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                                                       Calendar No. 449
105th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE

  2d Session                                                    105-235
_______________________________________________________________________


 
DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED 
                   AGENCIES APPROPRIATION BILL, 1999

                                _______
                                
                  July 2, 1998.--Ordered to be printed

   Filed, under authority of the order of the Senate of June 26, 1998

_______________________________________________________________________


    Mr. Gregg, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                         [To accompany S. 2260]

    The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 2260) 
making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce, Justice, 
and State, the judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal 
year ending September 30, 1999, and for other purposes, reports 
favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.


Amount in new budget (obligational) authority

Total bill as reported to Senate........................ $33,239,060,000
Amount of appropriations, 1998..........................  32,123,907,000
Amount of budget estimates, 1999, as amended............  36,886,233,000
The bill as reported to the Senate:
    Above the appropriations for 1998...................   1,115,153,000
    Below the estimates for 1999........................   3,647,173,000


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Summary of estimates and recommendations.........................     3
Title I--Department of Justice...................................     7
Title II--Department of Commerce and related agencies............    71
Title III--The judiciary.........................................   110
Title IV--Department of State and related agencies...............   118
Title V--Related agencies:
    Department of Transportation: Maritime Administration........   142
    Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad.   144
    Commission on Civil Rights...................................   144
    Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.............   145
    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission......................   145
    Federal Communications Commission............................   146
    Federal Maritime Commission..................................   146
    Federal Trade Commission.....................................   146
    National Gambling Impact Study Commission....................   149
    Legal Services Corporation...................................   149
    Marine Mammal Commission.....................................   150
    Commission on Ocean Policy...................................   150
    Securites and Exchange Commission............................   150
    Small Business Administration................................   151
    State Justice Institute......................................   155
Title VI--General provisions.....................................   156
Title VII--Rescissions...........................................   160
Compliance with paragraph 7, rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   161
Compliance with paragraph 7(c), rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................   162
Compliance with paragraph 12, rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   163
Budgetary impact.................................................   175

                Summary of Estimates and Recommendations

    The budget estimates for the departments and agencies 
included in the accompanying bill are contained in the budget 
of the United States for fiscal year 1999 submitted on February 
2, 1998 and budget amendments submitted on May 18, and June 8, 
1998.
    The total amount of new budget authority recommended by the 
Committee for fiscal year 1999 is $33,249,060,000. This amount 
is an increase of $1,125,153,000 above appropriations enacted 
for fiscal year 1998 for these departments and agencies. The 
Committee recommendation is $3,637,173,000 below the budget 
estimates as amended. This significant difference is partly a 
result of the Committee's decision not to approve advanced 
appropriations.

                         highlights of the bill

    The bill provides funds for fighting crime, enhancing drug 
enforcement, responding to the threat of terrorism, addressing 
the shortcomings of the immigration process, continuing the 
judicial process, conducting commerce within the United States, 
proceeding with State Department operations, and fullfilling 
the needs of various independent agencies. Highlights of the 
bill include:
Department of Justice
  --$210,000,000 for a new schools without violence initiative 
        to address the recent shootings in schools;
  --$144,009,000 to enhance law enforcement activities in 
        Indian country;
  --Increases to fight the proliferation of crime and drugs;
  --Additional funding to address a comprehensive and 
        coordinated response for counterterrorism efforts, 
        including $197,000,000 to improve State and local 
        response capabilities;
  --Additional funding for 1,000 Border Patrol agents and 
        associated staff;
  --$5,204,000 in additional funding to enhance the FBI's 
        capabilities to combat child abductions and serial 
        killings;
  --$21,794,000 to establish DEA regional drug enforcement 
        teams;
  --Additional funding to DEA for methamphetamine and heroin 
        investigations;
  --$379,197,000 for new and expanded prison facilities;
  --Increased funding for the Office of Justice Programs 
        including $7,000,000 for grants to firefighters and 
        emergency service personnel, $17,168,000 for the 
        Missing Children Program, and a $5,000,000 increase for 
        the regional information sharing system;
  --$4,643,207,000 to support State and local law enforcement 
        including $1,440,000,000 for the Community Oriented 
        Policing Services [COPS] Program, an increase to 
        $282,750,000 for the Violence Against Women Program, 
        $711,000,000 for State prison grants, $552,000,000 for 
        the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law 
        Enforcement Grant Program, and $40,000,000 for drug 
        courts; and
  --$284,597,000 for juvenile justice programs.
Department of Commerce
  --The U.S. Trade Representative is funded at the requested 
        level and the International Trade Commission is funded 
        at $45,500,000;
  --The Committee recommends funding the International Trade 
        Administration at $312,167,000. The Bureau of Export 
        Administration [BXA] is funded at $45,671,000;
  --The Minority Business Development Agency is funded at 
        $25,276,000;
  --The Bureau of the Census is given full funding for the 
        decennial census. The same sampling language approved 
        by the Senate during the fiscal year 1997 supplemental 
        bill is addressed in the bill;
  --The National Telecommunications and Information 
        Administration is funded at $42,840,000. The public 
        broadcasting grant program, for which there was no 
        fiscal year 1998 request, is funded at $20,900,000. The 
        Information Infrastructure grants are funded at 
        $11,000,000;
  --The bill funds the ATP program at $192,500,000 and the MEP 
        program at $106,800,000; and
  --An increase in funding for the National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration and the National Weather 
        Service.
The judiciary
  --Maintains current operations;
  --Continues renovation of the Supreme Court building;
  --Provides increases to address the growing probation 
        population; and
  --Provides a cost-of-living increase for justices and judges.
Department of State
  --Maintains current operations;
  --Provides increases for infrastructure investments in 
        computers, communications, and facilities;
  --Maintains international commitments; and
  --Funds U.N. arrears.
Related agencies
  --The related agencies title funds the full budget of the 
        Security and Exchange Commission, which is offset by 
        offsetting receipts, adequate funding for the Small 
        Business Administration, the Equal Employment 
        Opportunity Commission, the Federal Communications 
        Commission, and the Legal Services Corporation.

            reprogrammings, reorganizations, and relocations

    As in previous years, the Committee has inserted section 
605 under title VI of the general provisions of the bill. This 
section restates previous law with regard to the reprogramming 
of funds between programs or activities.
    The House and Senate reports accompanying the 
appropriations bills of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, 
and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies for several 
years contained sections concerning the reprogramming of funds 
between programs or activities. The Committee expects each 
department and agency to follow closely the reprogramming 
procedures listed below which are similar to provisions that 
applied in statute during fiscal year 1997.
    The Committee desires and expects that both the House and 
Senate chairmen of the Subcommittees on the Departments of 
Commerce, Justice, and State, the judiciary, and related 
agencies will be notified by letter a minimum of 15 days prior 
to:
  --Reprogramming of funds, whether permanent or temporary, in 
        excess of $1,000,000 or 20 percent, whichever is more, 
        between programs or activities. This provision is also 
        applicable in cases where several activities are 
        involved with each receiving less than $1,000,000. In 
        addition, the Committee desires to be notified of 
        reprogramming actions which are less than these amounts 
        if such actions would have the effect of committing the 
        agency to significant funding requirements in future 
        years;
  --Increasing funds or personnel by any means for any project 
        or activity for which funds have been denied or 
        restricted;
  --Creation of new programs, offices, agencies, or 
        commissions, or substantial augmentations of existing 
        programs, offices, agencies, or commissions;
  --Relocations of offices or employees;
  --Reorganization of offices, programs, or activities; and
  --Contracts out or privatizes any functions or activities 
        presently performed by Federal employees.
     The Committee directs each department or agency to notify 
the Committee when the amount of political appointees rises 
above 10 percent from either of the previous 2 years or when 
five political appointees are added. The Committee should be 
notified 30 days before either of these situations occurs. 
Similar notification should be provided when the same number of 
personnel positions are converted from political appointments 
to civil service positions.
    In addition, the Committee directs departments or agencies 
funded in the accompanying bill that are planning to conduct a 
reduction in force to notify the Committees by letter 30 days 
in advance of the date of the proposed personnel action. Also, 
the Committee directs that any items which are subject to 
interpretation will be reported.
    Government Performance and Results Act [GPRA].--The 
Committee has received a number of strategic plans from 
different organizations receiving appropriated funds within the 
bill. The Committee found weaknesses with the fiscal year 1999 
performance plans of the Departments of Commerce and State and 
the Small Business Administration. The Committee is especially 
troubled by the lack of results-oriented, measurable goals in 
these performance plans. The Committee is also concerned that 
the plans did not uniformly display clear linkages between 
performance goals and the program activities in agencies' 
budget requests. Also, some plans did not sufficiently describe 
approaches to produce credible performance information.
    The Committee considers the full and effective 
implementation of the Results Act to be a priority for all 
agencies under its jurisdiction. We recognize that 
implementation will be an interactive process, likely to 
involve several appropriations cycles. The Committee will 
consider agencies' progress in addressing weaknesses in 
strategic and annual performance plans in tandem with their 
funding requests in light of their strategic goals. This effort 
will help determine whether any changes or realignments would 
facilitate a more accurate and informed presentation of 
budgetary information. Agencies are encouraged to consult with 
the Committee as they consider such revisions prior to 
finalizing any requests.
Rescissions
    The Committee mark rescinds a total of $68,204,000 from the 
Department of Justice and $2,090,000 from the Department of 
Commerce. Rescission amounts are based on estimates provided to 
the Committee on or before June 23, 1998.
    Proposed rescissions include: $45,326,000 from the working 
capital fund at the Department of Justice; $22,878,000 from 
various accounts within the FBI; $915,000 from the U.S. Travel 
and Tourism Administration; and $1,175,000 from the Endowment 
for Children's Educational TV.

                     TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

    The Committee has made funding for law enforcement the 
centerpiece of the fiscal year 1999 appropriations bill.
    The Committee recommends $17,802,267,000 in new budget 
(obligational) authority in the accompanying bill for the 
Department of Justice with a strong emphasis on law enforcement 
activities for fiscal year 1999. This amount is $37,807,000 
more than the fiscal year 1998 funding level.
    Coordinated drug strategy.--Last year, Congress directed 
the Attorney General to develop a strategic plan for drug 
enforcement activities in the Department of Justice with short-
term and long-term goals that were specific and measurable. The 
Committee received a draft copy of the drug control strategic 
plan on March 31, 1998, and commends the Department for its 
efforts in preparing a comprehensive departmental drug 
strategy. However, the Committee increasingly believes that 
this Nation's overall drug strategy simply is not working. Drug 
use by teenagers has increased precipitously since 1991. The 
percentage of eighth graders who used any illicit drug during 
the previous year has virtually doubled since 1991. More than 
40 percent of 12th graders admit to having used illicit drugs 
during the past year. This figure has increased 60 percent over 
the past 5 years. The Committee is alarmed by these trends and 
is committed to reversing them.
    The Committee believes that additional emphasis is needed 
to coordinate efforts among the many participating departments 
and agencies that have personnel, resources, and expertise to 
contribute to this critical mission and to move efforts forward 
in a multilateral and institutionalized manner. Therefore, the 
Committee directs the Attorney General to build on the drug 
control strategic plan by consulting with the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, 
the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Director of the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Administrator of the Drug 
Enforcement Administration, the Director of Central 
Intelligence, and drawing upon expertise of academia, the 
private sector and State and local law enforcement, to develop 
a 5-year interdepartmental drug strategy which outlines plans 
for preventing, deterring, and reducing drug usage. The plan 
should be coordinated with the Director of the Office of 
National Drug Control Policy and should be representative of 
all participating agencies.
    The Committee expects that this plan will serve as a new 
baseline strategy for coordination of national policy and 
operational capabilities to combat drug use and will be updated 
annually to institutionalize this effort. A prospectus shall be 
submitted in an expanded outline format with estimated time 
lines and major milestones for completion of the drug strategy 
plan to the Committee on Appropriations of both the House and 
Senate no later than February 1, 1999. The final plan should be 
coordinated with the Director of the Office of National Drug 
Control Policy and shall be submitted to the Appropriations 
Committees no later than December 31, 1999.
    Consolidation of accounting systems.--The Department has 
seven different accounting systems, several of which have not 
yet been fully implemented with the standard Federal financial 
systems requirements. The Committee understands that the 
Department is installing three new commercial off-the-shelf 
financial management systems within the Drug Enforcement 
Administration, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and 
the U.S. Marshals Service. This current approach reversed the 
direction taken by the previous administration which focused on 
collapsing the number of accounting systems within a 
department.
    While the Department continues to invest funds to upgrade 
all seven accounting systems to meet standard Federal 
requirements, it still has not invested in the implementation 
of a departmentwide financial reporting system to provide 
integrated summary level financial information. The lack of 
such a capability is a serious concern to the Committee because 
of the significant growth in the resources being entrusted to 
the management of the Department. The Committee understands the 
Department has deferred plans to create such a system due to 
competing program and funding priorities. Therefore, we direct 
the Department to make this initiative a priority and to use 
funds available from the Justice working capital fund [WCF] 
retained earnings account in fiscal year 1998 and beyond to 
plan, develop, and implement a departmentwide financial 
reporting system. The Committee expects the system to become 
operational by the end of fiscal year 1999 and to begin to 
provide the Committee necessary data in fiscal year 2000. 
Permanent funding to maintain, enhance, and operate the system 
should be included in the Department's fiscal year 2000 budget 
request. In the interim, the Committee directs the Department 
to provide the Committee with monthly status reports for all 
directly appropriated funds and those accounts the Department 
labels fee accounts.
    Further, the Committee directs that the Attorney General 
provide budget year plus 4 years of data for each program line 
item beginning with the fiscal year 2000 congressional 
justification book material submitted by the Department in 
support of the President's annual budget request. These 5 years 
of data shall reflect the administration and Attorney General's 
long-range funding plan for each program and the Committee 
expects such funding to reflect requirements needed to satisfy 
the Department's strategic plan.
    Government Performance and Results Act.--The Committee 
commends the Assistant Attorney General for Administration for 
his efforts in preparing the Department's performance plan. The 
plan was received in a timely fashion and contained objective, 
measurable performance goals. The strength of the performance 
plan was its presentation of reasonably clear strategies for 
its intended performance goals. The Committee urges the 
Department to follow the recommendations of the General 
Accounting Office in preparation of its fiscal year 2000 plan. 
Next year, the Department will have had 2 years to implement 
and perfect its plan. The Committee will use this plan in 
making recommendations for fiscal year 2000.

                         General Administration

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $76,199,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      89,488,000
Committee recommendation................................      76,199,000

    This account funds the development of policy objectives and 
the overall management of the Department of Justice.
    The Committee recommends a total of $76,199,000 for fiscal 
year 1999 for general administration. The recommendation is 
identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $13,289,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request. The reduction in this 
account is largely the result of the Committee's recommendation 
to fund the joint automated booking system [JABS] under a 
separate account. Within available resources, $100,000 is 
provided to study judicial issues in Alaska.
    The Committee recommendation includes the transfer of 
$5,000,000 to Justice Management Division from the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service [INS] ``Immigration examinations 
fees'' account for INS oversight, including semiannual outside 
audits of the naturalization and records centralization 
processes.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, that: (1) freezes 
manpower levels in the Department Leadership Program and the 
Offices of Legislative [OLA] and Public Affairs [PAO]; and (2) 
prohibits augmentation of OLA and PAO with reimbursable or 
nonreimbursable details. Also, new language allows the Attorney 
General to transfer seized property of marginal value to 
community groups.

                     joint automated booking system

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     $10,000,000

    This new account centrally funds development, acquisition, 
and deployment of the joint automated booking system [JABS]. 
JABS will standardize booking data, procedures, and equipment 
throughout Justice.
    The Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 for 
fiscal year 1999 for JABS. The recommendation is identical to 
the fiscal year 1999 request included under salaries and 
expenses. Previously, JABS funding was distributed among 
various Justice components.
    JABS will save money by eliminating repetitive booking of 
suspects and improve public safety by identifying repeat 
offenders and persons with outstanding charges or warrants.

                       Narrowband Communications

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     $85,894,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    This new account centrally funds the conversion of the 
Department of Justice to narrowband radio communications as 
mandated by 47 U.S.C. 903(d)(1).
    The Committee does not recommend funding for fiscal year 
1999 for narrowband communications. The recommendation is 
$85,894,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. Previously, 
narrowband communications compliance funding was scattered 
among various Justice components.
    All Federal law enforcement agencies must convert to 
narrowband communications systems by 2005. The estimated total 
cost of conversion for Justice alone is $1,684,000,000. Law 
enforcement has experienced situations where agents in close 
proximity were unable to communicate because of incompatible 
equipment. The conversion to narrowband communications offers 
an opportunity to ensure interoperability between law 
enforcement agencies. The Committee believes that commonality 
is the best, most cost-effective route to interoperability. 
Unfortunately, current agency-driven procurement plans still 
emphasize mission specific requirements and agency-unique 
communications gear. Moreover, fragmented procurements fail to 
take advantage of potential economies of scale. Therefore, the 
Committee directs the Justice Management Division [JMD] to 
serve as the central purchasing agent for all communications 
equipment. The first task of JMD will be to deliver a 
narrowband communications conversion master plan to Congress 
that addresses commonality, interoperability, costs, schedules, 
network architecture, field tests, reliability, security, and 
systems growth. This plan shall be provided to the 
Appropriations Committees no later than November 1, 1998.

                         Counterterrorism Fund

                     (including transfer of funds)

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $52,700,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      61,703,000
Committee recommendation................................     193,999,000

    The Committee recommends $193,999,000 for the 
``Counterterrorism fund'' account which was established in 
Public Law 104-19, the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations 
for Additional Disaster Assistance, for Anti-Terrorism 
Initiatives, for Assistance in the Recovery from the Tragedy 
that Occurred at Oklahoma City, and Rescissions Act, 1995. The 
recommendation provides $132,296,000 more than the request and 
$141,299,000 above the 1998 appropriation. This fund is under 
the control and direction of the Attorney General to: (1) cover 
the costs incurred in reestablishing the operational capability 
of an office or facility which has been damaged or destroyed as 
a result of any domestic or international terrorist incident; 
(2) the costs of providing support to counter, investigate, or 
prosecute domestic or international terrorism, including 
payment of rewards in connection with these activities; (3) the 
costs of conducting a terrorism threat assessment of Federal 
agencies and their facilities; (4) the costs associated with 
ensuring the continuance of essential Government functions 
during a time of emergency; and (5) the costs for activities 
related to the protection of the Nation's critical 
infrastructure.
    Counterterrorism initiative.--The administration is 
starting to realize the threat of terrorists using considerable 
destructive power on individuals, institutions, and facilities. 
The Committee is especially concerned with the threat of 
chemical and biological weapons. The requirements placed upon 
officials from Federal, State, city, and community agencies are 
complicated and in many cases unfunded. Most Federal, State, 
city, and community agencies do not have civil response assets 
needed to address such a threat or event. These assets include 
the equipment and training needed to address the demands of 
terrorist threats or events.
    The Committee also recognizes that domestic disaster relief 
is part of each State's responsibility for public safety. The 
Committee's goals include providing States with an improved 
ability to respond to terrorist threats or events. This 
includes training and equipping the first responder who will 
respond within 1 hour of a threat or event. The Committee is 
also aware of the State's rapid assessment and initial 
detection [RAID] elements that are expected to arrive within 6 
to 8 hours after an event has occurred. They will assist in 
confirming the nature of an attack. However, the use of weapons 
of mass destruction [WMD] could create a situation which is 
outside the response capabilities of local law enforcement. The 
role of the Department of Justice is to manage crises that are 
caused by domestic terrorists. This includes the ability to 
prevent or resolve an act of terrorism.
    The fiscal year 1998 conference report directed the 
Attorney General to develop a 5-year interdepartmental 
counterterrorism and technology crime plan. The plan covers a 
broad range of topics encompassing the Nation's efforts to 
prevent and deter terrorist attacks, as well as manage a crisis 
created by a terrorist incident. It is to serve as a baseline 
strategy for coordination of national policy and operational 
capabilities to combat terrorism. This effort is in accord with 
Presidential Decision Directive 62. The final plan is due no 
later than December 31, 1998. Last year, the conferees provided 
$1,000,000 for the preparation of this plan.
    On March 3, 1998, the Department provided an initial 
prospectus outlining the basic topics to be considered in the 
course of developing the plan with estimated time lines and 
major milestones for completion of the plan. The prospectus 
outlines a comprehensive strategy which covers the prevention 
of, and the reaction to, terrorist events both inside and 
outside the United States. It also addresses the safeguarding 
of our information infrastructure and the research and 
development of critical technologies used in combating 
terrorism. The goal of the Committee is to create a coordinated 
posture with respect to our national efforts to combat 
terrorism.
    The Committee understands that working groups have been 
developing specific 5-year objectives to be included in a draft 
plan. The subject area of these recommendations include: 
prevention and deterrence; crisis management; consequence 
management; cyberterrorism; critical technologies; and research 
and development. The Committee expects field meetings be held 
to refine the draft plan. The purpose of these meetings is to 
consult with State and local authorities and interested members 
of the academic community to obtain input for the plan. The 
Committee continues to emphasize the importance of input and 
consultation from State and local authorities, and the academic 
and private sectors. In consultation with the Office of 
Management and Budget [OMB], the Coordinating Subgroup on 
Counterterrorism and key agencies, a final plan should be 
completed by November 31, 1998. The plan should be presented to 
the Attorney General for approval and submitted to the 
appropriate committees no later than December 31, 1998. The 
Committee looks forward to submission of a comprehensive final 
product that will serve as a baseline strategy and budget 
document for coordination of national policy and operational 
capabilities to combat terrorism.
    The Committee commends the Attorney General for her efforts 
in this process. However, the Committee is concerned with the 
burdensome process that has been created. The Department has 
given direct roles to the following agencies: Federal Emergency 
Management Agency, National Security Agency, Public Health 
Service, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Aviation 
Administration, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, General Services 
Administration, U.S. Information Agency, Department of 
Transportation, and Department of Commerce. While many of these 
agencies have a significant role to play, others do not. It has 
been estimated that 20 different agencies are involved. As a 
result, information has been leaked to the media and the 
process has become burdensome. The Committee urges the Attorney 
General to conduct an immediate review of the process and in 
consultation with the Appropriations Committees make 
appropriate changes.
    Also, the Committee expects the final plan will contain 
budget data appropriate for inclusion in the fiscal year 2000 
appropriations bills.
    To advance this effort the Committee recommendation 
includes language which allows the Attorney General to better 
manage and coordinate the funding requirements needed for 
crisis management.
    Improving State and local response capabilities.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $197,000,000 within the 
counterterrorism fund to enable the Office of Justice Programs 
[OJP] to expand first responder training and equipment program 
activities. The grant funds available in this program will be 
targeted to the 157 largest cities and localities in the United 
States, as well as States. These first responders will be 
designated by the appropriate local governments. The Committee 
notes the National Domestic Preparedness Consortium was 
designed to address and sustain comprehensive and coordinated 
efforts to respond to incidents of terrorism. This will be done 
through certification programs, technical assistance, distance 
learning, test and evaluation, and realistic confidence 
building exercises based on threat-driven scenarios. The goal 
of the consortium is to provide a threat responsive, long-term 
national capability. This capability will be attained through 
weapons of mass destruction [WMD] emergency first responder 
training, test, and exercise programs. The consortium should 
concentrate on using its existing training facilities and 
staff. This collaborative effort is intended to achieve the 
most immediate enhancement of local, State, and Federal 
emergency first responders and emergency management agencies 
nationwide.
    The consortium members include the National Energetic 
Materials Research and Testing Center, New Mexico Institute of 
Mining and Technology; the National Center for Bio-Med Research 
and Training, Louisiana State University; the Center for 
Domestic Preparedness, Fort McClellan, AL; the National 
Emergency Response and Rescue Training Center, Texas A&M; 
University; and the National Exercise, Test, and Training 
Center, Nevada test site.
    The Committee is aware of and supportive of OJP's 
administration of this program. This program includes an 
equipment purchasing program and two training programs. It will 
address the unmet needs of our Nation's first responders by 
providing equipment and training to efficiently and safely 
respond to incidents of terrorism, including those involving 
nuclear, biological, and chemical agents; explosive devices; 
and other weapons of mass destruction.
    OJP expects to accomplish the following activities by the 
close of fiscal year 1998: (1) offer the first responder basic 
concepts course to over 74,000 firefighters and emergency 
medical services personnel in 120 jurisdictions nationwide; (2) 
award equipment grants, totaling $12,000,000, to 46 State and 
local first responder agencies for the purpose of outfitting 
these agencies with basic protective gear and equipment; (3) 
establish the State and local training center for first 
responders at Fort McClellan, AL; and (4) award a $2,000,000 
grant to the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology for 
the development of a curriculum to train local law enforcement 
personnel to respond to incidents of terrorism.
    The Committee recommends the following program increases 
for fiscal year 1999:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    1998         1999 budget        Committee   
                                                               appropriation       estimate      recommendation 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Metropolitan medical strike teams training and equipment....  ...............       $9,000,000       $5,000,000 
Establishment of a Local Law Enforcement Training Program...  ...............        7,000,000        7,000,000 
Expansion of the equipment acquisition program..............      $12,000,000       73,500,000       95,000,000 
    Administration..........................................  ...............  ...............       (2,000,000)
Implementation of situational exercises.....................  ...............  ...............       10,000,000 
Technical assistance/national needs assessment..............  ...............       10,000,000       10,000,000 
For consortium members:                                                                                         
    Center for Domestic Preparedness, Fort McClellan, AL....        2,000,000        5,000,000       12,000,000 
    National Energetic Materials Research and Testing                                                           
     Center, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology..        2,000,000  ...............        2,500,000 
    National Emergency Response and Rescue Training Center,                                                     
     Texas A&M; University...................................  ...............  ...............        2,500,000 
    National Exercise, Test and Training Center, Nevada test                                                    
     site...................................................  ...............  ...............        2,500,000 
    National Center for Bio-Med Research and Training,                                                          
     Louisiana State University.............................  ...............  ...............        2,500,000 
State and local detection/bomb technician equipment.........  ...............       49,000,000       23,000,000 
Municipal fire and emergency services.......................  ...............  ...............       25,000,000 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Should the funds be available in the Department of Justice 
working capital fund, the Committee directs the Attorney 
General to provide $23,000,000 for State and local detection/
bomb technician equipment.
    The Committee finds that the Department of Justice's Office 
of Justice Programs [OJP] currently does not have a plan to 
develop simulations of complex, nonlinear phenomena, such as 
dispersion and deposition of chemical or biological aerosols 
for the 2002 Winter Olympics. The Committee directs the 
Department to explore this possibility, employing the services 
of the University of Utah which is the Nation's lead 
institution in the National Science Foundation Science and 
Technology Center for Computer Graphics.
    The Committee also notes that the Department of Defense is 
expected to commit additional funding for this counterterrism 
effort in fiscal year 1999 pursuant to the Nunn-Lugar-Domenici 
Program authorized in Public Law 104-201.
    Improving municipal fire and emergency services.--The 
Committee recommendation includes $25,000,000 to improve 
municipal fire and emergency services. This new program will 
ensure municipal fire and emergency services departments are 
provided with appropriate equipment necessary to respond to 
incidents of terrorism involving the release of chemical, 
biological, and radiological agents, as well as improvised or 
manufactured explosive devices. The Committee recommendation 
includes $17,000,000 for grants of equipment directly to local 
fire departments, hazardous materials response teams, and 
emergency medical service agencies, and $8,000,000 for grants 
for interoperable radio equipment to local emergency response 
agencies. The Committee's recommendation also includes 
$7,000,000 for grants to firefighters and emergency service 
personnel within the ``Justice assistance'' account.
    Topoff exercise.--The Committee commends the administration 
for its efforts to enhance our ability to prevent and respond 
to chemical, biological, and cyberweapon attacks. The Committee 
is aware that numerous exercises are conducted each year to 
practice operations in the event of a terrorist incident. The 
Committee understands that few of the top officials of agencies 
have ever fully participated in these exercises. The Committee 
directs that an exercise be conducted in fiscal year 1999 with 
the participation of all key personnel who would participate in 
the consequence management of such an actual terrorist event. 
The decision on what type of simulated attack should be based 
upon the ability to best address one of these three threats. 
This exercise should be cochaired and administered without 
notice by the Attorney General and the Administrator of FEMA 
and coordinated with the National Security Council.
    Cyberterrorism.--The Committee understands that today our 
U.S. economy and even our continuing national security is 
heavily reliant on a vast array of interdependent and critical 
infrastructures. The Report of the President's Commission on 
Critical Infrastructure Protection in October 1997 and 
Presidential Decision Directive No. 63, released in May 1998, 
call for an unprecedented level of cooperation among U.S. 
Federal law enforcement agencies, national security entities 
and the private sector owners and operators to reduce the 
threat of information age crime, terrorism and possibility of a 
cyber attack. The Committee strongly encourages and expects all 
Federal agencies to cooperate to the full extent of their 
authorities and expertise in the response planning, prevention, 
detection, deterrence, and elimination of vulnerabilities to 
these critical infrastructures. The Committee further 
encourages all Federal entities to ensure that resources 
required to protect critical infrastructures and pursue 
information age criminals and terrorists are given a high 
priority within respective programs and initiatives.
    Today, the potential for an Internet crime wave is 
staggering. Programs are available which provide marginally 
skilled people with the tools to threaten national security. 
These efforts can be contained by simple methods. The Committee 
urges the FBI to provide guidelines for all agencies within the 
Department. These guidelines should include the enforcement of 
strict password policies, employment of firewalls between 
agency networks and the outside world, the use of encryption, 
and the reporting of break-ins.
    Presidential Decision Directive 63 [PDD-63].--The Committee 
supports PDD-63 in its efforts to address threats to physical 
and cyberbased critical infrastructure. The Committee notes the 
requirement by PDD-63 that the Department develop a plan for 
protecting its own critical infrastructure, including but not 
limited to its cyberbased systems. This plan should be provided 
to the Committee no later than August 31, 1998. In addition to 
this plan the Committee directs the Department to include the 
necessary legislative authorities and fiscal year 2000 
budgetary priorities necessary to begin implementing this plan.
    National Infrastructure Protection Center [NIPC].--The 
Committee recommendation includes $26,984,000 for the National 
Infrastructure Protection Center. The recommendation does not 
include $6,619,000 for other infrastructure protection 
projects. Should the funds be available in the Department of 
Justice working capital fund, the Committee directs the 
Attorney General to provide $7,985,000 for the National 
Infrastructure Protection Center [NIPC].
    Continuation of operations [COOP]/continuity of government 
[COG].--The Committee recommendation includes $1,000,000 for 
the continuation of operations/continuity of government for an 
alternate crisis management/relocation facility to carry on 
essential Department of Justice functions in the event the 
Department, or one of its components, is denied access to its 
facility for various reasons, such as a terrorist act. The 
recommendation is $2,100,000 less than the fiscal year 1999 
request due to updated funding requirements.
    The Committee is aware that there are carryover balances 
from fiscal years 1997 and 1998 in excess of $50,000,000. This 
amount is adequate to fund the statutory provisions provided in 
fiscal years 1997-98 counterterrorism fund. The Committee 
directs the Department of Justice to continue to notify the 
House and Senate Appropriations Committees prior to obligations 
of funds.

               Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................    $100,000,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    The Committee recommendation does not include direct 
appropriations for the telecommunications carrier compliance 
fund. The request included $100,000,000 to reimburse equipment 
manufacturers and telecommunications support services for 
implementation of the Communications Assistance for Law 
Enforcement Act [CALEA].
    The Committee continues to recognize the need for law 
enforcement to retain its ability to use court authorized 
electronic intercepts in the rapidly growing digital 
telecommunications environment. At the same time, the Committee 
is concerned that the Department of Justice, the FBI, and the 
telecommunications industry have been unable after nearly 4 
years of discussions and negotiations to resolve differences 
regarding compliance with CALEA. On March 27, 1998, the 
Attorney General filed a petition with the Federal 
Communications Commission [FCC] advising that the industry's 
interim technical standard was deficient. The standard was 
unacceptable because it did not properly address law 
enforcement requirements that the Department of Justice and the 
FBI maintain are essential for meeting evidentiary and 
minimization requirements dictated by law. In view of the 
continued impasse and the uncertainty about when a FCC decision 
regarding the industry standard will be forthcoming, the 
Committee does not recommend any new funding for the 
telecommunications carrier compliance fund. The Committee notes 
that $102,580,270 is available in the fund to begin reimbursing 
industry once an agreement is reached.

                   Administrative Review and Appeals

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $129,258,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     144,863,000
Committee recommendation................................      41,858,000

    The Committee recommends $41,858,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for administrative review and appeals. The recommendation is 
$87,400,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$103,005,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. The 
recommendation assumes that $97,400,000 in funds from the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service [INS] examinations fee 
account is made available for Executive Office for Immigration 
Review [EOIR] operations. Immigration exam fees may be used for 
expenses in providing immigration adjudication.
    The EOIR includes the Board of Immigration Appeals, 
immigration judges, and administrative law judges who decide 
through administrative hearings whether to admit or exclude 
aliens seeking to enter the country, and whether to deport or 
adjust the status of aliens whose status has been challenged. 
This account also funds the Office of the Pardon Attorney which 
receives, investigates, and considers petitions for all forms 
of executive clemency. The recommendation provides $128,701,000 
for the EOIR and $1,557,000 for the Office of the Pardon 
Attorney.
    Videoconferencing.--Within the funds made available for the 
EOIR, the Committee recommendation provides $1,000,000 for 20 
point-to-point installations in the following cities: Chicago, 
IL; Kansas City, MO; Omaha, NE; Newark, NJ; Miami, FL; Los 
Angeles, CA; Denver, CO; Salt Lake City, UT; Houston, TX; 
Oklahoma City, OK; New York, NY; San Francisco, CA; Detroit, 
MI; Cincinnati and Cleveland, OH; Las Vegas and Reno, NV; 
Phoenix, AZ; San Juan, PR; and St. Thomas, VI, subject to 
continuing cost-benefit analysis. The various nodes will be 
linked in a network that maximizes coverage and utilization. 
The Committee expects the EOIR to consult with the Committees 
on Appropriations prior to the final determination of the 
installation sites.
    Translation and transcription.--Of the funds transferred 
from the INS ``Examinations fee'' account, $9,000,000 is only 
for translation and transcription services at immigration 
proceedings.

                      Office of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $33,211,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      34,610,000
Committee recommendation................................      33,211,000

    The Committee recommends $33,211,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the Office of Inspector General. This recommendation is 
identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $1,399,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee is concerned that Department employees 
accused of wrongdoing are not enjoying the swift justice that 
is every citizen's right. From fiscal years 1996 to 1998, the 
average closure rate for inspector general investigations 
climbed from 6 to 9 months. The Committee urges the inspector 
general to refer cases to the appropriate component of the 
Department as necessary to keep its average closure rate for 
investigations at no more than 180 days.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, which makes: (1) up to 
$10,000 of this appropriation available for emergencies of a 
confidential nature; (2) funds available for the acquisition of 
motor vehicles; and (3) up to one-tenth of 1 percent of violent 
crime reduction trust fund grant money available to the 
inspector general for audits of grant programs.

                         U.S. Parole Commission

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $5,009,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       7,621,000
Committee recommendation................................       7,969,000

    This Commission is an independent body within the 
Department of Justice which makes decisions regarding requests 
for parole and supervision of Federal prisoners.
    The Committee recommends $7,969,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the Parole Commission. The recommendation is $2,960,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $348,000 above the 
fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Parole Commission is scheduled to be phased out in 2002 
as a result of the creation of sentencing guidelines. The 
Committee recommendation reflects the Commission's schedule to 
terminate its operations. However, the Commission has been 
given sweeping new responsibilities with the passage of the 
National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement 
Act (Public Law 105-33). On August 5, 1998, the Commission will 
assume the responsibilities of the D.C. Board of Parole. The 
District prison population is one of the most violent in the 
country, and, with the imminent closing of Lorton, may be 
widely scattered. If the paperwork exists at all, presentencing 
reports, prisoner case files, and other documentation necessary 
to hold parole hearings are fragmentary and of poor quality. 
Verification of parole plans and parole supervision will have 
to be revived. The Committee recommendation includes the 
increases required to properly implement Public Law 105-33 with 
the understanding that additional funding may be necessary as 
the implications of the transition come into clearer focus.

                            Legal Activities

                        general legal activities

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $452,358,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     485,511,000
Committee recommendation................................     485,511,000

    This appropriation funds the establishment of litigation 
policy, conduct of litigation, and various other legal 
responsibilities, through the Office of the Solicitor General, 
the Tax Division, the Criminal Division, the Civil Division, 
the Environmental and Natural Resources Division, the Civil 
Rights Division, the Office of Legal Counsel, Interpol, and the 
Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair 
Employment Practices.
    The Committee recommends $485,511,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for general legal activities. The total recommendation is 
$33,153,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
identical to the fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee is 
aware that an additional $160,242,000 in reimbursements will be 
made available to this account in fiscal year 1999. Within 
available resources, the Committee directs the divisions to 
redouble efforts on hate crimes and domestic terrorism. No 
funds are provided for the Joint Center for Strategic 
Environmental Enforcement.
    Winstar.--Winstar describes the over 130 breach of contract 
suits against the Government that resulted from capital reserve 
requirement and accounting changes mandated by the Financial 
Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act [FIRREA]. 
Winstar cases have an estimated total liability of as much as 
$32,000,000,000. Until this year, Treasury reimbursed Justice 
for most litigation costs using Federal Savings and Loan 
Insurance Corporation [FSLIC] transfers. This year, Justice, 
and this subcommittee, are bearing the entire cost of 
litigation. Within available resources, the Committee 
recommendation provides $63,737,000 for Winstar, the full 
amount requested. The Committee fully expects Justice to keep 
it apprised of the cost implications of relevant rulings that 
may occur during the course of the year.
    Cybercrime.--Traffic on the Internet continues to rise, yet 
security controls remain totally inadequate. As a result, the 
information superhighway has become an avenue for embezzlement, 
fraud, theft, sabotage, espionage, hate crimes, and 
pornography. Within available resources, the Committee 
recommendation provides $5,089,000 for cybercrime prosecutions, 
including $1,000,000 for online obscenity prosecutions.
    Office of Special Investigations.--The Office of Special 
Investigations [OSI] is responsible for originating, 
investigating, and prosecuting all denaturalization and 
deportation cases against Nazi war criminals. Within available 
resources, the Committee recommendation provides $5,761,000 for 
the OSI. The $2,000,000 increase over the fiscal year 1999 
request will allow the OSI to maintain the pace of prosecutions 
while supporting the Nazi war criminal records interagency 
working group.
    Superfund litigation.--Corporations that produced war goods 
during World Wars I and II are attempting to shift the costs 
for cleaning up contaminated wartime manufacturing sites from 
themselves to the Government in suits filed under the 
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
Liability Act of 1980 [CERCLA]. The total liability of the 
cases filed is estimated at $2,200,000,000. Additional cases 
are a distinct possibility. That most wartime Federal agencies 
are defunct, and most successor agencies disinterested, 
complicates the Government's defense. Within available 
resources, the Committee recommendation provides $3,431,000 for 
CERCLA defensive litigation.
    Vessel pollution.--The intentional discharge of oil and 
other pollutants from vessels in U.S. coastal and inland 
waterways is a widespread problem. Justice Department lawyers 
and investigators, in cooperation with the Coast Guard, the 
Environmental Protection Agency, and the Department of 
Transportation, have undertaken an initiative to better enforce 
current clean water laws. Within available resources, the 
Committee recommendation provides $706,000 for vessel pollution 
prosecutions, including $250,000 for automated litigation 
support.
    Chlorofluorocarbon smuggling.--The ban on the use of 
chlorofluorocarbons [CFC's] in the United States has created a 
thriving black market trade in freon and halon. Russia, China, 
and India are exploiting the wide use of older, CFC-dependent 
air-conditioners and fire suppression systems to supply illegal 
importers. Justice Department lawyers, cooperating with Customs 
and the Environmental Protection Agency, have targeted 
smuggling rings in coastal and border States. Within available 
resources, the Committee recommendation provides $523,000 for 
CFC smuggling prosecutions, including $250,000 for automated 
litigation support.
    Interpol.--Criminals, particularly terrorists and narcotics 
traffickers, routinely elude police pursuit by traveling from 
country to country. Efforts to catch international criminals 
depend heavily upon the widest dissemination of timely 
information regarding wanted fugitives. The U.S. branch of 
Interpol serves as an information clearinghouse for both member 
nations and domestic State and local law enforcement agencies. 
Within available resources, the Committee recommendation 
provides $7,068,000 for Interpol.
    Law-based international organizations.--Within available 
resources, the Committee recommendation provides $245,000 for 
U.S. membership in three law-based international organizations: 
the Hague Conference on Private International Law, the 
International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and 
the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law. 
Previously, membership dues were paid out of the 
``Contributions to international organizations'' account in 
title IV. The recommendation reflects exchange rate savings.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous fiscal years, which: (1) allows up to 
$20,000 for expenses of collecting evidence; (2) makes up to 
$10,000,000 available for litigation support contracts; (3) 
makes up to $17,834,000 available for office automation 
systems; and (4) makes up to $1,000 available to the U.S. 
National Central Bureau--Interpol for reception and 
representation expenses. New language authorizes the payment of 
assessed contributions to international organizations.

               the national childhood vaccine injury act

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $4,028,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       4,028,000
Committee recommendation................................       4,028,000

    The Committee recommends a reimbursement of $4,028,000 for 
fiscal year 1999 from the vaccine injury compensation trust 
fund to cover Justice Department expenses associated with 
litigating cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986. The recommendation is identical to the fiscal year 
1998 appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 request.

                           Antitrust Division

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $93,495,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      98,275,000
Committee recommendation................................      98,275,000

    The Antitrust Division investigates potential violations of 
Federal antitrust laws, represents the interests of the United 
States in cases brought under these laws, acts on antitrust 
cases before the Supreme Court, and reviews decisions of 
regulatory commissions relating to antitrust law.
    The Committee recommendation assumes a total of $98,275,000 
in budget (obligational) authority for fiscal year 1999 for the 
Antitrust Division. The recommendation is $4,780,000 above the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation and identical to the fiscal year 
1999 request. The Committee has not adopted OMB's latest fee 
proposal.
    Of the amount provided, $86,588,000 will be derived from 
anticipated offsetting fee collections in fiscal year 1999, and 
$11,687,000 will be available from carryover balances.
    The recommendation includes bill language for the Antitrust 
Division, similar to that included in previous fiscal years, 
which: (1) allows $86,588,000 in fees to be credited to this 
account; and (2) reduces appropriated funds as fees are 
collected.

                             U.S. Attorneys

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $1,035,288,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,106,993,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,083,642,000

    This account supports the Executive Office for U.S. 
Attorneys and the 94 U.S. attorneys offices throughout the 
United States and its territories. The U.S. attorneys serve as 
the principal litigators for the U.S. Government for criminal, 
civil, and debt collection matters.
    The Committee recommends a total of $1,083,642,000 in 
fiscal year 1999 for U.S. attorneys. The recommendation is 
$48,354,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$23,351,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee 
is aware that an additional $106,937,000 in reimbursements will 
be made available to this account in fiscal year 1999. The 
recommendation provides most requested base adjustments for 
this account.
    Indian country.--The Committee directs that resources 
dedicated to the oversight of the soon to be completed IBT 
election be redirected to restoring the rule of law on Indian 
reservations.
    Redeployment of resources.--More and more, criminal 
activity, particularly narcotics trafficking, is nomadic and 
tends to surge and recede as law enforcement responds to local 
or regional crime waves. Unlike the investigatory arms of 
justice, U.S. attorneys lack the flexibility to shift from 
place to place as criminal enterprises migrate. As a result, 
district workloads vary wildly and sudden rises in crime rates 
can quickly overwhelm U.S. attorneys offices. The Committee 
directs the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys [EOUSA] to 
report on new approaches to the deployment of attorneys, 
paralegals, and support staff that emphasize responsiveness to 
sudden changes in local or regional crime rates. The report 
should be delivered to the Committees on Appropriations no 
later than February 1, 1999.
    Courtroom technology.--U.S. attorneys have been 
experimenting with portable, off-the-shelf video and computer 
equipment for courtroom proceedings. The attorneys found that 
the equipment substantially improved the presentation of 
evidence, as well as rapidly accelerating the pace of trials. 
Users found that they saved the equivalent of 1 trial day in 
every 5 using video and computer equipment. The Committee 
recommendation provides $2,612,000 within available resources 
(and 10 full-time equivalents) for a courtroom technology pilot 
program involving 10 districts, including Colorado, middle 
district of Florida, Montana, New Mexico, northern district of 
New York, and South Carolina. The Committee urges the Executive 
Office for U.S. Attorneys [EOUSA] to exploit opportunities 
created by attrition to add technical staff and further expand 
the pilot program, if possible. The Committee expects the EOUSA 
to report to the Committees on Appropriations on its courtroom 
technology efforts not later than February 1, 1999.
    Cybercrime.--Traffic on the Internet continues to rise, yet 
security controls remain totally inadequate. As a result, the 
information superhighway has become an avenue for embezzlement, 
fraud, theft, sabotage, espionage, hate crimes, and 
pornography. Within available resources and manpower ceilings, 
the Committee recommendation provides $3,630,000 (and 18 full-
time equivalents) for cybercrime prosecutions.
    Legal education.--Within available resources and manpower 
ceilings, the Committee recommendation provides $14,782,000 
(and 37 full-time equivalents) for legal education at the 
National Advocacy Center [NAC]. NAC State and local training 
funds are provided under the Office of Justice Programs. In 
addition, the Committee recommendation provides $1,000,000 
within available resources to complete the audio-visual center 
and equip another computer classroom at the NAC.
    Child support enforcement.--The Committee is aware that an 
estimated $34,000,000,000 in child support payments will have 
gone unpaid by fiscal year 1999. Within available resources and 
manpower ceilings, the Committee recommendation provides a 
total of $1,472,000 (and 20 full-time equivalents) for child 
support enforcement. U.S. attorneys should consider cross-
referencing their files with those of the U.S. trustees to help 
identify deadbeat parents.
    Firearm violation demonstration project.--Within available 
resources, the Committee recommendation includes $1,500,000 to 
hire additional assistant U.S. attorneys and investigators in 
the city of Philadelphia to enforce Federal laws designed to 
keep firearms out of the hands of criminals. This focused 
demonstration project will provide additional prosecutorial 
resources to enhance existing law enforcement efforts.
    Violent crime task force demonstration projects.--Last 
year, the Conferees provided $2,000,000 to support the 
continuation and expansion of violent crime task force 
demonstration projects to address specific law enforcement 
problems. One of those efforts has been to investigate and 
prosecute perpetrators of Internet sexual exploitation of 
children. The Committee recommends $1,000,000 within available 
resources for this effort to be administered under the auspices 
of Operation Streetsweeper. These funds should be provided to 
facilitate all aspects, phases and stages of Internet child 
exploitation prosecutions.
    District of Columbia.--The ability of U.S. attorneys in the 
District to pursue criminal prosecutions, particularly sex 
crimes and murders, has been hindered by failures in the 
medical examiner's office. The Committee urges the District 
government to properly fund the medical examiner's office, or 
make funds available to reimburse the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation for laboratory services to collect, identify, 
classify, analyze, and interpret crime scene evidence.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, which makes available 
up to: (1) $2,500,000 for debt collection purposes until 
September 30, 2000; (2) $10,000,000 for automated litigation 
support contracts until expended; (3) $8,000 to be used for 
official reception and representation expenses; and (4) 
$1,200,000 to modernize the computer system of D.C. Superior 
Court.

                        u.s. trustee system fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $114,248,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     130,437,000
Committee recommendation................................     108,248,000

    The U.S. trustee system provides administrative support to 
expeditiously move bankruptcy cases through the bankruptcy 
process and ensures accountability of private trustees 
appointed to administer bankruptcy estates. This system was 
authorized in Public Law 99-554, the Bankruptcy Judges, U.S. 
Trustees, and Family Farmer Bankruptcy Act of 1986, which 
established a U.S. trustee system fund in the U.S. Treasury and 
provided for the collection of fees into the fund to finance 
program operations.
    The Committee recommends a total of $108,248,000 in budget 
(obligational) authority for fiscal year 1999 for the U.S. 
trustees. The recommendation is $6,000,000 below the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $22,189,000 below the fiscal year 
1999 request. The Committee has not adopted OMB's latest fee 
proposal.
    The trustees are projecting an unexpectedly sharp drop in 
revenues in fiscal year 1999 due to a decline in chapter 11 
caseload. As a result, trustees now require appropriated funds 
to meet operating expenses. Of the amount provided, 
$100,000,000 will be derived from anticipated offsetting fee 
collections in fiscal year 1999 and $8,248,000 is provided as a 
direct appropriation. Language included under general 
provisions will make available to the trustees another 
$6,000,000 derived from interest earned on U.S. trustee system 
fund investments.
    The Committee recommendation includes bill language which: 
(1) allows all fees collected to be used as offsetting 
collections to the U.S. trustee program; (2) allows deposits to 
the U.S. trustee system fund to be used to pay refunds due 
depositors; (3) allows $100,000,000 in offsetting fee 
collections to be retained and used for necessary expenses in 
this appropriation; and (4) reduces appropriated funds as such 
fees are collected.

                  foreign claims settlement commission

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $1,226,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       1,335,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,227,000

    The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission settles claims of 
American citizens arising from nationalization, expropriation, 
or other takings of their properties and interests by foreign 
governments.
    The Committee recommends $1,227,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission. The 
recommendation is $1,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $108,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. 
The Committee recommendation fully provides for the 
adjudication of claims against: Germany relating to World War 
II; Cuba relating to the Castro regime; Iraq relating to the 
U.S.S. Stark incident and Desert Shield/Storm; and Albania 
relating to the Communist takeover in 1945. The recommendation 
eliminates funds for a rent increase that is no longer a 
requirement.

                         U.S. Marshals Service

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $493,388,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     512,843,000
Committee recommendation................................     501,752,000

    The U.S. Marshals Service is made up of 94 offices with the 
responsibility for the protection of the Federal judiciary, 
protection of witnesses, execution of warrants and court 
orders, and the custody and transportation of unsentenced 
prisoners.
    The Committee recommends $501,752,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the U.S. Marshals Service. The recommendation is $8,364,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $11,091,000 below 
the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee recommendation provides the requested base 
adjustments for this account. The recommendation also includes 
a $1,023,000 increase for staff to implement and support a 
variety of cost-reduction initiatives. This amount includes 12 
senior systems administrators for the following locations: 
Anchorage, AK, Honolulu, HI, Boise, ID, Louisville, KY, Las 
Vegas, NV, Fargo, ND, Columbia, SC, South Bend, IN, Jackson, 
MS, Greensboro, NC, Hato Rey, PR, and Charleston, WV.
    Courthouse security.--The Committee is aware that the 
substantial increase provided in fiscal year 1998 for fugitive 
apprehensions was largely diverted to courthouse security and 
prisoner transportation. The Committee recommendation assumes 
that last year's unintended increase for courthouse security 
can cover the fiscal year 1999 request for new courthouses.
    Courthouse security equipment.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $2,935,000 for courthouse security 
equipment. This equipment will outfit newly opening courthouses 
in the following locations: Phoenix and Tucson, AZ; 
Tallahassee, FL; Omaha, NE; Las Vegas, NV; Charleston, SC; and 
Richland, WA.
    Contract officers.--The Director shall make maximum use of 
contract officers for process serving, evictions (in the 
District of Columbia), and to augment the marshals' courthouse 
presence, thus freeing up deputies for fugitive apprehension. 
Properly supervised, contract officers are a cost-effective 
means of addressing the ever-increasing workload associated 
with service of process, evictions, and protection of the 
Federal judiciary. The Director shall provide a report on the 
expansion of the marshals' contract officer program not later 
than December 31, 1998.
    Fugitive apprehensions.--At any given moment, 25,000 to 
30,000 fugitives are prowling America's streets. With nothing 
to lose, these fugitives are particularly prone to violent 
crime. By providing support to all levels of law enforcement, 
the marshals' electronic surveillance unit is a significant 
force multiplier in the effort to apprehend dangerous 
fugitives. The Committee recommendation provides an increase of 
$3,130,000 over fiscal year 1998 for the electronic 
surveillance unit, including funding for surveillance vans, 
telephone and bucket trucks, dialed number recorders, and 
digital cellular tracking systems.
    Videoconferencing.--The Committee is aware that 
videoconferencing generates savings and improves public safety. 
The Committee recommendation provides $500,000 for the 
acquisition and installation of videoconferencing equipment in 
the following locations: the District of Columbia; Union 
County, NJ, jail; Westchester, NY, regional medical facility; 
Oklahoma City, OK, regional medical facility; and high-volume 
jail locations to be determined in Texas and elsewhere. The 
Committee expects the Marshals Service to consult with the 
Committees on Appropriations prior to the final determination 
of the installation sites.
    District of Columbia.--In the District of Columbia, the 
U.S. marshals are responsible for enforcing court-ordered 
evictions. The Committee is concerned that evictions are 
traumatic enough for neighborhoods without the presence of 
unfamiliar Federal officers. The Committee believes that 
pairing marshals with Metropolitan police officers, preferably 
officers known in the community, would help defuse potentially 
explosive situations. The Committee directs the Marshals 
Service to work cooperatively with the Metropolitan Police 
Department [MPD] to implement a pilot of this proposal 
beginning on October 1, 1998, and extending through March 30, 
1999.
    The Committee further expects that the marshals and the MPD 
to jointly report to the Appropriations Committees on the pilot 
evictions policy no later than May 1, 1999. Included in the 
requested report should be a description of the incidents, if 
any, where the Marshals Service called for MPD backup prior to 
the implementation of the pilot, the number of evictions 
carried out during the pilot period, and an estimate of the 
number of additional MPD officers required to maintain citywide 
patrol coverage. It should also include the number of U.S. 
marshals that could be reassigned to fugitive apprehension, 
protection of judicial officers, or other duties in the 
District if this policy were made permanent.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows up 
to $6,000 to be used for official reception and representation 
expenses, up to $4,000,000 to be used for an automated prisoner 
information system, and allows for the acquisition of motor 
vehicles for police-type use without regard to the general 
purchase price limitation.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      $6,300,000
Committee recommendation................................       4,000,000

    The Committee recommends $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for construction projects. The recommendation is $2,300,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding for 
courthouse renovations at the following locations: Flagstaff, 
AZ; Key West and Miami, FL; Savannah, GA; Detroit and Grand 
Rapids, MI; Greenville, MS; Buffalo, NY; Cleveland, OH; 
McAlester, OK; Philadelphia, PA; Sioux Falls, SD; Houston, TX; 
Newport News, VA; and Martinsburg, WV. No contingency funding 
is provided.

            justice prisoner and alien transportation system

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     $10,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      10,000,000

    This new account capitalizes a limited revolving fund 
making prisoner air transportation operations and maintenance 
self-financing. Aircraft procurement and prisoner ground 
transportation will continue to require appropriated funds. 
Customer costs will continue to be reflected in the separate 
agency requests.
    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the justice prisoner and alien transportation system. The 
recommendation is identical to the fiscal year 1999 request.

