H. Rept. 105-838 - 105th Congress (1997-1998)

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House Report 105-838 - LEGISLATIVE REVIEW ACTIVITIES OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

[House Report 105-838]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]




                                                 Union Calendar No. 479
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
105th Congress                                                   Report
  2d Session            HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                105-838
_______________________________________________________________________


 
LEGISLATIVE REVIEW ACTIVITIES OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

                               __________

                       ONE HUNDRED FIFTH CONGRESS

                               __________

                                A REPORT

FILED PURSUANT TO SECTION 136 OF THE LEGISLATIVE REORGANIZATION ACT OF 
  1946 (2 U.S.C. 190d), AS AMENDED BY SECTION 118 OF THE LEGISLATIVE 
  REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1970 (PUBLIC LAW 91-510), AS AMENDED BY PUBLIC 
  LAW 92-136





 January 2, 1999--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                               --------

                    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE                    
69-006                     WASHINGTON : 1999





                  COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

                 BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York, Chairman

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania    LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana
JAMES A. LEACH, Iowa                 SAM GEJDENSON, Connecticut
HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois              TOM LANTOS, California
DOUG BEREUTER, Nebraska              HOWARD L. BERMAN, California
CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey     GARY L. ACKERMAN, New York
DAN BURTON, Indiana                  ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American 
ELTON GALLEGLY, California               Samoa
ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida         MATTHEW G. MARTINEZ, California
CASS BALLENGER, North Carolina       DONALD PAYNE, New Jersey
DANA ROHRABACHER, California         ROBERT E. ANDREWS, New Jersey
DONALD MANZULLO, Illinois            ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey
EDWARD R. ROYCE, California          SHERROD BROWN, Ohio
PETER T. KING, New York              CYNTHIA A. McKINNEY, Georgia
JAY KIM, California                  ALCEE L. HASTINGS, Florida
STEVE J. CHABOT, Ohio                PAT DANNER, Missouri
MARSHALL ``MARK'' SANFORD,           EARL F. HILLIARD, Alabama
  South Carolina                     BRAD SHERMAN, California
MATT SALMON, Arizona                 ROBERT WEXLER, Florida
AMO HOUGHTON, New York               STEVE ROTHMAN, New Jersey
TOM CAMPBELL, California             BOB CLEMENT, Tennessee*
JON FOX, Pennsylvania                BILL LUTHER, Minnesota*
JOHN McHUGH, New York                JIM DAVIS, Florida*
LINDSEY GRAHAM, South Carolina       LOIS CAPPS, California*
ROY BLUNT, Missouri
KEVIN BRADY, Texas*
RICHARD BURR, North Carolina*

                    Richard J. Garon, Chief of Staff
                Laura L. Rush, Professional Staff Member

----------
* These members did not sit for the entire 105th Congress.




                         LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

                              ----------                              

                          House of Representatives,
                      Committee on International Relations,
                                  Washington, DC., January 2, 1999.
Hon. Jeff Trandahl,
Clerk of the House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Trandahl: I enclose herewith a report for the 
105th Congress of the Legislative Review Activities of the 
Committee on International Relations in accordance with section 
136 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, as amended 
by section 118 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, 
as amended by Public Law 92-136.
    With best wishes,
            Sincerely,
                              Benjamin A. Gilman, Chairman.



                                FOREWORD

                                ------                                

                          House of Representatives,
                      Committee on International Relations,
                                   Washington, DC, January 2, 1999.
    Under rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives 
and section 136 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, 
the Committee on International Relations is authorized to 
exercise continuous surveillance of the execution by the 
executive branch of laws within the committee's jurisdiction. 
The review of ``oversight'' activities of the Committee on 
International Relations was augmented by the adoption of 
section 118 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 
(Public Law 91-150), as amended by Public Law 92-136. This 
provision requires standing committees of the House and the 
Senate after January 1, 1973, to make reports to their 
respective Houses on their activities in reviewing and studying 
the ``application, administration, and execution of those laws 
or parts of laws, the subject of which is within the 
jurisdiction of that committee.''
    House committees are required to file such reports ``not 
later than January 2 of each odd-numbered year.'' It is in 
fulfillment of the obligation of the Committee on International 
Relations to account to the House for its legislative review 
activities during the 105th Congress that this report has been 
prepared and submitted.
    The report was prepared by Laura L. Rush, Professional 
Staff Member.



                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Letter of Transmittal............................................   iii
Foreword.........................................................     v
  I. Introduction: Oversight in the foreign affairs field........     1
          A. Authorities for legislative review..................     1
          B. Recent oversight development in the Committee on 
              International Relations............................     3
          C. Oversight activities and criteria...................     5
          D. Oversight activities of the committee--105th 
              Congress...........................................     6
 II. General review activities of the committee..................    12
          A. Executive branch reports............................    12
          B. Reference documents:
              1. Legislation on Foreign Relations................    13
              2. Legislative Calendar............................    13
          C. Study missions and participation in international 
              conferences and events.............................    13
III. Summaries of legislative activities by full committee and 
     subcommittees...............................................    14
 IV. List of hearings and markups by full committee and
     subcommittees...............................................    23
          A. Full committee......................................    23
          B. Subcommittee on Africa..............................    29
          C. Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific................    31
          D. Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and 
              Trade..............................................    33
          E. Subcommittee on International Operations and Human 
              Rights.............................................    35
          F. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere..............    37
Appendixes:
  I. Hearings published by the Committee on International
       Relations during the 105th Congress.......................    39
 II. Witnesses before full committee and subcommittees during the
       105th Congress............................................    49
          A. Congressional--1997.................................    49
          B. Executive Branch--1997..............................    50
          C. Non-Governmental--1997..............................    56
          D. Foreign Dignitaries and U.S. Officials--1997........    70
          E. Congressional--1998.................................    71
          F. Executive Branch--1998..............................    72
          G. Non-Governmental--1998..............................    77
          H. Foreign Dignitaries and U.S. Officials--1998........    89
III. Committee Origins and History...............................    93
 IV. Meetings of the Committee on International Relations from
       64th Congress through 105th Congress......................    97
  V. Members of the subcommittees of the Committee on Inter-
       national Relations........................................   101
 VI. Chairmen of the House International Relations Committee.....   103
VII. Committee on International Relations legislative progress
       chart.....................................................   105



                                                 Union Calendar No. 479

105th Congress                                                   Report
  2d Session            HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                105-838

=======================================================================



                     LEGISLATIVE REVIEW ACTIVITIES

                                _______
                                

January 2, 1999.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______


 Mr. Gilman, from the Committee on International Relations, submitted 
                             the following

                              R E P O R T

        I. INTRODUCTION: OVERSIGHT IN THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS FIELD

                 A. Authorities for Legislative Review

    The responsibilities and potentialities of legislative 
review are reflected in the multiple authorities which are 
available to the Committee on International Relations. The most 
prominent is section 118 of the Legislative Reorganization Act 
of 1970 (Public Law 91-510):

 Legislative Review by Standing Committees of the Senate and House of 
                            Representatives

    (a) Scope of assistance.
    In order to assist the Congress in--
          (1) Its analysis, appraisal, and evaluation of the 
        application, administration, and execution of the laws 
        enacted by the Congress, and
          (2) Its formulation, consideration, and enactment of 
        such modifications of or changes in those laws, and of 
        such additional legislation, as may be necessary or 
        appropriate, each standing committee of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives shall review and study, on 
        a continuing basis, the application, administration, 
        and execution of those laws, or parts of laws, the 
        subject matter of which is within the jurisdiction of 
        that committee. Such committees may carry out the 
        required analysis, appraisals, and evaluation 
        themselves, or by contract, or may require a Government 
        agency to do so and furnish a report thereon to the 
        Congress. Such committees may rely on such techniques 
        as pilot testing, analysis of costs in comparison with 
        benefits, or provision for evaluation after a defined 
        period of time.1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\ Section 701 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control 
Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-344) amended the original mandate and 
authority of the 1970 act by adding the last two sentences regarding 
program review and evaluation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    A second type of authority fostering legislative review is 
the special oversight granted by the House Committee Reform 
Amendments of 1974 (H. Res. 988, approved Oct. 8, 1974). 
Special oversight, which is intended to enable committees to 
conduct comprehensive oversight of matters directly bearing 
upon their specified responsibilities even if those matters 
fall within the jurisdiction of other standing committees, 
permits an expansion of the legislative review jurisdiction of 
a committee. The Committee on International Relations currently 
has special oversight jurisdiction in four areas under clause 
3(d) of House Rule X.
          3. (d) The Committee on International Relations shall 
        have the function of reviewing and studying, on a 
        continuing basis, all laws, programs, and Government 
        activities dealing with or involving customs 
        administration, intelligence activities relating to 
        foreign policy, international financial and monetary 
        organizations, and international fishing agreements.
    Frequently reporting requirements in legislation obligate 
various agencies, directly or through the President, to submit 
reports of certain activities to the Committee on International 
Relations to the Speaker of the House, who then transmits them 
to the committee. The House Committee on International 
Relations is the recipient of one of the largest quantities of 
required reports from the executive branch.
    In addition to the authorities noted above, the 
congressional budget process provides the committee with 
another important tool for oversight. Pursuant to section 
301(c) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act of 1974, 
each standing committee of the House is required to submit to 
the Committee on the budget, no later than March 15 of each 
year, a report containing its views and estimates on the 
President's proposed budget for the coming fiscal year. This 
requirement affords the committee and its subcommittees the 
opportunity to review those items in the President's budget 
which fall under the committee's jurisdiction, and to establish 
possible guidelines for subsequent action on authorizing 
legislation.
    A final authority which can have an impressive oversight 
impact is implicit in the authorization process. Regular and 
frequent reauthorization of programs or agency operations by 
committees presents the opportunity to investigate 
administrative personnel hiring and promotion practices, agency 
organization, employee development and benefit programs, policy 
guidance, and administrative rules and regulations regarding 
the implementation and execution of policy, among other items. 
The authorization process also permits program evaluation, an 
important oversight technique.
    The legislative review activities of the Committee on 
International Relations are sanctioned by various and extensive 
authorities--the basic mandate of the 1970 Legislative 
Reorganization Act, the broadened jurisdiction and special 
oversight provided by the House Committee Reform Amendments of 
1974, statutory reporting requirements, and the authorization 
process.

 B. Oversight Developments in the Committee on International Relations

    During the 95th Congress, the committee received 
jurisdictional authority over export controls involving 
nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware, 
and international commodity agreements involving cooperation in 
the export of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware. This new 
jurisdictional authority was provided for by House Resolution 
5, which passed the House on January 4, 1977.
    In the 96th Congress, the committee's jurisdiction was not 
enlarged. However, the committee in its organization for the 
96th Congress reduced the number of subcommittees from nine to 
eight. Deleted was the Subcommittee on International 
Development whose jurisdiction included: (1) dealing with the 
Agency for International Development and other U.S. agencies' 
operations affecting development; (2) administration of foreign 
assistance; (3) oversight of multilateral assistance programs; 
(4) population and food programs; and (5) legislation and 
oversight with respect to thePeace Corps, which was subsumed by 
the full committee. The subcommittees for the 96th Congress, 
representing a mix of geographical and functional responsibilities, 
were as follows:
          Subcommittee on International Security and Scientific 
        Affairs;
          Subcommittee on International Operations;
          Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East;
          Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and 
        Trade;
          Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs;
          Subcommittee on Inter-American Affairs;
          Subcommittee on Africa; and
          Subcommittee on International Organizations.
    In the 97th Congress, the subcommittees remained the same 
with the exception of the Subcommittee on International 
Organizations, whose name was changed to the Subcommittee on 
Human Rights and International Organizations, in order to 
delineate clearly its jurisdiction over the subject of human 
rights.
    In the 98th Congress, the subcommittees remained the same, 
however, the name of the Subcommittee on Inter-American Affairs 
was changed to the Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs. 
In addition, a special task force was created under the aegis 
of the full committee, the Task Force on International 
Narcotics Control. The purpose of this task force was to 
provide oversight of narcotics-related developments and 
programs over which the committee has jurisdiction pursuant to 
rule X of the Rules of the House, which included the following:
    Narcotics control programs conducted by the Department of 
State; Narcotics-related projects carried out by the Agency for 
International Development (AID); Overseas activities of the 
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), the Department of Defense; and 
the U.S. Customs Service; Narcotics control programs carried 
out by international organizations; Intelligence issues related 
to narcotics trafficking and control; Prisoner exchange 
programs and their impact on U.S. narcotics control efforts; 
Narcotics interdiction programs and agreement; Narcotics-
related efforts by the U.S. Information Agency; and 
Relationship between international banking/financial 
transactions and narcotics trafficking.
    Because of the importance of narcotics control issues, the 
Task Force was reconstituted every six months through the 102nd 
Congress.
    Subcommittee structure remained the same for the 99th 
Congress; however, the name of the Subcommittee on 
International Security and Scientific Affairs was changed to 
the Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security and 
Science. This change was made to reflect the committee's and 
subcommittee's concern over the important issues of arms 
control. The jurisdiction of the subcommittee was redefined in 
the rules of the Committee on Foreign Affairs to read, ``To 
deal with * * * all aspects of arms control and disarmament 
with particular emphasis on the investigation and evaluation of 
arms control and disarmament proposals and concepts; * * *''.
    Under the Rules of the House, the Committee on 
International Relations has jurisdiction over issues involving 
international terrorism pursuant to rule X of the Rules of the 
House, paragraphs (I)(1), (I)(4-10), and (I)(12-16). For the 
99th Congress, two subcommittee jurisdictional changes were 
made to reflect the committee's concern with international 
terrorism. The Subcommittee on Arms Control, International 
Security and Science was given jurisdiction over ``* * * 
international terrorism with special focus on the U.S. 
Government's policies and programs for combating international 
terrorist movements and actions; * * *''. The Subcommittee on 
International Operations jurisdictional responsibility was 
redefined to include ``* * * international terrorism with 
special emphasis on policies and programs relating to the 
enhancement for embassy security and the protection of U.S. 
personnel and institutions abroad; * * *''.
    In addition, two subcommittees had language added to their 
respective definitions providing responsibility for oversight 
of international communication and information policy. Lastly, 
the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International 
Organizations was given the responsibility for international 
law.
    No changes were made in subcommittee structure or 
jurisdiction for the 100th, 101st, or 102nd Congresses.
    In the 103rd Congress, the Committee was required by the 
Rules of the Democratic Caucus to reduce the number of 
subcommittees from eight to six. However, due to concern about 
retaining a subcommittee with exclusive focus on Africa, the 
Committee received a waiver of Rule 35(B) of the Democratic 
Caucus and retained seven subcommittees. The Subcommittee on 
Arms Control, International Security, and Science, and the 
Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations 
were merged to create the Subcommittee on International 
Security, International Organizations, and Human Rights. The 
jurisdiction of that subcommittee was essentially a merger of 
the jurisdictions of the two subcommittees. However, specific 
reference to ``* * * law enforcement issues to include 
terrorism and narcotics control programs and activities * * *'' 
was added to the jurisdiction of the subcommittee, thereby 
consolidating all jurisdiction over narcotics and terrorism in 
one subcommittee. The Committee also added specific reference 
to environmental issues to the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee 
on International Economic Policy and Trade and changed the name 
of the subcommittee to the Subcommittee on Economic Policy, 
Trade, and Environment to reflect that addition. In addition, 
jurisdiction over the operating expenses of the Agency for 
International Development and the Arms Control and Disarmament 
Agency was added to the Subcommittee on International 
Operations. Finally, the Committee made minor conforming 
changes to the names of two of its regional subcommittees.
    In the 104th Congress, pursuant to H. Res. 6, passed 
January 4, 1995, the name of the Committee was changed from 
``Foreign Affairs'' to ``International Relations''. In 
addition, the number of subcommittees was decreased from seven 
to five. The Subcommittee on International Security, 
International Organizations, and Human Rights, and the 
Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East were dissolved. The 
Europe and Middle East Subcommittee jurisdiction was reabsorbed 
by the full Committee. The Subcommittee on Economic Policy, 
Trade, and Environment dropped ``environment'' from its title, 
returning its name to the ``Subcommittee on International 
Economic Policy and Trade.'' The Subcommittee on International 
Security, International Organizations, and Human Rights and the 
Subcommittee on International Operations were combined, with a 
name change to ``Subcommittee on International Operations and 
Human Rights''.
    No changes were made in subcommittee structure or 
jurisdiction for the 105th Congress.

                  C. Oversight Activities and Criteria

    The oversight activities of the Committee on International 
Relations include a variety of instruments and mechanisms--full 
committee and subcommittee hearings, members' and staff study 
missions abroad, special Congressional Research Service 
studies, and General Accounting Office assistance and reports 
in the field of international relations.
    Committee and subcommittee hearings may be conducted for 
numerous purposes and may simultaneously serve more than one 
function, i.e., oversight, legislation, or public education. 
Thus, oversight may exist even when the hearing is not 
explicitly intended for that purpose. The criteria for 
determining whether a hearing performs the oversight function 
were identified by the House SelectCommittee on Committees in 
1973 and are as follows: 2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\ U.S. Congress, House. Select Committee on Committees. Committee 
Reform Amendments of 1974. Report, 93rd Congress, 2d session, March 21, 
1974 (H. Rept. No. 93-916, Part II).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (1) To review and control unacceptable forms of 
bureaucratic behavior;
    (2) To ensure that bureaucracy implements the policy 
objectives of the Congress;
    (3) To analyze national and international problems 
requiring Federal action; and
    (4) To determine the effectiveness of legislative programs 
and policies.
    These same purposes help to define other committee activity 
which relates to its legislative review function. It should be 
noted that not all such activity can be included in this 
report. Oversight may occur informally, not only through the 
formal processes and mechanisms noted above. Informal 
discussions between committee members and executive branch 
officials may constitute oversight in certain instances as may 
staff examination of agency activity and behavior and staff 
consultation with agency personnel apart from the normal 
hearing process.
    In summary, the legislative review activities of the House 
Committee on International Relations for the 104th Congress 
rely on extensive authorities embodied in the Legislative 
Reorganization Act of 1970 and reinforced through the 
authorization process, subsequent legislation, and reporting 
requirements.

 D. Oversight Activities of the Committee on International Relations--
                             105th Congress

    The following section is set out in compliance with Clause 
(1)(d)(3) of Rule X.
    Almost all of the Committee's day-to-day activities, 
including hearings and informal meetings, involve oversight of 
the Administration or afford the Committee the opportunity to 
learn of the impact of the Administration's foreign policy on 
foreign nations.
    The Committee's Oversight Plan is set out below in full. 
Although the Committee did not accomplish each and every 
planned oversight item, most of them were accomplished to some 
degree, some with hearings, others by way of staff work.

(Adopted by the Committee, February 11, 1997).

          Committee on International Relations Oversight Plan

    Rule X, clause 2(d) of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires that each standing Committee adopt an 
oversight plan for the two-year period of the Congress and to 
submit the plan to the Committees on Government Reform and 
Oversight and House Oversight not later than February 15 of the 
first session of the Congress. Rule XI, clause 1(d) requires 
that the Committee report, at the end of each Congress, on the 
recommendations made with respect to its oversight plan and any 
recommendations made or actions taken thereon. This is the 
oversight plan of the Committee on International Relations for 
the 105th Congress.

I. General

    A. Meetings with foreign political leaders. The Committee's 
ongoing program of informal and formal meetings with foreign 
political leaders gives it the opportunity to explore the 
effectiveness of United States foreign policy.
    B. Meetings with Administration officials. The Committee's 
informal meetings with Administration officials allow Members 
and staff to explore the effectiveness of the Administration's 
implementation of foreign policy.
    C. Review of matters relating to the possible influence on 
American foreign or economic policy arising out of donations 
apparently originating from foreign sources; review of 
security, confidentiality, and conflict-of-interest procedures 
and related matters.

II. International Security/UN/Peacekeeping/General

    A. Review of Chemical Weapons Convention & implementing 
legislation.
    B. Oversight of arms transfer procedures and legislation, 
including implementation of H.R. 3121. Review of specific major 
proposed arms sales, such as F-16 sales to Indonesia or Saudi 
Arabia.
    C. Peacekeeping oversight including command and control 
issues; special attention to the status of the international 
peacekeeping effort in Haiti, and to the U.S. military 
involvement in Bosnia.
    D. ``Rogue Regimes''--Review of the problems of security 
threats from so-called ``rogue regimes'' that have or could 
gain the power to create or use weapons of mass destruction.
    E. Nunn-Lugar program--Review implementation of program 
aimed at dismantlement and destruction of nuclear, chemical, 
and biological weapons in the Former Soviet Union.
    F. Review of START I implementation, START II ratification, 
and the prospects for START III.
    G. Review of Demarcation and Multilateralization Agreements 
to Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
    H. Review of Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty and 
possible revisions thereof.
    I. Review of Nonproliferation Sanctions Regimes.
    J. Other nonproliferation and disarmament topics:
          1. Effectiveness of International Atomic Energy 
        Agency.
          2. Status of Fissile Material Production Ban.
          3. Review effectiveness of existing and proposed 
        nuclear weapon free zones in Latin America, the South 
        Pacific, Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia.
          4. Status of land mine ban negotiations.
          5. Compliance with arms control agreements.
          6. The disposition and elimination of excess weapons-
        grade plutonium stores worldwide.
    K. Security Assistance--Review effectiveness and 
implementation of security assistance programs including 
foreign military financing, economic support fund, 
international military education and training, and non-
proliferation and disarmament fund and other ``spigots''.
    L. UN Reform/Arrearages.
    M. International crime issues.
          1. Russian organized crime, and the international 
        response to it, as well as its impact on American and 
        other investments in Russia and elsewhere.
    N. Oversight of agency implementation of the Government 
Performance and Results Act (``GPRA'').
    O. Narcotics oversight.
          1. The emerging heroin crisis and the 
        Administration's plans for dealing with it.
          2. Source nations strategy, with special attention to 
        Colombia and Peru.
          3. Eradication efforts and their effectiveness; 
        alternative development.
          4. The ``certification process'' in the light of the 
        Colombian experience.
          5. Plans for riverine interdiction program.
    P. Terrorism/espionage oversight.
          1. The AMIA (Buenos Aries Jewish Community building) 
        bombing and the emerging threat of Islamic-
        fundamentalist based terrorism in Latin America.
          2. Effectiveness of the US technological response to 
        terrorism.
          3. Overseas Visa lookout system in the light of the 
        new provisions of law relative to the exclusion of 
        aliens on membership in foreign terrorist 
        organizations.
          4. Security of US government facilities abroad, 
        especially in the Former Soviet Union.
    Q. Multilateral Export Controls: post-COCOM (Coordinating 
Committee on Multilateral Export Controls).

III. State Department and related agencies operations

    A. Oversight/Legislation on personnel & contractor 
misconduct and on the Foreign Service (update Foreign Service 
Act) (possibly as part of an item under (1)).
    B. Management of the foreign affairs agency workforce; 
assignment process; utilization of the civil service; size of 
the senior foreign service and senior executive service.
    C. Review of Administration's planning for constrained 
budgets.
    D. Legislation regularizing consultative mechanisms between 
the Administration and Congress.
    E. Problems in the administration of foreign affairs.
    F. Review of smaller international organizations to which 
the U.S. belongs.
    G. Review of duplication, lack of coordination in exchange/
visitor programs.
    H. Review of foreign affairs inspectors general.
    I. Review of the implementation of the ICASS (International 
Cooperative Administrative Support Services) system.
    J. Overseas property management.
    K. Implementation and development of staffing models.
    L. American Institute in Taiwan (general oversight).
    M. International Commissions.

IV. Foreign Assistance Oversight

    A. Review cost, management, donor coordination and impact 
of U.S. foreign assistance programs. Special emphasis will be 
given to major aid programs in:
          1. Eastern Europe,
          2. The Newly Independent States of the former Soviet 
        Union,
          3. Drug-producing countries,
          4. Haiti, and
          5. Africa.
    B. Review size, purpose and effectiveness of FY98 and FY99 
International Affairs Function 150 budgets. Special emphasis 
will be given to expected Administration initiatives, such as:
          1. Increased aid to the NIS,
          2. Increases in the Economic Support Fund program, 
        and
          3. UN reform and arrears payments.
    C. Conduct special review of programs with noted problems 
focusing on activities highlighted in AID Inspector General and 
GAO reports. Special emphasis will be given to AID--
          1. Missions and Operations,
          2. Credit Programs,
          3. AID's New Management System,
          4. Strategic Objectives,
          5. Enterprise Fund Management, and
          6. The ``R4'' (``Review of Resources, Requirements, 
        and Results'') process.
    D. Special attention will be given to the effectiveness of 
programs that have consumed large amounts of Congressional 
attention in recent years, including:
          1. Voluntary Family Planning, and
          2. Child Survival

V. Europe

    A. Periodic reviews of the region with the Assistant 
Secretary of State for European Affairs, subject to his or her 
availability.
    B. Review of US Policy towards Russia and other States of 
the Former Soviet Union.
    C. Oversight of SEED Act assistance programs.
    D. Enterprise Funds in Eastern Europe and the NIS.
    E. Developments in the Baltic Region (to assess U.S. 
interests and events in the Baltic states and the surrounding 
region.)
    F. Developments in Serbia & Montenegro and in the Former 
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (at least one hearing will 
likely be in order to assess developments in those countries 
that could have important effects on the entire Balkans 
region).
    G. New Independent States:
          1. Oversight of FREEDOM Support Act assistance 
        program, Nunn-Lugar Assistance program, and other 
        programs of assistance by agencies such as USIA and DOE 
        in the New Independent States.
          2. US-Russian Relations.
          3. Russian Relations with China.
          4. Developments in the Western Newly Independent 
        States of the former Soviet Union--Ukraine, Belarus and 
        Moldova.
          5. Developments in Central Asia.
          6. Developments in Armenia.
          7. Developments in Russia.
    H. Review of NATO Enlargement process and related 
legislation, as well as other NATO-related issues, including 
internal restructuring of the Alliance.
    I. US-E.U. relations (political, security, trade and 
financial issues; European monetary union, and the process of 
European integration).
    J. Review of Bosnia.
    K. Review of Cyprus.
    L. Review of Northern Ireland.

VI. Middle East

    A. Periodic reviews of the region with the Assistant 
Secretary of State for European Affairs, subject to his or her 
availability.
    B. Review of U.S. policy toward Iraq.
    C. Review of U.S. policy toward Iran.
    D. Review of Turkey's role in the Middle East.
    E. Review of Middle East Peace Process & Aid to the 
Palestinians.
    F. Review of Gulf Policy [Saudi Arabia and Gulf Cooperation 
Council states].
    G. Review of Iranian foreign policy designs in the Middle 
East.
    H. Impact of fundamentalism in the Middle East and its 
impact on U.S. interests.
    I. Review of U.S. policy towards North Africa, with special 
attention to Libya.
    J. Review of U.S. assistance to Egypt.
    K. Review of U.S. economic interests, and economic 
development in the Middle East and North Africa.

VII. Asia

    A. U.S.-China Economic and Political Relations; options for 
U.S. policy toward China.
    B. Overview of US interests in East Asia.
    C. Overview of South Asia.
    D. AID activities in Asia.
    E. N. Korean Political Instability, KEDO, Foreign Aid to N. 
Korea; North-South dialogue; trading with N. Korea.
    F. Hong Kong as it reverts to PRC Control.
    G. U.S.-Vietnam Relations--POW-MIA issues, MFN Status, 
Consulate in Ho Chi Minh City; US business developments, etc.
    H. US-Burma Relations.
    I. US-Indonesia Relations; Potential Instability in 
Indonesia.
    J. Agricultural exports to Asia.
    K. Three Gorges Dam Project.
    L. Democratization in South Asia.
    M. Military-to-military relations in Asia (the U.S. relies 
on a network of relationships to maintain its forward presence 
in Asia; this is supplemented by training and education).
    N. U.S. democracy promotion activities in Asia.
    O. Religion in South and Southeast.
    P. Economic and demographic change in the PRC.
    Q. American Energy Development Business potential in Asia.
    R. Free trade in Asia: implementing the APEC vision.
    S. The Great Power Game in Asia: China, Japan, Russia, and 
the U.S.
    T. US Relations with ASEAN.
    U. Taiwan's relations with the PRC.
    V. The situation in Cambodia.
    W. US-Philippine relations.
    X. Regional Cooperation in Southeast Asia.
    Y. Sex Trade and Child Abuse in Asia.
    Z. Resource sharing issues between India, Bangladesh, and 
Nepal.
    AA. Review of the CINCPAC, East-West Center, Asia-Pacific 
Center, and Joint Task Force Full Accounting.
    AB. Chinese nonproliferation practices.
    AC. The Chinese People's Liberation Army: Its goals, 
influence, and commercial ties.
    AD. Taiwan's effort to be admitted to the United Nations.
    AE. The Civil War in Afghanistan.
    AF. US Interests in the Central Asian republics.

VIII. Western Hemisphere

    A. In General--Importance of political stability and 
economic growth to U.S. Interests, democracy (including 
corruption, appropriate role of the military, etc.), Summit of 
the Americas follow-up, and efforts to control drugs and 
immigration.
    B. Trade--Evaluation of NAFTA, free trade in the Americas, 
Chile accession, importance of MERCOSUR and subregional 
agreements, Caribbean Basin enhancement.
    C. Central America--Consolidating democratic gains.
    D. Security--Advanced arms sales to Latin America, 
hemispheric security and confidence-building measures, 
cooperation against illegal drugs, guerrillas and 
``narcoterrorism'', and future U.S. presence in Panama.
    E. South America--Mercosur, Argentina (intellectual 
property rights and terrorist bombings), Chile (NAFTA 
accession), Peru-Ecuador border dispute.
    F. Cuba--Implementation of Libertad Act, multilateral 
efforts, human rights and internal dissident movements, Cuba 
Broadcasting.
    G. Mexico--Drug cooperation and corruption, NAFTA 
Implementation, economy, political reforms, elections, and 
Mexico's efforts to control illegal immigration.
    H. Haiti--Strengthening/professionalizing democratic 
institutions (incl. police), human rights and extrajudicial 
killings, and jump-starting sustainable investment/jobs.
    I. Other--Caribbean (drug cooperation, economic stability, 
& CBI enhancement), Canadian unity, role of the OAS, and Inter-
American Development Bank.

IX. Africa

    A. Review of Africa Human Rights policy.
    B. Review of Democratization in Africa.
    C. Review of US Trade and Investment in Africa.
    D. Review of U.S. policy toward countries of special 
interest: Nigeria, South Africa, Algeria, Zaire, and Sudan.
    E. Slavery in Africa.
    F. Organized crime in Africa.
    G. U.S. support for a proposed Africa peacekeeping force.
    H. US efforts to end the Angolan civil war.
    I. US public broadcasting to Africa.
    J. Review of the African Development Bank.
    K. Review of peacekeeping in the Western Sahara.
    L. Review of the Rwanda/Burundi crisis.

X. Human Rights

    A. Review of human rights country reports.
    B. Torture Victims Relief issues.
    C. Child Labor.

XI. Economic Policy and the Environment

    A. Enterprise Funds.
    B. Overview of global trade situation.
    C. Trade distorting actions by foreign governments 
(bribery, economic espionage, manipulation of customs rules, 
import licensing, skewing health and safety standards,etc.); 
Mutual Recognition Agreements (``MRAs'').
    D. OPIC/TDA Oversight.
    E. EAA Oversight; encryption issues.
    F. Implementation of Iraq, Iran and other sanctions regimes 
by State and Treasury.
    G. Global Environmental Trends: International Instability 
and National Security.
    H. The U.S. government position on Global Warming.
    I. How environmental cooperation can enhance bilateral 
relations and U.S. interests abroad.

             II. GENERAL REVIEW ACTIVITIES OF THE COMMITTEE

                      A. Executive Branch Reports

    Reporting requirements in legislation and the reports 
submitted in response to them constitute one of the oldest 
information systems used by Congress. On every subject with 
which Congress deals, required reports offer a way to oversee 
and review the implementation of legislation by the executive 
branch.
    In the foreign policy field, it is particularly important 
to ensure that reporting requirements and the resultant reports 
submitted by the executive branch are an efficient mechanism 
for supplying Congress with information. Information on 
domestic problems is often easier to obtain from sources 
outside the executive branch than information on problems from 
abroad. Moreover, the executive branch has sometimes attempted 
to shield its activities in the foreign policy field from 
public view and treat it as its exclusive domain. The lack of 
information on foreign policy problems and executive branch 
activities has been one of the major reasons it has been more 
difficult for Congress to play its legitimate role in the 
making of foreign policy, although the Constitution expressly 
shares such powers between Congress and the President.
    For the Committee on International Relations, the 
improvement of the system of required reports offers more than 
tidier housekeeping. It offers another step toward a better 
supply of information that Congress needs to make foreign 
policy decisions. Through the careful placing of reporting 
requirements in legislation, the patient monitoring of the 
reports submitted by the executive branch in response to the 
requirements and utilization of the data supplied in them, 
Congress can improve its capacity for an effective foreign 
policy role.

                         B. Reference Documents

    Periodically the Committee on International Relations 
compiles, prints, and distributes official documents which are 
useful to the membership in exercising the oversight function 
as well as other responsibilities. The following is a listing 
of those compilations for the 105th Congress:
    1. Legislation on Foreign Relations.--This 5 volume set was 
prepared under the direction of the staff of the House 
Committee on International Relations and the Senate Committee 
on Foreign Relations with the assistance of the Foreign Affairs 
and National Defense Division of the Congressional Research 
Service of the Library of Congress. This collection of laws and 
related materials contains texts referred by the Committee on 
International Relations, and the Foreign Relations Committee, 
amended to date, and annotated to show pertinent history or 
cross references. The collection of over 7,600 pages includes 
all laws concerning foreign relations, codified and in force, 
treaties in force, as well as executive agreements and orders, 
State Department regulations and State Department delegations 
of authorities as of December 31, 1997.
    2. Legislative Calendar.--This compendium of committee 
legislative information is published annually. Each volume 
includes a current listing and status of all committee 
legislation; committee publications and reports; executive 
communications and messages from the President referred to the 
committee; House floor amendments in committee legislation; and 
a legislative progress chart.

 C. Study Missions and Participation in International Conferences and 
                                 Events

    The committee has kept itself informed of the latest 
developments in foreign affairs. The usual frequent conferences 
with high government officials, both civil and military, have 
been augmented by special study missions to various parts of 
the world to obtain firsthand knowledge of the problems of 
foreign countries and the administration of U.S. programs and 
operations falling within the purview of the committee. 
Committee members have also been designated to serve as 
official delegates to a number of international conferences and 
events. The following is a list of interparliamentary exchanges 
that Members of the Committee on International Relations 
participated in during the 105th Congress.
    May 16-18, 1997, U.S.-Mexico Interparliamentary Meetings in 
Santa Fe, New Mexico.
    June 8-11, 1997, North Atlantic Assembly Meetings in 
Washington, D.C. and Colorado Springs, Colorado.
    June 11, 1997, U.S.-Korea Interparliamentary Exchange, 
Washington, D.C.
    September 21-22, 1997, U.S.-European Parliament 
Interparliamentary Meetings, Washington, D.C.
    October 8-17, 1997, North Atlantic Assembly Meetings, 
Bucharest and Lisbon.
    January 29-February 6, 1998, North Atlantic Assembly 
Meetings, Norfolk, Washington, D.C., and New York.
    May 6, 1998, U.S.-Ireland Interparliamentary Meetings, 
Washington, D.C.
    May 14-18, 1998, U.S.-Canada Interparliamentary Meetings, 
Nantucket, Massachusetts.
    June 19-21, 1998, U.S.-Mexico Interparliamentary Meetings, 
Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico.
    June 22-26, 1998, North Atlantic Assembly Meetings, New 
York, San Francisco, Santa Monica, Seattle, and Washington, 
D.C.
    June 25-28, 1998, U.S.-European Parliament 
Interparliamentary Meetings, Houston, Texas.
    September 11-15, 1998, U.S.-Canada Interparliamentary 
Meetings, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.

       III. SUMMARIES OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIVITIES BY FULL COMMITTEE

                   Legislation Signed Into Public Law

Assisted Suicide Funding Restriction Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-12)

    H.R. 1003 clarifies Federal law with respect to restricting 
the use of Federal funds in support of assisted suicide.
    Signed by the President April 30, 1997.

Extend Certain Privileges to the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices 
        (P.L. 105-22)

    S. 342 extends certain privileges, exemptions, and 
immunities to Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices.
    Signed by the President June 27, 1997.

