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107th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     107-657
======================================================================
 
              MOSQUITO ABATEMENT FOR SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT

                                _______
                                

 September 13, 2002.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on 
            the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Tauzin, from the Committee on Energy and Commerce, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 4793]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Energy and Commerce, to whom was referred 
the bill (H.R. 4793) to authorize grants through the Centers 
for Disease Control and Prevention for mosquito control 
programs to prevent mosquito-borne diseases, having considered 
the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment and 
recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Amendment........................................................     1
Purpose and Summary..............................................     4
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     4
Hearings.........................................................     5
Committee Consideration..........................................     5
Committee Votes..................................................     5
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     5
Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives............     5
New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures     5
Committee Cost Estimate..........................................     5
Congressional Budget Office Estimate.............................     5
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................     7
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................     7
Constitutional Authority Statement...............................     7
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................     7
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................     7
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     9

                               Amendment

  The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Mosquito Abatement for Safety and 
Health Act''.

SEC. 2. GRANTS REGARDING PREVENTION OF MOSQUITO-BORNE DISEASES.

  Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 243 
et seq.), as amended by section 4 of Public Law 107-84 and section 312 
of Public Law 107-188, is amended--
          (1) by transferring section 317R from the current placement 
        of the section and inserting the section after section 317Q; 
        and
          (2) by inserting after section 317R (as so transferred) the 
        following section:

``SEC. 317S. MOSQUITO-BORNE DISEASES; ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL GRANTS TO 
                    POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS; COORDINATION GRANTS TO 
                    STATES.

