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108th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                     108-26

======================================================================



 
             KEEPING CHILDREN AND FAMILIES SAFE ACT OF 2003

                                _______
                                

 March 6, 2003.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Boehner, from the Committee on Education and the Workforce, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                       ADDITIONAL MINORITY VIEWS

                         [To accompany H.R. 14]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Education and the Workforce, to whom was 
referred the bill (H.R. 14) to amend the Child Abuse Prevention 
and Treatment Act to make improvements to and reauthorize 
programs under that Act, and for other purposes, having 
considered the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment 
and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.
  The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Keeping Children and 
Families Safe Act of 2003''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents of this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

           TITLE I--CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ACT

Sec. 101. Findings.

                      Subtitle A--General Program

Sec. 111. National Clearinghouse for Information Relating to Child 
Abuse.
Sec. 112. Research and assistance activities and demonstrations.
Sec. 113. Grants to States and public or private agencies and 
organizations.
Sec. 114. Grants to States for child abuse and neglect prevention and 
treatment programs.
Sec. 115. Miscellaneous Requirements Relating to Assistance.
Sec. 116. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 117. Reports.

  Subtitle B--Community-Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse

Sec. 121. Purpose and authority.
Sec. 122. Eligibility.
Sec. 123. Amount of grant.
Sec. 124. Existing grants.
Sec. 125. Application.
Sec. 126. Local program requirements.
Sec. 127. Performance measures.
Sec. 128. National network for community-based family resource 
programs.
Sec. 129. Definitions.
Sec. 130. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle C--Conforming Amendments

Sec. 141. Conforming amendments.

                    TITLE II--ADOPTION OPPORTUNITIES

Sec. 201. Congressional findings and declaration of purpose.
Sec. 202. Information and services.
Sec. 203. Study of adoption placements.
Sec. 204. Studies on successful adoptions.
Sec. 205. Authorization of appropriations.

                TITLE III--ABANDONED INFANTS ASSISTANCE

Sec. 301. Findings.
Sec. 302. Establishment of local programs.
Sec. 303. Evaluations, study, and reports by Secretary.
Sec. 304. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 305. Definitions.

         TITLE IV--FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT

Sec. 401. State demonstration grants.
Sec. 402. Secretarial responsibilities.
Sec. 403. Evaluation.
Sec. 404. Information and technical assistance centers.
Sec. 405. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 406. Grants for State domestic violence coalitions.
Sec. 407. Evaluation and monitoring.
Sec. 408. Family member abuse information and documentation project.
Sec. 409. Model State leadership grants.
Sec. 410. National domestic violence hotline grant.
Sec. 411. Youth education and domestic violence.
Sec. 412. Demonstration grants for community initiatives.
Sec. 413. Transitional housing assistance.
Sec. 414. Technical and conforming amendments.

           TITLE I--CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ACT

SEC. 101. FINDINGS.

  Section 2 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 
5101 note) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``close to 1,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``approximately 900,000'';
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (11) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (13), respectively;
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2)(A) more children suffer neglect than any other form of 
        maltreatment; and
          ``(B) investigations have determined that approximately 63 
        percent of children who were victims of maltreatment in 2000 
        suffered neglect, 19 percent suffered physical abuse, 10 
        percent suffered sexual abuse, and 8 percent suffered emotional 
        maltreatment;
          ``(3)(A) child abuse can result in the death of a child;
          ``(B) in 2000, an estimated 1,200 children were counted by 
        child protection services to have died as a result of abuse or 
        neglect; and
          ``(C) children younger than 1 year old comprised 44 percent 
        of child abuse fatalities and 85 percent of child abuse 
        fatalities were younger than 6 years of age;'';
          (4) by striking paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), and 
        inserting the following:
          ``(4)(A) many of these children and their families fail to 
        receive adequate protection and treatment;
          ``(B) slightly less than half of these children (45 percent 
        in 2000) and their families fail to receive adequate protection 
        or treatment; and
          ``(C) in fact, approximately 80 percent of all children 
        removed from their homes and placed in foster care in 2000, as 
        a result of an investigation or assessment conducted by the 
        child protective services agency, received no services;'';
          (5) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                ``organizations'' and inserting ``community-based 
                organizations'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``ensures'' and 
                all that follows through ``knowledge,'' and inserting 
                ``recognizes the need for properly trained staff with 
                the qualifications needed''; and
                  (C) in subparagraph (E), by inserting before the 
                semicolon the following: ``, which may impact child 
                rearing patterns, while at the same time, not allowing 
                those differences to enable abuse'';
          (6) in paragraph (7) (as so redesignated), by striking ``this 
        national child and family emergency'' and inserting ``child 
        abuse and neglect''; and
          (7) in paragraph (9) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking ``intensive'' and inserting 
                ``needed''; and
                  (B) by striking ``if removal has taken place'' and 
                inserting ``where appropriate''.

                      Subtitle A--General Program

SEC. 111. NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE FOR INFORMATION RELATING TO CHILD 
                    ABUSE.

  (a) Functions.--Section 103(b) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5104(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``all programs,'' and all 
        that follows through ``neglect; and'' and inserting ``all 
        effective programs, including private and community-based 
        programs, that show promise of success with respect to the 
        prevention, assessment, identification, and treatment of child 
        abuse and neglect and hold the potential for broad scale 
        implementation and replication;'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting a 
        semicolon;
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
          (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) maintain information about the best practices used for 
        achieving improvements in child protective systems;''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) provide technical assistance upon request that may 
        include an evaluation or identification of--
                  ``(A) various methods and procedures for the 
                investigation, assessment, and prosecution of child 
                physical and sexual abuse cases;
                  ``(B) ways to mitigate psychological trauma to the 
                child victim; and
                  ``(C) effective programs carried out by the States 
                under this Act; and
          ``(5) collect and disseminate information relating to various 
        training resources available at the State and local level to--
                  ``(A) individuals who are engaged, or who intend to 
                engage, in the prevention, identification, and 
                treatment of child abuse and neglect; and
                  ``(B) appropriate State and local officials to assist 
                in training law enforcement, legal, judicial, medical, 
                mental health, education, and child welfare 
                personnel.''.
  (b) Coordination With Available Resources.--Section 103(c)(1) of the 
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5104(c)(1)) is 
amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``105(a); and'' and 
        inserting ``104(a);'';
          (2) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G); 
        and
          (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:
                  ``(F) collect and disseminate information that 
                describes best practices being used throughout the 
                Nation for making appropriate referrals related to, and 
                addressing, the physical, developmental, and mental 
                health needs of abused and neglected children; and''.

SEC. 112. RESEARCH AND ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES AND DEMONSTRATIONS.

  (a) Research.--Section 104(a) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), in the 
                first sentence, by inserting ``, including longitudinal 
                research,'' after ``interdisciplinary program of 
                research''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting before the 
                semicolon the following: ``, including the effects of 
                abuse and neglect on a child's development and the 
                identification of successful early intervention 
                services or other services that are needed'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) by striking ``judicial procedures'' and 
                        inserting ``judicial systems, including 
                        multidisciplinary, coordinated decisionmaking 
                        procedures''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) in clause (viii), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end;
                          (ii) by redesignating clause (ix) as clause 
                        (x); and
                          (iii) by inserting after clause (viii), the 
                        following:
                          ``(ix) the incidence and prevalence of child 
                        maltreatment by a wide array of demographic 
                        characteristics such as age, sex, race, family 
                        structure, household relationship (including 
                        the living arrangement of the resident parent 
                        and family size), school enrollment and 
                        education attainment, disability, grandparents 
                        as caregivers, labor force status, work status 
                        in previous year, and income in previous year; 
                        and'';
                  (E) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph 
                (I); and
                  (F) by inserting after subparagraph (C), the 
                following:
                  ``(D) the evaluation and dissemination of best 
                practices consistent with the goals of achieving 
                improvements in the child protective services systems 
                of the States in accordance with paragraphs (1) through 
                (12) of section 106(a);
                  ``(E) effective approaches to interagency 
                collaboration between the child protection system and 
                the juvenile justice system that improve the delivery 
                of services and treatment, including methods for 
                continuity of treatment plan and services as children 
                transition between systems;
                  ``(F) an evaluation of the redundancies and gaps in 
                the services in the field of child abuse and neglect 
                prevention in order to make better use of resources;
                  ``(G) the nature, scope, and practice of voluntary 
                relinquishment for foster care or State guardianship of 
                low income children who need health services, including 
                mental health services;
                  ``(H) the information on the national incidence of 
                child abuse and neglect specified in clauses (i) 
                through (x) of subparagraph (I); and'';
          (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Not later than 2 years after the date of 
                enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act 
                of 2003, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary 
                shall provide an opportunity for public comment 
                concerning the priorities proposed under subparagraph 
                (A) and maintain an official record of such public 
                comment.'';
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4);
          (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
          ``(2) Research.--The Secretary shall conduct research on the 
        national incidence of child abuse and neglect, including the 
        information on the national incidence on child abuse and 
        neglect specified in clauses (i) through (x) of paragraph 
        (1)(I).
          ``(3) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of the 
        enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 
        2003, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee 
        on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions of 
        the Senate a report that contains the results of the research 
        conducted under paragraph (2).''.
  (b) Provision of Technical Assistance.--Section 104(b) of the Child 
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by striking ``nonprofit private agencies and'' 
                and inserting ``private agencies and community-based''; 
                and
                  (B) by inserting ``, including replicating successful 
                program models,'' after ``programs and activities''; 
                and
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) effective approaches being utilized to link 
                child protective service agencies with health care, 
                mental health care, and developmental services to 
                improve forensic diagnosis and health evaluations, and 
                barriers and shortages to such linkages.''.
  (c) Demonstration Programs and Projects.--Section 104 of the Child 
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5105) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Demonstration Programs and Projects.--The Secretary may award 
grants to, and enter into contracts with, States or public or private 
agencies or organizations (or combinations of such agencies or 
organizations) for time-limited, demonstration projects for the 
following:
          ``(1) Promotion of safe, family-friendly physical 
        environments for visitation and exchange.--The Secretary may 
        award grants under this subsection to entities to assist such 
        entities in establishing and operating safe, family-friendly 
        physical environments--
                  ``(A) for court-ordered, supervised visitation 
                between children and abusing parents; and
                  ``(B) to safely facilitate the exchange of children 
                for visits with noncustodial parents in cases of 
                domestic violence.
          ``(2) Education identification, prevention, and treatment.--
        The Secretary may award grants under this subsection to 
        entities for projects that provide educational identification, 
        prevention, and treatment services in cooperation with 
        preschool and elementary and secondary schools.
          ``(3) Risk and safety assessment tools.--The Secretary may 
        award grants under this subsection to entities for projects 
        that provide for the development of research-based risk and 
        safety assessment tools relating to child abuse and neglect.
          ``(4) Training.--The Secretary may award grants under this 
        subsection to entities for projects that involve research-based 
        innovative training for mandated child abuse and neglect 
        reporters.''.

SEC. 113. GRANTS TO STATES AND PUBLIC OR PRIVATE AGENCIES AND 
                    ORGANIZATIONS.

  (a) Demonstration Programs and Projects.--Section 105(a) of the Child 
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106(a)) is amended--
          (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Demonstration'' 
        and inserting ``Grants for'';
          (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                  (A) by inserting ``States,'' after ``contracts 
                with,'';
                  (B) by striking ``nonprofit''; and
                  (C) by striking ``time limited, demonstration'';
          (3) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``law, 
                education, social work, and other relevant fields'' and 
                inserting ``law enforcement, judiciary, social work and 
                child protection, education, and other relevant fields, 
                or individuals such as court appointed special 
                advocates (CASAs) and guardian ad litem,'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``nonprofit'' 
                and all that follows through ``; and'' and inserting 
                ``children, youth and family service organizations in 
                order to prevent child abuse and neglect;'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) for training to support the enhancement of 
                linkages between child protective service agencies and 
                health care agencies, including physical and mental 
                health services, to improve forensic diagnosis and 
                health evaluations and for innovative partnerships 
                between child protective service agencies and health 
                care agencies that offer creative approaches to using 
                existing Federal, State, local, and private funding to 
                meet the health evaluation needs of children who have 
                been subjects of substantiated cases of child abuse or 
                neglect;
                  ``(E) for the training of personnel in best practices 
                to promote collaboration with the families from the 
                initial time of contact during the investigation 
                through treatment;
                  ``(F) for the training of personnel regarding the 
                legal duties of such personnel and their 
                responsibilities to protect the legal rights of 
                children and families;
                  ``(G) for improving the training of supervisory and 
                nonsupervisory child welfare workers;
                  ``(H) for enabling State child welfare agencies to 
                coordinate the provision of services with State and 
                local health care agencies, alcohol and drug abuse 
                prevention and treatment agencies, mental health 
                agencies, and other public and private welfare agencies 
                to promote child safety, permanence, and family 
                stability;
                  ``(I) for cross training for child protective service 
                workers in research-based methods for recognizing 
                situations of substance abuse, domestic violence, and 
                neglect; and
                  ``(J) for developing, implementing, or operating 
                information and education programs or training programs 
                designed to improve the provision of services to 
                disabled infants with life-threatening conditions for--
                          ``(i) professionals and paraprofessional 
                        personnel concerned with the welfare of 
                        disabled infants with life-threatening 
                        conditions, including personnel employed in 
                        child protective services programs and health 
                        care facilities; and
                          ``(ii) the parents of such infants.'';
          (4) by redesignating paragraph (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) 
        and (4), respectively;
          (5) by inserting after paragraph (1), the following:
          ``(2) Triage procedures.--The Secretary may award grants 
        under this subsection to public and private agencies that 
        demonstrate innovation in responding to reports of child abuse 
        and neglect, including programs of collaborative partnerships 
        between the State child protective services agency, community 
        social service agencies and family support programs, law 
        enforcement agencies, developmental disability agencies, 
        substance abuse treatment entities, health care entities, 
        domestic violence prevention entities, mental health service 
        entities, schools, churches and synagogues, and other community 
        agencies, to allow for the establishment of a triage system 
        that--
                  ``(A) accepts, screens, and assesses reports received 
                to determine which such reports require an intensive 
                intervention and which require voluntary referral to 
                another agency, program, or project;
                  ``(B) provides, either directly or through referral, 
                a variety of community-linked services to assist 
                families in preventing child abuse and neglect; and
                  ``(C) provides further investigation and intensive 
                intervention where the child's safety is in 
                jeopardy.'';
          (6) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``(such as Parents Anonymous)'';
          (7) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
                  (A) by striking the paragraph designation and 
                heading;
                  (B) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (C); and
                  (C) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``(B) Kinship care.--'' and 
                        inserting the following:
          ``(4) Kinship care.--''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``nonprofit''; and
          (8) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(5) Linkages between child protective service agencies and 
        public health, mental health, and developmental disabilities 
        agencies.--The Secretary may award grants to entities that 
        provide linkages between State or local child protective 
        service agencies and public health, mental health, and 
        developmental disabilities agencies, for the purpose of 
        establishing linkages that are designed to help assure that a 
        greater number of substantiated victims of child maltreatment 
        have their physical health, mental health, and developmental 
        needs appropriately diagnosed and treated.''.
  (b) Discretionary Grants.--Section 105(b) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106(b)) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (1);
          (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (1) 
        and (2), respectively;
          (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
        the following:
          ``(3) Programs based within children's hospitals or other 
        pediatric and adolescent care facilities, that provide model 
        approaches for improving medical diagnosis of child abuse and 
        neglect and for health evaluations of children for whom a 
        report of maltreatment has been substantiated.''; and
          (4) in paragraph (4)(D), by striking ``nonprofit''.
  (c) Evaluation.--Section 105(c) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106(c)) is amended--
          (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``demonstration'';
          (2) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or contract'' 
        after ``or as a separate grant''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following: ``In the case of an 
        evaluation performed by the recipient of a grant, the Secretary 
        shall make available technical assistance for the evaluation, 
        where needed, including the use of a rigorous application of 
        scientific evaluation techniques.''.
  (d) Technical Amendment to Heading.--The section heading for section 
105 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 105. GRANTS TO STATES AND PUBLIC OR PRIVATE AGENCIES AND 
                    ORGANIZATIONS.''.

SEC. 114. GRANTS TO STATES FOR CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND 
                    TREATMENT PROGRAMS.

  (a) Development and Operation Grants.--Section 106(a) of the Child 
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) by inserting ``, including ongoing case 
                monitoring,'' after ``case management''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``and treatment'' after ``and 
                delivery of services'';
          (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``improving'' and all that 
        follows through ``referral systems'' and inserting 
        ``developing, improving, and implementing risk and safety 
        assessment tools and protocols'';
          (3) by striking paragraph (7);
          (4) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (8), and (9) as 
        paragraphs (6), (8), (9), and (12), respectively;
          (5) by inserting after paragraph (4), the following:
          ``(5) developing and updating systems of technology that 
        support the program and track reports of child abuse and 
        neglect from intake through final disposition and allow 
        interstate and intrastate information exchange;'';
          (6) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``opportunities'' and all that follows through ``system'' and 
        inserting ``including training regarding research-based 
        practices to promote collaboration with the families and the 
        legal duties of such individuals'';
          (7) by inserting after paragraph (6) (as so redesignated) the 
        following:
          ``(7) improving the skills, qualifications, and availability 
        of individuals providing services to children and families, and 
        the supervisors of such individuals, through the child 
        protection system, including improvements in the recruitment 
        and retention of caseworkers;'';
          (8) by striking paragraph (9) (as so redesignated), and 
        inserting the following:
          ``(9) developing and facilitating research-based training 
        protocols for individuals mandated to report child abuse or 
        neglect;
          ``(10) developing, implementing, or operating programs to 
        assist in obtaining or coordinating necessary services for 
        families of disabled infants with life-threatening conditions, 
        including--
                  ``(A) existing social and health services;
                  ``(B) financial assistance; and
                  ``(C) services necessary to facilitate adoptive 
                placement of any such infants who have been 
                relinquished for adoption;
          ``(11) developing and delivering information to improve 
        public education relating to the role and responsibilities of 
        the child protection system and the nature and basis for 
        reporting suspected incidents of child abuse and neglect;'';
          (9) in paragraph (12) (as so redesignated), by striking the 
        period and inserting a semicolon; and
          (10) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(13) supporting and enhancing interagency collaboration 
        between the child protection system and the juvenile justice 
        system for improved delivery of services and treatment, 
        including methods for continuity of treatment plan and services 
        as children transition between systems; or
          ``(14) supporting and enhancing collaboration among public 
        health agencies, the child protection system, and private 
        community-based programs to provide child abuse and neglect 
        prevention and treatment services (including linkages with 
        education systems) and to address the health needs, including 
        mental health needs, of children identified as abused or 
        neglected, including supporting prompt, comprehensive health 
        and developmental evaluations for children who are the subject 
        of substantiated child maltreatment reports.''.
  (b) Eligibility Requirements.--
          (1) In general.--Section 106(b) of the Child Abuse Prevention 
        and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a(b)) is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) by striking ``provide notice to the 
                        Secretary of any substantive changes'' and 
                        inserting the following: ``provide notice to 
                        the Secretary--
                          ``(i) of any substantive changes'';
                          (ii) by striking the period and inserting ``; 
                        and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) any significant changes to how funds 
                        provided under this section are used to support 
                        the activities which may differ from the 
                        activities as described in the current State 
                        application.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                          (i) by redesignating clauses (ii), (iii), 
                        (iv), (v), (vi), (vii), (viii), (ix), (x), 
                        (xi), (xii), and (xiii) as clauses (iii), (v), 
                        (vi), (vii), (ix), (x), (xi), (xii), (xiii), 
                        (xiv), (xv) and (xvi), respectively;
                          (ii) by inserting after clause (i), the 
                        following:
                          ``(ii) policies and procedures to address the 
                        needs of infants born and identified with fetal 
                        alcohol effects, fetal alcohol syndrome, 
                        neonatal intoxication or withdrawal syndrome, 
                        or neonatal physical or neurological harm 
                        resulting from prenatal drug exposure, 
                        including--
                                  ``(I) the requirement that health 
                                care providers involved in the delivery 
                                or care of such infants notify the 
                                child protective services system of the 
                                occurrence of such condition in such 
                                infants, except that such notification 
                                shall not be construed to create a 
                                definition under Federal law of what 
                                constitutes child abuse and such 
                                notification shall not be construed to 
                                require prosecution for any illegal 
                                action; and
                                  ``(II) the development of a safe plan 
                                of care for the infant under which 
                                consideration may be given to providing 
                                the mother with health services 
                                (including mental health services), 
                                social services, parenting services, 
                                and substance abuse prevention and 
                                treatment counseling and to providing 
                                the infant with referral to the 
                                statewide early intervention program 
                                funded under part C of the Individuals 
                                with Disabilities Education Act for an 
                                evaluation for the need for services 
                                provided under part C of such Act;'';
                          (iii) in clause (iii) (as so redesignated), 
                        by inserting ``risk and'' before ``safety'';
                          (iv) by inserting after clause (iii) (as so 
                        redesignated), the following:
                          ``(iv) triage procedures for the appropriate 
                        referral of a child not at risk of imminent 
                        harm to a community organization or voluntary 
                        preventive service;'';
                          (v) in clause (vii)(II) (as so redesignated), 
                        by striking ``, having a need for such 
                        information in order to carry out its 
                        responsibilities under law to protect children 
                        from abuse and neglect'' and inserting ``, as 
                        described in clause (viii)'';
                          (vi) by inserting after clause (vii) (as so 
                        redesignated), the following:
                          ``(viii) provisions to require a State to 
                        disclose confidential information to any 
                        Federal, State, or local government entity, or 
                        any agent of such entity, that has a need for 
                        such information in order to carry out its 
                        responsibilities under law to protect children 
                        from abuse and neglect;'';
                          (vii) in clause (xii) (as so redesignated)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``who has received 
                                training appropriate to the role, and'' 
                                after ``guardian ad litem,''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``who has received 
                                training appropriate to that role'' 
                                after ``advocate'';
                          (viii) in clause (xiv) (as so redesignated), 
                        by striking ``to be effective not later than 2 
                        years after the date of the enactment of this 
                        section'';
                          (ix) in clause (xv) (as so redesignated)--
                                  (I) by striking ``to be effective not 
                                later than 2 years after the date of 
                                the enactment of this section''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                          (x) in clause (xvi) (as so redesignated), by 
                        striking ``clause (xii)'' each place that such 
                        appears and inserting ``clause (xv)''; and
                          (xi) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(xvii) provisions and procedures to require 
                        that a representative of the child protective 
                        services agency shall, at the initial time of 
                        contact with the individual subject to a child 
                        abuse and neglect investigation, advise the 
                        individual of the complaints or allegations 
                        made against the individual, in a manner that 
                        is consistent with laws protecting the rights 
                        of the informant;
                          ``(xviii) provisions addressing the training 
                        of representatives of the child protective 
                        services system regarding the legal duties of 
                        the representatives, which may consist of 
                        various methods of informing such 
                        representatives of such duties, in order to 
                        protect the legal rights and safety of children 
                        and families from the initial time of contact 
                        during investigation through treatment;
                          ``(xix) provisions and procedures for 
                        improving the training, retention, and 
                        supervision of caseworkers;
                          ``(xx) provisions and procedures for referral 
                        of a child under the age of 3 who is involved 
                        in a substantiated case of child abuse or 
                        neglect to the statewide early intervention 
                        program funded under part C of the Individuals 
                        with Disabilities Education Act for an 
                        evaluation for the need of services provided 
                        under part C of such Act; and
                          ``(xxi) not later than 2 years after the date 
                        of enactment of the Keeping Children and 
                        Families Safe Act of 2003, provisions and 
                        procedures for requiring criminal background 
                        record checks for prospective foster and 
                        adoptive parents and other adult relatives and 
                        non-relatives residing in the household;''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the 
                following flush sentence:
        ``Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall be construed to limit the 
        State's flexibility to determine State policies relating to 
        public access to court proceedings to determine child abuse and 
        neglect except that such policies shall, at a minimum, ensure 
        the safety and well-being of the child, parents, and family.''.
          (2) Limitation.--Section 106(b)(3) of the Child Abuse 
        Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a(b)(3)) is amended 
        by striking ``With regard to clauses (v) and (vi) of paragraph 
        (2)(A)'' and inserting ``With regard to clauses (vi) and (vii) 
        of paragraph (2)(A)''.
  (c) Citizen Review Panels.--Section 106(c) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a(c)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)--
                                  (I) by striking ``and procedures'' 
                                and inserting ``, procedures, and 
                                practices''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``the agencies'' and 
                                inserting ``State and local child 
                                protection system agencies''; and
                          (ii) in clause (iii)(I), by striking 
                        ``State'' and inserting ``State and local''; 
                        and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) Public outreach.--Each panel shall provide for 
                public outreach and comment in order to assess the 
                impact of current procedures and practices upon 
                children and families in the community and in order to 
                meet its obligations under subparagraph (A).''; and
          (2) in paragraph (6)--
                  (A) by striking ``public'' and inserting ``State and 
                the public''; and
                  (B) by inserting before the period the following: 
                ``and recommendations to improve the child protection 
                services system at the State and local levels. Not 
                later than 6 months after the date on which a report is 
                submitted by the panel to the State, the appropriate 
                State agency shall submit a written response to the 
                State and local child protection systems that describes 
                whether or how the State will incorporate the 
                recommendations of such panel (where appropriate) to 
                make measurable progress in improving the State and 
                local child protective system''.
  (d) Annual State Data Reports.--Section 106(d) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a(d)) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
          ``(13) The annual report containing the summary of the 
        activities of the citizen review panels of the State required 
        by subsection (c)(6).
          ``(14) The number of children under the care of the State 
        child protection system who are transferred into the custody of 
        the State juvenile justice system.''.
  (e) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall prepare and 
submit to Congress a report that describes the extent to which States 
are implementing the policies and procedures required under section 
106(b)(2)(B)(ii) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act.

