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108th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    108-308

======================================================================



 
         INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION ACT OF 2003

                                _______
                                

October 8, 2003.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Boehner, from the Committee on Education and the Workforce, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3077]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

  The Committee on Education and the Workforce, to whom was 
referred the bill (H.R. 3077) to amend title VI of the Higher 
Education Act of 1965 to enhance international education 
programs, having considered the same, report favorably thereon 
with an amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do 
pass.
  The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``International 
Studies in Higher Education Act of 2003''.
  (b) References.--Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in 
this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment 
to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be 
considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Higher 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).
  (c) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Short title; references; table of contents.
Sec. 2. International and foreign language studies.
Sec. 3. Business and international education programs.
Sec. 4. Institute for International Public Policy.
Sec. 5. Evaluation, outreach, and dissemination.
Sec. 6. Advisory Board.
Sec. 7. Recruiter access to students and student recruiting 
information; safety.

SEC. 2. INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDIES.

  (a) Findings and Purposes.--Section 601 (20 U.S.C. 1121) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``post-Cold War'' in paragraph (3);
                  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
                paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively; and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph:
          ``(4) The events and aftermath of September 11, 2001, have 
        underscored the need for the nation to strengthen and enhance 
        American knowledge of international relations, world regions, 
        and foreign languages. Homeland security and effective United 
        States engagement abroad depend upon an increased number of 
        Americans who have received such training and are willing to 
        serve their nation.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                  (A) by striking ``; and'' at the end of subparagraph 
                (D) and inserting ``, including through linkages 
                overseas with institutions of higher education and 
                relevant organizations that contribute to the 
                educational programs assisted under this part;'';
                  (B) by inserting ``and'' after the semicolon at the 
                end of subparagraph (E);
                  (C) by inserting after such subparagraph (E) the 
                following new subparagraph:
          ``(F) to assist the national effort to educate and train 
        citizens to participate in the efforts of homeland security;''; 
        and
          (3) in subsection (b)(3), by inserting ``reinforce and'' 
        before ``coordinate''.
  (b) Graduate and Undergraduate Language and Area Centers and 
Programs.--Section 602(a) (20 U.S.C. 1122(a)) is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (A) and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
                make grants to institutions of higher education or 
                consortia of such institutions for the purpose of 
                establishing, strengthening, and operating--
                          ``(i) comprehensive foreign language and area 
                        or international studies centers and programs; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) a diverse network of undergraduate 
                        foreign language and area or international 
                        studies centers and programs.'';
          (2) in paragraph (2)--
                  (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
                (G);
                  (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph 
                (H) and inserting a semicolon; and
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (H) the following 
                new subparagraphs:
                  ``(I) supporting instructors of the less commonly 
                taught languages;
                  ``(J) widely disseminating materials developed by the 
                center or program to local educational agencies and 
                public and private elementary and secondary education 
                schools, and institutions of higher education, 
                presented from diverse perspectives and representative 
                of the full range of views on the subject matter, 
                except that no more than 50 percent of funds awarded to 
                an institution of higher education or consortia of such 
                institutions for purposes under this title may be 
                associated with the costs of dissemination; and
                  ``(K) projects that support in students an 
                understanding of science and technology in coordination 
                with foreign language proficiency.''; and
          (3) in paragraph (4)--
                  (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                  ``(B) Partnerships or programs of linkage and 
                outreach with 2-year and 4-year colleges and 
                universities, including colleges of education and 
                teacher professional development programs.'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``Programs of 
                linkage or outreach'' and inserting ``Partnerships or 
                programs of linkage and outreach'';
                  (C) in subparagraph (E)--
                          (i) by striking ``foreign area'' and 
                        inserting ``area studies'';
                          (ii) by striking ``of linkage and outreach''; 
                        and
                          (iii) by striking ``(C), and (D)'' and 
                        inserting ``(D), and (E)'';
                  (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) 
                as subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively; and
                  (E) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following 
                new subparagraph:
                  ``(C) Partnerships with local educational agencies 
                and public and private elementary and secondary 
                education schools that are designed to increase student 
                academic achievement in foreign language and knowledge 
                of world regions, and to facilitate the wide 
                dissemination of materials related to area studies, 
                foreign languages, and international studies that are 
                representative of a full range of views on the subject 
                matter.''.
  (c) Language Resource Centers.--Section 603(c) (20 U.S.C. 1123(c)) is 
amended by inserting ``reflect the purposes of this part and'' after 
``shall''.
  (d) Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language 
Programs.--Section 604 (20 U.S.C. 1124) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``combinations'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``consortia'';
          (2) in subsection (a)(2)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``teacher 
                training'' and inserting ``teacher professional 
                development'';
                  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (I) through (M) as 
                subparagraphs (J) through (N), respectively;
                  (C) by inserting after subparagraph (H) the following 
                new subparagraph:
                  ``(I) the provision of grants to undergraduate 
                students for educational programs abroad that are 
                closely linked to the program's overall goals and have 
                the purpose of promoting foreign language fluency and 
                knowledge of world regions, except that not more than 
                10 percent of a grant recipient's funds may be used for 
                this purpose;''; and
                  (D) in subparagraph (M)(ii) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B) of this paragraph), by striking 
                ``elementary and secondary education institutions'' and 
                inserting ``local educational agencies and public and 
                private elementary and secondary education schools'';
          (3) in subsection (a)(4)(B), by inserting ``that demonstrates 
        a need for a waiver or reduction'' before the period at the 
        end;
          (4) in subsection (a)(6), by inserting ``reflect the purposes 
        of this part and'' after ``shall'';
          (5) in subsection (a)(8), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
        ``shall''; and
          (6) by striking subsection (c).
  (e) Research; Studies; Annual Report.--Section 605(a) (20 U.S.C. 
1125(a)) is amended by inserting before the period at the end of the 
first sentence the following: ``, including the systematic collection, 
analysis and dissemination of data''.
  (f) Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information 
Access.--Section 606 (20 U.S.C. 1126) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``or consortia of such institutions 
                or libraries'' and inserting ``museums, or consortia of 
                such entities'';
                  (B) by striking ``new''; and
                  (C) by inserting ``from foreign sources'' after 
                ``disseminate information'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting ``acquire and'' before ``facilitate 
                access'' in paragraph (1);
                  (B) by striking ``new means of'' in paragraph (3) and 
                inserting ``new means and standards for'';
                  (C) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (6);
                  (D) by striking the period at the end of paragraph 
                (7) and by inserting a semicolon; and
                  (E) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following 
                new paragraphs:
          ``(8) to establish linkages between grant recipients under 
        subsection (a) with libraries, museums, organizations, or 
        institutions of higher education located overseas to facilitate 
        carrying out the purposes of this section; and
          ``(9) to carry out other activities deemed by the Secretary 
        to be consistent with the purposes of this section.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(e) Special Rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the required 
non-Federal share for institutions that--
          ``(1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B of 
        title III or under title V; and
          ``(2) have submitted a grant application under this section 
        that demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction.''.
  (g) Selection of Grant Recipients.--Section 607(b) (20 U.S.C. 
1125a(b)) is amended--
          (1) by striking out ``objectives'' and inserting 
        ``missions''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``In 
        keeping with the purposes of this part, the Secretary shall 
        take into account the degree to which activities of centers, 
        programs, and fellowships at institutions of higher education 
        advance national interests, generate and disseminate 
        information, and foster debate on American foreign policy from 
        diverse perspectives.''.
  (h) Equitable Distribution.--Section 608(a) (20 U.S.C. 1128(a)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Grants made 
under section 602 shall also reflect the purposes of this part.''.
  (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 610 (20 U.S.C. 1128b) 
is amended--
          (1) by striking ``1999'' and inserting ``2004''; and
          (2) by striking ``4 succeeding'' and inserting ``5 
        succeeding''.
  (j) Conforming Amendments.--Sections 603(a), 604(a)(5), and 612 (20 
U.S.C. 1123(a), 1124(a)(5), 1130-1) are each amended by striking 
``combinations'' each place it appears and inserting ``consortia''.

SEC. 3. BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

  (a) Centers for International Business Education.--Section 612 (20 
U.S.C. 1130-1) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (c)(1)(D), by inserting ``(including those 
        that are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B of 
        title III or under title V)'' after ``other institutions of 
        higher education''; and
          (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
          ``(5) Special rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the 
        required non-Federal share for institutions that--
                  ``(A) are eligible to receive assistance under part A 
                or B of title III or under title V; and
                  ``(B) have submitted a grant application under this 
                section that demonstrates a need for a waiver or 
                reduction.''.
  (b) Education and Training Programs.--Section 613 (20 U.S.C. 1130a) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  ``(e) Special Rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the required 
non-Federal share for institutions that--
          ``(1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B of 
        title III or under title V; and
          ``(2) have submitted a grant application under this section 
        that demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction.''.
  (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 614 (20 U.S.C. 1130b) 
is amended--
          (1) by striking ``1999'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``2004''; and
          (2) by striking ``4 succeeding'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``5 succeeding''.

SEC. 4. INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC POLICY.

  (a) Foreign Service Professional Development.--Section 621 (20 U.S.C. 
1131) is amended--
          (1) by striking the heading of such section and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 621. PROGRAM FOR FOREIGN SERVICE PROFESSIONALS. '';

          (2) by striking the second sentence of subsection (a) and 
        inserting the following: ``The Institute shall conduct a 
        program to enhance the international competitiveness of the 
        United States by increasing the participation of 
        underrepresented populations in the international service, 
        including private international voluntary organizations and the 
        foreign service of the United States.'';
          (3) in subsection (b)(1), by striking subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) An Indian Tribal College or University or 
                Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institution 
                eligible for assistance under title III, an institution 
                eligible for assistance under part B of title III, or 
                an Hispanic- serving institution eligible for 
                assistance under title V.
                  ``(B) An institution of higher education which serves 
                substantial numbers of underrepresented students.''; 
                and
          (4) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
  ``(e) Match Required.--The eligible recipient of a grant under this 
section shall contribute to the conduct of the program supported by the 
grant an amount from non-Federal sources equal to at least one-half of 
the amount of the grant. Such contribution may be in cash or in kind. 
The Secretary may waive or reduce the required non-Federal share for 
institutions that--
          ``(1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B of 
        title III or under title V; and
          ``(2) have submitted a grant application under this section 
        that demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction.''.
  (b) Institutional Development.--Section 622 (20 U.S.C. 1131a) is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end of subsection (a) the 
following: ``and promote collaboration with colleges and universities 
that receive funds under this title''.
  (c) Study Abroad Program.--Section 623(a) (20 U.S.C. 1131b(a)) is 
amended by inserting after ``1978,'' the following: ``Alaska Native-
serving, Native Hawaiian-serving, and Hispanic-serving institutions,''.
  (d) Advanced Degree in International Relations.--Section 624 (20 
U.S.C. 1131b) is amended--
          (1) by striking ``masters'' in the heading of such 
        section and inserting ``advanced'';
          (2) by striking ``a masters degree in international 
        relations'' and inserting ``an advanced degree in international 
        relations, international affairs, international economics, or 
        other academic areas related to the Institute fellow's career 
        objectives''; and
          (3) by striking ``The masters degree program'' and inserting 
        ``The advanced degree study program shall be designed by the 
        consortia, consistent with the fellow's career objectives, 
        and''.
  (e) Internships.--Section 625 (20 U.S.C. 1131c) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``1978,'' the 
        following: ``Alaska Native-serving, Native Hawaiian-serving, 
        and Hispanic-serving institutions,'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by inserting ``and'' after the semicolon at the 
                end of paragraph (2);
                  (B) by striking ``; and'' at the end of paragraph (3) 
                and inserting a period; and
                  (C) by striking paragraph (4); and
          (3) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
  ``(c) Ralph J. Bunche Fellows.--In order to assure the recognition 
and commitment of individuals from underrepresented student populations 
who demonstrate special interest in international affairs and language 
study, eligible students who participate in the internship programs 
authorized under (a) and (b) shall be known as the `Ralph J. Bunche 
Fellows'.''.
  (f) Report.--Section 626 (20 U.S.C. 1131d) is amended by striking 
``annually prepare a report'' and inserting ``prepare a report 
biennially''.
  (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 628 (20 U.S.C. 1131f) 
is amended--
          (1) by striking ``1999'' and inserting ``2004''; and
          (2) by striking ``4 succeeding'' and inserting ``5 
        succeeding''.