  ``(a) Prevention and Control Grants to Political Subdivisions.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the Director 
        of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may make 
        grants to political subdivisions of States for the operation of 
        mosquito control programs to prevent and control mosquito-borne 
        diseases (referred to in this section as `control programs').
          ``(2) Preference in making grants.--In making grants under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give preference to political 
        subdivisions that--
                  ``(A) have an incidence or prevalence of mosquito-
                borne disease, or a population of infected mosquitoes, 
                that is substantial relative to other political 
                subdivisions;
                  ``(B) demonstrate to the Secretary that the political 
                subdivisions will, if appropriate to the mosquito 
                circumstances involved, effectively coordinate the 
                activities of the control programs with contiguous 
                political subdivisions; and
                  ``(C) demonstrate to the Secretary (directly or 
                through State officials) that the State in which the 
                political subdivision is located has identified or will 
                identify geographic areas in the State that have a 
                significant need for control programs and will 
                effectively coordinate such programs in such areas.
          ``(3) Requirement of assessment and plan.--A grant may be 
        made under paragraph (1) only if the political subdivision 
        involved--
                  ``(A) has conducted an assessment to determine the 
                immediate needs in such subdivision for a control 
                program, including an entomological survey of potential 
                mosquito breeding areas; and
                  ``(B) has, on the basis of such assessment, developed 
                a plan for carrying out such a program.
          ``(4) Requirement of matching funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--With respect to the costs of a 
                control program to be carried out under paragraph (1) 
                by a political subdivision, a grant under such 
                paragraph may be made only if the subdivision agrees to 
                make available (directly or through donations from 
                public or private entities) non-Federal contributions 
                toward such costs in an amount that is not less than 
                \1/3\ of such costs ($1 for each $2 of Federal funds 
                provided in the grant).
                  ``(B) Determination of amount contributed.--Non-
                Federal contributions required in subparagraph (A) may 
                be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including 
                plant, equipment, or services. Amounts provided by the 
                Federal Government, or services assisted or subsidized 
                to any significant extent by the Federal Government, 
                may not be included in determining the amount of such 
                non-Federal contributions.
                  ``(C) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
                requirement established in subparagraph (A) if the 
                Secretary determines that extraordinary economic 
                conditions in the political subdivision involved 
                justify the waiver.
          ``(5) Reports to secretary.--A grant may be made under 
        paragraph (1) only if the political subdivision involved agrees 
        that, promptly after the end of the fiscal year for which the 
        grant is made, the subdivision will submit to the Secretary, 
        and to the State within which the subdivision is located, a 
        report that describes the control program and contains an 
        evaluation of whether the program was effective.
          ``(6) Amount of grant; number of grants.--A grant under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may not exceed $100,000. A 
        political subdivision may not receive more than one grant under 
        such paragraph.
  ``(b) Assessment Grants to Political Subdivisions.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the Director 
        of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may make 
        grants to political subdivisions of States to conduct the 
        assessments and to develop the plans that are required in 
        paragraph (3) of subsection (a) as a condition of receiving a 
        grant under paragraph (1) of such subsection.
          ``(2) Amount of grant; number of grants.--A grant under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may not exceed $10,000. A 
        political subdivision may not receive more than one grant under 
        such paragraph.
  ``(c) Coordination Grants to States.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the Director 
        of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may make 
        grants to States for the purpose of coordinating control 
        programs in the State.
          ``(2) Preference in making grants.--In making grants under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give preference to States 
        that have one or more political subdivisions with an incidence 
        or prevalence of mosquito-borne disease, or a population of 
        infected mosquitoes, that is substantial relative to political 
        subdivisions in other States.
          ``(3) Certain requirements.--A grant may be made under 
        paragraph (1) only if--
                  ``(A) the State involved has developed, or agrees to 
                develop, a plan for coordinating control programs in 
                the State, and the plan takes into account any 
                assessments or plans described in subsection (a)(3) 
                that have been conducted or developed, respectively, by 
                political subdivisions in the State;
                  ``(B) in developing such plan, the State consulted or 
                will consult (as the case may be under subparagraph 
                (A)) with political subdivisions in the State that are 
                carrying out or planning to carry out control programs; 
                and
                  ``(C) the State agrees to monitor control programs in 
                the State in order to ensure that the programs are 
                carried out in accordance with such plan, with priority 
                given to coordination of control programs in political 
                subdivisions described in paragraph (2) that are 
                contiguous.
          ``(4) Reports to secretary.--A grant may be made under 
        paragraph (1) only if the State involved agrees that, promptly 
        after the end of the fiscal year for which the grant is made, 
        the State will submit to the Secretary a report that--
                  ``(A) describes the activities of the State under the 
                grant; and
                  ``(B) contains an evaluation of whether the control 
                programs of political subdivisions in the State were 
                effectively coordinated with each other, which 
                evaluation takes into account any reports that the 
                State received under subsection (a)(5) from such 
                subdivisions.
          ``(5) Amount of grant; number of grants.--A grant under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may not exceed $10,000. A State 
        may not receive more than one grant under such paragraph.
  ``(d) Applications for Grants.--A grant may be made under subsection 
(a), (b), or (c) only if an application for the grant is submitted to 
the Secretary and the application is in such form, is made in such 
manner, and contains such agreements, assurances, and information as 
the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this section.
  ``(e) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide training and 
technical assistance with respect to the planning, development, and 
operation of control programs under subsection (a) and assessments and 
plans under subsection (b). The Secretary may provide such technical 
assistance directly or through awards of grants or contracts to public 
and private entities.
  ``(f) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
          ``(1) The term `control program' has the meaning indicated 
        for such term in subsection (a)(1).
          ``(2) The term `political subdivision' means the local 
        political jurisdiction immediately below the level of State 
        government, including counties, parishes, and boroughs. If 
        State law recognizes an entity of general government that 
        functions in lieu of, and is not within, a county, parish, or 
        borough, the Secretary may recognize an area under the 
        jurisdiction of such other entities of general government as a 
        political subdivision for purposes of this Act.
  ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the purpose of carrying 
out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $100,000,000 
for fiscal year 2003, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
fiscal years 2004 through 2007. In the case of control programs carried 
out in response to a mosquito-borne disease that constitutes a public 
health emergency, the authorization of appropriations under the 
preceding sentence is in addition to applicable authorizations of 
appropriations under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism 
Preparedness and Response Act of 2002.''.

SEC. 3. RESEARCH PROGRAM OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 
                    SCIENCES.

  Subpart 12 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 
U.S.C. 285 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following 
section:
          ``methods of controlling certain insect populations
  ``Sec. 463B. The Director of the Institute shall conduct or support 
research to identify or develop methods of controlling the population 
of insects that transmit to humans diseases that have significant 
adverse health consequences.''.