                       Federal prisoner detention

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $405,262,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     450,848,000
Committee recommendation................................     407,018,000

    Under this program, the U.S. marshals contract with State 
and local jails and private facilities to house unsentenced 
Federal prisoners for short periods of time. This is usually 
before and during trial, and while awaiting transfer to Federal 
institutions after conviction.
    The Committee recommends $407,018,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for Federal prisoner detention. The recommendation is 
$1,756,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$43,830,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. The 
recommendation reflects a refined estimate of requirements and 
fully funds Federal prisoner detention.

                     fees and expenses of witnesses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $75,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      95,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      95,000,000

    This account provides for fees and expenses of witnesses 
who appear on behalf of the Government in cases in which the 
United States is a party, including fact and expert witnesses. 
These funds are also used for mental competency examinations as 
well as witness and informant protection.
    The Committee recommends $95,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for fees and expenses of witnesses. The recommendation is 
$20,000,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
identical to the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows up 
to: (1) $6,000,000 for protected witness safe sites; and (2) 
$1,000,000 for the purchase and maintenance of armored vehicles 
for prisoner transportation.

                      community relations service

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $5,319,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       8,899,000
Committee recommendation................................       5,319,000

    The Community Relations Service [CRS] provides assistance 
to communities and persons in the prevention and resolution of 
disagreements relating to perceived discriminatory practices.
    The Committee recommends $5,319,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the Community Relations Service. The recommendation is 
identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $3,580,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request. The reduction in this 
account is done without prejudice.
    The CRS has served the country well as a small crisis 
response team dedicated to mediating racially charged civil 
disputes. The Committee is concerned that CRS will lose its 
focus, and its skills, if its mission is broadened to include 
State and local education and training and national disaster 
planning. The Committee recommendation attempts to sustain the 
core mission of the CRS, but does not fund several extraneous 
initiatives better handled by other agencies.
    The Committee also recommends bill language included in 
previous years that allows the Attorney General to provide 
additional resources for CRS, through a transfer of funds from 
other Department of Justice programs under section 605 of this 
act, if emergent circumstances exist.

                         assets forfeiture fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $23,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      23,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      23,000,000

    This account provides funds to supplement existing 
resources to cover additional investigative expenses of the 
FBI, DEA, INS, and U.S. marshals, such as awards for 
information, purchase of evidence, equipping of conveyances, 
and investigative expenses leading to seizure. Funds for these 
activities are provided from receipts deposited in the assets 
forfeiture fund resulting from the forfeiture of assets. 
Expenses related to the management and disposal of assets are 
also provided from the assets forfeiture fund by a permanent 
indefinite appropriation.
    The Committee recommends $23,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the assets forfeiture fund. The recommendation is identical 
to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 
request.

                    Radiation Exposure Compensation

                        administrative expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $2,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       2,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,000,000

    This program was established to permit the payment of 
claims to individuals exposed to radiation as a result of 
atmospheric nuclear tests and uranium mining in accordance with 
the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act of 1990.
    The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 to 
handle claims and litigation arising from the Radiation 
Exposure Compensation Act. The recommendation is identical to 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 
request.

          payment to the radiation exposure compensation fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $4,381,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      11,717,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    This account funds payments to approved claimants under the 
Radiation Exposure Compensation Act of 1990.
    The Committee does not recommend an appropriation for 
fiscal year 1999 for payments under the Radiation Compensation 
Act. The recommendation is $4,381,000 below the fiscal year 
1998 appropriation and $11,717,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request.
    Approval of the funds sought in fiscal year 1999 was 
predicated on the passage of legislation that increased both 
the amount of payments to qualifying individuals and the number 
of categories of claimants. The proposed legislation has not 
been acted on and future passage is uncertain. The Committee 
understands that the $19,000,000 in carryover available to the 
fund is more than adequate to cover payments in fiscal year 
1999. The Committee expects the Justice Department to request 
the necessary funds in fiscal year 2000.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement

                 Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $294,967,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     304,014,000
Committee recommendation................................     294,967,000

    The Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement Program, through 
its 9 regional task forces, utilizes the combined resources and 
expertise of its 11 member Federal agencies, in cooperation 
with State and local investigators and prosecutors, to target 
and destroy major narcotics trafficking and money laundering 
organizations.
    The Committee recommends $294,967,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for interagency crime and drug enforcement. The recommendation 
is identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$9,047,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request.
    In addition, the Committee recommends bill language, 
similar to that included in previous appropriations acts, 
which: (1) allows for intergovernmental agreements; and (2) 
allows funds to be reallocated under existing authorities among 
participating organizations.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,974,548,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   3,032,470,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,956,461,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $2,956,461,000 in 
budgetary resources for Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI] 
operations for fiscal year 1999. The total includes a direct 
appropriation of $2,288,577,000. Also, this amount includes 
$1,287,000 for construction, $233,473,000 in defense 
discretionary funding for counterterrorism, 
counterintelligence, and national security activities, and 
$433,124,000 from the violent crime reduction trust fund 
pursuant to the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act 
of 1996 (Public Law 104-132) and the Violent Crime Control and 
Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322). This 
operating level is $18,087,000 below the appropriation for 
fiscal year 1998 and $76,009,000 less than the fiscal year 1999 
request.
    Working capital fund transfer.--The Committee understands 
that the FBI projects $10,000,000 in unobligated user fees for 
fiscal year 1998. The Committee directs the FBI to transfer 
these funds to the Department of Justice working capital fund.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,750,921,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   2,802,968,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,522,050,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $2,522,050,000 in 
salaries and expenses for FBI operations for fiscal year 1999. 
This level includes funding for the following requested 
initiatives:
    Counterterrorism and cybercrime.--The Committee recommends 
$17,419,000 and 133 positions (75 agents) to support the 
establishment of dedicated computer crime squads in six field 
offices (Atlanta, GA; Boston, MA; Charlotte, NC; Miami, FL; 
Minneapolis, MN; and Seattle, WA) and to enhance the operations 
of the National Infrastructure Protection Center [NIPC]. The 
recommendation does not include $4,600,000 for infrastructure 
assessments. Should the funds be available in the Department of 
Justice working capital fund, the Committee directs the 
Attorney General to provide $4,250,000 for the FBI's National 
Infrastructure Protection Center [NIPC].
    Information sharing.--The Committee recommends $50,000,000 
and 20 positions to expand and broaden the FBI's current 
information technology environment for the multiagency 
cooperation and collaboration essential to supporting 
counterterrorism, international crime, technology crime, and 
other investigative and national security priorities. Should 
the funds be available in the Department of Justice working 
capital fund, the Committee directs the Attorney General to 
provide $47,950,000 for the FBI's information sharing efforts.
    Indian country law enforcement.--The Committee recommends 
$8,009,000 and 81 positions (30 agents) to address crimes in 
Indian country and provide additional victim/witness 
coordinator positions.
    Infrastructure.--The Committee recommends $337,000 and six 
positions (one agent) for a program office at the FBI Academy 
complex to manage construction projects ($141,000) and to 
establish a civil rights analytical center ($196,000).
    Crimes against children.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $5,204,000 to enhance the FBI's capabilities to combat 
child abductions and serial killings. Within this amount, 
$3,439,000 is included for the child abduction and serial 
killer unit to enhance staffing to provide additional case 
consultation services, establish a police fellows program for 
training local investigators, and provide training to State and 
local law enforcement. Additionally, $1,765,000 is recommended 
to enhance the staffing of the Violent Criminal Apprehension 
Program [VICAP] to provide more timely assistance to State and 
local law enforcement requesting case analysis services.
    Criminal justice services.--The Committee recommendation 
includes an increase of $8,110,000 for support of Criminal 
Justice Information Services Division [CJIS] facilities and 
systems. Within this funding, $4,074,000 is provided for 
operations and maintenance of the CJIS fingerprint 
identification complex; $2,711,000 is for continued operations 
and maintenance of the CJIS wide area network; and $1,325,000 
is for part-year operating costs for the integrated automated 
fingerprint identification system [IAFIS], which is scheduled 
to begin offering full services in the third quarter of 1999.
    Should the funds be available in the Department of Justice 
working capital fund, the Committee directs the Attorney 
General to provide $6,000,000 for the FBI's microwave 
replacement.
    FBI training facility in Quantico, VA.--The Committee 
recommendation continues funding for the recently established 
DEA training facility at the FBI Training Academy in Quantico, 
VA. The Committee again directs the FBI and the DEA to fully 
integrate their training curriculum as it relates to issues of 
mutual responsibility and statutory jurisdiction to establish, 
maintain, and enhance the mission-related skills of both 
agencies.
    South Carolina low country.--The Committee is concerned 
that the DEA is under-represented in the low country of South 
Carolina, which is experiencing an alarming rate of crack 
cocaine usage. In an effort to counter this trend, the 
Committee directs the DEA to create a post of duty in the low 
country of South Carolina to address this problem.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for purchase of passenger vehicles without regard to 
general purchase price limitations; (2) the acquisition and 
operation of aircraft; (3) up to $70,000 for unforeseen 
emergencies; (4) up to $50,000,000 for automated data 
processing [ADP], telecommunications, and technical equipment 
to remain available until September 30, 1999; (5) up to 
$1,000,000 for undercover operations to remain available until 
September 30, 1999; (6) not less than $233,473,000 for 
counterterrorism investigations, foreign counterintelligence, 
and national security activities; (7) up to $14,000,000 to 
remain available until expended for research and development 
related to investigative activities; (8) up to $10,000,000 to 
reimburse State and local enforcement for assistance related to 
violent crime, terrorism, and drug investigations; and (9) up 
to $45,000 for official reception and representation expenses.
    Counterterrorism initiative.--The Committee included 
funding in fiscal year 1998 to significantly upgrade the FBI's 
counterterrorism mobility capabilities by initiating the 
replacement of outdated tactical helicopters used by the 
hostage rescue team and specialized surveillance aircraft that 
support counterterrorism and other investigations, and by 
enhancing the response capabilities of the hostage rescue team 
and regional special weapons and tactics squads. Similarly, the 
Committee provided funding in fiscal year 1998 for FBI weapons 
of mass destruction programs, consistent with its crisis 
response responsibilities.
    With funding provided by the Committee in fiscal year 1998, 
the FBI will nearly double, from 384 to 754, the number of 
Federal, State, and local bomb technicians trained this year at 
the Hazardous Devices School, Redstone Arsenal, AL. In 
particular, the Committee notes that the FBI will provide a 
specialized weapons of mass destruction bomb technician 
emergency actions course to 340 students in 1998.
    The Committee recommendation includes an increase of 
$8,700,000 to continue the improvement of FBI capabilities for 
dealing with the threat of weapons of mass destruction. This 
amount includes $2,900,000 for training at the Hazardous 
Devices School; $3,430,000 for chemical and biological 
detection equipment; $1,700,000 and 10 positions for national 
weapons of mass destruction program management; and $670,000 
and 6 positions for hazardous materials response unit staff. 
Should the funds be available in the Department of Justice 
working capital fund, the Committee directs the Attorney 
General to provide $6,330,000 for this effort.
    The Committee commends the FBI for its use of joint task 
forces to combat terrorism. These interagency task forces, 
comprised of representatives from Federal, State, and local law 
enforcement agencies, have been established in 16 cities to 
maximize cooperation and facilitate the sharing of information 
among participants. The Committee recommendation includes 
$3,200,000 to support joint counterterrorism task force 
operations during 1999.
    The Committee recommends additional funding for the FBI's 
National Foreign Intelligence Program [NFIP], including 
$2,500,000 for a counterintelligence investigation enhancement. 
In addition, the Committee directs that the FBI may, within 
available 1999 funding, implement the following programs: (1) 
dedicated technical program; (2) foreign counterintelligence 
operational training; (3) all-source/operational analytical 
headquarters support; and (4) all-source/operational analytical 
training. These programs are detailed in the classified annex 
and schedule of authorizations of the Intelligence 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999. The Committee supports 
this programwide initiative to enhance the Bureau's capability 
to collect, process, and analyze espionage and international 
terrorism information.
    Fingerprint-card backlog.--The Committee commends the FBI 
for the significant strides it has made in reducing the overall 
backlog of fingerprints submitted for checks against its 
existing records. Fingerprint-card receipts increased 48 
percent from fiscal year 1994 through fiscal year 1997. To 
address this continually growing backlog, the FBI hired 1,100 
additional criminal justice information services [CJIS] 
employees between January and July 1997. The additional 
personnel and the establishment of several end-to-end 
processing teams reduced the backlog from approximately 
2,900,000 in January 1997 to 700,000 as of February 10, 1998. 
Moreover, the Committee understands the FBI's incremental 
development of the new integrated automated fingerprint 
identification system [IAFIS] is projected to reduce processing 
times to 2 hours for high priority criminal submissions and 24 
hours for all other criminal and civil submissions.
    The Committee is aware that many States require a Federal 
criminal background check for the hiring of schoolbus drivers. 
The Committee directs the FBI to allocate sufficient personnel 
to ensure the timely processing of criminal background checks 
for schoolbus drivers.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $44,506,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      14,146,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,287,000

    The Committee recommends $1,287,000 for FBI construction. 
This amount is $12,859,000 less than the fiscal year 1999 
request and $43,219,000 less than the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation.
    Academy firearms training facility.--Should the funds be 
available in the Department of Justice working capital fund, 
the Committee directs the Attorney General to provide 
$10,000,000 for the second phase of upgrades to the FBI's 
firearms training facility.
    Academy improvements and maintenance.--The Committee 
recommends $1,287,000 to continue necessary improvements and 
maintenance at the FBI Academy.
    Academy master plan.--Should the funds be available in the 
Department of Justice working capital fund, the Committee 
directs the Attorney General to provide $2,859,000 for 
continued development of a comprehensive plan for necessary 
improvements, maintenance, capital improvements, and expansion 
of facilities.
    The Committee finds that in the past there has been no 
long-range planning of construction facilities. With the growth 
of the FBI's construction budget, the Committee directs that 
funding for fiscal year 2000 construction will only be 
appropriated if there is a construction site; the project is 
part of a 5-year Department plan; and the planning and design 
of the project is 35 percent designed.
    The Committee commends the Bureau for its efforts to plan 
for future construction at the Academy. The Committee is 
concerned with the limitations of construction at the Academy 
and directs that a master plan be created which addresses 
construction planning for the next 5 years. This plan should be 
provided to the Appropriations Committees no later than 
February 1, 1999. There are encroachment and boundary 
restrictions which will prevent future expansion of the 
Academy. The Committee urges the Bureau to enter into 
negotiations with the Department of the Navy regarding the 
expansion of the Academy's boundaries.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $1,135,378,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,178,260,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,217,054,000

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$1,217,054,000 for the Drug Enforcement Administration [DEA] 
for fiscal year 1999, of which $407,000,000 is derived from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund for activities authorized by 
the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 
(Public Law 104-132) and the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322).

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $782,109,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     841,970,000
Committee recommendation................................     863,764,000

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$863,764,000 for Drug Enforcement Administration [DEA] salaries 
and expenses for fiscal year 1999, of which $61,710,000 is 
derived from the diversion control fund.
    The Committee recommendation attempts to give DEA the tools 
it needs to properly wage the war on drugs. The Committee 
recommendation provides funding for the following:
    Regional drug enforcement teams.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $21,794,000 and 79 positions (54 
agents) for a new initiative to establish DEA regional drug 
enforcement teams. Organized crime syndicates, based in 
Colombia and Mexico, have established a network of 
compartmentalized cells to conduct their drug trafficking 
operations in the United States. Historically, these crime 
syndicates have maintained command and control centers in major 
U.S. cities such as New York, Miami, and Los Angeles. In 
reaction to law enforcement pressure in major metropolitan 
areas, organized criminal drug syndicates from Mexico and 
Colombia have established regional command/control centers and 
warehousing and transhipment points in smaller, nontraditional 
trafficking locations across the United States.
    The crime syndicates' new command and control centers are, 
in part, responsible for rising rates of drug abuse, drug 
trafficking, and violent crime in our Nation's smaller cities. 
DEA cannot combat this new threat by transferring resources 
from major metropolitan areas to smaller cities. Yet, this new 
development in drug trafficking requires an immediate, 
flexible, and effective law enforcement response.
    In an effort to better address national drug trafficking 
threats on a regional basis and establish the flexibility to 
deploy agent resources and assets to meet emerging drug trends, 
the Committee recommendation will allow DEA to establish 
regional drug enforcement teams, stationed in targeted regions 
across the United States. Mobility has been the strength of the 
drug syndicates and this initiative is intended to counter the 
advantages traffickers have in this area. The establishment of 
regionally based drug enforcement teams will enable DEA to: (1) 
intensify the agency's concentration of enforcement efforts on 
regional drug trafficking problems throughout the country; (2) 
provide a means to focus dedicated intelligence and 
investigative efforts on emerging drug trafficking 
organizations and trends; (3) afford DEA with the flexibility 
to quickly move its special agent personnel and resources as 
necessary to those areas of the country most hard hit by 
changing drug trafficking patterns; and (4) expand and maintain 
DEA's close working relationship with other Federal, State, and 
local law enforcement organizations through ongoing 
multijurisdictional investigations.
    The teams will be compromised of DEA special agents, 
intelligence analysts, and support personnel able to address 
complex enforcement situations in widely dispersed geographic 
areas. On a proactive and selective basis, intelligence-driven 
investigations will be designated as agencywide priority 
enforcement efforts. The teams will direct their efforts toward 
combating specific drug problems as identified by intelligence 
sources and leads provided by DEA's Special Operations Division 
[SOD].
    International program.--The recommendation includes 
$4,212,000 and $1,966,000 to increase DEA presence in the 
Caribbean and Asia, respectively, to enhance DEA cooperation 
with foreign law enforcement organizations. The recommendation 
also includes $1,415,000 for Mexican drug trafficking and 
$1,075,000 to increase DEA's ability to collect and analyze 
information on major drug traffickers from Mexico who have a 
direct impact upon the United States.
    Caribbean strategy.--The recommendation includes $5,632,000 
and 42 agents to enhance DEA's domestic offices in cities that 
are being affected by the influx of violent trafficking groups 
based in the Caribbean. These staffing initiatives are 
necessary to implement and support DEA's Caribbean corridor 
strategy effectively. This strategy is a multiagency initiative 
to stem the flow of drugs transiting Puerto Rico, the Dominican 
Republic, and 26 island nations while attacking simultaneously 
the distribution networks established by Dominican groups in 
the United States.
    In an effort to stem the growing flow of drug trafficking 
through the Caribbean basin, in fiscal years 1997-98, Congress 
provided DEA with an additional 44 special agent positions (25 
in fiscal year 1997 and 19 in fiscal year 1998) to expand 
regional enforcement operations. With the resources provided, 
DEA has worked to significantly increase regional arrests, 
establish a new Caribbean operational plan [CROP] and initiate 
several significant enforcement operations including Operations 
Summer Storm, Blue Skies, and Frontier Lance. DEA has also 
worked to target the infrastructure of several major organized 
crime syndicates operating in Puerto Rico, seizing over 600 
kilograms of cocaine and arresting 65 members of one of the 
most violent trafficking groups operating in the Caribbean. DEA 
has also indicted 12 members of a major drug trafficking 
organization operating at the airport in San Juan, and placing 
cocaine filled suitcases and cargo containers on board 
commercial aircraft destined for the continental United States.
    Methamphetamine initiative.--The recommendation includes 
$24,459,000 and 100 agents to implement a comprehensive 
approach for targeting and investigating methamphetamine 
trafficking, production, and abuse across the United States. 
The funding will allow DEA to investigate and stop 
methamphetamine traffickers; establish a national clandestine 
laboratory data base; reduce the availability of precursor 
chemicals being diverted to clandestine laboratories in the 
United States and abroad; and clean up the hazardous waste 
generated by seized clandestine laboratories.
    Heroin enforcement strategy.--The recommendation includes 
$12,926,000 and 95 agents to combat heroin trafficking, 
production, and distribution networks operating in the United 
States.
    Special intelligence project.--The recommendation includes 
$7,002,000 and three agents to improve cooperative drug law 
enforcement operations at the Federal, State, and local levels. 
Funding these efforts will serve to maximize existing law 
enforcement resources through improved coordination, 
information sharing, and the minimization of duplicate efforts.
    Network control center.--The recommendation includes 
$3,066,000 to establish an alternate site for DEA's Network 
Control Center.
    DEA training facility in Quantico, VA.--The Committee 
recommendation continues funding for the recently established 
DEA training facility at the FBI Training Academy in Quantico, 
VA. The Committee again directs the FBI and the DEA to fully 
integrate their training curriculum as it relates to issues of 
mutual responsibility and statutory jurisdiction to establish, 
maintain, and enhance the mission-related skills of both 
agencies.
    South Carolina low country.--The Committee is concerned 
that the DEA is under-represented in the low country of South 
Carolina, which is experiencing an alarming rate of crack 
cocaine usage. In an effort to counter this trend, the 
Committee directs the DEA to create a post of duty in the low 
country of South Carolina to address this problem.
    ``Drug diversion control fee'' account.--The recommendation 
includes $61,710,000 for DEA's Drug Diversion Control Program 
for fiscal year 1999. This amount is equal to the fiscal year 
1999 request and is $3,442,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation. The Drug Diversion Control Program addresses the 
diversion, distribution, manufacture, and abuse of legitimate 
pharmaceuticals. DEA annually registers more than 900,000 drug 
handlers; more than 1,670 of these handlers are manufacturers, 
distributors, importers, exporters, and others who handle large 
volumes of controlled substances. Registrants pay fees which 
fully support the cost of this program.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for expenses for drug education and training; (2) for 
purchase of passenger vehicles without regard to general 
purchase price limitations; (3) up to $70,000 for unforeseen 
emergencies; (4) up to $2,000,000 for mission essential 
aircraft, replacement parts, and retrofit capability; (5) up to 
$1,800,000 for research and up to $15,000,000 for transfer to 
the ``Drug diversion control fee'' account to remain available 
until expended; (6) up to $5,000,000 for evidence and 
information, up to $10,000,000 for contracting for automated 
data processing [ADP] and telecommunications, $4,000,000 for 
technical equipment, and up to $2,000,000 for laboratory 
equipment to remain available until September 30, 1999; and (7) 
up to $50,000 for official reception and representation 
expenses.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $8,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       8,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       8,000,000

    The Committee recommends continuing the ``Construction'' 
account for DEA to finance needed infrastructure improvements 
and renovations.
    The recommendation includes $8,000,000 to replace DEA's 
deteriorating laboratories and to repair and maintain DEA 
offices and other facilities.

                 Immigration and Naturalization Service

                 (INCLUDING OFFSETTING FEE COLLECTIONS)

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,342,051,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................   1,455,338,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   2,723,523,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................   1,465,416,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,379,235,000
    (Offsetting fee collections)........................   1,560,308,000

    The Committee recommends total new budget (obligational) 
authority of $3,939,543,000 for fiscal year 1999 for the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service [INS]. The 
recommendation is $142,154,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $249,396,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. Of the total amount recommended, $1,099,667,000 is 
derived from the violent crime reduction trust fund, and 
$1,560,308,000 will be derived from offsetting fee collections.
    245i.--The elimination of the 245i program last year has 
had a damaging effect on INS resources. The Committee 
recommendation includes bill language reauthorizing the 245i 
program under general provisions. The Committee directs the INS 
to focus initial revenues on two key initiatives: (1) reduction 
of the naturalization backlog, and (2) construction of a 
detention facility in San Francisco, CA.
    The Committee's recommendations for specific accounts 
within the INS are described in more detail below.

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,266,092,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   2,605,353,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,268,984,000

    The Committee recommends $2,268,984,000 for salaries and 
expenses for fiscal year 1999, including $1,099,667,000 from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund. The recommendation is 
$2,892,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$336,369,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee 
is aware that an additional $1,489,551,000 in reimbursements 
will be made available to this account in fiscal year 1999. 
Within available resources, the Committee directs the INS to 
establish a permanent presence on Kodiak Island manned by not 
less than one full-time special agent.
    Base adjustments.--The Committee recommendation eliminates 
the base increase for detention and deportation (-$50,938,000), 
delays helicopter purchases pending a study detailed below 
(-$4,873,000), downsizes the Legislative and Public Affairs 
Offices (-$2,573,000), closes the Office of Internal Audit 
(-$8,440,000), and adopts an undistributed reduction aimed at 
structural inefficiencies and duplications (-$23,808,000). To 
the greatest degree possible, personnel reductions should be 
achieved through attrition. Where possible, the Committee 
expects displaced personnel of proven merit to be reassigned.
    Transfer to immigration fees.--The recommendation transfers 
$11,000,000 for the enforcement case tracking system [ENFORCE] 
and the biometric identification system [IDENT], and 
$53,000,000 for data processing, legal proceedings, and 
information and records management, out of salaries and 
expenses. The funds are transferred to the ``Immigration user 
fee'' and ``Immigration examinations fee'' accounts. This 
transfer releases additional resources in this account for 
higher priority border control, deportation, and detention 
initiatives. Immigration user and examinations fees may be used 
for expenses in providing immigration enforcement, 
adjudication, and naturalization services and support.
    Transfer to breached bond/detention fund.--The 
recommendation transfers base funding for detention and 
deportation, a total of $52,106,000, to the breached bond/
detention fund. The fund helps defray the cost of detaining 
criminal and illegal aliens.
    Spending increases.--In addition to funds required to 
maintain current operations and onboard staffing levels, the 
Committee recommendation includes the following:
    Border control and interior enforcement.--A total increase 
of $117,718,000 and 1,240 positions over fiscal year 1998, 
including:
  --$103,000,000 for 1,000 new Border Patrol agents and 140 
        support personnel;
  --$10,118,000 for 46 new special agents, 15 new immigration 
        agents, and 39 detention, legal, and support personnel 
        for antismuggling and interdiction operations along the 
        Denver, CO, and Houston, TX, corridors;
  --$3,000,000 for the Law Enforcement Support Center [LESC]. 
        The amount provided assumes the addition of Nebraska 
        into the system; and
  --$1,600,000 for the necessary equipment, modifications, and 
        manning for four dedicated commuter lanes at the Sumas, 
        Lynden, Pacific Highway, and Oroville, WA, ports of 
        entry.
    Border patrol training.--The Committee believes that the 
current chain of command and organizational structure within 
the Immigration and Naturalization Service does not provide for 
an effective link between the field's requirements and the 
production of new Border Patrol agents. The Committee believes 
that having the Border Patrol Training Academy report directly 
to the Assistant Commissioner U.S. Border Patrol would result 
in several operational benefits and enhance effectiveness. It 
would shorten lines of communications with the Academy's 
customers, improve administration and budget requirements, 
ensure that the training program meets operational commanders' 
needs, allow for the more rapid integration of new 
technologies, and would ensure that the Academy receives 
improved management support. Accordingly, the Committee directs 
that this reorganization be made effective by January 1, 1999.
    Border Patrol aviation.--The Committee believes that 
considerable cost savings could be achieved, and border 
surveillance capabilities improved, by moving to a mixed fleet 
of manned and unmanned aircraft. The Committee recommendation 
delays helicopter procurement until the Border Patrol has 
delivered to the Appropriations Committees a report on the cost 
and capabilities of a mixed fleet of unmanned aerial vehicles, 
helicopters, and fixed-wing aircraft. The report should be 
delivered no later than March 1, 1999.
    Deployment of Border Patrol resources.--A recent inspector 
general report detailed how terrorists are taking advantage of 
Canada's asylum policy. They are using that country as a 
springboard for illegal transit into the northern United 
States. At the same time, illegal immigrants continue to flood 
into the southeastern United States by land and sea. Neither 
region has a meaningful Border Patrol presence. The Committee 
expects the INS to begin deploying Border Patrol agents to the 
northern and southeastern United States, as well as continuing 
to augment its presence on the Southwest border. New 
deployments in the Southwest should be targeted at the areas of 
highest criminal activity. INS shall continue its consultation 
with the Committees on Appropriations before deployment of new 
Border Patrol agents.
    Border crossing cards.--The Committee is concerned about 
the need for an expanded consular presence in Mexico to process 
border crossing cards. The Committee directs that fees charged 
for border crossing cards be dedicated to providing additional 
consulates and personnel in Mexico. Also, the Committee is 
concerned that a single $45 fee for a long-term visa may 
discourage cross-border trade and directs the State Department 
to propose a revised fee structure to the Committee within 90 
days to include reduced fees for shorter term cards.
    Illegal alien interdiction.--Colorado is becoming the 
crossroads for illegal aliens seeking employment in the Midwest 
and East. The Denver District Office has proposed interdicting 
transiting illegals by expanding the duty station in Grand 
Junction and opening new duty stations in Alamosa, Glenwood 
Springs, Craig, Durango, and Greeley, CO. The Committee directs 
the INS to implement the Denver proposal. The Committee expects 
the INS to man and equip the offices by redeploying agents and 
materiel from overstaffed offices on both coasts. Where 
possible, INS personnel should be colocated with local law 
enforcement agencies. The Committee recommendation includes 
$632,000 to lease office space, where necessary, and to cover 
other incidental costs associated with the initiative.
    Also, the Committee is concerned that insufficient 
resources have been deployed along Interstate 15 [I-15] to 
interdict illegal and criminal aliens. This traffic contributes 
greatly to crime problems in cities in Utah and elsewhere. In 
order to strengthen enforcement along the I-15 corridor, the 
INS is directed to establish a field office in southwest Utah. 
The Committee expects to be consulted prior to the final siting 
of the office.
    Targeting magnet industries.--In determining the 
distribution of INS agents, the Committee requests that the INS 
provide special consideration to placing additional agents in 
Nebraska. Nebraska is in a unique situation with regard to 
immigration. There are 170 meat packing plants in Nebraska. In 
a recently released report, the General Accounting Office 
estimated that 25 percent of the work force in Nebraska plants 
are illegal immigrants. In addition, Interstate 80 (I-80), 
which runs the length of Nebraska, is a major pipeline for 
illegal immigrants traveling across the United States. The 
Committee believes that increasing the number of special agents 
enforcing the law along I-80 will be beneficial to Nebraska and 
several other States bisected by the highway.
    In addition, the Committee directs the INS to increase 
manning in Kansas City, MO. This increase should help ensure 
that illegal immigrants detained by local police are not 
released as a result of INS agents not being able to take 
custody of detainees. The convergence of three interstates, I-
70, I-35, and I-29, makes Kansas City an opportune location for 
intercepting illegal immigrants seeking employment in chicken 
processing plants in southern Missouri. The Committee believes 
that converting Kansas City into a choke point will 
significantly disrupt illegal immigrant traffic.
    Detention space shortfall.--As noted above, Utah has 
experienced increasing problems with illegal and criminal 
aliens both transiting and remaining in Utah. In particular, 
the lack of available jail space in Utah for INS detainees 
undercuts efforts by local police to intercept aliens. The INS 
is directed to designate Salt Lake City, UT, as a hub location 
for the criminal alien county jail removal program and to 
establish at Salt Lake City a temporary holding facility for 
criminal aliens. The INS is also directed to provide to the 
Committees on Appropriations reports on the following: (1) the 
feasibility of locating a permanent INS detention center at 
Salt Lake City, and (2) the resources and training needed to 
address the overall INS mission in Utah, with specific 
reference to detention space and the number and distribution of 
agents assigned to the State. The reports should be delivered 
to the Committees not later than January 31, 1999.
    Refugees.--Immigration advocates have called for circuit 
rides through Russia and the New Independent States by INS 
personnel to ease the financial and logistical burden on 
foreign nationals seeking refugee status. The Committee is 
concerned by the potential costs and safety risks of sending 
INS personnel through Eurasia in search of potential refugees, 
not to mention the precedent. Last year, INS and the State 
Department were successful in eliminating onerous travel 
requirements associated with the adoption of Russian orphans by 
American parents in Vladivostok. The Committee directs the INS 
and the State Department to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations not later than March 1, 1999, on no or low-cost 
options for improving refugee processing in Russia and the New 
Independent States.
    Casework.--The Boston District Office has one person 
attempting to deal with the avalanche of casework inquiries 
from local, State, and Federal officials. The Committee directs 
the INS to reassign not less than three personnel currently 
assigned at headquarters, Washington, DC, to the Boston 
District Office to augment its inquiries operation. Of the 
three personnel reassigned, not less than one shall be 
dedicated solely to handling casework from the northern New 
England States. INS shall report to the Committees on 
Appropriations on the completed personnel transfer not later 
than November 1, 1998.

                       Offsetting fee collections

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,560,308,000 of 
spending for fiscal year 1999 from fee-funded accounts, an 
increase of $104,970,000 above the fiscal year 1998 level, to 
support activities related to the legal admission of persons 
into the United States. These activities are supported entirely 
by fees paid by persons who are either traveling 
internationally or are applying for immigration benefits. The 
Committee recommendations, by account, follow:

                          Immigration user fee

    The Committee recommends $444,290,000 of spending for 
fiscal year 1999 from the ``Immigration user fee'' account, an 
increase of $17,668,000 over fiscal year 1998.
    The immigration user fee account faces a crisis. Inspection 
costs are exceeding user fee receipts even after INS extended 
fees to previously exempted passengers transiting through the 
United States. For now, the solvency of the account is 
dependent upon carryover balances. These balances will be 
exhausted within a year or two. Congress is confronted with 
four options for restoring the financial health of the account: 
(1) reduce services, (2) eliminate the cruise ship exemption 
for ships, other than ferries, arriving at United States ports 
from Canada, Mexico, or adjacent Carribean islands, (3) raise 
the airport fee, or (4) charge vessel and aircraft crews. The 
Committee recommendation maintains current services until a 
clear consensus emerges as to the means of matching revenues to 
requirements in this account.
    Base adjustments.--The Committee recommendation does not 
include $11,000,000 for departure management. This new program 
is a low priority compared to assuring: (1) the swiftest 
possible inspections for legal entrants; and, (2) the 
detection, detention, and deportation of illegal entrants at 
U.S. air and sea ports of entry.
    Transfer to immigration user fee.--The recommendation 
transfers base funding of $11,000,000 for the enforcement case 
tracking system [ENFORCE] and the biometric identification 
system [IDENT] from salaries and expenses to this account. 
Immigration user fees may be used for immigration enforcement 
expenses.

                      Immigration examinations fee

    The Committee recommends $905,700,000 of spending for 
fiscal year 1999 from offsetting collections from the 
``Immigration examinations fee'' account, an increase of 
$113,300,000 from the fiscal year 1998 level.
    Last year, the Committee provided $205,300,000 in program 
increases to improve the integrity of the naturalization 
process and reduce the naturalization application backlog. 
Today, the ``Exams fee'' account is in flux. Receipts are down, 
a fee proposal is under review, and a major reprogramming is 
imminent. The Committee recommendation maintains current 
operations and onboard staffing levels until the assumptions 
underlying the fiscal year 1999 request come into clearer 
focus.
    Transfer to immigration examinations fee.--The 
recommendation transfers base funding for data processing, 
legal proceedings, and information and records management, a 
total of $53,000,000, from Salaries and expenses to this 
account. Immigration examination fees may be used for expenses 
in providing immigration adjudication and naturalization 
services and support.
    Transfer to general administration.--The Committee 
recommendation includes the transfer of $5,000,000 from this 
account to general administration to cover Justice Management 
Division expenses associated with INS oversight. This includes 
the continuation of semiannual outside audits of the 
naturalization and records centralization processes. At a 
minimum, the audits should cover training, adherence to 
procedures, and timeliness of new technology implementation.
    Transfer to administrative review and appeals.--The 
Committee recommendation includes a $97,400,000 transfer from 
this account to administrative review and appeals to cover 
Executive Office for Immigration Review expenses. Immigration 
examinations fees may be used for expenses in providing 
immigration adjudication.
    245i.--As noted at the beginning of the section, some of 
the funds generated by the reauthorization of the 245i Program 
will be provided to reduce the naturalization backlog.

                       land border inspection fee

    The Committee recommends $3,275,000 of spending for fiscal 
year 1999 from the land border inspection fund, an increase of 
$232,000 over fiscal year 1998, to support inspection services 
at land border ports of entry. Revenues from this account help 
underwrite the operation of dedicated commuter lanes for 
preregistered U.S. citizens.
    Peace Arch Crossing Entry [PACE] Program.--The Committee 
encourages the INS to work with the Cascadia Cross-Border 
Working Group to expand the PACE Program on the United States 
side to match the Canadian program enhancements pursuant to the 
goals of the United States/Canada shared border accord. To 
provide resources for this expansion, the Committee encourages 
the INS to direct 75 percent of the funds collected locally by 
the PACE Program to the Northwest region.

                      Breached Bond/Detention Fund

    The Committee recommends $201,995,000 of spending for 
fiscal year 1999 from the breached bond/detention fund, a 
decrease of $33,277,000 below the fiscal year 1998 level, to 
support detention of criminal and illegal aliens. The decrease 
is attributable to a reduction in 245i resources.
    Base transfer to breached bond/detention fund.--The 
recommendation transfers base funding for detention and 
deportation, a total of $52,106,000, from salaries and expenses 
to the breached bond/detention fund. The fund helps defray the 
cost of detaining criminal and illegal aliens.
    245i.--As noted at the beginning of the section, some of 
the funds generated by the reauthorization of the 245i Program 
will be provided for building a new joint INS-U.S. Marshals 
detention facility in San Francisco, CA.
    Video conferencing.--Of the amount provided, $1,026,000 is 
for the acquisition and installation of video-conferencing 
equipment at 20 institutional hearing program sites, including 
California, Florida, and Texas. The Committee expects INS to 
consult with the Committees on Appropriations prior to the 
final determination of the installation sites.

                     Immigration Enforcement Fines

    The Committee recommends $4,050,000 of spending for fiscal 
year 1999 from the ``Immigration enforcement fines'' account, 
an increase of $250,000 over fiscal year 1998, to support 
border enforcement activities. The amount provided includes the 
funds necessary to install at least one remote video 
surveillance system and associated sensors in Santa Theresa, 
NM.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) up to $50,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies and up to 
$5,000 to be used for official reception and representation 
expenses; (2) for the purchase of motor vehicles for police-
type use and for uniforms, without regard to general purchase 
price limitations; (3) for immigration-related research; (4) up 
to $400,000 for research to be available until expended; (5) up 
to $30,000 to be paid to individual employees for overtime; (6) 
up to $5,000,000 for payments to State and local law 
enforcement agencies engaged in cooperative activities related 
to immigration; and (7) no more than 20 positions in the 
offices of public and legislative affairs and no more than four 
political appointees INS-wide.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $75,959,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     118,170,000
Committee recommendation................................     110,251,000

    The Committee recommends $110,251,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for construction projects. The recommendation is $34,292,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation, and $7,919,000 below 
the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee recommendations by project are displayed in 
the following table:

                            INS construction

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
Border Patrol:                                            recommendation
    Construction:
        El Centro, CA:
            Border Patrol station.............................     5,603
            Sector HQ.........................................     2,842
        Hebbronville, TX--Border Patrol station...............     3,612
        Sierra Blanca, TX--Border Patrol station..............     2,752
        Brownsville, TX--Border Patrol station................     6,800
        Del Rio, TX--Border Patrol sector HQ..................     3,097
        Artesia, NM--Law enforcement training center..........     5,525
        Charleston, SC--Border Patrol academy.................    10,900
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................    41,131
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Military engineering support to the Border Patrol:
    Construction:
        Tucson, AZ--I-19 traffic checkpoint exit lane.........       145
        Douglas, AZ--Lights...................................       777
        Nogales, AZ--Lights...................................       890
        Naco, AZ--Lights......................................       430
        Calexico, CA--Fence...................................       372
        Columbus, NM--POE processing/control facility.........       386
        Santa Theresa, NM--Fence..............................       600
        Brownsville, TX--Fence................................       462
        Raymondville, TX--Sterile train check area............       477
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................     4,539
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
    Maintenance:
        Douglas, AZ--Fence....................................       100
        San Diego, CA--Fence/roads/lights.....................     3,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................     3,100
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Detention: Construction: El Centro, CA--Service processing 
    center....................................................     4,193
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Servicewide one-time construction.............................    26,405
Servicewide maintenance and repair............................    22,095
Servicewide fuel storage tank upgrade/repair..................     4,300
Program execution.............................................     4,488
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Total, INS construction.................................   110,251

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table are described in more detail in the following paragraph.
    Reprioritization.--The Committee recommendation defers low-
priority new starts while undertaking needed repairs and 
improvements at Border Patrol training facilities and 
completing a fence project in New Mexico. Funds for Artesia, 
NM, reimburse the law enforcement training center for 
construction costs associated with Border Patrol advanced 
training.

                         Federal Prison System

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $3,404,910,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   3,357,050,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,298,712,000

    The Committee recommends total budgetary resources of 
$3,298,712,000 for the Federal prison system for fiscal year 
1999, including $9,559,000 from the violent crime reduction 
trust fund and $3,289,153,000 from discretionary 
appropriations. The Committee recommendation also assumes that 
in addition to amounts appropriated, $90,000,000 will be 
available in end-of-year carryover balances.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,847,777,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   2,943,053,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,919,515,000

    The Committee recommends total budgetary resources of 
$2,919,515,000 for the salaries and expenses of the Federal 
prison system for fiscal year 1999, including $9,559,000 from 
the violent crime reduction trust fund and $2,909,956,000 from 
discretionary appropriations. The Committee recommendation also 
assumes that in addition to amounts appropriated, $90,000,000 
will be available in end-of-year carryover balances.
    Activation of new prisons.--The Committee understands that 
because of delays in scheduled activations for 1999 and lower 
than anticipated operational costs, the appropriation required 
for the Federal prison system can be reduced by $51,000,000 
without affecting requested program levels. According to 
information provided by the Bureau of Prisons [BOP] in June 
1998, the Bureau anticipates $90,000,000 in funds that will 
carry over from fiscal year 1998.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding to activate 
the expansion at Loretto, PA, in fiscal year 1999.
    In addition, the recommendation includes a total of 
$9,559,000 in resources from the violent crime reduction trust 
fund as authorized in the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-322) to treat over 
6,000 Federal prison inmates with substance abuse problems.
    Privatization of Federal prison facilities.--The Committee 
is aware that the 5-year privatization demonstration project at 
the Taft, CA, minimum- and low-security facility has begun. The 
Committee understands that the first inmates began arriving in 
December 1997. As of May 21, 1998, there were 1,713 inmates 
housed at the Taft facility and approximately 80 additional 
inmates will arrive at the facility each week. This will 
continue until the institution reaches its full capacity of 
1,536 low security and 512 minimum security Federal inmates. In 
the fiscal year 1998 conference report, the Committee directed 
the BOP to provide a report on the privatization of Federal 
prison facilities. The report submitted to this Committee did 
not describe the overall performance, safety, and operational 
concerns associated with prison privatization. Accordingly, the 
Committee directs the BOP to report on the progress of the 5-
year prison privatization demonstration project by December 31, 
1998.
    Operating efficiencies and cost reductions.--The Committee 
commends the BOP for its operating efficiencies by 
consolidating and sharing like-services at several multilevel 
security prison facilities within a prison complex; expanding 
institution hearing programs to facilitate the completion of 
removal proceedings for non-U.S. citizen inmates prior to 
completion of their sentence; identifying ways such as 
telemedicine to reduce health care costs; and voluntarily 
reducing its authority by 760 positions in fiscal year 1999. 
The Committee recognizes the outstanding management of the BOP 
and encourages continued identification of cost efficiencies 
without sacrificing security.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding to complete 
activation of the following facilities:

Butner, NC--Federal medical center......................      $4,675,000
Edgefield, SC--Federal correctional institution.........      19,730,000
Beaumont, TX--Federal correctional complex--medium......      26,683,000
Fort Devens, MA--Federal medical center.................      25,867,000
Carswell AFB, TX--Federal medical center--low...........       4,960,000
Morgantown, WV--Federal correctional institution--
    expansion...........................................       1,719,000

    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for the purchase of motor vehicles for police-type use and 
the purchase of uniforms without regard to the general purchase 
price limitation; (2) for the provision of technical advice to 
foreign governments; (3) for transfer of funds to the Health 
Resources and Services Administration; (4) for the Director to 
enter into contracts to furnish health care; (5) up to $6,000 
for reception and representation expenses; (6) up to 
$90,000,000 as discussed above for necessary prison operations 
to remain available until September 30, 2000; (7) up to 
$20,000,000 for contract confinement expenses for the care and 
security of Cuban and Haitian entrants; and (8) for the Federal 
prison system to enter into contracts and other agreements with 
private entities for a multiyear period for the confinement of 
Federal prisoners.

                        Buildings And Facilities

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $557,133,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     413,997,000
Committee recommendation................................     379,197,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $379,197,000 for fiscal 
year 1999 for the construction, modernization, maintenance, and 
repair of prison and detention facilities housing Federal 
prisoners. This amount is $177,936,000 less than the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $34,800,000 less than the fiscal 
year 1999 budget request.
    Transfer of D.C. sentenced felons.--The Committee 
understands that the BOP has started transferring D.C. 
sentenced felons into Federal custody as capacity permits based 
on the closure of the Lorton correctional complex by December 
31, 2001. Further, the Committee understands that the BOP has 
started or will begin the preparation of environmental impact 
statements at several locations. This effort is to determine 
acceptable sites for additional capacity in order that the BOP 
can absorb D.C. sentenced felons.
    The Committee understands the BOP can expeditiously 
construct two facilities at existing sites in Petersburg, VA, 
and Coleman, FL, and plans to construct four additional 
facilities related to D.C. sentenced felons. The Committee 
directs the BOP to construct three of these facilities in 
Kentucky, South Carolina, and West Virginia at sites in 
proximity to the District of Columbia. The Committee directs 
the BOP to construct the fourth facility in Scranton, PA.
    Federal prison capacity.--The level of overcrowding in 
Federal high-security prisons continues to remain high at over 
52 percent. The Committee is especially concerned about the 
overcrowding at the Federal correctional institution located in 
Lewisburg, PA, where the institution is 63 percent overcrowded. 
Under these circumstances, the Committee views the 
administration's plan, as outlined in the budget, to allow 36 
percent overcrowding by 2006 as insufficient and irresponsible. 
Again, the Committee directs BOP to evaluate critical space 
needs, review site options for a higher security facility in 
the western region which faces the highest prison overcrowding, 
and report back with its recommendation by no later than 30 
days after enactment of this legislation. The Committee has 
provided additional funding to address what it views as the 
greatest long-term need within BOP--adequate bed space for 
Federal inmates convicted of violent crimes. This increase 
includes $6,000,000 for construction of a medium security 
facility at the Federal prison site in Yazoo City, MS, and 
anticipates future expansion to include a high-security 
facility. It also includes $2,000,000 for construction at 
Forrest City, AR. Also, the Committee directs the Department of 
Justice to provide a program increase of at least $300,000,000 
in the fiscal year 2000 request for new construction, 
modernization, and repair within the Federal prison system. The 
recommendation reflects the Committee's strongly held view that 
building and maintaining adequate prison capacity is a critical 
component of a successful crime-fighting strategy.
    The Committee encourages the use of local labor and 
services, where appropriate and cost effective, for the 
construction of these facilities.
    Federal prisons infrastructure.--The Committee is concerned 
about maintenance and repair of BOP facilities. BOP has not 
requested program increases for its modernization and repair 
budget despite fast growth in the inmate population. BOP 
reports that it has 39 facilities over 30 years old and 20 
facilities over 50 years old. Years of overcrowding have caused 
above normal wear on prison facilities, and BOP does not 
project a decrease in overcrowding levels in the near future. 
The Committee believes that BOP's current method of focusing on 
a few selected projects is not adequate. There can be serious 
consequences when correctional facilities are not adequately 
maintained. The Committee directs the BOP to develop a long-
term approach to its modernization and repair program ensuring 
adequate and consistent funding to maintain its infrastructure. 
BOP should report its recommendations back to the Committee by 
February 1, 1999.
    Narrowband communications.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $11,176,602 for narrowband radio communications. The 
Committee is concerned that the BOP's conversion to narrowband 
communications has not adequately addressed the necessity for 
interoperability between other law enforcement agencies. 
Therefore, the Committee directs the BOP to participate with 
the Department's Justice Management Division [JMD] in the 
development of a narrowband communications conversion master 
plan. The plan will address commonality, interoperability, 
costs, schedules, network architecture, field tests, 
reliability, security, and systems growth. This plan shall be 
provided to the Appropriations Committees no later than 
November 1, 1998. The Committee directs the BOP not to expend 
these funds until at least 45 days after the date the report is 
received by the committees.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for planning, acquisition of sites, and construction of 
facilities; (2) for leasing a facility in Oklahoma City, OK; 
(3) for acquisition, remodeling, and equipping facilities by 
contract or force account; (4) for up to $14,074,000 to 
construct inmate work areas; (5) for use of prisoner labor; and 
(6) for up to 10 percent of this appropriation to be 
transferred to the ``Salaries and expenses'' account.

                    Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

                (Limitation On Administrative Expenses)

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $3,266,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       3,266,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,266,000

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $3,266,000 for the Federal Prison Industries, Inc., 
for fiscal year 1999, which is equal to the amount requested 
and equal to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation.
    The Committee recognizes the importance of Federal Prison 
Industries [UNICOR] in the efficient and safe management of 
Federal prisons. UNICOR provides prison inmates with the 
opportunity to learn important work habits, participate in 
meaningful employment which keeps them productively occupied 
during work hours, and developing improved job skills which 
help reduce recidivism. The Committee also recognizes the 
necessity for UNICOR to grow and provide more jobs as the 
inmate population increases.

                       Office of Justice Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $4,800,175,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   4,447,370,000
Committee recommendation................................   4,643,207,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,643,207,000 in new 
budget (obligational) authority for fiscal year 1999, including 
$3,564,650,000 from the violent crime reduction trust fund for 
the various law enforcement assistance, juvenile justice, 
research, and statistics programs of the Office of Justice 
Programs [OJP].
    Included in these amounts are funds to continue providing 
assistance to States and localities, such as the State and 
Local Law Enforcement Block Grant Program, the Community 
Oriented Policing Services [COPS] Program, the violent offender 
incarceration and truth-in-sentencing incarceration grants, the 
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program, the Violence Against 
Women Grant Program, the Byrne Grant Program, the Weed and Seed 
Program, juvenile justice and delinquency prevention, and 
victims of child abuse programs.

                           Justice Assistance

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $173,600,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     307,711,000
Committee recommendation................................     170,151,000

    The Committee recommends $170,151,000 in direct 
appropriations for justice assistance for fiscal year 1999.
    The funding provided for justice assistance includes funds 
to States for research, evaluation, statistics, information 
sharing, emergency assistance, missing children assistance, and 
the management and administration of all grants provided 
through the Office of Justice Programs.

