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106th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    106-283

======================================================================



 
DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED 
             AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, FISCAL YEAR 2000

                                _______
                                

 August 2, 1999.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

_______________________________________________________________________


    Mr. Rogers, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            ADDITIONAL VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2670]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and 
State, the Judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2000.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

_______________________________________________________________________


                                                            Page Number

                                                            Bill Report
Title I--Department of Justice.............................     2     7
Title II--Department of Commerce and Related Agencies......    41    59
        Office of the United States Trade Representative...    41    60
        Department of Commerce.............................    42    61
Title III--The Judiciary...................................    64    95
Title IV--Department of State and Related Agency...........    71   102
        Department of State................................    71   102
        Broadcasting Board of Governors....................    84   121
Title V--Related Agencies..................................    87   123
        Department of Transportation: Maritime 
            Administration.................................    87   123
        Commission for the Preservation of America's 
            Heritage Abroad................................    89   125
        Commission on Civil Rights.........................    89   126
        Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe...    90   126
        Equal Employment Opportunity Commission............    90   126
        Federal Communication Commission...................    91   128
        Federal Maritime Commission........................    92   128
        Federal Trade Commission...........................    92   128
        Legal Services Corporation.........................    93   129
        Marine Mammal Commission...........................    94   130
        Securities and Exchange Commission.................    95   130
        Small Business Administration......................    96   131
        State Justice Institute............................
                                                                    136
Title VI--General Provisions...............................    99   136
Title VII--Rescissions.....................................   109   139

                Summary of Estimates and Recommendations

    The Committee recommends a total of $35,773,511,000 in 
discretionary budget authority, for the Departments and 
agencies funded in the bill, of which $27,081,258,000 is 
general purpose discretionary budget authority, $4,216,000,000 
is discretionary budget authority from the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund, $4,476,253,000 is emergency budget 
authority. The Committee also recommends $537,325,000 for 
mandatory programs funded within this bill.
    For discretionary programs, the recommendation is 
$2,472,728,000 below the request, excluding the request for 
advance appropriations, and $2,566,811,000 above the amounts 
enacted for the current fiscal year. Excluding the increase for 
the 2000 Census provided in the bill, the recommendation is 
$833,606,000 below the fiscal year 1999 level.

                         Highlights of the Bill

    Major initiatives and highlights contained in the 
recommendation follow:

                                              Department of Justice
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2000 recommendation
                                                                                              compared with
                                                     1999         2000         2000    -------------------------
                                                   enacted      request    recommended      1999         2000
                                                                                          enacted     requested
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Department of Justice:
    Discretionary..............................       12,610       14,250       14,053       +1,443         -197
    Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.........        5,471        4,150        4,033       -1,438         -117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$2.82 billion for State and local law enforcement 
assistance to continue successful crime fighting programs, $1.2 
billion more than requested by the Administration, including 
$523 million for the Local Law Enforcement Block Grant program; 
$552 million for the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law 
Enforcement Assistance Grant program, $686 million for the 
Truth-in-Sentencing State Prison Grant program; and $283 
million for Violence Against Women Act programs.
    --$702 million to continue juvenile crime control and 
prevention programs, including $284.5 million for juvenile 
prevention programs, including $130 million for the Juvenile 
Delinquency Prevention Block Grant program; $250 million for 
the Juvenile Accountability Block Grant program; and $192.5 
million to continue the safe schools initiative, including $150 
million to hire police to work directly with schools and 
communities to develop ways to improve school safety.
    --$3 billion in direct funding, a $484 million increase, to 
enforce our immigration laws, including 1,000 new border 
patrol, increased detention of criminal and illegal aliens, and 
continuation of the interior enforcement and naturalization 
background reduction initiatives. Also included is $585 million 
to reimburse States for the incarceration of illegal aliens, 
$85 million more than requested by the Administration.
    --Funding increases above the fiscal year 1999 level for 
key Federal law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, US 
Attorneys, and US Marshals, to maintain current operating 
levels, offset by decreased funding requirements for the COPS 
program, which is funded at the level authorized in fiscal year 
2000.
    --$1.3 billion for the Drug Enforcement Administration to 
continue the fight against drugs, an increase of $73 million 
over the fiscal year 1999, including $31 million in program 
enhancements to bolster the Caribbean enforcement strategy and 
enhance our drug intelligence capabilities.

                                   DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2000 recommendation
                                                                                              compared with
                                                     1999         2000         2000    -------------------------
                                                   enacted      request    recommended      1999         2000
                                                                                          enacted      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title II--Department of Commerce and Related
 Agencies:
    Discretionary..............................        5,172        9,097        8,084       +2,912       -1,013
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$4.48 billion for the 2000 decennial census, $11 million 
below the request, and $3.4 billion above the fiscal year 1999 
appropriation, to fully fund the preparations for and 
implementation of the census, considered as emergency spending.
    --$3.61 billion for other Commerce programs, $1 billion 
below the request, and $498 million below the fiscal year 1999 
appropriation.
    --$600 million for the National Weather Service, a $40 
million increase over fiscal year 1999, and $365 million for 
trade agencies, a $12 million increase, to maintain current 
level of operation at the Weather Service and prevent the 
closing of any Commercial offices, more than offset by net 
reductions of $208 million in lower priority programs within 
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and 
termination of the Advanced Technology Program, funded in 
fiscal year 1999 at a net level of $197 million.

                                                    JUDICIARY
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2000 recommendation
                                                                                              compared with
                                                     1999         2000         2000    -------------------------
                                                   enacted      request    recommended      1999         2000
                                                                                          enacted      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title III--The Judiciary:
    Discretionary..............................        3,330        3,813        3,456         +126         -356
    Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.........           41           66          183         +142         +117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$3.64 billion for the discretionary programs of the 
Federal Judiciary, an increase of $268 million, or 8 percent, 
to allow the Federal courts to maintain operations at the 
fiscal year 1999 level. This increase is consistent with the 
increases provided for Federal law enforcement agencies funded 
in this bill, as part of the bill's priority to maintain law 
enforcement at the current level of operations.

                                     DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2000 recommendation
                                                                                              compared with
                                                     1999         2000         2000    -------------------------
                                                   enacted      request    recommended      1999         2000
                                                                                          enacted     requested
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title IV--Department of State and Related
 Agency:
    Discretionary..............................        5,369        6,178        5,672         +303         -506
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$5.7 billion for the Department of State and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors appropriations, an increase of 
$303 million above the current fiscal year, and $506 million 
below the request.
    --$568 million to address critical embassy security needs, 
and begin designing and constructing replacement facilities for 
the most vulnerable overseas posts.
    --$351 million for international organization arrearages, 
subject to authorization that makes payment of arrearages 
contingent upon reforms.
    --$2.73 billion for the domestic and overseas operations of 
a consolidated Department, including $481 million for public 
diplomacy and exchange programs previously carried out by the 
U.S. Information Agency.
    --$422 million for all U.S. Government-sponsored 
international broadcasting, functioning as an independent 
agency under the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

                                                RELATED AGENCIES
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           2000 recommendation
                                                                                              compared with
                                                     1999         2000         2000    -------------------------
                                                   enacted      request    recommended      1999         2000
                                                                                          enacted     requested
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title V--Related Agencies:
    Discretionary..............................        1,856        2,199        1,688         -168         -511
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$1.7 billion for the related agencies funded in the bill, 
a reduction of $511 million from the request, and $168 million 
below the fiscal year 1999 appropriation, preserving core 
agencies and functions while reducing or eliminating low 
priority programs.
    --$734 million for the Small Business Administration, 
including $130 million above the non-emergency request to 
provide for over $900 million in disaster loans.
    --$177 million for the Maritime Administration, including 
$98.7 million, the full amount requested, for the Maritime 
Security Program.

            Reprogrammings, Reorganizations, and Relocations

    The House and Senate reports accompanying the 
appropriations bills for the Departments of Commerce, Justice, 
and State, the Judiciary, and the Related Agencies for several 
years have contained language concerning the reprogramming of 
funds between programs and activities. This matter is addressed 
in section 605 of the General Provisions contained in the 
accompanying bill.
    The Committee expects each department and agency to follow 
closely the reprogramming procedures listed below which are the 
same as provisions that applied in statute during fiscal year 
1999. These procedures apply to funds provided under this Act, 
or provided under previous Appropriations Acts that remain 
available for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2000, or 
provided through the collection of fees to the agencies funded 
by this Act.
    The Committee desires and expects that the Chairman of the 
Subcommittee on the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and 
State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies will be notified by 
letter a minimum of 15 days prior to--
    (1) Reprogramming of funds, whether permanent or temporary, 
in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, between 
programs or activities. This provision is also applicable in 
cases where several activities are involved with each receiving 
less than $500,000. In addition, the Committee desires to be 
notified of reprogramming actions which are less than these 
amounts if such actions would have the effect of committing the 
agency to significant funding requirements in future years.
    (2) Increasing funds or personnel by any means for any 
project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
restricted.
    (3) Creating new programs, offices, agencies or commissions 
or substantial augmentation of existing programs, offices, 
agencies or commissions.
    (4) Relocating offices or employees.
    (5) Reorganizing offices, programs, or activities.
    In addition, the Committee desires and expects any 
department or agency funded in the accompanying bill which is 
planning to conduct a reduction-in-force to notify the 
Committee by letter 30 days in advance of the date of the 
proposed personnel action.
    The Committee also expects that any items which are subject 
to interpretation will be reported.
    The Committee is concerned that in some instances, the 
departments or agencies funded within this Appropriations Act 
are not adhering to the Committee's reprogramming policy and 
procedures which are set forth in this report and in section 
605 of the accompanying bill. The Committee expects each 
department and agency funded in the bill to follow these 
notification policies precisely and not reallocate resources or 
reorganize activities prior to submitting the required 
notifications to the Committee. The Committee has provided each 
of the departments, the Judiciary, and the Small Business 
Administration with transfer authority, which is the same as 
the transfer authority provided in the fiscal year 1999 
Appropriations Act. The Committee believes such authority, 
together with the traditional reprogramming policy, gives each 
department, the Judiciary and the Small Business Administration 
the needed discretion to respond to unanticipated circumstances 
and requirements which may arise throughout the fiscal year.

           Relationship With Budget and Comptroller's Offices

    Through the years the Appropriations Committee has 
channeled most of its inquiries and requests for information 
and assistance through the budget offices or comptroller 
organizations of the various departments, agencies, commissions 
and the Judiciary. The Committee has often pointed out the 
natural affinity and relationship between these organizations 
and the Appropriations Committee which makes such a 
relationship imperative. The Committee reiterates its position 
that while it always reserves the right to call upon all 
organizations in the departments, agencies, commissions and the 
Judiciary for information and assistance, the primary 
conjunction between the Committee and these entities must be 
through the budget offices and comptroller organizations.
    The Committee appreciates all of the assistance received 
from each of the departments, agencies, commissions and the 
Judiciary during this past year. The workload generated in the 
budget process is large and growing, and therefore, a positive, 
responsive relationship between the Committee and the budget 
and/or comptroller offices is absolutely essential to the 
appropriations process of the United States Government.

          Staffing and Operations Outside of the United States

    The Committee remains concerned that there does not yet 
appear to be any systematic control over the size and growth of 
Federal department and agency presence outside of the United 
States, raising the likelihood that resources are being 
misallocated. The Committee, in conjunction with the 
Administration, has begun a number of initiatives to improve 
the situation, including the overseas staffing model for the 
State Department, and the new International Cooperative Support 
Services system, to better allocate costs of overseas presence 
to each agency, in order to make the decision to assign 
personnel overseas based on true cost. Most recently, the 
Committee has supported the Overseas Presence Advisory Panel, 
which will soon present recommendations to the Secretary of 
State.
    This concern is due in large part to the cost implications. 
It costs two to three times as much to maintain an employee 
outside of the United States as it does within the United 
States. It is clear that rationalizing and systematizing 
staffing and operations in foreign countries has the potential 
for large budgetary savings.
    The Committee wishes to make it clear that any expansion of 
staffing or presence overseas is to be brought to the attention 
of the Committee at the outset of the planning process, well in 
advance of the proposed use of any funds appropriated in this 
Act, or any prior or subsequent appropriations Acts, preferably 
through the annual budget submission, and as a last resort 
through the reprogramming process. The Committee remains intent 
upon finding the proper way to assure control of the deployment 
of personnel and resources outside of the United States.

                     TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

    The Committee recommends $18,213,926,000 in new budget 
(obligational) authority in the accompanying bill for the 
Department of Justice for fiscal year 2000. This amount is 
$6,476,000 more than the appropriation for the current year, 
and is $329,023,000 below the budget request for fiscal year 
2000.
    Of the total amount provided, $14,053,171,000 is derived 
from general purpose discretionary funds, which represents an 
increase of $1,443,487,000 above the current year. An 
additional $4,033,214,000 is derived from the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund, which is a decrease of $1,437,743,000 in 
spending from the Trust Fund from the current year. The 
increase in general purpose discretionary funds reflects the 
decrease in Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund pursuant to the 
budget resolution. The remaining $126,541,000 provided is 
scored as mandatory spending.
    The Committee recommendation for the Department of Justice 
reflects the continuing commitment of the Congress to maintain 
funding for the Nation's top domestic priority--fighting 
crime--while at the same time fulfilling the commitment to a 
balanced budget made by the Congress and the Administration in 
1997. Over the past four years, Congress has increased funding 
for the Department of Justice by almost $6 billion, 
representing a 50 percent increase in resources, and the 
results are showing. The violent crime rate is at its lowest 
level since the Department of Justice began tracking the 
statistics in 1973, crime rates for all other crimes have also 
declined. As a result, our communities are safer, and violent 
criminals are serving longer sentences and not being released 
back into the community.
    The recommendation reflects the Committee's commitment to 
supporting these successful crime fighting efforts, by 
empowering our local communities to fight crime and drugs. We 
must stay the course, and continue support for proven programs 
which have given us results. Now is not the time to eliminate 
successful programs in favor of new, undefined, and untested 
programs. Consequently, the recommendation includes 
$2,822,950,000 for State and local law enforcement assistance, 
which is $1,244,450,000 more than requested by the President, 
including restoration of funding for the Local Law Enforcement 
Block Grant program at $523,000,000, and the Truth-in-
Sentencing State Prison Grant program at $521,500,000, programs 
which the Administration proposed to eliminate. The Committee 
has also rejected the President's request to cut the Byrne Law 
Enforcement Assistance formula grant program by $105,000,000.
    The Committee notes that, according to the Administration, 
the COPs program will have attained its purpose of providing 
100,000 new police officers in fiscal year 1999. Therefore, the 
recommendation includes the full amount authorized for the 
final year of the program, and utilizes these resources to 
continue innovative technology, bullet-proof vests, school 
violence and drug initiatives. The recommendation includes 
continued funding for programs to prevent and punish juvenile 
crime, including $284,597,000 for juvenile crime prevention 
programs, as requested, and $250,000,000 for the juvenile crime 
block grant initiated by Congress in 1998 and for which the 
Administration proposed no funding.
    The bill includes significant funding for Federal law 
enforcement programs to combat drugs and illegal immigration. 
The recommendation provides an increase of $72,437,000 for the 
Drug Enforcement Administration, the full amount requested, 
with increases targeted at drug trafficking in the Caribbean. 
The recommendation also continues funding to address the 
problem of illegal immigration, including a $300,000,000 
increase for the INS for 1,000 new border patrol agents and 
increased detention and removal capacity, and continued funding 
to maintain the interior enforcement initiative begun in fiscal 
year 1999. In addition, $585,000,000 is provided to reimburse 
States for the incarceration of criminal aliens, $85,000,000 
more than requested. The Committee has also included funding to 
continue the naturalization backlog reduction initiative begun 
in fiscal year 1999.
    The Congress has done its part to dedicate resources to the 
Department of Justice during a time of severe fiscal 
constraint.

                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends a total of $79,328,000 for General 
Administration for fiscal year 2000. This amount is $8,206,000 
below the request, and is the same level provided in fiscal 
year 1999.
    This account funds the development of policy objectives and 
the overall management of the Department of Justice. The 
recommendation assumes the Office of Information and Privacy 
will be augmented by six additional reimbursable workyears to 
meet the increased workload associated with the Electronic 
Freedom of Information Act, and the Justice Management Division 
will be augmented by 10 additional reimbursable workyears for 
current and ongoing activities.
    The Committee has grown increasingly concerned about the 
budget and financial management practices of several Department 
of Justice components. Despite tremendous fiscal constraints, 
over the last four years, the Committee has made funding for 
several components a high priority, providing significant 
additional resources to those agencies. Thus, the Committee is 
perplexed and disturbed by reported shortfalls within several 
agencies' budgets, as well as the failure of components to 
fully implement congressionally-approved enhancements, 
particularly in those agencies which have enjoyed significant 
resource growth. The Committee is also concerned by the 
apparent failure of some agencies to fully comply with the 
reprogramming procedures set forth in section 605 of the 
appropriations Act when resource requirements change, and 
questions whether some shortfalls may be partially attributable 
to this failure. While the Committee appreciates the challenges 
inherent in effectively managing tremendous resource growth, it 
is critical that this be done in order to ensure efficient and 
effective use of resources. While the Committee commends the 
Attorney General for her efforts to address problems identified 
with respect to the Drug Enforcement Administration, the 
Committee believes that similar comprehensive budget and 
financial reviews of other agencies within the Department are 
warranted. Therefore, the Attorney General is directed to work 
with the Committee to identify those agencies and report back 
no later than September 15, 1999, on a plan and timeline for 
the completion of such reviews.
    The Committee is aware of the growing national concern 
about police use of excessive force, especially after the 
tragic killing of Amadou Diallo in the Bronx, New York. The 
Committee believes the Attorney General and the Department of 
Justice have responded promptly and appropriately both to 
address the specific Diallo incident and to explore wider 
solutions to this problem. The Committee urges the Department 
of Justice to continue to deal rapidly and appropriately to 
protect the constitutional rights of all individuals, and 
believes expeditious action will help to restore and maintain 
all communities' trust in law enforcement.
    The Committee recommends bill language, carried in previous 
years, which (1) specifies the amount of funding provided for 
Department Leadership and Executive Support programs; and (2) 
makes up to $3,317,000 of this appropriation available until 
expended for the Facilities Program 2000.

                       Narrowband Communications-

    The Committee recommendation does not include a direct 
appropriation for narrowband communications. The budget request 
proposed a total of $80,000,000 to be derived from a 
controversial fee on analog spectrum. The recommendation does 
not adopt this new fee, but instead assumes that a total of 
$125,370,000 will be available for this purpose in fiscal year 
2000, $45,370,000 above the fiscal year 2000 budget request, as 
follows: $23,396,000 may be derived from Super Surplus balances 
in the Assets Forfeiture Fund as provided for in fiscal year 
1999; and $101,974,000 is to be derived from existing resources 
currently available within the components' base budgets. Within 
the total amount provided, $10,625,000 is to support the 
Wireless Management Office (WMO), including systems planning 
and pilot tests; and $114,745,000 is for wireless replacement 
activities, and operations and maintenance of legacy systems.
    Last year, the Committee expressed concern that the 
Department lacked a comprehensive plan to address law 
enforcement needs, and that instead individual components were 
moving forward with costly, fragmented, agency-driven efforts 
which failed to ensure system interoperability among various 
law enforcement agencies, resulting in ineffective and 
inefficient systems estimated to cost as much as $1.7 billion. 
The Committee directed the Attorney General to consolidate the 
development, management, and resources for wireless 
communications systems into a new Wireless Management Office, 
to be under her control. The WMO was directed to develop and 
provide to the Committee a consolidated, Department-wide 
implementation strategy, which included an inventory of 
existing components' systems and base resources currently being 
expended for this activity. The Attorney General was further 
directed to centralize the budget and base resources under the 
WMO, and components were directed not to obligate funds for 
wireless communications systems without prior approval of the 
WMO.
    The Committee is pleased with the progress made by the WMO 
and the components to develop this plan. The Committee 
understands that the current implementation strategy is 
predicated on the development of a consolidated, regional, 
interagency network to meet component needs and improve 
wireless capabilities, and will reduce the costs required for 
narrowband conversion by up to $1 billion. The Committee 
directs the Attorney General to move forward with this approach 
as it will result in greater interoperability, as well as 
ensure efficient use of resources.
    In addition, based upon the Committee's direction in fiscal 
year 1999, the WMO, working with the components, has identified 
an additional $101,974,000 in existing resources remaining in 
individual components' budgets in fiscal year 1999, which were 
being spent for narrowband-related activities, and should have 
been transferred to the WMO as the Committee intended. The 
Committee reiterates its position that a consolidated 
implementation plan and budget are critical to ensure success 
of this initiative. Therefore, language has been included in 
the bill within the various components' budgets to transfer 
these funds to the WMO to implement the Department-wide 
strategy. Further, the Committee directs the Attorney General 
to ensure that no funds available to the components in fiscal 
year 1999 be spent without the approval of the WMO. The 
Attorney General is further directed to ensure that any 
unobligated balances carried forward by the components into 
fiscal year 2000 be transferred to the WMO. The Committee 
expects the fiscal year 2001 budget submission to include a 
consolidated budget for narrowband conversion activities, which 
reflects the transfer of base resources from the individual 
components' budgets. It is the Committee's expectation that 
narrowband requirements can be accommodated without significant 
additional new resources being required.

                         Counterterrorism Fund-

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for the 
Counterterrorism Fund, which was established in the 1995 
Supplemental Appropriations Act after the bombing of the Alfred 
P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, and is under the 
control and direction of the Attorney General. This amount is 
$17,000,000 less than the request, and $135,000,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999, reflecting the transfer of 
funding for training and equipment programs to the Office of 
Justice Programs.
    The Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 to cover 
the extraordinary expenses resulting from a terrorist threat or 
incident, the same amount provided for this activity in fiscal 
year 1999. The recommendation, when combined with current 
unobligated balances from prior years totaling $24,619,703, 
will provide up to $34,619,703 in the Fund in fiscal year 2000. 
These funds may be used to reimburse any Department of Justice 
organization for the costs incurred from the reestablishment of 
an office or facility damaged or destroyed as a result of a 
domestic or international terrorist incident, and to cover 
extraordinary expenses necessary to counter, investigate or 
prosecute domestic or international terrorism activities. The 
Attorney General is required to notify the Committees on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
in accordance with section 605 of this Act, prior to the 
obligation of any funds from this account.
    The Committee is concerned that the Counterterrorism Fund 
is being used for purposes beyond its original intent, which 
was to provide a mechanism to cover unanticipated, 
extraordinary costs associated with a terrorism threat or 
incident. The Fund was never intended to be a mechanism for 
agencies to supplement their regular budgets, or to fund new 
programs or on-going operational requirements. The Committee 
notes that it has provided significant increases over the last 
four years directly to several components to enhance their 
ability to counter, investigate, and respond to terrorism. For 
example, funding for the FBI's counterterrorism programs and 
activities alone has increased by over $350 million, or 100%, 
since 1995. The recommendation reflects the Committee's 
expectation that the Fund will be used only in extraordinary 
circumstances to cover those expenses which cannot reasonably 
be accommodated within an agency's base budget. Therefore, the 
Committee does not approve the proposed expansion of uses of 
the Counterterrorism Fund. In particular, the Committee does 
not allow the Fund to be used for the operational costs of the 
proposed National Domestic Preparedness Office (NDPO). In 
addition, the Committee does not provide funding, either 
through the Fund or elsewhere in this Act, for the design of a 
Federal Intrusion Detection Network (FIDNET). The Committee 
understands that this new program is intended to provide all 
Federal agencies with computer intrusion detection and 
analytical capabilities. However, the Committee is concerned 
that the delineation of responsibility for the development, 
deployment, and funding for this interagency system has not 
been determined, and questions whether this effort is 
duplicative of on-going activities within other Federal 
agencies. Further, the Committee does not believe it 
appropriate to use Department of Justice resources to fund 
other Federal agencies' computer intrusion and detection 
systems, but instead believes all Federal agencies should make 
funding for this important activity a priority within their own 
budgets.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
carried in previous appropriations Acts, which: (1) makes funds 
available for costs incurred in reestablishing the operational 
capacity of an office or facility damaged or destroyed by a 
terrorist incident; and (2) makes funds available for support 
to counter, investigate or prosecute terrorism, including 
payments of awards and detention costs in connection with these 
activities.

               Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund

    The Committee recommendation includes a direct 
appropriation of $15,000,000 for the Telecommunications Carrier 
Compliance program to reimburse equipment manufacturers and 
telecommunications carriers and providers of telecommunications 
support services for implementation of the Communications 
Assistance for Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (CALEA), the full 
amount requested, and $15,000,000 above the amount provided in 
fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee notes that there are currently $102,580,000 
in unobligated balances available in the Fund. To this point, 
funds have not been expended due to prior disagreements between 
law enforcement and the industry over implementation of CALEA, 
most notably over the technical standards required. Within the 
next month, the FCC is expected to issue a final ruling on the 
technical standards, which was formally requested by the 
industry and the Department last year. In addition, the 
Department of Justice is in the process of finalizing an 
agreement with a manufacturer and several carriers to begin 
implementation of the CALEA solution on certain high priority 
switches. The Committee is pleased with this progress, and 
expects that these actions will result in significant cost 
avoidance for both the Federal government and the industry. The 
Committee expects the Department of Justice to continue 
negotiations with other manufacturers and carriers to continue 
the progress made on this initiative, and to move expeditiously 
to deploy CALEA in the highest priority law enforcement areas, 
thereby ensuring that law enforcement is given the tools it 
needs to counter threats of terrorism, drug trafficking and 
other serious crimes which threaten public safety. The 
Committee understands that this may require additional funding 
above the budget request for fiscal year 2000, and therefore 
directs the Attorney General to make available not less than 
$60,000,000 from unobligated balances within the Department of 
Justice should such funding be required in fiscal year 2000. 
The Attorney General is still required to notify the Committee 
through the reprogramming procedures included in section 605 of 
this bill, before any expenditure is made from the Fund. It 
remains the Committee's intent that not more than $500,000,000 
shall be available for reimbursements pursuant to CALEA from 
direct appropriations or other Federal sources.

                   ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW AND APPEALS

    The Committee recommends $134,563,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for Administrative Review and Appeals, of which $50,363,000 is 
provided from Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund. This account 
funds (1) the Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR), 
which includes the Board of Immigration Appeals, Immigration 
Judges, and Administrative Law Judges who decide through 
administrative hearings whether to admit or exclude aliens 
seeking to enter the country, and whether to deport or adjust 
the status of aliens whose status has been challenged; and (2) 
the Office of the Pardon Attorney which receives, investigates 
and considers petitions for all forms of Executive clemency. Of 
the total amount provided, the Committee has included 
$132,963,000 for EOIR and $1,600,000 for the Office of the 
Pardon Attorney. The recommendation represents the funding 
necessary to maintain the current level of activities in fiscal 
year 2000.

                    OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $42,475,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General for fiscal year 1999, which is $2,546,000 
below the request, and $8,300,000 above the current year 
appropriation. The increase is provided to enable the Office of 
Inspector General to appropriately monitor the increased 
resources provided to the Department of Justice in the past few 
years. The request and the recommendation assume that 
$5,000,000 previously transferred from INS will be provided by 
direct appropriation. Of the amount provided, the Office of 
Inspector General is directed to transfer $60,000 currently 
being spent by OIG for narrowband conversion to the Wireless 
Management Office.

                    United States Parole Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $7,380,000 for the Parole 
Commission for fiscal year 2000, the same amount as provided in 
fiscal year 1999, and $1,147,000 below the request.
    This Commission is an independent body within the 
Department of Justice which makes decisions regarding requests 
for parole and supervision of Federal prisoners. As a result of 
legislation that established sentencing guidelines, the Parole 
Commission is phasing down its operations. Public Law 104-232 
extended the termination of the Commission until November 1, 
2003. In addition, the Commission assumed jurisdiction over 
D.C. Code prisoners and parolees as of August 3,1998.

                            Legal Activities


                        GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $503,620,000 for 
General Legal Activities for fiscal year 2000, of which 
$147,929,000 is provided from the Violent Crime ReductionTrust 
Fund. The total amount recommended is $28,920,000 more than the current 
year appropriation and $69,953,000 less than the comparable request. 
The recommendation does not include $3,298,000 requested under this 
account for Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement (ICDE) activities, 
but instead provides funding for ICDE activities under a separate 
account.
    The recommendation provides for adjustments to base to 
maintain the fiscal year 1999 operating level for all divisions 
under this account, but includes no requested program 
increases.
    This appropriation supports the Attorney General through 
the establishment of litigation policy, conduct of litigation, 
and various other legal responsibilities, through the Office of 
the Solicitor General, the Tax Division, the Criminal Division, 
the Civil Division, the Environmental and Natural Resources 
Division, the Office of Legal Counsel, the Civil Rights 
Division (including the Office of Special Counsel for 
Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices), and 
INTERPOL--U.S. National Central Bureau.
    The Committee is concerned about the ability of the 
Department to report to the Congress on the history and status 
of extradition and deportation cases involving U.S. fugitives. 
The Committee directs the Criminal Division to incorporate such 
relevant information and statistics into its existing 
extradition tracking system to enable it to provide such 
information to the Congress in a more timely manner.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous fiscal years, which: (1) allows up to 
$20,000 for expenses of collecting evidence; (2) makes up to 
$10,000,000 for litigation support contracts available until 
expended; (3) makes up to $18,166,000 for office automation 
systems available until expended; and (4) makes up to $1,000 
available to the U.S. National Central Bureau--INTERPOL for 
reception and representation expenses. Language is not included 
under this account to transfer funds to the U.S. Commission on 
Holocaust Assets in fiscal year 2000, as the funding 
requirements for the Commission are being addressed through a 
pending reprogramming proposal to the Committee, and in title 
IV of this Act.-

               The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act

    The Committee recommends a reimbursement of $3,424,000 for 
fiscal year 2000 from the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust 
Fund to cover Justice Department expenses associated with 
litigating cases under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury 
Act of 1986. This represents a decrease of $604,000 below both 
the current year appropriation and the amount requested in the 
budget.

               Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division

    The Committee recommendation assumes a total of 
$105,167,000 in budget (obligational) authority for the 
Antitrust Division for fiscal year 2000, $6,900,000 above the 
current year appropriation and $9,206,000 below the request. Of 
this amount, $57,368,000 will be derived from anticipated fee 
collections in fiscal year 2000, and $47,799,000 will be 
derived from unobligated fiscal year 1999 fee collections, 
resulting in no net direct appropriation. The Committee notes 
that any use of remaining unobligated fee collections from 
prior years is subject to the reprogramming requirements 
outlined in section 605 of this Act.
    The Committee recommendation provides pay and inflation 
increases for the Division to allow the Division to maintain 
its current operating level.
    This Division acts on antitrust cases before the Supreme 
Court, represents the interests of the United States in cases 
brought under Federal antitrust laws, reviews decisions of 
regulatory commissions, and prepares and files amicus briefs.
    The recommendation includes bill language for the Antitrust 
Division, carried in fiscal year 1999, which: (1) allows 
$57,368,000 in fees to be credited to this account; and (2) 
reduces appropriated funds as fees are collected.

             SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,161,957,000 for the 
U.S. Attorneys for fiscal year 2000. The total amount provided 
is an increase of $72,006,000 above the current year 
appropriation and $29,554,000 below the comparable request. The 
recommendation does not include $83,277,000 requested under 
this account for ICDE activities, but instead provides funding 
for this purpose under a separate account.
    The Committee recommendation provides for pay and 
inflationary adjustments to enable the U.S. Attorneys to 
maintain their current operating level, including the 
annualization of the increases provided in fiscal year 1999.
    This appropriation supports the Executive Office for U.S. 
Attorneys and the 94 U.S. Attorneys Offices which serve as the 
principal litigators for the U.S. Government for criminal, 
civil and debt collection matters.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous fiscal years, which: (1) makes up to 
$2,500,000 for debt collection purposes available through 
fiscal year 2000; (2) makes available up to $8,000 to be used 
for official reception and representation expenses; (3) makes 
up to $10,000,000 for automated litigation support contracts 
available until expended; and (4) specifies the number of 
positions and workyears provided for the United States 
Attorneys.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$114,248,000 in budget (obligational) authority for the U.S. 
Trustees for fiscal year 2000, to be entirely funded from 
offsetting fee collections. The amount recommended is the same 
level as provided in fiscal year 1999 and $15,081,000 below the 
request.
    The recommendation assumes that $8,000,000 in prior year 
carryover from prior year appropriations will be available to 
the Trustees in fiscal year 2000, to provide a total operating 
level of $122,248,000. This operating level provides for the 
full amount requested for pay and inflationary adjustments to 
enable the U.S. Trustees to maintain their current operating 
level of 1,128 positions and 1,059 full-time equivalent (FTE) 
workyears.
    The recommended budget authority level for fiscal year 2000 
is made on the basis that the projections for fees under 
Chapter 11, the principal source of offsetting collections that 
finance this account, are uncertain, and that any program 
expansion would run the risk of not having the fees to support 
the expansion in future years. Consequently, the most prudent 
course of action is to maintain the program at its current 
level to assure a stable program over the next several years.
    The U.S. Trustees System provides administrative support to 
expeditiously move bankruptcy cases through the bankruptcy 
process and ensures accountability of private trustees 
appointed to administer bankruptcy estates and with regard to 
debtors. Public Law 99-554, the Bankruptcy Judges, U.S. 
Trustees, and Family Farmer Bankruptcy Act of 1986, established 
a U.S. Trustee System Fund in the U.S. Treasury, and provided 
for the collection of fees into the Fund to finance program 
operations.
    The recommendation also includes bill language which: (1) 
allows deposits to the U.S. Trustee System Fund to be used to 
pay refunds due depositors; (2) allows $114,248,000 in 
offsetting fee collections to be retained and used for 
necessary expenses in this appropriation; (3) reduces 
appropriated funds as such fees are collected; and (4) makes 
interest earned on Fund investment available to the program.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends $1,175,000 for the Foreign Claims 
Settlement Commission for fiscal year 2000. This amount is the 
full amount requested and a decrease of $52,000 from the 
current year appropriation. The Commission settles claims of 
American citizens arising out of nationalization, 
expropriation, or other takings of their properties and 
interests by foreign governments.

         SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE

    The Committee recommends $538,909,000 for the United States 
Marshals Service Salaries and Expenses account for fiscal year 
2000, of which $209,620,000 is provided from the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund. This amount represents an increase of 
$37,000,000 above the current year appropriation, and 
$28,739,000 below the comparable request. The recommendation 
does not include $1,942,000 requested under this account for 
ICDE activities, but instead provides funding for this purpose 
under a separate account.
    The recommendation includes a total of $27,064,000 in base 
adjustments, including $31,082,000 for pay and inflationary 
adjustments, offset by $4,018,000 in decreases for one-time 
equipment purchases. In addition, the recommendation provides 
program increases for the following activities:
    Security at New and Expanded Courthouses.--The 
recommendation includes $9,236,000 for security at new and 
expanded courthouses anticipated to open in 2000, including 
$2,961,000 for security staffing and $6,275,000 for equipment. 
This amount assumes that several of the courthouses scheduled 
to open on the dates assumed in the budget request will be 
delayed until later in fiscal year 2000, as has been the 
experience in past years. The Marshals Service is directed to 
give first priority to those facilities scheduled to come on 
line in the first half of fiscal year 2000, and to provide the 
Committee a revised schedule and spending plan for the use of 
these funds no later than November 1, 1999.
    Budget and Financial Management.--The recommendation does 
not include a $15,000,000 increase requested for ``base 
shortfalls'' identified in fiscal year 1999. In fiscal year 
1999, the Committee provided the Marshals Service the full 
amount requested for base adjustments in this account. 
Consequently, the Committee is disturbed that the Marshals 
Service has now identified a base shortfall. Therefore, the 
Committee has serious concerns about the ability of the 
Marshals Service to accurately project its funding requirements 
and manage the resources it is provided. The Committee expects 
the Marshals Service, in conjunction with the Department, to 
conduct a comprehensive review of its budget and financial 
management practices, and submit to the Committee a report 
which includes an action plan to remedy its budget and 
financial management weaknesses. Upon completion of such 
review, should additional funds be required, the Committee 
would be willing to entertain a reprogramming of funds in 
accordance with section 605 of this Act.
    The primary mission of the 94 U.S. Marshals offices is the 
protection of the Federal Judiciary, protection of witnesses, 
execution of warrants and court orders, and the custody and 
transportation of unsentenced prisoners. -
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations Acts, which: (1) 
allows up to $6,000 to be used for official reception and 
representation expenses; (2) allows for the acquisition of 
motor vehicles for police-type use without regard to the 
general purchase price limitation; (3) makes up to $4,000,000 
for development, implementation, maintenance and support, and 
training for an automated prisoner information system available 
until expended; and (4) designates $2,762,000 for narrowband 
conversion activities and transfers these funds to the 
Department of Justice Wireless Management Office.

              CONSTRUCTION, UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,600,000 for United 
States Marshals Service construction, the same amount as the 
current year appropriation and $4,232,000 below the request. 
This account was created in fiscal year 1999 when 
responsibility for the construction of prisoner holding 
facilities for the Marshals Service was transferred from the 
Bureau of Prisons. The recommendation provides base funding for 
this program, but does not include requested program increases. 
The Committee expects the Marshals Service to utilize this 
funding to undertake renovation projects which address the 
highest priority security needs identified.

 JUSTICE PRISONER AND ALIEN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM FUND, UNITED STATES 
                            MARSHALS SERVICE

    The recommendation includes requested language to make 
permanent the language included in the fiscal year 1999 
Appropriations Act to establish and provide for the operation 
of this revolving fund, which provides air transportation for 
prisoners and others in the custody of the U.S. Marshals 
Service, the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the 
Bureau of Prisons within the Department of Justice as well as 
other agencies, such as the Department of Defense, and State 
and local law enforcement on a space available basis. As a 
revolving fund, financing for the system will be based on full-
cost recovery, by means of a mileage and cost-per-seat charge 
paid by these same agencies for actual usage. The Committee 
believes that operating this system on a full-cost recovery 
basis will assure operation of the system in a financially 
sound way based on best business practices. Each constituent 
Justice agency has funding in its base to provide for necessary 
reimbursement to the system.
    Finally, the Committee continues the direction included in 
fiscal year 1999 which required that systems enhancements under 
the revolving fund be presented as part of the annual budget 
submission. Should such enhancements not be submitted as part 
of the annual budget process, the Committee expects to be 
notified in accordance with the reprogramming requirements of 
section 605 of this Act.

                       FEDERAL PRISONER DETENTION

    The Committee recommendation includes $525,000,000 for the 
Federal Prisoner Detention account for fiscal year 2000, which 
is $100,000,000 over the level provided in the current year 
appropriation, and $25,232,000 below the request. Under this 
program, the U.S. Marshals contract with State and local jails 
and private facilities to house unsentenced Federal prisoners 
for short periods of time, usually before and during trial and 
while awaiting transfer to Federal institutions after 
conviction.
    As previously stated, the Committee is disturbed by the 
inability of the Marshals Service to accurately project and 
manage the resource needs of this program. The Committee notes 
that there have been wide fluctuations in the projected and 
actual requirements of this account over the last several 
years. Most recently, a shortfall of $70,000,000 has been 
identified in this account. In contrast, in prior fiscal years 
this account has realized significant unobligated balances due 
to lower than expected requirements. While the Committee 
understands that the costs of this program can and will 
fluctuate over the course of the year, such wide variations 
between projections and actual needs are unacceptable.
    Given the continuing uncertainty in the ability of the 
Marshals Service to provide accurate cost projections, the 
recommendation includes the amount of funding identified as 
necessary to detain the current average population, adjusted 
for anticipated increases in jail day costs, as well as allow 
for some additional growth in the detainee population. A 
general provision is also included elsewhere under this title, 
as requested, to require medical services to be provided at 
fair and reasonable costs, which should result in some savings 
to the program. Should additional requirements above the 
amounts provided be required, the Committee would be willing to 
entertain a reprogramming in accordance with section 605 of 
this Act.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

    The Committee recommends $95,000,000 for Fees and Expenses 
of Witnesses for fiscal year 2000, the same amount as the 
current year appropriation, and $15,000,000 below the request, 
and includes no requested program increases. This program 
provides for fees and expenses of witnesses who appear on 
behalf of the Government in cases in which the United States is 
a party, including fact and expert witnesses, mental competency 
examinations, and witness/informant protection. Funds are also 
used to provide private counsel to pay certain legal expenses 
of Federal employees.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, included in 
previous appropriations Acts, which allows: (1) up to 
$6,000,000 for protected witness safesites; and (2) up to 
$1,000,000 for the purchase and maintenance of armored vehicles 
for prisoner transportation.

           Salaries and Expenses, Community Relations Service

    The Committee recommends $7,199,000 for the Community 
Relations Service for fiscal year 2000, the same amount as the 
current year appropriation, and $3,145,000 below the request. 
In addition, the recommendation includes a provision that 
allows the Attorney General to transfer $1,000,000 from funds 
made available to the Department of Justice to this account, 
thereby allowing for a total funding level of $8,199,000 which 
provides pay and inflation increases for this account.
    The Community Relations Service (CRS) was established by 
Title X of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to provide assistance 
to communities in resolving disagreements arising from 
discriminatory practices. The function of resettlement of Cuban 
and Haitian entrants, which was previously performed by CRS was 
transferred to the Immigration and Naturalization Service in 
fiscal year 1996. In addition, the transitional care of Mariel 
Cubans paroled from detention was funded from this account in 
previous years, but was transferred to the Federal Prison 
System, Salaries and Expenses appropriation in fiscal year 
1995.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, identical to 
that included in fiscal year 1999, which allows the Attorney 
General to provide additional resources for CRS, through a 
transfer of funds from other Department of Justice programs 
under section 605 of this Act, if emergent circumstances exist.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

    The Committee recommends $23,000,000 for the Assets 
Forfeiture Fund for fiscal year 2000, which is the full amount 
requested and the same level as provided in the current year 
appropriation.
    This account provides funds for additional investigative 
expenses of the FBI, DEA, INS and U.S. Marshals, such as 
purchase of evidence, equipping of conveyances and 
investigative expenses leading to seizure. Funds for these 
activities are provided from receipts in the Assets Forfeiture 
Fund resulting from the forfeiture of assets. Expenses related 
to the management and disposal of assets are also provided from 
these receipts in the Assets Forfeiture Fund by a permanent 
indefinite appropriation.

                    Radiation Exposure Compensation


                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, 
the full amount requested and the same level provided in the 
current year appropriation, for the expenses of the Civil 
Division necessary to handle claims and litigation arising from 
the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act.
    This program was established to permit the payment of 
claims to individuals exposed to radiation as a result of 
atmospheric nuclear tests and uranium mining in accordance with 
the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act of 1990.

