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106th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     106-550

======================================================================



 
                 CHESAPEAKE BAY RESTORATION ACT OF 1999

                                _______
                                

 March 29, 2000.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Shuster, from the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3039]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 3039) to amend the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act to assist in the restoration of the 
Chesapeake Bay, and for other purposes, having considered the 
same, report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend 
that the bill do pass.

                          Summary and Purpose

    H.R. 3039, the ``Chesapeake Bay Restoration Act of 1999,'' 
amends the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to assist in the 
restoration of the Chesapeake Bay.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United 
States. It provides millions of pounds of seafood, extensive 
wildlife habitat, a wide variety of recreational opportunities, 
and is a major hub for shipping and commerce. The Chesapeake 
Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that directs and 
conducts the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay under the 
voluntary Chesapeake Bay Agreement, first adopted in 1983. Two 
additional Chesapeake Bay agreements were signed in 1987 and 
1992. Another agreement, ``Chesapeake 2000,'' is expected to be 
signed this summer. The signatories to the Chesapeake Bay 
Agreements are Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, the District 
of Columbia, the Chesapeake Bay Commission, and the U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency (``EPA'').
    A great deal of progress has been made in restoring the 
Chesapeake Bay. Nutrient levels are declining, toxic pollutant 
releases have been reduced by 67% since 1988, bay grasses have 
increased, the striped bass are recovering, and bald eagles are 
coming back. However, much remains to be done. Parts of the Bay 
remain impaired or threatened, particularly due to nutrients, 
and there have been declines in oyster populations and in water 
clarity.
    EPA's participation in the Chesapeake Bay Program was 
authorized formally in the 1987 amendments to the Federal Water 
Pollution Control Act, which added section 117 to that Act. 
Section 117 authorized $52 million in federal assistance for 
the Chesapeake Bay Program: $3 million a year for each of 
fiscal years 1987 through 1990 for the Chesapeake Bay Program 
office and $10 million a year for each of fiscal years 1987 
through 1990 for grants to implement interstate development 
plan grants. The authorization for the Chesapeake Bay Program 
expired in 1990.
    H.R. 3039 addresses the need for continuing cooperative 
federal, state, and local efforts to restore the Chesapeake Bay 
by authorizing $180 million for the Chesapeake Bay Program: 
$30,000,000 a year for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2005. 
In addition, the bill requires federal facilities to 
participate in watershed planning and restoration activities. 
Finally, the bill requires a study of the state of the 
Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and a study of the Chesapeake Bay 
Program's effect on this ecosystem.

      Discussion of Committee Bill and Section-By-Section Analysis


Section 1. Short title

    Provides that the Act may be cited as the ``Chesapeake Bay 
Restoration Act of 1999.''

Section 2. Findings and purposes

    (a) Findings.--Makes Congressional findings relating to the 
significance of the Chesapeake Bay, the Bay's diminished 
productivity and water quality due to pollution, the efforts of 
the signatories to the Chesapeake Bay Agreement to improve 
water quality and productivity, and the need to expand the 
federal support for these efforts.
    (b) Purposes.--States that the purposes of this Act are to 
expand and strengthen cooperative efforts to restore and 
protect the Chesapeake Bay and to achieve the goals of the 
Chesapeake Bay Agreement.

