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109th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    109-168

======================================================================



 
    FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 2006 AND 2007

                                _______
                                

 July 13, 2005.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

Mr. Hyde, from the Committee on International Relations, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                            ADDITIONAL VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2601]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on International Relations, to whom was 
referred the bill (H.R. 2601) to authorize appropriations for 
the Department of State for fiscal years 2006 and 2007, and for 
other purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably 
thereon with an amendment and recommends that the bill as 
amended do pass.

                           TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
The Amendment....................................................     2
Summary..........................................................    90
Background and Purpose...........................................    90
Hearings.........................................................    91
Committee Consideration..........................................    93
Votes of the Committee...........................................    96
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................    97
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................    97
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................    98
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................   108
Constitutional Authority Statement...............................   109
New Advisory Committees..........................................   109
Congressional Accountability Act.................................   109
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................   109
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............   188
Additional Views.................................................   249

                             The Amendment

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short Title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

               TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

Sec. 101. Administration of foreign affairs.
Sec. 102. Contributions to international organizations.
Sec. 103. International commissions.
Sec. 104. Migration and Refugee Assistance.
Sec. 105. Centers and foundations.
Sec. 106. United States International Broadcasting activities.

        TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

Sec. 201. Consolidation of law enforcement powers; new criminal 
offense.
Sec. 202. International litigation fund.
Sec. 203. Retention of medical reimbursements.
Sec. 204. Buying power maintenance account.
Sec. 205. Authority to administratively amend surcharges.
Sec. 206. Accountability review boards.
Sec. 207. Designation of Colin L. Powell Residential Plaza.
Sec. 208. Removal of contracting prohibition.
Sec. 209. Translation of reports of the Department of State.
Sec. 210. Entries within passports.
Sec. 211. United States actions with respect to Jerusalem as the 
capital of Israel.
Sec. 212. Availability of unclassified telecommunications facilities.
Sec. 213. Reporting formats.
Sec. 214. Extension of requirement for scholarships for Tibetans and 
Burmese.
Sec. 215. American Institute in Taiwan facilities enhancement.
Sec. 216. Activities related to Cuba.

    TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Sec. 301. Education allowances.
Sec. 302. Official residence expenses.
Sec. 303. Increased limits applicable to post differentials and danger 
pay allowances.
Sec. 304. Home leave.
Sec. 305. Overseas equalization and comparability pay adjustment.
Sec. 306. Fellowship of Hope Program.
Sec. 307. Regulations regarding retirement credit for government 
service performed abroad.
Sec. 308. Promoting assignments to international organizations.
Sec. 309. Suspension of Foreign Service members without pay.
Sec. 310. Death gratuity.
Sec. 311. Clarification of Foreign Service Grievance Board procedures.
Sec. 312. Repeal of recertification requirement for members of the 
Senior Foreign Service.
Sec. 313. Technical amendments to title 5, United States Code, 
provisions on recruitment, relocation, and retention bonuses.
Sec. 314. Limited appointments in the Foreign Service.
Sec. 315. Statement of Congress regarding career development program 
for Senior Foreign Service.
Sec. 316. Sense of Congress regarding additional United States consular 
posts.
Sec. 317. Office of the Culture of Lawfulness.
Sec. 318. Review of human resources policies of the Department of 
State.

                 TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 401. REDI Center.
Sec. 402. Extension of authorization of appropriation for the United 
States Commission on International Religious Freedom.
Sec. 403. Reform of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Sec. 404. Property disposition.

                  TITLE V--INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

Sec. 501. Short title.
Sec. 502. Middle East Broadcasting Networks.
Sec. 503. Improving signal delivery to Cuba.
Sec. 504. Establishing permanent authority for Radio Free Asia.
Sec. 505. Personal services contracting program.
Sec. 506. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands education 
benefits.

                TITLE VI--ADVANCE DEMOCRACY ACT OF 2005

Sec. 601. Short title.
Sec. 602. Findings.
Sec. 603. Statement of policy.
Sec. 604. Definitions.

               Subtitle A--Department of State Activities

Sec. 611. Promotion of democracy in foreign countries.
Sec. 612. Reports.
Sec. 613. Strategies to enhance the promotion of democracy in foreign 
countries.
Sec. 614. Activities by the United States to promote democracy and 
human rights in foreign countries.
Sec. 615. Democracy Promotion and Human Rights Advisory Board.
Sec. 616. Establishment and maintenance of Internet site for global 
democracy and human rights.
Sec. 617. Programs by United States missions in foreign countries and 
activities of chiefs of mission.
Sec. 618. Training for Foreign Service officers.
Sec. 619. Performance pay; promotions; Foreign Service awards.
Sec. 620. Appointments.

         Subtitle B--Alliances with Other Democratic Countries

Sec. 631. Alliances with other democratic countries.
Sec. 632. Sense of Congress regarding the establishment of a Democracy 
Caucus.
Sec. 633. Annual diplomatic missions on multilateral issues.
Sec. 634. Strengthening the Community of Democracies.

             Subtitle C--Funding for Promotion of Democracy

Sec. 641. Policy.
Sec. 642. Human Rights and Democracy Fund.

                    Subtitle D--Presidential Actions

Sec. 651. Investigation of violations of international humanitarian 
law.
Sec. 652. Presidential communications.

TITLE VII--STRATEGIC EXPORT CONTROL AND SECURITY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2005

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 701. Short title.
Sec. 702. Definitions.
Sec. 703. Declaration of policy.

    Subtitle B--Revising and Strengthening Strategic Export Control 
                                Policies

Sec. 711. Amendments to the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956.
Sec. 712. Strategic Export Control Board.
Sec. 713. Authorization for additional license and compliance officers.

           Subtitle C--Procedures Relating to Export Licenses

Sec. 721. Transparency of jurisdictional determinations.
Sec. 722. Certifications relating to export of certain defense articles 
and defense services.
Sec. 723. Priority for United States military operations.
Sec. 724. License officer staffing and workload.
Sec. 725. Database of United States military assistance.
Sec. 726. Training and liaison for small businesses.
Sec. 727. Commercial communications satellite technical data.
Sec. 728. Reporting requirement for unlicensed exports.

    Subtitle D--Terrorist-Related Provisions and Enforcement Matters

Sec. 731. Sensitive technology transfers to foreign persons located 
within the United States.
Sec. 732. Certification concerning exempt weapons transfers along the 
northern border of the United States.
Sec. 733. Comprehensive nature of United States arms embargoes.
Sec. 734. Control of items on Missile Technology Control Regime Annex.
Sec. 735. Unlawful use of United States defense articles.

  Subtitle E--Strengthening United States Missile Nonproliferation Law

Sec. 741. Probationary period for foreign persons.
Sec. 742. Strengthening United States missile proliferation sanctions 
on foreign persons.
Sec. 743. Comprehensive United States missile proliferation sanctions 
on all responsible foreign persons.

         Subtitle F--Security Assistance and Related Provisions

Sec. 751. Authority to transfer naval vessels to certain foreign 
countries.
Sec. 752. Transfer of obsolete and surplus items from Korean War 
Reserves Stockpile and removal or disposal of remaining items.
Sec. 753. Extension of Pakistan waivers.
Sec. 754. Reporting requirement for foreign military training.
Sec. 755. Certain services provided by the United States in connection 
with foreign military sales.
Sec. 756. Maritime interdiction patrol boats for Mozambique.
Sec. 757. Reimbursement for international military education and 
training.

            TITLE VIII--NUCLEAR BLACK MARKET ELIMINATION ACT

Sec. 801. Short title.

      Subtitle A--Sanctions for Transfers of Nuclear Enrichment, 
Reprocessing, and Weapons Technology, Equipment and Materials Involving 
                     Foreign Persons and Terrorists

Sec. 811. Authority to impose sanctions on foreign persons.
Sec. 812. Presidential notification on activities of foreign persons.

   Subtitle B--Further Actions Against Corporations Associated With 
                       Sanctioned Foreign Persons

Sec. 821. Findings.
Sec. 822. Campaign by United States Government officials.
Sec. 823. Coordination.
Sec. 824. Report.

   Subtitle C--Incentives for Proliferation Interdiction Cooperation

Sec. 831. Authority to provide assistance to cooperative countries.
Sec. 832. Types of assistance.
Sec. 833. Congressional notification.
Sec. 834. Limitation.
Sec. 835. Use of assistance.
Sec. 836. Limitation on ship or aircraft transfers to uncooperative 
countries.

         Subtitle D--Rollback of Nuclear Proliferation Networks

Sec. 841. Nonproliferation as a condition of United States assistance.
Sec. 842. Report on identification of nuclear proliferation network 
host countries.
Sec. 843. Suspension of arms sales licenses and deliveries to nuclear 
proliferation network host countries.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

Sec. 851. Definitions.

                TITLE IX--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS

   Subtitle A--Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and Related Provisions

        Chapter 1--Part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961

Sec. 901. Assistance to establish centers for the treatment of 
obstetric fistula in developing countries.
Sec. 902. Support for small and medium enterprises in sub-Saharan 
Africa.
Sec. 903. Assistance to support democracy in Zimbabwe.
Sec. 904. Restrictions on United States voluntary contributions to the 
United Nations Development Program.
Sec. 905. Assistance for the Office of the Police Ombudsman for 
Northern Ireland.
Sec. 906. Report on foreign law enforcement training and assistance.
Sec. 907. Assistance for disaster mitigation efforts.
Sec. 908. Assistance to promote democracy in Belarus.
Sec. 909. Assistance for maternal and prenatal care for certain 
individuals of Belarus and Ukraine involved in the cleanup of the 
Chornobyl disaster.
Sec. 910. Assistance to address non-infectious diseases in foreign 
countries.

        Chapter 2--Part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961

Sec. 921. Economic support fund assistance for Egypt.
Sec. 922. Inter-Arab Democratic Charter.
Sec. 923. Middle East Partnership Initiative.
Sec. 924. West Bank and Gaza Program.
Sec. 925. Economic Support Fund assistance for Venezuela.

       Chapter 3--Part III of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961

Sec. 931. Support for pro-democracy and human rights organizations in 
certain countries.
Sec. 932. Limitation on assistance to the Palestinian Authority.
Sec. 933. Assistance for law enforcement forces.

                  Subtitle B--Other Provisions of Law

Sec. 941. Amendments to the Afghanistan Freedom Support Act of 2002.
Sec. 942. Amendments to the Tibetan Policy Act of 2002.
Sec. 943. Amendments to the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986.
Sec. 944. Assistance for demobilization and disarmament of former 
irregular combatants in Colombia.
Sec. 945. Support for famine relief in Ethiopia.
Sec. 946. Assistance to promote democracy and human rights in Vietnam.

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 951. Report on United States weapons transfers, sales, and 
licensing to Haiti.
Sec. 952. Sense of Congress regarding assistance for regional health 
education and training programs.
Sec. 953. Sense of Congress regarding assistance for regional health 
care delivery.
Sec. 954. Sense of Congress regarding elimination of extreme poverty in 
developing countries.
Sec. 955. Sense of Congress regarding United States foreign assistance.

                    TITLE X--REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 1001. Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative.
Sec. 1002. Annual Patterns of Global Terrorism Report.
Sec. 1003. Dual gateway policy of the Government of Ireland.
Sec. 1004. Stabilization in Haiti.
Sec. 1005. Verification reports to Congress.
Sec. 1006. Protection of refugees from North Korea.
Sec. 1007. Acquisition and major security upgrades.
Sec. 1008. Services for children with autism at overseas missions.
Sec. 1009. Incidence and prevalence of autism worldwide.
Sec. 1010. Internet jamming.
Sec. 1011. Department of State employment composition.
Sec. 1012. Incitement to acts of discrimination.
Sec. 1013. Child marriage.
Sec. 1014. Magen David Adom Society.
Sec. 1015. Developments in and policy toward Indonesia.
Sec. 1016. Murders of United States citizens John Branchizio, Mark 
Parson, and John Marin Linde.
Sec. 1017. Diplomatic relations with Israel.
Sec. 1018. Tax enforcement in Colombia.
Sec. 1019. Provision of consular and visa services in Pristina, Kosova.
Sec. 1020. Democracy in Pakistan.
Sec. 1021. Status of the sovereignty of Lebanon.
Sec. 1022. Activities of international terrorist organizations in Latin 
America and the Caribbean.
Sec. 1023. Analysis of employing weapons scientists from the former 
Soviet Union in Project Bioshield.
Sec. 1024. Extradition of violent criminals from Mexico to the United 
States.
Sec. 1025. Actions of the 661 Committee.
Sec. 1026. Elimination of report on real estate transactions.

                   TITLE XI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Statement of policy relating to democracy in Iran.
Sec. 1102. Iranian nuclear activities.
Sec. 1103. Location of international institutions in Africa.
Sec. 1104. Benjamin Gilman International Scholarship program.
Sec. 1105. Prohibition on commemorations relating to leaders of 
Imperial Japan.
Sec. 1106. United States policy regarding World Bank Group loans to 
Iran.
Sec. 1107. Statement of policy regarding support for SECI Regional 
Center for Combating Trans-Border Crime.
Sec. 1108. Statement of policy urging Turkey to respect the rights and 
religious freedoms of the Ecumenical Patriarch.
Sec. 1109. Statement of policy regarding the murder of United States 
citizen John M. Alvis.
Sec. 1110. Statement of Congress and policy with respect to the 
disenfranchisement of women.

                Subtitle B--Sense of Congress Provisions

Sec. 1111. Korean Fulbright programs.
Sec. 1112. United States relations with Taiwan.
Sec. 1113. Nuclear proliferation and A. Q. Khan.
Sec. 1114. Palestinian textbooks.
Sec. 1115. International convention affirming the human rights and 
dignity of persons with disabilities.
Sec. 1116. Fulbright Scholarships for East Asia and the Pacific.
Sec. 1117. Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan energy pipeline.
Sec. 1118. Legislation requiring the fair, comprehensive, and 
nondiscriminatory restitution of private property confiscated in 
Poland.
Sec. 1119. Child labor practices in the cocoa sectors of Cote d'Ivoire 
and Ghana.
Sec. 1120. Contributions of Iraqi Kurds.
Sec. 1121. Proliferation Security Initiative.
Sec. 1122. Security of nuclear weapons and materials.
Sec. 1123. International Criminal Court and genocide in Darfur, Sudan.
Sec. 1124. Action against al-Manar television.
Sec. 1125. Stability and security in Iraq.
Sec. 1126. Property expropriated by the Government of Ethiopia.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--Except as 
        otherwise provided, the term ``appropriate congressional 
        committees'' means the Committee on International Relations of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate.
            (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of State.
            (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of State.

               TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 101. ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of State under ``Administration of Foreign Affairs'' to 
carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in 
the conduct of foreign affairs of the United States and for other 
purposes authorized by law:
            (1) Diplomatic and consular programs.--
                    (A) Authorization of appropriations.--For 
                ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'', $3,769,118,000 
                for fiscal year 2006 and $3,896,611,500 for fiscal year 
                2007.
                    (B) Worldwide security upgrades.--In addition to 
                amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
                subparagraph (A), $689,523,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
                $710,208,690 for fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be 
                appropriated for worldwide security upgrades.
                    (C) Public diplomacy.--Of the amounts authorized to 
                be appropriated under subparagraph (A), $333,863,000 
                for fiscal year 2006 and $343,699,000 for fiscal year 
                2007 are authorized to be appropriated for public 
                diplomacy.
                    (D) Bureau of democracy, human rights, and labor.--
                Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
                subparagraph (A), $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
                $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be 
                appropriated for salaries and expenses of the Bureau of 
                Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
                    (E) Anti-semitism.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated under subparagraph (A), $225,000 for 
                fiscal year 2006 and $225,000 for fiscal year 2007 are 
                authorized to be appropriated for necessary expenses to 
                fund secondments, hiring of staff, and support targeted 
                projects of the Office of Democratic Institutions and 
                Human Rights (ODIHR) of the Organization for Security 
                and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) regarding anti-
                Semitism and intolerance and for the OSCE/ODIHR Law 
                Enforcement Officers Hate Crimes Training Program.
                    (F) Religious freedom.--
                            (i) In general.--Of the amounts authorized 
                        to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                        $205,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $205,000 for 
                        fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be 
                        appropriated for necessary expenses to fund 
                        activities of the Organization for Security and 
                        Cooperation in Europe relating to freedom of 
                        religion and belief.
                            (ii) OSCE projects, activities, and 
                        missions.--
                                    (I) Projects and activities.--Of 
                                the amounts authorized to be 
                                appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                                $125,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
                                $125,000 for fiscal year 2007 are 
                                authorized to be appropriated for 
                                necessary expenses to fund for 
                                secondments, hiring of staff, and 
                                support targeted projects of the Office 
                                of Democratic Institutions and Human 
                                Rights (ODIHR) of the Organization for 
                                Security and Cooperation in Europe 
                                (OSCE) regarding religious freedom and 
                                for the OSCE/ODIHR Panel of Experts on 
                                Freedom of Religion or Belief.
                                    (II) Missions.--Of the amounts 
                                authorized to be appropriated under 
                                subparagraph (A), $80,000 for fiscal 
                                year 2006 and $80,000 for fiscal year 
                                2007 are authorized to be appropriated 
                                for OSCE Missions in Armenia, 
                                Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, 
                                Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan 
                                and Uzbekistan for activities to 
                                address issues relating to religious 
                                freedom and belief and to fund the 
                                hiring of new staff who are dedicated 
                                to religious freedom and belief.
                    (G) Charles b. rangel international affairs 
                program.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
                under subparagraph (A), $1,500,000 for fiscal year 2006 
                and $1,500,000 for fiscal year 2007 are authorized to 
                be appropriated for the Charles B. Rangel International 
                Affairs Program at Howard University.
                    (H) Minority recruitment.--Of the amounts 
                authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                $3,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $3,000,000 for 
                fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be appropriated for 
                the recruitment of members of minority groups for 
                careers in the Foreign Service and international 
                affairs.
            (2) Capital investment fund.--For ``Capital Investment 
        Fund'', $131,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $131,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2007.
            (3) Embassy security, construction and maintenance.--For 
        ``Embassy Security, Construction and Maintenance'', 
        $1,526,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $1,550,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2007.
            (4) Educational and cultural exchange programs.--
                    (A) Authorization of appropriations.--For 
                ``Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs'', 
                $428,900,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $438,500,000 for 
                fiscal year 2007.
                    (B) Summer institutes for korean student leaders.--
                Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
                subparagraph (A), $750,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
                $750,000 for fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be 
                appropriated for summer academic study programs in the 
                United States (focusing on United States political 
                systems, government institutions, society, and 
                democratic culture) for college and university students 
                from the Republic of Korea, to be known as the ``United 
                States Summer Institutes for Korean Student Leaders''.
                    (C) Sudanese scholarships.--Of the amounts 
                authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                $500,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $500,000 for fiscal 
                year 2007 are authorized to be appropriated for 
                scholarships for students from southern Sudan for 
                secondary or postsecondary education in the United 
                States, to be known as ``Sudanese Scholarships''.
                    (D) Scholarships for indigenous peoples of mexico 
                and central and south america.-- Of the amounts 
                authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                $250,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $250,000 for fiscal 
                year 2007 are authorized to be appropriated for 
                scholarships for secondary and postsecondary education 
                in the United States for students from Mexico and the 
                countries of Central and South America who are 
                descended from the indigenous peoples of Mexico or such 
                countries.
                    (E) South pacific exchanges.--Of the amounts 
                authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                $650,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $650,000 for fiscal 
                year 2007 are authorized to be appropriated for South 
                Pacific Exchanges.
                    (F) Tibetan scholarship program.--Of the amounts 
                authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), 
                $750,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $800,000 for fiscal 
                year 2007 are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
                out the Tibetan scholarship program established under 
                section 103(b)(1) of the Human Rights, Refugee, and 
                Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (Public 
                Law 104-319; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note).
                    (G) Ngawang choepel exchange programs.--Of the 
                amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
                subparagraph (A), $500,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
                $500,000 for fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be 
                appropriated for the ``Ngawang Choepel Exchange 
                Programs'' (formerly known as ``programs of educational 
                and cultural exchange between the United States and the 
                people of Tibet'') under section 103(a) of the Human 
                Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions 
                Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note).
                    (H) HIV/AIDS initiative.--Of the amounts authorized 
                to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), $1,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2006 and $1,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2007 are authorized to be appropriated for HIV/AIDS 
                research and mitigation strategies.
                    (I) Project children and cooperation with 
                ireland.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
                under subparagraph (A), $500,000 for fiscal year 2006 
                and $500,000 for fiscal year 2007 are authorized to be 
                appropriated for people-to-people activities (with a 
                focus on young people) to support the Northern Ireland 
                peace process involving Catholic and Protestant 
                participants from the Republic of Ireland, the United 
                Kingdom, and the United States, to be known as 
                ``Project Children''.
            (5) Representation allowances.--For ``Representation 
        Allowances'', $8,281,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $8,281,000 
        for fiscal year 2007.
            (6) Protection of foreign missions and officials.--For 
        ``Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials'', $9,390,000 
        for fiscal year 2006 and $9,390,000 for fiscal year 2007.
            (7) Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service.--
        For ``Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service'', 
        $12,143,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $12,143,000 for fiscal 
        year 2007.
            (8) Repatriation loans.--For ``Repatriation Loans'', 
        $1,319,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $1,319,000 for fiscal year 
        2007.
            (9) Payment to the american institute in taiwan.--For 
        ``Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan'', $19,751,000 
        for fiscal year 2006 and $20,146,020 for fiscal year 2007.
            (10) Office of the inspector general.--For ``Office of the 
        Inspector General'', $29,983,000 for fiscal year 2006, and 
        $29,983,000 for fiscal year 2007.

SEC. 102. CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Assessed Contributions to International Organizations.--There 
are authorized to be appropriated for ``Contributions to International 
Organizations'', $1,296,500,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $1,322,430,000 
for fiscal year 2007, for the Department of State to carry out the 
authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of 
the foreign affairs of the United States with respect to international 
organizations and to carry out other authorities in law consistent with 
such purposes.
    (b) Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities.--There 
are authorized to be appropriated for ``Contributions for International 
Peacekeeping Activities'', $1,035,500,000 for fiscal year 2006 and such 
sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2007, for the Department of 
State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and 
responsibilities of the United States with respect to international 
peacekeeping activities and to carry out other authorities in law 
consistent with such purposes. Amounts appropriated pursuant to this 
subsection are authorized to remain available until expended.
    (c) Foreign Currency Exchange Rates.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a), 
        there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
        necessary for each of fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to offset 
        adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
            (2) Availability of funds.--Amounts appropriated under this 
        subsection shall remain available for obligation and 
        expenditure only to the extent that the Director of the Office 
        of Management and Budget determines and certifies to Congress 
        that such amounts are necessary due to such fluctuations.

SEC. 103. INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated under 
``International Commissions'' for the Department of State to carry out 
the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct 
of the foreign affairs of the United States and for other purposes 
authorized by law:
            (1) International boundary and water commission, united 
        states and mexico.--For ``International Boundary and Water 
        Commission, United States and Mexico''--
                    (A) for ``Salaries and Expenses'', $28,200,000 for 
                fiscal year 2006 and $28,200,000 for fiscal year 2007; 
                and
                    (B) for ``Construction'', $6,100,000 for fiscal 
                year 2006 and $6,100,000 for fiscal year 2007.
            (2) International boundary commission, united states and 
        canada.--For ``International Boundary Commission, United States 
        and Canada'', $1,429,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $1,429,000 
        for fiscal year 2007.
            (3) International joint commission.--For ``International 
        Joint Commission'', $6,320,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
        $6,320,000 for fiscal year 2007.
            (4) International fisheries commissions.--For 
        ``International Fisheries Commissions'', $25,123,000 for fiscal 
        year 2006 and $25,123,000 for fiscal year 2007.

SEC. 104. MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of State for ``Migration and Refugee Assistance'' for 
authorized activities, $955,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
$983,650,000 for fiscal year 2007.
    (b) Refugees Resettling in Israel.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated under subsection (a), there are authorized to be 
appropriated $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $40,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2007 for resettlement of refugees in Israel.
    (c) Pilot Program for Long-Term Refugee Populations.--
            (1) Pilot program.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under subsection (a), there are authorized to be 
        appropriated $2,500,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $2,500,000 for 
        fiscal year 2007 for the establishment and implementation of a 
        two-year pilot program to improve conditions for long-term 
        refugee populations that are currently assisted in camps or 
        other segregated settlements.
            (2) Requirements.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of State shall--
                    (A) seek to protect and ensure basic rights granted 
                to refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the 
                Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Relating to 
                the Status of Refugees;
                    (B) seek innovative modules or methods to assist 
                long-term refugee populations both within and outside 
                traditional camp settings, as appropriate, that support 
                refugees living or working in local communities, such 
                as integration of refugees into local schools and 
                services, resource conservation and livelihood projects 
                designed to diminish conflict between refugee hosting 
                communities and refugees, and engagement of civil 
                society components of refugee hosting communities in a 
                policy dialogue with the United Nations High 
                Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and international and 
                nongovernmental refugee assistance organizations to 
                enhance options to assist refugees and promote the 
                rights to which refugees may be entitled under the 1951 
                Convention and 1967 Protocol;
                    (C) provide a United States voluntary contribution 
                to UNHCR to conduct the pilot program in cooperation 
                with nongovernmental organizations with expertise in 
                the protection of refugee rights, one or more major 
                operational humanitarian assistance agencies, and in 
                consultation with host countries, the United States, 
                and other donor countries; and
                    (D) urge UNHCR to select not less than three host 
                countries in which to conduct the pilot program.
            (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date on 
        which the first pilot program is established pursuant to 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the implementation of this 
        subsection, the development of innovative models to protect and 
        assist refugees, and recommendations for ensuring refugee 
        rights are respected in countries of temporary asylum.

SEC. 105. CENTERS AND FOUNDATIONS.

    (a) Asia Foundation.--There are authorized to be appropriated for 
``The Asia Foundation'' for authorized activities, $18,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2006 and $18,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
    (b) National Endowment for Democracy.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated for the ``National Endowment for Democracy'' for 
authorized activities, $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $80,000,000 
for fiscal year 2007.
    (c) Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and 
West.--There are authorized to be appropriated for the ``Center for 
Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West'' for 
authorized activities, $13,024,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $13,024,000 
for fiscal year 2007.

SEC. 106. UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out United States Government international broadcasting activities 
under the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 
1948, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, the Television Broadcasting 
to Cuba Act, the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994, 
and the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, and to 
carry out other authorities in law consistent with such purposes:
            (1) International broadcasting operations.--For 
        ``International Broadcasting Operations'', $603,394,000 for 
        fiscal year 2006 and $621,495,820 for fiscal year 2007. Of the 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated under under this 
        paragraph, $5,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated for 
        fiscal year 2006 and $5,000,000 is authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2007 for increased broadcasting to 
        Belarus.
            (2) Broadcasting capital improvements.--For ``Broadcasting 
        Capital Improvements'', $10,893,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
        $10,893,000 for fiscal year 2007.
            (3) Broadcasting to cuba.--For ``Broadcasting to Cuba'', 
        $37,656,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $29,931,000 for fiscal 
        year 2007, to remain available until expended, for necessary 
        expenses to enable the Broadcasting Board of Governors to carry 
        out broadcasting to Cuba, including the purchase, rent, 
        construction, and improvement of facilities for radio and 
        television transmission and reception, and the purchase, lease, 
        and installation of necessary equipment, including aircraft, 
        for radio and television transmission and reception.
            (4) Radio free asia.--In addition to such amounts as are 
        otherwise authorized to be appropriated for the Broadcasting 
        Board of Governors, there are authorized to be appropriated 
        $9,100,000 for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to overcome the 
        jamming of Radio Free Asia by Vietnam.

        TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

SEC. 201. CONSOLIDATION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT POWERS; NEW CRIMINAL 
                    OFFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 203 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 3064. Powers of special agents in the Department of State and 
                    the Foreign Service

    ``Whoever knowingly and willfully obstructs, resists, or interferes 
with a Federal law enforcement agent engaged in the performance of the 
protective functions authorized by section 37 of the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956 or by section 103 of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 shall be fined under 
this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.''.
    (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 203 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new item:

``3064. Powers of special agents in the Department of State and the 
Foreign Service.''.

SEC. 202. INTERNATIONAL LITIGATION FUND.

    Section 38(d)(3) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2710(d)(3)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``as a result of a decision of an 
        international tribunal,'' after ``received by the Department of 
        State''; and
            (2) by inserting a comma after ``United States 
        Government''.

SEC. 203. RETENTION OF MEDICAL REIMBURSEMENTS.

    Section 904 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4084) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Reimbursements paid to the Department of State for funding 
the costs of medical care abroad for employees and eligible family 
members shall be credited to the currently available applicable 
appropriation account. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, such 
reimbursements shall be available for obligation and expenditure during 
the fiscal year in which they are received or for such longer period of 
time as may be provided in law.''.

SEC. 204. BUYING POWER MAINTENANCE ACCOUNT.

    Section 24(b)(7) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 
1956 (22 U.S.C. 2696(b)(7)) is amended by striking subparagraph (D).

SEC. 205. AUTHORITY TO ADMINISTRATIVELY AMEND SURCHARGES.

    Beginning in fiscal year 2006 and thereafter, the Secretary of 
State is authorized to amend administratively the amounts of the 
surcharges related to consular services in support of enhanced border 
security (provided for in title IV of division B of the Consolidated 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-447)) that are in addition to 
the passport and immigrant visa fees in effect on January 1, 2004.

SEC. 206. ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARDS.

    Section 301(a) of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4831(a)) 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (2)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (2) and (3)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Facilities in afghanistan and iraq.--
                    ``(A) Limited exemptions from requirement to 
                convene board.--The Secretary of State is not required 
                to convene a Board in the case of an incident that--
                            ``(i) involves serious injury, loss of 
                        life, or significant destruction of property 
                        at, or related to, a United States Government 
                        mission in Afghanistan or Iraq; and
                            ``(ii) occurs during the period beginning 
                        on July 1, 2004, and ending on September 30, 
                        2009.
                    ``(B) Reporting requirements.--In the case of an 
                incident described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall--
                            ``(i) promptly notify the Committee on 
                        International Relations of the House of 
                        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
                        Relations of the Senate of the incident;
                            ``(ii) conduct an inquiry of the incident; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) upon completion of the inquiry 
                        required by clause (ii), submit to each such 
                        Committee a report on the findings and 
                        recommendations related to such inquiry and the 
                        actions taken with respect to such 
                        recommendations.''.

SEC. 207. DESIGNATION OF COLIN L. POWELL RESIDENTIAL PLAZA.

    (a) Designation.--The Federal building in Kingston, Jamaica, 
formerly known as the Crowne Plaza and currently a staff housing 
facility for the Embassy of the United States in Jamaica, shall be 
known and designated as the ``Colin L. Powell Residential Plaza''.
    (b) References.--Any reference in a law, map, regulation, document, 
paper, or other record of the United States to the Federal building 
referred to in subsection (a) shall be deemed to be a reference to the 
``Colin L. Powell Residential Plaza''.

SEC. 208. REMOVAL OF CONTRACTING PROHIBITION.

    Section 406(c) of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism 
Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-399) (relating to the ineligibility of 
persons doing business with Libya to be awarded a contract) is 
repealed.

SEC. 209. TRANSLATION OF REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) Translation.--Not later than 30 days after the date of issuance 
of each of the reports listed in subsection (c), the appropriate United 
States mission in a foreign country shall translate into the official 
languages of such country the respective country report from each of 
such reports.
    (b) Posting on Website.--Not later than five days after each of the 
translations required under subsection (a) are completed, the 
appropriate United States mission shall post each of such translations 
on the website of the United States Embassy (or other appropriate 
United States mission) for such country.
    (c) Reports.--The reports referred to in subsection (a) are the 
following:
            (1) The Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 
        including the Trafficking in Persons Report, required under 
        sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
        U.S.C. 2151n and 2304).
            (2) The Annual Report on International Religious Freedom, 
        required under section 102b of the International Religious 
        Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6412).

SEC. 210. ENTRIES WITHIN PASSPORTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The power of the executive branch to issue passports or 
        other travel documents to United States citizens is derived 
        solely from law.
            (2) The Secretary of State has caused entries to be made in 
        passports of United States citizens who were born in Jerusalem, 
        Israel, that are inconsistent with the usual practice of 
        entering the name of a country and not a city as a place of 
        birth.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that United 
States citizens who have passports should not be required to carry 
passports which inaccurately or inconsistently represent their personal 
details.
    (c) Authority.--This section is passed in exercise of the power of 
Congress, pursuant to Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution of the 
United States ``To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper 
for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers 
vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or 
in any Department or Officer thereof.''.
    (d) Requirement That Accurate Entries Be Made on Request of 
Citizen.--The first section of ``An Act to regulate the issue and 
validity of passports, and for other purposes'', approved July 3, 1926, 
(22 U.S.C. 211a; 44 Stat. 887), is amended by inserting after the first 
sentence the following new sentence: ``For purposes of the issuance of 
a passport to a United States citizen born in the city of Jerusalem, 
the Secretary shall, upon the request of the citizen or the citizen's 
legal guardian, record the place of birth as Israel.''.

SEC. 211. UNITED STATES ACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO JERUSALEM AS THE 
                    CAPITAL OF ISRAEL.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds for Consulate in Jerusalem.--None of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be expended for 
the operation of a United States consulate or diplomatic facility in 
Jerusalem unless such consulate or diplomatic facility is under the 
supervision of the United States Ambassador to Israel.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds for Publications.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be available for the 
publication of any official United States Government document that 
lists countries and their capital cities unless such publication 
identifies Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel.

SEC. 212. AVAILABILITY OF UNCLASSIFIED TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES.

    The Secretary of State shall make available to the appropriate 
congressional committees the use of unclassified telecommunications 
facilities of the Department of State that are located in an embassy, 
consulate, or other facility of the United States in a foreign country 
to allow such committees to receive testimony or other communication 
from an individual in any such country.

SEC. 213. REPORTING FORMATS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of State shall, with respect to a 
report that the Secretary is required to submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees, submit each such report on suitable media in 
machine-readable format, including in plain text and in hypertext mark-
up language (commonly referred to as ``HTML''), in addition to 
submission in written format.
    (b) Effective Date.--The requirement specified under subsection (a) 
shall apply beginning with the first report that the Secretary is 
required to submit to the appropriate congressional committees after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 214. EXTENSION OF REQUIREMENT FOR SCHOLARSHIPS FOR TIBETANS AND 
                    BURMESE.

     Section 103(b)(1) of the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign 
Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319; 22 U.S.C. 2151 
note) is amended by striking ``for the fiscal year 2003'' and inserting 
``for each of fiscal years 2006 and 2007''.

SEC. 215. AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN FACILITIES ENHANCEMENT.

    Section 3(a) of the American Institute in Taiwan Facilities 
Enhancement Act (Public Law 106-212) is amended by striking ``the sum 
of $75,000,000'' and inserting ``such sums as may be necessary''.

SEC. 216. ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CUBA.

    (a) Activities.--Of the funds made available for fiscal year 2006 
for the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the Department of 
State, $5,000,000 shall be used for activities related to Cuba under--
            (1) the J. William Fulbright Educational Exchange Program;
            (2) the Hubert Humphrey Fellowship Program;
            (3) the International Visitors Program;
            (4) the Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship 
        Program;
            (5) the EducationUSA Program; and
            (6) professional, cultural, and youth programs operated by 
        the Office of Citizen Exchanges of the Bureau.
    (b) Priority.--The Secretary of State shall give priority to human 
rights dissidents, pro-democracy activists, and independent civil 
society members for participation in the activities described in 
subsection (a).
    (c) Congressional Notification.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall notify the 
appropriate congressional committees on efforts to identify eligible 
participants for activities described in subsection (a). Not later than 
15 days prior to a final determination of eligible participants for 
activities described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall notify the 
appropriate congressional committees of such determination and provide 
a list that contains the names of such eligible participants.

    TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SEC. 301. EDUCATION ALLOWANCES.

    Section 5924(4) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence of subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        ``United States'' after ``nearest'';
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) The travel expenses of dependents of an 
                employee to and from a secondary or post-secondary 
                educational institution, not to exceed one annual trip 
                each way for each dependent, except that an allowance 
                payment under subparagraph (A) may not be made for a 
                dependent during the 12 months following the arrival of 
                the dependent at the selected educational institution 
                under authority contained in this subparagraph.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) Allowances provided pursuant to subparagraphs 
                (A) and (B) may include, at the election of the 
                employee, payment or reimbursement of the costs 
                incurred to store baggage for the employee's dependent 
                at or in the vicinity of the dependent's school during 
                the dependent's annual trip between the school and the 
                employee's duty station, except that such payment or 
                reimbursement may not exceed the cost that the 
                Government would incur to transport the baggage with 
                the dependent in connection with the annual trip, and 
                such payment or reimbursement shall be in lieu of 
                transportation of the baggage.''.

SEC. 302. OFFICIAL RESIDENCE EXPENSES.

    Section 5913 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Funds made available under subsection (b) may be provided in 
advance to persons eligible to receive reimbursements.''.

SEC. 303. INCREASED LIMITS APPLICABLE TO POST DIFFERENTIALS AND DANGER 
                    PAY ALLOWANCES.

    (a) Repeal of Limited-Scope Effective Date for Previous Increase.--
Subsection (c) of section 591 of the Foreign Operations, Export 
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2004 (division D of 
Public Law 108-199) is repealed.
    (b) Post Differentials.--Section 5925(a) of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended in the third sentence by striking ``25 percent of the 
rate of basic pay or, in the case of an employee of the United States 
Agency for International Development,''.
    (c) Danger Pay Allowances.--Section 5928 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``25 percent of the basic pay of the 
employee or 35 percent of the basic pay of the employee in the case of 
an employee of the United States Agency for International Development'' 
both places that it appears and inserting ``35 percent of the basic pay 
of the employee''.
    (d) Criteria.--The Secretary of State shall inform the appropriate 
congressional committees of the criteria to be used in determinations 
of appropriate adjustments in post differentials under section 5925(a) 
of title 5, United States Code, as amended by subsection (b), and 
danger pay allowances under section 5928 of title 5, United States 
Code, as amended by subsection (c).
    (e) Study and Report.--Not later than two years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall conduct a study 
assessing the effect of the increases in post differentials and danger 
pay allowances made by the amendments in subsections (b) and (c), 
respectively, in filling ``hard-to-fill'' positions and shall submit a 
report of such study to the appropriate congressional committees.

SEC. 304. HOME LEAVE.

    Chapter 9 of title I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (relating 
to travel, leave, and other benefits) is amended--
            (1) in section 901(6) (22 U.S.C. 4081(6)), by striking 
        ``unbroken by home leave'' both places that it appears; and
            (2) in section 903(a) (22 U.S.C. 4083), by striking ``18 
        months'' and inserting ``12 months''.

SEC. 305. OVERSEAS EQUALIZATION AND COMPARABILITY PAY ADJUSTMENT.

    (a) Overseas Comparability Pay Adjustment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 4 of the Foreign Service Act of 
        1980 (22 U.S.C. 3961 et seq.) (relating to compensation) is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 415. OVERSEAS COMPARABILITY PAY ADJUSTMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--In accordance with subsection (c), a member of 
the Service who is designated class 1 or below and who does not have as 
an official duty station a location in the continental United States or 
in a non-foreign area shall receive locality-based comparability 
payments under section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, that would 
be paid to such member if such member's official duty station would 
have been Washington, D.C.
    ``(b) Treatment as Basic Pay.--The locality-based comparability 
payment described in subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) be considered to be part of the basic pay of a member 
        in accordance with section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, 
        for the same purposes for which comparability payments are 
        considered to be part of basic pay under such section; and
            ``(2) be subject to any applicable pay limitations.
    ``(c) Phase-in.--The comparability pay adjustment described under 
this section shall be paid to a member described in subsection (a) in 
three phases, as follows:
            ``(1) In fiscal year 2006, 33.33 percent of the amount of 
        such adjustment to which such member is entitled.
            ``(2) In fiscal year 2007, 66.66 percent of the amount of 
        such adjustment to which such member is entitled.
            ``(3) In fiscal year 2008 and subsequent fiscal years, 
        100.00 percent of the amount of such adjustment to which such 
        member is entitled.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The table of sections in section 
        2 of such Act is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 414 the following new item:

``Sec. 415. Overseas comparability pay adjustment.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments Relating to the Retirement and Disability 
System of the Foreign Service.--
            (1) Contributions to the fund.--Section 805(a) of the 
        Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4045(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                        ``7.25 percent'' and inserting ``7.00 
                        percent''; and
                            (ii) in the second sentence, by striking 
                        ``The contribution by the employing agency'' 
                        through ``and shall be made'' and inserting 
                        ``An equal amount shall be contributed by the 
                        employing agency'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``, 
                        plus an amount equal to .25 percent of basic 
                        pay''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), in the first 
                        sentence, by striking ``, plus an amount equal 
                        to .25 percent of basic pay''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, plus .25 
                percent''.
            (2) Computation of annuities.--Section 806(a)(9) of such 
        Act (22 U.S.C. 4046(a)(9)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``is outside'' and inserting ``was 
                outside''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``continental United 
                States'' the following: ``for any period of time from 
                December 29, 2002, to the first day of the first full 
                pay period beginning after the date of applicability of 
                the overseas comparability pay adjustment under section 
                415'';
            (3) Entitlement to annuity.--Section 855(a)(3) of such Act 
        (22 U.S.C. 4071d(a)(3)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``is outside'' and inserting ``was 
                outside''; and
                    (B) by inserting after ``continental United 
                States'' the following: ``for any period of time from 
                December 29, 2002, to the first day of the first full 
                pay period beginning after the date of applicability of 
                the overseas comparability pay adjustment under section 
                415''.
            (4) Deductions and withholdings from pay.--Section 
        856(a)(2) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 4071e(a)(2)) is amended to 
        read as follows:
    ``(2) The applicable percentage under this subsection shall be as 
follows:




Percentage                          Time Period
  7.5.............................  Before January 1, 1999.
  7.75............................  January 1, 1999, to December 31,
                                     1999.
  7.9.............................  January 1, 2000, to December 31,
                                     2000.
  7.55............................  January 11, 2003, to September 30,
                                     2004.
  7.5.............................  After September 30, 2004.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply beginning on 
the first day of the first full pay period beginning after such date.

