382.5       401.2       421.0       442.5       465.0      2,476.8
                                           O.......................       357.6       374.9       393.1       412.4       433.3       455.2      2,426.5
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................       372.4       391.0       410.4       431.0       453.3       476.6      2,534.7
                                           O.......................       368.1       386.1       405.0       425.1       446.8       469.5      2,500.6
  700: Veterans Benefits and Services                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................        39.0        38.6        38.7        38.7        38.8        39.0        232.8
                                           O.......................        39.5        39.3        39.3        40.4        37.7        39.3        235.5
  750: Administration of Justice                                                                                                                        
                                           BA......................        21.7        22.3        23.3        23.3        19.9        19.9        130.4
                                           O.......................        20.6        21.6        22.4        23.0        19.8        19.8        127.2
  800: General Government                                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................        13.8        13.6        13.3        13.2        13.3        13.5         80.7
                                           O.......................        13.7        13.6        13.3        13.1        13.2        13.3         80.2
  900: Net Interest                                                                                                                                     
    On-budget............................  BA......................       282.7       289.3       293.1       294.6       298.8       303.4      1,761.9
                                           O.......................       282.7       289.3       293.1       294.6       298.8       303.4      1,761.9
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................       -40.6       -44.9       -49.7       -55.0       -60.7       -66.9       -317.8
                                           O.......................       -40.6       -44.9       -49.7       -55.0       -60.7       -66.9       -317.8
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................       242.1       244.4       243.4       239.6       238.1       236.5      1,444.1
                                           O.......................       242.1       244.4       243.4       239.6       238.1       236.5      1,444.1
  920: Allowances                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................        -1.6        -0.2        -0.4        -0.8        -1.2        -3.7         -7.9
                                           O.......................         0.8         0.1        -0.3        -0.8        -1.1        -3.7         -5.0
  950: Offsetting Receipts                                                                                                                              
    On-budget............................  BA......................       -43.7       -35.7       -34.9       -36.7       -38.5       -40.1       -229.6
                                           O.......................       -43.7       -35.7       -34.9       -36.7       -38.5       -40.1       -229.6
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................        -6.6        -7.0        -7.5        -8.2        -8.7        -9.4        -47.4
                                           O.......................        -6.6        -7.0        -7.5        -8.2        -8.7        -9.4        -47.4
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................       -50.3       -42.7       -42.4       -44.9       -47.2       -49.5       -277.0
                                           O.......................       -50.3       -42.7       -42.4       -44.9       -47.2       -49.5       -277.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                              CONFERENCE AGREEMENT--TOTALS                                                              
                                                                [In millions of dollars]                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Fiscal year--                                         
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------    6-year  
                                                                        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        total   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total Spending:                                                                                                                                       
    On-budget............................  BA......................   1,314,760   1,362,075   1,392,403   1,433,371   1,453,873   1,496,063    8,452,545
                                           O.......................   1,311,011   1,354,668   1,383,872   1,416,493   1,432,423   1,462,900    8,361,367
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     318,579     335,264     347,616     358,261     376,514     388,716    2,124,950
                                           O.......................     311,138     324,587     334,239     348,791     365,011     378,874    2,062,640
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................   1,633,339   1,697,339   1,740,019   1,791,632   1,830,387   1,884,779   10,577,495
                                           O.......................   1,622,149   1,679,255   1,718,111   1,765,284   1,797,434   1,841,774   10,424,007
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Reveues:                                                                                                                                              
    On-budget............................  ........................   1,083,728   1,130,269   1,177,467   1,231,178   1,290,661   1,359,046    7,272,349
    Off-budget...........................  ........................     385,010     402,282     423,420     445,102     465,155     487,344    2,608,313
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................   1,468,738   1,532,551   1,600,887   1,676,280   1,755,816   1,846,390    9,880,662
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Deficit/Surplus:                                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  ........................     227,283     224,399     206,405     185,315     141,762     103,854  ...........
    Off-budget...........................  ........................     -73,872     -77,695     -89,181     -96,311    -100,144    -108,470  ...........
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................     153,411     146,704     117,224      89,004      41,618      -4,616  ...........
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  050: National Defense                                                                                                                                 
                                           BA......................     265,583     268,198     270,797     273,337     275,961     278,821    1,632,697
                                           O.......................     264,146     263,018     266,289     269,961     269,025     268,962   1,601,401 
  150: International Affairs                                                                                                                            
                                           BA......................      14,308      12,120      11,095      11,556      11,664      11,864       72,607
                                           O.......................      15,201      13,519      12,520      11,235      11,022      10,896      74,393 
  250: Science, Space, and Technology                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      16,788      16,249      16,012      15,775      15,700      15,573       96,097
                                           O.......................      16,865      16,421      16,053      15,805      15,717      15,611      96,472 
  270: Energy                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................       3,728       2,830       2,512       2,272       2,385       2,069       15,796
                                           O.......................       3,080       2,328       1,758       1,351       1,329         874      10,720 
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................      20,879      18,862      19,787      18,604      19,170      19,098      116,400
                                           O.......................      21,707      19,698      20,515      19,125      19,418      19,169     119,632 
  350: Agriculture                                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................      12,811      12,122      11,799      11,146      10,015       9,627       67,520
                                           O.......................      10,985      10,220       9,898       9,268       8,229       7,822      56,422 
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  BA......................       8,186       9,561      10,575      12,543      11,363      11,695       63,923
                                           O.......................      -2,307       5,746       6,109       7,414       7,377       7,312       31,651
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................       1,119       4,724       3,627         402       3,394           0       13,266
                                           O.......................         720       1,581      -1,666        -479       1,112           0        1,268
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................       9,305      14,285      14,202      12,945      14,757      11,695       77,189
                                           O.......................      -1,587       7,327       4,443       6,935       8,489       7,312      32,919 
  400: Transportation                                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      42,635      43,427      43,904      43,798      44,104      44,518      262,386
                                           O.......................      39,311      37,306      35,886      34,678      34,121      33,624     214,926 
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................       8,218       6,651       6,611       6,656       6,466       6,367       40,969
                                           O.......................      10,321       8,982       8,111       7,267       6,819       6,334      47,834 
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                                                             
                                           BA......................      48,983      47,428      48,197      48,931      49,686      50,409      293,634
                                           O.......................      49,964      47,758      47,761      48,319      48,953      49,629     292,384 
  550: Health                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................     133,228     140,343     146,103     152,405     158,848     164,380      895,307
                                           O.......................     133,172     140,728     146,246     152,317     158,509     163,912      894,884
  570: Medicare                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................     192,835     207,412     218,091     230,596     243,192     253,649    1,345,775
                                           O.......................     191,151     205,687     215,819     228,847     241,458     251,248   1,334,210 
  600: Income Security                                                                                                                                  
                                           BA......................     230,233     241,766     246,842     265,119     264,868     283,450    1,532,278
                                           O.......................     239,737     244,694     253,422     265,209     268,404     280,388   1,551,854 
  650: Social Security                                                                                                                                  
    On-budget............................  BA......................       7,813       8,476       9,219       9,979      10,775      11,607       57,869
                                           O.......................      11,001      11,213      11,922      12,662      13,458      14,290       74,546
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     364,638     382,465     401,221     421,027     442,532     465,007    2,476,890
                                           O.......................     357,596     374,931     393,137     412,438     433,311     455,165    2,426,578
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     372,451     390,941     410,440     431,006     453,307     476,614    2,534,759
                                           O.......................     368,597     386,144     405,059     425,100     446,769     469,455   2,501,124 
  700: Veterans                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................      38,463      38,552      38,179      38,186      38,382      39,318      231,080
                                           O.......................      39,561      39,313      38,644      39,886      37,265      39,602     234,271 
  750: Administration of Justice                                                                                                                        
                                           BA......................      20,924      22,320      23,264      23,278      20,330      20,315      130,431
                                           O.......................      19,540      21,397      22,331      22,966      20,281      20,267     126,782 
  800: General Government                                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................      12,353      14,097      13,288      13,609      13,262      13,209       79,818
                                           O.......................      12,186      14,275      13,461      13,675      13,185      12,831      79,613 
  900: Net Interest                                                                                                                                     
    On-budget............................  BA......................     282,591     289,121     292,939     294,426     298,531     302,932    1,760,540
                                           O.......................     282,591     289,121     292,939     294,426     298,531     302,932    1,760,540
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     -40,555     -44,900     -49,690     -54,979     -60,722     -66,864     -317,710
                                           O.......................     -40,555     -44,900     -49,690     -54,979     -60,722     -66,864     -317,710
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     242,036     244,221     243,249     239,447     237,809     236,068    1,442,830
                                           O.......................     242,036     244,221     243,249     239,447     237,809     236,068   1,442,830 
  920: Allowances                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................        -465      -1,921      -2,084      -2,340      -2,552      -2,898      -12,260
                                           O.......................      -1,867      -1,217      -1,085      -1,413      -2,401      -2,863     -10,846 
  950: Undistributed Offsetting Receipts                                                                                                                
    On-budget............................  BA......................     -45,334     -35,539     -34,727     -36,505     -38,277     -39,940     -230,322
                                           O.......................     -45,334     -35,539     -34,727     -36,505     -38,277     -39,940     -230,322
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................      -6,623      -7,025      -7,542      -8,189      -8,690      -9,427      -47,496
                                           O.......................      -6,623      -7,025      -7,542      -8,189      -8,690      -9,427      -47,496
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     -51,957     -42,564     -42,269     -44,694     -46,967     -49,367     -277,818
                                           O.......................     -51,957     -42,564     -42,269     -44,694     -46,967     -49,367     -277,818
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                   CONFERENCE AGREEMENT COMPARED TO CURRENT LAW LEVELS                                                  
                                                                [In millions of dollars]                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Fiscal year--                                         
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------    6-year  
                                                                        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        total   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total Spending:                                                                                                                                       
    On-budget............................  BA......................     -11,974     -25,016     -47,877     -59,217     -88,134    -109,775     -341,993
                                           O.......................     -19,111     -31,617     -50,479     -67,283     -89,839    -124,249     -382,578
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................          32          31           7           0           0           0           70
                                           O.......................          32          31           7           0           0           0           70
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     -11,942     -24,985     -47,870     -59,217     -88,134    -109,775     -341,923
                                           O.......................     -19,079     -31,586     -50,472     -67,283     -89,839    -124,249     -382,508
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Revenues:                                                                                                                                             
    On-budget............................  ........................     -16,627     -18,280     -20,890     -20,620     -20,436     -14,849     -111,702
    Off-budget...........................  ........................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................     -16,627     -18,280     -20,890     -20,620     -20,436     -14,849     -111,702
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  Deficit/Surplus:                                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  ........................      -2,484     -13,337     -29,589     -46,663     -69,403    -109,400     -270,876
    Off-budget...........................  ........................          32          31           7           0           0           0           70
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  ........................      -2,452     -13,306     -29,582     -46,663     -69,403    -109,400     -270,806
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  050: National Defense                                                                                                                                 
                                           BA......................       1,044       3,653       6,182       8,705      11,267      14,042       44,893
                                           O.......................        -967        -530       2,222       4,128       8,490       6,446       19,789
  150: International Affairs                                                                                                                            
                                           BA......................        -131      -2,091      -3,241      -3,959      -3,966      -4,046      -17,172
                                           O.......................         293        -921      -2,050      -2,933      -3,334      -3,642      -12,587
  250: Science, Space, and Technology                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................         111        -429        -668        -906        -982      -1,110       -3,984
                                           O.......................          44        -290        -564        -855        -965      -1,072       -3,702
  270: Energy                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................          17        -807      -1,307      -1,494      -1,551      -1,595       -6,737
                                           O.......................           8        -352      -1,021      -1,284      -1,450      -1,542       -5,641
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................         827      -1,036        -110      -1,168        -524        -545       -2,556
                                           O.......................         114      -1,449        -270      -1,208        -517        -549       -3,879
  350: Agriculture                                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................           0        -696        -831        -936      -1,023      -1,168       -4,654
                                           O.......................           0        -612        -771        -899        -993      -1,135       -4,410
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  BA......................        -164        -661        -376         883      -1,000      -1,000       -2,318
                                           O.......................      -3,533          46          76       1,211         100        -893       -2,993
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................          32          31           7           0           0           0           70
                                           O.......................          32          31           7           0           0           0           70
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................        -132        -630        -369         883      -1,000      -1,000       -2,248
                                           O.......................      -3,501          77          83       1,211         100        -893       -2,923
  400: Transportation                                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      -1,097      -1,292      -1,417      -2,219      -2,627      -2,941      -11,593
                                           O.......................         -70      -1,613      -2,620      -3,305      -3,700      -4,154      -15,462
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................         -39      -1,601      -1,629      -1,649      -1,828      -1,815       -8,561
                                           O.......................         -83        -638      -1,167      -1,595      -1,740      -1,800       -7,023
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                                                             
                                           BA......................      -1,084      -1,559      -1,915      -1,956      -2,063      -2,098      -10,675
                                           O.......................      -1,066      -1,591      -1,867      -2,012      -2,163      -2,230      -10,929
  550: Health                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................         653      -2,751      -8,202     -14,178     -21,467     -31,267      -77,212
                                           O.......................         553      -2,497      -8,125     -14,117     -21,411     -31,207      -76,804
  570: Medicare                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................      -6,749     -11,108     -20,597     -28,536     -38,508     -52,891     -158,389
                                           O.......................      -6,756     -11,108     -20,597     -28,536     -38,508     -52,891     -158,396
  600: Income Security:                                                                                                                                 
                                           BA......................      -3,911      -1,948      -6,880      -1,686      -6,687      -2,115      -23,227
                                           O.......................      -4,445      -8,362      -6,850      -6,337      -6,746      -8,142      -40,882
  650: Social Security                                                                                                                                  
    On-budget............................  BA......................           1           0           0           0           0           0            1
                                           O.......................         458           0           0           0           0           0          458
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                           O.......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................           1           0           0           0           0           0            1
                                           O.......................         458           0           0           0           0           0          458
  700: Veterans                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................        -132        -327      -1,914      -2,145      -2,173      -1,545       -8,236
                                           O.......................        -130         108      -1,631      -2,132      -2,142      -1,623       -7,550
  750: Administration of Justice                                                                                                                        
                                           BA......................       1,076       2,290       3,231       3,265         341         350       10,553
                                           O.......................         297       1,784       1,737       3,008         348         358        7,532
  800: General Government                                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................         -49        -193        -959        -682      -1,072        -811       -3,766
                                           O.......................          14         164        -736        -788        -988        -988       -3,322
  900: Net Interest                                                                                                                                     
    On-budget............................  BA......................         -68        -478      -1,518      -3,285      -6,001     -10,217      -21,567
                                           O.......................         -68        -478      -1,518      -3,285      -6,001     -10,217      -21,567
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                           O.......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................         -68        -478      -1,518      -3,285      -6,001     -10,217      -21,567
                                           O.......................         -68        -478      -1,518      -3,285      -6,001     -10,217      -21,567
  920: Allowances                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................        -465      -1,921      -2,084      -2,340      -2,552      -2,898      -12,260
                                           O.......................      -1,698      -1,217      -1,085      -1,413      -2,401      -2,863      -10,677
  950: Undistributed Offsetting Receipts                                                                                                                
    On-budget............................  BA......................      -2,076      -2,061      -3,642      -4,931      -5,718      -6,105      -24,533
                                           O.......................      -2,076      -2,061      -3,642      -4,931      -5,718      -6,105      -24,533
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                           O.......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................      -2,076      -2,061      -3,642      -4,931      -5,718      -6,105      -24,533
                                           O.......................      -2,076      -2,061      -3,642      -4,931      -5,718      -6,105      -24,533
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              Discretionary and Mandatory Spending Levels

