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                                                       Calendar No. 184
104th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE

   1st Session                                                  104-139
_______________________________________________________________________


 
DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED 
                   AGENCIES APPROPRIATION BILL, 1996

                                _______


   September 12 (legislative day, September 5), 1995.--Ordered to be 
                                printed

_______________________________________________________________________


    Mr. Gramm, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                     ADDITIONAL AND MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2076]

    The Committee on Appropriations, to which was referred the 
bill (H.R. 2076) making appropriations for the Departments of 
Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related 
agencies programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
1996, and for other purposes, reports the same to the Senate 
with amendments and recommends that the bill as amended do 
pass.



Amount in new budget (obligational) authority

Total bill as reported to Senate........................ $26,525,227,000
Amount of appropriations, 1995..........................  26,698,336,000
Amount of budget estimates, 1996, as amended............  31,158,679,000
The bill as reported to the Senate:
    Above the appropriations for 1995...................    -173,109,000
    Below the estimates for 1996........................  -4,633,452,000


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Summary of Committee recommendations.............................     3
Bill highlights..................................................     3
Title I--Department of Justice...................................     8
Title II--Department of Commerce and related agencies............    49
    Related agencies:
        Office of the U.S. Trade Representative..................    50
        International Trade Commission...........................    50
Title III--The judiciary.........................................    81
Title IV--Department of State and related agencies...............    88
    Related agencies:
        Arms Control and Disarmament Agency......................   107
        U.S. Information Agency..................................   107
        Office of Inspector General..............................   109
        Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program...................   110
Title V--Related agencies:
    Department of Transportation: Maritime Administration........   114
    Commission on the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad..   116
    Commission on Civil Rights...................................   116
    Commission on Immigration Reform.............................   117
    Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.............   117
    Competitiveness Policy Council...............................   117
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission......................   118
    Federal Communications Commission............................   118
    Federal Maritime Commission..................................   119
    Federal Trade Commission.....................................   119
    Japan-United States Friendship Commission....................   120
    Legal Services Corporation...................................   120
    Marine Mammal Commission.....................................   121
    Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday Commission..........   121
    Office of Prevention Council.................................   121
    Securites and Exchange Commission............................   122
    Small Business Administration................................   123
    State Justice Institute......................................   128
Title VI--General provisions.....................................   129
Title VII--Rescissions...........................................   132
Compliance with paragraph 7, rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   134
Compliance with paragraph 7(c), rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................   135
Compliance with paragraph 12, rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   135
Budgetary impact.................................................   150
Additional views of Hon. Robert F. Bennett.......................   151
Additional views of Hon. Ernest E. Hollings......................   152
                  Summary of Committee Recommendations

    The Committee recommends a total of $22,981,889,000 in 
discretionary budget authority, $3,944,000,000 in budget 
authority from the violent crime reduction trust fund, and 
$372,162,000 in rescissions for the departments, agencies, and 
programs within the jurisdiction of the Commerce, Justice, and 
State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies appropriations bill 
for fiscal year 1996. The House version of this bill, H.R. 
2076, passed the House of Representatives on a vote of 272 to 
151 on July 26, 1995. The Committee's recommendations to the 
Senate for this bill would result in $25,656,313,000 in new and 
prior-year discretionary outlays, and $2,103,409,000 in new and 
prior-year violent crime reduction trust fund outlays, as 
estimated by the Congressional Budget Office. The Committee 
also recommends appropriations totaling $505,651,000 for 
mandatory programs within the jurisdiction of this bill, 
resulting in estimated mandatory outlays of $500,541,000.
    For discretionary programs, the Committee recommended 
appropriations are $4,450,861,000 in discretionary budget 
authority and $66,200,000 in violent crime reduction trust fund 
budget authority below the President's request and 
$1,039,179,000 in discretionary budget authority and 
$37,987,000 in violent crime reduction trust fund budget 
authority below the House-passed bill. The Committee notes that 
while most of the programs and agencies supported by this 
bill--such as the Immigration and Naturalization Service, the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation, and much of the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration--lack authorization for 
appropriations in fiscal year 1996, the Committee recommends 
meeting its responsibilities to the American public and 
providing appropriations for these ongoing programs.

                            Bill Highlights

Department of Justice
    A comprehensive crimefighting initiative is the centerpiece 
of the Committee bill. The recommendation provides 
$15,176,764,000 in resources to the Department of Justice, 
including the maximum funding allowed from the violent crime 
reduction trust fund, and another $3,097,708,000 for the 
Federal judiciary.
    The Committee's crimefighting initiative provides funding 
to support Federal, State, and local law enforcement, prisons, 
prosecutors, and other crimefighting activities. Highlights of 
the initiative include:
  --$2,262,100,000 to support State and local law enforcement;
  --$4,571,984,000 to support Federal law enforcement agencies 
        such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Drug 
        Enforcement Agency, and the Border Patrol;
  --$3,337,932,000 to incarcerate Federal prisoners, apprehend 
        and detain fugitives, operate and maintain existing 
        Federal prison facilities, and build and activate new 
        or expanded facilities;
  --$1,065,000,000 in grants to support State and local prison 
        construction for the incarceration of violent 
        criminals, and reimburse States for the costs of 
        incarcerating criminal aliens; and
  --$829,524,000 for Federal prosecution of criminals.
    The administration's request--in a budget that made no 
attempt to balance the budget, not in 7 years, not in 10 years, 
not ever--provided $15,291,039,000 in funding for the Justice 
Department. That request contained funding for several 
programs--like $333,642,000 in so-called prevention programs--
which the Committee chose not to fund in this bill.
    In the wake of the Oklahoma City bombing, Senate passage of 
Senate bill 735, the Comprehensive Terrorism Prevention Act of 
1995 by a vote of 91 to 8, and enactment of the 1995 emergency 
Oklahoma City/antiterrorism supplemental (Public Law 104-19), 
the Committee has made counterterrorism a top priority in this 
bill. The Committee recommends shifting violent crime reduction 
trust fund [VCRTF] resources away from so-called prevention 
programs toward counterterrorism and other Federal 
crimefighting efforts as authorized in Senate bill 735 and the 
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public 
Law 103-322). Where possible, the Committee has shifted VCRTF 
resources, as authorized in Senate bill 735 and Public Law 103-
322, away from ministerial and administrative functions within 
the Justice Department toward the front lines in the fight 
against crime.
    In addition to these changes, the Committee recommends 
providing $1,700,000,000 in VCRTF funding for a new State and 
Local Law Enforcement Assistance Block Grant Program as 
proposed in Senate bill 3, the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Improvement Act of 1995. This program is funded in 
place of the Community Oriented Policing Services Program in 
order to give 39,000 State and local law enforcement agencies--
those on the front lines in the fight against crime--the 
flexibility to make their own choices about which crimefighting 
strategies make the most sense for their communities.
    The recommendation provides:
  --$750,000,000 in VCRTF funding for truth-in-sentencing and 
        violent offender incarceration Grants as proposed in 
        Senate bill 3;
  --$525,000,000 for the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local 
        Law Enforcement Grant Program;
  --$300,000,000, the full amount authorized, for 
        reimbursements to States for the costs of incarcerating 
        criminal illegal aliens;
  --$100,000,000--a threefold increase over fiscal year 1995 
        levels--for the Violence Against Women Act program; and
  --$210,000,000 for a new Civil Legal Assistance Block Grant 
        Program administered by the Office of Justice Programs.
Department of Commerce
    The Committee recommends a total of $3,463,646,000 for the 
U.S. Trade Representative, the International Trade Commission, 
and the Department of Commerce for fiscal year 1996. This 
amount is $1,566,177,000 below the total request, $860,534,000 
below the total amount appropriated for these programs for 
fiscal year 1995, and $299,013,000 below the House allowance.
    The conference report on House Concurrent Resolution 67, 
the fiscal year 1996 budget resolution, as passed by the Senate 
on June 29, 1995, assumes elimination of the Department of 
Commerce. The 602(b) allocation established for the 
subcommittee is based on the assumptions contained in the 
budget resolution.
    Until Congress decides the future of the Department, the 
Committee recommends that, as a general rule, (1) no new 
offices should be opened; (2) no new staff should be hired; and 
(3) no new construction should be undertaken in those areas 
within the Department which are being considered for either 
major restructuring or elimination.
    The recommendation includes $1,866,319,000 for the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA]. The 
recommendation would fund coastal and ocean research important 
to our Nation's fisheries and continue modernization of the 
National Weather Service. The recommendation moves toward 
privatization of several functions within the weather services, 
and reduces reliance on a NOAA owned and operated fleet.
    The recommendation would immediately eliminate the 
following: Minority Business Development Agency; U.S. Travel 
and Tourism Administration; Technology Administration, and the 
Information Infrastructure Grant Program.
    The Committee recommends major downsizing of the Economic 
Development Administration, the Advanced Technology Program, 
the Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program, and several 
other functions within the Department.
    Funding has also been provided for the Commerce 
reorganization transition fund which will provide for necessary 
closeout costs for several functions slated for elimination and 
the orderly downsizing of other areas within the Department, 
including voluntary buyouts, consistent with the provisions of 
the Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994.
The judiciary
    The recommendation provides a total of $3,097,708,000--an 
increase of $191,879,000 over fiscal year 1995 levels, 
$238,286,000 below requested funding for the Federal 
judiciary--to help the judiciary handle projected increases in 
caseload.
    The recommendation is intended to provide additional 
magistrate judges to help eliminate existing backlogs in 
caseloads; and fund court security and judicial automation to 
help make Federal courts safer and more efficient.
Department of State and related agencies
    In total, recommended funding for the Department of State, 
the U.S. Information Agency, and the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency are below the authorized levels set forth in 
the fiscal year 1996-99 authorization bill, Senate bill 908, 
the Foreign Relations Revitalization Act of 1995, as reported 
by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on June 9, 1995, by 
$897,539,000. Every program contained in this title is at or 
below the authorization level provided in that bill.
    The recommendation represents a 10-percent general 
reduction below the President's request for State Department 
operations, although requested increases are provided for 
increased security at domestic and overseas posts. Consistent 
with the provisions of Senate bill 908, the chairman's mark 
establishes a new appropriations account: the foreign affairs 
reorganization transition fund. This fund will be used to pay 
the necessary costs associated with an orderly reorganization 
and downsizing of these agencies. Resources provided to this 
fund may be used to finance voluntary separation incentive 
payments consistent with the Federal Workforce Restructuring 
Act of 1994.
    The recommendation includes $550,000,000 for payment of the 
obligations of U.S. membership in international organizations 
and directs the State Department to conduct a thorough 
reevaluation of U.S. membership in the 50 international 
organizations funded through this account. The State Department 
should take immediate steps to withdraw from international 
organizations which are not deemed to be in the national 
interest.
    The recommendation provides $250,000,000 for U.S. payments 
for contributions for international peacekeeping activities for 
fiscal year 1996. Language is included, stating that none of 
the funds in this bill can be expended for new or expanded 
peacekeeping missions unless 15 days in advance of the vote at 
the United Nations: (1) the Committee is notified of the 
estimated cost and length of the mission, the vital national 
interest that will be served, and the planned exit strategy; 
and (2) a reprogramming request is submitted, indicating the 
source of funds that will be used to pay for the new or 
expanded mission.
Other related agencies
    The recommendation would immediately eliminate the 
Competitiveness Policy Council, the Ounce of Prevention 
Council, and the Legal Services Corporation. The Legal Services 
Corporation would be replaced with a $210,000,000 block grant 
program to provide competitively bid legal assistance to low-
income individuals.
    The recommendation cuts funding for the following 
regulatory agencies by 20 percent below fiscal year 1995 
funding levels: Federal Communications Commission, Federal 
Maritime Commission, Federal Trade Commission, Marine Mammal 
Commission, and Securities and Exchange Commission.
    In addition, the recommendation cuts overhead expenses at 
the Small Business Administration while preserving basic 
guaranteed loan programs to small businesses such as the 
popular 7(a) loan program.
Rescissions
    The chairman's mark rescinds a total of $372,162,000 in 
projected end-of-year carryover balances in five accounts--one 
in the Department of Justice, two in the Department of 
Commerce, and two in State and related agencies. Rescission 
amounts are based upon estimates provided to the Committee by 
the affected agencies on or after August 1, 1995.
    Proposed rescissions include:
  --$35,000,000 from the working capital fund at the Department 
        of Justice;
  --$36,769,000 from the Information Infrastructure Grant 
        Program at the Department of Commerce;
  --$152,993,000 from the construction accounts at the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology;
  --$140,000,000 from the ``Acquisition and maintenance of 
        buildings abroad'' account at the Department of State; 
        and
  --$7,400,000 from the ``Radio construction'' account at the 
        U.S. Information Agency.
                     TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

    The Committee has made funding for law enforcement the 
centerpiece of the fiscal year 1996 appropriations bill.
    The subcommittee's 602(b) allocation for nondefense 
discretionary spending is $4,683,030,000 below the President's 
request, $2,354,000,000 below a freeze at fiscal year 1995 
funding levels, and $1,289,000,000 below the House allocation.
    The Committee recommends $15,176,764,000 in new budget 
(obligational) authority in the accompanying bill for the 
Department of Justice with a strong emphasis on law enforcement 
activities for fiscal year 1996. This amount is $2,876,973,000 
more than the fiscal year 1995 funding level, $702,242,000 
above the funding contained in the House-passed bill. Of the 
total amount provided, $11,262,764,000 is derived from general 
purpose funds, which represents an increase of $1,285,373,000 
over the current year, and $728,729,000 over the level 
contained in the House bill. The remaining $3,914,000,000 is 
derived from the violent crime reduction trust fund, which is 
an increase of $1,586,100,000 in trust fund spending over the 
current year, and $26,487,000 less than the trust fund spending 
recommended by the House.

                         General Administration

                         salaries and expenses

                     (including transfer of funds)

Appropriations, 1995....................................   $119,643,000 
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     88,729,000 
House allowance.........................................     74,282,000 
Committee recommendation................................     74,282,000 

    (By transfer)

                                                            (11,000,000)

    This account funds the development of policy objectives and 
the overall management of the Department of Justice.
    The Committee recommends a total of $85,282,000 for general 
administration for fiscal year 1996, including $11,000,000 by 
transfer from the working capital fund at the Department of 
Justice. The recommendation reflects the requested 
appropriation of $49,450,000 to a new account for the 
administrative review and appeals function and $365,000 to the 
criminal division for the executive office of asset forfeiture. 
Both of these activities were formerly funded in this account. 
Funds transferred from the working capital fund are for the 
purpose of funding the joint automated booking station, as 
proposed by the President. The total amount provided after 
these changes is $15,454,000 more than the current year 
appropriation.
    The Committee recommendation also includes a $5,000,000 
base transfer from the Immigration and Naturalization Service 
[INS] to this account for additional departmental management 
and financial oversight of INS. The Committee believes that 
hands-on assistance to the INS in the management of day-to-day 
activities and the implementation of significant hiring and 
expansion initiatives is most critical. Therefore, the 
Committee supports the base transfer of $5,000,000 to General 
Administration instead of to the Office of the Inspector 
General, as proposed in the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation includes $1,000,000 to support 
six additional positions, including three attorneys, for the 
Office of Intelligence Policy and Review [OIPR]. This Office is 
responsible for coordination, development, and implementation 
of departmental policy on intelligence and national security 
matters. The additional resources will support greater 
oversight, direction and monitoring of Department of Justice 
counterterrorism and counterintelligence activities.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, making up to $3,317,000 
of this appropriation available until expended for the 
Facilities Program 2000.
    To ensure that scarce resources are targeted to the support 
and oversight of crime-fighting activities, the Committee has 
recommended bill language freezing legislative and public 
affairs activities at fiscal year 1995 levels.

                          police corps grants

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         ( \1\ )
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                             $10,000,000

\1\ The budget estimate includes an earmark appropriation of $10,000,000 
for the Police Corps Program under ``Community Oriented Policing 
Services.''

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $10,000,000 
for the Police Corps Grants Program to be derived from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund. This program is authorized 
by section 200101 of the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994.
    The Police Corps Grants Program is intended to address 
violent crime by increasing the number of police with advanced 
education and training on community patrol; and to provide 
educational assistance to students who possess a sincere 
interest in public service through law enforcement. The 
program, which requires a 4-year service obligation by 
scholarship recipients, is expected to provide the necessary 
incentives to attract and retain young men and women to a 
career in law enforcement.

                         counterterrorism fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $34,220,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      26,398,000
House allowance.........................................      26,898,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              26,898,000

    The Committee recommends $26,898,000 for the 
counterterrorism fund which was established in Public Law 104-
19, the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Additional 
Disaster Assistance, for Anti-Terrorism Initiatives, for 
Assistance in the Recovery from the Tragedy that Occurred at 
Oklahoma City, and Rescissions Act, 1995. This fund is under 
the control and direction of the Attorney General, to: (1) 
cover the extraordinary and contingency costs that have 
occurred and are expected to occur as a result of the Oklahoma 
City bombing, and (2) to cover costs related to any potential 
or actual future domestic or international terrorist act.
    The Committee recommendation of $26,898,000 is identical to 
the amounts provided in the House-passed bill. It is $500,000 
more than the amount requested by the President, and $7,322,000 
below the emergency appropriations provided in Public Law 104-
19.
    Of the amount provided, $1,500,000 is for payments to State 
and local law enforcement agencies for their assistance in 
emergency situations. In addition, $2,500,000 is provided for 
payment of rewards in accordance with section 106 of this act.
    Because there may be necessary expenses that arise in such 
events that are not known at the present time, the Committee 
recommendation allows the Attorney General to make the 
determination on a case-by-case basis of the necessary expenses 
which may be covered by funds appropriated to this account. The 
Attorney General may also use these funds to engage in 
planning, and the executions of plans, related to upcoming 
significant events which offer the potential of being targeted 
for acts of terrorism.
    The Attorney General is required to notify the Committees 
on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate in accordance with section 605 of this act, prior to the 
obligation of any funds from this account.

                   Administrative Review and Appeals

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     $87,516,000
House allowance.........................................      87,516,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              86,666,000

    The recommendation would provide funding of $86,666,000 for 
fiscal year 1996, of which $14,347,000 is provided from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund, $850,000 less in total 
budget resources than either the request or the House-passed 
level.
    The Committee recommends the establishment of a new 
appropriation account for administrative review and appeals, 
consistent with the budget request. These activities were 
previously carried out under the ``General administration, 
salaries and expenses'' account. These activities include: (1) 
the Executive Office for Immigration Review [EOIR], which 
includes the Board of Immigration Appeals, immigration judges, 
and administrative law judges who decide through administrative 
hearings whether to admit or exclude aliens seeking to enter 
the country, and whether to deport or adjust the status of 
aliens whose status has been challenged; and (2) the Office of 
the Pardon Attorney which receives, investigates and considers 
petitions for all forms of Executive clemency.
    The Committee recommendation includes $85,502,000 for the 
Executive Office for Immigration Review [EOIR], which 
represents an increase of $35,802,000 over the current year 
appropriation. This increase fully supports the request for 106 
additional attorneys and support positions for the immigration 
reform initiative. Of the total amount provided for EOIR, 
$14,347,000 is for expanded special deportation proceedings 
under the violent crime reduction trust fund.

                      Office of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $30,484,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      36,744,000
House allowance.........................................      30,484,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              30,484,000

    The Committee recommends $30,484,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General for fiscal year 1996. This amount is 
$6,260,000 below the request. The recommendation equals both 
the current year appropriation and the House allowance.
    The Committee recommendation assumes that the inspector 
general will continue to receive full reimbursement for 
services provided to the U.S. trustees and the Environmental 
Protection Agency. However, the Committee did not include the 
requested base transfer of $5,000,000 from the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service [INS] to conduct audits of INS 
activities. Instead, this base transfer is provided to the 
``General Administration'' account for additional management 
and financial oversight of INS. The Committee expects that to 
the extent audits are planned for nonappropriated accounts for 
the INS, subject to the reprogramming requirements of section 
605 of this act, the inspector general may be reimbursed from 
these accounts.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, which makes: (1) up to 
$10,000 of this appropriation available for emergencies of a 
confidential nature; and (2) funds available for the 
acquisition of motor vehicles.

                         U.S. Parole Commission

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $7,450,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       6,781,000
House allowance.........................................       5,446,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               5,446,000

    This Commission is an independent body within the 
Department of Justice which makes decisions regarding requests 
for parole and supervision of Federal prisoners.
    The Committee recommends $5,446,000 for the Parole 
Commission for fiscal year 1996. This amount is $2,004,000 less 
than the current year appropriation, is $1,335,000 below the 
request, and is the same as the House allowance.
    The Parole Commission is scheduled to terminate by November 
1, 1997, as a result of the creation of sentencing guidelines. 
The Committee's recommendation assumes that the Commission's 
staff will be reduced by at least one-third from the current 
staffing level.

                            Legal Activities

                        general legal activities

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $421,434,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     444,651,000
House allowance.........................................     409,520,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             434,651,000

    This appropriation supports the Attorney General through 
the establishment of litigation policy, conduct of litigation, 
and various other legal responsibilities, through the Office of 
the Solicitor General, the Tax Division, the Criminal Division, 
the Civil Division, the Environmental and Natural Resources 
Division, the Civil Rights Division, the Office of Legal 
Counsel, Interpol, and the Office of Special Counsel for 
Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices.
    The Committee recommends a total of $434,651,000 for 
general legal activities for fiscal year 1996, of which 
$2,991,000 is provided from the violent crime reduction trust 
fund [VCRTF] as authorized in the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322). The total amount 
recommended is $13,217,000 more than current year funding, is 
$10,000,000 less than the request, and is $25,131,000 more than 
the House allowance.
    The $2,991,000 derived from the VCRTF is to sustain the 
full cost of civil division attorneys for deportation of 
criminal aliens. In addition, as part of counterterrorism 
activities in this bill, the Committee recommends $2,207,000 
for the criminal division to support 15 positions, including 10 
attorneys, for expert assistance in the prosecution of the 
Oklahoma City bombing case and other international and domestic 
terrorism investigations.
    The Committee recommendation recognizes that the vast 
majority of Federal prosecution occurs not in Washington, DC, 
but in field offices of the Department of Justice located 
across the country. As part of this effort, the Committee has 
allocated $10,000,000 of funds requested for general legal 
activities to the U.S. attorneys offices for increased 
prosecution of violent crime. The Committee intends that this 
reduction in the request will not negatively impact the 
operations of the Criminal Division, the Civil Rights Division, 
or operations relating to immigration.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, which: (1) allows up to 
$20,000 for expenses of collecting evidence; (2) makes up to 
$10,000,000 for litigation support contracts available until 
expended; (3) makes up to $22,618,000 for office automation 
systems available until expended; (4) makes up to $1,000 
available to the U.S. National Central Bureau--Interpol for 
reception and representation expenses; and (5) allows 
acceptance of gifts for hosting the 1996 Interpol regional 
conference.

               the national childhood vaccine injury act

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $2,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       4,028,000
House allowance.........................................       4,028,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               4,028,000

    The Committee recommends a reimbursement of $4,028,000 for 
fiscal year 1996 from the vaccine injury compensation trust 
fund to cover Justice Department expenses associated with 
litigating cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986. This represents an increase of $1,528,000 over the 
current year appropriation to handle increased workload.

                 civil liberties public education fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $5,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       5,000,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommendation provides no additional funds 
for educational activities pursuant to section 106(b) of the 
Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Current year funding is $5,000,000 
for expenses of a nine member Board of Directors to reprint the 
findings of the President's Commission on Wartime Relocation 
and Internment of Civilians and to sponsor exhibits, 
publications, and oral histories about the internment 
experiences of Japanese-Americans. Because not all of the 
Directors have been named and/or confirmed by the Senate, the 
Department of Justice projects that the entire $5,000,000 
available in the current year will carryover into 1996 and will 
be available for expenditure. This estimate was provided to the 
Committee by the Department of Justice on August 18, 1995.

                           Antitrust Division

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $41,003,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      43,490,000
House allowance.........................................      20,881,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              20,881,000

    The Antitrust Division investigates potential violations of 
Federal antitrust laws, represents the interests of the United 
States in cases brought under these laws, acts on antitrust 
cases before the Supreme Court, and reviews decisions of 
regulatory commissions relating to antitrust law.
    The Committee recommendation assumes a total of $85,143,000 
in budget (obligational) authority for the Antitrust Division 
for fiscal year 1996. This amount is the same as the amount 
provided in the current year and in the House allowance. Of 
this amount, $48,262,000 will be derived from anticipated fee 
collections in fiscal year 1996, and $16,000,000 will be 
derived from unobligated fiscal year 1995 fee collections, 
resulting in a net direct appropriation of $20,881,000.
    The Committee expects the Antitrust Division to give 
highest priority to the timely review and processing of 
premerger notification filings under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act.
    The recommendation includes bill language for the Antitrust 
Division, similar to that included in previous fiscal years, 
which: (1) allows $48,262,000 in fees to be credited to this 
account; (2) reduces appropriated funds as fees are collected; 
and (3) makes fees in excess of $48,262,000 available until 
expended in fiscal year 1997. Language proposed in the budget 
is also included which adds the phrase ``from the general 
fund'' to make it clear that the source of appropriated funding 
for the Division is the general fund of the U.S. Treasury.

                             U.S. Attorneys

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $852,824,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     939,194,000
House allowance.........................................     911,556,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             950,537,000

    This account supports the Executive Office for U.S. 
attorneys and the 94 U.S. attorneys offices throughout the 
United States and its territories. The U.S. attorneys serve as 
the principal litigators for the U.S. Government for criminal, 
civil, and debt collection matters.
    The Committee recommends a total of $950,537,000 for the 
U.S. attorneys for fiscal year 1996, of which $30,000,000 is 
provided from the violent crime reduction trust fund [VCRTF] as 
authorized in Public Law 103-322. The total amount provided is 
an increase of $97,713,000 above current year funding, 
$11,343,000 above the request, and $38,981,000 above the House 
allowance.
    Funding provided by the Committee's recommendation for 
increased funding for U.S. attorneys complements increased 
funding for law enforcement elsewhere in this title. Increased 
law enforcement efforts would have little impact upon violent 
crime in our society without adequate resources for effective 
prosecution. The Committee directs that the full $30,000,000 in 
VCRTF funding for this account be used to supplement the 
prosecution of criminal cases. The Committee recommendation 
fully funds immigration-related activities from discretionary 
appropriations. In addition, the Committee has allocated 
$10,000,000 from the request for the ``General legal 
activities'' account to the U.S. attorneys offices for the 
prosecution of criminal cases.
    The Committee is concerned about the mismanagement which 
led to hiring of more employees than the current year budget 
for U.S. attorneys can sustain. This Committee's strong support 
for the mission of the U.S. attorneys does not extend to 
careless hiring practices. In view of the increased funding 
recommended for this account in the accompanying bill, the 
Committee directs the Justice Department to provide a report to 
the Committee by October 1, 1995, which: (1) provides a status 
report on personnel levels at U.S. attorney offices, (2) 
outlines a plan addressing the problem of overhiring without 
impacting efforts to prosecute criminal cases; and (3) outlines 
management controls to ensure that such hiring practices do not 
recur.
    The Committee recommendation includes $16,288,000 for U.S. 
attorneys to support the command center established in Oklahoma 
City to handle the investigation and prosecution of those 
involved in the Oklahoma bombing and any other activities that 
may be related to this incident, and to enhance security at 
U.S. attorneys offices that occupy leased space. Of this 
amount, $10,000,000 is provided for x ray and scanning 
equipment and contract security officers at 109 U.S. attorneys 
offices that currently occupy leased space. Bill language is 
included that allows $4,000,000 of these resources to remain 
available until expended for purchase of the security 
equipment.
    The Committee recommendation does not provide continued 
funding of the violent crime task force initiative provided in 
1995.
    The Committee provides that, of the amounts available to 
the Department of Justice in this act, up to $6,000,000 may be 
allocated to fund supervision of the 1996 International 
Brotherhood of Teamsters election, subject either to the 
reprogramming authorities provided in section 605 of this act 
or the transfer authorities in section 107 of this act.
    The Committee notes that the pilot debt collection program 
Congress established to make use of private entities has proven 
effective to recover some of the billions in outstanding nontax 
debts owed to the Federal Government. To the extent possible 
within the resources provided, the Committee directs the 
Department of Justice to expand this pilot program.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, which: (1) makes up to 
$2,500,000 for debt collection purposes available until 
September 30, 1997; (2) makes up to $10,000,000 for automated 
litigation support contracts available until expended; and (3) 
makes available up to $8,000 to be used for official reception 
and representation expenses.

                        u.s. trustee system fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $62,586,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      65,054,000
House allowance.........................................      57,405,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              58,992,000

    The U.S. trustee system provides administrative support to 
expeditiously move bankruptcy cases through the bankruptcy 
process and ensures accountability of private trustees 
appointed to administer bankruptcy estates and with regard to 
debtors. This system was authorized in Public Law 99-554, the 
Bankruptcy Judges, U.S. Trustees, and Family Farmer Bankruptcy 
Act of 1986. It also established a U.S. trustee system fund in 
the U.S. Treasury, and provided for the collection of fees into 
the fund to finance program operations.
    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$103,183,000 in budget (obligational) authority for the U.S. 
trustees for fiscal year 1996. This is the same as current year 
authority, is $6,062,000 below the budget request, and is 
$1,587,000 above the House allowance. Of this amount, 
$44,191,000 will be derived from anticipated offsetting fee 
collections, resulting in a net direct appropriation of 
$58,992,000 from the U.S. trustee system fund.
    As requested, the Committee recommendation includes an 
extension of the quarterly fee payments made under chapter 11 
to include the period after a reorganization plan has been 
confirmed by the bankruptcy court until the case has been 
dismissed.
    The recommendation also includes bill language which: (1) 
allows deposits to the U.S. trustee system fund to be used to 
pay refunds due depositors; (2) allows $44,191,000 in 
offsetting fee collections to be retained and used for 
necessary expenses in this appropriation; (3) reduces 
appropriated funds as such fees are collected; and (4) makes 
offsetting fee collections in excess of $44,191,000 available 
until expended in fiscal year 1997.

                  foreign claims settlement commission

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $830,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         905,000
House allowance.........................................         830,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 905,000

    The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission settles claims of 
American citizens arising out of nationalization, 
expropriation, or other takings of their properties and 
interests by foreign governments. The Committee recommends the 
full request of $905,000 for the foreign claims settlement 
commission for fiscal year 1996. This amount is $75,000 above 
both the current year appropriation and the House allowance.

                         U.S. Marshals Service

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $396,782,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     463,387,000
House allowance.........................................     443,973,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             454,639,000

    The U.S. Marshals Service is made up of 94 U.S. marshals 
offices with the responsibility for the protection of the 
Federal judiciary, protection of witnesses, execution of 
warrants and court orders, and the custody and transportation 
of unsentenced prisoners.
    The Committee recommends $454,639,000 for the U.S. Marshals 
Service for fiscal year 1996, of which $15,000,000 will be 
provided from the violent crime reduction trust fund [VCRTF] as 
authorized in Public Law 103-322. This amount is $57,857,000 
above the current year appropriation, $8,748,000 less than the 
request, and $10,666,000 above the House allowance.
    The recommendation provides VCRTF funding to ensure the 
security of 31 new and expanded Federal courthouses scheduled 
to open in 1996. This includes funds for equipment and 
communications expenses in new courthouse locations, and 
personnel to staff courthouses.
    The Committee recommendation is less than the amended 
budget request because the Committee already funded a portion 
of the fiscal year 1996 needs for security in supplemental 
appropriations in response to an amended budget request in the 
wake of the Oklahoma City bombing. This funding was for 
security personnel staff and equipment for the trial and 
prosecution of persons involved in the Oklahoma bombing and to 
correct security deficiencies at existing Federal courthouses.
    The Committee recommendation fully funds all requested 
needs for the U.S. marshals for fiscal year 1996. This includes 
items such as extraordinary security requirements, inservice 
training courses, improvements to computer security information 
systems, and equipment upgrades.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows up 
to $6,000 to be used for official reception and representation 
expenses, and allows for the acquisition of motor vehicles for 
police-type use without regard to the general purchase price 
limitation.

                       federal prisoner detention

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $296,753,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     295,331,000
House allowance.........................................     250,331,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             295,331,000

    Under this program, the U.S. marshals contract with State 
and local jails and private facilities to house unsentenced 
Federal prisoners for short periods of time usually before and 
during trial and while awaiting transfer to Federal 
institutions after conviction. The Committee has renamed this 
account to more accurately describe the activities funded in 
this account by the U.S. Marshals Service.
    The Committee recommendation includes a direct 
appropriation of $295,331,000 for Federal prisoner detention 
for fiscal year 1996, the full amount requested in the budget. 
This amount is $1,442,000 below the appropriation for the 
current year, and is $45,000,000 above the House allowance, 
which assumed $40,000,000 in carryover balances that more 
recent estimates indicate will not be available.

                     fees and expenses of witnesses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $77,982,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      85,000,000
House allowance.........................................      85,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              85,000,000

    This account provides for fees and expenses of witnesses 
who appear on behalf of the Government in cases in which the 
United States is a party, including fact and expert witnesses. 
These funds are also used for mental competency examinations, 
and witness/informant protection.
    The Committee recommends $85,000,000 for fees and expenses 
of witnesses for fiscal year 1996. This amount is the full 
budget estimate for this program, which is considered mandatory 
for budget scorekeeping purposes.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) up to $4,750,000 for protected witness safe sites; (2) up 
to $1,000,000 for the purchase and maintenance of armored 
vehicles for prisoner transportation; and (3) up to $4,000,000 
available for the purchase, installation and maintenance of a 
secure automated information system.

                      community relations service

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $20,379,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      20,695,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommendation provides no funding for the 
community relations service for fiscal year 1996, a decrease of 
$20,379,000 below current year funding and $20,695,000 below 
the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation provides $10,057,000 as 
requested, to resettle Cubans and Haitians entering the United 
States, but recommends that these funds be provided from the 
``Immigration examinations fee'' account within the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service.

                         assets forfeiture fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $50,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      55,000,000
House allowance.........................................      35,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              35,000,000

    This account provides funds to supplement existing 
resources to cover additional investigative expenses of the 
FBI, DEA, INS, and U.S. marshals, such as awards for 
information, purchase of evidence, equipping of conveyances and 
investigative expenses leading to seizure. Funds for these 
activities are provided from receipts deposited in the assets 
forfeiture fund resulting from the forfeiture of assets. 
Expenses related to the management and disposal of assets are 
also provided from the assets forfeiture fund, by a permanent 
indefinite appropriation.
    The Committee recommends $35,000,000 for the assets 
forfeiture fund for fiscal year 1996. This amount is 
$15,000,000 below current year funding, $20,000,000 below the 
request, and the same as the House allowance.

                    Radiation Exposure Compensation

                        administrative expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $2,655,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       2,655,000
House allowance.........................................       2,655,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               2,655,000

    This program was established to permit the payment of 
claims to individuals exposed to radiation as a result of 
atmospheric nuclear tests and uranium mining in accordance with 
the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act of 1990.
    The Committee recommends $2,655,000, the full amount 
requested and the same level as the current year appropriation 
and the House allowance, for the expenses of the Civil Division 
necessary to handle claims and litigation arising from the 
Radiation Exposure Compensation Act.

          payment to the radiation exposure compensation fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     $16,264,000
House allowance.........................................      16,264,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              16,264,000

    The Committee recommendation includes an advance 
appropriation of $16,264,000 for fiscal year 1997 to make 
payments to approved claimants under the Radiation Exposure 
Compensation Act of 1990. The Committee understands that the 
request of $16,264,000 for 1996 is no longer required due to a 
projected balance in the radiation exposure compensation trust 
fund that will be available for projected payments in 1996. The 
Committee was informed on August 18, 1995 by the Department of 
Justice that $37,000,000 would carryover into fiscal year 1996 
and would be used for payment of claims.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement

                 Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $374,943,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     387,473,000
House allowance.........................................     374,943,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             359,843,000

    The Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement Program, through 
its 13 regional task forces, utilizes the combined resources 
and expertise of its 11 member Federal agencies, in cooperation 
with State and local investigators and prosecutors, to target 
and destroy major narcotics trafficking and money laundering 
organizations. Through this program, the Committee provides 
$75,550,000 to the Treasury Department, $868,000 to the Coast 
Guard, and $1,552,000 for an administrative office.
    The Committee recommends $359,843,000 for interagency crime 
and drug enforcement for fiscal year 1996, $15,100,000 below 
fiscal year 1995 funding levels, $15,100,000 below the House 
allowance, and $18,630,000 below the request.
    Although the Committee supports interagency coordination in 
the fight against crime, many of the administrative 
requirements that apply to participating agencies in these 
appear to add another layer of redtape and overhead costs to 
investigations with little operational benefit. The Committee 
notes that this coordinating function is now shared to varying 
degrees by three separate entities--Office of National Drug 
Control Policy, Office of Investigative Agency Policy, and 
OCDEF.
    The Committee urges the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget to move the resources provided in this 
account to the participating agencies budgets in the fiscal 
year 1997 budget to: (1) help keep administrative costs to a 
minimum; (2) ensure that to the extent possible money provided 
for law enforcement is directed to those at the front line in 
the fight against crime; and (3) more accurately reflect each 
agency's role in the Federal crime-fighting efforts.
    The House bill provided $75,550,000 to the Treasury 
Department, $868,000 to the Coast Guard, and $1,552,000 for an 
administrative office. The recommendation would reduce support 
for these agencies' operations contained by 20 percent.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous appropriations acts, which: (1) allows for 
intergovernmental agreements; (2) makes $50,000,000 available 
until expended; (3) allows funds to be used under existing 
authorities available to participating organizations; and (4) 
allows the Attorney General to reallocate unobligated balances 
among participating organizations.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $2,280,735,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   2,518,511,000
House allowance.........................................   2,332,081,000

Committee recommendation

                                                           2,607,841,000

    The Committee recommends a total operating level of 
$2,656,781,000 for the Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI] 
for fiscal year 1996, which includes $48,940,000 of resources 
available in 1996 from the supplemental appropriation provided 
in 1995 for expenses related to the Oklahoma City bombing, a 
direct appropriation of $2,607,841,000 and $282,500,000 from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund pursuant to Senate bill 
735, Comprehensive Terrorism Prevention Act of 1995, as passed 
by the Senate on June 7, 1995. This operating level is 
$376,046,000 above the appropriation for the current year and 
$89,330,000 above the budget request. The Committee assumes the 
availability of 25,425 direct-funded FTE's for the FBI for 
fiscal year 1996, an increase of 1,253 FTE's above fiscal year 
1995 levels.
    The Committee recommendation includes more than 
$350,000,000 to support and enhance the FBI's investigative 
capabilities in responding to major terrorism incidents and 
activities around the world. Of these funds, $277,000,000, 
including $107,720,000 in program increases, are derived from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund [VCRTF], as authorized 
in section 521 of Senate bill 735. The Committee notes that 
Senate bill 735 passed the Senate on a vote of 91 to 8 on June 
7, 1995. The Committee recommendation grants no new powers or 
authorities to the FBI. Program increases recommended by the 
Committee include:
  +$39,121,000 for 125 new FBI agents for enhanced 
        counterterrorism, foreign counterintelligence, and 
        other national security related activities;
  +$50,000,000 from the VCRTF for digital telephony equipment, 
        research, and experimentation which will increase the 
        FBI's capacity to conduct court-approved wiretaps;
  +$1,400,000 from the VCRTF for personnel to staff the FBI's 
        Strategic Information Operations Center for better 
        coordination of law enforcement agencies in emergency 
        situations;
  +$13,500,000 from the VCRTF to enhance the FBI's forensic 
        services, including $9,900,000 to modernize FBI 
        forensic laboratory equipment and $2,600,000 for 75 
        forensic examiners, technicians, and support personnel, 
        to improve the FBI's ability to analyze evidence 
        recovered at the scenes of bombings and other terrorist 
        acts;
  +$2,900,000 from the VCRTF to provide emergency response 
        teams with proper equipment and tools for the 
        collection and processing of crime scene evidence;
  +$35,400,000 from the VCRTF for an enhanced tactical 
        operations development and acquisition program;
  +$4,520,000 from the VCRTF for aviation support;
  +$1,500,000 to upgrade the hostage/barricade data base; and
  +$3,500,000 to establish a gang/terrorist data base for NCIC 
        2000.
    Digital telephony.--Funding of $50,000,000 is provided from 
the VCRTF for research efforts and engineering services to 
develop new techniques and equipment to perform court-approved 
wiretaps and interceptions of communications. The Committee 
understands that the use of wiretaps and other electronic 
surveillance is critical to counterterrorism, criminal, and 
counterintelligence investigations. This funding does not 
provide the FBI with any new authorities. It simply provides 
enhanced resources for current authorities.
    Other violent crime fund initiatives.--The Committee 
recommendation also includes program increases from the violent 
crime reduction trust fund which include:
  +$5,500,000 for the FBI's combined DNA index system; and
  +$2,000,000 for computerized automation and technology 
        improvements at the FBI Training Academy.
    National Crime Information Center 2000 [NCIC 2000] and 
integrated automated fingerprint system [IAFIS].--Since 1991, 
Congress has provided $73,000,000 to upgrade the 25-year-old 
NCIC system which is managed by the FBI and used by more than 
72,000 local, State, and Federal agencies. NCIC is a critical 
online law enforcement data base that routinely handles between 
1 and 4 million transactions per day. A contract was awarded in 
March 1993 for the development of the new system with an 
expected initial operating capacity in March 1995. The FBI now 
advises that: (1) the cost for completing this project will be 
much higher than originally estimated; and (2) initial 
deployment has been delayed significantly. Upon receiving this 
information, the Committee urged the FBI to renegotiate the 
contract on this project with a firm cost estimate for 
completion of the project and penalties for additional delays. 
The Committee urges that once these negotiations are complete, 
the Director of the FBI should make completion of the contract 
on time and within budget a top management priority.
    Similarly, the Committee is concerned about schedule delays 
within the IAFIS project. The Committee is particularly 
concerned that while the FBI will have entered into contracts 
on each of the four IAFIS segments by the end of this calendar 
year, it does not appear that the issues related to integration 
of these component systems have been adequately addressed. 
Again, the Committee urges the Director of the FBI to make 
management of this important project a top priority.
    The Committee expects the FBI to provide a status report on 
both of these technical projects by November 15, 1995. The 
Committee expects the FBI to provide the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees with quarterly progress reports on 
these projects beginning in December 1995. In addition, the 
Committee is aware that the FBI has approximately $48,000,000 
in base resources available as a result of lapses in 
backfilling a large number of agents that have retired. The 
Committee believes that to the maximum extent possible the FBI 
should use these available resources in 1995 to: (1) address 
expected cost overruns in the NCIC 2000 and IAFIS projects; and 
(2) offset equipment needs for new hires in 1996.
    The Committee wants to ensure that resources provided to 
the Department of Justice are coordinated in the most effective 
way to address the Nation's most important crime problem--
violent crime. The Committee is concerned that the Department 
lacks an overall strategic plan that outlines the goals, 
actions, and expected results of these and future efforts to 
combat violent crime. The Committee, therefore, directs the 
Office of Investigative Agencies Policy to develop a 5-year 
strategic plan that is focused on reducing violent crime in 
this country and provide this plan to the Committee by March 1, 
1996.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for purchase of passenger vehicles without regard to 
general purchase price limitations, and the acquisition and 
operation of aircraft; (2) up to $70,000 for unforeseen 
emergencies; (3) up to $50,000,000 for ADP, telecommunications, 
and technical equipment, and up to $1,000,000 for undercover 
operations to remain available until September 30, 1997; (4) up 
to $98,400,000 for research and development to remain available 
until expended; (5) up to $10,000,000 to reimburse State and 
local police for assistance related to violent crime, 
terrorism, and drug investigations; (6) $1,500,000 for an IAFIS 
program office; and (7) up to $45,000 for official reception 
and representation expenses. New language is also included as a 
general provision that allows surcharges currently collected 
for fingerprint checks to be used to offset the costs of NCIC 
2000 development in addition to automation of fingerprint 
identification services. Bill language which specified the 
amount for the fingerprint identification system is no longer 
included. However, the Committee expects that of the resources 
provided, $84,400,000 will be used for expenses related to 
automation of fingerprint identification services. Any change 
to this amount requires notification to the Committee pursuant 
to reprogramming requirements outlined in section 605.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     $99,259,000
House allowance.........................................      98,400,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             147,800,000

    The Committee recommends $147,800,000 for construction for 
the FBI, which is $48,541,000 more than the requested amount, 
and $49,400,000 more than the House allowance.
    The recommendation includes $10,000,000 to complete 
renovations, equipment, and telecommunications upgrades for the 
FBI's Strategic Information Operations Center as authorized in 
section 521 of Senate bill 735, the Comprehensive Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 1995, as passed by the Senate 91-8. These 
renovations are needed to give Federal, State, and local law 
enforcement the ability to address multiple sites and incidents 
concurrently, and to support the centralized coordination of 
law enforcement for major incidents such as the Oklahoma City 
bombing.
    The Committee has also provided $88,400,000 for 
architectural design, site planning, and the first phase of 
construction of a new FBI laboratory facility, as authorized by 
Senate bill 735. This is the same amount recommended by the 
House. The existing FBI laboratory facility, located in the FBI 
headquarters building in downtown Washington, DC, is inadequate 
for current needs. There are continuing safety concerns related 
to having this 25-year-old facility in a multistory office 
building in a densely populated area. The FBI laboratory is 
critical to examining crime evidence and solving criminal and 
terrorist cases. In addition, State and local law enforcement 
entities depend on FBI laboratory services which are not 
available through local or regional facilities. The Committee 
understands that a new facility would permit the use of new 
technologies and would allow the collocation of forensic 
science research and development activities, which are 
currently housed at the FBI Training Academy, with the 
operational components of the FBI laboratory.
    The Committee expects the FBI to provide a construction 
plan and timeline for completion of this facility by November 
15, 1995.
    The Committee has provided $30,500,000, as authorized by 
Senate bill 735, to provide critical renovations, expand 
capacity, modernize firearms training, and other upgrades at 
the FBI Academy at Quantico, VA. The Committee understands that 
much of the FBI physical plant was constructed in the early 
1970's and is in need of repair.
    Finally, the recommendation provides $18,900,000 for 
construction of the FBI Technical Support Center, as authorized 
by Senate bill 735. The Committee recognizes the need to 
establish a national law enforcement technical capability to 
address the increasing problem that encryption poses to law 
enforcement at the Federal, State, and local level.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $756,513,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     810,168,000
House allowance.........................................     793,488,000
Committee recommendation................................     850,000,000

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$897,241,000 for the Drug Enforcement Administration [DEA] for 
fiscal year 1996, of which $47,241,000 is derived from the 
diversion control fund, and $60,000,000 is derived from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund as authorized by Senate bill 
735, the Comprehensive Terrorism Prevention Act of 1995, as 
passed by the Senate 91 to 8 on June 7, 1995. This amount is 
$39,832,000 higher than the budget request, $56,512,000 higher 
than the House allowance, and $93,487,000 above the funding 
level for the current year.
    In recent years, DEA support personnel and infrastructure 
resources have failed to keep pace with the growing complexity 
and sophistication of drug trafficking and distribution 
operations. The Committee recommends giving the DEA the tools 
it needs to properly wage the war on drugs.
    The recommendation includes the following increases:
  +$7,700,000 for contract linguists to assist in international 
        drug trafficking investigations;
  +$2,000,000 to help restore the capabilities of the DEA 
        laboratory;
  +$6,000,000 to purchase aircraft and replacement parts;
  +$10,500,000 for digital telephony and voice privacy radios; 
        and
  +$10,500,000 to redeploy agents where they are most needed.
    The Committee recommendation provides for requested 
adjustments to base, including the cost of the 1996 pay raise. 
Of this amount, $12,000,000 is provided from the violent crime 
reduction trust fund to ensure that the increase of 311 agents 
and 125 support personnel provided in 1995 will be fully funded 
in 1996.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) up to $70,000 for unforeseen emergencies; (2) for expenses 
for drug education and training; (3) purchase of passenger 
vehicles without regard to general purchase price limitations, 
and acquisition and operation of aircraft; (4) up to $1,800,000 
for research to remain available until expended; (5) up to 
$4,000,000 for evidence and information, up to $4,000,000 for 
ADP and telecommunications, and up to $2,000,000 for technical 
and laboratory equipment to remain available until September 
30, 1997; and (6) up to $50,000 for official reception and 
representation expenses. In addition, new technical language is 
included that allows DEA to transfer $15,000,000 of the DEA 
appropriation used for the Diversion Control Program to the 
``Diversion control fee'' account to simplify the accounting 
and costs for that program. The Committee understands that 
currently the $15,000,000 is provided by a reimbursement 
agreement and that this change will not affect the amount of 
funding provided to the Diversion Control Program.