SEC. 115. MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ASSISTANCE.

  Section 108 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106d) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary should encourage all States and public and private agencies 
or organizations that receive assistance under this title to ensure 
that children and families with limited English proficiency who 
participate in programs under this title are provided materials and 
services under such programs in an appropriate language other than 
English.''.

SEC. 116. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) General Authorization.--Section 112(a)(1) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106h(a)(1)) is amended to read 
as follows:
          ``(1) General authorization.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this title $120,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
        fiscal years 2005 through 2008.''.
  (b) Demonstration Projects.--Section 112(a)(2)(B) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106h(a)(2)(B)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Secretary make'' and inserting ``Secretary 
        shall make''; and
          (2) by striking ``section 106'' and inserting ``section 
        104''.

SEC. 117. REPORTS.

  Section 110 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5106f) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Study and Report Relating to Citizen Review Panels.--
          ``(1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study by random 
        sample of the effectiveness of the citizen review panels 
        established under section 106(c).
          ``(2) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
        enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 
        2003, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education 
        and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
        Senate a report that contains the results of the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1).''.

  Subtitle B--Community-Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse

SEC. 121. PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY.

  (a) Purpose.--Section 201(a)(1) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116(a)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
          ``(1) to support community-based efforts to develop, operate, 
        expand, enhance, and, where appropriate to network, initiatives 
        aimed at the prevention of child abuse and neglect, and to 
        support networks of coordinated resources and activities to 
        better strengthen and support families to reduce the likelihood 
        of child abuse and neglect; and''.
  (b) Authority.--Section 201(b) of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116(b)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                striking ``Statewide'' and all that follows through the 
                dash, and inserting ``community-based and prevention-
                focused programs and activities designed to prevent 
                child abuse and neglect (through networks where 
                appropriate) that are accessible, effective, culturally 
                appropriate, and build upon existing strengths
                that--'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (G) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(G) demonstrate a commitment to meaningful parent 
                leadership, including among parents of children with 
                disabilities, parents with disabilities, racial and 
                ethnic minorities, and members of other 
                underrepresented or underserved groups; and
                  ``(H) provide referrals to early health and 
                developmental services;''; and
          (2) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) by inserting ``through leveraging of funds'' 
                after ``maximizing funding'';
                  (B) by striking ``a Statewide network of community-
                based, prevention-focused'' and inserting ``community-
                based and prevention-focused''; and
                  (C) by striking ``family resource and support 
                program'' and inserting ``programs and activities 
                designed to prevent child abuse and neglect (through 
                networks where appropriate)''.
  (c) Technical Amendment to Title Heading.--Title II of the Child 
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116) is amended by 
striking the heading for such title and inserting the following:

 ``TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED GRANTS FOR THE PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE 
                             AND NEGLECT''.

SEC. 122. ELIGIBILITY.

  Section 202 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5116a) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``a Statewide network of 
                        community-based, prevention-focused'' and 
                        inserting ``community-based and prevention-
                        focused''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``family resource and 
                        support programs'' and all that follows through 
                        the semicolon and inserting ``programs and 
                        activities designed to prevent child abuse and 
                        neglect (through networks where appropriate);''
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``that exists 
                to strengthen and support families to prevent child 
                abuse and neglect'' after ``written authority of the 
                State)'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``a network of 
                community-based family resource and support programs'' 
                and inserting ``community-based and prevention-focused 
                programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse 
                and neglect (through networks where appropriate)'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``to the network''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, and parents with 
                        disabilities'' before the semicolon;
                  (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``to the 
                network''; and
          (3) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Statewide 
                network of community-based, prevention-focused, family 
                resource and support programs'' and inserting 
                ``community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
                activities to prevent child abuse and neglect (through 
                networks where appropriate)'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Statewide 
                network of community-based, prevention-focused, family 
                resource and support programs'' and inserting 
                ``community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
                activities to prevent child abuse and neglect (through 
                networks where appropriate)'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and training 
                and technical assistance, to the Statewide network of 
                community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
                and support programs'' and inserting ``training, 
                technical assistance, and evaluation assistance, to 
                community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
                activities to prevent child abuse and neglect (through 
                networks where appropriate)''; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, parents 
                with disabilities,'' after ``children with 
                disabilities''.

SEC. 123. AMOUNT OF GRANT.

  Section 203(b)(1)(B) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act 
(42 U.S.C. 5116b(b)(1)(B)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``as the amount leveraged by the State from 
        private, State, or other non-Federal sources and directed 
        through the'' and inserting ``as the amount of private, State 
        or other non-Federal funds leveraged and directed through the 
        currently designated''; and
          (2) by striking ``the lead agency'' and inserting ``the 
        current lead agency''.

SEC. 124. EXISTING GRANTS.

  Section 204 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5115c) is repealed.

SEC. 125. APPLICATION.

  Section 205 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5116d) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs'' and inserting ``community-based and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities to prevent child 
        abuse and neglect (through networks where appropriate)'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``network of community-based, 
                prevention-focused, family resource and support 
                programs'' and inserting ``community-based and 
                prevention-focused programs and activities to prevent 
                child abuse and neglect (through networks where 
                appropriate)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``, including those funded by 
                programs consolidated under this Act,'';
          (3) by striking paragraph (3), and inserting the following:
          ``(3) a description of the inventory of current unmet needs 
        and current community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities to prevent child abuse and neglect, and other family 
        resource services operating in the State;'';
          (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``State's network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs'' and inserting ``community-based and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities designed to prevent 
        child abuse and neglect'';
          (5) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs'' and inserting ``start up, maintenance, 
        expansion, and redesign of community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect'';
          (6) in paragraph (7), by striking ``individual community-
        based, prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs'' and inserting ``community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect'';
          (7) in paragraph (8), by striking ``community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs'' and 
        inserting ``community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect'';
          (8) in paragraph (9), by striking ``community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs'' and 
        inserting ``community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect'';
          (9) in paragraph (10), by inserting ``(where appropriate)'' 
        after ``members'';
          (10) in paragraph (11), by striking ``prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support program'' and inserting 
        ``community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect''; and
          (11) by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (12).

SEC. 126. LOCAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

  Section 206(a) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5116e(a)) is amended--
          (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``prevention-focused, family resource and support programs'' 
        and inserting ``and prevention-focused programs and activities 
        designed to prevent child abuse and neglect'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``family resource and support 
                        services'' and inserting ``family support 
                        services for the prevention of child abuse and 
                        neglect'';
                          (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' at 
                        the end; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(v) respite care;
                          ``(vi) home visiting; and
                          ``(vii) family support services;''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``voluntary 
                home visiting and'' after ``including''; and
          (3) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
          ``(6) participate with other community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities to prevent child abuse and 
        neglect in the development, operation and expansion of networks 
        where appropriate.''.

SEC. 127. PERFORMANCE MEASURES.

  Section 207 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5116f) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs'' and inserting ``community-based and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities to prevent child 
        abuse and neglect'';
          (2) by striking paragraph (3), and inserting the following:
          ``(3) shall demonstrate that they will have addressed unmet 
        needs identified by the inventory and description of current 
        services required under section 205(3);'';
          (3) in paragraph (4),
                  (A) by inserting ``and parents with disabilities,'' 
                after ``children with disabilities,''; and
                  (B) by striking ``evaluation of'' the first place it 
                appears and all that follows through ``under this 
                title'' and inserting ``evaluation of community-based 
                and prevention-focused programs and activities to 
                prevent child abuse and neglect, and in the design, 
                operation and evaluation of the networks of such 
                community-based and prevention-focused programs'';
          (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``, prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support programs'' and inserting ``and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities designed to prevent 
        child abuse and neglect'';
          (5) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and 
        support programs'' and inserting ``community-based and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities designed to prevent 
        child abuse and neglect''; and
          (6) in paragraph (8), by striking ``community based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support programs'' and 
        inserting ``community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect''.

SEC. 128. NATIONAL NETWORK FOR COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE 
                    PROGRAMS.

  Section 208(3) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5116g(3)) is amended by striking ``Statewide networks of 
community-based, prevention-focused, family resource and support 
programs'' and inserting ``community-based and prevention-focused 
programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect''.

SEC. 129. DEFINITIONS.

  (a) Children With Disabilities.--Section 209(1) of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116h(1)) is amended by 
striking ``given such term in section 602(a)(2)'' and inserting ``given 
the term `child with a disability' in section 602(3) or `infant or 
toddler with a disability' in section 632(5)''.
  (b) Community-Based and Prevention-Focused Programs and Activities to 
Prevent Child Abuse and Neglect.--Section 209 of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5116h) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4);
          (2) by inserting the following after paragraph (2):
          ``(3) Community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities to prevent child abuse and neglect.--The term 
        `community-based and prevention-focused programs and activities 
        to prevent child abuse and neglect' includes organizations such 
        as family resource programs, family support programs, voluntary 
        home visiting programs, respite care programs, parenting 
        education, mutual support programs, and other community 
        programs that provide activities that are designed to prevent 
        or respond to child abuse and neglect.''; and
          (3) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4).

SEC. 130. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 210 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (42 
U.S.C. 5116i) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 210. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title 
$80,000,000 for fiscal year 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for 
each of the fiscal years 2005 through 2008.''.

                   Subtitle C--Conforming Amendments

SEC. 141. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

  The table of contents of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment 
Act, as contained in section 1(b) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 5101 note), is 
amended as follows:
          (1) By striking the item relating to section 105 and 
        inserting the following:

``Sec. 105. Grants to States and public or private agencies and 
organizations.''.

          (2) By striking the item relating to title II and inserting 
        the following:

 ``TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED GRANTS FOR THE PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE 
                             AND NEGLECT''.

          (3) By striking the item relating to section 204.

                    TITLE II--ADOPTION OPPORTUNITIES

SEC. 201. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF PURPOSE.

  Section 201 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5111) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and 
                inserting the following:
          ``(1) the number of children in substitute care has increased 
        by nearly 24 percent since 1994, as our Nation's foster care 
        population included more than 565,000 as of September of 2001;
          ``(2) children entering foster care have complex problems 
        that require intensive services, with many such children having 
        special needs because they are born to mothers who did not 
        receive prenatal care, are born with life threatening 
        conditions or disabilities, are born addicted to alcohol or 
        other drugs, or have been exposed to infection with the 
        etiologic agent for the human immunodeficiency virus;
          ``(3) each year, thousands of children are in need of 
        placement in permanent, adoptive homes;'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (6);
                  (C) by striking paragraph (7)(A) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(7)(A) currently, there are 131,000 children waiting for 
        adoption;''; and
                  (D) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (7), (8), (9), 
                and (10) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (8) 
                respectively; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``, including geographic barriers,'' after 
                ``barriers''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a national'' and 
                inserting ``an Internet-based national''.

SEC. 202. INFORMATION AND SERVICES.

  Section 203 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5113) is amended--
          (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 203. INFORMATION AND SERVICES.'';

          (2) by striking ``Sec. 203. (a) The Secretary'' and inserting 
        the following:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary'';
          (3) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting ``Required Activities.--'' after 
                ``(b)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``nonprofit'' each 
                place that such appears;
                  (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``nonprofit'';
                  (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``nonprofit'';
                  (E) in paragraph (4), by striking ``nonprofit'';
                  (F) in paragraph (6), by striking ``study the nature, 
                scope, and effects of'' and insert ``support'';
                  (G) in paragraph (7), by striking ``nonprofit'';
                  (H) in paragraph (9)--
                          (i) by striking ``nonprofit''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (I) in paragraph (10)--
                          (i) by striking ``nonprofit''; each place 
                        that such appears; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                  (J) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(11) provide (directly or by grant to or contract with 
        States, local government entities, or public or private 
        licensed child welfare or adoption agencies) for the 
        implementation of programs that are intended to increase the 
        number of older children (who are in foster care and with the 
        goal of adoption) placed in adoptive families, with a special 
        emphasis on child-specific recruitment strategies, including--
                  ``(A) outreach, public education, or media campaigns 
                to inform the public of the needs and numbers of older 
                youth available for adoption;
                  ``(B) training of personnel in the special needs of 
                older youth and the successful strategies of child-
                focused, child-specific recruitment efforts; and
                  ``(C) recruitment of prospective families for such 
                children.'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``(c)(1) The Secretary'' and 
                inserting the following:
  ``(c) Services for Families Adopting Special Needs Children.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
                  (B) by striking ``(2) Services'' and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(2) Services.--Services''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by realigning the margins of 
                        subparagraphs (A) through (G) accordingly;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (G), by striking the 
                        period and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(H) day treatment; and
                  ``(I) respite care.''; and
                  (D) by striking ``nonprofit''; each place that such 
                appears;
          (5) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``(d)(1) The Secretary'' and 
                inserting the following:
  ``(d) Improving Placement Rate of Children in Foster Care.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
                  (B) by striking ``(2)(A) Each State'' and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(2) Applications; technical and other assistance.--
                  ``(A) Applications.--Each State'';
                  (C) by striking ``(B) The Secretary'' and inserting 
                the following:
                  ``(B) Technical and other assistance.--The 
                Secretary'';
                  (D) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                          (i) by realigning the margins of clauses (i) 
                        and (ii) accordingly; and
                          (ii) by striking ``nonprofit'';
                  (E) by striking ``(3)(A) Payments'' and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(3) Payments.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Payments''; and
                  (F) by striking ``(B) Any payment'' and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(B) Reversion of unused funds.--Any payment''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(e) Elimination of Barriers to Adoptions Across Jurisdictional 
Boundaries.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award grants to, or 
        enter into contracts with, States, local government entities, 
        public or private child welfare or adoption agencies, adoption 
        exchanges, or adoption family groups to carry out initiatives 
        to improve efforts to eliminate barriers to placing children 
        for adoption across jurisdictional boundaries.
          ``(2) Services to supplement not supplant.--Services provided 
        under grants made under this subsection shall supplement, not 
        supplant, services provided using any other funds made 
        available for the same general purposes including--
                  ``(A) developing a uniform homestudy standard and 
                protocol for acceptance of homestudies between States 
                and jurisdictions;
                  ``(B) developing models of financing cross-
                jurisdictional placements;
                  ``(C) expanding the capacity of all adoption 
                exchanges to serve increasing numbers of children;
                  ``(D) developing training materials and training 
                social workers on preparing and moving children across 
                State lines; and
                  ``(E) developing and supporting initiative models for 
                networking among agencies, adoption exchanges, and 
                parent support groups across jurisdictional 
                boundaries.''.

SEC. 203. STUDY OF ADOPTION PLACEMENTS.

  Section 204 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5114) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``The'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--
        The'';
          (2) by striking ``of this Act'' and inserting ``of the 
        Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003'';
          (3) by striking ``to determine the nature'' and inserting 
        ``to determine--
          ``(1) the nature'';
          (4) by striking ``which are not licensed'' and all that 
        follows through ``entity''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) how interstate placements are being financed across 
        State lines;
          ``(3) recommendations on best practice models for both 
        interstate and intrastate adoptions; and
          ``(4) how State policies in defining special needs children 
        differentiate or group similar categories of children.''.

SEC. 204. STUDIES ON SUCCESSFUL ADOPTIONS.

  Section 204 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption 
Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5114) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(b) Dynamics of Successful Adoption.--The Secretary shall conduct 
research (directly or by grant to, or contract with, public or private 
nonprofit research agencies or organizations) about adoption outcomes 
and the factors affecting those outcomes. The Secretary shall submit a 
report containing the results of such research to the appropriate 
committees of the Congress not later than the date that is 36 months 
after the date of the enactment of the Keeping Children and Families 
Safe Act of 2003.
  ``(c) Interjurisdictional Adoption.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of the enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 
2003, the Secretary, in consultation with the Comptroller General, 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of the Congress a report 
that contains recommendations for an action plan to facilitate the 
interjurisdictional adoption of foster children.''.

SEC. 205. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 205(a) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and 
Adoption Reform Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 5115(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(a) There are authorized to be appropriated $40,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2005 
through 2008 to carry out programs and activities authorized under this 
subtitle.''.

                TITLE III--ABANDONED INFANTS ASSISTANCE

SEC. 301. FINDINGS.

  Section 2 of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 (42 U.S.C. 
670 note) is amended--
          (1) by striking paragraph (1);
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by inserting ``studies indicate that a number of 
                factors contribute to'' before ``the inability of'';
                  (B) by inserting ``some'' after ``inability of'';
                  (C) by striking ``who abuse drugs''; and
                  (D) by striking ``care for such infants'' and 
                inserting ``care for their infants'';
          (3) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
          ``(5) appropriate training is needed for personnel working 
        with infants and young children with life-threatening 
        conditions and other special needs, including those who are 
        infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (commonly known 
        as `HIV'), those who have acquired immune deficiency syndrome 
        (commonly know as `AIDS'), and those who have been exposed to 
        dangerous drugs;'';
          (4) by striking paragraphs (6) and (7);
          (5) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``by parents abusing 
        drugs,'' after ``deficiency syndrome,'';
          (6) in paragraph (9), by striking ``comprehensive services'' 
        and all that follows through the semicolon at the end and 
        inserting ``comprehensive support services for such infants and 
        young children and their families and services to prevent the 
        abandonment of such infants and young children, including 
        foster care services, case management services, family support 
        services, respite and crisis intervention services, counseling 
        services, and group residential home services; and'';
          (7) by striking paragraph (11);
          (8) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), (5), (8), (9), 
        and (10) as paragraphs (1) through (7), respectively; and
          (9) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(8) Private, Federal, State, and local resources should be 
        coordinated to establish and maintain such services and to 
        ensure the optimal use of all such resources.''.

SEC. 302. ESTABLISHMENT OF LOCAL PROGRAMS.

  Section 101 of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 (42 
U.S.C. 670 note) is amended--
          (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT OF LOCAL PROGRAMS.''; AND

          (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
  ``(b) Priority in Provision of Services.--The Secretary may not make 
a grant under subsection (a) unless the applicant for the grant agrees 
to give priority to abandoned infants and young children who--
          ``(1) are infected with, or have been perinatally exposed to, 
        the human immunodeficiency virus, or have a life-threatening 
        illness or other special medical need; or
          ``(2) have been perinatally exposed to a dangerous drug.''.

SEC. 303. EVALUATIONS, STUDY, AND REPORTS BY SECRETARY.

  Section 102 of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 (42 
U.S.C. 670 note) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 102. EVALUATIONS, STUDY, AND REPORTS BY SECRETARY.

  ``(a) Evaluations of Local Programs.--The Secretary shall, directly 
or through contracts with public and nonprofit private entities, 
provide for evaluations of projects carried out under section 101 and 
for the dissemination of information developed as a result of such 
projects.
  ``(b) Study and Report on Number of Abandoned Infants and Young 
Children.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a study for 
        the purpose of determining--
                  ``(A) an estimate of the annual number of infants and 
                young children relinquished, abandoned, or found 
                deceased in the United States and the number of such 
                infants and young children who are infants and young 
                children described in section 223(b);
                  ``(B) an estimate of the annual number of infants and 
                young children who are victims of homicide;
                  ``(C) characteristics and demographics of parents who 
                have abandoned an infant within 1 year of the infant's 
                birth; and
                  ``(D) an estimate of the annual costs incurred by the 
                Federal Government and by State and local governments 
                in providing housing and care for abandoned infants and 
                young children.
          ``(2) Deadline.--Not later than 36 months after the date of 
        the enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 
        2003, the Secretary shall complete the study required under 
        paragraph (1) and submit to the Congress a report describing 
        the findings made as a result of the study.
  ``(c) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate and report on 
effective methods of intervening before the abandonment of an infant or 
young child so as to prevent such abandonments, and effective methods 
for responding to the needs of abandoned infants and young children.''.

SEC. 304. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  Section 104 of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 (42 
U.S.C. 670 note) is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
  ``(a) In General.--
          ``(1) Authorization.--For the purpose of carrying out this 
        Act, there are authorized to be appropriated $45,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal 
        years 2005 through 2008.
          ``(2) Limitation.--Not more than 5 percent of the amounts 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year may be 
        obligated for carrying out section 224(a).'';
          (2) by striking subsection (b);
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``Authorization.--
                '' after ``(1)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by inserting ``Limitation.--'' after 
                        ``(2)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``fiscal year 1991.'' and 
                        inserting ``fiscal year 2003.''; and
          (4) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (b) and (c), respectively.

SEC. 305. DEFINITIONS

  Section 103 of the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988 (42 
U.S.C. 670 note) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 103. DEFINITIONS.

  ``For purposes of this Act:
          ``(1) The terms `abandoned' and `abandonment', with respect 
        to infants and young children, mean that the infants and young 
        children are medically cleared for discharge from acute-care 
        hospital settings, but remain hospitalized because of a lack of 
        appropriate out-of-hospital placement alternatives.
          ``(2) The term `acquired immune deficiency syndrome' includes 
        infection with the etiologic agent for such syndrome, any 
        condition indicating that an individual is infected with such 
        etiologic agent, and any condition arising from such etiologic 
        agent.
          ``(3) The term `dangerous drug' means a controlled substance, 
        as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act.
          ``(4) The term `natural family' shall be broadly interpreted 
        to include natural parents, grandparents, family members, 
        guardians, children residing in the household, and individuals 
        residing in the household on a continuing basis who are in a 
        care-giving situation with respect to infants and young 
        children covered under this subtitle.
          ``(5) The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Health and 
        Human Services.''.

         TITLE IV--FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT

SEC. 401. STATE DEMONSTRATION GRANTS.

  (a) Underserved Populations.--Section 303(a)(2)(C) of the Family 
Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)(2)(C)) is 
amended by striking ``underserved populations,'' and all that follows 
and inserting the following: ``underserved populations, as defined in 
section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 
(42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2);''.
  (b) Report.--Section 303(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(5) Upon completion of the activities funded by a grant under this 
title, the State grantee shall submit to the Secretary a report that 
contains a description of the activities carried out under paragraph 
(2)(B)(i).''.

SEC. 402. SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITIES.

  Section 305(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10404(a)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``an employee'' and inserting ``1 or more 
        employees'';
          (2) by striking ``of this title.'' and inserting ``of this 
        title, including carrying out evaluation and monitoring under 
        this title.''; and
          (3) by striking ``The individual'' and inserting ``Any 
        individual''.

SEC. 403. EVALUATION.

  Section 306 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10405) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``Not later 
than two years after the date on which funds are obligated under 
section 303(a) for the first time after the date of the enactment of 
this title, and every two years thereafter,'' and inserting ``Every 2 
years,''.

SEC. 404. INFORMATION AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS.

  Section 308 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10407) is amended by striking subsection (g).

SEC. 405. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) General Authorization.--Section 310(a) of the Family Violence 
Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(a)) is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this title $175,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2004 through 
2008.''.
  (b) Grants for State Domestic Violence Coalitions.--Section 311(g) of 
such Act (42 U.S.C. 10410(g)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(g) Funding.--Of the amount appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations under section 310(a) for a fiscal year, 
not less than 10 percent of such amount shall be made available to 
award grants under this section.''.

SEC. 406. GRANTS FOR STATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COALITIONS.

  Section 311 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10410) is amended by striking subsection (h).

SEC. 407. EVALUATION AND MONITORING.

  Section 312 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10412) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(c) Of the amount appropriated under section 310(a) for each fiscal 
year, not more than 2.5 percent shall be used by the Secretary for 
evaluation, monitoring, and other administrative costs under this 
title.''.

SEC. 408. FAMILY MEMBER ABUSE INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTATION PROJECT.

  Section 313 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10413) is repealed.

SEC. 409. MODEL STATE LEADERSHIP GRANTS.

  Section 315 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10415) is repealed.

SEC. 410. NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE GRANT.

  (a) Duration.--Section 316(b) of the Family Violence Prevention and 
Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416(b)) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``A grant'' and inserting the following:
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
        grant''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Extension.--The Secretary may extend the duration of a 
        grant under this section beyond the period described in 
        paragraph (1) if, prior to such extension--
                  ``(A) the entity prepares and submits to the 
                Secretary a report that evaluates the effectiveness of 
                the use of amounts received under the grant for the 
                period described in paragraph (1) and contains any 
                other information as the Secretary may prescribe; and
                  ``(B) the report and other appropriate criteria 
                indicate that the entity is successfully operating the 
                hotline in accordance with subsection (a).''.
  (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 316(f) of such Act (42 
U.S.C. 10416(f)) is amended in paragraph (1) by striking ``fiscal years 
2001 through 2005'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2004 through 2008''.

SEC. 411. YOUTH EDUCATION AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

  Section 317 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10417) is repealed.

SEC. 412. DEMONSTRATION GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

  (a) In General.--Section 318(h) of the Family Violence Prevention and 
Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418(h)) is amended to read as follows:
  ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $6,000,000 for each of the 
fiscal years 2004 through 2008.''.
  (b) Regulations.--Section 318 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 10418) is 
amended by striking subsection (i).