Extension of Au Pair Program (P.L. 105-48)

    S. 1211 extends the au pair program through fiscal year 
1999.
    Signed by the President October 1, 1997.

Asian Elephant Conservation Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-96)

    H.R. 1787 assists in the conservation of Asian elephants by 
supporting the providing financial resources for the 
conservation programs of nations within the range of Asian 
elephants and projects of persons with demonstrated expertise 
in the conservation of Asian elephants.
    Signed by the President November 19, 1997.

Holocaust Victims Redress Act (P.L. 105-158)

    S. 1564 provides redress for inadequate restitution of 
assets seized by the U.S. Government during World War II which 
belonged to victims of the Holocaust.
    Signed by the President February 13, 1998.

Clint and Fabens Independent School Districts (P.L. 105-169)

    H.R. 1116 provides for the conveyance of the reversionary 
interest of the U.S. in certain lands to the Clint Independent 
School District and the Fabens Independent School District.
    Signed by the President April 24, 1998.

50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Modern State of Israel (P.L. 
        105-175)

    H.J. Res. 102 recognizes the 50th anniversary of the modern 
state of Israel, and reaffirms the bonds of friendship and 
cooperation between the U.S. and Israel.
    Signed by the President May 11, 1998.

Tropical Forest Conservation Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-214)

    H.R. 2870 amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to 
facilitate protection of tropical forests through debt 
reduction with developing countries with tropical forests.
    Signed by the President July 29, 1998.

Freedom From Religious Persecution Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-292)

    H.R. 2431 establishes an Office of Religious Persecution 
Monitoring to provide for the imposition of sanctions against 
countries engaged in a pattern of religious persecution.
    Signed by the President October 27, 1998.

Northern Ireland Cultural and Training Program (P.L. 105-319)

    H.R. 4293 establishes a cultural and training program for 
disadvantaged individuals from Northern Ireland and the 
Republic of Ireland.
    Signed by the President October 30, 1998.

Torture Victims Relief Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-320)

    H.R. 4309 provides a comprehensive program of support for 
victims of torture.
    Signed by the President October 30, 1998.

Rewards for Individuals Sought for Violations of International 
        Humanitarian Law (P.L. 105-323)

    H.R. 4660 amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act 
of 1956 to provide rewards for information leading to the 
arrest or conviction of any individual for the commission of an 
act, or conspiracy to act, of international terrorism, 
narcotics related offenses, or for serious violations of 
international humanitarian law relating to the Former 
Yugoslavia.
    Signed by the President October 30, 1998.

The Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-338)

    H.R. 4655 establishes a program to support a transition to 
democracy in Iraq.
    Signed by the President October 31, 1998.

U.S.I.A. Television Program ``Window on America'' (P.L. 105-373)

    H.R. 4083 makes available to the Ukrainian Museum and 
Archives the U.S.I.A. television program ``Window on America''.
    Signed by the President on November 12, 1998.

Annual Report Concerning Diplomatic Immunity (P.L. 105-375)

    S. 759 amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 to require the Secretary of State to submit an annual 
report to Congress concerning diplomatic immunity.
    Signed by the President November 12, 1998.

Department of State Special Agents Retirement Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-
        382)

    H.R. 633 amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to provide 
that the annuities of certain special agents and security 
personnel of the State Department be computed in the same way 
as applies generally with respect to Federal law enforcement 
officers.
    Signed by the President November 13, 1998.

Africa Seeds of Hope Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-385)

    H.R. 4283 supports sustainable and broad-based agricultural 
and rural development in sub-Saharan Africa.
    Signed by the President November 13, 1998.

              Legislation passed by both Senate and House

State Department Authorization Act (H.R. 1757)

    This bill, which passed both the House and Senate, was 
vetoed by the President. It contained provisions to consolidate 
international affairs agencies, and to authorize appropriations 
for the Department of State and related agencies for fiscal 
years 1998 and 1999.
    Vetoed by the President October 21, 1998.

Iran Missile Proliferation Sanctions Act (H.R. 2709)

    This legislation imposed certain sanctions on foreign 
persons who transfer items contributing to Iran's efforts to 
acquire, develop, or produce ballistic missiles.
    Vetoed by the President June 23, 1998.

50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (H. Con. 
        Res. 185)

    This resolution expresses the sense of the Congress on the 
occasion of the 50th anniversary of the signing of the 
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and recommitting the U.S. 
to the principles expressed in the Universal Declaration.

International Cooperation in Recovering Abducted Children (H. Con. Res. 
        224)

    This resolution urges international cooperation in 
recovering children abducted in the U.S. and taken to other 
countries.

Extradition of Joanne Chesimard from Cuba (H. Con. Res. 254)

    This resolution calls on the Government of Cuba to 
extradite to the U.S. convicted felon Joanne Chesimard and all 
other individuals who have fled the U.S. to avoid prosecution 
or confinement for criminal offenses and who are currently 
living freely in Cuba.

New Tribes Mission Hostage Crisis (H. Con. Res. 277)

    This resolution concerns the New Tribes Mission hostage 
crisis in Colombia.

Disapproving Certification for Mexico (H. J. Res. 58)

    This resolution disapproves the certification of the 
President under section 490(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 regarding foreign assistance for Mexico during fiscal year 
1997.

Commending Secretary of State Warren Christopher (S. Con. Res. 4)

    This resolution commends and thanks Warren Christopher for 
his exemplary service as Secretary of State.

Little League Baseball (S. Con. Res. 37)

    This resolution expresses the sense of the Congress that 
Little League Baseball Incorporated was established to support 
and develop Little League baseball worldwide and that its 
international character and activities should be recognized.

Culpability of Slobodan Milosevic for War Crimes (S. Con. Res. 105/H. 
        Con. Res. 304)

    This resolution expresses the sense of the Congress 
regarding the culpability of Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes, 
crimes against humanity, and genocide in the former Yugoslavia.

                   Legislation that passed the House

    Family Planning Facilitation and Abortion Funding 
Restriction-- H.R. 581 passed the House by a vote of 231-194 on 
February 13, 1997.
    Hong Kong Reversion Act--H.R. 750 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules, by a vote of 416-1, on March 11, 1997.
    Free the Clergy Act--H.R. 967 passed the House by a vote of 
366-54 on November 6, 1997.
    Microcredit for Self-Reliance Act of 1997--H.R. 1129 passed 
the House under suspension of the rules, by a vote of 393-21, 
on November 9, 1997.
    African Growth and Opportunity Act--H.R. 1432 passed the 
House by a vote of 233-186 on March 11, 1998.
    European Security Act of 1997--H.R. 1758 passed the House 
by voice vote, amended, on June 11, 1997, and was incorporated 
into H.R. 1757.
    Transfer of Naval Vessels to Certain Foreign Countries--
H.R. 2035 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by a 
vote of 426-1, on July 15, 1997.
    Laogai Slave Labor Products Act of 1997--H.R. 2195 passed 
the House by a vote of 419-2-1 on November 5, 1997.
    Radio Free Asia Act of 1997--H.R. 2232 passed the House by 
a vote of 401-21 on November 9, 1997.
    Political Freedom in China Act of 1997--H.R. 2358 passed 
the House, amended, by a vote of 416-5 on November 5, 1997.
    U.S.-Taiwan Anti-Ballistic Missile Defense Cooperation 
Act--H.R. 2386 passed the House, amended, by a vote of 301-116 
on November 6, 1997.
    Commercial Activities of the People's Liberation Army of 
China--H.R. 2647 passed the House by a vote of 408-10 on 
November 7, 1997.
    Iran Missile Protection Act of 1997--H.R. 2786 passed the 
House, under suspension of the rules, amended, by voice vote, 
on March 30, 1998.
    Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1998--H.R. 
3743 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, amended, 
by a vote of 405-13, on August 3, 1998.
    Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act--H.R. 4300 passed 
the House, amended, by a vote of 384-39, on September 16, 1998.
    International Child Labor Relief Act of 1998--H.R. 4506 
passed the House, under suspension of the rules, amended, by 
voice vote, on October 8, 1998.
    Dante B. Fascell North-South Center--H.R. 4757 passed the 
House by voice vote on October 12, 1998.
    Executive Branch Travel Reports--H.R. 4805 passed the 
House, under suspension of the rules, by voice vote, on October 
13, 1998.
    Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant in Iran--H.R. 4851 passed the 
House by voice vote on October 20, 1998.
    Honoring Ambassador Pamela C. Harriman--H. Res. 49 passed 
the House by voice vote on February 13, 1997.
    Treaty of Mutual Cooperation Between the U.S. and Japan--H. 
Res. 68 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by a 
vote of 403-16, on March 11, 1997.
    Promotion of Peace in Zaire--H. Res. 115 passed the House, 
by voice vote, amended, on April 17, 1997.
    Terrorist Grenade Attack in Cambodia--H. Res. 121 passed 
the House, under suspension of the rules, by voice vote, on May 
21, 1997.
    Congratulating the People of India and Pakistan--H. Res. 
157 passed the House by voice vote on July 31, 1997.
    Urging Peace in Congo--H. Res. 175 passed the House, under 
suspension of the rules, by voice vote on July 28, 1997.
    Urging the Executive Branch to Take Action Regarding the 
Acquisition by Iran of C-802 Cruise Missiles--H. Res. 188 
passed the House by a vote of 414-8 on November 6, 1997.
    Regarding the Interference of the European Commission in 
the Merger of the Boeing Company and McDonnell Douglas--H. Res. 
191 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by a vote 
of 416-2, on July 22, 1997.
    Concerning the Crisis in Cambodia--H. Res. 195 passed the 
House, under suspension of the rules, by voice vote, on July 
28, 1997.
    Recognizing the Contributions Made by Austrian-Americans--
H. Res. 217 passed the House by voice vote on September 24, 
1997.
    Expressing Condolences on the Tragic Death of Princess 
Diana--H. Res. 219 passed the House by voice vote on September 
4, 1997.
    Expressing Condolences on the Death of Mother Teresa--H. 
Res. 227 passed the House by voice vote on September 11, 1997.
    Support of Democracy and Religious Freedom in Vietnam--H. 
Res. 231 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, 
amended, by voice vote, on November 13, 1997.
    Self Determination for the People of Western Sahara--H. 
Res. 245 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by 
voice vote, amended, on November 9, 1997.
    Condemning Angola's Military Intervention into Congo--H. 
Res. 273 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by 
voice vote, amended, on November 13, 1997.
    Congratulating ASEAN on its 30th Anniversary--H. Res. 282 
passed the House under suspension of the rules, by voice vote, 
on November 13, 1997.
    Regarding the Destruction of Iraq's Capability to Produce 
Weapons of Mass Destruction--H. Res. 322 passed the House by 
voice vote, amended, on November 13, 1997.
    Congratulating Sri Lanka on its 50th Anniversary of 
Independence--H. Res. 350 passed the House, under suspension of 
the rules, by voice vote, on April 28, 1998.
    Calling for Free and Impartial Elections in Cambodia--H. 
Res. 361 passed the House under suspension of the rules, by a 
vote of 393-1, amended, on March 17, 1998.
    Commending the Visit of His Holiness Pope John Paul II to 
Cuba--H. Res. 362 passed the House, under suspension of the 
rules, by voice vote, amended, on September 15, 1998.
    Urging the Introduction and Passage of a Resolution on the 
Human Rights Situation in the People's Republic of China at the 
54th Session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights--
H. Res. 364 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by 
a vote of 397-0, on March 17, 1998.
    Commending Democracy in Botswana--H. Res. 373 passed the 
House, under suspension of the rules, by voice vote, on March 
17, 1998.
    Regarding the Ongoing Violence in Algeria--H. Res. 374 
passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by voice vote, 
on April 28, 1998.
    Regarding the Sense of the Congress that the President 
Should Renegotiate the Extradition Treaty with Mexico--H. Res. 
381 passed the House under suspension of the rules, by voice 
vote, on September 15, 1998.
    Relating to the Importance of Japanese-American Relations 
and the Urgent Need for Japan to More Effectively Address its 
Economic and Financial Problems and Open its Markets by 
Eliminating Informal Barriers to Trade and Investment--H. Res. 
392 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by a vote 
of 391-2, amended, on July 20, 1998.
    Urging the President to Provide Blackhawk Helicopters to 
Colombia--H. Res. 398 passed the House, under suspension of the 
rules, by voice vote, amended, on March 30, 1998.
    Commemorating 100 years of Relations Between the U.S. and 
the Philippines--H. Res. 404 passed the House, under suspension 
of the rules, by voice vote, on June 9, 1998.
    Promote Independent Radio Broadcasting in Africa--H. Res. 
415 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by voice 
vote, on September 14, 1998.
    Deploring the Tragic Murder of Guatemalan Bishop Juan Jose 
Gerardi--H. Res. 421 passed the House, under suspension of the 
rules, by voice vote, on September 9, 1998.
    Commemorating 50 years of Relations Between the U.S. and 
the Republic of Korea--H. Res. 459 passed the House, under 
suspension of the rules, by a vote of 400-0, amended, on 
September 9, 1998.
    Regarding Assistance to Mexico to Combat Wildfires--H. Res. 
469 passed the House, under suspension of the rules, by voice 
vote, amended, on August 3, 1998.
    Regarding the Importance of Diplomatic Relations with the 
Pacific Island Nations--H. Res. 505 passed the House, under 
suspension of the rules, by a vote of 414-1, on September 23, 
1998.
    Calling for Free and Transparent Elections in Gabon--H. 
Res. 518 passed the House under suspension of the rules, by 
voice vote, amended, on October 13, 1998.
    Regarding the Terrorist Bombings of U.S. Embassies in East 
Africa--H. Res. 523 passed the House under suspension of the 
rules by voice vote on October 10, 1998.
    Regarding the Culpability of Hun Sen for War Crimes in 
Cambodia--H. Res. 533 passed House under suspension of the 
rules by voice vote, amended, on October 10, 1998.
    Expressing Support for the U.S. Government Efforts to 
Identify Holocaust-Era Assets--H. Res. 557 passed the House 
under suspension of the rules by a vote of 427-0 on October 9, 
1998.
    Condemning Violence in Sierra Leone--H. Res. 559 passed the 
House under suspension of the rules by voice vote on October 
10, 1998.
    Return of Wrongfully Confiscated Properties in Formerly 
Totalitarian Countries--H. Res. 562 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules by voice vote on October 13, 1998.
    Regarding the Sale or Diversion of Great Lakes Water--H. 
Res. 566 passed the House by voice vote on October 20, 1998.
    Commending the People of Mozambique for Their Commitment to 
Rebuilding Their Nation--H. Res. 610 passed the House by voice 
vote on October 20, 1998.
    Concerning the Urgent Need to Improve the Living Standards 
of South Asians--H. Con. Res. 16 passed the House by a vote of 
415-1 on March 11, 1997.
    Congratulating the People of Guatemala on the Success of 
Recent Elections--H. Con. Res. 17 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules by a vote of 416-0-2 on March 5, 1997.
    Congratulating the People of Nicaragua on the Success of 
Their Democratic Elections--H. Con. Res. 18 passed the House 
under suspension of the rules by a vote of 417-0-3 on March 5, 
1997.
    Recognizing the 30th Anniversary of the City of Jerusalem--
H. Con. Res. 60 passed the House under suspension of the rules 
by a vote of 406-17-1 on June 10, 1997.
    Regarding the 50th Anniversary of the Marshall Plan--H. 
Con. Res. 63 passed the House under suspension of the rules by 
voice vote on May 21, 1997.
    Concerning the Death of Chaim Herzog--H. Con. Res. 73 
passed the House under suspension of the rules by voice vote on 
May 13, 1997.
    Concerning the Situation Between the Democratic People's 
Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea--H. Con. Res. 74 
passed the House under suspension of the rules by voice vote on 
July 28, 1997.
    Calling for a Peaceful Resolution to the Situation in 
Cyprus--H. Con. Res. 81 passed the House under suspension of 
the rules by a vote of 417-4 on July 22, 1997.
    Congratulating El Salvador on Elections--H. Con. Res. 88 
passed the House under suspension of the rules by a vote of 
419-3 on July 22, 1997.
    Condemning the Coup in Sierra Leone--H. Con. Res. 99 passed 
the House under suspension by a vote of 418-1-1 on July 22, 
1997.
    Relating to the Elections in Albania Scheduled for June, 
1997--H. Con. Res. 105 passed the House by voice vote on June 
26, 1997.
    Regarding Acts of Illegal Aggression by Canadian Fishermen 
with Respect to the Pacific Salmon Fishery--H. Con. Res. 124 
passed House under suspension of the rules by voice vote on 
July 28, 1997.
    Concerning the Situation in Kenya--H. Con. Res. 130 passed 
the House under suspension of the rules by voice vote on 
November 13, 1997.
    Regarding the Terrorist Bombing in Jerusalem--H. Con. Res. 
133 passed the House by a vote of 427-1 on July 30, 1997.
    Concerning the Urgent Need for an International Criminal 
Tribunal to Try Members of the Iraqi Regime for Crimes Against 
Humanity--H. Con. Res. 137 passed the House under suspension of 
the rules by a vote of 396-2 on November 13, 1997.
    Regarding the Participation of the U.S. in the EXPO 2000 in 
Hannover, Germany--H. Con. Res. 139 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules by a vote of 415-2 on November 9, 1998.
    Regarding the Terrorist Bombing in Jerusalem on September 
4, 1997--H. Con. Res. 146 passed the House by voice vote on 
September 5, 1997.
    Calling on All Parties in the Northern Ireland Peace Talks 
to Condemn Violence--H. Con. Res. 152 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules by a vote of 407-2-1, amended, on March 
18, 1998.
    Regarding the Continued Deterioration of Human Rights in 
Afghanistan--H. Con. Res. 156 passed the House under suspension 
of the rules by voice vote on November 9, 1997.
    Supporting Efforts to Foster Friendship and Cooperation 
Between the U.S. and Mongolia--H. Con. Res. 172 passed the 
House under suspension of the rules by voice vote, amended, on 
November 13, 1998.
    Congratulating the People of Guyana for Multiparty 
Elections--H. Con. Res. 215 passed the House under suspension 
of the rules by voice vote, amended, on April 28, 1998.
    Concerning the Urgent Need for a Cease-Fire in 
Afghanistan--H. Con. Res. 218 passed the House under suspension 
of the rules by a vote of 391-1, amended, on April 28, 1998.
    Regarding American Victims of Terrorism--H. Con. Res. 220 
passed the House under suspension of the rules by a vote of 
406-0, amended, on May 5, 1998.
    Congratulating the OAS/CIAV for Successfully Aiding in the 
Transition of Nicaragua from a War-Ridden State into a Newly-
Formed Democracy--H. Con. Res. 222 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules by voice vote on April 28, 1998.
    Honoring the Berlin Airlift--H. Con. Res. 230 passed the 
House by voice vote on June 25, 1998.
    Calling for an End to the Violent Repression of the People 
of Kosovo--H. Con. Res. 235 passed the House under suspension 
by a vote of 406-1-1, amended, on March 18, 1998.
    Acknowledging the Positive Role of Taiwan in the Current 
Asian Financial Crisis--H. Con. Res. 270 passed the House under 
suspension by a vote of 411-0 on June 9, 1998.
    Expressing the Sense of the Congress that the President 
Should Reconsider his Decision to be Formally Received in 
Tiananmen Square--H. Con. Res. 285 passed the House by a vote 
of 305-116 on June 4, 1998.
    Calling for an End to the Conflict Between Eritrea and 
Ethiopia--H. Con. Res. 292 passed the House under suspension of 
the rules by voice vote on September 9, 1998.
    Recognizing the 65th Anniversary of the Ukrainian Famine--
H. Con. Res. 295 passed the House under suspension of the rules 
by voice vote on October 10, 1998.
    Affirming the U.S. Commitment to Taiwan--H. Con. Res. 301 
passed the House under suspension of the rules by a vote of 
390-1 on July 20, 1998.
    Regarding the Culpability of Slobodan Milosevic for War 
Crimes--H. Con. Res. 304 passed the House under suspension of 
the rules by a vote of 369-1-1 on September 14, 1998. (See S. 
Con. Res. 105 for further action.)
    Condemning the Forced Abduction of Ugandan Children and 
Their Use as Soldiers--H. Con. Res. 309 passed House under 
suspension of the rules by voice vote, amended, on October 8, 
1998.
    Condemning the Atrocities by Serbian Police Against 
Albanians in Kosova--H. Con. Res. 315 passed the House under 
suspension by a vote of 410-0-1 on September 23, 1998.
    Supporting the Baltic People of Estonia, Latvia, and 
Lithuania--H. Con. Res. 320 passed the House by a vote of 417-0 
on October 10, 1998.
    Relating to Taiwan's Participation in the World Health 
Organization--H. Con. Res. 334 passed the House under 
suspension of the rules by a vote of 418-0.

                 Considered but not passed by the House

    Discrimination by the German Government Against Members of 
Minority Religious Groups--H. Con. Res. 22 was marked up by the 
Committee and brought up in the House under Suspension of the 
Rules; however, it did not receive 2/3 of the vote necessary to 
suspend the rules and pass (vote 101-318-4).
    Directing the President to Remove U.S. Armed Forces from 
Bosnia--H. Con. Res. 227 failed to pass the House by a vote of 
193-225.
    Concerning the Inadequacy of Sewage Structures in Tijuana, 
Mexico--H. Con. Res. 331 was marked up by the Committee and 
brought up in the House under Suspension of the Rules; however, 
it did not receive 2/3 of the vote necessary to suspend the 
rules and pass (vote 250-174).

                          Committee Statistics

    During the 105th Congress, the Full Committee held 90 
hearings and markups, and the subcommittees met 126 times, for 
a total of 216 gatherings. Staff held 187 briefings. A total of 
17 bills have been signed into law, 40 bills and joint 
resolutions referred to the Committee passed the House, and 80 
concurrent and simple resolutions referred to the Committee 
passed the House. Seventeen reports were filed; the Committee 
has published 201 hearings and markups, and 11 Committee 
prints.
    Another important function of the Committee is to meet with 
Heads of State, Administration officials, and foreign 
dignitaries from around the world. The Committee held 204 
informal meetings, and received 17 delegations.
    During the 105th Congress, 465 bills and resolutions were 
referred to the Committee; the Full Committee held markups on 
96 pieces of legislation. 949 Executive Communications, 122 
House Documents, and 113 Presidential Messages were referred to 
the Committee in 1997-1998.

    IV. LIST OF MEETINGS OF THE FULL COMMITTEE AND ITS SUBCOMMITTEES

                           A. Full Committee

January 31, 1997.--HEARING: COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS 
        PRACTICES FOR 1996, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. John 
        Shattuck, Ms. Nina Shea, Ms. Elisa Massimino, Ms. Holly 
        Burkhalter, and Mr. Stephen Rickard
February 5, 1997.--ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
February 11, 1997.--HEARING: THE ADMINISTRATION'S INTERNATIONAL 
        AFFAIRS BUDGET REQUEST FOR FY98, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Madeleine Albright
February 25, 1997.--HEARING: THE ADMINISTRATION'S INTERNATIONAL 
        AFFAIRS BUDGET REQUEST FOR FY98, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. J. Brian Atwood
February 26, 1997.--HEARING: NEW THINKING ON FOREIGN 
        ASSISTANCE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Mickey 
        Edwards, Mr. David Gordon, Ms. Julia Taft, and Ms. 
        Carol Lancaster
March 4, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 17; AND H. CON. RES. 18, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
March 6, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 16; H. RES. 68; H.R. 750; 
        H. J. RES. 58, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
March 11, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. ASSISTANCE TO THE NEWLY 
        INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Richard Morningstar, and Hon. 
        Thomas Dine
March 12, 1997.--HEARING: U.S.-RUSSIAN RELATIONS, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. James Collins
March 13, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN ASSISTANCE AND U.S. FOREIGN 
        POLICY, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Howard Kohr, Mr. 
        Andrew Manatos, Father Sean McManus, Mr. C. Payne 
        Lucas, Mr. Sy Taubenblatt, Mr. Andrew Natsios, Ms. Anna 
        Stout, Bishop John Ricard, and Mr. Ted Carpenter
March 20, 1997.--HEARING: THE ADMINISTRATION'S SECURITY 
        ASSISTANCE REQUEST FOR FY98 AND CONSIDERATION OF THE 
        COMMITTEE'S VIEWS AND ESTIMATES FOR THE FY98 BUDGET 
        RESOLUTION, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. William Cohen
April 9, 1997.--HEARING: DOES U.N. PEACEKEEPING SERVE U.S. 
        INTERESTS?, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Harold 
        Johnson, Mr. John Hillen, and Mr. John Bolton
April 10, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD EGYPT, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Robert Satloff, Mr. Abraham 
        Foxman, Mr. Joseph Stork, and Dr. Mamoun Fandy
April 16, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 115, H-139, the Capitol, 
        witnesses: none
April 17, 1997.--HEARING: DOES U.N. PEACEKEEPING SERVE U.S. 
        INTERESTS? PART II--ADMINISTRATION WITNESSES , 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Princeton Lyman, and Hon. 
        Edward Warner
April 30 and May 1, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. --------, FOREIGN 
        POLICY REFORM ACT, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
May 6, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 73; AND H. RES. 103, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
May 7, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 121; H. CON. RES. 50; AND H. CON. 
        RES. 63, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
June 10, 1997.--HEARING: TRADE PRIORITIES OF THE CLINTON 
        ADMINISTRATION, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Charlene 
        Barshefsky
June 25, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD LEBANON, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. David Welch, Mr. Kenneth 
        McKune, Mr. Daniel Pipes, Mr. Terry Anderson, Mr. Peter 
        Tanous, Mr. David Nassif, and Mr. Amine Gemayel
June 25, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 88; H. CON. RES. 81; H.R. 
        2035; H. CON. RES. 99; H. RES. 175; H.R. 1432; AND H. 
        CON. RES.105, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
June 26, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. ENTERPRISE FUNDS IN EASTERN 
        EUROPE AND THE STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Richard Morningstar, Hon. 
        James Holmes, and Hon. Thomas Dine
July 16, 1997.--HEARING: THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: 
        PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Thomas Pickering, Hon. J. Brian Atwood, Mr. James 
        Woods, Dr. Jennifer Leaning, and Dr. Marina Ottaway
July 17, 1997.--HEARING: INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OVERSIGHT OF THE 
        DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
        DEVELOPMENT, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Jacquelyn 
        Williams-Bridgers, Hon. Jeffrey Rush, and Mr. Tex 
        Harris
July 22, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 695, 2172 Rayburn, witness: none
July 23, 1997.--HEARING: IRAN LIBYA SANCTIONS ACT--ONE YEAR 
        LATER, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Alan Larsen, Mr. 
        David Welch, Mr. Patrick Clawson, Ayatollah Dr. Mehdi 
        Haeri Khorshidi, Ms. Sarah Miller, and Mr. Jeffrey 
        Schott
July 24, 1997.--HEARING: GLOBAL CLIMATE NEGOTIATIONS: 
        OBLIGATIONS OF DEVELOPED & DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Tim Wirth, Mr. David Hales, 
        Mr. Dean Kleckner, Mr. Jerry Jasinowski, Mr. David 
        Smith, Mr. Dan Becker, and Mr. Harvey Ruvin
July 30, 1997.--HEARING: THE THREAT TO THE U.S. FROM EMERGING 
        INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Sally Shelton, and Mr. David Heymann
September 9, 1997.--HEARING: FREEDOM FROM RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION 
        ACT OF 1997, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Frank Wolf, 
        Hon. Ted Strickland, Senator Arlen Specter, and Hon. 
        John Shattuck
September 10, 1997.--HEARING: FREEDOM FROM RELIGIOUS 
        PERSECUTION ACT OF 1997, 2172 Rayburn, Atilio Okot 
        John, Tsultrim Dolma, Dr. Richard Land, Rev. Richard 
        John Neuhaus, Dr. Donald Argue, Rev. Drew Christianson, 
        William Bennett, Donald Hodel, Lodi Gyari, Jerry 
        Goodman, Stephen Rickard, and Lauren Homer
September 11, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 217; H. CON. RES. 139; AND 
        H. CON. RES. 137, H-139, the Capitol, witnesses: none
September 26, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 188, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
September 29, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 967; H.R. 2232; AND H.R. 
        2358, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
September 30, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2386, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
October 1, 1997.--HEARING: THE THREAT FROM INTERNATIONAL 
        ORGANIZED CRIME AND GLOBAL TERRORISM, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Louis Freeh, Dr. Giovanni De Gennaro, 
        Mr. Arnaud de Borchgrave, Dr. Louise Shelley, and Mr. 
        Jack Blum, Esq.
October 7, 1997.--HEARING: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE U.S.-CHINA 
        NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT: WHOSE INTERESTS ARE 
        SERVED?, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Paul Leventhal, 
        Ms. Jennifer Weeks, Mr. Marvin Fertel, Amb. Robert 
        Gallucci, and Mr. Ken Adelman
October 9, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 1129; H. RES. 245; H. CON. RES. 
        130; AND H. CON. RES. 121, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
October 24, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2709, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
October 29, 1997.--HEARING: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EUROPE, 2172 
        Rayburn, witness: Amb. Marc Grossman
October 31, 1997.--MARKUP: WALTER CAPPS RESOLUTION; H. CON. 
        RES. 22; H. CON. RES. 152; H. RES. 273; H. RES. 282; H. 
        CON. RES. 172; H. RES. 231; AND H. CON. RES. 156, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
November 5, 1997.--HEARING: SOLDIERS WITHOUT BORDERS: CRISIS IN 
        CENTRAL AFRICA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Bill 
        Richardson, Hon. Howard Wolpe, His Excellency Pascal 
        Lissouba, Mr. Marcel Van Soest, Mr. Scott Campbell, and 
        Mr. Salih Booker
November 6, 1997.--HEARING: CURRENT STATUS OF NEGOTIATIONS 
        BETWEEN THE TIBETAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE AND THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Mr. Greg Craig, Mr. Lodi Gyari, Mr. Edward Luttwack, 
        Dr. Elliot Sperling
November 7, 1997.--HEARING: BOSNIA: THE U.S. ROLE, 2172 
        Rayburn, Amb. Robert Gelbard
November 13, 1997.--HEARING AND MARKUP: BONN TO KYOTO: THE 
        ADMINISTRATION'S POSITION ON THE CLIMATE CHANGE TREATY 
        AND H. RES. ------, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Timothy Wirth
December 9, 1997.--HEARING: POLICY TOWARDS HAITI FOLLOWING THE 
        WITHDRAWAL OF UN FORCES, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. 
        David Greenlee, and Mr. James Milford
February 4, 1998.--HEARING: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE U.S.-CHINA 
        NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT AND A CONSIDERATION OF A 
        MOTION TO GO INTO EXECUTIVE SESSION, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Robert Einhorn, and Mr. John Lauder
February 12, 1998.--HEARING: THE PRESIDENT'S FY99 INTERNATIONAL 
        AFFAIRS BUDGET REQUEST, 2172 Rayburn, witness: Hon. 
        Madeleine K. Albright
February 25, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. OPTIONS IN CONFRONTING IRAQ, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Paul Wolfowitz, Dr. 
        Richard Haas, Dr. Eliot Cohen, and Mr. David Kaye
February 26, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. NARCOTICS POLICY TOWARD 
        COLOMBIA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Henry Hinton, 
        Col. Leonardo Gallego, and Lt. Fernando Lopez
March 4, 1998.--HEARING: THE TROPICAL FOREST PROTECTION ACT, 
        H.R. 2870, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Rob Portman, 
        Mr. Thomas Fox, Ms. Mary Chavez, Ms. Tia Nelson, Mr. 
        Ian Bowles, and Mr. James Resor
March 5, 1998.--HEARING: THE PRESIDENT'S FOREIGN ASSISTANCE 
        BUDGET REQUEST FOR FY99, 2172 Rayburn, witness: Hon. J. 
        Brian Atwood
March 10, 1998.--HEARING: DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, 2172 
        Rayburn, witness: Hon. Martin Indyk
March 11, 1998.-- MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 227; H.R. 2870; H. RES. 
        364; H. RES. 361; AND VIEWS AND ESTIMATES ON THE 
        PRESIDENT'S FY 1999 150 BUDGET REQUEST, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
March 12, 1998.--HEARING AND MARKUP: PROSPECTS FOR 
        IMPLEMENTATION OF DAYTON AGREEMENTS AND THE NEW NATO 
        MISSION IN BOSNIA AND H. CON. RES. 235; AND H. RES. 
        373, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Robert Gelbard, and 
        Hon. Walter Slocombe
March 18, 1998.--HEARING: THE PEACE CORPS: 10,000 VOLUNTEERS BY 
        THE YEAR 2000, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Paul 
        Coverdell, Hon. Christopher Dodd, Hon. Sam Farr, Hon. 
        Tony Hall, Hon. Thomas Petri, Hon. Chris Shays, Hon. 
        James Walsh, Hon. Donna Shalala, Hon. Mark Gearan, and 
        Mr. James Carden
March 25, 1998.--MARKUP: H.R. 2431; 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
March 26, 1998.--HEARING: REVIEW OF U.S. ASSISTANCE TO RUSSIA, 
        THE UKRAINE AND THE NEW INDEPENDENT STATES, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Richard Morningstar, and Hon. 
        Don Pressley
March 26, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 398, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
March 31, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. NARCOTICS POLICY TOWARD 
        COLOMBIA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Randy Beers, 
        Gen. Charles Wilhelm, Gen. Jose Serrano, Mr. Thomas 
        Hargrove, Mr. Dan Germann, and Ms. Tania Rich
April 1, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 350; H. CON. RES. 218; H. RES. 
        374; H. CON. RES. 222; H. CON. RES. 215; S. CON. RES. 
        37; AND H.J. RES. 102, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
April 23, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 220, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
April 29, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. ANNUAL DRUG CERTIFICATION 
        PROCESS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Jeane 
        Kirkpatrick, Gen. Brent Scowcroft, Mr. Gary Bauer, Hon. 
        Bernard Aronson, and Mr. John Walters
April 30, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. ROLE IN THE CAUCASUS AND CENTRAL 
        ASIA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Frederico Pena, 
        Amb. Steve Sestanovich, Amb. Richard Morningstar, and 
        Hon. Don Pressley
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: ISSUES IN U.S.-EUROPEAN UNION TRADE: 
        EUROPEAN PRIVACY LEGISLATION AND BIOTECHNOLOGY/FOOD 
        SAFETY POLICY, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Franklin 
        Vargo, Mr. Robert Litan, Mr. Robert Vastine, Mr. Mark 
        Rotenberg, Mr. Michael Dykes, Mr. Raymond Calamaro, 
        Esq., Mr Mark Berg, and Dr. James Chambers
May 13, 1998.--HEARING: THE KYOTO PROTOCOL: PROBLEMS WITH U.S. 
        SOVEREIGNTY AND THE LACK OF DEVELOPING COUNTRY 
        PARTICIPATION, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Joseph 
        Knollenberg, Hon. Stuart Eizenstadt, Dr. Janet Yellen, 
        Mr. Robert Burt, Mr. William O'Keefe, Mr. Kevin Fay, 
        and Mr. Frank Gaffney
May 20, 1998.--HEARING: ERADICATION AND ELIMINATION OF SIX 
        INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Ben 
        Nelson, Dr. Claire Bloom, Dr. David Heymann, Dr. Nils 
        Daulaire, Ms. Jan Leschly, and Mr. Herbert Pigman
June 3, 1998.--HEARING: HOW SANCTIONS CAN AFFECT U.S. POLICY 
        INTERESTS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Stuart 
        Eizenstadt, Dr. Jan Paul Acton, Dr. Patrick Clawson, 
        Mr. Daniel Fisk, Esq., Ms. Thea Lee, and Mr. Jeffrey 
        Schott
June 4, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT 
        REFORM AND OVERSIGHT: THE SALE OF BODY PARTS BY THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. Linda Smith, Dr. Tsuyoshi Awaya, Dr. Phaibul 
        Jitpraphai, Somporn Lorgeranon, Mr. Wei Jingsheng, and 
        Mr. Harry Wu
June 5, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 270; H. RES. 392; AND H. 
        RES. 404, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
June 16, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT 
        REFORM AND OVERSIGHT: THE SALE OF BODY PARTS BY THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, PART II, 2154 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. John Shattuck, Mr. Howard Lange, 
        Witness ``X'', and Mr. Harry Wu
June 17, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL 
        SECURITY: U.S. POLICY REGARDING THE EXPORT OF 
        SATELLITES TO CHINA--PRIVATE WITNESSES, 2118 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Dr. Henry Sokolski, Dr. Gary MilHollin, Ms. 
        Shirley Kan, and Dr. Joan Johnson-Freese
June 17, 1998.--A WORLDWIDE REVIEW OF THE CLINTON 
        ADMINISTRATION'S POW/MIA POLICIES AND PROGRAMS, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Charles Kartman, Hon. 
        Frederick Smith, Amb. Malcolm Toon, Ms. Ann Mills 
        Griffiths, Mr. John Sommer, Pat Dunton, and Mr. Bruce 
        Harder
June 18, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL 
        SECURITY: U.S. POLICY REGARDING THE EXPORT OF 
        SATELLITES TO CHINA--ADMINISTRATION WITNESSES, 2118 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. John Holum, Mr. John Barker, 
        Hon. William Reinsch, Mr. Roger Majak, Jan Lodal, and 
        Mr. David Tarbell
June 24, 1998.--HEARING: COLOMBIAN HEROIN CRISIS, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Tom Kneir, Mr. Donnie Marshall, and Mrs. 
        Bonni Tischler
June 25, 1998.--HEARING: PROSPECTS FOR DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Susan Rice, Hon. Walter 
        Carrington, Hon. David Miller, and Ms. Pauline Baker
July 16, 1998.--HEARING: THE U.S. AND RUSSIA: ASSESSING THE 
        RELATIONSHIP, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Steve 
        Sestanovich, Lt. Gen. William Odom, Mr. Peter Rodman, 
        Dr. Leon Aron, Mr. Paul Goble, and Dr. Clifford Gaddy
July 21, 1998.--MARKUP: H. J. RES. 125; H.R. 4095; H. RES. 459; 
        H. CON. RES. 277; H. RES. 469; H. RES. 421; H. CON. 
        RES. 224; AND H. CON. RES. 254, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
July 22, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 292; H.R. 4283; H. RES. 
        415; H.R. 3743; H. RES. 362; AND H. RES. 475, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
July 23, 1998.--HEARING: KOSOVO--CURRENT SITUATION AND FUTURE 
        OPTIONS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Robert Gelbard, 
        and Hon. Walter Slocombe
July 29, 1998.--HEARING: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE 
        EAST, 2172 Rayburn, witness: Hon. Martin Indyk
August 6, 1998.--HEARING: HEIRLESS PROPERTY ISSUES OF THE 
        HOLOCAUST, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Stuart 
        Eizenstadt, Hon. Avraham, Hirschon, Dr. Israel Singer, 
        and Mr. Benjamin Meed
August 6, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 185; H.R. 4083; H.R. 633; 
        AND H.R. 4309, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
September 10, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 304; H. CON. RES. 
        315; H. RES. 381; AND H. RES. 505, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
September 15, 1998.--HEARING: DISARMING IRAQ: THE STATUS OF 
        WEAPONS INSPECTIONS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. 
        Martin Indyk, and Mr. Scott Ritter
September 16, 1998.--HEARING: THE SPREAD OF AIDS IN THE 
        DEVELOPING WORLD, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Dr. Anthony 
        Fauci, Col. Deborah Birx, Dr. Paul De Lay, Dr. Peter 
        Piot, Dr. Nils Daulaire, Mr. Peter Young, and Dr. 
        Michael Merson
September 17, 1998.--HEARING: THE U.S. AND RUSSIA, PART II: 
        RUSSIA IN CRISIS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Lawrence Summers, Hon. Strobe Talbott, Hon. George 
        Shultz, Dr. Dimitri Simes, Dr. Ariel Cohen, and Prof. 
        Janine Wedel
September 24, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD NORTH KOREA, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Charles Kartman, Dr. Kurt 
        Campbell, Amb. James Lilley, Dr. Fred Ikle, and Dr. 
        Nicholas Eberstadt
October 2, 1998.--MARKUP: H.R. 4660; H.R. 4655; H.R. 4506; H. 
        RES. 523; H. CON. RES. 295; H. CON. RES. 309; H. CON. 
        RES. 320; H. CON. RES. 331; H. RES. 518; H. RES. 533; 
        H. RES. 562; AND H. RES. 557, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
October 8, 1998.--HEARING: ASSESSING THE ADMINISTRATION'S 
        FOREIGN POLICY: THE RECORD AFTER SIX YEARS, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Peter Rodman, Mr. John Bolton, 
        Dr. Kim Holmes, and Amb. Paul Bremer III

