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                                                       Calendar No. 192
108th Congress                                                   Report
 1st Session                    SENATE                          108-86 
======================================================================
 
       DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2004
                                _______
                                

                 July 10, 2003.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

          Mr. Cochran, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 2555]

    The Committee on Appropriations, to which was referred the 
bill (H.R. 2555) making appropriations for the Department of 
Homeland Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2004, and for other purposes, reports the same to the Senate 
with an amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do 
pass.



Total obligational authority, fiscal year 2004

Amount of bill as reported to the Senate................ $29,326,000,000
Amount of 2003 appropriations acts to date \1\..........  29,286,761,000
Amount of estimates, 2004 \2\...........................  29,176,994,000
The bill as recommended to the Senate:
    Over the appropriations provided in 2003............      39,329,000
    Over the estimates for 2004.........................     149,006,000

\1\ Includes total of $6,306,500,000 in supplemental appropriations 
provided by Public Law 108-11.
\2\ Includes $890,000,000 for biodefense countermeasures. The budget 
proposes legislation to establish a new permanent, indefinite authority 
to fund this activity in lieu of discretionary appropriations.









                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              

                    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

                                                                   Page
Overview and Summary of the Bill.................................     4
Title I--Departmental Operations, Management, and Oversight:
    Departmental Operations......................................     6
    Office of the Secretary and Executive Management.............     6
    Office of the Under Secretary for Management.................    10
    Department-Wide Technology Investments.......................    11
    Office of the Inspector General..............................    11
Title II--Services: Citizenship and Immigration Services.........    13
Title III--Security, Enforcement, and Investigations:
    Office of the Under Secretary for Border and Transportation 
      Security...................................................    15
        Salaries and Expenses....................................    15
        United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator 
          Technology.............................................    16
    Customs and Border Protection:
        Summary..................................................    17
        Salaries and Expenses....................................    17
        Automation Modernization.................................    21
        Construction.............................................    22
    Immigration and Customs Enforcement:
        Summary..................................................    22
        Salaries and Expenses....................................    23
        Air and Marine Interdiction, Operations, Maintenance and 
          Procurement............................................    25
        Construction.............................................    26
    Transportation Security Administration:
        Aviation Security........................................    27
        Maritime and Land Security...............................    30
        Intelligence.............................................    31
        Research and Development.................................    31
        Administration...........................................    32
    United States Coast Guard:
        Summary..................................................    33
        Operating Expenses.......................................    34
        Environmental Compliance and Restoration.................    38
        Reserve Training.........................................    38
        Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements..............    39
        Research, Development, Test and Evaluation...............    41
        Retired Pay..............................................    42
    United States Secret Service:
        Salaries and Expenses....................................    42
        Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
          Expenses...............................................    43
Title IV--Assessments, Preparedness, and Recovery:
    Counterterrorism Fund........................................    45
    Federal Law Enforcement Training Center:
        Salaries and Expenses....................................    45
        Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
          Expenses...............................................    46
    Office for Domestic Preparedness:
        State and Local Programs.................................    47
        Firefighter Assistance Grants............................    49
    Office of the Under Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and 
      Re- 
      sponse.....................................................    50
    Emergency Preparedness and Response:
        Operating Expenses.......................................    50
        Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program..............    52
        Disaster Relief..........................................    53
        Disaster Assistance Direct Loan Program Account..........    53
        National Pre-Disaster Mitigation Fund....................    54
        Flood Map Modernization Fund.............................    54
        National Flood Insurance Fund............................    55
        National Flood Mitigation Fund...........................    56
        Emergency Management Performance Grants..................    56
        Emergency Food and Shelter...............................    56
        Cerro Grande Fire Claims.................................    57
    Office of the Under Secretary for Information Analysis and 
      Infrastructure Protection..................................    57
    Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection, Operating 
      Ex- 
      penses.....................................................    58
Title V--Research and Development:
    Office of the Under Secretary for Science and Technology.....    60
    Science and Technology, Research, Development, Acquisition 
      and Operations.............................................    60
Title VI--General Provisions.....................................    64
Program, Project, and Activity...................................    65
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Sen- 
  ate............................................................    66
Compliance With Paragraph 7(C), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................    66
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................    67

                    OVERVIEW AND SUMMARY OF THE BILL

    The amounts of obligational authority for each of the six 
titles of the bill are shown on the following table. A detailed 
tabulation, showing comparisons, appears at the end of this 
report. Recommendations for individual appropriations for 
organizations, programs, projects, and activities are carried 
in this bill under the appropriate account headings.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Fiscal year 2004
                                     Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                         request         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Departmental Operations,        $580,118,000       $516,292,000
 Management, and Oversight........
Title II--Services................        235,000,000        229,377,000
Title III--Security, Enforcement,      18,655,162,000     19,436,820,000
 and Investigations...............
Title IV--Assessments,              \1\ 8,903,354,000  \2\ 8,272,111,000
 Preparedness and Recovery........
Title V--Research and Development.        803,360,000        871,400,000
                                   -------------------------------------
      Total, new budget             \1\ 29,176,994,00  \2\ 29,326,000,00
       (obligational authority)...                  0                  0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $890,000,000 for biodefense countermeasures. The budget
  proposes legislation to establish a new permanent, indefinite
  authority to fund this activity in lieu of discretionary
  appropriations.
\2\ Excludes appropriations for biodefense countermeasures. The fiscal
  year 2004 budget resolution includes a reserve for this activity.


    The Committee recommends total new appropriations of 
$29,326,000,000 for the Department of Homeland Security for 
fiscal year 2004, $1,039,006,000 more than the budget request, 
excluding funding for biodefense countermeasures. Of this 
amount, $28,521,000,000 is for discretionary programs.
    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$8,168,762,000 for the defense of our borders and 
investigations and enforcement of our immigration and customs 
laws. For the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, the 
Committee provides a total of $4,900,485,000, including 
$441,122,000 for automation modernization. For the Bureau of 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Committee provides a 
total of $2,888,277,000, including $424,211,000 for the Federal 
Protective Service and $257,291,000 for the Air and Marine 
Interdiction Program. In addition, the Committee recommends 
$380,000,000 for the US Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator 
Technology project. The Committee also recommends total 
appropriations of $229,377,000 for the Bureau of Citizenship 
and Immigration Services.
    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$5,395,900,000 for the Transportation Security Administration, 
further providing a commitment to secure all modes of 
transportation by providing funding for the following: 
$150,500,000 for the procurement of explosive detection 
systems; $309,000,000 for installation of explosive detection 
systems; $150,000,000 for port security grants; $30,000,000 for 
operation safe commerce; $45,000,000 for research and 
development of next generation explosive detection systems; 
$25,000,000 for trucking industry grants; and $10,000,000 for 
intercity bus security.
    The Committee recommends a total of $6,886,000,000 for the 
United States Coast Guard, including $340,000,000 for defense-
related activities; $40,00,000 for the Automatic Identification 
System; and $134,000,000 for Rescue 21. In addition, the 
Committee understands there has been a shortfall in funding for 
the Integrated Deepwater Systems [IDS] program and recommends 
$702,000,000, a $202,000,000 increase above the fiscal year 
2004 budget request, in an effort to bring the IDS program back 
in line with the original 20-year projected time frame for its 
completion.
    The Committee recommends a total of $3,574,892,000 for the 
Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate, including: 
$1,956,000,000 for disaster relief; $200,000,000 for the flood 
map modernization activities; and $153,000,000 for the 
emergency food and shelter program. In addition, the Committee 
recognizes the importance of Emergency Management Performance 
Grants in assisting States with an all-hazards approach to 
disaster preparedness and recovery, and recommends $165,000,000 
for the program.
    The Committee provides total appropriations of $823,700,000 
for information analysis and infrastructure protection with the 
following recommendations: $98,500,000 for cybersecurity 
infrastructure monitoring and coordination; $293,900,000 for 
critical infrastructure identification, assessments, and 
protection implementation; and $155,100,000 for the National 
Communications System.
    For science and technology, the Committee recommends total 
appropriations of $866,000,000, with the following 
recommendations: $18,000,000 for cyber security; $70,000,000 
for rapid prototyping; $55,000,000 for university programs; and 
$72,000,000 for critical infrastructure protection.
    To further strengthen the capacity of the Nation's first 
responders to prepare for and respond to possible terrorist 
threats and other emergencies, the Committee provides a total 
of $3,743,000,000. For the Office for Domestic Preparedness, 
the Committee recommends a total of $3,638,000,000, including: 
$1,250,000,000 for the State and local basic formula grants; 
$500,000,000 for State and local law enforcement terrorism 
prevention grants; and $750,000,000 for high-threat urban area 
discretionary grants. The Committee also provides $750,000,000 
for firefighter assistance grants, to remain as a stand-alone 
program. An additional $165,000,000 is available for emergency 
management performance grants through the Emergency 
Preparedness and Response Directorate.

                    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

      TITLE I--DEPARTMENTAL OPERATIONS, MANAGEMENT, AND OVERSIGHT

                        Departmental Operations

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $195,370,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     294,000,000
Committee recommendation................................................

    The Departmental Operations account funds basic support to 
the Secretary of Homeland Security, including executive 
planning and decision-making, management of departmental 
operations and the departmental headquarters building, and 
other program support requirements to ensure effective 
management and operation of the Department.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee does not recommend appropriations for a 
consolidated ``Departmental Operations'' account, as requested. 
Instead, the Committee recommends appropriations for these 
activities under the ``Office of the Secretary and Executive 
Management'', ``Office of the Under Secretary for Management'', 
``Office of the Under Secretary for Border and Transportation 
Security'', ``Office of the Under Secretary for Emergency 
Preparedness and Response'', ``Office of the Under Secretary 
for Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection'', and 
``Office of the Under Secretary for Science and Technology'' 
accounts.

            OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY AND EXECUTIVE MANAGEMENT

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................     $83,653,000

\1\ Included under ``Departmental Operations'' account.

    The Office of the Secretary and Executive Management 
directs and leads the Department and provides policy guidance 
to operating bureaus within the organization. The specific 
activities funded by this account include: the Immediate Office 
of the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Immediate Office of 
the Deputy Secretary, the Office of Security, the Chief of 
Staff, the Executive Secretary, the Special Assistant to the 
Secretary/Private Sector, the Office for National Capital 
Region Coordination, the Office for State and Local Government 
Coordination, the Office of International Affairs, the Office 
of Public Affairs, the Office of Legislative Affairs, the 
Office of the General Counsel, the Officer for Civil Rights and 
Civil Liberties, the Citizenship and Immigration Services 
Ombudsman, the Homeland Security Advisory Committee, and the 
Privacy Officer.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $83,653,000 for the Office of the 
Secretary and Executive Management. Included in this amount is 
$42,678,000 for salaries and benefits; $2,575,000 for travel; 
$1,249,000 for supplies; $271,000 for training; and $36,880,000 
for other expenses.
    The specific levels recommended by the Committee are as 
follows:

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Immediate Office of the Secretary.......................           1,906
Immediate Office of the Deputy Secretary................           1,010
Office of Security......................................          19,720
Chief of Staff..........................................           4,726
Executive Secretary.....................................           5,508
Special Assistant to the Secretary/Private Sector.......           4,088
Office of National Capital Region Coordination..........             528
Office for State and Local Government Coordination......           3,168
Office of International Affairs.........................           1,200
Office of Public Affairs................................           8,644
Office of Legislative Affairs...........................           6,458
Office of the General Counsel...........................           9,662
Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties.............          14,525
Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman..........           1,160
Homeland Security Advisory Committee....................             675
Privacy Officer.........................................             675
                                                         ---------------
      Total.............................................          83,653
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Non-Homeland Security Missions of the Department.--The 
Department of Homeland Security is charged with carrying out 
functions vital to the protection of our Nation. The Department 
has also been charged with the responsibility for significant 
non-homeland security functions, such as counterfeit 
investigations of the United States Secret Service, search and 
rescue and fisheries enforcement of the United States Coast 
Guard, intellectual property investigations of the Bureau of 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement, trade enforcement by the 
Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, and the granting of 
citizenship to eligible immigrants by the Bureau of Citizenship 
and Immigration Services. The Secretary is directed to submit 
an annual report on the resources devoted to non-homeland 
security missions of the Department. This report is to clearly 
identify all non-homeland security functions of each of the 
Department's organizations by appropriations account, program, 
project and activity, and the full-time equivalent positions 
and dollars devoted to each for a period of at least 3 fiscal 
years, including the prior fiscal year, the current fiscal 
year, and the budget year. The report is to be submitted to the 
Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of 
Representatives by February 15 of each year.
    White House Mail Screening and Processing.--The Committee 
supports the efforts of the Secret Service to initiate a study, 
to be completed by the end of calendar year 2003, that will 
focus on methods, operations, and technological issues related 
to White House mail. The Secret Service was never intended to 
inherit the sole responsibility associated with the 
establishment of a permanent screening facility for White House 
mail. Therefore, the Department is directed to submit a long-
term plan for the establishment of a fully operational White 
House mail facility. This plan should be a collaborative effort 
between the Office of the Secretary, the Secret Service, the 
Executive Office of the President Office of Administration, the 
Department's Science and Technology Directorate, the General 
Services Administration, and the United States Army Soldier and 
Biological Command, and any other agencies the Secretary may 
identify as appropriate. The plan should include: (1) a cost 
estimate for establishing such a facility; (2) an 
implementation schedule, including site selection, planning, 
design, and construction; (3) agency roles and responsibilities 
for funding the facility; and (4) a strategy to address the 
growing backlog of undelivered mail to the White House complex. 
The plan is to be submitted to the Committee by February 2, 
2004.
    Training and Training Facilities.--The Committee supports 
the efforts of Department to fully assess training requirements 
of its employees and to review the proper use of all Department 
training facilities. The Committee is aware that the 
integration of government agencies and assets under the 
Department's jurisdiction may necessitate a new or revised 
training requirement plan and that adequate guidance needs to 
be provided by the Department to its agencies. Training 
facilities within the Department should be fully utilized and 
duplicative training activities should be eliminated to 
maximize the efficient use of resources. The Secretary is 
directed to assess the training needs and facilities owned or 
used by the Department of Homeland Security and to develop a 
plan for their proper use. This plan should include, but not be 
limited to, an assessment of training needs of the Bureau of 
Customs and Border Protection, the Bureau of Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement, the Transportation Security 
Administration, the U.S. Secret Service, the United States 
Coast Guard, as well as the availability and utilization of 
training spaces by organizations outside of the Department; it 
should also address: (1) duplicative training activities; (2) 
full-utilization of Department training facilities; (3) cross-
training needs of Department personnel; (4) geographic 
attributes of facilities for departmental training needs; (5) 
canine training; (6) future construction requirements at all 
campuses to meet the existing and projected training 
requirements; (7) and any cost savings which may result from 
the reallocation or consolidation of training and the more 
efficient use of facilities. This plan is to be submitted to 
the Committee no later than January 30, 2004.
    Multi-Year Accounts.--The Department has inherited a myriad 
of multi-year accounts for functions ranging from construction 
and information technology to environmental compliance and 
restoration. In order for the Committee to accurately track the 
Department's resources, the Secretary is directed to submit, as 
a part of the annual budget request, information on all multi-
year accounts to include: (1) current and prior-year carryover 
balances; (2) original purpose; (3) estimate of current year 
obligations; (4) estimate of current year recoveries; (5) and 
estimate of end of year carryforward balances.
    Consolidation and Co-location of Offices.--Section 706 of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 requires that not later than 
1 year after the date of enactment of that Act, the Secretary 
develop and submit to the Congress a plan for consolidating and 
co-locating the regional or field offices of agencies 
transferred to the Department. Because of the strong interest 
in this process, the Committee expects to receive an update 
from the Department on the status of this office consolidation/
co-location plan and to be notified at least 10 days prior to 
any public announcement of changes in the location of these 
offices.
    Office of History.--Knowledge of historical precedent, 
historical context, and institutional history is critical to 
effective decision making. The Committee encourages the 
Secretary to establish a departmental history office. The 
mission of this office should be to produce, oversee, and 
coordinate the production of a range of reference, policy, and 
historical background assessment papers; to provide expert 
historical knowledge essential for informed decision making; to 
maintain the institutional history of the Department; to 
provide professional assistance to the historical and archival 
activities of the directorates and bureaus within the 
Department; and to produce such documentary collections as may 
be deemed necessary. The Committee notes that there will be 
funding requirements for establishment of such an office which 
may require the submission of a reprogramming required by 
section 605 of this Act.
    Standards and Guidelines for First Responders.--Pursuant to 
the President's National Strategy for Homeland Security, the 
Secretary is to provide to the Committee, no later than April 
30, 2004, a report that updates the progress made to: clearly 
define standards and guidelines for Federal, State, and local 
government emergency preparedness and response in such areas as 
training, interoperable communications systems, and response 
equipment; an estimate of the cost of the unmet needs of State 
and local governments for fiscal years 2004-2008 in meeting 
those standards and guidelines; and the views of appropriate 
State and local government organizations.
    Investigations of Terrorist Financing.--The Committee is 
concerned that the recent Memorandum of Agreement [MOA] between 
the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of 
Justice regarding investigations of terrorist financing will 
adversely affect the ability of the United States Secret 
Service [USSS] and the Bureau of Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement [BICE] to effectively carry out traditional 
financial crimes investigations. The Committee expects the 
General Accounting Office [GAO] to provide to the Committee, 
within 90 days after enactment of the Act, an evaluation of the 
MOA's impact on existing authorities of the USSS and BICE to 
effectively carry out financial crimes investigations, 
including the MOA's impact on the financial community and State 
and local cooperation.
    Treasury Forfeiture Fund.--The Committee is aware that 
proposals are under consideration within the administration 
that could change the existing status, operation, and 
jurisdiction of the Treasury Forfeiture Fund. A number of the 
Department of Homeland Security's law enforcement agencies rely 
on the use of assets from this fund for on-going investigations 
and other activities. The Committee encourages the Secretary to 
consult with the Secretary of the Treasury, the Attorney 
General, and the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget about the impact of any change to the Department of 
Homeland Security, and to keep the Committee apprised of any 
discussions on this matter.

              OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR MANAGEMENT

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................    $167,521,000

\1\ Included under ``Departmental Operations'' account.

