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109th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    109-118

======================================================================



 
SCIENCE, STATE, JUSTICE, COMMERCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS 
                         BILL, FISCAL YEAR 2006

                                _______
                                

 June 10, 2005.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Wolf, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            ADDITIONAL VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2862]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for Science, the Departments of State, Justice 
and Commerce, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2006.

                        INDEX TO BILL AND REPORT

_______________________________________________________________________


                                                            Page Number

                                                            Bill Report
Title I--Department of Justice.............................     2
                                                                      8
Title II--Department of Commerce and Related Agencies......    34
                                                                     71
        Office of the United States Trade Representative...    34
                                                                     71
        International Trade Commission.....................    35
                                                                     73
        Department of Commerce.............................    35
                                                                     74
Title III--Science.........................................    52
                                                                    101
        Office of Science and Technology Policy............    52
                                                                    101
        National Aeronautics and Space Administration......    53
                                                                    102
        National Science Foundation........................    57
                                                                    110
Title IV--Department of State and Related Agency...........    60
                                                                    114
        Department of State................................    60
                                                                    114
        Broadcasting Board of Governors....................    71
                                                                    139
Title V--Related Agencies..................................    76
                                                                    144
        Antitrust Modernization Commission.................    76
                                                                    144
        Commission for the Preservation of America's 
            Heritage Abroad................................    76
                                                                    144
        Commission on Civil Rights.........................    76
                                                                    144
        Commission on International Religious Freedom......    77
                                                                    145
        Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe...    77
                                                                    146
        Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's 
            Republic of China..............................    77
                                                                    146
        Equal Employment Opportunity Commission............    78
                                                                    146
        Federal Communications Commission..................    79
                                                                    147
        Federal Trade Commission...........................    80
                                                                    148
        HELP Commission....................................    81
                                                                    149
        Legal Services Corporation.........................    81
                                                                    149
        Marine Mammal Commission...........................    82
                                                                    149
        Securities and Exchange Commission.................    82
                                                                    149
        Small Business Administration......................    84
                                                                    150
        State Justice Institute............................    88
                                                                    154
        United States-China Economic and Security Review 
            Commission.....................................    88
                                                                    154
        United States Institute of Peace...................    88
                                                                    155
Title VI--General Provisions...............................    88
                                                                    155
Title VII--Rescissions.....................................   107
                                                                    158

                Summary of Estimates and Recommendations

    The Committee recommends a total of $57,453,000,000 in 
discretionary budget authority for the departments and agencies 
funded in this bill. The recommendation is $3,043,383,000 below 
the request and $1,211,118,000 above the amount enacted for the 
current fiscal year. The Committee also recommends $360,700,000 
for mandatory programs funded within this bill.
    The following table provides a comparison of the new budget 
authority and outlays recommended in the accompanying bill with 
the amounts appropriated for fiscal year 2005, and the budget 
request for fiscal year 2006.

                                                                [In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         FY 2006 recommendation compared
                                                                     FY 2005 enacted                       FY 2006                    with
                                                                         including    FY 2006 request    recommended   ---------------------------------
                                                                      supplementals                                     FY 2005 enacted  FY 2006 request
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary......................................................           56,242           60,496           57,453           +1,211           -3,043
Mandatory..........................................................              370              361              361               -9  ...............
                                                                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total..........................................................           56,612           60,857           57,814           +1,202           -3,043
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BILL

    Major initiatives and highlights contained in the 
recommendation follow:

                                                             TITLE I.--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
                                                                [In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         FY 2006 recommendation compared
                                                                     FY 2005 enacted                       FY 2006                    with
                                                                         including    FY 2006 request    recommended   ---------------------------------
                                                                      supplementals                                     FY 2005 enacted  FY 2006 request
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary......................................................           20,658           20,336           21,448             +790           +1,112
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$21.4 billion in discretionary funding for the Department 
of Justice, $790 million above the fiscal year 2005 level and 
$1.1 billion above the President's request;
    --$542 million increase for the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation to enhance their intelligence, counterterrorism, 
cybercrime, and counterintelligence, while maintaining their 
ability to fight traditional crimes;
    --$67 million increase for the Drug Enforcement 
Administration to enhance Federal law enforcement's ability to 
fight drug crime;
    --$2.6 billion to assist State and local law enforcement to 
fight crime, which is $1 billion above the request including: 
the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants program 
($348 million), the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program 
($355 million), juvenile justice and accountability programs 
($334 million), law enforcement technologies and interoperable 
communications ($120 million), the DNA backlog elimination 
program ($177 million), and violence against women prevention 
and prosecution programs ($387 million);
    --$41 million increase for the United States Marshals 
Service to ensure that the Federal judiciary operates safely 
and efficiently; and
    --$41 million increase for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
Firearms and Explosives to enforce our Nation's gun and 
explosives laws.

                                                 TITLE II.--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES
                                                                [In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         FY 2006 recommendation compared
                                                                     FY 2005 enacted      FY 2006          FY 2006                    with
                                                                         including       requested       recommended   ---------------------------------
                                                                      supplementals                                     FY 2005 enacted  FY 2006 request
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary......................................................            6,657            9,557            5,826             -831           -3,731
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$1.7 billion for the Patent and Trademark Office;
    --$501 million for the international trade agencies;
    --$3.43 billion for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, including $856 million for the National Weather 
Service;
    --$549 million for the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology, including $106 million for Manufacturing Extension 
Partnerships; and
    --Does not include $3.71 billion requested for the 
``Strengthening America's Communities'' initiative.

                                                                   TITLE III.--SCIENCE
                                                                [In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         FY 2006 recommendation compared
                                                                     FY 2005 enacted      FY 2006          FY 2006                    with
                                                                         including       requested       recommended   ---------------------------------
                                                                      supplementals                                     FY 2005 enacted  FY 2006 request
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary......................................................           21,676           22,067           22,120             +444              +53
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$16.47 billion for the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration; and
    --$5.64 billion for the National Science Foundation.

                                                    TITLE IV.--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY
                                                                [In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         FY 2006 recommendation compared
                                                                     FY 2005 enacted      FY 2006          FY 2006                    with
                                                                         including       requested       recommended   ---------------------------------
                                                                      supplementals                                     FY 2005 enacted  FY 2006 request
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary......................................................           10,648            9,804            9,531           -1,117             -273
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --A 6.3 percent increase over fiscal year 2005 for the 
basic operations of the Department, excluding supplemental 
appropriations;
    --100 new positions to respond to high priority diplomatic 
requirements, including 33 positions for the Office of the 
Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization; 47 positions 
for critical staffing needs, including non-proliferation of 
weapons of mass destruction, and combating terrorist financing; 
and 20 positions for critical needs language training, 
including Arabic, Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), Dari, 
Pashto, Korean, and Farsi.
    --A total of $340 million specifically for public diplomacy 
programs to counter Anti-American sentiments around the world, 
and a total of $410 million to enhance efforts to engage 
foreign audiences through educational and cultural exchanges, 
especially with the Arab and Muslim world.
    --$1.599 billion for embassy security programs, an increase 
of $49.67 million over fiscal year 2005, including 55 new 
diplomatic security personnel. In addition, a total of $596.7 
million is provided for an overseas capital security cost 
sharing program, including $393.6 million from the State 
Department, which will result in acceleration of the program to 
construct secure replacement facilities for American personnel 
serving overseas;
    --$1.166 billion for assessments for U.S. membership in the 
United Nations and other international organizations;
    --$1.036 billion for contributions for international 
peacekeeping activities, the full amount requested; and
    --$630.9 million for international broadcasting, including 
increases for radio and television broadcasting to the Middle 
East.

                                                               TITLE V.--RELATED AGENCIES
                                                                [In millions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                         FY 2006 recommendation compared
                                                                     FY 2005 enacted      FY 2006          FY 2006                    with
                                                                         including       requested       recommended   ---------------------------------
                                                                      supplementals                                     FY 2005 enacted  FY 2006 request
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary......................................................            3,246            2,229            2,237           -1,009               +8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --$211 million for the Federal Trade Commission including 
full funding for the National Do-Not-Call program;
    --$888 million in total budget authority for the Securities 
and Exchange Commission to protect investors and combat 
corporate fraud; and
    --$590 million in total budget authority for the Small 
Business Administration, including $88 million for the Small 
Business Development Centers to conduct outreach to the 
Nation's small businesses and a record $16.5 billion 7(a) 
business loan program, as requested, to help small businesses 
access capital.

      Right-Sizing the United States Government Overseas Presence

    The Committee strongly supports interagency efforts to 
right-size the overseas presence of the United States 
Government. The Committee understands the definition of right-
sizing to be the systematic and thorough review of all overseas 
missions and staffing levels and the reallocation of resources 
to achieve a leaner, streamlined, more agile, and more secure 
U.S. Government presence abroad. The Committee expects agencies 
funded in this bill to cooperate fully with all interagency 
efforts to achieve effective right-sizing.
    The 1998 terrorist attacks on two U.S. Embassies in Africa 
highlighted security deficiencies in diplomatic facilities. The 
bombings in Saudi Arabia, the assassination of a USAID employee 
in Jordan, and the closure of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya 
underscore continued threats against U.S. personnel overseas. 
The attacks on the American Embassies in Africa prompted the 
creation of the Overseas Presence Advisory Panel, which 
proposed significant recommendations regarding right-sizing 
that have subsequently been embraced by this Committee, and 
included in the President's Management Agenda. In addition, the 
General Accounting Office (GAO) has studied right-sizing the 
Nation's overseas presence. The GAO reports found that U.S. 
agencies' staffing projections for new embassy compounds are 
developed without a systematic approach or comprehensive right-
sizing analysis. In response, the GAO developed a framework of 
questions designed to link staffing levels to three critical 
elements of overseas diplomatic operations: (1) physical/
technical security of facilities and employees; (2) mission 
priorities and requirements; and (3) cost of operations. In 
light of continuing security vulnerability, the Committee 
intends to ensure that such a framework is established and 
followed.
    The Committee expects that the fiscal year 2007 budget 
request will continue to reflect the application of a right-
sizing methodology. Increases or expansions should be justified 
in terms of mission priorities both within the agency, and 
within the specific diplomatic mission, and should be, to the 
maximum extent possible, accompanied by offsetting decreases to 
maximize the allocation of scarce resources to emerging 
priorities. A proper plan should include a systematic analysis 
to bring about a reconfiguration of overseas staffing to the 
minimum level necessary to meet critical U.S. foreign policy 
goals. The Committee expects to receive this additional 
analysis prior to the establishment or expansion of any 
activities beyond those currently approved.

                           Science Education

    America's advantage in science, math and technology is 
slipping. Our systems of basic scientific research and 
education are in crisis, while other countries are redoubling 
their efforts. The United States can remain the world's 
technological leader if it makes the commitment to do so.
    The funding recommendations in this bill address the urgent 
need to invest in scientific research and education to begin to 
reverse this trend. The bill includes $4.38 billion for 
National Science Foundation (NSF) research and related 
activities, an increase of $44 million above the President's 
request. This is the Nation's largest resource pool for basic 
scientific research across all fields. The bill also includes: 
$807 million for NSF's education programs, which is $70 million 
above the request; and $169 million for National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration education programs, which is $2 
million above the request. The bill also includes $28.9 million 
for a new consolidated education program for the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
    The Committee recommendation also encourages the National 
Science Board to establish a commission to present 
recommendations for broad Federal action to address the crisis 
in science and math education. The Committee also expects the 
Administration's 2007 budget request to include a significant 
investment to respond to this crisis.
    The Committee directs that under the auspices of the Office 
of Science and Technology Policy the science agencies receiving 
funding for education programs in this bill should develop a 
comprehensive coordinated plan to rationalize the various 
educational programs in these areas to maximize results and 
minimize duplication. This plan should be submitted to the 
Committee concurrently with the submission of the President's 
2007 budget request to the Congress.

            Reprogrammings, Reorganizations, and Relocations

    As in previous years, section 605 contains language 
concerning the reprogramming of funds between programs and 
activities.
    The Committee expects each department and agency to follow 
closely the reprogramming procedures listed below, which are 
similar to provisions that applied in statute during fiscal 
year 2005. These procedures apply to funds provided under this 
Act, or provided under previous Appropriations Acts that remain 
available for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2006, or 
provided from any accounts in the Treasury available to the 
agencies funded by this Act.
    The Committee expects that the Chairman of the 
Appropriations Subcommittee on Science, the Departments of 
State, Justice and Commerce, and Related Agencies will be 
notified by letter a minimum of 15 days prior to--
    (1) Reprogramming of funds, whether permanent or temporary, 
in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, between 
programs or activities. This provision is also applicable in 
cases where several activities are involved with each receiving 
less than $500,000. In addition, the Committee is to be 
notified of reprogramming actions which are less than these 
amounts if such actions would have the effect of committing the 
agency to significant funding requirements in future years.
    (2) Increasing funds or personnel by any means for any 
project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
restricted.
    (3) Creating new programs, offices, agencies or commissions 
or substantially augmenting existing programs, offices, 
agencies or commissions.
    (4) Relocating offices or employees.
    (5) Reorganizing offices, programs, or activities.
    In addition, the Committee expects any department or agency 
funded in the accompanying bill that is planning to conduct a 
reduction-in-force to notify the Committee by letter 30 days in 
advance of the date of the proposed personnel action.
    The Committee also expects that any items that are subject 
to interpretation will be reported.
    The Committee is concerned that, in some instances, the 
departments or agencies funded within this Appropriations Act 
are not adhering to the Committee's reprogramming policy and 
procedures that are set forth in this report and in section 605 
of the accompanying bill. The Committee expects that each 
department and agency funded in the bill will follow these 
notification policies precisely and will not reallocate 
resources or reorganize activities prior to submitting the 
required notifications to the Committee. The Committee has 
provided each of the departments, NASA and the Small Business 
Administration, with transfer authority, which is the same as 
the transfer authority provided in the fiscal year 2005 
Appropriations Acts. The Committee believes such authority, 
together with the traditional reprogramming policy, gives each 
department or agency the needed flexibility to respond to 
unanticipated circumstances and requirements, which may arise 
throughout the fiscal year.

           Relationship With Budget and Comptroller's Offices

    Through the years the Appropriations Committee has 
channeled most of its inquiries and requests for information 
and assistance through the budget offices or comptroller 
organizations of the various departments, agencies, and 
commissions. The Committee has often pointed out the natural 
affinity and relationship between these organizations and the 
Appropriations Committee that makes such a relationship 
imperative. The Committee reiterates its position that, while 
it reserves the right to call upon all organizations in the 
departments, agencies, and commissions for information and 
assistance, the primary contact between the Committee and these 
entities must be through the budget offices and comptroller 
organizations.
    The workload generated in the budget process is large and 
growing, and, therefore, a positive, responsive relationship 
between the Committee and the budget and/or comptroller offices 
is absolutely essential to the appropriations process to ensure 
that the information needs of the Committee are met in order to 
fulfill the Constitutional responsibilities of the Congress.

              Full Compliance With the Telework Directive

    Advances in information and computer technology, the 
development of the Internet, and the growth of wireless and 
digital products have given some Federal employees the ability 
to telework, or work anytime from almost any place. Management 
considerations, such as productive and satisfied workers; 
environmental considerations, such as reduced traffic 
congestion and improved air quality; and quality of life 
considerations, such as accommodating the short- or long-term 
health needs of employees, require the establishment of 
telework programs.
    Policies on telework continue to evolve. Among the factors 
that contribute to successful programs are top management 
support and a clear telework agreement that includes 
expectations with measurable goals, accountability, and 
performance results. The Committee is committed to telework 
programs in the Federal government and is impressed by the 
efforts of some of the agencies under its jurisdiction. For 
example, nearly 2,000 employees at the U.S. Patent and 
Trademark Office now experience the benefits of telecommuting, 
representing about twenty-five percent of the workforce. 
However, full implementation of telecommuting policies remains 
to be achieved.
    The bill includes a provision requiring that the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Securities and 
Exchange Commission and the Small Business Administration 
certify that telecommuting opportunities have increased over 
the fiscal year 2005 levels. Previous public laws have required 
the departments and agencies to each establish a policy under 
which eligible employees may participate in telecommuting to 
the maximum extent possible without diminished performance. 
Language is repeated from fiscal year 2005 requiring agencies 
to designate a Telework Coordinator. The bill also includes new 
language requiring the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration and the National Science Foundation to certify 
that telecommuting opportunities are made available to 100 
percent of the eligible workforce.

                          Budget Presentation

    The Committee is supportive of budget and performance 
integration so that government programs can become more 
results-oriented. While the amount of performance data included 
in budget documents has increased, in many cases it has been at 
the expense of programmatic budget data and justifications that 
are critical to the work of the Committee. The Committee 
expects all Departments and agencies covered under this Act to 
consult with the Committee on this issue before submission of 
the fiscal year 2007 Budget Request and justification 
materials.

                     TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

    Despite severe funding limitations faced by the Committee 
in fiscal year 2006, the recommendation for the Department of 
Justice reflects the overriding priority of the Committee to 
ensure that Federal, State and local law enforcement entities 
have sufficient resources to address the threat of terrorism 
while continuing to perform traditional law enforcement 
activities to prevent and investigate crimes. The 
recommendation reflects the Committee's commitment to combating 
terrorism, espionage, cybercrime, gang-related crime, illegal 
drugs, and corporate fraud.
    The Committee recommends $21,675,060,000 in new budget 
authority in the accompanying bill for the Department of 
Justice for fiscal year 2006. This amount is $781,226,000 above 
the current year and $1,112,275,000 above the budget request. 
Of the total amount provided, $21,448,060,000 is derived from 
general purpose discretionary funds and $227,000,000 is scored 
as mandatory spending.
    The recommendation continues the Committee's commitment to 
fighting terrorism by including a $541,634,000 increase to the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation. In addition, the 
recommendation supports the requirements of the other Federal 
law enforcement agencies in the Department of Justice by fully 
funding the requests for the United States Attorneys and the 
Federal Prison Systems, Salaries and Expenses account, and by 
providing $10,000,000 above the request for the United States 
Marshals Service to enhance its capability to protect the 
judicial process and $12,017,000 above the request for the Drug 
Enforcement Administration to combat drug trafficking.
    Finally, the recommendation continues the Committee's 
commitment to supporting our nation's police and sheriffs' 
departments by providing an increase of $1,024,221,000 above 
the Administration's request for State and local law 
enforcement grants. As Federal law enforcement agencies 
continue to divert resources away from traditional crime 
fighting to strengthen its counterterrorism capabilities, a 
void is left that only State and local law enforcement are 
positioned to fill. In this context, the Committee finds the 
Administration's budget request, which proposes a 
$1,424,349,000, or 48 percent, reduction in funding for State 
and local law enforcement assistance to be woefully inadequate. 
In order to address State and local law enforcement 
requirements, the Committee recommends a total of 
$2,592,976,000 in new budget authority for crime fighting grant 
programs for fiscal year 2006.
    The recommendation provides increases above the request for 
the Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grants program 
(+$348,466,000), the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program 
(+$355,000,000), juvenile justice and accountability programs 
(+$101,488,000), meth hot spots (+$40,000,000), gang violence 
reduction (+$60,000,000) and law enforcement technologies and 
interoperability grants (+$120,000,000).

                         General Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends a total of $126,956,000 for 
General Administration for fiscal year 2006. This amount is 
$4,513,000 above the level provided in the current year and 
$34,451,000 below the request.
    This account supports the development of policy objectives 
and the overall management of the Department of Justice. The 
recommendation fully funds the request for the Office of 
Intelligence Policy and Review, including a program increase of 
40 additional positions and $8,289,000. The recommendation does 
not provide the requested enhancement for the unified financial 
management system. However, the Committee recognizes the 
Department's need to modernize its financial management system 
and encourages the Department to use the Working Capital Fund 
to finance this requirement.
    Consistent with direction included in previous years, the 
recommendation includes necessary sums to continue efforts to 
replace locks used to store classified information.
    The Committee is concerned with excessive delay in the 
issuance of regulations governing the recognition of asylum 
claims from women fleeing honor killings, trafficking, sexual 
slavery and domestic violence. The lack of a resolution on this 
issue is causing hardship and suffering for women whose cases 
remain in legal limbo. The Committee expects the Departments of 
Justice and Homeland Security to issue regulations to govern 
gender-based asylum claims.
    The Committee recognizes the important contribution the 
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) plays in disrupting and 
dismantling drug organizations and in protecting our national 
security. The Committee directs the Attorney General, in 
cooperation with the Director of National Intelligence, to 
submit a report, not later than 120 days after enactment of 
this Act, on the practicality of integrating the DEA, or a 
portion thereof, into the Intelligence Community.
    The Committee is extremely disappointed with the amount of 
time it takes the Department to respond to hearing questions 
submitted for the record by Members of the Subcommittee. Many 
of these questions are factual and responses should not require 
multiple layers of review or require weeks, and often months, 
to submit. The Committee is concerned that in practice, this 
has resulted in the needless withholding of budgetary and 
programmatic information that is necessary to the Committee's 
work. The Committee believes that the open sharing of 
information results in a more effective relationship between 
the branches of government and improves the quality of 
legislation.
    The Committee encourages the Attorney General to ensure 
that every contract the Department enters into that 
contemplates the exchange of personal data between the 
contractor and the Department include a provision requiring 
that entity to have a security policy in place that contains 
procedures to promptly notify any individual whose personal 
information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, lost 
or acquired by an unauthorized person. Notification could 
either be delayed or shall not occur if it would impede a law 
enforcement investigation or cause damage to national security. 
The Committee is concerned about the security of personal data, 
as highlighted recently by several security breaches at large 
companies that resulted in the theft of personal data.
    Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties.--Since September 11, 
2001, the Congress has provided both significant additional 
resources and broad legal authorities to the Justice Department 
to meet its counterterrorism responsibilities. In fiscal year 
2004, the Committee directed the Department to designate a 
senior policy official to assume responsibility for developing 
appropriate civil rights safeguards, particularly as related to 
the war on terrorism, and for coordinating the work of all 
Department components involved in these efforts. For fiscal 
year 2005, Congress provided funding for 2 additional 
professional staff positions for the Office and required a 
report to be submitted this January detailing the specific 
responsibilities and authorities of the Office, with annual 
activity reports due in the following years. The Committee is 
disappointed by the Department's inability to complete the 
initial report and is concerned that this reflects poorly on 
the attitude of the Department toward the responsibilities of 
this Office. The Committee directs the Department of Justice to 
submit the initial report as soon as possible and to provide 
subsequent annual reports by January 30 of each year.
    Gangs.--According to FBI Congressional testimony, ``Gangs 
and other criminal enterprises, operating in the U.S. and 
throughout the world, pose increasing concerns for the 
international law enforcement and intelligence communities. 
Today, gangs are more violent, more organized, and more 
widespread than ever before. They pose one of the greatest 
threats to the safety and security of all Americans. The 
Department of Justice estimates there are approximately 30,000 
gangs, with 800,000 members, impacting 2,500 communities across 
the U.S. The innocent people in these communities face daily 
exposure to violence from criminal gangs trafficking in drugs 
and weapons and gangs fighting amongst themselves to control or 
extend their turf and their various criminal enterprises.'' In 
fiscal year 2005, the Committee began to address this issue by 
establishing a National Gang Intelligence Center in the FBI, 
providing 24 additional Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms 
and Explosives (ATF) agents specifically for gang 
investigations, providing 25 additional Assistant U.S. 
Attorneys for gang investigations, and providing $25,000,000 
under the Office of Justice Programs for gang resistance and 
education training for youth.
    The Committee is pleased and encouraged that the President 
and the First Lady made a commitment to address the gang 
problem. The Committee appreciates and supports the Attorney 
General's efforts to strengthen Department-wide efforts to 
combat gang violence and reduce crime including: (1) 
establishing the Attorney General's Anti-Gang Coordination 
Committee who will lead the Department's anti-gang activities; 
(2) appointing of an Assistant U.S. Attorney in each judicial 
district to serve as an anti-gang coordinator to prepare 
comprehensive, district-wide strategies--in consultation with 
partners from Federal and local law enforcement, social 
services, and community and faith-based groups--to coordinate 
anti-gang activity across the board; and (3) developing a 
single, integrated, advanced level training regimen including 
enforcement and prevention activities.
    In addition to continuing funding for the program increases 
provided in fiscal year 2005, the recommendation provides the 
following new program increases: $9,700,000 for the FBI to 
establish 20 additional Safe Streets Task Forces and for other 
operational needs; $23,068,000 for ATF Violent Crime Impact 
Teams; $3,000,000 for 32 additional United States Attorneys' 
positions for additional gang prosecutions and to act as anti-
gang strategy coordinators; $719,000 for additional ATF, United 
States Marshals Service, DEA and Bureau of Prisons intelligence 
analysts to work at the National Gang Intelligence Center; 
$1,000,000 for 8 additional Criminal Division positions to 
assist U.S. Attorneys' Offices and coordinate investigations 
across judicial districts; and $60,000,000 for a new anti-gang 
State and local law enforcement grant program.
    The Committee directs the Department to submit a report on 
its efforts to share intelligence relating to large, violent 
gangs with State and local law enforcement officials. The 
report should address specific gangs, drug trafficking 
organizations, the regions in which they operate, and the 
Federal resources allocated to containing these gangs.
    The recommendation retains bill language proposed for 
deletion regarding the position and workyear limits for the 
Offices of Public Affairs and Legislative Affairs and 
Departmental Leadership. The recommendation also retains bill 
language making up to $3,317,000 available until expended for 
Departmental building, renovation, maintenance, and security 
needs.

                 JUSTICE INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY

    The recommendation provides $135,000,000 for this account, 
which is $46,490,000 below the request. This is a new account 
proposed in the budget request that consolidates funding for 
several information sharing activities into one account. This 
new account will fund the Joint Automated Booking System; the 
Justice Consolidated Office Network; the Law Enforcement 
Information Sharing Program including data base applications; 
Public Key Infrastructure and Secure Communications; Case 
Management Common Solutions for the litigating components; 
IDENT/IAFIS integration; and the management and administration 
costs of the Department's Office of the Chief Information 
Officer (OCIO). If additional funding for this account is 
necessary, the Committee encourages the Department to reprogram 
funding from the Working Capital Fund subject to section 605 of 
this Act. The recommendation includes funding for the following 
initiatives:
    Joint Automated Booking System (JABS).--JABS enables 
Federal law enforcement components to electronically share 
criminal arrest data, which improves criminal identification 
response times and avoids duplication of booking data entry.
    Justice Consolidated Office Network (JCON).--JCON is the 
standard office automation system upon which 16 Department of 
Justice components operate their mission-critical applications 
which allows attorneys and law enforcement officials the 
immediate ability to exchange all electronic data with and 
between components on a common platform.
    Law Enforcement Information Sharing Program (LEISP).--LEISP 
will help to implement the information technology tools needed 
to facilitate timely, appropriate and secure sharing of 
information across Federal, State and local law enforcement. 
Through LEISP, the Department will develop a comprehensive 
information sharing program that can help identify emerging 
threats and patterns, find relationships among individual 
groups, and provide useful tactical and strategic information 
to criminal and counterterrorism investigators. This effort 
includes the creation of national and regional data exchange 
databases to facilitate the sharing of information. The 
Committee expects the Department to work cooperatively with 
State and local law enforcement on this initiative.
    Case Management Common Solutions for litigating 
components.--Currently, the Department's litigating components' 
case management systems are highly decentralized and 
information is stored in numerous disconnected systems. This 
project would consolidate the 94 U.S. Attorneys Offices and six 
headquarters litigating components into one web-based common 
case management system.
    Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and Secure 
Communications.--PKI will provide the Department with enhanced 
information technology security services to allow classified 
information to be shared across the Department and with the 
Intelligence Community. The Committee expects the Department to 
allocate not less than $5,000,000 for this project.
    Automated Biometric Identification System/Integrated 
Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IDENT/IAFIS).--
This project was established to integrate the separate 
identification systems operated by the Department of Homeland 
Security (DHS) with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). 
The IDENT/IAFIS project was designed to support the 
apprehension and prosecution of criminal aliens and to provide 
State and local law enforcement personnel with direct access to 
DHS data through IAFIS. With real-time connection between the 
two systems, DHS would have the capability to determine whether 
an apprehended person is subject to a currently posted Want/
Warrant or has a record in the FBI's Criminal Master File. 
Collaterally, the integration of IDENT and IAFIS would enable 
cognizant law enforcement agencies to obtain all relevant 
immigration information as part of a criminal history response 
from a single FBI search.
    The Committee understands this program has achieved its 
first mandate to make FBI IAFIS records available to certain 
DHS components. The Committee understands that DHS is in the 
process of deploying this technology to additional locations. 
However, the Committee understands little progress has been 
made to make DHS records available to the FBI and State and 
local law enforcement.
    In a December 2004 report, the Department's Inspector 
General concluded that the Departments of Justice, Homeland 
Security and State have not agreed on a uniform fingerprint 
technology standard nor on how to develop a fully interoperable 
system that provides law enforcement agencies with readily and 
easily available access to Homeland Security records. The 
report goes on to state that the Department of Justice cannot 
proceed with planning to make the FBI fingerprint database 
interoperable with Homeland Security or State until high-level 
policy decisions are made regarding who will be subject to 
fingerprint searches, the standard to be used, the databases to 
be used, and other issues. In testimony before the Committee, 
the Committee heard that the Department of Justice and the FBI 
are working within the Administration to resolve these issues. 
The Committee expects these issues to be resolved 
expeditiously.
    The Committee is disappointed that the report on the status 
of efforts to achieve real time interoperability between IDENT, 
IAFIS, and US-VISIT required by the fiscal year 2005 
Appropriations Act has yet to be submitted. The Committee is 
concerned that the Administration is not taking this effort to 
improve information sharing seriously.
    Within the level of funding provided, the Committee directs 
that sufficient resources should be allocated to accelerate the 
integration of these systems.
    E-Government.--The Committee directs that the Department's 
participation in government-wide e-government initiatives be 
managed by the OCIO. The bill includes a new section 110 
requiring the Department to submit a reprogramming in 
accordance with section 605 of this Act before obligating funds 
for e-government initiatives.
    Federal Investigation Case Management System (FICMS).--The 
Committee understands that the Administration is working to 
create a common information technology case management 
architecture to facilitate information sharing across all 
Federal law enforcement agencies. The Committee directs that 
the Department's participation in this effort be managed by the 
OCIO.

         NARROWBAND COMMUNICATIONS/INTEGRATED WIRELESS NETWORK

    The Committee recommends $110,000,000 for this account, 
which is $11,336,000 above the current year and $18,701,000 
below the request. The purpose of this account is to fund the 
Department's efforts to comply with the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration narrowband 
mandates. This account funds component legacy network 
requirements, operations of the Wireless Management Office, the 
Integrated Wireless Network operations, and the acquisition of 
new equipment and services. If additional resources are 
required for this account, the Committee will consider a 
reprogramming of Working Capital Fund balances.

                   ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW AND APPEALS

    The Committee recommends $215,685,000 for this account, 
which is $14,444,000 above the current year and $601,000 below 
the request. The Committee understands the Department has 
revised its space rental costs downward by $601,000.
    This appropriation supports the Executive Office of 
Immigration Review (EOIR), which includes the Board of 
Immigration Appeals, Immigration Judges, and Administrative Law 
Judges who decide through administrative hearings on the 
admission or exclusion of aliens seeking to enter the country, 
and the transportation and adjustment of status of aliens whose 
status has been challenged; and the Office of the Pardon 
Attorney, which receives, investigates and considers petitions 
for all forms of Executive clemency.
    The Committee encourages EOIR to share relevant case data 
with Federal Bureau of Investigation's Directorate of 
Intelligence, the National Gang Intelligence Center, and the 
Drug Intelligence Fusion Center.
    The Committee understands that EOIR has issued interim 
procedural guidelines to all immigration judges for the 
adjudication of unaccompanied alien children's cases before 
immigration judges. The Committee commends EOIR for this 
initiative. The Committee expects EOIR to continue to improve 
these guidelines as more experience is gained in applying these 
guidelines. In addition, the Committee continues to encourage 
EOIR to train judges and pro bono attorneys in this area.
    The Committee is aware that the Legal Orientation Program 
(LOP), which is funded by the Department of Homeland Security 
(DHS), has helped reduce the time some migrants spend in 
detention and helped make EOIR proceedings more efficient. The 
Committee urges EOIR to explore with DHS the possibility of 
expanding LOP to more detention facilities.

                           DETENTION TRUSTEE

    The Committee recommends $1,222,000,000 for the Federal 
Detention Trustee for fiscal year 2006, which is $163,840,000 
above the amount provided in fiscal year 2005, including 
supplemental appropriations, and the same as the request. The 
recommendation includes increases for inflationary adjustments 
and for the anticipated daily cost of an increase in the number 
of Federal detainees housed in Federal, State, local, and 
private detention facilities.
    The Committee encourages the Justice Department to continue 
to examine the entire Federal detention process from arrest to 
incarceration to find ways to operate within requested and 
appropriated funding levels. The Committee applauds the efforts 
of the Detention Trustee to develop a pilot project in the 
District of Arizona to identify systemic improvements to reduce 
the time from sentencing to commitment and hopes this program 
will be extended to all 94 judicial districts.
    Language is deleted, as requested, regarding a reporting 
requirement on the health and safety of Federal prisoners in 
non-Federal institutions.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $66,801,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which is $3,841,000 above the current 
year and $630,000 below the request. The Committee understands 
that the OIG's latest space rental cost estimates have 
decreased by $630,000 since the budget request was submitted. 
The Office of Inspector General conducts and supervises audits 
and investigations relating to the programs and operations of 
the Department of Justice. The Inspector General keeps the 
Attorney General and the Congress informed about problems and 
deficiencies relating to the administration of such programs 
and activities.

                    United States Parole Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $11,200,000 for the United States 
Parole Commission, which is $704,000 above the current year and 
$100,000 below the request.
    This Commission is an independent body within the 
Department of Justice that makes decisions regarding requests 
for parole and supervision of Federal and District of Columbia 
Code prisoners. The recommendation provides funding for five 
additional staff for the growing workload associated with the 
D.C. Code supervised release program.

                            Legal Activities


            SALARIES AND EXPENSES, GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $665,821,000 for 
General Legal Activities, which is $40,099,000 above the 
current year and $13,840,000 below the request.
    This appropriation supports the Attorney General through 
the establishment of litigation policy, conduct of litigation, 
and various other legal responsibilities. The distribution of 
funding provided is as follows:

                        GENERAL LEGAL ACTIVITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              2006
                                                         recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Solicitor General.....................................            $8,399
Tax Division..........................................            81,548
Criminal Division.....................................           146,221
Civil Division........................................           198,236
Environment and Natural Resources.....................            93,563
Office of Legal Counsel...............................             5,973
Civil Rights Division.................................           110,437
Interpol-USNCB........................................            20,852
Office of Dispute Resolution..........................               592
                                                       -----------------
    Total.............................................           665,821
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Criminal Division.--The recommendation fully funds the 
request for the Criminal Division including proposed increases 
for counterterrorsim, counterintelligence, and child 
exploitation.
    In addition, the recommendation includes an increase of 
$1,000,000 and 8 positions (7 attorneys) for gang 
investigations and prosecutions. These additional resources 
shall be applied to enhance the Department's coordination of 
gang investigations across judicial districts and with 
international law enforcement partners, and to assist U.S. 
Attorneys offices that need additional resources and expertise 
to effectively prosecute complex gang cases.
    Civil Rights Division.--The recommendation provides 
$110,437,000 for the Civil Rights Division, which is $2,754,000 
above the current year and equal to the request. The 
recommendation fully funds the Civil Rights Division's efforts 
to combat human trafficking and the Committee expects the 
Department to continue submitting yearly updates regarding 
efforts to address human trafficking.
    Civil Division.--The recommendation provides $198,236,000 
for the Civil Division which is $12,003,000 above the current 
year and $7,049,000 below the request. The recommendation 
includes an increase of $5,795,000 and 58 positions (43 
attorneys) for the Office of Immigration Litigation (OIL). As a 
result of the increased immigration efforts of the Department 
of Homeland Security, the number of immigration cases appealed 
to Federal court has more than tripled since 2001.
    The Committee recommends bill language carried in previous 
Appropriations Acts allowing the Attorney General to provide 
additional resources to the Civil Division, if emergent 
circumstances warrant, through transfers of funds from other 
Department of Justice sources, subject to the requirements of 
section 605 of this Act. The Committee expects the Justice 
Department to submit a reprogramming for costs associated with 
continuing tobacco and other litigation activities, should 
funding be warranted.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous fiscal years, which: (1) allows up to 
$20,000 for expenses of collecting evidence; (2) makes up to 
$10,000,000 for litigation support contracts available until 
expended; (3) makes up to $1,000 available to the INTERPOL-
USNCB for reception and representation expenses; and (4) allows 
the Attorney General to transfer funds to address emergent 
circumstances in the Civil Division.

               THE NATIONAL CHILDHOOD VACCINE INJURY ACT

    The Committee recommends $6,333,000 for the Vaccine Injury 
Compensation Trust Fund to cover the Department of Justice's 
expenses associated with litigating cases under the National 
Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. This amount is $84,000 
above the enacted level and the same as the request.

               SALARIES AND EXPENSES, ANTITRUST DIVISION

    The Committee recommendation includes $144,451,000 in 
budget authority for the Antitrust Division, $6,192,000 above 
the current year and the same as the request. This 
appropriation is offset by $116,000,000 in pre-merger filing 
fee collections, resulting in a direct appropriation of 
$28,451,000.
    The Division acts on antitrust cases before the Supreme 
Court, represents the interests of the United States in cases 
brought under Federal antitrust laws, reviews decisions of 
regulatory commissions, and prepares and files amicus briefs. 
Appropriations for both the Division and the Federal Trade 
Commission are offset by Hart-Scott-Rodino Act pre-merger 
filing fee collections.
    The recommendation includes bill language for the Division, 
carried in previous years, that allows fees to be credited to 
this account and reduces appropriated funds as fees are 
collected.

             SALARIES AND EXPENSES, UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

    The recommendation provides $1,626,146,000, for U.S. 
Attorneys, which is $99,297,000 above the enacted level and the 
same as the request. This appropriation supports the Executive 
Office of U.S. Attorneys and the 94 U.S. Attorney Offices, 
which serve as the principal litigators for the U.S. Government 
for criminal, civil, and debt collection matters.
    The recommendation includes the following program 
increases: $2,289,000 for 28 additional positions for 
counterterrorism investigations and prosecutions; $3,748,000 
for 46 additional positions to increase criminal prosecutions 
along the border; $900,000 and 11 positions for the computer 
crime, high tech and intellectual property program; and 
$3,000,000 and 32 additional positions for additional gang 
prosecutions.
    Gangs.--The recommendation annualizes the cost of the 32 
additional positions provided in fiscal year 2005 to increase 
gang prosecutions. The Committee appreciates and supports the 
Attorney General's efforts to strengthen Department-wide 
efforts to combat gang violence and the appointment of an 
Assistant U.S. Attorney in each judicial district as an anti-
gang coordinator to prepare a comprehensive, district-wide 
strategy--in consultation with partners from Federal and local 
law enforcement, social services, and community and faith-based 
groups--to coordinate anti-gang activity across the board. The 
recommendation includes a $3,000,000 increase for additional 
gang prosecutions and to support district-wide anti-gang 
strategies.
    Computer Crime, High Tech and Intellectual Property 
(CHIP).--The recommendation includes an increase of $900,000 
and 11 positions for the CHIP units. The Committee recognizes 
that over the last several years, there has been an explosive 
growth in high technology and intellectual property crimes. In 
order to protect the United States in a global economy, the 
Department must be able to detect, investigate, and prosecute 
violations involving computers, intellectual property, fraud 
and high technology. The additional resources provided for CHIP 
units are to increase prosecutions in intellectual property 
theft, Internet fraud, and identity theft.

                   UNITED STATES TRUSTEE SYSTEM FUND

    The recommendation provides a total of $214,402,000 for the 
U.S. Trustees Program (USTP) for fiscal year 2006, to be 
entirely funded from offsetting collections. The amount 
recommended is $40,800,000 above the current year and 
$29,000,000 above the request. The budget request was submitted 
prior to the enactment of The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and 
Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-8) on April 20, 
2005. The additional funding recommended above the request is 
necessary for the USTP to perform new responsibilities 
associated with the implementation of this Act. These new 
duties include: (1) Means Testing--Requires the USTP to review 
all chapter 7 petitions to identify ``presumed abusive'' 
debtors whose income exceeds the threshold specified for 
chapter 7 relief and to seek appropriate remedies; (2) Debtor 
Audits--USTP must perform random audits and targeted audits of 
chapter 7 and 13 debtors and take enforcement actions based 
upon the audit findings; (3) Credit Counseling--USTP must 
oversee a new requirement that debtors receive credit 
counseling from an approved agency prior to filing for 
bankruptcy and must file a completion certificate with the 
Court; (4) Small Business Chapter 11 Cases--USTP must conduct 
on-site reviews and analyze the reorganization progress of 
small business debtors; and (5) Studies and Reports--USTP is 
required to conduct studies and produce reports covering many 
of the areas addressed by Public Law 109-8, including the 
standards for Means Testing. The Committee understands these 
new duties will require more than 300 additional staff and 
associated space, equipment, travel and contract audit costs. 
The USTP shall submit a financial plan to the Committee, 
allocating all resources under this account, within 30 days of 
enactment of this Act.
    The U.S. Trustee System provides administrative support to 
expeditiously move bankruptcy cases through the bankruptcy 
process and ensure accountability of private trustees appointed 
to administer bankruptcy estates.
    The recommendation also includes bill language which: (1) 
allows deposits to the U.S. Trustee System Fund to be used to 
pay refunds due depositors; (2) allows $214,402,000 in 
offsetting collections to be retained and used for necessary 
expenses in this appropriation; and (3) reduces appropriated 
funds as such offsetting collections are collected.

      SALARIES AND EXPENSES, FOREIGN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

    The Committee recommends $1,220,000 for the Foreign Claims 
Settlement Commission, which is $17,000 above the enacted level 
and $50,000 below the request.
    The Commission settles claims of American citizens arising 
out of nationalization, expropriation, or other takings of 
their properties and interests by foreign governments.

                     United States Marshals Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $800,255,000 for the United States 
Marshals Service (USMS) for fiscal year 2006. This level is 
$40,722,000 above the current year, including supplemental 
funds, and $10,000,000 above the request. Funding recommended 
above the budget request is for the Witness Security Program, 
and the protection of the judicial process, within and outside 
of Federal courthouses. The recommendation consolidates the 
separate appropriation for construction into this account, as 
proposed in the budget request.
    In addition to inflationary and other required base 
adjustments, the recommendation includes the following program 
changes: (1) $10,945,000 for 100 additional deputy marshals and 
14 additional support staff for security associated with high-
risk cases and the growing number of prisoners awaiting trial 
or sentencing; (2) $4,602,000 and 12 positions for information 
technology improvements; (3) $1,292,000 and 14 positions for 
prisoner support programs; (4) $1,525,000 and 15 positions for 
the Witness Security Program; (5) $102,000 for an intelligence 
analyst to be assigned to the National Gang Intelligence Center 
to coordinate USMS anti-gang fugitive activities with other 
Federal law enforcement agencies; (6) $3,750,000 and 25 
positions for additional senior full-time threat investigators; 
(7) $1,500,000 and 5 positions for the Office of Protective 
Intelligence; and (8) $1,745,000 in savings associated with 
administrative savings and travel.
    Judicial Security.--Recent events have highlighted the need 
for additional USMS resources to protect the judicial process. 
In order to immediately address this issue, the USMS received 
$11,935,000 in supplemental fiscal year 2005 funding which can 
be used to buy home intrusion detection systems. The fiscal 
year 2006 recommendation builds on this effort by providing 100 
additional deputy marshals, 35 above the level requested, to 
provide security associated with high-threat trials and to 
increase staffing levels as the number of prisoners in the 
custody of the USMS increases. In addition, the recommendation 
provides funding above the request for 25 additional senior 
full-time threat investigators to coordinate protective details 
at the district level for judges and Assistant United States 
Attorneys (AUSAs). These additional staff shall be allocated to 
support the maximum number of judges and AUSAs based on current 
threats. Finally, the recommendation provides five additional 
positions for the Office of Protective Intelligence, whose 
mission is to analyze and disseminate protective intelligence 
relating to the safety and security of members of the 
judiciary. The Committee directs this office to coordinate with 
other Department intelligence organizations, such as the Drug 
Intelligence Fusion Center, the National Gang Intelligence 
Center, and Joint Terrorism Task Forces.
    Fugitive Apprehension.--The Committee commends the USMS for 
the success of Operation FALCON, in which the USMS, working 
closely with its Federal, State and local partners, completed 
the largest fugitive apprehension operation in American history 
arresting 10,340 fugitives and clearing more than 13,800 felony 
warrants.
    Coordination.--The Committee expects the Department to 
ensure that USMS Fugitive Task Force investigations, the FBI's 
Safe Streets Task Forces investigations, the DEA's Mobile 
Enforcement Team investigations, and ATF's VCIT investigations 
are well coordinated.

                     FEES AND EXPENSES OF WITNESSES

    The recommendation provides such sums as are necessary for 
Fees and Expenses of Witnesses account. This appropriation, 
which is considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes, 
provides for fees and expenses of witnesses who appear on 
behalf of the Government in cases in which the United States is 
a party, including fact and expert witnesses, mental competency 
examinations, and witness/informant protection. Funds are also 
used to pay certain legal expenses of Federal employees. The 
Congressional Budget Office estimates this account will require 
$168,000,000 in new budget authority in fiscal year 2006.
    The Committee recommends bill language, which allows: (1) 
up to $1,000,000 for the purchase and maintenance of armored 
vehicles for prisoner transportation; (2) up to $7,000,000 for 
installation, operation, and upgrade of a secure automated 
network and secure telecommunications equipment; (3) up to 
$8,000,000 for protected witness safesites.

           SALARIES AND EXPENSES, COMMUNITY RELATIONS SERVICE

    The Committee recommends $9,659,000 for the Community 
Relations Service, which is $124,000 above the enacted level 
and $100,000 below the request. The Community Relations Service 
was established by Title X of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to 
provide assistance to communities in resolving disagreements 
arising from discriminatory practices.
    The Committee recommends bill language allowing the 
Attorney General to provide additional resources for the 
Community Relations Service, if emergent circumstances exist, 
through the transfer of funds from other Department of Justice 
programs, subject to the requirements of section 605 of this 
Act.

                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

    The Committee recommends $21,468,000 for the Assets 
Forfeiture Fund, which is $1,000 below the enacted level and 
the same as the request.
    This account provides funds for additional investigative 
expenses of the FBI, DEA, ATF, and USMS, such as purchase of 
evidence, equipping of conveyances, and investigative expenses 
leading to seizure. Funds for these activities are provided 
from receipts in the Assets Forfeiture Fund resulting from the 
forfeiture of assets. Expenses related to the management and 
disposal of assets are also provided from receipts in the 
Assets Forfeiture Fund by a permanent indefinite appropriation.

                      Interagency Law Enforcement


                 INTERAGENCY CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT

    The recommendation provides $506,940,000 for the Organized 
Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces (OCDETF) account. This 
program was created in 1982 to ensure a coordinated, multi-
agency approach to attacking and dismantling high-level drug 
enterprises. Through its nine regional task forces, this 
program utilizes the combined resources and expertise of its 
Federal agency members, in cooperation with State and local 
investigators and prosecutors, to target and destroy major 
narcotics trafficking and money laundering organizations.
    The recommendation provides the following amounts for 
participating Department of Justice agencies:

                         REIMBURSEMENT BY AGENCY
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Drug Enforcement Administration............................     $196,410
Federal Bureau of Investigation............................      136,678
United States Marshals Service.............................        9,094
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives........       11,318
United States Attorneys....................................      134,012
Criminal Division..........................................        2,702
Tax Division...............................................          984
Administrative Office......................................       15,742
                                                            ------------
    Total..................................................      506,940
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The recommendation fully funds the request for DEA, ATF, 
USMS, the Criminal Division, the Tax Division and the United 
States Attorneys (USAs). The recommendation does not provide 
reimbursement for Department of the Treasury (DoT) and 
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) participation in OCDETF 
cases. While DoT and DHS participation in these task forces was 
previously funded under this heading, for fiscal year 2006 
funding for these agencies is requested in the budget requests 
for DoT and DHS. The recommendation does not transfer the High 
Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas program from the Office of 
National Drug Control Policy to this account, as proposed in 
the budget request.
    In addition to inflationary and other base adjustments, the 
recommendation provides the following program changes, as 
requested: a $5,928,000 increase for 71 additional USAs 
positions to provide additional prosecutorial resources, 
including 41 attorneys; a $2,072,000 increase for 9 additional 
USMS positions to enhance fugitive apprehension capabilities; 
and a $5,060,000 and 46 position offset for FBI Regional Drug 
Intelligence Squad personnel.
    The recommendation does not adopt the Administration's 
proposal to transfer $50,000,000 and 365 FBI agents from the 
FBI's Salaries and Expenses budget to this account. The 
Committee believes this proposal unnecessarily limits the FBI's 
ability to allocate resources to the highest priority threats 
such as terrorism, counterintelligence, cyber crime and gang 
enforcement.
    The recommendation provides a $9,500,000 increase for the 
operations of the Drug Intelligence Fusion Center. In addition, 
the Committee expects the Department to allocate at least 
$5,000,000 in prior year unobligated balances to fully fund its 
fiscal year 2006 operations. The Committee directs the 
Department to submit a report to the Committee within 180 days 
of enactment of this Act describing how the Drug Intelligence 
Fusion Center shares intelligence with other law enforcement 
and intelligence entities such as the National Counterterrorism 
Center and the National Gang Intelligence Center.