          PAYMENT TO THE RADIATION EXPOSURE COMPENSATION FUND

    The Committee recommendation does not include new 
appropriations for fiscal year 2000 to make payments to 
approved claimants under the Radiation Exposure Compensation 
Act of 1990, which were requested in anticipation of new 
legislation being enacted, and which is unlikely to occur. The 
carryover from 1999, $8,300,000 plus interest earnings of 
$563,000, is expected to be sufficient to cover payments from 
the fund.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement

    The Committee recommends $316,792,000 for Interagency Crime 
and Drug Enforcement for fiscal year 2000, an increase of 
$12,778,000 above the current year appropriation, to provide 
for inflationary increases for Department of Justice agencies' 
participation in this program.
    The Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement (ICDE) program 
was created to ensure a coordinated, multi-agency approach to 
attack and dismantle high-level drug enterprises. Through its 
nine regional Task Forces, the ICDE program utilizes the 
combined resources and expertise of its 11 member Federal 
agencies, in cooperation with State and local investigators and 
prosecutors, to target and destroy major narcotics trafficking 
and money laundering organizations. In order to ensure 
dedicated resources for this effort, a separate appropriations 
account was established.
    The Committee continues to believe that a dedicated effort 
is necessary, and has therefore continued funding for 
Department of Justice components' participation in ICDE 
activities as a separate appropriations account, instead of 
providing funding directly to individual components as proposed 
in the President's budget. However, in order to be truly 
successful, the program must be implemented as efficiently and 
effectively as possible. Therefore, the Committee requests the 
Department to conduct a review of the program and provide a 
report to the Committee, no later than November 15, 1999, with 
any necessary recommendations to improve the program.
    The recommendation provides the same level of funding 
requested in the President's budget for ICDE activities, as 
follows:

                        REIMBURSEMENTS BY AGENCY
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       FTE       $(000)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DEA...............................................       1000    103,996
FBI...............................................        981    113,039
INS...............................................        102     11,240
Marshals..........................................         13      1,492
US Attorneys......................................        847     83,277
Criminal Division.................................          6        790
Tax Division......................................         12      1,344
Administrative Office.............................         12      1,614
                                                   ---------------------
    TOTAL.........................................      2,973    316,792
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous appropriations Acts, which: (1) allows for 
intergovernmental agreements with State and local law 
enforcement agencies; (2) makes $50,000,000 available until 
expended; (3) allows funds to be used under existing 
authorities available to participating organizations; and (4) 
allows the Attorney General to reallocate unobligated balances 
among participating organizations.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         Salaries And Expenses

    The Committee recommends $3,109,868,000 for the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Salaries and Expenses account for 
fiscal year 2000, which includes $752,853,000 from the Violent 
Crime Reduction Trust Fund. This amount is $150,000,000 above 
the appropriation for the current year, excluding the fiscal 
year 1999 Emergency Supplemental, and $60,470,000 below the 
comparable request. The recommendation does not include 
$113,039,000 requested under this account for ICDE activities, 
and instead includes funds for this purpose in a separate 
account.
    The Committee recommends a net increase of $150,000,000 in 
adjustments to base, as follows: $227,036,000 for pay and 
inflationary increases and annualization of program increases 
including supplemental counterterrorism funds provided in 
fiscal year 1999. These increases are offset by $77,036,000 in 
reductions for non-recurring and one-time costs. The Committee 
recommendation does not include requested program expansions in 
this account. However, the Committee would be willing to 
entertain a reprogramming of funds in accordance with section 
605 of this Act, if the FBI determines that such increases are 
of higher priority than other activities currently provided 
from base resources.
    National Instant Check System (NICS).--The Committee 
recommendation includes $79,000,000 in direct appropriations to 
continue operations of the NICS, the full amount necessary to 
support the FBI's costs to administer this system. A provision 
is included under title VI of the bill which continues the 
prohibition carried in fiscal year 1999, regarding Federal user 
fees and destruction of records.
    Information Sharing Initiative (ISI).--The Committee does 
not recommend increased resources for ISI. However, within the 
total amount recommended for the FBI in fiscal year 2000, 
$20,000,000 has been recurred in base funding for this project. 
This will make available a total of $80,000,000 in fiscal year 
2000, which includes $60,000,000 from unobligated balances in 
fiscal year 1999, for ISI upon approval of a revised ISI plan.
    In fiscal year 1999, the Committee directed the FBI, in 
conjunction with the Department of Justice, to submit a 
comprehensive, five-year plan for ISI which was to include a 
complete systems architecture, development and deployment plan, 
and detailed cost estimates for this initiative. The Committee 
included this direction in order to ensure that the 
programmatic objectives of this initiative could be achieved, 
and to gain a full understanding of the resource requirements 
for this project. Unfortunately, the report submitted to the 
Committee on April 8, 1999, reflected an outdated plan which 
did not represent the current implementation strategy, nor did 
it contain sufficiently detailed cost estimates. Therefore, the 
Committee directs the Bureau to submit, no later than September 
1, 1999, a complete, revised five-year implementation plan for 
ISI in accordance with the direction provided in fiscal year 
1999, which reflects the Bureau's current strategy, with 
complete cost estimates for development, deployment, and long-
term operations and maintenance needs. The Bureau is again 
directed not to obligate any funds until approval by the 
Committee of the revised ISI plan.
    Information Technology Report.--The Committee is aware that 
there are a number of information technology initiatives 
currently being planned by the FBI, in addition to the ISI 
initiative, and notes that the fiscal year 2000 budget request 
included a number of new technology projects. Given the overall 
funding constraints, the Committee believes that additional 
information is needed to gain a full understanding of the FBI's 
information technology program, priorities, and objectives, and 
its various components. The Committee requests that the FBI 
provide by September 1, 1999, a complete listing of all 
information technology projects, the stage of each project's 
development and deployment, and the fiscal year 1999 and 2000 
funding levels, and outyear cost projections through fiscal 
year 2003. These estimates should include recurring 
requirements for operations and maintenance of these systems.
    Housing Fraud Initiative.--The Committee directs the FBI to 
provide no less than $1,500,000 and 11 positions to continue 
its participation in the Housing Fraud Initiative being 
conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, 
and directs the FBI to provide a report to the Committee no 
later than September 1, 1999 on it activities to date.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations Acts, which provides: 
(1) for purchase of passenger vehicles without regard to 
general purchase price limitations, and the acquisition and 
operation of aircraft; (2) up to $70,000 for unforeseen 
emergencies; (3) up to $50,000,000 for automated data 
processing, telecommunications and technical equipment, and up 
to $1,000,000 for undercover operations to remain available 
until September 30, 2000; (4) not less than $292,437,000 for 
counterterrorism investigations, foreign counterintelligence, 
and national security activities; (5) up to $14,000,000 to 
remain available until expended; (6) up to $10,000,000 to 
reimburse State and local police for assistance related to 
violent crime, terrorism and drug investigations; (7) 
$59,429,000 for narrowband conversion activities, and transfers 
these funds to the WMO; and (8) up to $45,000 for official 
reception and representation expenses.
    In addition, bill language is included, as carried prior 
fiscal years, prohibiting funds from being used to provide for 
ballistics equipment to State or local entities that have 
received similar equipment from other Federal agencies. The 
Committee is aware of concerns expressed regarding possible 
duplication and lack of interoperability of such systems, and 
notes that the National Integrated Ballistics Information 
Network (NIBIN) was created to address such concerns. The 
Committee urges the FBI to work closely with the NIBIN to 
ensure interoperability of systems to achieve the best possible 
technology for State and local law enforcement.

                              Construction

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,287,000 for FBI 
construction, which is the same amount as the current year 
appropriation and $9,000,000 below the request. The 
recommendation provides funding in fiscal year 2000 to continue 
necessary improvements and maintenance at the FBI Academy, but 
does not include any funds for new construction projects.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         Salaries And Expenses

    The Committee recommends $1,276,250,000 for the Drug 
Enforcement Administration (DEA) salaries and expenses account 
for fiscal year 2000, of which $80,330,000 is derived from the 
Diversion Control Fund, and $344,250,000 is derived from the 
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund. The recommendation provides 
an overall increase of $72,437,000 over the current year 
appropriation and the same level as the comparable request. The 
recommendation does not include $103,996,000 requested under 
this account for ICDE activities, and instead provides funding 
for this purpose under a separate account.
    The Committee continues to be concerned with the alarming 
increase in drug use by teenagers and the increasing 
availability of drugs in the United States. Despite fiscal 
constraints, the Committee has again included resources to 
maintain the significant increases provided over the last four 
years to ensure that we continue to wage a full-scale 
counternarcotics attack. Enhancements have also been provided 
to improve drug intelligence capability, and to address the 
shifting patterns of major drug trafficking organizations, 
particularly in the Caribbean.
    Specifically, the recommended level provides for a net 
increase of $27,233,000 for pay and inflationary costs to 
maintain current operating level. Of this amount, $50,200,000 
in base increases are provided, offset by base decreases 
totaling $22,987,000 for one time and non-recurring items 
provided in fiscal year 1999. Base adjustments include the 
total amount necessary to annualize 617 new positions provided 
for in fiscal year 1999. In addition, the recommendation 
provides for the following program enhancements:
    Caribbean Initiative.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $9,000,000 and 30 new agents to augment the Caribbean 
Initiative funded in fiscal years 1998 and 1999, an increase of 
$9,000,000 above the request, as follows:
          --$2,250,000, 30 positions, and 15 FTE for new agents 
        in Puerto Rico;
          --$3,100,000 to purchase two Forward Looking Infrared 
        Radar Systems to support multi-agency operations in the 
        Bahamas and North Caribbean;
          --$2,650,000 for enhancements to augment intelligence 
        capabilities in the Caribbean; and
          --$1,000,000 for enhancements to address law 
        enforcement retention efforts in Puerto Rico.
    The Committee is aware that more than 30% of the cocaine 
traffic into the United States is now flowing through the 
Caribbean corridor. The Committee is also aware that, according 
to the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), only 11% 
of the Caribbean cocaine traffic was seized in fiscal year 
1998, in contrast to 44% of traffic seized in the Mexican 
corridor. The Committee further understands that most cocaine 
entering the United States through the Caribbean is being 
warehoused in other Caribbean Islands and then smuggled into 
Puerto Rico, to be repackaged and shipped to the United States. 
The Committee recognizes that a successful drug strategy is 
contingent upon the ability to keep up with shifting drug 
trafficking, and has provided resources to attempt to narrow 
the seizure gap between the Caribbean and Mexican corridors. In 
fiscal years 1997, 1998, and 1999, the Committee has provided 
enhancements to DEA totaling $50,434,000, including 153 new 
agents to augment activities in Puerto Rico, the North 
Caribbean, and South Florida. Additional resources have also 
been provided to the FBI and INS to address these problems. 
However, the Committee recognizes that more may need to be done 
to address this problem, and therefore directs the Attorney 
General, in consultation with the Secretaries of Treasury and 
Transportation, to report to the Committee on the status of 
implementation of the enhancements provided for the Caribbean 
in prior fiscal years, and to outline additional requirements 
necessary to successfully narrow the seizure gap.
    The Committee remains concerned about the continuing 
difficulties associated with retention of Federal law 
enforcement personnel, particularly DEA agents, in the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. While additional pay enhancements 
have been suggested as a possible solution to the problem of 
high turnover in Puerto Rico, the Committee continues to 
believe that other, non-pay related proposals designed to 
enhance quality of life for agents and their families should be 
considered, and may in fact better address the problem. The 
Committee expects the Department of Justice to work with the 
Department of Defense and other Federal agencies with 
experience in providing quality of life enhancements for 
employees and their families assigned to locations with unique 
needs, develop a proposal for addressing the needs of law 
enforcement personnel assigned to Puerto Rico, and report back 
with a proposal for non-pay related quality of life 
enhancements no later than September 8, 1999. The Committee has 
provided $1,000,000 to implement non-pay related quality of 
life enhancements, subject to the submission of this report.
    The Committee requests that DEA continue to provide 
quarterly reports on the investigative workhours and funding, 
by type, within major drug source and transit countries, 
including the Caribbean, delineated by country and function, 
with the first such report to be provided to the Committee by 
October 15, 1999.
    Investigative and Intelligence Requirements.--The Committee 
recommendation also includes $22,000,000 in program 
enhancements to address crucial infrastructure needs, the full 
amount requested, as follows:
          $9,000,000, 27 positions, and 14 FTE to consolidate 
        and enhance DEA's electronic surveillance capabilities 
        to support multi-agency, multi-jurisdictional 
        investigations;
          $13,000,000 to accelerate the completion of Phase II 
        of FIREBIRD to December 2001. This amount will provide 
        a total of $44,890,000 in fiscal year 2000 for 
        FIREBIRD, of which $42,490,000 is to be for deployment. 
        The Committee is concerned that funds provided for this 
        program have not been expended in a manner consistent 
        with the budget request or appropriations Acts. In 
        particular, the Committee is aware that funds requested 
        and provided for deployment may instead have been 
        diverted to operations and maintenance. The Committee 
        directs the DEA to provide a report, no later than 
        September 1, 1999, on a full program plan to complete 
        Phase II of FIREBIRD, which fully accounts for 
        deployment and operations and maintenance costs for 
        fiscal years 2000 and 2001.
    The recommendation includes a total of $31,494,000 for 
provisional task forces, an increase of $1,000,000 above the 
request, and $8,303,000 above the current year level. The 
Committee requests that the DEA provide a report to the 
Committee no later than September 1, 1999, on its plans to 
convert some provisional task forces to permanent task forces 
in fiscal year 2000. In addition, the recommendation includes 
$1,000,000 to augment DEA's demand reduction activities. The 
Committee also expects DEA to continue its participation in the 
HIDTA program, particularly those operating in the Midwest to 
combat the influx of methamphetamines. The Committee notes that 
the DEA has recently established a presence in Madisonville, 
Kentucky to address the methamphetamine problems, in that area, 
and expects DEA to make available the necessary resources 
required to support these activities in fiscal year 2000.
    The Committee recommendation also includes $35,000,000, not 
requested in the budget, under the Community Oriented Policing 
Services program solely to continue the Committee's initiative 
to address State and local law enforcement requirements for 
methamphetamine enforcement.
    Budget and Financial Management.--Over the last year, the 
Committee repeatedly expressed concerns about the DEA's budget 
and financial management practices, including DEA's repeated 
failure to abide by section 605 of the appropriations Acts. 
Such practices cannot, and will not, be tolerated. The 
Committee is pleased that, after a formal, comprehensive review 
conducted by the Department and the DEA, significant budget and 
financial management reforms are being implemented by the DEA. 
The Committee fully expects the DEA to vigorously implement all 
recommendations put forward in the report submitted by the 
Attorney General to the Committee on July 8, 1999. In addition, 
as a result of this review, significant discrepancies were 
identified between their fiscal year 2000 budget submission and 
actual program requirements. To rectify this situation, the 
Committee has been provided a revised budget submission which 
accurately reflects DEA's fiscal year 2000 request. The 
Committee has used this revised submission as the basis for 
considering DEA's fiscal year 2000 budget request.
    Drug Diversion Control Fee Account.--The recommendation 
includes $80,330,000 for DEA's Drug Diversion Control Program 
for fiscal year 1999, the full amount requested. The 
recommendation provides an increase of $3,620,000 for this 
program, including the requested adjustments to base, and 
program increases totaling $1,073,000, 25 positions, and 12 
full-time equivalent (FTE) workyears for enhancements for 
customer service improvements and drug data analysis. The 
recommendation assumes that the level of balances in the Fee 
Account are sufficient to fully support diversion control 
programs in fiscal year 2000. As was the case in fiscal year 
1999, no funds are provided in the DEA Salaries and Expenses 
appropriation for this account in fiscal year 2000
    The Drug Diversion Control Program is responsible for 
control of diversion, distribution, manufacture and abuse of 
legitimate pharmaceuticals. DEA annually registers in excess of 
900,000 drug handlers, of which over 1,670 are manufacturers, 
distributors, importers, exporters, and others handling large 
volumes of controlled substances. These registrants pay fees 
which fully support the cost of this program.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations Acts, which provides: 
(1) up to $70,000 for unforeseen emergencies; (2) for expenses 
for drug education and training programs; (3) purchase of 
passenger vehicles without regard to general purchase price 
limitations, and acquisition and operation of aircraft; (4) up 
to $1,800,000 for research to remain available until expended; 
(5) up to $4,000,000 for evidence and information, up to 
$10,000,000 for automated data processing and 
telecommunications, and up to $2,000,000 for laboratory 
equipment, $4,000,000 for technical equipment and $2,000,000 
for aircraft replacement parts to remain available until 
September 30, 2001; (6) up to $50,000 for official reception 
and representation expenses; and (7) $20,733,000 for narrowband 
conversion activities, to be transferred to the WMO.

                              Construction

    The Committee recommendation includes $8,000,000 for DEA 
construction, the full amount requested for a multi-year 
project to reconstruct five of DEA's eight laboratory 
facilities which are severely deteriorating, have severe space 
shortages and have environmental conditions that pose health 
risks. This funding provides the third installment of a five-
year initiative to reconstruct these facilities.

                 Immigration and Naturalization Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total new budget (obligational) 
authority of $4,289,231,000 for the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service for fiscal year 2000. This is an 
increase of $433,426,000 over the current fiscal year, and 
$80,870,000 below the budget request. Of the total amount 
recommended, $1,665,041,000 is derived from direct 
appropriations, $1,267,225,000 is derived from the Violent 
Crime Reduction Trust Fund, and $1,285,475,000 is derived from 
offsetting fee collections. The recommendation also includes 
$90,000,000 for INS construction, which is $9,664,000 below the 
request and the same amount provided in fiscal year 1999.
    INS Organization and Management.--The Congress has 
recognized, and has attempted to correct, resource deficiencies 
in the INS which for years have jeopardized the agency's 
ability and effectiveness in controlling illegal immigration 
and providing timely service to those seeking admission under 
the legal immigration system. In fiscal year 1986, the INS 
budget was $574 million. In fiscal year 1995, the budget 
quadrupled to around $2 billion and doubled again to $4 billion 
in fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee believes that a lack of adequate resources is 
no longer an acceptable response to INS's inability to 
adequately address its mission responsibilities. INS is 
overwhelmed with the task of handling its responsibilities, 
resulting in a broken immigration system.
    The following is a partial list of INS problems or 
failures:
     The fiscal year 2000 request does not include one 
single border patrol agent, in spite of an authorization for 
1,000 additional agents for fiscal year 2000.
     INS had four years to plan for adequate and 
immediate detention space but failed to do so. This management 
failure has put the Committee in the position of providing 
large increases of additional detention funds in a single 
year--in both the fiscal year 1999 supplemental appropriations 
and in this recommendation--to avoid the release of criminal 
aliens into our communities.
     INS has failed to make the Institutional Removal 
Program run effectively so as to swiftly but fairly remove 
criminal aliens immediately after they serve their criminal 
sentence to avoid further detention costs.
     In fiscal year 1999, INS failed to provide an 
interior enforcement strategy pursuant to the Committee's 
request to substantiate its budget request for increased funds 
for interior enforcement. The requested strategy, which arrived 
9 months late, was unresponsive to the Committee directive to 
``focus on the end-outcome of deportation, recognizing that 
deportation is the strongest deterrent to illegal 
immigration''.
     INS instituted Citizenship USA--where tens of 
thousands of naturalization applicants were processed without 
having FBI criminal background checks.
     INS represented to Congress, the press, and the 
American people that if it were given additional resources for 
fiscal year 1999, the naturalization application processing 
times would decrease to 12 months by the end of fiscal year 
1999. The resources were provided but it is doubtful that INS 
will be able to fulfill its promise.
     INS has an over 2 million application backlog in 
benefits other than naturalization, primarily because it is 
shifting significant service resources into making the 
naturalization process work--and is still falling short.
     INS has serious financial management problems: 
audits by the Inspector General in fiscal years 1997 and 1998 
state that INS does not have sufficient internal controls to 
ensure that accounting records and relevant documentation 
support balances in their financial statements. In fiscal year 
1999, poor financial planning caused INS to contend with a 
$300,000,000 field operational budget problem in its current 
year base funds. Field operations are still feeling the 
financial and operational impact.
     Both a March 1998 and a July 1999 Inspector 
General reports found that INS has failed to manage its 
automation program, causing unnecessary cost increases and 
projects to near completion without assurance that they will 
meet the performance and functional needs of the agency. Nearly 
$800,000,000 has been spent from fiscal year 1995 to 1997 on 
these automation projects.
     INS continuously fails to meet Committee report 
deadlines--even when extensions are granted.
     INS has failed to hold anyone accountable for any 
of these problems.
    Numerous Members of Congress and their constituents have 
complained about the lack of attentiveness to their requests 
for better service and enforcement. As a result of INS 
mismanagement, Members have requested either additional 
resources in the nearest INS office, the opening of new INS 
offices to deal with the backlogs, or the upgrade of existing 
offices. Among the many complaints the Committee has received, 
Members have specifically reported serious problems in the 
following areas: the Bronx, New York; New York, New York; 
Omaha, Nebraska; Roanoke, Virginia; Louisville, Kentucky; San 
Jose, California; Charlotte, North Carolina; Houston, Texas; 
Northern New Jersey; and Los Angeles, California. The Committee 
believes that additional resources alone, adding new offices, 
or upgrading additional offices will not provide relief from 
poor service, lack of enforcement and mismanagement. -
    The Committee continues to believe that the establishment 
of clearer chains of command would be a start in making the INS 
a more efficient, accountable, and effective agency. Consistent 
with the concept of the separation of immigration enforcement 
from service, the Committee has continued to provide for a 
separation of INS funds, as it did in fiscal year 1999. The 
accounts are divided as follows: Enforcement and Border 
Affairs, and Citizenship and Benefits, Immigration Support and 
Program Direction. INS enforcement funds are placed under the 
Enforcement and Border Affairs account. Immigration-related 
benefits and naturalization, support and program resources are 
placed under Citizenship and Benefits, Immigration Support and 
Program Direction account. Both accounts also receive funding 
out of the VCRTF. INS construction projects continue to fall 
within the INS Construction account. -
    Under the new accounts, the Committee recommends for fiscal 
year 2000 $1,130,030,000 for Enforcement and Border Affairs, 
$535,011,000 for Citizenship and Benefits, Immigration Support 
and Program Direction, and $1,267,225,000 from the Violent 
Crime Reduction Trust Fund (VCRTF). The Enforcement and Border 
Affairs account is comprised of the following amounts: 
$830,030,000 (plus VCRTF) for the existing activities of 
inspections, border patrol, investigations, detention and 
deportation, and intelligence and does not include $68,358,000 
in adjustments to base, as follows: $11,240,000 for Interagency 
Crime and Drug Enforcement funds, which are provided in a 
separate account; $5,231,000 for general pricing level 
adjustment; $7,555,000 of the fiscal year 1999 annualized pay 
raise which has already been paid in the current year; 
$20,000,000 for the annualization of border patrol agents not 
hired; and an undistributed reduction of $24,332,000, for which 
a portion of these funds should be absorbed from the 
Commissioner's Contingency Fund. In addition, the 
recommendation includes program increases of $100,000,000 for 
1,000 additional border patrol agents and $200,000,000 for 
additional detention space needs for criminal and illegal 
aliens. The citizenship and Benefits, Immigration Support and 
Program Direction account is comprised of $535,011,000 (plus 
VCRTF funds) for the existing activities of citizenship and 
benefits, immigration support, and management and 
administration. Adjustments to base not included are $294,000 
of the annualized fiscal year 1999 pay raise which has already 
been paid within the current year, and $3,794,000 for archives 
and records, $30,000,000 for annualization of initiatives and 
$1,090,000 for base restoration for fiscal year 1999 
adjustments to base within the Examinations Fee account. None 
of these amounts include offsetting fees which are also used to 
fund both enforcement and service functions. -
    The Committee has again included provisions that limit the 
level of staffing for the INS Offices of Congressional and 
Public Affairs but have reduced the level from 43 to 38 
positions, which represents a freeze at the current staffing 
level. The Committee has had considerable problems in obtaining 
necessary information from INS to assess the INS's budget 
needs, and in obtaining Committee-requested reports. This 
staffing freeze is not to effect the level of staffing 
dedicated to casework. As for the number of non-career 
employees, the recommendation continues to maintain a limit of 
four. The Committee notes that while other major bureaus of the 
Department of Justice--the FBI, DEA, the Bureau of Prisons, and 
the U.S. Marshals (with the exception of the 94 Presidentially-
appointed Marshals)--all perform their law enforcement mission 
with one non-career employee, the Committee two years ago had 
to reduce the INS level from eight to four non-career 
employees. The Committee has been informed that only the Civil 
Rights division, the INS, and General Administration within the 
Department of Justice have non-career employees in the 
congressional affairs or public relations offices.
    Naturalization.--The Committee has expressed its 
disappointment with INS's handling of over 1.8 million 
applications for citizenship during fiscal year 1996. This lack 
of management attention to this most significant responsibility 
is a clear example of the agency trying to handle too many 
priorities at once. The result of this management failure to 
correct the naturalization process was not only the granting of 
citizenship to ineligible applicants, including criminals, but 
a degradation of this benefit for the many applicants who were 
deserving of citizenship.
    Of the 263,000 individuals who were granted citizenship 
without having a full criminal history check, 77,000 of these 
individuals had criminal history records with the FBI, of which 
nearly 17,250 had at least one felony arrest and 26,200 had one 
or more misdemeanors; 125,000 cases had unreadable fingerprint 
cards so fingerprint checks were not done and 61,000 cases 
contained no evidence of any FBI fingerprint check at all. In 
addition, a March 1999 Department of Justice report states that 
an additional 71,413 unreviewed cases processed during the 
Citizenship USA initiative were discovered. The Committee 
requests a report on these additional cases by March 1, 2000. 
In spite of these disturbing facts, to date, only 12 cases have 
resulted in final revocations of citizenship.
    Four years after Citizenship USA occurred, INS still has 
naturalization processing sites which are not in compliance 
with INS Naturalization Quality Controls. A June 1999 report by 
KPMG Peat Marwick states that of 15 naturalization-processing 
sites, four sites reviewed are not in compliance with 
Naturalization Quality Procedures. KPMG notes that INS 
continues to make improvements in the internal controls of the 
naturalization process and has reduced the risk of incorrectly 
naturalizing an application.
    The Committee continues to be concerned with the lack of 
accountability for grave management failures that have occurred 
within the INS and the lack of discipline that appears to exist 
at all levels of the agency in implementing policies and 
procedures that are vital to maintaining integrity in the 
immigration system.
    The Committee has provided significant resources to INS 
based upon its representations of results that would be 
achieved. In fiscal year 1998 the Congress provided INS with 
over $163,000,000, and in fiscal year 1999 Congress provided 
$176,000,000 to address the naturalization backlog and to 
improve the integrity of the naturalization process--a total of 
$339,000,000 in two years.
    Yet INS continues to lower its goals for results promised 
in exchange for additional resources. First, INS promised to 
process 1.5 million naturalization applications during the 
current fiscal year. Then it lowered that goal to 1.2 million. 
Additionally, INS represented that application processing times 
will be down from as high as 24 months to 12 months for all 
locations--which may not occur. In spite of these shifting 
representations, the Committee has been both generous with 
resources and patient in waiting for promised results which are 
not likely to materialize.
    Border Control.--While some level of border control is 
being witnessed on parts of the Southwest border, namely in San 
Diego, the Committee attributes this to a doubling of border 
patrol agents and technology in this region, and a targeted and 
focused plan for deployment of these resources to this 
location. Over the last three years the Committee provided 
funds for over 3,800 new agents to the border, despite budget 
requests totaling only 2,900 new agents. The Committee is 
deeply troubled by INS's inability to hire the funded border 
patrol positions for fiscal year 1999 and directs the INS to 
submit a report by September 15, 1999 on the status of border 
patrol hiring, plans for recruitment, and a detailed plan of 
its expenditures of fiscal year 1999 funds provided for border 
patrol agents.-
    This inability to hire 1,000 new agents has been felt all 
along the border but has especially affected Arizona, since in 
past years agents have been placed primarily in California and 
Texas. The fiscal year 1999 deployment plan provided that 350 
border patrol agents were to be assigned to the Tucson sector. 
Since the current fiscal year hiring is behind schedule and 
other Southwest border locations are better staffed, the 
Arizona border has experienced an increased illegal immigration 
flow. As a result, the Committee is aware that the impacts on 
areas such as Douglas and Cochise County, Arizona have been 
significant. The Committee directs the INS to submit a report 
by October 1, 1999, on the problems in the Tucson sector, the 
measures that INS has taken and plans to take to address the 
problems, including a date by which each measure is expected to 
be implemented. To alleviate part of the problem, the Committee 
has provided additional resources beyond the requested amount 
within the Construction account to provide for an expedited 
construction schedule for the Border Patrol station in Tucson.
    Increased border enforcement in some sectors has resulted 
in a growing number of illegal crossings and apprehensions in 
other sectors. For example, the rural El Centro (California) 
Border Patrol Sector now has the second-highest alien 
apprehension rate among all Border Patrol sectors, and the All-
American Canal within its boundary is the site of numerous 
drownings of undocumented immigrants.
    While the recommendation does not include the requested 
$56,000,000 in program increases for border technology, the 
recommendation does include additional border resources. The 
Committee recognizes that a large part of the Southwest border 
is still experiencing large influxes of illegal crossings and 
requires additional personnel. The Committee recommendation 
includes an increase of $100,000,000 to enhance border control, 
including 1,000 new border patrol agents and 140 support 
personnel.
    Over the past several years, the Committee has provided 
significant funding for a variety of high technology systems at 
the border, such as Intelligent Computer Aided Detection, 
Remote Video Surveillance, Integrated Surveillance Intelligence 
System, Unattended Ground Sensors, and agent support equipment 
to enhance the Border Patrol's capabilities. The Committee has 
learned about a light-weight, hand-held, night-vision range-
find binocular system that may be of use to border patrol 
agents and directs the INS to investigate this technology for 
possible use by the border patrol in the future. The Committee 
directs the INS to report on this technology by March 1, 2000. 
Additionally, the Committee is concerned that previous funding 
for night vision technology may not have been used as intended 
and directs the INS to provide a status on obligations of funds 
for this technology by December 15, 1999. Similarly, the 
Committee directs the INS to evaluate a low-cost, all weather, 
and all light level ground surveillance capability and report 
to the Committee on their findings by March 1, 2000.
    The Committee has been informed that the delay in delivery 
of the required report on unmanned aerial vehicles for possible 
use by the border patrol is attributable to crashes of the 
vehicles during evaluation flights. The Committee looks forward 
to receiving further reports on the test flight results as 
information becomes available.
    No later than January 15, 2000, the Committee requests that 
INS submit a report on the feasibility of expanding the pilot 
project begun in fiscal year 1998 to implement section 563 of 
the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act 
of 1996 (IIRIRA) to Douglas, Arizona.-
    IDENT.--The Committee is aware that since 1995 INS has 
spent approximately $85,000,000 on the development and 
deployment of its IDENT fingerprint system. The Committee 
continues to be concerned about the inadequacies of this 
system, specifically with regard to its ability to identify 
wanted criminals who may be apprehended by INS border patrol 
agents and inspectors along the border. In addition, throughout 
the development and deployment of the IDENT system, the 
Committee repeatedly raised concerns that the IDENT database 
was not integrated with FBI's IAFIS database. As a result: (1) 
other Federal, State and local law enforcement officials do not 
have access to fingerprint identification information captured 
by INS border patrol agents; and (2) INS border patrol agents 
do not have the full benefit of FBI criminal history records 
when searching criminal histories of persons apprehended at the 
border.-
    The Committee further understands that INS plans to spend 
approximately $20,000,000 in FY 2000 on continued deployment of 
its IDENT system in its current form. The Committee directs INS 
to suspend further deployment of this system until a report, 
which provides a plan for integration of the IDENT and the 
IAFIS databases and fingerprint systems, is submitted by the 
Department of Justice and approved by the Committee. The 
Committee expects this report to be completed by September 30, 
1999.
    Interior Enforcement/Removal of Deportable Aliens.--The 
recommendation does not provide for the requested $20,000,000 
program increase for interior enforcement and instead provides 
for additional detention space to support current interior 
enforcement operations.
    The Committee recognizes that addressing illegal border 
crossings is only one facet of the fight against illegal 
immigration. The INS Investigations program and Detention and 
Deportation programs are the primary enforcement programs 
focused on apprehending and removing illegal aliens residing in 
the United States.
    In fiscal year 1999, as a result of numerous complaints 
from Members of Congress, State and local law enforcement 
officers, and U.S. citizens about how INS does not respond to 
calls to take into custody illegal aliens, the Committee funded 
Quick Response Teams (QRTs) to work with State and local law 
enforcement to identify, apprehend and remove criminal and 
illegal aliens. The Committee directs the INS to identify new 
additional locations for future QRTs, including Alabama, by 
January 15, 2000.-
    Specific directives by the Committee on formulating an 
interior enforcement strategy have been ignored. During the 
past three fiscal years, the Committee has grown increasingly 
frustrated with the INS' ad hoc budget requests for interior 
enforcement without a cohesive plan for how to best utilize the 
resources. As a result, the fiscal year 1998 Conference Report 
contained a mandate that the INS develop an ``interior 
enforcement strategy'' by April 1, 1998. The House Report, 
incorporated by reference in the Conference Report, stated:

          The Committee also believes that INS needs to revise 
        its interior enforcement strategy to focus on the end-
        outcome of deportation, recognizing that deportation is 
        the strongest deterrent to illegal immigration. The 
        Committee understands that there are currently over 
        200,000 outstanding orders of deportation in which an 
        Immigration Judge has ordered someone deported and INS 
        has not located or removed these people from the United 
        States. INS's worksite enforcement strategy does not 
        focus on the deportation of illegal workers. INS does 
        not track and therefore was unable to provide to the 
        Committee information on the number of deportations 
        resulting from worksite apprehensions.-

    In April 1998, the INS delivered an interim strategy to the 
Committee. While provided after the deadline and lacking a 
detailed implementation plan, this interim strategy generally 
complied with the Committee's focus on removals and provided an 
overview on how this goal would be accomplished. The four 
priorities of the interim strategy stated in that interim 
report are:
          (1) linking the interior to the border strategy 
        because alien smuggling is cross-jurisdictional and 
        even involves overseas enterprises;
          (2) focusing on nationwide investigations in the 
        areas of counterterrorism, organized crime, anti-fraud, 
        and blocking illegal employment;
          (3) integrating removals by coordinating 
        administrative prosecutions, detention and 
        transportation to ``ensure the certainty of removal of 
        illegal aliens''; and
          (4) building community support for the ``successful 
        enforcement of immigration law'' through community 
        policing and the Citizens' Advisory Panel.-
    However, the INS indicated that the final report would not 
be completed until the fall of 1998. In January 1999, nine 
months after the deadline, the INS provided its final 14-page 
strategy. The final report noted that the illegal alien 
population in the U.S. is over five million and is growing by 
55,000 to 225,000 per year and states that ``the primary 
strategic goal of INS interior enforcement is to reduce the 
size and annual growth of the illegal resident population.''-
    Noticeably absent from the strategy is an emphasis on 
removals--the very directive that the Committee had requested. 
In fact, although the strategy does mention, in passing, the 
removal of criminal aliens, the word ``removal'' is mentioned 
only one time elsewhere in the document. The strategy does not 
mandate the removal of smuggled aliens, aliens who file 
fraudulent applications for benefits, or aliens who are 
determined to be unauthorized workers. In fact, the strategy 
explicitly states:

          Instead of focusing on outputs, such as the total 
        annual number of illegal aliens removed from the United 
        States, INS will evaluate its performance in different 
        terms. Changes in behavior or business practices of the 
        persons and organizations, and positive impact on local 
        communities of INS law enforcement efforts become the 
        tangible and measurable results of this Strategy.

    -This statement is directly opposite from the directive of 
the Committee on its expectations of the report. The Committee 
therefore directs the INS to revise its strategy to comply with 
the original Committee directive--to focus on the end-outcome 
of deportation--and resubmit the report no later than November 
30, 1999. The revised report should include details of the 
specific steps necessary to implement this goal.
    In addition, the Committee has provided that unobligated 
funds available under the Community Oriented Policing Services 
program for technology for law enforcement may be used for 
State and local law enforcement officials to purchase video-
teleconferencing equipment or other useful technology to allow 
them to contact INS after apprehending an illegal alien for 
committing a crime, for the purpose of confirming the alien's 
illegal status. This is the second year of this initiative.
    The Committee understands that the INS has an ongoing 
program to identify and deport criminal aliens in local and 
county jails, pursuant to P.L. 105-141. According to INS's 
fiscal year 1999 report, it will have implemented the program 
in six jails by the end of fiscal year 1999. In addition, the 
Committee expects that within the existing resources provided 
for detention and removal of aliens, the INS will continue to 
support this program at its current levels and provide an 
additional $5,000,000 for expansion of the program both in and 
outside of California. The Committee directs INS to report on 
the results of this program by January 15, 2000.-
    Additional Detention Needs.--In fiscal year 1999, the 
Congress provided $80,000,000 in supplemental appropriations to 
fund additional detention needs for criminal and illegal aliens 
relating to Hurricane Mitch. In the House Committee report and 
the Statement of the Managers accompanying the fiscal year 1999 
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, the Committee 
expressed its frustrations with the INS's failure to plan for 
and request in a timely fashion sufficient detention space to 
meet its statutory requirements, and determined that the 
failure was due to management failures. -
    The Committee was concerned that not only is INS unable to 
plan for its detention needs, but that it may also be unable to 
properly manage the supplemental funds provided in fiscal year 
1999, and directed the Attorney General to administer the 
funds. The Committee remains concerned. As an example of poor 
planning, INS began Operation Vanguard, an operation to 
identify illegal alien workers in the meatpacking industry in 
Nebraska and Iowa, without identifying and securing additional 
detention space to support the removal of illegal alien workers 
discovered in the course of the operation. The INS has yet to 
identify to this Committee what its needs are to support 
Operation Vanguard. By December 1, 1999, the Committee directs 
INS to assess the overall detention needs to support this 
effort and report to the Committee as to the number of beds and 
associated costs estimated to be needed to support the Vanguard 
initiative. -
    Additionally, the Committee is aware that there are 
problems with inadequate planning and management of detention 
space in other agencies within the Department of Justice. 
Therefore, the Committee requests that no later than September 
1, 1999, the Attorney General submit recommendations on a 
Department-wide strategy to plan for and manage its detention 
needs.-
    The Committee directs the INS to provide a detailed 
assessment of its current and projected detention needs for the 
next 3 years by January 15, 2000. This report should include 
the number of beds by location, costs, number and type of staff 
necessary to support the bedspace, and removal costs associated 
with the detention space, and should include cost and 
logistical assessments of alternative or supplemental locations 
to support INS district and regional offices, such as Etowah 
County Detention Center near Atlanta. -
    The recommendation includes $200,000,000 for additional 
detention space for detaining criminal aliens, pursuant to the 
Section 303 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
Responsibility Act of 1996, and for detaining illegal aliens. 
This amount is a $30,000,000 decrease from the budget request 
and is funded in direct appropriations instead of a combination 
of appropriated funds, reinstatement of Section 245(i), 
transfer of funds from the Crime Victims Fund, and reallocating 
funds from within the account. The recommendation continues 
funding for the $80,000,000 for detention provided in fiscal 
year 1999 supplemental appropriations and provides an 
additional 1,216 new beds for a total of approximately 18,535 
detention beds in fiscal year 2000 and provides 176 additional 
detention and deportation staff to support these beds and 
$4,000,000 and 10 positions to begin implementation of 
standards at detention facilities. It is expected that there 
may be an adjustment in the needs assessment provided to the 
Committee by INS due to the transfer of long-term non-
returnable aliens to the Federal Prison System and the 
announced change in the interpretation of the mandatory 
detention requirement.
    Deployment of Resources.--The Committee expects that INS 
will continue to deploy new border patrol agents to the 
Southwest border and southern coastal states to support the 
greatest areas of illegal traffic. The Committee expects this 
personnel to be assigned to the ``frontlines'' on the immediate 
border. The Committee directs INS to consult with the 
Appropriations Committees of both the House and the Senate 
before a final allocation of new positions is determined.

                       OFFSETTING FEE COLLECTIONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,285,475,000 in 
offsetting fee collections, a decrease of $20,571,000 from the 
current year, and a decrease of $49,324,000 from the request to 
support activities related to the legal admission of persons 
into the United States. These activities are supported 
primarily by fees paid by persons who are either traveling 
internationally or are applying for immigration benefits. The 
following levels are recommended:
    Inspections User Fees.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $446,151,000 of spending from offsetting collections 
in this account and does not assume the removal of the 
exemption for cruise ship passengers and the accompanying 
proposed fee, nor the proposed increase in the fee charged to 
international air passengers. The recommendation includes no 
adjustments to base. The Committee notes that there are funds 
in the Commissioner's Contingency Fund for use in the 
Inspections User Fee account and directs that adjustments to 
base be funded, to the extent possible, from that fund.-
    The Committee seeks clarification on the use of 
``profiling'' by INS in determining what individuals to stop 
and detain. To better understand the practical effects of INS 
policy, the Committee directs the INS to conduct a pilot 
program to collect data on the race, ethnicity, and nationality 
of persons referred to secondary inspection at J.F. Kennedy 
airport in New York. The data should be collected beginning 
January 1, 2000 for a six month period and submitted to the 
Committee no later than August 1, 2000. The Committee also 
requests that INS submit any documents containing policy 
directives or instructions, including training manuals, on 
stopping or detaining individuals thought to have violated U.S. 
immigration laws, by September 31, 1999.
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $712,800,000 of spending from 
offsetting collections from persons applying for immigration 
benefits. This is an increase of $77,100,000 over last year, 
and $24,221,000 over the requested budget.-
    In addition, the Committee recommendation assumes that 
$3,794,000 for archives and records, the requested $30,000,000 
base restoration and the $1,090,000 base restoration for fiscal 
year 1999 adjustments to base are funded in this account, and 
not in the Salaries and Expenses, Citizenship and Benefits, 
Immigration Support and Program Direction account, since 
sufficient funds are available.
    The Committee provided increases for spending for 
naturalization processing of over $95,000,000 during fiscal 
years 1996 and 1997, $163,000,000 for fiscal year 1998, and 
$176,000,000 in fiscal year 1999, for a total of a $434,000,000 
increase in four years.
    The fiscal year 1999 program increases included Backlog 
Reduction Action Teams (BRAT) and accompanying resources to 
address the naturalization application backlogs. Full funding 
for continuation of this program for fiscal year 2000 has been 
provided. The recommendation also provides for continuation of 
implementation of a telephone customer service center to assist 
applicants for immigration benefits and for the indexing and 
conversion of INS microfilm images.
    Land Border Inspections Fees.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $6,595,000 in spending from the Land Border Inspection 
Fund, an increase of $3,320,000 over the current year. The 
current revenues generated in this account are from Dedicated 
Commuter Lanes in Blaine and Port Roberts, Washington, Detroit 
Tunnel and Ambassador Bridge, Michigan, and Otay Mesa, 
California and Automated Permit Ports which provide pre-
screened local border residents border crossing privileges by 
means of automated inspections. No later than March 1, 2000, 
the Committee requests that INS provide a report on the cost, 
security and logistical assessment of providing a secure 
electronic network for travelers rapid inspection (SENTRI) 
program for dedicated commuter lanes at San Luis, New Mexico.
    Immigration Breached Bond/Detention Fund.--The 
recommendation includes $117,501,000 in spending for detention 
of illegal aliens from the Immigration Breached Bond/Detention 
Fund in fiscal year 2000, a decrease of $59,449,000 from the 
current year appropriation and $601,000 above the request. 
Resources available in this Fund are derived from the recovery 
of breached cash and surety bonds in excess of $8,000,000 which 
are deposited in the Fund as offsetting collections. In 
addition, resources are also available in this account from a 
portion of fees charged under section 245(i) of the Immigration 
and Nationality Act, which expired on January 14, 1998. 
Carryover balances from 245(i) fees collected in fiscal year 
1999 remain in this account for expenditure in fiscal year 
2000.
    Other.--The Committee continues to be concerned that, to 
this date, not one INS manager has been held accountable for 
the failures of Citizenship USA. The Committee has again 
included a provision in the bill that authorizes and directs 
the Attorney General to impose disciplinary actions, including 
the termination of employment, under the same policies and 
procedures applicable to employees of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, for any INS employee who violates Department 
policies and procedures relative to granting citizenship or who 
willfully deceives the Congress or Department Leadership on any 
matter. -
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations Acts, which provides: 
(1) up to $50,000 to meet unforeseen emergencies of a 
confidential nature; (2) for the purchase of motor vehicles for 
police-type use and for uniforms, without regard to general 
purchase price limitations; (3) for the acquisition and 
operation of aircraft; (4) for research related to enforcement 
and up to $400,000 to be available until expended; (5) up to 
$10,000,000 for basic officer training; (6) up to $5,000,000 
for payments to State and local law enforcement agencies 
engaged in cooperative activities related to immigration; (7) 
up to $30,000 to be paid to individual employees for overtime; 
(8) up to $5,000 to be used for official reception and 
representation expenses; (9) that funds in this Act or any 
other Act may not be used for the continued operation of the 
San Clemente and Temecula checkpoints unless the checkpoints 
are open and traffic is being checked on a continuous 24-hour 
basis; (10) specifies the level of funding for the Office of 
Legislative and Public Affairs, with a modification; (11) 
limits the amount of funding available for non-career 
positions; (12) directs and authorizes the Attorney General to 
impose disciplinary actions, including termination of 
employment, for any INS employee who violates Department 
policies and procedures relative to granting citizenship or who 
willfully deceives the Congress or Department Leadership on any 
matter; and (13) establishes separate headings for Enforcement 
and Border Affairs and Citizenship and Benefits, Immigration 
Support, and Program Direction. In addition, new bill language 
is included designating a portion of funds to be used for 
narrowband conversion activities and transfers these funds to 
the Department of Justice Wireless Management Office.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends $90,000,000 for construction 
projects for the Immigration and Naturalization Service for 
fiscal year 2000. The recommendation is the same as the current 
year appropriation and $9,664,000 below the request. The 
recommendation does not include $6,000 for the annualization of 
the fiscal year 1999 pay raise, the cost of which has already 
been paid and absorbed within fiscal year 1999 funds. The 
recommendation includes $60,958,000 in program increases.
    Border Control Projects.--Of the amount recommended, 
$31,618,000 is for construction and engineering of the 
following border patrol facilities to meet space requirements 
for the additional agents on the Southwest border:
    Full construction and renovation projects--
          --Chula Vista, CA, Border Patrol Station, $6,500,000
          --El Centro, CA, Border Sector Headquarters, 
        $5,000,000
          --Alpine, TX, Border Patrol Station, $4,000,000
          --Brownsville, TX, Border Patrol Station, $1,200,000
          --Del Rio, TX Border Sector Headquarters, $4,300,000
          --Presidio, TX, Border Patrol housing, $5,118,000
          --Douglas, AZ, Border Patrol Station, $5,500,000.
    The recommendation does not include funding for 
construction of the border patrol station in Santa Theresa, New 
Mexico.
    The recommendation includes $2,340,000, instead of the 
requested $8,148,000 for site and planning of border patrol 
stations. They are as follows:
          --Yuma, AZ, Border Patrol Station, $687,000
          --Campo, CA, Border Patrol Station, $600,000
          --Temecula, CA, Border Patrol Station, $447,000
          --Sanderson, TX, Border Patrol Station, $238,000
          --Douglas, AZ, Border Patrol Station, $300,000
          --Texas checkpoints, $68,000
    Military Engineering Support Projects for the Border 
Patrol.--The recommendation includes the requested $3,000,000 
for military support projects.
    Barrier Construction.--The recommendation includes the 
requested $3,000,000 for the construction of barriers, of which 
$1,000,000 is for fencing and lighting in San Diego County.
    Detention facilities projects.--The recommendation includes 
the requested $20,500,000 for detention construction. The 
construction projects are as follows:
          --Port Isabel, TX, SPC, $11,000,000
          --Krome, FL, SPC, $9,500,000
    Detention facility site and planning.--The recommendation 
does not include the requested $2,000,000, for detention 
facility site and planning. The recommendation includes 
$500,000, for site and planning money for a detention facility 
in Grand Island, Nebraska, to support the INS's Operation 
Vanguard. A request for a report on detention needs for 
Operation Vanguard is requested under the Salaries and 
Expenses, Enforcement and Border Affairs account. The funds 
provided for site and planning for Grand Island should not be 
committed until after this assessment of needs has been made.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $3,104,528,000 for the Salaries 
and Expenses of the Federal Prison System for fiscal year 2000, 
including $22,524,000 from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust 
Fund. This amount is $43,899,000 less than the budget request, 
and an increase of $215,875,000 over the total amount available 
in the current year.
    The Committee recommendation recognizes the critical 
importance of providing adequate space for the incarceration of 
sentenced and unsentenced Federal prisoners, and the need to 
activate newly constructed prison facilities. The 
recommendation provides for requested adjustments to base, 
except for $5,592,000 for partial year annualization of fiscal 
year 1999 pay raise which was paid in the current fiscal year. 
The recommendation includes $14,824,000 to annualize positions 
provided in 1999 for new prison activations. Of the amount 
provided, the Bureau of Prisons is directed to transfer 
$500,000 currently being spent by Bureau of Prisons for 
narrowband conversion to the Wireless Management Office.
    Activation of New Prisons.--The Committee also includes 
$86,809,000 to fund 527 additional positions for the activation 
of facilities in: Forrest City, Arkansas; Victorville, 
California; Houston, Texas; Brooklyn, New York; and 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This expansion will add 4,320 beds 
to the Federal Prison System.
    The recommendation also includes the requested $34,000,000 
to house 2,000 D.C. sentenced felons in contract facilities by 
December 31, 1999, as required by the National Capital 
Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act, and 
$46,722,000 for an additional 4,000 detention beds to 
accommodate 4,000 short and long-term non-U.S. citizen inmates 
and detainees.
    The recommendation does not include the requested 
$2,091,000 increase in the residential and community based 
transitional drug abuse treatment program.
    The Committee notes that a recent General Accounting Office 
report found that the Bureau of Prisons generally had no 
readily available, comprehensive data reports on the number, 
nature, and outcomes of staff-on-inmate sexual misconduct 
allegations, making it difficult to identify possible problem 
areas. The Committee commends BOP for quickly moving forward to 
correct this situation and strongly encourages the Bureau to 
follow GAO's recommendations.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations acts, which allows: 
(1) for the purchase of motor vehicles for police-type use and 
the purchase of uniforms without regard to the general purchase 
price limitation; (2) for the provision of technical advice to 
foreign governments; (3) for transfer of funds to the Health 
Resources and Services Administration; (4) for the Director to 
enter into contracts to furnish health care; (5) up to $6,000 
for reception and representation expenses; (6) up to 
$90,000,000 for activation of prisons to remain available until 
September 30, 2001; (7) up to $20,000,000 for contract 
confinement expenses for the care and security of Cuban and 
Haitian entrants; and (8) the Federal Prison System to enter 
into contracts and other agreements with private entities for a 
multi-year period for the confinement of Federal prisoners.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $558,791,000 for fiscal 
year 2000 for the construction, modernization, maintenance and 
repair of prison and detention facilities housing Federal 
prisoners, which is the amount requested in the budget. This 
amount is $147,794,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 
1999.
    The recommendation provides the full request for 
adjustments to base, $221,000,000 for the completion of two 
prisons to provide increased capacity for the transfer of D.C. 
prisoners, as mandated by the District of Columbia 
Revitalization Act, $137,000,000 for the construction of an 
additional high security prison in the Western Region, 
$33,000,000 for the site and planning for three medium security 
prisons to increase overall capacity for sentenced offenders, 
and $20,000,000 for site and planning for three facilities to 
assume the non-removable criminal alien population from the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service. The Bureau is expected 
to consult with the Committee with respect to the siting and 
planning of these facilities.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, similar to 
that included in previous appropriations Acts, which allows: 
(1) for planning, acquisition of sites, and construction of 
facilities; (2) for leasing a facility in Oklahoma City; (3) 
for acquisition, remodeling, and equipping facilities by 
contract or force account; (4) up to $14,074,000 to construct 
inmate work areas; (5) for use of prisoner labor; and (6) up to 
10 percent of this appropriation to be transferred to the 
Salaries and Expenses account.

                Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated


                (LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES)

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $2,490,000 for the Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated for fiscal year 1999, which is $939,000 less than 
the amount requested and $510,000 less than the current year 
limitation.

                       Office of Justice Programs

    The Committee recommends a total of $3,659,024,000 in new 
budget (obligational) authority for fiscal year 2000, including 
$1,238,450,000 from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, for 
the various law enforcement assistance programs, juvenile 
prevention programs, and research and statistics programs of 
the Office of Justice Programs (OJP). This amount represents a 
decrease of $1,189,983,000 under the current year appropriation 
and $108,738,000 above the budget request. Included in these 
amounts are funds for programs providing assistance to the 
State and local entities, such as the Local Law Enforcement 
Block Grant program, the State Prison Grant program, the State 
Criminal Alien Assistance program, the Violence Against Women 
Grant program, the Byrne Grant program, the Weed and Seed 
program, Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention programs, 
and Victims of Child Abuse programs.

                           JUSTICE ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends $217,436,000 in direct 
appropriations for Justice Assistance for fiscal year 2000, 
which is $70,285,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 
1999 and $121,212,000 below the budget request.
    The funding provided for Justice Assistance provides 
assistance to States and localities in the form of research, 
evaluation, statistics, information sharing, emergency 
assistance, missing children assistance and the management and 
administration of all grants provided through the Office of 
Justice Programs. Funding for Grants to State and Local First 
Responders and Counterterrorism Training, which were funded 
under the Counterterrorism Fund in the current fiscal year are 
also included within this account.
    An explanation of the recommendation for each program 
funded under this account follows:
    National Institute of Justice.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $42,438,000 for the National Institute 
of Justice (NIJ) for fiscal year 2000, which is $1,010,000 
below the request and $3,710,000 below the current year 
appropriation and includes no program increases. In addition, 
$20,000,000 will be provided to NIJ in fiscal year 2000, as was 
provided in fiscal years 1997, 1998, and 1999, from the Local 
Law Enforcement Block Grant for assisting local units to 
identify, select, develop, modernize, and purchase new 
technologies for use by law enforcement. The NIJ is the 
nation's primary source of research and development in the 
field of criminal justice. NIJ fosters innovation in law 
enforcement technologies and practices, investigative causes 
and patterns of crime, and informs the public of research and 
development findings. Within the total funding level provided 
to NIJ for fiscal year 2000, the Committee has provided 
resources for the following initiatives:
    1. Defense Technology Network.--The Committee is supportive 
of efforts by the Justice Department, in conjunction with the 
Department of Defense, to convert non-lethal defense technology 
to law enforcement use. Within the amount recommended, 
$10,277,000, the amount in the current fiscal year and an 
increase of $277,000 over the requested amount, is provided to 
continue the law enforcement technology center network, which 
provides States with information on new equipment and 
technologies, as well as assists law enforcement agencies in 
locating high cost/low use equipment for use on a temporary or 
emergency basis, of which the current year level is provided 
for the technology commercialization initiative at the National 
Technology Transfer Center.
    The Committee notes the contributions made by the National 
Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC) 
system in providing technical assistance and in assisting local 
units of law enforcement to identify, select, develop, 
modernize, and purchase new technologies.
    2. DNA Technology Research and Development Program.--Within 
the amount provided to NIJ, $5,000,000 is to develop a highly 
accurate, reliable, economic, quick and acceptable DNA testing 
approach. The objectives of the program are to reduce the cost 
of DNA testing, reduce testing time, develop inexpensive, 
discardable DNA test systems suitable for use in the field, and 
increase the reliability and legal credibility of DNA testing.
    The Committee is aware of a number of research and 
technology initiatives that will enhance law enforcement 
capabilities. Within the overall amounts recommended for NIJ, 
the Committee expects the Office of Justice Programs to examine 
each of the following proposals, to provide grants if 
warranted, and to submit a report to the Committee on its 
intentions for each proposal:
          --the current year level for information technology 
        applications for High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas;
          --the current year level for a pilot program with a 
        Department of Criminal Justice Training and a College 
        of Criminal Justice to evaluate and assist in providing 
        for technology needs of rural State and local law 
        enforcement officers, as part of the National Law 
        Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC) 
        system; and
          --a grant to the University of Central Florida for 
        public safety and security support projects.
    The Committee directs NIJ to continue to fund, to the 
maximum extent possible, the Safe Schools initiative begun in 
the current fiscal year to develop new, more effective safety 
technologies and information systems to keep schools safe.
    Bureau of Justice Statistics.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $22,124,000 for the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) 
for fiscal year 2000, which is $2,905,000 below the amount 
provided in the current year appropriation and $10,485,000 
below the request, to fund ongoing activities with no program 
increases. The BJS is responsible for the collection, analysis 
and publication of statistical information on crime, criminal 
offenders, victims of crime, and the operations of the Nation's 
justice systems.
    The Committee remains concerned about the lack of an annual 
reporting system for deaths in law enforcement custody. While a 
proposal to institute such a system was developed by BJS last 
year, the Committee believes that the proposal called for more 
activities than are necessary to begin this program. Therefore, 
the Committee directs BJS to implement a voluntary annual 
reporting system of all deaths in law enforcement custody, and 
provide a report to the Committee on its progress no later than 
July 1, 2000.
    Missing Children.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$17,168,000 for the Missing Children program for fiscal year 
2000, which is the same as the amount provided in the current 
year appropriation and requested in the budget. This program 
provides funds to combat crimes against children, particularly 
kidnapping and sexual exploitation. Within the amounts 
provided, the Committee recommendation includes $8,120,000 for 
the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and 
$1,250,000 for operations at the Jimmy Ryce Law Enforcement 
Training Center, the same amounts as in the current year 
appropriation.
    Regional Information Sharing System.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 for 
the Regional Information Sharing System (RISS), which is the 
same as the amount provided in the current year appropriation 
under this account, and the full amount requested. An 
additional $5,000,000 is provided for fiscal year 2000 under 
the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) law enforcement 
technology program, as was provided in the current year 
appropriation. The RISS program provides funds to maintain six 
regionally-based information sharing centers throughout the 
United States which are connected electronically to form a 
nationwide network to allow for the automated exchange of 
information between law enforcement entities addressing major, 
multi-jurisdictional crimes.
    White Collar Crime Information Center.--The Committee 
recommends a total of $9,250,000 for the National White Collar 
Crime Center (NWCCC) for fiscal year 2000, which is $1,900,000 
more than the current year appropriation and the amount 
requested. This program provides assistance to State and local 
law enforcement and regulatory agencies in addressing multi-
jurisdictional white collar crimes. The additional funding is 
intended to be used for increased training and technical 
assistance relating to computer crimes to State and local law 
enforcement and regulatory agencies, for the Center to act as a 
clearinghouse for information on all Federal computer crime 
training available, and to provide a ``yellow pages'' of 
resources available in forensic computer science, computer and 
network investigations.
    Domestic Preparedness Assistance.--The Committee 
recommendation provides a total of $74,000,000 to continue its 
initiative to prepare, equip and train State and local entities 
to respond to incidents of chemical, biological, radiological 
and other incidents of domestic terrorism. Of this amount, the 
Committee recommends the following:
    1. Equipment Grants.--$42,000,000 is provided for equipment 
grants for State and local first responders, including, but not 
limited to, firefighters and emergency services personnel. The 
Committee notes that while $89,500,000 was provided for this 
purpose in fiscal year 1999, these funds have not yet been 
obligated. The Committee reiterates its belief that these 
resources be used to meet the needs of the maximum number of 
communities possible, based upon a comprehensive needs 
assessment which takes into account the relative risk to a 
community, as well as the availability of other Federal, State 
and local resources to address this problem. The Committee 
understands that such needs and risk assessments are currently 
being conducted by each State, and State-wide plans are being 
developed. Therefore, the Committee expects that funds provided 
infiscal year 2000 will be expended only upon completion of, 
and in accordance with, such State-wide plans.
    2. Training.--$32,000,000 is provided for training programs 
for State and local first responders as follows: (1) 
$22,000,000 is provided for the National Domestic Preparedness 
Consortium, of which $10,000,000 is for the Center for Domestic 
Preparedness at Ft. McClellan, Alabama, and $12,000,000 is to 
be equally divided among the four other Consortium members; (2) 
$5,000,000 is provided for the local firefighter and emergency 
service training program; (3) $2,000,000 is provided for law 
enforcement training assistance; and (4) $3,000,000 is provided 
to enable OJP to address emerging training needs not provided 
for elsewhere. Within this amount, the Committee urges OJP to 
consider strengthening its ongoing partnership with the 
Department of Defense to provide equipment sustainment training 
and technical assistance, and to consider funding for 
alternative mechanisms to expand delivery of training by 
utilizing existing distance learning facilities currently 
providing terrorism training to State and local first 
responders.
    Management and Administration.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $32,456,000 for the management and 
administration (M&A;) of the Office of Justice Programs, which 
includes $1,000,000 for management and administration of the 
counterterrorism programs but does not include funds for the 
administration of Juvenile Justice programs, which are provided 
within funds under the Juvenile Justice heading. In addition, 
reimbursable funding will be provided from the Community 
Oriented Policing Services and the Violent Crime Reduction 
Trust Fund programs for the administration of grants under 
these activities.
    The Committee has received the requested recommendations of 
the Office of Justice Programs for reorganization. The 
Committee requested an organizational structure which would 
eliminate duplication and overlap among OJP's programs. The 
Committee's experience with the existing OJP structure of five 
independent bureaus is that it cannot be as responsive to State 
and local needs as required to insure that appropriated funds 
are targeted in a planned, comprehensive and well-coordinated 
way. The Committee understands that OJP's recommendations are 
being reviewed by other Committees and that hearings are to be 
held on the matter. The Committee looks forward to working with 
those Committees and with OJP to determine a restructuring plan 
which will address the problems outlined by the Committee and 
OJP's report.
    As a result of the existing overlap, the Committee 
recommendation includes for a second year the requested 
provision which authorizes the Assistant Attorney General for 
OJP to have final authority over all grants, cooperative 
agreements and contracts for OJP.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends a total of $2,822,950,000 for 
fiscal year 2000, of which $1,193,450,000 is provided from the 
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, for State and Local Law 
Enforcement Assistance programs. This amount is $99,000,000 
below the current year appropriation and $1,244,450,000 above 
the amount requested. These funds will provide assistance to 
State and local governments in their drug control and crime 
fighting efforts as follows:

               State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 2000          2000
                                    1999       Request    Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Grants:
    Discretionary Grants......       47,000       59,950         47,000
    Formula Grants............      505,000      400,000        505,000
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Byrne Grants:....      552,000      459,950        552,000
    Local Law Enforcement           523,000            0        523,000
     block Grant..............
    (Boys and Girls Club           (40,000)            0       (40,000)
     Earmark).................
    Juvenile Crime Block Grant      250,000            0        250,000
    Certainty of Punishment               0       35,000              0
     (New)....................
    Indian Tribal Courts              5,000        5,000              0
     Initiative...............
    Drug Courts...............       40,000       50,000         40,000
    State Prison Grants.......      720,500       75,000        686,500
    State Criminal Alien Asst.      420,000      500,000        420,000
     Program..................
    State Prison Drug                63,000       65,100         63,000
     Treatment................
    Drug Intervention Program             0      100,000              0
     (New)....................
    Violence Against Women          282,750      282,750        282,750
     Grants...................
    Other Crime Control
     Programs:................
    Missing Alzheimer's                 900          900            900
     Patient..................
    Law Enforcement Family            1,500        1,500          1,500
     Support..................
    Motor Vehicle Theft               1,300        1,300          1,300
     Prevention...............
    Senior Citizens Against           2,000        2,000          2,000
     Marketing Scams..........
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, State and Local      2,921,950    1,578,500      2,822,950
       Assistance.............
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         DIRECT APPROPRIATIONS

    Local Law Enforcement Block Grant.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $523,000,000 for the Local Law 
Enforcement Block Grant program, which is the same as the level 
provided in the current fiscal year and $523,000,000 more than 
requested by the Administration which proposed to eliminate 
funding for this block grant in its 2000 budget request. This 
program provides grants to localities to reduce crime and 
improve public safety. Of the amount included, $20,000,000 will 
be provided to NIJ for assisting local units to identify, 
select, develop, modernize, and purchase new technologies for 
use by law enforcement. The recommendation also includes 
language that allows up to $40,000,000 of these funds to be 
used for Boys and Girls Clubs.
    The recommendation for funding for the Local Law 
Enforcement Block Grant continues the commitment to provide 
local governments with the resources and flexibility to address 
specific crime problems in their communities with their own 
solutions. The Committee notes the importance of this program 
through the activities which localities used these resources 
for in fiscal year 1998:
          $332,934,000, 81%, supported law enforcement hiring, 
        overtime and equipment and technology;
          $9,479,000, 2.3%, supported enhanced security 
        measures in and around schools;
          $11,030,000, 2.7%, supported additional drug courts;
          $13,034,000, 3.2%, supported the adjudication of 
        violent offenders, including violent juvenile 
        offenders;
          $41,567,000, 10.5%, supported crime prevention 
        programs; and
          $765,000, 0.3%, supported multi-jurisdictional task 
        forces.
    State Prison Grants.--The recommendation provides 
$686,500,000 for the State Prison Grant program, which is 
$34,000,000 below the current year level, and which does not 
include the requested $34,000,000 for facilities in Indian 
Country, and is $611,500,000 above the request. Of this amount, 
$165,000,000 is available to States for the incarceration of 
criminal aliens and $25,000,000 is for the Cooperative 
Agreement Program. This program provides grants to States to 
build and expand temporary or permanent correctional 
facilities, boot camps, and jails to increase the capacity for 
confinement of violent criminals.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.--The 
recommendation provides $420,000,000 for the State Criminal 
Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP) for the reimbursement to 
States for the costs of incarceration of criminal aliens. This 
amount is in addition to $165,000,000 which is included for 
this purpose under the State Prison Grants program. Thus, the 
Committee recommends a total of $585,000,000 for reimbursement 
to States for the cost of alien incarceration, which is 
$85,000,000 more than the amount requested and the same level 
as the current year appropriation.
    The Committee understands that, due to the changed method 
of determining amounts and distribution of SCAAP funds provided 
for in the current year appropriationthat, for the first time, 
OJP was able to distribute these funds within the same fiscal year. The 
Committee commends OJP for this accomplishment and directs it to 
continue the revised plan for fiscal year 2000.
    The Committee is interested in ways to further improve the 
efficiency of SCAAP and directs OJP to look at uniform 
accounting proposals, such as one for the Southwest border 
states, for that purpose.

              VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND PROGRAMS

    Edward Byrne Grants to States.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $552,000,000 for the Edward Byrne 
Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Program, of 
which $47,000,000 is for discretionary grants and $505,000,000 
is for formula grants under this program. The recommended level 
is $92,050,000 above the level requested, and the same amount 
provided in the current year.
    Discretionary Grants.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $47,000,000 for discretionary grants under Chapter A 
of the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement 
Assistance Program to be administered by the Bureau of Justice 
Assistance (BJA) to public or private agencies and nonprofit 
organizations, for educational and training programs, technical 
assistance, improvement of State criminal justice systems, and 
demonstration projects of a multi-jurisdictional nature. Within 
the amount provided for discretionary grants, the Committee 
expects BJA to provide:
          --$1,750,000 to continue the Drug Abuse Restoration 
        Education (DARE AMERICA) program;
          --continued funding at the current year level for the 
        National Motor Vehicle Title Information System, 
        authorized by the Anti-Car Theft Improvement Act, to 
        modify State computer software, assist joint State 
        research and development, and establish network 
        infrastructure;
          --continued funding at the current year level for the 
        Washington Metropolitan Area Drug Enforcement Task 
        Force and for expansion of the regional gang tracking 
        system;
          --continued funding at the current year level to 
        SEARCH Group, Inc. to continue the National Technical 
        Assistance Program, which provides support to State and 
        local criminal justice agencies to improve their use of 
        computers and information technology;
          --continued funding at the current year level for the 
        National Crime Prevention Council to continue the 
        National Citizens Crime Prevention Campaign (McGruff); 
        and
          --$1,900,000 to the National Forensic Science 
        Technology Center to establish proficiency tests and to 
        perform a needs analysis of all crime laboratories 
        utilized by Federal law enforcement to address quality, 
        standardization, and accreditation needs.
    In addition, within the amounts appropriated for 
discretionary grants, the Committee also expects BJA to examine 
each of the following proposals, to provide grants if 
warranted, and to submit a report to the Committee on its 
intentions for each proposal: continued funding for a public 
safety master plan for the 2002 Olympics; the Rural Crime 
Prevention and Prosecution Demonstration Project; the community 
security program of the Local Initiatives Support Corporation; 
Haymarket House; family violence response teams in Los Angeles; 
the National Center for Innovation in Judicial Administration 
at the University of Mississippi School of Law for judicial 
education and training; the National Training and Information 
Center; Westcare; a pilot program for a mental health court for 
non-violent offenders with an identified mental illness; the 
Ben Clark public safety training program; and a study on 
weapons of mass destruction.
    Formula Grants.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$505,000,000 for formula grants to States under the Edward 
Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance 
Program to improve the functioning of the criminal justice 
system with an emphasis on drugs, violent crime and serious 
offenders. This represents the same level of funding as in the 
current year and an increase of $105,000,000 over the requested 
level.
    Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant.--The 
Committee recognizes the importance of supporting efforts that 
will continue to reduce juvenile crime. The recommendation 
includes $250,000,000 for the third year of funding for the 
Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant to address the 
needs of State and local entities in combating increasing 
violent crime among juveniles, the same level is in fiscal year 
1999, and $250,000,000 above the request, since the budget 
proposed to terminate this program. In order to provide 
communities with the resources and flexibility to meet their 
specific needs, the Committee has provided funding for this 
block grant, instead of including $35,000,000 for a new 
discretionary grant program for Certainty of Punishment to 
develop alternatives to incarceration, which is an eligible use 
of the block grant. Language is included to provide for the 
distribution of block grant funding under the terms and 
conditions provided in the fiscal year 1999 conference report. 
In accordance with H.R. 3, funds are available for the 
following purposes:
          (1) building, expanding or operating juvenile 
        detention and corrections facilities;
          (2) developing and administering accountability-based 
        sanctions for juvenile offenders;
          (3) hiring additional juvenile judges, probation 
        officers, and court-appointed defenders, and funding 
        pre-trial services for juveniles, to ensure the smooth 
        and expeditious administration of the juvenile justice 
        system;
          (4) hiring additional prosecutors so that more cases 
        involving violent juvenile offenders can be prosecuted 
        and backlogs can be reduced;
          (5) providing funding to enable prosecutors to 
        address drug, gang, and youth violence more 
        effectively;
          (6) providing funding for technology, equipment and 
        training to assist prosecutors in identifying and 
        expediting the prosecution of violent juvenile 
        offenders;
          (7) providing funding to enable juvenile courts and 
        probation offices to be more effective and efficient in 
        holding juvenile offenders accountable;
          (8) establishing court-based juvenile justice 
        programs that target young firearms offenders through 
        the establishment of juvenile gun courts for the 
        adjudication and prosecution of juvenile firearms 
        offenders;
          (9) establishing drug court programs for juvenile 
        offenders;
          (10) establishing and maintaining interagency 
        information-sharing programs that enable the juvenile 
        and criminal justice system, schools, and social 
        services agencies to identify, control, supervise and 
        treat serious juvenile offenders; and
          (11) establishing and maintaining accountability-
        based programs that work with the juvenile offenders 
        who are referred by law enforcement agencies, or which 
        are designed, in cooperation with law enforcement 
        officials, to protect students and school personnel 
        from drug, gang, and youth violence.-
    Indian Tribal Court Initiative.--The recommendation does 
not include funding for the requested Indian Tribal Court 
Initiative, which is an initiative that is neither defined nor 
authorized.
    Violence Against Women Act.--The Committee recommends 
$282,750,000 for grants to support the Violence Against Women 
Act. This amount represents the same level of funding as in the 
current year appropriation and the request. Grants provided 
under this recommendation are for the following programs:

                                       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT PROGRAMS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            2000
                                                          1999         2000 Request    Recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------
Violence Against Women Grant Programs:
General Grants....................................         206,750          206,750          206,750
    (Civil Legal Assistance)......................         (23,000)         (23,000)         (28,000)
Victims of Child Abuse:
    CASA (Special Advocates)......................           9,000            9,000            9,000
    Training for Judicial Personnel...............           2,000            2,000            2,000
    Grants for Televised Testimony................           1,000            1,000            1,000
Grants to Encourage Arrest........................          34,000           34,000           34,000
Rural Domestic Violence...........................          25,000           25,000           25,000
Training Programs.................................           5,000            5,000            5,000
                                                   -------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, VAWA Programs........................         282,750          282,750          282,750
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Funding included for Violence Against Women Programs will 
continue to provide resources to expand units of law 
enforcement officers and prosecutors specifically targeted at 
crimes against women, develop and implement effective arrest 
and prosecution policies to prevent, identify and respond to 
violent crimes against women, and provide much needed victims 
services including specialized domestic violence court 
advocates to obtain protection orders.
    The recommendation provides $206,750,000 for law 
enforcement and prosecution grants, commonly referred to as the 
STOP (Services-Training-Officers-Prosecutors) Violence Against 
Women Formula Grant program, which is the level requested in 
the budget and in the current year appropriation. Within this 
amount, the Committee recommendation includes $28,000,000 for 
the purpose of augmenting civil legal assistance programs to 
address domestic violence, instead of the requested 
$23,000,000; $5,200,000 for research and evaluation of domestic 
violence programs, as requested; $1,196,000 to support an 
enhanced domestic prosecution unit within the District of 
Columbia, as requested; and $10,000,000 for the Safe Start 
program, which provides direct intervention and treatment to 
youth who are victims, witnesses or perpetrators of violent 
crimes, as requested.
    The recommendation includes $34,000,000 for Grants to 
Encourage Arrest Policies, the same as in the current fiscal 
year and the amount requested. The recommendation also includes 
$25,000,000 for the Rural Domestic Violence program, the same 
as in the current fiscal year and the amount requested.
    Drug Courts.--The recommendation includes $40,000,000 for 
the Drug Court grant program, the same as in the current fiscal 
year and $10,000,000 below the budget request. This program 
provides grants to State, local, and Indian tribal governments 
to develop treatment drug courts that subject non-violent 
offenders to an integrated mix of treatment, drug testing, 
incentives, and sanctions.
    Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners.--The 
Committee recommends $63,000,000 for grants to States and units 
of local government for development and implementation of 
residential substance abuse treatment programs within State 
correctional facilities, and certain local correctional and 
detention facilities. This is the amount of the current year 
appropriation, and $2,100,000 below the request. The 
recommendation does not include requested language expanding 
the use of these grants to provide after-care for released 
State prisoners.
    Drug Testing and Intervention Initiative.--The Committee 
does not recommend funding for this initiative, for which 
$100,000,000 was requested. The Committee is not aware that 
this initiative has been defined or legislation to authorize it 
submitted to the Congress. -
    Safe Return Program.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$900,000 to continue the national program to locate missing 
Alzheimer patients, the same level as in fiscal year 1999 and 
the request.
    Law Enforcement Family Support programs.--The 
recommendation includes $1,500,000 for programs that provide 
support services to law enforcement officers and their 
families, the level in the current year appropriation and the 
amount requested.
    Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention.--The recommendation 
provides $1,300,000 for grants to combat motor vehicle theft 
prevention through cooperative partnerships between car owners 
and State and local law enforcement to reduce car theft 
committed by professional auto thieves and to facilitate their 
recovery. This amount is the same as the level provided in the 
current fiscal year and the amount requested for this program.
    Senior Citizens Against Marketing Scams.--The 
recommendation includes $2,000,000, the same level as provided 
in the current fiscal year and the full amount requested, for 
programs to assist law enforcement in preventing and stopping 
marketing scams against the elderly.

                       WEED AND SEED PROGRAM FUND

    The Committee recommendation provides $33,500,000 for the 
Weed and Seed program from direct appropriations, instead of 
$33,500,000 from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, as 
requested in the budget.
    The Committee recognizes that crime disproportionately 
affects disadvantaged neighborhoods. The Committee also 
recognizes that the best solutions to crime problems are 
customized to neighborhood needs. The Weed and Seed program 
serves as a crime prevention catalyst, coordinating existing 
anti-crime efforts in high-crime neighborhoods and leveraging 
other resources for activities such as truancy prevention, 
conflict resolution, mentoring, gun abatement, justice 
innovations, jobs for at-risk youth, and anti-gang initiatives.
    The Committee also recommends bill language, included in 
previous fiscal years, making funds available for grants or 
agreements with State agencies or to reimburse Federal agencies 
in order to execute the Weed and Seed strategy, and also allows 
for the use of other Department of Justice funds to support the 
Weed and Seed program.

                  Community Oriented Policing Services

    The Committee recommendation includes $268,000,000 for the 
Community Oriented Policing Services--the COPS Program--for 
fiscal year 2000, including $25,000,000 for the Police Corps 
program. This is the authorized level for fiscal year 2000, 
$1,007,000,000 below the request, and $1,162,000,000 below the 
current year level. In addition, the Committee recommendation 
allows $140,000,000 of unobligated balances to be used for 
innovative community policing programs.
    Police Hiring Initiatives.--The Committee has provided 
funding since fiscal year 1994 to support grants for the hiring 
of over 100,000 police officers. On May 12, 1999, the COPS 
office announced that it had reached its goal of hiring 100,000 
police officers. Therefore the Committee directs the COPS 
office to focus all future new hiring beyond the 100,000 
officer goal on the Safe School hiring program established in 
the current fiscal year.
    The recommendation includes $150,000,000 in appropriated 
funds for the continuation of the Safe Schools initiative, 
which will provide funding to police departments and sheriff's 
offices, in partnerships with schools and other community-based 
organizations, to improve the safety of elementary and 
secondary school children and educators in and around schools 
and for hiring school resource officers to identify the causes 
of school violence and develop new approaches to address the 
problem. Together with the school violence prevention 
initiative described below, the recommendation includes 
$167,500,000 for safe schools for America's children.
    Non-Hiring Initiatives.--The Committee is aware that 
$165,193,000 of funds provided for the COPS program in fiscal 
year 1998 carried forward into 1999. As a result of this 
carryover, total funding available for the COPS program in 
fiscal year 1999 is $1,595,193,000. The Committee understands 
that as of May 31, 1999, only $503,696,000 of these funds have 
been obligated and anticipates that the COPS program will carry 
over a similar amount of funding into fiscal year 2000 after 
completion of its grant-making process for 1999.
    Having met the stated goal of hiring 100,000 police 
officers, the Committee also wants to ensure that there is 
adequate infrastructure for the new police officers, similar to 
the focus that has been provided for Federal law enforcement 
over the past several, so that police officers may work more 
efficiently, equipped with the protection, tools and technology 
they need, and with the flexibility to design specific 
strategies to target specific crime problems, such as crime in 
and around schools, the emergence of methamphetamine the 
challenges of policing ``hot spots'' of drug market activity, 
confronting the problems of school violence, and providing 
bulletproof vests for law enforcement officers. The Committee 
therefore believes that $140,000,000 of unused funds from 
fiscal year 1999 should be used to address these critical law 
enforcement requirements and directs the COPS program to 
establish the following non-hiring grant programs:-
    1. COPS Bullet-proof vests initiative.--The Committee 
directs $25,000,000 of appropriated funds to be used to provide 
State and local law enforcement officers with bullet proof 
vests, the second year of the program, in accordance with 
Public Law 105-181. -
    2. COPS School Violence Initiatives.--The Committee directs 
$17,500,000 of appropriated funds from the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund in the COPs program tobe used to provide 
grants to policing agencies and schools to provide resources for 
programs aimed at preventing violence in schools, and to support the 
assignment of officers to work in collaboration with schools and 
community-based organizations to address crime and disorder problems, 
gangs, and drug activities affecting or occurring in or around an 
elementary or secondary school, to develop or expand crime prevention 
efforts for students, to provide education in crime prevention and 
safety, to develop or expand community justice initiatives, to train 
students in conflict resolution, to assist in identifying physical 
improvements in the schools to reduce crime, and to assist with the 
development of anti-crime, school policy and procedural changes. These 
programs are necessary to address what appears to be a growing trend of 
extreme violence within schools by and against students. Within the 
overall amounts recommended for this program, the Committee expects the 
COPs office to examine each of the following proposals, to provide 
grants if warranted, and to submit a report to the Committee on its 
intentions for each proposal:
        --a grant to the Home Run Program to place probation 
        officers in school districts to assist elementary 
        schools with children beginning to engage in delinquent 
        behavior;
        --a grant to the Youth Outreach program; and
        --a grant to the University of Kentucky for research on 
        school violence prevention.
    3. COPs Law Enforcement Technology Program.--The Committee 
recommendation directs $70,000,000 to be used for continued 
development of technologies and automated systems to assist 
State and local law enforcement agencies in investigating, 
responding to and preventing crime. Of the $70,000,000, the 
Committee directs that $15,500,000 be derived from appropriated 
funds and $54,500,000 be derived from unobligated balances. In 
particular, the Committee recognizes the importance of sharing 
of criminal information and intelligence among State and local 
law enforcement agencies to address multi-jurisdictional 
crimes. Additionally, this program is to be used to purchase 
the technology, including videoteleconferencing equipment, 
necessary to assist state and local law enforcement in 
contacting the Immigration and Naturalization Service to allow 
them to confirm the identification of illegal and criminal 
aliens in their custody.
    Within the amounts made available under this program, the 
Committee expects the COPs office to award grants for the 
following technology programs:
        --$5,000,000 to the Regional Information Sharing System 
        (RISS) for the RISS Secure Intranet to increase the 
        ability of law enforcement member agencies to share and 
        retrieve criminal intelligence information on a real-
        time basis;
        --$5,000,000 for the North Carolina Criminal Justice 
        Information (CJIS-J-NET) for the final year of funding 
        of their comprehensive integrated criminal information 
        system; the Committee expects that the North Carolina 
        criminal justice officials will assist other states 
        desiring to set up similar state-wide information 
        systems;
        --continue current year funding for the Southwest 
        Border States Anti-Drug Information System, which will 
        provide for the purchase and deployment of this 
        technology network between all State and local law 
        enforcement agencies in the four southwest border 
        states--California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas--to 
        provide information sharing of drug trafficking along 
        the U.S.-Mexico border, by linking criminal and 
        intelligence databases of these States, the El Paso 
        Intelligence Center, and certain components of the 
        Regional Information Sharing System; and
        --continue current year funding for 
        videoteleconferencing equipment necessary to assist 
        State and local law enforcement in contacting the 
        Immigration and Naturalization Service to allow them to 
        confirm the identification of illegal and criminal 
        aliens in their custody; and
        --$1,450,000, for a grant for the Access to Court 
        Electronic Data for Criminal Justice Agencies project.
    In addition, the Committee is aware of communications and 
technology needs of various law enforcement agencies. Within 
the overall amounts recommended for the COPs technology 
program, the Committee expects the COPs office to examine each 
of the following proposals, to provide grants if warranted, and 
to submit a report to the Committee on its intentions for each 
proposal:
        --a grant for the Southwest Alabama Department of 
        Justice's initiative to integrate data from various 
        criminal justice agencies to meet SW Alabama's public 
        safety needs;
        --a grant to expand the demonstration program enabling 
        local law enforcement officers to field-test a portable 
        hand-held digital fingerprint and photo device which 
        would be compatible with NCIC 2000;
        --a grant for Los Angeles County for equipment relating 
        to the criminal alien demonstration project;
        --a grant for Project Hoosier SAFE-T;
        --a grant for the Kentucky Justice Cabinet for 
        equipment to implement a sexual offender registration 
        and community notification information system; and
        --grants for technology to police departments in 
        communities that are in need of modernizing their 
        equipment and for which alternative sources of funding 
        are not available, including, if contacted, the 
        communities of Alameda County, California; Clackamas, 
        Oregon; Hampton Roads, Virginia; Harrison, New York; 
        Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky; Logan, Utah; New Rochelle, 
        New York; Riverside, California; Ventura County, 
        California; and Yellowstone County, Montana.
    4. COPs Methamphetamine/Drug Hot Spots Program.--The 
Committee directs $35,000,000 of unobligated balances in the 
COPs program to be used for State and local law enforcement 
programs to combat methamphetamine production and distribution 
and to target drug ``hot spots.'' The Committee is aware that 
the production, trafficking, and usage of methamphetamine, an 
extremely destructive and addictive synthetic drug, is a 
growing national problem. Available data has shown that 
methamphetamine abuse has risen significantly in the West and 
Southwest, is threatening the Midwest and is spreading 
eastward. Despite some successes in the seizure of clandestine 
drug laboratories, limited State and local law enforcement 
resources coupled with the complexity of clandestine laboratory 
enforcement investigation and cleanup processes have made the 
fight against illicit methamphetamine manufacturing a difficult 
one.
    The Committee also recognizes that most research on crime 
programs concludes that the effective programs seem to share a 
key characteristic--they target specific types of crimes, 
convicts, or potential lawbreakers. The Committee believe that 
grants to policing agencies and community-based entities to 
fund directed patrols, proactive arrests and problem solving in 
drug ``hot spots'' will show evidence of drug and crime 
reduction.
    Within the amount provided, the Committee expects the COPs 
office to award grants for the following programs:
        --continuation at the current year funding level to the 
        California Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement's 
        Methamphetamine Strategy to support additional law 
        enforcement officers, intelligence gathering and 
        forensic capabilities, training and community outreach 
        programs;
        --continuation at the current year funding level to the 
        Tri-State Methamphetamine Training program to train 
        officers from rural areas on methamphetamine 
        interdiction, covert operations, intelligence 
        gathering, locating clandestine laboratories, case 
        development, and prosecution;
        --a grant for pilot projects in middle schools 
        particularly at risk, to the Drug Abuse Resistance 
        Education (DARE AMERICA) to test the recently agreed 
        upon strategies resulting from consultations between 
        the DARE program and prevention experts to improve the 
        effectiveness of this important program;
        --$1,000,000, to form a Western Kentucky 
        methamphetamine training program and to provide 
        equipment and manpower to form inter-departmental task 
        forces;
        --$750,000 for a New Mexico methamphetamine program for 
        additional law enforcement officers, intelligence 
        gathering and forensic capabilities, training and 
        community outreach programs; and
        --a grant to the Polk County Sheriff's office to 
        support additional law enforcement officers, 
        intelligence gathering and forensic capabilities, 
        training and community outreach programs for an 
        expanded methamphetamine program.
    5. COPs Crime Identification Technology program.--The 
Committee directs $60,000,000 of appropriated funds in the 
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund in the COPs program to be 
used and distributed pursuant to the Crime Identification 
Technology Act of 1998, P.L. 105-251. Under that act, eligible 
uses of the funds are (1) upgrading criminal history and 
criminal justice record systems; (2) improvement of criminal 
justice identification, including fingerprint-based systems; 
(3) promote compatibility and integration of national, State, 
and local systems for criminal justice purposes, firearms 
eligibility determinations, identification of sexual offenders, 
identification of domestic violence offenders, background 
checks for other authorized purposes; (4) capture information 
for statistical and research purposes; (5) multijurisdictional, 
multiagency communications systems; and (6) improvement of 
capabilities of forensic sciences, including DNA.
    Police Corps.--The Committee directs $25,000,000 of 
unobligated balances in the COPs program to be used for the 
Police Corps, instead of the requested $30,000,000 of 
appropriated funds. The Committee understands that an annual 
data collection and reporting program on excessive use of force 
by law officers, pursuant to Subtitle D of Title XXI of the 
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 has been 
previously funded within the unobligated balances of this 
program. The recommendation includes continued funding of this 
data collection in the same manner.
    Management and Administration.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $25,500,000 within unobligated balances 
for the management and administration of the Community Oriented 
Policing Services program.
    Huntington Park, California in Los Angeles County reflects 
the law enforcement challenge to serving people living in small 
yet densely-populated communities outside major metropolitan 
areas. The Committee commends Huntington Park for its effective 
use of COPS Ahead resources.
    The Committee is aware of the efforts of the Regional 
Community Policing Institutes, which provide resources, 
information and training to law enforcement and comment them, 
especially the Western Community Policing Center, for their 
efforts.
    The request included the following initiatives, which were 
not funded as:
    (1) $200,000,000 for community prosecutors. The Committee 
notes that funding for prosecutors is an eligible use of the 
Local Law Enforcement Block grant; the Juvenile Accountability 
Incentive Block Grant; and the Byrne discretionary program.
    (2) $350,000,000 for crime-fighting technologies program.
    The Committee notes that funding for law enforcement 
technologies are available under the COPS law enforcement 
technology program, the COPS crime identification technology 
program; the Local Law Enforcement Block Grant program; the 
bullet-proof vest grant program; and the Byrne discretionary 
grant program.
    (3) $125,000,000 for Community Crime Prevention program. 
The Committee notes that funding for crime prevention is an 
eligible use of the Local Law Enforcement Block Grant program; 
the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant program; the 
Byrne discretionary program; the COPS methamphetamine/drug hot 
spots program; and the COPS safe schools program.
    The Committee further notes that no implementing 
legislation has yet been transmitted to Congress to authorize 
these programs.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$284,597,000 for Juvenile Justice Programs for fiscal year 
2000, $4,000,000 below the request and the same amount provided 
in the current fiscal year.
    Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.--The Committee 
recognizes the dramatic increase in juvenile delinquency, 
particularly violent crime committed by juveniles. The 
Committee also understands that addressing juvenile violence 
requires a combination of strategies that involve (1) focusing 
law enforcement on dangerous, violent youths and making sure 
the punishment fits the crime; (2) community intervention to 
help solve the underlying problems of first-time offenders; (3) 
quality prevention programs that are designed to reduce risks 
and develop competencies in at-risk juveniles; and (4) programs 
that hold juveniles accountable for their actions, including 
systems of graduated sanctions, victim restitution and 
community service.
    The Committee further understands that changes to Juvenile 
Justice and Delinquency Prevention Programs are being 
considered in the reauthorization process of the Juvenile 
Justice and Delinquency Act of 1974. The Committee understands 
there is bi-partisan support for Title XIII of H.R. 1501, the 
Juvenile Crime Control and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1999, 
which passed the House of Representatives on June 17, 1999, and 
is due to be conferenced with the Senate, and which provides 
authorizations for juvenile crime prevention funding. The 
Administration's budget request was based on a proposal that is 
not being considered in the House. Consequently, the Committee 
recommendation includes language that provides funding for 
these programs based on the juvenile prevention authorizations 
included Title XIII of H.R. 1501, as a model, and is subject to 
the provisions of authorization language that is enacted.
    The Committee directs the Office of Juvenile Justice and 
Delinquency Prevention to continue funding the Safe School 
initiative begun in the current year to the maximum extent 
possible.
    The Committee directs the Office of Juvenile Justice and 
Delinquency Prevention in collaboration with the Center for 
Mental Health Services and the National Institute of Mental 
Health to conduct a comprehensive mental health study of 
juveniles in the criminal justice system, including: (1) a 
study of the mental health needs of juveniles; (2) the 
identification of government entities which have developed 
model screening, assessment or treatment programs that meet the 
needs of these juveniles; and (3) the evaluation of the 
availability of mental health services to youth at risk of 
participating in delinquent activities.
    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$284,597,000 for fiscal year 2000, the same level as in the 
current year appropriation and $4,000,000 less than the 
request, for grants to States and localities and administrative 
expenses for Juvenile Crime and Delinquency Prevention 
Programs. Using Title XIII of H.R. 1501 as a model, the 
recommendation provides funding for the following programs:
          1. $6,847,000, for the Office of Juvenile Crime 
        Control and Delinquency Prevention (OJCCDP) (Part A), 
        of which $200,000 is for coordination of Federal 
        efforts, and $6,647,000 of which is for program 
        administration.
          2. $89,000,000, for Formula Grants for assistance to 
        State and local programs (Part B).
          3. $130,000,000, for a Juvenile Delinquency 
        Prevention Block Grant Program (Part C).
          4. $15,043,000 for Research, Evaluation, Technical 
        Assistance and Training (Part D)
          5. $26,707,000 for Developing, Testing, and 
        Demonstrating Promising New Initiatives and Programs 
        (Part E).
    Within the amounts provided for Parts D and E discretionary 
grants, the Committee expects the OJCCDP to:
        --continue current year funding for Parents Anonymous, 
        which develops partnerships with local communities to 
        build and support strong, safe families and to help 
        break the cycle of abuse and delinquency;
        --continue current year funding for the National 
        Council of Juvenile and Family Courts which provides 
        continuing legal education in family and juvenile law;
        --continue current year funding for the L.A. Best youth 
        program;
        --provide $3,000,000 for the Mount Hope Center for a 
        youth program;
        --provide $500,000 for the L.A. Dads and Family 
        program;
    In addition, the Committee is aware of a number of 
encouraging programs to develop partnerships with local 
communities and help prevent the cycle of abuse and 
delinquency. Within the overall amounts recommended for Parts D 
and E, the Committee expects the OJCCDP to examine each of the 
following proposals, to provide grants if warranted, and to 
submit a report to the Committee on its intentions for each 
proposal: a grant to support Project O.A.S.I.S.; a grant to 
continue funding at the current level for law-related 
education; a grant to the Suffolk University Center for 
Juvenile Justice; a grant to L.A. Bridges after school programs 
for youth at risk; a grant to the Kids with a Promise program; 
a grant to Operation Quality Time; a grant to Teens, Crime, and 
the Community; a grant for the Achievable Dream program for 
after school programs for youth at risk; a grant for the Youth 
Crime Watch initiative; a grant for No Workshops . . . No Jump 
Shots; a grant for the Miami-Dade Juvenile Assessment Center 
for a demonstration project; a grant to the Culinary Arts 
Training program for at-risk youth; a grant to the Louisville 
Catholic Charities for an after-school program; a grant for the 
Mecklenburg County HERO program; a grant for the University of 
Missouri Juvenile Justice Center for research; a grant for 
United Neighborhoods of Northern Virginia; a grant for a 
juvenile crime prevention program in Kalamazoo; continued 
support for the Hamilton Fish Institute for School and 
Community Violence; and a grant to the Long Island anti-gang 
task force.
    Drug Prevention Program.--The Committee recognizes that 
while crime is on the decline in certain parts of America, a 
dangerous precursor to crime, namely teenage drug use, is on 
the rise and may soon reach a 20-year high. Nearly a quarter of 
grade school children have been offered drugs, and too many 
children no longer believe drugs are harmful or dangerous. 
Teenage use of marijuana, a ``gateway'' to more serious drugs, 
has more than doubled since 1992. -
    The Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 for the 
third year of this program to develop, demonstrate and test 
programs to increase the perception among children and youth 
that drug use is risky, harmful, or unattractive. This is the 
same level as the current year and the request. This initiative 
is intended as part of a coordinated, government-wide strategy 
against teenage drug abuse that is consistent with existing 
research findings on effective prevention and treatment 
methods.
    Victims of Child Abuse Act.--The Committee recommends a 
total of $7,000,000 for the various programs authorized under 
the Victims of Child Abuse Act (VOCA). In addition, funding of 
$7,000,000 is provided for Victims of Child Abuse programs 
under the Violence Against Women Programs funded under State 
and Local Assistance, Violent Crime Reduction Programs. The 
total amounts recommended for Victims of Child Abuse Act 
provide full amount requested, the same as the amount provided 
in the current fiscal year. The following programs are included 
in the recommendation to improve investigations and 
prosecutions:
        --$1,000,000 to establish Regional Children's Advocacy 
        Centers, as authorized by section 213 of VOCA;
        --$4,000,000 to establish local Children's Advocacy 
        Centers, as authorized by section 214 of VOCA;
        --$1,500,000 for a continuation grant to the National 
        Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse for specialized 
        technical assistance and training programs to improve 
        the prosecution of child abuse cases, as authorized by 
        section 214a of VOCA; and
        --$500,000 for a continuation grant to the National 
        Network of Child Advocacy Centers for technical 
        assistance and training, as authorized by section 214a 
        of VOCA.