SEC. 306. FELLOWSHIP OF HOPE PROGRAM.

    (a) Fellowship Authorized.--Chapter 5 of title I of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3981 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new section:

``SEC. 506. FELLOWSHIP OF HOPE PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary is authorized to establish a 
program to be known as the `Fellowship of Hope Program'. Under the 
Program, the Secretary may assign a member of the Service, for not more 
than one year, to a position with any designated country or designated 
entity that permits an employee of such country or entity to be 
assigned to a position with the Department.
    ``(b) Salary and Benefits.--The salary and benefits of a member of 
the Service shall be paid as described in subsection (b) of section 503 
during a period in which such member is participating in the Fellowship 
of Hope Program. The salary and benefits of an employee of a designated 
country or designated entity participating in the Program shall be paid 
by such country or entity during the period in which such employee is 
participating in the Program.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `designated country' means a member country 
        of--
                    ``(A) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; or
                    ``(B) the European Union.
            ``(2) The term `designated entity' means--
                    ``(A) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; or
                    ``(B) the European Union.
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to--
            ``(1) authorize the appointment as an officer or employee 
        of the United States of--
                    ``(A) an individual whose allegiance is to any 
                country, government, or foreign or international entity 
                other than to the United States; or
                    ``(B) an individual who has not met the 
                requirements of sections 3331, 3332, 3333, and 7311 of 
                title 5, United States Code, and any other provision of 
                law concerning eligibility for appointment as, and 
                continuation of employment as, an officer or employee 
                of the United States; or
            ``(2) authorize the Secretary to assign a member of the 
        Service to a position with any foreign country whose law, or to 
        any foreign or international entity whose rules, require such 
        member to give allegiance or loyalty to such country or entity 
        while assigned to such position.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Such Act is amended--
            (1) in section 503 (22 U.S.C. 3983)--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``and'' and 
                inserting ``Foreign Governments, Or''; and
                    (B) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by inserting ``foreign government,'' after 
                        ``organization,''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, or 
                        with a foreign government under section 506'' 
                        before the semicolon; and
            (2) in section 2, in the table of contents--
                    (A) by striking the item relating to section 503 
                and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 503. Assignments to agencies, international organizations, 
foreign governments, or other bodies.'';
                     and
                    (B) by inserting after the item relating to section 
                505 the following new item:

``Sec. 506. Fellowship of Hope Program.''.

SEC. 307. REGULATIONS REGARDING RETIREMENT CREDIT FOR GOVERNMENT 
                    SERVICE PERFORMED ABROAD.

    Section 321(f) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Year 2003 (5 U.S.C. 8411 note; Public Law 107-228) is amended by 
inserting ``, not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of 
the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007,'' 
after ``regulations''.

SEC. 308. PROMOTING ASSIGNMENTS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Promotions.--Section 603(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(22 U.S.C. 4003) is amended by striking the period at the end and 
inserting the following: ``, and shall consider whether the member of 
the Service has served in a position whose primary responsibility is to 
formulate policy toward or represent the United States at an 
international organization, a multilateral institution, or a broad-
based multilateral negotiation of an international instrument.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect and apply beginning on January 1, 2010.

SEC. 309. SUSPENSION OF FOREIGN SERVICE MEMBERS WITHOUT PAY.

    (a) Suspension.--Section 610 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4010) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c)(1) The Secretary may suspend a member of the Service without 
pay when there is reasonable cause to believe that the member has 
committed a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment may be imposed 
and there is a connection between the conduct and the efficiency of the 
Foreign Service.
    ``(2) Any member of the Service for whom a suspension is proposed 
shall be entitled to--
            ``(A) written notice stating the specific reasons for the 
        proposed suspension;
            ``(B) a reasonable time to respond orally and in writing to 
        the proposed suspension;
            ``(C) representation by an attorney or other 
        representative; and
            ``(D) a final written decision, including the specific 
        reasons for such decision, as soon as practicable.
    ``(3) Any member suspended under this section may file a grievance 
in accordance with the procedures applicable to grievances under 
chapter 11 of this title.
    ``(4) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `reasonable time' means--
                    ``(i) with respect to a member of the Service 
                assigned to duty in the United States, 15 days after 
                receiving notice of the proposed suspension; and
                    ``(ii) with respect to a member of the Service 
                assigned to duty outside the United States, 30 days 
                after receiving notice of the proposed suspension.
            ``(B) The terms `suspend' and `suspension' mean the placing 
        of a member of the Service in a temporary status without duties 
        and pay.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Amendment of section heading.--Such section, as amended 
        by subsection (a), is further amended in the section heading by 
        inserting ``; Suspension'' before the period at the end.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--Section 2 of such Act is amended, 
        in the table of contents, by striking the item relating to 
        section 610 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 610. Separation for cause; suspension.''.

SEC. 310. DEATH GRATUITY.

    Section 413(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3973(a)) is amended in the first sentence by inserting before the 
period at the end the following: ``or $100,000, whichever is greater''.

SEC. 311. CLARIFICATION OF FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE BOARD PROCEDURES.

    Section 1106(8) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
4136(8)) is amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by inserting ``the involuntary separation of the 
        grievant (other than an involuntary separation for cause under 
        section 610(a)),'' after ``considering''; and
            (2) by striking ``the grievant or'' and inserting ``the 
        grievant, or''.

SEC. 312. REPEAL OF RECERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                    SENIOR FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Section 305(d) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3945(d)) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 313. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 5, UNITED STATES CODE, 
                    PROVISIONS ON RECRUITMENT, RELOCATION, AND 
                    RETENTION BONUSES.

    Title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in section 5753(a)(2)(A), by inserting before the 
        semicolon at the end the following: ``, but does not include 
        members of the Foreign Service other than chiefs of mission and 
        ambassadors-at-large''; and
            (2) in section 5754(a)(2)(A), by inserting before the 
        semicolon at the end the following: ``, but does not include 
        members of the Foreign Service other than chiefs of mission and 
        ambassadors-at-large''.

SEC. 314. LIMITED APPOINTMENTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Section 309 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3949) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsections (b) or (c)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
    ``(3) as a career candidate, if--
            ``(A) continued service is determined appropriate to remedy 
        a matter that would be cognizable as a grievance under chapter 
        11; or
            ``(B) the career candidate is called to military active 
        duty pursuant to the Uniformed Services Employment and 
        Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-353; codified 
        in chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code) and the limited 
        appointment expires in the course of such military active 
        duty;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and'' ; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(6) in exceptional circumstances where the Secretary determines 
the needs of the Service require the extension of a limited 
appointment--
            ``(A) for a period of time not to exceed 12 months, 
        provided such period of time does not permit additional review 
        by the boards under section 306; or
            ``(B) for the minimum time needed to settle a grievance, 
        claim, or complaint not otherwise provided for in this 
        section.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Noncareer specialist employees who have served five 
consecutive years under a limited appointment may be reappointed to a 
subsequent limited appointment provided there is at least a one year 
break in service before such new appointment. This requirement may be 
waived by the Director General in cases of special need.''.

SEC. 315. STATEMENT OF CONGRESS REGARDING CAREER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM 
                    FOR SENIOR FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Congress declares that the recent changes proposed by the 
Department of State to the career development program for members of 
the Senior Foreign Service will help promote well-rounded and effective 
members of the Senior Foreign Service, and should be implemented as 
planned in the coming years. Congress fully supports the proposed 
changes that require that in order to be eligible for promotion into 
the Senior Foreign Service, a member of the Foreign Service must 
demonstrate over the course of the career of such member the following:
            (1) Operational effectiveness, including a breadth of 
        experience in several regions and over several functions.
            (2) Leadership and management effectiveness.
            (3) Sustained professional language proficiency.
            (4) Responsiveness to Service needs.

SEC. 316. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ADDITIONAL UNITED STATES CONSULAR 
                    POSTS.

    It is the sense of Congress that to help advance United States 
economic, political, and public diplomacy interests, the Secretary of 
State should make best efforts to establish United States consulates or 
other appropriate United States diplomatic presence in Pusan, South 
Korea, Hat Yai, Thailand, and an additional location in India in an 
under-served region.

SEC. 317. OFFICE OF THE CULTURE OF LAWFULNESS.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the Bureau for 
International Law Enforcement and Narcotics of the Department of State 
an Office of the Culture of Lawfulness.
    (b) Director and Staff.--The Office shall be headed by a Director 
and staffed by not less than two professional staff.
    (c) Duties.--The Director of the Office shall coordinate and 
increase the effectiveness of existing culture of lawfulness programs 
in the Department that can directly support foreign efforts to develop 
a culture of lawfulness, including--
            (1) seeking coordination between various programs and 
        activities to support international narcotics and other law 
        enforcement, public diplomacy, foreign assistance, and 
        democracy efforts by the personnel of the Department in 
        Washington, D.C., and in United States embassies in foreign 
        countries;
            (2) developing new initiatives to foster a culture of 
        lawfulness through international organizations;
            (3) ensuring that culture of lawfulness education is 
        included in the curricula of all law enforcement and public 
        security academies and training programs that receive 
        assistance from the United States, and in democracy, civic 
        education, and rule of law assistance programs conducted with 
        foreign governments and nongovernmental organizations.
    (d) Report.--Section 489(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2291h(a)) is amended by inserting after paragraph (7) the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(8) In addition, the efforts of the United States to 
        foster the culture of lawfulness in countries around the 
        world.''.

SEC. 318. REVIEW OF HUMAN RESOURCES POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    STATE.

    (a) Bottom-Up Review of Elements of the Department of State.--The 
Secretary of State shall conduct ongoing, thorough reviews of the 
organizational structure and human resource policies of all elements of 
the Department of State to determine those organizational structures 
that are most effectively organized and whether personnel with the 
appropriate skill sets are being hired, trained, and utilized to meet 
national security challenges, including those posed by international 
terrorist threats.
    (b) Emphasis on Diversity.--The review conducted under subsection 
(a) shall include an emphasis on improving the ethnic, racial, 
cultural, and gender diversity of personnel of the Department of State.
    (c) Biennial Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a biennial report on the reviews conducted 
under this section and efforts to improve diversity of the personnel of 
the Department of State.

                 TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

SEC. 401. REDI CENTER.

    The Secretary of State is authorized to provide for the 
participation by the United States in the Regional Emerging Disease 
Intervention (``REDI'') Center in Singapore.

SEC. 402. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION FOR THE UNITED 
                    STATES COMMISSION ON INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS 
                    FREEDOM.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 207 of the International 
Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6435) is amended by striking 
``$3,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003'' and inserting ``$3,300,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2006 through 2011''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended 
by striking ``subparagraph'' and inserting ``subsection''.

SEC. 403. REFORM OF THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY.

    (a) Findings With Respect to the International Atomic Energy 
Agency.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Efforts to prevent the further spread of nuclear 
        weapons capabilities would be enhanced by universal membership 
        in the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
            (2) The enhanced authorities provided by the Additional 
        Protocol to the Safeguards Agreements between the IAEA and 
        Member States of the IAEA are indispensable to the ability of 
        the IAEA to conduct inspections of nuclear facilities to a high 
        degree of confidence.
            (3) The national security interests of the United States 
        would be enhanced by the universal ratification and 
        implementation of the Additional Protocol.
            (4) The national security interests of the United States 
        would be enhanced by the rapid implementation by all Member 
        States of the United Nations of United Nations Security Council 
        Resolution 1540, which prohibits all Member States from 
        providing any form of support to non-state actors that attempt 
        to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer, 
        or use nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons and their means 
        of delivery, and requiring all Member States to adopt and 
        enforce appropriate and effective domestic laws criminalizing 
        such acts.
            (5) The national security interests of the United States 
        require that the IAEA possess sufficient authorities and 
        resources to comprehensively and efficiently carry out its 
        responsibilities for inspections and safeguards of nuclear 
        facilities.
            (6) Regularly assessed contributions of Member States to 
        the regular budget of the IAEA are due in the first quarter of 
        each calendar year.
            (7) Currently, the United States does not pay its regularly 
        assessed contribution to the regular budget of the IAEA until 
        the last quarter of each calendar year.
            (8) This delayed payment results in recurring shortages of 
        funds for the IAEA, thus compromising its ability to conduct 
        safeguards inspections and nuclear security activities.
    (b) Findings With Respect to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.--
Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 
        (21 UST 483) (commonly referred to as the ``Nuclear 
        Nonproliferation Treaty'' or the ``NPT'') is the foundation for 
        international cooperation to prevent the further spread of 
        nuclear weapons capabilities.
            (2) The NPT was conceived, written, and ratified by State 
        Parties as a treaty for the specific purpose of preventing the 
        proliferation of nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices, 
        as stated in the Preamble and first three Articles of the NPT.
            (3) The overriding priority of the NPT is preventing the 
        proliferation of nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices.
            (4) Article IV of the NPT conditions the ``inalienable 
        right to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy 
        for peaceful purposes without discrimination'' on conformity 
        with Articles I and II, which obligate signatories ``not to 
        manufacture of otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other 
        nuclear explosive devices; and not to seek or receive any 
        assistance in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other 
        nuclear explosive devices'';
            (5) Because the processes used for the enrichment of 
        uranium and the reprocessing of plutonium for peaceful purposes 
        are virtually identical to those needed for military purposes 
        and thereby inherently pose an enhanced risk of proliferation, 
        even under strict international inspections, Article IV of the 
        NPT cannot be interpreted to recognize the inalienable right by 
        every country to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium.
            (6) Because the factors needed for the development of 
        nuclear energy for peaceful purposes are virtually identical to 
        those required for the development of nuclear weapons and 
        devices, Article X cannot be interpreted to allow a signatory 
        country to develop a nuclear weapons program based on 
        materials, facilities, and equipment it has acquired through 
        its Article IV cooperation.
    (c) Statement of Congress.--Congress declares that--
            (1) all provisions of the NPT must be interpreted within 
        the context of preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons 
        and nuclear explosive devices;
            (2) Article IV of the NPT, interpreted in conformity with 
        the NPT's purpose, spirit, and freely undertaken obligations by 
        State Parties, does not guarantee every country that is a State 
        Party an inalienable right to enrich uranium or reprocess 
        plutonium; and
            (3) if a State Party chooses to exercise its Article X 
        right of withdrawal from the NPT, such State Party must 
        surrender all of the materials, facilities, and equipment it 
        has acquired through its Article IV cooperation, and no State 
        Party will be recognized as having legally exercised its 
        Article X right of withdrawal from the NPT until it has 
        surrendered all such materials, facilities, and equipment.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Director General of the IAEA should strengthen 
        efforts to secure universal ratification and implementation of 
        the Additional Protocol; and
            (2) the IAEA possesses statutory authority, including under 
        Articles II, III, VIII, IX, XI, and XII of the IAEA Statute, to 
        undertake nuclear security activities.
    (e) Promotion of Additional Protocol and United Nations Security 
Council Resolution 1540.--
            (1) Universal ratification and implementation; full 
        compliance.--The President shall take such steps as the 
        President determines necessary to encourage--
                    (A) rapid universal ratification and implementation 
                by Member States of the IAEA of the Additional Protocol 
                to the Safeguards Agreements between the IAEA and 
                Member States; and
                    (B) full compliance by all foreign countries with 
                United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which 
                calls for the adoption and enforcement by all foreign 
                countries of ``appropriate effective laws which 
                prohibit any non-State actor to manufacture, acquire, 
                possess, develop, transport, transfer or use nuclear, 
                chemical or biological weapons and their means of 
                delivery, in particular for terrorist purposes, as well 
                as attempts to engage in any of the foregoing 
                activities, participate in them as an accomplice, 
                assist or finance them''.
            (2) Suspension of united states non-humanitarian foreign 
        assistance.--The President is authorized to suspend United 
        States non-humanitarian foreign assistance to any country 
        that--
                    (A) has not signed and ratified the Additional 
                Protocol; and
                    (B) has not fully complied with United Nations 
                Security Council Resolution 1540.
            (3) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act and annually 
                thereafter until September 31, 2010, the Secretary of 
                State shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
                committees a report on United States efforts to promote 
                full compliance by all countries with United Nations 
                Security Council Resolution 1540, with particular 
                attention to the following:
                            (i) United States efforts in appropriate 
                        international organizations or fora to 
                        elaborate and implement international standards 
                        for such full compliance.
                            (ii) Steps taken by the United States to 
                        assist other countries to meet their 
                        obligations under United Nations Security 
                        Council Resolution 1540.
                    (B) Submission.--The report required under this 
                paragraph may be submitted together with the report on 
                ``Patterns of Global of Terrorism''.
    (f) Payment at Beginning of Calendar Year.--The Secretary of State 
shall take expeditious action to ensure that the United States 
regularly assessed contribution to the IAEA is made at the beginning of 
each calendar year.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--In addition to amounts 
otherwise authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State under 
this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such 
sums as may be necessary to permit the Secretary to ensure that the 
United States regularly assessed contribution of its annual dues to the 
IAEA is provided to the IAEA at the beginning of each calendar year to 
compensate for the current delayed payment described under subsection 
(b).

SEC. 404. PROPERTY DISPOSITION.

    Section 633(e) of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, 
the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2004 (division 
B of Public Law 108-199; 22 U.S.C. 2078(e)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The United States, through the Department 
        of State, shall retain ownership of the Palazzo Corpi building 
        in Istanbul, Turkey, and the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (2) by striking ``at such location'' and inserting ``at an 
        appropriate location''.

                  TITLE V--INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

SEC. 501. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``International Broadcasting 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007''.

SEC. 502. MIDDLE EAST BROADCASTING NETWORKS.

    (a) Middle East Broadcasting Networks.--The United States 
International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6201 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after section 309 (22 U.S.C. 6208) the following 
new section:

``SEC. 309A. MIDDLE EAST BROADCASTING NETWORKS.

    ``(a) Authority.--Grants authorized under section 305 shall be 
available to make annual grants to the Middle East Broadcasting 
Networks for the purpose of carrying out radio and television 
broadcasting to the Middle East region.
    ``(b) Function.--Middle East Broadcasting Networks shall provide 
radio and television programming consistent with the broadcasting 
standards and broadcasting principles set forth in section 303.
    ``(c) Grant Agreement.--Any grant agreement or grants under this 
section shall be subject to the following limitations and restrictions:
            ``(1) The Board may not make any grant to the non-profit 
        corporation, Middle East Broadcasting Networks, unless its 
        certificate of incorporation provides that--
                    ``(A) The Board of Directors of Middle East 
                Broadcasting Networks shall consist of the members of 
                the Broadcasting Board of Governors established under 
                section 304 and of no other members.
                    ``(B) Such Board of Directors shall make all major 
                policy determinations governing the operation of Middle 
                East Broadcasting Networks, and shall appoint and fix 
                the compensation of such managerial officers and 
                employees of Middle East Broadcasting Networks as it 
                considers necessary to carry out the purposes of the 
                grant provided under this title, except that no officer 
                or employee may be paid basic compensation at a rate in 
                excess of the rate for level II of the Executive 
                Schedule as provided under section 5313 of title 5, 
                United States Code.
            ``(2) Any grant agreement under this section shall require 
        that any contract entered into by Middle East Broadcasting 
        Networks shall specify that all obligations are assumed by 
        Middle East Broadcasting Networks and not by the United States 
        Government.
            ``(3) Any grant agreement shall require that any lease 
        agreement entered into by Middle East Broadcasting Networks 
        shall be, to the maximum extent possible, assignable to the 
        United States Government.
            ``(4) Grants awarded under this section shall be made 
        pursuant to a grant agreement which requires that grant funds 
        be used only for activities consistent with this section, and 
        that failure to comply with such requirements shall permit the 
        grant to be terminated without fiscal obligation to the United 
        States.
            ``(5) Duplication of language services and technical 
        operations between the Middle East Broadcasting Networks 
        (including Radio Sawa), RFE/RL, and the International 
        Broadcasting Bureau will be reduced to the extent appropriate, 
        as determined by the Board.
    ``(d) Not a Federal Agency or Instrumentality.--Nothing in this 
title may be construed to make--
            ``(1) the Middle East Broadcasting Networks a Federal 
        agency or instrumentality; or
            ``(2) the officers or employees of the Middle East 
        Broadcasting Networks officers or employees of the United 
        States Government.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Such Act is further 
amended--
            (1) in section 304(g) (22 U.S.C. 6203(g)), by inserting ``, 
        the Middle East Broadcasting Networks,'' after 
        ``Incorporated'';
            (2) in section 305 (22 U.S.C. 6204)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (5), by striking ``308 and 
                        309'' and inserting ``308, 309, and 309A''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (6), by striking ``308 
                        and 309'' and inserting ``308, 309, and 309A''; 
                        and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``308 and 309'' 
                and inserting ``308, 309, and 309A''; and
            (3) in section 307 (22 U.S.C. 6206)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``308 and 309'' 
                and inserting ``308, 309, and 309A''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c), in the second sentence, by 
                inserting ``the Middle East Broadcasting Networks,'' 
                after ``Asia,''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendment to Title 5.--Section 
8332(b)(11) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``the Middle East Broadcasting Networks;'' after ``Radio Free Asia;''.

SEC. 503. IMPROVING SIGNAL DELIVERY TO CUBA.

    Section 3 of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 1465a; 
Public Law 98-111) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b);
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(c) To effect radio broadcasting to Cuba, the Board is authorized 
to utilize the United States International Broadcasting facilities 
located in Marathon, Florida, and the 1180 AM frequency used at those 
facilities. In addition to the above facilities, the Board may 
simultaneously utilize other governmental and nongovernmental 
broadcasting transmission facilities and other frequencies, including 
the Amplitude Modulation (AM) band, the Frequency Modulation (FM) band, 
and the Shortwave (SW) band. The Board may lease time on commercial or 
noncommercial educational AM band, FM band, and SW band radio 
broadcasting stations to carry a portion of the service programs or to 
rebroadcast service programs.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (d);
            (4) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(e) Any service program of United States Government radio 
broadcasts to Cuba authorized by this section shall be designated 
`Radio Marti program'.'';
            (5) by striking subsection (f); and
            (6) by redesignating subsections (c) and (e) (as amended by 
        this section) as subsections (b) and (c), respectively.

SEC. 504. ESTABLISHING PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR RADIO FREE ASIA.

    Section 309 of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 
1994 (22 U.S.C. 6208) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``, and shall further 
        specify that funds to carry out the activities of Radio Free 
        Asia may not be available after September 30, 2009''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (f).

SEC. 505. PERSONAL SERVICES CONTRACTING PROGRAM.

    Section 504 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
2003 (Public Law 107-228) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking 
        ``pilot'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``pilot'';
                    (B) by striking ``(in this section referred to as 
                the `program')''; and
                    (C) by striking ``producers, and writers'' and 
                inserting ``and other broadcasting specialists'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``60'' and inserting 
        ``100''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 506. COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS EDUCATION 
                    BENEFITS.

    Section 305(a) of the United States International Broadcasting Act 
of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6204(a)) is amended by inserting after paragraph 
(18) the following new paragraph:
            ``(19)(A) To provide for the payment of primary and 
        secondary school expenses for dependents of personnel stationed 
        in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) at a 
        cost not to exceed expenses authorized by the Department of 
        Defense for such schooling for dependents of members of the 
        Armed Forces stationed in the Commonwealth, if the Board 
        determines that schools available in the Commonwealth are 
        unable to provide adequately for the education of the 
        dependents of such personnel.
            ``(B) To provide transportation for dependents of such 
        personnel between their places of residence and those schools 
        for which expenses are provided under subparagraph (A), if the 
        Board determines that such schools are not accessible by public 
        means of transportation.''.

                TITLE VI--ADVANCE DEMOCRACY ACT OF 2005

SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Advance Democratic Values, Address 
Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005'' or the 
``ADVANCE Democracy Act of 2005''.

SEC. 602. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) All human beings are created equal and possess certain 
        rights and freedoms, including the fundamental right to 
        participate in the political life and government of their 
        respective countries. These inalienable rights are recognized 
        in the Declaration of Independence of the United States and in 
        the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United 
        Nations.
            (2) The continued lack of democracy, freedom, and 
        fundamental human rights in some countries is inconsistent with 
        the universal values on which the United States is based and 
        such continued lack of democracy, freedom, and fundamental 
        human rights also poses a national security threat to the 
        United States, its interests, and its friends, as it is in such 
        countries that radicalism, extremism, and terrorism can 
        flourish.
            (3) There is also a correlation between nondemocratic rule 
        and other threats to international peace and security, 
        including threats from war, genocide, famine, poverty, drug 
        trafficking, corruption, refugee flows, human trafficking, 
        religious persecution, environmental degradation, and 
        discrimination against women.
            (4) The transition to democracy must be led from within 
        nondemocratic countries, including by nongovernmental 
        organizations, movements, and individuals, and by nationals of 
        such countries who live abroad. Nevertheless, democratic 
        countries have a number of instruments available for supporting 
        democratic reformers who are committed to promoting effective, 
        nonviolent change in nondemocratic countries.
            (5) United States efforts to promote democracy and protect 
        human rights in countries where they are lacking can be 
        strengthened to improve assistance for such reformers. United 
        States ambassadors and diplomats can play a critical role in 
        such efforts to promote democracy by publicly demonstrating 
        support for democratic principles and supporting democratic 
        reformers. Training and incentives are needed to assist United 
        States officials in strengthening the techniques and skills 
        required to promote democracy.
            (6) A full evaluation of United States funds expended for 
        the support of democracy is also necessary to ensure an 
        efficient and effective use of the resources that are dedicated 
        to these efforts.
            (7) The promotion of democracy requires a broad-based 
        effort with collaboration between all democratic countries, 
        including through the Community of Democracies.
            (8) The promotion of such universal democracy constitutes a 
        long-term challenge that does not always lead to an immediate 
        transition to full democracy, but through a dedicated and 
        integrated approach can achieve universal democracy.

SEC. 603. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

    It shall be the policy of the United States--
            (1) to promote freedom and democracy in foreign countries 
        as a fundamental component of United States foreign policy;
            (2) to affirm fundamental freedoms and human rights in 
        foreign countries and to condemn offenses against those 
        freedoms and rights as a fundamental component of United States 
        foreign policy;
            (3) to use all instruments of United States influence to 
        support, promote, and strengthen democratic principles, 
        practices, and values in foreign countries, including the right 
        to free, fair, and open elections, secret balloting, and 
        universal suffrage;
            (4) to protect and promote fundamental freedoms and rights, 
        including the freedoms of association, of expression, of the 
        press, and of religion, and the right to own private property;
            (5) to protect and promote respect for and adherence to the 
        rule of law in foreign countries;
            (6) to provide appropriate support to organizations, 
        individuals, and movements located in nondemocratic countries 
        that aspire to live in freedom and establish full democracy in 
        such countries;
            (7) to provide, political, economic, and other support to 
        foreign countries that are willingly undertaking a transition 
        to democracy;
            (8) to commit United States foreign policy to the challenge 
        of achieving universal democracy; and
            (9) to strengthen alliances and relationships with other 
        democratic countries in order to better promote and defend 
        shared values and ideals.

SEC. 604. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Annual report on democracy.--The term ``Annual Report 
        on Democracy'' means the Annual Report on Democracy required 
        under section 612(a).
            (2) Community of democracies and community.--The terms 
        ``Community of Democracies'' and ``Community'' mean the 
        association of democratic countries committed to the global 
        promotion of democratic principles, practices, and values, 
        which held its First Ministerial Conference in Warsaw, Poland, 
        in June 2000.
            (3) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means 
        any nongovernmental organization, international organization, 
        multilateral institution, private foundation, corporation, 
        partnership, association, or other entity, organization, or 
        group engaged in (or with plans to engage in) the promotion of 
        democracy and fundamental rights and freedoms in foreign 
        countries categorized as ``democratic transition countries'' or 
        as ``nondemocratic'' in the most recent Annual Report on 
        Democracy.
            (4) Eligible individual.--The term ``eligible individual'' 
        means any individual engaged in, or who intends to engage in, 
        the promotion of democracy and fundamental rights and freedoms 
        in foreign countries categorized as ``democratic transition 
        countries'' or as ``nondemocratic'' in the most recent Annual 
        Report on Democracy.
            (5) Regional democracy hub and hub.--The terms ``Regional 
        Democracy Hub'' and ``Hub'' mean the Regional Democracy Hubs 
        established under section 611(c)(2).
            (6) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of State.
            (7) Under secretary.--The term ``Under Secretary'' means 
        the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs 
        established under section 1(b) of the State Department Basic 
        Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a(b)), as amended by 
        section 611(a)(2) of this Act.

               Subtitle A--Department of State Activities

SEC. 611. PROMOTION OF DEMOCRACY IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

    (a) Codification of Under Secretary of State for Democracy and 
Global Affairs.--Section 1(b) of the State Department Basic Authorities 
Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) Under secretary of state for democracy and global 
        affairs.--There shall be in the Department of State, among the 
        Under Secretaries authorized by paragraph (1), an Under 
        Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, who shall 
        have primary responsibility to assist the Secretary and the 
        Deputy Secretary in the formulation and implementation of 
        United States policies and activities relating to the 
        transition to and development of democracy in nondemocratic 
        countries and to coordinate United States policy on global 
        issues, including issues related to human rights, women's 
        rights, freedom of religion, labor standards and relations, the 
        preservation of the global environment, the status and 
        protection of the oceans, scientific cooperation, narcotics 
        control, law enforcement, population issues, refugees, 
        migration, war crimes, and trafficking in persons. The 
        Secretary may assign such other responsibilities to the Under 
        Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate or necessary. In particular, the Under 
        Secretary shall have the following responsibilities:
                    ``(A) Coordinating with the Under Secretary for 
                Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs and officers and 
                employees from the regional bureaus of the Department 
                of State to promote the transition to democracy in 
                nondemocratic countries and strengthen development of 
                democracy in countries that are in transition to 
                democracy.
                    ``(B) Advising the Secretary regarding any 
                recommendation requested by any official of any other 
                agency that relates to the human rights situation in a 
                foreign country or the effects on human rights or 
                democracy in a foreign country of an agency program of 
                such official.''.
    (b) Additional Duties for Assistant Secretary of State for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.--Section 1(c)(2)(A) of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a(c)(2)) is 
amended by inserting after the first sentence the following new 
sentence: ``The Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human 
Rights, and Labor shall also be responsible for matters relating to the 
transition to and development of democracy in nondemocratic countries, 
including promoting and strengthening the development of democracy in 
foreign countries that are in the early stages of a transition to 
democracy and evaluating the effectiveness of United States programs 
that promote democracy.''.
    (c) Department of State and United States Missions Abroad.--
            (1) Office related to democratic movements and 
        transitions.--
                    (A) Establishment.--There shall be within the 
                Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of the 
                Department of State an office that shall be responsible 
                for working with democratic movements and facilitating 
                the transition of nondemocratic countries and 
                democratic transition countries to full democracy.
                    (B) Purpose.--In addition to any other 
                responsibilities conferred on the office, the office 
                shall promote transitions to full democracy in 
                countries that have been categorized as nondemocratic 
                or as democratic transition countries in the most 
                recent Annual Report on Democracy required under 
                section 612(a).
                    (C) Responsibilities.--The Deputy Assistant 
                Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and 
                Labor described in paragraph (4) and employees of the 
                office shall--
                            (i) develop relations with, consult with, 
                        and provide assistance to nongovernmental 
                        organizations, individuals, and movements that 
                        are committed to the peaceful promotion of 
                        democracy, democratic principles, practices, 
                        and values, and fundamental rights and freedoms 
                        in countries described in subparagraph (B), 
                        including fostering relationships with the 
                        United States Government and the governments of 
                        other democratic countries;
                            (ii) assist officers and employees of 
                        regional bureaus to develop strategies and 
                        programs to promote peaceful change in such 
                        countries;
                            (iii) foster dialogue, to the extent 
                        practicable, between the leaders of such 
                        nongovernmental organizations, individuals, and 
                        movements and the officials of such countries;
                            (iv) create narratives and histories 
                        required under section 616 for the Internet 
                        site for global democracy and human rights and 
                        assist in the preparation of the report 
                        required under section 612; and
                            (v) facilitate, in coordination with public 
                        affairs officers and offices of the Department 
                        of State responsible for public diplomacy 
                        programs in such countries, debates and 
                        discussions, including among young people in 
                        other countries, regarding the values and 
                        benefits of democracy and human rights at 
                        academic institutions in such countries.
            (2) Regional democracy hubs at united states missions 
        abroad.--
                    (A) Pilot program.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        establish at least one Regional Democracy Hub 
                        at one United States mission in two of the 
                        following geographic regions:
                                    (I) The Western Hemisphere.
                                    (II) Europe.
                                    (III) South Asia.
                                    (IV) The Near East.
                                    (V) East Asia and the Pacific.
                                    (VI) Africa.
                            (ii) Director.--Each Regional Democracy Hub 
                        shall be headed by a Director. The Director and 
                        the associated staff shall be selected by the 
                        Secretary of State in consultation with the 
                        Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, 
                        Human Rights, and Labor.
                    (B) Responsibilities.--Each Regional Democracy Hub 
                shall support the appropriate United States ambassador 
                and United States employees assigned to United States 
                missions in each such geographic region to carry out 
                the responsibilities described in this Act, including 
                assisting Ambassadors and other United States officials 
                in each nondemocratic country or democratic transition 
                country in the geographic region to design and 
                implement strategies for a transition to democracy in 
                such county, including regional strategies as 
                appropriate.
                    (C) Accreditation.--As appropriate, the Department 
                should seek accreditation for the Director to all 
                nondemocratic countries in each geographic region for 
                which each Hub is responsible.
                    (D) Termination.--The Secretary may terminate each 
                Hub established under this paragraph five years after 
                each is established.
                    (E) Continuing responsibilities.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed as removing any 
                responsibility under this or any other Act of any chief 
                of mission or other employees of United States 
                diplomatic missions, including the development and 
                implementation of strategies to promote democracy.
                    (F) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
                authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such 
                sums as may be necessary to carry out the 
                responsibilities described in subparagraph (B), 
                including hiring additional staff to carry out such 
                responsibilities.
            (3) Responsibilities of the bureau of intelligence and 
        research.--The Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence 
        and Research should coordinate with the Department of the 
        Treasury, the Department of Justice, the Central Intelligence 
        Agency, other appropriate intelligence agencies, and, as 
        appropriate, with foreign governments to--
                    (A) monitor and document financial assets inside 
                and outside the United States held by leaders of 
                countries determined to be nondemocratic countries or 
                democratic transition countries in the Annual Report on 
                Democracy under section 612(a);
                    (B) identify close associates of such leaders; and
                    (C) monitor and document financial assets inside 
                and outside the United States held by such close 
                associates.
            (4) Coordination.--
                    (A) Deputy assistant secretary of state for 
                democracy, human rights, and labor.--There should be in 
                the Department of State a Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
                State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Any such 
                Deputy Assistant Secretary shall be in addition to the 
                current number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries. In 
                addition to considering qualified noncareer candidates, 
                the Secretary of State should seek to recruit senior 
                members of the Senior Foreign Service to serve in such 
                position.
                    (B) Responsibilities.--In addition to the 
                responsibilities described in paragraph (1)(C) and such 
                other responsibilities as the Secretary or Assistant 
                Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and 
                Labor may from time to time designate, the Deputy 
                Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human 
                Rights, and Labor should--
                            (i) coordinate the work of the office 
                        described in paragraph (1) with the work of 
                        other offices and bureaus at the Department of 
                        State and other United States Government 
                        agencies that provide grants and other 
                        assistance to nongovernmental organizations, 
                        individuals, and movements; and
                            (ii) forge connections between the United 
                        States and nongovernmental organizations, 
                        individuals, and movements committed to the 
                        promotion of democracy and democratic 
                        principles, practices, and values and seek to 
                        embrace the work of such organizations, 
                        individuals, and movements.
            (5) Recruitment.--The Secretary shall seek to ensure that, 
        not later than December 31, 2012, not less than 50 percent of 
        the nonadministrative employees serving in the Bureau of 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor are members of the Foreign 
        Service.

SEC. 612. REPORTS.

    (a) Annual Report on Democracy.--
            (1) Preparation and deadline for submission.--The Secretary 
        of State shall prepare an Annual Report on Democracy. The Under 
        Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, with the 
        assistance of the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, 
        Human Rights, and Labor, shall have the principal 
        responsibility of assisting the Secretary in the preparation of 
        the Annual Report. The Under Secretary and Assistant Secretary 
        shall consult with the regional bureaus of the Department of 
        State in the preparation of the Annual Report. Not later than 
        July 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees the Annual Report on 
        Democracy.
            (2) Contents.--The Annual Report on Democracy shall contain 
        the following:
                    (A) Executive summary.--An Executive Summary with a 
                table listing every foreign country that the Secretary 
                determines to be ``nondemocratic'', and a list of 
                countries the Secretary determines to be ``democratic 
                transition countries'' because they are at the early 
                stages of their transition to democracy. The Executive 
                Summary shall contain a short narrative highlighting 
                the status of democracy in each such country.
                            (i) Determination of categorization.--With 
                        respect to a country listed in the Executive 
                        Summary, the Secretary shall determine which of 
                        the categorizations specified under 
                        subparagraph (A) is appropriate by reference to 
                        the principles enshrined in the United Nations 
                        Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human 
                        Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and 
                        Political Rights, the United Nations Commission 
                        on Human Rights Resolution 1499/57 (entitled 
                        ``Promotion of the Right to Democracy''), the 
                        assessments used to determine eligibility for 
                        financial assistance disbursed from the 
                        Millennium Challenge Account, the assessments 
                        of nongovernmental organizations of eligibility 
                        to participate in the meetings of the Community 
                        of Democracies, and the standards established 
                        and adopted by the Community of Democracies. In 
                        addition, the categorization of a country 
                        should be informed by the general consensus 
                        regarding the status of civil and political 
                        rights in such country by major nongovernmental 
                        organizations that conduct assessments of such 
                        conditions in such countries.
                            (ii) Determination of nondemocratic 
                        categorization.--
                                    (I) In general.--The Secretary 
                                shall categorize a country as 
                                nondemocratic if such country fails to 
                                satisfy any of the following 
                                requirements:
                                            (aa) All citizens of such 
                                        county have the right to, and 
                                        are not restricted in practice 
                                        from, fully and freely 
                                        participating in the political 
                                        life of such country regardless 
                                        of gender, race, language, 
                                        religion, or beliefs.
                                            (bb) The national 
                                        legislative body of such 
                                        country and, if directly 
                                        elected, the head of government 
                                        of such country, are chosen by 
                                        free, fair, open, and periodic 
                                        elections, by universal and 
                                        equal suffrage, and by secret 
                                        ballot.
                                            (cc) More than one 
                                        political party in such country 
                                        has candidates who seek elected 
                                        office at the national level 
                                        and such parties are not 
                                        restricted in their political 
                                        activities or their process for 
                                        selecting such candidates, 
                                        except for reasonable 
                                        administrative requirements 
                                        commonly applied in countries 
                                        categorized as fully 
                                        democratic.
                                            (dd) All citizens in such 
                                        country have a right to, and 
                                        are not restricted in practice 
                                        from, fully exercising the 
                                        freedoms of thought, 
                                        conscience, belief, peaceful 
                                        assembly and association, 
                                        speech, opinion, and 
                                        expression, and such country 
                                        has a free, independent, and 
                                        pluralistic media.
                                            (ee) The current government 
                                        of such country did not come to 
                                        power in a manner contrary to 
                                        the rule of law.
                                            (ff) Such country possesses 
                                        an independent judiciary and 
                                        the government of such country 
                                        generally respects the rule of 
                                        law.
                                    (II) Additional considerations.--
                                Notwithstanding the satisfaction by a 
                                country of the requirements specified 
                                under subclause (I), the Secretary may 
                                categorize a country as nondemocratic 
                                if the Secretary determines that such 
                                is appropriate after consideration of 
                                the principles specified under clause 
                                (i) with respect to such country.
                    (B) Status of democracy.--A description of each 
                country on the list described in subparagraph (A), 
                including--
                            (i) an evaluation of trends over the 
                        preceding 12 months towards improvement or 
                        deterioration in the commitment to and 
                        protection of democratic principles, practices, 
                        values, institutions, and processes in each 
                        such country;
                            (ii) an evaluation of the political rights 
                        and freedoms enjoyed by individuals in each 
                        such country and an evaluation of the factors 
                        that prevent each such country from being 
                        categorized as fully democratic; and
                            (iii) for each country previously 
                        categorized as nondemocratic in the Executive 
                        Summary from the preceding 12 months, an 
                        evaluation of any progress made over the 
                        previous calendar year towards achieving a 
                        categorization of democratic transition 
                        country.
                    (C) Strategy for nondemocratic countries.--An in-
                depth examination of each country categorized as 
                nondemocratic in the Executive Summary, including--
                            (i) a strategy developed following 
                        consultations with nongovernmental 
                        organizations, individuals, and movements that 
                        promote democratic principles, practices, and 
                        values in each such country to promote and 
                        achieve transition to full democracy in each 
                        such country;
                            (ii) a summary of any actions taken by the 
                        President with respect to any such country, the 
                        effects of any such actions, and if no such 
                        actions have been taken, a statement explaining 
                        why not;
                            (iii) a summary of any actions taken by the 
                        chief of mission and officials of the United 
                        States in each such country with which the 
                        United States maintains diplomatic and consular 
                        posts with respect to promoting such a 
                        transition within such country and any 
                        activities of the embassy or consulate in such 
                        country to support individuals and 
                        organizations in such country that actively 
                        advocate for such a transition;
                            (iv) a summary of efforts taken by 
                        officials of the United States to speak 
                        directly to the people in each such country, 
                        and in particular, a description of any visits 
                        taken by the chief of mission and other 
                        officials of the United States in each such 
                        country to the colleges and universities and 
                        other institutions in each such country where 
                        young people congregate and learn;
                            (v) a summary of any communications between 
                        United States Government officials, including 
                        the chief of mission in each such country, and 
                        the leader and other high government officials 
                        of each such country concerning respect for 
                        liberty, democracy, and political, social, and 
                        economic freedoms; and
                            (vi) a description and evaluation of the 
                        efforts undertaken by other democratic 
                        countries belonging to the Community of 
                        Democracies to advance democracy in each such 
                        county, including through relevant bodies of 
                        the United Nations, regional organizations and 
                        bilateral policies and foreign assistance and 
                        the extent to which the United States 
                        coordinated United States actions and policies 
                        with such efforts.
            (3) Classified addendum.--If the Secretary determines that 
        it is in the national security interests of the United States, 
        is necessary for the safety of individuals identified in the 
        Annual Report on Democracy, or is necessary to further the 
        purposes of this Act, any information required by paragraph 
        (2), including policies adopted or actions taken by the United 
        States, may be summarized in the Annual Report on Democracy or 
        in the Executive Summary and submitted to the appropriate 
        congressional committees in more detail in a classified 
        addendum.
    (b) One-Time Report on Training and Guidelines for Foreign Service 
Officers and Chiefs of Mission.--The Secretary of State, in 
consultation with the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global 
Affairs, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
one-time report containing a description of the training provided under 
section 619 for Foreign Service officers, including chiefs of mission 
serving or preparing to serve in countries categorized as democratic 
transition countries or nondemocratic in the Annual Report on Democracy 
required under subsection (a), or chiefs of mission in fully democratic 
countries whose job performance could benefit from such training, with 
respect to methods to promote and achieve transition to full democracy 
in each such country, including nonviolent action. The Secretary shall 
submit the report together with the first Annual Report on Democracy 
required under such subsection.