                                               JUSTICE ASSISTANCE                                               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1998         1999 budget       Committee   
                                                                appropriation       estimate      recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Institute of Justice................................     $42,577,000      $57,148,000      $46,148,000 
    Defense/law enforcement technology transfer..............     (10,277,000)     (10,277,000)     (10,277,000)
Counterterrorism technologies................................      12,000,000   ...............  \1\ 10,000,000 
Grants to firefighters and emergency service personnel.......       5,000,000   ...............   \1\ 7,000,000 
State and local antiterrorism training.......................       2,000,000        2,000,000        2,000,000 
Bureau of Justice Statistics.................................      21,529,000       27,029,000       25,529,000 
Missing children.............................................      12,256,000       12,256,000       17,168,000 
National sex offender registry...............................      25,000,000   ...............          ( \2\ )
Regional information sharing system..........................      20,000,000       20,000,000       25,000,000 
National White Collar Crime Center...........................       5,350,000        5,350,000        5,350,000 
Management and administration................................      27,888,000       39,428,000       31,956,000 
Counterterrorism budget amendment............................  ...............     144,500,000           ( \3\ )
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total justice assistance...............................     173,600,000      307,711,000      170,151,000 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Included in 1999 budget estimate under State and local law enforcement assistance.                          
\2\ Included under State and local law enforcement assistance--upgrade criminal history records.                
\3\ Included in counterterrorism fund.                                                                          

    National Institute of Justice.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $46,148,000 for the National Institute 
of Justice [NIJ] for fiscal year 1999, which is a $3,571,000 
increase over the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. The increase 
is provided to expand research and development programs within 
NIJ. In addition, $20,000,000 will be provided to NIJ in fiscal 
year 1999, as was provided in fiscal year 1998, from the local 
law enforcement block grant for assisting local units to 
identify, select, develop, modernize, and purchase new 
technologies for use by law enforcement. NIJ is the Nation's 
primary source of research and development in the field of 
criminal justice. NIJ fosters innovation in law enforcement 
technologies and practices, investigates causes and patterns of 
crime, and informs the public of research and development 
findings.
    The Committee recognizes the importance of further 
development, testing, and deployment of imaging technology 
systems among law enforcement agencies nationwide. Within the 
available resources, the Committee urges the NIJ to consider 
funding to establish a Forensics Imaging Response Center at the 
Institute for Forensic Imaging in Indianapolis, IN.
    Within total funding for the NIJ, the Committee directs 
that increased amounts over fiscal year 1998 be made available 
for computerized identification systems and forensic DNA 
analysis technologies. The Committee also recommends $1,200,000 
for the study and development of perfluorocarbon technology.
    Also within total funding for NIJ, the Committee directs 
that increased amounts over fiscal year 1998 be made available 
for the utilization of telemedicine to provide health care for 
the prison inmate population. The Committee believes that 
telemedicine will decrease inmate transport to medical 
facilities, thereby increasing security by reducing the 
opportunity for escape and alleviating the high cost of inmate 
transportation. It also will decrease physician and provider 
isolation, promote inmate health and disease prevention through 
screening, and health care delivery. The Committee directs that 
the Medical University of South Carolina and the Federal prison 
in Estill, SC, be utilized for a telemedicine demonstration 
project. NIJ should coordinate the project with the Bureau of 
Prisons and the National Institute of Corrections to avoid 
duplication and overlap with other existing telemedicine 
demonstration projects.
    Safe schools initiative [SSI].--The Committee is concerned 
about the level of violence in our children's schools as 
evidenced by recent tragic incidents that have occurred around 
the Nation. In particular, the incidence of gun violence by 
juveniles in schools is growing at an alarming rate. If 
children are fearful for their safety in school, they cannot 
learn and, if they do not learn, the future of our Nation is at 
risk. To address this issue, the Committee recommendation 
includes $210,000,000 for a new safe schools initiative [SSI], 
including funds for prevention and technology. Within this 
total, $25,000,000 is from the Juvenile Justice At-Risk 
Children's Program for communities to implement approaches 
unique to their particular areas and $10,000,000 is from funds 
available to the National Institute of Justice [NIJ] to develop 
new, more effective safety technologies such as less obtrusive 
weapons detection and surveillance equipment and information 
systems that provide communities quick access to the 
information they need to identify potentially violent youth. As 
part of this effort, the NIJ's Southeast National Law 
Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center should conduct 
pilot projects at specific schools to determine law enforcement 
technologies that can reduce school vulnerabilities. Finally, 
$175,000,000 is from the Community Oriented Policing Services 
[COPS] Program to increase community policing in and around 
schools.
    Defense/law enforcement technology transfer.--The Committee 
recommendation includes resources of $10,277,000 to provide for 
NIJ management and oversight of this program to support joint 
efforts by the Justice Department and the Department of Defense 
to adapt defense technologies to law enforcement use, to field 
prototype systems for evaluation, to develop standards and test 
products, and to develop technologies that will minimize the 
risk of death or injury to law enforcers, corrections officers, 
and citizens.
    Counterterrorism technologies.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $10,000,000 for counterterrorism 
technology programs authorized under section 821 of the 
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996.
    Grants to firefighters and emergency service personnel.--
The Committee recommendation provides $7,000,000 for local 
firefighter and emergency service training grants as authorized 
under section 819 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death 
Penalty Act of 1996. In addition, the Committee recommendation 
includes $25,000,000 in the counterterrorism fund for improving 
municipal fire and emergency services.
    State and local antiterrorism training.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $2,000,000 for State and local law 
enforcement training to address antiterrorism preparedness. The 
recommendation is equal to the current year appropriation and 
the fiscal year 1999 request. This effort includes the 
effective management of multiagency responses to terrorist 
acts.
    Bureau of Justice Statistics.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $25,529,000 for the Bureau of Justice Statistics [BJS] 
for fiscal year 1999, which is $4,000,000 more than the current 
year appropriation. The BJS is responsible for the collection, 
analysis, and publication of statistical information on crime, 
criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operations of the 
Nation's justice systems.
    Missing children.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$17,168,000 for the Missing Children Program to combat crimes 
against children, particularly kidnaping and sexual 
exploitation. This increase expands the missing children 
initiative included in the fiscal year 1998 conference report. 
Within the amounts provided the Committee has included:
  --(1) $7,798,000 for the Missing Children Program within the 
        Office of Justice Programs, Justice Assistance, 
        including the following: $5,000,000 for State and local 
        law enforcement to continue eight specialized 
        cyberunits and to form eight new units to investigate 
        and prevent child sexual exploitation which are based 
        on the protocols for conducting investigations 
        involving the Internet and online service providers 
        that have been established by the Department of Justice 
        and the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
        Children; $162,000 for highly technical, sophisticated 
        computer crime training for State and local law 
        enforcement; $90,000 for a national teleconference on 
        cybercrime against children; and $75,000 for town 
        meetings to focus on cybercrimes against children in 
        local communities around the country;
  --(2) $8,120,000 for the National Center for Missing and 
        Exploited Children, of which $1,900,000 is provided for 
        Internet investigations. The Committee expects the 
        National Center for Missing and Exploited Children to 
        continue to consult with participating law enforcement 
        agencies to ensure the curriculum, training, and 
        programs provided with this additional funding are 
        consistent with the protocols for conducting 
        investigations involving the Internet and online 
        service providers that have been established by the 
        Department of Justice. Also included is the following: 
        $180,000 for cybercrime awareness training for law 
        enforcement in every State; $690,000 for expansion and 
        enhancement of the cybertipline, technology upgrades, 
        and enhancement of the exploited child unit; $300,000 
        for a national survey regarding the exposure of 
        children and youth to unwanted sexual solicitations and 
        pornography on the Internet; and $50,000 to increase 
        staffing at the center's office in Columbia, SC; and
  --(3) $1,250,000 for the Jimmy Ryce Law Enforcement Training 
        Center for training of State and local law enforcement 
        officials investigating missing and exploited children 
        cases. The Committee recommendation includes an 
        increase for expansion of the center to train 
        additional law enforcement officers.
    The Committee acknowledges the significant progress and 
efforts of the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
Children to address the increasing need to combat crimes 
against children. These efforts include initiatives for State 
and local law enforcement to form specialized cyberunits to 
investigate and prevent child sexual exploitation and the 
establishment of a cybertipline at the center. This tipline has 
provided numerous leads and information regarding missing 
children and child sexual exploitation.
    The Committee recognizes that schools can play a vital role 
in the identification and recovery of missing children. When a 
child has been abducted, particularly by a parent, the abductor 
frequently attempts to obtain a birth certificate or school 
records in order to enroll the child in a new school or day 
care. Oftentimes, the children are enrolled under their real 
names. The Committee urges States to enact legislation 
requiring schools and public recordkeeping agencies to flag 
records of abducted children and notify law enforcement if an 
attempt is made to obtain those records; and requiring schools 
and day-care providers to require proof of identity for new 
enrollees and cross-check the names against the missing child 
data base.
    The Committee is troubled by the emergence of sex tourism 
in the United States. This devastating practice originated in 
developing areas of the world where the pressure to increase 
tourism as a source of income predisposed the governments to 
ignore this practice. Glossy brochures and websites advertise 
packages for travelers complete with airfare, hotel, and 
directions to local brothels. Children are being bought and 
sold using the Internet. Similarly, pedophiles are using the 
Internet to befriend and lure children. The Committee directs 
the Department to work closely with the National Center for 
Missing and Exploited Children, schools, and libraries to 
educate the public about the potential risks of Internet 
usages. Further, the Committee suggests that the Center create 
a brief information seminar appropriate for organizations, such 
as Boys and Girls Clubs of America, who can provide information 
directly to juveniles.
    The Committee recognizes the key role private organizations 
can play in combating child abduction. When non-law-enforcement 
entities adopt procedures that hinder pedophiles and 
kidnappers, they are doing a much needed public service. Of 
note is Walmart's Code Adam Program. When a child disappears in 
a participating store, code Adam is addressed over the public 
address system. Store personnel immediately stop work to look 
for the child and monitor all exits. If the missing child is 
not located in 10 minutes or is seen with someone other than a 
parent or guardian, the police are called. This program is 
implemented in all 2,800 Walmart and Sam's Club stores. The 
Committee urges retail stores, public buildings, and Federal 
buildings to adopt comparable programs.
    National sex offender registry.--The Committee 
recommendation provides funding for the national sex offender 
registry for fiscal year 1999 under State and local law 
enforcement assistance--upgrade criminal history records. This 
program will identify, collect, and exchange sexual offender 
data from the States through an automated national registry.
    Regional information sharing system.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 for 
the regional information sharing system [RISS], which is 
$5,000,000 more than the amount provided for in the fiscal year 
1998 appropriation. The RISS Program provides funds to maintain 
six regional-based information sharing centers in the United 
States to assist States in addressing major, 
multijurisdictional crimes. The increase will facilitate the 
rapid exchange and sharing of information pertaining to 
criminals and criminal activity. This exchange and sharing of 
information will be provided to more Federal, State, and local 
law enforcement agencies than are currently able to participate 
under present funding.
    National White Collar Crime Center.--The Committee 
recommends a total of $5,350,000 for the National White Collar 
Crime Center [NWCCC] for fiscal year 1999. This is equal to the 
full amount requested. This program provides assistance to 
State and local law enforcement and regulatory agencies in 
addressing multijurisdictional white collar crimes.
    Management and administration.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $31,956,000 for the management and 
administration [M&A;] of the Office of Justice Programs. In 
addition, reimbursable funding will be provided from the 
``Community Oriented Policing Services Program'' account and 
the violent crime reduction programs; and a transfer from the 
``Juvenile justice'' account for the administration of grants 
under these activities. Total funding for the administration of 
grants is as follows:

Office of Justice Programs Management and Administration

                                                               Committee
        Program                                           recommendation

Direct appropriation....................................     $31,956,000
Transfer from juvenile justice programs.................       6,647,000
Reimbursement from VCRTF programs.......................      47,230,000
Reimbursement from COPS.................................       3,300,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total.............................................      89,133,000

    Counterterrorism budget amendment.--The Committee 
recommendation does not include $144,500,000 to train and equip 
State and local response personnel to respond to a terrorist 
incident involving weapons of mass destruction. The Committee 
has provided funding for this effort within the 
counterterrorism fund.

               State And Local Law Enforcement Assistance

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,891,400,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   2,369,400,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,676,650,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $2,676,650,000 for 
fiscal year 1999, of which $2,124,650,000 is provided from the 
violent crime reduction trust fund. These funds provide 
assistance to State and local governments in their drug control 
and other law enforcement efforts as follows:

                     OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS--STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE                     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1998         1999 budget       Committee   
                                                                appropriation       estimate      Recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct appropriation:                                                                                           
    Byrne grants:                                                                                               
        Discretionary........................................     $46,500,000   ...............     $47,000,000 
        Formula..............................................     462,500,000   ...............     505,000,000 
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, direct appropriation.....................     509,000,000   ...............     552,000,000 
                                                              ==================================================
Violent crime reduction trust fund:                                                                             
    Byrne grants (discretionary).............................  ...............     $47,750,000   ...............
    Byrne grants (formula)...................................      42,500,000      505,000,000   ...............
    Local law enforcement block grant........................     523,000,000   ...............     500,000,000 
        Boys and Girls Clubs.................................     (20,000,000)  ...............     (40,000,000)
    Juvenile accountability incentive block grant............     250,000,000   ...............     100,000,000 
    Youth violence courts....................................  ...............      50,000,000   ...............
    Juvenile prosecutor program..............................  ...............     100,000,000   ...............
    Community prosecutors program............................  ...............      50,000,000   ...............
    Drug intervention treatment program......................  ...............      85,000,000   ...............
    Indian tribal courts program.............................  ...............      10,000,000       10,000,000 
    Juvenile drug prevention program.........................  ...............       5,000,000   ...............
    Drug courts..............................................      30,000,000       30,000,000       40,000,000 
    Violence Against Women Act programs......................     270,750,000      270,750,000      282,750,000 
    Upgrade criminal history records.........................      45,000,000       45,000,000   \1\ 45,000,000 
    State prison grants......................................     720,500,000      711,000,000      711,000,000 
        Cooperative agreement program........................     (25,000,000)     (25,000,000)     (25,000,000)
        Indian country.......................................      (5,000,000)     (52,000,000)     (52,000,000)
        Alien incarceration..................................    (165,000,000)    (150,000,000)    (150,000,000)
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program..................     420,000,000      350,000,000      350,000,000 
    Substance abuse treatment for State prison-  ers.........      63,000,000       72,000,000       63,000,000 
    DNA identification State grants..........................      12,500,000       15,000,000       15,000,000 
    Counterterrorism technologies............................  ...............      10,000,000           ( \2\ )
    Grants to firefighters/emergency service personnel.......  ...............       5,000,000           ( \2\ )
Other crime control programs:                                                                                   
    Safe Return Program......................................         900,000          900,000          900,000 
    Tuberculosis in prisons..................................  ...............       1,000,000        1,000,000 
    Law enforcement family support programs..................       1,000,000        2,000,000        2,000,000 
    Motor vehicle theft prevention...........................         750,000        2,000,000        2,000,000 
    Senior citizens against marketing scams..................       2,500,000        2,000,000        2,000,000 
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, violent crime reduction trust  fund..........   2,382,400,000    2,369,400,000    2,124,650,000 
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, State and local law enforcement assistance......   2,891,400,000    2,369,400,000    2,676,650,000 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes national sex offender registry.                                                                    
\2\ Included under justice assistance.                                                                          

    Edward Byrne grants to States.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $552,000,000 for the Edward Byrne 
Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Program, of 
which $47,000,000 is for discretionary grants and $505,000,000 
for formula grants. Of the total grant funding recommended by 
the Committee, no funding is provided under the violent crime 
reduction trust fund as authorized under the Violent Crime 
Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322.
    Within the amount provided for these discretionary grants, 
the Committee expects the Bureau of Justice Assistance [BJA] to 
provide:
  --$4,500,000 for the Executive Office of U.S. Attorneys to 
        support the National District Attorneys Association's 
        participation in legal education training at the 
        National Advocacy Center, correcting an error in the 
        fiscal year 1999 request which assumed only 6 months of 
        training;
  --$3,500,000 for a Consolidated Advanced Technologies for the 
        Law Enforcement Program at the University of New 
        Hampshire and the New Hampshire Department of Safety;
  --$2,800,000 for the national motor vehicle title information 
        system, authorized by the Anti-Car Theft Improvement 
        Act;
  --$2,000,000 for continued support for the expansion of 
        Search Group, Inc., and the National Technical 
        Assistance and Training Program to assist States, such 
        as West Virginia, to accelerate the automation of 
        fingerprint identification processes;
  --$1,000,000 for the National Neighborhood Crime and Drug 
        Abuse Prevention Program;
  --$500,000 for continuation of the Santee-Lynches Regional 
        Council of Governments Local Law Enforcement Program;
  --$1,500,000 for Project Return in New Orleans, LA;
  --$1,500,000 to the New Hampshire Department of Safety to 
        Support Operation Streetsweeper;
  --$925,000 to allow the Utah State Olympic Public Safety 
        Command to continue to develop and support a public 
        safety master plan for the 2002 Winter Olympics;
  --$200,000 for the augmentation of the University of South 
        Carolina's law school library for support of the 
        National Advocacy Center;
  --$100,000 for Jasper County, TX, or alternate trial venue, 
        for necessary trial security expenses;
  --$300,000 for the National Association of Town Watch to 
        support the National Night Out Program; and
  --$1,000,000 for continuation of the National Judicial 
        College.
    Within the available resources the Committee urges BJA to 
consider funding for: the Tools for Tolerance Program in Los 
Angeles, CA; the Western Missouri Public Safety Training 
Institute; the Riverside County Public Safety Training Center; 
the Compton Community Youth Center; the National Training and 
Information Center; the Lincoln-Lancaster Mediation Center; the 
trauma reduction initiative at Nova Southeastern University and 
Cooper Hospital/University Medical Center; the National Fraud 
Information Center; the Spartanburg Stop the Violence Program; 
the Light of Life Ministries; the Southern Florida Medical 
Corrections Options Program; Straight and Narrow, Inc., for 
substance abuse treatment; support for Chicago's Family 
Violence Intervention Program; and continuation of the National 
Crime Prevention Council and the National Citizens Crime 
Prevention Campaign (McGruff). The Committee strongly believes 
that the National Crime Prevention Council, with its symbols 
McGruff and Scruff, can play a significant role in educating 
our Nation's children about safety on the Internet and urges 
that such education be incorporated into its campaign messages.
    The Committee is pleased with the Bureau of Justice 
Assistance's commitment to demonstrate and evaluate the 
outcomes of community-based alternatives to incarceration 
programs for the nonviolent drug offender. The Committee urges 
BJA to continue to support established programs in urban, low-
income settings such as Haymarket Center in Chicago, IL.
    The Committee understands that Drug Abuse Resistance 
Education [DARE America] Program officials are meeting with 
officials from the Office of Justice Programs to determine how 
to most effectively modify current course criteria and commends 
them for their efforts. Because these discussions are ongoing 
and changes cannot be integrated, the Committee recommends that 
funding be maintained at $1,750,000 for fiscal year 1999. The 
Committee urges DARE officials to incorporate increased 
emphasis on prevention of tobacco use into their new 
curriculum.

              violent crime reduction trust fund programs

    Local law enforcement block grant.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $500,000,000 to continue the local law 
enforcement block grant program which provides grants to 
localities to reduce crime and improve public safety. Of the 
amounts provided, $20,000,000 will be provided to NIJ to assist 
local units to identify, select, develop, modernize, and 
purchase new technologies for use by law enforcement. The 
recommendation for funding for the local law enforcement block 
grant continues the commitment to provide local governments 
with the resources and flexibility to address specific crime 
problems in their communities.
    The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for the Boys and Girls 
Clubs of America, which is $20,000,000 above the amount 
provided for this program in fiscal year 1998.
    The Committee has included language which permanently 
designates parish sheriffs as the recipient of block grant 
funds in Louisiana. The Committee is aware of the unique law 
enforcement system that exists in the State of Louisiana 
whereby the constitution of the State of Louisiana establishes 
independent and wholly autonomous parish sheriffs and names the 
sheriff as the chief law enforcement officer of the 
constitutionally established law enforcement districts. The 
Committee directs the Department of Justice to ensure that 
parish sheriffs establish an advisory board pursuant to section 
103 of H.R. 728 and shall consider recommendations made by this 
board to be binding.
    Juvenile accountability incentive block grant.--The 
Committee recommends $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 for a 
Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant Program to 
address the growing problem of juvenile crime by encouraging 
accountability-based reforms at the State and local level. The 
Department has established guidelines for the implementation of 
the juvenile accountability incentive block grant. Within the 
funding for the juvenile accountability incentive block grant, 
the Committee recommendation includes $2,000,000 for the San 
Bernardino County Detention Center; $2,000,000 for the Douglas 
County, OR, juvenile detention facility; $1,929,685 for the 
Missoula, MT, regional youth detention facility; $1,134,000 for 
a juvenile justice facility in Billings, MT; $400,000 for the 
Montrose, CO, juvenile facility to serve children in need of 
shelter; $360,000 for the Montana Juvenile Probation Officers 
Association; and $1,700,000 for a youth crisis center in North 
Dakota.
    The Committee recommendation does not include funding for 
youth violence courts, the Juvenile Prosecutor Program, the 
Juvenile Drug Prevention Program, the Community Prosecutors 
Program, and the Drug Intervention Treatment Program. Instead, 
the Committee recommends $100,000,000 for the juvenile 
accountability incentive block grant program.
    Indian Tribal Courts Program.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $10,000,000 to assist tribal governments in the 
development, enhancement, and continuing operation of tribal 
judicial systems by providing resources for the necessary tools 
to sustain safer and more peaceful communities. This new 
program will enable the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska to be 
eligible for a grant for a law enforcement center and the Sioux 
Nation Tribal Supreme Court to be eligible for a grant for 
research and development.
    Drug courts.--The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for drug 
courts. This amount is a 30-percent increase above the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation.
    Violence Against Women Act programs.--The Committee 
recommends $282,750,000 for grants to support the Violence 
Against Women Act. This amount represents an increase of 
$12,000,000 over the request and $12,000,000 over the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation. Grants provided under this 
recommendation are for the following programs:

                                       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT PROGRAMS                                      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     1998         1999 budget       Committee   
                           Programs                             appropriation       estimate      recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
General formula grants.......................................    $172,000,000     $200,750,000     $210,750,000 
Grants to encourage arrest policies..........................      59,000,000       30,000,000       30,000,000 
Rural domestic violence......................................      25,000,000       25,000,000       25,000,000 
Training programs............................................       2,000,000        5,000,000        5,000,000 
National stalker and domestic violence.......................       2,750,000   ...............  ...............
Victims of child abuse programs:                                                                                
    Court appointed special advocate [CASA]..................       7,000,000        7,000,000        9,000,000 
    Training for judicial personnel..........................       2,000,000        2,000,000        2,000,000 
    Grants for televised testimony...........................       1,000,000        1,000,000        1,000,000 
Federal victim's counselors \1\..............................     (21,375,600)      (9,375,600)      (9,375,600)
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, VAWA programs...................................     270,750,000      270,750,000      282,750,000 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Included under U.S. attorneys.                                                                              

    The fiscal year 1999 increase is recommended to continue 
expansion of units of law enforcement officers and prosecutors 
specifically focused on crimes against women. Funding will be 
used to develop and implement effective arrest and prosecution 
policies to prevent, identify, and respond to violent crimes 
against women, strengthen programs addressing stalking; and 
provide much needed victims' services. This includes 
specialized domestic violence court advocates who obtain 
protection orders. In addition, programs would be strengthened 
to encourage reporting of domestic violence by providing 
assurances that law enforcement and attorney support systems 
would be available. This funding is to be distributed to States 
to significantly enhance the availability of services, 
prosecutors, and law-enforcement officials to women and 
children who are subjected to domestic violence.
    Within the funding for encouraging arrest policies, the 
Committee urges the Office of Justice Programs to favorably 
consider funding to support programs aimed at improving safety 
in the workplace.
    Within the funding for court appointed special advocate 
[CASA], the Committee urges the Office of Justice Programs to 
favorably consider funding to enhance the Aberdeen, SD, CASA 
Program.
    In addition, the Committee recommendation includes funding 
for training of criminal justice practitioners and communities 
in dealing with convicted sex offenders released back into the 
community. These funds are also available for establishing 
demonstration projects highlighting proven training models and 
techniques.
    Violence on college campuses.--The Committee is concerned 
about violent crime against women on college campuses. Within 
the general formula grants, the Committee recommends 
$10,000,000 for a new discretionary grant program for 
institutions of higher learning to strengthen security and 
investigation efforts to combat violent crime against women on 
campuses. These institutions may enter into partnerships with 
local criminal justice organizations and victim services 
agencies to establish and administer a plan which may include 
increased personnel, training, technical assistance, data 
collection, and improved protocol development.
    Criminal history records upgrade.--The Committee recommends 
$45,000,000 for States to upgrade criminal history records so 
that these records can interface with other data bases holding 
information on other categories of individuals who are 
prohibited from purchasing firearms under Federal or State 
statute. Additionally, the national sexual offender registry 
[NSOR] component of the Criminal History Records Upgrade 
Program will have two principal objectives. The registry will 
assist States in developing complete and accurate in-State 
registries and to assist States in sharing their registry 
information with the FBI system which identifies those 
offenders for whom special law enforcement interest has been 
noted.
    State prison grants.--The recommendation provides 
$711,000,000 for the State Prison Grant Program, of which 
$150,000,000 is available to States for the incarceration of 
criminal aliens, $25,000,000 for the Cooperative Agreement 
Program, and $52,000,000 for Indian tribes. This program 
provides grants to States to build and expand temporary or 
permanent correctional facilities, boot camps, and jails to 
increase the capacity for confinement of violent criminals. The 
Committee recommendation includes a $2,000,000 grant for the 
construction of a new detention facility on the Fort Berthold 
Indian Reservation in North Dakota. The Committee urges the 
Office of Justice Programs to favorably consider construction 
of a correctional facility in Barrow, AK, if warranted.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.--The 
recommendation provides $350,000,000 for the State Criminal 
Alien Assistance Program [SCAAP] for the reimbursement to 
States for the costs of incarceration of criminal aliens. This 
amount is in addition to $150,000,000 included for this purpose 
under the State Prison Grants Program. Thus, the Committee 
recommends a total of $500,000,000 for reimbursement to States 
for alien incarceration, which is equal to the fiscal year 1999 
request and $85,000,000 below the amount provided in the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation.
    Last year, the Committee urged the Office of Justice 
Programs [OJP] to accelerate its schedule for release of these 
much needed funds. Once again, the Committee finds that fiscal 
year 1998 SCAAP funding will not be allocated until December 
1999. The Committee understands the need for this funding but 
cannot support the lengthy process which includes the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service.
    Substance abuse treatment for State prisoners.--The 
Committee recommends $63,000,000, for the Residential Substance 
Abuse Treatment Program for State Prisoners [RSAT]. This amount 
is equal to the amount provided in fiscal year 1998. The RSAT 
Program provides financial and technical assistance to assist 
State and local governments in developing and implementing 
residential treatment programs within State and local 
correctional and detention facilities in which inmates are 
incarcerated for a period of time sufficient to permit 
substance abuse treatment. Consistent with the authorizing 
statute, States must agree to require drug testing of 
individuals enrolled in the treatment program and give 
preference to projects that assist in the placement of program 
participants with community-based aftercare services, such as 
parole supervision, education and job training, and halfway 
houses. These aftercare programs cannot be funded with RSAT 
grant dollars. The Committee estimates that 22,000 inmates 
could be treated in 1999.
    DNA identification State grants.--The recommendation 
includes $15,000,000 for grants to States and units of local 
government to support programs and projects to develop or 
improve the capability to analyze DNA in a forensic laboratory. 
The amount provided is equal to the fiscal year 1999 request 
and $2,500,000 above the amount provided in the fiscal year 
1998 appropriation.
    Within the amount made available under this program, 
$5,000,000, and in conjunction with State grants, $15,000,000, 
and the expanded use of technology grants available through the 
local law enforcement block grant, $20,000,000, up to 
$40,000,000 is available to develop or improve forensic DNA 
testing capabilities in State and local forensic laboratories. 
This funding is provided to foster cooperation and mutual 
assistance among forensic DNA laboratories within States. Funds 
should be used for efforts between States that are seeking to 
match and exchange DNA identification records for law 
enforcement purposes using the FBI's combined DNA index system 
[CODIS]. The Committee directs the Department to provide a 
report on its efforts to create continuity of the capability 
between all 50 States. The report should be provided no later 
than February 1, 1999. Within available funds the Committee 
recommends that the Office of Justice Programs provide a 
$2,000,000 grant to Marshall University Forensic Science 
Program; $5,000,000 to the West Virginia University Forensic 
Identification Program; $3,000,000 to the South Carolina Law 
Enforcement Division's forensic laboratory; $2,500,000 for a 
forensic science partnership between the Oregon State Police 
and Western Oregon University; and $800,000 for the Southeast 
Missouri Crime Laboratory. Also, the Committee expects the OJP 
to examine a proposal for the National Center for Forensic 
Science at the University of Central Florida and provide a 
grant if warranted.
    Safe Return Program.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$900,000 to continue and expand training of law enforcement and 
other emergency response personnel to locate missing Alzheimer 
patients.
    Tuberculosis in prisons. The Committee recommendation 
includes $1,000,000 to address the increased incidence of 
tuberculosis in correctional facilities.
    Law enforcement family support programs.--The 
recommendation provides $2,000,000 for this program to assist 
Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies in 
developing and implementing policies and programs to reduce 
stress and provide appropriate support services for law 
enforcement officers and their families.
    Motor vehicle theft prevention.--The recommendation 
provides $2,000,000 for grants to combat motor vehicle theft 
through cooperative partnerships between car owners and State 
and local law enforcement. This amount is $1,250,000 above the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation and equal to the fiscal year 
1999 request.
    Senior citizens against marketing scams.--The 
recommendation provides $2,000,000 as requested for a program 
to assist law enforcement in preventing and stopping marketing 
scams against the elderly. The Committee requests that some 
program sessions be held at the National Advocacy Center.

                         Weed and Seed Program

    The Committee recommendation provides $40,000,000 for the 
Weed and Seed Program from direct appropriations. This amount 
is $6,500,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
equal to the fiscal year 1999 request. Within the amount 
provided for these grants, the Committee expects the Weed and 
Seed Office to examine a proposal to provide a grant, if 
warranted, to the Detroit Rescue Mission Ministries.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, making funds available 
for grants or agreements with State agencies or to reimburse 
Federal agencies in order to execute the weed and seed 
strategy, and also allows for the use of other Department of 
Justice funds to support the Weed and Seed Program.
    The Committee directs the General Accounting Office to 
review the Weed and Seed Program for its efficiency and 
effectiveness. This report should be provided no later than 
February 1, 1999.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services

                    Violent Crime Reduction Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $1,430,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,420,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,440,000,000

    The recommendation includes $1,440,000,000 for community 
oriented policing services [COPS] for fiscal year 1999. This 
amount is $10,000,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation 
and is $20,000,000 above the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The recommendation provides sufficient funding to meet the 
agreed upon target of 100,000 police officers by 2000. 
According to the most recent information available from the 
Department of Justice, a cumulative total of approximately 
76,201 officers have been funded. Of these, only an estimated 
total of 43,304 police officers and sheriff's deputies have 
been hired. The Committee remains concerned that the unusually 
high unobligated balances of this program may lead to an 
inability to reach the goal of 100,000 new officers by 2000.
    The Committee recommendation includes $1,000,000 for 
Jackson, MS. In addition, the Committee recommendation includes 
$650,000 for the Alaskan Village Public Safety Program for 
training and equipment.
    The Committee believes an increase in staff is warranted to 
reduce delays in processing COPS grants. The Committee 
continues bill language similar to the 1998 appropriation 
limiting the amount spent on program administration. However, 
the cap has been raised. The Committee has included a 
$34,023,000 limitation on management and administrative costs 
within this account to support 266 positions and 266 FTE's. 
Funding is for making grant awards, payment processing, and 
grant monitoring.
    Safe schools initiative [SSI].--The Committee 
recommendation includes $175,000,000 for the safe schools 
initiative. This initiative will provide funding to police 
departments and sheriff's offices in partnerships with schools 
and other community-based entities to develop programs to 
improve the safety of elementary and secondary school children 
and educators in and around schools. These innovative community 
policing partnerships should seek to identify the causes of 
school violence and develop new approaches to address the 
problem. Preference should be given to those applications 
submitted by agencies who have received, or have applied to 
receive, COPS grants for additional community policing officers 
to serve as school resource officers.
    Indian country.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$54,000,000 to improve law enforcement capabilities on Indian 
lands. The report of the interagency executive committee for 
law enforcement improvement documents a need for additional 
resources for improving the criminal justice system in Indian 
tribal jurisdictions. The COPS appropriation, under current 
statutory authorities, can provide grants and cooperative 
agreements to Indian tribes for additional uniformed officers. 
However, to allow these officers to perform their duties most 
effectively, the Committee has included language which allows 
COPS funds to be used for the purchase of equipment and 
training so that fully trained and equipped uniformed officers 
may be deployed in Indian tribal jurisdictions.
    Officer retention.--The Committee understands that fiscal 
year 1998 was the first year that officer hiring grants from 
the Office of Community Policing Services [COPS] began to 
expire. Grantee policing agencies are required to retain 
officers beyond the 3-year grant period. The COPS Office has 
informed the Committee it expects the vast majority of grantee 
agencies will retain the officers hired with COPS grants. The 
Committee has further been informed that a sampling by the COPS 
Office of more than 8,000 annual reports from grantees 
demonstrated that 90 percent planned to retain their officers. 
The Committee urges the COPS Office to continue to provide 
technical assistance and information to grantee agencies on 
retention strategies.
    COPS Program cessation.--The mission of the COPS Office has 
been to fund the addition of 100,000 community policing 
officers by the end of the year 2000. The Committee has 
provided funding for this initiative enabling the COPS Office 
to complete its mission. The Committee is aware that at the end 
of fiscal year 2000 the COPS Program is scheduled to end. The 
Committee directs the COPS Office to provide a report by 
December 31, 1998, detailing the plan for concluding its 
operations.
    Police Corps.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$40,000,000 to continue advanced police education and training 
in the Police Corps Program. This amount is $10,000,000 more 
than the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $20,000,000 more 
than the fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee urges the COPS 
Office to favorably consider grant applications from the State 
of Alaska.
    Nonhiring initiatives.--The Committee is aware that the 
COPS Program will carry forward $119,960,000 into fiscal year 
1999 after completion of its hiring grant process for 1998. The 
Committee wants to ensure that there is adequate infrastructure 
for the new police officers. The goal of the Committee is to 
allow police officers to work more efficiently, equipped with 
the tools and technology they need, and with the flexibility to 
design strategies to address specific crime problems. These 
problems include the emergence of methamphetamine in new areas 
and the challenge of combating domestic violence. The Committee 
believes that $119,960,000 of carryover funds from fiscal year 
1998 should be used to address these critical law enforcement 
requirements and directs the COPS Program to establish the 
following nonhiring grant programs:
  --COPS Technology Program.--The Committee recommendation 
        directs $65,960,000 of unobligated balances to be used 
        for continued development of technologies and automated 
        systems to assist State and local law enforcement 
        agencies in investigating, responding to, and 
        preventing crime. In particular, the conferees 
        recognize the importance of sharing criminal 
        information and intelligence between State and local 
        law enforcement to resolve multijurisdictional crimes.
      Within the amounts made available under this program, the 
        Committee expects the COPS office to award grants for 
        the following technology proposals:
    --$20,000,000 for the North Carolina criminal justice 
            information system to meet North Carolina's public 
            safety needs;
    --$9,500,000 to expand the Upgrade Criminal History Records 
            Program for crime information and identification 
            systems and for forensic laboratories;
    --$7,000,000 to the Missouri Office of the State Courts 
            Administrator for a juvenile justice information 
            system;
    --$7,000,000 to the New Hampshire Department of Safety for 
            the development of a pilot intergovernmental VHF 
            trunked digital radio system, including $2,000,000 
            for phase 1 of development of an interoperable law 
            enforcement communications system;
    --$5,000,000 to the Utah Communications Agency Network 
            [UCAN] for enhancements and upgrades of security 
            and communications infrastructure to assist with 
            the law enforcement needs arising from the 2002 
            Winter Olympics;
    --$3,000,000 for the Compton, CA, Police Department for 
            computer upgrades and enhancements;
    --$3,000,000 for the I-85 police technology initiative in 
            Anderson, Greenville, and Spartanburg Counties, SC, 
            for computer enhancements and policing equipment 
            upgrades;
    --$2,400,000 for Anchorage, AK, mobile data terminals;
    --$2,500,000 to Allegheny County, PA, for a law enforcement 
            technology initiative;
    --$1,500,000 for the Alaska juvenile offender management 
            system;
    --$1,500,000 for law enforcement information system 
            infrastructure in New York State;
    --$1,100,000 for the Jackson, MS, public safety automated 
            systems and technologies;
    --$935,000 for the Missoula County, MT, mobile data 
            terminals;
    --$500,000 for the New Mexico rural emergency 911 project;
    --$400,000 to Fairbanks, AK, for law enforcement computer, 
            radio, and technology enhancements;
    --$225,000 for the Lake County, CA, Sheriff Department's 
            computer systems upgrade project;
    --$200,000 for the Alhambra, CA, Police and Fire 
            Department's computer system upgrade project;
    --$100,000 for the Marshall County, SD, 911 emergency 
            response system; and
    --$100,000 for the Moody County, SD, 911 emergency response 
            system.
  --Police Recruitment Program.--The Committee recommendation 
        directs $1,000,000 of unobligated balances in the COPS 
        Program to be used for police recruitment programs 
        authorized under subtitle H of title III of the Violent 
        Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
  --Community Policing to Combat Domestic Violence Program.--
        The Committee directs $12,500,000 of unobligated 
        balances in the COPS Program to be used for the 
        Community Policing to Combat Domestic Violence Program 
        established pursuant to section 1701(d) of part Q of 
        the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, 
        as amended.
  --COPS Methamphetamine Program.--The Committee directs 
        $15,500,000 of unobligated balances in the COPS Program 
        to be used for State and local law enforcement programs 
        to combat methamphetamine production, distribution, and 
        use, and to reimburse the Drug Enforcement 
        Administration for assistance to State and local law 
        enforcement for proper removal and disposal of 
        hazardous materials at clandestine methamphetamine 
        labs. The Committee is aware that the production, 
        trafficking, and usage of methamphetamine, an extremely 
        destructive and addictive synthetic drug, is a growing 
        national problem, particularly in the Southwest and the 
        Midwest. Within the amount provided for this program, 
        the Committee expects the COPS office to award grants 
        for the following programs:
    --$1,000,000 to northern Utah law enforcement agencies to 
            be used to purchase remote methamphetamine 
            detection laboratories to be used to identify 
            infrastructure decay caused by the disposal of 
            hazardous and toxic chemicals from such 
            laboratories;
    --$1,000,000 to Arizona to support additional law 
            enforcement officers, equipment, and training by 
            Drug Enforcement Administration officials to State 
            and local law enforcement about the proper 
            collection, removal, and destruction of 
            methamphetamine, precursor chemicals, laboratory 
            equipment, and related materials using certified 
            hazardous waste management methods;
    --$6,000,000 for the Midwest and $1,000,000 for Colorado 
            and other Rocky Mountain areas for methamphetamine 
            initiatives to provide training by Drug Enforcement 
            Administration officials to State and local law 
            enforcement about the proper recognition, 
            collection, removal, and destruction of 
            methamphetamine, precursor chemicals, laboratory 
            equipment, and related materials using certified 
            hazardous waste management methods; and
    --$6,000,000 for support by the Drug Enforcement 
            Administration to State and local law enforcement 
            for the cleanup and disposal of clandestine 
            methamphetamine laboratories.
  --Bulletproof Vest Grant Program.--The Committee 
        recommendation includes $25,000,000 of unobligated 
        balances in the COPS Program for a new program within 
        the Bureau of Justice Assistance [BJA] for formula 
        grants to States and local governments or Indian tribes 
        to be used for the purchase of armored vests for law 
        enforcement officers in the jurisdiction of the 
        grantee. The Committee recognizes that by the nature of 
        their jobs, law enforcement officers are at daily risk 
        of disability or death. Body armor has been proven 
        invaluable in reducing this risk. Because funds 
        available for this program are limited, the Committee 
        strongly recommends that the BJA implement all of the 
        preferential considerations listed in section 2501 of 
        the Matching Grant Program for Law Enforcement Armor 
        Vests when evaluating applications. These 
        considerations include a needs test, the local violent 
        crime rate, and whether or not the jurisdictions has, 
        or will institute, a mandatory vest policy.

                       Juvenile Justice Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $238,672,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     277,950,000
Committee recommendation................................     284,597,000

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$284,597,000 for juvenile justice programs for fiscal year 
1999. This funding level is $45,925,000 more than the 1998 
appropriation and is $6,647,000 more than the request.
    Juvenile justice and delinquency prevention.--The Committee 
recognizes that changes to juvenile justice and delinquency 
prevention [JJDP] programs are being considered in the 
authorization process. As such, the Committee recommendation 
includes language that makes this program subject to the 
provisions of any authorizing legislation that is enacted and 
that any provisions in this act that are inconsistent with that 
legislation shall no longer have effect.
    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$284,597,000 for fiscal year 1999 for administrative expenses 
and grants to States and localities for projects in the areas 
of education, research, prevention, and rehabilitation as 
follows:
  --$6,847,000 for the Office of Juvenile Justice and 
        Delinquency Prevention [OJJDP] (part A);
  --$96,000,000 for formula grants for assistance to State and 
        local programs (part B);
  --$45,750,000 for discretionary grants for national programs 
        and special emphasis programs (part C). Within the 
        amount provided for part C discretionary grants, the 
        Committee directs OJJDP to provide the following:
    --$3,000,000 for Parents Anonymous, Inc., to begin 
            developing an immediate response system via a 
            national child abuse prevention telephone network 
            and to develop a new online data base system and a 
            national media campaign;
    --$3,500,000 to continue and expand the National Council of 
            Juvenile and Family Courts which provides 
            continuing legal education in family and juvenile 
            law;
    --$2,500,000 for the Hamilton Fish National Institute on 
            School and Community Violence;
    --$1,900,000 for continued support for law-related 
            education. The Committee recognizes the value of 
            law related education and the youth for justice 
            [YFJ] project, and recommends its continuance with 
            a particular emphasis on in-classroom, hands-on 
            assistance utilizing the legal community's 
            involvement by lawyers and law students as 
            coordinated by the YFJ consortium.
    --$1,500,000 for continuation of the Center for Research on 
            Crimes Against Children which focuses on improving 
            the handling of child crime victims by the justice 
            system;
    --$1,250,000 for the Teens, Crime, and the Community 
            Program;
    --$650,000 to develop local juvenile justice programs in 
            rural Alaska;
    --$383,000 to the National Association of State Fire 
            Marshals for implementing a national juvenile fire 
            setter intervention mobilization plan that will 
            facilitate and promote the establishment of 
            juvenile fire setter intervention programs based on 
            existing model programs at the State and local 
            level;
    --$250,000 for the Shelby County, TN, Juvenile Offender 
            Transition Program; and
    --$100,000 for the secure school pilot project.
    The Committee recognizes the accomplishments of the Center 
for Study and Prevention of Juvenile Crime and Delinquency of 
Prairie View A&M; University and urges the Department of Justice 
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency programs to continue 
support of the center in an amount no less than what was 
provided by the Department in fiscal year 1998.
    In addition, the Committee directs OJJDP to examine each of 
the following proposals, to provide grants if warranted, and to 
report to the Committee on its intentions for each proposal: a 
grant to Youth Advocates Program, Inc.; a grant to the Camden 
Aquarium urban science enrichment [CAUSE]; a grant for the 
juvenile antiviolence demonstration project; a grant for a 
pilot program to promote replication of recent successful 
juvenile crime reduction strategies; a grant to the Violence 
Institute of New Jersey; a grant to the School Security 
Technology Center; a grant to the New Mexico Cooperative 
Extension Service 4-H Youth Development Program; a grant to 
demonstrate and evaluate the effectiveness of the Adolescent 
Residential Treatment Program to address juvenile crime, 
especially with unique populations such as youth addicted to 
methamphetamine; a grant to the Coalition for a Drug Free 
Lanai; a grant to the youth courts in Alaska; a grant to the 
Consortium on Children, Families, and the Law; a grant to the 
Chicago public schools for innovative substance abuse programs; 
a grant to the Women of Vision Program for youthful female 
offenders; a grant to the Kids With a Promise Program; a grant 
to the Sioux Falls, SD, School District; a grant to the South 
Dakota Unified Judicial System; a grant to the Minnehaha, SD, 
County Sheriff's Office to implement a juvenile crime prevent 
program; a grant to the Nebraska Commission on Law Enforcement 
and Criminal Justice to create a model juvenile justice 
pretrial diversion program; a grant to the Essex Teen Center 
and other Vermont Coalition for Teen Center's members; a grant 
to safe places for kids; a grant at the fiscal year 1998 
funding level to the Low Country Children's Center; and a grant 
for the Comprehensive Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention 
Initiative and Juvenile Assessment Center in Gainesville, FL.
    The Committee urges the Department to provide resources to 
establish a multistate youth violence prevention network.
  --$12,000,000 to expand the Youth Gangs (part D) Program 
        which provides grants to public and private nonprofit 
        organizations to prevent and reduce the participation 
        of at-risk youth in the activities of gangs that commit 
        crimes. Within the amount provided for part D Youth 
        Gang grants, the Committee directs OJJDP to provide 
        $100,000 to the Metro Denver Gang Coalition to complete 
        a program for service providers and community members 
        to share information, support program efforts, and 
        create positive changes in youth, families, and 
        communities. The Committee also recommends a grant to 
        enhance and expand Operation Clean Break, and grants to 
        Fairbanks, AK, and to the Sisseton, SD, gang task force 
        to prevent and reduce gang-related crimes.
  --$10,000,000 for discretionary grants for State challenge 
        activities (part E). This program authorizes the OJJDP 
        Administrator to award grants which could increase the 
        amount of a State's formula grant by up to 10 percent, 
        if that State agrees to undertake some or all of the 10 
        challenge activities included in this program. These 
        challenge activities are designed to improve various 
        aspects of a State's juvenile justice and delinquency 
        prevention program.
  --$12,000,000 for the Juvenile Mentoring Program [JUMP] (part 
        G). This program seeks to reduce juvenile delinquency, 
        improve academic performance, and reduce the dropout 
        rate among at-risk youth through the use of mentors. 
        This program has proven successful in reaching at-risk 
        youth and has significant support at the local level. 
        The Committee recommends funding be continued at the 
        fiscal year 1998 level. The program brings together 
        young people in high crime areas with law enforcement 
        officers and other responsible adults who are willing 
        to serve as long-term mentors. Within the amount 
        provided, the Committee directs OJJDP to provide 
        increased funding above the fiscal year 1998 amount for 
        Big Brothers/Big Sisters programs.
  --$95,000,000 for incentive grants for local delinquency 
        prevention programs (title V), to units of general 
        local government for delinquency prevention programs 
        and other activities for at-risk youth. Within this 
        amount, the Committee recommends $25,000,000 to assist 
        States in enforcing underage drinking laws and 
        $25,000,000 for the safe schools initiative [SSI]. The 
        Committee directs OJJDP to provide a $300,000 grant to 
        the Vermont Department of Public Service for breath 
        alcohol testing mobiles.
    Safe schools initiative [SSI].--The Committee recognizes 
that school violence by minors is a prevalent problem as 
evidenced by recent tragic events that have occurred around the 
Nation. The Committee recommendation includes $25,000,000 for 
communities to implement approaches unique to their particular 
problems. This effort may include training and services such 
as: accountability and responsibility training; violence 
reduction training, including dispute resolution; juvenile 
mentoring; training for teachers and families to recognize 
troubled children; and parent accountability and family 
strengthening education.
    Under title V of juvenile justice programs, the At Risk 
Children's Program provides funding to support comprehensive 
delinquency prevention plans formulated at the community level. 
The program targets truancy and school violence; gangs, guns, 
and drugs; and other influences that lead juveniles down 
pathways to delinquency and criminality. This program focuses 
on locally implemented programs that target high-risk and minor 
offending juveniles for aggressive early intervention. This 
program, in combination with current investments in graduated 
sanctions for juveniles already in the juvenile justice system, 
provides communities with resources to build a continuum of 
care throughout the childhood years. The use of programs and 
strategies under the At Risk Children's Program will help keep 
young people out of trouble and help get them back on the right 
track if they have broken the law.
    The significant increase in funding for the At Risk 
Children's Program is provided in an attempt to balance 
prevention with the accountability and justice systems 
improvement programs of the Juvenile Accountability Incentive 
Block Grant Program.
    The escalating rates of juvenile crime and delinquency in 
tribal jurisdictions are of serious concern to the Committee. 
The Committee recommendation provides that $20,000,000 of the 
At Risk Children's Program be available for programs to reduce, 
control, and prevent crime both by and against tribal youth; 
for interventions for court-involved tribal youth; for 
improvement to tribal juvenile justice systems; and for 
prevention programs focusing on alcohol and drugs.
    The At Risk Children's Program will provide funding on a 
formula basis to States, to be distributed by the States for 
use by local units of government and locally based public and 
private agencies and organizations. These funds will support 
communities' involvement in the identification of local 
problems and needs, and the development and implementation of 
local solutions to serious and violent juvenile crime.
    Juvenile justice research, evaluation, training, and 
technical assistance.--The Committee recognizes that high 
quality research, evaluation, and statistical analysis are 
critical to understanding and addressing the causes of youth 
crime, understanding the scope of delinquency and its impact on 
the juvenile justice system, and identifying effective 
approaches to delinquency control that can be replicated at the 
State and local levels. As reported in the recently published 
University of Maryland report, ``Preventing Crime, What Works, 
What Doesn't, What's Promising,'' which was commissioned by 
Congress and funded by OJP, there is inadequate scientific 
evidence of what programs work in preventing of crime. The 
Committee recommendation allows the Office of Juvenile Justice 
and Delinquency Prevention Programs [OJJDP] to set aside 2 
percent for training and technical assistance and 10 percent 
for research, evaluation, and statistics activities.
    Victims of Child Abuse Act.--The Committee recommends 
$7,000,000 for the various programs authorized under the 
Victims of Child Abuse Act [VOCA]. Funds, provided to establish 
regional and local children's advocacy centers, may not be used 
to provide legal aid. In addition, funding of $9,000,000 is 
provided for victims of child abuse programs included under the 
Violence Against Women Program funded under State and local 
assistance, violent crime reduction programs. The total amounts 
recommended for the Victims of Child Abuse Act equal the 
amounts provided in the current fiscal year and the full amount 
requested in the budget. The following programs are included in 
the recommendation:
  --$7,000,000 to improve investigations and prosecutions 
        (subtitle A) as follows:
    --$1,000,000 to establish regional children's advocacy 
            centers, as authorized by section 213 of VOCA;
    --$4,000,000 to establish local children's advocacy 
            centers, as authorized by section 214 of VOCA;
    --$1,500,000 for a continuation grant to the National 
            Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse for 
            specialized technical assistance and training 
            programs to improve the prosecution of child abuse 
            cases, as authorized by section 214a of VOCA; and
    --$500,000 for a continuation grant to the National Network 
            of Child Advocacy Centers for technical assistance 
            and training, as authorized by section 214a of 
            VOCA.