                 Immigration and Naturalization Service

                 (INCLUDING OFFSETTING FEE COLLECTIONS)

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $1,436,675,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................     633,315,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   1,788,969,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................     675,802,000
House allowance.........................................   1,736,023,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................     821,447,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,770,796,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................     821,447,000

    The Committee recommends total new budget (obligational) 
authority of $2,592,243,000 for the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service [INS] for fiscal year 1996 which 
includes $616,500,000 for the Border Patrol and $35,000,000 for 
construction provided under separate accounts. This is a net 
increase of $522,253,000 over the current fiscal year, 
$127,472,000 more than provided by the request and $34,773,000 
more than the House allowance. Of the total amount recommended, 
$292,662,000 is derived from the violent crime reduction trust 
fund, as authorized in Public Law 103-322, and $821,447,000 
will be derived from offsetting fee collections. This level of 
fees is based upon the most recent estimates of projected fee 
collections provided by INS.
    Recognizing the Federal Government's responsibility for 
enforcing our immigration laws, the Committee recommendation 
includes $379,200,000 in program increases for the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service which emphasize stopping illegal 
immigration at our borders and ensuring that persons who have 
entered the country illegally are detained and deported. The 
increases provide for over 3,400 new INS personnel--over 1,700 
more personnel on the front lines of the border, including 
1,300 new and redeployed Border Patrol agents and 400 new 
inspectors, and over 1,700 more investigations and detention 
and deportation personnel to locate, apprehend, and remove 
illegal aliens from the United States. In addition, 2,800 more 
detention beds will be available to detain illegal aliens.
    Because an increased border presence will help prevent 
illegal immigration and curb drug trafficking, the Committee 
recommends that resources of $616,500,000 for the Border 
Patrol, including $127,300,000 from the violent crime reduction 
trust fund, be provided under a separate budget account to 
ensure that resources provided for Border Patrol activities are 
not diverted to other INS priorities.
    The Committee's recommendations for specific accounts 
within the INS are described in more detail below.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $895,805,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   1,219,269,000
House allowance.........................................   1,152,323,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,119,296,000

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$1,119,296,000 for INS salaries and expenses, including 
$165,362,000 from the violent crime reduction trust fund as 
authorized in Public Law 103-322. The recommendation provides 
$223,491,000 more than the fiscal year 1995 funding level, 
$99,973,000 less than the request, and $33,027,000 less than 
the House allowance.
    Consistent with the House, the Committee recommendation 
provides for the full request for adjustments to base, and 
denies the administration's request that INS programs absorb 
the full cost--$7,210,000 and 100 FTE's--of the 1996 pay raise.
    Addressing the population of illegal aliens in the United 
States.--According to the most recent estimates provided by the 
INS, over 4 million illegal aliens currently reside in the 
United States. That number includes over 119,000 criminal 
aliens housed in Federal, State, and local prisons.
    The Committee recommendation emphasizes that within INS, 
funding for border control, enforcement, detention, and 
deportation should be top priorities.
    Detention and removal of deportable aliens.--The 
recommendation provides an increase of 1,400 positions, 702 
FTE's, and $141,216,000, of which $36,486,000 is from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund, to apprehend, locate, 
detain, and deport illegal aliens, including:
  +$47,437,000 and 418 detention personnel to increase 
        detention capacity by over 2,800 beds, including 1,836 
        detention beds in State and local detention facilities, 
        and 976 beds in INS detention centers;
  +$46,116,000, 171 investigations personnel, 310 detention and 
        deportation personnel, and 154 INS attorneys and legal 
        and management support, to fully support the 
        institutional hearing programs [IHP] in California, 
        Texas, Florida, New York, and Illinois, and expand the 
        IHP to Arizona and New Jersey. This program is a 
        coordinated effort involving the INS, the Executive 
        Office for Immigration Review, and Federal and State 
        correctional facilities, to identify, hold hearings, 
        and secure final orders of deportation for criminal 
        aliens while they are still serving their criminal 
        sentence;
  +$33,500,000 and 279 deportation personnel for removal of 
        abscondees, criminal aliens, and illegal aliens who 
        have been denied asylum, or administratively deported, 
        or apprehended from worksites;
  +$5,200,000 and 68 deportation personnel to support an 
        initiative to add warrants for arrest into the National 
        Crime Information Center [NCIC] for aliens who are 
        repeat offenders of reentry after deportation; and
  +$12,300,000 for the purchase of new buses and vehicles for 
        the transportation of detainees and for an optimization 
        study for the movement and detention of aliens. The 
        Committee is concerned about reports that the lack of 
        transportation resources in many parts of the country 
        has led INS officials in those areas to resort to what 
        is effectively an apprehend and release program, 
        allowing thousands of illegal aliens to remain in the 
        United States rather than be deported.
    Worksite enforcement and verification.--The Committee 
recommends an increase of 328 positions, 164 FTE's, and 
$41,100,000 to both investigate employers who hire illegal 
aliens, and support pilot projects to systematically verify 
immigration status of persons seeking employment, including:
  +$31,100,000 and 328 investigations personnel to backfill 
        Border Patrol agents who will be relocated from 
        interior offices where they are currently performing 
        employer sanctions enforcement activities, and to 
        expand targeted sanctions programs in industries that 
        have a high incidence of employing illegal workers; and
  +$10,000,000 to improve the accuracy of INS records, develop 
        pilots for verification systems, including the 
        expansion of the current INS telephone verification 
        system program.
    Immigration inspectors at land border ports of entry.--The 
Committee is aware that successful border enforcement may 
divert additional traffic to ports of entry, causing backups 
and discouraging legitimate travelers. The administration 
requested new inspectors to address this activity but chose to 
finance these positions with a new border crossing fee. The 
Committee rejects the proposed border crossing fee and 
consistent with the House, has provided $20,000,000 for 400 new 
inspectors by making cuts in other lower priority programs. The 
Committee also agrees with the House recommendation that the 
INS review its supervisory ratio and headquarters staffing in 
the inspections program and develop a plan to reduce this ratio 
and the number of staff at headquarters and move INS inspectors 
to front line activities. The Committee also expects that the 
entire 400 new inspectors provided in this recommendation be 
used as front line employees to staff lanes for the 
facilitation of legitimate traffic across the border. The INS 
should consult with the Appropriations Committees of both the 
House and Senate as to the activities and locations of these 
inspectors before these resources are deployed.
    Border control systems modernization.--A total of 
$158,500,000 is recommended, of which $114,453,000 is provided 
from the violent crime reduction trust fund, to continue the 
border systems modernization effort started last year. This 
initiative will provide for a fingerprint-based identification 
system and automated lookout, filing, and case-tracking 
systems. The Committee is concerned that automation efforts to 
date have focused almost entirely on one segment of the 
Southwest border. The Committee has provided additional 
resources above the request to ensure that this system is 
implemented elsewhere along the Southwest border for the 
maximum impact on illegal immigration.

Offsetting fee collections

    The Committee recommends a total of $821,447,000 in 
offsetting fee collections, an increase of $188,132,000 over 
the current year, to support activities related to the legal 
admission of persons into the United States. These activities 
are supported entirely by fees paid by persons who are either 
traveling internationally or are applying for immigration 
benefits. The following increases are recommended:
    Inspections user fees.--An anticipated increase of 
$26,132,000 in revenues from persons paying fees on 
international flights or sea travel will support the following 
inspections activities:
  +$7,121,000 for adjustments to base activities including 84 
        FTE's for inspectors added in 1995; and
  +$19,011,000 to upgrade automated lookout systems at 
        airports, including upgrades to the interagency border 
        inspection system [IBIS] to include the electronic data 
        exchange of visa information between INS and the 
        Department of State overseas posts; the development of 
        electronic arrival and departure records; and a pilot 
        system of exit controls in conjunction with the 
        Department of State.
    Immigration examinations fees.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $450,217,000 of spending from 
offsetting collections from persons applying for immigration 
benefits. This represents an increase of $159,120,000 over the 
level approved for 1995 and includes the following:
  +$13,475,000 for adjustments to base, including pay raises 
        and inflation;
  +$135,588,000 and 1,351 FTE's to support naturalization, 
        adjustment of status processing, mail and data entry, 
        refugee processing in Moscow and Cuba, and improvements 
        to the ASK IMMIGRATION telephone system; and
  +$10,057,000 to support the costs of resettlement activities 
        of the Cuban and Haitian entrant program that will be 
        transferred from the Community Relations Service.
    Land border inspections fees.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $5,965,000 in spending from the land border inspection 
fund. Fees are generated under this account for the 
implementation of pilot programs such as dedicated commuter 
lanes along the northern border and in California. The 
Committee does not include language requested by the 
administration that would remove the prohibition for collection 
of fees for these projects elsewhere along the southern border. 
Currently, fees can only be collected in California.
    The Committee recognizes that the Peace Arch Crossing Entry 
[PACE] program dedicated commuter lane has been a major success 
at the Blaine, WA, area port of entry, helping to ease border 
congestion and improving the local and regional economy. The 
new United States-Canada shared border accord has resulted in 
an expansion by Canada of the CANPASS/PACE Program to the 
commercial crossing at Pacific Highway at Blaine, WA, and 
Sumas, WA,/Huntingdon, BC, crossing.
    The Committee also recognizes that Washington State has 
dedicated $2,700,000 in State transportation funds--conditioned 
on Federal match--to widen the Pacific Highway crossing from 
two-lanes to four-lanes and lengthen the PACE lane on 
Interstate 5.
    Therefore, the Committee encourages the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service to work with the Cascadia Cross-Border 
Working Group to expand the PACE Program on the United States 
side to match the Canadian program enhancements pursuant to the 
goals of the accord. Funds for the expansion should come from 
unencumbered fund balance from the PACE program funds.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) up to $50,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies and up to 
$5,000 to be used for official reception and representation 
expenses; (2) for the purchase of motor vehicles for police-
type use and for uniforms, without regard to general purchase 
price limitations; (3) for the acquisition and operation of 
aircraft and for immigration-related research; (4) up to 
$400,000 for research to be available until expended; (5) up to 
$25,000 to be paid to individual employees for overtime; and 
(6) up to $10,000,000 for basic officer training.
    Inspections staffing at Miami International Airport.--The 
Committee is concerned that Miami International Airport [MIA] 
is experiencing severe delays in processing of arriving 
international passengers by INS officials. Due to the 
understaffing of these INS inspectors at this airport, delays 
of up to 2 hours in length are occurring during peak arrival 
times, thus causing arriving passengers to miss connecting 
flights to other domestic and international destinations. This 
understaffing may also create a limitation of capacity of MIA 
which is in direct violation of bilateral air agreements. 
Therefore, the Committee directs INS to implement staff levels 
consistent with past years INS staffing models plus projected 
passenger increases for fiscal year 1996.
    Inspections staffing at Honolulu International Airport.--
The Committee is concerned that since port-of-entry status has 
been extended to Keahole-Kona International Airport on the 
Island of Hawaii and Kahului Airport on the Island of Maui, INS 
may relocate inspectors at Honolulu International Airport [HIA] 
to staff the Hawaii and Maui facilities. Reallocating staff 
from HIA to these other facilities could increase inspection 
times at HIA. The Committee expects that sufficient INS 
personnel will be assigned to HIA to alleviate the possibility 
of inordinate delays.
    Operation Alliance.--The Committee's recommendation 
includes the full level of resources provided in the current 
year that is dedicated to Operation Alliance. This operation is 
a multiagency entity whose primary mission is to facilitate and 
improve the coordination of the drug-related law enforcement 
organizations operating in the Southwest border area of the 
United States. The Committee supports the continued program 
levels for Operation Alliance.
    INS management reforms.--The Committee's recommendation 
includes a $5,000,000 base transfer from the INS to the 
Department of Justice, ``General administration'' account for 
additional oversight of INS financial and management 
activities. It is expected that the Department will provide 
greater financial and management assistance to the INS in the 
form of personnel details and special oversight of hiring and 
contracting to implement the immigration reform initiative. To 
minimize the impact of this transfer on appropriate management 
activities, the Committee directs a 50-percent staff cut in the 
Office of Public Affairs and the Office of Congressional 
Affairs at INS. The Committee finds that personnel reporting 
directly to the Attorney General have been more responsive to 
congressional inquiries related to immigration than INS.

                             Border Patrol

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $460,870,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     569,700,000
House allowance.........................................     572,700,000
Committee recommendation................................     616,500,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $616,500,000 in 
budgetary resources to this new appropriations account, of 
which $127,300,000 is derived from the violent crime reduction 
trust fund as authorized in Public Law 103-322. The 
recommendation is $43,800,000 higher than the House allocation, 
$46,800,000 higher than the request, and $155,630,000 higher 
than the fiscal year 1995 funding level.
    Controlling our borders.--Each year more than 500 million 
people enter the country legally through inspection at ports of 
entry. In 1994, the Border Patrol apprehended 1,032,000 aliens 
who attempted to enter the country through illegal methods. The 
Border Patrol cannot accurately determine how many persons have 
avoided their detection and successfully entered the country 
illegally. At best, estimates by the Border Patrol, using the 
total number of aliens apprehended, indicate that the Border 
Patrol currently apprehends anywhere from one-third to one-half 
of all illegal crossers. In addition, substantial amounts of 
illegal drugs are transported across the Southwest border.
    For the past 2 years, this Committee has made hiring 
additional Border Patrol agents a funding priority. The 
Committee is concerned that despite clear guidance from 
Congress those resources have occasionally been diverted to 
other activities within INS. For example, a March 23, 1995, 
letter from the Attorney General to the Committee indicated 
that among other things, Border Patrol appropriations were 
incorrectly allocated by INS for payment of rent to the General 
Services Administration [GSA]. As a result, the Border Patrol 
will fall 369 agents short of adding the 700 agents provided by 
Congress in 1995. At a time when budgetary resources are scarce 
and Congress has made difficult choices in order to ensure that 
funding is provided to maintain the integrity of our Nation's 
borders, mismanagement of taxpayer funds by INS cannot be 
tolerated. To ensure that the funding provided by Congress is 
used for its intended purpose, a new separate account within 
the INS for Border Patrol salaries and expenses has been 
established.
    In addition to $494,194,000 of base resources requested by 
the administration to maintain the current strength of 4,529 
Border Patrol agents, and 1,704 support personnel, the 
Committee recommendation includes an increase of 1,300 
positions, 520 FTE's, and $122,306,000, of which $49,302,000 is 
provided from the violent crime reduction trust fund, for the 
Border Patrol, including:
  +$110,606,000 for 1,000 new Border Patrol agents, 300 support 
        personnel, and the relocation of 300 Border Patrol 
        agents from interior stations to the front lines of the 
        border; and
  +$11,700,000 for camera surveillance systems, fingerprinting 
        equipment, sensors, two additional helicopters, and 
        other force multipliers for the Border Patrol.
    The Committee recommendation fully funds the salaries and 
related expenses (including vehicles, personal equipment, 
training, and additional space) associated with the hiring of 
1,000 new Border Patrol agents and 300 support personnel. In 
addition, the Committee recommendation includes resources to 
transfer 300 Border Patrol agents from interior offices back to 
the front lines of the border, thereby providing 1,300 
additional agents on the front lines of the border by the end 
of fiscal year 1996.
    The Committee expects INS to develop a 5-year Border Patrol 
deployment plan which emphasizes staffing levels at the 
Southwest border to support the greatest areas of illegal 
traffic. The Committee directs that the 5-year plan contain 
staffing targets for each State for each year beginning in 
fiscal year 1996. The Committee also expects that INS consult 
with the Appropriations Committees of both the House and the 
Senate before a final allocation of these agents is decided.
    The Committee recommendation includes $12,000,000 to 
relocate Border Patrol agents from interior stations. The 
Committee understands that many interior Border Patrol stations 
are being forced to carry out employer sanction activities 
largely due to shortages of investigative resources. The 
Committee recommends that these stations remain open but that 
they be staffed with investigative positions to improve 
coordination of the employer sanctions program. In addition, 
the Border Patrol agents in these stations are more experienced 
and are critically needed along the border especially in light 
of the large number of new Border Patrol agents being hired. 
The Committee takes this action to address a concern expressed 
by the Attorney General about the importance of maintaining an 
appropriate ratio of experienced to inexperienced agents on the 
front lines of the border. In an August 9 letter to the 
Committee, the Attorney General indicated that there are no 
more than 302 total interior Border Patrol agent positions 
within INS. The Committee recommendation assumes that the 300 
agents relocated to the front lines of the border will include 
the agents noted by the Department as well as agents currently 
assigned to the San Clemente and Temecula checkpoints in 
California.
    The Committee urges the Department to seek, on behalf of 
INS, the allowable waivers from the Office of Personnel 
Management that would allow INS to reemploy retired (with no 
loss of retirement pay) Border Patrol agents: (1) either as 
instructors where feasible so as to not draw currently 
employed, experienced Border Patrol agents off the line into 
training academy duties; or (2) to use reemployed retirees on 
the border to free up current, experienced Border Patrol agents 
to act as temporary training officers.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $50,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................      11,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      35,000,000

    The Committee recommends $35,000,000 for construction of 
facilities for the Immigration and Naturalization Service. This 
amount is $15,000,000 below the fiscal year 1995 level and 
$24,000,000 higher than the House allowance. The request 
contained no funding for this account.
    Of the amount recommended, $6,000,000 will provide for 
improvements that are vitally needed to correct extensive 
health and safety code deficiencies to existing Border Patrol 
facilities in south Texas and Arizona. In addition, $25,000,000 
is recommended to augment resources provided in 1994 for the 
construction of joint U.S. Marshals/INS detention center in New 
York and San Francisco and to upgrade existing INS detention 
centers to accommodate greater capacities of detained aliens. 
The Committee has also included $4,000,000 for border 
infrastructure improvements to be used to construct border 
barriers, such as fencing. The Committee also notes that 
$7,500,000 is available from existing construction resources 
that was intended for upgrades to the San Clemente checkpoint. 
The Committee expects that these resources also be used for 
fencing, lighting, and construction of barriers along the 
border to enhance the effectiveness of border control efforts 
and the safety of Border Patrol agents.

                         Federal Prison System

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $2,353,597,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   2,643,759,000
House allowance.........................................   2,574,578,000

Committee recommendation

                                                           2,588,078,000

    The Committee recommends $2,588,078,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Federal prison system for fiscal year 1996, 
including $13,500,000 from the violent crime reduction trust 
fund. This amount is $55,681,000 below the budget request, and 
is an increase of $264,481,000 over total budgetary resources 
available in the current year.
    The Committee recommendation provides for requested 
adjustments to base, including $140,394,000 to annualize 3,084 
additional positions provided in 1995 for new prison 
activations.
    Activation of new prisons.--The Committee understands that 
because of delays in scheduled activations for 1996, as well as 
$40,000,000 in funds that will carry over from fiscal year 1995 
as a result of delays in activations from facilities that were 
scheduled to open in 1995, the appropriation required for the 
Federal prison system can be reduced by $55,681,000 without 
affecting requested program levels. Both the request and the 
House allowance required that the Bureau of Prisons [BOP] 
absorb the cost of the 1996 pay raise in salaries and expenses, 
but not in buildings and facilities. The Committee 
recommendation would not require BOP to absorb the 1996 pay 
raise within either account in order to ensure the timely 
activation of new prisons.
    According to information provided to the Committee by the 
Bureau of Prisons on August 30, 1995, work delays that have 
already occurred will prevent the detention center in Brooklyn, 
NY, and the low security facility in Yazoo City, MS, from 
accepting inmates in fiscal year 1996 as originally planned. 
The Committee is providing initial funding to prepare these 
facilities for activation and ensure that security at these 
facilities is not compromised.
    The Committee recommendation includes $56,942,000 to either 
activate or provide initial activation funding at the following 
10 new and expanded facilities:
  --Beaumont, TX--1,536 bed low security and 512 bed minimum 
        security facility;
  --Taft, CA--1,536 bed low security and 512 bed minimum 
        security facility;
  --Brooklyn, NY--1,807 bed detention center;
  --Forrest City, AR--1,536 bed low security facility;
  --Yazoo City, MS--1,536 bed low security facility;
  --Expansions at the following 5 institutions: Tallahassee, 
        FL; Milan, MI; Lompac, CA; Fort Worth, TX; and 
        Lexington, KY.
    In addition, the recommendation provides for the following 
program increases:
  +$15,464,000 to support a projected increase in the inmate 
        population;
  +$22,416,000 to support a projected increase in the 
        population in community corrections centers;
  +$4,945,000 to support a projected increase in the use of 
        State and local facilities to house inmates;
  +$10,765,000 to support inmate care programs, including 
        $3,190,000 for kidney dialysis services and $7,575,000 
        for infectious disease control;
  +$1,702,000 for drug treatment programs for inmates; and
  +$684,000 for requested enhancements to national bus center 
        operations.
    Privatization of Federal prison facilities.--The 
administration has proposed to privatize all future pretrial, 
minimum, and low security prisons with the exception of those 
which will be part of Federal correctional complexes. The 
Committee supports this proposal, with one modification.
    The administration's new policy precludes future medium and 
high security Federal prisons from being located adjacent to 
privatized low security Federal correctional institutions. The 
Committee notes that several years ago, two communities--Yazoo 
City, MS, and Forrest City, AR--entered into discussions with 
BOP in an effort to increase their potential for being selected 
as the site for a Federal prison complex. Each community agreed 
to provide a large tract of land and undertake some 
infrastructure investments. Construction of a 1,600 bed low 
security facility is now underway in each community. The 
Forrest City facility is scheduled to open in August 1996. The 
Yazoo City facility is scheduled to open in November 1996.
    Both communities are concerned that if operation of these 
facilities were privatized, they would become ineligible for 
future medium or high security facilities on the site they have 
already provided. The Committee directs BOP to proceed with its 
current privatization plan and to exempt these two communities 
from their new collocation policy. In the future, privatized 
low security facilities in these two communities shall in no 
way hinder either community's chances for being selected as the 
site for additional higher security facilities.
    Health care privatization demonstration project.--Health 
care costs are the fastest growing component of the Bureau of 
Prison's budget. From 1984 to 1994, the average annual medical 
costs per inmate increased from $1,624 to $3,146. The 
combination of projected prison population increases and 
changing demographics within the prison population will have a 
major impact on the health care costs of incarcerated criminals 
in the future. The Committee notes that several States which 
provide all or part of their health care to inmates through 
private health care contractors have achieved substantial cost 
savings. The Committee directs the Bureau of Prisons [BOP] to 
develop a plan for a health care privatization demonstration 
project based on a competitive procurement covering a 
representative sample of the Federal prison population--that 
is, at least one Federal correctional complex. The project 
should begin in fiscal year 1996 and run for a minimum of 3 
years.
    The Committee directs BOP to report back to the Committee 
with its recommendations on the size, structure, and scope of 
this project by November 15, 1995.
    The Committee understands that the Bureau of Prisons has 
been hiring a number of foreign trained unlicensed physicians 
as primary care providers. Given the establishment of the 
Graduate School of Nursing at the Uniformed Services University 
of the Health Sciences, the Committee encourages the Bureau to 
utilize this resource to upgrade their Uniformed Services 
nurses to nurse practitioner primary care providers.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for the purchase of motor vehicles for police-type use and 
the purchase of uniforms without regard to the general purchase 
price limitation; (2) for the provision of technical advice to 
foreign governments; (3) for transfer of funds to the Health 
Resources and Services Administration; (4) for the Director to 
enter into contracts to furnish health care; (5) up to $6,000 
for reception and representation expenses; (6) up to 
$50,000,000 for activation of prisons to remain available until 
September 30, 1997; and (7) up to $20,000,000 for contract 
confinement expenses for the care and security of Cuban and 
Haitian entrants. In addition, one-time language is deleted, as 
proposed in the budget, for the transfer of balances from the 
Community Relations Service for the care of Mariel Cubans.

                   National Institute of Corrections

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $10,302,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      10,158,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                               8,000,000

    The Committee recommends $8,000,000 in direct Federal 
funding for the National Institute of Corrections [NIC]. This 
is $2,302,000 below the fiscal year 1995 funding level, 
$2,158,000 below the request, and $8,000,000 more than the 
House allowance. Additional Federal funding may be provided to 
NIC by transfer from the ``Federal prison system salaries and 
expenses'' account subject to the reprogramming procedures 
outlined in section 605 of this act.
    NIC currently provides: (1) direct training of jails, 
prisons, and community corrections personnel; (2) corrections 
security audits; (3) corrections staffing analyses; (4) 
collection and dissemination of corrections information; (5) 
emergency site visits to State and local corrections systems; 
(6) duties of the Correctional Job Training and Placement 
Office; and (7) task force activities on prison construction. 
Because these activities are primarily performed on behalf of 
State and local entities, the Committee expects NIC and BOP to 
develop recommendations which will eliminate the need for 
direct Federal support for NIC. BOP and NIC should present 
their recommendations to the Committee by March 1, 1996.

                        Buildings And Facilities

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $276,301,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     323,728,000
House allowance.........................................     323,728,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             349,410,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $349,410,000 for fiscal 
year 1996 for the construction, modernization, maintenance, and 
repair of prison and detention facilities housing Federal 
prisoners. This amount is $73,109,000 higher than the amount 
appropriated for the current fiscal year, and $25,682,000 more 
than both the budget request and the House allowance.
    The recommendation includes $225,412,000 for new prison 
construction and renovation. The Committee has attempted to 
accelerate the planned expansion of Federal prison capacity by 
allocating fiscal year 1996 funds to begin design and site 
preparation for several prison facilities which were not 
scheduled to begin until fiscal year 1997. The recommendation 
includes:
  --$64,500,000 for construction of a medium security Federal 
        correctional institution at the Beaumont, TX, prison 
        complex, as requested in the President's budget;
  --$85,900,000 for the construction of a medium security 
        facility at George Air Force Base in California;
  --$11,000,000 for architectural and engineering services and 
        site preparation for a medium security Federal 
        correctional institution and satellite minimum security 
        camp at Castle Air Force Base in California;
  --$11,000,000 for architectural and engineering services and 
        site preparation for a medium security facility and 
        satellite minimum security camp in a site to be 
        determined in the Mid-Atlantic region;
  --$12,000,000 for architectural and engineering services and 
        site preparation for a medium security facility and 
        satellite minimum security camp in Lee County, VA;
  --$14,253,000 to complete site acquisition for detention 
        space in Hawaii;
  --$20,051,000 for construction of 144 additional holding 
        cells for use by the U.S. Marshals Service; and
  --$6,708,000 for priority health and safety renovations and 
        repairs to existing facilities.
    The request and the House-passed bill provide no funding 
for the Cooperative Agreement Program whereby the U.S. Marshals 
Service contracts with State and local governments for housing 
Federal prisoners and detainees. The recommendation provides 
$12,500,000 to continue this important program.
    The Committee encourages the use of local labor and 
services, where appropriate and cost effective, for the 
construction of these facilities.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for planning, acquisition of sites, and construction of 
facilities; (2) for leasing a facility in Oklahoma City; (3) 
for acquisition, remodeling, and equipping facilities by 
contract or force account; (4) up to $14,074,000 to construct 
inmate work areas; (5) for use of prisoner labor; (6) up to 10 
percent of this appropriation to be transferred to the 
``Salaries and expenses'' account; and (7) for up to 
$22,351,000 for renovation and construction of Marshals Service 
prisoner holding facilities.

                    Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

                (Limitation On Administrative Expenses)

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $3,463,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       3,559,000
House allowance.........................................       3,559,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               3,559,000

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $3,559,000 for the Federal Prison Industries, Inc. 
for fiscal year 1996, which is the full amount requested, and 
$96,000 above the current year limitation.

                       Office of Justice Programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $2,402,300,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   3,995,653,000
House allowance.........................................   3,762,828,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,919,453,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $3,919,453,000 in new 
budget (obligational) authority for fiscal year 1996, including 
$3,203,000,000 from the violent crime reduction trust fund, for 
the various law enforcement assistance, juvenile justice, 
research, and statistics programs of the Office of Justice 
Programs [OJP].
    This amount represents an increase of $1,517,153,000 over 
the current year appropriation, $76,200,000 below the budget 
request and $156,625,000 above the House allowance. Included in 
these amounts are funds to expand programs providing assistance 
to the States, such as a State and Local Law Enforcement Block 
Grant Program, State Prison Grant Program, State Criminal Alien 
Assistance Program, Violence Against Women Grant Program, Byrne 
grant program, Civil Legal Assistance Grant Program, Weed and 
Seed Program, juvenile justice and delinquency prevention, and 
victims of child abuse programs.

Violent crime reduction trust fund programs

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,203,000,000 from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund for programs that 
provide State and local assistance. This amount represents an 
increase of $1,334,743,000 over the current year appropriation 
from the violent crime reduction trust fund and $73,457,000 
below the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding for a State 
and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Block Grant Program 
consistent with the provisions of Senate bill 3, the Violent 
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Improvement Act of 1995, as 
introduced on January 4, 1995. This program is funded in place 
of the Community Oriented Policing Services Program in order to 
give over 39,000 State and local law enforcement agencies--
those on the front lines in the fight against crime--the 
flexibility to make their own choices about which crime-
fighting strategies may work best in their communities. Under 
the block grant approach, local communities have a choice. They 
can fund additional police, equipment, technology, and/or 
community-based cooperative programs where residents and law 
enforcement agencies work together to control, detect, and 
investigate crimes and prosecute criminals.
    The Committee recommendation also provides funding for 
truth-in-sentencing incentive grants and violent offender 
incarceration grants pursuant to Senate bill 3, the Violent 
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Improvement Act of 1995, as 
introduced on January 4, 1995.
    The following State and local assistance programs are 
funded from the violent crime reduction trust fund and are 
explained in more detail under justice assistance and State and 
local law enforcement assistance:

     OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS--VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND     
                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      1995          1996        House        Committee  
                 appropriation    request     allowance   recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Justice                                                                 
 assistance:                                                            
    Drug courts        29,000       150,000  ...........  ..............
    Violence                                                            
     against                                                            
     women.....        26,000       174,900      124,500        100,000 
    Ounce of                                                            
     Prevention                                                         
     Council \1                                                         
     \.........         1,500   ...........  ...........  ..............
    Crime                                                               
     prevention                                                         
     block                                                              
     grants....  .............       30,000  ...........  ..............
    Model                                                               
     Intensive                                                          
     Grant                                                              
     Program...  .............       48,216  ...........  ..............
    Substance                                                           
     abuse                                                              
     treatment/                                                         
     prisons...  .............       27,000       27,000  ..............
Other crime                                                             
 control                                                                
 programs:                                                              
    Assistance                                                          
     for                                                                
     delinquent                                                         
     and at-                                                            
     risk youth  .............        1,604  ...........  ..............
    Family                                                              
     unity                                                              
     demonstrat                                                         
     ion                                                                
     projects..  .............        1,922  ...........  ..............
    Missing                                                             
     Alzheimer'                                                         
     s.........  .............          900          900            900 
                --------------------------------------------------------
      Total                                                             
       justice                                                          
       assistan                                                         
       ce......        56,500       434,542      152,400        100,900 
                ========================================================
State and local                                                         
 assistance:                                                            
    Byrne                                                               
     formula                                                            
     grants....       450,000       260,000      475,000        300,000 
    State and                                                           
     local                                                              
     block                                                              
     grant/COPS     1,300,000     1,902,964    1,950,000      1,700,000 
    Brady bill/                                                         
     upgrade                                                            
     criminal                                                           
     records...       100,000        25,000       25,000         25,000 
    State                                                               
     prison                                                             
     grants....        24,500       500,000      500,000        750,000 
    State                                                               
     criminal                                                           
     alien                                                              
     incarcerat                                                         
     ion grants       130,000       300,000      300,000        300,000 
    Youth                                                               
     offender                                                           
     incarcerat                                                         
     ion.......  .............        9,643       19,643         15,000 
    Rural law                                                           
     enforcemen                                                         
     t.........        10,252   ...........  ...........  ..............
Other crime                                                             
 control                                                                
 programs:                                                              
    Tuberculosi                                                         
     s in                                                               
     prisons...  .............          200          200  ..............
    Community-                                                          
     based                                                              
     grants/                                                            
     prosecutor                                                         
     s.........  .............          500  ...........  ..............
    Law                                                                 
     enforcemen                                                         
     t family                                                           
     support...  .............        1,200        1,000  ..............
    DNA                                                                 
     identifica                                                         
     tion State                                                         
     grants....  .............          482        1,000          1,000 
    Improved                                                            
     training                                                           
     and tech.                                                          
     automation                                                         
     grants....  .............        4,822       10,000          9,000 
    Ease State                                                          
     court                                                              
     burdens...  .............       11,090  ...........  ..............
    Gang                                                                
     investigat                                                         
     ion                                                                
     informatio                                                         
     n                                                                  
     collection  .............        1,000        1,000          1,000 
    Motor                                                               
     vehicle                                                            
     theft                                                              
     prevention  .............        1,500        1,500          1,100 
    Senior                                                              
     citizens/                                                          
     marketing                                                          
     scams.....  .............          500  ...........  ..............
    Presidentia                                                         
     l Summit                                                           
     on Crime..  .............        1,000  ...........  ..............
                --------------------------------------------------------
      Total                                                             
       State                                                            
       and                                                              
       local                                                            
       assistan                                                         
       ce......     2,004,500     3,034,658    3,333,343      3,102,100 
                ========================================================
      Total                                                             
       violent                                                          
       crime                                                            
       reductio                                                         
       n trust                                                          
       fund....     2,061,000     3,469,200    3,435,743      3,203,000 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Requested as an independent agency in 1996.                         

                           Justice Assistance

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $137,377,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     536,877,000
House allowance.........................................     250,377,000
Committee recommendation................................     203,245,000

    The Committee recommends $203,245,000 for justice 
assistance for fiscal year 1996, of which $100,900,000 will be 
derived from the violent crime reduction trust fund. The 
justice assistance activity provides assistance to States in 
the form of research, evaluation, statistics, information 
sharing, emergency assistance, missing children assistance, and 
the management and administration of all grants provided 
through the Office of Justice Programs. In addition, funding 
from the violent crime reduction trust fund is recommended for 
grants associated with the Violence Against Women Act and for 
the Missing Alzheimer's Patients Program. An explanation of 
each program follows:
    National Institute of Justice.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $30,000,000 for the National Institute 
of Justice [NIJ] for fiscal year 1996, which is $3,000,000 
above the amount provided for the current year appropriation. 
The NIJ is the Nation's primary source of research and 
development on crime and the criminal justice system. The NIJ 
also performs crucial evaluations of new programs and projects 
and distributes their findings to the States.
    National study on correctional health care.--The Committee 
understands that the need for correctional health care 
services, along with associated costs is growing at an alarming 
rate. More than 11 million persons are released from jails, 
prisons, and juvenile correctional facilities annually. Many of 
these persons have contracted drug-resistant tuberculosis, HIV/
AIDS, or have a history of substance abuse or mental illness. 
Without proper treatment, these individuals pose a direct and 
immediate health threat to the larger community. Within 
available resources, the Committee encourages NIJ to undertake 
a national study on this problem.
    Defense technology.--The Committee is supportive of efforts 
by the Justice Department, in conjunction with the Department 
of Defense, to convert nonlethal defense technology to law 
enforcement use. The Committee supports continuation of the law 
enforcement technology information network in conjunction with 
the regional information sharing system, that will provide 
States with information on new equipment and technologies, as 
well as assist law enforcement agencies in locating high cost/
low use equipment for use on a temporary or emergency basis. 
The Committee urges the Department to expand the technology 
commercialization initiative started in 1995.
    Bureau of Justice Statistics.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $21,379,000 for the Bureau of Justice Statistics [BJS] 
for fiscal year 1996, which is the same amount provided in the 
current year appropriation. BJS is responsible for the 
collection, analysis, and publication of statistical 
information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and 
the operations of the Nation's justice systems.
    Emergency assistance.--This program offers Federal 
assistance to States in response to situations of an emergency 
nature. Although the Committee recommendation provides no new 
budget authority for the Emergency Assistance Program, as 
requested by the Department, the Committee notes that the 
Attorney General has the authority under the counterterrorism 
fund to reimburse the Office of Justice Programs for payments 
from this account for qualifying State or local law enforcement 
agencies.
    Missing children.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$5,971,000 for the Missing Children Program for fiscal year 
1996, which is the same amount provided in the current year 
appropriation. This program provides funds to combat crimes 
against children, particularly kidnapping and sexual 
exploitation. The Committee recommends that within these 
amounts the Department seriously consider establishing a 
exploited child unit within the National Center of Missing and 
Exploited Children. This unit would assist in the investigation 
of child sex offenses nationwide.
    Regional information sharing system.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $14,500,000 for fiscal year 1996 for 
the regional information sharing system [RISS], which is the 
same amount provided for the current year appropriation. The 
RISS program provides funds to maintain six regionally based 
information sharing centers throughout the United States to 
assist States in addressing major, multijurisdictional crimes.
    National White Collar Crime Information Center.--The 
Committee recommends a total of $2,100,000 to support ongoing 
operations of the National White Collar Crime Information 
Center [NWCCC] for fiscal year 1996. The NWCC provides 
assistance to State and local law enforcement and regulatory 
agencies in addressing multijurisdictional white collar crimes.
    Management and administration.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $22,277,000 for the management and 
administration of the Office of Justice Programs. In addition, 
reimbursable funding will be provided from the ``Juvenile 
justice'' account and the violent crime reduction programs for 
the administration of grants under these activities.

              violent crime reduction trust fund programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $39,400,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     434,542,000
House allowance.........................................     152,400,000
Committee recommendation................................     100,900,000

    The Committee recommendation includes $100,900,000 for two 
programs authorized under the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994. These programs are as follows:
    Violence Against Women Act.--The Committee recommends 
$100,000,000 for grants under the Violence Against Women Act, 
as authorized in the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement 
Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322. This amount represents a 
threefold increase over the current year appropriation. The 
recommendation is $74,900,000 below the budget request and 
$24,500,000 below the level in the House-passed bill. Grants 
provided under this recommendation are for the following 
programs:

Law enforcement and prosecution grants to combat violent 
    crimes against women................................     $61,000,000
Grants to encourage arrest policies.....................      28,000,000
    Rural domestic violence and child abuse enforcement.       6,000,000
Victims of child abuse programs:
    Court Appointed Special Advocate Program............       4,250,000
    Training for judicial personnel and practitioners...         750,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Total...........................................     100,000,000

    Law enforcement and prosecution grants may be used to 
assist States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local 
government by providing personnel, training, technical 
assistance, data collection and equipment, and victim services 
programs for more widespread apprehension, prosecution, and 
adjudication of individuals committing violent crimes against 
women. In addition, grants are provided to encourage States, 
Indian tribal governments, or units of local governments to 
implement mandatory arrest of domestic violence offenders, 
improve tracking and coordination of police enforcement and 
prosecution of offenders and strengthen legal advocacy service 
programs for victims. Grants for rural domestic violence and 
child abuse enforcement assistance target similar initiatives 
to rural States.
    The Committee also provides funding from the violent crime 
reduction trust fund for the continuation of two programs that 
were previously funded under juvenile justice for victims of 
child abuse--the Court Appointed Special Advocates Program and 
child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and 
practitioners.
    Safe return program.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$900,000 to continue and expand the national program to locate 
missing Alzheimer's patients as authorized in Public Law 103-
322.

                         civil legal assistance

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                            $210,000,000

    The Committee has provided $210,000,000 for the provision 
of civil legal assistance to low-income individuals, to be 
distributed according to the provisions of section 120 of this 
act.

               State And Local Law Enforcement Assistance

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $2,079,956,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   3,279,658,000
House allowance.........................................   3,333,343,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,327,100,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $3,327,100,000 for 
fiscal year 1996, of which $3,102,100,000 is provided from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund. This amount represents an 
increase of $1,247,144,000 over fiscal year 1995 appropriations 
for State and local law enforcement assistance programs. These 
funds provide assistance to State and local governments in 
their drug control and other law enforcement efforts as 
follows:
    Edward Byrne grants to States.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $525,000,000 for the Edward Byrne 
Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Program, of 
which $50,000,000 is for discretionary grants and $475,000,000 
for formula grants. Of the formula grant funding recommended by 
the Committee, $300,000,000 is provided under the violent crime 
reduction trust fund as authorized under the Violent Crime 
Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322. 
This amount represents an increase of $25,000,000 over the 
current year appropriation.
    Discretionary grants.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $50,000,000 for discretionary grants under chapter A 
of the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Assistance Program 
to be administered by the Bureau of Justice Assistance [BJA] to 
public or private agencies and nonprofit organizations, for 
educational and training programs, technical assistance, 
improvement of State criminal justice systems, and 
demonstration projects of a multijurisdictional nature. Within 
the amount provided for these discretionary grants, the 
Committee expects BJA to provide $13,500,000 for the Weed and 
Seed Program.
    Within available resources the Committee urges BJA to 
favorably consider:
  --Continuation of the National Crime Prevention Council and 
        expansion of the National Citizens Crime Prevention 
        Campaign (McGruff);
  --Continuation and expansion of the SEARCH Group, Inc. and 
        the National Technical Assistance Program, which 
        provides support to State and local criminal justice 
        agencies to improve their use of computers and 
        information technology;
  --Supplemental funding for DNA identification State grants 
        provided by the Committee from the violent crime 
        reduction trust fund as authorized in Public Law 103-
        322;
  --Continued support for the Boys and Girls Clubs of America;
  --Suport for the Centers of Excellence on Violence 
        Prevention;
  --Support for the National Night Out Program; and
  --State and local law enforcement activities related to the 
        1996 Olympic games.
    The Committee also encourages the Attorney General to 
provide grants to public or private agencies and private 
nonprofit organizations for advanced education and training of 
criminal justice personnel and to provide educational 
assistance to students who possess a sincere interest in public 
service law enforcement. The Committee expects BJA to submit a 
report to the Committee on its intentions for this proposal by 
November 15, 1995.

   violent crime reduction trust fund Programs, State and Local Law 
                         Enforcement Assistance

    State and local law enforcement block grant.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $1,700,000,000 for a State and Local 
Law Enforcement Assistance Block Grant Program pursuant to 
Senate bill 3, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement 
Improvement Act of 1995, as introduced on January 4, 1995. 
Authorization for this block grant program is provided in 
section 114 of this act. This funding is provided in place of 
the budget request for the community oriented policing services 
programs and will support the following activities at the 
discretion of State and local agencies:
  --Hiring, training, and employing on a continuing basis new, 
        additional law enforcement officers and necessary 
        support personnel;
  --Paying overtime to presently employed law enforcement 
        officers and necessary support personnel;
  --Procuring equipment, technology, and other material 
        directly related to basic law enforcement functions;
  --Establishing crime prevention programs involving community 
        residents and law enforcement agencies for control, 
        detection, or investigation of crimes, or the 
        prosecution of criminals.
    National instant criminal background check system.--The 
recommendation provides $25,000,000 to fund the second year of 
State programs designed to implement the national instant 
criminal background check system [NICS]. The Brady Handgun 
Violence Prevention Act requires the establishment of the NICS 
by November 1998. Funding for States to upgrade criminal 
records, to interface between these records and other data 
bases holding information on other categories of individuals 
who are prohibited from purchasing firearms under Federal or 
State statute, and implementation of the NICS, is authorized 
under the violent crime reduction trust fund. In 1995, 
$100,000,000 was provided from the violent crime reduction 
trust fund for this initiative, which was the full 
authorization level for 1995. The Committee recommendation 
supports the full authorization level for 1996.
    State prison grants.--The recommendation provides 
$750,000,000 for violent offender incarceration and truth in 
sentencing incarceration grants pursuant to Senate bill 3, the 
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Improvement Act of 
1995, as introduced on January 4, 1995. Authorization for this 
block grant program is provided in section 115 of this act. The 
Committee recommendation provides an increase of $725,500,000 
above the current year appropriation. In 1995, $24,500,000 was 
provided for boot camps in this account.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.--The 
recommendation provides $300,000,000 for the State Criminal 
Alien Assistance Program for the reimbursement to States for 
the costs of incarceration of criminal aliens. The total amount 
represents an increase of $170,000,000 over the current year 
appropriation. The recom mendation equals the budget request 
and the full authorization of violent crime reduction trust 
fund funding permitted under Public Law 103-322.
    Youthful offender incarceration grants.--To supplement the 
State prison grants listed above, the recommendation provides a 
total of $15,000,000 for grants to States, for use by States 
and units of local government, for the purpose of developing 
alternative methods of punishment for young offenders to 
traditional forms of incarceration and probation, such as boot 
camps.
    Motor vehicle theft prevention.--The recommendation 
provides $1,100,000 for grants to combat motor vehicle theft. 
The amount recommended is an increase of $600,000 above amounts 
provided in the current appropriation. Violent crime reduction 
trust fund funding for this program is authorized in Public Law 
103-322.
    DNA identification State grants.--The recommendation 
includes $1,000,000 from the violent crime reduction trust fund 
for DNA identification State grants. The recommended funding 
level is the full amount authorized for this program in Public 
Law 103-322. The recommendation is equivalent to the House 
allowance and $518,000 more than the request.
    Funding is recommended for grants to States and units of 
local government to develop or improve forensic DNA testing 
capabilities in State and local forensic laboratories and to 
foster cooperation and mutual assistance among forensic DNA 
laboratories within States and between States that are seeking 
to match and exchange DNA identification records for law 
enforcement purposes using the FBI's combined DNA index system 
[CODIS]. The Committee urges BJA to provide additional 
discretionary grant funding for this important program.
    Improved training and technical automation grants.--The 
recommendation provides $9,000,000 from the violent crime 
reduction trust fund for improved training and technical 
automation grants, as authorized under Public Law 103-322. 
Funding for this program is $4,178,000 above the budget 
request, and $1,000,000 below the level in the House-passed 
bill.
    The Committee understands that a critical need of State and 
local law enforcement is improved information systems for the 
identification and tracking of criminals. The recommendation 
will provide grants to States, Indian tribal, and local 
criminal justice agencies and nonprofit organizations to 
improve their efficiency through improved technology and 
automation. Grants can be made to: (1) increase the use of 
mobile digital terminals; (2) improve communications systems, 
such as computer-aided dispatch and incident reporting systems; 
(3) establish or improve ballistics identification programs; 
(4) increase the application of automated fingerprint 
identification systems and their communications on an 
interstate and intrastate basis; and (5) improve the 
computerized collection of criminal records.
    The Committee is aware of a number of automation projects 
which could enhance State and local enforcement. Within the 
overall amounts recommended herein for information and 
technology grants and under the Edward Byrne Discretionary 
Grant Program, the Committee expects the Office of Justice 
Programs to examine each of the following proposals, to provide 
grants if warranted, and to submit a report to the Committee on 
its intentions on proposals to expand criminal information in 
the regional information sharing systems.
    The Committee is aware of the recently established Center 
of Advanced Support in Technology for Law Enforcement [CASTLE] 
automation program to enhance the on-line capabilities of State 
and local enforcement. Within the overall amounts recommended 
herein for information and technology grants and under the 
Edward Byrne discretionary grant program, the Committee expects 
funding to be provided, if warranted, and transferred to the 
FBI to implement the CASTLE program and establish a national 
communications capability for local, State, and Federal law 
enforcement using multitiered interactive computer 
technologies.
    The Committee believes that grants should be used to the 
greatest extent possible to promote information sharing among 
Federal, State, and local criminal justice agencies and the 
development and implementation of compatible systems. The 
Committee expects that, when considering applications for 
grants made under this program, the Attorney General shall, to 
the extent possible, ensure State, Indian tribal, and local 
criminal justice agency proposals include technology that is 
compatible with or can interface with other national law 
enforcement and criminal justice information systems being 
developed, in particular, National Crime Information Center 
2000, the national instant background check system, national 
incident-based reporting system, and DRUGFIRE.
    Gang investigation coordination and information 
collection.--The recommendation provides $1,000,000 for 
improved information collection on gang investigations. This 
amount is the full amount authorized under the violent crime 
reduction trust fund for this program, the full amount 
requested, and the amount contained in the House-passed bill. 
The Committee expects that the resources provided will support 
the development of a national strategy to coordinate gang-
related investigations by Federal law enforcement agencies and 
enhance data collection activities of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation with regard to incidents of gang violence for 
inclusion in the annual uniform crime report.

                         WEED AND SEED PROGRAM

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $23,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       5,000,000
House allowance.........................................      23,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      23,500,000

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$23,500,000 for the Weed and Seed Program. The current year 
appropriation provided $23,500,000 for weed and seed, of which 
$13,500,000 was provided from direct appropriations and 
$10,000,000 was provided from Byrne discretionary grants. The 
Committee recommendation is identical to the House provision 
and provides the same funding level for this program as 
requested by the administration. The budget requested 
$23,500,000 for the Weed and Seed Program, of which $5,000,000 
was requested from direct appropriations, $13,500,000 was 
requested from Byrne discretionary grants, and $5,000,000 was 
requested from the Community Oriented Policing Services 
Program.
    The Committee recommendation provides funding of 
$13,500,000 as requested from the Byrne discretionary grant 
program and provides funding of $10,000,000 from discretionary 
grants under the juvenile justice programs.
    Within the overall amount provided for the Weed and Seed 
Program the Committee strongly urges that the Department 
favorably consider the proposal by the Gospel Mission of 
Washington, DC, to renovate the former Fulton Hotel for 
conversion into a drug treatment center for women, and provide 
a grant if warranted.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, making funds available 
for grants or agreements with State agencies or to reimburse 
Federal agencies in order to execute the weed and seed 
strategy, and also allows for the use of other Department of 
Justice funds to support the Weed and Seed Program.

                       Juvenile Justice Programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $155,250,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     148,500,000
House allowance.........................................     148,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     148,500,000

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$148,500,000 for juvenile justice programs for fiscal year 
1996, the full amount requested by the administration and the 
amount contained in the House-passed bill.
    Juvenile justice and delinquency prevention.--The Committee 
recommends a total of $144,000,000 for fiscal year 1996 for 
grants and administrative expenses for juvenile justice and 
delinquency prevention [JJDP] programs, the same amount 
provided in the current fiscal year and the full amount 
requested. The JJDP program provides funds to States and 
localities for projects in the areas of education, research, 
prevention and rehabilitation as follows:
  --$5,000,000 for the Office of Juvenile Justice Programs 
        [OJJP] (part A).
  --$70,000,000 for Formula Grants for assistance to State and 
        local programs (part B).
  --$25,000,000 for discretionary grants for national programs 
        and special emphasis programs (part C). Within the 
        amount provided for part C discretionary grants, the 
        Committee expects the OJJP to provide $10,000,000 for 
        the Weed and Seed Program.
  --$10,000,000, the full amount requested, to expand the Youth 
        Gangs (part D) Program which provides grants to public 
        and private nonprofit organizations to prevent and 
        reduce the participation of at-risk youth in the 
        activities of gangs that commit crimes.
  --$10,000,000, the full amount requested, for discretionary 
        grants for State challenge activities (part E). This 
        program authorizes the OJJP Administrator to award 
        grants which could increase the amount of a State's 
        formula grant by up to 10 percent, if that State agrees 
        to undertake some or all of the 10 challenge activities 
        included in this program. These challenge activities 
        are designed to improve various aspects of a State's 
        juvenile justice and delinquency prevention programs.
  --$4,000,000, the full amount requested, for the Juvenile 
        Mentoring Program (part G). This program seeks to 
        reduce juvenile delinquency, improve academic 
        performance, and reduce the drop-out rate among at-risk 
        youth through the use of mentors. The program brings 
        together young people in high-crime areas with law 
        enforcement officers and other responsible adults who 
        are willing to serve as long-term mentors.
  --$20,000,000 for incentive grants for local delinquency 
        prevention programs (title V), which is the same amount 
        provided in the current fiscal year and the full amount 
        requested. These grants are transmitted through the 
        State advisory groups to units of general local 
        government for delinquency prevention programs and 
        other activities for at-risk youth.
    Within the amounts appropriated for discretionary grants 
under title II and title V of the JJDP Act, the Committee 
expects OJJP to examine each of the following proposals, to 
provide grants if warranted, for each proposal: A grant to 
Parents Anonymous, Inc. to enhance the capability of the 
organization's national office to support the delinquency 
prevention and self-help programs of its local chapters; a 
grant to the National Crime Prevention Councils Teen, Crime, 
and the Community Program; a grant to continue an Institute for 
Families in Society Study; grants to expand the Intensive 
Treatment Family Program; a grant to continue and expand the 
National Council of Juvenile and Family Courts; a grant to the 
Coalition for Juvenile Justice; and continued support for law-
related education.
    Victims of Child Abuse Act.--The Committee recommends a 
total of $4,500,000 for the various programs authorized under 
the Victims of Child Abuse Act [VOCA]. In addition, funding of 
$5,000,000 is provided for victims of child abuse programs 
under the Violence Against Women Program funded by the violent 
crime reduction trust fund. The following programs are included 
in the recommendation:
  --$4,500,000 to improve investigations and prosecutions 
        (subtitle A) as follows:
    --$500,000 to continue regional children's advocacy 
            centers, as authorized by section 213 of VOCA;
    --$2,000,000 to continue local children's advocacy centers, 
            as authorized by section 214 of VOCA;
    --$1,500,000 for a continuation grant to the National 
            Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse for 
            specialized technical assistance and training 
            programs to improve the prosecution of child abuse 
            cases, as authorized by section 214a of VOCA; and
    --$500,000 for a continuation grant to the national network 
            of child advocacy centers for technical assistance 
            and training, as authorized by section 214a of 
            VOCA.