SEC. 5. EVALUATION, OUTREACH, AND DISSEMINATION.

  Part D of title VI is amended by inserting after section 631 (20 
U.S.C. 1132) the following new section:

``SEC. 632. EVALUATION, OUTREACH, AND DISSEMINATION.

  ``The Secretary may use not more than 1 percent of the funds made 
available for this title for program evaluation, national outreach, and 
information dissemination activities.''.

SEC. 6. ADVISORY BOARD.

  Part D of title VI is amended by inserting after section 632 (as 
added by section 5) the following new section:

``SEC. 633. INTERNATIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION ADVISORY BOARD.

  ``(a) Establishment and Purpose.--
          ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the Department 
        an independent International Higher Education Advisory Board 
        (hereafter in this section referred to as the `International 
        Advisory Board'). The International Advisory Board shall 
        provide advice, counsel and recommendations to the Secretary 
        and the Congress on international education issues for higher 
        education.
          ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the International Advisory 
        Board is--
                  ``(A) to provide expertise in the area of national 
                needs for proficiency in world regions, foreign 
                languages, and international affairs;
                  ``(B) to make recommendations that will promote the 
                excellence of international education programs and 
                result in the growth and development of such programs 
                at the postsecondary education level that will reflect 
                diverse perspectives and represent the full range of 
                views on world regions, foreign language, and 
                international affairs; and
                  ``(C) to advise the Secretary and the Congress with 
                respect to needs for expertise in government, the 
                private sector, and education in order to enhance 
                America's understanding of, and engagement in, the 
                world.
  ``(b) Independence of International Advisory Board.--In the exercise 
of its functions, powers, and duties, the International Advisory Board 
shall be independent of the Secretary and the other offices and 
officers of the Department. Except as provided in this subsection and 
subsection (f), the recommendations of the International Advisory Board 
shall not be subject to review or approval by any officer of the 
Federal Government. Nothing in this title shall be construed to 
authorize the International Advisory Board to mandate, direct, or 
control an institution of higher education's specific instructional 
content, curriculum, or program of instruction. The Board is authorized 
to study monitor, apprise and evaluate a sample of activities supported 
under this title in order to provide recommendations to the Secretary 
and the Congress for the improvement of programs under the title and to 
ensure programs meet the purposes of the title. The recommendations of 
the Board may address any area in need of improvement, except that any 
recommendation of specific legislation to Congress shall be made only 
if the President deems it necessary and expedient.
  ``(c) Membership.--
          ``(1) Appointment.--The International Advisory Board shall 
        have 7 members of whom--
                  ``(A) 3 members shall be appointed by the Secretary;
                  ``(B) 2 members shall be appointed by the Speaker of 
                the House of Representatives, upon the recommendation 
                of the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader; and
                  ``(C) 2 members shall be appointed by the President 
                pro tempore of the Senate, upon the recommendation of 
                the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader.
          ``(2) Representation.--Two of the members appointed by the 
        Secretary under paragraph (1)(A) shall be appointed to 
        represent Federal agencies that have national security 
        responsibilities, after consultation with the heads of such 
        agencies. The members of the International Advisory Board shall 
        also include (but not be limited to) representatives of States, 
        institutions of higher education, cultural organizations, 
        educational organizations, local education agencies, students, 
        and private citizens with expertise in international concerns.
          ``(3) Qualification.--Members of the International Advisory 
        Board shall be individuals who have technical qualifications, 
        professional standing, experience working in international 
        affairs or foreign service occupations, or demonstrated 
        knowledge in the fields of higher education and international 
        education, including foreign languages, world regions, or 
        international affairs.
  ``(d) Functions of the Committee.--
          ``(1) In general.--The International Advisory Board shall 
        provide recommendations in accordance with subsection (b) 
        regarding improvement of programs under this title to the 
        Secretary and the Congress for their review. The Board may--
                  ``(A) review and comment upon the regulations for 
                grants under this title;
                  ``(B) monitor, apprise, and evaluate a sample of 
                activities supported under this title based on the 
                purposes and objectives of this title in order to 
                provide recommendations for improvement of the programs 
                under this title;
                  ``(C) make recommendations that will assist the 
                Secretary and the Congress to improve the programs 
                under this title to better reflect the national needs 
                related to the homeland security, international 
                education, and international affairs, including an 
                assessment of the national needs and the training 
                provided by the institutions of higher education that 
                receive a grant under this title for expert and non-
                expert level foreign language training;
                  ``(D) make recommendations to the Secretary and the 
                Congress regarding such studies, surveys, and analyses 
                of international education that will provide feedback 
                about the programs under this title and assure that 
                their relative authorized activities reflect diverse 
                perspectives and represent the full range of views on 
                world regions, foreign languages, and international 
                affairs;
                  ``(E) make recommendations that will strengthen the 
                partnerships between local educational agencies, public 
                and private elementary and secondary education schools, 
                and grant recipients under this title to ensure that 
                the research and knowledge about world regions, foreign 
                languages, and international affairs is widely 
                disseminated to local educational agencies;
                  ``(F) make recommendations on how institutions of 
                higher education that receive a grant under this title 
                can encourage students to serve the nation and meet 
                national needs in an international affairs, 
                international business, foreign language, or national 
                security capacity;
                  ``(G) make recommendations on how linkages between 
                institutions of higher education and public and private 
                organizations that are involved in international 
                education, language training, and international 
                research capacities to fulfill manpower and information 
                needs of United States businesses; and
                  ``(H) make recommendations to the Secretary and the 
                Congress about opportunities for underrepresented 
                populations in the areas of international relations, 
                international affairs, and international economics, in 
                order to effectively carry out the activities of the 
                Institute under part C.
          ``(2) Hearings.--The International Advisory Board shall 
        provide for public hearing and comment regarding the matter 
        contained in the recommendations described in paragraph (1), 
        prior to the submission of those recommendations to Secretary 
        and the Congress.
  ``(e) Operations of the Committee.--
          ``(1) Terms.--Each member of the International Advisory Board 
        shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, except that, of the 
        members first appointed (A) 4 shall be appointed for a term of 
        3 years, and (B) 3 shall be appointed for a term of 4 years, as 
        designated at the time of appointment by the Secretary. A 
        member of the International Advisory Board may be reappointed 
        to successive terms on the International Advisory Board.
          ``(2) Vacancies.--Any member appointed to fill a vacancy 
        occurring prior to the expiration of the term of a predecessor 
        shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term. A 
        member of the International Advisory Board shall, upon the 
        Secretary's request, continue to serve after the expiration of 
        a term until a successor has been appointed.
          ``(3) No governmental members.--Except for the members 
        appointed by the Secretary under subsection (c)(1)(A), no 
        officers or full-time employees of the Federal Government shall 
        serve as members of the International Advisory Board.
          ``(4) Meetings.--The International Advisory Board shall meet 
        not less than once each year. The International Advisory Board 
        shall hold additional meetings at the call of the Chair or upon 
        the written request of not less than 3 voting members of the 
        International Advisory Board.
          ``(5) Quorum.--A majority of the voting members of the Board 
        serving at the time of a meeting shall constitute a quorum.
          ``(6) Chair.--The International Advisory Board shall elect a 
        Chairman or Chairwoman from among the members of the 
        International Advisory Board.
  ``(f) Submission to Department for Comment.--The International 
Advisory Board shall submit its proposed recommendations to the 
Secretary of Education for comment for a period not to exceed 30 days 
in each instance.
  ``(g) Personnel and Resources.--
          ``(1) Compensation and expense.--Members of the International 
        Advisory Committee shall serve without pay for such service. 
        Members of the International Advisory Board who are officers or 
        employees of the United States may not receive additional pay, 
        allowances, or benefits by reason of their service on the 
        International Advisory Board. Members of the International 
        Advisory Board may each receive reimbursement for travel 
        expenses incident to attending International Advisory Board 
        meetings, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as 
        authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, for 
        persons in the Government service employed intermittently.
          ``(2) Personnel.-- The International Advisory Board may 
        appoint such personnel as may be determined necessary by the 
        Chairman without regard to the provisions of title 5, United 
        States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, 
        and may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 
        and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to 
        classification and General Schedule pay rates, but no 
        individual so appointed shall be paid in excess of the rate 
        authorized for GS-18 of the General Schedule. The International 
        Advisory Board may appoint not more than 1 full-time 
        equivalent, nonpermanent, consultant without regard to the 
        provisions of title 5, United States Code. The International 
        Advisory Board shall not be required by the Secretary to reduce 
        personnel to meet agency personnel reduction goals.
          ``(3) Consultation.--In carrying out its duties under the 
        Act, the International Advisory Board shall consult with other 
        Federal agencies, representatives of State and local 
        governments, and private organizations to the extent feasible.
          ``(4) Assistance from other agencies.--
                  ``(A) Information.--The International Advisory Board 
                is authorized to secure directly from any executive 
                department, bureau, agency, board, commission, office, 
                independent establishment, or instrumentality 
                information, suggestions, estimates, and statistics for 
                the purpose of this section and each such department, 
                bureau, agency, board, commission, office, independent 
                establishment, or instrumentality is authorized and 
                directed, to the extent permitted by law, to furnish 
                such information, suggestions, estimates, and 
                statistics directly to the International Advisory 
                Board, upon request made by the Chairman.
                  ``(B) Services and personnel.--The head of each 
                Federal agency shall, to the extent not prohibited by 
                law, consult with the International Advisory Board in 
                carrying out this section. The International Advisory 
                Board is authorized to utilize, with their consent, the 
                services, personnel, information, and facilities of 
                other Federal, State, local, and private agencies with 
                or without reimbursement.
          ``(5) Contracts; experts and consultants.--The International 
        Advisory Board may enter into contracts for the acquisition of 
        information, suggestions, estimates, and statistics for the 
        purpose of this section. The International Advisory Board is 
        authorized to obtain the services of experts and consultants 
        without regard to section 3109 of title 5, United States Code 
        and to set pay in accordance with such section.
  ``(h) Termination.--Notwithstanding the sunset and charter provisions 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. I) or any other 
statute or regulation, the International Advisory Committee shall be 
authorized through September 30, 2009.
  ``(i) Funds.--The Secretary shall use not more than one-half of the 
funds available to the Secretary under section 632 to carry out this 
section.''.