                    Public Safety Officers Benefits

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $33,003,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      32,059,000
Committee recommendation................................      31,809,000

    The Committee recommends $31,809,000 in direct 
appropriations and $4,250,000 in carryover for total budgetary 
resources of $36,059,000 for fiscal year 1999. The 
recommendation includes sufficient funding for death benefits 
under the Public Safety Officers Benefits Program and will 
fully fund anticipated payments in fiscal year 1999. This 
program provides a lump-sum death benefit payment to eligible 
survivors of Federal, State, and local public safety officers 
whose death was the direct and proximate result of a traumatic 
injury sustained in the line of duty. In addition, the 
recommendation assumes $3,200,000 in end-of-year carryover 
balances for lump-sum payments to public safety officers who 
are permanently disabled in the line of duty, and $1,050,000 in 
end-of-year carryover balances to pay for higher education to 
dependants of Federal, State, and local public safety officers 
who are killed or permanently disabled in the line of duty.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
included in previous appropriations acts unless otherwise 
noted:
    Section 101 makes up to $45,000 of the funds appropriated 
to the Department of Justice available for reception and 
representation expenses.
    Section 102 prohibits the use of funds to perform abortions 
in the Federal Prison System.
    Section 103 prohibits the use of the funds provided in this 
bill to require any person to perform, or facilitate, the 
performance of an abortion.
    Section 104 states that nothing in the previous section 
removes the obligation of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
to provide escort services to female inmates who seek to obtain 
abortions outside a Federal facility.
    Section 105 allows the Department of Justice to spend up to 
$10,000,000 for rewards for information regarding acts of 
terrorism against U.S. citizens or property at levels not to 
exceed $2,000,000 per reward.
    Section 106 allows the Department of Justice, subject to 
the Committee's reprogramming procedures, to transfer up to 5 
percent between any appropriation, but limits to 10 percent the 
amount that can be transferred into any one appropriation.
    Section 107 is a new provision that merges two Immigration 
and Naturalization Service fee accounts: legalization and 
exams.
    Section 108 is a new provision that redefines the interest 
earned on U.S. trustee system fund investments as an offsetting 
collection.
    Section 109 is a new provision that authorizes the 
Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs 
to have final authority over all grants, cooperative 
agreements, and contracts for OJP and its component 
organizations.
    The Committee notes the dramatic growth of the Office of 
Justice Programs since 1995, tripling from $1,100,000,000 to 
$3,300,000,000 in 1998 and greatly increasing the complexity 
and scope of OJP's programs. The Committee is aware of 
instances of duplication and overlap among OJP's programs that 
are rooted in the agency's structure and magnified by its 
growth. In the interests of insuring good stewardship of 
taxpayer dollars, this issue must be addressed through a 
management structure allowing for greater centralization of 
accountability and responsibility for obligation of all OJP 
funds.
    The Committee's experience with the existing OJP structure 
of five independent bureaus is that it cannot be as responsive 
to State and local needs as required to ensure that 
appropriated funds are used in a planned, comprehensive, and 
well-coordinated way. Therefore, the Committee directs the 
Assistant Attorney General for Office of Justice Programs and 
the Department to develop the elements of a new OJP structure 
with consolidated authorities. The proposal shall be provided 
to the Appropriations Committees no later than February 1, 
1999.
    In the interim, the Committee directs that, through fiscal 
year 1999, the Assistant Attorney General of OJP shall have 
final authority to make all OJP grants and enter into 
cooperative agreements and contracts except those awarded under 
the provisions of sections 201, 202, 301, and 302 of the 
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act and sections 
204(b)(3), 241(e)(1), 243(a)(1), 243(a)(14), and 287A(3) of the 
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act.
    The reason for these exceptions is that the Committee has 
been advised that in the areas of statistical surveys and the 
resulting publications, independence is desirable to help 
ensure the scientific integrity of these functions. This 
applies to the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Office of 
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, as well as 
research and evaluation of the National Institute of Justice 
and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 
The Committee notes that this provision shall have no impact on 
grants made under the Community Oriented Policing Services 
Program [COPS].
    Section 110 is a new provision that reinstates the 245(i) 
program.
    Section 111 is a new provision which clarifies the term 
``tribal'' for the purpose of making grant awards under 
programs funded in title I of this act. The term ``tribal'' 
shall mean, of or relating to an Indian tribe, as defined in 25 
U.S.C. 479a, as any Indian or Alaska Native tribe, band, 
nation, pueblo, village, or community that the Secretary of the 
Interior acknowledges to exist as an Indian tribe.
    Section 112 is a new provision that expands the exemption 
of cruise ship passengers from inspection fees.
    Section 113 is a new provision that clarifies the authority 
of the Federal Prison System to provide telephone services 
through the commissary trust fund and pay operating costs from 
the fund.
    Section 114 is a new provision which authorizes the 
Attorney General to make obligations from any funds 
appropriated for or reimbursed to the counterterrorism 
programs, projects, or activities of the Department of Justice 
on an emergency basis without regard to applicable Federal 
acquisition rules and regulations where there is an exigent 
need for equipment, related items, and services in support of 
an ongoing counterterrorism, national security, or computer 
crime investigation or prosecution and usual Government 
procurement processes would delay the obtaining of such 
equipment, related items, and services. In testimony before the 
Committee, the Attorney General articulated the need for 
accelerating normal procurement procedures to quickly identify 
and deploy existing and new technologies and equipment to 
thwart terrorist threats and respond to terrorist acts. The 
Committee recognizes that the Department of Justice must be 
able to rapidly secure existing and new technology to 
effectively respond to sophisticated cyber, terrorist, and 
national security threats and acts. It is the intent of the 
Committee that this authority be exercised only to address 
exigent case-related circumstances and not be used to bypass 
for convenience purposes Federal procurement processes. To 
ensure oversight of this new authority, section 114 requires 
the Attorney General to immediately notify the Committees on 
Appropriation of each expenditure under this authority and 
provide sufficient information to explain the exigent 
circumstances necessitating the use of this emergency 
authority.
    Section 115 is a new provision which amends the Violent 
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 by providing 
additional flexibility to the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
[FBI] in using funds appropriated under section 21050(b)(1). 
That section authorizes appropriations for only training. This 
provision would allow the FBI to use funding appropriated under 
section 21050(b)(1) for other types of operational support to 
investigations in Indian country, such as investigative 
equipment and supplies for safe trails task forces, operational 
case funds, and forensic services by State crime laboratories, 
in addition to training of Bureau of Indian Affairs 
investigators and Indian tribal police officers.
    Section 116 is a new provision that repeals automated entry 
and exit control requirements and extends the schedule for 
border crossing card implementation.
    Section 117 is a new provision which requires the 
submission of the specific dollar amounts budgeted for 
counterterrorism within the Analytical Perspectives Volume 
beginning with the fiscal year 2000 budget request.
    Section 118 is a new provision which requires that a 
knowing standard for drug diversion be applied before excessive 
fines could be levied against providers for unintentional 
paperwork errors.
    Section 119 is a new provision which gives judges more 
discretion by not requiring the imposition of fines for minor 
recordkeeping errors.
    Section 120 is a new provision. The Committee directs the 
General Accounting Office to monitor and report to the 
Committees on Judiciary and Appropriations about the compliance 
of the Department of Justice and all U.S. attorneys with the 
``Guidance on the Use of the False Claims Act in Civil Health 
Care Matters'' issued by the Department of Justice on June 3, 
1998, including any revisions to that guidance. These reports 
shall be submitted to Congress no later than February 1, 1999, 
and August 2, 1999. The reports shall be prepared in a manner 
that does not impede the ongoing investigations of the 
Department of Justice and its preparation shall be consistent 
with longstanding DOJ and GAO protocols.
    The Committee also recommends that the Department of 
Justice, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of 
Inspector General, and the Health Care Financing Administration 
communicate and consult with the health-care-provider community 
on accurate billing practices, national initiatives, and 
present and future guidelines.

         TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,893,394,000 for the 
U.S. Trade Representative, the International Trade Commission, 
and the Department of Commerce for fiscal year 1999. This 
amount is $2,899,399,000 below the total request. The fiscal 
year 1999 request contained advance appropriations for systems 
acquisitions which the Committee does not recommend. Also, the 
recommendation is $577,989,000 above the total amount 
appropriated for these programs for fiscal year 1998.

                  Trade and Infrastructure Development

    The Committee has included under this section of title II, 
the U.S. Office of the Trade Representative, the International 
Trade Commission, and the Department of Commerce agencies 
responsible for trade promotion and enforcement and economic 
infrastructure development.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                Office of the U.S. Trade Representative

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $23,450,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      24,836,000
Committee recommendation................................      24,836,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $24,836,000 
for the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative [USTR] for 
fiscal year 1999, which is the requested level. This amount is 
$1,386,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation.
    With the implementation of several major trade treaties, 
including the North American Free Trade Agreement [NAFTA] and 
the Uruguay Round Agreement [URA], the enforcement 
responsibilities of the USTR have expanded dramatically.
    The fiscal year 1998 appropriation for USTR contained 
funding which permitted the agency to add enforcement personnel 
to meet these increased requirements. Also, the Committee 
approved a reprogramming in January 1998 which created a new 
position, an Assistant U.S. Trade Representative for Africa.
    On April 17, 1998, the USTR informed the Committee they did 
not expect to use all of the funds appropriated for the new 
enforcement positions in fiscal year 1998 since their 
recruitment for qualified applicants for some positions has 
taken longer than anticipated. The USTR requested reprogramming 
$1,358,000 of the fiscal year 1998 appropriation of which 
$504,000 would be used to fund year 2000 compliance and 
improved information technology systems. The Committee approved 
this reprogramming request and expects USTR to use its fiscal 
year 1999 appropriation to fully fund the 14 new positions 
created in the fiscal year 1998 bill. The recommendation also 
permits the agency to complete its year 2000 compliance with an 
additional $504,000 in fiscal year 1999.

                     International Trade Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $41,200,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      45,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      45,500,000

    The International Trade Commission [ITC] is an independent, 
quasi-judicial agency responsible for conducting trade-related 
investigations, providing Congress and the President with 
independent technical advice relating to U.S. international 
trade policy, and performing other statutory responsibilities 
such as quasi-judicial determinations on trade matters filed 
with the Commission.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $45,500,000 
for the International Trade Commission for fiscal year 1999. 
The Committee's recommendation is equal to the fiscal year 1999 
request and is $4,300,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation.
    The ITC is required by the Uruguay Round Agreements Act to 
conduct a review of all outstanding antidumping and 
countervailing duty orders and to determine whether United 
States industries would be injured if these orders were to be 
revoked. Beginning in fiscal year 1998, the ITC started 
reviewing 324 existing orders under this so-called sunset 
review, and is required, by statute, to complete its work early 
in calendar year 2001. These sunset reviews will double the 
workload of the ITC during fiscal years 1999 through 2001.
    The Committee is recommending the agency's full request for 
fiscal year 1999 to enable the agency to hire the necessary 
staff to accomplish this task. The agency's new caseload is 
increasing after 2 years of a relatively low number of filings. 
If the new caseload continues to increase, the ITC may find its 
resources strained, given the enormous task ahead of it with 
the sunset review.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

                   International Trade Administration

                     Operations And Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $283,066,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     286,452,000
Committee recommendation................................     304,167,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $304,167,000 
for the programs of the Commerce Department's International 
Trade Administration [ITA]. The amount provided is $17,715,000 
above the request.
    The Administration's budget request included an increase of 
fee collection authority for trade information and promotion 
services at a level of $6,000,000. This estimate for fiscal 
year 1999 is overly optimistic. A major accounting firm did a 
review of the Administration's proposal and reported that it 
would be difficult, given the structure of current promotion 
service programs, to expect a total of $6,000,000 in fiscal 
year 1999. The Committee is recommending a level of $1,600,000 
of increased fees during fiscal year 1999. The Committee 
expects ITA to continue working on efforts to structure its 
programs to enable the agency to increase fees for its services 
in subsequent years. In order to reach an offset of $6,000,000 
in the fiscal year 1999 budget, the Committee recommends taking 
$4,400,000 from the agency's foreign national's severance pay 
account during fiscal year 1999. This $4,400,000 is shown in 
the table accompanying this account in the fees line item.
    During the past 3 fiscal years, ITA has had an average 
carryover of $12,000,000. The Committee estimates ITA will 
carry over $29,000,000 from fiscal year 1998. Of this figure, 
$21,000,000 is to be transfered from the Agency for 
International Development [AID]. The Committee directs the 
Department to use the remaining $8,000,000 in resources to fund 
ITA activities in fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee directs ITA to use its account established 
for foreign currency exchange rates. The Committee expects ITA 
to place in this account any savings in exchange rates for the 
agency's use when rates are not as favorable. The Committee 
expects the Department to report on the status of this account 
in subsequent budget submissions.
    The recommended funding levels are reflected in the 
following table:

                                                   ITA FUNDING                                                  
                                            [In thousands of dollars]                                           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Committee   
                                                                 1998 enacted    Budget request   recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Trade development.............................................          58,986          48,325           69,826 
Market access and compliance..................................          17,340          20,379           20,379 
Import Administration.........................................          28,770          31,047           31,047 
U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service...........................         171,070         174,786          177,000 
Administration/executive direction............................          11,505          11,915           11,915 
Fees/pay reforms..............................................  ..............          (6,000)          (6,000)
Carryover.....................................................  ..............  ...............          (8,000)
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      ITA total appropriation.................................         283,066  ...............         304,167 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The funding level recommended by the Committee permits the 
continuation of current programs within all agencies of the 
International Trade Administration. The International Trade 
Administration has responsibility under the Uruguay Round 
Agreements Act to review all existing orders to determine if 
they can be eliminated without harm to U.S. corporations.
    Commodity-based international organizations.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $1,501,000 for U.S. membership in nine 
commodity-based international organizations: the International 
Copper Study Group, the International Cotton Advisory 
Committee, the International Lead and Zinc Study Group, the 
International Natural Rubber Organization, the International 
Office of the Vine and Wine, the International Rubber Study 
Group, the International Seed Testing Association, the 
International Tropical Timber Organization, and the 
International Grains Council. Previously, membership dues were 
paid out of the ``Contributions to international 
organizations'' account in title IV. The recommendation 
reflects exchange rate savings.
    During fiscal year 1998, funding was provided for the 
Access Mexico project to provide assistance to U.S. firms 
seeking technically accurate information about Mexican 
environmental laws and regulations. Great progress is being 
made in this effort. In order to continue this effort and to 
provide affordable electronic access to this information, the 
Committee recommends funding of $255,000.
    The recommendation assumes funding the National Textile 
Center at a level of $14,000,000. The recommendation also funds 
the Textile/Clothing Technology Center at $3,500,000.
    The Committee recommends funding the Western Hemisphere 
Educational and Research Consortium, which consists of five 
universities, within the U.S. Foreign and Commercial Service 
[USF&CS;] at a level of $3,000,000. The consortium, in 
conjunction with the USF&CS;, will organize and conduct programs 
that will advance the strategic and political interests of the 
United States in the Western Hemisphere.
    The Committee is concerned that no remedy exists for 
domestic producers under our antidumping laws in cases where 
foreign producers sell through related-party importers in the 
United States to avoid payment of existing duty orders on their 
products. The Committee directs the Department of Commerce to 
provide a report to the Committee describing planned actions to 
correct this problem. The report should be provided no later 
than February 1, 1999.

                         Export Administration

                     Operations And Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $43,900,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      52,233,000
Committee recommendation................................      45,671,000

    The Committee recommends a fiscal year 1999 appropriation 
of $45,671,000 for the Bureau of Export Administration [BXA], 
which is a $1,771,000 increase over the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation.
    BXA is the principal agency involved in the development, 
implementation, and enforcement of export controls for dual-use 
technologies and weapons of mass destruction. The Export 
Enforcement Division [EE] detects, prevents, investigates, and 
assists in the sanctioning of illegal dual-use exports.
    Counterterrorism activities.--The Committee recommends 
$20,996,000 to support BXA's enforcement responsibilities under 
the Chemical Weapons Convention Treaty, which was ratified in 
1997 by the Senate.
    In fiscal year 1998, the Committee provided an 
appropriation of $1,900,000 for the agency's implementation of 
this measure. These funds have not been expended, and the 
Committee recommendation assumes these funds will be used to 
support the program in fiscal year 1999. The Committee is aware 
that an additional $750,000 will be carried over into fiscal 
year 1999, and the Committee assumes these funds will also be 
used to support BXA's enforcement responsibilities.
    The fiscal year 1999 recommendation for the Export 
Enforcement Division is $21,495,000, which will permit the 
agency to implement three important counterterrorism 
initiatives, including additional resources for: encryption 
control enforcement responsibilities, which were transferred 
from the Department of State to BXA in 1997; fully staffing 
field offices, including overseas enforcement support for 
control of potential dual-use items; and enhanced preventative 
enforcement to stop illegal shipments from reaching their final 
destination.

                  Economic Development Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................\1\ $361,028,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     397,969,000
Committee recommendation................................     303,240,000

\1\ Excludes amounts for emergency appropriations.

    The Economic Development Administration [EDA] provides 
grants to local governments and nonprofit agencies for public 
works, planning, and other projects designed to facilitate 
economic development.
    The Committee recommends funding of $303,240,000 for the 
programs and administrative expenses of the Economic 
Development Administration for fiscal year 1999. This is 
$94,729,000 below the request and is $57,788,000 below the 
fiscal year 1998 level excluding emergency appropriations. The 
Committee expects EDA to use an estimated $3,225,000 in funds 
carried over from fiscal year 1998 to support its programs in 
fiscal year 1999. Funding amounts for the two appropriations 
accounts under this heading are displayed below.

                Economic Development Assistance Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $340,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     368,379,000
Committee recommendation................................     280,775,000

    The Committee recommendation provides total funding of 
$280,775,000 for economic development assistance programs 
[EDAP] in fiscal year 1999. This amount is $59,225,000 below 
the fiscal year 1998 level and is $87,604,000 below the budget 
request.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding of 
$74,800,000 for defense economic adjustment. In addition, the 
Committee recommendation provides $100,821,000 for public works 
grants (title I), $24,000,000 for planning assistance, 
$10,500,000 for trade adjustment assistance, and $70,654,000 
for economic adjustment grants (title IX). Language is included 
in the bill to allow the Secretary of Commerce to provide 
financial assistance to projects located on military bases that 
are closed or scheduled for closure. Assistance may be provided 
prior to the grantee having taken title for the property in 
question. Identical language has been carried in the bill for 
the past 5 years. The Secretary is directed to provide a report 
to the Committee by September 30, 1998, about any anticipated 
assistance to such facilities during fiscal year 1999. The 
Committee is aware of several proposals for economic 
development or adjustment assistance and strongly urges EDA to 
consider applications for the following proposals within 
applicable procedures and guidelines and provide a grant if 
warranted: (1) a project undertaken by the University of 
Colorado Health Sciences Center as part of the conversion and 
redevelopment of the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center; (2) 
projects proposed by the Alaska Department of Administration; 
(3) the International Center for Public Health project in New 
Jersey; (4) the Hispanic Native American Center in New Mexico; 
(5) the Winchester, NH, tannery project; (6) the Hawaii 
ornamental tropical fish and plant aquaculture initiative; and 
(7) a proposal for the Flathead Valley, MT, Community College; 
(8) the Northwest economic adjustment initiative for Oregon and 
Washington; (9) the Fort James, WI, paper mill; (10) the Forest 
Products Center, Vermont; (11) an infrastructure project for 
Lovelock, NV; (12) infrastructure development project for Grays 
Harbor, WA; (13) an infrastructure development project for 
Jefferson County, PA; (14) a project for Conimicut Village, 
Warwick, RI; (15) an economic initiative in East Bay, 
Providence RI; and (16) economic development for St. Johnsbury, 
VT.
    The Committee expects EDA to continue its efforts to assist 
communities impacted by economic dislocations relating to 
industry downswings as well as to assist communities impacted 
by downturns due to environmental concerns, for example, the 
timber and coal industries, or United States-Canadian trade-
related issues. The Committee notes that south-central Kentucky 
has suffered severe economic hardships due, in part, to 
overseas competition and requests that EDA consider this area 
for trade adjustment assistance.
    The Committee expects EDA to continue and, if possible, 
expand its university research program during fiscal year 1999. 
The Committee requests EDA to submit a report with the agency's 
fiscal year 2000 request reporting on the accomplishments of 
the university research program.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $21,028,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      29,590,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,465,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $22,465,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the Economic Development 
Administration [EDA]. The Committee directs EDA to continue to 
look for ways to streamline central headquarters and regional 
offices in order to allow for adequate field office staffing. 
Field representation plays an essential role in EDA's mission 
and should be maintained whenever possible. The Committee is 
concerned about a number of economic development representative 
positions that are unfilled, and urges that these positions be 
filled in fiscal year 1999.
    There is an estimated $2,422,000 in salaries and expenses 
carryover funds from two previous supplemental appropriations. 
The Committee expects EDA to use this carryover in fiscal year 
1999.

                  Minority Business Development Agency

                     Minority Business Development

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $25,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      28,087,000
Committee recommendation................................      25,276,000

    The Committee recommends $25,276,000 for the Minority 
Business Development Agency [MBDA] in fiscal year 1999. The 
Committee notes that since its inception in 1969, neither the 
MBDA nor its predecessor, the Office of Minority Business 
Enterprise, has ever been authorized.

                Economic and Information Infrastructure

    The Committee has included under this section of the bill 
the Department of Commerce agencies responsible for the 
Nation's basic economic and technical information 
infrastructure, as well as the administrative functions which 
oversee the development of telecommunications and information 
policy.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $47,499,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      53,701,000
Committee recommendation................................      49,169,000

    The Economic and Statistics Administration [ESA] is 
responsible for the collection, tabulation, and publication of 
a wide variety of economic, demographic, and social statistics 
and provides support to the Secretary of Commerce and other 
Government officials in interpreting the state of the economy 
and developing economic policy. The Bureau of Economic Analysis 
and the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs are funded in this 
account.
    During fiscal year 1999, the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
[BEA] will embark on an ambitious and necessary effort to 
update and improve statistical measurements of the U.S. economy 
and its measurement of international transactions.
    BEA's ``National economic'' account measurements and 
analyses include the gross domestic product [GDP] and indices 
of income and tangible wealth.
    The Committee recommendation provides funding of 
$49,169,000, which is $1,670,000 more than the level of funding 
for fiscal year 1998 for economic and statistical analysis 
programs and is $4,532,000 less than the administration's 
request.

         Economics And Statistics Administration Revolving Fund

    The Economics and Statistics Administration operates a 
revolving fund for the payment of expenses incurred in the 
electronic dissemination of data, including the acquisition and 
public sale of domestic, federally funded, foreign business, 
trade, and economic information. The revolving fund was 
initially established in fiscal year 1995 with a one-time 
appropriation of $1,677,000 to capitalize the fund.

                          Bureau of the Census

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $693,091,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,187,886,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,144,259,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $1,144,259,000 for 
the Bureau of the Census for fiscal year 1999. This amount is 
an increase of $451,168,000 above the amount provided for 
fiscal year 1998 and is $43,627,000 below the President's 
request. The Committee's recommendations for the Census Bureau 
accounts are described in more detail below.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $137,278,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     160,102,000
Committee recommendation................................     141,801,000

    This account provides for the salaries and expenses 
associated with the statistical programs of the Bureau of the 
Census, including measurement of the Nation's economy and the 
demographic characteristics of the population. These programs 
are intended to provide a broad base of economic, demographic, 
and social information used for decisionmaking by governments, 
private organizations, and individuals. Once again, the 
Committee emphasizes that the Bureau should make every effort 
to recover reimbursement for work requested by any other 
Federal agency or private organization. The Bureau should 
report to the Appropriations Committees on this issue not later 
than February 1, 1999.
    The Committee recommendation provides $141,801,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the Bureau of the Census for fiscal 
year 1999. This amount is $4,523,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $18,301,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request.

                     Periodic Censuses And Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $555,813,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,027,784,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,002,458,000

    This account provides for the constitutionally mandated 
decennial census, quinquennial censuses, and other programs 
which are cyclical in nature. Additionally, individual surveys 
are conducted for other Federal agencies on a reimbursable 
basis.
    The Committee recommends $1,002,458,000 for periodic 
censuses and related programs for fiscal year 1999. This amount 
is $446,645,000 above the amount provided for fiscal year 1998 
and is $25,326,000 below the budget request.
    The Committee recommends the requested level of 
$848,503,000 for decennial census activities in fiscal year 
1999. The Committee continues to have grave concerns about 
plans for the decennial census. If significant improvements are 
not made within the next 9 months, the Committee believes the 
2000 census may be at risk of failure. Last November, the 
Congress directed the Department of Commerce to submit an 
alternative plan for the decennial census which would not 
employ sampling.
    In April, the Bureau of the Census delivered to Congress a 
``Status Report on Planning for a Decennial Census in Year 2000 
Without the Use of Scientific Sampling.'' This report contained 
the Census Bureau's suggestions for activities that would or 
may be included in an alternative plan for census 2000. The 
Bureau estimated that it would need an additional $276,000,000 
above the $848,503,000 requested for fiscal year 1999 to fund a 
census plan that does not include sampling. The Bureau provided 
an inadequate justification for this cost estimate. The 
Committee does not have sufficient information to reliably 
estimate the additional cost in fiscal year 1999 for 
implementing a census with full enumeration.
    The Committee is concerned that the basic components for a 
successful census are not in place. The recent dress rehearsal 
for the decennial census was conducted in Sacramento, CA, 
Columbia, SC, and Menominee County, WI. A careful assessment of 
the dress rehearsal is necessary. Some early reports about the 
dress rehearsal are not reassuring. For example, the Bureau 
received two times the estimated number of undeliverable as 
addressed forms from the Postal Service. The Committee is also 
concerned that systems were not in place to be tested, which is 
the whole purpose of the exercise. Software to detect duplicate 
or fraudulent responses is not yet operational and was not able 
to be tested in the dress rehearsal. Accurate mailing lists and 
the ability to detect duplicate or fraudulent census forms are 
key components in a successful census.
    The Bureau is seeking $241,535,000 in fiscal year 1999, an 
increase of $147,368,000 over the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation, for address list development. The Bureau has had 
to reengineer its address list development in the past year. 
The Bureau originally planned to use the Postal Service's 
delivery sequence file [DSF] and merge this with the address 
file used for the 1990 census. The Bureau then would conduct a 
limited canvass to ensure the file was accurate and complete. 
The lists would then be sent to local governments for review 
and verification. The Bureau found the DSF might not be 
accurate enough to meet the Bureau's needs. Also, the ability 
of local units of governments to expend funds and resources to 
verify address lists varied. Within the past year, the Bureau 
has changed its method of building the master address file 
[MAF].
    The GAO found that local units of government are concerned 
about the quality of the Bureau's MAF and the maps enumerators 
are to use in canvassing. During fiscal year 1999, the Bureau 
plans to work more closely with local units of governments and 
to provide them with more time to review and verify addresses. 
As GAO noted about the reengineered address list development, 
the Bureau will not be able to test its revised approach before 
implementing it for the 2000 census. A MAF with a significant 
error rate will drive up the cost of the census. In 1990, 
inaccuracies in the mailing list resulted in an estimated 
$317,000,000 cost for followup work at nonexistent or vacant 
addresses.
    The Committee understands that Americans living overseas 
are not included in the plans for census 2000. The Committee 
directs the Bureau to work with the Department of State to 
include Americans living abroad in census 2000.
    The General Accounting Office [GAO] has been monitoring the 
preparations for the decennial census, and the Committee looks 
forward to receiving the GAO's analysis of the dress rehearsal 
and its recommendations. The Committee also requests GAO to 
assess the consequences of delaying the scheduled census and 
provide options to ensure its success. This report should be 
provided to the Appropriations Committees no later than 
February 1, 1999.
    The Committee's fiscal year 1998 report directed the Bureau 
to provide quarterly reports on milestones for the 
implementation of all decennial census projects, including the 
procurement of services and systems. One such report has been 
received in fiscal year 1998. The Committee once again directs 
that such reports be provided quarterly in fiscal year 1999 and 
has included this request in bill language.
    For other programs under this account, the Committee 
recommends the requested levels of $51,546,000 for economic 
censuses; $2,896,000 for census of governments; $5,260,000 for 
intercensal demographic estimates; $3,955,000 for demographic 
survey sample redesign; $8,834,000 for electronic information 
collection; $41,742,000 for geographic support; and $22,748,000 
for data processing systems.
    The Committee does not recommend the requested $21,603,000 
increase for the continuous measurement program, but includes 
base funding of $16,974,000 for this program in fiscal year 
1999. In last year's report, the Committee expressed concerns 
about the design of this program and directed the Bureau to 
conduct an outside assessment of its methodology. The Committee 
understands such an assessment is underway. The Committee 
cannot support an increase in this program until the concerns 
about its methodology and potential antirural bias are 
addressed.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $57,550,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      47,940,000
Committee recommendation................................      42,840,000

    The Committee recommends $42,840,000 in direct 
appropriations for the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration in fiscal year 1999. This level is 
$14,710,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$5,100,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $16,550,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      10,940,000
Committee recommendation................................      10,940,000

    The Committee recommends $10,940,000 in appropriations for 
the ``Salaries and expenses'' appropriation of the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration [NTIA]. This 
amount is the requested level for fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee retains language from the 1998 appropriation 
(Public Law 104-134) allowing the Secretary of Commerce to 
charge Federal agencies for a portion of the cost of 
coordination of spectrum management, analysis, and operations.

       Public Broadcasting Facilities, Planning, And Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $21,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      15,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      20,900,000

    The Committee recommends $20,900,000 for planning and 
construction grants for public television, radio, and 
nonbroadcast facilities for fiscal year 1999, which is 
$5,900,000 above the requested level. Public broadcasters face 
a significant challenge in making the transition from analog to 
digital broadcasting. The cost of this transition is more 
significant for noncommercial broadcasters.
    The Committee expects NTIA to continue to provide 
assistance for public radio and television stations which are 
not yet converting to digital broadcasting. Many stations, 
particularly in rural areas, will need assistance from the fund 
to continue nondigital broadcasts.
    The Committee notes that the Pan-Pacific education and 
communications experiments by satellite [PEACESAT] is now 
eligible for funding under this program and urges NTIA to 
consider making funds available for this purpose.

                   Information Infrastructure Grants

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $20,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      22,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      11,000,000

    The Committee recommends $11,000,000 for the Information 
Infrastructure Grant [IIG] Program in fiscal year 1999, a 
decrease of $11,000,000 from the fiscal year 1999 request and 
$9,000,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. The 
Committee expects NTIA to limit eligibility for this program, 
which has never been authorized by Congress.
    During the past year, the implementation of the universal 
service provisions of the Telecommunications Act has resulted 
in the availability of $1,300,000,000 being administered by the 
Schools and Libraries Corp. [SLC] and the Rural Health Care 
Corp. [RHCC] for the same purposes as the IIG Program. 
Therefore, the Committee directs that elementary and secondary 
schools or libraries eligible for funding under the universal 
service provisions should no longer be eligible for IIG 
funding. In addition, the regional information sharing system 
[RISS] under the Department of Justice provides funding for law 
enforcement entities which have traditionally obtained funding 
from the IIG Program. The Committee recommendation also 
excludes law enforcement entities eligible for the RISS Program 
from applying for IIG funds. The Committee expects NTIA to give 
preference to applications from consortia and for purposes such 
as public safety or other uses for which there is no other 
funding source available.
    The Committee urges NTIA to consider the following 
proposals within applicable procedures and guidelines and to 
provide a grant, if warranted for: a proposal from Marshall 
University, WV, for the development of an intranet distributed 
distance education network; a statewide information network at 
the University of Montana for collecting and disseminating 
manufacturing technology information; the University of Houston 
Learning and Computation Center; the NH educational technology 
initiative; and the University of Colorado Health Sciences 
Center native American telemedicine project.

                      Patent and Trademark Office

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $716,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     785,526,000
Committee recommendation................................     785,526,000

    The Patent and Trademark Office [PTO] is charged with 
administering the patent and trademark laws of the United 
States. PTO examines patent applications, grants patent 
protection for qualified inventions, and disseminates 
technological information disclosed in patents. PTO also 
examines trademark applications and provides Federal 
registration to owners of qualified trademarks. Legislation is 
pending in Congress to establish the Patent and Trademark 
Office as an independent Government entity.
    The President's fiscal year 1999 budget requests no direct 
appropriation from the Treasury for PTO salaries and expenses. 
Additionally, the request assumes a rescission of $116,500,000 
which the Committee does not recommend. The President's fiscal 
year 1999 budget assumes an extension of the patent surcharge, 
which expires at the end of fiscal year 1998. The Committee 
recommendation assumes extension of the surcharge, but only 
upon enactment of authorizing legislation.
    The General Services Administration, on behalf of the 
Patent and Trademark Office, has issued a solicitation for a 
lease of 2 million occupiable square feet for a consolidated 
PTO headquarters building. The Committee, in Public Law 105-
174, directed the Secretary of Commerce to undertake a review 
of the project, including an analysis of the costs and benefits 
of the project, and to report to the Committee by May 15, 1998.
    The Committee has reviewed the reports submitted by the 
Secretary, and does not object to the Secretary's direction 
that the competitive procurement process should continue. The 
Committee has also reviewed the business case analysis, which 
compares the total costs to be incurred by the PTO over the 20-
year lease should the PTO stay in its current location versus a 
consolidated site in Virginia per the solicitation. While the 
Committee was impressed with the scope and thoroughness of this 
analysis, the Committee wants assurances that build-out and 
moving costs will be controlled.
    The Committee has included bill language directing that 
PTO's Federal property management regulation [FPMR] standard 
level build-out costs will not exceed $36.69 per occupiable 
square foot [OSF] in year 2000 dollars for the 1,665,826 OSF of 
office space planned for the facility, which is the level 
prescribed in the General Services Administration [GSA] 
Advanced Acquisition Program; and, that together with the FPMR-
standard build-out costs for the 323,290 OSF of special purpose 
joint-use space, will not in total exceed the $88,000,000 that 
will be amortized within the congressionally approved 
prospectus rental limitation. Further, the Committee has 
directed that any mission-related, non-FPMR standard build-out 
costs shall not exceed $29,000,000, which is consistent, on a 
square-foot basis, with such expenditures for other recently 
consolidated agencies. The Committee expects cost control 
mechanisms to be put in place by PTO to monitor every aspect of 
this challenging project, and to provide a quarterly status 
report to the Committee.
    Of the funds made available to the agency in fiscal year 
1999, the PTO may make available not more than $5,000,000 for 
Inventure Place, an inventor's musuem with which the agency 
already has a relationship. The PTO shall make funds available 
to Franklin Pierce Law Center to study the feasibility of 
establishing a centralized intellectual property registry. The 
study shall assess and define the technical, economic, and 
legal requirements associated with such a centralized registry.

                         Science and Technology

    The Committee has included under this section of title II 
the Department of Commerce agencies involved in technology 
research and development, scientific assessment and prediction 
of environmental phenomena, and the administrative and policy 
functions providing oversight for these activities.

                       Technology Administration

       Under Secretary for Technology/Office of Technology Policy

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $8,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       9,993,000
Committee recommendation................................       9,993,000

    The Committee recommends the fiscal year 1999 requested 
funding level of $9,993,000 for the Office of the Under 
Secretary/Office of Technology Policy. This amount is 
$1,493,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. The 
Committee supports the $2,960,000 request for the Experimental 
Program to Stimulate Competitive Technology [EPSCoT] Program, 
which is modeled on, and complements, the innovative and 
successful National Science Foundation's Experimental Program 
to Stimulate Competitive Research [EPSCoR]. For the purposes of 
the EPSCoT Program, the State of New Hampshire shall be 
eligible for the program. The purpose of the EPSCoR Program is 
to stimulate quality research in States traditionally 
underrepresented in Federal research and development funding. 
EPSCoT shall serve as a technology counterpart to the EPSCoR.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $677,852,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     830,041,000
Committee recommendation................................     646,650,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $646,650,000 for the 
three appropriations accounts under the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology [NIST] for fiscal year 1999. This 
amount is a reduction of $183,391,000 from the budget request 
and $31,202,000 below the amounts appropriated for fiscal year 
1998. A description of each account and the Committee 
recommendation follows:

             Scientific And Technical Research And Services

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $276,852,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     291,636,000
Committee recommendation................................     290,636,000

    The Committee recommends $290,636,000 for the scientific 
and technical research and services (core programs) of the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology [NIST]. The 
Committee does not approve the requested increase of $7,000,000 
and 33 positions for a new initiative for measurements and 
standards for climate change. The Committee approves the 
increased funding for measurements and standards for disaster 
mitigation and for measurements and standards for international 
trade. Standards conflicts have been used increasingly to bar 
U.S. products from export markets. These conflicts are becoming 
a barrier to trade for many U.S. companies, and NIST is the 
only Federal agency able to assist U.S. businesses in resolving 
these conflicts.
    An increase of $5,000,000 is included in the Building and 
Fire Research Program for a Natural Resource Demonstration 
Program for the continued research, development, application, 
and demonstration of new building products, processes, 
technologies, and methods of construction through the use of 
underused natural resources and energy-efficient, 
environmentally sound techniques. Under the Wind Research 
Program, the Committee recommends an increase of $1,200,000 to 
continue funding an existing cooperative agreement between NIST 
and Texas Tech University.
    Quality Program.--Within the amounts designated for 
research support, the Committee recommends funding the Malcolm 
Baldrige Quality Award at a level of $5,370,000. The Committee 
has included bill language making an additional appropriation 
of $2,300,000 available for the expansion of the Malcolm 
Baldrige Quality Award upon enactment of authorizing 
legislation.

                     Industrial Technology Services

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $306,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     366,691,000
Committee recommendation................................     299,300,000

    The Committee recommends $299,300,000 for the ``Industrial 
technology services'' appropriation of the National Institute 
of Standards and Technology [NIST]. This amount is $6,700,000 
below the current appropriation and $67,391,000 below the 
budget request.
    Advanced Technology Program.--The Committee recommends 
$192,500,000 for the Advanced Technology Program [ATP] in 
fiscal year 1999, which is the fiscal year 1998 appropriated 
level, and $67,391,000 below the request. The Committee has 
been advised by the Department of Commerce that approximately 
$23,800,000 from prior-year deobligations and unobligated 
balances will carry over from fiscal year 1998. The Committee 
expects these funds to be used during fiscal year 1999. Within 
the total amount available, $41,100,000 shall be used for 
administrative costs and for the Small Business Innovation 
Research Program. This amount is $1,400,000 above the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $3,600,000 below the request. The 
Committee expects NIST to use a portion of these funds to 
conduct a comprehensive, outside assessment of the ATP Program. 
Since its inception, $1,195,206,000 has been obligated by the 
ATP Program. The administration is requesting $259,900,000 for 
this program in fiscal year 1999 and projected increases are 
expected in annual increments of approximately $50,000,000 for 
each year through fiscal year 2003. The program's effectiveness 
should be assessed before significant increases for new awards 
are appropriated. While NIST has conducted several internal 
assessments, including those done by consultants, and some 
outside case studies of specific years or classes of awards, 
there has been no comprehensive evaluation of the program. 
Enough program data has been amassed for an independent, 
outside assessment by a well-regarded organization with 
significant business and econometric experience. The Committee 
expects the assessment to analyze how well the program has 
reached certain goals established in its authorizing statute, 
the Technology Competitiveness Act of 1988. Among other goals, 
the statute expected funding to support projects which are high 
risk and which have the potential for eventual substantial 
widespread commercial application and directed that the program 
focuses on improving the competitive position of the United 
States and its businesses, gives preferences to discoveries and 
to technologies that have great economic potential, and avoids 
providing undue advantage to specific companies. In addition, 
the assessment should benchmark the ATP experience against 
similar high-risk, cutting-edge precompetitive research which 
has had limited or no Federal support during a comparable 
period and compare their successes in reaching a widespread 
commercial application. The report should be provided to the 
appropriate committees no later than February 1, 1999.
    The level provided by the Committee for the ATP Program 
would fully fund the requested level of $120,000,000 for awards 
created in fiscal years 1996, 1997, and 1998 and would make 
$38,700,000 available for new awards in fiscal year 1999. The 
amount for new awards is $55,300,000 less than the request. 
Pending the completion of the program evaluation and the 
enactment of legislation reauthorizing the program, the 
Committee will reevaluate the funding level for new awards in 
fiscal year 2000.
    Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program.--The Committee 
recommends the requested level of $106,800,000 for the 
Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program [MEP] in fiscal 
year 1999. In last year's appropriations report, the Committee 
expressed concern about those centers which had exceeded their 
sixth year of Federal funding and whether these centers should 
now be self-supporting. The Committee asked the Secretary of 
Commerce for a report outlining the Department's views on the 
centers and recommendations for assisting MEP centers to become 
self-supporting. The Secretary of Commerce provided this report 
to the Committee, and it concluded that some level of Federal 
support is necessary for the centers to attract funding from 
State, local, and private sources. The level provided by the 
Committee in fiscal year 1999 will permit funding for all MEP 
centers. It is the Committee's understanding that some centers 
are more productive and effective than others. In the course of 
conducting annual, triannual, and reapplication reviews, the 
Committee expects NIST to rigorously evaluate the MEP centers. 
The Committee directs that NIST provide an annual report to the 
Committee on the results of its evaluation process, and that 
NIST form a review panel comprised of knowledgeable and 
experienced individuals, who are neither employed by the agency 
nor involved with any of the MEP centers, to evaluate the 
results of their MEP center review prior to transmitting the 
final report to Congress. The final report should contain the 
evaluations of the review panel. This report should be provided 
to the appropriate committees no later than February 1, 1999.

                  Construction Of Research Facilities

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $95,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      56,714,000
Committee recommendation................................      56,714,000

    The Committee recommends the request of $56,714,000 for 
NIST's ``Construction of research facilities'' account. The 
Committee is not recommending an advance appropriation of 
$115,000,000 requested by the agency for fiscal years 2000 
through 2002. The agency submitted a facilities improvement 
plan with its fiscal year 1999 budget request. This plan was 
submitted in response to the Committee's request in the 
conference report accompanying the fiscal year 1998 
appropriations bill. The fiscal year 1999 request will permit 
NIST to continue its planned safety, capacity maintenance, and 
major repairs projects and to begin procurement of an advanced 
metrology laboratory [AML]. The Committee is concerned about 
NIST's plans to build a clean room at two different locations. 
These facilities are expensive and rapidly become obsolete. The 
agency should consider consolidating at one location all 
programs requiring regular use of a clean room. The Committee 
directs NIST to review programs requiring regular clean room 
use and report to the Committee about the feasibility of 
program consolidation supporting the construction of a clean 
room at one site before expending funds for construction at 
either site. This report should be provided no later than 
February 1, 1999.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

                  Operations, Research, And Facilities

                     (including transfers of funds)

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,002,139,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   4,908,271,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,199,366,000

    The Committee recommends discretionary appropriations of 
$1,608,914,000 for operations, research, and facilities for 
fiscal year 1999. The ``Operations, research, and facilities'' 
account of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
[NOAA], encompasses spending for the Agency's five line offices 
which administer coastal and ocean research programs, fisheries 
programs, weather forecasting, and atmospheric research. For 
the ``Procurement, acquisition, and construction'' account and 
other NOAA accounts, the Committee recommends an appropriation 
of $587,922,000. The total Committee recommendation for NOAA in 
fiscal year 1999 is $2,199,366,000. During a time of continued 
budgetary constraint, the Committee recommendation continues to 
make funding for ocean, coastal, fisheries, and atmospheric 
programs a high priority.
    As in past years, the Committee expects NOAA and the 
Department of Commerce to adhere to the direction given in this 
section of the Committee report and to observe the 
reprogramming procedures detailed in section 605 in the general 
provisions of the accompanying bill.
    The Committee recommendations by program are displayed in 
the following table:

                        [In thousands of dollars]                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   1998      1999 budget     Committee  
                              appropriation    request    recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
   NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE                                               
                                                                        
Navigation services:                                                    
    Mapping and charting....       30,100        30,100         32,100  
        Address survey                                                  
         backlog/contracts..       13,900         8,500          8,500  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       44,000        38,600         40,600  
                             ===========================================
    Geodesy.................       20,700        19,159         20,159  
        SC cooperative                                                  
         geodetic survey....  .............  ...........           500  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       20,700        19,159         20,659  
                             ===========================================
    Tides and currents data.       11,350        11,000         11,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, navigation                                                 
       services.............       76,050        68,759         72,259  
                             ===========================================
Ocean resources conservation                                            
 and assessment:                                                        
    Estuarine and coastal                                               
     assessment.............        2,674         2,674          2,674  
        Oceanic and coastal                                             
         research...........        7,910         7,410          7,410  
        GLERL...............  .............       6,025          6,825  
        Beaufort/Oxford.....  .............       2,236          2,236  
        Ocean assessment                                                
         program............       35,300        33,075         42,201  
        Transfer from damage                                            
         assessment fund....        6,700         5,683          5,683  
        Response and                                                    
         restoration........        4,000         5,500          9,174  
        Ocean services......        2,500    ...........  ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       59,084        62,603         76,203  
                             ===========================================
    Coastal ocean science:                                              
     Coastal ocean program..       17,200        17,800         17,800  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, ocean research                                             
       conservation and                                                 
       assessment...........       76,284        80,403         94,003  
                             ===========================================
Ocean and coastal                                                       
 management:                                                            
    Coastal management:       .............                             
        CZM grants..........       49,700        49,700         49,700  
        CZM 309 grants......  .............       6,000          6,000  
        Estuarine research                                              
         reserve system.....        5,650         4,300         10,500  
    CZM program                                                         
     administration.........        4,500         4,500          4,500  
        Nonpoint pollution                                              
         control............        1,000         6,000   ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       60,850        70,500         70,700  
                             ===========================================
Ocean management: Marine                                                
 sanctuary program..........       14,000        13,200         14,250  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, ocean and                                                  
       coastal management...       74,850        83,700         84,950  
                             ===========================================
Acquisition of data.........       14,546        14,546         14,546  
CZM (obligate in CZMF)......       (7,800)       (4,000)        (4,000) 
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, National Ocean                                             
       Service..............      233,930       243,408        261,758  
                             ===========================================
  NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES                                             
           SERVICE                                                      
                                                                        
Information collection and                                              
 analyses:                                                              
    Resource information....      100,550        92,714        106,419  
        Antarctic research..        1,200         1,200          1,200  
        Chesapeake Bay                                                  
         studies............        1,890         1,500          1,890  
        Right whale research          400           200            200  
        MARFIN..............        3,500         3,000          3,000  
        SEAMAP..............        1,200         1,200          1,200  
        Alaskan groundfish                                              
         surveys............          950           661            961  
        Bering Sea pollock                                              
         research...........          945           945            945  
        West coast                                                      
         groundfish.........          780           780            900  
        New England stock                                               
         depletion..........        1,000         1,000          1,000  
        Hawaii stock                                                    
         enhancement plan...          500    ...........           500  
        Yukon River chinook                                             
         salmon.............          700           700          1,075  
        Atlantic salmon                                                 
         research...........          710           710            710  
        Gulf of Maine                                                   
         groundfish survey..          567           567            567  
        Dolphin/yellowfin                                               
         tuna research......          250           250            250  
        Pacific Salmon                                                  
         Treaty program.....        5,587         5,587          7,471  
        Hawaiian monk seals.          550           500          1,000  
        Steller sea lion                                                
         recovery plan......        2,770         1,440          4,770  
        Hawaiian sea turtles          248           248            300  
        Shrimp pathogens....  .............  ...........           500  
        Lobster sampling....  .............  ...........           100  
        Halibut/sablefish...        1,200         1,200          1,200  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........      125,497       114,402        136,158  
                             ===========================================
    Fishery industry                                                    
     information:                                                       
        Fish statistics.....       13,000        14,500         14,500  
        Alaska groundfish                                               
         monitoring.........        5,500         5,200          6,100  
        PACFIN/AKFIN........        4,700         3,000          4,700  
        Recreational fishery                                            
         harvest monitoring.        3,900         3,100          3,900  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       27,100        25,800         29,200  
                             ===========================================
    Information analyses and                                            
     dissemination..........       20,900        20,900         20,900  
        Computer hardware                                               
         and software.......        4,000         4,000          4,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       24,900        24,900         24,900  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Total,                                                        
           information,                                                 
           collection, and                                              
           analyses.........      177,497       165,102        190,258  
                             ===========================================
Conservation and management                                             
 operations:                                                            
    Fisheries management                                                
     programs...............       27,450        34,600         34,400  
        Columbia River                                                  
         hatcheries.........       12,055        10,300         15,395  
        Columbia River                                                  
         endangered species                                             
         studies............          288           288            288  
        Salmon marking......  .............  ...........         1,800  
        Regional councils...       11,900        12,800         13,200  
        International                                                   
         fisheries                                                      
         commissions........          400           400            400  
        Management of                                                   
         George's Bank......          478           478            478  
        Pacific tuna                                                    
         management.........        2,300         1,250          2,900  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       54,871        60,116         68,861  
                             ===========================================
    Protected species                                                   
     management.............        6,200         6,450          6,950  
        Driftnet Act                                                    
         implementation.....        3,278         3,278          3,428  
        Marine Mammal                                                   
         Protection Act.....        9,500         9,500          7,583  
        Endangered Species                                              
         Act recovery plan..       20,200        30,200         30,200  
        Dolphin encirclement                                            
         studies............  .............       3,300          3,300  
        Native marine                                                   
         mammals............  .............  ...........           800  
        Southeastern sea                                                
         turtles............  .............  ...........           400  
        Observers/training..          767           350          2,650  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       39,945        53,078         55,311  
                             ===========================================
    Habitat conservation....        8,500        10,700         10,700  
    Enforcement and                                                     
     surveillance...........       17,600        18,500         18,500  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, conservation                                               
       and management                                                   
       operations...........      120,916       142,394        153,372  
                             ===========================================
State and industry                                                      
 assistance programs:                                                   
    Interjurisdictional                                                 
     fisheries grants.......        2,600         2,600          3,500  
    Anadromous grants.......        2,100         2,100          3,000  
    Anadromous fishery                                                  
     project................  .............         258   ..............
    Interstate fish                                                     
     commissions............        6,750         4,000          8,500  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Subtotal..............       11,450         8,958         15,000  
                             ===========================================
Fisheries development                                                   
 program:                                                               
    Product quality and                                                 
     safety.................       10,524         9,824          9,974  
    Hawaiian fisheries                                                  
     development............          750    ...........           750  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Subtotal..............       11,274         9,824         10,724  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, State and                                                  
       industry assistance                                              
       programs.............       22,724        18,782         25,724  
                             -------------------------------------------
Acquisition of data.........       25,098        25,098         25,098  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, National Marine                                            
       Fisheries Service....      346,235       351,376        394,452  
                             ===========================================
   OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC                                              
          RESEARCH                                                      
                                                                        
Climate and air quality                                                 
 research:                                                              
    Interannual and seasonal                                            
     climate research.......       12,900        12,900         15,900  
    Long-term climate and                                               
     air quality research...       29,402        30,387         30,387  
        High-performance                                                
         computing..........        7,500        12,500         12,500  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       36,902        42,887         42,887  
                             ===========================================
    GLOBE...................        5,000         6,000          5,000  
    Climate and global                                                  
     change.................       60,000        62,000         67,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Subtotal..............       65,000        68,000         72,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, climate and air                                            
       quality..............      114,802       123,787        130,787  
                             ===========================================
Atmospheric programs:                                                   
    Weather research........       37,413        34,613         36,613  
        Wind profiler.......        4,350         4,350          4,350  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       41,763        38,963         40,963  
                             ===========================================
    Solar-terrestrial                                                   
     services and research..        5,700         6,000          6,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, atmospheric                                                
       program..............       47,463        44,963         46,963  
                             ===========================================
Ocean and Great Lakes                                                   
 programs:                                                              
    Marine environmental                                                
     research...............       22,976        15,251         23,401  
        GLERL...............        6,000    ...........                
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........       28,976        15,251         23,401  
                             ===========================================
Sea grant: Sea grant college                                            
 program....................       56,000        50,182         56,000  
                             ===========================================
Undersea research program...       15,500         4,150         15,800  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, ocean and Great                                            
       Lakes programs.......      100,476        69,583         95,201  
                             -------------------------------------------
Acquisition of data.........       15,000        12,884         12,884  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, oceanic and                                                
       atmospheric research.      277,741       251,217        285,835  
                             ===========================================
  NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE                                              
                                                                        
Operations and research:                                                
    Local warnings and                                                  
     forecasts..............      324,000       353,201        357,600  
        MARDI...............       73,674        64,036         64,036  
        AHPS................  .............       4,200          4,000  
        Radiosonde                                                      
         replacement........          910         4,340            910  
        Weather data buoys                                              
         operations/MAROB...  .............       1,650          1,650  
        Susquehanna River                                               
         Basin flood system.        1,120           619          1,000  
        Aviation forecasts..       35,596        35,596         35,596  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Subtotal..........      435,300       463,642        464,792  
                             ===========================================
    Central forecast                                                    
     guidance...............       29,543        35,574         35,574  
    Atmospheric and                                                     
     hydrological research..        2,489         2,964          2,964  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, operations and                                             
       research.............      467,332       502,180        503,330  
                             ===========================================
Systems acquisition:                                                    
    Public warning and                                                  
     forecast systems:                                                  
        NEXRAD..............       39,591        38,346         38,346  
        ASOS................        5,341         7,116          7,116  
        AWIPS/NOAAPort......  .............      12,189         12,189  
        Computer facility                                               
         upgrades...........        8,000         4,600          4,600  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Total, systems                                                
           acquisition......       52,932        62,251         62,251  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Total, National                                               
           Weather Service..      520,264       564,431        565,581  
                             ===========================================
   NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL                                               
    SATELLITE, DATA, AND                                                
     INFORMATION SERVICE                                                
                                                                        
Satellite observing systems:                                            
    Polar convergence/IPO...       34,000    ...........  ..............
    Ocean remote sensing....        4,000         4,000          4,000  
    Environmental observing                                             
     services...............       50,347        51,486         54,486  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, satellite                                                  
       observing systems....       88,347        55,486         58,486  
                             ===========================================
Environmental data                                                      
 management systems:                                                    
    Environmental services                                              
     and data information                                               
     manage-  ment..........       27,500        28,550         27,500  
    Environmental data                                                  
     systems modernization..       16,335        16,335         16,335  
    Regional climate centers        2,500    ...........         3,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, environmental                                              
       data management                                                  
       systems..............       46,335        44,885         46,835  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, National                                                   
       Environmental                                                    
       Satellite, Data, and                                             
       Information Service..      134,682       100,371        105,321  
                             ===========================================
       PROGRAM SUPPORT                                                  
                                                                        
Administration and services:                                            
    Executive direction and                                             
     administration.........       19,200        19,200         19,200  
    Systems Acquisition                                                 
     Office [SAO]...........        1,420    ...........           700  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Subtotal..............       20,620        19,200         19,900  
                             ===========================================
    Central administrative                                              
     support................       31,850        31,850         31,850  
    Retired pay commissioned                                            
     officers...............        8,000         7,000          7,000  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, administration                                             
       and services.........       60,470        58,050         58,750  
                             ===========================================
    Aircraft services.......       10,400        10,500         10,500  
    Rent savings............       (4,656)   ...........  ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, program support       66,214        68,550         69,250  
                             ===========================================
Fleet planning and                                                      
 maintenance................       13,500         9,600         11,600  
                             ===========================================
Facilities:                                                             
    NOAA facilities                                                     
     maintenance............        1,800         1,800          1,800  
    NOAA-wide space planning  .............         735            735  
    Sandy Hook lease........        2,000         2,000          2,000  
    Environmental compliance        2,000         2,000          2,000  
    WFO maintenance.........        1,000         5,400          5,400  
    Columbia River                                                      
     facilities.............        4,465         4,465          4,465  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, facilities.....       11,265        16,400         16,400  
                             ===========================================
Direct obligations..........    1,603,831     1,605,353      1,710,197  
    Offset for fee                                                      
     collections............  .............     (22,281)        (4,000) 
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, direct                                                     
       obligations..........    1,603,831     1,583,072      1,706,197  
                             ===========================================
Reimbursable obligations....      317,015       195,767        195,767  
    Navigation and Magnuson                                             
     fee collections........  .............      22,281          4,000  
    New offsetting                                                      
     collections (data                                                  
     sales).................        2,400         3,600   ..............
    Anticipated offsetting                                              
     collections                                                        
     (aerocharts)...........         3000    ...........  ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
      Subtotal..............      322,415       221,648        199,767  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total obligations.....    1,926,246     1,804,720      1,905,964  
                             ===========================================
Financing:                                                              
    Prior-year recoveries                                               
     (direct)...............      (24,000)      (28,527)       (28,527) 
    Unobligated balance                                                 
     transferred, net.......       (1,500)         (969)          (969) 
    Federal ship financing                                              
     fund expenses..........       (1,700)   ...........  ..............
    Coastal zone management                                             
     fund...................       (7,800)   ...........  ..............
    New offsetting                                                      
     collections (data                                                  
     sales).................       (2,400)       (3,600)  ..............
    Federal funds...........     (172,000)     (134,927)      (134,927) 
    Non-Federal funds.......     (145,015)      (60,840)       (60,840) 
    Offset for fee                                                      
     collections............  .............     (22,281)        (4,000) 
    Anticipated offsetting                                              
     collections                                                        
     (aerocharts)...........       (3,000)   ...........  ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total budget authority    1,568,831     1,553,576      1,676,701  
                             ===========================================
Discretionary budget                                                    
 authority..................    1,568,831     1,553,576      1,676,701  
                             ===========================================
Financing from:                                                         
    Promote and develop                                                 
     American fisheries.....      (62,381)      (62,381)       (63,073) 
    Damage assessment and                                               
     restoration revolving                                              
     fund...................       (5,200)       (4,714)        (4,714) 
                             -------------------------------------------
      Net appropriation,                                                
       operations, research,                                            
       and facilities.......    1,501,250     1,486,481      1,608,914  
          Anticipated                                                   
           offsetting                                                   
           collections                                                  
           (aerocharts).....        3,000    ...........  ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
      Gross appropriation,                                              
       operations, research,                                            
       and facilities w/                                                
       collections..........    1,504,250     1,486,481      1,608,914  
                             ===========================================
       OTHER ACCOUNTS                                                   
                                                                        
Procurement, acquisition,                                               
 and construction [PAC]:                                                
    Systems acquisition:                                                
        NEXRAD..............        6,377         9,170          9,170  
        ASOS................        4,494         3,855          3,855  
        AWIPS/NOAAPort......      116,910        67,667         67,667  
        Computer facility                                               
         upgrades...........        5,000         9,900          9,900  
        POES K-N'...........       82,905       159,917        150,000  
        Polar convergence                                               
         (NPOESS)...........  .............      64,698         50,000  
        GOES I-M............      105,139        99,634         75,634  
        GOES N-Q............      110,861       190,508        183,550  
    Construction:                                                       
        Boulder laboratory--                                            
         above standard                                                 
         costs..............        2,900         5,670          5,670  
        WFO construction....       13,823         9,526          9,526  
        National Centers for                                            
         Environmental                                                  
         Prediction.........  .............         850            850  
        Tiburon/Santa Cruz..       15,200         4,200          4,200  
        NERRS construction..        8,000    ...........         8,000  
        Other facilities....       20,000    ...........         9,900  
                             -------------------------------------------
          Total,                                                        
           procurement,                                                 
           acquisition, and                                             
           construction                                                 
           obligations......      491,609       625,595        587,922  
          Deobligations.....  .............      (4,000)  ..............
                             -------------------------------------------
          Total,                                                        
           procurement,                                                 
           acquisition, and                                             
           construc-  tion..      491,609       621,595        587,922  
                             ===========================================
Promote and develop                                                     
 fisheries..................        4,000         3,353          3,353  
Fishermen's contingency fund          953           953            953  
Foreign fishing observer                                                
 fund.......................          189           189            189  
Damage assessment and                                                   
 restoration revolving fund.       (5,200)       (1,500)        (1,500) 
Fisheries finance program...          338           238            388  
Coastal zone management fund        7,800         4,000          4,000  
    CZMF offsetting                                                     
     collections............       (4,736)       (4,000)        (4,000) 
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, other accounts.      494,953       624,828        590,452  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, National                                                   
       Oceanic and                                                      
       Atmospheric                                                      
       Administration--all                                              
       accounts.............    2,063,784     2,178,404      2,268,006  
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total, National                                                   
       Oceanic and                                                      
       Atmospheric                                                      
       Administration                                                   
       discretionary........    2,002,139     2,116,670      2,199,366  
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.