                       B. Subcommittee on Africa

March 13, 1997.--HEARING: IMPACT OF U.S. DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA, 
        2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. George Moose, Hon. Carol 
        Peasley, Hon. Edward DeJarnette, Dr. Nicholas 
        Eberstadt, Mr. William Ford, Mr. Michael Maron, and Ms. 
        Carol Lancaster
March 19, 1997.--HEARING: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF AFRICA'S 
        NATURAL RESOURCES, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Clay 
        Shaw, Mr. Michael Fay, Mr. Thomas Fox, Ms. Liz Rihoy, 
        and Mr. David Mengebier
April 8, 1997.--HEARING: ZAIRE: COLLAPSE OF AN AFRICAN GIANT?, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. George Moose, Mr. Vincent 
        Kern III, Mr. Atafuele Kalala, Mr. Gerald Martone, 
        Prof. William Zartman, and Mr. Salih Booker
April 24, 1997.--HEARING: ANGOLA'S GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL 
        UNITY, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. George Moose, and 
        Hon. Paul Hare
May 21, 1997.--HEARING: OBSTACLES TO U.S.-AFRICAN TRADE AND 
        INVESTMENT, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Jeffrey Lang, 
        Mr. Roger Jantio, Mr. David Gordon, and Mr. Anthony 
        Carroll
May 22, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 1432, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: none
June 18, 1997.--HEARING: AFRICA'S EMERGING CAPITAL MARKETS, 
        2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Ms. Judith Aidoo, Mr. Andrew 
        Owiny, and Mr. Frank Savage
June 24, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. CON. RES. 99; H. RES. 
        175 AND THE LIBERIAN ELECTION: A NEW HOPE?, 2200 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Howard Jeter, Mr. Kevin 
        George, and Mr. Mohamedu Jones
July 15, 1997.--HEARING: THE IMPACT OF RADIO ON AFRICAN 
        DEMOCRACY, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Kevin Klose, 
        Ms. Evelyn Lieberman, Kekuna Kerina, Mr. John Marks, 
        and Mr. Kenneth Best
July 30, 1997.--HEARING: KENYA'S ELECTION CRISIS, 2200 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Donald Payne, Hon. William Twaddell, 
        Hon. Carol Peasley, H.E. Benjamin Edgar Kipkorir, and 
        Mr. James Silk
September 18, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD NIGERIA, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. William Jefferson, Hon. 
        Johnnie Carson, Prof. Jean Herskovits, Chief Ralph 
        Obioha, and Dr. Abema Busia
October 1, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 130, 2255 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
October 8, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. RES. 245 AND THE 
        AFRICA CRISIS RESPONSE INITIATIVE, 2255 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Marshall McCallie, Mr. Vincent Kern II, Dr. 
        Steven Metz, and Dr. David Davis
October 23, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 273, 2200 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
October 30, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 260, 2255 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
February 5, 1998.--HEARING: ALGERIA'S TURMOIL, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Ronald Neumann, H.E. Ramtane Lamamra, 
        Ms. Mary Jane Deeb, and Mr. Eric Goldstein
March 4, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 373; AND H. CON. RES. 374, 2255 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
March 5, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: THE ONGOING 
        CRISIS IN THE GREAT LAKES, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. Howard Wolpe, Mr. Salih Booker, Dr. Allison Des 
        Forges, Mr. Roger Winter, and Mr. Adotei Akwei
March 17, 1998.--HEARING: PREVIEW OF PRESIDENT CLINTON'S 
        HISTORIC VISIT TO AFRICA, 2200 Rayburn, witness: Hon. 
        Susan Rice
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: AFRICA IN THE WORLD ECONOMY, 2255 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Ms. Rosa Whitaker, Amb. Michael 
        Samuals, and Amb. David Miller
May 20, 1998.--HEARING: ANTI-CORRUPTION EFFORTS IN AFRICA, 2200 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Carol Peasley, Amb. Ahmedou 
        Ould-Abdallah, and Ms. Nancy Zucker Boswell
June 11, 1998.--HEARING: RECONSTRUCTING SIERRA LEONE, 2255 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Johnnie Carson, H.E. John 
        Ernest Leigh, Mr. Edward Turay, and Mr. Bernie McCabe
June 24, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 415; AND H. CON. RES. 292, 2200 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
July 15, 1998.--HEARING: COMBATING INTERNATIONAL CRIME IN 
        AFRICA, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Tom Kneir, Mr. 
        Michael Horn, Mr. Jack Blum, and Mr. Phil Williams
July 29, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: CRISIS IN 
        SUDAN AND NORTHERN UGANDA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. Susan Rice, Ms. Carol Bellamy, Ms. Catherine 
        Bertini, Ms. Jemera Rone, Mr. Daniel Eiffe, and Sister 
        Mary Rose Atuu
September 15, 1998.--HEARING: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO IN 
        CRISIS, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Susan Rice, H.E. 
        Faida Mitifu, H.E. Theogene Rudasingwa, and Dr. Peter 
        Rosenblum
September 24, 1998.--HEARING: THE FUTURE OF THE WESTERN SAHARA 
        REFERENDUM, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Ronald 
        Neumann, Dr. John Damis, Mr. Moulud Said, and Bg. Gen. 
        Al Zapanta (USAR)

                C. Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific

February 13, 1997.--HEARING: HONG KONG'S REVERSION TO THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Mr. Jeffrey Bader, Hon. Dick Thornburgh, and Dr. Michel 
        Oksenberg
February 26, 1997.--HEARING: ENGAGING THE HERMIT KINGDOM: U.S. 
        POLICY TOWARD NORTH KOREA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. 
        Charles Kartman, Dr. Kurt Campbell, Hon. James Lilley, 
        Dr. Roy Richard Grinker, and Dr. Robert Manning
March 5, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. CON. RES. 16; H. RES. 
        68; AND H.R. 750 AND USAID ACTIVITIES IN ASIA AND THE 
        CENTRAL ASIAN REPUBLICS, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Thomas Dine, Mr. Charles Weden, Ms. Nancy Lubin, and A. 
        Rani Parker
March 12, 1997.--HEARING: DEMOCRATIC CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN 
        SOUTH ASIA, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Robin Raphel, 
        and Mr. Eric Bjornland
April 23, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 121, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
May 7, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD INDONESIA, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Aurelia Brazeal, Dr. Paul 
        Wolfowitz, Mr. Michael Gadbaw, and Ms. Sidney Jones
June 18, 1997.--HEARING: U.S.-VIETNAM RELATIONS, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Jeffrey Bader, Ms. Susan Esserman, Ms. 
        Ann Mills Griffiths, Mr. Adam Schwarz, Hon. Michael 
        Samuels, and Hon. David Lambertson
July 16, 1997.--HEARING: FAMILIAR GROUND: THE BREAKDOWN OF 
        DEMOCRACY IN CAMBODIA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S. FOREIGN 
        POLICY, 2200 Rayburn, Hon. Aurelia Brazeal, Mr. Ronald 
        Abney, Dr. Marvin Ott, and Mr. Sichan Siv
July 24, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 195; H. CON. RES. 74; H. RES. 
        157, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: none
September 17, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. DEMOCRACY PROMOTION PROGRAMS 
        IN ASIA, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. John Shattuck, 
        Dr. Richard Richter, Mr. William Fuller, Ms. Louisa 
        Coan, and Ms. Sidney Jones
September 30, 1997.--HEARING: THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S 
        POLICY TOWARD ASIA, 2172 Rayburn, witness: Hon. Stanley 
        Roth
October 22, 1997.--HEARING: THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S POLICY 
        TOWARD SOUTH ASIA, 2200 Rayburn, witness: Hon. Karl 
        Inderfurth
October 29, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 282; H. CON. RES. 172; H. 
        RES. 231; H. CON. RES. 162; and H. CON. RES. 156, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
November 6, 1997--HEARING: THE FIFTH SUMMIT OF THE ASIA PACIFIC 
        ECONOMIC COOPERATION FORUM, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. John Wolf, Mr. Robert Denham, Hon. Bennett 
        Johnston, and Dr. Fred Bergsten
February 4, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE: FINANCIAL 
        CRISIS IN ASIA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Lawrence 
        Summers, Hon. Stuart Eizenstat, Prof. Stephan Haggard, 
        Mr. David L. Sokol, and Mr. Marcus Noland
February 12, 1998.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. RES. 350, AND U.S. 
        INTERESTS IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN REPUBLICS, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Robert Gee, Prof. Frederick Starr, and 
        Mr. John Maresca
February 26, 1998.--HEARING: SHATTERED DREAM: THE UNCERTAIN 
        STATE OF DEMOCRACY IN CAMBODIA, 2200 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Stanley Roth, Prof. Fred Brown, Dr. 
        Catharine Dalpino, and Mr. Eric Bjornlund
March 5, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 364; H. RES. 361; AND H. CON. 
        RES. 218, 2255 Rayburn, witnesses: none
April 23, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE: JAPAN'S ROLE 
        IN THE ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS, 2172 Rayburn, Mr. James 
        Glassman, Mr. Robert Grondine, Mr. Peter Walters, and 
        Mr. Richard Katz
April 30, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY OPTIONS TOWARD CHINA: 
        RULE OF LAW AND DEMOCRATIC PROGRAMS, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. John Kamm, Mr. Allen Choate, Mr. Lorne 
        Craner, and Prof. Minxin Pei
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: TRADITION AND TRANSFORMATION: U.S. 
        SECURITY INTERESTS IN ASIA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. Stanley Roth, Hon. Walter Slocombe, and Admiral 
        J.W. Prueher
May 14, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 392; AND H. RES. 404, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
May 20, 1998.--HEARING: U.S.-TAIWAN RELATIONS, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Dr. Susan Shirk, Dr. Kurt Campbell, Hon. 
        James Lilley, Mr. Douglas Paal, and Mr. Nat Bellochi
May 21, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 270, 2200 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
June 4, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY OPTIONS TOWARD INDONESIA: 
        WHAT WE CAN EXPECT, WHAT WE CAN DO, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Aurelia Brazeal, Amb. Paul Wolfowitz, 
        Mr. Sidney Jones, and Adam Schwarz
June 18, 1998.--HEARING: INDIA-PAKISTAN NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Karl Inderfurth, Hon. 
        Robert Einhorn, and Hon. David Aron
July 16, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 459, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
September 9, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 505, 2200 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
September 28, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: HUMAN RIGHTS 
        IN BURMA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Gare Smith, Hon. 
        Ralph Boyce, Bo Hla-Tint, Ms. Maureen Aung Thwin, Ms. 
        Michele Keegan, Mr. Thomas Vallely, and Ms. Mary Pack
September 28, 1998.--HEARING: CAMBODIA: WHERE DO WE GO FROM 
        HERE?, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Ralph Boyce, Hon. 
        Steve Solarz, Mr. Lorne Craner, Mr. Eric Bjornlund, and 
        Venerable Natha-Pandito Rithipol
October 1, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON 
        RESOURCES: OVERSIGHT HEARING ON COMPACTS OF FREE 
        ASSOCIATION WITH THE MARSHALL ISLANDS, FEDERATED STATES 
        OF MICRONESIA, AND PALAU, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Stanley Roth, Mr. Allen Stayman, Dr. Kurt Campbell, Mr. 
        Philip Muller, Hon. Hersey Kyota, and Mr. Asterio 
        Takesy

       D. Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade

February 12, 1997.--HEARING: THE FUTURE OF THE OVERSEAS PRIVATE 
        INVESTMENT CORPORATION (OPIC), 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. Jim Kolbe, Hon. Robert Andrews, Ms. Anne Predieri, 
        Mr. Peter Ferrara, and Mr. Peter Bowe
March 5, 1997.--HEARING: REPORT CARD ON NAFTA, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Amo Houghton, Hon. David Bonior, Hon. 
        Marcy Kaptur, Hon. Ira Shapiro, Hon. Regina Vargo, Mr. 
        Ron Carey, Mr. Willard Workman, and Mr. Paul DiMare
March 18, 1997.--HEARING: REVIEW OF THE OVERSEAS PRIVATE 
        INVESTMENT CORPORATION--AUTHORIZE, PRIVATIZE, REFORM, 
        OR TERMINATE, 2237 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Ruth 
        Harkin, Mr. Thomas Schatz, Ms. Linda Powers, and Mr. 
        Kevin Callwood
March 19, 1997.--HEARING: INTERFERING WITH U.S. NATIONAL 
        SECURITY INTERESTS: THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AND 
        THE EUROPEAN UNION CHALLENGE TO THE HELMS-BURTON BILL, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Bob Torricelli, Hon. 
        Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Hon. Bob Menendez, Hon. Ernest 
        Preeg, and Mr. Ignacio Sanchez, Esq.
May 8, 1997.--HEARING: ENCRYPTION: INDIVIDUAL RIGHT TO PRIVACY 
        VS. NATIONAL SECURITY, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        William Reinsch, Hon. William Crowell, Hon. Robert 
        Litt, Mr. Humphrey Polanen, Mr. Jerry Berman, Mr. Tom 
        Parenty, and Mr. Stephen Walker
May 13, 1997.--HEARING: THE FUTURE OF THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION 
        ACT AND OVERALL ADMINISTRATION OF EXPORT CONTROLS, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Thomas McNamara, Hon. William 
        Reinsch, Hon. Michael Wallerstein, Hon. Paul 
        Freedenberg, Mr. Joel Johnson, and Mr. Peter McCloskey
June 24, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 695, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: none
July 9, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK, NAFTA, MERCOSUR, AND 
        BEYOND: DOES THE ROAD LEAD TO A FUTURE FREE TRADE AREA 
        OF THE AMERICAS?, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Charles 
        Jainarain, Mr. Thomas O'Keefe, Mr. John Sweeney, Ms. 
        Thea Lee, Mr. Ramon Rasco, and Ms. Arely Castellon
July 16, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2064, 2237 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
July 23, 1997.--HEARING: MICROCREDIT AND MICROENTERPRISE: THE 
        ROAD TO SELF-RELIANCE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Amo Houghton, Hon. Tony Hall, Mr. Mark Schneider, Mr. 
        Mannan Talukdar, Ms. Kathleen Gordon, Mr. Elveton 
        Newton, Ms. Elisa Crespo, and Mr. Lawrence Yanovitch
September 10, 1997.--HEARING: THE TRANSATLANTIC INITIATIVE: 
        OPPORTUNITIES AND PROSPECTS, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. Franklin Vargo, Hon. Paula Stern, Mr. William 
        Berry, and Mr. Claude Barfield
September 16, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK: ON COURSE OR 
        DERAILED? NECESSARY OR NOT?, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Hon. William Pryce, Mr. Jerry Haar, Ms. Thea Lee, Mr. 
        Duncan Cameron, Mr. Gregory Woodward, and Mr. William 
        Bryst
September 24, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK--PART II, 2200 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Stuart Eizenstat, and Hon. 
        Timothy Hauser
October 22, 1997.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: THE IMPACT 
        OF CHILD LABOR ON FREE TRADE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Mr. R.J. Taylor, Mr. Edward Potter, Esq., Mr. Robert 
        Hall, and Mr. Anthony Freeman
November 6, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK: THE DEBATE CONTINUES, 
        2200 Rayburn, witnesses, Hon. Patrick Buchanan, Mr. 
        William Perry, and Mr. Willard Workman
February 4, 1998.--HEARING: FINANCIAL CRISIS IN ASIA, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Lawrence H. Summers, Hon. 
        Stuart Eizenstat, Prof. Stephan Haggard, Mr. David L. 
        Sokol, and Mr. Marcus Noland
March 5, 1998.--HEARING: MULTILATERAL AGREEMENT ON INVESTMENT: 
        WIN, LOSE, OR DRAW FOR THE U.S.?, 2200 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Alan Larson, Mr. Scott Nova, Ms. Lori 
        Wallach, Mr. Willard Berry, Mr. Stephen Canner, and Mr. 
        Robert Stumberg
March 11, 1998.--HEARING: HELMS-BURTON: TWO YEARS LATER, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Michael Rannenberger, Mr. 
        Francisco Hernandez, Dr. Claudio Benedi, Mr. Jorge 
        Fernandez, and Mr. Ralph Galliano
March 30, 1998.--HEARING: WTO-SETTLEMENT BODY, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Alan Larson, Ms. Susan Esserman, Prof. 
        William Lash, Mr. Dale Moore, and Mr. Jesus Permuy
April 23, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ASIA 
        AND THE PACIFIC: JAPAN'S ROLE IN THE ASIAN FINANCIAL 
        CRISIS, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. James Glassman, 
        Mr. Robert Grondine, Mr. Peter Walters, and Mr. Richard 
        Katz
April 29, 1998.--HEARING: TRADE IN THE AMERICAS: BEYOND THE 
        SANTIAGO SUMMIT, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Richard 
        Brown, Hon. Regina Vargo, Mr. Robert Scott, and Mr. 
        Paul DiMare
May 21, 1998.--HEARING: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: THE MUSIC 
        AND FILM INDUSTRY, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Bruce 
        Lehman, Ms. Bonnie Richardson, Mr. Jason Berman, and 
        Mr. Steven Metalitz
June 11, 1998.--HEARING: MODERNIZATION OF U.S. CUSTOMS: 
        IMPLICATIONS ON TRADE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. 
        Stuart Seidel, Mr. Norm Shenk, Mr. Jonathan Kent, and 
        Mr. Mike Lane
June 24, 1998.--HEARING: CHINA AND ECONOMIC ENGAGEMENT: SUCCESS 
        OR FAILURE?, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Frank 
        Gaffney, Mr. Harry Wu, Mr. Ross Munro, Mr. Gary Bauer, 
        Mr. Stephen Yates, and Mr. Bob Capps
July 22, 1998.--HEARING: THE U.S. AND ITS TRADE DEFICIT: 
        RESTORING THE BALANCE, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        David Aaron, Mr. Erik Gustafson, Mr. Daniel Griswold, 
        and Mr. Peter Morici
September 10, 1998.--HEARING: SANCTIONS REVISITED, 2172 
        Rayburn, Hon. Elliott Abrams, Mr. Frank Kittredge, Dr. 
        Jaime Suchlicki, Mr. Roberto Arguello, Mr. Arthur 
        Downey, Dr. Mya Maung, Mr. Peter McCloskey, and Dr. 
        Richard Heideman
October 7, 1998.--HEARING: OVERSIGHT HEARING ON EX-IM BANK, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. James Harmon, JayEtta 
        Hecker, Mr. Clyde Prestowitz, Mr. Edmund Rice, Ms. 
        Janice Shields, and Mr. Steve Fancher

      E. Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights

February 26, 1997.--HEARING: DEPARTMENT OF STATE MANAGEMENT 
        ISSUES, 2200 Rayburn, witness: Hon. Patrick Kennedy
March 5, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR FY 
        1998-99: U.S. ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY, 2172 
        Rayburn, witness: Hon. John Holum
March 11, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR 
        1998-99: REFUGEES AND MIGRATION, 2172 Rayburn, witness: 
        Hon. Phyllis Oakley
March 13, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR 
        FY 1998-99: U.S. INFORMATION AGENCY AND NATIONAL 
        ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Dr. 
        Joseph Duffey, Mr. David Burke, and Mr. Carl Gershman
March 18, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR 
        1998-99: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES, 
        2172 Rayburn, witness: Hon. Princeton Lyman
April 10, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 1253, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
April 16, 1997.--HEARING: BURMESE REFUGEES IN THAILAND, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Gary Lane, Mr. Stephen Dun, Mr. 
        Soe Pyne, and Rev. Richard Ryscavage
May 22, 1997.--HEARING: FORCED LABOR IN CHINA, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Harry Wu, Mr. Fu Shengqi, Mr. Peter 
        Levy, Ms. Maranda Yen Shieh, and Mr. Jeffrey Fiedler
June 24, 1997.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTHERN IRELAND, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Ms. Maryam Elahi, Ms. Julia Hall, 
        Mr. Michael Posner, Mr. Martin O'Brien, Mr. Stephen 
        Livingstone, Mr. Michael Finucane, Mr. James Kelly, 
        Mrs. Brenda Downes, Mr. Ed Wallace, and Ms. Mary 
        Paglione
September 18, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2431, 2118 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
September 25, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2232; AND H.R. 2358, 2255 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
October 9, 1997.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE PEACE PROCESS 
        IN NORTHERN IRELAND, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. 
        Martin O'Brien, Ms. Jane Winter, Ms. Julia Hall, Ms. 
        Halya Gowan, and Ms. Elisa Massimino
October 22, 1997.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE: THE IMPACT OF 
        CHILD LABOR ON FREE TRADE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. 
        R.J. Taylor, Mr. Edward Potter, Esq., Mr. Robert Hall, 
        and Mr. Anthony Freeman
October 28, 1997.--HEARING: U.S./CHINA RELATIONS AND HUMAN 
        RIGHTS: IS CONSTRUCTIVE ENGAGEMENT WORKING?, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Harry Wu, Ms. Nina Shea, Dr. 
        Allen Keller, T. Kumar, Shen Tong, and Rizvangul Uighur
October 29, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 282; H. CON. RES. 172; H. 
        RES. 231; AND H. CON. RES. 156, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: none
November 6, 1997.--HEARING: THE FIFTH SUMMIT OF THE ASIA 
        PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION FORUM, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. John Wolf, Mr. Robert Denham, Hon. 
        Bennett Johnston, and Dr. Fred Bergsten
February 12, 1998.--MARKUP: H.R. 2678; AND S. Con. Res. 37, 
        2200 Rayburn, witnesses: none
February 24, 1998.--HEARING: ANNUAL OVERSIGHT OF REFUGEE 
        PROGRAMS, POLICIES, AND BUDGET, 2255 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Julia Taft, Mr. William Frelick, Mr. 
        Mark Franken, Mr. Fredrick Frank, Mr. Ralston 
        Deffenbaugh, and Mr. Richard Gere
February 25, 1998.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. RES. 364, AND THE 
        PERUVIAN POPULATION CONTROL PROGRAM, 2167 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Mark Schneider, Dr. Hector Chavez 
        Chuchon, Ms. Avelina Sanchez Nolberto, and Ms. Victoria 
        Vigo Espinoza
March 5, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA: 
        THE ONGOING CRISIS IN THE GREAT LAKES, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Howard Wolpe, Mr. Salih Booker, Dr. 
        Allison Des Forges, Mr. Roger Winter, and Mr. Adotei 
        Akwei
March 31, 1998.--HEARING: THE BETRAYAL OF SREBRENICA: WHY DID 
        THE MASSACRE HAPPEN? WILL IT HAPPEN AGAIN?, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Ms. Bianca Jagger, Mr. Hasan 
        Nuhanovic, Ms. Diane Paul, Mr. Eric Stover, and Mr. 
        John Heffernan
May 5, 1998.--HEARING: RWANDA: GENOCIDE AND THE CONTINUING 
        CYCLE OF VIOLENCE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Richard 
        McCall, Mr. Dennis McNamara, Shaharyar Khan, Senator 
        Alain Destexhe, Ms. Kathi Austin, Ms. Holly Burkhalter, 
        Dr. Alison Des Forges, Mr. Jeff Drumtra, and Mr. 
        Francois-Xavier Nsanzuwera
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDONESIA, 2220 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Dr. Stephanie Fried, Mr. Constancio Pinto, 
        Mr. Jafar Hamzah, Ms. Aryati, and Mr. Pius Lustrilanang
June 10, 1998.--HEARING: FORCED ABORTION AND STERILIZATION IN 
        CHINA: A VIEW FROM THE INSIDE, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        Ms. Gao Xiao Duan, Ms. Zhou Shiu Yon, and Mr. Harry 
        Hongda Wu
June 16, 1998.--HEARING: VICTIMS OF RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION 
        AROUND THE WORLD, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Ms. Ludvica 
        Bukhshs, Dr. Firuz Kazemzedh, Mr. Parhat Yasin, 
        Gyaltsen Wongmo, and Dr. Eliazar Veguilla
June 26, 1998.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS IN CHINA, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Steven Rickard, Mr. Mike Jendrzejczyk, 
        Xiao Quiang, Ms. Nina Shea, and Mr. Phil Fishman
July 24, 1998.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H.R. 4083; H.R. 633; H. 
        CON. RES. 185; AND H.R. 4309, AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN 
        INDONESIA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. John Shattuck, 
        and Hon. Franklin Kramer
July 29, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA: 
        CRISIS IN SUDAN AND NORTHERN UGANDA, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Hon. Susan Rice, Ms. Carol Bellamy, Ms. 
        Catherine Bertini, Ms. Jemera Rone, Mr. Daniel Eiffe, 
        and Sister Mary Rose Atuu
September 28, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: HUMAN RIGHTS IN BURMA, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Gare Smith, Hon. Ralph Boyce, 
        Bo Hla-Tint, Ms. Maureen Aung Thwin, Ms. Michele 
        Keegan, Mr. Thomas Vallely, and Ms. Mary Pack

               F. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere

March 12, 1997.--HEARING: THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE TODAY: A 
        ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Tom 
        Dawson, Dr. Albert Fishlow, Dr. Abraham Lowenthal, Dr. 
        William Perry, Dr. Riordan Roett, Hon. Michael Skol, 
        Hon. William Pryce, and Dr. Joseph Tulchin
March 19, 1997.--HEARING: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY IN THE 
        WESTERN HEMISPHERE, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. 
        Jeffrey Davidow, and Hon. Mark Schneider
May 14, 1997.--HEARING: THE CARIBBEAN: AN OVERVIEW, 2200 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. John Hamilton, Mr. Joseph 
        Sullivan, Mr. Frank Calzon, and Dr. Georges Fauriol
June 25, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. CON. RES. 88, AND A 
        REVIEW OF ISSUES IN CENTRAL AMERICA, 2255 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. John Hamilton, Mr. Mark Schneider, Dr. 
        Cynthia Arnson, and Dr. Michael Shifter
July 16, 1997.--HEARING: THE ANTI-DRUG EFFORT IN THE AMERICAS: 
        A MID-TERM REPORT, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Denny 
        Hastert, Ms. Jane Becker, R. Admiral Walter Doran, and 
        Mr. James Milford
September 17, 1997.--HEARING: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY TOWARD 
        MEXICO AND CANADA, 2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Dr. Delal 
        Baer, Dr. Charles Doran, Dr. Raphael Fernandez de 
        Castro, and Dr. Gordan Smith
October 8, 1997.--HEARING: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY TOWARD 
        SOUTH AMERICA AND THE PRESIDENT'S UPCOMING TRIP TO THE 
        REGION, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Amb. Jeffrey Davidow, 
        Dr. Eduardo Gamarra, Dr. Mark Falcoff, and Mr. William 
        Perry
March 4, 1998.--HEARING AND MARKUP: THE VISIT OF HIS HOLINESS 
        POPE JOHN PAUL II TO CUBA: AN ASSESSMENT OF ITS IMPACT 
        ON RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN CUBA, AND H. CON. RES. 222; H. 
        CON. RES. 215; AND H. RES. 362, 2172 Rayburn, 
        witnesses: Mr. Thomas E. Quigley, Mr. Jorge Dominguez, 
        Mr. Shawn Malone, Mr. Rafael Penalver, and Mr. Leo 
        Viota
May 6, 1998.--HEARING: LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: AN 
        UPDATE AND SUMMARY OF THE SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS, 2200 
        Rayburn, witnesses: Hon. Peter Romero, and Mr. Mark 
        Schneider
May 13, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 254; AND H. RES. 421, 2255 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
July 29, 1998.--HEARING: CONFLICT RESOLUTION: CHIAPAS, MEXICO 
        AND THE SEARCH FOR PEACE, 2200 Rayburn, witnesses: Dr. 
        Roderic Camp, Mr. Carlos Tello Diaz, and Mr. Joel 
        Solomon
August 5, 1998.--HEARING: REGIONAL CONFLICT: COLOMBIA'S 
        INSURGENCY AND PROSPECTS FOR A PEACEFUL RESOLUTION, 
        2172 Rayburn, witnesses: Mr. Michael Shifter, Dr. Marc 
        Chernick, and Dr. Richard Downes