SEC. 413. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE.

  Section 319(f) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 
U.S.C. 10419(f)) is amended by striking ``fiscal year 2001'' and 
inserting ``each of the fiscal years 2004 through 2008''.

SEC. 414. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

  The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10401 et 
seq.) is amended as follows:
          (1) In section 302(1) by striking ``demonstrate the 
        effectiveness of assisting'' and inserting ``assist''.
          (2) In section 303(a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``State 
                        domestic violence coalitions knowledgeable 
                        individuals and interested organizations'' and 
                        inserting ``State domestic violence coalitions, 
                        knowledgeable individuals, and interested 
                        organizations''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (F), by adding ``and'' 
                        at the end; and
                  (B) by aligning the margins of paragraph (4) with the 
                margins of paragraph (3).
          (3) In section 305(b)(2)(A) by striking ``provide for 
        research, and into'' and inserting ``provide for research 
        into''.
          (4) In section 311(a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(K), by striking ``other criminal 
                justice professionals,;'' and inserting ``other 
                criminal justice professionals;'' and
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                        by striking ``family law judges,,'' and 
                        inserting ``family law judges,'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, 
                        criminal court judges,'' after ``family law 
                        judges''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (H), by striking 
                        ``supervised visitations that do not endanger 
                        victims and their children'' and inserting 
                        ``supervised visitations or denial of 
                        visitation to protect against danger to victims 
                        or their children''.

                                PURPOSE

    The purpose of H.R. 14, the Keeping Children and Families 
Safe Act of 2003, is to reauthorize and make amendments to the 
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), the Adoption 
Opportunities program, the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, 
and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA). 
The bill is aimed at preventing child abuse and family violence 
before it occurs, and protecting and treating abused and 
neglected children and victims of family violence. The bill 
also focuses on maintaining local projects with demonstrated 
value in eliminating barriers to permanent adoption and 
addressing the circumstances that often lead to child 
abandonment.

                            COMMITTEE ACTION


Hearings

    During the 107th Congress, the Subcommittee on Select 
Education held two hearings in Washington, D.C. to review and 
hear comments on the reauthorization of the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), the Adoption 
Opportunities program, the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, 
and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA).
    The first hearing was held on August 2, 2001, ``CAPTA: 
Successes and Failures at Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect.'' 
The purpose of the hearing was to review how CAPTA had been 
implemented and administered since the 1996 reauthorization, 
and to examine what had or had not worked in the prevention of 
child abuse and neglect.
    The second hearing was held on October 17, 2001, 
``Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect: Policy 
Directions for the Future.'' The purpose of the hearing was to 
more closely examine the issues and topics that arose during 
the first hearing in order to help the Subcommittee learn more 
about such issues as it began the reauthorization process.

Legislative action

    On January 7, 2003, Representative Pete Hoekstra (R-MI) 
introduced H.R. 14, the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act 
of 2003. H.R. 14 reauthorizes and makes amendments to CAPTA, 
the Adoption Opportunities program, the Abandoned Infants Act, 
and FVPSA. Two similar bills were introduced and passed by the 
House during the 107th Congress: H.R. 3839 and H.R. 5601. The 
House was unable to reach agreement with the Senate HELP 
Committee's bill, S. 2998. H.R. 14 reflects provisions in 
agreement with H.R. 3839 and S. 2998 (which was reflected in 
H.R. 5601), and includes the recommendations of the 
Administration, the recommendations of the child abuse and 
family violence coalitions and community, and the 
recommendations of groups representing the interests of 
families.
    The Committee on Education and the Workforce considered 
H.R. 14 in legislative session on February 13, 2003 during 
which two amendments were considered and adopted by voice vote. 
The Committee on Education and the Workforce, with the majority 
of the Committee present, favorably reported H.R. 14, as 
amended, to the House of Representatives by voice vote on 
February 13, 2003. The following is a description of the 
amendments adopted to H.R. 14 during full Committee 
consideration:
           Representative Hoekstra (R-MI) offered an 
        amendment in the Nature of a Substitute to clarify that 
        states, where permitted by state law, that conduct 
        child abuse and neglect proceedings in open court do so 
        in a manner that considers the safety and well-being of 
        the child, parents and family and to slightly increase 
        the amount of funding (from 2 percent to 2.5 percent) 
        that the Secretary of HHS may use for evaluation, 
        monitoring and other administrative costs for programs 
        under FVPSA.
           Representative Andrews (D-NJ) offered an 
        amendment (for Representative Davis (D-CA)) to provide 
        for a Sense of Congress that entities receiving CAPTA 
        funding should ensure that limited English proficient 
        children and families participating in CAPTA programs 
        are provided materials and services under such programs 
        in an appropriate language other than English.

                                SUMMARY


          Title I--Child Abuse Prevention and Related Programs


                      SUBTITLE A--GENERAL PROGRAM

    Subtitle A of H.R. 14 extends and modifies Title 1 of the 
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA). Title I 
authorizes: grants to states to help states support their child 
protective services systems and requires states to submit 
certain data to the Department of Health and Human Services 
(HHS); funding for research and demonstration projects related 
to prevention of child abuse and neglect; grants to states to 
improve investigation and prosecution of child maltreatment; 
and authorizes HHS to operate a national clearinghouse of 
information related to child abuse and neglect. The bill makes 
clarifying and technical corrections; promotes partnerships 
between child protective services and private and community-
based organizations to provide child abuse and neglect 
prevention and treatment services; requires the Secretary of 
HHS to conduct a study on the effectiveness of citizen review 
panels; requires states to provide for the development of a 
plan to address the needs of infants harmed by prenatal alcohol 
or drug exposure; requires states to conduct criminal 
background checks for prospective foster and adoptive parents 
and other adult relatives and non-relatives residing in a 
household; instructs HHS to conduct the fourth National 
Incidence Study (NIS-4); and promotes the protection of 
individual rights by improving the training, recruitment and 
retention of child protective services personnel regarding 
their legal authority. It also requires such personnel to 
inform individuals of the allegations or complaints made 
against them. The bill also improves public education on the 
role of the child protection system and appropriate reporting 
of suspected incidents of child abuse and neglect to reduce the 
number of false or malicious allegations.
    Title I is currently authorized at such sums. Title I State 
Grants received $22 million for FY 2002 and is currently being 
funded under the Continuing Resolution and Discretionary Grants 
received $26 million for FY 2002 and is currently being funded 
by the Continuing Resolution. The bill authorizes Title I at 
$120 million for FY 2004 and such sums for FY 2005 through 
2008.

     SUBTITLE B--COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE AND SUPPORT GRANTS

    Subtitle B of H.R. 14 extends and modifies Title II of 
CAPTA. Title II authorizes grants to help establish and operate 
statewide networks of community-based, family support programs 
for the prevention of child abuse and neglect that coordinate a 
wide variety of resources within each state. The bill makes 
clarifying and technical changes to emphasize the prevention of 
child abuse and neglect before it occurs; promotes parent 
leadership to ensure that new parents receive appropriate 
parenting services, including parents of children with 
disabilities and parents with disabilities; and includes 
respite care, home visit and family support services as core 
family support programs for improving local programs in 
preventing child abuse and neglect.
    Title II is currently authorized at such sums. Community-
based grants received $33 million for FY 2002 and are currently 
being funded under the Continuing Resolution. The bill 
authorizes $80 million for FY 2004 and such sums for FY 2005 
through 2008.

                   SUBTITLE C--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS

    Subtitle C of H.R. 14 makes conforming amendments to the 
act.

                    Title II--Adoption Opportunities

    Title II of H.R. 14 extends and modifies Title II of the 
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Reform Act of 1978 
that authorizes the Adoption Opportunities program. The 
Adoption Opportunities program authorizes HHS to award funds to 
states and local public and private nonprofit agencies to 
promote quality standards for adoption services; pre-placement, 
post-placement, and post-legal adoption counseling, and 
standards to protect children's rights; maintain a national 
adoption information exchange system and conduct national 
recruitment efforts to reach prospective adoptive parents; and 
to assist state efforts for increasing the placement of foster 
care children legally free for adoption. The bill makes minor 
changes and requires the Secretary of HHS to conduct a study on 
the dynamics of successful adoptions and the 
interjurisdictional adoption of foster children; encourages the 
elimination of geographical barriers to adoption; and requires 
the Secretary of HHS to study the nature, scope and effect of 
interstate placement of children in adoptive homes by public 
and private agencies and how interstate placements are being 
financed across state lines.
    The Adoption Opportunities program is currently authorized 
at such sums. It received $27 million for FY 2002 and is 
currently being funded under the Continuing Resolution. The 
bill authorizes $40 million for FY 2004 and such sums for FY 
2005 through 2008.

          Title III--Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988

    Title III of H.R. 14 extends and modifies the Abandoned 
Infants Assistance Act of 1988. The Abandoned Infants 
Assistance Act authorizes local programs (formerly called 
demonstration grants) to public and private nonprofit agencies 
for such activities as preventing the abandonment of infants; 
identifying and addressing the needs of abandoned infants; 
recruiting and training foster families for abandoned children; 
providing residential care for infants and young children who 
cannot live with their families or be placed in foster care; 
providing respite care for families and foster families; and 
recruiting and training health and social services personnel to 
work with abandoned children. The bill amends one of the 
priorities for provisions of services to local programs serving 
abandoned infants and young children who were perinatally 
exposed to HIV or are HIV-infected, or have a life-threatening 
illness or other special needs. The bill also requires the 
Secretary to conduct a study on the annual number of infants 
and young children who are victims of homicide; characteristics 
and demographics of parents who have abandoned an infant; and 
an estimate of the annual costs incurred by the federal 
government and by state and local governments in providing for 
the care of abandoned infants.
    The Abandoned Infants Assistance Act is currently 
authorized at such sums. It received $12 million for FY 2002 
and is currently being funded under the Continuing Resolution. 
The bill authorizes $45 million for FY 2004 and such sums for 
FY 2005 through 2008.

         Title IV--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

    Title IV of H.R. 14 reauthorizes and amends the Family 
Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA). FVPSA authorizes 
assistance to states, Tribes and Tribal organizations to assist 
in efforts to increase public awareness about family violence 
and provide immediate shelter and related assistance to victims 
of family violence and their dependents. FVPSA was reauthorized 
with the Violence Against Women Act during the 106th Congress, 
however only a straight five year authorization was agreed to 
with no major changes to the act. The bill makes minor and 
technical changes to the act and extends the reauthorization to 
coordinate with the reauthorization of CAPTA and its related 
programs and act. The bill also extends the authorization for 
the transitional housing assistance program that awards grants 
to entities to provide transitional housing or housing 
assistance to victims and their dependents fleeing a domestic 
violence situation and for whom emergency shelter services are 
unavailable or insufficient.
    Currently $175 million is authorized for state 
demonstration grants, technical assistance centers and state 
domestic violence coalitions (including Battered Women's 
Shelters) through FY 2005. The national domestic hotline is 
authorized at $2 million through FY 2005, the community 
initiative grants are authorized at $6 million through FY 2005, 
and the transitional housing assistance program is authorized 
at $25 million for FY 2001.
    FVPSA received $2 million for its Domestic Violence Hotline 
program and $125 million for state demonstration grants, 
technical assistance centers and state domestic violence 
coalitions (including Battered Women's Shelters) for FY 2002. 
The community initiative grants received $5.9 million for FY 
2002. The transitional housing assistance program did not 
receive funding. All programs are currently being funded under 
the Continuing Resolution.

                            COMMITTEE VIEWS

    According to the most recent Child Maltreatment Report, 
each year an estimated 3 million reports of possible child 
maltreatment are made to child protective services. 
Approximately 62 percent of these reports were investigated and 
879,000 children were estimated to have been victims of child 
abuse or neglect in 2000. Of these victims, 62.8 percent 
suffered neglect, 19 percent suffered physical abuse and 10 
percent were sexually abused.
    Despite a slight one-year increase in the number of victims 
of child abuse and neglect this rate still represents the 
second-lowest level in the past decade. This increase may be 
due to various factors including a more timely completion of 
investigations, or a cleared backlog of investigations awaiting 
dispositions. However, the long-term trend in child abuse 
reporting has been one of substantial growth, with the number 
of maltreatment reports more than quadrupling since 1976. It 
should be noted that increased reporting does not necessarily 
mean an equivalent increase in actual cases of abuse and 
neglect. The number of reported child abuse cases is likely 
higher due to improved reporting mechanisms and greater 
awareness of the problem of child abuse and neglect. Despite 
progress made in promoting child abuse awareness, and the 
endless efforts made to prevent child abuse and neglect, much 
more work is needed to prevent and treat child abuse and 
neglect.
    Family violence also continues to be the most common, yet 
least reported, crime in our nation. Approximately, 95 percent 
of family violence victims are women, and it is estimated that 
every 11 seconds a woman is battered in the United States. It 
is also estimated that 70 percent of men who abuse their wives 
also abuse their children, and children from abusive homes are 
at greater risk of alcohol or drug abuse, juvenile delinquency, 
and depression and suicide.
    In addition, caseworker training, supervision and case 
management continue to be important areas of improvement for 
child protective services systems. Research has shown that 
child abuse caseworkers lack adequate resources and are often 
in charge of more cases than they can realistically handle. 
Caseworker skill, training, and workload are critical 
components to delivery of appropriate investigations, 
prevention and intervention, treatment services, and case 
management.
    The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) was 
established in 1974 to create a focal point within the federal 
government to identify and address the issues of child abuse 
and neglect, and to support effective methods of prevention and 
treatment. CAPTA was last reauthorized in 1996 and expired at 
the end of fiscal year 2001.
    The last reauthorization in 1996 made significant changes 
to CAPTA to better target federal abuse and neglect prevention 
resources, enhance the ability of states to respond to actual 
cases of abuse and neglect, and to consolidate and coordinate 
federal data collection efforts in order to gain a better 
perspective on the trends of child abuse and neglect and find 
effective methods of prevention and treatment efforts. H.R. 14 
builds upon the reforms made during the 1996 reauthorization to 
improve program implementation and make improvements to current 
law to ensure that states have the necessary resources and 
flexibility to properly address issues of child abuse and 
neglect and family violence. The changes in H.R. 14 also serve 
to assist states in improving their child protective services 
systems and enhance the federal government's role in providing 
support for the child protective services system infrastructure 
to correct any imbalance in the federal government's response 
to child abuse and neglect.

Promoting improved services

    One recurring theme the Subcommittee on Select Education 
heard during the hearings on CAPTA held during the 107th 
Congress was the need to expand upon current law activities of 
the child protective services system and the need to ensure 
that states have the necessary resources and data to address 
the issues of child abuse and neglect. Currently, CAPTA 
requires the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to 
conduct an interdisciplinary research program to provide 
information that could improve child protection and the well 
being of children who have been abused or neglected. HHS is 
also required to operate a national clearinghouse for 
information on child abuse and neglect. Both of these resources 
provide states with important data to assist them in addressing 
the issues of child abuse and neglect.
    In order to build upon existing data and focus research on 
more current topics, the Committee made several modifications 
to current law. These changes promote the collection and 
dissemination of information to help all states improve upon 
their current systems. H.R. 14 requires the national 
clearinghouse to collect and disseminate information that 
describes the best practices being used throughout the nation 
for making appropriate referrals. The bill also requires the 
Secretary to conduct research on a variety of topics, including 
state child protective services systems improvement, effective 
approaches to interagency collaboration between the child 
protective services system and the juvenile justice system, and 
redundancies and gaps in services in the field of child abuse 
and neglect prevention in order to make better use of limited 
federal resources.
    CAPTA also currently permits the Secretary to conduct time-
limited demonstration programs and projects for such matters as 
training professional and paraprofessional staff, recruiting 
and training of volunteers, and establishing resource centers 
for providing information and training related to child abuse 
and neglect. H.R. 14 expands these opportunities to include 
training to support the enhancement of linkages between child 
protective service agencies and health care agencies to improve 
forensic diagnosis and health evaluations; and to support 
innovative partnerships between child protective service 
agencies and health care agencies that offer creative 
approaches to using existing federal, state, local, and private 
funding to meet the health evaluation needs of children who 
have been subjects of substantiated cases of child abuse and 
neglect.
    The Secretary may also grant awards to private nonprofit 
organizations to establish and maintain mutual support and 
self-help programs as a means of strengthening families in 
partnership with their communities. Current law makes a 
specific reference to the group Parents Anonymous as an example 
of the types of organizations that would benefit from such 
grants. Parents Anonymous is a national self-help organization 
dedicated to community outreach for the prevention of child 
abuse and neglect. While recognized as a successful 
organization, the Committee believes that no single group or 
organization should receive special recognition in federal 
statute. As such, H.R. 14 strikes this specific reference to 
Parents Anonymous in order to create a level playing field for 
other similar programs and organizations that do not enjoy this 
special recognition. However, striking the reference to Parents 
Anonymous in no way implies that the Committee does not 
recognize and support the efforts and work of Parents 
Anonymous. The Committee also wants to encourage the Secretary 
to continue to award grants to organizations that operate 
programs that incorporate quality standards and demonstrate 
effectiveness in their efforts in preventing child abuse and 
neglect.
    H.R. 14 further builds upon the theme of improving state 
child protective services systems by allowing states to use 
their CAPTA dollars to promote partnerships between public 
agencies and community-based organizations to provide child 
abuse and neglect prevention and treatment services, and by 
supporting and enhancing interagency collaboration between 
child protective service systems and the juvenile justice 
system for improved delivery of services and treatment, 
including methods of continuity of treatment and services as 
children transition between such systems.
    The bill also improves the training of child protective 
services personnel to ensure that they are knowledgeable in 
best practices for promoting collaboration with families and 
that they are fully aware of the extent and limits of their 
legal authority and the legal rights of parents in carrying out 
such investigations. H.R. 14 requires that states have 
provisions in place that address the training of child 
protective services personnel in their legal duties, which may 
consist of procedures to inform such personnel of such duties, 
in order to protect the legal rights of children and families. 
H.R. 14 also encourages states to improve the training, 
retention and supervision of caseworkers as an essential piece 
of preventing child abuse and neglect. Best practices casework 
is critical to decreasing child abuse, improving intervention 
and treatment and to the overall improvement of outcomes for 
children and families.
    In addition, the Committee wanted to ensure that state 
child protective service agencies were operating effectively 
and serving the needs of their community. As part of the 1996 
reauthorization, states were required to establish citizen 
review panels composed of volunteer community representatives 
to examine and evaluate the policies and procedures of state 
and local child protective services agency activities. To 
ensure that these review panels are fulfilling their mission, 
H.R. 14 requires the Secretary to conduct a study by random 
sample on the effectiveness of citizen review panels and report 
its findings to the appropriate Committees of Congress.

Fourth National Incidence Study

    The National Incidence Study (NIS) is the single most 
comprehensive source of information about the current rate of 
child abuse and neglect in the United States. The last NIS 
study was conducted from 1993 to 1996. It provided key updates 
on the estimates on the incidence of child abuse and neglect in 
the United States and measured changes in such incidence from 
earlier studies. H.R. 14 instructs the Secretary to conduct the 
fourth NIS and report its findings to the appropriate 
Committees of Congress within four years. The Committee 
believes that it is necessary to obtain the most updated 
information on the national incidence of child abuse and 
neglect in order to continue to monitor trends on the 
occurrence of child maltreatment in the United States and to 
review what is or is not working in the prevention of child 
abuse and neglect efforts. The Committee also is interested in 
reviewing the incidence and prevalence of child maltreatment as 
it relates to family structure and household relationship 
(including the living arrangement of the resident parent), 
family income, family size, school enrollment and education 
attainment, disability, grandparents as caregivers, and labor 
force status. The Committee feels this information is important 
in order to review and monitor the conditions that lead to 
incidents of child abuse and neglect and to help monitor other 
services that may be needed in the future to ensure that the 
needs of children at risk for abuse and neglect are met.

Protecting individual rights

    During the hearings on CAPTA last Congress, the 
Subcommittee heard concerns about the number of parents being 
falsely accused of child abuse and neglect and the 
aggressiveness of child protective services personnel in their 
investigations of alleged child abuse. Mr. Christopher Klicka 
of the Home School Legal Defense Association described numerous 
cases of innocent families being aggressively investigated on 
allegations of child abuse and neglect only to have such cases 
later determined to be unsubstantiated or false. In his 
testimony describing a conversation with a former social 
worker, Mr. Klicka stated, ``In the old days, social workers 
tried to prove a reported family was innocent and considered 
the family innocent until proven guilty. Now the system 
operates on the principle that a family is guilty . . . 
period.''
    The Committee looked carefully for ways to ensure that the 
individual rights of parents being investigated on allegations 
of child abuse or neglect were protected, while not 
compromising the intent of the child protective services 
system--to ensure that the best interest of the child is the 
primary focus. To that end the Committee wanted to enhance the 
training of child protective services personnel to ensure that 
they are knowledgeable in best practices for promoting 
collaboration with families and that they are fully aware of 
the extent and limits of their legal authority and the legal 
rights of parents in carrying out such investigations. H.R. 14 
requires that states have provisions in place that address the 
training of child protective services personnel in their legal 
duties, which may consist of procedures to inform such 
personnel of such duties, in order to protect the 
constitutional and statutory rights of children and families. 
For instance, the Committee believes that child protective 
services personnel should understand that they don't have the 
authority to demand entry into the family home when 
investigating an allegation.
    The bill also permits states to use their CAPTA dollars to 
develop and deliver information related to improving public 
education on the role and responsibilities of the child 
protective services system and the proper and appropriate basis 
for reporting suspected incidents of child abuse and neglect. 
It is the hope of the Committee that by requiring states to 
improve the training of social workers in proper and 
appropriate investigating techniques, and provide more 
education on appropriate reporting of child abuse and neglect 
by the public that incidents of aggressive investigating 
behavior and incidents of false reports of child maltreatment 
cases will be significantly decreased.
    The Committee also heard concerns about how most of these 
families were never informed of the specific allegations made 
against them in the first place. The Committee firmly believes 
that individuals being investigated for alleged child 
maltreatment should be informed of the specific allegations 
made against them. H.R. 14 addresses this issue by requiring 
states to have policies and procedures in place to require 
social workers, at the initial time of contact, to advise 
individuals who are subject to a child abuse and neglect 
investigation of the complaints or allegations made against 
them. However, it is not the intent of the Committee that by 
requiring states to have such policies and procedures in place 
that such advisement be too descriptive as to inadvertently 
provide identifying information that may reveal the source of 
such allegation or complaint. The bill specifically states that 
such advisement be in a manner that is consistent with laws 
protecting the rights of the informant. It is also not the 
intent of the Committee to in any way prohibit social workers 
investigating an alleged case of child maltreatment from 
interviewing a child who may be the victim of such maltreatment 
in a non-residence setting (such as the child's school) without 
notifying the child's parents or legal guardian. The goal of 
this provision is to ensure that the individuals being 
investigated for alleged child maltreatment be informed of the 
specific allegations made against them at the initial time of 
contact by the social worker.
    In addition, the Committee wants to ensure that individual 
rights are protected by giving individuals who have been 
subject to a child abuse and neglect investigation an 
opportunity to be heard when they feel they have been 
wrongfully accused or have been the subject of an overly 
aggressive child maltreatment investigation. H.R. 14 requires 
citizen review panels to provide for public outreach and 
comment in order to help states assess the impact of the 
procedures and practices of their child protective services 
system upon the children, families, and individuals in the 
community.

Protecting infants born addicted to substances

    Last Congress, as the Subcommittee began reviewing issues 
and concerns surrounding the reauthorization of CAPTA one issue 
that arose was how to protect and deal with infants born and 
identified with fetal alcohol effects, fetal alcohol syndrome, 
neonatal intoxication or withdrawal syndrome, or neonatal 
physical or neurological harm resulting from prenatal drug 
exposure. During consideration of H.R. 3839 (from the 107th 
Congress) Congressman Jim Greenwood (R-PA) offered an amendment 
to address this issue. As a former caseworker and state 
legislator, Congressman Greenwood has spent countless hours 
looking for ways to assure proper treatment for infants who 
have been harmed by alcohol and/or other drug exposure in 
utero. During a Subcommittee hearing held in 2001, Congressman 
Greenwood described his ideas and attempts to require that 
states have some sort of reporting requirements to child 
protective services for when infants are born addicted to drugs 
or alcohol. He also spoke of requiring the child protective 
services agency to develop a safe plan of care for the infant. 
Currently, only 12 states and the District of Columbia have 
some form of specific reporting criteria and procedures 
relating to drug-exposed infants.
    This issue also received attention in the fall of 2001 when 
the Washington Post ran a series of articles describing several 
infants born addicted to drugs or alcohol in the District of 
Columbia who died from lack of care by the mother or 
supervision from the city's child protective services agency--
even when the agency was aware of the child's and family's 
fragile condition. According to one article, eleven drug-
exposed or medically frail newborns in D.C. died from 1993 
through 2000 after they were released to parents whose 
addictions and circumstances were well-documented by hospitals 
and social workers. The article stated: ``The babies got lost 
in a system where no one assumes direct responsibility for 
them.''
    In some instances where the child protective services 
agency was properly notified, the agency failed to respond to 
the hospital's calls, leaving fragile infants in the hands of 
parents who were ill-equipped to care for them. The article 
continued to describe numerous other cases with the same 
results. A committee formed to investigate the District's 
policies regarding infants born drug-exposed or addicted to 
drugs or alcohol concluded, ``There are no standards, policies, 
procedures, or consistent practices for dealing with substance 
abuse mothers, especially of newborns addicted to drugs.''
    Congressman Greenwood's amendment required states, as a 
condition of receiving CAPTA dollars, to have policies and 
procedures in place to address the needs of infants born with 
fetal alcohol effects, fetal alcohol syndrome, neonatal 
intoxication or withdrawal syndrome, or neonatal physical or 
neurological harm resulting from prenatal drug exposure. Under 
the amendment, health care providers involved in the delivery 
of such infants would be required to notify the child 
protective services system of such occurrence and a safe plan 
of care for the infant, including providing services to the 
mother would be required. The amendment passed the Subcommittee 
and Full Committee by voice vote and remained in the bill (H.R. 
3839) as passed by the House.
    H.R. 14 again includes Congressman Greenwood's language. 
The Committee wants to be clear that this language does not 
create any new or amended definition of child abuse. Neither is 
it the intent of this language to address any legal prosecution 
of mothers. The goal of this language is to identify infants at 
risk of child abuse and neglect so appropriate services can be 
delivered to the infant and mother to provide for the safety of 
the child. The Committee also wants to be clear that the 
amendment does not preempt a state's law regarding what 
constitutes child abuse or requires prosecution. For instance, 
states that choose to prosecute women who have given birth to 
infants addicted to drugs or alcohol may continue to do so. The 
language included in H.R. 14 only requires states to have 
policies and procedures in place to address a plan of safe care 
for the infant.