Section 3. Chesapeake Bay

    Amends section 117 of the Federal Water Pollution Control 
Act as follows:
    (a) Definitions.--Defines ``Administrative Cost,'' 
``Chesapeake Bay Agreement,'' ``Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem,'' 
``Chesapeake Bay Program,'' ``Chesapeake Executive Council,'' 
and ``Signatory Jurisdiction.''
    (b) Continuation of Chesapeake Bay Program.--Requires EPA 
to continue the Chesapeake Bay Program, including maintaining 
the Chesapeake Bay Program Office. Requires the Chesapeake Bay 
Program Office to provide support to the Chesapeake Executive 
Council.
    (c) Interagency Agreements.--Authorizes EPA to enter into 
an interagency agreement with a federal agency to carry out 
this section.
    (d) Technical Assistance and Assistance Grants.--Authorizes 
EPA, in cooperation with the Chesapeake Executive Council, to 
provide technical assistance and assistance grants to nonprofit 
organizations, state and local governments, colleges and 
universities, and interstate agencies. The federal share of 
such grants shall not exceed 75 percent.
    (e) Implementation and Monitoring Grants.--Requires EPA to 
provide grants to signatories of the Chesapeake Bay Agreement 
to implement that agreement. Also authorizes grants to 
signatories for monitoring the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. The 
federal share of such grants shall not exceed 50 percent. 
Requires an annual report on all projects funded each fiscal 
year.
    (f) Federal Facilities and Budget Coordination.--Requires 
federal agencies that own or operate a facility within the 
Chesapeake Bay watershed to participate in watershed planning 
and restoration programs and to comply with the Chesapeake Bay 
Agreement and the Federal Agencies Chesapeake Ecosystem Unified 
Plan. Requires the heads of such agencies to submit a budget 
request to the President to carry out these activities.
    (g) Chesapeake Bay Program.--
    (1) Management Strategies.--Directs EPA, in coordination 
with other members of the Council, to ensure that management 
plans are developed and implementation is begun by signatories 
to the Chesapeake Bay Agreement to achieve the goals of that 
Agreement. The Committee expects EPA to meet the requirements 
of this paragraph through the award of implementation grants 
under subsection (e). Nothing in the Chesapeake Bay Restoration 
Act provides EPA with any additional regulatory authorities.
    (2) Small Watershed Grants Program.--Requires EPA, in 
cooperation with the Council, to establish a small watershed 
grants program to offer technical assistance and assistance 
grants to local governments, nonprofit organizations, and 
individuals in the Chesapeake Bay region for cooperative 
tributary basin strategies and locally based protection and 
restoration projects.
    (h) Study of Chesapeake Bay Program.--Requires EPA, in 
coordination with the Council, to submit a report to Congress 
every five years on the state of the Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem, 
and recommendations for improved management of the Chesapeake 
Bay Program.
    (i) Special Study of Living Resource Response.--Requires 
EPA to begin a five-year special study of the response of 
living resources of the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem to 
improvements in water quality resulting from the Chesapeake Bay 
Program.
    (j) Authorization of Appropriations.--Authorizes 
$30,000,000 a year for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2005 
to carry out section 117.

                                Hearings

    On July 13, 1999, the Water Resources and Environment 
Subcommittee held a hearing on several coastal and estuary 
bills that addressed many issues, including reauthorization of 
the Chesapeake Bay program. Testimony was given by 
Representative Saxton (NJ), Representative Shays (CT), 
Representative Lowey (NY), Representative DeLauro (CT), 
Representative Lazio (NY), Representative Ackerman (NY), 
Representative Deutsch (FL), Representative Ros-Lehtinen (FL), 
Representative Johnson (CT), Representative Shaw (FL), and 
Representative Forbes (NY). In addition, testimony was given by 
Mr. Michael Davis of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Ms. Dana 
Minerva of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Ms. 
Sally Yozell of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, as well as representatives of coastal states 
and several environmental organizations.

                        Committee Consideration

    On November 8, 1999, the Water Resources and Environment 
Subcommittee reported H.R. 3039, by unanimous voice vote, 
favorably to the Full Committee.
    On March 16, 2000, the Full Committee met in open session 
and reported the bill, by unanimous voice vote.

                             Rollcall Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the House of Representatives 
requires each committee report to include the total number of 
votes cast for and against on each rollcall vote on a motion to 
report and on any amendment offered to the measure or matter, 
and the names of those members voting for and against. There 
were no recorded votes taken in connection with ordering H.R. 
3039 reported.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(1) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee's oversight findings and recommendations are 
reflected in this report.

