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104th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 1st Session                                                     104-70
_______________________________________________________________________


 
 MAKING EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL DISASTER 
ASSISTANCE AND MAKING RESCISSIONS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 
                    30, 1995, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

                                _______


 March 8, 1995.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________


  Mr. Livingston, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

  DISSENTING VIEWS, ADDITIONAL VIEWS, AND ADDITIONAL DISSENTING VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 1158]
    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making emergency 
supplemental appropriations for additional disaster assistance 
and making rescissions for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
1995, and for other purposes.

                           COMMITTEE ACTIONS

    The Committee has completed action on rescissions, included 
in four separate bills, that total over $20 billion. Some of 
the savings that will occur as a result of these rescissions 
have been used to offset supplemental appropriations requests 
for the Department of Defense, FEMA Disaster Assistance, aid to 
Jordan, payment to the Coast Guard for refugee support in the 
Caribbean, and several other necessary supplementals for fiscal 
year 1995. The Disaster Assistance and the Coast Guard 
emergency supplementals are included in this bill.
    The rescissions have been made across the Government. They 
are our first step in the direction of downsizing the 
Government. By taking this action in fiscal year 1995, the 
Committee is taking the opportunity to accelerate savings 
proposed in several legislative actions already taken or under 
way in the House, proposed by the National Performance Review 
activity of the Vice President and proposed in the President's 
budget request for fiscal year 1996. Taking these actions now 
is putting us on a course to provide better government at lower 
cost to better meet the needs of all the people of the United 
States and the beneficiaries of the programs served. Not only 
will making these rescissions enable us to offset the 
supplementals for those people hurt by last year's natural 
disasters, but it also means we are taking steps necessary to 
insure the Nation's financial future that affects our children 
and grandchildren. Saving money now by eliminating unnecessary 
and duplicative programs will help insure that our economy will 
remain strong for our children's tomorrow and that our country 
will continue to move from strength today to a stronger 21st 
century. By acting in this fashion we will help produce a 
government which preserves and protects but does not 
unnecessarily intrude, a government which is a resource, not a 
burden. These reductions are not cause for celebration but a 
sober acknowledgment that our task is only beginning. We intend 
to continue in this direction in the future.

         FUNDS PROPOSED FOR RESCISSION SHOULD NOT BE OBLIGATED

    The Committee expects the Office of Management and Budget 
to take actions that would insure funds proposed for rescission 
in these bills are not obligated in an effort to avoid making 
these reductions. At the time the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget appeared before the Committee on February 
14, the Director was given an example where the Office of the 
General Counsel of the Office of Management and Budget advised 
the General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture that the 
Department did have the authority to obligate funds being 
considered for rescission. The General Counsel of the 
Department, previous to that point, had held they did not have 
authority to obligate the funds. The Director indicated that 
she was not aware of the problem. The Committee has become 
aware of other such examples of obligating funds, some of which 
have been available for years, in an effort to preclude their 
rescission. When the President initiates a rescission, he has 
impoundment authority available to insure that if Congress 
agrees with those proposals, the funds will be available when 
the rescission is signed into law. Impoundment is not available 
when Congress initiates a rescission proposal. The Committee 
expects and directs, therefore, full cooperation with this 
congressional initiative aimed at providing a balanced budget 
and a sound financial future for the Nation. The Committee 
would like to point out that these rescissions are just the 
first step of a long uncomfortable, but necessary journey, 
needed to continue the effort to bring spending within revenue.

                              Bill Summary

    The bill recommended by the Committee includes 
$5,388,197,000 in supplemental appropriations and 
$17,197,773,839 in rescissions and reductions in limitations on 
obligations.
                                TITLE I

                 EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS

                               CHAPTER I

DEPARTMENTS OF VETERANS AFFAIRS AND HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AND 
                          INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

                  Federal Emergency Management Agency

                            disaster relief

    The Committee is recommending an emergency supplemental 
request of $5,360,000,000 for disaster relief, a reduction of 
$1,340,000,000 from the President's request. The recommended 
supplemental funds will allow disaster relief activities 
associated with the Northridge earthquake, several FY1995 
declared disasters, disaster efforts declared in prior years in 
40 States, and estimated disaster requirements for the 
remainder of FY1995. The Committee's recommendation is expected 
to be sufficient to meet ongoing and FY1995 anticipated 
disaster relief efforts beyond fiscal year 1996. As FEMA 
develops and presents to the Committee additional specific 
information on requirements for such declared disasters, the 
Committee will endeavor to respond in an expeditious manner.
                               CHAPTER II

           DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND RELATED AGENCIES

                              COAST GUARD

                           Operating Expenses

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $28,197,000 
for supplemental operating expenses of the U.S. Coast Guard, to 
finance their emergency readiness capability as a consequence 
of last year's Caribbean interdiction operations (Operations 
Able Manner, Able Vigil, Restore Democracy, and Support 
Democracy). The recommendation reduces by $100,000 the 
administration's proposal of $28,297,000. These expenses are 
designated in the bill as an emergency requirement, as 
requested, and are made available until the end of fiscal year 
1995, consistent with similar funding made available for the 
other military services in the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Bill for the Department of Defense.
          DENIED EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATION REQUESTS

DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED 
                                AGENCIES

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

              International Organizations and Conferences

        contributions for international peacekeeping activities

    The Committee does not approve the request for $672,000,000 
in additional funds for estimated fiscal year 1995 U.S. 
assessments for the cost of United Nations peacekeeping 
missions. This was requested as an emergency supplemental. The 
test for an emergency, under the definition developed by the 
Office of Management and Budget, is that the need for the 
supplemental funding is, among other things, sudden and 
unforeseen.
    The need for this supplemental is neither sudden nor 
unforeseen. Only $222,212,000 of the $533,304,000 requested by 
the Administration under this account in fiscal year 1995 were 
for 1995 assessments, at a time when annual assessments have 
been surpassing $1,000,000,000, leaving no doubt that a 
supplemental would be required later.
    The current way the Administration seeks funding for 
peacekeeping missions is unworkable. On the one hand, the 
Appropriations Committee is operating under strict spending 
ceilings. On the other, the Administration is signing on to 
peacekeeping missions without sufficient cognizance of the cost 
or where the money will come from to pay for these missions. It 
simply sends the bills up to Congress for payment, when there 
aren't any funds left to spend, without a suggestion as to 
where to find the money to pay those bills.
    Peacekeeping, like any other program, must be based on the 
availability of funds to pay for the program. A method must be 
developed to regularize the funding of this program within the 
normal appropriations process.
                                TITLE II

                              RESCISSIONS

                               CHAPTER I

      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FOOD AND DRUG 
                  ADMINISTRATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES

                       DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

                        Office of the Secretary

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $31,000 from the 
Office of the Secretary. The Secretary's position at of the 
Department of Agriculture has been vacant since January 1, 
1995, therefore there are funds in this account that will not 
be used in this fiscal year. The Committee also proposes bill 
language that would limit the use of the Secretary's emergency 
transfer authority without prior notification to the Committees 
on Appropriations. Recently this authority has been used in 
cases to replenish accounts that were short of funds. The 
Committee does not believe this is an appropriate designation 
for an emergency.

        Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,000,000 for 
Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization. The 
program was established in fiscal year 1992 to take research 
that has already occurred to the next step for 
commercialization. USDA enters into a partnership with a 
developer or researcher in order to get the product to the 
market. In return, a portion of the profits would be returned 
to the program to make more grants, thereby setting up a 
revolving fund. The funds appropriated to date are seed money 
allocated for start-up expenses. To date, the program has 
received Federal funds totaling $27,250,000. In addition to the 
$6,500,000 appropriated in fiscal year 1995, $2,500,000 was 
carried over from prior year appropriations.

                     Agricultural Research Service

                        buildings and facilities

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $12,678,000 in the 
Agricultural Research Service's buildings and facilities 
program. These funds were appropriated for the construction of 
a swine research center. Additional construction cost 
requirements for this facility are about $13,000,000. The 
Agricultural Research Service currently conducts swine research 
in at least 13 different Federal facilities at a cost of over 
$26,000,000. Many of these programs and facilities are ongoing 
projects. The agency has no plans to abolish or move existing 
research and researchers to the proposed swine center if it is 
constructed. The Department of Agriculture has estimated this 
facility would cost about $10 million annually to operate. 
Existing legislation directs the downsizing of the Federal 
workforce; therefore, providing additional researchers for this 
facility would cause adverse effects in research elsewhere. 
Critical swine research could be carried out at an existing ARS 
facility at considerable less cost than providing an additional 
facility at a time when USDA is closing facilities and reducing 
staff.
                   Cooperative State Research Service

                        special research grants

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $524,000 for 
special research grants. For several years the Committee has 
been providing funds for the Oregon/Massachusetts/Pennsylvania 
Biotechnology special research grant. The recommended 
rescission is the amount that was provided in the fiscal year 
1995 appropriations bill for this project.

                         federal administration

    The Committee recommends a total rescission of $527,000 
from this account. Included in this amount is:
          (1) $93,000 for the National Potato Trade and Tariff 
        Association. The Committee recommends that no Federal 
        funds be provided for this project.
          (2) $434,000 for the American Indian Initiative of 
        the Arid Lands Development Fund. This project is to 
        conduct research on arid lands for irrigation purposes 
        with the technology to be transferred to the Southwest. 
        The Committee believes that this technology is already 
        available in the Southwest.
    The bill also makes a technical correction to Public Law 
103-330, the fiscal year 1995 Appropriations Act. The 
conference agreement provided $9,207,000 for the 1890 capacity 
building grants program. Language is included to conform the 
bill language to the conference agreement.

                        buildings and facilities

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $20,994,000 in the 
Cooperative State Research Service's buildings and facilities 
program. This program is for construction of buildings at 
universities performing research in support of agriculture. 
There is a current backlog of $400 million necessary to 
complete facilities already in the pipeline. The fiscal year 
1995 bill provides for 15 new feasibility studies. The 
Committee recommends rescinding all funds not yet obligated and 
stopping all new feasibility studies. This will give the 
Committee a chance to reevaluate the entire building program 
before more commitments are established. The projects to be 
rescinded are as follows:
                   Cooperative State Research Service

                                                        FY 1995 Proposal
        Buildings and Facilities                            (In dollars)
Alabama:
    Poultry science facility, Auburn University \1\.....         522,000
Arkansas:
    Carnall Hall, Alternative Pest Control Center.......         946,000
Connecticut:
    Chemistry Building, Connecticut Agricultural 
      Experiment Station................................           (\1\)
Florida:
    Aquatic Research Facility, University of Florida....           (\1\)
Hawaii:
    Center for Applied Aquaculture......................       1,495,000
Idaho:
    Biotechnology Facility..............................       1,761,000
Illinois:
    Science facility, DePaul University \1\.............         435,000
Louisiana:
    Southeast Research Station, Franklinton.............           (\1\)
Maine:
    Food Science Facility...............................           (\1\)
Mississippi:
    National Food Service Management Institute..........           (\1\)
Nevada:
    Great Basin Environmental Research Lab, University 
      of Nevada.........................................           (\1\)
New Jersey:
    Plant Bioscience Facility, Rutgers University.......       3,785,000
New York:
    New York Botanical Garden...........................       3,785,000
North Dakota:
    Institute for Agriculture and Rural Health Research 
      Development, Minot State University...............         280,000
Oklahoma:
    Grain Storage Research and Extension Center, 
      Oklahoma State University.........................           (\1\)
Oregon:
    Forest Ecosystem Research Lab, Oregon State 
      University........................................           (\1\)
Rhode Island:
    Building consolidation, University of Rhode Island 
      \2\...............................................       6,242,000
South Dakota:
    Animal Resource Wing, South Dakota State University.           (\1\)
Tennessee:
    Horse Science and Teaching Center, Middle Tennessee 
      State University..................................           (\1\)
Texas:
    Biocontainment facility, Texas A & M................           (\1\)
Vermont:
    Rural Community Interactive Learning Center, 
      University of Vermont.............................           (\1\)
Washington:
    Wheat research facility, Washington State University 
      \1\...............................................         426,000
Wyoming:
    Environmental Simulation Facility, University of 
      Wyoming...........................................       1,182,000
Miscellaneous:
    Fund for reports....................................         135,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, buildings and facilities...................      20,994,000

\1\ Report requested.
\2\ Includes FY 1993 and FY 1994 enacted.
    Rural Development Administration and Farmers Home Administration

              rural housing insurance fund program account

    The Committee recommends rescinding the $115,500,000 
provided for the subsidy cost of the section 515 rural rental 
housing program. This program is not authorized.

             local technical assistance and planning grants

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,750,000 for the 
local technical assistance and planning grants program. This 
program is funded for the first time in fiscal year 1995. The 
Department of Agriculture has not yet issued rules and 
regulations for this program and no funds have been used to 
date. At a time when the Committee is looking at downsizing 
government, it believes terminating this program before it gets 
started makes fiscal sense.

             alcohol fuels credit guarantee program account

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $9,000,000 for the 
alcohol fuels credit guarantee program account. This account 
was established in fiscal year 1993 and to date no funds have 
been used. This rescission will terminate the program.

                  Rural Electrification Administration

       rural electrification and telephone loans program account

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,000,000 for the 
rural electrification and telephone loans program account for 
five percent telephone loans. This program was restructured as 
part of the REA Reorganization Act of 1993. Rules and 
regulations have not yet been published and the funds provided 
for the cost of the five percent loans program have not been 
used to date. It is anticipated that, because of the strict 
requirements to qualify for such loans, demand for the funds 
will be much less than anticipated.

                       Food and Nutrition Service

                           food stamp program

    The President's budget proposed to rescind $2,900,000 from 
the food stamp block grant to Puerto Rico. These funds are used 
by the Commonwealth as part of a tick eradication program. The 
Commonwealth estimates that losses to the cattle industry would 
amount to $34,000,000 per year without this program. The food 
stamp program costs and funds used by Puerto Rico for this 
program are mandatory. The Committee did not include this 
proposal.

  special supplemental food program for women, infants, and children 
                                 (wic)

    The Committee recommends rescinding $25,000,000 of the 
estimated $125,000,000 in unspent recovery funds of the WIC 
program. The Committee supports the WIC program and considers 
it to be a high priority for funding consideration. This is 
evident in the fact that over the past few years, as 
discretionary dollars have decreased, the WIC program has 
received by far the largest increase in the bill. Since fiscal 
year 1990, annual increases to the program have ranged between 
$200 million to $350 million. The Committee has also been 
concerned with the increase in the unspent recovery balance 
which, since fiscal year 1990, has increased from $28 million 
to $125 million. Testimony given before the Committee stated a 
number of reasons why this has occurred including the need for 
improved infrastructure, staffing freezes at the state and 
local levels, and inadequacies in the funding formula. In light 
of the significant recovery of unspent funds the Committee 
recommends the rescission. The Committee notes that this 
rescission will not take anyone currently participating in the 
program out of the program. The program will continue to expand 
by over 400,000 new participants in FY 1995.
                               CHAPTER II

DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED 
                                AGENCIES

                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

                         General Administration

                          working capital fund

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,500,000 of 
unobligated balances available in the Working Capital Fund. The 
Administration proposed to transfer these balances to support 
the establishment of a new National Bankruptcy Review 
Commission. The Committee does not support the transfer of 
these balances to establish the Commission, but rescinds the 
funds because they are not required to support activities of 
the Department of Justice.

                 Immigration and Naturalization Service

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,000,000 from 
amounts provided for fiscal year 1995 for the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service (INS). The Committee was informed 
through a formal briefing on January 4, 1995 by the INS on its 
planned allocation of resources for 1995, that INS intends to 
establish a cooperative research program of up to $2,000,000 to 
support research and evaluation activities related to 
immigration to be conducted by universities and private 
institutions. In its 1995 budget, INS did not request resources 
for the establishment of a research program and no such program 
was approved by Congress in its appropriation of resources for 
fiscal year 1995.
    The Committee understands that evaluation of activities is 
warranted especially in light of significant increases provided 
to INS in fiscal years 1994 and 1995, and the Committee expects 
that any amounts required for evaluation activities be 
requested through a reprogramming notification so that the 
impact on other INS program activities can be assessed. The 
Committee is not likely to approve a new university research 
grant program, at a time when resources are needed to take 
action to reduce illegal immigration.

                       Office of Justice Programs

                              drug courts

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $27,750,000 
provided for Drug Courts, the remaining unobligated balance in 
the program from funds appropriated under Title VIII, Violent 
Crime Control Appropriations Act, 1995 of P.L. 103-317.
    The House of Representatives passed H.R. 667, Violent 
Criminal Incarceration Act on February 10, 1995. H.R. 667 
amends Title V of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement 
Act of 1994 and in doing so repeals the Drug Courts program.
    This rescission simply conforms the appropriation to the 
most recent House action.
                      ounce of prevention council

    The Committee recommends supplemental language requested by 
the Administration which allows funds appropriated for grants 
by the Ounce of Prevention Council in Public Law 103-317, to 
also be available for administrative expenses of the Council. 
The language also allows the Council to accept, hold, 
administer and use gifts, both real and personal, for the 
purpose of facilitating its work.

                             RELATED AGENCY

                 National Bankruptcy Review Commission

    The Committee does not approve the proposed supplemental 
transfer of $1,500,000 in balances from the Department of 
Justice, Working Capital Fund to establish a new National 
Bankruptcy Review Commission. The Commission was authorized in 
the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1994. The proposed resources would 
fund the Commission for a three year period. The need for a new 
Commission has not been demonstrated.
                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

                     industrial technology services

    The Committee recommends a rescission totaling $27,100,000 
from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 
Industrial Technology Services appropriations account. Of this 
amount, the Committee intends that $26,500,000 be taken from 
the Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program (MEP) and 
$600,000 be taken from the Quality Program.
    The NIST Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program funds 
manufacturing assistance centers nationwide, although some of 
these centers were initially funded under the Technology 
Reinvestment Program of the Department of Defense. The intent 
of the Administration is that the Commerce Department will 
eventually fund all manufacturing assistance centers. Funds 
initially provided by the Commerce-Justice Subcommittee for 
this program in fiscal year 1995--$90,600,000--included a 
$29,535,000 increase above the President's request (which was 
double the fiscal year 1994 level of $30,235,000). The 
reduction proposed in this bill will still allow for an 
increase of $3,035,000 above the amounts originally requested 
for this program in fiscal year 1995, and an increase of 
$33,865,000 above the fiscal year 1994 level. The reduction of 
25 percent of the NIST MEP funds will slow the growth of the 
program to a more manageable level and allow the Committee to 
reevaluate its ability to continue to fund these centers in 
fiscal year 1996 and beyond.
    The reduction of $600,000 from the Quality Program 
eliminates the increase provided for this program in fiscal 
year 1995 for expansion of the awards program into the fields 
of health care and education. The Committee questions the 
Commerce Department's expertise in these areas. The Committee 
does not intend for this reduction to impact the base Baldridge 
award program.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

                  operations, research, and facilities

    The Committee recommends reductions totaling $37,000,000 
from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) 
Operations, Research, and Facilities appropriation account. The 
Committee intends that this reduction be applied as follows:
          --A reduction of $5,000,000 from the Coastal Ocean 
        Science Program, originally funded at $11,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 1995. This discretionary program supports a 
        staff of more than 50 people and was designed to be a 
        cross-cutting effort within NOAA to address issues 
        relating to coastal ocean science. Since the 1993 NOAA 
        strategic plan implemented a cross-cutting strategy for 
        all NOAA programs, this bureaucracy and the funding 
        program have become redundant. The reduction leaves $6 
        million for the base program for fiscal year 1995; the 
        Committee will consider further reductions in the 
        context of the fiscal year 1996 budget. The Committee 
        expects NOAA to provide a report on its plan for 
        applying this reduction to the base Coastal Ocean 
        Science program by March 31, 1995.
          --A reduction of $18,000,000 for the National 
        Undersea Research Program (NURP). This program, which 
        was not requested by the Administration in either 
        fiscal year 1995 or fiscal year 1996, supports a 
        headquarters research activity and an external network 
        of five regional Undersea Research Centers. The NOAA 
        Administrator stated in testimony before the Committee 
        last year that NURP was a lower priority than other 
        NOAA program increases requested for fiscal year 1995; 
        and therefore, the Committee proposes to eliminate this 
        program as requested in the fiscal year 1996 budget.
          --An elimination of the full amount of $7,000,000 
        provided for the Global Learning and Observations to 
        Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) program, a new program 
        proposed in fiscal year 1995. This program was intended 
        to give schoolchildren in various countries equipment 
        to allow them to collect environmental data and the 
        means to transmit that data back to scientists in the 
        United States. The intent of the program was that the 
        students' data would be used to contribute to climate 
        and environmental models. Questions of quality control 
        and consistency of the data have never been adequately 
        addressed.
          --A reduction of $7,000,000 from the NOAA Climate and 
        Global Change program. This reduction will return the 
        NOAA Climate and Global Change program to the fiscal 
        year 1994 level and allow the Committee to evaluate the 
        long-term goals of this program, including the funding 
        of the International Research Institute for Seasonal to 
        Interannual Climate Prediction, in the context of the 
        fiscal year 1996 budget request.
    The Committee expects that any funds already obligated 
against these subactivities will be absorbed out of the base 
NOAA funding.

                       Technology Administration

       under secretary for technology/office of technology policy

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,300,000 from 
the salaries and expenses of the Commerce Department's 
Technology Administration. This account was funded at 
$10,000,000 in fiscal year 1995, an increase of $4,300,000 
above the amount provided for fiscal year 1994. This account 
was initially funded at $3,900,000 in 1990--the proposed 
rescission will still allow for a 72 percent increase in the 
Department's technology policy office over five years. The 
Committee feels that an expanded bureaucracy layered on top of 
the NIST technology programs leads to redundancies, and 
proposes to scale the office back.

                 National Technical Information Service

                          ntis revolving fund

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $4,000,000 from 
the NTIS Revolving Fund. This rescission represents one-half of 
the funds provided in fiscal year 1995. The funds were provided 
as a one-time capitalization of the Commerce Department's 
information dissemination programs. The Committee feels that 
most of these modernization costs can be absorbed through fees 
paid by users of this technical information.
       National Telecommunications and Information Administration

                   information infrastructure grants

    The Committee recommends a reduction of $30,000,000 from 
amounts provided for the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration's (NTIA's) Information 
Infrastructure Grant program. This program was funded at 
$26,000,000 in its first year of existence (fiscal year 1994); 
$64,000,000 was originally provided in fiscal year 1995. The 
Committee's understanding of this program, which has never been 
authorized, was that the priority for grant awards was to fund 
applications leading to increased telecommunications access in 
areas where such service is not readily available and, absent 
Federal funding, service would probably not exist.
    Many of the projects funded in the initial round of grant 
awards (made after the fiscal year 1995 funding levels were 
set) did not correspond with the Committee's understanding of 
the program. The Committee has proposed this reduction to slow 
the rate of growth in this program (while allowing for a 
$4,000,000 increase over fiscal year 1994) and allow for a more 
thorough evaluation of the program's goals as well as dialogue 
with the Administration and the appropriate authorizing 
committees on the continuation of this program.

                  Economic Development Administration

                economic development assistance programs

    The Committee recommends a rescission totaling $45,084,000 
from prior year funding under the Economic Development 
Administration (EDA). This amount includes amounts originally 
appropriated in fiscal year 1992 as an emergency related to 
Hurricane Andrew and other disasters, and from funds 
appropriated in fiscal year 1993 as an emergency supplemental 
related to the Midwest floods. In both cases, emergency funding 
for EDA programs had not been requested by the Administration. 
The Committee believes that these funds have been available for 
an appropriate length of time to address the effect of any 
economic dislocation resulting from these disasters, and that 
remaining balances from these supplementals should be returned 
to the U.S. Treasury.
    The Committee has been aware of criticisms of some of the 
grants awarded with emergency funding following the Hurricane 
Andrew supplemental. Some of the projects funded were items 
which had been turned down for funding under the standard EDA 
criteria.
    Balances totaling $9,548,000 related to Hurricane Andrew 
supplemental and $28,036,000 for the Midwest Flood supplemental 
are rescinded in this bill.
    The Committee's recommendation also includes a rescission 
of $7,500,000 originally provided in fiscal year 1987 as an 
earmark for the Fort Worth Stockyards Project. These funds 
remain undisbursed eight years later.

                             THE JUDICIARY

    Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services

                           defender services

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,100,000 from 
the $250,000,000 provided for Defender Services in the fiscal 
year 1995 appropriations bill. That bill contained a 
limitation, prohibiting the expenditure of more than 
$19,800,000 on Death Penalty Resource Centers. On December 19, 
1994, the Administrative Office of the Courts submitted a 
reprogramming request, asking to spend $1,100,000 in excess of 
this limitation to establish a new Center. Since these funds 
have been reserved for a purpose for which they cannot be 
spent, the Committee has recommended that they be rescinded.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                     Small Business Administration

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $15,000,000 from 
the $258,175,000 appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for salaries 
and expenses of the Small Business Administration, as requested 
by the Administration. This rescission eliminates the funding 
for grants to states to plant trees.