Improved collaboration for improved prevention and treatment services

    To prevent gaps in needed services, the bill requires the 
state child welfare system to develop policies and procedures 
for the referral of abused or neglected children under the age 
of 3 to the statewide early intervention system funded under 
Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Such 
policies and procedures will ensure that abused children can 
access any Part C early intervention services and supports for 
which they are eligible. Such services will help these children 
learn, grow and thus enter school ready to learn.
    Related to this issue is the importance of health 
screenings and treatment for children who are victims of child 
abuse and neglect. Appropriate health and developmental 
evaluations and treatment can greatly influence healthy child 
development and can affect treatment and family preservation, 
such as preventing the need for out-of-home placements. H.R. 14 
takes many steps to help states address this problem and 
improve services for victims of child abuse and neglect by 
promoting linkages between child protection and health care 
(including mental health) agencies.
    H.R. 14 also promotes collaboration between the child 
protection system and the juvenile justice system as an 
important component in the prevention and treatment of child 
abuse. Research consistently demonstrates that child 
maltreatment greatly increases the risk of juvenile delinquency 
and criminal behavior. A study by the National Institute of 
Justice concluded that being abused or neglected as a child 
increased the likelihood of arrest as a juvenile by 59 percent 
and for a violent crime by 29 percent. Thus, many children 
under the care and supervision of child protection services 
will come to the attention or custody of the juvenile justice 
system. Yet social workers, judges, probation officers, 
researchers and others suggests there is little communication 
or collaboration between child protection and juvenile justice 
systems.
    Enhanced collaboration between these two systems is needed 
if children are to receive appropriate treatment for child 
abuse and neglect. Continuity in services for abused and 
neglected youth is an essential component to the treatment of 
child maltreatment, and therefore enhanced collaboration 
between representatives and procedures of the child protection 
systems and juvenile justice systems is an essential part of 
federal, state and local attempts to treat child abuse. H.R. 14 
supports better treatment services to victims of child abuse 
and neglect by encouraging research and allowing operation 
grants on effective approaches to interagency collaboration 
that improve the delivery of services and treatment.

Community-based grants for the prevention of child abuse and neglect

    H.R. 14 revises the current Community-Based Family Resource 
and Support Grants program under Title II to ensure that grant 
funds are allocated to a wide array of community-based 
organizations for the prevention of child abuse and neglect. By 
removing the references to ``network'' in several places, the 
Committee did not intend to alter state practices of funding 
networks or de-emphasize the importance networks can play in 
conducting prevention programs. The Committee also did not 
intend to de-emphasize the roll that family resource and 
support programs play or alter state practice by replacing the 
term with ``community-based programs.'' The definition of 
community-based programs and activities designed to prevent 
child abuse and neglect clearly includes Family Resource 
Centers and Family Support Centers, as are other community-
based organizations that may not have previously participated 
in this program.
    The Committee also wants to recognize the importance of 
respite care and other services as positive, cost-effective 
community-based child abuse and neglect prevention programs. As 
such, H.R. 14 amends the local program criteria to include 
respite care, home visiting and family support services as 
examples of core services that may be provided in the statewide 
network. By including these services in the list of core 
services, the Committee intends to encourage states to consider 
equally funding these optional core services. Elevating these 
services to the list of core services in no way requires 
community-based child abuse and neglect programs to fund these 
services. It only includes them as options.
    In addition, the Committee notes that concerns have been 
raised that respite care is expensive, or more expensive, than 
other community-based child abuse and neglect prevention 
programs. However, there is no evidence to support this claim 
and the Committee believes that the decision to provide respite 
care (and other core services) should be left to the lead 
entities of the state and local programs. Moreover, many 
community and faith-based respite programs rely on qualified 
trained respite volunteers, further enhancing the cost 
effectiveness of this approach. As evidence shows, respite and 
crisis care programs are effective prevention strategies 
associated with avoiding more costly out-of-home placements, 
including foster care. The Committee simply believes that state 
lead entities and local programs should make these decisions 
for themselves.

                   The Adoption Opportunities Program

    The Adoption Opportunities Program was created to help 
eliminate barriers to adoption and to facilitate the 
acquisition of permanent homes for children who would benefit 
from adoption, particularly children with special needs and 
disabled infants with life-threatening conditions. The Adoption 
Opportunities Program provides grants to public and non-profit 
agencies to: promote quality standards for adoption services, 
pre- and post-placement, and post-legal adoption counseling, 
and standards to protect children's rights. The program also 
authorizes a national adoption information exchange system and 
national recruitment efforts to reach prospective adoptive 
parents.
    H.R. 14 makes minor modifications to the Adoption 
Opportunities program and requires the Secretary to conduct a 
study on the dynamics of successful adoptions. The Committee 
recognizes the lack of research about the dynamics of 
successful adoptions and supports the need for such research in 
order to fill this gap and provide better information on 
adoption. The Committee also recognizes the opportunity to call 
attention to the need to eliminate continued geographic 
barriers to adoption. As such, H.R. 14 includes language that 
was included in last year's Senate Committee reported version 
of the bill (S. 2998) to permit the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services to make grants to promote the elimination of 
geographic barriers to adoption, such as developing and 
supporting initiatives for networking among agencies, adoption 
exchanges, and parent support groups across jurisdictional 
boundaries, and for the development of training materials and 
to train social workers on preparing and moving children across 
state lines. In addition, the bill requires HHS to study the 
nature, scope and effect of interstate placement of children in 
adoptive homes by public and private agencies and how 
interstate placements are being financed across state lines, 
and report it's findings and recommendations to the appropriate 
Committees of Congress.

The Abandoned Infants Assistance Act

    The Abandoned Infants Act provides grants to public and 
non-profit agencies that design and implement demonstration 
projects to address this problem. Specific activities include: 
preventing the abandonment of infants, identifying and 
addressing the needs of abandoned infants, recruiting and 
training foster families for abandoned children, providing 
residential care for infants and young children who cannot live 
with their families or who are awaiting placement in foster 
care, providing respite care for families and foster families, 
and recruiting and training health and social services 
personnel to work with abandoned children. Priority for 
services is given to children who were perinatally exposed to 
HIV or HIV-infected, or were perinatally exposed to dangerous 
drugs.
    As noted, the current Abandoned Infants Assistance Act 
places a priority on services for abandoned infants and young 
children born infected with or exposed to HIV or perinatally 
exposed to dangerous drugs. H.R. 14 includes language that 
broadens one of the two priorities. The bill maintains the 
program's commitment to serving infants born infected with or 
exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and then 
broadens this priority to recognize abandoned infants and young 
children born with other serious medical conditions. The act's 
other priority--abandoned infants and young children 
perinatally exposed to drugs--remains unchanged.
    The Committee fully supports the discretion of the 
Secretary to continue its priority to fund local programs that 
serve infants whose mothers are infected with HIV/AIDS or are 
addicted to illicit drugs, because at the present time drug use 
and HIV/AIDS are the leading factors resulting in infant 
abandonment. However, the Committee acknowledges that over time 
other factors may become more prevalent predictors of infant 
abandonment.

The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

    The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) 
authorizes assistance to states, Tribes and Tribal 
organizations to assist in efforts to increase public awareness 
about family violence and provide immediate shelter and related 
assistance to victims of family violence and their dependents.
    The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) was 
reauthorized along with the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) 
during the 106th Congress, however, at that time only a 
straight five year authorization was agreed to and no 
significant changes were made. Traditionally, FVPSA is 
reauthorized along with CAPTA and its related programs and 
acts. As such, H.R. 14 extends the authorization and makes 
minor modifications to FVPSA to coordinate with the 
reauthorization of CAPTA. H.R. 14 does not make changes to 
VAWA. The Committee also wants to recognize the work and 
efforts of the Domestic Violence Hotline. The Hotline is 
charged with providing a 24 hour, toll-free telephone number 
and maintaining a database of information on services available 
to victims of domestic violence, including the availability of 
temporary shelters. By extending the authorization for the 
Domestic Violence Hotline the Committee wants to ensure the 
Hotline continues to provide these essential services. In 
addition, FVPSA (as reauthorized under VAWA) authorized the 
transitional housing assistance program for only one year. The 
transitional housing assistance program awards grants to 
entities that provide transitional housing or housing 
assistance to victims and their dependents fleeing a domestic 
violence situation and for whom emergency shelter services are 
unavailable or insufficient. The Committee recognizes the 
importance of the transitional housing assistance program in 
helping domestic violence victims find permanent, safe, secure 
and stable living situations. The Committee further recognizes 
that far too often, because of programmatic and funding 
constraints, the permissible length of stay in emergency 
shelters for those fleeing a domestic violence situation does 
not always provide enough time for victims to begin the task of 
restoring order to their lives. H.R. 14 extends the 
authorization for the transitional housing assistance program 
through FY 2008.

                      SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS

    Section 1. Establishes the short title of the act to be the 
``Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003,'' and the 
table of contents.

         Title I--The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

    Section 101. Amends section 2 of the act to establish and 
update the findings.

                      SUBTITLE A--GENERAL PROGRAM

    Section 111. Amends section 103(b) of the act and section 
103 (c)(1) of such act.
    Section 112. Amends section 104(a) and section 104(b) of 
the act pertaining to research and assistance activities; and 
amends section 104 to establish demonstration programs and 
projects.
    Section 113. Amends section 105(a), (b) and (c) of the act 
pertaining to grants to public agencies or private 
organizations for demonstration programs and projects; and 
section 105 to amend the heading.
    Section 114. Amends section 106(a), (b)(1)(B), (b)(2)(A), 
(2), (b)(3), (c) and (d) of the act pertaining to grants to 
states for child abuse and neglect prevention and treatment 
programs, citizen review panels, and annual state reporting 
requirements.
    Section 115. Amends section 108 of the act to encourage 
materials and services for children and families of limited 
English proficiency to be provided in the appropriate language 
other than English.
    Section 116. Amends section 112(a)(1) and (a)(2)(B) to 
extend the authorization of appropriations and make technical 
corrections.
    Section 117. Amends section 110 of the act to require the 
Secretary to conduct a study of the effectiveness of the 
citizen review panels and submit such report to the appropriate 
Congressional committees.

    SUBTITLE B--COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCES AND SUPPORT GRANTS

    Section 121. Amends section 201(a)(1) and (b) of the act to 
clarify the purpose and authority of community-based family 
resource and support grants; and amends Title II to change the 
heading.
    Section 122. Amends section 202 of the act to make 
technical changes regarding eligibility requirements.
    Section 123. Amends section 203(b)(1)(B) of the act to make 
technical changes to the formula.
    Section 124. Repeals section 204 of the act.
    Section 125. Amends section 205 of the act to make 
technical changes pertaining to state applications.
    Section 126. Amends section 206(a) of the act to make 
technical changes regarding local program requirements.
    Section 127. Amends section 207 of the act to make 
technical changes to performance measures.
    Section 128. Amends section 208(3) of the act to make 
technical changes to the National Network for Community-Based 
Family Resource programs.
    Section 129. Amends section 209(1) and 209 (3) and (4) of 
the act pertaining to definitions.
    Section 130. Amends section 210 to extend the authorization 
of appropriations.

                   SUBTITLE C--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS

    Section 141. Provides for conforming amendments.

                    Title II--Adoption Opportunities

    Section 201. Amends section 201of such act pertaining to 
congressional findings and declaration of purpose.
    Section 202. Amends section 203 of such act regarding 
services for families adopting special needs children and 
improving placement rates of children in foster care.
    Section 203. Amends section 204 of such act to require a 
study on adoption placements.
    Section 204. Amends section 204 of such act requiring the 
Secretary to conduct research on adoption outcomes and the 
factors affecting those outcomes; and report on 
interjurisdictional adoption of foster children.
    Section 205. Amends section 205(a) of such act regarding 
the authorization of appropriations under this subtitle.

          Title III--Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988

    Section 301. Amends section 2 of such act regarding the 
findings.
    Section 302. Amends section 101 of such act to strike the 
section heading and make changes to the priority of services.
    Section 303. Amends section 102 of such act regarding 
evaluations, studies and reports by the Secretary.
    Section 304. Amends section 104 of such act regarding 
authorization of appropriations.
    Section 305. Amends section 105 of such act pertaining to 
definitions.

         Title IV--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

    Section 401. Amends section 303(a)(2)(c) and section 303(a) 
of such act pertaining to state demonstration grants.
    Section 402. Amends section 305(a) of such act pertaining 
to secretarial responsibilities.
    Section 403. Amends section 306 of such act to make 
technical changes regarding evaluations.
    Section 404. Amends section 308 of such act by striking 
subsection (g).
    Section 405. Amends section 310(a) and 311(g) of such act 
pertaining to authorization of appropriations.
    Section 406. Amends section 311 of such act by striking 
subsection (h).
    Section 407. Amends section 312 of such act pertaining to 
evaluation and monitoring activities.
    Section 408. Repeals section 313 of such act.
    Section 409. Repeals section 315 of such act.
    Section 410. Amends section 316(b) and (f) of such act 
regarding the national domestic violence hotline grant.
    Section 411. Repeals section 317 of such act.
    Section 412. Amends section 318(h) of such act to provide 
for the authorization of appropriations regarding demonstration 
grants for community initiatives and by striking subsection 
(i).
    Section 413. Amends section 319(f) of such act to extend 
the authorization of the transitional housing assistance 
program.
    Section 414. Amends sections 302(1), 303(a), 305(b)(2)(A), 
and 311(a) to make technical and conforming amendments.

                       EXPLANATION OF AMENDMENTS

    The Amendment in the Nature of a Substitute is explained in 
the body of this report.

              APPLICATION OF LAW TO THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

    Section 102(b)(3) of Public Law 104-1 requires a 
description of the application of this bill to the legislative 
branch. The purpose of H.R. 14 is to reauthorize and make 
amendments to the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act 
(CAPTA), the Adoption Opportunities program, the Abandoned 
Infants Assistance Act, and the Family Violence Prevention and 
Services Act (FVPSA). The bill does not prevent legislative 
branch employees from receiving the benefits of this 
legislation.

                       UNFUNDED MANDATE STATEMENT

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment 
Control Act (as amended by Section 101(a)(2) of the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act, P.L. 104-4) requires a statement of 
whether the provisions of the reported bill include unfunded 
mandates. H.R. 14 reauthorizes and makes amendments to the 
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), the Adoption 
Opportunities program, the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, 
and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA). As 
such, the bill does not contain any unfunded mandates.

  STATEMENT OF OVERSIGHT FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of Rule XIII and clause 
(2)(b)(1) of Rule X of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee's oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

   NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY AND CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE COST ESTIMATE

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of Rule 
XIII of the House of Representatives and section 308(a) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect to 
requirements of 3(c)(3) of Rule XIII of the House of 
Representatives and section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act 
of 1974, the Committee has received the following cost estimate 
for H.R. 14 from the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                 Washington, DC, February 24, 2003.
Hon. John A. Boehner,
Chairman, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of 
        Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 14, the Keeping 
Children and Families Safe Act of 2003.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Donna Wong.
            Sincerely,
                                       Douglas Holtz-Eakin,
                                                          Director.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 14--Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003

    Summary: Programs under the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act, the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and 
Adoption Reform Act of 1978, and the Abandoned infants 
Assistance Act of 1988 were authorized through 2001. These 
programs were continued in 2002 by the 2002 Department of 
Health and Human Services Appropriations Act and in 2003 by the 
Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003 (Public Law 108-
10). H.R. 14 would reauthorize these programs through 2008. It 
also would extend authorizations through 2008 for some programs 
authorized under the Family Violence Prevention and Services 
Act. Most programs under that act are currently authorized 
through 2005.
    The bill would authorize appropriations of $312 million in 
2004. CBO estimates that authorizations under H.R. 14 would 
total about $2.2 billion over the 2004-2008 period, assuming 
that annual levels are adjusted to keep pace with inflation 
when specific annual authorizations are not provided. (Without 
such inflation adjustments, the authorization total would be 
about $2.1 billion over the 2004-2008 period.) CBO estimates 
that appropriations of the authorized levels would result in 
additional outlays of $1.4 billion over the 2004-2008 period, 
if inflation adjustments are included. Enacting H.R. 14 would 
not affect direct spending or receipts.
    H.R. 14 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA). 
A significant portion of the funds authorized by H.R. 14 would 
be available for grants to state, local, and tribal 
governments. Any costs those governments incur to fulfill 
requirements of the grants would be conditions of assistance 
and thus voluntary.
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary impact of H.R. 14 is shown in Table 1. The costs of 
this legislation fall within budget function 500 (education, 
training, employment, and social services).

 TABLE 1.--ESTIMATED BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF H.R. 14, THE KEEPING CHILDREN
                      AND FAMILIES SAFE ACT OF 2003
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                               -----------------------------------------
                                 2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION

                     With Adjustments for Inflation

Spending Under Current Law:
    Budget Authority/             263    183    183      0      0      0
     Authorization Level \1\..
    Estimated Outlays.........    241    241    198    164     55     17
Proposed Changes
    Estimated Authorization         0    312    318    507    513    520
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0     33    165    272    442    494
Spending Under H.R. 14
    Estimated Authorization       263    495    501    507    513    520
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........    241    273    362    436    498    511

                    Without Adjustments for Inflation

Spending Under Current Law
    Budget Authority/             263    183    183      0      0      0
     Authorization Level \1\..
    Estimated Outlays.........    241    241    198    164     55     17
Proposed Changes
    Estimated Authorization         0    312    312    495    495    495
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0     33    164    269    435    480
Spending Under H.R. 14
    Estimated Authorization       263    495    495    495    495    495
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........    241    273    362    433    490    498
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The 2003 level is the amount appropriated for that year for programs
  authorized under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, the
  Child Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Adoption Reform Act of 1978,
  the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988, and the Family Violence
  Prevention and Services Act. The amounts shown for 2004 and 2005 are
  current authorization levels for certain programs under the Family
  Violence Prevention and Services Act.

Notes.--Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.


    Basis of estimate: H.R. 14 would authorize funding through 
2008 for various programs created under the Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act, the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment and Adoption Reform Act of 1978, the Abandoned 
Infants Assistance Act of 1988, and the Family Violence 
Prevention Services Act. Programs authorized under the first 
three acts would be reauthorized at specific levels for 2004 
and for such sums as may be necessary for 2005 through 2008. 
Programs authorized by the Family Violence Prevention and 
Services Act, most of which are already authorized through 
2005, would be extended at current levels through 2008.
    H.R. 14 would authorize the appropriation of $312 million 
in 2004. CBO estimates that this bill would authorize total 
funding of $2.2 billion over the 2004-2008 period assuming that 
``such sums'' amounts provided after 2004 are adjusted for 
inflation. If the authorized amounts are appropriated, outlays 
would increase by $33 million in the first year and by $1.4 
billion over the five-year period.
    Table 2 presents CBO's estimates with inflation adjustments 
for the various components of each title under H.R. 14. The 
estimated outlays reflect historical rates of spending for the 
affected programs.

           Title I--Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

    Title I of H.R. 14 would reauthorize and revise programs 
currently authorized under the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act. H.R. 14 would authorize a total of $200 million 
for 2004 for programs under title I. CBO estimates the total 
funding for title I for the 2004-2008 period would be about $1 
billion, assuming adjustments for inflation, with resulting 
outlays of $619 million over those five years.
    Child Abuse Prevention Programs. H.R. 14 would authorize 
$120 million in 2004 for both the Child Abuse and Neglect State 
Grant program and the Child Abuse Discretionary Activities 
program provides formula grants to states to improve child 
protection services. The discretionary activities program 
awards funds to agencies for innovative programs and projects. 
The two programs are funded at $56 million in 2003.

TABLE 2.--DETAILED EFFECTS OF H.R. 14, THE KEEPING CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
            SAFE ACT OF 2003, WITH ADJUSTMENTS FOR INFLATION
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                               -----------------------------------------
                                 2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION

Spending Under Current Law:
    Budget Authority/             263    183    183      0      0      0
     Authorization Level \1\..
    Estimated Outlays.........    241    241    198    164     55     17
Proposed Changes:

     Title I--Child Abuse
   Prevention and Treatment

Child Abuse Prevention State
 Grants and Discretionary
 Activities:
    Estimated Authorization         0    120    122    125    128    130
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      6     59     97    114    121
Community Based Grants:
    Estimated Authorization         0     80     82     83     85     87
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      6     19     44     73     81
Subtotal, Title I:
    Estimated Authorization         0    200    204    208    213    217
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0     12     77    142    186    202

      Title II--Adoption
         Opportunities

Adoption Opportunities:
    Estimated Authorization         0     40     41     42     43     33
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      2     28     37     39     41

 Title III--Abandoned Infants
          Assistance

Abandoned Infants Assistance:
    Estimated Authorization         0     45     46     47     48     49
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      2     33     43     46     48
Administrative Expenses for
 Abandoned Infants Assistance:
    Estimated Authorization         0      2      2      2      2      2
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      2      2      2      2      2
Subtotal, Title III:
    Estimated Authorization         0     47     48     49     50     51
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      4     36     46     49     50

   Title IV--Family Violence
    Prevention and Services

Family Violence Prevention and
 Services-Battered Women's
 Shelters: \2\
    Estimated Authorization         0      0      0    175    175    175
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      0      0     21    138    168
Domestic Violence Hotline: \2\
    Estimated Authorization         0      0      0      2      2      2
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      0      0      2      2      2
Demonstration Grants for
 Community Initiatives: \2\
    Estimated Authorization         0      0      0      6      6      6
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0      0      0      1      4      5
Transitional Housing
 Assistance:
    Estimated Authorization         0     25     25     25     25     25
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0     15     24     24     25     25
Subtotal, Title IV:
    Estimated Authorization         0     25     25    208    208    208
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0     15     24     48    169    200
Total Proposed Changes:
    Estimated Authorization         0    312    318    507    513    520
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........      0     33    165    272    442    494
Total Spending Under H.R. 14:
    Estimated Authorization       263    495    501    507    513    520
     Level....................
    Estimated Outlays.........    241    273    362    436    498    511
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The 2003 level is the amount appropriated for that year for programs
  authorized under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, the
  Child Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Adoption Reform Act of 1978,
  the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act of 1988, and the Family Violence
  Prevention and Services Act. The 2004 and 2005 amounts are current
  authorization levels for certain programs under the Family Violence
  Prevention and Services Act.
\2\ The Family Violence Prevention and Services, Domestic Violence
  Hotline, and Demonstration Grants for Community Initiatives programs
  are currently authorized until 2005. Table 2 shows only new
  authorizations. See text for a description of authorizations.

Notes.--Components may not sum to totals because of rounding.

    Community Based Grants. H.R. 14 also would authorize $80 
million in 2004 and such sums as may be necessary over the 
2005-2008 period for community-based and prevention focused 
programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse and 
neglect. The program is funded at $33 million in 2003.

                    Title II--Adoption Opportunities

    Title II would reauthorize the Adoption Opportunities 
program, currently authorized under the Child Abuse Prevention 
and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act of 1978.
    The bill would authorize $40 million in 2004 and such sums 
as may be necessary over the 2005-2008 period for the program. 
The Adoption Opportunities program provides funds to 
organizations for programs that eliminate barriers to adoption 
and help provide permanent homes for children, particularly 
children with special needs. These activities are funded at $27 
million in 2003.

                Title III--Abandoned Infants Assistance

    Title III would reauthorize the Abandoned Infants 
Assistance program, currently authorized under the Abandoned 
Infants Assistance Act of 1988.
    The bill would authorize $45 million in 2004 and such sums 
as may be necessary for the next four fiscal years for the 
program. The Abandoned Infants Assistance program provides 
funds to organizations for programs that prevent abandonment of 
infants with HIV/AIDS, assist abandoned infants, and recruit 
and train foster parents and health and social services 
professionals. The bill also would authorize about $2 million 
in each fiscal year for administrative expenses. The program is 
funded at $12 million in 2003.

