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                                                       Calendar No. 700
108th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session                                                     108-346

======================================================================



 
      FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
                        APPROPRIATION BILL, 2005
                                _______
                                

               September 16, 2004.--Ordered to be printed

  Filed under authority of the order of the Senate of January 7, 2003

                                _______
                                

         Mr. McConnell, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                    [To accompany S. 2812]

    The Committee on Appropriations to which was referred the 
bill (H.R. 0000), making appropriations for foreign operations 
and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2005, and for other purposes, reports the same to the Senate 
with an amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do 
pass. deg.
    The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 2812) 
making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, 
and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2005, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon and 
recommends that the bill do pass.



Amounts in new budget authority

Fiscal year 2004 appropriations......................... $38,717,018,000
Fiscal year 2005 budget estimate........................  21,360,830,000
Amount of bill as reported to Senate....................  19,578,500,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to:
    2004 appropriations................................. -19,138,518,000
    Budget estimate.....................................  -1,782,330,000



                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Glossary of Terms................................................     4
Summary of Total Budget Authority in the Bill....................     6
Introduction.....................................................     6
Title I--Export and Investment Assistance:
    Export-Import Bank of the United States......................     7
    Overseas Private Investment Corporation......................     8
    Trade and Development Agency.................................     8
Title II--Bilateral Economic Assistance:
    Bilateral Assistance.........................................     9
    Child Survival and Health Programs Fund......................     9
    Development Assistance.......................................    16
    International Disaster and Famine Assistance.................    39
    Transition Initiatives.......................................    39
    Development Credit Authority.................................    39
    Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund    39
    Operating Expenses of the United States Agency for 
      International Development..................................    40
    Capital Investment Fund......................................    40
    Operating Expenses of the Office of the Inspector General....    40
    Other Bilateral Economic Assistance:
        Economic Support Fund....................................    40
        Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States......    44
        Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
          Soviet Union...........................................    46
    Independent Agencies:
        Inter-American Foundation................................    49
        African Development Foundation...........................    49
        Peace Corps..............................................    49
        Millennium Challenge Corporation.........................    50
    Department of State:
        Global HIV/AIDS Initiative...............................    50
        International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement......    51
        Andean Counterdrug Initiative............................    52
        Migration and Refugee Assistance.........................    54
        Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund..........    55
        Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining, and Related 
          Programs...............................................    55
        Conflict Response Fund...................................    57
    Department of the Treasury:
        International Affairs Technical Training.................    58
        Debt Restructing.........................................    58
Title III--Military Assistance:
    International Military Education and Training................    59
    Foreign Military Financing...................................    59
    Peacekeeping Operations......................................    60
Title IV--Multilateral Economic Assistance:
    International Financial Institutions Summary.................    61
    International Bank for Reconstruction and Development:
        Global Environment Facility..............................    62
        International Development Association....................    62
    Inter-American Development Bank:
        Multilateral Investment Fund.............................    62
    Asian Development Bank: Asian Development Fund...............    62
    African Development Bank: African Development Fund...........    63
    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development:
        International Fund for Agricultural Development..........    63
        International Organizations and Programs.................    63
Title V--General Provisions......................................    65
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Sen- 
  ate............................................................    68
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................    68
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the 
  Senate.........................................................    69
Budget Impact Statement..........................................    70

                           GLOSSARY OF TERMS

    ACI--Andean Counterdrug Initiative
    ADB--Asian Development Bank
    ADF--African Development Foundation
    ASEAN--Association of Southeast Asian Nations
    ASHA--American Schools and Hospitals Abroad
    ATA--Anti-Terrorism Assistance
    CASS--Cooperative Association of States for Scholarships
    CCD--Consortium for Citizens and Disabilities
    CITES--Convention on International Trade in Endangered 
Species
    CSHPF--Child Survival Health Programs Fund
    CTBT--Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Preparatory 
Commission
    DA--Development Assistance
    DRL--Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights 
and Labor
    DROC--Democratic Republic of the Congo
    ERMA--Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund
    ESF--Economic Support Fund
    EU--European Union
    FAO--Food and Agriculture Organization
    FMF--Foreign Military Financing
    FSA--Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
Soviet Union
    GHI--Global HIV/AIDS Initiative
    IAEA--International Atomic Energy Agency
    IAF--Inter-American Foundation
    ICAO--International Civil Aviation Organization
    IDFA--International Disaster and Famine Assistance
    IDP--Internally displaced person
    IFAD--International Fund for Agricultural Development
    IFI--International Financial Institution
    IMET--International Military Education and Training
    IMO--International Maritime Organization
    INCLE--Department of State, Bureau of International 
Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
    IO&P--International; Organization and Programs
    IPCC--International Panel on Climate Change
    ITTO--International Tropical Timber Organization
    IUCN--World Conservation Union
    MCC--Millennium Challenge Corporation
    MDB--Multilateral Development Bank
    MEPI--Middle East Partnership Initiative
    MRA--Migration and Refugee Assistance
    NADR--Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining, and 
Related Programs
    NATO--North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    NED--National Endowment for Democracy
    NGO--Nongovernmental organization
    NLD--National League for Democracy
    OAS--Organization of American States
    OPIC--Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    OTI--Office of Transition Initiatives
    PKO--Peacekeeping Operations
    SEED--Assistance for Eastern European and Baltic States
    SPDC--State Peace and Development Council (Burma)
    TB--Tuberculosis
    TDA--Trade and Development Agency
    U.N.--United Nations
    UNAIDS--Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
    UNDP--United Nations Development Program
    UNEP--United Nations Environment Program
    UNESCO--United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural 
Organization
    UNFCCC--United Nations Framework Convention on Climate 
Change
    UN-HABITAT--United Nations Center for Human Settlements
    UNHCR--United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
    UNICEF--United Nations Children's Fund
    UNIFEM--United Nations Development Fund for Women
    USAID--United States Agency for International Development
    WFP--World Food Program
    WHO--World Health Organization
    WID--Women in Development
    WTO--World Trade Organization

                                 SUMMARY TABLE: AMOUNTS IN NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Committee
                                                                                                recommendation
                                                                                Committee        compared with
                          Item                             Budget request    recommendation     budget estimate
                                                                                                increase (+) or
                                                                                                 decrease (-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Export Assistance.......................................        $5,925,000       -$5,075,000        -$11,000,000
Bilateral Economic Assistance...........................    14,406,494,000    12,981,520,000      -1,424,974,000
Military Assistance.....................................     5,151,230,000     4,971,230,000        -180,000,000
Multilateral Assistance.................................     1,797,181,000     1,408,825,000        -316,356,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              INTRODUCTION

    In fiscal year 2004, the Committee appropriated 
$38,717,018,000 for foreign operations and related programs, 
including supplemental appropriations. This year, the Committee 
has provided $19,578,500,000, of which $19,386,000,000 is for 
discretionary spending, $150,000,000 is for emergency spending, 
and $42,500,000 is for mandatory spending.

                                TITLE I

                    EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

                Export-Import Bank of the United States

                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2004....................................................
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      $1,140,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,140,000

                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

Appropriations, 2004....................................................
Budget estimate, 2005...................................    $125,700,000
Committee recommendation................................     115,700,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $72,465,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      73,200,000
Committee recommendation................................      73,200,000

    The Committee directs the Export-Import Bank to report not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on the Bank's 
involvement with the iPSTAR project in Thailand, and, in 
particular, any prior knowledge the Bank had regarding 
potential activities of that project in Burma. The report 
should include an analysis of the financial benefits gained by 
the SPDC from the project.
    The Committee expects the Bank to consult with the 
Committee prior to initiating any future activities directly 
involving Thailand, or directly or indirectly involving Burma.
    The Committee directs the Bank to submit a report not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, detailing, for 
calendar year 2004, the following: (1) the countries where the 
Bank provided financing related to the extraction of oil, gas, 
timber, coal or other minerals; (2) whether such countries have 
in place a functioning system for accounting for income and 
expenses, the independent auditing of such accounts, and the 
publication of such accounts and audits, in connection with the 
extraction of these resources; (3) whether such countries have 
formally joined the Extractive Industries Transparency 
Initiative endorsed by the World Bank Group; and (4) the 
efforts such countries are making on their own behalf and on 
behalf of any state-owned enterprises concerned with the 
extraction of these resources to comply with the requirements 
of such Initiative, including the adoption of appropriate 
legislation to require such compliance.

                Overseas Private Investment Corporation


                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

                              DIRECT LOANS

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $23,858,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      24,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      24,000,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $41,141,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      42,885,000
Committee recommendation................................      42,885,000

                      Trade and Development Agency

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $49,705,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      50,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      49,000,000

    The Committee again recommends that TDA increase support 
for programs and activities that assist countries in improving 
aviation security and safety, including developing training 
materials to prepare countries for International Civil Aviation 
Organization audits.

                                TITLE II

                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

           UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2004....................................  $4,445,129,000
Emergency supplemental..................................     166,600,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   3,971,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   4,190,000,000

    The amounts listed in the above table for fiscal year 2004 
appropriations, the fiscal year 2005 budget estimate and the 
Committee recommendation, include funds appropriated or 
requested under child survival and health programs, development 
assistance, USAID operating expenses, USAID Inspector General 
operating expenses, mandatory retirement expenses, 
international disaster and famine assistance, transition 
initiatives, and credit programs.

                CHILD SURVIVAL AND HEALTH PROGRAMS FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................  $1,824,174,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   1,420,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,550,000,000

    The Committee provides $1,550,000,000 for the CSHPF of 
which $345,000,000 is for child survival and maternal health.
    The CSHPF supports programs and activities to reduce child 
mortality and morbidity, combat infectious diseases including 
HIV/AIDS, and address a wide range of other public health 
problems around the world. The Committee reiterates its strong 
support for a comprehensive approach to global health, with an 
emphasis on building local capacity in developing countries to 
conduct effective disease surveillance and deliver basic health 
services.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                             BLIND CHILDREN

    The Committee is concerned that 1.5 million children are 
blind, and 7 million suffer from low vision. The Committee 
notes the work of Helen Keller International and other 
organizations to assist these children. The Committee 
recommends $1,700,000 for USAID's program for children's 
blindness.

                             CHILD WELFARE

    The Committee continues to recognize the work of the Asia 
Injury Prevention Foundation's ``Helmets for Kids'' program and 
recommends that USAID support the activities of this 
organization.
    The Committee supports the work of RUGMARK International to 
improve the lives of former child laborers and carpet weavers, 
and to increase market access for child labor free rugs. The 
Committee recommends USAID consider and fund a joint proposal 
of RUGMARK and Aid to Artisans for programs in South Asia.

                  DISPLACED CHILDREN AND ORPHANS FUND

    The Committee supports programs to assist displaced 
children and orphans. The Committee is aware of the Hogar 
Divina Provindencia in Santa Tecla, El Salvador, which is home 
and school to 140 orphaned and abandoned children. The 
Committee is impressed with the services provided by the Hogar 
Divina Provindencia and recommends not less than $150,000 to 
support its activities.

                  FAMILY PLANNING/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

    The Committee recommends a total of $450,000,000 for family 
planning/reproductive health programs, of which $375,000,000 is 
made available under the CSHPF.
    The Committee is aware that unchecked population growth is 
a major cause of environmental degradation, and expects USAID 
to develop performance goals and indicators which promote 
cross-sectoral collaboration on community-based, population-
health-environment programs, and to consult with the Committee 
regarding these goals and indicators.
    The Committee is aware that in many developing countries 
there is still a large unmet need for family planning services, 
including contraceptives. This is due, in part to ignorance, 
misinformation about side effects, and fear, which can be 
effectively countered with public service announcements and 
other media programs, such as those of the Population Media 
Center. The Committee urges USAID to expand its use of the 
media to address the unmet need for family planning services. 
To be effective, these programs must be culturally sensitive 
and appropriately targeted. USAID should use surveys and other 
objective criteria for measuring results to maximize cost 
effectiveness.

                                HIV/AIDS

    The Committee again commends the President for his 
commitment to combat HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria, and provides a 
total of $2,417,000,000 from all accounts in this Act for this 
effort. This amount reflects an increase of $220,000,000 above 
the budget request.
    The breakdown follows: $600,000,000 for HIV/AIDS from the 
CSHPF account; $175,000,000 for TB and malaria from the CSHPF 
and other bilateral accounts; $1,450,000,000 from the GHI 
account; $150,000,000 designated as emergency spending; 
$29,065,000 from the FSA account; $2,106,000 from the SEED 
account; $8,559,000 from the ESF account; $270,000 from the ACI 
account; and $2,000,000 from the FMF account.
    The Committee provides a total of $400,000,000 for a U.S. 
contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and 
Malaria. The Committee strongly encourages other donors, 
particularly Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, Saudi 
Arabia, Taiwan, and the People's Republic of China, to increase 
their contributions to the Global Fund, and to fulfill their 
pledges in order to maximize the contribution by the United 
States.
    As the Global Fund's anticipated needs in fiscal year 2005 
reportedly total $3,600,000,000, the Committee expects the 
Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to consult on how best to secure 
additional U.S. contributions to the Fund, to be expended in a 
timely manner, in future appropriations Acts. The Committee 
notes that in the fourth round of proposals, the Global Fund is 
expected to increase spending on malaria programs by 20 
percent.
    The Committee directs the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator and 
USAID Administrator to communicate to all Federal departments 
and agencies, including Untied States embassies and USAID 
missions, that restrictions on the use of U.S. family planning 
assistance do not apply to organizations administering HIV/AIDS 
funds, as stipulated in the President's memorandum to the 
Secretary of State of August 29, 2003, and that well-qualified 
and experienced reproductive health organizations engaged in 
HIV/AIDS-related service delivery are to be considered for HIV/
AIDS funding, even if the organization is otherwise ineligible 
for or is not receiving U.S. family planning assistance.
    The Committee recommends that USAID and the Office of the 
Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator consider and fund the following 
activities relating to combating HIV/AIDS:
    Affordable Medicines for Africa.--The Committee supports 
innovative programs to increase access to affordable drugs in 
Africa and elsewhere, and encourages USAID and the Office of 
the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to work with Affordable 
Medicines for Africa on the establishment of a pilot project in 
Africa.
    Disabilities.--The Committee is aware that many people with 
disabilities are at heightened risk of infection with HIV/AIDS, 
and that often care and treatment is expensive and physically 
inaccessible. The Committee urges the Global HIV/AIDS 
Coordinator to take steps to ensure that appropriate HIV/AIDS 
programs, including education and palliative care, address the 
needs of people with disabilities.
    HIV/AIDS, Maternal and Child Health, and Family Planning 
Linkages.--The Committee notes the high percentage of sexually 
transmitted HIV/AIDS cases and transmission of the virus 
perinatally or during breast feeding. The Committee recommends 
that the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator promote greater linkages 
and coordination between family planning and maternal health 
programs and global HIV/AIDS activities.
    The Committee recommends that additional funds be made 
available from existing funds within this Act for USAID for the 
procurement and distribution of condoms worldwide. To the 
maximum extent feasible, taking into consideration cost, timely 
availability, and best health practices, funds appropriated by 
this Act that are made available for condom procurement should 
be made available for the procurement of condoms manufactured 
in the United States.
    JurisAids.--The Committee recognizes the importance of 
safeguarding the rights of individuals living with HIV/AIDS and 
commends JurisAids for its legal clinic pilot project in San 
Louis, Senegal. The Committee supports the development of 
additional model legal clinics to protect the rights of people 
living with HIV/AIDS in West Africa.
    Lott Carey International [LCI].--The Committee supports the 
efforts of LCI, an African-American faith-based organization, 
to mitigate the devastation caused by HIV/AIDS in Africa and 
the Caribbean, and is discouraged by the difficulties LCI has 
encountered in securing funds from USAID.
    Media Programs.--The Committee supports the work of 
YouthAIDS, an initiative of nonprofit organization Population 
Services International, which uses popular culture to mobilize 
the corporate world to reach millions of young people around 
the world with strategies for protecting themselves from HIV 
infection.
    The Committee supports other USAID-funded media programs to 
combat HIV/AIDS in Africa and elsewhere, including those 
conducted by the Population Media Center. The Committee also 
supports media programs being implemented by Internews and 
recommends expansion to India.
    Mercy Ships.--The Committee encourages USAID and the Office 
of the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to work with Mercy Ships on 
the development of a medical hospital aboard a ship to provide 
HIV/AIDS-related treatment and education to people from 
countries with high HIV infection rates.
    Needle Safety.--The Committee recognizes that the use of 
contaminated needles in developing countries contributes to the 
spread of HIV/AIDS and supports funding for programs and 
activities, consistent with the approach specified on page 683 
of the joint explanatory statement accompanying conference 
report 108-401, to address this problem.
    Orphans.--The Committee remains concerned with the care and 
treatment of HIV/AIDS orphans, many of whom are infected with 
the virus. The Committee requests the Global HIV/AIDS 
Coordinator to consult with the Committee on the implementation 
of Subtitle B of Public Law 108-25, specifically with respect 
to creative and assertive approaches to assist HIV/AIDS 
orphans, including protection of land titles and property 
rights.
    Pediatric HIV/AIDS Treatment.--As an estimated 2.5 million 
children under the age of 15 years are infected with HIV/AIDS, 
the Committee encourages high priority be given to addressing 
pediatric treatment needs, including the development and 
purchase of high-quality, low-cost pediatric formulations of 
anti-retrovirals and other HIV/AIDS medicines, pediatric-
specific training for doctors and other appropriate personnel, 
and the purchase of pediatric-appropriate diagnostic 
technologies.
    The Committee requests the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator, in 
consultation with the USAID Administrator, to submit a report 
to the Committee not later than 180 days after enactment of 
this Act describing the activities of all relevant government 
agencies regarding the treatment of children with HIV/AIDS for 
fiscal years 2003 and 2004, and proposed activities for 2005. 
For each fiscal year, the report should include: a description 
of the specific types of activities supported; the total number 
of children in treatment programs; the total amount of money 
devoted to pediatric treatment, including funding for the 
purchase of anti-retroviral drugs, pediatric-specific training 
of medical professionals and the purchase of pediatric-
appropriate technologies; and, a description of activities to 
ensure that HIV/AIDS drugs, including fixed dose combinations, 
are available in pediatric formulations, and that they include 
appropriate dosing information for all pediatric 
subpopulations. The Committee also requests the Global HIV/AIDS 
Coordinator to consult with the Committee on proposed pediatric 
treatment activities for fiscal year 2006.
    Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission and Care and 
Treatment [MTCT].--The Committee continues to support funding 
to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS as an 
integral element of prevention. The Committee urges the Global 
HIV/AIDS Coordinator to support and expand both MTCT and care 
and treatment programs.
    The Committee notes that preventing the transmission of 
HIV/AIDS from mother to child depends upon a multifaceted 
approach, including, but not limited to: voluntary and 
confidential counseling and testing services for pregnant 
women; antiretroviral prophylaxis for HIV-infected pregnant 
women and newborns; counseling and support for maternal 
nutrition and safe infant feeding practices; and preventing 
primary HIV infection in pregnant and lactating women and 
offering counseling or referral for family planning to HIV-
infected women.
    Safe Blood.--The Committee supports the efforts of Safe 
Blood for Africa, which assists African nations through 
training and technical assistance, to develop systems to ensure 
that blood supplies are screened for HIV/AIDS and other 
communicable diseases.
    United Families International Stay Alive Program 
[UFISAP].--The Committee reiterates its support for UFISAP's 
programs which focus on HIV/AIDS-preventative behavior skills 
in children, especially in Africa.
    Voice for Humanity [VFH].--The Committee supports VFH's 
programs that utilize state-of-the-art information technology 
to provide HIV/AIDS education and information to illiterate and 
semi-literate populations in Africa and elsewhere. The 
Committee provides $25,000,000 under the GHI account for 
education and informational projects that utilize state-of-the-
art information technology.
    WHO, UNAIDS, IAVI, and Microbicides.--The Committee 
recognizes WHO's role in working with governments to combat 
HIV/AIDS, and expects the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to 
continue to work closely with WHO to support efforts to build 
the capacity in AIDS-affected countries to effectively utilize 
resources from the Global Fund. The Committee recommends 
$30,000,000 for WHO's HIV/AIDS activities in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee provides that not less than $28,000,000 
should be made available for a U.S. contribution to UNAIDS, and 
notes the important role of UNAIDS in coordinating efforts to 
design national HIV/AIDS plans, expand access to HIV drugs, set 
standards for vaccine trials, and collect reliable data on the 
pandemic.
    The Committee provides that not less than $28,000,000 
should be made available for the International AIDS Vaccine 
Initiative [IAVI].
    The Committee provides that not less than $32,000,000 
should be made available to USAID to support research on and 
development of microbicides as a means of combating HIV/AIDS, 
of which up to $2,000,000 should be made available to the 
International Partnership for Microbicides.
    Women Leaders Alliance Against AIDS.--The Committee 
supports the HIV/AIDS programs and leadership training 
activities of the International AIDS Trust that specifically 
target women.

