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Calendar No. 476
107th Congress Report
2d Session 107-199
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON NATIONAL MONUMENT BOUNDARY ADJUSTMENT ACT OF 2001
June 28, 2002.--Ordered to be printed
Mr. Bingaman, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources,
submitted the following
R E P O R T
[To accompany H.R. 1456]
The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was
referred the Act (H.R. 1456) to expand the boundary of the
Booker T. Washington National Monument, and for the other
purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably thereon
without amendment and recommends that the Act do pass.
The purpose of H.R. 1456 is to expand the boundaries of the
Booker T. Washington National Monument to authorize the
Secretary of the Interior to acquire an approximately 15-acre
parcel for inclusion in the Monument.
Background and Need
On April 2, 1956, the Booker T. Washington National
Monument was established in order to create a public national
memorial to the great advocate for African-Americans. The
Monument preserves and protects the birth site and childhood
home of Booker T. Washington while interpreting his life and
his significance in American history.
In 1998, the National Park Service conducted a viewshed
study for the Monument. The purpose of the study was to survey
the surrounding lands in the highly visited areas of the park
to determine the impact urban development would have on the
preservation of this site. The study identified a 15-acre
parcel of land for addition to the boundary based on its
proximity to the birthplace site. The parcel has been on and
off the real estate market for several years and is currently
for sale. The land is currently in agricultural use.
Acquisition of this parcel would provide a buffer zone between
nearby development and the park. The expansion has widespread
support from the surrounding communities in southwestern
H.R. 1456 passed the House of Representatives by voice vote
on September 12, 2001. S. 1051, an identical companion measure,
was introduced by Senators Warner and Allen on June 14, 2001.
The Subcommittee on National Parks held a hearing on S. 1051
and H.R. 1456 on February 14, 2002. The Committee on Energy and
Natural Resources ordered H.R. 1456 favorably reported at its
business meeting on June 5, 2002.
The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in
open business session on June 5, 2002, by a voice vote of a
quorum present, recommends that the Senate pass H.R. 1456.
Section 1 entitles the Act the ``Booker T. Washington
National Monument Boundary Adjustment Act of 2001.''
Section 2 amends the enabling legislation for the Booker T.
Washington National Monument (16 U.S.C. 450ll et seq.) to
modify its boundaries to include approximately 15 acres. The
Secretary of the Interior is authorized to acquire the land or
interests in the land from willing sellers by donation,
purchase with donated or appropriated funds, or exchange.
Cost and Budgetary Considerations
The following estimate of the costs of this measure has
been provided by the Congressional Budget Office:
Congressional Budget Office,
Washington, DC, June 11, 2002.
Hon. Jeff Bingaman,
Chairman, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources,
U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.
Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 1456, the Booker
T. Washington National Monument Boundary Adjustment Act of
If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Deborah Reis.
Barry B. Anderson
(For Dan L. Crippen, Director).
H.R. 1456--Booker T. Washington National Monument Boundary Adjustment
Act of 2001
H.R. 1456 would revise the boundary of the Booker T.
Washington National Monument. Assuming appropriation of the
necessary amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the
legislation would cost the federal government less than
$500,000. The act would not affect direct spending or receipts;
therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures would not apply. The
legislation contains no intergovernmental or private-sector
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and
would have not significant impact on the budgets of state,
local, or tribal governments.
H.R. 1456 would expand the boundary of the Booker T.
Washington National Monument to include above 15 acres of
adjacent land, which the National Park Service (NPS) could then
acquire by purchase, donation, or exchange. The acquired
acreage would be administered by the NPS.
Based on information provided by the NPS and assuming
appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates that the
cost of acquiring the property that would be added to the
monument would be less than $500,000 in fiscal year 2003. We
estimate that there would be no significant additional cost to
develop or manage the new acreage.
On September 21, 2001, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for
H.R. 1456 as ordered reported by the House Committee on
Resources on September 12, 2001. The two versions of the
legislation are identical, as are our cost estimates.
The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Deborah Reis.
The estimate was approved by Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy
Assistant Director for Budget Analysis.
Regulatory Impact Evaluation
In compliance with paragraph 11(b) of rule XXVI of the
Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee makes the following
evaluation of the regulatory impact which would be incurred in
carrying out H.R. 1456. The bill is not a regulatory measure in
the sense of imposing Government-established standards or
significant responsibilities on private individuals and
No personal information would be collected in administering
the program. Therefore, there would be no impact on personal
Little, if any, additional paperwork would result from the
enactment of H.R. 1456.