         Title IV--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act

    Title IV would authorize $25 million in 2004 and $674 
million over the 2004-2008 period for four family violence 
prevention programs that are currently authorized under the 
Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. The Family 
Violence Prevention and Services Act already authorizes most of 
these appropriations through 2005, and this bill would extend 
the authorizations through 2008.
    Family Violence Prevention and Services/Battered Women's 
Shelters. The bill would extend the authorization of the Family 
Violence Prevention and Services/Battered Women's Shelter 
program from 2005 through 2008. The program provides grants to 
states to provide shelter and assistance for victims, and 
preventive services for perpetrators of domestic violence. The 
current authorization is $175 million annually through 2005. 
The program is funded at $126 million in 2003.
    Domestic Violence Hotline. H.R. 14 would authorize $2 
million in each of the years 2006 through 2008 for the National 
Domestic Violence hotline. The hotline is a national toll-free 
telephone hotline that provides information and assistance to 
victims of domestic violence throughout the United States. The 
program is currently authorized at $2 million annually through 
2005 by the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. The 
program received $2.6 million in 2003.
    Demonstration Grants for Community Initiatives. The bill 
would extend the authorization for grants for community 
initiatives through 2008. The program awards grants to 
organizations to coordinate domestic violence intervention and 
prevention programs in local communities. The program is 
currently authorized at $6 million annually through 2005 and is 
funded at $6 million in 2003.
    Transitional Housing Assistance. H.R. 14 would authorize 
$25 million in each of the fiscal years 2004 through 2008 for 
housing assistance for victims of domestic violence. The 
program was authorized at $25 million for 2001, but the program 
has never been funded.
    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: H.R. 14 
contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as 
defined in UMRA. The bill would authorize the appropriation of 
$312 million in grants in 2004 ($2.2 billion over the 2004-2008 
period), and a significant portion of those funds would be 
available to state, local, and tribal governments. Any costs 
those governments incur to fulfill requirements of the grants 
would be conditions of assistance and thus voluntary.
    Previous CBO estimate: On February 24, 2003, CBO 
transmitted a cost estimate for S. 342, the Keeping Children 
and Families Safe Act of 2003, as ordered reported by the 
Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on 
February 12, 2003. The two bills would authorize similar 
amounts of funding.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal costs: Donna Wong, impact on 
State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Greg Waring, impact on 
the private sector: Kate Bloniarz.
    Estimate approved by: Peter H. Fontaine, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    In accordance with clause (3)(c) of House Rule XIII, the 
goal of H.R. 14 is to authorize federal assistance helping to 
prevent child abuse and family violence and protecting and 
treating abused and neglected children and victims of family 
violence. The bill also focuses on maintaining local projects 
with demonstrated value in eliminating barriers to permanent 
adoption and addressing the circumstances that often lead to 
child abandonment. The Committee expects the Department of 
Health and Humans Services to comply with H.R. 14 and implement 
the changes to the law in accordance with the changes.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Under clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the Committee must include a statement 
citing the specific powers granted to Congress in the 
Constitution to enact the law proposed by H.R. 14. The 
Committee believes that the amendments made by this bill, which 
authorize appropriations for the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (CAPTA), the Adoption Opportunities program, the 
Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, and the Family Violence 
Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA), are within Congress' 
authority under Article I, section 8, clause 1 of the 
Constitution.

                           Committee Estimate

    Clauses 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires an estimate and a comparison by the 
Committee of the costs that would be incurred in carrying out 
H.R. 14. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) of that rule provides that 
this requirement does not apply when the Committee has included 
in its report a timely submitted cost estimate of the bill 
prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act.

         CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW MADE BY THE BILL, AS REPORTED

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ACT


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Child Abuse 
Prevention and Treatment Act''.
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents is as follows:

                            TABLE OF CONTENTS

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings.

                        TITLE I--GENERAL PROGRAM

Sec. 101. Office on Child Abuse and Neglect.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 105. Grants to public agencies and nonprofit private organizations 
          for demonstration programs and projects.]
Sec. 105. Grants to States and public or private agencies and 
          organizations.
     * * * * * * *

     [TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE AND SUPPORT GRANTS]

 TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED GRANTS FOR THE PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE AND 
                                 NEGLECT

Sec. 201. Purpose and authority.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 204. Existing grants.]
     * * * * * * *

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

  Congress finds that--
          (1) each year, [close to 1,000,000] approximately 
        900,000 American children are victims of abuse and 
        neglect;
          (2)(A) more children suffer neglect than any other 
        form of maltreatment; and
          (B) investigations have determined that approximately 
        63 percent of children who were victims of maltreatment 
        in 2000 suffered neglect, 19 percent suffered physical 
        abuse, 10 percent suffered sexual abuse, and 8 percent 
        suffered emotional maltreatment;
          (3)(A) child abuse can result in the death of a 
        child;
          (B) in 2000, an estimated 1,200 children were counted 
        by child protection services to have died as a result 
        of abuse or neglect; and
          (C) children younger than 1 year old comprised 44 
        percent of child abuse fatalities and 85 percent of 
        child abuse fatalities were younger than 6 years of 
        age;
          [(2) many of these children and their families fail 
        to receive adequate protection or treatment;]
          (4)(A) many of these children and their families fail 
        to receive adequate protection and treatment;
          (B) slightly less than half of these children (45 
        percent in 2000) and their families fail to receive 
        adequate protection or treatment; and
          (C) in fact, approximately 80 percent of all children 
        removed from their homes and placed in foster care in 
        2000, as a result of an investigation or assessment 
        conducted by the child protective services agency, 
        received no services;
          [(3)] (5) the problem of child abuse and neglect 
        requires a comprehensive approach that--
                  (A) integrates the work of social service, 
                legal, health, mental health, education, and 
                substance abuse agencies and [organizations] 
                community-based organizations;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (D) [ensures properly trained and support 
                staff with specialized knowledge,] recognizes 
                the need for properly trained staff with the 
                qualifications needed to carry out their child 
                protection duties; and
                  (E) is sensitive to ethnic and cultural 
                diversity, which may impact child rearing 
                patterns, while at the same time, not allowing 
                those differences to enable abuse;
          [(4)] (6) the failure to coordinate and 
        comprehensively prevent and treat child abuse and 
        neglect threatens the futures of thousands of children 
        and results in a cost to the Nation of billions of 
        dollars in tangible expenditures, as well as 
        significant intangible costs;
          [(5)] (7) all elements of American society have a 
        shared responsibility in responding to [this national 
        child and family emergency] child abuse and neglect;
          [(6)] (8) substantial reductions in the prevalence 
        and incidence of child abuse and neglect and the 
        alleviation of its consequences are matters of the 
        highest national priority;
          [(7)] (9) national policy should strengthen families 
        to prevent child abuse and neglect, provide support for 
        [intensive] needed services to prevent the unnecessary 
        removal of children from families, and promote the 
        reunification of families [if removal has taken place] 
        where appropriate;
          [(8)] (10) the child protection system should be 
        comprehensive, child-centered, family-focused, and 
        community-based, should incorporate all appropriate 
        measures to prevent the occurrence or recurrence of 
        child abuse and neglect, and should promote physical 
        and psychological recovery and social re-integration in 
        an environment that fosters the health, safety, self-
        respect, and dignity of the child;
          [(9)] (11) because of the limited resources available 
        in low-income communities, Federal aid for the child 
        protection system should be distributed with due regard 
        to the relative financial need of the communities;
          [(10)] (12) the Federal government should assist 
        States and communities with the fiscal, human, and 
        technical resources necessary to develop and implement 
        a successful and comprehensive child and family 
        protection strategy;
          [(11)] (13) the Federal government should provide 
        leadership and assist communities in their child and 
        family protection efforts by--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE I--GENERAL PROGRAM

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 103. NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE FOR INFORMATION RELATING TO CHILD 
                    ABUSE.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Functions.--The Secretary shall, through the 
clearinghouse established by subsection (a)--
          (1) maintain, coordinate, and disseminate information 
        on [all programs, including private programs, that show 
        promise of success with respect to the prevention, 
        assessment, identification, and treatment of child 
        abuse and neglect; and] all effective programs, 
        including private and community-based programs, that 
        show promise of success with respect to the prevention, 
        assessment, identification, and treatment of child 
        abuse and neglect and hold the potential for broad 
        scale implementation and replication;
          (2) maintain information about the best practices 
        used for achieving improvements in child protective 
        systems;
          [(2)] (3) maintain and disseminate information 
        relating to--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (C) the incidence of any such cases related 
                to alcohol or drug abuse[.];
          (4) provide technical assistance upon request that 
        may include an evaluation or identification of--
                  (A) various methods and procedures for the 
                investigation, assessment, and prosecution of 
                child physical and sexual abuse cases;
                  (B) ways to mitigate psychological trauma to 
                the child victim; and
                  (C) effective programs carried out by the 
                States under this Act; and
          (5) collect and disseminate information relating to 
        various training resources available at the State and 
        local level to--
                  (A) individuals who are engaged, or who 
                intend to engage, in the prevention, 
                identification, and treatment of child abuse 
                and neglect; and
                  (B) appropriate State and local officials to 
                assist in training law enforcement, legal, 
                judicial, medical, mental health, education, 
                and child welfare personnel.
  (c) Coordination With Available Resources.--
          (1) In general.--In establishing a national 
        clearinghouse as required by subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (E) compile, analyze, and publish a summary 
                of the research conducted under section 
                [105(a); and] 104(a);
                  (F) collect and disseminate information that 
                describes best practices being used throughout 
                the Nation for making appropriate referrals 
                related to, and addressing, the physical, 
                developmental, and mental health needs of 
                abused and neglected children; and
                  [(F)] (G) solicit public comment on the 
                components of such clearinghouse.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 104. RESEARCH AND ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES.

  (a) Research.--
          (1) Topics.--The Secretary shall, in consultation 
        with other Federal agencies and recognized experts in 
        the field, carry out a continuing interdisciplinary 
        program of research, including longitudinal research, 
        that is designed to provide information needed to 
        better protect children from abuse or neglect and to 
        improve the well-being of abused or neglected children, 
        with at least a portion of such research being field 
        initiated. Such research program may focus on--
                  (A) the nature and scope of child abuse and 
                neglect;
                  (B) causes, prevention, assessment, 
                identification, treatment, cultural and socio-
                economic distinctions, and the consequences of 
                child abuse and neglect, including the effects 
                of abuse and neglect on a child's development 
                and the identification of successful early 
                intervention services or other services that 
                are needed;
                  (C) appropriate, effective and culturally 
                sensitive investigative, administrative, and 
                [judicial procedures] judicial systems, 
                including multidisciplinary, coordinated 
                decisionmaking procedures with respect to cases 
                of child abuse; [and]
                  (D) the evaluation and dissemination of best 
                practices consistent with the goals of 
                achieving improvements in the child protective 
                services systems of the States in accordance 
                with paragraphs (1) through (12) of section 
                106(a);
                  (E) effective approaches to interagency 
                collaboration between the child protection 
                system and the juvenile justice system that 
                improve the delivery of services and treatment, 
                including methods for continuity of treatment 
                plan and services as children transition 
                between systems;
                  (F) an evaluation of the redundancies and 
                gaps in the services in the field of child 
                abuse and neglect prevention in order to make 
                better use of resources;
                  (G) the nature, scope, and practice of 
                voluntary relinquishment for foster care or 
                State guardianship of low income children who 
                need health services, including mental health 
                services;
                  (H) the information on the national incidence 
                of child abuse and neglect specified in clauses 
                (i) through (x) of subparagraph (I); and
                  [(D)] (I) the national incidence of child 
                abuse and neglect, including--
                          (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          (viii) the incidence and prevalence 
                        of physical, sexual, and emotional 
                        abuse and physical and emotional 
                        neglect in substitute care; [and]
                          (ix) the incidence and prevalence of 
                        child maltreatment by a wide array of 
                        demographic characteristics such as 
                        age, sex, race, family structure, 
                        household relationship (including the 
                        living arrangement of the resident 
                        parent and family size), school 
                        enrollment and education attainment, 
                        disability, grandparents as caregivers, 
                        labor force status, work status in 
                        previous year, and income in previous 
                        year; and
                          [(ix)] (x) the incidence and outcomes 
                        of abuse allegations reported within 
                        the context of divorce, custody, or 
                        other family court proceedings, and the 
                        interaction between this venue and the 
                        child protective services system.
          (2) Research.--The Secretary shall conduct research 
        on the national incidence of child abuse and neglect, 
        including the information on the national incidence on 
        child abuse and neglect specified in clauses (i) 
        through (x) of paragraph (1)(I).
          (3) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
        the enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe 
        Act of 2003, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to 
        the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor and Pensions of the Senate a report 
        that contains the results of the research conducted 
        under paragraph (2).
          [(2)] (4) Priorities.--(A) The Secretary shall 
        establish research priorities for making grants or 
        contracts for purposes of carrying out paragraph (1).
          [(B) In establishing research priorities as required 
        by subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall--
                  [(i) publish proposed priorities in the 
                Federal Register for public comment; and
                  [(ii) allow not less than 60 days for public 
                comment on such proposed priorities.]
          (B) Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act 
        of 2003, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall provide an opportunity for public comment 
        concerning the priorities proposed under subparagraph 
        (A) and maintain an official record of such public 
        comment.
  (b) Provision of Technical Assistance.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide 
        technical assistance to State and local public and 
        [nonprofit private agencies and] private agencies and 
        community-based organizations, including disability 
        organizations and persons who work with children with 
        disabilities, to assist such agencies and organizations 
        in planning, improving, developing, and carrying out 
        programs and activities, including replicating 
        successful program models, relating to the prevention, 
        assessment, identification, and treatment of child 
        abuse and neglect.
          (2) Evaluation.--Such technical assistance may 
        include an evaluation or identification of--
                  (A) * * *
                  (B) ways to mitigate psychological trauma to 
                the child victim; [and]
                  (C) effective programs carried out by the 
                States under titles I and II[.]; and
                  (D) effective approaches being utilized to 
                link child protective service agencies with 
                health care, mental health care, and 
                developmental services to improve forensic 
                diagnosis and health evaluations, and barriers 
                and shortages to such linkages.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (e) Demonstration Programs and Projects.--The Secretary may 
award grants to, and enter into contracts with, States or 
public or private agencies or organizations (or combinations of 
such agencies or organizations) for time-limited, demonstration 
projects for the following:
          (1) Promotion of safe, family-friendly physical 
        environments for visitation and exchange.--The 
        Secretary may award grants under this subsection to 
        entities to assist such entities in establishing and 
        operating safe, family-friendly physical environments--
                  (A) for court-ordered, supervised visitation 
                between children and abusing parents; and
                  (B) to safely facilitate the exchange of 
                children for visits with noncustodial parents 
                in cases of domestic violence.
          (2) Education identification, prevention, and 
        treatment.--The Secretary may award grants under this 
        subsection to entities for projects that provide 
        educational identification, prevention, and treatment 
        services in cooperation with preschool and elementary 
        and secondary schools.
          (3) Risk and safety assessment tools.--The Secretary 
        may award grants under this subsection to entities for 
        projects that provide for the development of research-
        based risk and safety assessment tools relating to 
        child abuse and neglect.
          (4) Training.--The Secretary may award grants under 
        this subsection to entities for projects that involve 
        research-based innovative training for mandated child 
        abuse and neglect reporters.

[SEC. 105. GRANTS TO PUBLIC AGENCIES AND NONPROFIT PRIVATE 
                    ORGANIZATIONS FOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS AND 
                    PROJECTS.]

SEC. 105. GRANTS TO STATES AND PUBLIC OR PRIVATE AGENCIES AND 
                    ORGANIZATIONS.

  (a) [Demonstration] Grants for Programs and Projects.--The 
Secretary may make grants to, and enter into contracts with, 
States, public agencies or private [nonprofit] agencies or 
organizations (or combinations of such agencies or 
organizations) for [time limited, demonstration] programs and 
projects for the following purposes:
          (1) Training programs.--The Secretary may award 
        grants to public or private nonprofit organizations 
        under this section--
                  (A) for the training of professional and 
                paraprofessional personnel in the fields of 
                medicine, [law, education, social work, and 
                other relevant fields] law enforcement, 
                judiciary, social work and child protection, 
                education, and other relevant fields, or 
                individuals such as court appointed special 
                advocates (CASAs) and guardian ad litem, who 
                are engaged in, or intend to work in, the field 
                of prevention, identification, and treatment of 
                child abuse and neglect, including the links 
                between domestic violence and child abuse;
                  (B) to improve the recruitment, selection, 
                and training of volunteers serving in public 
                and private [nonprofit children, youth and 
                family service organizations in order to 
                prevent child abuse and neglect through 
                collaborative analysis of current recruitment, 
                selection, and training programs and 
                development of model programs for dissemination 
                and replication nationally; and] children, 
                youth and family service organizations in order 
                to prevent child abuse and neglect;
                  (C) for the establishment of resource centers 
                for the purpose of providing information and 
                training to professionals working in the field 
                of child abuse and neglect[.];
                  (D) for training to support the enhancement 
                of linkages between child protective service 
                agencies and health care agencies, including 
                physical and mental health services, to improve 
                forensic diagnosis and health evaluations and 
                for innovative partnerships between child 
                protective service agencies and health care 
                agencies that offer creative approaches to 
                using existing Federal, State, local, and 
                private funding to meet the health evaluation 
                needs of children who have been subjects of 
                substantiated cases of child abuse or neglect;
                  (E) for the training of personnel in best 
                practices to promote collaboration with the 
                families from the initial time of contact 
                during the investigation through treatment;
                  (F) for the training of personnel regarding 
                the legal duties of such personnel and their 
                responsibilities to protect the legal rights of 
                children and families;
                  (G) for improving the training of supervisory 
                and nonsupervisory child welfare workers;
                  (H) for enabling State child welfare agencies 
                to coordinate the provision of services with 
                State and local health care agencies, alcohol 
                and drug abuse prevention and treatment 
                agencies, mental health agencies, and other 
                public and private welfare agencies to promote 
                child safety, permanence, and family stability;
                  (I) for cross training for child protective 
                service workers in research-based methods for 
                recognizing situations of substance abuse, 
                domestic violence, and neglect; and
                  (J) for developing, implementing, or 
                operating information and education programs or 
                training programs designed to improve the 
                provision of services to disabled infants with 
                life-threatening conditions for--
                          (i) professionals and 
                        paraprofessional personnel concerned 
                        with the welfare of disabled infants 
                        with life-threatening conditions, 
                        including personnel employed in child 
                        protective services programs and health 
                        care facilities; and
                          (ii) the parents of such infants.
          (2) Triage procedures.--The Secretary may award 
        grants under this subsection to public and private 
        agencies that demonstrate innovation in responding to 
        reports of child abuse and neglect, including programs 
        of collaborative partnerships between the State child 
        protective services agency, community social service 
        agencies and family support programs, law enforcement 
        agencies, developmental disability agencies, substance 
        abuse treatment entities, health care entities, 
        domestic violence prevention entities, mental health 
        service entities, schools, churches and synagogues, and 
        other community agencies, to allow for the 
        establishment of a triage system that--
                  (A) accepts, screens, and assesses reports 
                received to determine which such reports 
                require an intensive intervention and which 
                require voluntary referral to another agency, 
                program, or project;
                  (B) provides, either directly or through 
                referral, a variety of community-linked 
                services to assist families in preventing child 
                abuse and neglect; and
                  (C) provides further investigation and 
                intensive intervention where the child's safety 
                is in jeopardy.
          [(2)] (3) Mutual support programs.--The Secretary may 
        award grants to private nonprofit organizations [(such 
        as Parents Anonymous)] to establish or maintain a 
        national network of mutual support and self-help 
        programs as a means of strengthening families in 
        partnership with their communities.
          [(3) Other innovative programs and projects.--
                  [(A) In general.--The Secretary may award 
                grants to public and private nonprofit agencies 
                that demonstrate innovation in responding to 
                reports of child abuse and neglect including 
                programs of collaborative partnerships between 
                the State child protective services agency, 
                community social service agencies and family 
                support programs, schools, churches and 
                synagogues, and other community agencies to 
                allow for the establishment of a triage system 
                that--
                          [(i) accepts, screens and assesses 
                        reports received to determine which 
                        such reports require an intensive 
                        intervention and which require 
                        voluntary referral to another agency, 
                        program or project;
                          [(ii) provides, either directly or 
                        through referral, a variety of 
                        community-linked services to assist 
                        families in preventing child abuse and 
                        neglect; and
                          [(iii) provides further investigation 
                        and intensive intervention where the 
                        child's safety is in jeopardy.]
                  [(B) Kinship care.--]
          (4) Kinship care.--The Secretary may award grants to 
        public and private [nonprofit] entities in not more 
        than 10 States to assist such entities in developing or 
        implementing procedures using adult relatives as the 
        preferred placement for children removed from their 
        home, where such relatives are determined to be capable 
        of providing a safe nurturing environment for the child 
        and where such relatives comply with the State child 
        protection standards.
                  [(C) Promotion of safe, family-friendly 
                physical environments for visitation and 
                exchange.--The Secretary may award grants to 
                entities to assist such entities in 
                establishing and operating safe, family-
                friendly physical environments--
                          [(i) for court-ordered supervised 
                        visitation between children and abusing 
                        parents; and
                          [(ii) to safely facilitate the 
                        exchange of children for visits with 
                        noncustodian parents in cases of 
                        domestic violence.]
          (5) Linkages between child protective service 
        agencies and public health, mental health, and 
        developmental disabilities agencies.--The Secretary may 
        award grants to entities that provide linkages between 
        State or local child protective service agencies and 
        public health, mental health, and developmental 
        disabilities agencies, for the purpose of establishing 
        linkages that are designed to help assure that a 
        greater number of substantiated victims of child 
        maltreatment have their physical health, mental health, 
        and developmental needs appropriately diagnosed and 
        treated.
  (b) Discretionary Grants.--In addition to grants or contracts 
made under subsection (b), grants or contracts under this 
section may be used for the following:
          [(1) Projects which provide educational 
        identification, prevention, and treatment services in 
        cooperation with preschool and elementary and secondary 
        schools.]
          [(2)] (1) Respite and crisis nursery programs 
        provided by community-based organizations under the 
        direction and supervision of hospitals.
          [(3)] (2) Respite and crisis nursery programs 
        provided by community-based organizations.
          (3) Programs based within children's hospitals or 
        other pediatric and adolescent care facilities, that 
        provide model approaches for improving medical 
        diagnosis of child abuse and neglect and for health 
        evaluations of children for whom a report of 
        maltreatment has been substantiated.
          (4)(A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (D) For purposes of this paragraph, a qualified 
        grantee is a [nonprofit] acute care hospital that--
                  (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (c) Evaluation.--In making grants for [demonstration] 
projects under this section, the Secretary shall require all 
such projects to be evaluated for their effectiveness. Funding 
for such evaluations shall be provided either as a stated 
percentage of a demonstration grant or as a separate grant or 
contract entered into by the Secretary for the purpose of 
evaluating a particular demonstration project or group of 
projects. In the case of an evaluation performed by the 
recipient of a grant, the Secretary shall make available 
technical assistance for the evaluation, where needed, 
including the use of a rigorous application of scientific 
evaluation techniques.

SEC. 106. GRANTS TO STATES FOR CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND 
                    TREATMENT PROGRAMS.