SEC. 7. RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING 
                    INFORMATION; SAFETY.

  Part D of title VI is amended by inserting after section 633 (as 
added by section 6) the following new sections:

``SEC. 634. RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING 
                    INFORMATION.

  ``Each institution of higher education that receives a grant under 
this title shall assure that--
          ``(1) recruiters of the United States Government and agencies 
        thereof are given the same access to students as is provided 
        generally to other institutions of higher education and 
        prospective employers of those students for the purpose of 
        recruiting for graduate opportunities or prospective 
        employment; and
          ``(2) no undue restrictions are placed upon students that 
        seek employment with the United States Government or any agency 
        thereof.

``SEC. 635. STUDENT SAFETY.

  ``Applicants seeking funds under this title to support student travel 
and study abroad shall submit as part of their grant application a 
description of safety policies and procedures for students 
participating in the program while abroad.''.

SEC. 8. NATIONAL STUDY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE HERITAGE COMMUNITIES.

  Part D of title VI is further amended by inserting after section 635 
(as added by section 7) the following new section:

``SEC. 636. NATIONAL STUDY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE HERITAGE COMMUNITIES.

  ``(a) Study.--The Secretary of Education, in consultation with the 
International Advisory Board, shall conduct a study to identify foreign 
language heritage communities, particularly such communities that 
include speakers of languages that are critical to the national 
security of the United States.
  ``(b) Foreign Language Heritage Community.--For purposes of this 
section, the term `foreign language heritage community' means a 
community of residents or citizens of the United States who are native 
speakers of, or who have partial fluency in, a foreign language.
  ``(c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall submit a report to the 
Congress on the results of the study conducted under this section.''.

                                Purpose

    H.R. 3077, the International Studies in Higher Education 
Act of 2003, seeks to build on programs under title VI of the 
Higher Education Act (HEA) that encourage the study of 
international affairs, world regions and foreign languages in 
higher education. Such programs not only foster knowledge of 
the world, but more importantly, train experts who are prepared 
to meet America's national security needs. Currently, title VI 
authorizes a variety of grants to institutions of higher 
education to enhance instruction in foreign language and area 
studies (FLAS), international business education, and provide 
opportunities for underrepresented populations in international 
affairs capacities.

                            Committee Action


                             108TH CONGRESS

Subcommittee hearing

    On Thursday, June 19, 2003, the Committee on Education and 
the Workforce, Subcommittee on Select Education, held a hearing 
in Washington, D.C. entitled ``International Programs in Higher 
Education and Questions of Bias.'' The purpose of this hearing 
was to learn more about the teaching and practices at title VI-
funded centers, and gather information about how these programs 
can be improved during the reauthorization of the Higher 
Education Act (HEA) to ensure the federal investment in 
international studies is providing an effective means to 
understanding multiple international perspectives in an 
increasingly small international community. Witnesses included: 
Dr. Foster Roden, Professor in the College of Business, 
University of North Texas, Denton, TX; Ms. Vivien Stewart, Vice 
President Education, Asia Society, New York, New York; Dr. 
Stanley Kurtz, Research Fellow, Hoover Institution Contributing 
Editor, National Review Online, Washington, DC; Dr. Gilbert W. 
Merkx, Vice Provost for International Affairs, Duke University, 
Durham, NC; and Dr. Terry Hartle, Senior Vice President, 
American Council on Education, Washington, DC.

Legislative action

    On September 11, 2003, Representatives Pete Hoekstra (R-
MI), John Boehner (R-OH), Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon (R-CA), 
James Greenwood (R-PA), Joe Wilson (R-SC), and Tom Cole (R-OK) 
introduced H.R. 3077, the International Studies in Higher 
Education Act of 2003, to reauthorize international education 
programs under title VI of the Higher Education Act through 
fiscal year 2009.
    On September 17, 2003, the Subcommittee on Select Education 
considered H.R. 3077 in legislative session during which an 
amendment in the nature of a substitute was offered and by 
unanimous consent accepted as the base text to which any 
amendments would be considered. The Subcommittee reported H.R. 
3077 favorably, as amended, to the Committee on Education and 
the Workforce by voice vote. The Subcommittee considered and 
adopted the following amendment:
           Mr. Hoekstra (R-MI) offered a substitute 
        amendment that made technical and clarifying changes to 
        the legislation. Specifically, the amendment changed 
        the process for naming the members of the International 
        Advisory Board from the Secretary of Education to the 
        House, Senate and Secretary of Education, including the 
        addition of two representatives from national security 
        agencies. The amendment further required that the 
        activities and functions of the International Advisory 
        Board were to be paid by no more than 50% or less of 
        the funds appropriated to the Secretary for evaluation, 
        outreach and dissemination. The amendment clarified 
        that minority serving institutions should be considered 
        as partners in the International Business Education 
        Centers program. Lastly, the amendment clarified the 
        language allowing agency and military recruiters access 
        to campuses.
    The Committee on Education and the Workforce considered 
H.R. 3077 during a legislative session on Thursday, September 
25, 2003, during which Representative Pete Hoekstra (R-MI) 
offered an amendment in the nature of a substitute. By 
unanimous consent, the substitute was accepted as the base text 
to which any amendments would be considered. The Committee 
adopted the following amendments to H.R. 3077:
           Mr. Hoekstra (R-MI) offered a substitute 
        amendment that clarified the functions of the 
        International Advisory Board to ensure the Board is 
        advisory in its scope. In addition, the amendment 
        clarified that Board members cannot receive 
        compensation or gifts for their service, staggered the 
        terms of the Board members, and clarified the basic 
        operations of the Board. The amendment clarified that 
        no more than half of the total funds awarded to an 
        institution of higher education or consortia of such 
        institutions under title VI could be used for costs of 
        dissemination materials to elementary and secondary 
        schools. Lastly, the amendment also clarified that 
        federal agency and military recruiters are given the 
        same access to campuses as provided to other 
        prospective employers.
           Mr. Holt (D-NJ) offered an amendment that 
        established a study, to be conducted by the Secretary 
        of Education in consultation with the International 
        Advisory Board, of foreign language heritage 
        communities.
           Mr. Holt (D-NJ) offered an amendment to 
        authorize projects under the National Language and Area 
        Centers programs that support students' understanding 
        of science and technology in coordination with foreign 
        language proficiency.
    The Committee on Education and the Workforce, with a 
majority of the Committee present, favorably reported H.R. 3077 
as amended, to the House of Representatives by voice vote.
    Below is a summary of H.R. 3077.

                                Summary

    H.R. 3077, the International Studies in Higher Education 
Act amends the programs under title VI (International Education 
Programs) of the Higher Education Act and reauthorizes title VI 
through FY 2009.
    H.R. 3077, the International Studies in Higher Education 
Act creates a new International Education Advisory Board for 
all title VI programs to increase accountability by providing 
advice, counsel, and recommendations to Congress on 
international education issues for higher education. The bill 
also requires the Secretary of Education to take into account 
the degree to which activities of the centers, programs, and 
fellowships at institutions funded by title VI advance national 
interests, generate and disseminate information, and foster 
debate from diverse perspectives on American foreign policy.
    In order to ensure that students of all ages are exposed to 
international education, H.R. 3077 encourages and strengthens 
international knowledge at all stages of education by allowing 
centers and programs funded by title VI to serve as a national 
resource for courses and materials for use in elementary and 
secondary schools.
    H.R. 3077 allows more of the overall title VI funds to be 
used for undergraduate education and also permits 10 percent of 
a project's funds to be used for sending undergraduate students 
on educational programs abroad. Additionally, H.R. 3077 
stresses the importance for institutions to promote the safety 
of students in study abroad programs.
    Noting that minority serving institutions may not have the 
capacity to provide matching funds for the programs under title 
VI, the bill adds a special rule to the programs in the title 
that allows the Secretary to waive or reduce the non-Federal 
match for HBCUs, HSIs, Tribally Controlled Colleges and 
Universities, and Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian 
institutions.
    H.R. 3077 clarifies that the Institute for International 
Public Policy (IIPP) include all underrepresented populations 
in its program in order to enhance participations in 
international service. The International Studies in Higher 
Education Act also names students who participate in graduate 
or undergraduate internship programs through the IIPP as the 
``Ralph J. Bunche Fellows.''