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 4793 establishes three temporary grant programs to 
assist States and localities in coordinating and operating 
mosquito control programs.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Public health officials are growing increasingly concerned 
about the spread of West Nile virus. West Nile virus is spread 
by the bite of an infected mosquito, and can infect humans, 
birds, and many other animals. To date, most people who have 
become infected with West Nile virus have either shown no 
symptoms or suffer from flu-like symptoms, lasting a few days. 
However, West Nile virus can cause severe health complications, 
which can be fatal. The most severe cases of West Nile virus 
infections cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), 
meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and 
spinal cord), and meinigoencephalitis (inflammation of the 
brain and the membrane surrounding it).
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 
reports that all residents of areas where West Nile virus 
activity has been identified are at risk of getting West Nile 
encephalitis. People over 50 years of age have the highest risk 
of severe disease. Scientists are currently studying whether 
there is a link between the level of a person's overall health 
and their risk of getting severe disease. Although scientists 
at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are conducting 
research for the development of a vaccine, there is currently 
no vaccine for West Nile virus. On August 21, 2002 the Food and 
Drug Administration approved a national trial of alpha 
interferon to determine whether it could become the first 
specific therapy to treat West Nile virus.
    West Nile virus was identified in New York City in 1999. 
This was the first time the virus had been located in North 
America, and in 1999 the virus contributed to the death of 
seven people, and several dozen people became ill. As of 
September 6, 2002, 42 states have reported West Nile virus 
infections in mosquitoes, animals, or humans. The number of 
human cases reported continues to rise, with CDC reporting 954 
human cases, and 43 deaths as of September 6, 2002.
    Mosquito-borne diseases affect millions of people worldwide 
annually. The CDC reports that currently the most effective way 
to prevent transmission of West Nile virus and other mosquito-
borne disease to humans and other animals, or to control an 
epidemic once transmission has begun, is to reduce human 
exposure via mosquito control. States and localities have 
established mosquito control programs to prevent and control 
the spread of mosquito-borne diseases. In general, these 
programs are primarily funded and maintained by local 
governments. However, many localities have not established 
mosquito control programs, nor have they completed a basic 
assessment, including an entomological survey of potential 
mosquito breeding areas, typically necessary to develop a 
comprehensive mosquito control plan.

                                Hearings

    The Committee on Energy and Commerce has not held hearings 
on the legislation.

                        Committee Consideration

    On Wednesday, September 4, 2002, the Committee on Energy 
and Commerce met in open markup session and favorably ordered 
reported H.R. 4793, as amended, by a voice vote.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the record votes 
on the motion to report legislation and amendments thereto. 
There were no record votes taken in connection with ordering 
H.R. 4793 reported. A motion by Mr. Tauzin to order H.R. 4793 
reported to the House, as amended, was agreed to by a voice 
vote.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    The Committee has not held oversight or legislative 
hearings on this legislation.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    The goal of H.R. 4793 is to establish three temporary grant 
programs to assist states and localities in coordinating and 
operating mosquito control programs.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee finds that H.R. 
4793, the Mosquito Abatement for Safety and Health Act, would 
result in no new or increased budget authority, entitlement 
authority, or tax expenditures or revenues.

                        Committee Cost Estimate

    The Committee adopts as its own the cost estimate prepared 
by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

                  Congressional Budget Office Estimate

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is the cost estimate 
provided by the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                Washington, DC, September 10, 2002.
Hon. W.J. ``Billy'' Tauzin,
Chairman, Committee on Energy and Commerce,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 4793, the Mosquito 
Abatement for Safety and Health Act.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contacts are Jeanne De 
Sa and Chris Topoleski.
            Sincerely,
                                          Barry B. Anderson
                                    (For Dan L. Crippen, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 4793--Mosquito Abatement for Safety and Health Act