                    Federal Bureau of Investigation


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $5,741,132,000 for the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Salaries and Expenses account, 
which is $50,000,000 above the request and $531,635,000 above 
the current year, including supplemental funds. The Committee 
does not adopt the Administration's proposal to transfer 
$50,000,000 from this account to the Organized Crime and Drug 
Enforcement Task Forces account. The Committee believes this 
proposal unnecessarily limits the FBI's ability to allocate 
resources to the highest priority and emerging threats such as 
terrorism, counterintelligence, cyber crime and gang 
enforcement. Taking into account this adjustment, the 
recommendation is equal to the request.
    FBI Transformation.--The Committee commends the efforts of 
the Director and the men and women of the FBI to transform the 
agency from one whose primary mission was investigating crimes 
to one whose top priority is preventing terrorism. The 
Committee appreciates the assistance that the Government 
Accountability Office (GAO), the National Academy of Public 
Administration (NAPA), the Justice Department Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), the Congressional Research Service 
(CRS), and the Committee's Surveys and Investigations staff 
have provided to reviewing FBI operations and making 
recommendations for improvement. The Committee also appreciates 
the FBI's willingness to work with these organizations and 
expects the FBI to continue to work with these organizations 
and others to evaluate its operations during fiscal year 2006. 
The FBI is directed to continue to provide the Committee with 
quarterly updates on transformation activities in fiscal year 
2006.
    The fiscal year 2005 Appropriations Act and the 
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Act of 2004, created the 
Directorate of Intelligence within the FBI to have clear and 
broad authority over all FBI intelligence-related functions. As 
the next step in the FBI's transformation, the Committee 
directs the Attorney General to implement the recommendation of 
the Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United 
States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD Commission) 
to improve integration of the FBI's counterterrorism and 
counterintelligence operational divisions with the Directorate 
of Intelligence. As discussed in the WMD Commission report and 
in testimony before the Committee by CRS, the FBI needs to 
improve the mechanism by which intelligence analysis drives the 
activities of the intelligence collectors. Therefore, the 
Committee directs the Attorney General to create within the FBI 
an Associate Deputy Director for National Security to oversee 
and coordinate the activities of the Executive Assistant 
Director for Counterterrorism and Counterintelligence and the 
national security activities of the Directorate of 
Intelligence. The Committee directs the Attorney General to 
submit a report, not later than 60 days after enactment of this 
Act, on its actions to implement the recommendations of the WMD 
Commission.
    The table below displays the Committee's funding 
recommendation by decision unit. This decision unit structure 
continues the new structure recommended by the 9/11 Commission, 
authorized by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention 
Act of 2004, and adopted in the fiscal year 2005 Appropriations 
Act. The Committee reminds the FBI that changes in this 
distribution are subject to the reprogramming requirements in 
section 605 of this Act.

                        FBI SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                         [Dollars in thousands]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Decision Unit                POS          FTE         Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Intelligence.....................        5,652        4,957   $1,075,724
Counterterrorism and                    11,482       11,082    2,262,632
 Counterintelligence.............
Criminal.........................       12,417       12,360    2,101,980
Criminal Justice Services........        2,117        2,126      300,796
                                  --------------------------------------
    Total........................       31,668       30,525    5,741,132
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The recommendation provides the level of funds requested by 
the Administration for the FBI. However, within this amount, 
the recommendation makes changes, based on independent 
evaluations by groups such as NAPA, GAO, and CRS to more 
effectively address the immediate resource needs of the FBI and 
to improve the FBI's intelligence capabilities.
    The recommendation includes an increase of $163,211,000 for 
adjustments to base to support the current operating level. In 
addition, the recommendation includes the following program 
changes: (1) a $26,317,000 increase, as requested, for 
intelligence program development, training and employee 
recruitment; (2) a $45,687,000 increase for 428 additional 
intelligence analyst and intelligence support positions, which 
is $21,733,000 below the level requested; (3) a $26,299,000 
increase and 274 additional positions, as requested, for the 
foreign language program; (4) a $39,442,000 increase, which is 
$11,763,000 above the request, for enhanced information 
technology networking including additional Top Secret/Sensitive 
Compartmented Information Operational Network connectivity and 
additional access to SBUNet; (5) a $74,500,000 increase and 
additional 61 positions for the Terrorist Screening Center, 
which is $500,000 below the request; (6) a $8,000,000 increase 
for the Law Enforcement On-Line program, as requested; (7) a 
$6,023,000 increase and 7 additional positions for the 
Terrorist Explosive Device Analytical Center, as requested; (8) 
a $85,351,000 increase and 514 additional national security 
investigations personnel, which is $36,263,000 below the 
request; (9) a $17,000,000 increase and 10 additional positions 
to improve information technology program management, which is 
$10,000,000 above the request; (10) a $13,260,000 increase and 
42 additional positions for legal attache expansion and 
information technology infrastructure, which is $1,841,000 
above the request; (11) a $9,858,000 increase and 80 additional 
positions to increase the FBI's surveillance capabilities, as 
requested; (12) a $39,700,000 increase for counterterrorism 
operations, as requested; (13) a $23,859,000 increase and 123 
additional positions for crisis response capabilities, as 
requested; (14) a $15,000,000 increase for renovations to the 
FBI Academy, as requested; (15) a $2,690,000 increase and 22 
additional positions for the Innocent Images National 
Initiative, as requested; (16) a $1,604,000 increase and 10 
positions for child exploitation and obscenity investigations, 
as requested; (17) a $16,796,000 general reduction, as 
requested; (18) a $5,404,000 and 42 position reduction in lower 
priority criminal programs, as requested; (19) a $4,674,000 
reduction for electronic government efficiencies, as requested; 
(20) a $5,000,000 increase, above the request, for pay and 
benefit enhancements to continue the implementation of the new 
pay authorities provided in fiscal year 2005; (21) a 
$10,000,000 increase, above the request, for training; (22) a 
$5,000,000 increase, above the request, to accelerate the 
expansion of secure facilities in FBI field offices; (23) a 
$9,700,000 increase, above the request, for gang enforcement; 
and (24) a $5,000,000 increase, above the request, for 100 
additional administrative personnel.
    Infrastructure.--The Committee is concerned that while the 
FBI has been provided a significant number of additional 
staffing resources since September 11, 2001, investment in the 
FBI's infrastructure has not increased correspondingly. The 
Committee notes that recent reports by NAPA and the OIG have 
identified shortfalls in the FBI's capability to fill all of 
their analyst and support positions, to implement effective 
analytical training programs, and effectively use information 
technology. Therefore, the recommendation reduces the amount of 
funding requested for additional staff from 2,044 positions to 
1,629 positions in order to provide additional funding to 
address these infrastructure deficiencies. The recommendation 
provides increases above the request for information technology 
program management ($10,000,000), training ($10,000,000), 
information technology network connectivity ($11,763,000), 
administrative staff ($5,000,000), expanded secure space 
($5,000,000), and recruitment and retention ($5,000,000).
    Information Technology.--The Committee is disappointed that 
the implementation of the Virtual Case Files (VCF) program has 
been unsuccessful. In order to determine the causes of this 
failure and prevent them from reoccurring, the Committee's 
Surveys and Investigations (S&I;) staff was tasked with studying 
this program. The Committee appreciates the work of the S&I; 
staff and the FBI's willingness to work with the Committee. 
According to the S&I; report, the FBI has strengthened its 
Office of Chief Information Officer (OCIO) and has developed 
program management initiatives which should enable it to better 
manage and oversee its future information technology efforts. 
The Committee understands that the FBI is undertaking an effort 
to develop a new case management system primarily using 
commercial-off-the-shelf software. The fiscal year 2006 
recommendation does not provide any new appropriations for this 
project and the Committee directs that a reprogramming be 
submitted before the FBI enters into a contract for the 
development of a new case management system. The Committee 
expects the FBI to submit a reprogramming to fund this new 
development system no later than August 1, 2005.
    While the Committee is pleased that the FBI has improved 
its information technology management practices as outlined by 
the S&I; report, sound business practices are not a guarantee 
that future technology investments will be successful. The 
Committee directs the OIG to provide the Committee with regular 
updates during fiscal year 2006 on the financial and 
programmatic status of a replacement case management system.
    The recommendation includes an increase of $17,000,000 and 
10 positions, which is $10,000,000 above the request, for the 
OCIO to improve information technology program management. 
These additional resources are provided to allow the FBI to 
hire additional information technology project and enterprise 
management support including contractors and FBI professional 
staff. These resources will also allow the FBI to improve its 
ability to perform research and development, prototyping, 
testing and systems engineering for new projects. In addition 
to hiring outside contractors, the Committee expects the FBI to 
utilize the enhanced pay authorities provided in fiscal year 
2005 to attract and retain professional information technology 
staff.
    Training.--While the Committee understands the FBI has made 
improvements to its counterterrorism and intelligence training 
programs for agents and analysts, the Committee believes more 
needs to be done. The Committee notes that FBI has replaced its 
basic intelligence analyst course and that the OIG has found it 
to be ``generally well-balanced for an introductory 
intelligence analyst class''. The Committee expects the FBI to 
implement, as appropriate, the improvements to intelligence 
training recommended by the OIG. The Committee also notes that 
both OIG and NAPA have recognized the need to develop 
experienced FBI employees to teach analytical classes at the 
College of Analytical Studies instead of depending mostly on 
contractors and personnel from other agencies.
    In addition, the Committee is concerned about the FBI's 
training capacity and the ability of the FBI to ensure that 
newly hired intelligence analysts are adequately trained before 
being assigned to the field. The Committee expects the FBI to 
better coordinate the timing of hiring and the availability of 
training. As the Committee has directed in previous years, 
analysts should have joint training with agents and personnel 
from other Intelligence Community agencies. The Committee 
expects the FBI to continue to expand the University Education 
Program, the Sabbatical Program, the Fellows Program and the 
use of the Foreign Service Institute.
    The Committee appreciates that the FBI has been working 
with NAPA to study its training programs and the Committee 
encourages the FBI to continue to work with NAPA to improve 
training programs for first-line supervisors, mid-level 
managers and executives.
    The recommendation includes the requested increases of 
$5,197,000 for intelligence training and $2,500,000 for 
national security training. In addition, the recommendation 
provides the requested $15,000,000 increase to perform 
necessary renovations to the FBI academy. Finally, the 
recommendation includes $10,000,000, above the request, to 
accelerate enhancements to the FBI's training programs as 
outlined above.
    Information Network Connectivity.--The Committee is 
concerned that all necessary staff do not have access to top-
secret networks and that this deficiency limits analysts' and 
agents' ability to effectively communicate and share classified 
information throughout the Intelligence Community. The 
Committee notes that the WMD Commission report highlights the 
FBI's failure to develop efficient mechanisms for information 
sharing both inside and outside the FBI, and notes that this 
failure seriously undermines the FBI's ability to perform its 
intelligence work. The Committee is also concerned that only 
one-third of FBI employees have access to the Internet through 
the FBI's sensitive but unclassified network (SBUNet). The 
Committee believes that expansion of the SBUNet is necessary to 
improve the effectiveness of agents and analysts by providing 
them greater access to open source information. In addition, 
the Committee believes human resources and administrative 
processes can be improved with greater Internet access 
availability throughout the FBI.
    The recommendation provides the requested increases of 
$7,679,000 for SBUNet and $20,000,000 for the Top Secret/
Sensitive Compartmented Information Operational Network. In 
addition, the recommendation provides an increase of 
$11,763,000, above the request, for further expansion of SBUNet 
and TS/SCION. Finally, the recommendation includes an increase 
of $5,000,000, above the request, for additional secure 
facilities. The Committee notes that the lack of secure space 
was a deficiency specifically noted by the 9/11 Commission and 
the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. 
The recommended $5,000,000 increase for secure facilities is in 
addition to the $20,500,000 increase provided for secure space 
in fiscal year 2005.
    Support and Administrative Staff.--The Committee is 
concerned that a significant number of support and 
administrative positions remain vacant. The Committee 
understands that the FBI's hiring focus in recent years has 
been on agents and analysts. However, the Committee notes that 
many reviews conducted by groups such as the 9/11 Commission, 
the WMD Commission, CRS, NAPA, and the OIG, have all noted that 
analysts are performing many administrative duties or that 
additional administrative staff are needed to support agents 
and analysts in the field. The Committee directs the FBI to 
focus its hiring efforts on filling vacant support and 
administrative positions in order to improve agent and analyst 
performance and job satisfaction. The Committee also believes 
that the FBI should re-evaluate their staffing model for the 
number of administrative staff required to support new agents 
and analysts.
    The budget proposes reducing the FBI's direct budget by 
$67,000,000 and 608 positions (365 agents) for the FBI's 
criminal program and increasing the FBI's reimbursement through 
the OCDETF program by $50,000,000 and 432 positions (365 
agents). This proposal would result in a reduction of 176 
analysts and support positions. The Committee rejects this 
proposal. If the analysts and administrative staff proposed to 
be eliminated are not required in the criminal program, the 
Committee will consider a reprogramming of these positions to 
counterterrorism and counterintelligence. In addition, the 
recommendation provides $5,000,000, above the request, for 100 
additional administrative and support positions.
    Recruitment and Retention.--In fiscal year 2005, the 
Committee provided the FBI with several new personnel 
authorities including authority to pay retention and relocation 
bonuses, pay critical intelligence staff up to an Executive 
Schedule I salary, establish an FBI Reserve Service, and an 
increase in the Director's authority to extend the retirement 
age of critical staff. The bill also provided a $30,000,000 
increase to fund these new authorities.
    In addition, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 gave the FBI the authority to establish 
a separate pay system for analysts. The Committee directs the 
FBI to work with NAPA to ensure that these new personnel 
authorities are used effectively. In implementing a new pay 
system for analysts, the Committee directs the FBI to consider 
implementing a system that is identical to other Intelligence 
Community agencies.
    The recommendation includes the requested program increase 
of $9,200,000 for intelligence analyst relocation, bonuses, and 
college loan repayments, and the requested increase of 
$4,192,000 for special agent transfers. In addition, the 
recommendation includes $5,000,000 above the request to provide 
additional retention and recruitment opportunities.
    Human Resources.--The Committee recognizes that the FBI's 
human resources capabilities have improved in recent years as 
the FBI continues its transformation. Some of these 
improvements include streamlining the hiring process by 
reducing the number of steps involved, and using off-the-shelf 
web-based applications to support the hiring process. However, 
the Committee believes there is more that can be done to 
improve the FBI's human resources management. While the 
Committee understands that FBI has established an intelligence 
officer certification program, the Committee also understands 
that performance indicators are not in place to rate FBI agents 
and managers on intelligence and security criteria. If the FBI 
hopes to fully transform into an intelligence-driven 
organization, employees must be rated on their ability to 
collect and analyze intelligence. The 9/11 Commission report 
recognized this requirement by stating that FBI agents and 
analysts need to be rewarded for acquiring informants and for 
gathering and disseminating information differently and more 
broadly than in a traditional criminal investigation.
    The Committee also understands that the FBI does not have a 
comprehensive leadership development strategy for senior 
managers and does not have a succession planning system. Given 
the high level of turnover the FBI has experienced in recent 
years in senior positions, the lack of a leadership development 
and succession plans presents a risk to the FBI's future 
success. The Committee encourages the FBI to work with NAPA on 
the development of a comprehensive leadership development 
strategy.
    The Committee understands that the FBI is considering 
removing the human resources function from the Administrative 
Services Division and creating an Office of Human Resources in 
order to have one office specifically focused on improving the 
FBI's human resources processes. The Committee expects the FBI 
to submit a reorganization proposal not later than 90 days 
after enactment of this Act. This new office should be tasked 
with, at a minimum: (1) ensuring that employee rating systems 
match the FBI's priorities including intelligence and security; 
(2) ensuring the new pay authorities and funding provided to 
attract and retain staff are effectively utilized; (3) 
developing leadership and succession planning programs; and (4) 
considering ways to give FBI field offices more flexibility in 
hiring administrative staff. In addition, this reorganization 
proposal shall outline how the FBI intends to ensure that 
hiring decisions and training availability are coordinated.
    Legal Attache Expansion and Information Technology 
Infrastructure.--The recommendation includes an increase of 
$9,925,000 and 39 positions for requested expansions including 
a new office in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, and office expansions in 
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; Canberra, Australia; London, 
United Kingdom; Nairobi, Kenya; New Delhi, India; Ottawa, 
Canada; Port of Spain, Trinidad; and Rabat, Morocco. This 
includes increases of $986,000 and 14 positions for 
headquarters support, $5,696,000 for 25 field positions, and 
$3,243,000 for non-personnel infrastructure requirements.
    In addition, the recommendation also provides an increase 
of $3,335,000 and 3 positions to establish a legal attache 
office in San Salvador, El Salvador.
    Next Generation Integrated Automated Fingerprint 
Identification System (IAFIS).--The Committee supports the 
FBI's efforts to improve the speed and accuracy of IAFIS, 
expand the data available in the system, and improve its latent 
print capabilities. The recommendation provides $67,808,000 for 
the Next Generation IAFIS project in fiscal year 2006 from 
Working Capital Fund balances already approved for this 
project, and from excess user fee collections for various 
Criminal Justice Information Services programs.
    Information sharing.--The Committee is appreciative of the 
FBI's efforts to improve its intelligence capabilities and to 
establish the Directorate of Intelligence. However, according 
to the February 2005 study conducted by NAPA, ``progress on 
information sharing relies heavily on personnel exchanges among 
organizations . . . while information sharing processes remain 
unclear.'' While the Committee believes the FBI has made 
significant improvements in the sharing of intelligence within 
the Intelligence Community and with State and local law 
enforcement, the Committee expects the Directorate of 
Intelligence to establish clear information sharing processes 
that are effectively communicated to the field. The Committee 
also expects the FBI to work cooperatively with the Director of 
National Intelligence to ensure that domestic counterterrorism 
and counterintelligence efforts are well coordinated with the 
rest of the Intelligence Community.
    Records Management Center.--In fiscal year 2005, the 
Committee provided the FBI with $9,000,000 to establish an 
interim records management center in Frederick County, VA. The 
Committee understands that consolidation of records and 
collocation of records management personnel is achieving 
business process efficiencies and personnel savings. It is 
making more space available in the FBI headquarters building, 
allowing the FBI to reduce leased space in the Washington, D.C. 
metropolitan area, and making available needed space in the 
field as the number of FBI staff continues to increase. The 
Committee understands that the FBI hired an outside consultant 
to study potential locations for a records management center 
using the following criteria: (1) at least 60 miles outside of 
Washington, D.C. for continuity of operations; (2) away from 
obvious terrorist targets; (3) within 250 miles of Washington, 
D.C.; (4) having access to transportation, utilities, and 
communications networks, and (5) availability of an educated 
workforce. The Committee understands the FBI chose Frederick 
County, VA, as the most ideal location to establish this 
center. The Committee further understands that the FBI is 
leasing interim facilities in Frederick County, VA, while the 
design and construction of a permanent facility is ongoing. The 
recommendation provides necessary funding to continue the 
lease, equipment, security, relocation, and other appropriate 
costs associated with the interim records management 
facilities.
    Correctional Intelligence Initiative.--The Committee 
understands that prisons continue to be a fertile ground for 
the indoctrination of prisoners to extremist ideologies, who 
then could pose a threat to the public after their release. In 
order to address this problem, the National Joint Terrorism 
Task Force has implemented a Correctional Intelligence 
Initiative, which is a nationwide project requiring that each 
of the 100 Joint Terrorism Task Forces establish meaningful 
intelligence relationships with all Federal, State and local 
prisons and jails within their geographic area of 
responsibilities to share intelligence, and to provide training 
on methods to detect and prevent prison radicalism. The 
Committee directs the FBI to ensure that every State and 
territory continues to receive training on methods to detect 
and prevent such activities, and on intelligence sharing.
    Gangs.--According to the FBI, ``gangs are more violent, 
more organized, and more widespread than ever before. They pose 
one of the greatest threats to the safety and security of all 
Americans. The Department of Justice estimates there are 
approximately 30,000 gangs, with 800,000 members, impacting 
2,500 communities across the U.S.'' In order to address this 
growing public safety problem, the FBI has implemented a 
National Gang Strategy which identifies the gangs posing the 
greatest danger to American communities and targets them with 
the coordinated Federal, State and local law enforcement 
resources and the same Federal racketeering statutes, 
intelligence, and investigative techniques used to defeat 
organized crime. The FBI is combating this problem with 108 
Safe Streets Task Forces working on gang investigations with 
other Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies and 
with the establishment of the National Gang Intelligence 
Center. This Center, created by the Committee in fiscal year 
2005, will enable the FBI and its Federal, State and local 
partners to centralize and coordinate the collection of 
intelligence on gangs in the U.S., and then analyze, share, and 
disseminate this intelligence with law enforcement authorities 
throughout the country.
    The Committee recommendation annualizes the increases 
provided to combat gangs in fiscal year 2005. In addition, the 
recommendation includes a program increase of $9,700,000. This 
includes $5,000,000 to establish 20 additional Safe Streets 
Task Forces and $4,700,000 for additional National Gang 
Intelligence Center and task force needs. As discussed earlier, 
the recommendation includes an increase of $3,335,000 to create 
a legal attache office in San Salvador, El Salvador. This 
office is established to enhance cooperation in gang 
investigations with our international law enforcement partners.
    The Committee expects the Department to ensure the 
coordination of investigations conducted by the Safe Streets 
Task Forces, DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams, the USMS Fugitive 
Task Forces, and ATF Violent Crime Impact Teams. In order to 
facilitate coordination between Federal law enforcement 
agencies, the recommendation provides funding increases for the 
DEA, USMS, ATF, and BoP to assign intelligence analysts full 
time to the National Gang Intelligence Center.
    Security Clearances.--The recommendation includes the 
requested program increase of $3,526,000 for additional 
contract adjudicators to ensure the FBI has the most 
trustworthy workforce available and increase its capability to 
recognize applicants who have been directed to seek employment 
with the FBI by hostile organizations or groups. The Committee 
encourages the FBI to use information technology tools, as 
appropriate, to reduce the amount of time required to perform 
background checks and promote reciprocity between government 
agencies.
    Enforcement of Export Law.--The Committee recognizes the 
forensic analysis expertise the FBI's Regional Computer 
Forensic Laboratories can bring to export enforcement cases of 
the Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security 
(BIS). Within the amounts provided, the Committee expects the 
FBI to provide assistance to BIS to ensure all forensic 
expertise is brought to bear on the enforcement of U.S. export 
laws.
    Computer Crime, High Tech and Intellectual Property.--The 
Committee remains concerned about intellectual property crimes 
and directs the FBI to support the U.S. Attorneys' efforts to 
increase prosecutions of these crimes.
    The Committee includes bill language which provides: (1) 
for purchase of new and replacement vehicles; (2) up to $70,000 
for unforeseen emergencies; (3) not to exceed $150,000,000 to 
remain available until expended (4) funding designation for 
counterterrorism investigations, foreign counterintelligence, 
and national security activities; (5) up to $25,000,000 to 
reimburse State and local police for assistance related to 
violent crime, terrorism and drug investigations; (6) up to 
$205,000 for official reception and representation expenses; 
and (7) a specific number of positions and workyears for the 
FBI.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommendation includes $20,105,000 for FBI 
construction, which is $9,999,000 above the current year and 
$10,000,000 above the request. The recommendation includes the 
requested $105,000 for base construction and $10,000,000 for an 
architecture and engineering study for a new Critical Incident 
Response Group Facility (CIRG). The Committee understands 
current CIRG facilities are insufficient to accommodate CIRG 
personnel, gear, equipment and logistical needs and that this 
hampers CIRG's ability to quickly respond to critical events.
    In addition, the recommendation provides $10,000,000 for 
the equipment and associated costs for a permanent records 
management facility in Frederick County, VA. As previously 
discussed, the FBI has established an interim records 
management center in Frederick County, VA while the design and 
construction of a permanent facility is ongoing. The 
recommendation provides for equipment and other necessary costs 
associated with establishing a permanent records management 
facility.

                    Drug Enforcement Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$1,907,846,000 for the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), 
of which $201,673,000 is derived from fees deposited in the 
Diversion Control Fund, resulting in a direct appropriation of 
$1,706,173,000. The recommended appropriation is $67,343,000 
above the enacted level and $12,017,000 above the request.
    The recommendation provides the following increases: (1) 
$51,257,000 for inflationary and other costs to maintain the 
current operating level; (2) $12,705,000 for the costs 
associated with DEA's overseas rightsizing initiative approved 
in fiscal year 2005; (3) $22,018,000 and 31 positions to combat 
heroin production in Afghanistan and throughout Central Asia; 
(4) $3,003,000 and 2 positions to modernize the Narcotics and 
Dangerous Drugs Information System; (5) $9,033,000 and 26 
positions for the Speedway program to enhance DEA intelligence 
capabilities; (6) $2,686,000 to create a virtual private 
network to exploit data from the Internet and support 
undercover operations; and (7) $215,000 and 2 intelligence 
analyst positions to be assigned to the National Gang 
Intelligence Center to coordinate DEA anti-gang activities with 
other Federal law enforcement agencies.
    The recommendation includes the following program offsets: 
(1) $8,726,000 to annualize the fiscal year 2005 transfer of 
the Drug and Chemical Diversion Control Decision Unit to the 
Diversion Control Fee Account. The Committee does not adopt the 
proposed technical adjustment to transfer 12 positions back to 
the Salaries and Expenses account; (2) $13,435,000 to be 
transferred to the Drug Control Fee Account to more accurately 
reflect DEA's actual diversion control activities; (3) 
$1,264,000 reduction for the purchase of vehicles; and (4) 
$2,501,000 reduction for e-training and e-travel.
    Methamphetamine (meth).--According to the National Drug 
Intelligence Center's (NDIC) National Drug Threat Assessment 
2005, ``the threat posed to the United States by the 
trafficking and abuse of methamphetamine is high and 
increasing. Methamphetamine availability, production, and 
distribution are increasing nationally.'' The Assessment also 
states meth presents ``unique challenges to law enforcement and 
public health officials, particularly in rural areas where much 
of the production and abuse occurs. Law enforcement personnel, 
first responders, clandestine laboratory operators, and those 
in proximity to laboratories--particularly children--often are 
injured as a result of chemical burns, fires, and explosions at 
clandestine laboratories. The environmental damage caused by 
improper storage and disposal of chemicals and chemical waste 
attendant to methamphetamine production is severe, and the cost 
of soil and structure remediation at contaminated 
methamphetamine production sites is significant. Child neglect 
and abuse are common within families whose parents or 
caregivers produce or use methamphetamine.''
    The Committee understands that nine of the 42 drug 
trafficking Consolidated Priority Organization Targets (CPOTs) 
are engaged in meth trafficking and that DEA currently has 
several hundred active investigations of these organizations. 
The Committee supports DEA's efforts to dismantle these 
priority targets. However, the Committee is concerned that the 
Administration's proposal to reduce funding for DEA's Mobile 
Enforcement Teams and eliminate the Demand Reduction program 
will severally hamper DEA's assistance to State and local law 
enforcement to address small toxic labs operating throughout 
the country. Therefore, the recommendation does not adopt these 
proposed reductions and directs the DEA to focus these programs 
on combating meth.
    In addition, the recommendation provides $20,000,000 under 
the Office of Justice Programs for DEA to assist State and 
local law enforcement with proper removal and disposal of 
hazardous materials at clandestine meth labs and to initiate a 
container program, including funding for training, technical 
assistance and purchase of equipment to adequately remove and 
store hazardous material. Within the level of funding provided, 
DEA shall dedicate three positions to manage and oversee this 
program.
    Afghanistan/Central Asia.--The cultivation of opium poppies 
has flourished in Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban 
regime in 2001. The Committee finds this to be an unacceptable 
trend and fully funds DEA's requested program increases to 
combat heroin production in Afghanistan and throughout Central 
Asia. The recommendation includes an increase of $8,221,000 and 
17 positions to provide permanent base resources for Operation 
Containment, which includes staff and operations in 
Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. 
In addition, Operation Containment supports DEA activities in 
countries most threatened by Central Asian heroin trafficking 
including Turkey, Russia and the United Kingdom. These 
operations were previously funded with prior year unobligated 
balances.
    The recommendation includes an increase of $4,300,000 for 
the Foreign Advisory Support Teams to train the National 
Interdiction Unit in Afghanistan and provide operational 
support to destroy clandestine labs and seize precursor 
chemicals, opium and opiate stockpiles in Afghanistan. Initial 
funding for this activity was provided through supplemental 
fiscal year 2005 appropriations. The recommendation provides 
for on-going operations through fiscal year 2006.
    The recommendation also includes an increase of $9,497,000 
and 14 positions to enhance DEA's capabilities throughout the 
region including Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, as 
requested.
    Within the total level of funding provided in this bill and 
in prior years, the Committee expects DEA to establish a 
presence in Dubai, United Arab Emirates to help combat the 
movement of proceeds from heroin trafficking.
    DEA is directed to submit a report to the Committee by 
April 1, 2006 on planned and actual obligations in Central Asia 
and DEA's accomplishments to combat poppy and heroin production 
in Afghanistan and throughout Central Asia.
    Operational Support.--If additional funding requirements 
arise during the course of the fiscal year to support Title III 
wiretaps and other investigative technologies and equipment, 
the Committee will consider a reprogramming from lower priority 
programs or from prior year unobligated balances, if available.
    Coordination.--The Committee expects the Department to 
ensure that DEA Mobile Enforcement Team investigations, the FBI 
Safe Streets Task Forces investigations, the USMS Fugitive Task 
Force investigations, and ATF VCIT investigations are well 
coordinated.
    Diversion Control Fee Account.--The recommendation includes 
$201,673,000 for this account, which is $47,457,000 above the 
current year. The recommendation includes the following 
increases: (1) $11,735,000 for inflationary and other base 
adjustments; (2) $8,726,000 to annualize the fiscal year 2005 
transfer of Drug and Chemical Diversion Control Decision Unit 
to the Diversion Control Fee Account; (3) $13,435,000 
transferred from the Salaries and Expenses account to more 
accurately reflect DEA's actual diversion control activities; 
(4) $8,857,000 and 41 positions to improve intelligence 
analysis supporting diversion investigations; and (5) 
$4,704,000 and 23 positions for additional agents to conduct 
diversion investigations.
    In addition, the recommendation includes $10,000,000 for 
the prescription drug monitoring program under the Office of 
Justice Programs.
    During 2003, 6.3 million Americans abused prescription 
drugs. Despite the extent of this abuse, efforts to address the 
problem have been inadequate. The Committee expects DEA to work 
with other entities of the Executive Branch, such as the Food 
and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Office of National Drug 
Control Policy, to ensure a coordinated government-wide 
approach to address prescription drug diversion. The 
recommendation includes two general provisions included in the 
fiscal year 2005 House-passed Commerce, Justice, State 
Appropriations Bill (H.R. 4754) and incorporated in the fiscal 
year 2005 conference report. These provisions prevent DEA from 
establishing a procurement quota for a new drug containing a 
controlled substance unless the DEA has reviewed and publicly 
commented on the labeling, promotion, risk management plans, 
and other documents for new drug applications. This language is 
continued to ensure that law enforcement has had an opportunity 
to review and comment on labeling, promotion and risk 
management plans of new drugs to prevent another drug like 
OxyContin from being inappropriately marketed. This language 
does not prevent FDA from approving new drugs. The Committee is 
concerned that drugs more powerful than OxyContin, will be 
approved with similar risk management and labeling plans as 
OxyContin. The Committee expects the DEA to work cooperatively 
with other Federal agencies to ensure that drugs with a high 
risk of abuse are marketed appropriately. The Federal 
government must ensure that new high-risk drugs do not become 
easily available to illegal drug dealers and abusers.
    The Committee recommends bill language, which provides: (1) 
up to $70,000 for unforeseen emergencies; (2) for the purchase 
of 1,043 passenger motor vehicles; (3) up to $75,000,000 to 
remain available until expended; and (4) up to $100,000 for 
official reception and representation expenses. In addition, 
language is continued which specifies the number of positions 
and workyears provided to DEA.

          Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $923,613,000 for the Bureau of 
Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), which is 
$41,148,000 above the enacted level, including supplemental 
amounts, and the same as the request. The recommendation does 
not include the proposal to increase explosives licensee and 
permit fees and credit these funds to this account. The 
recommendation also does not include the Administration's 
proposal to establish an explosives poundage fee.
    The recommendation includes the following changes: (1) 
$12,814,000 increase for inflationary and other base 
adjustments; (2) $3,930,000 increase for 50 additional 
inspectors to improve implementation of the Safe Explosives Act 
and address the concerns raised in the Office of Inspector 
General's Report No. I-2004-005; (3) $6,000,000 increase and 2 
additional positions to develop and implement a database for 
the Terrorist Explosive Device Analysis Center capable of 
electronically disseminating analytical reports on Improvised 
Explosive Devices to military, first responders, law 
enforcement and the intelligence community; (4) $302,000 
increase for 2 additional intelligence analysts positions to be 
assigned to the National Gang Intelligence Center to coordinate 
ATF anti-gang activities with other Federal law enforcement 
agencies; (5) $23,068,000 increase for Violent Crime Impact 
Teams (VCIT); and (6) $966,000 reduction for savings in travel 
and training.
    Violent Crime Impact Teams (VCIT).--VCITs are ATF-lead task 
forces that include participants from State and local law 
enforcement and other Federal law enforcement entities such as 
U.S. Attorneys, the U.S. Marshals Service, and the Drug 
Enforcement Administration. VCITs are established in locations 
with high or increasing rates of violence. The Committee 
understands that VCITs have been very successful and that 
between June 2004, when VCITs were originally established, and 
November 2004, the program executed 1,051 arrest warrants and 
recovered 3,549 firearms. The recommendation provides a 
$23,068,000 increase for the expansion of VCITs. The Committee 
expects VCITs to continue to focus on locations experiencing a 
high rate of gang related violence. The Committee expects the 
Department to ensure that ATF VCIT investigations, the FBI Safe 
Streets Task Forces investigations, the USMS Fugitive Task 
Forces investigations, and the DEA Mobile Enforcement Team 
investigations are well coordinated.
    Multiple handgun sales reports.--Under 18 USC 923(g)(3), 
licensed firearm dealers must report multiple handgun sales to 
ATF and local law enforcement. Local law enforcement agencies 
are required to destroy these reports within 20 days unless the 
gun buyer is prohibited from receiving firearms. Licensed 
firearm dealers must certify every 6 months to the Attorney 
General that these reports have been destroyed. The Committee 
understands that not all local law enforcement agencies comply 
with these requirements. The Committee directs ATF to ensure 
that local law enforcement agencies are aware of this 
requirement, through an open letter to law enforcement, website 
notices and other outreach programs to remind law enforcement 
of these important requirements.
    Forfeiture actions.--The Committee is concerned about 
reports that the Department and ATF have in some instances not 
complied with the notice requirements and time limitations set 
forth in the Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000 (CAFRA) 
in civil forfeiture actions relating to firearms and ammunition 
involved or used in a violation of the Gun Control Act, 18 
U.S.C. 924(d). The Committee understands that the Department 
and ATF recognize that the notice requirements and time 
limitations of CAFRA apply to such forfeiture actions. The 
Committee agrees with the Department and ATF that CAFRA applies 
to such actions and directs the Department and ATF to take 
additional steps to ensure that all ATF field counsel and 
United States Attorney Offices are reminded of the 
applicability of CAFRA to such actions so that appropriate 
steps may be taken to comply with CAFRA, including the time 
limits and procedures for notifying potential claimants and 
filing complaints for civil judicial forfeitures under the Gun 
Control Act.
    The Committee recommends bill language, included in fiscal 
year 2005 and in the budget request, that: (1) prohibits 
funding for consolidating or centralizing certain records; (2) 
prohibits funding to amend the definition of ``Curios or 
relics''; (3) prohibits funding for investigating or acting 
upon applications for relief from Federal firearms disabilities 
under 18 U.S.C. 925(c); (4) makes funding available to 
investigate and act upon applications filed by corporations for 
relief from Federal firearms disabilities under section 18 
U.S.C. 925(c); (5) prohibits funding to transfer the functions, 
missions or activities of the ATF to other agencies or 
Departments; (6) prohibits funds from being used to disclose 
certain firearms trace data; (7) prohibits funds to promulgate 
or implement any rule requiring a physical inventory of any 
business licensed under 18 U.S.C. 923; (8) prohibits funding to 
be used to electronically retrieve information gathered 
pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 923(g)(4) by name or any personal 
identification code; and (9) prohibits funds to deny an 
application for a license under 18 U.S.C. 923 or renewal of 
such a license due to a lack of business activity, provided 
that the applicant is otherwise eligible to receive such a 
license and is eligible to report business income or to claim 
an income tax deduction for business expenses under the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

                         Federal Prison System


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends a fiscal year 2006 appropriation 
of $4,895,649,000 for the salaries and expenses of the Federal 
Prison System, which is the same as the request and 
$324,265,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level, including 
supplemental appropriations.
    The Committee remains concerned about the Administration's 
annual budget requests for the Federal Prison System. Recent 
requests have been predicated on unreasonable offsets and 
rescissions of previously appropriated construction funds. The 
Committee believes that the fiscal year 2006 proposal to 
rescind prison construction funds is short-sighted since the 
inmate population is expected to steadily increase and over-
crowding is anticipated to remain a significant problem. The 
Committee is concerned about the safety and morale of staff 
working in Federal prisons, and therefore feels that bringing 
additional bed space on-line in a timely manner is critical. 
The Committee encourages the Administration to look seriously 
at the needs of the Federal Prison System when it develops its 
future budget requests.
    Activation and Expansion of Prisons.--The Committee's 
recommendation includes a total of $95,304,000 to fully 
annualize the costs to activate the Coleman, FL, facility, 
activate three new facilities, and expand two existing 
facilities. This funding will increase BOP's capacity by 3,114 
beds. The recommendation reflects the Committee's recognition 
of the critical importance of providing adequate space for the 
incarceration of Federal prisoners and the need to activate 
newly constructed prison facilities.
    Contract Confinement.--The recommendation also includes a 
total of $641,867,000 for contract confinement, an increase of 
$64,732,000, for contracts to accommodate the increasing prison 
population. The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is directed to meet 
bedspace needs using State, local and private prison capacity, 
if these facilities meet BOP's standards. The BOP is encouraged 
to solicit proposals in a manner that allows for an optimal 
level of competition so that BOP's requirements can be met and 
the best value achieved. Additionally, the BOP should consider 
expanding its use of current Intergovernmental Agreements with 
State and local governments that have existing beds. 
Furthermore, the BOP is directed to provide the Committee with 
a report on low and minimum security facilities comparing the 
following: (1) the costs of housing inmates in Federally-owned 
prisons; (2) the costs of using State and local prisons and 
jails obtained through Intergovernmental Agreements; and (3) 
the costs of using privately-managed facilities. The report 
shall include all costs associated with operating these 
facilities and shall be provided to the Committee by April 1, 
2006.
    Drug Treatment Programs.--The Committee is aware that more 
than 50 percent of the Federal prison population is 
incarcerated because of illegal drug activity. The Committee 
expects that the BOP will continue the transitional drug 
treatment program.
    Reimbursable Agreement.--The Committee understands that the 
Department of Justice continues to pursue an agreement with the 
Department of Homeland Security to reimburse BOP for the costs 
of criminal alien inmates awaiting deportation. The Committee 
encourages this action, which would be consistent with 
reimbursements that are made by States for their inmates who 
are housed in BOP facilities, and may have a salutary effect on 
continuing efforts to expedite the return of deported aliens to 
countries that have denied or unreasonably delayed such returns 
in the past.
    Intelligence Analyst.--Within the amounts provided, the BOP 
is directed to hire an intelligence analyst to be assigned to 
the FBI's National Gang Intelligence Center. This employee will 
work jointly with other Department of Justice law enforcement 
agencies to combat gang activity.
    Inmate Correspondence.--The Committee is concerned about 
the correspondence privileges allowed for convicted terrorists. 
The Committee strongly encourages the Attorney General to 
continue to examine this matter and provide an update to the 
Committee by August 1, 2005.
    Sexual Abuse.--The Committee is troubled by a recent 
Inspector General report on sexual abuse in the BOP. The 
Committee directs the BOP to continue taking steps to address 
this problem. Sexual abuse of inmates should not be tolerated, 
and the Director of the BOP should make a top priority the 
elimination of this behavior.
    Cost-saving initiatives.--The Committee notes that the BOP 
has proposed numerous cost-saving initiatives over the last 
year, and, because of the constrained budgetary environment 
that is expected to continue, the Committee has approved these 
long-term cost-saving initiatives. The Committee reiterates 
past direction that all BOP employees in the affected 
institutions shall be offered first preference for positions in 
nearby or recently-activated prisons.
    Mentally-ill offenders.--The Committee is disturbed by the 
number of people who suffer from mental illness and are 
incarcerated at the Federal, State, and local levels. The 
Committee expects the BOP to provide a report to the Committee 
on its programs to assist the mentally-ill and also encourages 
the National Institute of Corrections to work with State and 
local prisons and jails to share expertise in working with 
mentally-ill offenders.
    Marksmanship Training.--The Committee encourages the 
continuation of the visible eye-safe laser program and supports 
the BOP considering other technologically-advanced marksmanship 
training systems.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous Appropriations Acts, which provides: (1) 
for the purchase of motor vehicles; (2) for the provision of 
technical advice to foreign governments; (3) for transfer of 
funds to the Health Resources and Services Administration; (4) 
for the Director to enter into contracts to furnish health 
care; (5) up to $6,000 for reception and representation 
expenses; (6) up to $20,000,000 for contract confinement 
expenses for the care and security of Cuban and Haitian 
entrants; and (7) for the Federal Prison System to accept 
donated property and services. The recommendation includes a 
requested change in the number of new and replacement 
automobile purchases and modifies language, as requested, 
designating an amount to remain available for two fiscal years.

                        BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES

    The Committee recommends $70,112,000 for fiscal year 2006 
for the construction, modernization, maintenance, and repair of 
prison and detention facilities housing Federal inmates. This 
amount is $134,963,000 below the fiscal year 2005 level, 
including supplemental appropriations. The recommendation does 
not include a proposed $314,000,000 rescission of funds 
previously appropriated for new prison construction. The 
recommendation for this account is therefore $214,000,000 above 
the request.
    The Committee notes that there are carryover balances 
available in this account totaling more than $600,000,000, of 
which over $100,000,000 are not designated for specific 
construction activities and can be used for maintenance and 
repair projects. Given current funding constraints, the 
Committee expects the BOP to use new appropriations, as well as 
previously appropriated funds, to address the most critical 
maintenance and repair projects.
    The Committee is deeply troubled by claims that inmate-on-
inmate and inmate-on-staff assaults are increasing. The 
Committee believes that overcrowding can be a significant 
contributing factor to this increase in violent activity, and, 
for this reason, rejects the proposal to rescind balances from 
prison construction funds.
    The Committee recommends bill language, similar to that 
included in previous Appropriations Acts, which allows: (1) for 
planning, acquisition of sites, and construction of facilities; 
(2) for acquisition, remodeling, and equipping facilities by 
contract or force account; (3) up to $14,000,000 to construct 
inmate work areas; and (4) for use of prisoner labor.

   LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES, FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, 
                              INCORPORATED

    The Committee recommends a limitation on administrative 
expenses of $3,365,000 for Federal Prison Industries, 
Incorporated (FPI), for fiscal year 2006, which is $1,000 below 
the amount designated for fiscal year 2005 and the same as the 
request. The Committee believes that those who are repaying 
their debts to society should be provided opportunities to 
prepare themselves to re-enter the community as functioning 
citizens. The Committee notes that, unfortunately, FPI's inmate 
employment has declined by 3,200 since 2001, a 14 percent 
decrease. The Committee expects the Administration to continue 
to offer meaningful work opportunities to inmates while 
respecting the interests of small and medium-sized businesses.

                    Office on Violence Against Women


       VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN PREVENTION AND PROSECUTION PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $387,497,000 to support grants 
under the Violence Against Women Act, which is $5,394,000 above 
fiscal year 2005 and $24,500,000 above the request. The request 
includes funding for certain Violence Against Women Prevention 
and Prosecution Programs under the Justice Assistance heading. 
The recommendation continues to include all Violence Against 
Women Prevention and Prosecution Programs under this heading. 
The table below displays funding for programs recommended under 
this heading compared to the level of funds requested for the 
same activities under this heading and under the Justice 
Assistance account.

                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     FY 2005       FY 2006 \1\       FY 2006
                                                                     enacted         request      recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Violence Against Women Programs

STOP Grants....................................................        $184,588        $187,308         $187,308
    (National Institute of Justice--R&D;).......................         (4,933)         (5,200)          (5,000)
    (Safe Start Program).......................................         (9,866)        (10,000)         (10,000)
    (Transitional Housing Assistance)..........................        (12,333)        (15,000)         (15,000)
Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies............................          62,643          62,660           63,491
Rural Domestic Violence Assistance Grants......................          39,155          39,166           39,685
Violence on College Campuses...................................           9,052           9,054            9,175
Civil Legal Assistance.........................................          39,209          39,220           39,740
Disabled Women.................................................           4,539           4,540            4,600
Safe Haven Project.............................................          13,890          13,894           14,078
Educ. & Training for Disabled Female Victims...................           7,153           7,155            7,250

           Other Violence Against Women Act Programs

CASA (Special Advocates).......................................          11,738          11,846           11,897
Training for Judicial Personnel................................           1,899           2,287            1,925
Grants for Televised Testimony.................................             970             986              983
Training Programs..............................................           4,356           4,958            4,415
Stalking Database..............................................           2,911           2,962            2,950
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
    Total......................................................         382,103  ..............         387,497
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Some programs shown for display purposes only. They were in the budget request but under other account
  headings.

    Funding included under this heading will continue to 
provide resources to expand units of law enforcement officers 
and prosecutors specifically targeted at crimes against women, 
to develop and implement effective arrest and prosecution 
policies to prevent, identify and respond to violent crimes 
against women, and to provide much needed victim services 
including specialized domestic violence court advocates to 
obtain protection orders.

                       Office of Justice Programs

    The recommendation includes $2,205,479,000 for the Office 
of Justice Programs (OJP), which is $999,721,000 over the 
President's request. Again this year, the budget request 
proposes merging all programs administered by OJP under the 
Justice Assistance heading. The Committee recommendation 
retains the account structure used in previous fiscal years and 
funds State and local law enforcement programs under different 
appropriation accounts.

                           JUSTICE ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends $227,466,000 for the Justice 
Assistance account, which is $2,610,000 above the enacted 
level. The Justice Assistance program includes assistance to 
States and localities in the form of research, evaluation, 
statistics, white collar crime, information sharing, missing 
children assistance, and victim assistance. In addition, 
funding for the management and administration of all grants 
provided through OJP is provided under this heading. The budget 
proposed merging all OJP programs under this heading. The table 
below compares the fiscal year 2006 recommendation to the 
fiscal year 2006 request for those programs recommended under 
this account heading.

                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 FY 2005    FY 2006 \1\      FY 2006
           Program               Enacted       Request    Recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Institute of Justice      $54,265      $83,705          $56,000
Bureau of Justice Statistics.       33,546       62,775           35,000
National White Collar Crime..        8,880        3,171            9,000
Regional Info Sharing System.       39,466       45,049           40,466
Victim Assistance............        7,893           --            3,000
Missing Children Program.....       46,274       38,812           48,000
Management and Administration       34,532       10,551           36,000
                              ------------------------------------------
    Total....................      224,856  ...........         227,466
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Some programs shown for display purposes only because they were in
  the budget request but under other account headings.

    National Institute of Justice.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $56,000,000 for the National Institute 
of Justice (NIJ). In addition, NIJ will receive funding under 
the Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grants program, the Byrne 
Discretionary program, the Violence Against Women Prevention 
and Prosecution program, and the DNA Initiative.
    NIJ is the Nation's primary source of research and 
development in the field of criminal justice. NIJ fosters 
innovation in law enforcement technologies and practices, 
investigates causes and patterns of crime, and informs the 
public of research and development findings. The Committee 
encourages NIJ to work with Federal law enforcement agencies in 
the development of law enforcement technologies to ensure 
coordination of research and development efforts.
    The recommendation continues the current year level of 
funding for the Office of Law Enforcement Technology 
Commercialization, Inc., and for the Center for Rural Law 
Enforcement Technology and Training. The Committee supports the 
Border Research and Technology Center and recognizes the 
important technology assistance and technical information it 
has provided to Federal, State, and local law enforcement 
operations in the border region.
    The Committee understands that NIJ has administered most of 
the grant funding provided in previous Appropriations Acts for 
various forensic centers across the country. The Committee 
expects NIJ to submit a report to the Committee by August 1, 
2005, on the possibility of transforming the current piecemeal 
approach into a competitive grant program that would enhance 
the impact of these centers.
    Missing Children.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$48,000,000 for the Missing Children Program for fiscal year 
2006, which is $1,726,000 above the enacted level and 
$9,188,000 above the request. This program provides funds to 
combat crimes against children, particularly kidnapping and 
sexual exploitation. The Committee notes its disappointment 
that the request significantly reduced the amount available for 
the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC).
    The Committee is concerned about the perpetration of crimes 
against children via the Internet and is troubled by the 
failure of many Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to report at 
all, and the failure of some ISPs to report in a meaningful and 
useful way, about the apparent child pornography violations 
appearing on their servers, as required by 42 U.S.C. 13032. 
According to NCMEC, which is statutorily mandated to receive 
such reports and forward them to law enforcement, the reports 
often lack the content and clarity sufficient to form viable 
leads for law enforcement, or providers delete the underlying 
evidence from their servers before law enforcement has an 
opportunity to pursue an investigation. The Committee 
encourages the Department to consider whether clearer guidance 
to providers is required to remedy this problem. Accordingly, 
the Committee requests that the Department examine these issues 
and provide a report to the Committee detailing its analysis 
and conclusions within 90 days of enactment of this Act.
    The following table displays the Committee's funding 
recommendation for this program:

                                            MISSING CHILDREN PROGRAM
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     FY 2005         FY 2006         FY 2006
                                                                     enacted         request      recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.............         $23,580        $413,934          $24,000
Jimmy Ryce Law Enforcement Training Center.....................           2,960  ..............            3,000
Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force....................          13,320          14,500           14,500
Missing and Exploited Children Office..........................           1,480           1,480            1,500
AMBER Alert Program............................................           4,934           5,000            5,000
Undesignated Activities........................................  ..............           3,898  ...............
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
    Total......................................................          46,274          38,812           48,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Regional Information Sharing System.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $40,466,000 for fiscal year 2006 for 
the Regional Information Sharing System (RISS), which is 
$1,000,000 above the enacted level and $4,583,000 below the 
request.
    The RISS program maintains six regionally-based information 
sharing centers throughout the United States, which are 
connected electronically to form a nationwide network for the 
automated exchange of crime and terrorism information between 
Federal, State, and local agencies. The Committee is pleased 
with the Administration's efforts to integrate RISS with the 
Law Enforcement On-Line (LEO) program and other information 
sharing programs. The Committee directs the Department to 
ensure that other inter-state information sharing systems 
funded by OJP and COPS utilize existing communications 
infrastructure and are compatible with RISS and LEO.
    Victim Assistance.--The recommendation includes $3,000,000 
for the activities authorized by section 103 of the Justice for 
All Act, Public Law 108-405, to increase enforcement of crime 
victims' rights. The Administration did not propose any funding 
for these activities.
    White Collar Crime Center.--The Committee recommends 
$9,000,000 for the National White Collar Crime Center, which is 
$120,000 above the enacted level and $5,829,000 above the 
request. This program provides training, technical assistance, 
and investigative support to State and local law enforcement to 
combat white-collar and economic crimes such as fraud and 
identity theft.
    Management and Administration.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $36,000,000 in direct appropriations 
for the management and administration of OJP programs, which is 
$1,468,000 above the enacted level. In addition, consistent 
with prior practice, reimbursable funding for management and 
administration costs will be made available from programs 
administered by OJP from the ``Community Oriented Policing 
Services'' account. Further, the Committee notes that remaining 
management and administration funding will be made available 
from the ``Juvenile Justice Programs'' and the ``State and 
Local Law Enforcement Assistance'' accounts, and that these 
funds will be transferred to and merged with the ``Justice 
Assistance'' account. The recommendation assumes a total 
management and administration budget of not more than 
$118,129,000, which is equal to the request.