                            Committee Views

    International education programs at the postsecondary level 
play a critical role in building and maintaining the nation's 
ability to supply expertise in foreign language, area studies 
and international business arenas. In order to continue the 
nation's established leadership role in international affairs, 
the opportunities for students to become knowledgeable in 
international issues and foreign languages has become 
increasingly important. America's interests and national 
security are inextricably tied to our knowledge and 
understanding of the rest of the world.
    Programs authorized under title VI of the Higher Education 
Act (HEA) reflect the priority placed by the federal government 
on diplomacy, national security, and trade competitiveness by 
allowing for the study of international and world issues and 
cultures, as well as foreign languages at the postsecondary 
education level. Centers and fellowships authorized under title 
VI serve the nation's national security interests in two ways: 
they produce new cadres of personnel trained in foreign 
languages and knowledgeable about foreign areas and they 
provide a cumulative body of knowledge about international 
affairs, which provide expertise for government agencies and an 
intellectual foundation for intelligence.
    In a report published by the American Council on 
Education's Center for Institutional and International 
Initiatives entitled, ``Beyond September 11: A Comprehensive 
National Policy on International Education,'' three national 
policy objectives have been established by the higher education 
community for success in international education. First, the 
nation must produce international experts and knowledge to 
address national strategic needs. Second, it is imperative to 
strengthen the ability of the United States to solve 
international problems and third, it is time to develop a 
citizenry and workforce that is competent in international 
issues and affairs. Programs under title VI were established 
over forty years ago to address these objectives and have been 
reformed and reauthorized to better reflect the current 
international climate.
    H.R. 3077 updates the findings and purposes of the programs 
under title VI to reflect our national security needs in the 
post-September 11th era, as well as the current international 
climate. Therefore, the International Studies in Higher 
Education Act increases coordination between international and 
foreign language studies programs to better meet America's 
national and international security needs. The bill also 
clarifies that programs under title VI are to reinforce and 
coordinate with other federal programs in the areas of foreign 
language, area studies, and international affairs. The 
Committee recognizes that a complete understanding of area 
studies is intrinsically tied to a knowledge of the history, 
politics, geography, and languages within a particular region.
    In a January 2003 report from the Congressional Research 
Service, there was significant discussion regarding the 
establishment of either a ``multi-agency board, endowment, 
foundation or other independent federal entity to coordinate 
and/or administer all federal programs dealing with foreign 
language and international studies.'' The report further 
suggested that one function of such board or agency might be 
``relatively long-range planning to attempt to meet both the 
federal government's and the Nation's needs for foreign 
language and area studies specialists in a coordinated 
manner.''
    During the June 2003 hearing on title VI, Dr. Stanley 
Kurtz, a Research Fellow with the Hoover Institution, argued 
that a board, similar to those that govern the Fulbright and 
National Security Education Programs, was needed to help 
enhance the programs under title VI. Dr. Kurtz proposed that a 
board should be inclusive of all points of view and should 
therefore ``be able to hold annual [public] hearings to title 
VI activities, including the outreach activities of the 
National Resource Centers.''
    In a book entitled, ``Language and National Security in the 
21st Century,'' published by the National Foreign Language 
Center, the authors recommend an ``establishment of mechanisms 
to monitor national needs and capacity in language and to 
assess how those needs and that capacity are addressed by 
federal, state, and local programs, including title VI.'' The 
International Advisory Board, within H.R. 3077, is responsible 
for specifically making recommendations that will assist the 
Secretary of Education and the Congress to improve the programs 
under title VI to better reflect the national needs related to 
homeland security, international education, and international 
affairs, including the assessment of the national needs and 
training provided by the institutions of higher education that 
receive a grant for expert and non-expert level foreign 
language training.
    The Committee believes that the programs authorized under 
title VI of the HEA are crucially important because they ensure 
the expansion of the international knowledge base of the 
nation's citizenry and promote the growth and development in 
national need areas related to addressing national security 
interests. Therefore, H.R. 3077 established an International 
Advisory Board, which will provide advice, counsel and 
recommendations to the Secretary of Education and the Congress 
on international education issues for higher education in order 
to improve international education programs and add new 
oversight to programs funded under title VI. Members of the 
International Advisory Board are to be appointed by the House 
of Representatives, the Senate and the Secretary of Education, 
who must select two representatives from agencies with national 
security responsibilities. These agencies may include, but not 
be limited to, the Department of Defense, the Department of 
Homeland Security, the Department of State, the National 
Security Administration, and the Central Intelligence Agency.
    The International Advisory Board is authorized to hold 
public hearings to review the recommendations provided by the 
Board to the Secretary and the Congress. The Committee believes 
this is an important first step to engage the independent board 
with the grantees, communities and constituencies who are most 
interested in the objectives and outcomes of the programs 
authorized under title VI. In order to more effectively make 
suggestions of for the improvement of the international 
education programs authorized under the title, the Committee 
believes the International Advisory Board should monitor, 
apprise and evaluate a sample of activities supported by 
programs in order to provide recommendations for improvement of 
the programs under the title. However, the Committee strongly 
believes that the International Advisory Board does not have 
the authority to mandate, direct, or control an institution of 
higher education's specific instructional content, curriculum, 
or program of instruction.
    Moreover, the Committee believes that when selecting 
grantees, the Secretary should take into account the degree to 
which activities of centers, programs, and fellowships at 
institutions of higher education advance national interests, 
generate and disseminate information, and foster debate on 
American foreign policy from diverse intellectual perspectives. 
The Committee also believes that it should be clear that 
recruiters from the military and federal agencies should be 
given the same access as is granted to prospective employers 
who wish to recruit students for non-government related 
employment opportunities. The Committee believes students who 
benefit from the programs funded under title VI have 
instrumental and unique skills in foreign language, world 
regions and international affairs that would serve to benefit 
the military and agencies of the federal government.
    During the June 2003 hearing, Ms. Vivien Stewart, 
representing the Asia Society, testified that the levels of 
student knowledge about international affairs is rudimentary. 
``Young Americans are next to last in their knowledge of 
geography and international affairs compared with students from 
eight other industrial countries,'' she argued. Furthermore, 
Ms. Stewart highlighted the fact that most prospective teachers 
do not take any international education courses and have very 
low participation rates in study abroad programs.
    The International Studies in Higher Education Act ensures 
that colleges of education and teacher professional development 
programs can be included as partners in outreach grants and 
summer institute programs. By authorizing the Secretary to make 
grants to outreach and summer institute programs that involve 
partnerships with local educational agencies and public and 
private elementary and secondary schools, the Committee 
believes there will be an increase in student academic 
achievement in foreign language and the knowledge of world 
regions. Finally, by authorizing title VI centers and programs 
to serve as a national resource for courses and materials for 
elementary and secondary schools, the Committee believes this 
legislation will encourage and enhance international knowledge 
at all stages and levels of education.
    The Committee urges that the Secretary of Education 
encourage the development of programs that stress the teaching 
of foreign languages for practical and professional use, 
including programs that promote foreign language education 
across the curriculum.
    H.R. 3077 encourages the Secretary of Education to engage 
in data collection and analysis of international education and 
foreign language needs and outputs on an ongoing and systematic 
basis, and to make the results known nationally on a regular 
basis. The Committee notes that international and foreign 
language education is an evolving field in the United States, 
with heightened importance to the national interest. The 
Committee also encourages the Secretary to consider projects 
that assess the impact of student learning abroad, develop 
foreign language proficiency assessments where they do not 
exist for the less commonly taught languages, assess the 
relationship between gains in foreign language proficiency and 
knowledge of world regions, and assess the impact of technology 
on language acquisition.
    Recognizing that students who study abroad for the 
enhancement of foreign language knowledge and proficiency, as 
well as the study of world regions, may travel to areas or 
regions in conflict or unrest. The Committee encourages 
institutions of higher education to take into consideration 
safety policies and procedures for students participating in 
any study abroad program funded under title VI.
    The Committee believes that international business 
education programs reauthorized by H.R. 3077 under title VI of 
the HEA play a unique and important role in overall 
international education efforts. The programs have proven to be 
an integral part of many postsecondary institutions' efforts to 
develop international education initiatives.
    A hallmark program for the education, inclusion and 
participation of students from underrepresented populations, 
the Institute for International Public Policy (IIPP) was 
amended in H.R. 3077 to include all underrepresented 
populations in its program in order to enhance participation in 
international service. The Committee believes it is important 
to recognize the achievements of a statesman and diplomat, 
Ralph J. Bunche by naming students who participate in 
internships under the IIPP program as the ``Ralph J. Bunche 
Fellows.'' Ralph J. Bunche was the first African-American 
awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He was awarded the honor in 1950 
for his efforts as a negotiator for the United Nations in the 
peace talks in the Middle East.
    Additionally, the Committee recognizes the valuable and 
important role minority serving institutions play in 
postsecondary education. As these institutions may not have the 
capacity to provide full matching funds for the programs under 
title VI, H.R. 3077 adds a special rule to the programs in the 
title that allows the Secretary to waive or reduce the non-
Federal match for Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
(HBCUs), Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs), Tribally 
Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs), and Alaska Native 
and Native Hawaiian serving institutions. Although this waiver 
authority currently exists for some programs under the title 
and throughout the HEA, the Committee believes it is important 
to ensure continuity and consistency among all title VI 
programs, which have a direct benefit to our national interests 
and security.
    It is imperative that title VI programs, as the largest 
federal program supporting language and area studies in the 
national interest, continue to take responsibility for training 
experts and building and maintaining national capacity in the 
nation's education system. The consideration and adoption of 
H.R. 3077 will have a distinct effect on the international 
education efforts of postsecondary education institutions as 
partners in addressing national strategic needs in foreign 
language, area studies, international affairs and international 
business education.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis


                               SECTION 1

    States the short title as the ``International Studies in 
Higher Education Act of 2003'' and contains the table of 
contents for this title.

                               SECTION 2

    Amends Section 601 with regard to the findings and purposes 
of this Act.
    Amends section 602(a) by authorizing the Secretary to award 
grants to support instructors of the less commonly taught 
languages; authorizing the dissemination of materials developed 
by centers and programs to local educational agencies and 
public and private elementary and secondary schools; 
authorizing projects that support students in understanding 
science and technology and foreign language proficiency; and 
encouraging partnerships between 2- and 4-year institutions of 
higher education, colleges of education, and federal and state 
departments and agencies.
    Amends section 603(c) regarding Language Resource Centers.
    Amends section 604 by authorizing additional uses of funds 
for sending undergraduate students on educational programs 
abroad to enhance their foreign language proficiency and 
cultural knowledge; and removing the 10 percent funding cap for 
this section.
    Amends Section 605(a) by modifying authorized activities to 
encourage the Department of Education to engage in data 
collection and analysis of international education and foreign 
language needs and outputs.
    Amends Section 606 by permitting museums to apply for 
grants under this section; by authorizing funds to be used for 
the acquisition of printed material from abroad for the 
purposes of this section, the development of standards for 
electronic access, the means for access of international data, 
the establishment of linkages with institutions abroad that 
facilitate access to foreign information, and to provide the 
Department of Education with the flexibility to establish new 
activities that are useful for carrying out the purposes of 
this section, with the idea that future technological changes 
may enhance the activities which could be conducted under this 
section; and allows the Secretary of Education to waive or 
reduce non-Federal share for institutions that receive 
assistance under part A or B of title III or under title V that 
have applied for a grant.
    Amends Section 607(b) by requiring the Secretary to take 
into account the degree to which grant applicants advance 
national interests and generate and disseminate information 
from diverse perspectives with regard to American foreign 
policy.
    Amends Section 608(a) with regard to equitable 
distribution.
    Amends Section 610 pertaining to the authorization of 
appropriations.

                               SECTION 3

    Amends Section 612 by allowing the Secretary to waive or 
reduce the non-Federal share for institutions that receive 
assistance under part A or B of title III or under title V that 
have applied for a grant.
    Amends Section 613 by allowing the Secretary to waive or 
reduce the non-Federal share for institutions that receive 
assistance under part A or B of title III or under title V that 
have applied for a grant.
    Amends Section 614 with regard to the authorization of 
appropriations.

                               SECTION 4

    Amends Section 621 by clarifying that the Institute for 
International Public Policy shall include all underrepresented 
minorities in its program in order to enhance participationin 
international service; by modifying the heading of Section 621 to read 
``Program for Foreign Service Professionals''; and by allowing the 
Secretary to waive or reduce the non-Federal share for institutions 
that receive assistance under part A or B of title III or under title V 
that have applied for a grant.
    Amends Section 622 by encouraging collaboration among 
colleges and universities receiving funds under this title.
    Amends Section 623(a) regarding the study abroad program.
    Amends Section 624 by authorizing the Institute for 
International Public Policy's consortia of institutions to 
provide advanced degree programs in a variety of academic 
areas.
    Amends Section 625 by repealing the Interagency Committee 
on Minority Careers in International Affairs; and stating that 
students who participate in Internship programs, under 
subsections (a) and (b), will be called ``Ralph J. Bunche 
Fellows.''
    Amends Section 626 by requiring the Secretary to submit a 
biennial report.
    Amends Section 628 with regard to the authorization of 
appropriations for this part.

                               SECTION 5

    Amends Part D of title VI to include section 632:

        Section 632. Authorizes the Secretary to use not more 
        than one percent of the funds made available for this 
        title for program evaluation, national outreach, and 
        information dissemination activities.

                               SECTION 6

    Amends Part of title VI to include Section 633:

        Section 633. Establishes the International Advisory 
        Board, and sets forth its mission, authorities, and 
        purpose; clarifies that the Board will be independent 
        of the Secretary and the Department of Education; 
        contains provisions regarding the Board's 
        organizational structure as well as membership 
        qualifications; and sets forth the functions and 
        operations of the Board.