                    PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS BENEFITS-

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$32,541,000 for death benefits to public safety officers for 
fiscal year 2000, the full amount requested and an increase of 
$732,000 above the current year appropriation. This program 
provides a lump sum death benefit payment to eligible survivors 
of Federal, State and local public safety officers whose death 
was the direct and proximate result of a traumatic injury 
sustained in the line of duty.-
    As in the current appropriation, disability benefits will 
be funded from the program's expected 1999 unobligated 
carryover balance, which as of July 1999 was $2,261,071 and is 
estimated to be sufficient to cover all claims. This program 
provides disability benefits for Federal, state, and local 
public safety officers who are permanently and totally disabled 
as the direct result of a catastrophic injury sustained in the 
line of duty.-
    In addition, the request and Committee recommendation do 
not include appropriated funding for the Federal Law 
Enforcement Dependents Assistance Program for fiscal year 2000 
because sufficient funding is estimated to be available from 
fiscal year 1999 carryover funds. This program provides 
payments for education purposes to the children and spouses for 
Federal, civilian, law enforcement officers killed or disabled 
in the line of duty.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice in this bill:
          Section 101 provides language, included in previous 
        appropriations acts, which makes up to $45,000 of the 
        funds appropriated to the Department of Justice 
        available for reception and representation expenses.
          Section 102 provides language, included in previous 
        appropriations acts, which continues certain 
        authorities for the Justice Department in fiscal year 
        2000 that were contained in the Department of Justice 
        Authorization Act, fiscal year 1980.
          Section 103 provides language, included in the 
        appropriations acts for the last three years and prior 
        to 1994, which prohibits the use of funds to perform 
        abortions in the Federal Prison System.
          Section 104 provides language, included in previous 
        appropriations acts, which prohibits use of the funds 
        in this bill to require any person to perform, or 
        facilitate the performance of, an abortion.
          Section 105 provides language, included in previous 
        appropriations acts, which states that nothing in the 
        previous section removes the obligation of the Director 
        of the Bureau of Prisons to provide escort services to 
        female inmates who seek to obtain abortions outside a 
        Federal facility.
          Section 106 provides language, included in previous 
        appropriations acts, which allows the Department of 
        Justice to spend up to $10,000,000 for rewards for 
        information regarding criminal acts and acts of 
        terrorism against a United States person or property at 
        levels not to exceed $2,000,000 per award.
          Section 107 provides language, included in previous 
        appropriations acts, which allows the Department of 
        Justice, subject to the Committee's reprogramming 
        procedures, to transfer up to 5 percent between any 
        appropriation, but limits to 10 percent the amount that 
        can be transferred into any one appropriation.
          Section 108 provides modified language, similar to a 
        provision included in the fiscal year 1999 
        Appropriations Act, which delineates the authority of 
        the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of 
        Justice Programs.
          Section 109 provides modified language, to make 
        permanent provisions included in the fiscal year 1999 
        Appropriations Act, which waive certain acquisition 
        regulations in certain terrorism-related matters, and 
        prohibit the disclosure of certain personal information 
        on correctional employees.
          Section 110 provides modified language, similar to a 
        provision included in the fiscal year 1999 
        Appropriations Act, which addresses the payment of 
        judgments against the United States as a result of the 
        Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement 
        Act (FIRREA).
          Section 111 provides language, modified from the 
        request, which authorizes the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation to apply contributions received in 
        certain joint foreign projects to the costs of such 
        projects.
          Section 112 provides language, as requested, which 
        clarifies the responsibilities of certain officers of 
        the Department of Justice.
          Section 113, provides language, as requested, which 
        authorizes the United States Marshals Service to obtain 
        services at fair and reasonable prices.
          Section 114, provides language which extends a 
        provision included in the fiscal year 1999 Supplemental 
        Appropriations Act to allow assistance and services to 
        be provided to the families of the victims of Pan Am 
        Flight 103.
          Section 115, provides language, modified from the 
        request, which changes the filing fees for certain 
        bankruptcy proceedings.

         TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $8,079,863,000 for the 
programs of the United States Trade Representative, the 
International Trade Commission and the Department of Commerce 
for fiscal year 2000, of which $4,476,253,000 is designated as 
emergency spending. This amount is $6,674,366,000 below the 
total request, including requested advance appropriations, and 
$1,012,021,000 below the total request, not including requested 
advance appropriations. Compared to the current fiscal year, 
this amount is $2,911,589,000 above the total provided.
    The Committee has continued a structure initiated in fiscal 
year 1996 under this title that reflects the fundamental 
functions that will need to be considered as the overall 
administrative structure of these programs is examined. This 
reflects the Committee's effort to identify and prioritize 
programs within these agencies and Departments.

                  TRADE AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee has included under this section of Title II 
the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, the International 
Trade Commission, and the Department of Commerce agencies 
responsible for trade promotion and enforcement and economic 
infrastructure development.

                            RELATED AGENCIES


            Office of the United States Trade Representative


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $25,205,000 
for the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) 
for fiscal year 2000. This amount is $1,005,000 above the 
amount appropriated for fiscal year 1999, and $1,296,000 below 
the request.
    The increase the Committee has provided will fund the 
$50,000 requested for Washington-based security projects and 
most of the $1,200,000 base increase requested by USTR to 
maintain its current level of operations. The recommendation 
does not include funding for requested staffing increases, 
additional travel, or translation services. If needed, these 
expenditures are expected to be absorbed. The budget request 
also included $150,000 for security-related projects in Geneva. 
That amount has not been funded, because the Committee has 
learned that those expenses are being paid for by the State 
Department out of fiscal year 1999 emergency overseas security 
funds.
    In fiscal year 1999, USTR received an additional $1,300,000 
through a supplemental appropriation for costs associated with 
the World Trade Organization Ministerial meeting in Seattle in 
November of this year. This amount is not included in the 
comparison between fiscal year 1999 resources and the 
recommendation, since it wasa one-time, single purpose 
supplemental appropriation. The Committee encourages the Trade 
Representative to consult with Congress, industry, and other interested 
parties on a detailed negotiating agenda for the new negotiating round 
that will be initiated at the Ministerial meeting, as she has indicated 
she intends to do. The Committee notes the Trade Representative's 
testimony at this year's hearing that the agenda should include such 
issues as broad reductions in tariffs, the elimination of export 
subsidies and further reductions in trade-distorting domestic supports 
linked to production.
    The Office of the United States Trade Representative is 
responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international 
trade, commodity, and direct investment policy, and leading or 
directing negotiations with other countries on such matters.

                     International Trade Commission


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $44,495,000 
for the International Trade Commission for fiscal year 2000, 
the same level as in the current fiscal year, and $2,705,000 
below the budget request.
    The Committee notes that in fiscal year 2000 the Commission 
will have at least $1,500,000 in carryover from fiscal year 
1999. In addition, the Committee is aware that the Commission 
is currently operating below projected staffing levels and the 
anticipated large workload increase associated with the five-
year sunset reviews on antidumping and countervailing duties 
has yet to manifest itself. The ITC Inspector General's March 
semiannual report stated that between October 11, 1998 and 
March 13, 1999, only four workyears were charged to sunset 
reviews, and that the actual workyears for fiscal year 1999 
will be significantly less than the 22 workyears included by 
the Commission in its budget request and approved by Congress.
    As a result, the Committee believes that the level of 
funding recommended, together with carryover, should be 
sufficient for the Commission to carry out its planned 
activities.
    The International Trade Commission is an independent, 
quasi-judicial agency responsible for conducting trade-related 
investigations; providing the Congress and the President with 
independent, expert technical advice to assist in the 
development and implementation of U.S. international trade 
policy; responding to the Congress and the President on various 
matters affecting international trade; maintaining the 
Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System of 
internationally accepted product nomenclature; providing 
technical assistance to eligible small businesses seeking 
remedies and benefits under the trade laws; and performing 
other specific statutory responsibilities ranging from research 
and analysis to quasi-judicial functions on trade-related 
matters.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


                   International Trade Administration


                     operations and administration

    The Committee recommends $300,236,000 in total resources 
for the programs of the International Trade Administration 
(ITA) for fiscal year 2000, $8,195,000 below the amount 
requested. Of this amount, $295,236,000 is derived from direct 
appropriations, $2,000,000 from estimated carryover, and 
$3,000,000 from new fee collections, which is $1,400,000 above 
the fees instituted in fiscal year 1999.
    The fiscal year 2000 budget request for ITA is peculiar. 
The request for $308,431,000, which is an increase of 
$20,767,000, makes no allowance for adjustments to base, which 
total $15,787,000 in the budget request. In fact, the budget 
request makes base reductions of $3,517,000, for a total of 
$19,304,000 in reductions in ITA's operations. Instead, the 
budget request takes these funds and proposes a whole series of 
program increases, totaling $23,934,000. In the U.S. & Foreign 
Commercial Service, for instance, this would have the strange 
result of having the Service shut down a series of offices, in 
order to open the new offices proposed in the budget.
    The Committee's recommendation takes the opposite approach, 
which is to preserve worthwhile ongoing programs before 
embarking on new programs. The recommendation provides funding 
to restore most of the base for the operating units of ITA, and 
does not provide funding for program increases or other 
increases not associated with continuing ongoing operations.
    The following table reflects the distribution of the 
Committee recommendation by subactivity:

                                             [Dollars in thousands]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                FY 1999      FY 2000      FY 2000      FY 2000
                                                                Enacted        Base       Request    Recommended
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Trade Development...........................................      $59,280      $50,860      $50,432      $49,609
Market Access & Compliance..................................       17,779       18,882       22,549       18,755
Import Administration.......................................       31,047       33,146       33,154       32,473
US&FCS......................................................;      182,736      188,159      186,198      186,693
Exec. Direction & Admin.....................................       11,915       12,754       16,098       12,706
Offsetting Fee Collections..................................      (1,600)      (1,600)      (3,000)      (3,000)
Estimated Carryover.........................................     (16,493)            0            0      (2,000)
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
      Total, ITA............................................      284,664      302,201      305,431      295,236
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Trade Development.--The recommendation provides a total of 
$49,609,000 for this component, a decrease of $823,000 below 
the request. The Committee has provided the full base funding, 
based on actual carryover into fiscal year 1999, less the 
amount proposed in the budget for redistribution within ITA. 
The recommendation does not include funding for any of the 
requested program increases. The remaining increase is to be 
used to continue the program to assist small businesses to 
improve their international competitiveness funded in fiscal 
year 1999. Further, the Committee has discontinued funding for 
two export promotion programs related to textiles and apparel, 
as requested.
    Market Access Compliance.--The Committee recommends 
$18,755,000 for Market Access Compliance. This funding level 
provides for full base funding, based on actual carryover into 
fiscal year 1999, less the amount proposed in the budget for 
redistribution within ITA. The recommendation does not provide 
for requested program increases.
    Import Administration.--The Committee recommends 
$32,473,000 for the Import Administration, providing full base 
funding, based on actual carryover into fiscal year 1999, less 
the amount proposed in the budget for redistribution within 
ITA. The recommendation does not include any requested program 
increases.
    U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service.--The Committee 
recommends $186,693,000 for the US & FCS, an increase of 
$495,000 above the request and $3,957,000 above the amount 
available in fiscal year 1999. This represents full base 
funding, based on actual carryover into fiscal year 1999, less 
the amount proposed in the budget for redistribution within 
ITA. No requested program increases are provided. Within base 
funding, the Committee has provided $1,000,000 to continue the 
Rural Export Initiative at its current funding level. US & FCS 
should continue and expand its Global Diversity Initiative to 
support minority-owned businesses in underserved areas, 
including inner-city urban areas, empowerment zones and 
enterprise communities, and Indian reservations. This 
initiative should continue to include support for companies 
that are export-ready and hoping to enter into and/or expand 
international operations.
    Executive Direction/Administration.--The Committee 
recommends $12,706,000 for the administrative and policy 
functions of ITA. This represents full base funding, based on 
actual carryover into fiscal year 1999, but does not include 
the increase in funding requested for transfer outside of ITA.
    In addition, language is included in the bill, as carried 
in fiscal year 1999, designating the amounts available for each 
unit within ITA. The Committee reminds ITA that any changes 
from the funding distribution provided in the bill and report, 
including carryover balances, are subject to the standard 
reprogramming procedures set forth in section 605 of this Act. 
In addition, ITA is directed to report to the Committee, not 
later than November 15, 1999, on a spending plan for all ITA 
units, which incorporates any carryover of funds.
    Trade Missions.--Two years ago, the Committee was made 
aware of other Commerce Department agencies initiating and 
sponsoring trade missions. The Committee continues its 
direction provided last year that all trade missions involving 
Department of Commerce agencies must be initiated, coordinated 
and administered through ITA.
    Security Upgrades.--In fiscal year 1997, in response to 
heightened concerns over acts of terrorism, $9,400,000 was 
provided to upgrade the physical security of ITA facilities 
overseas. These funds continue to be obligated slowly. In 
addition, as part of the fiscal year 1999 emergency funding 
provided to the Department of State in the wake of the embassy 
bombings in east Africa, ITA was allocated $8,000,000 in the 
Administration's proposal, which was approved by Congress. As 
far as the Committee understands, ITA has no plans to spend 
approximately $1,500,000 of the combined total, and recommends 
that the balance be returned to State, to help meet identified 
needs.
    Buying Power Maintenance.--The Committee directs ITA to 
report on the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on ITA's 
budget on a quarterly basis, beginning with the last quarter of 
fiscal year 1999. That report should indicate what has been 
done with exchange rate gains, which the Committee presumes are 
being reserved to balance future exchange rate losses.
    Trade Show Revenues.--The Committee directs ITA to submit a 
report by the date of the budget submission on the amount of 
trade show revenues that are collected on an annual basis, how 
those revenues are used, and how they are reflected in the 
budget.

                         Export Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $49,527,000 
for the Operations and Administration appropriation of the 
Bureau of Export Administration (BXA), a decrease of $2,804,000 
below the current level and $10,928,000 below the request. This 
amount, when combined with an additional $1,250,000 in 
carryover and recoveries estimated to be available in fiscal 
year 2000, will provide a total funding level of $50,777,000. 
Of the total amount available, the recommendation provides the 
following:
    Export Administration.--$23,878,000 is provided for export 
administration activities. The recommendation includes 
requested adjustments to base and a program increase of 
$750,000 of the $1,500,000 requested for Chemical Weapons 
Convention implementation, in anticipation of an increase in 
the number of inspections that will be undertaken in fiscal 
year 2000.
    Export Enforcement.--$23,534,000 is provided for export 
enforcement activities, which includes the requested 
adjustments to base and $500,000 of the $1,000,000 requested to 
increase computer export verification, to assure no end-use 
diversion of high performance computers overseas, including 
China.
    Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (CIAO).--The 
recommendation does not include requested funding of $6,386,000 
for the CIAO. This office serves as a policy office for the 
National Security Council coordinator on critical 
infrastructure, and was funded for the first time at the very 
end of the fiscal year 1999 appropriations process at a level 
of $6,000,000. Its stated intention is to establish and 
coordinate Federal policy with respect to protection of our 
Nation's critical infrastructure. However, the Committee is 
concerned that rather than functioning as a coordinating body, 
utilizing the existing and on-going efforts of various Federal 
agencies, it is instead establishing and spending funds on new 
programs that duplicate and in some cases conflict with on-
going programs. The Committee believes that the direction in 
which it is evolving is in contradiction to the stated goals of 
Presidential Decision Directive-63, and therefore does not 
recommend funding to create duplicative programs. Prior to 
considering funding to continue the CIAO, the Committee expects 
the CIAO to re-evaluate and redefine its role and identify to 
the Committee the funding requirements necessary to fulfill its 
policy coordination function.
    The CIAO was established in the wake of Presidential 
Decision Directive 63, which established a number of offices 
throughout the federal government to address critical 
infrastructure issues, without significant input from Congress.
    Management and Policy Coordination.--$3,365,000 is provided 
for Management and Policy Coordination, the amount requested to 
maintain base activities. The recommendation does not include 
requested program increases.
    The Committee notes that the primary responsibility for 
non-proliferation activities lies with the Department of 
Defense, the Department of Energy and the Department of State, 
and believes that BXA should participate in such activities 
using funds provided from those agencies.-
    In addition, language is retained in the bill requiring BXA 
to notify appropriate congressional committees prior to the 
expenditure of funds provided in this Act for the processing of 
licenses for the export of satellites of United States origin 
to the People's Republic of China.

                  Economic Development Administration

    The accompanying bill provides a total of $388,379,000 for 
the programs and administrative expenses of the Economic 
Development Administration (EDA) for fiscal year 2000, as 
described below:

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    A total of $364,379,000 is recommended for fiscal year 2000 
for Economic Development Assistance Programs, the same as the 
amount requested, and a decrease of $4,000,000 below the 
current level.
    The recommendation reflects the Committee's continued 
support for the traditional programs of the Economic 
Development Administration which provide needed assistance to 
communities struggling with long-term economic dislocation, as 
well as sudden and severe economic dislocation. The Committee 
does not recommend increasing funding for sudden and severe 
dislocation or for technical assistance and planning at the 
expense of reducing funding for communities struggling with 
long-term dislocation, as was requested in the budget. Instead, 
the Committee has retained the funding structure enacted in 
previous years to support all communities facing economic 
hardship.
    Of the amounts provided, $205,850,000 is for Public Works 
and Economic Development, $34,629,000 is for Economic 
Adjustment Assistance, $80,800,000 is for Defense Conversion, 
$24,000,000 is for planning, $9,100,000 is for technical 
assistance, including university centers, $9,500,000 is for 
trade adjustment assistance, and $500,000 is for research. The 
Committee expects EDA to continue its efforts to assist 
communities impacted by economic dislocations related to coal 
industry downswings and timber industry downturns due to 
environmental concerns at no less than the current level of 
effort.
    The Committee notes that EDA was reauthorized last year 
(Public Law 105-393) through fiscal year 2003. That 
authorization locks into place the work that this Committee, 
the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, and EDA have 
done to reform EDA programs to ensure that funds provided under 
this account be targeted to the most severely distressed areas, 
which, absent the assistance provided by the EDA, would have 
little to no access to resources for critical infrastructure 
development and capacity building. This puts the program on 
firm ground to carry out its purpose to provide the ``seed 
capital'' to distressed areas to allow local communities to 
increase their ability to create new economic opportunities and 
jobs in accordance with local priorities.
    The Committee continues its directive for EDA to 
discontinue the use of single purpose grant loans.
    Language is deleted from the bill, as requested, providing 
the Secretary of Commerce with the authority to provide 
financial assistance to projects located on military bases 
closed or scheduled for closure even prior to the grantee 
having taken title for the property in question, since that 
language was included in the reauthorization bill. Language is 
retained that was proposed for deletion, prohibiting the use of 
funds for attorneys' or consultants' fees in connection with 
securing grants and contracts.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $24,000,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Economic Development Administration. The amount 
provided is $4,971,000 below the request and equal to the level 
provided in fiscal year 1999. The amount is below the current 
operating level of the program, and will require EDA to pursue 
aggressively all opportunities for reimbursement, 
deobligations, and use of non-appropriated resources to be able 
to maintain the current operating level. The Committee expects 
EDA to remain in close contact on efforts to identify 
sufficient resources to maintain that level.
    The Committee has retained language in the bill which 
provides the authority to use this appropriation to monitor 
projects approved under Title I of the Public Works Employment 
Act of 1976, Title II of the Trade Act of 1974, and the 
Community Emergency Drought Relief Act of 1977.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee recommends $27,000,000 for the Minority 
Business Development Agency (MBDA) for fiscal year 2000. This 
amount is $627,000 below the budget request and is equal to the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999.
    The recommendation funds MBDA at the same level as in the 
current fiscal year. The Committee recommendation assumes that 
the Entrepreneurial Technology Apprenticeship Program (ETAP) 
will continue to be supported at its current levels.

                ECONOMIC AND INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE

    The Committee has included under this section of the bill 
the Department of Commerce agencies responsible for the 
nation's basic economic and technical information 
infrastructure, as well as the administrative functions which 
oversee the development of telecommunications and information 
policy.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis


                         salaries and expenses

    The bill provides $48,490,000 for the economic and 
statistical analysis programs of the Department of Commerce, 
including the Bureau of Economic Analysis, for fiscal year 
2000. This amount is the same as in the current fiscal year and 
$6,633,000 less than the budget request.
    The Economic and Statistics Administration (ESA) is 
responsible for the collection, tabulation and publication of a 
wide variety of economic, demographic and social statistics and 
provides support to the Secretary of Commerce and other 
Government officials in interpreting the state of the economy 
and developing economic policy. The Bureau of Economic Analysis 
and Under Secretary for Economic Affairs are funded in this 
account.
    The Committee continues the prohibition on use of funds 
under this appropriation, or under the Bureau of Census 
appropriation accounts, to carry out the Integrated 
Environmental-Economic Accounting or ``Green GDP'' initiative.

                          Bureau of the Census

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,754,720,000 for the 
Bureau of the Census for fiscal year 2000, of which 
$4,476,253,000 is provided as an emergency appropriation. This 
amount is an increase of $3,386,771,000 above the current 
fiscal year level, and $39,978,000 below the request.

                         salaries and expenses

    The bill provides $136,147,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses of the Bureau of the Census for fiscal year 2000, the 
same amount as the current year appropriation, and $20,797,000 
below the request. The Committee continues to believe that the 
Bureau must continue to streamline and prioritize its programs 
funded under this account to ensure that the highest priority 
activities are supported. Further, the Committee expects the 
Bureau to be fully reimbursed for any non-core survey requested 
by any other Federal agency or private organization.
    This appropriation provides for the current statistical 
programs of the Bureau of the Census, which include the 
measurement of the Nation's economy and the demographic 
characteristics of the population. These programs are intended 
to provide a broad base of economic, demographic, and social 
information used for decision making by governments, private 
organizations, and individuals.

                     periodic censuses and programs

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,618,573,000 for all 
periodic censuses and related programs funded under this 
heading in fiscal year 2000, an increase of $3,386,771,000 
above the current fiscal year, and $19,181,000 below the 
request.
    Decennial Census Programs.--The recommendation includes 
$4,476,253,000 for decennial census programs for fiscal year 
2000, an increase of $3,400,417,000 above the current level, 
and $11,292,000 below the request. Funding for the decennial 
census is provided as an emergency appropriation due to the 
unanticipated costs associated with the recent Supreme Court 
decision regarding the conduct of the 2000 Census, and the 
delay in receiving the Administration's estimate of the cost in 
the wake of the decision. The following represents the 
distribution of funds provided for the 2000 Census:

Program Development and Management......................     $20,240,000
Data Content and Products...............................     194,623,000
Field Data Collection and Support Systems...............   3,449,952,000
Address List Development................................      43,663,000
Automated Data Process and Telecommunications Support...     477,379,000
Testing and Evaluation..................................      15,988,000
Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and Pacific Areas...........      71,416,000
Marketing, Communications and Partnerships..............     199,492,000
Census Monitoring Board.................................       3,500,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total, Decennial Census.............................   4,476,253,000

    The recommendation does not adopt the budget proposal to 
transfer funding for the Continuous Measurement program into 
the decennial census program, and instead continues funding for 
this program under Other Periodic Programs. The recommendation 
also continues to fund the Census Monitoring Board under this 
account rather than as a related agency, as requested.
    The Committee notes that the revised budget request for the 
decennial census was not submitted to the Congress until June 
8, 1999, long after the Committee's regular hearing process had 
concluded. However, the Committee has worked to expeditiously 
consider and provide the necessary resources identified by the 
Bureau for the 2000 Census. Nevertheless, the Committee remains 
concerned about the ability of the Bureau to accurately project 
its funding requirements, and provide timely information to the 
Committee regarding its needs, particularly given the 
complexity and the magnitude of the operations and resources 
involved. The Committee notes that the 1990 Census was plagued 
by cost overruns, requiring significant additional supplemental 
funds to be provided to ensure timely completion of the Census. 
The Committee hopes that with appropriate oversight and careful 
management, the 2000 Census will not encounter similar 
difficulties. Therefore, the Committee directs the Bureau to 
provide monthly reports on the obligation of funds against each 
framework. The Committee reminds the Bureau that reallocation 
of resources among the frameworks listed above are subject to 
the requirements of section 605 of this Act.
    The Committee is aware of special concerns regarding 
enumeration of deaf persons in the 2000 Census, and directs the 
Census Bureau to work with local communities to address the 
needs of deaf persons to ensure that they are counted in the 
2000 Census.
    Puerto Rico.--The Committee is aware that in 2000, for the 
first time, the census short form questionnaire for Puerto Rico 
will use the same content as that for the fifty States and the 
District of Columbia, and the content in the long form will 
differ only slightly. Therefore, data products for Puerto Rico 
will be comparable to those for the States. The Committee 
considers this a positive development, and is interested in the 
potential uses for these data, and requests that the Bureau 
report to the Committee and the House Committee on Government 
Reform by September 1, 1999, on the Bureau's plans to use these 
data and on the implications of incorporating these data in 
national summary data products.
    In addition, the Committee understands that not all 
Americans living overseas are included in the plans for the 
2000 Census. The Committee believes the Bureau should work with 
the Department of State and other relevant agencies to develop 
a mechanism to begin counting Americans living abroad at the 
earliest possible time, and report its plans back to the 
Committee.
    Other Periodic Programs.--In addition, the Committee 
recommends $142,320,000 for other periodic censuses and 
programs, a decrease of $13,646,000 below the amount provided 
in fiscal year 1999, and $7,889,000 below the request. The 
following table represents the distribution of funds provided 
for other non-decennial periodic censuses and related programs:

Economic Censuses.......................................     $46,444,000
Census of Governments...................................       3,735,000
Intercensal Demographic Estimates.......................       5,260,000
Continuous Measurement..................................      20,000,000
Demographic Survey Sample Redesign......................       4,478,000
Electronic Information Collection (CASIC)...............       6,000,000
Geographic Support......................................      33,406,000
Data Processing Systems.................................      22,997,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total...............................................     142,320,000

    This appropriation account provides for decennial and 
quinquennial censuses, and other programs which are cyclical in 
nature. Additionally, individual surveys are conducted for 
other Federal agencies on a reimbursable basis.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $41,940,000 for the 
National Telecommunications and Information Administration 
(NTIA) for fiscal year 2000. This amount is $329,429,000 below 
the budget request, including the request for advance 
appropriations, and $30,429,000 below the request, excluding 
advance appropriations, and a decrease of $8,000,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999.

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $10,940,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses appropriation of the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration (NTIA), the same as the current 
year, and $6,272,000 below the budget request. The Committee 
recommendation assumes an additional $20,844,000 will be 
available to the NTIA through reimbursements from other 
agencies for the costs of providing spectrum management, 
analysis and research services to those agencies, reflecting 
implementation of a policy of 80% reimbursement for such 
services beginning in fiscal year 1999. The recommendation does 
not include increases requested in the budget for a critical 
infrastructure program, and assumes that funding for that 
function can be absorbed within the existing appropriation, as 
it was in fiscal year 1999.

    public telecommunications facilities, planning and construction

    The Committee recommends $18,000,000 for planning and 
construction grants for public television, radio, and non-
broadcast facilities, a decrease of $3,000,000 below the amount 
provided in fiscal year 1999, and $17,055,000 below the budget 
request. This amount will allow the continuation of the 
existing equipment and facilities replacementprogram, at a 
reduced level. The recommendation does not include advance 
appropriations of $299,000,000 for the fiscal years 2001-2003, which 
was proposed in the budget to establish a multi-year program to fund 
the public broadcasting system's transition to digital broadcasting, as 
the Committee has no way of knowing whether sufficient funding will be 
available in future years to cover appropriations made in advance this 
year.
    The Committee does not include bill language, proposed in 
the budget, to change the purpose of this program to a digital 
conversion program. Language has been included in the bill, 
carried in previous years, which: (1) provides authority to use 
a portion of funds under this heading for program 
administration as authorized by law; and (2) permits prior year 
unobligated balances to be available for grants for projects 
for which applications have been submitted and approved during 
any fiscal year. Language is not included in the bill, as 
requested, relating to authority to provide a grant to 
PEACESAT.

                   INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE GRANTS

    The Committee recommends $13,000,000 for the Information 
Infrastructure Grant program under NTIA for demonstrations of 
new telecommunications technology applications. The 
recommendation is $5,000,000 below the current year funding 
level, and $7,102,000 below the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation reflects the fact that the 
universal service requirements of the Telecommunications Act of 
1996 (Public Law 104-104) will provide significant new 
opportunities for bringing the information superhighway to 
schools and libraries, which were not previously envisioned 
when this program was created. It is the Committee's 
expectation that this action will reduce the burden on the NII 
program. The Committee expects NTIA to give particular 
consideration to applications which would lead to increased 
telecommunications access in areas where such service is not 
readily available, and for those activities for which 
assistance is not available through other mechanisms. The 
Committee notes some overlap between this program and 
technology programs under the Department of Justice, Community 
Oriented Policing Services, with respect to grants for public 
safety.
    The Committee has retained bill language making funds 
provided under this heading available for program 
administration and related program support activities at the 
fiscal year 1999 level. The bill also includes language carried 
in previous appropriations Acts which will allow up to five 
percent of this appropriation to be available for 
telecommunications research activities directly related to the 
development of a national information infrastructure (NII).

                      Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The bill provides a total funding level of $851,538,000 for 
the Patent and Trademark Office in fiscal year 2000, which is 
$66,012,000 above the current year level, and $70,212,000 below 
the request. The request included $20,000,000 to be derived 
from a new fee to cover the cost of post-retirement health and 
life insurance of PTO employees, which has not been approved in 
the pending PTO reauthorization legislation (H.R. 1225) and is 
not included in this bill.
    Of the amount recommended in the bill, $735,538,000 is to 
be derived from offsetting fees collected in fiscal year 2000, 
and $116,000,000 is to be derived from carryover of fees 
collected in fiscal year 1999.
    Language is included in the bill limiting the amount of 
carryover that may be obligated in FY 2000 to $116,000,000. 
This is to conform to the pending authorization legislation, 
which authorizes $116,000,000 from carryover for use in fiscal 
year 2000.
    The total funding level recommended in the bill will permit 
PTO to fully fund its base of $817,101,000 and to fund 
$34,437,000 in program increases to meet increased workload and 
to continue automation efforts.
    Within the amounts available to the PTO in fiscal year 
2000, the Committee expects that not less than $3,600,000 will 
be provided to expand PTO's relationship with the National 
Inventor's Hall of Fame and Inventure Place.
    The Patent and Trademark Office is charged with 
administering the patent and trademark laws of the United 
States. PTO examines patent applications, grants patent 
protection for qualified inventions, and disseminates 
technological information disclosed in patents. PTO also 
examines trademark applications and provides Federal 
registration to owners of qualified trademarks.

                         SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee has included under this section of Title II 
the Department of Commerce agencies responsible for scientific 
and technological research and programs.

                       Technology Administration


       OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY/OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY POLICY

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $7,972,000 for the Technology 
Administration's Office of the Under Secretary/Office of 
Technology Policy. This amount is a reduction of $1,000,000 
from the budget request, and $1,523,000 below the amount 
appropriated for the current fiscal year.
    The Committee recommendation accepts the budget request to 
delay another round of grants for the Experimental Program to 
Stimulate Competitive Technology (EPSCoT) program and instead 
to undertake a program evaluation. The recommendation does not 
include $1,000,000 for program increases out of savings 
resulting from the delay in EPSCoT grants. The recommended 
amount funds the remaining base program of the Office.
    The Committee continues the direction included in the 
fiscal years 1998 and 1999 Acts regarding the use of Technology 
Administration and Department of Commerce resources to support 
foreign policy initiatives and programs.
    The bill does not include proposed language making a 
portion of the funding under this account available until 
expended.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

    The Committee recommends a total of $436,686,000 for the 
appropriations accounts under the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology (NIST) for fiscal year 2000. The 
recommendation is $300,270,000 below the budget request, and a 
decrease of $210,464,000 below the amount appropriated for 
fiscal year 1999. A description of each account and the 
Committee recommendation follows:

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

    The Committee has provided $280,136,000 for the Scientific 
and Technical Research and Services (core programs) 
appropriation of the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology. This amount is the same as in fiscal year 1999 and 
$9,486,000 below the budget request.
    The Committee notes that, in an era of declining budgets, 
the core programs of NIST have enjoyed significant support, 
receiving continued program increases. Overall funding for 
these programs has grown from $240 million in fiscal year 1995 
to $280 million in fiscal year 1999. The Committee understands 
the importance of the research done by this agency, and is 
recommending the same level of funding in fiscal year 2000 as 
in fiscal year 1999 because of the overall funding constraints 
with which it is faced.
    The following is a breakdown of the amounts provided under 
this account by activity.

                         [Amounts in thousands]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          FY99       FY00        FY00
                                        Enacted    Request   Recommended
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Electronics and Electrical               $38,427    $39,115     $38,427
 Engineering.........................
Manufacturing Engineering............     19,368     19,751      19,368
Chemical Science and Technology......     32,493     33,898      32,493
Physics..............................     28,434     28,961      28,434
Material Sciences and Engineering....     51,335     52,685      51,335
Building and Fire Research...........     14,898     13,764      14,898
Computer Science and Applied              43,943     47,762      43,943
 Mathematics.........................
Technology Assistance................     17,131     18,314      17,131
Baldrige Quality Awards..............      4,870      5,046       4,870
Research Support.....................     29,237     30,326      29,237
                                      ----------------------------------
      Total, STRS....................    280,136    289,622     280,136
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The recommendation provides funding for all activities at 
the fiscal year 1999 level. This includes the current year 
level of funding to continue the disaster research program on 
effects of windstorms. No program increases have been funded. 
Further, the Committee continues the directive included in 
previous years regarding the placement of additional NIST 
personnel or support for foreign service nationals overseas.

                     INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    The Committee recommends $99,836,000 for the Industrial 
Technology Services appropriation of the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology. This amount is $210,464,000 below the 
current year appropriation, and $238,700,000 below the budget 
request.
    Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: The Committee 
has included $99,836,000 for the Manufacturing Extension 
Partnership (MEP) Program, the full amount requested. This is 
the full amount necessary for continuation of all existing 
centers, which will all have reached at least their fifth year 
of operation in fiscal year 2000 and are operating at a one-
third federal match, and for program administration.
    In addition, the Committee recommends bill language, 
similar to previous years, regarding funding after the sixth 
year of a Center's operation.
    Advanced Technology Program: The Committee recommends no 
funding for the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) in fiscal 
year 2000. In fiscal year 1999, $203,500,000 was provided, 
offset by a $6,000,000 rescission of prior year balances. The 
budget included a request of $238,700,000 for fiscal year 2000.
    The advocates for the ATP program have always had to answer 
a number of fundamental questions, such as whether the program 
achieved results that could not be achieved through the private 
marketplace; whether it funded technology development and 
commercialization that would not be undertaken but for the 
existence of the program; and whether the federal government 
should play a role in picking technologies to be developed and 
then funding that development at substantial government 
expense, for example.
    After many years in existence, the program has not produced 
a body of evidence to overcome those fundamental questions 
about whether the program should exist in the first place. 
Given the tremendous financial constraints under which the 
Committee is operating, the question becomes whether it is 
worthwhile to continue to fund a program of questionable value, 
particularly one that costs over $200,000,000 a year.
    With many other priorities facing the Committee, and 
funding extremely limited, the Committee concludes that funding 
would be better spent on other higher priority programs and 
recommends that the ATP program be terminated.-

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $56,714,000 for 
construction, renovation, and maintenance of NIST facilities, 
the same as provided in fiscal year 1999, and $50,084,000 under 
the budget request.
    The budget request included $95,000,000 to allow 
construction of the Advanced Measurement Laboratory to start in 
fiscal year 2000. The Committee recommendation assumes that 
construction will start in fiscal year 2001, and provides 
$44,916,000 toward the construction of the AML.
    The budget request assumed that $10,000,000 already 
appropriated for the AML would be reprogrammed for 
rehabilitation projects at other NIST facilities. If that 
amount is retained for the construction of the AML, 
approximately $40,000,000 will be required to move to 
construction in fiscal year 2001.
    Both the budget request and the recommendation include 
$11,798,000 for safety, capacity, maintenance, and major repair 
projects at other NIST facilities in fiscal year 2000.
    Bill language requiring submission of a financial plan is 
retained.
    This account supports all NIST activities by providing the 
facilities necessary to carry out the NIST mission. The 
Institute has proposed a multiyear effort to construct advanced 
technology laboratories and to renovate NIST's current 
buildings and laboratory facilities in compliance with more 
stringent science and engineering program requirements.

         National Technical Information Service Revolving Fund

    The Committee does not recommend an appropriation of 
$2,000,000 for the National Technical Information Service 
(NTIS) Revolving Fund, as requested in the budget. NTIS has 
been a self-supporting element of the Department's budget, but 
is experiencing financial difficulties. Revenues from 
dissemination of information products are falling short of the 
costs of operating the Service. The Department is in the midst 
of devising a plan for the future of NTIS. In the absence of a 
plan, the Committee is not in a position to recommend funding. 
The Department is expected to consult with the Committee on 
developments concerning NTIS.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,959,838,000 in new 
budget (obligational) authority for the seven appropriation 
items of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
(NOAA) and transfers totaling $67,226,000. This amount is a 
decrease of $5,910,396,000 below the budget request for these 
items, which included advance appropriations through the year 
2018, and a decrease of $208,043,000 below the regular amounts 
appropriated under these accounts for fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding to address 
NOAA's highest priority, which is to maintain the operations of 
the National Weather Service, for which $599,196,000, a 7 
percent increase, is provided, and to maintain other NOAA 
operations, generally at the fiscal year 1999 level, with 
reductions for lower priority projects. Funding is not included 
for a series of new initiatives proposed in the budget, because 
the Committee does not have the resources under its allocation 
to address major new funding initiatives. In addition, there 
are serious authorization issues with a number of the 
proposals.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)

    The bill includes $1,477,738,000 in new budget 
(obligational) authority for the coastal, fisheries, marine, 
weather, environmental, satellite, and other programs funded in 
this appropriation. This amount is a reduction of $103,986,000 
below the fiscal year 1999 funding level, and $231,173,000 
below the budget request for direct appropriations under this 
account.
    In addition to the new budget authority provided for the 
NOAA ORF account, the Committee recommends a transfer of 
$67,226,000 from balances in the account entitled ``Promote and 
Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining to American 
Fisheries.'' This amount is $2,300,000 greater than the budget 
request, and will support a $2,695,000 Saltonstall-Kennedy 
grant program, in addition to any carryover realized in the 
Fund from fiscal year 1999. The total amount provided also 
includes prior year deobligations and carryover funding 
totaling $36,000,000, which is an increase of $3,000,000 over 
the amount proposed and is from additional deobligations that 
were proposed in a NOAA reprogramming in April that is no 
longer required in fiscal year 1999, and $2,652,000 in 
unobligated balances which are from 1998 GOES carryover that 
was proposed to be used in the same reprogramming. Also, the 
budget request included a proposal, to be submitted at a later 
point, to enact legislation to institute new fees for 
navigation services and fisheries management and enforcement 
services, which is anticipated to raise $34,000,000 in user fee 
revenue. This is the third and fourth time, respectively, that 
these fees have been proposed. The recommendation does not in 
any way propose to enact those fees, but assumes $34,000,000 in 
revenues from those fees, since that was the assumption of the 
budget request. The bill also includes language allowing NOAA 
to retain gifts and contributions made under the Marine 
Sanctuary Program. The Committee expects NOAA to fully utilize 
the authorities provided for this program.
    The budget request contained two changes from previous 
years. Funding for NOAA Commissioned Corps retirement costs and 
funding from the Damage Assessment and Restoration Revolving 
Fund have previously been considered discretionary spending. In 
the fiscal year 2000 budget both items are classified as 
mandatory spending, and are not included within the fiscal year 
2000 totals.
    Language is also included in the bill specifying the total 
amount of direct obligations available for each of the six NOAA 
line offices and other related activities funded through this 
account. The Committee has taken this action to provide greater 
clarity and accountability in budgeting and management for the 
diverse activities funded in this account. In addition, the 
bill also retains language from the fiscal year 1999 Act 
regarding the practice of assessing NOAA line organizations, 
programs, projects, and activities, to support NOAA and line 
office overhead and programs over and above the amounts 
specifically provided, and regarding the funding and personnel 
in Executive Direction and Administration. In addition, 
language is also included regarding use of deobligations in 
excess of amounts estimated in the budget.
    Further, the Committee expects NOAA to follow the direction 
given in this section of the report as well as the sections 
addressing the Committee's reprogramming requirements.
    NOAA Budgetary and Financial Management.--As in past years, 
the Committee remains frustrated by NOAA's serious budgetary 
and financial management problems which have been highlighted 
by this Committee, the General Accounting Office, the Inspector 
General, and its own independent auditors for the last several 
years. The Committee understands that efforts are now underway, 
for the first time, to try to address these problems, and those 
efforts are encouraged. There is a dire need for the 
development of a revised budget structure that displays the 
amounts requested under a true program office and activity 
structure, which also segregates amounts requested for 
headquarters and field office components of various activities 
and indicates the amounts intended for external grants and 
contracts.
    Therefore, the Committee directs NOAA, through the 
Department of Commerce, to report to the Committee by September 
1, 1999 on a schedule by which it will undertake the following 
actions: (1) submit to the Committee a draft outline for a 
revised budget structure in accordance with the direction given 
in previous Committee reports; and (2) submit to the Committee 
a plan for implementing the independent auditors' 
recommendations regarding the presentation of its financial 
information. In addition, NOAA is directed to submit to the 
Committee, not later than November 1, 1999, an operating plan 
for expenditure of funds available to NOAA in fiscal year 2000 
based on the Committee's distribution shown in the accompanying 
table, and report to the Committee on a quarterly basis the 
status of obligations against the Committee's distribution.
    Peer Review.--While all NOAA external research is currently 
peer reviewed, the Committee encourages NOAA to take steps to 
ensure that all NOAA research, regardless of who performs it, 
is subject to outside peer review.
    NOAA Corps.--On January 25, 1996, in response to the Vice-
President's reinventing government initiative, the 
Administrator of NOAA announced the elimination of the NOAA 
Commissioned Corps by October 1, 1999. Despite this policy, the 
Administration failed to transmit to the Congress in a timely 
fashion the necessary legislation to implement the 
Administration's stated policy. Such delay contributed to 
uncertainty and hardship on Corps officers, and resulted in an 
imbalance in the complement of Corps officers which could 
adversely affect the ability of NOAA to meet its mission 
requirements. On June 17, 1998, the Administration took action 
to resolve this uncertainty, by announcing a series of 
management changes to reorient the NOAA Corps to its critical 
mission, in lieu of complete dismantlement. The Corps is now 
recruiting new officers for the first time in several years, 
and the number of active duty Corps officers is expected to 
increase from 225 in July of 1999 to 245 by September 30, 2000. 
Language is included in the bill to reflect these current 
projections.
    The following table compares the Committee recommendation 
to the 1999 enacted appropriation and the fiscal year 2000 
budget request for the activities, sub-activities, and projects 
funded in this appropriation.

  NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION OPERATIONS, RESEARCH,
                    AND FACILITIES, FISCAL YEAR 2000
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Fiscal years
                               -----------------------------------------
                                1999 enacted  2000 request   2000 House
------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE

Navigation Services:
    Mapping and Charting......       34,260        33,335        32,100
    Address Survey Backlog....       14,000        14,900        14,000
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       48,260        48,235        46,100
    Geodesy...................       19,659        19,849        19,659
    Tide and Current Data.....       12,000        14,883        12,000
    Acquisition of Data.......       14,546        17,726        14,546
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Navigation              94,465       100,693        92,305
       Services...............
                               =========================================
Ocean Resources Conservation
 and Assessment:
    Ocean Assessment Program..       42,611        46,281        26,861
        GLERL.................  ............        6,085   ............
        Transfer from Damage          5,683   ............  ............
         Assessment Fund......
        Response and                  8,774        19,884         8,774
         Restoration..........
        Oceanic and Coastal           7,410         7,970         5,410
         Research.............
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal--Estuarine        64,478        80,220        41,045
           and Coastal
           Assessment.........
    Coastal Ocean Program.....       18,400        19,430        18,200
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Ocean Resources         82,878        99,650        59,245
       Conservation and
       Assessment.............
                               =========================================
    Ocean and Coastal
     Management...............
    Coastal Management:
        CZM Grants............       53,700        55,700        53,700
        CZM 310 Grants........  ............       28,000   ............
        Estuarine Research            4,300         7,000         5,650
         Reserve System.......
        Nonpoint Pollution            4,000         6,000         4,000
         Control..............
        Program Administration        4,500         5,500         4,500
          Subtotal, Coastal          66,500       102,200        67,850
           Management.........
        Marine Sanctuary             14,350        26,000        16,500
         Program..............
                               -----------------------------------------
          Total, Ocean and           80,850       128,200        84,350
           Coastal Management.
                               =========================================
          Total, NOS..........      258,193       328,543       235,900
                               =========================================

NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES
 SERVICE

Information Collection and
 Analysis:
    Resource Information......      106,675        96,918        98,100
        Antarctic Research....        1,200         1,200         1,200
        Chesapeake Bay Studies        1,890         1,500         1,890
        Right Whale Research..          350           200           350
        MARFIN................        3,000         3,000         2,500
        SEAMAP................        1,200         1,200         1,200
        Alaskan Groundfish              900           661           661
         Surveys..............
        Bering Sea Pollock              945           945           945
         Research.............
        West Coast Groundfish.          800           780           780
        New England Stock             1,000         1,000         1,000
         Depletion............
        Hawaii Stock                    500   ............  ............
         Management Plan......
        Yukon River Chinook             700           700   ............
         Salmon...............
        Atlantic Salmon                 710           710           710
         Research.............
        Gulf of Maine                   567           567           567
         Groundfish Survey....
        Dolphin/Yellowfin Tuna          250           250           250
         Research.............
        Pacific Salmon Treaty         7,444         5,587         5,587
         Program..............
        Hawaiian Monk Seals...          700           500           500
        Steller Sea Lion              2,520         1,440         1,440
         Recovery Plan........
        Hawaiian Sea Turtles..          275           248           248
        Bluefish/Striped Bass.        1,000   ............        1,000
        Halibut/Sablefish.....        1,200         1,200         1,200
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal............      133,826       118,606       120,128
                               =========================================
    Fishery Industry
     Information:
        Fish Statistics.......       13,000        14,257        13,000
        Alaska Groundfish             5,500         5,200         5,200
         Monitoring...........
        PACFIN/Catch Effort           4,700         3,000         4,700
         Data.................
        Recreational Fishery          3,900         3,100         3,100
         Harvest Monitoring...
        GULFFIN Data                  3,000   ............        3,000
         Collection Effort....
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal............       30,100        25,557        29,000
                               =========================================
    Information Analyses and         20,900        21,342        20,400
     Dissemination............
        Computer Hardware and         4,000         4,000           750
         Software.............
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal............       24,900        25,342        21,150
    Acquisition of Data.......       25,098        25,488        25,098
                               =========================================
      Total, Information,           213,924       194,993       195,376
       Collection, and
       Analyses...............
                               =========================================
Conservation and Management
 Operations:
    Fisheries Management             29,900        32,687        29,770
     Programs.................
        Columbia River               13,600        11,400        11,400
         Hatcheries...........
        Columbia River                  288           288           288
         Endangered Species...
        Regional Councils.....       13,000        13,300        12,800
        International                   400           400           400
         Fisheries Commissions
        Management of George's          478           478           478
         Bank.................
        Pacific Tuna                  2,300         1,250         1,250
         Management...........
        Fisheries Habitat       ............       22,700   ............
         Restoration..........
        NE Fisheries                  1,880         5,180         1,880
         Management...........
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Fisheries        61,846        87,683        58,266
           Mgmt Programs......
    Protected Species                 6,200         9,406         6,200
     Management...............
        Driftnet Act                  3,378         3,278         3,278
         Implementation.......
        Marine Mammal                 7,583         7,225         7,225
         Protection Act.......
        Endangered Species Act       28,000        55,450        25,750
         Recovery Plan........
        Dolphin Encirclement..        3,300         3,300         3,300
        Native Marine Mammals.          750           700           200
        Observers/Training....        2,650         4,225         2,225
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal............       51,861        83,584        48,178
                               =========================================
    Habitat Conservation......        9,000        10,858         9,000
    Enforcement & Surveillance       17,775        19,121        17,775
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Conservation,          140,482       201,246       133,219
       Management & Operations
                               =========================================
State and Industry Assistance
 Programs:
    Interjurisdictional               2,600         2,600         2,600
     Fisheries Grants.........
    Anadromous Grants.........        2,100         2,100         2,100
    Interstate Fish                   7,750         4,000         7,750
     Commissions..............
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       12,450         8,700        12,450
                               =========================================
Fisheries Development Program:
    Product Quality and Safety/       9,824         8,328         9,500
     Seafood Inspection.......
    Hawaiian Fisheries                  750   ............  ............
     Development..............
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       10,574         8,328         9,500
                               =========================================
      Total, State and               23,024        17,028        21,950
       Industry Programs......
                               =========================================
      Total, NMFS.............      377,430       413,267       350,545
                               =========================================
OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC
 RESEARCH

Climate and Air Quality
 Research:
    Interannual & Seasonal....       14,900        16,900        12,900
    Climate & Global Change          63,000        69,700        63,000
     Research.................
    GLOBE.....................        2,500         5,000   ............
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       80,400        91,600        75,900
                               =========================================
    Long-term Climate & Air          30,000        34,600        30,000
     Quality Research.........
        Information Technology       12,000        13,500        12,000
                               -----------------------------------------
          Subtotal............       42,000        48,100        42,000
                               =========================================
          Total, Climate and        122,400       139,700       117,900
           Air Quality
           Research...........
                               =========================================
Atmospheric Programs:
    Weather Research..........       36,100        36,600        34,600
    Wind Profiler.............        4,350         4,350         4,350
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       40,450        40,950        38,950
                               =========================================
    Solar/Geomagnetic Research        6,000         6,100         6,000
                               =========================================
      Total, Atmospheric             46,450        47,050        44,950
       Programs...............
                               =========================================
Ocean and Great Lakes Program:
    Marine Prediction Research       26,801        22,300        19,501
    GLERL.....................        6,825   ............        6,825
    Sea Grant Program.........       57,500        51,500        58,500
    National Undersea Research       14,550         9,000   ............
     Program..................
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Ocean and Great        105,676        82,800        84,826
       Lakes Programs.........
                               =========================================
    Acquisition of Data.......       12,884        13,020        12,884
                               =========================================
      Total, OAR..............      287,410       282,570       260,560
                               =========================================

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

Operations and Research:
    Local Warnings and              357,034       450,411       441,693
     Forecast.................
    MARDI.....................       64,036   ............  ............
    Radiosonde Replacement....        2,000   ............        2,000
    Susquehanna River Basin           1,250           619         1,250
     flood system.............
    Aviation forecasts........       35,596        35,596        35,596
    Advanced Hydrological       ............        2,200         1,000
     Prediction System........
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................      459.916       488,826       481,539
                               =========================================
    Central Forecast Guidance.       35,574        37,081        37,081
    Atmospheric and                   2,964         3,090         2,964
     Hydrological Research....
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Operations and         498,454       528,997       521,584
       Research...............
                               =========================================
    Public Warnings and
     Forecast Systems:........
        NEXRAD................       38,346        39,325        38,346
        ASOS..................        7,116         7,573         7,116
        AWIPS/NOAA Port.......       12,189        38,002        32,150
        Computer Facilities           4,600   ............  ............
         Upgrades.............
                               -----------------------------------------
          Total, Systems             62,251        84,900        77,612
           Acquisition........
                               =========================================
          Total, NWS..........      560,705       613,897       599,196
                               =========================================

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL
 STATELLITE, DATA AND
 INFORMATION SERVICE

Satellite Observing Systems:
    Ocean Remote Sensing......        4,000         4,000   ............
    Environmental Observing          53,300        53,236        50,800
     Systems..................
    GDIN......................  ............        2,000   ............
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Satellite               57,300        59,236        50,800
       Observing Systems......
                               =========================================
Environmental Data Management        33,550        31,521        35,021
 Systems......................
    Data and Information             16,335        12,335        12,335
     Services.................
    Regional Climate Centers..        2,750   ............        2,500
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, EDMS.............       52,635        43,856        49,856
                               =========================================
      Total, NESDIS...........      109,935       103,092       100,656
                               =========================================

PROGRAM SUPPORT

Administration and Services:
    Executive Direction and          19,200        19,573        19,200
     Administration...........
    Systems Acquisition Office          700           712           700
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       19,900        20,285        19,900
                               =========================================
Central Administrative Support       31,850        41,583        31,850
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal................       31,850        42,583        31,850
Retired pay Commissioned              7,000   ............  ............
 Officers.....................
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Administration          58,750        62,868        51,750
       and Services...........
                               =========================================
Aircraft Services.............       10,500        11,019        10,500
Rent Savings..................  ............       (4,656)       (4,656)
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Program Support..       69,250        69,231        57,594
                               =========================================
Fleet Planning and Maintenance       11,600         9,243         7,000

FACILITIES

NOAA Facilities Maintenance...        1,650         1,818         1,800
NCEP/NORMAN Space Planning....          150   ............  ............
Sandy Hook Lease..............        2,000   ............  ............
Environmental Compliance......        2,000         3,899         2,000
WFO Maintenance...............        3,000         4,000         3,000
NMFS Facilities Management....  ............        3,800   ............
Columbia River Facilities.....        4,465         3,365         3,365
Boulder Facilities Operations.  ............        3,850   ............
NARA Records Mgmt.............  ............          262   ............
                               -----------------------------------------
      Total, Facilities.......       13,265        20,994        10,165
                               =========================================
Direct Obligations............    1,687,788     1,840,837     1,621,616
Reimbursable Obligations......      195,767       195,767       195,767
Offsetting Collections (data          3,600         3,600         3,600
 sales).......................
Offsetting Collections (fish          4,000         4,000         4,000
 fees/IF0 CD0)................
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Reimbursables.      203,367       203,367       203,367
                               =========================================
      Total, Obligations......    1,891,155     2,044,204     1,824,983
                               =========================================

FINANCING

Deobligations.................      (33,000)      (33,000)      (36,000)
Unobligated Balance                    (969)  ............       (2,652)
 transferred, net.............
Coastal Zone Management Fund..       (4,000)  ............       (4,000)
Offsetting Collections (data         (3,600)       (3,600)       (3,600)
 sales).......................
Offsetting Collections (fish    ............       (4,000)       (4,000)
 fees/IF, CD).................
Anticipated Offsetting               (4,000)      (20,000)      (20,000)
 Collections (fish fees)......
Anticipated Offsetting          ............      (14,000)      (14,000)
 Collections (navigation fees)
Federal Funds.................     (134,927)     (134,927)     (134,927)
Non-federal Funds.............      (60,840)      (60,840)      (60,840)
                               -----------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Financing.....      241,336)     (270,367)     (280,019)
                               =========================================
      Budget Authority........    1,649,819     1,773,837     1,544,964
                               =========================================

FINANCING FROM

Promote and Develop American        (63,381)      (64,926)      (67,226)
 Fisheries....................
Damage Assess, & Restor.             (4,714)  ............  ............
 Revolving Fund...............
Coastal Zone Management Fund..  ............       (4,000)  ............
                               =========================================
      Subtotal, ORF...........    1,581,724     1,704,911     1,477,738
                               =========================================
By transfer from Coastal Zone   ............        4,000   ............
 Management Fund..............
      Total, ORF..............    1,581,724     1,708,911     1,477,738
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE

    The Committee has included a total of $235,900,000 for 
activities of the National Ocean Service (NOS) for fiscal year 
2000, instead of $258,193,000 provided for fiscal year 1999 and 
$328,543,000 as requested.
    Navigation Programs.--The Committee has included 
$92,305,000 for NOAA's navigation safety programs. This amount 
is $2,160,000 below the current fiscal year, and $8,388,000 
below the request for these activities and programs.
    The recommendation includes $46,100,000 for mapping and 
charting activities, which is a freeze at last year's level, 
except for the deletion of funding for a special project. The 
recommendation is $2,135,000 below the request and $2,160,000 
below the amounts provided in fiscal year 1999. In addition, 
$14,546,000 is provided under Acquisition of Data line, of 
which $12,300,000 is to support these activities. When compared 
with the $14,000,000 provided in the recommendation to address 
the hydrographic survey backlog, the recommendation is 
consistent with the position that the Committee has supported 
that at least 50 percent of the hydrographic surveying should 
be contracted out.
    The Committee has included $19,659,000 for NOAA's geodesy 
programs, the same as in fiscal year 1999, and $200,000 below 
the request. The recommendation includes $500,000 for initial 
planning of the National Height System Demonstration, based on 
the recommendations contained in the National Height 
Modernization Study, in California and North Carolina.
    The Committee has recommended $12,000,000 for this 
activity, the same as in fiscal year 1999, and $2,883,000 below 
the request, to enable NOS to implement and maintain the 
necessary quality controls for real-time tide and current data 
systems.
    Ocean Assessment Program.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $26,861,000 for this line item. The recommendation 
provides the following: $12,600,000 for the base program, the 
same as in fiscal year 1999; $900,000 for South Florida 
Ecosystems; $5,000,000 for the NOAA Coastal Services Center; 
$3,925,000 for general pfisteria/harmful algal bloom research 
and monitoring, an increase of $500,000 over fiscal year 1999; 
$2,000,000 to continue outreach and education on coastal and 
ocean environments under the JASON project; and $2,436,000 for 
the NOAA Beaufort/Oxford Laboratory. Within the amount for 
pfisteria/harmful algal bloom research and monitoring, the 
Committee urges NOS to pay special attention to the needs of 
the Quileute Tribe.
    The Committee supports the further consolidation of ocean 
and coastal research and assessment programs into a single line 
organization as such action would ensure greater coordination 
and cooperation and guard against duplication of efforts. 
However, the Committee believes that NOAA's proposal falls 
short of this goal by proposing to move only a portion of 
coastal and ocean-related programs from Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Research (OAR) to NOS. This is further evidenced by the fact 
that the budget request continues to fund similar programs in 
both NOS and OAR. Therefore, the Committee has not recommended 
the transfer of the Great Lakes Environmental Laboratory at 
this time, but would be willing to consider such action in the 
context of a reorganization which fully consolidates all ocean 
and coastal research and monitoring programs into NOS.
    Response and Restoration.--The recommendation provides a 
total of $8,774,000 for Response and Restoration activities, 
the same as in fiscal year 1999, and distributed in the same 
amounts, and $11,100,000 under the request.
    Oceanic and Coastal Research.--The recommendation includes 
$5,410,000 for Oceanic and Coastal Research, $2,000,000 below 
the level provided in fiscal year 1999 and $2,560,000 below the 
request. The amount provided in the recommendation is for the 
Southeast Fisheries Laboratory.
    Coastal Ocean Program.--The recommendation includes 
$18,200,000 for this program, which is $200,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999, and $1,230,000 below the 
request. Within the amount provided, the Committee has included 
$11,700,000 for the base Coastal Ocean program, the same as in 
fiscal year 1999, $5,200,000 for research related to hypoxia, 
pfisteria and other harmful algal blooms, an increase of 
$1,000,000 above fiscal year 1999 and the same as the request, 
and $1,300,000 for South Florida Ecosystems, the same as in 
fiscal year 1999 and the request, with the expectation that 
this program be conducted utilizing the expertise of university 
partners in the area. Further, the Committee expects that 
resources will be committed to carry out NOAA's partnership 
with federal, state, and local agencies to restore habitat in 
Long Island Sound.
    Coastal Management.--The Committee recommendation provides 
a total of $67,850,000 under the National Ocean Service to 
assist coastal states in implementing Clean Water programs. Of 
this amount, $57,700,000 is provided for grants under sections 
306, 306A, 309 and 6217 of the Coastal Zone Management Act 
(CZMA), the same as the current year level. The Administration 
requested an increase of $2,000,000 under sections 306, 306A, 
and 309 to provide an increase under section 309 for non-point 
pollution. However, under current law, grants under section 309 
are limited to a maximum of $10,000,000 out of the amount 
provided for section 306, and $10,000,000 is already being 
allocated under section 309. There is, however, a way to 
allocate an additional $1,500,000 under section 309 for non-
point pollution. The Committee has learned that NOAA is 
assessing an administrative charge on CZMA grants of 
$1,500,000. This is neither appropriate nor contemplated under 
the statute. NOAA is directed not to assess any administrative 
charge, which will provide States with $1,500,000 in additional 
resources under the overall CZM program, and to use these 
additional resources to free up an additional $1,500,000 under 
the 309 program for non-point pollution. In addition, the 
Committee has provided $4,000,000 for the non-point pollution 
program under section 6217 of the CZMA, the same as in fiscal 
year 1999.
    The budget included a request for $28,000,000 for a new 
program under section 310 of the CZMA to address smart growth 
in coastal communities. Leaving aside the fact that the 
authorization of appropriations under the CZMA has expired, 
there is also no separate authorization of appropriations under 
section 310, and a statutory change in the CZMA statute would 
be required to authorize appropriations under that section.
    The recommendation includes $5,650,000 for the National 
Estuarine Research Reserve System, an increase of $1,350,000 
over the fiscal year 1999 level, and $1,350,000 under the 
request.
    Marine Sanctuary Program.--The Committee has included 
$16,000,000 for the National Marine Sanctuary Program, an 
increase of $2,000,000 above fiscal year 1999, and $10,000,000 
below the request.
    In addition, the recommendation includes $500,000 for the 
activities of the Northwest Straits Citizens Advisory 
Commission, an increase of $150,000 over FY 1999. The 
Commission was established to provide an ecosystem focus on the 
marine resources in the area, mobilize science and support 
marine resource committees, and establish a forum for 
coordination and consensus building, in lieu of Federal 
designation of the area as a Marine Sanctuary. The Committee 
believes that such a consensus-based approach is an innovative 
and novel approach to promote marine conservation, the goal of 
the Marine Sanctuary Program.
    Further, the Committee continues to believe that NOAA 
should redouble its efforts to pursue revenue enhancement 
initiatives to explore other voluntary, innovative means to 
identify partners and raise additional resources for the 
sanctuaries. In addition, the bill includes language, carried 
in previous years, allowing the collection of user fees for the 
sanctuaries. The Committee believes that, given these tools, 
and with continued diligence, additional resources could be 
made available to provide support to the sanctuaries program, 
and directs NOAA to report to the Committee not later than 
March 1, 2000, on the progress of its efforts.

                   National Marine Fisheries Service

    The Committee has provided a total of $350,545,000 for the 
programs of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), as 
compared to $377,430,000 provided in fiscal year 1999 and 
$413,267,000 requested.
    The Committee's actions reflect the fact that the key to 
any actions related to the building of sustainable fisheries 
lies in the ability to accurately assess the status of the 
stock. Early assessment enables more accurate and timely 
decisions by managers of the resource to ensure continued 
viability of the resource. Thus the Committee has placed 
highest priority on, and provided increases for, programs and 
activities which ensure that NMFS and its resource management 
partners have access to the necessary information to make 
fishery management decisions.
    Resource Information.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $98,100,000 for this item, which is $8,575,000 below 
the amount provided in fiscal year 1999, and $1,182,000 above 
the request. Of this amount, $88,250,000 is provided for base 
programs for stock assessments and surveys, which is comprised 
of the base level and the base increase provided for west coast 
groundfish research in the fiscal year 1999 conference report. 
The Committee also includes funding of $1,000,000 to continue 
the activities of the Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries 
Development Foundation for data collection and analyses in the 
red snapper and shrimp fisheries, as well as to continue the 
aquatic resources environmental initiative and MarMAP at the 
current level.
    The Committee is concerned that, despite previous direction 
from this Committee and existing fishery management practices, 
the bluefin tuna fishery off the coast of Long Island has been 
shut down during each of the past four seasons due to 
inaccurate collection of the data necessary to determine the 
quota for this fishery. The bluefin tuna fishery is an integral 
part of the commercial and recreational fishing industry in the 
area, and such closure causes significant hardship. Therefore, 
the Committee directs the Secretary of Commerce to report back 
to the Committee, not later than 30 days after enactment of 
this Act, on the Department's efforts to fully solve this 
problem, that has been repeatedly directed to the attention of 
the Commerce Department.
    Migratory Shark Fishery.--The Committee is concerned about 
the apparent disregard to economic impact used in NMFS 
regulations of the large Atlantic highly migratory shark 
fishery. The Federal courts have issued a series of recent 
decisions finding that NMFS failed to adequately determine the 
conservation measure's economic impact and then failed to seek 
to develop less economically burdensome alternatives to such 
measures. Both the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and 
Management Act and the Regulatory Flexibility Act direct that 
economic impact should be a factor in determining allowable 
catch of a specific fishery. The Committee encourages the 
agency to work with the fishing community to prevent similar 
situations in the future, and requests the agency review the 
situation surrounding the Atlantic shark fishery and make 
recommendations to the Committee for both short-term and long-
term solutions within 60 days of House passage of this bill.
    Sea Turtle Protection.--The Committee expects NMFS to 
continue to improve its activities in the area of protecting, 
recovering and improving beach monitoring of the Kemps Ridley 
and other sea-turtles. The committee directs NMFS to provide no 
less than the $350,000 provided in fiscal year 1999 to continue 
those activities.
    Right Whale Research.--The recommendation includes $350,000 
for Right Whale research, $150,000 above the request. This 
increase is intended as an increase to base research, rather 
than as funding for any specific project. In addition, 
$1,126,000 is included under Protected Species Management for 
this activity. NMFS is encouraged to increase funding above 
this amount to respond to the critical situation facing this 
population.
    Atlantic Bluefish/Striped Bass.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $1,000,000 for the program initiated in 
fiscal year 1998 to study the decline of nearshore Atlantic 
bluefish stocks and striped bass population monitoring.
    PACFIN/catch effort data.--The Committee has provided 
$4,700,000 for this activity, the same amount provided in 
fiscal year 1999, and an increase of $1,700,000 above the 
request to continue the AKFIN program.
    RECFIN.--Within the amount provided for the RECFIN program, 
the Committee expects that the programs for the West Coast, 
Atlantic States, and Gulf States shall each receive one-third 
of these funds. Funding for any supplemental region-specific 
projects is to be derived from the overall ``Fish Statistics'' 
line item.
    GulfFIN.--The Committee has provided $3,000,000 to continue 
a data collection and analysis program for fisheries catch and 
stock assessment data in both the commercial and recreational 
areas of the Gulf of Mexico.
    Computer Hardware and Software.--The recommendation 
includes $750,000, a reduction below the $4,000,000 provided in 
fiscal year 1999 and the request. The Committee understands 
that NMFS is using funds to develop its own computer software, 
rather than seeking readily available software. In addition, 
the software that is being developed may not be compatible with 
State data collection programs, which means that States maybe 
required to make changes in their systems to accommodate the federal 
system. The Committee has deferred funding the base program until this 
issue is cleared up, and has included $750,000 for development of catch 
reporting software in conjunction with West Coast states and Alaska 
which will allow electronic reporting of fish ticket information in a 
manner compatible with systems utilized by the various regulatory and 
monitoring agencies.
    Fisheries Management Programs.--The recommendation includes 
$29,770,000 for this activity, $130,000 below fiscal year 1999, 
and $2,917,000 below the request. Within this amount, the 
Committee recommends $500,000 for addressing inter-tidal and 
other restoration activities for blue back herring, striped 
bass, and other species.
    Columbia River Hatcheries.--The budget proposed to move 
facilities funding from the Facilities heading of the NOAA 
budget to NMFS. The recommendation retains funding for 
facilities under the Facilities heading. When combined with the 
amount provided under NMFS, the total recommended for Columbia 
River Hatcheries is $14,765,000, the amount of the budget 
request.
    The State of Oregon is expected to provide adequate 
consultation with Oregon's tribal community on the 
implementation of the mass marking aspects of the hatchery 
program.
    New England Fisheries Management.--The recommendation 
includes $1,880,000 to continue the additional research, 
management and enforcement activities in the Northeast 
multispecies fishery that was funded in the fiscal year 1999 
Emergency Supplemental in response to fishing limit reductions 
in the Gulf of Maine.
    California Sea Lions.--The recommendation includes an 
additional $250,000 to supplement current year funding for the 
investigation and recommended follow-on activities relating to 
the impact of California sea lions and harbor seals on the West 
Coast.
    Interstate Fish Commissions.--The recommendation includes 
$7,750,000 for interstate fish commissions, an increase of 
$3,750,000 above the request, and the same amount provided in 
fiscal year 1999. The Committee directs that $750,000 be 
provided to the three interstate commissions, with the 
remaining funds to be provided for implementation of the 
Atlantic Coastal Fisheries Cooperative Management Act.
    The Committee expects NOAA to include as a priority under 
the Saltonstall-Kennedy grant program, proposals for research 
and education efforts directed at the protection of high-risk 
consumers from naturally occurring bacteria associated with raw 
molluscan shellfish. Specifically, the Committee expects 
continuation of on-going efforts to address concerns associated 
with Vibrio vulnificus.
    Funding is provided within the base for the Sandy Hook 
lease, at the requested level, and for the initial operation of 
the Santa Cruz Fisheries Lab.

                    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

    The Committee has provided a total of $260,560,000 for the 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Programs of NOAA, instead of 
$282,570,000 as requested.
    The Committee recommendations includes the following 
amounts for basic laboratory research and support under Oceanic 
and Atmospheric Research:
    Climate and Air Quality Research and Atmospheric 
Programs.--The Committee has included $12,900,000 for the base 
Interannual and Seasonal Climate research program, the full 
amount of the base program as funded in fiscal year 1999, and 
as requested. The recommendation also includes $63,000,000 for 
the Climate and Global Change program, the same level provided 
in fiscal year 1999 and $6,700,000 below the request. Of this 
amount, not less than $15,000,000 is for the International 
Research Institute and related regional application centers 
programs, which is the fiscal year 1999 level. The Committee 
recommendation believes OAR's priority should be placed on 
short and medium term climate forecasting, such as the El Nino 
and La Nina phenomena, and that these activities should be 
increased to the maximum extent possible, and offset by 
reductions in lower priority programs which are not core NOAA 
mission requirements and are duplicative of other Federal 
agency programs, including the social science-related economic 
and human dimensions assessments.
    The Committee encourages OAR to continue to work with 
interested institutions to establish a regional assessment 
program to serve the Mid-West.
    The recommendation also includes $42,000,000 for Long-term 
Climate and Air Quality Research, the same level as in fiscal 
year 1999, with all activities funded at the fiscal year 1999 
level. In addition, $34,600,000 is provided for the base 
weather research program, the same level as in fiscal year 
1999.
    Within Long-term Climate and Air Quality Research, the 
Committee encourages NOAA to conduct research into natural 
sources and removal process for low-atmosphere ozone-depleting 
substances, and report its findings to the Committee by July 1, 
2000.
    Marine Prediction Research.--The recommendation includes a 
total of $19,501,000 for this activity in fiscal year 2000. 
Within the total provided, the Committee has provided 
$8,801,000 for the base Marine Prediction Research program, 
$1,450,000 to continue the Ocean Services activity, which was 
transferred from NOS to OAR in fiscal year 1998, and $1,650,000 
to continue the Arctic Research Initiative. In addition, within 
this amount, the Committee has also provided $1,500,000 for 
implementation of the National Invasive Species Act, including 
$500,000 above the request to continue the ballast water 
demonstration program. Funding is also provided to continue the 
aquatic ecosystems initiative and the VENTS program at their 
fiscal year 1999 levels.
    GLERL.--The Committee has included $6,825,000 for the Great 
Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, $740,000 above the 
request and the same as the amount provided in fiscal year 
1999. The Committee has continued funding for GLERL within OAR, 
given the other Great Lakes-related programs contained in this 
line office. Should NOAA propose to consolidate all related 
programs into one line office, the Committee would be willing 
to consider such a transfer in accordance with the direction 
included under the National Ocean Service.
    Sea Grant.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$58,500,000 for the Sea Grant program, an increase of 
$7,000,000 above the budget request, and $1,000,000 above the 
current year's funding. Within this amount, $3,000,000 is 
included for zebra mussel research in accordance with the Non-
indigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act, and 
$2,500,000 is for oyster disease research, including $1,000,000 
to continue the Gulf of Mexico initiative on oyster-related 
human health risks. In addition, within the amounts provided 
for aquatic nuisance research, the Committee encourages the Sea 
Grant program to conduct research related to the public health 
risks posed by pathogens released in ballast water discharges 
in ports around the country.
    The Committee has provided no funding for the undersea 
research program or for the Global Learning Observations to 
Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) program.

                        NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$599,196,000 for the National Weather Service for fiscal year 
2000, which is $38,491,000 above fiscal year 1999, and 
$14,701,000 below the request. Additional amounts for NWS are 
provided under Facilities Maintenance, and within the 
Procurement, Acquisition and Construction account to support 
NWS systems modernization and facilities requirements. The 
Committee recommendation does not realign radiosonde 
replacement or Weather Forecasting Office Maintenance as 
proposed in the budget, but retains the current structure. The 
recommendation does consider the central computer upgrade 
activity under the Procurement, Acquisition and Construction 
account.
    Local Warnings and Forecasts.--The Committee recommendation 
provides $441,693,000 for Local Warnings and Forecasts, an 
increase of $20,623,000 over the fiscal year 1999 level, 
including MARDI, and a decrease of $8,718,000 below the 
request. In comparison to requested amounts, the recommendation 
does not fund $1,935,000 in non-labor cost increases, 
$4,465,000 of the $7,639,000 requested for labor cost 
deficiencies, the $1,500,000 increase for the Cooperative 
Observers Network, the $600,000 increase for Aircraft 
Observations and $490,000 of the increase requested for 
mitigation activities. All other increases to base are 
provided. In addition, the recommendation provides $1,650,000 
to maintain the existing suite of data buoys and coastal marine 
automated stations, as requested. Within the total amount 
provided, the Committee expects NWS to build on and extend for 
one year the current pilot partnership to provide enhanced 
weather information dissemination and decision-support systems 
to public safety agencies through the creation of a fine-scale 
numerical weather analysis and prediction capability. The 
recommendation also includes $272,000 for the procurement of 
additional NWS transmitters, including $200,000 to increase 
NOAA Weather Radio coverage in Illinois, and $72,000 for such 
purposes in southern Missouri. The Committee requests that NOAA 
provide a report to the Committee on its plans for the 
expenditure of these funds. In addition, the Committee directs 
NWS to determine the cause of any problems with the NWS 
emergency transmitter in the vicinity of Melba, Mississippi, 
and to provide to the Committee a recommendation as to the 
necessary steps to ensure it is fully functional during periods 
of severe weather.
    The Committee understands that NOAA, through the 
Modernization Transition Committee (MTC), is engaged in a 
process to independently review the necessity of maintaining 
certain National Weather Service Offices throughout the 
country. Through this process, NOAA has already closed, 
consolidated, and automated more than 100 Weather Offices 
across the country. Of the remaining offices planned to be 
closed, a small number are highly contested. The committee 
commends the MTC for its modernization efforts to date, and 
believes that issues regarding degradation of service need to 
be resolved through this process.
    The Committee understands that the MTC has in some 
instances made recommendations to NWS to address concerns in 
some of the contested areas, and in others is still in the 
process of evaluating concerns. The Committee urges NOAA 
through the National Weather Service, to continue to work 
aggressively with these communities in accordance with the 
MTC's guidance to ensure that NWS can respond effectively to 
occurrences of severe weather. Should additional funds be 
required to implement the MTC's recommendations, the Committee 
expects NWS and NOAA to adequately fund these changes out of 
the current budget and, if required, to submit a reprogramming 
for any additional resources that cannot be covered. The 
Committee firmly believes that all decisions made by the MTC 
and the Secretary have been, and should continue to be, based 
on independent validation confirming that the recommended 
action will not result in any degradation of service.
    Other Operations and Research Program.--The recommendation 
provides $2,000,000 for the NOAA radiosonde network replacement 
program, the same as in fiscal year 1999; $1,250,000 for the 
Susquehanna River Basin flood system, an increase of $631,000 
over the request; $35,596,000 for Aviation Forecasts; and 
$1,000,000 for the Advanced Hydrological Prediction Program.
    AWIPS/NOAA Port.--The recommendation includes $32,150,000 
for the operations of the AWIPS system, which has been fully 
installed. This is $19,961,000 over the amount provided in 
fiscal year 1999, and $5,852,000 below the request.

     NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE

    The recommendation includes $100,656,000 for the 
operational and research and development programs of the 
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 
(NESDIS), a decrease of $9,279,000 below fiscal year 1999 and 
$2,436,000 below the request.
    Environmental Data Management Systems.--The Committee has 
provided a total of $49,856,000 for this account, an increase 
of $6,000,000 above the request, and $2,779,000 below the 
current level.
    The recommendation includes $2,500,000 is for continuation 
of the Regional Climate Centers program, which was proposed for 
elimination. In addition, the recommendation includes 
$5,000,000 above the request for continuation of weather record 
preservation activities. Also, the recommendation provides the 
requested increase in base operations of Environmental Data 
Management Systems, which is intended to enhance the operations 
of the National Climatic Data Center. Further, the Committee 
recognizes the value of NOAA climate data centers as the U.S. 
repository for historical environmental data and encourages the 
Administration to ensure that adequate funding is requested to 
maintain these centers.

                            PROGRAM SUPPORT

    The Committee has included $57,594,000 for Program Support. 
This amount is a decrease of $11,656,000 below fiscal year 
1999, which is attributable to NOAA Commissioned Officers 
Retirement Pay changing to a mandatory account, and the 
inclusion of $4,656,000 in rent savings in the Administration's 
budget. The amount is a decrease of $11,637,000 below the 
request, which is attributable to all items being held at the 
fiscal year 1999 level.

                     FLEET MAINTENANCE AND PLANNING

    The recommendation includes $7,000,000 for this activity, a 
decrease of $2,243,000 below the request, and $4,600,000 below 
the amount provided in fiscal year 1999. The recommendation 
provides sufficient funding for routine maintenance of the 
existing NOAA fleet. No funds are provided to modernize the 
existing fleet, initiate major repairs to extend the life of a 
vessel, or purchase new equipment to upgrade an existing 
vessel.
    In connection with NOAA's fleet plan with respect to 
fisheries ships, and recent developments in hydrographic data 
acquisition, with respect to the division of labor between the 
NOAA fleet and outside contractors, the Committee would like a 
report on NOAA's plans for homeporting its vessels over the 
next five years by January 15, 2000.

                               FACILITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $10,165,000 for 
facilities maintenance, lease costs, and environmental 
compliance, which is $3,100,000 below fiscal year 1999 and 
$10,825,000 below the request. Of the amounts provided: 
$1,800,000 is for NOAA facilities maintenance, $2,000,000 is 
for environmental compliance activities, $3,000,000 is for 
Weather Forecast Office maintenance, and $3,365,000 is for 
Columbia River facilities maintenance.
    The Committee recommendation defers on providing funds for 
Boulder Facilities Operations. The Committee understands that 
GSA is charging NOAA a rental rate that isfar in excess of a 
normal market approach to value. This distresses the Committee greatly, 
as the Committee provided millions of dollars of funding for above-
standard costs over a period of several years during the construction 
of the facility, only to find that it is being asked to pay again at 
what the Department has determined are excessive rental rates. GSA is 
apparently setting the rental rate to achieve an 8 percent return on 
investment, and this is apparently the first building to which GSA has 
applied that standard. The Committee requests a report on the current 
status of negotiations on this issue within 30 days.
    The recommendation also includes language in the bill to 
provide mandatory funding for the costs associated with the 
NOAA Commissioned Corps retirement pay.

               Procurement, Acquisition and Construction

    The recommendation includes $480,720,000 in fiscal year 
2000 for this account, a decrease of $103,957,000 below the 
current level, and $149,858,000 below the request. The 
recommendation does not include an advance appropriation of 
$5,363,345,000 for fiscal years 2001-2018, requested in the 
budget. This account funds capital assets acquisition 
activities, including systems acquisition and new construction. 
The following distribution reflects the activities funded 
within this account:

AWIPS...................................................      $5,000,000
ASOS....................................................       3,855,000
NEXRAD..................................................       7,000,000
Computer Facilities Upgrades............................      11,100,000
Polar Spacecraft and Launching..........................     180,979,000
Geostationary Spacecraft and Launching..................     266,615,000
WFO Construction........................................       9,526,000
NERRS Construction......................................       1,000,000
NORC Rehabilitation.....................................       3,045,000
(Deobligations).........................................     (7,400,000)
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
  Total, Procurement, Acquisition and Construction......     480,720,000

    Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS).--
The Committee has included $5,000,000 for the AWIPS 
acquisition, which is $1,755,000 below the request. With the 
completion of the deployment of AWIPS through Build 4.2 at a 
cost of $550,000,000, the recommendation assumes that there 
will be a slower progression to the next phase of AWIPS 
development than requested in the budget.
    Next-Generation Radar (NEXRAD).--The Committee 
recommendation includes $7,000,000 for planned product 
improvements at the current year level. The Committee has not 
included the full request for planned product improvements and 
assumes that improvements will be undertaken at a slower rate 
than requested in the budget.
    Polar and Geostationary Spacecraft and Launching 
Programs.--The Committee recommends a total of $447,594,000 for 
satellite development and procurement programs, $17,465,000 
below fiscal year 1999, and $40,100,000 below the request.
    WFO Construction.--The recommendation includes $9,526,000 
for WFO Construction, the same level as in fiscal year 1999, 
and $3,841,000 below the request. The recommendation does not 
include funding for the two largest construction projects, 
which can be deferred, and instead provides funding for the 
more immediate and smaller-scale projects included in the 
budget request.
    NERRS Construction.--The recommendation includes $1,000,000 
in construction funds to provide funding needed to supplement 
or update facilities.
    NORC Rehabilitation.--The recommendation does not include 
$500,000 for the cost of Weather Service improvements at the 
NORC, since the current plan is for the Weather Service 
computer to be relocated.

                  pacific coastal salmon recovery fund

    The recommendation does not include $160,000,000 requested 
for the Pacific Salmon Recovery Fund. Of this amount, 
$100,000,000 was requested for grants to the four western 
coastal States for Pacific salmon recovery activities, 
$20,000,000 was requested for the establishment and initial 
funding for two endowment funds to implement the 1999 Pacific 
Salmon Agreement, $20,000,000 was requested for a Washington 
State boat buy-back program, and $20,000,000 was requested for 
a grant to Alaska for chinook and coho salmon fisheries 
enhancements.
    The Committee does not have sufficient funding within its 
allocation to initiate funding for this program. In addition, 
there are substantial authorization issues with respect to the 
request. The $100,000,000 grant program was requested under 
section 6 of the Endangered Species Act. Leaving aside the 
issue that the Endangered Species Act authorizations have 
expired, section 6 only authorizes funds to be appropriated out 
of the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund, which 
is an existing Fund in the Department of the Interior, over 
which the Commerce, Justice, State Subcommittee has no 
jurisdiction. In addition, with respect to the funding for the 
Pacific Salmon Agreement, there is again no authorization for 
appropriation of these funds, and the budget amendment 
requesting these funds requested authorization language to 
establish these endowment funds. Furthermore, at least as 
requested, with respect to the funding for Washington and 
Alaska, there is no authorization for the payment of these 
funds as grants to these States. With all of these programs, 
there are substantial questions about what the funds can be 
used for, who oversees the funds, the conditions under which 
the funds are provided, such that there would seem to be a need 
for authorizations to be pursued to at least set the ground 
rules for how these funds would be disbursed.

                      coastal zone management fund

    The Committee has included language in the bill, identical 
to fiscal year 1999, which makes available $4,000,000 in the 
Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Fund for administration of the 
CZM program, and for State Development Grants in accordance 
with the authorization set forth in Section 308(b)(2)(A) and 
308(b)(2)(B)(v) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, and the 
National Estuarine Reserve program set forth in Section 315(e) 
of the Coastal Zone Management Act. The budget included 
language to transfer the funding to the Operations, Research, 
and Facilities account.

    Promote and Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining to 
                           American Fisheries


                       fisheries promotional fund

    The recommendation includes a rescission of all remaining 
balances from the Fisheries Promotional Fund, which is a non-
active account, as requested in the budget.

                      fishermen's contingency fund

    The Committee recommends $953,000 for the Fishermen's 
Contingency Fund, the full amount requested, and an amount 
equal to the current year level.
    The Fishermen's Contingency Fund provides compensation to 
U.S. fishermen for damage or loss of fishing gear and any 
resulting loss because of natural or manmade obstructions 
related to oil and gas exploration, development, and production 
on the Outer Continental Shelf.

                     foreign fishing observer fund

    The Committee recommends $189,000 for the Foreign Fishing 
Observer Fund for fiscal year 2000, an amount equal to the 
request and the current year funding level.
    Fees paid into the Fund are collected from owners and 
operators of certain foreign fishing vessels that fish within 
the United States Fishery Conservation Zone and are intended to 
be used by the Secretary of Commerce to finance the cost of 
placing United States observers aboard such fishing vessels.

                   fisheries finance program account

    The Committee recommends $238,000 in subsidy amounts for 
the Fisheries Finance Program account, $100,000 below the 
fiscal year 1999 level due to the discontinuation of certain 
special programs. In addition, language is continued, which was 
carried in previous years, prohibiting loans under this account 
from being made to purchase any new vessel that would increase 
the harvesting capacity of any U.S. fishery, as requested. The 
budget request included a request for $1,700,000 for the 
administrative costs of carrying out the program. These funds 
have been provided under Operations, Research, and Facilities, 
as in previous years. In addition, the budget request included 
$8,320,000 for the cost of a scallop vessel buyout, which is 
not included in the recommendation.

                         General Administration


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for the Commerce 
Department's Salaries and Expenses appropriation for fiscal 
year 2000. This amount is the same as provided in fiscal year 
1999, and a decrease of $4,046,000 below the budget request.
    This appropriation provides for the Office of the Secretary 
and for staff offices of the Department which assist in the 
formulation of policy, management, and administration.
    Office Moves.--It has come to the attention of the 
Committee that the Department is not in compliance with 
reprogramming requirements relating to office moves, openings, 
reductions, and closings. The Department is directed to submit 
quarterly reports providing details of all office moves, 
openings, reductions, and closings, which will be considered as 
reprogrammings under section 605 of the Act.
    Working Capital Fund.--The Working Capital Fund is 
currently functioning in a way that raises major concerns. 
Entire offices are being funded out of the Fund, which means 
they are never subject to direct Congressional oversight. 
Budget justifications that are submitted for the Fund do not 
accurately reflect current plans for the capitalization and use 
of the Fund, and are at least a year out of date. The program 
is currently functioning in a way that allows the Department to 
assess the agencies within the Department for whatever charges 
it chooses for whatever purposes it chooses. This is creating a 
certain degree of havoc within the agencies, as the charges for 
the Fund have been rising rapidly. It is also creating a 
certain degree of havoc with budgeting for the agencies, since 
funds appropriated for a specific purposes may no longer be 
available because funds have been utilized to pay the 
assessment for the Fund. The Committee's recommendation does 
not approve any specific level of funding for the Working 
Capital Fund for fiscal year 2000, and directs the Department 
to submit a financial plan that includes charges to be assessed 
by agency. The Committee believes that the Department may want 
to consider restructuring the Working Capital Fund, in 
consultation with the Committee.

                      Office of Inspector General

    The Committee recommends $22,000,000 for the Commerce 
Department's Office of Inspector General for fiscal year 2000. 
This amount is an increase of $1,000,000 above the current 
level, and $1,454,000 below the request.

               general provisions--department of commerce

    The Committee has included the following General Provisions 
for the Department of Commerce that were included in the fiscal 
year 1999 Appropriations Act:
    Section 201 makes Commerce Department funds in the bill 
available for advanced payments only upon certification of 
officials designated by the Secretary that such payments are 
considered to be in the public interest.
    Section 202 makes appropriations for the Department in the 
bill for Salaries and Expenses available for hire of passenger 
motor vehicles, and for services, uniforms and allowances as 
authorized by law.
    Section 203 prohibits any of the funds in the bill to be 
used to support hurricane reconnaissance aircraft and 
activities that are under the control of the United States Air 
Force or the United States Air Force Reserve.
    Section 204, modified as proposed, prohibits the use of 
Commerce Department funds in this or any previous Act from 
being used for the purpose of reimbursing the Unemployment 
Trust Fund or any other account of the Treasury to pay 
unemployment compensation for temporary census workers for 
services performed in the conduct of the decennial census.
    Section 205 provides the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts. The 
language provides that no account may be decreased by more than 
5 percent or increased by more than 10 percent. The language 
also makes the transfers subject to the Committee's standard 
reprogramming procedures.
    Section 206 provides that should legislation be enacted to 
reorganize the Department of Commerce, the Secretary shall 
submit a plan for transferring such functions in accordance 
with the standard reprogramming procedures in this Act, and 
such reprogramming will not be subject to the limitations set 
forth in the standard procedures.
    Section 207 provides that any costs incurred by the 
Department in response to funding reductions shall be absorbed 
within the total budgetary resources available to the 
Department and shall not be subject to the reprogramming 
limitations in this Act.
    Section 208 allows the Secretary to award contracts for 
certain mapping and charting activities in accordance with the 
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act.
    Section 209 allows the Department of Commerce franchise 
fund to retain a percentage of earnings from services provided 
for capital investments.