               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

    The Committee recommends a total of $1,001,296,000 for 
State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance programs. This 
amount is $1,001,296,000 above the request and $276,908,000 
below the enacted level. The Committee does not adopt the 
Administration's proposal to consolidate this appropriation 
under the Justice Assistance heading.
    The table below displays funding for programs recommended 
under this heading compared to the level of funds requested 
under the Justice Assistance account for the same activities.

                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     FY 2005       FY 2006 \1\       FY 2006
                                                                     enacted         request      recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants.......................        $625,531  ..............         $348,466
    (Boys and Girls Clubs).....................................        (83,865)         $60,000         (85,000)
    (USA Freedom Corps)........................................         (2,467)  ..............  ...............
    (National Institute of Justice)............................         (9,866)  ..............         (10,000)
State Criminal Alien Assistance................................         300,926  ..............          355,000
Southwest Border Prosecutors...................................          29,599          48,418           30,000
Byrne Discretionary Grants.....................................         167,756  ..............          110,000
Victims of Trafficking Grants..................................           9,866  ..............           10,000
State Prison Drug Treatment....................................          24,666          44,119           25,000
Drug Courts....................................................          39,466          70,060           40,000
Prescription Drug Monitoring...................................           9,866           5,000           10,000
Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution.........................          36,506          10,175           40,000
Capital Litigation.............................................  ..............          20,000           10,000
Cannabis Eradication (previously under DEA)....................  ..............          19,100           11,600
Intell. State and Local Training...............................          10,359          20,248           10,359
Missing Alzheimer's Patients...................................             871  ..............              871
Other..........................................................          22,792  ..............  ...............
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
    Total, State and Local Assistance..........................       1,278,204  ..............       1,001,296
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Some programs shown for display purposes only because they were in the budget request but under other
  account headings.

    Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants program.--
The Committee recommendation includes $348,466,000 for the 
Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants program, as 
authorized by H.R. 3036, the Department of Justice 
Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2004 through 
2006, as passed by the House on March 30, 2004. The 
recommendation is $348,466,000 above the budget request.
    Funding under this program is authorized for (a) law 
enforcement programs; (b) prosecution and court programs; (c) 
prevention and education programs; (d) corrections and 
community corrections programs; (e) drug treatment programs; 
and (f) planning, evaluation, and technology improvement 
programs. Funding is not available for (a) vehicles, vessels, 
or aircraft; (b) luxury items; (c) real estate; or (d) 
construction projects.
    The formula used for distributing funds under this program 
allocates 50 percent of funding based on population, and 50 
percent based on violent crime rates. The formula allocates 60 
percent of funding to States and 40 percent to units of local 
government.
    Of the amount provided, $85,000,000 is for Boys and Girls 
Clubs. The Committee provides these funds to deter young people 
from entering gangs and participating in other criminal 
activities.
    In addition, $10,000,000 is for NIJ to assist local units 
of government to identify, select, develop, modernize, and 
purchase new technologies for use by law enforcement.
    The Committee is concerned about witness intimidation in 
areas with high violent crime. The Committee encourages 
localities to use JAG funds for witness protection costs in 
order to support the effective operation of the criminal 
justice system.
    State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.--The 
recommendation provides $355,000,000 for the State Criminal 
Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP) for reimbursement to States 
for the costs of incarceration of criminal aliens, which was 
again proposed for elimination in the budget request. The 
recommendation provides a $54,074,000 increase above the fiscal 
year 2005 level.
    Southwest Border Prosecutions.--The Committee recommends 
$30,000,000 to provide assistance to State and local law 
enforcement agencies (including prosecutors, probation 
officers, courts, and detention facilities) along the southwest 
border with the handling and processing of drug and alien cases 
referred from Federal arrests. The recommendation is $401,000 
above the fiscal year 2005 level.
    Edward Byrne Discretionary Grants.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $110,000,000 for discretionary grants 
to help to improve the functioning of the criminal justice 
system with an emphasis on drugs, violent crime, and serious 
offenders.
    Within the amounts appropriated for discretionary grants, 
the Committee expects OJP to examine each of the following 
proposals, to provide grants if warranted, and to submit a 
report to the Committee on its intentions for each proposal:
     Point Coupee Parish, LA, Sheriff's Office;
     Tulane University Domestic Violence Institute;
     Texas Department of Public Safety;
     Center for Immigration Studies;
     Cook County, IL, Cold Case Unit;
     Waukegan, IL, for an anti-gang initiative;
     Women in Need Growing Stronger in Palatine, IL;
     Peoria, IL, for a court automation project;
     Yancey County, NC, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement programs;
     Drug Free Clay County in NC;
     American Prosecutors Research Institute for an 
anti-gang prosecution program;
     Gospel Rescue Ministries;
     Mothers Against Drunk Driving;
     National Obscenity Law Center;
     National Institute on State Policy on Trafficking 
of Women and Girls;
     Paul and Lisa Foundation;
     National Law Center for Children and Families;
     Shared Hope International for a domestic 
trafficking program;
     Northern Virginia Criminal Justice Academy;
     Securing Emergency Resources Through Volunteer 
Efforts (SERVE) for a re-entry program;
     Virginia Community Policing Institute;
     Northern Virginia Regional Gang Task Force;
     Northwest Virginia Regional Drug Task Force;
     City of Manassas Park, VA, Police Department for a 
neighborhood task force;
     Pre-release and post-incarceration services 
programs for the Commonwealth of Virginia;
     Court programs in the Commonwealth of Virginia to 
combat drug use and drug-related crime;
     Virginia Attorney General's Office for a computer 
crime unit and the Triad program;
     Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 
International Institute for Alcohol Awareness, for a training 
and technical assistance program for State and local law 
enforcement regarding liquor law enforcement;
     William and Mary College's Courtroom 21 project;
     Activities authorized by the Mentally Ill Offender 
Treatment and Crime Reduction Act, Public Law 108-414;
     Center for Criminal Justice Technology;
     Enough is Enough;
     Protecting Children Against Sex Offenders in 
Fairfax County, VA;
     Tahirih Justice Center in Falls Church, VA;
     The Women's Center in Vienna, VA;
     Washington Metropolitan Area Drug Enforcement Task 
Force;
     SEARCH Group;
     National Citizens Crime Prevention Campaign;
     Tarleton State University for rural law 
enforcement training programs;
     Advance Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training 
(ALERRT);
     Carlsbad, CA, for a law enforcement initiative;
     Oakland County, MI, Sheriff's Department for an 
offender reentry program;
     Center for Court Innovation;
     Prisoner reentry program in Louisville, KY;
     Center for Women and Families, KY;
     Las Vegas Metropolitan Police for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program;
     Law enforcement initiatives in the State of 
Montana;
     The Doe Fund's Ready, Willing & Able program;
     Operation UNITE for a drug enforcement, treatment 
and education program;
     Washington County, NY, for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Phoenix House in Upstate New York;
     Kansas Attorney General's Office;
     School resource officers program in Wichita, KS;
     National Clearinghouse for Science and the Law at 
Stetson University College of Law;
     National Forensic Science Technology Center in 
Largo, FL;
     St. Petersburg College for law enforcement 
training;
     Mentally ill jail diversion program in Pinellas 
County, FL;
     Elder Justice Information Center at Stetson 
University College of Law;
     Crime Communications Initiative in Salt Lake City, 
UT;
     East Central University for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Anti-gang initiative in Fort Bend, TX;
     Southwest Center for Public Safety Technology in 
Houston, TX, for a law enforcement initiative;
     City of Springfield, MO, for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Los Angeles County, CA, Sheriff's Department;
     National Association for Court Management;
     Kane County, IL, for mental health courts;
     Phoenix House in Dallas, TX;
     Ascension Parish Law Enforcement Training Center;
     DuPage County, IL, Drug Court program;
     National Institute of Justice's Cyberscience 
Laboratory in Rome, NY;
     City of Hemet, CA, to combat crime and gang 
activity;
     Law enforcement research at Sam Houston 
University;
     National Association of Town Watch's National 
Night Out crime prevention program;
     Low Country law enforcement Information Technology 
Improvement Project;
     Miami County, IN, Sheriff's Department for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     Utah Valley State College for law enforcement 
research;
     Town of Culpeper, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement initiatives;
     City of Richmond, VA, for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Page County, VA, for law enforcement initiatives;
     Culpeper County, VA, for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Nashville, TN, for a Drug Court program;
     Orange County, CA, for the Integrated Law and 
Justice System;
     Shoshone and Arapaho Tribal Courts;
     Action in the Community through Service in Prince 
William County, VA;
     An Achievable Dream in Newport News, VA;
     University of Tennessee Law Enforcement Innovation 
Center:
     City of Winston-Salem and Forsyth County, NC, for 
law enforcement technologies;
     I-LEAD in Norristown, Reading, and Cotesville, PA;
     Montgomery County, PA, for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Operation Blue Ridge Thunder;
     Northwest Interagency Team Response Operation in 
Cameron, MO;
     Vincennes University Center in Vincennes, IN, for 
law enforcement initiatives;
     San Diego County Sexual Assault Felony Enforcement 
Task Force;
     San Diego Family Justice Center;
     California Western School of Law for a Pre-
Arraignment Services Program;
     Rural Justice Institute at Alfred University in 
Alfred, NY;
     Hickory, NC, for a law enforcement training 
program;
     Spokane County, WA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement programs;
     Larimer County, CO, for law enforcement and 
prosecutorial initiatives;
     Weld County, CO, for law enforcement initiatives;
     Kristen's Act;
     Texas Tech University for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     San Joaquin Valley Rural Crime Prevention;
     Whiteclay, NE, for law enforcement initiatives;
     National Center for Victims of Crime's INFOLINK;
     Police Athletic League for an anti-gang 
initiative;
     National Sheriffs' Association Pegasus program;
     Navajo Nation, AZ, for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Monroe County, NY, for law enforcement equipment 
and research;
     Clay County, AL, for a drug task force;
     Orange County, CA, District Attorney Office for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Germantown, WI, Police Department for advanced 
technologies;
     Check'Em Out Program;
     Indiana State Police Department for anti-drug 
programs;
     Anti-gang program in Columbus, OH;
     Delaware County Community College Municipal Police 
Academy;
     Center for Collaborative Network Security 
Development for a law enforcement program;
     Fairleigh Dickinson University for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     Roger Williams University for a law enforcement 
program;
     Sexual Assault and Trauma Center of RI for law 
enforcement initiative;
     San Francisco, CA, Ex-Offender Reentry Services;
     Tubman Family Alliance for a law enforcement 
program;
     Citizens Advice Bureau for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Alliance for Community Service for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     CONNECT for a law enforcement program;
     Urban Justice Center for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Claflin University for a law enforcement program;
     Prince George's County, MD, Violent Crime Unit;
     Prince George's County, MD, Firearms Reduction 
Education Program;
     Children's Home Society for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Prince George's County, MD, for a prisoner reentry 
program;
     Maryland Crime Victim's Center;
     Prince George's County, MD, Domestic Violence 
Unit;
     Tacoma, WA, Family Justice Center for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     Albany, GA, Prisoner Reentry Programs;
     Columbus, GA, A Child is Missing;
     Williamsburg Technical College for a law 
enforcement training program;
     Henry C. Lee Institute of Forensic Science 
National Cold Case Center;
     Stop the Offenders Program, TX;
     Salinas & Monterey, CA, joint gang drug task 
forces;
     Safer Foundation;
     Lucas County, OH, for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Westchester and Rockland County, NY, for crime 
prevention programs;
     Bronxville, NY, for a law enforcement program;
     National Corrections and Law Enforcement Training 
and Technology Center;
     Steganography Analysis and Research Center;
     Communication network enhancements for rural law 
enforcement;
     Crime data analysis and law enforcement research 
programs;
     Glenville State College for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Marshall University ATI for law enforcement 
training and equipment;
     Town of Harrison, NY, Police Department for 
equipment;
     Village of Elmsford, NY, for law enforcement 
equipment;
     Pace University Women's Justice Center, NY, for a 
law enforcement initiative;
     Middlesex, MA, Sheriff's Office;
     St. Francis House Prisoner Re-entry program;
     On-site Academy's Law Enforcement Program;
     A Child is Missing, MA;
     Phoenix, AZ, for a law enforcement initiative;
     Durham County, NC, for a law enforcement program;
     Orange-Person-Chatham Area, NC, for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     Bergen County, NJ, Justice Center Security 
Enhancements;
     Hawaii's State Interagency Council on Intermediate 
Sanctions law enforcement initiative;
     Eastern Kentucky University law enforcement 
programs;
     Southern Illinois University Carbondale--Center 
for Rural Violence and Prevention;
     Second Chance Prisoner Reentry Program;
     Illinois State Police;
     San Diego, CA, Crisis Intervention Response Team;
     Palm Beach County, FL, for a gang violence 
reduction program;
     Minnehaha County, ND, for a law enforcement 
program;
     City of Independence, OR--Independence/Polk County 
Drug Enforcement Team;
     Suffolk and Commack, NY, for law enforcement 
initiatives;
     Long Island, NY, for a law enforcement program;
     Hope Center Recidivism Prevention Consortium;
     Oakland, CA, for a law enforcement program;
     Fulton County, GA, Sheriff's Department;
     City of Atlanta, GA, for a Conflict Resolution 
Program;
     Georgia State University Reentry Program;
     Atlanta, GA, Department of Corrections, Women's 
Residential Treatment Program;
     Marymount Manhattan College, NY, for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     Excelsior College, NY, for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     COPS in Schools Program, CA;
     Neighborhood Preservation Initiative of KS for a 
law enforcement initiative;
     Fond du Lac, MN, for a law enforcement program;
     Fifth Avenue Committee for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Catholic Community Services, NJ, for a law 
enforcement program;
     Heritage Community Development Corporation, IL, 
for a reentry program;
     South Gate, CA, for a law enforcement initiative;
     Garden Grove, CA, Anti-trafficking Task Force;
     Santa Ana, CA, Police Department;
     Solano County, CA, for a law enforcement 
initiative;
     Barnstable County, MA--Drug Court Treatment 
Program;
     A Child is Missing, GA;
     City of Rialto, CA--Police Preparedness Project;
     Northwest Fund Community Enhancement Program;
     State of Iowa--Prescription Drug/Over Counter 
Alert System;
     Family Justice, NY, for a law enforcement program;
     Prince George's County, MD--Re-entry Task Force;
     FDRC, Inc. Men United Program for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     West Mt. Airy, PA, Against Drugs (MANAD);
     Lacy Lakeview and Bellmead Police, TX;
     Baltimore County, MD, Villa Julie College for a 
law enforcement initiative;
     Matthew House to provide services for ex-
offenders;
     Operation Take Back Narcotics program;
     County of Madison, AL, for a drug court program;
     Thomas Edison State College for a law enforcement 
program;
     South Coast, OR, Interagency Narcotics Team;
     Regional Law Enforcement Training Center;
     Cylab Cybersecurity law enforcement program;
     Pittsburgh, PA, for a law enforcement program;
     Project Peacemaker for a law enforcement program;
     Native Americans into Law for a law enforcement 
program;
     Minneapolis Community and Technical College for a 
law enforcement program;
     Coppin State University for a law enforcement 
program;
     Portsmouth, VA, jail diversion program for the 
mentally-ill;
     The Women's Center, in Fairfax, VA;
     Westside Holistic Family Services for ex-
offenders; and
     Denver Rescue Mission for a law enforcement 
initiative.
    Harold Rogers Prescription Drug Monitoring Program.--The 
recommendation includes $10,000,000 for the Harold Rogers 
Prescription Drug Monitoring Program to assist States in 
building or enhancing prescription drug monitoring systems, 
facilitating the exchange of information among States, and 
providing technical assistance and training on establishing and 
operating effective prescription drug monitoring programs. This 
amount is $134,000 above the enacted level and $5,000,000 above 
the request.
    Prison Rape Prevention and Prosecution.--The Committee's 
recommendation provides $40,000,000 to implement the Prison 
Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-79). This amount 
is $3,494,000 above the enacted level and $29,825,000 above the 
request. The Committee is disappointed that the 
Administration's request for this program significantly reduces 
funding for the program and believes this action demonstrates a 
lack of commitment in fully implementing the Prison Rape 
Elimination Act.
    The recommendation provides $15,000,000 for the collection 
of statistics, data and research as authorized by section 4 of 
the Act; $1,000,000 for the National Institute of Corrections 
for a national clearinghouse, training, and education, as 
authorized by section 5 of the Act; $21,825,000 for grants to 
States to protect inmates and safeguard communities, as 
authorized by section 6 of the Act; and $2,175,000 to be 
transferred to the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission.
    The Committee understands that experts have conservatively 
estimated that at least 13 percent of the inmates in the United 
States have been sexually assaulted in prison and that many 
inmates have suffered repeated assaults. Under this estimate, 
nearly 200,000 inmates now incarcerated have been, or will be, 
the victims of prison rape. The total number of inmates who 
have been sexually assaulted in the past twenty years likely 
exceeds 1,000,000. The Committee understands that prison rape 
contributes to the spread of sexually-transmitted diseases, 
such as HIV and AIDS. The Committee also recognizes that 
mentally ill and juvenile inmates are particularly vulnerable 
to sexual victimization. The Committee further understands that 
most prison staff are not adequately trained or prepared to 
prevent, report, or treat inmate sexual assaults, and that 
prison rape often goes unreported. The Committee is deeply 
troubled by these statistics and hopes the Administration will 
fully support this program in future budget requests.
    Victims of Trafficking.--The recommendation includes 
$10,000,000 for victims' services programs to provide 
assistance to victims of trafficking, as authorized by the 
Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. 
This amount is $134,000 above the enacted level and $10,000,000 
above the request. Once again, the Committee is disappointed 
that the Administration continues to propose the elimination of 
this program. According to the Central Intelligence Agency, 
between 18,000 and 20,000 people are trafficked into the United 
States annually. The Committee believes the Administration must 
continue to work to address these crimes and must provide 
sufficient resources to address the needs of the victims of 
this horrific crime.
    Improving State and Local Law Enforcement Intelligence 
Capabilities.--The recommendation includes $10,359,000 for the 
implementation of the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing 
Plan and the efforts of the Global Justice Information Sharing 
Initiative. The Committee directs that this funding be used to 
support training for State and local law enforcement on the 
intelligence process, including planning, collection, analysis, 
dissemination and reevaluation. This program should continue to 
provide support for training in the use of intelligence as a 
tool in identifying pre-incident indicators. It should also 
include training to ensure that law enforcement officials are 
protecting individuals' privacy, civil rights, civil liberties, 
and constitutional rights while gathering intelligence. The 
Committee also expects these funds to be available to promote 
the use of information technology standards among law 
enforcement to ensure that that data can be exchanged across 
disparate information systems.
    Capital Litigation.--The recommendation includes 
$10,000,000 for activities authorized by Subtitle B of the 
Justice for All Act of 2004, Public Law 108-405.

                       WEED AND SEED PROGRAM FUND

    The recommendation provides $50,000,000 for the Weed and 
Seed program, which is $11,172,000 below the fiscal year 2005 
level. The budget proposed merging the Weed and Seed program 
under the Justice Assistance account.

                  COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES

    The Committee recommendation includes $520,057,000 for the 
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program for fiscal 
year 2006. The table below displays funding for programs 
recommended under this heading compared to the funding 
requested for the same activities under this heading and under 
the Justice Assistance account.

                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   FY 2005        FY 2006 \1\        FY 2006
                           Program                                 enacted          request       recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hiring.......................................................           $9,866  ...............  ...............
Training and Technical Assistance............................           14,800           $7,000  ...............
Tribal Law Enforcement.......................................           19,733           51,600          $38,000
Meth Hot Spots...............................................           51,854           20,000           60,000
Law Enforcement Technologies and Interoperable Communications          136,763  ...............          120,000
Interoperable Communications.................................           98,664  ...............  ...............
Safe Schools Program.........................................            4,268  ...............  ...............
Police Integrity Grants......................................            7,400           10,000  ...............
Management and Administration................................           29,599           29,181  ...............
Prior Year Balances (Rescission).............................  ...............         (95,500)  ...............
Bullet-Proof Vests...........................................           24,666           29,939           30,000
Police Corps.................................................           14,800  ...............  ...............
Criminal Records Upgrade.....................................           24,666           58,180           25,000
DNA Initiative...............................................          108,531          177,057          177,057
Paul Coverdell Forensic Science..............................           14,800  ...............  ...............
Crime Identification Technology Act..........................           28,070  ...............  ...............
Project Safe Neighborhoods...................................  ...............           73,792  ...............
Anti-Gang Initiative.........................................  ...............  ...............           60,000
Offender Re-Entry............................................            9,866           15,000           10,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Grand Total............................................          598,346  ...............          520,057
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Some programs shown for display purposes only because they were in the budget request but under other
  account headings.

    Tribal Law Enforcement.--The recommendation includes 
$38,000,000 for tribal law enforcement efforts. The 
recommendation combines funds in this heading with funds 
previously appropriated under State and Local Law Enforcement 
Assistance. These funds are intended to meet the most pressing 
needs of tribes, including law enforcement hiring, equipment, 
and training, court improvement projects, and alcohol and 
substance abuse reduction programs.
    Methamphetamine Enforcement and Clean-Up.--The Committee 
recommends $60,000,000 to combat methamphetamine production and 
distribution, to target drug ``hot spots,'' and to remove and 
dispose of hazardous materials at clandestine methamphetamine 
labs. This amount is $8,146,000 above the enacted level and 
$40,000,000 above the request. The Committee is aware that the 
production, trafficking, and abuse of methamphetamine, an 
extremely destructive and addictive synthetic drug, continues 
to be a serious national problem.
    Within the amount provided, the Committee has included 
$20,000,000 to reimburse the Drug Enforcement Administration 
for assistance to State and local law enforcement for proper 
removal and disposal of hazardous materials at clandestine 
methamphetamine labs and to initiate container programs, 
including funds for training, technical assistance, and 
purchase of equipment to adequately remove and store hazardous 
waste.
    The Committee expects the COPS Program Office, in 
consultation with DEA, to examine each of the following 
proposals, to provide grants if warranted, and to submit a 
report to the Committee on its intentions for each proposal:
     Grant Parish, LA, Sheriff's Office;
     Virginia State Police in cooperation with the 
Northwest Virginia Regional Drug Task Force and the 
Harrisonburg Drug Task Force;
     Partnership for a Drug Free America to provide 
technical assistance to State and local law enforcement to 
address meth;
     Rutherford County, NC, methamphetamine initiative;
     Alabama Sheriffs' Association Methamphetamine 
Program;
     California Methamphetamine Strategy (CALMS);
     Washington State Methamphetamine Initiative;
     South Central Missouri Drug Task Force;
     Southeast Missouri Drug Task Force;
     Mineral Area Drug Task Force;
     City of Tuscon, AZ, Police Department;
     TEMPEST for on-going anti-meth activities in PA;
     Methamphetamine Task Force in East Tennessee;
     Polk County, FL, methamphetamine initiative;
     Metropolitan Drug Enforcement Team in the Kanawha 
Valley, WV;
     Jefferson County, CO, methamphetamine interdiction 
and response;
     West Tennessee Methamphetamine Task Force;
     Arkansas Meth Hot Spots Initiative;
     FIVCO Area Drug Enforcement Task Force, KY;
     Minnesota Methamphetamine Hot Spots Initiative;
     Franklin County, MO, Sheriff's Department for 
Operation CHEM;
     Regional Training Center in Sioux Center, IA;
     Daviess County, KY, regional methamphetamine 
eradication program;
     Oklahoma State Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous 
Drug Control;
     Louisiana Methamphetamine Task Force;
     Nebraska State Patrol for methamphetamine 
initiative;
     Southwest Mississippi Narcotics Enforcement Unit;
     Cherokee County, AL, for a Drug & Violent Crime 
Task Force;
     Southeastern Illinois Regional Planning & 
Development Commission for meth initiatives;
     Integrating Systems Against Methamphetamine Abuse 
project;
     City of Ottawa, IL, antidrug coalition;
     Pennyrile Narcotics Task Force;
     Morgan County, AL, Sheriff's Department 
Methamphetamine Enforcement;
     City of Scottsboro, AL, Police Department 
Methamphetamine Enforcement;
     Alabama District Attorneys' Association 
Methamphetamine Enforcement;
     Minot State University, ND, Rural Methamphetamine 
Education Demonstration Project;
     Woodland, CA, for Methamphetamine Enforcement;
     State of Iowa--Methamphetamine Demand and 
Diversion Reduction;
     Marion County, OR, Breaking Meth Addiction;
     New York City, NY, for a methamphetamine 
prevention, treatment and research initiative;
     White Earth Reservation Tribal Nations, MN, 
Methamphetamine Initiative;
     Jackson County, MS, Sheriff's Office, 
Methamphetamine Initiative;
     Cities of Manchester and Tullahoma, TN;
     Methamphetamine Education and Prevention Campaign;
     Tennessee 13th Judicial District/Middle Tennessee 
Methamphetamine Task Force;
     Tennessee Tech University Methamphetamine 
Detection and Remediation Research;
     Lane County, OR, Methamphetamine Abatement 
Initiative;
     City of Columbia, SC, Methamphetamine Initiative;
     Williamsburg County, SC, Sheriff's Department 
Methamphetamine Enforcement;
     Town of Santee, SC, Police Department 
Methamphetamine Enforcement;
     Methamphetamine Awareness and Prevention Project, 
SD;
     Methamphetamine Awareness and Prevention Project, 
ND;
     Lincoln County, OR, methamphetamine initiative;
     Los Angeles, CA, methamphetamine program; and
     Manua Against Drugs (MAD), Methamphetamine 
Initiative.
    Law Enforcement Technologies and Interoperable 
Communications Program.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$120,000,000 for continued development of technologies and 
automated systems to assist State and local law enforcement 
agencies in investigating, responding to and preventing crimes, 
and gathering and analyzing information, and for the continued 
development of interoperable communications systems for State 
and local law enforcement entities. In particular, the 
Committee recognizes the importance that sharing information 
among State and local law enforcement agencies can have in 
preventing crimes and in identifying and apprehending 
criminals. The Department of Justice should continue the 
interoperable communications grant program to the maximum 
extent possible.
    In examining all grant applications under this program, the 
COPS Office is directed to ensure that proposals meet equipment 
standards adopted by the National Institute of Justice and the 
Bureau of Justice Assistance within the Office of Justice 
Programs, and the Office of Law Enforcement Standards within 
the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
    Within the amount provided, the Committee expects the COPS 
office to examine each of the following proposals, to provide 
grants if warranted, if each application complies with the 
direction provided above, and to submit a report to the 
Committee on its intentions for each proposal.
     New Roads, LA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Southside Virginia law enforcement agencies for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Lake County, IL, for law enforcement technologies;
     Northwest Chicago, IL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Peoria County, IL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Logan County, IL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Clarke County, VA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Fairfax County, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Fauquier County, VA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Fairfax, VA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Frederick County, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Leesburg, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Loudoun County, VA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Herndon, VA, Police Department for law enforcement 
technologies;
     City of Manassas, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Manassas Park, VA, Police Department for 
video equipment for police vehicles;
     Prince William County, VA, Police Department for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Warren County, VA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Winchester, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Winchester, VA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Statewide records management system for Virginia 
law enforcement;
     Integrated Criminal Justice Information System for 
the State of Virginia;
     Law enforcement communications planning in the 
State of Virginia;
     Law enforcement technologies for the Middle Rio 
Grande Border Region of Texas;
     Jacksonville, FL, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     San Diego County, CA, Sheriff's Department for 
automation infrastructure upgrades;
     City of Roseville, CA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Placer County, CA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Nevada County, CA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Sierra County, CA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Grass Valley, CA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Morris County, NJ, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Sussex County, NJ, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Somerset County, NJ, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     West Essex Portion of Essex County, NJ, Police 
Department for law enforcement technologies;
     Law enforcement technologies for Clark, Greene, 
Fayette, and Pickaway Counties, OH;
     Law enforcement technologies for the Ohio State 
Highway Patrol;
     Law enforcement technologies for the State of 
Oklahoma;
     Lanier County, GA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Oakland County, MI, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Law enforcement technologies for the City of 
Tucson, AZ, Police Department and Pima County, AZ, Police 
Department;
     Cochise County, AZ, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Midwest Forensics Resource Center, IA;
     Iowa State University for a cyber crime program;
     Howard County, IA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     San Bernardino County, CA, and Riverside County, 
CA, Sheriffs' Departments for a regional fingerprint 
identification project;
     East Valley Community Justice Center;
     City of San Bernardino, CA, Police Department for 
mobile data terminals;
     San Bernardino County, CA, for an electronic crime 
reporting system;
     Redlands, CA, Police Department for a crime 
mapping program;
     Louisville, KY, Metro Police Department for mobile 
data terminals;
     West Buechel, KY, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Stark County, OH, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Law enforcement technologies for Wyoming and 
Lackawanna, PA;
     Continued participation of Idaho in the Criminal 
Information Sharing Alliance Network;
     City of Hudson, NY, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Onondaga County, NY, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Syracuse, NY, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Electronic filing system for the Three Rivers 
Planning District, MS;
     Webb City, MO, for law enforcement technologies;
     Polk County, MO, for law enforcement technologies;
     Greene County, MO, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Jasper County, MO, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Berkeley County, WV, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Harpers Ferry, WV, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     In-Car Video Cameras in the State of West 
Virginia;
     Rancho Cucamonga, CA, for law enforcement 
technology testing and evaluation;
     Bartow County, GA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Kane County, IL, Sheriff's Office for for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Naperville and Aurora, IL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Klickitat County, WA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Pleasant Grove, AL, Police Department for 
a records management system;
     City of Arlington, TX, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Pasco County, FL, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Team Focus Mentoring and Education Program for at-
risk youth;
     Calcasieu Parish, LA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Hernando County, FL, for an integrated criminal 
history project;
     City of Denton, TX, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Corona, CA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Page County, VA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Automated Fingerprint Identification System for 
Delaware;
     City of Cincinnati, OH, Police Department for a 
records management system;
     City of Mishawaka, IN, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     San Angelo, TX, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of High Point, NC, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     West Pottsgrove Township, PA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Wilson Borough, PA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Northampton Borough, PA, Police Department, for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Fountain Hill, PA, Police Department, for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Emmaus Borough, PA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Child Abuse Center in Norfolk, VA;
     Norfolk, VA, Police Department for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Virginia Beach, VA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Accomack County, VA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Northampton, VA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Luverne, AL, Police Department for an 
automated fingerprint identification system;
     Florida Law Enforcement Consortium for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Borough of Flemington, NJ, Police Department for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Bridgewater, NJ, for law enforcement technologies;
     South Bound Brook, NJ, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Township of Branchburg, NJ, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Borough of Bound Brook, NJ, Police Department for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Bristol Township, PA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Hendry County, FL, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Chesapeake, VA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     City of Suffolk, VA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Chesterfield County, VA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Wight County, VA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Nebraska State Patrol for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Municipality of Fajardo, PR, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Municipality of San Sebastian, PR, for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Iredell County, NC, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     City of Glendale, AZ, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Ventura County, CA, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Sandusky County, OH, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Shenandoah County, VA, law enforcement 
technologies;
     Outagamie County, WI, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Hardee County, FL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Sarasota County, FL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Cabarrus County, NC, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Cumberland County and City of Fayeteville, NC, for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Mesa, AZ, Police Department for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Sevier County, TN, Sheriff's Department and the 
Sevierville, Gatlinburg, and Pigeon Forge, TN, Police 
Departments for law enforcement technologies;
     Jefferson Parish, LA, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Village of Bethany, IL, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     CriMNet in Minnesota;
     Russell Township, OH, Police Department for the 
Chagrin Valley Enforcement Group;
     County of Calaveras, CA, Sheriff's Department for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Technology enhancements for law enforcement 
agencies in Northwest Illinois;
     City of Brenham, TX, Police Department for mobile 
data terminals;
     Putnam County, FL, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Technology upgrades for law enforcement agencies 
in Macomb County, MI;
     City of Rancho Santa Margarita, CA, Police 
Department for law enforcement technologies;
     Kansas Bureau of Investigation for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Allegheny County, PA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     City of Monroe, NC, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Bosque Farms, NM, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Delaware County, IN, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     York, PA, Police Department for in-car video 
equipment;
     Contra Costa County, CA, for the ARIES Integrated 
Justice System;
     Columbus, OH, Police Department for in-car 
cameras;
     City of Sonora, CA, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     San Carlos Apache Tribe in Arizona law enforcement 
technologies;
     Wyoming County, NY, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Genesee/Finger Lakes region for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Lee County, AL, Sheriff's Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Key West, FL, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Neosho County, KS, for the Southeast Kansas 
regional in-car digital video project;
     Stamford, CT, for law enforcement technologies;
     Bedford County, PA, Police Department for law 
enforcement technologies;
     University of Connecticut for law enforcement 
technology research;
     Brick Township, NJ, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Manchester Township, NJ, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     City of Gainesville and Alachua County, FL, for 
law enforcement technologies;
     Kern County, CA, Sheriff's Department for mobile 
data terminals;
     San Luis Obispo County, CA, Sheriff's Department 
for law enforcement technologies;
     Kalamazoo, MI, Justice Integrated Information 
Management System;
     Umatilla County, OR, for a rural law enforcement 
technology project;
     Wasilla, AK, Police Department for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Kankakee County, IL, Sheriff's Office for law 
enforcement technologies;
     Bernalillo County, NM, for law enforcement 
technologies;
     Southeast Law Enforcement Center for law 
enforcement technologies;
     AMBERVIEW for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     In-Car Video Camera Initiative in WA;
     ALC for a law enforcement technology program;
     Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, MN, for a law 
enforcement technology program;
     Charlevoix-Cheboygan, MI, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Chippewa County, MI, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Madison County, MI, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Grimes County, TX, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     City of Madison, AL, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Somerdale Borough, NJ, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     North Courtland, AL, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Anderson, AL, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Decatur, AL, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Ohio County, WV, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     El Paso, TX, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Jasper County, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Colquitt County, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     City of Moutrie, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     City of Warwick, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Newton County, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     City of Poulan, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Monroe County, NY, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     City of Jonesboro, AR, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Crittenden County, AR, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Village of Hometown, IL, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Miller County, GA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Maplewood, MN, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Mounds View, MN, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     North Saint Paul, MN, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     White Bear Lake, MN, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Saint Paul Park, MN, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Milan, IL, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Borough of Oceanport, NJ, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Flat Rock, MI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Covina, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     West Covina, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Secaucus, NJ, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Edgewater, NJ, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Santa Monica, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Fremont, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Griffin, GA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     San Mateo County, CA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Island County, WA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Harrodsburg, KY, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Woodbridge Township, NJ, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Hudson County, NJ, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Bayonne, NJ, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Johnson County, KS, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Warren, RI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Providence, RI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     West Linn, OR, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Gladstone, OR, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     East Hazel Crest, IL, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Matteson, IL, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Solano County, CA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Westchester and Rockland Counties, NY, for a law 
enforcement technology program;
     Hennepin County, MN, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Lorain County, OH, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Montebello, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Novato, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Grand Junction, CO, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Southampton Village, NY, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Orange County and Hillsborough, NC, for a law 
enforcement technology program;
     Cary, NC, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Lucas County, OH, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     York County/Rock Hill, SC, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     City of Middletown, NY, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Vestal, NY, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Waterbury, CT, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Inglewood, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Gardena, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Curry County, OR, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Linn County, OR, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Brunswick County, NC, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Sandy City, UT, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Dallas, TX, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     North Worcester County, MA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Southwick, MA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Sumter County, SC, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Walterboro, SC, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Kitsap County, WA, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Tacoma, WA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Sun Prairie, WI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Columbus, WI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Prince George's County, MD, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Hammond, IN, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Gary, IN, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     County of San Bernardino, CA, for a law 
enforcement technology program;
     Ontario, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Fontana, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     East Chicago, IN, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Smithfield, RI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Downey, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Bell Gardens, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Prince George's County, MD, for law enforcement 
equipment;
     Stockton, CA, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     North Hempstead, NY, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Las Vegas, NV, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Anne Arundel County, MD, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Lexington, AL, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     County of Madison, AL, for a law enforcement 
technology program;
     Ogemaw, MI, for a law enforcement technology 
program;
     Phoenix, AZ, for technology to combat crime and 
terrorism;
     Rockledge Borough, PA, and New Hanover Township, 
PA, for law enforcement technology programs;
     Baltimore City Police Department, MD, for a law 
enforcement technology program; and
     Hillsborough, FL, for a law enforcement technology 
program.
    Bulletproof Vests.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$30,000,000 for continuation of the Bulletproof Vest program to 
assist State and local law enforcement in purchasing bullet and 
stab resistant vests. This level is $61,000 above the request 
and $5,334,000 above the current year. The recommendation 
includes bill language making $3,000,000 available for the 
testing and research related to bulletproof vests. The 
Committee is concerned that some State and local agencies may 
not be promptly distributing vests purchased with grant funds 
from this program. The Committee directs the Department to 
ensure that grantees distribute vests in a timely manner.
    Criminal History Record Upgrades.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $25,000,000 for the Criminal Records 
Upgrade program. This is an increase of $334,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 level and is $33,180,000 below the request. 
The goal of this program is to ensure that accurate records are 
available for use in law enforcement, including sex offender 
registry requirements, and to permit States to identify 
ineligible firearm purchasers, persons ineligible to hold 
positions involving children, the elderly, or the disabled, and 
persons subject to protective orders or wanted, arrested, or 
convicted of stalking and/or domestic violence. This program 
helps States build their infrastructure to connect to national 
record check systems both to supply information and to conduct 
the requisite checks.
    DNA Initiative.--The Committee recommendation is 
$177,057,000 for a DNA and forensics initiative, $68,526,000 
above the current year level and the same as the request.
    The recommendation fully funds the next investment to 
eliminate the DNA backlog in five years. The Committee 
recognizes that DNA technology will allow law enforcement to 
identify certain criminals quickly and accurately, solve 
additional crimes, especially violent crimes such as murder and 
rape, and identify persons mistakenly accused or convicted of 
crimes. Funds are available for the following activities: (1) 
reduce the backlog of DNA samples; (2) increase State and local 
lab capacity; (3) conduct research, development, 
demonstrations, and evaluations; (4) provide training and 
technical assistance; (5) identify missing persons and 
unidentified remains; and (6) test DNA after convictions.
    Anti-Gang Initiative.--The Committee recommends $60,000,000 
for a new anti-gang initiative modeled on the Project Safe 
Neighborhoods program. The Committee appreciates and supports 
the Attorney General's efforts to strengthen Department-wide 
efforts to combat gang violence and the appointment of an 
Assistant U.S. Attorney in each judicial district as an anti-
gang coordinator to prepare a comprehensive, district-wide 
strategy--in consultation with partners from Federal and local 
law enforcement, social services providers, and community and 
faith-based groups--to coordinate anti-gang activity. The 
recommendation includes $60,000,000 for grants to implement 
these strategies. The funding is intended to support additional 
enforcement and prevention activities.
    Offender Reentry.--The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for 
the law enforcement costs related to establishing offender 
reentry programs, which is $134,000 above the enacted level and 
$5,000,000 below the request. Offender reentry programs 
establish partnerships among institutional corrections, 
community corrections, faith-based organizations, social 
services programs, community policing groups, and civic leaders 
to prepare for the successful return of inmates to their home 
neighborhoods. The Committee is pleased that OJP is working in 
collaboration with the Departments of Labor, Health and Human 
Services, Housing and Urban Development, and Education in the 
execution of this program.
    Mentally-Ill Offenders.--The Committee is concerned about 
the effects of the criminal justice system on the mentally-ill. 
The Committee therefore encourages the Department of Justice, 
in consultation with other relevant Federal agencies, to 
develop training programs on mental health issues that affect 
the prosecution of cases, the operation of prisons and jails, 
and the reentry of offenders back into society.
    Management and Administration.--Bill language is included 
allowing management and administration costs to be paid through 
deobligated balances in the COPS account.

                       JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$333,712,000 for Juvenile Justice Programs for fiscal year 
2006. The budget request proposes to fund juvenile justice 
programs under the Justice Assistance heading. The Committee 
recommendation is $45,333,000 below the fiscal year 2005 level 
and $101,488,000 above the request for similar juvenile justice 
programs. The table below displays the Committee's 
recommendation compared to the levels requested under the 
Justice Assistance heading for the same programs.

                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   FY 2005         FY 2006\1\        FY 2006
                           Program                                 enacted          request       recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Part A--Concentration of Federal Efforts.....................           $2,960             $712             $712
Part B--State Formula........................................           82,878           93,947           83,000
Part C--Block Grants.........................................  ...............           43,060  ...............
Part D--Research and Development.............................            9,866           10,116  ...............
Part E--Demonstration Projects...............................          100,812            6,600           70,000
Title V--Incentive Grants....................................           78,931           32,265           80,000
    Tribal Youth.............................................          [9,866]  ...............         [10,000]
    Gang Prevention..........................................         [24,666]  ...............         [25,000]
    Alcohol Prevention.......................................         [24,666]  ...............         [25,000]
Juvenile Mentoring...........................................           14,800  ...............            5,000
Secure Our Schools Act.......................................           14,800  ...............           15,000
Victims of Child Abuse Programs..............................           14,800           11,774           15,000
Juvenile Accountability Block Grant..........................           54,265  ...............           60,000
Project Childsafe............................................            4,933           33,750            5,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total..................................................          379,045  ...............         333,712
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Some programs shown for display purposes only. They were in the budget request but under different account
  headings.