                               APPENDIX I

                              ----------                              


      LIST OF PRINTED HEARINGS AND MARKUPS OF FULL COMMITTEE AND 
                             SUBCOMMITTEES

                           A. Full Committee

January 31, 1997.--HEARING: COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS 
        PRACTICES FOR 1996
February 11, 1997.--HEARING: THE ADMINISTRATION'S INTERNATIONAL 
        AFFAIRS BUDGET REQUEST FOR FY98
February 25, 1997.--HEARING: THE ADMINISTRATION'S INTERNATIONAL 
        AFFAIRS BUDGET REQUEST FOR FY98
February 26, 1997.--HEARING: NEW THINKING ON FOREIGN ASSISTANCE
March 4, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 17; AND H. CON. RES. 18
March 6, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 16; H. RES. 68; H.R. 750; 
        H. J. RES. 58
March 11, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. ASSISTANCE TO THE NEWLY 
        INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
March 12, 1997.--HEARING: U.S.-RUSSIAN RELATIONS
March 13, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN ASSISTANCE AND U.S. FOREIGN 
        POLICY
March 20, 1997.--HEARING: THE ADMINISTRATION'S SECURITY 
        ASSISTANCE REQUEST FOR FY98 AND CONSIDERATION OF THE 
        COMMITTEE'S VIEWS AND ESTIMATES FOR THE FY98 BUDGET 
        RESOLUTION
April 9, 1997.--HEARING: DOES U.N. PEACEKEEPING SERVE U.S. 
        INTERESTS?
April 10, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD EGYPT
April 16, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 115
April 17, 1997.--HEARING: DOES U.N. PEACEKEEPING SERVE U.S. 
        INTERESTS? PART II--ADMINISTRATION WITNESSES
April 30 and May 1, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. ____, FOREIGN POLICY 
        REFORM ACT
May 6, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 73; AND H. RES. 103
May 7, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 121; H. CON. RES. 50; AND H. CON. 
        RES. 63
June 10, 1997.--HEARING: TRADE PRIORITIES OF THE CLINTON 
        ADMINISTRATION
June 25, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD LEBANON
June 25, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 88; H. CON. RES. 81; H.R. 
        2035; H. CON. RES. 99; H. RES. 175; H.R. 1432; AND H. 
        CON. RES. 105
June 26, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. ENTERPRISE FUNDS IN EASTERN 
        EUROPE AND THE STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
July 16, 1997.--HEARING: THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: 
        PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
July 17, 1997.--HEARING: INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OVERSIGHT OF THE 
        DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
        DEVELOPMENT
July 22, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 695
July 23, 1997.--HEARING: IRAN LIBYA SANCTIONS ACT--ONE YEAR 
        LATER
July 24, 1997.--HEARING: GLOBAL CLIMATE NEGOTIATIONS: 
        OBLIGATIONS OF DEVELOPED & DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
July 30, 1997.--HEARING: THE THREAT TO THE U.S. FROM EMERGING 
        INFECTIOUS DISEASES
September 9, 1997.--HEARING: FREEDOM FROM RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION 
        ACT OF 1997
September 10, 1997.--HEARING: FREEDOM FROM RELIGIOUS 
        PERSECUTION ACT OF 1997
September 11, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 217; H. CON. RES. 139; AND 
        H. CON. RES. 137
September 26, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 188
September 29, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 967; H.R. 2232; AND H.R. 2358
September 30, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2386
October 1, 1997.--HEARING: THE THREAT FROM INTERNATIONAL 
        ORGANIZED CRIME AND GLOBAL TERRORISM
October 7, 1997.--HEARING: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE U.S.-CHINA 
        NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT: WHOSE INTERESTS ARE 
        SERVED?
October 9, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 1129; H. RES. 245; H. CON. RES. 
        130; AND H. CON. RES. 121
October 24, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2709
October 29, 1997.--HEARING: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EUROPE
October 31, 1997.--MARKUP: WALTER CAPPS RESOLUTION; H. CON. 
        RES. 22; H. CON. RES. 152; H. RES. 273; H. RES. 282; H. 
        CON. RES. 172; H. RES. 231; AND H. CON. RES. 156
November 5, 1997.--HEARING: SOLDIERS WITHOUT BORDERS: CRISIS IN 
        CENTRAL AFRICA
November 6, 1997.--HEARING: CURRENT STATUS OF NEGOTIATIONS 
        BETWEEN THE TIBETAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE AND THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
November 7, 1997.--HEARING: BOSNIA: THE U.S. ROLE
November 13, 1997.--HEARING AND MARKUP: BONN TO KYOTO: THE 
        ADMINISTRATION'S POSITION ON THE CLIMATE CHANGE TREATY 
        AND H. RES. ____
December 9, 1997.--HEARING: POLICY TOWARDS HAITI FOLLOWING THE 
        WITHDRAWAL OF UN FORCES
February 4, 1998.--HEARING: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE U.S.-CHINA 
        NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT AND A CONSIDERATION OF A 
        MOTION TO GO INTO EXECUTIVE SESSION
February 12, 1998.--HEARING: THE PRESIDENT'S FY99 INTERNATIONAL 
        AFFAIRS BUDGET REQUEST
February 25, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. OPTIONS IN CONFRONTING IRAQ
February 26, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. NARCOTICS POLICY TOWARD 
        COLOMBIA
March 4, 1998.--HEARING: THE TROPICAL FOREST PROTECTION ACT, 
        H.R. 2870
March 5, 1998.--HEARING: THE PRESIDENT'S FOREIGN ASSISTANCE 
        BUDGET REQUEST FOR FY99
March 10, 1998.--HEARING: DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
March 11, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 227; H.R. 2870; H. RES. 
        364; H. RES. 361; AND VIEWS AND ESTIMATES ON THE 
        PRESIDENT'S FY 1999 150 BUDGET REQUEST
March 12, 1998.--HEARING AND MARKUP: PROSPECTS FOR 
        IMPLEMENTATION OF DAYTON AGREEMENTS AND THE NEW NATO 
        MISSION IN BOSNIA AND H. CON. RES. 235; AND H. RES. 373
March 18, 1998.--HEARING: THE PEACE CORPS: 10,000 VOLUNTEERS BY 
        THE YEAR 2000
March 25, 1998.--MARKUP: H.R. 2431
March 26, 1998.--HEARING: REVIEW OF U.S. ASSISTANCE TO RUSSIA, 
        THE UKRAINE AND THE NEW INDEPENDENT STATES
March 26, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 398
March 31, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. NARCOTICS POLICY TOWARD COLOMBIA
April 1, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 350; H. CON. RES. 218; H. RES. 
        374; H. CON. RES. 222; H. CON. RES. 215; S. CON. RES. 
        37; AND H.J. RES. 102
April 23, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 220
April 29, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. ANNUAL DRUG CERTIFICATION 
        PROCESS
April 30, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. ROLE IN THE CAUCASUS AND CENTRAL 
        ASIA
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: ISSUES IN U.S.-EUROPEAN UNION TRADE: 
        EUROPEAN PRIVACY LEGISLATION AND BIOTECHNOLOGY/FOOD 
        SAFETY POLICY
May 13, 1998.--HEARING: THE KYOTO PROTOCOL: PROBLEMS WITH U.S. 
        SOVEREIGNTY AND THE LACK OF DEVELOPING COUNTRY 
        PARTICIPATION
May 20, 1998.--HEARING: ERADICATION AND ELIMINATION OF SIX 
        INFECTIOUS DISEASES
June 3, 1998.--HEARING: HOW SANCTIONS CAN AFFECT U.S. POLICY 
        INTERESTS
June 4, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT 
        REFORM AND OVERSIGHT: THE SALE OF BODY PARTS BY THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
June 5, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 270; H. RES. 392; AND H. 
        RES. 404
June 16, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT 
        REFORM AND OVERSIGHT: THE SALE OF BODY PARTS BY THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, PART II
June 17, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL 
        SECURITY: U.S. POLICY REGARDING THE EXPORT OF 
        SATELLITES TO CHINA--PRIVATE WITNESSES
June 17, 1998.--A WORLDWIDE REVIEW OF THE CLINTON 
        ADMINISTRATION'S POW/MIA POLICIES AND PROGRAMS
June 18, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL 
        SECURITY: U.S. POLICY REGARDING THE EXPORT OF 
        SATELLITES TO CHINA--ADMINISTRATION WITNESSES
June 24, 1998.--HEARING: COLOMBIAN HEROIN CRISIS
June 25, 1998.--HEARING: PROSPECTS FOR DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA
July 16, 1998.--HEARING: THE U.S. AND RUSSIA: ASSESSING THE 
        RELATIONSHIP
July 21, 1998.--MARKUP: H. J. RES. 125; H.R. 4095; H. RES. 459; 
        H. CON. RES. 277; H. RES. 469; H. RES. 421; H. CON. 
        RES. 224; AND H. CON. RES. 254
July 22, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 292; H.R. 4283; H. RES. 
        415; H.R. 3743; H. RES. 362; AND H. RES. 475
July 23, 1998.--HEARING: KOSOVO--CURRENT SITUATION AND FUTURE 
        OPTIONS
July 29, 1998.--HEARING: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
August 6, 1998.--HEARING: HEIRLESS PROPERTY ISSUES OF THE 
        HOLOCAUST
August 6, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 185; H.R. 4083; H.R. 633; 
        AND H.R. 4309
September 16, 1998.--HEARING: THE SPREAD OF AIDS IN THE 
        DEVELOPING WORLD
September 24, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD NORTH KOREA
October 2, 1998.--MARKUP: H.R. 4660; H.R. 4655; H.R. 4506; H. 
        RES. 523; H. CON. RES. 295; H. CON. RES. 309; H. CON. 
        RES. 320; H. CON. RES. 331; H. RES. 518; H. RES. 533; 
        H. RES. 562; AND H. RES. 557

                        B. Subcommittee on Africa

March 13, 1997.--HEARING: IMPACT OF U.S. DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
March 19, 1997.--HEARING: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF AFRICA'S 
        NATURAL RESOURCES
April 8, 1997.--HEARING: ZAIRE: COLLAPSE OF AN AFRICAN GIANT?
April 24, 1997.--HEARING: ANGOLA'S GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL UNITY
May 21, 1997.--HEARING: OBSTACLES TO U.S.-AFRICAN TRADE AND 
        INVESTMENT
May 22, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 1432
June 18, 1997.--HEARING: AFRICA'S EMERGING CAPITAL MARKETS
June 24, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. CON. RES. 99; H. RES. 
        175 AND THE LIBERIAN ELECTION: A NEW HOPE?
July 15, 1997.--HEARING: THE IMPACT OF RADIO ON AFRICAN 
        DEMOCRACY
July 30, 1997.--HEARING: KENYA'S ELECTION CRISIS
September 18, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD NIGERIA
October 1, 1997.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 130
October 8, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. RES. 245 AND THE 
        AFRICA CRISIS RESPONSE INITIATIVE
October 23, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 273
October 30, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 260
February 5, 1998.--HEARING: ALGERIA'S TURMOIL
March 4, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 373; AND H. CON. RES. 374, 2255 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
March 5, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: THE ONGOING 
        CRISIS IN THE GREAT LAKES
March 17, 1998.--HEARING: PREVIEW OF PRESIDENT CLINTON'S 
        HISTORIC VISIT TO AFRICA
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: AFRICA IN THE WORLD ECONOMY
May 20, 1998.--HEARING: ANTI-CORRUPTION EFFORTS IN AFRICA
June 11, 1998.--HEARING: RECONSTRUCTING SIERRA LEONE
June 24, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 415; AND H. CON. RES. 292
July 15, 1998.--HEARING: COMBATING INTERNATIONAL CRIME IN 
        AFRICA
July 29, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: CRISIS IN 
        SUDAN AND NORTHERN UGANDA,

                C. Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific

February 13, 1997.--HEARING: HONG KONG'S REVERSION TO THE 
        PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
February 26, 1997.--HEARING: ENGAGING THE HERMIT KINGDOM: U.S. 
        POLICY TOWARD NORTH KOREA
March 5, 1997.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. CON. RES. 16; H. RES. 
        68; AND H.R. 750 AND USAID ACTIVITIES IN ASIA AND THE 
        CENTRAL ASIAN REPUBLICS
March 12, 1997.--HEARING: DEMOCRATIC CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN 
        SOUTH ASIA
April 23, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 121
May 7, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY TOWARD INDONESIA
June 18, 1997.--HEARING: U.S.-VIETNAM RELATIONS
July 16, 1997.--HEARING: FAMILIAR GROUND: THE BREAKDOWN OF 
        DEMOCRACY IN CAMBODIA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S. FOREIGN 
        POLICY
July 24, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 195; H. CON. RES. 74; H. RES. 
        157
September 17, 1997.--HEARING: U.S. DEMOCRACY PROMOTION PROGRAMS 
        IN ASIA
September 30, 1997.--HEARING: THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S 
        POLICY TOWARD ASIA
October 22, 1997.--HEARING: THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S POLICY 
        TOWARD SOUTH ASIA
October 29, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 282; H. CON. RES. 172; H. 
        RES. 231; H. CON. RES. 162; and H. CON. RES. 156
November 6, 1997--HEARING: THE FIFTH SUMMIT OF THE ASIA PACIFIC 
        ECONOMIC COOPERATION FORUM
February 4, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE: FINANCIAL 
        CRISIS IN ASIA
February 12, 1998.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. RES. 350, AND U.S. 
        INTERESTS IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN REPUBLICS
February 26, 1998.--HEARING: SHATTERED DREAM: THE UNCERTAIN 
        STATE OF DEMOCRACY IN CAMBODIA
March 5, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 364; H. RES. 361; AND H. CON. 
        RES. 218
April 23, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE: JAPAN'S ROLE 
        IN THE ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS
April 30, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY OPTIONS TOWARD CHINA: 
        RULE OF LAW AND DEMOCRATIC PROGRAMS
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: TRADITION AND TRANSFORMATION: U.S. 
        SECURITY INTERESTS IN ASIA
May 14, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 392; AND H. RES. 404, 2172 
        Rayburn, witnesses: none
May 20, 1998.--HEARING: U.S.-TAIWAN RELATIONS
May 21, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 270
June 4, 1998.--HEARING: U.S. POLICY OPTIONS TOWARD INDONESIA: 
        WHAT WE CAN EXPECT, WHAT WE CAN DO,
June 18, 1998.--HEARING: INDIA-PAKISTAN NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION
July 16, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 459
September 9, 1998.--MARKUP: H. RES. 505
September 28, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: HUMAN RIGHTS 
        IN BURMA
September 28, 1998.--HEARING: CAMBODIA: WHERE DO WE GO FROM 
        HERE?
October 1, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE COMMITTEE ON 
        RESOURCES: OVERSIGHT HEARING ON COMPACTS OF FREE 
        ASSOCIATION WITH THE MARSHALL ISLANDS, FEDERATED STATES 
        OF MICRONESIA, AND PALAU

       D. Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade

February 12, 1997.--HEARING: THE FUTURE OF THE OVERSEAS PRIVATE 
        INVESTMENT CORPORATION (OPIC)
March 5, 1997.--HEARING: REPORT CARD ON NAFTA
March 18, 1997.--HEARING: REVIEW OF THE OVERSEAS PRIVATE 
        INVESTMENT CORPORATION--AUTHORIZE, PRIVATIZE, REFORM, 
        OR TERMINATE
March 19, 1997.--HEARING: INTERFERING WITH U.S. NATIONAL 
        SECURITY INTERESTS: THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AND 
        THE EUROPEAN UNION CHALLENGE TO THE HELMS-BURTON BILL
May 8, 1997.--HEARING: ENCRYPTION: INDIVIDUAL RIGHT TO PRIVACY 
        VS. NATIONAL SECURITY
May 13, 1997.--HEARING: THE FUTURE OF THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION 
        ACT AND OVERALL ADMINISTRATION OF EXPORT CONTROLS
June 24, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 695
July 9, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK, NAFTA, MERCOSUR, AND 
        BEYOND: DOES THE ROAD LEAD TO A FUTURE FREE TRADE AREA 
        OF THE AMERICAS?
July 16, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2064, 2237 Rayburn, witnesses: 
        none
July 23, 1997.--HEARING: MICROCREDIT AND MICROENTERPRISE: THE 
        ROAD TO SELF- RELIANCE
September 10, 1997.--HEARING: THE TRANSATLANTIC INITIATIVE: 
        OPPORTUNITIES AND PROSPECTS
September 16, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK: ON COURSE OR 
        DERAILED? NECESSARY OR NOT?
September 24, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK--PART II
October 22, 1997.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS: THE IMPACT 
        OF CHILD LABOR ON FREE TRADE
November 6, 1997.--HEARING: FAST TRACK: THE DEBATE CONTINUES
February 4, 1998.--HEARING: FINANCIAL CRISIS IN ASIA
March 5, 1998.--HEARING: MULTILATERAL AGREEMENT ON INVESTMENT: 
        WIN, LOSE, OR DRAW FOR THE U.S.?
March 11, 1998.--HEARING: HELMS-BURTON: TWO YEARS LATER
March 30, 1998.--HEARING: WTO-SETTLEMENT BODY
April 23, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ASIA 
        AND THE PACIFIC: JAPAN'S ROLE IN THE ASIAN FINANCIAL 
        CRISIS
April 29, 1998.--HEARING: TRADE IN THE AMERICAS: BEYOND THE 
        SANTIAGO SUMMIT
May 21,1998.--HEARING: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: THE MUSIC 
        AND FILM INDUSTRY
June 11, 1998.--HEARING: MODERNIZATION OF U.S. CUSTOMS: 
        IMPLICATIONS ON TRADE
June 24, 1998.--HEARING: CHINA AND ECONOMIC ENGAGEMENT: SUCCESS 
        OR FAILURE?
July 22, 1998.--HEARING: THE U.S. AND ITS TRADE DEFICIT: 
        RESTORING THE BALANCE
September 10, 1998.--HEARING: SANCTIONS REVISITED

      E. Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights

February 26, 1997.--HEARING: DEPARTMENT OF STATE MANAGEMENT 
        ISSUES
March 5, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR FY 
        1998-99: U.S. ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY
March 11, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR 
        1998-99: REFUGEES AND MIGRATION
March 13, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR 
        FY 1998-99: U.S. INFORMATION AGENCY AND NATIONAL 
        ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
March 18, 1997.--HEARING: FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION FOR 
        1998-99: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES
April 10, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 1253
April 16, 1997.--HEARING: BURMESE REFUGEES IN THAILAND
May 22, 1997.--HEARING: FORCED LABOR IN CHINA
June 24, 1997.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTHERN IRELAND
September 18, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2431
September 25, 1997.--MARKUP: H.R. 2232; AND H.R. 2358
October 9, 1997.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE PEACE PROCESS 
        IN NORTHERN IRELAND
October 22, 1997.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE: THE IMPACT OF 
        CHILD LABOR ON FREE TRADE
October 28, 1997.--HEARING: U.S./CHINA RELATIONS AND HUMAN 
        RIGHTS: IS CONSTRUCTIVE ENGAGEMENT WORKING?
October 29, 1997.--MARKUP: H. RES. 282; H. CON. RES. 172; H. 
        RES. 231; AND H. CON. RES. 156
November 6, 1997.--HEARING: THE FIFTH SUMMIT OF THE ASIA 
        PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION FORUM
February 12, 1998.--MARKUP: H.R. 2678; AND S. Con. Res. 37
February 24, 1998.--HEARING: ANNUAL OVERSIGHT OF REFUGEE 
        PROGRAMS, POLICIES, AND BUDGET
February 25, 1998.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H. RES. 364, AND THE 
        PERUVIAN POPULATION CONTROL PROGRAM
March 5, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA: 
        THE ONGOING CRISIS IN THE GREAT LAKES
March 31, 1998.--HEARING: THE BETRAYAL OF SREBRENICA: WHY DID 
        THE MASSACRE HAPPEN? WILL IT HAPPEN AGAIN?
May 5, 1998.--HEARING: RWANDA: GENOCIDE AND THE CONTINUING 
        CYCLE OF VIOLENCE
May 7, 1998.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDONESIA
June 10, 1998.--HEARING: FORCED ABORTION AND STERILIZATION IN 
        CHINA: A VIEW FROM THE INSIDE
June 16, 1998.--HEARING: VICTIMS OF RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION 
        AROUND THE WORLD
June 26, 1998.--HEARING: HUMAN RIGHTS IN CHINA
July 24, 1998.--MARKUP AND HEARING: H.R. 4083; H.R. 633; H. 
        CON. RES. 185; AND H.R. 4309, AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN 
        INDONESIA
July 29, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA: 
        CRISIS IN SUDAN AND NORTHERN UGANDA
September 28, 1998.--JOINT HEARING WITH THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
        ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: HUMAN RIGHTS IN BURMA

               F. Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere

March 12, 1997.--HEARING: THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE TODAY: A 
        ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION
March 19, 1997.--HEARING: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY IN THE 
        WESTERN HEMISPHERE
May 14, 1997.--HEARING: THE CARIBBEAN: AN OVERVIEW
June 25, 1997.--HEARING: A REVIEW OF ISSUES IN CENTRAL AMERICA
July 16, 1997.--HEARING: THE ANTI-DRUG EFFORT IN THE AMERICAS: 
        A MID-TERM REPORT
September 17, 1997.--HEARING: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY TOWARD 
        MEXICO AND CANADA
October 8, 1997.--HEARING: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY TOWARD 
        SOUTH AMERICA AND THE PRESIDENT'S UPCOMING TRIP TO THE 
        REGION
March 4, 1998.--HEARING: THE VISIT OF HIS HOLINESS POPE JOHN 
        PAUL II TO CUBA: AN ASSESSMENT OF ITS IMPACT ON 
        RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN CUBA
May 6, 1998.--HEARING: LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: AN 
        UPDATE AND SUMMARY OF THE SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS
May 13, 1998.--MARKUP: H. CON. RES. 254; AND H. RES. 421
July 29, 1998.--HEARING: CONFLICT RESOLUTION: CHIAPAS, MEXICO 
        AND THE SEARCH FOR PEACE
August 5, 1998.--HEARING: REGIONAL CONFLICT: COLOMBIA'S 
        INSURGENCY AND PROSPECTS FOR A PEACEFUL RESOLUTION


                              APPENDIX II

                              ----------                              


  WITNESSES BEFORE FULL COMMITTEE AND SUBCOMMITTEES DURING THE 105th 
                                CONGRESS

    During the 105th Congress, the full committee and its 
subcommittees took testimony from witnesses in legislative and 
consultative hearings. Witnesses were drawn from the executive 
branch, Members of Congress and private citizens with 
particular expertise. In addition, the full committee and 
subcommittees received distinguished visitors from other 
countries.
    The key to abbreviations is as follows:
    SubIEPT--Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and 
Trade.
    SubIOPHR--Subcommittee on International Operations and 
Human Rights.
    SubWHEM--Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere.
    SubAP--Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific.
    SubAF--Subcommittee on Africa.

                    A. Congressional Witnesses--1997

Andrews, Honorable Robert E., Member of Congress, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, February 12, 1997 (The Future of the 
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)).
Bonior, Honorable David, House Democratic Whip, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 4, 1997 (Report Card on NAFTA).
Diaz-Balart, Honorable Lincoln, Member of Congress, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, March 19, 1997 (Interfering With U.S. 
        National Security Interests: The World Trade 
        Organization and the European Union Challenge to the 
        Helms-Burton Bill).
Hall, Honorable Tony, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Hastert, Honorable Dennis, a Representative from the State of 
        Illinois, hearing before SubWHEM, July 16, 1997 (The 
        Anti-Drug Effort in the Americas: A Mid-Term Report).
Houghton, Honorable Amo, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 4, 1997 (Report Card on NAFTA); hearing 
        before SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Jefferson, Honorable William J., Member of Congress, hearing 
        before SubAF, September 18, 1997 (United States Policy 
        Toward Nigeria).
Kaptur, Honorable Marcy, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 4, 1997 (Report Card on NAFTA).
Kolbe, Honorable Jim, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, February 12, 1997 (The Future of the Overseas 
        Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)).
Menendez, Honorable Bob, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 19, 1997 (Interfering With U.S. National 
        Security Interests: The World Trade Organization and 
        the European Union Challenge to the Helms-Burton Bill).
Payne, Honorable Donald M., Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubAF, July 30, 1997 (Kenya's Election Crisis).
Shaw, Honorable J. Clay, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        SubAF, March 19, 1997 (Economic Development of Africa's 
        Natural Resources).
Specter, Honorable Arlen, United States Senator, September 9, 
        1997 (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Strickland, Honorable Ted, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        full committee, September 9, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Torricelli, Honorable Robert, United States Senator, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, March 19, 1997 (Interfering With U.S. 
        National Security Interests: The World Trade 
        Organization and the European Union Challenge to the 
        Helms-Burton Bill).
Wolf, Honorable Frank, Member of Congress, hearing before full 
        committee, September 9, 1997 (Freedom from Religious 
        Persecution Act of 1997).

                  B. Executive Branch Witnesses--1997

Aaron, Honorable David L., U.S. Ambassador to the Organization 
        for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 
        hearing before SubIEPT, June 4, 1997 (The Future of 
        U.S.-European Trade Relations).
Albright, Honorable Madeleine, Secretary of State, Department 
        of State, hearing before full committee, February 6, 
        1997 (Administration's International Affairs Budget 
        Request for FY98).
Atwood, Honorable J. Brian, Administrator, Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before SubAP, 
        February 25, 1997 (The Administration's FY98 Foreign 
        Assistance Budget Request); hearing before full 
        committee, July 16, 1997 (The Democratic Republic of 
        Congo: Problems and Prospects).
Bader, Jeffrey, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East 
        Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, 
        hearing before SubAP, February 13, 1997, (Hong Kong's 
        Reversion to the People's Republic of China); hearing 
        before SubAP, April 23 1997 (Sino-American Relations 
        and U.S. Policy Options); hearing before SubAP and 
        SubIEPT, June 18, 1997 (U.S.-Vietnam Relations).
Barshefsky, Honorable Charlene, U.S. Trade Representative, 
        hearing before full committee, June 10, 1997 (Trade 
        Priorities of the Clinton Administration).
Becker, Jane, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of 
        International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, 
        Department of State, hearing before SubWHEM, July 16, 
        1997 (The Anti-Drug Effort in the Americas: A Mid-Term 
        Report).
Brazeal, Honorable Aurelia, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau 
        of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, United States 
        Department of State, hearing before SubAP, May 7, 1997 
        (U.S. Policy Toward Indochina); hearing before SubAP, 
        July 15, 1997 (Familiar Ground: The Breakdown of 
        Democracy in Cambodia and Implications for U.S. Foreign 
        Policy).
Campbell, Dr. Kurt, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U. S. Department of 
        Defense, hearing before SubAP, February 18, 1997 
        (Engaging the Hermit Kingdom: U.S. Policy Toward North 
        Korea).
Carson, Honorable Johnnie, Acting Assistant Secretary of State 
        for Africa, hearing before SubAF, September 18, 1997 
        (United States Policy Toward Nigeria).
Cohen, Honorable William, Secretary of Defense, Department of 
        Defense, hearing before full committee, March 20, 1997 
        (The Administration's Security Assistance Request for 
        FY98).
Collins, Honorable James F., Ambassador-at-Large for the New 
        Independent States, Department of State, hearing before 
        full committee, March 12, 1997 (U.S.-Russian 
        Relations).
Craig, Greg, Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Department 
        of State, hearing before full committee, November 6, 
        1997 (Current Status of Negotiations Between the 
        Tibetan Government in Exile and the People's Republic 
        of China).
Crowell, Honorable William, Deputy Director, National Security 
        Agency, hearing before SubIEPT, May 8, 1997 
        (Encryption: Individual Right to Privacy vs. National 
        Security).
Davidow, Honorable Jeffrey, Assistant Secretary for Inter-
        American Affairs, U.S. State Department, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, March 17, 1997 (An Overview of U.S. Policy in 
        the Western Hemisphere); hearing before SubWHEM, 
        October 8, 1997 (An Overview of U.S. Policy toward 
        South America and the President's Upcoming Trip to the 
        Region).
Dine, Honorable Thomas, Assistant Administrator for Europe and 
        the New Independent States, U. S. Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before SubAP, March 
        5, 1997 (AID Activities in Asia and the Central Asian 
        Republics); hearing before full committee, March 11, 
        1997 (U.S. Assistance to the Newly Independent States 
        of the former Soviet Union); Assistant Administrator, 
        Bureau for Europe and the Newly Independent States, 
        hearing before full committee, June 26, 1997 (United 
        States Enterprise Funds in Eastern Europe and the 
        States of the Former Soviet Union).
Doran, R. Admiral Walter, Deputy Commander In-Chief, U.S. 
        Southern Command, Department of Defense, July 16, 1997 
        (The Anti-Drug Effort in the Americas: A Mid-Term 
        Report).
Duffey, Joseph, Director, U.S. Information Agency, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, March 13, 1997 (Foreign Relations 
        Authorization for FY 1998-99: U.S. Information Agency 
        and National Endowment for Democracy).
Eizenstat, Honorable Stuart, Under Secretary for Economic and 
        Agricultural Affairs, Department of State, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, September 24, 1997 (Fast Track--Part 
        II, Continuation of September 16th Hearing: ``Fast 
        Track: On Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?'').
Freeh, Honorable Louis J., Director, Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation, hearing before full committee, October 
        1, 1997 (The Threat from International Organized Crime 
        and Global Terrorism).
Gelbard, Ambassador Robert, Special Representative of the 
        President and the Secretary of State for Implementation 
        of the Dayton Peace Accords, hearing before full 
        committee, November 7, 1997 (Bosnia: The U.S. Role).
Gordon, David, Overseas Development Council, hearing before 
        full committee, February 26, 1997 (New Thinking on 
        Foreign Assistance).
Greenlee, Ambassador David, Special Haiti Coordinator, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        December 9, 1997 (Policy Towards Haiti Following the 
        Withdrawal of U.N. Forces).
Hales, David, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Global Center for 
        Environment, hearing before full committee, July 24, 
        1997 (Global Climate Negotiations: Obligations of 
        Developed & Developing Countries).
Hamilton, John, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Central America 
        and the Caribbean, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubWHEM, May 14, 1997 (The Caribbean: An 
        Overview); hearing before SubWHEM, June 25, 1997 (A 
        Review of Issues in Central America).
Hare, Honorable Paul, U.S. Special Representative to Angola, 
        U.S. Department of State, hearing before SubAF, April 
        24, 1997 (Angola's Government of National Unity).
Hauser, Honorable Timothy, Under Secretary for International 
        Trade Administration, hearing before SubIEPT, September 
        24, 1997 (Fast Track-Part II, Continuation of September 
        16th hearing; ``Fast Track: On Course or Derailed? 
        Necessary or Not?'').
Holmes, Honorable James, Coordinator for Eastern European 
        Assistance, Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        June 26, 1997 (United States Enterprise Funds in 
        Eastern Europe and the States of the Former Soviet 
        Union).
Holum, Honorable John D., Director, U.S. Arms Control and 
        Disarmament Agency, hearing before SubIOPHR, March 5, 
        1997 (Foreign Relations Authorization for FY 1998-99: 
        U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency).
Jeter, Honorable Howard, U.S. Special Envoy to Liberia, U.S. 
        Department of State, hearing before SubAF, June 24, 
        1997 (The Liberian Election: A New Hope?).
Kartman, Charles, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian 
        and Pacific Affairs (acting), U.S. Department of State, 
        hearing before SubAP, February 26, 1997 (Engaging the 
        Hermit Kingdom: U.S. Policy Toward North Korea).
Kennedy, Honorable Patrick, Acting Undersecretary for 
        Management, U.S. Department of State, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, February 26, 1997 (Department of State 
        Management Initiatives).
Kern, Vincent D., III, Deputy Assistant Secretary for African 
        Affairs, U.S. Department of Defense, hearing before 
        SubAF, April 8, 1997 (Zaire: Collapse of an African 
        Giant?); hearing before SubAF, October 8, 1997 (The 
        Africa Crisis Response Initiative).
Klose, Kevin, Director, U.S. International Broadcasting Bureau, 
        hearing before SubAF and SubIOPHR, July 15, 1997 (The 
        Impact of Radio on African Democracy).
Lang, Jeffrey M., Deputy United States Trade Representative, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, May 21, 1997 (Obstacles to 
        U.S.-African Trade and Investment).
Larsen, Honorable Alan, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Economic 
        and Business Affairs, Department of State, hearing 
        before full committee, July 23, 1997 (Iran Libya 
        Sanctions Act--One Year Later).
Lieberman, Evelyn, Director, Voice of America, hearing before 
        SubAF and SubIOPHR, July 15, 1997 (The Impact of Radio 
        on African Democracy).
Litt, Honorable Robert, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, 
        Criminal Division, U.S. Department of Justice, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, May 8, 1997 (Encryption: Individual 
        Right to Privacy vs. National Security).
Lord, Honorable Winston, former Assistant Secretary of State 
        for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, hearing before 
        SubAP, April 23, 1997 (Sino-American Relations and U.S. 
        Policy Options).
Lyman, Honorable Princeton, Acting Assistant Secretary for the 
        Bureau of International Organization Affairs, U.S. 
        Department of State, hearing before SubIOPHR, March 18, 
        1997 (Foreign Relations Authorization for FY 1998-99: 
        International Organizations and Conferences); hearing 
        before full committee, April 17, 1997 (Does U.N. 
        Peacekeeping Serve U.S. Interests? Part II: 
        Administration Witnesses).
McCallie, Marshall, Special Coordinator/ACRI, Bureau for 
        Africa, U.S. Department of State, hearing before SubAF, 
        October 8, 1997 (The Africa Crisis Response 
        Initiative).
McKune, Kenneth, Deputy Coordinator for Regional Policy 
        Affairs, Office of the Coordinator for 
        Counterterrorism, Department of State, hearing before 
        full committee, June 25, 1997 (United States Policy 
        Towards Lebanon).
McNamara, Honorable Thomas, Assistant Secretary of State, 
        Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, May 13, 1997 (The Future of the Export 
        Administration Act and Overall Administration of Export 
        Controls).
Milford, James, Deputy Administrator, Drug Enforcement Agency, 
        hearing before SubWHEM, July 16, 1997 (The Anti-Drug 
        Effort in the Americas: A Mid-Term Report); hearing 
        before full committee, December 9, 1997 (Policy Towards 
        Haiti Following the Withdrawal of U.N. Forces).
Moose, Honorable George, Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Africa, U.S. Department of State, hearing before SubAF, 
        March 13, 1997 (Impact of U.S. Development Assistance 
        in Africa); hearing before SubAF, April 8, 1997 (Zaire: 
        Collapse of an African Giant?); hearing before SubAF, 
        April 24, 1997 (Angola's Government of National Unity).
Morningstar, Ambassador Richard, Coordinator of U.S. Assistance 
        to the Newly Independent States, U.S. Department of 
        State, hearing before full committee, March 11, 1997 
        (U.S. Assistance to the Newly Independent States of the 
        former Soviet Union); Special Advisor to the President 
        and Secretary of State on Assistance to the Newly 
        Independent States and Coordinator etc., hearing before 
        full committee, June 26, 1997 (United States Enterprise 
        Funds in Eastern Europe and the States of the Former 
        Soviet Union).
Oakley, Honorable Phyllis E., Assistant Secretary, Bureau of 
        Population, Refugees, and Migration, U.S. Department of 
        State, hearing before SubIOPHR, March 11, 1997 (Foreign 
        Relations Authorization for FY 1998-99).
Peasley, Honorable Carol, Acting Assistant Administrator for 
        Africa, U.S. Agency for International Development, 
        hearing before SubAF, March 13, 1997 (Impact of U.S. 
        Development Assistance in Africa); hearing before 
        SubAF, July 30, 1997 (Kenya's Election Crisis).
Pickering, Honorable Thomas, Under Secretary for Political 
        Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing before full 
        committee, July 16, 1997 (The Democratic Republic of 
        Congo: Problems and Prospects).
Raphel, Honorable Robin L., Assistant Secretary of State for 
        South Asian Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAP, March 12, 1997 (Democratic Continuity and 
        Change in South Asia).
Reinsch, Honorable William, Under Secretary of Commerce, Bureau 
        of Export Administration, hearing before SubIEPT, May 
        8, 1997 (Encryption: Individual Right to Privacy vs. 
        National Security); hearing before SubIEPT, May 13, 
        1997 (The Future of the Export Administration Act and 
        Overall Administration of Export Controls).
Richardson, Honorable Bill, U.S. Ambassador to the United 
        Nations, hearing before full committee, November 5, 
        1997 (Soldiers Without Borders: Crisis in Central 
        Africa).
Roth, Honorable Stanley, Assistant Secretary of State of East 
        Asian and Pacific Affairs (invited), hearing before 
        SubAP, September 30, 1997 (The Clinton Administration's 
        Policy Toward Asia).
Rush, Honorable Jeffrey, Inspector General, Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before full 
        committee, July 17, 1997 (Inspector General's Oversight 
        of the Department of State and Agency for International 
        Development).
Samet, Honorable Andrew, Acting Deputy Secretary for 
        International Labor Affairs, Department of Labor, 
        hearing before SubIEPT and SubIOPHR, October 22, 1997 
        (The Impact of Child Labor on Free Trade).
Schneider, Honorable Mark, Assistant Administrator for Latin 
        American and Caribbean Affairs, U.S. Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before SubWHEM, 
        March 17, 1997 (An Overview of U.S. Policy in the 
        Western Hemisphere); hearing before SubWHEM, June 25, 
        1997 (A Review of Issues in Central America); hearing 
        before SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Shapiro, Honorable Ira, Senior Counsel and Negotiator, Office 
        of the U.S. Trade Representative, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 5, 1997 (Report Card on NAFTA).
Shattuck, Honorable John, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of 
        Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Department of State, 
        hearing before full committee, January 31, 1997 
        (Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1996); 
        hearing before full committee, September 9, 1997 
        (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 1997); 
        hearing before SubAP, September 17, 1997 (U.S. 
        Democracy Promotion Programs in Asia).
Shelton, Honorable Sally, Assistant Administrator, Bureau for 
        Global Programs, Field Support and Research, U.S. 
        Agency for International Development, hearing before 
        full committee, July 30, 1997 (The Threat to the U.S. 
        from Emerging Infectious Diseases).
Sullivan, Joseph, Special Coordinator for Haiti, U.S. 
        Department of State, hearing before SubWHEM, May 14, 
        1997 (The Caribbean: An Overview).
Twaddell, Honorable William H., Acting Assistant Secretary for 
        African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAF, July 30, 1997 (Kenya's Election Crisis).
Vargo, Honorable Franklin J., Acting Assistant Secretary for 
        Market Access and Compliance, Department of Commerce, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, September 10, 1997 (The 
        Transatlantic Initiative: Opportunities and Prospects).
Vargo, Honorable Regina, Deputy Assistant Secretary for the 
        Western Hemisphere, Department of Commerce, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, March 5, 1997 (Report Card on NAFTA).
Wallerstein, Honorable Mitchel, Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense, Counter Proliferation Policy, International 
        Security Policy, hearing before SubIEPT, May 13, 1997 
        (The Future of the Export Administration Act and 
        Overall Administration of Export Controls).
Warner, Honorable Ted L., Assistant Secretary for Strategy, 
        Department of Defense, hearing before full committee, 
        April 17, 1997 (Does U.N. Peacekeeping Serve U.S. 
        Interests? Part II: Administration Witnesses).
Weden, Charles, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Asia, U.S. 
        Agency for International Development, hearing before 
        SubAP, March 5, 1997 (AID Activities in Asia and the 
        Central Asian Republics).
Welch, Honorable David, Acting Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, hearing 
        before full committee, June 25, 1997 (United States 
        Policy Towards Lebanon); hearing before full committee, 
        July 23, 1997 (Iran Libya Sanctions Act--One Year 
        Later).
Williams-Bridgers, Honorable Jacquelyn L., Inspector General, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        July 17, 1997 (Inspector General's Oversight of the 
        Department of State and Agency for International 
        Development).
Wirth, Honorable Tim, Under Secretary for Global Affairs, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        July 24, 1997 (Global Climate Negotiations: Obligations 
        of Developed & Developing Countries); hearing before 
        full committee, November 13, 1997 (Bonn to Kyoto: The 
        Administration's Position on the Climate Change 
        Treaty).
Wolf, Honorable John, Coordinator for Asia Pacific Economic 
        Cooperation, U.S. Department of State, hearing before 
        SubAP, November 6, 1997 (The Fifth Summit of the Asia 
        Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum).
Wolpe, Honorable Howard, Special Envoy, Bureau of African 
        Affairs, Department of State, hearing before full 
        committee, November 5, 1997 (Soldiers Without Borders: 
        Crisis in Central Africa).