                             IMMUNIZATIONS

    The Committee supports USAID's immunization programs. The 
Committee provides $65,000,000 for The Vaccine Fund, which is 
$5,000,000 above the fiscal year 2004 level.

                      IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS

    Iodine deficiency disorder [IDD] is the leading preventable 
cause of mental retardation in children. The Committee notes 
that private funds, raised by Kiwanis International and 
implemented by UNICEF, are preventing the mental retardation of 
millions of children through programs to iodize salt. The 
Committee recommends a total of $3,000,000 for the Kiwanis/
UNICEF IDD program, including $2,000,000 from the CSHPF and 
$1,000,000 from the SEED and FSA accounts.

                            MATERNAL HEALTH

    The Committee is aware that pregnancy-related deaths exceed 
600,000 annually, most of which are preventable. The Committee 
believes that more should be done to address this urgent need, 
and recommends at least $85,000,000 for maternal health 
activities and that additional funding be made available 
specifically to reduce pregnancy-related deaths.

                       OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES

    Malaria.--Malaria kills approximately 2.7 million people 
each year, 75 percent of whom are African children under the 
age of 5 years. The Committee recommends $90,000,000 for 
USAID's anti-malaria programs, and expects USAID to increase 
support for the development of a malaria vaccine. The Committee 
supports the work of Medicines for Malaria Venture to develop 
new anti-malaria drugs. The Committee also recommends that 
USAID allocate approximately 10 percent of its funding for 
malaria programs to vaccine research and development, including 
$3,000,000 for the Malaria Vaccine Initiative.
    Polio Eradication.--The Committee notes that despite great 
progress by governments and Rotary International in eradicating 
polio (including providing polio immunization to over 2 billion 
children), public resistance to vaccination in some countries, 
especially Nigeria, and difficulties in conducting vaccine 
programs in conflict areas, threaten the success of this 
campaign. The Committee notes that a resurgence of polio would 
result in vastly greater costs to society than what is 
currently needed to eradicate polio, and recommends $32,000,000 
for this multilateral effort.
    TB.--The Committee is aware that TB is the leading killer 
of people living with HIV/AIDS, and recommends $85,000,000 for 
this purpose from all bilateral accounts in this Act.

                 PROGRAMS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

    The Committee commends the State Department for creating an 
Advisory Committee on Persons with Disabilities.
    The Committee is aware that, although USAID has had a 
policy on disability for almost a decade, it has not been fully 
implemented. Accordingly, the Committee provides that proposals 
seeking funding from USAID shall specify, when relevant, how 
the proposed program, project or activity will protect the 
rights and address the needs of people with disabilities. The 
Committee directs USAID, in consultation with relevant U.S. 
Government agencies and NGOs, to submit a report not later than 
90 days after enactment of this Act on specific recommendations 
for promoting disability rights and disability access globally.
    The Committee supports programs that address the needs of 
people suffering from physical and mental disabilities. The 
Committee provides $5,000,000 for the establishment of a Fund 
for Inclusion, Leadership, and Human Rights of People with 
Disabilities to be administered by DRL in consultation with 
USAID. Not to exceed 20 percent of these funds may be made 
available for a Disability Rights Fellowship Program at the 
State Department and USAID, and sufficient funds are to be made 
available to support an international conference on the needs 
of people with disabilities.
    The Committee requires the Secretary of State and USAID 
Administrator to designate, within their respective agencies, a 
``Disability Advisor'', who will ensure that the needs of 
people with disabilities are included, where appropriate, in 
United States policies and programs. The Committee directs the 
USAID Administrator to seek to ensure that programs, projects 
and activities administered by USAID comply fully with USAID's 
``Policy Paper: Disability'' issued on September 12, 1997.
    The Committee commends USAID's WID Office for its support 
for Mobility International USA [MIUSA], which provides 
information and training to assist foreign NGOs in including 
people with disabilities, especially women and girls, in the 
development process. The Committee recommends increased funding 
for WID so it can continue its work to ensure that 
international development programs and policies are inclusive 
of women and children with disabilities. The Committee 
recommends $500,000 for MIUSA in WID funds in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee is aware of the important role that the 
United States International Council on Disability [USICD] plays 
in advocating for the rights and needs of people with 
disabilities in developing countries, and requests USAID to 
explore ways to strengthen the capacity of USICD and other 
disability organizations involved in this work that has too 
often been neglected.
    The Committee provides $10,000,000 under the ESF account 
for wheelchairs for needy persons in developing countries. Of 
this amount, the Committee directs $5,000,000 be provided to 
Wheelchairs for the World, and expects these funds to be 
matched by private donations on a dollar-for-dollar basis.
    The Committee supports the efforts of the Center for Mind-
Body Medicine to expand the Healing Wounds of War and Terrorism 
program into Israel, the West Bank and Gaza and recommends that 
the State Department and USAID consider funding this project.

               SURGICAL ASSISTANCE AND MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee supports the work of the Surgical Implant 
Generation Network, which provides training and orthopedic 
materials to surgeons in some 30 developing countries. The 
Committee recommends USAID consider providing $1,000,000 to the 
Network.
    The Committee supports the use of enhanced medical 
technology to improve the training of medical personnel in 
developing countries and believes that the Haptic medical 
simulation technology can help accomplish this objective.

                   VITAMIN A AND OTHER MICRONUTRIENTS

    Each year, more than 2.8 million children under 5 years of 
age die in the developing world from causes related to Vitamin 
A deficiency. The Committee recommends that at least 
$30,000,000 be provided for the overall USAID micronutrient 
program, of which at least $20,000,000 should be for programs 
relating to Vitamin A deficiency.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2004....................................  $1,376,829,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   1,329,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,460,000,000

    The DA account consists of a wide range of poverty-
reduction and long-term development activities including 
democracy and the rule of law, free market development, 
agriculture and rural development, urban, environment, and 
energy, basic education, and micro-credit programs.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                    AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    The Committee supports USAID's renewed emphasis on 
agriculture, as it has long believed that agricultural 
development is critical to combating poverty. The Committee 
encourages a central role for these programs in USAID's future 
economic development and disaster relief strategies. The 
Committee also recognizes the important contributions that U.S. 
universities have made with respect to international 
agricultural development, particularly training programs. The 
Committee provides $40,000,000 for plant biotechnology 
programs.
    The Committee continues to believe that dairy development 
is an important component of U.S. foreign assistance programs 
and recommends that USAID provide at least $21,770,000, which 
is equivalent to the fiscal year 2004 funding level. The 
Committee expects that at least $10,000,000 of this amount 
should be for new projects and initiatives.
    The Committee continues to support the efforts of USAID and 
the Agriculture Department to improve the quality and 
nutritional profile of food commodities used in food aid 
programs. The Committee notes the work of the Food Aid Quality 
Enhancement Project on this issue and recommends that USAID and 
other appropriate agencies match private funds raised for this 
project.

                 AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD

    The Committee continues to recognize the important 
contributions made to U.S. foreign policy by institutions 
funded by the ASHA program and provides that not less than 
$22,000,000 should be made available to support these 
institutions in fiscal year 2005. The Committee, once again, 
expects USAID to allocate sufficient sums to administer the 
ASHA program from funds provided for Operating Expenses, so it 
will not be necessary to expend any program funds for 
administrative purposes.
    The Committee recognizes the importance of establishing and 
maintaining relationships with hospitals in developing nations, 
particularly in countries that have a high prevalence of HIV/
AIDS, where hospitals and health care systems are too often 
unequipped or under-equipped to provide prevention, care, and 
treatment to infected children and adults. The Committee urges 
USAID to work with the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to solicit 
and review applications for ASHA funding to increase the number 
of hospitals and clinics participating in the prevention, care 
and treatment of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS.
    Although the Committee understands that ASHA funds are 
available for a variety of purposes, such as construction and 
equipment, libraries, computer technology, curriculum and staff 
support, and related expenses, the Committee reaffirms its 
intention that this assistance is not for permanent budget 
support to ASHA recipients. The Committee encourages ASHA to 
give priority to institutions which demonstrate a need and a 
commitment to private fundraising to match government support.
    The Committee continues to be impressed with the 
contributions to United States interests made by several 
institutions and believes that they warrant consideration for 
further ASHA support, including Lebanese American University, 
International College; The Johns Hopkins University's Centers 
in Nanjing, China and Bologna, Italy; the Tel Aviv University: 
American Council; the Center for American Studies at Fudan 
University, Shanghai; the Hadassah Medical Organization; EARTH 
University's Center for Sustainability and Biodiversity in Cost 
Rica; the American University of Beirut; the American 
University of Cairo; Schneider Children's Medical Center of 
Israel; and the Feinberg Graduate School of the Weizmann 
Institute of Science.

                             BIRDS OF PREY

    Although best known for its efforts to recover the 
Peregrine Falcon, The Peregrine Fund continues to build a 
record of protecting birds of prey worldwide. A significant 
undertaking in the pursuit of preservation is the establishment 
of The Peregrine Fund's Neotropical Raptor Center in Panama. 
From this location, The Peregrine Fund would conduct all of its 
work in the neo-tropics. Like last year, the Committee 
recommends $500,000 to support this goal, which the Committee 
understands will be matched by private contributions.

                       CHILDREN'S BASIC EDUCATION

    Educating children in developing countries is fundamental 
to long term development. The Committee believes that USAID 
should increase its support for these activities, and provides 
$335,000,000 for children's basic education in fiscal year 
2005. The Committee expects USAID to emphasize programs that 
expand access and quality of education for girls, enhance 
community and parental participation in schools, improve 
teacher training, and build local management capacity.
    The Committee is aware of efforts to address the problem of 
public school fees in poor countries, especially in Africa. 
These fees are a significant impediment to the attendance of 
poor children in school, especially girls, who are particularly 
vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. The Committee believes that USAID 
should work with UNICEF and others to develop a multilateral, 
multi-year strategy and funding mechanism to support the 
elimination of school fees in these countries and to strengthen 
the capacity of schools to respond to the increased enrollment. 
The Committee directs USAID to report not later than 180 days 
after enactment of this Act on the development of such a 
strategy, including the estimated costs associated with the 
elimination of school fees. The Committee recommends at least 
$15,000,000 to eliminate school fees in Africa in fiscal year 
2005.

                COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH SUPPORT PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $28,000,000 for USAID's 
Collaborative Research Support Programs [CRSPS]. Last year, the 
Statement of Managers accompanying the fiscal year 2004 foreign 
operations appropriations bill recommended that $2,000,000 be 
used to establish a CRSP that focused on water security. The 
Committee requests to be updated on this initiative, and 
underscores that grants under the CRSP are awarded on a 
competitive basis.

                    COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    The Committee supports microenterprise development programs 
for the poor, especially women, and recommends that USAID 
provide at least $195,000,000 (including local currencies 
derived from U.S. assistance programs) for these activities. 
The Committee expects USAID to preserve the viability of 
leading microfinance NGO networks, including faith-based 
networks, by providing substantial funding to these entities so 
they may increase the number of people they serve. The majority 
of microenterprise development resources are to be used to 
support the direct provision of services to poor 
microentrepreneurs through these networks. The Committee 
believes that funding for administrative, procurement, research 
and other support activities not directly related to the 
delivery and management of services should be kept to a 
minimum.
    The Committee supports the development, in conjunction with 
microcredit practitioners, of poverty measurement methods as a 
means of verifying that at least half these resources are 
targeted toward the world's poorest people. The Committee 
directs that USAID report to the Committee no later than 90 
days after the enactment of this Act on the status of the 
development of these methods.
    The Committee reiterates its strong support for the 
International Executive Service Corps [IESC], and expects USAID 
to provide sufficient funding for IESC activities around the 
world.
    The Committee recognizes the importance of U.S. credit 
unions and cooperatives in promoting free market principles and 
access to credit and other banking services in developing 
countries. In particular, the Committee supports funding for 
programs in Nicaragua, Sudan, and Afghanistan that may help 
build civil society organizations, promote development, and 
address conflicts. The Committee also encourages the Global 
HIV/AIDS Coordinator to consider how existing rural and urban 
cooperatives can assist in combatting HIV/AIDS.
    The Committee supports funding for Students for Free 
Enterprise [SIFE], an organization dedicated to teaching the 
principles of free enterprise to students in developing 
countries. The Committee expects up to $3,000,000 in MEPI funds 
to be made available for SIFE programs in the Middle East.
    The Committee provides $1,000,000 for the U.S. 
Telecommunications Training Institute [USTTI]. USTTI is a 
nonprofit joint venture between the public and private sectors 
dedicated to providing tuition free communications and 
broadcast training to professionals from around the world.

                         COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee supports the activities of the Counterpart 
Communities program, which generates substantial humanitarian 
and development assistance to poor communities in the Former 
Soviet Union, Central Asia and the Middle East. The Committee 
recommends that USAID and the State Department provide up to 
$12,000,000 to expand Counterpart Communities programs in those 
regions, and to Asia, Africa and Latin America.

           COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION OF STATES FOR SCHOLARSHIPS

    The Committee continues to support the work of the CASS 
program and expects USAID to fully fund the current CASS 
agreement. The Committee notes that the CASS program is 
initiating new activities in Mexico in support of efforts to 
strengthen U.S.-Mexican relations. Given that the program has a 
long history in Haiti, the Committee urges USAID to utilize 
CASS in responding rapidly to that country's crisis.

                          ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

    Biodiversity.--The Committee provides $175,500,000 in DA 
for programs and activities which directly protect biologically 
significant areas, including forests, in developing countries, 
of which not less than $15,000,000 shall be made available to 
support a regional strategy for biodiversity conservation in 
the countries comprising the Amazon basin of South America, 
including, through organizations such as the Amazon 
Conservation Team, to improve the capacity of indigenous 
communities and local law enforcement agencies to protect the 
biodiversity of indigenous reserves. These funds are in 
addition to the amount requested for biodiversity conservation 
activities in the Amazon basin countries in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee commends the efforts of USAID's biodiversity 
team to collaborate with the Office of Population and 
Reproductive Health in support of integrated population-health-
environment programs and to commit financial resources to 
address population-related threats to biodiversity.
    The Committee reiterates its support for the Parks in Peril 
program, a partnership with the Nature Conservancy to promote 
biodiversity conservation in imperiled ecosystems in Latin 
America and the Caribbean.
    The Committee is concerned that the natural habitats of the 
Irrawaddy Dolphin and Siamese Crocodile in Southeast Asia have 
become increasingly threatened. The Committee directs USAID to 
report to the Committee not later than 90 days after enactment 
of this Act on strategies to help protect these rare species.
    The Committee remains concerned with the destruction of 
habitat of orangutans and again expects USAID to provide at 
least $2,500,000 for continued support through NGOs, including 
the Orangutan Foundation and others, for activities to protect 
the orangutan from extinction. As in the past, the Committee 
expects these funds to be used to support activities with local 
communities bordering orangutan habitat in both Borneo and 
Sumatra, including, if appropriate, to support law enforcement 
activities, and requests to be consulted prior to the 
obligation of funds. The Committee urges U.S. Embassy officials 
in Indonesia to make the prevention of illegal logging, which 
continues to be a widespread practice that is condoned and 
encouraged by the Indonesian military, a priority for U.S. 
policy.
    Over the past year, the Committee has become increasingly 
concerned with the fate of other great apes, including 
gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos, in central Africa. The 
Committee recognizes that these species will need protection 
indefinitely and directs USAID, in coordination with the U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service and other relevant Federal agencies, 
to develop a coordinated strategy for supporting efforts to 
protect great apes and their forest habitat.
    The Committee notes that there are several initiatives 
already under way, such as the Great Apes Conservation Fund, 
the Congo Basin Forest Partnership, the Pan-African Sanctuary 
Alliance, and the Great Ape Survival Project [GRASP]. 
Additional funds are urgently needed to support these efforts. 
The Committee is aware that Gombe National Park in Tanzania, 
the site of the world's oldest primate research station, is 
facing continuing threats from poaching and deforestation. With 
USAID support, the Jane Goodall Institute is promoting 
reforestation and better living conditions in communities 
bordering the park. These programs should be expanded, 
including to improve basic health and combat HIV/AIDS. The 
Committee also expects USAID to continue funding efforts to 
protect the mountain gorilla through such organizations as the 
Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International and the International 
Gorilla Conservation Program.
    The Committee provides that not less than $17,500,000 
should be made available for the Congo Basin Forest 
Partnership, of which not less than $2,500,000 is for the Great 
Apes Conservation Fund administered by the U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service, which has a proven track record in this area.
    Energy.--The Committee provides not less than $180,000,000 
to support policies and programs in developing countries that 
promote energy efficiency, renewable energy, and clean energy 
technologies, including $15,000,000 for USAID's Office of 
Energy and Information Technology. The Committee believes that 
USAID should substantially increase its support for solar 
energy technology, small scale public-private hydro power 
projects, and other small scale, renewable energy technologies 
in areas of the world, such as rural Latin America, Africa, and 
Pacific island nations, where other sources of energy are 
either not available or prohibitively expensive.
    The Committee expects USAID, the Export-Import Bank, OPIC, 
and TDA, which are participating in the Clean Energy Technology 
Exports Initiative, to continue to fully participate in and 
contribute to this nine-agency effort.
    The Committee also urges USAID to increase support for 
rural electrification infrastructure that uses such energy 
sources and provides reliable electric service as a key 
component of a comprehensive economic development strategy.