    The recommendation funds the juvenile delinquency 
prevention and accountability programs in accordance with 
Public Law 107-273, which reauthorizes the Juvenile Justice and 
Delinquency Prevention Act and the Juvenile Accountability 
Block Grant programs.
    Within the overall amounts recommended under Part E, OJP is 
directed to review the following proposals, provide a grant if 
warranted, and submit a report to the Committee on its 
intentions regarding:
     Southern Virginia Child Advocacy Center;
     Ulrich Children's Advantage Network;
     Illinois Institute for Addiction Recovery;
     Brevard Neighborhood Development Coalition;
     National Council of Juvenile and Family Court 
Judges;
     Boys and Girls Town, U.S.A.;
     Eisenhower Foundation;
     Hamilton Fish National Institute on School and 
Community Violence;
     World Vision;
     Learning for Life;
     Memorial Child Guidance Clinic's Child SAVE 
program;
     Virginia Attorney General's Office for Class 
Action and other educational programs in Virginia schools;
     Association of Christian Community Computer 
Centers;
     Metro Chicago Youth for Christ's Juvenile Justice 
program;
     Law-Related Education Program;
     IMPACT/Night Light program in San Bernardino 
County, CA;
     A Child Is Missing, AL;
     Phoenix House San Diego County, CA;
     Parents Anonymous;
     Stark County, OH, for a juvenile pre-trial 
services program;
     ACA-NY for an anti-drinking program for teenagers;
     Children's Advocacy Center in Hamilton County, TN;
     Delinquency prevention programs in Suncoast and 
Greater St. Petersburg, FL;
     Florida Venture Foundation Youthbuild Outreach;
     ARISE;
     Dupage County, IL, Children's Advocacy Center;
     Inner Harbor for Children and Families;
     Shelby County, AL, Children's Advocacy Center;
     New Hampshire Division for Juvenile Justice 
Services;
     Suffolk County, NY, for a Internet Crimes Against 
Children Prevention Program;
     Miami County, IN, Sheriff's Department for a law 
enforcement initiative;
     County of Culpeper, VA, for gang violence 
prevention;
     Youth Emergency Services in Gillette, WY;
     Residential Care Consortium in Easton, PA;
     Neighborhood First Program, Inc., in Pennsylvania;
     NYANA Young Adult Offender Reentry Program;
     Court Team in Allegheny County, PA;
     DuPage County, IL, Youth Mentoring Program;
     Klingberg Family Center for a delinquency 
prevention program;
     KidsPeace in Westchester/Rockland, NY;
     ACA of New York for an anti-gang program;
     Iowa Drug Endangered Children;
     A Child is Missing in Nevada;
     Minnesota Teen Challenge for at-risk youth;
     King County, WA, Sheriff's Office for a school 
resource officer program;
     Muckleshoot Tribe for gang reduction activities;
     A Child Is Missing in Michigan;
     University of Connecticut at-risk youth study;
     A Child is Missing in Florida;
     Boysville Inc. in San Antonio, TX, for delinquency 
prevention programs;
     Crossroad Children's Home in Fort Wayne, IN, for 
programs to help at-risk youth;
     A Child is Missing in Oklahoma;
     EXCEL Program for at-risk youth;
     Indianapolis, IN, KidsPeace program for at-risk 
youth;
     Alianza Dominicana's Youth Development Programs 
for at-risk youth;
     M.L. Wilson Club of Harlem program for at-risk 
youth;
     Community Outreach and Development Efforts Save 
(CODES)--youth delinquency & violence prevention program;
     The Hispanic Committee of Virginia at-risk youth 
program;
     The Partnership for Youth programs for at-risk 
youth;
     The Roundabout Theatre, programs for at-risk 
youth;
     Armory Foundation's Program for at-risk youth;
     East New York Youth Entrepreneurship Program for 
at-risk youth;
     Brooklyn Community Engagement Program for at-risk 
youth;
     Brooklyn, NY, Benjamin Banneker at-risk youth 
program;
     New Heights Employment Development Center for 
Disconnected Youth;
     Detroit, MI, Citizens and Youth Academies program 
for at-risk youth;
     Wayne County, MI, Juvenile Mentoring Program;
     Texas A & M, Juvenile Justice Program;
     GALA program for at-risk youth in Washington, DC;
     Bloomfield School District Security Upgrades;
     Camden County, NJ, Collaborative Drug Intervention 
Committees;
     City of Huntsville, AL, Police Department After-
School Gang Intervention Program;
     Washington, D.C. KidsPeace program for at-risk 
youth;
     GRADS Foundation, NY, programs for ``high-risk'' 
disadvantaged sixth, seventh and eighth graders;
     City Parks Foundation, NY, program for at-risk 
youth;
     Karamu House After-School Program for At-Risk 
Children, OH;
     Center for Families and Children, program for at-
risk youth;
     Richmond, VA, ``No Workshops No Jump Shots'' 
program for at-risk youth;
     Peninsula Marine Institute program for at-risk 
youth;
     Anahuak Youth Association program for at-risk 
youth;
     AITP program for at-risk youth;
     South Los Angeles, CA, B.T. program for at-risk 
youth;
     Hollywood, CA, B.T. program for at-risk youth;
     Ramona Hall Community Center program for at-risk 
youth;
     Exodus Urban Academy program for at-risk youth;
     P.F. Bersee Foundation program for low-income 
students and at-risk youth;
     Soledad Enrichment Action program for at-risk 
youth;
     SIPA of CA program for at-risk youth;
     Essex County, MA, Sheriff's Department, Education 
on the effects of Heroin and OxyContin;
     City of Lynn/North Shore Community College Gang 
Prevention Initiative, MA;
     San Fernando Valley, CA, underage drinking and 
delinquency prevention program;
     University Settlement for a program for at-risk 
youth, NY;
     North Brooklyn YMCA Youth Park Empowerment 
Project, program for at-risk youth;
     Mayor Thomas P. Ryan Community Center program for 
at-risk youth;
     Southwestern Georgia Judicial Circuit Court 
Appointed Special Advocates;
     Ft. Gaines, GA, Teen Center programs for at-risk 
youth;
     Urban League of Columbus, GA, Youth Advocacy 
Program for at-risk youth;
     James Barnes Community Development teen drug 
prevention and mentoring;
     Albany, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Colquitt County, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Sumter County, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Bainbridge, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Thomasville, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Georgetown, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Valdosta, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Honolulu, HI, Youth Services Center for at-risk 
youth;
     Project Success of Decatur and Macon County, IL, 
program for at-risk youth;
     Rock Island County, IL, Council on Addiction Youth 
Mentoring Program;
     School of International Training for At-risk Youth 
Crime Prevention Programs;
     Vermont youth crime prevention programs;
     Burbank, CA, high school violence prevention 
program;
     Pasadena, CA, drug-free activities for at-risk 
youth;
     Pasadena, CA, program for at-risk youth;
     Hillside Altadena Family Center, CA, leadership 
program for at-risk youth;
     Crisp County, GA, program for at-risk youth;
     Des Moines, IA, Creative Visions program for at-
risk youth;
     Des Moines, IA, Urban Dreams rehabilitative 
support for at-risk youth;
     Des Moines, IA, Rock in Prevention program for at-
risk youth;
     Monmouth County, NJ, Child Advocacy Center program 
for at-risk youth;
     2nd Floor Youth Helpline/180 Turning Lives Around 
program for at-risk youth;
     Pulaski County, AR, at-risk children and youth 
services program;
     Pulaski County, AR, Juvenile Services Step One 
Alternative/Day School;
     Baltimore, MD, ``Teens Night In'' program for at-
risk youth;
     New Jersey Police Athletic League after school 
program for at-risk youth;
     Wired Kids Teen Angels Program for at-risk youth;
     Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Center, TX, 
program for at-risk youth;
     Santa Monica, CA, outreach efforts to prevent gang 
violence;
     Maine Juvenile Drug Treatment Court program for 
at-risk youth;
     Warren, OH, for at-risk high school students;
     New Hoboken Community Center, NJ, equipment and 
programs for at-risk youth;
     Woonsocket, RI, programs for at-risk youth;
     Town of Tiverton, RI, programs for at-risk youth;
     Rhode Island Family Court for a mental health 
court for at-risk youth;
     Ifetayo Youth Development Program for at-risk 
youth;
     Chicago, IL, ``Safe Zone'' program for at-risk 
youth;
     Harvey, IL, programs for at-risk youth;
     Chicago, IL, Sullivan House programs for at-risk 
youth;
     Sauk Village, IL, summer youth programs for at-
risk youth;
     County of Santa Clara, CA, Juvenile Detention 
Reform Initiative;
     New Mexico Department of Children, Youth and 
Families Reducing Recidivism program;
     Youth Crime Watch, FL;
     Juvenile Justice Education Model Study, FL;
     City Year Chicago, IL, Young Heroes Program for 
at-risk youth;
     Chicago, IL, Parent's and Children Together 
(PACT);
     Visitation Valley and Mission District Safe 
Streets Project youth violence prevention;
     San Francisco City, CA, Attorney's Family 
Reunification Program for Neglected Children;
     Carver Center Teen Outreach Program, program for 
at-risk youth;
     Western Massachusetts Phoenix House Treatment 
Continuum program for at-risk youth;
     Chicago, IL, Life Directions program for at-risk 
youth;
     Oakland, CA, Martin Luther King, Jr. Freedom 
Center for youth violence prevention;
     Oakland, CA, mentoring center program for at-risk 
youth;
     Gilroy, CA, Gang Task Force Youth Center;
     Worcester, MA, TechMission program for at-risk 
youth;
     South Bronx Community Center program for at-risk 
youth;
     Mount Hope, NY, Project READY program for at-risk 
youth;
     Highbridge Voices, NY, program for at-risk youth;
     Youth Leadership Project program for at-risk 
youth;
     Mary Mitchell Family and Youth Center program for 
at-risk youth;
     The Point Community Development Corporation 
program for at-risk youth;
     Youth Ministries for Peace and Justice program for 
at-risk youth;
     El Museo del Barrio's Educational Programs for at-
risk youth;
     Sistas and Brothas United program for at-risk 
youth;
     City Parks Foundation Bronx programs for at-risk 
youth;
     BMA programs for at-risk youth;
     Latino Pastoral Action Center program for at-risk 
youth;
     SFI program for at-risk youth;
     Casita Maria programs for at-risk youth in the 
Bronx, NY;
     Bronx, NY, Cluster Delinquency Prevention 
Services;
     Eastern Baptist Association Youth Development 
Initiative, for at-risk youth;
     Hispanic Brotherhood of Rockville Center, Inc. 
program for at-risk youth;
     Roosevelt, NY, Nassau County Police Athletic 
League;
     Hempstead, NY, Operation Get Ahead program for at-
risk youth;
     Chatham County, NC, Partnership for Children's 
Safe Start Demonstration Project;
     Prospect Park Alliance program for at-risk youth;
     Central Brooklyn Martin Luther King Commission--
Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Program;
     BAM Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention 
Program;
     Weeksville Society Juvenile Justice Delinquency 
Prevention Program;
     North Carolina Mentoring Program;
     San Antonio Initiative program for at-risk youth;
     Dutchess County, NY, for an at-risk youth program;
     Kingston-Newburgh, NY, Enterprise Corporation's 
Youth at Risk Program;
     Poughkeepsie--Bardavon, NY, at-risk youth program;
     Texas A & M Corpus Christi Adjudicated Youth 
Program;
     La Esperanza Home for Boys, TX, at-risk youth 
program;
     Public Allies Leadership Development and Community 
Apprenticeship Program for at-risk youth;
     Amistad program for at-risk youth;
     Maryland Regional Gang Initiative;
     Devonshire, CA Area PALS Youth Community Center;
     Ohel At-Risk Youth and Child Abuse Prevention 
Program;
     Intercept's Drug Prevention Program for At-Risk 
Youth;
     Suffolk University School of Law Juvenile Justice 
Center;
     Los Angeles, CA, Phoenix Academy program for at-
risk youth;
     Lake Waccamaw, NC, program for at-risk youth;
     North Flint & Beecher, MI, program for at-risk 
youth;
     Granite School District, UT, program for at-risk 
youth;
     Boston, MA, Victory Generation Program for at-risk 
youth;
     Union County College, NJ, College for Teens 
program for at-risk youth;
     Dauphin County, PA, program for at-risk youth;
     Messiah College, PA, Harrisburg Institute--``Youth 
Empowerment Initiative'' program for at-risk youth;
     REP program for at-risk youth;
     FSSA program for at-risk youth;
     The Fortune Society program for at-risk youth;
     North Quabbin, MA, program for at-risk youth;
     Kennedy Krieger Institute, MD, program for at-risk 
youth;
     Florence Crittenton of South Carolina program for 
at-risk youth;
     Darkness to Light, SC, program for at-risk youth;
     St. Raymond, NY, program for at-risk youth;
     Langston Hughes Library programs for at-risk 
youth, NY;
     Latin Technologies, NY, program for at-risk youth;
     Saving Teens in Crisis Collaborative;
     Washington State program for at-risk youth;
     Gary, IN, ``No Workshops No Jumpshots'' program 
for at-risk youth;
     San Bernardino County Youth Violence Prevention 
Program;
     Colton, CA, PAL Program;
     L.A.'s at risk youth program;
     Van Nuys, CA, Volunteer Center program for at-risk 
youth;
     California--training equipment for a program for 
at-risk youth;
     Los Angeles, CA, anti-gang initiative;
     Long Beach, CA, youth gang prevention;
     Operation Quality Time program for at-risk youth;
     Columbus, GA, Junior Marshal's Program for at-risk 
youth;
     Suffolk County, NY, Internet Crimes Against 
Children Prevention Program;
     Miami Beach, FL, Police Department Summertime Gang 
and Drug Prevention;
     College Opportunity Resources for Education 
Initiative program for at-risk youth;
     Connection Juvenile Reentry Program;
     Orange County, FL, program for at-risk youth;
     West Alabama Youth Violence Initiative;
     Northwest Austin Council's Exodus to Excellence 
Mentoring Program;
     Early Childhood Policy Center program for at-risk 
youth;
     Jesuit Academy's program for at-risk youth;
     Northwest Alabama Children's Advocacy Center;
     Long Island, NY, program for at-risk youth;
     Assumption Parish, LA, Safe School program for at-
risk youth;
     Camp Hope for victims of family violence, child 
abuse and at-risk youth; and
     Santa Clara County PALS program for at-risk youth.
    Gang Prevention.--The recommendation includes $25,000,000, 
within Title V grants, for OJP to administer a gang resistance 
and education program, known as GREAT. The GREAT program is a 
school-based, law enforcement officer-instructed classroom 
curriculum. The program's primary objective is prevention and 
is intended as an immunization against delinquency, youth 
violence, and gang membership. The Committee supports the work 
of this program as part of an integrated anti-gang strategy of 
prevention, enforcement, and interdiction. These funds shall be 
available to develop comprehensive community strategies to 
address gangs, including anti-gang education programs and 
coordination with Federal, State and local law enforcement.
    Secure Our Schools Act.--The recommendation includes 
$15,000,000 for expenses authorized by the Secure Our Schools 
Act (Public Law 106-386), such as metal detectors, locks, 
lighting and other deterrent measures; security assessments; 
security training of personnel and students; and coordination 
with local law enforcement. This amount is $15,000,000 above 
the request and $200,000 above the current level.
    Juvenile Accountability Block Grants.--The recommendation 
provides $60,000,000 for the Juvenile Accountability Block 
Grants program, which is $5,735,000 above the enacted level and 
$60,000,000 above the request. The funds provided in the this 
program are available for the following purposes:
          (1) developing, implementing, and administering 
        graduated sanctions for juvenile offenders;
          (2) building, expanding, renovating, or operating 
        temporary or permanent juvenile correction, detention, 
        or community corrections facilities;
          (3) hiring juvenile court judges, probation officers, 
        and court-appointed defenders and special advocates, 
        and funding pretrial services (including mental health 
        screening and assessment) for juvenile offenders, to 
        promote the effective and expeditious administration of 
        the juvenile justice system;
          (4) hiring additional prosecutors, so that more cases 
        involving violent juvenile offenders can be prosecuted 
        and case backlogs reduced;
          (5) providing funding to enable prosecutors to 
        address drug, gang, and youth violence problems more 
        effectively and for technology, equipment, and training 
        to assist prosecutors in identifying and expediting the 
        prosecution of violent juvenile offenders;
          (6) establishing and maintaining training programs 
        for law enforcement and other court personnel with 
        respect to preventing and controlling juvenile crime;
          (7) establishing juvenile gun courts for the 
        prosecution and adjudication of juvenile firearms 
        offenders;
          (8) establishing drug court programs for juvenile 
        offenders that provide continuing judicial supervision 
        over juvenile offenders with substance abuse problems 
        and the integrated administration of other sanctions 
        and services for such offenders;
          (9) establishing and maintaining a system of juvenile 
        records designed to promote public safety;
          (10) establishing and maintaining interagency 
        information-sharing programs that enable the juvenile 
        and criminal justice systems, schools, and social 
        services agencies to make more informed decisions 
        regarding the early identification, control, 
        supervision, and treatment of juveniles who repeatedly 
        commit serious delinquent or criminal acts;
          (11) establishing and maintaining accountability-
        based programs designed to reduce recidivism among 
        juveniles who are referred by law enforcement personnel 
        or agencies;
          (12) establishing and maintaining programs to conduct 
        risk and need assessments of juvenile offenders that 
        facilitate the effective early intervention and the 
        provision of comprehensive services, including mental 
        health screening and treatment and substance abuse 
        testing and treatment to such offenders;
          (13) establishing and maintaining accountability-
        based programs that are designed to enhance school 
        safety;
          (14) establishing and maintaining restorative justice 
        programs;
          (15) establishing and maintaining programs to enable 
        juvenile courts and juvenile probation officers to be 
        more effective and efficient in holding juvenile 
        offenders accountable and reducing recidivism; or
          (16) hiring detention and corrections personnel, and 
        establishing and maintaining training programs for such 
        personnel to improve facility practices and 
        programming.
    Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws.--In order to address the 
problem of alcohol abuse by minors and the accessibility of 
alcohol to minors, the Committee recommends $25,000,000 to 
assist States to develop comprehensive and coordinated 
initiatives to enforce State laws that prohibit the sale or 
consumption of alcoholic beverages to minors. This amount is 
$334,000 above the enacted level and $25,000,000 above the 
request.
    Victims of Child Abuse Act.--The Committee recommends a 
total of $15,000,000 for the various programs authorized under 
the Victims of Child Abuse Act (VOCA), which is $200,000 above 
the enacted level and $3,226,000 above the request. The 
Committee expects OJP to allocate the funds as follows:
           $3,000,000 for Regional Children's Advocacy 
        Centers, as authorized by section 213 of VOCA;
           $9,500,000 for local Children's Advocacy 
        Centers, as authorized by section 214 of VOCA;
           $250,000 for the National Children's 
        Advocacy Center in Huntsville, AL, to implement a 
        training program;
           $850,000 for the National Children's 
        Alliance for technical assistance and training, as 
        authorized by section 214a of VOCA; and
           $1,400,000 for the National Center for 
        Prosecution of Child Abuse for specialized technical 
        assistance and training programs to improve the 
        prosecution of child abuse cases, as authorized by 
        section 214a of VOCA.

                    PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS BENEFITS

    The Committee recommendation provides a total of 
$72,948,000 for the Public Safety Officers Benefits program, 
the amount requested for these programs. The budget proposed to 
consolidate these programs under the Justice Assistance 
heading. The recommendation includes $64,000,000, which is the 
Congressional Budget Office's estimate for death benefits to 
eligible survivors of Federal, State, and local public safety 
officers whose death was the direct and proximate result of 
traumatic injury sustained in the line of duty. This program is 
considered mandatory for scorekeeping purposes.
    The recommendation also includes $4,064,000 for the Public 
Safety Officers Educational Assistance Program and $4,884,000 
for disability benefits for fiscal year 2006.

               General Provisions--Department of Justice

    The Committee has included the following general provisions 
for the Department of Justice in this bill:
    Section 101 continues language, which makes up to $60,000 
of the funds appropriated to the Department of Justice 
available to the Attorney General for reception and 
representation expenses, as requested.
    Section 102 provides language, included in previous 
Appropriations Acts, which prohibits the use of funds to 
perform abortions in the Federal Prison System.
    Section 103 provides language, included in previous 
Appropriations Acts, which prohibits use of the funds in this 
bill to require any person to perform, or facilitate the 
performance of, an abortion.
    Section 104 provides language, included in previous 
Appropriations Acts, which states that nothing in the previous 
section removes the obligation of the Director of the Bureau of 
Prisons to provide escort services to female inmates who seek 
to obtain abortions outside a Federal facility.
    Section 105 provides requested language, modified from the 
previous year, allowing the Department of Justice, subject to 
the Committee's reprogramming procedures, to transfer up to 5 
percent between any appropriation, but limits to 10 percent the 
amount that can be transferred into any one appropriation.
    Section 106 provides for the extension of the Personnel 
Management Demonstration Project for certain positions of the 
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, as 
requested.
    Section 107 continues language prohibiting the Drug 
Enforcement Administration from establishing procurement quotas 
in certain circumstances.
    Section 108 continues language providing for the 
establishment of procurement quotas for certain drugs following 
the approval of a new drug application.
    Section 109 continues language extending section 102(b) of 
Public Law 102-395 to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms 
and Explosives, as requested.
    Section 110 provides language regarding the application of 
reprogramming procedures for e-government initiatives.
    Section 111 continues language prohibiting funds from being 
used to transport prisoners classified as a maximum or high 
security prisoner to a facility other than a prison or other 
facility certified by the Federal Bureau of Prisons as 
appropriately secure for housing such a prisoner.
    Section 112 continues language concerning the prohibition 
of certain prisoner amenities.

         TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND RELATED AGENCIES

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$5,825,734,000 in general purpose discretionary funds for the 
programs of the United States Trade Representative, the 
International Trade Commission and the Department of Commerce 
for fiscal year 2006, $831,470,000 below the current year 
level, including supplemental appropriations. The recommended 
level is $21,345,000 below the request, excluding the 
$3,710,000,000 requested for the Strengthening America's 
Communities grant program.

                  Trade and Infrastructure Development


                            RELATED AGENCIES


            Office of the United States Trade Representative


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $44,779,000 for the 
Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) for 
fiscal year 2006, which is $3,782,000 above the current year 
and $6,000,000 above the request.
    The Committee remains concerned that the United States 
trade deficit with other nations continues to rise. In 2004, 
the United States imported $162 billion more in goods and 
services from the People's Republic of China (PRC) than the PRC 
imported in goods and services from the United States, an 
increase of thirty-one percent from 2003. The Committee urges 
the USTR to take action to ensure countries, including China, 
are fulfilling their commitments to the World Trade 
Organization (WTO), including the safeguards delineated under 
the Trade Act of 1974, including Sections 301 and 421, to 
address the disruptions resulting from unbalanced trade with 
the PRC.
    Inadequate Budget Requests.--The Committee notes that the 
fiscal year 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006 budget requests were, 
and are insufficient to meet the operational requirements of 
the Office. In the current year, the Committee provided an 
additional $1,445,000 above the request for the operations of 
the Office, and still the Office was forced to eliminate or 
postpone basic operational requirements due to insufficient 
funds. Given the expansive trade agenda of the United States, 
the Committee recommendation provides an additional $6,000,000 
or 15.4 percent over the request, and 9 percent over the 
current year to maintain current operations of the Office and 
to pay for the increased costs of ongoing and future trade 
negotiations and expanded enforcement efforts. The Committee 
expects the USTR to ensure resources requested in the fiscal 
year 2007 request are sufficient to cover the operations of the 
USTR.
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).--Pirating and 
counterfeiting has grown to an estimated $200 billion a year 
problem and the theft of artistic and scientific creation is 
draining our economy. The Committee notes the United States has 
not yet taken an intellectual property rights enforcement case 
to the WTO against its trading partners to stem the 
hemorrhaging of U.S. intellectual property. Further, in the 
current year, the Committee included bill language establishing 
a position of Chief Negotiator for Intellectual Property 
Enforcement. The Committee is dismayed that this position 
remains vacant in light of the magnitude of the problem. The 
Committee expects the USTR to expeditiously fill this position.
    Further, the Committee provides additional resources to 
supplement the current IPR office of four positions to meet the 
many demands of the office including negotiating at the World 
Trade Organization's Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual 
Property Rights (TRIPS) Council, negotiating new agreements, 
monitoring implementation of the TRIPS and free trade 
agreements, managing the Special 301 process, coordinating the 
STOP initiative, and maintaining outreach to industry. The 
Committee expects the USTR to add no less than an additional 
four positions to this office to address the increase in 
workload associated with expanded enforcement capabilities.
    At the 15th plenary session of the U.S.-China Joint 
Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT), on April 21, 2004, the 
Chinese presented an action plan designed to address the piracy 
and counterfeiting of American ideas and innovations to include 
significantly reducing IPR infringement levels and increasing 
penalties for IPR violations. The Committee expects to be kept 
apprised of any such actions taken by the Chinese to counter 
IPR infringements.
    The Committee remains supportive of the Strategy Targeting 
Organized Piracy (STOP) initiative designed to fight against 
the billions of dollars in global trade in pirated and 
counterfeit goods that cheat American innovators and 
manufacturers, hurt the U.S. economy, and endanger consumers 
worldwide.
    Reporting Requirements.--The Committee directs the USTR to 
provide a report to the Committee detailing spending plans for 
all funding provided under this heading. This report should 
display personnel costs, travel expenses and overhead costs for 
the Washington, D.C., facility, overhead costs associated with 
USTR presence in Geneva, Switzerland, and the costs associated 
with ensuring greater transparency including the timely 
publication of reports and trade agreements. Further, this 
report should identify costs associated with each programmatic 
office as outlined in the 2005 organizational chart. This 
report and spending plan should be provided to the Committee no 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act. Further, 
the Committee expects this plan to be updated to reflect the 
obligation of funds on a monthly basis, beginning with the 
second quarter of fiscal year 2006 and presented to the 
Committee on a monthly basis. The Committee reminds the USTR of 
the requirements set forth under section 605 of this Act.
    It has been brought to the Committee's attention that the 
USTR may fare better in bringing trade dispute cases to the 
World Trade Organization by using additional support from 
private counsel. In-house expertise in long-term, complex WTO 
dispute cases is difficult to maintain in an ever-changing 
international trade climate. Outside counsel in countries such 
as China, Russia, and Brazil could assist with clarification of 
local laws and regulations, enforcement policies and practices, 
and market conditions. The Committee directs the USTR to report 
back to the Committee on the desirability of such a new 
authority.
    International Standards.--The Committee directs the USTR to 
ensure that U.S. business interests are fully represented in 
international standards negotiations. The Committee directs the 
USTR to collaborate with the Department of Commerce, including 
the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and 
the State Department to reduce trade barriers to U.S. exports. 
The Committee continues its direction to the USTR to ensure 
U.S. standards are adopted in international negotiations.
    The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) is 
responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international 
trade, commodity, and direct investment policy, and overseeing 
negotiations on these topics with other countries. The head of 
USTR is the U.S. Trade Representative, a Cabinet member who 
serves as the President's principal trade advisor, negotiator, 
and spokesperson on trade issues.
    USTR is part of the Executive Office of the President. 
Through an interagency structure, USTR coordinates trade 
policy, resolves disagreements, and frames issues for 
presidential decision. USTR also serves as vice chairman of the 
Overseas Private Investment Corporation, is a non-voting member 
of the Export-Import Bank, and a member of the National 
Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial 
Policies.

                     International Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $62,752,000 for the International 
Trade Commission (ITC) for fiscal year 2006, which is 
$1,876,000 above the amount provided in the current year and 
$2,526,000 below the request. The ITC re-examined its workload 
forecasts and has determined requirements are significantly 
less that the levels included in President's Request. The 
Committee recommendation reflects this change in workload.
    The Committee directs the Commission to provide a spending 
plan for all funding provided under this heading. Further, the 
Committee expects this plan to be updated to reflect the 
obligation of funds on a monthly basis, beginning with the 
second quarter of fiscal year 2006. The Committee reminds the 
Commission of the requirements set forth under section 605 of 
this Act.
    The International Trade Commission is an independent, 
quasi-judicial agency responsible for conducting trade-related 
investigations; providing the Congress and the President with 
independent, expert technical advice to assist in the 
development and implementation of U.S. international trade 
policy; responding to the Congress and the President on various 
matters affecting international trade; maintaining the 
Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System of 
internationally accepted product nomenclature; providing 
technical assistance to eligible small businesses seeking 
remedies and benefits under the trade laws; and performing 
other specific statutory responsibilities ranging from research 
and analysis to quasi-judicial functions on trade-related 
matters.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


                   International Trade Administration


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommendation includes $406,925,000 in total 
resources for the programs of the International Trade 
Administration (ITA) for fiscal year 2006, which is $10,668,000 
above the current year level and $2,000,000 below the request. 
Of the amounts provided, $13,000,000 is to be derived from fee 
collections.
    The mission of the ITA is to create economic opportunity 
for U.S. workers and firms by promoting international trade, 
opening foreign markets, ensuring compliance with trade laws 
and agreements, and supporting U.S. commercial interests at 
home and abroad.
    The Committee understands the difficulties of attempting to 
balance both the positive and the negative effects of a free 
trade agenda. The Committee is steadfast in its support of 
America's trade policy to create growth and raise living 
standards around the globe, and in return to increase the 
benefits to U.S. workers, farmers, consumers, and businesses. 
Yet, the U.S. Government must uphold its responsibility to 
enforce trade laws, particularly with China. If trading 
partners do not abide by the rules that are set in the global 
trading system, then U.S. firms are not competing on a level 
playing field.
    Reorganization.--The Committee notes the reluctance of the 
Department to take an aggressive and dynamic approach to 
implementing the Committee's direction to complete the 
reorganization of the ITA included in the Committee's Fiscal 
Year 2004 conference report. The Committee chose to reorganize 
the agency after receiving numerous complaints from small and 
medium-sized manufacturers and growers alleging that ITA 
actions, particularly with regard to the People's Republic of 
China (PRC), have been detrimental to American business 
interests. The Committee notes that the agency had not 
undergone any such reorganization in nearly twenty years, when 
the U.S. trade deficit with other nations was $19.4 billion, 
compared to $618 billion in fiscal year 2004. Therefore, the 
Committee expects this reorganization to be carried out 
expeditiously and the newly created positions to be filled as 
soon as possible.
    The United States government has an obligation to ensure 
that American companies are not forced to compete with foreign 
companies that are engaged in unfair trading practices.
    American Trading Centers.--Manufacturing and service 
industries need assistance to export their goods and services 
to China. The Committee continues to believe that additional 
resources are required to aggressively promote U.S. exports in 
China and enforce the commitments made as part of the China's 
WTO accession agreement. The Committee, after consultation with 
industry and the ITA, has determined that a rapid increase in 
export promotion to China is necessary. The creation of 
American Trading Centers in major Chinese commercial centers is 
one way to improve export promotion. These centers will enable 
U.S. exporters to receive assistance while in the country and 
provide on-the-ground expertise, including market research 
capabilities. The Committee continues its support of the 
American Trading Centers initiative. The Committee directs the 
ITA to submit a status report on the Department's efforts to 
expand American Trading Centers, consistent with the 
interagency overseas presence review process, by no later than 
90 days after the enactment of this Act.
    Import Administration.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $62,134,000 for the Import Administration unit. Since 
1997, the Committee has increased funding for the Import 
Administration (IA) by more than 70 percent to enforce anti-
dumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duty laws. Yet, the number 
of AD/CV investigations conducted by the Import Administration 
has decreased significantly. For example, in 2001 the IA 
conducted 95 AD/CV investigations, of which a total of 35 
investigations, or 37 percent of the total number of 
investigations, were related to steel imports. In 2002, ITA 
conducted 38 investigations, in 2003 a total of 20 
investigations, and in 2004 a total of 29 investigations. The 
Committee notes that IA has conducted a total of 25 
investigations through the second quarter of 2005 and expects 
that this reflects a commitment to increasing ITA actions in 
this area.
    Office of China Compliance.--In the FY 2005 Appropriations 
Act, the Committee included language requiring the ITA to 
create an Office of China Compliance to specifically focus on 
issues affecting small- and medium-sized businesses. The 
Committee continues language designating $3,000,000 for this 
Office. The Committee understands the ITA has determined that 
this office should encompass all nations designated as non-
market economies. The Committee directs that China remain the 
primary focus of resources and attention of the Office. The 
Committee reminds the Department that this Office was created 
to specialize in AD cases involving China, with special 
attention on small- and medium-sized domestic businesses. The 
Office should consist of experienced investigators, 
accountants, trade analysts, and technical experts to 
aggressively investigate AD cases. The Committee expects to be 
notified of any impediments to hiring or retaining this 
expertise.
    The Committee directs the Department to report to the 
Committee, no later than February 15, 2006, the number of new 
IA investigations or administrative reviews of existing dumping 
orders resulting in a finding of zero dumping margin, by 
importer.
    Policy and Negotiations.--The Committee continues its 
direction to the IA to analyze market trends in order to 
anticipate unfair trade practices and consult with foreign 
governments to pre-empt the requirement for an unfair trade 
case, whenever practicable. The Committee understands that to 
date the IA has yet to perform such a trend analysis. Further, 
the Committee continues its direction to the ITA to self-
initiate investigations, and report back to the Committee no 
later than September 15, 2005, on the number and descriptions 
of cases the Department has self-initiated.
    Tracking of Inquiries from Small- and Medium-sized 
Companies.--The Committee directs the Department to track all 
inquiries the Department has received from small- and medium-
sized businesses seeking assistance with enforcement of the AD 
laws against imports, including imports from China and India, 
and the resulting actions by the Department on such inquiries. 
The Committee directed the Department, in the FY 2005 
conference report, to begin tracking this information no later 
than 30 days after enactment of the Act. Therefore, the 
Committee expects the Department to report back to the 
Committee no later than November 15, 2006, on the Department's 
efforts.
    Market Access and Compliance.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $39,815,000 for this purpose. The Committee continues 
to support the efforts of the ITA to aggressively enforce trade 
agreements.
    Right-sizing Overseas Presence.--Further, the Committee 
directs the ITA to provide a detailed report to the Committee 
on the right-sizing methodology followed to determine the 
appropriate size and location of the Bureau's overseas presence 
anticipated for the next five to ten years. The Committee 
expects priority regions of assistance to be in the most 
productive markets for our U.S. companies. The Committee 
expects this plan to be submitted to the Committee, no later 
than 90 days after the enactment of this Act.
    Executive Direction/Administration.--The Committee 
recommendation includes $25,820,000 for the administrative and 
policy functions of ITA.
    In addition, language is included in the bill designating 
the amounts available for each unit within ITA. In addition, 
ITA is directed to submit to the Committee, not later than 60 
days after the enactment of this Act, a spending plan for all 
ITA units that incorporates any carryover balances from prior 
fiscal years. Further, beginning with the second quarter, the 
Committee expects this plan to be updated to reflect the 
obligation of funds on a monthly basis.
    Human Rights Training.--The advancement of human rights and 
the development of economies are not mutually exclusive goals. 
The Committee applauds efforts made by the ITA to promote human 
rights, including expanding the human rights training program 
launched in fiscal year 2003. The Committee continues funding 
of $500,000 to ensure that, when counseling U.S. businesses on 
market conditions within a particular country, employees must 
include information on human rights in addition to information 
on rule of law issues and corporate responsibility. Further, 
the Committee continues to direct ITA to provide to the 
Committee quarterly reports on the progress of the human rights 
training program.
    United States and Foreign Commercial Service (US&FCS;).--The 
Committee recommendation includes $231,722,000 for the United 
States and Foreign Commercial Service. The Committee continues 
its direction to the United States and Foreign Commercial 
Service to be aggressive in its efforts to expand the number 
and value of U.S. exports.
    Trade Missions.--The Committee continues its direction that 
all trade missions involving Department of Commerce agencies 
must be initiated, coordinated and administered through the 
ITA.
    International Standards.--The Committee directs the 
Department to increase efforts to ensure that U.S. business 
interests are represented in international standards 
negotiations and to collaborate with NIST, the USTR, and the 
State Department on innovative ways to reduce trade barriers to 
U.S. business exports to ensure U.S. standards are adopted in 
international negotiations.
    Travel Expenditures.--The Committee directs the Department 
to increase the number of investigative teams traveling to 
China and India, the sources of most trade complaints, to 
verify documentation of information provided by foreign 
companies. The recommendation provides sufficient resources for 
this purpose and expects the Department to submit quarterly 
reports to the Committee regarding the ITA's travel 
expenditures, including separate breakouts of funding, number 
of trips, and the purposes of travel to both China and India.
    Capital Security Cost Sharing Program.--The Committee 
remains steadfast in its support of U.S. government-wide 
efforts to ensure personnel assigned overseas in American 
embassies and consulates remain safe. After the 1998 bombings 
of two U.S. embassies in East Africa, the U.S. Congress enacted 
the Secure Embassy Construction and Counterterrorism Act of 
1999 to require the State Department to improve physical 
security overseas and replace embassies that did not meet the 
certain security standards. To accelerate this effort, in 1999, 
the State Department launched a security upgrade and 
construction program to begin addressing requirements in more 
than 260 embassies and consulates. In 2005, the Congress and 
the Administration codified the Capital Security Cost Sharing 
Program initiative to require all Federal agencies with staff 
overseas to contribute annually towards construction of the new 
facilities based on the number of positions and the type of 
space occupied. This initiative is a major component of the 
President's Management Agenda initiative on Right-sizing, as 
well as the Committee's significant focus to ensure that 
agencies assess the real cost of maintaining staff overseas, 
and adjust overseas staffing levels to the highest priority 
overseas programs. Currently, the International Trade 
Administration has 181 offices in 80 countries around the 
world.
    The recommendation continues funding for an international 
competitiveness program, and two textile-related programs. 
Further, the Committee directs the ITA to double the funding 
level provided in fiscal year 2005 for the rural export 
program.
    Last year, the Committee directed the Office of Trade and 
Economic Analysis (OTEA) to implement an initiative to capture, 
analyze, and disseminate data on U.S. trade through user-
friendly interfaces and new technologies. The Committee is 
encouraged that the OTEA is moving towards achieving this goal.
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Protection.--Given the 
significant increase the Committee has provided to ITA over the 
past few years, the Committee expects the ITA to pursue a more 
aggressive approach to supporting U.S. businesses especially in 
their efforts to compete in international markets that engage 
in blatant intellectual property rights infringement. The 
Committee directs the Department, including the USPTO, to 
create a U.S. Intellectual Property Office (USITO) in Beijing 
and Moscow. This office should be modeled on the U.S. 
Information Technology Office in Beijing. Initially, funding 
was provided to the USITO by the Commerce Department and now 
funding is provided by industry. Therefore, the Committee 
expects the Commerce Department to begin working with industry 
trade organizations to create this Office.
    Further, the Committee directs the Department, including 
ITA and USPTO, to establish programs both domestically and 
internationally to provide assistance to small businesses 
seeking to secure their rights abroad. The Committee continues 
to support the new Strategy Targeting Organized Piracy (STOP) 
initiative to target the billions of dollars in global trade in 
pirated and counterfeit goods that cheat American innovators 
and manufacturers that hurt the U.S. economy and endanger 
consumers worldwide.
    Therefore, the Committee directs the Department, in 
consultation with the State Department, to begin to measure 
piracy and counterfeit levels, beginning with China and to 
maintain these statistics. The Committee assumes the ITA will 
engage with non-governmental organizations, as well as private 
organizations, to assist in this effort. Further, the Committee 
expects the Department to begin documenting specific cases of 
IPR infringement.
    The Committee expects the continuation of funding for the 
China and Middle East Business centers. The Committee remains 
supportive of the Business Information Service of the Newly 
Independent States (BISNIS) program that has yielded tangible 
export results and helped to encourage the new nations of the 
former Soviet Union to continue their market transformation. 
The Committee directs the Department to report to the Committee 
on these efforts, not later than 90 days after the enactment of 
this Act.

                    Bureau of Industry and Security


                     OPERATIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommendation includes a total operating 
level of $77,000,000 for the operations and administration of 
the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), which includes 
$62,233,000 for operations and administration and $14,767,000 
for national security related programs. The recommendation is 
$9,520,000 above the current year level and the same as the 
request.
    Overall, the Committee recommendation addresses the 
concerns identified in a number of oversight reports, including 
the Office of the Inspector General reports, ``Improvements are 
Needed to Better Enforce Dual-Use Export Control Laws'', and 
``Deemed Export Controls may Not Stop the Transfer of Sensitive 
Technology to Foreign Nations in the U.S.'', and numerous 
United States Government Accountability Office reports. 
Further, the Committee notes that the BIS received accolades in 
The Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United 
States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction's Report to the 
President of the United States dated March 31, 2005.
    Within the total amount available, the recommendation 
includes the following:
    Export Administration.--$36,842,000 is for export 
administration activities, which is the same as the request, 
and $4,908,000 above the current year level. The recommendation 
continues funding for additional export licensing personnel 
provided in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee supports the Administration's efforts to 
complement the Department of Defense's evaluation of military 
technologies critical to national security by evaluating 
civilian dual-use technologies.
    The funding will also assist the BIS to process efficiently 
an increased licensing volume. The Committee expects the BIS to 
effectively manage the dual-use export control system, by 
staying abreast of the rapid technological changes that shape 
goods and technologies. The Committee urges the BIS to maintain 
and develop dedicated expertise to systematically evaluate 
control lists, license applications, and other functions 
against the latest developments, and prepare for future 
developments.
    Between fiscal years 2002 and 2004 the number of national 
security export license applications processed by the Office of 
National Security and Technology Transfer Controls doubled to 
over 6,800. A significant share of this increase is 
attributable to the burgeoning market for civilian night vision 
and thermal imaging devices. The recommendation includes 
additional resources to hire and train new personnel to process 
the increased volume of licenses, commodity classifications and 
jurisdiction requests, as well as licensing determination 
requests; and to do so in an accurate and timely manner that 
protects U.S. national security, while helping U.S. exporters 
to compete in the international marketplace. The additional 
resources will assist the BIS to process commodity 
classifications within 14 days as statutorily required and in a 
timeframe that is a significant benefit to U.S. exporters.
    Further, the Committee directs the BIS to provide a report 
to the Committee prior to any change to U.S. dual-use export 
controls.
    Export Enforcement.--$33,508,000 is for export enforcement 
activities, the same as the request, and $2,857,000 above the 
current year level. The Committee supports the BIS's export 
control efforts overseas to conduct end-use checks. The 
Committee understands that export control attaches provide in-
country ability to combat weapons of mass destruction and 
diversion of sensitive items to possible terrorists, and 
conduct outreach to governments, exporters and end-users.
    The recommended level allows the BIS to meet its mission of 
deterring weapons of mass destruction proliferation; preventing 
sensitive dual-use items from falling into the hands of 
terrorists, and otherwise enforcing the dual-use export control 
and anti-boycott laws of the United States. Funding will 
support agents on the ground with funds and equipment they need 
to maximize their capabilities.
    Computer Evidence Retrieval Capabilities.--The 
recommendation provides sufficient funding to maximize the 
effectiveness of the BIS's agents by providing computer 
technology analysis support.
    Every criminal investigation that the BIS conducts relies 
on computer forensic support. Agents executing search warrants 
against proliferation targets now routinely seize and process 
computer information from dozens of computers. The Committee 
recommendation includes full funding for the Seized Computer 
Evidence Recovery System to enable the BIS agents to fully 
exploit the computer evidence they seize. The development of 
evidence in a recent Iranian diversion case and a nuclear 
support equipment case through an Asian transshipment hub were 
delayed because agents were unable to fully exploit the 
computer evidence seized. The Committee views such delays as 
unacceptable. The BIS shall continue to work with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Regional Computer Forensics 
Laboratories to leverage export enforcement capabilities. 
Direction has been provided under the FBI heading, instructing 
the FBI to provide technical computer evidence recovery support 
to the BIS.
    Investigative Travel Funding.--America's security borders 
stretch beyond its national borders to wherever licensable 
items are bought, sold, or shipped. To ensure that licensed 
items are used by the licensed end-users and for the licensed 
purposes, a robust end-use check program is vital. The 
Committee recommendation includes full funding for 
investigative travel and Sentinel trips, including travel to 
China and Malaysia. The Committee directs the BIS to provide 
reports to House and Senate Appropriations Committees after the 
second quarter of fiscal year 2006, on the expenditure of 
travel funds, including domestic and international travel and 
the type of investigation.
    Further, the Committee directs the BIS to provide a 
detailed report to the Committee detailing the location and 
responsibilities of each overseas attache. Leveraging personnel 
resources of the U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service (US&FCS;), as 
well, as the State Department, is one way to expand the reach 
of U.S. export enforcement efforts overseas. Direction along 
these lines is included under the US&FCS; and Department of 
State headings. Additionally, the report should detail the 
right-sizing methodology followed to determine the appropriate 
size and location of the Bureau's overseas presence.
    Management and Policy Coordination.--$6,650,000 is for 
Management and Policy Coordination, the same as the request and 
$1,755,000 above the current appropriation level, excluding 
prior year unobligated balances used in the current year.
    In addition, the Committee reminds the BIS of the 
requirements of section 605 of this Act.
    The Bureau of Industry and Security is responsible for 
protecting the U.S. national security and economic interests by 
enhancing the efficiency of the export control system; ensuring 
U.S. industry complies with the Chemical Weapons Convention 
agreement and the Additional Protocol to the International 
Atomic Energy Safeguards Agreement; preventing illegal exports 
and identifying violators of export prohibitions and 
restrictions for prosecution; and enhancing the export and 
transit controls of nations seeking to improve their export 
control systems.

                  Economic Development Administration

    The recommendation includes $227,569,000 for the programs 
and administrative expenses of the Economic Development 
Administration (EDA) for fiscal year 2006, which is 
$200,985,000 above the request, and $56,491,000 below the 
current year level. The Committee recommendation does not adopt 
the President's proposal to create a new grant program entitled 
``Strengthening America's Communities Initiative'' to include 
the elimination of the Economic Development Assistance program 
and the Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms program.

                ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    The Committee provides $200,985,000 for the Economic 
Development Assistance program and the Trade Adjustment 
Assistance for Firms program. The Committee continues funding 
for the traditional programs of the EDA to provide needed 
assistance to communities struggling with long-term economic 
dislocation, as well as sudden and severe economic dislocation. 
Of the amounts provided, $107,656,000 is for Public Works and 
Economic Development, $45,400,000 is for Economic Adjustment 
Assistance, $27,000,000 is for planning, $8,434,000 is for 
technical assistance, including university centers, $12,000,000 
is for trade adjustment assistance, and $495,000 is for 
research.
    The Committee directs EDA to continue operations and 
funding of the planning grant program for existing and 
designated economic districts in a manner that is consistent 
with the current and ongoing practices, policies and existing 
rules and regulations.
    The Committee continues to expect EDA to assist communities 
impacted by economic dislocations related to coal industry 
downturns due to environmental concerns at no less than the 
fiscal year 2005 level.
    The Committee directs EDA to provide assistance to an 
applicant for planning under this account only if the applicant 
agrees to make available to the public on request their audited 
statements, annual budgets, and minutes of meetings and agrees 
to provide the public reasonable notice of, and an opportunity 
to attend, their meetings. The Committee further directs EDA to 
provide assistance to an applicant for planning under this 
account only after the applicant files appropriate Federal 
financial disclosure statements.
    The Committee continues to direct EDA to ensure that funds 
provided under this account are targeted to the most severely 
distressed areas, which, absent the assistance provided by the 
EDA, would have little or no access to resources for 
infrastructure development and capacity building. This puts the 
program on firm ground to carry out its purpose to provide the 
``seed capital'' to distressed areas to allow local communities 
to increase their ability to create new economic opportunities 
and jobs in accordance with local priorities.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $26,584,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the EDA, the same as the request, and 
$3,491,000 below the current year level. The Committee 
continues to direct the EDA to aggressively pursue all 
opportunities for reimbursement, deobligations and use of non-
appropriated resources, including the care and protection of 
collateral accounts, to maximize the operating level.
    In addition, the Committee reminds EDA of the requirements 
under section 605 of this Act regarding reorganization 
proposals.
    The recommendation retains language in the bill to provide 
the authority to use this appropriation to monitor projects 
approved under Title I of the Public Works Employment Act of 
1976, Title II of the Trade Act of 1974, and the Community 
Emergency Drought Relief Act of 1977.

                  Minority Business Development Agency


                     MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee recommendation includes $30,024,000 for the 
Minority Business Development Agency for fiscal year 2006. The 
recommendation is $524,000 above fiscal year 2005 and $703,000 
below the request. The Committee recommendation assumes 
continuation of the Emerging Minority Business Leaders program 
at the fiscal year 2005 level.

                Economic and Information Infrastructure

    The Committee recommendation includes under this section 
the Department of Commerce agencies responsible for the 
nation's basic economic and technical information 
infrastructure, as well as the administrative functions to 
oversee the development of telecommunications policy.

                   Economic and Statistical Analysis


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $80,304,000, which is 
$1,373,000 above the current year and $4,973,000 below the 
request, for the economic and statistical analysis programs of 
the Department of Commerce, including the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis (BEA), for fiscal year 2006. The recommendation does 
not recur funding for a one-time only economic study. The 
Committee has provided programmatic increases totaling a 60 
percent increase over the past five years. The Committee has 
provided this level of increase to ensure that policy makers 
have better access to more accurate and timely economic data on 
the changing global economy.
    The Committee recognizes the valuable role the Economic and 
Statistics Administration plays within the Department of 
Commerce by providing executive direction and oversight to the 
Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Census Bureau. The 
Committee intends that the funding level for the Economics and 
Statistics Administration in fiscal year 2006 will be 
sufficient to carry out its mission of providing key 
statistical information to the Executive and Legislative 
branches of the government.
    The Economic and Statistics Administration is responsible 
for the collection, tabulation and publication of a wide 
variety of economic, demographic and social statistics and 
provides support to the Secretary of Commerce and other 
Government officials in interpreting the state of the economy 
and in developing economic policy.

                          Bureau of the Census

    The Committee recommendation includes a total operating 
level of $832,237,000 for the Bureau of the Census, which is 
$45,148,000 below the request and $87,439,000 above the amount 
provided in fiscal year 2005.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $208,029,000 for the 
salaries and expenses of the Bureau of the Census for fiscal 
year 2006, which is $12,000,000 below the request, and 
$11,919,000 above the current year level. The recommendation 
includes $143,547,000 for current economic statistics, 
$60,888,000 for current demographic statistics, and $3,594,000 
for survey development and data services. Within the amount 
provided for current economic statistics, $2,000,000 is for the 
longitudinal employer/household dynamics program, as requested; 
$7,083,000 is for adjustments to base costs; and $2,836,000 is 
for increased efforts to capture more accurate trade 
statistics. The Committee directs the Bureau to continue to 
streamline and prioritize programs to ensure the highest 
priority core activities are supported. The Committee expects 
the Bureau to be fully reimbursed for any non-core survey 
conducted for any other Federal agency or private organization.
    The Committee continues its direction regarding the 
production of monthly Export-Import and Trade Balance 
statistics on a North American Industry Classification System 
basis, and the Advanced Technology Trade Imports, Exports, and 
Net Balance by Country in the Bureau's monthly reports. The 
Committee understands that this information will not be 
seasonally adjusted. Further, the Committee expects the U.S. 
Trade in Advanced Technology Products to be presented in a more 
useable format for policy makers and the general public. This 
information should highlight the European Union, China, 
Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, India, 
and South Korea. The following Advanced Technology categories: 
biotechnology, life science, opto-electronics, information & 
communications, electronics, flexible manufacturing, advanced 
materials, aerospace, weapons, and nuclear technology should be 
continued.
    The Bureau is directed to include socks in its quarterly 
Current Industrial Reports on Apparel, and to produce a one-
time annual report for 2005 domestic sock production. The 
Committee includes sufficient funding for the Manufacturing and 
Construction Statistics Division for this purpose.
    In addition, the Committee expects that key reports on 
manufacturing, general economic and foreign trade statistics 
will be maintained and issued on a timely basis.
    The Committee directs the Bureau to undertake a study on 
using prisoner's permanent homes of record, as opposed to their 
incarceration sites, when determining their residences. The 
Bureau should report back to the Committee on its findings 
within 90 days of enactment of this Act.
    The recommendation provides for the current statistical 
programs of the Bureau of the Census, which includes 
measurement of the Nation's economy and the demographic 
characteristics of the population. These programs are intended 
to provide a broad base of economic, demographic, and social 
information used for decision-making by governments, private 
organizations, and individuals.

                     PERIODIC CENSUSES AND PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$624,208,000 for all periodic censuses and related programs in 
fiscal year 2006, which is $75,520,000 above the fiscal year 
2005 level and $33,148,000 below the request.
    Re-engineered Design Process for the 2010 Short-Form Census 
Program.--The recommendation includes $213,849,000 for the 
short-form only Census in 2010, which is $630,000 below the 
request. The Committee continues to support the Bureau's 
efforts to establish an early design and planning process to 
allow sufficient time to test the major elements of a 
simplified, streamlined short-form census. This new approach 
should allow the Census Bureau to fulfill important 
constitutional and legal mandates more accurately. Further, 
this new process should reduce the costs to the American 
taxpayer by nearly $2,000,000,000 instead of repeating the same 
process conducted in the 2000 census. The recommendation 
includes the following:

                        [In thousands of dollars]

Decennial Census 2010:
    Program Development and Management..................          $4,315
    Content, Questionnaires, and Products...............          17,410
    Field Data Collection & Support.....................          73,336
    Automated Data Collection & Support.................          61,058
    Design, Methodology, and Evaluation.................          37,678
    Census Test and Dress Rehearsal.....................          20,052
    Re-engineered Design Process........................         213,849

    American Community Survey (ACS).--The Committee 
recommendation includes $169,948,000 for the American Community 
Survey, which is the same as the request, and $23,939,000 above 
the current year level. The Committee is steadfast in its 
support of the Census Bureau and the Administration's efforts 
to collect long-form data on an on-going basis rather than 
waiting for once-a-decade decennial long-form data. The 
recommendation includes the following:

                        [In thousands of dollars]

Initial Mail Collection.................................         $37,412
Telephone Non-Response Follow-up........................          16,498
Personal Visit Non-Response Follow-up...................          66,104
Puerto Rico.............................................           3,252
Group Quarters..........................................           7,604
IT Infrastructure.......................................           5,105
Data Processing, Weighting & Review.....................          12,575
Data Dissemination......................................           7,503
Partnership and Outreach................................           2,049
Project Management......................................           3,246
Methods Panel...........................................           8,600
American Community Survey...............................         169,948

    The Committee recommendation includes the full request for 
the new methods panel. The Committee expects the methods panel 
to ensure a more comprehensive and streamlined approach to 
multiple data collection techniques and to ensure that any 
change in the language of survey questions will maximize 
clarity in order to elicit correct responses.
    Master Address File (MAF)/Topologically Integrated 
Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER).--The Committee 
recommendation includes $79,799,000 for MAF/TIGER Re-
engineering, which is the same as the request, and $2,511,000 
below the current year level. The Committee supports efforts to 
enhance the MAF/TIGER to include street and address information 
from States, localities, and tribal governments. It is in the 
best interest of the Federal, State, local, and tribal 
communities to make all existing information available to the 
Census Bureau to result in the most accurate database. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of Commerce to take all 
available measures to reduce the requirement of payment for 
information currently available from certain governments. 
Further, the Committee directs the Secretary of Commerce to 
work with other Departments to gain access to currently 
available aerial photography. Further, the Secretary is 
directed to utilize global positioning system technology and 
aerial photography to update existing information only if these 
measures are shown to be a more cost effective alternative. The 
recommendation includes the following:

                        [In thousands of dollars]

Modern Processing Environment...........................         $10,456
Geographic Partnership Programs.........................           3,928
Evaluations.............................................           3,296
Street Address Location Corrections & GPS...............          53,561
Address Updating System.................................           8,558
    MAF/TIGER Re-Engineering............................          79,799

    Non-Decennial Programs.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $160,612,000 for non-decennial periodic census 
programs, $32,464,000 below the request, and $1,989,000 below 
the current year level.

                        [In thousands of dollars]

Periodic Censuses:
Other Periodic Programs:
    Economic Censuses...................................         $68,275
    Census of Governments...............................           4,653
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Economic Programs.....................          72,928
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
Demographic Statistics Programs:
    Intercensal Demographic Estimates...................           9,000
    Demographic Survey Sample Design....................          10,474
    Geographic Support..................................          37,785
    Data Processing Systems.............................          30,425
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
        Subtotal, Demographic Programs..................          87,684
                    ========================================================
                    ____________________________________________________
        Total, Non-Decennial Programs...................         160,612

    Subgroup Enumeration.--The Committee commends the efforts 
of the Census Bureau to work with interested parties to ensure 
that necessary measures will be taken to ensure accuracy in 
enumerating Hispanic subgroups.
    The Committee appreciates the efforts of the Census Bureau 
to consider new options for reporting data reflecting all 
citizens of the United States, including Puerto Rico.
    Language is continued regarding changes to the race 
category for collection and dissemination purposes.

       National Telecommunications and Information Administration

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$19,716,000 for the National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA) for fiscal year 2006, which is $3,734,000 
below the request and $18,962,000 below the current year for 
salaries and expenses, and the public telecommunications 
facilities, planning and construction accounts.
    NTIA is responsible for developing domestic and 
international telecommunications and information policy for the 
Executive Branch, ensuring the efficient and effective use of 
the Federal radio spectrum, and administering Federal programs 
that support telecommunications facilities for public 
broadcasting.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $17,716,000 for the 
Salaries and Expenses appropriation of the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration, which is 
$3,734,000 below the request and $516,000 above the current 
year.
    The Committee continues to direct the Administration to 
aggressively pursue all opportunities for reimbursement, 
deobligations, and use of non-appropriated resources, to 
maximize the operating level for NTIA mission purposes.
    The Committee recommendation and the request assume that at 
least an additional $37,116,000 will be available to the NTIA 
in fiscal year 2006 through reimbursements from other agencies 
for the costs of providing spectrum management, analysis and 
research services.

    PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES, PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommendation includes $2,000,000, which is 
the same as the request and $19,478,000 below the current year, 
to provide program management of existing planning and 
construction grants for public television, radio, and non-
broadcast facilities.
    The Committee notes that as of March 2005, 307 of the 356 
public television stations are now transmitting a digital 
signal. These stations serve markets representing 93.9 percent 
of American households with television.