  (a)  Development and Operation Grants.--The Secretary shall 
make grants to the States, based on the population of children 
under the age of 18 in each State that applies for a grant 
under this section, for purposes of assisting the States in 
improving the child protective services system of each such 
State in--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) case management, including ongoing case 
        monitoring, and delivery of services and treatment 
        provided to children and their families;
          (4) enhancing the general child protective system by 
        [improving risk and safety assessment tools and 
        protocols, automation systems that support the program 
        and track reports of child abuse and neglect from 
        intake through final disposition and information 
        referral systems] developing, improving, and 
        implementing risk and safety assessment tools and 
        protocols;
          (5) developing and updating systems of technology 
        that support the program and track reports of child 
        abuse and neglect from intake through final disposition 
        and allow interstate and intrastate information 
        exchange;
          [(5)] (6) developing, strengthening, and facilitating 
        training [opportunities and requirements for 
        individuals overseeing and providing services to 
        children and their families through the child 
        protection system] including training regarding 
        research-based practices to promote collaboration with 
        the families and the legal duties of such individuals;
          (7) improving the skills, qualifications, and 
        availability of individuals providing services to 
        children and families, and the supervisors of such 
        individuals, through the child protection system, 
        including improvements in the recruitment and retention 
        of caseworkers;
          [(6)] (8) developing and facilitating training 
        protocols for individuals mandated to report child 
        abuse or neglect;
          [(7) developing, strengthening, and supporting child 
        abuse and neglect prevention, treatment, and research 
        programs in the public and private sectors;]
          [(8) developing, implementing, or operating--
                  [(A) information and education programs or 
                training programs designed to improve the 
                provision of services to disabled infants with 
                life-threatening conditions for--
                          [(i) professional and 
                        paraprofessional personnel concerned 
                        with the welfare of disabled infants 
                        with life-threatening conditions, 
                        including personnel employed in child 
                        protective services programs and 
                        health-care facilities; and
                          [(ii) the parents of such infants; 
                        and
                  [(B) programs to assist in obtaining or 
                coordinating necessary services for families of 
                disabled infants with life-threatening 
                conditions, including--
                          [(i) existing social and health 
                        services;
                          [(ii) financial assistance; and
                          [(iii) services necessary to 
                        facilitate adoptive placement of any 
                        such infants who have been relinquished 
                        for adoption; or]
          (9) developing and facilitating research-based 
        training protocols for individuals mandated to report 
        child abuse or neglect;
          (10) developing, implementing, or operating programs 
        to assist in obtaining or coordinating necessary 
        services for families of disabled infants with life-
        threatening conditions, including--
                  (A) existing social and health services;
                  (B) financial assistance; and
                  (C) services necessary to facilitate adoptive 
                placement of any such infants who have been 
                relinquished for adoption;
          (11) developing and delivering information to improve 
        public education relating to the role and 
        responsibilities of the child protection system and the 
        nature and basis for reporting suspected incidents of 
        child abuse and neglect;
          [(9)] (12) developing and enhancing the capacity of 
        community-based programs to integrate shared leadership 
        strategies between parents and professionals to prevent 
        and treat child abuse and neglect at the neighborhood 
        level[.];
          (13) supporting and enhancing interagency 
        collaboration between the child protection system and 
        the juvenile justice system for improved delivery of 
        services and treatment, including methods for 
        continuity of treatment plan and services as children 
        transition between systems; or
          (14) supporting and enhancing collaboration among 
        public health agencies, the child protection system, 
        and private community-based programs to provide child 
        abuse and neglect prevention and treatment services 
        (including linkages with education systems) and to 
        address the health needs, including mental health 
        needs, of children identified as abused or neglected, 
        including supporting prompt, comprehensive health and 
        developmental evaluations for children who are the 
        subject of substantiated child maltreatment reports.
  (b) Eligibility Requirements.--
          (1) State plan.--
                  (A) * * *
                  (B) Additional requirement.--After the 
                submission of the initial grant application 
                under subparagraph (A), the State shall 
                [provide notice to the Secretary of any 
                substantive changes] provide notice to the 
                Secretary--
                          (i) of any substantive changes to any 
                        State law relating to the prevention of 
                        child abuse and neglect that may affect 
                        the eligibility of the State under this 
                        section[.]; and
                          (ii) any significant changes to how 
                        funds provided under this section are 
                        used to support the activities which 
                        may differ from the activities as 
                        described in the current State 
                        application.
          (2) Coordination.--A State plan submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        be coordinated with the State plan under part B of 
        title IV of the Social Security Act relating to child 
        welfare services and family preservation and family 
        support services, and shall contain an outline of the 
        activities that the State intends to carry out using 
        amounts received under the grant to achieve the 
        purposes of this title, including--
                  (A) an assurance in the form of a 
                certification by the chief executive officer of 
                the State that the State has in effect and is 
                enforcing a State law, or has in effect and is 
                operating a Statewide program, relating to 
                child abuse and neglect that includes--
                          (i) provisions or procedures for the 
                        reporting of known and suspected 
                        instances of child abuse and neglect;
                          (ii) policies and procedures to 
                        address the needs of infants born and 
                        identified with fetal alcohol effects, 
                        fetal alcohol syndrome, neonatal 
                        intoxication or withdrawal syndrome, or 
                        neonatal physical or neurological harm 
                        resulting from prenatal drug exposure, 
                        including--
                                  (I) the requirement that 
                                health care providers involved 
                                in the delivery or care of such 
                                infants notify the child 
                                protective services system of 
                                the occurrence of such 
                                condition in such infants, 
                                except that such notification 
                                shall not be construed to 
                                create a definition under 
                                Federal law of what constitutes 
                                child abuse and such 
                                notification shall not be 
                                construed to require 
                                prosecution for any illegal 
                                action; and
                                  (II) the development of a 
                                safe plan of care for the 
                                infant under which 
                                consideration may be given to 
                                providing the mother with 
                                health services (including 
                                mental health services), social 
                                services, parenting services, 
                                and substance abuse prevention 
                                and treatment counseling and to 
                                providing the infant with 
                                referral to the statewide early 
                                intervention program funded 
                                under part C of the Individuals 
                                with Disabilities Education Act 
                                for an evaluation for the need 
                                for services provided under 
                                part C of such Act;
                          [(ii)] (iii) procedures for the 
                        immediate screening, risk and safety 
                        assessment, and prompt investigation of 
                        such reports;
                          (iv) triage procedures for the 
                        appropriate referral of a child not at 
                        risk of imminent harm to a community 
                        organization or voluntary preventive 
                        service;
                          [(iii)] (v) procedures for immediate 
                        steps to be taken to ensure and protect 
                        the safety of the abused or neglected 
                        child and of any other child under the 
                        same care who may also be in danger of 
                        abuse or neglect and ensuring their 
                        placement in a safe environment;
                          [(iv)] (vi) provisions for immunity 
                        from prosecution under State and local 
                        laws and regulations for individuals 
                        making good faith reports of suspected 
                        or known instances of child abuse or 
                        neglect;
                          [(v)] (vii) methods to preserve the 
                        confidentiality of all records in order 
                        to protect the rights of the child and 
                        of the child's parents or guardians, 
                        including requirements ensuring that 
                        reports and records made and maintained 
                        pursuant to the purposes of this Act 
                        shall only be made available to--
                                  (I) individuals who are the 
                                subject of the report;
                                  (II) Federal, State, or local 
                                government entities, or any 
                                agent of such entities[, having 
                                a need for such information in 
                                order to carry out its 
                                responsibilities under law to 
                                protect children from abuse and 
                                neglect], as described in 
                                clause (viii);

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          (viii) provisions to require a State 
                        to disclose confidential information to 
                        any Federal, State, or local government 
                        entity, or any agent of such entity, 
                        that has a need for such information in 
                        order to carry out its responsibilities 
                        under law to protect children from 
                        abuse and neglect;
                          [(vi)] (ix) provisions which allow 
                        for public disclosure of the findings 
                        or information about the case of child 
                        abuse or neglect which has resulted in 
                        a child fatality or near fatality;
                          [(vii)] (x) the cooperation of State 
                        law enforcement officials, court of 
                        competent jurisdiction, and appropriate 
                        State agencies providing human services 
                        in the investigation, assessment, 
                        prosecution, and treatment of child 
                        abuse or neglect;
                          [(viii)] (xi) provisions requiring, 
                        and procedures in place that facilitate 
                        the prompt expungement of any records 
                        that are accessible to the general 
                        public or are used for purposes of 
                        employment or other background checks 
                        in cases determined to be 
                        unsubstantiated or false, except that 
                        nothing in this section shall prevent 
                        State child protective services 
                        agencies from keeping information on 
                        unsubstantiated reports in their 
                        casework files to assist in future risk 
                        and safety assessment;
                          [(ix)] (xii) provisions and 
                        procedures requiring that in every case 
                        involving an abused or neglected child 
                        which results in a judicial proceeding, 
                        a guardian ad litem, who has received 
                        training appropriate to the role, and 
                        who may be an attorney or a court 
                        appointed special advocate who has 
                        received training appropriate to that 
                        role (or both), shall be appointed to 
                        represent the child in such 
                        proceedings--
                                  (I) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          [(x)] (xiii) the establishment of 
                        citizen review panels in accordance 
                        with subsection (c);
                          [(xi)] (xiv) provisions, procedures, 
                        and mechanisms [to be effective not 
                        later than 2 years after the date of 
                        the enactment of this section]--
                                  (I) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          [(xii)] (xv) provisions, procedures, 
                        and mechanisms [to be effective not 
                        later than 2 years after the date of 
                        the enactment of this section] that 
                        assure that the State does not require 
                        reunification of a surviving child with 
                        a parent who has been found by a court 
                        of competent jurisdiction--
                                  (I) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                                  (IV) to have committed a 
                                felony assault that results in 
                                the serious bodily injury to 
                                the surviving child or another 
                                child of such parent; [and]
                          [(xiii)] (xvi) an assurance that, 
                        upon the implementation by the State of 
                        the provisions, procedures, and 
                        mechanisms under clause [(xii)] (xv), 
                        conviction of any one of the felonies 
                        listed in clause [(xii)] (xv) 
                        constitute grounds under State law for 
                        the termination of parental rights of 
                        the convicted parent as to the 
                        surviving children (although case-by-
                        case determinations of whether or not 
                        to seek termination of parental rights 
                        shall be within the sole discretion of 
                        the State);
                          (xvii) provisions and procedures to 
                        require that a representative of the 
                        child protective services agency shall, 
                        at the initial time of contact with the 
                        individual subject to a child abuse and 
                        neglect investigation, advise the 
                        individual of the complaints or 
                        allegations made against the 
                        individual, in a manner that is 
                        consistent with laws protecting the 
                        rights of the informant;
                          (xviii) provisions addressing the 
                        training of representatives of the 
                        child protective services system 
                        regarding the legal duties of the 
                        representatives, which may consist of 
                        various methods of informing such 
                        representatives of such duties, in 
                        order to protect the legal rights and 
                        safety of children and families from 
                        the initial time of contact during 
                        investigation through treatment;
                          (xix) provisions and procedures for 
                        improving the training, retention, and 
                        supervision of caseworkers;
                          (xx) provisions and procedures for 
                        referral of a child under the age of 3 
                        who is involved in a substantiated case 
                        of child abuse or neglect to the 
                        statewide early intervention program 
                        funded under part C of the Individuals 
                        with Disabilities Education Act for an 
                        evaluation for the need of services 
                        provided under part C of such Act; and
                          (xxi) not later than 2 years after 
                        the date of enactment of the Keeping 
                        Children and Families Safe Act of 2003, 
                        provisions and procedures for requiring 
                        criminal background record checks for 
                        prospective foster and adoptive parents 
                        and other adult relatives and non-
                        relatives residing in the household;
        Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall be construed to limit 
        the State's flexibility to determine State policies 
        relating to public access to court proceedings to 
        determine child abuse and neglect except that such 
        policies shall, at a minimum, ensure the safety and 
        well-being of the child, parents, and family.
          (3) Limitation.--[With regard to clauses (v) and (vi) 
        of paragraph (2)(A)] With regard to clauses (vi) and 
        (vii) of paragraph (2)(A), nothing in this section 
        shall be construed as restricting the ability of a 
        State to refuse to disclose identifying information 
        concerning the individual initiating a report or 
        complaint alleging suspected instances of child abuse 
        or neglect, except that the State may not refuse such a 
        disclosure where a court orders such disclosure after 
        such court has reviewed, in camera, the record of the 
        State related to the report or complaint and has found 
        it has reason to believe that the reporter knowingly 
        made a false report.
  (c) Citizen Review Panels.--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (4) Functions.--
                  (A) In general.--Each panel established 
                pursuant to paragraph (1) shall, by examining 
                the policies [and procedures], procedures, and 
                practices of State and local agencies and where 
                appropriate, specific cases, evaluate the 
                extent to which [the agencies] State and local 
                child protection system agencies are 
                effectively discharging their child protection 
                responsibilities in accordance with--
                          (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          (iii) any other criteria that the 
                        panel considers important to ensure the 
                        protection of children, including--
                                  (I) a review of the extent to 
                                which the State and local child 
                                protective services system is 
                                coordinated with the foster 
                                care and adoption programs 
                                established under part E of 
                                title IV of the Social Security 
                                Act; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (C) Public outreach.--Each panel shall 
                provide for public outreach and comment in 
                order to assess the impact of current 
                procedures and practices upon children and 
                families in the community and in order to meet 
                its obligations under subparagraph (A).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (6) Reports.--Each panel established under paragraph 
        (1) shall prepare and make available to the State and 
        the public, on an annual basis, a report containing a 
        summary of the activities of the panel and 
        recommendations to improve the child protection 
        services system at the State and local levels. Not 
        later than 6 months after the date on which a report is 
        submitted by the panel to the State, the appropriate 
        State agency shall submit a written response to the 
        State and local child protection systems that describes 
        whether or how the State will incorporate the 
        recommendations of such panel (where appropriate) to 
        make measurable progress in improving the State and 
        local child protective system.
  (d) Annual State Data Reports.--Each State to which a grant 
is made under this section shall annually work with the 
Secretary to provide, to the maximum extent practicable, a 
report that includes the following:
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (13) The annual report containing the summary of the 
        activities of the citizen review panels of the State 
        required by subsection (c)(6).
          (14) The number of children under the care of the 
        State child protection system who are transferred into 
        the custody of the State juvenile justice system.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 108. MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ASSISTANCE.

  (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary should encourage all States and public and private 
agencies or organizations that receive assistance under this 
title to ensure that children and families with limited English 
proficiency who participate in programs under this title are 
provided materials and services under such programs in an 
appropriate language other than English.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 110. REPORTS.

  (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (c) Study and Report Relating to Citizen Review Panels.--
          (1) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study by 
        random sample of the effectiveness of the citizen 
        review panels established under section 106(c).
          (2) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
        enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act 
        of 2003, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Education and the Workforce of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
        Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report that 
        contains the results of the study conducted under 
        paragraph (1).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 112. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--
          [(1) General authorization.--There are authorized to 
        be appropriated to carry out this title, $100,000,000 
        for fiscal year 1997, and such sums as may be necessary 
        for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2001.]
          (1) General authorization.--There are authorized to 
        be appropriated to carry out this title $120,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2004 and such sums as may be necessary 
        for each of the fiscal years 2005 through 2008.
          (2) Discretionary activities.--
                  (A) * * *
                  (B) Demonstration projects.--Of the amounts 
                made available for a fiscal year under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall make 
                available not more than 40 percent of such 
                amounts to carry out section [106] 104.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


     [TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE AND SUPPORT GRANTS]

TITLE II--COMMUNITY-BASED GRANTS FOR THE PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE AND 
                                NEGLECT

SEC. 201. PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY.

  (a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this title--
          [(1) to support State efforts to develop, operate, 
        expand and enhance a network of community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs that coordinate resources among existing 
        education, vocational rehabilitation, disability, 
        respite care, health, mental health, job readiness, 
        self-sufficiency, child and family development, 
        community action, Head Start, child care, child abuse 
        and neglect prevention, juvenile justice, domestic 
        violence prevention and intervention, housing, and 
        other human service organizations within the State; 
        and]
          (1) to support community-based efforts to develop, 
        operate, expand, enhance, and, where appropriate to 
        network, initiatives aimed at the prevention of child 
        abuse and neglect, and to support networks of 
        coordinated resources and activities to better 
        strengthen and support families to reduce the 
        likelihood of child abuse and neglect; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (b) Authority.--The Secretary shall make grants under this 
title on a formula basis to the entity designated by the State 
as the lead entity (hereafter referred to in this title as the 
``lead entity'') under section 202(1) for the purpose of--
          (1) developing, operating, expanding and enhancing 
        [Statewide networks of community-based, prevention-
        focused, family resource and support programs that--] 
        community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect 
        (through networks where appropriate) that are 
        accessible, effective, culturally appropriate, and 
        build upon existing strengths that--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (F) support the additional needs of families 
                with children with disabilities through respite 
                care and other services; [and]
                  [(G) decrease the risk of homelessness;]
                  (G) demonstrate a commitment to meaningful 
                parent leadership, including among parents of 
                children with disabilities, parents with 
                disabilities, racial and ethnic minorities, and 
                members of other underrepresented or 
                underserved groups; and
                  (H) provide referrals to early health and 
                developmental services;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (4) maximizing funding through leveraging of funds 
        for the financing, planning, community mobilization, 
        collaboration, assessment, information and referral, 
        startup, training and technical assistance, information 
        management, reporting and evaluation costs for 
        establishing, operating, or expanding [a Statewide 
        network of community-based, prevention-focused, family 
        resource and support program] community-based and 
        prevention-focused, programs and activities designed to 
        prevent child abuse and neglect (through networks where 
        appropriate); and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 202. ELIGIBILITY.

  A State shall be eligible for a grant under this title for a 
fiscal year if--
          (1)(A) the chief executive officer of the State has 
        designated a lead entity to administer funds under this 
        title for the purposes identified under the authority 
        of this title, including to develop, implement, 
        operate, enhance or expand [a Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs, child abuse and neglect 
        prevention activities and access to respite care 
        services integrated with the Statewide network;] 
        community-based and prevention-focused, programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect 
        (through networks where appropriate);
          (B) such lead entity is an existing public, quasi-
        public, or nonprofit private entity (which may be an 
        entity that has not been established pursuant to State 
        legislation, executive order, or any other written 
        authority of the State) that exists to strengthen and 
        support families to prevent child abuse and neglect 
        with a demonstrated ability to work with other State 
        and community-based agencies to provide training and 
        technical assistance, and that has the capacity and 
        commitment to ensure the meaningful involvement of 
        parents who are consumers and who can provide 
        leadership in the planning, implementation, and 
        evaluation of programs and policy decisions of the 
        applicant agency in accomplishing the desired outcomes 
        for such efforts;
          (2) the chief executive officer of the State provides 
        assurances that the lead entity will provide or will be 
        responsible for providing--
                  (A) [a network of community-based family 
                resource and support programs] community-based 
                and prevention-focused programs and activities 
                designed to prevent child abuse and neglect 
                (through networks where appropriate) composed 
                of local, collaborative, public-private 
                partnerships directed by interdisciplinary 
                structures with balanced representation from 
                private and public sector members, parents, and 
                public and private nonprofit service providers 
                and individuals and organizations experienced 
                in working in partnership with families with 
                children with disabilities;
                  (B) direction [to the network] through an 
                interdisciplinary, collaborative, public-
                private structure with balanced representation 
                from private and public sector members, 
                parents, and public sector and private 
                nonprofit sector service providers, and parents 
                with disabilities; and
                  (C) direction and oversight [to the network] 
                through identified goals and objectives, clear 
                lines of communication and accountability, the 
                provision of leveraged or combined funding from 
                Federal, State and private sources, centralized 
                assessment and planning activities, the 
                provision of training and technical assistance, 
                and reporting and evaluation functions; and
          (3) the chief executive officer of the State provides 
        assurances that the lead entity--
                  (A) has a demonstrated commitment to parental 
                participation in the development, operation, 
                and oversight of the [Statewide network of 
                community-based, prevention-focused, family 
                resource and support programs] community-based 
                and prevention-focused programs and activities 
                to prevent child abuse and neglect (through 
                networks where appropriate);
                  (B) has a demonstrated ability to work with 
                State and community-based public and private 
                nonprofit organizations to develop a continuum 
                of preventive, family centered, comprehensive 
                services for children and families through the 
                [Statewide network of community-based, 
                prevention-focused, family resource and support 
                programs] community-based and prevention-
                focused programs and activities to prevent 
                child abuse and neglect (through networks where 
                appropriate);
                  (C) has the capacity to provide operational 
                support (both financial and programmatic) [and 
                training and technical assistance, to the 
                Statewide network of community-based, 
                prevention-focused, family resource and support 
                programs] training, technical assistance, and 
                evaluation assistance, to community-based and 
                prevention-focused programs and activities to 
                prevent child abuse and neglect (through 
                networks where appropriate), through 
                innovative, interagency funding and 
                interdisciplinary service delivery mechanisms; 
                and
                  (D) will integrate its efforts with 
                individuals and organizations experienced in 
                working in partnership with families with 
                children with disabilities, parents with 
                disabilities, and with the child abuse and 
                neglect prevention activities of the State, and 
                demonstrate a financial commitment to those 
                activities.

SEC. 203. AMOUNT OF GRANT.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Remaining Amounts.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall allot the amount 
        appropriated under section 210 for a fiscal year and 
        remaining after the reservation under subsection (a) 
        among the States as follows:
                  (A) * * *
                  (B) 30 percent of such amount appropriated 
                shall be allotted among the States by allotting 
                to each State an amount that bears the same 
                proportion to such amount appropriated [as the 
                amount leveraged by the State from private, 
                State, or other non-Federal sources and 
                directed through the] as the amount of private, 
                State or other non-Federal funds leveraged and 
                directed through the currently designated State 
                lead agency in the preceding fiscal year bears 
                to the aggregate of the amounts leveraged by 
                all States from private, State, or other non-
                Federal sources and directed through the 
                current lead agency of such States in the 
                preceding fiscal year.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 204. EXISTING GRANTS.

  [(a) In General.--Notwithstanding the enactment of the Child 
Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments of 1996, a State 
or entity that has a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement 
in effect, on the date of the enactment of such Act under any 
program described in subsection (b), shall continue to receive 
funds under such program, subject to the original terms under 
which such funds were provided under the grant, through the end 
of the applicable grant cycle.
  [(b) Programs Described.--The programs described in this 
subsection are the following:
          [(1) The Community-Based Family Resource programs 
        under section 201 of this Act, as such section was in 
        effect on the day before the date of the enactment of 
        the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments 
        of 1996.
          [(2) The Family Support Center programs under 
        subtitle F of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney 
        Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11481 et seq.), as 
        such title was in effect on the day before the date of 
        the enactment of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
        Treatment Act Amendments of 1996.
          [(3) The Emergency Child Abuse Prevention Services 
        grant program under section 107A of this Act, as such 
        section was in effect on the day before the date of the 
        enactment of the Human Services Amendments of 1994.
          [(4) Programs under the Temporary Child Care for 
        Children With Disabilities and Crisis Nurseries Act of 
        1986.]

SEC. 205. APPLICATION.

  A grant may not be made to a State under this title unless an 
application therefor is submitted by the State to the Secretary 
and such application contains the types of information 
specified by the Secretary as essential to carrying out the 
provisions of section 202, including--
          (1) a description of the lead entity that will be 
        responsible for the administration of funds provided 
        under this title and the oversight of programs funded 
        through the [Statewide network of community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs] community-based and prevention-focused 
        programs and activities to prevent child abuse and 
        neglect (through networks where appropriate) which 
        meets the requirements of section 202;
          (2) a description of how the [network of community-
        based, prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs] community-based and prevention-focused 
        programs and activities to prevent child abuse and 
        neglect (through networks where appropriate) will 
        operate and how family resource and support services 
        provided by public and private, nonprofit 
        organizations[, including those funded by programs 
        consolidated under this Act,] will be integrated into a 
        developing continuum of family centered, holistic, 
        preventive services for children and families;
          [(3) an assurance that an inventory of current family 
        resource programs, respite care, child abuse and 
        neglect prevention activities, and other family 
        resource services operating in the State, and a 
        description of current unmet needs, will be provided;]
          (3) a description of the inventory of current unmet 
        needs and current community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect, and other family resource services 
        operating in the State;
          (4) a budget for the development, operation and 
        expansion of the [State's network of community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs] community-based and prevention-focused 
        programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect that verifies that the State will expend in 
        non-Federal funds an amount equal to not less than 20 
        percent of the amount received under this title (in 
        cash, not in-kind) for activities under this title;
          (5) an assurance that funds received under this title 
        will supplement, not supplant, other State and local 
        public funds designated for the [Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs] start up, maintenance, expansion, 
        and redesign of community-based and prevention-focused 
        programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (7) a description of the criteria that the entity 
        will use to develop, or select and fund, [individual 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs] community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities designed to prevent 
        child abuse and neglect as part of network development, 
        expansion or enhancement;
          (8) a description of outreach activities that the 
        entity and the [community-based, prevention-focused, 
        family resource and support programs] community-based 
        and prevention-focused programs and activities designed 
        to prevent child abuse and neglect will undertake to 
        maximize the participation of racial and ethnic 
        minorities, children and adults with disabilities, 
        homeless families and those at risk of homelessness, 
        and members of other underserved or underrepresented 
        groups;
          (9) a plan for providing operational support, 
        training and technical assistance to [community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support 
        programs] community-based and prevention-focused 
        programs and activities designed to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect for development, operation, expansion and 
        enhancement activities;
          (10) a description of how the applicant entity's 
        activities and those of the network and its members 
        (where appropriate) will be evaluated;
          (11) a description of the actions that the applicant 
        entity will take to advocate systemic changes in State 
        policies, practices, procedures and regulations to 
        improve the delivery of [prevention-focused, family 
        resource and support program] community-based and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities designed to 
        prevent child abuse and neglect services to children 
        and families; and
          [(13)] (12) an assurance that the applicant entity 
        will provide the Secretary with reports at such time 
        and containing such information as the Secretary may 
        require.

SEC. 206. LOCAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) In General.--Grants made under this title shall be used 
to develop, implement, operate, expand and enhance community-
based, [prevention-focused, family resource and support 
programs] and prevention-focused programs and activities 
designed to prevent child abuse and neglect that--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) provide--
                  (A) core [family resource and support 
                services] family support services for the 
                prevention of child abuse and neglect such as--
                          (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          (iii) community and social service 
                        referrals; [and]
                          (iv) follow-up services;
                          (v) respite care;
                          (vi) home visiting; and
                          (vii) family support services;
                  (B) other core services, which must be 
                provided or arranged for through contracts or 
                agreements with other local agencies, including 
                voluntary home visiting and all forms of 
                respite care services to the extent 
                practicable; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          [(6) participate with other community-based, 
        prevention-focused, family resource and support program 
        grantees in the development, operation and expansion of 
        the Statewide network.]
          (6) participate with other community-based and 
        prevention-focused programs and activities to prevent 
        child abuse and neglect in the development, operation 
        and expansion of networks where appropriate.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 207. PERFORMANCE MEASURES.