                               SECTION 7

    Amends Part D of title VI to include sections 634 and 635:

        Section 634. Sets forth provisions regarding recruiter 
        access to students for the purpose of recruiting for 
        graduate opportunities or prospective employment.

        Section 635. Contains provisions concerning student 
        safety.

                               SECTION 8

    Amends Part D of title IV to include section 636:

        Section 636. Contains provisions requiring the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the International 
        Advisory Board, to conduct a study of foreign language 
        heritage communities and will submit a report not later 
        than a year after the date of enactment.

                       Explanation of Amendments

    The Amendment in the Nature of a Substitute is explained in 
the body of this report.

              Application of Law to the Legislative Branch

    Section 102(b)(3) of Public Law 104-1 requires a 
description of the application of this bill to the legislative 
branch. H.R. 3077, the International Studies in Higher 
Education Act of 2003, seeks to build on programs under title 
VI of the Higher Education Act (HEA) that encourage the study 
of international affairs, world regions and foreign languages 
in higher education. Such programs not only foster knowledge of 
the world, but more importantly, train experts who are prepared 
to meet America's national security needs. This bill does not 
prevent legislative branch employees from receiving the 
benefits of this legislation.

                       Unfunded Mandate Statement

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment 
Control Act (as amended by Section 101(a)(2) of the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act, P.L. 104-4) requires a statement of 
whether the provisions of the reported bill include unfunded 
mandates. H.R. 3077, the International Studies in Higher 
Education Act of 2003, seeks to build on programs under title 
VI of the Higher Education Act (HEA) that encourage the study 
of international affairs, world regions and foreign languages 
in higher education, which provides support for discretionary 
funded these programs. As such, the bill does not contain any 
unfunded mandates.


                             Correspondence

                          House of Representatives,
                             Rayburn House Office Building,
                                   Washington, DC, October 3, 2003.
Hon. John Boehner,
Chairman, Committee on Education and the Workforce, Rayburn House 
        Office Building, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: Due to other legislative duties, I was 
unavoidably detained during Committee consideration of H.R. 
3077, ``International Studies in Higher Education Act of 
2003.'' Consequently, I missed roll call number one on the 
amendment offered by Representative Kind. Had I been present, I 
would have voted against the amendment.
    I would appreciate your including this letter in the 
Committee Report to accompany H.R. 3077. Thank you for your 
attention to this matter.
            Sincerely,
                                           Charlie Norwood,
                                                Member of Congress.
                                ------                                

                                  House of Representatives,
                                                   October 3, 2003.
Hon. John Boehner,
Chairman, Committee on Education and the Workforce, Rayburn House 
        Office Building, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: Due to other legislative duties, I was 
unavoidably detained during Committee consideration of H.R. 
3077, ``International Studies in Higher Education Act of 
2003.'' Consequently, I missed roll call number one on the 
amendment offered by Representative Kind. Had I been present, I 
would have voted in favor of the amendment.
    I would appreciate your including this letter in the 
Committee Report to accompany H.R. 3077. Thank you for your 
attention to this matter.
    Sincerely,
                                                    Betty McCollum.

  Statement of Oversight Findings and Recommendations of the Committee

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII and clause 
(2)(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee's oversight findings and 
recommendations are reflected in the body of this report.

   New Budget Authority and Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(2) of rule 
XIII of the House of Representatives and section 308(a) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and with respect to 
requirements of 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the House of 
Representatives and section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act 
of 1974, the Committee has received the following cost estimate 
for H.R. 3077 from the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                   Washington, DC, October 6, 2003.
Hon. John A. Boehner,
Chairman, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of 
        Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3077, the 
International Studies in Higher Education Act of 2003.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Deborah 
Kalcevic.
    Sincerely,
                                      Elizabeth M. Robinson
                               (For Douglas Holtz-Eakin, Director).
    Enclosure.

H.R. 3077--International Studies in Higher Education Act of 2003

    Summary: H.R. 3077 would reauthorize programs under title 
VI of the Higher Education Act through 2009. These programs 
expired at the end of fiscal year 2003 but were extended 
automatically for 2004 by the General Education Provisions Act 
(GEPA).
    CBO estimates that authorizations under the bill would 
total $108 million in 2004 and $683 million over the 2004-2009 
period, assuming that funding is adjusted for inflation after 
2004. (Without such inflation adjustments, the authorizations 
would total about $648 million over the 2004-2009 period.) CBO 
estimates that appropriation of the authorized levels would 
result in outlays of $527 million over the 2004-2009 period 
assuming annual adjustments for inflation (and about $507 
million without adjustments for inflation). Enacting H.R. 3077 
would not affect direct spending or receipts.
    H.R. 3077 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA). 
The grants authorized by the bill would benefit state, local, 
and tribal governments.
    Estimated cost to the Federal Government: The estimated 
budgetary impact of H.R. 3077, with inflation adjustments for 
the various components of each title of the bill, is shown in 
the following table. The costs of this legislation fall within 
budget function 500 (education, training, employment, and 
social services).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     By fiscal year, in millions of dollars--
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
                                                                  2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION

Authorizations in H.R. 3077
    International and Foreign Language Studies:
        Estimated authorization level..........................      0     80     82     83     85     87     89
        Estimated outlays......................................      0      4     58     74     83     85     86
    Centers for International Business:
        Estimated authorization level..........................      0     11     11     11     12     12     12
        Estimated outlays......................................      0      1      8     10     11     12     12
    Education and training:
        Estimated authorization level..........................      0      7      7      7      7      8      8
        Estimated outlays......................................      0      *      5      6      7      7      8
    Institute for International Public Policy:
        Esimated authorization level...........................      0     10     10     10     11     11     11
        Estimated outlays......................................      0      1      7      9     10     11     11
    Total authorizations in H.R. 3077:
        Estimated authorization level..........................      0    108    110    112    115    117    120
        Estimated outlays......................................      0      5     79    100    112    114    117
Less: amounts authorized for 2004 under current law:
    Authorization level \1\....................................   n.a.     95      0      0      0      0      0
    Estimated outlays..........................................   n.a.      5     65     17      9      0      0
Total proposed changes:
    Estimated authorization level..............................      0     13    110    112    115    117    120
    Estimated outlays..........................................      0      1     14     83    103    114    117

                           Memorandum

Total spending for Title VI of the Higher Education Act under
 H.R. 3077:
    Budget authority/estimated authorization level \1\.........     95    108    110    112    115    117    120
    Estimated outlays \2\......................................     82     92    104    108    112    114    117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The 2003 level is the amount appropriated that year. Under the General Education Provisions Act (GEPA), the
  affected programs were automatically authorized at the 2003 appropriation.
\2\ Includes outlays from appropriations provided in 2003 and prior years.

Notes.--Components may not sum to totals because of rounding. *=Less than $500,000. n.a.=not applicable.

    Basis of estimate: H.R. 3077 would reauthorize programs 
under title VI of the Higher Education Act through 2009. These 
programs are currently authorized for 2004 under the automatic 
one-year extension provided by GEPA.
    Each of the authorizations is a specific amount for 2004 
and such sums as may be necessary through 2009. The bill would 
authorize total appropriations of $108 million in 2004, $13 
million more than the amounts appropriated for 2003. CBO 
estimates that this bill would authorize total funding of $683 
million over the 2004-2009 period, assuming that funding for 
the ``such sums'' authorizations specified for years after 2004 
is provided at the authorized levels for 2004 adjusted for 
inflation. The outlays from such appropriations would amount to 
$5 million in 2004 and $527 million over the six-year period. 
The estimated outlays reflect historical rates of spending for 
the affected programs.

International and Foreign Language Studies

    H.R. 3077 would revise and reauthorize the International 
and Foreign Language Studies programs. These programs are 
designed to improve the performance of higher educational 
institutions in providing training in foreign languages. The 
activities authorized include teacher training, research on new 
teaching methods and dissemination of those research findings, 
postgraduate research and student/faculty exchanges, library 
support, and other services.
    The bill would authorize $80 million for 2004--$2 million 
above the GEPA authorized level--and such sums as may be 
necessary for years 2005 through 2009. CBO estimates the total 
authorization for the 2004-2009 period would be about $506 
million, assuming adjustments for inflation, with resulting 
outlays of $390 million over those six years. The program was 
funded at $78 million in 2003.

Centers for International Business Education

    The bill would authorize appropriations for the Centers for 
International Business Education through 2009. These centers 
support institutions of higher education by sharing in the 
costs of programs to provide an interdisciplinary approach to 
international business. Supporting activities include 
instruction in critical foreign languages and improved business 
strategies, as well as research and training.
    The bill would reauthorize the program at $11 million in 
2004--$4 million less than the amount authorized under GEPA--
and such sums as may be necessary for each of next five years. 
For this program, CBO estimates the total authorization for the 
2004-2009 period would be $70 million, assuming adjustments for 
inflation, with resulting outlays of $54 million over those six 
years. The program was funded at $15 million in 2003.

Education and training programs

    H.R. 3077 would reauthorize the education and training 
programs directed toward international education through 2009. 
These programs had been previously authorized as part of the 
international and foreign language studies programs.
    The bill would authorize the program at $7 million in 2004 
and such sums as may be necessary for the next five years. The 
total authorization for the 2004-2009 period would amount to 
$44 million and, assuming the funds would be appropriated, 
would result in total outlays of $34 million. Funding for these 
activities in 2003 was provided through the appropriations for 
the international and foreign language studies programs.

Institute for International Public Policy

    The bill would extend the authorization of the Institute 
for International Public Policy through 2009. The institute is 
intended to increase the pool for minority professionals who 
can fill foreign policy positions in the federal government.
    H.R. 3077 would extend the institute's authorization at $10 
million in 2004--about $8 million more than the GEPA-authorized 
level--and such sums as may be necessary through 2009. CBO 
estimates that the bill would authorize appropriations totaling 
$63 million over the 2004-2009 period; the resulting outlays 
would amount to $49 million. The institute's funding in 2003 
was $1.6 million.
    Intergovernmental and private-sector impact: H.R. 3077 
contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as 
defined in UMRA. The bill would benefit state, local, and 
tribal governments because public and tribal educational 
institutions would be eligible to apply for grants authorized 
in the bill. Any costs incurred by state, local, or tribal 
governments would result from complying with grant conditions.
    Estimate prepared by: Federal Costs: Deborah Kalcevic. 
Impact on State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Sarah Puro. 
Impact on the Private Sector: Nabeel Alsalam.
    Estimate approved by: Robert A. Sunshine, Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    In accordance with Clause (3)(c) of House rule XIII, the 
goal of H.R. 3077 is to provide support for international 
education programs. H.R. 3077 seeks to build on programs under 
title VI of the Higher Education Act (HEA) that encourage the 
study of international affairs, world regions and foreign 
languages in higher education. Such programs not only foster 
knowledge of the world, but more importantly, train experts who 
are prepared to meet America's national security needs. The 
Committee expects the Department of Education to comply with 
H.R. 3077 and implement the changes to the law in accordance 
with the changes.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Under clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the Committee must include a statement 
citing the specific powers granted to Congress in the 
Constitution to enact the law proposed by H.R. 3077. The 
Committee believes that the amendments made by this bill, which 
authorize appropriations for education assistance, are within 
Congress' authority under Article I, section 8, clause 1 of the 
Constitution.