                    Public Safety Officers Benefits

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $29,717,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      30,608,000
House allowance.........................................      30,608,000
Committee recommendation................................      30,608,000

    The Committee recommendation includes the requested 
language for death and disability benefits under the Public 
Safety Officers Benefits Program for fiscal year 1996, which 
will fully fund anticipated payments. This program provides a 
lump sum death benefit payment to eligible survivors of 
Federal, State, and local public safety officers whose death 
was the direct and proximate result of a traumatic injury 
sustained in the line of duty.
    The recommendation also includes $2,134,000, the full 
amount requested, and the amount provided by the House, for 
lump sum payments to public safety officers who are permanently 
disabled in the line of duty.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice in this bill:
    Section 101 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations acts, which makes up to $45,000 of the funds 
appropriated to the Department of Justice available for 
reception and representation expenses.
    Section 102 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations acts, which continues certain authorities for 
the Justice Department in fiscal year 1996 that were contained 
in the Department of Justice Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
1980.
    Section 103 provides language, included in appropriations 
acts prior to 1994, which prohibits the use of funds to perform 
abortions in the Federal Prison System.
    Section 104 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations acts, which prohibits the use of the funds 
provided in this bill to require any person to perform, or 
facilitate the performance of, an abortion.
    Section 105 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations acts, which states that nothing in the previous 
section removes the obligation of the Director of the Bureau of 
Prisons to provide escort services to female inmates who seek 
to obtain abortions outside a Federal facility.
    Section 106 provides language, similar to that included in 
previous appropriations acts, and recently amended in Public 
Law 104-19, which allows the Department of Justice to spend up 
to $10,000,000 for rewards for information regarding acts of 
terrorism against a U.S. person or property at levels not to 
exceed $2,000,000 per reward.
    Section 107 provides language, similar to that included in 
previous appropriations acts, which allows the Department of 
Justice, subject to the Committee's reprogramming procedures, 
to transfer up to 5 percent between any appropriation, but 
limits to 10 percent the amount that can be transferred into 
any one appropriation.
    Section 108 provides language, included in the 1995 
appropriations act, requested by the administration, which 
allows the Federal Prison System's commissary fund to invest 
amounts not needed for operations in obligations of the United 
States.
    Section 109 provides language included in prior 
appropriations acts that allows balances remaining in the 
assets forfeiture fund after September 30, 1995, to be 
available to the Attorney General for any authorized purpose of 
the Department of Justice.
    Section 110 provides language included in the 1995 
appropriations act, which prohibits the transfer of Justice 
Department funds to other departments, except as authorized by 
this act.
    Section 111 adds new language, as proposed by the 
administration, to extend the quarterly fee payments for 
debtors under chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code to include the 
period from when a reorganization plan is confirmed by the 
Bankruptcy Court until the case is converted or dismissed.
    Section 112 adds language, contained in prior 
appropriations acts, that continues the undercover operations 
authorities for the FBI and DEA for 1 year. No new authorities 
are provided.
    Section 113 adds new language that allows the user fee 
surcharge currently collected by the FBI to defray automation 
costs related to the development of the NCIC 2000 and uniform 
crime report systems. The current language allows this 
surcharge to be used to defray automation costs of the 
fingerprint identification system.
    Section 114 amends the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322) to authorize a new 
State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Block Grant Program 
with language identical to that contained in Senate bill 3, the 
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Improvement Act of 
1995, as introduced on January 5, 1995. This program would be 
funded from the violent crime reduction trust fund.
    Section 115 amends the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322) to authorize a new 
Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth-in-Sentencing 
Incentive Grants Program with language identical to that 
contained in Senate bill 3, the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Improvement Act of 1995, as introduced on January 
5, 1995. This new program would be funded from the violent 
crime reduction trust fund.
    Section 116 adds new language giving the Federal Prison 
System multiyear contract authority, as requested by the 
Department.
    Section 117 amends Public Law 101-246 (104 Stat. 42) to 
provide the Federal Bureau of Investigation with the same 
danger pay authority currently provided to the Drug Enforcement 
Agency.
    Section 118 lifts current restrictions on the commercial 
sale of goods and services produced or provided by Federal 
Prison Industries.
    Section 119 amends the National Voter Registration Act of 
1993 to exempt States which have adopted same-day registration 
laws prior to August 1, 1994, rather than March 11, 1993, as in 
current law.
    Section 120 provides the framework for the distribution of 
Federal civil legal assistance to poor individuals in fiscal 
year 1996. The Attorney General is authorized to provide grants 
to States, which then award competitively bid contracts to 
legal assistance providers within designated service areas. All 
legal assistance funds available to States or to entities who 
accept Federal funds under this section are limited to 
addressing the most basic legal needs of poor individuals, and 
are subject to the traditional restrictions placed on Federal 
legal services funding.
    These restrictions will ensure that scarce resources 
available for this purpose are not diverted to costly class 
action or impact litigation, or to activities which promote a 
particular political agenda.
         TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $3,164,383,000 for the 
U.S. Trade Representative, the International Trade Commission, 
and the Department of Commerce for fiscal year 1996. This 
amount is $1,566,327,000 below the total request, $860,784,000 
below the total amount appropriated for these programs for 
fiscal year 1995, and $299,263,000 below the House allowance.
    The Committee notes that the conference report on House 
Concurrent Resolution 67, the fiscal year 1996 budget 
resolution, as passed by the Senate on June 29, 1995, assumes 
elimination of the Department of Commerce. The 602(b) 
allocation established for the subcommittee is based on the 
assumptions contained in the budget resolution. Tight fiscal 
constraints have forced the Committee to set priorities and 
make tough choices concerning the future of several functions 
within the Department. Until Congress decides the future of the 
Department, the Committee has decided that, as a general rule: 
(1) no new offices should be opened; (2) no new staff should be 
hired; and (3) no new construction should be undertaken in 
those areas within the Department which are being considered 
for either major restructuring or elimination. In addition, the 
Committee recommends the elimination and downsizing of several 
functions within the Department. This title provides funding 
for the core functions of the Department that will likely be 
continued in some form regardless of the outcome of the debate 
on the Department's future. Funding has also been provided for 
the Commerce reorganization transition fund which will provide 
for necessary closeout costs for functions targeted for 
elimination and the orderly downsizing of other areas within 
the Department, including voluntary buyouts, consistent with 
the provisions of the Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994.

                  Trade and Infrastructure Development

    The Committee has included under this section of title II, 
the U.S. Office of the Trade Representative, the International 
Trade Commission, and the Department of Commerce agencies 
responsible for trade promotion and enforcement and economic 
infrastructure development.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                Office of the U.S. Trade Representative

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $20,889,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      20,949,000
House allowance.........................................      20,949,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              20,889,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $20,889,000 
for the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative [USTR] for 
fiscal year 1996. This amount is equal to a freeze at fiscal 
year 1995 levels. It is $60,000 below the budget request and 
$60,000 below the House allowance. While the budget request and 
the House allowance were also based on the concept of a freeze, 
the Committee has received information from the Office of 
Management and Budget indicating that $60,000 of the 
$375,000,000 across-the-board cut in administrative and travel 
expenses contained in Public Law 104-19 would be applied to 
USTR.

                     International Trade Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $42,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      47,177,000
House allowance.........................................      42,500,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              34,000,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $34,000,000 
for the International Trade Commission for fiscal year 1996. 
This is a 20-percent reduction for this account, similar to 
reductions for other regulatory agencies provided for in the 
accompanying bill. The amount is $8,500,000 below the 
appropriation for fiscal year 1995 and the House allowance, and 
is $13,177,000 below the budget request.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

                   International Trade Administration

                     Operations And Administration

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $266,093,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     279,558,000
House allowance.........................................     264,855,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             219,579,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $219,579,000 
for the programs of the Commerce Department's International 
Trade Administration [ITA]. The amount provided is a decrease 
of $59,979,000 below the request, a decrease of $46,514,000 
below the appropriations provided for fiscal year 1995, and a 
decrease of $45,276,000 below the House allowance. The 
committee notes that ITA is unauthorized.
    The Committee recommendation reflects the fact that, as of 
August 9, 1995, the Department of Commerce projected $6,600,000 
in end-of-year carryover balances in this unauthorized program. 
The Committee directs that those resources be used to 
supplement ITA activities in fiscal year 1996, bringing total 
budgetary resources available to ITA to $226,179,000 in fiscal 
year 1996, a 15-percent reduction below fiscal year 1995 
funding levels. Expenditures of carryover balances are subject 
to the reprogramming procedures contained in section 605 of the 
accompanying bill.
    The Committee recommendation provides sufficient funding to 
maintain core trade policy, enforcement and trade promotion 
activities.

                         Export Administration

                     Operations And Administration

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $38,644,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      48,441,000
House allowance.........................................      38,644,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              30,504,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $30,504,000 
for the Bureau of Export Administration [BXA]. The amount 
provided is a decrease of $17,937,000 below the amount 
requested, $8,140,000 below the amount appropriated for fiscal 
year 1995, and $8,140,000 below the House allowance. The 
Committee notes that BXA is unauthorized.
    The Committee recommendation reflects the fact that, as of 
August 9, 1995, the Department of Commerce projected $3,140,000 
in end-of-year carryover balances for this account. The 
Committee expects those resources will be used to supplement 
activities in the Bureau of Export Administration in fiscal 
year 1996, bringing total budgetary resources available to BXA 
to $33,644,000 in fiscal year 1996, a $5,000,000 cut below 
fiscal year 1995 funding levels. Expenditures of carryover 
balances are subject to the reprogramming procedures contained 
in section 605 of the accompanying bill.
    The Committee has not provided the requested funding 
related to the Chemical Weapons Convention Treaty because of 
ongoing delays in its ratification. Should there be additional 
progress in the international efforts to ratify the treaty, the 
Committee is willing to entertain a reprogramming of funds for 
this purpose.
    The Committee continues to support the upgrade and 
improvement of the BXA online licensing system as a way to 
eliminate bureaucratic delay and duplication in the licensing 
process.

                  Economic Development Administration

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $409,677,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     438,966,000
House allowance.........................................     348,500,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             100,000,000

    The Economic Development Administration [EDA] provides 
grants to local governments and nonprofit agencies for public 
works, planning, and other projects aimed at facilitating 
economic development.
    The Committee recommends total funding of $100,000,000 for 
the programs and administrative expenses of the Economic 
Development Administration for fiscal year 1996, a total of 
$309,677,000 below fiscal year 1995 and $338,966,000 below the 
request.

                Economic Development Assistance Programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $382,783,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     407,783,000
House allowance.........................................     328,500,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              89,000,000

    The Committee recommendation provides total funding of 
$89,000,000 for economic development assistance programs [EDAP] 
in fiscal year 1996. This amount is a decrease of $318,783,000 
below the budget request and is $239,500,000 below the House 
allowance.
    Within the EDAP accounts, no funds are provided for the 
proposed competitive communities proposal. The Committee 
directs EDA to discontinue the use of single purpose grant 
loans in fiscal year 1996. The Committee recommends that 
economic adjustment grants (title IX) be funded at the fiscal 
year 1995 level of $45,000,000. This amount is $26,000,000 
above the budget request because enactment of a Competitive 
Communities Program was assumed in the request to supplement 
title IX funds.
    The Committee recommends that $36,000,000 be provided for 
defense economic conversion during this time of continued base 
closings. This amount is a reduction of $44,000,000 from the 
request. The Committee also recommends that $8,00,000 be 
provided for planning assistance.
    Language is included in the bill which allows the Secretary 
of Commerce to provide financial assistance to projects located 
on military bases closed or scheduled for closure even prior to 
the grantee having taken title for the property in question. 
Identical language has been carried in the bill for the past 2 
years.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $32,144,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      31,183,000
House allowance.........................................      20,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              11,000,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $11,000,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the Economic Development 
Administration. The amount provided is $20,183,000 below the 
request, and $21,144,000 below the amount made available for 
the current fiscal year. The Committee expects that this 
decreased level of funding will be sufficient to administer the 
programs of the EDA in light of the reduced funding for those 
programs in this bill.

                  Minority Business Development Agency

                     Minority Business Development

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $43,789,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      47,921,000
House allowance.........................................      32,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends elimination of the unauthorized 
Minority Business Development Agency [MBDA] in fiscal year 
1996. This amount is $49,921,000 below the budget request, 
$43,789,000 below fiscal year 1995 funding levels, and 
$32,000,000 below the House allowance.
    The Committee notes that many of MBDA's programs and 
activities are duplicative of, or similar to, work done by the 
Small Business Administration [SBA]. Tight budgetary 
constraints prohibit the Committee from funding overlapping or 
duplicative programs.
    The Committee recognizes that some of the data bases 
maintained at MBDA are unique. Therefore, it directs that the 
MBDA provide to the SBA all data bases and other information 
which might be used to supplement information already available 
to SBA.
    As of August 9, 1995, the Department of Commerce projected 
$1,300,000 in end-of-year carryover balances at MBDA. The 
Committee directs that these funds be used to finance the data 
base transfer mentioned above. Language is included directing 
that remaining carryover balances be used to help cover costs 
associated with the termination of this agency.

                 U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $16,328,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      16,303,000
House allowance.........................................       2,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends elimination of the U.S. Travel and 
Tourism Administration. This amount is $16,328,000 below the 
amount provided for fiscal year 1995, $16,303,000 below the 
budget request, and $2,000,000 below the House allowance.
    The U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration was established 
to coordinate the Federal role in international tourism through 
trade development, trade policy, and statistical research 
programs. The Committee feels that any critical trade 
development programs for the travel industry can be absorbed by 
the International Trade Administration, which is responsible 
for all other industries' trade development and promotion 
activities, within funds provided, and statistical research 
programs for the travel industry can be absorbed by the Bureau 
of Economic Analysis.

                Economic and Information Infrastructure

    The Committee has included under this section of the bill 
the Department of Commerce agencies responsible for the 
Nation's basic economic and technical information 
infrastructure, as well as the administrative functions which 
oversee the development of telecommunications and information 
policy.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $46,896,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      57,220,000
House allowance.........................................      40,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              57,220,000

    The Economic and Statistics Administration [ESA] is 
responsible for the collection, tabulation and publication of a 
wide variety of economic, demographic and social statistics and 
provides support to the Secretary of Commerce and other 
Government officials in interpreting the state of the economy 
and developing economic policy. The Bureau of Economic Analysis 
and the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs are funded in this 
account.
    The Committee notes that statistical data and measures 
compiled by ESA and the Bureau of the Census form the basis of 
nearly all governmental decisionmaking, and support informed 
and intelligent investment strategies in the private sector.
    The Committee, therefore, provides full funding, 
$57,220,000, of the President's request for the economic and 
statistical analysis programs for fiscal year 1996. This amount 
is $10,324,000 more than the amount appropriated for the 
current fiscal year in order to provide adjustments to base, 
and additional resources requested for more accurate 
statistical data relating to measuring the gross domestic 
product and for other purposes. The Committee recommendation is 
$17,220,000 more than the House allowance.

         Economics And Statistics Administration Revolving Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,677,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Economics and Statistics Administration operates a 
revolving fund for the payment of expenses incurred in the 
electronic dissemination of data, including the acquisition and 
public sale of domestic, federally funded and foreign business, 
trade and economic information. The revolving fund was 
initially established in fiscal year 1995 with a one-time 
appropriation of $1,677,000 to capitalize the fund.
    The Committee has included the necessary bill language for 
the continuation of a self-supporting revolving fund for data 
products of the Economics and Statistics Administration, as 
requested.

                          Bureau of the Census

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $278,083,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     338,262,000
House allowance.........................................     271,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             338,262,000

    The Committee notes that statistical data and measures 
compiled by the Bureau of the Census and ESA form the basis of 
nearly all governmental decisionmaking, and support informed 
and intelligent investment strategies in the private sector.
    The Committee therefore, provides the full request of 
$338,262,000 for the Bureau of the Census for fiscal year 1996. 
This amount is an increase of $60,179,000 above the amount 
provided for fiscal year 1995, and is $67,262,000 above the 
House allowance. The Committee's recommendation for the Census 
Bureau accounts are described in more detail below.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $136,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     144,812,000
House allowance.........................................     136,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             144,812,000

    This account provides for the salaries and expenses 
associated with the statistical programs of the Bureau of the 
Census, including measurement of the Nation's economy and the 
demographic characteristics of the population. These programs 
are intended to provide a broad base of economic, demographic, 
and social information used for decisionmaking by governments, 
private organizations, and individuals. The Committee expects 
the Bureau to be fully reimbursed for any survey requested by 
any other Federal agency or private organization.
    The Committee recommendation provides $144,812,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the Bureau of the Census for fiscal 
year 1996, as requested. This amount is $8,812,000 more than 
current year funding and the House allowance, and is equal to 
the budget request.

                     Periodic Censuses And Programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $142,083,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     193,450,000
House allowance.........................................     135,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             193,450,000

    This account provides for the constitutionally mandated 
decennial census, quinquennial censuses, and other programs 
which are cyclical in nature. Additionally, individual surveys 
are conducted for other Federal agencies on a reimbursable 
basis.
    The Committee recommends the full requested amount of 
$193,450,000 for periodic censuses and related programs for 
fiscal year 1996. This amount is an increase of $51,367,000 
above the amount provided for fiscal year 1995, and is 
$58,450,000 above the recommendations in the House-passed bill.
    The recommendation for this account assumes full funding of 
each program under this account as requested. In addition to 
preparation for the decennial census, this includes funding for 
initiatives which benefit State and local governments such as 
the census of governments, and the continuous measurement 
program which will reengineer collection of population and 
housing data.
    Funding during fiscal year 1996 is crucial in order to 
properly prepare for the massive effort required to accomplish 
the year 2000 decennial census. Adequate funding now for proper 
planning and design should save taxpayer funds later during the 
implementation phase of the census. The Committee expects the 
Census Bureau to submit to this Committee and to the 
appropriate authorizing committees, by December 1, 1995, and 
every 6 months thereafter, a report detailing the Bureau's 
progress in producing and implementing a final design for the 
2000 decennial census. The report should provide detailed 
information on the cost, scheduling, and technical issues which 
may effect the Census Bureau's ability to conduct an accurate 
and economical decennial census.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration

                     (Including transfer of funds)

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $97,405,000 
Budget estimate, 1996...................................    133,305,000 
House allowance.........................................     78,709,000 
Committee recommendation................................     15,000,000 

    (By transfer)

                                                             (9,000,000)

    The Committee recommends a total of $15,000,000 in direct 
appropriations and another $9,000,000 by transfer from the 
working capital fund at the Department of Justice for the 
National Telecommunications and Information Administration 
[NTIA] for fiscal year 1996. The Committee notes that the NTIA 
is unauthorized. This amount is $109,305,000 less than the 
budget request, $73,405,000 less than the amount appropriated 
for fiscal year 1995, and $54,709,000 less than the House 
allowance.

                         Salaries And Expenses

                     (Including transfer of funds)

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $20,961,000 
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     22,932,000 
House allowance.........................................     19,709,000 
Committee recommendation................................      5,000,000 

    (By transfer)

                                                             (9,000,000)

    The Committee recommends $5,000,000 in appropriations for 
the salaries and expenses appropriation of the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration [NTIA]. 
Recognizing the importance of interagency coordination of 
spectrum management, analysis, and operations, particularly for 
law enforcement, the Committee has provided an additional 
$9,000,000 by transfer from the working capital fund at the 
Department of Justice for the purpose of fully funding these 
activities. These funds are intended to finance spectrum 
management and to the extent additional funds are made 
available domestic and international policy within NTIA. The 
Committee supports continuation of telecommunications sciences 
research on a reimbursable basis with other Government 
agencies.
    The Committee directs NTIA to review the impact of the 
proosed narrowband policy on law enforcement operations, 
incuding the estimated cost of modifications to or replacement 
of existing radio communications systems, and provide this 
information to the Committee by December 1, 1995.
    The Committee has included legislative language which 
permits the Secretary of Commerce to retain and use as 
offsetting collections all funds transferred from other 
Government agencies for spectrum management, analysis, and 
operations.

       Public Broadcasting Facilities, Planning, And Construction

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $28,983,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       7,959,000
House allowance.........................................      19,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              10,000,000

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for planning and 
construction grants for public television, radio, and 
nonbroadcast facilities. The Committee recommendation is a 
decrease of $18,983,000 below the amount appropriated for this 
program in fiscal year 1995, $9,000,000 below the House 
allowance, and $3,041,000 above the budget request.

                   Information Infrastructure Grants

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $44,962,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      99,912,000
House allowance.........................................      40,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends elimination of the Information 
Infrastructure Grant Program under NTIA for demonstrations of 
new telecommunications technology applications. This amount is 
$99,912,000 below the budget request, $44,962,000 below fiscal 
year 1995 levels, and $40,000,000 below the House allowance.
    The Committee notes that this program has never been 
authorized.

            Endowment for Children's Educational Television

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $2,499,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       2,502,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends no funding for the endowment for 
children's educational television for fiscal year 1996. The 
current year funding level for this account is $2,499,000; 
$2,502,000 was requested for fiscal year 1996. The House 
allowance provided no funding for this program.
    These grants are duplicative of programs funded under other 
agencies and through the private sector and have no 
relationship to other NTIA mission activities.

                      Patent and Trademark Office

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $82,324,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     110,868,000
House allowance.........................................      90,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              56,324,000

    The Patent and Trademark Office [PTO] is charged with 
administering the patent and trademark laws of the United 
States. PTO examines patent applications, grants patent 
protection for qualified inventions, and disseminates 
technological information disclosed in patents. PTO also 
examines trademark applications and provides Federal 
registration to owners of qualified trademarks.
    The Committee recommendation provides $56,324,000 for the 
salaries and expenses appropriation of the Patent and Trademark 
Office. The amount provided is to be appropriated from amounts 
paid into the patent fee surcharge fund. The amount included in 
this bill is in addition to anticipated offsetting fee 
collections of $532,146,000 available directly to the Patent 
and Trademark Office, and projected carryover balances of 
$26,000,000 resulting in a total operating level of 
$614,470,000 for fiscal year 1996. This is an increase of 
$72,756,000, 13.4 percent, over the current fiscal year in 
order to handle an expected increase in workload. This amount 
is a decrease of $54,544,000 below the budget request, and 
$33,676,000 below the House allowance.
    The Patent and Trademark Office receives funding from two 
sources. The vast majority of the funding available to PTO is 
the offsetting fee collections that are deposited directly in 
the appropriations account, and are not subject to further 
action by the Committee. The other source is an appropriation 
from a special fee account in the Treasury that was created 
pursuant to the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 
(Public Law 101-508). This act created new filing fees and user 
fees which were to be deposited in the Treasury for deficit 
reduction. As has been the practice in previous years, the 
Committee is unable to provide the total amount requested from 
this patent fee surcharge fund for fiscal year 1996.

                         Science and Technology

    The Committee has included under this section of title II 
the Department of Commerce agencies involved in technology 
research and development, scientific assessment and prediction 
of environmental phenomena, and the administrative and policy 
functions providing oversight for these activities.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $700,498,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   1,023,050,000
House allowance.........................................     404,100,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             323,337,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $323,337,000 for the 
three appropriations accounts under the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology [NIST] for fiscal year 1996. This 
amount is a reduction of $699,713,000 from the budget request, 
$377,161,000 below the amounts appropriated for fiscal year 
1995, and $80,763,000 below the House allowance. A description 
of each account and the Committee recommendation follows:

             Scientific And Technical Research And Services

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $247,486,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     310,679,000
House allowance.........................................     263,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             222,737,000

    The Committee has provided $222,737,000 for the scientific 
and technical research and services (core programs) 
appropriation of the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology. This amount is a reduction of $24,749,000 below 
fiscal year 1995 funding levels, $87,942,000 below the budget 
request, and a decrease of $40,263,000 below the House 
allowance.
    The Committee recommendation reflects the fact that, as of 
August 9, 1995, the Department of Commerce projected $4,185,000 
in end-of-year carryover balances in this account.
    The Committee directs that these carryover balances should 
be utilized to support these core NIST programs so that total 
budgetary resources provided for this account will exceed 
fiscal year 1994 levels, ensure continued funding of NIST's 
basic research programs, and provide continued support of the 
reimbursable program where NIST performs technical work for 
other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and the 
private sector.
    The Committee understands that NIST is currently 
considering the assignment of personnel to nine overseas posts. 
Each of these posts currently have Commerce Department 
representation through the Commercial Service. The Committee 
does not approve the placement of additional NIST personnel 
overseas. Concerns about the rapid growth of overseas personnel 
from agencies other than the Department of State are addressed 
elsewhere in this report.
    Quality Program.--Within the amount designated for research 
support, the Committee has provided $2,900,000 for the base 
NIST Quality Program, which includes the Malcolm Baldrige 
National Quality Award. The Committee fully endorses the 
continuation of the basic Baldrige award program.

                     Industrial Technology Services

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $418,373,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     642,458,000
House allowance.........................................      81,100,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              76,600,000

    The Committee recommends $76,600,000 funding for the 
industrial technology services appropriation of the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology [NIST]. This amount is 
$341,773,000 below the current appropriation available for 
fiscal year 1995, $565,858,000 below the budget request, and 
$4,500,000 below the House allowance. The Committee 
recommendation reflects the fact that, as of August 9, 1995, 
the Department of Commerce projected $83,838,000 in carryover 
balances in the NIST ``Industrial technology services'' 
account.
    Advanced Technology Program.--The Committee has provided 
funds for the continuation grants in the Advanced Technology 
Program [ATP]. According to information provided to the 
Committee by NIST, no new grants had been awarded this fiscal 
year as June 30, 1995. Despite a prohibition contained in the 
House-passed version of House bill 2076 that no future awards 
be made, the Committee notes that on July 14, 1995, ATP 
announced the 24 new projects receiving first-time Federal 
funding of approximately $60,500,000. The Committee notes that 
despite uncertainty over the future of this program, additional 
awards are planned before the end of the fiscal year. In so 
doing, NIST has jeopardized funding for the continuation of ATP 
grants awarded in fiscal year 1994 and prior years. Of the 
funding provided in this act and $83,838,000 in projected end-
of-year carryover balances in the ``Industrial technology 
services'' account, the Committee directs that $108,600,000 be 
used to finance continuation grants of fiscal year 1994 and 
prior year ATP projects.
    Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program.--Of the funds 
provided in this act and $83,838,000 in projected end-of-year 
carryover balances in the ``Industrial technology services'' 
account, the Committee directs that $51,300,000 be used to 
allow all existing Manufacturing Extension Partnership [MEP] 
Program and Technology Reinvestment Program [TRP] centers 
eligible to receive funding in fiscal year 1996 to remain open 
for one additional year while the future of this program is 
debated. Funding for the continued operation of those eligible 
centers will not include: extension of the unauthorized State 
Technology Extension Partnership [STEP] Program, or any funding 
for Small Business Administration small business development 
centers through NIST. In addition, none of these funds may be 
used to open a new center in fiscal year 1996 or provide for a 
new competition for additional centers.

                  Construction Of Research Facilities

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $34,639,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      69,913,000
House allowance.........................................      60,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              24,000,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $24,000,000 
for construction of NIST facilities. This amount is a decrease 
of $10,639,000 below fiscal year 1995 funding levels, 
$45,913,000 below the budget request, and $36,000,000 below the 
House allowance. The Committee recommendation provides funding 
for maintenance and necessary fire and safety upgrades for 
existing NIST facilities. No funds are provided for new 
construction for this unauthorized program in fiscal year 1996. 
The Committee expects NIST to reassess its building 
requirements in light of reduced program and staffing levels 
and overall budget constraints.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,866,319,000 in new 
budget (obligational) authority for all National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration [NOAA] appropriations. This level of 
funding is $45,385,000 below fiscal year 1995, and is 
$230,390,000 below the budget request. This recommendation is 
$91,909,000 above the House allowance, and includes transfers 
totaling $55,500,000 and fees totaling $3,000,000.

                  Operations, Research, And Facilities

                     (including transfers of funds)

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $1,806,092,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   2,018,135,000
House allowance.........................................   1,721,452,000

Committee recommendation

                                                           1,806,092,000

    The ``Operations, research, and facilities'' account of 
NOAA encompasses spending for the agencies which administer 
coastal and ocean research programs, fisheries programs, 
weather forecasting, and atmospheric research. In a year of 
extreme budgetary pressures the Committee recommendation makes 
funding for ocean, coastal, fisheries, and atmospheric programs 
a high priority by recommending funding for the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration near the current year 
level. However, the Committee expects NOAA and the Department 
of Commerce to continue to explore ways to streamline programs 
and to move toward privatization of some of the functions 
funded under this account.
    The Committee recommends discretionary appropriations of 
$1,806,092,000 for operations, research, and facilities for 
fiscal year 1996. This amount is the same as current year 
funding, including transfers, and is $212,043,000 below the 
budget request. This level is $84,640,000 above the House 
allowance. As requested, the Committee recommendation includes 
a transfer of $55,500,000 from balances in the account 
entitled, ``Promote and develop fishery products and research 
pertaining to American fisheries'', leaving approximately 
$9,265,000 remaining in the fund for Saltonstall-Kennedy 
grants. The total amount provided also includes a transfer of 
$3,900,000 from the damage assessment revolving fund.
    Because of a noted lack of information in the budget 
justifications provided to Congress for programs within NOAA 
accounts, the Committee directs the Commerce Department and 
NOAA to develop a revised budget structure that displays the 
amounts requested, including any requested increase or 
decrease, under a true program office and activity structure. 
This budget structure should clearly identify and segregate 
amounts requested for headquarters and field office components 
of various activities as well as indicate the amounts intended 
for external grants or contracts. The Committee expects the 
Commerce Department and NOAA to develop this budget structure 
in consultation with the Committee on Appropriations and the 
appropriate authorizing committees, and to use this revised 
budget structure in the submission of its fiscal year 1997 
budget request. In addition, the Committee expects NOAA and the 
Department of Commerce to adhere to the direction given in this 
section of the Committee report and to adhere to the 
reprogramming procedures outlined in the general provisions of 
the accompanying bill.
    The Committee recommendations by program are displayed in 
the following table:

                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     1996                               
                        1995        budget    1996 House     Committee  
                   appropriation    request    allowance  recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  NATIONAL OCEAN                                                        
     SERVICE                                                            
                                                                        
Mapping,                                                                
 charting, and                                                          
 geodesy:                                                               
    Mapping and                                                         
     charting....        27,899       31,086      35,000        31,086  
    Automated                                                           
     nautical                                                           
     charting                                                           
     system II...         1,250        2,500       2,500         2,500  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        29,149       33,586      37,500        33,586  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Geodesy......        18,667       19,927      20,927        20,927  
    SC                                                                  
     Cooperative                                                        
     geodetic                                                           
     survey......         1,000   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Land                                                                
     information                                                        
     system......         1,000   ..........  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        20,667       19,927      20,927        20,927  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       mapping,                                                         
       charting,                                                        
       and                                                              
       geodesy...        49,816       53,513      58,427        54,513  
                  ======================================================
Observation and                                                         
 assessment:                                                            
    Observation                                                         
     and                                                                
     prediction..        12,358       12,899      11,000        11,000  
    Circulatory                                                         
     survey                                                             
     program.....           700          700  ..........           700  
    Chesapeake                                                          
     Bay                                                                
     observation                                                        
     buoys.......           400   ..........         400  ..............
    Ocean                                                               
     services....         4,418        4,451       3,000         3,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        17,876       18,050      14,400        14,700  
                  ======================================================
    Estuarine and                                                       
     coastal                                                            
     assessment..         2,674        3,130       2,674         2,674  
    Ocean                                                               
     assessment                                                         
     program.....        24,528       21,925      14,600        21,925  
    Damage                                                              
     assessment..         1,200        4,500       1,200         3,200  
    Transfer from                                                       
     damage                                                             
     assessment                                                         
     fund........         6,770        6,550       6,550         6,550  
    Oil Pollution                                                       
     Act of 1990.         1,300        1,395       1,000         1,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        36,472       37,500      26,024        35,349  
                  ======================================================
    Coastal ocean                                                       
     science:                                                           
        Coastal                                                         
         ocean                                                          
         program.         7,943       18,541       5,000        13,000  
        Oilspill                                                        
         research           800   ..........  ..........  ..............
        National                                                        
         Institut                                                       
         e of                                                           
         Environm                                                       
         ental                                                          
         Renewal.           500   ..........  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
            Subto                                                       
             tal.         9,243       18,541       5,000        13,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
            Total                                                       
             ,                                                          
             obse                                                       
             rvat                                                       
             ion                                                        
             and                                                        
             asse                                                       
             ssme                                                       
             nt..        63,591       74,091      45,424        63,049  
                  ======================================================
Ocean and coastal                                                       
 management:                                                            
    Coastal                                                             
     management:                                                        
        CZM                                                             
         grants..        45,500       46,637      41,000        46,637  
        Estuarine                                                       
         research                                                       
         reserve                                                        
         system..         3,350        4,214  ..........  ..............
        Estuarine                                                       
         manageme                                                       
         nt plans         1,000   ..........  ..........         1,000  
        Nonpoint                                                        
         pollutio                                                       
         n                                                              
         control.         5,000        8,000  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Subtota                                                       
           l.....        54,850       58,851      41,000        47,637  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Ocean                                                               
     management:                                                        
     Marine                                                             
     sanctuary                                                          
     program.....         8,961       12,371      11,000        12,371  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
        Total,                                                          
         ocean                                                          
         and                                                            
         coastal                                                        
         manageme                                                       
         nt......        63,811       71,222      52,000        60,008  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
        Total,                                                          
         National                                                       
         Ocean                                                          
         Service.       177,218      198,826     155,851       177,570  
                  ======================================================
 NATIONAL MARINE                                                        
FISHERIES SERVICE                                                       
                                                                        
Information                                                             
 collection and                                                         
 analyses:                                                              
    Resource                                                            
     information.        65,973       86,467      72,835        75,467  
    Conservation                                                        
     engineering                                                        
     by catch....           800          800  ..........           800  
    Antarctic                                                           
     research....         1,200        1,200       1,000         1,200  
    Fishery                                                             
     resource                                                           
     data error                                                         
     reduction...           960          960  ..........           960  
    Marine mammal                                                       
     research....         2,314        2,314       1,650         2,314  
    Protected                                                           
     species                                                            
     research....         3,630        3,630       1,800         3,630  
    Chesapeake                                                          
     Bay studies.         1,890        1,890       1,000         1,500  
    Right whale                                                         
     research....           214          214  ..........           214  
    Gear                                                                
     entanglement                                                       
     studies.....           651          651  ..........  ..............
    MARFIN.......         3,780        3,780       3,000         3,000  
    SEAMAP.......         1,340        1,340         700         1,340  
    Aquaculture..         2,500        2,500  ..........         2,500  
    Alaskan                                                             
     groundfish                                                         
     surveys.....           661          661         661           661  
    Bering Sea                                                          
     pollock                                                            
     research....           945          945         945           945  
    West coast                                                          
     groundfish..           780          780         780           780  
    New England                                                         
     stock                                                              
     depletion...         1,116        1,116       1,000         1,000  
    Hawaii stock                                                        
     management                                                         
     plan........           500   ..........  ..........           500  
    Yukon River                                                         
     chinook                                                            
     salmon......           700          700         500           700  
    Winter Run                                                          
     chinook                                                            
     salmon......           250          250  ..........           250  
    Atlantic                                                            
     salmon                                                             
     research....           710          710         500           710  
    Gulf of Maine                                                       
     groundfish                                                         
     survey......           567          567         450           567  
    Dolphin/                                                            
     yellowfin                                                          
     tuna                                                               
     research....           500          500  ..........           500  
    Habitat                                                             
     research/                                                          
     evaluation..           470          470         450           450  
    Pacific                                                             
     Salmon                                                             
     Treaty                                                             
     Program.....         5,587        5,587       5,000         5,587  
    Fisheries                                                           
     Cooperative                                                        
     Institute...           410          410  ..........           410  
    Hawaiian monk                                                       
     seals.......           520          520  ..........           520  
    Stellar sea                                                         
     lion                                                               
     recovery                                                           
     plan........         1,440        1,440         720         1,440  
    Hawaiian sea                                                        
     turtles.....           240          240  ..........           240  
    Atlantic                                                            
     bluefin tuna                                                       
     research....           300   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Halibut/                                                            
     sablefish...         1,200        1,200       1,200         1,200  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...       102,148      121,842      94,191       109,385  
                  ======================================================
Fishery industry                                                        
 information:                                                           
    Fish                                                                
     statistics..        11,937       14,187      13,000        13,000  
    Alaska                                                              
     groundfish                                                         
     monitoring..         5,200        5,200       5,200         5,200  
    PACFIN/catch                                                        
     effort data.         2,300        2,300       2,300         3,000  
    Recreational                                                        
     fishery                                                            
     harvest                                                            
     monitoring..         2,900        2,900       2,900         2,900  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        22,337       24,587      23,400        24,100  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
Information                                                             
 analyses and                                                           
 dissemination...        20,913       22,606      18,373        20,913  
Computer hardware                                                       
 and software....         5,000        5,000       4,000         4,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        25,913       27,606      22,373        24,913  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       informatio                                                       
       n,                                                               
       collection                                                       
       , and                                                            
       analyses..       150,398      174,035     139,964       158,398  
                  ======================================================
Conservation and                                                        
 management                                                             
 operations:                                                            
    Fisheries                                                           
     management                                                         
     programs....        15,856       25,034      16,000        20,034  
    Columbia                                                            
     River                                                              
     hatcheries..        10,300       10,300       9,000        10,300  
    Columbia                                                            
     River                                                              
     endangered                                                         
     species                                                            
     studies.....           288          288         140           288  
    Regional                                                            
     councils....         8,556       10,200       9,000        10,200  
    International                                                       
     fisheries                                                          
     commissions.         1,250          400         395           400  
    Management of                                                       
     George's                                                           
     Bank........           480          480         478           478  
    Beluga whale                                                        
     committee...           200   ..........         200           200  
    Pacific tuna                                                        
     management..         2,000        2,000  ..........         2,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        38,930       48,702      35,213        43,900  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Protected                                                           
     species                                                            
     management..         4,939        6,368       5,000         5,000  
    ESA listing                                                         
     and status                                                         
     review......           930          930  ..........           930  
    Tissue bank                                                         
     and                                                                
     stranding                                                          
     network.....           295          295  ..........           295  
    Driftnet Act                                                        
     implementati                                                       
     on..........         3,000        3,000       2,500         3,278  
    Marine Mammal                                                       
     Protection                                                         
     Act.........         8,000       10,250       6,000        10,250  
    Endangered                                                          
     Species Act                                                        
     recovery                                                           
     plan........         7,000       14,800       3,000        14,800  
    Fishery                                                             
     observer                                                           
     training....           300   ..........         300           417  
    East coast                                                          
     observers...           700          700         350           350  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        25,164       36,343      17,150        35,320  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Habitat                                                             
     conservation         7,979       10,665       8,000         8,000  
    Enforcement                                                         
     and                                                                
     surveillance        15,460       18,445      15,500        16,061  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       conservati                                                       
       on and                                                           
       management                                                       
       operations        87,533      114,155      75,863       103,281  
                  ======================================================
    State and                                                           
     industry                                                           
     assistance                                                         
     programs:                                                          
        Interjuri                                                       
         sdiction                                                       
         al                                                             
         fisherie                                                       
         s grants         3,156        3,156       2,000         3,156  
        Anadromou                                                       
         s grants         2,108        2,108       1,500         2,108  
        Anadromou                                                       
         s                                                              
         fishery                                                        
         project.           250          250  ..........           250  
        North                                                           
         Atlantic                                                       
         fishery                                                        
         project.         2,800   ..........  ..........  ..............
        Interstat                                                       
         e fish                                                         
         commissi                                                       
         ons.....         4,000        4,000       2,000         4,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Subtota                                                       
           l.....        12,314        9,514       5,500         9,514  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Fisheries                                                           
     Development                                                        
     Program:                                                           
        Fisheries                                                       
         trade                                                          
         promotio                                                       
         n                                                              
         activiti                                                       
         es......         1,500        1,500  ..........  ..............
        Product                                                         
         quality                                                        
         and                                                            
         safety..         9,155        9,624      10,000         9,624  
        Hawaiian                                                        
         fisherie                                                       
         s                                                              
         developm                                                       
         ent.....           750   ..........  ..........           750  
        Marine                                                          
         biotechn                                                       
         ology...         2,000        2,000  ..........         2,000  
        Seafood                                                         
         inspecti                                                       
         on......         5,000        5,000  ..........         5,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Subtota                                                       
           l.....        18,405       18,124      10,000        17,374  
                  ======================================================
          Total,                                                        
           State                                                        
           and                                                          
           indust                                                       
           ry                                                           
           assist                                                       
           ance                                                         
           progra                                                       
           ms....        30,719       27,638      15,500        26,888  
                  ======================================================
    Fisheries add-                                                      
     on                                                                 
     (undistribut                                                       
     ed).........  .............  ..........      20,000  ..............
          Total,                                                        
           Nation                                                       
           al                                                           
           Marine                                                       
           Fisher                                                       
           ies                                                          
           Servic                                                       
           e.....       268,650      315,828     251,327       288,567  
                  ======================================================
   OCEANIC AND                                                          
   ATMOSPHERIC                                                          
     RESEARCH                                                           
                                                                        
Climate and air                                                         
 quality                                                                
 research:                                                              
    Interannual                                                         
     and seasonal                                                       
     climate                                                            
     research....         8,000        8,284      60,346         8,000  
                  ======================================================
    Long-term                                                           
     climate and                                                        
     air quality                                                        
     research....        27,272       39,144      27,272        27,272  
    VENTS........         2,496   ..........  ..........         2,500  
    High                                                                
     performance                                                        
     computing...         5,500       15,558       6,500         6,500  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        32,772       54,702      33,772        36,272  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Climate and                                                         
     global                                                             
     change/GLOBE        63,837       96,542  ..........        63,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       climate                                                          
       and air                                                          
       quality...       104,609      159,528      94,118       107,272  
                  ======================================================
Atmospheric                                                             
 programs:                                                              
    Weather                                                             
     research....        33,613       34,720      33,613        33,613  
    Wind profiler         4,350        4,350       4,350         4,350  
    Federal/State                                                       
     weather                                                            
     modification                                                       
     grants......         3,100   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Southeastern                                                        
     storm                                                              
     research....           400   ..........  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        41,463       39,070      37,963        37,963  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Solar/                                                              
     geomagnetic                                                        
     research....         5,483        7,839       5,483         5,483  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       atmospheri                                                       
       c program.        46,946       46,909      43,446        43,446  
                  ======================================================
Ocean and Great                                                         
 Lakes programs:                                                        
    Marine                                                              
     prediction                                                         
     research....         9,506       10,226       9,506        10,226  
    GLERL........         4,558        4,558       4,000         4,000  
    Great Lakes                                                         
     nearshore                                                          
     research....           200          200  ..........           200  
    VENTS........         2,496   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Southeastern                                                        
     United                                                             
     States/                                                            
     Caribbean                                                          
     FOCI Program           450   ..........  ..........  ..............
    GLERL/zebra                                                         
     mussel......           911   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Lake                                                                
     Champlain                                                          
     study.......           150   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Pacific                                                             
     Island                                                             
     technical                                                          
     assistance..           190   ..........  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        18,461       14,984      13,506        14,426  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Sea grant:                                                          
        Sea grant                                                       
         college                                                        
         program.        49,000       49,400      53,300        50,400  
        Sea                                                             
         grant--o                                                       
         yster                                                          
         disease.         1,500   ..........  ..........  ..............
        Sea                                                             
         grant--z                                                       
         ebra                                                           
         mussel..         2,800   ..........  ..........  ..............
        National                                                        
         Coastal                                                        
         R&D;                                                            
         Institut                                                       
         e.......         1,000   ..........  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Subtota                                                       
           l.....        54,300       49,400      53,300        50,400  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Undersea                                                            
     Research                                                           
     Program:                                                           
        NOAA                                                            
         Undersea                                                       
         Research                                                       
         Program.        14,432   ..........  ..........        14,432  
        Regional                                                        
         marine                                                         
         research                                                       
         centers.         1,500   ..........  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Subtota                                                       
           l.....        15,932   ..........  ..........        14,432  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Total,                                                        
           Ocean                                                        
           and                                                          
           Great                                                        
           Lakes                                                        
           Progra                                                       
           m.....        88,693       64,384      66,806        79,258  
                  ======================================================
          Total,                                                        
           oceani                                                       
           c and                                                        
           atmosp                                                       
           heric                                                        
           resear                                                       
           ch....       240,248      270,821     204,370       229,976  
                  ======================================================
 NATIONAL WEATHER                                                       
     SERVICE                                                            
                                                                        
Operations and                                                          
 research:                                                              
    Local                                                               
     warnings and                                                       
     forecasts...       320,762      330,963     405,300       393,100  
    MARDI........       115,946       84,787  ..........  ..............
    WSFO's--maint                                                       
     ain eight                                                          
     stations....           752          752  ..........  ..............
    Data buoy                                                           
     maintenance                                                        
     for Hawaii..           542          542  ..........           542  
    Pacific and                                                         
     Alaska                                                             
     region                                                             
     headquarters           366          366  ..........           366  
    Agricultural                                                        
     and fruit                                                          
     frost                                                              
     program.....         2,316   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Fire weather                                                        
     services....           449   ..........  ..........  ..............
    Susquehanna                                                         
     River basin                                                        
     flood system         1,250          669         669         1,250  
    Aviation                                                            
     forecasts...        35,596       35,596      35,596        35,596  
    Flood warning                                                       
     system/                                                            
     Colorado                                                           
     River.......           288          288  ..........  ..............
    Regional                                                            
     climate                                                            
     centers.....         3,200   ..........  ..........         3,000  
    California                                                          
     data buoys..           200          200  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...       481,667      454,163     441,565       433,854  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Central                                                             
     forecast                                                           
     guidance....        29,015       30,457      28,193        28,193  
    Atmospheric                                                         
     and                                                                
     hydrological                                                       
     research....         2,487        2,669       2,000         2,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       operations                                                       
       and                                                              
       research..       513,169      487,289     471,758       464,047  
                  ======================================================
Systems                                                                 
 acquisition:                                                           
    Public                                                              
     warning and                                                        
     forecast                                                           
     systems:                                                           
        Nexrad...        82,982       55,249      53,335        53,335  
        ASOS.....        17,515       16,952      16,952        16,952  
        AWIPS/                                                          
         NOAA--po                                                       
         rt......        34,947       52,097      50,000        50,000  
        Computer                                                        
         facility                                                       
         upgrades         9,985       12,745      12,000        12,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Total,                                                        
           system                                                       
           s                                                            
           acquis                                                       
           ition.       145,429      137,043     132,287       132,287  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
          Total,                                                        
           Nation                                                       
           al                                                           
           Weathe                                                       
           r                                                            
           Servic                                                       
           e.....       658,598      624,332     604,045       596,334  
                  ======================================================
     NATIONAL                                                           
  ENVIRONMENTAL                                                         
 SATELLITE, DATA,                                                       
 AND INFORMATION                                                        
     SERVICE                                                            
                                                                        
Satellite                                                               
 observing                                                              
 systems:                                                               
    Polar                                                               
     spacecraft                                                         
     and                                                                
     launching...       146,228      198,824     184,765       184,765  
    Polar                                                               
     convergence/                                                       
     IPO.........        16,000       54,000      39,500        39,500  
    Landsat......  .............      12,000  ..........        10,000  
    Geostationary                                                       
     spacecraft                                                         
     and                                                                
     launching...       132,242      179,101     162,273       150,106  
    Ocean remote                                                        
     sensing.....         6,000        1,600  ..........         5,000  
    Environmental                                                       
     observing                                                          
     services....        51,271       55,912      49,000        49,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       satellite                                                        
       observing                                                        
       systems...       351,741      501,437     435,538       438,371  
                  ======================================================
Environmental                                                           
 data management                                                        
 systems.........        24,365       28,564      24,365        24,365  
Data and                                                                
 information                                                            
 services........        11,300       15,100      11,300        11,300  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       environmen                                                       
       tal data                                                         
       management                                                       
       systems...        35,665       43,664      35,665        35,665  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       National                                                         
       Environmen                                                       
       tal                                                              
       Satellite,                                                       
       Data, and                                                        
       Informatio                                                       
       n Service.       387,406      545,101     471,203       474,036  
                  ======================================================
 PROGRAM SUPPORT                                                        
                                                                        
Administration                                                          
 and services:                                                          
    Executive                                                           
     direction                                                          
     and                                                                
     administrati                                                       
     on..........        25,490       25,882      20,000        20,000  
    Systems                                                             
     Program                                                            
     Office [SPO]         1,798        2,607       1,500         1,500  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal...        27,288       28,489      21,500        21,500  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
    Central                                                             
     administrati                                                       
     ve support..        37,853       54,749      30,000        33,300  
    Retired pay                                                         
     commissioned                                                       
     officers....         7,706        7,889       7,706         7,706  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       administra                                                       
       tion and                                                         
       services..        72,847       91,127      59,206        62,506  
                  ======================================================
Marine services..        62,011       62,202      60,000        60,000  
                  ======================================================
Aircraft services         9,153        9,853       9,500         9,153  
Instrumentation..         1,300          395  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       aircraft                                                         
       services..        10,453       10,248       9,500         9,153  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total,                                                            
       program                                                          
       support...       145,311      163,577     128,706       131,659  
                  ======================================================
Direct                                                                  
 obligations.....     1,877,431    2,118,485   1,815,502     1,898,142  
Reimbursable                                                            
 obligations.....       316,216      313,715     309,715       309,715  
Anticipated                                                             
 offsetting                                                             
 collections.....         6,000        3,000       3,000         3,000  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal,                                                         
       reimbursab                                                       
       le                                                               
       obligation                                                       
       s.........       322,216      316,715     312,715       312,715  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
      Total                                                             
       obligation                                                       
       s.........     2,199,647    2,435,200   2,128,217     2,210,857  
                  ======================================================
Financing:                                                              
    Deobligations       -16,000      -18,000     -30,000       -30,000  
    Unobligated                                                         
     balance                                                            
     transferred,                                                       
     net.........  .............      -2,650  ..........        -2,650  
    Anticipated                                                         
     offsetting                                                         
     collections.        -3,000       -3,000      -3,000        -3,000  
    Federal funds      -280,607     -279,911    -272,207      -272,207  
    Non-Federal                                                         
     funds.......       -41,609      -33,804     -37,508       -37,508  
                  ------------------------------------------------------
Budget authority.     1,861,431    2,097,835   1,785,502     1,865,492  
Financing from:                                                         
    Promote and                                                         
     develop                                                            
     American                                                           
     fisheries...       -55,500      -55,500     -57,500       -55,500  
    Damage                                                              
     assessment                                                         
     and                                                                
     restoration                                                        
     revolving                                                          
     fund........        -6,770       -3,900      -6,550        -3,900  
    Transfer from                                                       
     BPA.........  .............     -10,300  ..........  ..............
    Mandatory                                                           
     fish fees                                                          
     (ITQ's).....  .............     -10,000  ..........  ..............
                  ------------------------------------------------------
Appropriation,                                                          
 ORF.............     1,799,161    2,018,135   1,721,452     1,806,092  
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.