  A State receiving a grant under this title, through reports 
provided to the Secretary--
          (1) shall demonstrate the effective development, 
        operation and expansion of [a Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs] community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities to prevent child abuse 
        and neglect that meets the requirements of this title;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          [(3) shall demonstrate the establishment of new 
        respite care and other specific new family resources 
        services, and the expansion of existing services, to 
        address unmet needs identified by the inventory and 
        description of current services required under section 
        205(3);]
          (3) shall demonstrate that they will have addressed 
        unmet needs identified by the inventory and description 
        of current services required under section 205(3);
          (4) shall describe the number of families served, 
        including families with children with disabilities, and 
        parents with disabilities, and the involvement of a 
        diverse representation of families in the design, 
        operation, and [evaluation of the Statewide network of 
        community-based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs, and in the design, operation and 
        evaluation of the individual community-based family 
        resource and support programs that are part of the 
        Statewide network funded under this title] evaluation 
        of community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities to prevent child abuse and neglect, and in 
        the design, operation and evaluation of the networks of 
        such community-based and prevention-focused programs;
          (5) shall demonstrate a high level of satisfaction 
        among families who have used the services of the 
        community-based[, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs] and prevention-focused programs 
        and activities designed to prevent child abuse and 
        neglect;
          (6) shall demonstrate the establishment or 
        maintenance of innovative funding mechanisms, at the 
        State or community level, that blend Federal, State, 
        local and private funds, and innovative, 
        interdisciplinary service delivery mechanisms, for the 
        development, operation, expansion and enhancement of 
        the [Statewide network of community-based, prevention-
        focused, family resource and support programs] 
        community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (8) shall demonstrate an implementation plan to 
        ensure the continued leadership of parents in the on-
        going planning, implementation, and evaluation of such 
        [community based, prevention-focused, family resource 
        and support programs] community-based and prevention-
        focused programs and activities designed to prevent 
        child abuse and neglect.

SEC. 208. NATIONAL NETWORK FOR COMMUNITY-BASED FAMILY RESOURCE 
                    PROGRAMS.

  The Secretary may allocate such sums as may be necessary from 
the amount provided under the State allotment to support the 
activities of the lead entity in the State--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) to fund a yearly symposium on State system change 
        efforts that result from the operation of the 
        [Statewide networks of community-based, prevention-
        focused, family resource and support programs] 
        community-based and prevention-focused programs and 
        activities designed to prevent child abuse and neglect;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 209. DEFINITIONS.

      For purposes of this title:
          (1) Children with disabilities.--The term ``children 
        with disabilities'' has the same meaning [given such 
        term in section 602(a)(2)] given the term ``child with 
        a disability'' in section 602(3) or ``infant or toddler 
        with a disability'' in section 632(5) of the 
        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          [(3) Family resource and support program.--The term 
        ``family resource and support program'' means a 
        community-based, prevention-focused entity that--
                  [(A) provides, through direct service, the 
                core services required under this title, 
                including--
                          [(i) parent education, support and 
                        leadership services, together with 
                        services characterized by relationships 
                        between parents and professionals that 
                        are based on equality and respect, and 
                        designed to assist parents in acquiring 
                        parenting skills, learning about child 
                        development, and responding 
                        appropriately to the behavior of their 
                        children;
                          [(ii) services to facilitate the 
                        ability of parents to serve as 
                        resources to one another (such as 
                        through mutual support and parent self-
                        help groups);
                          [(iii) outreach services provided 
                        through voluntary home visits and other 
                        methods to assist parents in becoming 
                        aware of and able to participate in 
                        family resources and support program 
                        activities;
                          [(iv) community and social services 
                        to assist families in obtaining 
                        community resources; and
                          [(v) follow-up services;
                  [(B) provides, or arranges for the provision 
                of, other core services through contracts or 
                agreements with other local agencies, including 
                all forms of respite care services; and
                  [(C) provides access to optional services, 
                directly or by contract, purchase of service, 
                or interagency agreement, including--
                          [(i) child care, early childhood 
                        development and early intervention 
                        services;
                          [(ii) referral to self-sufficiency 
                        and life management skills training;
                          [(iii) referral to education 
                        services, such as scholastic tutoring, 
                        literacy training, and General 
                        Educational Degree services;
                          [(iv) referral to services providing 
                        job readiness skills;
                          [(v) child abuse and neglect 
                        prevention activities;
                          [(vi) referral to services that 
                        families with children with 
                        disabilities or special needs may 
                        require;
                          [(vii) community and social service 
                        referral, including early developmental 
                        screening of children;
                          [(viii) peer counseling;
                          [(ix) referral for substance abuse 
                        counseling and treatment; and
                          [(x) help line services.
          [(4) Outreach services.--The term ``outreach 
        services'' means services provided to assist consumers, 
        through voluntary home visits or other methods, in 
        accessing and participating in family resource and 
        support program activities.]
          (3) Community-based and prevention-focused programs 
        and activities to prevent child abuse and neglect.--The 
        term ``community-based and prevention-focused programs 
        and activities to prevent child abuse and neglect'' 
        includes organizations such as family resource 
        programs, family support programs, voluntary home 
        visiting programs, respite care programs, parenting 
        education, mutual support programs, and other community 
        programs that provide activities that are designed to 
        prevent or respond to child abuse and neglect.
          [(5)] (4) Respite care services.--The term ``respite 
        care services'' means short term care services provided 
        in the temporary absence of the regular caregiver 
        (parent, other relative, foster parent, adoptive 
        parent, or guardian) to children who--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 210. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  [There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
title, $66,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2001.]

SEC. 210. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
title $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2004 and such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the fiscal years 2005 through 2008.
                              ----------                              


CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT AND ADOPTION REFORM ACT OF 1978

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                    TITLE II--ADOPTION OPPORTUNITIES

SEC. 201. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF PURPOSE.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
          [(1) the number of children in substitute care 
        increased by nearly 61 percent between 1986 and 1994, 
        as our Nation's foster care population included more 
        than 452,000 as of June 1994;
          [(2) increasingly children entering foster care have 
        complex problems which require intensive services;
          [(3) an increasing number of infants are born to 
        mothers who did not receive prenatal care, are born 
        addicted to alcohol and other drugs, and exposed to 
        infection with the etiologic agent for the human 
        immunodeficiency virus, are medically fragile, and 
        technology dependent;
          [(4) the welfare of thousands of children in 
        institutions and foster homes and disabled infants with 
        life-threatening conditions may be in serious jeopardy 
        and some such children are in need of placement in 
        permanent, adoptive homes;]
          (1) the number of children in substitute care has 
        increased by nearly 24 percent since 1994, as our 
        Nation's foster care population included more than 
        565,000 as of September of 2001;
          (2) children entering foster care have complex 
        problems that require intensive services, with many 
        such children having special needs because they are 
        born to mothers who did not receive prenatal care, are 
        born with life threatening conditions or disabilities, 
        are born addicted to alcohol or other drugs, or have 
        been exposed to infection with the etiologic agent for 
        the human immunodeficiency virus;
          (3) each year, thousands of children are in need of 
        placement in permanent, adoptive homes;
          [(5)] (4) many thousands of children remain in 
        institutions or foster homes solely because of legal 
        and other barriers to their placement in permanent, 
        adoptive homes;
          [(6) the majority of such children are of school age, 
        members of sibling groups or disabled;]
          [(7)(A) currently, 40,000 children are free for 
        adoption and awaiting placement;]
          (5)(A) currently, there are 131,000 children waiting 
        for adoption;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          [(8)] (6) adoption may be the best alternative for 
        assuring the healthy development of such children;
          [(9)] (7) there are qualified persons seeking to 
        adopt such children who are unable to do so because of 
        barriers to their placement; and
          [(10)] (8) in order both to enhance the stability and 
        love of the child's home environment and to avoid 
        wasteful expenditures of public funds, such children 
        should not have medically indicated treatment withheld 
        from them nor be maintained in foster care or 
        institutions when adoption is appropriate and families 
        can be found for such children.
  (b) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this title to facilitate 
the elimination of barriers, including geographic barriers, to 
adoption and to provide permanent and loving home environments 
for children who would benefit from adoption, particularly 
children with special needs, including disabled infants with 
life-threatening conditions, by providing a mechanism to--
          (1) * * *
          (2) maintain [a national] an Internet-based national 
        adoption information exchange system to bring together 
        children who would benefit from adoption and qualified 
        prospective adoptive parents who are seeking such 
        children, and conduct national recruitment efforts in 
        order to reach prospective parents for children 
        awaiting adoption; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                       [INFORMATION AND SERVICES

  [Sec. 203. (a) The Secretary]

SEC. 203. INFORMATION AND SERVICES.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish in the 
Department of Health and Human Services an appropriate 
administrative arrangement to provide a centralized focus for 
planning and coordinating of all departmental activities 
affecting adoption and foster care and for carrying out the 
provisions of this title. The Secretary shall make available 
such consultant services, on-site technical assistance and 
personnel, together with appropriate administrative expenses, 
including salaries and travel costs, as are necessary for 
carrying out such purposes, including services to facilitate 
the adoption of children with special needs and particularly of 
disabled infants with life-threatening conditions and services 
to couples considering adoption of children with special needs.
  (b) Required Activities.--In connection with carrying out the 
provisions of this title, the Secretary shall--
          (1) conduct (directly or by grant to or contract with 
        public or private [nonprofit] agencies or 
        organizations) an education and training program on 
        adoption, and prepare, publish, and disseminate 
        (directly or by grant to or contract with public or 
        private [nonprofit] agencies and organizations) to all 
        interested parties, public and private agencies and 
        organizations (including, but not limited to, 
        hospitals, health care and family planning clinics, and 
        social services agencies), and governmental bodies, 
        information and education and training materials 
        regarding adoption and adoption assistance programs;
          (2) conduct, directly or by grant or contract with 
        public or private [nonprofit] organizations, ongoing, 
        extensive recruitment efforts on a national level, 
        develop national public awareness efforts to unite 
        children in need of adoption with appropriate adoptive 
        parents, and establish a coordinated referral system of 
        recruited families with appropriate State or regional 
        adoption resources to ensure that families are served 
        in a timely fashion;
          (3) notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        provide (directly or by grant to or contract with 
        public or private [nonprofit] agencies or 
        organizations) for (A) the operation of a national 
        adoption information exchange system (including only 
        such information as is necessary to facilitate the 
        adoptive placement of children, utilizing computers and 
        data processing methods to assist in the location of 
        children who would benefit by adoption and in the 
        placement in adoptive homes of children awaiting 
        adoption); and (B) the coordination of such system with 
        similar State and regional systems;
          (4) provide (directly or by grant to or contract with 
        public or private [nonprofit] agencies or 
        organizations, including adoptive family groups and 
        minority groups) for the provision of technical 
        assistance in the planning, improving, developing, and 
        carrying out of programs and activities relating to 
        adoption, and to promote professional leadership 
        training of minorities in the adoption field;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (6) [study the nature, scope, and effects of] support 
        the placement of children in kinship care arrangements, 
        pre-adoptive, or adoptive homes;
          (7) study the efficacy of States contracting with 
        public or private [nonprofit] agencies (including 
        community-based and other organizations), or sectarian 
        institutions for the recruitment of potential adoptive 
        and foster families and to provide assistance in the 
        placement of children for adoption;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (9) maintain (directly or by grant to or contract 
        with public or private [nonprofit] agencies or 
        organizations) a National Resource Center for Special 
        Needs Adoption to--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (C) facilitate the development of 
                interdisciplinary approaches to meet the needs 
                of children who are waiting for adoption and 
                the needs of adoptive families; [and]
          (10) provide (directly or by grant to or contract 
        with States, local government entities, public or 
        private [nonprofit] licensed child welfare or adoption 
        agencies or adoptive family groups and community-based 
        organizations with experience in working with minority 
        populations) for the provision of programs aimed at 
        increasing the number of minority children (who are in 
        foster care and have the goal of adoption) placed in 
        adoptive families, with a special emphasis on 
        recruitment of minority families--
                  (A) which may include such activities as--
                          (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                          (vi) training of personnel of--
                                  (I) public agencies;
                                  (II) private [nonprofit] 
                                child welfare and adoption 
                                agencies that are licensed by 
                                the State; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (B) shall be subject to the condition that 
                such grants or contracts may be renewed if 
                documentation is provided to the Secretary 
                demonstrating that appropriate and sufficient 
                placements of such children have occurred 
                during the previous funding period[.]; and
          (11) provide (directly or by grant to or contract 
        with States, local government entities, or public or 
        private licensed child welfare or adoption agencies) 
        for the implementation of programs that are intended to 
        increase the number of older children (who are in 
        foster care and with the goal of adoption) placed in 
        adoptive families, with a special emphasis on child-
        specific recruitment strategies, including--
                  (A) outreach, public education, or media 
                campaigns to inform the public of the needs and 
                numbers of older youth available for adoption;
                  (B) training of personnel in the special 
                needs of older youth and the successful 
                strategies of child-focused, child-specific 
                recruitment efforts; and
                  (C) recruitment of prospective families for 
                such children.
  [(c)(1) The Secretary]
  (c) Services for Families Adopting Special Needs Children.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide 
        (directly or by grant to or contract with States, local 
        government entities, public or private [nonprofit] 
        licensed child welfare or adoption agencies or adoptive 
        family groups) for the provision of post legal adoption 
        services for families who have adopted special needs 
        children.
  [(2) Services]
          (2) Services.--Services provided under grants made 
        under this subsection shall supplement, not supplant, 
        services from any other funds available for the same 
        general purposes, including--
                  (A) individual counseling;
                  (B) group counseling;
                  (C) family counseling;
                  (D) case management;
                  (E) training public agency adoption 
                personnel, personnel of private, [nonprofit] 
                child welfare and adoption agencies licensed by 
                the State to provide adoption services, mental 
                health services professionals, and other 
                support personnel to provide services under 
                this subsection;
                  (F) assistance to adoptive parent 
                organizations; [and]
                  (G) assistance to support groups for adoptive 
                parents, adopted children, and siblings of 
                adopted children[.];
                  (H) day treatment; and
                  (I) respite care.
  [(d)(1) The Secretary]
  (d) Improving Placement Rate of Children in Foster Care.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants for 
        improving State efforts to increase the placement of 
        foster care children legally free for adoption, 
        according to a pre-established plan and goals for 
        improvement. Grants funded by this section must include 
        a strong evaluation component which outlines the 
        innovations used to improve the placement of special 
        needs children who are legally free for adoption, and 
        the successes and failures of the initiative. The 
        evaluations will be submitted to the Secretary who will 
        compile the results of projects funded by this section 
        and submit a report to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress. The emphasis of this program must focus on 
        the improvement of the placement rate--not the 
        aggregate number of special needs children placed in 
        permanent homes. The Secretary, when reviewing grant 
        applications shall give priority to grantees who 
        propose improvements designed to continue in the 
        absence of Federal funds.
  [(2)(A) Each State]
          (2) Applications; technical and other assistance.--
                  (A) Applications.--Each State entering into 
                an agreement under this subsection shall submit 
                an application to the Secretary that describes 
                the manner in which the State will use funds 
                during the 3 fiscal years subsequent to the 
                date of the application to accomplish the 
                purposes of this section. Such application 
                shall be in a form and manner determined to be 
                appropriate by the Secretary. Each application 
                shall include verification of the placements 
                described in paragraph (1).
  [(B) The Secretary]
                  (B) Technical and other assistance.--The 
                Secretary shall provide, directly or by grant 
                to or contract with public or private 
                [nonprofit] agencies or organizations--
                          (i) technical assistance and resource 
                        and referral information to assist 
                        State or local governments with 
                        termination of parental rights issues, 
                        in recruiting and retaining adoptive 
                        families, in the successful placement 
                        of children with special needs, and in 
                        the provision of pre- and post-
                        placement services, including post-
                        legal adoption services; and
                          (ii) other assistance to help State 
                        and local governments replicate 
                        successful adoption-related projects 
                        from other areas in the United States.
  [(3)(A) Payments]
          (3) Payments.--
                  (A) In general.--Payments under this 
                subsection shall begin during fiscal year 1989. 
                Payments under this section during any fiscal 
                year shall not exceed $1,000,000. No payment 
                may be made under this subsection unless an 
                amount in excess of $5,000,000 is appropriated 
                for such fiscal year under section 205(a).
  [(B) Any payment]
                  (B) Reversion of unused funds.--Any payment 
                made to a State under this subsection which is 
                not used by such State for the purpose provided 
                in paragraph (1) during the fiscal year payment 
                is made shall revert to the Secretary on 
                October 1st of the next fiscal year and shall 
                be used to carry out the purposes of this Act.
  (e) Elimination of Barriers to Adoptions Across 
Jurisdictional Boundaries.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall award grants to, 
        or enter into contracts with, States, local government 
        entities, public or private child welfare or adoption 
        agencies, adoption exchanges, or adoption family groups 
        to carry out initiatives to improve efforts to 
        eliminate barriers to placing children for adoption 
        across jurisdictional boundaries.
          (2) Services to supplement not supplant.--Services 
        provided under grants made under this subsection shall 
        supplement, not supplant, services provided using any 
        other funds made available for the same general 
        purposes including--
                  (A) developing a uniform homestudy standard 
                and protocol for acceptance of homestudies 
                between States and jurisdictions;
                  (B) developing models of financing cross-
                jurisdictional placements;
                  (C) expanding the capacity of all adoption 
                exchanges to serve increasing numbers of 
                children;
                  (D) developing training materials and 
                training social workers on preparing and moving 
                children across State lines; and
                  (E) developing and supporting initiative 
                models for networking among agencies, adoption 
                exchanges, and parent support groups across 
                jurisdictional boundaries.

                STUDY OF UNLICENSED ADOPTION PLACEMENTS

  Sec. 204. [The] (a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide 
for a study (the results of which shall be reported to the 
appropriate committees of the Congress not later than eighteen 
months after the date of enactment [of this Act] of the Keeping 
Children and Families Safe Act of 2003) designed [to determine 
the nature] to determine--
          (1) the nature, scope, and effects of the interstate 
        (and, to the extent feasible, intrastate) placement of 
        children in adoptive homes (not including the homes of 
        stepparents or relatives of the child in question) by 
        persons or agencies [which are not licensed by or 
        subject to regulation by any governmental entity];
          (2) how interstate placements are being financed 
        across State lines;
          (3) recommendations on best practice models for both 
        interstate and intrastate adoptions; and
          (4) how State policies in defining special needs 
        children differentiate or group similar categories of 
        children.
  (b) Dynamics of Successful Adoption.--The Secretary shall 
conduct research (directly or by grant to, or contract with, 
public or private nonprofit research agencies or organizations) 
about adoption outcomes and the factors affecting those 
outcomes. The Secretary shall submit a report containing the 
results of such research to the appropriate committees of the 
Congress not later than the date that is 36 months after the 
date of the enactment of the Keeping Children and Families Safe 
Act of 2003.
  (c) Interjurisdictional Adoption.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of the enactment of the Keeping Children and 
Families Safe Act of 2003, the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Comptroller General, shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of the Congress a report that contains 
recommendations for an action plan to facilitate the 
interjurisdictional adoption of foster children.

                    AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

  Sec. 205. [(a) There are authorized to be appropriated, 
$20,000,000 for fiscal year 1997, and such sums as may be 
necessary for each of the fiscal years 1998 through 2001 to 
carry out programs and activities authorized.] (a) There are 
authorized to be appropriated $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2004 
and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2005 through 
2008 to carry out programs and activities authorized under this 
subtitle.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


ABANDONED INFANTS ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1988

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

  The Congress finds that--
          [(1) throughout the Nation, the number of infants and 
        young children who have been exposed to drugs taken by 
        their mothers during pregnancy has increased 
        dramatically;]
          [(2)] (1) studies indicate that a number of factors 
        contribute to the inability of some parents [who abuse 
        drugs] to provide adequate care for [such] their 
        infants and young children and a lack of suitable 
        shelter homes for such infants and young children have 
        led to the abandonment of such infants and young 
        children in hospitals for extended periods;
          [(3)] (2) an unacceptable number of these infants and 
        young children will be medically cleared for discharge, 
        yet remain in hospitals as boarder babies;
          [(4)] (3) hospital-based child care for these infants 
        and young children is extremely costly and deprives 
        them of an adequate nurturing environment;
          [(5) training is inadequate for foster care personnel 
        working with medically fragile infants and young 
        children and infants and young children exposed to 
        drugs;]
          (4) appropriate training is needed for personnel 
        working with infants and young children with life-
        threatening conditions and other special needs, 
        including those who are infected with the human 
        immunodeficiency virus (commonly known as ``HIV''), 
        those who have acquired immune deficiency syndrome 
        (commonly know as ``AIDS''), and those who have been 
        exposed to dangerous drugs;
          [(6) a particularly devastating development is the 
        increase in the number of infants and young children 
        who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus 
        (which is believed to cause acquired immune deficiency 
        syndrome and which is commonly known as HIV) or who 
        have been perinatally exposed to the virus or to a 
        dangerous drug;
          [(7) many such infants and young children have at 
        least one parent who is an intravenous drug abuser;]
          [(8)] (5) such infants and young children are 
        particularly difficult to place in foster homes, and 
        are being abandoned in hospitals in increasing numbers 
        by mothers dying of acquired immune deficiency 
        syndrome, by parents abusing drugs, or by parents 
        incapable of providing adequate care;
          [(9)] (6) there is a need for [comprehensive services 
        for such infants and young children, including foster 
        family care services, case management services, family 
        support services, respite and crisis intervention 
        services, counseling services, and group residential 
        home services;] comprehensive support services for such 
        infants and young children and their families and 
        services to prevent the abandonment of such infants and 
        young children, including foster care services, case 
        management services, family support services, respite 
        and crisis intervention services, counseling services, 
        and group residential home services;
          [(10)] (7) there is a need to support the families of 
        such infants and young children through the provision 
        of services that will prevent the abandonment of the 
        infants and children; and
          [(11) there is a need for the development of funding 
        strategies that coordinate and make the optimal use of 
        all private resources, and Federal, State, and local 
        resources, to establish and maintain such services.]
          (8) Private, Federal, State, and local resources 
        should be coordinated to establish and maintain such 
        services and to ensure the optimal use of all such 
        resources.

 TITLE I--PROJECTS REGARDING ABANDONMENT OF INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN 
                              IN HOSPITALS

[SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM OF DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.]

SEC. 101. ESTABLISHMENT OF LOCAL PROGRAMS.

  (a) * * *
  [(b) Priority in Provision of Services.--The Secretary may 
not make a grant under subsection (a) unless the applicant for 
the grant agrees that, in carrying out the purpose described in 
subsection (a) (other than with respect to paragraph (6) of 
such subsection), the applicant will give priority to abandoned 
infants and young children--
          [(1) who are infected with the human immunodeficiency 
        virus or who have been perinatally exposed to the 
        virus; or
          [(2) who have been perinatally exposed to a dangerous 
        drug.]
  (b) Priority in Provision of Services.--The Secretary may not 
make a grant under subsection (a) unless the applicant for the 
grant agrees to give priority to abandoned infants and young 
children who--
          (1) are infected with, or have been perinatally 
        exposed to, the human immunodeficiency virus, or have a 
        life-threatening illness or other special medical need; 
        or
          (2) have been perinatally exposed to a dangerous 
        drug.

[SEC. 102. EVALUATIONS, STUDIES, AND REPORTS BY SECRETARY.

  [(a) Evaluations of Demonstration Projects.--The Secretary 
shall, directly or through contracts with public and nonprofit 
private entities, provide for evaluations of projects carried 
out under section 101 and for the dissemination of information 
developed as result of such projects.
  [(b) Dissemination of Information to Individuals With Special 
Needs.--
          [(1)(A) The Secretary may enter into contracts or 
        cooperative agreements with public or nonprofit private 
        entities for the development and operation of model 
        projects to disseminate the information described in 
        subparagraph (B) to individuals who are 
        disproportionately at risk of dysfunctional behaviors 
        that lead to the abandonment of infants or young 
        children.
          [(B) The information referred to in subparagraph (A) 
        is information on the availability to individuals 
        described in such subparagraph, and the families of the 
        individuals, of financial assistance and services under 
        Federal, State, local, and private programs providing 
        health services, mental health services, educational 
        services, housing services, social services, or other 
        appropriate services.
          [(2) The Secretary may not provide a contract or 
        cooperative agreement under paragraph (1) to an entity 
        unless--
                  [(A) the entity has demonstrated expertise in 
                the functions with respect to which such 
                financial assistance is to be provided; and
                  [(B) the entity agrees that in disseminating 
                information on programs described in such 
                paragraph, the entity will give priority--
                          [(i) to providing the information to 
                        individuals described in such paragraph 
                        who--
                                  [(I) engage in the abuse of 
                                alcohol or drugs, who are 
                                infected with the human 
                                immunodeficiency virus, or who 
                                have limited proficiency in 
                                speaking the English language; 
                                or
                                  [(II) have been historically 
                                underserved in the provision of 
                                the information; and
                          [(ii) to providing information on 
                        programs that are operated in the 
                        geographic area in which the 
                        individuals involved reside and that 
                        will assist in eliminating or reducing 
                        the extent of behaviors described in 
                        such paragraph.
          [(3) In providing contracts and cooperative 
        agreements under paragraph (1), the Secretary may not 
        provide more than 1 such contract or agreement with 
        respect to any geographic area.
          [(4) Subject to the availability of amounts made 
        available in appropriations Acts for the fiscal year 
        involved, the duration of a contract or cooperative 
        agreement under paragraph (1) shall be for a period of 
        3 years, except that the Secretary may terminate such 
        financial assistance if the Secretary determines that 
        the entity involved has substantially failed to comply 
        with the agreements required as a condition of the 
        provision of the assistance.
  [(c) Study and Report on Number of Abandoned Infants and 
Young Children.--
          [(1) The Secretary shall conduct a study for the 
        purpose of determining--
                  [(A) an estimate of the number of infants and 
                young children abandoned in hospitals in the 
                United States and the number of such infants 
                and young children who are infants and young 
                children described in section 101(b); and
                  [(B) an estimate of the annual costs incurred 
                by the Federal Government and by State and 
                local governments in providing housing and care 
                for such infants and young children.
          [(2) Not later than April 1, 1992, the Secretary 
        shall complete the study required in paragraph (1) and 
        submit to the Congress a report describing the findings 
        made as a result of the study.
  [(d) Study and Report on Effective Care Methods.--
          [(1) The Secretary shall conduct a study for the 
        purpose of determining the most effective methods for 
        responding to the needs of abandoned infants and young 
        children.
          [(2) The Secretary shall, not later than April 1, 
        1991, complete the study required in paragraph (1) and 
        submit to the Congress a report describing the findings 
        made as a result of the study.