    The Under Secretary for Management oversees management and 
operations of the Department, including financial planning and 
execution, information systems management, human capital 
planning and policies, building management, and oversight of 
standard-setting and all departmental immigration statistical 
information. The specific activities funded by this account 
include: the Immediate Office of the Under Secretary for 
Management, the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, the 
Office of Procurement, the Office of Human Resources, the Chief 
Information Officer, and the Office of Administration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $167,521,000 for the Office of the 
Secretary and Executive Management. Included in this amount is 
$29,696,000 for salaries and benefits; $602,000 for travel; 
$783,000 for supplies; $395,000 for training; and $136,045,000 
for other expenses.
    The specific levels recommended by the Committee are as 
follows:

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Immediate Office of the Under Secretary................           1,364
Office of the Chief Financial Officer..................          11,290
    Strategic Planning.................................           1,768
Office of Procurement..................................           6,529
Office of Human Resources..............................           7,101
Office of the Chief Information Officer................          81,206
    Command Center.....................................         (14,558)
Office of Administration...............................          28,263
    Headquarters.......................................          30,000
                                                        ----------------
      Total............................................         167,521
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Departmental Headquarters Interim Housing.--The Department 
of Homeland Security [DHS] headquarters staff is currently 
housed at the Nebraska Avenue Complex [NAC] in downtown 
Washington, D.C., and at multiple pre-DHS locations. This 
physically-fractured situation makes it difficult for DHS 
leadership to lead and manage the new and growing department. 
Since DHS has indicated consolidation at the NAC location to be 
a good interim solution until a permanent one can be found, the 
Committee has provided the $30,000,000, as requested, to fund 
physical modifications to NAC buildings, communications and 
security upgrades, and relocation expenses necessary to allow 
more DHS employees to be consolidated at the NAC. The Committee 
expects the Department to work in cooperation with the General 
Services Administration to find a long-term solution for a 
departmental headquarters and to comply with the requirements 
of the Public Buildings Act of 1959 to secure site, design, and 
construction funding. The Committee expects to be updated on a 
regular basis on the Department's physical consolidation and on 
the planned expenditure of the funds made available for interim 
housing, as well as its plans for a permanent headquarters.

                 Department-Wide Technology Investments

Appropriations, 2003....................................     $63,321,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     206,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     185,000,000

    The Department-wide Technology Investments account is for 
the development and acquisition of information technology 
equipment, software, services, and the costs of conversion to 
narrowband communications.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $185,000,000, to be available 
until expended, for activities of the Department-wide 
Technology Investments.
    Narrowband Communications.--Included in the amount provided 
by the Committee is $100,000,000, as requested, for wireless 
efforts, including conversion to narrowband operations. The 
Committee supports the consolidation of all funding for mobile 
radios and communications provided to various components of the 
Department in one fund. Consolidation ensures that resources 
provided for communications are not diverted to other 
functions. The Committee expects the Department to submit a 
report on the level of funding provided to all components of 
the Department for mobile radios thirty days after the 
enactment of this Act.
    Information Technology Services.--Included in the amount 
provided by the Committee is $75,000,000 for information 
technology investments to support the implementation of a 
Department enterprise architecture, to integrate management 
systems, and to rationalize Department component physical and 
logical security access efforts.
    Security Activities.--Included in the amount provided by 
the Committee is $10,000,000 for the integration of Federal 
watchlists. The Committee recognizes the need for this project 
and expects this effort to be closely coordinated with the 
development of the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status 
Indicator Technology project. The Committee directs that 
$21,000,000 of the funds transferred from the Department of 
Justice Working Capital Fund be used for enterprise 
architecture and the information technology and evaluation 
program.

                    Office of the Inspector General

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................     $41,510,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \2\...............................      58,118,000
Committee recommendation \2\............................      58,118,000

\1\ Does not include an additional $21,437,000 transferred from the 
Disaster Relief Fund for audits and investigations.
\2\ Does not include an additional $22,000,000 from the Disaster Relief 
Fund for audits and investigations.

    This account finances the cost of conducting and 
supervising audits and investigations relating to the programs 
and operations of the Department to promote economy, 
efficiency, and effectiveness and to prevent and detect fraud, 
waste, and abuse in such programs and operations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $58,118,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General for fiscal year 2004. An additional 
$22,000,000 is made available from the Disaster Relief Fund for 
audits and investigations.

                           TITLE II--SERVICES

                  CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $218,148,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     235,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     229,377,000

\1\ Includes $3,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11.

    The Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services [BCIS] 
was established by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to deliver 
services to the public in a timely, consistent, and fair 
manner. Prior to the creation of the Department of Homeland 
Security, the administration of immigration services was the 
responsibility of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 
an organization abolished by the Homeland Security Act of 2002. 
BCIS's mission is to administer laws and provide services 
related to people seeking to enter, reside, work, and 
naturalize in the United States. In addition to directly 
appropriated resources, offsetting collections are available 
for the operations of BCIS from the following fees:
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--The Bureau collects fees 
from persons applying for immigration benefits to support the 
adjudication of applications.
    H-1B Fees.--The Bureau collects fees for processing of the 
H1-B visa. The H-1B is a temporary visa category for non-
immigrant, highly skilled workers.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $229,377,000 for activities of the 
Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services [BCIS] for 
fiscal year 2004.
    Physical Security and Staffing.--Included in the amount 
recommended is $3,836,000, as requested, for physical security 
and staffing. These funds will allow BCIS to begin 
implementation of the recommended security improvements 
identified by the U.S. Marshals Service security surveys.
    Information Technology/Program Evaluation Unit.--The 
Committee does not provide $5,623,000, as requested, for 
information technology or the program evaluation unit. The on-
going e-filing project should continue to be funded out of base 
resources.
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--The Committee understands 
that the estimated level of $1,550,000,000 in spending from the 
Immigration Examinations Fee includes an additional 
$100,000,000 to continue efforts to reduce the backlog of 
applications and at the same time improve the integrity of the 
process. BCIS is expected to provide updates to the Committee 
regarding the progress being made in meeting the targets of its 
Five Year Backlog Reduction Plan. These reports should continue 
to be submitted while the Backlog Reduction Plan is being 
updated. The Committee expects that of the fees collected, no 
less than $25,000,000 be made available to the Bureau of 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement to support the 
investigative and intelligence needs of BCIS.
    The Committee notes the delay that many Americans have in 
gaining permission for foreign-born spouses to join them in the 
United States. The Committee urges BCIS to develop procedures 
to expedite such cases without compromising national security 
or program integrity.
    The total resources available for the operations of BCIS 
are as follows:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2003  Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                                                 enacted           budget        recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Direct appropriations.....................................      $218,148,000      $235,000,000      $229,377,000
Immigration Inspection User Fee, estimate.................         4,000,000         4,000,000         4,000,000
Immigration Examinations Fee, estimate....................     1,413,000,000     1,550,000,000     1,550,000,000
H1-B fees, estimate.......................................        10,000,000       10,000,0000       10,000,0000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total available.....................................     1,645,148,000     1,799,000,000     1,793,377,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


          TITLE III--SECURITY, ENFORCEMENT, AND INVESTIGATIONS

  Office of the Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................      $8,842,000

\1\ Included in the ``Departmental Operations'' account.

    The Office of the Under Secretary for Border and 
Transportation Security was established by the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 and is responsible for maintaining the 
security of our Nation's borders and transportation systems. 
The Under Secretary oversees the Bureau of Customs and Border 
Protection, the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
the Transportation Security Administration, the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center, and the Office for Domestic 
Preparedness.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $8,842,000 for the activities of 
the Office of the Under Secretary of Border and Transportation 
Security salaries and expenses account. Included in this is 
amount is $7,839,000 for salaries and benefits; $418,000 for 
travel; $201,000 for supplies; $50,000 for training; and 
$334,000 for other expenses.
    Prior to the tragic events of September 11, 2001, the 
Congress had begun to provide additional resources to improve 
security along the United States northern border with Canada. 
The Under Secretary of Transportation and Border Security is 
directed to provide a comprehensive report to the Committee 
describing the specific measures taken by the Department and 
its legacy agencies since September 11, 2001, to enhance 
security at the northern border. The report should include a 
discussion of (1) increased personnel deployment, technological 
improvements, and enhancements in interagency coordination; (2) 
measures for improvement of northern border security authorized 
by the Congress that the Department has not yet undertaken; and 
(3) aspects of northern border security requiring additional 
resources and focus. Because of the sensitive nature of many 
aspects of this report, the Department should provide both an 
unclassified and, if necessary, classified version of the 
report.

    UNITED STATES VISITOR AND IMMIGRANT STATUS INDICATOR TECHNOLOGY

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................    $380,000,000

\1\ Included in the ``Customs and Border Protection'' account.

    The United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator 
Technology [US VISIT] project is to collect, maintain, and 
share appropriate information through an integrated information 
technology system to determine the eligibility of aliens for 
admissions and benefits.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $380,000,000, to be available 
until expended, for the US VISIT account. This appropriation 
represents full funding of the base request for the technology 
needs of the project. The personnel increases requested are 
addressed within the salaries and expenses accounts of the 
Bureau of Customs and Border Protection and the Bureau of 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
    Expenditure Plan.--The amount recommended is available for 
obligation only upon the submission of a comprehensive 
expenditure plan from the Secretary of Homeland Security for 
the US VISIT project that: (1) meets the capital planning and 
investment control review requirements established by the 
Office of Management Budget [OMB], including OMB Circular A-11, 
part 7; (2) complies with acquisition rules, requirements, 
guidelines, and systems acquisition management practices; (3) 
is reviewed by the General Accounting Office; and (4) has been 
approved by the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives. Further, the plan should include 
full out-year costs of the program; an explanation and costs of 
needed technology infrastructure upgrades; a complete staffing 
plan for the exit control activity and the entrance activity; 
and an explanation of how the program will ensure that 
information is properly communicated to the investigators of 
the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Separately, 
the Department is expected to submit a plan that explains the 
privacy policies that will be put in place to protect the 
information that is housed in the US VISIT system. Both the 
expenditure plan and the privacy plan shall be submitted to the 
Committee no later than 45 days after the enactment of this 
Act.
    Biometrics.--Integration of biometrics into the US VISIT 
system is a vital part of the overall success of this project. 
The biometric infrastructure that is being built should be a 
viable long-term solution that is interoperable with the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation's [FBI] Integrated Automated 
Fingerprint Identification System, and one that does not 
require significant re-engineering and re-investment in the 
future. The procurement decisions made for the overall US VISIT 
system should allow for a full and open competition to ensure 
that the most effective and cost efficient technology is used, 
including evaluation of commercially-available document 
validation systems and technology. In addition, a 
representative from both the Department of Justice and the FBI 
should be included on the US VISIT project team.

                     CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION

                                SUMMARY

    The Bureau of Customs and Border Protection [BCBP] was 
established by the Secretary of Homeland Security on January 
30, 2003, under statutory authority for reorganization 
contained in the Homeland Security Act of 2002. BCBP 
consolidates functions previously provided for specific 
functions of the United States Customs Service, the Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, and the Agricultural Quarantine 
Inspection program. The mission of BCBP is to enforce the laws 
regarding admission of foreign-born persons into the United 
States, and ensuring that all goods and persons entering and 
exiting the United States do so legally.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $5,745,485,000, 
including direct appropriations of $4,900,485,000, and 
estimated offsetting collections of $845,000,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations, as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2003  Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                                                 enacted           budget        recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Salaries and expenses \1\.............................    $5,710,608,000    $5,644,000,000    $4,366,000,000
    Harbor maintenance fee (by transfer)..................         2,981,000         3,000,000         3,000,000
    Automation modernization..............................  ................  ................       441,122,000
    Construction..........................................  ................  ................        90,363,000
Fee Collections:
    Immigration Inspection User Fee, estimate.............       519,000,000       509,000,000       509,000,000
    Immigration Examinations Fee, estimate................        24,000,000        25,000,000  ................
    Enforcement Fines, estimate...........................         7,000,000         6,000,000         6,000,000
    Land Border Inspection Fee, estimate..................        28,000,000        28,000,000        28,000,000
    COBRA, estimate.......................................       239,000,000       253,000,000       302,000,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total available.....................................     6,530,589,000     6,468,000,000     5,745,485,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The Bureau of Customs and Border Protection did not exist at the time the fiscal year 2003 appropriations,
  Public Law 108-7, was enacted into law. Appropriations for fiscal year 2003 are estimated to be
  $5,710,608,000, including $333,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by Public Law 108-11.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003....................................      (\1\ \3\ )
Budget estimate, 2004.............................\2\ \3\ $5,644,000,000
Committee recommendation...............................\3\ 4,366,000,000

\1\ The Bureau of Customs and Border Protection did not exist at the 
time the fiscal year 2003 appropriations were enacted into law. 
Appropriations for fiscal year 2003 are estimated to be $5,710,608,000, 
including $333,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by Public 
Law 108-11.
\2\ The fiscal year 2004 budget request includes $1,240,850,000 
recommended in separate accounts or realigned to other accounts.
\3\ Excludes additional funds derived from the Harbor Maintenance Fee.

    The Bureau of Customs and Border Protection [BCBP] Salaries 
and Expenses appropriation provides funds for border security, 
immigration, customs, and agricultural inspections. In addition 
to directly appropriated resources, offsetting collections area 
available for the operations of BCBP from the following 
sources:
    Immigration Inspection User Fees.--The Bureau collects user 
fees to fund the costs of international inspections activities 
at airports and seaports.
    Enforcement Fines.--The Bureau collects fines from owners 
of transportation lines and persons for unauthorized landing of 
aliens.
    Land Border Inspections Fees.--The Bureau collects fees for 
processing applications for the Dedicated Commuter Lanes 
program, the Automated Permit Ports program, the Canadian 
Border Boat Landing program, and both Canadian and Mexican Non-
Resident Alien Border Crossing Cards.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,366,000,000, for salaries and 
expenses of the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection [BCBP] 
for fiscal year 2004. An additional $3,000,000 is to be 
transferred from the Harbor Maintenance Fee. The Committee has 
included language in the bill making available up to $150,000 
for space for preclearance operations, and up to $5,000,000 
available for cooperative agreements with States and local 
governments. The bill also includes language placing a $30,000 
annual limit on overtime paid to any employee, and placing a 
cap of not to exceed $4,000,000 of the funds provided for 
activities to enforce laws against forced child labor to remain 
available until expended.
    The funding levels represented here depart from the fiscal 
year 2004 budget request as the Committee has presented several 
of the individual programs and activities as stand-alone 
appropriations and realigned base resources. The Committee has 
placed the resources for US VISIT ($380,000,000) in a separate 
account directly within the Office of the Under Secretary for 
Border and Transportation Security. The Committee has 
recommended a separate automation modernization account 
($441,122,000), and a separate construction account 
($95,363,000). In addition, the Committee has realigned base 
resources to reflect a higher level of salaries and expenses 
for the Air and Marine Interdiction program within the Bureau 
of Immigration and Customs Enforcement [BICE] ``Salaries and 
Expenses'' account ($128,574,000), a separate ``Air and Marine 
Interdiction, Operations, Maintenance and Procurement'' account 
under BICE ($173,391,000), and consolidation of ATLAS resources 
within BICE ($22,400,000). The Committee has also reduced the 
base resources by $18,000,000 to correct a transfer of funds 
double-counted in the budget, and reflected incorrectly in this 
account.
    Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism.--Included in 
the amount recommended by the Committee is $15,300,000, an 
increase of $12,100,000, as requested, for Customs-Trade 
Partnership Against Terrorism.
    Free and Secure Trade.--Included in the amount recommended 
by the Committee is $3,900,000, as requested, for the Free and 
Secure Trade Initiative.
    Container Security Initiative.--Included in the amount 
recommended by the Committee is an increase of $61,754,000, as 
requested, for expansion of the Container Security Initiative.
    Critical Equipment.--Included in the amount recommended by 
the Committee is $119,300,000, as requested, for critical 
equipment: $15,500,000 for wireless personal digital assistants 
with access to the Treasury Enforcement Communications System; 
$63,800,000 for deployment of radiation detection systems, 
mobile vehicle and cargo inspection systems, and isotope 
identifiers at land and sea ports; $6,800,000 for fiber optic 
scopes; $6,000,000 for license plate readers; $9,700,000 for 
expansion of the customs automated operations system; and 
$17,500,000 for the explosive and chemical detector canine 
program. The Committee expects the developmental activities 
associated with the explosives detection canine program begun 
in fiscal year 2003 to continue in fiscal year 2004.
    Non-Intrusive Inspection Equipment/Radiation Detectors.--
The Committee is concerned over the length of time it is taking 
the BCBP to initiate the evaluation of technologies for 
possible use in screening of cargo. This project was funded in 
the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003 (Public Law 
108-7), and BCBP has not taken adequate steps to undertake this 
effort. The Committee is aware of numerous new non-intrusive 
inspection and radiation detection technologies designed to 
improve the detection of explosives and hazardous materials at 
ports-of-entry. The Committee directs BCBP to move quickly to 
develop a testbed on which to evaluate all new and emerging 
technologies, such as gamma radiation detection systems for 
mobile and portal applications, palletized containers, and 
high-purity germanium detectors, and to coordinate such testing 
and evaluation with the Science and Technology Directorate. The 
Committee expects that the Department and BCBP will ensure that 
all procurements are through full and open competition to 
ensure the best value in terms of detection and efficiency.
    Information Technology Transformation to Homeland 
Security.--The Committee does not fund the requested 
$30,200,000 for information technology transformation to 
homeland security. The Committee notes that significant 
information technology infrastructure upgrades are, and will 
continue to be, funded through the US VISIT project. BCBP will 
be the primary beneficiary of this spending.
    International Trade Data System.--The request for funding 
for the International Trade Data System is addressed under the 
``Automation Modernization'' account.
    Agricultural Quarantine Inspection.--Included in the amount 
recommended by the Committee is an increase of $5,500,000, as 
requested, for agricultural inspections: $2,700,000 for 
additional agricultural canine teams; and $2,800,000 for 
inspectors and x-ray machines for use in detecting the presence 
of agricultural pests and diseases.
    Pay Upgrades.--Included in the amount recommended by the 
Committee is $13,000,000, as requested, for pay upgrades of 
inspectors and agents.
    ATLAS.--The request for funding for the information 
technology infrastructure program, known as ATLAS, is addressed 
under BICE.
    Personnel.--Rather than providing personnel specific to the 
support of the US VISIT project, the Committee recommends an 
additional $74,300,000 to enhance overall BCBP staffing.
    The Committee provides an increase of $33,300,000 for 
additional inspector personnel. The Committee continues to hear 
concerns over inadequate staffing at facilities across the 
country. The Committee directs BCBP to review staffing 
nationwide, and to submit a comprehensive deployment plan to 
include existing (direct and fee funded) and newly funded 
positions. Included in the amount recommended by the Committee 
is continued funding at the fiscal year 2003 level for part-
time and temporary positions in the Honolulu Customs District.
    In addition, the Committee provides an increase of 
$41,000,000 to fund 570 new border agent positions, bringing 
the total number of border agent positions to more than 11,650. 
The Committee directs BCBP to submit a deployment plan to the 
Committee for the new agents provided, and to ensure that this 
plan is coordinated with construction projects.
    Integrated Surveillance Information System.--The Committee 
understands that previously-appropriated funds for the 
Integrated Surveillance Information System [ISIS] remain 
unexpended. BCBP appears to be slow in obligating the funds and 
deploying the systems along both southern and northern borders. 
The Committee directs BCBP to quickly implement deployment of 
the systems as planned and to submit a report to the Committee 
no later than October 1, 2003, on the progress made in meeting 
this goal.
    Anti-Dumping Enforcement.--The Committee has ensured that 
of the amounts provided within this account sufficient funds 
are available to enforce the anti-dumping authority contained 
in section 764 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1675c).
    Immigration Inspection User Fees.--The Committee continues 
to be concerned about the financial health of this account and 
urges the Department to responsibly manage this program within 
the level of actual receipts. For fiscal year 2004, the 
Committee intends that, of the amounts collected, no less than 
$107,000,000 will be made available to the Bureau of 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--In accordance with the 21st 
Century Department of Justice Appropriations Authorization Act 
(Public Law 107-273), the Committee reflects no resources being 
available to BCBP from the Immigration Examinations fee 
account. Public Law 107-273 requires that the revenue generated 
from various forms that had been deposited in the Immigration 
Examinations fee account and then made available to the 
inspections program are now deposited directly into the Land 
Border Inspection fee account. The estimate included in the 
fiscal year 2004 budget for the Land Border Inspection fee is 
correct; the estimate included for the Immigration Examinations 
fee account was listed in error.
    Land Border Inspections Fees.--The Committee is concerned 
about the financial health of this account. BCBP should adjust 
the fees quickly to ensure an adequate revenue stream. The 
Department should responsibly manage this program within the 
level of actual receipts.
    COBRA Fees.--The Committee has included all of the 
estimated Consolidated Omnibus Budget Resolution Act (COBRA) 
fees within BCBP. All of the COBRA fees collected are to be 
used directly in support of inspections activities and are 
appropriately associated with BCBP.