                         National Ocean Service

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$261,758,000 for activities of the National Ocean Service [NOS] 
for fiscal year 1999, an increase of $18,350,000 above the 
request. The request included the assumption of fees to be 
imposed on navigation services, a proposal which was to be 
developed in conjunction with the U.S. Coast Guard. The fees, 
estimated to total $2,500,000 in fiscal year 1999, would be 
used to offset NOAA's overall budget authority in fiscal year 
1999. The Committee has not received a proposal from the 
administration in support of this fee initiative, and, 
therefore, does not recommend its adoption in fiscal year 1999.
    For navigation services, the Committee recommends a total 
of $72,259,000, an increase of $3,500,000 over the fiscal year 
1999 request and $3,791,000 below the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation. Included in this amount is $500,000 to continue 
the South Carolina geodetic survey and $2,160,000 to establish 
a joint hydrographic center for the evaluation of innovative 
equipment and techniques for the acquisition of survey data at 
the University of New Hampshire, and of which $160,000 shall be 
made available to the State of New Hampshire for stream quality 
monitoring. This funding level also supports the $1,000,000 for 
a data survey of Narragansett Bay, to be conducted in 
conjunction with the Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management 
Council. The Committee directs NOAA to increase its allocation 
for shoreline mapping in fiscal year 1999 to $2,000,000. The 
Committee thinks shoreline mapping is an important component of 
nautical maps, and urges the agency to seek increased funding 
in subsequent fiscal years to eliminate the backlog and then to 
maintain a regular shoreline mapping schedule. Under the 
``Ocean resources conservation and assessment'' account, the 
Committee recommends a level of $94,003,000 to fund pfiesteria 
and harmful algal blooms research and monitoring, hypoxia 
research, ecosystem monitoring in south Florida, and other 
fiscal year 1999 requests supporting clean water initiatives. 
Included in this funding is $5,800,000 to support NOAA's 
cooperative agreement with the Cooperative Institute for 
Coastal and Estuarine Environmental Technology and $15,000,000 
for the Coastal Services Center. Funding of $2,000,000 is 
included to support critical research at the National Coral 
Reef Institute and to continue Hawaiian coral reef monitoring 
and assessment by the University of Hawaii. The recommended 
level also funds the Great Lakes Environmental Research 
Laboratory at the fiscal year 1998 appropriated level of 
$6,825,000.
    Under this account, the Committee has created a new line 
item entitled ``Office of Response and Restoration'' which will 
include and consolidate the following lines under the ``Ocean 
resources conservation and assessment'' account: estuarine and 
coastal assessment, $2,674,000; damage assessment, $4,500,000; 
Ocean Pollution Act of 1990, $1,000,000; and coastal resource 
coordination, $1,000,000. The Committee also recommends a 
$2,000,000 increase for this new line item. The Committee 
directs that this additional funding be made available from the 
damage assessment fund transfer to the ``Estuarine and coastal 
assessment'' account. The Committee also directs the Coastal 
Ocean Program to work with and continue its current levels of 
support for the Baruch Institute's research and monitoring of 
small, high-salinity estuaries. The recommended funding level 
also supports $1,200,000 for initiation of the competitively 
approved land use-coastal ecosystem study, a regional ecosystem 
research and outreach program led by the South Carolina sea 
grant.
    Under the ``Ocean and coastal management'' account, the 
Committee recommends a funding level of $70,700,000. This 
funding level supports the coastal zone management grants and 
administration, including an increase in section 309 grants at 
the requested level. The Committee recommends an increase in 
the National Estuarine Research Reserve System [NERRS] Program 
for a total funding level of $10,500,000 in fiscal year 1999. 
Of this amount, $5,000,000 shall be made available for land 
acquisition at the Great Bay NERRS. The recommendation also 
provides $1,200,000 for the South Carolina coastal zone 
management program to provide technical assistance to a 
citizen-based clean-water task force including South Carolina 
State and local governments to preserve the health of estuaries 
and waterways in Beaufort County. The Committee recommends 
funding of $14,250,000 for the Marine Sanctuary Program in 
fiscal year 1999, of which $250,000 is provided to begin a 
demonstration project in Washington State, the Northwest 
straits local marine conservation initiative, as outlined by 
the Northwest Straits Citizen's Advisory Commission. The 
Committee does not recommend funding the proposed increase for 
section 6217 nonpoint pollution control. Funds for this purpose 
should be made available to the States through the 
Environmental Protection Agency, which is responsible for the 
program.

                   National Marine Fisheries Service

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$394,702,000 for the programs of the National Marine Fisheries 
Service [NMFS] for fiscal year 1999, instead of $351,376,000 as 
requested. The Committee recommends funding, as shown in the 
preceding table, for a variety of important research and 
information programs which are designed to promote a 
sustainable use of valuable marine resources.
    The administration's request for NMFS contained proposed 
new fees totaling $19,781,000 in fiscal year 1999. Of this 
amount, $4,000,000 are authorized to be collected under the 
Magnuson-Stevens Act to support the Community and Individual 
Fishery Quota Program. The Committee directs NOAA to spend 
these fees to support this program during fiscal year 1999. The 
Committee recommends $500,000 for the Hawaiian Community 
Development Program and fishery demonstration projects for 
native fisheries development as authorized under the Magnuson-
Stevens Act. The remaining fees to be collected were to be 
derived from an ex-vessel tax on the value of fish caught by 
commercial fishing vessels. This proposal was not discussed 
with the industry and was presented to Congress with no details 
about how the fee mechanism would work, or the impact it would 
have on the commercial or recreational fishing industries. The 
Committee does not recommend the imposition of this fee.
    The Committee provided direction to NMFS in its fiscal year 
1998 appropriations bill to increase full-time equivalents 
[FTE] within NMFS. The timely implementation of the Magnuson-
Stevens Act remains a concern of the Committee, and the 
distribution of personnel, particularly to field offices 
outside of Washington, DC, continues to be problematic. The 
Committee expects a report from NOAA not later than November 
30, 1998, detailing the number of NMFS FTE hired within the 
last 2 fiscal years and their distribution throughout all NMFS 
locations nationwide.
    The Committee is concerned about the implementation of the 
Magnuson-Stevens Act and directs the General Accounting Office 
[GAO] to report on the agency's compliance with the 
requirements of the act. The Committee directs GAO to assess, 
in particular, compliance with national standard two, which 
stipulates that ``conservation and management measures shall be 
based on the best scientific information available,'' and 
national standard eight, which requires the NMFS to ``take into 
account the importance of fishery resources to fishing 
communities.''
    For NMFS resource information programs, the Committee makes 
several recommendations. Many commercial and recreational 
information and data collection networks have been funded for 
several years. The Committee, in the past, has expressed its 
concern about the accuracy and effectiveness of these data 
collection efforts. The Committee has urged NMFS to coordinate 
the techniques used by the agency to collect data on a national 
basis while continuing to take into account the unique 
characteristics of regional commercial and recreational 
fisheries. Again in fiscal year 1999, the Committee is 
recommending funding for these networks. The Committee directs 
NMFS to submit a report on the state of U.S. fishery resources 
with its fiscal year 2000 budget request. This report shall 
outline the methodology used by NMFS to collect data on these 
fisheries and detail the status and trends of the Nation's 
fishery stocks. The Committee recommends $4,700,000 for PACFIN/
AKFIN, the Pacific/Alaska fishery information network. This 
amount is equal to the fiscal year 1998 level. The Committee 
directs NOAA to ensure that Hawaii receives an appropriate 
share of PACFIN resources.
    The Committee has provided $3,900,000 for the recreational 
fishing information network [RecFIN] program, and expects that 
the Pacific, Atlantic, and gulf States shall each receive one-
third of these funds, with funding for inshore recreational 
species assessment and tagging efforts in South Carolina. The 
Committee expects that $500,000 will be used to continue the 
effort to enhance the annual collection and analysis of 
economic data on marine recreational fishing.
    The Committee recommends an increase of $7,000,000 in the 
information collection and analyses resource information base 
programs. The Committee directs that some of these funds be 
used to implement the Magnuson-Stevens Act off Alaska, 
including the biennial survey of Gulf of Alaska stocks, in-
season fishery monitoring improvements and implementation of 
the license limitation program. Among the increases recommended 
within the information collection and analyses resource 
information programs are $2,000,000 for the Gulf of Mexico 
stock enhancement consortium, $500,000 for the Hawaii stock 
enhancement plan, $300,000 for Hawaiian sea turtles, $100,000 
to conduct sampling of the lobster population in State waters 
in New England, and $500,000 to conduct research on shrimp 
pathogens in the southeastern United States. The Committee 
acknowledges work being done at the Xiphophorus Genetic Stock 
Center at Southwest Texas State University to improve the 
understanding of fish genetics and evolution. The Committee 
urges NMFS to expand its work with the center to benefit 
commercial fish farming and hatcheries. The Committee 
recommends funding Chesapeake oyster research at a level of 
$750,000 and expects NMFS to request funds in fiscal year 2000 
to support continued research on their recovery. Further, the 
Committee expects at least $250,000 in Saltonstall-Kennedy 
funds to be provided to support ongoing efforts by the 
Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference for educational 
programs associated with vibrio vulnificus. In general, the 
Committee thinks NMFS should encourage Saltonstall-Kennedy 
research grants in the area of oyster diseases which are 
affecting many areas of the coastal United States. The 
Committee has again provided funds for Alaska groundfish 
monitoring which should be used in accordance with the fiscal 
year 1998 report language. The Committee recommendation 
includes $2,000,000 for the State of Alaska to develop 
commercial fisheries near shore, including dive fisheries for 
urchins, and groundfish fisheries for cod, rockfish, skates, 
and dogfish. The recommendation also provides $4,770,000 for 
Steller sea lion work, of which $2,770,000 shall be used in 
accordance with the fiscal year 1998 report language, and of 
which $2,000,000 shall be passed through the National Fish and 
Wildlife Foundation for research, rehabilitation, and education 
relating to marine mammals, marine birds, and fish in the 
waters off Alaska. The Committee intends for the $375,000 
increase provided over the fiscal year 1998 appropriation for 
Yukon River salmon to be provided to the State of Alaska for 
costs associated with supporting the Federal program, salmon 
test fisheries, stock identification, habitat, and local 
knowledge studies. The Committee recommendation has provided an 
increase in funding for Pacific Salmon Treaty implementation. 
This effort provides funds to the State of Alaska for its work 
in monitoring the effects of the decline of Pacific Northwest-
origin salmon on the harvest off Alaska of Alaska-origin 
salmon. Also included in this line item is continued funding at 
a level of $1,844,000 for the Chinook Salmon Agreement. The 
Committee recommends that NMFS make available a total of 
$3,200,000 to the base budget of the Northwest Fisheries 
Science Center to perform west coast groundfish research. The 
Committee further recommends that west coast groundfish duties 
currently performed by the Alaska and Southwest Fisheries 
Science Centers not be shifted to the Northwest center without 
additional funding in excess of the $3,200,000 base funding 
recommended by the Committee. As in past years, the Committee 
directs the harvest technology unit to provide onsite technical 
assistance to the National Warmwater Aquaculture Research 
Center at Stoneville until sufficient harvest technology 
expertise can be transferred from NMFS to the staff of the 
center.
    The Committee expects NMFS to continue its right whale 
research and to focus on much-needed gear modification 
research. The Committee expects NMFS to: fund gear modification 
research at the level appropriated in fiscal year 1998; provide 
$150,000 out of existing funds in the Protected Species 
Management Base Program; and conduct this research in 
conjunction with the research being funded in the ``Information 
collection and analyses'' account. Not less than $850,000 is 
provided within resource information to continue the Marine 
Resources Monitoring Assessment and Prediction Program [MARMAP] 
carried out by the South Carolina Division of Marine Resources, 
and $300,000 for research on the Charleston bump, an offshore 
bottom feature which attracts large numbers of fish. Also, the 
Committee recommendation includes $3,000,000 for the Marine 
Fisheries Initiative [MARFIN], of which $500,000 is for 
continuing activities in the Northeast.
    The Committee recommends $153,622,000 for NMFS conservation 
and management operations. The recommendation includes 
$34,400,000 for the base Fisheries Management Program. The 
Committee is concerned about the delay in the implementation of 
fishery management plans. This increase in base funds is to be 
used in completing and implementing pending plans. The 
Committee is concerned that the National Marine Fisheries 
Service has exceeded the scope of congressional intent in 
implementing the essential fish habitat provisions of the 1996 
Magnuson-Stevens Act. Further, the Committee questions the 
advisability of providing more funding for esssential fish 
habitat programs in fiscal year 1999 than for the development 
and implementation of fishery management plans. The Committee 
directs NMFS to reexamine the scope of the essential fish 
habitat regulations and guidelines, and directs GAO to report 
on the agency's implementation of the fish habitat requirements 
of the act. In addition, the Committee recommends the creation 
of a new line, native marine mammal commissions, which 
consolidates several line items under this account. Included 
under native marine mammal commissions are current requests for 
the Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission ($400,000), the Beluga 
Whale Committee ($200,000), the Harbor Seal Commission 
($100,000), and new funding for the Bristol Bay Native 
Association ($100,000). The Committee recommendation funds the 
requested level for Atlantic salmon recovery and the State of 
Maine recovery plan. Increases include: $15,395,000 for 
Columbia River hatcheries; funding of $500,000 for swordfish 
conservation, consistent with recommendations of the 
International Tropical Tuna Commission; an increase for Pacific 
tuna management to a level consistent with the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation; $230,000 for a Pacific coral reef fishery 
management plan; and, $400,000 for a study of the status and 
trends of southeastern sea turtles. The Committee recommends an 
increase above the request for fishery management councils for 
a total of $13,200,000. With the passage of the Magnuson-
Stevens Act, the regional councils have increased 
responsibilities which require adequate resources.
    Of the base funds requested for northwestern salmon in the 
protected species line for fiscal year 1999, the Committee 
directs that $2,500,000 be made available for additional staff 
to provide technical support to local and State salmon and 
steelhead recovery efforts within Washington State. The 
Committee expects NMFS to coordinate closely with the 
Washington State Governor's Salmon Recovery Office in the 
development of State salmon recovery plans. The Committee 
further directs that an additional $2,500,000 be allocated to 
the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission to facilitate tribal 
participation in local and state salmon recovery efforts in 
Washington State.
    The Committee directs NMFS to provide Washington State 
operations and maintenance funding at least equal to what the 
State received in fiscal year 1998. The Committee directs that: 
an additional $525,000 be used for mass marking of coho 
hatchery salmon; an additional $774,000 be used for mass 
marking in Washington State of Lower Columbia River (below 
Bonneville Dam) chinook hatchery salmon; and additional 
$600,000 be used for mass marking in Washington State of 
Klickitat Upper River bright fall chinook.
    Under the ``Protected species management'' account, the 
Committee recommends a total of $55,311,000 for fiscal year 
1999. The recommendation includes funding for Driftnet Act 
implementation and the Marine Mammal Protection Act. The 
Committee recommends $3,428,000 for implementation of the High 
Seas Driftnet Fisheries Enforcement Act, North Pacific 
Anadromous Stocks Convention Act, Central Bering Sea Fisheries 
Enforcement Act, and for the expenses of U.S. advisers relating 
to these matters. Also included under the Driftnet Act 
implementation is an additional $150,000 to provide operating 
costs for the Pacific Rim Fisheries Program, which provides 
unique information to the Federal and State governments, as 
well as to the fishing industry, which promotes fisheries 
commerce in Pacific rim countries. The Committee recommends an 
increase in base funding for California sea lions for a total 
of $6,950,000, which includes $500,000 for the Pacific States 
Commission's continued funding of research on sea lion 
interactions. A new line item is created to consolidate 
observer and observer training funding. The fishery observers/
training line includes: $1,875,000 for North Pacific marine 
resource observers; $425,000 for the North Pacific Fishery 
Observer Training Center; and $350,000 for east coast 
observers. Under enforcement and surveillance, the Committee 
recommends continued support at last year's level for marine 
forensics and southeast fisheries' law enforcement and the 
Committee expects continued cooperative laboratory activities 
between NMFS and State and local governments and the academic 
community.
    The Committee also directs that $750,000 be transferred 
from the protected species management program to the Pacific 
States Marine Fisheries Commission to pursue additional 
research on the effects California sea lions and harbor seals 
have on salmon and the west coast ecosystem.
    For State and industry programs, the Committee recommends 
increases of $900,000 for the interjurisdictional fisheries 
grants and for anadromous fishery grants. Of the $8,500,000 
provided for the interstate fisheries commissions, $5,125,000 
shall be provided to the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries 
Commission for the Atlantic Coastal Cooperative Fisheries 
Management Act, and the remainder shall be provided to each of 
the three interstate fisheries commissions (including the 
ASMFC).
    The Committee recommends $10,724,000 for the ``Fisheries 
Development Program'' account. Within this amount, the 
Committee restored funding for the Hawaiian Fisheries 
Development Program to $750,000, which is the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation, and $150,000 to the Alaska Fisheries Development 
Foundation [AFDF] for its operational costs relating to the 
goals and objectives of the Magnuson-Stevens Act and to the 
creation of a permanent endowment to provide operational funds 
for the AFDF. As in prior fiscal years, the Committee expects 
the Hawaii Stock Enhancement and Hawaiian Fisheries Development 
Programs to be administered by the Oceanic Institute.
    The Committee recognizes that last year the members of the 
Northwest congressional delegation wrote to the Administration 
urging that a new agreement on funding for mitigation of the 
fish and wildlife impacts of the Federal Columbia River Power 
System [FCRPS] to be executed by April 30, 1998. The Committee 
commends the Administration for its effort to develop a new 
agreement for these costs, but at this time one has not been 
completed. The Committee maintains there is a critical need to 
extend the memorandum of agreement [MOA] on fish and wildlife 
funding between Bonneville and other Federal agencies to cover 
the period beyond 2001. Therefore, the Committee urges the 
agencies party to the existing MOA to execute a definitive 
agreement for funding fish and wildlife mitigation during 
fiscal years 2002-2006 by September 1, 1998.

                    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$285,835,000 for oceanic and atmospheric research for fiscal 
year 1999, instead of $251,217,000 as requested, and 
$277,741,000 as funded in fiscal year 1998. In implementing 
programs within this account, the Committee directs NOAA to 
maintain or enhance its level of collaboration with the 
extramural research community. In addition, while all NOAA 
external research is currently peer reviewed, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to take steps to ensure that all NOAA research, 
regardless of who performs it, is subject to periodic peer 
review.
    The Committee recommends a fiscal year 1999 level of 
$130,787,000 for climate and air quality research. Within this 
account, the Committee recommendation provides a funding level 
of $15,900,000 for interannual and seasonal climate research. 
It is the Committee's understanding that NOAA recently reached 
agreement with the International Hurricane Center to conduct 
long-term research on the effects of hurricanes, and directs 
the agency to fund this research as stated in the memorandum of 
understanding. The Committee recommends providing $2,000,000 to 
the Climate Change Research Center at the Institute for the 
Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space for climate and air quality 
monitoring and research as well as meteorological and 
climatological modeling.
    The Committee recommends funding for long-term climate and 
air quality research at a level of $30,387,000, which is equal 
to the President's request. The purpose of the research was to 
detect improvements in air quality as a result of the Clean Air 
Act amendments. The justification states that the funding 
increase would enable ``NOAA to provide the scientific input 
for decisions associated with the new air quality ruling 
recently issued by EPA calling for lower ozone and particulate 
matter standards.'' The Environmental Protection Agency has an 
Office of Research and Development which is charged with 
conducting such research. If EPA wishes NOAA to conduct 
research to back its regulations, it shall do so on a 
reimbursable basis from its own budget. The Committee cautions 
NOAA not to submit future requests for funds which are 
inconsistent with the agency's research mission. The Committee 
recommends the increased request for high-performance computing 
at a level of $12,500,000 for fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee recommends $67,000,000 in fiscal year 1999 
for the Climate and Global Change Program. The research being 
conducted under this program has had some exciting results. The 
funding increase in fiscal year 1999 will augment efforts to 
develop regional seasonal to interannual forecasts over North 
America.
    During late 1997, NOAA conducted an evaluation of climate 
models to forecast the direction and variances of severe 
weather events like El Nino. The additional $5,000,000 
recommended by the Committee would accelerate the refinement of 
these models, which could result in giving forecasters the 
ability to predict severe weather events like El Nino and La 
Nina, which could reduce loss of life as well as economic 
losses.
    The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for the GLOBE Program 
in fiscal year 1999, a reduction of $1,000,000 from the 
request. For several years NOAA, along with EPA and the 
National Science Foundation [NSF], have provided funding for 
this program. The Committee directs NOAA to submit a report not 
later than November 30, 1998, on how much all agencies have 
spent on GLOBE to date and what steps will be taken to make the 
program self-sustaining by fiscal year 2000. While it is a 
worthwhile program in the short term, the data collected cannot 
be incorporated into NOAA's atmospheric research and thus are 
of limited scientific value for the agency.
    For the atmospheric programs, the Committee recommends a 
level of $46,963,000, an increase of $2,000,000 above the 
request and a decrease of $500,000 below the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation. The Committee recommends funding the fiscal year 
1999 request of $6,000,000 for solar-terrestrial services and 
research. The Committee expects $2,000,000 to be used by OAR to 
incorporate wind-profile data into its operational forecast 
models and evaluate wind-profile measurements for improving the 
accuracy of weather forecasts. This data is being collected by 
NESDIS as a pilot project. The Committee directs that 
$2,000,000 be made available to the Science Center for 
Teaching, Outreach and Research on Meteorology [STORM] for the 
collection and analysis of weather data in the Midwest.
    The Committee recommends a level of $23,401,000 for the 
ocean and Great Lakes programs, this is an increase of 
$8,150,000 above the request and $5,575,000 below the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation. The Committee has several 
recommendations within this account: funding the ocean 
observations, recently transferred from the National Ocean 
Service, at a level of $2,950,000, of which $1,500,000 shall be 
provided for southeast Atlantic marine monitoring and 
prediction at the University of North Carolina; $400,000 for 
continued hypoxia research; $2,000,000 for the VENTS Program; 
$1,000,000 for National Invasive Species Act implementation; 
$850,000 for ballast water research and small boat portage 
zebra mussel dispersion problems in the Chesapeake and Great 
Lakes including Lake Champlain; $1,000,000 for the Gulf of 
Maine Council; $2,300,000 for continued Tsunami mitigation 
planning and research; $300,000 for the Lake Champlain study; 
and $3,600,000 for mariculture research. The Committee 
recommendation for mariculture assumes continuation of the Open 
Ocean Aquaculture Program, begun in fiscal year 1998, at a 
level of $2,050,000, of which $50,000 shall be made available 
to the Island Institute of Maine for support of its program.
    The Committee recommends a level of $56,000,000 for the Sea 
Grant Program in fiscal year 1999, which is level with the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation. The Committee expects funding 
for aquatic nuisance species research to continue at a level of 
$2,800,000 and that the Gulf of Mexico oyster initiative will 
be funded at last year's appropriation of $1,000,000.
    For the National Undersea Research Program [NURP], the 
Committee recommends a level of $15,800,000, an increase of 
$300,000 over the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $4,450,000 
above the fiscal year 1999 request. Included in the fiscal year 
1999 recommendation is continued funding for JASON at the 
fiscal year 1998 levels of $1,500,000. The Committee expects 
the funds to be equally divided between research conducted 
through east coast NURP centers and through west coast NURP 
centers including the Hawaii and Pacific center and the west 
coast and polar regions center. The Committee directs that 
$300,000 be used to support the Aquarius undersea laboratory.
    The Committee recommends funding the Marine Minerals 
Technology Center, a joint project of the Departments of 
Natural Resources of Mississippi, Alaska, and Hawaii, at a 
level of $1,800,000 in fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee notes with concern that NOAA has not met its 
commitments pursuant to a memorandum of understanding dated 
June 20, 1994, to provide financial support for the Submarine 
Arctic Science Program [SCICEX], and suggests that these modest 
commitments be met as soon as possible.
    The Committee has included a general provision which would 
create a smaller executive committee within the north Pacific 
research board that would be comprised of a 5-member board and 
would be responsible for making the decisions of the board. The 
19-member board, as a whole, would serve in an advisory 
capacity to this executive committee.

                        National Weather Service

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$650,593,000 for the National Weather Service [NWS] for 
operations, acquisitions, and research, a decrease of 
$4,430,000 below the budget request.
    The Committee recommends a total of $503,330,000 in fiscal 
year 1999 for NWS operations and research. Of this amount, 
$417,237,000 will support local warnings and forecasts. The 
Committee recommends funding radiosonde replacement at the 
fiscal year 1998 level of $910,000. The Committee understands 
that the NWS wants to replace its current radiosonde program. 
Few details of this proposed new program were provided in the 
fiscal year 1999 budget justification. The Committee would be 
willing to entertain a reprogramming request in fiscal year 
1999 for this purpose when requirements for the NWS radiosonde 
replacement network program are defined. Funds are also 
requested for an advanced hydrological prediction system in 
fiscal year 1999. The Committee recommends $4,000,000 for the 
AHPS initiative in fiscal year 1999 and $1,000,000 for the 
Susquehanna River basin flood system. The Committee 
recommendation also provides: $1,650,000 for coastal data 
buoys; $35,596,000 for aviation forecasts; $35,574,000 for 
central forecast guidance; and, $2,964,000 for atmospheric and 
hydrological research. Of the funds provided for operations and 
research in fiscal year 1999, the Committee directs the NWS to 
provide $216,000 to the NOAA Cooperative Institute for Regional 
Prediction at the University of Utah to begin implementation of 
data collection and automated weather station installation in 
preparation for the 2002 Winter Olympic games.
    The ``1995 Secretary's Report to Congress on Adequacy of 
NEXRAD Coverage and Degradation of Weather Services'' requested 
further studies of several sites, including Williston, ND, 
Caribou, ME, and Erie, PA. The review of these sites has been 
completed, but no funding for mitigation at any of these sites 
was included in the fiscal year 1999 request. Since the 
transmittal of the agency's request, no budget amendment has 
been received by the Committee. The Committee has included bill 
language directing the Secretary to implement the 
recommendations included in the mitigation report for Erie, PA, 
Caribou, ME, Williston, ND, and Key West, FL, during fiscal 
year 1999. The Committee has provided funds to begin mitigation 
in fiscal year 1999 at these sites. The Committee expects the 
agency to include funding in subsequent budgets to complete 
this effort. The Committee further directs the NWS to continue 
current operations at these locations until the Secretary's 
mitigation recommendations are completed. In addition, the 
Committee directs the NWS to make appropriate arrangements to 
maintain a local presence for the maintenance of Erie, PA, NOAA 
weather radio antenna.
    As in past years, the Committee expects the NWS to maintain 
and staff the Fort Smith, AR, weather service office [WSO] 
during fiscal year 1999, and that all available forecasting 
data will be provided to the WSO for the dissemination of 
timely tornado warnings. The Committee also directs the NWS to 
construct a weather warning tower at the Caldwell-Hopkins-
Christian county lines in southwestern Kentucky to relay 
warnings to the public.
    The Committee recommends $398,822 to continue the 
partnership between the National Weather Service and the 
Oklahoma Climatological Survey through OK-FIRST. These funds 
are to be used to prepare OK-FIRST to be transitioned to the 
National Severe Storms Laboratory [NSSL] to allow development 
of a nationwide prototype, complete a feasibility study, and 
perform a proof of concept. The Committee expects the NWS to 
continue to operate existing radars at these sites through 
fiscal year 1999. The Committee is also concerned about the 
Jackson, MS, NEXRAD radar which is experiencing blockage. In 
the fiscal year 1998 report, the Committee directed NOAA to 
take steps to mitigate the blockage of this radar. The 
Committee has been advised that NOAA has not determined the 
appropriate course of mitigation at Jackson. The Committee 
directs NOAA to take appropriate steps during fiscal year 1999 
to make this radar fully operational.
    The Committee recommends a total of $62,251,000 for systems 
acquisition in fiscal year 1999. Included in this amount are: 
$38,346,000 for the NEXRAD radar system; $7,116,000 for the 
advanced surface observing system [ASOS]; and $4,600,000 for 
computer facility upgrades. The Committee recommends funds for 
the advanced weather interactive processing system [AWIPS/
NOAAPort] at a level of $12,189,000.
    For the NWS' portion of the ``Procurement, acquisition, and 
construction [PAC]'' account, the Committee recommends 
$90,592,000. This amount includes: $9,170,000 for the NEXRAD 
radar system; $3,855,000 for the ASOS system; $67,667,000 for 
AWIPS/NOAAPort; and $9,900,000 for computer facilities 
upgrades.

    National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

    The Committee recommendation provides funds for the 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 
[NESDIS] at a level of $105,321,000 for fiscal year 1999.
    Of the funds made available in this recommendation for 
fiscal year 1999, $58,486,000 is for satellite observing 
systems, an increase of $3,000,000 above the request and 
$29,861,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. Of this 
amount, $4,000,000 is to continue ocean remote sensing; 
$51,486,000 is for environmental observing systems; and 
$3,000,000 is to continue the wind demonstration pilot project 
at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space 
initiated in fiscal year 1998. The pilot project will continue 
testing ground-based wind profile systems in New Hampshire, 
Mississippi, Hawaii, Alaska, and West Virginia. This pilot 
project shall also include a research program on the use of 
wind data in weather forecasting. NOAA shall report to the 
Committee no later than November 30, 1999, on the results of 
its efforts to develop an interagency program to share the 
costs of the satellite data acquisition beginning in 2002. 
Funding for the converged polar-orbiting operational 
environmental satellite [NPOESS] is transferred from this 
account to the ``Procurement, acquisition, and construction 
[PAC]'' account. The NPOESS converged system is operated by 
NOAA, the Department of Defense, and the National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration. Funding for the geostationary 
operational environmental satellite [GOES] and the current 
series of polar-orbiting satellites [POES] are also funded in 
the PAC account.
    The Committee recommends fiscal year 1999 funding of 
$46,835,000 for environmental data management systems, this 
amount is $2,000,000 above the request. Within this account, 
the Committee recommends a level of $27,500,000 for data and 
information services and $16,335,000 for environmental data 
systems modernization. The Committee directs that $3,000,000 
from available funds be used to fund regional climate centers. 
In fiscal year 1998, the Committee transferred these centers 
from the National Weather Service to NESDIS. The data collected 
and disseminated by these centers can be of benefit to NESDIS 
as well as to the NWS.
    The Committee recommends a total of $459,134,000 for the 
``Procurement, acquisition, and construction [PAC]'' account 
for NESDIS, of which: $150,000,000 is recommended for the 
``Polar K-N'' and $183,550,000 for the ``GOES N-Q'' accounts; 
polar convergence [NPOESS] is funded at a level of $50,000,000; 
and GOES I-M is funded at a level of $75,634,000.
    The Committee is concerned that valuable scientific data 
and information are being lost from Russian scientists and 
their archives. The Committee encourages NOAA to support 
Russian scientists in efforts to rescue and analyze historic 
Earth and ocean science data and to archive these data in 
appropriate NOAA and world data centers.

                            Program Support

    The Committee recommendation provides the requested level 
of $69,250,000 for the NOAA program support functions. This 
level is $1,620,000 less than current year funding.
    The Committee does not concur with the Office of Management 
and Budget's direction to the Department of Commerce to move 
the Systems Acquisition Office [SAO] from NOAA to the 
Department level. NOAA has several major contracts which are 
still pending, and the Committee is concerned that moving all 
personnel to the Department from NOAA may result in a reduced 
level of attention to details of these contracts, which include 
completion of the advanced weather interactive processing 
system [AWIPS] and several satellite systems. The Committee 
recommends funding NOAA's SAO at a level of $700,000 in fiscal 
year 1999. NOAA's budget request assumes approval of the NOAA 
Corps disestablishment legislative package. If this legislation 
is not approved by the end of the 105th Congress, the Committee 
directs the Department to submit a report for submission with 
the fiscal year 2000 request addressing the future of the NOAA 
Corps. The fiscal year 1999 bill maintains the ceiling on NOAA 
Corps officers at the fiscal year 1998 level, and directs NOAA 
to make no further reductions in the Corp and to lift its 
hiring freeze.

                      Coastal Zone Management Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $7,800,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       4,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       4,000,000

    This fund consists of loan repayments arising from the 
former Coastal Energy Impact Program which are transferred to 
the ``Operations, research, and facilities'' account for 
program grants.
    The Committee recommendation includes $4,000,000, as 
requested, from the coastal zone management [CZM] fund for CZM 
program management and other purposes authorized by section 308 
of the Coastal Zone Management Act [CZMA].

                     Fleet Maintenance and Planning

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $13,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   \1\ 9,600,000
Committee recommendation................................      11,600,000

\1\ For comparison this report displays the administration's request 
using the current appropriations account structure.

    The Committee recommendation provides an appropriation of 
$11,600,000 for the ``Fleet maintenance and planning'' account, 
which replaces the former ``Fleet modernization, shipbuilding, 
and conversion'' account. This is a decrease of $1,900,000 from 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation.
    The Committee recommendation includes $2,000,000 for the 
renovation and maintenance of the NOAA T-AGOS vessel 
Relentless. This former Navy vessel is being converted to 
perform fishery and marine mammal surveys in the Gulf of 
Mexico.

                               FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $16,400,000 for NOAA 
facilities during fiscal year 1999. This account includes: 
facilities maintenance funding and space planning; the lease on 
a facility at Sandy Hook, NJ; environmental compliance; Weather 
Forecast Office maintenance; and Columbia River facilities.

               PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION, AND CONSTRUCTION

    Funding for the ``Procurement, acquisition, and 
construction [PAC]'' account has been described in the 
narrative regarding systems acquisition projects associated 
with the major line offices of NOAA, for example, the National 
Weather Service and the National Environmental Satellite, Data, 
and Information Service. The Committee is recommending a total 
of $549,776,000 for the acquisition of systems for these line 
offices.
    For the ``Construction'' account, the Committee recommends 
a total of $38,146,000 of which: $5,670,000 is for above-
standard costs of the Boulder laboratory; $9,526,000 is for 
Weather Forecast Office construction; $850,000 is for the 
National Centers for Environmental Prediction; $4,200,000 is to 
complete the new Santa Cruz laboratory; $8,000,000 is for 
National Estuarine Research Reserve Sanctuary construction; 
$3,000,000 is for equipment, such as the sea water system and 
piping, necessary to complete the Fort Johnson Marine 
Environmental Laboratory; and $1,500,000 is available for the 
Outer Banks Community Foundation on the condition that these 
funds are matched by a non-Federal source. Within the funds 
provided for the Pribilof Islands cleanup, $900,000 shall be 
used for the construction of an outfall pipe on St. George. 
Within PAC funds, the Committee is providing $1,500,000 which 
is intended for the lease payment for the Near Island facility. 
Within the amounts provided for NERRS construction, the 
Committee intends: that $1,500,000 be used for the 
modernization of the Kasitsna Bay Laboratory and the 
construction of offices to serve as the headquarters of the 
Kachemak Bay NERR; and $1,500,000 for land acquisition in the 
ACE basin. Within funds provided under the PAC account, the 
Committee recommends $3,000,000 for New York facilities, 
including $1,000,000 for the Botanical Gardens and $2,000,000 
for the Long Island Aquarium at Bay Shore.

                      Fishermen's Contingency Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................        $953,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................         953,000
Committee recommendation................................         953,000

    The Committee recommends the requested amount of $953,000 
for the fishermen's contingency fund, which is at the level 
appropriated for fiscal year 1998.
    The fishermen's contingency fund provides compensation to 
U.S. fishermen for damage or loss of fishing gear and any 
resulting loss because of natural or man-made obstructions 
related to oil and gas exploration, development, and production 
on the Outer Continental Shelf. The Secretary of Commerce is 
authorized to establish an area account within the fund for any 
area within the Outer Continental Shelf. A holder of a lease, 
permit, easement, or right-of-way in such area is required to 
pay a fee into the appropriate area account in the fund. Each 
area account, if depleted, will be replenished by assessment. 
The authorization stipulates that amounts available in each 
area account can be disbursed only to the extent provided by 
appropriations acts. Since receipts collected may not be 
sufficient for this appropriation, the Committee has included 
language which provides that the sums necessary to eliminate 
the insufficiency may be derived from the general fund of the 
Treasury.

                     Foreign Fishing Observer Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................        $189,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................         189,000
Committee recommendation................................         189,000

    The Committee recommends $189,000 for the foreign fishing 
observer fund for fiscal year 1999.
    Fees paid into the fund are collected from owners and 
operators of certain foreign fishing vessels that fish within 
the U.S. fishery conservation zone. The fund supports salaries 
of U.S. observers and program support personnel, other 
administrative costs, and the cost of data management and 
analysis.

                   fisheries finance program account

Appropriations, 1998....................................        $338,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................         238,000
Committee recommendation................................         388,000

    The Committee recommendation provides $388,000 for the 
fisheries finance program account. This amount is $150,000 
above the fiscal year 1999 request, and $50,000 above the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation. Of the increase, $100,000 is 
provided for entry level and small vessel IFQ obligation 
guarantees in the halibut and sablefish fisheries off Alaska 
pursuant to section 1104A(a)(7) of the Merchant Marine Act of 
1936. These funds are provided in order for IFQ loans to be 
provided in accordance with section 303(d)(4) of the Magnuson-
Stevens Act and section 108(g) of the Sustainable Fisheries 
Act. The remaining $50,000 shall be used to cover the subsidy 
rate for debt obligation of $5,000,000 for the Pacific 
groundfish fishery under section 303 of the Magnuson-Stevens 
Act, which created a mechanism to assist industry-funded vessel 
buy-back programs. This $50,000 shall be made available upon 
the approval of an industry-funded buy-back plan being received 
through a referendum conducted pursuant to section 312 of the 
Magnuson-Stevens Act.

                         General Administration

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $27,490,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      32,187,000
Committee recommendation................................      31,765,000

    This account provides for the Office of the Secretary and 
for staff offices of the Department which assist in the 
formulation of policy, management, and administration.
    The Committee recommendation provides $31,765,000 for the 
Commerce Department's ``Salaries and expenses'' appropriation 
for fiscal year 1999. The Committee provides a $1,000,000 
increase for this account. The Department, at OMB's direction, 
sought to move the Systems Acquisition Office [SAO] from NOAA 
to the Department level in the fiscal year 1999 request. The 
Committee thinks NOAA must retain some of these systems 
acquisition oversight functions, given the number of major 
contracts currently pending in the agency. The Committee is 
aware, however, that the Department has major contracts to 
monitor in relation to the decennial census, and does provide 
an increase to allow the Department to move some personnel from 
NOAA for this purpose. The Committee reminds the Department 
that the NOAA SAO was created in the early 1990's due to 
serious cost overruns on a major satellite contract. Thus, the 
Committee strongly recommends permitting NOAA to retain some of 
these functions.

                    Office of the Inspector General

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $20,140,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      21,662,000
Committee recommendation................................      20,662,000

    This appropriation account provides for salaries and 
expenses of the Office of the Inspector General in support of 
its efforts to enhance efficiency and detect fraud, waste, and 
abuse in Commerce Department programs and operations.
    The Committee recommends $20,662,000 for the Commerce 
Department's Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 
1999.

               General Provisions--Department of Commerce

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce that were included in the fiscal 
year 1997 appropriations act (Public Law 103-317). Sections 201 
through 207 are continuations of language included in previous 
appropriations acts.
    Section 201 makes Commerce Department funds available for 
advanced payments only upon certification of officials 
designated by the Secretary that such payments are considered 
to be in the public interest.
    Section 202 makes appropriations for salaries and expenses 
available for the hire of passenger motor vehicles, and for 
services, uniforms, and allowances as authorized by law.
    Section 203 prohibits any funds to be used to support 
hurricane reconnaissance aircraft and activities that are under 
the control of the U.S. Air Force or the U.S. Air Force 
Reserve.
    Section 204 prohibits the use of Commerce Department funds 
in this or any previous act from being used for the purpose of 
reimbursing the unemployment trust fund or any other account of 
the Treasury to pay unemployment compensation for temporary 
census workers for services performed after April 20, 1990.
    Section 205 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts. The 
language provides that no account may be decreased by more than 
5 percent or increased by more than 10 percent. The language 
also makes the transfers subject to the Committee's standard 
reprogramming procedures.
    Section 206 requires that any costs related to personnel 
actions incurred by a department or agency funded in title II 
of the accompanying act be absorbed within the total budgetary 
resources available to such department or agency.
    Section 207 was included in Public Law 104-208, the Omnibus 
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997, allowing the Secretary 
to award contracts for certain mapping and charting activities 
in accordance with the Federal Property and Administrative 
Services Act.
    Section 208 would create a smaller executive committee 
within the North Pacific Research Board that would be comprised 
of five board members and would be responsible for making the 
decisions of the board. The 19-member board, as a whole, would 
serve in an advisory capacity to this executive committee.

                        TITLE III--THE JUDICIARY

    The funds provided in title III of the accompanying bill 
are for the operation and maintenance of the U.S. courts and 
include the salaries of judges, magistrates, supporting 
personnel, and other expenses of the Federal judiciary.
    The Committee recommends a total of $3,607,586,000 for 
fiscal year 1999 for the judiciary. The recommendation is 
$143,951,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$199,274,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee 
is aware that a total of $318,805,000 in fees, reimbursables, 
and carryover is available in various accounts across the 
title.
    Steady growth in costs associated with Defender Services, 
court security, and pay and benefits at a time of declining 
resources is putting serious pressure on the judiciary budget. 
The Committee urges the judiciary to make every effort to 
contain mandatory costs.

                   Supreme Court of the United States

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $32,645,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      36,966,000
Committee recommendation................................      36,930,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $36,930,000 for the 
Supreme Court of the United States for fiscal year 1999. The 
total amount is provided in two separate appropriation accounts 
as follows:

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $29,245,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      31,095,000
Committee recommendation................................      31,059,000

    The Committee recommends $31,059,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the salaries and expenses of the Justices, their supporting 
personnel, and the costs of operating the Supreme Court, 
excluding the care of the building and grounds. The 
recommendation is $1,814,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $36,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. A 
cost-of-living adjustment for the Justices is addressed by 
section 304.

                    Care of the building and grounds

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $3,400,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       5,871,000
Committee recommendation................................       5,871,000

    The Committee recommends $5,871,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for personnel and other services relating to the Supreme Court 
building and grounds, which is supervised by the Architect of 
the Capitol. The recommendation is $2,471,000 above the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and identical to the fiscal year 1999 
request.

             U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $15,575,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      16,828,000
Committee recommendation................................      15,631,000

    The Committee recommends $15,631,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the salaries and expenses of the U.S. Court of Appeals for 
the Federal Circuit. The recommendation is $56,000 above the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $1,197,000 below the fiscal 
year 1999 request. The reduction in this account is done 
without prejudice. Certain mandatory increases for judicial 
officers are provided. A cost-of-living adjustment for the 
judges is addressed by section 304.

                   U.S. Court of International Trade

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $11,449,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      11,822,000
Committee recommendation................................      11,483,000

    The Committee recommends $11,483,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the salaries and expenses of the U.S. Court of 
International Trade. The recommendation is $34,000 above the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $339,000 below the fiscal 
year 1999 request. The reduction in this account is done 
without prejudice. Certain mandatory increases for judicial 
officers are provided. A cost-of-living adjustment for the 
judges is addressed by section 304. The Committee is aware that 
carryover funds are available to address critical automation 
requirements.

    Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $2,722,400,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   3,008,723,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,808,516,000

    This account provides for the salaries of judges, 
magistrates, and all other officers and employees of the 
Federal judiciary not otherwise provided for, and for all 
necessary expenses, including charges for space and facilities.
    The Committee recommends a total of $2,808,516,000 for 
fiscal year 1999 for salaries and expenses of the Courts of 
Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services. The 
recommendation is $86,116,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $200,207,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. The recommendation reflects a refinement of 
anticipated funding requirements. In addition, as noted at the 
beginning of the title, the Committee understands that up to 
$318,805,000 in carryover, reimbursables, and fees will be 
available to apply to this account, if necessary. Certain 
mandatory increases for judicial officers are provided. A cost-
of-living adjustment for judges is addressed by section 304.
    The Committee recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

     Courts of appeals, district courts, and other judicial services

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
Appeals court:                                            recommendation
    Judicial officers:
        Article III judges:
            Active............................................    24,108
            Senior............................................    16,715
    Court staff:
        Article III judges' staff.............................    44,257
        Circuit executives....................................    15,417
        Clerks offices........................................    28,131
        Staff and preargument attorneys.......................    31,339
        Librarians............................................    12,298
        Bankruptcy appellate panels...........................     1,730
        National integrated bankruptcy system [NIBS]..........       604
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................   174,599
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
District courts:
    Judicial officers:
        Article III judges:
            Active............................................    92,298
            Senior............................................    54,830
        Magistrate judges.....................................    64,124
        Court of Federal claims judges........................     2,135
    Court staff:
        Article III judges' staff.............................   126,214
        Magistrate judges' staff..............................    43,962
        Federal claims judges' staff..........................     2,346
        District executives...................................       722
        Clerks offices........................................   261,996
        Court reporters.......................................    40,239
        Court interpreters....................................     5,324
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................   694,190
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Bankruptcy courts:
    Judicial officers: Bankruptcy judges......................    49,812
    Court staff:
        Bankruptcy judges' staff..............................    29,903
        Clerks................................................   223,768
        Bankruptcy administrators.............................     3,116
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................   306,599
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Probation/pretrial services:
    Investigations and supervision............................   472,675
    Drug dependent offenders..................................    32,516
    Mental health.............................................     2,773
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................   507,964
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Services, supplies, and equipment.............................   484,096
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Rental payment to GSA.........................................   650,205
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Fiscal year 1999 initiatives:
    Courtroom technology......................................     2,612
    Courtroom utilization study...............................     3,000
    State Justice Institute...................................     7,150
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................    12,762
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Spending reductions:
    Judges' travel............................................     2,340
    Section 304...............................................     6,797
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................     9,137
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, courts........................................... 2,808,516

    The Committee recommendations are displayed in more detail 
in the following paragraphs.
    Courtroom technology.--U.S. attorneys, in cooperation with 
a number of courts, have been experimenting with portable, off-
the-shelf video and computer equipment for courtroom 
proceedings. Besides improving the presentation of evidence, 
the equipment rapidly accelerated the pace of trials. Users 
found that they saved the equivalent of 1 trial day in every 5 
using video and computer equipment. The impact this could have 
on backlogs common to Federal court dockets is profound. Within 
available funds, the Committee recommendation includes 
$2,612,000 for courtroom technology. The amount provided is for 
pilot projects in 10 districts or circuits. To ensure hardware 
and software standardization, the Administrative Office of the 
U.S. Courts [AO] is directed to coordinate its investments with 
the Executive Office of the U.S. Attorneys [EOUSA]. The 
Committee expects the AO to report to the Committees on 
Appropriations on its courtroom technology efforts not later 
than February 1, 1999.
    Courtroom utilization study.--The Judiciary is seeking 
$500,000,000 in new courtroom space in fiscal year 1999 at the 
very time when the Appropriations Committee is struggling to 
provide adequate funds to maintain current services across the 
Government. Before undertaking a major construction program, 
the Committee believes that a thorough and objective analysis 
of courtroom sharing should be conducted. At a minimum, the 
study should examine: (1) existing courtroom sharing systems 
and data; (2) current and projected caseloads; (3) current and 
projected judgeships and staffing levels; (4) costs and 
benefits of altering the courtroom per judge ratio; (5) 
prioritization of new and expanded court construction requests 
based on clearly defined measures of need; (6) costs and 
benefits of funding court space versus other Federal space 
requirements; and (7) development of a facilities management 
plan that can be incorporated into the courthouse planning 
process. Within available funds, the Committee recommends 
$3,000,000 for this study with the expectation that it will be 
undertaken by a competitively selected contractor. The 
Committee directs the contractor to consult with the Committees 
on Appropriations, the Administrative Office of the U.S. 
Courts, the Office of Management and Budget, and the General 
Services Administration on developing the parameters of the 
study.
    Spending decreases.--The Committee recommendation holds 
court support to fiscal year 1998 funding levels, with further 
adjustments noted below. The reductions in this account are 
made without prejudice.
    Judges' travel.--A recent General Accounting Office report 
raised questions about the propriety of judges' travel. At the 
same time, videoconferencing equipment is increasingly 
widespread and the Federal Judicial Center has inaugurated its 
distance learning program. The Committee recommendation reduces 
judges' travel funds by 20 percent from fiscal year 1998 
levels.
    Automation.--There is no staff model for law clerks and 
secretaries, and judicial conference staffing standards have 
not been updated since 1979. This lapse fails to account for 
the marked increases in office productivity and efficiency 
attributable to automation. Similarly, electronic filing and 
other automation advances have revolutionized clerks' offices. 
Finally, online services and computer literate chambers staff 
have radically altered the need for library services. The 
Committee recommendation adjusts downward the request for 
support staff to reflect modern capabilities and requirements.
    The Committee supports efforts of the judiciary to make 
information available to the public electronically, and expects 
that available balances from public access fees in the 
judiciary automation fund will be used to enhance availability 
of public access.
    The Committee has added a new provision in the bill 
concerning the State Justice Institute.

               The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $2,450,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       2,515,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,515,000

    The Committee recommends a reimbursement of $2,515,000 for 
fiscal year 1999 from the special fund to cover expenses of the 
claims court associated with processing cases under the 
National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. The 
recommendation is $65,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and identical to the fiscal year 1999 request.