                       Legal Services Corporation

               payment to the legal services corporation

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,849,000 from 
amounts provided for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 for the Legal 
Services Corporation. The amount includes $1,195,000 of 
carryover funds and a reduction of non-core programs to fiscal 
year 1994 levels. Non-core programs include law school clinics, 
supplemental field programs, regional training centers, 
national support, State support, the Clearinghouse, computer 
assisted legal research regional centers, client initiatives 
and management and administration. Within management and 
administration, the Committee expects that to the extent 
possible no activity should be reduced below its 1994 level. 
Core programs that provide legal services; such as basic field 
programs, remain at close to $10,000,000 above fiscal year 1994 
levels. The Committee intends that the portion of carryover 
funds that are recommended for rescission be reduced first from 
non-core programs.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                             RELATED AGENCY

                  Board for International Broadcasting

                          israel relay station

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,000,000 from 
unobligated funds available for the Israel Relay Station. The 
Committee has previously rescinded the funding for this 
canceled project. However, the Appendix to the fiscal year 1996 
Budget proposed by the President indicates an unobligated 
balance is still available under this account, from which this 
rescission is taken.
                              CHAPTER III

                      ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT

                      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE--CIVIL

                         DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

                       Corps of Engineers--Civil

                         general investigations

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $10,000,000 to be 
derived from currently available unobligated balances. 
Recently, the Corps of Engineers has done a poor job of 
executing the program that is presented to Congress. As a 
result, it has accumulated significant unobligated balances of 
funds. The Corps has recognized this problem and in the fiscal 
year 1996 budget request has proposed the use of a portion of 
the accumulated unobligated balances to help finance the fiscal 
year 1996 program. The Committee believes, however, that the 
Corps will still carry over excess unobligated balances into 
fiscal year 1996 and that these funds can be rescinded without 
seriously impacting ongoing work or the fiscal year 1996 
program.

                         construction, general

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $40,000,000 to be 
derived from currently available unobligated balances. 
Recently, the Corps of Engineers has done a poor job of 
executing the program that is presented to Congress. As a 
result, it has accumulated significant unobligated balances of 
funds. The Corps has recognized this problem and in the fiscal 
year 1996 budget request has proposed the use of a significant 
portion of the accumulated unobligated balances to help finance 
the fiscal year 1996 program. The Committee believes, however, 
that the Corps will still carry over excess unobligated 
balances into fiscal year 1996 and that these funds can be 
rescinded without seriously impacting ongoing work or the 
fiscal year 1996 program.
    Klamath-Glen Levee Repairs, California.--The Committee is 
aware that the Klamath-Glen Levee in Del Norte County, 
California, was constructed by the Army Corps of Engineers in 
1972 with 100 percent federal funding. The levee faces serious 
likelihood of failure due to design deficiencies which the 
Corps of Engineers acknowledges were its fault. Failure of the 
levee could have catastrophic human and economic consequences 
in an already distressed area. The Committee directs the Corps 
of Engineers to proceed with repairs to the Klamath-Glen Levee, 
using available funds appropriated for fiscal year 1995, under 
the same financial terms as the original construction. In view 
of the admitted responsibility of the Corps for the design 
flaws, the Committee does not believe it is appropriate for the 
Corps to require a local contribution in this instance.

                       DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

                         Bureau of Reclamation

                       operation and maintenance

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $10,000,000 of the 
$284,300,000 appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for the Bureau of 
Reclamation's Operation and Maintenance program. Since fiscal 
year 1987, the amount provided for the Bureau of Reclamation's 
Operation and Maintenance program has more than doubled. While 
the Committee has generally supported those past increases in 
order to protect the Federal investment in completed water 
resources projects, it is likely that the budgetary situation 
will preclude this program from continuing to increase as it 
has in the past. The Committee believes that the Bureau of 
Reclamation should seek opportunities to reduce its operation 
and maintenance program by looking for opportunities to turn 
over more operation and maintenance responsibilities to the 
beneficiaries of its projects.
    In addition, the Committee is concerned about the rate of 
increase in the Associated O&M; programs. The fiscal year 1996 
budget request for this category of work represents an increase 
of 50% above the amount provided in fiscal year 1992. The 
Committee believes that as funds become more scarce, 
Reclamation should focus its efforts on ensuring that the 
reliability of its projects is maintained.

                central valley project restoration fund

    The Committee is aware that the House Committee on 
Resources has indicated that it intends to reassess the scope 
of the San Joaquin River Basin Resource Management study 
authorized under section 3406(c)(1) of the Central Valley 
Project Improvement Act in part because of the Department of 
the Interior's statements that the study will not consider the 
diversion of water from the Friant Division of the Central 
Valley Project to restore the salmon run in the upper San 
Joaquin River below Friant Dam. Given this reassessment, the 
Committee is particularly concerned about the potential 
misallocation of the approximately $2,800,000 that has been 
programmed for this study but which remains unobligated. The 
Committee, therefore, directs that the Bureau of Reclamation 
not obligate any additional funds in fiscal year 1995 for the 
San Joaquin River Basin Management study.

                          DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

           Energy Supply, Research and Development Activities

    The Committee has proposed to rescind $116,500,000 of the 
$3,314,548,000 appropriated in fiscal year 1995 in the Energy 
Supply, Research and Development Activities account. This 
reduction shall be taken to the following programs. The 
Committee is aware of the streamlining and productivity efforts 
that the Department of Energy has initiated. It is assumed that 
those efforts can be applied to the implementation of this 
rescission.
    Solar and Renewable Energy.--A $35,000,000 reduction shall 
be taken as a general reduction in the Solar and Renewable 
Energy program. The Committee notes that even with this 
reduction, the funding for fiscal year 1995 will provide a 
slight increase above funding in fiscal year 1994.
    Environment, Safety and Health.--The Committee directs that 
$6,000,000 shall be taken in the Environment, Safety, and 
Health program to be applied to the general administrative 
support for the Department of Energy's internal oversight 
activities.
    Biological and Environmental Research.--The Committee 
directs that $15,000,000 be applied as a general reduction to 
the activities in the Biological and Environmental Research 
program. This reduction to the fiscal year 1995 appropriation 
will still provide for a 3 percent increase over the fiscal 
year 1994 appropriation.
    Advanced Neutron Source.--The Administration's budget 
proposal for fiscal year 1996 proposes termination of the 
Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) project of the Department of 
Energy. The Committee understands that the amount appropriated 
for ANS in fiscal year 1995 exceeds termination costs by 
$7,500,000 and therefore recommends a rescission in this 
amount.
    Energy Oversight, Research Analysis and University 
Support.--The Committee directs that an $8,000,000 reduction be 
applied to the Laboratory Technology Transfer activity in the 
Energy Oversight, Research Analysis and University Support 
program. Even with this reduction, the funding for the 
Laboratory Technology Transfer activity has increased by 31 
percent over fiscal year 1994.
    Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (Non-
Defense).--The Committee directs a reduction of $45,000,000 in 
the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management activities. 
This reduction should be taken against those activities which 
are not direct cleanup efforts performed at Department of 
Energy sites.

         defense environmental restoration and waste management

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $28,000,000 of 
funds appropriated in fiscal year 1995.

                      Departmental Administration

    The Committee has proposed to rescind $20,000,000 of the 
fiscal year 1995 appropriation of $407,312,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Department of Energy. This 5 percent reduction 
is to be applied to the administrative operations of the 
Department including salaries and expenses and program support 
activities. The Committee is aware that the Department has 
often responded to reductions in this account by assessing 
other program organizations for the same services. Compensating 
for these reductions by assessing other program organizations 
for services normally paid out of this account is not 
acceptable. The Department should be critically evaluating its 
general management activities to position itself for an 
anticipated downsizing in fiscal year 1996.

                          INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

                    APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $10,000,000. 
Notwithstanding this reduction, the net appropriation for 
fiscal year 1995 will support a program level exceeding the 
Administration's fiscal year 1995 budget request by 
$85,000,000. The reduction is recommended in recognition of 
severe budgetary constraints, which will only become more 
pronounced as Congress works to produce a balanced budget by 
the year 2002.

                       TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,000,000 to be 
applied to the appropriated programs of the Tennessee Valley 
Authority (TVA). The reduction is to be taken against the 
$142,873,000 appropriated to TVA for fiscal year 1995.
                               CHAPTER IV

       FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS

                    MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                  funds appropriated to the president

                  International Financial Institutions

                international organizations and programs

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $25,000,000 from 
funds appropriated for fiscal year 1995. The increase in 
appropriations in this account from $310,000,000 in fiscal year 
1993 to the current level of $374,000,000 can not be sustained 
in the current budget environment.
    This rescission does not affect the United Nations 
Children's Fund, for which $100,000,000 has already been 
obligated. The Committee notes with regret the recent death of 
James P. Grant, an American citizen who served with distinction 
as Executive Director of UNICEF for many years.

                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                  funds appropriated to the president

                  Agency for International Development

                      development assistance fund

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $45,500,000 from 
the Development Assistance Fund of the Agency for International 
Development (AID). The Committee recommends that AID apportion 
the reductions, to the maximum extent possible, equitably among 
all of the activities funded by this account.

                   population, development assistance

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $9,000,000 from 
this account which has increased from $350,000,000 in fiscal 
year 1993 to $450,000,000 in the current fiscal year. This 
increase in appropriations can not be sustained in the current 
appropriations environment.

                          MILITARY ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

                        peacekeeping operations

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $4,500,000 from 
the $75,000,000 provided in fiscal year 1995. Although this 
appropriation was justified last year as being urgently needed 
for specific international peacekeeping activities funded by 
the United States on a voluntary basis, the Administration 
subsequently diverted $27,000,000 to unplanned activities in 
Haiti that have not previously been funded from this account.

                           EXPORT ASSISTANCE

                export-import bank of the united states

                         subsidy appropriation

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,000,000 from 
the total $1,786,551,000 in subsidy appropriations provided in 
fiscal years 1994 and 1995. At least $300,000,000 was provided 
in fiscal year 1994 for exports to the Russian Federation, 
especially in the oil and gas sectors, which have not 
materialized due to the uncertain business climate and flagging 
market reform. The Committee commends the Export-Import Bank 
for its prudent approach to the risks involved when pledging 
the full faith and credit of the United States to secure 
financial arrangements in Russian under the current conditions.

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

                      trade and development agency

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $4,500,000 from 
the $44,986,000 provided to the Trade and Development Agency 
(TDA) in fiscal year 1995. The Committee notes that TDA is the 
only one of the three international export/investment agencies 
that makes grants to foreign governments. The Committee 
encourages TDA to cooperate with the Congress in developing a 
method of recouping a portion of its costs from American 
companies that benefit from its financial support, thereby 
reducing TDA's future appropriation requirements.
                               CHAPTER V

            DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES

                       DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

                       Bureau of Land Management

                   management of lands and resources

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $70,000 from 
Management of Lands and Resources to be derived from amounts 
available for developing and finalizing the Roswell Resource 
Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement and the Carlsbad 
Resource Management Plan Amendment/Environmental Impact 
Statement, and has placed a moratorium on the implementation of 
such plans.

                        construction and access

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $4,500,000 from 
Construction and Access, which is comprised of a $3,500,000 
reduction from the Campbell Creek Environmental Education 
Center, AK, and $1,000,0000 from the Yaquina Head Ecological 
Interpretive Center, OR.

                       payments in lieu of taxes

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,000,000 from 
Payments in Lieu of Taxes. The remaining $98,909,000 available 
for fiscal year 1995 is a 5 percent reduction below the fiscal 
year 1994 funding level.

                            land acquisition

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,997,000 from 
Land Acquisition to be distributed as follows:

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Organ Mountains, NM.................................       -$500,000
    Oregon City, OR.....................................        -728,000
    Pariette Wetlands, UT...............................        -185,000
    Warner Lake, OR.....................................        -584,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................     -$1,997,000
                United States Fish and Wildlife Service

                          Resource Management

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,000,000 from 
Resource Management for endangered species listing activities.

                              construction

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $14,390,000 from 
Construction to be distributed as follows:

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Alaska Maritime NWR, refuge facilities..............     -$1,100,000
    Crab Orchard NWR, IL, dam repairs, completed........         -51,000
    Flint Hills NWR, KS, office/visitor center 
      renovation........................................        -649,000
    Grays Harbor NWR, WA, Bowerman Basin trails.........        -349,000
    Hatchie NWR, TN, handicapped fishing access.........        -485,000
    Hurricane Andrew relief funds, completed............         -66,000
    Kenai NWR, AK, Skilak loop camp ground..............      -4,097,000
    Lake Ilo NWR, ND, dam, completed....................      -1,146,000
    Little River NWR, OK, headquarters..................      -2,500,000
    Lower Suwannee NWR, FL, bridge, completed...........         -20,000
    Lower Suwannee NWR, FL, facility, completed.........        -139,000
    Mark Twain NWR, IL Brussels/Wapello, boat ramps.....        -408,000
    Stillwater NWR, NV, water delivery system...........      -1,200,000
    Stone Lakes NWR, CA, water supply...................        -293,000
    Tensas NWR, LA, public use access road..............        -150,000
    Tishomingo NWR, OK, administrative office...........        -422,000
    Trempealeau NWR, WI, Lower Barrier Dike, completed..         -33,000
    Upper Mississippi NWR, MN, repair public access.....        -959,000
    Upper Mississippi NWR, MN, boat ramps...............        -319,000
    White River NWR, AR, Essex Bayou bridge, completed..          -4,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................    -$14,390,000
                            land acquisition

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $7,345,000 from 
Land Acquisition to be distributed as follows:

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Canaan Valley NWR, WV...............................       -$500,000
    EB Forsythe NWR, NJ.................................      -2,800,000
    Grays Harbor NWR, WA................................        -749,000
    Great Meadows NWR, MA...............................        -352,000
    Lake Umbagog NWR, ME, NH............................      -2,250,000
    Petit Manan NWR, ME.................................        -461,000
    Walnut Creek NWR, IA................................        -233,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................     -$7,345,000
                       National Biological Survey

                   research, inventories, and surveys

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $16,680,000 from 
Research, Inventories, and Surveys. The recommended reductions 
more closely reflect the total base funding for the seven 
Interior bureaus prior to the establishment of the National 
Biological Survey in 1993. The Committee expects the Survey to 
avoid any increase in staffing at the regional offices. The 
distribution of the recommended rescission follows:

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Research............................................     -$8,660,000
    Inventory and Monitoring............................      -3,350,000
    Information Transfer................................      -1,870,000
    Cooperative Research units..........................      -1,450,000
    Facilities operation and maintenance................        -750,000
    Administration......................................        -600,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................    -$16,680,000
                         National Park Service

                              construction

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $22,831,000 from 
Construction. This rescission reflects a serious effort by the 
Committee to eliminate funding for projects that represent 
agency low priorities or projects that can be delayed. The 
outyear savings as a result of this action is projected to be 
$48,000,000. The distribution of the recommended rescission 
follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Projected  
                Project                    Rescission         Outyear   
                                                              Savings   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Blue Ridge Parkway (Fisher Peak), VA..       -$4,900,000      $7,500,000
Chamizal NM, TX.......................        -1,200,000       1,000,000
Chickamauga-Chattanooga NMP, GA.......        -1,900,000      15,000,000
Grand Canyon NP, AZ...................        -2,000,000  ..............
Monocacy Nat. Battlefield (Gambrill),                                   
 MD...................................          -863,000       3,300,000
National Trail Center, IA.............        -3,700,000       6,200,000
Maine Acadian Culture (tech.                                            
 assistance)..........................          -995,000  ..............
Cuyahoga NRA, OH......................          -200,000  ..............
Lincoln Research Center, IL...........        -5,100,000      15,000,000
Lowell Historic Preservation                                            
 Commission, MA.......................        -1,773,000  ..............
Vicksburg NB, MS (tech. assistance)...          -200,000  ..............
                                       ---------------------------------
      Total...........................      -$22,831,000     $48,000,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                     urban park and recreation fund

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $7,480,000 from 
the Urban Park and Recreation Fund. This will eliminate the 
program in fiscal year 1995.
    While the program's goal of providing incentives for cities 
to improve their recreational opportunities is of value, the 
Committee believes that, given the size of the federal deficit, 
programs of this nature are more appropriately left to State 
and local governments.

                 land acquisition and state assistance

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $16,509,000 from 
Land Acquisition and State Assistance. Of the 18 projects 
listed below, 11 were not requested by the National Park 
Service. Funds for several projects represent carry over 
funding from previous years. In some instances, funds were 
appropriated as far back as fiscal year 1984 but never 
expended. For example, acquisition at Jefferson National 
Expansion Memorial has been slowed by the discovery of toxic 
substances. Salt River Bay NHP is on hold awaiting the Virgin 
Island Government's approval of the land protection plan. In 
the case of Valley Forge NHP, no appraisals have been ordered 
and acquisition is unlikely in fiscal year 1995. The Committee 
recommends the following distribution of the rescission:

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Acadia NP, ME.......................................     -$1,000,000
    Big South Fork NRA, TN, KY..........................        -500,000
    Congaree Swamp NM, SC...............................        -100,000
    Fire Island NS, NY..................................        -300,000
    Jefferson Expansion Memorial, IL....................        -700,000
    Salt River NHP, VI..................................      -3,000,000
    Valley Forge NHP, PA................................      -1,300,000
    Antietam NB, MD.....................................      -1,400,000
    C&O; Canal NHP, MD, WV, DC...........................        -205,000
    Chaco Culture NHP, NM...............................        -271,000
    Denali NP, AK.......................................      -4,800,000
    Ft. Raleigh NHS, NC.................................        -372,000
    Lowell NHP, MA......................................        -447,000
    Natchez NHP, MS.....................................        -321,000
    Obed River WSR, TN..................................        -261,000
    Palo Alto NB, TX....................................        -494,000
    San Antonio Missions NHP, TX........................        -424,000
    Weir Farm NHS, CT...................................        -614,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................    -$16,509,000
                        Bureau of Indian Affairs

                      operation of indian programs

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $4,046,000 from 
Operation of Indian Programs. The rescission recommendation 
includes, $2,583,000 for Indian business development grants and 
$1,463,000 for special tribal courts.

                              construction

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $10,309,000 from 
Construction, including $2,000,000 from emergency shelters, 
$4,000,000 from contingency funds, $2,900,000 from employee 
housing, and $1,409,000 from fish hatchery rehabilitation.
    The $2,000,000 for emergency shelters is no longer needed 
for its stated purpose. The rescission of $4,000,000 from 
contingency funds should still provide sufficient funds to meet 
the demands for construction projects currently in the pipeline 
for fiscal year 1995. The rescission of $2,900,000 for employee 
housing reduces unobligated balances while maintaining 
sufficient funds for this function. The rescission of 
$1,409,000 from hatchery rehabilitation eliminates over 35 
small, low-priority projects.

                 Territorial and International Affairs

                     administration of territories

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,438,000 from 
Administration of Territories, including $438,000 in disaster 
assistance and $2,000,000 in maintenance assistance to the 
Northern Mariana Islands.
                 trust territory of the pacific islands

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $32,139,000 from 
the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands for government 
operations grants. This grant program designed to provide 
operational support, was terminated when Micronesian entities 
changed their political status through the Compact of Free 
Association.

                       DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

                             Forest Service

                            forest research

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $6,000,000 from 
Forest Research. The reduction should be taken from lower 
priority activities. The remaining fiscal year 1995 funding 
level is a $665,000 increase over the fiscal year 1994 
appropriation.
                       state and private forestry

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $12,500,000 from 
State and Private Forestry for the Forest Legacy program.

                         international forestry

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,000,000 from 
International Forestry. The Committee considers this new 
program to be of lower priority than other Forest Service 
efforts.

                         national forest system

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,327,000 from 
the National Forest System of which $2,827,000 is for general 
administration and $500,000 is for recreation use, wilderness 
management. The remaining fiscal year 1995 funding level for 
wilderness management, recreation use is a $1,119,000 increase 
over the fiscal year 1994 appropriation.

                              construction

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $4,919,000 from 
Construction to be distributed as follows.

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Alabama NFs, Bankhead NF, Clear Creek, campground...       -$418,000
    Arapaho-Roosevelt NF, CO, Boulder Office............         -50,000
    Florida NFs. Ocala NF, Salt Springs rehabilitation..        -599,000
    Hiawatha NF, MI, St. Ignace administrative site.....        -210,000
    Kaibab NF, AZ, Chalender Ranger Station.............         -85,000
    Lolo NF, MT, Seeley Lake warehouse..................        -239,000
    Nebraska NF, Hudson-Meng, Prairie Center design.....        -231,000
    North Carolina NFs, Uwharrie NF, Badin Lake 
      campgrounds.......................................        -399,000
    Pike/San Isabel NF, CO, Twin Lakes recreation area..        -370,000
    Routt NF, CO, Routt Office..........................        -211,000
    Routt NF, CO, Fish Creek Fall recreation area.......         -77,000
    Texas NF, Cagle Campground..........................        -238,000
    Toiyabe NF, NV, Carson Office expansion.............        -360,000
    Tongass-Chatham NF, AK, Hoonah warehouse............        -494,000
    Wasatch-Cache NF, UT, Salt Lake District Office.....        -351,000
    White River NF, CO, Redstone campground.............        -492,000
    White River NF, CO, Maroon Valley recreation area...         -95,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................     -$4,919,000
                            land acquisition

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,974,000 from 
Land Acquisition to be distributed as follows:

Project:                                                      Rescission
    Chattooga, WSR NC/SC................................       -$405,000
    Colorado Wilderness, CO.............................        -300,000
    Green Mountain NF, VT...............................      -1,600,000
    Pinhoti Trail, AL, trail acquisition................        -257,000
    Seneca Rocks, WV....................................        -422,000
    Uwharrie NF, NC.....................................        -900,000
    Wayne NF, OH........................................         -90,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................     -$3,974,000
                          DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

                 fossil energy research and development

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $18,650,000 from 
Fossil Energy Research and Development, including $1,250,000 
for coal bed methane research, $1,700,000 for planar solid 
oxide fuel cells, and $1,000,000 for gas to liquids research in 
the natural gas program; $5,000,000 for the advanced 
computational technology initiative, including $3,500,000 in 
the natural gas program and $1,500,000 in the oil program; 
$5,000,000 in the oil program for Class 4 recovery field 
demonstration projects; and $4,700,000 in the coal program, 
including $1,200,000 for the gasification project improvement 
facility in WV, and $3,500,000 for in-house liquefaction 
research of which $2,000,000 is for indirect liquefaction and 
$1,500,000 is for direct liquefaction.

                 naval petroleum and oil share reserves

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $21,000,000 from 
the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves (NPR). This amount 
is equivalent to the unobligated prior year funding available 
to NPR as of January 1995. The remaining funds available for 
fiscal year 1995, along with prior year unobligated funds, and 
uncosted balances in the operations contact for the NPR should 
be sufficient to fund operations at the reserves for the fiscal 
year 1995.

                          energy conservation

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $59,928,000 from 
Energy Conservation, including $46,228,000 in fiscal year 1995 
funding and $13,700,000 in fiscal year 1994 funding.
    The $13,700,000 in fiscal year 1994 funding which is 
recommended for rescission was appropriated in industry 
programs for a direct steelmaking demonstration program which 
has not been initiated. Such a demonstration program 
potentially has large outyear commitments for the Federal 
government and the Committee believes that this project is more 
appropriately left to private industry.
    Rescissions recommended for fiscal year 1995 include 
$8,010,000 in buildings programs, $1,918,000 in industry 
programs, $21,500,000 in transportation programs of which 
$20,000,000 is for fleet demonstration vehicle purchases by 
Federal agencies and $1,500,000 is for the partnership for new 
generation vehicles initiative, and $14,800,000 in technical 
and financial assistance for the weatherization assistance 
program which leaves about $5,000,000 of the $20,000,000 
increase provided for that program in fiscal year 1995. The 
recommended rescissions in building programs include $5,000,000 
for the Federal energy efficiency fund, $2,500,000 for Rebuild 
America which leaves $5,500,000 for that effort, and $510,000 
for market pull partnerships in the areas of heating and 
cooling. Industry program rescissions include $347,000 for 
electric drives and $1,571,000 for the climate-wise initiative 
which leaves about $2,400,000 for that program.
    The rescission recommended for the weatherization 
assistance program should not interfere with the adoption of 
the new distribution formula. The new formula should be applied 
to the total amount available after the rescission.
                        DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

              Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

                            indian education

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,000,000 from 
Indian Education for special programs for Indian children. This 
rescission reduces a variety of discretionary grants including: 
demonstration grants, professional development, and 
fellowships. However, this reduction leaves sufficient funds 
and flexibility for the Department to continue to fund 
grantees.