SEC. 613. STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE THE PROMOTION OF DEMOCRACY IN FOREIGN 
                    COUNTRIES.

    (a) Working Group on Nondemocratic Countries.--Beginning in the 
year after the second Annual Report on Democracy required under section 
612(a) is submitted and not less than once each year thereafter, the 
Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs should 
convene a working group under subsection (c) focused on each country 
categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent such report in order 
to--
            (1) review progress on the action plan with respect to each 
        such country to promote and achieve the transition to full 
        democracy in such country; and
            (2) receive recommendations regarding further action that 
        should be taken with respect to such plan.
    (b) Working Group on Democratic Transition Countries.--Beginning in 
the year after the second Annual Report on Democracy required under 
section 612(a) is submitted and not less than once each year 
thereafter, the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global 
Affairs should also convene a working group under subsection (c) 
focused on the progress towards a fully democratic form of governance 
in each country categorized as a democratic transition country in the 
most recent Annual Report that was categorized as nondemocratic in any 
previous Annual Report.
    (c) Members of Working Groups.--The working groups referred to in 
subsections (a) and (b) should include officers and employees of the 
Department of State and appropriate representatives from other relevant 
government agencies, including the United States Agency for 
International Development, the Department of the Treasury, and the 
Department of Defense.
    (d) Consultations With Chiefs of Missions.--The chief of mission 
for each country categorized as nondemocratic or a democratic 
transition country in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy shall 
meet with the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs 
at least once each year to discuss the transition to full democracy in 
such country, including any actions the chief of mission has taken to 
implement the action plan for such country included in such report.

SEC. 614. ACTIVITIES BY THE UNITED STATES TO PROMOTE DEMOCRACY AND 
                    HUMAN RIGHTS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

    (a) Freedom Investment Act of 2002.--The Freedom Investment Act of 
2002 (subtitle E of title VI of Public Law 107-228) is amended--
            (1) in section 663(a), (relating to human rights activities 
        at the Department of State)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (4);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(2) a United States mission abroad in a country that has 
        been categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual 
        Report on Democracy (as required under section 612(a) of the 
        Advance Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and 
        Enhance Democracy Act of 2005) should have at least one 
        political officer who shall have primary responsibility for 
        monitoring and promoting democracy and human rights in such 
        country;
            ``(3) the level of seniority of any such political officer 
        should be in direct relationship to the severity of the 
        problems associated with the establishment of full democracy 
        and respect for human rights in such country; and''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``monitoring human rights developments'' and 
                all that follows through ``recommendation'' and 
                inserting the following: ``monitoring and promoting 
                democracy and human rights, including a political 
                officer described in paragraphs (2) and (3), in a 
                foreign country should be made after consultation with 
                and upon the recommendation''; and
            (2) in section 665(c) (relating to reports on actions taken 
        by the United States to encourage respect for human rights), by 
        striking the second sentence and adding at the end the 
        following new sentences: ``If the Secretary elects to submit 
        such information as a separate report, such report may be 
        submitted as part of the Annual Report on Democracy required 
        under section 612(a) of the Advance Democratic Values, Address 
        Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005. If 
        the Secretary makes such an election, such report shall be 
        organized so as to contain a separate section for each country 
        to which such information applies, together with a short 
        narrative describing the extrajudicial killing, torture, or 
        other serious violations of human rights that are indicated to 
        have occurred in each such country.''.
    (b) Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.--The Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 116(d) (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)), by striking 
        paragraph (10) and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(10) for each country with respect to which the report 
        indicates that extrajudicial killings, torture, or other 
        serious violations of human rights have occurred in the 
        country, a strategy, including a specific list of priorities 
        and an action plan, to end such practices in the country, and 
        any actions taken in the previous year to end such practices in 
        the country; and''; and
            (2) in section 502B(b) (22 U.S.C. 2304(b)), by striking the 
        sixth sentence and inserting the following new sentence: ``Such 
        report shall also include, for each country with respect to 
        which the report indicates that extrajudicial killings, 
        torture, or other serious violations of human rights have 
        occurred in the country, a strategy, including a specific list 
        of priorities and an action plan, to end such practices in the 
        country, and any actions taken in the previous year to end such 
        practices in the country.''.

SEC. 615. DEMOCRACY PROMOTION AND HUMAN RIGHTS ADVISORY BOARD.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a Democracy Promotion and 
Human Rights Advisory Board.
    (b) Purpose and Duties.--The Board shall advise and provide 
recommendations to the Secretary of State, the Under Secretary of State 
for Democracy and Global Affairs, the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, and the Assistant Administrator for 
the Bureau of Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance of the 
United States Agency for International Development concerning United 
States policies regarding the promotion of democracy and the 
establishment of universal democracy, including the following:
            (1) Reviewing and making recommendations regarding the 
        overall United States strategy for promoting democracy and 
        human rights in partly democratic and nondemocratic countries, 
        including methods for incorporating the promotion of democracy 
        and human rights into United States diplomacy, the use of 
        international organizations to further United States democracy 
        promotion goals, and ways in which the United States can work 
        with other countries and the Community of Democracies to 
        further such purposes.
            (2) Recommendations regarding specific strategies to 
        promote democracy in countries categorized as nondemocratic or 
        as democratic transition countries in the most recent Annual 
        Report on Democracy under section 612(a) and methods for 
        consulting and coordinating with individuals (including 
        expatriates) and nongovernmental organizations that promote 
        democratic principles, practices, and values.
            (3) Recommendations regarding the use of--
                    (A) programs related to the promotion of democracy 
                and human rights administered by the United States 
                Agency for International Development; and
                    (B) the Human Rights and Democracy Fund, 
                established under section 664 of the Freedom Investment 
                Act of 2002 (subtitle E of title VI of Public Law 107-
                228).
            (4) Recommendations regarding regulations to be promulgated 
        concerning--
                    (A) the standards of performance to be met by 
                members of the Foreign Service, including chiefs of 
                mission, under section 405(d) of the Foreign Service 
                Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3965(d)); and
                    (B) the development of programs to promote 
                democracy in foreign countries under section 614, 
                relating to programs undertaken by United States 
                missions in foreign countries and the activities of 
                chiefs of mission.
    (c) Study on Democracy Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        appointment of five members of the Board, the Board shall 
        submit to the President, appropriate congressional committees, 
        and the Secretary a study on United States democracy 
        assistance.
            (2) Contents.--The study shall include--
                    (A) a comprehensive review and an overall 
                evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of 
                United States appropriations for the promotion of 
                democracy, including--
                            (i) information regarding the amount of 
                        money dedicated to such purpose each fiscal 
                        year;
                            (ii) an identification of the international 
                        organizations, nongovernmental organizations, 
                        multilateral institutions, individuals, private 
                        groups (including corporations and other 
                        businesses), and government agencies and 
                        departments receiving such funds for such 
                        purpose;
                            (iii) information regarding the efficiency 
                        and effectiveness of the use of such funds to 
                        promote a transition to democracy in 
                        nondemocratic countries with a special emphasis 
                        on activities related to the promotion of 
                        democracy under subsection (b)(3)(B), relating 
                        to the Human Rights and Democracy Fund; and
                            (iv) information regarding the efficiency 
                        and effectiveness of the use of such funds to 
                        promote and sustain democracy in countries that 
                        are already fully democratic or democratic 
                        transition countries;
                    (B) a review of--
                            (i) whether United States international 
                        broadcasts influence citizens of countries 
                        categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent 
                        Annual Report on Democracy and the impact of 
                        increasing such broadcasts to such countries 
                        relative to the cost of such increases, 
                        including information relating to an assessment 
                        of programming on the means of nonviolent 
                        protest and democratic change; and
                            (ii) the potential contribution that 
                        supporting private media sources that are not 
                        controlled or owned by the United States to 
                        reaching citizens of such countries, the 
                        situations where such support may be 
                        appropriate, and the mechanisms that should be 
                        used to provide such support;
                    (C) policy recommendations to the President and 
                appropriate congressional committees regarding ways to 
                improve United States programs for the promotion of 
                democracy, including coordination of such programs; and
                    (D) recommendations for reform of United States 
                Government agencies involved in the promotion of 
                democracy.
    (d) Membership.--
            (1) Appointment.--The Board shall be composed of nine 
        members, who shall be citizens of the United States and who 
        shall not be officers or employees of the United States. The 
        Secretary shall appoint all such members. Not more than five 
        members may be affiliated with the same political party.
            (2) Selection.--Members of the Board shall be selected from 
        among distinguished individuals noted for their knowledge and 
        experience in fields relevant to the issues to be considered by 
        the Board, including issues related to the promotion of 
        democracy, international relations, management and organization 
        of foreign assistance or comparable programs, methods and means 
        of nonviolent protest, academic study and debate of democracy, 
        human rights, and international law.
            (3) Time for appointment.--The appointment of members to 
        the Board under paragraph (1) shall be made not later than 120 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Term of service and sunset.--Each member shall be 
        appointed to the Board for a term that shall expire on the date 
        that is one year after the date of the submission of the study 
        under subsection (c).
            (5) Sunset.--The Board shall terminate on the date that is 
        one year after the date of the submission of the study under 
        such subsection unless the Secretary determines that it is in 
        the interest of the Department to extend the Board for a period 
        of an additional five years.
            (6) Security clearances.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        all members of the Board, and appropriate experts and 
        consultants under paragraph (7)(E), obtain relevant security 
        clearances in an expeditious manner.
            (7) Operation.--
                    (A) Chair.--The Secretary shall appoint one member 
                of the Board to chair the Board. The Board shall meet 
                at the call of the Chair.
                    (B) Travel expenses.--Members of the Board shall be 
                allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
                subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of 
                agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, 
                United States Code, while away from their homes or 
                regular places of business in the performance of 
                service for the Board.
                    (C) Office space and administrative assistance.--
                Upon the request of the chairperson of the Board, the 
                Secretary shall provide reasonable and appropriate 
                office space, supplies, and administrative assistance.
                    (D) Applicability of certain other laws.--Nothing 
                in this section shall be construed to cause the Board 
                to be considered an agency or establishment of the 
                United States, or to cause members of the Board to be 
                considered officers or employees of the United States. 
                Executive branch agencies may conduct programs and 
                activities and provide services in support of the 
                activities duties of the Board, notwithstanding any 
                other provision of law. The Federal Advisory Committee 
                Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Board.
                    (E) Experts and consultants.--The Board may procure 
                temporary and intermittent services under section 
                3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Board such sums as may be necessary for each of 
fiscal years 2006, 2007, and 2008.

SEC. 616. ESTABLISHMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF INTERNET SITE FOR GLOBAL 
                    DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS.

    (a) Establishment.--In order to facilitate access by individuals 
and nongovernmental organizations in foreign countries to documents, 
streaming video and audio, and other media regarding democratic 
principles, practices, and values, and the promotion and strengthening 
of democracy, the Secretary of State, in cooperation with the Under 
Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, the Under 
Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, and the Assistant 
Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, shall 
establish and maintain an Internet site for global democracy and human 
rights.
    (b) Contents.--The Internet site for global democracy established 
under subsection (a) shall include the following information:
            (1) The Executive Summary prepared under section 
        612(a)(2)(A), but only to the extent that information contained 
        therein is not classified.
            (2) Narratives and histories of significant democratic 
        movements in foreign countries, particularly regarding 
        successful nonviolent campaigns to oust dictatorships.
            (3) Narratives relating to the importance of the 
        establishment of and respect for fundamental freedoms.
            (4) Major human rights reports by the United States 
        Government or any other documents, references, or links to 
        external Internet sites the Secretary or Under Secretary 
        determines appropriate, including reference to or links to 
        training materials regarding successful movements in the past, 
        including translations of such materials, as appropriate.

SEC. 617. PROGRAMS BY UNITED STATES MISSIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND 
                    ACTIVITIES OF CHIEFS OF MISSION.

    (a) Development of Programs to Promote Democracy in Foreign 
Countries.--Each chief of mission in each foreign country categorized 
as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy, with 
the assistance of the director of the relevant Regional Hub, shall--
            (1) develop, as part of annual program planning, a strategy 
        to promote democracy in each such foreign country and to 
        provide visible and material support to individuals and 
        nongovernmental organizations in each such country that are 
        committed to democratic principles, practices, and values, such 
        as--
                    (A) consulting and coordinating with such 
                individuals and organizations regarding the promotion 
                of democracy;
                    (B) visiting local landmarks and other local sites 
                associated with nonviolent protest in support of 
                democracy and freedom from oppression;
                    (C) holding periodic public meetings with such 
                individuals and organizations to discuss democracy and 
                political, social, and economic freedoms;
                    (D) issuing public condemnation of severe 
                violations of internationally recognized human rights 
                (as such term is described in section 116(a) of the 
                Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(a)), 
                violations of religious freedom, including particularly 
                severe violations of religious freedom (as such terms 
                are defined in paragraphs (11) and (13) of section 3 of 
                the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 
                U.S.C. 6402)), political repression, and government-
                tolerated or -condoned trafficking in persons; and
                    (E) providing technical, financial, and such other 
                support to such individuals and organizations;
            (2) hold ongoing discussions with the leaders of each such 
        nondemocratic country regarding a transition to full democracy 
        and the development of political, social, and economic freedoms 
        and respect for human rights, including freedom of religion or 
        belief, in such country; and
            (3) conduct meetings with civil society, interviews with 
        media that can directly reach citizens of each such country, 
        and discussions with students and young people of each such 
        country regarding a transition to democracy and the development 
        of political, social, and economic freedoms in each such 
        country.
    (b) Public Outreach in Foreign Countries.--Each chief of mission or 
principal officer should spend time at universities and other 
institutions of higher learning to--
            (1) debate and discuss values and policies that promote 
        democracy; and
            (2) communicate, promote, and defend such United States 
        values and policies.
    (c) Access to United States Missions.--The Secretary is encouraged 
to allow access to a United States diplomatic or consular mission in 
each foreign country categorized as a democratic transition country or 
as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy by 
individuals and representatives of nongovernmental organizations in 
each such country who are committed to democratic principles, 
practices, and values in each such country.

SEC. 618. TRAINING FOR FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS.

    (a) Training in Democracy and the Promotion of Democracy and Human 
Rights.--Section 708 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
4028) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Training on Global Democracy Promotion.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to the training required 
        under subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of State, in 
        cooperation with other relevant officials, including the Under 
        Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, and the 
        Director of the National Foreign Affairs Training Center of the 
        Foreign Service Institute of the Department of State, shall 
        establish as part of the training provided after December 31, 
        2006, for members of the Service, including all chiefs of 
        mission and deputy chiefs of mission, instruction in how to 
        strengthen and promote democracy through peaceful means in 
        consultation with individuals and nongovernmental organizations 
        that support democratic principles, practices, and values. In 
        particular, such instruction shall be mandatory for members of 
        the Service having reporting or other responsibilities relating 
        to internal political developments and human rights, including 
        religious freedom, in nondemocratic countries or democratic 
        transition countries as categorized in the most recent Annual 
        Report on Democracy as required under section 612(a) of the 
        Advance Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and 
        Enhance Democracy Act of 2005, including for chiefs of mission 
        and deputy chiefs of mission, and shall be completed before the 
        time that such member or chief of mission assumes a post (or, 
        if such is not practical, within the first year of assuming 
        such post).
            ``(2) Contents of training.--The training required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include instruction, a training manual, and 
        other materials regarding the following:
                    ``(A) International documents and United States 
                policy regarding electoral democracy and respect for 
                human rights.
                    ``(B) United States policy regarding the promotion 
                and strengthening of democracy around the world, with 
                particular emphasis on the transition to democracy in 
                nondemocratic countries.
                    ``(C) For any member, chief of mission, or deputy 
                chief of mission who is to be assigned to a foreign 
                country that is categorized as nondemocratic in the 
                Annual Report on Democracy, instruction regarding ways 
                to promote democracy in such country and providing 
                technical, financial, and other support to individuals 
                (including expatriated citizens) and nongovernmental 
                organizations in such country that support democratic 
                principles, practices, and values.
                    ``(D) The protection of internationally recognized 
                human rights (including the protection of religious 
                freedom) and standards related to such rights, 
                provisions of United States law related to such rights, 
                diplomatic tools to promote respect for such rights, 
                the protection of individuals who have fled their 
                countries due to violations of such rights (including 
                the role of United States embassies in providing access 
                to the United States Refugee Admissions Program) and 
                the relationship between respect for such rights and 
                democratic development and national security. The 
                Director of the National Foreign Affairs Training 
                Center of the Foreign Service Institute of the 
                Department of State shall consult with nongovernmental 
                organizations involved in the protection and promotion 
                of such rights and the United States Commission on 
                International Religious Freedom (established under 
                section 201(a) of the International Religious Freedom 
                Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6431(a)) in developing the 
                training required by this subparagraph.''.
    (b) Other Training.--The Secretary of State shall ensure that the 
training described in subsection (a) is provided to members of the 
civil service who are assigned in the United States or abroad who have 
reporting or other responsibilities relating to internal political 
developments and human rights in countries that are categorized as 
democratic transition countries or nondemocratic in the Annual Report 
on Democracy required under section 612(a).
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary to develop appropriate 
programs and materials to accomplish the training required under 
subsection (c) of section 708 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4028), as added by subsection (a).
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--Section 708 of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``(a) The'' and inserting 
        ``(a) Training on Human Rights.--The''; and
            (2) in subsection (b) by striking ``(b) The'' and inserting 
        ``(b) Training on Refugee Law and Religious Persecution.--
        The''.

SEC. 619. PERFORMANCE PAY; PROMOTIONS; FOREIGN SERVICE AWARDS.

    (a) Performance Pay.--Section 405(d) of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980 (22 U.S.C. 3965(d)) is amended by inserting after the second 
sentence the following new sentence: ``Meritorious or distinguished 
service in the promotion of democracy in foreign countries, including 
contact with and support of individuals and nongovernmental 
organizations that promote democracy in a foreign country categorized 
as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy (as 
required under section 612(a) of the Advance Democratic Values, Address 
Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005), shall also 
serve as a basis for granting awards under this section.''.
    (b) Promotions.--Section 603(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 
(22 U.S.C. 4003(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``Precepts for selection boards shall also, where applicable, 
include an evaluation of whether members of the Service and members of 
the Senior Foreign Service have met the standards of performance 
established by the Secretary pursuant to section 619(c) of the Advance 
Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance 
Democracy Act of 2005, or have served in a position in which the 
primary responsibility is to monitor or promote democracy or human 
rights.''.
    (c) Regulations and Evaluations Concerning Standards of Performance 
and Programs to Promote Democracy.--With respect to members of the 
Foreign Service, including all chiefs of mission, who are assigned to 
foreign countries categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent 
Annual Report on Democracy, the Secretary shall prescribe regulations 
concerning the standards of performance to be met under sections 405(d) 
and 603(b) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3965(d) and 
4003(b)), as amended by subsections (a) and (b), respectively, and the 
development of programs to promote democracy in foreign countries under 
section 617. The requirements of sections 617 and 618(a) shall serve as 
one of the bases for performance criteria in evaluating chiefs of 
mission and those officers at posts so designated by the chief of 
mission.
    (d) Foreign Service Awards.--Section 614 of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4013) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new sentence: ``Distinguished or meritorious service in the promotion 
of democracy in foreign countries, including contact with and support 
of individuals and nongovernmental organizations that promote democracy 
in a foreign country categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent 
Annual Report on Democracy (as required under section 612(a) of the 
Advance Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance 
Democracy Act of 2005), shall also serve as a basis for granting awards 
under this section.''.

SEC. 620. APPOINTMENTS.

    (a) Appointments by the President.--Section 302 of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3942) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(c) If an individual (with respect to subsection (a)) or a member 
of the Service (with respect to subsection (b)) is appointed by the 
President to be a chief of mission in a country at the time such 
country is categorized as nondemocratic in an Annual Report on 
Democracy (required under section 612(a) of the Advance Democratic 
Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 
2005), and if such individual or such member has previously served as 
chief of mission in a country that was so categorized, the President 
shall transmit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
written report summarizing the actions that such individual or member 
took during the period of such prior service to promote democracy and 
human rights in such country, including actions in furtherance of the 
strategy contained in such report.''.
    (b) Chiefs of Mission.--Section 304(a)(1) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 
3944(a)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``If the country in which the individual is to serve is categorized as 
nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy (as 
required under section 612(a) of the Advance Democratic Values, Address 
Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005), the 
individual should possess clearly demonstrated competence in and 
commitment to the promotion of democracy in such country, including 
competence in promoting democratic principles, practices, and values 
through regular interaction with individuals, including students and 
young people within such country, who support and advocate such 
principles, practices, and values.''.

         Subtitle B--Alliances With Other Democratic Countries

SEC. 631. ALLIANCES WITH OTHER DEMOCRATIC COUNTRIES.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that it is in the national interest of 
the United States, including for humanitarian, economic, social, 
political, and security reasons, to forge alliances with democratic 
countries to work together to promote and protect--
            (1) shared democratic principles, practices, and values; 
        and
            (2) political, social, and economic freedoms around the 
        world.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of this subtitle are to encourage new 
ways of forging alliances with democratic countries in order to--
            (1) promote and protect democratic principles, practices, 
        and values, including the right to free, fair, and open 
        elections, secret balloting, and universal suffrage;
            (2) promote and protect fundamental shared political, 
        social, and economic freedoms, including the freedoms of 
        association, of expression, of the press, of religion, and to 
        own private property;
            (3) promote and protect respect for the rule of law;
            (4) develop, adopt, and pursue strategies to advance common 
        interests in international organizations and multilateral 
        institutions to which members of the alliance of democratic 
        countries belong; and
            (5) provide political, economic, and other necessary 
        support to countries that are undergoing a transition to 
        democracy.
    (c) Sense of Congress Regarding Participation.--It is the sense of 
Congress that any foreign country that is categorized as nondemocratic 
in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy under section 612(a) 
should not participate in any alliance of democratic countries aimed at 
working together to promote democracy.

SEC. 632. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A DEMOCRACY 
                    CAUCUS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that with the passage of the 
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 
108-458), Congress--
            (1) encouraged the establishment of a Democracy Caucus 
        within the United Nations, the United Nations Human Rights 
        Commission, the United Nations Conference on Disarmament, and 
        at other broad-based international organizations; and
            (2) required increased training in multilateral diplomacy 
        for members of the Foreign Service and appropriate members of 
        the Civil Service to support such an establishment.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
creation of a Democracy Caucus in each international organization and 
multilateral institution of which the United States is a member will 
not only improve the internal governance of such organizations but will 
also strengthen the implementation of commitments by such organizations 
and institutions regarding democracy and human rights.

SEC. 633. ANNUAL DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS ON MULTILATERAL ISSUES.

     The Secretary of State, acting through the principal officers 
responsible for advising the Secretary on international organizations, 
should ensure that a high level delegation from the United States is 
sent on an annual basis to consult with key foreign governments in 
every region to promote United States policies, including issues 
related to democracy and human rights, at key international fora, 
including the United Nations General Assembly, the United Nations Human 
Rights Commission or other multilateral human rights body, the 
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the United 
Nations Education, Science, and Cultural Organization.

SEC. 634. STRENGTHENING THE COMMUNITY OF DEMOCRACIES.

    (a) Formal Mechanisms for the Community of Democracies.--It is the 
sense of Congress that the Community of Democracies should develop a 
more formal mechanism for carrying out work between ministerial 
meetings, including hiring appropriate staff to carry out such work, 
and should, as appropriate, establish a headquarters.
    (b) Detail of Personnel.--The Secretary is authorized to detail on 
a nonreimbursable basis any employee of the Department of State to any 
country that is a member of the Convening Group of the Community of 
Democracies.
    (c) Regional Group in the Community of Democracies.--It is the 
sense of Congress that regional groups within the Community of 
Democracies should be established and strengthened in order to 
facilitate coordination of common positions and action on multilateral 
strategies to promote and consolidate democracy.
    (d) International Center for Democratic Transition.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the United States should, along with contributions from private 
        individuals, support the initiative of the Government of 
        Hungary and the governments of other European countries to 
        establish a International Center for Democratic Transition to 
        support transitions to full democracy.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated for a grant to the International Center for 
        Democratic Transition $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006, 
        2007, and 2008. Amounts appropriated under this paragraph shall 
        remain available until expended.
            (3) Use of funds.--Any grant made in fiscal year 2006 by 
        the Secretary to the International Center for Democratic 
        Transition under paragraph (2) may be used for the 
        establishment and operation of the Center and for programs and 
        activities of the Center. Any grant or voluntary contribution 
        made in any subsequent fiscal year by the Secretary to the 
        Center under such paragraph may be used for programs and 
        activities of the Center.

             Subtitle C--Funding for Promotion of Democracy

SEC. 641. POLICY.

    It shall be the policy of the United States to provide financial 
assistance to eligible entities and eligible individuals in order to 
assist such entities and individuals in the promotion of democracy in 
countries categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report 
on Democracy under section 612(a).

SEC. 642. HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY FUND.

    (a) Purposes of the Human Rights and Democracy Fund.--In addition 
to uses currently approved for the Human Rights and Democracy Fund, the 
Secretary of State, acting through the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor shall use amounts appropriated to 
the Human Rights and Democracy Fund under subsection (e) to provide 
assistance to eligible entities and eligible individuals to promote 
democracy in foreign countries categorized as nondemocratic in the most 
recent Annual Report on Democracy under section 612(a). The promotion 
of democracy in such countries for which such assistance may be 
provided may include the following activities:
            (1) The publication and distribution of books and the 
        creation and distribution of other media relating to 
        information about current events in such country and 
        educational programming designed to provide information 
        regarding democracy, the rule of law, free, fair and open 
        elections, free market economics, fundamental human rights 
        (including the rights of freedom of speech and of religion and 
        the rights to be free from slavery and bondage), and successful 
        democratic movements in history, including educational programs 
        for leaders and members of democratic movements to convey 
        information to such individuals regarding the means of 
        nonviolent force and the methods of nonviolent action.
            (2) The translation into languages spoken in such countries 
        of relevant programming and existing books, videos, and other 
        publications relating to the subjects specified in paragraph 
        (1).
            (3) The promotion of political pluralism and the rule of 
        law within such countries, including the promotion of 
        nongovernmental organizations and movements that promote 
        democratic principles, practices, and values.
            (4) The creation of programs for student groups to work 
        with citizens of such countries who are committed to democratic 
        reforms and to the promotion of a transition to democracy.
            (5) The creation of training programs for citizens of such 
        countries concerning international legal obligations to support 
        democracy and human rights, including religious freedom.
            (6) Support for nongovernmental organizations which have 
        experience with the Community of Democracies to assist the 
        Community of Democracies and its Convening Group.
    (b) Freedom Investment Act of 2002.--Section 664(b) of the Freedom 
Investment Act of 2002 (subtitle E of title VI of Public Law 107-228; 
relating to the purposes of the Human Rights and Democracy Fund) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(5) to support the study of democracy abroad, including 
        support for debates and discussions at academic institutions, 
        regarding the values and benefits of democracy; and''; and
            (4) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection, by striking ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
    (c) Administrative Authorities.--Assistance provided through the 
Human Rights and Democracy Fund may be provided to eligible entities 
and eligible individuals in foreign countries notwithstanding any 
provision of law that prohibits assistance to a foreign country or to a 
government of a foreign country.
    (d) Annual Report on the Status of the Human Rights and Democracy 
Fund.--Not later than 60 days after the conclusion of each fiscal year, 
the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an annual 
report on the status of the Human Rights and Democracy Fund. Each such 
annual report shall contain the following information:
            (1) An identification of each eligible entity and eligible 
        individual who received assistance during the previous fiscal 
        year under subsection (b) and a summary of the activities of 
        each such recipient.
            (2) An account of projects funded and outside contributions 
        received during the previous fiscal year.
            (3) A balance sheet of income and outlays current as of the 
        conclusion of the fiscal year to which such report is relevant.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds available for each of fiscal 
        years 2006 and 2007, there are authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Human Rights and Democracy Fund to carry out the purposes 
        of this section $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
        $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2007. Amounts appropriated under 
        this section shall remain available until expended.
            (2) Administrative expenses.--Not more than five percent of 
        amounts appropriated to the Human Rights and Democracy Fund for 
        each fiscal year may be applied toward administrative expenses 
        associated with carrying out this section.
            (3) Contributions.--The Secretary may accept contributions 
        to the Human Rights and Democracy Fund from the governments of 
        other democratic countries, private foundations, private 
        citizens, and other nongovernmental sources.

                    Subtitle D--Presidential Actions

SEC. 651. INVESTIGATION OF VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN 
                    LAW.

    (a) In General.--The President, with the assistance of the 
Secretary of State, the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and 
Global Affairs, and the Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues, 
shall collect information regarding incidents that may constitute 
crimes against humanity, genocide, slavery, or other violations of 
international humanitarian law by leaders or other government officials 
of foreign countries categorized as nondemocratic or as democratic 
transition countries in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy 
under section 612(a).
    (b) Accountability.--The President shall consider what actions can 
be taken to ensure that such leaders or other government officials of 
foreign countries who are identified in accordance with subsection (a) 
as responsible for crimes against humanity, genocide, slavery, or other 
violations of international humanitarian law are brought to account for 
such crimes in an appropriately constituted tribunal.

SEC. 652. PRESIDENTIAL COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that direct communications from the 
President to citizens of countries that are categorized as 
nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy would be 
extremely beneficial to demonstrate that the United States supports 
such citizens and the efforts and actions of such citizens to promote 
and achieve transition to democracy in such countries.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) from time to time as the President shall determine 
        appropriate, the President should broadcast a message to the 
        citizens of countries categorized as nondemocratic in the most 
        recent Annual Report on Democracy under section 612(a) 
        expressing the support of the United States for such citizens, 
        discussing democratic principles, practices, and values, and 
        political, social, and economic freedoms, and condemning 
        violations of internationally recognized human rights (as such 
        term is described in section 116(a) of the Foreign Assistance 
        Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(a))), violations of religious 
        freedom, including particularly severe violations of religious 
        freedom (as such terms are defined in paragraphs (11) and (13) 
        of section 3 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 
        (22 U.S.C. 6402)), political repression, and government-
        tolerated or condoned trafficking in persons that occur in such 
        country; and
            (2) the President should encourage leaders of other 
        democratic countries to make similar broadcasts.

TITLE VII--STRATEGIC EXPORT CONTROL AND SECURITY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2005

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE.

     This title may be cited as the ``Strategic Export Control and 
Security Assistance Act of 2005''.

SEC. 702. DEFINITIONS.

     In this title:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on International Relations and 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
            (2) Defense articles and defense services.--The term 
        ``defense articles and defense services'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 47(7) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
        U.S.C. 2794 note).
            (3) Dual use.--The term ``dual use'' means, with respect to 
        goods or technology, those goods or technology that are 
        specifically designed or developed for civil purposes but which 
        also may be used or deployed in a military or proliferation 
        mode. Such term does not include purely commercial items.
            (4) Export.--The term ``export'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 120.17 of the International Traffic in Arms 
        Regulations, and includes re-exports, transfers, and re-
        transfers by any means.
            (5) Export administration regulations.--The term ``Export 
        Administration Regulations'' means those regulations contained 
        in sections 730 through 774 of title 15, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or successor regulations).
            (6) Foreign government.--The term ``foreign government'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 38(g)(9)(B) of the 
        Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(g)(9)(B)).
            (7) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 38(g)(9)(C) of the Arms 
        Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(g)(9)(C)).
            (8) Good.--The term ``good'' has the meaning given the term 
        in section 16(3) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
        U.S.C. App. 2415(3)).
            (9) International traffic in arms regulations.--The term 
        ``International Traffic in Arms Regulations'' means those 
        regulations contained in sections 120 through 130 of title 22, 
        Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations).
            (10) Item.--The term ``item'' means any good or technology, 
        defense article or defense service subject to the export 
        jurisdiction of the United States under law or regulation.
            (11) License.--The term ``license'' means an official 
        written document of the United States Government issued 
        pursuant to the Export Administration Regulations or the 
        International Traffic in Arms Regulations, as the case may be, 
        authorizing a specific export.
            (12) Missile technology control regime; mtcr.--The term 
        ``Missile Technology Control Regime'' or ``MTCR'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 11B(c)(2) of the Export 
        Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401b(c)(2)).
            (13) Missile technology control regime annex; mtcr annex.--
        The term ``Missile Technology Control Regime Annex'' or ``MTCR 
        Annex'' has the meaning given the term in section 11B(c)(4) of 
        the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
        2401b(c)(4)).
            (14) Person.--The term ``person'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 38(g)(9)(E) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
        U.S.C. 2778(g)(9)(E)).
            (15) Strategic export control.--The term ``strategic export 
        control'' means the control of items subject to the export 
        jurisdiction of the United States pursuant to the International 
        Traffic in Arms Regulations or the Export Administration 
        Regulations.
            (16) Technology.--The term ``technology'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 16(4) of the Export Administration 
        Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2415(4)).
            (17) United states munitions list.--The term ``United 
        States Munitions List'' means the list referred to in section 
        38(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(a)(1)).

SEC. 703. DECLARATION OF POLICY.

     Congress declares that, at a time of evolving threats and changing 
relationships with other countries, United States strategic export 
controls are in urgent need of a comprehensive review in order to 
assure such controls are achieving their intended purposes of 
protecting the national security interests of the United States in the 
Global War on Terrorism and of promoting the foreign policy purposes of 
the United States, in particular by assuring that--
            (1) export license procedures are properly designed to 
        prioritize readily which exports may be approved quickly for 
        United States friends and allies and which require greater 
        scrutiny in order to safeguard national interests;
            (2) technology related to the military superiority of the 
        United States Armed Forces is safeguarded during and after 
        export to a high level of confidence; and
            (3) overlapping and duplicative functions among the 
        responsible departments and agencies of the Government of the 
        United States are consolidated and integrated wherever 
        appropriate in order to enhance efficiency, information 
        sharing, and the consistent execution of United States policy.

    Subtitle B--Revising and Strengthening Strategic Export Control 
                                Policies

SEC. 711. AMENDMENTS TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT BASIC AUTHORITIES ACT OF 
                    1956.

    (a) Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security.--
Section 1(b)(2) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2651a(b)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``There'' and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--There''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Duties.--The Under Secretary for Arms Control 
                and International Security shall be responsible for--
                            ``(i) coordinating and executing a United 
                        States strategy for strengthening multilateral 
                        export controls;
                            ``(ii) coordinating the activities of all 
                        bureaus and offices of the Department of State 
                        that have responsibility for export control 
                        policy, licensing, or assistance; and
                            ``(iii) serving as the chairperson of the 
                        Strategic Export Control Board established 
                        under section 712 of the Strategic Export 
                        Control and Security Assistance Act of 2005.''.
    (b) Deputy Under Secretary for Strategic Export Control .--Section 
1(b)(2) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2651a(b)(2)), as amended by subsection (a), is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Deputy under secretary for strategic export 
                control.--There shall be in the Department of State a 
                Deputy Under Secretary for Strategic Export Control who 
                shall have primary responsibility to assist the Under 
                Secretary for Arms Control and International Security 
                in carrying out the responsibility of the Under 
                Secretary described in subparagraph (B)(iii).''.
    (c) Defense Trade Controls Registration Fees.--Section 45 of the 
State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2717) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) functions of the Strategic Export Control Board 
        established under section 712 of the Strategic Export Control 
        and Security Assistance Act of 2005.''.

SEC. 712. STRATEGIC EXPORT CONTROL BOARD.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a Strategic Export Control 
Board (in this section referred to as the ``Board''). The Board shall 
consist of representatives from the Department of Commerce, the 
Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the 
Department of Justice, the National Security Council, the intelligence 
community (as defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 
1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)), and other appropriate departments and 
agencies of the Government of the United States, and the Under 
Secretary for Arms Control and International Security of the Department 
of State. The Under Secretary for Arms Control and International 
Security shall serve as the chairperson of the Board.
    (b) Functions.--The Board shall--
            (1) conduct a comprehensive review of United States 
        strategic export controls in the context of the Global War on 
        Terrorism in order to strengthen controls by regulation, where 
        appropriate, and to formulate legislative proposals for any new 
        authorities that are needed for counter-terrorism purposes;
            (2) develop a strategy for ensuring a high level of 
        confidence in the export control of any items important to the 
        current and future military superiority of the United States 
        Armed Forces, including in particular the security of sensitive 
        software through the use of tamper-resistant security software 
        and other emerging technologies;
            (3) design standards and best practices for information 
        assurance and protection for the robust information technology 
        systems, such as virtual private networks, already utilized by 
        United States defense firms in the conduct of their export 
        control regulated activities with foreign partners, which can 
        also gain the support of United States friends and allies;
            (4) formulate, with the assistance of the United States 
        defense industry and the support of United States friends and 
        allies, an automated international delivery confirmation system 
        for commercial shipments of lethal and other high risk items in 
        order to afford improved protection against attempts to disrupt 
        international supply chains or to divert sensitive items to 
        gray arms markets;
            (5) prepare recommendations for the President and Congress, 
        as appropriate, with respect to--
                    (A) the consolidation of overlapping or duplicative 
                functions among the responsible departments and 
                agencies of the Government of the United States in such 
                areas as enforcement, end use monitoring, export 
                licensing, watch lists, and related areas;
                    (B) the cost-savings associated with integration of 
                export licensing staffs and the promulgation of 
                integrated export control regulations; and
                    (C) the resultant rationalization of budgetary 
                resources to be authorized among the responsible 
                departments and agencies of the United States 
                Government;
            (6) establish the necessary departmental and inter-agency 
        controls that will ensure legitimate exports by United States 
        business organizations can be readily identified and generally 
        approved within 10 days, but no later than 30 days in more 
        complex cases, except in unusual circumstances, such as those 
        requiring congressional notification or foreign government 
        assurances;
            (7) review and revise, where appropriate, plans for 
        modernizing information technology systems of the relevant 
        departments and agencies of the Government of the United States 
        involved in export licensing, export enforcement, and screening 
        of involved private parties to ensure efficient, reliable, and 
        secure intra-governmental networks, at the earliest practicable 
        date among the relevant departments and agencies and United 
        States exporters; and
            (8) develop a strategy for strengthening the multilateral 
        control regimes or developing new regimes, as appropriate, to 
        augment or supplement existing international arrangements.
    (c) Report by Comptroller General.--Not later than one year, two 
years, and three years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that contains--
            (1) an independent assessment of progress made by the Board 
        in carrying out its functions under paragraphs (1) through (8) 
        of subsection (b);
            (2) the budgetary impact of each of the recommendations 
        prepared under subsection (b)(5) and any additional 
        recommendations prepared by the Comptroller General and the 
        budgetary impact of such recommendations; and
            (3) a certification as to whether the Comptroller General 
        had access to sufficient information to enable the Comptroller 
        General to make informed judgments on the matters covered by 
        the report.