                  C. Non-Governmental Witnesses--1997

Abney, Ronald, International Republican Institute, hearing 
        before SubAP, July 16, 1997 (Familiar Ground: The 
        Breakdown of Democracy in Cambodia and Implications for 
        U.S. Foreign Policy).
Adelman, Ken, Former Director, Arms Control and Disarmament 
        Agency, hearing before full committee, October 7, 1997 
        (Implementation of the U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation 
        Agreement: Whose Interests Are Served?).
Aidoo, Judith, President and Chief Executive Officer, The Aidoo 
        Group Limited, hearing before SubAF, June 18, 1997 
        (Africa's Emerging Capital Markets).
Anderson, Terry, Journalist, hearing before full committee, 
        June 25, 1997 (United States Policy Towards Lebanon).
Argue, Dr. Donald, President, National Association of 
        Evangelicals, hearing before full committee, September 
        10, 1997 (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 
        1997).
Arnson, Dr. Cynthia, Senior Program Associate, Woodrow Wilson 
        International Center for Scholars, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, June 25, 1997 (A Review of Issues in Central 
        America).
Baer, Dr. M. Delal, Senior Fellow and Director, The Mexico 
        Project, The Center for Strategic and International 
        Studies, hearing before SubWHEM, September 17, 1997 (An 
        Overview of U.S. Policy toward Mexico and Canada).
Barfield, Claude, Resident Scholar for Trade Policy Studies, 
        American Enterprise Institute, hearing before SubIEPT, 
        September 10, 1997 (The Transatlantic Initiative: 
        Opportunities and Prospects).
Becker, Dan, Director of Global Warming and Energy Program, 
        Sierra Club, hearing before full committee, July 24, 
        1997 (Global Climate Negotiations: Obligations of 
        Developed & Developing Countries).
Bennett, William J., Co-Director, Empower America, hearing 
        before full committee, September 10, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Bergsten, C. Fred, Director, Institute for International 
        Economics, hearing before SubAP, November 6, 1997 (The 
        Fifth Summit of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation 
        Forum).
Berman, Jerry, Executive Director, Center for Democracy and 
        Technology, hearing before SubIEPT, May 8, 1997 
        (Encryption: Individual Right to Privacy vs. National 
        Security).
Berry, Willard M., President, European-American Business 
        Council, hearing before SubIEPT, September 10, 1997 
        (The Transatlantic Initiative: Opportunities and 
        Prospects).
Best, Kenneth, Publisher and Managing Director, The Observer 
        Company Gambia Ltd., Liberian Observer Corporation, 
        Monrovia, hearing before SubAF and SubIOPHR, July 15, 
        1997 (The Impact of Radio on African Democracy).
Bjornlund, Eric, Director, Asia Programs, National Democratic 
        Institute, hearing before SubAP, March 12, 1997 
        (Democratic Continuity and Change in South Asia).
Blum, Jack Esq., Attorney at Law, Law firm of Lobel, Novins and 
        Lamont, hearing before full committee, October 1, 1997 
        (The Threat from International Organized Crime and 
        Global Terrorism).
Bolton, John, Senior Vice President, American Enterprise 
        Institute, hearing before full committee, April 9, 1997 
        (Does U.N. Peacekeeping Serve U.S. Interests?).
Booker, Salih, Senior Fellow, Africa Studies Project, Council 
        on Foreign Relations, hearing before SubAF, April 8, 
        1997 (Zaire: Collapse of an African Giant?); hearing 
        before full committee, November 5, 1997 (Soldiers 
        Without Borders: Crisis in Central Africa).
Bowe, Peter, President, Ellicott International (on behalf of 
        the Coalition for Employment through Exports, the Small 
        Business Exporters Association, and the International 
        Energy Development Council), hearing before SubIEPT, 
        February 12, 1997, (The Future of the Overseas Private 
        Investment Corporation (OPIC)).
Bryst, William, President, Washington International Trade 
        Association, hearing before SubIEPT, September 16, 1997 
        (Fast Track: On Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?).
Buchanan, Honorable Patrick, President, The American Cause and 
        commentator, CNN ``Crossfire'', hearing before SubIEPT, 
        November 6, 1997 (Fast Track: The Debate Continues).
Burke, David, Chairman, Broadcasting Board of Governors 
        (Invited), hearing before SubIOPHR, March 13, 1997 
        (Foreign Relations Authorization for FY 1998-99: U.S. 
        Information Agency and National Endowment for 
        Democracy).
Burkhalter, Holly, Advocacy Director, Human Rights Watch, 
        hearing before full committee, January 31, 1997 
        (Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1996).
Busia, Dr. Abema, Rutgers University, hearing before SubAF, 
        September 18, 1997 (United States Policy Toward 
        Nigeria).
Calzon, Frank, Washington Representative, Freedom House, 
        hearing before SubWHEM, May 14, 1997 (The Caribbean: An 
        Overview).
Cameron, Duncan, Board of Directors, Chilean-American Chamber 
        of Commerce, hearing before SubIEPT, September 16, 1997 
        (Fast Track: On Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?)
Campbell, Scott, Consultant, Human Rights Watch/Africa, hearing 
        before full committee, November 5, 1997 (Soldiers 
        Without Borders: Crisis in Central Africa).
Carey, Ron, General President, International Brotherhood of 
        Teamsters, hearing before SubIEPT, March 5, 1997 
        (Report Card on NAFTA).
Carpenter, Ted, Vice President, CATO, hearing before full 
        committee, March 13, 1997 (Foreign Assistance and U.S. 
        Foreign Policy).
Carroll, Anthony, Attorney-at-Law, hearing before SubIEPT, May 
        21, 1997 (Obstacles to U.S.-African Trade and 
        Investment).
Castellon, Arely, Vice President and General Manager, Latin 
        America Region, Global One and Member, Board of 
        Directors, Caribbean/Latin America Action, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, July 9, 1997 (Fast Track, NAFTA, 
        MERCOSUR, and Beyond: Does the Road Lead to a Future 
        Free Trade Area of the Americas?).
Chaka, Malik M., Director of Research and Information, The 
        Center for Democracy in Angola, hearing before SubAF, 
        April 24, 1997 (Angola's Government of National Unity).
Christianson, Rev. Drew (S.J.), Director, Office of 
        International Justice and Peace, United States Catholic 
        Conference, hearing before full committee, September 
        10, 1997 (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 
        1997).
Clawson, Patrick, Senior Research Professor, National Defense 
        University, hearing before full committee, July 23, 
        1997 (Iran Libya Sanctions Act--One Year Later).
Coan, Louisa, National Endowment for Democracy, hearing before 
        SubAP, September 17, 1997 (U.S. Democracy Promotion 
        Programs in Asia).
Crespo, Elisa, Owner, Instructor of EVA Safety Consultants, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Davis, Dr. David F., Program on Peacekeeping Policy, George 
        Mason University, hearing before SubAF, October 8, 1997 
        (The Africa Crisis Response Initiative).
Dawson, Dr. Tom, Director, Financial Institutions, Merrill 
        Lynch, hearing before SubWHEM, March 12, 1997 (The 
        Western Hemisphere Today: A Roundtable Discussion).
de Borchgrave, Arnaud, Center for Strategic and International 
        Studies, hearing before full committee, October 1, 1997 
        (The Threat from International Organized Crime and 
        Global Terrorism).
deCastro, Dr. Rafael Fernandez, Dean, Department of 
        International Relations, Instituto Technologico 
        Autonomo de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, September 17, 1997 (An Overview of U.S. Policy 
        toward Mexico and Canada).
DeGennaro, Dr. Giovanni, Deputy Director, Italian National 
        Police, hearing before full committee, October 1, 1997 
        (The Threat from International Organized Crime and 
        Global Terrorism).
DeJarnette, Honorable Edward, Executive Director, United 
        States-Angola Chamber of Commerce, hearing before 
        SubAF, March 13, 1997 (Impact of U.S. Development 
        Assistance in Africa).
Denham, Robert, Chairman, Salomon Incorporated, Member APEC 
        Business Advisory Committee, hearing before SubAP, 
        November 6, 1997 (The Fifth Summit of the Asia Pacific 
        Economic Cooperation Forum).
DiMare, Paul, Farmer and Owner, DiMare Homestead, Inc. (also 
        representing the Florida Tomato Exchange), hearing 
        before SubIEPT, March 5, 1997 (Report Card on NAFTA).
Dolma, Tsultrim, Victim of Religious Persecution, hearing 
        before full committee, September 10, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Doran, Charles F., Director, Canadian Studies Department, 
        School for Advanced International Studies, Johns 
        Hopkins University, hearing before SubWHEM, September 
        17, 1997 (An Overview of U.S. Policy toward Mexico and 
        Canada).
Downes, Brenda, Campaign to Ban Plastic Bullets, widow of John 
        Downes, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 (Human 
        Rights in Northern Ireland).
Dun, Stephen (Saw Thay Ler), Karen Refugee, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, April 16, 1997 (Burmese Refugees in 
        Thailand).
Eberstadt, Dr. Nicholas, Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise 
        Institute, hearing before SubAF, March 13, 1997 (Impact 
        of U.S. Development Assistance in Africa).
Edwards, Honorable Mickey, Council on Foreign Relations, 
        hearing before full committee, February 26, 1997 (New 
        Thinking on Foreign Assistance).
Elahi, Maryam, Amnesty International, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        June 24, 1997 (Human Rights in Northern Ireland).
Esserman, Susan G., General Counsel, Office of the U.S. Trade 
        Representative, hearing before SubAP and SubIEPT, June 
        18, 1997 (U.S.-Vietnam Relations).
Falcoff, Dr. Mark, Director of Latin American Studies, American 
        Enterprise Institute, hearing before SubWHEM, October 
        8, 1997 (An Overview of U.S. Policy toward South 
        America and the President's Upcoming Trip to the 
        Region).
Fandy, Mamoun, Professor of Politics, Center for Contemporary 
        Arab Studies, Georgetown University, hearing before 
        full committee, April 10, 1997 (U.S. Policy Toward 
        Egypt).
Fauriol, Dr. Georges, Director and Senior Fellow, Americas 
        Program, Center for Strategic and International 
        Studies, hearing before SubWHEM, May 14, 1997 (The 
        Caribbean: An Overview).
Fay, Michael, Project Director, Noubale-Ndoki, hearing before 
        SubAF, March 19, 1997 (Economic Development of Africa's 
        Natural Resources). Ferrara, Peter, General Counsel and 
        Chief Economist, Americans for Tax Reform, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, February 12, 1997 (The Future of the 
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)).
Fertel, Marvin, Vice President, Nuclear Energy Institute, 
        hearing before full committee, October 7, 1997 
        (Implementation of the U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation 
        Agreements: Whose Interests Are Served?).
Fiedler, Jeffrey, President, Food and Allied Service Trades 
        Dept., AFL-CIO, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 22, 1997 
        (Forced Labor in China).
Finucane, Michael, Pat Finucane Center, son of Pat Finucane 
        (deceased), hearing before SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 
        (Human Rights in Northern Ireland).
Fishlow, Dr. Albert, Senor Fellow for Intl. Economics, Council 
        on Foreign Relations, hearing before SubWHEM, March 12, 
        1997 (The Western Hemisphere Today: A Roundtable 
        Discussion).
Ford, William, President, African Development Foundation, 
        hearing before SubAF, March 13, 1997 (Impact of U.S. 
        Development Assistance in Africa).
Fox, Thomas, Vice President, World Resource Institute, hearing 
        before SubAF, March 19, 1997 (Economic Development of 
        Africa's Natural Resources).
Foxman, Abraham, National Director, Anti-Defamation League, 
        hearing before full committee, April 10, 1997 (U.S. 
        Policy Toward Egypt).
Franca, His Excellency Antonio dos Santos, Ambassador to the 
        United States, Republic of Angola, hearing before 
        SubAF, April 24, 1997 (Angola's Government of National 
        Unity).
Freedenburg, Honorable Paul, Partner, Baker and Botts and 
        former Under Secretary of Commerce, Bureau of Export 
        Administration, hearing before SubIEPT, May 13, 1997 
        (The Future of the Export Administration Act and 
        Overall Administration of Export Controls).
Freeman, Anthony, Director, International Labor Organization, 
        hearing before SubIEPT and SubIOPHR, October 22, 1997 
        (The Impact of Child Labor on Free Trade).
Fuller, William, President, Asia Foundation, hearing before 
        SubAP, September 17, 1997 (U.S. Democracy Promotion 
        Programs in Asia).
Gadbaw, Michael, Chairman of U.S.-Indonesia Business Committee, 
        U.S. ASEAN Council, hearing before SubAP, May 7, 1997 
        (U.S. Policy Toward Indonesia).
Gallucci, Ambassador Robert, Dean, School of Foreign Service, 
        Georgetown University, hearing before full committee, 
        October 7, 1997 (Implementation of the U.S.-China 
        Nuclear Cooperation Agreement: Whose Interests Are 
        Served?).
Gamarra, Dr. Eduardo A., Director, Graduate Programs, Latin 
        American and Caribbean Center, Florida International 
        University, hearing before SubWHEM, October 8, 1997 (An 
        Overview of U.S. Policy toward South America and the 
        President's Upcoming Trip to the Region).
Gemayel, Amine, Former President of Lebanon, hearing before 
        full committee, June 25, 1997 (United States Policy 
        Towards Lebanon).
George, Kevin, President, Friends of Liberia, hearing before 
        SubAF, June 24, 1997 (The Liberian Election: A New 
        Hope?).
Gershman, Carl, President, National Endowment for Democracy 
        (Invited), hearing before SubIOPHR, March 13, 1997 
        (Foreign Relations Authorization for FY 1998-99: U.S. 
        Information Agency and National Endowment for 
        Democracy).
Goldman, Merle, Professor, Boston University, Research 
        Associate, Fairbanks, Center for Asian Studies, Harvard 
        University, hearing before SubAP, April 24, 1997 (Sino-
        American Relations and U.S. Policy Options).
Goodman, Jerry, Executive Director, National Committee for 
        Labor Israel, hearing before full committee, September 
        10, 1997 (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 
        1997).
Gordon, David, Director, U.S. Program, Overseas Development 
        Council, hearing before SubIEPT, May 21, 1997 
        (Obstacles to U.S.-African Trade and Investment).
Gordon, Kathleen, Co-founder, President, Member of the Board of 
        Directors, Working Capital--Florida, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Gowan, Halya, Northern Ireland Researcher, Amnesty 
        International, hearing before SubIOPHR, October 9, 1997 
        (Human Rights and the Peace Process in Northern 
        Ireland).
Greene, Richard, (accompanying witness), hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, February 26, 1997 (Department of State 
        Management Initiatives).
Griffiths, Ann Mills, Executive Director of National League of 
        Families, hearing before SubAP and SubIEPT, June 18, 
        1997 (U.S.-Vietnam Relations).
Grinker, Dr. Roy Richard, Associate Professor of Anthropology 
        and International Relations, hearing before SubAP, 
        February 26, 1997 (Engaging the Hermit Kingdom: U.S. 
        Policy Toward North Korea).
Grossmen, Ambassador Mark, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau 
        of European and Canadian Affairs, hearing before full 
        committee, October 29, 1997 (Recent Developments in 
        Europe).
Gyari, Lodi G., President, International Campaign for Tibet, 
        hearing before full committee, September 10, 1997 
        (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 1997); 
        hearing before full committee, November 6, 1997 
        (Current Status of Negotiations Between the Tibetan 
        Government in Exile and the People's Republic of 
        China).
Haar, Jerry, Senior Research Associate, North-South Center, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, September 16, 1997 (Fast Track: 
        On Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?).
Hall, Julia, Human Rights Watch, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 
        24, 1997 (Human Rights in Northern Ireland); hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, October 9, 1997 (Human Rights and the 
        Peace Process in Northern Ireland).
Hall, Robert, Vice President and International Trade Counsel, 
        National Retail Federation, hearing before SubIEPT and 
        SubIOPHR, October 22, 1997 (The Impact of Child Labor 
        on Free Trade).
Harkin, Honorable Ruth, Chief Executive Officer, Overseas 
        Private Investment Corporation, hearing before SubIEPT, 
        March 18, 1997 (Review of the Overseas Private 
        Investment Corporation--Authorize, Privatize, Reform, 
        or Terminate?).
Harris, Tex, Secretary, American Foreign Service Association, 
        hearing before full committee, July 17, 1997 (Inspector 
        General's Oversight of the Department of State and 
        Agency for International Development).
Herskovits, Jean, Professor, State University of New York at 
        Purchase, hearing before SubAF, September 18, 1997 
        (United States Policy Toward Nigeria).
Heymann, David, Director, Division of Emerging and Other 
        Communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, 
        hearing before full committee, July 30, 1997 (The 
        Threat to the U.S. from Emerging Infectious Diseases).
Hillen, John, Defense and Foreign Policy Analyst, Heritage 
        Foundation, hearing before full committee, April 9, 
        1997 (Does U.N. Peacekeeping Service U.S. Interests?).
Hodel, Donald, President, Christian Coalition, hearing before 
        full committee, September 10, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Homer, Lauren, President, Law and Liberty Trust, hearing before 
        full committee, September 10, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Inderfurth, Honorable Karl F., Assistant Secretary of State, 
        Bureau of South Asian Affairs, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        October 22, 1997 (The Clinton Administration's Policy 
        Toward South Asia).
Jainarain, Charles, Director, Summit of the Americas Center, 
        Florida International University, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, July 9, 1997 (Fast Track, NAFTA, MERCOSUR, and 
        Beyond: Does the Road Lead to a Future Free Trade Area 
        of the Americas?).
Jantio, Roger, Managing Director, Sterling International Group, 
        Inc., hearing before SubIEPT, May 21, 1997 (Obstacles 
        to U.S.-African Trade and Investment).
Jasinowski, Jerry, President, National Association of 
        Manufacturers, hearing before full committee, July 24, 
        1997 (Global Climate Negotiations: Obligations of 
        Developed & Developing Countries).
John, Atilio Okot, Victim of Religious Persecution, hearing 
        before full committee, September 10, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Johnson, Harold J., Associate Director, International Relations 
        and Trade Issues, General Accounting Office, hearing 
        before full committee, April 9, 1997 (Does U.N. 
        Peacekeeping Serve U.S. Interests?).
Johnson, Joel, Vice President, Aerospace Industries 
        Association, hearing before SubIEPT, May 13, 1997 (The 
        Future of the Export Administration Act and Overall 
        Administration of Export Controls).
Johnston, Honorable Bennett, (Former U.S. Senator), President, 
        .S. Pacific Economic Cooperation Council, hearing 
        before SubAP, November 6, 1997 (The Fifth Summit of the 
        Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum).
Jones, Mohamedu, Vice-Chair, Liberians United for Peace and 
        Democracy, hearing before SubAF, June 24, 1997 (The 
        Liberian Election: A New Hope?).
Jones, Sidney R., Executive Director of Human Rights Watch/
        Asia, hearing before SubAP, May 7, 1997 (U.S. Policy 
        Toward Indonesia); hearing before SubAP, September 17, 
        1997 (U.S. Democracy Promotion Programs in Asia).
Kalala, Alafuele, President, Rally for a New Society, hearing 
        before SubAF, April 8, 1997 (Zaire: Collapse of an 
        African Giant?).
Keller, Allen, M.D., Physicians for Human Rights, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, October 28, 1997 (U.S./China Relations 
        and Human Rights: Is Constructive Engagement Working?).
Kelly, James, father of Sean Kelly, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        June 24, 1997 (Human Rights in Northern Ireland).
Kerina, Kekuna, Program Coordinator, Africa, Committee to 
        Protect Journalists, hearing before SubAF and SubIOPHR, 
        July 15, 1997 (The Impact of Radio on African 
        Democracy).
Khorshidi, Ayatollah Dr. Mehdi Haeri, Iranian National 
        Conference, hearing before full committee, July 23, 
        1997 (Iran Libya Sanctions Act--One Year Later).
Kipkorir, H. E. Benjamin Edgar, Ambassador E. And P., Embassy 
        of the Republic of Kenya, hearing before SubAF, July 
        30, 1997 (Kenya's Election Crisis).
Kleckner, Dean, President, American Farm Bureau Federation, 
        hearing before full committee, July 24, 1997 (Global 
        Climate Negotiations: Obligations of Developed & 
        Developing Countries).
Kohr, Howard, Executive Director, American Israel Public 
        Affairs Committee, hearing before full committee, March 
        13, 1997 (Foreign Assistance and U.S. Foreign Policy).
Kumar, T., Advocacy Director for Asia, Amnesty International/
        USA, hearing before SubIOPHR, October 28, 1997 (U.S./
        China Relations and Human Rights: Is Constructive 
        Engagement Working?).
Lancaster, Carol, Assistant Professor, School of Foreign 
        Service, Georgetown University, hearing before full 
        committee, February 26, 1997 (New Thinking on Foreign 
        Assistance); hearing before SubAF, March 13, 1997 
        (Impact of U.S. Development Assistance in Africa).
Land, Dr. Richard D., President, Ethics and Religious Liberty 
        Commission, Southern Baptist Convention, hearing before 
        full committee, September 10, 1997 (Freedom from 
        Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Lane, Gary, Senior Correspondent, Christian Broadcasting 
        Network, hearing before SubIOPHR, April 16, 1997 
        (Burmese Refugees in Thailand).
Leaning, Dr. Jennifer, Consultant, Physicians for Human Rights, 
        hearing before full committee, July 16, 1997 (The 
        Democratic Republic of Congo: Problems and Prospects).
Lee, Thea, Assistant Director of Public Policy, AFL-CIO, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, July 9, 1997 (Fast Track, 
        NAFTA, MERCOSUR, and Beyond: Does the Road Lead to a 
        Future Free Trade Area of the Americas?); hearing 
        before SubIEPT, September 16, 1997 (Fast Track: On 
        Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?).
Leventhal, Paul, President, Nuclear Control Institute, hearing 
        before full committee, October 7, 1997 (Implementation 
        of the U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement: Whose 
        Interests Are Served?).
Levy, Peter, President, Labelon/Noesting Company, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, May 22, 1997 (Forced Labor in China).
Lilley, Honorable James R., Director, Institute for Global 
        Chinese Affairs, University of Maryland, hearing before 
        SubAP, February 26, 1997 (Engaging the Hermit Kingdom: 
        U.S. Policy Toward North Korea).
Lissouva, H. E. Pascal, President, Republic of the Congo, 
        hearing before full committee, November 5, 1997 
        (Soldiers Without Borders: Crisis in Central Africa).
Livingstone, Stephen, Department of Law, University of 
        Nottingham, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 
        (Human Rights in Northern Ireland).
Lowenthal, Abraham F., President, Pacific Council on 
        International Policy, hearing before SubWHEM, March 12, 
        1997 (The Western Hemisphere Today: A Roundtable 
        Discussion).
Lubin, Nancy, hearing before SubAP, March 5, 1997 (AID 
        Activities in Asia and the Central Asian Republics).
Lucas, C. Payne, President, Africare, hearing before full 
        committee, March 13, 1997 (Foreign Assistance and U.S. 
        Foreign Policy).
Luttwack, Edward, Senior Fellow, Center for Strategic and 
        International Studies, hearing before full committee, 
        November 6, 1997 (Current Status of Negotiations 
        Between the Tibetan Government in Exile and the 
        People's Republic of China).
Manatos, Andrew, President, Manatos and Manatos, hearing before 
        full committee, March 13, 1997 (Foreign Assistance and 
        U.S. Foreign Policy).
Manning, Dr. Robert A., Senior Fellow, Progressive Policy 
        Institute, hearing before SubAP, February 26, 1997 
        (Engaging the Hermit Kingdom: U.S. Policy Toward North 
        Korea).
Marks, John, President, Search for Common Ground, hearing 
        before SubAF and SubIOPHR, July 15, 1997 (The Impact of 
        Radio on African Democracy).
Maron, Michael, Journalist/Author, hearing before SubAF, March 
        13, 1997 (Impact of U.S. Development Assistance in 
        Africa).
Martone, Gerald, Director of Emergency Response, International 
        Rescue Committee, hearing before SubAF, April 8, 1997 
        (Zaire: Collapse of an African Giant?).
Massimino, Elisa, Acting Director, Washington Office, Lawyer's 
        Committee for Human Rights, hearing before full 
        committee, January 31, 1997 (Country Reports on Human 
        Rights Practices for 1996); hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        October 9, 1997 (Human Rights and the Peace Process in 
        Northern Ireland).
McCloskey, Peter S., President, Electronic Industries 
        Association, hearing before SubIEPT, May 13, 1997 (The 
        Future of the Export Administration Act and Overall 
        Administration of Export Controls).
McManus, Father Sean, President, Irish National Caucus, Inc., 
        hearing before full committee, March 13, 1997 (Foreign 
        Assistance and U.S. Foreign Policy).
Mengebier, David, Executive Director, Federal Government 
        Affairs, CMS Energy, hearing before SubAF, March 19, 
        1997 (Economic Development of Africa's Natural 
        Resources).
Metz, Dr. Steven, Military Researcher, Carlisle, PA, hearing 
        before SubAF, October 8, 1997 (The Africa Crisis 
        Response Initiative).
Miller, Sara, Editor, Petroleum Intelligence Weekly, hearing 
        before full committee, July 23, 1997 (Iran Libya 
        Sanctions Act--One Year Later).
Nassif, Daniel, Washington Representative, Council of Lebanese-
        American Organizations, hearing before full committee, 
        June 25, 1997 (United States Policy Towards Lebanon).
Natsios, Andrew, Executive Director, Relief and Development, 
        World Vision, hearing before full committee, March 13, 
        1997 (Foreign Assistance and U.S. Foreign Policy).
Neuhaus, Rev. Richard John, Director, Institute on Religion and 
        Public Life, hearing before full committee, September 
        10, 1997 (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 
        1997).
Newton, Elveton, Garden of Eden Lawn Ministries, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Obioha, Chief Ralph, NADECO USA/Canada, hearing before SubAF, 
        September 18, 1997 (United States Policy Toward 
        Nigeria).
O'Brien, Martin, Executive Director, Committee for the 
        Administration of Justice, Belfast, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 (Human Rights in Northern 
        Ireland); hearing before SubIOPHR, October 9, 1997 
        (Human Rights and the Peace Process in Northern 
        Ireland).
O'Keefe, Thomas, President, MERCOSUR Consulting Group, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, July 9, 1997 (Fast Track, NAFTA, 
        MERCOSUR, and Beyond: Does the Road Lead to a Future 
        Free Trade Area of the Americas?).
Oksenberg, Michel, Senior Fellow, Asia-Pacific Research Center, 
        Stanford University, hearing before SubAP, February 13, 
        1997 (Hong Kong's Reversion to the People's Republic of 
        China).
Ott, Dr. Marvin, Professor of National Security, National War 
        College, National Defense University, hearing before 
        SubAP, July 16, 1997 (Familiar Ground: The Breakdown of 
        Democracy in Cambodia and Implications for U.S. Foreign 
        Policy).
Ottaway, Dr. Marina, Adjunct Professor, School of Advanced 
        International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 
        hearing before full committee, July 16, 1997 (The 
        Democratic Republic of the Congo: Problems and 
        Prospects).
Owiny, Andrew N. O., Senior Vice President, International 
        Finance, Pryor, McClendon, Counts and Company, hearing 
        before SubAF, June 18, 1997 (Africa's Emerging Capital 
        Markets).
Paemen, His Excellency Hugo, Ambassador to the U.S. for the 
        European Union Delegation of the European Commission, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, June 4, 1997 (The Future of 
        U.S.-European Trade Relations).
Paglione, Mary, National President, Ladies' Ancient Order of 
        Hibernians, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 
        (Human Rights in Northern Ireland).
Parenty, Tom, Director of Security, Sybase Corporation, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, May 8, 1997 (Encryption: Individual 
        Right to Privacy vs. National Security).
Parker, A. Rani, hearing before SubAP, March 5, 1997 (AID 
        Activities in Asia and the Central Asian Republics).
Perry, Dr. William, President, Institute for the Study of the 
        Americas, hearing before SubWHEM, March 12, 1997 (The 
        Western Hemisphere Today: A Roundtable Discussion); 
        hearing before SubWHEM, October 8, 1997 (An Overview of 
        U.S. Policy toward South America and the President's 
        Upcoming Trip to the Region); hearing before SubAP, 
        November 6, 1997 (Fast Track: The Debate Continues).
Pipes, Daniel, Editor, Middle East Quarterly, hearing before 
        full committee, June 25, 1997 (United States Policy 
        Towards Lebanon).
Polanen, Humphrey P., General Manager, Network Security 
        Products Group, Sun Microsystems (Accompanied by Mr. 
        John Gage, Director, Science Office), hearing before 
        SubIEPT, May 8, 1997 (Encryption: Individual Right to 
        Privacy vs. National Security).
Posner, Michael, Lawyer's Committee for Human Rights, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 (Human Rights in 
        Northern Ireland).
Potter, Edward E., Esq., on behalf of the U.S. Council for 
        International Business, hearing before SubIEPT and 
        SubIOPHR, October 22, 1997 (The Impact of Child Labor 
        on Free Trade).
Powers, Linda, Senior Vice President, Global Finance, Enron 
        International (Representing the Coalition for 
        Employment through Exports, the Foreign Trade Council, 
        and the International Energy Development Council), 
        hearing before SubIEPT, March 18, 1997 (Review of the 
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation--Authorize, 
        Privatize, Reform, or Terminate?).
Predieri, Anne H., Director, Project Finance Group, NationsBanc 
        Capital Markets, Inc. (On behalf of the National 
        Foreign Trade Council), hearing before SubIEPT, 
        February 12, 1997 (The Future of the Overseas Private 
        Investment Corporation (OPIC)).
Preeg, Honorable Ernest, William M. Scholl Chair in 
        International Business, Center for Strategic and 
        International Studies, hearing before SubIEPT, March 
        19, 1997 (Interfering With U.S. National Security 
        Interests: The World Trade Organization and the 
        European Challenge to the Helms-Burton Bill).
Pryce, Honorable William, Vice President, Washington Office, 
        Council of the Americas, hearing before SubWHEM, March 
        12, 1997 (The Western Hemisphere Today: A Roundtable 
        Discussion); hearing before SubIEPT, September 16, 1997 
        (Fast Track: On Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?).
Przystup, Dr. James, Director, Asian Studies Center, The 
        Heritage Foundation, hearing before SubAP, April 24, 
        1997 (Sino-American Relations and U.S. Policy Options).
Pyne, Soe, Director, National Coalition Government of the Union 
        of Burma, hearing before SubIOPHR, April 16, 1997 
        (Burmese Refugees in Thailand).
Rasco, Ramon, President and Partner, Rasco, Reininger, and 
        Perez, hearing before SubIEPT, July 9, 1997 (Fast 
        Track, NAFTA, MERCOSUR, and Beyond: Does the Road Lead 
        to a Future Free Trade Area of the Americas?).
Ricard, Bishop John, President and Chairman, Catholic Relief 
        Services, hearing before full committees, March 13, 
        1997 (Foreign Assistance and U.S. Foreign Policy).
Richter, Richard, President, Radio Free America, hearing before 
        SubAP, September 17, 1997 (U.S. Democracy Promotion 
        Programs in Asia).
Rickard, Stephen, Director, Washington Office, Amnesty 
        International, hearing before full committee, January 
        31, 1997 (Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 
        1996); hearing before full committee, September 10, 
        1997 (Freedom from Religious Persecution Act of 1997).
Rihoy, Liz, Director, African Resources Trust, hearing before 
        SubAF, March 19, 1997 (Economic Development of Africa's 
        Natural Resources).
Roett, Dr. Riordan, Director, Latin American Studies, Johns 
        Hopkins School of Advanced Intl. Studies, hearing 
        before SubWHEM, March 12, 1997 (The Western Hemisphere 
        Today: A Roundtable Discussion).
Ruvin, Harvey, Metropolitan Dade County Clerk, hearing before 
        full committee, July 24, 1997 (Global Climate 
        Negotiations: Obligations of Developed & Developing 
        Countries).
Ryscavage, Rev. Richard, S. J., National Director, Jesuit 
        Refugee Service, hearing before SubIOPHR, April 16, 
        1997 (Burmese Refugees in Thailand).
Samuels, Honorable Michael A., President of Samuels 
        International, Inc., hearing before SubAP and SubIEPT, 
        June 18, 1997 (U.S.-Vietnam Relations).
Sanchez, Ignacio (Esq.), Partner, Kelley, Drye, and Warren, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, March 19, 1997 (Interfering 
        With U.S. National Security Interests: The World Trade 
        Organization and the European Union Challenge to the 
        Helms-Burton Bill).
Satloff, Robert, Executive Director, The Washington Institute 
        for Near East Policy, hearing before full committee, 
        April 10, 1997 (U.S. Policy Toward Egypt).
Savage, Frank, Chairman, Alliance Capital Management 
        International, hearing before SubAF, June 18, 1997 
        (Africa's Emerging Capital Markets).
Schatz, Thomas A., President, Citizens Against Government 
        Waste, hearing before SubIEPT, March 18, 1997 (Review 
        of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation--
        Authorize, Privatize, Reform, or Terminate?).
Schott, Jeffrey J., Senior Fellow, Institute for International 
        Economics, hearing before full committee, July 23, 1997 
        (Iran Libya Sanctions Act--One Year Later).
Schwarz, Adam, Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced 
        International Studies, hearing before SubAP and 
        SubIEPT, June 18, 1997 (U.S.-Vietnam Relations).
Shea, Nina, Director of Religious Programs, Freedom House, 
        hearing before full committee, January 31, 1997 
        (Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1996); 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, October 28, 1997 (U.S./China 
        Relations and Human Rights: Is Constructive Engagement 
        Working?).
Shelley, Dr. Louise, Professor, Department of Justice, Law and 
        Society at School of International Service, The 
        American University, hearing before full committee, 
        October 1, 1997 (The Threat from International 
        Organized Crime and Global Terrorism).
Shengqi, Fu, Former Chinese prisoner and dissident, hearing 
        before IOHR, May 22, 1997 (Forced Labor in China).
Shieh, Maranda Yen, Associate, The Laogai Research Foundation, 
        hearing before Sub IOHR, May 22, 1997 (Forced Labor in 
        China).
Shifter, Dr. Michael, Program Director, Inter-American 
        Dialogue, hearing before SubWHEM, June 25, 1997 (A 
        Review of Issues in Central America).
Silk, James, Director, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial, Center for 
        Human Rights, hearing before SubAF, July 30, 1997 
        (Kenya's Election Crisis).
Siv, Sichan, Financial Advisor, Prudential Securities, Former 
        Deputy Assistant to the President, Former Deputy 
        Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs, 
        hearing before SubAP, July 16, 1997 (Familiar Ground: 
        The Breakdown of Democracy in Cambodia and Implications 
        for U.S. Foreign Policy).
Skol, Honorable Michael, Senior Vice President, Diplomatic 
        Resolutions, Inc., hearing before SubWHEM, March 12, 
        1997 (The Western Hemisphere Today: A Roundtable 
        Discussion).
Smith, David, Director of Public Policy, AFL-CIO, hearing 
        before full committee, July 24, 1997 (Global Climate 
        Negotiations: Obligations of Developed & Developing 
        Countries).
Smith, Dr. Gordon, Advisor to the President of the University 
        of Victoria, hearing before SubWHEM, September 17, 1997 
        (An Overview of U.S. Policy toward Mexico and Canada).
Solarz, Honorable Stephen, Council on Foreign Relations, 
        hearing before full committee, February 26, 1997 (New 
        Thinking on Foreign Assistance).
Sperling, Dr. Elliot, Professor of Central Eurasian Studies, 
        Indiana University at Bloomington, hearing before full 
        committee, November 6, 1997 (Current Status of 
        Negotiations Between the Tibetan Government in Exile 
        and the People's Republic of China).
Stern, Honorable Paula, President, The Stern Group, Inc. and 
        U.S. Working Group Chair, Transatlantic Committee on 
        Standards, Certification, and Regulatory Policy, 
        Transatlantic Business Dialogue, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, September 10, 1997 (The Transatlantic 
        Initiative: Opportunities and Prospects).
Stork, Joseph, Advocacy Director for Middle East Human Rights 
        Watch, hearing before full committee, April 10, 1997 
        (U.S. Policy Toward Egypt).
Stout, Anna, Executive Vice President, American League for 
        Exports and Security Assistance, hearing before full 
        committee, March 13, 1997 (Foreign Assistance and U.S. 
        Foreign Policy).
Sweeney, John, Policy Analyst for Latin America, The Heritage 
        Foundation, hearing before SubIEPT, July 9, 1997 (Fast 
        Track, NAFTA, MERCOSUR, and Beyond: Does the Road Lead 
        to a Future Free Trade Area of the Americas?).
Taft, Julia, President, InterAction, hearing before full 
        committee, February 26, 1997 (New Thinking on Foreign 
        Assistance).
Talukdar, Mannan, Senior Officer, Grameen Bank, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Tanous, Peter, Founding Chairman, American Task Force for 
        Lebanon, hearing before full committee, June 25, 1997 
        (United States Policy Towards Lebanon).
Taubenblatt, Sy, Senior Executive Representative, Bechtel 
        Corp., hearing before full committee, March 13, 1997 
        (Foreign Assistance and U.S. Foreign Policy).
Taylor, R.J., Director, Florida Farmers and Suppliers 
        Coalition, hearing before SubIEPT and SubIOPHR, October 
        22, 1997 (The Impact of Child Labor on Free Trade).
Thornburgh, Honorable Dick, Counsel, Kirkpatrick & Lockhart, 
        LLP, hearing before SubAP, February 13, 1997 (Hong 
        Kong's Reversion to the People's Republic of China).
Tong, Shen, President, Democracy for China Fund, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, October 28, 1997 (U.S./China Relations and 
        Human Rights: Is Constructive Engagement Working?).
Tulchin, Dr. Joseph, Director, Latin America Program, Woodrow 
        Wilson Intl. Center for Scholars, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, March 12, 1997 (The Western Hemisphere Today: 
        A Roundtable Discussion).
Uighur, Rizvangul, Uyghur Refugee, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        October 28, 1997 (U.S./China Relations and Human 
        Rights: Is Constructive Engagement Working?).
vanderMensbrugghe, Dr. Dominique, Senior Economist, OECD 
        Development Center, hearing before SubIEPT, June 4, 
        1997 (The Future of U.S.-European Trade Relations).
Van Soest, Marcel, Head of Humanitarian Affairs Department, 
        Doctors Without Borders--Belgium, hearing before full 
        committee, November 5, 1997 (Soldiers Without Borders: 
        Crisis in Central Africa).
Walker, Stephen T., President, CEO, Chairman of the Board, 
        Director, Trusted Information Systems, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, May 8, 1997 (Encryption: Individual Right to 
        Privacy vs. National Security).
Wallace, Ed, National President, Ancient Order of Hibernians, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, June 24, 1997 (Human Rights in 
        Northern Ireland).
Weeks, Jennifer, Executive Director, Project on Managing the 
        Atom, J.F.K. School of Government, Harvard University, 
        hearing before full committee, October 7, 1997 
        (Implementation of the U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation 
        Agreement: Whose Interests Are Served?).
Winter, Jane, Director, British Irish Rights Watch, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, October 9, 1997 (Human Rights and the 
        Peace Process in Northern Ireland).
Wolfowitz, Dr. Paul, Dean of The Paul Nitze School of Advanced 
        International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 
        hearing before SubAP, May 7, 1997 (U.S. Policy Toward 
        Indonesia).
Woodned, Gregory, International Economic Advisor, AFL-CIO, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, September 16, 1997 (Fast Track: 
        On Course or Derailed? Necessary or Not?).
Woods, James L., Vice President, Cohen & Woods International, 
        Inc., hearing before full committee, July 16, 1997 (The 
        Democratic Republic of Congo: Problems and Prospects).
Workman, Willard, Vice President, International Division, U.S. 
        Chamber of Commerce, hearing before SubIEPT, March 5, 
        1997 (Report Card on NAFTA); hearing before SubIEPT, 
        November 6, 1997 (Fast Track: The Debate Continues).
Wu, Harry, Executive Director, The Laogai Research Foundation, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, May 22, 1997 (Forced Labor in 
        China); hearing before SubIOPHR, October 28, 1997 
        (U.S./China Relations and Human Rights: Is Constructive 
        Engagement Working?).
Yanovich, Lawrence, Co-Chair Microenterprise Coalition, and 
        Director of Policy and Research, Foundation for 
        International Community Assistance (FINCA), hearing 
        before SubIEPT, July 23, 1997 (Microcredit and 
        Microenterprise: The Road to Self-Reliance).
Zartman, Prof. I. William, Chairman, Africa Studies Department, 
        Johns Hopkins University--School of Advanced 
        International Studies, hearing before SubAF, April 8, 
        1997 (Zaire: Collapse of an African Giant?).