                         OTHER RELATED AGENCIES

                        Smithsonian Institution

        construction and improvements, national zoological park

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,000,000 from 
Construction and Improvements, National Zoological Park. Of 
this amount, $500,000 is rescinded from the Front Royal 
Conservation and Research Center for road repairs and $500,000 
from construction of the aquatic trail at the National 
Zoological Park.

                              construction

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $31,012,000 from 
Construction. Of this amount, $1,700,000 is rescinded for the 
Post Office Building renovation, $3,900,000 is rescinded for 
the Air and Space Extension and $375,000 is rescinded for 
planning of this facility, $21,900,000 is rescinded for the 
National Museum of the American Indian Cultural Center in 
Suitland, Maryland and $987,000 is rescinded for planning of 
the NMAI mall facility, and $2,150,000 is rescinded from the 
alterations and modifications account for ten display 
modification projects that most likely will not be started this 
year.
    Although federal funds have been expended for some of these 
projects, all are in the pre-construction phase. These 
rescissions will result in a projected outyear savings of $187 
million dollars.

                        National Gallery of Art

            repair, restoration and renovation of buildings

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $407,000 from 
Repair, Restoration and Renovation of Buildings to eliminate 
the remaining funds for a proposed sculpture garden.

             John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts

                              construction

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,000,000 from 
Construction for capital repair and renovation funding. It is 
the Committee's understanding that this reduction will not 
affect renovation projects scheduled for 1995.

            Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,300,000 from 
Salaries and Expenses for the costs associated with completing 
the interior space which has been reserved for the Center in 
the Federal Triangle Building and for purchasing furniture.

           National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities

                    National Endowment for the Arts

                       grants and administration

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,000,000 from 
Grants and Administration, including $1,000,000 from 
administration and $4,000,000 from the arts programs. Of the 
$4,000,000 the Committee recommends that to the maximum extent 
practicable NEA reduce grants to individuals, excluding the 
National Heritage Fellowship Awards from any reductions.

                 National Endowment for the Humanities

                       grants and administration

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,000,000 from 
Grants and Administration, including $1,000,000 from 
administration and $4,000,000 from the grants program.
                               CHAPTER VI

DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, EDUCATION, AND RELATED 
                                AGENCIES

                          DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

                 Employment and Training Administration

                    training and employment services

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,285,376,000 
appropriated in Public Law 103-333 and Public Law 103-112 for 
programs under the Job Training Partnership Act, the School-to-
Work Opportunities Act, the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act 
and other similar authorities. The President requested no 
rescissions in this account. The rescissions were taken against 
a base funding level of $6,188,167,000. The Committee has 
attempted to eliminate or substantially reduce ineffective or 
low-priority programs; to eliminate very small categorical 
programs whose purposes can be served under larger job training 
programs; to restrain the growth of some large programs which 
have grown rapidly in recent years; and to eliminate or reduce 
small commissions and boards. Virtually all of these funds are 
not available for obligation until July 1, 1995. The following 
table reflects the Committee's recommendations:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            FY 1995        Recommended  
                Program                  appropriation      rescission  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adult job training....................       $1,054,813         -$33,000
Youth job training....................          598,682         -310,000
Summer youth employment (1995)........          867,070         -867,070
Summer youth employment (1996)........          871,540         -871,540
Displaced worker program..............        1,296,000          -99,300
School-to-work........................          125,000          -12,500
Job Corps construction................          142,029          -10,000
Youth Fair Chance.....................           24,785          -24,785
Native American job training..........           64,080           -6,408
Migrants and seasonal farmworkers job                                   
 training.............................           85,710           -8,571
JTPA pilots and demonstrations........           35,522          -10,500
JTPA research and demonstration.......           12,196           -3,000
Veterans homeless job training........            5,011           -5,011
Rural concentrated employment programs            3,861           -3,861
Women in apprenticeship...............              744             -744
American Samoans......................            5,000           -5,000
Microenterprise grants................            2,250           -2,250
JTPA capacity building................            6,000           -6,000
National Commission for Employment                                      
 Policy...............................            2,223           -2,223
National Occupational Information                                       
 Coordinating Committee...............            6,000             -500
National Center for the Workplace.....            1,113           -1,113
National Skill Standards Board........            6,000           -2,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The bill includes a rescission of $33,000,000 for the adult 
job training program under the Job Training Partnership Act 
(JTPA). This represents a three percent reduction in the FY 
1995 appropriation, but it still allows a three percent 
increase over FY 1994. The FY 1995 appropriation is not 
available for obligation until July 1, 1995.
    For the youth job training program authorized by title II, 
part C of JTPA, the bill includes a rescission of $310,000,000. 
The FY 1995 appropriation is not available for obligation until 
July 1, 1995. The rescission recommended by the Committee 
represents about a 52 percent reduction in the program. The 
revised level for FY 1995 is $288,682,000; this is the same 
level requested by the President for this program for FY 1996. 
The Committee is accelerating the reduction in the program 
through this rescission.
    There appears to be little evidence that this program is 
successfully preparing people for the future job market. The 
Department recently published a comprehensive review of the 
economic impacts of employment and training programs entitled 
What's Working and What's Not. This review contained several 
discouraging conclusions concerning this program. It was noted 
that short-term skills training has ``been found to be 
unsuccessful in raising youth employment or earnings'' and that 
``it does not appear that JTPA youth training has significant 
positive impacts.'' It also noted that subsidized work 
experience for disadvantaged youth ``has generally not had 
long-term positive effects on employment or earnings''.
    The bill includes a total rescission of $1,738,610,000 for 
the summer youth employment program under JTPA. This includes 
$867,070,000 for the summer of 1995 and $871,540,000 for the 
summer of 1996. This action would terminate the program. A 
portion of these funds, $682,282,000, was included in the FY 
1994 Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations Act. This program has 
not provided permanent skills training or education for young 
people. It is basically an income supplement. The Department's 
own reviews indicate that ``. . . subsidized work experience 
alone has not been particularly successful in improving the 
employability of out-of-school disadvantaged high school 
dropouts once the subsidized work [has] ended.'' Subsidized 
work experience ``. . . has generally not had long-term 
positive effects on employment and earnings.'' These jobs are 
public sector jobs that do not meet critical needs. The 
Committee believes that this program is a lower-priority 
Federal activity that we can no longer afford.
    The Committee recommends a rescission of $99,300,000 for 
the displaced worker program under title III of JTPA. This 
represents a little over half of the increase provided in the 
FY 1995 appropriations act. The amount remaining after the 
rescission would be $1,196,700,000; this is still an increase 
over FY 1994 of 7 percent. This program has grown rapidly over 
the past couple of years. In FY 1993 the appropriation was 
$566,646,000. Program evaluations have questioned the 
effectiveness of short-term training for displaced workers.
    For the School-to-Work program which is in its second year 
of operation, the bill includes a rescission of $12,500,000. 
This represents a 10 percent reduction in the appropriation. 
The original appropriation was $125,000,000; in FY 1994 it was 
only $50,000,000. After the rescission, the program would still 
have more than double the funds that it had in FY 1994. The 
Committee supports this program and wants to see it succeed. 
However, in the current fiscal climate, savings must be found 
in all areas of the budget.
    The bill rescinds the entire amount of the appropriation 
for the Youth Fair Chance program under the Job Training 
Partnership Act. The FY 1995 amount was $24,785,000. The 
Committee does not agree that there is a need for this separate 
categorical program to serve ``youths'' up to 30 years of age. 
This population can be served under the basic JTPA block grant.
    For the Native American and migrant and seasonal farmworker 
job training programs, the Committee recommends a rescission 
totaling $14,979,000; this includes $6,408,000 for Native 
Americans and $8,571,000 for migrants. This is a 10 percent 
reduction in current appropriations. In the current fiscal 
climate, savings must be found in all areas of the budget. 
These groups could be served under the basic JTPA State block 
grants.
    The bill includes a rescission of $10,500,000 for pilots 
and demonstrations under JTPA. This is a reduction of 30 
percent from the current appropriation. There would be 
$25,022,000 remaining after the rescission. These are special-
purpose discretionary funds that go to a variety of interest 
groups and organizations.
    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,000,000 for 
research and demonstrations under JTPA. This is a reduction of 
25 percent from the current appropriation. There would be 
$9,196,000 remaining after the rescission. No part of this 
reduction shall be taken from evaluation funding, particularly 
for the ongoing Job Corps evaluation. The Committee feels that 
research and demonstration are a lower-priority activity at a 
time of great fiscal constraint.
    For the Job Corps program, the Committee has included a 
rescission of $10,000,000 for capital costs. This eliminates 
funding for four new centers approved in the FY 1995 
appropriations act. There are still eight new centers underway 
that were approved in prior fiscal years. The Committee has 
eliminated funding for the four centers because of concerns 
over the long-range construction and operating costs associated 
with them. Each new center on average costs about $16,000,000 
to build and about $10,000,000 per year to operate. The 
Committee has always supported the Job Corps program and will 
continue to do so to the extent budgetary allocations permit. 
However, in the current fiscal climate, savings must be found 
in all areas of the budget.
    The Committee has eliminated several small job training 
activities which simply cannot be afforded any longer. These 
include microenterprise grants, American Samoan training, rural 
concentrated employment programs, women in apprenticeship, 
veterans homeless job training, and JTPA capacity building 
activities. The bill eliminates the National Center for the 
Workplace which the Committee believes is not a critical 
Federal activity. The Committee notes that the President 
proposes to eliminate this in his FY 1996 budget. The bill also 
eliminates the National Commission for Employment Policy which 
performs studies that could be done by other groups and is not 
a critical activity. The Committee has reduced funding for the 
National Skill Standards Board by $2,000,000 and reduced the 
National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee by 
$500,000.

            community service employment for older americans

    The bill includes a rescission of $14,440,000 for the older 
workers employment program under title V of the Older Americans 
Act. This includes $11,263,000 for national contractors and 
$3,177,000 for State grants. This returns the program to the 
original FY 1995 President's budget request level. It is a 
reduction of 3.5 percent. These funds are not obligated by the 
Department until July 1.

     state unemployment insurance and employment service operations

    The Committee recommends a total rescission for this 
account of $28,000,000. The original appropriation was 
$3,416,285,000. Most of this appropriation is derived by 
transfer from the Unemployment Trust Fund, but it does include 
$147,188,000 in general funds. The Committee recommends three 
reductions in this account. First, a rescission of $9,000,000 
is included for excess postage funds that are currently 
available to the State employment security agencies; the 
President requested a $4,000,000 rescission for this purpose. 
In addition, the Department proposed to transfer an additional 
$3,806,000 from postage funds to another account; the Committee 
has not approved the transfer. Instead, the Committee 
recommends that $9,000,000 be rescinded. Second, the Committee 
has reduced Employment Service State grants by $7,000,000. This 
is a reduction of about one percent from the enacted 
appropriation for FY 1995; the States would still have a small 
increase available to them for FY 1995. The amount remaining 
would be $838,912,000. Third, the bill includes a rescission of 
$12,000,000 for the new one-stop career center program. This is 
a reduction of 10 percent from the enacted appropriation of 
$120,000,000. This program was funded at $50,000,000 in FY 
1994. The Committee supports this program but given the 
expansion in the FY 1995 appropriation it feels that the 
program can absorb this relatively small reduction without 
adverse consequences.

                  Employment Standards Administration

                         salaries and expenses

    The bill includes a rescission of $2,487,000 for the Wage 
and Hour Division of the Employment Standards Administration. 
The FY 1995 appropriation was $101,372,000, which was an 
increase of $4,230,000 over FY 1994. The Committee has removed 
only part of the increase provided. The Wage and Hour Division 
administers a number of wage protection statutes, including the 
Davis-Bacon Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Service 
Contract Act.

             Occupational Safety and Health Administration

                         salaries and expenses

    The bill includes a rescission of $16,072,000 for the 
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This 
represents the entire increase over the FY 1994 appropriation. 
The agency would still have an operating budget of $296,428,000 
for FY 1995. The reduction would be spread over every budget 
activity in the agency; the bulk of it, $10,170,000, would come 
from Federal and State enforcement activities.
                DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

              Health Resources and Services Administration

                     health resources and services

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $82,775,000 for 
ten activities funded under this account. The original fiscal 
year 1995 appropriation for the account was $3,071,059,000. The 
President requested rescissions totaling $29,147,000. The 
recommended reductions are as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              1995           Proposed   
                Program                  appropriation      rescission  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Health Service Corps.........     $125,123,000      $12,500,000
Rural health research.................       13,176,000        3,750,000
State offices of rural health.........        3,875,000        3,875,000
Native Hawaiian health care...........        4,524,000        3,300,000
Pacific Basin initiative..............        2,861,000        1,000,000
Organ transplantation.................        2,629,000        2,450,000
Trauma care...........................        4,793,000        4,500,000
Health care facilities................       15,000,000       15,000,000
Healthy Start.........................      110,000,000       10,000,000
Rural health outreach grants..........       27,029,000       26,400,000
                                       ---------------------------------
        Total rescissions.............  ...............       82,775,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The rescission of $12,500,000 for the National Health 
Service Corps represents a ten percent reduction in the size of 
the program. The General Accounting Office testified that the 
Department has no long term retention data to judge the impact 
of the program. Concerns have been raised that 7 percent of the 
students have defaulted and another 13 percent have satisfied 
their obligation through financial payment rather than service. 
The Committee has not distributed the reduction between the 
field placement and recruitment activities in order to give the 
Department of Health and Human Services flexibility to minimize 
program disruption.
    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,750,000 for 
rural health research, bringing funding back to the fiscal year 
1994 level and the House-passed mark. The program received a 40 
percent increase in 1995. Rural health research is conducted 
throughout the Department of Health and Human Services, 
including the Health Care Financing Administration and the 
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.
    The bill includes a rescission of $3,875,000 for State 
offices of rural health to terminate the program. All fifty 
States have received funds under this program to establish 
State offices; the program has been funded since 1991. Most 
funding is used for staff costs.
    A rescission of $3,300,000 is proposed for Native Hawaiian 
health care, along with a $1,000,000 rescission of Pacific 
Basin initiative funds. All remaining 1995 funding for the two 
programs would be terminated. The Committee questions the need 
for specific programs for particular geographic populations 
when they have access to other national programs, like 
community health centers, Medicaid, and the preventive health 
services block grant.
    The Committee recommends rescissions of $2,450,000 for 
organ transplantation and $4,500,000 for trauma care. All 
remaining funding for the two programs would be terminated. The 
transplantation program does not finance organ transplants; it 
supports auxiliary activities such as a registry and a network, 
which could be financed from alternative sources. The trauma 
care funding supports State planning activities, not the care 
of patients. The program has been funded since 1992. Preventive 
health services block grant funding can also be used for this 
purpose.
    The bill includes a rescission of $15,000,000 appropriated 
for the construction of health care facilities, which would 
terminate all funding. The President requested a $2 million 
rescission of these funds in the 1996 budget. A rarely used, 
expired authority was cited in the 1995 bill with the intent of 
funding two construction projects in West Virginia and one in 
Pennsylvania. The construction of outpatient health care 
facilities has not been a principal function of the Department 
of Health and Human Services.
    The Committee recommends a rescission of $10,000,000 for 
the Healthy Start program, which would preserve a $2,500,000 
increase over the 1994 level. The new total funding level of 
$100,000,000 is the same as the President's 1996 request for 
the program. This demonstration program has received $263 
million since 1991.
    The bill includes a rescission of $26,400,000 for rural 
outreach grants, which would terminate all remaining funding. 
The program has been supported with $91.8 million since 1991 
with no specific authorization. It was intended to be a 
demonstration to establish coordination among health care 
providers in rural areas.

               Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

                disease control, research, and training

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $8,883,000 for 
three activities funded under this account. The original fiscal 
year 1995 appropriation for the account was $2,087,272,000. The 
President requested rescissions totaling $1,300,000. The 
recommended reductions are as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              1995           Proposed   
                Program                  appropriation      rescission  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Infectious diseases...................      $53,543,000       $2,800,000
Injury control........................       44,979,000        1,300,000
National Institute for Occupational                                     
 Safety and Health....................      133,120,000        4,783,000
                                       ---------------------------------
      Total rescissions...............  ...............        8,883,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee bill proposes a rescission of $2,800,000 for 
infectious diseases. Even with this reduction, half of the 
increase provided in 1995 for the program would be maintained. 
After the rescission, infectious diseases would receive a 7 
percent increase.
    The Committee bill accepts the President's recommendation 
to rescind $1,300,000 of injury control funding. The program 
received a 14 percent increase in 1995; after the rescission, 
it would still receive a $4,371,000 increase.
    The bill includes a rescission of $4,783,000 for the 
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. This 
would return funding to the 1994 level, which was the amount 
approved by the House. The funding increase was targeted to a 
new intramural laboratory facility in West Virginia.

                     National Institutes of Health

                 national center for research resources

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $20,000,000 
appropriated for extramural facilities construction grants. No 
funds would remain for this activity in 1995. The original 1995 
appropriation for the account was $294,737,000. The President 
proposed a $1,000,000 rescission for this activity. The 
National Institutes of Health support $270 million of facility 
construction through indirect cost reimbursement. This modest 
direct Federal funding for facilities is too small to have any 
significant impact on nationwide construction needs; direct 
university research facility construction has not been a 
principal National Institutes of Health responsibility for many 
years.

                        buildings and facilities

    The Committee recommends the rescission of $50,000,000 of 
funds appropriated in previous fiscal years for construction 
projects on the National Institutes of Health campus that are 
no longer anticipated to be built. These funds have remained 
available until expended. The Committee recognizes that the 
National Institutes of Health has been developing plans for 
alternative uses of these funds; by its action, the Committee 
has not rendered judgment on these alternate projects.
                     Assistant Secretary for Health

              office of the assistant secretary for health

    The Committee rescinds $1,400,000 of the $2,760,000 
appropriated for health care data analysis activities in 1995, 
thereby terminating all remaining funding for this program. 
Appropriated funds support staff and in-house data activities 
directly related to development of the Administration health 
care initiative which is no longer under Congressional 
consideration. As such, the funding for these activities is no 
longer required. The Committee will consider additional 
requests for general data analysis related to health care 
issues in the FY 1996 bill.

               Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

                    health care policy and research

    The bill includes a rescission of $3,132,000 in Federal 
funds appropriated for the Agency for Health Care Policy and 
Research, which received an appropriation of $138,541,000 in 
fiscal year 1995. The agency also received a transfer of 
$5,796,000 in Medicare trust funds and $18,300,000 in funds 
derived from the one percent evaluation tap on other Public 
Health Service agencies, for a total 1995 resource level of 
$162,637,000. The rescission would reduce Federal funds to the 
1994 level; there would continue to be a small increase over 
1994 levels in total resources. Since the agency's creation in 
fiscal year 1991, its funding has risen from $115 million to 
$163 million, a 42 percent increase.

                  Health Care Financing Administration

                           program management

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $38,200,000 for 
five activities funded under this account. The funding 
originally made available for the account in fiscal year 1995 
was $2,199,727,000. The President requested rescissions 
totaling $20,000,000. The recommended reductions are as 
follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              1995           Proposed   
                Program                  appropriation      rescission  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research..............................      $56,146,000      $11,000,000
Insurance counseling..................       10,036,000        5,500,000
New rural health grants...............        1,737,000        1,700,000
Rural hospital transition grants......       17,584,000       17,000,000
Essential access community hospitals..        3,500,000        3,000,000
                                       ---------------------------------
      Total rescissions...............  ...............      $38,200,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee proposes rescissions of $11,000,000 for 
research and $5,500,000 for insurance counseling, which would 
reduce the programs' funding levels to the amounts originally 
requested by the President in fiscal year 1995. The research 
budget received a 30 percent funding increase in 1995, largely 
targeted for particular Congressionally-initiated research 
projects identified in report language. The insurance 
counseling program has provided grants to all States; in the 
last three years, $30,000,000 has been distributed. As Federal 
funding phases down, States can support these activities if 
they believe they are worthwhile. The reduced funding level for 
insurance counseling is also the same as the President's 1996 
budget request.
    The bill includes a rescission of $1,700,000 for new rural 
health grants, which would terminate the program. The program 
is a very small grant activity begun in 1994 which awards 
grants to six States to encourage innovation in health care 
delivery and financing. These activities also receive support 
from other parts of the Health Care Financing Administration, 
as well as from the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.
    The Committee proposes rescissions of $17,000,000 for rural 
hospital transition grants and $3,000,000 for essential access 
community hospitals, which would terminate all remaining 
funding for the two programs. The President proposed 
rescissions of the same amount in the 1996 budget. The 
President originally proposed a phasedown of the rural hospital 
transition grants in the 1995 budget, which was included in the 
House-passed bill. The Administration believes that the program 
has had only limited impact. The essential access community 
hospital program by law can provide grants to only seven States 
and to only a limited number of hospitals in each State. As a 
result, in previous years, funding has lapsed in the program. 
The Administration contends that because rural hospitals have 
received substantial increases in Medicare reimbursement rates 
the need for both these programs has lessened.
                Administration for Children and Families

                   low income home energy assistance

    The Committee rescinds the $1,319,204,000 advance 
appropriation that was provided for the Low Income Home Energy 
Assistance program in the FY 1995 appropriations act for the 
period October 1, 1995 through September 30, 1996, thereby 
terminating all 1996 advance funding for the program. The 
Committee recommends no action regarding FY 1995 funding 
provided in the FY 1994 appropriations act. The Committee notes 
that this program was initiated to temporarily supplement 
existing cash assistance programs to help low income 
individuals pay for escalating home fuel costs resulting from 
the second energy crisis and was not intended to meet the 
entire home energy costs of assisted individuals. Since the 
program's creation, real energy prices for all three sources 
have declined to pre-1980 levels. The price of electricity, the 
most costly source of home energy, has decreased to pre-1974 
levels according to Administration figures. In addition, the 
Administration informed the Committee in 1994 that low income 
families now spend one-third less of their income on home 
energy than they did when the LIHEAP program was initiated. The 
Committee believes that the program has evolved from a 
temporary energy crisis assistance program into a broad income 
supplement. The Committee anticipates that the committees of 
jurisdiction will reexamine the structure and purpose of this 
program in the near future.

                     community services block grant

    The Committee recommends a rescission in this account of 
$26,988,000. The original FY 1995 appropriation was 
$472,920,000. The Committee bill would eliminate four small 
categorical programs: demonstration partnerships ($7,977,000), 
farmworker assistance ($3,084,000), rural housing ($2,927,000) 
and homeless assistance ($13,000,000). The basic State block 
grant program is not reduced; its funding level remains at 
$391,500,000. The Committee is attempting to eliminate and 
consolidate small special-purpose programs. Often, these 
activities can be financed under a larger umbrella program. For 
example, homeless activities can be financed by local community 
action agencies under the basic block grant program. The 
Committee notes that the President has proposed to eliminate 
three of these programs in his FY 1996 budget; the only 
exception is the homeless program.

                children and families services programs

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $25,900,000 in 
this account to eliminate funding for a program authorized 
under last year's Crime Bill, the Community Schools Youth 
Services and Supervision Grant Program Act of 1994. These funds 
are not scheduled to be obligated until late in the fiscal 
year. There are many small grant programs such as this 
authorized by the Crime Bill. Many seem to have worthy 
objectives on their face; however, the Committee is concerned 
that many of them overlap and duplicate already existing 
programs, either at the Federal or State levels. In the current 
fiscal climate, the taxpayers simply cannot afford to pay for 
duplication and overlap.

       payments to states for foster care and adoption assistance

    The Committee has included bill language limiting awards to 
each State for Foster Care and Adoption Assistance 
administrative and training costs for FY 1995 to 110% of the 
amounts awarded to States for such expenditures in FY 1994. 
This action is consistent with the Committee's continued 
concern over escalating administrative costs. Administrative 
costs increased by 27% between 1991 and 1994. This action will 
not reduce maintenance payments.

                        Administration on Aging

                        Aging Services Programs

    The bill includes a rescission of $899,000 for this 
account. The total FY 1995 appropriation for the account was 
$877,223,000. The Committee recommends rescinding the increase 
provided in the FY 1995 appropriations act for aging research, 
training, and special projects. After the rescission, 
$25,735,000 would remain for this activity. The Committee feels 
that this is a somewhat lower-priority activity that should be 
able to absorb this small reduction without any adverse 
consequences to older Americans.
                        DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

                            EDUCATION REFORM

Goals 2000: Educate America Act: State and local grants

    The Committee rescinds $142,000,000 for the State and local 
systemic reform grant program authorized by title III of the 
Goals 2000: Educate America Act. This leaves $229,870,000 for 
the program this year; $92,400,000 was provided in 1994. This 
program supports State and local efforts to engage in systemic 
education reform. The Committee believes that this program 
should not be expanded as rapidly in a time of fiscal 
constraint. The program will still more than double between 
Fiscal Year 1994 and Fiscal Year 1995.