    H.R. 4793 would authorize the Centers for Disease Control 
and Prevention (CDC) to provide grants and technical assistance 
to states and political subdivisions to prevent and control 
mosquito-borne disease. Grant funding would be available to 
political subdivisions to develop and operate abatement 
programs. States could use grant funds to coordinate mosquito 
control programs across the state. The bill would authorize 
appropriations of $100 million in fiscal year 2003 and such 
sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2004 through 2007 for 
those purposes. Additional provisions of the bill would direct 
the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support research on 
controlling insect populations that transmit disease to humans.
    The estimated cost to implement H.R. 4793 is shown in the 
following table. The costs of this legislation fall within 
budget function 550 (health).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                       By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                                    --------------------------------------------
                                                                       2003     2004     2005     2006     2007
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  CHANGES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION
Estimated Authorization Level:
    CDC............................................................      100      102      105      107      110
    NIH............................................................       30       31       31       32       33
                                                                    --------------------------------------------
      Total........................................................      130      133      136      139      143
                                                                    ============================================
Estimated Outlays:
    CDC............................................................       32      100      114      106      108
    NIH............................................................        7       23       27       29       31
                                                                    --------------------------------------------
      Total........................................................       39      123      141      135      139
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Assuming that the 2003 level is increased annually to 
reflect anticipated inflation, CBO estimates that implementing 
the CDC programs would require the appropriation of $524 
million over the 2003-2007 period. CBO estimates the NIH would 
require $30 million in 2003 and $157 million over the 2003-2007 
period to support the bill's research activities. Those figures 
are based on funding provided for similar research initiatives.
    Based on historical spending patterns for similar 
activities at CDC and NIH, CBO estimates that outlays would 
total $39 million in 2003 and $577 million over the 2003-2007 
period, assuming appropriations of the necessary amounts.
    Enacting the bill would not affect direct spending or 
receipts; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures would not apply. 
This legislation contains no intergovernmental or private-
sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act. 
Any costs to state and local governments to apply for or 
administer the grants would be voluntary.
    The CBO staff contacts for this estimate are Jeanne De Sa 
(CDC) and Chris Topoleski (NIH). This estimate was approved by 
Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy Assistant Director for Budget 
Analysis.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that the 
Constitutional authority for this legislation is provided in 
Article I, section 8, clause 3, which grants Congress the power 
to regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the several 
States, and with the Indian tribes.

                  Applicability to Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1. Short title

    Section 1 establishes the short title as the ``Mosquito 
Abatement for Safety and Health Act''.

Section 2. Grants regarding prevention of mosquito-borne disease

    Section 2 authorizes the Secretary of HHS, acting through 
the CDC, to make grants to political subdivisions of states for 
the operation of mosquito control programs to prevent and 
control mosquito-borne disease. The Secretary must give 
preference to political subdivisions that: (1) have an 
incidence or prevalence of mosquito-borne disease that is 
substantial relative to other areas; (2) demonstrate that they 
will coordinate with contiguous political subdivisions; and, 
(3) are located in states that plan to identify geographic 
areas that have a significant need for control, in an effort to 
better coordinate mosquito control programs. To be eligible for 
the grants, political subdivisions must conduct an assessment 
to determine the mosquito control needs of the area, including 
an entomological survey of potential mosquito breeding areas, 
and develop a plan, based on the assessment, for carrying out a 
mosquito control program. The Committee encourages political 
subdivisions to develop comprehensive mosquito control plans; 
political subdivisions should consult both public and private 
organization recommendations on how to administer optimal 
surveillance and control programs. Political subdivisions must 
agree to submit to their respective state and the Secretary a 
report that describes the control program conducted, evaluating 
whether the program was effective. Political subdivisions must 
provide a non-federal contribution (directly or through 
donations from public or private entities) that is not less 
than $1 for every $2 of federal funding provided in the grant. 
This matching funding may be cash or in-kind. The maximum 
federal contribution may not exceed $100,000 per political 
subdivision for a fiscal year. The Secretary may waive the 
matching fund requirement if the Secretary determines 
extraordinary economic conditions justify the waiver. A 
political subdivision may not receive more than one mosquito 
control grant. This section does not seek to displace the 
responsibility that local communities and states have to budget 
for mosquito control programs.
    This section also authorizes the Secretary to make grants 
to political subdivisions of states to conduct assessments, 
including entomological surveys of potential mosquito breeding 
areas, and to develop mosquito control plans. The assessment 
grant may be as much as $10,000; no matching funds are required 
for participation. A political subdivision may not receive more 
than one mosquito assessment grant.
    In addition to the mosquito operation and assessment 
grants, the Secretary is authorized to make grants to states 
for the purpose of coordinating mosquito control programs. The 
Secretary must give preference to states that have one or more 
political subdivisions with an incidence or prevalence of 
mosquito-borne disease that is substantial relative to other 
states. To be eligible, the state must develop a plan for 
coordinating mosquito control programs in the state, taking 
into account any assessments or plans that have already been 
conducted by political subdivisions in the state. In developing 
the plan, the state must consult with political subdivisions. 
States must also agree to monitor mosquito control programs, 
and submit a report to the Secretary. The state coordination 
grant may be as much as $10,000; no matching funds are required 
for participation. A state may not receive more than one 
coordination grant.
    In addition, this section authorizes the Secretary to 
provide training and technical assistance in the planning, 
development, and operation of mosquito control programs, either 
directly or through awards of grants or contracts to public and 
private entities.
    Finally, section 2 authorizes $100 million to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2003, and such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the fiscal years 2004 through 2007. This 
funding is in addition to applicable funding that may be 
available as authorized by the Public Health Security and 
Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002.