    D. Foreign Dignitaries and U.S. Officials received in the 105th 
Congress by the House Committee on International Relations for informal 
                        Committee meetings--1997

Ambassadors from the Western Hemisphere--7/31/97
Armenia--2/26/97 H.E. Alexander Arzoumanian, Foreign Minister
Australia--7/15/97 H. Bob Halverson EBE MP, Speaker of the 
        Australian House of Representatives, Senator Bruce 
        Childs, Rep. Janice Crosio OBE MP, Senator Jeannie 
        Ferris, Rep. Christopher Pyne MP, Rep. Wilson Tuckey 
        MP, Sen John Woodley
Azerbaijan--7/30/97 H.E. Heydar Aliyev, President
Bangladesh--2/4/97 H.E. Sheikh Hasina Wazed, Prime Minister
Cambodia--7/11/97 H.R.H. Prince Norodom Ranariddh, First Prime 
        Minister
Colombia--9/30/97 H.E. Maria Emma Mejia, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs
Cyprus--10/29/97 Rauf Denktash, Cypriot leader
Democratic Republic of Congo--7/11/97 H.E. Bizima Karaha, 
        Foreign Minister
East Timor--6/18/97 Bishop Carlos Ximenes Belo, S.C.B., 1997 
        Nobel Peace Prize winner
Egypt--3/6/97 H.E. Amr Moussa, Foreign Minister; 3/11/97 H.E. 
        Hosni Mubarak, President; 7/8/97 Dr. Ahmed Fathi 
        Sorour, Speaker of the Egyptian People's Assembly
European Union--7/24/97 H.E. Alphonse Berns, Ambassador of 
        Luxembourg, H.E. Hugo Paemen, Head of the Delegation of 
        the European Commission
Georgia--3/12/97 Honorable Zurab Zhvania, Chairman of the 
        Parliament; 7/17/97 H.E. Eduard Schevardnadze, 
        President
Hong Kong--4/9/97 Honorable Martin C.M. Lee, Chairman of the 
        Democratic Party; 9/10/97 Mr. Tung Chee Hwa, Chief 
        Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative 
        Region (HKSAR)
India--6/24/97 H.E. Saleem Iqbal Sherwani, Minister of State 
        for External Affairs
Ireland/Northern Ireland--9/4/97 Mr. Gerry Adams, MP, Mr. 
        Martin McGuinnes, MP, Mr. Caoimhghin O Caolain, TD; 9/
        23/97 H.E. Ray Burke, TD, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Israel--11/5/97 H.E. Yitzhak Mordechai, Minister of Defense
Korea--4/9/97 Honorable Dr. Kim Dae-jung, President of the 
        National Congress for New Politics; 6/11/97 Delegation 
        of Senior Members of the National Assembly of Korea
Kuwait--9/17/97 Delegation of Members or Parliament
Kyrgyzistan (Kyrgyz Republic)--7/15/97 H.E. Askar Akaev, 
        President
Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia--6/19/97 H.E. Kiro 
        Gligorov, President
Mali--2/4/97 H.E. Alpha Oumar Konare, President
Nicaragua--6/24/97 H.E. Arnoldo Aleman, President
Northern Ireland--10/7/97 Honorable David Trimble, MP, leader 
        of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)
Pakistan--5/20/97 H.E. Gohar Ayub Khan, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs
Palestinian Authority--6/5/97 Faisal Al Husseini, Minister 
        Without Portfolio in the Palestine Authority; 10/23/97 
        Jibril Rajoub, Chief of Preventive Security
Poland--2/12/98 Honorable Jozef Zych, Speaker of the Parliament
Qatar--4/29/97 H.E. Sheikh Hamad Bin Jasim bin Jabir Al-Thani, 
        Minister of Foreign Affairs; 6/12/97 H.H. Sheikh Hamad 
        bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir
Romania--4/23/97 H.E. Adrian Severin, Foreign Minister
Russian Federation--2/6/97 Delegation from the State Duma (Mr. 
        Alexander Shokhin, First Deputy Chairman of the Duma, 
        Mr. Vladimir Lukin, the Chairman of the Defense 
        Committee, Mr. Lev Rokhlin, other committee chairmen 
        from the Duma
Slovenia--5/6/97 H.E. Janez Drnovsek, Prime Minister
Thailand--9/26/97 H.E. Prachaub Chaiyasan, Foreign Minister
Tunisia--5/22/97 H.E. Habib Ben Yahia, Minister of Defense
Turkey--9/9/97 Honorable Mustafa Kalemi, Speaker of the Turkish 
        Grand National Assembly (TGNA)
Uganda--2/5/97 H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President; 9/24/97 
        H.E. Eriya Katagaya, First Deputy Prime Minister and 
        Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ukraine--5/15/97 H.E. Leonid Kuchma, President of the Ukraine
Venezuela--9/16/97 Multiparty delegation of leaders from 
        Chamber of Deputies
Yemen--10/8/97 H.E. Dr. Abd al-Iryani, Foreign Minister

                    E. Congressional Witnesses--1998

Coverdell, Honorable Paul, United States Senator, hearing 
        before full committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 
        10,000 Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Dodd, Honorable Christopher, United States Senator, hearing 
        before full committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 
        10,000 Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Farr, Honorable Sam, Member of Congress, hearing before full 
        committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 10,000 
        Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Hall, Honorable Tony, Member of Congress, hearing before full 
        committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 10,000 
        Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Knollenberg, Honorable Joseph, Member of Congress, hearing 
        before full committee, May 13, 1998 (The Kyoto 
        Protocol: Problems with U.S. Sovereignty and the Lack 
        of Developing Country Participation).
Petri, Honorable Thomas, Member of Congress, hearing before 
        full committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 10,000 
        Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Portman, Honorable Rob, Member of Congress, hearing before full 
        committee, March 4, 1998 (The Tropical Forest 
        Protection Act, H.R. 2870).
Shays, Honorable Christopher, Member of Congress, hearing 
        before full committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 
        10,000 Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Smith, Honorable Linda, Member of Congress, hearing before full 
        committee, June 4, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on Government Reform and Oversight: The Sale 
        of Body Parts by the People's Republic of China).
Walsh, Honorable James, Member of Congress, hearing before full 
        committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 10,000 
        Volunteers by the Year 2000).

                  F. Executive Branch Witnesses--1998

Aaron, Honorable David, Undersecretary for International Trade, 
        U.S. Department of Commerce, hearing before SubAP, June 
        18, 1998 (India-Pakistan Nuclear Proliferation); 
        Undersecretary of Commerce, International Trade 
        Administration, hearing before SubIEPT, July 22, 1998 
        (The U.S. and its Trade Deficit: Restoring the 
        Balance).
Albright, Honorable Madeleine K., Secretary of State, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        February 12, 1998 (The President's FY 1999 
        International Affairs Budget Request).
Atwood, Honorable J. Brian, Administrator, U.S. Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before full 
        committee, March 5, 1998 (The President's Foreign 
        Assistance Budget Request for FY 1999).
Barker, John, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Controls, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        June 18, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the Committee on 
        National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of 
        Satellites to China--Administration Witnesses); hearing 
        before full committee, June 23, 1998 (Continuation of 
        Joint Hearing with the Committee on National Security: 
        U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of Satellites to 
        China--Administration Witnesses).
Beers, Honorable Randy, Acting Assistant Secretary of State, 
        Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement 
        Affairs, hearing before full committee, March 31, 1998 
        (U.S. Counter-Narcotics Policy Towards Colombia).
Brazael, Honorable Aurelia, Deputy Assistant Secretary for East 
        Asia and the Pacific, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAP, June 4, 1998 (U.S. Policy Options Toward 
        Indonesia: What We Can Expect; How We Can Help).
Brown, Honorable Richard, Director of the Office of Economic 
        Policy and Summit Coordination, Bureau of Inter-
        American Affairs, Department of State, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, April 29, 1998 (Trade In the Americas: Beyond 
        the Santiago Summit).
Campbell, Kurt, Deputy Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of 
        Defense, hearing before SubAP, May 14, 1998 (The 
        Direction of U.S.-Taiwan Relations); hearing before 
        SubAP, May 20, 1998 (U.S.-Taiwan Relations).
Carson, Honorable Johnnie, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary 
        for African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAF, June 11, 1998 (Reconstructing Sierra 
        Leone).
Chaves, Mary, Director, International Debt Policy, U.S. 
        Department of the Treasury, hearing before full 
        committee, March 4, 1998 (The Tropical Forest 
        Protection Act, H.R. 2870).
Einhorn, Robert, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Non-
        Proliferation, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, 
        Department of State, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 
        4, 1998 (Implementation of the U.S.-China Nuclear 
        Cooperation Agreement; Consideration of a Motion to Go 
        into Executive Session); hearing before SubAP, June 18, 
        1998 (India-Pakistan Nuclear Proliferation).
Eizenstat, Honorable Stuart, Under Secretary for Economic, 
        Business, and Agricultural Affairs, U.S. Department of 
        State, hearing before SubIEPT, February 4, 1998 
        (Financial Crisis in Asia); hearing before full 
        committee, May 13, 1998 (The Kyoto Protocol: Problems 
        with U.S. Sovereignty and the Lack of Developing 
        Country Participation); hearing before full committee, 
        June 3, 1998 (How Sanctions Can Affect U.S. Policy 
        Interests).
Esserman, Honorable Susan G., General Counsel, United States 
        Trade Representative, hearing before SubIEPT, March 30, 
        1998 (WTO--Dispute Settlement Body).
Fox, Thomas, Assistant Administrator, Policy and Planning 
        Bureau, Agency for International Development, hearing 
        before full committee, March 4, 1998 (The Tropical 
        Forest Protection Act, H.R. 2870).
Gee, Honorable Robert W., Assistant Secretary for Policy, U.S. 
        Department of Energy, hearing before SubAP, February 
        12, 1998 (U.S. Interests in the Central Asian 
        Republics).
Gelbard, Ambassador Robert, Special Representative of the 
        President and the Secretary of State for Implementation 
        of the Dayton Peace Accords, Department of State, 
        hearing before full committee, March 12, 1998 
        (Prospects for Implementation of Dayton Agreements and 
        the New NATO Mission in Bosnia); hearing before full 
        committee, July 23, 1998 (Kosovo--Current Situation and 
        Future Options).
Hinton, Henry L., Assistant Comptroller General, National 
        Security and International Affairs, General Accounting 
        Office, hearing before full committee, February 26, 
        1998 (U.S. Narcotics Policy Toward Columbia).
Holum, Honorable John, Acting Under Secretary for Political 
        Affairs, Department of State, hearing before full 
        committee, June 18, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding 
        the Export of Satellites to China--Administration 
        Witnesses); hearing before full committee, June 23, 
        1998 (Continuation of Joint Hearing with the Committee 
        on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export 
        of Satellites to China--Administration Witnesses).
Horn, Michael, Chief of Foreign Operations, Drug Enforcement 
        Administration, hearing before SubAF, July 15, 1998 
        (Combating International Crime in Africa).
Inderfurth, Honorable Karl F., Assistant Secretary of State for 
        South Asian Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAP, June 18, 1998 (India-Pakistan Nuclear 
        Proliferation).
Indyk, Honorable Martin, Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern 
        Affairs, Department of State, hearing before full 
        committee, March 10, 1998 (Developments in the Middle 
        East); hearing before full committee, July 29, 1998 
        (Recent Developments in the Middle East).
Kartman, Honorable Charles, Principal Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        June 17, 1998 (A Worldwide Review of the Clinton 
        Administration's POW/MIA Policies and Programs).
Kneir, Tom, Deputy Assistant Director of the Criminal 
        Investigation Division, Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation, hearing before full committee, June 24, 
        1998 (Colombian Heroin Crisis); hearing before SubAF, 
        July 15, 1998 (Combating International Crime in 
        Africa).
Kramer, Honorable Franklin D., Assistant Secretary of Defense 
        for International Security Affairs, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, July 24, 1998 (Human Rights in Indonesia--Day 
        2).
Lange, Howard, Director, Office of Chinese and Mongolian 
        Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing before full 
        committee, June 16, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on Government Reform and Oversight: The Sale 
        of Body Parts by the People's Republic of China, Part 
        II).
Larson, Honorable Alan, Assistant Secretary for Economic and 
        Business Affairs, Department of State, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 5, 1998 (Multilateral Agreement on 
        Investment: Win, Lose or Draw for the U.S.?); hearing 
        before SubIEPT, March 30, 1998 (WTO--Dispute Settlement 
        Body).
Lauder, John, Director, The Nonproliferation Center, Central 
        Intelligence Agency, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 
        4, 1998 (Implementation of the U.S.-China Nuclear 
        Cooperation Agreement; Consideration of a Motion to Go 
        into Executive Session).
Lehman, Honorable Bruce, Assistant Secretary and Commissioner 
        of Patents and Trademarks, Department of Commerce, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, May 21, 1998 (Intellectual 
        Property Rights: The Music and Film Industry).
Lodal, Honorable Jan, Principal Deputy Undersecretary for 
        Policy, Department of Defense, hearing before full 
        committee, June 18, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding 
        the Export of Satellites to China--Administration 
        Witnesses); hearing before full committee, June 23, 
        1998 (Continuation of Joint Hearing with the Committee 
        on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export 
        of Satellites to China--Administration Witnesses).
Majack, Honorable Roger, Assistant Secretary for Export 
        Administration, hearing before full committee, June 18, 
        1998 (Joint Hearing with the Committee on National 
        Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of 
        Satellites to China--Administration Witnesses); hearing 
        before full committee, June 23, 1998 (Continuation of 
        Joint Hearing with the Committee on National Security: 
        U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of Satellites to 
        China--Administration Witnesses).
Marshall, Donnie, Acting Deputy Administrator, Drug Enforcement 
        Administration, hearing before full committee, June 24, 
        1998 (Colombian Heroin Crisis).
McCall, Richard, Chief of Staff, United States Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 
        5, 1998 (Rwanda: Genocide and the Continuing Cycle of 
        Violence).
Morningstar, Ambassador Richard, Special Advisor to the 
        President and the Secretary of State on Assistance to 
        the New Independent States and Coordinator of U.S. 
        Assistance to the New Independent States, U.S. 
        Department of State, hearing before full committee, 
        March 26, 1998 (Review of U.S. Assistance Programs to 
        Russia, the Ukraine and the New Independent States); 
        hearing before full committee, April 30, 1998 (The U.S. 
        Role in the Caucasus and Central Asia).
Nelson, Ben, Director--International Relations and Trade, 
        National Security and International Affairs Division, 
        U.S. General Accounting Office, hearing before full 
        committee, May 20, 1998 (Eradication and Elimination of 
        Six Infectious Diseases).
Neumann, Ambassador Ronald, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Near 
        Eastern Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAF, February 5, 1998 (Algeria's Turmoil).
Peasley, Carol, Acting Administrator for Africa, U.S. Agency 
        for International Development, hearing before SubAF, 
        May 20, 1998 (Anti-Corruption Efforts in Africa).
Pena, Honorable Frederico, Secretary of Energy, Department of 
        Energy, hearing before full committee, April 30, 1998 
        (The U.S. Role in the Caucasus and Central Asia).
Pressley, Honorable Don, Acting Assistant Administrator for 
        Europe and the New Independent States, U.S. Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before full 
        committee, March 26, 1998 (Review of U.S. Assistance 
        Programs to Russia, the Ukraine and the New Independent 
        States); hearing before full committee, April 30, 1998 
        (The U.S. Role in the Caucasus and Central Asia).
Prueher, Admiral J.W., Commander-In-Chief Pacific Command 
        (CINCPAC), hearing before SubAP, May 7, 1998 (Tradition 
        and Transformation: U.S. Security Interests in Asia).
Rannenberger, Michael, Director, Office of Cuban Affairs, U.S. 
        Department of State, hearing before SubIEPT, March 12, 
        1998 (Helms-Burton: Two Years Later).
Reinsch, Honorable William, Under Secretary for Export 
        Administration, Department of Commerce, hearing before 
        full committee, June 18, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding 
        the Export of Satellites to China--Administration 
        Witnesses); hearing before full committee, June 23, 
        1998 (Continuation of Joint Hearing with the Committee 
        on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export 
        of Satellites to China--Administration Witnesses).
Rice, Honorable Susan E., Assistant Secretary for Africa, U.S. 
        Department of State, hearing before SubAF (Preview of 
        President Clinton's Historic Visit to Africa); hearing 
        before full committee, June 25, 1998 (Prospects for 
        Democracy in Nigeria); hearing before SubIOPHR and 
        SubAF, July 29, 1998 (Crises in Sudan and Northern 
        Uganda).
Romero, Honorable Peter F., Principal Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary for Inter-American Affairs, Department of 
        State, hearing before SubWHEM, May 6, 1998 (Latin 
        America & the Carribean: An Update and Summary of the 
        Summit of the Americas).
Roth, Honorable Stanley, Assistant Secretary of State for East 
        Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, 
        hearing before SubAP, February 26, 1998 (Shattered 
        Dream: The Uncertain State of Democracy in Cambodia); 
        hearing before SubAP, May 7, 1998 (Tradition and 
        Transformation: U.S. Security Interests in Asia); 
        hearing before SubAP, May 14, 1998 (The Direction of 
        U.S.-Taiwan Relations).
Schneider, Mark, Assistant Administrator for Latin America, 
        U.S. Agency for International Development, hearing 
        before SubWHEM, May 6, 1998 (Latin America & the 
        Caribbean: An Update and Summary of the Summit of the 
        Americas).
Seidel, Stuart, Assistant Commissioner, U.S. Customs Service, 
        Office of Rules and Regulations, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, June 11, 1998 (Modernization of U.S. Customs: 
        Implications on Trade).
Sestanovich, Honorable Steve, Ambassador at Large for the New 
        Independent States, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before full committee, April 30, 1998 (The U.S. Role in 
        the Caucasus and Central Asia); Ambassador-at-Large, 
        Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary of State 
        For the Newly Independent States, Department of State, 
        hearing before full committee, July 16, 1998 (The U.S. 
        and Russia: Assessing the Relationship).
Shalala, Honorable Donna E., Secretary, Department of Health 
        and Human Services, hearing before full committee, 
        March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 10,000 Volunteers by 
        the Year 2000).
Shattuck, Honorable John, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau 
        of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL), hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, February 3, 1998 (Country Reports on 
        Human Rights Practices for 1997); hearing before full 
        committee, June 16, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on Government Reform and Oversight: The Sale 
        of Body Parts by the People's Republic of China, Part 
        II); hearing before SubIOPHR, July 24, 1998 (Human 
        Rights in Indonesia--Day 2).
Shirk, Susan, Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asian and 
        Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, hearing 
        before SubAP, May 20, 1998 (U.S.-Taiwan Relations).
Slocombe, Honorable Walter, Under Secretary for Policy, 
        Department of Defense, hearing before full committee, 
        March 12, 1998 (Prospects for Implementation of Dayton 
        Agreements and the New NATO Mission in Bosnia); hearing 
        before SubAP, May 7, 1998 (Tradition and 
        Transformation: U.S. Security Interests in Asia); 
        hearing before full committee, July 23, 1998 (Kosovo--
        Current Situation and Future Options).
Smith, Honorable Frederick C., Principal Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary, International Security Affairs/Office of the 
        Secretary of Defense, Department of Defense, hearing 
        before full committee, June 17, 1998 (A Worldwide 
        Review of the Clinton Administration's POW/MIA Policies 
        and Programs).
Summers, Honorable Lawrence H., Deputy Secretary, U.S. 
        Department of Treasury, hearing before SubIEPT, 
        February 4, 1998 (Financial Crisis in Asia).
Taft, Honorable Julia, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of 
        Population, Refugees, & Migration, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, February 24, 1998 (Annual Oversight of 
        Refugee Programs, Policies, and Budget).
Tarbell, David, Director, Defense Technology Security 
        Administration, hearing before full committee, June 18, 
        1998 (Joint Hearing with the Committee on National 
        Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of 
        Satellites to China--Administration Witnesses); hearing 
        before full committee, June 23, 1998 (Continuation of 
        Joint Hearing with the Committee on National Security: 
        U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of Satellites to 
        China--Administration Witnesses).
Tischler, Bonni G., Assistant Commissioner for the Office of 
        Investigation, United States Customs Service, hearing 
        before full committee, June 24, 1998 (Colombian Heroin 
        Crisis).
Toon, Ambassador Malcolm, Chairman, U.S.-Russia Joint 
        Commission on POW/MIA, hearing before full committee, 
        June 17, 1998 (A Worldwide Review of the Clinton 
        Administration's POW/MIA Policies and Programs).
Vargo, Franklin J., Department of Commerce, hearing before full 
        committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-European Union 
        Trade: European Privacy Legislation and Biotechnology/
        Food Safety Policy).
Vargo, Honorable Regina, Deputy Assistant Secretary for the 
        Western Hemisphere, Department of Commerce, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, April 29, 1998 (Trade In the Americas: 
        Beyond the Santiago Summit).
Whitaker, Rosa, Assistant United States Trade Representative, 
        Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, hearing before 
        SubAF, May 7, 1998 (Africa in the World Economy).
Wilhelm, General Charles E., United States Marine Corps, 
        Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Southern Command, hearing 
        before full committee, March 31, 1998 (U.S. Counter-
        Narcotics Policy Towards Colombia).
Wolpe, Honorable Howard, Special Envoy, Bureau of African 
        Affairs, Department of State, hearing before SubIOPHR 
        and SubAF, March 5, 1998 (The Ongoing Crisis in the 
        Great Lakes).
Yellen, Dr. Janet, Chair, Council of Economic Advisors, The 
        White House, hearing before full committee, May 13, 
        1998 (The Kyoto Protocol: Problems with U.S. 
        Sovereignty and the Lack of Developing Country 
        Participation).