                        AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................    $441,122,000

\1\ Included in the ``Customs and Border Protection'' account.

    The automation modernization account includes funds for 
major information technology systems and services for the 
Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, including the 
Automated Commercial Environment and the International Trade 
and Data System projects, and funds to improve the connectivity 
of and integration existing systems.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $441,122,000, to be available 
until expended, for automation modernization.
    International Trade Data Systems.--Included in the amount 
recommended is $11,900,000, an increase of $5,200,000, as 
requested, for the International Trade Data Systems. The 
Committee supports BCBP's strategy to implement an integrated, 
Government-wide system for the electronic collection, use, and 
dissemination of the international trade transaction data 
required by the various trade-related Federal agencies.
    Expenditure Plan.--Of the funds available in this account, 
not less than $318,690,000 is available for the development of 
the Automated Commercial Environment [ACE]. This funding is 
available for ACE only upon the submission of a comprehensive 
plan from the Secretary of Homeland Security for the ACE 
program that: (1) meets the capital planning and investment 
control review requirements established by the Office of 
Management Budget [OMB], including OMB Circular A-11, part 7; 
(2) complies with acquisition rules, requirements, guidelines, 
and systems acquisition management practices; (3) is reviewed 
by the General Accounting Office; and (4) has been approved by 
the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives.
    Consolidation.--The Committee recognizes the difficulty 
that will be encountered within the newly-merged agencies that 
make up BICE and BCBP, as well as the new BCIS, in determining 
responsibility for modernizing and supporting shared systems 
and the infrastructure supporting those systems. It is the 
expectation of the Committee that each of the bureaus will 
collaborate closely with the Chief Information Officer and each 
other to ensure that the needs of the frontline employees are 
being met, regardless of which bureau is supporting the legacy 
system.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................     $90,363,000

\1\ Included in the ``Customs and Border Protection'' account.

    This appropriation provides funding to plan, construct, 
renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities 
necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws 
relating to immigration, customs, and alien registration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $90,363,000 for construction 
activities of the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, to 
be available until expended.
    The Committee is aware of the need to address 
infrastructure at the Nation's land ports-of-entry. The 
Committee supports the implementation of the United States-
Mexico Border Partnership Action Plan. The plan calls for 
relief of bottlenecks by developing a prioritized list of 
infrastructure projects and taking action to relieve them, and 
conducting vulnerability assessments of trans-border 
infrastructure and communications and transportation networks 
to identify and take required protective measures. As part of 
the ``Smart Border'' accord, the Source Electronic Network for 
Travelers Rapid Inspection [SENTRI] program allows low-risk 
travelers to enter through a dedicated lane at our border with 
minimal or no delay. The Committee supports the expansion of 
the SENTRI program.
    The Committee directs the Department to work with the 
General Services Administration to develop a nationwide 
strategy to prioritize and address the infrastructure needs at 
the land ports-of-entry and to comply with the requirements of 
the Public Buildings Act of 1959 to seek necessary funding.
    In addition, BCBP should review the priority funding list 
for construction projects for the Border Patrol, and submit to 
the Committee an updated plan no later than July 1, 2004.

                  IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT

                                SUMMARY

    The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement [BICE] 
was established by the Secretary of Homeland Security on 
January 30, 2003, under statutory authority for reorganization 
contained in the Homeland Security Act of 2002. The mission of 
BICE is to enforce immigration and customs laws, detain and 
remove deportable or inadmissible aliens, and to provide 
security at Federal buildings through the Federal Protective 
Service. This account consolidates funding previously provided 
for specific functions of the U.S. Customs Service, the 
Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the Federal 
Buildings Fund.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $3,161,277,000, 
including direct appropriations of $2,464,066,000, estimated 
offsetting collections of $273,000,000, and a transfer of 
$424,211,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2003  Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                                                 enacted           budget        recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Salaries and expenses \1\.............................    $2,036,078,000    $2,063,000,000    $2,180,000,000
    Federal Buildings Fund (by transfer)..................       408,031,000       424,211,000       424,211,000
    Air and Marine Interdiction, Operation, Maintenance     ................  ................       257,291,000
     and Procurement......................................
    Construction..........................................  ................  ................        26,775,000
Fee Collections:
    Immigration Inspection User Fee, estimate.............       135,000,000       132,000,000       107,000,000
    Immigration Examinations Fee, estimate................  ................  ................        25,000,000
    Student and Exchange Visitor Program Fee, estimate....  ................  ................        25,000,000
    Immigration Breached Bond/Detention Fund, estimate....       171,000,000       116,000,000       116,000,000
    COBRA, estimate.......................................        49,000,000        49,000,000  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total available.....................................     2,799,109,000     2,784,211,000     3,161,277,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement did not exist at the time the fiscal year 2003
  appropriations were enacted into law. Appropriations for fiscal year 2003 are estimated to be $2,063,078,000,
  including $170,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by Public Law 108-11.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004.............................\2\ \3\ $2,063,000,000
Committee recommendation...............................\3\ 2,180,000,000

\1\ The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement did not exist at 
the time the fiscal year 2003 appropriations were enacted into law. 
Appropriations for fiscal year 2003 are estimated to be $2,036,078,000, 
including $170,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by Public 
Law 108-11.
\2\ The fiscal year 2004 budget request includes $26,775,000 for 
construction recommended in a separate account.
\3\ Excludes additional $424,211,000 derived from the General Services 
Administration Federal Buildings Fund.

    The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement [BICE] 
Salaries and Expenses account provides funds for the 
enforcement of immigration and customs laws, intelligence, 
detention and removals, and the air and marine interdiction 
program. In addition to directly appropriated resources, 
funding is derived from offsetting collections, and funds are 
transferred from the General Services Administration Federal 
Buildings Fund for the Federal Protective Service. Offsetting 
collections are derived from the following sources:
    Immigration Inspection User Fees.--The Bureau derives 
funding from user fees to fund the costs of detention and 
removals in connection to international inspections activities 
at airports and seaports.
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--The Bureau derives funding 
from fees paid by persons applying for immigration benefits to 
support the investigative and intelligence activities in 
connection with adjudication of applications.
    Student Exchange Visitor Program Fees.--The Bureau collects 
fees from foreign student and exchange visitors, and from 
schools and universities for certification. These resources are 
for salaries and expenses for certifying and monitoring 
participating schools, and conducting compliance audits.
    Immigration Breached Bond/Detention Fund.--The Bureau 
derives funding from the recovery of breached cash and surety 
bonds in excess of $8,000,000; resources are also available in 
this account from a portion of fees charged under section 
245(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to support the 
detention of aliens.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $2,180,000,000, for salaries and 
expenses of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement 
[BICE] for fiscal year 2004. An additional $424,211,000 is to 
be transferred from the General Services Administration Federal 
Buildings Fund for the Federal Protective Service. The 
Committee expects that not less than $100,000 of the total 
appropriations recommended will be for promotion of public 
awareness of the child pornography tipline, and not less than 
$200,000 shall be for Project Alert.
    The Committee has included language in the bill placing a 
$30,000 limit on overtime paid to any employee; making up to 
$5,000,000 available for special operations; and making up to 
$5,000,000 available to reimburse other Federal agencies for 
the costs associated with smuggled illegal aliens. The 
Committee has also included language in the bill making 
available up to $1,000,000 of the funds provided for activities 
to enforce laws against forced child labor available until 
expended.
    Adjustments have been made to the level of resources 
provided, as explained in the BCBP ``Salaries and Expenses'' 
account in this report. In addition, the Committee has 
recommended a separate account for construction ($26,775,000).
    ATLAS.--Included in the amount recommended by the Committee 
is the consolidation of the requested level of $40,000,000 
($22,400,000 from BCBP and the $17,600,000 requested in this 
account), to be available until expended, for information 
technology modernization, referred to as ATLAS. As noted under 
the BCBP ``Automation Modernization'' account, the Committee 
expects close coordination across the new Border and 
Transportation Security Directorate in meeting the needs of the 
frontline employees. The funds provided here are to assist in 
the modernization of the systems used by Bureau of Citizenship 
and Immigration Services [BCIS], until such time as the 
Department has submitted a comprehensive plan for the division 
of the personnel and resources of the former Immigration and 
Naturalization Service, which should include an explanation of 
who will be responsible for the information technology needs of 
BCIS.
    Personnel.--Rather than providing personnel specific to the 
support of the US VISIT project, the Committee recommends an 
additional $28,300,000 to enhance BICE staffing.
    The Committee provides an increase of $5,400,000 and 36 
positions to staff a new northern border airwing base.
    The Committee also provides an additional $20,300,000 and 
173 positions (155 special agents) to increase investigations 
staffing: $6,700,000 for compliance monitoring; and $13,600,000 
for smuggling/public safety investigations, to include human 
trafficking, contraband smuggling, transshipment and trade 
enforcement, and commercial fraud. The Committee recognizes the 
need to devote additional resources to the core investigative 
missions of BICE. The Committee expects BICE to review staffing 
nationwide, and to submit a comprehensive deployment plan, to 
include existing and newly funded positions.
    Further, the Committee provides an increase of $2,600,000 
and 22 positions to increase intelligence staffing to support 
the investigations of compliance monitoring, human trafficking, 
contraband smuggling, and commercial fraud.
    Immigration Examinations Fee.--The fiscal year 2004 budget 
does not include a separate estimate for the Immigration 
Examinations fee within BICE. The Immigration Examinations fee 
estimate was incorrectly included within the estimate for the 
Immigration Inspections User fee account. The Committee has 
reflected an accurate split.
    Student and Exchange Visitor Program Fees.--The fiscal year 
2004 budget does not include a separate estimate for the 
Student and Exchange Visitor Program [SEVP] fees. The Committee 
has included an estimate of $25,000,000 to support the program.
    The Committee is concerned about the establishment of the 
SEVP program within BICE. The accurate tracking of foreign 
students in the United States is vital to protecting our 
Nation. This program is in jeopardy without strong program 
management. The Department is directed to submit to the 
Committee an annual review of the program. This review should 
include a discussion of its effectiveness, compliance by 
certified schools, status of compliance reviews, the rate of 
student non-compliance, and the results of investigations. The 
first report is to be submitted by December 31, 2003.
    COBRA Fees.--The Committee has reflected all of the 
estimated Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
[COBRA] fees within BCBP. All of the COBRA fees collected are 
to be used directly in support of inspections activities and 
are appropriately associated with BCBP.

  AIR AND MARINE INTERDICTION, OPERATIONS, MAINTENANCE AND PROCUREMENT

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................    $257,291,000

\1\ Included in the ``Customs and Border Protection'' account.

    The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement [BICE] 
Air and Marine Interdiction Program combats the illegal entry 
of narcotics and other goods into the United States. This 
appropriation provides capital procurement and total operations 
and maintenance for the BICE air and marine program. This 
program also provides support for the interdiction of narcotics 
by other Federal, State and local agencies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $257,291,000 for air and marine 
interdiction, operations, maintenance, and procurement, to be 
available until expended.
    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $66,200,000 to establish one northern border 
airwing, which includes $43,800,000 for acquisition of 
additional aircraft. The Committee recognizes the need to 
permanently monitor air activity along the northern border. 
Today, there are no permanently assigned air resources 
associated with the Air and Marine Interdiction Program along 
the northern border. This leaves the Nation vulnerable to 
illegal incursions by terrorist, drug smugglers and other 
criminals. The establishment of this airwing will allow BICE to 
extend its reach to an at-risk area of the Nation's airspace.
    The Committee understands that a 5-year comprehensive plan 
is being finalized for the Air and Marine Interdiction Program. 
The Committee expects that this plan will address the need for 
full coverage of the northern border. The plan should also 
address the current facilities used for housing aircraft, 
including the P-3's, many of which are using temporary or 
inadequate hangars.
    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $17,700,000 to complete the aviation 
standardization project. The Air and Marine Interdiction 
Program has made a concerted effort to standardize its aviation 
assets in order to enhance operational safety and facilitate 
uniformity in aviation training. This provides the third 
installment of funding for this program.
    The Committee is aware that the Air and Marine Interdiction 
Program is developing a visual computing network [VCN] to 
provide the means for the AMICC to securely deploy critical 
real-time surveillance information to its regional branches and 
other agencies involved in homeland security operations. The 
Committee supports the continued development of the VCN.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................     $26,775,000

\1\ Included in the ``Immigration and Customs Enforcement'' account.

    This appropriation provides funding to plan, construct, 
renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities 
necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws 
relating to immigration, detention, and alien registration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $26,775,000, to be available until 
expended, for activities of the Bureau of Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement construction account. This is the full 
amount requested in the budget.

                 Transportation Security Administration

    The Transportation Security Administration [TSA] was 
established on November 19, 2001, with the enactment of Public 
Law 107-71, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. The 
Aviation and Transportation Security Act originally created TSA 
within the Department of Transportation and identified a series 
of objectives and authorities under which TSA would improve 
security across all modes of transportation for the American 
public, and for the first time, made overall aviation security 
a direct Federal responsibility. Public Law 107-296, the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002, transferred the Transportation 
Security Administration from the Department of Transportation 
to the Department of Homeland Security. The Transportation 
Security Administration is charged with ensuring security 
across the U.S. transportation systems, including aviation, 
railways, highways, pipelines, and waterways, and safeguarding 
the freedom of movement of people and commerce. Separate 
appropriations are provided for the following activities within 
TSA: aviation security; maritime and land security; 
intelligence; research and development; and administration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$5,395,900,000 for activities of the Transportation Security 
Administration for fiscal year 2004.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

                                 TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee
                                                                   2003 enacted     2004 budget   recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aviation Security...............................................   \1\ 5,131,944       4,216,800       4,523,900
Maritime and Land...............................................     \1\ 263,209          85,500         295,000
Intelligence....................................................  ..............          13,600          13,600
Research and Development........................................         109,484          75,200         130,200
Administration..................................................         306,693         420,900         433,200
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations.....................................   \1\ 5,826,500       4,812,000       5,395,900
                                                                 ===============================================
Offsetting collections..........................................      -2,650,000      -2,070,000      -2,070,000
FAA reimbursement...............................................        -143,000  ..............  ..............
Grants to air carriers..........................................   \2\ 2,395,750  ..............  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administration.............   \1\ 5,414,080       2,742,000       3,325,900
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $665,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by Public Law 108-11.
\2\ Provided by Public Law 108-11.

                           AVIATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................  $5,131,944,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................   4,216,800,000
Committee recommendation................................   4,523,900,000

\1\ Includes $645,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11, including an additional $235,000,000 for airport 
modifications and $280,000,000 for passenger screening hiring and 
training.

    Aviation security focuses on the transition of aviation 
security to a complete Federal aviation security operation by 
employing the most efficient screening of all passengers and 
baggage, deployment of on-site law enforcement, continuation of 
a uniform set of background requirements for airport and 
airline personnel, deployment of the most current explosive 
detection technology, and the creation of a model workplace.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,523,900,000 for aviation 
security. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations, as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Passenger screening.................         1,801,200         1,806,700
Baggage screening...................           943,800         1,378,300
Airport support and enforcement              1,471,800         1,338,900
 presence...........................
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Aviation Security......         4,216,800         4,523,900
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Passenger Screening.--The Committee recommends 
$1,806,700,000 for passenger screening activities. The 
following table summarizes the Committee's recommendations as 
compared to the budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Screening pilot project (5 airports)           112,000           112,000
Passenger screeners--PC&B...........;         1,319,600         1,319,600
Passenger screeners, supplies.......            42,300            42,300
Human resource services.............           153,300           149,000
Passenger screener training contract            71,800            71,800
Planning and deployment.............  ................            10,000
Checkpoint equipment................            38,200            36,000
Checkpoint equipment maintenance....             5,000             5,000
Electronic surveillance.............            14,000            16,000
Computer Assisted Passenger Pre-                35,000            35,000
 screening System II................
Credentialing and registered                     5,000             5,000
 traveler programs..................
Gate screening initiative...........             5,000             5,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Passenger Screening....         1,801,200         1,806,700
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for the planning and 
reconfiguring of passenger screening checkpoints for high 
volume, high-risk airports to enhance the efficiency of 
screening passengers and to reduce wait time.
    The Committee recommends $16,000,000 for the continued 
installation of electronic surveillance of airport passenger 
and baggage screening areas.
    Baggage Screening.--The Committee recommends $1,378,300,000 
for baggage screening activities. The following table 
summarizes the Committee's recommendations as compared to the 
budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Baggage screeners...................           774,200           774,200
Baggage screeners, supplies.........            24,000            24,000
Baggage screener training contract..            45,500            45,500
EDS/ETD procurement.................  ................           150,500
EDS/ETD installation/airport          ................           309,000
 modifications--LOIs................
EDS/ETD maintenance & utilities.....           100,000            75,000
Checked baggage data system.........               100               100
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Baggage Screening......           943,800         1,378,300
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommends $150,500,000 for the procurement 
of explosive detection systems and explosive trace detection 
machines in order to provide airports the ability to screen all 
passenger baggage electronically.
    The Committee recommends $309,000,000 for the installation 
of explosive detection equipment. The Committee believes that a 
strong commitment to the letters of intent program to install 
explosive detection systems in an in-line system is an 
important component to improve passenger security, reduce 
passenger wait time, and increase efficiencies of passenger and 
baggage screeners.
    Airport Support and Enforcement Presence.--The Committee 
recommends $1,338,900,000 for airport support and enforcement 
presence. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Canine units........................            17,000            12,000
Federal Air Marshals................           600,000           600,000
Air-ground communication, Federal     ................            10,000
 Air Marshals.......................
State & local reimbursable                     225,000           170,000
 agreements.........................
Law enforcement officers, personnel              2,500             2,500
 compensation/benefits..............
Law enforcement case management                  2,300             2,300
 system.............................
Airport support mangagement & staff.           403,800           358,000
Airport rent & furniture............           105,600            71,000
Airport parking/transit benefits/               15,000            12,500
 vehicle leases.....................
Airport checkpoint & baggage                    50,000            40,000
 information technology.............
Command centers.....................             5,600             5,600
Federal flight deck officer training            25,000            25,000
Air cargo security..................            20,000            30,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Airport Support and             1,471,800         1,338,900
       Enforcement Presence.........
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommends $170,000,000 for State and local 
reimbursement agreements for local law enforcement officers. 
The recommendation reflects flexibility provided for law 
enforcement personnel in airports by Public Law 108-7 and more 
current budget assumptions of the Department.
    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 to further enhance the 
screening of air cargo.
    The Committee is concerned about increasing passenger 
screening times at a number of our Nation's largest airports. 
Recent TSA screener force reductions have caused passenger 
screening to often exceed the agency's 10 minute standard, 
affecting the efficient operation of the national aviation 
system. The Committee directs TSA to provide the necessary 
personnel at our Nation's largest airports to ensure the 10 
minute passenger screening standard is consistently met, not 
just on average. The Committee further directs TSA to work with 
airports to share appropriate law enforcement personnel costs 
as directed by Public Law 108-7.
    The Committee expects TSA to continue funding of the toll-
free number 1-866-GA-Secure to reinforce security at the 
Nation's 5,400 public use general aviation airports.