SEC. 713. AUTHORIZATION FOR ADDITIONAL LICENSE AND COMPLIANCE OFFICERS.

    (a) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
section 101 of this Act, up to $13,000,000 shall be available for each 
of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for salaries and expenses related to 
the assignment of additional full time license and compliance officers 
in the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls of the Department of 
State.
    (b) Notification.--None of the funds authorized under subsection 
(a) may be made available until 15 days after the date on which the 
Secretary of State submits a written report to the congressional 
committees specified in section 634A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C.2394-1(a)) in accordance with the procedures 
applicable to reprogramming notifications under such section, which 
sets forth the plans and timetable of the Department of State for 
measurable improvements in the quality and timeliness of the service it 
provides in support of United States Armed Forces abroad and routine 
exports by United States business organizations, as well as for the 
elaboration of enhanced compliance measures appropriate to the 
heightened security environment for arms exports during the Global War 
on Terrorism.

           Subtitle C--Procedures Relating to Export Licenses

SEC. 721. TRANSPARENCY OF JURISDICTIONAL DETERMINATIONS.

    (a) Declaration of Policy.--Congress declares that the complete 
confidentiality surrounding several thousand commodity classification 
determinations made each year by the Department of Commerce pursuant to 
the Export Administration Regulations and several hundred commodity 
jurisdiction determinations made each year by the Department of State 
pursuant to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations is not 
necessary to protect legitimate proprietary interests of persons or 
their prices and customers, is not in the best interests of the 
security and foreign policy interests of the United States, is 
inconsistent with the need to ensure a level playing field for United 
States exporters, and detracts from United States efforts to promote 
greater transparency and responsibility by other countries in their 
export control systems.
    (b) Publication Requirement.--The Secretary of Commerce and the 
Secretary of State shall--
            (1) upon making a commodity classification determination or 
        a commodity jurisdiction classification, as the case may be, 
        referred to in subsection (a) in response to a request by a 
        private person, publish in the Federal Register, not later than 
        30 days after the date of the determination--
                    (A) a description of the item, including 
                performance levels or other technical characteristics 
                where appropriate,
                    (B) an explanation of whether the item is 
                controlled under the International Traffic in Arms 
                Regulations or the Export Administration Regulations, 
                and
                    (C) the United States Munitions List designation or 
                export control classification number under which the 
                item has been designated or classified, as the case may 
                be,
        except that the name of the name of the person, the person's 
        business organization, customers, or prices are not required to 
        be published; and
            (2) maintain on their respective Internet websites an 
        archive, that is accessible to the general public and other 
        departments and agencies of the United States, of the 
        determinations published in the Federal Register under 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
Commerce shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
joint report that contains a description of the plans to implement the 
requirements of this section.
    (d) Requirement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
beginning 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Commerce may make a commodity classification determination 
referred to in subsection (a), and the Secretary of State may make a 
commodity jurisdiction determination referred to in subsection (a), in 
response to a request by a private person only in in accordance with 
the requirements of subsection (b).

SEC. 722. CERTIFICATIONS RELATING TO EXPORT OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ARTICLES 
                    AND DEFENSE SERVICES.

    (a) Reports on Commercial and Governmental Military Exports; 
Congressional Action.--Section 36(c) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
U.S.C. 2776(c)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence of paragraph (1), by inserting 
        after ``$1,000,000 or more'' the following: ``, or, 
        notwithstanding section 27(g) of this Act, for any special 
        comprehensive authorization under sections 120-130 of title 22, 
        Code of Federal Regulations (commonly known as the 
        `International Traffic in Arms Regulations') for the export of 
        defense articles or defense services in an aggregate amount of 
        $100,000,000 or more'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (B); and
            (3) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
        (5), by inserting ``or paragraph (2)'' after ``paragraph (1)''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department of State should revise its procedures in order to improve 
the timeliness and quality of service it is providing to United States 
exporters concerning matters requiring notification to Congress under 
sections 3 and 36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2753 and 
2776) by--
            (1) expediting its internal and interagency processes such 
        that consultations with the Committee on International 
        Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate commence not later than 30 days 
        following receipt of a proposal requiring notification;
            (2) providing informal notice to such Committees within 10 
        days of receipt of such a proposal, such that questions by the 
        Committees may be addressed wherever feasible in conjunction 
        with the Department's processing; and
            (3) making each interval in the processing of the proposal 
        transparent to United States exporters through the Internet 
        website of the Department.

SEC. 723. PRIORITY FOR UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    The Secretary of State may not accord higher priority in the 
adjudication of munitions export licenses to any measure included 
within the ``Defense Trade Security Initiative'' announced by the 
Department of State in May 2000 over the processing of licenses in 
support of Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, or any 
other military operation involving the United States Armed Forces.

SEC. 724. LICENSE OFFICER STAFFING AND WORKLOAD.

    Section 36(a) Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2776(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (11), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (12), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(13) a report on the number of civilian and military 
        officers assigned to munitions export licensing at the 
        Department of State and their average weekly workload for both 
        open and closed cases.''.

SEC. 725. DATABASE OF UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE.

    Section 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2415) 
is amended by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Availability of Report Information on the Internet.--
            ``(1) Requirement for database.--The Secretary of State, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall make 
        available to the public the unclassified portion of each such 
        report in the form of a database that is available via the 
        Internet and that may be searched by various criteria.
            ``(2) Schedule for updating.--Not later than April 1 of 
        each year, the Secretary of State shall make available in the 
        database the information contained in the annual report for the 
        fiscal year ending the previous September 30.''.

SEC. 726. TRAINING AND LIAISON FOR SMALL BUSINESSES.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that it is 
increasingly important that the Secretary of State, in administering 
the licensing, registration, compliance, and other authorities 
contained in section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2778), should provide up-to-date training and other educational 
assistance to small businesses in the United States aerospace and 
defense industrial sector.
    (b) Small Business Liaison.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall designate, within the 
Office of Defense Trade Controls of the Department of State, a 
coordinator for small business affairs. The coordinator shall serve as 
a liaison for small businesses in the United States aerospace and 
defense industrial sector with respect to licensing and registration 
requirements in order to facilitate the compliance and other forms of 
participation by such small businesses in the United States munitions 
control system, including by providing training, technical assistance, 
and through other efforts as may be appropriate.

SEC. 727. COMMERCIAL COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE TECHNICAL DATA.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense, shall amend the International Traffic in Arms Regulations to 
provide for the export without a license of communications satellite 
technical data, at a level established by the Secretary of Defense, in 
instances in which--
            (1) the exporter is a person registered under section 38(b) 
        of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(b));
            (2) the purpose of the export is to market a sale of a 
        United States manufactured communications satellite solely for 
        commercial or civil end use;
            (3) no party to the transaction is proscribed under section 
        126.1 of the Regulations or otherwise restricted from receiving 
        United States defense articles; and
            (4) each end user or recipient has agreed in writing not to 
        reexport or retransfer the United States furnished technical 
        data to any other person without the prior written consent of 
        the United States Government.

SEC. 728. REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR UNLICENSED EXPORTS.

     Section 655(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2415(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) were exported without a license under section 38 of 
        the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) pursuant to an 
        exemption established under the International Traffic in Arms 
        Regulations, other than defense articles exported in 
        furtherance of a letter of offer and acceptance under the 
        Foreign Military Sales program or a technical assistance or 
        manufacturing license agreement, including the specific 
        exemption provision in the regulation under which the export 
        was made.''.

    Subtitle D--Terrorist-Related Provisions and Enforcement Matters

SEC. 731. SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO FOREIGN PERSONS LOCATED 
                    WITHIN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Weapons Transfers.--Pursuant to regulations issued under 
section 38(g)(6) of the Arms Export Control (22 U.S.C. 2778(g)(6)), the 
President shall require a license for the transfer of any defense 
articles and defense services, other than a firearm for personal use, 
specified in a report required under subsection (c) to a foreign person 
located within the United States (other than to a foreign government, 
unless such government is proscribed under section 126.1 of the 
International Traffic in Arms Regulations or otherwise restricted from 
receiving defense articles and defense services).
    (b) Dual Use Transfers.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the President may require a license under the Export 
Administration Regulations for the transfer of any dual use goods and 
technology, other than a firearm for personal use, specified in a 
report required under subsection (c) to a foreign person located within 
the United States.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State, 
in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report that specifies those items which warrant scrutiny and 
enforcement by the Government of the United States through license 
procedures prior to a transfer to a foreign person located within the 
United States in order to deter efforts on the part of such person to 
acquire such items for terrorist or other unlawful purposes

SEC. 732. CERTIFICATION CONCERNING EXEMPT WEAPONS TRANSFERS ALONG THE 
                    NORTHERN BORDER OF THE UNITED STATES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a written report certifying that--
            (1) provisions of the International Traffic in Arms 
        Regulations permitting unlicensed temporary imports into the 
        United States from Canada by any person of any unclassified 
        defense article on the United States Munitions List do not 
        present a risk to the national security of the United States; 
        and
            (2) personnel of the Bureau of Customs and Border 
        Protection of the Department of Homeland Security located along 
        the northern border of the United States have adequate written 
        guidance from the Department of State which permits them to 
        effectively enforce provisions of the International Traffic in 
        Arms Regulations permitting unlicensed exports to Canada of 
        certain items on the United States Munitions List.

SEC. 733. COMPREHENSIVE NATURE OF UNITED STATES ARMS EMBARGOES.

    (a) Findings; Sense of Congress.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                    (A) governments to which the Government of the 
                United States prohibits by law or policy the transfer 
                of implements of war, including material, components, 
                parts, and other defense articles and defense services 
                (as defined in paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 47 of 
                the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794(3) and 
                (4)), respectively) continue to seek to evade these 
                embargoes through increasingly sophisticated illegal 
                acquisitions via the ``international gray arms market'' 
                and by seeking to exploit weaknesses in the export 
                control system of the United States and its friends and 
                allies; and
                    (B) the strict and comprehensive application of 
                arms embargoes referred to in subparagraph (A), 
                including those embargoes established by the United 
                Nations Security Council, is of fundamental importance 
                to the security and foreign policy interests of the 
                United States.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the United States Government should continue to provide a 
        leadership role internationally in ensuring the effectiveness 
        of arms embargoes referred to in paragraph (1).
    (b) Scope of Embargoes.--Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act 
(22 U.S.C. 2778) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(k) Whenever the United States maintains an arms embargo pursuant 
to United States law, or through public notice by the President or 
Secretary of State pursuant to the authorities of this Act, no defense 
article or defense service subject to sections 120-130 of title 22, 
Code of Federal Regulations (commonly known as the `International 
Traffic in Arms Regulations') and no dual use good or technology 
subject to sections 730-774 of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations 
(commonly known as the `Export Administration Regulations') shall be 
sold or transferred to the military, intelligence or other security 
forces of the embargoed government, including any associated 
governmental agency, subdivision, entity, or other person acting on 
their behalf, unless, at a minimum and without prejudice to any 
additional requirements established in United States law or regulation, 
the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense have concurred in 
the sale or transfer through issuance of a license.''.
    (c) Establishment of Controls.--The Secretary of State shall 
consult with the Secretary of Commerce to ensure the establishment of 
appropriate foreign policy and national security controls and license 
requirements under the Export Administration Regulations in order to 
ensure the effective implementation of section 38(k) of the Arms Export 
Control Act, as added by subsection (b).
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that describes the 
actions taken to implement the requirements of subsection (c).

SEC. 734. CONTROL OF ITEMS ON MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME ANNEX.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that all 
proposals to export or transfer to foreign persons by other means, 
whether in the United States or abroad, and any other activities 
subject to regulation under section 38, 39, or 40 of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778, 2779, or 2780), relating to items on the 
Missile Technology Control Regime Annex, should be accorded stringent 
control and scrutiny consistent with the purposes of section 71 of the 
Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797).
    (b) Control of Items on MTCR Annex.--The Secretary of State, in 
coordination with the Secretary of Commerce, the Attorney General, and 
the Secretary of Defense, shall ensure that all items on the MTCR Annex 
are subject to stringent control by the Government of the United States 
pursuant to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations and the 
Export Administration Regulations.
    (c) Certification.--Not later than March 1 of each year, the 
Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce, the 
Attorney General and the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that contains--
            (1) a certification that the requirement of subsection (b) 
        has been met for the prior year, or if the requirement has not 
        been met, the reasons therefor; and
            (2) a description of the updated coverage, if any, of the 
        regulations referred to in subsection (b) with respect to all 
        items on the MTCR Annex and an explanation of any areas of 
        overlap or omissions, if any, among the regulations.

SEC. 735. UNLAWFUL USE OF UNITED STATES DEFENSE ARTICLES.

    (a) Ineligibility for Terrorist Related Transactions.--Section 
3(c)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2753(c)(1)) is 
amended--
            (1) in each of subparagraphs (A) and (B), by striking ``or 
        any predecessor Act,'' and inserting ``any predecessor Act, or 
        licensed or approved under section 38 of this Act, to carry out 
        a transaction with a country, the government of which the 
        Secretary of State has determined is a state sponsor of 
        international terrorism for purposes of section 6(j)(1) of the 
        Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)), 
        or otherwise uses such defense articles or defense services''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(C) In this section, the term `transaction' means the taking of 
any action, directly or indirectly, by a foreign country that would be 
a transaction prohibited by section 40 of this Act with respect to the 
United States Government and United States persons.''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Section 3(e) of the Arms Export Control 
Act (22 U.S.C. 2753(e)) is amended by inserting after ``the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961,'' the following: ``regardless of whether the 
article or service has been sold or otherwise furnished by the United 
States Government or licensed under section 38 of this Act,''.

  Subtitle E--Strengthening United States Missile Nonproliferation Law

SEC. 741. PROBATIONARY PERIOD FOR FOREIGN PERSONS.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon 
the expiration, or the granting of a waiver, on or after January 1, 
2003, of sanctions against a foreign person imposed under section 73(a) 
of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797b(a)) or under section 
11B(b)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
2410b(b)(1)), as continued in effect under the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act, a license shall be required, for a period of not 
less than three years, for the export to that foreign person of all 
items controlled for export under section 5 or 6 of the Export 
Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2404, 2405), as continued in 
effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, in 
accordance with the Export Administration Regulations.
    (b) Termination.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a foreign 
person 30 days after the President notifies the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate that the President has determined 
that--
            (1) the foreign person has--
                    (A) ceased all activity related to the original 
                imposition of sanctions under section 73(a) of the Arms 
                Export Control Act or section 11B(b)(1) of the Export 
                Administration Act of 1979, as the case may be; and
                    (B) has instituted a program of transparency 
                measures under which the United States will be able to 
                verify, for a period of at least 3 years, that the 
                foreign person is not engaging in prohibited activities 
                under those provisions of law referred to in paragraph 
                (1); and
            (2) there has been an appropriate resolution of the 
        original violation or violations, such as financial penalties, 
        incarceration, destruction of prohibited items, or other 
        appropriate measures taken to prevent a recurrence of the 
        violation or violations.
    (c) Waiver.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a foreign person 
if--
            (1) the President issues a waiver of sanctions imposed upon 
        that person under section 73(a) of the Arms Export Control Act 
        or under section 11B(b)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 
        1979, on the basis that the waiver is essential to the national 
        security of the United States;
            (2) the President designates the waiver as classified 
        information (as defined in section 606 of the National Security 
        Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 426)); and
            (3) the President transmits to the committees referred to 
        in subsection (b)--
                    (A) a justification for designating the waiver as 
                classified information; and
                    (B) a description of--
                            (i) any discussions with the foreign 
                        person, concerning the activities that were the 
                        subject of the sanctions, that have been 
                        conducted by United States Government 
                        officials, or by officials of the government of 
                        the country that has jurisdiction over the 
                        foreign person or in which the foreign person 
                        conducted such activities; and
                            (ii) any actions that the foreign person, 
                        or the government of the country that has 
                        jurisdiction over the foreign person or in 
                        which the foreign person conducted the 
                        activities that were the subject of the 
                        sanctions, has taken to prevent a recurrence of 
                        the same or similar activities.

SEC. 742. STRENGTHENING UNITED STATES MISSILE PROLIFERATION SANCTIONS 
                    ON FOREIGN PERSONS.

    (a) Arms Export Control Act.--Section 73(a)(2) of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797b(a)(2)) is amended by striking ``2 years'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``4 years''.
    (b) Public Information.--Section 73(e)(2) of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797b(e)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentences: ``Such report may be classified only to the 
extent necessary to protect intelligence sources and methods. If the 
report is so classified, the President shall make every effort to 
acquire sufficient alternative information that would allow a 
subsequent unclassified version of the report to be issued.''.
    (c) Export Administration Act of 1979.--Any sanction imposed on a 
foreign person under section 11B(b)(1) of the Export Administration Act 
of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2410b(b)(1)), as continued in effect under the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act, shall be in effect for a 
period of four years beginning on the date on which the sanction was 
imposed.
    (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
and the provisions of subsection (c) shall apply to all sanctions 
imposed under section 73(a) of the Arms Export Control Act or section 
11B(b)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as continued in 
effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, by reason 
of acts giving rise to such sanctions that were committed by foreign 
persons on or after January 1, 2004.

SEC. 743. COMPREHENSIVE UNITED STATES MISSILE PROLIFERATION SANCTIONS 
                    ON ALL RESPONSIBLE FOREIGN PERSONS.

    (a) Arms Export Control Act.--Section 73(a) of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797b(a)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) Sanctions imposed upon a foreign person under paragraph 
(2) shall also be imposed on any governmental entity that the President 
determines exercises effective control over, benefits from, or directly 
or indirectly facilitates the activities of that foreign person.
    ``(B) When a sanction is imposed on a foreign person under 
paragraph (2), the President may also impose that sanction on any other 
person or entity that the President has reason to believe has or may 
acquire prohibited items with the intent to transfer to that foreign 
person, or provide to that foreign person access to, such items. In 
this subparagraph, `prohibited items' are items that may not be 
exported to that foreign person on account of the sanction imposed on 
that foreign person.
    ``(C) The President may also prohibit, for such period of time as 
the President may determine, any transaction or dealing, by a United 
States person or within the United States, with any foreign person on 
whom sanctions have been imposed under this subsection.
    ``(D) The President shall report on an annual basis to the 
Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate the identity of 
any foreign person that engages in any transaction or activity with a 
foreign person on whom sanctions have been imposed under this 
subsection that either--
            ``(i) would be the basis for imposing sanctions under 
        subparagraph (B) but for which sanctions have not been imposed; 
        or
            ``(ii) would be the basis for imposing sanctions under 
        subparagraph (C) if the transaction or activity had been 
        carried out by a United States person or by a person in the 
        United States.
Such report shall be unclassified to the maximum extent feasible, but 
may include a classified annex.''.
    (b) Definition of Person.--Section 74(a)(8)(A) of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2797c(a)(8)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(8)(A) The term `person' means--
                            ``(i) a natural person;
                            ``(ii) a corporation, business association, 
                        partnership, society, trust, transnational 
                        corporation, or transnational joint venture, 
                        any other nongovernmental entity, organization, 
                        or group, and any governmental entity;
                            ``(iii) any subsidiary, subunit, or parent 
                        entity of any business enterprise or other 
                        organization or entity listed in clause (ii); 
                        and
                            ``(iv) any successor of any business 
                        enterprise or other organization or entity 
                        listed in clause (ii) or (iii); and''.
    (c) Export Administration Act of 1979.--
            (1) Sanctions imposed on governmental entities.--Any 
        sanction imposed on a foreign person under section 11B(b)(1)(B) 
        of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
        2410b(b)(1)(B)), as continued in effect under the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (in this subsection referred to 
        as a ``dual use sanction''), shall also be imposed on any 
        governmental entity that the President determines exercises 
        effective control over, benefits from, or directly or 
        indirectly facilitates the activities of that foreign person.
            (2) Other entities.--When a dual use sanction is imposed on 
        a foreign person, the President may also impose that sanction 
        on any other person or entity that the President has reason to 
        believe has or may acquire prohibited items with the intent to 
        transfer to that foreign person, or provide to that foreign 
        person access to, such items. In this paragraph, ``prohibited 
        items'' are items that may not be exported to that foreign 
        person on account of the dual use sanction imposed on that 
        foreign person.
            (3) Transactions by third parties.--The President may also 
        prohibit, for such period of time as he may determine, any 
        transaction or dealing, by a United States person or within the 
        United States, with any foreign person on whom dual use 
        sanctions have been imposed.
            (4) Report.--The President shall submit on an annual basis 
        to the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban 
        Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a 
        report that contains the identity of any foreign person that 
        engages in any transaction or activity with a foreign person on 
        whom dual use sanctions have been imposed that either--
                    (A) would be the basis for imposing dual use 
                sanctions under paragraph (2) but for which such 
                sanctions have not been imposed; or
                    (B) would be the basis for imposing dual use 
                sanctions under paragraph (3) if the transaction or 
                activity had been carried out by a United States person 
                or by a person in the United States.
        Such report shall be unclassified to the maximum extent 
        feasible, but may include a classified annex.
            (5) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Missile equipment or technology.--The term 
                ``missile equipment or technology'' has the meaning 
                given that term in section 11B(c) of the Export 
                Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2410b(c)).
                    (B) Person.--
                            (i) The term ``person'' means--
                                    (I) a natural person;
                                    (II) a corporation, business 
                                association, partnership, society, 
                                trust, transnational corporation, or 
                                transnational joint venture, any other 
                                nongovernmental entity, organization, 
                                or group, and any governmental entity;
                                    (III) any subsidiary, subunit, or 
                                parent entity of any business 
                                enterprise or other organization or 
                                entity listed in subclause (II); and
                                    (IV) any successor of any business 
                                enterprise or other organization or 
                                entity listed in subclause (II) or 
                                (III).
                            (ii) In the case of countries where it may 
                        be impossible to identify a specific 
                        governmental entity referred to in clause (i), 
                        the term ``person'' means--
                                    (I) all activities of that 
                                government relating to the development 
                                or production of any missile equipment 
                                or technology; and
                                    (II) all activities of that 
                                government affecting the development or 
                                production of aircraft, electronics, 
                                and space systems or equipment.
                    (C) United states person.--The term ``United States 
                person'' has the meaning given that term in section 
                16(2) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
                U.S.C. App. 2415(2)).
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall apply with respect to sanctions imposed on or after January 1, 
2004, on foreign persons under section 73(a)(2) of the Arms Export 
Control Act, and the provisions of subsection (c) shall apply with 
respect to sanctions imposed on or after January 1, 2004, on foreign 
persons under section 11B(b)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 
1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2410b(b)(1)), as continued in effect under the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act.

         Subtitle F--Security Assistance and Related Provisions

SEC. 751. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER NAVAL VESSELS TO CERTAIN FOREIGN 
                    COUNTRIES.

    (a) Authority to Transfer by Grant.--The President is authorized to 
transfer vessels to foreign countries on a grant basis under section 
516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j), as 
follows:
            (1) Greece.--To the Government of Greece, the OSPREY class 
        minehunter coastal ship PELICAN (MHC-53).
            (2) Egypt.--To the Government of Egypt, the OSPREY class 
        minehunter coastal ships CARDINAL (MHC-60) and RAVEN (MHC-61).
            (3) Pakistan.--To the Government of Pakistan, the SPRUANCE 
        class destroyer ship FLETCHER (DD-992).
            (4) Turkey.--To the Government of Turkey, the SPRUANCE 
        class destroyer ship CUSHING (DD-985).
    (b) Authority to Transfer by Sale.--The President is authorized to 
transfer vessels to foreign countries on a sale basis under section 21 
of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761), as follows:
            (1) India.--To the Government of India, the AUSTIN class 
        amphibious transport dock ship TRENTON (LPD-14).
            (2) Greece.--To the Government of Greece, the OSPREY class 
        minehunter coastal ship HERON (MHC-52).
            (3) Turkey.--To the Government of Turkey, the SPRUANCE 
        class destroyer ship O'BANNON (DD-987).
    (c) Grants not Counted in Annual Total of Transferred Excess 
Defense Articles.--The value of a vessel transferred to another country 
on a grant basis pursuant to authority provided by subsection (a) shall 
not be counted against the aggregate value of excess defense articles 
transferred to countries in any fiscal year under section 516(g) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j(g)).
    (d) Costs of Transfers.--Any expense incurred by the United States 
in connection with a transfer authorized under subsection (a) or (b) 
shall be charged to the recipient.
    (e) Repair and Refurbishment in United States Shipyards.--To the 
maximum extent practicable, the President shall require, as a condition 
of the transfer of a vessel under this section, that the country to 
which the vessel is transferred have such repair or refurbishment of 
the vessel as is needed, before the vessel joins the naval forces of 
that country, performed at a shipyard located in the United States, 
including a United States Navy shipyard.
    (f) Expiration of Authority.--The authority to transfer a vessel 
under this section shall expire at the end of the two-year period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 752. TRANSFER OF OBSOLETE AND SURPLUS ITEMS FROM KOREAN WAR 
                    RESERVES STOCKPILE AND REMOVAL OR DISPOSAL OF 
                    REMAINING ITEMS.

    (a) Transfer of Items in Korean Stockpile.--
            (1) Authority.--Notwithstanding section 514 of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h), the President is 
        authorized to transfer to the Republic of Korea, in return for 
        concessions to be negotiated by the Secretary of Defense, any 
        or all of the items described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Covered items.--The items referred to in paragraph (1) 
        are munitions, equipment, and materiel such as tanks, trucks, 
        artillery, mortars, general purpose bombs, repair parts, 
        barrier material, and ancillary equipment, if such items are--
                    (A) obsolete or surplus items;
                    (B) in the inventory of the Department of Defense;
                    (C) intended for use as reserve stocks for the 
                Republic of Korea; and
                    (D) as of the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                located in a stockpile in the Republic of Korea.
            (3) Valuation of concessions.--(A) The value of concessions 
        negotiated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be at least equal 
        to--
                    (i) the fair market value of the items transferred; 
                minus
                    (ii) the savings to the Department of Defense of 
                the cost of removal of the items from the Republic of 
                Korea and disposal of the items that would have been 
                incurred by the Department but for the transfer of the 
                items pursuant to paragraph (1), not to exceed the fair 
                market value of the items transferred.
            (B) The concessions may include cash compensation, service, 
        waiver of charges otherwise payable by the United States, such 
        as charges for demolition of United States-owned or United 
        States-intended munitions, and other items of value.
            (4) Prior notifications of proposed transfers.--Not less 
        than 30 days before making a transfer under the authority of 
        this subsection, the President shall transmit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services and International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committees on Armed Services and 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate a detailed notification of the 
        proposed transfer, which shall include an identification of the 
        items to be transferred and the concessions to be received.
            (5) Termination of authority.--No transfer may be made 
        under the authority of this subsection more than three years 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Removal or Disposal of Remaining Items in Korean Stockpile.--
The President shall provide for the removal or disposal of all items 
described in subsection (a)(2) that are not transferred pursuant to the 
authority of subsection (a) by not later than four years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 753. EXTENSION OF PAKISTAN WAIVERS.

    The Act entitled ``An Act to authorize the President to exercise 
waivers of foreign assistance restrictions with respect to Pakistan 
through September 30, 2003, and for other purposes'', approved October 
27, 2001 (Public Law 107-57; 115 Stat. 403), is amended--
            (1) in section 1(b)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal Years 2005 
                and 2006'' and inserting ``Fiscal Years 2006 and 
                2007''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2005 or 2006'' 
                and inserting ``2006 or 2007'';
            (2) in section 3(2), by striking ``and 2006'' and inserting 
        ``2006, and 2007''; and
            (3) in section 6, by striking ``2006'' and inserting 
        ``2007''.

SEC. 754. REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING.

    Subsection (a)(1) of section 656 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2416) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``January 31'' and inserting ``March 1''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``and all such training proposed for the 
        current fiscal year''.

SEC. 755. CERTAIN SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE UNITED STATES IN CONNECTION 
                    WITH FOREIGN MILITARY SALES.

    (a) Quality Assurance, Inspection, Contract Administration, and 
Contract Audit Defense Services.--Section 21(h)(1)(A) of the Arms 
Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761(h)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting 
after ``North Atlantic Treaty Organization'' the following: ``or the 
Governments of Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or Israel''.
    (b) Cataloging Data and Services.--Section 21(h)(2) of the Arms 
Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761(h)(2)) is amended by striking ``or 
to any member government of that Organization if that Organization or 
member government'' and inserting ``, to any member of that 
Organization, or to the Governments of Australia, New Zealand, Japan, 
or Israel if that Organization, member government, or the Governments 
of Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or Israel''.

SEC. 756. MARITIME INTERDICTION PATROL BOATS FOR MOZAMBIQUE.

    (a) In General.--Of the amounts made available to carry out section 
23 of the Arms Export Control Act for fiscal year 2006, there is 
authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 for refurbishment, delivery, 
operational training, and related costs associated with the provision 
of not more than four excess coastal patrol boats to the Government of 
Mozambique for maritime patrol and interdiction activities.
    (b) Availability.--Amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations under subsection (a) are authorized to 
remain available until September 30, 2007.

SEC. 757. REIMBURSEMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND 
                    TRAINING.

    Section 541 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347) 
is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``The President'' 
        and inserting ``(a) The President''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) The President shall seek reimbursement for military education 
and training furnished under this chapter from countries using 
assistance under section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2763; relating to the the Foreign Military Financing Program) to 
purchase such military education and training at a rate comparable to 
the rate charged to countries receiving grant assistance for military 
education and training under this chapter.''.

            TITLE VIII--NUCLEAR BLACK MARKET ELIMINATION ACT

SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Nuclear Black Market Elimination 
Act of 2005''.

      Subtitle A--Sanctions for Transfers of Nuclear Enrichment, 
Reprocessing, and Weapons Technology, Equipment and Materials Involving 
                     Foreign Persons and Terrorists

SEC. 811. AUTHORITY TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS ON FOREIGN PERSONS.

    (a) Determination of Nuclear Activities by Foreign Persons.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President is authorized 
to impose any or all of the sanctions described in subsection (b) 
whenever the President determines that a foreign person participated, 
on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, in the export, 
transfer or trade of--
            (1) nuclear enrichment or reprocessing equipment, 
        materials, or technology to any nonnuclear-weapon state (as 
        defined in section 102(c) of the Arms Export Control Act) 
        that--
                    (A) does not possess functioning nuclear enrichment 
                or reprocessing plants as of January 1, 2004; and
                    (B)(i) does not have in force an additional 
                protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency 
                for the application of safeguards (as derived from IAEA 
                document INFCIRC/540 and related corrections and 
                additions); or
                    (ii) is developing, manufacturing, or acquiring a 
                nuclear explosive device; or
            (2) any nuclear explosive device, or design information or 
        component, equipment, materials, or other items or technology 
        that--
                    (A) is designated for national export controls 
                under the Nuclear Supplier Group Guidelines for the 
                Export of Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology 
                (published by the International Atomic Energy Agency as 
                IAEA document INFICRC/254/Rev. 6/Part 1 and subsequent 
                revisions) and the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-
                Related Dual-Use Equipment, Material, and Related 
                Technology (published as IAEA document INFCIRC/254/Rev. 
                5/ Part 2 and subsequent revisions); and
                    (B) contributes to the development, manufacture, or 
                acquisition of a nuclear explosive device by--
                            (i) a nonnuclear weapon state; or
                            (ii) a foreign person.
    (b) Sanctions.--The sanctions referred to in subsection (a) that 
are to be imposed on a foreign person are the following:
            (1) No assistance may be provided to the foreign person 
        under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and the foreign 
        person may not participate in any assistance program of the 
        United States Government. Any such assistance being provided to 
        the foreign person, and any participation in such assistance 
        program by the foreign person, on the date on which the 
        sanction under this paragraph is imposed, shall be terminated 
        as of such date.
            (2) The United States Government may not sell any defense 
        articles, defense services, or design or construction services 
        to the foreign person under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        or the Arms Export Control Act, and any contract to sell such 
        articles or services, under either such Act, that is in effect 
        on the date on which the sanction under this paragraph is 
        imposed, shall be terminated as of such date.
            (3) Licenses or any other approval may not be issued to the 
        foreign person for the export or import of any defense articles 
        or defense services under the Arms Export Control Act or its 
        implementing regulations. Any such license or approval that is 
        in effect on the on the date on which the sanction under this 
        paragraph is imposed, shall be terminated as of such date.
            (4) Licenses or any other approval may not be issued to the 
        foreign person for the export of any goods or technology 
        subject to the jurisdiction of the Export Administration 
        Regulations under chapter VII of title 15, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or successor regulations), other than food and 
        other agricultural commodities, medicines and medical 
        equipment. Any such license or approval that is in effect on 
        the on the date on which the sanction under this paragraph is 
        imposed, shall be terminated as of such date.
    (c) Period Sanctions in Effect.--The sanctions referred to in 
subsection (b) should be imposed for not less than two years, but may 
be imposed for longer periods. The President may suspend after one year 
any sanction imposed pursuant to this section 15 days after submitting 
to the appropriate congressional committees a report explaining--
            (1) the reasons for modifying or terminating the sanction;
            (2) how the purposes of this Act and United States national 
        security are furthered by such modification or termination; and
            (3) what measures the United States will take or is taking 
        to ensure that the foreign person will not engage in similar 
        activities in the future.

SEC. 812. PRESIDENTIAL NOTIFICATION ON ACTIVITIES OF FOREIGN PERSONS.

    (a) Reports to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after enactment 
of this Act and no later than January 31 of each year thereafter, the 
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report detailing any activity by any foreign person described in 
section 811. This report shall also include a description of any 
sanctions that have been imposed and their duration.
    (b) Publication.--When the President imposes sanctions under 
section 811, the President shall, to the maximum extent unclassified, 
publish in the Federal Register, not later than 15 days after reporting 
such sanctions to the appropriate congressional committees under 
subsection (a), the identity of each sanctioned foreign person, the 
period for which sanctions will be in effect, and the reasons for the 
sanctions.

   Subtitle B--Further Actions Against Corporations Associated With 
                       Sanctioned Foreign Persons

SEC. 821. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds the following:
            (1) Foreign persons and corporations engaging in nuclear 
        black-market activities are motivated by reasons of commercial 
        gain and profit.
            (2) Sanctions targeted solely against the business 
        interests of the sanctioned person or business concern may be 
        unsuccessful in halting these proliferation activities, as the 
        sanctions may be seen merely as the cost of doing business, 
        especially if the business interests of the parent or 
        subsidiary corporate entities are unaffected by the sanctions.
            (3) Such narrow targeting of sanctions creates the 
        incentive to create shell and ``carve-out'' corporate entities 
        to perform the proliferation activities and attract sanctions, 
        leaving all other aspects of the larger corporation unaffected.
            (4) To dissuade corporations from allowing their associated 
        commercial entities or persons from engaging in proliferation 
        black-market activities, they must also be made to suffer 
        financial loss and commercial disadvantage, and parent and 
        subsidiary commercial enterprises must be held responsible for 
        the proliferation activities of their associated entities.
            (5) If a corporation perceives that the United States 
        Government will do everything possible to make its commercial 
        activity difficult around the world, then that corporation has 
        a powerful commercial incentive to prevent any further 
        proliferation activity by its associated entities.
            (6) Therefore, the United States Government should seek to 
        increase the risk of commercial loss for associated corporate 
        entities for the proliferation actions of their subsidiaries.

SEC. 822. CAMPAIGN BY UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS.

    The President shall instruct all agencies of the United States 
Government to make every effort in their interactions with foreign 
government and business officials to persuade foreign governments and 
relevant corporations not to engage in any business transaction with a 
foreign person sanctioned under section 811, including any parent or 
subsidiary of the sanctioned foreign person, for the duration of the 
sanctions.

SEC. 823. COORDINATION.

    The Secretary of State shall coordinate the actions of the United 
States Government under section 822.

SEC. 824. REPORT.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act 
and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State shall report to the 
appropriate congressional committees on the actions taken by the United 
States to carry out section 822.

   Subtitle C--Incentives for Proliferation Interdiction Cooperation

SEC. 831. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO COOPERATIVE COUNTRIES.

    The President is authorized to provide, on such terms as the 
President considers appropriate, assistance under section 832 to any 
country that cooperates with the United States and with other countries 
allied with the United States to prevent the transport and 
transshipment of items of proliferation concern in its national 
territory or airspace or in vessels under its control or registry.

SEC. 832. TYPES OF ASSISTANCE.

    The assistance authorized under section 831 is the following:
            (1) Assistance under section 23 of the Arms Export Control 
        Act.
            (2) Assistance under chapters 4 and 5 of part II of the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
            (3) Drawdown of defense equipment and services under 
        section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

SEC. 833. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION.

    Assistance authorized under this subtitle may not be provided until 
at least 30 days after the date on which the President has provided 
notice thereof to the appropriate congressional committees, in 
accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming 
notifications under section 634A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961.

SEC. 834. LIMITATION.

    Assistance may be provided to a country under section 831 in no 
more than three fiscal years.

SEC. 835. USE OF ASSISTANCE.

    To the extent practicable, assistance provided under this subtitle 
shall be used to enhance the capability of the recipient country to 
prevent the transport and transshipment of items of proliferation 
concern in its national territory or airspace, or in vessels under its 
control or registry, including through the development of a legal 
framework in that country to enhance such capability by criminalizing 
proliferation, enacting strict export controls, and securing sensitive 
materials within its borders.

SEC. 836. LIMITATION ON SHIP OR AIRCRAFT TRANSFERS TO UNCOOPERATIVE 
                    COUNTRIES.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the United States may 
not transfer any excess defense article that is a vessel or an aircraft 
to a country that has not agreed that it will support and assist 
efforts by the United States to interdict items of proliferation 
concern until thirty days after the date on which the President has 
provided notice of the proposed transfer to the appropriate 
congressional committees in accordance with the procedures applicable 
to reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, in addition to any other requirement of law.

         Subtitle D--Rollback of Nuclear Proliferation Networks

SEC. 841. NONPROLIFERATION AS A CONDITION OF UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE.

    United States foreign assistance should only be provided to 
countries that--
            (1) are not cooperating with any non-nuclear weapon state 
        or any foreign group or individual who may be engaged in, 
        planning, or assisting international terrorism in the 
        development of a nuclear explosive device or its means of 
        delivery and are taking all necessary measures to prevent their 
        nationals and other persons and entities subject to their 
        jurisdiction from participating in such cooperation; and
            (2) are fully and completely cooperating with the United 
        States in its efforts to eliminate nuclear black-market 
        networks or activities.

SEC. 842. REPORT ON IDENTIFICATION OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION NETWORK 
                    HOST COUNTRIES.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the 
        President shall submit a report to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that--
                    (A) identifies any country in which manufacturing, 
                brokering, shipment, transshipment, or other activity 
                occurred in connection with the transactions of the 
                nuclear proliferation network that supplied Libya, 
                Iran, North Korea, and possibly other countries or 
                entities, and
                    (B) includes any additional information with 
                respect to any country and any other nuclear 
                proliferation networks or activities and the foreign 
                persons believed to be participating therein, including 
                any information relating to the participation of any 
                foreign person in the export, transfer, or trade 
                described in section 811.
            (2) Additional information.--The report under paragraph (1) 
        shall also include a description of the extent to which each 
        country described in the report is, in the opinion of the 
        President, fully cooperating with the United States in its 
        efforts to eliminate the nuclear proliferation network 
        described in paragraph (1)(A) and any other nuclear 
        proliferation networks or activities. The President shall base 
        the determination regarding a country's cooperation with the 
        United States in part on the degree to which the country has 
        satisfied United States requests for assistance and 
        information, including whether the United States has asked and 
        been granted direct investigatory access to key persons 
        involved in a nuclear proliferation network.
    (b) Classification.--Reports under this section shall be 
unclassified to the maximum extent possible.

SEC. 843. SUSPENSION OF ARMS SALES LICENSES AND DELIVERIES TO NUCLEAR 
                    PROLIFERATION NETWORK HOST COUNTRIES.

    (a) Suspension.--Upon submission of the report and any additional 
information under section 842 to the appropriate congressional 
committees, the President shall suspend all licenses issued under the 
Arms Export Control Act, and shall prohibit any licenses to be issued 
under that Act, to any country described in the report or additional 
information, until such time as the President certifies to the 
appropriate congressional committees that such country--
            (1)(A) has fully investigated or is fully investigating the 
        activities of any person or entity within its territory that 
        has participated in the nuclear proliferation network or 
        activities; and
            (B) has taken or is taking effective steps to permanently 
        halt similar illicit nuclear proliferation or acquisition 
        activities;
            (2) has been or is fully cooperating with the United States 
        and other appropriate international organizations in 
        investigating and eliminating the nuclear proliferation 
        network, any successor networks operating within its territory, 
        or other illicit proliferation and acquisition activities; and
            (3) has enacted or is enacting new laws, promulgated 
        decrees or regulations, or established practices designed to 
        prevent future such activities from occurring within its 
        territory.
    (b) Waiver.--The President may waive the requirements of subsection 
(a) in a fiscal year if--
            (1) the President has certified to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that the waiver is important to the 
        national security of the United States; and
            (2) five days have elapsed since making the certification 
        under paragraph (1).