                  G. Non-Governmental Witnesses--1998

Acton, Dr. Jan Paul, Assistant Director, Natural Resources and 
        Commerce Division, Congressional Budget Office, hearing 
        before full committee, June 3, 1998 (How Sanctions Can 
        Affect U.S. Policy Interests).
Aron, Dr. Leon, Resident Fellow, The American Enterprise 
        Institute, hearing before full committee, July 16, 1998 
        (The U.S. and Russia: Assessing the Relationship).
Aronson, Honorable Bernard, Managing Director, Acon 
        Investments, Former Assistant Secretary of State, 
        Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, Bush Administration, 
        hearing before full committee, April 29, 1998 (U.S. 
        Annual Drug Certification Process).
Aryati, Ms., Indonesian Human Rights Researcher/Activist, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, May 7, 1998 (Human Rights in 
        Indonesia).
Atuu, Sister Mary Rose, Little Sisters of Mary Immaculate of 
        Gulu, Northern Uganda, hearing before SubIOPHR and 
        SubAF, July 29, 1998 (Crises in Sudan and Northern 
        Uganda).
Austin, Kathi L., Visiting Scholar, African Studies Center, 
        Stanford University, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 5, 
        1998 (Rwanda: Genocide and the Continuing Cycle of 
        Violence).
Awaya, Dr. Tsuyoshi, Professor of Law and Sociology, Tokuyama 
        University, hearing before full committee, June 4, 1998 
        (Joint Hearing with the Committee on Government Reform 
        and Oversight: The Sale of Body Parts by the People's 
        Republic of China).
Bagnall, Dr. Brian, Director of Project Management, Corporate 
        Affairs, SmithKline Beecham, hearing before full 
        committee, May 20, 1998 (Eradication and Elimination of 
        Six Infectious Diseases).
Baker, Pauline H., President, The Fund for Peace, hearing 
        before full committee, June 25, 1998 (Prospects for 
        Democracy in Nigeria).
Bauer, Gary, President, The Family Research Council, hearing 
        before full committee, April 29, 1998 (U.S. Annual Drug 
        Certification Process); hearing before SubIEPT, June 
        24, 1998 (China and Economic Engagement: Success or 
        Failure?).
Bellamy, Carol, Executive Director, UNICEF, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR and SubAF, July 29, 1998 (Crises in Sudan and 
        Northern Uganda).
Bellochi, Nat, Chairman, Bellochi and Company, hearing before 
        SubAP, May 20, 1998 (U.S.-Taiwan Relations).
Benedi, Dr. Claudio, Secretary of Foreign Relations, Cuban 
        Patriotic Board, hearing before SubIEPT, March 12, 1998 
        (Helms-Burton: Two Years Later).
Berg, Mark, American Soybean Association, hearing before full 
        committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-European Union 
        Trade: European Privacy Legislation and Biotechnology/
        Food Safety Policy).
Berman, Jason, Recording Industry Association of America, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, May 21, 1998 (Intellectual 
        Property Rights: The Music and Film Industry).
Berry, Willard, President, European-American Business Council, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, March 5, 1998 (Multilateral 
        Agreement on Investment: Win, Lose or Draw for the 
        U.S.?).
Bertini, Catherine, Executive Director, World Food Program, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR and SubAF, July 29, 1998 
        (Crises in Sudan and Northern Uganda).
Bjornlund, Eric, Director of Asia Programs, National Democratic 
        Institute for International Affairs, hearing before 
        SubAP, February 26, 1998 (Shattered Dream: The 
        Uncertain State of Democracy in Cambodia).
Blum, Jack, Attorney at Law, Lobel, Novins & Lamont, hearing 
        before SubAF, July 15, 1998 (Combating International 
        Crime in Africa).
Booker, Salih, Senior Fellow and Director, African Studies 
        Program, Council on Foreign Relations, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR and SubAF, March 5, 1998 (The Ongoing Crisis 
        in the Great Lakes).
Boswell, Nancy Zucker, Managing Director, Transparency 
        International U.S.A., hearing before SubAF, May 20, 
        1998 (Anti-Corruption Efforts in Africa).
Bowles, Ian, Vice President of Conservation Policy, 
        Conservation International, hearing before full 
        committee, March 4, 1998 (The Tropical Forest 
        Protection Act, H.R. 2870).
Broome, Dr. Claire, Acting Director, Centers for Disease 
        Control, hearing before full committee, May 20, 1998 
        (Eradication and Elimination of Six Infectious 
        Diseases).
Brown, Fred, Associate Director, Southeast Asian Studies 
        Program, School of Advanced International Studies, 
        Johns Hopkins University, hearing before SubAP, 
        February 26, 1998 (Shattered Dream: The Uncertain State 
        of Democracy in Cambodia).
Bukhshs, Ludvica, Sister of the late Bishop John Joseph, 
        Diocese of Sailabad, Pakistan, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        June 16, 1998 (Victims of Religious Persecution Around 
        the World).
Burkhalter, Holly, Advocacy Director, Physicians for Human 
        Rights, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: 
        Genocide and the Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Burt, Robert, Chairman, Environmental Task Force, The Business 
        Roundtable, hearing before full committee, May 13, 1998 
        (The Kyoto Protocol: Problems with U.S. Sovereignty and 
        the Lack of Developing Country Participation).
Calamaro, Raymond S., Esq., Hogan & Hartson, hearing before 
        full committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-European 
        Union Trade: European Privacy Legislation and 
        Biotechnology/Food Safety Policy).
Camp, Dr. Roderic A., Professor of Latin American Studies, 
        Claremont McKenna College and Adjunct Fellow, Center 
        for Strategic International Studies, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, July 29, 1998 (Conflict Resolution: Chiapas, 
        Mexico and the Search for Peace).
Canner, Stephen J., Vice President, Investment Policy and 
        Financial Services, U.S. Council for International 
        Business, hearing before SubIEPT, March 5, 1998 
        (Multilateral Agreement on Investment: Win, Lose or 
        Draw for the U.S.?).
Capps, Bob, President, U.S. China Business Council, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, June 24, 1998 (China and Economic 
        Engagement: Success or Failure?).
Carrington, Honorable Walter, Resident Fellow, W.E.B. DuBois 
        Institute, hearing before full committee, June 25, 1998 
        (Prospects for Democracy in Nigeria).
Chambers, Dr. James V., Purdue University, hearing before full 
        committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-European Union 
        Trade: European Privacy Legislation and Biotechnology/
        Food Safety Policy).
Choate, Allen C., Director of Program Development, The Asia 
        Foundation, hearing before SubAP, April 30, 1998 (U.S. 
        Policy Options Toward China: Rule of Law and Democracy 
        Programs).
Chuchon, Dr. Hector Chavez, Director, Peruvian Medical 
        Association, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 25, 1998 
        (The Peruvian Population Control Program).
Clawson, Dr. Patrick, Research Director, Washington Institute 
        for Near East Policy, hearing before full committee, 
        June 3, 1998 (How Sanctions Can Affect U.S. Policy 
        Interests).
Cohen, Dr. Eliot, Professor of Strategic Studies, Paul Nitze 
        School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins 
        University, hearing before full committee, February 25, 
        1998 (U.S. Options in Confronting Iraq).
Craner, Lorne, President, International Republican Institute, 
        hearing before SubAP, April 30, 1998 (U.S. Policy 
        Options Toward China: Rule of Law and Democracy 
        Programs).
Dalpino, Catharin, Co-director, Cambodia Policy Study Group, 
        Brookings Institution, hearing before SubAP, February 
        26, 1998 (Shattered Dream: The Uncertain State of 
        Democracy in Cambodia).
Daulaire, Dr. Nils, Senior Health Advisor, Agency for 
        International Development, hearing before full 
        committee, May 20, 1998 (Eradication and Elimination of 
        Six Infectious Diseases).
Deeb, Mary Jane, Editor, Middle East Journal, hearing before 
        SubAF, February 5, 1998 (Algeria's Turmoil).
Deffenbaugh, Ralston, Executive Director, Lutheran Immigration 
        and Refugee Service, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 
        24, 1998 (Annual Oversight of Refugee Programs, 
        Policies, and Budget).
DesForges, Dr. Allison L., Consultant, Human Rights Watch/
        Africa, hearing before SubIOPHR and SubAF, March 5, 
        1998 (The Ongoing Crisis in the Great Lakes); hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: Genocide and the 
        Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Destexhe, Senator Alain, President, International Crisis Group, 
        Director, Institute for International Economics, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: Genocide 
        and the Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Diaz, Carlos Tello, Independent Mexican Scholar, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, July 29, 1998 (Conflict Resolution: Chiapas, 
        Mexico and the Search for Peace).
DiMare, Paul, Farmer and Owner, DiMare Homestead, Inc., hearing 
        before SubIEPT, April 29, 1998 (Trade In the Americas: 
        Beyond the Santiago Summit).
Dominguez, Jorge, Professor, Center for International Affairs, 
        Harvard University, hearing before SubWHEM, March 4, 
        1998 (The Visit of His Holiness Pope John Paul II to 
        Cuba: An Assessment of Its Impact on Religious Freedom 
        in Cuba).
Drumtra, Jeff, Policy Analyst, U.S. Committee for Refugees, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: Genocide 
        and the Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Duan, Gao Xiao, Former Administrator, Planned Birth Control 
        Office, People's Republic of China, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, June 10, 1998 (Forced Abortion and 
        Sterilization in China: The View from the Inside).
Dunton, Pat, President, Korean/Cold War Family Association of 
        the Missing, hearing before full committee, June 17, 
        1998 (A Worldwide Review of the Clinton 
        Administration's POW/MIA Policies and Programs).
Dykes, Michael, Monsanto Corporation, hearing before full 
        committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-European Union 
        Trade: European Privacy Legislation and Biotechnology/
        Food Safety Policy).
Eiffe, Daniel, Liaison Officer, Norwegian Peoples Aid, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR and SubAF, July 29, 1998 (Crises in 
        Sudan and Northern Uganda).
Espinoza, Victoria Vigo, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 25, 
        1998 (The Peruvian Population Control Problem).
Fay, Kevin, Executive Director, International Climate Change 
        Partnership, hearing before full committee, May 13, 
        1998 (The Kyoto Protocol: Problems with U.S. 
        Sovereignty and the Lack of Developing Country 
        Participation).
Fernandez, Jorge I., Senior Vice President, International Davel 
        Communications Group, hearing before SubIEPT, March 12, 
        1998 (Helms-Burton: Two Years Later).
Fishman, Phil, Assistant Director for International Affairs/
        Asia Region, AFL-CIO, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 26, 
        1998 (Human Rights in China).
Fisk, Daniel W., Esq., Fellow, Center for Strategic and 
        International Studies, Department of Political Science, 
        Arizona State University, hearing before full 
        committee, June 3, 1998 (How Sanctions Can Affect U.S. 
        Policy Interests).
Frank, Frederick, Chairperson, Public Social Policy Steering 
        Committee, Council of Jewish Federations, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, February 24, 1998 (Annual Oversight of 
        Refugee Programs, Policies, and Budget).
Franken, Mark, Executive Director, U.S. Catholic Conference, 
        Migration & Refugee Services, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        February 24, 1998 (Annual Oversight of Refugee 
        Programs, Policies, and Budget).
Frelick, William, Senior U.S. Policy Analyst, U.S. Committee 
        for Refugees, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 24, 
        1998 (Annual Oversight of Refugee Programs, Policies, 
        and Budget).
Fried, Dr. Stephanie G., Scientist, International Program, 
        Environmental Defense Fund, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        May 7, 1998 (Human Rights in Indonesia).
Gaddy, Dr. Clifford, Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies Program, 
        hearing before full committee, July 16, 1998 (The U.S. 
        and Russia: Assessing the Relationship).
Gaffney, Honorable Frank, Director, Center for National 
        Security Policy, hearing before full committee, May 13, 
        1998 (The Kyoto Protocol: Problems with U.S. 
        Sovereignty and the Lack of Developing Country 
        Participation); Director, William Casey Center for 
        Security Policy, Former Assistant Secretary of Defense 
        for International Security Policy, Former Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, 
        Reagan Administration, hearing before SubIEPT, June 24, 
        1998 (China and Economic Engagement: Success or 
        Failure?).
Gallego, Col. Leonardo, Director, Colombian National Police, 
        DANTI (anti-drug) Unit, hearing before full committee, 
        February 26, 1998 (U.S. Narcotics Policy Toward 
        Colombia).
Galliano, Ralph J., Editor, U.S. Cuba Policy Report, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, March 12, 1998 (Helms-Burton: Two Years 
        Later).
Gearan, Honorable Mark, Director, The Peace Corps, hearing 
        before full committee, March 18, 1998 (The Peace Corps: 
        10,000 Volunteers by the Year 2000).
Gere, Richard, Co-Chairman, International Campaign for Tibet, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, February 24, 1998 (Annual 
        Oversight of Refugee Programs, Policies, and Budget).
Germann, Dan, New Tribes Mission, hearing before full 
        committee, March 31, 1998 (U.S. Counter-Narcotics 
        Policy Towards Colombia).
Glassman, James, Fellow, American Enterprise Institute, hearing 
        before SubAP and SubIEPT, April 23, 1998 (Japan's Role 
        in the Asian Financial Crisis).
Goble, Paul, Director of Communications Division, Radio Free 
        Europe--Radio Liberty, Inc., hearing before full 
        committee, July 16, 1998 (The U.S. and Russia: 
        Assessing the Relationship).
Goldstein, Eric, Human Rights Watch, hearing before SubAF, 
        February 5, 1998 (Human Rights Watch).
Griffiths, Ann Mills, Executive Director, National League of 
        Families, hearing before full committee, June 17, 1998 
        (A Worldwide Review of the Clinton Administration's 
        POW/MIA Policies and Programs).
Griswold, Daniel, Associate Director Center for Trade Policy, 
        CATO Institute, hearing before SubIEPT, July 22, 1998 
        (The U.S. and its Trade Deficit: Restoring the 
        Balance).
Grondine, Robert, Governor, American Chamber of Commerce, 
        Japan, hearing before SubAP and SubIEPT, April 23, 1998 
        (Japan's Role in the Asian Financial Crisis).
Grove, Paul, Deputy Regional Programs Director for Asia and the 
        Middle East, International Republican Institute, 
        hearing before SubAP, February 26, 1998 (Shattered 
        Dream: The Uncertain State of Democracy in Cambodia).
Gustafson, Erick, Deputy Director of Regulatory Policy, 
        Citizens for a Sound Economy, hearing before SubIEPT, 
        July 22, 1998 (The U.S. and its Trade Deficit: 
        Restoring the Balance).
Haas, Dr. Richard, Director, Foreign Policy Studies Program, 
        The Brookings Institute, hearing before full committee, 
        February 25, 1998 (U.S. Options in Confronting Iraq).
Haggard, Stephan, Acting Director, Institute on Global Conflict 
        and Cooperation, hearing before SubIEPT, February 4, 
        1998 (Financial Crisis in Asia).
Hamzah, Jafar S., Former Staff Attorney, Indonesian Legal Aid 
        Foundation, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 7, 1998 (Human 
        Rights in Indonesia).
Harder, Bruce, Director, National Security and Foreign Affairs, 
        Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States, hearing 
        before full committee, June 17, 1998 (A Worldwide 
        Review of the Clinton Administration's POW/MIA Policies 
        and Programs).
Hargrove, Thomas, Former FARC Hostage, hearing before full 
        committee, March 31, 1998 (U.S. Counter-Narcotics 
        Policy Towards Colombia).
Heffernan, John, Executive Director, Coalition for 
        International Justice, hearing before SubIOPHR, March 
        31, 1998 (The Betrayal of Srebrenica: Why Did the 
        Massacre Happen? Will It Happen Again?).
Hernandez, Francisco J., President, Cuban American National 
        Foundation, hearing before SubIEPT, March 12, 1998 
        (Helms-Burton: Two Years Later).
Heymann, Dr. David L., Director, Division of Emerging and Other 
        Communicable Diseases, Surveillance and Control, World 
        Health Organization, hearing before full committee, May 
        20, 1998 (Eradication and Elimination of Six Infectious 
        Diseases).
Jagger, Bianca, Member, Executive Director's Advisory Council, 
        Amnesty International, USA, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        March 31, 1998 (The Betrayal of Srebrenica: Why Did the 
        Massacre Happen? Will It Happen Again?).
Jendrzejczyk, Mike, Washington Director, DC Office, Human 
        Rights Watch/Asia, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 26, 
        1998 (Human Rights in China).
Jingsheng, Wei, Former Political Prisoner, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, February 3, 1998 (Country Reports on Human 
        Rights Practices for 1997); Center for the Study of 
        Human Rights, hearing before full committee, June 4, 
        1998 (Joint Hearing with the Committee on Government 
        Reform and Oversight: The Sale of Body Parts by the 
        People's Republic of China).
Jitpraphai, Dr. Phaibul, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, 
        hearing before full committee, June 4, 1998 (Joint 
        Hearing with the Committee on Government Reform and 
        Oversight: The Sale of Body Parts by the People's 
        Republic of China).
Johnson-Freese, Dr. Joan, Professor, Air War College, hearing 
        before full committee, June 17, 1998 (Joint Hearing 
        with the Committee on National Security: U.S. Policy 
        Regarding the Export of Satellites to China--Private 
        Witnesses).
Jones, Sidney, Executive Director, Human Rights Watch/Asia, 
        hearing before SubAP, June 4, 1998 (U.S. Policy Options 
        Toward Indonesia: What We Can Expect; How We Can Help).
Kamm, John T., President, Asia Pacific Resources, Inc., hearing 
        before SubAP, April 30, 1998 (U.S. Policy Options 
        Toward China: Rule of Law and Democracy Programs).
Kan, Shirley A., Congressional Research Service, hearing before 
        full committee, June 17, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding 
        the Export of Satellites to China--Private Witnesses).
Katz, Richard, Contributing Editor, The Oriental Economist 
        Report, hearing before SubAP and SubIEPT, April 23, 
        1998 (Japan's Role in the Asian Financial Crisis).
Kaye, David, Director, Center for Counter-Terrorism, Science 
        Application International Corporation, hearing before 
        full committee, February 25, 1998 (U.S. Options in 
        Confronting Iraq).
Kazemzedeh, Dr. Firuz, Secretary for External Affairs, National 
        Spiritual Assembly of the Bahais of the United States, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, June 16, 1998 (Victims of 
        Religious Persecution Around the World).
Kent, Jonathan H., Washington Representative, National Customs 
        Brokers and Forwarders Association of America, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, June 11, 1998 (Modernization of U.S. 
        Customs: Implications on Trade).
Khan, Shaharyar M., Former Special Representative of The United 
        Nations Secretary General to Rwanda, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: Genocide and the 
        Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Kirkpatrick, Honorable Jeane, Senior Fellow, American 
        Enterprise Institute, Former U.S. Ambassador to the 
        United Nations, Reagan Administration, hearing before 
        full committee, April 29, 1998 (U.S. Annual Drug 
        Certification Process).
Lamamra, H.E. Ramtane, Ambassador, Embassy of Algeria, hearing 
        before SubAF, February 5, 1998 (Algeria's Turmoil).
Lane, Mike, Automation Committee Chairman, Joint Industry 
        Group, hearing before SubIEPT, June 11, 1998 
        (Modernization of U.S. Customs: Implications on Trade).
Lash, William H., III, Professor of Law and Director of 
        International Business Law Programs, George Mason 
        University, hearing before SubIEPT, March 30, 1998 
        (WTO-Dispute Settlement Body).
Lee, Thea, Assistant Director of Public Policy, AFL-CIO, 
        hearing before full committee, June 3, 1998 (How 
        Sanctions Can Affect U.S. Policy Interests).
Leigh, H. E. John Ernest, Ambassador, Embassy of Sierra Leone, 
        hearing before SubAF, June 11, 1998 (Reconstructing 
        Sierra Leone).
Lilley, Honorable James, Resident Fellow, Asian Studies, 
        American Enterprise Institute, hearing before SubAP, 
        May 20, 1998 (U.S.-Taiwan Relations).
Litan, Robert, The Brookings Institution, hearing before full 
        committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-European Union 
        Trade: European Privacy Legislation and Biotechnology/
        Food Safety Policy).
Lopez, Lt. Fernando, Logistics Support Officer, Columbian 
        National Police, DANTI (anti-drug) Unit, hearing before 
        full committee, February 26, 1998 (U.S. Narcotics 
        Policy Toward Columbia).
Lorgeranon, Somporn, Recipient of Organ Transplant, hearing 
        before full committee, June 4, 1998 (Joint Hearing with 
        the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight: The 
        Sale of Body Parts by the People's Republic of China).
Lustrilanang, Pius, Indonesian Democracy Advocate, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, May 7, 1998 (Human Rights in 
        Indonesia).
Malone, Shawn, Associate Director, Cuba Project, Center for 
        Latin American Studies, School of Foreign Service, 
        Georgetown University, hearing before SubWHEM, March 4, 
        1998 (The Visit of His Holiness Pope John Paul II to 
        Cuba: An Assessment of Its Impact on Religious Freedom 
        in Cuba).
Maresca, John J., Vice President for International Relations, 
        UNOCAL Corporation, hearing before SubAP, February 12, 
        1998 (U.S. Interests in the Central Asian Republics).
Massimino, Elisa, Acting Director, Washington Office, Lawyers 
        Committee for Human Rights, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        February 3, 1998 (Country Reports on Human Rights 
        Practices for 1997).
McCabe, Bernie, U.S. Representative, Sandline International, 
        hearing before SubAF, June 11, 1998 (Reconstructing 
        Sierra Leone).
McNamara, Dennis, Director, Division of International 
        Protection, United Nations High Commissioner for 
        Refugees, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: 
        Genocide and the Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Metalitz, Steven, Vice President and General Counsel, 
        International Intellectual Property Alliance, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, May 21, 1998 (Intellectual Property 
        Rights: The Music and Film Industry).
Milhollin, Dr. Gary, Director, Wisconsin Project on Nuclear 
        Arms Control, hearing before full committee, June 17, 
        1998 (Joint Hearing with the Committee on National 
        Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of 
        Satellites to China--Private Witnesses).
Miller, Ambassador David C., Jr., President, Corporate Council 
        on Africa, hearing before SubAF, May 7, 1998 (Africa in 
        the World Economy); hearing before full committee, June 
        25, 1998 (Prospects for Democracy in Nigeria).
Moore, Dale, Executive Director Legislative Affairs, National 
        Cattlemen's Beef Association, hearing before SubIEPT, 
        March 30, 1998 (WTO--Dispute Settlement Body).
Morici, Peter, Senior Fellow, Economic Strategy Institute, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, July 22, 1998 (The U.S. and its 
        Trade Deficit: Restoring the Balance).
Munro, Ross, Director of Asian Studies, Center for Security 
        Studies, Co-author, ``The Coming Conflict with China,'' 
        hearing before SubIEPT, June 24, 1998 (China and 
        Economic Engagement: Success or Failure?).
Nelson, Tia, Senior Policy Advisor for Latin America and 
        Caribbean Division, Nature Conservancy, hearing before 
        full committee, March 4, 1998 (The Tropical Forest 
        Protection Act, H.R. 2870).
Noland, Marcus, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for 
        International Economics, hearing before SubIEPT, 
        February 4, 1998 (Financial Crisis in Asia).
Nolberto, Avelina Sanchez, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 
        25, 1998 (The Peruvian Population Control Program).
Nova, Scott, Director, MAI Research Project, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 5, 1998 (Multilateral Agreement on 
        Investment: Win, Lose or Draw for the U.S.?).
Nsanzuwera, Francois-Xavier, Former President, CLADHO 
        (Federation of Rwandese Associations of Human Rights), 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, May 5, 1998 (Rwanda: Genocide 
        and the Continuing Cycle of Violence).
Nuhanovic, Hasan, Bosnian Citizen, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        March 31, 1998 (The Betrayal of Srebrenica: Why Did the 
        Massacre Happen? Will It Happen Again?).
Odom, Lt. Gen. William, Director of National Security Studies, 
        The Hudson Institute, hearing before full committee, 
        July 16, 1998 (The U.S. and Russia: Assessing the 
        Relationship).
O'Keefe, William, Executive Vice President, American Petroleum 
        Institute, hearing before full committee, May 13, 1998 
        (The Kyoto Protocol: Problems with U.S. Sovereignty and 
        the Lack of Developing Country Participation).
Ould-Abdallah, Ambassador Ahmedou, Executive Secretary, Global 
        Coalition for Africa, hearing before SubAF, May 20, 
        1998 (Anti-Corruption Efforts in Africa).
Paal, Douglas, President, Asia-Pacific Policy Center, hearing 
        before SubAP, May 20, 1998 (U.S.-Taiwan Relations).
Paul, Diane, Consultant on Former Yugoslavia, Human Rights 
        Watch, hearing before SubIOPHR, March 31, 1998 (The 
        Betrayal of Srebrenica: Why Did the Massacre Happen? 
        Will It Happen Again?).
Pei, Minxin, Assistant Professor, Department of Politics, 
        Princeton University, hearing before SubAP, April 30, 
        1998 (U.S. Policy Options Toward China: Rule of Law and 
        Democracy Programs).
Penalver, Rafael, Attorney, Penalver & Penalver, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, March 4, 1998 (The Visit of His Holiness Pope 
        John Paul II to Cuba: An Assessment of Its Impact on 
        Religious Freedom in Cuba).
Permuy, Jesus A., A.I.C.P., Director of Human Rights and 
        International Relations, UNIDAD Cubana, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 30, 1998 (WTO--Dispute Settlement Body).
Pigman, Herbert, Past Secretary General, Rotary International, 
        hearing before full committee, May 20, 1998 
        (Eradication and Elimination of Six Infectious 
        Diseases).
Pinto, Constancio, United States and United Nations 
        Representative, National Council of Maubery (East 
        Timor) Resistance, hearing before SubIOPHR, May 7, 1998 
        (Human Rights in Indonesia).
Quiang, Xiao, Executive Director, Human Rights in China, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, June 26, 1998 (Human Rights in 
        China).
Quigley, Thomas E., Policy Advisor, Latin American and 
        Caribbean Affairs, United States Catholic Conference, 
        Department of Social Development and World Peace, 
        hearing before SubWHEM, March 4, 1998 (The Visit of His 
        Holiness Pope John Paul II to Cuba: An Assessment of 
        Its Impact on Religious Freedom in Cuba).
Resor, James, Director of Conservation Finance, World Wildlife 
        Fund, hearing before full committee, March 4, 1998 (The 
        Tropical Forest Protection Act, H.R. 2870).
Rich, Tania, Wife of Hostage, New Tribes Mission, hearing 
        before full committee, March 31, 1998 (U.S. Counter-
        Narcotics Policy Towards Colombia).
Richardson, Bonnie, Vice President for Trade and Federal 
        Affairs, Motion Picture Association of America, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, May 21, 1998 (Intellectual Property 
        Rights: The Music and Film Industry).
Rickard, Stephen, Director, Washington Office, Amnesty 
        International, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 3, 
        1998 (Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 
        1997); hearing before SubIOPHR, June 26, 1998 (Human 
        Rights in China).
Rodman, Peter, Director of National Security Studies, The Nixon 
        Center, hearing before full committee, July 16, 1998 
        (The U.S. and Russia: Assessing the Relationship).
Rone, Jemera, Counsel, Human Rights Watch, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR and SubAF, July 29, 1998 (Crises in Sudan and 
        Northern Uganda).
Rotenberg, Mark, Electronic Privacy Information Center, hearing 
        before full committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-
        European Union Trade: European Privacy Legislation and 
        Biotechnology/Food Safety Policy).
Roth, Ken, Executive Director, Human Rights Watch, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, February 3, 1998 (Country Reports on 
        Human Rights Practices for 1997).
Ryscavage, Fr. Rick, S.J., National Director, Jesuit Refugee 
        Service, hearing before SubIOPHR, February 24, 1998 
        (Annual Oversight of Refugee Programs, Policies, and 
        Budget).
Samuels, Ambassador Michael, President, Samuels International 
        Associates, Inc., hearing before SubAF, May 7, 1998 
        (Africa in the World Economy).
Schott, Jeffrey, Senior Fellow, Institute for International 
        Economics, hearing before full committee, June 3, 1998 
        (How Sanctions Can Affect U.S. Policy Interests).
Schwarz, Adam, Council on Foreign Relations, hearing before 
        SubAP, June 4, 1998 (U.S. Policy Options Toward 
        Indonesia: What We Can Expect; How We Can Help).
Scott, Robert, Economist, Economic Policy Institute, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, April 29, 1998 (Trade In the Americas: 
        Beyond the Santiago Summit).
Scowcroft, General Brent, The Scowcroft Group, Former National 
        Security Advisor, Bush Administration, hearing before 
        full committee, April 29, 1998 (U.S. Annual Drug 
        Certification Process).
Serrano, General Jose, Director General, Colombian National 
        Police, hearing before full committee, March 31, 1998 
        (U.S. Counter-Narcotics Policy Towards Colombia).
Shea, Nina, Director of Religious Programs, Freedom House, 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, February 3, 1998 (Country 
        Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1997); hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, June 26, 1998 (Human Rights in China).
Shenk, Norm, United Parcel Service Brokerage, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, June 11, 1998 (Modernization of U.S. Customs: 
        Implications on Trade).
Sokol, David L., Chairman and CEO, CalEnergy Company, Inc., 
        hearing before SubIEPT, February 4, 1998 (Financial 
        Crisis in Asia).
Sokolski, Dr. Henry, Executive Director, Nonproliferation 
        Policy Education Center, hearing before full committee, 
        June 17, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the Committee on 
        National Security: U.S. Policy Regarding the Export of 
        Satellites to China--Private Witnesses).
Solomon, Joel, Research Director for the Americas, Human Rights 
        Watch, hearing before SubWHEM, July 29, 1998 (Conflict 
        Resolution: Chiapas, Mexico and the Search for Peace).
Sommer, John, Executive Director, American Legion Headquarters, 
        Washington, D.C., hearing before full committee, June 
        17, 1998 (A Worldwide Review of the Clinton 
        Administration's POW/MIA Policies and Programs).
Starr, S. Frederick, Chairman, Central Asia-Caspian Institute, 
        School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins 
        University, hearing before SubAP, February 12, 1998 
        (U.S. Interests in the Central Asian Republics).
Stover, Eric, Director of Human Rights Center, Adjunct 
        Professor of Public Health, University of California/
        Berkeley, hearing before SubIOPHR, March 31, 1998 (The 
        Betrayal of Srebrenica: Why Did the Massacre Happen? 
        Will It Happen Again?).
Stumberg, Robert, Director, Harrison Institute for Public Law, 
        Georgetown University Law Center, hearing before 
        SubIEPT, March 5, 1998 (Multilateral Agreement on 
        Investment: Win, Lose or Draw for the U.S.?).
Turay, Edward, Secretary-General and Parliamentary Leader, All 
        People's Congress Party, Sierra Leone, hearing before 
        SubAF, June 11, 1998 (Reconstructing Sierra Leone).
Vastine, Robert, Coalition of Service Industries, hearing 
        before full committee, May 7, 1998 (Issues in U.S.-
        European Union Trade: European Privacy Legislation and 
        Biotechnology/Food Safety Policy).
Veguilla, Dr. Eliazar, Cuban Religious Leader and Torture 
        Survivor, hearing before SubIOPHR, June 16, 1998 
        (Victims of Religious Persecution Around the World).
Viota, Leo, Institute for Democracy in Cuba, hearing before 
        SubWHEM, March 4, 1998 (The Visit of His Holiness Pope 
        John Paul II to Cuba: An Assessment of Its Impact on 
        Religious Freedom in Cuba).
Wallach, Lori, Director, Global Trade Watch, Public Citizen, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, March 5, 1998 (Multilateral 
        Agreement on Investment: Win, Lose or Draw for the 
        U.S.?).
Walters, John, President, The Philanthropy Roundtable, Former 
        Deputy Director, Office of National Drug Control 
        Policy, Bush Administration, hearing before full 
        committee, April 29, 1998 (U.S. Annual Drug 
        Certification Process).
Walters, Peter S., Group Vice President, Guardian Industries 
        Corporation, hearing before SubAP and SubIEPT, April 
        23, 1998 (Japan's Role in the Asian Financial Crisis).
Williams, Phil, Director of General Matthews B. Ridgeway Center 
        for International Security Studies, hearing before 
        SubAF, July 15, 1998 (Combating International Crime in 
        Africa).
``Witness X'', Former Chinese Prison Official, hearing before 
        full committee, June 16, 1998 (Joint Hearing with the 
        Committee on Government Reform and Oversight: The Sale 
        of Body Parts by the People's Republic of China, Part 
        II).
Wolfowitz, Ambassador Paul, Dean, Paul Nitze School of Advanced 
        International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 
        hearing before full committee, February 25, 1998 (U.S. 
        Options in Confronting Iraq); hearing before SubAP, 
        June 4, 1998 (U.S. Policy Options Toward Indonesia: 
        What We Can Expect; How We Can Help).
Wongmo, Gyaltsen, Tibetan Buddhist Nun, hearing before 
        SubIOPHR, June 16, 1998 (Victims of Religious 
        Persecution Around the World).
Wu, Harry Hongda, The Laogai Research Foundation, hearing 
        before full committee, June 4, 1998 (Joint Hearing with 
        the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight: The 
        Sale of Body Parts by the People's Republic of China); 
        hearing before SubIOPHR, June 10, 1998 (Forced Abortion 
        and Sterilization in China: The View from the Inside); 
        hearing before full committee, June 16, 1998 (Joint 
        Hearing with the Committee on Government Reform and 
        Oversight: The Sale of Body Parts by the People's 
        Republic of China, Part II); Chinese human rights 
        dissident and former prisoner of conscience, hearing 
        before SubIEPT, June 24, 1998 (China and Economic 
        Engagement: Success or Failure?).
Yasin, Parhat, Relative of Victim of Religious Persecution, 
        Xinijan Uyghur Region, China, hearing before SubIOPHR, 
        June 16, 1998 (Victims of Religious Persecution Around 
        the World).
Yeats, Stephen, China Policy Analyst, Heritage Foundation, 
        hearing before SubIEPT, June 24, 1998 (China and 
        Economic Engagement: Success or Failure?).
Yon, Zhou Shiu, Coercive Population Control Victim, hearing 
        before SubIOPHR, June 10, 1998 (Forced Abortion and 
        Sterilization in China: The View from the Inside).

    H. Foreign Dignitaries and U.S. Officials received in the 105th 
Congress by the House Committee on International Relations for informal 
                        Committee meetings--1998

Albania--7/23/98  H.E. Skender Gjinushi, Speaker of Parliament
Argentina--2/24/98  H.E. Carlos Corach, Minister of the 
        Interior; 6/9/98 H.E. Octavio Frigerio, President, 
        White Helmets Initiative
Austria--7/15/98  H.E. Helmut Teurk, Ambassador
Bolivia--3/2/98  H.E. Jorge Quiroga, Vice President
Bosnia and Herzegovina--3/2/98  H.E. Dr. Ejup Ganic, President; 
        5/21/98 H.E. Cardinal Vinko Pulic, Archbishop of 
        Sarajevo, H.E. Dr. Mustafa Ceric, Raisu-I-Ulama, 
        Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina, H.E. 
        Metropolitan Nikolaj Mrdja, Head of the Orthodox Church 
        of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Dr. Jacob Finci, 
        President of the Jewish Community of Bosnia and 
        Herzegovina
Bulgaria--2/11/98  H.E. Petar Stoyanov, President
Burundi--9/24/98  H.E. Pierre Buyoya, President
Canada--3/31/98  12 members from the House of Commons Standing 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade 
        (led by Chairman Bill Graham); 7/22/98 Hon. Jerry 
        Grafstein, Senator
Colombia--2/26/98  Col. Leonardo Gallego, Director, and Lt. 
        Fernando Lopez, Colombian National Police; 3/24/98 H.E. 
        Maria Emma Mejia, Minister of Foreign Affairs; 3/31/98 
        Gen. Jose Serrano, Director General, National Police; 
        12/9/98 H.E. Rodrigo Lloreda, Minister of Defense and 
        delegation
Congo, Republic of--10/9/98  H.E. Pascal Lissouba, Former 
        President
Costa Rica--3/24/98, 10/1/98  H.E. Miguel Angel Rodriquez, 
        President
Croatia--7/22/98  H.E. Dr. Mate Granic, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs
Cyprus--5/21/98  H.E. Ioannis Kasoulides, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs; 7/29/98 H.E. Andros Nicolaides, Ambassador
Czech Republic--2/10/98  H.E. Jaroslav Sedivy, Foreign Minister 
        (meeting with potential NATO members)
Egypt--7/15/98  H.E. Amr Moussa, Foreign Minister
Eritrea--4/30/98  H.E. Isaias Afwerki, President
European Union--2/4/98  H.E. Manuel Marin, Vice President of 
        the Commission of the EU; 4/1/98 H.E. Christopher 
        Meyer, British Ambassador and H.E. Hugo Paemen, Head of 
        the Delegation of the EC to the United States; 5/5/98 
        Jacques Santer, President of the European Commission; 
        7/15/98 H.E. Helmut Tuerk, Ambassador of the Republic 
        of Austria and H.E. Hugo Paemen, Head of the Delegation 
        of the European Commission; 9/24/98 Sir Leon Brittan, 
        Vice President
France--6/18/98  H.E. Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister
Georgia--3/31/98  H.E. Zurab Zhvania, Chairman of the 
        Parliament
Germany--2/25/98  five members of Parliament, five outside 
        experts, led by Ms. Ortrun Schatzle (regarding the 
        German Parliament's ``Inquiry Commission on Sects and 
        Psycho Groups''); 5/21/98  Hon. Rudolf Scharping, 
        Chairman of the Bundestag SPD Party; 7/14/98  Hon. 
        Werner Hoyer, State Minister for Foreign Affairs; 7/17/
        98  Hon. Elmar Brok, Member, E.P.
Greece--3/24/98  H.E. Theodoros Pangalos, Foreign Minister; 5/
        12/98  Hon. Constantinos Scandalidis, Secretary of 
        PASOK Central Comm.; 6/25/98  H.E. Loucas Tsilas, 
        Ambassador; 7/16/98  H.E. Alexander Philon
Haiti--2/12/98  H.E. Fritz Longchamps, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs
Hungary--2/10/98  H.E. Laszlo Kovacs, Foreign Minister (meeting 
        with potential NATO members); 3/4/98  H.E. Gyorgy 
        Habsburg, Ambassador; 10/7/98  H.E. Dr. Viktor Orban, 
        Prime Minister
Ireland--2/12/98  H.E. Liz O'Donnell, Minister of State; 5/6/98  
        Irish delegation led by Honorable Seamus Pattison, 
        Speaker of the House of the Irish Parliament (Dail); 6/
        24/98  H.E. Mary McAleese, President; 9/24/98  H.E. 
        David Andrews, TD, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Israel--5/14/98  H.E. Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister; 6/3/
        98  Gen. Ori Orr, Hon. Uzi Landau; 7/30/98  Mr. Itzhak 
        Oren, Minister for Congressional Affairs, Embassy of 
        Israel; 10/8/98  H.E. Zalman Shoval, Ambassador
Italy--5/6/98  H.E. Romano Prodi, Prime Minister
Japan--4/23/98  H.E. Kunihiko Saito Ambassador
Kenya--10/2/98  H.E. Bonaya Godana, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Lebanon--6/18/98  H.E. Rafiq al-Harari, Prime Minister, Former 
        Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia; 5/12/98  Tito 
        Petkovski, President of the Parliament MERCOSUR; 3/25/
        98  Joint Parliamentary Committee (Sen. Jose Manuel de 
        la Sota, Sen. Eduardo Bauza, Rep. Ricardo Lafferriere, 
        and Rep. Corchuelo Blasco from Argentina; Sen. Ludio 
        Coehlo, Rep. Julio Redecker, Rep. Paulo Bornhausen, and 
        Rep. Germano Rigotto from Brazil; Sen. Carlos Alberto 
        Gonzalez, Sen. Luis Guanes Gondra, Rep. Cubas Colomes, 
        and Rep. Eduardo Ibarra de Barros Barre from Paraguay; 
        Rep. Washington Abdala, Rep. Doreen Javier Ibarra, Rep. 
        Jose Carlos Cardoso, Rep. Ivan Posada and Rep. Walter 
        Cofone from Uruguay; and Sen. Gabriel Valdez from 
        Chile)
Montenegro--3/24/98  Delegation of Members of Parliament; 4/22/
        98  H.E. Milo Djukanovic, President
Nicaragua--5/13/98  Arnoldo Aleman, President
Nigeria--8/4/98  Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo, Former President
North Korea--12/9/98  H.E. Kim Gye-Gwan, Vice Min. for American 
        Affairs, Foreign Ministry
Northern Ireland--7/22/98  Honorable Marjorie Mowlam, Minister 
        of State
Norway--6/25/98  H.E. Tom Vraalson, Ambassador
Pakistan--2/24/98  H.E. Riaz Khokhar, Ambassador; 6/3/98  
        Parliamentary delegation (comprised of Sen. Akram Zaki, 
        Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and 
        Colonel Ghulam Sarwar Cheema, Chairman, National 
        Assembly Standing Committee on Defense); 6/10/98  H.E. 
        Baki Ilkin, Appointed Ambassador
Palestinian Authority--7/23/98  Delegation from the Palestinian 
        Legislative Council, led by its Speaker, Ahmed Qurei 
        (Abu Ala)
Panama--4/27/98  H.E. Eloy Alfaro, Ambassador
Peru--6/10/98, 9/9/98  H.E. Marino Costa Bauer, Minister of 
        Health
Poland--2/10/98  H.E. Bronislaw Geremek, Foreign Minister 
        (meeting with potential NATO members)
Qatar--3/26/98  H.E. Sheikh Hamad Bin Jasim bin Jabir Al Thani, 
        Minister of Foreign Affairs; 6/17/98  H.E. Sheikh 
        Jassim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Crown Prince
Republic of Korea--5/19/98  H.E. Lee Hong-koo, Ambassador; 9/
        10/98  H.E. Hong Soon-young, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs
Romania--4/23/98  H.E. Andrei Plesu, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs; 7/15/98  H.E. Emil Constantinescu, President
Russian Federation--3/19/98  General Alexander Lebed, Chairman 
        of the Russian Republican Popular Party; 6/16/98  Hon. 
        Andrei A. Kokoshin, Secretary of the General Council
Serbia--3/24/98  Delegation of Members of Parliament.
Slovak Republic--1/28/98  H.E. Michal Kovac, President
Srpska--7/30/98  H.E. Milorad Dodik, Prime Minister
State Department--5/12/98  Honorable Madeleine Albright, 
        Secretary of State
Taiwan--4/29/98  Hon. Stephen Chen, Representative, Taipei 
        Econ. Cult. Office; 5/20/98  Chen-Fu Koo, President, 
        Straits Exchange Foundation
Thailand--3/12/98  H.E. Chuan Leekpai, Prime Minister
Treasury Department--5/7/98  Honorable Lawrence H. Summers, 
        Deputy Secretary
Tunisia--6/19/98  H.E. Havin Ben Yahia Minister of Defense
United Arab Emirates--7/14/98  H.E. Sheikh Khalid bin Saqr Al 
        Qasimi, Crown Prince
United Kingdom--3/2/98, 4/1/98  H.E. Christopher Meyer, 
        Ambassador; 3/17/98, 7/22/98  Rt. Hon. Dr. Marjorie 
        Mowlam, Secretary of State, Northern Ireland; 12/8/98  
        Paul Murphy, MP
Yemen--10/2/98  H.E. Abdulkader Bajammal, Minister of Foreign 
        Affairs

                              APPENDIX III

                              ----------                              


                     COMMITTEE ORIGINS AND HISTORY

    The Committee on Foreign Affairs/International Relations 
traces its origins to November 29, 1775. It was on that date 
that the Continental Congress by resolution created a committee 
``for the sole purposes of corresponding with our friends in 
Great Britain, Ireland, and other parts of the world.'' The 
members chosen for this committee were Benjamin Franklin--who 
served as chairman and guiding spirit--Benjamin Harrison, 
Thomas Johnson, Jr., John Dickinson, and John Jay. Known at 
first as the Committee of Correspondence, the committee itself 
soon changed its name to the Committee of Secret 
Correspondence.
    That committee was the first institution created to 
represent the United States in the foreign affairs field. The 
Committee on Foreign Affairs (as well as the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee) is a lineal descendant of the Committee of 
Correspondence.
    Franklin's committee quickly entered into communication 
with various persons in Europe for the purpose of ascertaining 
sentiment there toward the Colonies and obtaining any other 
information which might be useful in the struggle with England. 
It even designated its own secret agents abroad.
    By the spring of 1777, the specialized nature of the 
committee's work had been recognized and its title changed to 
``Committee for Foreign Affairs.'' Special problems in foreign 
relations, however, were sometimes dealt with by select or 
temporary committees appointed for the purpose.
    After the Congress of the United States was organized under 
the Constitution, select committees to deal with foreign 
affairs were appointed. In 1807, during the Jefferson 
Presidency, a House committee was established in response to 
predatory actions by both the French and British against 
American commercial shipping. Following the seizure and search 
of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake 10 miles off the Virginia coast 
by a British ship, the House appointed a special Foreign 
Relations Committee which was also known as the Aggression 
Committee. That committee had an active role in foreign policy 
considerations through the War of 1812 and in 1822, renamed the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs, was designated a standing 
committee of the House with a membership of seven. The 150th 
anniversary of that event was celebrated by the committee in 
1972.
    Because the House is the organ of National Government 
closest to the citizenry, the Committee on Foreign Affairs may 
truly be said to have been the voice of the American people on 
issues of international significance for more than a century 
and a half. Although this important role has remained the same, 
the name of the committee was changed on March 19, 1975, by a 
resolution (House Resolution 163) sponsored by 22 members of 
the committee to the Committee on International Relations. The 
change resulted from the extensive discussions by the members 
that were undertaken in relation to the reorganization of the 
subcommittee structure of the committee. It was the consensus 
that the change in the name of the full committee would more 
accurately reflect the organization of the committee as it had 
been agreed upon by its own members at that time. Subsequently, 
at the beginning of the 96th Congress, the committee again 
reorganized its subcommittee structure and agreed to the 
introduction of House Resolution 89, sponsored by 30 Members, 
to return to the committee's original name ``The Committee on 
Foreign Affairs.'' The resolution was agreed to on February 5, 
1979.
    Throughout its history, the committee has been composed of 
some of America's most able legislators and statesmen. Two 
American Presidents have served on it: James K. Polk, from 1827 
to 1831, and John Quincy Adams, who became chairman in 1842 
after he returned to the House following his term as the Chief 
Executive.
    Many former chairmen of the committee have written their 
names into the history books. Among them was Edward Everett of 
Massachusetts, chairman in the 20th Congress, who also served 
as Secretary of State, was a Whig Vice Presidential candidate 
in 1860, and is remembered as one of America's greatest 
orators. Francis W. Pickens, who chaired the committee from 
1839 to 1841, later became Governor of South Carolina and 
authorized the firing on Fort Sumter which precipitated the 
Civil War.
    Serving as chairman in the aftermath of World War I, 
Stephen G. Porter of Pennsylvania came to be one of the most 
influential figures in the determination of American foreign 
policy in the early 1920's. In more recent times, Chairman Sol 
Bloom of New York and James P. Richards of South Carolina have 
been recognized for their contributions to America's leadership 
in the immediate post-World War II period. The longest tenure 
as chairman in the history of the committee was that of Hon. 
Thomas E. Morgan of Pennsylvania who served in that position 
from 1959 until the end of the 94th Congress.
    Other former members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs--
men like Tom Connally of Texas, Champ Clark of Iowa, and J. 
William Fulbright of Arkansas, Mike Mansfield of Montana, and 
Jacob Javits of New York, Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia, and 
Abraham Ribicoff of Connecticut--went to the U.S. Senate where 
they established reputations for their work on international 
affairs legislation.
    Moreover, committee experience has provided a beginning for 
numerous men who have gone on to distinguish themselves in the 
diplomatic service of the country. Among them was Perry 
Belmont, chairman in the 49th and 50th Congresses, who was U.S. 
Minister of Spain in 1888-89 and a noted author of work on 
international policies. His successor as chairman in the 51st 
Congress was Robert R. Hitt of Ohio who was chief of the U.S. 
Delegation in Paris from 1874 to 1881 and subsequently was 
appointed Assistant Secretary of State. Christian A. Herter, 
who served as Secretary of State during the Eisenhower 
administration, was a committee member in the 82d Congress. 
More recent examples are: Chester Bowles, former Under 
Secretary of State; James W. Wadsworth, former U.S. 
Representative of the United Nations; F. Bradford Morse, United 
Nations Development Programs; E. Ross Adair, former Ambassador 
to Ethiopia; William S. Mailliard, former Ambassador to the 
Organization of American States; and J. Danforth Quayle, former 
Vice President of the United States.