Goals 2000: Educate America Act: national programs

    The Committee rescinds $21,530,000 for the national 
programs authorized by titles II and III of the Goals 2000: 
Educate America Act. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$4,600,000 was provided in 1994. This program supports 
assessments, development of standards, including ``opportunity-
to-learn'' standards, research, development, and technical 
assistance. The Committee believes these activities should be 
funded through the Department's general authorities including 
educational research, statistics, and assessment, and the Fund 
for the Improvement of Education.

Goals 2000: Educate America Act: parental assistance

    The Committee rescinds $10,000,000 for the parental 
assistance program authorized by title IV of the Goals 2000: 
Educate America Act. This eliminates funding for this program, 
which was not funded in 1994 nor requested by the President in 
the 1995 budget, and was not included in the House bill. This 
program supports resource centers to provide parents with 
training, information, and support for better understanding of 
their children's educational needs and how to help them achieve 
high standards. At a time of fiscal constraint, these non-
direct education activities must be lower priorities. They are 
activities that are best supported at the local level or by 
other, broader authorities in the Department of Education.

School-to-work opportunities: State grants and local partnerships

    The Committee rescinds $3,125,000 for titles II and III of 
the School-to-Work Opportunities Act. This leaves $112,500,000 
for the program this year; $45,000,000 was provided in 1994. A 
similar amount is provided to the Department of Labor, which 
jointly administers the program with the Department of 
Education. Funds support development grants to States to plan 
and implement State and local school-to-work systems to ease 
the transition from school to work. The Committee's action 
allows for a substantial expansion in the program in FY 1995.

School-to-work opportunities: national programs

    The Committee rescinds $9,375,000 for national programs 
authorized by titles II, III and IV of the School-to-Work 
Opportunities Act. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$5,000,000 was provided in 1994. The Committee believes these 
activities should be conducted under the Department's broader 
authorities for educational research, statistics, and 
assessment, and should not be separately funded.

                    education for the disadvantaged

Grants to local educational agencies

    The Committee rescinds $105,000,000 for grants to local 
educational agencies under title I of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). This leaves 
$6,593,356,000 for the program this year. These grants support 
supplementary education and related services designed to 
increase the attainment of educationally disadvantaged 
children. The national assessment of the title I program found 
that some participants did not achieve meaningful improvement 
for their relative standing in fourth grade math and reading 
programs, nor in eighth grade math programs, and did not 
improve on standardized tests more than nonparticipants from 
similar backgrounds. The rescission eliminates one-third of the 
1995 increase otherwise available.

Evaluation

    The Committee rescinds $8,270,000 for evaluation activities 
related to programs authorized by title I of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965. This eliminates funding for 
this program; $7,987,000 was provided in 1994. The Committee 
believes these activities should be conducted under the 
Department's broader authority for educational research, 
statistics, and assessment, or under the Fund for the 
Improvement of Education, and should not be funded separately.

                               impact aid

Impact aid: payments for Federal property (section 8002)

    The Committee rescinds $16,293,000 for the impact aid 
program of payments for Federal property authorized under 
section 8002 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965. This eliminates funding for this program; $16,293,000 was 
provided in 1994. These payments are made to local educational 
agencies without regard to the presence of Federally connected 
children. The Committee believes that payments related to such 
children demand a higher priority. The President's budget 
requests no funds for 1996; the Committee would terminate the 
program in 1995.
                      school improvement programs

Eisenhower professional development State grants

    The Committee rescinds $60,000,000 for the Eisenhower 
professional development State grants program authorized under 
title II of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. 
This leaves $260,298,000 for the program this year; 
$250,998,000 was provided in 1994. These funds support State 
grants for the professional development activities to address 
teacher training needs in all of the core academic subject 
areas. The Committee believes that this program should not be 
expanded any faster in a time of fiscal constraint.

Safe and drug-free schools and communities

    The Committee rescinds $481,962,000 for the safe and drug-
free schools and communities programs authorized under title IV 
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This 
eliminates funding for these programs; $471,567,000 was 
provided in 1994. The program funds activities related to safe 
schools and alcohol and drug abuse education programs at the 
national, State, and local levels. The Committee believes that 
State and local activities should be carried out under other 
authorities, such as the substance abuse block grant ($1.2 
billion), the preventive health block grant ($158 million), 
programs under the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention ($239 
million), and the revised crime bill. In addition, national 
activities should be conducted under the Department's broader 
authority for educational research, statistics, and assessment.

Education infrastructure

    The Committee rescinds $100,000,000 for the education 
infrastructure program authorized under title XII of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This eliminates 
funding for the program; no funds were provided in 1994. This 
program is newly authorized and has not been funded before. The 
program supports grants for school facilities at the elementary 
and secondary levels. The Committee action supports the 
President's rescission request for this program; the House 
provided no funding in its bill.

Inexpensive book distribution (Reading Is Fundamental)

    For the inexpensive book distribution program authorized 
under title X, part E, of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 and which is operated under contract by 
Reading Is Fundamental, Inc. (RIF), the Committee rescinds 
$5,300,000. This leaves $5,000,000 for this program; 
$10,300,000 was provided in 1994. The Committee believes that 
this program is both worthy and highly visible, but thinks that 
it could easily be funded through private foundations or other 
non-Federal sources.

Arts in education

    For the arts in education program authorized under title X, 
part D, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, 
the Committee rescinds $6,000,000. This leaves $6,000,000 for 
this program; $8,944,000 was provided in 1994. The Committee 
believes that these model and demonstration programs should be 
funded under more general authorities for such activities that 
are available to the Department and elsewhere.

Instruction in civics, government, and the law (law related education)

    For the program of instruction in civics, government, and 
the law authorized under title X, section 10602 of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (formerly the 
law-related education program), the Committee rescinds 
$5,899,000. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$5,952,000 was provided in 1994. While the objective of making 
students aware of the components of American Government is 
commendable, a number of grantees have repeatedly received 
awards. These established programs should be able to be 
continued without additional Federal assistance. The Committee 
action supports the President's 1995 rescission request for 
this program.
Education for homeless children and youth

    For the education of homeless children and youth program, 
authorized by section 722 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless 
Assistance Act, the Committee rescinds $28,811,000. This 
eliminates funding for this program; $25,470,000 was provided 
in 1994. These funds support a variety of State and local 
planning, coordination and training programs as well as 
services for homeless children and youth. The Committee 
believes these activities constitute advocacy within State 
planning and budgeting processes, which is not a Federal 
responsibility, and direct services can be provided under 
programs such as title I and Head Start.

Dropout prevention demonstrations

    The Committee rescinds $28,000,000 for the dropout 
prevention demonstrations program authorized under title V, 
part C, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. 
This would eliminate funding for this program; $37,730,000 was 
provided in 1994. This program provides discretionary grants to 
demonstrate successful techniques to reduce the number of 
children who do not complete their elementary and secondary 
education. The Committee believes the objectives of this 
program have been achieved and supports the President's 1995 
rescission request for this program; the House provided no 
funding in its 1995 bill.

Ellender fellowships

    The Committee rescinds $4,185,000 for the Allen J. Ellender 
fellowship program authorized by title X, part G, of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This would 
eliminate funding for this program; $4,223,000 was provided in 
1994. This program supports the Close-Up Foundation of 
Washington, D.C., to carry out its program to increase the 
understanding of the Federal Government by providing 
fellowships to disadvantaged secondary school students, and 
their teachers, economically disadvantaged older Americans, and 
recent immigrants. The Administration has indicated that there 
is no continuing Federal role for this program, having found 
several organizations performing the same activities without 
Federal assistance. The Committee supports the President's 1995 
rescission request for this program.

Education for Native Hawaiians

    The Committee rescinds $12,000,000 for the education of 
Native Hawaiians authorized by title IX, part B, of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This eliminates 
funding for this program; $8,224,000 was provided in 1994. A 
number of programs limited to Native Hawaiians are supported 
with these funds, including a model curriculum project, family-
based education centers, postsecondary education fellowships, 
gifted and talented education projects, and special education 
projects for disabled pupils. To the extent that Native 
Hawaiians meet the eligibility criteria that are applied to all 
citizens, they are already eligible to participate in the 
Department's regular programs; in addition, Native Hawaiians 
are counted in the allocation formulas for such programs. The 
President proposed no funds for this program in 1995 and 1996; 
the Committee's action would eliminate the program in 1995.

Training in early childhood education and violence counseling

    The Committee rescinds $13,875,000 for training in early 
childhood education and violence counseling authorized under 
section 596 of the Higher Education Act. This eliminates 
funding for this program; $14,000,000 was provided in 1994. 
This program supports the training of individuals for careers 
in early childhood development and for careers in counseling 
young children affected by violence and the adults who work 
with them. The Committee does not believe that Federal funds 
should support a program with such a narrow focus, and suggests 
that States could fund these activities under the revised crime 
bill if they should choose to do so. The Administration 
proposes to make 1996 the final year for funding this program; 
the Committee would terminate it now.
Family and community endeavor schools

    The Committee rescinds $11,100,000 for the family and 
community endeavor schools authorized under section 30402 of 
the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 and 
funded from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established 
by title XXXI of that Act. This eliminates funding for this 
program; no funds were provided in 1994. This program supports 
programs in high-poverty and high-crime areas to improve the 
academic and social development of at-risk students.

                   bilingual and immigrant education

Bilingual education; transitional services

    The Committee rescinds $38,500,000 for bilingual education 
programs authorized under title VII of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965. This action terminates four 
small programs funded at $50,000,000 in 1995: mathematics and 
science training, peer-to-peer student learning of language, 
family English literacy, and the special population program. 
The remaining $11,500,000 from these programs are to be used 
for transitional services under section 7021 of the Act as in 
effect prior to Oct. 20, 1994. The Committee's action supports 
teaching English as a second language, but eliminates 
multicultural components and programs that teach in a native 
language first. Teacher training and other staff development 
can be accomplished under other, more general authorities.

           Special Institutions for Persons With Disabilities

National Technical Institute for the Deaf

    The Committee rescinds $799,000 for the National Technical 
Institute for the Deaf. This leaves $42,492,000 for the program 
in 1995; $41,836,000 was provided in 1994. The Committee action 
eliminates approximately half of the increase initially 
provided for 1995.

Gallaudet University

    The Committee rescinds $1,298,000 for Gallaudet University. 
This leaves $78,732,000 in funds provided for 1995; $78,435,000 
was provided in 1994. The Committee action eliminates 
approximately half of the increase initially provided for 1995.
                     vocational and adult education

Community-based organizations

    The Committee rescinds $9,479,000 for community-based 
organizations authorized by the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and 
Applied Technology Education Act. This eliminates funding for 
this program; $11,785,000 was provided in 1994. This program 
supports collaboration among community-based organizations, 
public agencies, and businesses to improve vocational education 
services to disadvantaged youth. Both the President and the 
Committee believe that this program duplicates activities under 
basic State grants. The Committee supports the President's 1995 
rescission request for this program.

Consumer and homemaking education

    The Committee rescinds $34,409,000 for consumer and 
homemaking education authorized under the Carl D. Perkins 
Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act. This 
eliminates funding for this program; $34,720,000 was provided 
in 1994. This program provides formula grants to the States for 
instruction in the areas of food and nutrition, consumer 
education, family living and parenthood education, child 
development and guidance, housing, home management, and 
clothing and textiles. Both the President and the Committee 
believe that this program duplicates activities under basic 
State grants. The Committee supports the President's 1995 
rescission request for this program.

Tech-prep education

    The Committee rescinds $108,000,000 for the tech-prep 
education program authorized under the Carl D. Perkins 
Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act. This 
eliminates funding for this program; $104,123,000 was provided 
in 1994 to support planning and demonstration grants. The 
Committee believes that this program duplicates other programs 
including the school-to-work program, and thinks that technical 
colleges, the primary beneficiary under this program, should 
support tech-prep program outreach and coordination from their 
own funds. In addition, the President has proposed 
consolidating this program into a block grant.

National programs for vocational education

    The Committee rescinds $34,535,000 for national programs 
authorized under the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied 
Technology Education Act. This eliminates funding for these 
programs; $38,077,000 was provided in 1994. This authority 
supports research, demonstration programs, the National 
Occupational Information Coordinating Committee, and a data 
system for vocational education. These national activities 
should be conducted under the Department's broader authorities 
for educational research, statistics, and assessment.

National Institute for Literacy

    The Committee rescinds $4,869,000 for the National 
Institute for Literacy authorized under section 384(c) of the 
Adult Education Act. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$4,909,000 was provided in 1994. The Institute supports 
research and development projects, tracks progress made toward 
national literacy goals, supports research fellowships, 
disseminates information through a national clearinghouse, and 
coordinates literacy information data from national and State 
sources. The Committee believes that these national activities 
should be conducted under the Department's broader authority 
for educational research, statistics, and assessment, and the 
Fund for Improvement of Education. In addition, the President 
has proposed consolidating this program into a block grant in 
1996; the Committee would terminate it in 1995.

State literacy resource centers

    The Committee rescinds $7,787,000 for State literacy 
resource centers authorized under the Adult Education Act. This 
eliminates funding for this program; $7,857,000 was provided in 
1994. This program allocates funds to States or groups of 
States to establish a network of State resource centers to 
stimulate the coordination of services and enhance the capacity 
of State and local organizations to provide services. The 
program provides little, if any, direct literacy training. The 
Committee believes that these national activities should be 
conducted under the Department's broader authority for 
educational research, statistics, and assessment, and the Fund 
for Improvement of Education, as well as professional 
development programs. In addition, the President has proposed 
consolidating this program into a block grant in 1996; the 
Committee would terminate it in 1995.

Workplace literacy partnerships

    The Committee rescinds $18,736,000 for workplace literacy 
partnerships authorized under the Adult Education Act. This 
eliminates funding for this program; $18,906,000 was provided 
in 1994. This program provides discretionary demonstration 
grants for workplace-related literacy training and supportive 
services. The Committee believes that these national activities 
should be conducted under the Department's broader authority 
for educational research, statistics, and assessment, and the 
Fund for Improvement of Education. In addition, the President 
has proposed consolidating this program into a block grant in 
1996; the Committee would terminate it in 1995.

Literacy training for homeless adults

    The Committee rescinds $9,498,000 for literacy training for 
homeless adults authorized under section 702 of the Stewart B. 
McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. This eliminates funding for 
this program; $9,584,000 was provided in 1994. This program 
authorizes State grants for programs of literacy training and 
basic skills remediation for homeless persons. The Committee 
believes these activities can be funded under basic State 
grants of both the Perkins Act and the Adult Education Act. The 
provision of multiple funding streams inhibits the setting of 
priorities and makes coordination among similar programs 
difficult. In addition, the President has proposed 
consolidating this program into a block grant in 1996; the 
Committee would terminate it in 1995.
Literacy programs for prisoners

    The Committee rescinds $5,100,000 for literacy programs for 
prisoners authorized under title VI of the National Literacy 
Act. This eliminates funding for this program; $5,100,000 was 
provided in 1994. This program assists persons incarcerated in 
prison, jail, or detention centers through functional literacy 
and life skills training programs. The Committee believes this 
program can be funded under basic State grants of both the 
Perkins Act and the Adult Education Act, as well as through 
State grants under the revised crime bill. The provision of 
multiple funding streams inhibits the setting of priorities and 
makes coordination among similar programs difficult. In 
addition, the President has proposed consolidating this program 
into a block grant in 1996; the Committee would terminate it in 
1995.

                      student financial assistance

State student incentive grants

    The Committee rescinds $63,375,000 for the State Student 
Incentive Grants program authorized under title IV, part A, 
subpart 4, of the Higher Education Act, thereby terminating the 
program. The 1995 budget request proposed to terminate this 
program based on the recommendations of the National 
Performance Review which indicated that the program had 
accomplished its purpose. The 1996 budget proposes to phase out 
SSIGs over two years. The SSIG program was established in 1972 
to encourage and expand State scholarship assistance to 
postsecondary students with substantial financial need. At that 
time, only 26 states provided such need-based grants. Today, 
all 50 States and the District of Columbia provide such 
assistance. In addition, 46 states over-match the SSIG 
requirement, 42 states award need-based aid in addition to 
SSIG, and 33 states award non-need-based aid. SSIG now accounts 
for only 2.5% of grants awarded by states.

State postsecondary review entities (SPRE)

    The Committee rescinds $20,000,000 for State Postsecondary 
Review Entities (SPREs) authorized under title IV, part H, 
subpart 1, of the Higher Education Act, thereby terminating the 
program. This program reimburses States for activities that 
supplement existing institutional licensing and review 
functions conducted by States as part of the process of 
establishing the eligibility of postsecondary institutions to 
participate in federal student aid programs. The Committee 
believes that the program is not well focused on the 
institutional sectors most in need of oversight and threatens 
to involve top-tier 4-year institutions in burdensome and 
unnecessary review activities prescribed by the 15 statutory 
review standards. Department projections regarding the 
anticipated number of schools subject to review have fluctuated 
widely. Certain of these estimates have suggested that as many 
as one-quarter to one-half of all postsecondary institutions 
might be ``triggered'' into the burdensome SPRE review process. 
Appropriations are available for a 2-year period; the 
Department anticipates obligating only $6 million of the 1995 
funds by the end of the fiscal year. Termination of this 
program does not affect Departmental review and certification 
activities or independent accreditation requirements.

                            higher education

Native Hawaiian and Alaska Native culture and arts development

    The Committee rescinds $1,000,000 for the Native Hawaiian 
and Alaska Native culture and arts study and instruction 
development program authorized under title XV, part B, of P.L. 
99-498, thereby terminating the program. The budget request 
recommends terminating this new program in 1996. The program 
provides for the study and instruction in Native Hawaiian or 
Alaska Native art and culture, functions which the Committee 
believes are the responsibility of the respective States and 
which should not be extended to the federal government during 
times of fiscal constraint. In addition, organizations may 
already receive funds for the purposes of this program under 
the National Endowment for the Arts or the National Endowment 
for Humanities.

Eisenhower leadership program

    The Committee rescinds $4,000,000 for the Eisenhower 
leadership program authorized by title X, part D, of the Higher 
Education Act, thereby terminating the program consistent with 
the budget request. The National Performance Review indicated 
that this program is poorly focused, does not perform a federal 
responsibility, and duplicates activities already included in 
many postsecondary curricula. The program provides funding to 
schools to stimulate development of leadership skills among 
college students and to recruit and educate outstanding 
students for leadership roles in a variety of fields.
Law school clinical experience

    The Committee rescinds $14,920,000 for the Law School 
Clinical Experience program authorized under title IX, part G 
of the Higher Education Act, thereby terminating the program 
consistent with the budget request and the National Performance 
Review which indicated that this program is not a federal 
responsibility and has largely served its purpose. The 
Committee notes that the American Bar Association, the law 
school accrediting agency, recommends clinical experience 
programs for accreditation. This program authorizes grants to 
accredited law schools to support programs that provide 
clinical experience to law students, either through actual 
legal work or simulations.

Urban community service

    The Committee rescinds $13,000,000 for the Urban Community 
Service program authorized under title XI, part A, of the 
Higher Education Act, thereby terminating the program. The 
budget recommends termination of the program in 1996. This 
program provides grants to urban universities and consortia for 
such institutions to encourage community involvement in social 
and economic problems of local urban areas including work force 
preparation, poverty, health care, problems of the elderly and 
families and children, environment, economic development and 
crime. The Committee believes these activities are not proper 
functions of the Department of Education and should be more 
appropriately addressed through other, more focused, federal, 
state, local and private programs.

Student financial database and information line

    The Committee rescinds $496,000 for the student financial 
aid database authorized under title IV, part A, chapter 5, of 
the Higher Education Act, thereby terminating the second year 
of the design and requirements analysis contract initiated in 
1994. The budget proposes to terminate the program in 1996 
following completion of the design contract. This program 
authorizes a contract to establish and maintain a computerized 
database of all public and private financial assistance 
programs to be accessible to schools and libraries through 
modems or toll-free telephone lines. The Committee notes that 
private sector publishers already provide a great deal of 
information on colleges and financial assistance, and this 
activity represents a relatively low priority during a period 
of budgetary constraint.

Federal TRIO programs

    The Committee rescinds $11,200,000 for the Federal TRIO 
programs authorized under title IV, part A, subpart 2, chapter 
1, of the Higher Education Act, thereby retaining three-fourths 
of the increase in funding provided in 1995. These funds 
support six different programs--Talent Search, Upward Bound, 
Student Support Services, Ronald E. McNair post-baccalaureate 
achievement, Educational Opportunity Centers, and staff 
development activities. The Congress has provided funding to 
evaluate these programs, and the initial interim report 
suggests the Student Services program duplicates other services 
available to the same student population, does not provide 
discernibly different outcomes for participating students, and 
does not require programs to set adequate achievement goals. 
The Committee notes the considerable increase of funds for TRIO 
programs in previous years.
National early intervention scholarships and partnerships

    The Committee rescinds $3,108,000 for early intervention 
scholarships and partnerships authorized by title IV, part A, 
subpart 2, chapter 2, of the Higher Education Act, thereby 
terminating the program consistent with the budget request. 
This program supports State efforts to provide scholarships to 
low-income students who attain a high school diploma or the 
equivalent and additional counseling, mentoring, academic 
support, outreach, support services to at-risk precollege 
students, and information regarding college financing options 
to students and their parents. The budget request indicates 
that this program duplicates services available under the TRIO 
programs.
Byrd honors scholarships

    The Committee rescinds $9,823,000 for the Robert C. Byrd 
honors scholarship program authorized under title IV, part A, 
subpart 6, of the Higher Education Act, thereby eliminating the 
1995 increase. Congress provided $19,294,000 for the program in 
1994. This program provides non-need-based scholarships of 
$1,500 annually for up to 4 years of study at institutions of 
higher education. The Committee notes that the Department of 
Education will make available $36 billion in student financial 
assistance this year. The Committee believes that need-based 
financial aid is a relatively higher priority and that non-
need-based assistance is the proper responsibility of States 
and private organizations during periods of fiscal constraint. 
The Committee's action will not affect the over 19,000 
continuing Byrd scholarships.

National science scholars

    The Committee rescinds $4,424,000 for National Science 
Scholars authorized under title VI, part A, of the Excellence 
in Mathematics, Science, and Engineering Education Act of 1990 
thereby terminating the program. The budget requests no funding 
for the program in 1996 consistent with the reinventing 
Government proposals. Under this program, graduating public or 
private high school seniors who have demonstrated academic 
achievement in the physical, life, or computer sciences, 
mathematics, or engineering receive scholarship assistance to 
meet their higher education expenses. The Committee notes that 
the federal government provides $36 billion in annual student 
financial assistance which is available to students wishing to 
pursue science related education. This small categorical 
program is a relatively low priority, is costly to administer, 
and the authorization was repealed in P.L. 103-382, the 
Improving America's Schools Act.

National Academy of Science, Space, and Technology

    The Committee rescinds $2,000,000 for the National Academy 
of Science, Space, and Technology, previously authorized under 
title VI, part C, of the Excellence in Mathematics, Science, 
and Engineering Education Act of 1990, but repealed by the 
Improving America's Schools Act of 1994. This action terminates 
funding for this new program consistent with the budget 
proposal and the recommendations of the National Performance 
Review. The federal government provides $36 billion in annual 
student assistance which is available to individuals pursuing 
science-related education. This small categorical program is 
particularly difficult and costly to administer, and the 
Committee does not believe it is a relatively high enough 
priority to merit continued funding.

Douglas teacher scholarships

    The Committee rescinds $14,300,000 for the Paul Douglas 
teacher scholarships program authorized under title V, part C, 
subpart 1, of the Higher Education Act, thereby terminating all 
remaining 1995 funding for this program. The budget requests 
termination of the program in 1996 consistent with the 
reinventing Government report which determined that Douglas 
scholarships duplicate the purposes of the Eisenhower 
Professional Development program. The federal government will 
provide $36 billion in student financial assistance in 1995 
which is available to individuals pursuing teaching careers. 
The program provides scholarships to outstanding high school 
graduates who demonstrate an interest in teaching at the 
preschool, elementary, or secondary levels.

Olympic scholarships

    The Committee rescinds $1,000,000 for the new program of 
Olympic scholarships authorized under title XV, part E, of P.L. 
102-325, thereby terminating the program consistent with the 
budget request. This program provides funding to prospective 
Olympians attending one of four schools. Federal student 
financial assistance in the amount of $36 billion is available 
to students in 1995, including those pursuing Olympic 
competition.
Teacher corps

    The Committee rescinds $1,875,000 for the Teacher Corps 
program authorized by title V, part C, subpart 3, of the Higher 
Education Act, thereby terminating the program consistent with 
the budget request. This program provides grants to States to 
award 3-year scholarships to students to meet the costs of 
teacher preparation programs. The Committee notes that the 
program duplicates the Douglas scholarships and the Eisenhower 
Professional Development program. In addition, it is 
administratively complex, the application process is burdensome 
to States, and the repayment provisions require constant 
monitoring that consume substantial departmental resources. The 
federal government provides $36 billion in 1995 student 
financial assistance which is available to students pursuing 
teacher training.

