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107th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     107-712

======================================================================



 
AMENDING THE ACT ENTITLED ``AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF 
  THE ANDERSONVILLE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE IN THE STATE OF GEORGIA, AND 
  FOR OTHER PURPOSES'', TO PROVIDE FOR THE ADDITION OF CERTAIN DONATED 
  LANDS TO THE ANDERSONVILLE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE

                                _______
                                

October 1, 2002.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. Hansen, from the Committee on Resources, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 4692]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Resources, to whom was referred the bill 
(H.R. 4692) to amend the Act entitled ``An Act to authorize the 
Establishment of the Andersonville National Historic Site in 
the State of Georgia, and for other purposes'', to provide for 
the addition of certain donated lands to the Andersonville 
National Historic Site, having considered the same, report 
favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill 
do pass.

                          Purpose of the Bill

    The purpose of H.R. 4692 is to amend the Act entitled ``An 
Act to Authorize the Establishment of Andersonville National 
Historic Site in the State of Georgia, and for other 
purposes'', and to provide for the addition of certain donated 
lands to the Andersonville National Historic Site.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    Known as Camp Sumter during the American Civil War, 
Andersonville was the site of the largest of several 
Confederate military prisons. It was built early in 1864 and 
during the 14 months of its existence held more than 45,000 
Union soldiers. Of these prisoners, nearly 13,000 died from 
starvation, malnutrition, and exposure to the elements. The 
prison was closed in May of 1865.
    The enabling legislation designated the Andersonville 
National Historic Site as a memorial to all American prisoners 
of war throughout the nation's history stating that the site 
``to provide an understanding of the overall prisoner of war 
story of the Civil War, to interpret the role of prisoner of 
war camps in history, to commemorate the sacrifice of Americans 
who lost their lives in such camps, and to preserve the 
monuments located within the site.'' In 1998, the National 
Prisoner of War Museum was dedicated at Andersonville.
    Prior to the opening of the Museum, three families living 
near the site on Country Road 49 used an intersecting road 
known as 191 to access their homes. The road was unpaved and 
very dangerous due to blind curves. Following the authorization 
of the Museum, these residents, for safety reasons, were 
allowed by the park to use the new park entrance road as a 
courtesy. As a result of this use, NPS decided to leave this 
road open at night. Since that time, it has been determined 
that leaving the entrance open during the night creates a 
security risk for the park. The legislation amends the enabling 
legislation to increase the acreage ceiling allowing the park 
to accept the land needed to reroute the road. The land has 
been purchased and will be donated upon authorization by the 
non-profit group, the Friends of Andersonville.

                            Committee Action

    H.R. 4692 was introduced on May 9, 2002 by Congressman 
Sanford Bishop (D-GA). The bill was referred to the Committee 
on Resources, and within the Committee to the Subcommittee on 
National Parks, Recreation, and Public Lands. On September 5, 
2002, the Subcommittee held a hearing on the bill. On September 
12, 2002, the Full Resources Committee met to consider the bill 
and the Subcommittee on National Parks, Recreation, and Public 
Lands was discharged from further consideration. No amendments 
were offered and the bill was then ordered favorably reported 
to the House of Representatives by unanimous consent.

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Regarding clause 2(b)(1) of rule X and clause 3(c)(1) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Resources' oversight findings and recommendations 
are reflected in the body of this report.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Article I, section 8 of the Constitution of the United 
States grants Congress the authority to enact this bill.

                    Compliance With House Rule XIII

    1. Cost of Legislation. Clause 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives requires an estimate and 
a comparison by the Committee of the costs which would be 
incurred in carrying out this bill. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) 
of that rule provides that this requirement does not apply when 
the Committee has included in its report a timely submitted 
cost estimate of the bill prepared by the Director of the 
Congressional Budget Office under section 402 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974.
    2. Congressional Budget Act. As required by clause 3(c)(2) 
of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and 
section 308(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, this 
bill does not contain any new budget authority, spending 
authority, credit authority, or an increase or decrease in 
revenues or tax expenditures.
    3. General Performance Goals and Objectives. This bill does 
not authorize funding and therefore, clause 3(c)(4) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives does not 
apply.
    4. Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate. Under clause 
3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives and section 403 of the Congressional Budget Act 
of 1974, the Committee has received the following cost estimate 
for this bill from the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                Washington, DC, September 30, 2002.
Hon. James V. Hansen,
Chairman, Committee on Resources,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 4692, a bill to 
amend the act entitled ``An act to authorize the establishment 
of the Andersonville National Historic Site in the state of 
Georgia, and for other purposes,'' to provide for the addition 
of certain donated lands to the Andersonville National Historic 
Site.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Deborah Reis.
            Sincerely,
                                          Barry B. Anderson
                                    (For Dan L. Crippen, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 4692--A bill to amend the act entitled ``An act to authorize the 
        establishment of the Andersonville National Historic Site in 
        the state of Georgia, and for other purposes,'' to provide for 
        the addition of certain donated lands to the Andersonville 
        National Historic Site

    H.R. 4692 would expand the boundary of the Andersonville 
National Historic Site in Georgia from 500 acres to 520 acres. 
The bill would enable the National Park Service (NPS) to accept 
the donation of 20 acres from the Friends of Andersonville, a 
local nonprofit organization.
    CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 4692 would result in 
no significant cost to the federal government because the 
donated land, which is contiguous to the existing park 
entrance, would not be developed. Enacting the bill would not 
affect direct spending or revenues.
    H.R. 4692 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded mandates Reform Act and 
would have no significant impact on the budgets of state, 
local, or tribal governments.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Deborah Reis. 
This estimate was approved by Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy 
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.

                    Compliance With Public Law 104-4

    This bill contains no unfunded mandates.

                Preemption of State, Local or Tribal Law

    This bill is not intended to preempt any State, local or 
tribal law.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                SECTION 1 OF THE ACT OF OCTOBER 16, 1970


  AN ACT To authorize the establishment of the Andersonville National 
     Historic Site in the State of Georgia, and for other purposes

  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in 
order to provide an understanding of the overall prisoner-of-
war story of the Civil War, to interpret the role of prisoner-
of-war camps in history, to commemorate the sacrifice of 
Americans who lost their lives in such camps, and to preserve 
the monuments located therein, the Secretary is hereby 
authorized to designate not more than [five hundred acres] 520 
acres in Macon and Sumter Counties, Georgia, for establishment 
as the Andersonville National Historic Site.