                         National Ocean Service

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$177,570,000 for activities of the National Ocean Service [NOS] 
for fiscal year 1996, instead of $177,218,000 in funding for 
fiscal year 1995, and $198,826,000 as requested.
    The Committee recommendation includes the full request of 
$46,637,000 for coastal zone management [CZM] section 306 and 
306(a) grants, which is $5,637,000 more than the House 
allowance. Funding for CZM program administration is to be 
covered under amounts made available through the coastal zone 
management fund. In addition, the Committee has provided 
$4,300,000 for the National Estuarine Research Reserve Program 
under the separate appropriation from the coastal zone 
management fund. The Committee has included the final year of 
funding, at the same level as current year funding, for the 
estuarine special area management plan.
    For mapping and charting, the Committee recommendation 
includes the requested amount of $33,586,000, instead of an 
increase as provided in the House-passed bill. The Committee 
supports efforts to privatize the charting and mapping 
functions and expects NOAA to rely more on use of contract 
vessels for these purposes instead of on its own fleet.
    The Committee recommends $20,927,000 for NOAA's geodesy 
programs. Of this amount, $1,000,000 is included for 
continuation of geodetic survey work being conducted in South 
Carolina. The geodesy programs relate to measurements and 
analysis of data relating to precise latitudinal and 
longitudinal positioning with a variety of applications.
    The Committee has included the requested amount of 
$12,371,000 for the National Marine Sanctuary Program. The 
Committee expects that the total overhead charged to the 
National Marine Sanctuaries Program in fiscal year 1996 will 
not be in excess of the program's demands on those resources. 
The Committee is aware of concerns related to the proposal to 
designate a new marine sanctuary site in Puget Sound, WA. The 
Committee also recognizes the efforts being made by State and 
local officials, through existing programs, to manage the 
unique resources in Puget Sound. The Committee, therefore, 
directs NOAA to work with State and local officials to 
strengthen existing programs without final designation of the 
Northwest Strait National Marine Sanctuary in the waters of 
Puget Sound prior to January 1, 1997.
    The Committee has provided $13,000,000 for the Coastal 
Ocean Program. The Committee expects the program to maintain 
institute research on high-salinity estuaries at current 
funding levels.

                   National Marine Fisheries Service

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$290,618,000 for the programs of the National Marine Fisheries 
Service [NMFS] for fiscal year 1996. This amount is $25,210,000 
less than the budget request, and is $21,968,000 more than the 
current year funding level. The amount provided under the 
Committee recommendation is $39,291,000 above the House 
allowance. The Committee has recommended funding, as shown in 
the preceding table, for a variety of important research and 
information programs which are designed to promote a 
sustainable use of valuable marine resources.
    The Committee recommendation provides the full requested 
amount of $10,300,000 for the Mitchell Act hatcheries, but 
rejects the administration request for a transfer from the 
Bonneville Power Administration. Funding for critical fish 
screens is provided under the ``Construction'' account. In 
addition, the Committee directs NMFS to cooperate fully with 
the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to accelerate feasibility 
studies and to speed design, construction, and testing of 
several promising systems for salmon recovery.
    The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for the PACFIN, the 
Pacific fishery information network. Of the increase over the 
request in this account, the Committee has provided $520,000 
for an Alaska fisheries information network [AKFIN] to be 
located in Alaska and managed by the Pacific States Marine 
Fisheries Commission. The expansion of the U.S. groundfish 
fishery off Alaska requires the development of a complex data 
collection system to document: harvest, bycatch, other 
discards, fishing effort, production by species, vessel, 
processor, location and date, and to compile other needed 
information.
    The Committee has provided $2,900,000 for the RECFIN 
program. The Committee expects that the programs for the west 
coast, Atlantic States, and Gulf States shall each receive one-
third of these funds, with continued funding for the red drum 
assessment and tagging effort in South Carolina and for aerial 
surveys for red drum recapture and age composition study in the 
Gulf of Mexico. Funding for any supplemental region-specific 
projects is to be derived from the overall fish statistics line 
item.
    The Committee has recommended a funding level of 
$75,467,000 for resource information within the National Marine 
Fisheries Service, an increase of $9,494,000. Within this 
account, not less than $250,000 is included for continued 
support of laboratory experimental bycatch research on 
commercially important west coast and North Pacific finfish by 
the Fisheries Behavioral Ecology Program of the Alaskan 
Fisheries Science Center at Newport, and not less than $850,000 
is included to continue the MARMAP program.
    The Committee directs NMFS to immediately convene a team of 
experts to scientifically peer review and examine all the 
information available on its March 14, 1995, sea turtle, shrimp 
fishery emergency response plan [ERP] and the NMFS and NOAA sea 
turtle conservation restrictions applicable to shrimp trawling 
activities announced in the May 3, 1995, Federal Register. The 
Committee directs that individuals with appropriate scientific 
expertise nominated by the shrimp fishing industry and the 
conservation community be part of the peer process and team. 
The Committee also directs NMFS to immediately seek detailed 
recommendations and analysis from affected shrimp fishing 
industry members and the conservation community on its March 
14, 1995, restrictions, including a detailed assessment of the 
economic impact on the affected shrimp fishing industry. The 
Assistant Administrator for NMFS shall convene immediate 
meetings with representatives of such groups to review and 
develop such recommendations.
    The Committee directs NMFS to work with the shrimp fishing 
industry to revise its March 14, 1995, emergency response plan 
and its May 3, 1995, restriction to include the results of the 
scientific peer review and the alternatives for lessening the 
economic impact on the shrimp fishing industry. These 
alternatives may include exemptions to using turtle excluder 
devices [TED's] in smaller try nets. NMFS is directed to 
publish for public comment and input only the revised plans for 
the March 14, 1995, ERP and the May 3, 1995, restrictions by 
August 30, 1995. The Committee directs NMFS and the Department 
of Commerce not to implement any shrimp fishery closures that 
may result from the March 14, 1995, ERP prior to December 31, 
1995.
    For purposes of recovering the Kemps Ridley sea turtle 
population, NOAA's Office of Protected Resources shall expend 
$250,000 in protecting the nesting beaches of Kemps Ridley 
turtles in Rancho Nuevo, Mexico, and in enhancing the success 
of nesting on such beaches. For the purposes of monitoring of 
the sea turtle stranding and salvage network [STSSN], NOAA's 
Office of Protected Resources shall expend $500,000 to 
establish a systematic stranding monitoring program that is 
developed in cooperation with the shrimp fishing industry. The 
Committee expects NMFS to allow for industry participation in 
the monitoring program. For purposes of researching alternative 
methods to turtle excluder devices, NOAA's Office of Protected 
Resources shall allocate $750,000 to fund the independent 
research and development of alternative methods to reduce the 
incidental capture of sea turtles in shrimp trawls by academic 
institutions and the shrimp industry.
    The Committee commends the Secretary's request for 
continued funding for NOAA's ongoing mission at the Marine 
Science Center in Newport, OR, and has provided not less than 
$400,000 to meet this request. The Committee expects these 
funds to be released in a timely fashion.
    The recommendation includes $4,000,000 for interstate fish 
commissions. This amount includes not less than $200,000 for 
each of the three interstate commissions.
    Of the $2,250,000 increase, the Committee has provided for 
the Marine Mammal Protection Act in fiscal year 1996, $250,000 
shall be made available to the State of Alaska to assist in the 
implementation of marine mammal take reduction plans in the 
fisheries off Alaska. In addition, the Committee recommends 
$1,440,000 for the Steller sea lion recovery plan. Of this 
amount, $825,000 is for work performed by the State of Alaska.
    The Committee recommends $5,200,000 for Alaska groundfish 
monitoring, of which $1,100,000 is available only for crab 
management and research. Of this $1,100,000, $250,000 is 
directed for use by the State of Alaska to implement a Federal 
fishery management plan for crab. The remaining $850,000 shall 
be used for a crab research program to be jointly developed by 
the State of Alaska and NMFS. The Committee directs that 
$600,000 of the total provided be used for rockfish research, 
of which $250,000 shall be provided to the Alaska Department of 
Fish and Game. In addition, $300,000 shall be made available to 
the Bering Sea Fishermen's Association for community 
development quota implementation work in western Alaska.
    The Committee has provided the 1994 enacted level of 
$3,278,000 for implementation of the High Seas Driftnet 
Fisheries Enforcement Act, and wishes to clarify that these 
funds may be used to implement the North Pacific Anadromous 
Stocks Convention Act and the Central Bering Sea Fisheries 
Enforcement Act as well. The Committee expects that observer 
training for observers in the North Pacific groundfish and 
shellfish fisheries at the North Pacific Fisheries Observer 
Training Center will be fully funded by the Secretary using 
funds from the North Pacific observer fund once the North 
Pacific Research Program is fully implemented.
    The Committee has provided $150,000 to NMFS to conduct an 
independent peer reviewed scientific study of the red snapper 
stock and an independent analysis of the red snapper management 
plan to better define the condition of red snapper stock, 
provide a basis for better management and assess the economic 
impact of management actions on the commercial industry. The 
Committee expects the survey and analysis to be conducted with 
the direct participation of the fishing industry.
    Within this account, the Committee has provided $330,000 to 
the North Pacific Marine Science Foundation for research 
undertaken by the North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal 
Consortium to determine the cause of the stellar sea lion 
decline in the North Pacific, as long as a matching amount is 
made available by non-Federal sources. The amount provided by 
the Committee includes $400,000 for the NMFS Honolulu 
laboratory to develop strategies to prevent overfishing for the 
long-term viability of swordfish.

                    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$229,976,000 for oceanic and atmospheric research, instead of 
$270,811,000 as requested, and $204,370,000 as passed by the 
House.
    Within this account the Committee recommendation provides 
funding at the current year level of $8,000,000 for interannual 
and seasonal climate research, and funds the Climate and Global 
Change Program separately at a level of $63,000,000, which is 
$26,504,000 less than the budget request. The House report 
merged these accounts into one funding line. Within the amount 
provided by the Committee for this account, NOAA may allocate 
funds to continue the global learning and observations to 
benefit the environment [GLOBE] program at up to its current 
level. The Committee directs NOAA, in implementing this 
program, to maintain or enhance its level of collaboration with 
the extramural research community, and to allocate all funds 
through the competitive, peer-review process currently in 
place.
    The Committee recommends funding for long-term climate and 
air quality research at a level of $36,272,000. Included within 
this amount is $2,500,000 for the VENTS Program, which was 
assumed in the budget request within the climate and global 
change funding level.
    The Committee appreciates the timely NOAA report on tsunami 
hazard mitigation in response to concerns raised by the 
Committee about tsunami preparedness for the United States. The 
Committee is in agreement with the primary recommendation of 
the report that a Federal/State working group be formed to 
discuss the 12 NOAA recommendations and write a plan of action. 
The Committee directs NOAA to serve as lead agency by forming 
the group by November 1, 1995, and submitting the action plan 
by March 31, 1996. NOAA should spend no more than $50,000 for 
group meetings and preparation of the action plan. The 
Committee directs the Federal/State working group to formulate 
a budget to implement the tsunami hazard mitigation action 
plan.
    The Committee has provided $14,432,000, the current year 
level, for the National Undersea Research Program, and directs 
that each NURP center receive at least $1,876,000 of these 
funds. The Committee is aware that funding levels have resulted 
in a reduction in undersea research activities, and directs 
that priority be given to centers which have received the 
greatest reductions in allocating the excess funds after each 
center has received the minimum $1,876,000.
    The Committee recommendation includes $50,400,000 for the 
Sea Grant Program, including the full request for the Sea Grant 
College Program and continued funding of the National Coastal 
Resource Research and Development Institute at the current year 
level.
    A recommendation is included to fund marine prediction 
research under ocean and Great Lakes programs at a level of 
$10,226,000, the same as the request. From this amount, the 
Committee directs that the Southeast Fisheries-Oceanography 
Coordinated Investigations Program, the Lake Champlain study, 
and the Pacific Island technical assistance program be funded 
at current year levels.

                        National Weather Service

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$596,334,000 for the National Weather Service [NWS] for 
operations, acquisitions, and research, as compared to 
$624,332,000 in the budget request, $658,598,000 as provided 
for the current year, and $604,045,000 as in the House 
allowance. The Committee expects the reductions in staffing 
required by this 9-percent reduction in total funding to be 
applied proportionately to headquarters and administrative 
activities.
    The Committee directs the National Weather Service to 
follow the standard reprogramming procedures found in section 
605 of the general provisions of the accompanying bill before 
implementing any reduction, including any proposed for 
personnel in American Samoa and for the Stoneville, MS station 
below levels in effect at the end of fiscal year 1995.
    The total amount of funding recommended for operations and 
research is $433,854,000. This includes a consolidated amount 
for local warnings and forecasts, and for the modernization and 
associated restructuring demonstration [MARD] of $393,100,000.
    Of the $433,854,000 that the Committee has provided for 
operations and research, the Committee strongly urges that 
$3,600,000 be provided for the National Weather Service Alaska 
Aviation Weather Unit to implement a ground turbulence and 
aviation icing forecasting project to improve aviation weather 
forecasts in Alaska. Of the $3,600,000, the Committee would 
recommend that $1,000,000 should be made available for work on 
the project by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, 
and $200,000 should be made available for work on the project 
by the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
    The Committee recommendation assumes that the National 
Weather Service will continue to look for areas where 
privatization of services might be cost effective. The 
Committee supports the National Weather Service effort to 
privatize the fire weather services, and to phase out the fruit 
frost weather service program by the end of the upcoming fall 
and winter freeze season in April 1996.
    The amount provided includes the full request for aviation 
forecasts. The Committee has not provided funding for the NWS 
to continue the augmentation/backup of the automated surface 
observing system [ASOS] units at NWS airport locations that 
will have commissioned ASOS units in service in fiscal year 
1996. The Committee's mark assumes that the Federal Aviation 
Administration will assume these responsibilities in fiscal 
year 1996, and directs NOAA and the FAA to assess this 
possibility and make a report to the Committee no later than 
December 15, 1995, regarding proper placement of these 
functions.
    The Committee has provided the request for $16,952,000 for 
the automated surface observing system acquisition, a reduction 
of $563,000 from the current year level. The Committee is aware 
of a recent report regarding technical problems in 
commissioning ASOS sites. The Committee understands that there 
are off-the-shelf solutions to these problems, but that 
implementation has been slow. The Committee directs NOAA to 
provide a report no later than October 1, 1995, on the intended 
solutions to the technical and installation problems associated 
with this program including the timeline for implementation for 
those solutions.
    The recommendation includes $50,000,000 for the advanced 
weather interactive processing system [AWIPS]. The Committee is 
very concerned by delays and design problems which might raise 
the cost of this important piece of the Weather Service 
modernization plan beyond the resources available to the 
Committee.

  National Environmental and Satellite, Data, and Information Service

    The Committee recommendation funds the National 
Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service [NESDIS] 
at a level of $474,036,000 for fiscal year 1996. This is a 
decrease of $71,065,000 from the budget request, and is an 
increase of $86,630,000 above the current fiscal year funding.
    For the Polar Satellite Program, the Committee has provided 
a total of $184,765,000. Of that amount, $39,500,000 is for the 
interagency program office to converge the polar satellite 
programs at NOAA and at the Department of Defense [DOD]. The 
Committee recommendation assumes that NOAA and DOD share 
equally in the costs of all common activities in fiscal year 
1996 and recommends that this approach be used in subsequent 
years as well.
    The Committee recommends funding in the amount of 
$10,000,000 for procurement of the ground system to capture 
data from Landsat 7. The Committee recognizes the valuable role 
that ocean remote sensing can play in the management of marine 
fisheries and has provided $5,000,000 for this purpose.

                            Program Support

    The Committee recommendation provides $131,659,000 for the 
NOAA program support functions. This is $31,918,000 less than 
the request, $13,652,000 less than current year funding, and 
$2,953,000 more than the House allowance.
    While central support services are important in giving 
direction to an agency the size of the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration, much more needs to be done to 
streamline the layers of bureaucracy within NOAA.
    The Committee recommendation freezes the level of central 
support funding at the current year level. The budget request 
called for a $16,896,000 increase in this area. In addition, 
the recommendation includes a 21-percent reduction, as in the 
House allowance for NOAA executive direction and 
administration. This amount assumes a staffing level of no more 
than 350 positions for this activity. This action is consistent 
with reductions taken in executive direction functions 
elsewhere in the Department of Commerce. The Committee expects 
NOAA to examine its headquarters office structure and eliminate 
those offices which are unnecessary or redundant.
    The Committee recommendation provides $60,000,000 for 
marine services. This account funds the operation of a fleet of 
vessels with capabilities to conduct research and measurements 
in line with the mission of NOAA. The fleet consists of a total 
of 24 vessels, 18 of those in active service at this time. 
Under the ``Fleet modernization'' account discussed below, the 
Committee has provided funds only for operation of the current 
fleet, and for planning the future acquisition of fleet 
services from private contractors in order to fulfill NOAA's 
mission activities. Funding is provided near the full request 
this year for marine services to avoid a disruption in NOAA 
research activities. In view of the minimal funding for fleet 
modernization in the accompanying bill, the Committee directs 
NOAA to utilize the UNOLS (university) fleet to the maximum 
extent possible for its research needs.
    The Committee recommendation includes $9,500,000 for 
operation of NOAA aircraft services. The Committee expects NOAA 
to reassess the necessity to support aircraft not meeting 
minimum usage standards and consider alternatives to NOAA 
ownership and operation of its aircraft.

                      Coastal Zone Management Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................    ($7,800,000)
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     (7,800,000)
House allowance.........................................     (7,800,000)

Committee recommendation

                                                             (7,800,000)

    This fund consists of loan repayments arising from the 
former Coastal Energy Impact Program which are transferred to 
the ``Operations, research, and facilities'' account for 
program grants.
    As in the House-passed bill, the Committee has included 
language in the bill which makes available $7,800,000 in the 
coastal zone management [CZM] fund for administration of the 
CZM program, for State development grants in accordance with 
the authorization set forth in sections 308(b)(2)(A) and 
308(b)(2)(B)(v) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, and for the 
National Estuarine Research Reserve Program set forth in 
section 315(e) of the Coastal Zone Management Act. The budget 
request provided these funds for only CZM program management 
and other purposes authorized by section 308 of the CZMA.
    The Committee intends that $3,000,000 shall be available 
from the fund for program administration and program grants, 
and that $500,000 shall be available for State development 
grants. The remaining $4,300,000 is to be available for the 
National Estuarine Research Reserve Program.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $82,254,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      52,299,000
House allowance.........................................      42,731,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              50,000,000

    This account provides for construction, repair, and 
modification of new facilities and additions to existing 
facilities, planning, design, and land acquisition. The 
Committee recommends a total funding level of $50,000,000 for 
NOAA's ``Construction'' account. This is a 40-percent decrease 
from the level appropriated for fiscal year 1995.
    The Committee recommendation provides the amount of the 
budget request for $1,988,000 for NOAA research facilities, 
$1,506,000 for the Sandy Hook lease, $16,093,000 for Nexrad WFO 
construction, and $6,713,000 for NOAA facilities maintenance. 
In addition, the Committee recommends funding of $4,700,000 for 
Columbia River facilities, $3,000,000 for environmental 
compliance, $1,000,000 for national centers for environmental 
prediction, and $4,000,000 for continuation of facilities 
upgrades at the National Marine Fisheries Service Southeast 
laboratory.
    The Committee has provided $10,000,000 requested by the 
administration for the cleanup of property formerly owned by 
NOAA on the Pribilof Islands. This funding is provided to 
remediate contaminated soil, to close and remediate landfills, 
diesel seep sites, debris sites, solid and liquid wastes, to 
remove public safety hazards, to fund the planning and the 
construction of landfills, and to fund other cleanup and 
removal activities that may be necessary on St. George and St. 
Paul Islands, AK.
    The Committee recommendation for construction includes 
$500,000 for the renovation of the National Marine Fisheries 
Service Honolulu laboratory's facilities. The facilities are 
severely overcrowded, do not comply with Americans with 
Disabilities Act standards, and post fire and environmental 
hazards. The recommendation also includes $500,000 for 
architectural and engineering studies regarding critical space 
requirements at the Newport Marine Science Center.
    The Committee directs NOAA to complete architectural and 
engineering work on the new NOAA facility in Juneau, AK, using 
previously appropriated funds for such purpose. NOAA is 
directed to provide a complete estimate of the cost of the 
facility to the Committee as soon as this work is completed, 
and to recommend the most cost-effective way to pay for the new 
facility, including, if appropriate, a long-term leasing 
arrangement with a non-Federal entity.

           Fleet Modernization, Shipbuilding, And Conversion

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $22,936,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      23,347,000
House allowance.........................................       8,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               8,000,000

    The Committee recommendation provides an appropriation of 
$8,000,000 for the ``Fleet modernization, shipbuilding, and 
conversion'' account. This is a decrease of $15,347,000 below 
the budget request, and is $14,936,000 below the current year 
funding level. This is the same funding level provided by the 
House.
    The accompanying bill contains a provision in section 612 
which restricts use of these funds so that no funding is 
provided to carry out the NOAA fleet modernization plan for 
fiscal year 1996. The Committee directs that the funds provided 
under this account be used only for the necessary expenses for 
the operation of the existing fleet, including repairs 
essential for health and safety. As discussed under the account 
heading ``Marine Services'', it is the intention of the 
Committee that NOAA consider options other than the revised 
fleet modernization plan recently submitted to Congress 
including complete decommissioning of the fleet. The Committee 
directs NOAA to submit a report by December 15, 1995, detailing 
the feasibility of decommissioning the fleet, including an 
assessment of quality and availability of replacement services 
from private and nonprofit sources, and providing a direct 
comparison of the costs of achieving a set number of days at 
sea with the current fleet, under a partial decommissioning of 
the fleet, and under a full decommissioning of the NOAA fleet 
and corps.

            Fishing Vessel And Gear Damage Compensation Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,273,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       1,282,000
House allowance.........................................       1,032,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               1,032,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $1,032,000 for the 
fishing vessel and gear damage compensation fund. This amount 
is a decrease of $250,000 below the budget request, a decrease 
of $241,000 below the amount available for the current fiscal 
year, and the same as the House allowance. It is estimated that 
there will be $250,000 carried over in this account, thus 
providing the full amount required for fiscal year 1996.
    The fishing vessel and gear damage fund provides 
compensation to U.S. fishermen whose vessels have been lost, 
damaged, or destroyed by foreign or domestic vessels. Revenue 
sources for this fund include: (1) surcharges not to exceed 20 
percent of the fee imposed for any foreign fishing vessel 
permit issued under the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and 
Management Act; (2) administrative fees paid by claimants; (3) 
revenues from deposits or investments of fund balances not 
immediately required; and (4) funds not to exceed $5,000,000 
borrowed from the Treasury in the event the fund balance is 
insufficient to pay claims.

                      Fishermen's Contingency Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $999,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       1,000,000
House allowance.........................................         999,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 999,000

    The Committee recommends $999,000 for the fishermen's 
contingency fund, which is $1,000 below the budget request and 
equal to the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1995.
    The fishermen's contingency fund provides compensation to 
U.S. fishermen for damage or loss of fishing gear and any 
resulting loss because of natural or man-made obstructions 
related to oil and gas exploration, development, and production 
on the Outer Continental Shelf. The Secretary of Commerce is 
authorized to establish an area account within the fund for any 
area within the Outer Continental Shelf. A holder of a lease, 
permit, easement, or right-of-way in such area is required to 
pay a fee into the appropriate area account in the fund. Each 
area account, if depleted, will be replenished by assessment. 
The authorization stipulates that amounts available in each 
area account can be disbursed only to the extent provided by 
appropriations acts. Since receipts collected may not be 
sufficient for this appropriation, the Committee has included 
language which provides that the sums necessary to eliminate 
the insufficiency may be derived from the general fund of the 
Treasury.

                     Foreign Fishing Observer Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $400,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         396,000
House allowance.........................................         196,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 196,000

    The Committee recommends $196,000 for the foreign fishing 
observer fund for fiscal year 1996. This amount is a decrease 
of $200,000 below the budget request, and a reduction of 
$204,000 from the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1995. It 
is estimated that $200,000 will carry over under this account 
into fiscal year 1996, thus providing the full amount requested 
for the year.
    Fees paid into the fund are collected from owners and 
operators of certain foreign fishing vessels that fish within 
the U.S. fishery conservation zone. The fund supports salaries 
of U.S. observers and program support personnel, other 
administrative costs, and the cost of data management and 
analysis.

                 Fishing Vessel Obligations Guarantees

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $250,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         250,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommendation provides $250,000 for fishing 
vessel obligations guarantees. This amount of funding is the 
same as the 1995 level, and is the same as the budget request. 
It is $250,000 more than the House allowance.
    The Committee recommends that this loan guarantee program 
be used only for purposes which do not result in 
overcapitalization, including: the refinancing of existing 
debt; renovation and repair of existing vessels and facilities; 
construction of new shoreplants for underutilized species, 
aquaculture, and waste reduction; and the replacement of 
obsolete vessels of similar size and harvesting capacity. The 
Committee directs that no loan guarantee be made for any new 
vessel that will increase the harvesting capacity in any U.S. 
fishery.

                       Technology Administration

       Office of the Under Secretary/Office of Technology Policy

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $8,242,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      13,906,000
House allowance.........................................       5,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends elimination of the Technology 
Administration's Office of the Under Secretary/Office of 
Technology Policy. This amount is $13,906,000 lower than the 
budget request, $8,242,000 below fiscal year 1995 funding 
levels, and $5,000,000 below the House allowance.
    The primary mission of the organizations funded under this 
account is to coordinate the administration's civilian 
technology initiative. Considering the program reductions and 
eliminations made in the Commerce technology programs and the 
debate over the existence of the Department of Commerce, the 
Committee believes these unauthorized organizations are no 
longer necessary and that any necessary management functions 
can be absorbed into NIST's core programs.

                 National Technical Information Service

                          NTIS Revolving Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $7,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee has included no appropriated funds for the 
National Technical Information Service [NTIS] revolving fund. 
This is a decrease of $8,000,000 below the current available 
appropriation. The recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 
1996 budget request and the House allowance.

                         General Administration

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $36,471,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      35,826,000
House allowance.........................................      29,100,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              29,100,000

    This account provides for the Office of the Secretary and 
for staff offices of the Department which assist in the 
formulation of policy, management, and administration.
    The Committee recommendation provides $29,100,000 for the 
Commerce Department's salaries and expenses appropriation for 
fiscal year 1996. This amount is a decrease of $6,726,000 below 
the budget request, is a decrease of $7,371,000 below the 
amount appropriated for the current fiscal year, and is the 
same as the House allowance. The amount provided is based on a 
10-percent reduction below the fiscal year 1995 level for 
departmental staff services and a 25-percent reduction below 
fiscal year 1995 funding levels for executive direction of the 
Commerce Department. Some of the costs associated with 
downsizing efforts proposed for the Commerce Department within 
this title will be provided for in the Commerce reorganization 
transition fund described below.
    The Committee continues to support the United States-Israel 
Science and Technology Commission, which brings together the 
private sectors of these two high-technology nations to 
facilitate breakthroughs in the areas of biotechnology, energy, 
agriculture, and defense conversion. The Committee expects the 
Commerce Department to fulfill its commitment of $2,500,000 for 
this program in fiscal year 1996 within available resources. 
This proposal would be subject to the standard transfer and 
reprogramming procedures set forth under sections 205 and 605 
of the accompanying bill.

                    Office of the Inspector General

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $16,887,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      22,249,000
House allowance.........................................      21,849,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              21,849,000

    This appropriations account provides for salaries and 
expenses of the Office of the Inspector General in support of 
its efforts to enhance efficiency and detect fraud, waste, and 
abuse in Commerce Department programs and operations.
    The Committee recommends $21,849,000 for the Commerce 
Department's Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 
1996. This amount is an increase of $4,962,000 above current 
appropriations level, but is a reduction of $400,000 below the 
budget request. This recommendation is the same amount as 
provided for in the House-passed bill.
    The amount provided reflects approval of base transfers 
totaling $3,576,000 from other Commerce Department agencies 
related to audits performed under the Chief Financial Officers 
Act. In addition, the program increase provided will allow the 
inspector general to perform audits of all the Department's 
revolving funds, trust funds, and substantial commercial 
activities, a critical activity considering proposals to 
privatize these functions.

                Commerce Reorganization Transition Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                             $52,000,000

    The Committee recommends $52,000,000 for a new account: the 
Commerce reorganization transition fund as authorized in 
section 206 of this act. The proposed fund would be under the 
control of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce. It may be used 
for the purpose of paying necessary costs associated with the 
shutdown, orderly downsizing, or reorganization of the 
functions of the Commerce Department as required under this 
title.
    Resources provided to this fund either directly or by 
transfer may be used to finance voluntary separation incentive 
payments consistent with the Federal Workforce Restructuring 
Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-226). Language authorizing this new 
account is provided in section 206 of this act.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce that were included in the fiscal 
year 1995 appropriations act (Public Law 103-317).
    Section 201 makes Commerce Department funds in the bill 
available for advanced payments only upon certification of 
officials designated by the Secretary that such payments are 
considered to be in the public interest.
    Section 202 makes appropriations for the Department in the 
bill for salaries and expenses available for the hire of 
passenger motor vehicles, and for services, uniforms, and 
allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 203 prohibits any of the funds in the bill to be 
used to support hurricane reconnaissance aircraft and 
activities that are under the control of the U.S. Air Force or 
the U.S. Air Force Reserve.
    Section 204 prohibits the use of Commerce Department funds 
in this or any previous act from being used for the purpose of 
reimbursing the unemployment trust fund or any other account of 
the Treasury to pay unemployment compensation for temporary 
census workers for services performed after April 20, 1990.
    Section 205 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts. The 
language provides that no account may be decreased by more than 
5 percent or increased by more than 10 percent. The language 
also makes the transfers subject to the Committee's standard 
reprogramming procedures.
    Section 206 authorizes the Commerce reorganization 
transition fund which shall be under the control of the 
Director of the Office of Management and Budget in consultation 
with the Secretary of Commerce. The fund is to be used only for 
the purpose of eliminating, downsizing, or reorganizing 
functions within the Department of Commerce consistent with the 
provisions of this title. It is intended to cover downsizing 
costs including voluntary buyouts, consistent with the 
Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-226), 
including payments to the civil service retirement and 
disability fund.
                        TITLE III--THE JUDICIARY

    The funds provided in title III of the accompanying bill 
are for the operation and maintenance of the U.S. courts and 
include the salaries of judges, magistrates, supporting 
personnel, and other expenses of the Federal judiciary. In 
addition to the funds described below, the Committee recently 
provided funds through emergency supplemental appropriations 
for antiterrorism initiatives to address immediate security 
concerns for judges and support personnel. Much of the 
$16,640,000 provided under that legislation will carry over 
into fiscal year 1996.
    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$3,097,708,000 for the judiciary. This amount includes the full 
requested funding of $263,891,000 for salaries and retirement 
funds of the Justices and judges which are considered mandatory 
for budget purposes. The recommendation also provides an 
additional $2,833,817,000 in discretionary funding for other 
judiciary programs under this title, including $30,000,000 from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund. This discretionary 
amount is an increase of $181,691,000 over funding for fiscal 
year 1995.
    The budget request submitted by the judiciary for fiscal 
year 1996 totals $3,335,994,000. The discretionary portion of 
the request, $3,072,103,000, represents an increase of 
$421,117,000, or 16 percent, over the enacted amounts for 
fiscal year 1995. Of this amount, $30,700,000 is requested from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund. The Committee 
recommendation is $238,286,000 below the request, but assumes 
that a significant amount of 1995 funds will carry over in some 
accounts in order to provide additional funding.
    The Federal judiciary represents the crucial link in our 
system of justice between law enforcement, prosecution, and 
sentencing of criminals. Adequate funding for this 
responsibility is an important part of the Committee's efforts 
this year to attack the proliferation of violent crime in our 
society. During a time of severe budgetary constraints, the 
Committee intends that increased funding for the judiciary 
provided here be used in an efficient manner to fund increased 
workload demands arising from increased funding for law 
enforcement efforts provided for in title I of the accompanying 
bill.

                   Supreme Court of the United States

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $27,240,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      29,837,000
House allowance.........................................      29,147,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              29,147,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $29,147,000 for the 
Supreme Court of the United States for fiscal year 1996. The 
total amount is provided in two separate appropriation accounts 
as follows:

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $24,240,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      25,834,000
House allowance.........................................      25,834,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              25,834,000

    The Committee recommends $25,834,000 for fiscal year 1996 
for the salaries and expenses of the Justices, their supporting 
personnel, and the costs of operating the Supreme Court, 
excluding the care of the building and grounds. The Committee 
recommendation is $1,594,000 more than the current year 
appropriation, and is equal to the budget request for this 
account.

                    Care Of The Building And Grounds

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $3,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       4,003,000
House allowance.........................................       3,313,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               3,313,000

    The Committee recommends $3,313,000 for fiscal year 1996 
for personnel and other services relating to the Supreme Court 
building and grounds, which is supervised by the Architect of 
the Capitol. The recommendation is $313,000 more than the 
current year appropriation, but is $690,000 less than the 
request.
    The Committee recommendation includes reductions to the 
base of $180,000, and allows $305,000 for the highest priority 
security-related program increases requested for this account. 
The Committee expects the Architect of the Capitol to endeavor 
to find efficiencies in service so that projects not funded 
here, such as renovation of the Office of the Clerk of the 
Court, might be considered in the future.

             U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $13,438,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      15,495,000
House allowance.........................................      14,070,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              14,288,000

    The Committee recommends $14,288,000 for fiscal year 1996 
for the salaries and expenses of the U.S. Court of Appeals for 
the Federal Circuit. The Committee recommendation is $850,000 
more than the current year appropriation, and is $1,207,000 
less than the request.
    The Committee recommendation provides the requested 
adjustments to base and funds additional court security officer 
positions, but does not include funding for other additional 
court personnel as requested this year.

                   U.S. Court of International Trade

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $10,685,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      10,859,000
House allowance.........................................      10,859,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              10,859,000

    The Committee recommends the full requested amount of 
$10,859,000 for fiscal year 1996 for the salaries and expenses 
of the U.S. Court of International Trade. The Committee 
recommendation is an increase of $174,000 over the 1995 level 
and is the same as the House allowance.

    Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $2,340,127,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   2,645,965,000
House allowance.........................................   2,409,024,000

Committee recommendation

                                                           2,471,195,000

    This account provides for the salaries of judges, 
magistrates, and all other officers and employees of the 
Federal judiciary not otherwise provided for, and for all 
necessary expenses, including charges for space and facilities.
    The Committee recommends a total of $2,501,195,000 for this 
account for fiscal year 1996, including $30,000,000 from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund as authorized in Public Law 
103-322. The Committee recommendation is a reduction of 
$175,460,000 from the budget request, but is $161,068,000 above 
the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1995, and is 
$50,671,000 above the House allowance. In addition, the 
Committee understands that the judiciary will carry over an 
estimated $71,366,000 resulting from unanticipated fee revenue 
in fiscal year 1995, allowing for a total fiscal year 1996 
operating level of $2,572,561,000 for this account.
    The amount provided within this recommendation reflects a 
$25,500,000 reduction from initially requested adjustments to 
base because of revised estimates of salary and space needs 
stemming from delays in filling judicial vacancies. This amount 
includes a $13,400,000 reduction to be applied to space and 
facilities, and $12,100,000 to be applied to article III judges 
and supporting personnel.
    The Committee recognizes the need for all branches of 
Government to share the burden of budgetary constraint, but has 
provided increases in this account because of the increasing 
workload faced by the Federal courts. Within the overall 
funding level provided, the judiciary is encouraged to fund 
judicial priorities, such as additional magistrate judges to 
eliminate existing backlogs in caseloads, through economies and 
savings it identifies.
    Violent crime reduction trust fund.--The Committee has 
provided $30,000,000 for the judiciary from the violent crime 
reduction trust fund for fiscal year 1996 instead of 
$30,700,000 as requested. No funds were provided from the trust 
fund for the judiciary in fiscal year 1995. The Committee 
intends that amounts provided be used to offset base 
expenditures related to carrying out provisions of the Violent 
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The Committee 
expects the judiciary to transmit a notification detailing the 
proposed distribution of the amounts provided under the violent 
crime reduction trust fund.

               The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $2,250,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       2,320,000
House allowance.........................................       2,318,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               2,318,000

    The Committee recommends a reimbursement of $2,318,000 for 
fiscal year 1996 from the special fund to cover expenses of the 
claims court associated with processing cases under the 
National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. This amount is 
the same as provided by the House and is an increase of $68,000 
above the amount appropriated for the current fiscal year.

                           Defender Services

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $240,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     295,761,000
House allowance.........................................     260,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             274,433,000

    This account funds the operation of the Federal public 
defender and community defender organizations and the 
compensation, reimbursement, and expenses of attorneys 
appointed to represent persons under the Criminal Justice Act, 
as amended.
    The Committee recommends $274,433,000 for fiscal year 1996 
for this account. This is an increase of $33,933,000 from the 
fiscal year 1995 level and a reduction of $20,761,000 from the 
request. The fiscal year 1995 amount does not reflect 
$27,000,000 in carryover balances that were used to supplement 
funding in that year. No carryover balances are projected for 
fiscal year 1996.
    It is the Committee's intention that death penalty resource 
centers (post conviction defender organizations) be terminated 
as in the House-passed bill. The House bill halts all funding 
for this program on October 1, 1995. The Committee understands 
that a 6-month transition period may be useful in order for the 
judiciary to close out these centers in an efficient manner. 
Bill language is included to restrict any funds from being used 
for these centers after April 1, 1996.

                    Fees Of Jurors And Commissioners

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $54,346,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      72,008,000
House allowance.........................................      59,028,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              59,028,000

    The Committee recommends $59,028,000 for fiscal year 1996 
for the fees and allowances of grand and petit jurors and for 
the compensation of land commissioners and jury commissioners. 
This represents a reduction of $318,000 from the fiscal year 
1995 amount and a reduction of $12,980,000 from the budget 
request.
    The Committee recommendation reflects estimates of 
carryover balances of $7,980,000. In addition, reduced juror 
activity should result in program decreases of approximately 
$5,000,000. Thus, the amount provided will allow for the 
anticipated operational needs of this program.

                             Court Security

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $97,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     116,433,000
House allowance.........................................     109,724,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             102,000,000

    This account provides for the necessary expenses of 
security and protective services for the U.S. courts in 
courtrooms and adjacent areas. Funds under this account may be 
used directly or transferred to the U.S. Marshals Service which 
has been delegated authority for the contracting of guard 
services and the acquisition of security equipment.
    The Committee recommendation of $102,000,000 for court 
security for fiscal year 1996 is an increase of $5,000,000 over 
the amount provided for fiscal year 1995 and a reduction of 
$14,433,000 from the budget request. While this amount is 
$7,724,000 below the House provision, it fully funds the 
judiciary's most recent cost estimate for security needs. This 
appropriation, along with funds provided for in the fiscal year 
1995 supplemental related to the Oklahoma City bombing will 
fund an additional 474 court security officers and related 
equipment in fiscal year 1996.

                Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $47,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      53,445,000
House allowance.........................................      47,500,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              47,500,000

    This appropriation provides funds for the administration 
and management of the U.S. courts, including the probation and 
bankruptcy systems, but excluding the Supreme Court.
    The Committee recommends $47,500,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts for 
fiscal year 1996, a freeze at the current fiscal year 1995 
enacted level. This reduction of $5,945,000 from the budget 
request reflects the budgetary pressures on this Committee and 
the need to hold down administrative expenses in all areas of 
Government.
    Phaseout of the U.S. Parole Commission.--The Committee 
expects the Administrative Office to work with the U.S. Parole 
Commission to conduct a joint study to assess the feasibility 
of transferring all remaining workload of the Parole Commission 
to the judiciary by September 30, 1996. The Committee expects a 
report on the findings of this study by March 1, 1996.

                        Federal Judicial Center

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $18,828,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      20,771,000
House allowance.........................................      18,828,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              17,000,000

    The Committee recommends $17,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Federal Judicial Center for fiscal year 1996, a 
reduction of $1,828,000 from the fiscal year 1995 appropriation 
and $3,771,000 from the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation provides for no program 
increases and assumes that reductions will be made in the 
research and technology functions of the center, some of which 
overlap with functions performed by the Administrative Office 
of the Courts.

                       Judicial Retirement Funds

                    Payment To Judiciary Trust Funds

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $28,475,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      32,900,000
House allowance.........................................      32,900,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              32,900,000

    The Committee recommends $32,900,000 for the payment to the 
judicial officers' retirement fund, the judicial survivors' 
annuities fund, and the claims court judges' retirement fund 
for fiscal year 1996. This amount is equal to the budget 
request, and is $4,425,000 more than the current year 
appropriation for this account. These funds are considered 
mandatory for budgetary purposes.
    These funds will cover the estimated annuity payments to be 
made to retired bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges, claims 
court judges and spouses and dependent children of deceased 
judicial officers.

                       U.S. Sentencing Commission

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $8,800,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       9,500,000
House allowance.........................................       8,500,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               7,040,000

    The Committee recommends $8,500,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the U.S. Sentencing Commission for fiscal year 
1996. This represents a reduction of 20 percent below the 
amount provided for the current fiscal year and a reduction of 
$2,460,000 below the budget request.
    The purpose of the Commission is to establish, review, and 
revise sentencing guidelines, policies, and practices for the 
Federal criminal justice system. The Commission is also 
required to monitor the operation of the guidelines and to 
identify and report necessary changes to the Congress.

                   General Provisions--The Judiciary

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
in the bill for the Judiciary.
    Section 301 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations acts, to permit funds in the bill for salaries 
and expenses for the judiciary to be available for employment 
of experts and consultant services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 
3109.
    Section 302 provides language included in previous 
appropriations acts which authorizes appropriations for the 
special court of appeals established under the Regional Rail 
Reorganization Act of 1973, Public Law 93-236.
    Section 303 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations acts, which permits up to 5 percent of any 
appropriation made available for fiscal year 1996 to be 
transferred between judiciary appropriation accounts with the 
proviso that no appropriation shall be decreased by more than 5 
percent or increased by more than 10 percent by any such 
transfer. In addition, the language provides that any such 
transfer shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under 
section 605 in the general provisions of the accompanying bill 
and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure except 
in compliance with the procedures set forth in that section.
    Section 304 provides language permitting not to exceed a 
total of $10,000 for expenses of official reception and 
representation expenses incurred by the Judicial Conference of 
the United States.
           TITLE IV--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES

    The subcommittee's 602(b) budget authority allocation for 
nondefense discretionary spending is $4,683,030,000 below the 
President's request, $2,354,000,000 below a freeze at fiscal 
year 1995 levels, and $1,289,000,000 below the House 
allocation. Under these severe budgetary constraints, the 
Committee has had to make difficult choices and set priorities. 
The Committee has undertaken a comprehensive review of current 
spending here in the United States and internationally. In 
total, the amounts recommended in this title for the Department 
of State, the U.S. Information Agency [USIA] and the Arms 
Control and Disarmament Agency [ACDA] are below the authorized 
levels set forth in the fiscal year 1996-99 authorization bill, 
Senate bill 908, the Foreign Relations Revitalization Act of 
1995, as reported by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on 
June 9, 1995, by $897,539,000. Every program contained in this 
title is at or below the authorization level provided in that 
bill.
    On January 26, the Vice President issued a press release 
announcing the second phase of the ``National Performance 
Review'' for foreign affairs agencies. The press release 
stated: ``It is anticipated that the overall review of 
international affairs programs and agencies will result in 
savings of at least $5,000,000,000 over 5 years and a 
substantially enhanced capacity to deliver more effective 
programs overseas and provide value to the American taxpayer.'' 
Requests by the chairman, the ranking member, and other members 
of the Committee for the details of the administration's 
$5,000,000,000 savings plan were denied.
    This lack of cooperation from the administration has given 
the Committee no choice but to initiate a similar savings plan 
of its own aimed at reducing overlap and duplication in the 
current foreign affairs bureaucracy. In this process, the 
Committee has taken great pains to ensure that those at 
management positions in each of the affected agencies under the 
subcommittee's jurisdiction--the Department of State, the U.S. 
Information Agency, and the Arms Control and Disarmament 
Agency--will have flexibility to determine the appropriate 
structure for a leaner, more efficient, and more effective 
foreign policy apparatus.
    Senate bill 908 provides for the consolidation of USIA and 
ACDA with the State Department by March 1, 1997. As in the 
House bill, the Committee has placed funding for USIA and ACDA 
within this title to put in one place the accounts within the 
subcommittee's jurisdiction that would be merged into the State 
Department during fiscal year 1997 under that bill. In 
recognition of the Foreign Relations Committee's proposed 
consolidation plan and a similar one which passed the House 
earlier this year, the Committee recommends the establishment 
of a foreign affairs reorganization transition fund consistent 
with the provisions of Senate bill 908. This fund will be used 
to pay the necessary costs associated with an orderly 
reorganization and downsizing of these agencies. Resources 
provided to this fund may be used to finance voluntary 
separation incentive payments consistent with the Federal 
Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994. In addition, this title 
provides for the immediate consolidation of the inspector 
general offices of the Department of State and USIA.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    The Committee recommends a total of $3,321,890,000 for 
fiscal year 1996 for the Department of State. This amount is 
$880,422,000 less than the budget request for fiscal year 1996, 
$821,760,000 less than the fiscal year 1995 appropriations for 
the Department, and $702,556,000 below the House allowance.
    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$2,479,171,000 for the appropriation accounts under 
administration of foreign affairs; $803,000,000 for the 
appropriation accounts under international organizations and 
conferences; $39,719,000 for international commissions; and no 
funding for the Asia Foundation. The Committee's recommended 
priorities for the Department of State are described in more 
detail below.