Faculty development fellowships

    The Committee rescinds $3,500,000 for faculty development 
fellowships authorized under title IX, part E, of the Higher 
Education Act, thereby terminating all remaining 1995 funding 
for this program. This program provides approximately 450 
fellowships to minority undergraduate students seeking faculty 
positions and minority faculty seeking doctorates. The federal 
government provides $36 billion in student financial assistance 
which is available to minority individuals seeking 
undergraduate, graduate and doctoral degrees and which is 
sufficient to accomplish the purposes of this program.

Harris fellowships

    The Committee rescinds $10,100,000 for the Harris Graduate 
Fellowship program authorized under title IX, part B, of the 
Higher Education Act, thereby terminating all remaining funding 
for the program. The budget proposes termination of the program 
in 1996 consistent with the reinventing Government proposals 
which found that it duplicated the Graduate Assistance in Areas 
of National Need (GAANN) program. This program authorizes 
fellowships to assist women and minorities who are 
underrepresented in graduate and professional programs to 
undertake graduate and professional study, with half of the 
annual appropriation supporting awards for master's and 
professional students and half for awards for doctoral study. 
The federal government provides $36 billion in student 
financial assistance in 1995, of which $8.8 billion will 
support graduate- and doctoral-level students.

Javits fellowships

    The Committee rescinds $7,500,000 for Jacob K. Javits 
fellowships authorized under title IX, part C, of the Higher 
Education Act, thereby terminating all remaining funding for 
this program. The budget proposes to terminate the program in 
1996 consistent with the reinventing Government proposals. The 
program provides fellowships to students for graduate study in 
the arts, humanities, and social sciences. The federal 
government has provided $36 billion in student financial 
assistance in 1995 which is available to students seeking 
graduate study in the arts, humanities and the social sciences 
and of which $8.8 billion is available for graduate-level 
study.

                           Howard University

Academic program

    The Committee rescinds $1,800,000 for the academic program 
at Howard University, thereby terminating half of the 
appropriated increase for 1995 consistent with the bill-wide 
policy regarding federally-supported institutions. Under a 
Federal charter, Howard University provides undergraduate 
liberal arts, professional instruction and graduate 
professional programs.

Construction

    The Committee rescinds $2,500,000 for construction at 
Howard University, thereby terminating the remaining 1995 
funding for the program. The initial 1995 appropriation was 
$5,000,000; no funds were provided in 1994. The budget requests 
no funds for construction in 1996. The Committee believes that 
the responsibility for capital activity to maintain and expand 
physical plant at all institutions is the responsibility of the 
institutions themselves, including Howard University.
         college housing and academic facilities loans programs

    The Committee rescinds $490,000 for the college housing and 
academic facilities loan program authorized under title VII, 
part C, of the Higher Education Act and section 505(c) of the 
Federal Credit Reform Act. This program supports a loan program 
for postsecondary education facilities.

            education research, statistics, and improvement

International education exchange

    The Committee rescinds $3,000,000 for the international 
education exchange program authorized under title VI of Goals 
2000: Educate America Act. This eliminates funding for this 
program; no funds were provided in 1994. This program supports 
the development of curricula and training programs for 
educators in eligible countries. The Committee believes that 
this program duplicates existing programs at the Agency for 
International Development and elsewhere, making Federal support 
for this program inappropriate.

Telecommunications demonstration project for mathematics

    The Committee rescinds $2,250,000 for the 
telecommunications demonstration project for mathematics 
authorized under title III, part D, of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965. This eliminates funding for 
this program; no funds were provided in 1994. This is a 
national demonstration project to train teachers to prepare 
students to achieve State content standards in mathematics. The 
President requested no funds for this program in 1995, and no 
funds were provided by the House; the Committee action 
eliminates funding for this program.

Javits gifted and talented students education

    The Committee rescinds $4,600,000 for the Jacob K. Javits 
Gifted and Talented Students Education Act authorized under 
title X, part B, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
of 1965. This eliminates the remaining 1995 funding for this 
program. The initial 1995 appropriation was $9,521,000; 
$9,607,000 was provided in 1994. This program assists State and 
local education agencies, higher education institutions, and 
other agencies for research, demonstration, training, and other 
activities to identify and meet the educational needs of gifted 
and talented students. The Committee believes that these 
activities should be conducted under the Department's broader 
authorities for educational research, statistics and 
assessment, the Fund for Improvement of Education and others. 
The Committee would eliminate this program in 1995.

Star schools; Fund for the Improvement of Education

    The Committee rescinds $10,000,000 for the star schools 
program authorized under title III, part B, of the Elementary 
and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This leaves $20,000,000 
available in 1995 funds, which the Committee transfers to the 
Fund for the Improvement of Education (FIE) authorized under 
title X, part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
of 1965. This action eliminates 1995 funding for the star 
schools program; $25,944,000 was provided in 1995. The transfer 
of funds to FIE increases the 1995 funding level from 
$36,750,000 to $56,750,000; $33,379,000 was provided in 1994 
for the FIE. The star schools program supports the development 
of statewide or multi-State telecommunications partnerships for 
activities such as increasing the availability of courses in 
mathematics, science, and foreign languages, serving 
educationally disadvantaged students, and training teachers in 
the use of telecommunications equipment. The Committee believes 
that these activities should be conducted under the 
Department's broader authority for educational research, 
statistics, and assessment, and FIE. The Committee would 
eliminate the star schools program in 1995.

National diffusion network

    The Committee rescinds $2,700,000 for the national 
diffusion network program authorized under title XIII, part B, 
of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The 
initial 1995 appropriation was $14,480,000. The Committee 
action eliminates the remaining 1995 funds for this program; 
$14,582,000 was provided in 1994. The purpose of this network 
is to make use of successful investments in research, 
development, and demonstration programs in schools and 
districts outside of the districts where these programs were 
initially developed. The Committee believes that these 
activities should be conducted under the Department's broader 
authorities for educational research, statistics, and 
assessment, and under the Fund for the Improvement of 
Education.

Ready to learn television

    The Committee rescinds $2,700,000 for the ready to learn 
television program authorized under title III, part C, of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The initial 
1995 funding for this program was $7,000,000. The Committee 
action eliminates all remaining 1995 funds for this program; no 
funds were provided in 1994. This program helps to develop and 
distribute educational and instructional video programming for 
preschool and elementary school children and their parents. The 
Committee believes that these activities should be conducted 
under the Department's broader authority for educational 
research, statistics, and assessment, and the Fund for 
Improvement of Education.

Technology for education

    The Committee rescinds $30,000,000 for the technology for 
education programs authorized under title III, part A, of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The initial 
1995 funding for this program was $40,000,000. The Committee 
actions eliminates all remaining 1995 funds for this program; 
no funds were provided in 1994. This program supports the 
demonstration and development of technology applications in 
elementary and secondary schools, professional development in 
educational technology, and technology-related services in 
public libraries and literacy programs. The Committee believes 
that these activities should be conducted under the 
Department's broader authorities for educational research, 
statistics, and assessment, and the Fund for Improvement of 
Education.
                               libraries

Public library construction

    The Committee rescinds $15,300,000 for public library 
construction authorized under title II of the Library Services 
and Construction Act. This eliminates all remaining funds from 
the initial 1995 appropriation of $17,792,000; $17,792,000 was 
provided in 1994 as well. These activities assist public 
library construction programs, especially those that increase 
access to the disabled, increase energy efficiency, or 
accommodate new forms of library technology. Over $250 million 
has been provided for this program over the last 10 years; the 
Committee believes that there is no clear Federal 
responsibility for these activities, and has difficulty 
justifying them in the current fiscal environment. The 
Committee would eliminate this program for the remainder of 
1995.

Library literacy programs

    The Committee rescinds $8,026,000 for library literacy 
programs authorized under title VI of the Library Services and 
Construction Act. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$8,098,000 was provided in 1994. This program promotes literacy 
training in the Nation's public libraries to combat illiteracy 
among adults with funds used primarily for administrative staff 
and library materials. The Committee believes that these 
activities can be supported under the broader authority of 
State grant programs under either the Adult Education Act or 
the Library Services and Construction Act, and supports the 
President's request for a rescission of 1995 funds for this 
program.

Library education and training

    The Committee rescinds $4,916,000 for library education and 
training authorized under title II, part B, of the Higher 
Education Act. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$4,960,000 was provided in 1994. This program provides grants 
to institutions of higher education and library professional 
organizations for training or retraining of librarians. The 
Committee believes that these activities can be supported under 
the broader authority for student aid and other programs, and 
supports the President's request for a rescission of 1995 funds 
for this program.

Research and demonstrations

    The Committee rescinds $6,500,000 for library research and 
demonstrations authorized under title II, part B, of the Higher 
Education Act. This eliminates funding for this program; 
$2,802,000 was provided in 1994. This program supports projects 
to improve libraries and information technologies, and to 
disseminate the results of these projects. The Committee 
believes that these activities should be conducted under the 
Department's broader authority for educational research, 
statistics, and assessment. The President requests no funding 
for 1996; the Committee would eliminate this program in 1995.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                  Corporation for Public Broadcasting

    The Committee rescinds $47,000,000 of the $312,000,000 
appropriated for FY 1996 in the FY 1994 appropriations act; the 
Committee further rescinds $94,000,000 of the $315,000,000 
appropriated for FY 1997 in the FY 1995 appropriations act.
    The Committee notes that these rescissions were among the 
most difficult decisions it faced in its efforts to downsize 
federal programs under its jurisdiction. Nevertheless, in a 
time of extreme fiscal constraint, the Committee believes that 
public broadcasting must contribute to the government-wide 
downsizing initiative. These rescissions represent a reduction 
of 15% of federally appropriated funding for 1996 and 30% of 
such funding for 1997. The Committee wishes to emphasize that 
these reductions represent only 2.5% and 5.0% of total 
estimated public broadcasting revenues for fiscal years 1996 
and 1997, respectively. The Committee believes that while these 
reductions will be difficult, they are reasonable in the 
context of overall budgetary constraints and provide the public 
broadcasting industry ample resources and time to reassess and 
restructure its activities without undue disruption of 
broadcast services.
    The Committee encourages the CPB in allocating reduced 
funding to consider the impact of reduced allocations on rural 
stations, particularly radio and television stations that do 
not have as great a donor base as urban stations and which 
serve areas that have only limited cable alternatives.

                       Railroad Retirement Board

Vested Dual Benefits

    The Committee rescinds $5,000,000 of the $261,000,000 
previously appropriated for the phase-out costs for vested dual 
benefits in the FY 1995 appropriations act. The Committee takes 
this action on the advice of the Board in its communication of 
February 13, 1995, in which it advises Congress that its latest 
estimates project that $256,000,000 will be sufficient to pay 
full vested dual benefits to all eligible annuitants in fiscal 
year 1995.

Limitation on Administration

    The Committee directs the Board to take immediate action to 
reexamine the agency's field office operations and to develop a 
restructuring proposal that reflects new technologies, agency 
downsizing, budget cuts, and reengineering efforts. The new 
structure should reflect modern service delivery techniques 
rather than historical structures.

Limitation on the Office of Inspector General

    In order to facilitate greater management improvements at 
the RRB, the Committee encourages the Inspector General to 
reallocate FY 1995 resources to emphasize internal management 
audits and reviews to improve agency management systems. The 
Inspector General should make appropriate recommendations to 
the Board for program changes.
                           GENERAL PROVISION

                  Federal Direct Student Loan Program

    The Committee bill rescinds $47,000,000 from funds 
available under Section 458 of the Higher Education Act for 
administration of the William D. Ford Direct Loan Program. The 
Committee believes a reduction in available funds as 
recommended will not adversely affect the administration of the 
program and represents one-half of the amount authorized, but 
not expended by the Department, for fiscal year 1994. The 
Committee intends that the Department adjust anticipated 
expenditures by eliminating expenditures for public relations, 
advertising, and payment of administrative fees to institutions 
of higher education.
    The Committee is deeply concerned that expenditures of 
funds for the administration of the Direct Loan Program to date 
have exceeded the expenditures necessary to properly implement 
the program.
                              CHAPTER VII

                           LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

                              JOINT ITEMS

                        Joint Economic Committee

    The Committee bill rescinds $460,000 of the funds provided 
for the Joint Economic Committee for fiscal year 1995. This 
rescission reflects a reduction of approximately 20% in the 
funds currently available and is based upon testimony from the 
Joint Economic Committee.

                      Joint Committee on Printing

    The Committee bill rescinds $418,000 of the funds provided 
for the Joint Committee on Printing for fiscal year 1995 and 
transfers the remaining balances equally to the authorizing 
committees of jurisdiction who have legislative oversight on 
Federal printing matters, the Committee on House Oversight and 
the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration.

                    OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

    The Committee has included a rescission of $650,000 in 
funds made available to the Office of Technology Assessment in 
Public Law 103-283. The rescission results from a hiring 
freeze, an equipment moratorium and building lease savings. The 
Committee believes that OTA should seriously consider locating 
space in existing buildings which are owned by the government 
before making any long term lease renewals.

                        ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL

                     Capitol Buildings and Grounds

                           capitol buildings

    The Committee bill rescinds $2,500,000 from funds made 
available to the Architect of the Capitol for energy efficient 
lighting retrofitting in the Capitol complex. There was 
$1,000,000 made available in Public Law 102-392, and $2,000,000 
made available in Public Law 103-69 for this project. The 
conference report, ``Making Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1994, 
and for Other Purposes'' directed the Architect of the Capitol 
to use the $3,000,000 for converting and maintaining property 
and facilities at Fort Meade for long term storage needs. The 
energy efficient lighting funds were not needed because Public 
Law 103-211 (108 Stat. 40) gave the Architect of the Capitol 
authority to utilize the services of energy services companies 
to underwrite the cost of the retrofit program. Sufficient 
funds remain in this account to construct a 2-3 million book 
capacity remote storage facility.
                       GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

                   Congressional Printing and Binding

    The bill rescinds $3,000,000 of Congressional printing and 
binding funds provided for fiscal year 1995. Congressional 
printing volume has been lower than the levels projected by the 
Government Printing Office for the past two years. This 
rescission is based on the expectation that Congressional 
printing volume for FY 1995 will approximate the average 
printing volume of FY 1993 and FY 1991, the two most recent 
first sessions of Congress. It should be noted that the funds 
remaining for fiscal year 1995 will be over 17% greater than 
actual Congressional printing expenditures in FY 1993, a 
sufficient allowance for increases in wages and paper prices.

                 Office of Superintendent of Documents

    The bill rescinds $600,000 in fiscal year 1995 funds 
provided for the depository library program under the 
Superintendent of Documents. This savings is based on the trend 
in the volume of agency printing and the increased use of 
electronic format.

                             BOTANIC GARDEN

    The Committee bill rescinds $4 million from the funds made 
available to the Botanic Garden in the fiscal year 1995 
Legislative Branch Appropriations Act to begin an extensive 
renovation program at the conservatory. These funds were made 
available by transfer from funds previously made available 
without fiscal year limitation under the heading ``Architect of 
the Capitol''. In addition, in a related supplemental 
appropriations bill, the Committee has returned, by transfer, 
$3 million of the renovation funds to the Capitol Complex 
Security Enhancement project. The renovation project design is 
not complete, but even the preliminary estimate has grown by 
33%. This excessive cost growth, coupled with the possibility 
that the entire Botanic Garden program may undergo significant 
change, raises serious questions of the efficacy of this 
funding.
    The Committee has been informed by the Architect of the 
Capitol that the Botanic Garden is a good candidate for either 
privatization or transfer to a more appropriate agency. The 
Architect has been asked to develop a proposal that will 
preserve the signal accomplishments and programs of the Botanic 
Garden, but under a more suitable arrangement.

                          LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

                         Salaries and Expenses

    The Committee has included a rescission of $150,000 in 
fiscal year 1995 funds made available for salaries and 
expenses, Library of Congress. The Library has reported that a 
new competitive personnel selection process has lengthened the 
time it takes to hire staff and thus has generated salary 
savings in several Library organizations funded from this 
account.

             Books for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

    There is a rescission of $100,000 in fiscal year 1995 funds 
made available for the National Library Service, the books for 
the blind and physically handicapped program. These savings 
result from a reduction in the number of plastic containers 
necessary to meet the currently projected production quantity 
of audio book cassettes.

                       GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE

    The Committee bill rescinds $8,867,000 of the fiscal year 
1995 appropriation for the operations of the General Accounting 
Office. The savings will be taken from salaries, benefits, 
travel and miscellaneous expenses associated with staff 
reductions related to the agency's downsizing program.
                              CHAPTER VIII

           DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND RELATED AGENCIES

                        OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

           Transportation Planning, Research, and Development

    The Committee recommends the rescission of $1,293,000 in 
fiscal year 1995 funds for ``Transportation planning, research 
and development''. This lowers the funding available for policy 
studies and development of departmental accounting systems, and 
reflects the existence of unobligated balances in the account.

                          Working Capital Fund

    The Committee recommends lowering the fiscal year 1995 
limitation for expenses covered by the working capital fund 
from $93,000,000 to $85,000,000, and includes a general 
provision 
(sec. 801) to realize those savings. The Committee received 
testimony that the Department of Transportation is ahead of 
their staff reduction goal for the current fiscal year by 
approximately 1,600 positions; therefore, a reduction in 
administrative support costs budgeted in the working capital 
fund appears justified.

                              COAST GUARD

                           Operating Expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $6,440,000 in 
Coast Guard operating expenses from the fiscal year 1995 
Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act. The rescission includes the following items 
and activities:


                                                                  Amount
Reduce general detail...................................     $-2,000,000
Reduce funding for excessive ship spares................      -1,000,000
Ammunition and small arms...............................        -200,000
Reduce subsidy for Persian Gulf operations..............        -240,000
Reduce funds for military rotations.....................      -3,000,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................      -6,440,000

    General detail.--The Coast Guard's current fiscal year 1995 
budget includes an estimated $178,372,000 for the so-called 
``general detail'', which is an overhead account used for 
training and replacement of military personnel due to 
advancement and military rotation policies. The Coast Guard has 
proposed a reduction in general detail in the fiscal year 1996 
budget, based upon their updated review of current 
requirements. The Committee believes that, given the large size 
of the general detail budget, the Coast Guard downsizing 
effort, and the proposed reduction in fiscal year 1996, a small 
(1.1 percent) reduction in these overhead and administrative 
costs can be accommodated without adverse impact on the 
agency's operational missions. This recommendation brings the 
1995 budget more into line with anticipated fiscal year 1996 
levels.
    Excessive ship spares.--The U.S. General Accounting Office 
has recently documented evidence of waste and poor management 
of the Coast Guard's spare parts inventories for ships and 
vessels. Reflecting this finding, the Committee believes 
efficiencies can be gained through stronger management, and 
recommends a modest rescission of $1,000,000.
    Ammunition and small arms.--The rescission of $200,000 for 
ammunition and small arms reflects more recent budget data for 
fiscal year 1995, which indicates the Coast Guard does not need 
all of the funding originally appropriated for this activity.
    Persian Gulf operational support.--The rescission of 
$240,000 is similar to a recommendation passed by the House 
last year, and reflects deletion of unobligated funding added 
to the operating expense base without sufficient justification. 
It is not clear why Coast Guard personnel are still required in 
the Persian Gulf three years after completion of the Persian 
Gulf War, and why such funding cannot be provided by the 
Department of Defense under reimbursable agreement if the need 
still exists.
    Military rotations.--The rescission of $3,000,000 reduces 
funds for military permanent change of station moves from 
approximately $59,644,000 to $56,644,000. While this may result 
in some personnel remaining in their current positions for 
slightly longer periods of time, the Committee believes such a 
small reduction will not cause undue hardship.
              Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $42,569,000 in 
unobligated balances from ``Acquisition, construction, and 
improvements.'' A breakdown of the rescission by appropriation 
year and project is as follows:

1991:
    WLB service life extension program..................     -$2,700,000
    HH-65 LTS-101 engine replacement....................        -500,000
    Cockpit voice and flight data recorders.............      -2,900,000
    Station Burlington, Vermont.........................        -361,000
    Kodiak, Alaska fire station.........................        -155,000
    Marine safety information system....................      -1,655,000
1992:
    Hurricane Andrew/Iniki supplemental.................      -4,400,000
    32 foot ports and waterways boats...................      -1,783,000
1993:
    Specific emitter identification system..............      -2,500,000
    Vessel traffic service system 2000..................      -1,000,000
    Systems to integrate and automate logistics.........      -2,500,000
1994:
    Support Ctr San Pedro, CA medical/dental building...      -4,000,000
    Vessel traffic service system 2000..................      -1,000,000
    Aquadilla, PR rinse rack/fuel farm..................      -6,300,000
    Training Ctr Cape May, NJ enlisted housing..........        -800,000
1995:
    Support Center New York, NY ANT/ET shops............      -3,250,000
    Stalwart class conversion (T-AGOS)..................      -3,750,000
    Survey and design, shore facilities.................      -1,415,000
    Polar icebreaker....................................      -1,600,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................     -42,569,000

    The facilities and projects recommended for rescission are 
either on hold pending revalidation of their need by the Coast 
Guard as a part of downsizing activities, are low priority 
programs or have leftover funding, or have experienced 
programmatic delays and the buildup of large unobligated 
balances. Although some of these funds may need to be replaced 
in future budgets as the programs work through their current 
problems, these current funds can be made available for 
rescission without significant impact.

                Environmental Compliance and Restoration

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,500,000 in 
``Environmental compliance and restoration'' funds. This amount 
represents approximately one-half of the unobligated carryover 
balance in the program. The Committee generally supports this 
program, but believes that in these fiscally austere times, 
carryover balances should be minimized. The Coast Guard is 
directed to allocate the reduction against training and 
environmental awareness activities, and not against remediation 
of individual sites.

                    FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

                        Facilities and Equipment

                    (airport and airway trust fund)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $69,825,000 in 
unobligated balances for ``Facilities and equipment''. A 
breakdown of the rescission by program and fiscal year is as 
follows:

1991:
    Establish airport surveillance radar................     -$2,375,000
    Southern California TRACON..........................      -2,000,000
1993:
    Tower replacement (Newburgh, NY)....................        -850,000
    Tower replacement (Islip, NY).......................      -1,500,000
    Tower establishment (Pullman/Moscow, WA/ID).........      -3,500,000
    Air route surveillance radar leapfrog...............      -4,700,000
    Long range radar-refurbish FPS-20 radars............      -1,400,000
1994:
    Instrument landing systems..........................      -7,000,000
    Terminal radars--DBRITE system......................      -2,000,000
    Radio control equipment.............................      -2,000,000
1995:
    Advanced automation system (engineering)............     -35,000,000
    System engineering and development spt..............      -5,000,000
    Air traffic control tower/TRACON facilities 
      improvement.......................................      -2,500,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................     -69,825,000

    These funds are available due to schedule slippages in the 
various programs. The facilities and projects recommended for 
rescission are either on hold pending revalidation of their 
need, are low priority programs, have leftover funding, or have 
experienced programmatic delays and the buildup of large 
unobligated balances. Although some of these funds may need to 
be replaced in future budgets as the programs work through 
their current problems, these current funds can be made 
available for rescission without significant impact.
                 Research, Engineering, and Development

                    (airport and airway trust fund)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $7,500,000 from 
unobligated balances of the ``Research, engineering and 
development'' appropriation. This represents one half of 
unobligated balances. The administrator of the Federal Aviation 
Administration is accorded the discretion to allocate the 
reduction, with the caveat that safety-related programs should 
be exempt from any reduction.

                     FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION

                Limitation on General Operating Expenses

    The Committee recommends a reduction of $42,500,000 in 
general operating expenses available for administrative 
expenses and research and development activities of the Federal 
Highway Administration. After the reductions, the revised 
fiscal year 1995 amount still represents an increase over 
fiscal year 1994 by $14,235,000. The following table summarizes 
the fiscal year 1994 and 1995 program levels and the 
Committee's recommended reductions:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Fiscal year      Fiscal year      Recommended  
                             1994         1995 enacted      rescission  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Administrative                                                          
 expenses............     $300,081,000     $307,183,000      -$3,000,000
Contract programs,                                                      
 research and                                                           
 technology:                                                            
    Highway R&D......;       42,525,000       55,153,000       -6,000,000
    ITS..............       90,300,000      114,500,000      -24,500,000
    Technology                                                          
     development.....       12,000,000       13,000,000       -1,000,000
    Long-term                                                           
     pavement                                                           
     performance.....        7,000,000        9,000,000       -2,000,000
    Local rural                                                         
     technical                                                          
     assistance......          500,000        3,105,000       -1,000,000
    National Highway                                                    
     Institute.......        4,500,000        4,500,000  ...............
    Disadvantaged                                                       
     business                                                           
     enterprises.....       10,000,000       10,000,000  ...............
    International                                                       
     transportation..          400,000          500,000  ...............
    OJT/supportive                                                      
     services........  ...............        5,000,000       -5,000,000
    Rehabilitation of                                                   
     TFHRC...........        1,250,000        3,000,000  ...............
    Technical                                                           
     assistance for                                                     
     Russia..........  ...............          400,000  ...............
                      --------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal,                                                         
       contract                                                         
       programs......      168,475,000      218,108,000      -39,500,000
        Total, LGOE..      468,556,000      525,341,000      -42,500,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        Administrative Expenses

    Administrative expenses.--The Committee has reduced the 
amounts available for administrative expenses by $3,000,000, 
leaving a total of $304,183,000 available for administrative 
expenses in fiscal year 1995. Reductions include $1,000,000 for 
furniture and furnishings and $2,000,000 for computer system 
support.