                          Cost of Legislation

    Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives does not apply where a cost estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974 has been timely submitted prior to the filing of the 
report and is included in the report. Such a cost estimate is 
included in this report.

                    Compliance With House Rule XIII

    1. With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(2) of 
Rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, and 
308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee 
references the report of the Congressional Budget Office 
included below.
    2. With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(4) of 
Rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee has received no report of oversight findings and 
recommendations from the Committee on Government Reform and 
Oversight on the subject of H.R. 3039.
    3. With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(3) of 
Rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
Committee has received the following cost estimate for H.R. 
3039 from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office.

                      congressional budget office

H.R. 3039--Chesapeake Bay Restoration Act of 1999

    Summary: H.R. 3039 would authorize the appropriation of $30 
million for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2005 for the 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to continue activities 
associated with its Chesapeake Bay program, including 
conducting studies on the status of efforts to restore the bay 
and the response of plants and animals to improvements in water 
quality. Of the authorized levels, $20 million was appropriated 
in 2000. CBO estimates that implementing this legislation over 
the next six years would increase discretionary outlays by 
about $138 million. The bill would not affect direct spending 
or receipts; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures would not 
apply.
    H.R. 3039 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA). 
Any expenditures made by state and local governments to satisfy 
the matching requirements of grants authorized by this bill 
would be voluntary.
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: For purposes of 
this estimate, CBO assumes that the amounts authorized will be 
appropriated for each fiscal year and that outlays will occur 
at rates similar to those of past appropriations for EPA 
activities associated with the Chesapeake Bay program. The 
estimated impact of H.R. 3039 is shown in the following table. 
The costs of this legislation fall within budget function 300 
(natural resources and the environment).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--

                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
                                                                   2000    2001    2002    2003    2004    2005
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION


Spending Under Current Law:
    Budget Authority............................................      20       0       0       0       0       0
    Estimated Outlays...........................................      20      10       4       1       0       0
Proposed Changes:
    Estimated Authority Level...................................      10      30      30      30      30      30
    Estimated Outlays...........................................       3      20      26      29      30      30
Spending Under H.R. 3039:
    Estimated Authorization Level \1\...........................      30      30      30      30      30      30
    Estimated Outlays...........................................      23      30      30      30      30      30
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Of the amount shown for 2000, $20 million has already been appropriated.

    Pay-as-you-go considerations: None.
    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: The bill 
contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as 
defined in UMRA. Any expenditures made by state and local 
governments to satisfy the matching requirements of grants 
authorized by this bill would be voluntary.
    Previous CBO estimate: On October 7, 1999, CBO transmitted 
a cost estimate for S. 492, also titled the Chesapeake Bay 
Restoration Act of 1999, as reported by the Senate Committee on 
Environment and Public Works on September 29, 1999. Both S. 492 
and H.R. 3039 would reauthorize the Chesapeake Bay program and 
authorize appropriations of $30 million for each of fiscal 
years 2000 through 2005.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal Costs: Susanne S. Mehlman. 
Impact on State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Theresa Gullo.
    Estimate approved by: Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause (3)(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, committee reports on a bill or 
joint resolution of a public character shall include a 
statement citing the specific powers granted to the Congress in 
the Constitution to enact the measure. The Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure finds that Congress has the 
authority to enact this measure pursuant to its powers granted 
under article I, section 8 of the Constitution.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act. (Public Law 104-4.)

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                Applicability to the Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act. (Public Law 
104-1.)

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

         SECTION 117 OF THE FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT


[SEC. 117. CHESAPEAKE BAY.