               United States Patent and Trademark Office


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,703,300,000 for 
the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for 
fiscal year 2006, which is $158,546,000 above the current year 
level and the same as the request, to be derived from 
offsetting fee collections.
    The Committee includes language regarding the number of 
positions and full-time equivalents for the examination of 
trademarks and patent applications. Further, language is 
included designating the number of positions and full-time 
equivalents for the programmatic Office of General Counsel, 
including the Office of the General Counsel, Office of the 
Solicitor, Trademark Trial and Appeal Board, Patent Appeals and 
Interferences, General Law Office, and the Office of Enrollment 
and Discipline; and for external affairs.
    Within the amounts available, the Committee expects that 
the PTO will continue its relationships with the National 
Inventor's Hall of Fame and Inventure Place, and with the 
International Intellectual Property Institute at no less than 
the levels in fiscal year 2005.
    The Committee supports efforts by the International 
Intellectual Property Institute to work with the University of 
Central Florida to design a curriculum to combat intellectual 
property rights infringement.
    The Committee reminds the PTO that any changes from the 
funding distribution provided in the bill and report including 
carryover balances are subject to the reprogramming procedures 
set forth in section 605 of this Act.
    The Committee supports PTO's efforts to provide PTO 
comprehensive training programs. PTO shall provide to the 
Committee, by February 15, 2006, a report detailing space 
requirements for a training facility.
    In addition, PTO shall submit to the Committee, not later 
than three months after the enactment of this Act, a spending 
plan that incorporates any carryover balances from previous 
fiscal years and any changes to the patent or trademark fee 
structure. Further, this spending plan should be updated on a 
monthly basis and submitted to the Committees at the end of 
each month in fiscal year 2006.
    Telework.--The Committee commends PTO for its successful 
telework program. The Committee understands that by the end of 
May 2005, 180 trademark examining attorneys will be working 
from home, representing 54 percent of the total trademark 
examining corps. The Committee understands that the PTO 
currently has 30 other trademark professionals involved in a 
telework program. Further, the Committee lauds the efforts of 
the patent examiners and the PTO to increase the number of 
teleworking patent examining professionals to 976, or 60 
percent of the senior patent examiner workforce. In addition, 
the Committee understands that the PTO also has 267 patent 
managers on a variety of telework programs.
    The PTO is charged with administering the patent and 
trademark laws of the United States. PTO examines patent 
applications, grants patent protection for qualified 
inventions, and disseminates technological information 
disclosed in patents. The PTO also examines trademark 
applications and provides Federal registration to owners of 
qualified trademarks. The PTO advises the Office of the United 
States Trade Representative on enforcement issues in connection 
with free trade agreements and participates in consultations 
with numerous foreign governments on a broad range of issues 
related to the enforcement of intellectual property rights.

                         Science and Technology

    The Committee recommendation includes $3,984,204,000 in 
direct appropriations for the Science and Technology programs 
of the Department of Commerce, including the National Institute 
of Standards and Technology and the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration, which is $646,648,000 below the 
current year, and $133,180,000 below the request.

                       Technology Administration


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $6,460,000 for necessary 
expenses of the Under Secretary for Technology Policy and the 
Office of Technology Policy, which is the same as the current 
year level and $2,260,000 above the request.

             National Institute of Standards and Technology

    The Committee includes $548,744,000 for the National 
Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for fiscal year 
2006, which is $150,481,000 below the current year and 
$16,779,000 above the request.

             SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL RESEARCH AND SERVICES

    The Committee recommendation includes $397,744,000 for the 
Scientific and Technical Research and Services (core programs) 
of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, which is 
$18,980,000 above the current year, and $28,523,000 below the 
request.
    The Committee recommendation includes $390,244,000 and 
1,943 positions to support the full base operating costs of the 
core NIST programs. The recommendation does not include a 
requested adjustment to base funding of $5,128,000 to restore 
fiscal year 2005 rescissions. In addition, the Committee 
recommendation includes a programmatic increase totaling 
$7,500,000 under this account for advances in nanomanufacturing 
and nanometrology. Specifically, the program increase will 
enable NIST to establish the National Nanomanufacturing and 
Nanometrology Facility (N\3\F) at which government and industry 
can pursue collaborative nanotechnology efforts. The Committee 
expects this funding to result in the creation of a measurement 
infrastructure that will enable United States industries to 
better compete by promoting innovations in nanotechnology.
    The Committee expects NIST to continue to prioritize 
funding for programs associated with standards and guidelines 
relating to the national security of the United States, 
including efforts relating to biometric and cyber security and 
programs relating to improvements to the nation's manufacturing 
and services sectors. The recommendation also continues funding 
for a telework project and a critical infrastructure program, 
at the same funding levels as in fiscal year 2005. The 
Committee encourages NIST to allocate funding available under 
this account to carry out responsibilities under the National 
Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (Public Law 108-360). 
Finally, the Committee continues to support efforts to ensure 
that United States business interests are represented in 
international standards negotiations, and expects that NIST 
will collaborate with the Office of the United States Trade 
Representative and the Department of State on innovative ways 
to reduce trade barriers to United States exports by ensuring 
that United States standards are adopted in international 
negotiations.
    The Committee directs NIST to submit to the Committee, no 
later than November 15, 2005, a spending plan proposing an 
allocation of all resources available under this account in 
fiscal year 2006.

                  MANUFACTURING EXTENSION PARTNERSHIPS

    The Committee recommendation includes $106,000,000 for 
Manufacturing Extension Partnerships (MEP), which is $1,544,000 
below the amount provided in the current year and $59,200,000 
above the request. In fiscal year 2005, funding for MEP was 
appropriated under the Industrial Technology Services account. 
The Committee recommendation does not include any funding under 
that heading. The Committee adopts the President's request by 
not including funding for the Advanced Technology Program.
    MEP is a collaborative partnership program that provides 
United States manufacturers with access to technologies, 
resources, and expertise through network of manufacturing 
extension centers. Federal support for the MEP program, 
combined with State and private sector funding, is intended to 
translate into more jobs, more tax revenue, more exports, and a 
more secure supply source of consumer and defense goods.
    The Committee directs NIST to provide assistance to an 
applicant under the MEP program only if the applicant agrees to 
make available to the public on request their audited 
statements, annual budgets, and minutes of meetings and agrees 
to provide the public with reasonable notice of, and an 
opportunity to attend, their meetings. The Committee further 
directs NIST to provide assistance to an applicant under the 
MEP program only after the applicant files appropriate Federal 
financial disclosure statements.

                  CONSTRUCTION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $45,000,000 for the 
construction and major renovations of the NIST campuses at 
Boulder, Colorado, and Gaithersburg, Maryland. This account 
supports the construction, maintenance, and repair of NIST 
facilities to meet the Nation's measurement and research needs.
    The recommendation includes all requested adjustments to 
base, except for amounts requested to restore fiscal year 2005 
rescissions. The recommendation includes program increases 
totaling $22,448,000 including: $9,400,000 for the Boulder 
Central Utility Plant; $8,064,000 for safety, capacity, 
maintenance and major repairs; and $4,984,000 for AML 
Maintenance and additional renovation and design projects in 
Boulder and Gaithersburg. The Committee directs NIST to submit 
quarterly reports to the Committee on the progress of all 
construction projects during fiscal year 2006.

            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$3,432,000,000 in discretionary appropriations for the National 
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which is a 
decrease of $496,167,000 below the current year level including 
supplemental amounts, and $152,219,000 below the request. 
Detailed recommendations for NOAA's individual appropriations 
accounts are contained in the following paragraphs.

                  OPERATIONS, RESEARCH, AND FACILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    The Committee recommendation includes a total program level 
of $2,543,000,000 under this account for the coastal, 
fisheries, marine, weather, satellite and other programs of the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This total 
funding level includes $2,444,000,000 in direct appropriations, 
a transfer of $77,000,000 from balances in the ``Promote and 
Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining to American 
Fisheries'' account, a transfer of $3,000,000 from the Coastal 
Zone Management Fund, and $19,000,000 in deobligated balances 
from prior year appropriations. The direct appropriation of 
$2,444,000,000 is $346,582,000 below the fiscal year 2005 level 
including supplemental amounts, and $84,168,000 below the 
request.
    Language is included prohibiting the application of any 
general administrative charge against assigned activities under 
NOAA. Language is also included limiting the amount available 
for NOAA corporate services administrative overhead, and the 
amount available for transfer to the Department of Commerce 
Working Capital Fund. The Committee notes that line office 
personnel and overhead costs are funded from the totals 
provided for each respective line office. Funding for common 
corporate services and for a payment to the Department's 
Working Capital Fund has been provided directly on separate 
line items in the Program Support budget. The Committee 
recommendation also consolidates funding for education programs 
in the Program Support budget. The Committee continues to 
expect NOAA to include in the annual budget justification 
document a clear delineation of the positions, full-time 
equivalents, and salary-related costs within the request for 
each line office, and for Program Support.
    The following narrative descriptions and tables identify 
the specific activities and funding levels included in this 
Act:
    National Ocean Service (NOS).--The recommendation provides 
$382,248,000 for NOS operations, research and facilities. The 
recommendation includes an increase of $12,780,000 above the 
current year level for base Mapping and Charting activities, 
and the requested amount for shoreline mapping. The Committee 
encourages NOAA to continue its support for electronic 
navigational charts, and for the MS/LA Digital Coast project 
from within available funds. The recommendation also includes 
$31,487,000, the requested amount, to address the hydrographic 
survey backlog detailed in the National Survey Plan. The 
Committee directs NOAA to provide to the Committee, no later 
than January 31, 2006, a report documenting the updated 
composition of the backlog and an implementation plan for 
addressing the backlog. The Committee expects NOAA to propose a 
distribution of the total amount recommended for Geodesy 
programs through the reprogramming process detailed under 
section 605 of this Act. Within this amount, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to consider the continuation of funding for 
high-priority State geodesy and height modernization 
initiatives. Within the amount provided for Tide and Current 
Data, the Committee supports continued funding for Physical 
Oceanographic Real Time Systems. The Committee notes that NOAA 
is examining its current contracting strategy and exploring 
means to achieve expansion of contracting opportunities with 
the private sector in mapping and charting. The Committee 
understands that NOAA expects to publish a final, updated 
contracting policy by March 2006.
    The recommendation includes a total of $51,800,000 for 
oceanic and coastal research and science, an increase of 
$3,847,000 above the comparable request. This includes 
$24,800,000 for the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science 
and $27,000,000 for extramural research. The recommendation 
also includes an additional $15,000,000 above the request for a 
new competitive national program for partnerships in coastal 
and ocean observing. This funding will focus on accelerating 
the integration of national and regional ocean observing 
networks, and provide sustained real-time observations for safe 
and efficient navigation. The recommendation for NOS includes 
$28,200,000 for Coral Reef programs, including the continuation 
of program activities in Florida and Puerto Rico. The amount 
provided for Response and Restoration includes the requested 
amount for Response and Restoration, and Estuary Restoration 
base programs. Any allocation of funding under this heading to 
Pribilof Islands activities shall be subject to the procedures 
detailed in section 605 of this Act. The Committee encourages 
NOAA to allocate any excess unobligated prior year balances to 
Pribilof Island cleanup activities through the reprogramming 
process. The Committee is pleased by NOAA's response and 
restoration efforts on Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, and expects 
NOAA to continue to provide assistance, as needed, to the 
Departments of Defense and the Interior and the Environmental 
Protection Agency in carrying out cleanup responsibilities. The 
Committee also expects NOAA to continue to provide funds for 
the aquatic resources environmental initiative. With regard to 
the Marine Sanctuaries Program, NOAA shall submit a report to 
the Committee by August 15, 2005, on the allocation of 
appropriations under the program in fiscal year 2004 and 2005, 
and the status of obligation for such funds.
    National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS).--The 
recommendation provides $556,605,000 for NMFS operations, 
research and facilities. The recommendation includes the full 
request for base funding for research and management personnel 
costs. The recommendation continues funding for horseshoe crab 
research, tuna tagging, bluefish/striped bass research, the 
Virginia trawl survey, and highly migratory shark research. The 
recommended funding level to expand stock assessments is an 
increase of $1,300,000 above the current year level, and 
includes funding for continuation of a West Coast in-season 
harvest data collection system. Within the amount provided for 
Protected Species Research and Management, the Committee 
expects NOAA to continue current year funding for National Fish 
and Wildlife Foundation species management programs, and to 
give priority to investigating ocean noise and its effects on 
the recovery of protected marine mammals. Within the amount 
provided for Sustainable Habitat Management, the recommendation 
continues funding for Chesapeake Bay studies, oyster 
restoration, the non-native oyster Chesapeake Bay program, and 
blue crab research. Within the amount provided for Fisheries 
Habitat Restoration, the Committee expects NOAA to continue 
funding for the Bronx River Restoration and Pinellas County 
Environmental Fund programs. Within the amount provided for 
NMFS, the Committee encourages NOAA to improve research, data 
and observation efforts with regard to the shrimp fishery. The 
Committee is aware of concerns that adequate funding has not 
been made available for fisheries disaster recovery efforts 
associated with damage resulting from Hurricane Isabel. The 
Committee directs NOAA to report to the Committee by July 31, 
2005 on the status of such efforts, including on the existence 
of balances of prior year appropriations for disaster recovery 
that could be redirected to meet current needs.
    Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).--The recommendation 
includes $326,300,000 for OAR operations, research and 
facilities. The recommendation includes $68,500,000 for the 
Climate and Global Change program, an increase of $11,095,000 
above the request. The recommendation for Climate Observations 
and Services is an increase of $9,293,000 above the current 
year level. Within the total amount provided for Climate 
Research, the recommendation includes the requested level of 
$10,300,000 for costs associated with maintaining the United 
States' share of the international ARGO float array. The 
recommendation includes $3,000,000 for Arctic Research, as 
requested. Within the amount available under OAR, the Committee 
encourages NOAA to support planning activities related to the 
upcoming International Polar Year. The recommendation for 
Weather and Air Quality Research continues the current year 
funding level for tornado severe storm research/phased array 
radar. The amount provided for Invasive Species and Partnership 
Programs continues funding for aquatic ecosystems programs.
    The recommendation also provides $60,000,000 for the 
National Sea Grant College Program, which is $2,831,000 above 
the current year level. Funding for the Education Partnership 
Program/Minority Serving Institutions program, requested under 
OAR, is included under the recommendation for Program Support. 
The recommendation includes $12,000,000 to continue research 
activities associated with ocean exploration and undersea 
research. Educational programs associated with ocean 
exploration and undersea research are funded under the 
recommendation for Program Support.
    National Weather Service (NWS).--The recommendation 
provides $759,142,000 for National Weather Service operations, 
research and facilities. The recommendation represents an 
increase of $14,312,000 above the request to bolster critical 
forecast and warning functions.
    The Committee appreciates NOAA's recent actions to put in 
place an improved United States tsunami warning network. The 
recommendation for Local Warnings and Forecasts, combined with 
amounts provided in supplemental fiscal year 2005 
appropriations, includes all requested amounts for tsunami 
hazard mitigation, buoy deployment, inundation mapping, 
community outreach, upgrades to gage networks, and expanded 
operations at the warning centers. The Committee encourages 
NOAA to take advantage of the existing resources of the Puerto 
Rico Seismic Network in its efforts to establish a tsunami 
warning network in the Caribbean/Gulf of Mexico.
    The recommendation for Local Warnings and Forecasts also 
includes full requested funding for the Space Environment 
Center, continues funding for the multi-year, multi-
disciplinary hurricane mitigation cooperative research 
initiative, and includes funding for air quality forecasting 
programs including $1,750,000 to establish air quality and 
meteorological monitoring equipment throughout the Shenandoah 
Valley and utilize computer modeling software and data 
processing hardware to gather, analyze and disseminate real-
time and predictive information to local decision makers, 
research programs, and the general public. Within the amount 
provided for Advanced Hydrological Prediction Services, the 
Committee expects that NOAA will continue to support critical 
upgrades to the Susquehanna River Flood Forecasting and Warning 
System. Within the amount provided for Weather Radio 
Transmitters, the Committee expects NOAA to address any lack of 
weather radio coverage in Harper and Sedgwick Counties, Kansas, 
and in Michigan and Mississippi, in order to increase warning 
times in the event of severe storms and tornadoes.
    The Committee understands that NOAA has withdrawn a 
proposal to change the name of the National Weather Service, as 
well as other NOAA line offices. The Committee agrees that 
these changes are unnecessary and that renaming could lead to 
confusion among users of long-standing programs and services 
with substantial name recognition. The Committee expects to be 
notified in advance of any future efforts to implement such 
name changes.
    The Committee urges the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration and the National Weather Service to take maximum 
advantage of capabilities and services that already exist in 
the commercial sector to eliminate duplication and maximize the 
accomplishment of the core mission of the National Weather 
Service.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service (NESDIS).--The recommendation provides $158,300,000 for 
NESDIS operations, research and facilities. The recommendation 
represents an increase of $4,318,000 above the request. The 
recommendation for product development, readiness and 
application does not include requested phase out funding for a 
wind demonstration project. NOAA may propose to allocate funds 
for this purpose in fiscal year 2006 through a reprogramming of 
prior year balances. The recommendation for Data Centers and 
Information Services continues funding for environmental data 
archiving, access and assessment activities, the GOES Data 
Archive project and environmental data systems modernization.
    Program Support.--The recommendation provides $360,405,000 
for Program Support, including $189,010,000 for corporate 
services, $22,095,000 for facilities, $120,400,000 for marine 
and aviation operations, and $28,900,000 for education 
programs. The amount provided for corporate services includes 
$63,710,000 for consolidated corporate administrative costs, 
and $40,700,000 for a payment to the Department's Working 
Capital Fund. The recommendation continues language prohibiting 
the charging of line office program budgets for costs of 
corporate services. The amounts for facilities and for marine 
and aviation operations are the same as the budget request. The 
recommendation does not include funding for Program Planning 
and Integration as a separate line office. The recommendation 
assumes that these functions can be covered within the program 
increase provided for other policy formulation and direction 
activities, and recommends that these functions be incorporated 
under Program Support in future budget justifications.
    The recommendation for education programs consolidates 
funding for a number of continuing activities and provides an 
increased pool of resources for a general education fund. The 
Committee expects that this funding level will support 
continuing activities, such as JASON; bay and watershed 
education programs; Education Partnership Program/Minority 
Serving Institutions; and education activities related to ocean 
exploration and undersea research. The Committee expects that 
these education programs will be carried out by the line or 
programmatic office with the requisite expertise and 
capability. The Committee is aware of efforts to establish an 
interpretive buoy system in the Chesapeake Bay that will 
provide information on current conditions and water quality, as 
well as area history. The Committee encourages NOAA to support 
such efforts. In addition, the Committee expects NOAA to expand 
on current year efforts to implement the NOAA Education Plan, 
and address educational priorities identified in the U.S. Ocean 
Action Plan. Within 60 days of the enactment of this Act, NOAA 
shall submit a detailed spending plan to the Committee that 
allocates all funding for NOAA education programs. This 
spending plan shall be subject to the reprogramming 
notification requirements under section 605 of this Act.

       NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE--OPERATIONS RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation Services:
    Mapping & Charting.....................................      $50,761
    Address Survey Backlog/Contracts.......................       31,487
    Geodesy................................................       24,000
    Tide & Current Data....................................       23,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Navigation Services...........................      129,248
                                                            ============
Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment:
    Ocean Assessment Program...............................       17,000
    Coral Reefs............................................       28,200
    Response and Restoration...............................       21,100
    National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science.............       24,800
    Extramural Oceanic and Coastal Research & Science......       27,000
    Integrated Ocean Observing.............................       15,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Ocean Resources Conserv. & Assess.............      133,100
                                                            ============
Ocean and Coastal Management:
    CZM Grants.............................................       64,000
    CZMA Program Administration............................        6,700
    National Estuarine Research Reserve System.............       16,400
    Marine Protected Areas.................................        2,800
    Marine Sanctuary Program...............................       30,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Ocean and Coastal Management..................      119,900
                                                            ============
      Total, National Ocean Service--ORF...................      382,248
------------------------------------------------------------------------


 NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE--OPERATIONS, RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fisheries Research & Management:
    Research and Management Programs.......................     $181,704
    Expand Stock Assessments--Improve Data Collection......       21,800
    Fish Statistics........................................       12,771
    Fisheries Information Networks.........................       21,399
    Regional Councils and Fisheries Commissions............       24,641
    Survey and Monitoring Projects.........................       22,290
    Protected Species Research and Management..............      126,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Fisheries Research & Management...............      410,605
                                                            ============
Other Activities Supporting Fisheries:
    Chesapeake Bay Studies.................................        2,000
    Cooperative Research...................................        9,500
    Information Analyses and Dissemination.................       18,000
    National Environmental Policy Act......................        4,000
    Facilities Maintenance.................................        4,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Other Activities..............................       37,500
                                                            ============
Habitat Conservation and Restoration:
    Sustainable Habitat Management & Conservation..........       19,000
    Fisheries Habitat Restoration..........................       17,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Habitat Conservation and Restoration..........       36,000
                                                            ============
Enforcement and Observers:
    Enforcement and Surveillance...........................       48,000
    Observers and Training.................................       24,500
                                                            ------------
      Total, Enforcement and Observers.....................       72,500
                                                            ============
      Total, National Marine Fisheries Service--ORF........      556,605
------------------------------------------------------------------------


  OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH--OPERATIONS, RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Climate Research:
    Laboratories & Joint Institutes........................      $47,900
    Climate and Global Change..............................       68,500
    Climate Observations and Services......................       23,000
    Arctic Research........................................        3,000
    Climate Change Research Initiative.....................       37,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Climate Research..............................      179,400
                                                            ============
Weather & Air Quality Research
    Laboratories & Joint Institutes........................       35,500
    Tornado/Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar.......        2,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Weather & Air Quality Research................       37,500
                                                            ============
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research
    Laboratories & Joint Institutes........................       20,100
    Undersea Research and Ocean Exploration................       12,000
    National Sea Grant College Program.....................       60,000
    Invasive Species and Partnership Programs..............        4,300
                                                            ------------
      Total, Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research......       96,400
                                                            ============
Information Technology & R&D...............................;       13,000
                                                            ============
      Total, Oceanic and Atmospheric Research--ORF.........      326,300
------------------------------------------------------------------------


      NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE--OPERATIONS, RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operations and Research:
    Local Warnings and Forecasts...........................     $597,397
    Advanced Hydrological Prediction Services..............        6,100
    Aviation Weather.......................................        3,500
    WFO Maintenance........................................        7,390
    Weather Radio Transmitters.............................        2,320
    Central Forecast Guidance..............................       49,892
                                                            ------------
      Total, Operations and Research.......................      666,599
                                                            ============
Systems Operation & Maintenance (O&M;):
    NEXRAD.................................................       43,367
    ASOS...................................................        8,593
    AWIPS..................................................       37,541
    NWSTG Backup--CIP......................................       $3,042
                                                            ------------
      Total, Systems Operation & Maintenance...............       92,543
                                                            ============
      Total, National Weather Service--ORF.................      759,142
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA AND INFORMATION SERVICE--
                   OPERATIONS, RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Environmental Satellite Observing Systems:
    Satellite Command and Control..........................      $44,600
    Product Processing and Distribution....................       27,600
    Product Development, Readiness & Application...........       24,900
    Commercial Remote Sensing Licensing & Enforcement......        1,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Environmental Satellite Observing Systems.....       98,100
                                                            ============
Data Centers & Information Services........................       60,200
                                                            ============
      Total, NESDIS--ORF...................................      158,300
------------------------------------------------------------------------


          PROGRAM SUPPORT--OPERATIONS, RESEARCH AND FACILITIES
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Corporate Services:
    Under Secretary & Associate Offices....................      $27,600
    Consolidated Corporate Administrative Costs............       63,710
    Payment to DOC Working Capital Fund....................       40,700
    Policy Formulation and Direction.......................       42,000
    CAMS...................................................       11,000
    Information Technology Security........................        4,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Corporate Services............................      189,010
                                                            ============
 Education Programs........................................       28,900
                                                            ============
Facilities:
     Facilities Management & Construction..................       17,995
    Environmental Compliance & Safety......................        4,100
                                                            ------------
      Total, Facilities....................................       22,095
                                                            ============
Marine and Aviation Operations:
    Marine Services........................................       86,800
    Fleet Planning and Maintenance.........................       13,000
    Aviation Operations....................................       18,600
    Future Healthcare Benefits for Current Officers........        2,000
                                                            ------------
      Total, Marine & Aviation Operations..................      120,400
                                                            ============
      Total, Program Support--ORF..........................      360,405
------------------------------------------------------------------------

               PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION AND CONSTRUCTION

    The recommendation includes $936,000,000 for the 
Procurement, Acquisition and Construction account, which is 
$117,335,000 below the current year level including 
supplemental amounts, and $29,051,000 below the request. The 
recommendation assumes that an additional $4,000,000 will be 
available from prior year deobligations, resulting in a total 
program level of $940,000,000. The recommendation includes 
language making any use of deobligated funds provided under 
this heading in previous years subject to the reprogramming 
procedures set forth in section 605 of this Act.
    National Weather Service (NWS).--The recommendation 
includes $96,837,000 for National Weather Service acquisition 
and construction, which is $2,404,000 above the request. The 
recommendation, combined with amounts provided in supplemental 
fiscal year 2005 appropriations, includes all requested amounts 
to complete the planned acquisition of deep ocean assessment 
and reporting of tsunamis buoys for the Pacific Ocean Basin and 
the Caribbean/Atlantic Ocean region. The Committee continues 
the direction included in fiscal year 2005 supplemental 
appropriations encouraging NOAA to develop buoys with 
capabilities beyond the single purpose of tsunami reporting.
    The recommendation also includes requested program 
increases for modernization of the cooperative observer 
network, and to establish 17 new NOAA Weather Radio stations 
and refurbish 400 others. The recommendation provides a 
requested increase of $1,497,000 to establish a Coastal-Global 
Ocean Observing System in the National Weather Service. The 
Committee expects that this funding will complete the ocean 
instrumentation begun in fiscal year 2005, and add ten moored 
buoys and ten Coastal Marine Automated Network units in 
locations off the U.S. coast where the NWS lacks sufficient 
fixed observation platforms. The recommendation includes 
requested funding for construction of NOAA's Center for Weather 
and Climate Prediction. Finally, the recommendation restores a 
proposed reduction of $2,000,000 in the radiosonde network 
replacement program. Radiosondes are a primary data source for 
NWS weather prediction models used to support severe storm, 
aviation and marine forecasts, and also support climate and 
other research uses. NOAA shall submit a report to the 
Committee by September 15, 2005, reassessing the current status 
of the radiosonde replacement effort, and the longer term 
resource needs to avoid the risk of network collapse and to 
maintain forecast accuracy.
    National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information 
Service (NESDIS).--The recommendation includes $812,863,000 for 
NESDIS acquisition and construction, which is $2,959,000 above 
the request. The recommendation provides the full requested 
increase of $82,978,000 for the R-Series, the next generation 
of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES). 
This funding will begin engineering, program definition, risk 
reduction, instrumentation and other work in support of the 
GOES-R Series, with an initial launch date of October 2012.
    The recommendation also provides the full requested 
increase of $16,097,000 for National Polar-orbiting Operational 
Environmental Satellite Systems (NPOESS). The Committee expects 
that this increase will provide the necessary resources to have 
the instruments and ground system in place to support the 
launch of the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) mission, and 
maintain the schedule for the first NPOESS launch. The 
Committee understands that technical and management problems in 
the development of the imaging instrument have resulted in a 
slippage of approximately one year of the NPP launch date. The 
Committee notes that NOAA does not anticipate any corresponding 
delay to the first NPOESS launch scheduled for early 2010. The 
Committee directs NOAA to report to the Committee as soon as 
possible on the cost impacts, and the NPOESS risk reduction 
implications, of the delay in the NPP mission launch.
    The recommendation includes an increase of $11,000,000 to 
integrate LANDSAT sensors for incorporation on NPOESS 
satellites. The Committee has fully funded the President's 
request under NASA for the LANDSAT data continuity mission. 
NASA will provide the sensors, NOAA will integrate the sensors 
on NPOESS satellites, and the U.S. Geological Survey will 
develop the ground systems to manage the data.
    The recommendation includes $3,000,000 for Earth Observing 
System Data Archive & Access System Enhancement, which is 
$2,000,000 above the request. This increase will maintain the 
current level of funding to manage the increasing quantity of 
environmental satellite data.
    The Committee notes that the recent report of the National 
Research Council (NRC) on Earth Science and Applications from 
Space raised specific concerns about the need to evaluate plans 
for transferring certain capabilities from some canceled or 
descoped NASA missions to NPOESS, and the need to strengthen 
baseline climate observations and climate data records. The 
Committee directs NOAA to submit a report to the Committee by 
September 15, 2005, that provides NOAA's perspective on these 
issues and responds to the specific recommendations of the NRC 
report that pertain to NOAA.
    Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO).--The 
recommendation includes $2,800,000 for vessel upgrades, an 
increase of $1,000,000 over the current year level. The 
Committee expects this funding to be used for top priority 
improvements that make possible the highest priority science 
missions. The recommendation does not include requested funding 
for a fourth fisheries survey vessel. The Committee expects 
NOAA to provide the Committee with updated information 
regarding the current status of the second and third fisheries 
survey vessels.
    National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS).--The 
recommendation includes $6,000,000 for NMFS construction. This 
amount includes the final funding increment for renovation 
activities at the Galveston Laboratory, and continues funding 
for Aquatic Resources and the Conservation Institute.
    National Ocean Service (NOS).--The recommendation includes 
$12,000,000 for NOS construction and acquisition. The Committee 
is aware that several Coastal and Estuarine Land Conservation 
acquisition projects identified in the fiscal year 2002 Act are 
unlikely to be completed by the end of fiscal year 2005. While 
the funding for these projects is available until expended, 
guidelines for the program set a timetable for the expenditure 
of funds not to exceed three years. The Committee believes that 
it is appropriate to extend the time for these initial 
projects, and that funds for these projects should be available 
for an additional two years. Beginning in fiscal year 2008, any 
unexpended funds could be available to be competed under the 
National Ranking and Selection Process.
    The committee expects the Marine Sanctuary Program to 
develop a detailed plan for the development of an Exploration 
Center for the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary located 
in Santa Cruz, CA and report to the Committee on its plan 
within 60 days of enactment.
    The following table identifies the specific activities and 
funding levels included in this Act:

                 PROCUREMENT, ACQUISITION & CONSTRUCTION
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Estuarine Research Reserve Construction (NOS).....       $5,000
Marine Sanctuaries Construction (NOS)......................        4,000
Coastal and Estuarine Land Conservation Program (NOS)......        3,000
Construction (NMFS)........................................        6,000
Research Supercomputing/CCRI (OAR).........................        9,500
Weather and Climate Systems Acquisition (NWS)..............       73,803
Construction (NWS).........................................       23,034
Satellite Systems Acquisition--Geostationary (NESDIS)......      358,142
Satellite Systems Acquisition--POES (NESDIS)...............      102,673
Satellite Systems Acquisition--NPOESS (NESDIS).............      320,998
NPOESS--LANDSAT Sensor Integration (NESDIS)................       11,000
NPOESS--Preparatory Data Exploitation (NESDIS).............        4,500
EOS & Advanced Polar Data Systems (NESDIS).................        3,000
CIP--Single Point of Failure (NESDIS)......................        2,800
Comprehensive Large Array Data Stewardship (NESDIS)........        7,500
Construction (NESDIS)......................................        2,250
Fleet Vessel Upgrades (OMAO)...............................        2,800
                                                            ------------
    Total PAC..............................................      940,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    PACIFIC COASTAL SALMON RECOVERY

    The recommendation includes $50,000,000 for conservation 
and habitat restoration and recovery grants for endangered and 
threatened Pacific salmon populations, which is $38,798,000 
below the current year and $40,000,000 below the request. The 
recommendation includes language, similar to the request, that 
(1) lists eligible State and tribal grantees under the program; 
(2) defines the allowable uses of funds under this account; (3) 
requires that funds disbursed to States be subject to a 
matching requirement; and (4) requires that non-Federal 
contributions must be used in direct support of this program in 
order to fulfill the matching requirement. The Committee 
expects that any guidelines established by the Secretary of 
Commerce to allocate funding under this account will restrict 
the use of funding under this account to projects necessary for 
restoration of populations that are listed as endangered or 
threatened or identified as at-risk to be so listed, projects 
that maintain populations necessary for exercise of tribal 
treaty fishing rights or native subsistence fishing, or 
projects to conserve Pacific coastal salmon and steelhead 
habitat.
    The recommendation continues the guidance from previous 
years regarding the allocation of funds under this account for 
implementation of the State of Washington's Forest and Fish 
report and for mass marking equipment used at Federal 
hatcheries in the State of Washington, consistent with the 
allowable uses of funds under this account.
    The Committee continues to be concerned about the lack of 
effective performance measures for this program. The assessment 
last year noted that performance measures have still not been 
developed, that project effects on Pacific salmon stocks are 
still unknown, and that the program has not been able to 
allocate funds based on recovery needs of specific salmon 
populations. The Committee notes that the program has again 
received a rating of ``results not demonstrated'' in the 
President's budget for fiscal year 2006. The Committee 
acknowledges the significant work that has been done in this 
area, especially in the last year, and appreciates the ongoing 
efforts of the tribes, the States, and the NMFS Northwest 
Regional Office to put in place a comprehensive performance 
reporting regime which will be instrumental in targeting future 
resource investments on the most critical recovery needs.

                      COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT FUND

    The recommendation includes requested language allowing not 
to exceed $3,000,000 collected pursuant to the Coastal Zone 
Management Act to be transferred to the ``Operations, Research 
and Facilities'' account to offset the costs of implementing 
that Act.

                   FISHERIES FINANCE PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The recommendation includes language under this heading 
appropriating $60,000 for the costs of Individual Fishing Quota 
(IFQ) loans, and fishing capacity reduction loans. The 
recommendation includes language designating a total principal 
amount of direct loans of $5,000,000 for IFQ loans, and 
$18,900,000 for fishing capacity reduction loans. The 
recommendation does not include requested language designating 
that loans should be specifically for Atlantic pelagic 
swordfish fishery loans, as no justification was provided to 
support such specificity.

                                 Other


                        Departmental Management


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $47,466,000 for costs 
of managing the Department of Commerce, the same as the current 
year, and $6,066,000 below the request. The recommendation 
continues language designating $1,621,000 and 12 full-time 
equivalents for the legislative affairs function of the 
Department.
    This appropriation provides for the Office of the Secretary 
and for staff offices of the Department, which assist in the 
formulation of policy, management, and administration.
    Office Relocations.--The Committee continues to direct the 
Department to submit quarterly reports providing details of all 
office moves, openings, reductions and closings, and the costs 
associated with all moves. The Committee reminds the Department 
of the requirements to submit reprogramming notifications under 
section 605 of the Act.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee includes $22,758,000 for the Inspector 
General for fiscal year 2006, which is $1,387,000 above the 
current year level and the same as the request.

               GENERAL PROVISIONS--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of Commerce, similar to provisions that were 
included in the fiscal year 2005 Appropriations Act:
    Section 201 of the bill making Department of Commerce funds 
available for advanced payments only upon certification of 
officials designated by the Secretary that such payments are 
considered to be in the public interest;
    Section 202 making appropriations for the Department in the 
bill for Salaries and Expenses available for hire of passenger 
motor vehicles, and for services, uniforms and allowances as 
authorized by law;
    Section 203 providing the authority to transfer funds 
between Department of Commerce appropriation accounts and 
requiring notification to the Committee of certain actions;
    Section 204 providing that any costs incurred by the 
Department in response to funding reductions shall be absorbed 
within the total budgetary resources available to the 
Department and shall not be subject to the reprogramming 
limitations set forth in this Act.
    Section 205 requiring that any funding used to implement E-
Government Initiatives shall be subject to section 605 of this 
Act.

                           TITLE III--SCIENCE

    The funds recommended by the Committee in Title III of the 
accompanying bill support the development of national science 
policy, as well as the operational, research, and education 
activities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
and the National Science Foundation.
    The recommendation in this Title totals $22,119,984,000, 
which is $444,432,000 above the amount provided in fiscal year 
2005 including supplemental amounts, and $53,020,000 above the 
budget request.

                Office of Science and Technology Policy

    The recommendation includes $5,564,000 for the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy, which is $764,000 below the 
current year funding level and the same as the request. The 
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) was created 
under the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, 
and Priorities Act of 1976. OSTP advises the President on 
science and technology policies and coordinates research and 
development programs for the Federal Government.
    The Committee is deeply concerned about the state of the 
Nation's dedication to maintaining our position as the world 
leader in science, technology and innovation. Further, the 
Committee is convinced that bold and dramatic commitments are 
necessary to ensure the United States' economic leadership in 
the 21st Century and a rising standard of living for all 
Americans. In this regard, the Committee encourages OSTP to 
ensure that Executive branch policy makers and budget officials 
understand the impact of stagnation in science and technology 
on all areas of national life. The Committee expects that 
future budget requests for science and technology programs will 
reflect the importance of these investments to the competitive 
and economic future of the nation.
    The Committee is also concerned about the state of science 
education in the United States. The Committee expects OSTP to 
work to improve coordination and communication among science 
agencies to ensure that education programs are effective and 
complementary, and not duplicative.

             National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 
was established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 
1958 to conduct space and aeronautical research, development, 
and flight activities for peaceful purposes designed to 
maintain United States preeminence in aeronautics and space. 
NASA's unique mission of exploration, discovery, and innovation 
is intended to preserve the United States' role as both a 
leader in world aviation and as the pre-eminent space-faring 
nation. It is NASA's mission to: advance human exploration, use 
and development of space; advance and communicate scientific 
knowledge and understanding of the Earth, the Solar System and 
the Universe; and research, develop, verify and transfer 
advanced aeronautics and space technologies.
    The Committee recommends $16,471,050,000 for the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration, an increase of 
$14,650,000 above the budget request and $274,650,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 inclusive of $126,000,000 in emergency funding 
provided in Public Law 108-324.
    The Committee is supportive of NASA's new vision and 
mission for space exploration and the recommendation includes 
funds for the Administration's priorities for these activities. 
The Committee is very concerned about the need to maintain the 
nation's leadership in science and technology. To this end, the 
Committee has not agreed to the Administration's proposed 
reductions to the aeronautics research program or science 
programs, and has fully restored aeronautics to the fiscal year 
2005 level and partially restored the proposed reduction to 
science programs. However, given the serious nature of the 
budget deficit facing the nation the Committee was forced to 
make a number of difficult choices in allocating the scarce 
resources available to NASA and has proposed what it believes 
is a more balanced budget that both supports the new vision but 
does not abandon NASA's other core functions.
    The Committee supports the premise outlined by the NASA 
Administrator in NASA's fiscal year 2005 Operating Plan that 
the agency must set clear priorities to remain within the 
budget while ensuring adequate funding for the clear directions 
identified by the President and Congress. The Committee 
supports the Administrator's plan to accelerate development of 
the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) to minimize the gap between 
the retirement of the Space Shuttle and the first operational 
flight of the CEV. To help achieve this goal, the Committee 
supports the proposed ``non traditional'' competitive 
acquisition of a United States ``earth to orbit'' crew and/or 
cargo transfer capability. The Committee believes this approach 
offers affordable and credible risk mitigation for accelerating 
post-shuttle United States human spaceflight.
    The Committee also supports NASA's objective to restructure 
Project Prometheus to focus nuclear technology efforts on near-
term requirements for human and robotic missions. Finally, the 
Committee supports NASA's objective to rebalance the content of 
its overall science portfolio to ensure appropriate resources 
among planetary science, Earth science, solar physics and 
astronomy. The Committee understands that NASA is currently 
reviewing the implications of these objectives and directs NASA 
to report to the Committee on the outcome of these reviews as 
soon as possible after their completion.
    The Committee has agreed to adopt NASA's new proposed 
budget structure. The Committee understands that NASA wishes to 
adopt a budget structure that is consistent with its new vision 
and mission for robotic and manned space exploration. However, 
the Committee notes that in the past few years NASA has 
proposed changes to its account and budget structure every 
year. Therefore, the Committee expects no further changes to 
the budget structure. In addition, the Committee remains 
concerned about the process of setting NASA priorities in the 
operating plan rather than through the normal budget and 
appropriations process. Hereafter, the Committee expects the 
operating plan to only address minor adjustments or changes 
resulting from unforeseen contingencies.
    The Committee is extremely disappointed in the lack of 
detail of funding provided in the fiscal year 2006 
congressional budget justification. NASA is reminded that the 
primary purpose of budget justifications is to provide needed 
information to the Committees on Appropriations, and therefore 
must be submitted in a format with the necessary level of 
detail required by the Committee so that funding requests may 
be adequately analyzed. In order for the budget justifications 
to be of value to the Committee, NASA shall present the fiscal 
year 2007 budget justification with detailed information on the 
prior year, current year, and requested funding levels for each 
program, project or activity funded within each division and 
directorate in each account, and provide detailed information 
on all proposed changes being requested. NASA shall submit to 
the Committee not later than October 15, 2005, a template for 
its fiscal year 2007 budget justification document that 
complies with this direction.
    The Committee also requests that NASA discontinue the 
practice of including the Integrated Financial Management 
Program (IFMP) within the General and Administrative portion of 
the budget. The Committee directs that NASA budget and manage 
the IFMP as a program in its own right, and to provide a 
breakout of the five-year budget for the IFMP and each of its 
elements as part of the annual budget submission to the 
Congress.
    The Committee directs NASA to amend its operating plan 
procedures to make them consistent with the direction provided 
in Section 605 of the general provisions, which provides 
reprogramming guidelines for all of the Departments and 
agencies in this bill.
    The Committee acknowledges NASA's need to restructure its 
human and physical capital assets. The Committee understands 
that NASA is currently developing separate detailed plans for 
both its human and physical capital assets that will allow NASA 
to reshape its workforce and capital asset portfolio to help 
ensure that it can implement its new vision and mission.
    The Committee strongly believes that NASA needs to develop 
a comprehensive coordinated restructuring plan that addresses 
both its workforce and capital assets. After completion of this 
comprehensive restructuring plan, NASA needs to develop a 
roadmap for implementing the plan in a way that limits, to the 
maximum extent practicable, the disruptions to both the agency 
and the contractor community.
    NASA has, in the past few months, used its buyout authority 
to promote voluntary separations as a first attempt at 
reshaping its workforce. The Committee believes that at this 
early stage, NASA has been able to reshape its workforce 
without losing critical workforce skills. The Committee directs 
that NASA should not go beyond this initial voluntary buyout 
stage until it has developed the comprehensive coordinated 
restructuring plan and implementation roadmap, and has provided 
a report to the Congress detailing the steps that will be taken 
in reshaping the agency's human and physical capital assets.
    With respect to the agency's workforce, the Committee notes 
the impressive core competencies that exist at NASA's field 
centers, and directs the agency to fully utilize the 
competencies that reside at the field centers. NASA's field 
centers are an asset, and not a liability, for our nation. The 
Committee believes that NASA currently has, and must maintain, 
world-class scientists and engineers at its field centers. 
These scientists and engineers must continue to work at the 
cutting-edge of their disciplines so that they can remain 
world-class.
    The field centers provide the technical expertise to 
support the formulation of NASA policy, the management of the 
agency, and the oversight of NASA contracts and grants. The 
expertise at the field centers plays a critical role in the 
definition, design, development, and operations of NASA's space 
and aeronautics assets. The Committee believes that the day-to-
day project management activities of the agency should occur at 
its field centers, with NASA headquarters providing an 
appropriate oversight function. The Committee also notes the 
value of an appropriate amount of in-house technical work at 
the field centers, for the purpose of training young scientists 
and engineers, and for helping to ensure that the experienced 
NASA personnel at the field centers remain smart buyers for the 
taxpayers.
    NASA's mission to research, investigate, and explore the 
limits of aeronautics and the outer reaches of space, is unique 
among Federal agencies. While NASA is a civilian agency, its 
pursuits and capabilities have a direct impact on the strategic 
and economic health of the nation. Too often, those who benefit 
most from NASA, the American people, are not aware of those 
successes, benefits and opportunities. The Committee directs 
NASA to engage in a national awareness campaign. The purpose of 
such a campaign is to provide NASA with a venue in various 
media (print, radio, television, Internet, etc.) to articulate 
missions, recent accomplishments and recruitment efforts to 
young Americans. This will also provide a mechanism by which to 
excite and encourage our young people to enter the fields of 
science, math, and engineering and in doing so help maintain 
America's leadership in these fields.
    NASA possesses a unique capability among Federal government 
agencies in that it has its own television station. This 
station is carried nationally on cable television stations. The 
Committee believes this asset is significantly underutilized 
and could be used as a centerpiece in helping to excite the 
next generation of explorers in science. NASA has made numerous 
important discoveries in recent years as a result of the Hubble 
Space Telescope, the Mars Rovers, and the Chandra Space 
telescope to mention a few. NASA must take advantage of its 
television resources to inform and excite the public about 
these discoveries. NASA television has for the most part in 
recent years been used almost exclusively as an internal 
communications medium. NASA must make more effective use of 
this capability if NASA is to be permitted to retain it. NASA 
is directed to develop an integrated communications plan for 
NASA television. This plan should have a major focus on 
educating and exciting the next generation of explorers. This 
plan is to be submitted to the Committee in conjunction with 
the submission of NASA's fiscal year 2007 budget request.

                  SCIENCE, AERONAUTICS AND EXPLORATION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    NASA's Science, Aeronautics and Exploration (SAE) account 
provides funding for the Science, Exploration Systems, and 
Aeronautics Research Mission Directorates and Education 
programs. The SAE appropriation includes both the direct and 
the indirect costs supporting the Mission Directorates and 
Education Program, and provides for all of the research; 
development; operations; salaries and related expenses; design, 
repair, rehabilitation, and modification of facilities and 
construction of new facilities; maintenance and operation of 
facilities; and other general and administrative activities 
supporting SAE programs.
    The Committee recommends $9,725,750,000 for science, 
aeronautics and exploration, an increase of $64,750,000 above 
the budget request and $265,050,000 above the fiscal year 2005 
enacted level including emergency supplemental appropriations.
    Increases above the budget request include $40,000,000 for 
science programs of which $30,000,000 is for the Glory mission 
and $10,000,000 is for the Space Interferometry Mission; 
$53,900,000 for aeronautics research programs; $2,000,000 for 
education programs; and $50,000,000 for other initiatives 
terminated in the request. Reductions to the budget request 
include $25,000,000 from exploration systems research and 
technology; $25,000,000 from human systems research and 
technology; and $31,050,000 from corporate administrative costs 
of which $10,000,000 is from the Office of Advanced Planning 
and Integration, which is being eliminated.
    The Committee is very concerned about the reductions to 
NASA's science programs especially the drastic reductions to 
earth science programs designed to provide a better 
understanding of our planet. To paraphrase the National Academy 
of Sciences concerning these science programs, decades of 
research has improved health, enhanced national security, and 
helped generate economic growth by providing critical 
environmental information. While the National Academy is 
currently undertaking a decadal review of NASA's earth science 
programs, at the behest of the Congress the National Academy 
has provided an interim report detailing what it believes are 
short-term urgent science requirements.
    The National Academy of Sciences notes ``[t]he aggressive 
pursuit of understanding Earth as a system--and the effective 
application of that knowledge for society's benefit--will 
increasingly distinguish those nations that achieve sustained 
prosperity and security from those that do not. At NASA, the 
vitality of Earth science and application programs has been 
placed at substantial risk by rapidly shrinking budgets that no 
longer supports already-approved missions and programs of high 
scientific and societal relevance''. To begin to address this 
shortcoming the Committee is providing $40,000,000 above the 
budget request. Within the funds provided for science, 
$35,000,000 is included for the Glory mission, an increase of 
$30,000,000 above the budget request. Without this additional 
funding, the amount designated in the fiscal year 2006 budget 
request would clearly have resulted in the unraveling of Glory 
as an integrated mission and resulted in a certain delay in the 
launch of key instruments several years beyond the planned 
launch date. NASA's Glory program is a key Global Climate 
Change Research Initiative (CCRI) mission and critical to the 
achievement of CCRI's science goals. The Committee understands 
that 2006 funding for the Glory mission will sustain the 
development of the critical Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor and the 
Total Irradiance Monitor Instrument and begin reintegration of 
the spacecraft bus. Development will also begin on the science 
data ground processing system. Critical Design Reviews for all 
aspects of the program--the instruments, the bus, and the 
ground system--will also be held in 2006.
    The Committee applauds the decision by the Administrator to 
reassess a fourth servicing mission to the Hubble Space 
Telescope (HST). The Hubble Space Telescope has made numerous 
and extraordinary contributions to the field of science and has 
inspired a new generation's interest in space and space 
science. This mission is not only essential to maintaining the 
capability of the most scientifically successful space 
astronomy mission to date, it also provides for the least 
expensive approach to service Hubble and at the same time 
provides for the deorbit capability that will assure HST's safe 
reentry. Repairs and upgrades made during the fourth servicing 
mission would continue the telescope's dramatic discoveries 
that will serve as a legacy for NASA and our Nation.
    The Committee continues to support the Space Interferometry 
Mission (SIM) and is providing an additional $10,000,000 over 
the budget request for this mission. NASA's search for planets 
and life beyond our solar system is having increasing and 
dramatic success with over 150 planets now discovered. SIM is 
expected to examine 2000-3000 stars for planetary systems to 
fulfill a critical step in the search for Earth-like planets. 
The Committee is providing these additional funds to help 
ensure that SIM's important mission is maintained.
    The National Academy of Sciences Solar System Exploration 
Decadal Survey of planetary scientists concluded that the 
highest priority of the scientific community is an orbiter/
lander mission to Jupiter's moon Europa. The Administration 
supported just such a mission, and had proposed that the first 
or second mission of the Prometheus Nuclear Systems and 
Technology Program would be the Jupiter Icy Moons Mission 
(JIMO). NASA no longer plans a JIMO mission for Project 
Prometheus because of funding and technical considerations, and 
because the NASA Administrator has determined that funding is 
needed for near-term nuclear power requirements to implement 
the President's vision for space exploration. Recognizing that 
these deep space missions usually take a decade to complete 
from design to orbit, the Committee supports NASA moving 
forward with a conventionally powered mission to Jupiter. The 
Committee urges NASA to consider incorporating a non-nuclear 
Europa mission as part of its fiscal year 2007 budget request.
    NASA is directed to submit a report to the Committee, 
within 120 days of enactment of this Act, that outlines efforts 
taken to date by NASA to detect and characterize the hazards of 
Earth orbit-crossing asteroids and comets, as well as an 
assessment of what actions would be necessary to put in place 
capabilities to expand detection and tracking of such Earth 
orbit-crossing objects as well as actions to address the 
potential threat from asteroid and comet impacts.
    The Committee supports the valuable technology and 
education collaboration of the American Museum of Natural 
History and NASA to promote the public understanding of NASA's 
missions, support the development of the science and technology 
workforce needed for the 21st century, and to support NASA's 
strategic directions. The Committee urges NASA to continue this 
celebrative partnership in fiscal year 2006.
    The Committee is extremely concerned about the direction 
NASA has taken in downsizing and restructuring its Aeronautics 
Research program. While the United States is reducing its 
Federal investment in aeronautics research our competitors are 
increasing their aeronautics research and development budgets 
and making competitiveness their number one priority. While the 
Committee strongly supports the President's new vision for 
robotic and manned exploration of the Moon, Mars, and beyond, 
it is imperative that we not forget the importance of 
aeronautics research to our domestic economy.
    The Committee notes that NASA seems to have moved forward 
in transforming its aeronautics research program without regard 
to the recently released National Institute of Aerospace report 
developed by both industry and the science community and 
commissioned by the Congress to provide a detailed five-year 
research agenda for NASA's Aeronautics Research program, and 
the National Academy of Sciences review which will be available 
within the next 12 to 18 months. Based on these facts, the 
Committee believes that NASA's new aeronautics research agenda 
is premature.
    To begin to address this issue the Committee has done the 
following:
    Language is included in the general provisions directing 
the Administration to develop a National Aeronautics Policy to 
be delivered to the Congress with the submission of the 
President's 2007 budget request. The Committee believes that 
the lack of support for the Aeronautics Research program is 
related to the fact that there is no clear policy direction 
concerning the Federal government's role in the civil aviation 
industry.
    The Committee has not agreed to the $53,900,000 funding 
reduction proposed by the Administration, but has instead 
funded the Aeronautics Research program at the fiscal year 2005 
enacted level. The Committee directs that within 60 days of 
enactment of this Act NASA shall provide to the House and 
Senate Committees on Appropriations and the legislative 
committees of jurisdiction in the House and Senate a plan for 
how it intends to allocate aeronautics research funds for 
fiscal year 2006. Included in this plan should be a definition 
of work that enhances United States competitiveness; work that 
leads to additional breakthroughs including rotorcraft and 
hypersonics, and work that continues to support NASA's 
exploration goals, such as the Planetary Aircraft Risk 
Reduction (PARR) project.
    The Committee notes that the requested budget does not 
properly address the requirements for a heavy-lift launch 
capability that may be necessary to carry out space exploration 
beyond low-earth orbit. The Committee has been aware that NASA 
is assessing its launch requirements, and urges NASA to make a 
decision as expeditiously as is possible. NASA should report to 
the Committee, no later than 120 days after enactment of this 
Act, regarding NASA's heavy-lift launch requirements for 
exploration, and how it plans to meet those requirements.
    The Committee also directs NASA to provide a report to the 
Committee, within 120 days after enactment of this Act, which 
lists the propulsion systems that will be required to implement 
Project Constellation. This report should include, but not be 
limited to, all elements of the earth-to-orbit propulsion 
systems, in-space propulsion systems, and propulsion systems 
for landing/ascent craft.
    Within the fund provided for non-programmatic construction 
of facilities $10,000,000 is directed to the Institute for 
Scientific Research, Inc. for the continued construction of 
research facilities.
    The Committee recommendation includes $50,000,000 above the 
budget request for the continuation of Congressional priority 
programs that were terminated in the NASA budget request. These 
funds will be used for science, aeronautics, education and 
other NASA-related programs, and will be allocated to 
individual projects in the statement of managers accompanying 
the conference report for this Act.