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

SEC. 851. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Participated.--The term ``participated'' means to have 
        sold, transferred, brokered, financed, assisted, delivered or 
        otherwise provided or received, and includes any conspiracy or 
        attempt to participate in any of the preceding activities, as 
        well as facilitating such activities by any other person.
            (2) Foreign person.--The term ``foreign person'' has the 
        meaning provided in section 38(g)(9)(C) of the Arms Export 
        Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(g)(9)(C)) and includes, for 
        purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of section 811, successors, 
        assigns, subsidiaries, and subunits and other business 
        organizations or associations in which that person may be 
        deemed to have a controlling interest.
            (3) Excess defense article.--The term ``excess defense 
        article'' has the meaning given that term in section 644(g) of 
        the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2403(g)).
            (4) Items of proliferation concern.--The term ``items of 
        proliferation concern'' means any equipment, materials, or 
        technology that could materially support the research, 
        development, manufacturing, or acquisition by any means of a 
        nuclear explosive device, a chemical or biological weapon, or 
        missile with a payload of 500 kilograms or greater and with a 
        range of 300 kilometers or greater.
            (5) Person.--The term ``person''--
                    (A) means a natural person as well as a 
                corporation, business association, partnership, 
                society, trust, any other nongovernmental entity, 
                organization, or group, and any governmental entity, or 
                subsidiary, subunit, or parent entity thereof, and any 
                successor of any such entity; and
                    (B) in the case of a country where it may be 
                impossible to identify a specific governmental entity 
                referred to in subparagraph (A), means all activities 
                of that government relating to the development or 
                production of any nuclear equipment or technology.
            (6) United states foreign assistance.--The term ``United 
        States foreign assistance'' means assistance under the foreign 
        operations, export financing, and related programs 
        appropriations Act for a fiscal year, and assistance under the 
        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

                TITLE IX--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS

   Subtitle A--Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and Related Provisions

        CHAPTER 1--PART I OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961

SEC. 901. ASSISTANCE TO ESTABLISH CENTERS FOR THE TREATMENT OF 
                    OBSTETRIC FISTULA IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

    (a) Amendment.--Section 104(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151b(c)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) In carrying out the purposes of this subsection, the 
President is authorized to furnish assistance, on such terms and 
conditions as the President may determine, for the establishment and 
operation of not less than twelve centers for the treatment and 
prevention of obstetric fistula at appropriate sites in developing 
countries.
    ``(B) In selecting sites for the establishment of centers pursuant 
to subparagraph (A), the President should seek the consultation and 
advice of United States embassy officials, appropriate nongovernmental 
organizations, and local government officials in developing countries 
with high rates of obstetric fistula, with particular emphasis on 
countries in Africa.
    ``(C) Each center established pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall, 
to the maximum extent practicable, carry out the following activities:
            ``(i) The provision of surgery to repair obstetric fistula 
        in women who do not otherwise have the resources to pay for 
        such surgery and the provision of necessary post-surgery care 
        and support for such women.
            ``(ii) Assistance related to surgery and post-surgery care 
        and support described in clause (i), including the provision of 
        transportation to and from the center for women in need of such 
        transportation and the provision of necessary temporary shelter 
        and food assistance to women in need of such shelter and food 
        assistance.
            ``(iii) Activities to reduce the incidence of obstetric 
        fistula, including the conduct of appropriate seminars and the 
        dissemination of appropriate educational materials, such as 
        brochures, pamphlets, and posters.
            ``(iv) Activities to expand access to contraception 
        services for the prevention of pregnancies among women whose 
        age or health status place them at high risk of prolonged or 
        obstructed childbirth.
    ``(D) Each center established pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall, 
to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that women who suffer from 
obstetric fistula as a result of sexual abuse during conflicts or as a 
result of official abuse receive preference in receiving services 
described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (C).
    ``(E) Not later than January 31, 2008, the President shall prepare 
and transmit to Congress a report on the implementation of this 
paragraph for fiscal years 2006 and 2007.
    ``(F) In this paragraph, the term `obstetric fistula' means a 
rupture or hole in tissues surrounding a woman's vagina, bladder, or 
rectum that occurs when the woman is in obstructed childbirth for a 
prolonged period of time without adequate medical attention.''.
    (b) Funding.--Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 to carry out sections 104 and 496 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151b and 2293), $5,000,000 for each 
such fiscal year is authorized to be available to carry out section 
104(c)(4) of such Act (as added by subsection (a)).

SEC. 902. SUPPORT FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN SUB-SAHARAN 
                    AFRICA.

    Section 240 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2200) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Support for Small and Medium Enterprises in Sub-Saharan 
Africa.--
            ``(1) Support.--The Corporation is commended for its 
        activities in support of the development of small and medium 
        enterprises, and is encouraged to exercise its authorities to 
        promote investments in financial institutions that are duly 
        incorporated in sub-Saharan African countries, to the extent 
        that the purpose of such investments is to expand investment 
        and lending opportunities to small and medium enterprises 
        that--
                    ``(A) are substantially owned by nationals of sub-
                Saharan African countries; and
                    ``(B) are engaged in domestic commerce or 
                international trade in sectors such as housing, 
                agriculture, fishing, textiles and apparel, tourism, 
                electronics, technology, manufacturing, and services.
            ``(2) Consideration.--In making a determination to provide 
        insurance and financing to financial institutions referred to 
        in paragraph (1), the Corporation should take into 
        consideration the extent to which a project establishes and 
        implements a nondiscrimination in lending policy to prohibit 
        discrimination based on ethnicity, sex, color, race, religion, 
        physical disability, marital status, or age.
            ``(3) Technical assistance.--In supporting a project 
        referred to in paragraph (1), the Corporation may provide 
        technical assistance to--
                    ``(A) improve the quality of management of 
                financial institutions referred to in paragraph (1) to 
                ensure the safety and stability of such institutions;
                    ``(B) create in such financial institutions 
                effective credit risk management systems to improve the 
                quality of the assets of such institutions and the 
                ability of such institutions to research and assess the 
                overall credit risk of critical industries in the 
                domestic economy; and
                    ``(C) support effective credit risk management by 
                developing internal credit rating systems and credit 
                assessment tools that improve the ability of such 
                financial institutions to evaluate individual credit 
                worthiness and measure the overall amount of risk posed 
                by the total number of borrowers.''.

SEC. 903. ASSISTANCE TO SUPPORT DEMOCRACY IN ZIMBABWE.

    Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 
2007 to carry out chapters 1 and 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 and chapter 4 of part II of such Act, $12,000,000 for each 
such fiscal year is authorized to be available, consistent with the 
provisions of the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001 
(Public Law 107-99; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note), to support--
            (1) the restoration of democratic legitimacy and foster a 
        free and fair electoral process in Zimbabwe, particularly 
        through legislative process training for members of Parliament;
            (2) capacity building for civil society organizations to 
        effectively provide information on the political process to 
        citizens, defend the legal rights of minorities, women and 
        youth, document the level of adherence by the Government of 
        Zimbabwe to national and international civil and human rights 
        standards, and monitor and report on the entire electoral 
        process in Zimbabwe;
            (3) organizational capacity-building training for political 
        parties in Zimbabwe;
            (4) poll watcher training for party and civil society 
        election observers in Zimbabwe; and
            (5) the reestablishment of independent media through 
        overseas broadcasts and Internet sites.

SEC. 904. RESTRICTIONS ON UNITED STATES VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE 
                    UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the amounts made available for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for United States voluntary contributions to the 
United Nations Development Program, an amount equal to the amount the 
United Nations Development Program will spend in Burma during each 
fiscal year (including all funds administered by the United Nations 
Development Program in Burma) shall be withheld unless during such 
fiscal year the Secretary of State submits to the appropriate 
congressional committees the certification described in subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification referred to in subsection (a) 
is a certification by the Secretary that all programs and activities of 
the United Nations Development Program (including all programs and 
activities administered by the United Nations Development Program) in 
Burma--
            (1) are focused on eliminating human suffering and 
        addressing the needs of the poor;
            (2) are undertaken only through international or private 
        voluntary organizations that are independent of the State Peace 
        and Development Council (SPDC) (formerly the State Law and 
        Order Restoration Council or SLORC);
            (3) provide no financial, political, or military benefit, 
        including the provision of goods, services, or per diems, to 
        the SPDC or any agency or entity of, or affiliated with, the 
        SPDC, including any entity whose members are ineligible for 
        admission to the United States by reason of such membership 
        under any provision of section 212(a) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)) (including the Myanmar 
        Maternal and Child Welfare Association (MMCWA), the Myanmar 
        Council of Churches (MCC), the Myanmar Medical Association 
        (MMA), the Myanmar Women Affairs Federation (MWAF), and the 
        Union of Solidarity Development Association (USDA)); and
            (4) are carried out only after consultation with the 
        leadership of the National League for Democracy and the 
        leadership of the National Coalition Government of the Union of 
        Burma.
            (5) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act and every 180 days thereafter during 
        fiscal years 2006 and 2007, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on--
                    (A) all programs and activities of the United 
                Nations Development Program (including all programs and 
                activities administered by the United Nations 
                Development Program) in Burma; and
                    (B) all recipients and subrecipients of funds 
                provided under such programs and activities.

SEC. 905. ASSISTANCE FOR THE OFFICE OF THE POLICE OMBUDSMAN FOR 
                    NORTHERN IRELAND.

    Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 
2007 to carry out section 481 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2291), $100,000 for each such fiscal year is authorized to be 
available for--
            (1) specialized investigative training, including training 
        in the United States, of personnel of the Office of the Police 
        Ombudsman for Northern Ireland; and
            (2) advisory support to the Office of the Police Ombudsman 
        for Northern Ireland for the development and strengthening of 
        its investigative capacity in order to ensure that policing in 
        Northern Ireland is carried out in compliance with 
        internationally recognized human rights standards.

SEC. 906. REPORT ON FOREIGN LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING AND ASSISTANCE.

     Section 489(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2291h(a)), as amended by section 317(d) of this Act, is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(9)(A) A separate section on all foreign law enforcement 
        training and assistance that is provided to foreign law 
        enforcement personnel and other related governmental 
        authorities by the Department of State, the Department of 
        Defense, the Department of Justice, and the United States 
        Agency for International Development during the previous fiscal 
        year and all such training proposed for the current fiscal 
        year.
            ``(B) The section on foreign law enforcement training and 
        assistance shall include the following:
                    ``(i) For each law enforcement training activity--
                            ``(I) the purpose of the activity and the 
                        foreign policy justification for the activity;
                            ``(II) the number of foreign law 
                        enforcement personnel who are provided 
                        training, their units of operation, and 
                        countries of origin;
                            ``(III) the type of training activity;
                            ``(IV) the location of the training 
                        activity;
                            ``(V) the department or agency of the 
                        United States Government which is conducting 
                        the training, by unit or office; and
                            ``(VI) the cost of the training activity 
                        and the specific budgetary account from which 
                        the cost is paid.
                    ``(ii) For other law enforcement assistance--
                            ``(I) the purpose of the assistance and the 
                        foreign policy justification for the 
                        assistance;
                            ``(II) the type of assistance;
                            ``(III) the department or agency of the 
                        United States Government which is providing the 
                        assistance, by unit or office, where 
                        applicable; and
                            ``(IV) the cost of the assistance and the 
                        specific budgetary account from which the cost 
                        is paid.
                    ``(iii) For each country--
                            ``(I) the aggregate number of students 
                        trained;
                            ``(II) the aggregate cost of the law 
                        enforcement training and other law enforcement 
                        assistance; and
                            ``(III) a plan describing the law 
                        enforcement assistance and rule of law programs 
                        of the relevant departments and agencies of the 
                        United States Government.
            ``(C) Form.--The report required by this paragraph shall be 
        in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.''.

SEC. 907. ASSISTANCE FOR DISASTER MITIGATION EFFORTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The devastating impacts of natural disasters can be 
        mitigated by assisting communities to build in safer locations, 
        construct sturdier dwellings, enforce sound building codes and 
        practices, and protect natural ecosystems.
            (2) By 2050, two billion people are expected to be 
        especially vulnerable to floods due to growing populations, 
        indiscriminate logging, rapid urbanization, and increasing 
        development along coasts and in other hazardous regions.
            (3) According to a study by the World Bank and the United 
        States Geological Survey during the 1990s, $40 billion invested 
        in preventive measures could have saved $280 billion in 
        disaster relief funds and saved countless lives.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with the heads of other appropriate 
departments and agencies of the Government of the United States, should 
develop an initiative to encourage the use of disaster mitigation 
techniques, including techniques described in subsection (a)(1), by 
foreign governments in regions considered especially vulnerable to 
natural disasters.
    (c) Amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.--Section 
491(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2292(b)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Assistance 
relating to disaster preparedness under the preceding sentence shall 
include assistance to encourage the use of disaster mitigation 
techniques, including to assist communities to build in safer 
locations, construct sturdier dwellings, enforce sound building codes 
and practices, and protect natural ecosystems.''.

SEC. 908. ASSISTANCE TO PROMOTE DEMOCRACY IN BELARUS.

    Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 
2007 to carry out chapters 11 and 12 of part I of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2295 et seq. and 2296 et seq.) and 
the FREEDOM Support Act (22 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.), $12,000,000 for each 
such fiscal year is authorized to be available for assistance for the 
promotion of democracy in the Republic of Belarus, including free and 
fair electoral processes, the development of political parties and 
nongovernmental organizations, promoting democracy and respect for 
human rights and the rule of law, independent media, and international 
exchanges and training programs for leaders and members of the 
democratic forces that foster civil society.

SEC. 909. ASSISTANCE FOR MATERNAL AND PRENATAL CARE FOR CERTAIN 
                    INDIVIDUALS OF BELARUS AND UKRAINE INVOLVED IN THE 
                    CLEANUP OF THE CHORNOBYL DISASTER.

    Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 
2007 to carry out chapters 11 and 12 of part I of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2295 et seq. and 2296 et seq.) and 
the FREEDOM Support Act (22 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.), such sums as may be 
necessary for each such fiscal year are authorized to be available for 
assistance to improve maternal and prenatal care, especially for the 
purpose of helping prevent birth defects and pregnancy complications, 
for individuals in the Republic of Belarus and Ukraine involved in the 
cleanup of the region affected by the Chornobyl disaster.

SEC. 910. ASSISTANCE TO ADDRESS NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN FOREIGN 
                    COUNTRIES.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--Congress declares the following:
            (1) Medical evidence indicates that non-infectious 
        diseases, like heart disease and obesity, are on the rise 
        worldwide.
            (2) In response to these statistics, the current allocation 
        of funds appropriated to the United States Agency for 
        International Development for Child Survival and Maternal 
        Health, Vulnerable Children, HIV/AIDS, Infectious Diseases, 
        Reproductive Health and Family Planning, and the Global Fund to 
        Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria does not address 
        noninfectious diseases.
    (b) Authorization of Assistance.--The President, acting through the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development, is authorized to provide assistance, on such terms and 
conditions as the President may determine, to address non-infectious 
diseases in foreign countries.

        CHAPTER 2--PART II OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961

SEC. 921. ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR EGYPT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Despite more than $28 billion in economic assistance 
        provided by the United States to Egypt since 1975, Egypt's 
        economy and educational systems are underdeveloped and 
        democratic development remains extremely limited. Egypt remains 
        near the bottom of many indices of growth and human 
        development.
            (2) Egypt's economic troubles, if not addressed through 
        programs to develop Egypt's private sector, could destabilize 
        the country.
            (3) United States programs to promote growth in Egypt, 
        including traditional development assistance as well as 
        programs that attempt to link disbursement of cash assistance 
        to the adoption of economic reforms by the Government of Egypt, 
        have had, at best, mixed success.
            (4) The United States has provided more than $32 billion in 
        military assistance to Egypt since 1979.
            (5) Egypt is currently at peace with all its neighbors.
            (6) Egypt and the United States entered into an agreement 
        in March 2005, whereby Egypt undertook to accomplish certain 
        reform-oriented policies primarily related to its financial 
        sector, and the United States undertook, subject to its 
        constitutional processes, to provide Egypt with cash 
        assistance. This program of financial reform is important and 
        should continue, supported by assistance in the form of cash 
        transferred from the United States, but not in amounts in 
        excess of amounts already agreed to and not for lesser policy 
        reforms than have already been agreed to.
            (7) The model of an agreement for policy change between the 
        United States and Egypt, similar but not identical to, the 
        concept of a ``Millennium Challenge'' compact that emphasizes 
        performance and outcomes, would be a way to reinvigorate a 
        program for the development of the Egyptian economy that has 
        languished for years, and would give more Egyptians a stake in 
        the proper planning and execution of programs to assist in 
        their country's development.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United 
States--
            (1) to acknowledge that--
                    (A) threats to Egypt's stability derive far more 
                from domestic problems, such as inadequate economic 
                growth, deficient educational and health-care systems, 
                and lack of political freedom, than from external 
                dangers; and
                    (B) external threats to Egyptian stability are, in 
                fact, minimal;
            (2) to provide non-military assistance to Egypt which 
        results in actual, sustainable, and, to the extent possible, 
        measurable outcomes in terms of economic growth, poverty 
        reduction, humanitarian conditions, health, education, and 
        political reform;
            (3) to restructure Egypt's assistance package over time so 
        as to diminish military assistance and end the reduction of 
        economic assistance and to begin the process of this 
        restructuring without delay; and
            (4) to ensure that this restructuring is done in such a 
        manner that ensures that maintenance and spare parts for 
        existing Egyptian military equipment is not jeopardized and 
        that Egyptian military purchases and projects to which the 
        United States has already committed itself be funded fully in 
        accordance with previous understandings.
    (c) Amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq; relating to the 
        ``Economic Support Fund'') is amended by inserting after 
        section 534 the following new section:

``SEC. 535. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ASSISTANCE FOR EGYPT.

    ``(a) Requirement for Assistance.--Assistance may be provided for 
Egypt under this chapter for a fiscal year only if Egypt provides to 
the United States for the fiscal year a proposal described in 
subsection (b) that is evaluated and approved in accordance with 
subsection (c).
    ``(b) Proposal.--
            ``(1) In general.--A proposal described in this subsection 
        is a proposal that reflects Egyptian priorities to use 
        assistance provided under this chapter to meet the requirements 
        of paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Requirements.--The requirements described in this 
        paragraph are--
                    ``(A) promoting economic growth (including economic 
                freedom);
                    ``(B) reducing poverty;
                    ``(C) improving humanitarian conditions among the 
                poorest individuals in Egypt;
                    ``(D) improving education and health systems for 
                the people of Egypt;
                    ``(E) reducing corruption in the public and private 
                sectors; and
                    ``(F) strengthening democratic institutions and 
                individual freedoms.
    ``(c) Evaluation and Approval of Proposal.--
            ``(1) Evaluation.--The President, acting through the 
        Secretary of State, and in consultation with the Secretary of 
        the Treasury, the United States Trade Representative, and the 
        Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
        Development, shall evaluate the proposal provided to the United 
        States pursuant to subsection (a) to determine the extent to 
        which the proposal meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A) 
        through (F) of subsection (b)(2).
            ``(2) Approval.--The President shall approve the proposal 
        only if the President determines that--
                    ``(A) the proposal sufficiently meets the 
                requirements of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 
                subsection (b)(2) in a manner that achieves, in 
                particular, lasting economic growth and poverty 
                reduction and substantially strengthened democratic 
                institutions and individual freedoms; and
                    ``(B) the Government of Egypt--
                            ``(i) has adopted and implemented reforms 
                        necessary to implement the proposal;
                            ``(ii) has implemented the proposal 
                        provided to the United States and approved for 
                        the prior fiscal year in accordance with the 
                        requirements of subparagraphs (A) through (F) 
                        of subsection (b)(2); and
                            ``(iii) has demonstrated high standards of 
                        fiduciary controls and accountability with 
                        respect to assistance provided for Egypt under 
                        this chapter.
    ``(d) Suspension and Termination of Assistance.--The President, 
acting through the Secretary of State, may suspend or terminate 
assistance in whole or in part for Egypt under this chapter if the 
President determines that the Government of Egypt is not implementing 
the proposal in accordance with the requirements of subparagraphs (A) 
through (F) of subsection (b)(2).
    ``(e) Cash Assistance.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        this section, cash assistance may be provided to Egypt under 
        this chapter for a fiscal year pursuant to the memorandum of 
        understanding specified in paragraph (2) only if a proposal 
        provided to the United States pursuant to subsection (a) for 
        the fiscal year has been evaluated and approved in accordance 
        with subsection (c).
            ``(2) Memorandum of understanding.--The memorandum of 
        understanding specified in this paragraph is the memorandum of 
        understanding agreed to by the Government of the United States 
        and the Government of Egypt in March 2005, including any 
        modification to the memorandum of understanding, except--
                    ``(A) a modification to increase the amounts of 
                assistance agreed to be provided under the memorandum 
                of understanding; or
                    ``(B) a modification to reduce significantly the 
                scope of, or to extend significantly the time for, the 
                performance by Egypt of obligations that it has 
                undertaken under the memorandum of understanding.
    ``(f) Congressional Notification.--Assistance may not be obligated 
for Egypt under this chapter until 30 days after the date on which the 
President has provided notice thereof to the Committee on International 
Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate in accordance with the 
procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 
634A(a) of this Act.
    ``(g) Report.--The President, acting through the Secretary of 
State, shall prepare and transmit to the Committee on International 
Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a report for each fiscal year that contains--
            ``(1) the proposal provided to the United States pursuant 
        to subsection (a) for the fiscal year; and
            ``(2) the evaluation of the proposal carried out pursuant 
        to subsection (c)(1).
    ``(h) Rule of Construction.--The provisions of this section shall 
not be superseded except by a provision of law enacted after the date 
of the enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 2006 and 2007, which specifically repeals, modifies, or 
supersedes the provisions of this section.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        shall apply with respect to assistance for Egypt under chapter 
        4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal 
        year 2007 and each subsequent fiscal year.
    (d) Military Assistance Levels for Egypt; Transfer Requirement.--
The following amounts available for assistance for Egypt under section 
23 of Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763; relating to the 
``Foreign Military Financing'' program) shall be transferred to and 
consolidated with amounts available for assistance for Egypt under 
chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2346 et seq.; relating to the ``Economic Support Fund''):
            (1) For fiscal year 2006, the amount that exceeds 
        $1,260,000,000.
            (2) For fiscal year 2007, the amount that exceeds 
        $1,220,000,000.
            (3) For fiscal year 2008, the amount that exceeds 
        $1,180,000,000.
    (e) Cash-Flow Financing for Egypt.--As soon as practicable after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall modify the 
program of cash-flow financing for Egypt under section 23 of the Arms 
Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763; relating to the ``Foreign Military 
Financing'' program) so as to accomplish the purposes of the policy set 
forth in paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b) of this section.
    (f) Transfer of Certain Interest for Egypt.--For fiscal year 2006 
and subsequent fiscal years, any interest earned from amounts in an 
interest bearing account for Egypt to which funds made available under 
section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763; relating to 
the ``Foreign Military Financing'' program) are disbursed--
            (1) shall be transferred to and consolidated with amounts 
        available for assistance for the Middle East Partnership 
        Initiative under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance 
        Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.; relating to the ``Economic 
        Support Fund''); and
            (2) shall be allocated for democracy and governance 
        programs for Egypt, including direct support for 
        nongovernmental organizations.

SEC. 922. INTER-ARAB DEMOCRATIC CHARTER.

    (a) Strategy.--The Secretary of State, acting through the Assistant 
Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, and in consultation 
with the Assistant Secretary for Near East Affairs and the Assistant 
Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs, shall develop and implement a 
strategy to--
            (1) support, including through the provision of technical 
        assistance, efforts to establish an Inter-Arab Democratic 
        Charter to promote human rights and democracy in the Near East 
        region; and
            (2) support and promote coordination among human rights 
        organizations, pro-democracy advocates, and civil society 
        members from both the Near East region and the Western 
        Hemisphere to assist in efforts to establish the Inter-Arab 
        Democratic Charter referred to in paragraph (1).
    (b) Report.--Section 665(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228; 22 U.S.C. 2151n note) as 
amended by section 614(a)(2) of this Act, is further amended by 
inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence: ``As 
part of such separate report, the Secretary shall include information 
on efforts by the Department of State to develop and implement the 
strategy to support efforts to establish an Inter-Arab Democratic 
Charter pursuant to section 708(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007.''.
    (c) Funding.--Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.; relating to the 
``Economic Support Fund''), including amounts made available to carry 
out the Human Rights and Democracy Fund and the Middle East Partnership 
Initiative, such sums as may be necessary for each such fiscal year is 
authorized to be available to the Secretary to carry out this section 
and the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 923. MIDDLE EAST PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE.

    (a) Funding.--Of the amounts made available for each of the fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.; relating to the 
``Economic Support Fund''), such sums as may be necessary for each such 
fiscal year is authorized to be available to the Secretary of State to 
carry out programs and activities of the Middle East Partnership 
Initiative.
    (b) Requirement.--Not less than 50 percent of amounts made 
available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out the 
Middle East Partnership Initiative shall be used to--
            (1) strengthen civil society, particularly nongovernmental 
        organizations, and expand female and minority participation in 
        the political, economic, and educational sectors of countries 
        participating in the Initiative; and
            (2) strengthen the rule of law and promote democratic 
        values and institutions, particularly through--
                    (A) developing and implementing standards for free 
                and fair election in countries participating in the 
                Initiative; and
                    (B) supporting inter-regional efforts to promote 
                democracy in countries under authoritarian rule, 
                including through the Community of Democracies and 
                Forum for the Future.

SEC. 924. WEST BANK AND GAZA PROGRAM.

    (a) Oversight.--For each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007, the 
Secretary of State shall certify to the appropriate congressional 
committees not later than 30 days prior to the initial obligation of 
funds for the West Bank and Gaza that procedures have been established 
to ensure that the Comptroller General of the United States will have 
access to appropriate United States financial information in order to 
review the use of United States assistance for the West Bank and Gaza 
funded under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.; relating to the ``Economic Support Fund'').
    (b) Vetting.--Prior to any obligation of funds for each of the 
fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for assistance for the West Bank and 
Gaza, the Secretary of State shall take all appropriate steps to ensure 
that such assistance is not provided to or through any individual or 
entity that the Secretary knows, or has reason to believe, advocates, 
plans, sponsors, engages in, or has engaged in, terrorist activity. The 
Secretary of State shall, as appropriate, establish procedures 
specifying the steps to be taken in carrying out this subsection and 
shall terminate assistance to any individual or entity which the 
Secretary has determined advocates, plans, sponsors, or engages in 
terrorist activity.
    (c) Prohibition.--None of the funds made available for each of the 
fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for the West Bank and Gaza program may 
be made available for the purpose of recognizing or otherwise honoring 
individuals who commit, or have committed, acts of terrorism.
    (d) Audits.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator of the United States 
        Agency for International Development shall ensure that 
        independent audits of all contractors and grantees, and 
        significant subcontractors and subgrantees, under the West Bank 
        and Gaza Program, are conducted for each of the fiscal years 
        2006 and 2007 to ensure, among other things, compliance with 
        this section.
            (2) Audits by inspector general of usaid.--Of the funds 
        available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry 
        out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        that are made available for assistance for the West Bank and 
        Gaza, up to $1,000,000 for each such fiscal year may be used by 
        the Office of the Inspector General of the United States Agency 
        for International Development for audits, inspections, and 
        other activities in furtherance of the requirements of 
        paragraph (1). Such funds are in addition to funds otherwise 
        available for such purposes.
    (e) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``appropriate 
congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on 
        International Relations of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate.

SEC. 925. ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR VENEZUELA.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the President $9,000,000 
for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for assistance under chapter 
4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et 
seq.; relating to the ``Economic Support Fund'') to fund activities 
which support political parties, the rule of law, civil society, an 
independent media, and otherwise promote democratic, accountable 
governance in Venezuela.

       CHAPTER 3--PART III OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961

SEC. 931. SUPPORT FOR PRO-DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS IN 
                    CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

    Section 620A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2371(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``The prohibition contained in the preceding sentence shall not apply 
with respect to assistance under part I (including chapter 4 of part 
II) of this Act provided in support of programs of a pro-democracy or 
human rights organization located or operating in a country described 
in such sentence, if, at least 30 days before obligating funds for such 
assistance, the Secretary of State notifies (in classified or 
unclassified form) the congressional committees specified in section 
634A(a) of this Act in accordance with the procedures applicable to 
reprogramming notifications under that section that the pro-democracy 
or human rights organization opposes the use of terrorism, supports 
democracy and respect for human rights, including the equality of women 
and ethnic and religious minorities, and supports freedoms of the 
press, speech, association, and religion.''.

SEC. 932. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY.

    (a) Amendment.--Chapter 1 of part III of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2351 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating the second section 620G (as added by 
        section 149 of Public Law 104-164 (110 Stat. 1436)) as section 
        620J; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 620K. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY.

    ``(a) Limitation.--Assistance may be provided under this Act or any 
other provision of law to the Palestinian Authority only during a 
period for which a certification described in subsection (b) is in 
effect.
    ``(b) Certification.--A certification described in this subsection 
is a certification transmitted by the President to Congress that 
contains a determination of the President that--
            ``(1) providing direct assistance to the Palestinian 
        Authority is important to the national security interests of 
        the United States; and
            ``(2) the Palestinian Authority--
                    ``(A) is committed to and has initiated the process 
                of purging from its security services individuals with 
                ties to terrorism;
                    ``(B) has made demonstrable progress toward 
                dismantling the terrorist infrastructure, confiscating 
                unauthorized weapons, arresting and bringing terrorists 
                to justice, destroying unauthorized arms factories, 
                thwarting and preempting terrorist attacks, and is 
                fully cooperating with Israel's security services;
                    ``(C) has made demonstrable progress toward halting 
                all anti-Israel incitement in Palestinian Authority-
                controlled electronic and print media and in schools, 
                mosques, and other institutions it controls, and is 
                replacing these materials, including textbooks, with 
                materials that promote tolerance, peace, and 
                coexistence with Israel;
                    ``(D) has taken effective steps to ensure 
                democracy, the rule of law, and an independent 
                judiciary, and has adopted other reforms such as 
                ensuring transparent and accountable governance;
                    ``(E) is committed to ensuring that all elections 
                within areas it administers to be free, fair, and 
                transparent; and
                    ``(F) is undertaking verifiable efforts to ensure 
                the financial transparency and accountability of all 
                government ministries and operations.
    ``(c) Recertifications.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
which the President transmits to Congress an initial certification 
under subsection (b), and every 6 months thereafter--
            ``(1) the President shall transmit to Congress a 
        recertification that the requirements contained in subsection 
        (b) are continuing to be met; or
            ``(2) if the President is unable to make such a 
        recertification, the President shall transmit to Congress a 
        report that contains the reasons therefor.
    ``(d) Congressional Notification.--Assistance made available under 
this Act or any other provision of law to the Palestinian Authority may 
not be provided until 15 days after the date on which the President has 
provided notice thereof to the Committee on International Relations and 
the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and to 
the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations 
of the Senate in accordance with the procedures applicable to 
reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) of this Act.''.
    (b) Report by Comptroller General.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
a report that contains a review of the extent to which United States 
assistance to the Palestinian Authority under the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 or any other provision of law is properly audited by the 
Department of State, the United States Agency for International 
Development, and all other relevant departments and agencies of the 
Government of the United States.

SEC. 933. ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Section 660(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
1961 (22 U.S.C. 2420(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) by inserting ``to any national, regional, 
                district, municipal, or other sub-national governmental 
                entity of a foreign country'' after ``with respect to 
                assistance''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, and the provision of 
                professional'' and all that follows through 
                ``democracy'';
            (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(8) with respect to assistance to combat corruption in 
        furtherance of the objectives for which programs are authorized 
        to be established under section 133 of this Act;
            ``(9) with respect to the provision of professional public 
        safety training to any national, regional, district, municipal, 
        or other sub-national governmental entity of a foreign country, 
        particularly training in international recognized standards of 
        human rights, the rule of law, conflict prevention, and the 
        promotion of civilian police roles that support democratic 
        governance and foster improved police relations between law 
        enforcement forces and the communities in which they serve;
            ``(10) with respect to assistance to combat trafficking in 
        persons, particularly trafficking in persons by organized 
        crime; or
            ``(11) with respect to assistance in direct support of 
        developing capabilities for and deployment to impending or 
        ongoing peace operations of the United Nations or comparable 
        regional organizations.''.
    (b) Technical Amendments.--Section 660 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2420) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b) (as amended by subsection (a) of this 
        section)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by moving the margin 2 ems to 
                the left; and
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (11) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (10), respectively; and
            (2) by striking subsection (d).

                  Subtitle B--Other Provisions of Law

SEC. 941. AMENDMENTS TO THE AFGHANISTAN FREEDOM SUPPORT ACT OF 2002.

    (a) Declaration of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United 
States to--
            (1) assist Afghanistan in the preparation of parliamentary 
        elections which are currently scheduled to take place on 
        September 18, 2005;
            (2) urge donor governments and institutions to provide 
        significant financial support to support the United Nations 
        Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in carrying out such 
        parliamentary elections;
            (3) assist legitimate and recognized parliamentary 
        candidates and future elected parliamentary officials in 
        carrying out the responsibilities and duties of their elected 
        offices; and
            (4) assist Afghanistan in the preparation for future 
        presidential and parliamentary elections.
    (b) Purposes of Assistance.--Section 102 of the Afghanistan Freedom 
Support Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7512) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (11), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(5) to ensure that parliamentary and presidential 
        elections in Afghanistan are carried out in a free, fair, and 
        transparent manner;
            ``(6) to provide assistance to legitimate and recognized 
        parliamentary candidates and future elected parliamentary 
        officials in Afghanistan to better educate such candidates and 
        officials on parliamentary procedures, anticorruption, 
        transparency, and good governance;''.
    (c) Activities Supported.--Section 103(a)(5)(C) of the Afghanistan 
Freedom Support Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7513(a)(5)(C)) is amended--
            (1) by striking clauses (iii) and (iv);
            (2) by redesignating clauses (v) through (vii) as clauses 
        (xi) through (xiii), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after clause (ii) the following new 
        clauses:
                            ``(iii) programs to promote comprehensive 
                        public information campaigns, including 
                        nationwide voter and civic education, for the 
                        public, candidates, and political parties, and 
                        special efforts with respect to provinces in 
                        which small percentages of women voted in the 
                        October 2004 presidential elections;
                            ``(iv) programs to accelerate disarmament, 
                        demobilization, and reintegration processes to 
                        ensure that candidates and political groups are 
                        not influenced or supported by armed militias;
                            ``(v) programs to support the registration 
                        of new voters and the preparation of voter 
                        rolls;
                            ``(vi) programs to support the vetting 
                        process of candidates for the parliamentary 
                        elections to ensure that such candidates are 
                        eligible under the relevant Afghan election 
                        requirements;
                            ``(vii) programs to educate legitimate and 
                        recognized parliamentary candidates on campaign 
                        procedures and processes;
                            ``(viii) capacity-building programs and 
                        advanced professional training programs for 
                        senior Afghan Government officials and future 
                        elected parliamentary officials in matters 
                        related to parliamentary procedures, anti-
                        corruption, accountability to constituencies, 
                        transparency, good governance, and other 
                        matters related to democratic development;
                            ``(ix) exchange programs to bring to the 
                        United States future elected parliamentary 
                        officials and senior officials of legitimate 
                        and recognized political parties for 
                        educational activities regarding legislative 
                        procedures, debate, and general campaign and 
                        legislative instruction;
                            ``(x) programs to support nongovernmental 
                        organizations and other civil society 
                        organizations that will assist in civil and 
                        voter education programs and overall democracy 
                        development programs; '';
            (4) in clause (xii) (as redesignated), by striking ``and'' 
        at the end;
            (5) in clause (xiii) (as redesignated), by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                            ``(xiv) other similar activities consistent 
                        with the purposes set forth in subsection 
                        (a).''.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 103(a)(5)(C) of the 
Afghanistan Freedom Support Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7513(a)(5)(C)), as 
amended by subsection (c), is further amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``To 
        support'' and inserting ``(i) To support'';
            (2) by redesignating clauses (i) through (xiv) as 
        subclauses (I) through (XIV), respectively; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                    ``(ii) Of the amounts made available for each of 
                the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 1 
                of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and 
                chapter 4 of part II of such Act, $50,000,000 for each 
                such fiscal year is authorized to be available to the 
                President to carry out subclauses (III) through (X) of 
                clause (i). ''.
    (e) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
President should take all necessary and appropriate steps to encourage 
all donor governments and institutions to provide full financial and 
logistical support to the United Nations Assistance Mission in 
Afghanistan (UNAMA) to carry out the parliamentary elections in 
Afghanistan, which are currently scheduled to take place on September 
18, 2005, so as to--
            (1) ensure the parliamentary elections are legitimate and 
        free from influence, intimidation, and violence by local 
        militia leaders and illicit narcotics terrorist organizations;
            (2) make certain that all Afghans who want to vote may do 
        so and may be educated about their choice in parliamentary 
        candidates;
            (3) provide that all legitimate and recognized 
        parliamentary candidates and officials of legitimate and 
        recognized political parties are informed and educated on 
        campaign procedures and processes;
            (4) provide that future parliamentary officials and senior 
        officials of legitimate and recognized political parties are 
        informed and educated on the legislative procedures and process 
        through exchange programs; and
            (5) assure sufficient funds for deployment of international 
        observers for the upcoming parliamentary elections and future 
        presidential and parliamentary elections.

SEC. 942. AMENDMENTS TO THE TIBETAN POLICY ACT OF 2002.

    (a) Bilateral Assistance.--Section 616 of the Tibetan Policy Act of 
2002 (Public Law 107-228; 22 U.S.C. 6901 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) United States Assistance.--
            ``(1) Assistance.--The President shall provide grants to 
        nongovernmental organizations to support sustainable economic 
        development, cultural and historical preservation, health care, 
        education, and environmental sustainability projects for 
        Tibetans inside Tibet that are designed in accordance with the 
        principles contained in subsection (e).
            ``(2) Role of special coordinator.--The United States 
        Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues (established under 
        section 621(a)) shall review and approve all projects carried 
        out pursuant to paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out 
        this subsection $6,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $8,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2007.''.
    (b) Language Training.--Section 619 of the Tibetan Policy Act of 
2002 (Public Law 107-228; 22 U.S.C. 6901 note) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 619. REQUIREMENT FOR TIBETAN LANGUAGE TRAINING.

    ``The Secretary shall ensure at least one Foreign Service officer 
assigned to a United States post in the People's Republic of China 
responsible for monitoring developments in Tibet has at least six 
months of Tibetan language training prior to taking up such assignment 
at such post, unless such officer possesses equivalent fluency. If the 
Secretary determines that training resources and timing permit, such 
officer shall receive one year of such training.''.
    (c) Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues.--Section 621 of the 
Tibetan Policy Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-228; 22 U.S.C. 6901 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Personnel.--The Secretary shall assign dedicated personnel to 
the Office of the Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues sufficient to 
assist in the management of the responsibilities of this section and 
section 616(d)(2).''.

SEC. 943. AMENDMENTS TO THE ANGLO-IRISH AGREEMENT SUPPORT ACT OF 1986.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) United States assistance for the International Fund for 
        Ireland (``International Fund'') has contributed greatly to the 
        economic development of Northern Ireland and that both 
        objectives of the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986 
        (Public Law 99-415), economic development and reconciliation, 
        remain critical to achieving a just and lasting peace in the 
        region, especially in the economically-depressed areas; and
            (2) since policing reform is a significant part of winning 
        public confidence and acceptance in the new form of government 
        in Northern Ireland, the International Fund is encouraged to 
        support programs that enhance relations between communities, 
        and between the police and the communities they serve, promote 
        human rights training for police, and enhance peaceful 
        mediation in neighborhoods of continued conflict.
    (b) Amendments.--
            (1) Findings and purposes.--Section 2(b) of the Anglo-Irish 
        Agreement Support Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-415) is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Furthermore, 
        the International Fund is encouraged to support programs that 
        enhance relations between communities, and between the police 
        and the communities they serve, promote human rights training 
        for police, enhance peaceful mediation in neighborhoods of 
        continued conflict, promote training programs to enhance the 
        new district partnership police boards recommended by the 
        Patten Commission, and assist in the transition of former 
        British military installations and prisons into sites for 
        peaceful, community-supported activities, such as housing, 
        retail, and commercial development.''.
            (2) United states contributions to the international 
        funds.--Section 3 of the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 
        1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007.--Of the amounts made available 
for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.; relating to the 
economic support fund), there are authorized to be appropriated 
$20,000,000 for each such fiscal year for United States contributions 
to the International Fund. Amounts appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations under the preceding sentence are 
authorized to remain available until expended. Of the amount authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 under this 
subsection, it is the sense of Congress that not less than 35 percent 
of such amount for each such fiscal year should be used to carry out 
the last sentence of section 2(b).''.
            (3) Annual reports.--Section 6(1) of the Anglo-Irish 
        Agreement Support Act of 1986 is amended by adding at the end 
        before the semicolon the following: ``, specifically through 
        improving local community relations and relations between the 
        police and the people they serve''.

SEC. 944. ASSISTANCE FOR DEMOBILIZATION AND DISARMAMENT OF FORMER 
                    IRREGULAR COMBATANTS IN COLOMBIA.