                       FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS

    The Committee recognizes that faith-based organizations 
offer USAID and the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator significant 
experience and access to local networks in Africa and the 
Caribbean. The Committee is troubled by reports that USAID's 
consideration of first-time proposals from these organizations 
is cumbersome, time consuming, and not user-friendly.
    The Committee directs the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator, in 
conjunction with USAID, to report no later than 90 days after 
enactment of this Act on a comprehensive strategy to expand the 
involvement of faith-based organizations in global HIV/AIDS 
programs including recommendations for improving USAID's 
consideration processes for first-time grantees.
    The Committee supports the work of Alaska Interfaith 
Council in the Russian Far East and Lott Carey International.

                         FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee reiterates its support of the work of the 
International Fertilizer Development Center [IFDC] and provides 
that not less than $2,300,000 should be made available for its 
core grant. The Committee also recommends an additional 
$1,700,000 to support the research and development activities 
of IFDC.

                         GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

    The Committee is aware of the high incidence of sexual and 
gender-based violence in conflict regions in Africa, and 
provides $5,000,000 for pilot programs in eastern DROC, Uganda, 
Burundi, and Liberia to address these issues. The Committee 
recommends these programs include: training for local law 
enforcement officials to improve their capacity to prevent and 
respond to sexual and gender-based violence; support for local 
crisis centers; technical assistance to the judicial sector; 
and legal assistance, medical care and other forms of support 
to the victims of these crimes.
    The Committee remains concerned with the practice of female 
genital cutting and child marriage and directs USAID, in 
consultation with the State Department, to submit a report not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act describing 
current efforts and strategies by the United States Government 
to more effectively address these issues.

                      INTERNATIONAL COFFEE CRISIS

    The Committee continues to support U.S. membership in the 
International Coffee Organization [ICO], and understands that 
while membership in the ICO will not solve the international 
coffee crisis, the ICO can be an effective mechanism for 
bringing together concerned parties to seek solutions to this 
critical issue.
    The Committee urges the State Department to move 
expeditiously to resolve the outstanding issues concerning U.S. 
membership, as this process has been ongoing for a considerable 
amount of time. The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
report on the status of U.S. membership not later than 60 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act.
    The Committee again urges USAID to increase funding for 
alternative development programs for Vietnamese coffee farmers.

                     PATRICK LEAHY WAR VICTIMS FUND

    The Committee continues to support the Leahy War Victims 
Fund, which, since 1989, has provided essential orthopedic and 
related medical, surgical, and rehabilitation assistance for 
persons who are disabled as a result of armed conflict. In 
addition to enabling amputees and other people with 
disabilities to regain mobility, the Committee supports USAID's 
efforts to increase their accessibility to mainstream 
educational, recreational and economic opportunities. The 
Committee expects USAID to provide not less than $14,000,000 
for this program in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee continues to encourage the Leahy War Victims 
Fund to increase its support for initiatives in conflict-
affected countries that will lead to appropriate disability 
laws and policies, and improvements in and the expansion of 
appropriate services and programs that are needed by people 
with physical disabilities.

                            PROPERTY RIGHTS

    The Committee again recognizes the work of the 
International Real Property Foundation [IRPF] to create private 
real estate markets and promote property rights abroad. The 
Committee provides not less than $2,000,000 for IRPF.

                            SPORTS PROGRAMS

    The Committee supports programs to enhance child health and 
development and to strengthen communities through sports 
programs. The Committee notes, in particular, the work of Right 
to Play and Special Olympics. The Committee directs USAID and 
the State Department to provide up to $5,000,000 to Right to 
Play.
    The Committee directs USAID to submit a report not later 
than 90 days after enactment of this Act, evaluating the 
health, social and economic benefits resulting from these 
programs.

                 TOXIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS DISPOSAL

    The Committee supports an initiative by the World Bank and 
the FAO to dispose of dangerous pesticides and other toxic 
agricultural chemicals in African countries. These chemicals 
pose serious risks to human health and the environment, and are 
potential lethal weapons for terrorists. The Committee believes 
that this initiative, to be sustainable, should include 
assistance to strengthen the capacity of local governments to 
collect accurate data about these risks and conduct effective 
monitoring and evaluation, and notes the work of Stone 
Environmental in Mali. The Committee urges USAID to work with 
the World Bank in this effort.

                       TRADE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    The Committee supports programs targeted toward increasing 
United States exports and believes that USAID should coordinate 
its activities with other relevant United States Government 
agencies. The Committee supports the work of the Idea Village 
International to build trade capacity in the developing world.

                          UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

    The Committee provides $40,000,000 for international 
development programs conducted by colleges and universities 
from the CSHPF, DA, ESF, SEED, and FSA accounts through the 
direction and authority of the Office of the Higher Education 
Community Liaison in USAID's Bureau for Economic Growth, 
Agriculture, and Trade. These funds are in addition to funding 
otherwise made available for these purposes.
    The Committee has, once again, received a large number of 
requests to fund specific activities at or through American 
institutions of higher education. The Committee strongly 
supports activities that advance international development and 
United States foreign policy goals. The Committee has reviewed 
the concepts proposed for funding, and recommends that USAID 
and/or the State Department (as appropriate for the proposed 
project) actively consider proposals submitted by the following 
organizations.
    Unless a proposal demonstrates a unique, innovative, or 
proprietary capability, or demonstrates special considerations 
that justify limited or non-competitive treatment, the 
Committee expects that competitive procedures will be applied 
with regard to the proposals on the list that follows. The 
Committee also expects USAID to give priority to proposals that 
have technical merit, realistic budgets, matching 
contributions, and achievable objectives.
    No later than 60 days after the submission of the report 
required by section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act, USAID 
should submit a report to the Committee on the status of each 
activity identified below. Such a report should include: (1) 
the status of the funding proposal by the organization 
associated with each activity; (2) the degree to which the 
proposal is consistent with and would advance international 
development and United States foreign policy goals for the 
country or region in which the activity would take place; (3) 
the degree to which matching or other funds would be provided 
by the organization to complement the Federal contribution; (4) 
to the extent known at the time, any decision by USAID or the 
State Department on funding the activity, including the funding 
level; and (5) any other relevant information deemed important 
by USAID or the State Department. The Committee also expects to 
receive a second report on the status of these proposals no 
later than July 1, 2005.
    With the foregoing in mind, the Committee recommends the 
following proposals for USAID and the State Department's active 
consideration:
    Alliant International University.--A collaborative project 
with the United States International University-Kenya to 
transfer technology skills to Kenyan businesses.
    Austin Peay State University.--A proposal to enhance the 
international programs and activities of the Institute on 
Global Security Studies.
    Barry University.--A program to establish academic and 
training centers to advance economic, social, and other 
opportunities for women in the developing world.
    Central State University.--A proposal, in conjunction with 
Wilberforce University and the National Association for Equal 
Opportunity in Higher Education, to implement a range of 
programs, including a virtual university consortium and an 
Institute for Emerging Democracies.
    Clemson University.--A proposal to enhance sustainable 
environmental and agricultural programs and organic production 
(particularly tropical medicinal plants) in Dominica.
    Cleveland State University.--A proposal to enhance 
municipal management and health care administration in Croatia 
and other Central European nations.
    College of William and Mary.--A proposal to enhance 
dialogue and understanding of the Middle East through the 
Middle Eastern Studies Program to Educate Global Leaders.
    Columbia University.--A program to enhance international 
environmental studies through the Earth Institute.
    Dartmouth College.--A joint proposal with the American 
International Health Alliance to continue a microsystem 
methodology program in Kosovo.
    DePaul University College of Law.--A proposal to strengthen 
criminal justice systems and enhance the protection of human 
rights in the Arab world.
    DePaul University College of Law.--A proposal to provide 
human rights training to junior and mid-level diplomats from 
the Middle East, Persian Gulf, and North Africa.
    DePaul University College of Law.--A proposal relating to 
cultural heritage preservation in Afghanistan.
    EARTH University.--A proposal to support EARTH University's 
Center for Tropical Sustainability and Biodiversity to foster 
sustainable agriculture, medicines, and preservation of natural 
resources.
    East Tennessee State University.--A proposal to expand the 
global health programs of the International Center for Rural 
Health, including among Kurdish refugees.
    Eastern Kentucky University.--A proposal for programs in 
Russia associated with an International Justice and Safety 
Institute.
    George Mason University.--A proposal to enhance programs at 
the Center for World Religions, Diplomacy and Conflict 
Resolution.
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.--A 
proposal for programs associated with a Center for Public 
Health and Human Rights, including in Burma, Russia, 
Tajikistan, China, and Thailand.
    Kirkwood Community College.--A proposal to bring vocational 
training to countries in Africa and Asia through a Visual 
Learning Center.
    La Roche College.--A proposal to expand programs to educate 
young people from conflict, post-conflict, and developing 
regions of the world.
    Louisiana State University.--A proposal to expand trade and 
commerce through commercial and civil law programs with several 
Latin American countries.
    Louisiana State University.--A proposal to provide training 
to local government officials from Central and Eastern Europe 
on measuring and assessing public opinion.
    Montana State University.--A proposal to facilitate 
international business exchange programs.
    Montana State University.--A proposal to expand 
international business programs and curricula.
    Montana State University.--A proposal to enhance activities 
associated with the International Telecommunications Training 
Institute.
    Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.--A proposal, 
in conjunction with Thomas Edison State College and the SaS 
Institute, to establish a pilot management training program for 
the training of local leaders in the Middle East and South 
Asia.
    South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.--A proposal, 
in conjunction with the Mongolian Technology Institute, to 
provide technology education, management, and training in 
Mongolia.
    South Dakota State University.--A proposal, in conjunction 
with the University of Arizona, to enhance research, exchanges 
and education with Russian, Chinese, and Central Asian 
governments and NGOs on agricultural development.
    Southern Methodist University.--A proposal for legal 
training for foreign government officials and NGO 
representatives.
    Suffolk University.--A proposal to establish a Business, 
Science, and Technology Center to enhance research in Senegal.
    Temple University.--A proposal to expand judicial training 
programs in the People's Republic of China.
    Texas A&M; University.--A proposal to expand aflatoxin 
research, particularly with respect to its effects on animal 
and human health worldwide.
    Tulane University.--A collaborative partnership with Xavier 
University and the West African Health Organization to prevent 
and treat HIV/AIDS in the security forces of Economic Community 
of West African States member countries.
    University of Alaska.--A program with Alaska Pacific 
University and the North Slope Borough and Northwest Arctic 
Borough to provide training and technical assistance to 
strengthen Chukotka's economy, develop market-driven systems 
and improve social conditions, particularly for indigenous 
people in the region.
    University of Arizona.--A proposal to support the 
activities of the International Arid Lands Consortium.
    University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.--A 
collaborative project with the American International Health 
Alliance to improve health care delivery in Russia, Latvia, and 
Moldova.
    University of Georgia.--A proposal by the Carl Vinson 
Institute of Government to create a Center for Rural Economic 
Development in Croatia.
    University of Georgia.--A proposal to reduce threats posed 
by weapons of mass destruction at the Center for International 
Trade and Security.
    University of Hawaii School of Law.--A proposal to create a 
Remedy, Reconciliation, and Reconstruction Center.
    University of Hawaii School of Law.--A proposal to create a 
Pacific Asian Judicial Training Institute.
    University of Hawaii School of Law.--A proposal to create a 
Center for Indigenous Rights.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.--A proposal to 
support planning activities associated with the creation of a 
Trans-Atlantic Commission on Ethnicity, Race, Immigration, and 
Citizenship.
    University of Kansas.--A collaborative effort with the 
Government of Azerbaijan and Azeri educational institutions to 
provide business and financial training.
    University of Kentucky.--A program relating to health 
education in Romania.
    University of Kentucky.--A proposal for coal mine safety 
programs in the former Soviet Union.
    University of Kentucky.--A proposal, in conjunction with 
three Indonesian universities, to further economic development 
opportunities in Indonesia.
    University of Louisville.--A project relating to drinking 
water systems management and maintenance in the Republic of 
Georgia.
    University of Louisville.--A collaborative project with 
several universities to assist Caribbean countries in the 
identification and development of nutraceuticals from native 
plant materials.
    University of Louisville.--A program to work with 
impoverished communities in South Africa.
    University of Louisville.--A proposal to establish a Center 
for Democracy, Human Rights and Security.
    University of Massachusetts, Boston.--A proposal concerning 
the William Joiner Fellowships in War and Social Consequences.
    University of Miami.--A proposal for the Cuba Transition 
Project to conduct research to prepare for and support Cuba's 
transition to democracy.
    University of Minnesota.--A proposal to expand the 
international Public Achievement program at the Hubert H. 
Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
    University of Missouri.--A proposal regarding comparative 
genomics of grain legumes in Vietnam.
    University of Montana.--A proposal for a demonstration rule 
of law and legal training project in Kyrgyzstan.
    University of Nebraska, Omaha.--A proposal to support the 
Community-Based, Vocational-Education Project through the 
Center for Afghanistan Studies.
    University of Nevada.--A proposal to expand the activities 
of the Center for International Water Security to help 
alleviate the world's water supply problems.
    University of Nevada, Las Vegas.--A proposal, in 
conjunction with the North American Network of Cities of 
Asylum, to help protect international dissident writers.
    University of Northern Iowa.-- A proposal to develop an 
Alliance for International Business Development and Education 
to enhance global business expertise with respect to China.
    University of South Alabama.--A proposal to enhance the 
Birth Defects Monitoring Program in Ukraine, which will allow 
additional monitoring of environmentally linked birth defects.
    University of Washington.--A proposal to enhance 
understanding with the Middle East region through the Middle 
East Information Portal.
    Utah State University.--An ongoing project to assemble a 
multinational water management organization in the Middle East.
    Utah State University.--A proposal to develop and implement 
advanced hydrological data collection and analysis techniques 
in arid regions throughout the world.
    Vermont Law School.--A proposal to strengthen China's legal 
system and governance, particularly in the area of 
environmental law, through expanding a partnership between 
Vermont Law School and Sun Yat-sen University, involving 
exchanges, training of Chinese law faculty, and the creation of 
the first environmental law clinic in China.
    Virginia Commonwealth University.--A proposal, in 
collaboration with South African universities, for HIV/AIDS 
programs.
    Western Kentucky University.--A proposal for the continued 
funding of an international journalist training program.
    Western Kentucky University.--A project to develop and 
promote safe coal practices and karst water resources in China.

                           VICTIMS OF TORTURE

    The Committee includes a new general provision to address 
the acute need for assistance for victims of torture, rape, and 
other cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment. The Committee 
notes that torture is practiced in over 60 countries and 
victims often suffer permanent physical and psychological 
disabilities. The Committee provides $15,000,000 for these 
programs from the DA and ESF accounts, including for centers 
for victims of torture that provide services consistent with 
the goals of the Torture Victims Relief Reauthorization Act of 
1999.

                           WATER CONSERVATION

    The Committee is aware that many parts of the world do not 
have access to reliable sources of drinking water, forcing 
people to spend large amounts of time in search of clean water 
to meet their basic needs. With a small amount of funding and 
equipment, a local well can be drilled. The Committee provides 
$100,000,000 for these efforts, and directs USAID to report no 
later than 90 days after enactment of this Act on funding and 
implementation of its water projects, including the number and 
location of wells drilled, and the cost per well.
    The Committee reiterates its support for the work of Water 
Missions International [WMI], a faith-based engineering 
nonprofit organization that provides safe and sustainable water 
systems for developing countries and disaster areas, and 
provides $2,000,000 for WMI to develop clean water treatment 
projects in developing countries.

                          WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000 in fiscal year 2005 
for USAID's WID Office and expects the USAID Administrator to 
strengthen the WID Office. The Office continues to integrate 
gender perspectives into USAID's programs and policies, and 
provide technical support, research and implementation of 
initiatives focused on women's economic status and legal 
rights, and girls' education.
    The Committee supports the mission of Women's Campaign 
International [WCI], which works to enhance the status of women 
through media, leadership, business, organizational, and 
public-service training in developing countries. The Committee 
recommends at least $2,500,000 for WCI in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee supports funding for Girls International 
Forum, an organization that encourages the involvement of girls 
in international efforts to improve the lives of girls and 
women. The Committee also notes the work of the Women's 
Environment and Development Organization.

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

                              AFGHANISTAN

    The Committee endorses the budget request of $929,250,000 
for assistance for Afghanistan and provides that not less than 
$504,450,000 shall be made available for humanitarian and 
reconstruction assistance.
    The Committee highlights the importance of counternarcotics 
efforts in Afghanistan, and encourages international donors, 
especially from Europe where most Afghan heroin is sold, to 
provide sufficient funding and border control resources to 
address this serious threat. In addition, the Committee 
recommends that Afghan President Hamid Karzai swiftly crack 
down on government officials and others involved in the illegal 
drug trade. The Committee provides $1,500,000 under the INCLE 
account for the International Foundation of Hope's 
Horticultural Development Program in Nangarhar Province.
    The Committee supports the establishment of a professional 
and disciplined Afghan National Army [ANA]. The Committee 
provides that funds available for assistance for the ANA should 
be made available if members of the Army have been vetted for 
any involvement in terrorism, human rights violations, drug 
trafficking, and other serious criminal activity. The Committee 
believes that information should be sought from a wide range of 
sources including human rights organizations.
    The Committee provides $50,000,000 to support programs to 
directly address the needs of Afghan women and girls. The 
Committee believes that a central goal of United States 
assistance for Afghanistan should be to strengthen and support 
Afghan women's organizations (many of them small and located 
outside of major urban areas) that have established themselves 
as effective advocates for women's rights and as trusted 
providers of assistance. Not less than $15,000,000 of these 
funds are to be made available through small grants to Afghan 
women's NGOs.
    In addition to these programs, USAID should make a 
concerted effort to ensure that gender issues are fully 
addressed in all sector programs, especially health, education, 
political participation, and women's economic empowerment. The 
Committee requests USAID to consult with the Committee on an 
effective mechanism for the expeditious disbursement of funds 
to a wide range of Afghan NGOs. As in past years, the Committee 
requests that USAID systematically track all direct grants and 
sub-grants to local NGOs and make this information available to 
the Committees and other interested parties.
    The Committee also provides $2,000,000 for reforestation 
activities, $2,000,000 for the Afghan Independent Human Rights 
Commission and other Afghan human rights organizations, and 
$2,000,000 for assistance for Afghan communities and families 
that have suffered losses as a result of military operations.