                           Committee Estimate

    Clauses 3(d)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires an estimate and a comparison by the 
Committee of the costs that would be incurred in carrying out 
H.R. 3077. However, clause 3(d)(3)(B) of that rule provides 
that this requirement does not apply when the Committee has 
included in its report a timely submitted cost estimate of the 
bill prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported are shown as follows (new matter is 
printed in italic and existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

              TITLE VI OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION ACT OF 1965

               TITLE VI--INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS

           PART A--INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDIES

SEC. 601. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

  (a) Findings.--Congress finds as follows:
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) Dramatic [post-Cold War] changes in the world's 
        geopolitical and economic landscapes are creating needs 
        for American expertise and knowledge about a greater 
        diversity of less commonly taught foreign languages and 
        nations of the world.
          (4) The events and aftermath of September 11, 2001, 
        have underscored the need for the nation to strengthen 
        and enhance American knowledge of international 
        relations, world regions, and foreign languages. 
        Homeland security and effective United States 
        engagement abroad depend upon an increased number of 
        Americans who have received such training and are 
        willing to serve their nation.
          [(4)] (5) Systematic efforts are necessary to enhance 
        the capacity of institutions of higher education in the 
        United States for--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          [(5)] (6) Cooperative efforts among the Federal 
        Government, institutions of higher education, and the 
        private sector are necessary to promote the generation 
        and dissemination of information about world regions, 
        foreign languages, and international affairs throughout 
        education, government, business, civic, and nonprofit 
        sectors in the United States.
  (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this part are--
          (1)(A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (D) to promote access to research and training 
        overseas[; and], including through linkages overseas 
        with institutions of higher education and relevant 
        organizations that contribute to the educational 
        programs assisted under this part;
          (E) to advance the internationalization of a variety 
        of disciplines throughout undergraduate and graduate 
        education; and
          (F) to assist the national effort to educate and 
        train citizens to participate in the efforts of 
        homeland security;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) to reinforce and coordinate the programs of the 
        Federal Government in the areas of foreign language, 
        area studies, and other international studies, 
        including professional international affairs education 
        and research.

SEC. 602. GRADUATE AND UNDERGRADUATE LANGUAGE AND AREA CENTERS AND 
                    PROGRAMS.

  (a) National Language and Area Centers and Programs 
Authorized.--
          (1) Centers and programs.--
                  [(A) In general.--The Secretary is 
                authorized--
                          [(i) to make grants to institutions 
                        of higher education, or combinations 
                        thereof, for the purpose of 
                        establishing, strengthening, and 
                        operating comprehensive foreign 
                        language and area or international 
                        studies centers and programs; and
                          [(ii) to make grants to such 
                        institutions or combinations for the 
                        purpose of establishing, strengthening, 
                        and operating a diverse network of 
                        undergraduate foreign language and area 
                        or international studies centers and 
                        programs.]
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized 
                to make grants to institutions of higher 
                education or consortia of such institutions for 
                the purpose of establishing, strengthening, and 
                operating--
                          (i) comprehensive foreign language 
                        and area or international studies 
                        centers and programs; and
                          (ii) a diverse network of 
                        undergraduate foreign language and area 
                        or international studies centers and 
                        programs.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (2) Authorized activities.--Any such grant may be 
        used to pay all or part of the cost of establishing or 
        operating a center or program, including the cost of--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (G) summer institutes in the United States or 
                abroad designed to provide language and area 
                training in the center's field or topic; [and]
                  (H) support for faculty, staff, and student 
                travel in foreign areas, regions, or countries, 
                and for the development and support of 
                educational programs abroad for students[.];
                  (I) supporting instructors of the less 
                commonly taught languages;
                  (J) widely disseminating materials developed 
                by the center or program to local educational 
                agencies and public and private elementary and 
                secondary education schools, and institutions 
                of higher education, presented from diverse 
                perspectives and representative of the full 
                range of views on the subject matter, except 
                that no more than 50 percent of funds awarded 
                to an institution of higher education or 
                consortia of such institutions for purposes 
                under this title may be associated with the 
                costs of dissemination; and
                  (K) projects that support in students an 
                understanding of science and technology in 
                coordination with foreign language proficiency.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (4) Outreach grants and summer institutes.--The 
        Secretary may make additional grants to centers 
        described in paragraph (1) for any one or more of the 
        following purposes:
                  (A) * * *
                  [(B) Programs of linkage or outreach with 2- 
                and 4-year colleges and universities.]
                  (B) Partnerships or programs of linkage and 
                outreach with 2-year and 4-year colleges and 
                universities, including colleges of education 
                and teacher professional development programs.
                  (C) Partnerships with local educational 
                agencies and public and private elementary and 
                secondary education schools that are designed 
                to increase student academic achievement in 
                foreign language and knowledge of world 
                regions, and to facilitate the wide 
                dissemination of materials related to area 
                studies, foreign languages, and international 
                studies that are representative of a full range 
                of views on the subject matter.
                  [(C) Programs of linkage or outreach] (D) 
                Partnerships or programs of linkage and 
                outreach with departments or agencies of 
                Federal and State governments.
                  [(D)] (E) Programs of linkage or outreach 
                with the news media, business, professional, or 
                trade associations.
                  [(E)] (F) Summer institutes in [foreign] area 
                studies, foreign language, and other 
                international fields designed to carry out the 
                programs [of linkage and outreach] described in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), [(C), and (D)] (D), and 
                (E).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 603. LANGUAGE RESOURCE CENTERS.

  (a) Language Resource Centers Authorized.--The Secretary is 
authorized to make grants to and enter into contracts with 
institutions of higher education, or [combinations] consortia 
of such institutions, for the purpose of establishing, 
strengthening, and operating a small number of national 
language resource and training centers, which shall serve as 
resources to improve the capacity to teach and learn foreign 
languages effectively.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (c) Conditions for Grants.--Grants under this section shall 
reflect the purposes of this part and be made on such 
conditions as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry 
out the provisions of this section.

SEC. 604. UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE 
                    PROGRAMS.

  (a) Incentives for the Creation of New Programs and the 
Strengthening of Existing Programs in Undergraduate 
International Studies and Foreign Language Programs.--
          (1) Authority.--The Secretary is authorized to make 
        grants to institutions of higher education, 
        [combinations] consortia of such institutions, or 
        partnerships between nonprofit educational 
        organizations and institutions of higher education, to 
        assist such institutions, [combinations] consortia or 
        partnerships in planning, developing, and carrying out 
        programs to improve undergraduate instruction in 
        international studies and foreign languages. Such 
        grants shall be awarded to institutions, [combinations] 
        consortia or partnerships seeking to create new 
        programs or to strengthen existing programs in foreign 
        languages, area studies, and other international 
        fields.
          (2) Use of funds.--Grants made under this section may 
        be used for Federal share of the cost of projects and 
        activities which are an integral part of such a 
        program, such as--
                  (A) * * *
                  (B) teaching, research, curriculum 
                development, 
                faculty training in the United States or 
                abroad, and other related activities, 
                including--
                          (i) the expansion of library and 
                        teaching resources; and
                          (ii) preservice and inservice 
                        [teacher training] teacher professional 
                        development;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (I) the provision of grants to undergraduate 
                students for educational programs abroad that 
                are closely linked to the program's overall 
                goals and have the purpose of promoting foreign 
                language fluency and knowledge of world 
                regions, except that not more than 10 percent 
                of a grant recipient's funds may be used for 
                this purpose;
                  [(I)] (J) the development of programs 
                designed to integrate professional and 
                technical education with foreign languages, 
                area studies, and other international fields;
                  [(J)] (K) the establishment of linkages 
                overseas with institutions of higher education 
                and organizations that contribute to the 
                educational programs assisted under this 
                subsection;
                  [(K)] (L) the conduct of summer institutes in 
                foreign area, foreign language, and other 
                international fields to provide faculty and 
                curriculum development, including the 
                integration of professional and technical 
                education with foreign area and other 
                international studies, and to provide foreign 
                area and other international knowledge or 
                skills to government personnel or private 
                sector professionals in international 
                activities;
                  [(L)] (M) the development of partnerships 
                between--
                          (i) * * *
                          (ii) the private sector, government, 
                        or [elementary and secondary education 
                        institutions] local educational 
                        agencies and public and private 
                        elementary and secondary education 
                        schools,
                in order to enhance international knowledge and 
                skills; and
                  [(M)] (N) the use of innovative technology to 
                increase access to international education 
                programs.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (4) Special rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce 
        the required non-Federal share for institutions that--
                  (A) * * *
                  (B) have submitted a grant application under 
                this section that demonstrates a need for a 
                waiver or reduction.
          (5) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, 
        the Secretary shall give priority to applications from 
        institutions of higher education, [combinations] 
        consortia or partnerships that require entering 
        students to have successfully completed at least 2 
        years of secondary school foreign language instruction 
        or that require each graduating student to earn 2 years 
        of postsecondary credit in a foreign language (or have 
        demonstrated equivalent competence in the foreign 
        language) or, in the case of a 2-year degree granting 
        institution, offer 2 years of postsecondary credit in a 
        foreign language.
          (6) Grant conditions.--Grants under this subsection 
        shall reflect the purposes of this part and be made on 
        such conditions as the Secretary determines to be 
        necessary to carry out this subsection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (8) Evaluation.--The Secretary [may] shall establish 
        requirements for program evaluations and require grant 
        recipients to submit annual reports that evaluate the 
        progress and performance of students participating in 
        programs assisted under this subsection.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  [(c) Funding Support.--The Secretary may use not more than 10 
percent of the total amount appropriated for this part for 
carrying out the purposes of this section.]

SEC. 605. RESEARCH; STUDIES; ANNUAL REPORT.

  (a) Authorized Activities.--The Secretary may, directly or 
through grants or contracts, conduct research and studies that 
contribute to achieving the purposes of this part, including 
the systematic collection, analysis and dissemination of data. 
Such research and studies may include--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 606. TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND COOPERATION FOR FOREIGN 
                    INFORMATION ACCESS.

  (a) Authority.--The Secretary is authorized to make grants to 
institutions of higher education, public or nonprofit private 
libraries, [or consortia of such institutions or libraries] 
museums, or consortia of such entities, to develop innovative 
techniques or programs using [new] electronic technologies to 
collect, organize, preserve, and widely disseminate information 
from foreign sources on world regions and countries other than 
the United States that address our Nation's teaching and 
research needs in international education and foreign 
languages.
  (b) Authorized Activities.--Grants under this section may be 
used--
          (1) to acquire and facilitate access to or preserve 
        foreign information resources in print or electronic 
        forms;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) to develop [new means of] new means and standards 
        for shared electronic access to international data;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (6) to assist teachers of less commonly taught 
        languages in acquiring, via electronic and other means, 
        materials suitable for classroom use; [and]
          (7) to promote collaborative technology based 
        projects in foreign languages, area studies, and 
        international studies among grant recipients under this 
        title[.];
          (8) to establish linkages between grant recipients 
        under subsection (a) with libraries, museums, 
        organizations, or institutions of higher education 
        located overseas to facilitate carrying out the 
        purposes of this section; and
          (9) to carry out other activities deemed by the 
        Secretary to be consistent with the purposes of this 
        section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (e) Special Rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the 
required non-Federal share for institutions that--
          (1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A 
        or B of title III or under title V; and
          (2) have submitted a grant application under this 
        section that demonstrates a need for a waiver or 
        reduction.