    (a) Authorization.--Amounts made available for fiscal year 2006 and 
each subsequent fiscal year for assistance for the Republic of Colombia 
under this Act or any other provision of law may be made available for 
assistance for the demobilization and disarmament of former members of 
foreign terrorist organizations in Colombia, specifically the United 
Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), the Revolutionary Armed Forces 
of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN), if the 
Secretary of State makes a certification described in subsection (b) to 
the appropriate congressional committees prior to the initial 
obligation of amounts for such assistance for the fiscal year involved.
    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this subsection is 
a certification that--
            (1) assistance for the fiscal year will be provided only 
        for individuals who have verifiably renounced and terminated 
        any affiliation or involvement with foreign terrorist 
        organizations;
            (2) the Government of Colombia is continuing to provide 
        full cooperation with the Government of the United States 
        relating to extradition requests involving leaders and members 
        of the foreign terrorist organizations involved in murder, 
        kidnapping, narcotics trafficking, and other violations of 
        United States law; and
            (3) the Government of Colombia has established a concrete 
        and workable framework for dismantling the organizational 
        structures of foreign terrorist organizations that adequately 
        balances the need for both reconciliation and justice with 
        concerns for fundamental human rights.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Appropriations and the 
                Committee on International Relations of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Appropriations and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
            (2) Foreign terrorist organization.--The term ``foreign 
        terrorist organization'' means an organization designated as a 
        terrorist organization under section 219 of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act.

SEC. 945. SUPPORT FOR FAMINE RELIEF IN ETHIOPIA.

    (a) Demonstration Insurance Project.--The Secretary of State is 
authorized to make a United States voluntary contribution to the United 
Nations World Food Program to establish and carry out a demonstration 
insurance project in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia using 
weather derivatives to transfer the risk of catastrophic drought 
resulting in famine from vulnerable subsistence farmers to 
international capital markets for the purpose of protecting vulnerable 
subsistence farmers against income and asset losses during natural 
disasters.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year and two years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the implementation of 
the project referred to in subsection (a).
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section up to 
$4,000,000 for fiscal year 2006.

SEC. 946. ASSISTANCE TO PROMOTE DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN VIETNAM.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam 
is a one-party state, ruled and controlled by the Communist Party of 
Vietnam, which continues to deny the right of citizens to change their 
government, prohibits independent political, labor, and social 
organizations, and continues to commit serious human rights violations, 
including the detention and imprisonment of persons for the peaceful 
expression of dissenting religious and political views.
    (b) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States--
            (1) to limit United States nonhumanitarian assistance 
        provided to the Government of Vietnam, not to exceed the amount 
        so provided for fiscal year 2005, unless the President 
        certifies to Congress not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act that, during the 12-month period 
        preceding such certification, Vietnam has made substantial 
        progress toward--
                    (A) releasing political and religious prisoners;
                    (B) respecting religious freedom and other 
                universally recognized human rights;
                    (C) allowing open access to the United States for 
                its refugee program;
                    (D) cooperating fully toward providing information 
                concerning the locations of members of the United 
                States Armed Forces who continue to be officially 
                listed as missing in action as a result of the Vietnam 
                conflict;
                    (E) respecting the rights of ethnic minorities in 
                the Central Highlands; and
                    (F) ensuring that it is not acting in complicity 
                with organizations engaged in the trafficking of human 
                persons; and
            (2) to ensure that programs of educational and cultural 
        exchange with Vietnam actively promote progress towards freedom 
        and democracy in Vietnam by ensuring that Vietnamese nationals 
        who have already demonstrated a commitment to these values are 
        included in such programs.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``United States 
nonhumanitarian assistance'' means--
            (1) any assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
        (including programs under title IV of chapter 2 of part I of 
        such Act, relating to the Overseas Private Investment 
        Corporation), other than--
                    (A) disaster relief assistance, including any 
                assistance under chapter 9 of part I of such Act;
                    (B) assistance which involves the provision of food 
                (including monetization of food) or medicine;
                    (C) assistance for refugees; and
                    (D) assistance to combat HIV/AIDS, including any 
                assistance under section 104A of such Act; and
            (2) sales, or financing on any terms, under the Arms Export 
        Control Act.
    (d) Authorization.--
            (1) In general.--The President is authorized to provide 
        assistance to nongovernmental organizations and organizations 
        to promote democracy and internationally recognized human 
        rights in Vietnam.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated to the President $2,000,000 to carry out 
        paragraph (1).

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 951. REPORT ON UNITED STATES WEAPONS TRANSFERS, SALES, AND 
                    LICENSING TO HAITI.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on all United States 
weapons transfers, sales, and licensing to the Government of the 
Republic of Haiti for the period beginning on October 4, 1991, and 
ending on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
a detailed description of each of the following:
            (1) The names of the individuals or governmental entities 
        to which weapons were transferred, sold, or licensed.
            (2) The number and types of weapons transferred, sold, or 
        licensed.
            (3) The safeguards, if any, that were required prior to the 
        transfer, sale, or license of the weapons.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``United States weapons 
transfers, sales, and licensing'' means transfers, sales, and licensing 
of weapons under--
            (1) section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2778); or
            (2) chapter 8 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 
        1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291 et seq.).

SEC. 952. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ASSISTANCE FOR REGIONAL HEALTH 
                    EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--Congress recognizes that many health 
problems are not country specific. Instead many health issues can be 
categorized and treated more effectively on a regional basis.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States Agency for International Development should use up to five 
percent of country-specific health program funds, as needed, to address 
regional health education and training needs in instances in which it 
would be more cost effective to implement health education and training 
programs on a regional basis.

SEC. 953. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ASSISTANCE FOR REGIONAL HEALTH 
                    CARE DELIVERY.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--Congress declares the following:
            (1) Health systems in developing countries for allocating 
        and managing health resources are dysfunctional and incapable 
        of addressing evolving epidemiological and demographical 
        changes.
            (2) Neither regional nor countrywide health problems can be 
        adequately addressed without the infrastructure for health 
        systems in place.
            (3) The areas in Africa, Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East, 
        and Asia with the greatest health problems all lack the 
        infrastructure for health systems that can support providers 
        and contain the cost of treatment.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States Agency for International Development should use up to five 
percent of country-specific health program funds, as needed, to support 
projects to create and improve indigenous capacity for health care 
delivery in regions in which such projects are most needed.

SEC. 954. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ELIMINATION OF EXTREME POVERTY IN 
                    DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the elimination of extreme poverty in developing 
        countries should be a major priority of United States foreign 
        policy;
            (2) the Unites States should further demonstrate its 
        leadership and commitment to eliminating extreme poverty by 
        working with developing countries, donor countries, and 
        multilateral institutions committed to the necessary reforms, 
        policies, and practices that reduce extreme poverty in 
        developing countries and by pursuing greater coordination with 
        key allies and international partners; and
            (3) the President, acting through the Administrator of the 
        United States Agency for International Development, and in 
        consultation with the heads of other appropriate departments 
        and agencies of the Government of the United States, 
        international organizations, international financial 
        institutions, recipient governments, civil society 
        organizations, and other appropriate entities, should develop a 
        comprehensive strategy to eliminate extreme poverty in 
        developing countries that involves foreign assistance, foreign 
        and local private investment, technical assistance, private-
        public partnerships, and debt relief.

SEC. 955. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING UNITED STATES FOREIGN ASSISTANCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) United States foreign assistance should be used to 
        support local capacity-building in developing countries and 
        should focus on improving the institutional capacities of 
        developing countries in order to promote long-term development; 
        and
            (2) the Department of State, the United States Agency for 
        International Development, and the Millennium Challenge 
        Corporation should increase their efforts to enhance recipient 
        country participation in the planning of development programs, 
        promote recipient country ownership of the programs, and build 
        local capacity within the recipient country.

                    TITLE X--REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

SEC. 1001. TRANS-SAHARA COUNTER-TERRORISM INITIATIVE.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that efforts by 
the Government of the United States to expand the Pan Sahel Initiative 
into a robust counter-terrorism program in the Saharan region of 
Africa, to be known as the ``Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism 
Initiative'', should be strongly supported.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit 
        to the appropriate congressional committees a detailed 
        strategy, in classified form, regarding the plan of the 
        Government of the United States to expand the Pan Sahel 
        Initiative into a robust counter-terrorism program in the 
        Saharan region of Africa, to be known as the ``Trans-Sahara 
        Counter Terrorism Initiative''.
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include the following:
                    (A) The names of the countries that will 
                participate in the Initiative.
                    (B) A description of the types of security 
                assistance necessary to create rapid reaction security 
                forces in order to bolster the capacity of the 
                countries referred to in subparagraph (A) to govern 
                their borders.
                    (C) A description of training to ensure respect for 
                human rights and civilian authority by rapid reaction 
                security forces referred to in subparagraph (B) and 
                other appropriate individuals and entities of the 
                countries referred to in subparagraph (A).
                    (D) A description of the types of public diplomacy 
                and related assistance that will be provided to promote 
                development and counter radical Islamist elements that 
                may be gaining a foothold in the region.
            (3) Update.--The Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees an update of the report required by 
        this subsection not later than one year after the date of the 
        initial submission of the report under this subsection.
    (c) Cooperation of Other Departments and Agencies.--The head of 
each appropriate department and agency of the Government of the United 
States shall cooperate fully with, and assist in the implementation of, 
the strategy described in subsection (b)(1) and shall make such 
resources and information available as is necessary to ensure the 
success of the Initiative described in such subsection.

SEC. 1002. ANNUAL PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM REPORT.

    (a) Requirement of Report.--Section 140(a) Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2656f(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Country Reports on 
        Terrorism'' and inserting ``Patterns of Global Terrorism 
        Report''; and
            (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
        the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
        Representatives,'' after ``Speaker of the House of 
        Representatives''.
    (b) Assessments With Respect to Foreign Countries in Which Acts of 
Terrorism Occurred.--Section 140(a)(1)(A)(i) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 
2656f(a)(1)(A)(i)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``which were, in the opinion of the 
        Secretary, of major significance;'' and inserting ``, 
        including--''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subclauses:
                            ``(I) the number of such acts of terrorism 
                        or attempted acts of terrorism;
                            ``(II) the number of individuals, including 
                        United States citizens, who were killed or 
                        injured in such acts of terrorism;
                            ``(III) the methods, and relative frequency 
                        of methods, utilized in such acts of terrorism; 
                        and
                            ``(IV) assessments of individuals who were 
                        responsible for such acts of terrorism and the 
                        relationships of such individuals to terrorist 
                        groups;''.
    (c) Information With Respect to Terrorist Groups.--Section 
140(a)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 
and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2656f(a)(2)) is amended by inserting after ``and 
any other known international terrorist group'' the following ``or 
emerging terrorist group''.
    (d) Information With Respect to All Foreign Countries.--Section 
140(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 
and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2656f(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by adding ``and'' at the end after 
        the semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``from which the United States Government'' 
                and all that follows through ``United States citizens 
                or interests'' and inserting ``worldwide'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``the individual or'';
                            (ii) by striking ``the act'' and inserting 
                        ``acts of terrorism''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``against 
                United States citizens in the foreign country''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) the extent to which the government of the 
                foreign country is not cooperating with respect to the 
                matters described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) and 
                other matters relating to counterterrorism efforts.''; 
                and
            (3) by striking paragraph (4).
    (e) Existing Provisions to Be Included in Report.--Section 140(b) 
of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 
(22 U.S.C. 2656f(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``should to the extent feasible'' and inserting ``shall'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``and (a)(3)'' after ``subsection 
                (a)(1)(A)'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as 
                redesignated) the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(A) a separate list, in chronological order, of 
                all acts of international terrorism described in 
                subsection (a)(1)(A);'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (C) (as redesignated), by 
                striking ``affecting American citizens or facilities''; 
                and
                    (E) in subparagraph (D) (as redesignated)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by adding at the end 
                        before the semicolon the following: ``by the 
                        government of the country, government 
                        officials, nongovernmental organizations, 
                        quasi-governmental organizations, or nationals 
                        of the country'';
                            (ii) in clause (v), by adding ``and'' at 
                        the end after the semicolon; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following 
                        new clause:
                            ``(vi) other types of indirect support for 
                        international terrorism, such as inciting acts 
                        of terrorism or countenance of acts of 
                        terrorism by the government of the country, 
                        government officials, nongovernmental 
                        organizations, quasi-governmental 
                        organizations, or nationals of the country;'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by adding ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(G) information on the stated intentions and 
                patterns of activities of terrorist groups described in 
                subsection (a)(2), capabilities and membership of such 
                groups, recruitment and fundraising activities of such 
                groups, and the relationships of such groups to 
                criminal organizations, including organizations 
                involved in illicit narcotics trafficking;''; and
            (4) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) (as added by 
        section 701(a)(2)(C) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-487; 118 Stat. 3961)) as 
        paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively.
    (f) New Provisions to Be Included in Report.--Section 140(b) of the 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 
U.S.C. 2656f(b)), as amended by subsection (e), is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6) (as redesignated), by striking ``and'' 
        at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (7) (as redesignated), by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(8) an analysis of the efforts of multilateral 
        organizations (excluding international financial institutions) 
        to combat international terrorism, including efforts of the 
        United Nations and its affiliated organizations, regional 
        multilateral organizations, and nongovernmental organizations;
            ``(9) a list of countries of concern with respect to the 
        financing of terrorism; and
            ``(10) an analysis of policy goals of the United States for 
        counterterrorism efforts in the subsequent calendar year.''.
    (g) Classification of Report.--Section 140(c) of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. 
2656f(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Classification of Report.--The report required by subsection 
(a) shall be submitted in unclassified form and shall contain a 
classified annex as necessary.''.
    (h) Inter-Agency Process for Compilation of Report.--Section 140 of 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 
U.S.C. 2656f) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Inter-Agency Process for Compilation of Report.--The 
Secretary of State shall, in preparing the report required by 
subsection (a), establish an inter-agency process to--
            ``(1) consult and coordinate with other appropriate 
        officials of the Government of the United States who are 
        responsible for collecting and analyzing counterterrorism 
        intelligence; and
            ``(2) utilize, to the maximum extent practicable, such 
        counterterrorism intelligence and analyses.''.
    (i) Comparability Standard With Prior Report.--Section 140 of 
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 
U.S.C. 2656f), as amended by subsection (h), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) (as 
        redesignated) as subsections (f) and (g), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) (as added by 
        subsection (h)) the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Comparability Standard With Prior Report.--The Secretary of 
State shall, in preparing the report required by subsection (a), use 
standards, criteria, and methodologies in a consistent manner so that 
statistical comparisons may be made among different reports. If 
significant changes are made to any such standards, criteria, or 
methodology, the Secretary shall, in consultation with other 
appropriate officials of the Government of the United States, make 
appropriate adjustments, using the best available methods, so that the 
data provided in each report is comparable to the data provided in 
prior reports.''.
    (j) Definitions.--Section 140(f)(1) of Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (as redesignated) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) the term `international terrorism' means--
                    ``(A) terrorism involving citizens or the territory 
                of more than one country; or
                    ``(B) terrorism involving citizens and the 
                territory of one country which is intended to 
                intimidate or coerce not only the civilian population 
                or government of such country but also other civilian 
                populations or governments;''.
    (k) Reporting Period.--Section 140(g) Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (as redesignated) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Reporting Period.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall cover the events of the calendar year preceding the calender year 
in which the report is transmitted.''.
    (l) Appearance of Secretary of State Before Congress.--Section 140 
of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 
(22 U.S.C. 2656f) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) Appearance of Secretary of State Before Congress.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall appear 
        before Congress at annual hearings, as specified in paragraph 
        (2), regarding the provisions included in the report required 
        under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Schedule.--The Secretary of State shall appear 
        before--
                    ``(A) the Committee on International Relations of 
                the House of Representatives on or about May 20 of even 
                numbered calendar years;
                    ``(B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate on or about May 20 of odd numbered calendar 
                years; and
                    ``(C) either Committee referred to in subparagraph 
                (A) or (B), upon request, following the scheduled 
                appearance of the Secretary before the other Committee 
                under subparagraph (A) or (B).''.
    (m) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 140 of the 
        Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 
        (22 U.S.C. 2656f) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 140. ANNUAL PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM REPORT.''.

            (2) Table of contents.--The table of contents of such Act 
        (as contained in section 1(b) of such Act) is amended in the 
        item relating to section 140 to read as follows:

``Sec. 140. Annual patterns of global terrrorism report.''.
    (n) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section apply with 
respect to the report required to be transmitted under section 140 of 
the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 
U.S.C. 2656f), by April 30, 2007, and by April 30 of each subsequent 
year.

SEC. 1003. DUAL GATEWAY POLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF IRELAND.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of State shall review the dual 
gateway policy and determine the effects the discontinuation of such 
policy might have on the economy of the United States and the economy 
of western Ireland before the United States takes any action that could 
lead to the discontinuation of such policy.
    (b) Economic Impact Study.--In determining the effects that the 
discontinuation of such policy might have on the economy of the United 
States, the Secretary, in consultation with the heads of other 
appropriate departments and agencies, shall consider the effects the 
discontinuation of such policy might have on United States businesses 
operating in western Ireland, Irish businesses operating in and around 
Shannon Airport, and United States air carriers serving Ireland.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report describing the determinations made 
under subsection (a), together with any recommendations for United 
States action.
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``dual gateway policy'' 
means the policy of the Government of Ireland requiring certain air 
carriers serving Dublin Airport to undertake an equal numbers of 
flights to Shannon Airport and Dublin Airport during each calendar 
year.

SEC. 1004. STABILIZATION IN HAITI.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act 
and one year thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on United States efforts 
to--
            (1) assist in the disarmament of illegally armed forces in 
        Haiti, including through a program of gun exchanges;
            (2) assist in the reform of the Haitian National Police; 
        and
            (3) support stabilization in Haiti.

SEC. 1005. VERIFICATION REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    Section 403(a) of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 
2593a(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (1) by striking ``prepared by the Secretary of State with 
        the concurrence of the Director of Central Intelligence and in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
        Energy, and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, as the President considers 
        appropriate'' after ``include''.

SEC. 1006. PROTECTION OF REFUGEES FROM NORTH KOREA.

    Section 305(a) of the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 (Public 
Law 108-333; 22 U.S.C. 7845) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) a detailed description of the measures undertaken by 
        the Secretary of State to carry out section 303, including 
        country-specific information with respect to United States 
        efforts to secure the cooperation and permission of the 
        governments of countries in East and Southeast Asia to 
        facilitate United States processing of North Koreans seeking 
        protection as refugees. The information required by this 
        paragraph may be provided in a classified format, if 
        necessary.''.

SEC. 1007. ACQUISITION AND MAJOR SECURITY UPGRADES.

    Section 605(c) of the Secure Embassy Construction and 
Counterterrorism Act of 1999 (title VI of the Admiral James W. Nance 
and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 
and 2001; Public Law 106-113-Appendix G) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Semiannual'';
            (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``June 1 and''; and
            (3) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``two fiscal 
        quarters'' and inserting ``year''.

SEC. 1008. SERVICES FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM AT OVERSEAS MISSIONS.

    (a) Study.--With respect to countries in which there is at least 
one mission of the United States, the Secretary of State shall conduct 
a study of the availability of programs that address the special needs 
of children with autism, including the availability of speech 
therapists and pediatric occupational therapists at Department of 
Defense sponsored schools. Such study shall include the estimated 
incidence of autism among dependents of members of the Foreign Service 
and dependents of specialist Foreign Service personnel. Such study 
shall also include an analysis of the possibility of establishing 
``Educational Centers of Excellence'' for such children.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the completion of the 
study required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report containing the findings 
of the study together with any recommendations for related action.

SEC. 1009. INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF AUTISM WORLDWIDE.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall direct the 
        United States representative to the Executive Board of the 
        United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to use the voice and 
        vote of the United States to urge UNICEF to provide for the 
        conduct of a study of the incidence and prevalence of autism 
        spectrum disorders (in this section referred to as ``autism'') 
        worldwide.
            (2) Conduct of study.--The study should--
                    (A) evaluate the incidence and prevalence of autism 
                in all countries worldwide and compare such incidence 
                and prevalence to the incidence and prevalence of 
                autism in the United States and evaluate the 
                reliability of the information obtained from each 
                country in carrying out this subparagraph; and
                    (B) evaluate the feasibility of establishing a 
                method for the collection of information relating to 
                the incidence and prevalence of autism in all countries 
                worldwide.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary of State shall direct the United States 
representative to the Executive Board of UNICEF to use the voice and 
vote of the United States to urge UNICEF to--
            (1) provide for the preparation of a report that contains 
        the results of the study described in subsection (a); and
            (2) provide for the availability of the report on the 
        Internet website of UNICEF.
    (c) Funding.--Of the amounts made available for fiscal year 2006 to 
carry out section 301 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2221), $1,500,000 is authorized to be available for a voluntary 
contribution to UNICEF to conduct the study described in subsection (a) 
and prepare the report described in subsection (b).

SEC. 1010. INTERNET JAMMING.

    (a) Report.--Not later than March 1 of the year following the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Chairman of the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on the status of state-sponsored and state-directed Internet 
jamming by repressive foreign governments and a description of efforts 
by the United States to counter such jamming. Each report shall list 
the countries the governments of which pursue Internet censorship or 
jamming and provide information concerning the government agencies or 
quasi-governmental organizations of such governments that engage in 
Internet jamming.
    (b) Form.--If the Chairman determines that such is appropriate, the 
Chairman may submit such report together with a classified annex.

SEC. 1011. DEPARTMENT OF STATE EMPLOYMENT COMPOSITION.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--In order for the Department of State to 
accurately represent all people in the United States, the Department 
must accurately reflect the diversity of the United States.
    (b) Report on Minority Recruitment.--Section 324 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228) is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``April 1, 2003, and April 1, 2004,'' and inserting ``April 1, 
        2006, and April 1, 2007,''; and
            (2) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``minority 
        groups'' each place it appears and inserting ``minority groups 
        and women''.
    (c) Acquisition.--Section 324 of such Act is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) For the immediately preceding 12-month period for 
        which such information is available--
                    ``(A) the numbers and percentages of small, 
                minority-owned businesses that provide goods and 
                services to the Department as a result of contracts 
                with the Department during such period;
                    ``(B) the total number of such contracts;
                    ``(C) the total dollar value of such contracts; and
                    ``(D) and the percentage value represented by such 
                contract proportionate to the total value of all 
                contracts held by the Department.''.
    (d) Use of Funds.--The provisions of section 325 of such Act shall 
apply to funds authorized to be appropriated under section 101(1)(G) of 
this Act.

SEC. 1012. INCITEMENT TO ACTS OF DISCRIMINATION.

    (a) Inclusion of Information Relating to Incitement to Acts of 
Discrimination in Annual Country Reports on Human Right Practices.--
            (1) Countries receiving economic assistance.--Section 
        116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
        2151n(d)), as amended by section 614(b)(1) of this Act, is 
        further amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (11)(C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(12) wherever applicable, a description of the nature and 
        extent of--
                    ``(A) propaganda in foreign government and foreign 
                government-controlled media and other sources, 
                including foreign government-produced educational 
                materials and textbooks, that attempt to justify or 
                promote racial hatred or incite acts of violence 
                against any race or people;
                    ``(B) complicity or involvement by the foreign 
                government in the creation of such propaganda or 
                incitement of acts of violence against any race or 
                people; and
                    ``(C) a description of the actions, if any, taken 
                by the foreign government to eliminate such propaganda 
                or incitement.''.
            (2) Countries receiving security assistance.--Section 
        502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
        2304(b)), as amended by section 614(b)(2) of this Act, is 
        further amended by inserting after the ninth sentence the 
        following new sentence: ``Each report under this section shall 
        also include, wherever applicable, a description of the nature 
        and extent of propaganda in foreign government and foreign 
        government-controlled media and other sources, including 
        foreign government-produced educational materials and 
        textbooks, that attempt to justify or promote racial hatred or 
        incite acts of violence against any race or people, complicity 
        or involvement by the foreign government in the creation of 
        such propaganda or incitement of acts of violence against any 
        race or people, and a description of the actions, if any, taken 
        by the foreign government to eliminate such propaganda or 
        incitement.''.
    (b) Effective Date of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection 
(a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
apply beginning with the first report submitted by the Secretary of 
State under sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d) and 2304(b)) after such date.

SEC. 1013. CHILD MARRIAGE.

    (a) One Time Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a one time report on the practice 
of the custom of child marriage in countries around the world. The 
report shall include the following information:
            (1) A separate section for each country, as applicable, 
        describing the nature and extent of child marriage in such 
        country.
            (2) A description of the actions, if any, taken by the 
        government of each such country, where applicable, to revise 
        the laws of such country and institutionalize comprehensive 
        procedures and practices to eliminate child marriage.
            (3) A description of the actions taken by the Department of 
        State and other Federal departments and agencies to encourage 
        foreign governments to eliminate child marriage and to support 
        the activities of non-governmental organizations dedicated to 
        eliminating child marriage and supporting its victims.
    (b) Inclusion of Information Relating to Child Marriage in Annual 
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.--
            (1) Countries receiving economic assistance.--Section 
        116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
        2151n(d)), as amended by sections 614(b)(1) and 1013(a)(1) of 
        this Act, is further amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (11)(C), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (12)(C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(13)(A) wherever applicable, a description of the nature 
        and extent of laws and traditions in each country that enable 
        or encourage the practice of child marriage; and
            ``(B) a description of the actions, if any, taken by the 
        government of each such country to revise the laws of such 
        country and institutionalize comprehensive procedures and 
        practices to eliminate child marriage.''.
            (2) Countries receiving security assistance.--Section 
        502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
        2304(b)), as amended by sections 614(b)(2) and 1013(a)(2) of 
        this Act, is further amended by inserting after the tenth 
        sentence the following new sentence: ``Each report under this 
        section shall also include, wherever applicable, a description 
        of the nature and extent of laws and traditions in each country 
        that enable or encourage the practice of child marriage and a 
        description of the actions, if any, taken by the government of 
        each such country to revise the laws of such country and 
        institutionalize comprehensive procedures and practices to 
        eliminate child marriage.''.
    (c) Effective Date of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection 
(b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
apply beginning with the first report submitted by the Secretary of 
State under sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d) and 2304(b)) after the report required 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 1014. MAGEN DAVID ADOM SOCIETY.

    (a) Findings.--Section 690(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228), is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Since the founding of the Magen David Adom Society in 
        1930, the American Red Cross has regarded it as a sister 
        national society forging close working ties between the two 
        societies and has consistently advocated recognition and 
        membership of the Magen David Adom Society in the International 
        Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
            ``(6) The American Red Cross and the Magen David Adom 
        Society signed an important memorandum of understanding in 
        November 2002, outlining areas for strategic collaboration, and 
        the American Red Cross will encourage other societies to 
        establish similar agreements with the Magen David Adom 
        Society.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Section 690(b) of such Act is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva 
        Conventions of August 12, 1949, should adopt the October 12, 
        2000, draft additional protocol which would accord 
        international recognition to an additional distinctive emblem; 
        and''.
    (c) Report.--Section 690 of such Act is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 
and 2007, and one year thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit 
a report, on a classified basis if necessary, to the appropriate 
congressional committees describing--
            ``(1) efforts by the United States to obtain full 
        membership for the Magen David Adom Society in the 
        International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement;
            ``(2) efforts by the International Committee of the Red 
        Cross to obtain full membership for the Magen David Adom 
        Society in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent 
        Movement;
            ``(3) efforts of the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva 
        Conventions of August 12, 1949, to adopt the October 12, 2000, 
        draft additional protocol to the Geneva Conventions;
            ``(4) the extent to which the Magen David Adom Society is 
        participating in the activities of the International Red Cross 
        and Red Crescent Movement; and
            ``(5) efforts by any state, member, or official of the 
        International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to prevent, 
        obstruct, or place conditions upon--
                    ``(A) adoption by the High Contracting Parties to 
                the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949, of the 
                October 12, 2000, draft additional protocol to the 
                Geneva Conventions; and
                    ``(B) full participation of the Magen David Adom 
                Society in the activities of the International Red 
                Cross and Red Crescent Movement.''.

SEC. 1015. DEVELOPMENTS IN AND POLICY TOWARD INDONESIA.

    (a) Statement of Congress Relating to Recent Developments, Human 
Rights, and Reform.--Congress--
            (1) recognizes the remarkable progress in democratization 
        and decentralization made by Indonesia in recent years and 
        commends the people of Indonesia on the pace and scale of those 
        continuing reforms;
            (2) reaffirms--
                    (A) its deep condolences to the people of Indonesia 
                for the profound losses inflicted by the December 26, 
                2004, earthquake and tsunami; and
                    (B) its commitment to generous United States 
                support for relief and long term reconstruction efforts 
                in affected areas;
            (3) expresses its hope that in the aftermath of the tsunami 
        tragedy the Government of Indonesia and other parties will 
        succeed in reaching and implementing a peaceful, negotiated 
        settlement of the long-standing conflict in Aceh;
            (4) commends the Government of Indonesia for allowing broad 
        international access to Aceh after the December 2004 tsunami, 
        and urges that international nongovernmental organizations and 
        media be allowed unfettered access throughout Indonesia, 
        including in Papua and Aceh;
            (5) notes with grave concern that--
                    (A) reform of the Indonesian security forces has 
                not kept pace with democratic political reform, and 
                that the Indonesian military is subject to inadequate 
                civilian control and oversight, lacks budgetary 
                transparency, and continues to emphasize an internal 
                security role within Indonesia;
                    (B) members of the Indonesian security forces 
                continue to commit many serious human rights 
                violations, including killings, torture, rape, and 
                arbitrary detention, particularly in areas of communal 
                and separatist conflict; and
                    (C) the Government of Indonesia largely fails to 
                hold soldiers and police accountable for extrajudicial 
                killings and other serious human rights abuses, both 
                past and present, including atrocities committed in 
                East Timor prior to its independence from Indonesia;
            (6) condemns the intimidation and harassment of human 
        rights and civil society organizations by members of the 
        Indonesian security forces and military-backed militia groups, 
        and urges a complete investigation of the fatal poisoning of 
        prominent human rights activist Munir in September 2004; and
            (7) urges the Government of Indonesia and the Indonesian 
        military to continue to provide full, active, and unfettered 
        cooperation to the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the 
        Department of Justice in its investigation of the August 31, 
        2002, attack near Timika, Papua, which killed three people 
        (including two Americans, Rick Spier and Ted Burgon) and 
        injured 12 others, and to pursue the indictment, apprehension, 
        and prosecution of all parties responsible for that attack.
    (b) Findings Relating to Papua.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Papua, a resource-rich province whose indigenous 
        inhabitants are predominantly Melanesian, was formerly a colony 
        of the Netherlands.
            (2) While Indonesia has claimed Papua as part of its 
        territory since its independence in the late 1940s, Papua 
        remained under Dutch administrative control until 1962.
            (3) On August 15, 1962, Indonesia and the Netherlands 
        signed an agreement at the United Nations in New York (commonly 
        referred to as the ``New York Agreement'') which transferred 
        administration of Papua first to a United Nations Temporary 
        Executive Authority (UNTEA), and then to Indonesia in 1963, 
        pending an ``act of free choice . . . to permit the inhabitants 
        to decide whether they wish to remain with Indonesia''.
            (4) In the New York Agreement, Indonesia formally 
        recognized ``the eligibility of all adults [in Papua] . . . to 
        participate in [an] act of self-determination to be carried out 
        in accordance with international practice'', and pledged ``to 
        give the people of the territory the opportunity to exercise 
        freedom of choice . . . before the end of 1969''.
            (5) In July and August 1969, Indonesia conducted an ``Act 
        of Free Choice'', in which 1,025 selected Papuan elders voted 
        unanimously to join Indonesia, in circumstances that were 
        subject to both overt and covert forms of manipulation.
            (6) In the intervening years, indigenous Papuans have 
        suffered extensive human rights abuses, natural resource 
        exploitation, environmental degradation, and commercial 
        dominance by immigrant communities, and some individuals and 
        groups estimate that more than 100,000 Papuans have been killed 
        during Indonesian rule, primarily during the Sukarno and 
        Suharto administrations.
            (7) While the United States supports the territorial 
        integrity of Indonesia, Indonesia's historical reliance on 
        force for the maintenance of control has been 
        counterproductive, and long-standing abuses by security forces 
        have galvanized independence sentiments among many Papuans.
            (8) While the Indonesian parliament passed a Special 
        Autonomy Law for Papua in October 2001 that was intended to 
        allocate greater revenue and decision making authority to the 
        Papuan provincial government, the promise of special autonomy 
        has not been effectively realized and has been undermined in 
        its implementation, such as by conflicting legal directives 
        further subdividing the province in apparent contravention of 
        the law and without the consent of appropriate provincial 
        authorities.
            (9) Rather than demilitarizing its approach, Indonesia has 
        reportedly sent thousands of additional troops to Papua, and 
        military operations in the central highlands since the fall of 
        2004 have displaced thousands of civilians into very vulnerable 
        circumstances, contributing further to mistrust of the central 
        government by many indigenous Papuans.
            (10) According to the 2004 Annual Country Report on Human 
        Rights Practices of the Department of State, in Indonesia 
        ``security force members murdered, tortured, raped, beat, and 
        arbitrarily detained civilians and members of separatist 
        movements'' and ``police frequently and arbitrarily detained 
        persons without warrants, charges, or court proceedings'' in 
        Papua.
    (c) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Report on special autonomy.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act and one year 
        thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report detailing 
        implementation of special autonomy for Papua and Aceh. Such 
        reports shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the extent to which each 
                province has enjoyed an increase in revenue allocations 
                and decision making authority;
                    (B) a description of access by international press 
                and non-governmental organizations to each province;
                    (C) an assessment of the role played by local civil 
                society in governance and decision making;
                    (D) a description of force levels and conduct of 
                Indonesian security forces in each province; and
                    (E) a description of United States efforts to 
                promote respect for human rights in each province.
            (2) Report on the 1969 act of free choice.--Not later than 
        180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report analyzing the 1969 Act of 
        Free Choice.

SEC. 1016. MURDERS OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS JOHN BRANCHIZIO, MARK 
                    PARSON, AND JOHN MARIN LINDE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On October 15, 2003, a convoy of clearly identified 
        United States diplomatic vehicles was attacked by Palestinian 
        terrorists in Gaza resulting in the death of United States 
        citizens John Branchizio, Mark Parson, and John Marin Linde, 
        and the injury of a fourth United States citizen.
            (2) John Branchizio, Mark Parson, and John Marin Linde were 
        contract employees providing security to United States 
        diplomatic personnel who were visiting Gaza in order to 
        identify potential Palestinian candidates for Fulbright 
        Scholarships.
            (3) A senior official of the Palestinian Authority was 
        reported to have stated on September 22, 2004, that 
        ``Palestinian security forces know who was behind the killing'' 
        of John Branchizio, Mark Parson, and John Marin Linde.
            (4) Following her visit to Israel and the West Bank on 
        February 7, 2005, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice announced 
        that she had been ``assured by President Abbas of the 
        Palestinian Authority's intention to bring justice to those who 
        murdered three American personnel in the Gaza in 2003''.
            (5) Since the attack on October 15, 2003, United States 
        Government personnel have been prohibited from all travel in 
        Gaza.
            (6) The United States Rewards for Justice program is 
        offering a reward of up to $5,000,000 for information leading 
        to the arrest or conviction of any persons involved in the 
        murder of John Branchizio, Mark Parson, and John Marin Linde.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the continued inability or unwillingness of the 
        Palestinian Authority to actively and aggressively pursue the 
        murderers of United States citizens John Branchizio, Mark 
        Parson, and John Marin Linde and bring them to justice calls 
        into question the Palestinian Authority's viability as a 
        partner for the United States in resolving the Palestinian-
        Israeli conflict;
            (2) future United States assistance to the Palestinian 
        Authority may be affected, and the continued operation of the 
        PLO Representative Office in Washington may be jeopardized, if 
        the Palestinian Authority does not fully and effectively 
        cooperate in bringing to justice the murderers of John 
        Branchizio, Mark Parson, and John Marin Linde; and
            (3) it is in the vital national security interest of the 
        United States to safeguard, to the greatest extent possible 
        consistent with their mission, United States diplomats and all 
        embassy and consulate personnel, and to use the full power of 
        the United States to bring to justice any individual or entity 
        that threatens, jeopardizes, or harms them.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, and every 120 days thereafter, the Secretary of State 
shall submit a report, on a classified basis if necessary, to the 
appropriate congressional committees describing--
            (1) efforts by the United States to bring to justice the 
        murderers of United States citizens John Branchizio, Mark 
        Parson, and John Marin Linde;
            (2) a detailed assessment of efforts by the Palestinian 
        Authority to bring to justice the murderers of John Branchizio, 
        Mark Parson, and John Marin Linde, including--
                    (A) the number of arrests, interrogations, and 
                interviews by Palestinian Authority officials related 
                to the case;
                    (B) the number of Palestinian security personnel 
                and man-hours assigned to the case;
                    (C) the extent of personal supervision or 
                involvement by the President and Ministers of the 
                Palestinian Authority; and
                    (D) the degree of cooperation between the United 
                States and the Palestinian Authority in regards to this 
                case;
            (3) a specific assessment by the Secretary of whether the 
        Palestinian efforts described in paragraph (2) constitute the 
        best possible effort by the Palestinian Authority; and
            (4) any additional steps or initiatives requested or 
        recommended by the United States that were not pursued by the 
        Palestinian Authority.
    (d) Certification.--The requirement to submit a report under 
subsection (c) shall no longer apply if the Secretary of State 
certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the 
murderers of United States citizens John Branchizio, Mark Parson, and 
John Marin Linde have been identified, arrested, and brought to 
justice.
    (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``appropriate 
congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on International Relations and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives; 
        and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate.

SEC. 1017. DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH ISRAEL.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Israel is a friend and ally of the United States whose 
        security is vital to regional stability and United States 
        interests.
            (2) Israel currently maintains diplomatic relations with 
        160 countries, 33 countries do not have any diplomatic 
        relations with Israel, and one country has partial relations 
        with Israel.
            (3) The Government of Israel has been actively seeking to 
        establish formal relations with a number of countries.
            (4) After 57 years of existence, Israel deserves to be 
        treated as an equal country by its neighbors and the world 
        community.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should assist Israel in its efforts to establish diplomatic 
relations.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
includes the following information (in classified or unclassified form, 
as appropriate):
            (1) Actions taken by representatives of the United States 
        to encourage other countries to establish full diplomatic 
        relations with Israel.
            (2) Specific responses solicited and received by the 
        Secretary from countries that do not maintain full diplomatic 
        relations with Israel with respect to their attitudes toward 
        and plans for entering into diplomatic relations with Israel.
            (3) Other measures being undertaken, and measures that will 
        be undertaken, by the United States to ensure and promote 
        Israel's full participation in the world diplomatic community.
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``appropriate 
congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on International Relations and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives; 
        and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate.

SEC. 1018. TAX ENFORCEMENT IN COLOMBIA.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on International 
Relations of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Appropriations of the House 
of Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate a 
report detailing challenges to tax code enforcement in Colombia. This 
report shall include, as a percentage of Colombia's gross domestic 
product, an estimate of current tax revenue, an estimate of potential 
additional tax revenue if Colombia's existing tax laws were fully 
enforced, and a discussion of how such additional revenue could be used 
to achieve the objectives of Plan Colombia, including supporting and 
expanding Colombia's security forces and increasing the availability of 
alternative livelihoods for illicit crop growers and former combatants.

SEC. 1019. PROVISION OF CONSULAR AND VISA SERVICES IN PRISTINA, KOSOVA.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report describing the possibility of 
providing consular and visa services at the United States Office 
Pristina, Kosovo (USOP) to residents of Kosova.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
contain the following information:
            (1) The reasons why consular and visa services are not 
        currently offered at the USOP, even though the Office has been 
        in operation for more than five years.
            (2) Plans for providing consular and visa services at the 
        USOP, including conditions required before such services would 
        be provided and the planned timing for providing such services.
            (3) An explanation of why consular and visa services will 
        not be offered at the USOP by January 1, 2007, if such services 
        are not planned to be offered by such date.
            (4) The number of residents of Kosova who apply for their 
        visas outside of Kosova for each calendar year from 2000-2005.

SEC. 1020. DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN.

    Not later than December 31 in each of fiscal years 2006 and 2007, 
the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
a report that contains a description of the extent to which, over the 
preceding 12-month period, the Government of Pakistan has restored a 
fully functional democracy in Pakistan in which free, fair, and 
transparent elections are held.