                        TITLE III--THE JUDICIARY

    The funds recommended by the Committee in Title III of the 
accompanying bill are for the operation and maintenance of the 
United States Courts and include the salaries of judges, 
magistrates, supporting personnel and other expenses of the 
Federal Judiciary.
    The appropriation request submitted for fiscal year 2000 
for the Judiciary totals $4,163,972,000. Of this amount, 
$285,243,000 is associated with the salaries and retirement 
expenses of Supreme Court Justices, Article III Judges and 
Bankruptcy Judges and payments to Judiciary retirement funds 
and is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes. The 
remainder of the request, $3,878,729,000, which is considered 
discretionary for scorekeeping purposes, represents an increase 
of $507,448,000, or 15 percent, over the enacted amounts for 
fiscal year 1999. Of this amount, $66,000,000 is requested from 
the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.
    The Committee recommendation provides $3,924,273,000, of 
which $285,243,000 is for mandatory salary and retirement 
expenses of the Justices and judges, the same as the request. 
The recommendation includes $3,639,030,000 for the 
discretionary programs of the Judiciary, including $182,786,000 
from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund. This amount is 
$239,699,000 below the request, and is $267,749,000, or 8 
percent, above the amount provided for the current fiscal year. 
This increase is provided to pay the estimated fiscal year 2000 
costs of the ongoing activities of the federal courts, and to 
increase court security to meet additional requirements.
    Optimal Utilization of Judicial Resources.--In response to 
the requests of the Committee in previous years, the Judicial 
Conference has submitted reports to the Congress on the optimal 
utilization of judicial resources.
    The request arose out of concerns about the ability of the 
Congress to sustain the current appropriations level for the 
Judicial Branch in the context of the desire of the American 
public to balance the budget and reduce the deficit.
    The Committee believes that a number of useful 
recommendations have resulted from this process, and that an 
annual report on efficiency improvements remains useful. 
However, the format of the annual report needs to be improved. 
The report should focus on: (1) actions taken during the 
previous fiscal year, including savings in dollars; (2) actions 
planned for the current fiscal year, with projected savings in 
dollars; and (3) actions under contemplation for the next 
fiscal year, with a range of possible savings. As this format 
is adopted, it should be possible to follow the Judiciary's 
efficiency efforts from conception to implementation, and to 
track the impact of savings on the Judiciary's budget. This 
will require the report, which is to be submitted early in 
fiscal year 2000, to look substantially different than the 
previous report, particularly in terms of quantitative impact 
and year-by-year, rather than cumulative, impact.

                   Supreme Court of the United States

    The Committee recommends a total of $41,913,000 for the 
Supreme Court of the United States for fiscal year 2000. The 
total amount is provided in two separate appropriations 
accounts, as follows:

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $35,041,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for the salaries and expenses of the Justices, their supporting 
personnel, and the cost of operating the Supreme Court, 
excluding the care of the building and grounds. The Committee 
recommendation is $3,061,000 more than the current year 
appropriation, and is $898,000 less than the budget request for 
this account. It provides the amount required to maintain the 
current level of activities, including full-year funding for 
the cost of 36 additional police positions initially funded in 
the fiscal year 1999 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 
but it does not contain funding for any additional positions.

                    care of the building and grounds

    The Committee recommends $6,872,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for personnel and other services relating to the Supreme Court 
building and grounds, which is supervised by the Architect of 
the Capitol. The recommendation is $1,472,000 more than the 
current year appropriation and $15,786,000 below the request. 
The increase of $1,472,000 recommended by the Committee is one 
of the few program increases included anywhere in this bill.
    In July, relatively late in terms of the budget process, 
the Committee received a letter from the Architect, indicating 
that the original request was being modified, and that in lieu 
of the $22,658,000 in the budget request, the Architect now 
estimated the requirement at $8,002,000. The Committee 
recommendation includes all items included in that letter, with 
the exception of the amount for Design, Building Improvements 
and Utility Systems Upgrades, which is reduced by $1,130,000. 
The Committee will continue to review the recent letter as this 
bill proceeds forward, and recommend adjustments as required.
    Within the amount provided for current services, the 
Committee has provided $75,000 for miscellaneous improvements. 
The Committee expects to be provided an accounting of the 
expenditure of these funds.
    Language in the bill allows $3,971,000 of the appropriation 
to remain available until expended, compared with $19,757,000 
requested in the budget, and $2,364,000 in the fiscal year 1999 
bill.

         United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $16,101,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for the Salaries and Expenses of the United States Court of 
Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The Committee recommendation 
is the same as in the current year appropriation, and is 
$1,535,000 less than the request.
    The Committee recommendation maintains funding at the 
current year level. If additional funds are required to provide 
for a current services level of operation, the Committee would 
be receptive to a reprogramming from salaries and expenses of 
the Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and other judicial 
services. No funding is provided for program increases.

               United States Court of International Trade


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $11,804,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for the Salaries and Expenses of the United States Court of 
International Trade, the same level as in fiscal year 1999, and 
$342,000 below the request. If additional funds are required to 
provide for a current services level of operation, the 
Committee would be receptive to a reprogramming from salaries 
and expenses of the Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and 
other judicial services.

    Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $3,090,677,000 for this account 
for fiscal year 2000, an increase of $258,692,000 over fiscal 
year 1999 and a reduction of $158,644,000 from the request. The 
amount provided includes $156,539,000 from the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund. This account provides for the salaries of 
judges, magistrates, and all other officers and employees of 
the federal Judiciary not otherwise provided for, and for all 
necessary expenses including rental charges for space and 
facilities.
    The Judiciary submits its budget request based on total 
obligations, including appropriated funds and funds available 
from other sources, including fees and carryover. The budget 
request assumes a total funding requirement for fiscal year 
2000 of $3,449,921,000, of which $3,249,321,000 is derived from 
the appropriation for this account, and $200,600,000 is derived 
from other sources of funding. Since submission of the budget, 
the Judiciary's latest financial review has resulted in a 
revised estimate of the total funding requirement for fiscal 
year 2000 of $3,451,114,000, an increase of $1,193,000 over the 
request; and a revised estimate of the amount available from 
other resources of $243,634,000, resulting in a decrease in the 
appropriation needed to support this account to a level of 
$3,207,480,000.
    The Committee recommendation of $3,090,677,000 is 
$116,803,000 below that revised funding level. The recommended 
level, which is $258,892,000 above fiscal year 1999, is 
intended to allow the Judiciary to continue operating at their 
current level of operations. The large increases requested in 
the Judiciary's budget result from the fact that tighter 
budgets in the past several years have led to a decline in 
available carryover. In fiscal year 2000, the Judiciary is 
currently expecting carryover of $83,912,000, compared with 
$239,431,000 that was carried over into fiscal year 1999. This 
means that an additional appropriation of $155,519,000 is 
required in fiscal year 2000 just to provide the same amount of 
resources in fiscal year 2000 as the Judiciary received in 
fiscal year 1999.
    The balance of the increase, $103,373,000, is intended to 
allow the Federal Courts to operate at their current level of 
operations. This amount is still short of what the Judiciary 
indicates is required, but the amount is sufficient to avoid 
any involuntary personnel actions, and to permit hiring to 
replace attrition. With respect to the remaining shortfall, the 
Judiciary historically has been able, as the course of the year 
progresses, to identify additional carryover and other 
resources to enable all critical operations to be funded, and 
that may serve to alleviate any problem.
    The budget request included one program increase of 
$4,901,000, which is not included in the recommendation.
    The Committee is aware that in legislation that has passed 
both Houses of Congress, there is an authorization for the 
creation of 9 additional District Court judgeships. Upon 
enactment, funding of these positions and associated staff 
becomes an obligation, and the Committee expects that any 
financial plan with respect to fiscal year 2000 will anticipate 
the funding requirements of these additional judgeships.
    In addition, the Committee understands that certain pilot 
projects are underway in relation to electronic courtrooms. The 
Committee expects to be informed either as part of the budget 
or through separate reports of the amounts being expended on 
each pilot project, future plans, and results to date in terms 
of improving the conduct of trials.
    In the language in the bill, the amount of funds for space 
alteration projects that is permitted to remain available until 
expended is retained at the fiscal year 1999 level of 
$13,454,000, rather than the level of $19,150,000 requested in 
the budget.
    The appropriation from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust 
Fund for this account is included as an additional paragraph 
under this heading, as requested, instead of under a separate 
account, as provided in the fiscal year 1999 bill.

                 vaccine injury compensation trust fund

    The Committee recommends a reimbursement of $2,138,000 for 
fiscal year 2000 from the Special Fund to cover expenses of the 
Claims Court associated with processing cases under the 
National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. This is $337,000 
under the amount provided in the current fiscal year and 
$443,000 under the budget request.

                           defender services

    The Committee recommends $387,795,000 for fiscal year 2000, 
of which $26,247,000 is provided from the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund. This represents a decrease of $4,036,000 
below the amount provided in the current fiscal year, and a 
decrease of$23,649,000 below the budget request. This account 
provides funding for the operation of the Federal Public Defender and 
Community Defender organizations and for compensation and reimbursement 
of expenses of panel attorneys appointed pursuant to the Criminal 
Justice Act, as amended, for representation in criminal cases.
    This recommendation is based on the latest estimate of 
requirements provided by the Administrative Office of the 
Courts. It is apparent that in the current fiscal year, the 
average cost of cases is lower than projected, which is a 
welcome development, given the rapid increase in the 
appropriation for this account over the past several years. 
Those lower costs, when projected into fiscal year 2000, reduce 
the total estimated resources required by $10,751,000.
    In addition, the Committee recommends $2,702,000 for an 
increase of $5 an hour for in-court and out-of-court time for 
Criminal Justice Act panel attorneys, which has a projected 
annual cost of $6,600,000. The budget request included 
$15,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 cost of a rate increase 
from the present rate in most jurisdictions of $45 an hour for 
out-of-court time, and $65 an hour for in-court time to $75 an 
hour for all time. The full-year cost of that rate increase is 
projected at $36,000,000.
    In addition, the recommendation does not include $600,000 
in requested program increases.
    This results in a total program requirement of 
$387,795,000, the amount recommended by the Committee.
    A study released in February of this year confirmed the 
concerns that the Committee has expressed over the cost of 
capital habeas corpus representations in the Ninth Circuit, and 
in particular in California Districts. That report noted that 
in the period of 1992-1998:
          The cost of federal capital habeas corpus cases in 
        the Ninth Circuit is approximately four times greater 
        than the cost of cases in all other circuits.
          The high cost of cases in the Ninth Circuit is 
        primarily due to the high costs of California cases, 
        which average more than $370,000, compared with $70,000 
        for non-California cases, and which have a median cost 
        of $307,666, compared with $48,401 in non-California 
        cases.
          Cases in California, which constituted 20 percent of 
        the cases, generated 57 percent of the costs.
    The Committee understands that since last year the Ninth 
Circuit, and particularly California, have undertaken a series 
of measures designed to reduce costs, and that those measures 
are beginning to show an impact.
    To ensure continued progress, the Committee strongly urges 
the Ninth Circuit, in consultation with the Judicial 
Conference, to formulate a timetable for reducing costs to 
within a reasonable variation of the national average, as well 
as steps necessary to meet the timetable, by the end of the 
calendar year and requests a biennial report on actual results, 
starting in January of 2000.
    The appropriation from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust 
Fund for this account is included as an additional paragraph 
under this heading, as requested, instead of under a separate 
account, as provided in the fiscal year 1999 bill.

                    fees of jurors and commissioners

    The Committee recommends $63,400,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for the fees and allowances of grand and petit jurors and for 
the compensation of land commissioners and jury commissioners. 
This represents a decrease of $3,461,000 below the amount 
appropriated in fiscal year 1999, and a decrease of $6,110,000 
below the budget request. The recommendation is based on the 
latest estimate from the Administrative Office of the Courts of 
the requirements for this account.

                             court security

    The Committee recommends $190,029,000 for Court Security 
for fiscal year 2000 to provide for necessary expenses of 
security and protective services for the United States Courts 
in courtrooms and adjacent areas. This is $15,460,000 more than 
was appropriated in fiscal year 1999, and $15,983,000 less than 
the budget request.
    The recommendation provides for requested adjustments to 
base, the requested program increases to hire 120 additional 
security officers, and the balance for additional security 
equipment and perimeter security.
    The Committee requests a report summarizing both the 
changes requested in security officer staffing and the 
equipment request together with detailed tracking tables for 
each, to accompany the submission of the fiscal year 2001 
budget.
    Language in the bill allows up to $10,000,000 in security 
system funding to remain available until expended, instead of 
allowing such funds to remain available until expended for any 
purpose, as requested in the budget.

           Administrative Office of the United States Courts


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $54,500,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses of the Administrative Office of the United States 
Courts for fiscal year 2000, the same level as in the current 
fiscal year, and $3,928,000 below the request. This account is 
responsible for the administration of the United States Courts, 
including the probation and bankruptcy systems.
    The appropriation for this account is a part of the overall 
resources available to the Administrative Office. In terms of 
total resources, the budget requests $100,594,000, of which 
$41,662,000 is to be derived from other sources, including fees 
and reimbursements from other Judiciary accounts, which is an 
increase of $1,676,000 over the current fiscal year. The 
Committee recommendation provides for $96,162,000 in total 
resources, compared with $94,486,000 in the current fiscal 
year.
    The Committee is aware that the Administrative Office is 
competitively advertising the contract for the administration 
of the English-Spanish court interpreter testing and 
certification programs. As the Administrative Office considers 
proposals, the Committee urges it to maintain the rigorous 
federal interpreter standards that have been established and 
refrain from undertaking any new development process that would 
result in lower interpreter standards or compromise the quality 
of interpreter services.

                        Federal Judicial Center


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $17,716,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses of the Federal Judicial Center for fiscal year 2000, 
which is the same level as in the current fiscal year, and 
$1,281,000 below the budget request. The Federal Judicial 
Center improves the management of federal judicial dockets and 
court administration through education for judges and staff and 
research, evaluation, and planning assistance for the courts 
and the Judicial Conference.

                       Judicial Retirement Funds


                    payment to judiciary trust funds

    The Committee recommends $39,700,000 for payments to the 
Judicial Officers' Retirement Fund and the Claims Court Judges 
Retirement Fund for fiscal year 2000. This amount is the same 
as the budget request, and $2,400,000 above the current year. 
These payments are considered mandatory for budget scorekeeping 
purposes. The increase is based on the latest estimate of the 
requirements for the Funds.
    These funds will cover the estimated annuity payments to be 
made to retired bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges, Claims 
Court judges and spouses and dependent children of deceased 
judicial officers.

                  United States Sentencing Commission


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $8,500,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses of the United States Sentencing Commission for fiscal 
year 2000, a decrease of $987,000 below the amount provided for 
the current fiscal year and $2,100,000 below the budget 
request.
    The Commission has been without Commissioners for the 
current fiscal year, and the Committee expects there to be 
significant carryover as a result.
    The purpose of the Commission is to establish, review and 
revise sentencing guidelines, policies and practices for the 
Federal criminal justice system. The Commission is also 
required to monitor the operation of the guidelines and to 
identify and report necessary changes to the Congress.

                   General Provisions--The Judiciary

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
in the bill for the Judiciary:
    Section 301 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations Acts, to permit funds in the bill for salaries 
and expenses for the Judiciary to be available for employment 
of experts and consultant services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 
3109.
    Section 302 provides language, included in previous 
appropriations Acts, which permits up to five percent of any 
appropriation made available for fiscal year 2000 to be 
transferred between Judiciary appropriation accounts with the 
proviso that no appropriation shall be decreased by more than 5 
percent or increased by more than 10 percent by any such 
transfer except in certain circumstances. In addition, the 
language provides that any such transfer shall be treated as a 
reprogramming of funds under section 605 of the accompanying 
bill and shall not be available for obligation or expenditure 
except in compliance with the procedures set forth in that 
section.
    Section 303 provides language included in previous 
appropriations Acts permitting not to exceed a total of $10,000 
for official reception and representation expenses incurred by 
the Judicial Conference of the United States.
    The Committee has deferred without prejudice the request 
for language to provide a salary adjustment for Justices and 
judges.

            TITLE IV--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY

    In total, the recommendation in this Title for the 
Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors 
includes $5,800,996,000, which is $505,661,000 below the budget 
request, and $299,142,000 above the non-emergency amount 
provided in fiscal year 1999. The Department received an 
additional $1,559,118,000 in fiscal year 1999 emergency 
appropriations, including funds to reconstitute embassy 
activities in Nairobi and Dar Es Salaam and institute security 
upgrades worldwide. The major area of increase over fiscal year 
1999 funding results from funding provided for worldwide 
security upgrades. The recommendation includes the full funding 
request, $567,617,000, to continue the activities begun with 
emergency funding in fiscal year 1999, and begin designing and 
constructing replacement facilities for the most vulnerable 
overseas posts. The recommendation does not include advance 
appropriations of $3,600,000,000 requested by the Department.
    The major area of reduction from the budget request relates 
to funding for international organizations. The recommendation 
includes $250,371,000 less than the amounts requested for 
contributions to international organizations, international 
peacekeeping and arrearage payments. These reductions are 
further explained under those headings. Leaving aside the 
funding provided for worldwide security upgrades, the funding 
under this Title is $268,475,000 below the fiscal year 1999 
level.
    The funding provided for the Department of State under this 
title includes amounts to continue the activities previously 
carried out by the United States Information Agency (USIA) and 
the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA). As a result of 
the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, those 
agencies are abolished and consolidated within the Department. 
Funding for international broadcasting activities, formerly 
appropriated to USIA, is appropriated in fiscal year 2000 to 
the Broadcasting Board of Governors. Discussion of funding for 
these activities is included in the paragraphs below.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,379,334,000 for 
fiscal year 2000 for the Department of State. This amount is 
$474,733,000 less than the budget request for fiscal year 2000, 
and $1,020,556,000 more than the amounts appropriated for 
fiscal year 1999 for the Department due to the consolidation of 
USIA and ACDA operations within the Department.
    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$3,899,939,000 for the discretionary appropriation accounts 
under Administration of Foreign Affairs; $1,393,937,000 for the 
appropriation accounts under International Organizations and 
Conferences; $45,583,000 for International Commissions; and 
$39,875,000 for Other activities. The Committee's recommended 
priorities for the Department of State are delineated in the 
following paragraphs.

                   Administration of Foreign Affairs


                    DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $2,736,825,000 for the Diplomatic 
and Consular Programs account, including $254,000,000 to 
continue funding worldwide security upgrades and $306,057,000 
for public diplomacy international information programs.
    This appropriation provides for the formulation and 
execution of United States foreign policy, including the 
conduct of diplomatic and consular relations with foreign 
countries, diplomatic relations with international 
organizations and related activities. This account includes 
funding for all of the program and operations bureaus and 
offices of the Department of State and the Foreign Service, 
including the domestic operations of the Department, which were 
previously funded under the Salaries and Expenses account. The 
recommendation eliminates that account and includes the funding 
under this heading, as requested.
    The recommendation represents a reduction of $102,109,000 
from the budget request for the functions funded in this 
account and an increase of $1,092,525,000 above the fiscal year 
1999 appropriation. However, it is important to note that the 
fiscal year 1999 appropriation included an additional 
$790,771,000 in emergency appropriations for worldwide security 
upgrades and other emergency requirements. The recommendation 
includes $254,000,000 to continue these activities. Also, the 
recommendation includes funding, as requested, to continue the 
activities that were funded under the Department's Salaries and 
Expenses account, USIA's International Information Programs 
account and ACDA's Arms Control and Disarmament Activities 
account in fiscal year 1999. Exclusive of security items, the 
recommendation represents an increase of $31,209,000 above the 
comparable total of $2,451,616,000 from fiscal year 1999, which 
is sufficient to allow the Department to continue operations 
near current levels.
    Changes from the Budget Request.--The Committee 
recommendation does not include requested increases for program 
expansions in this account. As in past years, the Committee 
expects that there will be additional savings available to the 
Department including exchange rate gains and vacancies in 
funded positions. The Department will have the ability to 
propose that savings be used for needs not funded by the 
recommendation through the normal reprogramming process. The 
Committee will not, however, consider such a reprogramming 
action to fund the requested program increase for the Market 
Development Pilot Program. The Committee believes this proposal 
to be duplicative of existing U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service 
activities. The Committee also notes that the budget request 
did not include funding for the Advisory Commission on Public 
Diplomacy, which was abolished by the Foreign Affairs Reform 
and Restructuring Act. The Committee understands that H.R. 
1211, as passed by the House, contains language repealing that 
abolition. Should this repeal become law, the Committee directs 
the Department to provide continuing funding for the Commission 
within the total amount available under this heading.
    Reform and Restructuring.--The Committee supports the 
combination of similar activities, and the achievement of all 
possible efficiencies in the management of a consolidated State 
Department. However, it is imperative for the Department to 
maintain the ability to report separately and in detail on 
resources and results for separate activities within the 
Diplomatic and Consular Affairs account. For this reason, the 
recommendation includes bill language making $306,057,000 
available separately for public diplomacy activities. The 
reorganization plan spreads public diplomacy resources across 
several different bureaus. The Committee believes that 
separately identifying these resources will result in 
establishment of separate accounts and allotments, as 
necessary, to facilitate the Committee's ability to monitor 
funding levels for these activities. The amount identified for 
public diplomacy programs does not include the costs of the 
Foreign Press Centers and Worldnet Interactives programs, 
previously carried out by USIA, which the reorganization placed 
in the Bureau of Public Affairs. The Committee is disappointed 
that the reorganization plan did not include streamlining 
measures, as called for in Section 1601(a)(5) of the Foreign 
Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act. The Department did not 
take advantage of the unprecedented opportunity represented by 
that Act to initiate a top to bottom restructuring. The 
Committee will continue to insist on streamlining of ongoing 
State activities to eliminate unnecessary positions and 
functions and improve efficiency. The recommended funding level 
in this account will necessitate additional efficiencies to 
maintain current activities. The Committee again urges the 
State Department to make reinvention and restructuring a top 
priority and requests a report by January 25, 2000, on specific 
actions taken.
    Worldwide Security Upgrades.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $254,000,000, the full amount requested under 
Diplomatic and Consular Programs, for the costs of worldwide 
security upgrades. This funding represents recurring costs of 
activities funded in fiscal year 1999 through supplemental 
emergency appropriations, including guard services, physical 
security equipment, armored vehicles, personnel, training and 
wireless communications. The Committee is aware that the 
Department's Bureau of Diplomatic Security has been operating 
at a heightened level of operations since the embassy bombings 
last year. The Committee believes that sufficient resources 
must continue to be allocated for diplomatic security staffing 
needs to address the new threat level overseas, but also to 
maintain domestic protective and other responsibilities. The 
recommendation includes the full amount required to maintain 
the additional positions funded by the supplemental emergency 
funds last year, including 200 special diplomatic security 
agents, but no funding for additional positions, as none were 
requested. The Committee directs the Department to reassess 
diplomatic security staffing requirements and submit a report 
to the Committee no later than January 25, 2000.
    Government-wide deployment of resources and the Overseas 
Presence Advisory Panel.--The Committee notes that the Overseas 
Presence Advisory Panel will soon make recommendations to the 
Secretary aimed toward coordinating, rationalizing and managing 
the overall deployment of U.S. Government personnel overseas. 
The Committee welcomes this as an opportunity to make progress 
toward the elusive goal of making the size and mission of a 
particular post correspond to the international affairs goals 
at that post. The Committee expects the Department to respond 
quickly to these recommendations, and to submit the results of 
the Panel's review to the Committee, along with the views of 
the Department, as well as the plans to implement recommended 
initiatives. Such a submission shall include a description of 
how the Department intends to proceed on establishing regional 
missions in certain locations in order to maximize efficiency 
and security, and how this concept will be incorporated into 
the Department's budgeting for facilities construction and 
rehabilitation.
    Border Security Program.--The Department's budget 
submission includes funding of $316,715,000 for the 
Department's Border Security program, to be funded through 
collection of Machine Readable Visa (MRV) fees. Based on 
information from the Department, the Committee expects there to 
be $50,000,000 in carryover funds from fiscal year 1999, and as 
a result has capped expenditure of fees collected in fiscal 
year 2000 at $267,000,000, with funds collected in excess of 
that amount available for expenditure in fiscal year 2001. This 
is consistent with the way offsetting fee collections are 
treated throughout the bill, and assures that the Congress has 
the ability to monitor how these funds are being expended.
    Other issues.--The Committee again commends the 
Consolidated Overseas Schools Assistance Program for its 
continuing effectiveness in improving the quality of education 
for dependent children of American families living abroad. The 
Consolidated Overseas Assistance Program fulfills the dual 
purpose of providing a quality, American-style education for 
children of Americans assigned overseas and demonstrating 
American educational philosophy and practice to children of 
other countries and local educators. The Committee also 
commends the continuing contribution of the Overseas Schools 
Advisory Council and its Program of Educational Assistance that 
helps to provide educational excellence to American-sponsored 
overseas schools. In addition, the Council successfully 
promotes financial and in-kind support to the schools from 
American businesses and foundations, as well as volunteer 
participation in activities of the schools by U.S. firms' 
employees and their spouses stationed overseas.
    The Committee expects that within amounts available under 
this heading, the Department will allocate $4,000,000 for the 
necessary funding to fully support the fiscal year 2000 costs 
of continuing to implement Public Law 105-319.
    The Committee expects that within amounts available under 
this heading, the Department will maintain the increased fiscal 
year 1999 funding level mandated by the Committee for the 
Office of Defense Trade Controls.
    In addition, the Committee recognizes the importance of the 
service provided by Foreign Service Officers and other U.S. 
Government employees serving abroad. The Committee is concerned 
about the adequacy of compensation provided to the families of 
the Americans killed in the terrorist bombing of the U.S. 
Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. The Committee is aware that the 
House Committee on International Relations is also concerned 
and has included in the American Embassy Security Act of 1999 a 
provision directing the Secretary of State to examine the 
current compensation structure with particular attention to the 
adequacy of compensation. The Committee directs the Secretary 
to submit a report on this matter to the relevant Congressional 
Committees by December 31, 1999.
    The Committee has included language in the bill which: (1) 
permits not to exceed $4,000,000 to be transferred to the 
Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service account for 
emergency evacuations and terrorism rewards; (2) provides 
$1,252,000 in fees collected from other Executive Branch 
agenciesand $490,000 from reserves for lease or use of 
facilities at the International Center Complex, as authorized by law; 
(3) provides not to exceed $15,000 from reimbursements, surcharges, and 
fees for use of Blair House facilities in accordance with the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956; (4) adds authorities for the 
Department to carry out activities previously carried out by USIA and 
ACDA; (5) allows a transfer of not to exceed $1,162,000 to the 
Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United 
States, including new language limiting the total of such transfers to 
the amount authorized; and (6) makes not to exceed $6,000,000 in fee 
collections available until expended for various activities previously 
carried out by USIA. The recommendation does not include requested 
language to permanently authorize the collection of MRV fees.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

    The Committee recommends $80,000,000 for the Capital 
Investment Fund, the same level as the fiscal year 1999 
appropriation and $10,000,000 below the request. In addition, 
the budget request estimates that an additional $50,000,000 in 
expedited passport fees will be available to support the 
computer modernization effort, for a total availability of 
$130,000,000.
    This account supports the Department's effort to modernize 
its information technology infrastructure.
    The State Department is in the third year of a five-year 
information resource management modernization program that 
started in fiscal year 1997. The overall plan calls for an 
infrastructure modernization effort through fiscal year 2001 
totaling $2,716,000,000, of which approximately $600,000,000 is 
funding required over and above the Department's Information 
Resource Management funding base. This is obviously an enormous 
undertaking with significant risks.
    The Committee notes that the information resource 
management budget of the Department amounts to more than 22 
percent of the Department's total operating budget, by far the 
single largest component of the budget. Thus far, the 
Department has not provided any information about how the 
modernization effort will affect overall information resource 
requirements. The Committee has asked for, but not yet 
received, a report that identifies and quantifies the specific 
efficiencies and savings expected to result from specific 
modernization projects. The Committee directs the Department to 
submit such a report by December 31, 1999.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $28,495,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, which is $1,000,000 above the current year 
level, and $1,559,000 below the budget request. The Inspector 
General conducts oversight at the State Department and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors. The recommendation continues 
funding for OIG oversight of the Department's efforts to 
implement worldwide security upgrades. An additional $1,000,000 
was provided for this purpose as an emergency supplemental 
appropriation in fiscal year 1999. The recommendation includes 
$1,000,000 to continue these activities.
    The Committee recommends that the Inspector General 
exercise appropriate oversight over the appropriations for 
International Commissions and International Broadcasting funded 
under this title.
    The bill includes language, as in previous years, waiving 
the statutory requirement that every post be inspected every 
five years, in order to provide greater flexibility to the 
Inspector General to utilize resources in the most productive 
areas.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

    The bill includes a total of $175,000,000 for the 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs of the Department of 
State. The United States Information Agency previously carried 
out this activity. This amount is $27,500,000 below the fiscal 
year 1999 level, and $35,329,000 below the budget request. The 
program also expects to receive transfers from appropriations 
for Freedom Support Act exchange programs with nations of the 
former Soviet Union. In fiscal year 1999, USIA received 
transfers of approximately $84,000,000 in this account for such 
programs.
    Funding provided under this heading supports international 
educational and cultural exchange programs including the 
Fulbright student and scholar exchanges and the International 
Visitors Program, as well as staff costs to implement these and 
other exchange programs. To the maximum extent possible, the 
Committee urges that the following exchange programs be 
supported: the Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange Program, the 
Pepper Scholarships Program, the Disability Exchange 
Clearinghouse, the Mansfield Fellowship Program, Educational 
Advising and Counseling, Citizen Exchange programs, the 
Regional Scholar Exchange Program, and exchanges with Tibet, 
the South Pacific and East Timor. With respect to the Congress-
Bundestag Program, the Committee intends that the amount 
provided will support 380 exchanges in fiscal year 2000, the 
same level as in fiscal year 1999. With respect to exchanges 
with the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union 
(NIS), the Committee expects that funding provided under this 
heading shall be allocated in recognition of the amounts 
available for similar programs via transfer from other 
appropriations. The Committee supports a distribution of all 
available funds for NIS exchanges that includes support for 
graduate fellowship programs, such as the Muskie Fellowship 
program.
    Further, the Committee notes and encourages the efforts of 
the Department and other Federal government agencies to include 
in exchange programs participants from regional and local 
governments in Russia. The Committee believes such exchanges 
can provide local Russian leaders with valuable practical 
experience in the administration of local government and help 
promote democracy in Russia. The Committee notes that the 
Working Group on United States Government Sponsored 
International Exchanges and Training is charged with 
identifying the most efficient and cost-effective use of 
Federal resources for international exchanges. The Committee 
encourages the Working Group and the Department to ensure 
interagency cooperation and efficiency in carrying out all 
exchange programs, particularly those with Russia.
     The Committee recommendation includes a limitation of not 
to exceed $800,000 on the use of fees or other payments 
received from or in connection with Englishteaching and 
publication, and student advising and counseling programs as authorized 
by law.
    The Committee supports educational advising and counseling 
programs that enable foreign students to make informed choices 
about attendance at American colleges and universities. The 
Committee urges the Agency to fund these programs to the 
maximum extent possible, while continuing to encourage cost 
sharing by non-profit organizations. The Committee notes that 
amounts provided for this activity helped to leverage over 
$8,000,000,000 in spending by international students and their 
dependents in communities and higher-education institutions 
throughout the United States in the academic year 1997-8.
    The Committee supports the efforts taken by USIA to open up 
the administration of the Fulbright senior scholar program for 
competition. The steps taken to date will allow more 
organizations to compete, including those having expertise in 
specific regions of the world. The Committee encourages the 
Department of State to continue its efforts to expand 
competition in all exchange programs.
    The Committee expects that a proposal for the distribution 
of available resources among exchange programs will be 
submitted through the normal reprogramming process within 60 
days from the date of enactment of this Act.
    The Committee notes that exchange programs owe their 
success in great measure to the partnerships that exist between 
the Federal government and private, nonprofit U.S. 
organizations, as such programs are carried out through grants 
and cooperative agreements. The Committee urges the Department 
to renew and sustain the existing partnerships with U.S. 
exchange organizations, and to fully utilize the expertise and 
experience of such organizations.

                       REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES

    The Committee recommends $4,350,000 for representation 
allowances authorized by section 905 of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980. This is the same as the amount provided in the current 
fiscal year, and $1,500,000 below the budget request. These 
funds are used to reimburse Foreign Service Officers for 
expenditures incurred in their official capacities abroad in 
establishing and maintaining relations with officials of 
foreign governments and appropriate members of local 
communities. The recommendation does not include representation 
costs associated with public diplomacy programs. Those costs 
are included in the amount designated for public diplomacy 
under the Diplomatic and Consular Affairs account.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

    The Committee recommends a total of $8,100,000 for the 
Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials account. This 
amount is the same as in fiscal year 1999, and $1,390,000 below 
the budget request.
    This account reimburses local governments and communities 
for the extraordinary costs incurred in providing protection 
for international organizations, foreign missions and 
officials, and foreign dignitaries under certain circumstances. 
The Committee believes that a local jurisdiction incurring such 
costs must submit a certified billing for such costs in 
accordance with program regulations. The Committee also 
believes that in those circumstances where a local jurisdiction 
will realize a financial benefit from a visit from a foreign 
dignitary through increased tax revenues, such circumstances 
should be taken into account by the Department in assessing the 
need for reimbursement under this program. The Committee 
expects the Department to treat such submissions diligently and 
provide reimbursement to local jurisdictions on a timely basis 
if claims are fully justified.
    Of the total amount recommended, $1,333,000 is available 
for protection of foreign diplomats and their families 
throughout the United States. The Foreign Missions Act of 1982 
authorizes the provision of such services when necessary either 
at the request of a foreign mission or on the initiative of the 
Secretary of State. In these situations, where State and local 
authorities cannot provide the security required, the Act 
permits the Department of State to employ the services of 
private security firms.
    Of the total amount recommended, $6,767,000 is allocated to 
reimburse New York City for the protection of foreign missions 
and officials accredited to the United Nations and other 
international organizations. These funds provide for the costs 
of guard posts and security escort and motorcade services to 
foreign missions and personnel assigned to the United Nations.
    The bill includes language making these funds available 
until September 30, 2001, as requested in the budget.

           SECURITY AND MAINTENANCE OF UNITED STATES MISSIONS

    The Committee recommends a total appropriation of 
$717,178,000 for Security and Maintenance of United States 
Missions. This is $363,883,000 below the amount provided in 
fiscal year 1999 including emergency appropriations, and 
$30,505,000 below the budget request. The recommendation 
designates $313,617,000 as available only for priority 
worldwide security upgrades, the full amount requested for such 
activities. The recommendation includes $403,561,000, last 
year's funding level, for non-security related costs. The 
recommendation does not include $3,600,000,000 requested as an 
advance appropriation for fiscal years 2001-2005.
    This account provides funding to the Department to manage 
U.S. Government real property in over 200 countries worth an 
estimated $12,500,000,000, including maintaining 2,792 
Government-owned and long-term leased properties at 250 posts, 
and leasing approximately 1,200 office and functional 
facilities and 4,800 residential units, not only for the 
Department of State, but for all U.S. employees overseas. The 
Department's latest inspection and survey identified in excess 
of 3,500 maintenance and repair needs, as well as major 
rehabilitation requirements, totaling over $600,000,000.
    Worldwide Security Upgrades.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $313,617,000 for security projects, the full amount 
requested, including $300,000,000 for the security capital 
program. The Committee notes that the original budget request 
included only $36,000,000 for security capital projects. After 
repeated appeals from theCommittee and others, a budget 
amendment was received requesting an additional $264,000,000 for such 
projects. The recommendation provides the full amount requested, which 
will support the costs of completing four facilities, and the site 
acquisition and/or design costs for up to eight additional facilities. 
The Committee expects that a proposed spending plan for the available 
resources provided for this purpose will be submitted through the 
normal reprogramming process, and within 60 days from the date of 
enactment of this Act.
    Capital Program.--The Committee recommendation does not 
include any funding for the non-security capital program, as 
none was requested. Funds were provided in fiscal year 1999 for 
design of a new Beijing Chancery. Other costs related to that 
project are being paid from assets management funds.-
    Physical Security Upgrades.--The Committee recommends 
$16,105,000 for physical security upgrades, the amount of the 
budget request. This amount includes $10,900,000 for the 
Department's share of a joint program to acquire living 
quarters to enable the deployment of Marine Security Guards to 
selected posts that currently lack such support.
    Post Communication Support.--The Committee recommendation 
of $6,000,000 for post communication support provides the level 
appropriated in fiscal year 1999, instead of $10,210,000 as 
requested in the budget.-
    Administration.--The Committee recommendation of 
$19,161,000 for Administration of this account provides the 
fiscal year 1999 level, instead of $20,412,000 as requested.-
    The Committee continues to be concerned that the Department 
is not exercising adequate oversight regarding rehabilitation 
projects. The Committee recommendation does not include any 
funding for the ongoing rehabilitation of the Ambassador's 
residence in London. The Committee expects that project to be 
completed within the amount already provided in previous fiscal 
years. In addition, the Committee expects that every major 
rehabilitation project shall result in a facility that fully 
meets security standards, and expects such information to be 
part of the justification for every major rehabilitation 
project.
    The budget request designates $92,500,000 in assets 
management funds planned for expenditure in fiscal year 2000. 
The Committee expects that these funds will be used for the 
Tashkent chancery, and, in addition, for the Departmental 
priorities, including: Opportunity Purchases to replace 
uneconomical leases, Abuja chancery renovation, and Damascus 
chancery annex renovation. In addition, as in previous years, 
the Committee expects that assets management funds will 
continue to be allocated in part to security construction 
needs. Any use of these funds that differs from this list, or 
any use of additional funds in fiscal year 2000 is subject to 
reprogramming. In addition, with respect to the requirement 
that a reprogramming for any major new start be submitted, the 
Committee understands that requirement to mean that 
rehabilitation or construction of projects involving 
ambassadors' residences will be subject to the requirement.
    The Committee expects the Department to notify it 
immediately if there are any facilities that the Department 
believes pose serious security risks.
    The language in the bill includes a provision carried in 
the bill in previous years which prohibits funds from being 
used for acquisition of furniture and furnishings and 
generators for other departments and agencies.

           emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service

    The Committee recommends $5,500,000 to enable the Secretary 
of State to meet unforeseen emergencies arising in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service. This amount is the same as 
provided in fiscal year 1999 and $11,500,000 below the budget 
request. The Committee does not provide the requested increases 
for both evacuations and rewards, and notes that the Department 
received emergency supplemental appropriations of $12,929,000 
in fiscal year 1999, in addition to the base appropriation of 
$5,500,000. Funding provided in this account is available until 
expended.
    The Committee has included a provision in the bill that 
permits up to $1,000,000 to be transferred from this account to 
the Repatriation Loans Program account, as requested in the 
budget. This provision will ensure an adequate level of 
resources for loans to American citizens through the 
Repatriation Loans Program account should that account require 
additional funds in fiscal year 2000 due to an unanticipated 
increase in the number of loans needed.
    The appropriation provides resources for the Department of 
State to meet emergency requirements in the conduct of foreign 
affairs. The Committee recommendation provides funds for: (1) 
travel and subsistence expenses for relocation of American 
employees of the United States Government and their families 
from troubled areas to the United States and/or safe-haven 
posts; (2) allowances granted to State Department employees and 
their dependents evacuated to the United States for the 
convenience of the Government; and (3) payment of rewards for 
information concerning terrorist activities.

                   repatriation loans program account

    The Committee has included $593,000 for the subsidy cost of 
repatriation loans, which is the same as in the current fiscal 
year and the budget request, and $607,000 for administrative 
costs of the program as authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2671, which is 
the same as the budget request and the amount provided in the 
current fiscal year.
    This account provides emergency loans to assist destitute 
Americans abroad who have no other source of funds to return to 
the United States.

              payment to the american institute in taiwan

    The accompanying bill includes $14,750,000 for the 
appropriation entitled, ``Payment to the American Institute in 
Taiwan''. This amount is the same as the current year amount, 
and $1,010,000 below the budget request. In addition, the 
Institute is authorized to collect machine readable visa fees, 
which are expected to generate an additional $10,000,000 in 
revenues in fiscal year 2000, as well as reimbursements from 
agencies and user fees from trade show exhibitors.
    The Committee requested and received a report in fiscal 
year 1999 on steps taken to rectify management weaknesses, the 
financial outlook of the Institute, and the building fund the 
Institute has created. The report indicates that the Department 
is taking action to revise the AIT contract, and to establish 
better oversight by the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific 
Affairs. The report also indicates that the Institute allocates 
approximately 80%of visa fee revenues to operational expenses. 
The Committee believes that AIT can cover anticipated operating 
expenses in fiscal year 2000 through a combination of appropriations 
and visa fee revenue, and encourages the Institute to continue to 
pursue cost saving measures, including the reduction of American and 
foreign national personnel, where appropriate. The Committee expects 
the Department to submit by December 31, 1999, an AIT spending plan for 
fiscal year 2000, indicating the total amount planned for operating 
expenses from all funding sources.
    The Committee also notes that at the end of fiscal year 
1999, the building fund maintained by the Institute totals 
approximately $20,000,000. The Committee understands that AIT 
estimates the cost of a new facility at $60,000,000 to 
$80,000,000.
    The Taiwan Relations Act requires that programs concerning 
Taiwan be carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan and 
authorizes funds to be appropriated to the Secretary of State 
to carry out the provisions of the Act. The Institute 
administers programs in the areas of economic and commercial 
services, cultural affairs, travel services, and logistics. The 
Department of State contracts with the American Institute in 
Taiwan to carry out these activities.

     payment to the foreign service retirement and disability fund

    The Committee recommends $128,541,000 for the appropriation 
entitled, ``Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and 
Disability Fund''. This amount is the full budget request and 
is $3,959,000 below the amount appropriated for the current 
fiscal year. The amount provided in the Committee 
recommendation is required to amortize the unfunded liability 
in the system, as documented by the annual evaluation of Fund 
balances.
    This appropriation, which is considered mandatory for 
budget scorekeeping purposes, is authorized by the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 which provides for an appropriation to the 
Fund in 30 equal annual installments of the amount required for 
the unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of 
beneficiaries or increased salaries on which benefits are 
computed. The Retirement Fund is maintained through 
contributions by participants; matching government 
contributions; special government contributions, including this 
account; interest on investments; and voluntary contributions.