                           Defender Services

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $329,529,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     360,952,000
Committee recommendation................................     360,952,000

    This account funds the operations of the Federal public 
defender and community defender organizations and the 
compensation, reimbursement, and expenses of attorneys 
appointed to represent persons under the Criminal Justice Act, 
as amended.
    The Committee recommends $360,952,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for defender services. The recommendation is $31,423,000 above 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and identical to the fiscal 
year 1999 request. In addition, as noted at the beginning of 
the the title, the Committee understands that up to 
$318,805,000 in carryover, reimbursables, and fees will be 
available to apply to this account, if necessary.
    Capital representations.--Alarmed by the disproportionate 
claim on limited resources being made by a small but growing 
number of capital representations, the fiscal year 1998 
conference report directed the Administrative Office of the 
U.S. Courts [AO] to undertake a study to identify the reasons 
for cost growth in defender services and to offer solutions for 
containing costs. The study found that, ``the average annual 
cost per [capital] representation ran 25 to 40 times the 
average annual cost of a noncapital representation.'' The 
result is that, ``while capital and capital habeas cases 
comprise only 1 percent of representations, they account for 
almost 15 percent of total program costs and over 30 percent of 
the increase in [defender services] costs.'' The Committee 
directs the AO to report quarterly, beginning December 1, 1998, 
on its success in implementing the cost containment 
recommendations included in the study. In addition, the 
Committee directs the AO to report on the costs and benefits of 
reviving postconviction defender organizations at the State or 
Federal level not later than December 31, 1998.

                    Fees Of Jurors And Commissioners

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $64,438,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      68,173,000
Committee recommendation................................      68,721,000

    The Committee recommends $68,721,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the fees and allowances of grand and petit jurors and for 
the compensation of land commissioners and jury commissioners. 
The recommendation is $4,283,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $548,000 above the fiscal year 1999 request. 
The recommendation reflects a refined estimate of requirements 
and fully funds fees of jurors.

                             Court Security

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $167,214,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     179,055,000
Committee recommendation................................     176,873,000

    This account provides for the necessary expenses of 
security and protective services for the U.S. courts in 
courtrooms and adjacent areas. Funds under this account may be 
used directly or transferred to the U.S. Marshals Service, 
which has been delegated authority for the contracting of guard 
services and the acquisition of security equipment.
    The Committee recommends $176,873,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for court security. The recommendation is $9,659,000 above the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $2,182,000 below the fiscal 
year 1999 request. The recommendation reflects a refined 
estimate by the U.S. Marshals Service of court security 
requirements and fully funds court security personnel and 
equipment. The amount provided includes one additional court 
security officer for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal 
Circuit.

                Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $52,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      56,156,000
Committee recommendation................................      54,682,000

    This appropriation provides funds for the administration 
and management of the U.S. courts, including the probation and 
bankruptcy systems, but excluding the Supreme Court.
    The Committee recommends $54,682,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the salaries and expenses of the Administrative Office of 
the U.S. Courts [AO]. The recommendation is $2,682,000 above 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $1,474,000 below the 
fiscal year 1999 request. The recommendation provides most of 
the requested base adjustments for this account.

                        Federal Judicial Center

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $17,495,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      18,470,000
Committee recommendation................................      17,716,000

    The Federal Judicial Center improves the management of 
Federal judicial dockets and court administration through 
education for judges and staff and research, evaluation, and 
planning assistance for the courts and the judicial conference.
    The Committee recommends $17,716,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the salaries and expenses of the Federal Judicial Center. 
The recommendation is $221,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $754,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. 
The recommendation provides the requested base adjustments for 
this account.

                       Judicial Retirement Funds

                    Payment To Judiciary Trust Funds

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $34,200,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      37,300,000
Committee recommendation................................      37,300,000

    These funds cover the estimated annuity payments to be made 
to retired bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges, claims 
court judges, and spouses and dependent children of deceased 
judicial officers.
    The Committee recommends $37,300,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the payment to the judicial officers' retirement fund, the 
judicial survivors' annuities fund, and the claims court 
judges' retirement fund. The recommendation is $3,100,000 above 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and identical to the fiscal 
year 1999 request.

                       U.S. Sentencing Commission

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $9,240,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       9,900,000
Committee recommendation................................       9,374,000

    The purpose of the Commission is to establish, review, and 
revise sentencing guidelines, policies, and practices for the 
Federal criminal justice system. The Commission is also 
required to monitor the operation of the guidelines and to 
identify and report necessary changes to the Congress.
    The Committee recommends $9,374,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the salaries and expenses of the U.S. Sentencing 
Commission. The recommendation is $134,000 above the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $526,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. The recommendation provides the requested base 
adjustments for this account.

                   General Provisions--The Judiciary

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the judiciary, all of which were included in previous 
appropriations acts.
    Section 301 permits funds for salaries and expenses for the 
judiciary to be available for employment of experts and 
consultant services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109.
    Section 302 permits up to 10 percent of any appropriation 
made available for fiscal year 1999 to be transferred between 
judiciary appropriation accounts with the proviso that no 
appropriation shall be decreased by more than 10 percent or 
increased by more than 20 percent by any such transfer. In 
addition, the language provides that any such transfer shall be 
treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 in the 
general provisions of the accompanying bill and shall not be 
available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance 
with the procedures set forth in that section.
    Section 303 limits official reception and representation 
expenses incurred by the Judicial Conference of the United 
States to no more than $10,000.
    Section 304 authorizes a cost-of-living adjustment for 
Justices and judges in fiscal year 1999.

           TITLE IV--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,501,628,000 for 
fiscal year 1999 for the Department of State. The 
recommendation is $467,378,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $264,880,000 above the fiscal year 1999 
request.
    Historically, the Department has emphasized staffing levels 
at the expense of investments in technology and infrastructure. 
The Committee recommendation continues the reversal of this 
trend. Technology and infrastructure accounts have received the 
maximum funding deemed prudent.
    Government Performance and Review Act.--The Committee 
recommends no changes within the bill based on the performance 
plans which are a result of the Government Performance and 
Review Act. The General Accounting Office found that the 
Department's plan falls short of providing the information 
needed to support decisionmaking. The plan did not provide a 
clear description of expected results, how the goals are to be 
achieved, and what level of resources are required. These same 
weaknesses were identified in the Department's strategic plan 
issued on September 27, 1997. The Committee expects the 
Department to address these issues. The Committee urges the 
Department to follow the recommendations of the General 
Accounting Office in preparation of its fiscal year 2000 plan. 
Next year, the Department will have had 2 years to implement 
and perfect its plan. The Committee will use this plan in 
making recommendations for fiscal year 2000.

                   Administration of Foreign Affairs

                    diplomatic and consular programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $1,730,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,691,282,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,685,794,000

    This appropriation account provides for the formulation and 
execution of U.S. foreign policy, including the conduct of 
diplomatic and consular relations with foreign countries, 
diplomatic relations with international organizations, and 
related activities. This account primarily funds the overseas 
programs and operations of the Department of State.
    The Committee recommends $1,685,794,000 for fiscal year 
1999 for diplomatic and consular programs. The recommendation 
is $44,206,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$5,488,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. Within the 
amount provided, the Committee recommendation includes $250,000 
to support the United States' Chairmanship of the Arctic 
Council, $40,000 for the Bering Straits Commission, $500,000 
for the Multilateral High Level Conference, and $500,000 for 
the National Law Center for Inter-American Free Trade.
    The Committee recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

Diplomatic and consular programs

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

Office of the Secretary.......................................    18,987
Personnel complements [long-term training]....................    13,886
Political-military affairs....................................    25,987
Office of Protocol............................................     4,970
Oceans/international environmental/scientific affairs.........    12,179
Office of the Legal Adviser...................................    21,731
Economic and business affairs.................................    17,918
Intelligence and research.....................................    27,195
African affairs...............................................   143,651
Near Eastern affairs..........................................    95,684
East Asian and Pacific affairs................................   144,759
South Asian affairs...........................................    31,712
Inter-American affairs........................................   161,105
European and Canadian affairs.................................   353,645
International organization affairs............................    37,949
Bureau of Consular Affairs....................................    42,741
Office of Finance and Management Policy.......................     9,340
FSN separation liability trust fund...........................     5,958
Office of Medical Services....................................    15,664
Foreign Service Institute.....................................    54,956
Democracy, human rights, and labor............................     6,259
Office of Administration......................................   100,921
Diplomatic security...........................................   144,267
International criminal justice................................       978
Counterterrorism R&D..........................................;     1,800
Diplomatic telecommunications.................................    43,077
Office of Chief Information Officer...........................    60,373
Population, refugees, and migration...........................       626
Office of Foreign Missions....................................     3,075
Post assignment travel........................................    64,401
CSRS/FERS transition..........................................    15,000
ICASS shortfall...............................................     5,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Total, diplomatic and consular programs................. 1,685,794

    The Committee recommendations displayed in the table above 
are described in more detail in the following paragraphs.
    China 2000.--This initiative is designed to bolster our 
diplomatic presence in China after years of neglect. The 
Committee recommendation includes $6,000,000 for China 2000, as 
requested. The Committee presumes that the entire amount will 
be dedicated to language training, infrastructure improvements, 
and repair of U.S. facilities in China. The Department is 
cautioned not to send personnel to China without prior language 
training, including junior officers and employees in 
nonlanguage designated positions. The Committee expects to be 
consulted prior to the release of these funds.
    Overseas staffing.--Committee recommendation lifts the 
hiring freeze in place for the last several years and includes 
$6,870,000 for 64 additional overseas positions, all dedicated 
to diplomatic and consular relations. The Committee expects to 
be consulted prior to the deployment of these new employees. No 
funds may be spent for nonreimbursable details, details to 
nongovernmental organizations, or details as faculty advisers 
until the Secretary certifies that Embassy manning is at 100 
percent of the requirements set by the overseas staffing model.
    Spending decreases.--The Committee recommendation holds 
Washington-based bureaus and department leadership in overseas 
bureaus to fiscal year 1998 funding levels, and eliminates 
funding for two new starts: support to diplomatic operations 
and antiterrorism emergency fund. The latter is a contingency 
fund. The Committee recommendation also eliminates funding for 
public and legislative affairs outside of the bureaus 
immediately responsible for those activities. The Department's 
share of the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust 
Assets in the United States has been accommodated by adjusting 
the budget of the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs.
    Continuing language education.--Language skills are central 
to the effectiveness of State Department employees abroad, 
regardless of assignment. As important, language skills ensure 
dependents are not overwhelmed by feelings of isolation and 
alienation, resulting in lowered post morale. The Committee is 
aware that posts are eliminating continuing language education 
programs as an austerity measure. Within available funds, the 
Committee recommendation assumes $5,000,000 is available only 
for continuing language education programs for both employees 
and dependents at posts worldwide. Language classes should also 
be open to non-State Department (Federal) employees on a space 
available, reimbursable basis. The Committee looks forward to a 
final accounting of how these funds were distributed and would 
welcome a reprogramming if the funds provided prove inadequate 
to the task.
    Census 2000.--The Committee understands that Americans 
living overseas are not included in the plans for census 2000. 
The Committee directs the Department to provide the necessary 
information to the Bureau of the Census so that Americans 
living abroad may be contacted for participation in census 
2000.
    International Cooperative Administrative Support Services 
[ICASS] Program.--The Committee understands that the 
participation of the Foreign Agricultural Service [FAS] in the 
ICASS program has not been funded. If this is the case, the 
Department of State, through individual Ambassadors, is 
directed to prohibit FAS personnel from using Department 
facilities or housing for the purposes of carrying out their 
duties. FAS staff shall be welcome at posts only when the 
Department of Agriculture abides by the terms of the ICASS 
program.
    The Committee has continued language in the bill, requested 
by the administration, which: (1) permits up to $4,000,000 in 
amounts made available in the ``Diplomatic and consular 
programs'' account to be transferred to the ``Emergencies in 
the Diplomatic and Consular Service'' account for evacuations 
and terrorism rewards; (2) extends MRV fees; (3) provides that 
not to exceed $700,000 in registration fees collected pursuant 
to section 45 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act for 
activities of the Office of Defense Trade Controls; and (4) 
provides that not to exceed $15,000 from reimbursements, 
surcharges, and fees for use of Blair House facilities in 
accordance with the State Department Basic Authorities Act. A 
new provision provides additional resources to the East-West 
Center, also funded elsewhere in this title.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $363,513,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     367,778,000
Committee recommendation................................     349,474,000

    This appropriation provides for the management, 
administrative, and support functions of the Department of 
State, including the Office of the Secretary.
    The Committee recommends $349,474,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for salaries and expenses. The recommendation is $14,039,000 
below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $18,304,000 below 
the fiscal year 1999 request. With the exceptions noted below, 
funding in this account is equal to fiscal year 1998 levels. 
This action is taken without prejudice.
    The Committee recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

Salaries and expenses

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

Legislative affairs...........................................     4,549
Personnel complements (long-term training)....................    12,099
Office of Public Affairs......................................     9,976
Management....................................................     3,889
Bureau of Personnel...........................................    44,846
Office of Secretary...........................................    19,413
Office of Finance and Management Policy.......................    34,460
Office of Administration......................................   104,267
Diplomatic security...........................................    78,409
Office of Chief Information Officer...........................    37,566
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Total, salaries and expenses............................   349,474

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    Spending increases.--The Committee recommendation fully 
funds long-term training. Department leadership funding in the 
Offices of Chief Information Officer and Finance and Management 
Policy is equal to fiscal year 1998 levels, but other mandatory 
increases are provided. Of the funds provided for legislative 
affairs, $200,000 is only for travel.
    Main State renovation.--The Committee recommendation 
transfers funding for main State renovation from the Office of 
Administration to security and maintenance of U.S. missions.

                        Capital Investment Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $86,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     118,340,000
Committee recommendation................................     118,340,000

    This account provides resources for desperately needed 
investments in information and communications systems. The 
Department's information systems are totally inadequate to meet 
critical mission requirements. Overseas, about 55 percent of 
radio equipment, 45 percent of computer equipment, and 45 
percent of telephone systems are obsolete.
    The Committee recommends $118,340,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the capital investment fund. The recommendation is 
$32,340,000 above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
identical to the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee is concerned about the ability of the State 
Department to bring its financial, accounting, real property 
management, and logistics systems into year 2000 compliance by 
December 31, 1999. The Committee would welcome, if necessary, a 
reprogramming of funds to ensure that upgrades to the 
Department of State's core management systems are completed in 
time.
    The Committee recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

Capital investment fund

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

Technology infrastructure:
    Year 2000 compliance......................................     9,031
    Computer modernization....................................    36,731
    Core management systems...................................     9,074
    Messaging: cables/e-mail..................................    13,700
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................    68,536
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Diplomatic Telecommunications Service.........................    18,340
Applications and software development.........................    27,364
Training and project management...............................     4,100
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Total, capital investment fund..........................   118,340

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    Computer modernization.--The Department has embarked upon a 
two-part strategy for addressing year 2000 compliance. One part 
involves replacing proprietary, obsolete legacy systems. This 
is doubly beneficial in that: (1) exorbitant costs to modify 
and maintain antiquated systems are avoided, and (2) 
operational effectiveness and productivity are improved. The 
Committee recommendation recognizes this initiative as the 
single most important in the State Department's request.
    Applications and software development.--The second part of 
the year 2000 compliance strategy involves adapting software, 
where cost effective, in high-end systems with prohibitive 
replacement costs. These critical systems include personnel, 
finance, real property management, and logistics, and will 
serve both the State Department and, where feasible, the U.S. 
Information Agency.
    Training and program management.--New equipment is 
worthless unless the user is fully trained. Similarly, proper 
management and scheduling can significantly reduce the 
disruptiveness of installations on post activities. State will 
install new unclassified systems in over 80 posts in fiscal 
year 1999, down from 100 posts in fiscal year 1998, and will 
accelerate the modernization of classified systems.

                      Office Of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $27,495,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      28,717,000
Committee recommendation................................      27,495,000

    The Committee recommends $27,495,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the Office of the Inspector General. The recommendation is 
identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $1,222,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request.

                       Representation Allowances

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $4,200,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       4,300,000
Committee recommendation................................       6,500,000

    Representation allowances: (1) provide partial 
reimbursement to Foreign Service officers for expenditures 
incurred in their official capacities abroad in establishing 
and maintaining relations with officials of foreign governments 
and appropriate members of local communities, and (2) fund 
representation functions conducted by senior administration 
officials in support of U.S. foreign policy goals.
    The Committee recommends $6,500,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for representation allowances. The recommendation is $2,300,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $2,200,000 above 
the fiscal year 1999 request. The increase in this account is 
attributable to the transfer of representation funds previously 
provided under emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular 
Service to this account. The Committee recommendation 
consolidates all representation funding in this account.

              Protection Of Foreign Missions And Officials

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $7,900,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       8,100,000
Committee recommendation................................       7,900,000

    This account reimburses local governments and communities 
for the extraordinary costs incurred in providing protection 
for international organizations, foreign missions and 
officials, and foreign dignitaries under certain circumstances.
    The Committee recommends $7,900,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for protection of foreign missions and officials. The 
recommendation is identical to the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $200,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Committee directs that local jurisdictions which incur 
such costs submit a certified billing for such costs in 
accordance with program regulations. The Committee also 
recommends that in those circumstances where a local 
jurisdiction will realize a financial benefit from a visit from 
a foreign dignitary through increased tax revenues, that such 
circumstances should be taken into account by the Department in 
assessing the need for reimbursement under this program. The 
Committee expects the Department to treat such submissions 
diligently and provide reimbursement to local jurisdictions on 
a timely basis if claims are fully justified.

               Security And Maintenance Of u.s. Missions

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $404,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     640,800,000
Committee recommendation................................     550,832,000

    This account provides the funding that allows the 
Department to manage U.S. Government real property in over 200 
countries worth an estimated $12,500,000,000 and to maintain 
almost 14,000 residential, office, and functional properties, 
not only for the Department of State, but for all U.S. 
employees overseas.
    The Committee recommends $550,832,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for security and maintenance of U.S. missions. The 
recommendation is $146,832,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $89,968,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. As in the past, funds shall be disbursed only after 
consultation with the Committees on Appropriations.
    The Committee recognizes that the family is instrumental in 
assuring the efficiency, productivity, and morale of overseas 
employees. Personnel distracted by chronic housing problems are 
not focused on advancing U.S. interests abroad. The Committee 
believes that it can best support the families of overseas 
employees, and the employees themselves, by ensuring that every 
post has adequate housing and recreational facilities.
    The Committee recommendations by project or program are 
displayed in the following table:

Security and maintenance of U.S. missions

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

Capital Program:
    Housing:
        Acquisition: Vladivostok, Russia......................    14,000
        Design/construction:
            Berlin, Germany...................................    11,500
            Shanghai, China...................................    27,400
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

              Subtotal, housing...............................    52,900
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
    Facilities:
        Construction: Shenyang, China--recreation facility....       300
        Design:
            Beijing, China--chancery..........................    14,500
            Berlin, Germany--chancery.........................    10,000
        Repair/renovation: Main State.........................     7,561
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal, facilities................................    32,361
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Leasehold Program.............................................   119,898
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Functional programs:
    Buyout of uneconomic leases...............................    42,650
    Physical security upgrade.................................    17,800
    Safety and fire programs..................................     8,505
    Energy, conservation, and investment......................     3,700
    Power Support Program.....................................     5,291
    Seismic Program...........................................       675
    Post communications support...............................    15,000
    Environmental services....................................     2,670
    Maintenance of buildings..................................    66,225
    Facility rehabilitation...................................    64,450
    Facility maintenance assistance...........................    40,122
    Interior planning, design, and furnishings................     8,877
    Program execution.........................................    32,079
    Construction security.....................................    18,284
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................   326,328
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Administration................................................    19,345
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Total, security and maintenance.........................   550,832

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    China.--The Committee recommendation provides $27,400,000 
to construct high quality, Western-style houses in Shanghai. 
The Committee recommendation also provides $14,500,000 to build 
a new chancery in Beijing on the Liang Ma He site. Because the 
construction contract for the chancery will not be awarded 
until well into fiscal year 2000, funding for fiscal year 1999 
has been limited to design. The Committee fully expects the 
State Department to request construction funding next year, 
barring an unforeseen delay in the schedule. Finally, the 
Committee recommendation provides $300,000 for a small 
recreation facility in Shenyang. The Committee recommendation 
assumes that land parcels in Shenyang and Guangzhou will be 
acquired in fiscal year 1999 using available resources.
    Germany.--The Committee recommends $11,500,000 for the 
repair and renovation of housing in Berlin, including 37 houses 
in the Pueckler complex and 2 other houses that suffered severe 
water damage. Repairs to the remaining Pueckler houses, villas, 
and the so-called Duck Pond houses shall be funded out of 
available resources. The Committee expects the Embassy in Bonn 
to have transferred the maintenance and repair personnel 
necessary to undertake the housing renovations not later than 
October 1, 1998. The Committee recommendation also provides 
$10,000,000 for the Berlin chancery. Because the construction 
contract for the chancery will not be awarded until well into 
fiscal year 2000, funding for fiscal year 1999 has been limited 
to design. The Committee fully expects the State Department to 
request construction funding next year, barring some unforeseen 
schedule delay.
    Facility rehabilitation.--Well maintained plumbing, 
electrical, heating, air-conditioning, facades, and windows 
must be replaced on a cyclical basis. Presently, the Department 
has a backlog of 77 major rehabilitation projects totaling 
$290,000,000. The fiscal year 1999 request would partially fund 
31 projects. There is no greater priority in this account than 
guarding the massive investment the American taxpayers have 
made in overseas facilities. The Committee recommendation 
provides $64,450,000 for facility rehabilitation as the 
downpayment on a 5-year plan to totally eliminate the backlog 
of major rehabilitation projects. The Committee expects State 
to budget accordingly in the out-years.
    Facility maintenance assistance.--An aggressive preventive 
maintenance program ensures maximum return on taxpayer 
investment in overseas facilities. The Committee recommendation 
provides $40,122,000 for facility maintenance assistance to 
expand both State's preventive maintenance program and the 
successful facility maintenance specialist program.
    Buyout of uneconomic leases.--High lease costs are a drain 
on Department resources. The Committee supports efforts by 
State to selectively acquire properties in cities with volatile 
rental markets, thus generating significant out-year savings. 
The Committee recommendation provides $42,650,000 for 
opportunity purchases.
    Post communications support.--This subaccount funds the 
replacement of obsolete telephone equipment with year 2000 
compliant systems at U.S. Government-owned and long-term leased 
facilities overseas. At present, State has unfunded 
requirements at 47 priority posts totaling $68,000,000. The 
fiscal year 1999 request would fund telephone upgrades at four 
posts, a pace of modernization that is unacceptably slow. 
Therefore, the Committee recommendation provides $15,000,000 to 
accelerate telephone installations overseas.
    Marine security guards.--The Committee recommendation does 
not include funding to expand the number of Embassies with 
marine security guards. Instead, the requested amount of 
$12,800,000 shall only be used to repair and improve existing 
marine houses and posts. The funds required to implement the 
expansion of a 24-hour marine presence to an additional 11 
Embassies shall be derived from available resources.
    Overseas real estate.--Contrary to expectation, State has 
shown marked improvement in its asset management program. The 
Committee commends the Department and looks forward to 
continued prompt disposal of excess real estate when market 
conditions permit.
    Main State renovation.--The Committee recommendation 
transfers $7,561,000 for main State renovation from salaries 
and expenses to this account.
    The Committee recommendation includes a provision carried 
in the bill in previous years which prohibits funds from being 
used for acquisition of furniture and furnishings and 
generators for other departments and agencies. A new provision 
gives the Department the authority to spend security and 
maintenance funds on main State renovation.

           Emergencies In The Diplomatic And Consular Service

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $5,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       5,500,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,500,000

    This account provides resources for the Department of State 
to meet emergency requirements while conducting foreign 
affairs. The Committee recommendation provides funds for: (1) 
travel and subsistence expenses for relocation of American, 
U.S. Government employees and their families from troubled 
areas to the United States and/or safe-haven posts; (2) 
allowances granted to State Department employees and their 
dependents evacuated to the United States for the convenience 
of the Government; and (3) payment of rewards for information 
concerning terrorist and narcoterrorist activities.
    The Committee recommends $3,500,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service. The 
recommendation is $2,000,000 below the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 request.
    Previously, the representation expenses of senior 
administration officials were paid out of this account. The 
Committee recommendation consolidates all representation 
funding under representation allowances. The reduction from the 
request for the ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular 
Service'' account reflects this transfer of resources. The 
remaining funds are intended for emergencies.
    The Committee has continued a provision permitting up to 
$1,000,000 to be transferred from this account to the 
``Repatriation loans program'' account to ensure an adequate 
level of resources is available for loans to American citizens 
in distress. The Committee also has continued a provision under 
the ``Diplomatic and consular affairs'' account permitting up 
to $4,000,000 to be transferred from that account to the 
``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service'' account 
to ensure adequate funds are available for evacuations and 
terrorism rewards.

                   Repatriation Loans Program Account

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $1,200,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       1,200,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,000,000

    This account provides emergency loans to assist destitute 
Americans abroad who have no other source of funds to return to 
the United States.
    The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the ``Repatriation loans program'' account as authorized by 
22 U.S.C. 2671. The recommendation is $200,000 below the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 request.
    Too often, the repatriation loans program provides a free 
ticket home for those showing poor judgment. The Committee has 
neither the desire nor the resources to subsidize 
irresponsibility when less than 20 percent of loans are ever 
repaid. The Committee strongly endorses efforts by consular 
services to limit assistance only to victims of unforeseen 
circumstances or travelers whose mental instability presents a 
risk to themselves or others.
    The Committee has continued a provision under emergencies 
in the Diplomatic and Consular Service permitting up to 
$1,000,000 to be transferred from that account to the 
Repatriation Loans Program to ensure an adequate level of 
resources is available for citizens in distress.

              Payment To The American Institute In Taiwan

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $14,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      16,426,000
Committee recommendation................................      14,490,000

    The Taiwan Relations Act requires that programs concerning 
Taiwan be carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan [AIT] 
and authorizes funds to be appropriated to the Secretary of 
State to carry out the provisions of the act. The Institute 
administers programs in the areas of economic and commercial 
services, cultural affairs, travel services, and logistics. The 
Department of State contracts with the American Institute in 
Taiwan to carry out these activities.
    The Committee recommends $14,490,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for payment to the American Institute in Taiwan. The 
recommendation is $490,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $1,936,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. The Committee recommendation assumes that $11,200,000 
in fees and reimbursements will be available to the Institute.
    An inspector general [IG] audit of the AIT released March 
1998 highlighted serious financial and management shortcomings. 
The IG report described a budget in disarray. The Committee 
will consider providing additional funds for the AIT only after 
all issues raised by the IG are satisfactorily resolved.

     Payment To The Foreign Service Retirement And Disability Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $129,935,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     132,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     132,500,000

    This appropriation is authorized by the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980 which provides for an appropriation to the fund in 30 
equal annual installments of the amount required for the 
unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of 
beneficiaries, or increased salaries on which benefits are 
computed.
    The Committee recommends $132,500,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for payment to the Foreign Service retirement and disability 
fund. The recommendation is $2,565,000 above the fiscal year 
1998 appropriation and identical to the fiscal year 1999 
request.

              International Organizations and Conferences

    The Committee recommendations described below continue to 
adhere strictly to the bipartisan agreement made last year on 
United Nations reform and funding.

              Contributions To International Organizations

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $955,515,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     930,773,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,131,718,000

    The Committee recommends $1,131,718,000 for fiscal year 
1999 for payment of the obligations of U.S. membership in 
international organizations, including arrearages, as 
authorized by conventions, treaties, or specific acts of 
Congress. The recommendation is $176,203,000 above the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $200,945,000 above the fiscal year 
1999 request.
    The Committee recommendations by organization are displayed 
in the following table:

              Contributions to international organizations

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation
United Nations and affiliated agencies:
    Food and Agriculture Organization...................          80,975
    International Atomic Energy Agency..................          48,587
    International Civil Aviation Organization...........          14,248
    International Labor Organization....................          59,824
    International Maritime Organization.................           1,086
    International Telecommunications Union..............           6,635
    United Nations--Regular.............................         297,048
    United Nations--War Crimes Tribunal.................          25,000
    Universal Postal Union..............................           1,210
    World Health Organization...........................         104,036
    World Intellectual Property Organization............           1,089
    World Meteorological Organization...................          10,677
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal..........................................         650,415
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Inter-American organizations:
    Inter-American Indian Institute.....................              66
    Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on 
      Agriculture.......................................          15,043
    Organization of American States.....................          50,964
    Pan American Health Organization....................          47,931
    Pan American Institute of Geography and History.....             477
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal..........................................         114,481
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Regional organizations:
    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation...................             850
    Colombo Plan Council for Technical Cooperation......              12
    North Atlantic Assembly.............................             693
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization..................          45,927
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and 
      Development.......................................          52,703
    South Pacific Commission............................           1,230
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal..........................................         101,415
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Other international organizations:
    Customs Cooperation Council.........................           3,457
    International Agency for Research on Cancer.........           1,512
    International Bureau/Publication of Customs Tariffs.             103
    International Bureau of Weights and Measures........             838
    International Center/Study of Preservation and 
      Restoration of Cultural Property..................             581
    International Hydrographic Organization.............              96
    International Office of Epizootics..................              73
    International Organization of Legal Metrology.......             117
    International Union/Conservation of Nature and 
      Natural Resources.................................             265
    Organization for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons.          16,256
    World Trade Organization/General Agreement on 
      Tariffs and Trade.................................          12,461
    ICC organizations...................................           1,223
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal..........................................          36,982
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal, current year assessments................         903,293
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
    Arrears.............................................         254,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Spending reductions:
    Exchange rate savings...............................          14,075
    U.N. buydown........................................          11,500
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal..........................................          25,575
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, international organizations................       1,131,718

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    U.N. reform.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$254,000,000 for arrears, subject to authorization and the 
terms of the fiscal year 1998 budget resolution.
    Spending decreases.--The recommendation assumes exchange 
rate savings due to the continuing strength of the U.S. dollar, 
savings realized from withdrawal from the Interparliamentary 
Union and the Bureau of International Expositions, and savings 
attributable to unneeded dues for the International Seabed 
Authority and the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea, 
neither of which is expected to be approved by the Senate 
before fiscal year 2000. In addition, the Committee directs the 
Department to provide $11,500,000 out of funds made available 
in fiscal year 1998 for peacekeeping to partially prepay U.N. 
regular budget assessments for calendar year 1998.
    Excessive administrative overhead.--The Committee is aware 
of an international organization receiving U.S. dues with an 
astonishing 85 percent overhead rate. Funds for international 
organizations may only be released upon certification by the 
State Department to the Committees on Appropriations that 
overhead costs account for no more than 15 percent of the total 
budget of a given international organization. The Committee 
expects the certification process to be completed not later 
than December 31, 1998. The certification should include a 
listing of what is considered overhead. In addition, the 
Committee recommendation imposes prorated reductions on U.S. 
assessments to international organizations with overhead rates 
over 15 percent. This is in anticipation of a reduction in dues 
as administrative costs are trimmed to meet certification 
requirements.
    Commodity-based international organizations.--Previously, 
funding was provided in this account for U.S. membership in the 
following nine commodity-based international organizations: the 
International Copper Study Group, the International Cotton 
Advisory Committee, the International Lead and Zinc Study 
Group, the International Natural Rubber Organization, the 
International Office of the Vine and Wine, the International 
Rubber Study Group, the International Seed Testing Association, 
the International Tropical Timber Organization, and the 
International Grains Council. This year, the Committee 
recommendation provides funding for the above organizations 
under the International Trade Administration in title II.
    Law-based international organizations.--Previously, funding 
was provided in this account for U.S. membership in three law-
based international organizations: the Hague Conference on 
Private International Law, the International Bureau of the 
Permanent Court of Arbitration, and the International Institute 
for the Unification of Private Law. This year, the Committee 
recommendation provides funding for the above organizations 
under general legal activities in title I.

        Contributions For International Peacekeeping Activities

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $256,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     231,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     431,093,000

    The Committee recommends $431,093,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for U.S. payments for contributions for international 
peacekeeping activities, including arrearages. The 
recommendation is $175,093,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $200,093,000 above the fiscal year 1999 
request. The Committee is aware that $20,907,000 in prior year 
unencumbered balances are available to this account.
    The Committee recommendations by mission are displayed in 
the following table:

         Contributions for international peacekeeping activities

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

U.N. Disengagement Observer Force--UNDOF................           8,000
U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon--UNIFIL...................          29,900
U.N. Iraq/Kuwait Observer Mission--UNIKOM...............           5,000
U.N. Angola Verification Mission........................          13,700
U.N. Mission in Western Sahara--MINURSO.................          23,600
U.N. operations in the former Yugoslavia:
    U.N. Protection Force in Yugoslavia--UNPROFOR.......          48,000
    U.N. Preventive Deployment Force--UNPREDEP/former 
      Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia--FYROM...........          12,000
    U.N. Mission in Bosnia/Herzegovina--UNMIBH/U.N. 
      Mission of Observers Prevlaka--UNMOP..............          45,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, former Yugoslavia.....................         105,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
U.N. Force in Cyprus--UNFICYP...........................           7,000
U.N. Observer Mission in Georgia--UNOMIG................           8,300
U.N. Mission of Observers to Tajikistan--UNMOT..........           3,000
War Crimes Tribunals--Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and Iraq......          24,000
U.N. Observer Group in Sierra Leone.....................           3,500
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Subtotal..........................................         231,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Spending decreases: Unencumbered balances...............          20,907
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Arrears.................................................         221,000
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, peacekeeping...............................         431,093

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    U.N. reform.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$221,000,000 for arrears, subject to authorization and the 
terms of the fiscal year 1998 budget resolution.
    War crimes.--The United Nations anticipated a surge in 
caseload before the Yugoslavia and Rwanda war crimes tribunals 
in fiscal year 1999, necessitating still greater increases over 
fiscal year 1998 for additional judges, staff, and courtrooms. 
As yet, the surge has failed to materialize, and the United 
Nations cannot spend the funds provided. In fact, the 
Department sought to reprogram funds out of the war crimes 
tribunal account for other peacekeeping missions. The Committee 
recommendation of $24,000,000 for the war crimes tribunals 
provides a substantial cushion should additional accused war 
criminals be apprehended or turn themselves in to authorities. 
Of the amount provided, $5,000,000 is available only to 
establish a war crime tribunal to review atrocities committed 
by Iraq's military and security forces against Kurds and 
Shiites.
    Cost sharing.--The Committee notes that the nations most 
immediately benefiting from the U.N. Iraq/Kuwait Observer 
Mission and the U.N. Force in Cyprus bear a large percentage of 
the operational costs. The Committee urges the State Department 
to pursue similar cost-sharing arrangements with other states 
benefiting from U.N. peacekeeping missions, particularly those 
of an extended duration.
    New assessments.--The United Nations is seeking to 
establish a Rapidly Deployable Mission Headquarters [RDMHQ] to 
hasten and smooth the initial phases of a peacekeeping 
operation. Voluntary contributions for the RDMHQ have fallen so 
short of initial expectations that the United Nations is now 
proposing that it be funded through an invisible tax on 
peacekeeping missions. If approved, the RDMHQ would have access 
to an unlimited stream of funds beyond congressional control. 
In the past, similar situations have led to unrestrained 
bureaucratic growth. The Committee directs the State Department 
to block any effort to convert RDMHQ funding from a voluntary 
to an assessed contribution.

              International Conferences And Contingencies

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      $1,223,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    The Committee does not recommend separate funding to 
finance the U.S. participation in multilateral 
intergovernmental conferences and contributions to new or 
provisional international organizations for fiscal year 1999. 
The Committee recommendation continues language under the 
``Contributions to international organizations'' account to 
allow the transfer of up to $1,223,000 to this account for the 
purpose of providing such funds.

                       International Commissions

 International Boundary And Water Commission, United States And Mexico

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $23,953,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      26,304,000
Committee recommendation................................      23,953,000

    The Committee recommends $23,953,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
States and Mexico [IBWC]. The recommendation is identical to 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $2,351,000 below the 
fiscal year 1999 request. The total amount provided includes 
$17,490,000 for salaries and expenses and $6,463,000 for 
construction.

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $17,490,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      19,179,000
Committee recommendation................................      17,490,000

    The Committee recommends $17,490,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the ``Salaries and expenses'' account. The recommendation 
is identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and 
$1,689,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request.

                              Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $6,463,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       7,125,000
Committee recommendation................................       6,463,000

    The Committee recommends $6,463,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for construction. The recommendation is identical to the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $662,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. The Committee recommendation provides $2,000,000 for 
the Rio Grande canalization project.

              American Sections, International Commissions

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $5,490,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       5,867,000
Committee recommendation................................       5,490,000

    The Committee recommends $5,490,000 for fiscal year 1999 to 
fund the U.S. share of expenses of the International Boundary 
Commission [IBC], the International Joint Commission [IJC], and 
the Border Environment Cooperation Commission [BECC]. The 
recommendation is identical to the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $377,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request. 
The Committee recommendation provides $3,432,000 for the IJC. 
The IJC is directed to develop the necessary mechanism for 
monitoring and accurately assessing existing diversions and 
consumptive uses of Great Lakes water in line with the 
recommendations in its own report, ``Great Lakes Diversions and 
Consumptive Uses.''

                  International Fisheries Commissions

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $14,549,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      14,549,000
Committee recommendation................................      14,549,000

    The Committee recommends $14,549,000 for fiscal year 1999 
to fund the U.S. share of the expenses of international 
fisheries commissions; participation in the International 
Council for the Exploration of the Sea; participation in the 
North Pacific Marine Sciences Organization; travel expenses of 
the U.S. commissioners and their advisors; and salaries of non-
Government employees of the Pacific Salmon Commission for days 
actually worked as commissioners and panel members and 
alternates. The recommendation is identical to the fiscal year 
1998 appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 request. The 
recommendation provides $9,353,000 for the Great Lakes Fishery 
Commission, as requested, including $8,724,000 for the sea 
lamprey operations and research program, of which not less than 
$1,000,000 shall be used to treat the St. Mary's River in 
Michigan.

                                 Other

                     Payment To The Asia Foundation

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $8,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      15,000,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    The Committee does not recommend funding for fiscal year 
1999 for the Asia Foundation. The recommendation is $8,000,000 
less than the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $15,000,000 
less than the fiscal year 1999 request.
    The Asia Foundation is a nongovernmental grantmaking 
organization that Congress has repeatedly urged to aggressively 
pursue private funds to support its activities. The Committee 
believes that the time has come for the Asia Foundation to 
graduate from public support.
    As a means of balancing the Beijing Government's assertion 
that it speaks for all Chinese, the Committee urges the State 
Department to consider supporting the work of the National 
Committee on United States-China Relations. The National 
Committee's experience, depth of associations, and activities 
make it a unique national resource. In particular, the National 
Committee's ties to Taiwan and Hong Kong could bring an 
increasingly ignored perspective to the forefront of United 
States policy considerations in East Asia.

                            RELATED AGENCIES

                  Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

                Arms Control And Disarmament Activities

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $41,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      43,400,000
Committee recommendation................................      43,400,000

    The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency [ACDA] advises and 
assists the President, the National Security Council, the 
Secretary of State, and other senior Government officials on 
arms control matters. On April 18, 1997, the White House 
announced that ACDA would be merged with the State Department 
within 1 year. Since then, the ACDA Director has also been 
named as the Acting Under Secretary of State for Arms Control 
and International Security in anticipation of consolidation.
    The Committee recommends $43,400,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for ACDA. The recommendation is $1,900,000 above the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and identical to the fiscal year 1999 
request. Within available resources, $765,000 is available only 
to install or upgrade international monitoring systems in 
Alaska, including primary seismic and infrasound stations at 
Eielson AFB, auxiliary seismic stations on Kodiak and Attu 
Islands, and radionuclide stations at Sand Point and Salchaket.
    The Indo-Pakistani nuclear standoff makes clear that moral 
suasion has little effect on nations that feel threatened. The 
Committee urges ACDA to focus on more productive ways of 
managing the proliferation and control of nuclear arsenals.

                        U.S. Information Agency

Appropriations, 1998....................................  $1,105,858,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................   1,119,300,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,051,801,000

    The Committee recommends $1,051,801,000 for fiscal year 
1999 for the U.S. Information Agency [USIA] to carry out the 
information, educational, and cultural exchange activities of 
the Agency, including support of the East-West and North/South 
Centers and the National Endowment for Democracy, and 
international broadcasting operations. The recommendation also 
provides for the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust 
Fund and the Israeli-Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund. The 
recommendation is $54,057,000 below the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $67,499,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request.
    On June 2, 1998, USIA and the State Department announced a 
series of steps to begin the integration of the two agencies. 
The details of the Committee's recommendations for the nine 
USIA accounts are outlined in the following paragraphs.

                   International Information Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $427,097,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     461,728,000
Committee recommendation................................     427,097,000

    The Committee recommends $427,097,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for international information programs. The recommendation is 
identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $34,631,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request. Within available resources, 
USIA is directed to establish a full-fledged information 
resource center in Guangzhou, China.
    The Committee recommendation includes the following 
limitations on the use of funds which have been carried in the 
bill in previous years: (1) $700,000 for temporary employees; 
(2) $25,000 for entertainment, including official receptions, 
as authorized by law; (3) $1,400,000 for representation abroad 
as authorized by law; (4) $6,000,000 to remain available until 
expended, in fees credited to this appropriation which are 
received in connection with English teaching, library, motion 
pictures, and publication programs as authorized by law; and 
(5) $920,000 to remain available until expended to carry out 
projects involving security construction and related 
improvements for agency facilities not physically located 
together with State Department facilities abroad.

                            Technology Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $5,050,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       5,050,000
Committee recommendation................................       5,050,000

    This account helps to modernize USIA's nonbroadcasting 
computer and telecommunications infrastructure. This account 
largely replaces an investment strategy that had relied heavily 
on available end-of-year funds.
    The Committee recommends $5,050,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the technology fund. The recommendation is identical to the 
fiscal year 1998 appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 
request.

               Educational And Cultural Exchange Programs

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $197,731,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     199,024,000
Committee recommendation................................     205,024,000

    The Committee recommends $205,024,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for educational and cultural exchange programs. The 
recommendation is $7,293,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and is $6,000,000 above the fiscal year 1999 
request.
    The Committee notes that fiscal year 1999 funding for 
exchange programs in the New Independent States [NIS] of the 
former Soviet Union is provided under the Foreign Operations 
appropriations bill.
    The Committee recommendations by program are displayed in 
the following table:

Cultural and Educational Exchanges

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

Academic programs:
    Fulbright Program:
        Students, scholars, teachers..........................    96,546
        Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship Program.................     5,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................   101,546
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
    Other academic programs:
        Study of the United States............................     2,202
        College and University Affiliations Program...........     1,549
        Educational advising and student services.............     3,097
        English language programs.............................     2,479
        Council of American Overseas Research Centers [CAORC].       300
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................     9,627
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
    Other special academic programs:
        Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program...................     3,253
        American overseas research centers....................     1,700
        South Pacific exchanges...............................       750
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................     5,703
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
          Subtotal, academic..................................   116,876
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Professional and cultural programs:
    International Visitors Program............................    41,270
    Citizen Exchange Program..................................    15,983
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................    57,253
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
    Other professional and cultural programs:
        Mike Mansfield fellowships programs...................     2,600
        United States/Mexico Conflict Resolution Center.......       750
        Institute for Representative Government...............       510
        1999 Women's World Cup................................     3,500
        Special Olympics......................................     2,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................     9,360
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
          Subtotal, professional and cultural programs........    66,613
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Exchanges support:
    Employee compensation and benefits........................    19,319
    Program direction and administration......................     2,216
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................    21,535
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, cultural and educational exchanges...............   205,024

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    Special Olympics.--The amount provided for the Special 
Olympics is to be allocated to the organizing committees for 
the 1999 Summer World Special Olympics games and the 2001 
Winter World Special Olympics games.
    Reprioritization.--The Committee recommendation defers or 
reduces funding for the following exchange programs: the 
Cambodia, Tibet, and East Timor exchanges; the disability 
exchange clearinghouse; the Near and Middle East Research and 
Training Act program; the Congress-Bundestag youth exchange; 
and the East European executive education program; the 
students, scholars, and teachers portion of the Fulbright 
Program; and the Muskie Fellowship Program.
    The Committee supports citizen exchange initiatives that 
are targeted specifically toward young political leaders. The 
American Council of Young Political Leaders [ACYPL] has 
provided outstanding programming in this arena for more than 30 
years. The Committee urges USIA to increase the funding level 
for ACYPL in order to provide resources for the continuation of 
ACYPL's exchanges.
    As in the past, the Committee expects to be consulted prior 
to the release of funds.

                 Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program

           Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................        $570,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................         600,000
Committee recommendation................................         525,000

    The Committee recommends $525,000 for an appropriation of 
interest and earnings in the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program Trust Fund, authorized by the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-454). The recommendation 
is $45,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation, $75,000 
less than the fiscal year 1999 request, and reflects a refined 
estimate of interest and earnings available for fiscal year 
1999.
    The Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 authorized a 
permanent endowment for the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program. The act established the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program Trust Fund in the U.S. Treasury for these purposes. A 
total of $7,500,000 has been provided to establish a permanent 
endowment for the program, from which interest and earnings in 
the fund are appropriated to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, 
Inc.

                    Israeli-Arab Scholarship Program

Appropriations, 1998....................................        $400,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................         400,000
Committee recommendation................................         350,000

    The Committee recommends language in the accompanying bill 
which will appropriate interest and earnings of the Israeli-
Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund estimated to be $350,000 for 
fiscal year 1999. The recommendation reflects a refined budget 
estimate and is $50,000 less than the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and the fiscal year 1999 request.
    A permanent endowment of $4,978,500 for the fund was 
established in fiscal year 1992 with funds made available to 
the U.S. Information Agency under section 556(b) of the Foreign 
Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1990, as amended. The income from the 
endowment is to be used for a program of scholarships for 
Israeli-Arabs to attend institutions of higher education in the 
United States.

                 International Broadcasting Operations

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $364,415,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     365,986,000
Committee recommendation................................     332,915,000

    This account funds the operating and engineering costs of 
Voice of America [VOA], Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty [RFE/
RL], Radio Free Asia [RFA], Worldnet Television, and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors [BBG].
    The Committee recommends $332,915,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for U.S. international broadcasting operations. Since the 
Committee rejects the proposal in the budget request to fund 
broadcasting to Cuba within this account, the figures listed 
above represent funding levels for non-Cuba broadcasting 
operations. The recommendation is $31,500,000 below the fiscal 
year 1998 appropriation and $33,071,000 below the fiscal year 
1999 request.
    The Committee is concerned with the execution of the fiscal 
year 1998 broadcasting budget: (1) as much as $12,516,000 may 
expire; (2) $6,394,000 cannot be accounted for; and (3) 
$12,100,000 will carry over. The Committee recommendation holds 
broadcasting operations to last year's level, with a few 
exceptions and adjustments described below. This recommendation 
is intended to stabilize the broadcasting budget.
    The Committee recommendations are displayed in the 
following table:

                        [In thousands of dollars]

                                                               Committee
                                                          recommendation

Broadcasting Board of Governors:
    International Broadcasting Bureau.........................     1,400
        Voice of America......................................   101,459
        Worldnet Television and Film Service..................    19,993
        Engineering and technical operations..................   114,256
        Program support.......................................    13,250
        Administrative support................................    12,854
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

          Subtotal............................................   263,212
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Independent grantee organizations:
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty...........................    69,969
    Radio Free Asia...........................................    19,400
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................    89,369
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Fiscal year 1999 initiatives:
    Uyghur broadcasting.......................................     2,447
    Macedonian broadcasting...................................       200
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................     2,647
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Spending reductions:
    Carryover.................................................    12,100
    Exchange rate savings.....................................     1,172
    Undistributed reduction...................................     6,394
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________

      Subtotal................................................    19,666
                    ==============================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, international broadcasting operations............   332,915

    Some of the Committee recommendations displayed in the 
table above are described in more detail in the following 
paragraphs.
    Tactical broadcasting fund.--The Committee has not provided 
for this contingency fund.
    China.--Of the funds made available for Radio Free Europe, 
$2,447,000 is for the expansion of the Kazak and Kyrgyz 
services to include Uyghur programming targeted at Turkic 
language minorities in northwest China.
    Macedonia.--Of the funds made available for Radio Free 
Europe, $200,000 is for the expansion of the South Slavic 
service to include programming for Macedonia.
    Public-private financing.--Under the terms of the United 
States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (title III of 
Public Law 103-236), public financing of Radio Free Asia [RFA] 
will end on September 30, 1998, with the possibility of a 1-
year waiver, and public financing of Radio Free Europe/Radio 
Liberty [RFE/RL] will end on December 31, 1999. As part of the 
fiscal year 1999 budget request, the President exercised his 
right to extend public support for RFA for one last year. The 
Committee is alarmed by the apparent failure of the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors [BBG] to prepare for the coming 
transition of both RFA and RFE/RL to private financing. The 
Committee directs the BBG to provide the Committees on 
Appropriations with the transition plans for RFA and RFE/RL not 
later than February 1, 1999.
    Consolidation.--Currently, each arm of the International 
Broadcasting Bureau has its own congressional liaison. The 
result is a proliferation of uncoordinated broadcasting 
initiatives that are both duplicative and profligate. The 
Committee directs the Broadcasting Board of Governors [BBG] to 
centralize legislative liaison operations under itself. The BBG 
shall provide a report to the Appropriations Committees on the 
consolidation effort no later than October 1, 1998.

                          Broadcasting To Cuba

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $22,095,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      22,704,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,095,000

    This account funds the operating and engineering costs of 
Radio and Television Marti.
    The Committee recommends $22,095,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for broadcasting to Cuba. The recommendation is identical to 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $609,000 below the 
fiscal year 1999 request.

                           Radio Construction

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $40,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      25,308,000
Committee recommendation................................      13,245,000

    This account funds necessary maintenance, improvements, 
replacements, and repairs of broadcasting sites; satellite and 
terrestrial program feeds; and engineering support activities, 
broadcast facility leases, and land rentals.
    The Committee recommends $13,245,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for radio construction. The recommendation is $26,755,000 below 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $12,063,000 below the 
fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee is aware that 
$12,063,000 in carryover is available in this account.
    Digital project.--The Committee understands that the 
International Broadcasting Bureau's conversion from analog to 
digital equipment has been beset by problems. In particular, 
the software contractor developing a successor to the system 
for news and programming [SNAP] has experienced serious 
schedule delays. The Committee directs that a quarterly report 
be provided on the progress of converting from analog to 
digital technology.

                            East-West Center

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $12,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       5,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      12,000,000

    The Committee recommends $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the East-West Center. The recommendation is identical to 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $7,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee is aware that another 
$13,000,000 is available to the Center from the ``Diplomatic 
and consular programs'' account.

                           North/South Center

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $1,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       2,500,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,000,000

    The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the North/South Center. The recommendation is $1,500,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $500,000 above the 
fiscal year 1999 request.

                    National Endowment For Democracy

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $30,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      31,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      30,500,000

    The Committee recommends $30,500,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the National Endowment for Democracy [NED]. The 
recommendation is $500,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $500,000 below the fiscal year 1999 request.

      General Provisions--Department of State and Related Agencies

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
included in the previous appropriations act:
    Section 401 permits funds appropriated in this act for the 
Department of State to be available for allowances and 
differentials as authorized by subchapter 59 of 5 U.S.C.; for 
services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109; and hire of passenger 
transportation pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 1343(b).
    Section 402 permits up to 10 percent of any appropriation 
made available in the bill for the Department of State and the 
U.S. Information Agency to be transferred between their 
respective appropriations. The language also provides that no 
appropriation shall be decreased by more than 10 percent or 
increased by more than 20 percent by any such transfer. In 
addition, the language provides that any transfer pursuant to 
this subsection shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds 
under section 605 of the accompanying bill and shall not be 
available for obligation or expenditure except in compliance 
with the procedures set forth in that section.
    Section 403 links United States arrears payments to the 
United Nations to United States costs incurred while enforcing 
U.N. sanctions against Iraq.
    Section 404 prohibits the use of Department of State or 
USIA funds to support the Palestinian Broadcasting Corp.
    Section 405 continues, with modifications, language 
regarding Vietnam.

                       TITLE V--RELATED AGENCIES

                      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

                        Maritime Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $138,825,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     188,203,000
Committee recommendation................................     177,468,000

    The Maritime Administration [MarAd] in the Department of 
Transportation is responsible for administering several 
programs for the maritime industry relating to U.S. foreign and 
domestic commerce, and for national defense purposes.
    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$177,468,000 for the Maritime Administration for fiscal year 
1999. The Committee's recommendations for specific accounts 
within the Maritime Administration are described in more detail 
below.
    The Committee is concerned about conflicting views within 
the administration with regard to the existing authority of the 
Maritime Administration to scrap ships. The agency has the 
authority to dispose of excess title IX and Department of 
Defense vessels and to use the proceeds from the scrap value of 
these vessels to support a number of worthwhile programs, 
including State maritime schools. Barring passage of 
legislation which changes existing MarAd policy, the Committee 
recommends that the agency continue exercising its existing 
statutory authority to scrap absolete, excess vessels.

                    Operating-Differential Subsidies

            (Appropriation to Liquidate Contract Authority)

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $51,030,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................................
Committee recommendation................................................

    The Committee does not recommend any funding for this 
program, consistent with the fiscal year 1999 request. The 
program is currently in contract liquidation, and thus no new 
funds were requested or are necessary.