                           Contract Programs

    Highway research and development.--The Committee recommends 
a rescission of $6,000,000 for highway research and 
development. After the rescission, $49,153,000 is available for 
highway research and development, an increase of $6,628,000 
over 1994 levels. Reductions shall be made in lower priority 
programs, including not less than $2,000,000 from policy 
research and $1,000,000 in non-safety related activities of 
motor carrier research and development. In allocating the 
reduction, activities related to safety research and 
development should not be affected.
    Intelligent transportation systems.--The Committee has 
reduced the amounts made available in fiscal year 1995 for 
intelligent transportation systems (ITS) by $24,500,000, 
reflecting, in part, the unobligated balances for ITS programs 
and activities. Federal funding for ITS has grown significantly 
in recent years, from $4,000,000 in fiscal year 1990 before the 
passage of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 (ISTEA), to over $227,500,000 in fiscal year 1995. 
Although supportive of the efforts of the ITS program, the 
Committee is concerned that the growth of this program over the 
last several years may be difficult to manage effectively, and 
has, therefore, recommended a reduction of $24,500,000. In 
addition to the amounts made available under the Limitation on 
general operating expenses heading, $113,000,000 is available 
through ISTEA for fiscal year 1995. That amount is not affected 
by this rescission.
    The Committee recognizes that the Administrator may need 
flexibility in managing the Committee's reductions, and 
therefore, directs the FHWA to report to the House and Senate 
Committees on Appropriations within fifteen days of enactment 
of this Act if the reductions in ITS activities deviate from 
the Committee's recommendation by more than fifteen percent.
    In distributing the reductions in ITS research and 
development, lower priority activities, such as user-acceptance 
research and user-related assessments and studies, should be 
curtailed.
    The Committee believes that the promotion of truck and bus 
safety must be the primary purpose of the commercial vehicle 
operations (CVO) portion of the ITS program. Inasmuch as 
reductions are necessary in this activity, they shall be 
directed in CVO institutional, outreach, and regulatory 
activities.
    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,000,000 from 
the automated highway system program.
    Funds reduced for advanced technology applications should 
not be from balances transferred to the National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration. Unobligated balances in the 
research and development component are sufficient to provide 
the ITS program office the flexibility needed to pursue 
promising technologies that did not qualify for Advanced 
Research Projects Agency funding.
    Reductions in the program and systems support activities 
shall be from lower priority programs, such as planned work on 
institutional and legal issues and technology transfer 
activities.

                   INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS                   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Fiscal year      Fiscal year      Recommended  
                             1994         1995 enacted      rescission  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research and                                                            
 development.........      $28,000,000      $35,000,000     -$10,000,000
Operational tests....       15,000,000       22,500,000  ...............
Commercial vehicle                                                      
 operations..........       10,000,000       10,700,000       -2,000,000
Automated highway                                                       
 system..............       10,000,000       10,000,000       -3,000,000
Advanced technology                                                     
 applications........       15,000,000       15,000,000       -7,500,000
Priority corridors...  ...............       10,000,000  ...............
Deployment support...  ...............  ...............  ...............
Program and systems                                                     
 support.............       12,300,000       11,300,000       -2,000,000
                      --------------------------------------------------
      Total, ITS.....       90,300,000      114,500,000      -24,500,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Technology development.--The Committee recommends a 
rescission of $1,000,000. Reductions should be taken in lower-
priority programs including international market promotions, 
international exhibits and seminars, and support-related 
activities and not derived from highway safety or motor carrier 
safety assistance program-related technology transfer 
activities.
    Long term pavement performance.--The Committee recommends a 
rescission of $2,000,000 for long term pavement performance, 
resulting in the same level as available in fiscal year 1994. 
The budget justifications submitted during the fiscal year 1995 
budget cycle did not support an increase of $2,000,000, or 25 
percent, over last year.
    Local rural technical assistance.--In fiscal year 1995, 
$3,105,000, an increase of 520 percent over last year's level, 
was provided despite little justification for such an increase 
over the fiscal year 1994 levels. Accordingly, the Committee 
recommends a modest rescission of $1,000,000.
    On-the-job training/supportive services.--The Committee 
recommends a rescission of $5,000,000. The states currently 
have the authority to use resources from their highway 
apportionments to accomplish the objectives of on-the-job 
training/supportive services. For the first time in three 
years, funds were provided in fiscal year 1995 for this 
activity. The Committee urges the Federal Highway 
Administration to encourage state highway departments to take 
the necessary actions to achieve OJT/supportive services.

                          Federal-Aid Highways

                      (limitation on obligations)

                          (highway trust fund)

    The Committee recommends that the obligation limitation for 
the Federal-aid highways program be reduced by $70,140,000. 
This overall reduction represents a reduction of $42,500,000 in 
general operating expenses and $27,640,000 in the applied 
research and development program. Over the past several years, 
the Department has been unable to obligate funds for applied 
research and technology programs. This reduction shall not 
affect the Department's planned or ongoing applied research and 
development program. These reductions will have no impact on 
states' annual highway apportionments.
    Ellis Island Bridge.--The Committee directs the Federal 
Highway Administration to make available for other parkways and 
park highways under the Federal Lands program the $15,000,000 
set aside in Senate report 102-148 for the Ellis Island Bridge.

                        Emergency Relief Program

    The Committee recommends the rescission of $351,000,000 in 
the emergency relief program. A total of $1,350,000,000 was 
provided in response to the Northridge earthquake. The 
Department has informed the Committee that the reconstruction 
activities have been completed ahead of schedule and under 
budget. Accordingly, the Committee recommends that these 
unneeded balances be rescinded.
                    FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION

                 Northeast Corridor Improvement Program

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $7,768,000 from 
the ``Northeast corridor improvement program.'' According to 
Amtrak and the Federal Railroad Administration, these funds are 
set aside for potential contractor claims for a station 
renovation, and for grade crossing improvements which require 
review and approval of the affected states. These funds are not 
expected to be obligated during fiscal year 1995. If such funds 
are needed in future years, the Committee will review proposals 
at that time. This rescission should have no impact on the 
program to electrify track between New Haven, Connecticut, and 
Boston, on bridge modifications necessary to accommodate the 
center island platform at the New Rochelle Station, New York, 
or on the procurement of new high speed trainsets for northeast 
corridor service.

                     FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION

                     Transit Planning and Research

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $8,800,000 for the 
planning, research and training of the Federal Transit 
Administration. The Administrator of the Federal Transit 
Administration is accorded the discretion to allocate the 
reduction, with the caveat that safety-related programs should 
be exempt from any reduction.

                          Discretionary Grants

                      (limitation on obligations)

                          (highway trust fund)

    A rescission of $131,651,000 is recommended for the Federal 
Transit Administration's Section 3 discretionary grants 
program. Of that amount, $76,950,000 is to be reduced from 
balances available for construction of new starts and 
$54,701,000 from balances for buses and bus facilities. These 
amounts represent one-half of the balances that have been 
available prior to fiscal year 1994. Delays in obligating these 
funds may be a result of lags in the environmental and labor 
protection processes or site acquisition, or may indicate a 
lack of local financial support.
    The Committee acknowledges that, in some cases, funds 
proposed for rescission in the Federal Transit Administration 
may have been obligated or expended. It is the Committee's 
intent to correct these cases during conference committee 
action on the bill.
    Section 3 New Starts.--The Committee recommends that the 
available balances be reduced by $76,950,000. This amount 
represents 50 percent of the unobligated balances that have 
been available for obligation prior to fiscal year 1994. The 
Committee reduces, without prejudice, the following amounts:

FY 1991:
    Cleveland Dual Hub..................................     -$2,230,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
FY 1992:
    Cleveland Dual Hub..................................      -1,000,000
    Kansas City-South LRT...............................        -465,000
    San Diego-Mid Coast.................................        -950,000
    Los Angeles-San Diego CR (LOSSAN)...................      -5,000,000
    New Jersey-Hawthorne-Warwick........................     -17,100,000
    New York-Staten Island-Midtown Ferry................        -500,000
    San Jose-Gilroy CR..................................      -4,000,000
    Seattle-Tacoma CR...................................      -1,620,000
    Vallejo-Ferry.......................................        -880,000
    Detroit LRT.........................................      -5,000,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal, FY 1992.................................     -36,515,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
FY 1993:
    San Francisco BART extension/Tasman corridor........      -9,120,000
    Maine-Boston LRT....................................     -12,655,000
    Orlando-OSCAR.......................................        -875,000
    Salt Lake City-South................................        -980,000
    Cleveland Dual Hub..................................        -745,000
    Milwaukee-East/West.................................      -1,500,000
    San Diego-Mid-Coast.................................        -845,000
    New Jersey-Hawthorne-Warwick........................      -2,235,000
    Seattle-Tacoma......................................      -7,595,000
    New Jersey-Lakewood-Matawan-Freehold................      -1,490,000
    Miami DPM extensions................................        -165,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal, FY 1993.................................     -38,205,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, New Starts.................................     -76,950,000

    Section 3 Bus and Bus Facilities.--The Committee recommends 
that the available balances be reduced by $54,701,000. This 
amounts represents 50 percent of the unobligated balances that 
have been available for obligation prior to fiscal year 1994 
(-$37,051,000), and the fiscal year 1995 amounts that were not 
earmarked in the accompanying reports (-$17,650,000). The 
Committee reduces, without prejudice, the following amounts:

FY 1990:
    Madison, Wisconsin..................................     -$1,247,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
FY 1992:
    Eureka Springs, Arkansas............................         -31,500
    San Francisco med. parking garage, California.......      -1,250,000
    Eugene, Oregon......................................      -1,750,000
    Dallas, Texas.......................................      -3,750,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal FY 1992..................................      -6,781,500
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
FY 1993:
    Sacramento, California..............................      -2,790,000
    Miami, Florida......................................      -1,460,000
    Atlanta, Georgia....................................        -651,000
    Des Moines, Iowa....................................      -5,692,000
    Indiana.............................................      -1,205,000
    Maryland mass transit...............................        -370,000
    St. Louis, Missouri.................................        -407,000
    Rio Rancho, New Mexico..............................        -162,500
    Eugene, Oregon......................................      -1,675,000
    Erie, Pennsylvania..................................      -2,034,000
    Robinson Town Center, Pennsylvania..................      -4,068,000
    Corpus Christi, Texas...............................        -125,000
    Dallas, Texas.......................................      -7,426,000
    Chelan-Douglas, Washington..........................        -957,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal, FY 1993.................................     -29,022,500
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
FY 1995:
    Unearmarked/Unallocated.............................     -17,650,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, Bus and bus facilities.....................     -54,701,000
                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

                        (including rescissions)

    The Committee has included a general provision (sec. 801) 
that rescinds $8,000,000 of the amounts made available in the 
Department of Transportation and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 1995, for expenses of the working capital 
fund. Since these funds are budgeted in many individual 
appropriation accounts, a general provision has been used to 
effectuate the limitation and realize the budgetary savings. 
The actual limitation is provided under ``Office of the 
secretary, Working capital fund''.
    The Committee has included a general provision (sec. 802) 
that reduces amounts made available department-wide in fiscal 
year 1995 for Department of Transportation salaries and 
expenses. During recent hearings, the Department acknowledged 
that, as of January 1995, it was ahead of its scheduled staff 
reductions to comply with the National Performance Review. In 
light of this finding, the Committee has included a provision 
which has the effect of rescinding $20,000,000 in funding for 
personnel compensation and benefits. According to information 
from the Department of Transportation, these positions have not 
been filled; therefore, the Committee believes these funds can 
be reduced without impact on department operations. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of Transportation to notify the 
House and Senate Committees on Appropriations not later than 15 
days after enactment of this Act of how this reduction will be 
allocated among modal administrations and offices.
                               CHAPTER IX

            TREASURY, POSTAL SERVICE, AND GENERAL GOVERNMENT

                       DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

                          Deparmental Offices

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $100,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for Departmental 
Management and Administration. This reduction should be applied 
to the Office of Public Affairs.

                Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

     acquisition, construction, improvements, and related expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $5,000,000 
appropriated in fiscal year 1994 and a rescission of $6,000,000 
from funds appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for construction of 
a federal law enforcement training center at Davis-Monthan Air 
Force Base in Tucson, Arizona. The rescission of 1994 funds 
shall be taken from resources appropriated for the construction 
of nine classrooms, administrative support, driving ranges, 
student and other support facilities at the Tucson satellite 
facility. The 1995 rescission shall be taken from resources 
appropriated for a 150 room dormitory, a dining hall and 
firearms ranges at the Tucson Center.

                      Financial Management Service

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $160,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for Agency Support. 
This reduction should be applied to the offices of 
Congressional and Public Affairs.

                       Bureau of the Public Debt

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,500,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1994 for salaries and 
expenses. This amount was identified in a December 8, 1994 
letter to the Committee as a source for reprogramming funds 
into the Financial Management Service appropriation.

                        Internal Revenue Service

                          information systems

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,490,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for the Rent, 
Communications, and Utilities object class which were 
identified in a November 22, 1994 letter to the Committee as a 
source for reprogramming funds into the Departmental Offices 
Account.

                   EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

                           White House Office

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $171,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995.

                     Federal Drug Control Programs

                        special forfeiture fund

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $13,200,000 from 
funds appropriated in 1995 to the Special Forfeiture Fund. The 
Congress appropriated $41,900,000 in fiscal year 1995 for a 
variety of drug control activities. Unexpected expenditures by 
the Department of Justice Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement 
(OCEDEF) Task Forces, however, will lower receipts to the 
Special Forfeiture Fund below what had been anticipated by 
$13,200,000. The Committee therefore rescinds the excess 
$13,200,000 from amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995.

                          INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

                    General Services Administration

                         Federal Buildings Fund

                            new construction

 charlotte amalie, saint thomas, u.s. virgin islands, courthouse annex

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,184,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1992 for the Charlotte 
Amalie, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands Courthouse Annex. 
This project has been canceled.

        bullhead city, arizona, federal aviation administration

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,200,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for an unauthorized 
grant to the FAA for a runway protection zone at the airport in 
Bullhead City, AZ.
                    nogales, arizona, border station

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,000,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1993 for the Nogales, 
Arizona Border Station. This project is unauthorized.

 atlanta, Georgia, centers for disease control (mercer office building)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $40,000,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1993 for the Centers for 
Disease Control (CDC) ``Mercer'' site office building. In 1993, 
Congress provided $26,000,000 to purchase a site on which to 
construct a new office building for CDC and $15,000,000 to 
begin construction of the office building. The Committee 
believes it might be more cost effective for CDC to continue to 
lease available commercial office space rather than build a new 
building. This rescission applies only to the funds 
appropriated for the office building and will neither 
jeopardize nor affect ongoing construction activities of the 
CDC laboratory.

             sierra vista, arizona, u.s. magistrates office

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,000,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1994 for the Sierra Vista, 
U.S. Magistrates Office. This project is unauthorized.

                  newark, new jersey, parking facility

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $9,000,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1993 for the parking 
facility in Newark, New Jersey. This project is unauthorized.

                   hilo hawaii, university of hawaii

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $12,000,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for an unauthorized 
grant to the University of Hawaii for consolidation of offices 
on the University's campus.

          wheeling, west virginia, federal building/courthouse

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $35,861,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1994 for the Federal 
Building/Courthouse in Wheeling, West Virginia. This project is 
unauthorized.

                  seattle, washington, u.s. courthouse

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $11,548,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1993 for the U.S. 
Courthouse in Seattle, Washington. This project is 
unauthorized.

                         repair and alterations

          walla walla, washington, corps of engineers building

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,800,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for a repair and 
alteration project for a Corps of Engineers building in Walla 
Walla, Washington. This project is unauthorized.

            washington, dc, central and west heating plants

    Rescinds $5,000,000 of the $11,141,000 made available in 
fiscal year 1994 for the repair and alteration of the Central 
and West Heating plants in Washington, DC. This amount was 
identified in a November 23, 1994 letter to the Committee as a 
source for reprogramming funds within GSA.

      washington, dc, general services administration headquarters

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $13,000,000 from 
funds appropriated in Public Law 102-27 for the General 
Services Administration, Southeast Federal Center Headquarters.

                           operating expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,065,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995 for General Management 
and Administration.

                      Federal Election Commission

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $2,792,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995. This amount reflects 
the differences between the amount identified as necessary to 
modernize the FEC in fiscal year 1995 ($3,542,000) and the 
amount the FEC has said it will actually spend on 
computerization in fiscal year 1995 ($750,000).

                     Office of Personnel Management

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $3,140,000 from 
amounts appropriated in fiscal year 1995. The Congress 
appropriated $3,000,000 in fiscal year 1995 to enhance OPM 
training. In light of the Administration's proposal to transfer 
OPM training to other agencies, these resources will no longer 
be needed. The Committee has also rescinded $140,000 from OPM's 
Office of International Affairs.
                               CHAPTER X

DEPARTMENTS OF VETERANS AFFAIRS AND HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AND 
                          INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

                     DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS

                     Veterans Health Administration

                              medical care

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $50,000,000 from 
the FY 1995 medical care appropriation. The reduction is to be 
taken from the $771,000,000 earmarked for equipment and land 
and structures, the availability of which was delayed until 
August 1, 1995. The total for equipment and land and structures 
is thus reduced by $50,000,000.

                      Departmental Administration

                      construction, major projects

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $156,110,000 from 
the FY 1995 construction, major projects appropriation of 
$355,612,000. The reduction is to be taken from funds added 
above the FY 1995 budget request for ambulatory care projects 
at Columbia, Missouri; Gainesville, Florida; Hampton, Virginia; 
San Juan, Puerto Rico; Orlando, Florida; and West Haven, 
Connecticut. These projects were part of last year's universal 
health care proposal. An increase of approximately $84,000,000 
above the budget request for various construction projects will 
remain after this rescission.
              DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

                            Housing Programs

           National Homeownership Trust Demonstration Program

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $50,000,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995. The President proposes 
terminating this new program in FY 1996. The action would 
terminate the program in FY 1995.

               Annual Contributions for Assisted Housing

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of 
$5,733,400,000 of which, $1,683,000,000 are from prior year 
unobligated balances. Rescission recommendations for assisted 
housing funds include:
          $690,100,000 from the development or acquisition cost 
        of public housing, of which, $92,100,000 is from prior 
        year unobligated balances;
          $1,157,000,000 from the modernization of existing 
        public housing projects pursuant to section 14 of the 
        United States Housing Act of 1937, of which, 
        $243,000,000 is from prior year unobligated balances, 
        including $100,000,000 to eliminate funding for the 
        Choice in Management initiative, as proposed by the 
        Administration. This rescission would reduce program 
        funding to the President's FY 1995 requested level of 
        $2,786,000,000;
          $2,694,000,000 from rental assistance under the 
        section 8 existing housing certificate program (42 
        U.S.C. 1437f) and the housing voucher program under 
        section 8(o) (42 U.S.C. 1437f(o)), of which, 
        $100,000,000 shall be from new programs and 
        $350,000,000 from pension fund rental assistance as 
        provided in Public Law 103-327. In addition, the 
        Committee recommends accepting the Administration's 
        proposal to rescind $15,000,000 from the Family 
        Unification program. This would eliminate funding for 
        the incremental assistance program for FY 1995. At a 
        time when HUD has significant outstanding long-term 
        spending growth liabilities, the Committee is concerned 
        about the Department entering into additional 
        contracts;
          $465,100,000 from the preservation program, of which, 
        $290,100,000 is from prior year unobligated balances. 
        The President proposed rescinding $150,000,000 of such 
        balances;
          $90,000,000 from the lead-based paint program. The 
        Administration proposed rescinding $80,000,000 from 
        such funds;
          $186,000,000 from housing opportunities for persons 
        with AIDS program;
          $70,000,000 from unobligated balances of special 
        purpose grants from FY 1993 and prior; and
          $366,200,000 from unobligated balances of other 
        programs, including $287,000,000 of major 
        reconstruction of public housing funds proposed for 
        recapture and rescission by the Administration in FY 
        1996, moved into FY 1995, $6,000,000 from Section 8 
        contract amendments, $34,200,000 from amounts reserved 
        for lease adjustments, and another $39,000,000 from 
        recaptures. These last three items, totaling 
        $79,200,000, were proposed by the Administration for 
        rescission in FY 1995.

                          Congregate services

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of $37,000,000 
from FY 1995 appropriations and prior year unobligated 
balances. The amount recommended for rescission is the same as 
proposed by the President.

         payments for operation of low-income housing projects

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of 
$404,000,000. The remaining funding level of $2,496,000,000 
would match the President's request for FY 1995. The President 
proposes termination of this program in FY 1996, consolidating 
funding under the Public and Indian Housing Operation 
Performance Funds program.

                   severely distressed public housing

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of 
$523,000,000 of FY 1995 and prior year unobligated balances. 
The President proposes termination of this program in FY 1996.

             Drug Elimination Grants for Low-Income Housing

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of 
$32,000,000. Of this amount, $7,000,000 is unobligated 
balances. The remaining funding level of $265,000,000 would 
match the appropriation for FY 1994. The President proposes 
termination of this program in FY 1996.

                           youthbuild program

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of $38,000,000 
in FY 1995 funds. The remaining funding level of $40,000,000 
would allow one final round of implementation grants. The 
President proposes termination of this program in FY 1996.

                     housing counseling assistance

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of $38,000,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995. This action would return the 
program to the FY 1994 funding level of $12,000,000. The 
President proposes termination of this program in FY 1996.

                         flexible subsidy fund

    The Committee recommends the rescission of unobligated 
balances of $8,000,000 from the Flexible Subsidy Fund. The 
President proposes the termination of this program in FY 1996.

                  Nehemiah Housing Opportunities Fund

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of unobligated 
balances of $19,000,000 from this inactive program.

                          Homeless Assistance

                       Homeless assistance grants

    The Committee is recommending delaying the availability of 
$297,000,000 until September 30, 1995. The remaining amount 
available for all of FY 1995 would match the FY 1994 funding 
level of $823,000,000 for these activities.

                   Community Planning and Development

                      Community Development Grants

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of 
$349,200,000. Of this amount, $59,200,000 would be from 
unobligated balances from prior years. The President proposes 
the termination and consolidation of this program into the 
Community Opportunity Performance Funds account in FY 1996.
                          INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

             Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $500,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 as start up funds for this 
new entity. This rescission terminates the Board before members 
have sworn the oath of office and prior to expenditure of any 
funds, and is consistent with a rescission and termination 
proposal made by the President in the February 6, 1995 
messages.

              Community Development Financial Institutions

   community development financial institutions fund program account

    The Committee recommends the rescission of $124,000,000 
from this new program. The Committee urges further review of 
this new initiative.

             Corporation for National and Community Service

       national and community service programs operating expenses

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $210,000,000 from 
the FY 1995 National and Community Service Programs Operating 
Expenses appropriation. This rescission will reduce the FY 1995 
appropriation of $575,000,000 to the FY 1994 level of 
$365,000,000. This action will allow the Administration to 
honor its commitments to existing volunteers, while giving the 
Committee an opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
program prior to expansion.

                    Environmental Protection Agency

                        research and development

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $14,635,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 for various programs and 
activities. Of this amount, $3,635,000 has been proposed for 
rescission by the President in the February 6, 1995 messages 
and includes $2,300,000 in health effects research, academic 
training, and neurotoxicity research activities which have been 
fully funded as priority research, and $1,335,000 in 
procurement savings. The remaining $11,000,000 proposed for 
rescission is available from unobligated balances.

                   abatement, control, and compliance

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $4,806,805 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 for various programs and 
activities. Of this amount, $3,141,805 is derived from 
termination of the Clean Lakes program and $1,665,000 is 
achieved through procurement savings. The amount recommended 
for rescission is the same as proposed by the President in the 
February 6, 1995 messages.