SEC. 1021. STATUS OF THE SOVEREIGNTY OF LEBANON.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) all parties in the Middle East and internationally 
        should exert every effort to implement in its entirety the 
        provisions of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1559 
        (2004), which, among other things--
                    (A) calls for ``strict respect'' for Lebanon's 
                sovereignty, territorial integrity, unity, and 
                political independence ``under the sole and exclusive 
                authority of the Government of Lebanon throughout 
                Lebanon'';
                    (B) calls upon all remaining foreign forces to 
                withdraw from Lebanon;
                    (C) calls for the ``disbanding and disarmament of 
                all Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias''; and
                    (D) supports the extension of the control of the 
                Government of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory;
            (2) in accordance with United Nations Security Council 
        Resolution 1559, all militias in Lebanon, including Hizballah, 
        should be disbanded and disarmed at the earliest possible 
        opportunity, and the armed forces of Lebanon should take full 
        control of all of Lebanon's territory and borders;
            (3) the Government of Lebanon is responsible for the 
        disbanding and disarming of the militias, including Hizballah, 
        and preventing the flow of armaments and other military 
        equipment to the militias, including Hizballah, from Syria, 
        Iran, and other external sources;
            (4) the Government of the United States should closely 
        monitor progress toward full implementation of all aspects of 
        United Nations Security Council Resolution 1559, particularly 
        the matters described in subparagraphs (A) through (D) of 
        paragraph (1);
            (5) the Government of the United States should closely 
        monitor the Government of Lebanon's efforts to stanch the flow 
        of armaments and other military equipment to Hizballah and 
        other militias from external sources, such as Syria and Iran;
            (6) the United States and its allies should consider 
        providing training and other assistance to the armed forces of 
        Lebanon to enhance their ability to disarm Hizballah and other 
        militias and stanch the flow of arms to Hizballah and other 
        militias; and
            (7) United States assistance provided to Lebanon after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act may be affected if Lebanon 
        does not make every effort to disarm militias, including 
        Hizballah, and to deny them re-armament.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the Secretary of 
State shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
that describes and evaluates--
            (1) the extent to which armed militias continue to operate 
        in Lebanon and the progress of the Government of Lebanon to 
        disband and disarm such militias;
            (2) the extent to which the Government of Lebanon is 
        committed to disbanding and disarming Hizballah and other 
        militias and stanching the flow of arms to Hizballah and other 
        militias;
            (3) the progress of the armed forces of Lebanon to deploy 
        to and take full control of all of Lebanon's borders;
            (4) the extent to which countries in the region attempt to 
        direct arms to Lebanon-based militias or allow their territory 
        to be traversed for this purpose and the extent to which these 
        armament efforts succeed;
            (5) the routes and means used by external sources 
        attempting to supply arms to the Lebanon-based militias the 
        countries that are involved in these efforts;
            (6) the efforts of the United States and its allies to 
        facilitate the process of disbanding and disarming Lebanon-
        based militias and stanching the flow of weapons to such 
        militias; and
            (7) any recommendations for legislation to support the 
        disbanding and disarming of Lebanon-based militias.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (b) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form and may contain a classified annex if necessary.
    (d) Certification.--The requirement to submit a report under 
subsection (b) shall no longer apply if the Secretary certifies to the 
appropriate congressional committees that all Lebanon-based militias 
have been disbanded and disarmed and the armed forces of Lebanon are 
deployed to and in full control of Lebanon's borders.

SEC. 1022. ACTIVITIES OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS IN LATIN 
                    AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) activities in Latin America and the Caribbean by 
        international terrorist organizations and their affiliates and 
        supporters represent a direct threat to the national security 
        of the United States and hemispheric stability;
            (2) international terrorist organizations, such as 
        Hezbollah and Hamas, have profited and taken advantage of the 
        dearth or weakened state of the rule of law in many Latin 
        American and Caribbean countries to further their own aims; and
            (3) the United States should work cooperatively with 
        countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to expose and 
        prevent such activities.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and not later than June 30 of the year 
thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the activities of international 
terrorist organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean. The report 
shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the membership, stated intentions, 
        recruitment, and terrorist fundraising capabilities of each 
        international terrorist organization operating in Latin America 
        and the Caribbean.
            (2) An assessment of the relationship of each such 
        international terrorist organization with other criminal 
        enterprises or terrorist organizations for fundraising and 
        other criminal purposes.
            (3) An assessment of the activities of each such 
        international terrorist organization.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (b) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 1023. ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYING WEAPONS SCIENTISTS FROM THE FORMER 
                    SOVIET UNION IN PROJECT BIOSHIELD.

    (a) Report.--Not later than November 1, 2006, the Secretary of 
State, after consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report containing an analysis of--
            (1) the scientific and technological contributions that 
        scientists formerly employed in the former Soviet Union in the 
        field of biological warfare could make to the research and 
        development of biomedical countermeasures;
            (2) the practical alternative methods through which the 
        services of such scientists could be employed so as to 
        facilitate the application of the knowledge and experience of 
        such scientists to such research and development;
            (3) the cost-effectiveness of those methods of employing 
        the services of such scientists; and
            (4) the desirability and national security implications of 
        providing employment opportunities for such scientists in the 
        field of research and development of biomedical countermeasures 
        for purposes of biological weapons nonproliferation.
    (b) Recommendations.--Each Secretary shall also include in the 
report required under subsection (a) any recommendations of each for 
appropriate legislation to address the issues analyzed in the report.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``biomedical 
countermeasures'' means a drug (as such term is defined in section 
201(g)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 
321(g)(1))), biological product (as such term is defined in section 
351(i) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(i))), or device 
(as such term is defined in section 201(h) of the Federal Food, Drug, 
and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321(h))) that is used--
            (1) in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or 
        prevention of harm from any biological, chemical, radiological, 
        or nuclear agent that may cause a public health emergency 
        affecting national security; or
            (2) in diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or 
        prevention of harm from a condition that may result in adverse 
        health consequences or death.

SEC. 1024. EXTRADITION OF VIOLENT CRIMINALS FROM MEXICO TO THE UNITED 
                    STATES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Mexico is unable to extradite criminals who face life 
        sentences without the possibility of parole because of a 2001 
        decision of the Mexican Supreme Court.
            (2) As a result of this ruling, Mexico is unable to 
        extradite to the United States numerous suspects wanted for 
        violent crimes committed in the United States unless the United 
        States assures Mexico that these criminals will not face life 
        imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
            (3) The attorneys general from all 50 States have asked the 
        Government of the United States to continue to address this 
        extradition issue with the Government of Mexico.
            (4) The Government of the United States and the Government 
        of Mexico have experienced positive cooperation on numerous 
        matters relevant to their bilateral relationship, including 
        increased cooperation on extraditions.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Government of the United States should encourage the Government of 
Mexico to continue to work closely with the Mexican Supreme Court to 
urge the Court to re-visit its October 2001 ruling so that the 
possibility of life imprisonment without parole will not have an effect 
on the timely extradition of criminal suspects from Mexico to the 
United States.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Annual number and status of formal extradition requests 
        made to mexico by the united states.--Not later than six months 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act and annually 
        thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the number of formal requests made to the 
                Government of Mexico by the Government of the United 
                States for the extradition of Mexican nationals 
                suspected of or convicted in abstentia for crimes 
                committed in the United States in the preceding fiscal 
                year, the names of such nationals, the crimes of which 
                each such national is suspected or has been convicted 
                in abstentia, a detailed disposition of the status of 
                each such extradition request, and the progress that 
                has been made with respect to each such extradition 
                request in the preceding fiscal year; and
                    (B) the number of such nationals who Mexico has 
                extradited to the United States in response to formal 
                extradition requests for such nationals in the 
                preceding fiscal year.
            (2) Aggregate number and status of formal extradition 
        requests made to mexico by the united states.--Not later than 
        six months after the date of the enactment of this Act and 
        annually thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the number of formal requests made to the 
                Government of Mexico by the Government of the United 
                States for the extradition of Mexican nationals 
                suspected of or convicted in abstentia for crimes 
                committed in the United States since the signing of the 
                Extradition treaty, with appendix, between the United 
                States and Mexico, signed at Mexico City on May 4, 1978 
                (31 UST 5059), including the names of such nationals, 
                the crimes of which each such national is suspected or 
                has been convicted in abstentia, a detailed disposition 
                of the status of each such extradition request, and the 
                progress that has been made with respect to each such 
                extradition request since such signing; and
                    (B) the number of such nationals who Mexico has 
                extradited to the United States in response to formal 
                extradition requests for such nationals since the 
                signing of the Extradition treaty, with appendix 
                between the United States and Mexico.
            (3) Cooperation by the united states with extradition 
        requests from mexico.--Not later than six months after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the 
        Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the number of United States nationals who the 
                United States has extradited to Mexico in response to 
                formal extradition requests for such nationals by 
                Mexico in the preceding fiscal year; and
                    (B) the number of United States nationals who the 
                United States has extradited to Mexico in response to 
                formal extradition requests for such nationals by 
                Mexico since the signing of the Extradition treaty, 
                with appendix between the United States and Mexico.
    (d) Form.--If the Secretary of State determines that such is 
appropriate, the Secretary may submit a report required under 
subsection (c) with a classified annex.

SEC. 1025. ACTIONS OF THE 661 COMMITTEE.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on United States 
decisions, actions, communications, and deliberations in the 661 
Committee of the United Nations regarding the issues of overpricing of 
contracts, kickbacks from sales of humanitarian goods, efforts to 
correct and revalue the remaining contracts in the post-Saddam Hussein 
regime era, oil smuggling, and trade protocols. The report shall 
examine the process by which the United States made its decisions in 
the 661 Committee, the officials in the United States Government 
involved in these decisions, and the names of the officials who made 
the final decisions. The report shall also include information 
detailing the positions of the other members states of the 661 
Committee with respect to the issues described in this subsection.
    (b) Inclusion of Supporting Documents.--The report required under 
subsection (a) shall contain all supporting documents with respect to 
the decisions, actions, communications, and deliberations referred in 
such subsection.
    (c) Format.--If the Secretary determines that such is appropriate, 
the Secretary may submit the report required under subsection (a) with 
a classified annex.
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``661 Committee'' means 
the committee within the United Nations that was tasked with 
administering the United Nations oil for food program.

SEC. 1026. ELIMINATION OF REPORT ON REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS.

    Section 12 of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 
303) is hereby repealed.

                   TITLE XI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

SEC. 1101. STATEMENT OF POLICY RELATING TO DEMOCRACY IN IRAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Iran is neither free nor democratic. Men and women are 
        not treated equally in Iran, women are legally deprived of 
        internationally recognized human rights, and religious freedom 
        is not respected under the laws of Iran. Undemocratic 
        institutions, such as the Guardians Council, thwart the 
        decisions of elected leaders.
            (2) The April 2005 report of the Department of State states 
        that Iran remained the most active state sponsor of terrorism 
        in 2004.
            (3) That report also states that Iran continues to provide 
        funding, safe-haven, training, and weapons to known terrorist 
        groups, including Hizballah, Hamas, the Palestine Islamic 
        Jihad, al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, and the Popular Front for the 
        Liberation of Palestine, and has harbored senior members of al-
        Qaeda.
    (b) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States that--
            (1) currently, there is not a free and fully democratic 
        government in Iran;
            (2) the United States supports transparent, full democracy 
        in Iran;
            (3) the United States supports the rights of the Iranian 
        people to choose their system of government; and
            (4) the United States condemns the brutal treatment, 
        imprisonment, and torture of Iranian civilians who express 
        political dissent.

SEC. 1102. IRANIAN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Iran remains the world's leading sponsors of 
        international terrorism and is on the Department of State's 
        list of countries that provide support for acts of 
        international terrorism.
            (2) Iran has repeatedly called for the destruction of 
        Israel, and Iran supports organizations, such as Hizballah, 
        Hamas, and the Palestine Islamic Jihad, that deny Israel's 
        right to exist and are responsible for terrorist attacks 
        against Israel.
            (3) The Ministry of Defense of the Government of Iran 
        confirmed in July 2003 that it had successfully conducted the 
        final test of the Shahab-3 missile, giving Iran an operational 
        intermediate-range ballistic missile capable of striking both 
        Israel and United States troops throughout the Middle East and 
        Afghanistan.
            (4) Inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency 
        (IAEA) in Iran have revealed significant undeclared activities, 
        including plutonium reprocessing efforts.
            (5) Plutonium reprocessing is a necessary step in a nuclear 
        weapons program that uses plutonium created in a reactor.
            (6) Iran continues to assert its right to pursue nuclear 
        power and related technology, continues constructing a heavy 
        water reactor that is ideal for making plutonium for weapons, 
        and has not fully cooperated with the ongoing investigation by 
        the IAEA of its nuclear activities.
            (7) The United States has publicly opposed the completion 
        of reactors at the Bushehr nuclear power plant because the 
        transfer of civilian nuclear technology and training could help 
        to advance Iran's nuclear weapons program.
            (8) Russia, in spite of strong international concern that 
        Iran intended to use civilian nuclear energy plants to develop 
        nuclear weapons, provided Iran with support to complete the 
        Bushehr nuclear facility.
            (9) Russia intends to begin supplying the Bushehr nuclear 
        facility with fuel in June 2005, and the Bushehr nuclear plant 
        is expected to begin operation at the beginning of 2006.
            (10) The Iranian parliament has ratified a bill supporting 
        the construction of 20 new nuclear power plants.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) Russia's provision of assistance to Iran on the Bushehr 
        nuclear reactor is inconsistent with the nonproliferation goals 
        of the United States;
            (2) Iran's stated plans to construct 20 new nuclear 
        facilities and its development of nuclear technologies, coupled 
        with acknowledged and unacknowledged ties to terrorist groups, 
        constitute a threat to global peace and security; and
            (3) the national security interests of the United States 
        will best be served if the United States develops and 
        implements a long-term strategy to halt all foreign nuclear 
        cooperation with Iran.
    (c) Statement of Congress.--Congress calls upon the leaders of the 
governments of the G-8 to--
            (1) insist that the Government of Russia terminate all 
        assistance, including fuel shipments, to the Bushehr nuclear 
        facility in Iran; and
            (2) condition Russia's continued membership in the G-8 on 
        Russia's termination of all assistance, including fuel 
        shipments, to the Bushehr facility and to any other nuclear 
        plants in Iran.

SEC. 1103. LOCATION OF INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN AFRICA.

    (a) Statement of Congress.--Congress declares that, for the purpose 
of maintaining regional balances with respect to the location of 
international organizations and institutions in Africa, such 
organizations or institutions, such as the African Development Bank, 
that move their headquarters offices from their original locations for 
reasons of security should return once those security issues have been 
resolved or should relocate to another country in the region in which 
the organization or institution was originally headquartered.
    (b) Consultations Regarding Return.--The Secretary of State is 
authorized to begin consultations with appropriate parties to determine 
the feasibility of returning such organizations and institutions to the 
regions in which they were originally headquartered.

SEC. 1104. BENJAMIN GILMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

    Section 305 of the International Academic Opportunity Act of 2000, 
(title III of the Microenterprise for Self-Reliance and International 
Anti-Corruption Act of 2000) (Public Law 106-309; 22 U.S.C. 2462 note) 
is amended by striking ``$1,500,000'' and inserting ``$4,000,000''.

SEC. 1105. PROHIBITION ON COMMEMORATIONS RELATING TO LEADERS OF 
                    IMPERIAL JAPAN.

    The Department of State, both in Washington and at United States 
diplomatic missions and facilities in foreign countries, shall not 
engage in any activity, including the celebration of the recently 
enacted Showa holiday, which may, in any manner, serve to commemorate 
or be construed as serving to commemorate leaders of Imperial Japan who 
were connected to the attack on the United States Fleet at Pearl 
Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941.

SEC. 1106. UNITED STATES POLICY REGARDING WORLD BANK GROUP LOANS TO 
                    IRAN.

    (a) United States Policy.--The Secretary of State, in consultation 
with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall work to secure the support of 
the governments of countries represented on the decisionmaking boards 
and councils of the international financial institutions of the World 
Bank Group to oppose any further activity in Iran by the international 
financial institutions of the World Bank Group until Iran abandons its 
program to develop nuclear weapons.
    (b) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after the Secretary 
initiates efforts to carry out subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
notify the appropriate congressional committees of such efforts.
    (c) World Bank Group Defined.--As used in this section, the term 
``World Bank Group'' means the International Bank for Reconstruction 
and Development, the International Development Association, the 
International Financial Corporation, and the Multilateral Investment 
Guaranty Agency.

SEC. 1107. STATEMENT OF POLICY REGARDING SUPPORT FOR SECI REGIONAL 
                    CENTER FOR COMBATING TRANS-BORDER CRIME.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) 
        Regional Center for Combating Trans-Border Crime, located in 
        Bucharest, Romania, is composed of police and customs officers 
        from each of the 12 member states of SECI: Albania, Bosnia and 
        Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, 
        Moldova, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro and Turkey.
            (2) The SECI Regional Center supports joint trans-border 
        crime fighting efforts through the establishment of task 
        forces, including task forces relating to trafficking in human 
        beings, anti-drugs, financial and computer crimes, stolen 
        vehicles, anti-smuggling and anti-fraud, and terrorism.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to 
continue to support the activities of the SECI Regional Center for 
Combating Trans-border Crime.

SEC. 1108. STATEMENT OF POLICY URGING TURKEY TO RESPECT THE RIGHTS AND 
                    RELIGIOUS FREEDOMS OF THE ECUMENICAL PATRIARCH.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Turkey is scheduled to begin accession negotiations 
        with the European Union on October 3, 2005.
            (2) In 1993 the European Union defined the membership 
        criteria for accession to the European Union at the Copenhagen 
        European Council, obligating candidate countries to have 
        achieved certain levels of reform, including stability of 
        institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, and human 
        rights, and respect for and protection of minorities.
            (3) The Government of Turkey refuses to recognize the 
        Ecumenical Patriarch's international status.
            (4) The Government of Turkey has limited to Turkish 
        nationals the candidates available to the Holy Synod for 
        selection as the Ecumenical Patriarch and has refused to reopen 
        the Theological School at Halki, thus impeding training for the 
        clergy.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--Congress--
            (1) calls on Turkey to continue to demonstrate its 
        willingness to adopt and uphold European standards for the 
        protection of human rights;
            (2) based on the ideals associated with the European Union 
        and its member states, calls on Turkey to eliminate all forms 
        of discrimination, particularly those based on race or 
        religion, and immediately--
                    (A) grant the Ecumenical Patriarch appropriate 
                international recognition and ecclesiastic succession;
                    (B) grant the Ecumenical Patriarchate the right to 
                train clergy of all nationalities, not just Turkish 
                nationals; and
                    (C) respect property rights and human rights of the 
                Ecumenical Patriarchate; and
            (3) calls on Turkey to pledge to uphold and safeguard 
        religious and human rights without compromise.

SEC. 1109. STATEMENT OF POLICY REGARDING THE MURDER OF UNITED STATES 
                    CITIZEN JOHN M. ALVIS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) On November 30, 2000, United States citizen John M. 
        Alvis was brutally murdered in Baku, Azerbaijan.
            (2) John M. Alvis was serving his final two weeks of a two 
        year full-time commitment to the International Republican 
        Institute, a United States nongovernmental organization 
        carrying out assistance projects for the Government of the 
        United States to help promote democracy and strengthen the rule 
        of law in Azerbaijan.
            (3) The United States is committed to ensuring that the 
        truth of the murder of John M. Alvis is determined and the 
        individual or individuals who are responsible for this heinous 
        act are brought to justice.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--Congress--
            (1) appreciates the efforts of the Government of Azerbaijan 
        to find the individual or individuals who are responsible for 
        the murder of United States citizen John M. Alvis and urges the 
        Government of Azerbaijan to continue to make these efforts a 
        high priority; and
            (2) urges the Secretary of State to continue to raise the 
        issue of the murder of United States citizen John M. Alvis with 
        the Government of Azerbaijan and to make this issue a priority 
        in relations between the Government of the United States and 
        the Government of Azerbaijan.

SEC. 1110. STATEMENT OF CONGRESS AND POLICY WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                    DISENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Following the May 16, 2005, decision of the Kuwaiti 
        parliament to enfranchise its female citizens, Saudi Arabia is 
        now the only country in world that restricts the franchise and 
        the right to hold elected office to men only.
            (2) Only men were allowed to vote and run for office in 
        Saudi Arabia's municipal elections held earlier this year, the 
        first elections of any kind that Saudi Arabia has held since 
        1963.
    (b) Statements of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) strongly condemns the disenfranchisement of women, 
        including restrictions that prevent women from holding office; 
        and
            (2) calls on the Government of Saudi Arabia to, at the 
        earliest possible time, promulgate a law that grants women the 
        right to vote and to run for office in all future Saudi 
        elections, whether local, provincial, or national.
    (c) Policy.--The President is encouraged to take such action as the 
President considers appropriate, including a downgrading of diplomatic 
relations, to encourage countries that disenfranchise only women to 
grant women the rights to vote and hold office.

                Subtitle B--Sense of Congress Provisions

SEC. 1111. KOREAN FULBRIGHT PROGRAMS.

    It is the sense of Congress that Fulbright program activities for 
the Republic of Korea (commonly referred to as ``South Korea'') 
should--
            (1) include participation by students from throughout South 
        Korea, including proportional representation from areas outside 
        of Seoul;
            (2) attempt to include Korean students from a broad range 
        of educational institutions, including schools other than elite 
        universities;
            (3) broaden the Korean student emphasis beyond degree-
        seeking graduate students to include opportunities for one-year 
        nondegree study at United States colleges and universities by 
        pre-doctoral Korean students; and
            (4) include a significant number of Korean students 
        planning to work or practice in areas other than advanced 
        research and university teaching, such as in government 
        service, media, law, and business.

SEC. 1112. UNITED STATES RELATIONS WITH TAIWAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) it is in the national interests of the United States to 
        communicate directly with democratically elected and appointed 
        officials of Taiwan, including the President of Taiwan, the 
        Vice-President of Taiwan, the Foreign Minister of Taiwan, and 
        the Defense Minister of Taiwan;
            (2) the Department of State should, in accordance with 
        Public Law 103-416, admit such high level officials of Taiwan 
        to the United States to discuss issues of mutual concern with 
        United States officials; and
            (3) the Department of State should, in cooperation with the 
        Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Taiwan, facilitate high level 
        meetings between such high level officials of Taiwan and their 
        counterparts in the United States.

SEC. 1113. NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND A. Q. KHAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, former director of the A.Q. Khan 
        Research Laboratory in Pakistan and Special Adviser to the 
        Prime Minister on the Strategic Programme, had the status of a 
        federal minister and established and operated an illegal 
        international network which sold nuclear weapons and related 
        technologies to a variety of countries.
            (2) China provided Dr. Khan with nuclear weapons designs, 
        and the illegal international nuclear proliferation network 
        established by Dr. Khan may have provided other countries with 
        these designs.
            (3) The illegal international nuclear proliferation network 
        established by Dr. Khan assisted Iran with its nuclear program 
        by supplying Iran with uranium-enrichment technology, including 
        centrifuge equipment and designs.
            (4) The illegal international nuclear proliferation network 
        established by Dr. Khan assisted North Korea with its nuclear 
        weapons program by providing centrifuge technology, including 
        designs and complete centrifuges.
            (5) The illegal international nuclear proliferation network 
        established by Dr. Khan assisted Libya with its nuclear program 
        by providing blueprints of centrifuge parts and thousands of 
        assembled centrifuge parts.
            (6) There is concern that the illegal international nuclear 
        proliferation network created by Dr. Khan may be still in 
        existence and its work still on-going.
            (7) Defense cooperation and technology transfer between 
        China and Pakistan have been recently strengthened, including 
        the codevelopment and manufacturing of a minimum of 400 J-17 
        ``Thunder'' fighter aircraft, with a minimum of 250 going to 
        China. This and other Chinese-Pakistani technology sharing 
        provides an expanded basis for further Pakistani proliferation 
        of advanced military technology.
            (8) The illegal international nuclear proliferation network 
        established by Dr. Khan is a threat to United States national 
        security.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States--
            (1) should continue efforts to--
                    (A) dismantle the illegal international nuclear 
                proliferation network created by Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan; 
                and
                    (B) counter, through diplomacy and negotiation, the 
                proliferation of weapons of mass destruction from 
                Pakistan to other countries;
            (2) should request and Pakistan should grant access to 
        interview Dr. Khan and his top associates to determine in 
        greater detail what technology his network provided or received 
        from Iran, North Korea, Libya, and China; and
            (3) should take the steps necessary to ensure that Pakistan 
        has verifiably halted any cooperation with any country in the 
        development of nuclear or missile technology, material, or 
        equipment, or any other technology, material, or equipment that 
        is useful for the development of weapons of mass destruction, 
        including exports of such technology, material, or equipment.

SEC. 1114. PALESTINIAN TEXTBOOKS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Since 1993, the United States has provided more than 
        $1,400,000,000 to assist the Palestinian people, including to 
        assist with the process of strengthening the Palestinian 
        educations system.
            (2) Since 1950, the United States has provided more than 
        $3,200,000,000 in assistance to United Nations Relief and Works 
        Agency (UNRWA), which operates schools in camps housing 
        Palestinians.
            (3) The Palestinian Authority has undertaken a reform of 
        its textbooks, a process which will be completed in 2006.
            (4) These new textbooks, while an improvement over past 
        texts, fail in many respects to foster attitudes amongst the 
        Palestinian people conducive to peace with Israel, including 
        references to the infamous Protocols of the Elders of Zion, 
        failure to acknowledge the State of Israel, and failure to 
        discuss Jews in sections dealing with religious tolerance.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of State should express in the strongest possible terms 
United States opposition to the inclusion in Palestinian textbooks of 
materials which foster anti-Semitism and rejection of peace with 
Israel, and to express the unwillingness of the United States to 
continue to support educational programs of the Palestinian Authority, 
whether directly or indirectly, should the Palestinian Authority 
continue to include material which does not foster tolerance and peace.

SEC. 1115. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION AFFIRMING THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND 
                    DIGNITY OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) There are more than 600,000,000 people who have a 
        disability and more than two-thirds of all persons with 
        disabilities live in developing countries.
            (2) Only two percent of children with disabilities in 
        developing countries receive any education or rehabilitation.
            (3) A substantial shift has occurred globally from an 
        approach of charity toward persons with disabilities to the 
        recognition of the inherent universal human rights of persons 
        with disabilities.
            (4) A clearly defined international standard addressing the 
        rights of persons with disabilities would assist developing 
        countries in the creation and implementation of national laws 
        protecting those rights.
            (5) To better protect and promote the rights of persons 
        with disabilities and to establish international norms, the 
        United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 56/168 
        (December 19, 2001) which established an ad hoc committee to 
        consider proposals for a comprehensive and integral 
        international convention that affirms the human rights and 
        dignity of persons with disabilities.
            (6) With the strong commitment and leadership of the United 
        States and the vast domestic experience of the United States in 
        the advancement of disability rights, the world community can 
        benefit from United States participation in the drafting of an 
        international convention that affirms the human rights and 
        dignity of persons with disabilities.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States should play a leading role in the 
        drafting of an international convention that affirms the human 
        rights and dignity of persons with disabilities and which is 
        consistent with the Constitution of the United States, the 
        Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and other rights 
        enjoyed by United States citizens with disabilities;
            (2) for this purpose, the President should authorize the 
        Secretary of State to send to the Sixth Session of the United 
        Nations Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral 
        International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the 
        Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities to be held in 
        August 2005 and to subsequent sessions of the Ad Hoc Committee 
        a United States delegation which includes individuals with 
        disabilities who are recognized leaders in the United States 
        disability rights movement; and
            (3) the United States delegation referred to in paragraph 
        (2) should seek the input and advice of the Department of 
        State's Advisory Committee on Persons with Disabilities with 
        respect to matters considered at the Sixth Session of the 
        United Nations Ad Hoc Committee and subsequent sessions.

SEC. 1116. FULBRIGHT SCHOLARSHIPS FOR EAST ASIA AND THE PACIFIC.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) From 1949-2003, the Department of State awarded 13,176 
        Fulbright Scholarships to students from East Asia and the 
        Pacific, but only 31 went to Pacific Island students.
            (2) In 2003-2004, the Department of State awarded 315 
        scholarships to students from East Asia and the Pacific, but 
        none were awarded to Pacific Island students.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department of State should conduct a review and submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report regarding the 
marginalization of Pacific Islands students in the awarding of 
Fulbright Scholarships.

SEC. 1117. BAKU-TBILISI-CEYHAN ENERGY PIPELINE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) It has been the long-standing policy of the United 
        States to support the independence, security, and economic 
        development of the newly independent states of the Caspian Sea 
        region.
            (2) The growth and stability of the newly independent 
        states of the Caspian Sea region will be greatly enhanced by 
        the development of their extensive oil and natural gas 
        resources and the export of these resources unhindered along an 
        east-west energy transportation corridor.
            (3) The establishment of an east-west energy transportation 
        corridor would enhance the energy security of the United 
        States, Turkey, and other United States allies by ensuring an 
        unhindered flow of energy from the Caspian Sea region to world 
        markets.
            (4) The centerpiece of the proposed east-west energy 
        transportation corridor is the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) 
        pipeline, which was first endorsed by the relevant regional 
        governments in 1998 and which will carry one million barrels of 
        Caspian Sea oil per day from Baku, Azerbaijan, to Ceyhan, 
        Turkey, via a route that passes through Tbilisi, Georgia.
            (5) The BTC pipeline was inaugurated on May 25, 2005, and 
        Caspian Sea oil exports from the port of Ceyhan, Turkey, will 
        begin later this year.
            (6) The BTC pipeline project has received strong bipartisan 
        support during the administrations of both Presidents Bill 
        Clinton and George W. Bush.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the governments and peoples of Turkey and the newly 
        independent states of the Caspian Sea region should be 
        congratulated for the successful completion of the Baku-
        Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline;
            (2) the policy of the United States to support the 
        independence, security, and economic development of the newly 
        independent states of the Caspian Sea region should be 
        reaffirmed; and
            (3) projects should be encouraged that would further 
        develop the east-west energy transportation corridor between 
        the newly independent states of the Caspian Sea region and 
        Europe and that advance the strategic goals of the United 
        States, especially the promotion of appropriate multiple routes 
        for the transportation to world markets of oil and gas from the 
        Caspian Sea region.

SEC. 1118. LEGISLATION REQUIRING THE FAIR, COMPREHENSIVE, AND 
                    NONDISCRIMINATORY RESTITUTION OF PRIVATE PROPERTY 
                    CONFISCATED IN POLAND.

    (a) Findings.--Congress find the following:
            (1) The protection of and respect for property rights is a 
        basic tenet for all democratic governments that operate 
        according to the rule of law.
            (2) Private properties were seized and confiscated by the 
        Nazis in occupied Poland or by the Communist Polish government 
        after World War II.
            (3) Some post-Communist countries in Europe have taken 
        steps toward compensating individuals whose property was seized 
        and confiscated by the Nazis during World War II and by 
        Communist governments after World War II.
            (4) Poland has continuously failed to enact legislation 
        that requires realistically achievable restitution or 
        compensation for those individuals who had their private 
        property seized and confiscated.
            (5) Although President Aleksander Kwasniewski of Poland 
        later exercised his veto power, in March 2001 the Polish 
        Parliament passed a bill that would have provided compensation 
        for seized and confiscated property, but only to individuals 
        who were registered as Polish citizens as of December 31, 1999, 
        thereby excluding all those individuals who emigrated from 
        Poland during and after World War II.
            (6) President Kwasniewski met in 2002 with congressional 
        leaders of the United States Helsinki Commission and stated 
        that he intended to draft a new law requiring the restitution 
        of previously seized and confiscated private property that 
        would not discriminate based on the residency or citizenship of 
        an individual, and which would be ready to take effect by the 
        beginning of 2003.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) Poland should develop a final and complete settlement 
        for those individuals who had their private property seized and 
        confiscated by the Nazis during World War II or by the 
        Communist Polish government after the war;
            (2) restitution should be made in a timely manner if they 
        are to be of any benefit to the many Holocaust survivors who 
        are in their eighties or older; and
            (3) the President and the Secretary of State should engage, 
        as appropriate--
                    (A) in an open dialogue with the Government of 
                Poland supporting the adoption of legislation requiring 
                the fair, comprehensive, and nondiscriminatory 
                restitution of or compensation for private property 
                that was seized and confiscated; and
                    (B) in follow-up discussions with the Government of 
                Poland regarding the status and implementation of such 
                legislation.

SEC. 1119. CHILD LABOR PRACTICES IN THE COCOA SECTORS OF COTE D'IVOIRE 
                    AND GHANA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Government of the Republic of Cote d'Ivoire and the 
        Government of the Republic of Ghana should be commended for the 
        tangible steps they have taken to address the situation of 
        child labor in the cocoa sector;
            (2) the Government of Cote d'Ivoire and the Government of 
        Ghana should consider child labor and forced labor issues top 
        priorities;
            (3) the chocolate industry signatories to the September 19, 
        2001, voluntary Protocol for the Growing and Processing of 
        Cocoa Beans and their Derivative Products in a Manner that 
        Complies with ILO Convention 182 Concerning the Prohibition and 
        Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of 
        Child Labor should meet the sixth and final pillar of the 
        Protocol, to ``develop and implement credible, mutually-
        acceptable, voluntary, industry-wide standards of public 
        certification, consistent with applicable federal law, that 
        cocoa beans and their derivative products have been grown and/
        or processed without any of the worst forms of child labor'' by 
        July 1, 2005;
            (4) the chocolate industry, nongovernmental organizations, 
        and the Government of Cote d'Ivoire and the Government of Ghana 
        should continue their efforts in full force beyond July 1, 
        2005, to develop and implement a system to monitor child labor 
        in the cocoa industry of Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana;
            (5) the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons 
        of the Department of State should include information on the 
        association between trafficking in persons and the cocoa 
        industries of Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, and other cocoa producing 
        regions in the annual trafficking in persons report to 
        Congress; and
            (6) the Department of State should assist the Government of 
        Cote d'Ivoire and the Government of Ghana in preventing the 
        trafficking of persons into the cocoa fields and other 
        industries in West Africa.

SEC. 1120. CONTRIBUTIONS OF IRAQI KURDS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Iraqi Kurdish forces played a unique and significant 
        role in the fight to liberate Iraq for all Iraqis in 2003.
            (2) Since Iraq's liberation, Iraqi Kurdish leaders have 
        played prominent and constructive roles in the drafting and 
        passage of the Transitional Administrative Law and, more 
        generally, in seeking to achieve a free, stable, and democratic 
        Iraq.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) Iraqi Kurds should be commended for their many 
        contributions and sacrifices made in the cause of creating a 
        free, stable, and democratic Iraq; and
            (2) the Iraqi Transitional Government and the Kurdistan 
        Regional Government are expected to adhere to the highest 
        standards of democratic governance, including through 
        enforcement of full equality and rights for all religious and 
        ethnic minorities, such as Assyrians and Turcomans.

SEC. 1121. PROLIFERATION SECURITY INITIATIVE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of State should strive to expand and 
        strengthen the Proliferation Security Initiative announced on 
        May 31, 2003, by President George W. Bush, placing particular 
        emphasis on including countries outside of the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization (NATO); and
            (2) the United States should seek an international 
        instrument, in the form of a United Nations Security Council 
        resolution, multilateral treaty, or other agreement, to enhance 
        international cooperation with the Proliferation Security 
        Initiative regarding the interdiction, seizure, and impoundment 
        in international waters and airspace of illicit shipments of 
        weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems and of 
        related materials, equipment, and technology.

SEC. 1122. SECURITY OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND MATERIALS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President should seek to 
devise and implement standards to improve the security of nuclear 
weapons and materials by--
            (1) establishing with other willing nations a set of 
        guidelines containing performance-based standards for the 
        security of nuclear weapons and materials;
            (2) negotiating with those nations agreements to adopt 
        guidelines containing performance-based standards and implement 
        appropriate verification measures to assure ongoing compliance;
            (3) coordinating with those nations and the International 
        Atomic Energy Agency to strongly encourage other nations to 
        adopt and verifiably implement the standards; and
            (4) encouraging all nations to work with the International 
        Atomic Energy Agency to complete the negotiation, adoption, and 
        implementation of its proposed series of documents related to 
        the security of nuclear materials.

SEC. 1123. INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT AND GENOCIDE IN DARFUR, SUDAN.

    Based upon the adoption of resolutions on July 22, 2004, by both 
the House of Representatives and the Senate and the declaration on 
September 9, 2004, by former Secretary of State Colin Powell that the 
atrocities unfolding in Darfur, Sudan, are genocide, it is the sense of 
Congress that, notwithstanding the American Servicemembers' Protection 
Act of 2002 (title II of the 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act for 
Further Recovery From and Response To Terrorist Attacks on the United 
States; Public Law 107-206), the United States should render assistance 
to the efforts of the International Criminal Court to bring to justice 
persons accused of genocide, war crimes, or crimes against humanity in 
Darfur, Sudan, provided that legally binding assurances have been 
received from the United Nations Security Council or the International 
Criminal Court that no current or former United States Government 
official, employee (including any contractor), member of the United 
States Armed Forces, or United States national will be subject to 
prosecution by the International Criminal Court in connection with 
those efforts.

SEC. 1124. ACTION AGAINST AL-MANAR TELEVISION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) in 1996, the Secretary of State designated Hizballah as 
        a foreign terrorist organization (FTO) under section 219 of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act;
            (2) al-Manar television is owned and controlled by 
        Hizballah and acts on behalf of Hizballah, as openly 
        acknowledged by Hizballah leader Hasan Nasrallah;
            (3) al-Manar's programming, in accordance with Hizballah's 
        policy, openly promotes hatred of and graphically glorifies and 
        incites violence, including suicide bombings, against 
        Americans, Israelis, and Jews;
            (4) in December 2004, the Secretary of State placed al-
        Manar on its Terrorist Exclusion List, immediately after which 
        the sole satellite company that broadcast al-Manar in North 
        America pulled al-Manar off the air;
            (5) in recent months, several European Union (EU) countries 
        and EU-based satellite companies have taken actions that 
        severely limit al-Manar's broadcasting reach in Europe; and
            (6) al-Manar continues to broadcast to all of the Arab 
        world, much of non-Arab Asia, most of Central and South 
        America, and parts of Europe, with the cooperation of companies 
        headquartered in Europe and the Arab world.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) all countries that host satellite companies that 
        broadcast al-Manar, on whose territory al-Manar may be viewed 
        over media subject to government regulation, or where 
        advertising or other financial support for al-Manar originates, 
        should take action, by the strongest and most comprehensive 
        appropriate means available, to suppress al-Manar's terroristic 
        programming; and
            (2) the Arab States Broadcasting Union, which is part of 
        the Arab League, should revoke al-Manar's membership status 
        because of al-Manar's promotion of hatred and incitement to 
        violence, including suicide bombings, directed toward 
        Americans, Israelis, and Jews.

SEC. 1125. STABILITY AND SECURITY IN IRAQ.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President should transmit to 
the appropriate congressional committees as soon as possible after the 
date of the enactment of this Act the plan to provide for a stable and 
secure government of Iraq and an Iraqi military and police force that 
will allow the United States military presence in Iraq to be 
diminished.

SEC. 1126. PROPERTY EXPROPRIATED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the Government of Ethiopia 
should account for, compensate for, or return to United States 
citizens, and entities not less than 50 percent beneficially owned by 
United States citizens, property of such citizens and entities that has 
been nationalized, expropriated, or otherwise seized by the Government 
of Ethiopia before the date of the enactment of this Act in 
contravention of international law.

                                Summary

    The Foreign Relations Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 
2006 and 2007 (H.R. 2601) authorizes funding for the Department 
of State, for the Broadcasting Board of Governors which is 
responsible for U.S. international broadcasting activities, for 
security assistance, and other foreign affairs programs. H.R. 
2601 continues efforts by this Committee to protect the 
national security interests of the United States, reform the 
mission of U.S. foreign policy agencies, and strengthen the 
U.S. diplomatic platform to better serve U.S. citizens and 
promote U.S. interests.
    The legislation also continues efforts to focus on key 
foreign policy and national security problems facing the 
nation. The legislation carries out reforms in the strategic 
export control area to ensure that U.S. military and dual-use 
technology does not get into the hands of our enemies. It 
addresses the problem of the trade in nuclear weapons 
technology that has been uncovered in the last few years and it 
carries out wide-ranging reforms to the Department of State to 
institutionalize efforts to promote democracy abroad.

                         Background and Purpose

    This bill provides various authorities for the Department 
of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors to carry out 
operations of the agencies for fiscal years 2006 and 2007. As 
required by law, these agencies must have the authority which 
is provided in this bill to spend appropriated funds.
    In the nearly 4 years since September 11, 2001, there has 
been an increased appreciation for a strong and robust 
diplomatic effort to protect U.S. national interests abroad. 
H.R. 2601 continues the Committee's support for that effort. 
The legislation meets the President's request for increases in 
the amount for the daily operations of the Department of State, 
particularly its diplomatic operations abroad. Each U.S. 
Embassy is the platform for the implementation of U.S. foreign 
policy interests in each country, and serves as the base of 
operations for numerous U.S. agencies, including the Defense 
Department, the Justice Department, the Department of Homeland 
Security, the Treasury Department and virtually every other 
agency of the U.S. Government. In this connection, the 
Committee fully funds the Embassy Security, Construction, and 
Maintenance Account, which ensures that U.S. Government 
employees have safe and secure facilities from which to work. 
The Committee's long-term efforts have been valuable as we note 
that terrorist bombers directed their efforts away from the 
U.S. consulate in Istanbul because of its security measures and 
the security standards resulted in a relatively small loss of 
life suffered in car bombings directed against the U.S. 
consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
    In most of the accounts, the bill matches the President's 
request for funding. The bill recognizes that requirements of 
the State Department to meet demanding new missions in Iraq and 
Afghanistan have required more resources and creative 
approaches to staffing. A greater emphasis over the past 
several years on public diplomacy has resulted in increased 
funding for State Department activities in this area. The 
Broadcasting Board of Governors has also seen increases through 
supplemental funding and regular budget requests for additional 
programming and the creation of the new Middle East 
Broadcasting Networks. The U.S. must continue to have a multi-
faceted public outreach effort and one which is systematically 
assessed. The bill provides these programs with the funds and 
direction to do just that.
    The bill also strengthens the U.S. Government's development 
and execution of nonproliferation and export control policy, 
particularly with respect to countering the proliferation of 
dangerous missile and nuclear technology, and to assure this 
area is properly integrated with U.S. national security 
interests in the global war on terrorism. The bill also takes a 
balanced approach to improve the responsiveness of the export 
control system to legitimate needs of the U.S. business 
community while also enhancing the provision of security 
assistance to other countries.
    Many foreign policy concerns are addressed in this bill. 
Nuclear proliferation is a top concern and the bill suggests 
that the U.S. national interests are greatly served in this 
regard by a stronger International Atomic Energy Agency and by 
stronger responses to black markets in nuclear materials.
    In many other areas of foreign policy concerns the 
Committee has expressed its concern for continued engagement in 
areas of development, human rights, democracy, poverty 
reduction, and improved delivery of foreign assistance 
including efforts to institutionalize the promotion of 
democracy around the world.