                                                      CONFERENCE AGREEMENT--DISCRETIONARY SPENDING                                                      
                                                                [In millions of dollars]                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Fiscal year--                                         
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------    6-year  
                                                                        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        total   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total Spending:                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................     497,350     493,717     491,268     498,589     491,117     500,592    2,972,633
                                           O.......................     538,612     526,955     525,485     525,251     516,223     514,219    3,146,745
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  050: National Defense                                                                                                                                 
                                           BA......................     266,362     268,971     271,500     274,024     276,672     279,459    1,636,988
                                           O.......................     264,968     263,862     267,048     270,657     269,744     269,608    1,605,887
  150: International Affairs                                                                                                                            
                                           BA......................      18,236      16,060      14,977      14,281      14,264      14,175       91,993
                                           O.......................      19,549      17,878      16,593      15,474      14,853      14,469       98,816
  250: Science, Space, and Technology                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      16,748      16,208      15,969      15,731      15,655      15,527       95,838
                                           O.......................      16,826      16,382      16,013      15,763      15,673      15,566       96,223
  270: Energy                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................       5,126       3,946       4,074       3,904       3,864       3,838       24,752
                                           O.......................       5,402       4,505       4,440       4,136       4,000       3,897       26,380
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................      20,139      19,477      19,150      18,849      18,791      18,725      115,131
                                           O.......................      21,088      20,337      19,940      19,508      19,131      18,916      118,920
  350: Agriculture                                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................       3,949       3,253       3,118       3,013       2,926       2,781       19,040
                                           O.......................       3,958       3,329       3,169       3,042       2,948       2,806       19,252
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................       3,099       2,606       3,006       4,283       2,402       2,400       17,796
                                           O.......................       2,996       2,577       2,756       3,791       2,579       2,186       16,885
  400: Transportation                                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      13,840      12,536      12,460      11,658      11,250      10,936       72,680
                                           O.......................      36,744      35,161      34,047      33,017      32,532      32,058      203,559
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................       7,926       6,364       6,336       6,316       6,137       6,150       39,229
                                           O.......................      10,345       9,158       8,299       7,316       6,865       6,479       48,462
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                                                             
                                           BA......................      37,477      35,351      35,279      35,211      35,176      35,145      213,639
                                           O.......................      38,506      35,664      35,217      35,094      35,011      34,969      214,461
  550: Health                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................      23,169      21,875      21,774      21,718      21,659      21,559      131,754
                                           O.......................      23,236      22,144      21,875      21,800      21,737      21,641      132,433
  570: Medicare                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................       3,031       2,892       2,892       2,892       2,892       2,892       17,491
                                           O.......................       3,031       2,892       2,892       2,892       2,892       2,892       17,491
  600: Income Security                                                                                                                                  
                                           BA......................      27,816      35,119      31,690      38,104      33,946      40,824      207,499
                                           O.......................      40,398      40,667      40,830      40,714      40,011      40,299      242,919
  650: Social Security                                                                                                                                  
                                           BA......................           6           5           5           5           5           5           31
                                           O.......................       3,194       2,742       2,708       2,688       2,688       2,688       16,708
  700: Veterans                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................      18,425      18,223      17,621      17,527      17,534      18,309      107,639
                                           O.......................      19,311      18,829      17,958      17,567      17,544      18,223      109,432
  750: Administration of Justice                                                                                                                        
                                           BA......................      20,661      21,875      22,816      22,850      19,926      19,935      128,063
                                           O.......................      19,338      21,015      21,948      22,600      19,940      19,950      124,791
  800: General Government                                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................      11,561      10,841      10,652      10,530      10,537      10,798       64,919
                                           O.......................      11,372      10,993      10,798      10,569      10,442      10,402       64,576
  900: Net Interest                                                                                                                                     
                                           BA......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                           O.......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
  920: Allowances                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................        -214      -1,885      -2,051      -2,307      -2,519      -2,866      -11,842
                                           O.......................      -1,644      -1,180      -1,046      -1,377      -2,367      -2,830      -10,444
  950: Undistributed Offsetting Receipts                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
                                           O.......................           0           0           0           0           0           0            0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                                        CONFERENCE AGREEMENT--MANDATORY SPENDING                                                        
                                                                [In millions of dollars]                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  Fiscal year--                                         
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------    6-year  
                                                                        1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002        total   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total Spending:                                                                                                                                       
    On-budget............................  BA......................     817,410     868,358     901,135     934,782     962,756     995,471    5,479,912
                                           O.......................     772,399     827,713     858,387     891,242     916,200     948,681    5,214,622
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     318,579     335,264     347,616     358,261     376,514     388,716    2,124,950
                                           O.......................     311,138     324,587     334,239     348,791     365,011     378,874    2,062,640
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................   1,135,989   1,203,622   1,248,751   1,293,043   1,339,270   1,384,187    7,604,862
                                           O.......................   1,083,537   1,152,300   1,192,626   1,240,033   1,281,211   1,327,555    7,277,262
                                                                    ====================================================================================
  050: National Defense                                                                                                                                 
                                           BA......................        -779        -773        -703        -687        -711        -638       -4,291
                                           O.......................        -822        -844        -759        -696        -719        -646       -4,486
  150: International Affairs                                                                                                                            
                                           BA......................      -3,928      -3,940      -3,882      -2,725      -2,600      -2,311      -19,386
                                           O.......................      -4,348      -4,359      -4,073      -4,239      -3,831      -3,573      -24,423
  250: Science, Space, and Technology                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................          40          41          43          44          45          46          259
                                           O.......................          39          39          40          42          44          45          249
  270: Energy                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................      -1,398      -1,116      -1,562      -1,632      -1,479      -1,769       -8,956
                                           O.......................      -2,322      -2,177      -2,682      -2,785      -2,671      -3,023      -15,660
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                                                                
                                           BA......................         740        -615         637        -245         379         373        1,269
                                           O.......................         619        -639         575        -383         287         253          712
  350: Agriculture                                                                                                                                      
                                           BA......................       8,862       8,869       8,681       8,133       7,089       6,846       48,480
                                           O.......................       7,027       6,891       6,729       6,226       5,281       5,016       37,170
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                                                                      
    On-budget............................  BA......................       5,094       6,955       7,569       8,260       8,961       9,295       46,134
                                           O.......................      -5,297       3,169       3,353       3,623       4,798       5,126       14,772
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................       1,119       4,724       3,627         402       3,394           0       13,266
                                           O.......................         720       1,581      -1,666        -479       1,112           0        1,268
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................       6,213      11,679      11,196       8,662      12,355       9,295       59,400
                                           O.......................      -4,577       4,750       1,687       3,144       5,910       5,126       16,040
  400: Transportation                                                                                                                                   
                                           BA......................      28,795      30,891      31,444      32,140      32,854      33,582      189,706
                                           O.......................       2,567       2,145       1,839       1,661       1,589       1,566       11,367
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................         292         287         275         340         329         217        1,740
                                           O.......................         -24        -176        -188         -49         -46        -145         -628
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                                                             
                                           BA......................      11,506      12,077      12,918      13,720      14,510      15,264       79,995
                                           O.......................      11,458      12,094      12,544      13,225      13,942      14,660       77,923
  550: Health                                                                                                                                           
                                           BA......................     110,059     118,468     124,329     130,687     137,189     142,821      763,553
                                           O.......................     109,936     118,584     124,371     130,517     136,772     142,271      762,451
  570: Medicare                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................     189,804     204,520     215,199     227,704     240,300     250,757    1,328,284
                                           O.......................     188,120     202,795     212,927     225,955     238,566     248,356    1,316,719
  600: Income Security                                                                                                                                  
                                           BA......................     202,417     206,647     215,152     227,015     230,922     242,626    1,324,779
                                           O.......................     199,339     204,027     212,592     224,495     228,393     240,089    1,308,935
  650: Social Security                                                                                                                                  
    On-budget............................  BA......................       7,807       8,471       9,214       9,974      10,770      11,602       57,838
                                           O.......................       7,807       8,471       9,214       9,974      10,770      11,602       57,838
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     364,638     382,465     401,221     421,027     442,532     465,007    2,476,890
                                           O.......................     357,596     374,931     393,137     412,438     433,311     455,165    2,426,578
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     372,445     390,936     410,435     431,001     453,302     476,609    2,534,728
                                           O.......................     365,403     383,402     402,351     422,412     444,081     466,767    2,484,416
  700: Veterans                                                                                                                                         
                                           BA......................      20,038      20,329      20,558      20,659      20,848      21,009      123,441
                                           O.......................      20,250      20,484      20,686      22,319      19,721      21,379      124,839
  750: Administration of Justice                                                                                                                        
                                           BA......................         263         445         448         428         404         380        2,368
                                           O.......................         202         382         383         366         341         317        1,991
  800: General Government                                                                                                                               
                                           BA......................         792       3,256       2,636       3,079       2,725       2,411       14,899
                                           O.......................         814       3,282       2,663       3,106       2,743       2,429       15,037
  900: Net Interest                                                                                                                                     
    On-budget............................  BA......................     282,591     289,121     292,939     294,426     298,531     302,932    1,760,540
                                           O.......................     282,591     289,121     292,939     294,426     298,531     302,932    1,760,540
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................     -40,555     -44,900     -49,690     -54,979     -60,722     -66,864     -317,710
                                           O.......................     -40,555     -44,900     -49,690     -54,979     -60,722     -66,864     -317,710
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     242,036     244,221     243,249     239,447     237,809     236,068    1,442,830
                                           O.......................     242,036     244,221     243,249     239,447     237,809     236,068    1,442,830
  920: Allowances                                                                                                                                       
                                           BA......................        -251         -36         -33         -33         -33         -32         -418
                                           O.......................        -223         -37         -39         -36         -34         -33         -402
  950: Undistributed Offsetting Receipts                                                                                                                
    On-budget............................  BA......................     -45,334     -35,539     -34,727     -36,505     -38,277     -39,940     -230,322
                                           O.......................     -45,334     -35,539     -34,727     -36,505     -38,277     -39,940     -230,322
    Off-budget...........................  BA......................      -6,623      -7,025      -7,542      -8,189      -8,690      -9,427      -47,496
                                           O.......................      -6,623      -7,025      -7,542      -8,189      -8,690      -9,427      -47,496
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total..............................  BA......................     -51,947     -42,564     -42,269     -44,694     -46,967     -49,367     -277,818
                                           O.......................     -51,947     -42,564     -42,269     -44,694     -46,967     -49,367     -277,818
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             Credit Levels

                                CREDIT LEVELS IN CONFERENCE AGREEMENT BY FUNCTION                               
                                            [In billions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year--                                  
                                         ------------------------------------------------------------   6-year  
                                            1997      1998      1999      2000      2001      2002       total  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct Loans............................    41.353    36.358    36.455    36.535    36.600    36.624     223.925
Loan Guarantees.........................   267.284   269.467   268.601   268.489   270.244   270.948   1,615.033
                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------
  050: National Defense                                                                                         
    Loan Guarantees.....................     0.800     0.200     0.192     0.187     0.185     0.183       1.747
  150: International Affairs                                                                                    
    Direct Loans........................     4.333     4.342     4.358     4.346     4.395     4.387      26.161
    Loan Guarantees.....................    18.110    18.262    18.311    18.311    18.409    18.409     109.812
  270: Energy                                                                                                   
    Direct Loans........................     1.033     1.039     1.045     1.036     1.000     1.031       6.184
  300: Natural Resources and Environment                                                                        
    Direct Loans........................     0.037     0.041     0.038     0.038     0.038     0.038       0.230
  350: Agriculture                                                                                              
    Direct Loans........................     7.794     9.346    10.743    10.736    10.595    10.570      59.784
    Loan Guarantees.....................     5.870     6.637     6.586     6.652     6.641     6.709      39.905
  370: Commerce and Housing Credit                                                                              
    Direct Loans........................     1.856     1.787     1.763     1.759     1.745     1.740      10.650
    Loan Guarantees.....................   197.340   196.750   196.253   195.883   195.375   194.875   1,176.476
  400: Transportation                                                                                           
    Direct Loans........................     0.015     0.015     0.015     0.015     0.015     0.015       0.090
  450: Community and Regional Development                                                                       
    Direct Loans........................     1.231     1.257     1.287     1.365     1.404     1.430       7.974
    Loan Guarantees.....................     2.133     2.133     1.171     1.171     2.202     2.202      11.012
  500: Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services                                                     
    Direct Loans........................    16.219    16.219    16.219    16.219    16.219    16.219      97.314
    Loan Guarantees.....................    17.469    19.760    20.854    21.589    23.319    25.085     128.076
  550: Health                                                                                                   
    Loan Guarantees.....................     0.187     0.094     0.000     0.000     0.000     0.000       0.281
  700: Veterans                                                                                                 
    Direct Loans........................     0.935     0.962     0.987     1.021     1.189     1.194       6.288
    Loan Guarantees.....................    26.362    25.925    25.426    24.883    24.298    23.668     150.562
  950: Undistributed Offsetting Receipts                                                                        
    Direct Loans........................     7.900     1.350     0.000     0.000     0.000     0.000       9.250
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          Economic Assumptions

      Section 301(g)(2) of the Congressional Budget Act 
requires that the joint explanatory statement accompanying a 
conference report on a budget resolution set forth the common 
economic assumptions upon which the joint statement and 
conference report are based. The conference agreement is based 
entirely on the economic forecast and projections of the 
Congressional Budget Office, published in CBO's report to the 
budget committees, ``The Economic and Budget Outlook: Fiscal 
Years 1997-2006'' (May 1996). These economic assumptions assume 
a balanced budget by 2002 and are adjusted for anticipated 
revisions to the Consumer Price Index [CPI]. The assumptions 
are reflected in the table below.
      House Resolution. The Bureau of Labor Statistic [BLS] has 
announced its plans to make two technical revisions to the CPI. 
First, the BLS rebenchmarking of the CPI is estimated by CBO to 
reduce the growth in the CPI by 0.2 percentage points a year. 
This comprehensive revision is to be completed by 1998. Second, 
the BLS also will incorporate improvements in the CPI to remove 
the ``formula bias'' by June, 1996. CBO estimates that this 
revision will reduce the growth in the CPI by 0.16 percentage 
point a year. These revisions are incorporated in the economic 
assumptions of the House resolution.
      Senate Amendment. The assumptions of the Senate amendment 
are identical to those of the House resolution.

      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement follows 
the House resolution and the Senate amendment.

                                              ECONOMIC ASSUMPTIONS                                              
                                                [Calendar years]                                                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Forecast                        Projected                 
                                           1995  ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                          actual    1996     1997     1998     1999     2000     2001     2002  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nominal GDP (billions of dollars)......    7,248    7,584    7,946    8,333    8,745    9,177    9,631    10,108
  Percent change, year over year:                                                                               
    Nominal GDP........................      4.6      4.6      4.8      4.9      4.9      4.9      4.9       4.9
    Real GDP...........................      2.0      2.0      2.0      2.1      2.2      2.2      2.2       2.2
    Chained GDP price index............      2.5      2.6      2.8      2.7      2.7      2.7      2.7       2.7
    Inflation, CPI-U...................      2.8      2.8      3.1      3.0      2.9      2.9      2.9       3.0
  Percent, annual:                                                                                              
    Unemployment rate..................      5.6      5.8      6.0      6.0      6.0      6.0      6.0       6.0
    3-month Treasury Bill rate.........      5.5      4.9      4.8      4.3      3.9      3.7      3.7       3.7
    10-year Treasury Note rate.........      6.6      5.7      5.5      5.3      5.3      5.3      5.3       5.3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Congressional Budget Office.                                                                            

                         Functions and Revenues

                     FUNCTION 050: NATIONAL DEFENSE

      House Resolution. The House resolution provides $267.2 
billion in budget authority and $264.8 billion in outlays in 
1997 for national defense. Over 6 years, the resolution 
provides $1,639.4 billion in budget authority and $1,606.5 
billion in outlays. The resolution assumes policies consistent 
with those anticipated for the National Defense Authorization 
Act of 1996. It also assumes sales from the National Defense 
Stockpile of $79 million in 1997 and total sales of $649 
million over 6 years.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment provides 1997 
budget authority of $265.6 billion and outlays of $263.7 
billion. For the 6-year period, the amendment calls for 
$1,625.0 billion in budget authority and $1,594.4 billion in 
outlays. Like the House resolution, the Senate amendment 
assumes policies consistent with those anticipated for the 
National Defense Authorization Act of 1996 and sales from the 
National Defense Stockpile of $79 million in 1997 and total 
sales of $649 million over 6 years.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement provides 
$265.6 billion in budget authority and $264.1 billion in 
outlays in 1997. Over 6 years, the resolution provides $1,632.7 
billion in budget authority and $1,601.4 billion in outlays. 
The resolution assumes policies consistent with those 
anticipated for the National Defense Authorization Act of 1996. 
It also assumes sales from the National Defense Stockpile of 
$79 million in 1997 and total sales of $649 million over 6 
years.

                  FUNCTION 150: INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

      House Resolution. For international affairs, the House 
resolution calls for $13.7 billion in budget authority and 
$15.0 billion in outlays in fiscal year 1997. Over 6 years, it 
recommends $68.8 billion in budget authority and $72.8 billion 
in outlays. The resolution assumes the President's requested 
cuts for the Department of State, peacekeeping operations, and 
Foreign Military Financing [FMF] loans. It anticipates that 
much of the United States Information Agency will be gradually 
privatized or eliminated. It also assumes that funding in the 
Agency for International Development will continue to be 
reduced, and that the replenishments for several multilateral 
development banks will soon be completed. The resolution calls 
for maintaining funding in 1997 for export finance and trade 
promotion programs. It recommends maintaining funding for 
Bosnia's reconstruction through 1998, but assumes that other 
Eastern European countries and the former Soviet Union will 
graduate from United States aid programs.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment calls for 1997 
budget authority of $14.2 billion and outlays of $14.9 billion. 
It recommends $75.7 billion in budget authority and $75.4 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The amendment assumes the 
President's requested cuts for the Department of State, the 
United States Information Agency, the Agency for International 
Development, and various multilateral development banks. The 
Senate amendment, like the House resolution, recommends 
maintaining funding in 1997 for export finance and trade 
promotion programs. It also shares the House resolution's call 
for maintaining funding for Bosnia's reconstruction through 
1998 while assuming that other Eastern European countries will 
graduate from United States aid programs.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement calls for 
$14.3 billion in budget authority and $15.2 billion in outlays 
in 1997. Over 6 years, it recommends $72.6 billion in budget 
authority and $74.4 billion in outlays. The agreement endorses 
the notion that the entire foreign affairs apparatus of the 
United States needs to be completely reassessed. The conference 
agreement assumes the President's reductions for the Department 
of State. It also recognizes that changes are required at the 
United States Information Agency, the Agency for International 
Development, and various multilateral development banks. It 
maintains funding in 1997 for export finance and trade 
promotion programs. It maintains funding for Bosnia's 
reconstruction through 1998, but assumes that other countries 
will graduate from United States aid programs.