                       MARITIME AND LAND SECURITY

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $263,209,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................      85,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     295,000,000

\1\ Includes $20,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11.

    Maritime and Land operations provide funds for grants to 
improve the security of port, bus, and cargo; design a 
terrorism risk assessment tool tailored specifically to 
maritime and surface transportation facilities; and developing 
passenger vessel and transportation infrastructure security 
regulations that will help to assess and improve the security 
of transportation facilities and infrastructure.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $295,000,000 for maritime and land 
security. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Port security grants................  ................           150,000
Transportation Worker Identification            55,000            35,000
 Credentialing [TWIC]...............
Intercity bus security..............  ................            10,000
Operation Safe Commerce.............             2,500            30,000
Trucking industry grants............  ................            25,000
Hazardous materials permit program/   ................            13,000
 truck tracking.....................
Nuclear detection and monitoring....  ................             4,000
Staffing............................            28,000            28,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Maritime & Land                    85,500           295,000
       Security.....................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee is aware of the need for facilities 
infrastructure improvements to better secure our Nation's ports 
from acts of terrorism and recommends $150,000,000 for port 
security grants.
    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for intercity bus 
security grants for the improvement of ticket identification, 
the installation of driver shields, the enhancement of 
emergency communications, and further implementation of 
passenger screening.
    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for Operation Safe 
Commerce to improve security for the movement of cargo through 
the supply chain and to expand this initiative and its learned 
efficiencies to other ports.
    The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for trucking industry 
grants to expand the Highway Watch Grant program and 
$13,000,000 for the hazardous materials permit program and 
truck tracking system to provide for nationwide coverage.
    As the Transportation Security Administration works to 
implement the transportation worker identification card [TWIC] 
program the Committee encourages TSA to evaluate all 
technologies, including those currently in use in other Federal 
agencies including Department of Defense and the Department of 
the Treasury, to ensure that the most secure and cost efficient 
identification card is developed.

                              INTELLIGENCE

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     $13,600,000
Committee recommendation................................      13,600,000

\1\ Included under ``Administration''.

    The Transportation Security Administration is the primary 
liaison for transportation security to the intelligence and law 
enforcement communities to provide current and strategic 
warnings regarding threats to the Nation's transportation modes 
and the identification of trends and changes in assessments of 
any threats to the safety of transportation.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $13,600,000 for intelligence 
operations. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Intelligence operations.............            13,600            13,600
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Intelligence...........            13,600            13,600
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $109,484,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................      75,200,000
Committee recommendation................................     130,200,000

    Research and development activities of the Transportation 
Security Administration focus on the prevention of terrorist-
committed criminal civil aviation security incidents by 
developing technologies and standards to counter traditional 
and non-traditional threats.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $130,200,000 for research and 
development. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research & development                          55,200            55,200
 (Technological center).............
Next generation EDS.................            10,000            45,000
Air cargo pilot program.............            10,000            30,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Research & Development.            75,200           130,200
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee believes that the evolution of explosive 
detection systems is a central component to reducing passenger 
and baggage screeners and increasing the safety of passengers. 
The Committee recommends $45,000,000 for research and 
development of next generation explosive detection systems.
    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for research and 
development of new air cargo security improvements.

                             ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $306,693,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     420,900,000
Committee recommendation................................     433,200,000

    Administration of the Transportation Security 
Administration provides for the support of financial and human 
resources support; information technology support; policy 
development and oversight; performance management and e-
government; communication, public information and legislative 
affairs; training and quality performance; internal conduct and 
audit; legal advice; and the overall administration of 
headquarters.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $433,200,000 for TSA 
administration. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the budget request levels:

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                                           budget        recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Headquarters staff:
    Personnel compensation &                   141,100           141,100
     benefits.......................
    Background checks...............  ................            12,000
    Rental space....................            21,800            21,800
    Furniture.......................             3,700             3,700
    Transit benefits & parking......             1,100             1,100
                                     -----------------------------------
      Subtotal, Headquarters........           167,700           179,700
                                     ===================================
Intelligence........................           ( \1\ )           ( \1\ )
Field Administration: Mission                   40,000            40,000
 Support Centers....................
Information technology:
    Core activities.................           145,200           145,200
    Time & attendance...............            15,000            15,000
    Performance management system...             5,000             5,000
    E-government platform...........             5,000             5,000
    Planet asset database...........             5,000             5,000
    TSA call center.................             1,900             1,900
    CFO/Personnel systems...........            21,000            21,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Subtotal, Information                    198,100           198,100
       Technology...................
                                     ===================================
Training:
    Computer-based/Web-based                     1,000             1,000
     training.......................
    Training evaluation program.....               200               200
    Leadership training.............             4,000             4,000
    Tuition assistance program......             1,000             1,000
    Quality systems.................             2,500             2,500
    Workforce planning..............               300               300
    Regulatory training division....             3,200             3,200
    Training evaluation & standards.             1,700             1,700
    Learning management system                   1,500             1,500
     support........................
    Offsetting savings..............              -300  ................
                                     -----------------------------------
      Subtotal, Training............            15,100            15,400
                                     ===================================
      Total, Administration.........           420,900           433,200
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Included in the fiscal year 2004 recommendation under separate
  title.

    The Committee recommends $12,000,000 for the Transportation 
Security Administration to conduct background investigations of 
security screeners as authorized by section 111 of the Aviation 
and Transportation Security Act of 2001.

                       United States Coast Guard


                                SUMMARY

    The United States Coast Guard was established on January 
28, 1915, through the merger of the Revenue Cutter Service and 
the Lifesaving Service. In 1939, the United States Lighthouse 
Service was transferred to the Coast Guard, followed by the 
Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation in 1942. The Coast 
Guard has as its primary responsibilities the enforcement of 
all applicable Federal laws on the high seas and waters subject 
to the jurisdiction of the United States; promotion of safety 
of life and property at sea; assistance to navigation; 
protection of the marine environment; and maintenance of a 
state of readiness to function as a specialized service in the 
Navy in time of war, as authorized by sections 1 and 2 of title 
14, United States Code.
    On March 1, 2003, the United States Coast Guard transferred 
in its entirety from the Department of Transportation to the 
Department of Homeland Security in accordance with the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-296). The Commandant of 
the Coast Guard reports directly to the Secretary of the 
Department of Homeland Security.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$6,886,000,000 for the activities of the Coast Guard for fiscal 
year 2004. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations, as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2003   Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                        Program                               enacted            estimate       recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operating Expenses.....................................  \1\ $4,522,028,00  \2\ $4,838,000,00  \3\ $4,719,000,00
                                                                         0                  0                  0
Environmental Compliance and Restoration...............         16,890,000  .................         17,000,000
Reserve Training.......................................         85,933,000  .................         95,000,000
Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements............    \4\ 720,277,000    \5\ 797,000,000      1,035,000,000
Alteration of Bridges..................................         17,088,000  .................            ( \6\ )
Research, Development, Test and Evaluation.............         21,857,000  .................  .................
Retired Pay (mandatory)................................        889,000,000      1,020,000,000      1,020,000,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total............................................      6,273,000,000      6,655,000,000      6,886,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $228,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by Public Law 108-11, but excludes an
  additional $400,000,000 provided by transfer from the Department of Defense pursuant to Public Law 108-11.
\2\ Includes $17,000,000 for Environmental Compliance and Restoration and $114,000,000 for Reserve Training.
\3\ Excludes $71,000,000 rescission of funds appropriated by Public Law 108-11.
\4\ Includes $17,000,000 rescission.
\5\ Includes $22,000,000 for research, development, test and evaluation.
\6\ Included in ``Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements''.

                           OPERATING EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................  $4,522,028,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \2\...............................   4,838,000,000
Committee recommendation \3\............................   4,719,000,000

\1\ Includes $228,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11, but excludes an additional $400,000,000 provided by 
transfer from the Department of Defense pursuant to Public Law 108-11.
\2\ Includes funding for Environmental Compliance and Restoration and 
Reserve Training.
\3\ Excludes $71,000,000 rescission of funds appropriated by Public Law 
108-11.

    The Operating Expenses appropriation provides funds for the 
operation and maintenance of multipurpose vessels, aircraft, 
and shore units strategically located along the coasts and 
inland waterways of the United States and in selected areas 
overseas. The program activities of this appropriation fall 
into the following categories:
    Search and Rescue.--As one of its earliest and most 
traditional missions, the Coast Guard maintains a nationwide 
system of boats, aircraft, cutters, and rescue coordination 
centers on 24-hour alert.
    Aids to Navigation.--To help mariners determine their 
location and avoid accidents, the Coast Guard maintains a 
network of manned and unmanned aids to navigation along the 
Nation's coasts and on its inland waterways, and operates radio 
stations in the United States and abroad to serve the needs of 
the armed services and marine and air commerce.
    Marine Safety.--The Coast Guard ensures compliance with 
Federal statutes and regulations designed to improve safety in 
the merchant marine industry and operates a recreational 
boating safety program.
    Marine Environmental Protection.--The primary objectives of 
the marine environmental protection program are to minimize the 
dangers of marine pollution and to assure the safety of U.S. 
ports and waterways.
    Enforcement of Laws and Treaties.--The Coast Guard is the 
principal maritime enforcement agency with regard to Federal 
laws on the navigable waters of the United States and the high 
seas, including fisheries, drug smuggling, illegal immigration, 
and hijacking of vessels.
    Ice Operations.--In the Arctic and Antarctic, Coast Guard 
icebreakers escort supply ships, support research activities 
and Department of Defense operations, survey uncharted waters, 
and collect scientific data. The Coast Guard also assists 
commercial vessels through ice-covered waters.
    Defense Readiness.--During peacetime, the Coast Guard 
maintains an effective state of military preparedness to 
operate as a service in the Navy in time of war or national 
emergency at the direction of the President. As such, the Coast 
Guard has primary responsibility for the security of ports, 
waterways, and navigable waters up to 200 miles offshore.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,719,000,000 for Coast Guard 
Operating Expenses, including $25,000,000 from the Oil Spill 
Liability Trust Fund, and $340,000,000 for the Coast Guard's 
defense-related activities including drug interdiction.
    In addition, the Committee rescinds $71,000,000 of the 
funds made available by Public Law 108-11, but no longer 
required for ``Operation Liberty Shield''.
    The fiscal year 2004 budget estimate includes funding for 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration and Reserve Training 
within the Operating Expenses account. The Committee recommends 
separate appropriations for those accounts.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations, as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Fiscal year 2003  Fiscal year 2004       Committee
            Program, Project and Activities                   enacted        estimate \1\    recommendations \1\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Personnel resources:
    Military pay and benefits..........................    $1,784,978,000    $1,993,713,000      $1,993,713,000
    Civilian pay and benefits..........................       372,234,000       381,246,000         381,246,000
    Military health care...............................       428,060,000       464,890,000         464,890,000
    Permanent change of station and related travel and         93,241,000       105,184,000         105,184,000
     transportation....................................
    Training and education.............................       102,203,000       110,638,000         110,638,000
    Recruiting.........................................        20,112,000        20,702,000          20,702,000
    FECA/UCX...........................................         4,420,000         4,420,000           4,420,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.........................................     2,805,248,000     3,080,793,000       3,080,793,000
                                                        ========================================================
Operating funds and unit level maintenance:
    Atlantic area command..............................       127,905,000       146,964,000         146,964,000
    Pacific area command...............................       144,293,000       162,790,000         162,790,000
    District commands:
        1st district...................................        36,840,000        38,708,000          38,708,000
        7th district...................................        46,603,000        54,498,000          54,498,000
        8th district...................................        31,087,000        39,150,000          39,150,000
        9th district...................................        19,675,000        20,860,000          20,860,000
        13th district..................................        15,290,000        16,050,000          16,050,000
        14th district..................................        11,154,000        11,522,000          11,522,000
        17th district..................................        20,534,000        21,052,000          33,052,000
    Headquarters directorates..........................       362,316,000       415,913,000         415,913,000
    Headquarters managed units.........................       100,437,000       111,310,000         111,310,000
    Other activities...................................         2,240,000         2,290,000           2,290,000
    Department of Homeland Security administrative serv- ................       -23,000,000         -23,000,000
      ices.............................................
                                                        ========================================================
        Subtotal.......................................       918,374,000     1,018,107,000       1,030,107,000
                                                        ========================================================
Intermediate and depot level maintenance:
    Aircraft maintenance...............................       204,194,000       218,771,000         218,771,000
    Electronic maintenance.............................        83,328,000        89,889,000          89,889,000
    Ocean engineering and shore facility maintenance...       150,186,000       152,048,000         152,048,000
    Vessel maintenance.................................       132,698,000       147,392,000         147,392,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal.........................................       570,406,000       608,100,000         608,100,000
                                                        ========================================================
Emergency wartime supplemental (Public Law 108-11).....       228,000,000  ................  ...................
                                                        ========================================================
      Total, operating expenses........................     4,522,028,000     4,707,000,000       4,719,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Does not include funding for Environmental Compliance and Restoration or Reserve Training.

    Automated Secure Vessel Tracking System.--The Committee 
understands that the Coast Guard is currently developing 
standards of technology for an Automated Secure Vessel Tracking 
System [ASVTS] to be used for tracking marine vessel positions 
and movements. The Committee supports technology that will 
provide Maritime Domain Awareness by providing the Coast Guard 
and Department with information on long-range tracking of deep 
draft vessels en route and operating in U.S. waters, thereby 
achieving an enhanced level of maritime and homeland security. 
The Committee directs the Coast Guard to complete these 
standards within 90 days of enactment of this Act.
    Ballast Water Management Program.--Included in the 
Committee recommendation is $4,000,000 to assist the Coast 
Guard in transitioning the ballast water management program 
from a voluntary to a mandatory enforcement of guidelines for 
the prevention of the introduction of aquatic nuisance species 
into waters of the United States through the ballast water of 
ships.
    Coast Guard Yard.--The Committee recognizes the Coast Guard 
Yard at Curtis Bay, Maryland, is a critical component of the 
Coast Guard's core logistics capability that directly supports 
fleet readiness. The Committee further recognizes that the yard 
has been a vital part of the Coast Guard's readiness and 
infrastructure for more than 100 years and believes that 
sufficient industrial work should be assigned to the Yard to 
maintain this capability.
    Facilities.--The Committee understands that the Coast Guard 
has had meaningful discussions with the Riverfront Development 
Corporation and the City of Memphis, Tennessee, regarding plans 
to relocate Coast Guard facilities from their current position 
on the Memphis Riverfront to another location. The Coast Guard 
is encouraged to continue these discussions and to keep the 
Committee apprised of future conversations and any decisions 
made about the relocation of Coast Guard facilities.
    Joint Harbor Operations Center.--The Committee is aware of 
the close working relationship that has developed between the 
Coast Guard and U.S. Navy in efforts to enhance maritime 
Homeland Security. The Coast Guard's employment of Navy Patrol 
Coastal Craft and discussions exploring the creation and joint 
manning of Joint Harbor Operations Center [JHOC] is 
encouraging.
    As the Coast Guard develops its Homeland Security-Maritime 
[HLS-M] concepts of operations, the Committee encourages 
continued development of surveillance and security technologies 
with the U.S. Navy, and believes the Coast Guard should 
leverage existing infrastructure and capabilities such as the 
Littoral Surveillance System [LSS] in order to maximize 
coordination and to eliminate or avoid redundancies.
    To better develop synergies with the Navy in the common 
anti-terrorism and force protection [ATFP]/HLS-M mission, the 
Coast Guard is strongly encouraged to continue working with the 
Navy in establishing Joint Harbor Operations Centers while 
leveraging the unique capabilities provided by the Navy 
Reserves' LSS infrastructure and consider co-locating Coast 
Guard Patrol Coastal [PC].
    Marine Fire and Safety Association.--The Committee remains 
supportive of efforts by the Marine Fire and Safety Association 
[MFSA] to provide specialized firefighting training and 
maintain an oil spill response contingency plan for the 
Columbia River. The Committee encourages the Secretary to 
provide funding for MFSA consistent with the authorization.
    Marine Vessel and Cold Water Safety Education.--The 
Committee encourages the Coast Guard to continue existing 
cooperative agreements and partnerships with organizations that 
provide marine vessel safety training and cold water immersion 
education and outreach programs for fishermen and children.
    Maritime Safety and Security Teams.--The Committee 
recommends $76,000,000 for the Maritime Safety and Security 
Teams [MSST] to fund a total of seven MSST's, which provide 
antiterrorism force protection for strategic shipping, high 
interest vessels and critical infrastructure in our Nation's 
seaports.
    Maritime Transportation Security Plan.--In accordance with 
Public Law 107-295, the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 
2002, the Coast Guard serves as the lead agency to develop a 
National Maritime Transportation Security Plan, develop 
maritime transportation security plans for designated areas, 
and review all security plans prepared by vessel or facility 
owners or operators. To meet requirements set in Public Law 
107-295, vessel and facility owners must submit security plans 
to the Coast Guard for review and approval within 6 months of 
that notice. The Committee understands that based on Coast 
Guard estimates, approximately 10,000 vessel security plans and 
5,000 facility security plans will be submitted to the Coast 
Guard for review and approval. In order to meet the entry-into-
force date of the new International Ship and Port Facility 
Security Code and Safety-of-Life at Sea amendments, the Coast 
Guard must review and approve all plans by July 1, 2004. The 
Committee directs the Coast Guard to submit a report to the 
Committee within 90 days of enactment of this Act describing 
how it plans to meet these obligations, including the budgetary 
resources necessary to complete the development, review and 
approval of these plans.
    Merchant Mariner Licensing and Documentation.--The 
Committee understands that the Coast Guard National Maritime 
Center is planning the centralization of the Merchant Mariner 
Licensing and Documentation [MMLD] function. As part of the 
plan, the Committee directs the Coast Guard to undertake a 
cost-benefit analysis of co-locating the centralized Merchant 
Mariner Licensing and Documentation function with the Coast 
Guard's National Vessel Documentation Center. The results of 
this analysis are to be provided to the Committee 30 days 
following the completion of the MMLD Centralization plan, but 
no later than October 1, 2003.
    North Pacific Maritime Boundary Line Technology.--The 
Committee is concerned with the number of foreign fishing 
vessels crossing the Maritime Boundary Line in the North 
Pacific and the Coast Guard's reduced emphasis on fisheries 
enforcement. The Committee notes that the Coast Guard is 
required to comply with Section 888 of the Homeland Security 
Act of 2002 (Public Law 108-7). The Committee directs the 
Commandant of the Coast Guard to review technologies that would 
enhance and provide for greater Coast Guard presence along the 
North Pacific Maritime Boundary Line and report to the 
Committee by January 30, 2004. In addition to Deepwater assets, 
the following technologies are to be considered: (1) Unmanned 
Aerial Vehicles, (2) sensors, (3) and other appropriate 
technologies.
    Quarterly Acquisition and Mission Emphasis Reports.--The 
Commandant is directed to continue to submit the quarterly 
acquisition and mission emphasis reports to the Committee 
consistent with the deadlines articulated under Section 360 of 
Division I of Public Law 108-7.
    Station Indian River Inlet.--The Committee is aware that a 
staffing shortage may exist at Coast Guard Station Indian River 
Inlet following the addition of new security requirements. The 
station acts as the gateway to the ports of Wilmington, 
Delaware, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The men and women at 
this station maintain a safe and secure waterway for vessels 
traveling to these ports. They also provide waterside security 
for the Salem Nuclear Power Plant, bridges over navigational 
waters, oil refineries and tourist attractions along the 
Delaware River, Delaware Bay and Delaware's Atlantic Coast. As 
such, the Commandant is encouraged to evaluate the staffing 
levels at this station to determine if additional staffing is 
necessary.

                ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

Appropriations, 2003....................................     $16,890,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \1\...............................................
Committee recommendation................................      17,000,000

\1\ Included in the fiscal year 2004 budget estimate for ``Operating 
Expenses''.

    The Environmental Compliance and Restoration account 
provides funds to address environmental problems at former and 
current Coast Guard units as required by applicable Federal, 
State, and local environmental laws and regulations. Planned 
expenditures for these funds include major upgrades to 
petroleum and regulated-substance storage tanks, restoration of 
contaminated ground water and soils, remediation efforts at 
hazardous substance disposal sites, and initial site surveys 
and actions necessary to bring Coast Guard shore facilities and 
vessels into compliance with environmental laws and 
regulations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $17,000,000 for environmental 
compliance and restoration.
    The Committee does not agree with the fiscal year 2004 
budget request to combine environmental compliance and 
restoration funding with the operating expenses account.

                            RESERVE TRAINING

Appropriations, 2003....................................     $85,933,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \1\...............................................
Committee recommendation................................      95,000,000

\1\ Included in the fiscal year 2004 budget estimate for ``Operating 
Expenses''.

    The Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security is 
required to adequately support the development and training of 
a Reserve force to ensure that the Coast Guard will be 
sufficiently organized, manned, and equipped to fully perform 
its wartime missions. The purpose of the Reserve training 
program is to provide trained units and qualified persons for 
active duty in the Coast Guard in time of war or national 
emergency, or at such other times as the national security 
requires. Coast Guard reservists must also train for 
mobilization assignments that are unique to the Coast Guard in 
times of war, such as port security operations associated with 
the Coast Guard's Maritime Defense Zone [MDZ] mission and 
include deployable port security units.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $95,000,000 for reserve training.
    The Committee does not agree with the fiscal year 2004 
budget request to combine reserve training funding with the 
operating expenses account.

              ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, AND IMPROVEMENTS

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $720,277,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     797,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,035,000,000

\1\ Includes $17,000,000 rescission.

    Funding requested in this account will support the Coast 
Guard's continuing plans for fleet expansion and improvement 
and alteration or removal of obstructive bridges.
    The majority of the funding requested in this account 
provides for the acquisition, construction, and improvement of 
vessels, aircraft, information management resources, shore 
facilities, and aids to navigation required to execute the 
Coast Guard's missions and achieve its performance goals.
    Vessels.--In fiscal year 2004, the Coast Guard will 
continue to acquire multi-mission platforms that use advanced 
technology to reduce life cycle operating costs. The Great 
Lakes icebreaking replacement project will continue.
    Deepwater.--The Deepwater capability replacement project 
continues with full scale development. In fiscal year 2004, the 
Coast Guard will continue to acquire and build the selected 
integrated deepwater system.
    Other Equipment.--In fiscal year 2004, the Coast Guard will 
invest in numerous management information and decision support 
systems that will result in increased efficiencies. Rescue 21, 
formerly the National Distress and Response System 
Modernization Project, will continue.
    Shore Facilities.--In fiscal year 2004, the Coast Guard 
will invest in modern structures that are more energy-
efficient, comply with regulatory codes, minimize follow-on 
maintenance requirements and replace existing dilapidated 
structures.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,035,000,000 for acquisitions, 
construction, and improvements, including $23,500,000 from the 
Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund. The following table summarizes 
the Committee's recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 
2003 and budget request levels:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2003  Fiscal year 2004      Committee
                Program, Project, Activity                       enacted          estimate       recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vessels:
    Great Lakes Icebreaker [GLIB] replacement.............  ................        $2,000,000        $2,000,000
    41 foot utility boat replacement......................  ................        12,000,000        12,000,000
    Coastal patrol boats..................................  ................        52,500,000        52,500,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, vessels...................................       $25,434,000        66,500,000        66,500,000
                                                           =====================================================
Integrated Deepwater Systems [IDS]:
    Aircraft..............................................  ................        64,100,000       176,500,000
    Surface Ships.........................................  ................       234,000,000       282,600,000
    C4ISR.................................................  ................        80,400,000       121,400,000
    Logistics.............................................  ................        45,400,000        45,400,000
    System engineering and integration....................  ................        42,100,000        42,100,000
    Government program management.........................  ................        34,000,000        34,000,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, IDS.......................................       474,893,000       500,000,000       702,000,000
                                                           =====================================================
Aircraft: Aviation parts and support......................         3,974,000  ................  ................
Other Equipment:
    Rescue 21.............................................  ................       134,000,000       134,000,000
    Defense message system implementation.................  ................         4,500,000         4,500,000
    Automatic Identification System.......................  ................  ................        40,000,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, other equipment...........................       120,512,000       138,500,000       178,500,000
                                                           =====================================================
Shore facilities and aids to navigation...................        49,874,000  ................  ................
                                                           =====================================================
Personnel compensation and benefits:
    Direct personnel costs................................  ................        69,500,000        69,500,000
    Core acquisition costs................................  ................           500,000           500,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, personnel and related support.............        62,590,000        70,000,000        70,000,000
Alteration of Bridges.....................................           ( \1\ )  ................        18,000,000
Research, development, test and evaluation................           ( \1\ )        22,000,000  ................
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, Acquisitions, Construction & Improvements....       737,277,000       797,000,000     1,035,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Funded in fiscal year 2003 under separate accounts.

    Alteration of Bridges.--Under the provisions of the Truman-
Hobbs Act of June 21, 1940 (33 U.S.C. 511 et seq.), the Coast 
Guard, as the Federal Government's agent, is required to share 
with owners the cost of altering railroad and publicly owned 
highway bridges which obstruct the free movement of navigation 
on navigable waters of the United States in accordance with the 
formula established in 33 U.S.C. 516. Alteration of obstructive 
highway bridges is eligible for funding from the Federal-Aid 
Highways program. The Committee provides $18,000,000 for the 
alteration of bridges, of which $5,000,000 is for the Florida 
Avenue Bridge, New Orleans, LA; $1,500,000 for the EJ&E; 
Railroad Bridge, Morris, IL; $2,000,000 for the John F. 
Limehouse Bridge, Charleston, SC; $2,500,000 for the Chelsea 
Street Bridge Project, Boston, MA; and $7,000,000 for the 
Fourteen Mile CSX Railroad Bridge, Mobile, AL.
    Automatic Identification System.--Included in the Committee 
recommendation is $40,000,000 for the Automatic Identification 
System [AIS]. International regulations require that by 
December 31, 2004, all vessels greater than 300 gross tons and 
engaged on international voyages be equipped with and operate 
an AIS. Additionally, the Maritime Transportation Security Act 
accelerates the international rules to require all passenger 
ships and tankers to carry AIS equipment by July 1, 2003. It 
also requires all domestic commercial vessels greater than 65 
feet, and towing vessels 26 feet or greater and 600 horsepower 
to have AIS equipment on board by the end of 2003. The AIS 
system transmits important safety and security information that 
can be used to prevent a transportation security incident, such 
as a vessel's identification, position, heading, ship length, 
beam type, draft, and hazardous cargo information. Since 1998, 
the Coast Guard has been installing a nationwide shore-based 
universal AIS coverage system to receive this information and 
track vessels throughout the coastal zone. Currently, the 
acquisition and installation of AIS equipment has been 
completed in only three locations and four others are planned 
through January 2004. The Committee directs the Coast Guard to 
submit a report to the Committee within 90 days of enactment of 
this Act detailing the acquisition and installation schedule of 
the shore-based universal AIS coverage system in ports 
nationwide, including associated costs to complete such a 
schedule.
    Integrated Deepwater Systems Program.--The Committee 
provides $702,000,000 for the Integrated Deepwater Systems 
program. The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recomendations as compared to the budget request levels:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Fiscal year 2004      Committee
     Program, Project, Activity           estimate       recommendations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aircraft:
    Maritime Patrol Aircraft........  ................       $25,000,000
    Unmanned Air Vehicles...........  ................        83,800,000
    Other contracts/legacy                 $64,100,000        67,700,000
     sustainment....................
Surface:
    National Security Cutter........       208,000,000       208,000,000
    Fast Response Cutter/110-123 ft.        23,000,000        66,000,000
     patrol boat conversion.........
    Short Range Prosecutor..........  ................         1,600,000
    Other contracts/legacy                   3,000,000         7,000,000
     sustainment....................
C4ISR:
    Command & Control System for            58,000,000        88,000,000
     Common Operating Picture [COP].
    Cutter Upgrade--C4ISR...........  ................        11,000,000
    Shore sites.....................         8,200,000         8,200,000
    Other contracts/legacy                  14,200,000        14,200,000
     sustainment....................
Logistics:
    Integrated logistics support....        19,200,000        19,200,000
    Facilities design required for           5,500,000         5,500,000
     future asset deployments.......
    Shore facilities................        20,700,000        20,700,000
Systems Engineering and Integration.        42,100,000        42,100,000
Government Program Management.......        34,000,000        34,000,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, Integrated Deepwater          500,000,000       702,000,000
       Systems......................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Rescue 21.--The Committee provides $134,000,000 for the 
Rescue 21 program, which is effectively the maritime 9-1-1 
system for mariners in distress.

               RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION

Appropriations, 2003....................................     $21,857,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................................

\1\ Included in ``Acquisition, Construction, Improvements''.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee does not recommend funding for research, 
development, test and evaluation within the Coast Guard.
    The Committee acknowledges that the Homeland Security Act 
of 2002 established the Science and Technology Directorate to 
work within the Department of Homeland Security to identify 
priorities and conduct research in collaboration with each of 
the agencies of the Department to reduce duplication of effort. 
The Committee directs the Under Secretary for Science and 
Technology to work with the Commandant of the Coast Guard to 
establish the research and development priorities for the Coast 
Guard, and to use funds from within Science and Technology's 
Research, Development, Acquisition and Operations account for 
those purposes. The Committee expects the Coast Guard to report 
to the Committee regarding the agreed upon priorities for 
research and development with Science and Technology within 90 
days of enactment of this Act, and to provide quarterly updates 
on the status of these projects.

                              RETIRED PAY

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $889,000,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................   1,020,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,020,000,000

    This account provides for the retired pay of military 
personnel of the Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve, members 
of the former Lighthouse Service, and for annuities payable to 
beneficiaries of retired military personnel under the retired 
serviceman's family protection plan (10 U.S.C. 1431-1446) and 
survivor benefit plan (10 U.S.C. 1447-1455); payments for 
career status bonuses under the National Defense Authorization 
Act; and for payments for medical care of retired personnel and 
their dependents under the Dependents Medical Care Act (10 
U.S.C., ch. 55).

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,020,000,000 for retired pay.

                      United States Secret Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................  $1,052,461,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................   1,120,372,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,114,737,000

\1\ Includes $30,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11.

    The Secret Service is responsible for the security of the 
President, the Vice President and other dignitaries and 
designated individuals; for enforcement of laws relating to 
obligations and securities of the United States and financial 
crimes, such as financial institution fraud and other fraud; 
and for protection of the White House and other buildings 
within Washington, D.C.
    Investigations, Protection, and Uniformed Activities.--The 
Service must provide for the protection of the President of the 
United States, members of his immediate family, the President-
elect, the Vice President, or other officer next in the order 
of succession to the Office of the President, and the Vice 
President-elect, and the members of their immediate families 
unless the members decline such protection; protection of the 
person of a visiting head and accompanying spouse of a foreign 
state or foreign government and, at the direction of the 
President, other distinguished foreign visitors to the United 
States and official representatives of the United States 
performing special missions abroad; the protection of the 
person of former Presidents, their spouses and minor children 
unless such protection is declined. The Service is also 
responsible for the detection and arrest of persons engaged in 
counterfeiting, forging, or altering of any of the obligations 
or other securities of the United States and foreign 
governments; the investigation of thefts and frauds relating to 
Treasury electronic fund transfers; fraudulent use of debit and 
credit cards; fraud and related activity in connection with 
Government identification documents; computer fraud; food 
coupon fraud; and the investigation of personnel, tort claims, 
and other criminal and non-criminal cases. The Secret Service 
Uniformed Division protects the Executive Residence and grounds 
in the District of Columbia; any building in which White House 
offices are located; the President and members of the 
President's immediate family; the official residence and 
grounds of the Vice President in the District of Columbia; the 
Vice President and members of the Vice President's immediate 
family; foreign diplomatic missions located in the Washington, 
D.C., metropolitan area; and the Treasury Building, its annex 
and grounds, and such other areas as the President may direct 
on a case-by-case basis.
    Presidential Candidate Protective Activities.--The Secret 
Service is authorized to protect major Presidential and Vice 
Presidential candidates, as determined by the Secretary of 
Homeland Security after consultation with an advisory 
committee. In addition, the Service is authorized to protect 
the spouses of major Presidential and Vice Presidential 
candidates; however, such protection may not commence more than 
120 days prior to the general Presidential election.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,114,737,000 for salaries and 
expenses for fiscal year 2004.
    The Committee provides an increase of $9,000,000 from the 
budget request to restore the Service's base program funding. 
Also included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$16,365,000 for the White House mail screening and processing. 
This is the amount estimated by the Secret Service to be 
required to enhance ongoing operations at the Edgewood Chemical 
Biological Center at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland. 
This funding is a follow-on to the transfer of $9,000,000 in 
fiscal year 2003 from the Executive Office of the President for 
mail screening and processing.
    In addition, the Committee provides $1,633,000 for the 
Service's operation costs of the exploited child unit, 
associated with its continued efforts with the National Center 
for Missing and Exploited Children, and $5,000,000 for a grant 
for investigations of exploited children.

     ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003....................................      $3,496,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................       3,579,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,579,000

    This appropriation provides funding for security upgrades 
of existing facilities and the James J. Rowley Training Center 
to continue development of the current Master Plan and to 
maintain and renovate existing facilities to ensure efficient 
and full utilization of the Center.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,579,000 for 
the ``Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
Expenses'' account in fiscal year 2004.

           TITLE IV--ASSESSMENTS, PREPAREDNESS, AND RECOVERY

                         Counterterrorism Fund

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $159,935,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................      40,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      20,000,000

\1\ Includes $150,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11.

    The Counterterrorism Fund provides a means to cover 
unanticipated costs associated with: (1) providing support to 
counter, investigate, or prosecute domestic or international 
terrorism, including payment of rewards in connection with 
these activities; and (2) re-establishing the operational 
capability of an office, facility or other property damaged or 
destroyed as a result of any domestic or international 
terrorist incident.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $20,000,000 
for the Counterterrorism Fund. These funds are provided for 
responding to unforeseen emergencies not budgeted for in the 
regular process. These funds are to be made available at the 
direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security with advance 
notice of the Committees on Appropriations.
    Additional unobligated balances of prior-year 
appropriations are available to supplement the funding 
recommended for this account.

                Federal Law Enforcement Training Center


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $136,108,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     122,379,000
Committee recommendation................................     172,736,000

\1\ Includes $2,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11.

    The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center [FLETC] 
provides the necessary facilities, equipment, and support 
services for conducting recruit, advanced, specialized, and 
refresher training for Federal law enforcement personnel. FLETC 
personnel conduct the instructional programs for the basic 
recruit and some of the advanced training. This appropriation 
is for operating expenses of FLETC, for research in law 
enforcement training methods, and curriculum content. In 
addition, FLETC has a reimbursable program to accommodate the 
training requirements of various Federal agencies. As funds are 
available, law enforcement training is provided to certain 
State, local, and foreign law enforcement personnel on a space-
available basis.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $172,736,000 
for salaries and expenses of the Federal Law Enforcement 
Training Center. An increase of $50,357,000 is provided to 
cover additional student weeks of basic training not provided 
for by the budget request.
    The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center is the Federal 
Government's principal provider of interagency law enforcement 
training. The Committee expects the Director of FLETC to ensure 
that all of the training centers are operated at the highest 
capacity feasible throughout the fiscal year. The Director 
should have the authority to determine where to schedule all 
basic and advanced law enforcement training.
    To assist FLETC in meeting its State, local, and other 
training needs, the Committee encourages FLETC to continue 
existing institutional partnerships prior to initiating new 
partnerships.

     ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003....................................     $35,766,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................      23,679,000
Committee recommendation................................      28,708,000

    This account provides for the acquisition and related costs 
for expansion and maintenance of facilities of the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center. This includes funding for the 
facilities' Master Plan, minor construction and maintenance, 
firearms environmental restoration and reconstruction, 
environmental compliance, and installation of fiber optics 
communications systems. The Master Plan provides a long-range 
blueprint for expansion of facilities to meet the training 
requirements of the over 76 partner organizations. Minor 
construction and maintenance provides alterations and 
maintenance funding for approximately 300 buildings at three 
locations (Glynco, Georgia; Artesia, New Mexico; and 
Cheltenham, Maryland). The firearms environmental restoration 
and reconstruction funds the clean-up of existing outdoor 
ranges and reconstruction. The environmental compliance funds 
are to ensure compliance with Environmental Protection Agency 
and state environmental laws and regulations. The fiber optics 
funding will be used to replace the existing antiquated twisted 
copper wire telecommunications system with a state-of-the-art 
fiber optic telecommunications cable system.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $28,708,000 
for acquisition, construction, improvements, and related 
expenses, and related costs for expansion and maintenance of 
facilities of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center 
[FLETC].
    The Committee provides an increase of $5,029,000 from the 
budget estimate to construct an indoor/outdoor firearms range 
at FLETC's Artesia, NM, location. This is the next facility 
scheduled in accordance with FLETC's proposed construction 
plan.

                    Office for Domestic Preparedness

    The Committee recommends a total of $3,638,000,000 for the 
Office for Domestic Preparedness [ODP], including 
$2,888,000,000 for State and Local Programs and $750,000,000 
for Firefighter Assistance Grants. A separate appropriation of 
$165,000,000 is recommended for Emergency Management 
Performance Grants under Emergency Preparedness and Response. 
This is a total of $245,000,000 above the fiscal year 2004 
consolidated ODP appropriation for these programs requested in 
the budget.

                        STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................  $3,235,884,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \2\...............................   3,558,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   2,888,000,000

\1\ Includes $2,230,000,000 in supplemental appropriations provided by 
Public Law 108-11.
\2\ Includes $500,000,000 for firefighter assistance grants; 
$500,000,000 for State and local law enforcement terrorism prevention 
grants; and $150,000,000 for emergency management performance grants.

    ODP provides State and local governments with grants for 
training, equipment (including interoperable communications 
equipment), exercises, and technical assistance to improve 
their readiness for terrorism incidents. This assistance is for 
strengthening ``first responders''--police, fire, rescue, 
emergency and other personnel who are first on scene in the 
event of a terrorist attack. For the purpose of eligibility for 
funds under this heading, a ``local government'' will continue 
to include any county, city, village, town, district, or other 
political subdivision of any State, and any Indian tribe, or 
authorized tribal organization, or Alaska Native village or 
organization. Furthermore, any port authority, transit 
authority, water district, regional planning commission, or 
council of government may be considered a local government.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $2,888,000,000 for State and Local 
Programs, to remain available until expended. The fiscal year 
2004 budget proposes to consolidate an additional $650,000,000 
with the ODP State and local grants, including funding for 
Firefighter Assistance Grants and Emergency Management 
Performance Grants. The Committee continues funding for both 
these programs under separate accounts.
    The funds provided for ODP State and local grants are to be 
used for purposes consistent with each State's homeland 
security strategy, including training and exercises; equipment, 
including interoperable communications equipment; and technical 
assistance; and may not be used for construction activities.
    State and Local Grants.--The Committee provides 
$1,750,000,000 for a formula grant program to be allocated on a 
per capita basis to the States subject to section 1014 of 
Public Law 107-56. Funds shall be disbursed within 60 days 
after enactment of this Act. Not less than 80 percent of 
funding provided to each State shall be obligated to local 
governments within 45 days after the States' receipt. Of the 
amount provided for State and local programs, $50,000,000 is 
available for Citizen Corps.
    Further, of the amount provided, $500,000,000 is for State 
and local law enforcement terrorism prevention grants. The 
number one objective of homeland security is to prevent 
terrorist attacks within the United States. This funding is 
provided to support activities to establish and enhance State 
and local efforts to prevent and deter terrorist attacks 
domestically; however, States may allocate additional funding 
for this purpose if their strategic priorities determine 
additional funds to be required. Allowable program activities 
are: (1) information sharing to preempt terrorist attacks 
through structured information collections and sharing; (2) 
target hardening to reduce vulnerability of selected high value 
targets; (3) threat recognition to recognize the potential or 
development of a threat; and (4) intervention activities to 
interdict terrorists before they can execute a threat. Approved 
costs include, but are not limited to, personnel costs, to 
include overtime as authorized/approved by the State 
administrative agency, equipment, systems and other related 
expenses.
    In many communities private Emergency Medical Services 
[EMS] providers are the sole providers of emergency medical 
services. The Committee notes that ODP has determined both 
public and private EMS providers to be eligible for State and 
local grants, if consistent with the individual State's 
homeland security strategy.
    An October 2001 General Accounting Office [GAO] report, the 
most recent study on Federal funding for emergency medical 
services, showed that funding for EMS needs totaled $30,000,000 
in fiscal year 2000. Since that report, Congress has 
substantially increased appropriations to the firefighter 
assistance grants program and the State formula grants through 
ODP, both of which serve the EMS community. The Committee 
directs ODP to submit a report to the Committee by June 14, 
2004, that accounts for fire grant and State formula grants 
allocated to independent EMS teams, and to those operating as 
part of a fire department. The report should include a 
description of the barriers that EMS teams face in receiving 
Federal grants, and recommendations for eliminating those 
barriers.
    Technical Assistance.--The Committee provides $30,000,000 
for direct technical assistance to States.
    High-Threat Urban Areas.--The Committee provides 
$750,000,000 for discretionary grants to high-threat urban 
areas. The Committee expects ODP to allocate these funds no 
later than 30 days after enactment of the Act. No less than 80 
percent of discretionary grants provided to any State shall be 
obligated to local governments within 45 days of the States' 
receipt of funds. In making grants to State and local 
governments, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall take into 
consideration credible threat, vulnerability, population, 
cooperation of multiple jurisdictions in preparing domestic 
preparedness plans, and identified needs of public agencies. 
Grants may be made to single or multiple jurisdictions in the 
same urban area.
    National Programs.--Included in the amount recommended is 
$358,000,000 for national programs. Included in this amount is: 
$60,000,000 for the Center for Domestic Preparedness; 
$80,000,000 for the existing members of the National Domestic 
Preparedness Consortium; $28,000,000 for the continuation of 
core training programs; $60,000,000 for competitive grants for 
emerging training; $50,000,000 for exercises; $40,000,000 for 
equipment support; $10,000,000 for technical assistance; and 
$30,000,000 for management and administration.
    The Committee is aware of the need to ensure an adequate 
amount of training capacity, and the desire to take advantage 
of emerging training capabilities for State and local first 
responders. The competitive grants recommended for emerging 
training are intended to assist in meeting those needs.
    The Committee supports ODP's current multi-year plan with 
the National Institute of Standards and Technology [NIST] to 
develop performance standards for the key equipment categories 
of personal protective and detection equipment, and 
communications technology. This initiative is vital to ODP's 
mission of support to State and local governments to help them 
make better informed decisions as to what equipment best meets 
their requirements and is viewed as complimentary to the 
broader research and development mission of the Directorate of 
Science and Technology. ODP's plan with NIST for equipment 
assessment against standards should produce equipment 
acquisition guidance, similar to that provided by Office of 
National Drug Control Policy's Technology Assistance Program, 
in the form of catalogues of equipment that have met the 
standards.

                     FIREFIGHTER ASSISTANCE GRANTS

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $745,125,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \2\ )
Committee recommendation................................     750,000,000

\1\ Appropriated to the Federal Emergency Management Agency by Public 
Law 108-7, and transferred to the Department of Homeland Security 
Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate.
\2\ Included in the ``State and Local Program'' account.

    The Firefighter Assistance Grants, as authorized by section 
33 of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 
U.S.C. 2202 et seq.), provides assistance to local fire 
fighting departments for the purpose of protecting the health 
and safety of the public and fire fighting personnel, including 
volunteers and emergency medical service personnel, against 
fire and fire-related hazards.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $750,000,000 for Firefighter 
Assistance Grants, to remain available until expended.
    Firefighter Assistance Grants is a well regarded and 
effective program. The Committee supports the continuation of 
the peer review process, and making grants directly to fire 
departments. The Committee believes that this should remain a 
separate grant program within the Department of Homeland 
Security, and not be combined with any other grant program.

 Office of the Under Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and Response

Appropriations, 2003....................................................
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................      $3,615,000

\1\ Included in the fiscal year 2004 budget estimate for ``Departmental 
Operations''.

    The Office of the Under Secretary for Emergency 
Preparedness and Response is responsible for helping to ensure 
the effectiveness of emergency response providers to terrorist 
attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies; providing the 
Federal Government's response to terrorist attacks and major 
disasters and aiding in the recovery from such disasters; and 
building a comprehensive national incident management system to 
respond to such attacks and disasters with Federal, State, and 
local government personnel, agencies and authorities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    For the Office of the Under Secretary for Emergency 
Preparedness and Response, the Committee recommends $3,615,000. 
Included in this amount is $3,042,000 for salaries and 
benefits; $162,000 for travel; $78,000 for supplies; $20,000 
for training; and $313,000 for other expenses.
    The Committee is aware that funds have been made available 
to the Department of the Army for the Chemical Stockpile 
Emergency Preparedness Program [CSEPP], specifically for 
improvements surrounding the Anniston Army Depot. The Committee 
directs the Under Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and 
Response [EP&R;] to work with the Department of the Army to 
ensure that the funds appropriated for CSEPP are properly 
transferred to EP&R;, and to work with the local community to 
complete all necessary actions to ensure the safety of the 
surrounding community.

                  Emergency Preparedness and Response


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................  $1,210,618,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \2\...............................   1,652,267,000
Committee recommendation................................     826,801,000

\1\ Includes $45,000,000 in supplemental appropriations for Operating 
Expenses and $54,750,000 in supplemental appropriations for Emergency 
Management Planning and Assistance provided by Public Law 108-11.
\2\ Includes $890,000,000 and proposes legislation to establish a new 
permanent, indefinite authority to purchase biodefense countermeasures 
in lieu of discretionary appropriations.

    Funding requested in this account will support the 
functions of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, the National 
Disaster Medical System, the Strategic National Pharmaceutical 
Stockpile, and other operating expenses to administer programs 
of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate of the 
Department of Homeland Security. It consolidates funding for 
programs formerly funded through the Department of Health and 
Human Services' General Departmental Management account and the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency's Salaries and Expenses, 
Emergency Management Planning and Assistance, and Disaster 
Assistance for Unmet Needs accounts.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $826,801,000 for emergency 
preparedness and response operating expenses.
    The Committee provides $163,000,000 to support activities 
related to Preparedness, Mitigation, Response and Recovery, 
including response and recovery, fire prevention and training, 
mitigation programs, and preparedness.
    The Committee provides $434,000,000 for Public Health 
Programs, including the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams and 
the Strategic National Stockpile, which were transferred from 
the Department of Health and Human Services with the creation 
of the Department of Homeland Security.
    The Committee provides $165,214,000 for Administrative and 
Regional Operations responsible for providing critical 
information to the public, the media, and the emergency 
management community regarding disaster response activities and 
awareness and preparedness measures.
    The Committee provides $64,587,000 for the 28 existing 
Urban Search and Rescue Teams [USAR]. The Committee appreciates 
the commitment the USAR teams have made as first responders to 
both natural disasters and acts of terrorism. Except for up to 
5 percent of these funds which can be used to support the 
Emergency Preparedness and Response administrative costs, the 
Committee directs all funds to be used to support the cost of 
operations; the cost of urban search and rescue equipment 
(including equipment necessary to operate in an environment 
contaminated or otherwise affected by a weapon of mass 
destruction); and the cost of all needed training, including 
training for responding to an environment contaminated or 
otherwise affected by a weapon of mass destruction.
    In addition, the Committee rescinds $3,000,000 of the funds 
made available by Public Law 108-11, but no longer required for 
``Operation Liberty Shield''.
    The Committee notes the success of the America Watchful 
Alert Ready for Emergencies [AWARE] program in training 
schools, neighborhoods, and communities on disaster and 
emergency preparedness strategies. The Emergency Preparedness 
and Response [EP&R;] Directorate has recognized the program as a 
national model and listed it among its ``Smart Practices''. The 
Committee encourages EP&R; to continue support for this national 
program.
    The Committee is concerned that the Department has not yet 
made available to communities any of the $79,750,000 
appropriated for interoperable communications equipment for 
fiscal year 2003. Further, the Department is delinquent in 
submitting the acquisitions plan required by the Consolidated 
Appropriations Resolution, 2003 (Public Law 108-7), which was 
due on April 15, 2003. Interoperable communications equipment 
is an essential component of efficient and safe response and 
recovery efforts. Firefighters, police, and emergency response 
personnel must be able to communicate with each other and with 
other teams during disaster response. Obligation of 
interoperable communications equipment funds should be a 
priority for the Department. The Committee directs the 
Department to award funds for interoperable communications 
equipment by October 1, 2003.
    The Committee encourages the Under Secretary for Emergency 
Preparedness and Response to conduct a study on the manning 
requirements of fire departments, including appropriate 
firefighter crew sizes and equipment for typical incidents that 
fire departments are asked to respond to. The Committee is 
concerned that the lack of accepted firefighter response 
configurations may result in greater civilian and firefighter 
deaths, as well as improper equipment acquisitions by local 
fire departments.
    In addition, the Committee is concerned that rural fire 
departments face unique training challenges due to their 
distance from training courses. The Committee encourages the 
Department to consider means of accommodating the training 
needs of rural fire departments.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the budget request level:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Fiscal year       Committee
      Program, Project, Activity         2004 estimate   recommendations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Preparedness, Mitigation, Response and
 Recovery [PMRR]:
    Response and Recovery.............      $66,490,000      $66,490,000
    Fire Prevention and Training......       58,928,000       58,928,000
    Mitigation Programs...............       28,741,000       28,741,000
    Preparedness......................        8,841,000        8,841,000
                                       ---------------------------------
      Subtotal, Preparedness,               163,000,000      163,000,000
       Mitigation Response & Recovery.
                                       =================================
Public Health Programs [PHP]:
    Disaster Medical Assistance Teams.       34,000,000       34,000,000
    Strategic National Stockpile......      400,000,000      400,000,000
                                       ---------------------------------
      Subtotal, Public Health Programs      434,000,000      434,000,000
                                       =================================
Biodefense Countermeasures............  \1\ 890,000,000          ( \2\ )
Administrative and Regional
 Operations:
    Executive Direction...............       85,860,000       85,807,000
    Information Technology Services...       49,255,000       49,255,000
    Regional Operations...............       12,885,000       12,885,000
    Office of Emergency Response,            17,267,000       17,267,000
     Nobel TC (from HHS)..............
                                       ---------------------------------
      Subtotal, Administrative and          165,267,000      165,214,000
       Regional Operations............
                                       =================================
Urban Search and Rescue Teams [USAR]..  ...............       64,587,000
                                       =================================
      Total, Operating Expenses.......    1,652,267,000      826,801,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Proposes legislation to convert to permanent, indefinite
  appropriation.
\2\ Fiscal year 2004 budget resolution includes a reserve to fund this
  activity.

              RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

Appropriations, 2003....................................     -$1,000,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................         ( \1\ )

\1\ Costs estimated to equal fee collections in fiscal year 2004.

    The Radiological Emergency Preparedness [REP] Program 
assists State and local governments in the development of 
offsite radiological emergency preparedness plans within the 
emergency planning zones of commercial nuclear power facilities 
licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission [NRC]. The fund 
is financed from fees assessed and collected from the NRC 
licensees to recover the amounts anticipated by the Emergency 
Preparedness and Response Directorate to be obligated in the 
next fiscal year for expenses related to REP program 
activities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides for the receipt and expenditure of 
fees collected as authorized by Public Law 106-377.

                            DISASTER RELIEF

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................    $794,800,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \2\...............................   1,956,000,000
Committee recommendation \2\............................   1,956,000,000

\1\ Includes $2,881,000 transfer to Operating and $21,437,000 transfer 
to the Office of the Inspector General.
\2\ Includes $22,000,000 transfer to the Office of the Inspector 
General.

    Through the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF], the Department of 
Homeland Security [DHS] provides a significant portion of the 
total Federal response to victims in Presidentially-declared 
major disasters and emergencies. Major disasters are declared 
when a State requests Federal assistance and proves that a 
given disaster is beyond the State's capacity to respond. Under 
the DRF, DHS will continue to operate the primary assistance 
programs formerly run by the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency: Federal assistance to individuals and households; and 
public assistance, which includes the repair and reconstruction 
of State, local, and non-profit infrastructure. The post-
disaster hazard mitigation set-aside that is provided to States 
will continue as part of the Disaster Relief Fund, working as a 
companion piece to the National Pre-Disaster Mitigation Fund.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,956,000,000 for Disaster 
Relief.
    Of the funds appropriated, $22,000,000 shall be transferred 
to the Department of Homeland Security's Office of the 
Inspector General for audits and investigations related to 
disaster relief activities.
    The Committee believes the post-disaster hazard mitigation 
program, which was made permanent by the Consolidated 
Appropriations Resolution, 2003 (Public Law 108-7), has been 
very successful and will continue to be a valuable tool in the 
disaster relief process. The Committee has also continued 
funding for the national pre-disaster mitigation fund, 
believing that a balance in pre- and post-disaster mitigation 
funds allows for greater flexibility in emergency management at 
the local level.

            DISASTER ASSISTANCE DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2003....................................        $553,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         557,000
Committee recommendation................................         557,000

    Disaster assistance loans authorized by the Robert T. 
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) are loans to States for the non-Federal 
portion of cost sharing funds, and community disaster loans to 
local governments incurring substantial loss of tax and other 
revenues as a result of a major disaster. The funds requested 
for this program include direct loans and a subsidy based on 
criteria including loan amount and interest charged. As 
required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 
et seq.), this account records, for this program, the subsidy 
costs associated with the direct loans obligated in 1992 and 
beyond (including modifications of direct loans), as well as 
administrative expenses of the program. The subsidy amounts are 
estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses 
are estimated on a cash basis.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $557,000 for the disaster 
assistance direct loan program account.