              International Organizations and Conferences


              contributions to international organizations

    The bill includes a total of $842,937,000 for payment of 
the obligations of United States membership in international 
organizations as authorized by conventions, treaties, or 
specific Acts of Congress for fiscal year 2000. This is 
$120,371,000 below the request, and $79,063,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999. Arrearages are addressed 
under a separate account.
    The amount provided in the bill is intended to cover the 
requested level for all assessments for membership in 
international organizations that are on a deferred payment 
schedule, including the United Nations. In addition, the amount 
provides the requested level for assessments for membership in 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the related North 
Atlantic Assembly, existing United Nations War Crimes 
Tribunals, the Organization of American States, and the Pan 
American Health Organization.
    Over the past several months, estimates of the amount 
required to cover fiscal year 2000 assessments have varied 
based on the most recent foreign currency exchange rates for 
the dollar, which has risen in value since the budget request 
was formulated. The Committee recommendation is based on a 
downward adjustment of the fiscal year 2000 request by 
$20,000,000 based on exchange rate fluctuations, and also 
reflects the application of $30,502,000 in available balances 
from fiscal year 1999 that the Committee directs the Department 
to apply to the fiscal year 2000 assessment for the United 
Nations regular budget. In addition, the Committee 
recommendation does not include $8,000,000 requested as a 
contingency fund in the event of unfavorable exchange rate 
fluctuations.
    With the exceptions noted above, the recommendation does 
not include funds to pay assessments for membership in those 
other international organizations that are not on a deferred 
payment schedule. The recommendation assumes that those 
assessments will be paid from fiscal year 2001 appropriations, 
with the exception of requested assessments for the 
Interparliamentary Union, the Bureau of International 
Expositions, and the Inter-American Indian Institute, which the 
Committee does fund. The total amount requested for assessments 
for those three organizations is $641,000.
    The Committee continues to insist on reform as the highest 
priority for all of the international organizations. The 
Committee notes that the pending authorization requires a 
number of reforms as conditions on the payment of arrears. The 
Committee believes that the onus is on each international 
organization and the State Department representatives to those 
organizations to reduce overall budgets and eliminate 
duplicative activities, administrative costs and inefficient 
operations. The Department is directed to report to the 
Committee by January 25, 2000, on the results achieved to date 
in each organization, including but not limited to the adoption 
of zero nominal growth budgets and procedures requiring that a 
budget level agreed to at the beginning of a cycle will be 
maintained, and establishment of program evaluation and sunset 
procedures. The report shall also identify any reforms 
undertaken by any international organization that can be 
recommended generally for other organizations.
    Current year United Nations assessment.--As indicated, the 
funding level assumes full payment of the U.S. assessment to 
the United Nations regular budget, as has been provided every 
year since fiscal year 1989. However, in order to assure that 
the United Nations lives up to the fiscal discipline that the 
Congress has insisted upon, the bill continues language, 
similar to that contained in last year's bill, that conditions 
release of $100,000,000 of the current year assessment for the 
United Nations on a semi-annual certification by the Secretary 
of State that the United Nations has taken no action to 
increase funding for any United Nations program without 
identifying an offsetting decrease elsewhere in the United 
Nations budget and cause the United Nations to exceed either 
its 1998-1999 budget of $2,533,000,000, or a zero nominal 
growth budget for the 2000-2001 biennium. -
    The Committee continues to believe that additional reforms 
are required at the United Nations and other international 
organizations. A series of reform requirements is pending as 
part of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
2000 and 2001. Inview of that, the Committee has not at this 
time recommended additional conditions relating to reforms that must be 
achieved. However, the Committee directs the Department to insist on 
maintaining any reforms that have been achieved to date and report to 
the Committee on any actions taken that threaten the maintenance of 
such reforms, including the maintenance of reduced staffing levels at 
the United Nations.-
    In addition, the Committee again notes that the budget does 
not include a tax equalization fund reduction that previous 
budgets have included. The Committee believes that a tax 
equalization adjustment could further reduce the amount needed 
to fully pay assessments in fiscal year 2000. Such an 
adjustment may be an available source of funding, should 
additional funds be required to fully pay assessments.
    Other issues.--The Committee continues to support the work 
done by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). In light 
of the destruction resulting from Hurricane Mitch and other 
problems in the region, the Committee is concerned that a 
reallocation of regional funds by the World Health Organization 
will impact programs supported by PAHO in Latin America and the 
Caribbean. The Committee encourages the Department to assure 
full funding for PAHO programs in this region.
    In addition, the bill includes language carried in previous 
years stating that payment of arrearages shall be directed 
toward special activities that are mutually agreed upon by the 
U.S. and the respective international organization.

        contributions for international peacekeeping activities

    The Committee recommendation includes $200,000,000 for 
United States payments for Contributions for International 
Peacekeeping Activities for fiscal year 2000, a reduction of 
$31,000,000 from the amount provided in fiscal year 1999, and a 
reduction of $35,000,000 from the amount requested in the 
budget. Assessments will be paid at the rate of 25 percent, 
which is one of the major reforms that has been achieved in the 
peacekeeping area. Arrearage payments are addressed under a 
separate heading.
    The recommended amount is sufficient to provide for 
assessments for ongoing missions at the levels requested in the 
budget. Within the amount provided, the Committee does not 
specifically approve the amounts requested for certain 
peacekeeping missions whose mandate is expiring, and for which 
information on future plans has not been provided, including 
Western Sahara and Haiti. Funding for these missions in fiscal 
year 2000 from within the overall amount available in this 
appropriation account is subject to reprogramming. In addition, 
the recommendation does not include requested funding for 
missions in Angola and Macedonia that have been terminated 
since the time of the request. Any funding required for these 
terminated missions in fiscal year 2000 is subject to 
reprogramming. Finally, the Committee notes that the 
recommendation does not include funding for the mission in the 
Central African Republic, as none was requested for this 
mission, which is scheduled to expire before fiscal year 2000.
    Over the past several years, assessments have been reduced 
on the order of $20,000,000 annually because of credits for 
unencumbered balances in existing missions, which arise as 
particular operations spend less than their budgets, and 
assessments are then credited with the unspent amount. 
Consequently, the Committee is confident that the recommended 
amount will fully fund the level of activity included in the 
budget request.
    The Committee notes, however, that the Department has not 
requested funding for requirements that may result from votes 
to create new missions, expand existing missions or extend 
expiring missions. Within recent months, new missions have been 
created in Kosovo and East Timor, for which no funding was 
requested in the fiscal year 2000 budget.
    In fiscal year 1995, the annual cost of peacekeeping to the 
United States amounted to approximately $1,100,000,000. The 
reduced costs in the years since result in part from an 
increased discipline, and a narrowing of the scope of what 
United Nations peacekeeping can realistically hope to achieve. 
Therefore, the Administration's tendency to vote to extend 
moribund missions and establish new missions irrespective of 
Congressional input, or the availability of funding to pay for 
them, concerns the Committee. The Committee understands that 
the U.S. assessment for fiscal year 2000 for the Kosovo 
peacekeeping mission could total as much as $150,000,000. To 
date the Committee has not received a proposal from the 
Administration as to how that requirement will be paid. In 
order to avoid a return to the era of large assessments and 
arrearages, the Committee directs the Department to live within 
the appropriation, and to take no action in terms of extending 
existing missions or creating new missions for which funding is 
not available.
    In addition, the Committee is concerned with actions being 
taken at the United Nations to convert positions which have 
been filled by ``loaned'' employees at the expense of the 
volunteering country to permanent positions paid for out of 
assessments. This action needlessly increases the cost of 
peacekeeping, and serves no purpose other than to create a 
larger bureaucracy at the United Nations. The Department is 
directed to take all actions necessary to prevent this from 
happening.
    Finally, the Committee acknowledges the efforts of the 
United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) to 
identify waste, fraud and abuse in regard to peacekeeping 
operations, and to recommend specific reforms to ensure that 
such practices are brought to an end. The Committee is 
concerned that despite OIOS findings of gross mismanagement and 
fraud in the Angola peacekeeping operation, those findings have 
not yet resulted in disciplinary actions or prosecutions. The 
Committee is encouraged by statements from the Secretariat 
regarding the intention of the U.N. to seek prosecution in 
court where sufficient evidence of fraud exists, and awaits 
further evidence of follow-through to establish a standard of 
accountability in the management of peacekeeping operations. 
The Committee directs the Department to provide the necessary 
support to ensure that the work of the OIOS is maintained and 
strengthened as it relates to oversight of peacekeeping 
operations.
    The bill retains language carried in previous years, 
requiring 15-day advance notice of any new or expanded mission, 
together with a statement of cost, duration, exit strategy, 
vital national interest, and source of funds to pay the cost. 
The bill also retains language requiring certification that 
American manufacturers and suppliers are provided equal 
procurement opportunities. The bill does not include requested 
language making appropriations available until expended.

                           arrearage payments

    The Committee recommends a total of $351,000,000 for 
payment of arrearages to the United Nations in fiscal year 
2000, and for reduction of the indebtedness of the United 
Nations to the United States tied to a corresponding reduction 
in arrearages. The recommended amount is provided subject to 
authorization, and specifically to the requirements that the 
U.S. assessment rates for the designated specialized agencies 
of the U.N. (the International Labor Organization, World Health 
Organization, and Food and Agriculture Organization) are 
reduced to no more than 22 percent, and that the designated 
specialized agencies of the U.N. have achieved zero nominal 
growth in their biennial budgets for 2000-2001 from the 1998-
1999 biennial budget levels. The Administration request for 
fiscal year 2000 included $446,000,000 for arrearages.
    The fiscal year 1998 and 1999 appropriations bills included 
$100,000,000 and $475,000,000, respectively, for arrearages, 
subject to authorization. The recommended amount for fiscal 
year 2000 is in accord with the agreement reached as part of 
the Balanced Budget negotiations in 1997, and would fully meet 
the amount of arrearages in the pending Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001.
    The recommendation includes $244,000,000 for payment of 
arrearages for U.N. peacekeeping and for other international 
organizations. The $54,000,000 provided in fiscal year 1998 for 
payment of arrearages under the U.N. regular budget was 
sufficient to cover the total amount the Department of State 
indicates is owed under the regular budget. All remaining U.N. 
arrearages relate to peacekeeping. These peacekeeping 
arrearages arose primarily in fiscal year 1995, when spending 
for peacekeeping missions exceeded the appropriated amount by 
$672,000,000. The Administration proposed a supplemental 
appropriation in fiscal year 1995, but failed to identify 
offsets to pay for it, and as a result, the Congress did not 
act on the request.
    The Committee notes that the arrearage payments to 
international organizations will represent unanticipated 
increases to the operating accounts of those organizations. The 
Committee directs the Department to provide a report on the 
status of such payments to international organizations other 
than the U.N., and the programs and activities that those funds 
will support.
    In order to assure that real and substantial reforms are 
achieved at the U.N. prior to payment of arrearage funding, the 
Committee has recommended that these funds become available 
upon enactment of an authorization that makes payment of 
arrearages contingent upon U.N. reform. To be sure that 
assessment reductions are part of the reforms that will be put 
into place, the Committee has also explicitly required the 
assessment reductions for the designated specialized agencies 
as one reform that specifically needs to be achieved prior to 
the release of these funds. Assessment reductions will provide 
long-term savings to the American taxpayer. In addition, the 
Committee has explicitly required the achievement of zero 
nominal growth budgets at the designated specialized agencies.
    The recommendation also provides that, subject to 
authorization and the conditions noted above, not to exceed 
$107,000,000, which is currently owed by the U.N. to the U.S., 
shall be used to reduce the total amount of arrearages owed to 
the U.N. This permits the President to forgive up to 
$107,000,000 in debt currently owed to the U.S. In order to 
forgive this debt the U.N. must reduce its record of U.S. 
arrears by the amount of the debt forgiven by the U.S.

                       International Commissions


 international boundary and water commission, united states and mexico

    The bill includes a total of $25,301,000 for the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and 
Mexico (IBWC). This amount is $189,000 below the amount 
provided in fiscal year 1999, and $3,547,000 less than the 
total budget request for fiscal year 2000. The total amount 
provided includes $19,551,000 for Salaries and Expenses and 
$5,750,000 for Construction.

                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommendation for the Salaries and Expenses 
account is $19,551,000, the same amount provided in fiscal year 
1999 and $862,000 less than the budget request.
    The amount provided includes funding for the operation and 
maintenance costs of the South Bay International Wastewater 
Treatment Plant, which is now in full operation. The Committee 
notes that the Commission expects to receive an estimated 
$3,200,000 via reimbursement from the Department of Energy and 
other sources to offset operational costs in this account for 
specific activities.
    The recommendation includes language authorizing not to 
exceed $6,000 for representation expenses.

                              construction

    The Committee recommendation for IBWC Construction provides 
$5,750,000, which is $189,000 below the amount provided in the 
current fiscal year and $2,685,000 below the budget request.
    The recommendation provides the requested level of funding 
for ongoing projects as follows: facilities renovation--
$425,000; American canal extension--$2,625,000; Rio Grande 
canalization--$1,750,000; and the Colorado River Project--
$950,000. No funding is provided for new project start-ups 
proposed in the budget request. Any reallocation of funding, 
including allocation of funding to a new project or projects 
may be proposed to the Committee under the reprogramming 
procedures set forth in section 605 of this Act.
    The Committee is aware that despite the operation of the 
South Bay International Wastewater Treatment Plant at full 
capacity, there is still concern that coastal areas may be 
threatened by untreated wastewater, and that responding to this 
concern could have a significant impact on IBWC funding 
requirements under this account. The Committee directs the IBWC 
to submit a report on this situation by October 1, 1999.

              american sections, international commissions

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,733,000 to fund the 
U.S. share of expenses of the International Boundary 
Commission, the International Joint Commission, United States 
and Canada, and the Border Environment Cooperation Commission 
for fiscal year 2000. This amount is the same as provided in 
fiscal year 1999 and $760,000 below the budget request, and 
includes $761,000 for the International Boundary Commission, 
$3,432,000 for the International Joint Commission and 
$1,540,000 for the Border Environment Cooperation Commission.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $14,549,000 to fund the 
U.S. share of the expenses of eight international fisheries 
commissions, three international marine science sea 
organizations, and one international council, travel expenses 
of the United States commissioners and their advisors, and 
salary payments to non-government employees of the Pacific 
Salmon Commission for days actually worked as commissioners and 
panel members and alternates. This is the same amount provided 
in fiscal year 1999 and $2,153,000 below the budget request. If 
necessary, reductions may be taken from those commissions where 
the United States overmatches its share of the budget compared 
with contributions from other countries.

                                 Other


                     PAYMENT TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $8,000,000 for 
payment to the Asia Foundation for fiscal year 1999, $250,000 
below the amount provided in fiscal year 1999, and $7,000,000 
below the budget request.
    The decrease below fiscal year 1999 funding reflects the 
nonrecurring costs of a one-time pilot project on 
interparliamentary exchanges.
    The Asia Foundation is a private, nonprofit institution the 
purpose of which is to stimulate Asian democratic development 
and assist the peoples of Asian countries to shape their own 
destinies.

           EISENHOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM TRUST FUND

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2000 of interest and earnings from the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Program Trust Fund, expected to total $525,000.
    The Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 authorized a 
permanent endowment for the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program to increase educational opportunities for young leaders 
in preparation for and enhancement of their professional 
careers and to advance peace through international 
understanding. The Act established the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Program Trust Fund in the United States Treasury for 
these purposes. A total of $7,500,000 has been provided to 
establish a permanent endowment for the program, from which the 
appropriation of interest and earnings is provided to 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated.

                    ISRAELI ARAB SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends language in the accompanying bill 
that will appropriate for fiscal year 2000 interest and 
earnings of the Israeli Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund 
expected to total $350,000. This is the full budget request and 
the same as was provided in fiscal year 1999 under the U.S. 
Information Agency. A permanent endowment of $4,978,500 for the 
Fund was established in fiscal year 1992 with funds made 
available to the United States Information Agency under section 
556(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related 
Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, as amended. The income from 
the endowment is to be used for a program of scholarships for 
Israeli Arabs to attend institutions of higher education in the 
United States.

                            EAST-WEST CENTER

    The Committee does not recommend funding for maintaining 
and operating the East-West Center. The budget contained a 
request of $12,500,000, and in fiscal year 1999, $12,500,000 
was provided.
    Because of budget constraints, the Committee does not 
recommend continued funding for the East-West Center as a sole-
source appropriation to a private organization affiliated with 
a university. The purpose of the Center is to promote better 
relations and understanding between the United States and the 
nations of Asia and the Pacific through cooperative programs of 
research, study and training.
    The Center started receiving a direct subsidy from the 
Federal government in fiscal year 1961. Over the past ten 
years, the Federal government has provided approximately 
$200,000,000 for its operation.
    The Center can solicit private contributions and compete 
for other Federal grants to support its activities, and has 
embarked on a plan to increase private contributions. The 
termination of funding in this account does not therefore 
necessarily mean the dissolution of the Center.

                           NORTH/SOUTH CENTER

    The Committee does not recommend funding for continued 
support of the operations of the North/South Center. The budget 
contained a request of $2,500,000, and $1,750,000 was provided 
in fiscal year 1999.
    Because of budget constraints, the committee cannot 
recommend continued funding for this sole-source appropriation 
to a non-governmental organization affiliated with a 
university. The mission of the Center is to promote, through 
cultural and technical exchange, better relations among the 
United States, Canada, and the nations of Latin America and the 
Caribbean.
    The Center started receiving a direct subsidy from the 
Federal government in 1991. Since that time, the Federal 
government has provided $42,145,000 for its operations. Prior 
to 1991, the Center operated on private funding, and competed 
for and received project-specific Federal grants. The Center 
can solicit private donations and compete for Federal grants 
available to support its programs and research, as it did prior 
to 1991. The termination of funding in this account does not 
therefore necessarily mean the dissolution of the Center.

                    NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY

    The Committee recommends $31,000,000 for the National 
Endowment for Democracy for fiscal year 2000, the same as the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999 under the U.S. Information 
Agency, and $1,000,000 below the budget request.
    The National Endowment for Democracy is a private, non-
profit corporation established to encourage and strengthen the 
development of democratic institutions and processes 
internationally through private-sector initiatives, training, 
and other activities, including those which promote pluralism, 
democratic governance, civic education, human rights, and 
respect for the rule of law. The Endowment does not carry out 
programs directly, but provides funding for projects which are 
determined to be in the national interest of the United States 
and which are administered by private organizations and 
groups.-

                             RELATED AGENCY


                    Broadcasting Board of Governors


                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommends $410,404,000 to carry out United 
States International Broadcasting Operations for fiscal year 
2000. This is $21,318,000 below the budget request and 
$25,944,000 above the amounts provided for international 
broadcasting operations in fiscal year 1999. The increase above 
the 1999 level is due to the $33,236,000 included in the 
recommendation, as requested, representing a transfer of 
management costs from USIA base funding necessary to allow the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) to function as an 
independent agency. The Committee recommendation includes 
funding for all international broadcasting under this account 
as requested in the budget. In fiscal year 1999 funding for 
broadcasting to Cuba was appropriated in a separate account. 
Under the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994, 
all broadcasting activities are under the oversight of the BBG. 
The Committee recommendation appropriates this funding directly 
to the BBG, instead of to USIA, as in prior years.
    The Committee recommendation does not provide any of the 
program increases in the budget request, and represents an 
across-the-board freeze for all activities in this account as 
follows:
    Voice of America.--The recommendation provides $105,735,000 
for VOA. The BBG may, within this amount, allocate funding for 
Radio Democracy for Africa. The Committee approved the use of 
$1,000,000 in fiscal year 1999 for this program. The Committee 
supports this program initiative in the context of a worldwide 
strategy of prioritizing radio broadcasting to regions where 
potential impact is greatest.
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.--The recommendation 
provides $67,890,000 for RFE/RL, which includes the full 
requested amounts for broadcasting to Iraq and Iran.
    Radio Free Asia.--The recommendation provides $22,000,000 
for RFA, the same amount as provided in fiscal year 1999. The 
Committee believes that this funding level will allow RFA to 
continue the expanded level of broadcasting to China supported 
in fiscal year 1999. The Committee notes that the BBG may 
propose to use carryover balances, under the reprogramming 
requirements in section 605 of the Act, to increase the amount 
of planned expenditures in fiscal year 2000.
    Broadcasting to Cuba.--The recommendation provides 
$22,095,000, the same amount as provided in fiscal year 1999. 
The Committee notes that the BBG may propose to use carryover 
balances under the reprogramming requirements in section 605 of 
the Act, to increase the amount of planned expenditures in 
fiscal year 2000. The Committee notes that a recent Office of 
Inspector General report put forth recommendations regarding 
internal management controls at Radio Marti to ensure adherence 
to broadcast standards. The Committee directs the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors to submit to the Committee by March 31, 
2000, a report including Broadcasting Board of Governors and 
Office of Cuba Broadcasting responses to these recommendations 
and indicating management actions, if any, taken in response to 
the recommendations.
    The Committee believes that there will be other 
opportunities to achieve savings in this account including 
gains resulting from exchange rate fluctuations. Such savings 
are subject to the usual reprogramming procedures under section 
605 of this Act. The Broadcasting Board of Governors is 
directed to provide its plan for the expenditure of funds under 
this account to the Committee within 60 days from the enactment 
of this Act.

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

    The bill includes $11,258,000 in new budget authority for 
this account, which is renamed, as proposed in the budget 
request. This account was previously titled ``Radio 
Construction''. The recommendation is $1,987,000 below the 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999, and $9,610,000 below the 
budget request. The amount recommended will provide for 
maintenance, improvements, replacements and repairs, satellite 
and terrestrial program feeds, and broadcast facility leases 
and land rentals.
    In fiscal year 2000, with the completion of funding for the 
Pacific Island Relay Station in the Northern Mariana Islands, 
there will be no funding required for completion of major 
projects.-
    The remaining funds in this account are provided for 
maintenance, repair and modernization of equipment to keep the 
broadcasting infrastructure operational. The major element in 
the proposed modernization funding is to move forward on 
digital processing and distribution, which is required to 
replace the current analog system. The Committee recognizes 
that the recommendation for fiscal year 2000 will allow only 
the highest priorities in the digital modernization effort to 
go forward. The Committee expects to be kept informed about 
ongoing efforts to re-evaluate the plans, priorities and 
funding requirements for the digital project.
    The Committee notes that the BBG expects significant 
carryover balances to be available under this account in fiscal 
year 2000.

       General Provisions--Department of State and Related Agency

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of State similar to the provisions that were 
included in the fiscal year 1999 Appropriations Act:
    Section 401 of the bill permits funds appropriated in this 
Act for the Department of State to be available for allowances 
and differentials as authorized by subchapter 59 of 5 U.S.C.; 
for services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109; and hire of 
passenger transportation pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 1343(b).
    Section 402 of the bill permits up to five percent of any 
State Department appropriation to be transferred to another 
State Department appropriation, but no program can be increased 
by more than ten percent, and also provides the same authority 
to the Broadcasting Board of Governors. In addition, the 
language provides that any transfer pursuant to this subsection 
shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 
of the accompanying bill and shall not be available for 
obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the 
procedures set forth in that section.
    Section 403 of the bill allows the Secretary of State to 
administer summer travel/work programs without regard to 
preplacement requirements of the ``J'' visa.
    Section 405 of the bill prohibits the use of funds by the 
Department of State or the Broadcasting Board of Governors to 
provide assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation.
    In addition, the Committee recommendation includes the 
following new general provision.-
    Section 404 of the bill makes permanent a provision carried 
in the fiscal year 1999 bill waiving the fee for border 
crossing cards for children under 15.

                       TITLE V--RELATED AGENCIES


                      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

    The Committee recommends $1,687,591,000 in new budget 
(obligational) authority in the accompanying bill for the 
Related Agencies in this Title for fiscal year 2000. This 
amount is $168,777,000 below the current year appropriation, 
and $510,982,000 below the budget request.

                        Maritime Administration

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$177,128,000 in new budget authority for the Maritime 
Administration for fiscal year 2000, as described below:

                       maritime security program

    The Committee recommends $98,700,000 for the Maritime 
Security Program, as requested, an increase of $9,050,000 above 
the amount made available in 1999. The recommendation will 
provide all the resources necessary for the operation of the 
program through fiscal year 2000. The purpose of the Maritime 
Security Program is to maintain and preserve a U.S. flag 
merchant fleet to serve the national security needs of the 
United States. The program provides direct payments to U.S.-
flag ship operators engaged in U.S.-foreign trade. 
Participating operators are required to keep the vessels in 
active commercial service and are required to provide 
intermodal sealift support to the Department of Defense in 
times of war or national emergency. This program is funded 
under the allocation for national security programs.
    The Committee recommendation provides funding for payments 
to U.S. carriers for 47 ships, capped at $2,100,000 per ship, 
per year.

                        operations and training

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $69,303,000 to 
fund programs under the Operations and Training account for the 
Maritime Administration (MARAD). This amount is a reduction of 
$2,861,000 from the budget request and is the same level 
appropriated for the current fiscal year. This account provides 
funding for the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, the State 
maritime schools, and MARAD operations.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding for the 
operation and maintenance of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy 
at $32,000,000, the fiscal year 1999 level. The Committee has 
not provided the requested program increase of $150,000 to 
conduct a needs assessment for infrastructure improvements at 
the Academy. However, the Committee directs MARAD to conduct 
this study within the amount provided for MARAD general 
administration in this acccount.
    The recommendation includes funding for State Maritime 
Schools at $6,750,000, the fiscal year 1999 level. The 
Committee notes that MARAD has not yet submitted the 
information on Maritime Education and Training requested in the 
report accompanying the fiscal year 1999 House bill. This 
information shall be submitted to the Committee by October 1, 
1999, and shall include recommendations on funding alternatives 
for the Student Incentive Payment program.
    The Committee notes that in addition to the funds provided 
for State academies under this account, two of the five State 
school ships are now being funded under the Ready Reserve Force 
program.
    The Committee recommendation includes $29,000,000 for 
operating programs and general administration of MARAD, the 
same level as in fiscal year 1999.

                    maritime guaranteed loan program

    The Committee has included a total of $9,125,000 in the 
bill for the Maritime Guaranteed Loan (Title XI) Program. This 
amount is $768,000 below the budget request, and is $600,000 
less than the amount provided in fiscal year 1999. The 
recommendation also includes a total program limitation of 
$1,000,000,000.
    The amount provided includes $5,400,000 in subsidies for 
the guaranteed loan program, which when combined with carryover 
balances, may provide a total program level of up to 
$1,000,000,000. The Committee understands that MARAD expects to 
carry over approximately $50,000,000 which may be used as 
fiscal year 2000 subsidy budget authority. The Committee 
directs that MARAD shall not make commitments exceeding the 
$1,000,000,000 program limitation in FY 2000, including 
commitments made with appropriations from previous fiscal 
years, without prior notification of the Committee in 
accordance with section 605 reprogramming procedures. The 
Committee further directs MARAD to submit quarterly reports to 
the Committee on Title XI obligations, including information on 
total loan principal guaranteed by each separate fiscal year's 
subsidy appropriation.
    Also, the Committee notes that the amount of loans that the 
appropriation supports depends upon the risk factor in the 
loans that MARAD approves. To the extent that the program 
concentrates on lower-risk loans, the appropriation will 
support a higher total program level, and any risk of default 
will be decreased. The Committee urges MARAD to continue to 
ensure that any loan guarantees issued under this program meet 
the economic soundness requirement under Title XI.
    The amount provided also includes $3,725,000 for 
administrative expenses related to this program, the same 
amount provided in fiscal year 1999, and a reduction of 
$168,000 below the budget request. The amount provided for 
administrative expenses may be transferred to and merged with 
appropriations for MARAD operations and training on a 
reimbursable basis to cover the common overhead expenses 
associated with maritime guaranteed loans.

                       administrative provisions

    The bill includes several administrative provisions 
involving Government property controlled by MARAD, the 
accounting for certain funds received by MARAD, and a 
prohibition on obligations from the MARAD construction fund. 
These provisions have been carried in appropriations Acts for 
the Maritime Administration for several years. The 
recommendation does not include language carried in previous 
years regarding treatment of credits to the construction fund.

      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $265,000 for the expenses of the 
Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad. 
This amount is the same as the level provided in fiscal year 
1999 and in the budget request. The recommendation will allow 
the Commission to fund its administrative expenses through 
appropriated funds while relying on privately donated funds for 
the actual purchase and restoration of property. The Committee 
notes and encourages the efforts of the Commission to attract 
additional funding to restore the old Jewish Cemetery in 
Sarajevo, heavily damaged during the war in Bosnia.
    The purpose of the Commission is to encourage the 
preservation of cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings 
associated with the foreign heritage of the American people.

                       Commission on Civil Rights


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $8,900,000 for 
the Salaries and Expenses of the Commission on Civil Rights for 
fiscal year 2000. The amount recommended is $2,100,000 less 
than the budget request and the same amount provided in the 
current year appropriation.
    The Commission, established by the Civil Rights Act of 
1957, is an independent, bipartisan, fact-finding agency 
directed by eight part-time commissioners. The Commission was 
created to protect the civil rights of people within the U.S. 
The ways the Commission accomplishes this mission include the 
investigation of charges of citizens being deprived of voting 
rights, and the collection, study and dissemination of 
information on the impact of Federal laws and policies on civil 
rights.
    The Committee notes that the Commission conducted a public 
hearing on May 26, 1999, focusing on Police Practices and Civil 
Rights in New York City. The Committee understands that the 
Commission intends to publish a report regarding the New York 
hearing in December 1999, and directs the Commission to 
expedite the completion of this report.
    The Committee expects the Commission to continue to keep 
the Committee informed on the status of management 
improvements, including developing the ability to plan and 
budget for projects and track the progress and ongoing costs of 
such projects.
    The Committee recommends bill language which provides (1) 
up to $50,000 to employ consultants; (2) a prohibition against 
reimbursing commissioners for more than 75 billable days with 
the exception of the chairperson who is permitted 125 billable 
days; and (3) a limitation of four full-time positions under 
schedule C of the Excepted Service exclusive of one special 
assistant for each commissioner.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,170,000 for 
the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, a 
decrease of $80,000 below the request and the same amount 
provided in the current fiscal year appropriation. The 
Committee notes that the Commission anticipates that sufficient 
carryover funding will be available for obligation in fiscal 
year 2000 to fully fund the level of operational expenses 
anticipated in the budget request.
    The Commission was established in 1976 to monitor 
compliance with the final act of the Conference on Security and 
Cooperation in Europe with particular regard to provisions 
dealing with humanitarian affairs.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends $279,000,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission for 
fiscal year 2000. This amount is $33,000,000 below the request, 
and the same amount provided in the current year appropriation.
    The Committee expects that the recommended funding level 
will allow the EEOC to continue reducing the backlog of pending 
charges, and expanding the use of alternative dispute 
resolution (ADR) techniques, including mediation and ``early 
resolution''. The Committee notes that the EEOC did not include 
funds for ``employment testers'' activities in the fiscal year 
2000 request, and the Committee understands that the Commission 
does not intend to use any fiscal year 2000 appropriations for 
``employment testers'' activities. The Committee recognizes 
that the EEOC is identifying activities to more fairly, 
effectively and efficiently enforce laws on employment 
discrimination, including an emphasis on the needs of small 
businesses, mediation, outreach and education to prevent 
discrimination, and strategic initiatives to enforce 
nondiscrimination laws. The Committee supports continued 
funding for the Commission to ensure equal employment 
opportunity in the workplace.
    The Committee expects the EEOC to submit a spending plan to 
the Committee in accordance with section 605 of this Act before 
December 31, 1999, describing the allocation of funding to 
various Commission activities, including private sector charge 
backlog reduction, ADR and mediation initiatives, litigation, 
and automation improvements. The Committee notes that in the 
past the Commission's budget presentation and expenditure plans 
have contained inaccurate budget and workload projections, and 
inadequately explained Commission activities. The Committee 
appreciates the commitment of the Chairwoman to improve the 
EEOC's financial management and budgeting, and the accuracy and 
completeness of materials submitted to the Committee.
    The Committee notes that the State and local Fair 
Employment Practices Agencies (FEPAs) will resolve an estimated 
53,600 charges in fiscal year 2000. The bill includes language 
similar to that included in previous appropriations Acts 
allowing up to $29,000,000 for payments to State and local 
FEPAs. The Committee encourages the EEOC to utilize the 
experience the FEPAs have in mediation, as the Commission 
implements its ADR programs. The Committee is willing to 
entertain proposals in the spending plan to reprogram 
additional funds to the FEPAs for this purpose.
    The Committee again expresses concern regarding the 
achievement of private sector charge backlog reduction targets. 
The Commission's fiscal year 1999 budget request estimated that 
with additional resources the Commission could reduce the 
backlog to 28,457 charges by the end of fiscal year 2000. The 
Committee remains committed to this backlog reduction target, 
and expects the Commission's spending plan to allocate 
available funds, as necessary, to achieve this target. The EEOC 
may be able to achieve even greater backlog reductions 
depending on the intake rate for new charges and the extent to 
which ``early resolution'' methods are adopted.
    The bill also includes language similar to that included in 
previous appropriations Acts allowing non-monetary awards to 
private citizens, and up to $2,500 for official reception and 
representation expenses.

                   Federal Communications Commission


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$192,000,000 for the Salaries and Expenses of the Federal 
Communications Commission (FCC) for fiscal year 2000, of which 
$185,754,000 is to be derived from offsetting fee collections, 
resulting in a direct appropriation of $6,246,000. The 
recommended total budget authority is $38,887,000 below the 
request, and the same as the current year appropriation.
    The Committee directs the Commission to submit, no later 
than December 15, 1999, a financial plan proposing a 
distribution of all funds in this account, subject to the 
reprogramming requirements under section 605 of this Act.
    The Committee recommendation includes bill language, 
similar to that included in previous appropriations Acts, which 
allows: (1) up to $600,000 for land and structure; (2) up to 
$500,000 for care of grounds and buildings; (3) up to $4,000 
for official reception and representation expenses; (4) up to 
$300,000 for research and policy studies to remain available 
until September 30, 2001; (5) purchase of uniforms and 
acquisition of vehicles; (6) special counsel fees; (7) 
collection of $185,754,000 in section 9 fees; (8) the sum 
appropriated to be reduced as section 9 fees are collected; (9) 
fees collected in excess of $185,754,000 to be available in 
fiscal year 2001.
    The Committee does not adopt the proposal in the budget 
request to amend the Communications Act of 1934 to establish 
that Federal or State bankruptcy laws shall not apply to 
licenses or permits issued by the FCC, or to debts owed to the 
FCC for licenses or permits. The Committee recommendation also 
does not include the proposal in the budget request to 
establish an offsetting Analog Spectrum Lease Fee, subject to 
authorization.
    The FCC is an independent agency charged with regulating 
interstate and foreign communications by means of radio, 
television, wire, cable and satellite.

                      Federal Maritime Commission


                         salaries and expenses

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $14,150,000 
for the Salaries and Expenses of the Federal Maritime 
Commission (FMC) for fiscal year 2000. This amount is a 
reduction of $1,150,000 below the budget request and the same 
as provided for the current fiscal year.
    The Federal Maritime Commission regulates the international 
waterborne commerce of the United States.

                        Federal Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$116,679,000 for the Salaries and Expenses of the Federal Trade 
Commission (FTC) for fiscal year 2000, a decrease of 
$16,689,000 below the request and the same as the current year 
appropriation. Of this amount, $39,472,000 is to be derived 
from prior year unobligated fee collections, and $77,207,000 is 
to be derived from current year offsetting fee collections from 
premerger filing fees under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act, 
resulting in no net direct appropriation. The Committee notes 
that any use of remaining unobligated fee collections from the 
prior year are subject to the reprogramming requirements 
outlined in section 605 of this Act.
    The mission of the Federal Trade Commission is to enforce a 
variety of Federal antitrust and consumer protection laws. 
Under these laws, the Commission seeks to ensure that the 
Nation's markets are competitive, function vigorously and 
efficiently, and are free from undue governmental and private 
restrictions. The Commission also seeks to improve the 
operation of the marketplace by eliminating deceptive and 
unfair practices.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous appropriations Acts, which: (1) allows for 
purchase of uniforms and hire of motor vehicles; (2) allows up 
to $2,000 for official reception and representation expenses; 
(3) allows for the collection of fees; (4) allows for the sum 
appropriated to be reduced as fees are collected; (5) prohibits 
the use of funds to implement section 151 of the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvements Act of 1991, and (6) 
makes funds appropriated from the Treasury for the FTC 
available until expended.
    The Committee does not adopt the proposal in the budget 
request to allow fees in excess of the amount designated in the 
bill to be available in fiscal year 2001.

                       Legal Services Corporation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation provides $141,000,000 for the 
Legal Services Corporation (the Corporation) for fiscal year 
2000. This amount is a decrease of $199,000,000 below the 
request, and $159,000,000 below the amount provided in fiscal 
year 1999. This amount includes: (1) $134,575,000 for grants to 
basic field programs; (2) $5,300,000 for management and 
administration to administer these grants on a competitive 
basis; and (3) $1,125,000 for the Office of Inspector General 
for oversight of the Corporation and its grantees. The 
Committee notes that $28,000,000 is provided for civil legal 
assistance under the Violence Against Women Act program funded 
under title I of this bill, an increase of $5,000,000 over 
fiscal year 1999.
    The Committee has serious concerns about the case service 
reporting and associated data reports submitted annually by the 
Corporation's grantees and the case statistical reports 
submitted by the Corporation to the Congress. The Committee is 
aware of substantial inaccuracies in these submissions, as 
documented by the Corporation's Office of Inspector General and 
the General Accounting Office, and directs the Corporation to 
make improvement of the accuracy of these submissions a top 
priority. To further that goal, the Committee directs the 
Corporation to provide further guidance on the definition of 
``case'', as that term is to be used in the case service 
reports. Specific differentiation should be made between the 
number of cases disposed of by activities such as telephone 
referrals to private attorneys and those disposed of by entry 
of settlement agreement or court judgment.
    Additionally, in order to provide the Committee with the 
information necessary to consider the Corporation's budget for 
fiscal year 2001, the Corporation is directed to submit its 
1999 annual case service reports and associated data reports to 
the Congress no later than April 30, 2000. The Office of 
Inspector General will assess the case service information 
provided by the grantees, and will report to the Committee no 
later than July 30, 2000, as to its accuracy. The Committee 
understands that time constraints will require the Office of 
Inspector General to use abbreviated evaluation techniques. The 
Committee directs the Corporation to submit an assessment of 
(1) the feasibility of providing separate accountings for 
Federally-funded cases, and (2) the feasibility of requiring 
grantees to submit case services reports on the Federal fiscal 
year basis, no later than June 1, 2000. The Committee strongly 
urges the Corporation to take the steps necessary to ensure 
that the Corporation's annual case service reports will be 
provided to the Committee, and verified as accurate, by May 1 
of each following fiscal year.
    The Committee is aware that the Corporation has convened a 
special panel for the purpose of studying and reporting upon 
the statutory requirement that aliens be ``present in the 
United States'' as a condition of eligibility to receive 
Federally-funded legal assistance from the Corporation and its 
grantees, and directs the Corporation to keep the Committee 
fully informed on this issue.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee recommendation includes bill language to 
continue all statutory requirements and restrictions contained 
in the fiscal year 1999 Appropriations Act, as requested.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $1,240,000 for the Marine Mammal 
Commission for fiscal year 2000. This is $60,000 less than the 
budget request, and the same as the current year appropriation. 
The Committee notes that a total of $350,545,000 has been 
provided in the Department of Commerce for the National Marine 
Fisheries Service (NMFS), the primary Federal agency charged 
with providing the necessary scientific research and evaluation 
of marine resources, including marine mammals. The Committee 
encourages the Commission to work closely with NMFS, 
particularly in the area of research, studies, and workshops, 
to identify and eliminate overlap and duplication. The 
Committee notes that, in the past, the Commission has received 
funding from NMFS for these types of activities, and expects 
such collaboration to continue.

                   Securities and Exchange Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends overall funding for the Securities 
and Exchange Commission (SEC) of $324,000,000, a decrease of 
$36,800,000 below the request and the same as the level 
provided in fiscal year 1999. The overall funding is made up of 
the following components: (1) an appropriation of fiscal year 
2000 offsetting fee collections of $193,200,000; and (2) an 
appropriation of 1998 offsetting fee collections of 
$130,800,000. The Committee recommendation includes requested 
language clarifying that these amounts are to remain available 
until expended.
    In addition, should other resources be available to the 
Commission, the Committee recommendation approves the use of up 
to an additional $6,000,000 from such funds to supplement the 
total funding available for fiscal year 2000.
    The SEC was created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
as an independent, quasi-judicial agency. It administers a 
group of statutes in the area of securities and finance which 
seek to protect the investing public by providing full 
disclosure, regulating the nation's securities markets, and 
preventing and policing fraud and malpractice in the securities 
and financial markets.
    The Committee recommendation includes bill language 
providing offsetting fees in accord with levels authorized in 
the National Securities Markets Improvement Act of 1996. The 
recommendation does not include language proposed in the budget 
request making fiscal year 2000 fee collections in excess of 
the specified amount available in fiscal year 2001. The 
Committee intends that any such collections will remain 
available for the Securities and Exchange Commission in future 
years through the regular appropriations process.
    In addition, the Committee recommends bill language, 
similar to that included in previous appropriations Acts, 
which: (1) allows for the rental of space; (2) makes up to 
$3,000 available for official reception and representation 
expenses; (3) makes up to $10,000 available for a permanent 
secretariat for the International Organization of Securities 
Commissions; and (4) makes up to $100,000 availablefor expenses 
of meetings and consultations with foreign governmental and regulatory 
officials.

                     Small Business Administration

    The accompanying bill provides a total of $734,492,000 for 
four appropriations items of the Small Business Administration 
(SBA). This amount is $177,276,000 below the budget request 
which included $233,000,000 in contingent emergency 
appropriations, and $15,533,000 above the amount appropriated 
in fiscal year 1999. The details for the four SBA appropriation 
accounts are contained in the following paragraphs.
    The Committee urges the SBA to continue its efforts to 
improve the management of its financial programs. Past failures 
to accurately project subsidy rates for its programs led to 
incorrect projections of resource requirements, and placed upon 
the Committee an obligation to find significant additional 
resources to meet SBA program requirements. The Committee notes 
that significant resources were provided in fiscal years 1998 
and 1999 to address this concern. The Committee has 
unfortunately been unable thus far to approve the use of the 
1999 funding for this purpose due to the need to cover 
shortfalls in Disaster Loan administrative costs due to the 
unauthorized transfer of $34,670,000 from that account at the 
beginning of fiscal year 1999. The Committee recommendation for 
fiscal year 2000 again includes funding for portfolio 
management efforts. The Committee reminds SBA that the 
volatility in subsidy rates is a direct reflection on the SBA's 
management of its loan portfolio and expects SBA to continue to 
make portfolio management improvements a high priority.
    In addition, the Committee recommendation again includes 
sufficient funding for a full annual level of disaster loan 
subsidy funding, as well as funding for the direct 
administrative costs of disaster loan making and servicing, 
despite the refusal of the Administration to request adequate 
funding for those activities. The Committee directs the SBA to 
request sufficient non-emergency funding for the Disaster Loan 
program to support an estimated annual level of activity.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $245,500,000 for the Salaries and 
Expenses of the Small Business Administration. This amount is 
$17,500,000 below the request, and $42,800,000 below the amount 
provided for fiscal year 1999. In addition, $94,000,000 is 
available for transfer to this account from the portion of the 
Business Loans Program account for administrative expenses. The 
Committee directs that the indirect administrative costs 
associated with the Disaster Loan program shall be funded from 
within the $245,500,000 provided under this heading. The direct 
administrative costs of disaster loan making and servicing are 
provided separately under the Disaster Loans Program Account. 
The recommendation does not include requested authority to 
transfer Disaster Loan administrative funding to the Salaries 
and Expenses account.
    The amount provided includes $8,000,000 for the 
continuation of the initiative to improve SBA's monitoring and 
oversight of its financial programs through upgrades and 
improvements in its information resource management systems, 
and increased financial analysis and management. The Committee 
expects the SBA to submit a plan, prior to the expenditure of 
resources for this initiative, in accordance with section 605 
of this Act.
    In addition, within the amounts provided, the Committee 
expects the SBA to continue to help small businesses adapt to a 
paperless procurement environment, and support activities which 
assist small businesses in making the transition to meet both 
military and ISO 9000 quality systems requirements. The 
Committee recommendation also includes the full amount 
requested for Low Documentation Processing Centers.
    The Committee recommendation for Salaries and Expenses 
includes a total of $126,405,000 for non-credit initiatives, as 
follows:

Small Business Development Centers......................     $82,000,000
7(j)....................................................       2,600,000
SCORE...................................................       3,500,000
Microloan technical assistance..........................      16,300,000
One-stop Capital Shops..................................       3,100,000
Export Assistance Centers...............................       3,100,000
Regulatory Fairness Boards..............................         500,000
Women's Business Centers................................       8,000,000
Women's Business Council................................         600,000
Advocacy Research.......................................         800,000
Veteran's Outreach......................................         615,000
Small Business Drug-free Workplace Program..............       4,000,000
Survey of Woman-Owned Businesses........................         790,000
Business Information Centers............................         500,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
      Total, non-credit initiatives.....................    $126,405,000

    Of the amounts provided for the SBDC program, $2,000,000 is 
to continue the SBDC defense transition program and $1,000,000 
is for a regulatory compliance simplification program to 
increase coordination of environmental, Occupational Health and 
Safety Administration and Internal Revenue Service compliance 
requirements and to avoid duplication among programs for 
compliance assistance to small businesses.
    The Committee expects that within the overall amount 
provided under this account, full funding will be provided for 
the operations of the Office of Advocacy. In addition, the 
recommendation includes $800,000 for Advocacy Research. Within 
the amount provided for Advocacy Research, the Committee 
encourages the Office of Advocacy to conduct a study on the 
impact to small businesses resulting from mergers and 
acquisitions within the livestock and agriculture industries.
    The Committee recommendation includes $4,000,000 to 
continue funding for a drug-free workplace demonstration 
program to provide technical assistance to small business 
concerns seeking to start a drug-free workplace program. The 
recommendation also includes $790,000 to complete funding 
associated with the 1997 Survey of Woman-Owned Businesses.
    The Committee recommendation includes requested language 
authorizing $3,500 for official reception and representation 
expenses and language authorizing SBA to charge fees to cover 
the cost of publications, and certain loan servicing 
activities. The language also permits revenues received from 
all such activities to be credited to the Salaries and Expenses 
account to be available for carrying out these purposes without 
further appropriations. The Committee recommendation does not 
include requested authority for a specified amount of program 
funds to remain available for two years.

                      office of inspector general

    The Committee recommends $10,800,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General of the Small Business Administration under 
this heading, a decrease of $200,000 below the request, and the 
same level as provided in fiscal year 1999. The recommendation 
assumes that, as in fiscal year 1999, the appropriation under 
this heading will be supplemented by an additional $500,000 
provided under the administrative expenses of the Disaster 
Loans Program for oversight of that program, and which may be 
transferred to this account. The Committee recommendation 
includes resources for the continuation of oversight to SBA's 
business loan portfolio, SBA's administration of the 7(a) 
program, and disaster assistance programs.

                     BUSINESS LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends $128,030,000 for the Business 
Loans Program Account for subsidies for guaranteed business 
loans, $762,000 for subsidies for direct business loans, and an 
additional $94,000,000 for administrative expenses related to 
this account. The amount provided for administrative expenses 
may be transferred to and merged with the appropriation for SBA 
salaries and expenses to cover the common overhead expenses 
associated with business loans. In addition, the recommendation 
includes a provision in the bill, similar to that carried in 
previous years, allowing up to $45,000,000 to remain available 
until September 30, 2001.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the 
Congress is required to appropriate an amount sufficient to 
cover the estimated losses associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
2000, as well as the administrative expenses of the loans. The 
subsidy amounts are estimated on a net present value basis, and 
the administrative expenses are estimated on a cash basis.
    7(a) Business loan program: The Committee recommends a 
$9,600,000,000 program level for the 7(a) program in fiscal 
year 2000, which is the same level as estimated for fiscal year 
1999. To provide for this program level in fiscal year 2000, 
the Committee assumes a 1.16% subsidy rate, which is the 
baseline subsidy rate estimated in the budget, absent proposed 
legislative changes. The Committee includes a subsidy 
appropriation of $106,400,000, instead of $118,500,000 as 
proposed in the request and $107,750,000 as provided for fiscal 
year 1999. In addition, based on estimates and information 
provided by SBA, the recommendation assumes carryover of 
$5,000,000,resulting in a total subsidy appropriations 
availability of $111,400,000. Should changes in the program level occur 
due to changes in the subsidy rate, or changes in estimated carryover 
and recoveries, the Committee expects to be notified in accordance with 
section 605 of this Act prior to the SBA taking anyactions to change 
the program level provided in fiscal year 2000. The Committee 
recommendation includes language, as carried in the fiscal year 1999 
appropriation Act, that requires the SBA to submit a reprogramming 
under section 605 of the Act before exceeding a 7(a) program level of 
$10,000,000,000.
    Small Business Investment Corporation (SBIC) debenture and 
participating securities: The Committee recommendation includes 
$21,630,000 for the subsidy appropriation for the SBIC 
programs, an increase of $1,350,000 above the fiscal year 1999 
level, and $4,238,000 below the request. The SBIC debentures 
program will operate with a zero subsidy rate in fiscal year 
2000, therefore the entire amount provided for SBICs under this 
heading is intended for the participating securities program. 
The funding recommendation of $21,630,000 will provide a 
$1,200,000,000 program level for SBIC participating securities, 
assuming the 1.8% subsidy rate proposed in the budget. The 
recommendation includes language limiting the SBIC debentures 
program to the authorized program level.
    Microloan Direct and Guarantee Programs: The Committee 
recommendation includes new appropriations of $762,000 for the 
Microloan Direct Loan Program compared to the request for 
$4,000,000, and no new appropriations for the Microloan 
Guarantee Program, as none was requested. The recommendation 
for direct Microloans assumes that $1,800,000 in estimated 
carryover will be available to provide for a program level of 
$30,000,000, an increase of $10,000,000 above the projected 
fiscal year 1999 level. For the Microloan Guarantee program, 
carryover balances of $2,700,000 will be available to provide 
for a program level of up to approximately $32,000,000. The 
Committee continues to be concerned about the inability of SBA 
to utilize the resources provided for the Microloan Direct and 
Guarantee programs. The most recent estimates provided to the 
Committee indicate significant anticipated carryover in both 
programs. The Committee directs the SBA to submit a report no 
later than February 2, 2000 providing detailed program plans 
and estimates for these programs and the Microloan technical 
assistance grants program for fiscal year 2000.
    504 Development Company loans: The Committee recommendation 
provides no new budget authority for the section 504 
development company loan program, as requested, and includes 
language limiting the 504 guaranteed lending program to the 
authorized program level. This program will operate with a zero 
subsidy rate in fiscal year 2000.