                        EXPLORATION CAPABILITIES

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    NASA's Exploration Capabilities (EC) account provides 
funding for the Space Operations Mission Directorate. The Space 
Operations Mission Directorate includes the International Space 
Station (ISS), the Space Shuttle Program, and Space and Flight 
Support. The EC appropriation includes both the direct and the 
indirect costs supporting the Space Operations Mission 
Directorate, and provides for all of the research; development; 
operations; salaries and related expenses; design, repair, 
rehabilitation, and modification of facilities and construction 
of new facilities; maintenance, and operation of facilities; 
and other general and administrative activities supporting the 
EC programs.
    The Committee recommends $6,712,900,000 for exploration 
capabilities, a decrease of $50,100,000 below the budget 
request and $8,500,000 above the fiscal year 2005 enacted 
level.
    Decreases below the budget request include $10,000,000 for 
the International Space Station (ISS). The Committee believes 
that this small reduction is appropriate given the 
uncertainties surrounding the nature and scope of the science 
to be conducted on the ISS. In addition, the Cargo and Crew 
Services program is reduced by $10,000,000. The Committee is 
very supportive of this program, but delays associated with 
program implementation will result in a significant percentage 
of the funds provided in fiscal year 2005 being carried forward 
into this fiscal year.
    Reductions to this portion of the budget also include 
$10,000,000 from Rocket Propulsion Testing, $10,000,000 from 
Space Communications, and $10,000,000 from Launch Services. The 
reduction to Launch Services should not be taken from the Small 
Payload Launch program.
    NASA notified the Committee last year that $26,000,000 had 
been budgeted in fiscal year 2005 for a replacement building 
for Building 4601 at the Marshall Space Flight Center. 
According to the agency, this building is an engineering office 
facility whose condition requires replacement rather than 
repair, based on a cost analysis performed by NASA. NASA noted 
that this project had scored high on its internal, competitive 
prioritization process for NASA's repair-by-replacement 
program. NASA notified the Committee of its intent to defer the 
construction of Building 4601. In response to a Committee 
inquiry for the record, NASA stated that the deferment of the 
construction of this replacement facility would only be for a 
few months as the project could be executed early in 2006 
rather than late in 2005 as previously planned. However, the 
Committee was disappointed to find that this repair-by-
replacement project was not included in NASA's fiscal year 2006 
budget request, as the Committee was led to expect. Therefore, 
NASA is directed to reassess its decision to cancel this 
project, and to report to the Committee within 60 days after 
enactment of this Act, detailing how it intends to meet its 
commitment with respect to this project. At a minimum the 
Committee expects to see this construction project included in 
NASA's 2007 budget request.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Inspector General Act of 1978 established the Office of 
Inspector General. The Office is responsible for providing 
agencywide audit and investigative functions to identify and 
correct management and administrative deficiencies that create 
conditions for existing or potential instances of fraud, waste, 
and mismanagement.
    The Committee recommends $32,400,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, the same as the budget request and 
$1,100,000 above the fiscal year 2005 enacted level.

                       ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

    The bill includes five administrative provisions. The first 
provision allows for the funds to remain available until 
expended when an activity has been initiated for the 
construction of facilities. The second provision makes all 
amounts appropriated for construction of facilities available 
until September 30, 2008. The third provision provides transfer 
authority between its two appropriations accounts subject to 
the operating plan procedures. The fourth provision allows 
funds for authorized prizes to remain available without fiscal 
year limitation. The final provision incorporates by reference 
the programs, projects, and activities included in the report 
accompanying this bill.

                      National Science Foundation

    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$5,643,370,000 for the National Science Foundation (NSF), which 
is $170,546,000 above the current year funding level and 
$38,370,000 above the request.
    Established in 1950, the National Science Foundation's 
primary purpose was to develop a national policy on science, 
and support and promote basic research and education in the 
sciences filling the void left after World War II. The 
Committee is committed to keeping the Foundation's current 
activities true to the founding purpose of supporting basic 
scientific research.
    The Committee directs NSF to amend its operating plan 
procedures, as necessary, to ensure that they are consistent 
with the direction contained in section 605 of this Act, which 
provides reprogramming guidelines and requirements for all 
departments and agencies funded in the bill. It is the intent 
of the Committee that the reprogramming requirements described 
in section 605 also shall apply to all balances of funds 
carried over into fiscal year 2006 by the NSF. Detailed 
recommendations for NSF's individual appropriations accounts 
are contained in the following paragraphs.

                    RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends a total of $4,377,520,000 for 
Research and Related Activities. The recommendation is 
$156,964,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level and $44,030,000 
above the request.
    The recommendation does not include specific funding 
allocations for each directorate or for individual programs and 
activities. The Foundation is directed to submit a proposed 
spending plan to the Committee for its consideration within 30 
days of enactment of this Act that addresses the Foundation's 
highest priority research requirements. This spending plan 
shall be subject to the reprogramming procedures in section 605 
of this Act.
    Language is included that provides up to $425,000,000 for 
Polar research and operations support, as requested. The 
recommended funding level in this account acknowledges the 
decision of the Administration to shift funding for polar 
icebreaking from the budget of the Coast Guard to that of the 
NSF. Language is included allowing the NSF Director to use 
funds under this account to reimburse the Coast Guard for 
services provided in support of the NSF's mission. Additional 
language is included requiring that any such reimbursement be 
treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605. The 
Committee believes that burdening the NSF with the 
responsibility for maintenance and long-term modernization 
costs of the Coast Guard icebreaking fleet would irresponsibly 
jeopardize the nation's primary source of funding for critical 
basic scientific research. While using Coast Guard capabilities 
may be necessary to meet fiscal year 2006 requirements, the 
Committee expects NSF to immediately begin a concurrent pursuit 
of alternative, more economical, icebreaking solutions for 2006 
and beyond. The Committee directs NSF to pursue the most cost-
effective means of obtaining icebreaking services in the 
Antarctic for the 2005-2006 season, including, but not limited 
to, reimbursing the Coast Guard on a mutually agreed upon basis 
for the operations and maintenance of the U.S. polar 
icebreaking fleet. NSF is specifically given the flexibility to 
pursue alternatives to current operations. Should NSF continue 
to utilize the Coast Guard for icebreaking capabilities in 
fiscal year 2006, the Committee would expect NSF to model a 
reimbursement agreement with the Coast Guard on their 
successful Memorandum of Understanding with the Defense 
Department.
    The Committee is aware of studies currently underway to 
review the Nation's icebreaking needs and to examine options 
for supporting the presence the United States has maintained in 
the Antarctic for the past four decades. The Committee directs 
NSF to immediately inform the Committee when the results and 
recommendations from these studies become available. The 
Committee anticipates a preliminary report on options for 
meeting long-term icebreaking needs from the National Academies 
in September. No later than December 31, 2005, the Committee 
expects a report from the Office of Polar Programs advisory 
committee outlining options and potential costs for alternative 
means of providing logistical support to the McMurdo and South 
Pole stations in the event that icebreaking capabilities are 
not available.
    The Committee commends NSF for its Silicon Nanoelectronics 
and Beyond program which involves the sponsorship of research 
in the areas of information technology and electronics. The 
Committee encourages NSF to continue the support of such 
research in fiscal year 2006.
    The Committee is aware that NSF's Children Research 
Initiative has assisted important interdisciplinary 
collaborations that are making important contributions to 
research in child development. The Committee expects NSF to 
continue its research efforts in this area in FY 2006.
    The recommendation includes language that allows funds 
provided under this account to be available for innovation 
inducement prizes. The concept of inducement awards to 
encourage broad involvement in solving a specifically stated 
scientific problem has been a catalyst for scientific 
advancement since at least the early 18th century. In 1999, a 
National Academies workshop on this topic encouraged Federal 
agencies to make more extensive use of this mechanism to pursue 
particular scientific and technological objectives. The 
Committee expects NSF to engage the National Academies to craft 
a prize or categories of prizes that would be of an appropriate 
scale and to develop the rules and conditions for awarding 
prizes, and to report back to the Committee on plans to 
initiate a prize program in fiscal year 2006. The Committee 
strongly encourages NSF to use this mechanism, particularly in 
programs that specifically emphasize innovation, to focus on 
high risk/high payoff research projects. The Committee also 
expects NSF to encourage private sector involvement in the 
effort to create a prize program.

          MAJOR RESEARCH EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommends a total of $193,350,000 for the 
major research equipment and facilities construction account 
for fiscal year 2006, an increase of $19,700,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 funding level and $56,660,000 below the 
request. This account provides funding for the construction of 
major research facilities that provide unique capabilities at 
the cutting edge of science and engineering.
    The Committee recommendation assumes that, in addition to 
new fiscal year 2006 appropriations, at least $14,880,000 will 
be available from prior year appropriations, for a total 
available funding level of $208,230,000. The Committee 
recommendation includes funding for the following major 
projects: $49,240,000 for Atacama Large Millimeter Array 
construction; $50,620,000 for EarthScope; $50,450,000 for the 
IceCube Neutrino Observatory; and $57,920,000 for the 
Scientific Ocean Drilling Vessel. The recommendation does not 
provide for any new project starts, as none were requested.

                     EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES

    The Committee recommendation for fiscal year 2006 includes 
$807,000,000 in this account, which is $34,421,000 below the 
current year level and $70,000,000 above the request. In light 
of the challenges facing the nation in improving math and 
science educational participation and achievement, the 
Committee is disappointed by the reductions proposed in the 
budget in this account. The recommendation provides the full 
request for Math and Science Partnerships, which will support 
awards made in previous years, as well as data collection and 
evaluation activities.
    The Committee's recommendation includes the following 
program levels: $60,000,000 for Math and Science Partnerships; 
$97,000,000 for the Experimental Program to Stimulate 
Competitive Research (EPSCoR); $175,000,000 for Elementary, 
Secondary and Informal Education; $150,000,000 for 
Undergraduate Education; $155,000,000 for Graduate Education; 
$120,000,000 for Human Resource Development; and $50,000,000 
for Research, Evaluation and Communication.
    The Foundation is directed to submit a proposed spending 
plan to the Committee for its consideration within 30 days of 
enactment of this Act that addresses the Foundation's highest 
priority education requirements. This spending plan shall be 
subject to the reprogramming procedures in section 605 of this 
Act. Within the amounts provided for the Elementary, Secondary 
and Informal Education, the Committee recognizes the value of 
engaging the general public in informal science and technology 
education at all ages. The Committee encourages the NSF to 
continue to ensure geographic diversity in the institutions 
that participate in the program. Within the amounts provided 
for the Undergraduate Education activity, the Committee 
encourages the NSF to allocate funding to the Robert Noyce 
Scholarship program and the Advanced Technological Education 
program. Within the amounts provided for Human Resource 
Development, the Committee encourages the NSF to allocate 
funding to the Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
Undergraduate Program.
    The Foundation's Education and Human Resources activities 
are designed to encourage the entrance of talented students 
into science and technology careers, to improve the 
undergraduate science and engineering education environment, to 
assist in providing all pre-college students with a level of 
education in mathematics, science, and technology that reflects 
the needs of the nation and is the highest quality attained 
anywhere in the world, and to extend greater research 
opportunities to underrepresented segments of the scientific 
and engineering communities.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $250,000,000 for salaries and 
expenses, which is an increase of $26,800,000 above the current 
year level and $19,000,000 below the request. Of the amount 
provided, $10,600,000 is intended to cover built-in pay and 
benefits adjustments for fiscal year 2006. The Salaries and 
Expenses activity provides for the operation, support and 
management, and direction of all NSF programs and activities 
and includes necessary funds that develop, manage, and 
coordinate Foundation programs.
    The Committee has been disappointed and concerned with 
NSF's inability to provide specific information concerning the 
allocation of additional requested personnel resources to 
specific NSF programs and activities in both the fiscal year 
2005 operating plan, and in the fiscal year 2006 budget 
request. The Committee agrees that priority areas for the 
allocation of additional personnel include award oversight, and 
oversight of large facility projects. The Committee encourages 
NSF to assign additional resources to these activities. The 
Committee expects NSF to submit detailed information on the 
allocation of fiscal year 2005 staff resources as soon as 
possible. For fiscal year 2006, the Committee expects NSF to 
submit a specific allocation of any new staffing resources 
within 30 days after the enactment of this Act.

                  OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,000,000 for the 
operations of the National Science Board, which is $32,000 
above the current year level and the same as the request.
    The National Science Board, established in 1950, 
establishes policies and assesses the quality, relevance and 
performance of the National Science Foundation's awards and 
capital investments. In addition, the Board provides advice to 
the President and the Congress on matters of science and 
engineering policy.
    The Committee understands that the Board has taken steps to 
establish a commission to make recommendations for NSF and 
Federal Government action to achieve measurable improvements in 
the Nation's science education at all levels. The Committee 
strongly endorses this effort, and expects the Board to provide 
an interim report by September 30, 2005, on the establishment 
of the commission, and to report the commission's findings and 
recommendations to the Committee at the conclusion of the 
commission's work.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommendation includes $11,500,000 for the 
Office of Inspector General, which is $1,471,000 above the 
current year level and the same as the request.
    This account supports the National Science Foundation's 
audit and investigation functions to identify and correct 
management and administrative deficiencies that could lead to 
fraud, waste, and abuse.

            TITLE IV--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY

    The recommendation in this Title for the Department of 
State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors totals 
$9,662,718,000, which is $272,534,000 below the budget request 
and $1,117,489,000 below the amount provided in fiscal year 
2005, including supplemental amounts. Of the total amount 
provided, $9,531,018,000 is derived from general-purpose 
discretionary funds and $131,700,000 is scored as mandatory 
spending. The recommended funding levels include significant 
program increases to improve security, to meet emerging 
diplomatic requirements, and expanded public diplomacy efforts. 
The recommendation includes $1,599,723,000, an increase of 
$49,685,000 above the current year level, excluding 
supplemental appropriations, to continue worldwide security 
activities, including the design and construction of 
replacement facilities for the most vulnerable overseas posts.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    The Committee's fiscal year 2006 recommendation for the 
Department of State strongly supports ongoing efforts to 
strengthen diplomatic, embassy and border security, and to 
institutionalize management reforms. The Committee recommends a 
total of $9,031,825,000 for fiscal year 2006 for the Department 
of State. This amount is $251,484,000 below the budget request 
and $1,149,529,000 above the amount appropriated for fiscal 
year 2005, including supplemental appropriations. Of the total 
amount provided, $8,900,125,000 is derived from general-purpose 
discretionary funds and $131,700,000 is scored as mandatory 
spending.
    The Committee recommendation includes a total of 
$6,567,738,000 for the discretionary appropriations accounts 
under Administration of Foreign Affairs; $2,201,712,000 for the 
accounts under International Organizations; $63,800,000 for 
International Commissions; and $66,875,000 for Other 
activities. The Committee's recommended priorities for the 
Department of State are detailed in the following paragraphs.

                   Administration of Foreign Affairs


                    DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $4,436,641,000 for the Diplomatic 
and Consular Programs account, including $689,523,000 to 
continue funding for worldwide security upgrades, and 
$340,000,000 for public diplomacy international information 
programs.
    This appropriation provides for the formulation and 
execution of United States foreign policy, including the 
conduct of diplomatic and consular relations with foreign 
countries, diplomatic relations with international 
organizations, and related activities. The account includes 
funding for the regional, program, and operations bureaus and 
offices of the Department of State and the Foreign Service.
    The recommendation represents a decrease of $36,000,000 
below the request, and a decrease of $469,579,000 below the 
current year, including supplemental amounts. Within this 
total, the recommendation of $689,523,000 for worldwide 
security upgrades is $39,619,000 above the fiscal year 2005 
level and the same amount as requested. Exclusive of worldwide 
security upgrade programs, the recommendation includes 
$198,761,000 for pay and inflationary adjustments to base, 
offsets of one-time only programs totaling $6,027,000, and 
increases of $24,493,000. Security funding increases are 
described under the ``Worldwide Security Upgrades'' section 
below:
    Staffing Increases.--The Committee recommendation includes 
a program increase of $20,918,000 and 100 positions for non-
security staffing to respond to high-priority diplomatic 
requirements, including 33 positions and $7,700,000 for the 
Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization; 
47 positions and $9,291,000 for critical staffing needs, 
including non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and 
combating terrorist financing; and 20 positions and $3,927,000 
for critical needs language training, including Arabic, Chinese 
(Cantonese and Mandarin), Dari, Pashto, Korean, and Farsi. In 
addition to these amounts, $3,575,000 is provided to fully 
support the Department's regionalization efforts, including the 
office move from Vienna to Frankfurt, and for costs associated 
with the Florida regional center.
    Since 2001, the Committee has provided increases under the 
diplomatic and consular account totaling 2,476 new positions 
above attrition for the State Department. With the increased 
positions for fiscal year 2006, the Committee will have 
provided an increase above 2001 positions levels of 1,132 for 
operational readiness, an increase of 7.5 percent above 2001; 
510 new positions for border security/consular affairs, an 
increase of 24.7 percent; and 734 new positions for worldwide 
security upgrades, an increase of 140 percent.
    The Committee understands that a total of 358 of these new 
positions will have been allocated to newly opened or expanded 
posts in Kabul, Tripoli, Baghdad, and Khartoum. Yet, by the end 
of fiscal year 2006, the Committee expects that a total of 874 
new positions will have been provided for operational readiness 
initiatives around the world, not including the above-named 
posts. Therefore, the Committee recommendation includes 100 new 
diplomatic and consular positions, instead of the requested 
increase of 221 positions.
    Worldwide Security Upgrades.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $689,523,000, the full amount requested under 
Diplomatic and Consular Programs, for the costs of worldwide 
security upgrades, an increase of $39,619,000 above the current 
year level. The recommendation includes $639,415,000 for 
ongoing security activities, including guard services, physical 
security equipment, armored vehicles, chemical/biological 
program, personnel, training, and wireless communications; 
$43,400,000 to continue the perimeter/compound security 
initiative; and $6,708,000 in security staffing program 
increases.
    Security program increases include 55 positions and 
$6,708,000, including 3 new positions and $1,196,000 for the 
high threat protection program; 14 agents and $1,484,000 for 
protective intelligence investigations to be detailed to the 
Joint Terrorism Task Forces in the United States; 25 field 
office agents and $2,650,000 to augment the Department's high 
threat protection requirement, especially in support of the 
United Nations General Assembly in New York; 13 positions and 
$1,378,000 to support additional deployments by the Mobile 
Security Deployment teams. From the new positions provided, the 
Committee directs that one full-time agent be dedicated solely 
to the FBI's National Gang Intelligence Center within 30 days 
of the enactment of this Act.
    Public Diplomacy Programs.--In 1999, the United States 
Information Agency (USIA) programs were merged within the 
Department of State. At that time the position of Under 
Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs was 
established. Since then, the Committee has prioritized public 
diplomacy programs and has included language, designating 
amounts specifically for public diplomacy efforts. For fiscal 
year 2006, the recommendation provides $340,000,000 for Public 
Diplomacy programs under this account, an increase of 
$12,137,000 above the request. Within the amounts provided, 
$259,770,000 is for the regional bureaus, $63,197,000 is for 
the Bureau of International Information Programs, and 
$17,033,000 is for the functional bureaus/other support costs 
and payments.
    The need to strengthen our public diplomacy continues to 
gain urgency as we see alarming public opinion polls and 
foreign media content relating to the war on terrorism and the 
war in Iraq that reveal profound anti-American sentiments, and 
often a rejection of our policies. The need for expanded 
efforts is primarily, but not exclusively, in the Arab and 
Muslim world.
    Further, the Committee directs the Department to increase 
efforts to counter disinformation and deliberate 
misinformation, by monitoring hostile media and providing U.S. 
spokespersons and foreign media with factual information to 
respond and to counter malicious propaganda about the United 
States.
    The Committee is concerned by negative perceptions about 
the U.S. among foreign publics. More must be done to understand 
the sources of such perceptions. In the current year, the 
Committee has tasked the Department to enlist external 
expertise to better understand what actions the United States 
Government (USG), non-profit organizations, the business 
community, civic society and other actors should take to 
improve the perception of the U.S. among foreign publics; 
actions the USG and others can take to direct young, educated 
people in the Muslim world away from extremism and violence; 
how public diplomacy can best contribute to effecting real 
change in the Middle East; and how to improve the presentation 
of America as the major contributor to the international 
community as the world's leading donor of food, technology, and 
financial aid. The Committee recommendation directs the 
Department to review the conclusions of this study and to 
provide resources for follow-on efforts.
    The Committee recommendation transfers the funding and 
program management of the American Corners program from the 
regional bureaus to the Bureau of International Information 
Programs to enable more oversight and management of the program 
in the overall context of the Department's public diplomacy 
programs. In addition, the Committee recommendation supports 
the transfer of funding and the function of the 
microscholarship program to the educational and cultural 
exchanges program.
    The Committee continues to believe that separately 
identifying public diplomacy resources will facilitate the 
Committee's ability to monitor funding levels and trends for 
these activities. The amount identified for public diplomacy 
programs includes the costs of personnel and programs 
throughout the Department. The Committee expects the Department 
to identify any impediments to optimal performance of public 
diplomacy programs and propose any necessary changes, including 
organizational changes, through the reprogramming process. The 
recommendation for public diplomacy will support the 
continuation of programs in the Arab and Muslim world, which 
have been expanded since fiscal year 2002. The Committee 
directs the Department to provide quarterly reports to the 
Committee on the steps taken to increase efforts to counter 
Anti-American sentiments around the world. The Committee 
remains disappointed in the plan submitted to the Committee as 
directed in the statement of managers accompanying the fiscal 
year 2005 appropriations Act, to outline the criteria for 
measuring performance of these public diplomacy efforts. The 
Committee is supportive of the establishment of an office of 
policy, plans, and resources within the Office of the Under 
Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, but has been 
dismayed by the lack of progress in establishing measurable 
results for Public Diplomacy programs.
    The Committee considers United States Government-sponsored 
international broadcasting to be an essential component of 
public diplomacy. The Committee expects the State Department to 
assist the Broadcasting Board of Governors in ensuring that 
secure broadcasting capabilities are available to critical 
regions of the world. Since September 11, 2001, the Committee 
has made significant investments to expand international 
broadcasting efforts, primarily in the Arab and Muslim world. 
Therefore, the Committee directs the Department to report back 
to the Committee on diplomatic efforts it has taken to support 
the expansion of the audiences for U.S. international 
broadcasting transmissions to this region of the world. The 
Committee expects this report to be submitted to the Committee 
no later than November 11, 2005.
    The Committee supports the Bureau of International 
Information Program's (IIP) efforts to work to implement book 
programs in a variety of overseas countries, working with 
public affairs officers at the U.S. embassies. The Committee 
recommends the continuation of funding at the current year 
level, and urges the Department to ensure that book programs 
meet all appropriate reporting requirements. The Committee 
expects the IIP Bureau to evaluate these programs, to include 
operations, activities, and accomplishments. The Committee 
expects the Department to document how the book program 
supported the specific program goals, and measure the impact of 
the books on the target audience.
    Intelligence and Research.--The Committee recommendation 
includes an increase of $5,000,000 above the requested level of 
funding for the Bureau of Intelligence and Research to focus on 
preventing terrorism, resolving regional conflicts, preventing 
and curtailing the proliferation of weapons of mass 
destruction, and anticipating and responding to humanitarian 
crises. The Committee continues to support the Bureau's efforts 
to carry out global public opinion polling.
    Border Security Program.--The recommendation includes 
$930,610,000 for the Department's Border Security program, of 
which $74,213,000 is from appropriated funds, $672,097,000 is 
funded through collection of Machine Readable Visa (MRV) fees 
and $184,300,000 is to be funded through the Enhanced Border 
Security Program Fees and Visa Fraud Fees. The total amount is 
an increase of $66,144,000 above the fiscal year 2005 program 
level. This funding level includes a program increase of 55 new 
positions for a total position base of 2,662 positions by the 
end of fiscal year 2006. The Committee understands these new 
positions are needed to handle the increased domestic passport 
workload as well as changes in the visa process, including more 
extensive interviewing of applicants and the implementation of 
biometric collection. The Committee directs the Department to 
continue its bimonthly reporting on MRV fee revenue as 
specified in the conference report accompanying the fiscal year 
2003 Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 108-11).
    The Committee urges the Department to continue to work on 
an interagency basis to strengthen the visa process to make it 
an effective anti-terrorism tool, while avoiding the creation 
of unnecessary barriers or delays to legitimate travel to the 
United States. In addition, the Committee continues to support 
Bureau of Consular Affairs efforts to implement the diversity 
visa program.
    Fingerprint Technology Standards.--In a December 2004 
report, the Inspector General of the Department of Justice 
concluded that the Departments of Justice, Homeland Security, 
and State have not agreed on a uniform fingerprint technology 
standard nor have they agreed on how to develop a fully 
interoperable system that provides law enforcement agencies 
with readily and easily available access to Homeland Security 
records. The report goes on to state that the Department of 
Justice cannot proceed with planning to make the FBI 
fingerprint database interoperable with systems from the 
Departments of Homeland Security and State until decisions are 
made regarding who will be subject to fingerprint searches, the 
standard to be used, the databases to be used, and other 
issues. In testimony before the Committee, the Departments of 
State and Justice stated that they are working within the 
Administration to resolve these issues. The Committee expects 
both Departments to resolve these issues expeditiously and 
report back to the Committee within 90 days of the enactment of 
this Act. The Committee is dismayed that this issue remains 
unsolved and believes that this represents an unacceptable 
lapse in national security.
    Interagency Task Force.--The recommendation continues base 
funding for costs associated with the operation of a U.S. 
Government interagency task force to monitor the United Nations 
headquarters renovation project.
    Minority Recruitment and Hiring.--The Department is 
directed to continue base funding for the educational 
partnership with Hostos Community College and Columbia 
University. This program supports the Department's ongoing 
efforts to increase minority hiring and diversity by 
facilitating the preparation of non-traditional and minority 
students for careers in the Foreign Service and the State 
Department. The Committee also expects the Department to 
continue base funding for an ongoing partnership with Howard 
University in support of the Department's efforts to enhance 
the diversity of the U.S. diplomatic corps by increasing the 
number of underrepresented minorities in foreign relations and 
international affairs careers. These resources are to continue 
and expand the successful collaborative partnership between the 
Department and Howard University to recruit and prepare 
students from various institutions with large minority 
populations for positions in the U.S. Foreign Service.
    Overseas Schools.--The Committee commends the Consolidated 
Overseas Schools Assistance Program for its continuing 
effectiveness in improving the quality of education for 
American children residing abroad. This program fulfills the 
two-fold purpose of providing a high quality, American-style 
education for children of Americans assigned overseas and 
demonstrating American educational philosophy and practice to 
children of other countries and local educators. The Committee 
also commends the continuing contribution of the Overseas 
Schools Advisory Council and its Program of Educational 
Assistance that helps provide educational excellence to 
American overseas schools. In addition, the Council 
successfully promotes financial and in-kind support to these 
schools from American businesses and foundations, as well as 
volunteer participation in activities of the schools by 
American firms' employees and their spouses stationed overseas.
    Security of Classified Material.--Consistent with the 
report submitted to the Committee in 2002 and language included 
since fiscal year 2004, the recommendation includes necessary 
sums to continue efforts to replace locks used to secure 
classified information.
    Tibet.--A number of provisions in the Tibetan Policy Act 
fall under the jurisdiction of the Department of State 
including provisions concerning establishment of a U.S. 
presence in Lhasa; Tibetan language training and requirements 
for Foreign Service officers; promotion of advocacy on 
religious freedom in Tibet; necessary support for the Office of 
the Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues; and the need to 
raise inter-departmental awareness of the provisions of this 
legislation. The Committee urges the relevant bureaus and 
offices within the Department to ensure the full implementation 
of the Tibetan Policy Act. The Committee directs the Department 
to report to the Committee on Appropriations, 90 days after 
enactment, on the steps it has taken to fully implement the 
Tibetan Policy Act.
    In view of the Department of State's recent report to the 
Committee on implementation of the Tibetan Policy Act of 2002, 
the Committee recognizes the important role played by the 
Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues in implementing this 
Act. To this end, the Committee recommendation includes 
$1,000,000 for salaries and expenses for an office to support 
the Coordinator in carrying out the broad responsibilities 
detailed in Section 621(d) of PL 107-228, as well as for 
convening coordinating meetings for appropriate United States 
Government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and 
representatives of the Tibetan leadership. The Committee 
expects that the office will consist of approximately three 
professional full-time staff and such support staff as may be 
needed, in addition to the Special Coordinator.
    Legislative Affairs.--The recommendation includes language, 
similar to language carried for the other Departments funded 
under this Act, establishing a budget and position ceiling for 
the Bureau of Legislative Affairs.
    Stabilization and Reconstruction.--The Committee strongly 
supports the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and 
Stabilization. The Committee understands that this office will 
be the central entity to plan and coordinate United States 
Government civilian activities in pre- and post-conflict 
environments, and to coordinate the U.S. government reaction to 
complex contingencies. The Committee understands that this 
office would improve operational response time in the areas of 
reconstruction, stabilization, and humanitarian assistance. The 
Committee appreciates the Department's recognition of the 
requirement to provide a civilian management component to 
stabilization and reconstruction efforts. The Committee 
supports the efforts to maintain a capacity that can mobilize 
U.S. experts from Federal, State, and local levels, as well as 
from the private and non-profit sectors, to respond to post-
conflict and other emergencies. The recommendation continues 
the level of support provided through the fiscal year 2005 
supplemental appropriations. The Committee expects to be 
notified of any expansion of the office or additional funding 
requirements as required by section 605 of this Act.
    Export Control Process.--American industry is being 
hampered in the international marketplace by the lack of a 
clear-cut, well understood and responsive export control 
policy. Therefore, the Committee directs the State Department, 
in consultation with the Commerce Department, to provide a plan 
within 90 days of enactment of this Act to help effectuate a 
more timely and accurate export licensing process.
    Trafficking in Persons.--The Committee continues to be 
concerned about the serious problem of international 
trafficking in persons. The Committee recommendation continues 
funding for the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in 
Persons. The Committee supports the efforts of the Office to 
further strengthen the annual reporting process and those of 
the Department-led Senior Policy Operating Group to coordinate 
interagency activities to implement the Trafficking Victims 
Prevention Act of 2000.
    Drug Trafficking.--The cultivation of opium poppies has 
flourished in Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban regime 
in 2001. The Committee finds this to be an unacceptable trend 
and directs the Department to support the Afghanistan 
government's efforts to combat the trafficking of heroin.
    International Cooperative Administrative Support Services 
system (ICASS).--The ICASS system was intended to empower all 
U.S. government agencies located at an overseas post to more 
efficiently and economically provide administrative support 
services. The Committee understands that nearly 18,000 
personnel located overseas are considered ICASS staff. 
Approximately ninety-five percent are local hires and the 
remaining are American direct hires. The Government 
Accountability Office has concluded a review of the ICASS 
system and has highlighted concerns. Many positions charged as 
ICASS positions in overseas posts are not categorized as such 
by the local ICASS council. In a time of severe budget 
constraints the Department is directed to ensure the integrity 
of this program.
    War Crimes.--Charles Taylor, the former president of 
Liberia, has been indicted by the Special Court for Sierra 
Leone and faces 17 counts of war crimes, crimes against 
humanity, and violations of international humanitarian law. 
Charles Taylor organized and ordered widespread and systematic 
attacks on the civilian population of Sierra Leone. According 
to the indictment, his supporters commonly used abductions, 
hacking off of limbs, facial and bodily mutilations, and gang 
rapes to wage a terror campaign against civilians who did not 
fully support the Revolutionary United Front in Sierra Leone. 
The Committee directs the Department to take all necessary 
steps to ensure that Charles Taylor is handed over to the 
custody of the Special Court and brought to justice.
    International Religious Freedom.--The recommendation 
continues funding for the Office of International Religious 
Freedom in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. The 
Committee continues to support the integration of religious 
freedom into United States foreign policy. The Committee 
expects the Office to develop and implement comprehensive 
strategies to promote religious liberty, and to assist in the 
preparation of the Human Rights Reports and the annual Report 
on International Religious Freedom. The Committee also expects 
the Office, in consultation with the Commission on 
International Religious Freedom, to work to further incorporate 
religious freedom themes in the Department's public diplomacy 
programs. In addition, the Committee expects the Department to 
continue to integrate the internationally recognized right to 
freedom of religion into Foreign Service Officer training at 
all levels. The Director of the National Foreign Affairs 
Training Center should work with the Ambassador at Large for 
International Religious Freedom and the U.S. Commission on 
International Religious Freedom on incorporating international 
religious freedom issues, including materials, curriculum, and 
innovative ways to integrate religious freedom issues into the 
training modules.
    The Committee urges to every extent possible the Secretary 
of State to continue to monitor and promote religious freedom 
and human rights in Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, Pakistan, 
North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and 
Vietnam. The Committee further expects the Secretary of State 
to use all available forums and formal actions to address 
violations of religious freedom in these countries. The 
Secretary of State should continue to consult with the U.S. 
Commission on International Religious Freedom to promote 
religious freedom and human rights abroad.
    The Committee directs that within the planned personnel 
complement for Baghdad, Iraq, that one Foreign Service Officer 
be assigned as the lead human rights official in Baghdad. This 
officer should be tasked with encouraging incorporation of 
human rights principles during Iraq's constitutional and legal 
reconstruction, and especially to secure strong human rights 
provisions, including freedom of thought, conscience, religion 
or belief, in the permanent Iraqi constitution.
    Right-Sizing the U.S. Government Presence Overseas.--The 
Committee continues to define right-sizing as the 
reconfiguration of overseas U.S. Government staff to the number 
necessary to achieve U.S. foreign policy goals. The Committee 
is convinced, and agrees with the recommendation of the 
Overseas Presence Advisory Panel, that rationalizing staffing 
and operations abroad has the potential for significant 
budgetary savings. It costs two to three times as much to 
maintain an employee outside of the United States as it does 
within the United States. The notion of right-sizing as a 
desirable means to improve security and gain efficiencies 
implies that the current number of overseas staff in some 
locations is greater than the minimum number necessary, and 
that the presence of a number greater than the minimum number 
presents an unnecessary and unacceptable financial and security 
burden. Given the security requirements for the U.S. mission in 
Iraq, the Committee strongly urges the Department to use the 
most stringent criteria for determining staffing levels. As 
part of the overall right-sizing function, the Committee 
encourages the Department to review the ICASS system and fully 
explore how ICASS can contribute to right-sizing efforts. The 
Committee recommendation continues funding for the Office on 
Right-Sizing the United States Government Overseas Presence.
    Presence in China.--The United States currently maintains 
six diplomatic facilities in the People's Republic of China. 
Given the size of China's population and its rapid economic 
growth, the Committee believes that our relations with China 
are growing in importance and workload. Many of the American 
companies exporting goods and services regard China as an 
important marketplace. Yet, many American companies find China 
to be a source of many unfair trading practices which are 
detrimental to the economic security of certain companies. The 
Committee expects that staffing plans will reflect this 
reality. Further, the Committee continues to emphasize the key 
human rights, religious freedom, economic and military issues 
the Department will have to monitor in the coming years. The 
Committee is concerned that the Department's number of 
proficient Chinese language speakers is inadequate to meet the 
anticipated presence requirements in China. The Committee 
expects the Department to increase language training, as 
necessary.
    The Committee continues to urge the Department and the 
Administration to actively seek legislation to provide just and 
equitable compensation for all victims of international 
terrorism and their surviving family members.
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Enforcement.--Experts 
report that the problem with pirating and counterfeiting has 
grown to an estimated $200 billion a year problem and the theft 
of artistic and scientific creation is draining our economy. 
The Committee notes the United States has not yet taken an 
intellectual property rights enforcement case against its 
trading partners to stem the hemorrhaging of U.S. intellectual 
property. The embassies in key markets, including China, 
Russia, and Brazil should conduct market surveys to determine 
methodologies/benchmarks for measuring levels of piracy and 
counterfeiting, and to conduct market research to determine the 
actual levels of piracy/counterfeiting. The Committee expects 
the Department to work closely with industry and to work with 
economist/market research firms, as practicable.
    Some of China's IPR problems are attributable to rogue 
provinces and localities that do not adhere to IPR directives 
of the central government. The U.S. government including the 
State Department and the United States Trade Representative's 
Office should develop expertise on the situation in key 
provinces, and increase dialogue with officials in those 
provinces to enable the implementation of IPR commitments.
    Intercountry Adoption.--The Committee is concerned that the 
on-going delay in implementing the Hague Convention on 
Intercountry Adoption, which was ratified by the United States 
Senate in 2000, is a hindrance to U.S. negotiations with other 
countries to lower barriers to international adoption. While 
the Department has proposed regulations to implement the 
treaty, they must publish final regulations in order for the 
United States to formally ratify the treaty. The Committee 
encourages the Department to transmit completed regulations to 
the Office of Management and Budget for final approval within 
60 days of enactment of this Act.
    The Committee has included language in the bill, similar to 
language in prior years, which: (1) permits not to exceed 
$4,000,000 to be transferred to the Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service account for emergency 
evacuations and terrorism rewards; (2) provides $1,426,000 in 
fees collected from other Executive Branch agencies and 
$490,000 from reserves for lease or use of facilities at the 
International Center Complex, as authorized by law; (3) 
provides not to exceed $15,000 from reimbursements, surcharges, 
and fees for use of Blair House facilities in accordance with 
the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956; (4) 
requires notification of Congress before processing licenses 
for the export of satellites to China; and (5) makes not to 
exceed $6,000,000 in fee collections available until expended 
for various activities.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

    The Committee recommends $128,263,000 for the Capital 
Investment Fund, which is $1,000 below the comparative current 
year level, and $4,737,000 below the request. In fiscal year 
2005, funding for the Departments information technology 
efforts were included under this account as well as the 
``centralized information technology modernization program'' 
account.
    In addition, the budget request estimates that $116,000,000 
in expedited passport fees will be used to support the 
information technology modernization effort, for a total fiscal 
year 2006 spending availability of $244,263,000.
    The entire amount available under this heading, including 
fees, will support investments in new information technologies 
and infrastructure to improve the efficiency of Department 
operations.
    The Committee recommendation provides the full requested 
amount of $39,672,000 for the State Messaging and Archive 
Retrieval Toolset initiative, an increase of $7,606,000 above 
the current year level. This project will integrate all 
Department systems through which people exchange information, 
including the outmoded telegram system. This single web-based 
system will also advance the goals of the Foreign Affairs 
Systems Integration project, which received funding in previous 
years, namely enhancing the ability of employees to communicate 
across agency and geographic boundaries. In addition, the 
recommendation includes $7,740,000 for public key 
infrastructure requirements, to complete the effort to 
establish secure interagency communications.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $29,983,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General (OIG), which is $46,000 below the fiscal year 
2005 level and the same as the request. The Inspector General 
conducts oversight of the State Department and the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors. The Committee continues to highlight the 
requirement for OIG oversight of the Department's efforts to 
implement worldwide security upgrades.
    The Committee recommendation includes language, as in 
previous years, waiving the statutory requirement that every 
post be inspected every five years, in order to provide greater 
flexibility to the Inspector General to use resources in the 
most critical areas.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

    The bill includes a total of $410,400,000 for the 
Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs of the Department of 
State. This amount is $54,468,000 above the fiscal year 2005 
level, and $20,000,000 below the budget request.
    Funding provided under this heading, supports international 
educational and cultural exchange programs, including the 
Fulbright student and scholar exchanges and the International 
Visitors Program, as well as related staff and administrative 
costs. To the maximum extent possible, the Committee urges that 
the following exchange programs be supported: the Congress-
Bundestag youth exchange program; the disability exchange 
clearinghouse; foreign study grants for U.S. undergraduates; 
Future leaders exchange programs; Teaching Excellence Awards 
and Partnerships in Education; Educational advising in Eurasia; 
Muskie Graduate and Ph.D. Fellowships; Youth Exchange and 
Excellence Award programs; the Junior Faculty Development 
program; educational advising and counseling; citizen exchange 
programs; interparliamentary exchanges; youth science 
leadership exchanges; American overseas research centers; 
Mitchell Scholarships; and exchanges with Tibet, the South 
Pacific, and Timor Leste. Regarding the Congress-Bundestag 
Program, the Committee intends that the amount provided will 
support 380 exchanges in fiscal year 2006, the same level as in 
fiscal year 2005.
    Further, the Committee directs the Department to review 
proposals from the Virginia Military Institute to initiate an 
exchange of students with the American University in Beirut, 
and with the Christopher Newport University to initiate 
cultural exchanges regarding the World Leaders Forum on the 
Future of Democracy. The Committee also supports the placement 
of a Fulbright scholar at the Center for American Studies and 
Research of the American University of Beirut.
    Regarding Fulbright exchanges with Tibet, the Committee 
expects that sufficient resources will be allocated to provide 
for 25 Tibetan scholars for the academic year. Regarding 
Citizen Exchanges, the Committee expects that increased 
resources will be allocated to the Traditional Public-Private 
Partnership grants in a sufficient amount to allow for the 
expansion of operations, programs, and alumni outreach. The 
Committee continues to support artistic and cultural exchange 
of persons programs as an important component of foreign 
policy. Within the levels provided, sufficient funds should be 
made available to continue such exchanges. Further, the Bureau 
of Educational and Cultural Affairs is expected to work with 
the Bureau of Consular Affairs to minimize unnecessary barriers 
or delays to legitimate travel to the United States for the 
purpose of such exchanges.
    The Committee recommendation continues enhanced support for 
programs to engage Arab and Muslim audiences through 
educational and cultural exchanges as the highest programmatic 
priority under this account. The Committee expects the 
Department to allocate adequate funding to continue and expand 
Fulbright Exchanges (including American Studies), English 
Language Programs (including English Language Fellows), 
International Visitor programs, and Values/Religious Tolerance 
programs (including cultural exchanges) for these audiences.
    The Committee supports the transfer of the microscholarship 
program funding from under the diplomatic and consular services 
account to this account to ensure a more seamless application 
and monitoring process. The Committee understands this program 
has provided more than 3,000 English language microscholarships 
to young people in many Arab and Muslim regions of the world. 
The focus of this program is to provide English language 
training to non-elite audiences with the hope that learning 
English will open a window to the English-speaking world, 
helping to dispel misinformation and misunderstandings that can 
breed resentment of the United States and its citizens.
    The Committee lauds the efforts of the educational and 
cultural exchange programs (ECA). ECA received from the Office 
of Management and Budget Program Assessment Rating Tools (PART) 
ratings of 98 percent and 97 percent, the highest in the State 
Department and in the top one-percent in the Executive Branch.
    The Committee expects that a proposal for the programmatic 
and geographic distribution of available resources (including 
unobligated balances and recoveries) will be submitted through 
the normal reprogramming process within 60 days from the date 
of enactment of this Act. The Committee expects that the 
overall funding distribution will conform to the programmatic 
and geographical guidance above.
    The Committee supports exchange programs for foreign 
visitors and students on religious freedom, the relationship 
between religion and the state, and the role of religion in 
civil society. The Department of State is urged to expand 
existing religious freedom programs and consider new 
initiatives in its Educational and Cultural Exchange programs. 
The Department should consult with the U.S. Commission on 
International Religious Freedom on specific countries in 
regards to tailored programs for visitors and students from 
those countries.
    The Committee recommendation includes a limitation of not 
to exceed $2,000,000 on the use of fees or other payments 
received from or in connection with English teaching, 
educational advising and counseling, and exchange visitor 
programs as authorized by law.

                       REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES

    The Committee recommends $8,281,000 for representation 
allowances authorized by section 905 of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980. This amount is $243,000 below the amount available in 
fiscal year 2005 and the same as the budget request. These 
funds are used to reimburse Foreign Service Officers for 
expenditures incurred in their official capacities abroad in 
establishing and maintaining relations with officials of 
foreign governments and appropriate members of local 
communities. The Department shall submit a quarterly report to 
the Committee containing detailed information on the allotment 
and expenditure of this appropriation.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

    The Committee recommends a total of $9,390,000 for the 
Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials account. This is 
$372,000 below the amount available in fiscal year 2005, and 
the same as the request.
    This account reimburses local governments and communities 
for the extraordinary costs incurred in providing protection 
for international organizations, foreign missions and 
officials, and foreign dignitaries under certain circumstances. 
The Committee believes that local jurisdictions incurring such 
costs must submit a certified billing for such costs in 
accordance with program regulations. The Committee also 
believes that, in those instances where a local jurisdiction 
will realize a financial benefit from a visit by a foreign 
dignitary through increased tax revenues, such circumstances 
should be taken into account by the Department in assessing the 
need for reimbursement under this program. The Committee 
expects the Department to treat such submissions diligently and 
provide reimbursement to local jurisdictions on a timely basis 
if claims are fully justified.
    The Committee is aware of concerns regarding the level of 
reimbursement for protection expenses in light of heightened 
security measures since September 11, 2001. The Committee 
directs the Department to report to the Committee within 30 
days of the enactment of this Act on the amount of valid 
outstanding reimbursement claims; the availability of 
appropriated funds to pay such claims, including balances of 
prior year supplemental appropriations; and how the Department 
intends to budget for such needs in future years.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

    The Committee recommends a total appropriation of 
$1,513,710,000 for Embassy Security, Construction, and 
Maintenance. This amount is $10,066,000 above the amount 
available in fiscal year 2005 (excluding supplemental 
appropriations) and $12,290,000 below the budget request. The 
recommendation designates $910,200,000 as available only for 
priority worldwide security upgrades, acquisition, and 
construction, the full amount requested for such activities. 
The recommendation includes $603,510,000 for non-security 
related costs, which is the same as the amount provided in 
fiscal year 2005 and $12,290,000 below the budget request.
    This account provides funds to manage U.S. Government real 
property overseas and maintain Government-owned and long-term 
leased properties at approximately 260 posts, and to lease 
office and functional facilities and residential units, not 
only for the Department of State, but also for all U.S. 
employees overseas.
    Worldwide Security Upgrades.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $910,200,000 for security projects, the full amount 
requested and an increase of $10,066,000 over the fiscal year 
2005 level, to continue the capital security program of 
constructing new secure replacement facilities for the 
Department's most vulnerable embassies and consulates and 
providing additional security measures and upgrades. The 
Committee expects that projects undertaken under this program 
will address the security of the highest priority facilities. 
In previous fiscal years, the Department has proposed to 
reprogram funds under this activity for projects that do not 
address top priority security vulnerabilities and for projects 
that will not result, when complete, in a facility that meets 
existing security standards. The Committee expects that 
worldwide security funds will be used only for projects that 
meet these specifications. The Committee recommendation will 
support the construction of an estimated nine new embassy 
compounds, four United States Agency for International 
Development (USAID) buildings on secure embassy compounds, the 
design of an additional new embassy compound, and the 
acquisition of a number of secure sites for future embassy 
compound construction. The Committee notes that funding 
provided under this heading for USAID facilities is expected to 
be supplemented by USAID contributions through the Capital 
Security Cost Sharing Program, which is discussed in more 
detail below.
    The Committee recommendation also includes $100,000,000, 
the amount requested, to continue the compound security upgrade 
program. The Committee understands that this program includes 
the installation of forced entry/ballistic resistant roof 
hatches, vault doors and power-assisted vehicle barriers, and 
other similar measures. The Committee expects that this funding 
will also provide physical security improvements to residential 
compounds and other locations where American citizens gather. 
Priority should be given to residential and compound security.
    The Committee expects that a proposed spending plan for the 
entire amount of available resources for worldwide security 
upgrades will be submitted through the normal reprogramming 
process within 60 days of the date of enactment of this Act. 
The Department shall notify the Committee immediately if there 
are any facilities that the Department believes face serious 
security risks.
    The Committee continues to support the Capital Security 
Cost Sharing Program. Under this program, all agencies that 
have staff overseas under Chief of Mission authority pay a fair 
share of urgent, security-driven capital projects undertaken to 
replace embassies and consulates at the most vulnerable posts. 
The goals of this program are twofold. First, the program 
accelerates the replacement of unsafe, unsecured and outdated 
diplomatic facilities that are used overseas by U.S. Government 
agencies. This is planned as a 14-year, $17,500,000,000 program 
to replace 150 vulnerable embassy and consulate facilities with 
new compounds that fully comply with statutory security 
requirements. Second, the program will create incentives within 
all government departments and agencies to scrutinize and 
``right-size'' their overseas presence to avoid unnecessary 
costs and security risks. Each agency with staff overseas under 
Chief of Mission authority has, built into their fiscal year 
2006 budget request, an annual contribution towards 
construction of new secure diplomatic facilities based on the 
number of positions overseas and the type of space occupied. 
These contributions do not take the place of State Department 
contributions, which are also growing, but create a larger, 
shared funding pool to accelerate replacement.
    The recommendation assumes a total program level of 
$1,013,300,000 in fiscal year 2006 for Capital Security 
Construction, including $810,200,000 under this account, and 
$203,100,000 from non-State agencies, based on positions 
worldwide. Of this total, the additional amount generated by 
the Capital Security Cost Sharing program is $596,716,000; 
which consists of $393,616,000 from the State Department that 
is included in the recommendation under this account, and 
$203,000,000 from non-state agencies. The Committee understands 
that there is an anticipated five-year phase-in period for the 
program, wherein the total Government-wide amount grows from 
$1,013,300,000 in fiscal year 2006 to $1,400,000,000, then 
remains at that level for the next 8 years. The Committee 
further understands that the program will include agency 
involvement in setting priorities and in other aspects of the 
development of new embassy compounds. The Committee believes 
that the establishment of strong interagency coordination and 
cooperation will be critical to achievement of program goals 
and encourages the Department and the Administration to ensure 
that the management of this program is inclusive, cooperative 
and transparent.
    The Committee recommendation provides $603,510,000 for 
operations and maintenance activities, which is $12,290,000 
below the request, and the same as the current year level. The 
Committee notes that the requested amount included $22,356,000 
in program increases. The Committee recommendation also 
includes $8,609,000 for headquarters operations. The Committee 
directs the Department to prioritize requested funding 
increases and to specifically identify amounts above current 
services in a comprehensive spending plan to be submitted no 
later than 60 days after enactment of this Act.
    Assets Management.--The budget request designates 
$107,052,000 in assets management funds planned for obligation 
in fiscal year 2006. The Committee expects that these funds 
will be used for opportunity purchases to replace uneconomical 
leases and for other priority capital acquisition purposes. In 
addition, as in previous years, the Committee expects that 
assets management funds will continue to be allocated in part 
to security construction needs. Any use of these or additional 
assets management funds in fiscal year 2006 is subject to 
reprogramming. In addition, with respect to the requirement 
that a reprogramming for any major new start be submitted, the 
Committee understands that requirement to mean that any 
rehabilitation or construction projects involving an 
ambassador's residence will be subject to the requirement. In 
addition to regular reporting provided to the Committee on 
acquisition and disposal of overseas property, the Department 
shall submit a report to the Committee by November 11, 2005, 
listing all properties disposed of, or in process for disposal, 
along with associated actual or anticipated proceeds of sale, 
at posts which have had funding approved for the construction 
of a new secure compound in, or after, fiscal year 1999.
    The recommendation continues language carried in the bill 
in previous years that prohibits funds from being used for 
acquisition of furniture and furnishings and generators for 
other departments and agencies.
    The Committee commends the Bureau of Overseas Buildings 
Operations (OBO) for continuing its internal management 
innovations to increase performance and accountability, to 
streamline operations, and to control costs. Recognizing that 
the increased complexity of a growing program of construction, 
real estate, operations/maintenance, and planning activities 
requires greater technological and information systems 
integration, the Committee encourages OBO to pursue development 
of integrated building management systems. Such technology 
upgrades to integrate disparate legacy systems will protect the 
large and continuing investment of taxpayer resources in 
overseas properties and those who occupy them. The Committee 
has provided sufficient resources to support this effort.
    The Committee expects that new embassy projects advanced by 
the Department will have been properly planned and right-sized, 
with regional considerations, projecting anticipated needs and 
requirements by the date submitted to Congress. In rare 
circumstances where global conditions dictate a significant 
change in requirements after Congress has approved funding for 
a specific project, the Department should be proactive in 
informing Congress and requesting any additional funding 
without risking execution of projects already approved. The 
Committee directs the Department to execute the new embassy 
compound as planned for Khartoum, Sudan within the $76,100,000 
appropriated in fiscal year 2005. Any changes to requirements, 
including follow-on requirements, either for an enlarged 
mission in Khartoum or for any change in staffing in the 
region, should be communicated to this Committee within 120 
days of enactment, including a re-prioritized ranking of other 
posts within the region for which project funding would be 
deferred in favor of these new requirements.
    Right-Sizing the U.S. Government Overseas Presence.--The 
Committee directs the Office of Overseas Buildings Operation to 
work closely with the Office on Right-Sizing the U.S. 
Government Overseas Presence to ensure that projected staffing 
levels for new embassy compounds are prepared in a disciplined 
and realistic manner and that these estimates become a basis 
for determining the size, configuration and budget of new 
embassy compound construction projects. The justification for 
all facilities projects funded under this account must include 
a full explanation of regional efficiency and security 
planning, and related staffing assumptions. Such projects will 
not be approved for funding absent evidence of the application 
of a uniform right-sizing methodology.

           EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 to enable the 
Secretary of State to meet unforeseen emergencies arising in 
the Diplomatic and Consular Service. This amount is $9,013,000 
above the fiscal year 2005 appropriation, and $3,643,000 below 
the budget request. In addition, the Committee expects 
significant carryover balances to be available for obligation 
in fiscal year 2006. Funding provided in this account is 
available until expended.
    The recommendation includes new language as a general 
provision in title IV to expand the eligible recipients of 
rewards from the rewards program.
    The Committee has included a provision in the bill that 
permits up to $1,000,000 to be transferred from this account to 
the Repatriation Loans Program account, as requested in the 
budget. This provision will ensure an adequate level of 
resources for loans to American citizens through the 
Repatriation Loans Program account should that account require 
additional funds in fiscal year 2006 due to an unanticipated 
increase in the number of loans.
    This appropriation provides resources for the Department of 
State to meet emergency requirements in the conduct of foreign 
affairs. The Committee recommendation provides funds for: (1) 
travel and subsistence expenses for relocation of American 
employees of the United States Government and their families 
from troubled areas to the United States and/or safe-haven 
posts; (2) allowances granted to State Department employees and 
their dependents evacuated to the United States for the 
convenience of the Government; and (3) payment of rewards for 
information concerning terrorist activities.

                   REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommendation includes $712,000 for the 
subsidy cost of repatriation loans and $607,000 for 
administrative costs of the program as authorized by 22 U.S.C. 
2671, which is $116,000 above the amount available in fiscal 
year 2005 and the same as the budget request.
    This account provides emergency loans to assist destitute 
Americans abroad who have no other source of funds to return to 
the United States.

              PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

    The Committee recommends $19,751,000 for the appropriation 
entitled ``Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan''. This 
amount is $529,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level and the 
same as the request. The recommendation provides for the 
Institute's pay and inflationary base adjustments. In addition, 
the Institute is authorized to collect Machine Readable Visa 
fees, as well as reimbursements from agencies and user fees 
from trade show exhibitors.
    The Committee expects that the American Institute in Taiwan 
(AIT) will cover anticipated operating expenses in fiscal year 
2006 through a combination of appropriations and visa fee 
revenues. The Committee expects the Department to submit by 
November 1, 2005, an AIT spending plan for fiscal year 2006, 
indicating the total amount of estimated fee collections, the 
amount of such fee collections allocated for operating 
expenses, and the total amount planned for operating expenses 
from all funding sources.
    The Taiwan Relations Act requires that programs concerning 
Taiwan be carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan and 
authorizes funds to be appropriated to the Secretary of State 
to carry out the provisions of the Act. The Institute 
administers programs in the areas of economic and commercial 
services, cultural affairs, travel services, and logistics. The 
Department of State contracts with the American Institute in 
Taiwan to carry out these activities.

     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

    The Committee recommends $131,700,000 for the appropriation 
entitled ``Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and 
Disability Fund''. This amount is the full budget request and 
$900,000 below the amount appropriated for fiscal year 2005. 
The amount provided in the Committee recommendation is required 
to amortize the unfunded liability in the system, as documented 
by the annual evaluation of Fund balances.
    This appropriation, which is considered mandatory for 
budget scorekeeping purposes, is authorized by the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980, which provides for an appropriation to the 
Fund in 30 equal annual installments of the amount required for 
the unfunded liability created by new benefits, new groups of 
beneficiaries, or increased salaries on which benefits are 
computed. The Retirement Fund is maintained through 
contributions made by participants, matching government 
contributions, special government contributions (including this 
account), interest on investments, and voluntary contributions.

                      International Organizations


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    The recommendation includes a total of $1,166,212,000 for 
payment of obligations of United States membership in 
international organizations as authorized by conventions, 
treaties, or specific Acts of Congress for fiscal year 2006. 
This amount is $130,288,000 below the amount in the request, 
and the same amount available in fiscal year 2005.
    The amount provided in the bill is intended to pay 
assessments for membership in international organizations, 
including the United Nations (U.N.). Funding in the bill is 
consistent with the U.S. policy of zero nominal growth for the 
United Nations budget.
    In addition, the amount provides funding for assessments 
for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and 
the related North Atlantic Assembly, International War Crimes 
Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, the 
Organization of American States, the International Atomic 
Energy Agency, and the Pan American Health Organization.
    Estimates of the amount required to cover fiscal year 2006 
assessments have varied based on the most recent foreign 
currency exchange rates for the dollar, which has fluctuated 
since the budget request was formulated. The Committee expects 
that these exchange rate fluctuations may result in losses. The 
Department may propose to offset these by transfers from other 
accounts, or deferring some activities included in the request 
that do not require funding in fiscal year 2006.
    Reassessment of U.S. Membership in International 
Organizations.--The Committee notes, with approval, the 
Department's actions to formally withdraw from certain 
international organizations where continued U.S. participation 
was determined to be a low priority in the context of overall 
U.S. national interests. The Committee continues to support the 
comprehensive reassessment of U.S. membership in each of the 45 
international organizations for which funding is requested 
under this account, and to insist that the Department take the 
necessary measures to operate within the amount of funds 
provided under this account.
    The Committee expects the Department to take immediate 
action to evaluate and prioritize United States participation 
in, and funding for, international organizations. In a climate 
of limited resources the Committee continues to insist that the 
Department live within appropriated amounts, prioritize as 
necessary among organizations according to policy goals, take 
steps as necessary to withdraw from lower priority 
organizations, and refrain from entering into new commitments.
    China's U.N. Assessment Rate.--China's real gross domestic 
product (GDP) is growing exponentially. In the first quarter of 
2005, real GDP grew by 9.5 percent. Yet, China's U.N. 
assessment rate remains at two-percent. The Committee expects 
the Department to work continually to ensure equity in the 
assessment rates, and specifically, to report to the Committee 
within 60 days of enactment of this Act, as to whether the 
current assessment formula should be revised.
    Reform and Budget Discipline.--The Committee continues to 
insist on reform and budget discipline as a priority for all of 
the international organizations, including the development of 
processes to evaluate, prioritize and terminate programs. The 
Committee believes that the onus is on each international 
organization and the State Department representatives to those 
organizations, to reduce overall budgets and eliminate 
duplicative activities, excessive administrative costs, and 
inefficient operations.
    The Committee has been instrumental in pushing for 
accountability for the U.N. organizations. Reform of the United 
Nations must be a top priority for the State Department in 
fiscal year 2006. The U.S. effort must address a wide range of 
activities, such as management reform, budget priorities and 
the sprawling array of programs, personnel issues, and the 
deplorable state of the Human Rights Commission.
    U.N. Regular Budget.--The Committee strongly supports the 
United States policy of zero nominal growth budgets for 
international organizations. Toward this end, the Committee 
expects the Department to insist on the evaluation and 
prioritization of ongoing U.N. programs and activities, so that 
in the event of unanticipated requirements budget offsets may 
be taken from activities and programs that have already been 
determined to be lower-priority by the organization. The 
Committee notes additional requirements relating to Iraq, 
Afghanistan and security-related costs are expected. However, 
the Committee continues its direction to find appropriate 
offsets to accommodate such increases within a zero nominal 
growth budget. The United Nations Regular Budget biennium 2004-
2005 adopted budget of $3,160,860,000, then revised to include 
an increase of $534,620,000 for a total of $3,695,480,000, of 
which the United States is assessed 22 percent. The fiscal year 
2006 appropriation request pursuant to this budget is 
$438,952,000.
    Language is included to require that any proposal that 
would result in the 2006-2007 U.N. biennial budget exceeding 
the revised biennial budget level of $3,695,480,000 for 2004-
2005 be communicated to the Committee in advance of the formal 
notification, consideration, and adoption of such a proposal in 
the General Assembly. The Committee expects the Secretary to 
notify the Committee in advance of any United Nations action to 
increase funding for any United Nations program without 
identifying an offsetting decrease elsewhere in the United 
Nations budget.
    Overall, the Committee requires more detailed information 
prior to the United States agreeing to such increases without 
identifying offsetting decreases and management reforms. 
Further, the State Department must actively pursue a 
streamlined budget that reflects the true priorities of the 
organization, without duplicative and ineffective programs.
    Americans Working in the United Nations.--The Committee 
directs the Department to increase the number of qualified 
Americans employed by the United Nations and international 
organizations. The Committee recognizes that Americans provide 
many skills that can contribute to making the U.N. more 
efficient, effective and more accountable. The Committee 
remains dismayed that the representation of Americans in U.N. 
posts subject to geographic distribution has remained 
relatively flat since 2001. The Department has begun an 
interagency process to improve the candidate pool of eligible 
Americans, but there has been no measurable success. Therefore, 
the Committee directs the Department of State to work with 
universities and government agencies to educate Americans on 
opportunities for careers in the United Nations system, 
including the holding of recruiting fairs. The Committee 
directs recruiting efforts begin in Chicago, Los Angeles, 
Washington, DC metropolitan area, and New York City by no later 
than January 15, 2006. The Department shall report to the 
Committee no later than March 15, 2006, on the progress of such 
efforts.
    The Committee notes the importance of the U.N. in promoting 
health, providing humanitarian assistance, fostering conflict 
resolution, and providing an international forum for world 
issues. However, the Committee is appalled by recent 
developments in a number of areas. The Committee notes that the 
United Nation's Oil for Food program in Iraq is marred by 
allegations of corruption--that it aided or abetted a 
tyrannical regime and undermined the international community's 
good will. Further, the Committee urges the U.N. to do more to 
resolve the conflicts and humanitarian crises in Sudan--where 
war has ravaged the country for decades at the cost of millions 
of lives. Finally, the United Nations' leadership and 
legitimacy are tarnished by continued failure to bring to 
justice those individuals involved in improper and illegal 
activities of individuals financed by the United Nations, such 
as U.N. peacekeepers and civilian personnel alleged to have 
been involved in sexual abuse of minors.
    Task Force on the United Nations.--In the current year, the 
Committee included language directing the United States 
Institute of Peace to create a Task Force on the United 
Nations. The task force is directed to assess the extent to 
which the United Nations is fulfilling the purposes stated in 
its Charter and recommend an actionable agenda for the United 
States on the United Nations. The task force will examine the 
ability of the United Nations in the following: preventing and 
ending conflicts and building stable societies; preventing and 
responding to genocide and gross human rights violations; 
preventing catastrophic terrorism and the proliferation of 
weapons of mass destruction; ensuring the effectiveness, 
integrity, transparency, and accountability of the U.N. system; 
and fostering economic development and reducing poverty. The 
Committee directed the task force to report back to the 
Committee by early June 2005.
    United Nations Oil-For-Food Program.--The Committee 
continues to expect the Department to bring all necessary 
resources to bear on the investigation of fraud and bribery 
allegations regarding the United Nations Oil-For-Food Program. 
The Committee expects the Department to provide all requested 
documentation to Congressional Committees, and to provide any 
requested support to the Secretary General's Independent 
Inquiry Committee. The Committee strongly supports this Inquiry 
and expects the Inquiry Committee's review to be thorough, 
rigorous, and expeditious.
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).--The Committee 
notes, with approval, the efforts of the Department and the 
U.S. delegation to establish a cap on the cost of the NATO 
Headquarters project, and the existence of an agreement between 
the Department of Defense and the Department of State as to the 
allocation of costs of the U.S. contribution to the project. To 
date, the Committee has appropriated $35,000,000 for the NATO 
Headquarters project. The Committee continues its direction to 
the Department to ensure the facility meets the necessary 
security requirements. The Department shall keep the Committee 
apprised of progress on this matter.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).--The Committee 
notes, with approval, the IAEA's efforts to increase safeguards 
efforts to provide essential assurance that nuclear materials 
used in peaceful nuclear programs are not diverted and misused 
for nuclear explosive purposes or by terrorists.
    Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).--The Committee 
continues to support the work done by the Pan American Health 
Organization. PAHO has taken the lead in health issues, 
including border health concerns, emerging diseases, and bio-
terrorism, that have an impact on citizens of the United States 
and all citizens of the Americas. PAHO's work in the field 
addressing concerns such as the SARS virus and similar viruses, 
including the potential reemergence of polio, highlight the 
importance of PAHO to the United States.
    United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization 
(UNESCO).--The Committee notes, with approval, UNESCO's efforts 
to provide ``education for all''. The goal of this program is 
to eradicate global illiteracy in the next 15 years. The 
Committee supports the efforts of UNESCO, which mirror U.S. 
efforts to educate women, expand awareness of public health 
issues, and fight poverty through education. The Committee is 
aware that the Executive Committee is developing proposals for 
high priority program reinforcements through innovative 
mechanisms.
    World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).--The 
Committee is concerned by allegations of misconduct within WIPO 
and expects the State Department to ensure that a thorough and 
transparent investigation of the charges is undertaken.

        CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $1,035,500,000 for 
United States payments for Contributions for International 
Peacekeeping Activities for fiscal year 2006, which is the same 
as the amount requested in the budget and $127,955,000 below 
the fiscal year 2005 level, including supplemental amounts.
    The Committee is aware of recent disturbing reports from 
the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as allegations of 
sex abuse of minors by U.N. peacekeepers and civilian personnel 
in other missions. Reform in the planning and conduct of 
peacekeeping missions is paramount. The atrocious misconduct of 
U.N. peacekeepers demands a clear and definitive response by 
the international community, especially the United States. The 
Committee strongly urges the Administration, including the 
State Department, to pursue the recommendations contained in 
the Prince Zeid report, including personal accountability, and 
improvements in the systems of justice in troop contributing 
countries as a means to restore confidence in peacekeeping 
missions. Further, the Committee directs the U.S. to work to 
ensure adequate training is provided to peacekeeping personnel 
prior to deployment.
    Further, the Committee is convinced that clear, realistic 
benchmarks must be established and enforced for the performance 
of MONUC. The Committee expects the Department to re-evaluate 
the mandate for this mission and inform the Committee about 
options for future action.
    The Committee remains concerned about the continuing lack 
of progress in resolving the dispute over the Western Sahara, 
despite an enormous investment of funds in the U.N. Mission for 
the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) peacekeeping 
mission. The Committee urges the Department to work to 
encourage a negotiated settlement to the dispute and bring to 
an end the costly U.N. peacekeeping presence associated with a 
referendum settlement program that has failed to materialize 
over the past decade and that the Secretary General and his 
Personal Envoy abandoned as unworkable three years ago.
    The establishment of several large, complex missions over 
the past few years has tested the capacity of the U.N. to plan 
and manage such operations successfully. The Brahimi report 
addressed many deficiencies in U.N. peacekeeping efforts, 
including problems in doctrine, strategy, decision-making, 
planning, deployment, support and information technology. The 
Committee continues to support efforts to improve the 
performance and efficiency of U.N. peacekeeping missions 
through structural and procedural reforms. The Committee also 
supports efforts to better limit and focus the goals of such 
missions, and to set specific benchmarks for performance and 
mission termination.
    The Committee continues to support the efforts of the 
U.N.'s Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) to identify 
waste, fraud and abuse, including sexual abuse, in peacekeeping 
operations, and to recommend specific reforms to ensure that 
such practices are brought to an end. The Committee directs the 
Department to provide the necessary support to ensure that OIOS 
oversight is systematically brought to bear on every U.N. 
peacekeeping mission, including through the presence of 
resident auditors. The Committee directs the Department to 
request a performance report on the efforts of this Office to 
root out the causes of such waste, fraud and abuse.
    The bill retains language carried in previous years 
requiring 15-day advance notice of any new or expanded mission, 
together with a statement of cost, duration, exit strategy, 
vital national interest, and source of funds to pay the cost. 
In addition, new language requires an additional notification 
that the United Nations has taken appropriate measures to 
prevent United Nations' employees, contractor personnel, and 
peacekeeping forces serving in any United Nations peacekeeping 
mission from trafficking in persons, exploiting victims of 
trafficking, or committing acts of illegal sexual exploitation 
and to hold accountable any such individuals who engage in any 
such acts while participating in the peacekeeping mission.
    The bill also retains language requiring certification that 
American manufacturers and suppliers are provided equal 
procurement opportunities, and language prohibiting the use of 
funds under this account for the costs of court monitoring. The 
bill does include requested language to make a portion of 
appropriations under this account available for two fiscal 
years.

                       International Commissions


 INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

    The bill includes a total of $32,300,000 for the 
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and 
Mexico (IBWC). This amount is $181,000 above the amount 
available in fiscal year 2005 and $3,000,000 below the total 
budget request for fiscal year 2006. The total amount provided 
includes $27,000,000 for Salaries and Expenses and $5,300,000 
for construction. The recommendation includes language 
authorizing not to exceed $6,000 for representation expenses, 
as requested.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation for the Salaries and Expenses 
account is $27,000,000, which is $120,000 above the amount 
available in fiscal year 2005 and $1,700,000 below the budget 
request. The amount recommended by the Committee provides 
additional resources for requested wage and price increases. 
The Committee notes that fluctuations in the Commission's 
operations and maintenance budgets can result in unanticipated 
cost savings. Should the Commission experience such savings, 
the Commission will have the ability to propose, through the 
section 605 reprogramming process, the use of surplus funds for 
items not included in the Committee recommendation.

                              CONSTRUCTION

    The Committee recommendation for IBWC construction provides 
$5,300,000, which is $61,000 above the amount available in 
fiscal year 2005 and $1,300,000 below the budget request.
    The recommendation provides funding for ongoing projects as 
follows: Boundary-wide construction--$1,630,000; Water Quantity 
Program--$2,670,000; and Water Quality Program--$1,000,000. The 
Committee expects that significant carryover funding may be 
available to supplement fiscal year 2006 appropriations. Any 
allocation of funding, including carryover funding, shall be 
subject to reprogramming procedures set forth in section 605 of 
this Act.

              AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $9,500,000 to fund the 
U.S. share of expenses of the International Boundary 
Commission, the International Joint Commission, United States 
and Canada, and the Border Environment Cooperation Commission 
for fiscal year 2006. This amount is $34,000 above the amount 
available in fiscal year 2005 and $379,000 below the budget 
request. Of the amounts provided, $1,272,000 is for the 
International Boundary Commission. The recommendation does not 
include funding for a new five-year program regarding boundary 
maps using digital and global positioning data. A total of 
$6,098,000 is recommended for the International Joint 
Commission. In the current year, $1,019,000 was appropriated 
for final year costs of a five-year study of the water 
regulation plan governing Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence 
River. Further, the recommendation includes and $2,130,000 for 
the Border Environment Cooperation Commission, as requested to 
improve the health and environmental conditions for the U.S.-
Mexico border region.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

    The Committee recommends a total of $22,000,000 to fund the 
U.S. share of the expenses of international fisheries 
commissions or related organizations, as well as the travel 
expenses of the United States commissioners. This amount is 
$312,000 above the amount available in fiscal year 2005 and 
$3,123,000 below the budget request.
    The Committee recommendation includes $2,072,000 for the 
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, $13,103,000 for the 
Great Lakes Fishery Commission, and $163,000 for the 
International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna. 
Remaining amounts under this heading may be allocated on a 
priority basis to other international commissions, subject to 
the reprogramming guidelines contained in section 605 of this 
Act.
    The Committee expects the Department to take immediate 
action to evaluate and prioritize United States participation 
in, and funding for, international fisheries commissions. In a 
climate of limited resources the Committee continues to insist 
that the Department live within appropriated amounts, 
prioritize as necessary among commissions according to policy 
goals, take steps as necessary to withdraw from lower priority 
commissions, and refrain from entering into new commitments.
    The Committee directs the Department to submit a proposed 
spending plan for the total amount provided under this heading 
no later than 60 days after the enactment of this Act.

                                 Other


                     PAYMENT TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $10,000,000 
for payment to the Asia Foundation for fiscal year 2006, which 
is the same as the request, and $2,827,000 below the current 
year level. The Committee continues to support Foundation 
programs on human rights, higher education, democratic 
governance, ethnic harmony, religious tolerance and legal/
judicial reform in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Indonesia. 
Further, the Committee supports the efforts of Foundation 
programs in Cambodia.
    The Asia Foundation is a private, nonprofit institution, 
established to stimulate Asian democratic development and 
assist the peoples of Asian countries to shape their own 
destinies.

                 EISENHOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends an appropriation for fiscal year 
2006 of interest and earnings from the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Program Trust Fund, expected to total $500,000. The 
Committee recognizes the important and unique role of 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships in the U.S. Government's 
worldwide public diplomacy effort. The Committee has urged the 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated (EEF) to fashion 
its exchange programs to reflect the priority within all public 
diplomacy programs of building mutual understanding with Arab 
and Muslim populations worldwide. In this regard, the Committee 
continues to expect that the selection of foreign and United 
States fellows will reflect this priority. In addition, the 
Committee supports a nation-wide, merit-based recruitment and 
selection process for United States Fellows. The Committee 
expects EEF and the Department to submit a report to the 
Committee by November 30, 2005, describing its achievements in 
these areas.
    The Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 authorized a 
permanent endowment for the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship 
Program to increase educational opportunities for young leaders 
in preparation for and enhancement of their professional 
careers and to advance peace through international 
understanding. The Act established the Eisenhower Exchange 
Fellowship Program Trust Fund in the United States Treasury for 
these purposes. A total of $7,500,000 has been provided to 
establish a permanent endowment for the program, from which the 
appropriation of interest and earnings is provided to 
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated.

                    ISRAELI ARAB SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends language in the accompanying bill 
that will appropriate for fiscal year 2006 interest and 
earnings of the Israeli Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund, 
expected to total $375,000. A permanent endowment of $4,978,500 
for the Fund was established in fiscal year 1992 with funds 
made available to the United States Information Agency under 
section 556(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and 
Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, as amended. The 
income from the endowment is to be used for a program of 
scholarships for Israeli Arabs to attend institutions of higher 
education in the United States.

                            EAST-WEST CENTER

    The Committee recommendation includes $6,000,000 for this 
account, $13,240,000 below the current year, and $7,024,000 
below the request.
    The Committee recommendation provides for phasing out the 
direct sole-source grant from the Federal government. The 
Committee notes that the Center can solicit contributions and 
can compete for other Federal grants to support its research 
and training activities. The Center started receiving a direct 
grant from the Federal government in fiscal year 1961.

                    NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY

    The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for the National 
Endowment for Democracy (NED) for fiscal year 2006, $9,199,000 
below the amount provided in fiscal year 2005 and $30,000,000 
below the budget request. The Committee recommendation 
continues funding provided in fiscal year 2005 for enhanced 
Endowment grant programs to build and strengthen democratic 
institutions in the Muslim world. The Committee notes that the 
Endowment has failed to provide funding for the creation of a 
Fern L. Holland Democracy Institute in Africa, and for a grant 
to ensure coordination among the groups advocating for 
awareness and action on behalf of the victims of human rights 
abuses and the persecuted, as directed in the statement of 
managers accompanying the 2005 Act. The Committee remains 
deeply concerned that the Endowment has failed to adhere to 
direction provided by the Committee. The Committee expects 
these grants to be awarded expeditiously.
    The Committee directs the Endowment to support the efforts 
of the International Center for Democratic Transition in 
Budapest, Hungary.
    The Committee reaffirms the role that NED plays in 
strengthening democratic institutions around the world. Any 
perception that funds are used to directly support a particular 
party or candidate, or to support the removal of elected 
leaders through unconstitutional means, undermines the 
credibility and effectiveness of NED programs. The Committee 
remains concerned about such allegations in Venezuela. The 
Committee expects NED to take all necessary measures to ensure 
that all sponsored activities adhere to the core NED 
principles.
    The NED is a private, non-profit corporation established to 
encourage and strengthen the development of democratic 
institutions and processes internationally through private-
sector initiatives, training, and other activities, including 
those which promote pluralism, democratic governance, civic 
education, human rights, and respect for the rule of law. The 
NED provides funding for projects which are determined to be in 
the national interest of the United States and which are 
administered by private organizations and groups.

                             RELATED AGENCY


                    Broadcasting Board of Governors

    The Committee recommendation includes $630,893,000 for the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors, $21,050,000 below the request 
and $32,040,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level, including 
supplemental appropriations. The Committee does not support the 
proposed language service reductions or terminations proposed 
in the request. The Committee directs a reduction of $9,067,000 
to be assessed against administrative activities. The 
appropriation accounts under this heading provide operational 
funding for the United States non-military, international 
broadcasting programs--including the Voice of America (VOA), 
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), Radio Free Asia 
(RFA), Radio and Television Marti, Middle East Television, 
including Radio Sawa--and the associated facilities, 
engineering and support activities.

                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommendation includes $620,000,000 to carry 
out United States International Broadcasting Operations for 
fiscal year 2006, which is an increase of $32,093,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 level, including supplemental amounts, and 
$21,050,000 below the comparable request. This account funds 
the operating and engineering costs of Voice of America, Radio 
Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio Free Asia, and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). The recommendation also 
includes funding for Broadcasting to Cuba under this account. 
In the request, this funding was proposed under a separate 
account. The Committee recommendation provides increases for 
all entities funded under this account, including funding to 
continue the Middle East Television Network initiative. The 
Committee places a priority on the global war on terror 
languages and broadcasting services into China. The 
recommendation includes full funding for the critical war on 
terrorism languages.
    As directed in previous years, all communications with the 
Committee on the part of the various broadcasting entities 
shall be coordinated through the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors.
    Arabic Broadcasting.--The United States continues to face 
an enormous challenge to provide the people of Arab and Muslim 
countries with accurate information about U.S. policies and 
values. The Committee continues to support efforts to expand 
the audience of listeners and viewers in the Arab and Muslim 
world. The Committee recommendation includes $78,578,000 for 
television and radio broadcasting in Arabic, including Middle 
East Television and Radio Sawa. This amount represents an 
increase of $9,758,000 above the fiscal year 2005 program plan, 
and $558,000 below the request. The Committee provided initial 
start-up costs for a television program stream specifically 
tailored for the Iraqi audience in Public Law 108-106 and 
provides the full request for this effort. The Committee 
directs the BBG to provide quarterly status reports detailing 
the progress of this effort. Developing quality news and 
entertainment programs in the Arabic language should to the 
maximum extent possible involve the creative talents of the 
private and not-for-profit sectors. The Committee continues its 
direction to the Board to integrate new approaches in 
developing programming, to more effectively engage key 
audiences.
    Africa Broadcasting.--The Committee continues to support 
the creative efforts of VOA broadcasting to the continent of 
Africa. The Committee notes that forty-five percent of VOA's 
listenership is in Africa and expects VOA to create radio 
formats to ensure information is available to young audiences. 
Nearly 45 million listeners have access to VOA's objective, 
balanced and accurate news. VOA fills the information void with 
daily targeted and credible coverage of sub-Saharan Africa 
often not available from any other media. The Committee 
supports the use of radio broadcasts as a component of 
sustained HIV/AIDS prevention efforts undertaken by many 
African governments, African countries, humanitarian 
organizations, and U.S. assistance programs. VOA's Africa 
Division continues to incorporate thousands of broadcasts about 
HIV/AIDS into its regular programming for broadcasting to 
Africa.
    Language Service Review and Research.--The Committee 
continues to support the Board's efforts to objectively and 
systematically review and evaluate the performance, results, 
and priority of every U.S. Government-sponsored international 
broadcasting language service and to propose corresponding 
reallocations of funds. The Committee endorses this process as 
a means to improve broadcast quality and meet emerging program 
priorities within limited resources. The Committee expects that 
the Board will establish comprehensive performance measures and 
improve coordination of programming streams across component 
organizations, including the grantee organizations. The 
Committee continues to direct the Board to ensure that foreign 
policy implications are given full consideration before 
adopting language service review recommendations. The Committee 
expects the Board to submit a comprehensive report on Language 
Service Review results and corresponding reallocations of 
funds, as appropriate. The Committee anticipates that the 
continuing language service review effort will result in the 
dedication of additional resources to emerging priority 
programs, through the normal reprogramming process.
    Anti-jamming efforts.--The Committee continues to support 
initiatives by the BBG to defeat jamming and reach a wider 
audience for Radio Free Asia and Voice of America broadcasts to 
China, Tibet, Vietnam, and North Korea. The Committee is aware 
that new technologies may allow the VOA and RFA to more 
effectively defeat jamming efforts. The Committee encourages 
the Board to evaluate the usefulness of these technologies. The 
Committee expects the BBG to expand such efforts in fiscal year 
2006.
    The Committee remains concerned about a potential blurring 
of the distinction between the international broadcasting 
conducted by the Broadcasting Board of Governors and that 
conducted by the Defense Department. While the Committee 
continues to strongly support all necessary efforts to provide 
for national security, close collaboration with the Defense 
Department may foster misunderstanding among foreign audiences 
as to the principles and goals of BBG broadcasting. Within 
sixty days of enactment of this Act, the BBG shall report fully 
to the Committee on the nature and duration of any cooperative 
efforts with the Defense Department over the last year. In 
addition, the BBG shall notify Congress in writing of any 
projects or programs to be undertaken with the Defense 
Department within seven days of the beginning of such 
activities. Both reports should include a description of 
services provided and any financial arrangements between the 
entities.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding for the 
principal broadcasting entities as follows:
    Voice of America.--The Committee recommendation provides 
$168,259,000 for VOA, $346,000 above the request, and 
$10,853,000 above the 2005 program plan. The recommendation 
provides programmatic increases above the fiscal year 2005 
program plan to expand and reformat Urdu broadcasting into 
Pakistan, Dari and Pashto into Afghanistan, and Persian into 
Iran. Further, the recommendation maintains funding of 
$8,096,000 for overseas correspondent bureaus. The Committee 
strongly supports increased broadcasting efforts to China, and 
to Iran.
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.--The Committee 
recommendation provides $76,161,000 for RFE/RL, $1,194,000 
above the request, and $1,560,000 above the fiscal year 2005 
program plan. Within these amounts, $3,507,000 is for Radio 
Farda, $3,905,000 is for Radio Free Afghanistan, $1,858,000 is 
for Radio Free Iraq, and $938,000 is for broadcasting in 
Romanian to Moldova. Further, $9,615,000 is recommended for 
broadcasting services in Russian, and $2,260,000 is for 
broadcasting services in Ukrainian. A total of $4,069,000 is 
provided for the news and current affairs function. The 
Committee continues to support programming efforts in Persian, 
Tajik, Uzbek, Turkmen, Arabic, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Albanian, and 
Azeri. The Committee commends RFE/RL for developing programming 
in Avar, Chechen, and Circassian, and for expanding 
broadcasting to the Northern Caucasus. The Committee recognizes 
the continuing importance of broadcasting objective, uncensored 
information to the isolated minorities of the Northern Caucasus 
in their native languages and has provided the full request for 
these efforts.
    Broadcasting to Cuba.--The Committee recommendation 
includes $27,931,000 for radio and television broadcasting to 
Cuba, which is $1,063,000 above the current year program plan, 
and $10,000,000 below the request. The Committee does not 
provide $10,000,000 to purchase, outfit, and operate an 
aircraft dedicated to transmitting Radio and TV Marti 
programming. The Committee recommendation assumes the 
continuation of periodic efforts of the Pennsylvania Air 
National Guard aircraft, operating within U.S. air space, to 
continue to broadcast Radio and TV Marti, and to report to the 
Committee, as in the current year.
    Radio Free Asia (RFA).--The Committee recommendation 
includes $29,966,000 for RFA, $577,000 above the fiscal year 
2005 program plan, and $362,000 below the request. The 
Committee recommendation does not include the proposed 
understands that the recommendation will not result in any 
language service reductions. The Committee strongly supports 
increased broadcasting efforts to China, Tibet, Burma, Vietnam, 
North Korea, Laos, and Cambodia. The Committee does not provide 
the proposed increase of $334,000 for the executive director's 
office.
    The recommendation includes funding for RFA to continue 
daily Uyghur broadcasts.
    The Committee encourages the Board to increase the number 
of broadcast hours of both the VOA and the RFA Korean and 
Cantonese services. The Committee expects the BBG to reprogram 
funds, if necessary, to achieve these increases.
    The Committee urges the Broadcasting Board of Governors to 
focus programming on the promotion of religious freedom and 
human rights. The BBG should work with the U.S. Commission on 
International Religious Freedom on the scope and content of 
programming that will instruct and inform on the merits of 
religious freedom as part of a civil society.

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

    The Committee recommendation includes $10,893,000 in new 
budget authority for broadcasting capital improvements, and an 
additional $16,000,000 in prior-year funds for a total 
available amount of $26,893,000, $53,000 below the current year 
level, including supplemental appropriations, and the same 
amount as the request. The recommendation will provide for the 
continuation of base costs for maintenance, improvements, 
replacements and repairs, digital production capability 
development, and security upgrades at transmitting stations 
overseas.
    RFE/RL headquarters.--The Committee recommendation includes 
$13,500,000 for the one-time costs of moving employees and 
equipment into a new facility in fiscal year 2008.
    The Committee understands the Administration intends to 
transfer funds provided in Public Law 107-38 for the purpose of 
acquiring transmission capabilities in Egypt to offset 
requirements in the operations account. The Committee 
appreciates the efforts by the BBG to acquire this capability 
and continues to direct the BBG to expand the broadcasting 
audience of Egypt and the Middle East. The Board shall continue 
to keep the Committees informed on the status of its efforts to 
acquire additional transmission capabilities in the Middle 
East. The BBG shall report to the Committee on the progress of 
these efforts.

       General Provisions--Department of State and Related Agency

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the Department of State, similar to provisions that were 
included in the fiscal year 2004 Appropriations Act:
    Section 401 of the bill permits funds appropriated in this 
Act for the Department of State to be available for allowances 
and differentials as authorized by subchapter 59 of Title 5 of 
the United States Code; for services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 
3109; and for hire of passenger transportation pursuant to 5 
U.S.C. 1343(b).
    Section 402 of the bill permits up to five percent of any 
State Department appropriation to be transferred to another 
State Department appropriation, but no program can be increased 
by more than ten percent, and provides the same authority to 
Broadcasting Board of Governors programs. In addition, the 
language provides that any transfer pursuant to this subsection 
shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under section 605 
of the accompanying bill and shall not be available for 
obligation or expenditure except in compliance with the 
procedures set forth in that section.
    Section 403 of the bill prohibits the use of funds by the 
Department of State or the Broadcasting Board of Governors to 
provide assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation.
    Section 404 of the bill clarifies the responsibilities of 
the Senior Policy Operating Group on Trafficking in Persons. 
The Committee understands that the Operating Group has been 
actively meeting and performing its designated functions since 
enactment of Section 406 of division B of Public Law 108-7. The 
Committee expects that all anti-trafficking policies, grants 
and grant policies shall be covered by the provisions of 
Section 406 of division B of Public Law 108-7. The 
recommendation also includes language clarifying that the 
Senior Policy Operating Group and its chairman are the 
coordinating body (and official) accountable for federal anti-
trafficking policies, grants and grant policies. The language 
also makes clear that the coordinating responsibilities of the 
Operating Group are not intended to supercede the decision-
making authority of the constituent members of the Task Force 
to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, to whom Operating 
Group members continue to report. The Operating Group is, and 
was intended to serve as, the forum for interagency 
coordination of anti-trafficking policies, even as final 
decisions regarding any such policies are necessarily vested 
with the President and the senior officials who comprise the 
Task Force. The Committee understands that the Senior Operating 
Group and its chair have successfully performed the 
coordinating functions assigned to them.
    Section 405 of the bill includes new language requiring 
that any funding used to implement E-Government Initiatives 
shall be subject to section 605 of this Act.
    Section 406 of the bill includes new language concerning 
the Department's rewards program.

                       TITLE V--RELATED AGENCIES


                   Antitrust Modernization Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation provides $1,172,000 for the Antitrust 
Modernization Commission, which is the same as the fiscal year 
2005 level and $448,000 below the request. The Commission, 
authorized by Public Law 107-273, is examining whether 
antitrust laws need to be modernized, and is identifying and 
studying related antitrust issues. The request level was 
intended to represent the final appropriation for the 
Commission, but the Commission is not scheduled to complete its 
work until fiscal year 2007. Therefore, the Committee 
understands that the Commission cannot obligate all of the 
requested funds in fiscal year 2006 and has, therefore, reduced 
the funding accordingly.

      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $499,000 for the Commission for 
the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, which is $7,000 
above the fiscal year 2005 level and the same as the request. 
The recommendation will allow the Commission to fund its 
administrative expenses through appropriated funds while 
relying on other sources of funding for actual purchase and 
restoration of property.
    The Commission protects and preserves endangered cultural 
sites in Eastern and Central Europe important to the heritage 
of U.S. citizens, including cemeteries, monuments, and historic 
buildings. One of its primary tasks is to obtain protection and 
preservation assurances from the governments of the region.

                       Commission on Civil Rights


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $9,096,000 for the salaries and 
expenses of the Commission on Civil Rights, which is $121,000 
above the fiscal year 2005 level and the same as the request.
    The Commission was established by the Civil Rights Act of 
1957 and is directed by eight part-time commissioners. The 
Commission was created to protect the civil rights of people 
within the United States and was intended to be an independent, 
bipartisan, fact-finding agency. The Commission investigates 
charges of citizens being deprived of voting and other civil 
rights and collects, studies, and disseminates information on 
the impact of Federal laws and policies on civil rights.
    The Committee notes that the Commission has been plagued 
with management problems for several years. The Commission 
recently notified the Speaker of the House of an Anti-
Deficiency Act violation that occurred during fiscal year 2004. 
This lack of adherence to Federal financial laws is 
unacceptable, and the Committee directs the Commission to 
immediately implement financial controls to rectify these 
problems. In addition, the Committee expects a report, no later 
than September 15, 2005, describing proposed structural and 
management changes for the Commission that will generate more 
efficient operations, including potential cost savings, but not 
jeopardize the mission of the agency.
    The Committee recommends language as included in previous 
years, which provides: (1) a limitation of four full-time 
positions under schedule C of the Excepted Service, exclusive 
of one special assistant for each Commissioner, and (2) a 
prohibition against reimbursing Commissioners for more than 75 
billable days, with the exception of the chairperson, who is 
permitted 125 billable days. The recommendation does not 
include language carried in previous fiscal years restricting 
the amount available for consultants. The Committee encourages 
the Commission to enlist outside assistance, as necessary, to 
correct the Commission's serious management problems.

             Commission on International Religious Freedom


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $3,200,000 for the Commission 
on International Religious Freedom, which is $240,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 level and $200,000 above the request. The 
Committee recommendation includes funding above the President's 
request to allow the Commission to continue and increase data 
development, hearings, analysis of policy, outreach and overall 
operations required to fulfill the Commission's mandated 
responsibilities.
    The Committee commends the Commission on its efforts to 
promote international religious freedom in consultation with 
the Department of State, independent human rights groups and 
other non-governmental organizations, religious leaders, 
academics, policy experts, the intelligence community, and 
government agencies. The Committee urges the Commission and the 
State Department to continue work on developing an Index on 
Religious Freedom that may be used to assess progress on 
relevant issues within regions and specific countries. The 
State Department's Report on Trafficking in Persons may provide 
a useful model for assessing and tracking efforts to promote 
religious freedom worldwide.
    The Commission, established pursuant to the International 
Religious Freedom Act of 1998, conducts independent reviews and 
reporting of facts and circumstances of violations of religious 
freedom abroad, and recommends options for United States 
policies with respect to foreign countries engaging in or 
tolerating violations of religious freedom.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $2,030,000 for the Commission 
on Security and Cooperation in Europe, which is $224,000 above 
the fiscal year 2005 level and the same as the request. The 
Commission was established in 1976 to monitor compliance with 
the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in 
Europe, with particular regard to provisions dealing with 
humanitarian affairs.
    The Committee recognizes the leadership of the Commission 
in promoting human rights, democracy, and the rule of law in 
the 55 participating States of the Organization for Security 
and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $1,900,000 for the 
Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of 
China, which is $25,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level and 
the same as the request.
    The Committee commends the Commission for its ongoing 
efforts to monitor China's compliance with international human 
rights agreements and standards. The Committee supports the 
development of the Political Prisoner Database project in 
accordance with Section 302(b) of Public Law 106-286 and 
expects the Commission to provide a status report to the 
Committee on related plans and activities by August 1, 2005. 
This database will significantly heighten international 
awareness regarding the plight of political prisoners in China.

                Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $331,228,000 for the salaries 
and expenses of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 
(EEOC) for fiscal year 2006. This amount is $4,425,000 above 
the fiscal year 2005 level and the same as the request.
    The Committee recommendation includes inflationary 
increases for personnel, benefits, and space rental costs, as 
requested.
    The recommendation continues language prohibiting the 
Commission from taking action to implement any workforce 
repositioning, restructuring, or reorganization unless the 
Committee has been notified in advance of such proposals, in 
accordance with the reprogramming procedures under section 605 
of this Act. EEOC shall continue to submit quarterly status 
reports on projected and actual spending levels, by function, 
and shall highlight any changes resulting from repositioning 
activities.
    The bill includes language similar to that included in 
previous Appropriations Acts allowing up to $33,000,000 for 
payments to State and local Fair Employment Practices Agencies 
(FEPAs). The Committee again encourages the EEOC to use the 
experience the FEPAs have in mediation as the Commission 
continues to expand its Alternative Dispute Resolution 
programs. The bill also includes language similar to that 
included in previous Appropriations Acts allowing non-monetary 
awards to private citizens and up to $2,500 for official 
reception and representation expenses.

                   Federal Communications Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The bill includes total budget authority of $289,771,000 
for the salaries and expenses of the Federal Communications 
Commission (FCC) for fiscal year 2006, of which $288,771,000 is 
to be derived from offsetting collections, resulting in a 
direct appropriation of $1,000,000. The operating level for 
fiscal year 2006 is $8,686,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level 
and $14,286,000 below the request. The recommendation provides 
inflationary adjustments including staff compensation and 
benefits.
    The Committee recommendation includes bill language, 
similar to that included in previous Appropriations Acts, which 
allows: (1) up to $4,000 for official reception and 
representation expenses; (2) purchase of uniforms and 
acquisition of vehicles; (3) special counsel fees; (4) 
collection of $288,771,000 in section 9 fees; (5) the sum 
appropriated to be reduced as section 9 fees are collected; and 
(6) fees in excess of $288,771,000 to be available in fiscal 
year 2007.
    The mission of the Federal Communications Commission is to 
implement the Communications Act of 1934 in a manner that 
promotes competition, innovation, and deregulation in the 
communications industry and the availability of high quality 
communications services for all Americans.
    The Committee is disappointed with the presentation of 
FCC's budget request and directs the FCC to submit a spending 
plan by bureau and office within 30 days of enactment of this 
Act. This spending plan shall serve as the basis for all 
reprogramming notifications. In addition, the Committee expects 
FCC to include this level of detail in its fiscal year 2007 
request. Furthermore, the Committee reminds the FCC of the 
reprogramming requirements contained in section 605 of the Act, 
identifying the procedures for notifying the Committee of 
changes to the budgetary and organizational plans of the 
Commission.
    During the fiscal year 2004 appropriations process, the 
Committee raised concerns about FCC employees accepting travel 
payments from entities that have business concerns regulated by 
the Commission. The Committee is pleased that the Commission 
voluntarily examined its travel practices and modified its 
procedures for accepting payments from non-governmental 
sources. However, the Committee encourages the Commission to 
extend its prohibition on non-government-sponsored travel to 
apply to all FCC employees.
    The recommendation does not include new funding for 
laboratory modifications. The Committee understands that the 
FCC Chairman is examining whether the project can be completed 
incrementally. If savings can be found and redirected from base 
funds, the Commission may submit a reprogramming to the 
Committee for further consideration of this project. In light 
of the potential need to upgrade the facility, the 
recommendation does not include language restricting 
expenditure of funds for land, structure, and improvement of 
grounds and buildings, as requested.
    The recommendation does not include new funding for 
oversight of Universal Service Fund activities. However, the 
Committee is troubled by the problems uncovered in the program 
and expects the FCC to give high priority to working with the 
Universal Service Administrative Company to fight grantee 
waste, fraud, and abuse, within the funds available. The 
Committee notes that the FCC currently spends discretionary 
funds to manage a grant program that is funded by mandatory 
contributions from interstate telecommunications service 
providers. Therefore, the Committee encourages the FCC to 
investigate the incorporation of program oversight costs into 
the mandatory payment structure.
    The recommendation includes language making any funds for 
e-government activities subject to the reprogramming 
requirements included in section 605 of the Act.
    The recommendation does not include a provision in the 
fiscal year 2005 bill that limited the funds available to 
administer the spectrum auctions program. The Committee expects 
the FCC to refine its cost accounting system so that all costs, 
including auction costs, can be clearly distinguished by 
activity.

                        Federal Trade Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends total budget authority of 
$211,000,000 for the salaries and expenses of the Federal Trade 
Commission for fiscal year 2006, which is $6,673,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 level and the same as the request. Collections 
from premerger filing fees under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act and 
Do-Not-Call list fees partially offset the appropriation 
requirement for this account.
    The mission of the Commission is to enforce a variety of 
Federal antitrust and consumer protection laws. Under these 
laws, the Commission seeks to ensure that the nation's markets 
are competitive, function vigorously and efficiently, and are 
free from undue governmental and private restrictions. The 
Commission also seeks to improve the operation of the 
marketplace by eliminating deceptive and unfair practices. 
Appropriations for both the Antitrust Division of the 
Department of Justice and the Commission are partially financed 
with Hart-Scott-Rodino Act pre-merger filing fees.
    The recommendation includes requested bill language 
prohibiting the use of funds to implement or enforce portions 
of section 43 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and section 
151 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvements 
Act of 1991.
    The recommendation also includes bill language which: (1) 
allows for purchase of uniforms and hire of motor vehicles; (2) 
allows up to $2,000 for official reception and representation 
expenses; (3) allows for the collection of fees; (4) allows for 
the sum appropriated to be reduced as fees are collected; and 
(5) allows funding to be available until expended.

                            HELP Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $1,000,000 for the HELP 
Commission to carry out its authorized purposes, which is 
$13,000 above the current year level and the same as the 
request.