          FUNCTION 250: GENERAL SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY

      House Resolution. The House resolution proposes 1997 
budget authority of $16.5 billion and outlays of $16.7 billion. 
It calls for $97.0 billion in budget authority and $97.1 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The resolution assumes a 3-
percent annual increase for research and related activities in 
the National Science Foundation. It emphasizes NASA's core 
missions, but assumes savings from private operation of the 
space shuttle. It provides resources to complete the 
international space station. It also calls for a $6 billion 
Mission to Planet Earth [MTPE] program, and for prioritizing 
the Department of Energy's general science program.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment calls for $16.7 
billion in budget authority and $16.8 billion in outlays for 
fiscal year 1997. Over 6 years, it recommends $94.9 billion in 
budget authority and $95.6 billion in outlays. The amendment 
assumes the same 3-percent annual increase as the House 
resolution for research and related activities in the National 
Science Foundation. It also assumes the President's reductions 
to other NSF accounts. It recommends maintaining the 1996 
budget resolution's assumptions for NASA.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement calls for 
$16.8 billion in budget authority and $16.9 billion in outlays 
in 1997. Over 6 years, it recommends $96.1 billion in budget 
authority and $96.5 billion in outlays. The agreement retains 
the priority status of basic research, assuming a 3-percent 
increase for research and related activities within the 
National Science Foundation. Relative to the Senate amendment, 
the conference agreement provides $0.9 billion in additional 
funds over 6 years.

                          FUNCTION 270: ENERGY

      House Resolution. For Function 270, the House resolution 
recommends 1997 budget authority of $2.4 billion and outlays of 
$2.7 billion. Budget authority over 6 years would be $11.8 
billion, with outlays of $7.9 billion. The resolution calls for 
terminating the Department of Energy [DOE]. It supports basic 
research, such as DOE's efforts to map the human genome and an 
expanded hydrogen energy research program. It calls for 
eliminating further funding for various DOE-subsidized energy 
research programs. It recommends eliminating unnecessary 
bureaucracy in the Department of Energy, and assumes the 
President's proposal to reduce strategic petroleum reserve 
[SPRO] operations and maintenance funding. It also assumes the 
President's recommendation for the Rural Electrification 
Administration [REA]. The resolution calls for authorizing DOE 
to lease excess SPRO storage capacity and extending through 
2002 the requirement that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
[NRC] collect 100 percent of its budget from fees assessed on 
the nuclear powerplants that it regulates.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment calls for $3.7 
billion in fiscal year 1997 budget authority, and $3.1 billion 
in outlays. For the 6-year period, it recommends $16.8 billion 
in budget authority and $11.5 billion in outlays.
      The amendment does not assume termination of the 
Department of Energy. But it joins in the House resolution's 
support for science and basic research, such as DOE's efforts 
to map the human genome. The amendment builds on the 
President's proposals to reduce funding for the development of 
energy technologies. It rejects the President's $33 million 
increase for the DOE headquarters budget, and assumes 
reductions in other DOE headquarters functions. The amendment 
also assumes the President's proposal to reduce strategic 
petroleum reserve [SPRO] operations and maintenance funding, 
and the President's recommendation for the REA. It calls for 
authorizing DOE to lease excess SPRO storage capacity and, as 
with the House resolution, extending through 2002 the 
requirement that the NRC collect 100 percent of its budget from 
fees assessed on the nuclear powerplants that it regulates.
      Conference Agreement. The conference committee agrees to 
$3.7 billion in budget authority and $3.1 billion in outlays in 
1997. Over 6 years, it recommends $15.8 billion in budget 
authority and $10.7 billion in outlays. The conferees agree to 
disagree on the future status of the Department of Energy; they 
recognize that ultimately the committees of jurisdiction will 
determine whether the Department is or is not terminated. The 
conference agreement supports basic science and research. It 
calls for reducing the Department of Energy's [DOE] efforts to 
commercialize energy technologies. It rejects the President's 
$33 million increase for the DOE headquarters' functions, and 
recommends reductions in DOE overhead. It adopts the 
President's proposal to reduce the strategic petroleum reserve 
[SPRO] operations and maintenance funding. It assumes the 
President's recommendation for the REA. The agreement resolves 
the differences for DOE's appropriated programs by providing 
$24.8 billion in budget authority and $26.4 billion in outlays 
over 6 years. Finally, the resolution recommends that DOE be 
allowed to lease excess SPRO storage capacity, and extends the 
requirement through 2002 for the NRC to collect 100 percent of 
its budget from fees assessed on the nuclear powerplants that 
it regulates.

            FUNCTION 300: NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT

      House Resolution. For fiscal year 1997, the House 
resolution provides $20.5 billion in budget authority and $21.3 
billion in outlays. Over 6 years, the resolution recommends 
$115.4 billion in budget authority and $118.5 billion in 
outlays. The resolution calls for priority funding to address 
environmental concerns and to improve the quality of the 
Nation's parks. It recommends an increase for the Superfund and 
safe drinking water and wastewater programs of the 
Environmental Protection Agency, as well as increases each year 
to operate the National Park Service [NPS]. In addition, the 
resolution would permit resource managers to increase fees and 
retain a large portion of those fees for improvements in the 
parks. The resolution assumes the elimination of the 
Agricultural Conservation Program and the Colorado River Basin 
Salinity Control Program, which were subsumed in the new 
Environmental Quality Incentives Program of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform [FAIR] Act of 1996. It 
assumes the President's recommendation to terminate the 
international forestry program. It refocuses the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA] on its core 
missions. It recommends reforms at the Bureau of Reclamation 
and the Corps of Engineers, and reductions in overhead in the 
Department of the Interior. It calls for ending the 
government's involvement in the helium program and reforming 
other minerals-related activities, and it recommends 
refinancing of the debt of the Central Utah Water Conservancy 
District.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment assumes 1997 
budget authority of $20.3 billion, and outlays of $21.5 
billion. It calls for $118.3 billion in budget authority over 6 
years and $122.2 billion in outlays. The amendment shares the 
House resolution's emphasis on the environment and the national 
parks, calling for an increase for the Superfund and safe 
drinking water programs of the Environmental Protection Agency, 
and assuming full funding for the National Park Service [NPS]. 
It further parallels the House resolution in calling for the 
elimination of duplicative programs, such as the Agricultural 
Conservation Program and the Colorado River Basin Salinity 
Control Program, which were subsumed within the new 
Environmental Quality Incentives Program of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform [FAIR] Act of 1996. It also 
assumes the President's recommendation to terminate the 
international forestry program. Also like the House resolution, 
the amendment calls for ending the government's involvement in 
the helium program and refinancing the debt of the Central Utah 
Water Conservancy District. Finally, the Senate amendment 
recommends reducing royalties in new oil and gas leases in 
water depths of more than 200 meters in the Gulf Coast.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement calls for 
$20.9 billion in budget authority and $21.7 billion in outlays 
in 1997. Over 6 years, it recommends $116.4 billion in budget 
authority and $119.6 billion in outlays. Consistent with the 
thrusts of both the House resolution and the Senate amendment, 
the Conference agreement provides increased funding for the 
Superfund and safe drinking water programs of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, and assumes an increase in funding each year 
to fund the operations of the National Park Service [NPS]. It 
also calls for eliminating several duplicate programs that were 
subsumed within the new Environmental Quality Incentives 
Program of the FAIR Act. It assumes the President's 
recommendation to terminate the international forestry program, 
and ends the government's involvement in the helium program. 
Finally, it recommends refinancing of the debt of the Central 
Utah Water Conservancy District.

                       FUNCTION 350: AGRICULTURE

      House Resolution. The House resolution calls for 1997 
budget authority of $11.8 billion, and outlays of $10.2 
billion, in Function 350. Over 6 years, the resolution 
recommends $64.1 billion in budget authority and $53.3 billion 
in outlays. The resolution incorporates the 1996 farm bill--the 
Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform [FAIR] Act--which 
transitions agriculture to a more market-oriented system. The 
resolution also assumes the administrative reductions included 
in the President's budget for the Farm Service Agency; reforms 
of the Foreign Agricultural Service; reductions in unnecessary 
bureaucracy in the Department of Agriculture; and reforms of 
the Farmers Home Administration. It also calls for permitting 
the private sector to finance additional research, and reducing 
overhead in the Department of Agriculture.
      Senate Amendment. For fiscal year 1997, the Senate 
amendment recommends $12.8 billion in budget authority and 
$11.0 billion in outlays. It calls for $69.7 billion in budget 
authority and $58.6 billion in outlays over 6 years. As 
reflected in the House resolution, the Senate amendment also 
incorporates the 1996 FAIR Act, and assumes the administrative 
reductions included in the President's budget for the Farm 
Service Agency. It also assumes the President's user fee 
proposals for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service; 
Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration; and 
the Agricultural Marketing Service.
      Conference Agreement. The conferees agree to $12.8 
billion in budget authority and $11 billion in outlays in 1997 
for Function 350. Over 6 years, it recommends $67.5 billion in 
budget authority and $56.4 billion in outlays. The conference 
agreement incorporates the reforms included in the Federal 
Agricultural Improvement and Reform [FAIR] Act, which 
transitions agriculture to a more market-oriented system. It 
also assumes the administrative reductions included in the 
President's budget for the Farm Service Agency.

               FUNCTION 370: COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT

      House Resolution. The House resolution recommends 1997 
budget authority of $9.0 billion and outlays of -$1.6 billion. 
Over the 6-year budget period through 2002, it calls for $76.4 
billion in budget authority and $32.6 billion in outlays. The 
resolution assumes elimination of the Department of Commerce, 
including elimination of the Advanced Technology Program [ATP], 
and reforms of remaining Department of Commerce functions. It 
calls for the restructuring of Federal Housing Administration 
[FHA] insured mortgages and accommodates a cost of $383 million 
in 1997 associated with this policy recommendation. The 
resolution also assumes the reform of the FHA assignment 
program included in the Balanced Budget Act of 1995 (H.R. 2491) 
and the recapitalization of the Savings Association Insurance 
Fund and the extension of Financing Corporation [FICO] bond 
obligations to all institutions insured by the Federal Deposit 
Insurance Corporation. Finally, it provides for an additional 
$3.1 billion over the next 6 years to prepare for, conduct, and 
complete the decennial census scheduled to occur in 2000.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment provides budget 
authority of $9.2 billion in 1997 and outlays of -$1.7 billion. 
It calls for $77.3 billion in budget authority and $32.9 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The amendment does not assume 
the elimination of the Department of Commerce. It assumes 
reducing funds for certain administrative accounts, and 
eliminating appropriations for certain expired activities. It 
recommends the reform of the FHA assignment program included in 
the Balanced Budget Act of 1995 (H.R. 2491). It also assumes 
the recapitalization of the Savings Association Insurance Fund 
and the extension of Financing Corporation [FICO] bond 
obligations to all institutions insured by the Federal Deposit 
Insurance Corporation. Finally, like the House resolution, the 
amendment provides for an additional $3.1 billion over the next 
6 years to prepare for, conduct, and complete the decennial 
census scheduled to occur in 2000.
      Conference Agreement. For fiscal year 1997, the conferees 
assume $9.3 billion in budget authority and -$1.6 billion in 
outlays. Over 6 years, the conference agreement assumes $77.2 
billion in total budget authority and $32.9 billion in total 
outlays. The conferees agree to disagree on the future status 
of the Department of Commerce; they recognize that ultimately 
the committees of jurisdiction will determine whether the 
Department is or is not terminated. They assume $3.1 billion 
over the next 6 years to fund the decennial census, and the 
extension of patent and trademark fees. Further, the conferees 
call for the reform of the Federal Housing Administration's 
assignment program. The conference agreement further assumes 
the recapitalization of the Savings Association Insurance Fund 
and the extension of FICO bond obligations to all institutions 
insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. These 
provisions were originally included in the Balanced Budget Act 
of 1995.

                      FUNCTION 400: TRANSPORTATION

      House Resolution. For 1997, the resolution calls for 
$41.7 billion in budget authority and $39.0 billion in outlays. 
It recommends $262.9 billion in budget authority and $216.6 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The resolution assumes phasing 
out Amtrak and mass transit subsidies, and eliminating several 
outdated or unnecessary programs, including the Federal 
Maritime Commission, the Federal Aviation Administration's 
civil aeromedical and management training programs, Intelligent 
Transportation Systems, and the airline subsidy program. The 
resolution also recommends the extension of vessel tonnage 
fees; maintaining the current payment date for cost-of-living-
adjustments [COLA's] for Coast Guard retirees; and the 
elimination of the fiscal year 1997 installment of Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act [ISTEA] demonstration 
projects.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment recommends 1997 
budget authority of $42.6 billion and outlays of $39.3 billion. 
It provides $260.9 billion in budget authority over 6 years and 
$212.9 billion in outlays. The amendment assumes phasing out 
mass transit and Amtrak operating assistance and adopting other 
Department of Transportation streamlining initiatives. It also 
endorses the administration's recommendations for reducing 
Federal Aviation Administration facilities and equipment and 
Federal Transit Administration discretionary grant spending. It 
assumes the extension of vessel tonnage and emergency 
preparedness fees and the elimination of the fiscal year 1997 
installment of ISTEA demonstration projects. The Senate 
amendment also contains report language commending the Coast 
Guard for its streamlining efforts.
      Conference Agreement. For fiscal year 1997, the conferees 
assume $42.6 billion in budget authority and $39.3 billion in 
outlays. Over 6 years, the conferees assume $262.4 billion in 
total budget authority and $214.9 billion in total outlays. The 
conferees assume these levels will be achieved through various 
streamlining measures in the Department of Transportation, and 
the extension of vessel tonnage fees.

            FUNCTION 450: COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

      House Resolution. The House resolution recommends 1997 
budget authority of $6.7 billion and outlays of $10.1 billion. 
Over 6 years, it assumes $38.8 billion in budget authority and 
$46.5 billion in outlays. The resolution calls for creating a 
new Native American block grant and a rural development block 
grant. It assumes streamlining efforts in the Appalachian 
Regional Commission and the Economic Development 
Administration. It also calls for focusing community 
development programs on areas with the greatest need.
      Senate Amendment. For 1997, the Senate amendment 
recommends $9.9 billion in budget authority and $10.8 billion 
in outlays. It calls for $43.3 billion in budget authority over 
6 years and $50.5 billion in outlays. The amendment assumes an 
increase in the operation of Indian programs for law 
enforcement, child protection, housing, and welfare assistance. 
It recommends reforms of community development programs, and 
adopts the President's proposal to reauthorize Federal 
Emergency Management Agency [FEMA] assessments on Nuclear 
Regulatory Commission licensees.
      Conference Agreement. For fiscal year 1997, the conferees 
assume $8.2 billion in budget authority and $10.3 billion in 
outlays. They assume $41.0 billion in total budget authority 
over 6 years, and $47.8 billion in total outlays. The conferees 
assume extension of FEMA emergency preparedness fees.

   FUNCTION 500: EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL SERVICES

      House Resolution. For fiscal year 1997, the House 
resolution provides budget authority of $47.0 billion and 
outlays of $49.5 billion. Over 6 years, budget authority would 
total $290.6 billion and outlays $291.7 billion. The resolution 
recommends that Education for the Disadvantaged (Title I) be 
funded at $7.2 billion and the Drug Free Schools Program at 
$440 million--the same levels provided in the Balanced Budget 
Downpayment Act, II (H.R. 3019). It calls for the elimination 
of Goals 2000. It also assumes passage of a job training 
consolidation bill giving State and local authorities control 
of job training funding. Finally, the resolution assumes 
savings of $4.6 billion in budget authority from eliminating 
direct lending and reducing subsidies to banks and guaranty 
agencies.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment calls for 1997 
budget authority of $51.4 billion and outlays of $51.5 billion. 
It recommends 6-year budget authority of $306.0 billion and 
outlays of $302.7 billion. The amendment assumes savings of 
$3.4 billion in budget authority from capping direct lending 
volume at 20 percent and reducing subsidies to banks and 
guaranty agencies. It also assumes $38 billion in discretionary 
spending for fiscal year 1997, $1.7 billion above the 1996 
funding level.

      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement recommends 
$49.0 billion for budget authority and $50.0 billion for 
outlays in 1997, and 6-year totals of $293.6 billion in budget 
authority and $292.4 billion in outlays. The agreement assumes 
priority funding for Title 1, Special Education, Impact Aid, 
and Pell Grants. The agreement also assumes the passage of a 
job training consolidation bill.
      The conference agreement assumes student loan outlay 
savings of $3.670 billion over 6 years. Conferees assume these 
savings will be achieved without raising costs or limiting 
access to student loans. Conferees assume that savings in the 
guaranteed loan program will be achieved in conjunction with a 
cap on direct lending volume.