SEC. 607. SELECTION OF CERTAIN GRANT RECIPIENTS.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Selection Criteria.--The Secretary shall set criteria for 
grants awarded under section 602 by which a determination of 
excellence shall be made to meet the differing [objectives] 
missions of graduate and undergraduate institutions. In keeping 
with the purposes of this part, the Secretary shall take into 
account the degree to which activities of centers, programs, 
and fellowships at institutions of higher education advance 
national interests, generate and disseminate information, and 
foster debate on American foreign policy from diverse 
perspectives.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 608. EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN FUNDS.

  (a) Selection Criteria.--The Secretary shall make excellence 
the criterion for selection of grants awarded under section 
602. Grants made under section 602 shall also reflect the 
purposes of this part.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 610. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
part $80,000,000 for fiscal year [1999] 2004, and such sums as 
may be necessary for each of the [4] 5 succeeding fiscal years.

PART B--BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 612. CENTERS FOR INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS EDUCATION.

  (a) Program Authorized.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to make 
        grants to institutions of higher education, or 
        [combinations] consortia of such institutions, to pay 
        the Federal share of the cost of planning, establishing 
        and operating centers for international business 
        education which--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (c) Authorized Activities.--
          (1) Mandatory activities.--Programs and activities to 
        be conducted by centers assisted under this section 
        shall include--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (D) collaborative programs, activities, or 
                research involving other institutions of higher 
                education (including those that are eligible to 
                receive assistance under part A or B of title 
                III or under title V), local educational 
                agencies, professional associations, 
                businesses, firms, or [combinations] consortia 
                thereof, to promote the development of 
                international skills, awareness, and expertise 
                among current and prospective members of the 
                business community and other professionals;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (e) Grant Duration; Federal Share.--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (5) Special rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce 
        the required non-Federal share for institutions that--
                  (A) are eligible to receive assistance under 
                part A or B of title III or under title V; and
                  (B) have submitted a grant application under 
                this section that demonstrates a need for a 
                waiver or reduction.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 613. EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

  (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (e) Special Rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the 
required non-Federal share for institutions that--
          (1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A 
        or B of title III or under title V; and
          (2) have submitted a grant application under this 
        section that demonstrates a need for a waiver or 
        reduction.

SEC. 614. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) Centers for International Business Education.--There are 
authorized to be appropriated $11,000,000 for the fiscal year 
[1999] 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
[4] 5 succeeding fiscal years to carry out the provisions of 
section 612.
  (b) Education and Training Programs.--There are authorized to 
be appropriated $7,000,000 for fiscal year [1999] 2004, and 
such sums as may be necessary for the [4] 5 succeeding fiscal 
years, to carry out the provisions of section 613.

           PART C--INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC POLICY

[SEC. 621. MINORITY FOREIGN SERVICE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.]

SEC. 621. PROGRAM FOR FOREIGN SERVICE PROFESSIONALS.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary is authorized to award a 
grant, on a competitive basis, to an eligible recipient to 
enable such recipient to establish an Institute for 
International Public Policy (hereafter in this part referred to 
as the ``Institute''). [The Institute shall conduct a program 
to significantly increase the numbers of African Americans and 
other underrepresented minorities in the international service, 
including private international voluntary organizations and the 
foreign service of the United States.] The Institute shall 
conduct a program to enhance the international competitiveness 
of the United States by increasing the participation of 
underrepresented populations in the international service, 
including private international voluntary organizations and the 
foreign service of the United States. Such program shall 
include a program for such students to study abroad in their 
junior year, fellowships for graduate study, internships, 
intensive academic programs such as summer institutes, or 
intensive language training.
  (b) Definition of Eligible Recipient.--
          (1) In general.--For the purpose of this part, the 
        term ``eligible recipient'' means a consortium 
        consisting of 1 or more of the following entities:
                  [(A) An institution eligible for assistance 
                under part B of title III of this Act.
                  [(B) An institution of higher education which 
                serves substantial numbers of African American 
                or other underrepresented minority students.]
                  (A) An Indian Tribal College or University or 
                Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving 
                institution eligible for assistance under title 
                III, an institution eligible for assistance 
                under part B of title III, or an Hispanic- 
                serving institution eligible for assistance 
                under title V.
                  (B) An institution of higher education which 
                serves substantial numbers of underrepresented 
                students.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  [(e) Match Required.--The eligible recipient of a grant under 
this section shall contribute to the conduct of the program 
supported by the grant an amount from non-Federal sources equal 
to at least one-half the amount of the grant, which 
contribution may be in cash or in kind.]
  (e) Match Required.--The eligible recipient of a grant under 
this section shall contribute to the conduct of the program 
supported by the grant an amount from non-Federal sources equal 
to at least one-half of the amount of the grant. Such 
contribution may be in cash or in kind. The Secretary may waive 
or reduce the required non-Federal share for institutions 
that--
          (1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A 
        or B of title III or under title V; and
          (2) have submitted a grant application under this 
        section that demonstrates a need for a waiver or 
        reduction.

SEC. 622. INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

  (a) In General.--The Institute shall award grants, from 
amounts available to the Institute for each fiscal year, to 
historically Black colleges and universities, Hispanic-serving 
institutions, Tribally Controlled Colleges or Universities, and 
minority institutions, to enable such colleges, universities, 
and institutions to strengthen international affairs programs 
and promote collaboration with colleges and universities that 
receive funds under this title.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 623. STUDY ABROAD PROGRAM.

  (a) Program Authority.--The Institute shall conduct, by grant 
or contract, a junior year abroad program. The junior year 
abroad program shall be open to eligible students at 
institutions of higher education, including historically Black 
colleges and universities as defined in section 322 of this 
Act, tribally controlled Indian community colleges as defined 
in the Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act of 
1978, Alaska Native-serving, Native Hawaiian-serving, and 
Hispanic-serving institutions, and other institutions of higher 
education with significant minority student populations. 
Eligible student expenses shall be shared by the Institute and 
the institution at which the student is in attendance. Each 
student may spend not more than 9 months abroad in a program of 
academic study, as well as social, familial and political 
interactions designed to foster an understanding of and 
familiarity with the language, culture, economics and 
governance of the host country.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 624. [MASTERS] ADVANCED DEGREE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

  The Institute shall provide, in cooperation with the other 
members participating in the eligible recipient consortium, a 
program of study leading to [a masters degree in international 
relations. The masters degree program] an advanced degree in 
international relations, international affairs, international 
economics, or other academic areas related to the Institute 
fellow's career objectives. The advanced degree study program 
shall be designed by the consortia, consistent with the 
fellow's career objectives, and designed by the consortia shall 
be reviewed and approved by the Secretary. The Institute may 
grant fellowships in an amount not to exceed the level of 
support comparable to that provided by the National Science 
Foundation graduate fellowships, except such amount shall be 
adjusted as necessary so as not to exceed the fellow's 
demonstrated level of need according to measurement of need 
approved by the Secretary. A fellowship recipient shall agree 
to undertake full-time study and to enter the international 
service (including work with private international voluntary 
organizations) or foreign service of the United States

SEC. 625. INTERNSHIPS.

  (a) In General.--The Institute shall enter into agreements 
with historically Black colleges and universities as defined in 
section 322 of this Act, tribally controlled Indian community 
colleges as defined in the Tribally Controlled Community 
College Assistance Act of 1978, Alaska Native-serving, Native 
Hawaiian-serving, and Hispanic-serving institutions, other 
institutions of higher education with significant numbers of 
minority students, and institutions of higher education with 
programs in training foreign service professionals, to provide 
academic year internships during the junior and senior year and 
summer internships following the sophomore and junior academic 
years, by work placements with an international voluntary or 
government organizations or agencies, including the Agency for 
International Development, the United States Information 
Agency, the International Monetary Fund, the National Security 
Council, the Organization of American States, the Export-Import 
Bank, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the 
Department of State, Office of the United States Trade 
Representative, the World Bank, and the United Nations.
  (b) Postbaccalaureate Internships.--The Institute shall enter 
into agreements with institutions of higher education described 
in the first sentence of subsection (a) to conduct internships 
for students who have completed study for a baccalaureate 
degree. The internship program authorized by this subsection 
shall--
          (1) * * *
          (2) be carried out with the assistance of the Woodrow 
        Wilson International Center for Scholars; and
          (3) contain work experience for the students designed 
        to contribute to the students' preparation for a 
        master's degree program[; and].
          [(4) be assisted by the Interagency Committee on 
        Minority Careers in International Affairs established 
        under subsection (c).
  [(c) Interagency Committee on Minority Careers in 
International Affairs.--
          [(1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        executive branch of the Federal Government an 
        Interagency Committee on Minority Careers in 
        International Affairs composed of not less than 7 
        members, including--
                  [(A) the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign 
                Agricultural Services of the Department of 
                Agriculture, or the Under Secretary's designee;
                  [(B) the Assistant Secretary and Director 
                General, of the United States and Foreign 
                Commercial Service of the Department of 
                Commerce, or the Assistant Secretary and 
                Director General's designee;
                  [(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Personnel and Readiness of the Department of 
                Defense, or the Under Secretary's designee;
                  [(D) the Assistant Secretary for 
                Postsecondary Education in the Department of 
                Education, or the Assistant Secretary's 
                designee;
                  [(E) the Director General of the Foreign 
                Service of the Department of State, or the 
                Director General's designee;
                  [(F) the General Counsel of the Agency for 
                International Development, or the General 
                Counsel's designee; and
                  [(G) the Associate Director for Educational 
                and Cultural Affairs of the United States 
                Information Agency, or the Associate Director's 
                designee.
          [(2) Functions.--The Interagency Committee 
        established by this section shall--
                  [(A) on an annual basis inform the Secretary 
                and the Institute regarding ways to advise 
                students participating in the internship 
                program assisted under this section with 
                respect to goals for careers in international 
                affairs;
                  [(B) locate for students potential internship 
                opportunities in the Federal Government related 
                to international affairs; and
                  [(C) promote policies in each department and 
                agency participating in the Committee that are 
                designed to carry out the objectives of this 
                part.]
  (c) Ralph J. Bunche Fellows.--In order to assure the 
recognition and commitment of individuals from underrepresented 
student populations who demonstrate special interest in 
international affairs and language study, eligible students who 
participate in the internship programs authorized under (a) and 
(b) shall be known as the ``Ralph J. Bunche Fellows''.

SEC. 626. REPORT.

  The Institute shall [annually prepare a report] prepare a 
report biennially on the activities of the Institute and shall 
submit such report to the Secretary of Education and the 
Secretary of State.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 628. AUTHORIZATION.

  There is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal 
year [1999] 2004 and such sums as may be necessary for each of 
the [4] 5 succeeding fiscal years to carry out this part.

PART D--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 632. EVALUATION, OUTREACH, AND DISSEMINATION.