                                 BURMA

    The Committee condemns and deplores the continued assault 
on democracy in Burma and provides $15,000,000 for a range of 
activities to support the struggle for freedom in that country. 
The Committee directs that funds for cross-border humanitarian 
activities in Thailand will not be provided to any U.N. agency 
or any organization or group affiliated with the SPDC.
    The Committee calls upon the United Nations, EU and 
regional neighbors to increase pressure on the SPDC to enter 
into a meaningful reconciliation process with the NLD and 
ethnic minorities. The Committee notes the NLD specifically 
requested U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan to ``take this 
matter to the Security Council'', and strongly endorses such 
action.
    The Committee believes that under current circumstances, 
Burma's anticipated chairmanship of ASEAN in 2006 would 
undermine the legitimacy of that Association and would be a 
contradiction of the ASEAN Declaration to secure ``the 
blessings of peace, freedom and prosperity'' for Southeast 
Asian peoples.
    The Committee includes a new provision that prohibits 
assistance in this Act to the central government of any country 
that is a major provider of weapons or other defense-related 
equipment to the SPDC, as determined by the Secretary of State, 
in consultation with the Secretary of Defense.

                                CAMBODIA

    With few exceptions, the Committee again restricts 
assistance to the central Government of Cambodia and remains 
deeply concerned that corruption and the absence of the rule of 
law undermines the pace and direction of development 
activities. The Committee regrets that international donors, 
particularly the World Bank, have failed to ensure the 
financial integrity of programs and activities.
    The Committee again prohibits funding to any Khmer Rouge 
tribunal established by the Government of Cambodia, and directs 
the State Department to report within 90 days of enactment of 
this Act on the activities, if any, of the People's Republic of 
China to delay or derail such a tribunal.
    The Committee supports the Documentation Center of 
Cambodia, and expects not less than $500,000 to be made 
available under the ESF account for its programs and 
activities. The Committee provides authority for the 
establishment of an endowment for the Center.
    The Committee also provides authority for an endowment for 
an American nongovernmental organization to support 
rehabilitation programs in Cambodia for persons with physical 
disabilities.
    The Committee again expects ESF to be provided to support 
Global Witness' activities to protect Cambodia's forests.

                                 CHINA

    The Committee provides $35,000,000 under the ESF account 
for activities to support democracy, human rights, and the rule 
of law in the People's Republic of China and Hong Kong. Of 
these funds, $15,000,000 is made available for DRL, $10,000,000 
is for the NED, and $10,000,000 is for American educational 
institutions for programs and activities relating to the 
environment, democracy and the rule of law in the People's 
Republic of China, including the Vermont Law School and the 
University of Louisville.
    The Committee again provides authority to conduct programs 
in Taiwan, on a cost matching basis, that further political and 
legal reforms.
    The Committee supports the aspirations of the people of 
Hong Kong for self determination and free and fair elections, 
and deplores and condemns reports of threats and intimidation 
against Hong Kong journalists and politicians. The Committee 
supports programs that safeguard political and economic 
freedoms in Hong Kong.

                                 CYPRUS

    The Committee provides $13,500,000 from the ESF account for 
Cyprus to be used for scholarships, bicommunal projects, and 
measures aimed at reunification of the island and designed to 
reduce tensions and promote peace and cooperation between the 
two communities on Cyprus.
    The Committee notes with disappointment the lack of 
consultation prior to the State Department's pledging of funds 
at the Cyprus donor conference earlier this year. The Committee 
directs that it be consulted prior to the announcement of 
pledges at international donor conferences.

                    DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

    The Committee remains concerned with ongoing insecurity, 
political instability, and human rights abuses in DROC, 
including gender-based violence against women. The Committee 
deplores and condemns the rape, assault, and torture of women 
in DROC.
    The Committee supports an assistance strategy for DROC that 
includes: increased security and governance through the 
establishment of professional military and police forces; 
greater accountability through the development of an 
independent judiciary; initiation of reconciliation programs, 
especially in eastern DROC; and medical and psychological care 
to the victims of atrocities in DROC, particularly rape.
    The Committee commends the work of O Kapi Radio to provide 
news and information to the people of DROC where communications 
and transportation is severely limited. The Committee expects 
USAID and the State Department to provide $300,000 to help 
repair a shortwave antenna in order to improve O Kapi Radio's 
broadcast range in that country.

                   DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF TIMOR-LESTE

    The Committee provides $22,000,000 in ESF assistance for 
East Timor, which is $8,500,000 above the budget request. The 
Committee continues to follow with interest negotiations 
between East Timor and Australia over petroleum reserves, and 
again encourages all parties to negotiate in good faith in 
accordance with international legal principles.

                                ETHIOPIA

    The Committee notes with concern reports of ethnic violence 
in southwestern Ethiopia, in particular allegations of 
atrocities committed by the Ethiopian military against Anuak 
civilians. While the Committee recognizes and appreciates the 
efforts of the Government of Ethiopia to combat international 
terrorism, these reported cases of human rights violations must 
be credibly investigated and prosecuted. In addition to 
facilitating the return of refugees and IDPs, the Government of 
Ethiopia should allow international human rights and 
humanitarian organizations access to this area, and work to 
restore property rights and economic opportunities to those 
returning to the region. Failure to do so will result in a 
reevaluation of military assistance to Ethiopia.
    The Committee directs the State Department to report within 
180 days after the enactment of this Act on the extent of human 
rights abuses committed in southwestern Ethiopia, efforts by 
the Government of Ethiopia to investigate and bring to justice 
the perpetrators of these abuses and measures taken by the 
State Department and other relevant U.S. Government agencies to 
provide humanitarian assistance to the region and to vet 
assistance to the Ethiopian military, consistent with the Leahy 
Law. The report shall also include an assessment concerning the 
credibility of the efforts of the Government of Ethiopia on 
this issue.

                                 HAITI

    The Committee endorses the budget request for Haiti from 
the FMF, IMET, and Peace Corps accounts, and provides 
$10,000,000 in INCLE funds, $20,000,000 in CSHPF, $25,000,000 
in DA, and $25,000,000 in ESF. The total amount of funds 
available for Haiti in this Act is $82,524,000.
    The Committee notes the recent donors conference which 
resulted in substantial pledges for assistance for Haiti, and 
expects the State Department to identify specific, achievable 
benchmarks for the disbursements of assistance, particularly 
with respect to economic, political and judicial reforms.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report within 90 days after enactment of this Act on a 
multiyear assistance strategy for Haiti. The Committee remains 
concerned with the deteriorating security situation in Haiti 
caused by former military and police personnel and other armed 
groups, and recommends that the U.N. Stabilization Mission in 
Haiti take more assertive steps to counter the illegal 
activities of these groups. The Committee believes that 
priority for U.S. assistance funds should be given to restoring 
security, rebuilding a professional police force, strengthening 
the rule of law, combating HIV/AIDS and other health crises, 
combating poverty, preparing for elections, and protecting 
Haiti's environment. The Committee provides $2,000,000 for the 
Hillside Agriculture Production program.
    The Committee recognizes that public health begins at the 
community level, and provides $2,000,000 to Zanmi Lasante for 
public health programs (including HIV/AIDS, TB, and child 
survival) in additional sites in the Central Plateau, Hinche, 
and Thomassique. The Committee expects USAID to consider a 
proposal by Konbit Sante in a fair and timely manner.
    The Committee's longstanding concerns with deforestation in 
Haiti were reinforced with the May 2004 floods and mudslides 
which caused widespread death and destruction. The Committee 
requires the USAID Administrator to consult with Haitian 
officials and local NGOs and communities, and appropriate 
international organizations to devise a reforestation strategy 
for areas in Haiti that are vulnerable to erosion which pose 
significant danger to human health and safety. The USAID 
Administrator is to submit a report on such a strategy, 
including funding requirements.

                               INDONESIA

    The Committee endorses the budget request for Indonesia but 
believes that significant additional resources are required to 
further political, economic, and social reforms and mitigate 
the ability of Islamic extremists to recruit terrorists and 
operate throughout the country.
    The Committee notes that, while imperfect, recent elections 
in Indonesia underscore the compatibility of Islam and 
democracy and encourages USAID and the State Department to 
utilize this experience, where appropriate, in programs and 
activities in the Middle East and South Asia.
    The Committee provides $3,000,000 to Internews to continue 
media programs in Indonesia and cautions USAID against 
prematurely terminating free and independent media activities 
in that country. The Committee deplores the Government of 
Indonesia's decision to expel representatives from the 
International Crisis Group from Jakarta and is concerned that 
other international NGOs working to strengthen democracy, human 
rights, and the rule of law may be similarly targeted by the 
Indonesian Government.
    The Committee again restricts FMF assistance and exports of 
lethal defense articles to Indonesia, and provides IMET 
assistance if the Secretary of State determines that the 
Indonesian Government and Armed Forces are cooperating with the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the August 
31, 2002 murders of American and Indonesian citizens in Timika. 
The Committee does not support the use of ESF for police 
training and related activities in Indonesia, and directs the 
State Department to use INCLE funds for such purposes.
    The Committee shares the State Department's dismay and 
disappointment with the acquittal of Indonesian military 
officers in connection with the 1999 atrocities in East Timor 
and the performance and record of the ad hoc tribunal.
    The Committee is alarmed by reports that the Indonesian 
military is preventing IDPs in Aceh from receiving assistance 
from humanitarian relief organizations. The Committee expects 
the State Department to use its influence with the Government 
of Indonesia to ensure that international relief, media and 
human rights organizations have unimpeded access to this area, 
and urges the Government of Indonesia to use maximum restraint 
in military operations in Aceh to safeguard the lives of 
innocent civilians.

                                  IRAN

    The Committee supports the efforts of those in Iran seeking 
political and economic freedom and provides not less than 
$3,000,000 for programs and activities that advance democracy 
and human rights in that country.
    The Committee remains concerned with reports of Iranian 
interference in the reconstruction of Iraq and with efforts by 
Iran to develop nuclear capabilities.

                                 KENYA

    The Committee notes that the end of the Moi era in Kenya 
was widely expected to lead to significant political and 
economic progress, including an end to rampant corruption. 
However, while some progress has been made, the Committee is 
deeply concerned with continuing reports of corruption which 
undermines Kenya's development. Accordingly, the Committee 
provides $10,000,000 in ESF for Kenya, an increase of 
$2,000,000 above the budget request. These additional funds are 
to be used to support programs to improve governance and combat 
corruption.
    The Committee supports the work of the Greenbelt Movement, 
an indigenous NGO that focuses on environmental conservation 
and economic development. The Committee recommends not less 
than $250,000 for the Greenbelt Movement to support 
reforestation in Kenya's mountainous areas, which are a key 
source of water for irrigation and drinking.

                                  LAOS

    The Committee notes the success of USAID's health care 
programs in Laos, which are conducted through NGOs, and expects 
a total of $2,000,000 to be provided for assistance for Laos 
from the CSHPF and DA accounts. The Committee again notes the 
abysmal human rights record of the Government of Laos.

                                LEBANON

    The Committee provides $35,000,000 for assistance for 
Lebanon, of which not less than $4,000,000 should be made 
available to American educational institutions for scholarships 
and direct support.
    The Committee is deeply disappointed that past efforts to 
secure the return of American children abducted to Lebanon and 
Syria have been unsuccessful. The Committee is aware of cases 
in which the Lebanese Government has failed to enforce the 
orders of the Lebanese civil courts. These unresolved cases 
will continue to be an obstacle to closer relations between the 
United States and the Lebanese and Syrian governments.

                                LIBERIA

    The Committee commends the State Department and USAID for 
their work in support of reconstruction and reconciliation in 
Liberia and recognizes that numerous development challenges 
remain throughout that country. The Committee endorses the 
budget request for ESF, INL, and CSHPF for Liberia but believes 
that additional DA resources are necessary to address drug 
addiction among former combatants, rebuild infrastructure, and 
support an independent monitor of Liberia's timber resources. 
The Committee, therefore, provides an additional $8,000,000 in 
DA to respond to these critical needs, and an additional 
$30,000,000 in FMF assistance to continue to rebuild the 
Liberian armed forces. The Committee expects funds for these 
purposes to be included in the fiscal year 2006 budget request.
    The Committee is pleased that the Special Court for Sierra 
Leone [SCSL] has commenced trials of persons charged with 
committing atrocities during Sierra Leone's civil war and 
commends the recent decision of the SCSL to reject the head of 
state immunity motion filed by Charles Taylor. The Committee 
believes that Taylor should answer the charges brought against 
him by the SCSL and encourages the State Department to work 
with the Governments of Liberia and Sierra Leone to secure the 
transfer of Taylor to the SCSL from Nigeria. The Committee is 
disappointed that fewer than half of the members of the 
Liberian Assembly voted on a resolution urging the Government 
of Nigeria to transfer Taylor to the SCSL. The Committee urges 
the Government of Liberia to reconsider this resolution in a 
timely manner and with the full Liberian Assembly's 
participation.

                                MONGOLIA

    The Committee endorses the budget request for Mongolia, and 
appreciates that country's contributions to reconstruction 
efforts in Iraq. The Committee continues to support political, 
economic and legal reforms in Mongolia.

                                 NEPAL

    The Committee remains concerned with the Maoist insurgency 
in Nepal, including the recent upsurge in Maoist violence 
across the country, and reports of human rights abuses 
committed by the rebels and Nepalese government security 
forces. The Committee recommends not less than $100,000 be 
provided for the Nepalese Human Rights Commission to strengthen 
its capacity to investigate human rights violations, and 
requests the State Department to consult with the Committee on 
the application of the Leahy Law in Nepal, progress in 
investigating and punishing human rights abuses, and 
preparations for free and fair elections in that country.

                        NICARAGUA AND GUATEMALA

    The Committee commends the efforts of the Governments of 
Nicaragua and Guatemala to combat corruption. Strict new laws 
are being written and former high ranking officials are being 
charged and prosecuted, which are important steps toward ending 
the long legacy of impunity in those countries. Efforts are 
also being undertaken to reform state institutions, through 
modernization of the legal process and the use of new 
information technologies, to increase accountability and 
transparency of government actions. However, difficult 
obstacles remain. To support these efforts the Committee 
provides additional funding above the budget request for both 
countries.
    The Committee recommends not less than $250,000 for the 
Procuraduria de la Republica in Nicaragua to strengthen its 
capacity to conduct anti-corruption activities.
    The Committee recommends not less than $250,000 for the 
Fiscalia de Anti-corruption in Guatemala to strengthen its 
capacity to conduct anti-corruption activities.
    The Committee recognizes the important work of the Fabretto 
Children's Foundation in Nicaragua, which provides 
opportunities for children in Nicaragua to escape poverty. The 
Committee recommends that not less than $1,500,000 should be 
made available for the Foundation.
    The Committee urges USAID to provide up to $250,000 to the 
Center for International Rehabilitation to design and field-
test a model for early screening and intervention for children 
with developmental disabilities in Nicaragua that can be 
replicated in other developing nations.
    The Committee encourages USAID to support the Polus Center 
Mobility and Social Access project in Leon, Nicaragua to assist 
individuals who have lost limbs due to acts of war, landmines 
or disease.

                              NORTH KOREA

    The Committee provides that funding under the MRA account 
should be made available to international organizations for 
assistance for refugees from North Korea.

                                PAKISTAN

    The Committee endorses the request of $700,050,000 for 
assistance for Pakistan, of which $300,000,000 is provided 
through the ESF account and $300,000,000 through the FMF 
account. Debt relief authority is provided for Pakistan for up 
to $200,000,000 from ESF funds.
    While the Committee appreciates Pakistan's significant 
contributions to the ongoing global war against international 
terrorism, it remains concerned with the slow pace of 
democratic development of that country.
    The Committee provides that not less than $10,000,000 
should be made available to support programs conducted by 
indigenous organizations that seek to further education, 
health, employment and other opportunities for the people of 
Pakistan. Of this amount, up to $4,000,000 should be made 
available to the Pakistan Human Development Fund and $1,000,000 
for the Amanut Society. The Committee encourages USAID to 
continue to work with these groups to ensure the maximum 
effectiveness of programs.

                                 RWANDA

    The Committee continues to support assistance for Rwanda to 
reduce poverty, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other infectious 
diseases, promote reconciliation and democracy, punish those 
responsible for genocide, and conserve wildlife habitat. The 
Committee is concerned that Interahamwe forces who were 
involved in the 1994 genocide continue to threaten Rwanda from 
sanctuaries in DROC, and urges increased international efforts 
to apprehend the leaders of these forces for prosecution before 
the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and to 
facilitate the return of Rwandan refugees. The Committee is 
concerned with reports that the Rwandan military is supporting 
Congolese rebels and that forested areas abutting the Virunga 
National Park, a World Heritage site, are being destroyed by 
migrants. The Committee calls upon the Governments of Rwanda, 
Uganda, and DROC to constructively work together and with 
international organizations, including the United Nations, to 
resolve this crisis. The Committee believes that additional 
U.N. forces are needed in the area.
    The Committee supports the Fiber and Craft Entrepreneurial 
Development Center's programs to provide knitting machines to 
refugees and needy women in Rwanda and to help them market 
their products.

                              SIERRA LEONE

    The Committee supports the budget request for Sierra Leone, 
including $5,000,000 under the ESF account. The Committee 
expects USAID to provide not less than $7,000,000 in DA for 
Sierra Leone, a portion of which should be targeted toward 
democracy and political party development programs. The 
Committee notes the urgent need for economic opportunities for 
demobilized soldiers in that country and urges USAID to direct 
additional resources for this purpose.

                                SOMALIA

    The Committee is concerned that the budget request for 
assistance for Somalia under the DA account is only $986,000. 
The Committee requests USAID and the State Department to take a 
more active role to assist local efforts to promote peace and 
development in that country and recommends that not less than 
$5,000,000 in DA be provided to support secular education and 
strengthen civil society, particularly in Somaliland and 
Puntland.

                                 SUDAN

    The Committee provides more than $615,000,000 for 
assistance for Darfur, Sudan and the region, including 
$394,000,000 from the State Department's anticipated fiscal 
year 2005 allocation, $150,000,000 transferred from funds 
previously appropriated for assistance for Iraq in Public Law 
108-106 to the IDFA account, and additional assistance from the 
MRA and ERMA accounts. The Committee recognizes that funding 
levels for Sudan are subject to change due to the unstable 
situation in Darfur. The Committee requests the State 
Department to consult within 30 days after enactment of this 
Act on the total amount of funding for Darfur, Sudan and the 
region. The Committee directs that if a budget request for the 
funds provided in this provision is not submitted to Congress, 
the State Department should submit a report to the Committee 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this Act describing 
the reasons why this authority was not utilized
    The Committee deplores the policies of the Government of 
Sudan which have resulted in the systematic destruction of 
villages, the deaths of tens of thousands of people, the 
displacement of more than 1 million people in Darfur, and 
impeded the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the region.
    The Committee supports the use of assistance provided under 
the ESF account for aid to the National Democratic Alliance of 
Sudan to strengthen its ability to protect civilians from 
attacks, slave raids, and aerial bombardment by the Sudanese 
Government forces and its militia allies. The Committee notes 
that such aid includes non-lethal, non-food aid such as 
blankets, medicine, fuel, mobile clinics, water drilling 
equipment, communications equipment to notify civilians of 
aerial bombardment, non-military vehicles, tents, and shoes.