                 NATIONAL PRE-DISASTER MITIGATION FUND

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $149,025,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     280,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     150,000,000

    Funding requested through this account will be dedicated to 
competitive grants for pre-disaster mitigation operating 
independently of the Disaster Relief programs, assuring that 
funding remains stable from year to year and is not subject to 
spikes in disaster activity.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $150,000,000 for the National Pre-
Disaster Mitigation Fund, and includes bill language which 
makes up to 3 percent of the funds available for administrative 
purposes.
    The Committee supports the fiscal year 2004 budget request 
to allocate funding through this account on the basis of 
competitive grants for pre-disaster mitigation operating 
independently of the Disaster Relief programs.
    The Committee encourages the Department to continue the 
existing Disaster Resistant University program at the fiscal 
year 2003 level.

                      FLOOD MAP MODERNIZATION FUND

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $149,025,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     200,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     200,000,000

    Funding in this account will support the functions 
necessary to modernize and digitize flood maps. The flood maps 
are used to determine appropriate risk-based premium rates for 
the National Flood Insurance Program, complete flood hazard 
determinations required of the Nation's lending institutions, 
and to develop appropriate disaster response plans for Federal, 
State, and local emergency management personnel.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $200,000,000 for the Flood Map 
Modernization Fund, and includes bill language which makes up 
to 3 percent of the funds available for administrative 
purposes.
    The Committee directs FEMA to continue its practice of 
providing funds to communities, States and regions with a 
demonstrated commitment to digitizing and improving the 
accuracy of area flood maps. The Committee notes the 
Department's goal of compiling up-to-date flood maps for the 
Nation within 5 years, and provides the budget request to 
support that goal. The Committee directs the Department to 
provide flood map modernization funds in a manner determined to 
be the most efficient approach to updating the Nation's flood 
maps, and to fund projects identified as ``high risk'' by 
States when possible, without adversely impacting the overall 
goal of completing the flood map modernization project within 5 
years.

                     NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $109,343,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     110,472,000
Committee recommendation................................     110,472,000

    The National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4011 et 
seq.) authorizes the Federal Government to provide flood 
insurance on a national basis. Flood insurance may be sold or 
continued in force only in communities which enact and enforce 
appropriate floodplain management measures. Communities must 
participate in the program within 1 year of the time they are 
identified as flood-prone in order to be eligible for flood 
insurance and some forms of Federal financial assistance for 
acquisition or construction purposes. In addition, federally-
regulated funding institutions can not provide loans to non-
participating communities with an identified flood hazard.
    In fiscal year 2004, the budget assumes collection of all 
of the administrative and program costs associated with flood 
insurance activities from policy holders. Under the emergency 
program, structures in identified flood-prone areas are 
eligible for limited amounts of coverage at subsidized 
insurance rates. Under the regular program, studies must be 
made of different flood risks in flood-prone areas to establish 
actuarial premium rates. These rates are charged for insurance 
on new construction. Coverage is available on virtually all 
types of buildings and their contents in amounts up to $350,000 
for residential and $1,000,000 for other types.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $110,472,000 for the National 
Flood Insurance Fund.
    The Committee provides up to $32,663,000 for salaries and 
expenses; $77,809,000 for flood hazard mitigation activities; a 
limitation of $55,000,000 for operating expenses; $565,897,000 
for agents' commissions and taxes; and $40,000,000 for interest 
on Treasury borrowings. Furthermore, the Committee provides 
that up to $20,000,000 may be transferred to the National Flood 
Mitigation Fund for expenses under section 1366 of the National 
Flood Insurance Act (42 U.S.C. 4104c).

                     NATIONAL FLOOD MITIGATION FUND

Appropriations, 2003 \1\................................     $19,870,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \1\...............................      20,000,000
Committee recommendation \1\............................      20,000,000

\1\ By transfer from the National Flood Insurance Fund.

    Through fee-generated funds transferred from the National 
Flood Insurance Fund, this fund supports activities to 
eliminate pre-existing, at-risk structures that are 
repetitively flooded, and provides flood mitigation assistance 
planning support to States.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides for the transfer of up to 
$20,000,000 from the National Flood Insurance Fund to the 
National Flood Mitigation Fund.

                EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANTS

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $163,928,000
Budget estimate, 2004 \1\...............................................
Committee recommendation................................     165,000,000

\1\ Included in fiscal year 2004 budget estimate for ``Office for 
Domestic Preparedness''.

    Funding requested in this account provides support to the 
Nation's all-hazards emergency management system, and help to 
build State and local emergency management capability.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $165,000,000 for Emergency 
Management Performance Grants.
    The Committee does not accept the administration's proposal 
to transfer the Emergency Management Performance Grants [EMPG] 
to the Office for Domestic Preparedness, and continues funding 
for this program within the Emergency Preparedness and Response 
Directorate [EP&R;]. EP&R; is the more appropriate administering 
directorate for grants to State and local entities for all-
hazards planning and response. The Committee directs the 
Department to continue the practice of funding personnel costs.

                       EMERGENCY FOOD AND SHELTER

Appropriations, 2003....................................    $152,005,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................     153,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     153,000,000

    The Emergency Food and Shelter program provides grants to 
non-profit and faith-based organizations at the local level to 
supplement their programs for emergency food and shelter to 
provide for the immediate needs of the homeless.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $153,000,000 for the emergency 
food and shelter program.
    The Committee does not agree with the fiscal year 2004 
budget request which proposes legislation to transfer this 
program to the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

                        CERRO GRANDE FIRE CLAIMS

Appropriations, 2003....................................     $89,415,000
Budget estimate, 2004...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      38,062,000

    The Office of Cerro Grande Fire Claims was established by 
Public Law 106-246 to provide expeditious consideration and 
settlement of claims arising from the Cerro Grande prescribed 
fire. Funds for administration of the compensation process and 
for the payment of claims are available until expended.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $38,062,000 for Cerro Grande fire 
claims settlement, and includes bill language which makes up to 
5 percent of the funds available for administrative purposes.
    The Committee expects that this will be the final 
installment of appropriations for the Cerro Grande Fire Claims 
and encourages the office to expedite all claims and bring this 
effort to closure.

      Office of the Under Secretary for Information Analysis and 
                       Infrastructure Protection

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................     $10,460,000

\1\ Included in the fiscal year 2004 budget estimate for ``Departmental 
Operations''.

    The Office of the Under Secretary for Information Analysis 
and Infrastructure Protection is responsible for the collection 
and dissemination of terrorist threat information; fusing and 
integrating data with foreign intelligence to produce a 
comprehensive picture of threats; and developing and 
implementing an action plan to mitigate terrorist threats and 
national vulnerabilities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    For the Office of the Under Secretary, the Committee 
recommends an appropriation of $10,460,000.
    Of the amount provided, $5,018,000 is for the immediate 
Office of the Under Secretary, as follows: $231,000 for travel; 
$111,000 for supplies; $4,329,000 for salaries and benefits; 
$28,000 for training; and $319,000 for other expenses.
    The remaining $5,442,000 is provided for the Department of 
Homeland Security Command Center, as follows: $18,000 for 
travel; $24,000 for supplies; $1,040,000 for salaries and 
benefits; $6,000 for training; and $4,354,000 for other 
expenses. An additional amount is made available for the 
Command Center from the Office of the Chief Information Officer 
under the ``Office of the Under Secretary for Management'' 
account.

 Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection, Operating Expenses

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................    $829,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     823,700,000

\1\ The account did not exist at the time the fiscal year 2003 
appropriations were enacted into law. Fiscal year 2003 appropriations 
for activities transferred to this account are estimated to be 
$185,149,000.

    The Directorate of Information Analysis and Infrastructure 
Protection was established by Public Law 107-296, the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002, to identify and assess current and future 
threats to the homeland, map threat information against current 
vulnerabilities, issue timely warnings, and take preventive and 
protective action. The Directorate of Information Analysis and 
Infrastructure Protection will work also with Federal, State, 
local, and private stakeholders to develop and implement an 
integrated national plan for the physical and cyber protection 
of critical infrastructures and key assets.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $823,700,000 for information 
analysis and infrastructure protection operating expenses for 
fiscal year 2004.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations, as compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget 
request levels:

                               INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Fiscal year--
                                                              ----------------------------------    Committee
                                                                 2003 enacted     2004 budget     recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operating expenses...........................................          185,149  ...............  ...............
Intelligence and Warning:
    Threat determination and assessment......................  ...............           32,000           32,000
    Information and warning advisories.......................  ...............           69,700           69,700
Protecting Critical Infrastructure and Key Assets:
    Infrastructure vulnerability and risk assessment.........  ...............           95,000           95,000
    Remediation and protective actions.......................  ...............          383,900          393,900
    National Communications System...........................  ...............          155,000          155,100
Administration and Outreach:
    Competitive analysis and evaluation......................  ...............           20,000           20,000
    National plans and strategies............................  ...............            5,000            5,000
    Outreach and partnerships................................  ...............           60,000           53,000
    Office of the Under Secretary for IAIP...................  ...............            8,400          ( \1\ )
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, Information Analysis and Infrastructure                   185,149          829,000          823,700
       Protection............................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Funded under separate account.

    The Committee is aware of the recent and rapid stand-up of 
the Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection 
Directorate and the challenges that have been presented in this 
endeavor. However, the Committee is concerned with the lack of 
justification for increased funding in the fiscal year 2004 
budget and the inability of the Department to provide 
sufficient detail to date on each program, project, and 
activity. The Committee looks forward to further justification 
from the Department on the fiscal year 2004 budget request in 
order to make informed budget decisions for assessing and 
addressing critical infrastructure vulnerabilities.
    The Committee supports the recent creation of the National 
Cyber Security Division within Information Analysis and 
Infrastructure Protection and recommends $32,800,000 for the 
integration of physical and cyber infrastructure monitoring and 
coordination from the funds made available for information and 
warning advisories, and $65,700,000 for cyberspace security 
from the funds made available for remediation and protective 
actions. The Committee expects the Under Secretary for 
Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection to 
coordinate activities for the protection of critical cyber 
assets with the Under Secretary for Science and Technology.
    The Committee recommends $293,900,000 for critical 
infrastructure and key asset identification, field assessments 
of critical infrastructures, and key asset protection 
implementation to help guide development of protective measures 
to harden facilities and assets.
    The Committee recommends $155,100,000 for the National 
Communications System to support the expansion of the national 
security and emergency preparedness telecommunications programs 
and activities, of which $115,300,000 is to be made available 
for priority telecommunications programs.
    The General Accounting Office has reported that chemical 
facilities present an attractive target for terrorist activity. 
The Congressional Budget Office estimates that it would cost 
$80,000,000 over 5 years for vulnerability assessments at 
nearly 15,000 chemical facilities across the United States. 
Therefore, the Committee directs the Information Analysis and 
Infrastructure Protection Directorate to submit a report to the 
Committee within 120 days of enactment of this Act that 
addresses the costs associated with assessing the 
vulnerabilities at chemical facilities, and the costs 
associated with protective actions at chemical facilities.
    Of the funds made available for information and warning 
advisories the Committee provides $10,000,000 for a national 
alert system to notify the general public in the event of a 
terrorist attack. The Under Secretary for Information Analysis 
and Infrastructure Protection is expected to consult with the 
Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission on the 
development of this national alert system that utilizes and 
integrates the full range of communication devices, including 
wireline and cellular telephones, e-mail, and instant messaging 
systems, radio and television broadcasts, and personal digital 
assistants. The Under Secretary, to the maximum extent 
possible, should incorporate existing Federal, State, and local 
alert systems, including the emergency alert system, and should 
consult with State and local public safety and emergency 
preparedness agencies.

                   TITLE V--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

        Office of the Under Secretary for Science and Technology

Appropriations, 2003....................................................
Budget estimate, 2004...................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................      $5,400,000

\1\ Included in the fiscal year 2004 budget estimate for ``Departmental 
Operations''.

    The Office of the Under Secretary for Science and 
Technology is responsible for ensuring the Nation's homeland 
security by developing a national policy and strategic plan to 
coordinate the Federal Government's civilian efforts for 
identifying priorities, goals, objectives and policies to 
develop countermeasures to chemical, biological, radiological, 
nuclear, and other emerging terrorist threats. The 
responsibilities of the Under Secretary also includes oversight 
and coordination responsibilities, basic and applied research, 
development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation activities 
relevant to any or all elements of the Department in 
collaboration and coordination with other appropriate executive 
agencies to reduce duplication and to identify unmet needs.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    For the Office of the Under Secretary, the Committee 
recommends an appropriation of $5,400,000. Included in this 
amount is $4,680,000 for salaries and benefits, $250,000 for 
travel; $120,000 for supplies; $30,000 for training; and 
$320,000 for other expenses.

    Science and Technology, Research, Development, Acquisition and 
                               Operations

Appropriations, 2003....................................         ( \1\ )
Budget estimate, 2004...................................    $803,360,000
Committee recommendation................................     866,000,000

\1\ The account did not exist at the time the fiscal year 2003 
appropriations were enacted into law. Fiscal year 2003 appropriations 
for activities transferred to this account are estimated to be 
$551,925,000.

    The Science and Technology Directorate was established by 
Congress by Public Law 107-296, the Homeland Security Act of 
2002, to support the advance of homeland security through basic 
and applied research; fabrication of prototypes and full-scale 
preproduction hardware; and procurement of products, systems 
and other capital equipment necessary for the provision and 
upgrading of capabilities to detect, destroy, dispose, and 
mitigate the effects of weapons of mass destruction. The 
Science and Technology Directorate also supports other 
directorates and activities of the Department in developing, 
acquiring and fielding equipment and procedures necessary for 
performing their missions.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATONS

    The Committee recommends $866,000,000 for activities of the 
Science and Technology Directorate for fiscal year 2004.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations for science and technology activities, as 
compared to the fiscal year 2003 and budget request levels:

                    SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION AND OPERATIONS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Fiscal year--
                                                              ----------------------------------    Committee
                                                                 2003 enacted     2004 budget     recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research, development, acquisition, and operations...........          551,925  ...............  ...............
Biological countermeasures...................................  ...............          364,735          244,000
Nuclear and radiological countermeasures.....................  ...............          136,625          131,000
Chemical countermeasures.....................................  ...............           55,000           55,000
High explosives countermeasures..............................  ...............           10,000           10,000
Threat and vulnerability, testing and assessment.............  ...............           90,000           98,000
Conventional missions in support of DHS......................  ...............           55,000           64,000
Rapid prototyping program/Technical Support Working Group....  ...............           30,000           70,000
Standards/State and local program............................  ...............           25,000           25,000
Emerging threats.............................................  ...............           22,000           22,000
Critical infrastructure protection...........................  ...............            5,000           72,000
Homeland security fellowship programs/university programs....  ...............           10,000           55,000
Countermeasures Center.......................................  ...............  ...............           20,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, Science and Technology..........................          551,925          803,360          866,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Homeland Security Act of 2002 established the Science 
and Technology Directorate to coordinate and integrate all 
research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation 
activities of the Department of Homeland Security to reduce the 
possibility of duplication and redundancy. The Committee 
provides $64,000,000 for research and development for 
activities supporting conventional missions of the Department 
and directs the Under Secretary for Science and Technology to 
coordinate research priorities with other directorates of the 
Department. Research and development support activities shall 
be distributed as follows: $30,000,000 for Border and 
Transportation Security; $15,000,000 for the United States 
Coast Guard; $4,000,000 for the United States Secret Service; 
and $15,000,000 for Emergency Preparedness and Response.
    The Committee recognizes the need for a strong cyber 
security research and development program and provides 
$18,000,000 for threat and vulnerability testing assessments to 
develop the most appropriate technologies for next generation 
cyber threat characterization, cyber threat detection, and 
cyber threat origination. The Committee expects the Under 
Secretary for Science and Technology to coordinate these 
activities with the Under Secretary for Information Analysis 
and Infrastructure Protection.
    The Committee provides $55,000,000 for the establishment of 
a university-based system to enhance the Nation's homeland 
security efforts.
    The Committee provides $70,000,000 for the rapid 
development and prototyping of technologies in support of 
homeland security and the continuation of the partnership with 
the Technical Support Working Group [TSWG] as a technology 
clearinghouse. The Committee directs the Under Secretary for 
Science and Technology to coordinate with other Directorates to 
determine the best technologies available and to develop better 
lines of communication with other directorates to determine 
procedures for review and approval of technologies.
    The Committee recommends $72,000,000 for the critical 
infrastructure protection portfolio to utilize consistent 
methodologies and criteria to address uncertain and evolving 
threats for the assurance of infrastructure security. Of this 
amount, up to $60,000,000 for systems development, aircraft 
integration analysis, and modeling and simulation performance 
assessment of an antimissile device for commercial aircraft may 
be made available. This is the amount recommended by the Under 
Secretary for Science and Technology in the ``Program Plan for 
the Development of an Antimissile Device for Commercial 
Aircraft'' provided to the Committees on Appropriations on May 
22, 2003.
    The Committee provides $20,000,000 for the construction of 
the National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center. 
This appropriation, in addition to unobligated balances of 
funds appropriated for biological research and defense 
activities by Public Law 107-248, will provide the full 
$90,000,000 requested for fiscal year 2004 to construct the 
Center. The Committee encourages the Under Secretary to 
coordinate construction activities with the Secretary of the 
Department of Defense and the Secretary of the Department of 
Health and Human Services in the development of the Fort 
Detrick Biodefense Campus.
    Currently, there is a lack of standards within the field of 
biometrics. While the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology [NIST] has developed fingerprint image data exchange 
guidelines, it has not addressed other technologies such as 
facial recognition. The International Committee for Information 
Technology Standards is attempting to define biometric 
standards for data interchange formats, common file formats, 
application program interfaces, profiles, and performance 
testing and reporting, but has not yet completed its work. The 
biometrics community still lacks complete standards for 
accuracy (false non-match rate, real-world performance goals) 
and interoperability. There are a number of major technology 
systems within the Department, and across the government, which 
capture or use biometric data that would benefit from the 
development of standards for these images and systems. The 
Committee encourages the Under Secretary to consider, in 
coordination with NIST, the development of standards in the 
field of biometrics.
    The Homeland Security Act of 2002 authorizes the 
Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate 
to ``analyze law enforcement information, intelligence 
information, and other information from agencies of the Federal 
Government'' and ``to identify and assess the nature of 
terrorist threats''. The Committee is concerned that the 
intelligence operations of the Department of Homeland Security 
have experienced inadequacies in collecting threat information 
from other agencies of the Federal Government while at the same 
time separate, individual intelligence centers are being 
established and diminishing the original intent of centralizing 
intelligence gathering. The Committee expects the Secretary to 
work with other Federal agencies in the coordination of 
information sharing for the protection of the Nation's critical 
infrastructures.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Section 601. The Committee includes a provision limiting 
the expenditure of funds to the current fiscal year unless 
expressly provided otherwise in the Act.
    Section 602. The Committee includes a provision to make the 
Federal Emergency Management ``Working Capital Fund'' available 
to the Department of Homeland Security, and to redesignate the 
fund the ``Department of Homeland Security Working Capital 
Fund''.
    Section 603. The Committee includes a provision to make the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency ``Bequests and Gifts'' 
account available to the Department of Homeland Security; to 
redesignate it the ``Department of Homeland Security, Gifts and 
Donations'' fund; and to allow the Secretary of Homeland 
Security to accept, hold, administer and utilize gifts and 
bequests to facilitate the work of the Department.
    Section 604. The Committee includes a provision to require 
the reimbursement of Department of Homeland Security employees 
after an assignment of more than 30 days unless expressly 
provided otherwise in the Act.
    Section 605. The Committee includes a provision regarding 
the transfer and reprogramming of funds appropriated or 
transferred to the Department.
    Section 606. The Committee includes a provision allowing 
not to exceed $100,000 available for official reception and 
representation expenses available when specifically approved by 
the Secretary.
    Section 607. The Committee includes a provision providing 
that funds made available by the Act for intelligence 
activities are deemed to be specifically authorized until the 
enactment of an Act authorizing intelligence activities for 
fiscal year 2004.
    Section 608. The Committee includes a provision directing 
the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center to establish an 
accrediting body to establish standards for measuring and 
assessing the quality and effectiveness of Federal law 
enforcement training programs, facilities, and instructors.
    Section 609. The Committee includes a provision making 
permanent a prohibition on the use of funds for the production 
of customs declarations that do not inquire whether the 
passenger has been in the proximity of livestock.
    Section 610. The Committee includes a provision making 
permanent a prohibition on the use of funds for any activity or 
for paying the salary of any Government employee which would 
result in a determination, regulation, or policy that would 
prohibit the enforcement of section 307 of the Tariff Act of 
1930.
    Section 611. The Committee includes a provision making 
permanent a prohibition on the use of funds to import or 
release into the United States goods produced or manufactured 
by forced or indentured child labor.
    Section 612. The Committee includes a provision to allow, 
unless otherwise provided in the Act, funds to be used for the 
purchase of insurance for official vehicles operated overseas, 
for the hire and purchase of motor vehicles as authorized by 31 
U.S.C. 1343, and for the purchase of police-type vehicles 
without regard to the general purchase price limitation for the 
current fiscal year.
    Section 613. The Committee includes a provision allowing 
funds to be used for the purchase of uniforms without regard to 
the general purchase price limitations for the current fiscal 
year.
    Section 614. The Committee includes a provision prohibiting 
the use of funds to pursue or adopt guidelines or regulations 
requiring airport sponsors to provide to the Transportation 
Security Administration without cost building construction, 
maintenance, utilities and expenses, or space for services 
relating to aviation security in airport-sponsored buildings, 
but allowing ``below market'' rates to be specifically 
negotiated between the agency and airport sponsors.
    Section 615. The Committee includes a provision to prohibit 
the obligation of funds for the Computer Assisted Passenger 
Prescreening System until a study by the General Accounting 
Office is submitted to the Committees on Appropriations.

