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Calendar No. 458
107th Congress Report
2d Session 107-185
TUMACACORI NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK BOUNDARY REVISION ACT OF 2002
June 27, 2002.--Ordered to be printed
Mr. Bingaman, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources,
submitted the following
R E P O R T
[To accompany H.R. 2234]
The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was
referred the Act (H.R. 2234) to revise the boundary of the
Tumacacori National Historical Park in the State of Arizona,
having considered the same, reports favorably thereon without
amendment and recommends that the Act do pass.
The purpose of H.R. 2234 is to revise the boundary of the
Tumacacori National Historical Park in the State of Arizona to
authorize the addition of approximately 310 acres to the park.
Background and Need
During the latter part of the 17th century, the Jesuit
missionary Father Eusebio Francisco Kino established several
missions in what is now northern Mexico and southern Arizona.
One of the missions established by Father Kino was the
mission of San Jose de Tumacacori, approximately 45 miles south
of Tucson. The mission was originally built in the latter part
of the 17th century and used as a ``visita,'' a site where
services were occasionally held. Today the site contains a
church and structures constructed under the direction of Jesuit
missionaries in the late 1700's and early 1800's.
President Theodore Roosevelt declared the site a National
Monument in 1908, and set aside nine acres surrounding the
mission. In 1990, Tumacacori National Monument was redesignated
as Tumacacori National Historical Park and the Secretary of the
Interior acquired the nearby ruins of Los Santos Angeles de
Guevavi and the Kino visita and rancheria ruins of Calabazas.
The expansion of the park's boundary would allow the
National Park Service to enhance the visitor experience at
Tumacacori, add a living history program with livestock and
farming, develop more of the Juan Bautista de Anza National
Historic Trail that now exists on private land between
Tumacacori and the nearby community of Tubac, and develop and
expand the outreach of the park and trail with Native American
groups and local communities.
The legislation has received the support of the surrounding
community. The current owners of the land at issue are willing
sellers and most of the land is already listed for sale.
H.R. 2234, sponsored by Representative Ed Pastor, was
passed by the House of Representatives on November 28, 2001.
The Subcommittee on National Parks held a hearing on H.R. 2234
on February 14, 2002. The Committee on Energy and Natural
Resources ordered H.R. 2234 favorably reported at its business
meeting on June 5, 2002.
The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in
open business session on June 5, 2002, by a voice vote of a
quorum present, recommends that the Senate pass H.R. 2234.
Section 1 entitles the bill ``Tumacacori National
Historical Park Boundary Revision Act of 2002.''
Section 2 sets forth the findings and the purposes.
Section 3 amends section 1(b) of Public Law 101-344 (16
U.S.C. 410ss(b)) to expand the boundary of the Tumacacori
National Historical Park by adding two separate parcels, which
are adjacent to the original Tumacacori unit of the park. The
addition totals approximately 310 acres.
Cost and Budgetary Considerations
The following estimate of the costs of this measure has
been provided by the Congressional Budget Office:
Congressional Budget Office,
Washington, DC, June 11, 2002.
Hon. Jeff Bingaman,
Chairman, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources,
U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2234, the
Tumacacori National Park Boundary Revision Act of 2002.
If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Deborah Reis.
Barry B. Anderson
(For Dan L. Crippen, Director).
H.R. 2234--Tumacacori National Historical Park Boundary Revision Act of
H.R. 2234 would expand the boundary of the Tumacacori
National Historic Park in Arizona. Adjusting the boundary would
enable the National Park Service (NPS) to acquire about 310
acres of land adjacent to the existing parks, which currently
consists of about 46 acres.
Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO
estimates that implementing H.R. 2234 would cost the federal
government about $3 million over the next five years and about
$100,000 annually thereafter. We estimate that the NPS would
spend between $2 million and $2.5 million of this amount over
the next year or two to purchase the land that would be added
to the park by the act. An estimated $350,000 would be spent
over the following two or three years to improve a trail system
and rehabilitate an orchard on the property. We estimate that
recurring operation and maintenance costs for the park would
increase by about $100,000 a year, assuming appropriation of
the necessary amounts.
H.R. 2234 would not affect direct spending; therefore pay-
as-you-go procedures would not apply. The legislation contains
no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in
the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would have no significant
impact on the budgets of state, local, or tribal government.
On December 4, 2001, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for
H.R. 2234 as ordered reported by the House Committee on
Resources on November 28, 2001. The two versions of the
legislation are identical, as are our cost estimates.
The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Deborah Reis.
This estimate was approved by Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
Regulatory Impact Evaluation
In compliance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee makes the following
evaluation of the regulatory impact which would be incurred in
carrying out H.R. 2234. The bill is not a regulatory measure in
the sense of imposing Government-established standards or
significant responsibilities on private individuals and
No personal information would be collected in administering
the program. Therefore, there would be no impact on personal
Little, if any, additional paperwork would result from the
enactment of H.R. 2234.
The testimony provided by the National Park Service at the
subcommittee hearing follows:
Statement of Durand Jones, Deputy Director, National Park Service, U.S.
Department of the Interior
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to present the
Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 2234. This bill
would revise the boundary of Tumacacori National Historical
Park in the State of Arizona.
The Department supports H.R. 2234, as passed by the House
to correct the name and number of the map reference in the
bill. On November 13, 2001 the Department testified in support
of H.R. 2234 before the Subcommittee on National Parks,
Recreation, and Public Lands, of the House Committee on
Resources, suggesting one technical amendment relating to the
name and number of the map reference in the bill which was
adopted by the subcommittee at the markup held on November
The legislation would allow the park to fulfill the
original purposes for which it was established, create more
opportunities to expand educational and recreational
partnerships within the new boundary and beyond, and has
received the support of the surrounding community. Expanding
the boundary of Tumacacori NHP would fulfill one of the goals
identified in the park's approved General Management Plan, and
the owners of the lands proposed for addition have expressed a
willingness to sell.