                   Administration of Foreign Affairs

                    diplomatic and consular programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $1,725,328,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   1,758,858,000
House allowance.........................................   1,727,878,000

Committee recommendation

                                                           1,562,585,000

    This appropriation account provides for the formulation and 
execution of U.S. foreign policy, including the conduct of 
diplomatic and consular relations with foreign countries, 
diplomatic relations with international organizations, and 
related activities. This account primarily funds the overseas 
programs and operations of the Department of State.
    The Committee recommends $1,562,585,000 for the 
``Diplomatic and consular programs'' account, including 
$9,720,000 for security enhancements requested as part of the 
administration's July 17, 1995 antiterrorism budget amendment. 
The Committee recommendation represents a 10-percent 
reduction--$172,463,000--below fiscal year 1995 levels in the 
regular program funded in this account and an increase of 
$9,720,000 for increased security at overseas posts. The 
recommended funding level is $196,273,000 lower than the budget 
request, and $164,713,000 below the House allowance. The 
recommendation will require a reduction of $228,593,000 below 
the amount required to maintain the fiscal year 1995 operations 
level in fiscal year 1996, and will require substantial 
personnel reductions, post closings, and other streamlining and 
savings initiatives. The costs associated with these 
initiatives will be funded in part through the foreign affairs 
reorganization transition fund.
    The recommendation provides $24,856,000 for the Diplomatic 
Telecommunications Service [DTS-PO] as recommended by the 
House. Language is included consistent with Public Law 103-317 
which withholds these funds from obligation until 15 days after 
a progress report on the DTS-PO pilot program is submitted to 
Congress.
    The Committee urges that the President, on behalf of all 
affected U.S. agencies, submit a DTS-PO management plan to the 
appropriate committees by December 1, 1996. The plan should 
include a system configuration for the network, a funding 
profile to maintain and upgrade the system, and a reimbursement 
plan to cover the direct and indirect costs of operating the 
DTS network once system improvements have been achieved.
    The Committee has included language in the bill, requested 
by the administration, which will provide not to exceed 
$700,000 in registration fees collected pursuant to section 45 
of the State Department Basic Authorities Act for activities of 
the Office of Defense Trade Controls. The Committee has also 
included a language provision under this heading which provides 
$1,223,000 in fees collected from other executive branch 
agencies for lease or use of facilities at the International 
Center complex, as authorized by law, but did not include 
requested language appropriating $448,000 to be derived from 
the reserves. In addition, the Committee language provides not 
to exceed $15,000 from reimbursements, surcharges, and fees for 
use of Blair House facilities in accordance with the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act.
    The bill includes a provision which permits up to 20 
percent of the amounts made available in the ``Diplomatic and 
consular programs'' account and ``Salaries and expenses'' 
account to be transferred between such appropriations accounts 
in order to provide administrative flexibility to the 
Department.
    Finally, the bill includes language requiring that starting 
in fiscal year 1997, a system be in place that allocates to 
each department and agency the full cost of its presence 
outside the United States.
    As requested by the administration, the bill deletes the 
four provisions that were included in the fiscal year 1995 act: 
(1) $4,000,000 for grants to conduct research and promote 
international cooperation on scientific and communications 
issues; (2) $600,000 to carry out the activities of the 
Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy; (3) 
$300,000 to carry out the activities of the Office of Cambodian 
Genocide Investigations; and (4) a prohibition on the use of 
funds to carry out the provisions of section 101(b)(2)(F) of 
Public Law 103-236. The provisions permitting collection of 
expedited passport fees and increased visa fees resulting from 
processing of fingerprints, to be deposited into this account 
as an offsetting collection was not included in this bill 
because Public Law 103-317 provided permanent authority to 
collect these fees.
    Enhanced security.--In separate bill language, the 
Committee has provided $9,720,000 for enhanced security 
overseas. This amount was requested as part of the President's 
fiscal year 1996 antiterrorism budget amendment submitted on 
July 17, 1995. These funds will provide for full armored 
vehicles in critical terrorist threat posts, security 
equipment, funding for the local guard program, and 
reinstitution of a crisis training program with a focus on 
counter terrorism.
    Spending reductions.--The budget request for this account 
included $32,320,000 in program decreases, which, together with 
$13,319,000 in program decreases included in the ``Salaries and 
expenses'' account, would have required budget savings 
measures, including a reduction of 336 positions, and 15 
overseas post closings, and the elimination of at least one 
bureau.
    The Committee believes that rationalizing staffing 
patterns, eliminating duplication of functions overseas, and 
addressing the way operating costs overseas are allocated among 
the State Department and the agencies it supports, are 
absolutely essential to achieving the savings required by its 
recommendations.
    A major area of duplication that must be addressed in order 
to achieve the additional spending reduction recommended by the 
Committee is economic and commercial reporting. In overseas 
posts in which both the State Department and the United States 
and Foreign Commercial Service [US&FCS;] are present, the State 
Department and the Commerce Department both report on the host 
country economic and commercial situation. Therefore, the 
Committee directs that at those posts, duplication be ended. 
There is no reason why staff cannot submit their reports to 
both the Commerce and State Departments.
    In addition, there is a significant overlap of functions 
between the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the 
Department's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs. This was 
identified in both the Vice President's reinventing Government 
announcement and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee report 
on Senate bill 908. The Committee believes that reductions need 
to be made in both entities to eliminate duplication, and 
expects a report by March 1, 1996, on steps being taken both in 
the Bureau and at ACDA to reduce personnel performing 
duplicative functions.
    Overseas staffing.--In a September 1994 report, the General 
Accounting Office stated that the State Department lacked an 
overall system to link overseas staffing with policy 
priorities. The Committee is aware of efforts underway at the 
Department to address this issue. The Committee is generally 
supportive of the Overseas Staffing Board, proposed by the 
Secretary, to establish six model staffing profiles for all 
overseas posts and to place posts into one of the six 
categories according to overall U.S. interests. The Committee 
urges the Secretary to expedite completion of this ranking and 
appropriate use of the models to manage and track overseas 
staffing. The Committee urges the Department to implement this 
new system during fiscal year 1996 to help reduce overseas 
staffing at those posts that have more positions than their 
staffing profiles permit. The new system should be fully 
implemented by no later than April 1, 1996.
    In addition, the Committee is encouraged by work already 
underway by the Department's inspector general and the Office 
of Management Policy and Planning to use the mission and bureau 
program plans to relate overseas positions to specific policy 
priorities. The inspector general recently completed a pilot 
effort to match the number of employees at overseas posts with 
the priorities set forth in each post's mission program plan. 
The Committee believes that this effort should be extended to 
all posts during the next mission program plan development. In 
addition, a method must be developed to include a qualitative 
evaluation of how essential each employee is in carrying out 
the priorities with which he or she is charged. The Department 
should submit the results of this staffing profile process 
together with the fiscal year 1997 budget request.
    Overseas staffing of all agencies supported by State.--Over 
35 U.S. Government agencies employ personnel stationed at more 
than 260 posts in roughly 170 countries around the world. 
According to a December 1994 General Accounting Office report, 
the U.S. Government employs approximately 37,800 full-time 
personnel overseas. Roughly one-half are U.S. citizens. The 
remainder are foreign nationals. This total does not include 
large numbers of personnel who are paid directly or indirectly 
by the U.S. Government and involved in U.S. Government 
activities overseas, such as military personnel.
    Over the past 10 years, the number of Americans working for 
the Federal Government overseas has increased by roughly 19 
percent. During that time, overseas staffing levels at the 
State Department have remained relatively flat. By contrast, 
overseas staffing at other agencies has increased dramatically. 
Overseas Justice Department staffing is up more than 90 
percent. The number of American Department of Transportation 
staff overseas has increased by more than 30 percent. Overseas 
Treasury Department staffing is up more than 20 percent. Given 
these changes, the Committee recommends that the staffing 
profile process include interagency consideration of overseas 
staffing of all agencies.
    Authority of Chief of Mission.--As all agencies operating 
overseas work together to meet rapidly evolving challenges, the 
Committee believes that the authority of the Chief of Mission 
is essential to combining both authority and accountability in 
one senior executive branch individual in every diplomatic 
mission overseas. This authority was codified in National 
Security Decision Directive 38 issued by President Reagan and 
reaffirmed by his successors. The Committee understands that 
NSDD-38 is supportive of the authority conferred upon Chiefs of 
Mission by the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465), 
and that the Chief of Mission must have the final word on size, 
composition, and mandate of all executive agency operations and 
personnel in the country of his or her assignment.
    The Committee believes that all agencies must work together 
to decide how best to deploy resources overseas, and which 
agencies need to be represented and at what staffing level. The 
Committee understands that an interagency council is being 
established along these lines, and expects a periodic report on 
its progress.
    Improving shared administrative support services.--The 
Committee understands that the Department of State is currently 
undertaking an important effort to completely revise the 
foreign affairs administrative support [FAAS] system. FAAS was 
designed to ensure reimbursement by other agencies for the 
Department's incremental expenses incurred in providing 
administrative support to non-State agencies overseas. 
Information provided to the Committee by the Department 
suggests that State is now subsidizing the cost of overseas 
operations of other Government agencies by $240,000,000 per 
year or more. The Committee urges the Department to continue to 
seek a more equitable distribution of expenses based on the 
overseas administrative workload generated by all participating 
agencies.
    The Department is reportedly planning to establish pilot 
cooperative administrative support unit programs at up to 10 
posts overseas during fiscal year 1996. Each pilot post will 
have a local board, composed of representatives of each agency. 
A major objective will be to fully recover all direct and 
indirect costs of providing services overseas. The Committee 
fully supports these efforts and requests that the Department 
report within 120 days of enactment of this legislation on the 
status of these projects.
    The State Department cannot continue to provide 70 percent 
of the support costs for other agencies, and still maintain its 
own mission overseas. The Committee intends that this will be 
the last year the State Department subsidizes the budgets of 
other agencies through the existing administrative support 
mechanism.
    Starting in fiscal year 1997, all other agencies with 
operations overseas in U.S. diplomatic missions and consulates 
should have to pay the full cost of their overseas operations. 
The Committee directs the Office of Management and Budget to 
ensure that in the President's budget for fiscal year 1997, the 
full cost of each Federal agency's overseas presence is clearly 
reflected within its budget request to Congress. For that 
reason, language is included in the bill stating that in fiscal 
year 1997, a system shall be in place that allocates to each 
department and agency the full cost of its presence outside of 
the United States.
    Lebanese passports.--In its review of the policy banning 
the use of a United States passport for travel to Lebanon, the 
Committee urges the Department of State to improve the policy 
by expanding the current waiver provision for humanitarian 
considerations to include for waiver eligible Americans of 
Lebanese descent wishing to travel to Lebanon for family 
reunification purposes. The Committee also urges the Department 
to create a new waiver category to permit exceptions from the 
ban for United States business personnel traveling to Lebanon. 
It is expected that the Department will confer with this 
Committee throughout its review of this policy.
    Post closings.--The Committee supports the commitment made 
by the Vice President and the Secretary of State to close at 
least 15 overseas posts in fiscal year 1996 as a welcome sign 
of willingness to prioritize. The Committee applauds the 
efforts of the Department to develop objective criteria for the 
evaluation and prioritization of overseas posts, but recommends 
that in the next round, the Department should give the 
potential impact on economic, diplomatic, and law enforcement 
interests, particularly on neighboring border communities, 
appropriate consideration in the evaluation process.
    The Committee also expects that to the extent possible, the 
Department refrain from applying other more subjective criteria 
to the evaluation of posts as was evident from information 
provided by the Department to the Committee concerning the 
latest round of proposed post closings.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $383,972,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     374,350,000
House allowance.........................................     365,146,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             337,146,000

    The Committee recommends $337,146,000 for the ``Salaries 
and expenses'' account of the Department of State, including 
$1,870,000 for security enhancements requested as part of the 
administration's July 17, 1995, antiterrorism budget amendment. 
The amount recommended represents a 10-percent reduction--
$37,204,000--below fiscal year 1996 requested funding levels in 
the regular program and an increase of $1,870,000 for 
antiterrorism enhancements. The recommendation is $28,000,000 
below the House allowance.
    This appropriation provides for the management, 
administrative, and support functions of the Department of 
State, including the Office of the Secretary.
    Enhanced security.--In separate bill language, the 
Committee has provided $1,870,000 for enhanced domestic 
security. This amount was requested as part of the 
antiterrorism budget amendment submitted on July 17, 1995. This 
amount will provide for security enhancements at the main State 
Department building and annexes, and for data base links with 
law enforcement information systems.

             Foreign Affairs Reorganization Transition Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                             $26,000,000

    The Committee recommends $26,000,000 for a new 
appropriations account: the foreign affairs reorganization 
transition fund consistent with the provisions of Senate bill 
908, the Foreign Relations Revitalization Act of 1995, as 
reported by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on June 9, 
1995. This fund will be used to pay the necessary costs 
associated with an orderly reorganization and downsizing of 
these agencies. Resources provided to this fund may be used to 
finance voluntary separation incentive payments consistent with 
the Federal Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994. Language 
authorizing this new account is provided in section 404 of this 
act.
    Notification of the planned expenditures from this account 
should be submitted to the Appropriations Committees of the 
House and Senate and the authorizing committees in accordance 
with section 605 of the accompanying bill.

                        Capital Investment Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     $32,800,000
House allowance.........................................      16,400,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               8,200,000

    The Committee recommends $8,200,000 for the capital 
investment fund, compared to a request of $32,800,000, and a 
House allowance of $16,400,000. There was no funding for this 
account in fiscal year 1995.
    The Committee believes there is ample justification to fund 
this new account, in order to provide resources for needed 
investments in information systems. The Committee notes that in 
past years, managers at the Department minimized investments in 
infrastructure in an attempt to maintain staffing levels. 
Budgetary constraints dictate that capital investments be made 
now to ensure that the Department will be able to perform its 
mission in the coming years with fewer people.
    The Department's information systems are inadequate to meet 
critical mission requirements; about 80 percent of the 
Department's automated data processing equipment is classified 
as obsolete; 75 percent of the Department's telephone systems 
are outdated; and one-half of the Department's posts have 
inadequate numbers of personal computers.
    Funding constraints and the lack of a comprehensive plan 
from the Department prevent the Committee from providing more 
resources to this account at this time. The Committee would 
encourage the Department to find additional resources within 
other accounts which might be reprogrammed to this account 
subject to the requirements of section 605 of this act.

                      Office Of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $23,850,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      24,250,000
House allowance.........................................      27,669,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              27,350,000

    The Committee recommends merging the Office of Inspector 
General of the U.S. Information Agency with the Office of 
Inspector General of the State Department for several reasons. 
As a first step toward the proposed consolidation of the 
foreign affairs agencies, the Committee believes that it would 
be beneficial to have one inspector general monitor the 
planning, development, and execution of the consolidation 
process.
    Since the State inspector general already has jurisdiction 
over the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, this change would 
provide this office with jurisdiction over all three of the 
agencies involved in this streamlining process. The Committee 
notes that the consolidation of these two inspector general 
offices was specifically recommended by the Vice President in 
his announcement of the second phase of the ``National 
Performance Review'' for foreign affairs agencies. The House 
has also endorsed the proposed change. And, finally, the 
Committee believes savings can be achieved through this 
consolidation.
    For the combined Office of the Inspector General for the 
Department of State and the U.S. Information Agency, the 
Committee recommends $27,350,000. This is $800,000 less than 
the amount appropriated for the two offices in fiscal year 
1995, $1,493,000 less than the amount requested for the two 
Offices, $319,000 less than the House allowance, and $100,000 
less than the authorization provided to this consolidated 
account in Senate bill 908, the Foreign Relations 
Revitalization Act of 1995, as reported by the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee on June 9, 1995.

                       Representation Allowances

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $4,780,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       4,800,000
House allowance.........................................       4,780,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               4,500,000

    The Committee recommends $4,500,000 for representation 
allowances authorized by section 905 of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980. This amount is $300,000 less than the budget request, 
$280,000 less than the fiscal year 1995 funding level, and 
$280,000 less than the House allowance.
    These funds are used to reimburse Foreign Service officers 
for expenditures incurred in their official capacities abroad 
in establishing and maintaining relations with officials of 
foreign governments and appropriate members of local 
communities.

              Protection Of Foreign Missions And Officials

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $9,579,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       8,579,000
House allowance.........................................       8,579,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               8,579,000

    The accompanying bill includes a total of $8,579,000 for 
the appropriation entitled, ``Protection of Foreign Missions 
and Officials.'' This amount is the same as both the budget 
request and the House allowance. The recommendation is 
$1,000,000 less than the appropriation provided for fiscal year 
1995.
    The fiscal year 1995 appropriation included funding for two 
special events totaling $1,000,000; the recommendation for 
fiscal year 1996 represents the base level that was funded in 
fiscal year 1995.
    This account reimburses local governments and communities 
for the extraordinary costs incurred in providing protection 
for international organizations, foreign missions and 
officials, and foreign dignitaries under certain circumstances. 
The Committee believes that local jurisdictions which incur 
such costs must submit a certified billing for such costs in 
accordance with program regulations. The Committee also 
believes that in those circumstances where a local jurisdiction 
will realize a financial benefit from a visit from a foreign 
dignitary through increased tax revenues, that such 
circumstances should be taken into account by the Department in 
assessing the need for reimbursement under this program. The 
Committee expects the Department to treat such submissions 
diligently and provide reimbursement to local jurisdictions on 
a timely basis if claims are fully justified.
    Of the total amount recommended, $1,489,000 is available 
for protection of foreign diplomats and their families 
throughout the United States. The Foreign Missions Act of 1982 
authorizes the provision of such services when necessary either 
at the request of a foreign mission or on the initiative of the 
Secretary of State. In these situations, where State and local 
authorities cannot provide the security required, the act 
permits the Department of State to employ the services of 
private security firms.
    Of the total amount recommended, $7,090,000 is allocated to 
reimburse New York City for the protection of foreign missions 
and officials credited to the United Nations and other 
international organizations. These funds provide for the costs 
of guard posts and security escort and motorcade services to 
foreign missions and personnel assigned to the United Nations.

            Acquisition And Maintenance Of Buildings Abroad

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $391,760,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     421,760,000
House allowance.........................................     391,760,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             369,860,000

    The Committee recommends a total appropriation of 
$369,860,000 for acquisition and maintenance of buildings 
abroad for fiscal year 1996. The total amount provided in this 
appropriation account for fiscal year 1996 is a reduction of 
$21,900,000 below fiscal year 1995 funding levels. Earlier this 
year, funding for this account was reduced with enactment of a 
$30,000,000 rescission in Public Law 104-19. The recommendation 
is $50,900,000 below the request and $21,900,000 below the 
House allowance.
    This account provides the funding that allows the 
Department to manage U.S. Government real property worth in 
excess of $10,000,000,000 and to almost 14,000 residential, 
office, and functional properties, not only for the Department 
of State, but for all U.S. employees overseas.
    The budget request includes no funding for new capital 
projects, reflecting a shift in emphasis from capital 
construction to enhanced management of existing facilities.
    The Committee recommends funding for all current leases; 
security, safety, and efficiency upgrades; maintenance and 
rehabilitation of existing facilities; and supervision and 
management for ongoing projects. In addition to reduced 
funding, the Committee has recommended a rescission of 
projected carryover balances in this account which appears in 
title VII of this act. The Committee believes that drawing down 
the unobligated balances which have been built up over the past 
decade will give the Department of State incentive to: (1) 
closely monitor ongoing capital projects at each phase of the 
process--acquisition, design, construction, closeout, and 
projected fitting--to ensure that they are completed on time 
and within budget; and (2) sell surplus property that may no 
longer be needed. The proceeds from the sale of overseas State 
Department property reverts to this account.
    The Committee recommendation includes a provision carried 
in the bill in previous years which prohibits funds from being 
used for acquisition of furniture and furnishings and 
generators for other departments and agencies.

           Emergencies In The Diplomatic And Consular Service

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $6,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       6,000,000
House allowance.........................................       6,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               6,000,000

    The Committee recommends $6,000,000 to enable the Secretary 
of State to meet unforeseen emergencies arising in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service. This amount is the same as 
both the budget request and the House allowance. The 
recommendation is $500,000 less than the amount appropriated 
for fiscal year 1995.
    The Committee has included a provision in the bill which 
permits up to $1,000,000 to be transferred from this account to 
the ``Repatriation loans program'' account, as requested in the 
budget. This provision will ensure an adequate level of 
resources for loans to American citizens through the 
``Repatriation loans program'' account should that account 
require additional funds in fiscal year 1996 due to an 
unanticipated increase in the number of loans needed.
    The appropriation provides resources for the Department of 
State to meet emergency requirements in the conduct of foreign 
affairs. The Committee recommendation provides funds for: (1) 
travel and subsistence expenses for relocation of American, 
U.S. Government employees and their families from troubled 
areas to the United States and/or safe-haven posts; (2) 
allowances granted to State Department employees and their 
dependents evacuated to the United States for the convenience 
of the Government; and (3) payment of rewards for information 
concerning terrorist and narcoterrorist activities.

                   Repatriation Loans Program Account

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $776,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         776,000
House allowance.........................................         776,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 776,000

    The Committee has included $593,000 for the subsidy cost of 
repatriation loans, and $183,000 for administrative costs of 
the program as authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2671. The Committee 
recommendation is identical to the budget request, the fiscal 
year 1995 appropriation, and the House allowance for both the 
subsidy amount and administrative costs for these loans.
    This account provides emergency loans to assist destitute 
Americans abroad who have no other source of funds to return to 
the United States.

              Payment To The American Institute In Taiwan

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $15,465,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      15,465,000
House allowance.........................................      15,165,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              15,165,000

    The accompanying bill includes $15,165,000 for the 
appropriation entitled, ``Payment to the American Institute in 
Taiwan.'' This amount is $300,000 below both the budget request 
and the amount provided in fiscal year 1995. The recommendation 
is equal to the House allowance. It returns the account to its 
appropriation level in fiscal year 1994.
    The Taiwan Relations Act requires that programs concerning 
Taiwan be carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan and 
authorizes funds to be appropriated to the Secretary of State 
to carry out the provisions of the act. The Institute 
administers programs in the areas of economic and commercial 
services, cultural affairs, travel services, and logistics. The 
Department of State contracts with the American Institute in 
Taiwan to carry out these activities.

     Payment To The Foreign Service Retirement And Disability Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $129,321,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     125,402,000
House allowance.........................................     125,402,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             125,402,000

    The Committee recommends $125,402,000 for the appropriation 
entitled, ``Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and 
Disability Fund.'' The recommendation for this account equals 
the budget request and the House allowance. The $3,919,000 
decrease from the fiscal year 1995 funding level is due to a 
change in actuarial assumptions and an increase in the 30-year 
amortization payment.
    This appropriation, which is considered mandatory for 
budget scorekeeping purposes, is authorized by the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 which provides for an appropriation to the 
fund in 30 equal annual installments of the amount required for 
the unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of 
beneficiaries or increased salaries on which benefits are 
computed.

              International Organizations and Conferences

              Contributions To International Organizations

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $872,661,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     923,057,000
House allowance.........................................     858,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             550,000,000

    The bill includes $550,000,000 for payment of the 
obligations of U.S. membership in international organizations 
as authorized by conventions, treaties, or specific acts of 
Congress. This is $322,661,000 below the fiscal year 1995 
appropriation, $373,057,000 below the budget request, and 
$308,000,000 below the House-passed level.
    Severe budgetary constraints dictate a thorough 
reevaluation of U.S. membership in the 50 international 
organizations funded through this account. In fiscal year 1995, 
approximately one-third of the Department's budget was devoted 
to contributions to international organizations and to 
peacekeeping. Over the past 3 years, funding for the core 
functions of the State Department have declined by roughly 
$700,000,000 while funding for the United Nations and other 
multilateral organizations have increased by well over 
$1,000,000,000. The Committee directs the Department of State 
to evaluate whether continued U.S. membership in each of these 
organizations is in the national interest and report back to 
the Appropriations Committees of the House and Senate, the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House International 
Relations Committee by September 30, 1995.
    This report should contain recommendations for immediate 
withdrawal from international organizations which do not meet 
the national interest standard.
    Consistent with the provisions of Senate bill 908, the 
Foreign Affairs Revitalization Act of 1995, as reported by the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee on June 9, 1995, the 
Committee recommends language prohibiting the use of 
appropriated funds to pay for U.S. membership in: (1) the 
International Labor Organization; (2) the United Nations 
Industrial Development Organization; (3) the Inter-American 
Indian Institute; (4) the Pan American Railway Congress 
Association; (5) the Interparliamentary Union; (6) the 
International Rubber Organization; (7) the International 
Tropical Timber Organization; and (8) the International Copper 
Study Group.
    The Committee recommends language, carried in the fiscal 
year 1995 appropriations act, which provides that payment of 
arrearages shall be directed toward special activities that are 
mutually agreed upon by the United States and the respective 
international organization. The recommendation does not provide 
any funds for arrearages, and so it is unlikely that this 
provision will be utilized. The Committee expects that the 
Department will submit a reprogramming to the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees under the provisions of section 605 
of the bill before payment of arrearages is made to any of the 
international organizations.
    The Committee also recommends bill language carried in 
previous appropriations acts which prohibits any of the funds 
made available in this account for a U.S. contribution to an 
international organization for the United States' share of 
interest costs for loans incurred on or after October 1, 1984, 
through external borrowings.
    The Committee also recommends a provision that 20 percent 
of the amount for the United States assessed contributions to 
the regular budget of the United Nations will be withheld from 
obligation and expenditure until a certification is made 
pursuant to section 401(b) of Public Law 103-236. This 
certification relates to the establishment of an independent 
Office of Inspector General at the United Nations. This 
provision was carried in the fiscal year 1995 appropriations 
bill and has been updated to apply to fiscal year 1996.
    United Nations reform.--One of the most critical priorities 
must be reform of United Nations management, fiancing, and 
programs. The need for reform at the United Nations is long 
overdue and widely acknowledged. Some steps are being taken by 
the Under Secretary General for Management with respect to the 
litany of management areas in need of reform: a bloated 
bureaucracy; a personnel system that fails both to recognize 
performance and to eliminate deadwood; featherbedding, where 
jobs are created or maintained regardless of need; the lack of 
a comprehensive code of conduct; excessive printing and 
publications; and wasteful and unnecessary worldwide 
conferences.
    But deeper structural reform is also required. The 
communique issued at the recent G-7 meeting in Halifax, like 
the recommendations of the Commission on Global Governance, 
focused on the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development, the 
regional economic commissions, and the Economic and Social 
Council as prime examples of structures in need of 
reexamination. A top-to-bottom reform of the entire U.N. 
structure is required to eliminate obsolete or unneeded 
operations.
    Management and structural reform are equally needed 
throughout all U.N.-related agencies and other international 
organizations.
    Conferences.--The U.S. representative to the United Nations 
and others have stated that there should be no more worldwide 
conferences scheduled. The Committee agrees, and believes that 
the United States should not agree to participate in or finance 
any further worldwide conferences.
    U.N. inspector general.--At the insistence of the Congress, 
an inspector general-type operation has been installed at the 
United Nations, known as the Office of Internal Oversight 
Services. Overall, the new Office has not yet made itself an 
agent of change. The Under Secretary General of the Office has 
stated that it is not within the scope of the Office to 
evaluate the overall effectiveness of programs or to criticize 
the actions of member States. Furthermore, protections for 
employees who bring problems to the attention of the Office do 
not appear to be sufficient. The U.S. mission should be at the 
forefront of assuring that U.S. citizens who speak out do not 
suffer reprisals. In conjunction with the certification 
requirements contained in the bill, the Committee intends to 
follow the progress of this Office closely.
    In addition, the Committee requests that the Department of 
State do a formal evaluation of the existence and adequacy of 
inspector general offices at all the major international 
organizations and report back to the Committee by March 1, 
1996.

        Contributions For International Peacekeeping Activities

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $518,687,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     445,000,000
House allowance.........................................     425,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             250,000,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $250,000,000, for U.S. 
payments for contributions for international peacekeeping 
activities for fiscal year 1996. This is $268,687,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1995 and $195,000,000 below the 
amount requested for fiscal year 1996.
    As a result of prior congressional action, the U.S. 
assessment rate for its share of the cost of peacekeeping 
missions will decline from 30.4 to 25 percent in fiscal year 
1996.
    Language is included, stating that none of the funds in 
this bill can be expended for new or expanded peacekeeping 
missions unless 15 days in advance of the vote at the United 
Nations: (1) the Committee is notified of the estimated cost 
and length of the mission, the vital national interest that 
will be served, and the planned exit strategy; and (2) a 
reprogramming request is submitted, indicating the source of 
funds that will be used to pay for the new or expanded mission.
    The notification requirement in the recommended language is 
similar to existing notification requirements enacted in the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, fiscal years 1994 and 
1995, and proposed in other pending legislation. The Committee 
has included this requirement in appropriations language to 
assure that it is one of the committees that receives 
notification.
    The requirement that the State Department submit a 
reprogramming, identifying the source of funds for a new or 
expanded mission is added because the administration has 
continued to commit the United States to paying huge sums in 
assessments without identifying where the funds will be found 
to pay for those commitments. Even though the administration's 
peacekeeping policy directive, Presidential Decision Directive 
25, makes availability of funds a factor in deciding whether to 
vote for a peacekeeping operation, the administration has 
continued to vote for peacekeeping missions without formulating 
a proposal identifying how the U.S. assessment will be paid 
for.
    As recent events with respect to establishment of the Rapid 
Reaction Force in Bosnia indicate, the administration continues 
to take the position that it can vote for new or expanded 
missions without identifying where the funds will be found to 
pay for new commitments like this and with minimal consultation 
in advance with Congress. The administration needs to formulate 
a proposal identifying where the funds will come from to pay 
for a new or expanded mission prior to committing the United 
States to pay assessments and to consult with the Committee 
about the mission and the proposal to pay for it prior to 
voting for the mission.
    Language is included, as in the previous year, requiring 
that funds are available for peacekeeping expenses only upon a 
certification that American manufacturers and suppliers are 
provided procurement opportunities equal to those being given 
to foreign manufacturers and suppliers.
    The Committee is concerned about problems that have arisen 
out of the sharing of intelligence with the United Nations. 
These problems are being addressed in a number of authorization 
bills that are moving in both the House and the Senate, and the 
Committee believes that this situation must be addressed and 
rectified to prevent the reoccurrence of these problems in the 
future.

              International Conferences And Contingencies

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $6,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       6,000,000
House allowance.........................................       3,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               3,000,000

    The Committee recommends $3,000,000 to finance the U.S. 
participation in multilateral intergovernmental conferences and 
contributions to new or provisional international 
organizations. The recommendation is equal to the House 
allowance and $3,000,000 less than both the budget request and 
the fiscal year 1995 funding level.
    The Committee urges the Department to do a more rigorous 
job of prioritizing which of the approximately 700 scheduled 
conferences it chooses to attend, and of limiting the number of 
representatives.
    This account finances only the expenses of official 
delegations to conferences and does not cover employees funded 
by other departments who are not part of an official 
delegation. As a result, there is little, if any, control over 
the amount of funds spent on international conferences.
    A September 1994 State Department inspector general report 
recommended that the Department consult with the Office of 
Management and Budget [OMB] to seek to expand the authority of 
the Office of International Conferences to monitor overall 
costs to the U.S. Government as well as the size and 
composition of conference delegations. The Committee recommends 
that the Department implement that recommendation.

                       International Commissions

 International Boundary And Water Commission, United States And Mexico

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $19,502,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      24,256,000
House allowance.........................................      19,002,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              19,500,000

    The bill includes a total of $19,500,000 for the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and 
Mexico [IBWC]. This amount is $4,756,000 less than the total 
budget request for fiscal year 1996, $2,000 less than the 
amounts provided for fiscal year 1995, and $498,000 more than 
the House allowance. The total amount provided includes 
$11,500,000 for salaries and expenses and $8,000,000 for 
construction.

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $12,858,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      13,858,000
House allowance.........................................      12,358,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              11,500,000

    The Committee recommends $11,500,000 for the ``Salaries and 
expenses'' account. This amount is $2,358,000 less than the 
budget request, $1,358,000 below the fiscal year 1995 
appropriation, and $858,000 below the House allowance. The 
Committee notes that $800,000 will be available from an 
appropriation of $1,000,000 in the fiscal year 1996 Energy and 
Water appropriations bill out of the Western Area Power 
Administration. Therefore, the total funds available for IBWC 
salaries and expenses will be only $558,000 less than the 
amount for salaries and expenses available in fiscal year 1995.
    The recommendation does not include funding for $1,500,000 
requested to purchase spare parts and equipment for the 
expected startup of the San Diego/Tijuana International 
Wastewater Treatment Plant in fiscal year 1997. Because there 
appears to be little justification for this request, the 
Committee will only consider a request for spare parts if it is 
based on a plan that sets forth the actual need for spare parts 
inventory.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $6,644,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      10,398,000
House allowance.........................................       6,644,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               8,000,000

    The Committee recommendation for the construction 
appropriation is $8,000,000. Although this amount represents an 
increase of $1,356,000 above fiscal year 1995 funding levels, 
it is $2,000,000 below the authorized levels contained in 
Senate bill 908, the Foreign Relations Revitalization Act of 
1995, as reported by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on 
June 9, 1995. The recommendation is $2,398,000 below the 
request and $1,356,000 above the House allowance.
    The budget request included $6,500,000 as part of a 
multiyear effort to accumulate $16,000,000 that will be loaned 
to Mexico in fiscal year 1997 or 1998 to pay its share of the 
construction costs of the San Diego/Tijuana International 
Wastewater Treatment Plant. The loan will then be repaid to the 
United States over a period of 10 years. A total of $6,097,000 
has already been appropriated and is being held as carryover 
for this purpose.
    The Committee recommends $2,746,000 for this purpose, a 
reduction of $3,754,000 below the request for the following 
reasons: (1) the full amount of funding is not required this 
year; (2) after credit reform, it should be possible to request 
funding for a loan program in a way that gets scored as a loan 
rather than as direct spending, at considerable savings in 
cost, and the Department and OMB are requested to look into 
this with respect to the remaining balance to be requested in 
future years; and (3) there may be up to $6,000,000 in total 
project costs that can be saved, obviating the need for this 
additional appropriation. In the Clean Water Act 
reauthorization that recently passed the House, the city of San 
Diego is apparently being provided a waiver that will remove 
the necessity to provide secondary treatment to its municipal 
sewage. If the same waiver were to be provided to the 
International Wastewater Treatment Plant, it would save 
$6,000,000 in construction costs. The Department is requested 
to look into this situation and report as to whether the 
situations are comparable.
    The Committee understands that carryover funds are 
available to reimburse San Diego for the costs of wastewater 
treatment. The Committee recommendation fully funds the 
remainder of the construction request.
    The Committee understands that the IBWC is leasing property 
for its offices and will soon be required to make decisions 
about facilities necessary to carry out its functions. The IBWC 
is expected to report to the Committee on its plans and is 
expected to utilize the services of the General Services 
Administration.
    The Committee would like to see IBWC fulfill its existing 
agreements to reimburse local governments for operation, 
maintenance, and other related costs associated with treatment 
of wastewater originating in Mexico. The Committee recognizes 
that concerns have been raised by local governments about costs 
eligible for reimbursement as they relate to wastewater 
treatment. Therefore, IBWC is directed to submit to this 
Committee, within 60 days after enactment of this legislation, 
a report detailing the historical context in which memorandums 
of agreement for wastewater treatment have been entered, 
concerns raised by local governments that would affect 
reimbursement to the locality, and recommendations for 
resolution of the aforementioned concerns.

              American Sections International Commissions

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $5,800,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       6,290,000
House allowance.........................................       5,800,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               5,550,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,550,000 to fund the 
U.S. share of expenses of the International Boundary 
Commission, the International Joint Commission, United States 
and Canada, and the Border Environment Cooperation Commission 
for fiscal year 1996. This amount is $490,000 less than the 
request but is the same amount as was appropriated for fiscal 
year 1995.
    The Committee recommendation supports a recent agreement to 
establish one joint Commissioner who will serve both the 
International Boundary Commission and the International Joint 
Commission and whose salary will be paid out of the 
International Joint Commission. The Committee urges the merger 
of the administrative functions of these two commissions.
    The Committee recommendation also includes $1,800,000 for 
the second year of funding for the Border Environment 
Cooperation Commission [BECC], authorized under the legislation 
approving the North American Free Trade Agreement [NAFTA]. This 
is $190,000 above the amount appropriated in fiscal year 1995 
and $200,000 below the request. The reduction is based on the 
fact that BECC's initial operations appear to have begun slower 
than was initially anticipated. As of May 31, 1995, two-thirds 
of the way through the fiscal year, BECC had spent only a small 
portion (22 percent) of the funds available to it from the 
United States and Mexico.
    This new Commission has been established to develop 
cooperative efforts to resolve environmental problems along the 
United States/Mexico border. The Commission's purpose is to 
work with affected States, local communities, and 
nongovernmental organizations that propose environmental 
infrastructure projects by assessing technical and financial 
feasibility, evaluating environmental benefits, arranging 
public and private financing, and coordinating the development 
and implementation of these projects.

                  International Fisheries Commissions

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $14,669,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      14,669,000
House allowance.........................................      14,669,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              14,669,000

    The accompanying bill provides a total of $14,669,000 to 
fund the U.S. share of the expenses of international fisheries 
commissions, participation in the International Council for the 
Exploration of the Sea, participation in the North Pacific 
Marine Sciences Organization, travel expenses of the U.S. 
commissioners and their advisors, and salaries of non-
Government employees of the Pacific Salmon Commission for days 
actually worked as commissioners and panel members and 
alternates.
    The total amount recommended is the same as the budget 
request, the House allowance, and the amount appropriated for 
fiscal year 1995.
    The Committee recommendation includes $8,323,000 for the 
Great Lakes Fishery Commission, the full 1996 budget request. 
Approximately $7,000,000 of this amount is passed through to 
the Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the Interior 
for sea lamprey eradication. The Committee does not believe it 
is the function of the State Department to undertake or oversee 
fishery programs, nor does it believe that this program fits 
within the purpose of this account, which is to pay for the 
administrative costs of international commissions. 
Consequently, the Committee directs the State Department and 
the Office of Management and Budget to request funding for the 
sea lamprey eradication program in the fiscal year 1997 budget 
of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior.

                                 Other

                     Payment To The Asia Foundation

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $10,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      10,000,000
House allowance.........................................      10,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends no funding for the Asia Foundation 
for fiscal year 1996. In addition to $10,000,000 from the 
Fiscal Year 1995 Commerce, Justice, State, and Judiciary 
Appropriations Act, the Asia Foundation received $5,000,000 
from the Fiscal Year 1995 Defense Appropriations Act. The 
recommendation is $10,000,000 below appropriations provided in 
the Fiscal Year 1995 Commerce, Justice, State, and Judiciary 
Appropriations Act, the budget request, and the House 
allowance.
    The Asia Foundation is a nongovernmental grantmaking 
organization that supports democratization in Asia. The 
Committee notes that Senate bill 908, the Foreign Affairs 
Revitalization Act of 1995, as reported by the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee on June 9, 1995, authorized $5,000,000 in 
funding for this program in fiscal year 1996 and $3,000,000 in 
fiscal year 1997 and urged the Foundation to aggressively 
pursue private funds to support its activities.

                General Provisions--Department of State

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of State that were included in the fiscal 
year 1995 appropriations act, renumbered to reflect the 
relocation of the Department of State appropriations in title 
IV of this act instead of title V, as in previous years:
    Section 401 of the bill, as requested, permits funds 
appropriated in this act for the Department of State to be 
available for allowances and differentials as authorized by 
subchapter 59 of 5 U.S.C.; for services as authorized by 5 
U.S.C. 3109; and hire of passenger transportation pursuant to 5 
U.S.C. 1343(b).
    Section 402 of the bill permits up to 5 percent of any 
appropriation made available in the bill for the Department of 
State and the U.S. Information Agency to be transferred between 
their respective appropriations. The language also provides 
that no appropriation shall be decreased by more than 5 percent 
or increased by more than 10 percent by any such transfer. In 
addition, the language provides that any transfer pursuant to 
this subsection shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds 
under section 605 of the accompanying bill and shall not be 
available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance 
with the procedures set forth in that section.
    Section 403 provides that funds appropriated or otherwise 
made available under this act or any other act may be expended 
for compensation of the United States Commissioner of the 
International Boundary Commission, United States and Canada, 
only for actual hours worked by such Commissioner.
    Section 404 authorizes the foreign affairs reorganization 
transition fund, which shall be under the control of the 
Director of the Office of Management and Budget in consultation 
with the Secretary of State, the Director of the U.S. 
Information Agency and the Director of the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency. The fund is to be used only for the purpose 
of downsizing, reorganizing, or eliminating duplications and 
overlap among these agencies consistent with the provisions of 
this title. It is intended to cover downsizing costs, including 
voluntary buyout authority consistent with the Workforce 
Restructuring Act of 1994.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                  Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

                Arms Control And Disarmament Activities

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $54,378,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      76,000,000
House allowance.........................................      40,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              22,700,000

    The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency advises and assists 
the President, the National Security Council, the Secretary of 
State and other senior Government officials on arms control 
matters.
    The Committee recommends $22,700,000 for the basic 
operating expenses of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 
[ACDA] for fiscal year 1996, the amount authorized in Senate 
bill 908, the Foreign Affairs Revitalization Act of 1995, as 
reported by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on June 9, 
1995. The recommendation is $31,678,000 below fiscal year 1995 
funding levels, $53,300,000 below the request, and $17,300,000 
below the House allowance.
    Senate bill 908 authorized $22,700,000 for ACDA and 
provided additional resources of roughly $20,000,000 to 
consolidate ACDA operations with those of the State Department. 
The Committee recommendation for the foreign affairs 
reorganization transition fund is consistent with the guidance 
provided by the Foreign Relations Committee.
    The Committee notes that there is an expected carryover of 
$6,500,000 for Chemical Weapons Convention activities. If the 
convention does not enter into force, these funds can be used 
to continue to pay the U.S. costs associated with the 
preparatory commission. If the convention does enter into 
force, these funds can be used as part of the first-year 
assessment.

                        U.S. Information Agency

Appropriations, 1995....................................  $1,395,407,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................   1,300,327,000

House allowance

                                                           1,084,646,000

Committee recommendation

                                                           1,049,747,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,049,747,000 for the 
U.S. Information Agency [USIA] to carry out the information, 
educational, and cultural exchange activities of the Agency and 
international broadcasting operations. The Committee 
recommendation also provides for a grant to the National 
Endowment for Democracy for fiscal year 1996. The Committee 
recommendation also provides for the requested appropriation of 
interest and earnings on the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program Trust Fund, the Israeli-Arab Scholarship Endowment 
Fund, and the American Studies Collections Endowment Fund. The 
Committee recommendation for total USIA funding is $345,660,000 
less than the fiscal year 1995 funding level, $250,580,000 less 
than the budget request, and $34,899,000 less than the House 
allowance. The details of the Committee's recommendations for 
the nine appropriations of the Agency are contained in the 
following paragraphs. These recommendations are at or below the 
authorization levels included in Senate bill 908, the Foreign 
Affairs Revitalization Act of 1995, as reported by the Senate 
Foreign Relations Committee. In no case does the Committee's 
recommendation exceed those authorization levels. Funding for 
the incremental costs of downsizing the USIA is included in the 
foreign affairs reorganization transition fund created in 
section 404 of the accompanying bill.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $475,645,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     496,002,000
House allowance.........................................     445,645,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             420,000,000

    The Committee recommends $420,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses appropriation of the U.S. Information Agency [USIA]. 
This amount is $9,000,000 below the authorization level 
contained in Senate bill 908, the Foreign Affairs 
Revitalization Act of 1995 as reported by the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee. The recommendation is $55,645,000 below a 
freeze at fiscal year 1995 funding levels, $76,002,000 below 
the request, and $25,645,000 below the House allowance.
    The Committee urges USIA to provide phaseout fundings for 
the Latin America data base at the University of New Mexico.
    The Committee recommendation includes the following 
limitations on the use of funds which have been carried in the 
bill in previous years: (1) $700,000 for temporary employees; 
(2) $25,000 for entertainment, including official receptions, 
as authorized by law; (3) $1,400,000 for representation abroad 
as authorized by law; (4) $7,615,000, to remain available until 
expended, in fees credited to this appropriation which are 
received in connection with English teaching, library, motion 
pictures, and publication programs as authorized by law; and 
(7) $1,700,000 to remain available until expended to carry out 
projects involving security construction and related 
improvements for agency facilities not physically located 
together with State Department facilities abroad.
    The recommended funding level will require major reductions 
and consolidations in the operations of USIA beyond those 
envisioned in the budget request. USIA must take immediate 
steps to both examine which of its current activities can be 
eliminated and downsize those posts where staffing is not in 
accord with USIA's resource allocation grouping model. The 
Committee recommends additional reductions in staffing and 
programs for Western Europe and Canada, since these are parts 
of the world that have the freest access to information and are 
most likely to be exposed to the American point of view through 
other means.

                            Technology Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     $10,100,000
House allowance.........................................       5,050,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               3,050,000

    The purpose of this new account is to establish a 
technology investment fund to modernize USIA's nonbroadcasting 
computer and telecommunications infrastructure. The intention 
is to replace an investment strategy that followed adopted 
technology plans but relied heavily on available yearend funds. 
This new fund will allow better planning and assure the 
availability of appropriated funds to carry out the plans.
    The Committee recommends $3,050,000 for the ``Technology 
fund'' account, compared to the budget request of $10,100,000.

                      Office of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $4,300,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       4,593,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The bill does not provide separate funding for USIA's 
Office of Inspector General, but rather merges this Office into 
the Office of Inspector General at the Department of State. 
Funding of $4,000,000 for the functions of USIA's Office of 
Inspector General is assumed under the State inspector general 
appropriation. This is $100,000 below the authorization 
provided in Senate bill 908, as reported by the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee, as a result of expected administrative 
savings resulting from having one inspector general.

               Educational And Cultural Exchange Programs

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $233,279,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     252,676,000
House allowance.........................................     192,090,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             190,000,000

    The bill includes a total of $190,000,000 for the 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs of the U.S. 
Information Agency. This amount is $43,279,000 less than fiscal 
year 1995 funding provided in the Fiscal Year 1995 Commerce, 
Justice, State Appropriations Act (Public Law 103-317) and 
$62,676,000 less than the request which includes funding for 
exchange programs in the New Independent States [NIS] of the 
former Soviet Union previously funded under the Foreign 
Operations appropriations bill.
    The recommended total is $37,800,000 lower than the 
authorization level provided in Senate bill 908, the Foreign 
Relations Revitalization Act of 1995.
    Consistent with the provisions of Senate bill 908, the 
Committee recommends that of the funds provided in this 
account, $90,000,000 be made available for the Fulbright 
Program and that other exchange programs be supported from 
remaining funds. The Committee notes that as August 21, 1995, 
USIA projected $23,300,000 in projected carryover balances in 
the ``Exchange programs'' account. The Committee reminds USIA 
that use of carryover balances is subject to reprogramming 
procedures contained in section 605 of this act.
    First-year support was provided in fiscal year 1995 for the 
Xth Paralympiad, which will take place in 1996. In addition to 
the athletic competition, there are also planned international 
exchange events involving disability issues, including an 
international forum on disability, an adaptive technology 
exposition, and followthrough dissemination of materials and 
information. The Committee urges that support be increased for 
this program to the maximum extent possible within the 
resources provided, since this is the year that the program 
will take place.
    In addition, the Committee urges that the following 
exchange programs be supported within resources provided: 
Disability exchange clearinghouse, Congress bundestag 
exchanges, South Pacific exchanges, United States/Mexico 
Conflict Resolution Center, Institute for Representative 
Government, British parliamentarian exchange, Pepper 
scholarship, and Muskie fellowships. Should the Foreign 
Operations Appropriations Act for 1996 contain no funding for 
NIS exchanges, the Committee would consider a request to fund 
such exchanges from this account, subject to the reprogramming 
guidelines contained in section 605 of this act.
    The USIA shall disburse funds to the Mansfield Center for 
Pacific Affairs at a level sufficient to cover the Center's 
costs fully implementing the Mike Mansfield Fellowships. These 
costs include the posting of seven 1995 fellows and their 
immediate families in Japan so that the fellows may work in a 
Japanese Government agency for 1 year, preparation and training 
for 10 1996 fellows, and the recruitment and selection of 10 
1997 fellows.
    Within the total amount of funding provided, funding for 
exchange support activities is included.
    The Committee expects that a proposal for the distribution 
of the available resources among exchange programs will be 
submitted through the normal reprogramming process prior to 
final decisions being made.

                 Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program

           Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $2,800,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         300,000
House allowance.........................................         300,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 300,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of interest and 
earnings in the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust 
Fund, authorized by the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 
1990 (Public Law 101-454). The bill does not include $2,500,000 
that was provided as a one-time contribution to the endowment 
in the fiscal year 1995 bill. The recommendation is identical 
to both the budget request and the House allowance.
    The Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 authorized a 
permanent endowment for the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program. The act established the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program Trust Fund in the U.S. Treasury for these purposes. A 
total of $7,500,000 has been provided to establish a permanent 
endowment for the program, from which is appropriated interest 
and earnings in the fund to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, 
Inc.

                    Israeli-Arab Scholarship Program

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $397,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         397,000
House allowance.........................................         397,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 397,000

    The Committee recommends language in the accompanying bill 
which will appropriate interest and earnings of the Israeli-
Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund totaling $397,000. The 
recommendation is equal to the budget request, the fiscal year 
1995 funding level, and the House allowance.
    A permanent endowment of $4,978,500 for the fund was 
established in fiscal year 1992 with funds made available to 
the U.S. Information Agency under section 556(b) of the Foreign 
Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1990, as amended. The income from the 
endowment is to be used for a program of scholarships for 
Israeli-Arabs to attend institutions of higher education in the 
United States.

                 International Broadcasting Operations

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $480,363,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     369,277,000
House allowance.........................................     316,191,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             330,191,000

    The Committee recommends $330,191,000 to carry out U.S. 
international broadcasting operations for fiscal year 1996. 
Since the Committee rejects the request made in the budget 
request and adopted by the House to fund broadcasting to Cuba 
within this account, the figures listed above represent funding 
levels for non-Cuba broadcasting operations. The recommendation 
is $145,172,000 below fiscal year 1995 levels, $65,149,000 
below the request, and $10,809,000 below the House allowance.
    While the recommendation includes funding for Radio Free 
Asia as requested by the administration and adopted by the 
House, the Committee has provided only $5,000,000 for this 
program. On August 21, 1995, USIA informed the Committee that 
they projected $5,000,000 in carryover balances in this account 
due to delays in the nomination and confirmation of the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors. As a result, the Committee 
recommendation will provide a total of $10,000,000 in budgetary 
resources for Radio Free Asia in fiscal year 1996.
    The Committee has provided all funding for non-Cuba 
international broadcasting under one heading, because fiscal 
year 1996 is the first year of operation of the new 
administrative structure for international broadcasting, 
authorized by the United States International Broadcasting Act 
of 1994.
    The bill language provides: (1) that $5,000,000 of the 
funds shall remain available until expended; (2) that not to 
exceed $90,000 may be used for official receptions and 
representation in the United States and abroad; and (3) that 
$250,000 in authorized fees can remain available until 
expended.

                           Radio Construction

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $69,314,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      85,919,000
House allowance.........................................      70,164,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              40,000,000

    The bill includes $40,000,000 in new budget authority for 
the ``Radio construction'' account for fiscal year 1996. This 
amount is $45,919,000 less than the budget request, $29,314,000 
less than fiscal year 1995 funding levels, and $30,164,000 
below the House allowance. Severe budgetary constraints have 
persuaded the Committee to decide to provide no funds for new 
construction in fiscal year 1996. The recommendation is 
intended to provide funding for necessary maintenance, 
improvements, replacements, and repairs; satellite and 
terrestrial program feeds; engineering support activities, 
broadcast facility leases, and land rentals.
    The Committee urges USIA to seriously consider alternative, 
less-costly transmitter options for future deployment.

                            Radio Free Asia

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $5,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    Funding for radio free Asia is considered under the 
``International broadcasting operations'' account, as requested 
in the fiscal year 1996 budget.

                          Broadcasting To Cuba

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $24,809,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                              24,809,000

    The Committee recommends $24,809,000 to continue funding 
for broadcasting to Cuba as a separate account in fiscal year 
1996. The Committee rejects the administration's proposal to 
fund broadcasting to Cuba within the ``International 
broadcasting'' account which was adopted in the House-passed 
bill. The Committee recommends continued funding of 
broadcasting to Cuba at fiscal year 1995 funding levels. The 
recommendation is identical to the funding provided in the 
House allowance for broadcasting to Cuba within the 
``International broadcasting'' account.

                            East-West Center

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $24,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      20,000,000
House allowance.........................................................
Committee recommendation
                                                              10,000,000

    The Committee recommends funding for the East-West Center 
at the authorization level contained in Senate bill 908, the 
Foreign Affairs Revitalization Act of 1995, as reported by the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The recommendation is 
$14,500,000 below fiscal year 1995 funding levels, $10,000,000 
below the request and $10,000,000 higher than the House 
allowance.
    Consistent with the provisions of Senate bill 908, the 
Committee recommends a phaseout of this sole-source 
appropriation to a nongovernmental organization affiliated with 
a university.