      [(a) Office.--The Administrator shall continue the 
Chesapeake Bay Program and shall establish and maintain the 
Environmental Protection Agency an office, division, or branch 
of Chesapeake Bay Programs to--
          [(1) collect and make available, through publications 
        and other appropriate means, information pertaining to 
        the environmental quality of the Chesapeake Bay 
        (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the 
        ``Bay'');
          [(2) coordinate Federal and State efforts to improve 
        the water quality of the Bay;
          [(3) determine the impact of sediment deposition in 
        the Bay and identify the sources, rates, routes, and 
        distribution patterns of such sediment deposition; and
          [(4) determine the impact of natural and man-induced 
        environmental changes on the living resources of the 
        Bay and the relationships among such changes with 
        particular emphasis placed on the impact of pollutant 
        loadings of nutrients, chlorine, acid precipitation, 
        dissolved oxygen, and toxic pollutants, including 
        organic chemicals and heavy metals, and with special 
        attention given to the impact of such changes on 
        striped bass.
      [(b) Interstate Development Plan Grants.--
          [(1) Authority.--The Administrator shall, at the 
        request of the Governor of a State affected by the 
        interstate management plan developed pursuant to the 
        Chesapeake Bay Program (hereinafter in this section 
        referred to as the ``plan''), make a grant for the 
        purpose of implementing the management mechanisms 
        contained in the plan if such State has, within 1 year 
        after the date of the enactment of this section, 
        approved and committed to implement all or 
        substantially all aspects of the plan. Such grants 
        shall be made subject to such terms and conditions as 
        the Administrator considers appropriate.
          [(2) Submission of proposal.--A State or combination 
        of States may elect to avail itself of the benefits of 
        this subsection by submitting to the Administrator a 
        comprehensive proposal to implement management 
        mechanisms contained in the plan which shall include 
        (A) a description of proposed abatement actions which 
        the State or combination of States commits to take 
        within a specified time period to reduce pollution in 
        the Bay and to meet applicable water quality standards, 
        and (B) the estimated cost of the abatement actions 
        proposed to be taken during the next fiscal year. If 
        the Administrator finds that such proposal is 
        consistent with the national policies set forth in 
        section 101(a) of this Act and will contribute to the 
        achievement of the national goals set forth in such 
        section, the Administrator shall approve such proposal 
        and shall finance the costs of implementing segments of 
        such proposal.
          [(3) Federal share.--Grants under this subsection 
        shall not exceed 50 percent of the costs of 
        implementing the management mechanisms contained in the 
        plan in any fiscal year and shall be made on condition 
        that non-Federal sources provide the remainder of the 
        cost of implementing the management mechanisms 
        contained in the plan during such fiscal year.
          [(4) Administrative costs.--Administrative costs in 
        the form of salaries, overhead, or indirect costs for 
        services provided and charged against programs or 
        projects supported by funds made available under this 
        subsection shall not exceed in any one fiscal year 10 
        percent of the annual Federal grant made to a State 
        under this subsection.
      [(c) Reports.--Any State or combination of States that 
receives a grant under subsection (b) shall, within 18 months 
after the date of receipt of such grant and biennially 
thereafter, report to the Administrator on the progress made in 
implementing the interstate management plan developed pursuant 
to the Chesapeake Bay Program. The Administrator shall transmit 
each such report along with the comments of the Administrator 
on such report to Congress.
      [(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated the following sums, to remain 
available until expended, to carry out the purposes of this 
section:
          [(1) $3,000,000 per fiscal year for each of the 
        fiscal years 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990, to carry out 
        subsection (a); and
          [(2) $10,000,000 per fiscal year for each of the 
        fiscal years 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990, for grants to 
        States under subsection (b).]