                          FUNCTION 550: HEALTH

      House Resolution. The House resolution recommends $129.9 
billion in budget authority and $130.3 billion in outlays in 
fiscal year 1997. Over the 6-year period through 2002, the 
resolution calls for $894.6 billion in budget authority and 
$894.7 billion in outlays. The resolution assumes comprehensive 
reform of Medicaid consistent with the framework of the 
National Governors' Association reform plan, slowing the growth 
of Federal Medicaid spending by $72 billion over 6 years. Total 
Federal Medicaid spending would grow from $96 billion in 1996 
to $140 billion in 2002. The resolution also incorporates the 
House-passed Health Coverage Availability and Affordability Act 
of 1996. It recommends structural reform of the Food and Drug 
Administration, and maintenance of the 1996 increases in 
funding for the National Institutes of Health. It also accepts 
the administration's funding for Health Care Resources and 
Administration, and accommodates the health provisions of the 
new Native American block grant described in Function 450. The 
resolution rejects the administration's 25-percent cut in 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It calls for 
terminating the National Institute for Occupational Safety and 
Health; consolidating health data collection and analysis in 
the Department of Health and Human Services; eliminating 
unnecessary funding in departmental management; consolidating 
bureaucracy in the Mine Safety and Occupational Safety and 
Health Administrations; and reducing departmental overhead.
      Senate Amendment. For fiscal year 1997, the Senate 
amendment recommends $132.4 billion in budget authority and 
$132.4 billion in outlays. It calls for $894.0 billion in 
budget authority over 6 years, and $893.7 billion in outlays. 
Corresponding with the House resolution, the Senate amendment 
recommends comprehensive reform of Medicaid consistent with the 
framework of the National Governors' Association reform plan, 
slowing the growth of Federal Medicaid spending by $72 billion 
over 6 years. Total Federal Medicaid spending would grow from 
$96 billion in 1996 to $140 billion in 2002. The Senate 
amendment also assumes National Institutes of Health funding of 
$11.95 billion in budget authority through 2002. Finally, it 
recommends priority funding for Indian Health Services and 
local health center service sites.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement provides 
$133.2 billion in budget authority and $133.2 billion in 
outlays in 1997, and 6-year totals of $895.3 billion in budget 
authority and $894.9 billion in outlays. The conferees firmly 
endorse the recommendation of both the House resolution and the 
Senate amendment in calling for comprehensive reform of 
Medicaid, consistent with the framework of the National 
Governors' Association reform plan, slowing the growth of 
Federal Medicaid spending by $72 billion over 6 years. Total 
Federal Medicaid spending would grow from $96 billion in 1996 
to $137 billion in 2002. The conference agreement also assumes 
priority funding for the National Institutes of Health at 
$11.95 billion in budget authority, and structural reform of 
the Food and Drug Administration.

                         FUNCTION 570: MEDICARE

      House Resolution. The comprehensive Medicare reform 
envisioned in the House resolution assumes net 1997 Medicare 
spending of $193.2 billion in budget authority and $191.5 
billion in outlays. Net budget authority over 6 years would 
total $1,343.7 billion, and outlays would be $1,332.1 billion. 
The assumed Medicare reform would slow the growth of net 
Medicare spending by $158 billion over 6 years. Gross 6-year 
spending would be $1.479 trillion, rising from $196 billion in 
1996 to $284 billion in 2002. The average growth rate in total 
program spending would be 6.4 percent per year, and average 
spending per beneficiary would rise from $5,200 in 1996 to 
$7,000 in 2002. The resolution calls for no increases in 
Medicare beneficiary copayments or deductibles, and assumes 
maintaining the Part B premium at 25 percent of program costs 
while reducing the taxpayer subsidy for high-income 
beneficiaries.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment also calls for 
comprehensive Medicare reform, assuming a plan that yields net 
1997 Medicare budget authority of $193.2 billion, and outlays 
of $191.5 billion. Over 6 years, the assumed Senate reform 
results in net budget authority of $1,335.9 billion, and 
outlays of $1,324.3 billion. The assumed Medicare savings match 
those of the House resolution, slowing the growth of net 
Medicare spending by $158 billion over 6 years. Gross 6-year 
spending would be $1.459 trillion, growing from $196 billion in 
1996 to $279 billion in 2002. The amendment provides for an 
average growth rate in total program spending of 6.1 percent 
per year, and the same per-beneficiary spending increase as the 
House. The amendment makes no explicit assumption about Part B 
premiums, but calls for Part B savings consistent with the 
President's budget, which assume retaining the premium at 25 
percent of program costs.
      Conference Agreement. Adopting the call for comprehensive 
Medicare reform from the House resolution and the Senate 
amendment, the conferees propose $192.8 billion in net Medicare 
budget authority in 1997, and $191.2 billion in net outlays. 
Over 6 years, the conference totals would be $1,345.8 billion 
in net budget authority and $1,334.2 billion in net outlays. 
The reform assumed in the conference agreement yields gross 
Medicare spending of $209.1 billion in 1997 (an increase from 
$196.1 billion in 1996) and $282.1 billion in 2002. It assumes 
an average annual spending increase of 6.2 percent, with a 6-
year gross spending total of $1.479 trillion. The conference 
agreement also assumes that spending per beneficiary will 
increase from $5,200 in 1996 to $7,000 in 2002. These spending 
levels assume no increases in beneficiary copayments or 
deductibles. They also assume maintaining the Part B premium at 
25 percent of program costs, but reducing the taxpayer subsidy 
for high-income beneficiaries. Savings from the Part A program 
assumed in the conference agreement will extend the solvency of 
the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund for 10 years; savings from 
the Part B program will be consistent with Part B program 
savings assumed in the President's budget.

                     FUNCTION 600: INCOME SECURITY

      House Resolution. The House resolution calls for 1997 
budget authority of $232.6 billion and outlays of $240.1 
billion. Over 6 years, it recommends $1,524.6 billion in budget 
authority and $1,541.6 billion in outlays. The principal policy 
recommendation is for comprehensive welfare reform, consistent 
with the framework of the Conference Report on the Personal 
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1995, slowing the 
growth of Federal welfare spending by $53 billion over 6 years. 
Total Federal welfare spending would grow from $85 billion in 
1996 to $106 billion in 2002. The resolution also assumes the 
``Stevens'' package of retirement reforms from the Balanced 
Budget Act of 1995 (H.R. 2491): maintaining the current cost-
of-living adjustment [COLA] payment date for civilian retirees; 
increasing the agency contribution to retirement for Civil 
Service Retirement System [CSRS] employees by 1.5 percentage 
points; and increasing employees' contributions to retirement 
for the Federal Employees' Retirement System [FERS], CSRS, and 
Postal Service employees by 0.5 percentage points (effective 
October 1, 1996). Congressional pension reform also is assumed. 
In addition, the resolution calls for an open season for 
allowing CSRS employees to convert to FERS. It assumes making 
permanent the current ongoing roll management within the FECA 
Federal employees' workers compensation program and scheduling 
the payment of military retirees' cost-of-living adjustments 
[COLA's] at the same time as those of civilian Federal 
retirees. The resolution calls for equity in unemployment 
insurance for persons affected by international trade or who 
voluntarily leave the military. It assumes reform of the Earned 
Income Credit. It also assumes renewing section 8 housing 
contracts, but at market rents rather than current, 
oversubsidized rents; other reforms in assisted and public 
housing; and provisions limiting the increase of annual 
adjustment factor reimbursements to private project owners.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment calls for 1997 
budget authority of $232.4 billion and outlays of $240.3 
billion. It recommends 6-year budget authority of $1,532.3 
billion and outlays of $1,552.6 billion. The amendment shares 
in the House resolution's call for comprehensive reform of 
welfare, consistent with the National Governors' Association 
proposals, slowing the growth of Federal welfare spending by 
$53 billion over 6 years. As with the House resolution, total 
Federal welfare spending under the Senate amendment's 
assumptions would grow from $85 billion in 1996 to $106 billion 
in 2002. The amendment also assumes the ``Stevens'' package of 
retirement reforms included in the Balanced Budget Act of 1995 
(H.R. 2491), with agency contributions increased by 1.51 
percentage points. Agency and employee contribution rate 
increases are tied to January 1 effective dates. No assumptions 
are made regarding changes in military retirement. Like the 
House resolution, the amendment calls for equity in 
unemployment insurance for persons affected by international 
trade or who voluntarily leave the military. It assumes reform 
of the Earned Income Credit. It also assumes the renewal of 
section 8 housing contracts--but at market rents, rather than 
current, oversubsidized rents, and provisions limiting the 
increase of annual adjustment factor reimbursements to private 
project owners.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement assumes 
$230.2 billion in budget authority and $239.7 billion in 
outlays in 1997, and $1,532.3 billion in budget authority and 
$1,551.9 billion in outlays over 6 years.
      The conference agreement assumes comprehensive welfare 
reform, slowing the growth of Federal welfare spending by $53 
billion over 6 years. For mandatory welfare programs within 
Function 600, spending levels are assumed to be $81.7 billion 
in fiscal year 1997, $97.5 billion in fiscal year 2002, and a 
total of $529.5 billion over the 6-year period. A portion of 
the programs affected under the welfare reform proposal assumed 
in the resolution appear in Function 500. When those are taken 
into account, total spending on all programs affected by the 
welfare reform proposals in Functions 500 and 600 is assumed to 
be $576.2 billion during the period 1997 through 2002.
      The conference agreement rejects the administration's 
proposed outyear cuts for the Low Income Home Energy Assistance 
Program [LIHEAP], which reach a maximum reduction of nearly 
$200 million in fiscal year 2000. The resolution instead 
assumes LIHEAP funding will remain at the fiscal year 1996 
level through 2002.
      The conference agreement assumes reforms of the Earned 
Income Credit [EIC] to eliminate fraud and abuse within the 
program, to better target benefits to low-income working 
families with children, and to coordinate the credit with the 
$500 per child tax credit that also is assumed in this budget. 
The outlay portion of the EIC, which appears in Function 600, 
assumes spending of $19.2 billion in fiscal year 1997, rising 
to $23.6 billion in fiscal year 2002. Total spending on the EIC 
assumed in both Function 600 and revenues during the period 
1997-2002 is assumed to be $156.3 billion.
      The conferees also assume major proposals to strengthen 
the integrity of Federal retirement programs. These proposals 
include conforming pension benefits for Members of Congress and 
congressional staff to the pension benefits available to 
Federal employees within the executive branch, and maintaining 
the current COLA payment date for retired Federal workers as 
recommended by the President through 2002. Additionally, 
Federal agency contributions to the Civil Service Retirement 
and Disability Trust Fund [CSRDF] will be increased by 1.51 
percentage points for CSRS covered workers beginning October 1, 
1996. CSRS, FERS, and Postal Service employee contributions 
will be increased by 0.25 percentage points on January 1, 1997, 
by 0.15 percentage points on January 1, 1998, and by 0.1 
percentage points on January 1, 1999. Portions of those 
proposals also appear in Function 950 and Revenues.
      The conferees assume the renewal of section 8 housing 
assistance contracts, but at market rents rather than the 
current above-market rents. The conferees further assume 
provisions limiting the increase of annual adjustment factor 
reimbursements to private project owners.

                     FUNCTION 650: SOCIAL SECURITY

      House Resolution. The House resolution calls for $372.5 
billion in 1997 budget authority and $368.1 billion in outlays. 
Over 6 years, it assumes $2,534.8 billion in budget authority 
and $2,500.7 billion in outlays. The resolution assumes no 
changes from current law. Current law includes recently enacted 
legislation that gradually raises the Social Security earnings 
limit as called for in the Contract With America Advancement 
Act of 1996 (H.R. 3136).
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment matches the House 
resolution with regard to Social Security. It calls for $372.5 
billion in 1997 budget authority and $368.1 billion in outlays. 
Over 6 years, it assumes $2,534.8 billion in budget authority 
and $2,500.7 billion in outlays. The amendment assumes no 
changes from current law. Current law includes recently enacted 
legislation that gradually raises the Social Security earnings 
limit as called for in the Contract With America Advancement 
Act of 1996 (H.R. 3136).
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement follows 
the House resolution and the Senate amendment.

             FUNCTION 700: VETERANS' BENEFITS AND SERVICES

      House Resolution. The House resolution assumes $39.1 
billion in budget authority and $39.7 billion in outlays in 
fiscal year 1997. Over 6 years, the resolution calls for $230.7 
billion in budget authority and $233.3 billion in outlays. The 
resolution provides for $10.2 billion more in budget authority 
over 6 years than the President's budget in areas such as 
medical care, medical research, and the VA cemetery system. For 
fiscal year 1997, it recommends approximately $100 million more 
for VA medical care than the President. It also calls for 
several new initiatives: Raising disabled veterans' auto 
allowance; improving compensation for surviving spouses; 
extending back benefit payment limits; providing a scholarship 
for college seniors; converting certain education benefits to 
the Montgomery GI Bill; making permanent the Alternative 
Teacher Certification Program; and funding the Pro Bono Program 
at the Court of Veterans Appeals.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment recommends 1997 
budget authority of $39.0 billion, and outlays of $39.5 
billion. It calls for $232.7 billion in budget authority over 6 
years, and $235.5 billion in outlays. The amendment calls for 
$13 billion more in budget authority than the President's 
budget over the next 6 years for veterans' medical care, and 
assumes continued reform of medical care delivery. It 
recommends $5.1 billion in savings from extending sunset dates 
in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act [OBRA] of 1993, 
repealing the Gardner and Davenport decisions, rounding down 
compensation COLA's to the nearest whole dollar, and making 
other small programmatic reforms.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement assumes 
$38.5 billion in budget authority and $39.6 billion in outlays 
in 1997, and $231.1 billion in budget authority and $234.3 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The agreement rejects the 
administration's proposed cuts for the veterans' medical care, 
prosthetic research, the National Cemetery System, and numerous 
other programs for veterans. Thus, the agreement calls for 
$10.6 billion more in budget authority over 6 years than the 
President's budget in these and related areas. The agreement 
assumes adoption of those savings in mandatory programs agreed 
to with the President during budget negotiations earlier this 
year. The agreement also assumes enactment of several new 
initiatives: Raising disabled veterans' auto allowance; 
improving compensation for surviving spouses; extending back 
benefit payment limits; providing a scholarship for college 
seniors; converting certain education benefits to the 
Montgomery GI Bill; making permanent the Alternative Teacher 
Certification Program; and funding the Pro Bono Program at the 
Court of Veterans Appeals.

                FUNCTION 750: ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

      House Resolution. The House resolution calls for $22.1 
billion in budget authority and $19.9 billion in outlays in 
1997. It recommends $132.3 billion in budget authority over 6 
years, and $127.7 billion in outlays. The resolution assumes 
$4.7 billion in 1997 budget authority for the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund. It provides for full funding of $699 
million for reforms contained in the House's recently passed 
Immigration in the National Interest Act, and full funding of 
$229 million for the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty 
Act of 1996. The resolution also recommends eliminating the 
political appointment process for U.S. Marshals.
      Senate Amendment. For 1997, the Senate amendment 
recommends $21.7 billion in budget authority and $20.6 billion 
in outlays. It calls for $130.3 billion in budget authority and 
$127.2 billion in outlays through 2002. The amendment assumes 
full funding of $5 billion in 1997 budget authority for the 
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, and calls for eliminating 
the political appointment process for U.S. Marshals.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement assumes 
$20.9 billion in budget authority and $19.5 billion in outlays 
in 1997, and $130.4 billion in budget authority and $126.8 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The conferees recommend $4.7 
billion in 1997 budget authority for the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund to demonstrate the continued Federal 
commitment to support Federal, State, and local law enforcement 
and crime prevention efforts. The conferees assume full funding 
for the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996. 
In addition, the conference agreement supports the Immigration 
in the National Interest Act and calls for sufficient funding 
to implement the reform priorities set forth in the act.

                    FUNCTION 800: GENERAL GOVERNMENT

      House Resolution. For Function 800, the House resolution 
provides for 1997 budget authority of $11.4 billion and outlays 
of $11.7 billion. Over 6 years, the resolution recommends $75.8 
billion in budget authority and $76.5 billion in outlays. The 
resolution calls for ending the government's monopoly on 
printing and implementing overall reform of the General 
Services Administration. It also assumes savings from amending 
the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act to reduce unnecessary 
litigation during the disposal of surplus Federal property.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment recommends 1997 
levels of $13.8 billion in budget authority and $13.7 billion 
in outlays. It calls for 6-year budget authority of $80.7 
billion and outlays of $80.2 billion. The amendment assumes 
savings of $1.5 billion over 6 years on Federal courthouse 
construction.
      Conference Agreement. The conferees recommend $12.4 
billion in budget authority and $12.2 billion in outlays in 
1997, and $79.8 billion in budget authority and $79.6 billion 
in outlays over 6 years. It also assumes savings from amending 
the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act to reduce unnecessary 
litigation during the disposal of surplus Federal property.