                           North/South Center

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $4,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       1,000,000
House allowance.........................................................
Committee recommendation
                                                               1,000,000

    The Committee recommends funding of $1,000,000 for 
continued support of the operations of the North/South Center, 
the same as the budget request. In fiscal year 1995, $4,000,000 
was provided.
    Consistent with the budget request, the Committee 
recommends a phaseout of this sole-source appropriation to a 
nongovernmental organization affiliated with a university.

                    National Endowment For Democracy

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $34,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      34,000,000
House allowance.........................................      30,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              30,000,000

    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for the National 
Endowment for Democracy for fiscal year 1996, a reduction of 
$4,000,000 from the budget request and the level provided in 
fiscal year 1995. The recommendation is equivalent to the House 
allowance.
    The National Endowment for Democracy is a private, 
nonprofit corporation established to strengthen the development 
of democratic institutions and processes internationally, 
including activities which promote individual rights and 
freedom through private-sector initiatives, training, and other 
activities. To carry out these objectives, the endowment 
develops and funds programs in five substantive areas: (1) 
pluralism; (2) democratic governments and political processes; 
(3) education, culture, and communications; (4) research; and 
(5) international cooperation. The endowment does not carry out 
programs directly, but provides funding for projects which are 
determined to be in the national interest of the United States 
and which are administered by private organizations and groups.
    The Committee directs that not less than 55 percent of the 
funds made available to NED will go to the four core grantees--
NDI, IRI, FUTSI, and chamber of commerce--in equal amounts.
                       TITLE V--RELATED AGENCIES

                      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

                        Maritime Administration

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $94,740,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     308,650,000
House allowance.........................................     116,600,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              70,600,000

    The Maritime Administration in the Department of 
Transportation is responsible for administering several 
programs for the maritime industry relating to U.S. foreign and 
domestic commerce, and for national defense purposes.
    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$70,600,000 in new budget authority, plus an additional 
$162,610,000 for liquidation of contract authority, for the 
Maritime Administration for fiscal year 1996. The Committee's 
recommendations for specific accounts within the Maritime 
Administration are described in more detail below.

                    Operating-Differential Subsidies

            (Appropriation to Liquidate Contract Authority)

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $214,356,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     162,610,000
House allowance.........................................     162,610,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             162,610,000

    The Committee recommends $162,610,000 for payment of 
obligations incurred for operating-differential subsidies of 
American flag vessels. This amount is the full request, and 
represents a decrease of $51,746,000 below the amount made 
available for the program in fiscal year 1995. This amount does 
not score against the Committee's 602(b) allocation for budget 
authority or outlays. The Committee is providing for 
liquidation of subsidy contracts which will be expiring within 
the next 5 years.

                       Maritime Security Program

Appropriations, 1995....................................................
Budget estimate, 1996...................................    $175,000,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends no funding for the proposed new 
Maritime Security Program, which is not yet authorized. The 
budget request included $175,000,000 for this new program. The 
House provided no funding.

                        Operations And Training

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $76,087,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      81,650,000
House allowance.........................................      64,600,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              68,600,000

    This account funds operations of the Maritime 
Administration [MarAd], the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, and 
provides grants to State maritime academies.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $68,600,000 to 
fund programs under this account. This amount is a reduction of 
$13,050,000 from the budget request, is a decrease of 
$7,487,000 below the amount appropriated for the current fiscal 
year, and is $4,000,000 above the House allowance.
    The Committee recommendation includes $9,300,000 for State 
maritime schools; the majority of this amount is dedicated to 
maintenance and utilization of federally owned training ships, 
and $30,800,000 for the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. For both 
of these accounts, the Committee recommends a freeze at fiscal 
year 1995 levels. No funds are provided in fiscal year 1996 for 
the MarAd research and development program.

                          Ready Reserve Force

Appropriations, 1995....................................     -$8,347,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................................
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The accompanying bill includes no funds for the Ready 
Reserve Force [RRF] for fiscal year 1996. As proposed in the 
budget request and as recommended by the Senate Subcommittee 
for Defense Appropriations, the funding for this account is 
being transferred to the Department of Defense.

                    Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $27,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      52,000,000
House allowance.........................................      52,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               2,000,000

    The Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program (title XI) provides 
subsidies for guaranteed loans for purchasers of vessels built 
in U.S. shipyards.
    The Committee has included a total of $2,000,000 in the 
bill for the Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program. This amount 
provides for no new funding for loan guarantees. The 
recommendation is based in part on information provided to the 
Committee by the Maritime Administration on August 10, 1995. At 
that time, MarAd estimated that at the beginning of that month 
there were $76,681,781 in unobligated balances in this account. 
The projected end of the year carry-over balances are in excess 
of $12,190,000. Almost all of these prior year funds were 
designated as defense function funds coming from the defense 
discretionary allocation for budgetary purposes. The Committee 
has provided $2,000,000 for administrative expenses in order to 
allow the program to obligate its remaining unexpended 
balances.

                       Administrative Provisions

    The bill includes several administrative provisions 
involving Government property controlled by MarAd, the 
accounting for certain funds received by MarAd, and a 
prohibition on obligations from the MarAd construction fund. 
These provisions have been carried in appropriations acts for 
the Maritime Administration for several years.

      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $206,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         211,000
House allowance.........................................         206,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 206,000

    The Committee recommends $206,000 for the expenses of the 
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad. 
This amount is $6,000 below the budget request but reflects the 
same level of funding for the Commission as provided in fiscal 
year 1995, and the same as the House allowance. The 
recommendation will allow the Commission to fund its 
administrative expenses through appropriated funds while 
relying on privately donated funds for the actual purchase and 
restoration of property.
    The purpose of the Commission is to encourage the 
preservation of cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings 
associated with the foreign heritage of the American people.

                       Commission on Civil Rights

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $9,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      11,400,000
House allowance.........................................       8,500,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               9,000,000

    The Committee recommends $9,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Commission on Civil Rights. The amount 
recommended is $2,400,000 less than the budget request, 
$500,000 above the house request, and the same as the current 
year appropriation.
    The Committee recommends bill language which provides (1) 
$50,000 to employ consultants; (2) a prohibition against 
reimbursing commissioners for more than 75 billable days with 
the exception of the Chairman who is permitted 125 billable 
days; and (3) a limitation of four full-time positions under 
schedule C of the Excepted Service exclusive of one special 
assistant for each Commissioner. This language was included in 
the House bill.
    The Committee is displeased with the manner in which the 
recent report entitled ``Funding Federal Civil Rights 
Enforcement'' was issued by the Commission. The Committee 
understands that the report was published prematurely and does 
not represent a majority or consensus of the Commission.

                    Commission on Immigration Reform

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,894,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       2,877,000
House allowance.........................................       2,377,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               1,894,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,894,000 for 
fiscal year 1996 for the Commission on Immigration Reform, a 
freeze at fiscal year 1995 funding levels. This recommendation 
is $983,000 below the budget request and $483,000 below the 
House allowance.
    The Commission's mandate is to review and evaluate the 
impact of U.S. immigration policy and to transmit to the 
Congress a report of its findings and recommendations for 
additional changes that should be made with respect to 
immigration into the United States. The Commission must report 
to the Congress on September 30, 1997.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,090,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       1,122,000
House allowance.........................................       1,090,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               1,090,000

    The Committee recommends a freeze on funding for the 
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe [CSCE] at 
fiscal year 1995 levels, the same as the House allowance and 
$32,000 below the budget request.
    The Commission was established in 1976 to monitor 
compliance with the final act of the Conference on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe with particular regard to provisions 
dealing with humanitarian affairs.
    This level of funding will allow the Commission to continue 
its important mission.

                     Competitiveness Policy Council

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         503,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Competitiveness Policy Council is a 12-member advisory 
committee created for the purpose of advising the Federal 
Government on issues of global economic competitiveness. It has 
issued several reports since it began meeting in 1991.
    The Committee recommends that no new funds be provided for 
the Competitiveness Policy Council for fiscal year 1996. The 
Council requested $503,000 for fiscal year 1996 and was funded 
at $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1995. The Committee understands 
that carryover balances exceeding $800,000 will be available, 
and intends that these funds be used to cover termination costs 
for the Council.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $233,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     268,000,000
House allowance.........................................     233,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             233,000,000

    The Committee recommends $233,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC] 
for fiscal year 1996. This amount is $35,000,000 less than the 
request, and is the same amount provided by the House and the 
current year appropriation.
    The bill also includes language included in previous 
appropriations acts allowing: (1) nonmonetary awards to private 
citizens; (2) up to $26,500,000 for payments to State and local 
agencies; and (3) up to $2,500 for official reception and 
representation expenses.
    The Committee supports the recent changes adopted by the 
EEOC to use mediation-based alternatives to resolving disputes 
in some cases and to prioritize and categorize charges based on 
new charge handling procedures. These efforts may have a 
considerable effect on the workload of the EEOC and the 
Committee notes that the increases proposed for the EEOC were 
requested prior to the implementation of these new procedures. 
The Committee expects the EEOC to continue its examination of 
alternatives to case processing in order to decrease its 
backlog of cases and reduce the rate of incoming casework.

                   Federal Communications Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $185,232,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     223,600,000
House allowance.........................................     185,232,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             166,185,000

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$166,185,000 for the salaries and expenses of the Federal 
Communications Commission [FCC], of which $116,400,000 is to be 
derived from collection of existing section 9 fees. The 
remaining $49,785,000 would be funded from direct 
appropriations. The Committee recommendation calls for a 10-
percent cut below fiscal year 1995 levels for the operation of 
this and other regulatory agencies funded in the bill. This 
amount is $57,415,000 below the budget request for fiscal year 
1996 and $19,047,000 below the House allowance.
    The FCC is an independent agency charged with regulating 
interstate and foreign communications by means of radio, 
television, wire, cable and satellite. Since 1992, FCC 
expenditures have increased at an average annual rate of more 
than 15 percent, while those of the communications industry 
have increased roughly 10 percent per year.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) up to $600,000 for land and structures; (2) up to $500,000 
for care of grounds and buildings; (3) up to $4,000 for 
official reception and representation expenses; (4) up to 
$300,000 for research and policy studies to remain available 
until September 30, 1997; (5) authority to purchase uniforms 
and acquire vehicles; (6) special counsel fees; (7) for the 
collection of $116,400,000 in section 9 fees; (8) for the sum 
appropriated to be reduced as section 9 fees are collected; and 
(9) fees collected in excess of $116,400,000 to be available in 
fiscal year 1997.
    Like the House, the Committee has chosen to deny requested 
increases related to the cost of relocating the FCC 
headquarters into consolidated new space. The fiscal year 1996 
request for these costs is $25,100,000, and the FCC anticipates 
that an additional $15,448,000 would be required in fiscal year 
1997.

                      Federal Maritime Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $18,569,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      16,719,000
House allowance.........................................      15,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              14,855,000

    The Federal Maritime Commission [FMC] is an independent 
regulatory agency charged with administering several acts of 
law relating to the waterborne domestic and foreign offshore 
commerce of the United States.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $14,855,000 
for the salaries and expenses of the Federal Maritime 
Commission. As with funding for other regulatory agencies in 
the accompanying bill, this amount represents a 20-percent 
reduction from the amount appropriated for the current year. 
The recommended amount is $3,714,000 below the current year 
funding, and is $1,864,000 below the budget request. The 
Committee recommendation does not include the fees that were 
proposed by the FMC.

                        Federal Trade Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $54,788,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      59,611,000
House allowance.........................................      34,666,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              14,880,000

    The Federal Trade Commission [FTC] administers a variety of 
Federal antitrust and consumer protection laws. Activities in 
the antitrust area include detection and elimination of illegal 
collusion, anticompetitive mergers, unlawful single-firm 
conduct, and injurious vertical agreements. In addressing fraud 
and other consumer concerns, the FTC regulates advertising 
practices, service industry practices, marketing practices, and 
credit practices.
    The Committee recommends total budget (obligational) 
authority of $79,142,000 for the salaries and expenses of the 
Federal Trade Commission for fiscal year 1996. This amount 
represents a 20-percent reduction from current year funding as 
provided for all of the regulatory agencies funded in the 
accompanying bill. The recommended amount of budget authority 
is $28,731,000 below the budget request, and is $19,786,000 
below current year funding and the House allowance. Of this 
amount, $16,000,000 is to be derived from prior year 
unobligated fee collections, and $48,262,000 is to be derived 
from current year offsetting fee collections from premerger 
filing fees under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act resulting in a net 
direct appropriation of $14,880,000.
    The Committee expects the FTC to give highest priority to 
the timely review and processing of premerger notification 
filings under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous appropriations acts, which: (1) allows for 
purchase of uniforms and hire of motor vehicles; (2) allows up 
to $2,000 for official reception and representation expenses; 
(3) allows for the collection of fees; (4) allows for the sum 
appropriated to be reduced as fees are collected; (5) allows 
fees in excess of the amount designated in the bill to be 
available in fiscal year 1997, and (6) prohibits the use of 
funds to implement section 151 of the Federal Deposit Insurance 
Corporation Improvements Act of 1991. The Committee has added 
new bill language making funds appropriated from the Treasury 
for the FTC available until expended. This language change is 
necessary to avoid setting up a separate accounting system to 
track appropriated funds versus fee revenue.
    The Committee has included new bill language that allows 
the FTC to contract for private debt collection services.

               Japan-United States Friendship Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,247,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       1,250,000
House allowance.........................................       1,247,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               1,247,000

    The Committee recommends $1,247,000 for the expenses of the 
Japan-United States Friendship Commission for fiscal year 1996. 
This amount reflects the same level of funding provided in 
fiscal year 1995 and the same allocation as the House. The bill 
also provides for an amount of Japanese currency not to exceed 
the equivalent of $1,420,000. In accordance with Public Law 94-
118, the interest earned on the principal in the trust fund is 
subject to the annual appropriations process.
    The Committee intends that the funds provided be used for 
the promotion of scholarly, cultural, and business/economic 
relations between the United States and Japan.

                       Legal Services Corporation

               payment to the legal services corporation

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $400,000,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     440,000,000
House allowance.........................................     278,000,000

Committee recommendation



    The recommendation provides no funding for the Legal 
Services Corporation. The Committee notes that the Legal 
Services Corporation has not been reauthorized since 1977.
    Funding for the provision of basic civil legal assistance 
to poor persons is provided under the Office of Justice 
Programs within title I of the accompanying bill.

                        Marine Mammal Commission

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,384,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       1,425,000
House allowance.........................................       1,000,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               1,000,000

    The recommendation provides $1,000,000 for the Marine 
Mammal Commission in fiscal year 1996. This is $425,000 below 
the request, $384,000 below the current year appropriation, and 
is the same as the House allowance.

          Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................        $300,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................         350,000
House allowance.........................................         250,000

Committee recommendation

                                                                 350,000

    The Committee recommends $350,000 for the Martin Luther 
King, Jr., Federal Holiday Commission, which is the same as the 
budget request and $100,000 above the House. The Commission's 
Operations Committee presented a motion which was passed by the 
full Commission to sunset the Commission at the end of fiscal 
year 1996. The Committee recommendation will allow the 
Commission to proceed with the funding of activities through 
fiscal year 1996.
    The Commission was established in order to encourage and 
promote appropriate ceremonies and activities throughout the 
United States related to the observance of the Federal legal 
holiday honoring Martin Luther King, Jr., and to provide 
assistance to Federal, State, and local governments and to 
private organizations concerning the observance of the holiday.

                      Ounce of Prevention Council

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $1,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      14,700,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                             ...........................

    The Committee recommends elimination of the Ounce of 
Prevention Council. This is $14,700,000 below the request, and 
$1,500,000 below the amount provided to the Council in fiscal 
year 1995. Closeout costs are to be funded from carryover 
balances available to the Council.
    The Ounce of Prevention Council is intended to have two 
purposes--program coordination and grantmaking. The program 
coordination function includes the development of a crime 
prevention program catalogue and the creation of strategies for 
program integration and grant simplification. The Committee 
believes the coordination of prevention programs can be 
accomplished without the creation of another level of 
bureaucracy to carry out these types of activities, which 
cannot be justified within the context of streamlining and 
reinventing Government. The Office of Justice Programs 
currently funds the coordination of crime prevention efforts at 
the State and local levels through programs such as the 
National Crime Prevention Council which enjoy broad bipartisan 
support.
    The grantmaking function includes grants for summer and 
afterschool recreation programs, mentoring, programs assisting 
employability, and outreach programs for at-risk families. 
Grants of this nature are more appropriately funded by local 
governments or private organizations.

                   Securities and Exchange Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $74,856,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     342,922,000
House allowance.........................................     103,445,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             105,257,000

    The Securities and Exchange Commission [SEC] is an 
independent agency responsible for administering many of the 
Nation's laws regulating the areas of securities and finance.
    The Committee recommendation provides total budget 
(obligational) authority of $237,924,000 for the Securities and 
Exchange Commission for fiscal year 1996. As with other 
regulatory agencies under this bill, this amount represents a 
20-percent reduction from 1995 funding levels. The recommended 
amount of budget authority is $104,998,000 below the request, 
and is $59,481,000 below current year funding and the House 
allowance.
    Of the recommended operating level of $237,924,000, the 
Committee provides a direct appropriation of $105,257,000. This 
figure assumes that $123,000,000 will be available as the 
result of extending the section 6(b) registration fees at a 
level of one thirty-fourth of 1 percent. This is significantly 
less than the level of one twenty-ninth of 1 percent as 
provided for in fiscal year 1995. It is the intention of the 
Committee that no part of the SEC's appropriation will be 
offset by these fees after fiscal year 1997. The Committee also 
assumes that $9,667,000 in carryover balances from fiscal year 
1995 will be available to help finance SEC operations in 1996. 
This is a decrease from the $20,882,000 in carryover funds that 
were available in fiscal year 1995.
    As an essential element of regulatory reform, regulatory 
agencies must give top priority to the consideration of the 
impact of their regulations and actions on economic activity, 
particularly growth and job creation. Nowhere is this more 
important than for the Securities and Exchange Commission. With 
regulatory responsibility for the Nation's stock markets, 
mutual funds, and many other forms of investment, the 
activities of the SEC have a profound impact on the cost of 
capital formation and investment. Therefore, the bill targets 
specific resources for the SEC's Office of Economic Analysis, 
headed by the SEC's chief economist. While representing only 
1.5 percent of the SEC's total budget, the funding provided in 
the bill is a significant increase over funding for this Office 
under the SEC's fiscal year 1995 budget.
    The recommendation eliminates funding for the Office of 
Investor Education and Assistance [OIEA]. Tight budgetary 
constraints prevent funding of duplicative functions and demand 
a focus on the central mission of the agency. The investor 
education activities of the OIEA would be more appropriately 
and efficiently conducted by State securities regulators and by 
the private sector, including the self-regulatory organizations 
such as the stock exchanges and the National Association of 
Securities Dealers. At the same time, investor complaints can 
and should be handled more effectively by employees trained to 
handle cases of violation of securities laws, namely the 
enforcement officials of the SEC.
    The Committee recommends that resources requested for the 
OIEA be added to the resources devoted by the Commission to 
enforcement of the Investment Adviser Act of 1940. The 
Commission has identified enforcement of that act as a priority 
and has begun to take important and commendable efforts to 
improve its enforcement, and this transfer should enhance those 
efforts.
    During fiscal year 1995 the Commission has undertaken 
several projects to simplify, streamline, or otherwise reduce 
reporting and regulatory burdens. These steps recognize the 
need to reduce the cost of investing as well as to maintain the 
global competitiveness of the American capital markets and are 
important measures to achieve those goals. The Committee 
applauds the Commission's work to reduce regulatory burden and 
encourages the Commission to continue its work in this regard.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous appropriations acts, which: (1) allows for 
the rental of space; (2) makes up to $3,000 available for 
official reception and representation expenses; (3) makes up to 
$10,000 available for a permanent secretariat for the 
International Organization of Securities Commissions; and, (4) 
makes up to $100,000 available for expenses of meetings and 
consultations with foreign governmental and regulatory 
officials.

                     Small Business Administration

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $917,427,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     630,906,000
House allowance.........................................     590,369,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             558,091,000

    The Small Business Administration [SBA] is an independent 
agency created in 1953 to administer a group of Federal 
programs and policies focused on the Nation's small businesses.
    The Committee recommends total funding of $558,091,000 for 
the Small Business Administration. This amount is a decrease of 
$359,336,000 from the fiscal year 1995 enacted amount, is a 
reduction of $72,815,000 below the budget request, and is 
$32,278,000 below the House allowance. This amount is 
distributed among the five SBA appropriation accounts as 
described below.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $242,154,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     239,531,000
House allowance.........................................     222,325,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             197,903,000

    The Committee recommendation provides a direct 
appropriation of $197,903,000 for the salaries and expenses of 
the Small Business Administration. This amount is $41,628,000 
below the budget request, $44,251,000 below current year 
funding, and $24,422,000 below the House allowance. The amount 
provided is partially offset by an additional $3,300,000 in 
fees to be collected from the distribution of publications 
produced by the SBA, resulting in overall funding of 
$201,203,000 for this account, a 20-percent reduction from 
fiscal year 1995 levels.
    In addition to the direct appropriation for the ``Salaries 
and expenses'' account, $77,600,000 is available for this 
account from the portion of the business loans program account 
for administrative expenses. Another $62,400,000 is available 
from the portion of the ``Disaster Loans Program'' account for 
administrative expenses. These amounts are to be transferred to 
and merged with the ``Salaries and expenses'' account for a 
total of $341,203,000 in budgetary resources for this account. 
It is expected that the SBA will work closely with this 
Committee, with the authorizing committees, and with the 
private lending community to find ways to realize these 
administrative savings without negatively impacting the 
efficient operation of the business loan programs.
    The Committee recommendation includes requested language 
authorizing $3,500 for official reception and representation 
expenses and language authorizing SBA to charge fees to cover 
the cost of publications, and certain loan servicing 
activities. The language also permits revenues received from 
all such activities to be credited to the ``Salaries and 
expenses'' account to be available for carrying out these 
purposes without further appropriations.
    The funding provided under this account for salaries and 
expenses assumes continued funding for the SBA Office of 
Advocacy. In addition, the Committee recommendation provides a 
total of $89,252,000 for noncredit initiatives. The Committee 
recommendation provides $77,000,000 for fiscal year 1996 for 
small business development centers [SBDC's], $3,250,000 for the 
Service Corps of Retired Executives [SCORE], and $3,202,000 for 
export assistance centers. Each of the funding levels for these 
accounts is equal to funding for the current fiscal year for 
these programs. In addition, the Committee recommends funding 
of $5,800,000, the fiscal year 1994 level, for the microloan 
technical assistance program for fiscal year 1996.
    Eliminating duplication.--Many of the noncredit initiatives 
historically funded under this account have functions which are 
duplicative of other services within the SBA. The Committee 
expects the SBA to find ways to consolidate these activities 
into areas where ample resources already exist to handle these 
functions. The over 900 SBDC's around the country offer an 
opportunity to utilize a business assistance network that is 
already established and is funded mostly from non-Federal 
sources. The Committee's recommendation under title II of this 
report anticipates the transfer of the data base from the 
Minority Business Development Agency within the Department of 
Commerce to the SBDC's to make this information available to 
small business people seeking assistance. The Committee expects 
the SBA to work closely with the Department of Commerce to 
implement this plan and to find other areas where duplication 
may be eliminated by transferring responsibilities to SBDC's.
    The Committee believes the practice of entering into 
contracts and subcontracts as a contracting intermediary under 
the 8(a) Minority Enterprise Development Program is duplicative 
and costly. The Agency is directed to report to the House and 
Senate Committees on Appropriations and Small Business within 
90 days on the legality and feasibility of transferring this 
contracting function to the appropriate contracting agencies.
    The Committee believes the Agency should consider, and 
where appropriate, enter into contracts or pilot projects 
pursuant to which private sector experienced professionals may 
perform part or all of certain functions currently undertaken 
by the Agency. Therefore, the Committee directs SBA to conduct 
the following studies of the private sector's capability to 
handle certain tasks at the direction of and under the 
supervision by the Agency. The Committee urges the Agency to 
consult with private and Government parties as it proceeds 
within this review and to deliver a report of its findings and 
conclusions to the House and Senate Committees on 
Appropriations and Small Business within 90 days. Such report 
should include proposals in some or all of the following areas: 
(1) private sector servicing of loans under the Disaster Loan 
Program; (2) private sector liquidation of defaulted SBIC 
assets; and (3) private sector assistance in licensing, 
examination, receivership, and other administrative activities 
under the SBIC program.
    The Committee encourages the Agency to consider and adopt 
administrative changes to enhance and enlarge the Preferred 
Lenders Program. The Agency should develop this program to the 
point that, without sacrificing the safety and soundness of 
SBA's guaranteed business loan activity, a greater percentage 
of experienced commercial lenders will be expected to process, 
approve, service, and liquidate 7(a) guaranteed business loans 
without prior Agency review. In response to the popularity and 
growth of the Preferred Lenders Program, the Committee directs 
the Agency to develop within 90 days a PLP lender audit and 
recertification procedure manual to standardize the review of 
preferred lenders.
    Section 303 of Public Law 103-403 authorized establishment 
of a pilot program to promote the award of Federal 
manufacturing contracts to small business concerns that 
participate in manufacturing application and education centers 
by working with the Department of Commerce and other agencies 
to identify components and subsystems that are both critical 
and currently foreign sourced. The law required the Agency to 
draft regulations not later than 180 days after enactment. The 
Agency has not done so. The Committee urges the Agency to 
expedite drafting these regulations as authorized.
    The Committee supports the Agency's efforts to reduce the 
impact of Federal regulations on small businesses and 
encourages the Agency to continue its efforts to implement 
projects to improve communications between Government agencies 
and small businesses and to disseminate regulatory information 
to affected small businesses, such as the electronic U.S. 
business advisory project.

                      Office Of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $8,500,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       9,200,000
House allowance.........................................       8,750,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               8,500,000

    The Committee recommends $8,500,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General of the Small Business Administration. This 
amount is a freeze at current year funding, $700,000 below the 
amount requested, and $250,000 below the House allowance. The 
Committee believes this funding is consistent with the 
reductions in the SBA budget planned for fiscal year 1996, and 
expects the inspector general to find resources to carry out 
important duties such as biannual examinations of small 
business development centers as authorized by section 21 of the 
Small Business Act.

                     Business Loans Program Account

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $406,251,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     164,873,000
House allowance.........................................     244,332,000

Committee recommendation

                                                             252,326,000

    The Committee recommends $252,326,000 for the business 
loans program account for guaranteed business loans, including 
$77,600,000 for administrative expenses related to this 
account. The amount provided for administrative expenses may be 
transferred to and merged with the appropriation for SBA 
salaries and expenses to cover the common overhead expenses 
associated with business loans.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the 
Congress is required to appropriate an amount sufficient to 
cover the estimated losses associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
1996, as well as the administrative expenses of the loans. The 
subsidy amounts are estimated on a net present value basis, and 
the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.
    The Committee recommendation provides no funding for direct 
loan programs requested in the President's 1996 budget. This 
amount is $3,596,000 less than the current year funding, is 
$12,428,000 less than the fiscal year 1996 request, and is 
$5,000,000 less than the House allowance.
    Business loan guarantees.--For business loan guarantees, 
the Committee recommends a total of $173,510,000 for fiscal 
year 1996. This amount includes $133,000,000 for the 7(a) 
business loan program. The fiscal year 1995 appropriation was 
$196,096,000, the President's budget amendment for fiscal year 
1996 requested no funding, and the House allowance is 
104,500,000. The Committee has worked closely with the 
authorizing committee and assumes enactment of the 7(a) 
proposal which was passed unanimously by the Senate Small 
Business Committee earlier this year. At the recommended level 
of funding, this would allow a 7(a) loan volume of 
$10,500,000,000 in fiscal year 1996, as approved by the Small 
Business Committee. The Committee recommendation provides no 
new funding for the section 504 loan program as requested by 
the President, and as in the House-passed bill. The Committee 
recommends $16,410,000 for Small Business Investment Co., 
[SBIC] debenture guarantees (providing a program level of 
$111,000,000), and recommends $24,100,000 for SBIC 
participating securities loans (providing a program level of 
$270,000,000). The amounts provided for the SBIC programs are 
the same as provided in the House-passed bill. The Committee 
recommendation provides $1,216,000 for microloan guarantees for 
fiscal year 1996. This amount is equal to current year funding, 
and is $484,000 below both the budget request and the House 
allowance.

                     Disaster Loans Program Account

Appropriations, 1995....................................    $255,153,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................     214,772,000
House allowance.........................................     112,432,000

Committee recommendation

                                                              96,832,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $34,432,000 for the 
disaster loans program account for loan subsidies, and 
$62,400,000 for administrative expenses related to this 
account. The amount provided for administrative expenses is a 
20-percent reduction from current year funding of $78,000,000. 
The House allowance provides $78,000,000 and the budget request 
for this purpose was $80,340,000. The amount provided for 
administrative expenses may be transferred to and merged with 
the appropriation for SBA salaries and expenses to cover the 
common overhead expenses associated with disaster loans. The 
amount provided for loan subsidies is $17,721,000 below the 
fiscal year 1995 level and is equal to the budget request for 
fiscal year 1996 and the House allowance. The amount provided 
assumes the enactment of proposed reform legislation for this 
program.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the 
Congress is required to appropriate an amount sufficient to 
cover the subsidy costs associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
1996, as well as the administrative expenses of the loan 
programs. The subsidy amounts are measured on a net present 
value basis, and the administrative expenses are estimated on a 
cash basis.
    The Committee recommends no funding for the disaster loan 
emergency contingency fund, a decrease of $125,000,000 from the 
current fiscal year, and a reduction of $100,000,000 from the 
budget request. The House-passed bill provides no funding for 
this account.
    The Committee recommendation deletes language included in 
prior appropriations acts which prohibited recipients of SBA 
disaster loans to relocate outside the community impacted by 
the disaster. This deletion was proposed in the budget request.

                 Surety Bond Guarantees Revolving Fund

Appropriations, 1995....................................      $5,369,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................       2,530,000
House allowance.........................................       2,530,000

Committee recommendation

                                                               2,530,000

    Under the Surety Bond Guarantees Program, the Small 
Business Administration guarantees a portion of the losses 
sustained by a surety company as a result of the issuance of a 
bid, payment, and/or performance bond to a small business 
concern.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,530,000 for 
additional capital for the surety bond guarantees revolving 
fund. This amount is equal to the budget request and the House 
allowance, but is $2,839,000 below the amount provided for 
fiscal year 1995. The Committee recommendation assumes 
enactment of proposed legislation that will reduce costs 
associated with this program, resulting in a program level of 
$1,800,000,000 for the surety bond program.

                       Administrative Provisions

    The Committee recommendation includes an administrative 
provision in the bill language, as in last year's bill, 
providing the authority to transfer funds between the Small 
Business Administration's appropriations accounts. The language 
provides that no account may be decreased by more than 5 
percent or increased by more than 10 percent. The language also 
makes the transfers subject to the Committee's standard 
reprogramming procedures.
    The Committee recommends bill language which amends the 
Small Business Act to expand eligibility under the SBA's 
procurement assistance programs. All businesses which are 
located in and employ individuals from economically 
disadvantaged areas would now be able to participate in the 
section 8(a) and 8(d) programs.

                        State Justice Institute

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1995....................................     $13,550,000
Budget estimate, 1996...................................      14,150,000
House allowance.........................................................

Committee recommendation

                                                               5,000,000

    The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for the State Justice 
Institute [SJI] in fiscal year 1996, $9,150,000 below the 
request, and $8,550,000 below fiscal year 1995 funding levels.
    The Committee believes that funding to improve the 
efficiency of State court systems should be supported with 
State resources. The Committee is aware that there are 
carryover balances of at least $5,000,000 available in fiscal 
year 1996 which should be sufficient to provide for the orderly 
phaseout of direct Federal support for SJI operations.
                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the departments and agencies funded in the accompanying 
bill. Sections 601 through 607 have been included in previous 
Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related 
Agencies appropriations acts.
    Section 601. Publicity/propaganda.--Prohibits any 
appropriation act from being used for publicity or propaganda 
purposes not authorized by law.
    Section 602. Availability of appropriations.--Prohibits any 
appropriation contained in the act from remaining available for 
obligation beyond the current year unless expressly so 
provided.
    Section 603. Consulting services.--Provides that the 
expenditure for any appropriation contained in the act for any 
consulting service through procurement contracts shall be 
limited to those contracts where such expenditures are a matter 
of public record and available for public inspection except 
where otherwise provided under existing law or under existing 
Executive order issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 604. Invalidation.--Provides that if any provision 
of the act or the application of such provision to any person 
or circumstances shall be held invalid, the remainder of the 
act and the application of such provisions to persons or 
circumstances other than those to which it is held invalid 
shall not be affected thereby.
    Section 605. Reprogrammings.--Stipulates Committee policy 
concerning the reprogramming of funds. Section 605(a) prohibits 
the reprogramming of funds which: (1) create new programs; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates offices or 
employees; (5) reorganizes offices, programs, or activities; 
(6) contracts out or privatizes any function or activity 
presently performed by Federal employees--unless the 
Appropriations Committees of the House and Senate are notified 
15 days in advance.
    Section 605(b) prohibits a reprogramming of funds in excess 
of $500,000, or 10 percent, whichever is less, that (1) 
augments existing programs, projects, or activities; (2) 
reduces by 10 percent funding for any existing program, 
project, or activity, or numbers of personnel by 10 percent as 
approved by Congress; or (3) results from any general savings 
due to a reduction in personnel which would result in a change 
in existing programs, activities, or projects as approved by 
Congress unless the Appropriations Committees of the House and 
Senate are notified 15 days in advance.
    Section 607. Buy in America.--Expresses the sense of 
Congress that to the greatest extent possible, all equipment 
and products purchased with funds in this act should be made in 
the United States.
    Section 608. EEOC guidelines.--Provides that none of the 
funds in this act may be used to implement, administer, or 
enforce any guidelines of the Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission covering harassment based on religion. This section 
would prevent the EEOC, during fiscal year 1996, from 
implementing guidelines covering religious harassment that were 
published by the EEOC last October 1, 1993.
    In the fiscal year 1995 bill, the Senate found that these 
proposed guidelines: ``expand the definition of religious 
harassment beyond established legal standards set forth by the 
Supreme Court, and * * *  may result in the infringement of 
religious liberty.''
    Section 610. Provides that no funds may be used for a U.N. 
peacekeeping mission unless the Congress has been notified in 
advance, as proposed by the House.
    Section 611. Provides that no funds may be used to provide 
certain amenities for Federal prisoners, as proposed by the 
House.
    Section 612. Provides that no funds may be used to 
implement the NOAA fleet modernization plan, as proposed by the 
House.
    Section 613. Provides a limitation on the use of funds for 
TV Marti, as proposed by the House. The Committee notes the 
provisions in the bill with respect to Radio and TV Marti are 
not intended to apply to persons affected by the restructuring 
plan who are determined to be whistleblowers or have otherwise 
allegedly been subject to reprisals and other prohibited 
personnel actions currently under investigation at the USIA.
    Section 614. Nondiscrimination.--Provides that none of the 
funds in this act may be used to intentionally discriminate 
against, or grant a preference to, any individual or group 
based in whole or in part on race, color, national origin, or 
sex. This section would prohibit agencies funded under this 
act, during fiscal year 1996, from granting, encouraging others 
to grant, or entering into a consent decree which would result 
in the granting of a preference based upon any or all of the 
above listed characteristics. If, however, a court of law deems 
it necessary to use any of these qualities in order to fashion 
a remedy for a specific finding of discrimination, then such 
use of race or gender will be allowed so long as the remedy 
meets the standards set out by the Supreme Court's 1995 ruling 
in Adarand v. Pena. This restriction applies in connection with 
Federal contracts, subcontracts, employment, and any other 
federally conducted programs or activities under this bill. The 
Committee believes that equal opportunity should be granted to 
all and special preferences should be allowed for none. The 
Committee further believes that the current myriad of 
regulations, provisions, and Executive orders which grant 
preferences on the basis of race and gender have so exceeded 
their intended scope, that they are now in conflict with the 
equal opportunity principles from which they originated. While 
this section explicitly encourages agencies to continue to 
recruit qualified women and minorities into an applicant pool, 
it also seeks to reaffirm the dual principles of 
nondiscrimination and equality before the law which are at the 
heart of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
    Section 615. Provides language which outlines appropriate 
remedies for prison conditions which are determined to have 
caused the deprivation of federal rights, as passed separately 
by the House.
                         TITLE VII--RESCISSIONS

                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

                         General Administration

                          working capital fund

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $35,000,000 from 
the projected end-of-year- carryover balances in the Justice 
Department's working capital fund.
    This rescission is based upon end-of-year carryover balance 
projections for this account which were provided to the 
Committee by the Department of Justice on August 18, 1995.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration

                   information infrastructure grants

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $36,769,000 from 
the projected end-of-year carryover balances in the Information 
Infrastructure Grant Program under the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration. This program 
was created in fiscal year 1994, funded at $24,000,000 that 
year, and funded at $60,000,000 in Public Law 103-317. Public 
Law 104-6 contained a $15,000,000 rescission from this account.
    In title II of this act, the Committee recommends 
elimination of this program in fiscal year 1996. The rescission 
amount is based upon end-of-year carryover balance projections 
for this account which were provided to the Committee by the 
Department of Commerce on August 8, 1995.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

                  construction of research facilities

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $152,993,000 from 
the projected end-of-year carryover balances in the 
Construction of Research Facilities Program under the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology [NIST]. Given the 
uncertainty over the future of the Department of Commerce, the 
Committee recommends that no new construction of any new 
facilities begin in fiscal year 1996. The Committee understands 
that NIST is considering the possibility of beginning 
construction of three new laboratory facilities in fiscal year 
1996 and fiscal year 1997. Those decisions should be deferred 
until the Commerce Department's future has been decided. In the 
meantime, title II of this act provides the funding necessary 
for maintenance and scheduled health and safety upgrades to 
existing NIST laboratories.
    The rescission amount is based upon end-of-year carryover 
balance projections for this account which were provided to the 
Committee by the Department of Commerce on August 8, 1995.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                   Administration of Foreign Affairs

            acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $115,000,000 from 
the projected end-of-year carryover balances in the 
``Acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad'' account at 
the State Department. The Committee has directed the State 
Department to review and prioritize existing building plans in 
title IV of the bill. The Committee provided the funding 
necessary to maintain U.S. posts overseas, including the 
payment of all current leases; security, safety, and efficiency 
upgrades; and maintenance and rehabilitation of existing 
facilities. In the future, the Committee will review the State 
Department's track record in keeping construction projects 
within projected costs when considering construction requests.
    The rescission amount is based upon end-of-year carryover 
balance projections for this account which were provided to the 
Committee by the Department of State on August 3, 1995.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                        U.S. Information Agency

                           radio construction

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $7,600,000 from 
the projected end-of-year carryover balances in the ``Radio 
construction'' account at the U.S. Information Agency [USIA]. 
The Committee recommends that this rescission be directed at 
new construction of USIA radio facilities. In title IV of this 
act, the Committee provides the funds necessary for leases and 
maintenance of existing facilities.
    The rescission amount is based upon end-of-year carryover 
balance projections for this account which were provided to the 
Committee by USIA on August 21, 1995.
  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a 
general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify 
items of appropriation not made to carry out the provisions of 
an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution 
previously passed by the Senate during that session.
    The following appropriations have not been authorized 
either in whole or in part and fall under this rule:
    Title I-- Department of Justice: General Administration, 
salaries and expenses; Administrative Review and Appeals, 
Office of the Inspector General; United States Parole 
Commission, salaries and expenses; General Legal Activities; 
National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act, salaries and expenses; 
Antitrust Division, salaries and expenses; U.S. attorneys, 
salaries and expenses; Foreign Claims Settlement Commission; 
Fees and Expenses of Witnesses; Radiation Exposure 
Compensation; Administrative Expenses; Interagency Law 
Enforcement; Federal Bureau of Investigation, salaries and 
expenses; Federal Bureau of Investigation, construction; Drug 
Enforcement Administration, salaries and expenses; Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, salaries and expenses; Border 
Patrol, salaries and expenses; Border Patrol, construction; 
Federal Prison System, salaries and expenses; Federal Prison 
System, building and facilities; Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated; Limitation on Administrative Expenses; Federal 
Prison Industries Incorporated; Office of Justice Programs, 
justice assistance; State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance 
Block Grants; Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in 
Sentencing Grants; Weed and Seed Program; and Civil Legal 
Assistance.
    Title II--Department of Commerce and Related Agencies: 
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, salaries and expenses; 
International Trade Commission, salaries and expenses; Export 
Administration, operations and administration; International 
Trade Administration, operations and administration; Economic 
Development Assistance Programs; Patent and Trademark Office; 
National Institute of Standards and Technology, scientific and 
technical research and services; NIST Industrial Technology 
Services; NIST Construction of Research Facilities; National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Operations, research and 
facilities; NOAA Construction; and Commerce Reorganization 
Transition Fund.
    Title IV--Department of State and Related Agencies: 
Diplomatic and Consular Services, salaries and expenses; 
Capital Investment Fund; Office of the Inspector General; 
Acquisition of Buildings Abroad; Emergencies in the Diplomatic 
and Consular Service; Repatriation Loans Program Account; 
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan; Contributions to 
International Organizations; Contributions to International 
Peacekeeping Activities; International Conferences and 
Contingencies; International Boundary and Water Commission, 
United States and Mexico; American Sections, International 
Commissions (except the Border Environment Cooperation 
Commission); International Fisheries Commissions; Foreign 
Affairs Reorganization Transition Fund; Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency; U.S. Information Agency, salaries and 
expenses; Technology Fund; Educational and Cultural Exchange 
Programs; International Broadcasting Operations; Broadcasting 
to Cuba; Radio Construction; East-West Center; and National 
Endowment for Democracy.
    Title V--Related Agencies: Department of Transportation; 
Maritime Administration, operations and training; Commission on 
Civil Rights; Federal Communications Commission (except 
offsetting fee collections); and Securities and Exchange 
Commission.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, the accompanying 
bill was ordered reported from the Committee, subject to 
amendment and subject to the subcommittee allocation, by 
recorded vote of 15-13.
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Hatfield                   Mr. Byrd
Mr. Stevens                         Mr. Inouye
Mr. Cochran                         Mr. Hollings
Mr. Specter                         Mr. Johnston
Mr. Domenici                        Mr. Leahy
Mr. Gramm                           Mr. Bumpers
Mr. Bond                            Mr. Lautenberg
Mr. Gorton                          Mr. Harkin
Mr. McConnell                       Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Mack                            Mr. Reid
Mr. Burns                           Mr. Kerrey
Mr. Shelby                          Mr. Kohl
Mr. Jeffords                        Mrs. Murray
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of the rule XXVI requires that Committee 
reports on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any 
statute or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the 
statute or part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and 
(b) a comparative print of that part of the bill or joint 
resolution making the amendment and of the statute or part 
thereof proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through 
type and italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate 
typographical devices the omissions and insertions which would 
be made by the bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form 
recommended by the committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by this bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets; new matter is printed in italic; and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.

    1. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                      Title 28, United States Code

Sec. 524. Availability of appropriations

    (a) Appropriations for the Department of Justice are 
available for payment of--
          * * * * * * *
    (c)(1) There is established in the United States Treasury a 
special fund to be known as the Department of Justice Assets 
Forfeiture Fund (hereafter in this subsection referred to as 
the ``Fund'') which shall be available to the Attorney General 
without fiscal year limitation for the following purposes of 
the Department of Justice--
          * * * * * * *
          ``(E) Subject to the notification procedures contained 
        in section 605 of Public Law 103-121, and after 
        satisfying the transfer requirement in subparagraph (B) 
        of this paragraph, any excess unobligated balance 
        remaining in the Fund on September 30, 1995 shall be 
        available to the Attorney General, without fiscal year 
        limitation, for any Federal law enforcement, litigative/
        prosecutive, and correctional activities, or any other 
        authorized purpose of the Department of Justice. Any 
        amounts provided pursuant to this subparagraph may be 
        used under authorities available to the organization 
        receiving the funds.''.

    2. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                      Title 28, United States Code

Sec. 589a. United States Trustee System Fund

    (b) There shall be deposited in the Fund--
          (1) 23.08 per centum of the fees collected under 
        section 1930(a)(1) of this title;
          (2) 37.5 per centum of the fees collected under 
        section 1930(a)(3) of this title;
          * * * * * * *
          (5) 60 per centum of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(6) of this title[;] until a reorganization plan 
        is confirmed
          * * * * * * *
    (f) For the purpose of recovering the cost of services of 
the United States Trustee System, there shall be deposited as 
offsetting collections to the appropriation ``United States 
Trustee System Fund'', to remain available until expended, the 
following:
          (1) 12.5 per centum of the fees collected under 
        section 1930(a)(3) of this title;
          (2) 40 per centum of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(6) of this title[.] until a reorganization plan 
        is confirmed
          (3) 100 percent of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(6) of this title after a reorganization plan is 
        confirmed.

Sec. 1930. Bankruptcy fees

    (a) Notwithstanding section 1915 of this title, the parties 
commencing a case under title 11 shall pay to the clerk of the 
district court or the clerk of the bankruptcy court, if one has 
been certified pursuant to section 156(b) of this title, the 
following filing fees:
          (1) For a case commenced under chapter 7 or 13 of 
        title 11, $130.
          * * * * * * *
          (6) In addition to the filing fee paid to the clerk, 
        a quarterly fee shall be paid to the United States 
        trustee, for deposit in the Treasury, in each case 
        under chapter 11 of title 11 for each quarter 
        (including any fraction thereof) until [a plan is 
        confirmed or] the case is converted or dismissed, 
        whichever occurs first. The fee shall be $250 for each 
        quarter in which disbursements total less than $15,000; 
        $500 for each quarter in which disbursements total 
        $15,000 or more but less than $150,000; $1,250 or each 
        quarter in which disbursements total $150,000 or more 
        but less than $300,000; $3,750 for each quarter in 
        which disbursements total $300,000 or more but less 
        than $3,000,000; $5,000 for each quarter in which 
        disbursements total $3,000,000 or more. The fee shall 
        be payable on the last day of the calendar month 
        following the calendar quarter for which the fee is 
        owed.

    3. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                           Public Law 102-395

    Sec. 102. (a) * * *
    (b)(1) During fiscal [years 1993, 1994, and 1995] year 1996 
with respect to any undercover investigative operation of the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation or the Drug Enforcement 
Administration which is necessary for the detection and 
prosecution of crimes against the United States or for the 
collection of foreign intelligence or counterintelligence--
      (A) * * *
          * * * * * * *
          (C) sums authorized to be appropriated for the 
        Federal Bureau of Investigation and for the Drug 
        Enforcement Administration for fiscal [years 1993, 
        1994, and 1995] year 1996, and the proceeds from such 
        undercover operation, may be deposited in banks or 
        other financial institutions, without regard to section 
        648 of title 18 of the United States Code and section 
        3302 of title 31 of the United States Code, and
          * * * * * * *
    (5)(A) The Federal Bureau of Investigation or the Drug 
Enforcement Administration, as the case may be, shall conduct a 
detailed financial audit of each undercover investigative 
operation which is closed in fiscal [years 1993, 1994, and 
1995] year 1996--
      (i) * * *
          * * * * * * *
    4. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                           Public Law 101-515

          * * * * * * *

                    TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

          * * * * * * *

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         salaries and expenses


    For expenses necessary for detection, investigation, and 
prosecution of crimes against the United States * * *: 
Provided, That for fiscal year 1991 and hereafter the Director 
of the Federal Bureau of Investigation may establish and 
collect fees to process fingerprint identification records and 
name checks for non-criminal justice, non-law enforcement 
employment and licensing purposes and for certain employees of 
private sector contractors with classified Government 
contracts, and notwithstanding the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 
3302, credit such fees to this appropriation to be used for 
salaries and other expenses incurred in providing these 
services, and that the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation may establish such fees at a level to include an 
additional amount to establish a fund to remain available until 
expended to defray expenses for the automation of fingerprint 
identification and criminal justice information services and 
associated costs: Provided further, That * * *.
          * * * * * * *
    5. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                           Public Law 103-322

                  [TITLE I--PUBLIC SAFETY AND POLICING

SEC. 10001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Public Safety Partnership 
and Community Policing Act of 1994''.

SEC. 10002. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are to--* * *

SEC. 10003. COMMUNITY POLICING; ``COPS ON THE BEAT''.

    (a) In General.--Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended--
          * * * * * * *
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1001(a) of 
title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 
1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3) by striking ``and O'' and 
        inserting ``O, P, and Q''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(11)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out part Q, to remain available until expended--
          ``(i) $1,332,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;
          ``(ii) $1,850,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          ``(iii) $1,950,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          ``(iv) $1,700,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          ``(v) $1,700,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          ``(vi) $268,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
    ``(B) Of funds available under part Q in any fiscal year, 
up to 3 percent may be used for technical assistance under 
section 1701(f) or for evaluations or studies carried out or 
commissioned by the Attorney General in furtherance of the 
purposes of part Q. Of the remaining funds, 50 percent shall be 
allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by 
units of local government or law enforcement agencies having 
jurisdiction over areas with populations exceeding 150,000 or 
by public and private entities that serve areas with 
populations exceeding 150,000, and 50 percent shall be 
allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by 
units of local government or law enforcement agencies having 
jurisdiction over areas with populations 150,000 or less or by 
public and private entities that serve areas with populations 
150,000 or less. Of the funds available in relation to grants 
under part Q, at least 85 percent shall be applied to grants 
for the purposes specified in section 1701(b), and no more than 
15 percent may be applied to other grants in furtherance of the 
purposes of part Q. In view of the extraordinary need for law 
enforcement assistance in Indian country, an appropriate amount 
of funds available under part Q shall be made available for 
grants to Indian tribal governments or tribal law enforcement 
agencies.''.]

          ``TITLE I--STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

        ``SEC. 10001. BLOCK GRANTS TO STATES.