                     PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY

    The following information provides the definition of the 
term ``program, project, and activity'' for the directorates, 
bureaus, agencies, and other organizations of the Department of 
Homeland Security under the jurisdiction of the Homeland 
Security Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations. The 
term ``program, project, and activity'' shall include the most 
specific level of budget items identified in the Department of 
Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2004, the House and 
Senate Committee reports, and the conference report and 
accompanying joint explanatory statement of the managers of the 
committee of conference.
    If a percentage reduction is necessary, in implementing 
that reduction, directorates, bureaus, agencies, and other 
organizations of the Department of Homeland Security shall 
apply any percentage reduction required for fiscal year 2004 to 
all items specified in the justifications submitted to the 
Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate in support 
of the fiscal year 2004 budget estimates, as amended, for such 
organizations and directorates, as modified by congressional 
action.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 7 of rule XVI requires that Committee reports 
accompanying general appropriations bills identify each 
recommended amendment which proposes an item of appropriation 
which is not made to carry out the provisions of an existing 
law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution previously 
passed by the Senate during that session.
    The Committee recommends funding for the following programs 
or activities which currently lack authorization for fiscal 
year 2004:
    Department-Wide Technology Investments;
    Customs and Border Protection, Salaries and Expenses, 
Automation Modernization, Construction;
    Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Salaries and Expenses, 
Air and Maritime Operations, Construction;
    United States Coast Guard, Operating Expenses; 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration; Reserve training; 
Acquisitions, Construction, and Improvements; and Retired Pay;
    Counterterrorism Fund;
    Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Operating 
Expenses; and Acquisitions, Construction, and Improvements;
    Preparedness, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery;
    National Pre-Disaster Mitigation Fund;
    Flood Map Modernization Fund;
    Emergency Food and Shelter;
    National Flood Insurance Fund;
    Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection; 
Operating Expenses; and
    Science and Technology, Research, Development, 
Acquisitions, and Operations.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on July 10, 2003, 
the Committee ordered reported en bloc H.R. 2555, a bill making 
appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2004, as amended; and S. 1391, 
an original bill making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2004, each subject to amendment and each subject 
to the budget allocations, by a recorded vote of 29-0, a quorum 
being present. The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Stevens
Mr. Cochran
Mr. Specter
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Burns
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Campbell
Mr. Craig
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. DeWine
Mr. Brownback
Mr. Byrd
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Hollings
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Reid
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Johnson
Ms. Landrieu

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee reports 
on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute 
or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by the bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets; new matter is printed in italics; and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.
    With respect to this bill, it is the opinion of the 
Committee that it is necessary to dispense with these 
requirements in order to expedite the business of the Senate.

                                            BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL
  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Budget authority               Outlays
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                               Committee    Amount  of   Committee    Amount  of
                                                               allocation      bill      allocation      bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations
 to its subcommittees of amounts in the Budget Resolution
 for 2004: Subcommittee on Homeland Security
    Discretionary...........................................       28,521       28,521       30,248   \1\ 29,737
    Mandatory...............................................          831          831          847      \1\ 847
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2004....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........   \2\ 17,819
    2005....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        7,133
    2006....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        2,608
    2007....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........          827
    2008 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........          724
Financial assistance to State and local governments for                NA        2,849           NA          545
 2004.......................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\ Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
 NA: Not applicable.


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2003 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2004
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                        Senate Committee recommendation
                                                                                                                       compared with budget estimate (+
                                                                      2003                              Committee                    or -)
                             Item                                 appropriation    Budget estimate   recommendation  -----------------------------------
                                                                                                                            2003
                                                                                                                        appropriation    Budget estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
   TITLE I--DEPARTMENTAL OPERATIONS, MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT
                     Departmental Operations
 Departmental operations.......................................          195,370           294,000   ................         -195,370          -294,000
Office of the Secretary and Executive management..............  ................  ................           83,653           +83,653           +83,653
Office of the Under Secretary for Management..................  ................  ................          167,521          +167,521          +167,521
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Departmental Operations.......................          195,370           294,000           251,174           +55,804           -42,826
 Department-wide technology investments........................           63,321           206,000           185,000          +121,679           -21,000
                 Office of the Inspector General
 Salaries and expenses.........................................           41,510            58,118            58,118           +16,608   ................
Emergency Preparedness and Response Disaster Relief Fund (by             21,437            22,000            22,000              +563   ................
 transfer)....................................................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Office of the Inspector General...............           62,947            80,118            80,118           +17,171   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, Title I..........................................          321,638           580,118           516,292          +194,654           -63,826
                                                               =========================================================================================
                      TITLE II--SERVICES
              Citizenship and Immigration Services
 Operating expenses............................................          218,148           235,000           229,377           +11,229            -5,623
    Fee accounts..............................................       (1,427,000)       (1,564,000)       (1,564,000)        (+137,000)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, Citizenship and immigration services.............        1,645,148         1,799,000         1,793,377          +148,229            -5,623
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, Title II.........................................          218,148           235,000           229,377           +11,229            -5,623
          Appropriations......................................         (218,148)         (235,000)         (229,377)         (+11,229)          (-5,623)
          (Fee Accounts)......................................       (1,427,000)       (1,564,000)       (1,564,000)        (+137,000)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      TITLE III--SECURITY, ENFORCEMENT AND INVESTIGATIONS
 Office of the Under Secretary for Border and Transportation     ................  ................            8,842            +8,842            +8,842
 Security.....................................................
U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology........  ................  ................          380,000          +380,000          +380,000
                  Customs and Border Protection
 Salaries and expenses.........................................        5,710,608         5,644,000         4,366,000        -1,344,608        -1,278,000
    Harbor maintenance fee collection (trust fund)............            2,981             3,000             3,000               +19   ................
Automation modernization......................................  ................  ................          441,122          +441,122          +441,122
Construction..................................................  ................  ................           90,363           +90,363           +90,363
Fee accounts..................................................         (817,000)         (821,000)         (845,000)         (+28,000)         (+24,000)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Customs and border protection....................        6,530,589         6,468,000         5,745,485          -785,104          -722,515
          Appropriations......................................        5,713,589         5,647,000         4,900,485          -813,104          -746,515
          (Fee Accounts)......................................         (817,000)         (821,000)         (845,000)         (+28,000)         (+24,000)
               Immigration and Customs Enforcement
 Salaries and expenses.........................................        2,036,078         2,063,000         2,180,000          +143,922          +117,000
Federal Protective Services (GSA, Fed Bldgs Fund).............          408,031           424,211           424,211           +16,180   ................
Air and marine interdiction...................................  ................  ................          257,291          +257,291          +257,291
Construction..................................................  ................  ................           26,775           +26,775           +26,775
Fee accounts..................................................         (355,000)         (297,000)         (273,000)         (-82,000)         (-24,000)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Immigration and customs enforcement..............        2,799,109         2,784,211         3,161,277          +362,168          +377,066
          Appropriations......................................       (2,444,109)       (2,487,211)       (2,888,277)        (+444,168)        (+401,066)
          (Fee Accounts)......................................         (355,000)         (297,000)         (273,000)         (-82,000)         (-24,000)
             Transportation Security Administration
 Transportation Security Administration........................  ................        4,812,000   ................  ................       -4,812,000
Aviation security.............................................        5,131,944   ................        4,523,900          -608,044        +4,523,900
Maritime and land security....................................          263,209   ................          295,000           +31,791          +295,000
Research and development......................................          109,484   ................          130,200           +20,716          +130,200
Intelligence..................................................  ................  ................           13,600           +13,600           +13,600
Administration................................................          306,693   ................          433,200          +126,507          +433,200
    DOT, FAA, Facilities & Equipment (reimbursement)..........         -143,000   ................  ................         +143,000   ................
    Offsetting collections....................................       -2,650,000        -2,070,000        -2,070,000          +580,000   ................
Grants to air carriers........................................        2,395,750   ................  ................       -2,395,750   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administration...........        5,414,080         2,742,000         3,325,900        -2,088,180          +583,900
                    United States Coast Guard
 Operating expenses............................................        4,522,028         4,838,000         4,719,000          +196,972          -119,000
    Defense function..........................................         (337,790)         (340,000)         (340,000)          (+2,210)  ................
    Environmental compliance and restoration..................  ................          (17,000)  ................  ................         (-17,000)
    Reserve training..........................................  ................         (114,000)  ................  ................        (-114,000)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal................................................        4,522,028         4,838,000         4,719,000          +196,972          -119,000
     Rescissions...............................................  ................  ................          -71,000           -71,000           -71,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating expenses............................        4,522,028         4,838,000         4,648,000          +125,972          -190,000
 Environmental compliance and restoration......................           16,890   ................           17,000              +110           +17,000
Reserve training..............................................           85,933   ................           95,000            +9,067           +95,000
Acquisitions, Construction, and Improvements..................          737,277           797,000         1,035,000          +297,723          +238,000
    Rescissions...............................................          -17,000   ................  ................          +17,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, AC&I..........................................;          720,277           797,000         1,035,000          +314,723          +238,000
 Alteration of Bridges.........................................           17,088   ................  ................          -17,088   ................
Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation...................           21,857   ................  ................          -21,857   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, U.S. Coast Guard discretionary................        5,384,073         5,635,000         5,795,000          +410,927          +160,000
 Retired pay (mandatory).......................................          889,000         1,020,000         1,020,000          +131,000   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, United States Coast Guard........................        6,273,073         6,655,000         6,815,000          +541,927          +160,000
          Appropriations......................................        6,290,073         6,655,000         6,886,000          +595,927          +231,000
          Rescissions.........................................          -17,000   ................          -71,000           -54,000           -71,000
          Mandatory...........................................          889,000         1,020,000         1,020,000          +131,000   ................
                  United States Secret Service
 Operating expenses............................................        1,052,461         1,120,372         1,114,737           +62,276            -5,635
Acquisition, const, improvements, & related expenses..........            3,496             3,579             3,579               +83   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, United States Secret Service.....................        1,055,957         1,123,951         1,118,316           +62,359            -5,635
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, Title III........................................       20,900,808        18,655,162        19,436,820        -1,463,988          +781,658
          Appropriations......................................      (20,917,808)      (18,655,162)      (19,507,820)      (-1,409,988)        (+852,658)
          Rescissions.........................................         (-17,000)  ................         (-71,000)         (-54,000)         (-71,000)
                                                               =========================================================================================
       TITLE IV--ASSESSMENTS, PREPAREDNESS, AND RECOVERY
 Counterterrorism fund.........................................          159,935            40,000            20,000          -139,935           -20,000
             Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
 Salaries and expenses.........................................          136,108           122,379           172,736           +36,628           +50,357
Acquisition, Construction, Improvements & Rel Expenses........           35,766            23,679            28,708            -7,058            +5,029
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center..........          171,874           146,058           201,444           +29,570           +55,386
                Office for Domestic Preparedness
 State and local programs:
    Basic grants..............................................        2,335,884         3,558,000         1,750,000          -585,884        -1,808,000
    Technical assistance......................................  ................  ................           30,000           +30,000           +30,000
    High density, high threat urban area discretionary grants.          700,000   ................          750,000           +50,000          +750,000
    Critical Infrastructure...................................          200,000   ................  ................         -200,000   ................
    National programs.........................................  ................  ................          358,000          +358,000          +358,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, State and local programs......................        3,235,884         3,558,000         2,888,000          -347,884          -670,000
 Firefighter assistance grants.................................  ................  ................          750,000          +750,000          +750,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office for Domestic Preparedness.................        3,235,884         3,558,000         3,638,000          +402,116           +80,000
 Under Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and Response.......  ................  ................            3,615            +3,615            +3,615
               Emergency Preparedness and Response
 Operating expenses............................................        1,210,618         1,652,267           826,801          -383,817          -825,466
    Rescissions...............................................  ................  ................           -3,000            -3,000            -3,000
    (Transfer from Disaster relief)...........................           (2,881)  ................  ................          (-2,881)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal................................................        1,210,618         1,652,267           823,801          -386,817          -828,466
 Radiological emergency preparedness fund......................           -1,000   ................  ................           +1,000   ................
Disaster relief...............................................          794,800         1,956,000         1,956,000        +1,161,200   ................
    Transfer to Office of the Inspector General...............          -21,437           -22,000           -22,000              -563   ................
    (Transfer to operating expenses)..........................          (-2,881)  ................  ................          (+2,881)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster Relief...............................          773,363         1,934,000         1,934,000        +1,160,637   ................
 Disaster assistance direct loan program account:
    (Limitation on direct loans)..............................          (24,837)          (25,000)          (25,000)            (+163)  ................
    Administrative expenses...................................              553               557               557                +4   ................
 National pre-disaster mitigation fund.........................          149,025           280,000           150,000              +975          -130,000
Flood map modernization fund..................................          149,025           200,000           200,000           +50,975   ................
 National flood insurance fund:
    (Limitation on administrative expenses):
        Salaries and expenses.................................           32,182            32,663            32,663              +481   ................
        Flood mitigation......................................           77,161            77,809            77,809              +648   ................
        (Transfer to Grant programs)..........................         (-19,870)         (-20,000)         (-20,000)            (-130)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, National flood insurance fund.............          109,343           110,472           110,472            +1,129   ................
 National flood mitigation fund (by transfer)..................          (19,870)          (20,000)          (20,000)            (+130)  ................
Emergency management performance grant........................          163,928   ................          165,000            +1,072          +165,000
Emergency food and shelter....................................          152,005           153,000           153,000              +995   ................
Firefighter assistance grants.................................          745,125   ................  ................         -745,125   ................
Office of Cerro Grande Fire Claims............................           89,415   ................           38,062           -51,353           +38,062
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, EP&R..........................................;        3,541,400         4,330,296         3,574,892           +33,492          -755,404
       Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection
 Office of the Under Secretary for Information Analysis and      ................  ................           10,460           +10,460           +10,460
 Infrastructure Protection....................................
Operating expenses............................................          185,149           829,000           823,700          +638,551            -5,300
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, Title IV.........................................        7,294,242         8,903,354         8,272,111          +977,869          -631,243
          Appropriations......................................       (7,294,242)       (8,903,354)       (8,275,111)        (+980,869)        (-628,243)
          Advance appropriation for subsequent years..........  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
      (Transfer out)..........................................         (-22,751)         (-20,000)         (-20,000)          (+2,751)  ................
      (By transfer)...........................................          (22,751)          (20,000)          (20,000)          (-2,751)  ................
      (Limitation on direct loans)............................          (24,837)          (25,000)          (25,000)            (+163)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
               TITLE V--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Under Secretary for Science and Technology....................  ................  ................            5,400            +5,400            +5,400
Research, development, acquisition, and operations............          551,925           803,360           866,000          +314,075           +62,640
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, Title V..........................................          551,925           803,360           871,400          +319,475           +68,040
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Grand Total, Department of Homeland Security............       29,286,761        29,176,994        29,326,000           +39,239          +149,006
          Appropriations......................................      (29,303,761)      (29,176,994)      (29,400,000)         (+96,239)        (+223,006)
          Rescissions.........................................         (-17,000)  ................         (-74,000)         (-57,000)         (-74,000)
      (Transfer out)..........................................         (-22,751)         (-20,000)         (-20,000)          (+2,751)  ................
      (By transfer)...........................................          (22,751)          (20,000)          (20,000)          (-2,751)  ................
      (Limitation on direct loans)............................          (24,837)          (25,000)          (25,000)            (+163)  ................
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