                       FUNCTION 900: NET INTEREST

      House Resolution. The House resolution assumes net 
interest levels in 1997 of $242.1 billion in budget authority 
and outlays. Over 6 years, net interest would be $1,441.0 
billion in budget authority and outlays. The balanced budget 
plan called for in the resolution is projected to reduce net 
interest payments from $239.7 billion in 1996 to $235.6 billion 
in 2002.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment assumes $242.2 
billion in 1997 budget authority and outlays for net interest. 
Over 6 years, a total of $1,444.6 billion in budget authority 
and outlays is assumed. The balanced budget plan called for in 
the amendment is projected to reduce net interest payments from 
$239.7 billion in 1996 to $236.6 billion in 2002.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement assumes 
$242.0 billion in 1997 budget authority and outlays for net 
interest, and $1,442.8 billion in budget authority and outlays 
over 6 years.

                        FUNCTION 920: ALLOWANCES

      House Resolution. For 1997, the House resolution assumes 
$2.7 billion in budget authority and -$1.0 billion in outlays. 
It calls for -$7.5 billion in budget authority over 6 years, 
and -$6.2 billion in outlays. The resolution assumes repeal of 
the Davis-Bacon Act and the Service Contract Act and a 
reduction in the number of political appointees in the 
executive branch. It calls for contracting out printing orders 
of less than $1,000. It also recommends funding for 
emergencies, contingent emergencies, and an anticipated 1997 
supplemental appropriation for the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency [FEMA]. In addition, this function reflects a portion of 
the savings from allowing an open season for Federal CSRS 
employees to convert to FERS. [A debt collection provision 
identical to that in the Senate amendment in this function is 
reflected in Function 950 of the House resolution.]
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment calls for 1997 
budget authority of -$1.6 billion and outlays of $0.8 billion. 
Over 6 years, the amendment assumes -$8.0 billion in budget 
authority and -$5.0 billion in outlays. The amendment assumes 
additional savings by expanding debt collection provisions in 
the Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act 
(Public Law 104-134). It also assumes reform of the Davis-Bacon 
Act and repeal of the Service Contract Act.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement assumes 
-$465 million in budget authority and -$1.9 billion in outlays 
in 1997, and -$12.3 billion in budget authority and -$10.8 
billion in outlays over 6 years. The conference agreement 
assumes the additional $235 million in savings from expanding 
debt collection provisions contained in the Omnibus 
Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act (Public Law 
104-134).

            FUNCTION 950: UNDISTRIBUTED OFFSETTING RECEIPTS

      House Resolution. For 1997, the House resolution assumes 
-$52.2 billion in budget authority and outlays. It assumes 
-$278.9 billion in budget authority and outlays over 6 years. 
The resolution assumes an additional $235 million above the 
Balanced Budget Downpayment Act, II level from amending debt 
collection provisions. It also reflects in this function the 
receipts portions of the Federal retirement provisions, 
including the increased agency contributions and a portion of 
the open season for CSRS employees to convert to FERS. It 
assumes savings from enactment of the expanded spectrum auction 
provisions included in the Balanced Budget Act of 1995 (H.R. 
2491).
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment assumes budget 
authority and outlays of -$50.3 billion in 1997 and -$277.0 
billion over 6 years. It assumes the increased employers' share 
payments in Federal retirement and enactment of the expanded 
spectrum auction provisions included in the Balanced Budget Act 
of 1995 (H.R. 2491). [Debt collection provision identical to 
those reflected in the House resolution in this function appear 
in Function 920 of the Senate amendment.]
      Conference Agreement. The conferees assume $52.0 billion 
in budget authority and $52.0 billion in outlays in 1997. Over 
6 years, they assume $277.8 billion in budget authority and 
$277.8 billion in outlays. The agreement assumes the spectrum 
auction provision in the House resolution and the Senate 
amendment. In addition, a portion of the Federal retirement 
reforms discussed in Function 600 appear in Function 950. 
Agency contributions to the Civil Service Retirement and 
Disability Trust Fund [CSRDF] are assumed to increase by 1.51 
percentage points for all CSRS employees beginning October 1, 
1996.

                                REVENUES

      House Resolution. The House resolution assumes $1,470.4 
billion in revenues in 1997 and $9,877.2 billion over 6 years. 
It calls for tax relief of $123.7 billion over 6 years with 
adoption of a permanent $500-per-child middle-class family tax 
credit. The resolution also assumes a $5,000 tax credit for 
adoption expenses as contained in the Adoption Promotion and 
Stability Act of 1996 (H.R. 3286), and a repeal of the 
President's 4.3-cent increase in the gasoline tax. It allows 
for potential additional tax relief on a deficit-neutral basis 
by reducing business tax subsidies and extending expired tax 
provisions. In addition, the resolution calls for $9 billion in 
savings from the Earned Income Credit [see Function 600], and 
assumes revenues portions of the Federal retirement reforms, 
including the increased employee contribution to the retirement 
trust fund [see Function 600]. Finally, it calls for $1.315 
billion from enactment of debt collection measures.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment assumes aggregate 
revenue levels of $1,471.2 billion in 1997 and $9,879.2 billion 
over 6 years. It calls for tax relief of $122 billion over 6 
years with adoption of a permanent $500-per-child middle-class 
family tax credit. It establishes a reserve fund to provide for 
the following: additional tax relief to middle-class families 
and small businesses; relief from gasoline taxes; and 
incentives for saving and investment on a deficit-neutral 
basis. The amendment also assumes $5.5 billion in savings from 
the Earned Income Credit [see Function 600] and includes in the 
revenues function the increased employee contribution portion 
of the ``Stevens'' package of Federal retirement reforms 
discussed in Function 600.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement assumes 
$1,468.7 billion in revenues in 1997 and $9,880.7 billion over 
6 years. It assumes $122.4 billion in tax relief with adoption 
of a $500-per-child middle-class family tax credit. The 
agreement assumes $1.315 billion in additional revenues 
resulting from enactment of debt collection measures. The 
revenue aggregates also reflect the revenue portion of 
reforming the Earned Income Credit and the contribution portion 
of the ``Stevens'' package of Federal retirement reforms.

                             Reconciliation

      Under sections 301(b) and 310(a) of the Budget Act, the 
budget resolution may include reconciliation instructions 
directing the authorizing committees to make changes in 
mandatory spending and revenues. The purpose of reconciliation 
instructions, as set forth in section 310(a) of the Budget Act, 
is to effectuate the provisions and requirements of a 
concurrent resolution on the budget.

                               INTERVALS

      House Resolution. The House resolution provides 
reconciliation instructions for the appropriate authorization 
committees to achieve specified aggregate targets for fiscal 
year 1997, fiscal year 2002, and the 6-year total for fiscal 
years 1997 through 2002. In addition the Committees on Banking 
and Financial Services and Government Reform and Oversight have 
deficit reduction targets for the same intervals.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment provides 
reconciliation instructions for its committees to achieve 
savings from a baseline for fiscal year 1997 and the 6-year 
total for fiscal years 1997 through 2002 (except for the tax 
relief bill, which is reconciled for fiscal year 2002, and the 
6-year total of 1997 through 2002).

      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement provides 
reconciliation instructions that will produce changes in 
mandatory spending for fiscal year 1997, fiscal year 2002, and 
the 6-year total for fiscal years 1997 through 2002. The 
agreement provides instructions that will produce changes in 
revenues for the 6-year total for fiscal years 1997 through 
2002.

          DEADLINES, SUBJECT MATTER, AND COMMITTEES RECONCILED

      House Resolution. The House budget resolution establishes 
a process for considering three separate reconciliation bills. 
On three specified dates, the appropriate House authorizing 
committees are instructed to submit their reconciliation 
recommendations to the House Committee on the Budget. The House 
Committee on the Budget will report, without substantive 
change, three separate reconciliation bills. Each of these 
bills will be fully privileged in the House as a reconciliation 
bill as defined in section 310 of the Congressional Budget Act.
      The deadlines, subject matter, and list of instructed 
committees are summarized below:

  -- May 24--Welfare and Medicaid Reform. Committees 
        reconciled: Agriculture, Commerce, Economic and 
        Educational Opportunities, and Ways and Means.
  -- June 14--Medicare Preservation. Committees reconciled: 
        Commerce and Ways and Means.

  -- July 12--Tax Relief and Miscellaneous and Financial 
        Services Direct Spending Reforms. Committees 
        reconciled: Banking and Financial Services, Commerce, 
        Economic and Educational Opportunities, Government 
        Reform and Oversight, International Relations, 
        Judiciary, National Security, Resources, Science, 
        Transportation and Infrastructure, Veterans' Affairs, 
        and Ways and Means.
      Although the House resolution does not include 
contingency provisions comparable to the Senate amendment, the 
House retains its prerogative to allow floor consideration of 
subsequent reconciliation bills if one or more of the 
reconciliation bills are vetoed.
      Senate Amendment. Section 105 of the Senate amendment 
establishes a three-step interdependent reconciliation process. 
The first step of this process involves reform of the welfare 
and Medicaid programs, and the Agriculture and Finance 
Committees are instructed to report their recommended changes 
in law to the Senate Committee on the Budget by June 14, 1996. 
If this first reconciliation bill is enacted into law, then the 
following committees are instructed to report their recommended 
changes in law to the Senate Committee on the Budget by July 
12, 1996: Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry; Armed Services; 
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs; Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation; Energy and Natural Resources; Environment and 
Public Works; Finance; Governmental Affairs; Judiciary; Labor 
and Human Resources; and Veterans' Affairs. Finally, if both 
the first and second bills are enacted into law, the Finance 
Committee is instructed to report to the Senate by September 
18, 1996, changes in law regarding reductions in revenue.
      Conference Agreement. The conference includes 
instructions for considering three separate reconciliation 
bills. The submission deadlines, subject matter, and reconciled 
committees for the House are as follows:
  -- June 13, 1996--Welfare and Medicaid Reform and Tax Relief. 
        House committees reconciled: Agriculture, Commerce, 
        Economic and Educational Opportunities, and Ways and 
        Means.

  -- July 18, 1996--Medicare Preservation. House committees 
        reconciled: Commerce and Ways and Means.

  -- September 6, 1996--Tax and Miscellaneous Direct Spending 
        Reforms. House committees reconciled: Agriculture, 
        Banking and Financial Services, Commerce, Economic and 
        Educational Opportunities, Government Reform and 
        Oversight, International Relations, Judiciary, National 
        Security, Resources, Science, Transportation and 
        Infrastructure, Veterans' Affairs, and Ways and Means. 
        The amount reconciled in this third reconciliation bill 
        will reflect the full amount of any tax changes 
        reconciled pursuant to this budget resolution 
        conference report. The amount reconciled in the third 
        reconciliation bill shall be adjusted to reflect any 
        amount of revenue reduction enacted pursuant to this 
        budget resolution conference report.
      The House conferees note that the multi-reconciliation 
process provides maximum flexibility to achieve the changes in 
spending and the tax relief assumed in this conference report. 
For example, any of the spending or revenue changes assumed in 
the first bill could--if not enacted--be achieved in the third 
bill. Moreover, the reconciled committees are permitted to 
exceed the savings assumed in each of the reconciliation bills. 
Nevertheless, the process still requires reconciled committees 
ultimately to meet their targets whether incrementally through 
the separate reconciliation bills or solely through the third 
bill.
      The submission deadlines, assumed subject matter, and 
reconciled committees for the Senate are as follows:

  -- June 21, 1996--First Reconciliation Instruction: Assumed 
        Welfare and Medicaid Reform and Miscellaneous Tax 
        Relief. Senate committees reconciled: Agriculture and 
        Finance.

  -- July 24, 1996--Second Reconciliation Instruction: Assumed 
        Medicare Reform. Senate committee reconciled: Finance.

  -- September 18, 1996--Third Reconciliation Instruction: 
        Assumed Tax Relief and Miscellaneous Direct Spending 
        Reforms. Senate committees reconciled: Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry; Armed Services; Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs; Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation; Energy and Natural Resources; 
        Environment and Public Works; Finance; Governmental 
        Affairs; Judiciary; Labor and Human Resources; and 
        Veterans' Affairs.

      The Senate conferees note that the Budget Act and the 
precedents of the Senate permit a concurrent resolution on the 
budget that includes reconciliation instructions which result 
in more than one reconciliation bill, and which includes a 
reconciliation instruction that standing alone could increase 
the deficit.
      Section 310 of the Budget Act provides that 
reconciliation instructions may appropriately be included in a 
budget resolution. The Budget Act is silent as to the number of 
reconciliation bills which may result from any such 
instructions. Moreover, there is clear precedent for providing 
for more than one reconciliation bill. This is not the first 
time a budget resolution has done so.
      The budget resolution for fiscal year 1994 (House 
Concurrent Resolution 64) which implemented President Clinton's 
first budget, provided for two reconciliation bills: an omnibus 
reconciliation bill and a debt limit bill. The omnibus bill 
considered as a result of that budget resolution contained many 
provisions which arguably did not contribute in any way to 
``deficit reduction''--notably the substantial increase in 
spending in the Food Stamp Program and the Federal purchase of 
all childhood vaccines.
      The budget resolution for fiscal year 1983 (Senate 
Concurrent Resolution 92) provided for an omnibus 
reconciliation bill and a tax reconciliation bill. The omnibus 
bill (Public Law 97-253) resulted from instructions that 
required Senate committees to report their recommended changes 
by July 20, 1982. A second set of instructions directed the 
Committee on Finance to report additional changes by July 12, 
1982. These additional changes became the Senate's amendment to 
a nonreconciliation tax bill which originated in the House (the 
Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act [TEFRA], Public Law 
97-248). Notwithstanding the fact that TEFRA was not considered 
on the floor of the Senate as a reconciliation bill, this was 
clearly an example of a reconciliation instruction directed at 
producing a separate reconciliation bill.
      Section 310(a)(2) provides that a budget resolution may 
specify the total amount by which revenues are to be changed. 
It is important to note that section 310 dictates neither the 
magnitude nor direction of such changes. Thus nothing in the 
Budget Act prohibits reconciliation instructions from reducing 
revenues. The precedents confirm this authority. This is not 
the first time a budget resolution has contained among its 
reconciliation instructions an instruction for an increase in 
the deficit. Again in House Concurrent Resolution 64, the 
budget resolution for fiscal year 1994, the House Agriculture 
Committee was reconciled for outlay increases for fiscal years 
1994 through 1998. This instruction permitted the House 
Agriculture Committee to successfully bring through the 
conference on the reconciliation bill language which 
substantially expanded spending in the Food Stamp Program. More 
recently, in last year's budget resolution (House Concurrent 
Resolution 67), the Finance Committee was reconciled for 
revenue reduction.
      The first use of reconciliation was for legislation that 
reduced revenues. In 1975 the applicable budget resolution 
(House Concurrent Resolution 466) provided an instruction to 
both Ways and Means and Finance to report legislation 
decreasing revenues.
      Notwithstanding the fact that the authors of the 1974 
Budget Act were neutral as to the policy objectives of 
reconciliation, since 1975 reconciliation and reconciliation 
legislation has been used to reduce the deficit. The Senate 
conferees note that while this resolution includes a 
reconciliation instruction to reduce revenues, the sum of the 
instructions would not only reduce the deficit but would result 
in a balanced budget by 2002.
      The Senate conferees also note that the three-bill 
approach to reconciliation contained in this resolution 
provides for a more thorough and orderly consideration of the 
issues involved. It provides for extensive consideration on the 
Senate floor of the proposal for balancing the budget by the 
year 2002 as embodied by this budget resolution. Rather than 
having just 20 hours of debate on a single bill and 10 hours of 
debate on a conference report, this three-step process would 
permit 60 hours of debate on the bills and 30 hours of debate 
on the conference reports. In addition, in separating the 
proposal to balance the budget into manageable issues, Senators 
are permitted to address their specific concerns to the issues 
contained in each bill, rather than forcing Senators to vote on 
an ``all-or-nothing proposition.'' Furthermore, the Senate 
conferees note that section 313 of the Budget Act, known as the 
``Byrd Rule,'' provides great protection to the minority 
against extraneous matter being placed in any reconciliation 
bill and is reinforced by a 60-vote margin required to waive 
its restrictions.
      Separate tables for the House and Senate summarize the 
levels or amounts reconciled to each of the appropriate 
committees are provided below:

                    RECONCILIATION BY HOUSE COMMITTEE                   
               WELFARE AND MEDICAID REFORM AND TAX RELIEF               
                    Recommendations Due June 13, 1996                   
                        [In millions of dollars]                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Committee                1997          2002        1997-2002 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agriculture Committee: Direct                                           
 spending.....................        35,609        36,625       216,316
Commerce Committee: Direct                                              
 spending.....................       326,354       473,718     2,395,231
Economic and Educational                                                
 Opportunities Committee:                                               
 Direct spending..............        15,808        19,670       105,331
  Ways and Means Committee:                                             
    Direct spending...........       381,199       563,607     2,810,569
    Revenue change............            NA            NA      -122,400
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Committee                1997          2002        1997-2002 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Commerce Committee: Direct                                              
 spending.....................       319,554       420,915     2,237,231
Ways and Means Committee:                                               
 Direct spending..............       374,399       510,804     2,652,569
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Committee                1997          2002        1997-2002 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agriculture: Direct spending..        35,599        36,614       216,251
  Banking and Financial                                                 
 Services:                                                              
    Direct spending...........       -12,645        -5,775       -41,639
    Deficit reduction \1\.....             0           115           305
Commerce: Direct spending.....       318,054       415,290     2,216,885
Economic and Educational                                                
 Opportunities: Direct                                                  
 spending.....................        15,025        18,963       101,660
  Government Reform and                                                 
 Oversight:                                                             
    Direct spending...........        65,164        82,594       442,230
    Deficit reduction \1\.....           201           590         2,837
International Relations:                                                
 Direct spending..............        13,025        10,311        67,953
Judiciary: Direct spending....         2,784         4,586        26,482
National Security: Direct                                               
 spending.....................        39,787        49,774       271,815
Resources: Direct spending....         2,115         2,048        11,652
Science: Direct spending......            40            46           242
Transportation and                                                      
 Infrastructure: Direct                                                 
 spending.....................        18,315        18,001       107,328
Veterans' Affairs: Direct                                               
 spending.....................        21,375        22,217       130,468
  Ways and Means:                                                       
    Direct spending...........       372,342       508,107     2,638,057
    Revenue change............            NA            NA   \2\-113,838
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Deficit reduction targets are in addition to and not reflected in   
  the Committee's total direct spending level.                          
\2\ The amount reconciled in the third reconciliation bill shall be     
  adjusted to reflect any amount of revenue reduction enacted pursuant  
  to this budget resolution conference report.                          