The testimony provided by the National Park Service at the
Subcommittee hearing follows:
Statement of Durand Jones, Deputy Director, National Park Service,
Department of the Interior
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to present the
Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 1456 and S. 1051,
identical bills, both of which would expand the boundary of
Booker T. Washington National Monument, Franklin County,
The Department gave testimony on H.R. 1456 before the House
Subcommittee on National Parks, Recreation, and Public Land on
July 24, 2001. The Department supports both H.R. 1456 and S.
1051. The addition would not contribute to the National Park
Service (NPS) maintenance backlog because the land would be
added to the park agricultural permit program, and no
additional facilities, operating funds or staffing will be
needed. The current owners have indicated that they would be
willing to sell the property to the United States. If
authorized, this acquisition would be subject to NPS
servicewide priorities and the availability of appropriations.
The legislation will adjust the boundary of Booker T.
Washington National Monument to authorize acquiring from
willing sellers a parcel of approximately 15 acres abutting the
northeast boundary of the park. The addition and preservation
of this 15-acre tract will ensure that park visitors may
experience an agricultural landscape while inside the park, in
a region that is subject to extreme development pressure. Seven
of the 15 acres were part of the original Burrough's farm where
Booker T. Washington grew up.
Booker T. Washington National Monument was authorized on
April 2, 1956, to create a ``public national memorial to Booker
T. Washington, noted Negro educator and apostle of good will *
* *.'' Booker T. Washington National Monument preserves and
protects the birth site and childhood home of Booker T.
Washington while interpreting his life experiences and
significance in American history as the most powerful African
American between 1895 and 1915. The park provides a resource
for public education and a focal point of continuing
discussions about the legacy of Booker T. Washington and the
evolving context of race in American society.
The park is 224 acres of rolling hills, woodlands, and
agricultural fields. The primary archaeological resources
include the Burrough's house site, or ``Big House,'' two slave
cabin sites with a 1960's reconstructed cabin on one of the
sites. The agricultural landscape plays a critical role in the
park's interpretation of Washington's life as an enslaved child
during the Civil War. Many of his stories and experiences are
centered on this small tobacco farm. In his autobiography, Up
From Slavery, Washington frequently refers to the ``rural''
life and the influences it had upon him.
A 1998 Viewshed Study conducted as a component of the
park's March 2000 General Management Plan (GMP) identified this
land as the most critical for addition to the boundary based on
its elevation and proximity to the birthplace site. The parcel
has been on and off the market for several years and is
currently for sale. The land is currently used for open
The park is located near the regional recreation area of
Smith Mountain Lake, which has growth in population and
development in the last ten years. The park lies a half-mile
from a commercial crossroads called Westlake Corner. This area
has become the primary hub of services for the Smith Mountain
Lake community and continues to grow. Acquisition of this
parcel would provide the necessary buffer between this
development and the park so that the visitors will be able to
experience the area as it was during Booker T. Washington's
Thank you for the opportunity to comment. This concludes my
prepared remarks. I would be glad to answer any question that
you or members of the subcommittee might have.
Changes in Existing Law
In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the
Standing Rules of the Senate, changes in existing law made by
the Act H.R. 1456, as ordered reported, are shown as follows
(existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law in
which no change is proposed is shown in roman):
Public Law 464
AN ACT To provide for the establishment of the Booker T. Washington
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the
Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed to
acquire, on behalf of the United States, by gift, purchase, or
condemnation, all right, title, and interest in and to the real
property located at Booker Washington Birthplace, Virginia.
* * * * * * *
SEC. 5. ADDITIONAL LANDS.
(a) Lands Added to Monument.--The boundary of the Booker T.
Washington National Monument is modified to include the
approximately 15 acres, as generally depicted on the map
entitled ``Boundary Map, Booker T. Washington National
Monument, Franklin County, Virginia'', numbered BOWA 404/
80,024, and dated February 2001. The map shall be on file and
available for inspection in the appropriate offices of the
National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
(b) Acquisition of Additional Lands.--The Secretary of the
Interior is authorized to acquire from willing owners the land
or interests in land described in subsection (a) by donation,
purchase with donated or appropriated funds, or exchange.
(c) Administration of Additional Lands.--Lands added to the
Booker T. Washington National Monument by subsection (a) shall
be administered by the Secretary of the Interior as part of the
monument in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.