H.R. 2234 would amend Public Law 101-344, the Act
authorizing the establishment of Tumacacori National Historical
Park, and expand the boundary of the park by adding two
separate parcels, which are adjacent to the original Tumacacori
unit of the park and total approximately 310 acres. The
legislation also defines the purpose for adding these lands.
Tumacacori National Historical Park is a 45-acre unit of
the National Park System because the mission is an outstanding
example of 18th century Spanish Colonial architecture and
served as the source and center of a community and a way of
life that survived for centuries in a harsh and demanding
environment. To tell that story means more than protecting a
building. It means protecting the resources that nourished and
maintained it--its orchards, crops, and fields. The proposed
additions to the boundary contain these resources.
Tumacacori is one of a chain of missions established by the
Spanish in the Pimeria Alta (land of the Upper Pima Indians)
from Sonora, Mexico to San Xavier del Bac near Tucson. Father
Kino established Mission San Cayetano de Tumacacori
approximately forty miles south of present day Tucson in 1691.
At its height, the mission land grant included nearly 6,000
Theordore Roosevelt set aside 9 acres immediately around
the church as Tumacacori National Monument in 1908. The
boundary of the monument was revised with the addition of 6
acres in 1978. In 1990 the missions of Guevavi (8 acres) and
Calabazas (22 acres), to the south along the Santa Cruz River,
were added and the park redesignated a National Historical
The 18th and 19th century Tumacacori Mission encompassed
not only a church and its associated compound, but also homes
for the native people. The mission supported itself by what it
could grow and graze on its lands along the Santa Cruz River.
Vegetables and fruits grew in a large (5 acres) walled orchard
and garden irrigated by the acequia (irrigation ditch).
Eventually homesteaders settled mission lands, and by the time
Tumacacori National Monument was set aside all of the former
mission lands were in private ownership. Today the mission
stands divorced from its land and people. One quarter of the
historic orchard and its visible wall remains. The majority of
the acequia, mission farmland and a section of the Santa Cruz
River all lie on adjacent private land.
The park's General Management Plan (1996) identified the
need to acquire additional lands to obtain the rest of the
mission orchard. Acquisition of the entire historic remains of
the orchard, former mission farmlands and the acequia would
allow the park to recreate a 19th century cultural landscape.
Future visitors would understand that the mission was not just
a church but a complete self-sustaining community. The nearby
Santa Cruz River, a desert riparian area, is a vital
educational tool to understand how the native and mission
communities were able to develop and thrive in the desert. In
addition, expansion of the park boundary would allow the
National Park Service to enhance the recreational experience of
visitors along the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic
Trail between Tubac and Tumacacori as well as partner with
communities all along the Santa Cruz River to further develop
the recreational and educational values of the trail.
The two parcels of private land proposed to be included in
the Tumacacori NHP boundary are a 90-acre parcel to the south
and east and a 220-acre parcel to the north and east. The
owners have expressed their interest in selling to the National
Park Service. Acquisition costs for the two parcels are
estimated at $2,000,000 to $2,500,000, although actual costs
would not be known until appraisals on the land are completed.
A non-profit group may be willing to purchase the properties
and hold them for a short period of time until the National
Park Service is able to designate land acquisition funding.
Since the National Park Service intends to return the
proposed additional lands to a 19th century cultural landscape
there will be little additional park operational funding
needed. Park staff would be able to provide a basic level of
resource protection to lands that are acquired through existing
financial resources. In the future, funding will be needed to
develop visitor use trails as well as rehabilitate and replant
the mission orchard as called for in the General Management
Plan. No other visitor facilities will be built in the new
areas. An additional 1.5 FTE would be needed in personnel for
the increased maintenance responsibilities. Costs to accomplish
these projects would require one-time funding of approximately
$250,000 for visitor trail, waysides and bridge construction
and $100,000 to reconstruct and replant the orchard. A $78,000
base increase for maintenance staff would be needed.
H.R. 2234 has generated a cross-section of support. The
county supervisor on the Santa Cruz County Board of
Supervisors, whose district includes the park, has expressed
support. Local community groups that have expressed support for
the legislation include the Friends of the Santa Cruz River,
the Anza Trail Coalition and the Tubac Historical Society.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my prepared remarks. I would
be pleased to answer any questions you or other members of the
subcommittee may have.
Changes in Existing Law
In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the
Standing Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by
the Act H.R. 2234, as ordered reported, are shown as follows
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law in
which no change is proposed is shown in Roman):
Public Law 101-344
AN ACT To establish the Tumacacori National Historical Park in the
State of Arizona
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. TUMACACORI NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK.
(a) * * *
(b) Area Included.--The park shall consist of the existing
Tumacacori National Monument, together with (1) the ruins of
Los Santos Angeles de Guevavi, the first mission in Arizona
(consisting of approximately 8 acres) and (2) the Kino visita
and rancheria ruins of Calabazas (consisting of approximately
22 acres), each as generally depicted on the map entitled
``Boundary Map, Tumacacori National Historical Park'', numbered
311/80018, and dated February 1990. The park shall also consist
of approximately 310 acres of land adjacent to the original
Tumacacori unit of the park and generally depicted on the map
entitled ``Tumacacori National Historical Park, Arizona
Proposed Boundary Revision 2001'', numbered 310/80,044, and
dated July 2001. [The map] The maps shall be on file and
available for public inspection in the offices of the National
Park Service, Department of the Interior.
* * * * * * *