[SEC. 103. DEFINITIONS.

  [For purposes of this title:
          [(1) The terms ``abandoned'' and ``abandonment'', 
        with respect to infants and young children, mean that 
        the infants and young children are medically cleared 
        for discharge from acute-care hospital settings, but 
        remain hospitalized because of a lack of appropriate 
        out-of-hospital placement alternatives.
          [(2) The term ``dangerous drug'' means a controlled 
        substance, as defined in section 102 of the Controlled 
        Substances Act.
          [(3) The term ``natural family'' shall be broadly 
        interpreted to include natural parents, grandparents, 
        family members, guardians, children residing in the 
        household, and individuals residing in the household on 
        a continuing basis who are in a care-giving situation 
        with respect to infants and young children covered 
        under this Act.]

SEC. 102. EVALUATIONS, STUDY, AND REPORTS BY SECRETARY.

  (a) Evaluations of Local Programs.--The Secretary shall, 
directly or through contracts with public and nonprofit private 
entities, provide for evaluations of projects carried out under 
section 101 and for the dissemination of information developed 
as a result of such projects.
  (b) Study and Report on Number of Abandoned Infants and Young 
Children.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a study 
        for the purpose of determining--
                  (A) an estimate of the annual number of 
                infants and young children relinquished, 
                abandoned, or found deceased in the United 
                States and the number of such infants and young 
                children who are infants and young children 
                described in section 223(b);
                  (B) an estimate of the annual number of 
                infants and young children who are victims of 
                homicide;
                  (C) characteristics and demographics of 
                parents who have abandoned an infant within 1 
                year of the infant's birth; and
                  (D) an estimate of the annual costs incurred 
                by the Federal Government and by State and 
                local governments in providing housing and care 
                for abandoned infants and young children.
          (2) Deadline.--Not later than 36 months after the 
        date of the enactment of the Keeping Children and 
        Families Safe Act of 2003, the Secretary shall complete 
        the study required under paragraph (1) and submit to 
        the Congress a report describing the findings made as a 
        result of the study.
  (c) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate and report on 
effective methods of intervening before the abandonment of an 
infant or young child so as to prevent such abandonments, and 
effective methods for responding to the needs of abandoned 
infants and young children.

SEC. 103. DEFINITIONS.

  For purposes of this Act:
          (1) The terms ``abandoned'' and ``abandonment'', with 
        respect to infants and young children, mean that the 
        infants and young children are medically cleared for 
        discharge from acute-care hospital settings, but remain 
        hospitalized because of a lack of appropriate out-of-
        hospital placement alternatives.
          (2) The term ``acquired immune deficiency syndrome'' 
        includes infection with the etiologic agent for such 
        syndrome, any condition indicating that an individual 
        is infected with such etiologic agent, and any 
        condition arising from such etiologic agent.
          (3) The term ``dangerous drug'' means a controlled 
        substance, as defined in section 102 of the Controlled 
        Substances Act.
          (4) The term ``natural family'' shall be broadly 
        interpreted to include natural parents, grandparents, 
        family members, guardians, children residing in the 
        household, and individuals residing in the household on 
        a continuing basis who are in a care-giving situation 
        with respect to infants and young children covered 
        under this subtitle.
          (5) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services.

SEC. 104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  [(a) In General.--
          [(1) For the purpose of carrying out this title 
        (other than section 102(b)), there are authorized to be 
        appropriated $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 and such 
        sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 
        1998 through 2001.
          [(2)(A) Of the amounts appropriated under paragraph 
        (1) for any fiscal year in excess of the amount 
        appropriated under this subsection for fiscal year 
        1991, as adjusted in accordance with subparagraph (B), 
        the Secretary shall make available not less than 50 
        percent for grants under section 101(a) to carry out 
        projects described in paragraph (8) of such section.
          [(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the amount 
        relating to fiscal year 1991 shall be adjusted for a 
        fiscal year to a greater amount to the extent necessary 
        to reflect the percentage increase in the consumer 
        price index for all urban consumers (U.S. city average) 
        for the 12-month period ending with March of the 
        preceding fiscal year.
          [(3) Not more than 5 percent of the amounts 
        appropriate under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year may 
        be obligated for carrying out section 102(a).
  [(b) Dissemination of Information for Individuals With 
Special Needs.--For the purpose of carrying out section 102(b), 
there is authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 1992 through 1995.]
  (a) In General.--
          (1) Authorization.--For the purpose of carrying out 
        this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated 
        $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2004 and such sums as may 
        be necessary for fiscal years 2005 through 2008.
          (2) Limitation.--Not more than 5 percent of the 
        amounts appropriated under paragraph (1) for any fiscal 
        year may be obligated for carrying out section 224(a).
  [(c)] (b) Administrative Expenses.--
          (1) Authorization.--For the purpose of the 
        administration of this title by the Secretary, there is 
        authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year 
        specified in subsection (a)(1) an amount equal to 5 
        percent of the amount authorized in such subsection to 
        be appropriated for the fiscal year. With respect to 
        the amounts appropriated under such subsection, the 
        preceding sentence may not be construed to prohibit the 
        expenditure of the amounts for the purpose described in 
        such sentence.
          (2) Limitation.--The Secretary may not obligate any 
        of the amounts appropriated under paragraph (1) for a 
        fiscal year unless, from the amounts appropriated under 
        subsection (a)(1) for the fiscal year, the Secretary 
        has obligated for the purpose described in such 
        paragraph an amount equal to the amounts obligated by 
        the Secretary for such purpose in fiscal year [1991] 
        2003.
  [(d)] (c) Availability of Funds.--Amounts appropriated under 
this section shall remain available until expended.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                         DECLARATION OF PURPOSE

  Sec. 302. It is the purpose of this title to--
          (1) [demonstrate the effectiveness of assisting] 
        assist States in efforts to increase public awareness 
        about and prevent family violence and to provide 
        immediate shelter and related assistance for victims of 
        family violence and their dependents; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                 STATE DEMONSTRATION GRANTS AUTHORIZED

  Sec. 303. (a)(1) * * *
  (2) No grant may be made under this subsection unless the 
chief executive officer of the State seeking such grant submits 
an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner 
as the Secretary may reasonably require. Each such application 
shall--
          (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (C) set forth procedures designed to involve [State 
        domestic violence coalitions knowledgeable individuals 
        and interested organizations] State domestic violence 
        coalitions, knowledgeable individuals, and interested 
        organizations and assure an equitable distribution of 
        grants and grant funds within the State and between 
        urban and rural areas within such State and a plan to 
        address the needs of [underserved populations, 
        including populations underserved because of ethnic, 
        racial, cultural, language diversity or geographic 
        isolation;] underserved populations, as defined in 
        section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
        Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2);

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (F) provide documentation to the Secretary that the 
        State has a law or procedure that has been implemented 
        for the eviction of an abusing spouse from a share 
        household; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (4) Upon completion of the activities funded by a grant under 
this subpart, the State grantee shall file a performance report 
with the Director explaining the activities carried out 
together with an assessment of the effectiveness of those 
activities in achieving the purposes of this subpart. A section 
of this performance report shall be completed by each grantee 
or subgrantee that performed the direct services contemplated 
in the application certifying performance of direct services 
under the grant. The Director shall suspend funding for an 
approved application if an applicant fails to submit an annual 
performance report or if the funds are expended for purposes 
other than those set forth under this subpart, after following 
the procedures set forth in paragraph (3). Federal funds may be 
used only to supplement, not supplant, State funds.
  (5) Upon completion of the activities funded by a grant under 
this title, the State grantee shall submit to the Secretary a 
report that contains a description of the activities carried 
out under paragraph (2)(B)(i).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                      SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITIES

  Sec. 305. (a) The Secretary shall appoint [an employee] 1 or 
more employees of the Department of Health and Human Services 
to carry out the provisions [of this title. The individual] of 
this title, including carrying out evaluation and monitoring 
under this title. Any individual appointed under this 
subsection shall, prior to such appointment, have had expertise 
in the field of family violence prevention and services.
  (b) The Secretary shall--
          (1) * * *
          (2)(A) [provide for research, and into] provide for 
        research into the most effective prevention, 
        identification, and treatment thereof (such as research 
        into (i) the effectiveness of reducing repeated 
        incidents of family violence through a variety of 
        sentencing alternatives, such as incarceration, fines, 
        and counseling programs, individually or in 
        combination, and through the use of civil protection 
        orders removing the abuser from the family household, 
        (ii) the necessity and impact of a mandatory reporting 
        requirement relating to incidents of family violence, 
        particularly abuse of elderly persons), (iii) the 
        effectiveness of providing safety and support to 
        maternal and child victims of family violence as a way 
        to eliminate the abuse experienced by children in such 
        situations, (iv) identification of intervention 
        approaches to child abuse prevention services which 
        appear to be successful in preventing child abuse where 
        both mother and child are abused, (v) effective and 
        appropriate treatment services for children where both 
        mother and child are abused, and (vi) the individual 
        and situational factors leading to the end of violent 
        and abusive behavior by persons who commit acts of 
        family violence, including such factors as history of 
        previous violence and the legal and service 
        interventions received, and (B) make a complete study 
        and investigation (in consultation with the National 
        Institute on Aging) of the national incidence of abuse, 
        neglect, and exploitation of elderly persons, including 
        a determination of the extent to which incidents of 
        such abuse, neglect, and exploitation are increasing in 
        number or severity; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                               EVALUATION

  Sec. 306. [Not later than two years after the date on which 
funds are obligated under section 303(a) for the first time 
after the date of the enactment of this title, and every two 
years thereafter,] Every 2 years, the Secretary shall review, 
evaluate, and report to the appropriate Committees of the 
Congress, as to the effectiveness of the programs administered 
and operated pursuant to this title, particularly in relation 
to repeated incidents of family violence. Such report shall 
also include a summary of the documentation provided to the 
Secretary under section 303(a)(2)(B) through 303(a)(2)(F).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 308. INFORMATION AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS.

  (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  [(g) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall publish proposed 
regulations implementing this section. Not later than 120 days 
after such date of enactment, the Secretary shall publish final 
regulations.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 310. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  [(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
carry out this title $175,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 
through 2005.]
  (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
carry out this title $175,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
2004 through 2008.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 311. GRANTS FOR STATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COALITIONS.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary shall award grants for the 
funding of State domestic violence coalitions. Such coalitions 
shall further the purposes of domestic violence intervention 
and prevention through activities, including--
          (1) * * *
          (2) working with judicial and law enforcement 
        agencies to encourage appropriate responses to domestic 
        violence cases and examine issues including--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (K) the use of training and technical 
                assistance to law enforcement, judges, court 
                officers and other criminal justice 
                professionals[,];
          (3) work with family law judges,[,] criminal court 
        judges, Child Protective Services agencies, and 
        children's advocates to develop appropriate responses 
        to child custody and visitation issues in domestic 
        violence cases as well as cases where domestic violence 
        and child abuse are both present, including--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (D) the use of training and technical 
                assistance for family law judges, criminal 
                court judges, and court personnel;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (H) the implementation of [supervised 
                visitations that do not endanger victims and 
                their children] supervised visitations or 
                denial of visitation to protect against danger 
                to victims or their children; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  [(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to be used to award grants under this 
section $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, and such sums as may 
be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1993 through 1995.
  [(h) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall publish proposed 
regulations implementing this section. Not later than 120 days 
after such date of enactment, the Secretary shall publish final 
regulations implementing this section.]
  (g) Funding.--Of the amount appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations under section 310(a) for a 
fiscal year, not less than 10 percent of such amount shall be 
made available to award grants under this section.

               ADMINISTRATION AND STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION

  Sec. 312. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (c) Of the amount appropriated under section 310(a) for each 
fiscal year, not more than 2.5 percent shall be used by the 
Secretary for evaluation, monitoring, and other administrative 
costs under this title.

       [FAMILY MEMBER ABUSE INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTATION PROJECT

  [Sec. 313. The Secretary shall, directly or by grant or 
contract--
          [(1) develop data on the individual develop data on 
        the number of victims of family violence and their 
        dependents who are homeless or institutionalized as a 
        result of the violence and abuse they have experienced;
          [(2) provide for the objective documentation of data 
        on the victims of family violence and their dependents 
        based on injuries that are brought to the attention of 
        domestic violence shelter, hospital, social service, or 
        law enforcement personnel, whether or not formal civil 
        or criminal action is taken; and
          [(3) provide assurances that procedures will be 
        developed to guarantee the confidentiality of records 
        pertaining to any individual for whom data are compiled 
        through this subsection.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 315. MODEL STATE LEADERSHIP GRANTS FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
                    INTERVENTION.

  [(a) In General.--The Secretary, in cooperation with the 
Attorney General, shall award grants to not more than 10 States 
to assist such States in becoming model demonstration States 
and in meeting the costs of improving State leadership 
concerning activities that will--
          [(1) increase the number of prosecutions for domestic 
        violence crimes;
          [(2) encourage the reporting of incidences of 
        domestic violence; and
          [(3) facilitate ``arrests and aggressive'' 
        prosecution policies.
  [(b) Designation as Model State.--To be designated as a model 
State under subsection (a), a State shall have in effect--
          [(1) a law that requires mandatory arrest of a person 
        that police have probable cause to believe has 
        committed an act of domestic violence or probable cause 
        to believe has violated an outstanding civil protection 
        order;
          [(2) a law or policy that discourages ``dual'' 
        arrests;
          [(3) statewide prosecution policies that--
                  [(A) authorize and encourage prosecutors to 
                pursue cases where a criminal case can be 
                proved, including proceeding without the active 
                involvement of the victim if necessary; and
                  [(B) implement model projects that include 
                either--
                          [(i) a ``no-drop'' prosecution 
                        policy; or
                          [(ii) a vertical prosecution policy; 
                        and
                  [(C) limit diversion to extraordinary cases, 
                and then only after an admission before a 
                judicial officer has been entered;
          [(4) statewide guidelines for judges that--
                  [(A) reduce the automatic issuance of mutual 
                restraining or protective orders in cases where 
                only one spouse has sought a restraining or 
                protective order;
                  [(B) discourage custody or joint custody 
                orders by spouse abusers; and
                  [(C) encourage the understanding of domestic 
                violence as a serious criminal offense and not 
                a trivial dispute; and
          [(5) develop and disseminate methods to improve the 
        criminal justice system's response to domestic violence 
        to make existing remedies as easily available as 
        possible to victims of domestic violence, including 
        reducing delay, eliminating court fees, and providing 
        easily understandable court forms.
  [(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          [(1) In general.--In addition to the funds authorized 
        to be appropriated under section 310, there are 
        authorized to be appropriated to make grants under this 
        section $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, and such sums 
        as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1993 
        through 1995.
          [(2) Limitation.--A grant may not be made under this 
        section in an amount less than $2,000,000.
          [(3) Delegation and transfer.--The Secretary shall 
        delegate to the Attorney General the Secretary's 
        responsibilities for carrying out this section and 
        shall transfer to the Attorney General the funds 
        appropriated under this section for the purpose of 
        making grants under this section.]

SEC. 316. NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE GRANT.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Duration.--[A grant]
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        a grant under this section may extend over a period of 
        not more than 5 years.
          (2) Extension.--The Secretary may extend the duration 
        of a grant under this section beyond the period 
        described in paragraph (1) if, prior to such 
        extension--
                  (A) the entity prepares and submits to the 
                Secretary a report that evaluates the 
                effectiveness of the use of amounts received 
                under the grant for the period described in 
                paragraph (1) and contains any other 
                information as the Secretary may prescribe; and
                  (B) the report and other appropriate criteria 
                indicate that the entity is successfully 
                operating the hotline in accordance with 
                subsection (a).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--There are authorized to be 
        appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years [2001 through 2005] 2004 through 
        2008.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 317. YOUTH EDUCATION AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

  [(a) General Purpose.--For purposes of this section, the 
Secretary may, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, 
select, implement and evaluate 4 model programs for education 
of young people about domestic violence and violence among 
intimate partners.
  [(b) Nature of Program.--The Secretary shall select, 
implement and evaluate separate model programs for 4 different 
audiences: primary schools, middle schools, secondary schools, 
and institutions of higher education. The model programs shall 
be selected, implemented, and evaluated in consultation with 
educational experts, legal and psychological experts on 
battering, and victim advocate organizations such as battered 
women's shelters, State coalitions and resource centers.
  [(c) Review and Dissemination.--Not later than 2 years after 
the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
transmit the design and evaluation of the model programs, along 
with a plan and cost estimate for nationwide distribution, to 
the relevant committees of Congress for review.
  [(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $400,000 for 
fiscal year 1996.]

SEC. 318. DEMONSTRATION GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

  (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  [(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $6,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2001 through 2005.
  [(i) Regulations.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this section, the Secretary shall publish proposed 
regulations implementing this section. Not later than 120 days 
after the date of enactment, the Secretary shall publish final 
regulations implementing this section.]
  (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated to carry out this section $6,000,000 for each 
of the fiscal years 2004 through 2008.

SEC. 319. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE.

  (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (f ) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for 
[fiscal year 2001] each of the fiscal years 2004 through 2008.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                       ADDITIONAL MINORITY VIEWS

Protecting children from harm
    When asked about the balance between protecting children 
and protecting ``parents' rights'' in a Subcommittee hearing on 
October 17, 2001, Assistant Secretary of HHS, Wade Horn, 
responded that a delicate balance was necessary and that within 
the context of CAPTA, ``the balance was adequate.'' Despite Dr. 
Horn's expressed satisfaction on this issue, the Majority 
insisted on pursuing the matter within CAPTA reauthorization. 
Based on individual case studies, the Majority believes that 
child protective systems personnel routinely and aggressively 
ignore ``parental rights'' in investigating potential cases of 
child abuse of neglect. However, the Majority has not provided 
scientific evidence for this assertion. We know of no valid, 
scientifically sound studies and no data to suggest widespread 
inappropriately ``aggressive'' investigations by child 
protective services personnel. In fact, discussions with 
practitioners and recognized experts in the field of child 
welfare contradict the claim that child protective systems 
frequently violated parental rights as described by the 
Majority.
    In an effort to negotiate a bipartisan bill, the Minority 
worked with the Majority to develop language that might address 
the Majority's wishes without compromising the safety of 
children. The result of the negotiations was agreement on a 
provision requiring states to have policies and procedures that 
require social workers, at the initial time of contact, to 
advise individuals who are the subject to a child abuse and 
neglect investigation, of the complaints or allegations made 
against them. The agreed upon goal of this provision is for 
caseworkers to inform individuals being investigated for child 
maltreatment of the types of allegation being made. Child 
welfare experts report that child protective service personnel 
are currently trained to disclose wither a parent (for example) 
is suspected of physical abuse versus sexual abuse versus 
neglect, so this provision clarifies existing practice. This 
provision should not be interpreted to require caseworkers 
convey any information that could compromise the safety of the 
child or to reveal information that could provide identifying 
information that may reveal the source of the allegation or 
compromise the investigation.
    The Minority strongly encourages states to place greater 
effort and emphasis on promoting best practices training and 
supervision of child protection system personnel, regarding all 
aspects of investigation, intervention, treatment and 
reunification. Inclusion of the provision regarding training on 
parental rights should not lead states to place undue emphasis 
on this aspect of caseworker training. Inappropriate emphasis 
on protecting the rights of parents should not outweigh the 
rights of children not to be abused, neglected or murdered. The 
Minority believes that improved caseworker training and 
oversight is critically important to the safety of our 
country's children and the well-being of our country's 
families, and that the most appropriate way to address the 
Majority's concerns is through helping states provide better 
training and case management of child protective service 
personnel rather than prescriptive requirements from the 
federal government about what caseworkers should say in their 
investigations of child abuse and neglect. Appropriate and 
responsive casework is one of the most important factors in 
keeping children safe and in keeping families together, where 
appropriate, and the Minority hopes states will work to improve 
this aspect of their child welfare systems.
Improving child protective services for children with disabilities and 
        health problems
    There are approximately three million reports of child 
abuse every year. Of these 3 million, nearly 1 million are 
substantiated. It is estimated that children with disabilities 
are almost four times more likely to be victims of abuse and 
neglect than children without disabilities. A 1993 study by the 
Office of Child Abuse and Neglect found that 36 percent of the 
substantiated cases of child maltreatment, or about 300,000 
children, caused disabilities in those children. Near-fatal 
child maltreatment leaves 18,000 children permanently disabled 
each year. Identification and treatment of the medical, 
developmental and mental health problems of children have been 
shown to decrease the amount of time a child spends in out of 
home placement and increase chances for a stable living 
situation. Unfortunately, less than half of the children who 
are abused or neglected receive any services at all.
    To address these gaps in service, the bill requires the 
state child welfare system to develop policies and procedures 
involving abused or neglected children under the age of 3 to be 
referred to the statewide early intervention system funded 
under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
Act. Such policies and procedures will ensure that abused 
children can access the early intervention services and 
supports for which they are eligible. Such services will help 
these children learn, grow and thus enter school ready to 
learn.
    Related to this issue is the importance of health 
screenings and treatment for children who are victims of child 
abuse and neglect. Children in the child welfare system are at 
higher risk for health problems than other children for a 
variety of reasons, including risks for child maltreatment are 
also risks of child health problems and because child abuse 
often causes disabilities. Appropriate health and developmental 
evaluations and treatment can greatly influence healthy child 
development and can affect treatment and family preservation, 
such as preventing the need for out-of-home placements. A 1995 
GAO study concluded that systemic and direct service barriers 
prevent many children in the welfare system from receiving 
adequate health care. H.R. 14 takes many steps to help states 
address this problem and improve services for victims of child 
abuse and neglect by promoting linkages between child 
protection and health care (including mental health) agencies.
Improving the Child Protective Service System (CPS) infrastructure
    H.R. 14 recognizes that CAPTA can fill an important role in 
the federal response to protecting children and preventing 
child maltreatment. To this end, H.R. 14 adds to the permitted 
uses of the basic state grants to enable states to improve 
their CPS systems, through CAPTA grant support, in a variety of 
activities essential to a responsive, efficient and appropriate 
protective service system. In addition to the purposes for 
basic state grants in current law which address CPS 
improvements, H.R. 14 allows CAPTA funds to be available to 
address the following issues:
    CPS staffing: to improve upon the supervision of casework 
in CPS; to enhance the recruitment and retention of child 
protection workers; and to promote training for child 
protective service work.
    Case management: to promote on-going case monitoring and 
service delivery; to enhance the ability to assess cases; to 
improve upon the management of case information; and to help 
states develop better databases for information.
    Linkages: to promote partnerships between CPS and private, 
community-based services; and to develop connections with 
health, education and juvenile justice services to better serve 
abused and neglected children.
    Public education: to improve upon the public's 
understanding about the role and responsibilities of CPS; and 
to inform the public about appropriate reporting of suspected 
incidents of child maltreatment.
    Our nation's current system of protecting children is 
heavily weighted toward protecting children who have been so 
seriously maltreated they are no longer safe at home and must 
be placed in foster care or adoptive homes. These are children 
whose safety is in danger; they demand our immediate attention. 
Unfortunately, far less attention is directed at preventing 
harm to these children from happening in the first place, or 
providing the appropriate services and treatment needed by 
families and children victimized by abuse or neglect. Through 
the changes made by H.R. 14, CAPTA can serve to assist in the 
improvement of the CPS infrastructure. Through the CAPTA basic 
state grant program, the federal government has the opportunity 
to step up to a leadership role in providing support for the 
CPS system infrastructure and to begin to rectify the imbalance 
in the federal government's response to the abuse and neglect 
of children.

                                   George Miller.
                                   Ruben Hinojosa.
                                   Rush Holt.
                                   Susan Davis.
                                   John F. Tierney.
                                   Major R. Owens.
                                   Ed Case.
                                   Betty McCollum.
                                   Dale E. Kildee.
                                   Robert E. Andrews.
                                   David Wu.
                                   Denise L. Majette.
                                   Carolyn McCarthy.
                                   Timothy J. Ryan.
                                   Chris Van Hollen.
                                   Lynn C. Woolsey.