                       Maritime Security Program

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $35,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      97,650,000
Committee recommendation................................      97,650,000

    The Committee recommends $97,650,000 for the new Maritime 
Security Program. The MSP program request is $62,150,000 above 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation because the number of U.S.-
flag vessels participating in the program is increasing from 29 
to 45 ships, and the number of mariners serving on these ships 
will increase from 1,450 to 2,200.

                        Operations And Training

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $67,600,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      70,553,000
Committee recommendation................................      69,818,000

    This account funds operations of the Maritime 
Administration [MarAd], the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, and 
provides grants to State maritime academies.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $69,818,000 to 
fund programs under this account. This amount is a reduction of 
$735,000 from the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation includes $39,265,000 for the 
U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and State maritime schools. Of 
this amount $32,515,000 is for the U.S. Merchant Marine 
Academy, with the remainder being used for the support of State 
maritime schools. The Committee funds the State maritime 
schools at the requested fiscal year 1999 level of $6,750,000. 
The Committee notes that MarAd anticipates making $2,000,000 in 
Ready Reserve funds available in fiscal year 1999 for State 
maritime school ship repair which, in addition to the 
$4,500,000 included in the recommendation will make $6,500,000 
available for this purpose. The MarAd fiscal year 1999 request 
begins a 4-year phaseout of the student incentive payments 
[SIP]. These payments are used to help students at maritime 
schools defray the cost of their education. The Committee is 
concerned about this phaseout, and understands the U.S. Navy 
may be willing to assume the cost of continuing the SIP 
Program. The Committee expects MarAd to report on the 
willingness of the Navy to pay for the program, and if not, 
what justification the agency can provide for continuing the 
SIP phaseout when the fiscal year 2000 budget is transmitted to 
the Committee.
    The accompanying bill includes no funds for the Ready 
Reserve Force [RRF] for fiscal year 1999. In fiscal year 1996 
funding for this account was transferred to the Department of 
Defense. Management of the program remains with MarAd, and the 
agency is reimbursed by the Department of Defense for its 
services. These reimbursements are reflected in MarAd's 
``Vessel operations revolving fund'' account.

                    Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $35,725,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      20,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      10,000,000

    The Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program (title XI) provides 
subsidies for guaranteed loans for purchasers of vessels built 
in U.S. shipyards.
    The Committee is providing $10,000,000 for the Maritime 
Guaranteed Loan Program for fiscal year 1999. This amount is 
below the original fiscal year 1999 request of $16,000,000 and 
$29,725,000 below the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. On June 
8, 1998, the Administration forwarded to Congress a budget 
amendment requesting a reduction of $10,000,000 from the 
original request due to the revised estimate of available 
balances from prior-year authority. The Committee 
recommendation reflects the budget amendment's revised request 
for fiscal year 1999 plus administrative expenses of 
$4,000,000.

                       Administrative Provisions

    Several administrative provisions are included involving 
Government property controlled by MarAd, the accounting for 
certain funds received by MarAd, and a prohibition on 
obligations from the MarAd construction fund. These provisions 
have been carried in appropriations acts for the Maritime 
Administration for several years.

      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................        $250,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................         250,000
Committee recommendation................................         250,000

    The Committee recommends $250,000 for the expenses of the 
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad. 
This amount is the same as the budget request and the fiscal 
year 1998 funding level. The recommendation will allow the 
Commission to fund its administrative expenses through 
appropriated funds while relying on privately donated funds for 
the actual purchase and restoration of property.
    The Committee directs the Commission to focus on completing 
the Rumania and Ukraine surveys. Furthermore, the Committee 
recommendation provides funds for upgrades in equipment and for 
the creation of a website. Commission reports that have been 
printed at least once should be posted to the web in lieu of 
reprinting.
    The purpose of the Commission is to encourage the 
preservation of cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings 
associated with the foreign heritage of the American people.

                       Commission on Civil Rights

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $8,740,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      11,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       8,900,000

    The Committee recommends $8,900,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Commission on Civil Rights. The amount 
recommended is $2,100,000 less than the budget request and is 
$160,000 less than the current year appropriation.
    The Committee recommends bill language which provides: (1) 
$50,000 to employ consultants; (2) a prohibition against 
reimbursing commissioners for more than 75 billable days, with 
the exception of the Chairman, who is permitted 125 billable 
days; (3) a limitation of four full-time positions under 
schedule C of the Excepted Service exclusive of one special 
assistant for each Commissioner; and (4) a prohibition on 
hiring any additional Senior Executive Service personnel.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $1,090,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       1,090,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,159,000

    The Committee recommends an increase in funding for the 
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki 
Commission) to provide for salary adjustments made in fiscal 
year 1998. The fiscal year 1999 amount is $69,000 above the 
President's request and the fiscal year 1998 funding level. The 
Committee understands that the Commission will realize $87,500 
in carryover funds.
    The Helsinki Commission was established in 1976 to monitor 
compliance with the final act of the Conference on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe with particular regard to provisions 
dealing with humanitarian affairs.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $242,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     279,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     253,580,000

    The Committee recommends $253,580,000 for the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission in fiscal year 1999. This 
amount is $25,420,000 less than the request and $11,580,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation.
    The Committee expects the EEOC to use some of the increase 
to expand its use of alternative dispute resolution techniques. 
The Committee also includes an increase of $1,580,000 which 
will permit the agency to fund fair employment practices 
agencies [FEPA's] at a level of $29,080,000. This should permit 
funding a total of 50,573 charge resolutions at a rate of $575. 
The State and local agencies have experienced an increase in 
the number of cases, and funding for these agencies has not 
increased significantly for several years. The Committee 
expects the agency to use its anticipated fiscal year 1998 
carryover funds and the remainder not used for the above 
purposes to modernize its computer systems.
    The Committee is aware of several high profile cases 
involving the EEOC which have been the subject of media 
stories. The Committee is aware that some stories have not 
accurately described the facts of these cases. The EEOC cannot, 
by law, publicly discuss cases which are unresolved.
    The Committee is concerned about the priorities and 
litigation practices of the EEOC and recommends that the EEOC 
allocate more of its limited public resources to investigating 
and resolving actual claims of discrimination filed by 
employees and applicants. The Committee directs the EEOC to 
report to Congress on or before March 1, 1999, on the 
Commission's allocation and expenditure of funds provided in 
this act.
    There is concern about two pilot projects, each costing 
$100,000, being run by two private sector groups. These pilot 
projects are addressing the issue of employment discrimination 
and the possibility of using testers in such cases. Testers are 
individuals who go into companies or agencies and apply for 
jobs. These individuals try to determine whether a pattern of 
discrimination or harassment exists in these instances. The 
EEOC says that the agency has only a few tester cases pending. 
The EEOC is directed to provide the Committee with a report on 
the completion and the findings of the two pilot projects. The 
Committee directs the EEOC not to pursue any policy which would 
use testers as a standard practice.

                   Federal Communications Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $186,514,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     212,977,000
Committee recommendation................................     197,921,000

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$197,921,000 for the salaries and expenses of the Federal 
Communications Commission [FCC], of which $172,523,000 is to be 
derived from collection of existing section 9 fees. The 
remaining $25,398,000 would be provided from direct 
appropriations.
    The FCC is an independent agency charged with regulating 
interstate and foreign communications including radio, 
television, wire, wireless, cable, and satellite.
    The General Services Administration [GSA] provided funds 
totaling $17,590,000 to the FCC in March 1998 to permit the 
agency to plan for a move. In May 1998, the GSA rescinded these 
funds from the FCC. The Committee's recommendation does not 
include a repayment of any funds to GSA and does not include 
the cost of the higher rent that will be charged should the FCC 
move to a new site. Should the FCC move, the Committee will 
consider a reprogramming request for these funds.

                      Federal Maritime Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $14,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      14,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      14,300,000

    The Federal Maritime Commission [FMC] is an independent 
regulatory agency charged with administering several laws 
relating to the waterborne domestic and foreign offshore 
commerce of the United States.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $14,300,000 
for the salaries and expenses of the Federal Maritime 
Commission.

                        Federal Trade Commission

                         Salaries and Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $106,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     112,867,000
Committee recommendation................................     111,867,000

    The Federal Trade Commission [FTC] administers a variety of 
Federal antitrust and consumer protection laws. Activities in 
the antitrust area include detection and elimination of illegal 
collusion, anticompetitive mergers, unlawful single-firm 
conduct, and injurious vertical agreements. In addressing fraud 
and other consumer concerns, the FTC regulates advertising 
practices, service industry practices, marketing practices, and 
credit practices.
    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$111,867,000 for the salaries and expenses of the Federal Trade 
Commission for fiscal year 1999. The recommended amount of 
budget authority is $1,000,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request and is $5,364,000 above current year funding. Of this 
amount, $18,700,000 is to be derived from prior-year 
unobligated fee collections and $90,000,000 is to be derived 
from current year offsetting fee collections from premerger 
filing fees under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act, resulting in a net 
direct appropriation of $3,167,000. The Committee also expects 
the FTC to use an additional $11,000,000 of fiscal year 1998 
carryover funds to increase consumer fraud and Internet fraud 
monitoring activities as well as provide a modest increase for 
staff needed to handle the increased number of filings at the 
agency. These additional requirements are outlined in greater 
detail below.
    The Committee expects the FTC to give highest priority to 
the timely review and processing of premerger notification 
filings under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act. Increasing 
globalization of business has resulted in an increase in 
mergers. The Commission's merger transaction workload has 
increased dramatically, with a 143-percent increase in filings 
from fiscal year 1991 to fiscal year 1997. In fiscal year 1998, 
premerger filings are almost double the number in fiscal year 
1997. The request includes a $3,055,000 increase for the 
Commission to effectively handle this additional workload.
    The Committee has become increasingly concerned about the 
dramatic increase in Internet fraud, in addition to a 
longstanding concern about telemarketing fraud, particularly 
with the elderly as targets. A reprogramming approved by the 
Committee in fiscal year 1997 permitted the FTC to implement a 
consumer sentinel consumer fraud data base system. Consumer 
Sentinel is accessible via the Internet by law enforcement 
officials on the State and local level in the United States and 
Canada upon request. It has permitted the expeditious 
dissemination of data on fraudulent schemes being conducted in 
both countries. The FTC has been tracking fraudulent schemes 
being promoted over the Internet and has filed over 30 Internet 
fraud suits. Information comes into the FTC at its Consumer 
Response Center, which is co-located in the offices of the 
consumer sentinel system.
    The Committee recommends an additional $1,579,000 for the 
acceleration and expansion of the Consumer Sentinel consumer 
fraud data base. This would permit the agency to expand the 
number of law enforcement entities using the system; 
incorporate more complaint data from other Federal, State, and 
nongovernment sources; and, add features like court-order 
tracking to assist in prosecution of cases. The FTC's Consumer 
Response Center is the first point-of-contact for consumers 
wishing to report fraud or other consumer complaints to the 
Federal Government. The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for a 
toll-free number to make it easier for citizens, and 
particularly the elderly, to contact the Government with 
consumer complaints. Since Internet fraud is a relatively new 
area, and growing dramatically, the Committee recommends 
$2,840,000 to assist the FTC in its enforcement activities. All 
of these activities complement each other, and the Committee 
believes this funding should result in aggressive and effective 
enforcement of consumer protections on the National, State, and 
local levels.
    The Committee notes that the FTC regulation addressing 
funeral director and funeral-service practices does not include 
cemeteries, or other third-party merchandise sellers. In order 
to ensure consumers receive accurate, itemized price 
information and disclosure about burial or funeral goods, the 
FTC is directed to provide a report to the Committee not later 
than March 31, 1999, on the sales, marketing, price disclosure, 
and other consumer practices of all persons, partnerships, 
corporations, or nonprofit organizations that sell burial or 
funeral products to the public and are not currently covered by 
the regulation.
    Also, the Committee is concerned about recent press reports 
that the Federal Trade Commission has utilized its resources to 
create and disseminate to lawyers who practice before it a 
document describing the Commission's views about a major 
antitrust action against the Intel Corp. currently pending 
before the agency. Although the Committee has not received the 
Commission's review of this matter, the document may contain 
potentially confidential information. While the Committee 
understands the need for the Commission to explain its position 
to the public on certain matters, the Committee also believes 
that the Commission should review its policy with respect to 
consulting private attorneys with matters before the agency.
    The current policy raises potential questions of conflict 
of interest and could place private attorneys in an awkward 
position should they choose to disagree publicly with the 
Commission. The Commission should take the necessary steps to 
ensure that their actions toward private attorneys do not 
create a potential conflict of interest in the future. The 
Commission should also take steps to ensure that confidential 
information and admissions disclosed in private negotiations 
with potential or current antitrust litigants not be disclosed 
to the public.
    Finally, the FTC is directed to undertake a study, out of 
funds provided, to investigate issues raised by the 
introduction of alcohol advertising on television and radio, in 
particular the potential impact on young people who view the 
advertising in shaping their attitudes or behavior with respect 
to alcohol.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous appropriations acts, which: (1) allows for 
purchase of uniforms and hire of motor vehicles; (2) allows up 
to $2,000 for official reception and representation expenses; 
(3) allows for the collection of fees; (4) allows for the sum 
appropriated to be reduced as fees are collected; (5) allows 
fees in excess of the amount designated in the bill to be 
available in fiscal year 1998, and (6) prohibits the use of 
funds to implement section 151 of the Federal Deposit Insurance 
Corporation Improvements Act of 1991. The Committee has 
retained bill language making funds appropriated from the 
Treasury for the FTC available until expended.

               National Gambling Impact Study Commission

Appropriations 1998.....................................      $1,000,000
Budget estimate 1999....................................................
Committee recommendation................................................

    For fiscal year 1999, no funds were requested for this 
effort.

                       Legal Services Corporation

               payment to the legal services corporation

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $283,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     340,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     300,000,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $300,000,000 for fiscal 
year 1999 for the provision of civil legal services. The 
recommendation is $17,000,000 above the fiscal year 1998 
appropriation and $40,000,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
request. The Committee recommendation includes $288,700,000 for 
basic field programs, to be used for competitively awarded 
grants and contracts, $300,000 for grantees pursuing litigation 
associated with Aguilar v. United States, $8,985,000 for 
management and administration, and $2,015,000 for the Office of 
the Inspector General.

                       administrative provisions

    The Committee recommendation continues the administrative 
provisions contained in the fiscal year 1998 appropriations act 
(Public Law 104-208) regarding operation of this program to 
provide basic legal services to poor individuals, including 
provisions relating to distribution of funding by formula 
according to the number of poor people residing in an area, 
with adjustments for certain isolated States and territories, 
and for native American communities.
    In addition, the Committee recommendation continues all 
administrative provisions restricting the use of Legal Service 
Corporation funds. As in the past, grantees must agree not to 
engage in litigation and related activities with respect to a 
variety of matters including (1) redistricting; (2) class 
action suits; (3) representation of illegal aliens; (4) 
political activities; (5) collection of attorneys fees; (6) 
abortion; (7) prisoner litigation; (8) welfare reform; (9) 
representation of charged drug dealers during eviction 
proceedings; and (10) solicitation of clients. The Committee 
recommendation also continues the exception to the restrictions 
in a case where there is imminent threat of physical harm to 
the client or prospective client.
    The Committee recommendation also clarifies that the 
transition for cases involving attorneys fees remains in 
effect, and extends the language providing for the manner in 
which LSC grantees are audited, and the manner in which they 
contract with certified public accountants for financial and 
compliance audits.
    Finally, the Committee recommendation continues last year's 
provisions on recompetition and debarment.

                        Marine Mammal Commission

                         salaries and expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $1,185,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       1,240,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,240,000

    The recommendation provides $1,240,000 for the Marine 
Mammal Commission in fiscal year 1999. This is $55,000 above 
the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and at the level requested 
for fiscal year 1999.

                       Commission on Ocean Policy

Appropriations, 1998....................................................
Budget estimate, 1999...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      $3,500,000

    The Committee recommends that $3,500,000 be appropriated in 
fiscal year 1999 for the Commission on Ocean Policy. In 
November 1996 the Senate passed legislation directing the 
President to establish a 16-member Commission on Ocean Policy, 
similar to the 1966 Stratton Commission, to examine ocean and 
coastal activities and to report to Congress with its 
recommendations within 18 months. In developing its 
recommendations for such a policy, the Commission will, 
relative to ocean and coastal activities: (1) review existing 
U.S. regulations, and practices; (2) assess investment in 
existing and planned facilities and equipment; (3) review 
existing and planned activities of Federal agencies and 
departments and suggest reforms, if appropriate; (4) suggest 
mechanisms to address interrelationships among such activities; 
and (7) identify new technological or market opportunities 
which could contribute to the objectives of the act.

                   Securities and Exchange Commission

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $315,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     118,098,000
Committee recommendation................................     341,098,000

    The Securities and Exchange Commission [SEC] is an 
independent agency responsible for administering many of the 
Nation's laws regulating the areas of securities and finance.
    The Committee recommendation provides total budget 
(obligational) authority of $341,098,000 for the Securities and 
Exchange Commission for fiscal year 1999. The recommended 
amount of budget authority is equal to the fiscal year 1999 
total operating level request and is $26,098,000 above fiscal 
year 1998 funding level.
    The recommendation reduces the section 6(b) registration 
fees to a pro rata rate of $278 per $1,000,000 (roughly one 
thirty-sixth of 1 percent) for fiscal year 1999. In fiscal year 
1998, the fee rate was one thirty-fourth of 1 percent. The 
recommendation assumes that $341,098,000 in fees collected in 
fiscal 1999 will be available as offsetting collections.
    For fiscal year 1999, as during the current year, the 
Committee continues to emphasize the importance of the Office 
of Economic Analysis within the Commission and expects that 
adequate funds will be provided in order to carry out these 
important functions. The Committee recommends bill language, 
similar to that included in previous appropriations acts, 
which: (1) allows for the rental of space; (2) makes up to 
$3,000 available for official reception and representation 
expenses; (3) makes up to $10,000 available for a permanent 
secretariat for the International Organization of Securities 
Commissions; and (4) makes up to $100,000 available for 
governmental and regulatory officials.
    Sales on the Internet.--The Committee is concerned about 
fraud related to stock transactions and advertising and sales 
of products via the Internet. The Committee is pleased with the 
effective efforts being made by the SEC and the FTC in 
investigating and helping to stop such illegal activities and 
practices. We request that the two agencies continue to work 
together and continue to take cooperative efforts to further 
enhance both agencies' programs in this area.
    Mutual fund investors.--Surveys indicate that while mutual 
fund investors anticipate returns of over 20 percent per year, 
only 8 percent completely understand the expenses mutual funds 
charge. The Committee commends the Chairman of the Commission 
for his effort to educate investors. The Committee agrees that 
small investors must be educated on the risk of the stock 
markets. The SEC's efforts to simplify fund documents provides 
better communication to all investors. Also, the series of town 
meeting the SEC has held continues to provide unbiased 
information to the investor. Finally, the need to provide full 
disclosure on the cost of mutual fund services is a needed 
change in the way fund managers work with the small investor. 
The Committee urges the SEC to continue it work in these 
efforts.

                     Small Business Administration

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $716,132,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     724,424,000
Committee recommendation................................     613,616,000

    The Small Business Administration [SBA] is an independent 
agency created in 1953 to administer a group of Federal 
programs and policies focused on the Nation's small businesses.
    The Committee recommends total funding of $613,616,000 for 
the Small Business Administration. This amount is a decrease of 
$102,516,000 from the fiscal year 1998 enacted amount and a 
decrease of $110,808,000 from the budget request. This amount 
is distributed among the five SBA appropriation accounts as 
described below.
    Government Performance and Results Act.--The Committee 
recommends no changes within the bill based on the performance 
plans which are a result of the Government Performance and 
Results Act. However, the General Accounting Office has found 
that the SBA performance plan is inadequate. The SBA must 
better portray how its strategies and resources will help 
achieve the agencies goals. The Committee is not confident that 
the information provided will accurately assess SBA's 
performance. The Committee directs that the fiscal year 2000 
request be linked to the performance plan. The Committee will 
use this plan as a guide for SBA fiscal year 2000 funding. 
Agencies will have had 2 years to implement and perfect their 
plans.

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $254,200,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     281,100,000
Committee recommendation................................     265,000,000

    The Committee recommendation provides a direct 
appropriation of $265,000,000 for the salaries and expenses of 
the Small Business Administration. This amount is $10,800,000 
above the fiscal year 1998 appropriation. The Committee 
recommendation includes requested language authorizing $3,500 
for official reception and representation expenses and language 
authorizing SBA to charge fees to cover the cost of 
publications and certain loan servicing activities.
    For the SBA's noncredit programs funded under this account, 
the Committee recommends $85,000,000 for small business 
development centers, an increase of $9,200,000 above the 
request. The Committee has provided adequate funding to permit 
SBA to continue funding all SBDC's at a minimum level of 
$500,000. The Committee directs the SBA to work with the small 
business development centers and to make funds available, if 
warranted, for SBDC's colocated in Manufacturing Extension 
Program facilities. Congress directs the SBA to count all non-
Federal dollars obtained by an SBDC, regardless of whether 
those dollars have been targeted for a specific purpose, toward 
that SBDC's non-Federal matching dollar requirement. In 
addition, the Committee directs SBA to spend $1,500,000 for the 
expansion of the international trade data network [ITDN] and 
the conversion of the ITDN to an Internet-based website to 
assist SBDC's in gaining direct access to this network. The 
Committee supports the fiscal year 1999 request of $3,500,000 
for SCORE, $9,000,000 for the women's business centers, and 
$600,000 for the Women's Council. The Committee also supports 
$1,000,000 for the women's business census. The Committee 
directs the SBA to provide $2,000,000 for technical assistance 
to the 23 States that receive the fewest small business 
innovation research grants. Consistent with the language 
contained in Public Law 105-135, section 501, the Committee 
directs that the SBA make awards to States which have received 
fewer than $5,000,000 in SBIR awards in fiscal year 1995. These 
eligible States could receive not more than $100,000 with a 
$50,000 State match for efforts such as outreach to small 
businesses, assistance in applying for awards, and establishing 
performance goals.
    The Committee expressed its opposition in its fiscal year 
1998 report to an attempt by the agency to redirect the 7(j) 
program. In fiscal year 1999, the SBA is once again attempting 
to change this program. The Committee rejects the $6,900,000 
increase in this program. The SBA should not redirect this 
program from its original purpose, which is to make quality, 
postgraduate business education opportunities available to 
minorities.
    The Committee supports a level of $22,000,000 for microloan 
technical assistance, an increase of $5,500,000 above the 
fiscal year 1999 request; $500,000 for Pro-Net, $500,000 for 
the Regulatory Fairness Board, and $4,000,000 for the HubZones 
Program. Of the funds requested for special initiatives, the 
Committee recommends no more than $8,000,000 for the agency's 
improved portfolio management, an amount $4,000,000 below the 
request. In fiscal year 1998, the agency informed the Committee 
it would need $16,000,000 for this purpose, of which $8,000,000 
was provided in fiscal year 1998.

                      Office Of Inspector General

Appropriations, 1998....................................     $10,000,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      11,300,000
Committee recommendation................................      10,500,000

    The Committee recommends $10,500,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General of the Small Business Administration. This 
amount is a $500,000 increase over current funding.

                     Business Loans Program Account

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $275,232,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     262,724,000
Committee recommendation................................     240,816,000

    The Committee recommends $240,816,000 for the business 
loans program account for guaranteed business loans, including 
$94,000,000 for administrative expenses related to this 
account. The amount provided for administrative expenses may be 
transferred to and merged with SBA salaries and expenses to 
cover the common overhead expenses associated with business 
loans.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the 
Congress is required to provide an amount sufficient to cover 
the estimated losses associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
1997, as well as the administrative expenses of the loans. The 
subsidy amounts are estimated on a net present value basis and 
the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.
    Business loan guarantees.--For business loan guarantees, 
the Committee recommends a total of $146,816,000 for fiscal 
year 1999. For the 7(a) program, the Committee recommends a 
total of $139,000,000, which is $14,000,000 below the request 
for fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee is concerned that the 7(a) program is rapidly 
expanding. Five years ago, the program level was 
$3,000,000,000. The program level request for fiscal year 1999 
is $11,000,000,000. The Committee's recommendation of 
$139,000,000 will support a $10,000,000,000 program level in 
fiscal year 1999. The Committee directs the SBA to transfer the 
$19,600,000 in projected fiscal year 1998 unobligated balances 
in the 7(a) business loans program in addition to a fiscal year 
1999 appropriation of $119,400,000.
    The Committee recommends a level of $8,900,000 for the 
Small Business Investment Company [SBIC] debenture guarantees, 
which will provide a program level of $645,000,000. This level 
is an increase of $1,115,000 above the fiscal year 1999 
request. The Administration projected carryover in this program 
at the end of fiscal year 1998. The Committee understands that 
all funds for this program will be expended in fiscal year 
1998. The Committee also recommends a level of $14,700,000 for 
SBIC participating securities which will provide a program 
level of $800,000,000 in fiscal year 1999. The Committee also 
expects the SBA to continue to sell 5-year commitments for 
leverage to the SBIC's.
    The Committee recommends a program level of $40,000,000 for 
the microloan direct loans in fiscal year 1999, which is 
supported by an appropriation of $3,816,000. No funds were 
requested for the Microloan Guarantee Program in fiscal year 
1999, and the Committee assumes any demand for the program will 
be funded from unobligated balances carried over from fiscal 
year 1998. Now that the Microloan Program is a permanent 
initiative within the Small Business Administration, the 
Committee recommends that the SBA consider the important role 
statewide intermediaries can play in making the program more 
efficient and beneficial to the communities they serve.

                     Disaster Loans Program Account

Appropriations, 1998....................................    $173,200,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................     166,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      94,000,000

    The Administration did not submit a request for the 
Disaster Loan Program. Instead an assumption of an increase in 
the interest rate on these loans to 5.93 percent was included. 
This effort would require passage of legislation. This 
Committee will not pass such legislation, and directs the 
Administration to submit a budget for the Disaster Loan Program 
that continues to provide low-interest loans for those in need. 
The Administration knows that an increase in the disaster loan 
interest rate is unacceptable to Congress. It is unconscionable 
that the SBA has submitted a request for a 10-percent increase 
in the salaries and expenses for the Disaster Loan Program, 
while at the same time requesting a substantial interest rate 
increase on loans for those who have been devastated by 
disasters. The Committee will expeditiously consider a revised 
budget for this program as soon as it is provided by the 
Administration. In order to continue to provide prompt response 
in disaster situations, the Committee has provided $94,000,000 
for the salaries and expenses of the Disaster Loan Program in 
this bill.

                 Surety Bond Guarantees Revolving Fund

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $3,500,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................       3,300,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,300,000

    Under the Surety Bond Guarantees Program, the Small 
Business Administration guarantees a portion of the losses 
sustained by a surety company as a result of the issuance of a 
bid, payment, or performance bond to a small business concern.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,300,000 for 
additional capital for the surety bond guarantees revolving 
fund. This amount is equal to the budget request.

                       Administrative Provisions

    The Committee wishes to underscore the reprogramming 
requirements outlined in section 605. This recommendation 
includes an administrative provision in the bill language, as 
in last year's bill, providing the authority to transfer funds 
between the Small Business Administration's appropriations 
accounts. The language provides that no account may be 
decreased by more than 5 percent or increased by more than 10 
percent. The language also makes the transfers subject to the 
Committee's standard reprogramming procedures. In addition, a 
reprogramming notification is required in any proposed 
organization, whether or not funding transfers will be 
associated with the proposed reorganization.

                        State Justice Institute

                         Salaries And Expenses

Appropriations, 1998....................................      $6,850,000
Budget estimate, 1999...................................      12,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       6,850,000

    The Committee recommends $6,850,000 for fiscal year 1999 
for the State Justice Institute [SJI]. The recommendation is 
identical to the fiscal year 1998 appropriation and $5,150,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 request. The Committee is aware that 
$7,150,000 is available to the Institute from the ``Courts of 
appeals, district courts, and other judicial services'' 
account.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the departments and agencies funded in the accompanying 
bill. Sections 601 through 615 have been included in previous 
Department of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
related agencies appropriations acts.
    Section 601 prohibits any appropriation act from being used 
for publicity or propaganda purposes not authorized by law.
    Section 602 prohibits any appropriation contained in the 
act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
year unless expressly so provided.
    Section 603 provides that the expenditure for any 
appropriation contained in the act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 604 provides that if any provision of the act or 
the application of such provision to any person or 
circumstances shall be held invalid, the remainder of the act 
and the application of such provisions to persons or 
circumstances other than those to which it is held invalid 
shall not be affected thereby.
    Section 605 stipulates Committee policy concerning the 
reprogramming of funds. Section 605(a) prohibits the 
reprogramming of funds which: (1) create new programs; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates offices or 
employees; (5) reorganizes offices, programs, or activities; 
(6) contracts out or privatizes any function or activity 
presently performed by Federal employees--unless the 
Appropriations Committees of the House and Senate are notified 
15 days in advance.
    Section 605(b) prohibits a reprogramming of funds in excess 
of $1,000,000 or 20 percent, whichever is more, that (1) 
augments existing programs, projects, or activities; (2) 
reduces by 20 percent funding for any existing program, 
project, or activity, or numbers of personnel by 20 percent as 
approved by Congress; or (3) results from any general savings 
due to a reduction in personnel which would result in a change 
in existing programs, activities, or projects as approved by 
Congress unless the Appropriations Committees of the House and 
Senate are notified 15 days in advance.
    Section 606 prohibits construction, repair, overhaul, 
conversion, or modernization of NOAA ships outside of the 
United States.
    Section 607 addresses the purchase of American-made 
products.
    Section 608 prohibits funds in the bill from being used to 
implement, administer, or enforce any guidelines of the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission covering harassment based on 
religion similar to proposed guidelines published by the EEOC 
in October 1993.
    Section 609 prohibits the use of funds to provide certain 
amenities and personal comforts in the Federal prison system.
    Section 610 provides that any closing or downsizing costs 
incurred by a Department or agency funded under this act 
resulting from funding reductions in the act shall be absorbed 
within the budgetary resources available to the Department or 
agency. The language also provides transfer of authority 
between appropriation accounts to carry out the provision 
subject to the reprogramming procedures outlined in section 605 
of this act.
    Section 611 limits the availability of pornography to 
Federal prisoners.
    Section 612 limits funding under the local law enforcement 
block grant to 90 percent to an entity that does not provide 
public safety officers injured in the line of duty, and as a 
result separated or retired from their jobs, with health 
insurance benefits equal to the insurance they received while 
on duty.
    Section 613 prohibits funds from being used to issue a visa 
to any alien involved in extrajudicial and political killings 
in Haiti.
    Section 614 is intended to address concerns about 
overcapacity in the Nation's commercial fisheries by limiting 
the ability of new large fishing vessels to enter the fisheries 
without first obtaining the approval of the appropriate 
regional fishery management council. It is also intended to 
prevent new individual fishing quotas [IFQ] from being issued 
to non-U.S. citizens and non-U.S. entities after the expiration 
of the present national moratorium on IFQ's. Last, it would 
begin in 1999 and for a period of 3 years to reduce the catch 
of a number of foreign-built, foreign-owned factory trawlers 
that were able to enter the U.S. fisheries of the North Pacific 
under a loophole in the 1987 Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel 
Anti-Reflagging Act. The Committee expects that these 
provisions would be revisited and modified or repealed as part 
of comprehensive legislation which has been proposed to address 
overcapacity, the foreign control of U.S.-flag fishing vessels.
    Section 614(a)(1) is similar to the prohibition on large 
fishing vessels included in section 616 of the fiscal year 1998 
act. It would prevent any fishing vessels over 165 feet, 750 
tons, or 3,000 shaft horsepower that did not have a fishery 
endorsement on September 25, 1997, from being eligible to 
receive a permit or authorization that would allow the vessel 
to fish (harvest or process) in fisheries within the exclusive 
economic zone [EEZ] of the United States, unless the 
appropriate regional fishery management council makes an 
exception after the date of the enactment of the act to allow 
the vessel to fish. A fishing vessel above the thresholds that 
did have a fishery endorsement on September 25, 1997 (the 
control date in legislation pending before the Congress) would 
lose its eligibility if the fishery endorsement became 
ineffective at any time thereafter (except where the vessel is 
sold in whole or in part, and the endorsement lapses only 
during the time necessary to transfer the endorsement to the 
new owner(s)). Subsection (a)(2) would prevent any fishing 
vessel above the thresholds from fishing (harvesting or 
processing) in any of the Atlantic mackerel or herring 
fisheries off of the east coast--even if it had a fishery 
endorsement on September 25, 1997--unless the appropriate 
fishery management council recommends, and the Secretary 
approves, a fishery management plan or amendment that 
specifically allows the vessel to engage in fishing in those 
fisheries.
    In recent years, concerns have arisen in a number of fully 
utilized fisheries and fisheries that do not have fishery 
management plans about the entry of large vessels, including in 
the Atlantic mackerel and herring fisheries, and the scallop, 
crab, and pollock fisheries off Alaska. Section (a) would 
prevent this from happening anymore unless the appropriate 
regional fishery management council has approved the entry into 
the fisheries of the vessel. The provision would provide a 
specific safeguard for the pollock and crab fisheries of the 
North Pacific by preventing more than a dozen former U.S.-flag 
fishing vessels that have reflagged to fish in the EEZ of 
Russia from reentering the U.S. fisheries. Paragraph (3) of 
subsection (a) would specifically exempt the vessels in the 
menhaden fishery, which occurs primarily inside the inner 
boundary of the U.S. EEZ, from the prohibition. In applying the 
prohibition only to fisheries within the U.S. EEZ--except 
territories--the prohibition also would not apply to vessels in 
a number of tuna fisheries.
    Subsection (b) would prevent the Secretary of Commerce from 
issuing any new individual fishing quotas to any individual who 
is not a citizen of the United States or to any entity in which 
less than 75 percent of the controlling interest is owned by 
citizens of the United States once the statutory IFQ moratorium 
ends in the year 2000. The Maritime Administration, which has 
considerable expertise in determining U.S. control of entities, 
would be required to determine that entities comply with the 
controlling interest standard before the Secretary could issue 
any IFQ's to an entity, and would apply section 2(c) of the 
Shipping Act of 1916, in making such determinations. 
Legislation is pending in the Congress to prohibit vessels 
whose owners do not meet this standard from receiving a fishery 
endorsement. In addition, the Congress called on the National 
Academy of Sciences in the 1996 Sustainable Fisheries Act to 
analyze imposing such a standard on individual fishing quotas. 
The Committee intends to prevent the issuance of IFQ's to 
individuals or entities who do not meet the standard pending a 
decision by Congress at least with respect to the fundamental 
issue of the controlling interest standard for fishery 
endorsements, which could preclude the use of any such IFQ's.
    Section 615 prohibits the use of funds for oversight of the 
rerun of the Teamsters election.
    Section 616 reduces expenditures for the Commission on 
Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad.
    Section 617 ends the requirement that the Japan-United 
States Friendship Commission must invest portions of the trust 
fund in Japan, thus allowing the Commission to take advantage 
of favorable interest rates.
    Section 618 directs the Secretary of Commerce, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of State and Treasury, to 
conduct a study on: taxation of the Internet; the effect 
taxation may have on the development of the Internet; and the 
ramifications taxation may have on international trade using 
the Internet.
    Section 619 would allow a higher rate of interest to be 
earned through outside investments of the settlement funds 
resulting from the Exxon Valdez oilspill. The Exxon Valdez 
oilspill [EVOS] trustees would remain free to decide whether to 
use this new authority. The section specifies that the interest 
on investments received under authority of this section must be 
used to support marine research and economic restoration 
projects for the fishing industry and local fishermen. If the 
trustees chose to use this authority, an additional $20,000,000 
to $30,000,000 could be generated for research and restoration 
between 1998 and 2001. This is within the scope of the court 
settlement; similar activities have been approved by trustees 
in the past. The amendment further requires the trustees to 
present legislation to Congress by 2001 establishing a new 
organization that would take over administration of the 
remaining funds after the scheduled payments from Exxon are 
complete. This provision also is consistent with comments from 
the public suggesting that an independent science-oriented 
board should control the process of funding science projects, 
rather than trustees who represent agencies that may be seeking 
project funding.

                         TITLE VII--RESCISSIONS

                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

                         General Administration

                          working capital fund

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $45,326,000 from 
the unobligated balances available in the Department's working 
capital fund [WCF]. As of June 19, 1998, Department officials 
estimated that in excess of $45,326,000 of unobligated balances 
are available within the WCF.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $6,000,000 from 
the unobligated balances available in the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation's [FBI] fiscal year 1996 ``Construction'' 
account; $4,178,000 in the FBI's fiscal year 1998 ``Legal 
attache'' account; $4,000,000 in the FBI's fiscal year 1998 
``Construction'' account; $2,000,000 in the FBI's fiscal year 
1996 ``Violent Crime Reduction Program'' account; $300,000 in 
the FBI's fiscal year 1997 ``Violent Crime Reduction Program'' 
account; and $6,400,000 in the FBI's no year ``Salaries and 
expenses'' account.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $915,000 from 
unobligated balances available to the U.S. Travel and Tourism 
Administration, and $1,175,000 from unobligated balances 
available to the Endowment for Children's Educational TV.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a 
general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify 
items of appropriation not made to carry out the provisions of 
an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution 
previously passed by the Senate during that session.
    The following appropriations have not been authorized 
either in whole or in part and fall under this rule:
    Title I--Department of Justice: General administration, 
salaries and expenses; administrative review and appeals, 
Office of the Inspector General; United States Parole 
Commission, salaries and expenses; general legal activities, 
salaries and expenses; National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act; 
Antitrust Division, salaries and expenses; U.S. attorneys, 
salaries and expenses; Foreign Claims Settlement Commission; 
fees and expenses of witnesses; Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, salaries and expenses; Drug Enforcement 
Administration, salaries and expenses; Drug Enforcement 
Administration, construction; Immigration and Naturalization 
Service, salaries and expenses; Federal Prison System, salaries 
and expenses; Federal Prison System, building and facilities; 
Federal Prison Industries, Inc.; limitation on administrative 
expenses; Federal Prison Industries Inc.; juvenile justice 
programs; juvenile justice delinquency prevention; State and 
local law enforcement assistance block grants; Weed and Seed 
Program; Missing Children's Program; and Victims of Child Abuse 
Act Program.
    Title II--Department of Commerce and related agencies: 
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, salaries and expenses; 
International Trade Commission, salaries and expenses; Export 
Administration, operations and administration; International 
Trade Administration, operations and administration; economic 
development assistance programs; Patent and Trademark Office; 
National Institute of Standards and Technology, scientific and 
technical research and services; NIST industrial technology 
services; NIST construction of research facilities; National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration operations, research, 
and facilities; NOAA construction; and Minority Business 
Development Agency.
    Title IV--Department of State and related agencies: 
Diplomatic and consular services, Maui Pacific Center, salaries 
and expenses; capital investment fund; Office of Inspector 
General; representation allowances; protection of foreign 
missions and officials; security and maintenance of United 
States missions; emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular 
Service; payment to the American Institute in Taiwan; 
contributions to international organizations; contributions to 
international peacekeeping activities; international 
conferences and contingencies; International Boundary and Water 
Commission, United States and Mexico; American sections, 
international commissions (except the Border Environment 
Cooperation Commission); international fisheries commissions; 
Asia Foundation; Arms Control and Disarmament Agency; U.S. 
Information Agency, salaries and expenses; technology fund; 
educational and cultural exchange programs; international 
broadcasting operations; broadcasting to Cuba; radio 
construction; and East-West Center.
    Title V--Related agencies: Department of Transportation; 
Maritime Administration, operations and training; Commission on 
Civil Rights; Federal Communications Commission (except 
offsetting fee collections); Legal Services Corporation; and 
Securities and Exchange Commission.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, the Committee 
ordered reported en bloc, S. 2260, an original Commerce, 
Justice, State, the judiciary, and related agencies 
appropriations bill, 1999, and S. 2237, an original Interior 
and related agencies appropriations bill, 1999, both subject to 
amendment and both subject to appropriate scorekeeping, by a 
recorded vote of 27-0, a quorum being present. The vote was as 
follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Stevens
Mr. Cochran
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. Gorton
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Burns
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Campbell
Mr. Craig
Mr. Faircloth
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. Byrd
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Hollings
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Bumpers
Mr. Lautenberg
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Reid
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Boxer

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of the rule XXVI requires that Committee 
reports on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any 
statute or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the 
statute or part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and 
(b) a comparative print of that part of the bill or joint 
resolution making the amendment and of the statute or part 
thereof proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through 
type and italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate 
typographical devices the omissions and insertions which would 
be made by the bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form 
recommended by the committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by this bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets; new matter is printed in italic; and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.

TITLE 8--ALIENS AND NATIONALITY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 12--IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER II--IMMIGRATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART V--ADJUSTMENT AND CHANGE OF STATUS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1255. Adjustment of status of nonimmigrant to that of person 
                    admitted for permanent residence

(a) Status as person admitted for permanent residence on application 
                    and eligibility for immigrant visa

    The status of an alien who was inspected and admitted or 
paroled into the United States may be adjusted by the Attorney 
General, in his discretion and under such regulations as he may 
prescribe, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence if (1) the alien makes an application for such 
adjustment, (2) the alien is eligible to receive an immigrant 
visa and is admissible to the United States for permanent 
residence, and (3) an immigrant visa is immediately available 
to him at the time his application is filed.

(b) Record of lawful admission for permanent residence; reduction of 
                    preference visas

    Upon the approval of an application for adjustment made 
under subsection (a) of this section, the Attorney General 
shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent 
residence as of the date the order of the Attorney General 
approving the application for the adjustment of status is made, 
and the Secretary of State shall reduce by one the number of 
the preference visas authorized to be issued under sections 
1152 and 1153 of this title within the class to which the alien 
is chargeable for the fiscal year then current.

(c) Alien crewmen, aliens continuing or accepting unauthorized 
                    employment, and aliens admitted in transit without 
                    visa

    Subsection (a) of this section shall not be applicable to 
(1) an alien crewman; (2) [subject to subsection (k) of this 
section,] an alien (other than an immediate relative as defined 
in section 1151(b) of this title or a special immigrant 
described in section 1101(a)(27)(H), (I), (J), or (K) of this 
title) who hereafter continues in or accepts unauthorized 
employment prior to filing an application for adjustment of 
status or who is in unlawful immigration status on the date of 
filing the application for adjustment of status or who has 
failed (other than through no fault of his own or for technical 
reasons) to maintain continuously a lawful status since entry 
into the United States; or (3) any alien admitted in transit 
without visa under section 1182(d)(4)(C) of this title; (4) an 
alien (other than an immediate relative as defined in section 
1151(b) of this title who was admitted as a nonimmigrant 
visitor without a visa under section 1182(l) or section 1187 of 
this title; (5) an alien who was admitted as a nonimmigrant 
described in section 1101(a)(15)(S) of this title, (6) an alien 
who is deportable under section 1227(a)(4)(B) of this title; 
(7) any alien who seeks adjustment of status to that of an 
immigrant under section 1153(b) of this title and is not in a 
lawful nonimmigrant status; or (8) any alien who was employed 
while the alien was an unauthorized alien, as defined in 
section 1324a(h)(3) of this title, or who has otherwise 
violated the terms of a nonimmigrant visa.

(d) Alien admitted for permanent residence on conditional basis; 
                    fiancee or fiance of citizen

    The Attorney General may not adjust, under subsection (a) 
of this section, the status of an alien lawfully admitted to 
the United States for permanent residence on a conditional 
basis under section 1186a of this title. The Attorney General 
may not adjust, under subsection (a) of this section, the 
status of a nonimmigrant alien described in section 
1101(a)(15)(K) of this title (relating to an alien fiancee or 
fiance or the minor child of such alien) except to that of an 
alien lawfully admitted to the United States on a conditional 
basis under section 1186a of this title as a result of the 
marriage of the nonimmigrant (or, in the case of a minor child, 
the parent) to the citizen who filed the petition to accord 
that alien's nonimmigrant status under section 1101(a)(15)(K) 
of this title.

(e) Restrictions on adjustment of status based on marriages entered 
                    while in exclusion or deportation proceedings; bona 
                    fide marriage exception

    (1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), an alien who is 
seeking to receive an immigrant visa on the basis of a marriage 
which was entered into during the period described in paragraph 
(2) may not have the alien's status adjusted under subsection 
(a) of this section.
    (2) The period described in this paragraph is the period 
during which administrative or judicial proceedings are pending 
regarding the alien's right to be admitted or remain in the 
United States.
    (3) Paragraph (1) and section 1154(g) of this title shall 
not apply with respect to a marriage if the alien establishes 
by clear and convincing evidence to the satisfaction of the 
Attorney General that the marriage was entered into in good 
faith and in accordance with the laws of the place where the 
marriage took place and the marriage was not entered into for 
the purpose of procuring the alien's admission as an immigrant 
and no fee or other consideration was given (other than a fee 
or other consideration to an attorney for assistance in 
preparation of a lawful petition) for the filing of a petition 
under section 1154(a) of this title or 1184(d) of this title 
with respect to the alien spouse or alien son or daughter. In 
accordance with regulations, there shall be only one level of 
administrative appellate review for each alien under the 
previous sentence.

(f) Limitation on adjustment of status

    The Attorney General may not adjust, under subsection (a) 
of this section, the status of an alien lawfully admitted to 
the United States for permanent residence on a conditional 
basis under section 1186b of this title.

(g) Special immigrants

    In applying this section to a special immigrant described 
in section 1101(a)(27)(K) of this title, such an immigrant 
shall be deemed, for purposes of subsection (a) of this 
section, to have been paroled into the United States.

(h) Application with respect to special immigrants

    In applying this section to a special immigrant described 
in section 1101(a)(27)(J) of this title--
          (1) such an immigrant shall be deemed, for purposes 
        of subsection (a), to have been paroled into the United 
        States; and
          (2) in determining the alien's admissibility as an 
        immigrant--
                  (A) paragraphs (4), (5)(A), and (7)(A) of 
                section 1182(a) of this title shall not apply, 
                and
                  (B) the Attorney General may waive other 
                paragraphs of section 1182(a) of this title 
                (other than paragraphs (2)(A), (2)(B), (2)(C) 
                (except for so much of such paragraph as 
                related to a single offense of simple 
                possession of 30 grams or less of marijuana), 
                (3)(A), (3)(B), (3)(C), and (3)(E)) in the case 
                of individual aliens for humanitarian purposes, 
                family unity, or when it is otherwise in the 
                public interest.
The relationship between an alien and the alien's natural 
parents or prior adoptive parents shall not be considered a 
factor in making a waiver under paragraph (2)(B). Nothing in 
this subsection or section 1101(a)(27)(J) of this title shall 
be construed as authorizing an alien to apply for admission or 
be admitted to the United States in order to obtain special 
immigrant status described in such section.

(i) Adjustment of status of certain aliens physically present in United 
                    States

    (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and 
(c) of this section, an alien physically present in the United 
States who--
          (A) [who--]
                  [(i)] entered the United States without 
                inspection; or
                  [(ii)] (B) is within one of the classes 
                enumerated in subsection (c) of this section[; 
                and
          [(B) who is the beneficiary (including a spouse or 
        child of the principal alien, if eligible to receive a 
        visa under section 1153(d) of this title) of--
                  [(i) a petition for classification under 
                section 1154 of this title that was filed with 
                the Attorney General on or before January 14, 
                1998; or
                  [(ii) an application for a labor 
                certification under section 1182(a)(5)(A) of 
                this title that was filed pursuant to the 
                regulations of the Secretary of Labor on or 
                before such date;],
may apply to the Attorney General for the adjustment of his or 
her status to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence. The Attorney General may accept such application 
only if the alien remits with such application a sum equalling 
$1,000 as of the date of receipt of the application, but such 
sum shall not be required from a child under the age of 
seventeen, or an alien who is the spouse or unmarried child of 
an individual who obtained temporary or permanent resident 
status under section 1160 or 1255a of this title or section 202 
of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 at any date, 
who--
          (i) as of May 5, 1988, was the unmarried child or 
        spouse of the individual who obtained temporary or 
        permanent resident status under section 1160 or 1255a 
        of this title or section 202 of the Immigration Reform 
        and Control Act of 1986;
          (ii) entered the United States before May 5, 1988, 
        resided in the United States on May 5, 1988, and is not 
        a lawful permanent resident; and
          (iii) applied for benefits under section 301(a) of 
        the Immigration Act of 1990. The sum specified herein 
        shall be in addition to the fee normally required for 
        the processing of an application under this section.
    (2) Upon receipt of such an application and the sum hereby 
required, the Attorney General may adjust the status of the 
alien to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence if--
          (A) the alien is eligible to receive an immigrant 
        visa and is admissible to the United States for 
        permanent residence; and
          (B) an immigrant visa is immediately available to the 
        alien at the time the application is filed.
    (3)(A) The portion of each application fee (not to exceed 
$200) that the Attorney General determines is required to 
process an application under this section and is remitted to 
the Attorney General pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
subsection shall be disposed of by the Attorney General as 
provided in subsections (m), (n), and (o) of section 1356 of 
this title.
    (B) Any remaining portion of such fees remitted under such 
paragraphs shall be deposited by the Attorney General into the 
[Breached Bond/Detention Fund established under section 
1356(r)] Immigration Detention and Naturalization Activity 
Account established under section 286(s) of this title.

(j) Adjustment to permanent resident status

    (1) If, in the opinion of the Attorney General--
          (A) a nonimmigrant admitted into the United States 
        under section 1101(a)(15)(S)(i) of this title has 
        supplied information described in subclause (I) of such 
        section; and
          (B) the provision of such information has 
        substantially contributed to the success of an 
        authorized criminal investigation or the prosecution of 
        an individual described in subclause (III) of that 
        section,
the Attorney General may adjust the status of the alien (and 
the spouse, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and 
parents of the alien if admitted under that section) to that of 
an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien 
is not described in section 1182(a)(3)(E) of this title.
    (2) If, in the sole discretion of the Attorney General--
          (A) a nonimmigrant admitted into the United States 
        under section 1101(a)(15)(S)(ii) of this title has 
        supplied information described in subclause (I) of such 
        section, and
          (B) the provision of such information has 
        substantially contributed to--
                  (i) the prevention or frustration of an act 
                of terrorism against a United States person or 
                United States property, or
                  (ii) the success of an authorized criminal 
                investigation of, or the prosecution of, an 
                individual involved in such an act of 
                terrorism, and
          (C) the nonimmigrant has received a reward under 
        section 2708(a) of Title 22,
the Attorney General may adjust the status of the alien (and 
the spouse, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and 
parents of the alien if admitted under such section) to that of 
an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien 
is not described in section 1182(a)(3)(E) of this title.
    (3) Upon the approval of adjustment of status under 
paragraph (1) or (2), the Attorney General shall record the 
alien's lawful admission for permanent residence as of the date 
of such approval and the Secretary of State shall reduce by one 
the number of visas authorized to be issued under sections 
1151(d) of this title and 1153(b)(4) of this title for the 
fiscal year then current.