          ``(a) In General.--The Attorney General shall make 
        grants under this title to States for use by State and 
        local governments to--
                  ``(1) hire, train, and employ on a continuing 
                basis, new law enforcement officers and 
                necessary support personnel;
                  ``(2) pay overtime to currently employed law 
                enforcement officers and necessary support 
                personnel;
                  ``(3) procure equipment, technology, and other 
                material that is directly related to basic law 
                enforcement functions, such as the detection or 
                investigation of crime, or the prosecution of 
                criminals; and
                  ``(4) establish and operate cooperative 
                programs between community residents and law 
                enforcement agencies for the control, detection, 
                or investigation of crime, or the prosecution of 
                criminals.
          ``(b) Law Enforcement Trust Funds.--Funds received by 
        a State or unit of local government under this title may 
        be reserved in a trust fund established by the State or 
        unit of local government to fund the future needs of 
        programs authorized under subsection (a).
          ``(c) Allocation and Distribution of Funds.--
                  ``(1) Allocation.--The amount made available 
                pursuant to section 10003 shall be allocated as 
                follows:
                          ``(A) 0.6 percent shall be allocated 
                        to each of the participating States.
                          ``(B) After the allocation under 
                        subparagraph (A), the remainder shall be 
                        allocated on the basis of the population 
                        of each State as determined by the 1990 
                        decennial census as adjusted annually, 
                        by allocating to each State an amount 
                        bearing the same ratio to the total 
                        amount to be allocated under this 
                        subparagraph as the population of the 
                        State bears to the population of all 
                        States.
                  ``(2) Distribution to local governments.--
                          ``(A) In general.--A State receiving a 
                        grant under this title shall ensure that 
                        not less than 85 percent of the funds 
                        received are distributed to units of 
                        local government.
                          ``(B) Limitation.--Not more than 2.5 
                        percent of funds received by a State in 
                        any grant year shall be used for costs 
                        associated with the administration and 
                        distribution of grant money.
          ``(d) Disbursement.--
                  ``(1) In general.--The Attorney General shall 
                issue regulations establishing procedures under 
                which a State may receive assistance under this 
                title.
                  ``(2) General requirements for 
                qualification.--A State qualifies for a payment 
                under this title for a payment period only if 
                the State establishes that--
                          ``(A) the State will establish a 
                        segregated account in which the 
                        government will deposit all payments 
                        received under this title;
                          ``(B) the State will expend the 
                        payments in accordance with the laws and 
                        procedures that are applicable to the 
                        expenditure of revenues of the State;
                          ``(C) the State will use accounting, 
                        audit, and fiscal procedures that 
                        conform to guidelines that shall be 
                        prescribed by the Attorney General after 
                        consultation with the Comptroller 
                        General of the United States and, as 
                        applicable, amounts received under this 
                        title shall be audited in compliance 
                        with the Single Audit Act of 1984;
                          ``(D) after reasonable notice to a 
                        State, the State will make available to 
                        the Attorney General and the Comptroller 
                        General of the United States, with the 
                        right to inspect, records that the 
                        Attorney General or Comptroller General 
                        of the United States reasonably requires 
                        to review compliance with this title;
                          ``(E) the State will make such reports 
                        as the Attorney General reasonably 
                        requires, in addition to the annual 
                        reports required under this title; and
                          ``(F) the State will expend the funds 
                        only for the purposes set forth in 
                        subsection (a).
                  ``(3) Sanctions for noncompliance.--
                          ``(A) In general.--If the Attorney 
                        General finds that a State has not 
                        complied substantially with paragraph 
                        (2) or regulations prescribed under such 
                        paragraph, the Attorney General shall 
                        notify the State. The notice shall 
                        provide that if the State does not 
                        initiate corrective action within 30 
                        days after the date on which the State 
                        receives the notice, the Attorney 
                        General will withhold additional 
                        payments to the State for the current 
                        payment period and later payment 
                        periods. Payments shall be withheld 
                        until such time as the Attorney General 
                        determines that the State--
                                  ``(i) has taken the 
                                appropriate corrective action; 
                                and
                                  ``(ii) will comply with 
                                paragraph (2) and the 
                                regulations prescribed under 
                                such paragraph.
                          ``(B) Notice.--Before giving notice 
                        under subparagraph (A), the Attorney 
                        General shall give the chief executive 
                        officer of the State reasonable notice 
                        and an opportunity for comment.
                          ``(C) Payment conditions.--The 
                        Attorney General shall make a payment to 
                        a State under subparagraph (A) only if 
                        the Attorney General determines that the 
                        State--
                                  ``(i) has taken the 
                                appropriate corrective action; 
                                and
                                  ``(ii) will comply with 
                                paragraph (2) and regulations 
                                prescribed under such paragraph.

        ``SEC. 10002. APPLICATIONS.

          ``(a) The Attorney General shall make grants under 
        this title only if a State has submitted an application 
        to the Attorney General in such form, and containing 
        such information, as is the Attorney General may 
        reasonably require.

        ``SEC. 10003. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

          ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
        this title--
                  ``(1) $2,050,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
                  ``(2) $2,150,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
                  ``(3) $1,900,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
                  ``(4) $1,900,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
                  ``(5) $468,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

        ``SEC. 10004. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS.

          ``Funds made available to States under this title 
        shall not be used to supplant State or local funds, but 
        shall be used to increase the amount of funds that 
        would, in the absence of Federal funds received under 
        this title, be made available from State or local 
        sources.''.

    6. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                           Public Law 103-322

                           TITLE II--PRISONS

  [Subtitle A--Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing 
                            Incentive Grants

SEC. 20101. GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.

    (a) Grant Authorization.--The Attorney General may make 
grants to individual States and to States organized as multi-
State compacts to construct, develop, expand, modify, operate, 
or improve correctional facilities, including boot camp 
facilities and other alternative correctional facilities that 
can free conventional prison space for the confinement of 
violent offenders, to ensure that prison cell space is 
available for the confinement of violent offenders and to 
implement truth in sentencing laws for sentencing violent 
offenders.
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
this subtitle, a State or States organized as multi-State 
compacts shall submit an application to the Attorney General 
which includes--
          * * * * * * *

SEC. 20109. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subtitle--
          (1) $175,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (2) $750,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
          (3) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
          (4) $1,900,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
          (5) $2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
          (6) $2,070,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.]

         ``Subtitle A--Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth 
                     in Sentencing Incentive Grants

        ``SEC. 20101. GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.

          ``(a) Grant Authorization.--The Attorney General may 
        make grants to individual States and to States organized 
        as multi-State compacts to construct, develop, expand, 
        modify, operate, or improve conventional correctional 
        facilities, including prisons and jails, for the 
        confinement of violent offenders, to ensure that prison 
        cell space is available for the confinement of violent 
        offenders and to implement truth in sentencing laws for 
        sentencing violent offenders.
          ``(b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this subtitle, a State or States organized as 
        multi-State compacts shall submit an application to the 
        Attorney General that includes--
                  ``(1)(A) except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), assurances that the State or States, have 
                implemented, or will implement, correctional 
                policies and programs, including truth in 
                sentencing laws that ensure that violent 
                offenders serve a substantial portion of the 
                sentences imposed, that are designed to provide 
                sufficiently severe punishment for violent 
                offenders, including violent juvenile offenders, 
                and that the prison time served is appropriately 
                related to the determination that the inmate is 
                a violent offender and for a period of time 
                deemed necessary to protect the public;
                  ``(B) in the case of a State that on the date 
                of enactment of the Department of Justice 
                Appropriations Act, 1996 practices indeterminant 
                sentencing, a demonstration that average times 
                served for the offenses of murder, rape, 
                robbery, and assault in the State exceed by at 
                least 10 percent the national average of time 
                served for such offenses in all of the States;
                  ``(2) assurances that the State or States have 
                implemented policies that provide for the 
                recognition of the rights and needs of crime 
                victims;
                  ``(3) assurances that funds received under 
                this section will be used to construct, develop, 
                expand, modify, operate, or improve conventional 
                correctional facilities;
                  ``(4) assurances that the State or States have 
                involved counties and other units of local 
                government, when appropriate, in the 
                construction, development, expansion, 
                modification, operation, or improvement of 
                correctional facilities designed to ensure the 
                incarceration of violent offenders, and that the 
                State or States will share funds received under 
                this section with counties and other units of 
                local government, taking into account the burden 
                placed on the units of local government when 
                they are required to confine sentenced prisoners 
                because of overcrowding in State prison 
                facilities;
                  ``(5) assurances that funds received under 
                this section will be used to supplement, not 
                supplant, other Federal, State, and local funds;
                  ``(6) assurances that the State or States have 
                implemented, or will implement not later than 18 
                months after the date of enactment of the 
                Department of Justice Appropriations Act, 1996, 
                policies to determine the veteran status of 
                inmates and to ensure that incarcerated veterans 
                receive the veterans benefits to which they are 
                entitled; and
                  ``(7) if applicable, documentation of the 
                multi-State compact agreement that specifies the 
                construction, development, expansion, 
                modification, operation, or improvement of 
                correctional facilities.

        ``SEC. 20102. TRUTH IN SENTENCING INCENTIVE GRANTS.

          ``(a) Truth in Sentencing Grant Program.--Fifty 
        percent of the total amount of funds appropriated to 
        carry out this subtitle for each of fiscal years 1996, 
        1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 shall be made available for 
        truth in sentencing incentive grants. To be eligible to 
        receive such a grant, a State must meet the requirements 
        of section 20101(b) and shall demonstrate that the 
        State--
                  ``(1) has in effect laws that require that 
                persons convicted of violent crimes serve not 
                less than 85 percent of the sentence imposed;
                  ``(2) since 1993--
                          ``(A) has increased the percentage of 
                        convicted violent offenders sentenced to 
                        prison;
                          ``(B) has increased the average prison 
                        time that will be served in prison by 
                        convicted violent offenders sentenced to 
                        prison; and
                          ``(C) has in effect at the time of 
                        application laws requiring that a person 
                        who is convicted of a violent crime 
                        shall serve not less than 85 percent of 
                        the sentence imposed if--
                                  ``(i) the person has been 
                                convicted on 1 or more prior 
                                occasions in a court of the 
                                United States or of a State of a 
                                violent crime or a serious drug 
                                offense; and
                                  ``(ii) each violent crime or 
                                serious drug offense was 
                                committed after the defendant's 
                                conviction of the preceding 
                                violent crime or serious drug 
                                offense; or
                  ``(3) in the case of a State that on the date 
                of enactment of the Department of Justice 
                Appropriations Act, 1996 practices indeterminant 
                sentencing, a demonstration that average times 
                served for the offenses of murder, rape, 
                robbery, and assault in the State exceed by at 
                least 10 percent the national average of time 
                served for such offenses in all of the States.
          ``(b) Allocation of Truth in Sentencing Incentive 
        Funds.--The amount available to carry out this section 
        for any fiscal year shall be allocated to each eligible 
        State in the ratio that the number of part 1 violent 
        crimes reported by such State to the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation for the previous year bears to the number 
        of part 1 violent crimes reported by all States to the 
        Federal Bureau of Investigation for the previous year.

        ``SEC. 20103. VIOLENT OFFENDER INCARCERATION GRANTS.

          ``(a) Violent Offender Incarceration Grant Program.--
        Fifty percent of the total amount of funds appropriated 
        to carry out this subtitle for each of fiscal years 
        1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 shall be made available 
        for violent offender incarceration grants. To be 
        eligible to receive such a grant, a State or States must 
        meet the requirements of section 20101(b).
          ``(b) Allocation of Violent Offender Incarceration 
        Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this section 
        shall be allocated as follows:
                  ``(1) 0.6 percent shall be allocated to each 
                eligible State, except that the United States 
                Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the 
                Northern Mariana Islands each shall be allocated 
                0.05 percent.
                  ``(2) The amount remaining after application 
                of paragraph (1) shall be allocated to each 
                eligible State in the ratio that the number of 
                part 1 violent crimes reported by such State to 
                the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the 
                previous year bears to the number of part 1 
                violent crimes reported by all States to the 
                Federal Bureau of Investigation for the previous 
                year.

        ``SEC. 20104. RULES AND REGULATIONS.

          ``(a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of the Department of Justice 
        Appropriations Act, 1996, the Attorney General shall 
        issue rules and regulations regarding the uses of grant 
        funds received under this subtitle.
          ``(b) Best Available Data.--If data regarding part 1 
        violent crimes in any State for the previous year is 
        unavailable or substantially inaccurate, the Attorney 
        General shall utilize the best available comparable data 
        regarding the number of violent crimes for the previous 
        year for the State for the purposes of allocation of 
        funds under this subtitle.

        ``SEC. 20105. DEFINITIONS.

          ``In this subtitle--
                  ``(1) the term `part 1 violent crimes' means 
                murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible 
                rape, robbery, and aggravated assault as 
                reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
                for purposes of the Uniform Crime Reports;
                  ``(2) the term `State' or `States' means a 
                State, the District of Columbia, the 
                Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States 
                Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the 
                Northern Mariana Islands; and
                  ``(3) the term `indeterminate sentencing' 
                means a system by which the court has discretion 
                in imposing the actual length of the sentence, 
                up to the statutory maximum, and an 
                administrative agency, or the court, controls 
                release between court-ordered minimum and 
                maximum sentence.''.

        ``SEC. 20106. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

          ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
        this subtitle--
                  ``(1) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
                  ``(2) $1,150,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
                  ``(3) $2,100,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
                  ``(4) $2,200,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
                  ``(5) $2,270,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.''.

    7. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                      Title I, Public Law 101-246

                        Part D--Personnel * * *

SEC. 151. DANGER PAY ALLOWANCE.

    The Secretary of State may not deny a request by the Drug 
Enforcement Administration or Federal Bureau of Investigation 
to authorize a danger pay allowance (under section 5928 of 
title 5, United States Code) for any employee of such agency.

    8. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                      Title 42, United States Code

Sec. 1973gg-2. National procedures for voter registration for elections 
                    for Federal office

(a) In general

    Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, 
notwithstanding any other Federal or State law, in addition to 
any other method of voter registration provided for under State 
law, each State shall establish procedures to register to vote 
in elections for Federal office--
          (1) by application made simultaneously with an 
        application for a motor vehicle driver's license 
        pursuant to section 1973gg-3 of this title;
          (2) by mail application pursuant to section 1973gg-4 
        of this title; and
          (3) by application in person--
                  (A) at the appropriate registration site 
                designated with respect to the residence of the 
                applicant in accordance with State law; and
                  (B) at a Federal, State, or nongovernmental 
                office designated under section 1973gg-5 of 
                this title.

(b) Nonapplicability to certain States

    This subchapter does not apply to a State described in 
either or both of the following paragraphs:
          (1) A State in which, under law that is in effect 
        continuously on and after [March 11, 1993] August 1, 
        1994, there is no voter registration requirement for 
        any voter in the State with respect to an election for 
        Federal office.
          (2) A State in which, under law that is in effect 
        continuously on and after [March 11, 1993] August 1, 
        1994, or that was enacted on or prior to [March 11, 
        1993] August 1, 1994, and by its terms is to come into 
        effect upon the enactment of this subchapter, so long 
        as that law remains in effect, all voters in the State 
        may register to vote at the polling place at the time 
        of voting in a general election for Federal office.

    9. In connection with general provisions, Department of 
Justice:

                      Title 42, United States Code

               [SUBCHAPTER X--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

Sec. 2996. Congressional findings and declaration of purpose

    The Congress finds and declares that--
          (1) there is a need to provide equal access to the 
        system of justice in our Nation for individuals who 
        seek redress of grievances;
          * * * * * * *

Sec. 2996l. Reservation of right to repeal, alter, or amend

    The right to repeal, alter, or amend this subchapter at any 
time is expressly reserve.]

    10. In connection with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission, salaries and expenses:

                      Title 15, United States Code

Sec. 77f. Registration of securities

(a) Method of registration

    Any security may be registered with the Commission under 
the terms and conditions hereinafter provided, by filing a 
registration statement in triplicate, at least one of which 
shall be signed by each issuer, its principal executive officer 
or officers, its principal financial officer, its comptroller 
of principal accounting officer, * * *
          * * * * * * *

(b) Fee for registration

    At the time of filing a registration statement the 
applicant shall pay to the Commission a fee of [one-fiftieth] 
one thirty-fourth of 1 per centum of the maximum aggregate 
price at which such securities are proposed to be offered, but 
in no case shall such fee be less than $100.

(c) Time registration effective

    The filing with the Commission of a registration statement, 
or of an amendment to a registration statement, shall be deemed 
to have taken place upon the receipt thereof, but the filing of 
a registration statement shall not be deemed to have taken 
place unless it is accompanied by a United States postal money 
order or a certified bank check or cash for the amount of the 
fee required under subsection (b) of this section.

    11. In connection with title VI, general provisions:

                      Title 18, United States Code

[Sec. 3626. Appropriate remedies with respect to prison crowding

    (a) Requirement of Showing With Respect to the Plaintiff in 
Particular.--* * *
          * * * * * * *
    (c) Periodic Reopening.--Each Federal court order or 
consent decree seeking to remedy and eighth amendment violation 
shall be reopened at the behest of a defendant for recommended 
modification at a minimum of 2-year intervals.]

        ``Sec. 3626. Appropriate remedies with respect to prison 
                            conditions

          ``(a) Requirements for Relief.--
                  ``(1) Limitations on prospective relief.--
                Prospective relief in a civil action with 
                respect to prison conditions shall extend no 
                further than necessary to remove the conditions 
                that are causing the deprivation of the Federal 
                rights of individual plaintiffs in that civil 
                action. The court shall not grant or approve any 
                prospective relief unless the court finds that 
                such relief is narrowly drawn and the least 
                intrusive means to remedy the violation of the 
                Federal right. In determining the intrusiveness 
                of the relief, the court shall give substantial 
                weight to any adverse impact on public safety or 
                the operation of a criminal justice system 
                caused by the relief.
                  ``(2) Prison population reduction relief.--In 
                any civil action with respect to prison 
                conditions, the court shall not grant or approve 
                any relief the purpose or effect of which is to 
                reduce or limit the prison population, unless 
                the plaintiff proves that crowding is the 
                primary cause of the deprivation of the Federal 
                right and no other relief will remedy that 
                deprivation.
          ``(b) Termination of Relief.--
                  ``(1) Automatic termination of prospective 
                relief after 2-year period.--In any civil action 
                with respect to prison conditions, any 
                prospective relief shall automatically terminate 
                2 years after the later of--
                          ``(A) the date the court found the 
                        violation of a Federal right that was 
                        the basis for the relief; or
                          ``(B) the date of the enactment of the 
                        Stop Turning Out Prisoners Act.
                  ``(2) Immediate termination of prospective 
                relief.--In any civil action with respect to 
                prison conditions, a defendant or intervenor 
                shall be entitled to the immediate termination 
                of any prospective relief, if that relief was 
                approved or granted in the absence of a finding 
                by the court that prison conditions violated a 
                Federal right.
          ``(c) Procedure for Motions Affecting Prospective 
        Relief.--
                  ``(1) Generally.--The court shall promptly 
                rule on any motion to modify or terminate 
                prospective relief in a civil action with 
                respect to prison conditions.
                  ``(2) Automatic stay.--Any prospective relief 
                subject to a pending motion shall be 
                automatically stayed during the period--
                          ``(A) beginning on the 30th day after 
                        such motion is filed, in the case of a 
                        motion made under subsection (b); and
                          ``(B) beginning on the 180th day after 
                        such motion is filed, in the case of a 
                        motion made under any other law;
                and ending on the date the court enters a final 
                order ruling on that motion.
          ``(d) Standing.--Any Federal, State, or local official 
        or unit of government--
                  ``(1) whose jurisdiction or function includes 
                the prosecution or custody of persons in a 
                prison subject to; or
                  ``(2) who otherwise is or may be affected by;
        any relief the purpose or effect of which is to reduce 
        or limit the prison population shall have standing to 
        oppose the imposition or continuation in effect of that 
        relief and may intervene in any proceeding relating to 
        that relief. Standing shall be liberally conferred under 
        this subsection so as to effectuate the remedial 
        purposes of this section.
          ``(e) Special Masters.--In any civil action in a 
        Federal court with respect to prison conditions, any 
        special master or monitor shall be a United States 
        magistrate and shall make proposed findings on the 
        record on complicated factual issues submitted to that 
        special master or monitor by the court, but shall have 
        no other function. The parties may not by consent extend 
        the function of a special master beyond that permitted 
        under this subsection.
          ``(f) Attorney's Fees.--No attorney's fee under 
        section 722 of the Revised Statutes of the United States 
        (42 U.S.C. 1988) may be granted to a plaintiff in a 
        civil action with respect to prison conditions except to 
        the extent such fee is--
                  ``(1) directly and reasonably incurred in 
                proving an actual violation of the plaintiff's 
                Federal rights; and
                  ``(2) proportionally related to the extent the 
                plaintiff obtains court ordered relief for that 
                violation.
          ``(g) Definitions.--As used in this section--
                  ``(1) the term `prison' means any Federal, 
                State, or local facility that incarcerates or 
                detains juveniles or adults accused of, 
                convicted of, sentenced for, or adjudicated 
                delinquent for, violations of criminal law;
                  ``(2) the term `relief' means all relief in 
                any form which may be granted or approved by the 
                court, and includes consent decrees and 
                settlement agreements; and
                  ``(3) the term `prospective relief' means all 
                relief other than compensatory monetary 
                damages.''.
          (3) Application of Amendment.--Section 3626 of title 
        18, United States Code, as amended by this section, 
        shall apply with respect to all relief (as defined in 
        such section) whether such relief was originally granted 
        or approved before, on, or after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
          (4) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter C of chapter 229 of title 18, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``crowding'' 
        and inserting ``conditions''.

                        BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL                        
 PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT 
              TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS AMENDED             
                        [In millions of dollars]                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Budget authority               Outlays        
                     ---------------------------------------------------
                       Committee    Amount of    Committee    Amount of 
                       allocation      bill      allocation      bill   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of                                                           
 amounts in the bill                                                    
 with Committee                                                         
 allocations to its                                                     
 subcommittees of                                                       
 amounts in the                                                         
 First Concurrent                                                       
 Resolution for                                                         
 1996: Subcommittee                                                     
 on Commerce,                                                           
 Justice, and State,                                                    
 the Judiciary, and                                                     
 Related Agencies:                                                      
    Defense                                                             
     discretionary..          124          124          188      \1\ 185
    Nondefense                                                          
     discretionary..       21,936       21,935       23,373       23,368
    Violent crime                                                       
     reduction fund.        3,944        3,944        2,107        2,103
    Mandatory.......          532          506          525          501
Projections of                                                          
 outlays associated                                                     
 with the                                                               
 recommendation:                                                        
    1996............  ...........  ...........  ...........   \2\ 18,658
    1997............  ...........  ...........  ...........        4,590
    1998............  ...........  ...........  ...........        2,579
    1999............  ...........  ...........  ...........          656
    2000 and future                                                     
     years..........  ...........  ...........  ...........           39
Financial assistance                                                    
 to State and local                                                     
 governments for                                                        
 1996...............           NA        1,015           NA          225
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.                  
\2\ Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.                  
                                                                        
NA: Not applicable.                                                     


                              -  
               ADDITIONAL VIEWS OF HON. ROBERT F. BENNETT

    I do not share the Committee's recommendation that 
appropriated funds should not be used to pay for U.S. 
membership in the International Labor Organization [ILO].
    The United States was a founding member of the ILO. In my 
view there are at least four reasons for remaining in the ILO. 
First, the ILO's new policy work focuses on sound employment 
and job creation. This, in turn, reduces the protectionism 
encountered by American companies in developing nations. 
Second, without U.S. participation in the ILO, American 
companies will not have a voice in setting the international 
labor standards that affect their operations in other 
countries. Third, the ILO's standards are the only viable 
alternative to the growing pressure to use trade sanctions to 
enforce worker's rights.
    Finally, there is the question of fundamental human rights. 
On November 1, 1989, then Secretary of Labor Elizabeth Dole 
testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on this 
issue. She said, ``The ILO is the United Nation's most 
effective advocate of human rights.'' She rightly pointed to 
the ILO's support for solidarity in Poland and its contribution 
to the end of European communism.
    I do, however, share the Committee's concern over the State 
Department's failure, in prior years, to fund adequately the 
capital investment fund. Vital telecommunications links to far 
off posts are inadequate and prone to breakdown. As a practical 
matter, equipment purchased in fiscal year 1996 would only 
become available, on a wide scale basis, in early 1997.
                                                 Robert F. Bennett.
               MINORITY VIEWS OF HON. ERNEST F. HOLLINGS

    For almost 25 years I have served on the Appropriations 
Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, 
and Related Agencies [CJS] and have participated in or have 
authored countless appropriations bills. I served as ranking 
member (1981-86) and subcommittee chairman on two occasions 
(1977-80 and 1987-94). In all these years I cannot remember a 
CJS bill which I did not vote to support. Regrettably, I simply 
cannot support this measure, H.R. 2076, the fiscal year 1996 
appropriations bill, because of the partisan process that has 
been followed in formulating this bill and because of the 
recommendations and program changes it proposes.
    The process.--The Senate Appropriations Committee always 
has been known for its bipartisanship. I believe it is fair to 
say that of the 13 appropriations subcommittees, the CJS 
Subcommittee has been known as the most bipartisan. During my 
tenure, I served with such distinguished chairmen and ranking 
members as Senator Paul Laxalt, Senator Lowell Weicker, Senator 
John Pastore, Senator Warren Rudman, and Senator Pete Domenici. 
Together, the CJS Subcommittee functioned in a collegial manner 
with comity and mutual respect.
    Notably, the way we did business on the subcommittee was as 
important as the proposals contained in the bills that we 
drafted. Our staffs worked as one professional staff. In 1990, 
there was a period when Senator Hatfield's staff served 
simultaneously as majority and minority counsel for Senator 
Rudman and myself. When I had the privilege to serve as 
chairman, my staff had standing orders to work closely with 
their counterparts to ensure that all members of the 
subcommittee were served and that their priorities were 
integrated into the bill. The same was true when Senators 
Weicker, Laxalt, and Rudman chaired this panel. When a CJS bill 
was ready to go to subcommittee markup, Senator Rudman or 
Senator Domenici or Senator Laxalt or Senator Weicker or I had 
been fully consulted and in agreement with the mark.
    Unfortunately, the new subcommittee chairman has chosen to 
abandon this process. Instead he favors a more partisan 
approach in which the majority drafts bills and informs the 
minority of his decisions at the last possible minute. In the 
case of House bill 2076, minority committee staff members were 
only allowed access to information on the afternoon before 
subcommittee markup. No consultations took place between the 
chairman and myself. In fact, the bill was drafted specifically 
to eliminate or severely reduce programs that I and other 
subcommittee members have long supported.
    Of course, that is the chairman's right. I recognize that 
it is his prerogative to run the CJS Subcommittee as he sees 
fit. But, I find it distressing that much has been lost for 
this Committee and the Senate. This approach resulted in the 
first partisan markup of this CJS bill. In subcommittee, the 
six members of the majority voted to report the bill while the 
five members of the minority voted against passage. In the full 
Committee, the 15 members of the majority voted to report the 
bill to the Senate while the 13 members of the minority voted 
against the measure.
    I must also take issue with one other aspect of the process 
followed in amending House bill 2076. The subcommittee has 
annually held hearings to review, in depth, agency budget 
requests and legislative issues. This year, the subcommittee 
held the fewest hearings that I can recall, and those brief 
hearings paid little attention to the budget estimates or 
requirements. There are agencies that are drastically impacted 
by the recommended bill, such as the Small Business 
Administration and U.S. Information Agency, which were never 
provided an opportunity to testify before the subcommittee. 
Regardless of how any Senator feels about such agencies, it is 
not right for them to be denied an opportunity to present their 
budget and state their case. There is no record for supporting 
the Committee's actions.
    This bill is filled with legislative and authorization 
issues that have never been reviewed during Committee hearings. 
In most cases, these legislative changes seem far outside the 
business and jurisdiction of the Committee. The bill carries 
legislation to: (1) lift current restrictions on the sale of 
products manufactured by prison labor; (2) direct the 
reorganization and consolidation of foreign affairs agencies; 
(3) change the eligibility requirements for the SBA section 
8(a) procurement programs; (4) amend affirmative action and 
contracting preference programs; (5) make various amendments to 
the United States Code regarding prison conditions; and (6) 
rewrite the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act.
    These proposals should have been fully discussed and 
reviewed before inclusion in the bill.
    Funding recommendations.--The Commerce, Justice, and State 
bill supports three Cabinet departments, the Supreme Court and 
the Federal judiciary, the U.S. Trade Representative, and 22 
independent agencies. It is a unique bill that is extremely 
diverse. Its jurisdiction includes such disparate agencies as 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Small Business 
Administration, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the 
U.S. Information Agency, the Legal Services Corporation, and 
the National Marine Fisheries Service. However, the bill 
reported by the Appropriations Committee lacks balance and 
seeks proper funding of only one of those components--the 
Department of Justice. Other agencies are proposed for 
termination, unprecedented reductions or, at best, freezes.
    For years, I have consistently supported the Department of 
Justice law enforcement programs. From 1986 to 1994, under my 
leadership the Department's budget more than tripled, from 
$3,910,000,000 to $13,700,000,000. But we provided that support 
without abandoning our responsibility to other agencies within 
the bill's jurisdiction. I cannot support the magnitude of 
increases above the House bill for Justice when I look at how 
the Committee bill proposes to pay for them. Just a few of 
these impacts are highlighted below.

                           commerce programs

    The Commerce Department is targeted in this bill. It is the 
smallest Cabinet department and the only one that works 
effectively with American business to promote exports, economic 
development, new technology, telecommunications, and economic 
development.
    With the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the cold 
war, the Commerce Department is our frontline in the new 
international battle--the trade war. Our standard of living is 
at stake as other countries battle to take the lead in trade, 
new technologies, and jobs. And the cuts in this bill will 
severely hurt the ability of the Commerce Department to help 
American companies and workers succeed in this tough new world 
economy. Let me just point out a few examples.
    First, the reported bill reduces the International Trade 
Administration by $46,500,000, a cut of over 17 percent. Just 
as the United States is finally starting to match and beat the 
Europeans and Asians in export promotion and trade enforcement, 
this bill would gut these efforts. Over the past 2 years, ITA 
and Secretary Brown have helped secure agreements for more than 
$25,900,000,000 in U.S. export sales--sales worth 370,000 
American jobs. Now, the Committee-reported bill will lead to 
major reductions in activities by the United States and Foreign 
Commercial Service. Small U.S. firms that cannot afford fancy 
consultants will be hit particularly hard, and major reductions 
will occur in new big emerging markets at the very time that 
our foreign competitors are stepping up their sales efforts. At 
the same time, these cuts will affect the Department of 
Commerce's ability to meet statutory deadlines in antidumping 
and countervailing duty cases, reducing protection for U.S. 
businesses against predatory imports.
    Second, this bill cuts efforts to help small manufacturers 
and devastates highly praised efforts to help the United States 
beat foreign competitors in developing important next-
generation technologies. In the case of small manufacturers, 
the bill diverts existing fiscal year 1995 funds from starting 
new manufacturing extension centers; existing centers will be 
kept for 1 year, which is valuable, but the 20 States that 
recently and in good faith submitted applications for new 
centers will now be told, ``Never mind; we never intended to 
actually fund your proposals.'' As for new technologies, the 
bill terminates the Department of Commerce's Advanced 
Technology Program and thus terminate dozens of ongoing 
research projects, most in small firms. An amendment by 
Chairman Hatfield restored some funds for some existing 
projects. But this bill remains an historic mistake. With the 
end of the cold war, other nations are redoubling their efforts 
to capture new civilian technologies and the industries based 
on them. Japan is proposing to double its civilian research by 
the end of the decade. Germany already spends 13 percent of its 
government R&D; budget to work with its industries to develop 
economically important new basic technologies; we spend 1 
percent of our R&D; budget for the same purpose. And yet here we 
are, cutting out modest long-term civilian research and once 
again creating a situation in which other countries will 
commercialize our best ideas and get the profits and jobs.
    Third, consider telecommunications. The subcommittee mark 
of $166,185,000 for the FCC, a related agency, woefully fails 
to take into account the important mission of this critical 
agency. The FCC oversees one of the most dynamic industries 
that accounts for nearly one-sixth of our economy. Reducing 
their budget at this junction would be ill-advised and very 
shortsighted. Both the Senate and House have reported measures 
to update the 1934 Communications Act. If the proposed measures 
are enacted into law the FCC will be tasked with trying to 
break up the most powerful monopolies in the country while 
promoting competition in once protected markets. We shouldn't 
be cutting this agency but increasing their resources. Just 
look at what the FCC can do if provided the proper resources. 
The FCC has brought in over $9,000,000,000 to the U.S. Treasury 
through spectrum auctions. That's more of a return, dollar for 
dollar, than any other regulatory agency.
    This bill also proposes to cut the Department of Commerce's 
National Telecommunications and Information Administration 
[NTIA] from $97,000,000 to $14,000,000. This level of funding 
is intended to sustain NTIA's core function of managing the 
Federal Government's spectrum but otherwise practically 
eliminates the rest of the agency. An amendment by Chairman 
Mark Hatfield restores partial funding to the Public 
Telecommunications and Facilities Program [PTFP]. 
Unfortunately, the rest of the grant programs designed to 
provide assistance to nonprofit organizations are zeroed out.
    Fourth, I am pleased that Chairman Hatfield was successful 
in adding $100,000,000 for the Economic Development 
Administration [EDA]. The subcommittee chairman had recommended 
no funding for this program that provides assistance to 
communities in economic distress. However, this represents a 
significant reduction from the current appropriated level of 
$410,000,000.
    EDA is one of the few Federal agencies that has a direct 
charter to assist communities that are adversely impacted by 
the Department of Defense base closures and contractor 
cutbacks. Its role has been highlighted and supported by 
bipartisan task forces on defense conversion. In light of the 
most recent decisions by the Base Closure and Realignment 
Commission, the decision to cut EDA is absurd. These cuts will 
hinder the Federal Government's ability to respond to job 
losses and economic dislocations caused by the Federal 
Government's own actions.

                  state department and foreign affairs

    This bill devastates the President's ability to conduct 
foreign affairs. Funding for the State Department's operations 
and facilities is slashed by 13 percent or $340,000,000 below 
this year's level. The bill provides funding recommendations 
far below the House, far below the authorization levels 
contemplated in Senate bill 908, and far below a freeze. The 
bill rescinds $140,000,000 in existing Embassy construction, 
facility modernization, and real property maintenance funding.
    At the levels in this bill, the Department of State will be 
forced to close up to 60 overseas posts, close several domestic 
passport offices, and lay off over 1,100 foreign service and 
America civil service employees. Clearly, the Department would 
have to significantly reduce support to other U.S. agencies 
overseas. The reductions in facilities funding will force the 
Department to stop the planned embassy in Ottawa, Canada, as 
well as major projects in Tel Aviv, Israel, and the nations of 
the former Soviet Union.
    These severe funding reductions are being proposed at the 
very time that dedicated United States foreign service officers 
are working effectively to resolve very difficult problems in 
Bosnia and the Middle East. These same dedicated employees 
represent the United States around the world every day, often 
in dangerous locations while living and working in substandard 
conditions, such as in the facilities and housing in the 
countries of the former Soviet Union. On issues such as 
international terrorism, illegal immigration, and international 
crime the State Department serves as our Nation's first line of 
defense.
    With respect to U.S.-assessed contributions to 
international organizations, the Committee's report clearly 
understates the number of international organizations in which 
the United States would be unable to participate for fiscal 
year 1996. Current U.S. assessments total $873,000,000 for 51 
international organizations. The Committee's bill provides 
$550,000,000 or a reduction of 37 percent below current levels. 
Clearly, the United States will have to withdraw from or refuse 
to pay treaty obligations to many more organizations than those 
listed in the Committee report.

                             legal services

    The bill as proposed by the subcommittee chairman would 
have totally eliminated the Legal Services Corporation and 
legal aid to the poor. Based on an amendment by Chairman 
Hatfield, a new $210,000,000 legal services block grant program 
was created but the Corporation was terminated. While the 
Committee-reported bill is far preferable to the subcommittee 
chairman's proposal, I still strongly support restoration of 
the Legal Services Corporation.
    The Legal Services Corporation [LSC] was created under 
President Nixon in 1974 to pursue the goal of providing equal 
justice for Americans living in poverty. I worked closely with 
Justice Lewis Powell to create the Corporation, and it has been 
strongly supported by Members of both parties.
    Poverty lawyers play an important role in defending the 
interests of their clients and explaining their clients' 
responsibilities under the law. In America, nearly 37 million 
citizens live in poverty and look to the Legal Services 
Corporation for assistance.
    LSC provides cost-effective legal assistance to the poor 
and is a superb example of efficiency. Only 3 percent of its 
budget is devoted to management and administration. A block 
grant program likely would increase costs, decrease efficiency, 
and lower accountability. Ironically, one of the reasons why 
the Legal Services Corporation was created at the Federal level 
was that few States provided any significant legal aid to the 
poor. Further, this new block grant approach would throw into 
disarray the current system of legal assistance from the 
Federal, State, and private pro bono services.

               rewriting the crime bill/cops on the beat

    Finally, I strongly object to the provisions of this bill 
that seek to rewrite the 1994 crime bill. The bill as reported 
contains pages of authorization language creating new programs 
in lieu of current law. It seeks to make the 1996 CJS 
appropriations bill a new crime bill. I should note that the 
provisions contained in this bill were modeled on a bill that 
had been referred to the Judiciary Committee. However, this 
bill was never reported by that committee of jurisdiction.
    Above all else I must object to the proposal to abolish the 
successful Cops on the Beat or Community Oriented Policing 
Program and replace it with a new State law enforcement block 
grant. This action seeks to terminate one of the most 
successful and effective law enforcement programs ever created 
and instead replace it with a rehashed Law Enforcement 
Assistance Administration [LEAA] Program. I served in the 
Senate when the LEAA Program was created and when we had to 
terminate it because of waste.
    Within 1 year of the crime bill's enactment, the Justice 
Department's Community Policing Program has put over 24,000 
police officers out on the beat in communities across America. 
This fully competitive program provides funding directly to 
police departments and cannot be syphoned off by mayors and 
Governors, as was the case in the LEAA Program. This program 
has one of the lowest administrative costs of any Federal grant 
program and the Justice Department is operating the program 
with a minimum of redtape. Further, the program specifically 
funds communities under 150,000 population. It has put police 
officers on patrols in countless small rural communities across 
my State and across this Nation.
    Just a little over 2 years ago, the President's stimulus 
package was filibustered and died in the Senate. A major 
argument used against the bill was that it contained block 
grants. Every questionable, but permissible, use of community 
development block grants was enumerated by the opponents. They 
pointed out that block grants could be used for parking 
garages, swimming pools, and recreational centers. They 
criticized the lack of Federal oversight and stewardship of the 
taxpayer dollars. Ironically, here we are with the successful 
Cops on the Beat Program that is effective, that has oversight 
and accountability, and this bill proposes to replace it with a 
new block grant.

                               conclusion

    These are just a few of the reasons that I have made the 
decision to oppose the bill as reported by the Committee. In 
short, this bill does not represent the type of product that 
the Appropriations Committee can be proud of. It was developed 
on a partisan basis for partisan purposes. I have attached 
correspondence from Secretary of State Warren Christopher and 
OMB Director Alice Rivlin stating the administration's 
dissatisfaction with this bill.
    The President already has signaled his intention to veto 
the measure. In my view, this bill is not equitable, not fair, 
and it simply is not in the best interests of this country.
                                                Ernest F. Hollings.

           letter from warren christopher, secretary of state

                                                September 11, 1995.
Hon. Mark O. Hatfield,
Chairman, Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: Knowing of your long and distinguished 
record of active support for responsible American leadership 
abroad, I am writing to express my profound concern over the 
subcommittee mark of the Commerce, Justice, State 
appropriations bill and to ask your assistance in increasing 
the funding levels for international affairs.
    The pending fiscal year 1996 Commerce, Justice, State 
appropriations bill would cut the overall funding requested by 
the President from this subcommittee for international affairs 
by $1,172,210,000--a cut of more than 23 percent. For the State 
Department alone, the cuts would total more than $868,000,000. 
The funds available for our basic operations, including the 
management of our posts overseas, were cut by over 
$258,000,000. In addition, the subcommittee mark also proposes 
to cut $52,000,000 from current year funding and rescind 
another $140,000,000 from the no-year balances we have 
available to manage and rehabilitate the buildings overseas in 
which most Government employees work and live.
    If this funding is not restored, I will be forced to 
recommend that the President veto the bill. I would do so with 
regret but without hesitation because no President could 
conduct effectively America's foreign policy at these levels.
    It may be tempting to think of State Department operations 
as if they were just overhead that can be easily reduced. 
Nothing could be further from the truth. Operating, supporting 
and communicating with our posts overseas represents the heart 
of the programmatic activities of the State Department. Without 
these efforts, the eyes and ears of the United States abroad 
would be shut and our ability to analyze and influence world 
events would be harmed. Our 266 overseas posts--our Nation's 
first line of defense--serve as the operating platform for more 
than 38 other agencies including the Defense Department, the 
Commerce Department, and the law enforcement agencies. We 
provide vital services and protection to American businesses 
and travelers.
    Even at the funding levels anticipated in the House version 
of the CJS bill, I was preparing to close 19 overseas posts and 
to severely limit hiring. At the levels reported by the Senate 
CJS Subcommittee, I will have to close many more posts, reduce 
dramatically the support the State Department provides for 
other agencies and, for the first time, undertake RIF's and 
furloughs of many of our skilled employees. Such harmful 
personnel cuts would be on top of the reduction of over 1,300 
positions that are part of the ``National Performance Review'' 
and our own strategic management initiative.
    The subcommittee mark also would have other serious 
effects. Support for our obligations to international 
organizations and peacekeeping was reduced by $571,000,000, a 
42-percent reduction below the President's request. We would be 
forced to shut down vital peacekeeping operations and risk 
renewed instability in the Middle East, Bosnia, and Asia. Such 
funding levels would also have a crippling effect on the 
ability of international organizations to deal with the many 
critical global challenges we face such as nonproliferation, 
human rights, health, narcotics, and regional security. Our 
ability to build coalitions and share the burden of world 
leadership with our allies and other nations would be seriously 
impaired.
    Funding for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency [ACDA] 
is reduced by more than 50 percent at a time when ACDA is 
helping the President and me pursue an arms control agenda 
vital to our national security. The funds allocated to the U.S. 
Information Agency are $250,000,000 below the President's 
request in the subcommittee mark and would require drastic 
reductions in USIA's operations overseas (15 percent) and in 
its important exchange programs (25 percent). America's 
interests and influence would quickly be damaged by such 
actions. Public diplomacy represents a cost-effective 
initiative essential to U.S. leadership around the world.
    In conclusion, I look forward to working with you and your 
colleagues to restore the funding necessary for the State 
Department, ACDA, and USIA to fulfill our Nation's 
international responsibilities. I am also sending copies of 
this letter to Senator Byrd, Chairman, Gramm, and Senator 
Hollings.
            Sincerely,
                                                Warren Christopher.
                                ------                                


 letter from alice m. rivlin, director, office of management and budget

                                                September 12, 1995.
Hon. Ernest F. Hollings,
Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, and Judiciary Appropriations, 
        Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
    Dear Senator Hollings: The purpose of this letter is to 
provide the administration's views on H.R. 2076, the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies appropriations bill, fiscal year 1996, as 
reported by the subcommittee. As the Senate full Committee 
develops its version of the bill, your consideration of the 
administration's views would be appreciated. Because we have 
not yet seen the subcommittee bill or report, these views are, 
necessarily, preliminary.
    The administration is committed to balancing the Federal 
budget by fiscal year 2005. The President's 'budget proposes to 
reduce discretionary spending for fiscal year 1996 by 
$5,000,000,000 in outlays below the fiscal year 1995 enacted 
level. At the same time, the President's budget increases 
funding for investment programs essential to economic growth 
and a higher standard of living for all Americans. The 
administration supports reducing spending but does not share 
the priorities reflected in the subcommittee bill, which is 
roughly $4,500,000,000 below the President's request.
    The administration is pleased that the subcommittee has 
supported an increased overall funding level for the Department 
of Justice. Continued support for the Department of Justice is 
essential for the fight against crime. However, the 
administration strongly opposes several aspects of the 
subcommittee bill. The President would veto the bill if it were 
presented to him in its current form.
Community oriented policing services [COPS]
    The subcommittee mark would eliminate the COPS program, 
which would provide grants to localities to hire new police and 
would eventually put 100,000 new officers on the streets of 
America. Instead, the subcommittee would fund a law enforcement 
block grant program that would allow spending on anything from 
street lights to public works projects. The American public has 
shown a clear desire for additional police to work hand-in-hand 
with communities to fight crime. The block grant approach would 
not guarantee a single new officer. The President has indicated 
that this is unacceptable. COPS is a highly successful program 
that promotes community policing, a proven, effective means of 
reducing crime at the neighborhood level.
Other violent crime reduction trust fund programs
    The subcommittee mark would provide $3,900,000,000 for 
programs funded by the violent crime reduction trust fund. 
However, the subcommittee has failed to fund crime prevention 
program, with the exception of the program to address violence 
against women. Funding allocations should be restored for these 
proven, effective, crime prevention programs, including drug 
courts and the President's Crime Prevention Council.
Department of Commerce
    The administration strongly urges the Senate to support 
critical programs of the Department of Commerce. The Commerce 
Department works to ensure economic growth and a higher 
standard of living for all Americans. Its continued viability 
as an agency is essential to our Nation's economic 
competitiveness.
Department of Commerce--Technology programs
    The administration is deeply disappointed by the 
subcommittee's underfunding of civilian technology programs 
essential to economic growth. These programs support industry-
Government partnerships engaged in developing new technologies 
that increase the Nation's productivity and raise living 
standards. The subcommittee's funding levels for the Advanced 
Technology Program [ATP] and the manufacturing extension 
partnership are unacceptably low. The subcommittee level for 
ATP would not only prohibit any new awards, but would result in 
the Government being unable to fulfill funding commitments for 
awards made in prior years to over 400 companies.
    The subcommittee mark would drastically curtail the 
activities of the Department of Commerce's telecommunications 
policy office and would eliminate the highly successful 
National Information Infrastructure Grants Program. The 
subcommittee bill also would reduce funding for patent 
processing and technology policy, and would rescind funds for 
construction of state-of-the-art technology laboratories. These 
programs accelerate the development and deployment of new and 
enabling technologies that help expand our economy and help 
Americans compete in the global marketplace. The subcommittee's 
reductions, if enacted, would represent a major blow to U.S. 
competitiveness. The administration strongly urges the Senate 
to restore funding to these programs.
Department of Commerce--Other programs
    The subcommittee mark would make substantial reductions to 
a wide range of other Commerce programs. the administration 
strongly objects to the elimination of the Global Learning and 
Observations to Benefit the Environment [GLOBE] Program. The 
subcommittee's reductions to the International Trade 
Administration would undermine support for U.S. firms in their 
efforts to sell U.S. products overseas. Reductions to the 
Economic Development Administration would severely hamper the 
Federal Government's most flexible tool for local economic 
development. Eliminating the Minority Business Development 
Administration would undermine efforts to develop and 
strengthen new and existing minority-owned businesses.
Legal Services Corporation
    The subcommittee mark would eliminate the Legal Services 
Corporation [LSC] and provide $210,000,000 to the Office of 
Justice Programs to fund a new block grant for legal assistance 
to low-income individuals. Eliminating the LSC, an organization 
whose sole purpose is to provide legal services to the poor, 
and providing a block grant that is roughly one-half of the 
current funding level, would strike a devastating blow to those 
most in need of assistance.
International programs
    The subcommittee's drastic reductions to international 
programs funded by this bill would seriously jeopardize the 
conduct of foreign relations by the United States. The 
administration strongly urges restoration of these funds to 
enable it to carry out a foreign policy that advances the 
interests of the American people.
    Reductions of 12 percent from the President's request for 
the State Department would severely disrupt operations and 
would result in closing of many more overseas posts than 
planned. The effects of this would be felt across the 
Government due to the resulting drastic reductions in State-
funded administrative support for other agencies operating 
overseas. In addition, the subcommittee bill would slash 
funding for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency by 70 
percent from the President's request. This would decimate the 
U.S. ability to continue ongoing arms control negotiation and 
verification activities.
    The subcommittee would reduce the President's request for 
contributions to the United Nations and other international 
organizations by more than 40 percent. These reductions would 
cause the United States to violate its treaty obligations and 
would end U.S. participation in multilateral organizations that 
promote our national interests. The subcommittee's 44-percent 
reduction in contributions to international peacekeeping 
activities would seriously compromise the ability of the 
international community to continue efforts to settle existing 
or potential armed conflicts.
    The subcommittee bill would also reduce U.S. Information 
Agency programs by more than 19 percent from the President's 
request. Such a deep reduction would result in the elimination 
of 1,000 USIA positions, closure of 30 overseas posts, severe 
cutbacks in Fulbright exchanges and programs for the New 
Independent States of the former Soviet Union, and the 
cancellation of a new radio transmitter project to broadcast 
the China.
Language provisions
    It is the administration's understanding that section 614 
of the subcommittee bill would purport to modify Federal 
affirmative action law, as it applies to agencies receiving 
funding through this bill. In the absence of having the 
language of this general provision to review, we would note 
that restrictions on consideration of race, color, national 
origin, and gender that exceed those imposed by current law 
would be inconsistent with the President's policy on 
affirmative action. Therefore, the administration would oppose 
the provision.
    The subcommittee bill includes language that would 
dramatically alter SBA's section 8(a) minority contracting 
program. The administration is willing to consider reforms to 
the 8(a) program that are consistent with the President's 
recent report on affirmative action but believes that the 
language contained in the bill goes too far. However, the 
administration strongly urges the Congress to undertake reforms 
to the section 8(a) program through the authorizing process, 
where the issues and options can be fully examined and 
discussed.
Other funding issues
    The administration is very concerned with the cuts in 
funding for the Federal Communications Commission, the Federal 
Trade Commission, the Maritime Security Program, the Small 
Business Administration's operating expenses, the Department of 
Justice Office of Inspector General, the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission, and the Securities and Exchange 
Commission. The administration urges the Senate to restore 
funding for these programs to the requested levels.
    We look forward to working with the Committee to address 
our mutual concerns.
            Sincerely,
                                           Alice M. Rivlin,
                                                          Director.