                   RECONCILIATION BY SENATE COMMITTEE                   
                          FIRST RECONCILIATION                          
                    Recommendations Due June 21, 1996                   
                        [In billions of dollars]                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Committee                1997          2002        1997-2002 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agriculture, Nutrition and                                              
 Forestry: Direct spending....        -1.974        -5.967       -26,169
  Finance:                                                              
    Direct spending...........        -0.260       -36.578       -98.321
    Revenues..................            NA            NA      -122.400
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Committee                1997          2002        1997-2002 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Finance: Direct spending......        -6.800       -52.803      -158.000
------------------------------------------------------------------------


------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Committee                1997          2002        1997-2002 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agriculture, Nutrition and                                              
 Forestry: Direct spending....        -0.010        -0.011        -0.065
Armed Services: Direct                                                  
 spending.....................        -0.079        -0.166        -0.649
Banking, Housing and Urban                                              
 Affairs: Deficit reduction...         3.628         0.462         3.605
Commerce, Science and                                                   
 Transportation: Direct                                                 
 spending.....................            NA        -5.649       -19.396
Energy and Natural Resources:                                           
 Direct spending..............        -0.090        -0.072        -1.512
Environment and Public Works:                                           
 Direct spending..............        -0.087        -0.392        -2.184
Finance: Deficit reduction....         3.639         4.121        23.184
Governmental Affairs: Deficit                                           
 reduction....................         1.101         1.492         8.801
Judiciary: Direct spending....            NA        -0.119        -0.476
Labor and Human Resources:                                              
 Direct spending..............        -0.783        -0.707        -3.671
Veterans' Affairs: Direct                                               
 spending.....................        -0.126        -1.418        -5.271
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         ELECTIVE OMNIBUS BILL

      House Resolution. Section 4(a)(1)(4) of the House 
resolution provides the chairman with the discretion to 
designate an additional submission deadline for an omnibus 
reconciliation bill. The authority to include such a procedure 
is set forth in section 301(b)(4) of the Budget Act, which 
provides that the budget resolution may ``set forth such other 
matters, and require such other procedures, relating to the 
budget, as may be appropriate to carry out the purposes of this 
Act.'' This omnibus bill would be fully privileged as a 
reconciliation bill as defined in section 310 of the Budget 
Act.
      Although the House resolution provides for the 
possibility of an omnibus reconciliation bill, each authorizing 
committee is still required to meet its reconciliation targets 
as if each of the reconciliation bills had been moved 
separately. Committees may submit recommendations previously 
vetoed and revise their submissions so long as they meet each 
of their separate targets.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment does not contain a 
comparable provision.
      Conference Agreement. The House recedes to the Senate 
amendment.

                           Budget Enforcement

      Under the Budget Act, the aggregate spending and revenue 
levels set forth in the concurrent budget resolution and the 
allocations in the accompanying report are enforced through 
points of order that may be raised on the House and Senate 
floor during the consideration of such legislation. Since the 
Constitution reserves to the Congress the power to revise its 
own rules, and the Budget Act specifies that the concurrent 
budget resolution may include ``such other matters, and require 
such other procedures, relating to the budget, as may be 
appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act,'' the House 
and Senate budget resolutions include changes in congressional 
budgetary procedures.

                              ASSET SALES

      House Resolution. Under section 5 of the House budget 
resolution, both the proceeds and costs from asset sales are 
included in committee allocations, counted in determining of 
compliance with reconciliation instructions pursuant to section 
310 of the Budget Act, and in meeting other Budget Act 
requirements that are enforceable in the House by points of 
order.
      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment includes language 
providing that only those asset sales that contribute to long-
term deficit reduction shall be counted for various Budget Act 
purposes. For the purposes of this section, the long-term 
budgetary effects are to be calculated by estimating the impact 
of an asset sale on a net present value basis. If the asset 
sale would result in an increase in the deficit based on this 
net present value analysis, then the proceeds from the asset 
sale will not be scored for the purposes of budget resolutions 
and the Budget Act.
      Conference Agreement. Section 302 of the conference 
report extends to the Senate the budgetary treatment of assets 
set forth in the House resolution. In addition, the conference 
report includes related sense of Congress language on the sale 
of government assets. The Senate amendment provides a 
legitimate rule for the scoring of asset sales based on a net 
present value analysis. The Senate amendment, however, raises a 
number of issues with respect to the construction and 
administration of such an analysis and rule. These issues 
include the appropriate discount rate, the duration, and the 
incorporation of tax proceeds that would result from private 
ownership of an asset in such an analysis. The conferees note 
that the Congressional Budget Office is conducting a study of 
asset sales and believe it is appropriate to forgo establishing 
such a rule until this study and further consultations with the 
Congressional Budget Office and others have been completed.
      The conferees are concerned about the long-term budgetary 
impact of asset sales and do not support asset sales that would 
cost the Federal Government money in the long run. The 
conferees believe that the Congress should consider adoption of 
a new scoring rule that would take into account the long-term 
budgetary impact of asset sales.

                      RESERVE FUND FOR TAX RELIEF

      House Resolution. The House budget resolution does not 
include a reserve fund for tax relief legislation because 
reserve funds are unnecessary in the House. Section 602(e) of 
the Budget Act specifically exempts tax and other legislation 
not assumed in the baseline but offset in the same or other 
House-passed legislation (assuming such offsets are in addition 
to amounts required by the appropriate budget resolution) from 
sections 302(f) and 303(a) of the Budget Act.
      Senate Amendment. Section 202 of the Senate amendment 
provides for a reserve fund for the consideration of deficit-
neutral legislation that reduces revenues. The reserve fund 
provides the chairman of the Senate Committee on the Budget 
with the authority to modify the binding ceiling on budget 
authority and outlays as well as the floor on revenue for such 
legislation.
      Under subsection (b), the budget aggregates, function 
totals, and allocations under section 602 of the Budget Act may 
be adjusted by the chairman of the Senate Committee on the 
Budget to accommodate deficit-neutral tax legislation. The 
chairman has the authority to trigger the reserve fund if the 
revenue legislation does not increase the deficit for fiscal 
year 1997, the period of fiscal years 1997-2001 and the period 
of fiscal years 2002-2006.
      Conference Agreement. The House recedes to the Senate 
amendment.

                       RESERVE FUND FOR SUPERFUND

      House Resolution. The House budget resolution does not 
include reserve fund language for the Superfund Program. The 
House resolution assumes $2 billion annually in discretionary 
budget authority for the Superfund Program.
      Senate Amendment. Section 203 of the Senate amendment 
establishes a reserve fund for legislation extending Superfund 
taxes and making various reforms in the Superfund Program. 
Under the Senate amendment, the chairman is authorized to 
revise the appropriate functional levels, the appropriate 
budget aggregates, and discretionary spending limits to provide 
additional resources for an appropriation measure that funds 
the Superfund Program. The adjustments are limited to the net 
revenue increase resulting from enactment of legislation that 
extends Superfund taxes and $898 million in budget authority 
(along with the corresponding outlays).
      Conference Agreement. Section 304 of the conference 
report modifies the Senate amendment to apply the Superfund 
reserve fund in the House and the Senate and to clarify that 
any reform of the Superfund Program must provide for the actual 
cleanup of hazardous waste sites.
      If Superfund reserve adjustments are made, the conference 
agreement includes language that, in the House, authorizes the 
Budget Committee chairman to reverse the adjustments made 
pursuant to this reserve fund. In the Senate, this language is 
unnecessary. In the past, when a budget resolution has 
contained a reserve fund, the practice in the Senate has been 
to adjust budget resolution levels only for the legislation 
that qualifies for the reserve fund. This ensures that the 
budget resolution's modified levels are not available for other 
legislation that does not meet the requirements of the 
particular reserve fund.

                             STUDENT LOANS

      House Resolution. Section 6 of the House resolution is 
identical to section 207 of House Concurrent Resolution 67, the 
fiscal year 1996 budget resolution, and provides that the 
administrative costs for new direct student loans are to be 
scored on a net present value basis for all purposes under the 
Budget Act, just as they currently are for guaranteed student 
loans. The purpose of this provision is to conform the 
budgetary treatment of direct student loans to that of 
guaranteed student loans.
      This change corrects a disparity that has arisen under 
the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 for the scoring of 
student loans. Under Credit Reform, the administrative costs 
for direct student loans are measured on a cash basis, with the 
budget reflecting only that year's cost of administering the 
loan. For guaranteed student loans, most administrative costs 
are measured on a net present value basis for the entire length 
of the loan.
      As a consequence of this disparity in the budgetary 
treatment of these two types of loans, direct student lending 
appears less expensive than guaranteed student lending. Both 
the Congressional Research Service and the Congressional Budget 
Office acknowledge the bias that this treatment of 
administrative expenses has created.
      Senate Amendment. Although the Senate amendment has no 
comparable provision, identical language that was included in 
section 207 of the conference report accompanying House 
Concurrent Resolution 67 is still applicable in the Senate.
      Conference Agreement. Section 303 of the conference 
report reflects the House provision.
      The conferees acknowledge that the Congressional Budget 
Office [CBO] has correctly interpreted section 207 of the 
fiscal year 1996 budget resolution (House Concurrent Resolution 
67) with the understanding that Congress did not intend to 
change the manner in which guaranteed student loans are scored, 
but only to conform the budgetary treatment of direct student 
loans to that of guaranteed student loans. Therefore, the 
conferees conclude that CBO has correctly determined that any 
administrative expenses for guaranteed student loans which were 
included in the subsidy estimate shall continue to be accorded 
the same budgetary treatment by CBO. Any equivalent 
administrative expenses for direct loans shall be considered in 
the same manner. In addition, the conferees intend that any 
expenses for guaranteed student loans which were scored on a 
cash basis using the method of calculation from fiscal year 
1994 shall continue to be accorded the same budgetary treatment 
by CBO. Equivalent administrative expenses for direct loans 
shall be considered in the same manner.

                       DEFENSE/NONDEFENSE LIMITS

      House Resolution. The House resolution does not establish 
separate limits for defense and nondefense discretionary 
spending.
      Senate Amendment. Section 201(a) of the Senate amendment 
sets forth separate limits on defense and nondefense 
discretionary spending for fiscal years 1997 and 1998. 
Subsection (b)(1)(A) creates a point of order in the Senate 
against consideration of any budget resolution that exceeds the 
aggregate cap on the sum of defense and nondefense 
discretionary spending for fiscal years 1997 and 1998. 
Subsection (b)(1)(B) creates a point of order in the Senate 
against consideration of any budget resolution that exceeds the 
aggregate cap on discretionary spending for fiscal years 1999 
through 2002. Subsection (b)(1)(C) provides a point of order 
against an appropriations bill that would exceed any of the 
discretionary spending limits for a fiscal year or would exceed 
the suballocations set forth in section 602(b) of the Budget 
Act. The point of order may be waived or suspended by three-
fifths vote of the Senate.
      Conference Agreement. In section 301 of the conference 
report, the House recedes to the Senate amendment with the 
discretionary spending limits at the following levels:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Defense               Nondefense                 Total        
                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Budget                  Budget                  Budget              
                                           authority    Outlays    authority    Outlays    authority    Outlays 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1997....................................     266,362     264,968     226,305     270,571     492,667     535,539
1998....................................     268,971     263,862     219,646     258,429     488,617     522,291
1999....................................     271,500     267,048     213,718     252,981     485,218     520,029
2000....................................     274,024     270,657     218,515     248,847     492,539     519,504
2001....................................     276,672     269,744     214,445     246,479     491,117     516,223
2002....................................     279,459     269,608     221,133     244,611     500,592     514,219
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              EMERGENCIES

      House Resolution. The House resolution does not include 
language on the budgetary treatment of emergencies, although a 
related sense-of-Congress provision included in section 8 
includes the elimination of the emergency designation as one of 
the alternatives to the existing budgetary treatment of 
emergencies.
      Senate Amendment. Section 204 of the Senate amendment 
provides the budgetary costs of all emergencies will be counted 
for purposes of complying with committee allocations and the 
aggregate spending levels set forth in the budget resolution.
      Under section 251 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
Deficit Control Act, Congress and the President may exempt from 
statutory spending limits amounts provided in emergency 
legislation. Section 606 of the Budget Act provides that 
legislation so designated is also exempt from points of order 
under sections 302(f) and 311(a) of the Budget Act.
      Section 204 supersedes section 606 of the Budget Act. 
Accordingly, budget authority and outlays designated as 
emergency legislation would be subject to points of order 
raised under sections 302(f) and 311(a) of the Budget Act.
      Conference Agreement. The conference agreement does not 
contain the Senate provision.

                          RULEMAKING AUTHORITY

      House Resolution. The House resolution does not include 
language regarding the exercise of rulemaking authority.
      Senate Amendment. Section 205 of the Senate amendment 
states that the provisions of this title are adopted pursuant 
to the rulemaking power of the House and the Senate, and are to 
be considered as part of the rules of each House. The Senate 
amendment also states that either House has the right to change 
these rules at any time in the same manner as any other rule of 
that House.
      Conference Agreement. In section 306 of the conference 
report, the House recedes to the Senate amendment, with an 
amendment that states that the provisions regarding the 
exercise of rulemaking power also apply to the House.

                GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN PREVENTION ALLOWANCE

      The conference agreement permits an adjustment in the 
nondefense discretionary outlay level, and other appropriate 
levels, for fiscal year 1997 to avoid a government shutdown.

                    Miscellaneous Budget Enforcement

      The Senate conferees note that in last year's budget 
resolution (House Concurrent Resolution 67) the pay-as-you-go 
[PAYGO] point of order for the Senate was extended through the 
end of fiscal year 2002. Consequently it was determined that it 
is not necessary to include the language in the text of this 
year's resolution. In order to emphasize the overall goal of 
balancing the budget set out in this resolution and that the 
pay-as-you-go discipline is still in effect, the text of 
section 202 from House Concurrent Resolution 67 is provided 
herein:

SEC. 202. EXTENSION OF PAY-AS-YOU-GO POINT OF ORDER.