Section 3. Research program of the National Institute of Environmental 
        Health Sciences

    Section 3 directs the National Institute of Environmental 
Health Sciences to conduct or support research to identify or 
develop methods of controlling the population of insects that 
transmit diseases that have significant adverse health 
consequences for humans.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (new matter is 
printed in italic and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



TITLE III--GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES OF PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Part B--Federal-State Cooperation

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



SEC. 317S. MOSQUITO-BORNE DISEASES; ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL GRANTS TO 
                    POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS; COORDINATION GRANTS TO 
                    STATES.

  (a) Prevention and Control Grants to Political 
Subdivisions.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Director of the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, may make grants to political subdivisions 
        of States for the operation of mosquito control 
        programs to prevent and control mosquito-borne diseases 
        (referred to in this section as ``control programs'').
          (2) Preference in making grants.--In making grants 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give 
        preference to political subdivisions that--
                  (A) have an incidence or prevalence of 
                mosquito-borne disease, or a population of 
                infected mosquitoes, that is substantial 
                relative to other political subdivisions;
                  (B) demonstrate to the Secretary that the 
                political subdivisions will, if appropriate to 
                the mosquito circumstances involved, 
                effectively coordinate the activities of the 
                control programs with contiguous political 
                subdivisions; and
                  (C) demonstrate to the Secretary (directly or 
                through State officials) that the State in 
                which the political subdivision is located has 
                identified or will identify geographic areas in 
                the State that have a significant need for 
                control programs and will effectively 
                coordinate such programs in such areas.
          (3) Requirement of assessment and plan.--A grant may 
        be made under paragraph (1) only if the political 
        subdivision involved--
                  (A) has conducted an assessment to determine 
                the immediate needs in such subdivision for a 
                control program, including an entomological 
                survey of potential mosquito breeding areas; 
                and
                  (B) has, on the basis of such assessment, 
                developed a plan for carrying out such a 
                program.
          (4) Requirement of matching funds.--
                  (A) In general.--With respect to the costs of 
                a control program to be carried out under 
                paragraph (1) by a political subdivision, a 
                grant under such paragraph may be made only if 
                the subdivision agrees to make available 
                (directly or through donations from public or 
                private entities) non-Federal contributions 
                toward such costs in an amount that is not less 
                than \1/3\ of such costs ($1 for each $2 of 
                Federal funds provided in the grant).
                  (B) Determination of amount contributed.--
                Non-Federal contributions required in 
                subparagraph (A) may be in cash or in kind, 
                fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, 
                or services. Amounts provided by the Federal 
                Government, or services assisted or subsidized 
                to any significant extent by the Federal 
                Government, may not be included in determining 
                the amount of such non-Federal contributions.
                  (C) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the 
                requirement established in subparagraph (A) if 
                the Secretary determines that extraordinary 
                economic conditions in the political 
                subdivision involved justify the waiver.
          (5) Reports to secretary.--A grant may be made under 
        paragraph (1) only if the political subdivision 
        involved agrees that, promptly after the end of the 
        fiscal year for which the grant is made, the 
        subdivision will submit to the Secretary, and to the 
        State within which the subdivision is located, a report 
        that describes the control program and contains an 
        evaluation of whether the program was effective.
          (6) Amount of grant; number of grants.--A grant under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may not exceed 
        $100,000. A political subdivision may not receive more 
        than one grant under such paragraph.
  (b) Assessment Grants to Political Subdivisions.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Director of the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, may make grants to political subdivisions 
        of States to conduct the assessments and to develop the 
        plans that are required in paragraph (3) of subsection 
        (a) as a condition of receiving a grant under paragraph 
        (1) of such subsection.