                       Legal Services Corporation


               PAYMENT TO THE LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The recommendation includes $330,803,000 for the payment to 
the Legal Services Corporation. This amount is the same as the 
fiscal year 2005 level and $12,553,000 above the request. This 
amount includes: (1) $313,683,000 for grants to basic field 
programs and required independent audits; (2) $2,539,000 for 
the Office of Inspector General; (3) $12,826,000 for 
Corporation management and administration; and (4) $1,755,000 
for client self-help and information technology.
    The Legal Services Corporation is a private, nonprofit 
corporation that provides low-income individuals with access to 
legal assistance and information concerning civil legal 
problems. Created in 1974, the Legal Services Corporation is 
charged by Congress to provide assistance to those who would 
otherwise be unable to afford adequate legal counsel.
    The recommendation does not include new funding for a loan 
repayment assistance program (LRAP), but the Committee 
encourages LSC to proceed with the planned pilot program. The 
Committee expects that the LRAP will help to encourage more 
attorneys to pursue careers in legal aid.
    The Committee is concerned about LSC's rent payment for its 
current headquarters. The Committee expects LSC to reduce its 
rent payment by eliminating unnecessary office space and 
negotiating a more competitive cost per square foot.

          ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION--LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION

    The Committee recommendation includes bill language to 
continue similar statutory requirements and restrictions 
contained in previous Appropriations Acts.

                        Marine Mammal Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $1,865,000 for the necessary 
expenses of the Marine Mammal Commission, which is the same as 
the current level and $60,000 below the request.

                   Securities and Exchange Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $888,117,000 for the 
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including 
$863,117,000 from current year fee collections and $25,000,000 
from prior year unobligated balances. This total funding level 
is the same as the request and $7,117,000 above the direct 
appropriation available in fiscal year 2005.
    The primary mission of the SEC is to protect investors and 
maintain the integrity of the securities markets. This includes 
ensuring full disclosure of financial information, regulating 
the nation's securities markets, and preventing and policing 
fraud and malpractice in the securities and financial markets.
    In fiscal years 2003, 2004, and 2005, the Commission 
received funds to significantly increase its ability to protect 
investors and to implement the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The fiscal 
year 2006 recommendation allows for inflationary adjustments 
and assumes one-time adjustments due to reductions for rent, 
furniture, equipment, and information technology investments.
    The Committee is alarmed by recent news that the SEC has 
miscalculated by an estimated $50,000,000 its security and 
build-out costs in Washington, DC; New York, NY; and Boston, 
MA. As a result, the Committee has requested that the 
Government Accountability Office (GAO) report on the following: 
(1) the amount of funding for these projects that was not 
initially planned; (2) the actions that caused this change of 
budget plans; (3) the actions taken by the SEC since this 
budgeting problem was uncovered; and (4) any corrective actions 
to prevent this problem from recurring.
    The Committee remains concerned that American investors may 
be unwittingly investing in companies with ties to countries 
that sponsor terrorism or are linked to human rights 
violations. The Committee believes that a company's association 
with sponsors of terrorism and human rights abuses, no matter 
how large or small, can have a materially adverse result on a 
public company's operations, financial condition, earnings, and 
stock prices, all of which can negatively affect the value of 
an investment. In order to protect American investors' savings 
and to disclose these business relationships to investors, an 
Office of Global Security Risk was established within the 
Division of Corporation Finance. The Committee notes that the 
SEC was slow to respond to direction to establish the office 
and expects all positions designated for the office to be 
filled as soon as possible. The Committee directs the SEC to 
continue to submit quarterly reports on the activities of this 
office.
    In addition, the Committee recommends language, similar to 
that included in previous Appropriations Acts, which: (1) 
allows for the rental of space; (2) makes up to $3,000 
available for official reception and representation expenses; 
(3) makes up to $10,000 available for a permanent secretariat 
for the International Organization of Securities Commissions; 
and (4) makes up to $100,000 available for expenses of meetings 
and consultations with foreign governmental and regulatory 
officials.

                     Small Business Administration

    The recommendation provides a total of $589,605,000 for the 
five appropriations accounts of the Small Business 
Administration (SBA). This amount is $3,389,000 below the 
budget request and $17,831,000 above the amount appropriated in 
fiscal year 2005 excluding $929,000,000 in supplemental 
appropriations provided for the disaster loan program in 
response to hurricane emergency declarations. Detailed guidance 
for the five SBA appropriations accounts are contained in the 
following paragraphs.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $318,029,000 for the salaries and 
expenses account of the Small Business Administration. This 
amount is the same as the amount provided in fiscal year 2005 
and $10,870,000 above the request.
    Of the amount provided under this heading, $200,029,000 is 
for operating expenses of the SBA. In addition, a total of 
$133,461,000 from other SBA accounts may be transferred to and 
merged with the salaries and expenses account for indirect 
operating costs. This amount consists of $124,961,000 from the 
Business Loans Program account and $8,500,000 from the Disaster 
Loans Program account for administrative expenses related to 
those accounts. The Committee also anticipates that SBA will 
have an additional $3,000,000 in fee receipts and $13,475,000 
in reimbursable amounts from other agencies available for 
operating expenses. This will result in a total availability of 
$349,965,000 for the operating expenses of the SBA, an increase 
of $17,520,000.
    The Committee directs the SBA to support no less than the 
fiscal year 2005 level of funding for the HUBZone Contracting 
Program; the National Ombudsman; Native American Outreach; and 
the Office of Advocacy, including support for the Advocacy 
Database. In addition, the Committee expects the SBA to support 
no less than the fiscal year 2005 level for international trade 
programs, including the United States Export Assistance Centers 
(USEACs). The Committee also expects the SBA to continue to 
devote funds from its operating budget to enhance opportunities 
for small businesses to partner with the manufacturing sector.
    The recommendation includes language under the Disaster 
Loans Program account allowing $49,716,000 to be transferred to 
and merged with the salaries and expenses account for the 
direct and indirect administrative costs of disaster loan 
making and servicing.
    Within the amounts provided under this heading, the 
Committee expects the SBA to continue to help small businesses 
adapt to a paperless procurement environment. The Committee 
recommendation also includes the full amount requested for Low 
Documentation Processing Centers. The Committee expects the 
SBDC program to continue its work with the Small Business 
Compliance Alliance.
    The Committee understands that SBA's information technology 
(IT) systems are in need of upgrades, and that as the agency 
transforms by reducing staffing levels, IT investments are 
critical. For this reason, the recommendation includes ample 
funding to address the highest priority needs. The SBA is 
expected to complete projects in the following priority order, 
as funding permits: upgrade the e-mail system, modernize the 
internet and intranet, improve electronic records management, 
and consolidate the IT infrastructure.
    The Committee notes that the SBA has oversight of the 
Business Gateway program, a one-stop web site for existing and 
prospective business owners. The Committee is not convinced 
that there is sufficient justification for this and other e-
government investments. The recommendation includes language 
making any funds for e-government activities subject to the 
reprogramming requirements in section 605 of the Act.
    The Committee recommendation for salaries and expenses 
includes a total of $118,000,000 for non-credit initiatives as 
follows:

                        [In thousands of dollars]

Veterans Programs.......................................            $750
Small Business Development Centers......................          88,000
SCORE...................................................           5,000
Women's Business Centers................................          12,500
Women's Business Council................................             750
Microloan Technical Assistance..........................          10,000
Drug Free Workplace.....................................           1,000
                    --------------------------------------------------------
                    ____________________________________________________
    Total, non-credit initiatives.......................         118,000

    The SBA shall not reduce these noncredit programs to fund 
operating costs.
    The SBA shall submit a report to the Committee by August 
15, 2005, describing the following programs and identifying any 
duplication or opportunities for consolidation of activities: 
SBDCs, Women's Business Centers, and SCORE. The Committee is 
concerned that many of these programs perform similar functions 
and serve similar audiences, and, therefore, may be 
duplicative.
    The Committee is aware that there are certain rural areas 
that are underutilized business areas, but are excluded from 
HUBZone designation because a metropolitan area in the county 
disproportionately affects the total population of the 
jurisdiction and prohibits the county from being designated as 
a qualified nonmetropolitan county. The Committee encourages 
the SBA to examine ways to incorporate these areas into any 
future revisions of the Small Business Act.
    The Committee recommendation includes requested language 
authorizing $3,500 for official reception and representation 
expenses as well as language authorizing the SBA to charge fees 
to cover the cost of publications and certain loan servicing 
activities. The language also permits revenues received from 
all such activities to be credited to the salaries and expenses 
account to be available for carrying out these purposes without 
further appropriations. The recommendation also includes new 
language making $1,000,000 available for the National Veterans 
Business Development Corporation.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends $13,500,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General of the Small Business Administration, which 
is $1,000,000 below the request and $660,000 above the amount 
appropriated in fiscal year 2005. The Committee understands 
that these resources will be used to meet the Office of 
Inspector General's statutory requirements, with a particular 
focus on fraud investigations, financial statement audits, and 
the agency's transformation.

                 SURETY BOND GUARANTEES REVOLVING FUND

    The Committee recommends a total of $2,861,000 for the 
Surety Bond Guarantees Revolving Fund, which is $139,000 below 
the request and the same as the fiscal year 2005 level. The 
Committee understands that the Surety Bond program is not 
covered by Federal Credit Reform Act, and that SBA requests an 
appropriation only when projections show that the reserves need 
to be replenished to cover estimated future liabilities.

                     BUSINESS LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the direct costs of 
business loans, which is $435,000 less than the fiscal year 
2005 level and $1,000,000 above the request. The Committee's 
recommendation restores the loan subsidy appropriation for the 
microloan program which was proposed for elimination in the 
request.
    The Committee recommends a total of $124,961,000 under this 
account for administrative expenses related to business loan 
programs. The amount provided for administrative expenses may 
be transferred to and merged with the appropriation for SBA 
salaries and expenses to cover the common overhead expenses 
associated with business loans.
    The SBA Business Loan Program serves as an important source 
of capital for America's small businesses. The recommendation 
designates a $16,500,000,000 business loan program level, the 
requested program level. The President's request and the 
Committee's recommendation assume that the 7(a) business loan 
program can continue to operate without an appropriation for 
subsidy costs. The Committee believes that operating this 
program at zero subsidy is beneficial for the long-term 
sustainability of this program.
    The recommendation also supports the Small Business 
Investment Company (SBIC) and 504 loan programs with no subsidy 
appropriation. As proposed, the recommendation does not include 
authority for the participating securities program. The 
recommendation includes a $6,000,000,000 program level for the 
504 certified development company program, which is 
$500,000,000 above the request and $1,000,000,000 above the 
fiscal year 2005 level.
    In addition, the recommendation includes a $12,000,000,000 
program level for the Secondary Market Guarantee Program. This 
reflects the inclusion of this program under the Federal Credit 
Reform Act. The subsidy rate is zero; therefore, no 
appropriation is required.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, 
Congress is required to appropriate an amount sufficient to 
cover the subsidy costs associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
2006, as well as the administrative expenses of the loan 
programs. The subsidy amounts are measured on a net present 
value basis and the administrative expenses are estimated on a 
cash basis.

                     DISASTER LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends a total of $129,254,000 for the 
Disaster Loans Program Account for loan subsidies and 
associated administrative expenses, which is $10,081,000 below 
the request and $17,606,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level 
excluding supplementals. The Committee recommendation includes 
$79,538,000 for the subsidy costs of disaster loans, which, 
when combined with estimated recoveries and other carry-over 
balances, will provide for a loan level of at least 
$810,350,000, which represents the requested average annual 
disaster loan program level.
    The Committee recommendation includes $49,716,000 for 
administrative expenses of carrying out the program, which may 
be transferred to and merged with appropriations for salaries 
and expenses. The recommendation includes language specifying 
that, of the amount provided for administrative expenses, 
$40,316,000 is for the direct administrative expenses of loan 
making and loan servicing, and $8,500,000 is for indirect 
administrative expenses. The recommendation also includes 
language requiring that any amount in excess of $8,500,000 
transferred to the salaries and expenses account for indirect 
administrative expenses shall be subject to reprogramming 
requirements, as detailed under section 605 of this Act. In 
addition, the recommendation retains language transferring 
$900,000 of the amount provided for administrative expenses to 
the Office of Inspector General for audits and reviews of the 
disaster loan portfolio.
    As required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990, the 
Congress is required to appropriate an amount sufficient to 
cover the subsidy costs associated with all direct loan 
obligations and loan guarantee commitments made in fiscal year 
2006, as well as the administrative expenses of the loan 
programs. The subsidy amounts are measured on a net present 
value basis, and the administrative expenses are estimated on a 
cash basis.

                        State Justice Institute


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for the State Justice 
Institute (SJI) for fiscal year 2006, which is $578,000 below 
the fiscal year 2005 appropriation and $2,000,000 above the 
President's request.
    The SJI is a private, non-governmental organization that 
awards grants to improve the administration of justice in State 
courts. For the fourth consecutive year, the Administration's 
budget request has proposed eliminating Federal funding for 
SJI.
    The Committee understands that SJI has been unable to 
generate stable sources of non-Federal funding. The Committee 
is aware that SJI has contacted bar associations and court 
organizations, yet these groups are not inclined to contribute 
to operations of the SJI beyond providing matching grant funds 
for individual projects. For this reason, the Committee has 
continued to provide Federal funds for SJI even though the 
President's request does not include funding for this 
organization. The Committee commends SJI for beginning to work 
with the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) on issues involving 
State courts and encourages SJI to continue to seek funds from 
OJP grant programs.
    The Committee expects that successful applicants for new 
and continuing SJI grants will provide matching funds of not 
less than fifty percent of the total cost of the project.

      United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommendation includes $4,000,000 for the 
necessary expenses of the United States-China Economic and 
Security Review Commission in fiscal year 2006, including not 
more than $5,000 for the purpose of official representation. 
This amount is $1,040,000 above the fiscal year 2005 level and 
the same as the request. Requested language regarding staffing 
limitations is not included. The Committee supports the work 
the Commission is undertaking in response to the U.S.-China 
trade relationship.

                    United States Institute of Peace


                           OPERATING EXPENSES

    The recommendation includes $22,850,000 for the United 
States Institute of Peace, which is $157,000 above the fiscal 
year 2005 level, and $1,000,000 above the budget request. The 
recommended funding level supports programs related to 
resolving conflicts in the Arab and Muslim World.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

    The Committee recommends the following general provisions 
for the departments and agencies funded in the accompanying 
bill.
    Section 601 prohibits any appropriation contained in the 
Act from being used for publicity or propaganda purposes not 
authorized by the Congress.
    Section 602 prohibits any appropriation contained in the 
Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current 
fiscal year unless explicitly provided.
    Section 603 provides that the expenditure of any 
appropriation contained in the Act for any consulting service 
through procurement contracts shall be limited to those 
contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record 
and available for public inspection, except where otherwise 
provided under existing law or under existing Executive Order 
issued pursuant to existing law.
    Section 604 provides that if any provision of the Act or 
the application of such provision to any person or circumstance 
shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the 
application of such provisions to persons or circumstances 
other than those to which it is held invalid shall not be 
affected.
    Section 605, modified from fiscal year 2005, provides for 
the Committee's policy concerning the reprogramming of funds. 
Section 605(a) prohibits the reprogramming of funds which: (1) 
creates new programs; (2) eliminates a program, project, or 
activity; (3) increases funds or personnel by any means for any 
project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
restricted; (4) relocates offices or employees; (5) reorganizes 
or renames offices; (6) reorganizes programs, or activities; or 
(7) contracts out or privatizes any function or activity 
presently performed by Federal employees unless the 
Appropriations Committees of both Houses of Congress are 
notified 15 days in advance. Section 605(b) prohibits a 
reprogramming of funds in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, 
whichever is less, that: (1) augments existing programs, 
projects or activities; (2) reduces by 10 percent funding for 
any existing program, project, or activity, or numbers of 
personnel by 10 percent as approved by Congress; or (3) results 
from any general savings, including savings from a reduction in 
personnel, which would result in a change in existing programs, 
activities, or projects as approved by Congress unless the 
Appropriations Committees of both Houses of Congress are 
notified 15 days in advance. The Committee has again included 
carryover funds under the requirements of section 605 to 
clarify that agencies must follow reprogramming procedures with 
respect to carryover funds.
    Section 606 prohibits funds from being used to implement, 
administer, or enforce any guidelines of the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission covering harassment based on religion 
similar to proposed guidelines published by the EEOC in October 
1993.
    Section 607 provides that if it is determined that any 
person intentionally affixes a ``Made in America'' label to any 
product that was not made in America that person shall not be 
eligible to receive any contract or subcontract with funds made 
available in this Act.
    Section 608, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the use of funds for any United Nations peacekeeping 
mission when it is made known that United States Armed Forces 
are under the command or operational control of a foreign 
national and the President has not submitted to the Congress a 
recommendation that such involvement is in the national 
security interest of the United States.
    Section 609, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
requires quarterly reporting to Congress of unobligated 
balances that were received during any previous fiscal year.
    Section 610, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the use of funds to pay for expansion of diplomatic 
or consular operations in Vietnam beyond the level of 
operations on July 11, 1995, unless the President certifies 
within 60 days that Vietnam is cooperating in full faith with 
the U.S. on POW/MIA issues.
    Section 611 provides that any closing or downsizing costs 
incurred by a department or agency funded under this Act 
resulting from funding reductions in the Act shall be absorbed 
within the budgetary resources available to the Department or 
agency, and provides transfer authority between appropriation 
accounts to carry out the provision, subject to reprogramming 
procedures.
    Section 612, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits funds made available in this Act from being used to 
promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco products or to 
seek the reduction or removal of foreign restrictions on the 
marketing of tobacco products, provided that such restrictions 
are applied equally to all tobacco products or tobacco products 
of the same type. This provision is not intended to impact 
routine international trade services provided to all U.S. 
citizens, including the processing of applications to establish 
foreign trade zones.
    Section 613 prohibits funds for the issuance of visas to 
persons involved in political and extrajudicial killings in 
Haiti.
    Section 614 prohibits funds made available in this Act from 
being used to implement a Federal user fee for background 
checks conducted pursuant to the Brady Handgun Control Act of 
1993, or to implement a background check system that does not 
require and result in the destruction of certain information 
within 24 hours.
    Section 615, modified from fiscal year 2005 and the 
request, delays the obligations of any receipts deposited into 
the Crime Victims Fund in excess of $625,000,000 until October 
1, 2006. This language is continued to ensure a stable source 
of funds will remain available for the program, despite 
inconsistent levels of criminal fines deposited annually into 
the fund. Requested language rescinding the remaining balances 
in the Crime Victims Fund is not included.
    Section 616 prohibits the use of Department of Justice 
funds for programs that discriminate against or denigrate the 
religious beliefs of students participating in such programs.
    Section 617, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the use of funds to process visas for citizens of 
countries that deny or delay the repatriation of deported 
citizens.
    Section 618, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the transfer of funds in the Act to any department or 
agency of the United States Government, except for transfers 
made under authorities provided in this, or any other 
appropriation Act.
    Section 619, modified from the current year and proposed 
for deletion in the budget request, requires the Departments of 
Commerce, Justice, and State, the Securities and Exchange 
Commission and the Small Business Administration to certify 
that telecommuting opportunities have increased over the 
previous fiscal year. This section also designates funding for 
the Department's, the Securities and Exchange Commission and 
the Small Business Administration to be available only after 
such certification is provided.
    Section 620 requires the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration and National Science Foundation to certify that 
telecommuting opportunities have been made available to 100 
percent of the eligible workforce. This section also designates 
funding for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
and National Science Foundation to be available only after such 
certification is provided.
    Section 621, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
requires the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and 
Explosives to include specific language in any release of 
tracing study data that makes clear that trace data cannot be 
used to draw broad conclusions about firearms-related crime.
    Section 622, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the issuance of certain visas.
    Section 623 prohibits the use of funds to process patents 
of human organisms. The Committee concurs with the intent of 
this provision as expressed in the colloquy between the 
provision's sponsor in the House and the Ranking Minority 
Member of the House Committee on Appropriations as occurred on 
July 22, 2003, with respect to any existing patents on stem 
cells.
    Section 624, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the use of funds in this Act to pay expenses for any 
United States delegation to the United Nations Human Rights 
Commission if such commission is chaired or presided over by a 
country that has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
international terrorism.
    Section 625, modified as requested, provides guidance 
regarding the Capital Security Cost-Sharing program for 
overseas buildings.
    Section 626 prohibits the use of funds in this Act to be 
used to support or justify torture by any official or contract 
employee of the United States Government.
    Section 627, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
designates funds from the Departments and agencies in this Act 
for the purpose of implementing the Capital Security Cost-
Sharing program.
    Section 628, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the use of funds in this Act to contravene the United 
States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.
    Section 629, proposed for deletion in the budget request, 
prohibits the use of funds made available to National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration for voluntary separations, 
unless the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration certifies to Congress that there would be no 
loss of critical skills for certain National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration activities.
    Section 630 allows the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration to sell a certain parcel of land and to retain 
the proceeds for certain activities.
    Section 631 directs the President through his designee the 
Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration to develop a national aeronautics policy to 
guide the aeronautics programs of the Administration through 
2020.
    Section 632 requires that any funds used by the National 
Science Foundation to implement certain initiatives shall be 
subject to section 605 of this Act.
    Section 633 prohibits the use of funds in this Act to 
require certain export licenses.
    Section 634 prohibits the use of funds in this Act to deny 
certain import applications.
    Section 635 prohibits the use of funds to include certain 
language in trade agreements.

                         TITLE VII--RESCISSIONS


                         DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE


                            Legal Activities


                         ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND

                              (RESCISSION)

    The recommendation includes a rescission of $62,000,000 
from unobligated balances in this account. The budget request 
proposed this rescission under Title I of this Act.

                      Offfice of Justice Programs


               STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE

                              (RESCISSION)

    The recommendation includes a rescission of $38,500,000 of 
the unobligated prior year balances in this account. The budget 
request proposed a $95,500,000 rescission for similar programs 
under Title I of this Act. This rescission shall not apply to 
funds available for the State Criminal Alien Assistance 
Program.

                  COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES

                              (RESCISSION)

    The recommendation includes a rescission of $86,500,000 of 
unobligated prior year balances in this account. The budget 
request proposed a $115,500,000 rescission from this account 
under Title I of this Act.

                         DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE


            EMERGENCY STEEL GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM ACCOUNT

                              (RESCISSION)

    The recommendation includes a rescission of $35,000,000 of 
unobligated balances in this account instead of $50,168,000 as 
proposed in the budget request.

                            RELATED AGENCIES


              United States-Canada Alaska Rail Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

                              (RESCISSION)

    The recommendation includes a rescission of $2,000,000 from 
unobligated balances in this account, as proposed in the budget 
request.

              House of Representatives Report Requirements

    The following items are included in accordance with various 
requirements of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

                        Constitutional Authority

    Clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives states that:

          Each report of a committee on a bill or joint 
        resolution of a public character shall include a 
        statement citing the specific powers granted to the 
        Congress in the Constitution to enact the law proposed 
        by the bill or joint resolution.

    The Committee on Appropriations bases its authority to 
report this legislation from Clause 7 of Section 9 of Article I 
of the Constitution of the United States of America, which 
states:

          No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in 
        consequence of Appropriations made by law. * * *

    Appropriations contained in this Act are made pursuant to 
this specific power granted by the Constitution.

         Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding:
    The Committee on Appropriations considers program 
performance, including a program's success in developing and 
attaining outcome-related goals and objectives in developing 
funding recommendations.

               Changes in the Application of Existing Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1) of rule XIII of Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill, which directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included in various parts of the bill to 
continue ongoing activities that require annual authorization 
or additional legislation, which to date has not been enacted.
    The bill includes provisions that place limitations on the 
use of funds in the bill or change existing limitations and 
that might, under some circumstances, be construed as changing 
the application of existing law.
    The bill includes a number of provisions, virtually 
unchanged for many years, that are technically considered 
legislation.
    The bill also provides that a number of appropriations 
shall remain available for obligation beyond the current fiscal 
year. While these provisions are not specifically authorized 
for all of the items, it is deemed desirable to include such 
language for certain programs in order to provide for orderly 
administration and the effective use of funds.
    Language is included under a number of accounts, in which 
appropriations are offset by collections, that specifies the 
level of offsetting collections to be credited to the account 
and in certain cases makes collections in excess of the level 
available in the following fiscal year.
    In various places in the bill, the Committee has designated 
funds within appropriation accounts in order to fund specific 
programs and has adjusted some designations.
    Language is deleted for items that were one-time 
requirements in fiscal year 2005.
    Language is included making changes to citations of 
authorizations.
    Language is included designating the number of employees 
and funding for certain functions of the Departments of 
Commerce, Justice and State.
    Throughout the bill, several General Provisions carried in 
the fiscal year 2005 bill for one-time requirements are deleted 
and several others contain technical modifications.
    Those additional changes in the fiscal year 2006 bill, 
which might be interpreted as changing existing law, are as 
follows:
    Under United States Attorneys, language is modified 
concerning the availability of funds.
    Under United States Marshals Service, Salaries and 
Expenses, language is included regarding amounts available for 
information technology systems, equipment, and the renovation 
of certain space.
    Under Fees and Expenses of Witnesses, language is modified 
making such sums of funding available.
    Under the Federal Bureau of Investigation, language is 
modified concerning the purchase of motor vehicles, designating 
an amount for reimbursable agreements, and designating funding 
for official reception and representation.
    Under the Federal Bureau of Investigation, language is 
modified making funding available for a records management 
facility.
    Under the Drug Enforcement Administration, language is 
modified concerning the purchase of motor vehicles.
    Under Federal Prison System, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included regarding the purchase of motor vehicles, 
and regarding funds carried forward into the next fiscal year.
    Under Violence Against Women Prevention and Prosecution 
Programs, language is included regarding evaluation, training 
and technical assistance.
    Under State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance, language 
is modified regarding intelligence capabilities, and language 
is included regarding cannabis eradication and capital 
litigation.
    Under Weed and Seed Program Fund, language is modified 
regarding training and technical assistance.
    Under Community Oriented Policing Services, language is 
modified regarding armor vests, Indian tribes, interoperability 
and gangs. Language is modified regarding the availability of 
DNA analysis funding. Language is modified regarding the use of 
prior year balances.
    Under the Juvenile Justice account, language is modified 
regarding the gang resistance program. Language is included 
regarding the application of certain funding designations.
    In section 105, modified language is included allowing the 
Department of Justice to transfer up to five percent between 
appropriations accounts, subject to the Committee's 
reprogramming procedures.
    In section 106, language is modified regarding a Personnel 
Management Demonstration Project.
    In section 107, modified language is included regarding the 
establishment of procurement quotas by the Drug Enforcement 
Administration.
    In section 110, language is included regarding the 
application of reprogramming requirements to certain 
initiatives.
    Under the International Trade Administration, language is 
modified concerning the availability of funds.
    Under Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning and 
Construction, language is modified regarding the administration 
of grants.
    Under United States Patent and Trademark Office, language 
is modified regarding certain authorities.
    Under National Institutes of Standards and Technology, 
language is modified allowing the transfer of certain amounts 
to the working capital fund.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Operations, Research, and Facilities, language is included 
making specific amounts available by transfer from the 
``Promote and Develop American Fisheries''. Language is 
modified regarding general administrative charges. Language is 
modified regarding reprogramming and use of de-obligated 
balances.
    Under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
Procurement, Acquisition and Construction, language is modified 
regarding reprogramming and the use of de-obligated balances.
    Under Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery, language is included 
describing uses of funds under this account.
    Section 205 includes modified language regarding the 
application of reprogramming requirements to certain 
initiatives.
    Under the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
Administrative Provisions, language is modified regarding the 
transfer of funds between appropriations accounts.
    Under the National Science Foundation, Research and Related 
Activities, language is modified regarding the United States 
polar icebreaking fleet. Language is included regarding 
inducement prizes.
    Under emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Services, 
language is included regarding transfers to the repatriation 
loans program account.
    Under International Organizations, Contributions to 
International Organizations, language is modified requiring 
notification of any increase in the United Nations biennial 
budget.
    Under Contributions to International Peacekeeping 
Activities, language is included regarding extended 
availability of funds. Language is included prohibiting funds 
to be obligated for any new or expanded United Nations 
peacekeeping mission unless the United Nations has taken 
appropriate measures to prevent sexual exploitation and to hold 
accountable individuals who engage in such activity.
    Section 405 includes new language regarding the application 
of reprogramming requirements to certain initiatives.
    Section 406 includes new language relating to eligibility 
criteria for the State Department's rewards program.
    Under Small Business Administration, Salaries and Expenses, 
language is included regarding an authorization citation, and 
language is included designating a specific amount for the 
National Veterans Business Development Corporation. Language is 
included regarding the application of reprogramming 
requirements to certain initiatives.
    Under Business Loans Program Account, includes language 
deleting the reference to an authorization Act and designating 
an amount of lending authority.
    Under Disaster Loans Program Account, language is included 
regarding authorities for providing direct loans, and providing 
for the availability of funds.
    Section 605 includes modified language regarding the 
reprogramming of funds.
    Section 609 includes modified language regarding the 
submission of accounting reports.
    Section 615 includes modified language regarding the Fund 
established in 42 U.S.C. 10601.
    Section 619 includes modified language, requiring the 
Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Securities and 
Exchange Commission and the Small Business Administration to 
certify that telecommuting opportunities have increased over 
the previous fiscal year. This section also designates funding 
for the departments, the Securities and Exchange Commission and 
the Small Business Administration to be available only after 
such certification is provided.
    Section 620 requires the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration and National Science Foundation to certify that 
telecommuting opportunities have been made available to 100 
percent of the eligible workforce. This section also designates 
funding for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
and National Science Foundation to be available only after such 
certification is provided.
    Section 625 includes modified language regarding the 
Department of State's Capital Security Cost Sharing program.
    Section 627 includes modified language designating funding 
for the Capital Security Cost Sharing program.
    Section 629 prohibits the use of funds made available to 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration for voluntary 
separations, unless the Administrator of National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration certifies to Congress that there would 
be no loss of critical skills for certain National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration activities.
    Section 630 allows the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration to sell a certain parcel of land and to retain 
the proceeds for certain activities.
    Section 631 directs the President through his designee, the 
Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, to develop a national aeronautics policy to 
guide the aeronautics programs of the Administration through 
2020.
    Section 632 requires that any funds used by the National 
Science Foundation to implement certain initiatives shall be 
subject to section 605 of this Act.
    Section 633 prohibits the use of funds in this Act to 
require certain export licenses.
    Section 634 prohibits the use of funds in this Act to deny 
certain import applications.
    Section 635 prohibits the use of funds to include certain 
language in trade agreements.

                  Appropriations Not Authorized by Law

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table lists the 
appropriations in the accompanying bill which are not 
authorized by law:

                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Appropriations
                                                Last year of    Authorization    in  last year    Appropriations
               Agency/Program                  authorization        level              of          in this bill
                                                                                 authorization
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Department of Justice: \1\
    General Administration..................             2003         $121,079         $100,579         $126,956
    Justice Information Sharing Technology..  ...............  ...............  ...............          135,000
    Narrowband Communications / Integrated               2003          149,292           81,354          110,000
     Wireless Network.......................
    Administrative Review and Appeals.......             2003          198,869          191,535          215,685
    Detention Trustee.......................             2003        1,388,583        1,366,591        1,222,000
    Office of Inspector General.............             2003           66,288           57,937           66,801
    U.S. Parole Commission..................             2003           11,355           10,488           11,200
    General Legal Activities................             2003          659,181          611,325          665,821
    Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund..             1992            4,058            2,500            6,333
    Antitrust Division......................             2003          141,855          133,133          144,451
    U.S. Attorneys..........................             2003        1,550,948        1,503,767        1,626,146
    Foreign Claims Settlement Commission....             2003            1,194            1,136            1,220
    U.S. Marshals Service...................             2003          737,346          680,474          800,255
    Fees and Expenses of Witnesses..........             2003          156,145          175,645        such sums
    Community Relations Service.............             2003           10,732            9,474            9,659
    Assets Forfeiture Fund..................             2003           22,949           21,901           21,468
    Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement..             2003          362,131          372,131          506,940
    Federal Bureau of Investigation--                    2003        4,323,912        4,234,587        5,741,132
     Salaries and Expenses..................
    Federal Bureau of Investigation--                    2003            1,250            1,250           20,105
     Construction...........................
    Drug Enforcement Administration.........             2003        1,582,044        1,560,919        1,706,173
    Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and  ...............  ...............  ...............          923,613
     Explosives.............................
    Federal Prison System...................             2003        4,605,068        4,470,478        4,969,126
Violence Against Women Prevention and
 Prosecution Programs:
    STOP Formula Program....................             2005          185,000          187,086          187,308
    Encouraging Arrest Policies.............             2005           65,000           63,491           63,491
    Rural Domestic Violence.................             2005           40,000           39,685           39,685
    Training Programs for Probation and                  1997            1,000  ...............            4,415
     Pretrial Services......................
    Stalking Database.......................             2005            3,000            2,950            2,950
    Safe Havens.............................             2002           15,000  ...............           14,078
    Education and Training for Disabled                  2005            7,500            7,250            7,250
     Female Victims.........................
    Civil Legal Assistance..................             2005           40,000           39,740           39,740
    Violence on College Campuses............             2005           10,000            9,175            9,175
    Training Programs for Disabled Women....             2005            5,000            4,600            4,600
    Court Appointed Special Advocates.......             2005           12,000           11,897           11,897
    Training for Judicial Personnel.........             2005            2,300            1,925            1,925
    Grants for Televised Testimony..........             2005            1,000              983              983
Office of Justice Programs:
    Justice Assistance:
        Management and Administration.......             2003          215,811           38,000           36,000
        National Institute of Justice.......             1995           33,000           59,879           56,000
        Bureau of Justice Statistics........             1995           33,000           32,335           35,000
        Regional Information Sharing System.             2003          100,000           29,000           40,466
        White Collar Crime Center...........  ...............  ...............  ...............            9,000
    State and Local Law Enforcement:
        Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance     ...............  ...............  ...............          348,466
         Grants.............................
        Byrne Discretionary Grants..........             1995        1,000,000          500,000          110,000
        Boys and Girls Clubs................             2005           80,000           85,000           85,000
        State Criminal Alien Assistance                  2004        such sums          300,000          355,000
         Program............................
        Southwest Border Prosecutors........  ...............  ...............  ...............           30,000
        Victims of Trafficking..............             2005           15,000           10,000           10,000
        Drug Courts.........................             2005           60,000           40,000           40,000
        State Prison Drug Treatment Program.             2000           72,000           63,000           25,000
        Cannabis Eradication................  ...............  ...............  ...............           11,600
        Intelligence State and Local          ...............  ...............  ...............           10,359
         Training...........................
        Prescription Drug Monitoring........  ...............  ...............  ...............           10,000
        Missing Alzheimer's Patients........             1998              900              898              871
    Weed and Seed...........................  ...............  ...............  ...............           50,000
    Community Oriented Policing:
        Tribal Law Enforcement..............  ...............  ...............  ...............           38,000
        Methamphetamine Hot Spots...........  ...............  ...............  ...............           60,000
        Law Enforcement Interoperability and  ...............  ...............  ...............          120,000
         Technologies.......................
        Bullet Proof Vests Programs.........             2004           50,000           25,000           30,000
        Anti-gang Initiative................  ...............  ...............  ...............           60,000
        Offender Reentry....................             2005           16,000           10,000           10,000
    Juvenile Justice:
        Juvenile Mentoring..................  ...............  ...............  ...............            5,000
        Tribal Youth........................  ...............  ...............  ...............           10,000
        Alcohol Prevention..................  ...............  ...............  ...............           25,000
        Gang Prevention.....................  ...............  ...............  ...............           25,000
        Juvenile Accountability Block Grant.             2005          350,000           55,000           60,000
        Victims of Child Abuse Act..........             2005           20,000           15,000           15,000
        Secure our Schools Act..............             2003           30,000  ...............           15,000
        Project Childsafe...................  ...............  ...............  ...............            5,000
Office of the United States Trade                        2004           33,108           41,552           44,779
 Representative.............................
International Trade Commission..............             2004           57,240           61,700           62,752
Department of Commerce:.....................
    International Trade Administration......             1996        such sums          248,726          406,925
    Bureau of Industry and Security.........             2001        such sums           64,711           77,000
    National Telecommunications and                      1993           19,400           17,900           17,716
     Information Administration.............
    Public Telecommunications Facilities,                1994           42,000           24,000            2,000
     Planning and Construction..............
    National Institute of Standards and                  1993          393,500          279,007          555,204
     Technology, Technology Administration..
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric                  various  ...............  ...............        3,380,000
     Administration \2\.....................
National Aeronautics and Space                           2002       14,625,400       16,196,400       16,471,050
 Administration.............................
National Science Foundation \3\.............             2005        7,378,340       5,472,8224        5,643,370
Department of State:
    Administration of Foreign Affairs.......             2003        5,190,390        5,874,914        6,699,438
    International Organizations.............             2003        1,617,359        1,672,000        2,201,712
    International Commissions...............             2003           66,385           64,130           63,800
    Other State.............................             2003           72,000           69,986           66,875
Broadcasting Board of Governors.............             2003          644,486          599,560          630,893
United States Commission on Civil Rights....             1995            9,500            9,096            9,096
Commission on International Religious                    2003            3,000            3,000            3,200
 Freedom....................................
Federal Communications Commission...........             1991        such sums          115,794          289,771
Federal Trade Commission....................             1998          111,000          106,500          211,000
Legal Services Corporation..................             1980        such sums          300,000          330,803
Marine Mammal Commission....................             1999            1,750            1,890            1,865
Securities and Exchange Commission..........             2003          776,000          716,350          888,117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The fiscal year 2005 Commerce, Justice, State, and the Judiciary and Related Agencies Appropriation Act,
  Public Law 108-447, Section 105, continued the authorizations contained in Public law 107-273, the 21st
  Century Department of Justice Appropriations Authorizations Act until the effective date of a subsequent
  Department of Justice appropriation authorization act.
\2\ Programs under the Department of Commerce are funded pursuant to a number of expiring authorizing statutes.
  The statutes address a number of projects that do not directly correspond to the account structure in this
  Act.
\3\ FY 2006 authorization levels for the National Science Foundation are contingent upon a determination by
  Congress that the National Science Foundation has made progress toward certain management goals. Congress has
  not yet made such determinations.


                 Comparison With the Budget Resolution

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires an explanation of compliance with 
section 308(a)(1)(A) of the Congressional Budget and 
Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-344), as 
amended, which requires that the report accompanying a bill 
providing new budget authority contain a statement detailing 
how that authority compares with the reports submitted under 
section 302 of the Act for the most recently agreed to 
concurrent resolution on the budget for the fiscal year from 
the Committee's section 302(a) allocation.

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Section 302(b)  Recommended in
                                            allocation       this bill
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Budget authority:
    Mandatory...........................            $361            $361
    Discretionary.......................          57,453          57,453
                                         -------------------------------
      Total budget authority............          57,814          57,814
                                         ===============================
Outlays:
    Manadory............................             373             373
    Discretionary.......................          58,856          58,608
                                         -------------------------------
      Total outlays.....................          59,229          58,981
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      Five-Year Outlay Projections

    In compliance with section 308(a)(1)(B) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the following table contains 
five-year projections associated with the budget authority 
provided in the accompanying bill:

Fiscal year 2006 outlays

                        [In millions of dollars]

Budget authority........................................         $57,814
Outlays:
    2006................................................          35,834
    2007................................................          15,274
    2008................................................           4,333
    2009................................................           2,097
    2010 and future years...............................           1,032

               Assistance to State and Local Governments

    In accordance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget and impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the financial assistance to 
State and local governments is as follows:

                                                                Millions
FY 2006 new budget authority............................          $2,475
FY 2006 outlays resulting therefrom.....................             495

          Compliance with Rule XIII, Cl. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)

    In accordance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclose in black brackets, new matter 
is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

    SECTION 36 OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT BASIC AUTHORITIES ACT OF 1956


SEC. 36. DEPARTMENT OF STATE REWARDS PROGRAM.

    (a) * * *
    (b) Rewards Authorized.--In the sole discretion of the 
Secretary (except as provided in subsection (c)(2)) and in 
consultation, as appropriate, with the Attorney General, the 
Secretary may pay a reward to any individual or to an officer 
or employee of a foreign government in accordance with 
subsection (f)(2) who furnishes information leading to--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(f) Ineligibility.--An officer]
    (f) Ineligibility._
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        an officer or employee of any entity of Federal, State, 
        or local government or of a foreign government who, 
        while in the performance of his or her official duties, 
        furnishes information described in subsection (b) shall 
        not be eligible for a reward under this section.
          (2) Exception in certain circumstances.--The 
        Secretary may pay a reward to an officer or employee of 
        a foreign government (or any entity thereof) who, while 
        in the performance of his or her official duties, 
        furnishes information described in such subsection, if 
        the Secretary determines that such payment satisfies 
        the following conditions:
                  (A) Such payment is appropriate in light of 
                the exceptional or high-profile nature of the 
                information furnished pursuant to such 
                subsection.
                  (B) Such payment may aid in furnishing 
                further information described in such 
                subsection.
                  (C) Such payment is formally requested by 
                such agency.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                           TRANSFER OF FUNDS

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, no language is included transferring 
unexpended balances.

                              RESCISSIONS

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

Department of Justice, Assets Forfeiture Fund...........     $62,000,000
Department of Justice, State and Local Law Enforcement 
    Assistance Account..................................      38,500,000
Department of Justice, Community Oriented Policing 
    Services Account....................................      86,500,000
Department of Commerce, Emergency Steel Guaranteed Loan 
    Program Account.....................................      35,000,000
United States-Canada Alaska Rail Commission.............       2,000,000


      Comparative Statement of New Budget (Obligational) Authority

    The following table provides a detailed summary, for each 
Department and agency, comparing the amounts recommended in the 
bill with fiscal year 2005 enacted amounts and budget estimates 
presented for fiscal year 2006:



                  ADDITIONAL VIEWS OF HON. DAVID OBEY

    Once again, the President requested severe cuts in programs 
of vital interest to the Nation. Once again, the subcommittee's 
allocation, reflecting the budget agreed to by the Republican-
controlled Congress, did not permit the full restoration of the 
cuts. Each year we applaud the Chairman for restoring a 
significant portion of the cuts but we ignore the long-term 
impact. This pattern has slowly eroded efforts to assist state 
and local communities over the years.
    At the same time that States and local communities are 
taking on greater law enforcement and community building 
responsibilities, the Administration and the Congress are 
slowly withdrawing funds needed to meet these increasing 
demands. Since September 11, for example, local police have 
undertaken increased homeland security duties. Additionally, 
the sluggish national economy is forcing local communities to 
work harder to attract new businesses, maintain existing ones, 
and create new jobs. Yet, the Committee's bill will ask our 
State and local law enforcement agencies and community 
development organizations to do more in these areas with fewer 
resources. It cannot be done.
    The President budget proposed slashing State and local law 
enforcement assistance grants by $1.4 billion, a 46.2 percent 
cut from last year's level, and eliminating Economic 
Development Assistance program grants to distressed 
communities. While the Committee managed to repair some of the 
damage, this bill does not even get back to last year's levels.
    State and Local Law Enforcement: The Committee bill 
restored $1 billion for State and local law enforcement 
assistance. However, law enforcement grants are still cut by 
$400 million from last year, and last year's level was $226 
million below the year before. Looking back to FY 2001, state 
and local law enforcement agencies will have to do more in FY 
2006 with $1 billion less.
    Why is it important to restore funding to assist state and 
local law enforcement? Of the 44 largest metropolitan police 
departments, 27 have been forced to reduce the number of police 
on the streets. Cleveland, New York, Minneapolis, New Orleans, 
and many other communities, have reduced the number of police 
since September 11th. Shortages of officers and increased 
homeland security duties have led police chiefs to abandon 
laborintensive but effective preventive policing practices. Not 
surprisingly, these police chiefs are reporting increased gang 
activity and other troubling indicators of violent crime.
    According to the Department of Justice, every $1 we invest 
in COPS grants contributes to a decline of 10 violent crimes 
and 27 property crimes per 100,000 residents. Moreover, 
numerous studies and surveys in the past three years have 
identified unmet critical law enforcement needs for hiring, 
training and technical assistance, as well as protective 
equipment and interoperable communications. In fact, the 
Independent Task Force on Emergency Responders, chaired by 
former Senator Warren Rudman, stated in its 2003 report that 
merely continuing funding levels would mean ``America will fall 
$98 billion short of meeting critical emergency responder needs 
over the next five years.'' Since that report, and despite the 
best efforts of the Subcommittee Chairman, funding for state 
and local law enforcement assistance has been cut by $1 
billion.
    Economic Development Administration grants: The Committee 
also restored $200 million for Economic Development Assistance 
program grants above the President's request, but this is still 
$53 million below last year's level. This is a 20 percent cut 
in one year and going back to FY 2001, EDA grants have been cut 
by about 50 percent.
    Why is it important to restore EDA grants? EDA grants spark 
public and private investments that help create and expand 
business, and bring new jobs to struggling communities. In 
2004, EDA investments helped create almost 126,000 new jobs, 
retain more than 34,000 jobs and leverage $10.4 billion in 
private sector investments in our nation's distressed 
communities. For every $1 million in EDA investments, another 
$10 million is typically leveraged in private sector funds. EDA 
is also essential to small cities and rural areas. Nearly 85 
percent of the nation's units of local government serve 
populations below 5,000 and almost 30 percent have no 
professional staff. As a result, smaller communities rely 
heavily on EDA-funded staff for professional and technical 
support.
    The root of this bill's problems is this year's 
irresponsible and woefully inadequate budget resolution and the 
resolution did not happen by accident. Ironically, some of the 
same Members of Congress who voted for this budget resolution 
are now asking that we, as appropriators, help to increase 
funding for specific programs or activities. Either these 
Members possess a complete lack of understanding of the budget 
process or they are hypocritically asking this Committee to 
repair the damage that they themselves caused. It is absurd 
that Members register surprise that certain programs are 
reduced even when the budget resolution mandated those cuts.
    The overall lack of funds to address national needs is the 
direct result of a Republican Budget Resolution for 2006 that 
provides $11.7 billion less than the amount necessary just to 
maintain current service levels for domestic programs. As 
Majority Leader Tom Delay pointed out last month during debate 
on the Conference Report on the Budget Resolution, ``This is 
the budget that the American people voted for when they 
returned a Republican House, a Republican Senate and a 
Republican White House last November.''
    This may not be the budget the American people voted for, 
but it is the budget the American people will receive under the 
current leadership in the White House and in the Congress.

                                                        David Obey.

               ADDITIONAL VIEWS OF HON. ALAN B. MOLLOHAN

    The appropriations bill for the Science, State, Justice, 
Commerce and Related Agencies reported by the Committee 
reflects a sincere effort by a capable subcommittee Chairman to 
put together a good bill in the face of some large reductions 
and legislative proposals in the President's request. The 
Subcommittee Chairman consulted with the minority throughout 
this process and the bill reflects our views and 
recommendations in many areas.
    While this is a good bill and the Chairman engaged in a 
fair and open process, I am concerned about the effects of 
reduced resources over the past several years on our states and 
our local communities. The Chairman has restored about a 
billion dollars over the President's cuts to state and local 
law enforcement, but the bill is still about $400 million below 
last year's level. The Chairman has also restored $200 million 
to the Economic Development Administration's grant program, 
which was eliminated in the President's 2006 proposal. However, 
that number is a little more than two-thirds the level that it 
was last year.
    Several smaller programs that are of importance to Members 
and their communities were not funded including the Public 
Telecommunications Facilities and Planning account and the 
Advanced Technology Partnership program.
    There are many positive aspects to this bill. The FBI 
received $50 million above the--President's request, including 
funding for drug agents that the President proposed to transfer 
into Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force. The Drug 
Enforcement Administration and the Marshals Service are both 
funded above the President's request and the bill rejects the 
President's proposals to impose a new tax on the explosives 
industry by the imposition of various fees, and to transfer 
responsibility and reduce funding for the High Intensity Drug 
Trafficking Area (HIDTA) Program.
    I am pleased that this bill rejects the Administration's 
``Strengthening America's Communities'' initiative proposed to 
be established in the Department of Commerce. The Chairman has 
restored the Manufacturing Extension Partnership program to 
$106 million, almost $60 million above the President's request. 
An increase of $200 million above last year's House bill was 
provided for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, but NOAA is still $150 million below the 
President's 2006 request.
    The bill retains $15 million in the Steel Loan Guarantee 
program, despite the President's request to rescind all 
funding. This program has been an important aid to the domestic 
steel industry and I will continue to argue for even more 
funding in conference.
    I am concerned that NASA is moving forward with fundamental 
changes to the mission, capital, and organization without the 
benefit of an authorization and a robust hearing process that 
such an authorization would entail. I am concerned about the 
general lack of information provided by NASA and presented in 
the fiscal year 2006 justification. Some of the yet to be 
answered questions include: the number of shuttle flights 
remaining, the final configurations of the International Space 
Station, the type of research to be conducted on the space 
station, what type of propulsion technologies and what types of 
activities will take place when we return to the Moon. Other 
ill-defined activities surround the Moon-Mars proposal, 
including the specifics of the Crew Exploration Vehicle.
    One priority in the science field that has been threatened 
during implementation of the Moon-Mars proposal is the Hubble 
Servicing Mission. Like many others in Congress, in the public, 
and in the science community, I am encouraged that 
Administrator Griffin intends to reassess a Hubble servicing 
mission. Hubble has been one of the world's premier scientific 
instruments for more than a decade, and a servicing mission can 
dramatically enhance and extend this valuable asset.
    While I am glad to see that the Chairman restored some of 
the monies for the science and aeronautics programs at NASA, I 
am concerned that crucial science and aeronautics programs are 
being reduced, deferred, and ultimately will wither. The 
science account, including programs such as solar system 
exploration, universe exploration, and the earth-sun system 
would receive less than a one percent increase under this 
budget proposal yet most of the recent successes have come from 
these programs.
    The Chairman did restore many of the cuts proposed by the 
President in the 2006 budget for the National Science 
Foundation, yet we are far behind the numbers advocated by the 
science community and the so-called ``doubling bill'' passed by 
the authorizing committee several years ago.
    For the State Department, I am pleased that the bill 
provides $410 million for educational and cultural exchanges, 
an increase of $54.5 million, and increases funding for public 
diplomacy programs to $340 million. Worldwide security 
activities for the State Department and embassy security 
upgrades are fully funded. The bill fully funds international 
peacekeeping efforts but requires that appropriate procedures 
are in place to sanction misconduct before any new peacekeeping 
operations are undertaken.
    Within the Small Business Administration, I was pleased to 
see that the Chairman chose to restore funding for the 
microloan program which had been zeroed out in the President's 
budget, although the bill's proposed funding level of $10 
million only partially restores this program.
    I support the bill and applaud the subcommittee Chairman 
whose strong values and vision are so well reflected in this 
measure.

                                                  Alan B. Mollohan.