SEC. 117. CHESAPEAKE BAY.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
          (1) Administrative cost.--The term ``administrative 
        cost'' means the cost of salaries and fringe benefits 
        incurred in administering a grant under this section.
          (2) Chesapeake bay agreement.--The term ``Chesapeake 
        Bay Agreement'' means the formal, voluntary agreements 
        executed to achieve the goal of restoring and 
        protecting the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and the living 
        resources of the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem and signed by 
        the Chesapeake Executive Council.
          (3) Chesapeake bay ecosystem.--The term ``Chesapeake 
        Bay ecosystem'' means the ecosystem of the Chesapeake 
        Bay and its watershed.
          (4) Chesapeake bay program.--The term ``Chesapeake 
        Bay Program'' means the program directed by the 
        Chesapeake Executive Council in accordance with the 
        Chesapeake Bay Agreement.
          (5) Chesapeake executive council.--The term 
        ``Chesapeake Executive Council'' means the signatories 
        to the Chesapeake Bay Agreement.
          (6) Signatory jurisdiction.--The term ``signatory 
        jurisdiction'' means a jurisdiction of a signatory to 
        the Chesapeake Bay Agreement.
  (b) Continuation of Chesapeake Bay Program.--
          (1) In general.--In cooperation with the Chesapeake 
        Executive Council (and as a member of the Council), the 
        Administrator shall continue the Chesapeake Bay 
        Program.
          (2) Program office.--
                  (A) In general.--The Administrator shall 
                maintain in the Environmental Protection Agency 
                a Chesapeake Bay Program Office.
                  (B) Function.--The Chesapeake Bay Program 
                Office shall provide support to the Chesapeake 
                Executive Council by--
                          (i) implementing and coordinating 
                        science, research, modeling, support 
                        services, monitoring, data collection, 
                        and other activities that support the 
                        Chesapeake Bay Program;
                          (ii) developing and making available, 
                        through publications, technical 
                        assistance, and other appropriate 
                        means, information pertaining to the 
                        environmental quality and living 
                        resources of the Chesapeake Bay 
                        ecosystem;
                          (iii) in cooperation with appropriate 
                        Federal, State, and local authorities, 
                        assisting the signatories to the 
                        Chesapeake Bay Agreement in developing 
                        and implementing specific action plans 
                        to carry out the responsibilities of 
                        the signatories to the Chesapeake Bay 
                        Agreement;
                          (iv) coordinating the actions of the 
                        Environmental Protection Agency with 
                        the actions of the appropriate 
                        officials of other Federal agencies and 
                        State and local authorities in 
                        developing strategies to--
                                  (I) improve the water quality 
                                and living resources in the 
                                Chesapeake Bay ecosystem; and
                                  (II) obtain the support of 
                                the appropriate officials of 
                                the agencies and authorities in 
                                achieving the objectives of the 
                                Chesapeake Bay Agreement; and
                          (v) implementing outreach programs 
                        for public information, education, and 
                        participation to foster stewardship of 
                        the resources of the Chesapeake Bay.
  (c) Interagency Agreements.--The Administrator may enter into 
an interagency agreement with a Federal agency to carry out 
this section.
  (d) Technical Assistance and Assistance Grants.--
          (1) In general.--In cooperation with the Chesapeake 
        Executive Council, the Administrator may provide 
        technical assistance, and assistance grants, to 
        nonprofit organizations, State and local governments, 
        colleges, universities, and interstate agencies to 
        achieve the goals and requirements contained 
insubsection (g)(1), subject to such terms and conditions as the 
Administrator considers appropriate.
          (2) Federal share.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the Federal share of an 
                assistance grant provided under paragraph (1) 
                shall be determined by the Administrator in 
                accordance with guidance issued by the 
                Administrator.
                  (B) Small watershed grants program.--The 
                Federal share of an assistance grant provided 
                under paragraph (1) to carry out an 
                implementing activity under subsection (g)(2) 
                shall not exceed 75 percent of eligible project 
                costs, as determined by the Administrator.
          (3) Non-federal share.--An assistance grant under 