          (2) Amount of grant; number of grants.--A grant under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may not exceed $10,000. 
        A political subdivision may not receive more than one 
        grant under such paragraph.
  (c) Coordination Grants to States.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary, acting through the 
        Director of the Centers for Disease Control and 
        Prevention, may make grants to States for the purpose 
        of coordinating control programs in the State.
          (2) Preference in making grants.--In making grants 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give 
        preference to States that have one or more political 
        subdivisions with an incidence or prevalence of 
        mosquito-borne disease, or a population of infected 
        mosquitoes, that is substantial relative to political 
        subdivisions in other States.
          (3) Certain requirements.--A grant may be made under 
        paragraph (1) only if--
                  (A) the State involved has developed, or 
                agrees to develop, a plan for coordinating 
                control programs in the State, and the plan 
                takes into account any assessments or plans 
                described in subsection (a)(3) that have been 
                conducted or developed, respectively, by 
                political subdivisions in the State;
                  (B) in developing such plan, the State 
                consulted or will consult (as the case may be 
                under subparagraph (A)) with political 
                subdivisions in the State that are carrying out 
                or planning to carry out control programs; and
                  (C) the State agrees to monitor control 
                programs in the State in order to ensure that 
                the programs are carried out in accordance with 
                such plan, with priority given to coordination 
                of control programs in political subdivisions 
                described in paragraph (2) that are contiguous.
          (4) Reports to secretary.--A grant may be made under 
        paragraph (1) only if the State involved agrees that, 
        promptly after the end of the fiscal year for which the 
        grant is made, the State will submit to the Secretary a 
        report that--
                  (A) describes the activities of the State 
                under the grant; and
                  (B) contains an evaluation of whether the 
                control programs of political subdivisions in 
                the State were effectively coordinated with 
                each other, which evaluation takes into account 
                any reports that the State received under 
                subsection (a)(5) from such subdivisions.
          (5) Amount of grant; number of grants.--A grant under 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may not exceed $10,000. 
        A State may not receive more than one grant under such 
        paragraph.
  (d) Applications for Grants.--A grant may be made under 
subsection (a), (b), or (c) only if an application for the 
grant is submitted to the Secretary and the application is in 
such form, is made in such manner, and contains such 
agreements, assurances, and information as the Secretary 
determines to be necessary to carry out this section.
  (e) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide training 
and technical assistance with respect to the planning, 
development, and operation of control programs under subsection 
(a) and assessments and plans under subsection (b). The 
Secretary may provide such technical assistance directly or 
through awards of grants or contracts to public and private 
entities.
  (f) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
          (1) The term ``control program'' has the meaning 
        indicated for such term in subsection (a)(1).
          (2) The term ``political subdivision'' means the 
        local political jurisdiction immediately below the 
        level of State government, including counties, 
        parishes, and boroughs. If State law recognizes an 
        entity of general government that functions in lieu of, 
        and is not within, a county, parish, or borough, the 
        Secretary may recognize an area under the jurisdiction 
        of such other entities of general government as a 
        political subdivision for purposes of this Act.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the purpose of 
carrying out this section, there are authorized to be 
appropriated $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2003, and such sums 
as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2004 through 
2007. In the case of control programs carried out in response 
to a mosquito-borne disease that constitutes a public health 
emergency, the authorization of appropriations under the 
preceding sentence is in addition to applicable authorizations 
of appropriations under the Public Health Security and 
Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002.

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TITLE IV--NATIONAL RESEARCH INSTITUTES

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Part C--Specific Provisions Respecting National Research Institutes

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Subpart 12--National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

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           METHODS OF CONTROLLING CERTAIN INSECT POPULATIONS

  Sec. 463B. The Director of the Institute shall conduct or 
support research to identify or develop methods of controlling 
the population of insects that transmit to humans diseases that 
have significant adverse health consequences.

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