                                THAILAND

    The Committee notes with concern increased acts of 
terrorism in Thailand and the initial ineffective response of 
the Thai Government to violence in Southern Thailand.
    The Committee believes that the Thai Government's continued 
crack down on Burmese democracy activists, forced deportations 
of Burmese, and closure of democracy promotion conferences in 
Thailand are indications of the erosion of liberty in Thailand. 
The Committee provides $4,000,000 to promote democracy and 
human rights and $1,000,000 to promote media freedom, in 
Thailand. The Committee recommends a portion of these funds to 
be targeted to programs and activities in Southern Thailand. 
With the exception of democracy and human rights programs, the 
Committee conditions assistance to the central government of 
Thailand on a determination by the Secretary of State that 
Thailand: (1) supports the advancement of democracy in Burma; 
(2) is not hampering the delivery of assistance to people in 
Thailand who have fled Burma; and (3) is not forcibly 
repatriating Burmese.

                                 TIBET

    The Committee continues its strong support of activities 
which preserve cultural traditions and promote sustainable 
development and environmental conservation in Tibetan 
communities in the Tibetan Autonomous Region and in other 
Tibetan communities in China. The Committee provides $4,000,000 
in ESF for such programs. The Committee also provides $250,000 
in ESF to the NED for programs relating to Tibet.
    The Committee directs that $2,000,000 should be provided to 
The Bridge Fund and that the balance of funds be made available 
on a fully competitive basis.
    The Committee strongly encourages the State Department's 
Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues to convene coordinating 
conferences on Tibet for appropriate United States Government 
agencies and NGOs.

                                 UGANDA

    The Committee remains concerned that the 18-year conflict 
between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army 
[LRA] has severely undermined that country's development and 
compromised stability in the region. The Committee is concerned 
with the lack of protection afforded to the ``night commuters'' 
by the Government of Uganda and the international community, 
and believes that the State Department and USAID should provide 
additional resources--above that which is currently being 
provided--to enhance protective measures for these vulnerable 
children. The Committee expects funds from IDFA, MRA and ERMA 
to be utilized to address this issue.
    The Committee expects the State Department to encourage the 
United Nations to ensure that a high profile coordinator for 
Uganda is appointed to facilitate humanitarian access and 
protection for at-risk populations, and to press Ugandan 
President Museveni to permit international human rights 
monitors to protect civilians and investigate allegations of 
abuses by the LRA and the Ugandan military. The State 
Department should also urge the Government of Uganda to make 
protection of civilians a higher priority.
    Although no funding was included in the budget request, the 
Committee recommends $2,000,000 in FMF for non-lethal military 
equipment for Uganda, contingent on the government making 
significant improvements in the protection of human rights, 
professionalization of the Ugandan armed forces, and the 
prevention of recruitment of children into armed militias and 
demobilization of existing militias.
    The Committee expects the State Department to apply the 
Leahy Law when providing assistance to Ugandan security force 
units, and, should security conditions permit, the Committee 
supports a significant increase in assistance to people who 
have been affected by the conflict.

                                ZIMBABWE

    The Committee continues to be concerned by the economic and 
political crisis in Zimbabwe and condemns the policies of the 
Mugabe regime, particularly the actions of youth militias which 
have engaged in torture and other human rights abuses. The 
Committee strongly endorses USAID's democracy and governance 
programs in Zimbabwe, and includes a provision in the bill 
restricting U.S. support for assistance to that country from 
international financial institutions.

              INTERNATIONAL DISASTER AND FAMINE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $253,993,000
Emergency supplemental..................................     110,000,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     385,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     385,500,000

    The Committee provides $385,500,000 for IDFA programs, 
which is equal to the budget request.

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $54,676,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      62,800,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,000,000

    USAID's OTI provides assistance to bridge the gap between 
emergency relief and long-term development programs. The 
Committee reiterates its support for OTI's programs and 
activities, and regrets that budget constraints prevented the 
Committee from fully funding the budget request.

                      DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

                             (BY TRANSFER)

Appropriations, 2004....................................   ($21,000,000)
Budget estimate, 2005...................................    (21,000,000)
Committee recommendation................................    (21,000,000)

                           OPERATING EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2004....................................      $7,953,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................       8,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       8,000,000

     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $43,859,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      42,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      42,500,000

    The Foreign Service retirement and disability fund is a 
mandatory expense of USAID.

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $600,536,000
Emergency supplemental..................................      40,000,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     623,400,000
Committee recommendation................................     600,000,000

    The Committee reiterates its concern with USAID's deficient 
financial, procurement, and personnel management systems, and 
recognizes that solving these problems will be costly. However, 
the Committee is encouraged by USAID's efforts to confront its 
management challenges, and its attempt to rationalize the 
distribution of its overseas workforce.
    The Committee urges USAID and the State Department to 
streamline its internal clearance processes concerning 
Congressional notification procedures. USAID and the State 
Department should consult with the Committee on this issue no 
later than 60 days after enactment of this Act.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $81,715,000
Emergency supplemental..................................      16,600,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      64,800,000
Committee recommendation................................      59,000,000

    The Committee expects to be consulted promptly on the 
overseas requirements of this fund.

       OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $34,794,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      35,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      35,000,000

    The Committee commends the Office of the Inspector General 
for its oversight of USAID projects and activities in Iraq.
    The Committee notes that funds appropriated to the 
Inspector-General of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA-
IG) under Public Law 108-106 cannot be made available to the 
USAID-IG or to any other entity following the termination of 
the CPA-IG without enactment of legislation on this issue.

                  Other Bilateral Economic Assistance


                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................  $2,119,919,000
Emergency supplemental..................................     872,000,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   2,511,500,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,470,000,000

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                           CONFLICT DIAMONDS

    The Committee provides $2,500,000 in the ESF account to 
implement the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme [KPCS] 
which seeks to curtail the flow of conflict diamonds, and urges 
the State Department to include funding for this purpose in the 
fiscal year 2006 budget request. The Committee recommends that 
the State Department and other relevant U.S. Government 
agencies review the requirements of the KPCS and U.S. laws and 
regulations implemented pursuant to the Scheme to more 
effectively inhibit the trade in conflict diamonds. The 
Committee requests the State Department to consult with the 
Committee on ways to strengthen this important regime and U.S. 
implementation of the KPCS.

                           DEMOCRACY PROGRAMS

    The Committee continues its strong support of democracy, 
human rights and rule of law programs, particularly in 
countries in the Middle East and Asia.

   DEMOCRACY, TRANSPARENCY, AND THE RULE OF LAW IN ISLAMIC COUNTRIES

    The Committee provides $25,000,000 for programs and 
activities which foster democracy, human rights, civic 
education, women's development, press freedom, and the rule of 
law in countries with a significant Muslim population. Of these 
funds, the Committee provides $15,000,000 for DRL's Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund and $5,000,000 for the NED. The 
Committee again includes $3,000,000 for professional training 
for journalists. The Committee provides authority for 
democracy, human rights, and rule of law programs in Syria.
    The Committee condemns and deplores acts of violence 
against Iraq's Christian minority. The Committee notes Iraq's 
long tradition of peaceful relations between Muslims and 
Christians and is concerned that these acts of violence are a 
deliberate effort to foment religious and civil discord, 
jeopardizing religious freedom and social stability. The 
Committee urges the State Department to use its influence with 
the Iraqi Transitional Government to provide security for 
religious minorities and promote and protect religious freedom.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act 
describing the total amount of funding the Iraqi National 
Congress received from the State Department and the uses of the 
funds (including an assessment of whether the funds were used 
for publicity or propaganda purposes in the United States), and 
the amount (if any) in unallowable costs that have been 
determined to be owed to the United States Government and a 
description of efforts undertaken to collect amounts owed.

                  DENIAL OF VISAS TO CORRUPT OFFICIALS

    The Committee supports the President's January 12, 2004 
proclamation that current and former corrupt public officials 
(and their family beneficiaries) will be denied entry into the 
United States, and directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report to the Committee not later than 60 days after enactment 
of this Act setting forth procedures and guidelines for 
implementing the proclamation and for making public the names 
of those individuals who have been denied entry.

                       FREE AND INDEPENDENT MEDIA

    The Committee supports programs and activities that promote 
free and independent media. The Committee notes the success of 
NGOs, such as Internews, in conducting these programs in 
predominantly Muslim countries, including Pakistan and 
Afghanistan.
    Given concerns that insufficient funding has been requested 
for media programs in Indonesia, the Committee provides 
$3,000,000 to Internews to build the professional and technical 
skills of regional broadcast media in that country.
    The Committee expects the State Department and USAID to 
provide funding for media programs in Pakistan, Afghanistan, 
Thailand, Cambodia, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. 
Further, the Committee encourages funding for regional training 
programs for journalists, including those in Southeast Asia. 
The Committee provides $3,000,000 for programs that provide 
professional training for journalists, of which $2,000,000 is 
made available to Internews.

                         MIDDLE EAST COUNTRIES

    In 1998, the United States reached agreements with the 
Governments of Israel and Egypt to reduce the levels of ESF 
assistance for these countries over a 10-year schedule. In 
accordance with this schedule, the Committee provides 
$360,000,000 for Israel and $535,000,000 for Egypt for fiscal 
year 2005. The Committee provides $250,000,000 for assistance 
for Jordan, which reflects the budget request.
    The Committee provides a 2-year extension of the loan 
guarantee program for Israel, and notes that the terms and 
agreements of the original loan remain unchanged.
    As Israel uses FMF funds to pay for IMET training, the 
Committee believes that the pricing for this training should be 
equivalent to that provided to IMET-recipients. The Committee 
notes that this will maximize the use and efficiency of 
taxpayers' dollars. The Committee requests the State Department 
to consult with the Committee on other countries that use FMF 
funds to pay for IMET training and ways to ensure that the 
lowest rates possible are charged for this training.
    The Committee recognizes that economic development in Gaza 
and the West Bank is essential to security and stability in 
those areas. The Committee requests USAID to consult with the 
Committee on how its programs can be used most effectively in 
the future, if political and security developments in Gaza, in 
particular, move forward.
    The Committee directs USAID to report not later than 90 
days after enactment of this Act on ways it plans to support 
the United States-Israel Cooperative Development Program and 
Israel's Center for International Cooperation [MASHAV]. The 
Committee encourages USAID to consider funding ongoing 
Cooperative Development Research [CDR] programs and the CDR/
Central Asian Republic program.
    The Committee recommends that the State Department consider 
funding a proposal by ELEM/Youth in Distress that seeks to 
address the plight of youth living on the streets of Israeli 
cities.

                   MIDDLE EAST PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE

    The Committee supports MEPI, and recommends $4,500,000 for 
scholarship programs for students from countries with 
significant Muslim populations at accredited American higher 
education institutions. The Committee expects MEPI funds to 
support projects that empower women and children.
    The Committee is aware of a joint proposal by Landmine 
Survivors Network and ResCare to assist underserved 
populations, including people with disabilities, in several 
Middle East countries, which may be appropriate for MEPI 
funding.
    The Committee notes the work of Vital Voices Global 
Partnership to equip women leaders in the Middle East with the 
skills and resources to participate effectively in the 
economic, social and political development of their respective 
countries. The Committee recommends funding for this 
initiative.

                  PARTNERSHIP TO ELIMINATE SWEATSHOPS

    The Committee supports the Partnership to Eliminate 
Sweatshops and provides $2,000,000 under the ESF account for 
this program.

                        RECONCILIATION PROGRAMS

    The Committee provides $15,000,000 under the ESF account to 
support reconciliation programs and activities which bring 
together individuals of different ethnic, religious and 
political backgrounds from areas of civil conflict and war. The 
Committee notes the strong bipartisan support for these 
programs, which seek to promote understanding, mutual respect 
and reconciliation throughout the world. The Committee believes 
that the following organizations are among those deserving 
consideration and support:
  --The Arava Institute for Environmental Studies, which 
        manages programs that bring college age Arabs and 
        Israelis together to promote better relations and solve 
        common environmental problems;
  --Facing History and Ourselves, to expand conflict resolution 
        and democracy in Colombia, the Czech Republic, 
        Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Northern Ireland, Rwanda and 
        South Africa;
  --Seeds of Peace, which promotes understanding between 
        teenagers in the Middle East, South Asia, Cyprus, and 
        the Balkans;
  --Jerusalem International YMCA, which brings together 
        Christian, Jewish and Muslim youth in a positive 
        environment that promotes peace, respect and 
        understanding; and
  --Interns for Peace, which unites youth, women and diverse 
        ethnic groups in cooperative development in the Middle 
        East and elsewhere.

                      TERRORISM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

    The Committee supports a coordinated strategy to undermine 
the ability of terrorists to gain footholds in Muslim 
communities throughout Southeast Asia. The Committee believes 
that, in addition to counterterrorism assistance, development 
aid (such as basic education, health care, and support for 
civil society and democratic political parties) can be an 
effective bulwark against extremism--if appropriately targeted 
and adequately funded. The Committee continues to be alarmed by 
terrorist activities in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, 
Malaysia and Cambodia.
    The Committee includes a new general provision providing 
FMF assistance to a number of countries in the region to 
enhance security in Asia. The Committee supports programs 
targeted toward increasing maritime security capabilities, 
including in Indonesia.
    The Committee again supports the efforts of the Alliance 
for Reform and Democracy in Asia [ARDA] to further democracy, 
human rights and the rule of law throughout the region. In 
particular, the Committee appreciates the activism of ARDA in 
the struggle for freedom in Burma, and regrets the decision of 
the Government of Singapore to prohibit an ARDA-sponsored 
conference on Burma in Singapore earlier this year. The 
Committee provides $1,500,000 to the NED for democracy, human 
rights and the rule of law programs in Asia, and expects a 
portion of those funds to support the activities of ARDA.

                          WAR CRIMES TRIBUNALS

    The Committee continues to support the war crimes tribunals 
in the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone. The 
Committee expects the State Department to ensure that the 
tribunals have sufficient budgets, staff, and equipment, and 
provides $32,000,000 in drawdown authority for war crimes 
tribunals established or authorized by the U.N. Security 
Council with U.S. support, including the tribunal in Sierra 
Leone. The Committee also urges the State Department, where 
appropriate, to support commissions or judicial bodies that 
complement the activities of these tribunals. The Committee 
notes that drawdowns made under this section are unrelated to 
the establishment of an international criminal court.

          ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $442,375,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     410,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     410,000,000

    The Committee provides $410,000,000 for Eastern Europe and 
the Baltic States. Funds in this account are allocated in the 
following table:

           ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Fiscal year
                                               -------------------------
                                                    2005
                                                  request    2005 Senate
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Albania.......................................       28,000       28,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina........................       41,000       41,000
Bulgaria......................................       27,000       27,000
Croatia.......................................       20,000       20,000
Kosovo........................................       72,000       75,000
Macedonia.....................................       34,000       34,000
Romania.......................................       27,000       27,000
Serbia........................................       87,000       87,000
Montenegro....................................       15,000       15,000
Regional......................................       59,000       56,000
                                               -------------------------
      Total...................................      410,000      410,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

           EAST CENTRAL EUROPEAN SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM [ECESP]

    The Committee notes that the USAID-supported ECESP trains 
professionals who have played important roles in the 
democratic, economic, and social transformations in the 
countries ECESP has served. The Committee continues to believe 
that as USAID moves this and other programs out of East Central 
Europe, expansion into Central Asia could benefit the people of 
this region. The Committee requests USAID to consider 
collaborating with the Center for Intercultural Education and 
Development to expand this training program into Central Asia.

              INTERNATIONAL LEGAL AND ECONOMIC INITIATIVES

    The Committee supports public service projects initiated by 
the American Bar Association [ABA] to strengthen democracy 
through programs that promote judicial reform and the rule of 
law in transitional countries. The Committee notes that these 
programs rely predominantly on the volunteer efforts of 
American lawyers.
    The Committee recommends funding for ABA's Central European 
and Eurasian Law Initiative [CEELI] at a level not less than in 
fiscal year 2004. The Committee supports the expansion of ABA's 
public service projects into Asia, Africa, Latin America, and 
the Middle East. The Committee directs that funding continue to 
be provided for these programs through cooperative agreements.
    The Committee continues to support USAID's distance 
learning legal education program in the central and eastern 
European region, and recommends funding for this program at a 
level not less than in fiscal year 2004.

                          RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE

    The Committee is concerned by the reported presence of 
Saudi charities in Albania and Kosovo and the potential 
ramifications for increased religious intolerance and extremism 
in the region. The Committee supports programs which promote 
inter-faith cooperation and tolerance throughout the Balkans.

                             YOUTH PROGRAMS

    The Committee reiterates its support for programs that 
promote greater understanding and interaction among youth in 
Albania, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Macedonia.

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

                                 KOSOVO

    The Committee provides $75,000,000 to support 
reconstruction, reform, and reconciliation efforts in Kosovo. 
The Committee recommends that USAID and the State Department 
provide funding for the activities of the American University 
in Kosovo.

                                 SERBIA

    The Committee provides $87,000,000 for assistance for 
Serbia, but requires a reduction of assistance by an amount 
equivalent to the amount of financial and other support that 
Serbia has provided to Slobodan Milosevic and other indicted 
war criminals, and their families, during calendar year 2004.
    The Committee is encouraged by the election of Boris Tadic 
as President of Serbia, who has been a strong advocate for 
democratic principles, closer relations between Serbia and the 
United States, and of eventual membership for Serbia in NATO 
and the EU. The Committee notes that Tadic has pledged full 
cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the 
Former Yugoslavia [ICTY], and requests the State Department to 
consult with the Committee should the trials of persons 
indicted by the ICTY be proposed to be shifted to domestic 
Serbian courts.
    The Committee again requires annual certification of 
Serbia's cooperation with the ICTY and reiterates its 
willingness to reconsider this provision if, by the date of 
conference with the House of Representatives, substantial 
progress is made in cooperating with the ICTY, including the 
apprehension and transfer of Radtko Mladic to The Hague.
    The Committee continues to support media programs, 
particularly documentaries, which highlight atrocities 
committed by Milosevic and other Serb war criminals against 
their regional neighbors.

    ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $584,531,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     550,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     560,000,000

    The Committee provides $560,000,000 for the FSA account, 
which is $10,000,000 above the budget request. Funds in this 
account are allocated in the following table:

    ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Fiscal year
                                               -------------------------
                                                    2005
                                                  request    2005 Senate
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Armenia.......................................       62,000       75,000
Azerbajian....................................       38,000       38,000
Belarus.......................................        6,500        6,500
Georgia.......................................       90,000      100,000
Kazakhstan....................................       28,000       26,000
Kyrgyz Republic...............................       33,000       30,000
Moldova.......................................       17,500       17,500
Russia........................................       79,500       93,000
Tajikistan....................................       25,000       25,000
Turkmenistan..................................        6,000        6,000
Ukraine.......................................       79,500       65,500
Uzbekistan....................................       36,000       36,000
Nagorno-Karabagh..............................  ...........        2,500
Regional FSA..................................       49,000       39,000
                                               -------------------------
      Total...................................      550,000      560,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                     DEMOCRACY AND LEGAL EDUCATION

    The Committee continues to support programs conducted by 
the American Rule of Law Consortium, ABA CEELI, and the Russian 
American Judicial Partnership to strengthen the rule of law in 
Russia and other former Soviet republics.

                 PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

    The Committee is aware of the Primary Health Care 
Initiative of the World Council of Hellenes, which was 
instituted in the former Soviet republics to provide 
desperately needed basic health care. The Committee recommends 
$2,500,000 for this program in fiscal year 2005 and directs 
that these funds be allocated by the State Department.
    The Committee continues to support the work of the Eurasian 
Medical Education program of the American College of 
Physicians, which relies on the volunteer partnership 
contribution of American physicians who share medical skills 
and knowledge with Russian physicians. The Committee expects 
that funding for this program in fiscal year 2005 will be at 
least the amount provided in fiscal year 2004.
    The Committee continues to support the work of the 
Institute for Sustainable Communities in environmental 
conservation and community development.

                                ORPHANS

    The Committee supports USAID's Russian orphans strategy, 
which focuses on programs to reduce the number of children 
entering state orphanages and works with orphanage officials to 
meet the basic needs of these children. The Committee supports 
funding for Holt International Children's Services and Mercy 
Corps International to assist Russian orphans.
    The Committee continues to support the work of Kidsave 
International for Children of the Former Soviet Union, and 
expects that $450,000 will be provided to support interventions 
that help countries move children without parents into 
permanent homes.
    The Committee expects USAID to work with non-profit groups, 
especially those with contacts in the Russian Far East, 
including Rotary International, the Anchorage Interfaith 
Council, and the Municipality of Anchorage. The Committee 
recommends $7,000,000 for these groups in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee supports $1,000,000 for the Firefly 
Children's Network to enhance health care for Russian orphans.

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

                                ARMENIA

    The Committee provides $75,000,000 in FSA funds for 
assistance for Armenia, $13,000,000 above the budget request. 
The Committee endorses the request of $750,000 in IMET and 
$300,000 in NADR funds for Armenia.
    The Committee provides $8,000,000 under the FMF account for 
Armenia, which should be made available following an assessment 
of that country's defense needs by relevant United States and 
Armenian officials. The Committee encourages Armenia to 
increase its contributions to the global war against 
international terrorism, particularly in Afghanistan and Iraq.

                                GEORGIA

    The Committee provides $100,000,000 in FSA funds for 
Georgia, $10,000,000 above the budget request. The Committee 
believes that the United States must continue to support the 
people of Georgia as they build democratic institutions 
dedicated to freedom and the rule of law.

                            NAGORNO-KARABAKH

    The Committee provides $2,500,000 for humanitarian and 
relief assistance for Nagorno-Karabakh. The Committee requests 
USAID to consult within 60 days after enactment of this Act on 
plans for disbursement of these funds.

                                 RUSSIA

    The Committee provides $93,000,000 for assistance for 
Russia, of which not less than $4,000,000 shall be made 
available to the NED for democracy, human rights and rule of 
law programs. This amount is $13,500,000 above the budget 
request.
    In addition to the funds provided to the NED, the Committee 
directs the State Department to provide not less than 
$3,000,000 for political party training activities. The 
Committee believes that an investment in these activities is 
critical to sustaining democracy promotion efforts in that 
country.
    The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for the bilateral U.S. 
Civilian Research and Development Foundation, which has 
effectively implemented U.S.-Former Soviet Union collaboration 
in science and technology and plays a major role in the 
Expanded Threat Reduction Program.
    The Committee continues to support the work of Communities 
for International Development and urges USAID to continue 
funding their programs in Russia.
    The Committee is disappointed at Russia's failure to pledge 
funds for the construction of a new shelter for the Chernobyl 
nuclear power plant and restricts assistance to Government of 
Russia if the Secretary of State certifies and reports to the 
Committee that Russia has not pledged or is not contributing 
funds other significant resources to the construction of this 
shelter. The Committee expects France, Italy, Canada, Japan and 
Germany to shoulder a greater share of the costs of this 
project.

                            RUSSIAN FAR EAST

    The Committee is particularly disturbed by the potential 
impact of reduced assistance to successful economic development 
programs in the Russian Far East, and provides that $20,000,000 
shall be made available solely for this region.
    The Committee continues to recognize the important 
contribution to development activities in the Russian Far East 
by the University of Alaska, and expects USAID to work with the 
University to establish and coordinate a strategic plan for 
development activities in that region.

                                UKRAINE

    The Committee provides that not less than $5,000,000 shall 
be made available for nuclear reactor safety initiatives in 
Ukraine, and expects that not less than $2,000,000 shall be 
made available for simulator-related projects.
    As in previous years, the Committee provides $3,000,000 for 
coal mine safety programs in Ukraine.
    The Committee recommends that USAID provide $1,000,000 to 
the Altarum Institute to create a pilot project for the Ukraine 
Childhood Immunization Information System, which will deliver 
an operational childhood immunization registry for a 
geographical region within the Kyiv Oblast. The Committee 
directs USAID to submit a report within 45 days after enactment 
of this Act on its plans to support Altarum Institute's 
activities in Ukraine.

                          Independent Agencies


                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $16,238,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      15,185,000
Committee recommendation................................      19,000,000

                     AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $18,579,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      17,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      20,000,000

                              PEACE CORPS

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $308,171,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     401,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     310,000,000

    The Committee supports the initiation of new programs in 
Cambodia, Vietnam, and Sierra Leone, and recommends the phase-
out of Peace Corps programs in Thailand.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

Appropriations, 2004....................................   $994,100,000 
Budget estimate, 2005...................................  2,500,000,000 
Committee recommendation................................  1,120,000,000 

    The Committee reiterates its strong support for the MCC and 
provides $1,120,000,000 for its programs and activities, which 
is $120,000,000 above the fiscal year 2004 enacted level. The 
Committee directs the MCC Chief Executive Officer to submit a 
report not later than 90 days after enactment of this Act 
detailing the process by which the MCC will monitor and 
evaluate the development and implementation of country 
compacts. The Committee reiterates its support for programs and 
activities that further democracy and the rule of law, 
alleviate poverty (particularly among women and children), and 
protect and encourage the sustainable use of natural resources.
    As there is limited quantitative information on the rights 
of people with disabilities, the Committee recommends that the 
MCC Chief Executive Officer utilize funding authorized by 
section 614(g)(2) of the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 to 
address the lack of critical data related to the eligibility 
criteria of ``respect for the human rights and civil rights of 
people with disabilities''.
    The Committee urges the MCC to identify ways it can utilize 
the expertise of institutions of higher education.
    The Committee notes that rural electrification should be 
considered an important part of an eligible country's rural 
development strategy.
    The Committee is aware that the MCC intends to establish a 
working group to identify reliable, consistent data for 
assessing the quality of a country's policies regarding the 
management of natural resources. While the Committee 
appreciates this effort, in the meantime, the Committee intends 
that compact proposals likely to have adverse impacts on the 
environment should be returned to the applicant country with 
instructions to seek to eliminate or adequately mitigate such 
adverse impacts. For countries without the capacity to do so, 
the compact should include resources for capacity building to 
ensure that such impacts are eliminated or adequately 
mitigated.

                          Department of State


                       GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $488,103,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   1,450,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,450,000,000

    The Committee supports the GHI, and provides the budget 
request for this effort including to support the Office of the 
Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator. The Committee includes a new 
general provision that establishes a working capital fund to 
facilitate procurement of commodities relating to HIV/AIDS 
assistance.
    The Committee has discussed with the Coordinator the 
imperative to use funds under this account to improve the 
capacity of foreign governments and NGOs to implement HIV/AIDS 
prevention, care and treatment programs on a long-term, 
sustainable basis. As funding for HIV/AIDS continues to 
increase, this lack of capacity places severe strains on 
rudimentary health care delivery systems. The Committee expects 
that additional funds will be made available for capacity 
building in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee encourages the Coordinator to ensure that the 
GHI responds to the multi-sectoral nature of the pandemic. The 
Committee notes that people suffering from HIV/AIDS often lack 
adequate food and clean water, which makes them more vulnerable 
to death from AIDS and other infections.
    The Committee is concerned that the rapid increase in HIV/
AIDS funding puts considerable strain on USAID health 
personnel, and important programs to combat other deadly 
diseases in Africa, Latin America, and Asia may be impacted as 
a result. The Committee requests the Coordinator to consult 
with the Committee on plans for augmenting staff resources in 
the focus countries, and ensuring that other USAID health 
programs are not adversely impacted as a result of the 
increased focus on HIV/AIDS.

                        THE GLOBAL FUND AND ASIA

    The Committee notes that North Korea is a designated state-
sponsor of terrorism and that the SPDC in Burma is an 
illegitimate military junta that routinely violates the human 
rights and dignity of the Burmese people, including using rape 
as a weapon of war.
    While sharing the concerns of the Global Fund with the 
welfare of the North Korean and Burmese people, the Committee 
prohibits the provision of any assistance, either directly or 
indirectly, including per diems and capital assets, to these 
repressive regimes.
    The Committee notes that SPDC-affiliated organizations 
include, among others, the Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare 
Association [MMCWA], the Myanmar Council of Churches [MMC]; the 
Myanmar Medical Association [MMA], the Myanmar Women Affairs 
Federation [MWAF], and the Union of Solidarity Development 
Association [USDA].

          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $240,274,000
Emergency supplemental..................................     170,000,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     358,820,000
Committee recommendation................................     328,820,000

    The Committee requires that all reprogramming of funds 
under this heading shall be subject to the same review and 
approval procedures by the State Department as apply to the 
reprogramming of ESF.
    The Committee provides $17,000,000 for the International 
Law Enforcement Training Academies [ILEA], an increase of 
$2,500,000 above the budget request. The Committee expects this 
increase to be divided equally among the five academies.
    The Committee supports the participation of law enforcement 
officials from Timor Leste in regional ILEA training 
activities.
    The Committee notes with concern the growing illicit drug 
trade in Cambodia and the involvement of Cambodian government 
officials, including the police and military, in this trade, 
and encourages the State Department to provide resources and 
personnel to address this problem. While the prohibition on 
assistance for the central Government of Cambodia remains, the 
Committee includes a new exception for counternarcotics 
activities in section 554 of this Act.
    The Committee provides $12,000,000 for police training and 
related assistance for the Philippines, which is an increase of 
$10,000,000 above the budget request.

                         INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

    The Committee provides $5,000,000 for combating piracy of 
United States intellectual property. The Committee commends the 
work of the State Department to implement a pilot project to 
protect intellectual property rights overseas, and notes that 
this initiative can assist developing nations to strengthen the 
rule of law while simultaneously protecting jobs and industry 
in the United States.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report not later than 120 days after enactment of this Act on 
the status of implementation of this program.

                         TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $45,000,000 for 
programs and activities to counter trafficking in persons, and 
provides $15,000,000 for this purpose from the INCLE account. 
The Committee expects the balance of these funds to come from 
the following accounts: $15,000,000 in ESF; $7,000,000 in SEED; 
and $8,000,000 in FSA.
    The Committee again underscores the importance of programs 
to prevent the trafficking of girls and women, and protecting 
and providing services for victims.

                     ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG INITIATIVE

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $726,687,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     731,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     731,000,000

    The Committee requires that all reprogramming of funds 
under this heading shall be subject to the same review and 
approval procedures by the State Department as apply to the 
reprogramming of ESF funds.
    The Committee provides a total of $272,000,000 for 
alternative development/institution building programs under the 
ACI, $240,000,000 of which shall be apportioned directly to 
USAID, including $140,000,000 for Colombia. The Committee 
provides not less than $6,000,000 for judicial reform programs 
in Colombia which are administered by the Justice Department, 
and an additional $6,000,000 for USAID to support organizations 
and programs to protect human rights, including the Office of 
the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia.
    The Committee notes that the Foreign Operations 
Appropriations Act, 2004, included a provision that not less 
than $2,500,000 should be made available for assistance for the 
Colombian National Park Service. However, due to changed 
circumstances, including the replacement of the director of the 
Park Service, the Committee directs that these fiscal year 2004 
funds be made available instead to USAID to support direct 
grants to NGOs that work with indigenous communities bordering 
the parks, to promote conservation of the parks. The Committee 
requests USAID to consult with the former director of the Park 
Service, and with the Committee, on the use of these funds.
    The Committee recognizes the work of Mobile Medical 
International, an organization dedicated to improving the 
delivery of health care services in remote parts of the world. 
The Committee recommends that $1,000,000 from this heading be 
provided to support these efforts in the Andean Region, and 
supports additional funding for Mobil Medical from other 
accounts in this Act to further their activities in the Middle 
East.

                                COLOMBIA

    The Committee reiterates its support for the efforts of 
Colombian President Uribe to tackle the threats of terrorism 
and narcotics in that country.
    The Committee continues to support programs that bolster 
political and judicial reforms in Colombia, and that provide 
alternative development opportunities in rural areas.
    The Committee includes language concerning the safety of 
chemical herbicide used in aerial fumigation programs in 
Colombia, and, as in previous years, requires the Secretary of 
State to certify that the herbicide mixture is being used in 
accordance with EPA label requirements for comparable use in 
the United States and with Colombian laws, and that it does not 
pose unreasonable risks or adverse effects to human health or 
the environment.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report not later than 60 days after enactment of this Act 
describing progress in completing an objective study of the 
health and environmental effects of the fumigation, and expects 
the State Department to continue to work with relevant 
Colombian authorities to ensure that complaints of harm to 
health or licit crops caused by the fumigation program are 
objectively evaluated and fair compensation is promptly paid to 
meritorious claims.
    The Committee includes language, similar to last year, 
requiring the Secretary of State to certify that human rights 
conditions have been met prior to the obligation of 25 percent 
of the assistance for the Colombian military, and to consult 
with the International Committee of the Red Cross and the 
Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights in 
Colombia regarding the conditions, prior to making a 
certification.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act on aerial eradication and surveillance equipment 
procurement needs for ongoing counterdrug operations in 
Colombia, including additional aircraft requirements.
    The Committee continues to support the League of Displaced 
Women of Bolivar, which works to provide food, medical care, 
shelter, and income opportunities for displaced women and 
children.

                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $755,712,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     729,789,000
Committee recommendation................................     775,000,000

    The Committee provides $775,000,000 for the MRA account, an 
increase of $45,211,000 above the budget request. The Committee 
expects some of the additional funds to address humanitarian 
needs of refugees in Sudan and other parts of Africa.
    The Committee believes that the protection of refugees, 
especially women and children, is a critical priority and 
includes additional funds in the MRA and ERMA accounts to 
address this need. The Committee directs the Secretary of State 
to submit a report no later than 180 days after enactment of 
this Act on the status of efforts to improve the protection of 
refugees.

                            BURMESE REFUGEES

    The Committee remains concerned with the plight of Burmese 
refugees and displaced persons residing in Thailand and the 
Government of Thailand's crack down on persons fleeing 
political and ethnic persecution in Burma. The Committee notes 
that this crack down, combined with the collusion between 
corrupt Thai officials and human traffickers, may heighten the 
exposure of Burmese and ethnic minority women and girls to 
sexual violence and HIV/AIDS infection. The Committee calls 
upon the Government of Thailand to address this issue in a 
manner consistent with Thai laws and regulations and 
international obligations, including those ensuring the 
protection of human rights.
    The Committee provides that funds under the MRA and ERMA 
accounts shall be made available to NGOs located in Thailand 
for humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in 
Burma. The Committee expects NGOs working in Thailand on 
Burmese refugee issues to be funded at amounts above the fiscal 
year 2004 level. The Committee recommends not less than 
$3,500,000 be provided to the Burma Border Consortium.
    The Committee also provides an additional $4,000,000 under 
the ESF account for displaced Burmese and host communities in 
Thailand, of which $3,000,000 is made available to Thailand-
based NGOs operating along the Thai-Burma border. The Committee 
expects the State Department to manage these funds.

                              MONTAGNARDS

    The Committee notes with concern the plight of the 
Montagnard people in Vietnam and Cambodia and condemns the 
repressive actions of the governments of both countries against 
this population. The Committee urges the Government of Cambodia 
to cease forced repatriations of Montagnard refugees from 
Cambodia to Vietnam, and to provide full access to refugee and 
human rights organizations into areas where Montagnards are 
fleeing.
    The Committee supports the Montagnard Development Project 
[MDP], which seeks to provide humanitarian and development 
support to the Montagnard people, and recommends up to 
$5,000,000 for MDP.

          REFUGEES AND INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN AFRICA

    The Committee notes the dire situation of millions of 
refugees and IDPs throughout Africa living in deplorable 
conditions. The Committee urges the administration to work with 
international organizations, including the WFP and UNHCR, as 
well as other governments to provide additional assistance to 
African refugees and IDPs in fiscal year 2005.

                         RESETTLEMENT IN ISRAEL

    The Committee provides not less than $50,000,000 for the 
resettlement of humanitarian migrants from the former Soviet 
Union and other countries of distress to Israel and notes the 
continued decline in the number of refugees resettling in 
Israel. The Committee also recognizes increased costs in 
resettling refugees from Ethiopia. If these trends continue, 
the Committee expects the fiscal year 2006 budget request for 
resettlement programs to be $40,000,000.

                            TIBETAN REFUGEES

    The Committee continues to closely follow the plight of 
Tibetan refugees transiting through Nepal to resettlement in 
India. The Committee expects the Government of Nepal to fulfill 
its commitments to provide safe passage to Tibetans fleeing 
repression in their homeland. The Committee recommends that not 
less than $2,000,000 should be provided for Tibetan refugees in 
Nepal and India.

                       VIETNAMESE ASYLUM SEEKERS

    The Committee commends the State Department and the 
Government of the Philippines for their efforts to resolve the 
fate of Vietnamese asylum seekers and their families in the 
Philippines. The Committee encourages the State Department to 
give all asylum seekers the right of interview and to bring 
closure to all outstanding cases in a timely manner.
    The Committee expects the State Department to work with the 
Philippines and other resettlement countries to permanently 
resolve the status of all asylum seekers.

            EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $29,823,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      20,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,000,000

    The Committee provides $50,000,000 for the ERMA account, an 
increase of $30,000,000 above the budget request.

    NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2004....................................   $351,414,000 
Emergency supplemental..................................     35,000,000 
Budget estimate, 2005...................................    415,200,000 
Committee recommendation................................    415,200,000 
    By transfer.........................................     (5,000,000)

    The Committee provides $415,200,000 for the NADR account, 
and an additional $5,000,000 by transfer from the FMF account. 
The Committee continues its support for these programs which 
are critical to efforts by the United States to combat the 
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, reduce stockpiles 
of small arms, prevent and respond to international terrorism, 
and help improve border security. Funds in this account are 
allocated in the following table:

                                  NADR
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   Fiscal year
                                        --------------------------------
                                          2005 request     2005 Senate
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund..          34,500          34,500
    [NDF by transfer from FMF].........  ..............          [2,500]
Export Control and Border Security               38,000          38,000
 Assistance............................
IAEA--Voluntary Contribution...........          53,000          53,000
CTBT/International Monitoring System...          19,000          19,000
Nonproliferation of WMD Expertise......          50,500          50,500
Anti-terrorism Assistance..............         128,300         128,300
    [ATA by transfer from FMF].........  ..............          [2,500]
Counterterrorism Financing.............           7,500           7,500
Terrorist Interdiction Program.........           5,000           5,000
CT Engagement with Allies..............             500             500
Humanitarian Demining..................          59,900          59,900
International Trust Fund for Demining..          10,000          10,000
Small Arms/Light Weapons...............           9,000           9,000
                                        --------------------------------
      Subtotal NADR....................         415,200         415,200
                                        ================================
By Transfer............................  ..............          [5,000]
                                        --------------------------------
      Total NADR.......................  ..............         420,200
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       ANTI-TERRORISM ASSISTANCE

    The Committee directs the State Department to utilize to 
the maximum extent practicable the facilities of the U.S. 
Army's Aberdeen Proving Grounds, the New Mexico Institute of 
Mining and Technology in Socorro, New Mexico, Louisiana State 
University and the Louisiana State Police facilities in Baton 
Rouge, Louisiana, in carrying out the ATA program. The 
Committee recommends funding ATA programs in New Mexico and 
Louisiana at or above the fiscal year 2002 levels.
    To bolster efforts to combat international terrorism, the 
Committee recommends $10,000,000 for mobile robot systems and 
radiation detection technology produced by REMOTEC and Nucsafe, 
Incorporated.

                         HUMANITARIAN DEMINING

    The Committee supports the State Department's Humanitarian 
Demining Program to clear landmines and other unexploded 
ordnance that continue to endanger people in over 60 countries. 
The Committee provides $59,900,000 for these activities, and 
$10,000,000 for the International Trust Fund on a dollar-for-
dollar matching basis.
    The Committee notes that the State Department has developed 
public-private partnerships with NGOs, foundations, and private 
companies, in support of mine action activities. To enhance the 
effectiveness of these public-private partnerships, the 
Committee provides the State Department with authority to enter 
into grants and cooperative agreements. To the maximum extent 
feasible, grants and cooperative agreements should be used to 
support mine action activities of NGOs.
    The Committee notes that several country recipients of 
demining funds from the NADR account also receive large amounts 
of assistance from the ESF, SEED, or FSA accounts. The 
Committee is concerned with pressures on the NADR budget which 
contains a limited amount of humanitarian demining funds and 
believes that demining programs in these countries should be 
funded jointly from both NADR and these other accounts.

                    SMALL ARMS/LIGHT WEAPONS [SA/LW]

    The Committee provides $9,000,000 for the destruction of 
SA/LW, and recommends that the State Department provide 
sufficient funding to secure and destroy stockpiles of Soviet-
era weaponry in Georgia.

                         TERRORISM IN THE SAHEL

    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report no later than 60 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act on counterterrorism assistance in the Sahel region of 
Africa. The report shall include a strategy for 
counterterrorism assistance to the countries of the Sahel 
region including Mauritania, Morocco, Mali, Algeria, Niger and 
Chad; a description of a mechanism for consistent and 
coordinated review of assistance activities related to 
counterterrorism in the Sahel region between the State 
Department's Bureaus of African Affairs and Near East Affairs; 
and a description of resource requirements for the next 18 
months for an effective comprehensive counterterrorism program 
for the Sahel.

                         CONFLICT RESPONSE FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................................
Budget estimate, 2005...................................    $100,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      20,000,000

    The Committee provides $20,000,000 for a Conflict Response 
Fund. The purpose of this new account is to enable the State 
Department, as the lead United States Government foreign 
affairs agency, to respond more effectively to potential, 
ongoing, and post-conflict situations in foreign countries. 
Activities envisioned under this new account include: (1) 
planning for humanitarian consequences of conflict; (2) 
preventing acts of ethnic cleansing, mass killings, genocide, 
and other acts of civil conflict that pose threats to regional 
or international peace; (3) providing for the protection of 
people, in particular, women and girls, affected by conflict; 
(4) providing support for intervention operations aimed at 
bringing about a peaceful resolution of conflict; (5) promoting 
the demobilization of combatants and reintegration of former 
combatants into civilian life; (6) restoring a secure 
environment including through support for security forces, 
peacekeeping, and peace environment; and (7) undertaking to 
meet immediate reconstruction needs including support for civil 
society, the rule of law and civilian police forces.
    The Committee expects that subsequent requests for funding 
for this account will not be ``pre-programmed'' in order that 
the Fund can respond to genuinely unforeseen contingencies.
    The Committee notes that the Foreign Assistance Act and the 
Migration and Refugee Assistance Act provide flexibility to 
allow the State Department and USAID to respond to unforeseen 
emergencies through the MRA, ERMA, PKO, OTI, and IDFA accounts. 
In addition to the creation of a Conflict Response Fund, the 
Committee encourages increases in these accounts in subsequent 
fiscal year budget requests. The Committee recognizes the work 
of the Center for Global Development and the Center for 
Strategic and International Studies on this issue.

                       Department of the Treasury


                INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL TRAINING

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $18,888,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      17,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      17,500,000

                           DEBT RESTRUCTURING

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $94,440,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     200,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      95,000,000

    The Committee provides $95,000,000 for debt restructuring, 
of which $20,000,000 is for the Tropical Forest Conservation 
Act [TFCA] and $75,000,000 is to complete the U.S. pledge to 
the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative Trust Fund. The 
Committee notes that, under TFCA debt deals, the total 
contribution to forest conservation is substantially greater 
than the amount provided by the United States. The Committee 
supports the use of up to $1,000,000 for the expenses of 
relevant U.S. Government agencies in administering this 
program.
    While the Committee supports bilateral debt reduction for 
DROC, budget constraints preclude funding the request for this 
purpose in this Act. The Committee recommends that the 
Department of the Treasury pursue funding for DROC in a 
subsequent appropriations bill and supports increased funding 
for DROC through the CSHPF and DA accounts. The Committee 
appreciates the efforts of the Department on this issue.

                               TITLE III

                          MILITARY ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $91,159,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      89,730,000
Committee recommendation................................      89,730,000

    The Committee continues its support for the IMET program 
and provides $89,730,000 for this account.
    The Committee encourages additional support under the IMET 
account to U.S. allies in the war against international 
terrorism, including the Philippines, Georgia, and Mongolia.

                       FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING

                          GRANT PROGRAM LEVEL

Appropriations, 2004.................................... $4,268,665,000 
Emergency supplemental..................................    287,000,000 
Budget estimate, 2005...................................  4,957,500,000 
Committee recommendation................................  4,777,500,000 
    By transfer.........................................   (150,000,000)

    The Committee provides $4,777,500,000 for the FMF account, 
and authority to transfer $150,000,000 in prior year, 
unobligated ESF and FMF balances to this account.

                                GEORGIA

    The Committee provides $15,000,000 for assistance for 
Georgia, which is $3,000,000 above the budget request. The 
Committee notes with appreciation Georgia's contributions to 
the war against international terrorism in Iraq.

              LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO SECURITY FORCES

    The Committee appreciates the efforts of DRL to develop a 
central computer data base of foreign security force units and 
individuals who have been credibly alleged to have been 
involved in gross violations of human rights. The Committee 
understands that this data base will contain information 
collected from a wide range of sources, including human rights 
organizations, and will enable U.S. officials to readily 
retrieve this information when determining the eligibility of 
foreign security forces for U.S. assistance.

                         MIDDLE EAST COUNTRIES

    The Committee provides the budget request of $2,220,000,000 
for Israel, $1,300,000,000 for Egypt, and $206,000,000 for 
Jordan.

                            THE PHILIPPINES

    The Committee provides $55,000,000 for assistance for the 
Philippines, which is $25,000,000 above the budget request. The 
Committee notes the interests of the Philippine Armed Forces to 
upgrade capabilities for coastal defense, force security, and 
marine counterterrorism. The Committee requests the State and 
Defense Departments, as appropriate, to consult with the 
Government of the Philippines on future defense needs to meet 
marine upgrade requirements.

                                TUNISIA

    The Committee provides $10,000,000 in FMF, and supports the 
budget request of $1,875,500 in IMET assistance, for Tunisia.

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $74,458,000
Emergency supplemental..................................      50,000,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     104,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     104,000,000

    The Committee supports the proposed Global Peace Operations 
Initiative and provides authority for the Defense Department to 
transfer funds to the State Department for this purpose. The 
Committee understands that $80,000,000 in fiscal year 2005 
funds appropriated to the Defense Department may be transferred 
to the State Department for this Initiative.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to submit, not 
later than 120 days after enactment of this Act, a report 
describing efforts to (1) enhance training provided under the 
Enhanced Peacekeeping Capabilities [EPIC] initiative and (2) 
model the African Contingency Operations Training program on 
the EPIC initiative.

                                TITLE IV

                    MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

              International Financial Institutions Summary

Appropriations, 2004....................................  $1,383,041,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   1,492,731,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,151,900,000

    The Committee recommends the total amount of paid-in 
capital funding shown above to provide for contributions to the 
International Development Association, the Global Environment 
Facility, the Inter-American Development Bank's Multilateral 
Investment Fund, the Asian Development Fund, the African 
Development Bank and Fund, the European Bank for Reconstruction 
and Development, and the International Fund for Agriculture 
Development.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

    The Committee includes a provision which updates the 
process for reviewing MDB proposals by including new 
institutions and requiring website distribution of proposals 
under review. An assessment is required on proposals that would 
result or be likely to result in a significant impact on the 
environment prior to an affirmative U.S. vote. The Committee 
provides for the simultaneous circulation of assessments and 
related draft loan, credit, grant, guarantee or policy, and 
requires that the assessment cover not only the immediate 
impacts of any part of an MDB funded proposal, but also any 
associated or cumulative impacts resulting from facilities 
associated with an MDB funded proposal. If the final proposal 
has significantly different impacts than the draft that was 
assessed, a supplement to the assessment should be circulated 
along with the final proposal for the standard 120 day review 
period. Potential impacts in advance of Board consideration 
should include best, most likely, and worst case scenarios.
    The Committee requests the Secretary of the Treasury and 
the USAID Administrator to consult with the Committee on 
fulfillment of certain mandatory duties under Title XIII of the 
International Financial Institutions Act, including 
establishing a system for sharing information with other 
countries and reporting to Congress and the public at least 
every 6 months on MDB proposals that present serious risks.

                    EXTRACTION OF NATURAL RESOURCES

    The Committee is aware that some resource rich, developing 
countries do not accurately record or publicize receipts and 
expenditures of government revenues from the extraction and 
export of natural resources. The Committee is concerned that in 
these countries, U.S. foreign assistance is often used to 
provide basic services to local populations, including HIV/AIDS 
prevention, healthcare and education while billions of dollars 
disappear into the pockets of corrupt officials. In contrast, 
in western countries, revenues and expenditures from the 
extraction or export of natural resources are recorded, 
audited, and publicly available. The Committee has included a 
provision which requires the Secretary of the Treasury to 
inform the managements of the international financial 
institutions and the public that it is the policy of the United 
States that assistance by such institutions for the extraction 
of oil, gas, coal, timber, or other natural resources should 
not be provided unless the government of the country has in 
place or is taking the necessary steps to establish functioning 
systems for accurately accounting for such revenues and 
expenditures, independently auditing and publicly disseminating 
such audits, and verifying government receipts against company 
payments and publicly disseminating such payment information 
with appropriate safeguards. The Committee also requires a 
report from the Secretary.

         International Bank for Reconstruction and Development


                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $138,418,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     120,678,000
Committee recommendation................................     120,678,000

                 INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $907,812,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................   1,061,310,000
Committee recommendation................................     820,000,000

                    Inter-American Development Bank


                      MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $24,853,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      25,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      15,000,000

                         Asian Development Bank


                         ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $143,569,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     112,212,000
Committee recommendation................................      69,691,000

    The Committee is concerned that the ADB may indirectly be 
providing moderate amounts of assistance to the SPDC in Rangoon 
through support for regional technical assistance programs and 
activities. The Committee notes that Burma is $28,700,000 in 
arrears.
    The Committee provides that the Secretary of the Treasury 
shall instruct the U.S. executive director at each appropriate 
international financial institution, which includes the ADB, to 
vote against any loan or financial or technical assistance or 
any other utilization of funds to and for Burma. The Committee 
expects greater vigilance in ensuring that no loans or other 
forms of assistance are provided either directly or indirectly 
to Burma.

                        African Development Bank

Appropriations, 2004....................................      $5,075,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................       5,100,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,100,000
    The Committee is concerned with the African Development 
Bank's handling of employee grievances. The Committee has 
received complaints about a lack of due process and long delays 
in the adjudication of such cases, and intends to closely 
follow this issue.

                        AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $112,060,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     118,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      75,000,000

            European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $35,222,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      35,431,000
Committee recommendation................................      35,431,000

            INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2004....................................     $14,915,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................      15,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      15,000,000

    The Committee recognizes that poverty is a substantial 
obstacle to political, economic, and social development and 
urges increased funding for IFAD in subsequent fiscal year 
budget requests.

                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2004....................................    $319,752,000
Budget estimate, 2005...................................     304,450,000
Committee recommendation................................     328,925,000

    The Committee provides $328,925,000 for the IO&P; account. 
This amount is $24,475,000 above the budget request. Funds in 
this account are allocated in the following table:

                                  IO&P;
               [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   Fiscal year
                                        --------------------------------
                                          2005 request     2005 Senate
------------------------------------------------------------------------
U.N. Fund for Tech. Cooperation in                1,500           1,500
 Human Rights..........................
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Victims of                5,000           7,500
 Torture...............................
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy...           2,500           1,500
UNDP...................................          90,000         112,000
UNIFEM.................................           1,000           1,500
UNICEF.................................         120,000         125,000
OAS Development Assistance.............           5,500           2,500
WTO....................................           1,000           1,000
ICAO Aviation Programs.................           1,000           1,000
UNEP...................................          10,025          12,000
IMO Maritime Security Programs.........             100             100
WFP (from USAID funds).................           6,000          [6,000]
Montreal Protocol......................          21,500          21,500
International Conservation Programs               6,225           6,725
 (CITES/ITTO/IUCN/Ramsar/CCD)..........
IPCC/UNFCCC............................           5,600           6,100
Scientific Educational and Cultural                 500           2,000
 Activities............................
World Meterological Organization.......           2,000           1,500
UN-HABITAT.............................  ..............             500
Reserve to be allocated................          25,000          25,000
                                        --------------------------------
      Total............................         304,450         328,925
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           WORLD FOOD PROGRAM

    As in previous years, the Committee provides $6,000,000 for 
the WFP from funds from USAID's Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, 
and Humanitarian Assistance under section 534(h) of this bill. 
The Committee continues to support the work of the WFP.

                   UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

    The Committee commends the leadership of UNDP and provides 
$112,000,000, which is an increase of $22,000,000 above the 
budget request.

                     UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND

    The Committee supports efforts to reach the child survival 
goals set by the World Summit for Children, the Millennium 
Development Goals, and the 2002 U.N. Special Session on 
Children. UNICEF is an essential partner of the United States 
in achieving these goals, and the Committee provides 
$125,000,000 for UNICEF, an increase of $5,000,000 above the 
budget request.

                               UN-HABITAT

    The Committee supports the efforts of UN-HABITAT to improve 
the lives of slum dwellers and ameliorate urban problems around 
the world, and provides $500,000 for a contribution to UN-
HABITAT.