                        buildings and facilities

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $25,000,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 and prior years for various 
projects. Funds for this recommended rescission are made 
available from unobligated balances carried forward in this 
account.

               water infrastructure/State Revolving Fund

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of 
$1,303,200,000 which was appropriated in FY 1995 and prior 
years for various programs and projects. Of this amount, 
$1,300,000,000 had been appropriated in fiscal years 1994 and 
1995 for distribution upon enactment of a drinking water state 
revolving fund. Such a fund is yet to be authorized. The 
remaining $3,200,000 is derived from funds incorrectly 
appropriated in FY 1995 for specific wastewater infrastructure 
improvements and has also been recommended for rescission by 
the President in the February 6, 1995 messages.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

                  science, aeronautics and technology

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $38,000,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 for various programs. The 
rescission includes $25,000,000 which was to provide maximum 
flexibility in program management of the Earth Observing 
System; $10,000,000 for the Hubble telescope mission; and 
$3,000,000 for a regional ecosystem computer-based modeling 
project. All of these program augmentations are excess to basic 
program needs and rescission of these funds will not impair 
approved NASA program execution.

                       construction of facilities

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $27,000,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1993 for construction of a 
facility for the Consortium for International Earth Science 
Information Network. The amount recommended for rescission is 
the same as proposed by the President in the February 6, 1995 
messages.

                            mission support

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $1,000,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 for operation of 
administrative aircraft. The amount recommended for rescission 
is the same as proposed by the President in the February 6, 
1995 messages.

                      National Science Foundation

    The Committee is recommending a rescission of $131,867,000 
which was appropriated in FY 1995 for a new inter-agency 
facilities and instrumentation modernization program. The FY 
1966 budget did not include continuation of this effort as 
required by the FY 1995 appropriation and the amount 
recommended for rescission is the same as proposed by the 
President in the February 6, 1995 messages.

                              CORPORATIONS

                 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

                    fdic affordable housing program

    The Committee is recommending the rescission of 
$11,281,034. This action would rescind all remaining 
unobligated balances from this new housing program.
                               TITLE III

                           GENERAL PROVISION

   denial of benefits for individuals not lawfully within the united 
                                 states

    The committee directs that each federal entity or official 
receiving funds under this act shall take reasonable actions to 
determine whether any individual who is seeking any benefit or 
assistance subject to the limitation established in the 
applicable section 301 is lawfully in the United States.
                            COMMITTEE VOTES

    Pursuant to the provisions of clause 2(l)(2)(b) of rule XI 
of the House of Representatives, the results of each rollcall 
vote on an amendment or on the motion to report, together with 
the names of those voting for and those voting against, are 
printed below:

                           rollcall number: 1

date: march 2, 1995
measure: emergency supplemental & rescission bill, fy 1995
motion by: ms. pelosi
description of motion: restore funding for aids research and provide 
        off-sets

                                results

    Members Voting Yea--37: Mr. Bevill, Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Bunn, 
Mr. Chapman, Mr. Coleman, Mr. Dickey, Mr. Dicks, Mr. Dixon, Mr. 
Durbin, Mr. Fazio, Mr. Foglietta, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Hefner, Mr. 
Hobson, Mr. Hoyer, Mr. Istook, Ms. Kaptur, Mr. Kolbe, Mr. 
Lewis, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. McDade, Mr. Miller, Mr. Mollohan, Mr. 
Murtha, Mr. Obey, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Porter, Mr. Regula, Mr. Sabo, 
Mr. Skaggs, Mr. Stokes, Mr. Thornton, Mr. Torres, Mr. 
Visclosky, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Yates, Mr. Young.
    Members Voting Nay--18: Mr. Callahan Mr. DeLay, Mr. 
Frelinghuysen, Mr. Kingston, Mr. Knollenberg, Mr. Lightfoot, 
Mr. Livingston, Mr. Myers, Mr. Nethercutt, Mr. Neumann, Mr. 
Packard, Mr. Riggs, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Skeen, Mr. Taylor, Mrs. 
Vucanovich, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Wicker.
                           rollcall number: 2

date: march 2, 1995
measure: emergency supplemental & rescission bill, fy 1995
motion by: mr. durbin
description of motion: eliminate funding for disaster assistance, 
        create a disaster assistance loan guarantee fund and restore 
        funding to various programs

                                results

    Members Voting Yea--20: Mr. Bevill, Mr. Chapman, Mr. 
Coleman, Mr. Dicks, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Foglietta, Mr. Hefner, Mr. 
Hoyer, Ms. Kaptur, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Mollohan, Mr. Murtha, Mr. 
Obey, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Sabo, Mr. Skaggs, Mr. Stokes, Mr. 
Visclosky, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Yates.
    Members Voting Nay--35: Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Bunn, Mr. 
Callahan, Mr. DeLay, Mr. Dickey, Mr. Dixon, Mr. Fazio, Mr. 
Forbes, Mr. Frelinghuysen, Mr. Hobson, Mr. Istook, Mr. 
Kingston, Mr. Knollenberg, Mr. Kolbe, Mr. Lewis, Mr. Lightfoot, 
Mr. Livingston, Mr. McDade, Mr. Miller, Mr. Myers, Mr. 
Nethercutt, Mr. Neumann, Mr. Packard, Mr. Porter, Mr. Regula, 
Mr. Riggs, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Skeen, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Torres, Mrs. 
Vucanovich, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Wicker, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Young.
                           rollcall number: 3

date: march 2, 1995
measure: emergency supplement and rescission bill, fy 1995
motion by: mr. stokes
description of motion: decrease funding for disaster assistance and 
        restore funding to various programs

                                results

    Members Voting Yea--23: Mr. Bevill, Mr. Chapman, Mr. 
Coleman, Mr. Dicks, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Fazio, Mr. Foglietta, Mr. 
Hefner, Mr. Hoyer, Ms. Kaptur, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Mollohan, Mr. 
Murtha, Mr. Obey, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Sabo, Mr. Skaggs, Mr. Stokes, 
Mr. Thornton, Mr. Torres, Mr. Visclosky, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Yates.
    Members Voting Nay--29: Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Callahan, Mr. 
DeLay, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Frelinghuysen, Mr. Hobson, Mr. Istook, 
Mr. Kingston, Mr. Knollenberg, Mr. Kolbe, Mr. Lewis, Mr. 
Lightfoot, Mr. Livingston, Mr. McDade, Mr. Miller, Mr. Myers, 
Mr. Nethercutt, Mr. Neumann, Mr. Packard, Mr. Porter, Mr. 
Regula, Mr. Riggs, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Skeen, Mr. Taylor, Mrs. 
Vucanovich, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Young.
                           rollcall number: 4

date: march 2, 1995
measure: emergency supplemental and rescission bill, fy 1995
motion by: mr. murtha
description of motion: transfer savings to a deficit reduction trust 
        fund

                                results

    Members Voting Yea--23: Mr. Bevill, Mr. Chapman, Mr. 
Coleman, Mr. Dicks, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Fazio, Mr. Foglietta, Mr. 
Hefner, Mr. Hoyer, Ms. Kaptur, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Mollohan, Mr. 
Murtha, Mr. Obey, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Sabo, Mr. Skaggs, Mr. Stokes, 
Mr. Thornton, Mr. Torres, Mr. Visclosky, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Yates.
    Members Voting Nay--32: Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Bunn, Mr. 
Callahan, Mr. DeLay, Mr. Dickey, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Frelinghuysen, 
Mr. Hobson, Mr. Istook, Mr. Kingston, Mr. Knollenberg, Mr. 
Kolbe, Mr. Lewis, Mr. Lightfoot, Mr. Livingston, Mr. McDade, 
Mr. Miller, Mr. Myers, Mr. Nethercutt, Mr. Neumann, Mr. 
Packard, Mr. Porter, Mr. Regula, Mr. Riggs, Mr. Rogers, Mr. 
Skeen, Mr. Taylor, Mrs. Vucanovich, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Wicker, Mr. 
Wolf, Mr. Young.
                           rollcall number: 5

date: march 2, 1995
measure: emergency supplemental and rescission bill, fy 1995
motion by: mr. mcdade
description of motion: report the bill as amended

                                results

    Members Voting Yea--31: Mr. Bonilla, Mr. Bunn, Mr. 
Callahan, Mr. Dickey, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Frelinghuysen, Mr. 
Hobson, Mr. Istook, Mr. Kingston, Mr. Knollenberg, Mr. Kolbe, 
Mr. Lewis, Mr. Lightfoot, Mr. Livingston, Mr. McDade, Mr. 
Miller, Mr. Myers, Mr. Nethercutt, Mr. Neumann, Mr. Packard, 
Mr. Regula, Mr. Riggs, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Skeen, Mr. Taylor, Mr. 
Visclosky, Mr. Vucanovich, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Wicker, Mr. Wolf, Mr. 
Young.
    Members Voting Nay--22: Mr. Bevill, Mr. Chapman, Mr. 
Coleman, Mr. Dicks, Mr. Dixon, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Fazio, Mr. 
Foglietta, Mr. Hefner, Mr. Hoyer, Ms. Kaptur, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. 
Mollohan, Mr. Murtha, Mr. Obey, Ms. Pelosi, Mr. Sabo, Mr. 
Stokes, Mr. Thornton, Mr. Torres, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Yates.
               CHANGES IN THE APPLICATION OF EXISTING LAW

    Pursuant to clause 3 of rule XXI of the House of 
Representatives, the following statements are submitted 
describing the effect of provisions in the accompanying bill 
which directly or indirectly change the application of existing 
law.
    Language is included in each paragraph in Title I of the 
bill which designates the appropriations to be an emergency 
requirement.
    Language is included in Title II of the bill which rescinds 
budget authority from various appropriation accounts.
    Language is included under Title II, Chapter I under Office 
of the Secretary which limits the transfer of funds available 
to the Department of Agriculture without prior Congressional 
notification.
    Language is included in Chapter 5 under the Bureau of Land 
Management, Management of lands and resources, prohibiting the 
implementation of the Roswell Resource Management Plan/
Environmental Impact Statement and the Carlsbad Resource 
Management Plan Amendment/Environmental Impact Statement.
    Language is included under Department of Education, College 
Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program, that would 
repeal the authority of the Department to subsidize any further 
gross loan obligations under title VII of the Higher Education 
Act.
    Language is included under Department of Health and Human 
Services, Payments to States for Foster Care and Adoption 
Assistance, which limits fiscal year 1995 awards to each State 
for administrative costs under section 474(a)(3) of the Social 
Security Act to 110 percent of the amounts awarded in fiscal 
year 1994.
    Language is included under General Provisions which amends 
section 458(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 to reduce 
direct student loan administrative expenditures for fiscal year 
1995 by $47 million.
    Language is included transferring funds to the appropriate 
authorizing Committees for the purpose of carrying out the 
functions of the Joint Committee on Printing.
    Language is included in Title II, Chapter VIII under 
Federal Highway Administration that reduces the Federal-aid 
highways limitation on obligations by reducing amounts for 
general operating expenses and applied research and technology 
programs.
    Language is included in Title II, Chapter VIII under 
Federal Transit Administration that reduces obligational 
authority in fiscal years 1990, 1992, 1993, and 1995 for buses 
and bus-related facilities.
    Language is included in Title II, Chapter VIII under 
Federal Transit Administration that reduces obligational 
authority in fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993 for new transit 
systems by specific amounts.
    Under the heading ``Federal Law Enforcement Training 
Center, Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
Expenses'', the Committee has included language directing that 
$1,000,000 be used to initiate design and construction of a 
Burn Building in Glynco, Georgia.
    Language is included under the Department of Housing and 
Urban Development, homeless assistance grants, delaying the 
availability of $297,000,000 of FY 1995 funds until September 
30, 1995.
    Language is included under Cooperative State Research 
Service; Small Business Administration; State Unemployment 
Insurance and Employment; and Education Research, Statistics, 
and Improvement that could be construed as legislative in 
nature.
    Language is included in Title II, Chapter VIII, dealing 
with reducing the obligation authority of the Working Capital 
Fund and with budgetary resources for civilian and military 
compensation and benefits and other administrative expenses 
that could be construed as legislative in nature.
    Language is included in Title II, Chapter VIII under the 
Federal Transit Administration, Discretionary Grants, that 
deals with distributions of the reductions that could be 
construed as legislative in nature.
    Language is included in Title II, Chapter II under Ounce of 
Prevention Council which allows funds appropriated for grants 
by the Ounce of Prevention Council in Public Law 103-317, to 
also be available for administrative expenses of the Council. 
It also allows the Council to accept, hold, administer and use 
gifts, both real and personal, for the purpose of facilitating 
its work.
    Language is included under Department of Education, Higher 
Education limiting funding of awards of doctoral studies under 
Title IX-B.
                  COMPLIANCE WITH RULE XIII--CLAUSE 3

    In compliance with clause 3 of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):
    The paragraph immediately under the heading ``Cooperative 
State Research Service'' in Public Law 103-330 is amended as 
follows:

                   Cooperative State Research Service

    For payments to agricultural experiment stations, for 
cooperative forestry and other research, for facilities, and 
for other expenses, including $171,304,000 to carry into effect 
the provisions of he Hatch act approved March 2, 1887, as 
amended, including administration by the United States 
Department of Agriculture, penalty mail costs of agricultural 
experiment stations under section 6 of the Hatch act of 1887, 
as amended, and payments under section 1361(c) of he Act of 
October 3, 1980 (7 U.S.C. 301n.); $20,809,000 for grants for 
cooperative forestry research under the Act approved October 
10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 582a-582-a7), as amended, including 
administrative expenses, and payments under section 1361(c) of 
the Act of October 3, 1980 (7 U.S.C. 301n.); $28,157,000 for 
payments to the 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee 
University, for research under section 1445 of the National 
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977 (7 U.S.C. 3222), as amended, including administration by 
the United States Department of Agriculture, and penalty mail 
costs of the 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee 
University; $52,295,000 for contracts and grants for 
agricultural research under the Act of August 4, 1965, as 
amended (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)); $103,123,000 for competitive 
research grants under section 2(b) of the Act of August 4, 
1965, as amended (7 U.S.C. 450i(b)), including administrative 
expenses; $5,551,000 for the support of animal health and 
disease programs authorized by section 1433 of Public Law 95-
113, including administrative expenses; $1,318,000 for 
supplemental and alternative crops and products as authorized 
by the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
Policy Act of 1977, as amended (7 U.S.C. 3319d); $500,000 for 
grants for research pursuant to the Critical Agricultural 
Materials Act of 1984 (7 U.S.C. 178) and section 1472 of the 
Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, as amended (7 U.S.C. 3318), 
to remain available until expended; $475,000 for rangeland 
research grants as authorized by subtitle M of the National 
Agriculture Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 
1977, as amended; $8,990,000 for contracts and grants for 
agricultural research under the Act of August 4, 1965, as 
amended (7 U.S.C. 450i(c)); $3,500,000 for higher education 
graduate fellowships grants under section 1417(b)(6) of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
Act of 1977, as amended (7 U.S.C. 3152(b)(6)), including 
administrative expenses, to remain available until expended (7 
U.S.C. 2209b); $4,350,000 for higher education challenge grants 
under section 1417(b)(1) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, as amended (7 
U.S.C. 3152(b)(1)), including administrative expenses; 
$1,000,000 for a higher education minority scholars program 
under section 1417(b)(5) of the National Agricultural Research, 
Extension, and Teaching Policy act of 1977, as amended (7 
U.S.C. 3152(b)(5)), including administrative expenses, to 
remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 2209b); $4,000,000 
for aquaculture grants as authorized by section 1475 of the 
National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3322), and other Acts; $8,112,000 for 
sustainable agriculture research and education, as authorized 
by section 1621 of Public Law 101-624 (7 U.S.C. 5811), 
including administrative expenses; and $19,954,000 for 
necessary expenses of Cooperative State Research Service 
activities, including coordination and program leadership for 
higher education work of the Department, administration of 
payments to State agricultural experiment stations, funds for 
employment pursuant to the second sentence of section 706(a) of 
the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225), of which [$9,917,000] 
$9,207,000 shall be for a program of capacity buildings grants 
to colleges eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 
30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321-326 and 328), including Tuskegee 
University, to remain available until expended (7 U.S.C. 
2209b), of which not to exceed $100,000 shall be for employment 
under 5 U.S.C. 3109; in all, $433,438,000.
    Section 458(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is 
amended, as follows:

SEC. 458. FUNDS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.

    (a) In General.--Each fiscal year, there shall be available 
to the Secretary of Education from funds available pursuant to 
section 422(g) and from funds not otherwise appropriated, funds 
to be obligated for administrative costs under this part, 
including the costs of the transition from the loan programs 
under part B to the direct student loan programs under this 
part (including the costs of annually assessing the program 
under this part and the progress of the transition) and 
transition support (including administrative costs) for the 
expenses of guaranty agencies in servicing outstanding loans in 
their portfolios and in guaranteeing new loans, not to exceed 
(from such funds not otherwise appropriated) $260,000,000 in 
fiscal year 1994 [$345,000,000] $298,000,000 in fiscal year 
1995, $550,000,000 in fiscal year 1996, $595,000,000 in fiscal 
year 1997, and $750,000,000 in fiscal year 1998. If in any 
fiscal year the Secretary determines that additional funds for 
administrative expenses are needed as a result of such 
transition or the expansion of the direct student loan programs 
under this part, the Secretary is authorized to use funds 
available under this section for a subsequent fiscal year for 
such expenses, except that the total expenditures by the 
Secretary (from such funds not otherwise appropriated) shall 
not exceed [$2,500,000,000] $2,453,000,000 in fiscal years 1994 
through 1998. The Secretary is also authorized to carry over 
funds available under this section to a subsequent fiscal year.
    Appropriation language under the head ``Department of 
Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Ounce of Prevention 
Council'' in Title VIII of Public Law 103-317, is amended as 
follows:

          For grants and administrative expenses by the Ounce 
        of Prevention Council, $1,500,000, to remain available 
        until expended: Provided, That the Council is 
        authorized to accept, hold, administer, and use gifts, 
        both real and personal, for the purpose of aiding or 
        facilitating the work of the Council.
                  APPROPRIATIONS NOT AUTHORIZED BY LAW

    Pursuant to clause 3 of rule XXI of the House of 
Representatives, the following table lists the appropriations 
in the accompanying bill which are not authorized by law:

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION:
        Coast Guard:
                Operating Expenses.
                           TRANSFER OF FUNDS

    Pursuant to clause 1(b) of rule X of the House of 
Representatives, the following table is submitted describing 
the transfer of funds provided in the accompanying bill:
    The following table shows the appropriations affected by 
the transfers:

             APPROPRIATION TRANSFERS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL            
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Account to which transfer               Account from which             
       is to be made         Amount    transfer is to be made     Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of Justice.....       NA  Department of Justice.....       NA
    General                            General Administration,          
     Administration, Ounce              Ounce of Prevention             
     of Prevention                      Council.                        
     Council.                                                           
Department of Education...       NA  Department of Education...       NA
    Education Research,                Education Research,              
     Statistics, and                    Statistics, and                 
     Improvement.                       Improvement..                   
Legislative Branch........       NA  Legislative Branch........       NA
    Joint Items, Joint               Joint Items, Committee on          
     Committee on                     House Oversight of the            
     Printing.                        House of Representatives,         
                                      and Committee on Rules            
                                      and Administration of the         
                                      Senate..                          
Department of the Treasury       NA  Department of the Treasury       NA
    Federal Law                        Federal Law Enforcement          
     Enforcement Training               Training Center,                
     Center, Acquisition,               Acquisition,                    
     Construction,                      Construction,                   
     Improvements, and                  Improvements, and               
     Related Expenses.                  Related Expenses.               
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              RESCISSIONS

    Pursuant to clause 1(b) of rule X of the House of 
Representatives, the following table is submitted describing 
the rescissions recommended in the accompanying bill:


























                   COMPARISON WITH BUDGET RESOLUTION

    Section 308(a)(1)(A) of the Congressional Budget and 
Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-344), as 
amended, requires that the report accompanying a bill providing 
new budget authority contain a statement detailing how that 
authority compares with the reports submitted under section 602 
of the Act for the most recently agreed to concurrent 
resolution on the budget for the fiscal year. All funds 
provided in this bill are necessary to meet emergency funding 
requirements under the procedures set forth in section 
251(b)(2)(D) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
Control Act of 1985. These funds are exempt from the 
Committee's section 602(a) allocation.
    The bill provides no new spending authority as described in 
section 401(c)(2) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment 
Control Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-344), as amended.

                      FIVE-YEAR OUTLAY PROJECTIONS

    In compliance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the following table contains 
five-year projections associated with the budget authority 
provided in the accompanying bill:
                              [In millions]

Budget Authority........................................        -$11,809
Outlays:
    Fiscal year 1995....................................          -1,508
    Fiscal year 1996....................................          -5,665
    Fiscal year 1997....................................          -1,354
    Fiscal year 1998....................................            -213
    Fiscal year 1999 and future years...................          -2,637
               ASSISTANCE TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

    In accordance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the financial assistance to 
State and local governments is as follows:
                              [In millions]

New budget authority....................................         -$6,318
Fiscal year 1995 outlays resulting therefrom............            -820
                     INFLATIONARY IMPACT STATEMENT

    Pursuant to clause 2(l)(4) of rule XI of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee estimates that enactment of this 
bill would have no overall inflationary impact on prices and 
costs in the operation of the national economy.








































DISSENTING VIEWS OF THE HONORABLE DAVID R. OBEY, THE HONORABLE ALAN B. 
MOLLOHAN, THE HONORABLE PETE VISCLOSKY, THE HONORABLE LOUIS STOKES, THE 
 HONORABLE ESTEBAN E. TORRES, THE HONORABLE TOM BEVILL, THE HONORABLE 
RONALD D. COLEMAN, THE HONORABLE MARTIN OLAV SABO, THE HONORABLE MARCY 
 KAPTUR, THE HONORABLE NANCY PELOSI, THE HONORABLE NITA M. LOWEY, THE 
   HONORABLE STENY HOYER, THE HONORABLE VIC FAZIO, THE HONORABLE JIM 
 CHAPMAN, THE HONORABLE NORM DICKS, THE HONORABLE SIDNEY R. YATES, AND 
                       THE HONORABLE RAY THORNTON

    We are deeply distressed by the decisions made in this 
appropriation measure. While we continue to believe that the 
Appropriations Committee must do its part in bringing the 
federal budget into balance, that is not the question addressed 
by this legislation. The reductions contained in this bill are 
not for the purpose of deficit reduction. These cuts are being 
made to offset supplemental appropriations (largely targeted at 
providing further disaster assistance to the state of 
California) and to provide budgetary offsets for the massive 
tax cuts targeted on high income individuals that are expected 
to reach the House Floor later this month.
    The tax cuts and supplemental spending are being offset by 
highly selective cuts within the general category of 
``discretionary spending.'' While there are spending cuts in 
this package which can be justified and which a large portion 
of the Committee Democrats support, the overwhelming majority 
of the cuts in this bill are aimed at either children or low 
income elderly. They are extracted from the weakest in our 
society in order to provide a huge political premium to those 
with the most power and those who have already received the 
lion's share of our recent economic expansion.

                                  kids

    The measure takes critically needed funds from pre-born and 
new born children through cuts in the Healthy Start and W.I.C. 
programs. It hurts preschool students through cuts in the 
leadbase paint abatement programs and the phasing out of 
federal support for Public Broadcasting and the range of 
television programming public television makes available to 
children in that age group. It hits school age kids by well 
over a billion dollars in cuts to local school districts. 
Particularly hard hit are new programs to increase safety and 
reduce drug abuse in our nation's schools and programs to 
enhance the training of our teachers, particularly in the areas 
of math, science and other basic skills.
    Older children are also targeted. More than one hundred 
thousand scholarships that would have been available to college 
bound high school graduates this fall will be terminated as a 
result of the elimination of the State Scholarship Intensive 
Grants program. Other cuts are made in programs like TRIO which 
provide opportunity and support to disadvantaged college 
students. But most of the cuts are directed toward kids who 
probably aren't headed toward college. More than 600,000 summer 
jobs for youth are eliminated for this summer and the same 
number are eliminated for the following summer. This program in 
important to maintaining a positive sense of community in many 
inner city neighborhoods. It also provides many non-college 
bound youth with their first and probably most important 
contact with the world of work. In addition, it terminates new 
programs for preparing non college bound youth for technical 
education in high school and for moving from high school to the 
workforce.