      (a) Purpose.--The Senate declares that it is essential 
to--
            (1) ensure continued compliance with the balanced 
        budget plan set forth in this resolution; and
            (2) continue the pay-as-you-go enforcement system.
      (b) Point of Order.--
            (1) In general.--It shall not be in order in the 
        Senate to consider any direct spending or revenue 
        legislation that would increase the deficit for any one 
        of the three applicable time periods as measured in 
        paragraphs (5) and (6).
            (2) Applicable time periods.--For purposes of this 
        subsection the term ``applicable time period'' means 
        any one of the three following periods:
                    (A) The first year covered by the most 
                recently adopted concurrent resolution on the 
                budget.
                    (B) The period of the first five fiscal 
                years covered by the most recently adopted 
                concurrent resolution on the budget.
                    (C) The period of the five fiscal years 
                following the first five fiscal years covered 
                in the most recently adopted concurrent 
                resolution on the budget.
            (3) Direct-spending legislation.--For purposes of 
        this subsection and except as provided in paragraph 
        (4), the term ``direct-spending legislation'' means any 
        bill, joint resolution, amendment, motion, or 
        conference report that affects direct spending as that 
        term is defined by and interpreted for purposes of the 
        Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 
        1985.
            (4) Exclusion.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        the terms ``direct-spending legislation'' and ``revenue 
        legislation'' do not include--
                    (A) any concurrent resolution on the 
                budget; or
                    (B) any provision of legislation that 
                affects the full funding of, and continuation 
                of, the deposit insurance guarantee commitment 
                in effect on the date of enactment of the 
                Budget Enforcement Act of 1990.
            (5) Baseline.--Estimates prepared pursuant to this 
        section shall--
                    (A) use the baseline used for the most 
                recently adopted concurrent resolution on the 
                budget; and
                    (B) be calculated under the requirements of 
                subsections (b) through (d) of section 257 of 
                the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
                Control Act of 1985 for fiscal years beyond 
                those covered by that concurrent resolution on 
                the budget.
            (6) Prior surplus.--If direct spending or revenue 
        legislation increases the deficit when taken 
        individually, then it must also increase the deficit 
        when taken together with all direct spending and 
        revenue legislation enacted since the beginning of the 
        calendar year not accounted for in the baseline under 
        paragraph (5)(A), except that the direct spending or 
        revenue effects resulting from legislation enacted 
        pursuant to the reconciliation instructions included in 
        that concurrent resolution on the budget shall not be 
        available.
      (c) Waiver.--This section may be waived or suspended in 
the Senate only by the affirmative vote of three-fifths of the 
Members, duly chosen and sworn.
      (d) Appeals.--Appeals in the Senate from the decisions of 
the Chair relating to any provision of this section shall be 
limited to 1 hour, to be equally divided between, and 
controlled by, the appellant and the manager of the bill or 
joint resolution, as the case may be. An affirmative vote of 
three-fifths of the Members of the Senate, duly chosen and 
sworn, shall be required in the Senate to sustain an appeal of 
the ruling of the Chair on a point of order raised under this 
section.
      (e) Determination of Budget Levels.--For purposes of this 
section, the levels of new budget authority, outlays, and 
revenues for a fiscal year shall be determined on the basis of 
estimates made by the Committee on the Budget of the Senate.
      (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 23 of House Concurrent 
Resolution 218 (103d Congress) is repealed.
      (g) Sunset.--Subsections (a) through (e) of this section 
shall expire September 30, 2002.

            Language Related to the Federal Reserve Surplus

      Because the goal of this resolution is to achieve a 
balanced budget in 2002 in a manner that generates economic 
dividends, the Budget Committees discourage other reconciled 
committees from attempting to meet their reconciliation 
instructions with changes that only appear to reduce the 
deficit (through timing changes or other artifices) rather than 
changes with real economic effects. For example, the 1993 
budget reconciliation bill included a provision directing the 
Federal Reserve to transfer $213 million from its surplus 
capital account to the Treasury over 1997 and 1998. Because the 
Federal Reserve is not included in the unified budget, the 
slated transfer was counted as savings for reconciliation 
purposes even though there was then and is now general 
agreement that the transfer is a timing gimmick, acts like an 
intragovernmental transfer, and leaves the private sector and 
the rest of the economy unaffected. The Congressional Budget 
Office concurs with the Budget Committees that such a transfer 
has no real economic impact on the deficit.
      These same reasons inform more recent proposals to attach 
the Federal Reserve's surplus capital account for other than 
attempted deficit reduction. In late March, a congressionally 
released draft report by the General Accounting Office [GAO] 
suggested that the Federal Reserve might not need to retain 
this surplus and should instead transfer it to the Treasury 
because, based on history, the Federal Reserve is not likely to 
experience any losses. Shortly thereafter, various 
congressional proposals emerged to direct the Federal Reserve 
to make its surplus capital available to increase discretionary 
appropriations or to make payments to holders of ``private'' 
[FICO] bonds issued in the late 1980's to cover Federal deposit 
insurance costs of failed savings and loans. The sponsors of 
these proposals advance them presumably because these uses of 
the Federal Reserve's surplus appear to be free and would not 
have to count on the budget.
      But just as transferring the surplus account to the 
Treasury would not decrease the deficit, using the account to 
pay for anything would not really be free. One simply would be 
taking money that the Federal Reserve invests in Treasury 
securities (which thereby reduces the amount of Federal 
borrowing needed from the general private sector), and instead 
transferring the money to a certain part of the private sector. 
That transaction would increase the amount of borrowing that 
the Federal Government would have to undertake from the general 
private sector just like a transaction in which money was paid 
directly out of the Treasury for Federal purposes. Another 
possible result is that if the Federal Reserve were going to 
deliver on GAO's recommendation and transfer some (if not all) 
of the surplus account to the Treasury, designating that money 
for some Federal purpose before that transfer could occur would 
be equivalent to paying money directly out of the Treasury for 
that purpose. Therefore, the conferees (using the authority 
provided to the Budget Committees for estimating outlays and 
revenues by section 310(d)(4) of the Congressional Budget Act) 
direct the Congressional Budget Office on the following points: 
do not score savings for any new legislation that might affect 
the Federal Reserve's transfer of the surplus capital account 
to the Treasury, but do score as a cost any legislation that 
directs spending out of the Federal Reserve capital account.

                           Sense of Congress

      The budget resolution routinely includes sense of House, 
Senate, and Congress provisions.

      House Resolution. The House resolution includes the 
following sense-of-House provision:

  --Sense of the House of Representatives on debt repayment

      The House resolution includes the following sense-of-
Congress provisions:

  --Sense of Congress on baselines

  --Sense of Congress on emergencies

  --Sense of Congress on loan sales

  --Sense of Congress on changes in Medicaid

  --Sense of Congress on domestic violence and Federal 
        assistance

  --Sense of Congress on impact of legislation on children

  --Sense of Congress on commitment to a balanced budget by 
        fiscal year 2002

      Senate Amendment. The Senate amendment includes the 
following sense-of-Congress provisions:

  --Sense of Congress on the sale of government assets
  --Sense of Congress that tax reductions should benefit 
        working families
  --Sense of Congress on a bipartisan commission on the 
        solvency of Medicare
  --Sense of Congress on Medicare transfers
  --Sense of Congress regarding changes in the Medicare Program
  --Sense of Congress regarding additional changes under the 
        Medicare Program
  --Sense of Congress regarding nursing home standards
  --Sense of Congress concerning nursing home care
  --Sense of Congress regarding requirements that welfare 
        recipients be drug-free
  --Sense of Congress on reimbursement of the United States for 
        operations Southern Watch and Provide Comfort
  --Sense of Congress that the 1993 income tax increase on 
        Social Security benefits should be repealed

      The Senate amendment includes the following sense-of-the-
Senate provisions:

  --Sense of the Senate on considering a change in the minimum 
        wage in the Senate
  --Sense of the Senate on long-term projections in budget 
        estimates
  --Sense of the Senate on repeal of the gas tax
  --Sense of the Senate on Medicare trustees report
  --Sense of the Senate on funding to assist youth at risk
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the use of budgetary savings
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the transfer of excess 
        government computers to public schools
  --Sense of the Senate on Federal retreats
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the essential air service 
        program of the Department of Transportation
  --Sense of the Senate regarding equal retirement savings for 
        homemakers
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the National Institute of 
        Drug Abuse
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the extension of the employer 
        education assistance exclusion under section 127 of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the Economic Development 
        Administration placing high priority on maintaining 
        field-based economic development representatives
  --Sense of the Senate regarding revenue assumptions
  --Sense of the Senate regarding domestic violence
  --Sense of the Senate regarding student loans
  --Sense of the Senate regarding reduction of the national 
        debt
  --Sense of the Senate regarding hungry or homeless children
  --Sense of the Senate on LIHEAP
  --Sense of the Senate on Davis-Bacon I
  --Sense of the Senate on Davis-Bacon II
  --Sense of the Senate on an accurate index for inflation
  --Sense of the Senate on solvency of the Medicare Trust Fund
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the Administration's practice 
        regarding the prosecution of drug smugglers
  --Sense of the Senate regarding corporate subsidies and sale 
        of government assets
  --Sense of the Senate on the Presidential Election Campaign 
        Fund
  --Sense of the Senate regarding welfare reform
  --A resolution regarding the Senate's support for Federal, 
        State, and local law enforcement
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the funding of Amtrak
  --Sense of the Senate--truth in budgeting

      Conference Agreement. The conferees agreed to the 
following sense-of-Congress provisions:

  --Sense of Congress on baselines
  --Sense of Congress on loan sales
  --Sense of Congress on changes in Medicaid
  --Sense of Congress on impact of legislation on children
  --Sense of Congress on debt repayment
  --Sense of Congress on commitment to a balanced budget by 
        fiscal year 2002
  --Sense of Congress that tax reductions should benefit 
        working families
  --Sense of Congress on a bipartisan commission on the 
        solvency of Medicare
  --Sense of Congress on Medicare transfers
  --Sense of Congress regarding changes in the Medicare Program
  --Sense of Congress regarding revenue assumptions
  --Sense of Congress regarding domestic violence
  --Sense of Congress regarding student loans
  --Sense of Congress regarding additional changes under the 
        Medicare Program
  --Sense of Congress regarding requirements that welfare 
        recipients be drug-free
  --Sense of Congress on an accurate index for inflation
  --Sense of Congress that the 1993 income tax increase on 
        Social Security benefits should be repealed
  --Sense of Congress regarding the Administration's practice 
        regarding the prosecution of drug smugglers
  --Sense of Congress on corporate subsidies
  --Sense of Congress regarding welfare reform
  --Sense of Congress on FCC spectrum auctions

      The conferees agreed to the following sense-of-the-House 
provision:

  --Sense of the House on emergencies

      The conferees agreed to the following sense-of-the-Senate 
provisions:

  --Sense of the Senate on funding to assist youth at risk
  --Sense of the Senate on long-term trends in budget estimates
  --Sense of the Senate on repeal of the gas tax
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the use of budgetary savings
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the transfer of excess 
        government computers to public schools
  --Sense of the Senate on Federal retreats
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the essential air service 
        program of the Department of Transportation
  --Sense of the Senate regarding equal retirement savings for 
        homemakers
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the National Institute of 
        Drug Abuse
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the extension of the employer 
        education assistance exclusion under section 127 of the 
        Internal Revenue Code of 1986
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the Economic Development 
        Administration placing high priority on maintaining 
        field-based economic development representatives
  --Sense of the Senate on LIHEAP
  --Sense of the Senate on Davis-Bacon
  --Sense of the Senate on reimbursement of the United States 
        for operations Southern Watch and Provide Comfort
  --Sense of the Senate on solvency of the Medicare Trust Fund
  --Sense of the Senate on the Presidential Election Campaign 
        Fund
  --Sense of the Senate regarding the funding of Amtrak

                              Allocations

      As required in sections 302 and 602 of the Budget Act, 
the joint statement of the managers includes an allocation, 
based upon the conference report, of the levels of total budget 
authority, total budget outlays, and--in the House only--total 
entitlement authority, among each of the appropriate House and 
Senate committees.
      As required under sections 302 and 602, the allocations 
are divided between mandatory or otherwise uncontrollable 
amounts and discretionary or otherwise controllable amounts.
      The allocations for each House consist of a set of two 
tables for the House and Senate. The first set of tables shows 
the allocation for the budget year, fiscal year 1997. For the 
House, the amount allocated to each committee is broken down by 
budget function. The second set of tables shows the amounts 
allocated for the totals of the budget year and the four 
succeeding planning years.
      These allocations serve as the basis for congressional 
enforcement of the budget resolution through points of order 
under the Budget Act.
      The allocations are as follows:

  ALLOCATION OF SPENDING RESPONSIBILITY TO HOUSE COMMITTEES PURSUANT TO 
     SEC. 602(a) OF THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT--FISCAL YEAR: 1997     
                        [In millions of dollars]                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Budget                 Entitlement
                                    authority     Outlays     authority 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
      APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE                                          
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    050  National defense........          196          196            0
    150  International affairs...          170          170            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................        1,997        2,008            0
    350  Agriculture.............        3,124        1,732            0
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................           32         -318            0
    400  Transportation..........          605          602            0
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................       10,741       10,796            0
    550  Health..................      109,098      109,029            0
    570  Medicare................       58,309       58,309            0
    600  Income security.........       85,391       85,305            0
    650  Social Security.........           21           21            0
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................       19,508       19,552            0
    750  Administration of                                              
     Justice.....................          414          411            0
    800  General government......        8,666        8,666            0
    900  Net interest............           10           10            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................      298,282      296,489            0
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary appropriations                                          
 action (assumed legislation):                                          
    050  National defense........      266,362      264,968            0
    150  International affairs...       18,236       19,549            0
    250  General, science, space,                                       
     and technology..............       16,748       16,826            0
    270  Energy..................        5,126        5,402            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................       20,139       21,088            0
    350  Agriculture.............        3,949        3,958            0
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................        3,092        2,990            0
    400  Transportation..........       13,840       36,744            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................        7,926       10,345            0
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................       37,477       38,506            0
    550  Health..................       23,169       23,236            0
    570  Medicare................        3,031        3,031            0
    600  Income security.........       27,816       40,398            0
    650  Social Security.........            6        3,194            0
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................       18,425       19,311            0
    750  Administration of                                              
     justice.....................       20,681       19,338            0
    800  General government......       11,561       11,372            0
    920  Allowances..............         -214       -1,644            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................      497,350      538,612            0
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action by other                                         
 committees (assumed entitlement                                        
 legislation):                                                          
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................          -32          -32            0
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................         -105          -33            0
    550  Health..................          370          370            0
    600  Income security.........       -2,433       -2,406            0
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................          308          309            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       -1,892       -1,792            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............      793,740      833,309            0
                                  ======================================
       AGRICULTURE COMMITTEE                                            
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    150  International affairs...         -476         -476            0
    270  Energy..................            0         -972            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................          683          648            0
    350  Agriculture.............        7,383        5,440        7,177
    400  Transportation..........           30           30            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................          253          204            0
    600  Income security.........           67           17        1,173
    800  General government......          270          270            0
    900  Net interest............            0            0           10
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        8,210        5,161        8,360
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............        8,210        5,161        8,360
                                  ======================================
    NATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE                                         
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    050  National defense........       11,513       11,470            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................            3            3            0
    400  Transportation..........            0          -19            0
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................            4            3            0
    600  Income security.........       29,940       29,855            0
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................          180          180          180
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       41,640       41,492          180
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    050  National defense........          -79          -79            0
    950  Undistributed offsetting                                       
     receipts....................       -1,500       -1,500            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       -1,579       -1,579            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............       40,061       39,913          180
                                  ======================================
   BANKING AND FINANCIAL SERVICES                                       
            COMMITTEE                                                   
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    150  International affairs...         -588       -2,438            0
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................          405       -6,084            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................            6          -58            0
    600  Income security.........           50          -15            0
    900  Net interest............        3,256        3,256            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        3,129       -5,339            0
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................         -128       -3,528            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................            0          -72            0
    600  Income security.........            0         -100            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................         -128       -3,700            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............        3,001       -9,039            0
                                  ======================================
      ECONOMIC AND EDUCATIONAL                                          
     OPPORTUNITIES COMMITTEE                                            
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................        3,104        2,487        4,050
    600  Income security.........          174          162        9,930
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        3,278        2,649       13,980
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................         -867         -783            0
    600  Income security.........           -4           -4         -152
    920  Allowances..............          -41          -13            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................         -912         -800         -152
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............        2,366        1,849       13,828
                                  ======================================
         COMMERCE COMMITTEE                                             
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    370  Commerce and Housing                                           
     Credit......................        4,700        4,700        4,700
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................            1            1            0
    550  Health..................          675          675      105,397
    800  General government......            9            9            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        5,385        5,385      110,097
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    550  Health..................            0            0          370
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................            0            0          370
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............        5,385        5,385      110,467
                                  ======================================
      INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS                                           
            COMMITTEE                                                   
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    150  International affairs...       10,900       12,330            0
    400  Transportation..........            7            7            0
    600  Income security.........          523          523          511
    800  General government......            6            6            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       11,436       12,866          511
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............       11,436       12,866          511
                                  ======================================
  GOVERNMENT REFORM AND OVERSIGHT                                       
            COMMITTEE                                                   
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    550  Health..................            0          -54        3,914
    600  Income security.........       41,907       40,887       40,887
    750  Administration of                                              
     justice  ...................           40           40           40
    800  General government......       13,042       13,040            0
    900  Net interest............           28           28            0
    950  Undistributed offsetting                                       
     receipts....................          -20          -20            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       54,997       53,921       44,841
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                              
    600  Income security.........         -289         -289         -289
    800  General government......           -3           -3            0
    950  Undistributed offsetting                                       
     receipts....................         -210         -210            0
                                          -576         -576            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       -1,078       -1,078         -289
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............       53,919       52,843       44,552
                                  ======================================
        OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE                                             
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................           28           22            0
    800  General government......           67            3           95
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................           95           25           95
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............           95           25           95
                                  ======================================
        RESOURCES COMMITTEE                                             
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    270  Energy..................            8          114            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................          908          807            0
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................           75           51            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................          388          358            0
    550  Health..................            4            4            0
    800  General government......          742          766          179
    950  Undistributed offsetting                                       
     receipts....................       -1,355       -1,355            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................          770          745          179
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................          -94          -93          -12
    800  General government......            3            3            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................          -91          -90          -12
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............          679          655          167
                                  ======================================
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................          195          195            0
    600  Income security.........           59           21            9
    750  Administration of                                              
     justice.....................        1,556        1,538          238
    800  General government......          619          619            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        2,429        2,373          247
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............        2,429        2,373          247
                                  ======================================
         TRANSPORTATION AND                                             
     INFRASTRUCTURE COMMITTEE                                           
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    270  Energy..................          280          222            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................          245          248            0
    400  Transportation..........       27,102        2,142          602
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................            5           75            0
    600  Income security.........       15,043       15,020            0
    800  General government......           -1           -1            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       42,674       17,706          602
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    400  Transportation..........        2,280         -150            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................          -12          -12            0
    600  Income security.........           12           12            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        2,280         -150            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............       43,845       17,631          602
                                  ======================================
         SCIENCE COMMITTEE                                              
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    250  General science, space,                                        
     and technology..............           40           39            0
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment and social                                              
     services....................            1            1            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................           41           40            0
                                  ======================================
      Committee total............           41           40            0
                                  ======================================
      SMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEE                                          
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................            3         -125            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................            0         -171            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................            3         -296            0
      Committee total............            3         -296            0
                                  ======================================
    VETERANS' AFFAIRS COMMITTEE                                         
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................        1,437        1,604       20,869
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................        1,437        1,604       20,869
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................          -90          -90          224
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................          -90          -90          224
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............        1,347        1,514       21,093
                                  ======================================
      WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE                                          
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................            0            0        8,044
    570  Medicare................      217,200      215,516      215,516
    600  Income security.........       46,173       45,136       37,091
    650  Social Security.........        7,786        7,786            0
    750  Administration of                                              
     Justice.....................          420          380            0
    800  General government......          473          472            0
    900  Net interest............      352,452      352,452      352,452
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................      624,504      621,742      613,103
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................       -1,335         -970          -33
    570  Medicare................       -6,800       -6,800            0
    600  Income security.........         -773       -1,362       -2,024
    800  General government......          -65            0            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................       -8,973       -9,132       -2,057
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............      615,531      612,610      611,046
                                  ======================================
             UNASSIGNED                                                 
                                                                        