                     DISASTER LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends a total of $255,400,000 for the 
Disaster Loans Program Account for loan subsidies and 
associated administrative expenses, an increase of $130,000,000 
above the request and $63,071,000 above the amount appropriated 
in fiscal year 1999. The Committee recommendation includes 
$139,400,000 for the subsidy costs of disaster loans, which 
when combined with estimated carryover and recoveries of 
$62,000,000 will provide a disaster loan level of $907,207,000, 
which compares to a projected fiscal year 1999 program level of 
$900,000,000. The Administration failed to request sufficient 
appropriations to support the estimated level for fiscal year 
2000, and instead requested an additional $158,000,000 in 
contingent emergency appropriations for the subsidy costs of 
disaster loans, which the recommendation does not include. The 
non-emergency amount requested by the Administration would 
support a disaster loan program level of $222,500,000, or only 
24% of the ten-year average.
    The Committee regrets the failure of the SBA, once again, 
to request sufficient appropriations for the subsidy costs of 
direct disaster loans. The Committee directs the SBA to include 
in future appropriations requests for this program a realistic 
estimate of subsidy costs.
    The Committee recommendation includes $116,000,000, 
specifically for the direct administrative expenses of the 
program. The recommendation does not include bill language 
allowing these funds to be transferred to and merged with 
appropriations for salaries and expenses, and does not include 
any funding for indirect administrative costs of the disaster 
loan program. The recommendation assumes that any indirect 
administrative costs related to the disaster loan program will 
be funded from the amount provided under the salaries and 
expenses account. The amount provided represents the same level 
as provided in fiscal year 1999 for the direct administrative 
costs of disaster loan-making and servicing, and is $30,000,000 
above the requested level. The request also included an 
additional contingent emergency appropriation of $75,000,000 
which is not included in the recommendation. The Committee 
recommendation includes language transferring $500,000 to the 
Office of Inspector General for audits and reviews of the 
disaster loan portfolio.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the 
Congress is required to appropriate an amount sufficient to 
cover the subsidy costs associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
1999, as well as the administrative expenses of the loan 
programs. The subsidy amounts are measured on a net present 
value basis, and the administrative expenses are estimated on a 
cash basis.

                 SURETY BOND GUARANTEES REVOLVING FUND

    No appropriation is provided for additional capital for the 
Surety Bond Guarantees Revolving Fund, as none was requested. 
Due to sufficient fund balances and fee revenues anticipated in 
fiscal year 2000, no appropriation is needed to support the 
annual program level of bond guarantees. Under the Surety Bond 
Guarantees program, the Small Business Administration 
guarantees a portion of the losses sustained by a surety 
company as a result of the issuance of a bid, payment, and/or 
performance bond to a small business concern.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends no appropriation for the State 
Justice Institute (SJI) for fiscal year 2000, a reduction of 
$6,850,000 below the current year appropriation, and 
$15,000,000 below the request.
    SJI is a private, non-governmental organization, which 
awards grants to improve the administration of justice in the 
State courts. SJI requested $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 
for this purpose. However, the Administration proposed 
$5,000,000 for SJI in fiscal year 2000, in recognition that 
additional funding assistance for State Courts was requested 
under the Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs 
(OJP).
    The Committee recommendation takes into account the other 
funding that is available for assistance to State courts under 
the Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the departments and agencies funded in the accompanying 
bill. Except where modifications are indicated, these general 
provisions were included in the fiscal year 1999 Appropriations 
Act.
    Section 601 prohibits any appropriation contained in the 
Act from being used for publicity or propaganda purposes not 
authorized by the Congress.
    Section 602 prohibits any appropriation contained in the 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless explicitly provided.
    Section 603 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in the Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive Order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 604 provides that if any provision of the Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of such provisions to persons or circumstances 
other than those to which it is held invalid shall not be 
affected thereby.
    Section 605 provides for the Committee's policy concerning 
the reprogramming of funds. Section 605(a) prohibits the 
reprogramming of funds which: (1) creates new programs; (2) 
eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds 
or personnel by any means for any project or activity for which 
funds have been denied or restricted; (4) relocates offices or 
employees; (5) reorganizes offices, programs, or activities; or 
(6) contracts out or privatizes any function or activity 
presently performed by Federal employees unless the 
Appropriations Committees of both Houses of Congress are 
notified 15 days in advance.
    Section 605(b) prohibits a reprogramming of funds in excess 
of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, that: (1) 
augments existing programs, projects or activities; (2) reduces 
by 10 percent funding for any existing program, project, or 
activity, or numbers of personnel by 10 percent as approved by 
Congress; or (3) results from any general savings due to a 
reduction in personnel which would result in a change in 
existing programs, activities, or projects as approved by 
Congress unless the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of 
Congress are notified 15 days in advance.
    The Committee has again included carryover funds under the 
requirements of section 605 to clarify that agencies must 
follow reprogramming procedures with respect to carryover 
funds.
    Section 606 prohibits funds in the Act from being used for 
construction, repair (other than emergency repair), overhaul, 
conversion, or modernization of vessels for the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in shipyards located 
outside the United States.
    Section 607 states the sense of the Congress that all 
equipment and products purchased with funds made available in 
the bill should be American-made, directs the head of each 
Federal agency to provide a notice describing Congressional 
intent to any entity it provides financial assistance to or 
enters into a contract with, and makes any person determined to 
have misused ``Made in America'' labeling from receiving grants 
or contracts made with funds provided under this Act.
    Section 608 prohibits funds in the bill from being used to 
implement, administer, or enforce any guidelines of the Equal 
Employment Opportunity Commission covering harassment based on 
religion similar to proposed guidelines published by the EEOC 
in October, 1993.
    Section 609 prohibits the use of funds to pay for expansion 
of diplomatic or consular operations in Vietnam beyond the 
level of operations on July 11, 1995, unless the President 
certifies within 60 days that Vietnam is cooperating in full 
faith with the U.S. on POW/MIA issues.
    Section 610 prohibits the use of funds for any United 
Nations peacekeeping mission when it is made known that United 
States Armed Forces are under the command or operational 
control of a foreign national and the President has not 
submitted to the Congress a recommendation that such 
involvement is in the national security interest of the United 
States.
    Section 611 prohibits the use of funds to provide certain 
amenities and personal comforts in the Federal prison system.
    Section 612 includes language prohibiting the use of funds 
under the NOAA Fleet Modernization, Shipbuilding and Conversion 
account to implement sections 603, 604, and 605 of Public Law 
102-567, except for development of a modernization plan for 
fisheries research.
    Section 613 provides that any closing or downsizing costs 
incurred by a Department or agency funded under this Act 
resulting from funding reductions in the Act shall be absorbed 
within the budgetary resources available to the Department or 
agency, and provides transfer authority between appropriation 
accounts to carry out the provision, subject to reprogramming 
procedures.
    Section 614 prohibits funds made available in this Act to 
the Federal Bureau of Prisons from being used to distribute 
publications that include sexually explicit material.
    Section 615 limits funding under the Local Law Enforcement 
Block Grant to 90 percent to an entity that does not provide 
public safety officers injured in the line of duty and as a 
result separated or retired from their jobs with health 
insurance benefits equal to the insurance they received while 
on duty.
    Section 616 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco 
products, or to seek the reduction or removal of foreign 
restrictions on the marketing of tobacco products, provided 
that such restrictions are applied equally to all tobacco 
products or tobacco products of the same type. This provision 
is not intended to impact routine international trade services 
provided to all U.S. citizens, including the processing of 
applications to establish foreign trade zones.
    Section 617 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to implement a Federal user fee for background 
checks conducted pursuant to the Brady Handgun Control Act of 
1993, or to implement a background check system that does not 
require and result in the destruction of certain information.
    The bill also includes a new general provision, Section 
618, to delay obligations of any receipts deposited into the 
Crime Victims Fund in excess of $500,000,000 until October 1, 
2000. Due to unprecedented antitrust criminal fines collected 
in fiscal year 1999, receipts deposited into the Fund and 
available for obligation are estimated to total in excess of 
$1,025,000,000. Previous obligations from the Fund have not 
exceeded $350,000,000 on an annual basis. This provision will 
allow a total of $500,000,000 to be disbursed from the Fund in 
fiscal year 2000, a 50% increase from fiscal year 1999. The 
remaining balance of $525,000,000 in the Fund will become 
available in fiscal year 2001. This Committee has taken this 
action to ensure that a stable source of funds will remain 
available for this program.
    The bill includes a new general provision as section 619, 
which provides that none of the funds under this Act may be 
used to publish or issue an assessment required under section 
106 of the Global Change Research Act of 1990 unless: (1) the 
supporting research has been subjected to peer review and, if 
not otherwise publicly available, posted electronically for 
public comment prior to use in the assessment; and (2) the 
draft assessment has been published in the Federal Register for 
a 60 day public comment period.
    Language has been included under section 620 of General 
Provisions prohibiting the use of funds to propose or issue 
rules, regulations, decrees, or orders for implementing the 
Kyoto Protocol prior to Senate ratification.

                         TITLE VII--RESCISSIONS


                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE


                 Immigration and Naturalization Service


                       immigration emergency fund

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $1,137,000 
representing the remaining unobligated balances in the Fund.

                DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES


                    United States Information Agency


                 international broadcasting operations

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $14,829,000 from 
unobligated balances in this account. This amount is the 
remaining unobligated balance of funding originally provided to 
support the costs of relocating the headquarters of Radio Free 
Europe/Radio Liberty from Munich to Prague.

                            RELATED AGENCIES


                     Small Business Administration


                     business loans program account

                              (rescission)

    The Committee recommends a rescission of $12,400,000 from 
unobligated balances under this heading. This amount represents 
moneys received by the SBA from the repurchase of preferred 
stock. This funding had been available to provide certain SBIC 
debenture guarantees, but is no longer needed as the SBIC 
debentures program will have a zero subsidy rate in fiscal year 
2000.

               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1) of rule XIII of Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill which directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included for a number of accounts which places 
limitations on representation and reception allowances in order 
to reduce the amount of money that could otherwise be spent on 
these activities.
    Language is included in various parts of the bill to 
continue ongoing activities which require annual authorization 
or additional legislation, which to date has not been enacted.
    The bill includes provisions which place limitations on the 
use of funds in the bill or change existing limitations and 
which might, under some circumstances be construed as changing 
the application of existing law.
    The bill includes a number of provisions, which have been 
virtually unchanged for many years, that are technically 
considered legislation.
    The bill also provides that a number of appropriations 
shall remain available for obligation beyond the current fiscal 
year. While these provisions are not specifically authorized 
for all of the items, it is deemed desirable to include such 
language for certain programs in order to provide for orderly 
administration and the effective use of funds.
    Language is included under a number of accounts in which 
appropriations are offset by collections that provide the level 
of offsetting collections to be credited to the account and in 
certain cases makes collections in excess of that level 
available in the following fiscal year.
    In various places in the bill, language is included 
providing Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund (VCRTF) amounts 
under the associated Department of Justice or Judiciary 
account, rather than under a separate account as in previous 
years.
    In various places in the bill, the Committee has earmarked 
funds within appropriation accounts in order to fund specific 
programs and has adjusted some existing earmarkings.
    Those additional changes in the fiscal year 2000 bill, 
which might be interpreted as changing existing law, are as 
follows:
    Under Department of Justice, Counterterrorism Fund, 
language is modified setting forth authorized uses of the Fund.
    Under Office of Inspector General, language is included 
that allows the Attorney General to transfer up to two tenths 
of one percent of grant funds provided under the VCRTF for the 
Inspector General to audit and review these grant programs.
    Under United States Attorneys, language is modified 
designating number of positions and workyears provided for 
United States Attorneys.
    Under United States Trustee System Fund, language is 
included to allow the use of the Fund's interest income.
    Under United States Marshals Service, language is included 
providing funding for costs of converting to narrowband 
communications and for the operations and maintenance of legacy 
land mobile radio systems to be transferred and administered by 
the DOJ wireless management office.
    Under Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System 
Fund, United States Marshals Service, language is included 
making permanent the establishment of the Fund to pay for the 
transportation of prisoners and illegal and criminal aliens.
    Under Community Relations Service, language is included to 
allow the Attorney General to transfer funding from other DOJ 
components to this account.
    Under Federal Bureau of Investigation, language is amended 
changing the limitation on the number of passenger and 
replacement motor vehicles. Language is included providing 
funding for costs of converting to narrowband communications 
and for the operations and maintenance of legacy land mobile 
radio systems to be transferred and administered by the DOJ 
wireless management office.
    Under Drug Enforcement Administration, language is amended 
changing the limitation on the number of passenger and 
replacement motor vehicles. Language is included providing 
funding for costs of converting to narrowband communications 
and for the operations and maintenance of legacy land mobile 
radio systems to be transferred and administered by the DOJ 
wireless management office.
    Under Immigration and Naturalization Service, language is 
included to change the limitation on the number of passenger 
and replacement motor vehicles. Language is included limiting 
the annual overtime pay for the Citizenship and Benefits, 
Immigration Support and Program Direction account. Language is 
included to provide funding for costs of converting to 
narrowband communications and for the operations and 
maintenance of legacy land mobile radio systems to be 
transferred and administered by the DOJ wireless management 
office.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is amended changing the limitation on the number of 
passenger and replacement motor vehicles, and modifying the 
uses of carryover funding.
    Under Justice Assistance, language is included to 
incorporate funding for Counterterrorism grant programs within 
the total amount provided.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, language 
is amended to fund the Byrne Grant program from the Violent 
Crime Reduction Trust Fund. In addition, language is included 
to fund the Local Law Enforcement Grant, State Prison Grants, 
and the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP) through 
direct appropriations instead of through the Violent Crime 
Reduction Trust Fund.
    Under Community Oriented Policing Services, Violent Crime 
Reduction Programs, language is amended allowing unobligated 
balances to be used for certain purposes. In addition, language 
is included to allocate hiring funds to continue a school 
violence initiative and to provide for grants for certain 
purposes.
    Under Juvenile Justice Programs, language is included that 
provides funding for this program consistent with H.R. 1501, 
and subject to new authorization.
    Under General Provisions--Department of Justice, Section 
108 includes modified language, which delineates the authority 
of the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice 
Programs.
    Section 109 includes modified language making permanent 
certain provisions included in the fiscal year 1999 
Appropriations Act which waive certain acquisition regulations 
in certain terrorism-related matters, and prohibit the 
disclosure of certain personal information on correctional 
employees.
    Section 110 includes modified language which addresses the 
payment of judgments against the United States as a result of 
the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act 
(FIRREA).
    Section 111 includes language authorizing the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation to apply contributions received in 
certain joint foreign projects to the costs of such projects.
    Section 112 includes language clarifying the 
responsibilities of certain officers of the Department of 
Justice.
    Section 113 includes language authorizing the United States 
Marshals Service to obtain services at fair and reasonable 
prices.
    Section 114 includes language extending a provision 
included in the fiscal year 1999 Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, to allow assistance and services to be provided to the 
families of the victims of Pan Am Flight 103.
    Section 115 includes language changing the filing fees for 
certain bankruptcy proceedings.
    Under Department of Commerce, Economic Development 
Administration, Economic Development Assistance Programs, 
language is amended to change a statutory citation.
    Under Bureau of the Census, Periodic Censuses and Programs, 
language is included making a specific amount for the decennial 
census available as an emergency requirement only upon 
submission of a request designating the entire amount as an 
emergency requirement. Language is included designating funding 
for certain activities.
    Under Patent and Trademark Office, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included limiting the availability of carryover 
into fiscal year 2000.
    Under National Institute of Standards and Technology, 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services, language is 
amended to change the amount that may be transferred to the 
Working Capital Fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included 
providing specific funding amounts for each line office and 
other activities, and the sources of funding in the budget are 
amended to include new fee proceeds, if enacted. The bill 
includes language requiring standard reprogramming notification 
for the use of unanticipated deobligations.
    Under Promote and Develop Fishery Products and Research 
Pertaining to American Fisheries, Fisheries Promotional Fund, 
(Rescission), language is included rescinding all unobligated 
balances.
    Under General Provisions--Department of Commerce, Section 
204, language is amended prohibiting the use of funds to pay 
unemployment compensation for temporary census workers.
    Under The Judiciary, Courts of Appeals, District Courts, 
and Other Judicial Services, language is amended to include 
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund amounts under this heading.
    Under Defender Service, language is amended to include 
Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund amounts under this heading.
    Under Department of State, Administration of Foreign 
Affairs, Diplomatic and Consular Programs, language is included 
to add authorities for former USIA and ACDA activities under 
this heading. Language is included limiting the Machine 
Readable Visa fees that can be spent in fiscal year 2000 and 
providing that any amount collected in excess of the limit will 
be available in fiscal year 2001. In addition, language is 
included designating specific amounts for public diplomacy 
international information programs, worldwide security 
upgrades, and for transfer to the Presidential Advisory 
Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States. Language 
is included making up to a certain amount of fee collections 
available until expended for various activities previously 
carried out by USIA.
    Under Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs, language 
is included reflecting the authorization of fee collections 
from educational advising and counseling.
    Under Security and Maintenance of United States Missions, 
language is included designating a specific amount for 
worldwide security upgrades.
    Under Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, 
language is included to provide authorities associated with 
what were previously USIA activities.
    Under Repatriation Loans Program Account, language is 
included allowing administrative expenses to be merged with the 
Diplomatic and Consular Programs account under Administration 
of Foreign Affairs.
    Under Contributions to International Organizations, 
language is amended requiring certification that the U.N. is 
keeping within itsbudget. Language is also amended stating that 
payment of arrearages shall be directed toward mutually agreed upon 
activities.
    Under Arrearage Payments, language is included making 
amounts available until expended for payment of arrearages, and 
providing that not to exceed a certain amount shall be used to 
reduce the indebtedness of the U.N. to the U.S., and the amount 
of arrearages owed by the U.S. to the U.N. Language is also 
included making obligations of funds contingent upon enactment 
of an Act that makes payment of arrearages contingent upon 
United Nations reform, and upon certain conditions related to 
assessment rates and designated specialized agencies having 
achieved zero nominal growth in their biennium budgets for 
2000-2001.
    Under Broadcasting Board of Governors, International 
Broadcasting Operations, language is included to appropriate 
funding under the Broadcasting Board of Governors instead of 
under USIA. Language is also included to provide authorities 
for broadcasting to Cuba under this account.
    Under Broadcasting Capital Improvements, language is 
included changing the title of this account from Radio 
Construction.
    General Provisions--Department of State and Related Agency, 
Section 403, language is amended to give the Secretary of State 
instead of the Director of USIA the authority to administer 
summer travel and work programs without regard to preplacement 
requirements.
    Under Section 404, language is included making permanent a 
provision waiving the fee for border crossing cards for 
children under 15.
    Under Section 405, language is amended to prohibit the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors from providing assistance to 
the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation.
    Under Related Agency, Maritime Administration, 
Administrative Provision, language is amended regarding 
treatment of deposits to the ship construction fund.
    Under Legal Services Corporation, language is amended 
continuing current statutory requirements.
    Under the Securities and Exchange Commission, language is 
amended clarifying that appropriations of fiscal year 1998 and 
fiscal year 2000 fee collections are to remain available until 
expended.
    Under the Small Business Administration, ``Salaries and 
Expenses,'' a technical change corrects the citation of 
authorizing legislation.
    Under Business Loans Program Account, language is included 
designating limitations to loan programs at authorized levels.
    Under Disaster Loans Program Account, language is amended 
to clarify that funding is provided only for the direct 
administrative expenses of disaster loan making and servicing. 
In addition, language is included to allow a specified amount 
of funding to be transferred to the Office of Inspector 
General.
    Under General Provisions, Section 618, language is included 
delaying the obligation of funds deposited into the Crime 
Victims Fund in fiscal year 1999 in excess of $500,000,000 
until October 1, 2000.
    Under General Provisions, Section 619, language is included 
prohibiting funds from being used to implement section 106 of 
the Global Change Research Act of 1990 unless certain 
conditions are met.
    Under General Provisions, Section 620, language is included 
prohibiting funds from being used to propose or issue rules, 
regulations, decrees, or orders for implementing Kyoto Protocol 
prior to Senate ratification.
    Under Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization 
Service, Immigration Emergency Fund, language is included 
rescinding funds.
    Under Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration, Promote and Develop Fishery 
Products and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries, 
Fisheries Promotional Fund, language is included rescinding 
funds.
    Under United States Information Agency, International 
Broadcasting Operations, language is included rescinding funds.
    Under Small Business Administration, Business Loan Program 
Account, language is included rescinding funds.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill which are not 
authorized by law:
Department of Justice:
      General Administration
            Salaries and Expenses
            Counterterrorism Fund
            Telecommunications Carrier Compliance Fund
            Administrative Review and Appeals
            Office of the Inspector General
      United States Parole Commission
      Legal Activities
            Salaries and Expenses, General Legal Activities
            Salaries and Expenses, Antitrust Division
            Salaries and Expenses, United States Attorneys
            Salaries and Expenses, Foreign Claims Settlement 
        Commission
            Fees and Expenses of Witnesses
            Community Relations Service
      Radiation Exposure Compensation, Administrative Expenses
      Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement
      Federal Bureau of Investigation
            Salaries and Expenses
            Construction
      Drug Enforcement Administration
            Salaries and Expenses
            Construction
      Immigration and Naturalization Service
            Enforcement and Border Affairs
            Citizenship and Benefits, Immigration Support and 
        Program Direction
            Construction
            Violent Crime Reduction Programs
      Federal Prison System
            Salaries and Expenses
            Building and Facilities
            Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated
            Limitation on Administrative Expenses, Federal 
        Prison Industries, Incorporated
      Office of Justice Programs
            Justice Assistance
            State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, Violent 
        Crime Reduction Programs, with certain exceptions
            Weed and Seed Program
            Juvenile Justice Programs
            Missing Children's Programs
          Victims of Child Abuse
      Office of the United States Trade Representative
      International Trade Commission
Department of Commerce:
            Export Administration
            International Trade Administration, except Import 
        Administration
            Minority Business Development Agency
            National Telecommunications and Information 
        Administration
                    Salaries and Expenses
                    Public Broadcasting Families, Planning and 
                Construction
                    Information Infrastructure Grants
            Patent and Trademark Office
            National Institute of Standards and Technology
                    Scientific and Technical Research and 
                Services
                    Industrial Technology Services
                    Construction of Research Facilities
            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                    Operations, Research, and Facilities, with 
                certain exceptions
                    Procurement, Acquisition and Construction
            Technology Administration
Department of State:
      Diplomatic and Consular Programs
      Capital Investment Fund
      Representation Allowances
      Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials
      Security and Maintenance of United States Missions
      Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service
      Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan
      Contributions to International Organizations
      Contributions to International Peacekeeping Activities
      Arrearage Payments
      International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
States and Mexico
      American Sections, International Commissions, except 
Border Environment Corporation Commission
      International Fisheries Commission
      Payment to the Asia Foundation
      Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs
      National Endowment for Democracy
Broadcasting Board of Governors:
      International Broadcasting Operations
      Broadcasting Capital Improvements
Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration:
      Operations and Training
      Maritime Guaranteed Loan Program Account
Commission on Civil Rights
Federal Communications Commission, except offsetting fee 
collections
Federal Maritime Commission
Federal Trade Commission
Legal Services Corporation
Marine Mammal Commission
Securities and Exchange Commission
Small Business Administration
      Salaries and Expenses, with certain exceptions

                        Constitutional Authority

    Clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives states that:

    Each report of a committee on a bill or joint resolution of 
a public character, shall include a statement citing the 
specific powers granted to the Congress in the Constitution to 
enact the law proposed by the bill or joint resolution.

    The Committee on Appropriations bases its authority to 
report this legislation from Clause 7 of Section 9 of Article I 
of the Constitution of the United States of America which 
states:

    No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in 
consequence of Appropriations made by law. * * *

    Appropriations contained in this Act are made pursuant to 
this specific power granted by the Constitution.

                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires an explanation of compliance with 
section 308(a)(1)(A) of the Congressional Budget and 
Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-344), as 
amended, which requires that the report accompanying a bill 
providing new budget authority contain a statement detailing 
how that authority compares with the reports submitted under 
section 302 of the Act for the most recently agreed to 
concurrent resolution on the budget for the fiscal year from 
the Committee's section 302(a) allocation.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Section 302(b)  Recommended in
                                            allocation       this bill
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Budget authority:
    Mandatory...........................            $523            $523
    Discretionary.......................          30,947          35,773
        Total budget authority..........          31,470          36,296
Outlays:
    Mandatory...........................             529             529
    Discretionary.......................          30,789          34,907
        Total outlays...................          31,318          35,436
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note.--The amounts in this bill are technically in excess of the
  subcommittee section 302(b) subdivision. However, pursuant to section
  314 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, increases to the
  Committee's section 302(a) allocation are authorized for funding in
  the reported bill for arrearages for international organizations, and
  for designated emergency funding relating to the decenniel census.
  After the bill is reported to the House, the Chairman of the Committee
  on the Budget will provide an increased section 302(a) allocation
  consistent with the funding provided in the bill. That new allocation
  will eliminate the technical difference prior to floor consideration.

                      Five-Year Outlay Projections

    In compliance with section 308(a)(1)(B) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the following table contains 
five-year projections associated with the budget authority 
provided in the accompanying bill:

                        Fiscal year 2000 outlays
                        (In millions of dollars)
Budget authority......................................           $36,128
Outlays:..............................................
    2000..............................................            24,537
    2001..............................................             6,312
    2002..............................................             3,546
    2003..............................................             1,030
    2004 and future years.............................               256


               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    In accordance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the financial assistance to 
State and local governments is as follows:

                                                                Millions
FY 2000 new budget authority..................................    $3,367
FY 2000 outlays resulting therefrom...........................       247

                   Programs, Projects, and Activities

    During fiscal year 2000, for purposes of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 
99-177), as amended, the following information provides the 
definition of the term ``program, project, and activity'' for 
departments and agencies under the jurisdiction of Commerce, 
Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies 
Subcommittees of the House and Senate. The term ``program, 
project, and activity'' shall include the most specific level 
of budget terms identified in the Departments of Commerce, 
Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies 
Appropriations Act, 2000, as passed by the House, and the House 
report accompanying said Act.
    In implementing any Presidential order, Departments and 
agencies shall apply the percentage reduction required for 
fiscal year 2000 pursuant to the provisions of Public Law 99-
177 to each program, project, activity and subactivity 
specified in the budget justification documents submitted to 
the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate in 
support of the fiscal year 2000 budget estimates, as amended, 
for such Departments and agencies, as modified by Congressional 
action. In addition, the Departments and agencies, in 
implementing the Presidential order, shall apply the percentage 
reduction required for fiscal year 2000 to each grantee of such 
Department or agency as applicable. In addition, the 
Departments and agencies in implementing the Presidential 
order, shall not: (1) eliminate any program, project or 
activity; (2) reorder priorities or funds; or (3) initiate any 
program, project or activity that was not funded in the fiscal 
year 2000 Appropriations Act. However, for purposes of program 
execution, Departments and agencies may propose reprogramming 
between programs, projects and activities pursuant to the 
provisions of the Committee's reprogramming procedures after 
they implement the reductions under the Balanced Budget Act.

          Compliance With Rule XIII, Cl. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

TITLE 28, UNITED STATES CODE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART II--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 31--THE ATTORNEY GENERAL

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Sec. 507. Assistant Attorney General for Administration

    (a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of title 31, section 
901, the Assistant Attorney General for Administration shall be 
the Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Justice.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 39--UNITED STATES TRUSTEES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Sec. 589a. United States Trustee System Fund

    (a) * * *
    (b) For the purpose of recovering the cost of services of 
the United States Trustee System, there shall be deposited as 
offsetting collections to the appropriation ``United States 
Trustee System Fund'', to remain available until expended, the 
following--
          (1) [23.08 percent] 27.42 percent of the fees 
        collected under section 1930(a)(1) of this title;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (7) the compensation of trustees received under 
        section 330(d) of title 11 by the clerks of the 
        bankruptcy courts; [and]
          (8) excess fees collected under section 586(e)(2) of 
        this title[.]; and
          (9) interest earned on Fund investment.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART V--PROCEDURE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 123--FEES AND COSTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Sec. 1930. Bankruptcy fees

  (a) Notwithstanding section 1915 of this title, the parties 
commencing a case under title 11 shall pay to the clerk of the 
district court or the clerk of the bankruptcy court, if one has 
been certified pursuant to section 156(b) of this title, the 
following filing fees:
          (1) For a case commenced under chapter 7 or 13 of 
        title 11, [$130] $155.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED 
                   AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1990


                          (Public Law 101-162)

  Sec. 406. (a)  * * *
  (b) All fees as shall be hereafter collected for any service 
enumerated after item 18 of the bankruptcy miscellaneous fee 
schedule prescribed by the Judicial Conference of the United 
States pursuant to 28 U.S.C. section 1930(b) and [30.76 per 
centum] 33.87 percent of the fees hereafter collected under 28 
U.S.C. section 1930(a)(1) shall be deposited as offsetting 
receipts to the fund established under 28 U.S.C. section 1931 
and shall remain available to the Judiciary until expended to 
reimburse any appropriation for the amount paid out of such 
appropriation for expenses of the Courts of Appeals, District 
Courts, and other Judicial Services and the Administrative 
Office of the United States Courts. The Judicial Conference 
shall report to the Committees on Appropriations of the House 
of Representatives and the Senate on a quarterly basis 
beginning on the first day of each fiscal year regarding the 
sums deposited in said fund.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                           transfer of funds

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, language included under ``National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Operations, Research 
and Facilities'' and ``National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, Procurement, Acquisition and Construction'' 
provides certain transfer authority.

                              rescissions

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization 
    Service, Immigration Emergency Fund.................      -1,137,000
Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
    Administration, Promote and Develop Fishery Products 
    and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries, 
    Fisheries Promotional Fund..........................      -1,187,000
United States Information Agency, International 
    Broadcasting Operations.............................     -14,829,000
Small Business Administration, Business Loans Program 
    Account.............................................     -12,400,000

                          Full Committee Votes

    Pursuant to the provisions of clause 3(a)(1)(b) of rule 
XIII of the House of Representatives, the results of each roll 
call vote on an amendment or on the motion to report, together 
with the names of those voting for and those voting against, 
are printed below:

                             rollcall no. 1

    Date: July 30, 1999.
    Measure: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, FY 2000.
    Motion by: Mr. Obey.
    Description of motion: To delete the provisions in the bill 
designating $4,476,523,000 for the 2000 Census as an emergency 
requirement.
    Results: Rejected 26 Yeas to 30 Nays.
        Members Voting Yea            Members Voting Nay
Mr. Boyd                            Mr. Aderholt
Mr. Clyburn                         Mr. Bonilla
Mr. Cramer                          Mr. Callahan
Ms. DeLauro                         Mr. Cunningham
Mr. Dixon                           Mrs. Emerson
Mr. Edwards                         Mr. Frelinghuysen
Mr. Farr                            Ms. Granger
Mr. Hinchey                         Mr. Hobson
Mr. Hoyer                           Mr. Istook
Mr. Jackson                         Mr. Kingston
Ms. Kaptur                          Mr. Knollenberg
Ms. Kilpatrick                      Mr. Kolbe
Mrs. Lowey                          Mr. Latham
Mrs. Meek                           Mr. Lewis
Mr. Mollohan                        Mr. Miller
Mr. Moran                           Mr. Nethercutt
Mr. Murtha                          Mrs. Northup
Mr. Obey                            Mr. Packard
Mr. Olver                           Mr. Porter
Mr. Pastor                          Mr. Regula
Ms. Pelosi                          Mr. Rogers
Mr. Price                           Mr. Skeen
Ms. Roybal-Allard                   Mr. Sununu
Mr. Sabo                            Mr. Taylor
Mr. Serrano                         Mr. Tiahrt
Mr. Visclosky                       Mr. Walsh
                                    Mr. Wamp
                                    Mr. Wicker
                                    Mr. Wolf
                                    Mr. Young
                          Full Committee Votes

    Pursuant to the provisions of clause 3(a)(1)(b) of rule 
XIII of the House of Representatives, the results of each roll 
call vote on an amendment or on the motion to report, together 
with the names of those voting for and those voting against, 
are printed below:

                             rollcall no. 2

    Date: July 30, 1999.
    Measure: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, FY 2000.
    Motion by: Mr. Obey.
    Description of motion: To amend the provisions in the bill 
to decrease to $1,723,000,00 the amount designated as an 
emergency requirement for the 2000 Census.
    Results: Rejected 26 Yeas to 32 Nays.
        Members Voting Yea            Members Voting Nay
Mr. Boyd                            Mr. Aderholt
Mr. Clyburn                         Mr. Blunt
Mr. Cramer                          Mr. Bonilla
Ms. DeLauro                         Mr. Callahan
Mr. Dixon                           Mr. Cunningham
Mr. Edwards                         Mr. DeLay
Mr. Farr                            Mrs. Emerson
Mr. Hinchey                         Mr. Frelinghuysen
Mr. Hoyer                           Ms. Granger
Mr. Jackson                         Mr. Hobson
Ms. Kaptur                          Mr. Istook
Ms. Kilpatrick                      Mr. Kingston
Mrs. Lowey                          Mr. Knollenberg
Mrs. Meek                           Mr. Kolbe
Mr. Mollohan                        Mr. Latham
Mr. Moran                           Mr. Lewis
Mr. Murtha                          Mr. Miller
Mr. Obey                            Mr. Nethercutt
Mr. Olver                           Mrs. Northup
Mr. Pastor                          Mr. Packard
Ms. Pelosi                          Mr. Porter
Mr. Price                           Mr. Regula
Ms. Roybal-Allard                   Mr. Rogers
Mr. Sabo                            Mr. Skeen
Mr. Serrano                         Mr. Sununu
Mr. Visclosky                       Mr. Taylor
                                    Mr. Tiahrt
                                    Mr. Walsh
                                    Mr. Wamp
                                    Mr. Wicker
                                    Mr. Wolf
                                    Mr. Young
                          Full Committee Votes

    Pursuant to the provisions of clause 3(a)(1)(b) of rule 
XIII of the House of Representatives, the results of each roll 
call vote on an amendment or on the motion to report, together 
with the names of those voting for and those voting against, 
are printed below:

                             rollcall no. 3

    Date: July 30, 1999.
    Measure: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, FY 2000.
    Motion by: Mr. Serrano.
    Description of motion: To limit the prohibition or 
restriction on trade with Cuba with respect to the export of 
food, agricultural commodities and medicines, with certain 
exceptions, and to allow the President to waive the limitation 
for reasons of national security.
    Results: Rejected 23 Yeas to 30 Nays.
        Members Voting Yea            Members Voting Nay
Mr. Clyburn                         Mr. Aderholt
Mr. Cramer                          Mr. Blunt
Ms. DeLauro                         Mr. Bonilla
Mr. Dixon                           Mr. Boyd
Mr. Edwards                         Mr. Callahan
Mrs. Emerson                        Mr. Cunningham
Mr. Hinchey                         Mr. DeLay
Mr. Hoyer                           Mr. Frelinghuysen
Mr. Jackson                         Ms. Granger
Ms. Kaptur                          Mr. Hobson
Ms. Kilpatrick                      Mr. Istook
Mrs. Lowey                          Mr. Kingston
Mr. Mollohan                        Mr. Knollenberg
Mr. Moran                           Mr. Kolbe
Mr. Obey                            Mr. Latham
Mr. Olver                           Mrs. Meek
Mr. Pastor                          Mr. Miller
Ms. Pelosi                          Mrs. Northup
Mr. Price                           Mr. Packard
Ms. Roybal-Allard                   Mr. Porter
Mr. Sabo                            Mr. Regula
Mr. Serrano                         Mr. Rogers
Mr. Walsh                           Mr. Skeen
                                    Mr. Sununu
                                    Mr. Taylor
                                    Mr. Tiahrt
                                    Mr. Wamp
                                    Mr. Wicker
                                    Mr. Wolf
                                    Mr. Young
                          Full Committee Votes

    Pursuant to the provisions of clause 3(a)(1)(b) of rule 
XIII of the House of Representatives, the results of each roll 
call vote on an amendment or on the motion to report, together 
with the names of those voting for and those voting against, 
are printed below:

                             rollcall no. 4

    Date: July 30, 1999.
    Measure: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, FY 2000.
    Motion by: Mr. Dixon.
    Description of motion: To provide a total of $18,000,000 
from the Crime Victims Fund for payments of $1,500,000 to each 
of the individuals determined by the Secretary of State to be 
the survivor of the 12 American citizens killed during the 
bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
    Results: Rejected 21 Yeas to 33 Nays.
        Members Voting Yea            Members Voting Nay
Mr. Boyd                            Mr. Aderholt
Mr. Clyburn                         Mr. Blunt
Mr. Cramer                          Mr. Bonilla
Ms. DeLauro                         Mr. Callahan
Mr. Dixon                           Mr. Cunningham
Mr. Edwards                         Mr. DeLay
Mr. Hinchey                         Mr. Dickey
Mr. Hoyer                           Mrs. Emerson
Ms. Kilpatrick                      Mr. Frelinghuysen
Mrs. Lowey                          Ms. Granger
Mrs. Meek                           Mr. Hobson
Mr. Mollohan                        Mr. Istook
Mr. Moran                           Mr. Kingston
Mr. Obey                            Mr. Knollenberg
Mr. Olver                           Mr. Kolbe
Mr. Pastor                          Mr. Latham
Ms. Pelosi                          Mr. Lewis
Mr. Price                           Mr. Miller
Ms. Roybal-Allard                   Mr. Murtha
Mr. Serrano                         Mr. Nethercutt
Mr. Wolf                            Mrs. Northup
                                    Mr. Packard
                                    Mr. Porter
                                    Mr. Regula
                                    Mr. Rogers
                                    Mr. Sabo
                                    Mr. Skeen
                                    Mr. Sununu
                                    Mr. Taylor
                                    Mr. Walsh
                                    Mr. Wamp
                                    Mr. Wicker
                                    Mr. Young

      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
Department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 1999 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2000:



           Additional Views of David Obey and Jose E. Serrano

    Because the budget resolution adopted for the coming fiscal 
year severely restricts appropriations, and because the 
Majority in preparing that resolution planned to boost defense 
spending well above the amounts requested by the President, 
funding for non-defense appropriations is severely limited. The 
limitation is in fact so severe that the Majority lacks 
sufficient support within its own ranks to pass most or perhaps 
any of the non-defense appropriation bills within the levels 
permitted by the resolution. These facts are central to 
understanding what is at issue in the Commerce, Justice, State, 
Judiciary and Related Agencies Appropriation Bill for fiscal 
year 2000.
    The original allocation provided for this bill would have 
funded the bill at $6.1 billion below last year's level 
(assuming complete funding of the decennial Census) and $7.7 
billion below the level requested by the President.
    The bill reported by the Committee has mitigated some of 
the irrationality that such an allocation would have required. 
But it has done so largely by passing the problem on to other 
areas of discretionary spending, namely programs aimed at 
improving education, health and worker protection and by gross 
abuse of the ``emergency spending'' provisions of the Budget 
Act.
    Perhaps the most delicate and critical provision of the 
Budget Act is the discretion it grants the Congress with 
respect to emergencies. The government is frequently faced with 
unanticipated demands on the Treasury. While these demands can 
not be foreseen, they are often for purposes that are critical 
to the well being of the country and often enjoy strong popular 
sentiment. If the Congress were required to renegotiate all 
prior year spending agreements in order to accommodate such 
emergencies, it would be likely to fail in meeting its 
responsibilities. If the Congress were to use its discretion 
recklessly, it would eventually lose the discretion to declare 
emergencies and fail in meeting its responsibilities.
    It is hard to envision a more reckless abuse of the 
emergency provisions of the Budget Act than the one contained 
in this legislation. A total of $4.5 billion for conducting the 
2000 Census is declared an ``emergency'', presumably on the 
theory that it was unforeseen. But clearly, it would be 
difficult to find an activity of the federal government that 
was more foreseen than the Census. It is one of the few 
specific activities of the government funded in an annual 
appropriation bill that is mandated by the original 
Constitution.
    Despite the additional $4.5 billion which the ``emergency'' 
designation provides, this bill still imposes deep and 
unacceptable cuts in critical governmental functions.
    Virtually all areas of federal law enforcement are cut 
deeply below the levels requested by the President including 
funds aimed at enhancing our efforts to respond to the treat of 
terrorism. Cuts are made in the Drug Enforcement 
Administration, the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Federal 
Marshals, U.S. Attorneys and other federal prosecutors. Despite 
the evidence that the Community Oriented Policing Services 
(COPS) program has contributed to the significant reduction in 
crime in recent years, that program was funded at $1 billion 
below last year's level with no funding for the President's 
follow-on 21st Century Policing Initiative. Although the 
Subcommittee argues that this program is not currently 
authorized, a glance at the programs listed elsewhere in this 
report under the heading ``Appropriations Not Authorized By 
Law'' will show that very few programs in this bill are 
currently authorized.
    The bill could have a drastic impact on the Small Business 
Administration and the nation's 24 million small businesses. 
The funding for SBA salaries and expenses in this bill is $80 
Million below the amount requested. According to estimates from 
the Agency, this funding level--if enacted--would result in a 
reduction-in-force of more than 2,400 Federal employees, or 74 
percent of SBA's workforce. SBA has already been impacted by 
reductions of 20 percent of its workforce over the past decade. 
This reduction would effectively shut down the Agency and its 
ability to monitor the current $45 Billion loan portfolio.
    Once again the Legal Services Corporation ($141 Million) is 
scheduled for termination. The funding level would jeopardize 
the access of the nation's poorest citizens to basic legal 
assistance, calling into question the Federalgovernment's 
commitment to ensuring that all citizens have equal access to the 
judicial system, regardless of their income. This funding level for LSC 
is similar to that reported by the Committee for the past few years--
and in each of those years an amendment to increase Legal Services 
funding has been agreed to on the House Floor. This year, because of 
the subcommittee's drastically reduced allocation, it will be difficult 
to put together an amendment to restore LSC funding to something 
approaching the current year funding level of $300 Million. In a bill 
this tight, finding acceptable offsets is all but impossible.
    The funding provided in the bill for the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission, while equal to the amount provided for 
the current year, will curtail the agency's efforts to 
significantly reduce the backlog of discrimination complaints 
and to strengthen the effective use of alternative dispute 
resolution techniques. The Administration had sought an 
increase for the EEOC, and that increase is vital in order to 
ensure the fair application and enforcement of anti-
discrimination laws. The Committee's recommendation for the 
Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice is also too 
low. The level recommended in this bill will stymie the 
Department's efforts to expand its investigations and 
prosecutions of criminal civil rights cases (including hate 
crimes and police misconduct), fair housing and lending cases, 
and violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
    There are also unacceptable funding reductions for 
scientific activities in National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA) under the Department of Commerce. While 
the proposed does protect current funding levels for the 
operations of the National Weather Service, it underfunds 
critical investments in science systems and infrastructure that 
will enable the weather service to provide more accurate 
forecasts in the future. On the other side of NOAA, there are 
cuts below current services levels for many critical fishery 
and ocean resource protection programs.
    The bill reported by the Committee also does not contain 
full funding for arrears owed to the United Nations. We are 
concerned that the bill underfunds our annual UN contributions 
and that the bill could result in the loss of United States' 
vote in the UN General Assembly. Further, it undermines our 
efforts to achieve management and budget reforms at the United 
Nations.
    State Department funds are frozen at about last year's 
level. Since most of the money contained in this bill for the 
Department is for the payment of salaries and expenses and 
since the Congress has granted a cost of living increase for 
federal employees, the bill will force difficult choices 
including the closure of some foreign diplomatic posts.
    Finally, the bill proposes to reduce or eliminate certain 
initiatives contained in the President's Budget, which will be 
unacceptable to the Administration. For example, the bill 
eliminates funding for the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) 
under the Department of Commerce.
    We do not fault the Chairman of the Subcommittee for his 
efforts in constructing this bill. The faults contained in this 
legislation result from the inadequacy of the allocation and 
the micromanagement by his leadership. Within the parameters he 
was given he produced as fair and as balanced a bill as was 
possible. But we do not believe this bill serves the interests 
of the American people and we regret that it has come to the 
House Floor in its current form.

                                   David Obey.
                                   Jose E. Serrano.