                            senior citizens

    An even larger share of the cuts in this bill are being 
extracted from the nation's low income elderly. While a 
substantial portion of the nation's elderly are economically 
secure there are 8 million elderly households (35% of the 
total) living on less than $10,000 a year. The share of elderly 
actually living in poverty has been cut substantially over the 
last three decades as the result of government efforts through 
a variety of programs. But a great many of our seniors are only 
slightly above the poverty line. The new rescission package 
hurts these individuals in a number of important ways.
    More than 1 million senior citizens now live in federally 
assisted senior citizen housing. Approximately 40% of the $7 
billion in housing cuts contained in this legislation would 
affect these seniors. This will result in future shortages of 
decent housing for low income elderly. It will also degrade the 
upkeep, security and quality of housing which seniors currently 
occupy.
    Two million elderly households are helped each year through 
the low income fuel assistance program in meeting the high cost 
of their winter heating bills. The fuel assistance program is 
eliminated completely in the new rescission package. These 
funds often protect the most hard pressed low income elderly 
from choosing between heat and medicine. Utility bills absorb 
more than twice as much of the budget of the average elderly 
household as they absorb from the budgets of other Americans.
    A $14 million cut in the older worker program will deny 
work opportunities to 3000 Americans over the age of 55 who are 
living in poverty. These part-time minimum wage jobs are 
directed at providing services to local communities such as 
weatherization, park and playground maintenance and work with 
low income children.
    This rescission package cuts in half federal assistance to 
help senior citizens in all income groups from being victimized 
by so-called ``Medigap'' insurance scams. Literally billions 
are spent by seniors each year on health insurance and while 
much of it is needed, it is estimated that a major portion of 
the total either duplicates coverage that seniors already have 
or is written in such a way as to provide most seniors with 
very little added coverage. This cut will be a big boon to some 
insurance writers but it will hurt many of the most vulnerable 
elderly.

                                veterans

    Finally, this package also cuts $200 million for veterans 
medical equipment and facilities. These funds were provided to 
deal with the increasing number of veterans reaching the age 
where substantially greater levels of medical service are 
needed. The rescission would eliminate construction of new 
facilities in Connecticut, Florida, Missouri, Puerto Rico and 
Virginia. In addition, $50 million in new equipment to improve 
care at existing V.A. Medical Centers is eliminated in this 
proposal.

                          a question of values

    No one in the Democratic minority disputes that we must cut 
the federal deficit or that the Appropriations Committee must 
play a major role in finding savings within the discretionary 
spending programs under its jurisdiction. What is appalling to 
those of us in the minority is not that this process has begun, 
but rather that it has not. When Committee Democrats offered 
language in the Full Committee Markup that would require 
savings achieved in this package be applied to the deficit 
rather than being used as offsets for the pending Republican 
tax cut, we were blocked by a unanimous ``no'' vote by 
Committee Republicans.
    This rescission package is part of an overall program in 
which the current deficit is being redistributed. In the end 
the nation's wealthy will be considerably better off, our 
children and low income seniors will be much worse off and the 
budget deficit will be as high or perhaps much higher than it 
would have been under existing policies. We think these are 
distorted values that are not reflective of the thinking of 
ordinary Americans and not in keeping with the best traditions 
of this government or this country.

                                   Dave Obey.
                                   Alan Mollohan.
                                   Pete Visclosky.
                                   Louis Stokes.
                                   Esteban Torres.
                                   Tom Bevill.
                                   Ron Coleman.
                                   Martin O. Sabo.
                                   Marcy Kaptur.
                                   Nancy Pelosi.
                                   Nita Lowey.
                                   Steny Hoyer.
                                   Vic Fazio.
                                   Jim Chapman.
                                   Norm Dicks.
                                   Sidney R. Yates.
                                   Ray Thornton.
   DISSENTING VIEWS OF HON. LOUIS STOKES, HON. SIDNEY R. YATES, HON. 
 MARTIN OLAV SABO, HON. JULIAN C. DIXON, HON. RONALD D. COLEMAN, HON. 
 ALAN B. MOLLOHAN, HON. JIM CHAPMAN, HON. MARCY KAPTUR, HON. THOMAS M. 
    FOGLIETTA, HON. ESTEBAN E. TORRES, HON. NITA M. LOWEY, HON. RAY 
                    THORNTON, AND HON. NANCY PELOSI

    We the undersigned, dissent from the proposed rescissions 
of funding for the Veterans Administration and the Department 
of Housing and Urban Development in the strongest and most 
emphatic manner possible. If the rescissions have been 
recommended by the new majority on the Committee to offset the 
costs of the Northridge, California earthquake and other 
natural disasters, it is both unwise and senseless, for this 
action will create thousands of individual and family 
disasters. If the rescissions are intended to offset the cost 
of future tax cuts--including capital gains for middle class 
families and affluent investors--this action is unconscionable.
    The effects of the proposed rescissions will be 
unmistakable. They will fall on the poorest, the most 
vulnerable, the most needy of our citizens. And they will fall 
especially hard on the elderly, the disabled, and children. The 
Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development 
summed up the effect of the proposed cuts when he stated 
``There are people who are going to be put on the streets as a 
result of the decisions that were made by the Committee.''
    The largest reduction recommended by the Committee is for 
public housing, which would be cut nearly $3 billion. Close to 
40 percent of the public housing units in the country are 
occupied by the elderly--often single and disabled women. More 
than one million children also live in public housing units. 
HUD estimates that the rescissions will affect 530,000 elderly 
households and 630,000 families with children. The effects will 
be varied--and they will be severe. They will include reduced 
maintenance, lessened security, fewer supportive services, 
personnel layoffs, and more. The cuts will also mean that 
certain of the worst public housing projects, those targeted 
for reconstruction or demolition, will remain as blights in our 
cities.
    Unfortunately, the Department of Housing and Urban 
Development has been the site of too much abuse, fraud and 
mismanagement in the past. HUD's Inspector General testified 
before the Committee that ``HUD's reputation for corruption 
dates back to the 1980's--when, as Independent Counsel Arlin 
Adams has said, `high-ranking political appointees * * * put 
their own interests ahead of the underprivileged persons whose 
interests they were charged to protect'.'' The Independent 
Counsel also stated ``The consequences of that scandal 
continued to be felt today, both in increased cynicism about 
our government in general and HUD in particular, and in the 
everyday lives of the poor.'' The action of the majority on the 
Committee compounds the injury to the underprivileged and poor 
by continuing to punish them for earlier incidents of official 
corruption.
    During the past six years the current and previous 
administrations have taken many positive and corrective steps 
to return sound management practices to the Department. Last 
December, Secretary Cisneros announced a new blueprint for the 
reinvention of the Department. The new plan ultimately would 
consolidate approximately 60 housing and community development 
programs into three block grants going to states and local 
communities. In order for the new plan to succeed, public 
housing authorities need modernization funding to improve the 
condition of their units so they can compete with the private 
sector. One of the Committee's recommendations, however, 
rescinds $1,157,000,000 in public housing modernization funds. 
The effect of this action is to deny the public housing 
authorities the resources they need to give the reinvention 
plan a chance. This single action--before hearings have been 
held and before the Department has had the opportunity to 
convince the Congress of the merits of its proposal--could doom 
one of the centerpieces of the new initiative.
    One of the most pernicious rescissions recommended by the 
Committee is the reduction of $404,000,000 from public housing 
operating subsidies. Based on the actions of the last Congress 
on the fiscal year 1995 HUD Appropriations Act, public housing 
authorities included in their budgets amounts for operating 
subsidies they had every reason to expect would be provided to 
them. If those assumptions are rendered moot half-way through 
the year by the recommended rescissions, the impacts will be 
devastating. Due to the way in which operating subsidies are 
provided, some local housing authorities will receive a 
disproportionate cut of as much as fifty percent in the third 
and fourth quarters of the year, leading to layoffs and drastic 
cutbacks in maintenance and other services. States and cities 
will be very hard pressed to find funds to make up for the lost 
federal support. One of the few possible sources of funding 
that might have been available to ease the loss of federal 
operating support half-way through the year, the community 
development grant program, is itself targeted for a cut back of 
nearly $350,000,000. The community development grant program, 
initiated by a Republican Administration, has been a favorite 
of federal, state and local officials for many years. It 
devolves decision making down to the state and local level, 
apparently one of the hallmarks of the new majority party. 
Rescission of these funds does not appear consistent with much 
of the new Republican rhetoric.
    Another cut recommended by the Committee with which we 
strongly disagree is the $90,000,000 rescission from the lead-
based paint program. No one who has seen first hand the effect 
on young children who have ingested lead-based paint could ever 
recommend cutting back this initiative. If this funding is 
eliminated, there will undoubtedly be increased future 
governmental costs for Medicaid and other programs to deal with 
the health and related problems that will befall children whose 
brains and development have been damaged by lead-based paint.
    The Committee's assault on the Department of Housing and 
Urban Development is not limited just to public housing, 
however, A rescission of $2.7 billion has been recommended in 
the rental assistance programs. If enacted, this reduction 
would mean a total of 69,000 rental vouchers and certificates 
would not be made available. More than 38,000 families with 
children would not receive housing assistance. More than 14,000 
elderly Americans would likewise receive no housing assistance. 
Perhaps most tragically, the 12,000 certificates that had been 
reserved for homeless women with children would be rescinded. 
Women with children constitute the fastest growing segment of 
the homeless population. Due to the action of the Committee 
many thousands of these needy families will remain homeless and 
potential victims to the dangers of life on the streets. 
Additionally, the 3,000 certificates set aside for homeless 
persons with AIDS would be zeroed. Housing experts point out 
the shortsightedness of this proposal. For example, in Atlanta, 
it costs less than $40 a day to provide supportive housing for 
homeless people with AIDS. The other likely alternative, a stay 
in the public hospital, costs up to $1,000 daily. Secretary 
Cisneros has stated that the estimated life expectancy for a 
homeless individual with AIDS is six months. The action of this 
Committee will condemn thousands of individuals suffering from 
AIDS to a demeaning existence and an early death on the 
streets.
    Not only will the cuts proposed by the Committee mean that 
people currently homeless will not receive assistance, they 
will also cause some people currently living in assisted 
housing to be thrown out on the street. A specific example is 
the 1,700 people living in the Lower Valley Project in El Paso, 
Texas. El Paso is slated to receive $35,000,000 to renovate the 
housing project. The plans include converting 100 of the 
apartments into single-unit homes and duplexes, which would be 
sold to residents on a rent-to-own basis. Rescission of 
$523,000,000 for severely distressed housing projects, as 
proposed by the Committee, threatens the entire project. El 
Paso already has one of the highest occupancy rates in the 
Nation for public housing. Nearly 5,000 people are on the 
waiting list to get into Lower Valley housing. The shortage of 
affordable housing in the area has resulted in the expansion of 
colonias, depressed communities along the border often lacking 
safe drinking water and proper sewage treatment.
    The list of programs in which the Committee is recommending 
what we consider to be short-sighted rescissions is lengthy and 
includes $465,100,000 from low-income housing preservation 
programs, $350,000,000 from pension fund rental assistance, 
$38,000,000 from the Youthbuild program, $210,000,000 from the 
National and Community Service program (Americorps), 
$15,000,000 from the FDIC Affordable Housing program, and 
$206,110,000 from Veterans Administration medical care and 
construction programs. The cuts in the Veterans Administration 
seem especially callous. Because it is a discretionary program, 
the Veterans medical care program has only increased by a 
fraction of the growth experienced in the private sector and 
health entitlement programs in recent years. The VA estimates 
that it currently has a backlog of more than $750,000,000 for 
medical equipment. The recommended rescission of $50,000,000 
senselessly adds to that backlog. The recommended cut of 
$156,110,000 in construction programs--targeted to ambulatory 
care facilities--is equally defenseless. Incredulously, two of 
the six affected facilities are located in Florida, the state 
with the fastest growing veterans population.
    We believe many of the rescissions recommended by the 
Committee, especially those identified above that are targeted 
to our veterans, our elderly, our children, and the most needy 
and poor among us, are ill-considered and mean spirited. We 
intend to work throughout the process to attempt to restore 
sanity and reason--in addition to funding--to the consideration 
of these programs.

                                   Louis Stokes.
                                   Marcy Kaptur.
                                   Ron Coleman.
                                   Thomas M. Foglietta.
                                   Esteban E. Torres.
                                   Martin O. Sabo.
                                   Nancy Pelosi.
                                   Sidney R. Yates.
                                   Julian C. Dixon.
                                   Alan Mollohan.
                                   Ray Thornton.
                                   Jim Chapman.
                                   Nita M. Lowey.
             ADDITIONAL VIEWS OF THE HONORABLE NANCY PELOSI

    The Committee Report includes language specific to the San 
Joaquin River Basin Resource Management Initiative, authorized 
in Section 3601(c)(1) of the 1992 Central Valley Project 
Improvement Act (P.L. 102-575). The language ``directs that the 
Bureau of Reclamation not obligate any additional funds in 
fiscal year 1995 for the San Joaquin River Basin Management 
Study.''
    This program was included in the CVPIA to address fish, 
wildlife, and habitat concerns on the San Joaquin River. The 
study was authorized so that we could figure out what needed to 
be done to restore fish to the San Joaquin, where irrigation 
water deliveries have wiped out several stocks of commercially 
valuable anadromous fish.
    Although the bill does not rescind funds for the study, the 
report language could achieve the same result as a rescission. 
I believe this is an inappropriate use of the rescission 
process, and I object to inclusion of the report language.
    The report language incorrectly implies that the Committee 
on Resources has expressed an intent to ``reassess the scope'' 
of the study. The Committee has not taken any such action 
specific to the San Joaquin River Basin Management Initiative. 
In fact, the Committee has not held a hearing or otherwise 
officially considered the merits of the study since it was 
authorized just over two years ago.
    The report language is nothing more than an attempt to kill 
a study that is politically unpopular with a small group of CVP 
beneficiaries who continue to profit from their subsidized 
water supplies at the expense of California's commercial and 
sport fish resources. The study had been authorized by Congress 
and is being conducted properly by the Bureau of Reclamation. 
It should be allowed to proceed without interference from 
special interests.

                                                      Nancy Pelosi.
     ADDITIONAL DISSENTING VIEWS OF THE HONORABLE MARTIN OLAV SABO

    Women, children and the elderly first * * *. This committee 
report contains a calculated $17.3 billion assault on federal 
domestic programs that serve our nation's most vulnerable 
people. To make matters worse, these cuts in housing, 
nutrition, education and training, heating assistance, 
environmental and transportation programs are being made 
largely to finance tax cuts for the wealthiest in our nation.
    Federal housing programs were hardest hit by the 
Committee's rescissions, which bore 40 percent of the cuts or 
$7.3 billion of this FY95 rescission package. Low-income 
families, including over one million senior citizens who 
currently live in federally assisted housing, will be hurt by 
these dramatic cuts in rental assistance and in the upkeep and 
maintenance of publicly-owned buildings. If these housing 
rescissions are enacted, safe, decent housing for recipient 
families will be jeopardized, and the infrastructure of this 
multi-billion dollar public investment will be badly damaged.
    The Committee also recommended terminating the Low Income 
Home Energy Assistance (LIHEAP) program despite evidence that 
it is urgently needed. LIHEAP recipients have an average annual 
income of only $8,257 and spend approximately 18.4% of that on 
energy expenses. These families already face significant 
hardships, and some are currently forced to decide whether to 
spend scarce resources on groceries or heating bills. Their 
situations will only worsen if their energy assistance is cut 
off. A Boston City Hospital study documented this problem when 
it found that emergency room visits by patients suffering from 
malnutrition peaked following periods of cold weather. Clearly, 
the elimination of LIHEAP will severely affect thousands of 
low-income families.
    I am also troubled that $17.5 million in FY95 rescissions 
in the Federal Transit Administration was taken solely from 
public bus and bus facilities accounts. Federal support of 
public busing is essential in many parts of the country where 
buses are the only mass transit option available, particularly 
when it is also the most affordable for low-income people. An 
efficient and effective bus transportation system exists in my 
Congressional District and has been a key piece in the 
development of the Twin Cities. I am proud to be a strong 
supporter of this form of mass transit both in my district and 
across the country. I believe this cut is irresponsible and 
short-sighted.
    Finally, the Committee has recommended terminating the 
summer youth program and reducing $1.7 billion in funding for 
education programs, including $12.5 million from School-to-Work 
activities. Such ill-advised policy would produce modest 
reductions in expenditures in the short-term, but yield 
substantial long-term losses in the productivity and earning 
power of today's youth. I question the wisdom of restricting 
federal investment in jobs and education at the precise moment 
when Congress is considering comprehensive welfare reform.
    I am very disturbed by the rescissions contained in this 
report, and I cannot in good conscience support this bill.

                                                    Martin O. Sabo.
          DISSENTING VIEWS OF THE HONORABLE RONALD D. COLEMAN

    I oppose the supplemental and rescission package before us 
today because it unfairly burdens our children, the low-income, 
and the elderly. This bill cuts $13 billion above what is 
needed to pay for disaster relief in an illogical manner to 
achieve an unknown goal.
    As the ranking minority member on the Transportation 
Subcommittee, I must oppose the proposed transportation 
rescissions in this bill. The transportation component of the 
bill includes a total of $728,486,000 in reductions in budget 
authority and obligation limitations.
    One half of the recommended transportation rescissions 
would be achieved by eliminating $351 million in unobligated 
emergency appropriations provided last year for emergency 
disaster relief for the Los Angeles earthquake and other 
disasters. Last year, in the emergency fiscal year 1994 
supplemental appropriations bill, we appropriated $950 million 
for the January 1994 earthquake in Southern California and for 
other disasters.
    The Committee report indicates that the $351 million is 
unobligated and not needed for the Northridge earthquake. But, 
according to the Department of Transportation, $25 million of 
this amount has been committed to California for Northridge. 
Another $19 million is needed to meet anticipated claims from 
California, Oregon and Washington flood damage. In other words, 
we are rescinding disaster funds in this rescission bill 
intended for California and other states in order to provide 
disaster relief to these same states. The remaining balances 
would be the only uncommitted funds that the Department of 
Transportation would have on hand to address any additional 
emergencies that may occur this year.
    I am also opposed to cutting the Coast Guard by $52.5 
million in this bill. Considering the $28.2 million in 
emergency funding to reimburse the Coast Guard's extraordinary 
expenses incurred in its Haiti and Cuba operations in the 
emergency supplemental bill, the net impact on the Coast Guard 
is a cut of $24.3 million. Make no mistake about it. We are 
hurting the Coast Guard's ability to maintain its operational 
readiness and to carry out its safety mission. On February 28, 
1995 the Coast Guard Commandant testified about a $15 million 
shortage in spare parts funding. Yet we are cutting $1 million 
in funding from the Coast Guard's spare parts. We heard about 
how the proposed $2.5 million rescission in the systems to 
integrate and automate logistics (SAIL) project will delay by 
six to eight months the Coast Guard's ability to improve the 
efficiency of its spare parts management, as recommended by the 
General Accounting Office.
    We are also affecting safety here. I do not agree with the 
proposed rescission if $1.7 million for the Coast Guard's 
Marine Safety Information System which would enable the Coast 
Guard to better track marine safety violations and target its 
law enforcement efforts.
    The bill before us also includes $114 million in reductions 
in earmarked transit new starts and bus projects. These 
reductions were decided upon by taking one half of fiscal year 
1993 and prior year unobligated balances for these projects. 
Because of an accounting error by the Department of 
Transportation, we now know that some of the $114 million in 
proposed reductions has, in fact, been obligated. The transit 
rescissions also would eliminate the balance of the Secretary 
of Transportation's fiscal year 1995 discretionary fund ($17.7 
million) for bus and bus facility projects which the Committee 
intentionally did not earmark last year.
    The net effect of these actions is that we are eliminating 
the Secretary's discretion to support meritorious transit 
projects, while the proposed bill does not eliminate what some 
members have called pork projects. The transportation portion 
of this rescission bill rescinds absolutely no pork, even 
though more than $2 billion in unobligated balances remain 
outstanding for specially earmarked highway and transit 
demonstration projects in member's districts. The bill before 
us simply defers the obligation of contract authority for 
transit projects until fiscal year 1996 or later years, but 
does not actually rescind this budget authority. Moreover, I am 
concerned with the fact that good projects as well as bad 
projects are affected by the proposed reductions. No attempt 
has been made to week out unmeritorious projects--the money 
that could wisely be used for children's programs or nutrition 
programs for the poor were cut on the same day.
    In addition to the cuts taken by transportation programs, I 
would like to specifically address several measures contained 
in the package which directly affect my state. Having served on 
the Interior Subcommittee, I am well aware of the deteriorating 
condition of our park system and am greatly concerned by the 
$45 million being carved out of the National Park Service 
budget.
    Most Americans are aware of Yellowstone Park and the Grand 
Canyon. Fewer Americans have heard of the parks which 
commemorate and preserve an unique part of our history, 
culture, or landscape. As a result these parks have 
historically lagged behind their more famous siblings in 
funding.
    I believe the rescissions proposed in this package not only 
continues this trend, but reverses the progress we had made in 
recent years. I hope this is not an indication of the treatment 
projects symbolizing our multi-cultural heritage will receive 
in the FY96 budget.
    I would like to point out three meritorious projects which 
the Interior Subcommittee, I believe wrongly, singled out. The 
first is Chamizal National Memorial in my district. Last year, 
this Committee provided $1.2 Million for landscaping. The 
Chamizal National Memorial commemorates the settling of a 100 
year old dispute concerning our international border with 
Mexico.
    The Rio Grande River which serves as the boundary between 
the United States and Mexico frequently changed its course. It 
wasn't until Mexican President Adolfo Lopez Mateos invited 
President John Kennedy to amicably settle the dispute in 1962 
that the issue was resolved. Until this time, the issue was a 
matter of great tension among American and Mexican land owners. 
Some of the disputed land was set aside to form the Chamizal 
National Memorial where educational programs, performing arts, 
and visual arts serve to preserve and maintain the unique 
heritage of the southwest border.
    The money being rescinded here today was intended to fund 
the implementation of the second step of the Memorial's 1989 
Landscape Management Plan. The Committee funded the first phase 
in fiscal year 1994. I would just like to note that the 
Memorial staff was prepared to move forward with the 
renovations. A contractor had begun the planning and design. 
Schematic design was completed in February. We are not 
rescinding money that was not needed or could not be spent, but 
rather money that was desperately needed and that was planned 
to be spent this fiscal year.
    Two other projects of note are contained in the National 
Park Service rescissions. That is land acquisition funds for 
the Palo Alto National Battlefield, Texas and state assistance 
funds for the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park.
    Palo Alto is the site of the first battle of the Mexican-
American War. It is the only site of the National Park Service 
that interprets the Mexican-American War. This bill rescinds 
half of all the funding provided to the National Park Service 
to purchase the 3,400 acres of battlefield. By rescinding this 
money we are forgoing an important opportunity to work with the 
Palo Alto Conservation Fund to purchase land.
    It was through the creation of the missions that much of 
the southwest was explored and settled. The San Antonio 
Missions National Historical Park is one of our finest examples 
of how that was accomplished, the hardships that had to be 
endured, and the architectural beauty that was a result. It is 
also an example of federal, state and local cooperation. All of 
the mission land was acquired by the City of San Antonio and 
donated to the National Park Service. The State of Texas 
dedicated funds to provide an intemodal transportation system 
to link the four missions and downtown. Citizens raised over $1 
million for project funding. Comparatively fewer federal 
dollars have been involved. Now, the federal government is 
rescinding its contribution toward completion of the exhibits 
and audio/video production at one of the visitor centers.
    In respect to the unwise and senseless rescissions in the 
area of public housing, I agree with the comments of my 
colleague Mr. Stokes as contained in a separate dissenting 
view. I would like to clarify for the Committee that these cuts 
are not just on paper, but will affect real people. Two cuts 
contained in this package will have a disparaging impact on 
residents of dilapidated, low-income housing. The reduction in 
payments for the operation of low-income housing projects and 
the elimination of funding for the Severely Distressed Public 
Housing Fund will result in a reduction of affordable housing 
for El Paso, where public housing is already at maximum 
capacity, and a lost of over 200 employees in a region with 
unemployment over 9%.
    The reduction in the payments for operation of low-income 
housing projects will fall disproportionately on housing 
authorities which start their fiscal year later. The housing 
authorities which begin their fiscal year July 1 or October 1 
could see their funding cut by as much as 50%. This reduction 
will mean a reduction in maintenance, security, and supportive 
services.
    I oppose the elimination of funding for the Severely 
Distressed Public Housing fund. This program is targeted to 
help those who live in some of our nation's most dilapidated 
and crime infested developments. This money is urgently needed. 
In many instances this money has already been obligated and 
contracts have been signed. Not funding this program in 1996 is 
one thing, reneging on our word is another. This will result in 
long and costly litigation over cancellation of this 
commitment.
    Finally, I am also opposed to the provision in the Non-
Emergency Supplemental Bill which prohibits the use of federal 
funds to implement the President's prohibition on ``permanent 
replacement'' workers in the event of a strike. Only the 
Executive Branch can decide how to treat its employees, not the 
Congress. I find the idea of replacing striking workers with 
``permanent replacement'' highly objectional, having supported 
Right-to-Work legislation in this Congress every time it has 
come up for a vote.
    In summary, I do not support the emergency supplemental and 
rescission. I believe that it cuts the wrong programs--programs 
that hurt children, low-income Americans, and the elderly--for 
the wrong reasons.

                                                 Ronald D. Coleman.