  The Secretary may use not more than 1 percent of the funds 
made available for this title for program evaluation, national 
outreach, and information dissemination activities.

SEC. 633. INTERNATIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION ADVISORY BOARD.

  (a) Establishment and Purpose.--
          (1) Establishment.--There is established in the 
        Department an independent International Higher 
        Education Advisory Board (hereafter in this section 
        referred to as the ``International Advisory Board''). 
        The International Advisory Board shall provide advice, 
        counsel and recommendations to the Secretary and the 
        Congress on international education issues for higher 
        education.
          (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the International 
        Advisory Board is--
                  (A) to provide expertise in the area of 
                national needs for proficiency in world 
                regions, foreign languages, and international 
                affairs;
                  (B) to make recommendations that will promote 
                the excellence of international education 
                programs and result in the growth and 
                development of such programs at the 
                postsecondary education level that will reflect 
                diverse perspectives and represent the full 
                range of views on world regions, foreign 
                language, and international affairs; and
                  (C) to advise the Secretary and the Congress 
                with respect to needs for expertise in 
                government, the private sector, and education 
                in order to enhance America's understanding of, 
                and engagement in, the world.
  (b) Independence of International Advisory Board.--In the 
exercise of its functions, powers, and duties, the 
International Advisory Board shall be independent of the 
Secretary and the other offices and officers of the Department. 
Except as provided in this subsection and subsection (f), the 
recommendations of the International Advisory Board shall not 
be subject to review or approval by any officer of the Federal 
Government. Nothing in this title shall be construed to 
authorize the International Advisory Board to mandate, direct, 
or control an institution of higher education's specific 
instructional content, curriculum, or program of instruction. 
The Board is authorized to study monitor, apprise and evaluate 
a sample of activities supported under this title in order to 
provide recommendations to the Secretary and the Congress for 
the improvement of programs under the title and to ensure 
programs meet the purposes of the title. The recommendations of 
the Board may address any area in need of improvement, except 
that any recommendation of specific legislation to Congress 
shall be made only if the President deems it necessary and 
expedient.
  (c) Membership.--
          (1) Appointment.--The International Advisory Board 
        shall have 7 members of whom--
                  (A) 3 members shall be appointed by the 
                Secretary;
                  (B) 2 members shall be appointed by the 
                Speaker of the House of Representatives, upon 
                the recommendation of the Majority Leader and 
                the Minority Leader; and
                  (C) 2 members shall be appointed by the 
                President pro tempore of the Senate, upon the 
                recommendation of the Majority Leader and the 
                Minority Leader.
          (2) Representation.--Two of the members appointed by 
        the Secretary under paragraph (1)(A) shall be appointed 
        to represent Federal agencies that have national 
        security responsibilities, after consultation with the 
        heads of such agencies. The members of the 
        International Advisory Board shall also include (but 
        not be limited to) representatives of States, 
        institutions of higher education, cultural 
        organizations, educational organizations, local 
        education agencies, students, and private citizens with 
        expertise in international concerns.
          (3) Qualification.--Members of the International 
        Advisory Board shall be individuals who have technical 
        qualifications, professional standing, experience 
        working in international affairs or foreign service 
        occupations, or demonstrated knowledge in the fields of 
        higher education and international education, including 
        foreign languages, world regions, or international 
        affairs.
  (d) Functions of the Committee.--
          (1) In general.--The International Advisory Board 
        shall provide recommendations in accordance with 
        subsection (b) regarding improvement of programs under 
        this title to the Secretary and the Congress for their 
        review. The Board may--
                  (A) review and comment upon the regulations 
                for grants under this title;
                  (B) monitor, apprise, and evaluate a sample 
                of activities supported under this title based 
                on the purposes and objectives of this title in 
                order to provide recommendations for 
                improvement of the programs under this title;
                  (C) make recommendations that will assist the 
                Secretary and the Congress to improve the 
                programs under this title to better reflect the 
                national needs related to the homeland 
                security, international education, and 
                international affairs, including an assessment 
                of the national needs and the training provided 
                by the institutions of higher education that 
                receive a grant under this title for expert and 
                non-expert level foreign language training;
                  (D) make recommendations to the Secretary and 
                the Congress regarding such studies, surveys, 
                and analyses of international education that 
                will provide feedback about the programs under 
                this title and assure that their relative 
                authorized activities reflect diverse 
                perspectives and represent the full range of 
                views on world regions, foreign languages, and 
                international affairs;
                  (E) make recommendations that will strengthen 
                the partnerships between local educational 
                agencies, public and private elementary and 
                secondary education schools, and grant 
                recipients under this title to ensure that the 
                research and knowledge about world regions, 
                foreign languages, and international affairs is 
                widely disseminated to local educational 
                agencies;
                  (F) make recommendations on how institutions 
                of higher education that receive a grant under 
                this title can encourage students to serve the 
                nation and meet national needs in an 
                international affairs, international business, 
                foreign language, or national security 
                capacity;
                  (G) make recommendations on how linkages 
                between institutions of higher education and 
                public and private organizations that are 
                involved in international education, language 
                training, and international research capacities 
                to fulfill manpower and information needs of 
                United States businesses; and
                  (H) make recommendations to the Secretary and 
                the Congress about opportunities for 
                underrepresented populations in the areas of 
                international relations, international affairs, 
                and international economics, in order to 
                effectively carry out the activities of the 
                Institute under part C.
          (2) Hearings.--The International Advisory Board shall 
        provide for public hearing and comment regarding the 
        matter contained in the recommendations described in 
        paragraph (1), prior to the submission of those 
        recommendations to Secretary and the Congress.
  (e) Operations of the Committee.--
          (1) Terms.--Each member of the International Advisory 
        Board shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, except 
        that, of the members first appointed (A) 4 shall be 
        appointed for a term of 3 years, and (B) 3 shall be 
        appointed for a term of 4 years, as designated at the 
        time of appointment by the Secretary. A member of the 
        International Advisory Board may be reappointed to 
        successive terms on the International Advisory Board.
          (2) Vacancies.--Any member appointed to fill a 
        vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term 
        of a predecessor shall be appointed only for the 
        remainder of such term. A member of the International 
        Advisory Board shall, upon the Secretary's request, 
        continue to serve after the expiration of a term until 
        a successor has been appointed.
          (3) No governmental members.--Except for the members 
        appointed by the Secretary under subsection (c)(1)(A), 
        no officers or full-time employees of the Federal 
        Government shall serve as members of the International 
        Advisory Board.
          (4) Meetings.--The International Advisory Board shall 
        meet not less than once each year. The International 
        Advisory Board shall hold additional meetings at the 
        call of the Chair or upon the written request of not 
        less than 3 voting members of the International 
        Advisory Board.
          (5) Quorum.--A majority of the voting members of the 
        Board serving at the time of a meeting shall constitute 
        a quorum.
          (6) Chair.--The International Advisory Board shall 
        elect a Chairman or Chairwoman from among the members 
        of the International Advisory Board.
  (f) Submission to Department for Comment.--The International 
Advisory Board shall submit its proposed recommendations to the 
Secretary of Education for comment for a period not to exceed 
30 days in each instance.
  (g) Personnel and Resources.--
          (1) Compensation and expense.--Members of the 
        International Advisory Committee shall serve without 
        pay for such service. Members of the International 
        Advisory Board who are officers or employees of the 
        United States may not receive additional pay, 
        allowances, or benefits by reason of their service on 
        the International Advisory Board. Members of the 
        International Advisory Board may each receive 
        reimbursement for travel expenses incident to attending 
        International Advisory Board meetings, including per 
        diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 
        5703 of title 5, United States Code, for persons in the 
        Government service employed intermittently.
          (2) Personnel.-- The International Advisory Board may 
        appoint such personnel as may be determined necessary 
        by the Chairman without regard to the provisions of 
        title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in 
        the competitive service, and may be paid without regard 
        to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of 
        chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and 
        General Schedule pay rates, but no individual so 
        appointed shall be paid in excess of the rate 
        authorized for GS-18 of the General Schedule. The 
        International Advisory Board may appoint not more than 
        1 full-time equivalent, nonpermanent, consultant 
        without regard to the provisions of title 5, United 
        States Code. The International Advisory Board shall not 
        be required by the Secretary to reduce personnel to 
        meet agency personnel reduction goals.
          (3) Consultation.--In carrying out its duties under 
        the Act, the International Advisory Board shall consult 
        with other Federal agencies, representatives of State 
        and local governments, and private organizations to the 
        extent feasible.
          (4) Assistance from other agencies.--
                  (A) Information.--The International Advisory 
                Board is authorized to secure directly from any 
                executive department, bureau, agency, board, 
                commission, office, independent establishment, 
                or instrumentality information, suggestions, 
                estimates, and statistics for the purpose of 
                this section and each such department, bureau, 
                agency, board, commission, office, independent 
                establishment, or instrumentality is authorized 
                and directed, to the extent permitted by law, 
                to furnish such information, suggestions, 
                estimates, and statistics directly to the 
                International Advisory Board, upon request made 
                by the Chairman.
                  (B) Services and personnel.--The head of each 
                Federal agency shall, to the extent not 
                prohibited by law, consult with the 
                International Advisory Board in carrying out 
                this section. The International Advisory Board 
                is authorized to utilize, with their consent, 
                the services, personnel, information, and 
                facilities of other Federal, State, local, and 
                private agencies with or without reimbursement.
          (5) Contracts; experts and consultants.--The 
        International Advisory Board may enter into contracts 
        for the acquisition of information, suggestions, 
        estimates, and statistics for the purpose of this 
        section. The International Advisory Board is authorized 
        to obtain the services of experts and consultants 
        without regard to section 3109 of title 5, United 
        States Code and to set pay in accordance with such 
        section.
  (h) Termination.--Notwithstanding the sunset and charter 
provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. 
I) or any other statute or regulation, the International 
Advisory Committee shall be authorized through September 30, 
2009.
  (i) Funds.--The Secretary shall use not more than one-half of 
the funds available to the Secretary under section 632 to carry 
out this section.

SEC. 634. RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING 
                    INFORMATION.

  Each institution of higher education that receives a grant 
under this title shall assure that--
          (1) recruiters of the United States Government and 
        agencies thereof are given the same access to students 
        as is provided generally to other institutions of 
        higher education and prospective employers of those 
        students for the purpose of recruiting for graduate 
        opportunities or prospective employment; and
          (2) no undue restrictions are placed upon students 
        that seek employment with the United States Government 
        or any agency thereof.

SEC. 635. STUDENT SAFETY.

  Applicants seeking funds under this title to support student 
travel and study abroad shall submit as part of their grant 
application a description of safety policies and procedures for 
students participating in the program while abroad.

SEC. 636. NATIONAL STUDY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE HERITAGE COMMUNITIES.

  (a) Study.--The Secretary of Education, in consultation with 
the International Advisory Board, shall conduct a study to 
identify foreign language heritage communities, particularly 
such communities that include speakers of languages that are 
critical to the national security of the United States.
  (b) Foreign Language Heritage Community.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``foreign language heritage community'' 
means a community of residents or citizens of the United States 
who are native speakers of, or who have partial fluency in, a 
foreign language.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall submit 
a report to the Congress on the results of the study conducted 
under this section.