  Current level (enacted law):                                          
    050  National defense........            0            0            0
    150  International affairs...            0            0            0
    250  General science, space,                                        
     and technology..............            0            0            0
    270  Energy..................      -12,409      -12,409            0
    300  Natural resources and                                          
     environment.................      -13,934      -13,934            0
    350  Agriculture.............       -1,686       -1,686            0
    370  Commerce and housing                                           
     credit......................       -3,002       -3,002            0
    400  Transportation..........       -1,645         -145            0
    450  Community and regional                                         
     development.................         -156         -156            0
    500  Education, training,                                           
     employment, and social                                             
     services....................       -1,229         -195            0
    550  Health..................         -348         -348            0
    570  Medicare................          -66          -66            0
    600  Income security.........          -88          -88            0
    650  Social Security.........      -78,905      -78,905            0
    700  Veterans benefits and                                          
     services....................      -13,423      -13,423            0
    750  Administration of                                              
     justice.....................       -1,305       -1,305            0
    800  General government......       -2,167       -2,167            0
    900  Net interest............      -23,036      -23,036            0
    920  Allowances..............      -73,155      -73,155      -60,765
    950  Undistributed offsetting                                       
     receipts....................      -41,883      -41,883            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................     -268,438     -265,903      -60,765
                                  ======================================
  Discretionary action (assumed                                         
 legislation):                                                          
    920  Allowances..............            0            0            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Subtotal...................            0            0            0
                                  --------------------------------------
      Committee total............     -267,328     -265,828      -60,765
                                  ======================================
      Total--current level.......      830,982      790,735      752,299
                                  ======================================
      Total--discretionary action      483,778      520,276       -1,916
                                  ======================================
    Grand total..................    1,314,760    1,311,011      750,383
------------------------------------------------------------------------


       ALLOCATION OF SPENDING RESPONSIBILITY TO HOUSE COMMITTEES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 302(a)/602(a) OF THE      
                                            CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT                                            
                                    [By fiscal year, in millions of dollars]                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       1997         1998         1999         2000         2001       1997-2001 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Appropriation Committee:                                                                                      
    Current level:                                                                                              
        Budget authority.........      298,282      297,973      320,594      348,874      370,294     1,636,017
        Outlays..................      296,489      291,204      312,952      342,279      361,183     1,604,107
    Discretionary action, general                                                                               
     purpose:                                                                                                   
        Defense:                                                                                                
        Budget authority.........      266,362      268,971      271,500      274,024      276,672     1,357,529
        Outlays..................      264,968      263,862      267,048      270,657      269,744     1,336,279
        Nondefense:                                                                                             
            Budget authority.....      226,305      219,646      213,718      218,515      214,445     1,092,629
            Outlays..............      270,571      258,429      252,981      248,847      246,479     1,277,307
    Subtotal:                                                                                                   
        Budget authority.........      492,667      488,617      485,218      492,539      491,117     2,450,158
        Outlays..................      535,539      522,291      520,029      519,504      516,223     2,613,586
        Violent Crime Reduction                                                                                 
         Trust Fund:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........        4,683        5,100        6,050        6,050            0        21,883
        Outlays..................        3,073        4,664        5,456        5,747            0        18,940
    Total discretionary action:                                                                                 
        Budget authority.........      497,350      493,717      491,268      498,589      491,117     2,472,041
        Outlays..................      538,612      526,955      525,485      525,251      516,223     2,632,526
    Discretionary action by other                                                                               
     committees:                                                                                                
        Budget authority.........       -1,892       26,681       22,665       17,861       11,766        77,081
        Outlays..................       -1,792       25,403       22,276       17,713       11,705        75,305
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........      793,740      818,371      834,527      865,324      873,177     4,185,139
        Outlays..................      833,309      843,562      860,713      885,243      889,111     4,311,938
  Agriculture Committee:                                                                                        
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........        8,210        8,359        8,104        7,460        6,402        38,535
        Outlays..................        5,161        5,395        5,109        4,556        3,519        23,740
    New entitlement authority....            0        1,192        1,236        1,267        1,301         4,996
  National Security Committee:                                                                                  
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........       41,640       43,186       44,769       46,343       48,017       223,955
        Outlays..................       41,492       43,001       44,595       46,221       47,899       223,208
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........       -1,579          271          257          243          144          -664
        Outlays..................       -1,579          271          257          243          144          -864
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........       40,061       43,457       45,026       46,586       48,161       223,291
        Outlays..................       39,913       43,272       44,852       46,464       48,043       222,544
    New entitlement authority....            0            0            0            0            0             0
  Banking and Financial Services                                                                                
 Committee:                                                                                                     
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........        3,129        4,401        4,147        4,682        4,486        20,845
        Outlays..................       -5,339       -1,679       -2,425       -2,804       -2,179       -14,426
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........         -128         -127         -138         -157         -161          -711
        Outlays..................       -3,700           38         -148         -130          -64        -4,004
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........        3,001        4,274        4,009        4,525        4,325        20,134
        Outlays..................       -9,039       -1,641       -2,573       -2,934       -2,243       -18,430
  Economic Opportunity Committee:                                                                               
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........        3,278        2,968        3,631        3,889        4,221        17,987
        Outlays..................        2,649        2,649        3,008        3,351        3,648        15,305
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........         -912         -425         -716         -689         -723        -3,465
        Outlays..................         -800         -366         -594         -682         -711        -3,153
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........        2,366        2,543        2,915        3,200        3,498        14,522
        Outlays..................        1,849        2,283        2,414        2,669        2,937        12,152
    New entitlement authority....         -152        1,275        2,031        2,236        2,279         7,669
  Commerce Committee:                                                                                           
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........        5,385        5,893        6,684        7,380        8,080        33,422
        Outlays..................        5,385        5,895        6,701        7,398        8,098        33,477
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........            0       -1,401       -2,909       -4,713       -5,517       -14,540
        Outlays..................            0       -1,401       -2,909       -4,713       -5,517       -14,540
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........        5,385        4,492        3,775        2,667        2,563        18,882
        Outlays..................        5,385        4,494        3,792        2,685        2,581        18,937
    New entitlement authority....          370       -1,740       -7,090      -13,010      -20,240       -41,710
  International Relations                                                                                       
 Committee:                                                                                                     
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........       11,436       10,321        9,393        9,953        9,877        50,980
        Outlays..................       12,866       11,880       11,033       10,638       10,390        56,807
  Government Reform and Oversight                                                                               
 Committee:                                                                                                     
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........       54,997       57,320       59,793       62,342       65,094       299,546
        Outlays..................       53,921       56,383       58,742       61,132       63,670       293,848
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........       -1,078         -889         -882         -876         -880        -4,605
        Outlays..................       -1,078         -889         -882         -876         -880        -4,605
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........       53,919       56,431       58,911       61,466       64,214       294,941
        Outlays..................       52,843       55,494       57,860       60,256       62,790       289,243
    New entitlement authority....         -289         -335         -339         -344         -361        -1,668
  Oversight Committee:                                                                                          
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........           95           97           98           99           97           466
        Outlays..................           25           25           54          264           34           402
  Public Lands and Resources                                                                                    
 Committee:                                                                                                     
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........          770        2,021        2,066        2,169        2,393         9,419
        Outlays..................          745        1,931        2,014        2,113        2,322         9,125
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........          -91         -785          -37         -395          -93        -1,401
        Outlays..................          -90         -798          -47         -440          -85        -1,460
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........          679        1,236        2,029        1,774        2,300         8,018
        Outlays..................          655        1,133        1,967        1,673        2,237         7,665
    New entitlement authority....          -12           -9          -13          -11          -14           -59
  Judiciary Committee:                                                                                          
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........        2,429        4,297        4,389        4,441        4,506        20,062
        Outlays..................        2,373        4,236        4,326        4,377        4,441        19,753
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........            0            0         -119         -119         -119          -357
        Outlays..................            0            0         -119         -119         -119          -357
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........        2,429        4,297        4,270        4,322        4,387        19,705
        Outlays..................        2,373        4,236        4,207        4,258        4,322        19,396
  Transportation and                                                                                            
 Infrastructure Committee:                                                                                      
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........       42,674       15,895       15,935       16,106       16,340       106,950
        Outlays..................       17,706       17,464       16,922       16,670       16,675        85,437
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........        2,280       30,138       30,188       31,352       32,031       125,989
        Outlays..................            0           19         -287          354          435           521
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........       44,954       46,033       46,123       47,458       48,371       232,939
        Outlays..................       17,706       17,483       16,635       17,024       17,110        85,958
        New entitlement authority            0            1            1            0            0             2
  Science Committee:                                                                                            
    Current level (enacted law):                                                                                
        Budget authority.........           41           42           44           45           46           218
        Outlays..................           40           40           41           43           45           209
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........            0          -13            0            0            0           -13
        Outlays..................            0          -13            0            0            0           -13
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........           41           29           44           45           46           205
        Outlays..................           40           27           41           43           45           196
  Small Business Committee:                                                                                     
    Current level [enacted law]:                                                                                
        Budget authority.........            3            2            2            2            0             9
        Outlays..................         -296         -402         -232         -181         -153        -1,264
  Veterans' Affairs Committee:                                                                                  
    Current level [enacted law]:                                                                                
        Budget authority.........        1,437        1,365        1,280        1,205        1,141         6,428
        Outlays..................        1,604        1,573        1,466        1,458        1,462         7,563
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........          -90            0         -265         -276         -288          -919
        Outlays..................          -90            0         -265         -276         -288          -919
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........        1,347        1,365        1,015          929          853         5,509
        Outlays..................        1,514        1,573        1,201        1,182        1,174         6,644
    New entitlement authority....          224          615          542          827        1,267         3,475
  Ways and Means Committee:                                                                                     
    Current level [enacted law]:                                                                                
        Budget authority.........      624,504      653,468      680,614      705,720      735,576     3,399,882
        Outlays..................      621,742      650,771      677,460      703,202      733,171     3,386,346
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........       -8,973      -16,992      -27,095      -35,548      -45,603      -134,211
        Outlays..................       -9,132      -16,935      -27,083      -35,793      -45,675      -134,618
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........      615,531      636,476      653,519      670,172      689,973     3,265,671
        Outlays..................      612,610      633,836      650,377      667,409      687,496     3,251,728
    New entitlement authority....       -2,057       -2,250       -2,024       -2,273       -2,139       -10,743
  Unassigned to Committee:                                                                                      
    Current level [enacted law]:                                                                                
        Budget authority.........     -268,437     -275,709     -281,358     -292,611     -304,370    -1,422,485
        Outlays..................     -265,903     -267,983     -273,579     -284,756     -296,969    -1,389,190
    Discretionary action:                                                                                       
        Budget authority.........            0            0            0            0            0             0
        Outlays..................            0            0            0            0            0             0
    Committee total:                                                                                            
        Budget authority.........            0            0            0            0            0             0
        Outlays..................            0            0            0            0            0             0
    Total current level:                                                                                        
        Budget authority.........      830,982      831,899      880,185      928,099      972,200     4,443,365
        Outlays..................      790,735      822,657      868,408      916,106      957,355     4,355,261
    Total discretionary action:                                                                                 
        Budget authority.........      483,778      530,176      512,218      505,272      481,674     2,513,118
        Outlays..................      520,276      532,010      515,463      500,387      475,069     2,543,205
    Grand totals:                                                                                               
        Budget authority.........    1,314,760    1,362,075    1,392,403    1,433,371    1,453,874     6,956,483
        Outlays..................    1,311,011    1,354,667    1,383,871    1,416,493    1,432,424     6,898,466
    Total new entitlement                                                                                       
     authority...................       -1,916       -1,252       -5,657      -11,308      -17,907       -38,040
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


SENATE COMMITTEE BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAY ALLOCATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT
                                             BUDGET YEAR TOTAL: 1997                                            
                                            [In millions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Direct spending jurisdiction       Entitlements funded in 
                                                 --------------------------------------   annual appropriations 
                    Committee                                                          -------------------------
                                                   Budget authority       Outlays          Budget               
                                                                                         authority     Outlays  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations..................................            795,878            835,346            0            0
Appropriations (Violent Crime Trust Fund).......                  0                  0            0            0
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry............              6,017              2,990       10,068        8,492
Armed Services..................................             40,058             39,929            0            0
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.............              5,881             -9,017            0            0
Commerce, Science, and Transportation...........              7,429              4,799          605          602
Energy and Natural Resources....................                143                222           52           54
Environment and Public Works....................             23,969              3,201            0            0
Finance.........................................            627,429            624,564      130,818      130,886
Foreign Relations...............................             11,429             12,859            0            0
Governmental Affairs............................             54,093             53,017            0            0
Judiciary.......................................              2,429              2,373          239          238
Labor and Human Resources.......................              5,534              5,009        1,412        1,412
Rules and Administration........................                 95                 25            0            0
Veterans' Affairs...............................              1,309              1,456       19,688       19,731
Select Indian Affairs...........................                392                362            0            0
Small Business..................................                  3               -296            0            0
Not allocated to committees.....................           -267,328           -265,828            0            0
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Total.....................................          1,314,760          1,311,011      162,882      161,415
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


SENATE COMMITTEE BUDGET AUTHORITY AND OUTLAY ALLOCATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT
                                             5-YEAR TOTAL: 1997-2001                                            
                                            [In millions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Direct spending jurisdiction       Entitlements funded in 
                                                 --------------------------------------   annual appropriations 
                    Committee                                                          -------------------------
                                                   Budget authority       Outlays          Budget               
                                                                                         authority     Outlays  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry............          4,252,729          4,379,329            0            0
Armed Services..................................                  0                  0            0            0
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.............             17,361              2,652       81,443       48,025
Commerce, Science, and Transportation...........            223,276            222,626            0            0
Energy and Natural Resources....................             35,375            -18,628            0            0
Environment and Public Works....................             31,876             18,051        3,352        3,334
Finance.........................................              5,219              5,067          252          276
Foreign Relations...............................            128,545             10,883            0            0
Governmental Affairs............................          3,282,774          3,288,828      776,267      776,549
Judiciary.......................................             50,945             56,772            0            0
Labor and Human Resources.......................            294,435            288,737            0            0
Rules and Administration........................             19,705             19,396        1,257        1,254
Veterans' Affairs...............................             30,605             28,251        7,499        7,499
Select Indian Affairs...........................                486                402            0            0
Small Business..................................              2,552              3,908      103,415      103,285
                                                              1,965              1,832            0            0
                                                                  9             -1,264            0            0
                                                         -1,421,376         -1,388,376            0            0
                                                 ===============================================================
                                                          6,956,483          6,898,466      973,485      940,222
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      From the Committee on the Budget, for consideration of 
the House concurrent resolution and the Senate amendment, and 
modifications committed to conference:

                                   John Kasich,
                                   Dave Hobson,
                                   Bob Walker,
                                   Jim Kolbe,
                                   Christopher Shays,
                                   Wally Herger,
                                 Managers on the Part of the House.

                                   Pete V. Domenici,
                                   Chuck Grassley,
                                   Don Nickles,
                                   Phil Gramm,
                                   Christopher S. Bond,
                                   Slade Gorton,
                                Managers on the Part of the Senate.