                              APPENDIX IV

                              ----------                              


           MEETINGS OF COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS FROM 64TH CONGRESS THROUGH 105TH CONGRESS
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Session                                  Total
                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     Combined
                                    1st     2nd     3rd     4th      Committee     Subcommittee       totals
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
64th Congress (1915-16):
    Committee...................      27      33  ......  ......              60  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0  ......  ......  ..............               0              60
65th Congress (1917-18):
    Committee...................      13      32       5  ......              50  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0       0  ......              50  ..............  ..............
66th Congress (1919-20):
    Committee...................      15      23      20  ......              58  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0       0  ......  ..............               0              58
67th Congress (1921-22):
    Committee...................       6      24       1  ......              49  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0       0  ......  ..............               0              49
68th Congress (1923-24):
    Committee...................      42      15  ......  ......              57  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0  ......  ......  ..............               0              57
69th Congress (1925-26):
    Committee...................      43      16  ......  ......              59  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       3       1  ......  ......  ..............               4              63
70th Congress (1927-28):
    Committee...................      50      25  ......  ......              75  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0  ......  ......  ..............               0              75
71st Congress (1929-30):
    Committee...................     (1)      47      16  ......              63  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................  ......       0       0  ......  ..............               0              63
72d Congress (1931-32):
    Committee...................      45      13  ......  ......              58  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       9       0  ......  ......  ..............               0              58
73d Congress (1933-34):
    Committee...................      13      24  ......  ......              37  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       9  ......  ......  ..............               9              46
74th Congress (1935-36):
    Committee...................      37      37  ......  ......              74  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       7       0  ......  ......  ..............               7              81
75th Congress (1937-38):
    Committee...................      35       1      14  ......              50  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       0       0  ......  ..............               0              50
76th Congress (1939-40):
    Committee...................      46       0      33  ......              79  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       1       0       3  ......  ..............               4              83
77th Congress (1941-42):
    Committee...................      40      25  ......  ......              65  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       0       2  ......  ......  ..............               2              67
78th Congress (1943-44):
    Committee...................      60      56  ......  ......             116  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       2       2  ......  ......  ..............               4             120
79th Congress (1945-46):
    Committee...................      72      33  ......  ......             105  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................       1       0  ......  ......  ..............               1             106
80th Congress (1947-48):
    Committee...................     103     115  ......  ......             218  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      39       6  ......  ......  ..............              45             263
81st Congress (1949-50):
    Committee...................     128     122  ......  ......             250  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      10      36  ......  ......  ..............              46             296
82d Congress (1951-52):
    Committee...................     102      58  ......  ......             160  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      59      41  ......  ......  ..............             100             260
83d Congress (1953-54):
    Committee...................      77      82  ......  ......             159  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      73      49  ......  ......  ..............             122             281
84th Congress (1955-56):
    Committee...................      87      77  ......  ......             164  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      25      35  ......  ......  ..............              60             224
85th Congress (1957-58):
    Committee...................      79      79  ......  ......             158  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      82      41  ......  ......  ..............             123             281
86th Congress (1959-60):
    Committee...................      82      59  ......  ......             141  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      89      81  ......  ......  ..............             170             311
87th Congress (1961-62):
    Committee...................      80      71  ......  ......             151  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................      72      67  ......  ......  ..............             139             290
88th Congress (1963-64):
    Committee...................      88      47  ......  ......             135  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     120      67  ......  ......  ..............             187             322
89th Congress (1965-66):
    Committee...................      61      59  ......  ......             120  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     140     103  ......  ......  ..............             243             363
90th Congress (1967-68):
    Committee...................      74      53  ......  ......             127  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     116      75  ......  ......  ..............             191             318
91st Congress (1969-70):
    Committee...................      59      32  ......  ......              91  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     120     147  ......  ......  ..............             267             358
92d Congress (1971-72):
    Committee...................      40      36  ......  ......              76  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     141     110  ......  ......  ..............             251             327
93rd Congress (1973-74):
    Committee...................      44      53  ......  ......              97  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     222     176  ......  ......  ..............             198             289
94th Congress (1975-76):
    Committee...................      91      52  ......  ......             143  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee................     198     157  ......  ......  ..............             355             498
95th Congress (1977-78):
    Committee \1\...............     113     105  ......  ......             218  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     294     237  ......  ......  ..............             560             778
96th Congress (1979-80):
    Committee \1\...............     135     105  ......  ......             240  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     294     237  ......  ......  ..............             531             771
97th Congress (1981-82):
    Committee \1\...............     120     120  ......  ......             240  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     240     222  ......  ......  ..............             462             702
98th Congress (1983-84):
    Committee \1\...............     126      84  ......  ......             210  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     214     184  ......  ......  ..............             398             608
99th Congress (1985-86):
    Committee \1\...............     130     111  ......  ......             241  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     214     163  ......  ......  ..............             377             618
100th Congress (1987-88):
    Committee \1\...............     143     202  ......  ......             345  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     111     197  ......  ......  ..............             308             653
101st Congress (1989-90):
    Committee \1\...............      90     108  ......  ......             198  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     266     227  ......  ......  ..............             493             691
102d Congress (1991-92):
    Committee \1\...............     107      73  ......  ......             180  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     261     169  ......  ......  ..............             430             610
103rd Congress (1993-94):
    Committee \1\...............     163     129  ......  ......             292  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............     182     133  ......  ......  ..............             315             607
104th Congress (1995-96):
    Committee \1\...............     172     116  ......  ......             288  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............      96      68  ......  ......  ..............             164             452
105th Congress (1997-98):
    Committee \1\...............     143     198  ......  ......             341  ..............  ..............
    Subcommittee \1\............      76      68  ......  ......  ..............             144             485
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The above figures include the combined number of hearings, briefings, and include meetings with
  distinguished visitors and delegations.

                               APPENDIX V

                              ----------                              


    MEMBERS OF THE SUBCOMMITTEES OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL 
      RELATIONS 105TH CONGRESS (JANUARY 7, 1997-OCTOBER 21, 1998)

                INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY AND TRADE

                  Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, FL, Chairperson

Donald A. Manzullo, IL              Sam Gejdenson, CT
Steve Chabot, OH                    Pat Danner, MO
Tom Campbell, CA                    Earl Hilliard, AL
Lindsey Graham, SC                  Brad Sherman, CA
Roy Blunt, MO                       Steven Rothman, NJ
Kevin Brady, TX                     Bob Clement, TN
Doug Bereuter, NE                   Bill Luther, MN
Dana Rohrabacher, CA                Tom Lantos, CA
Richard Burr, NC

                                 AFRICA

                         Ed Royce, CA, Chairman

Amo Houghton, NY                    Robert Menendez, NJ
Steve Chabot, OH                    Donald Payne, NJ
Mark Sanford, SC                    Cynthia McKinney, GA
Tom Campbell, CA                    Alcee Hastings, FL
John McHugh, NY

                          ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

                      Doug Bereuter, NE, Chairman

James A. Leach, CA                  Howard L. Berman, CA
Dana Rohrabacher, CA                Eni F.H. Faleomavaega, AS
Peter King, NY                      Robert Andrews, NJ
Jay Kim, CA                         Sherrod Brown, OH
Matt Salmon, AZ                     Matthew Martinez, CA
Jon Fox, PA                         Alcee Hastings, FL
John McHugh, NY                     Robert Wexler, FL
Donald A. Manzullo, IL              Lois Capps, CA
Ed Royce, CA

               INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS

                   Christopher H. Smith, NJ, Chairman

William F. Goodling, PA             Tom Lantos, CA
Henry Hyde, IL                      Cynthia A. McKinney, GA
Dan Burton, IN                      Gary Ackerman, NY
Cass Ballenger, NC                  Eni F.H. Faleomavaega, AS
Peter King, NY                      Donald Payne, NJ
Matt Salmon, AZ                     Earl Hilliard, AL
Lindsey Graham, SC                  Brad Sherman, CA
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, FL

                           WESTERN HEMISPHERE

                      Elton Gallegly, CA, Chairman

Cass Ballenger, NC                  Gary Ackerman, NY
Mark Sanford, SC                    Jim Davis, FL
Chris Smith, NJ                     Matthew Martinez, CA
Dan Burton, IN                      Robert Andrews, NJ
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, FL             Robert Menendez, NJ
Jay Kim, CA                         Robert Wexler, FL
Roy Blunt, MO                       Steve Rothman, NJ
Kevin Brady, TX
                              APPENDIX VI

                              ----------                              


                                 CHAIRMEN OF THE HOUSE FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Congress                        Dates                         Congressman
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17th..........................................      1821-23  Jonathon Russell
18th..........................................      1823-25  John Forsyth
19th..........................................      1825-27      Do.
20th..........................................      1827-29  Edward Everett
21st..........................................      1829-31  William S. Archer
22nd..........................................      1831-33      Do.
23rd..........................................      1833-35  William S. Archer (1st sess.)
                                                             James M. Wayne (2d sess.)
24th..........................................      1835-37  John Y. Mason (1st sess.)
25th..........................................      1837-39  Benjamin Howard
26th..........................................      1839-41  Francis Pickens
27th..........................................      1841-43  Cabel Cushing (1st sess.)
                                                             John Quincy Adams (2d/3d)
28th..........................................      1843-45  Charles J. Ingersoll
29th..........................................      1845-47      Do.
30th..........................................      1847-49  Truman Smith
31st..........................................      1849-51  John Mclernand
32nd..........................................      1851-53  Thomas H. Bayly
33rd..........................................      1853-55      Do.
34th..........................................      1855-57  Alex C.M. Pennington
35th..........................................      1857-59  Thomas L. Clingman (1st sess.)
                                                             George W. Hopkins (2d sess.)
36th..........................................      1859-61  Thomas Corwin
37th..........................................      1861-63  John J. Crittenden
38th..........................................      1863-65  Henry Winter Davis
39th..........................................      1865-67  Nathaniel Banks
40th..........................................      1867-69      Do.
41st..........................................      1869-71      Do.
42nd..........................................      1871-73      Do.
43rd..........................................      1873-75  Godlove S. Orth
44th..........................................      1875-77  Thomas Swann
45th..........................................      1877-79      Do.
46th..........................................      1879-81  Samuel Cox
47th..........................................      1881-83  C.G. Williams
48th..........................................      1883-85  Andrew Curtin
49th..........................................      1885-87  Perry Belmont
50th..........................................      1887-89  Perry Belmont (1st sess.)
                                                             James B. McCreary (2d sess.)
51st..........................................      1889-91  Robert Hitt
52nd..........................................      1891-93  James Blount
53rd..........................................      1893-95  James B. McCreary
54th..........................................      1895-97  Robert Hitt
55th..........................................      1897-99      Do.
56th..........................................    1899-1901      Do.
57th..........................................      1901-03      Do.
58th..........................................      1903-05      Do.
59th..........................................      1905-07  Robert R. Hitt (1st sess.)
                                                             Robert G. Cousins (2d sess.)
61st..........................................      1909-11  James Breck Perkins (\1/2\ sess.)
                                                             David J. Foster (3d sess.)
62nd..........................................      1911-12  William Sulzer
63rd..........................................      1913-15  Henry D. Flood
64th..........................................      1915-17      Do.
65th..........................................      1917-19      Do.
66th..........................................      1919-21  Stephen G. Porter
67th..........................................      1921-23      Do.
68th..........................................      1923-25      Do.
69th..........................................      1925-27      Do.
70th..........................................      1927-29      Do.
71st..........................................      1929-31  Stephen G. Porter (\1/2\ sess.)
                                                             Henry W. Temple (3d sess.)
72nd..........................................      1931-33  J. Charles Linthicum (1st sess.)
                                                             Sam D. McReynolds (2d sess.)
73rd..........................................      1933-34  Sam D. McReynolds
74th..........................................      1935-36      Do.
75th..........................................      1937-38      Do.
76th..........................................      1939-41  Sam D. McReynolds (\1/2\ sess.)
                                                             Sol Bloom (3d sess.)
77th..........................................      1941-42  Sol Bloom
78th..........................................      1943-44      Do.
79th..........................................      1945-46      Do.
80th..........................................      1947-48  Charles A. Eaton
81st..........................................      1949-51  Sol Bloom (\1/2\ sess.)
81st..........................................      1949-51  John Kee (2d sess.) \3\
82rd..........................................      1951-52  John Kee (1st sess.)
83rd..........................................      1953-54  Robert B. Chiperfield
84st..........................................      1955-56  James P. Richards
85th..........................................      1957-58  Thomas S. Gordon
86th..........................................      1959-60  Thomas E. Morgan
87th..........................................      1961-62      Do.
88th..........................................      1963-64      Do.
89th..........................................      1965-66      Do.
90th..........................................      1967-68      Do.
91st..........................................      1969-70      Do.
92nd..........................................      1971-72      Do.
93rd..........................................      1973-74      Do.
94th..........................................      1975-76      Do.
95th..........................................      1977-78  Clement J. Zablocki
96th..........................................      1979-80      Do.
97th..........................................      1981-82      Do.
98th..........................................      1983-84  Clement J. Zablocki (1st sess.)
                                                             Dante B. Fascell (2d sess.)
99th..........................................      1985-86  Dante B. Fascell
100th.........................................      1987-88      Do.
101st.........................................      1989-90      Do.
102nd.........................................      1991-92      Do.
103rd.........................................      1993-94  Lee H. Hamilton
104th.........................................      1995-96  Benjamin A. Gilman
105th.........................................      1997-98      Do.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\3\ Hon. John Kee died on May 8, 1951. Hon. James P. Richards became chairman for remainder of 82nd Congress.
Note--The data is taken from collections of congressional directories in the Library of Congress, Department of
  State, Supreme Court and the National Archives. The following volumes are missing from all collections: 34th
  Congress 3d session, 37th Congress 1st and 3rd session, 40th Congress 1st session, 55th Congress 1st session,
  58th Congress 1st session, 75th Congress 2nd session, and 76th Congress 2nd session.
Party designations are taken from biographical dictionary of the American Congress, and are unavoidably subject
  to error in the early period, due to the vagueness of party lines and frequent shifting of men from one party
  to another on critical issues. In instances where the Biographical Directory incorrectly refers to Democratic
  Republicans as Democrats the designation have been changed.
The above figures include the combined number of hearings, briefings, and include meetings with distinguished
  visitors and delegations.


                                                         APPENDIX VII.--COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS LEGISLATIVE PROGRESS CHART
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Subcommittee action          Committee action                                  Senate action                         Conference
                                --------------------------------------------------------                 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                          House action,                                                    House        Senate    Public Law No.
   No. of Legislation, Title                               Hearing and  Report, No. and   vote and date   Report, No. and   Passed, vote   Report, No.    agreed,      agreed,       and date
                                   Hearing      Approved     (Markup)         date                              date          and date       and date     vote and     vote and
                                                                                                                                                            date         date
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
H.R. 581, Family Planning        ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  231-194........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Facilitation and Abortion                                                               2/13/97........
 Funding Restriction.
H.R. 633, Amend Foreign Service  ...........      7/24/98     (8/6/98)  105-755, pt. 1.  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-382
 Act of 1980.                                                           9/28/98........  10/5/98........                   10/20/98......                                         11/13/98
H.R. 695, Security and Freedom   ...........      6/24/97    (7/22/97)  105-108, II....  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Through Encryption (SAFE) Act.                                         7/25/97........
H.R. 750, Support Autonomous     ...........       3/5/97     (3/6/97)  *..............  416-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Governance of Hong Kong.                                                                3/11/97........
H.R. 967, Free the Clergy Act    ...........  ...........    (9/26/97)  105-309, pt 1..  366-54.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 (Prohibit Use of U.S. Funds to                              (9/29/97)  10/6/97........  11/6/97........
 Finance Visits of Certain                                   (9/30/97)
 Chinese Officials).
H.R. 1003, Assisted Suicide      ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  398-16.........  ...............  99-0..........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-12
 Funding Restriction.                                                                    4/10/97........                   4/16/97.......                                         4/30/97
H.R. 1116, Clint and Fabens      ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-169
 School Districts.                                                                       9/29/97........                   4/1/98........                                         4/24/98
H.R. 1129, Microcredit for Self- ...........  ...........    (10/9/97)  *..............  393-21.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Reliance Act.                                                                           11/9/97........
H.R. 1253, Foreign Relations     ...........      4/10/97  ...........  ...............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Authorization FY 98.
H.R. 1432, African Growth and    ...........      5/22/97    (6/25/97)  105-423, pt. 1.  233-186........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Opportunity Act.                                                       3/2/98.........  3/11/98........
H.R. 1486, Foreign Policy        ...........  ...........    (4/30/97)  105-94.........  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Reform Act (see H.R. 1757).                                  (5/1/97)  5/9/97.........
                                                              (5/6/97)
H.R. 1757, State Department      ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  105-28.........  90-5..........      105-432        Voice        51-49  VETO
 Authorization Act (Senate Bill                                                          6/11/97........  6/13/97........  6/17/97.......      3/10/98        (\1\)      4/28/98  10/21/98
 S. 903).                                                                                                                                                   3/26/98
H.R. 1758, European Security     ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Act.                                                                                    6/11/97........
H.R. 1787, Asian Elephants.....  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  Voice.........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-96
                                                                                         10/21/97.......                   11/8/97.......                                         11/19/97
H.R. 2035, Transfer Naval        ...........  ...........    (6/25/97)  *..............  426-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Vessels to Certain Foreign                                                              7/15/97........
 Countries.
H.R. 2064, Jobs and Exports      ...........      7/16/97  ...........  ...............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Renewal Act of 1997.
H.R. 2195, Laogai Slave Labor    ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  419-2-1........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Products Act of 1997.                                                                   11/5/97........
H.R. 2232, Radio Free Asia Act   ...........      9/25/97    (9/29/97)  105-303........  401-21.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 of 1997.                                                               10/6/97........  11/9/97........
H.R. 2358, Polticial Freedom in  ...........      9/25/97    (9/29/97)  105-305........  416-5..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 China Act of 1997.                                                     10/6/97........  11/5/97........
H.R. 2386, U.S.-Taiwan Anti-     ...........  ...........    (9/30/97)  105-308, pt. 1.  301-116........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Ballistic Missile Defense                                              10/6/97........  11/6/97........
 Coop. Act.
H.R. 2341, Freedom From          ...........      9/18/97       9/9/97  105-480, pt.1..  375-41-1.......  ...............  98-0..........  ...........     10/10/98  ...........  105-292
 Religious Persecution Act.                                    9/10/97  4/1/98.........  5/14/98........                   10/9/98.......               (\1\) Voice               10/27/98
                                                             (3/25/97)
H.R. 2647, Commerical            ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  408-10.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Activities of PLA of China.                                                             11/7/97........
H.R. 2678, International Child   ...........      2/12/98  ...........  ...............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Labor Elimination Act.
H.R. 2709, Iran Missile          ...........  ...........   (10/24/97)  105-375........  Voice 11/12/97.  ...............  90-4..........  ...........  392-22-3(\1  ...........  veto
 Proliferation Sanctions Act.                                           11/4/97........                                    5/22/98.......                        \)               6/23/98
                                                                                                                                                             6-9-98
H.R. 2786, Iran MIssile          ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Protection Act.                                                                         3/30/98........
H.R. 2870, Tropical Forest       ...........  ...........       3/4/98  105-443........  356-61.........  ...............  U.C...........         U.C.  ...........      105-214
 Protection Act.                                             (3/11/98)  3/13/98........  3/19/98........                   7/14/98.......        (\1\)                   7/29/98
                                                                                                                                               7/15/98
H.R. 3743, Iran Nuclear          ...........  ...........    (7/22/98)  ...............  405-13.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Proliferation Prevention Act.                                                           8/3/98.........
H.R. 4083, USIA T.V. Program     ...........      7/24/98     (8/6/98)  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-373
 ``Windows of America''.                                                                 9/14/98........                   10/21/98......                                         11/12/98
H.R. 4095, Arms Sales Code of    ...........      7/21/98  ...........  ...............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Conduct with Wassenaar
 Countries.
H.R. 4283, Africa Seeds of Hope  ...........  ...........    (7/22/98)  105-681, pt.1..  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  Voice (\1\)  ...........  105-385
 Act.                                                                   8/6/98.........  9/28/98........                   10/20/98......                  10/20/98               11/13/98
H.R. 4293, Ireland Cultural      ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  Voice.........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-319
 Training Program.                                                                       10/7/98........                   10/8/98.......                                         10/30/98
H.R. 4300, Western Hemisphere    ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  384-39.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Drug Elimination Act.                                                                   9/16/98........
H.R. 4309, Torture Victims       ...........      7/24/98     (8/6/98)  105-709, part 1  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........     10/10/98  ...........  105-320
 Relief Act.                                                            9/14/98........  9/14/98........                   10/8/98.......                     (\1\)               10/30/98
                                                                                                                                                              Voice
H.R. 4506, The International     ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice 10/8/98..  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Child Labor Relief Act.
H.R. 4655, Iraq Liberation Act   ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  360-38.........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-338
 of 1998.                                                                                10/5/98........                   10/7/98.......                                         10/31/98
H.R. 4660, Rewards for           ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  Voice.........  ...........        Voice  ...........  105-323
 Individuals Sought for                                                                  10/8/98........                   10/14/98......                  10/15/98               10/30/98
 Violations of International                                                                                                                                  (\1\)
 Humanitarian Law.
H.R. 4757, Dante Fascell North/  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 South Center.                                                                           10/12/98.......
H.R. 4805, Executive Branch      ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Travel Reports.                                                                         10/13/98.......
H.R. 4851, Bushehr Nuclear       ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Power Plant in Iran.                                                                    10/20/98.......
H. Res. 49, Honoring Pamela      ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Harriman.                                                                               2/13/97........
H. Res. 68, Treaty of Mutual     ...........       3/5/97     (3/6/97)  *..............  403-16.........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Cooperation Between the U.S.                                                            3/11/97........
 and Japan.
H. Res. 103, Maintain Military   ...........  ...........     (5/6/97)  *..............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Personnel in Asia Pacific
 Region.
H. Res. 115, Promotion of Peace  ...........  ...........    (4/16/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 in Zaire.                                                                               (4/17/97)......
H. Res. 121, Regarding the       ...........      4/23/97     (5/7/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Terrorist Grenade Attack in                                                             (5/21/97)......
 Cambodia.
H. Res. 157, Congratulating      ...........      7/24/97  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 People of India and Pakistan.                                                           (7/31/97)......
H. Res. 175, Urging Peace in     ...........          \2\    (6/25/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Congo.                                                                                  7/28/97........
H. Res. 188, Iran and C-802      ...........  ...........    (9/26/97)  105-304........  414-8..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Cruise Missiles.                                                       10/6/97........  11/6/97........
H. Res. 191, E.C. Regarding      ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  416-3..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Merger of Boeing and McDonnell                                                          7/22/97........
 Douglas.
H. Res. 195, Crisis in Cambodia  ...........      7/24/97  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
                                                                                         7/28/97........
H. Res. 217, Recognizing         ...........  ...........    (9/11/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Contributions Made by Austrian-                                                         9/24/97........
 Americans.
H. Res. 219, Expressing          ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Condolences on the Death of                                                             9/4/97.........
 Princess Diana.
H. Res. 227, Condolences on the  ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  U.C............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Death of Mother Teresa.                                                                 9/11/97........
H. Res. 231, Support of          ...........     10/29/97   (10/31/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Democracy and Religious                                                                 11/13/97.......
 Freedom in Vietnam.
H. Res. 245, Self-Determination  ...........      10/8/97    (10/9/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 for People of Western Sahara.                                                           11/9/97........
H. Res. 273, Angola's Military   ...........     10/23/97   (10/31/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Intervention into Congo.                                                                11/13/97.......
H. Res. 282, Congratulating      ...........     10/29/97   (10/31/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 ASEAN on its 30th Anniversary.                                                          11/13/97.......
H. Res. 322, Destruction of      ...........  ...........   (11/13/97)  *..............  U.C............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Iraqi Weapons of Mass                                                                   11/13/97.......
 Destruction.
H. Res. 350, Sri Lanka's 50th    ...........      2/12/98     (4/1/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Anniversary.                                                                            4/28/98........
H. Res. 361, Elections in        ...........       3/5/98    (3/11/98)  *..............  393-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Cambodia.                                                                               3/17/98........
H. Res. 362, Pope's Visit to          3/4/98       3/4/98    (7/22/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Cuba.                                                                                   9/15/98........
H. Res. 364, Human Rights in     ...........      2/25/98    (3/11/98)  *..............  397-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 PRC.                                              3/5/98                                3/17/98........
H. Res. 373, Commending          ...........       3/4/98    (3/12/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Democracy in Botswana.                                                                  3/17/98........
H. Res. 374, Violence in         ...........       3/4/98     (4/1/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Algeria.                                                                                4/28/98........
H. Res. 381, Extradition Treaty  ...........  ...........    (9/10/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 With Mexico.                                                                            9/15/98........
H. Res. 392, Japan-American      ...........      5/14/98     (6/5/98)  105-607, pt1...  391-2..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Relations, Eliminate Trade                                             6/25/98........  7/20/98........
 Barriers.
H. Res. 398, Blackhawks to       ...........  ...........    (3/26/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Colombia.                                                                               3/30/98........
H. Res. 404, 100 Years of        ...........      5/14/98     (6/5/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Relations with the Philippines.                                                         6/9/98.........
H. Res. 415, Promote             ...........      6/24/98    (7/22/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Independent Radio Broadcasting                                                          9/14/98........
 in Africa.
H. Res. 421, Murder of           ...........      5/13/98    (7/21/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Guatemalan Bishop.                                                                      9/9/98.........
H. Res.. 459, 50 years           ...........      7/16/98    (7/21/98)  *..............  400-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Relations Between U.S. and                                                              9/9/98.........
 Korea.
H. Res. 469, Assistance to       ...........  ...........    (7/21/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Mexico for Wildfires.                                                                   8/3/98.........
H. Res. 475, Achieve Goal of     ...........  ...........    (7/22/98)  *..............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 1997 Microcredit Summit.                                                                ...............
H. Res. 505, Relations with      ...........       9/9/98    (9/10/98)  *..............  414-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Pacific Island Nations.                                                                 9/23/98........
H. Res. 518, Free Electiosn in   ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Gabon.                                                                                  10/13/98.......
H. Res. 523, Terrorist Bombings  ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 in East Africa.                                                                         10/10/98.......
H. Res. 533, Culpability for     ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Hun Sen for War Crimes in                                                               10/10/98.......
 Cambodia.
H. Res. 557, Holocaust Assets..  ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  427-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
                                                                                         10/9/98........
H. Res. 559, Condemning          ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Violence in Sierra Leone.                                                               10/10/98.......
H. Res. 562, Return of           ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 wrongfully confiscated                                                                  10/13/98.......
 properties in formerly
 totalitarian countries.
H. Res. 566, Sale of Diversion   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 of Great Lakes Water.                                                                   10/20/98.......
H. Res. 610, Regarding People    ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 of Mozambique.                                                                          10/20/98.......
H. Con. Res. 16, Improve Living  ...........       3/5/97     (3/6/97)  *..............  415-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Standards of South Asians.                                                              3/11/97........
H. Con. Res. 17, Congratulating  ...........  ...........     (3/4/97)  *..............  416-0-2........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 the People of Guatemala.                                                                3/5/97.........
H. Con. Res. 18, Congratulating  ...........  ...........     (3/4/97)  *..............  417-0-3........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 the People of Nicaragua.                                                                3/5/97.........
H. Con. Res. 22, Discrimination  ...........  ...........   (10/31/97)  *..............  (\3\)..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 by German Government Against
 Religious Groups.
H. Con. Res. 50, Bombing of      ...........  ...........     (5/7/97)  *..............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Israeli Embassy in Buenos
 Aires.
H. Con. Res. 60, 30th            ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  406-17-1.......  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Anniversary of City of                                                                  6/10/97........
 Jerusalem.
H. Con. Res. 63, 50th            ...........  ...........     (5/7/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Anniversary of the Marshall                                                             5/21/97........
 Plan.
H. Con. Res. 73, Death of Chaim  ...........  ...........     (5/6/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Herzog.                                                                                 5/13/97........
H. Con. Res. 74, Situation       ...........      7/24/97  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Between Dem. People's Republic                                                          7/28/97........
 of Korea and Republic of Korea.
H. Con. Res. 81, Peaceful        ...........  ...........    (6/25/97)  *..............  417-4..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Resolution to Situation in                                                              7/22/97........
 Cyprus.
H. Con. Res. 88, Congratulating  ...........      6/25/97    (6/25/97)  *..............  419-3..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 El Salvador on Elections.                                                               7/22/97........
H. Con. Res. 99, Condemning      ...........      6/24/97    (6/25/97)  *..............  418-1-1........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Coup in Sierra Leone.                                                                   7/22/97........
H. Con. Res. 105, Elections in   ...........  ...........    (6/25/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Albania.                                                                                6/26/97........
H. Con. Res. 121, Proliferation  ...........  ...........    (10/9/97)  *..............  ...............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 of Missile Technology from
 Russia to Iran.
H. Con. Res. 124, Aggression by  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Canadian Fishermen.                                                                     7/28/97........
H. Con. Res. 130, Situation in   ...........      10/1/97    (10/9/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Kenya.                                                                                  11/13/97.......
H. Con. Res. 133, Terrorist      ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  427-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Bombing in Jerusalem.                                                                   7/30/97........
H. Con. Res. 137, International  ...........  ...........    (9/11/97)  *..............  396-2..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Criminal Tribunal Regarding                                                             11/13/97.......
 Iraq.
H. Con. Res. 139, U.S.           ...........  ...........    (9/11/97)  *..............  415-2..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Participation in EXPO 2000 in                                                           11/9/97........
 Hannover, Germany.
H. Con. Res. 146, Terrorist      ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Bombing in Jerusalem.                                                                   9/5/97.........
H. Con. Res. 152, All Parties    ...........  ...........   (10/31/97)  *..............  407-2-1........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 of N. Ireland Peace Talks                                                               3/18/98se 222,.
 Condemn Violence.
H. Con. Res. 156, Continued      ...........     10/29/97   (10/31/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Deterioration of Human Rights                                                           11/9/97........
 in Afghanistan.
H. Con. Res. 172, Friendship     ...........     10/29/97   (10/31/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 and Cooperation between U.S.                                                            11/13/97.......
 and Mongolia.
H. Con. Res. 185, 50th           ...........      7/24/98     (8/6/98)  *..............  370-2..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Anniversary of the Universal                                                            9/14/98........                   10/21/98......
 Declaration of Human Rights.
H. Con. Res. 215, Guyana's       ...........       3/4/98     (4/1/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Elections.                                                                              4/28/98........
H. Con. Res. 218, Cease-Fire in  ...........       3/5/98     (4/1/98)  *..............  391-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Afghanistan.                                                                            4/28/98........
H. Con. Res. 220, American       ...........  ...........    (4/23/98)  *..............  406-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Victims of Terrorism.                                                                   5/5/98.........
H. Con. Res. 222,                ...........       3/4/98     (4/1/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Congratulating OAS-CIAV for                                                             4/28/98........
 Nicaragua Transition.
H. Con. Res. 224, International  ...........  ...........    (7/21/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Cooperation in Recovering                                                               9/14/98........                   10/21/98......
 Abducted Children.
H. Con. Res. 227, Armed Forces   ...........  ...........    (3/10/98)  105-442........  (4)............  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 in Bosnia.                                                  (3/11/98)  3/13/98........
H. Con. Res. 230, Berlin         ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Airlift.                                                                                6/25/98........
H. Con. Res. 235, Repression of  ...........  ...........    (3/12/98)  ...............  406-1-1........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 People of Kosova.                                                                       3/18/98........
H. Con. Res. 254, Extradition    ...........      5/13/98    (7/21/98)  ...............  371-0..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 of Joanne Chesimard from Cuba.                                                          9/14/98........                   10/21/98......
H. Con. Res. 270, Peace and      ...........      5/21/98     (6/5/98)  ...............  411-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Security for Taiwan.                                                                    6/9/98.........
H. Con. Res. 277, New Tribes     ...........  ...........    (7/21/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ..............
 Mission Hostage Crisis.                                                                 9/9/98.........                   10/21/98......
H. Con. Res. 284, Tiananmen      ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  305-116........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Square Ceremony.                                                                        6/4/98.........
H. Con. Res. 292, End Conflict   ...........      6/24/98    (7/22/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Between Eritries and Ethiopia.                                                          9/9/98.........
H. Con. Res. 295, 65th           ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Anniversary of Ukrain Famine.                                                           10/10/98.......
H. Con. Res. 301, U.S.           ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  390-1..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Commitment to Taiwan.                                                                   7/20/98........
H. Con. Res. 304, Slobodan       ...........  ...........    (9/10/98)  ...............  369-1-1........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Milosevic War Crimes.                                                                   9/14/98........
                                                                                         (\5\)..........
H. Con. Res. 309, Forced         ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Abduction of Ugandan children.                                                          10/8/98........
H. Con. Res. 315, Atrocities     ...........  ...........    (9/10/98)  ...............  410-0-1........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Against Albanians in Kosovo.                                                            9/23/98........
H. Con. Res. 320, Support for    ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  417-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Baltic People.                                                                          10/10/98.......
H. Con. Res. 331, Inadequate     ...........  ...........    (10/2/98)  *..............  (\6\)..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Sewage Structures in Tijuana,
 Mexico.
H. Con. Res. 334, Taiwan         ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  418-0..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Participation in World Health                                                           10/10/98.......
 Operation.
H.J. Res. 58, Disapproving       ...........  ...........     (3/6/97)  105-10.........  251-175........  ...............  Voice.........  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Certification for Mexico.                                              3/10/97........  3/13/97........                   3/20/97.......
H.J. Res. 102, 50th Anniversary  ...........  ...........     (4/1/98)  ...............  402-0..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-175
 of Israel.                                                                              4/28/98........                   1/29/98.......                                         5/11/98
H.J. Res. 125, Finding Iraq in   ...........  ...........    (7/21/98)  ...............  (\7\)..........  ...............  ..............  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Breach or Int'l Obligations.
S. Con. Res. 4, Commending       ...........  ...........     (2/5/97)  *..............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Secretary of State Warren                                                               3/5/97.........                   1/22/97.......
 Christopher.
S. Con. Res. 37, Little League   ...........      2/12/98     (4/1/98)  *..............  398-0..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Baseball.                                                                               4/28/98........                   10/29/97......
S. Con. Res. 105, Slobodan       ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
 Milosevic War Crimes.                                                                   9/14/98........                   7/17/98.......
S. 342, Extend Priveleges to     ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-22
 Hong Kong Economic and Trade                                                            6/17/97........                   5/20/97.......                                         6/27/97
 Offices.
S. 759, Report on Diplomatic     ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-375
 Immunity.                                                                               10/14/98.......                   11/8/97.......                                         11/12/98
S. 1211, Extension of Au Pair    ...........  ...........  ...........  ...............  377-33.........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-48
 Programs.                                                                               9/29/97........                   9/25/97.......                                         10/1/97
S. 1564, Holocaust Victims       ...........  ...........  ...........  **.............  Voice..........  ...............  U.C...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  105-158
 Redress Act.                                                                            1/27/98........                   11/13/97......                                         2/13/98
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Motion passed to seek consideration on House Suspension Calendar.
**Called up under Unanimous Consent; Committee discharged.
(1) House agreed to Senate amendment.
(2) 6/24/97, Subcommittee on Africa marked up draft of H. Res. 175.
(3) 11/9/97, House failed to suspend the rules and agree to H. Con. Res. 22 by a vote of 101-318.
(4) 3/18/98, Failed passage in House by vote of 193-225.
(5) See S. Con. Res. 105, a similar measure.
(6) 10/9/98, House failed to suspend the rules and agree to H. Con. Res. 331 by a vote of 250-174.
(7) House passes a similar measure, S.J. Res. 54 8/3/98--later became Public Law 105-235 on 8/14/98.