                 COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                          Senate Committee recommendation compared with (+ or -)
                         Item                          1995appropriation   Budget estimate    House allowance   Committeerecommendation --------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                         1995appropriation   Budget estimate    House allowance 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                                                                
            TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                
                General Administration                                                                                                                                                          
Salaries and expense: \1\                                                                                                                                                                       
    Direct appropriation.............................      $119,643,000        $73,229,000        $74,282,000           $74,282,000          -$45,361,000        +$1,053,000   .................
        (By transfer)................................  .................  .................  .................          (11,000,000)         (+11,000,000)      (+11,000,000)     (+$11,000,000)
    Crime trust fund.................................        17,400,000         15,500,000   .................  .......................       -17,400,000        -15,500,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................       137,043,000         88,729,000         74,282,000            74,282,000           -62,761,000        -14,447,000   .................
Working capital fund (rescission)....................        -5,500,000   .................  .................  .......................        +5,500,000   .................  .................
    Emergency appropriations (H.R. 1944).............        34,220,000   .................  .................  .......................       -34,220,000   .................  .................
Police Corps (Crime trust fund)......................  .................  .................  .................           10,000,000           +10,000,000        +10,000,000        +10,000,000 
Counterterrorism fund................................  .................        26,398,000         26,898,000            26,898,000           +26,898,000           +500,000   .................
Administrative review and appeals: \1\                                                                                                                                                          
    Direct appropriation.............................  .................        54,336,000         39,736,000            72,319,000           +72,319,000        +17,983,000        +32,583,000 
    Crime trust fund.................................  .................        33,180,000         47,780,000            14,347,000           +14,347,000        -18,833,000        -33,433,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administrative review and appeals.......  .................        87,516,000         87,516,000            86,666,000           +86,666,000           -850,000           -850,000 
Office of Inspector General..........................        30,484,000         36,744,000         30,484,000            30,484,000      .................        -6,260,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General administration..................       196,247,000        239,387,000        219,180,000           228,330,000           +32,083,000        -11,057,000         +9,150,000 
          Appropriations.............................      (184,347,000)      (190,707,000)      (171,400,000)         (203,983,000)         (+19,636,000)      (+13,276,000)      (+32,583,000)
          Crime trust fund...........................       (17,400,000)       (48,680,000)       (47,780,000)          (24,347,000)          (+6,947,000)      (-24,333,000)      (-23,433,000)
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
           United States Parole Commission                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         7,450,000          6,781,000          5,446,000             5,446,000            -2,004,000         -1,335,000   .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                   Legal Activities                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
General legal activities:                                                                                                                                                                       
    Direct appropriation.............................       416,834,000        437,060,000        401,929,000           431,660,000           +14,826,000         -5,400,000        +29,731,000 
    Crime trust fund.................................         4,600,000          7,591,000          7,591,000             2,991,000            -1,609,000         -4,600,000         -4,600,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General legal activities................       421,434,000        444,651,000        409,520,000           434,651,000           +13,217,000        -10,000,000        +25,131,000 
Vaccine injury compensation trust fund...............         2,500,000          4,028,000          4,028,000             4,028,000            +1,528,000   .................  .................
Independent counsel (permanent, indefinite)..........         4,000,000          2,884,000          2,884,000             2,884,000            -1,116,000   .................  .................
Civil liberties public education fund................         5,000,000          5,000,000   .................  .......................        -5,000,000         -5,000,000   .................
Antitrust Division...................................        85,143,000         91,752,000         85,143,000            85,143,000      .................        -6,609,000   .................
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover............        -4,500,000   .................       -16,000,000           -16,000,000           -11,500,000        -16,000,000   .................
    Offsetting fee collections--current year.........       -39,640,000        -48,262,000        -48,262,000           -48,262,000            -8,622,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................        41,003,000         43,490,000         20,881,000            20,881,000           -20,122,000        -22,609,000   .................
United States Attorneys:                                                                                                                                                                        
    Direct appropriation.............................       829,024,000        909,463,000        896,825,000           920,537,000           +91,513,000        +11,074,000        +23,712,000 
    Emergency appropriations (H.R. 1944).............         2,000,000   .................  .................  .......................        -2,000,000   .................  .................
    Violent crime task force.........................        15,000,000         15,000,000   .................  .......................       -15,000,000        -15,000,000   .................
    Crime trust fund.................................         6,800,000         14,731,000         14,731,000            30,000,000           +23,200,000        +15,269,000        +15,269,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Attorneys.................       852,824,000        939,194,000        911,556,000           950,537,000           +97,713,000        +11,343,000        +38,981,000 
United States Trustee System Fund....................       103,183,000        109,245,000        101,596,000           103,183,000      .................        -6,062,000         +1,587,000 
    Offsetting fee collections.......................       -40,597,000        -44,191,000        -44,191,000           -44,191,000            -3,594,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................        62,586,000         65,054,000         57,405,000            58,992,000            -3,594,000         -6,062,000         +1,587,000 
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission.................           830,000            905,000            830,000               905,000               +75,000   .................           +75,000 
United States Marshals Service:                                                                                                                                                                 
    Direct appropriation.............................       396,782,000        446,887,000        418,973,000           439,639,000           +42,857,000         -7,248,000        +20,666,000 
    Crime trust fund.................................  .................        16,500,000         25,000,000            15,000,000           +15,000,000         -1,500,000        -10,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Marshals Service..........       396,782,000        463,387,000        443,973,000           454,639,000           +57,857,000         -8,748,000        +10,666,000 
Federal Prisoner Detention...........................       296,753,000        295,331,000        250,331,000           295,331,000            -1,422,000   .................       +45,000,000 
Fees and expenses of witnesses.......................        77,982,000         85,000,000         85,000,000            85,000,000            +7,018,000   .................  .................
Community Relations Service \2\......................        20,379,000         20,695,000   .................  .......................       -20,379,000        -20,695,000   .................
Assets forfeiture fund...............................        50,000,000         55,000,000         35,000,000            35,000,000           -15,000,000        -20,000,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Legal activities........................     2,232,073,000      2,424,619,000      2,221,408,000         2,342,848,000          +110,775,000        -81,771,000       +121,440,000 
          Appropriations.............................    (2,220,673,000)    (2,385,797,000)    (2,174,086,000)       (2,294,857,000)         (+74,184,000)      (-90,940,000)     (+120,771,000)
          Crime trust fund...........................       (11,400,000)       (38,822,000)       (47,322,000)          (47,991,000)         (+36,591,000)       (+9,169,000)         (+669,000)
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
           Radiation Exposure Compensation                                                                                                                                                      
Administrative expenses..............................         2,655,000          2,655,000          2,655,000             2,655,000      .................  .................  .................
    Advance appropriation............................  .................         2,655,000   .................  .......................  .................        -2,655,000   .................
Payment to radiation exposure compensation trust fund  .................        16,264,000   .................  .......................  .................       -16,264,000   .................
    Advance appropriation............................  .................        30,000,000         16,264,000            16,264,000           +16,264,000        -13,736,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Radiation Exposure Compensation.........         2,655,000         51,574,000         18,919,000            18,919,000           +16,264,000        -32,655,000   .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
             Interagency Law Enforcement                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Interagency crime and drug enforcement...............       374,943,000        378,473,000        374,943,000           359,843,000           -15,100,000        -18,630,000        -15,100,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
           Federal Bureau of Investigation                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................     2,038,774,000      2,305,387,000      2,084,857,000         2,109,596,000           +70,822,000       -195,791,000        +24,739,000 
    Emergency appropriations (H.R. 1944).............        77,140,000   .................  .................  .......................       -77,140,000   .................  .................
Counterintelligence and national security............        80,421,000         82,224,000         82,224,000           121,345,000           +40,924,000        +39,121,000        +39,121,000 
FBI Fingerprint identification.......................        84,400,000         84,400,000         84,400,000            84,400,000      .................  .................  .................
Digital telephony (crime trust fund).................  .................        33,400,000         50,000,000            50,000,000           +50,000,000        +16,600,000   .................
Other initiatives (crime trust fund).................  .................        13,100,000         30,600,000           232,500,000          +232,500,000       +219,400,000       +201,900,000 
Construction.........................................  .................        99,259,000         98,400,000           147,800,000          +147,800,000        +48,541,000        +49,400,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.......................................     2,280,735,000      2,617,770,000      2,430,481,000         2,745,641,000          +464,906,000       +127,871,000       +315,160,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Bureau of Investigation.........    (2,280,735,000)    (2,617,770,000)    (2,430,481,000)       (2,745,641,000)        (+464,906,000)     (+127,871,000)     (+315,160,000)
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
           Drug Enforcement Administration                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       799,944,000        845,409,000        828,729,000           837,241,000           +37,297,000         -8,168,000         +8,512,000 
    Diversion control fund...........................       -43,431,000        -47,241,000        -47,241,000           -47,241,000            -3,810,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................       756,513,000        798,168,000        781,488,000           790,000,000           +33,487,000         -8,168,000         +8,512,000 
Crime trust fund.....................................  .................        12,000,000         12,000,000            60,000,000           +60,000,000        +48,000,000        +48,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Drug Enforcement Administration.........       756,513,000        810,168,000        793,488,000           850,000,000           +93,487,000        +39,832,000        +56,512,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
        Immigration and Naturalization Service                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                                                          
    Direct appropriation.............................       695,105,000        967,271,000        932,281,000           953,934,000          +258,829,000        -13,337,000        +21,653,000 
    Immigration legalization fund....................        (3,482,000)        (1,823,000)        (1,823,000)           (1,823,000)          (-1,659,000)  .................  .................
    Immigration user fee.............................      (330,952,000)      (357,084,000)      (357,084,000)         (357,084,000)         (+26,132,000)  .................  .................
    Land border inspection fund......................        (1,584,000)        (5,965,000)        (5,965,000)           (5,965,000)          (+4,381,000)  .................  .................
    Immigration examinations fund....................      (291,097,000)      (304,572,000)      (440,160,000)         (440,160,000)        (+149,063,000)     (+135,588,000)  .................
    Cuban/Haitian Resettlement \3\...................  .................  .................       (10,057,000)          (10,057,000)         (+10,057,000)      (+10,057,000)  .................
    Breached bond fund...............................        (6,200,000)        (6,358,000)        (6,358,000)           (6,358,000)            (+158,000)  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................    (1,328,420,000)    (1,643,073,000)    (1,753,728,000)       (1,775,381,000)        (+446,961,000)     (+132,308,000)      (+21,653,000)
Border Patrol \4\:                                                                                                                                                                              
    Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                                                      
        Direct appropriation.........................       406,370,000        486,200,000        489,200,000           489,200,000           +82,830,000         +3,000,000   .................
        Crime trust fund.............................        54,500,000         83,500,000         83,500,000           127,300,000           +72,800,000        +43,800,000        +43,800,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Salaries and expenses...............       460,870,000        569,700,000        572,700,000           616,500,000          +155,630,000        +46,800,000        +43,800,000 
Immigration initiative (crime trust fund)............        46,100,000        251,998,000         69,142,000            54,279,000            +8,179,000       -197,719,000        -14,863,000 
Border control system modernization (crime trust                                                                                                                                                
 fund)...............................................       154,600,000   .................       150,900,000           111,083,000           -43,517,000       +111,083,000        -39,817,000 
Construction.........................................        50,000,000   .................        11,000,000            35,000,000           -15,000,000        +35,000,000        +24,000,000 
Immigration Emergency Fund...........................        30,000,000   .................  .................  .......................       -30,000,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Immigration and Naturalization Service..    (2,069,990,000)    (2,464,771,000)    (2,557,470,000)       (2,592,243,000)        (+522,253,000)     (+127,472,000)      (+34,773,000)
          Appropriations.............................    (1,181,475,000)    (1,453,471,000)    (1,432,481,000)       (1,478,134,000)        (+296,659,000)      (+24,663,000)      (+45,653,000)
          Crime trust fund...........................      (255,200,000)      (335,498,000)      (303,542,000)         (292,662,000)         (+37,462,000)      (-42,836,000)        (-,880,000)
          (Fee accounts).............................      (633,315,000)      (675,802,000)      (821,447,000)         (821,447,000)        (+188,132,000)     (+145,645,000)  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                Federal Prison System                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................     2,353,597,000      2,630,259,000      2,614,578,000         2,614,578,000          +260,981,000        -15,681,000   .................
    Prior year carryover.............................       -30,000,000   .................       -40,000,000           -40,000,000           -10,000,000        -40,000,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................     2,323,597,000      2,630,259,000      2,574,578,000         2,574,578,000          +250,981,000        -55,681,000   .................
Crime trust fund.....................................  .................        13,500,000         13,500,000            13,500,000           +13,500,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................     2,323,597,000      2,643,759,000      2,588,078,000         2,588,078,000          +264,481,000        -55,681,000   .................
National Institute of Corrections....................        10,302,000         10,158,000   .................            8,000,000            -2,302,000         -2,158,000         +8,000,000 
Buildings and facilities.............................       276,301,000        323,728,000        323,728,000           349,410,000           +73,109,000        +25,682,000        +25,682,000 
Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated (limitation                                                                                                                                             
 on administrative expenses).........................        (3,463,000)        (3,559,000)        (3,559,000)           (3,559,000)             (+96,000)  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Prison System...................     2,610,200,000      2,977,645,000      2,911,806,000         2,945,488,000          +335,288,000        -32,157,000        +33,682,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
              Office of Justice Programs                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Justice Assistance:                                                                                                                                                                             
    Direct appropriation.............................        97,977,000        102,345,000         97,977,000           102,345,000            +4,368,000   .................        +4,368,000 
    Crime trust fund:                                                                                                                                                                           
        Drug Courts..................................        11,900,000        150,000,000   .................  .......................       -11,900,000       -150,000,000   .................
        Violence Against Women Grants................        26,000,000        174,900,000        124,500,000           100,000,000           +74,000,000        -74,900,000        -24,500,000 
        Ounce of Prevention Council..................         1,500,000   .................  .................  .......................        -1,500,000   .................  .................
        Crime prevention.............................  .................        30,000,000   .................  .......................  .................       -30,000,000   .................
        Model intensive prevention...................  .................        48,216,000   .................  .......................  .................       -48,216,000   .................
        State prison drug treatment..................  .................        27,000,000         27,000,000   .......................  .................       -27,000,000        -27,000,000 
        Other crime control programs.................  .................         4,426,000            900,000               900,000              +900,000         -3,526,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Crime trust fund.................        39,400,000        434,542,000        152,400,000           100,900,000           +61,500,000       -333,642,000        -51,500,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Justice Assistance..................       137,377,000        536,887,000        250,377,000           203,245,000           +65,868,000       -333,642,000        -47,132,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
Civil Legal Assistance: \5\ Direct appropriation.....  .................  .................  .................          210,000,000          +210,000,000       +210,000,000       +210,000,000 
State and local law enforcement assistance:                                                                                                                                                     
    Direct appropriations:                                                                                                                                                                      
        Byrne grants (discretionary).................        62,000,000        240,000,000         50,000,000            50,000,000           -12,000,000       -190,000,000   .................
        Byrne Grants (formula).......................  .................  .................  .................          175,000,000          +175,000,000       +175,000,000       +175,000,000 
        Weed and seed fund...........................        13,456,000          5,000,000        (23,500,000)          (23,500,000)          -13,456,000         -5,000,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Direct appropriations............        75,456,000        245,000,000         50,000,000           225,000,000          +149,544,000        -20,000,000       +175,000,000 
    Crime trust fund:                                                                                                                                                                           
        State and local block grants:                                                                                                                                                           
          Byrne grants (formula).....................       450,000,000        260,000,000        475,000,000           300,000,000          -150,000,000        +40,000,000       -175,000,000 
          Local law enforcement block grant..........     1,300,000,000      1,902,964,000      1,950,000,000         1,690,000,000          +390,000,000       -212,964,000       -260,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Subtotal, State and local block grants...     1,750,000,000      2,162,964,000      2,425,000,000         1,990,000,000          +240,000,000       -172,964,000       -435,000,000 
        Upgrade criminal history records.............       100,000,000         25,000,000         25,000,000            25,000,000           -75,000,000   .................  .................
        State Correctional Grants....................        24,500,000        500,000,000        500,000,000           750,000,000          +725,500,000       +250,000,000       +250,000,000 
        State Criminal Alien Assistance Program......       130,000,000        300,000,000        300,000,000           300,000,000          +170,000,000   .................  .................
        Youthful offender incarceration..............  .................         9,643,000         19,643,000            15,000,000           +15,000,000         +5,357,000         -4,643,000 
        Rural law enforcement........................  .................        10,252,000   .................  .......................  .................       -10,252,000   .................
        Other crime control programs.................  .................        26,799,000         13,700,000            12,100,000           +12,100,000        -14,699,000         -1,600,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Crime trust fund.................     2,004,500,000      3,034,658,000      3,283,343,000         3,092,100,000        +1,087,600,000        +57,442,000       -191,243,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, State and local law enforcement.....     2,079,956,000      3,279,658,000      3,333,343,000         3,317,100,000        +1,237,144,000        +37,442,000        -16,243,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
Juvenile justice programs............................       155,250,000        148,500,000        148,500,000           148,500,000            -6,750,000   .................  .................
Public safety officers benefits program:                                                                                                                                                        
    Death benefits...................................        27,645,000         28,474,000         28,474,000            28,474,000              +829,000   .................  .................
    Disability benefits..............................         2,072,000          2,134,000          2,134,000             2,134,000               +62,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of Justice Programs..............     2,402,300,000      3,995,653,000      3,762,828,000         3,909,453,000        +1,507,153,000        -86,200,000       +146,625,000 
          Appropriations.............................      (358,400,000)      (526,453,000)      (327,085,000)         (716,453,000)        (+358,053,000)     (+190,000,000)     (+389,368,000)
          Crime trust fund...........................    (2,043,900,000)    (3,469,200,000)    (3,435,743,000)       (3,193,000,000)      (+1,149,100,000)     (-276,200,000)     (-242,743,000)
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, title I, Department of Justice..........    12,299,791,000     15,291,039,000     14,474,522,000        15,176,764,000        +2,876,973,000       -114,275,000       +702,242,000 
          Appropriations.............................    (9,977,391,000)   (11,326,839,000)   (10,534,035,000)      (11,262,764,000)      (+1,285,373,000)      (-64,075,000)     (+728,729,000)
          Crime trust fund...........................    (2,327,900,000)    (3,964,200,000)    (3,940,487,000)       (3,914,000,000)      (+1,586,100,000)      (-50,200,000)      (-26,487,000)
          (Limitation on administrative expenses)....        (3,463,000)        (3,559,000)        (3,559,000)           (3,559,000)             (+96,000)  .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                
         TRADE AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                
   Office of the United States Trade Representative                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        20,949,000         20,949,000         20,949,000            20,889,000               -60,000            -60,000            -60,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
            International Trade Commission                                                                                                                                                      
Salaries and expenses................................        42,500,000         47,177,000         42,500,000            34,000,000            -8,500,000        -13,177,000         -8,500,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Related agencies........................        63,449,000         68,126,000         63,449,000            54,889,000            -8,560,000        -13,237,000         -8,560,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
          International Trade Administration                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Operations and administration........................       266,093,000        279,558,000        264,885,000           219,579,000           -46,514,000        -59,979,000        -45,306,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
                Export Administration                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Operations and administration........................        38,644,000         48,441,000         38,644,000            30,504,000            -8,140,000        -17,937,000         -8,140,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
         Economic Development Administration                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Economic development assistance programs.............       382,783,000        407,783,000        328,500,000            89,000,000          -293,783,000       -318,783,000       -239,500,000 
    Emergency rescission (H.R. 1944).................        -5,250,000   .................  .................  .......................        +5,250,000   .................  .................
Salaries and expenses................................        32,144,000         31,183,000         20,000,000            11,000,000           -21,144,000        -20,183,000         -9,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Economic Development Administration.....       409,677,000        438,966,000        348,500,000           100,000,000          -309,677,000       -338,966,000       -248,500,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
         Minority Business Development Agency                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Minority business development........................        43,789,000         47,921,000         32,000,000   .......................       -43,789,000        -47,921,000        -32,000,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
   United States Travel and Tourism Administration                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        16,328,000         16,303,000          2,000,000   .......................       -16,328,000        -16,303,000         -2,000,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, Trade and Infrastructure Development....       837,980,000        899,315,000        749,478,000           404,972,000          -433,008,000       -494,343,000       -344,506,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
       ECONOMIC AND INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                
          Economic and Statistical Analysis                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        46,896,000         57,220,000         40,000,000            57,220,000           +10,324,000   .................       +17,220,000 
Economics and statistics administration revolving                                                                                                                                               
 fund................................................         1,677,000   .................  .................  .......................        -1,677,000   .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                 Bureau of the Census                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       136,000,000        144,812,000        136,000,000           144,812,000            +8,812,000   .................        +8,812,000 
Periodic censuses and programs.......................       142,083,000        193,450,000        135,000,000           193,450,000           +51,367,000   .................       +58,450,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Bureau of the Census....................       278,083,000        338,262,000        271,000,000           338,262,000           +60,179,000   .................       +67,262,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
     National Telecommunications and Information                                                                                                                                                
                    Administration                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        20,961,000         22,932,000         19,709,000             5,000,000           -15,961,000        -17,932,000        -14,709,000 
    (By transfer)....................................  .................  .................  .................           (9,000,000)          (+9,000,000)       (+9,000,000)       (+9,000,000)
Public broadcasting facilities, planning and                                                                                                                                                    
 construction........................................        28,983,000          7,959,000         19,000,000            10,000,000           -18,983,000         +2,041,000         -9,000,000 
Endowment for Children's Educational Television......         2,499,000          2,502,000   .................  .......................        -2,499,000         -2,502,000   .................
Information infrastructure grants....................        44,962,000         99,912,000         40,000,000   .......................       -44,962,000        -99,912,000        -40,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Telecommunications and                                                                                                                                                    
       Information Administration....................        97,405,000        133,305,000         78,709,000            15,000,000           -82,405,000       -118,305,000        -63,709,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
             Patent and Trademark Office                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        82,324,000        110,868,000         90,000,000            56,324,000           -26,000,000        -54,544,000        -33,676,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, Economic and Information Infrastructure.       506,385,000        639,655,000        479,709,000           466,806,000           -39,579,000       -172,849,000        -12,903,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                                                                                                                                                                                                
                SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
    National Institute of Standards and Technology                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Scientific and technical research and services.......       247,486,000        310,679,000        263,000,000           222,737,000           -24,749,000        -87,942,000        -40,263,000 
Industrial technology services.......................       418,373,000        642,458,000         81,100,000            76,600,000          -341,773,000       -565,858,000         -4,500,000 
Construction of research facilities..................        34,639,000         69,913,000         60,000,000            24,000,000           -10,639,000        -45,913,000        -36,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Institute of Standards and                                                                                                                                                
       Technology....................................       700,498,000      1,023,050,000        404,100,000           323,337,000          -377,161,000       -699,713,000        -80,763,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
   National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Operations, research and facilities \6\..............     1,805,092,000      2,021,135,000      1,724,452,000         1,809,092,000            +4,000,000       -212,043,000        +84,640,000 
    Offsetting collections--fees.....................        -6,000,000         -3,000,000         -3,000,000            -3,000,000            +3,000,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................     1,799,092,000      2,018,135,000      1,721,452,000         1,806,092,000            +7,000,000       -212,043,000        +84,640,000 
    (By transfer from Promote and Develop Fund)......       (55,500,000)       (55,500,000)       (57,500,000)          (55,500,000)     .................  .................       (-2,000,000)
    (By transfer from Damage assessment and                                                                                                                                                     
     restoration revolving fund, permanent)..........         8,500,000          3,900,000          3,900,000             3,900,000            -4,600,000   .................  .................
    (Damage assessment and restoration revolving                                                                                                                                                
     fund)...........................................        -1,500,000         -3,900,000         -3,900,000            -3,900,000            -2,400,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Operations, research and facilities.....     1,806,092,000      2,018,135,000      1,721,452,000         1,806,092,000      .................      -212,043,000        +84,640,000 
Coastal zone management fund.........................        (7,800,000)        (7,800,000)        (7,800,000)           (7,800,000)     .................  .................  .................
    Mandatory offset.................................       (-7,800,000)       (-7,800,000)       (-7,800,000)          (-7,800,000)     .................  .................  .................
Construction.........................................        82,254,000         52,299,000         42,731,000            50,000,000           -32,254,000         -2,299,000         +7,269,000 
Fleet modernization, shipbuilding and conversion.....        22,936,000         23,347,000          8,000,000             8,000,000           -14,936,000        -15,347,000   .................
GOES satellite contingency fund (rescission).........        -2,500,000   .................  .................  .......................        +2,500,000   .................  .................
Fishing vessel and gear damage fund..................         1,273,000          1,282,000          1,032,000             1,032,000              -241,000           -250,000   .................
Fishermen's contingency fund.........................           999,000          1,000,000            999,000               999,000      .................            -1,000   .................
Foreign fishing observer fund........................           400,000            396,000            196,000               196,000              -204,000           -200,000   .................
Fishing vessel obligations guarantees................           250,000            250,000   .................              250,000      .................  .................          +250,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Oceanic and Atmospheric                                                                                                                                                   
       Administration................................     1,911,704,000      2,096,709,000      1,774,410,000         1,866,569,000           -45,135,000       -230,140,000        +92,159,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
              Technology Administration                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................  .................        13,906,000          5,000,000   .......................        -8,242,000        -13,906,000         -5,000,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
        National Technical Information Service                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                
NTIS revolving fund..................................         7,000,000   .................  .................  .......................        -7,000,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Science and Technology..................     2,627,444,000      3,133,665,000      2,183,510,000         2,189,906,000          -437,538,000       -943,759,000         +6,396,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                General Administration                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        36,471,000         35,826,000         29,100,000            29,100,000            -7,371,000         -6,726,000   .................
Office of Inspector General..........................        16,887,000         22,249,000         21,849,000            21,849,000            +4,962,000           -400,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General administration..................        53,358,000         58,075,000         50,949,000            50,949,000            -2,409,000         -7,126,000   .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
Transition fund......................................  .................  .................  .................           52,000,000           +52,000,000        +52,000,000        +52,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of Commerce..................     3,961,718,000      4,662,584,000      3,400,197,000         3,109,744,000          -851,974,000     -1,552,840,000       -290,453,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, title II, Department of Commerce and                                                                                                                                               
       related agencies..............................     4,025,167,000      4,730,710,000      3,463,646,000         3,164,633,000          -860,534,000     -1,566,077,000       -299,013,000 
          (By transfer)..............................       (55,500,000)       (55,500,000)       (57,500,000)          (64,500,000)          (+9,000,000)       (+9,000,000)       (+7,000,000)
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
               TITLE III--THE JUDICIARY                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
          Supreme Court of the United States                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                                                          
    Salaries of justices.............................         1,657,000          1,662,000          1,662,000             1,662,000                +5,000   .................  .................
    Other salaries and expenses......................        22,583,000         24,172,000         24,172,000            24,172,000            +1,589,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................        24,240,000         25,834,000         25,834,000            25,834,000            +1,594,000   .................  .................
Care of the building and grounds.....................         3,000,000          4,003,000          3,313,000             3,313,000              +313,000           -690,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Supreme Court of the United States......        27,240,000         29,837,000         29,147,000            29,147,000            +1,907,000           -690,000   .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
    United States Court of Appeals for the Federal                                                                                                                                              
                       Circuit                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                                                          
    Salaries of judges...............................         1,758,000          1,892,000          1,892,000             1,892,000              +134,000   .................  .................
    Other salaries and expenses......................        11,680,000         13,603,000         12,178,000            12,396,000              +716,000         -1,207,000           +218,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................        13,438,000         15,495,000         14,070,000            14,288,000              +850,000         -1,207,000           +218,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      United States Court of International Trade                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                                                          
    Salaries of judges...............................         1,385,000          1,413,000          1,413,000             1,413,000               +28,000   .................  .................
    Other salaries and expenses......................         9,300,000          9,446,000          9,446,000             9,446,000              +146,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................        10,685,000         10,859,000         10,859,000            10,859,000              +174,000   .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
    Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other                                                                                                                                               
                  Judicial Services                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                                                          
    Salaries of judges and bankruptcy judges.........       220,428,000        226,024,000        226,024,000           226,024,000            +5,596,000   .................  .................
    Other salaries and expenses......................     2,119,699,000      2,419,941,000      2,183,000,000         2,245,171,000          +125,472,000       -174,770,000        +62,171,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................     2,340,127,000      2,645,965,000      2,409,024,000         2,471,195,000          +131,068,000       -174,770,000        +62,171,000 
    Crime trust fund.................................  .................        30,700,000         41,500,000            30,000,000           +30,000,000           -700,000        -11,500,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................     2,340,127,000      2,676,665,000      2,450,524,000         2,501,195,000          +161,068,000       -175,470,000        +50,671,000 
Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund...............         2,250,000          2,320,000          2,318,000             2,318,000               +68,000             -2,000   .................
Defender services....................................       240,500,000        295,761,000        260,000,000           274,433,000           +33,933,000        -21,328,000        +14,433,000 
Fees of jurors and commissioners.....................        54,346,000         72,008,000         59,028,000            59,028,000            +4,682,000        -12,980,000   .................
Court security.......................................        97,000,000        116,433,000        109,724,000           102,000,000            +5,000,000        -14,433,000         -7,724,000 
    Emergency appropriations (H.R. 1944).............        16,640,000   .................  .................  .......................       -16,640,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and                                                                                                                                            
       Other Judicial Services.......................     2,750,863,000      3,163,187,000      2,881,594,000         2,938,974,000          +188,111,000       -224,213,000        +57,380,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
  Administrative Office of the United States Courts                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        47,500,000         53,445,000         47,500,000            47,500,000      .................        -5,945,000   .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
               Federal Judicial Center                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        18,828,000         20,771,000         18,828,000            17,000,000            -1,828,000         -3,771,000         -1,828,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
              Judicial Retirement Funds                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Payment to Judiciary Trust Funds.....................        28,475,000         32,900,000         32,900,000            32,900,000            +4,425,000   .................  .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
         United States Sentencing Commission                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         8,800,000          9,500,000          8,500,000             7,040,000            -1,760,000         -2,460,000         -1,460,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, title III, the Judiciary................     2,905,829,000      3,335,994,000      3,043,398,000         3,097,708,000          +191,879,000       -238,286,000        +54,310,000 
          Appropriations.............................    (2,905,829,000)    (3,305,294,000)    (3,001,898,000)       (3,067,708,000)        (+161,879,000)     (-237,586,000)      (+65,810,000)
          Crime trust fund...........................  .................       (30,700,000)       (41,500,000)          (30,000,000)         (+30,000,000)         (-700,000)      (-11,500,000)
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
            TITLE IV--DEPARTMENT OF STATE                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                
          Administration of Foreign Affairs                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Diplomatic and consular programs.....................     1,724,628,000      1,748,438,000      1,716,878,000         1,552,165,000          -172,463,000       -196,273,000       -164,713,000 
    Security enhancements............................  .................         9,720,000          9,720,000             9,720,000            +9,720,000   .................  .................
    Registration fees................................           700,000            700,000            700,000               700,000      .................  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Diplomatic and consular programs........     1,725,328,000      1,758,858,000      1,727,298,000         1,562,585,000          -162,743,000       -196,273,000       -164,713,000 
Salaries and expenses................................       383,972,000        372,480,000        363,276,000           335,276,000           -48,696,000        -37,204,000        -28,000,000 
    Security enhancements............................  .................         1,870,000          1,870,000             1,870,000            +1,870,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses...................       383,972,000        374,350,000        365,146,000           337,146,000           -46,826,000        -37,204,000        -28,000,000 
Transition fund......................................  .................  .................  .................           26,000,000           +26,000,000        +26,000,000        +26,000,000 
Capital investment fund..............................  .................        32,800,000         16,400,000             8,200,000            +8,200,000        -24,600,000         -8,200,000 
Office of Inspector General..........................        23,850,000         24,250,000         27,669,000            27,350,000            +3,500,000         +3,100,000           -319,000 
Representation allowances............................         4,780,000          4,800,000          4,780,000             4,500,000              -280,000           -300,000           -280,000 
Protection of foreign missions and officials.........         9,579,000          8,579,000          8,579,000             8,579,000            -1,000,000   .................  .................
Acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad......       391,760,000        421,760,000        391,760,000           369,860,000           -21,900,000        -51,900,000        -21,900,000 
Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service...         6,500,000          6,000,000          6,000,000             6,000,000              -500,000   .................  .................
Repatriation Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                                                             
    Direct loans subsidy.............................           593,000            593,000            593,000               593,000      .................  .................  .................
    (Limitation on direct loans).....................          (741,000)          (741,000)          (741,000)             (741,000)     .................  .................  .................
    Administrative expenses..........................           183,000            183,000            183,000               183,000      .................  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Repatriation loans program account......           776,000            776,000            776,000               776,000      .................  .................  .................
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan..........        15,465,000         15,465,000         15,165,000            15,165,000              -300,000           -300,000   .................
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and                                                                                                                                                   
 Disability Fund.....................................       129,321,000        125,402,000        125,402,000           125,402,000            -3,919,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administration of Foreign Affairs.......     2,691,331,000      2,773,040,000      2,688,975,000         2,491,563,000          -199,768,000       -281,477,000       -197,412,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
     International Organizations and Conferences                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Contributions to international organizations, current                                                                                                                                           
 year assessment.....................................       872,661,000        923,057,000        858,000,000           550,000,000          -322,661,000       -373,057,000       -308,000,000 
Contributions for international peacekeeping                                                                                                                                                    
 activities, current year assessment.................       518,687,000        445,000,000        425,000,000           250,000,000          -268,687,000       -195,000,000       -175,000,000 
International conferences and contingencies..........         6,000,000          6,000,000          3,000,000             3,000,000            -3,000,000         -3,000,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Organizations and                                                                                                                                                    
       Conferences...................................     1,397,348,000      1,374,057,000      1,286,000,000           803,000,000          -594,348,000       -571,057,000       -483,000,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
              International Commissions                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
International Boundary and Water Commission, United                                                                                                                                             
 States and Mexico:                                                                                                                                                                             
    Salaries and expenses............................        12,858,000         13,858,000         12,358,000            11,500,000            -1,358,000         -2,358,000           -858,000 
    Construction.....................................         6,644,000         10,398,000          6,644,000             8,000,000            +1,356,000         -2,398,000         +1,356,000 
American sections, international commissions.........         5,800,000          6,290,000          5,800,000             5,550,000              -250,000           -740,000           -250,000 
International fisheries commissions..................        14,669,000         14,669,000         14,669,000            14,669,000      .................  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International commissions...............        39,971,000         45,215,000         39,471,000            39,719,000              -252,000         -5,496,000           +248,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                        Other                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Payment to the Asia Foundation.......................        10,000,000         10,000,000         10,000,000   .......................       -10,000,000        -10,000,000        -10,000,000 
Appropriation (fiscal year 1995 Defense bill, Public                                                                                                                                            
 Law 103-335)........................................         5,000,000   .................  .................  .......................        -5,000,000   .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, Department of State.....................     4,143,650,000      4,202,312,000      4,024,446,000         3,334,282,000          -809,368,000       -868,030,000       -690,164,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                   RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
         Arms Control and Disarmament Agency                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Arms control and disarmament activities..............        50,378,000         76,300,000         40,000,000            22,700,000           -27,678,000        -53,600,000        -17,300,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
         Board for International Broadcasting                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Israel Relay Station (rescission)....................        -2,000,000   .................  .................  .......................        +2,000,000   .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
           United States Information Agency                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       475,645,000        496,002,000        445,645,000           420,000,000           -55,645,000        -76,002,000        -25,645,000 
Technology fund......................................  .................        10,100,000          5,050,000             3,050,000            +3,050,000         -7,050,000         -2,000,000 
Office of Inspector General..........................         4,300,000          4,593,000   .................  .......................        -4,300,000         -4,593,000   .................
Educational and cultural exchange programs...........       233,279,000        252,676,000        192,090,000   .......................      -233,279,000       -252,676,000       -192,090,000 
    Transfer (fiscal year 1995 Foreign Ops bill,                                                                                                                                                
     Public Law 103-336).............................        42,000,000   .................  .................  .......................       -42,000,000   .................  .................
Fulbright academic exchanges.........................  .................  .................  .................           90,000,000           +90,000,000        +90,000,000        +90,000,000 
Other exchange programs..............................  .................  .................  .................          100,000,000          +100,000,000       +100,000,000       +100,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.......................................       275,279,000        252,676,000        192,090,000           190,000,000           -85,279,000        -62,676,000         -2,090,000 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program, trust fund...         2,800,000            300,000            300,000               300,000            -2,500,000   .................  .................
Israeli Arab scholarship program.....................           397,000            397,000            397,000               397,000      .................  .................  .................
International Broadcasting Operations \7\............       475,363,000        395,340,000        341,000,000           330,191,000          -145,172,000        -65,149,000        -10,809,000 
Radio Free Asia: Operations \7\......................         5,000,000        (10,000,000)        (5,000,000)           (5,000,000)           -5,000,000   .................  .................
Broadcasting to Cuba \7\.............................        24,809,000        (26,063,000)       (24,809,000)           24,809,000      .................       +24,809,000        +24,809,000 
Radio construction...................................        69,314,000         85,919,000         70,164,000            22,000,000           -47,314,000        -63,919,000        -48,164,000 
East-West Center.....................................        24,500,000         20,000,000   .................           10,000,000           -14,500,000        -10,000,000        +10,000,000 
North/South Center...................................         4,000,000          1,000,000   .................            1,000,000            -3,000,000   .................        +1,000,000 
National Endowment for Democracy.....................        34,000,000         34,000,000         30,000,000            30,000,000            -4,000,000         -4,000,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Information Agency........     1,395,407,000      1,300,327,000      1,084,646,000         1,031,747,000          -363,660,000       -268,580,000        -52,899,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, related agencies........................     1,443,785,000      1,376,627,000      1,124,646,000         1,054,447,000          -389,338,000       -322,180,000        -70,199,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, title IV, Department of State...........     5,587,435,000      5,578,939,000      5,149,092,000         4,388,729,000        -1,198,706,000     -1,190,210,000       -760,363,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
              TITLE V--RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
             DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                
               Maritime Administration                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Operating-differential subsidies (liquidation of                                                                                                                                                
 contract authority).................................      (214,356,000)      (162,610,000)      (162,610,000)         (162,610,000)         (-51,746,000)  .................  .................
    Maritime Security Program........................  .................       175,000,000   .................  .......................  .................      -175,000,000   .................
Operations and training..............................        76,087,000         81,650,000         64,600,000            68,600,000            -7,487,000        -13,050,000         +4,000,000 
Ready reserve force:                                                                                                                                                                            
    Maintenance, operations and facilities...........       149,653,000   .................  .................  .......................      -149,653,000   .................  .................
        Rescission...................................      -158,000,000   .................  .................  .......................      +158,000,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Ready reserve force.................        -8,347,000   .................  .................  .......................        +8,347,000   .................  .................
Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program Account:                                                                                                                                                       
    Guaranteed loans subsidy.........................        25,000,000         48,000,000         48,000,000   .......................       -25,000,000        -48,000,000        -48,000,000 
    (Limitation on guaranteed loans).................      (250,000,000)    (1,000,000,000)    (1,000,000,000)  .......................     (-250,000,000)   (-1,000,000,000)   (-1,000,000,000)
    Administrative expenses..........................         2,000,000          4,000,000          4,000,000             2,000,000      .................        -2,000,000         -2,000,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Maritime guaranteed loan program account        27,000,000         52,000,000         52,000,000             2,000,000           -25,000,000        -50,000,000        -50,000,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, Maritime Administration.................        94,740,000        308,650,000        116,600,000            70,600,000           -24,140,000       -238,050,000        -46,000,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage                                                                                                                                           
                        Abroad                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................           206,000            212,000            206,000               206,000      .................            -6,000   .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
              Commission on Civil Rights                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         9,000,000         11,400,000          8,500,000             9,000,000      .................        -2,400,000           +500,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
           Commission on Immigration Reform                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         1,894,000          2,877,000          2,377,000             1,894,000      .................          -983,000           -483,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
   Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         1,090,000          1,122,000          1,090,000             1,090,000      .................           -32,000   .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
            Competitiveness Policy Council                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         1,000,000            503,000   .................  .......................        -1,000,000           -503,000   .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
       Equal Employment Opportunity Commission                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       233,000,000        268,000,000        233,000,000           233,000,000      .................       -35,000,000   .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
          Federal Communications Commission                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       185,232,000        223,600,000        185,232,000           166,185,000           -19,047,000        -57,415,000        -19,047,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--current year.........      -116,400,000       -116,400,000       -116,400,000          -116,400,000      .................  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................        68,832,000        107,200,000         68,832,000            49,785,000           -19,047,000        -57,415,000        -19,047,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
             Federal Maritime Commission                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        18,569,000         18,947,000         15,000,000            14,855,000            -3,714,000         -4,092,000           -145,000 
    Offsetting fee collections.......................  .................        -2,228,000   .................  .......................  .................        +2,228,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................        18,569,000         16,719,000         15,000,000            14,855,000            -3,714,000         -1,864,000           -145,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
               Federal Trade Commission                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................        98,928,000        107,873,000         98,928,000            79,142,000           -19,786,000        -28,731,000        -19,786,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover............        -4,500,000   .................       -16,000,000           -16,000,000           -11,500,000        -16,000,000   .................
    Offsetting fee collections--current year.........       -39,640,000        -48,262,000        -48,262,000           -48,262,000            -8,622,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................        54,788,000         59,611,000         34,666,000            14,880,000           -39,908,000        -44,731,000        -19,786,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Japan--United States Friendship Commission                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Japan--United States Friendship Trust Fund...........         1,247,000          1,250,000          1,247,000             1,247,000      .................            -3,000   .................
    (Foreign currency appropriation).................        (1,420,000)        (1,420,000)        (1,420,000)           (1,420,000)     .................  .................  .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
              Legal Services Corporation                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Payment to the Legal Services Corporation............       400,000,000        440,000,000        278,000,000   .......................      -400,000,000       -440,000,000       -278,000,000 
    Closing costs....................................  .................  .................  .................            3,300,000            +3,300,000         +3,300,000         +3,300,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
               Marine Mammal Commission                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................         1,384,000          1,425,000          1,000,000             1,000,000              -384,000           -425,000   .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
  Martin Luther King, Jr. Federal Holiday Commission                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................           300,000            350,000            250,000               350,000               +50,000   .................          +100,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
        National Bankruptcy Review Commission                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses (by transfer)..................        (1,000,000)  .................  .................  .......................       (-1,000,000)  .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
             Ounce of Prevention Council                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Crime trust fund \8\.................................  .................        14,700,000   .................  .......................  .................       -14,700,000   .................
                                                                                                                                                                                                
          Securities and Exchange Commission                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       297,405,000        342,922,000        297,405,000           237,924,000           -59,481,000       -104,998,000        -59,481,000 
    Offsetting fee collections.......................      -192,000,000   .................      -184,293,000          -123,000,000           +69,000,000       -123,000,000        +61,293,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover............       -30,549,000   .................        -9,667,000            -9,667,000           +20,882,000         -9,667,000   .................
    Investment adviser fee--offsetting collection....       (-8,595,000)  .................  .................  .......................       (+8,595,000)  .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................        74,856,000        342,922,000        103,445,000           105,257,000           +30,401,000       -237,665,000         +1,812,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
            Small Business Administration                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses................................       251,504,000        242,831,000        225,625,000           201,203,000           -50,301,000        -41,628,000        -24,422,000 
    Offsetting fee collections.......................        -9,350,000         -3,300,000         -3,300,000            -3,300,000            +6,050,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation...........................       242,154,000        239,531,000        222,325,000           197,903,000           -44,251,000        -41,628,000        -24,422,000 
Office of Inspector General..........................         8,500,000          9,200,000          8,750,000             8,500,000      .................          -700,000           -250,000 
Business Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                                                                 
    Direct loans subsidy.............................         3,596,000         12,428,000          5,000,000   .......................        -3,596,000        -12,428,000         -5,000,000 
    Guaranteed loans subsidy \9\.....................       274,439,000         50,835,000        145,010,000           173,510,000          -100,929,000       +122,675,000        +28,500,000 
    Micro loan guarantees............................         1,216,000          1,700,000          1,700,000             1,216,000      .................          -484,000           -484,000 
    Section 503 prepayment...........................        30,000,000   .................  .................  .......................       -30,000,000   .................  .................
    Administrative expenses..........................        97,000,000         99,910,000         92,622,000            77,600,000           -19,400,000        -22,310,000        -15,022,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Business loans program account..........       406,251,000        164,873,000        244,332,000           252,326,000          -153,925,000        +87,453,000         +7,994,000 
Disaster Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                                                                 
    Direct loans subsidy \9\.........................        52,153,000         34,432,000         34,432,000            34,432,000           -17,721,000   .................  .................
    Administrative expenses..........................        78,000,000         80,340,000         78,000,000            62,400,000           -15,600,000        -17,940,000        -15,600,000 
    Contingency fund (emergency).....................       125,000,000        100,000,000   .................  .......................      -125,000,000       -100,000,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Disaster loans program account..........       255,153,000        214,772,000        112,432,000            96,832,000          -158,321,000       -117,940,000        -15,600,000 
Surety bond guarantees revolving fund................         5,369,000          2,530,000          2,530,000             2,530,000            -2,839,000   .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, Small Business Administration...........       917,427,000        630,906,000        590,369,000           558,091,000          -359,336,000        -72,815,000        -32,278,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
               State Justice Institute                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Salaries and expenses \10\...........................        13,550,000         13,550,000   .................            5,000,000            -8,550,000         -8,550,000         +5,000,000 
Crime trust fund.....................................  .................           600,000   .................  .......................  .................          -600,000   .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, State Justice Institute.................        13,550,000         14,150,000   .................            5,000,000            -8,550,000         -9,150,000         +5,000,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Total, title V, Related agencies...............     1,891,883,000      2,221,997,000      1,454,582,000         1,069,555,000          -822,328,000     -1,152,442,000       -385,027,000 
          Appropriations.............................    (2,049,883,000)    (2,206,697,000)    (1,454,582,000)       (1,069,555,000)        (-980,328,000)   (-1,137,142,000)     (-385,027,000)
          Rescission.................................     (-158,000,000)  .................  .................  .......................     (+158,000,000)  .................  .................
          Crime trust fund...........................  .................       (15,300,000)  .................  .......................  .................      (-15,300,000)  .................
          (Liquidation of contract authority)........      (214,356,000)      (162,610,000)      (162,610,000)         (162,610,000)         (-51,746,000)  .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
             TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Procurement: General Provisions \11\.................       -11,769,000   .................  .................  .......................       +11,769,000   .................  .................
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title VI, general provisions............       -11,769,000   .................  .................  .......................       +11,769,000   .................  .................
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                TITLE VII--RESCISSIONS                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
                DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                
                General Administration                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Working capital fund (rescission)....................  .................  .................  .................          -35,000,000           -35,000,000        -35,000,000        -35,000,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
                DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                
     National Telecommunications and Information                                                                                                                                                
                    Administration                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Information infrastructure grants (rescission).......  .................  .................  .................          -36,769,000           -36,769,000        -36,769,000        -36,769,000 
                                                                                                                                                                                                
    National Institute of Standards and Technology                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Construction of Research Facilities (rescission).....  .................  .................  .................         -152,993,000          -152,993,000       -152,993,000       -152,993,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of Commerce..................  .................  .................  .................         -189,762,000          -189,762,000       -189,762,000       -189,762,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                 DEPARTMENT OF STATE                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                
          Administration of Foreign Affairs                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad                                                                                                                                                 
 (rescission)........................................  .................  .................  .................         -140,000,000          -140,000,000       -140,000,000       -140,000,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
                   RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                
           United States Information Agency                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Radio construction (rescission)......................  .................  .................  .................           -7,400,000            -7,400,000         -7,400,000         -7,400,000 
                                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title VII, Rescissions..................  .................  .................  .................         -372,162,000          -372,162,000       -372,162,000       -372,162,000 
                                                      ==========================================================================================================================================
      Grand total:                                                                                                                                                                              
          New budget (obligational) authority........    26,698,336,000     31,158,679,000     27,585,240,000        26,525,227,000          -173,109,000     -4,633,452,000     -1,060,013,000 
              Appropriations.........................   (24,541,686,000)   (27,148,479,000)   (23,603,253,000)      (22,953,389,000)      (-1,588,297,000)   (-4,195,090,000)     (-649,864,000)
              Rescissions............................     (-171,250,000)  .................  .................        (-372,162,000)        (-200,912,000)     (-372,162,000)     (-372,162,000)
              Crime trust fund.......................    (2,327,900,000)    (4,010,200,000)    (3,981,987,000)       (3,944,000,000)      (+1,616,100,000)      (-66,200,000)      (-37,987,000)
          (By transfer)..............................       (56,500,000)       (55,500,000)       (57,500,000)          (75,500,000)         (+19,000,000)      (+20,000,000)      (+18,000,000)
          (Limitation on administrative expenses)....        (3,463,000)        (3,559,000)        (3,559,000)           (3,559,000)             (+96,000)  .................  .................
          (Limitation on direct loans)...............          (741,000)          (741,000)          (741,000)             (741,000)     .................  .................  .................
          (Liquidation of contract authority)........      (214,356,000)      (162,610,000)      (162,610,000)         (162,610,000)         (-51,746,000)  .................  .................
          (Foreign currency appropriation)...........        (1,420,000)        (1,420,000)        (1,420,000)           (1,420,000)     .................  .................  .................
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\1\ 1995 ``Salaries and expenses'' funds were used for ``Administrative review and appeals''.                                                                                                   
\2\ Cuban/Haitian Resettlement transferred to INS.                                                                                                                                              
\3\ By transfer from CRS.                                                                                                                                                                       
\4\ Border Patrol funding broken out as a separate account under INS.                                                                                                                           
\5\ New Legal Services Block grant program.                                                                                                                                                     
\6\ Includes budget amendment of -$3,265,000 related to privatization of portions of the National Weather Service. Legislation will be proposed to offset this account from the Marine          
  Navigation Trust Fund.                                                                                                                                                                        
\7\ The 1996 request and recommendation include funding for Radio Free Asia and Broadcasting to Cuba. In 1995, these activities were funded separately.                                         
\8\ Funding of $1,500,000 was provided under Office of Justice Programs in fiscal year 1995.                                                                                                    
\9\ Assumes legislation to lower the subsidy for these accounts through new fees and increases in interest rates.                                                                               
\10\ The State Justice Institute is authorized to submit its budget directly to Congress. The President's request includes $7,000,000 for the Institute.                                        
\11\ The fiscal year 1995 budget authority amount reflects the unspread balance.