[(k) Inapplicability of certain provisions for certain employment-based 
                    immigrants

    [An alien who is eligible to receive an immigrant visa 
under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 1153(b) of this 
title (or, in the case of an alien who is an immigrant 
described in section 1101(a)(27)(C) of this title, under 
section 1153(b)(4) of this title) may adjust status pursuant to 
subsection (a) of this section and notwithstanding subsection 
(c)(2), (c)(7), and (c)(8) of this section, if--
          [(1) the alien, on the date of filing an application 
        for adjustment of status, is present in the United 
        States pursuant to a lawful admission;
          [(2) the alien, subsequent to such lawful admission 
        has not, for an aggregate period exceeding 180 days--
                  [(A) failed to maintain, continuously, a 
                lawful status;
                  [(B) engaged in unauthorized employment; or
                  [(C) otherwise violated the terms and 
                conditions of the alien's admission.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER II--IMMIGRATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART IX--MISCELLANEOUS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1356. Disposition of monies collected under the provisions of this 
                    subchapter

(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  (s) Immigration Detention and Naturalization Activity 
Account.--
          (1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        general fund of the Treasury a separate account which 
        shall be known as the ``Immigration Detention And 
        Naturalization Activity Account''. Notwithstanding any 
        other section of this title, there shall be deposited 
        as offsetting receipts into the Immigration Detention 
        And Naturalization Activity Account amounts described 
        in section 245(i)(3)(B) to remain available until 
        expended.
          (2) Uses of the account.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary of the 
                Treasury shall refund out of the Immigration 
                Detention And Naturalization Activity Account 
                to any appropriation the amount paid out of 
                such appropriation for expenses incurred by the 
                Attorney General for the detention of aliens, 
                for construction relating to such detention, 
                and for activities relating to the 
                naturalization of citizens.
                  (B) Quarterly refunds; adjustments.--The 
                amounts that are required to be refunded under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be refunded at least 
                quarterly on the basis of estimates made by the 
                Attorney General of the expenses referred to in 
                subparagraph (A). Proper adjustments shall be 
                made in the amounts subsequently refunded under 
                subparagraph (A) to the extent prior estimates 
                were in excess of, or less than, the amount 
                required to be refunded under subparagraph (A).
                  (C) Estimates in budget requests.--The 
                amounts required to be refunded from the 
                Immigration Detention And Naturalization 
                Activity Account for fiscal year 1999 or any 
                fiscal year thereafter shall be refunded in 
                accordance with estimates made in the budget 
                request of the Attorney General for that fiscal 
                year. Any proposed changes in the amounts 
                designated in such budget requests shall only 
                be made after notification to the Committees on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives 
                and the Senate in accordance with section 605 
                of Public Law 104-134.
          (3) Annual reports.--The Attorney General shall 
        annually submit to Congress a report setting forth--
                  (A) the financial condition of the 
                Immigration Detention And Naturalization 
                Activity Account for the current fiscal year, 
                including beginning account balance, revenues, 
                withdrawals, and ending account balance; and
                  (B) projections for revenues, withdrawals, 
                and the beginning and ending account balances 
                for the next fiscal year.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE 16--CONSERVATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    CHAPTER 1A--HISTORIC SITES, BUILDINGS, OBJECTS, AND ANTIQUITIES

SUBCHAPTER I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 469j. Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

(a) Purpose

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


(d) Membership

  (1) The Commission shall consist of [21] 15 members appointed 
by the President, [7] 5 of whom shall be appointed after 
consultation with the Speaker of the House of Representatives 
and [7] 5 of whom shall be appointed after consultation with 
the President pro tempore of the Senate.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


(e) Meetings

  The Commission shall meet at least once every [three] six 
months.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE 22--FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 44--JAPAN-UNITED STATES FRIENDSHIP

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 2905. Administrative powers of Commission

  In order to carry out its functions under this chapter, the 
Commission is authorized to--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (4) direct the Secretary of the Treasury to make 
        expenditure of the income of the Fund, any amount of 
        the contributions deposited in the Fund from 
        nonappropriated sources pursuant to paragraph (2) or 
        (3) of this section, and not to exceed 5 percent 
        annually of the principal of the total amount 
        appropriated to the Fund to carry out the purposes of 
        this chapter, including the payment of Commission 
        expenses if [needed, except that any amounts expended 
        from amounts appropriated to the Fund under section 
        2902(e)(1) of this title shall be expended in Japan or 
        for not more than 50 percent of administrative expenses 
        in the United States] needed;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 2906. Management of the Friendship Trust Fund

(a) Constituent amounts

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


(b) Investments by Secretary of Treasury in authorized obligations; 
                    issuance of obligations and special obligations; 
                    conditions of acquisition

  It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury 
(hereafter referred to as the ``Secretary'') to invest such 
portion of the Fund as is not, in the judgment of the 
Commission, required to meet current withdrawals. [Such 
investment of amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
section 2902(d) of this title may be made only in interest-
bearing obligations of the United States or in obligations 
guaranteed as to both principal and interest by the United 
States.] Such investment may be made in only interest-bearing 
obligations of the United States, in obligations guaranteed as 
to both principal and interest by the United States, in 
interest-bearing obligations of Japan, or in obligations 
guaranteed as to both principal and interest by Japan. For such 
purposes, the obligations may be acquired (1) on original issue 
at the issue price, or (2) by purchase of outstanding 
obligations at the market price. The purposes for which 
obligations of the United States may be issued under chapter 31 
of Title 31, are hereby extended to authorize the issuance at 
par of special obligations exclusively to the Fund. Such 
special obligations shall bear interest at a rate equal to the 
average rate of interest, computed as to the end of the 
calendar month next preceding the date of such issue, borne by 
all marketable interest-bearing obligations of the United 
States issued during the preceding two years then forming part 
of the public debt; except that where such average rate is not 
a multiple of one-eighth of 1 per centum, the rate of interest 
of such special obligations shall be the multiple of one-eighth 
of 1 per centum next lower than such average rate. Such special 
obligations shall be issued only if the Secretary determines 
that the purchase of other interest-bearing obligations of the 
United States, or of obligations guaranteed as to both 
principal and interest by the United States on original issue 
or at the market price, is not in the public interest.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE 28--JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 39--UNITED STATES TRUSTEES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 589a. United States Trustee System Fund

    (a) There is hereby established in the Treasury of the 
United States a special fund to be known as the ``United States 
Trustee System Fund'' (hereinafter in this section referred to 
as the ``Fund''). Monies in the Fund shall be available to the 
Attorney General without fiscal year limitation in such amounts 
as may be specified in appropriations Acts for the following 
purposes in connection with the operations of United States 
trustees--
            (1) salaries and related employee benefits;
            (2) travel and transportation;
            (3) rental of space;
            (4) communication, utilities, and miscellaneous 
        computer charges;
            (5) security investigations and audits;
            (6) supplies, books, and other materials for legal 
        research;
            (7) furniture and equipment;
            (8) miscellaneous services, including those 
        obtained by contract; and
            (9) printing.
    (b) For the purpose of recovering the cost of services of 
the United States Trustee System, there shall be deposited as 
offsetting collections to the appropriation ``United States 
Trustee System Fund'', to remain available until expended, the 
following--
            (1) 23.08 percent of the fees collected under 
        section 1930(a)(1) of this title;
            (2) one-half of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(3) of this title;
            (3) one-half of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(4) of this title;
            (4) one-half of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(5) of this title;
            (5) 100 percent of the fees collected under section 
        1930(a)(6) of this title;
            (6) three-fourths of the fees collected under the 
        last sentence of section 1930(a) of this title;
            (7) the compensation of trustees received under 
        section 330(d) of title 11 by the clerks of the 
        bankruptcy courts; [and]
            (8) excess fees collected under section 586(e)(2) 
        of this title[.]; and
            (9) interest earned on Fund investments.
    (c) Amounts in the Fund which are not currently needed for 
the purposes specified in subsection (a) shall be kept on 
deposit or invested in obligations of, or guaranteed by, the 
United States.
    (d) The Attorney General shall transmit to the Congress, 
not later than 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, a 
detailed report on the amounts deposited in the Fund and a 
description of expenditures made under this section.
    (e) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund for 
any fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to supplement 
amounts deposited under subsection (b) for the purposes 
specified in subsection (a).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                    Immigration and Nationality Act

      (e) Limitations of Fees.--
          (1) No fee shall be charged under subsection (d) for 
        immigration inspection or preinspection provided in 
        connection with the arrival of any passenger, other 
        than aircraft passengers, whose journey originated in 
        the following:
                  (A) Canada,
                  (B) Mexico,
                  (C) a State, territory or possession of the 
                United States, or
                  (D) any adjacent island (within the meaning 
                of section 101(b)(5)).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


   Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997, Public Law 104-208

DIVISION C--ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION REFORM AND IMMIGRANT RESPONSIBILITY ACT 
                                OF 1996

SEC. 1. * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 104. IMPROVEMENT IN BORDER CROSSING IDENTIFICATION CARD.

  (a) In General.--Section 101(a)(6) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(6)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``Such regulations 
shall provide that (A) each such document include a biometric 
identifier (such as the fingerprint or handprint of the alien) 
that is machine readable and (B) an alien presenting a border 
crossing identification card is not permitted to cross over the 
border into the United States unless the biometric identifier 
contained on the card matches the appropriate biometric 
characteristic of the alien.''.
  (b) Effective Dates.--
          (1) Clause a.--Clause (A) of the sentence added by 
        the amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to 
        documents issued on or after 18 months after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
          [(2) Clause b.--Clause (B) of such sentence shall 
        apply to cards presented on or after 3 years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.]
          (2) Clause b.--Clause (B) of such sentence shall 
        apply as follows:
                  (A) As of October 1, 2000, to not less than 
                25 percent of the border crossing 
                identification cards in circulation as of April 
                1, 1998.
                  (B) As of October 1, 2001, to not less than 
                50 percent of such cards in circulation as of 
                April 1, 1998.
                  (C) As of October 1, 2002, to not less than 
                75 percent of such cards in circulation as of 
                April 1, 1998.
                  (D) As of October 1, 2003, to all such cards 
                in circulation as of April 1, 1998.
          (3) If the Secretary of State and the Attorney 
        General jointly determine that sufficient capacity 
        exists to replace border crossing identification cards 
        in advance of any of the deadlines otherwise provided 
        for under paragraph (2), the Secretary and the Attorney 
        General may by regulation advance such deadlines.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 110. AUTOMATED ENTRY-EXIT CONTROL SYSTEM.

  [(a) System.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall develop an 
automated entry and exit control system that will--
          [(1) collect a record of departure for every alien 
        departing the United States and match the records of 
        departure with the record of the alien's arrival in the 
        United States; and
          [(2) enable the Attorney General to identify, through 
        on-line searching procedures, lawfully admitted 
        nonimmigrants who remain in the United States beyond 
        the period authorized by the Attorney General.
  [(b) Report.--
          [(1) Deadline.--Not later than December 31 of each 
        year following the development of the system under 
        subsection (a), the Attorney General shall submit an 
        annual report to the Committees on the Judiciary of the 
        House of Representatives and of the Senate on such 
        system.
          [(2) Information.--The report shall include the 
        following information:
                  [(A) The number of departure records 
                collected, with an accounting by country of 
                nationality of the departing alien.
                  [(B) The number of departure records that 
                were successfully matched to records of the 
                alien's prior arrival in the United States, 
                with an accounting by the alien's country of 
                nationality and by the alien's classification 
                as an immigrant or nonimmigrant.
                  [(C) The number of aliens who arrived as 
                nonimmigrants, or as a visitor under the visa 
                waiver program under section 217 of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act, for whom no 
                matching departure record has been obtained 
                through the system or through other means as of 
                the end of the alien's authorized period of 
                stay, with an accounting by the alien's country 
                of nationality and date of arrival in the 
                United States.
  [(c) Use of Information on Overstays.--Information regarding 
aliens who have remained in the United Staty beyond their 
authorized period of stay identified through the system shall 
be integrated into appropriate data bases of the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service and the Department of State, 
including those used at ports of entry and at consular 
offices.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 
1998, PUBLIC LAW 105-83

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  Sec. 401. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (e) Marine Research Activities.--(1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (4)(A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (B) Grant recommendations and other decisions of the Board 
shall be by [majority vote, with each member] the majority vote 
of the board members under paragraphs (3)(A), (F), and (G), the 
board member representing academia under paragraph (3)(K), and 
one of the board members under paragraph (3)(L) [as identified 
by the Governor], with each such member having one vote. The 
Board shall establish written criteria for the submission of 
grant requests through a competitive process and for deciding 
upon the award of grants. Grants shall be recommended by the 
Board on the basis of merit in accordance with the priorities 
established by the Board. The Secretary shall provide the Board 
such administrative and technical support as is necessary for 
the effective functioning of the Board. The Board shall be 
considered an advisory panel established under section 302(g) 
of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act 
(16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) for the purposes of section 302(i)(1) 
of such Act, and the other procedural matters applicable to 
advisory panels under section 302(i) of such Act shall apply to 
the Board to the extent practicable. Members of the Board may 
be reimbursed for actual expenses incurred in performance of 
their duties for the Board. Not more than 5 percent of the 
funds provided to the Secretary of Commerce under paragraph (1) 
may be used to provide support for the Board and administer 
grants under this subsection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                            BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL                                            
  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS  
                                                     AMENDED                                                    
                                            [In millions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Budget authority               Outlays        
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                               Committee    Amount of    Committee    Amount of 
                                                               allocation      bill      allocation      bill   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations                                                    
 to its subcommittees of amounts for 1999: Subcommittee on                                                      
 Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related                                                       
 Agencies:                                                                                                      
    Defense discretionary...................................          335          335          326      \1\ 320
    Nondefense discretionary................................       26,300       26,775       25,825       26,285
    Violent crime reduction fund............................        5,524        5,514        4,688        4,688
    Mandatory...............................................          554          538          555          555
Projections of outlays associated with the recommendation:                                                      
    1999....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........   \2\ 21,933
    2000....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        6,292
    2001....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        3,203
    2002....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        1,349
    2003 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........          131
Financial assistance to State and local governments for 1999           NA        4,756           NA          826
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.                                                          
\2\ Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.                                                          
                                                                                                                
NA: Not applicable.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                
Note.--Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for the United Nations arrearages and in accordance  
  with section 314(b)(4) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee anticipates that the Budget     
  Committee will file a revised section 302(a) allocation for the Committee on Appropriations reflecting an     
  upward adjustment of $475,000,000 in budget authority and $475,000,000 in outlays.                            


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL 
                                                                        YEAR 1999                                                                       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                      Senate Committee recommendation   
                                                                                                   Committee              compared with (+ or -)        
                        Item                          1998 appropriation    Budget estimate     recommendation   ---------------------------------------
                                                                                                                  1998 appropriation    Budget estimate 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
           TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
               General Administration                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        $76,199,000         $89,488,000         $76,199,000   ..................       -$13,289,000 
Joint automated booking system......................  ..................  ..................         10,000,000        +$10,000,000         +10,000,000 
Narrowband communications (crime trust fund)........  ..................         85,894,000   ..................  ..................        -85,894,000 
    Non-crime.......................................  ..................  ..................  ..................  ..................  ..................
Counterterrorism fund...............................         52,700,000          61,703,000          19,999,000         -32,701,000         -41,704,000 
    1st Responder grants............................  ..................  ..................        174,000,000        +174,000,000        +174,000,000 
Telecommunications carrier compliance fund..........  ..................         50,000,000   ..................  ..................        -50,000,000 
    Defense function................................  ..................         50,000,000   ..................  ..................        -50,000,000 
Administrative review and appeals:                                                                                                                      
    Direct appropriation............................         70,007,000          79,685,000          41,858,000         -28,149,000         -37,827,000 
    Crime trust fund................................         59,251,000          65,178,000   ..................        -59,251,000         -65,178,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administrative review and appeals......        129,258,000         144,863,000          41,858,000         -87,400,000        -103,005,000 
Office of Inspector General.........................         33,211,000          34,610,000          33,211,000   ..................         -1,399,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General administration.................        291,368,000         516,558,000         355,267,000         +63,899,000        -161,291,000 
          Appropriations............................       (232,117,000)       (365,486,000)       (355,267,000)      (+123,150,000)       (-10,219,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................        (59,251,000)       (151,072,000)  ..................       (-59,251,000)      (-151,072,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
           United States Parole Commission                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          5,009,000           7,621,000           7,969,000          +2,960,000            +348,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                  Legal Activities                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
General legal activities:                                                                                                                               
    Direct appropriation............................        444,200,000         477,328,000         485,511,000         +41,311,000          +8,183,000 
    Crime trust fund................................          7,969,000           8,183,000   ..................         -7,969,000          -8,183,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General legal activities...............        452,169,000         485,511,000         485,511,000         +33,342,000   ..................
Vaccine injury compensation trust fund (permanent)..          4,028,000           4,028,000           4,028,000   ..................  ..................
Independent counsel (permanent, indefinite).........          9,500,000           9,500,000           9,500,000   ..................  ..................
Antitrust Division..................................         93,495,000          98,275,000          98,275,000          +4,780,000   ..................
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover...........        -18,000,000         -11,687,000         -11,687,000          +6,313,000   ..................
    Offsetting fee collections--current year........        -70,000,000   ..................        -86,588,000         -16,588,000         -86,588,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................          5,495,000          86,588,000   ..................         -5,495,000         -86,588,000 
      Offsetting fee collections....................  ..................        -86,588,000   ..................  ..................        +86,588,000 
United States Attorneys:                                                                                                                                
    Direct appropriation............................        972,460,000       1,052,993,000       1,083,642,000        +111,182,000         +30,649,000 
    Crime trust fund................................         62,828,000          54,000,000   ..................        -62,828,000         -54,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Attorneys................      1,035,288,000       1,106,993,000       1,083,642,000         +48,354,000         -23,351,000 
United States Trustee Program.......................        114,248,000         130,437,000         108,248,000          -6,000,000         -22,189,000 
    Offsetting fee collections......................       -114,248,000   ..................       -100,000,000         +14,248,000        -100,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................  ..................        130,437,000           8,248,000          +8,248,000        -122,189,000 
      Offsetting fee collections....................  ..................       -130,437,000   ..................  ..................       +130,437,000 
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission................          1,226,000           1,335,000           1,227,000              +1,000            -108,000 
United States Marshals Service:                                                                                                                         
    Direct appropriation............................        467,833,000         486,436,000         501,752,000         +33,919,000         +15,316,000 
    Crime trust fund................................         25,553,000          26,407,000   ..................        -25,553,000         -26,407,000 
    Construction....................................  ..................          6,300,000           4,000,000          +4,000,000          -2,300,000 
    Justice prisoner and alien transportation system                                                                                                    
     fund...........................................  ..................         10,000,000          10,000,000         +10,000,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Marshals Service.........        493,386,000         529,143,000         515,752,000         +22,366,000         -13,391,000 
Federal Prisoner Detention..........................        405,262,000         450,848,000         407,018,000          +1,756,000         -43,830,000 
Fees and expenses of witnesses......................         75,000,000          95,000,000          95,000,000         +20,000,000   ..................
Community Relations Service.........................          5,319,000           8,899,000           5,319,000   ..................         -3,580,000 
Assets forfeiture fund..............................         23,000,000          23,000,000          23,000,000   ..................  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Legal activities.......................      2,509,673,000       2,714,257,000       2,638,245,000        +128,572,000         -76,012,000 
          Appropriations............................     (2,413,323,000)     (2,625,667,000)     (2,638,245,000)      (+224,922,000)       (+12,578,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................        (96,350,000)        (88,590,000)  ..................       (-96,350,000)       (-88,590,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
           Radiation Exposure Compensation                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Administrative expenses.............................          2,000,000           2,000,000           2,000,000   ..................  ..................
Payment to radiation exposure compensation trust                                                                                                        
 fund...............................................          4,381,000          11,717,000   ..................         -4,381,000         -11,717,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Radiation Exposure Compensation........          6,381,000          13,717,000           2,000,000          -4,381,000         -11,717,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
             Interagency Law Enforcement                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                        
Interagency crime and drug enforcement..............        294,967,000         304,014,000         294,967,000   ..................         -9,047,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
           Federal Bureau of Investigation                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................      2,445,471,000       2,584,885,000       2,240,777,000        -204,694,000        -344,108,000 
Counterintelligence and national security...........        221,050,000         170,283,000         233,473,000         +12,423,000         +63,190,000 
FBI Fingerprint identification......................         84,400,000          47,800,000          47,800,000         -36,600,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal......................................      2,750,921,000       2,802,968,000       2,522,050,000        -228,871,000        -280,918,000 
Crime trust fund....................................        179,121,000         215,356,000         433,124,000        +254,003,000        +217,768,000 
Construction........................................         44,506,000          14,146,000           1,287,000         -43,219,000         -12,859,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Bureau of Investigation........      2,974,548,000       3,032,470,000       2,956,461,000         -18,087,000         -76,009,000 
          Appropriations............................     (2,795,427,000)     (2,817,114,000)     (2,523,337,000)      (-272,090,000)      (-293,777,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................       (179,121,000)       (215,356,000)       (433,124,000)      (+254,003,000)      (+217,768,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
           Drug Enforcement Administration                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        782,109,000         841,970,000         863,764,000         +81,655,000         +21,794,000 
    Diversion control fund..........................        -58,268,000         -76,710,000         -61,710,000          -3,442,000         +15,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................        723,841,000         765,260,000         802,054,000         +78,213,000         +36,794,000 
Crime trust fund....................................        403,537,000         405,000,000         407,000,000          +3,463,000          +2,000,000 
Construction........................................          8,000,000           8,000,000           8,000,000   ..................  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Drug Enforcement Administration........      1,135,378,000       1,178,260,000       1,217,054,000         +81,676,000         +38,794,000 
          Appropriations............................       (731,841,000)       (773,260,000)       (810,054,000)       (+78,213,000)       (+36,794,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................       (403,537,000)       (405,000,000)       (407,000,000)        (+3,463,000)        (+2,000,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
       Immigration and Naturalization Service                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................      1,657,886,000       1,867,353,000       1,169,317,000        -488,569,000        -698,036,000 
Immigration initiative (crime trust fund)...........        608,206,000         738,000,000       1,099,667,000        +491,461,000        +361,667,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Direct and crime trust fund.........      2,266,092,000       2,605,353,000       2,268,984,000          +2,892,000        -336,369,000 
    Fee accounts:                                                                                                                                       
        Immigration legalization fund...............         (1,259,000)           (998,000)           (998,000)          (-261,000)  ..................
        Immigration user fee........................       (426,622,000)       (486,071,000)       (444,290,000)       (+17,668,000)       (-41,781,000)
        Land border inspection fund.................         (3,043,000)         (3,275,000)         (3,275,000)          (+232,000)  ..................
        Immigration examinations fund...............       (785,342,000)       (826,402,000)       (905,700,000)      (+120,358,000)       (+79,298,000)
        Breached bond fund..........................       (235,272,000)       (144,870,000)       (201,995,000)       (-33,277,000)       (+57,125,000)
        Immigration enforcement fines...............         (3,800,000)         (3,800,000)         (4,050,000)          (+250,000)          (+250,000)
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Fee accounts....................     (1,455,338,000)     (1,465,416,000)     (1,560,308,000)      (+104,970,000)       (+94,892,000)
Construction........................................         75,959,000         118,170,000         110,251,000         +34,292,000          -7,919,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Immigration and Naturalization Service.     (3,797,389,000)     (4,188,939,000)     (3,939,543,000)      (+142,154,000)      (-249,396,000)
          Appropriations............................     (1,733,845,000)     (1,985,523,000)     (1,279,568,000)      (-454,277,000)      (-705,955,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................       (608,206,000)       (738,000,000)     (1,099,667,000)      (+491,461,000)      (+361,667,000)
          (Fee accounts)............................     (1,455,338,000)     (1,465,416,000)     (1,560,308,000)      (+104,970,000)       (+94,892,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                Federal Prison System                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................      2,911,642,000       3,006,494,000       2,999,956,000         +88,314,000          -6,538,000 
    Prior year carryover............................        -90,000,000         -90,000,000         -90,000,000   ..................  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................      2,821,642,000       2,916,494,000       2,909,956,000         +88,314,000          -6,538,000 
Crime trust fund....................................         26,135,000          26,559,000           9,559,000         -16,576,000         -17,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and expenses...............      2,847,777,000       2,943,053,000       2,919,515,000         +71,738,000         -23,538,000 
Buildings and facilities............................        255,133,000         413,997,000         379,197,000        +124,064,000         -34,800,000 
    Transfer from D.C. bill (Public Law 105-100)....        302,000,000   ..................  ..................       -302,000,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Buildings and facilities............        557,133,000         413,997,000         379,197,000        -177,936,000         -34,800,000 
Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated (limitation                                                                                                     
 on administrative expenses)........................         (3,266,000)         (3,266,000)         (3,266,000)  ..................  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Prison System..................      3,404,910,000       3,357,050,000       3,298,712,000        -106,198,000         -58,338,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
             Office of Justice Programs                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
Justice assistance..................................        173,600,000         307,711,000         170,151,000          -3,449,000        -137,560,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
State and local law enforcement assistance:                                                                                                             
    Direct appropriations:                                                                                                                              
        Byrne grants (discretionary)................         46,500,000   ..................         47,000,000            +500,000         +47,000,000 
        Byrne grants (formula)......................        462,500,000   ..................        505,000,000         +42,500,000        +505,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Direct appropriations...........        509,000,000   ..................        552,000,000         +43,000,000        +552,000,000 
    Crime trust fund:                                                                                                                                   
        Byrne grants (discretionary)................  ..................         47,750,000   ..................  ..................        -47,750,000 
        Byrne grants (formula)......................         42,500,000         505,000,000   ..................        -42,500,000        -505,000,000 
        Local law enforcement block grant...........        523,000,000   ..................        500,000,000         -23,000,000        +500,000,000 
            Boys and Girls clubs (earmark)..........        (20,000,000)  ..................        (40,000,000)       (+20,000,000)       (+40,000,000)
        Juvenile crime block grant..................        250,000,000   ..................        100,000,000        -150,000,000        +100,000,000 
        Youth violence courts.......................  ..................         50,000,000   ..................  ..................        -50,000,000 
        Juvenile prosecutor program.................  ..................        100,000,000   ..................  ..................       -100,000,000 
        Community prosecutors program...............  ..................         50,000,000   ..................  ..................        -50,000,000 
        Drug intervention treatment program.........  ..................         85,000,000   ..................  ..................        -85,000,000 
        Indian tribal courts program................  ..................         10,000,000          10,000,000         +10,000,000   ..................
        Juvenile drug prevention program............  ..................          5,000,000   ..................  ..................         -5,000,000 
        Drug courts.................................         30,000,000          30,000,000          40,000,000         +10,000,000         +10,000,000 
        Upgrade criminal history records............         45,000,000          45,000,000          45,000,000   ..................  ..................
        State prison grants.........................        720,500,000         711,000,000         711,000,000          -9,500,000   ..................
        State criminal alien assistance program.....        420,000,000         350,000,000         350,000,000         -70,000,000   ..................
        Violence Against Women grants...............        270,750,000         270,750,000         282,750,000         +12,000,000         +12,000,000 
        State prison drug treatment.................         63,000,000          72,000,000          63,000,000   ..................         -9,000,000 
        DNA identification grants...................  ..................         15,000,000          15,000,000         +15,000,000   ..................
        Counterterrorism technologies...............  ..................         10,000,000   ..................  ..................        -10,000,000 
        Grants to firefighters......................  ..................          5,000,000   ..................  ..................         -5,000,000 
        Other crime control programs................         17,650,000           7,900,000           7,900,000          -9,750,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Crime trust fund................      2,382,400,000       2,369,400,000       2,124,650,000        -257,750,000        -244,750,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, State and local law enforcement....      2,891,400,000       2,369,400,000       2,676,650,000        -214,750,000        +307,250,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
Weed and seed program fund..........................         33,500,000   ..................         40,000,000          +6,500,000         +40,000,000 
    Crime trust fund................................  ..................         40,000,000   ..................  ..................        -40,000,000 
Community oriented policing services................      1,400,000,000       1,400,000,000       1,400,000,000   ..................  ..................
    Police corps....................................         30,000,000          20,000,000          40,000,000         +10,000,000         +20,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Community oriented policing services...      1,430,000,000       1,420,000,000       1,440,000,000         +10,000,000         +20,000,000 
Juvenile crime control and prevention program.......        238,672,000         277,950,000         284,597,000         +45,925,000          +6,647,000 
Public safety officers benefits program:                                                                                                                
    Death benefits..................................         31,003,000          32,059,000          31,809,000            +806,000            -250,000 
    Federal law enforcement dependents assistance...          2,000,000             250,000   ..................         -2,000,000            -250,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Public safety officers benefits program         33,003,000          32,309,000          31,809,000          -1,194,000            -500,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of Justice Programs.............      4,800,175,000       4,447,370,000       4,643,207,000        -156,968,000        +195,837,000 
          Appropriations............................       (987,775,000)       (617,970,000)     (1,078,557,000)       (+90,782,000)      (+460,587,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................     (3,812,400,000)     (3,829,400,000)     (3,564,650,000)      (-247,750,000)      (-264,750,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                 General Provisions                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                        
Trustee system fund interest........................  ..................  ..................          6,000,000          +6,000,000          +6,000,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, title I, Department of Justice.........     17,764,460,000      18,294,840,000      17,799,117,000         +34,657,000        -495,723,000 
          Appropriations............................    (12,579,460,000)    (12,840,863,000)    (12,285,117,000)      (-294,343,000)      (-555,746,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................     (5,185,000,000)     (5,453,977,000)     (5,514,000,000)      (+329,000,000)       (+60,023,000)
          (Limitation on administrative expenses)...         (3,266,000)         (3,266,000)         (3,266,000)  ..................  ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
    TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED                                                                                                        
                      AGENCIES                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                        
        TRADE AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                        
  Office of the United States Trade Representative                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         23,450,000          24,836,000          24,836,000          +1,386,000   ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
           International Trade Commission                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         41,200,000          45,500,000          45,500,000          +4,300,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Related agencies.......................         64,650,000          70,336,000          70,336,000          +5,686,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
               DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
         International Trade Administration                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                        
Operations and administration.......................        283,066,000         292,452,000         310,167,000         +27,101,000         +17,715,000 
    Offsetting fee collections......................  ..................         -6,000,000          -6,000,000          -6,000,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................        283,066,000         286,452,000         304,167,000         +21,101,000         +17,715,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                Export Administration                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
Operations and administration.......................         42,000,000          48,356,000          43,794,000          +1,794,000          -4,562,000 
    CWC enforcement.................................          1,900,000           3,877,000           1,877,000             -23,000          -2,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Export Administration..................         43,900,000          52,233,000          45,671,000          +1,771,000          -6,562,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
         Economic Development Administration                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                        
Economic development assistance programs............        340,000,000         368,379,000         280,775,000         -59,225,000         -87,604,000 
Salaries and expenses...............................         21,028,000          29,590,000          22,465,000          +1,437,000          -7,125,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Economic Development Administration....        361,028,000         397,969,000         303,240,000         -57,788,000         -94,729,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
        Minority Business Development Agency                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                        
Minority business development.......................         25,000,000          28,087,000          25,276,000            +276,000          -2,811,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, Trade and Infrastructure Development...        777,644,000         835,077,000         748,690,000         -28,954,000         -86,387,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
       ECONOMIC AND INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                        
          Economic and Statistical Analysis                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         47,499,000          53,701,000          49,169,000          +1,670,000          -4,532,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                Bureau of the Census                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        137,278,000         160,102,000         141,801,000          +4,523,000         -18,301,000 
Periodic censuses and programs......................        555,813,000       1,027,784,000       1,002,458,000        +446,645,000         -25,326,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Bureau of the Census...................        693,091,000       1,187,886,000       1,144,259,000        +451,168,000         -43,627,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
     National Telecommunications and Information                                                                                                        
                   Administration                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         16,550,000          10,940,000          10,940,000          -5,610,000   ..................
Public telecommunications facilities and digital                                                                                                        
 broadcasting applications..........................         21,000,000          15,000,000          20,900,000            -100,000          +5,900,000 
Information infrastructure grants...................         20,000,000          22,000,000          11,000,000          -9,000,000         -11,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Telecommunications and                                                                                                            
       Information Administration...................         57,550,000          47,940,000          42,840,000         -14,710,000          -5,100,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
             Patent and Trademark Office                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        716,000,000         724,526,000         785,526,000         +69,526,000         +61,000,000 
    Offsetting fee collections......................       -664,000,000        -654,000,000        -654,000,000         +10,000,000   ..................
    Prior year fee funding..........................  ..................        -65,868,000         -65,868,000         -65,868,000   ..................
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover...........        -25,000,000   ..................        -65,658,000         -40,658,000         -65,658,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal......................................        (27,000,000)         (4,658,000)  ..................       (-27,000,000)        (-4,658,000)
    Rescission......................................  ..................       -116,342,000   ..................  ..................       +116,342,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Patent and Trademark Office............        (27,000,000)      (-111,684,000)  ..................       (-27,000,000)      (+111,684,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, Economic and Information Infrastructure        825,140,000       1,177,843,000       1,236,268,000        +411,128,000         +58,425,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
               SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
              Technology Administration                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
 Under Secretary for Technology/Office of Technology                                                                                                    
                       Policy                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          8,500,000           9,993,000           9,993,000          +1,493,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
   National Institute of Standards and Technology                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                        
Scientific and technical research and services......        276,852,000         291,636,000         290,636,000         +13,784,000          -1,000,000 
Industrial technology services......................        306,000,000         366,691,000         299,300,000          -6,700,000         -67,391,000 
Construction of research facilities.................         95,000,000          56,714,000          56,714,000         -38,286,000   ..................
    Advance appropriations, fiscal year 2000-2002...  ..................        115,000,000   ..................  ..................       -115,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Institute of Standards and                                                                                                        
       Technology...................................        677,852,000         830,041,000         646,650,000         -31,202,000        -183,391,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
   National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Operations, research, and facilities................      1,512,050,000       1,486,481,000       1,608,914,000         +96,864,000        +122,433,000 
    Aeronautical charting fees......................  ..................  ..................  ..................  ..................  ..................
    New offsetting collections--fisheries fees......  ..................        -19,781,000   ..................  ..................        +19,781,000 
    New offsetting collections--navigation fees.....  ..................         -2,500,000   ..................  ..................         +2,500,000 
    Offsetting collections--fees....................         -3,000,000   ..................  ..................         +3,000,000   ..................
    Limited access system administrative fund.......  ..................         -3,000,000          -3,000,000          -3,000,000   ..................
    IFQ/CDQ offsetting receipts.....................  ..................          4,000,000           4,000,000          +4,000,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................      1,509,050,000       1,465,200,000       1,609,914,000        +100,864,000        +144,714,000 
    (By transfer from Promote and Develop Fund).....        (62,381,000)        (62,381,000)        (63,073,000)          (+692,000)          (+692,000)
    (By transfer from Damage assessment and                                                                                                             
     restoration revolving fund, permanent).........          5,000,000           5,000,000           4,713,000            -287,000            -287,000 
    (Damage assessment and restoration revolving                                                                                                        
     fund)..........................................         -5,000,000          -5,000,000          -4,713,000            +287,000            +287,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Operations, research and facilities....      1,509,050,000       1,465,200,000       1,609,914,000        +100,864,000        +144,714,000 
Procurement, acquisition and construction...........        491,609,000         621,595,000         587,922,000         +96,313,000         -33,673,000 
    Advance appropriations, fiscal year 2000-2011...  ..................      2,797,815,000   ..................  ..................     -2,797,815,000 
Coastal zone management fund........................         (7,800,000)         (4,000,000)         (4,000,000)        (-3,800,000)  ..................
    Mandatory offset................................        (-7,800,000)        (-4,000,000)        (-4,000,000)        (+3,800,000)  ..................
Fishermen's contingency fund........................            953,000             953,000             953,000   ..................  ..................
Foreign fishing observer fund.......................            189,000             189,000             189,000   ..................  ..................
Fisheries finance program account...................            338,000             238,000             388,000             +50,000            +150,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, National Oceanic and Atmospheric                                                                                                           
       Administration...............................      2,002,139,000       4,885,990,000       2,199,366,000        +197,227,000      -2,686,624,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, Science and Technology.................      2,688,491,000       5,726,024,000       2,856,009,000        +167,518,000      -2,870,015,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
               General Administration                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         27,490,000          32,187,000          31,765,000          +4,275,000            -422,000 
Office of Inspector General.........................         20,140,000          21,662,000          20,662,000            +522,000          -1,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, General administration.................         47,630,000          53,849,000          52,427,000          +4,797,000          -1,422,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
   National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Operations, research and facilities (rescission)....        -20,500,000   ..................  ..................        +20,500,000   ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
   United States Travel and Tourism Administration                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses (rescission)..................         -3,000,000   ..................  ..................         +3,000,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of Commerce.................      4,250,755,000       7,722,457,000       4,823,058,000        +572,303,000      -2,899,399,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, title II, Department of Commerce and                                                                                                       
       related agencies.............................      4,315,405,000       7,792,793,000       4,893,394,000        +577,989,000      -2,899,399,000 
          Appropriations............................     (4,338,905,000)     (4,996,320,000)     (4,893,394,000)      (+554,489,000)      (-102,926,000)
          Rescissions...............................       (-23,500,000)      (-116,342,000)  ..................       (+23,500,000)      (+116,342,000)
          Advance appropriations....................  ..................     (2,912,815,000)  ..................  ..................    (-2,912,815,000)
          (By transfer).............................        (62,381,000)        (62,381,000)        (63,073,000)          (+692,000)          (+692,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
              TITLE III--THE JUDICIARY                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
         Supreme Court of the United States                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                  
    Salaries of justices............................          1,654,000           1,690,000           1,654,000   ..................            -36,000 
    Other salaries and expenses.....................         27,591,000          29,405,000          29,405,000          +1,814,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses..................         29,245,000          31,095,000          31,059,000          +1,814,000             -36,000 
Care of the building and grounds....................          3,400,000           5,871,000           5,871,000          +2,471,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Supreme Court of the United States.....         32,645,000          36,966,000          36,930,000          +4,285,000             -36,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
   United States Court of Appeals for the Federal                                                                                                       
                       Circuit                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                  
    Salaries of judges..............................          1,887,000           1,943,000           1,901,000             +14,000             -42,000 
    Other salaries and expenses.....................         13,688,000          14,885,000          13,730,000             +42,000          -1,155,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses..................         15,575,000          16,828,000          15,631,000             +56,000          -1,197,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
     United States Court of International Trade                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                  
    Salaries of judges..............................          1,483,000           1,506,000           1,488,000              +5,000             -18,000 
    Other salaries and expenses.....................          9,966,000          10,316,000           9,995,000             +29,000            -321,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses..................         11,449,000          11,822,000          11,483,000             +34,000            -339,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
    Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other                                                                                                       
                  Judicial Services                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses:                                                                                                                                  
    Salaries of judges and bankruptcy judges........        227,674,000         238,329,000         231,532,000          +3,858,000          -6,797,000 
    Other salaries and expenses.....................      2,454,726,000       2,710,394,000       2,576,984,000        +122,258,000        -133,410,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................      2,682,400,000       2,948,723,000       2,808,516,000        +126,116,000        -140,207,000 
    Crime trust fund................................         40,000,000          60,000,000   ..................        -40,000,000         -60,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and expenses..................      2,722,400,000       3,008,723,000       2,808,516,000         +86,116,000        -200,207,000 
Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund..............          2,450,000           2,515,000           2,515,000             +65,000   ..................
Defender services...................................        329,529,000         360,952,000         360,952,000         +31,423,000   ..................
Fees of jurors and commissioners....................         64,438,000          68,173,000          68,721,000          +4,283,000            +548,000 
Court security......................................        167,214,000         179,055,000         176,873,000          +9,659,000          -2,182,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and                                                                                                    
       Other Judicial Services......................      3,286,031,000       3,619,418,000       3,417,577,000        +131,546,000        -201,841,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
  Administrative Office of the United States Courts                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         52,000,000          56,156,000          54,682,000          +2,682,000          -1,474,000 
                                                                                                                                                        
               Federal Judicial Center                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         17,495,000          18,470,000          17,716,000            +221,000            -754,000 
                                                                                                                                                        
              Judicial Retirement Funds                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
Payment to Judiciary Trust Funds....................         34,200,000          37,300,000          37,300,000          +3,100,000   ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
         United States Sentencing Commission                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          9,240,000           9,900,000           9,374,000            +134,000            -526,000 
                                                                                                                                                        
                 General Provisions                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                        
Judges' pay raise...................................          5,000,000   ..................          6,893,000          +1,893,000          +6,893,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, title III, the Judiciary...............      3,463,635,000       3,806,860,000       3,607,586,000        +143,951,000        -199,274,000 
          Appropriations............................     (3,423,635,000)     (3,746,860,000)     (3,607,586,000)      (+183,951,000)      (-139,274,000)
          Crime trust fund..........................        (40,000,000)        (60,000,000)  ..................       (-40,000,000)       (-60,000,000)
                                                     ===================================================================================================
            TITLE IV--DEPARTMENT OF STATE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
          Administration of Foreign Affairs                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                        
Diplomatic and consular programs....................      1,705,600,000       1,664,882,000       1,685,094,000         -20,506,000         +20,212,000 
    (Transfer out)..................................  ..................  ..................        (-4,000,000)        (-4,000,000)        (-4,000,000)
    (Transfer out)..................................  ..................  ..................       (-13,000,000)       (-13,000,000)       (-13,000,000)
    Registration fees...............................            700,000             700,000             700,000   ..................  ..................
    Security........................................         23,700,000          25,700,000   ..................        -23,700,000         -25,700,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Diplomatic and consular programs.......      1,730,000,000       1,691,282,000       1,685,794,000         -44,206,000          -5,488,000 
Salaries and expenses...............................        363,513,000         367,778,000         349,474,000         -14,039,000         -18,304,000 
Capital investment fund.............................         86,000,000         118,340,000         118,340,000         +32,340,000   ..................
Office of Inspector General.........................         27,495,000          28,717,000          27,495,000   ..................         -1,222,000 
Representation allowances...........................          4,200,000           4,300,000           6,500,000          +2,300,000          +2,200,000 
Protection of foreign missions and officials........          7,900,000           8,100,000           7,900,000   ..................           -200,000 
Security and maintenance of United States missions..        404,000,000         640,800,000         550,832,000        +146,832,000         -89,968,000 
Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service..          5,500,000           5,500,000           3,500,000          -2,000,000          -2,000,000 
    By transfer.....................................  ..................  ..................         (4,000,000)        (+4,000,000)        (+4,000,000)
Repatriation Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                     
    Direct loans subsidy............................            593,000             593,000             543,000             -50,000             -50,000 
    Administrative expenses.........................            607,000             607,000             457,000            -150,000            -150,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Repatriation loans program account.....          1,200,000           1,200,000           1,000,000            -200,000            -200,000 
Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan.........         14,000,000          16,426,000          14,490,000            +490,000          -1,936,000 
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and                                                                                                           
 Disability Fund....................................        129,935,000         132,500,000         132,500,000          +2,565,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administration of Foreign Affairs......      2,773,743,000       3,014,943,000       2,897,825,000        +124,082,000        -117,118,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
     International Organizations and Conferences                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                        
Contributions to international organizations,                                                                                                           
 current year assessment............................        901,515,000         930,773,000         877,718,000         -23,797,000         -53,055,000 
        (Transfer out)..............................  ..................  ..................        (-1,223,000)        (-1,223,000)        (-1,223,000)
    Prior year assessment...........................         54,000,000   ..................        254,000,000        +200,000,000        +254,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal......................................        955,515,000         930,773,000       1,131,718,000        +176,203,000        +200,945,000 
Contributions for international peacekeeping                                                                                                            
 activities, current year...........................        210,000,000         231,000,000         210,093,000             +93,000         -20,907,000 
    Prior year assessment...........................         46,000,000   ..................        221,000,000        +175,000,000        +221,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal......................................        256,000,000         231,000,000         431,093,000        +175,093,000        +200,093,000 
International conferences and contingencies.........  ..................          1,223,000   ..................  ..................         -1,223,000 
    (By transfer)...................................  ..................  ..................          1,223,000          +1,223,000          +1,223,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Organizations and                                                                                                            
       Conferences..................................      1,211,515,000       1,162,996,000       1,562,811,000        +351,296,000        +399,815,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
              International Commissions                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
International Boundary and Water Commission, United                                                                                                     
 States and Mexico:                                                                                                                                     
    Salaries and expenses...........................         17,490,000          19,179,000          17,490,000   ..................         -1,689,000 
    Construction....................................          6,463,000           7,125,000           6,463,000   ..................           -662,000 
American sections, international commissions........          5,490,000           5,867,000           5,490,000   ..................           -377,000 
International fisheries commissions.................         14,549,000          14,549,000          14,549,000   ..................  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International commissions..............         43,992,000          46,720,000          43,992,000   ..................         -2,728,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                        Other                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                        
Payment to the Asia Foundation......................          8,000,000          15,000,000   ..................         -8,000,000         -15,000,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, Department of State....................      4,037,250,000       4,239,659,000       4,504,628,000        +467,378,000        +264,969,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
                  RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
         Arms Control and Disarmament Agency                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                        
Arms control and disarmament activities.............         41,500,000          43,400,000          43,400,000          +1,900,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
          United States Information Agency                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
International information programs..................        427,097,000         461,728,000         427,097,000   ..................        -34,631,000 
Technology fund.....................................          5,050,000           5,050,000           5,050,000   ..................  ..................
Educational and cultural exchange programs..........        197,731,000         199,024,000         205,024,000          +7,293,000          +6,000,000 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program, trust fund..            570,000             600,000             525,000             -45,000             -75,000 
Israeli Arab scholarship program....................            400,000             400,000             350,000             -50,000             -50,000 
International Broadcasting Operations...............        364,415,000         388,690,000         332,915,000         -31,500,000         -55,775,000 
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 105-174)...          5,000,000   ..................  ..................         -5,000,000   ..................
Broadcasting to Cuba (direct).......................         22,095,000   ..................         22,095,000   ..................        +22,095,000 
Radio construction..................................         40,000,000          25,308,000          13,245,000         -26,755,000         -12,063,000 
East-West Center....................................         12,000,000           5,000,000          12,000,000   ..................         +7,000,000 
    (By transfer)...................................  ..................  ..................        (13,000,000)       (+13,000,000)       (+13,000,000)
North/South Center..................................          1,500,000           2,500,000           3,000,000          +1,500,000            +500,000 
National Endowment for Democracy....................         30,000,000          31,000,000          30,500,000            +500,000            -500,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Information Agency.......      1,105,858,000       1,119,300,000       1,051,801,000         -54,057,000         -67,499,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
         Arms Control and Disarmament Agency                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                        
Arms control and disarmament activities (rescission)           -700,000   ..................  ..................           +700,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, related agencies.......................      1,146,658,000       1,162,700,000       1,095,201,000         -51,457,000         -67,499,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, title IV, Department of State..........      5,183,908,000       5,402,359,000       5,599,829,000        +415,921,000        +197,470,000 
          Appropriations............................     (5,179,608,000)     (5,402,359,000)     (5,599,829,000)      (+420,221,000)      (+197,470,000)
          Emergency appropriations..................         (5,000,000)  ..................  ..................        (-5,000,000)  ..................
          Rescissions...............................          (-700,000)  ..................  ..................          (+700,000)  ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
              TITLE V--RELATED AGENCIES                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
            DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                        
               Maritime Administration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
Operating-differential subsidies (liquidation of                                                                                                        
 contract authority)................................        (51,030,000)  ..................  ..................       (-51,030,000)  ..................
Maritime Security Program...........................         35,500,000          97,650,000          97,650,000         +62,150,000   ..................
Operations and training.............................         67,600,000          70,553,000          69,818,000          +2,218,000            -735,000 
Maritime Guaranteed Loan (Title XI) Program Account:                                                                                                    
    Guaranteed loans subsidy........................         32,000,000           6,000,000           6,000,000         -26,000,000   ..................
    Administrative expenses.........................          3,725,000           4,000,000           4,000,000            +275,000   ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Maritime guaranteed loan program                                                                                                           
       account......................................         35,725,000          10,000,000          10,000,000         -25,725,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, Maritime Administration................        138,825,000         178,203,000         177,468,000         +38,643,000            -735,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
    Commission for the Preservation of America's                                                                                                        
                   Heritage Abroad                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................            250,000             250,000             250,000   ..................  ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
             Commission on Civil Rights                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          8,740,000          11,000,000           8,900,000            +160,000          -2,100,000 
                                                                                                                                                        
          Commission on Immigration Reform                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................            459,000   ..................  ..................           -459,000   ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
  Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          1,090,000           1,090,000           1,159,000             +69,000             +69,000 
                                                                                                                                                        
       Equal Employment Opportunity Commission                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        242,000,000         279,000,000         253,580,000         +11,580,000         -25,420,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
          Federal Communications Commission                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        186,514,000         212,977,000         197,921,000         +11,407,000         -15,056,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--current year........       -162,523,000   ..................       -172,523,000         -10,000,000        -172,523,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................         23,991,000         212,977,000          25,398,000          +1,407,000        -187,579,000 
      Offsetting collections........................  ..................       -172,523,000   ..................  ..................       +172,523,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
             Federal Maritime Commission                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................         14,000,000          14,500,000          14,300,000            +300,000            -200,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
              Federal Trade Commission                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        106,500,000         112,867,000         111,867,000          +5,367,000          -1,000,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover...........        -18,000,000         -11,700,000         -18,700,000            -700,000          -7,000,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--current year........        -70,000,000   ..................        -90,000,000         -20,000,000         -90,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................         18,500,000         101,167,000           3,167,000         -15,333,000         -98,000,000 
      Offsetting collections........................  ..................        -86,000,000   ..................  ..................        +86,000,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
          Gambling Impact Study Commission                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          1,000,000   ..................  ..................         -1,000,000   ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
             Legal Services Corporation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
Payment to the Legal Services Corporation...........        283,000,000         340,000,000         300,000,000         +17,000,000         -40,000,000 
                                                                                                                                                        
              Marine Mammal Commission                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................          1,185,000           1,240,000           1,240,000             +55,000   ..................
                                                                                                                                                        
               Ocean Policy Commission                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................  ..................  ..................          3,500,000          +3,500,000          +3,500,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
         Securities and Exchange Commission                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        315,000,000         118,098,000         341,098,000         +26,098,000        +223,000,000 
    Offsetting fee collections......................       -249,523,000   ..................       -341,098,000         -91,575,000        -341,098,000 
    Offsetting fee collections--carryover...........        -32,000,000   ..................  ..................        +32,000,000   ..................
    Current year fees...............................  ..................        205,000,000   ..................  ..................       -205,000,000 
    1998 fees.......................................  ..................         18,000,000   ..................  ..................        -18,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct appropriation..........................         33,477,000         341,098,000   ..................        -33,477,000        -341,098,000 
      Offsetting collections........................  ..................       -346,000,000   ..................  ..................       +346,000,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
            Small Business Administration                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses...............................        254,200,000         281,100,000         265,000,000         +10,800,000         -16,100,000 
Office of Inspector General.........................         10,000,000          11,300,000          10,500,000            +500,000            -800,000 
Business Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                         
    Direct loans subsidy............................  ..................          5,724,000           3,816,000          +3,816,000          -1,908,000 
    Guaranteed loans subsidy........................        181,232,000         163,000,000         143,000,000         -38,232,000         -20,000,000 
    Administrative expenses.........................         94,000,000          94,000,000          94,000,000   ..................  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Business loans program account.........        275,232,000         262,724,000         240,816,000         -34,416,000         -21,908,000 
Disaster Loans Program Account:                                                                                                                         
    Direct loans subsidy............................         23,200,000   ..................  ..................        -23,200,000   ..................
    Administrative expenses.........................        150,000,000         166,000,000          94,000,000         -56,000,000         -72,000,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Disaster loans program account.........        173,200,000         166,000,000          94,000,000         -79,200,000         -72,000,000 
Surety bond guarantees revolving fund...............          3,500,000           3,300,000           3,300,000            -200,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, Small Business Administration..........        716,132,000         724,424,000         613,616,000        -102,516,000        -110,808,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
               State Justice Institute                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                        
Salaries and expenses \1\...........................          6,850,000          12,000,000           6,850,000   ..................         -5,150,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Total, title V, Related agencies..............      1,489,499,000       1,612,426,000       1,409,428,000         -80,071,000        -202,998,000 
          Appropriations............................     (1,489,499,000)     (1,612,426,000)     (1,409,428,000)       (-80,071,000)      (-202,998,000)
          (Liquidation of contract authority).......        (51,030,000)  ..................  ..................       (-51,030,000)  ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
            TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                        
                   GOVERNMENT-WIDE                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Defense function (by transfer)......................        (33,169,000)  ..................  ..................       (-33,169,000)  ..................
International function (by transfer)................        (45,432,000)  ..................  ..................       (-45,432,000)  ..................
Domestic function (by transfer).....................        (31,061,000)  ..................  ..................       (-31,061,000)  ..................
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title VI, general provisions...........  ..................  ..................  ..................  ..................  ..................
          (By transfer).............................       (109,662,000)  ..................  ..................      (-109,662,000)  ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
               TITLE VII--RESCISSIONS                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
                DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
               General Administration                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
Working capital fund (rescission)...................       -100,000,000         -45,326,000         -45,326,000         +54,674,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
           Federal Bureau of Investigation                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Fiscal year 1998 FBI Legal Attache (rescission).....  ..................  ..................         -4,178,000          -4,178,000          -4,178,000 
Fiscal year 1996 FBI construction (rescission)......  ..................  ..................         -6,000,000          -6,000,000          -6,000,000 
Fiscal year 1998 FBI construction (rescission)......  ..................  ..................         -4,000,000          -4,000,000          -4,000,000 
No Year FBI salaries and expenses (rescission)......  ..................  ..................         -6,400,000          -6,400,000          -6,400,000 
Fiscal year 1996 VCRP (rescission)..................  ..................  ..................         -2,000,000          -2,000,000          -2,000,000 
Fiscal year 1997 VCRP (rescission)..................  ..................  ..................           -300,000            -300,000            -300,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Bureau of Investigation........  ..................  ..................        -22,878,000         -22,878,000         -22,878,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
               DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                        
Fiscal year 1998 Commerce (rescission)..............  ..................  ..................         -2,090,000          -2,090,000          -2,090,000 
                                                     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title VII, Rescissions.................       -100,000,000         -45,326,000         -70,294,000         +29,706,000         -24,968,000 
                                                     ===================================================================================================
  TITLE VIII--EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                        
   National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                        
Operations, research and facilities.................          7,000,000   ..................  ..................         -7,000,000   ..................
                                                     ===================================================================================================
      Grand total:                                                                                                                                      
          New budget (obligational) authority.......     32,123,907,000      36,863,952,000      33,239,060,000      +1,115,153,000      -3,624,892,000 
              Appropriations........................    (27,018,107,000)    (28,598,828,000)    (27,793,264,000)      (+775,157,000)      (-805,564,000)
              Emergency appropriations..............         (5,000,000)  ..................  ..................        (-5,000,000)  ..................
              Advance appropriations................  ..................     (2,912,815,000)  ..................  ..................    (-2,912,815,000)
              Rescissions...........................      (-124,200,000)      (-161,668,000)       (-68,204,000)       (+55,996,000)       (+93,464,000)
              Crime trust fund......................     (5,225,000,000)     (5,513,977,000)     (5,514,000,000)      (+289,000,000)           (+23,000)
          (By transfer).............................       (172,043,000)        (62,381,000)        (81,296,000)       (-90,747,000)       (+18,915,000)
          (Limitation on administrative expenses)...         (3,266,000)         (3,266,000)         (3,266,000)  ..................  ..................
          (Liquidation of contract authority).......        (51,030,000)  ..................  ..................       (-51,030,000)  ..................
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ President's budget proposed $6,000,000 for State Justice Institute.