                                TITLE V

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Sec. 501. Compensation for United States Executive 
Directors to International Financial Institutions.
    Sec. 502. Restrictions on Voluntary Contributions to United 
Nations Agencies.
    Sec. 503. Limitation on Residence Expenses.
    Sec. 504. Limitation on Expenses.
    Sec. 505. Limitation on Representational Allowances.
    Sec. 506. Prohibition on Taxation of United States 
Assistance.
    Sec. 507. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain 
Countries.
    Sec. 508. Military Coups.
    Sec. 509. Transfers.
    Sec. 510. Commercial Leasing of Defense Articles.
    Sec. 511. Availability of Funds.
    Sec. 512. Limitation on Assistance to Countries in Default.
    Sec. 513. Commerce and Trade.
    Sec. 514. Surplus Commodities.
    Sec. 515. Notification Requirements.
    Sec. 516. Limitation on Availability of Funds for 
International Organizations and Programs.
    Sec. 517. Independent States of the Former Soviet Union.
    Sec. 518. Prohibition on Funding for Abortions and 
Involuntary Sterilization.
    Sec. 519. Export Financing Transfer Authorities.
    Sec. 520. Special Notification Requirements.
    Sec. 521. Definition of Program, Project, and Activity.
    Sec. 522. Child Survival and Health Activities.
    Sec. 523. Afghanistan.
    Sec. 524. Notification of Excess Defense Equipment.
    Sec. 525. HIV/AIDS Working Capital Fund.
    Sec. 526. Democracy Programs.
    Sec. 527. Prohibition on Bilateral Assistance to Terrorist 
Countries.
    Sec. 528. Debt-for-Development.
    Sec. 529. Separate Accounts.
    Sec. 530. Enterprise Fund Restrictions.
    Sec. 531. Burma.
    Sec. 532. Authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-American 
Foundation and African Development Foundation.
    Sec. 533. Impact on Jobs in the United States.
    Sec. 534. Special Authorities.
    Sec. 535. Arab League Boycott of Israel.
    Sec. 536. Eligibility for Assistance.
    Sec. 537. Reservations of Funds.
    Sec. 538. Ceilings and Earmarks.
    Sec. 539. Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda.
    Sec. 540. Prohibition of Payments to United Nations 
Members.
    Sec. 541. Nongovernmental Organizations--Documentation.
    Sec. 542. Prohibition on Assistance to Foreign Governments 
that Export Lethal Military Equipment to Countries Supporting 
International Terrorism.
    Sec. 543. Withholding of Assistance for Parking Fines Owed 
by Foreign Countries.
    Sec. 544. Limitation on Assistance for the PLO for the West 
Bank and Gaza.
    Sec. 545. War Crimes Tribunals Drawdown.
    Sec. 546. Landmines.
    Sec. 547. Restrictions Concerning the Palestinian 
Authority.
    Sec. 548. Prohibition of Payment of Certain Expenses.
    Sec. 549. Haiti.
    Sec. 550. Limitation on Assistance to the Palestinian 
Authority.
    Sec. 551. Limitation on Assistance to Security Forces.
    Sec. 552. Foreign Military Training Report.
    Sec. 553. Authorization Requirement.
    Sec. 554. Cambodia.
    Sec. 555. Palestinian Statehood.
    Sec. 556. Colombia.
    Sec. 557. Illegal Armed Groups.
    Sec. 558. Prohibition on Assistance to the Palestinian 
Broadcasting Corporation.
    Sec. 559. West Bank and Gaza Program.
    Sec. 560. Contributions to United Nations Population Fund.
    Sec. 561. War Criminals.
    Sec. 562. User Fees.
    Sec. 563. Funding for Serbia.
    Sec. 564. Community-Based Police Assistance.
    Sec. 565. Special Debt Relief for the Poorest.
    Sec. 566. Authority to Engage in Debt Buybacks or Sales.
    Sec. 567. Basic Education.
    Sec. 568. Reconciliation Programs.
    Sec. 569. Environment Programs.
    Sec. 570. Central Asia.
    Sec. 571. Excess Defense Articles for Central and South 
European Countries and Certain Other Countries.
    Sec. 572. Disability Rights.
    Sec. 573. Zimbabwe.
    Sec. 574. Tibet.
    Sec. 575. Indonesia.
    Sec. 576. University Programs.
    Sec. 577. Nigeria.
    Sec. 578. Discrimination Against Minority Religious Faiths 
in the Russian Federation.
    Sec. 579. Nicaragua and Guatemala.
    Sec. 580. War Crimes in Africa.
    Sec. 581. Admission of Refugees.
    Sec. 582. Code of Conduct.
    Sec. 583. Disaster Surge Capacity.
    Sec. 584. Denial of Visas to Corrupt Officials.
    Sec. 585. Assistance for Victims of Torture.
    Sec. 586. United States Agency for International 
Development Pilot Management Initiative.
    Sec. 587. United States Agency for International 
Development Hiring Authority.
    Sec. 588. Certain Claims for Expropriation by the 
Government of Nicaragua.
    Sec. 589. Overseas Private Investment Corporation and 
Export-Import Bank Restrictions.
    Sec. 590. Security in Asia.
    Sec. 591. Cooperation with Cuba on Counter-Narcotics 
Matters.
    Sec. 592. HIPC Debt Reduction and Trust Fund.
    Sec. 593. Assistance to Millennium Challenge Candidate 
Countries.
    Sec. 594. Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
    Sec. 595. Debt Restructuring Authority.
    Sec. 596. Compliance with the Algiers Agreements.
    Sec. 597. North Korea and Burma.
    Sec. 598. Thailand.
    Sec. 599. Administrative Provisions Related to Multilateral 
Development Banks.
    Sec. 599A. Vietnamese Refugees.
    Sec. 599B. Extraction of Natural Resources.
    Sec. 599C. Assistance for Foreign Nongovernmental 
Organizations.
    Sec. 599D. Sudan.
    Sec. 599E. Additional Funds for the Global Fund to Fight 
AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a 
general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify 
each recommended amendment, with particularity, which proposes 
an item of appropriation which is not made to carry out the 
provisions of an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act 
or resolution previously passed by the Senate during that 
session.
    Items providing funding for fiscal year 2005 which lack 
authorization are as follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund...............    $1,550,000,000
Development Assistance................................     1,460,000,000
International Disaster and Famine Assistance..........       385,500,000
Transition Initiatives................................        50,000,000
Development Credit Authority..........................         8,000,000
USAID Operating Expenses..............................       600,000,000
USAID Operating Expenses, Office of Inspector General.        35,000,000
USAID Capital Investment Fund.........................        59,000,000
Economic Support Fund.................................     2,470,000,000
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltics.........       410,000,000
Assistance for the Independent States of the Former          560,000,000
 Soviet Union.........................................
Inter-American Foundation.............................        19,000,000
African Development Foundation........................        20,000,000
Peace Corps...........................................       310,000,000
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement...       328,820,000
Andean Counterdrug Initiative.........................       731,000,000
Migration and Refugee Assistance......................       775,000,000
Emergency Migration and Refugee Assistance............        50,000,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related       415,200,000
 Assistance...........................................
Conflict Response Fund................................        20,000,000
Treasury Technical Assistance.........................        17,500,000
Debt Restructuring....................................        95,000,000
International Military Education and Training.........        89,730,000
Foreign Military Financing Program....................     4,777,500,000
Peacekeeping Operations...............................       104,000,000
International Organizations and Programs..............       328,925,000
International Development Association.................       820,000,000
Asian Development Fund................................        69,691,000
African Development Fund..............................        75,000,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI, OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on September 15, 
2004, the Committee ordered reported en bloc S. 2809, an 
original bill making appropriations for Departments of 
Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related 
agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2005, S. 
2812, an original bill making appropriations for the Foreign 
Operations, Export Financing, and related programs for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2005; and S. 2810, an original 
bill making appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health 
and Human Services, and Education, and related agencies for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2005, each subject to 
amendment and each subject to the budget allocations, by a 
recorded vote of 29-0, a quorum being present. The vote was as 
follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Stevens
Mr. Cochran
Mr. Specter
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Burns
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Campbell
Mr. Craig
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. DeWine
Mr. Brownback
Mr. Byrd
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Hollings
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Reid
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Johnson
Ms. Landrieu

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee report on 
a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute or 
part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by the bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.
    With respect to this bill, it is the opinion of the 
Committee that it is necessary to dispense with these 
requirements in order to expedite the business of the Senate.

                                            BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL
  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Budget authority               Outlays
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                               Committee    Amount  of   Committee    Amount  of
                                                               allocation      bill      allocation      bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations
 to its subcommittees of amounts in the Budget Resolution
 for 2005: Subcommittee on Foreign Operations:
    Discretionary...........................................       19,386       19,386       26,785   \1\ 26,728
    Mandatory...............................................           43           43           43       \1\ 43
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2005....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........    \2\ 6,958
    2006....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        7,090
    2007....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        2,971
    2008....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        1,325
    2009 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        1,122
Financial assistance to State and local governments for                NA           NA  ...........
 2005.......................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\ Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

NA: Not applicable.


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2004 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2005
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                        Senate Committee recommendation
                                                                                                                            compared with (+ or -)
                             Item                                     2004         Budget estimate      Committee    -----------------------------------
                                                                  appropriation                      recommendation         2004
                                                                                                                        appropriation    Budget estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

           TITLE I--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

            EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

Subsidy appropriation.........................................  ................          125,700           115,700          +115,700           -10,000
Administrative expenses.......................................           72,465            73,200            73,200              +735   ................
Inspector General.............................................  ................            1,140             1,140            +1,140   ................
Negative subsidy..............................................          -34,000           -33,000           -33,000            +1,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Export-Import Bank of the United States..........           38,465           167,040           157,040          +118,575           -10,000

            OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Noncredit account:
    Administrative expenses...................................           41,141            42,885            42,885            +1,744   ................
    Insurance fees and other offsetting collections...........         -272,000          -278,000          -278,000            -6,000   ................
Subsidy appropriation.........................................           23,858            24,000            24,000              +142   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Overseas Private Investment Corporation..........         -207,001          -211,115          -211,115            -4,114   ................

              FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

Trade and development agency..................................           49,705            50,000            49,000              -705            -1,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title I, Export and investment assistance........         -118,831             5,925            -5,075          +113,756           -11,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
            TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

              FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

      United States Agency for International Development

Child survival and health programs fund.......................        1,824,174         1,420,000         1,550,000          -274,174          +130,000
    (Transfer out)............................................          (-6,000)  ................          (-6,000)  ................          (-6,000)
Development assistance........................................        1,376,829         1,329,000         1,460,000           +83,171          +131,000
    (Transfer out)............................................         (-21,000)         (-21,000)         (-21,000)  ................  ................
    (Transfer out)............................................  ................  ................         (-24,000)         (-24,000)         (-24,000)
International disaster and famine assistance..................          253,993           385,500           385,500          +131,507   ................
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...............          110,000   ................  ................         -110,000   ................
    (By transfer emergency appropriations)....................  ................  ................         (150,000)        (+150,000)        (+150,000)
    (By transfer) (Public Law 108-106)........................         (110,000)  ................  ................        (-110,000)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster assistance...........................          363,993           385,500           385,500           +21,507   ................

Transition Initiatives........................................           54,676            62,800            50,000            -4,676           -12,800
Development Credit Authority:
    (By transfer).............................................          (21,000)          (21,000)          (21,000)  ................  ................
    Administrative expenses...................................            7,953             8,000             8,000               +47   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Development assistance........................        3,627,625         3,205,300         3,453,500          -174,125          +248,200

Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund.           43,859            42,500            42,500            -1,359   ................

Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International                 600,536           623,400           600,000              -536           -23,400
 Development..................................................
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...............           40,000   ................  ................          -40,000   ................
    (By transfer).............................................           (6,000)  ................           (6,000)  ................          (+6,000)
    (By transfer).............................................  ................  ................          (24,000)         (+24,000)         (+24,000)
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106) (Transfer to            (-1,900)  ................  ................          (+1,900)  ................
     U.S. AID Office of Inspector General)....................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, US AID........................................          640,536           623,400           600,000           -40,536           -23,400

Capital Investment Fund.......................................           81,715            64,800            59,000           -22,715            -5,800
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...............           16,600   ................  ................          -16,600   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Capital investment fund.......................           98,315            64,800            59,000           -39,315            -5,800

Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International                  34,794            35,000            35,000              +206   ................
 Development Office of Inspector General......................
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)(By transfer)..           (1,900)  ................  ................          (-1,900)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating expenses............................           34,794            35,000            35,000              +206   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, U.S. AID.........................................        4,445,129         3,971,000         4,190,000          -255,129          +219,000

              Other Bilateral Economic Assistance

Economic support fund:
    Israel....................................................          477,168           360,000           360,000          -117,168   ................
    Egypt.....................................................          571,608           535,000           535,000           -36,608   ................
    Other.....................................................        1,071,143         1,616,500         1,575,000          +503,857           -41,500
    Economic support fund (Public Law 108-106)................          872,000   ................  ................         -872,000   ................
        (By transfer) (Public Law 108-106)....................         (100,000)  ................  ................        (-100,000)  ................
        (Transfer out)........................................  ................  ................        (-150,000)        (-150,000)        (-150,000)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Economic support fund.....................        2,991,919         2,511,500         2,470,000          -521,919           -41,500

International Fund for Ireland................................           18,391             8,500   ................          -18,391            -8,500
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States...........          442,375           410,000           410,000           -32,375   ................
Assistance for the Independent States of the former Soviet              584,531           550,000           560,000           -24,531           +10,000
 Union........................................................
Iraq relief and reconstruction fund (Public Law 108-106)......       18,649,000   ................  ................      -18,649,000   ................
    (Transfer out) (Public Law 108-106).......................        (-210,000)  ................  ................        (+210,000)  ................
    (Transfer out emergency)..................................  ................  ................        (-150,000)        (-150,000)        (-150,000)
    CPA operating expenses (Public Law 108-106)...............          983,000   ................  ................         -983,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Other Bilateral Economic Assistance..............       23,669,216         3,480,000         3,440,000       -20,229,216           -40,000

                     INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

                   Inter-American Foundation
Appropriation.................................................           16,238            15,185            19,000            +2,762            +3,815

                African Development Foundation

Appropriation.................................................           18,579            17,000            20,000            +1,421            +3,000

                          Peace Corps

Appropriation.................................................          308,171           401,000           310,000            +1,829           -91,000
    (By transfer).............................................          (15,000)  ................  ................         (-15,000)  ................

                Millenium Challenge Corporation

Appropriation.................................................          994,100         2,500,000         1,120,000          +125,900        -1,380,000

                      Department of State

Global HIV/AIDS initiative....................................          488,103         1,450,000         1,450,000          +961,897   ................
International narcotics control and law enforcement...........          240,274           358,820           328,820           +88,546           -30,000
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...............          170,000   ................  ................         -170,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Narcotics control.............................          410,274           358,820           328,820           -81,454           -30,000

Andean Counterdrug Initiative.................................          726,687           731,000           731,000            +4,313   ................
    (By transfer).............................................          (17,000)  ................  ................         (-17,000)  ................
Migration and refugee assistance..............................          755,712           729,789           775,000           +19,288           +45,211

United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund.           29,823            20,000            50,000           +20,177           +30,000
Nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related                  351,414           415,200           415,200           +63,786   ................
 programs.....................................................
    (By transfer).............................................  ................  ................           (5,000)          (+5,000)          (+5,000)
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...............           35,000   ................  ................          -35,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Nonproliferation..............................          386,414           415,200           415,200           +28,786   ................

Conflict response fund........................................  ................          100,000            20,000           +20,000           -80,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Department of State...........................        2,797,013         3,804,809         3,770,020          +973,007           -34,789

                  Department of the Treasury

International Affairs Technical Assistance....................           18,888            17,500            17,500            -1,388   ................
Debt restructuring............................................           94,440           200,000            95,000              +560          -105,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Department of the Treasury....................          113,328           217,500           112,500              -828          -105,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title II, Bilateral economic assistance..........       32,361,774        14,406,494        12,981,520       -19,380,254        -1,424,974
              Appropriations..................................      (11,486,174)      (14,406,494)      (12,981,520)      (+1,495,346)      (-1,424,974)
              Emergency appropriations........................      (20,875,600)  ................  ................     (-20,875,600)  ................
          (By transfer).......................................          (59,000)          (21,000)          (56,000)          (-3,000)         (+35,000)
          (By transfer emergency appropriations)..............          211,900   ................          150,000           -61,900          +150,000
          (Transfer out)......................................         (-27,000)         (-21,000)        (-201,000)        (-174,000)        (-180,000)
          (Transfer out emergency appropriations).............         -211,900   ................         -150,000           +61,900          -150,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
                TITLE III--MILITARY ASSISTANCE

              FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

International Military Education and Training.................           91,159            89,730            89,730            -1,429   ................
Foreign Military Financing Program:
    Grants:
        Israel................................................        2,147,256         2,220,000         2,220,000           +72,744   ................
        Egypt.................................................        1,292,330         1,300,000         1,300,000            +7,670   ................
        Other.................................................          829,079         1,437,500         1,257,500          +428,421          -180,000
        Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...........          287,000   ................  ................         -287,000   ................
            (Transfer out)....................................         (-17,000)  ................          (-5,000)         (+12,000)          (-5,000)
            (By transfer).....................................  ................  ................         (150,000)        (+150,000)        (+150,000)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Grants................................        4,555,665         4,957,500         4,777,500          +221,835          -180,000

    (Limitation on administrative expenses)...................          (40,500)          (40,500)          (40,500)  ................  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Foreign Military Financing.......................        4,555,665         4,957,500         4,777,500          +221,835          -180,000

Peacekeeping operations.......................................           74,458           104,000           104,000           +29,542   ................
    Emergency supplemental (Public Law 108-106)...............           50,000   ................  ................          -50,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Peacekeeping operations.......................          124,458           104,000           104,000           -20,458   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title III, Military assistance...................        4,771,282         5,151,230         4,971,230          +199,948          -180,000
          Appropriations......................................       (4,434,282)       (5,151,230)       (4,971,230)        (+536,948)        (-180,000)
          Emergency appropriations............................         (337,000)  ................  ................        (-337,000)  ................
          (By transfer).......................................  ................  ................         (150,000)        (+150,000)        (+150,000)
          (Transfer out)......................................         (-17,000)  ................          (-5,000)         (+12,000)          (-5,000)
          (Limitation on administrative expenses).............          (40,500)          (40,500)          (40,500)  ................  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
          TITLE IV--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

              FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

             International Financial Institutions

                       World Bank Group

Contribution to the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development:
    Global Environment Facility...............................          138,418           120,678           120,678           -17,740   ................
Contribution to the International Development Association.....          907,812         1,061,310           820,000           -87,812          -241,310
Contribution to Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency......            1,117   ................  ................           -1,117   ................
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)............           (4,475)  ................  ................          (-4,475)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, World Bank Group.................................        1,047,347         1,181,988           940,678          -106,669          -241,310

Contribution to the Inter-American Development Bank:
    Contribution to the Enterprise for the Americas                      24,853            25,000            15,000            -9,853           -10,000
     Multilateral Investment Fund.............................
Contribution to the Asian Development Bank:
    Contribution to the Asian Development Fund................          143,569           112,212            69,691           -73,878           -42,521

Contribution to the African Development Bank:
    Paid-in capital...........................................            5,075             5,100             1,100            -3,975            -4,000
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)............          (79,610)          (79,533)          (79,533)             (-77)  ................
    Contribution to the African Development Fund..............          112,060           118,000            75,000           -37,060           -43,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, African Development Bank.........................          117,135           123,100            76,100           -41,035           -47,000

Contribution to the European Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development:
    Paid-in capital...........................................           35,222            35,431            35,431              +209   ................
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)............         (122,085)         (121,997)         (121,997)             (-88)  ................
Contribution to the International Fund for Agricultural                  14,915            15,000            15,000               +85   ................
 Development..................................................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Financial Institutions.............        1,383,041         1,492,731         1,151,900          -231,141          -340,831
                                                               =========================================================================================
           International Organizations and Programs

Appropriation.................................................          319,752           304,450           328,925            +9,173           +24,475
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title IV, Multilateral economic assistance.......        1,702,793         1,797,181         1,480,825          -221,968          -316,356
          (Limitation on callable capital subscript)..........         (206,170)         (201,530)         (201,530)          (-4,640)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
                  TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Child survival and health programs fund (emergency              ................  ................          150,000          +150,000          +150,000
 appropriations)..............................................
                                                               =========================================================================================
    Grand total:
        New budget (obligational) authority...................       38,717,018        21,360,830        19,578,500       -19,138,518        -1,782,330
        (Emergency appropriations)............................      (21,212,600)  ................         (150,000)     (-21,062,600)        (+150,000)
        (By transfer).........................................          (59,000)          (21,000)         (206,000)        (+147,000)        (+185,000)
        (By transfer emergency appropriations)................          211,900   ................          150,000           -61,900          +150,000
        (Transfer out)........................................         (-44,000)         (-21,000)        (-206,000)        (-162,000)        (-185,000)
        (Transfer out emergency appropriations)...............         -211,900   ................         -150,000           +61,900          -150,000
        (Limitation on administrative expenses)...............          (40,500)          (40,500)          (40,500)  ................  ................
        (Limitation on callable capital subscript)............         (206,170)         (201,530)         (201,530)          (-4,640)  ................
        (Emergency Supplemental (Public Law 108-106)).........      (21,212,600)  ................         (150,000)     (-21,062,600)        (+150,000)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------