        paragraph (1) shall be provided on the condition that 
        non-Federal sources provide the remainder of eligible 
        project costs, as determined by the Administrator.
          (4) Administrative costs.--Administrative costs shall 
        not exceed 10 percent of the annual grant award.
  (e) Implementation and Monitoring Grants.--
          (1) In general.--If a signatory jurisdiction has 
        approved and committed to implement all or 
        substantially all aspects of the Chesapeake Bay 
        Agreement, on the request of the chief executive of the 
        jurisdiction, the Administrator--
                  (A) shall make a grant to the jurisdiction 
                for the purpose of implementing the management 
                mechanisms established under the Chesapeake Bay 
                Agreement, subject to such terms and conditions 
                as the Administrator considers appropriate; and
                  (B) may make a grant to a signatory 
                jurisdiction for the purpose of monitoring the 
                Chesapeake Bay ecosystem.
          (2) Proposals.--
                  (A) In general.--A signatory jurisdiction 
                described in paragraph (1) may apply for a 
                grant under this subsection for a fiscal year 
                by submitting to the Administrator a 
                comprehensive proposal to implement management 
                mechanisms established under the Chesapeake Bay 
                Agreement.
                  (B) Contents.--A proposal under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include--
                          (i) a description of proposed 
                        management mechanisms that the 
                        jurisdiction commits to take within a 
                        specified time period, such as reducing 
                        or preventing pollution in the 
                        Chesapeake Bay and its watershed or 
                        meeting applicable water quality 
                        standards or established goals and 
                        objectives under the Chesapeake Bay 
                        Agreement; and
                          (ii) the estimated cost of the 
                        actions proposed to be taken during the 
                        fiscal year.
          (3) Approval.--If the Administrator finds that the 
        proposal is consistent with the Chesapeake Bay 
        Agreement and the national goals established under 
        section 101(a), the Administrator may approve the 
        proposal for an award.
          (4) Federal share.--The Federal share of an 
        implementation grant under this subsection shall not 
        exceed 50 percent of the cost of implementing the 
        management mechanisms during the fiscal year.
          (5) Non-federal share.--An implementation grant under 
        this subsection shall be made on the condition that 
        non-Federal sources provide the remainder of the costs 
        of implementing the management mechanisms during the 
        fiscal year.
          (6) Administrative costs.--Administrative costs shall 
        not exceed 10 percent of the annual grant award.
          (7) Reporting.--On or before October 1 of each fiscal 
        year, the Administrator shall make available to the 
        public a document that lists and describes, in the 
        greatest practicable degree of detail--
                  (A) all projects and activities funded for 
                the fiscal year;
                  (B) the goals and objectives of projects 
                funded for the previous fiscal year; and
                  (C) the net benefits of projects funded for 
                previous fiscal years.
  (f) Federal Facilities and Budget Coordination.--
          (1) Subwatershed planning and restoration.--A Federal 
        agency that owns or operates a facility (as defined by 
        the Administrator) within the Chesapeake Bay watershed 
        shall participate in regional and subwatershed planning 
        and restoration programs.
          (2) Compliance with agreement.--The head of each 
        Federal agency that owns or occupies real property in 
        the Chesapeake Bay watershed shall ensure that the 
        property, and actions taken by the agency with respect 
        to the property, comply with the Chesapeake Bay 
        Agreement, the Federal Agencies Chesapeake Ecosystem 
        Unified Plan, and any subsequent agreements and plans.
          (3) Budget coordination.--
                  (A) In general.--As part of the annual budget 
                submission of each Federal agency with projects 
                or grants related to restoration, planning, 
                monitoring, or scientific investigation of the 
                Chesapeake Bay ecosystem, the head of the 
                agency shall submit to the President a report 
                that describes plans for the expenditure of the 
                funds under this section.
                  (B) Disclosure to the council.--The head of 
                each agency referred to in subparagraph (A) 
                shall disclose the report under that 
                subparagraph with the Chesapeake Executive 
                Council as appropriate.
  (g) Chesapeake Bay Program.--
          (1) Management strategies.--The Administrator, in 
        coordination with other members of the Chesapeake 
        Executive Council, shall ensure that management plans 
        are developed and implementation is begun by 
        signatories to the Chesapeake Bay Agreement to 
        achieve--
                  (A) the nutrient goals of the Chesapeake Bay 
                Agreement for the quantity of nitrogen and 
                phosphorus entering the Chesapeake Bay and its 
                watershed;
                  (B) the water quality requirements necessary 
                to restore living resources in the Chesapeake 
                Bay ecosystem;
                  (C) the Chesapeake Bay Basinwide Toxins 
                Reduction and Prevention Strategy goal of 
                reducing or eliminating the input of chemical 
                contaminants from all controllable sources to 
                levels that result in no toxic or 
                bioaccumulative impact on the living resources 
                of the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem or on human 
                health;
                  (D) habitat restoration, protection, 
                creation, and enhancement goals established by 
                Chesapeake Bay Agreement signatories for 
                wetlands, riparian forests, and other types of 
                habitat associated with the Chesapeake Bay 
                ecosystem; and
                  (E) the restoration, protection, creation, 
                and enhancement goals established by the 
                Chesapeake Bay Agreement signatories for living 
                resources associated with the Chesapeake Bay 
                ecosystem.
          (2) Small watershed grants program.--The 
        Administrator, in cooperation with the Chesapeake 
        Executive Council, shall--
                  (A) establish a small watershed grants 
                program as part of the Chesapeake Bay Program; 
                and
                  (B) offer technical assistance and assistance 
                grants under subsection (d) to local 
                governments and nonprofit organizations and 
                individuals in the Chesapeake Bay region to 
                implement--
                          (i) cooperative tributary basin 
                        strategies that address the water 
                        quality and living resource needs in 
                        the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem; and
                          (ii) locally based protection and 
                        restoration programs or projects within 
                        a watershed that complement the 
                        tributary basin strategies, including 
                        the creation, restoration, protection, 
                        or enhancement of habitat associated 
                        with the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem.
  (h) Study of Chesapeake Bay Program.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than April 22, 2000, and 
        every 5 years thereafter, the Administrator, in 
        coordination with the Chesapeake Executive Council, 
        shall complete a study and submit to Congress a 
        comprehensive report on the results of the study.
          (2) Requirements.--The study and report shall--
                  (A) assess the state of the Chesapeake Bay 
                ecosystem;
                  (B) compare the current state of the 
                Chesapeake Bay ecosystem with its state in 
                1975, 1985, and 1995;
                  (C) assess the effectiveness of management 
                strategies being implemented on the date of 
                enactment of this section and the extent to 
                which the priority needs are being met;
                  (D) make recommendations for the improved 
                management of the Chesapeake Bay Program either 
                by strengthening strategies being implemented 
                on the date of enactment of this section or by 
                adopting new strategies; and
                  (E) be presented in such a format as to be 
                readily transferable to and usable by other 
                watershed restoration programs.
  (i) Special Study of Living Resource Response.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this section, the Administrator 
        shall commence a 5-year special study with full 
        participation of the scientific community of the 
        Chesapeake Bay to establish and expand understanding of 
        the response of the living resources of the Chesapeake 
        Bay ecosystem to improvements in water quality that 
        have resulted from investments made through the 
        Chesapeake Bay Program.
          (2) Requirements.--The study shall--
                  (A) determine the current status and trends 
                of living resources, including grasses, 
                benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, fish, and 
                shellfish;
                  (B) establish to the extent practicable the 
                rates of recovery of the living resources in 
                response to improved water quality condition;
                  (C) evaluate and assess interactions of 
                species, with particular attention to the 
                impact of changes within and among trophic 
                levels; and
                  (D) recommend management actions to optimize 
                the return of a healthy and balanced ecosystem 
                in response to improvements in the quality and 
                character of the waters of the Chesapeake Bay.
  (j) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2000 through 2005.