                                Hearings

    The Committee and its Subcommittees held numerous hearings 
on issues related to the bill. The Full Committee held two 
hearings. The first, ``International Relations Budget for 
Fiscal Year 2006'' was held on February 17, 2005, with 
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. The other Full Committee 
hearing was held on May 5, 2005, entitled, ``Promoting 
Democracy through Diplomacy.'' Testimony was received from the 
following: Rep. Frank R. Wolf; Hon. Paula Dobriansky, Under 
Secretary for Global Affairs, U.S. Department of State; Hon. 
Mark Palmer, Capital Development Company; Ms. Jennifer Windsor, 
Freedom House; Mr. Saad al-Din Ibrahim, Woodrow Wilson 
International Center for Scholars; and Mr. Edil Baisalov, 
Coalition for Democracy and Civil Society, Kyrgyzstan.
    The Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and 
International Operations held eight hearings on issues related 
to the bill, and the Subcommittee on International Terrorism 
and Nonproliferation held one hearing. These hearings were:

          3/1/05--United Nations Organization Mission in the 
        Democratic Republic of Congo: A Case for Peacekeeping 
        Reform, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and 
        International Operations briefing (Witness: Jane Holl 
        Lute, Ph.D., Assistant Secretary-General for Mission 
        Support, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United 
        Nations.)

          3/1/05--United Nations Organization Mission in the 
        Democratic Republic of Congo: A Case for Peacekeeping 
        Reform, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and 
        International Operations hearing (Witnesses: Hon. Kim 
        R. Holmes, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of International 
        Organizational Affairs, U.S. Department of State; and 
        public witnesses.)

          3/16/05--Northern Ireland Human Rights: Update on the 
        Cory Collusion Inquiry Reports, Subcommittee on Africa, 
        Global Human Rights and International Operations 
        hearing (Witnesses: Hon. Mitchell Reiss, Special Envoy 
        of the President and the Secretary of State for 
        Northern Ireland, U.S. Department of State; and public 
        witnesses.)

          3/17/05--A Global Review of Human Rights: Examining 
        the State Department's 2004 Annual Report, Subcommittee 
        on Africa, Global Human Rights and International 
        Operations hearing (Witnesses: Hon. Michael G. Kozak, 
        Acting Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Democracy, Human 
        Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State; and public 
        witnesses.)

          4/14/05--Foreign Relations Authorization for FY 2005-
        2006: Department of State Management Initiatives, 
        Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and 
        International Operations hearing (Witnesses: Hon. 
        Christopher B. Burnham, Acting Under Secretary for 
        Management, U.S. Department of State; and Ms. Louise 
        Crane, Vice President of the American Foreign Service 
        Association.)

          4/21/05--Zimbabwe: Prospects for Democracy After the 
        March 2005 Elections, Subcommittee on Africa, Global 
        Human Rights and International Operations hearing 
        (Witnesses: Hon. Constance Berry Newman, Assistant 
        Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs, U.S. Department 
        of State; and public witnesses.)

          4/28/05--The North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004: 
        Issues and Implementation, Joint Hearing of the 
        Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific and the 
        Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights and 
        International Operations (Witnesses: Hon. Joseph E. 
        DeTrani, Special Envoy for the Six-Party Talks, U.S. 
        Department of State; Hon. Arthur E. ``Gene'' Dewey, 
        Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees and 
        Migration, U.S. Department of State; Ms. Gretchen A. 
        Birkle, Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, 
        Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. 
        Department of State; and public witnesses.)

          5/12/05--Reviewing the State Department's Annual 
        Report on Terrorism, Subcommittee on International 
        Terrorism and Nonproliferation hearing (Witnesses: Hon. 
        Philip D. Zelikow, Counselor, U.S. Department of State; 
        Mr. John O. Brennan, Interim Director, National 
        Counterterrorism Center; and public witnesses.)

          5/12/05--Foreign Relations Authorization for FY2005-
        2006: Embassy and Border Security, Subcommittee on 
        Africa, Global Human Rights and International 
        Operations hearing (Witnesses: Mr. Gregory B. Starr, 
        Deputy Assistant Secretary for Countermeasures, Bureau 
        of Diplomatic Security, U.S. Department of State; Maj. 
        Gen. Charles E. Williams, USA (Ret.), Director, Bureau 
        of Overseas Buildings Operations, U.S. Department of 
        State; and Mr. Dan Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary, Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department 
        of State.)

          5/18/05--United Nations Peacekeeping Reform: Seeking 
        Greater Accountability and Integrity, Subcommittee on 
        Africa, Global Human Rights and International 
        Operations hearing (Witnesses: Mr. Philo L. Dibble, 
        Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of 
        International Organization Affairs, U.S. Department of 
        State; and public witnesses.)

                        Committee Consideration

    On May 26, 2005, the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human 
Rights and International Operations marked up the bill, H.R. 
2601, The Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
2006 and 2007, pursuant to notice, in open session. The 
following action took place during the Subcommittee markup:

         1. LTANCREDO amendment--Sense of Congress relating to 
        U.S. relations with Taiwan--AGREED to by voice vote

         2. LTANCREDO amendment--Certification of Mexican 
        cooperation regarding extradition--WITHDRAWN

         3. LLEE amendment--Report on Department of State 
        business contracting--AGREED to by voice vote

         4. LFLAKE amendment--Regarding funds for activities 
        relating to Cuba--DEFEATED by a record vote of 5-8
                  Voting YES: Flake, Payne, Lee, McCollum and 
                Meeks
                  Voting NO: Smith, Royce, Tancredo, Green, 
                Boozman, Fortenberry, Sherman and Watson

         5. LFORTENBERRY En bloc:
                  Part 1: Benjamin A. Gilman international 
                scholarship program
                  Part 2: Translation of reports of the 
                Department of State
                  En bloc AGREED to by voice vote

         6. LMCCOLLUM amendment--Reports on child marriage--
        AGREED to by voice vote

         7. LSHERMAN En bloc:
                  Part 1: Support for pro-democracy and human 
                rights organizations
                  Part 2: Sense of Congress relating to nuclear 
                proliferation and A.Q. Khan
                        (version of this portion of en bloc 
                        included Lee-suggested clarification 
                        language on page 3, line 10)
                  En bloc AGREED to by voice vote

         8. LSHERMAN amendment--Regarding Palestinian Authority 
        textbooks

         9. LLEE amendment to the SHERMAN amendment (#8)--
        Clarification on page 2, line 9 regarding continued 
        support of the educational programs of the Palestinian 
        Authority
                  The Lee amendment was AGREED to by voice vote
                  The Sherman amendment, as amended by the Lee 
                amendment, was AGREED to by voice vote

        10. LSHERMAN amendment--Regarding civil service 
        positions at the Department of State and USAID--
        WITHDRAWN

    H.R. 2601, as amended, was reported favorably for 
consideration by the Full Committee.
    On June 8 and June 9, 2005, the Full Committee marked up 
the bill, H.R. 2601, pursuant to notice, in open session. The 
Committee agreed to a motion to favorably report the bill, as 
amended, by a record vote of 44 ayes to 0 nays. The following 
action took place during the markup:
Wednesday, June 8, 2005:
        1. LSmith (NJ) Amendment in the Nature of a 
        Substitute--Unanimous Consent that this amendment be 
        considered base text--there was no objection.

        2. LSmith (NJ) en bloc amendment--35 perfecting 
        amendments to the base text (amendment #1)--Unanimous 
        Consent to agree to the en bloc--there was no 
        objection.
            Amendments in the En Bloc:
         1. LBerkley Amendment 19--Disenfranchisement of Women

         2. LBerkley Amendment 22--Terrorist Financing 
        (Amendment to an Amendment--Strike and Add)

         3. LBlumenauer Amendment 38--Disaster Mitigation 
        Efforts

         4. LBrown Amendment 36--Amend AIT

         5. LCrowley Amendment 13--Poland

         6. LCrowley Amendment 17--Israel Dip Relations

         7. LCrowley Amendment 20--Irish Child

         8. LDelahunt Amendment 8--Tax Enforcement in Colombia

         9. LEngel Amendment 47--U.S. office in Kosovo

        10. LEngel Amendment 50--Cocoa Children

        11. LFaleomavaega Amendment 25--Democracy and Weapons 
        in Pakistan

        12. LHyde Amendment 651--Palestinian Authority

        13. LHyde Amendment 652--International Atomic Energy 
        Agency

        14. LHyde Amendment 656--technical--$3 million

        15. LHyde Amendment 657--Insert Israel Refugee Asst.

        16. LLantos Amendment 1--Education and training needs 
        ``Strike and Add''

        17. LLantos Amendment 2--Advance Democracy Act

        18. LLantos Amendment 34--Section 660

        19. LLantos Amendment 35--Police Reporting

        20. LLantos Amendment 65--Sovereignty in Lebanon

        21. LLantos Amendment 66--Iraqi Kurds

        22. LLantos Amendment 67--OPIC

        23. LLantos Amendment 676--Nuclear Black Market

        24. LMcCaul Amendment 2--FTO Latin America

        25. LRohrabacher Amendment--Regarding Tibet

        26. LSchiff Amendment 40--Proliferation Security

        27. LSchiff Amendment 41--Scientist from FSU

        28. LSchiff Amendment 43--Security of nuclear weapons 
        and materials

        29. LSmith Amendment 53--Refugee Warehousing

        30. LSmith Amendment--Vietnam Section 804 language

        31. LSmith Amendment--Irish

        32. LTancredo Amendment 35--Mexico Extraditions

        33. LTancredo Amendment 37--ICC

        34. LWatson Amendment 12--DOS HR Policies

        35. LWexler Amendment--al-Manar

        36. LDelahunt amendment--report on the actions of the 
        661 Committee--WITHDRAWN

        37. LPoe amendment regarding Burma--WITHDRAWN

        38. LAckerman amendment--Pakistan Proliferation 
        Accountability Act--defeated 14-28

        39. LLee amendment--Sense of Congress to withdraw 
        troops from Iraq--defeated 12-33

        40. LLee amendment--Policy Regarding United States 
        Military Policy in Iraq--defeated 15-29

        41. LIssa amendment--Egypt ESF--defeated 14-29

        42. LSmith en bloc amendment--2 items in en bloc--
        passed by U.C.
                  --on behalf of Hyde (Authorization for 
                Additional License and Compliance Officers) and 
                Flake (Activities Related to Cuba)
                  --Unanimous Consent motion to agree to the en 
                bloc. There was no objection.

        43. LDelahunt amendment--Report on Actions of the 661 
        Committee--passed by voice vote
                  --amendment similar to earlier amendment 
                offered and withdrawn--this amendment was a 
                revised version

        44. LLeach amendment--U.S. rejoin the IPU--defeated 18-
        21

        45. LBurton amendment--Assistance for Demobilization 
        and Disarmament of Former Irregular Combatants in 
        Colombia--passed by voice vote

        46. LCrowley amendment--Obstetric Fistula--passed by 
        voice vote

        47. LRohrabacher amendment--Sense of Congress Regarding 
        Property Expropriated by the Government of Ethiopia--
        passed by U.C.

        48. LIssa amendment en bloc--3 items regarding Egypt--
        WITHDRAWN

        49. LSmith technical amendment--passed by U.C.
Thursday, June 9, 2005--continuation of markup of H.R. 2601
         1. LLee amendment--Haiti--passed by U.C.

         2. LCrowley amendment--Sense of Congress Regarding 
        Stability and Security in Iraq--passed 32-9
                  --this amendment first was agreed to by 
                Unanimous Consent; Mr. Crowley later asked 
                Unanimous Consent to have a record vote on the 
                amendment.

         3. LLee amendment--Assistance to Promote Economic and 
        Social Development in Colombia--defeated 20-22
                  (SMITH amendment in the nature of a 
                substitute, as amended, was agreed to by voice 
                vote)

    Motion to report H.R. 2601 favorably, as amended--passed 
44-0.

                         Votes of the Committee

    Clause (3)(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires that the results of each record vote 
on an amendment or motion to report, together with the names of 
those voting for or against, be printed in the Committee 
report. The following record votes occurred during 
consideration of H.R. 2601:
Vote #1--Ackerman amendment--Pakistan Proliferation Accountability 
        Act--defeated 14-28
Voting YES: Rohrabacher, Ackerman, Payne, Sherman, Wexler, 
        Engel, Delahunt, Meeks, Lee, Crowley, Blumenauer, 
        Schiff, Watson and McCollum
Voting NO: Smith (NJ), Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, King, 
        Chabot, Paul, Issa, Flake, Davis, Green, Weller, Pence, 
        McCotter, Harris, Boozman, Barrett, Mack, Fortenberry, 
        McCaul, Poe, Lantos, Faleomavaega, Berkley, Napolitano, 
        Smith (WA), Chandler and Cardoza
Vote #2--Lee amendment--Sense of Congress to withdraw troops from 
        Iraq--defeated 12-33
Voting YES: Leach, Paul, Payne, Sherman, Wexler, Delahunt, 
        Meeks, Lee, Blumenauer, Watson, Smith (WA) and McCollum
Voting NO: Smith (NJ), Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, 
        Rohrabacher, Royce, King, Chabot, Issa, Flake, Davis, 
        Green, Weller, Pence, McCotter, Harris, Wilson, 
        Boozman, Barrett, Mack, Fortenberry, McCaul, Poe, 
        Lantos, Ackerman, Faleomavaega, Engel, Crowley, 
        Berkley, Napolitano, Schiff, Chandler and Cardoza
Vote #3--Lee amendment--Policy Regarding United States Military Policy 
        in Iraq--defeated 15-29
Voting YES: Leach, Rohrabacher, Paul, Payne, Sherman, Wexler, 
        Delahunt, Meeks, Lee, Blumenauer, Napolitano, Watson, 
        Smith (WA), McCollum and Cardoza
Voting NO: Smith (NJ), Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, Royce, 
        King, Chabot, Issa, Flake, Davis, Green, Weller, Pence, 
        McCotter, Harris, Wilson, Boozman, Barrett, Mack, 
        Fortenberry, McCaul, Poe, Lantos, Ackerman, Engel, 
        Crowley, Berkley, Schiff and Chandler
Vote #4--Issa amendment--Egypt ESF--defeated 14-29
Voting YES: Rohrabacher, King, Chabot, Issa, Davis, McCotter, 
        Wilson, Boozman, Mack, Poe, Wexler, Lee, Watson and 
        McCollum
Voting NO: Leach, Smith (NJ), Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, 
        Royce, Paul, Flake, Green, Weller, Pence, Harris, 
        Barrett, Fortenberry, McCaul, Lantos, Ackerman, Payne, 
        Sherman, Engel, Delahunt, Crowley, Blumenauer, Berkley, 
        Napolitano, Schiff, Smith (WA), Chandler and Cardoza
Vote #5--Leach amendment--U.S. rejoin the IPU--defeated 18-21
Voting YES: Weller, Lantos, Ackerman, Faleomavaega, Payne, 
        Sherman, Wexler, Delahunt, Lee, Crowley, Blumenauer, 
        Berkley, Napolitano, Schiff, Watson, Smith (WA), 
        Chandler and Cardoza
Voting NO: Smith (NJ), Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, Rohrabacher, 
        Royce, King, Chabot, Paul, Issa, Flake, Davis, Green, 
        Pence, McCotter, Harris, Boozman, Barrett, Mack, 
        Fortenberry, McCaul and Poe
Vote #6--Crowley amendment--Sense of Congress Regarding Stability and 
        Security in Iraq--passed 32-9
Voting YES: Hyde, Smith (NJ), Royce, Chabot, Tancredo, Flake, 
        Green, Harris, Wilson, Barrett, Mack, Fortenberry, 
        McCaul, Lantos, Berman, Ackerman, Faleomavaega, Payne, 
        Sherman, Engel, Delahunt, Meeks, Crowley, Blumenauer, 
        Berkley, Napolitano, Schiff, Watson, Smith (WA), 
        McCollum, Chandler and Cardoza
Voting NO: Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, King, Davis, Weller, 
        McCotter, Boozman, and Lee
Vote #7--Lee amendment--Assistance to Promote Economic and Social 
        Development in Colombia--defeated 20-22
Voting YES: Lantos, Berman, Ackerman, Faleomavaega, Payne, 
        Sherman, Engel, Delahunt, Meeks, Lee, Crowley, 
        Blumenauer, Berkley, Napolitano, Schiff, Watson, Smith 
        (WA), McCollum, Chandler and Cardoza
Voting NO: Hyde, Smith (NJ), Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, 
        Rohrabacher, Royce, King, Chabot, Tancredo, Flake, 
        Davis, Green, Weller, McCotter, Harris, Wilson, 
        Boozman, Barrett, Mack, Fortenberry and McCaul
Vote #8--Motion to report H.R. 2601 favorably, as amended--passed 44-0
Voting YES: Hyde, Smith (NJ), Burton, Gallegly, Ros-Lehtinen, 
        Rohrabacher, Royce, King, Chabot, Tancredo, Issa, 
        Flake, Davis, Green, Weller, McCotter, Harris, Wilson, 
        Boozman, Barrett, Mack, Fortenberry, McCaul, Lantos, 
        Berman, Ackerman, Faleomavaega, Payne, Sherman, Wexler, 
        Engel, Delahunt, Meeks, Lee, Crowley, Blumenauer, 
        Berkley, Napolitano, Schiff, Watson, Smith (WA), 
        McCollum, Chandler and Cardoza

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee reports that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of House Rule XIII is inapplicable because 
this legislation does not provide new budgetary authority or 
increased tax expenditures.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee sets forth, with 
respect to the bill, H.R. 2601, the following estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                      Washington, DC, July 1, 2005.
Hon. Henry J. Hyde, Chairman,
Committee on International Relations,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 2601, the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Sunita 
D'Monte, who can be reached at 226-2840.
            Sincerely,
                                       Douglas Holtz-Eakin.
Enclosure

cc:
        Honorable Tom Lantos
        Ranking Member

H.R. 2601--Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 
        2007.

                                SUMMARY

    H.R. 2601 would specifically authorize appropriations 
totaling $10.8 billion in 2006 and $10 billion in 2007 for the 
Department of State, international broadcasting activities, 
international assistance programs, and related agencies. The 
bill also contains several indefinite authorizations and 
provisions that would raise the cost of discretionary programs 
for contributions to international peacekeeping, public 
diplomacy, personnel, and other programs over the 2006-2010 
period. CBO estimates that those indefinite authorizations and 
provisions would require appropriations of almost $1.9 billion 
over the 2006-2010 period. In addition, the legislation would 
authorize the spending of additional funds totaling almost $0.5 
billion for several international assistance programs. In 
total, CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost 
about $22.3 billion over the 2006-2010 period, assuming the 
appropriation of the necessary amounts.
    The bill contains provisions that would both increase and 
decrease direct spending, primarily from the reappropriation of 
funds that would be made available in the State Department's 
Buying Power Maintenance Account and from the sale of naval 
vessels. We estimate that enacting H.R. 2601 would increase 
direct spending by $7 million in 2006 and $56 million over the 
2006-2015 period. Those totals include estimated receipts for 
asset sales of $32 million over the 2006-2007 period. (Asset 
sale receipts are a credit against direct spending.) Finally, 
CBO estimates the bill would increase governmental receipts 
(i.e., revenues) by an insignificant amount each year by 
creating new criminal penalties related to protective functions 
of State Department special agents.
    H.R. 2601 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) 
and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal 
governments.

                ESTIMATED COST TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

    The estimated budgetary impact of H.R. 2601 is shown in 
Table 1. The costs of this legislation fall within budget 
functions 050 (national defense), 150 (international affairs), 
300 (natural resources and environment), 750 (administration of 
justice), and 800 (general government).

   TABLE 1. BUDGETARY IMPACT OF H.R. 2601, THE FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 2006 AND 2007
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   By Fiscal Year, in Millions of Dollars
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
                                                              2005     2006     2007     2008     2009     2010
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION

Spending Under Current Law for State Department,             19,418        0        0        0        0        0
International Assistance Programs, and Related Agencies
  Estimated Authorization Level \1\
  Estimated Outlays                                          20,011    8,762    3,936    2,183      988      431

Proposed Changes
  Estimated Authorization Level                                   0   11,209   11,507      145      146      151
  Estimated Outlays                                               0    7,080    9,606    3,224    1,376      972

Spending Under H.R. 2601 for State Department,
International Assistance Programs, and Related Agencies
  Estimated Authorization Level \1\                          19,418   11,209   11,507      145      146      151
  Estimated Outlays                                          20,011   15,842   13,542    5,407    2,364    1,403

CHANGES IN DIRECT SPENDING (EXCLUDING ASSET SALES) \2\

Estimated Budget Authority                                        0       81       21       21       21       21
Estimated Outlays                                                 0       33       14       11       11       11

ASSET SALES

Estimated Budget Authority                                        0      -26       -6        0        0        0
Estimated Outlays                                                 0      -26       -6        0        0        0

CHANGES IN REVENUES

Criminal Penalties for Interference with State
Department Special Agents
  Estimated Revenues                                              0        *        *        *        *        *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTE: * = Less than $500,000.
\1\ The 2005 level is the amount appropriated for that year for the State Department, International Assistance
  programs, and Related Agencies.
\2\ These amounts do not include costs for section 205 of the bill because CBO cannot estimate the timing or
  amount of increase in surcharges for passport and immigrant visas.

                           BASIS OF ESTIMATE

    Most of the bill's budgetary impact would stem from 
authorizations for the Department of State, international 
broadcasting activities, international assistance, and related 
agencies. The bill also includes ``earmarks'' for programs and 
activities for which funds have not otherwise been authorized 
or appropriated. In this estimate, such earmarks are treated as 
new authorizations and their budgetary impact is included with 
spending subject to appropriation. The bill also contains 
provisions that would both increase and decrease direct 
spending, primarily from the reappropriation of funds that 
would be made available in the State Department's Buying Power 
Maintenance Account and from the sale of naval vessels. 
Finally, a provision that would create new criminal penalties 
would affect governmental receipts.
    For this estimate, CBO assumes that this legislation will 
be enacted near the start of fiscal year 2006, that the 
specified and estimated authorization amounts will be 
appropriated near the start of each fiscal year, and that 
outlays will follow historical spending patterns for existing 
and similar programs.
Spending Subject to Appropriation
    The bill contains provisions that would affect costs for 
personnel, contributions to international organizations, 
foreign assistance, and other programs. H.R. 2601 would 
authorize appropriations at the specified level of $10.8 
billion in 2006 and $10 billion in 2007. The bill also would 
authorize such sums as may be necessary over the 2006-2010 
period for several other programs, and would also earmark 
spending of funds not specifically authorized elsewhere in the 
bill for additional spending in 2006 and 2007. CBO estimates 
that combined those provisions would authorize additional 
appropriations of about $430 million in 2006 and $2.4 billion 
over the 2006-2010 period. In total, CBO estimates that the 
bill would authorize the appropriation of about $11.2 billion 
in 2006 and $23.2 billion over the 2007-2010 period.
    Specified Authorizations. The authorizations of 
appropriations in this bill would cover the operating expenses 
and programs of the Department of State, the Broadcasting Board 
of Governors (BBG), and related agencies, as well as a few 
international assistance programs. As shown in Table 2, H.R. 
2601 would authorize the appropriation, over the next two 
years, of $16.2 billion for the State Department for programs 
related to the conduct of foreign affairs, international 
organizations, and other associated programs, $2.4 billion for 
foreign information and exchange activities, and $2.1 billion 
for international assistance and other programs.

 TABLE 2. SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION IN H.R. 2601, THE FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS
                                                  2006 AND 2007
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        By Fiscal Year, in Millions of Dollars
                                                                    --------------------------------------------
                                                                       2006     2007     2008     2009     2010
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPECIFIED AUTHORIZATIONS

Conduct of Foreign Affairs
  Authorization Level                                                  8,529    7,690        0        0        0
  Estimated Outlays                                                    5,332    6,760    1,620    1,021      723

Foreign Information and Exchange Activities
  Authorization Level                                                  1,203    1,223        2        2        2
  Estimated Outlays                                                      827    1,144      359       69       25

International Assistance and Other Programs
  Authorization Level                                                  1,046    1,071        3        3        3
  Estimated Outlays                                                      726    1,027      319       32       20

  Subtotal, Specified Authorizations
    Authorization Level                                               10,778    9,984        5        5        5
    Estimated Outlays                                                  6,885    8,931    2,298    1,122      768

ESTIMATED AUTHORIZATIONS

Earmarks of Funds Not Specifically Authorized
  Estimated Authorization Level                                          226      225        0        0        0
  Estimated Outlays                                                       51      127      116       67       44

Assessed Contributions to International Organizations and
 Peacekeeping
  Estimated Authorization Level                                           92    1,060        0        0        0
  Estimated Outlays                                                       90      420      631        0        0

Personnel Benefits
  Estimated Authorization Level                                           45       82      122      125      129
  Estimated Outlays                                                       36       72      111      120      125

ADVANCE Democracy Act of 2005
  Estimated Authorization Level                                           53       63        3        1        1
  Estimated Outlays                                                       13       34       32       17       12

Office Building for American Institute in Taiwan
  Estimated Authorization Level                                            0       78        0        0        0
  Estimated Outlays                                                        0       12       23       35        8

International Assistance
  Estimated Authorization Level                                           14       14       14       14       15
  Estimated Outlays                                                        4        9       12       14       14

Miscellaneous Provisions
  Estimated Authorization Level                                            1        1        1        1        1
  Estimated Outlays                                                        1        1        1        1        1

  Subtotal, Estimated Authorizations
    Estimated Authorization Level                                        431    1,523      140      141      146
    Estimated Outlays                                                    195      675      926      254      204

    Total Authorizations
      Estimated Authorization Level                                   11,209   11,507      145      146      151
      Estimated Outlays                                                7,080    9,606    3,224    1,376      972
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Earmarks of Funds Not Specifically Authorized. The bill 
contains several earmarks of specified and unspecified amounts 
for programs that are not otherwise authorized in the bill. For 
the purposes of this estimate, earmarks for programs not 
otherwise authorized are treated as an authorization for the 
specified or estimated amounts. Those programs with earmarks 
not otherwise authorized are the Economic Support Fund (ESF), 
the Foreign Military Financing Program, International 
Organizations and Programs, and Assistance for the Independent 
States of the Former Soviet Union. The Congress provided an 
appropriation for each of those programs for 2005. In total, 
CBO estimates that these earmarks would total $226 million in 
2006 and $225 million in 2007. (Those amounts do not include 
the earmark for the Human Rights and Democracy Fund discussed 
below under the heading ``ADVANCE Democracy Act.'')
    Economic Support Fund. CBO estimates that under the bill, 
earmarks for the ESF would total $203 million in 2006 and $205 
million in 2007. These amounts include specific earmarks for 
both 2006 and 2007 of $50 million for Afghanistan for programs 
related to elections, $20 million for a contribution to the 
International Fund for Ireland, and $12 million for Zimbabwe 
for assistance to support democracy.
    In addition, section 923 would earmark such sums as may be 
necessary for the Middle East Partnership Initiative, an 
ongoing program within the ESF, for 2006 and 2007. Based on 
information from the State Department, CBO estimates that this 
authorization level would total $120 million in 2006 and $122 
million in 2007. Section 922 would also earmark such sums as 
may be necessary for a new program, the Inter-Arab Democratic 
Charter, for 2006 and 2007. Based on the size of similar 
programs within the State Department, CBO estimates that this 
program would effectively authorize about $1 million in both 
2006 and 2007.
    Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union. CBO estimates that earmarks for this account would total 
$15 million in both 2006 and 2007. Section 908 would earmark 
$12 million in both 2006 and 2007 from this account for 
assistance to promote democracy in the Republic of Belarus. In 
addition, section 909 would earmark such sums as may be 
necessary from this account for the Republic of Belarus and 
Ukraine to improve maternal and prenatal care to help prevent 
birth defects and pregnancy complications related to the 
cleanup of the Chernobyl disaster. Based on the cost of similar 
programs, CBO estimates that this earmark would total $3 
million in both 2006 and 2007.
    Sustainable Development Assistance. Section 901 would 
earmark $5 million in both 2006 and 2007 for the creation of 
obstetric fistula centers for surgery to repair the fistulas 
and for activities to reduce the incidence of obstetric 
fistulas.
    International Organizations and Programs. Section 1009 
would earmark $1.5 million from this account in 2006 for a 
voluntary contribution to the United Nations Children's Fund to 
conduct a study on the worldwide incidence and prevalence of 
autism.
    Foreign Military Financing. Section 756 would earmark $1 
million in 2006 from the Foreign Military Financing Program for 
the provision of not more than four excess coastal patrol boats 
to Mozambique.
    Assessed Contributions to International Organizations and 
Peacekeeping. Three provisions in the bill contain indefinite 
authorizations affecting the United States' assessed 
contributions to international organizations and peacekeeping. 
In total, CBO estimates the following provisions would cost $90 
million in 2006 and $1.1 billion over the 2006-2010 period, 
assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts.
    Assessed Contributions to International Peacekeeping. 
Section 102 would authorize the appropriation of such sums as 
may be necessary in 2007 for contributions to international 
peacekeeping. CBO estimates this provision would require 
additional appropriations of $1.05 billion in 2007 (the 
specific authorization for 2006 of $1.04 billion, adjusted for 
inflation).
    Assessed Contributions to the International Atomic Energy 
Agency (IAEA). Section 403 would authorize the appropriation of 
such sums as may be necessary to permit the State Department to 
pay the United States assessed contributions to the IAEA in a 
timely fashion. Under current law, these contributions are due 
near the start of the calendar year, but are usually 
appropriated and remitted to the IAEA after the start of the 
fiscal year--a delay of at least nine months. Based on 
information from the department, CBO estimates the bill would 
authorize the appropriation of $84 million in 2006, thereby 
allowing the department to pay both calendar year 2005 and 
calendar year 2006 assessments in fiscal year 2006.
    Currency Fluctuations. Section 102 would authorize the 
appropriation of such sums as may be necessary in 2006 and 2007 
to compensate for adverse fluctuations in exchange rates that 
might affect contributions to international organizations. Any 
funds appropriated for this purpose would be obligated and 
expended subject to certification by the Office of Management 
and Budget. CBO estimates that the dollar will decline roughly 
2 percent in 2006 and that the Department of State would 
require an additional $8 million that year to fully pay 
assessed contributions to international organizations. Currency 
fluctuations over the longer term are extremely difficult to 
project, and they could result in spending either more or less 
than the amounts specifically authorized in the bill for 
contributions to international organizations and programs. 
Therefore, this estimate assumes no additional spending for 
currency fluctuations in 2007.
    Personnel Benefits. The bill contains several provisions 
that would provide benefits to State Department personnel and 
would increase costs by $36 million in 2006 and about $465 
million over the 2006-2010 period, assuming the appropriation 
of the necessary funds.
    Locality-based Pay Adjustments. Section 305 would amend 
current law to allow the department to increase pay for Foreign 
Service officers posted overseas to compensate for the loss of 
locality pay. Based on information from the department, CBO 
estimates such locality-based pay adjustments would cost about 
$28 million in 2006, $63 million in 2007, and an average of 
$110 million a year over the 2008-2010 period, assuming the 
appropriation of the necessary funds.
    Hardship and Danger-Pay Allowances. Section 303 would 
increase the cap on hardship allowances and danger-pay 
allowances from 25 percent to 35 percent of basic pay for 
employees serving overseas. Based on information from the 
Department of State, CBO estimates implementing this section 
would cost about $6 million a year, assuming the appropriation 
of the necessary funds.
    Educational Expenses of Dependent Children. Section 301 
would authorize payments for certain educational expenses of 
dependent children of Foreign Service employees posted 
overseas. Section 506 would allow the BBG to pay for the 
educational expenses of certain dependents of employees in the 
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Based on 
information from the Department of State and the BBG, CBO 
estimates implementing these provisions would cost about $3 
million annually, assuming the appropriation of the necessary 
funds.
    Death Gratuity. Section 310 would amend current law to 
allow the State Department to pay a minimum gratuity of 
$100,000 to the surviving dependents of any Foreign Service 
employee who dies as a result of injuries sustained in the 
performance of duty abroad. According to information from the 
department, no gratuities had been paid for several years 
before 2005, and only 2 gratuities have been paid so far in 
2005. Based on this information and assuming that these trends 
continue, CBO estimates implementing this provision would cost 
about less than $500,000 a year, assuming the availability of 
appropriated funds.
    ADVANCE Democracy Act. Title VI would authorize the 
Secretary of State to expand or create new programs to promote 
democracy and human rights overseas. Specifically, it would 
earmark $50 million in 2006 and $60 million in 2007 for the 
Human Rights and Democracy Fund, an existing program within the 
Economic Support Fund. Because H.R. 2601 would not specifically 
authorize appropriations for the ESF, this estimate treats this 
earmark as a new authorization of appropriations.
    In addition, the title contains several other provisions, 
listed below, that contain both specific and indefinite 
authorizations. Based on information from the State Department, 
CBO estimates that these provisions would authorize the 
appropriation of an additional $3 million a year in 2006 and 
2007. Thus, CBO estimates that the total authorizations of 
appropriations in the ADVANCE Democracy Act would be $53 
million in 2006, $63 million in 2007, and about $120 million 
over the 2006-2010 period.
    Among the many requirements of Title VI, it would:

         LEstablish a new office with the Department of 
        State to promote the transition of nondemocratic and 
        partly democratic countries to democracy,

         LAuthorize a pilot program to establish two 
        regional ``Democracy Hubs'' at United States missions 
        overseas,

         LRequire an annual report listing and 
        describing countries that are deemed to be 
        nondemocratic or in transition to democracy,

         LRequire the department to convene a working 
        group to review progress in promoting democracy,

         LEstablish a Democracy Promotion and Human 
        Rights Advisory Board to review and recommend 
        strategies for promoting democracy and human rights, 
        and to prepare a study on United States' democracy 
        assistance,

         LEstablish a Web site for global democracy and 
        human rights,

         LRequire training for Foreign Service officers 
        in promoting democracy, and

         LEstablish an International Center for 
        Democratic Transitions.

    Office Building for American Institute in Taiwan (AIT). 
Section 215 would amend current law to authorize such sums as 
may be necessary for the construction of a new office building 
for the AIT in Taipei, Taiwan. Public Law 106-212 authorized 
the appropriation of $75 million for the facility without 
fiscal year limitation. According to the Department of State, 
the projected cost of the building is now $153 million, and 
roughly $20 million has been spent on site acquisition and 
design. CBO estimates a net increase in authorization of $78 
million and assumes that construction would begin in 2007 and 
end in 2010.
    International Assistance. The bill contains provisions that 
would add new purposes for which international assistance 
programs could be used and thus would provide an implicit 
authorization for these new purposes. In total, CBO estimates 
that these authorizations would total $14 million in 2006 and 
about $70 million over the 2006-2010 period.
    International Disaster and Famine Assistance. Section 907 
would allow assistance for disaster preparedness to include 
activities that would mitigate the effects of natural 
disasters. Such activities would include assisting communities 
to build in safer locations, construct sturdier dwellings, and 
enforce sound building codes and practices. Based on similar 
efforts for famine relief, CBO estimates that this provision 
would authorize about $10 million a year for these activities. 
After adjusting for annual inflation and the normal spending 
patterns for this account, CBO estimates that implementing this 
provision would cost $3 million in 2006 and $39 million over 
the 2006-2010 period, assuming appropriation of the estimated 
amounts.
    Economic Support Fund. Section 931 would allow grants to 
pro-democracy groups or human rights organizations in countries 
that the State Department has determined support terrorism. 
Under current law, groups operating in those countries are not 
allowed to receive such funds. Based on the size of similar 
programs for promoting democracy operated out of the ESF, CBO 
estimates that this provision would authorize about $4 million 
a year for these grants. After adjusting for annual inflation 
and the normal spending patterns for this account, CBO 
estimates that implementing this provision would cost about $1 
million in 2006 and $14 million over the 2006-2010 period, 
assuming appropriation of the estimated amounts.
    Sustainable Development Assistance. Section 910 would 
authorize the President to provide assistance to foreign 
countries to address non-infectious diseases, such as heart 
disease. Based on information from the State Department, CBO 
does not expect the President to use this authority.
    Miscellaneous Provisions. H.R. 2601 also contains several 
provisions that CBO estimates would have an insignificant 
individual impact on spending subject to appropriation, but in 
total would increase spending by $1 million a year, assuming 
the availability of appropriated funds.

         LSection 317 would establish a new office at 
        the State Department to encourage foreign countries to 
        develop a culture of lawfulness. Information from the 
        department indicates the office would have a staff of 
        three people.

         LSection 401 would authorize U.S. 
        participation in the Regional Emerging Disease 
        Intervention Center in Singapore.

         LThe bill includes numerous provisions that 
        would expand or introduce new reporting requirements 
        and other provisions that would eliminate or 
        consolidate existing reporting requirements.
Direct Spending
    The bill contains provisions that would both increase and 
decrease direct spending, primarily from the reappropriation of 
funds that would be made available in the State Department's 
Buying Power Maintenance Account and from the sale of naval 
vessels. We estimate that enacting H.R. 2601 would increase 
direct spending by $7 million in 2006 and $56 million over the 
2006-2015 period (see Table 3). Those totals include estimated 
receipts for asset sales of $32 million over the 2006-2007 
period. (Asset sale receipts are a credit against direct 
spending.)
    Buying Power Maintenance Account. The State Department may 
maintain an approved level of program activity in the face of 
currency fluctuations through a Buying Power Maintenance 
Account. Under current law, the Secretary of State may transfer 
any current funds in excess of needs that result from an 
increase in the purchasing power of the dollar from accounts 
under ``Administration of Foreign Affairs'' to the Buying Power 
Maintenance Account. The funds in the account are available for 
transfer back to those accounts only to offset future adverse 
fluctuations in exchange rates or overseas wage or price 
levels. The Secretary may also transfer unavailable balances 
into the Buying Power Maintenance Account, but only to the 
extent and in such amounts as specifically provided in advance 
in appropriation acts. No appropriation act has ever provided 
that authority. Section 204 of the bill would strike the 
requirement for appropriation action, thus allowing the 
Secretary to transfer lapsed funds into the Buying Power 
Maintenance Account and making them available to offset future 
adverse currency fluctuations.

    TABLE 3. ESTIMATED DIRECT SPENDING IN THE FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 2006 AND 2007
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           By fiscal year, in Millions of Dollars
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CHANGES IN DIRECT SPENDING (EXCLUDING ASSET SALES) \1\

Buying Power Maintenance Account               80     20     20     20     20      0      0      0      0      0
  Estimated Budget Authority                   32     13     10     10     10      2      *      *      0      0
  Estimated Outlays

Medical Reimbursements
  Estimated Budget Authority                    1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1
  Estimated Outlays                             1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1

  Subtotal
    Estimated Budget Authority                 81     21     21     21     21      1      1      1      1      1
    Estimated Outlays                          33     14     11     11     11      3      1      1      1      1

ASSET SALES

Estimated Budget Authority                    -26     -6      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0
Estimated Outlays                             -26     -6      0      0      0      0      0      0      0      0

TOTAL CHANGES IN DIRECT SPENDING

Estimated Budget Authority                     55     15     21     21     21      1      1      1      1      1
Estimated Outlays                               7      8     11     11     11      3      1      1      1      1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTE: * = less than $500,000.
\1\ These amounts do not include costs for section 205 of the bill because CBO cannot estimate the timing or
  amount of increase in surcharges for passport and immigrant visas.

    According to the Treasury Combined Statement on Receipts, 
Outlays, and Balances, 2004, the Department of State had $80 
million in unobligated, unavailable balances in various 
accounts in the Administration of Foreign Affairs Bureau at the 
start of 2005. Under the bill, such balances could be 
transferred into the Buying Power Maintenance account upon 
enactment and made available to meet adverse exchange-rate 
fluctuations. In addition, CBO estimates approximately 0.5 
percent of obligated balances, or about $20 million, would be 
deobligated each year and reappropriated under the bill. 
Because we estimate the dollar will decline in value over the 
next year, we estimate that about half of the funds would be 
transferred out of the Buying Power Maintenance Account and 
spent. In total, we estimate direct spending of about $80 
million over the 2006-2015 period.
    Medical Reimbursements. Section 203 would provide the State 
Department greater flexibility in retaining reimbursements for 
funding medical care provided to employees and eligible family 
members overseas. Based on information from the department, CBO 
estimates that it would collect and spend between $500,000 and 
$1 million a year.
    Surcharges on Passport and Visa Fees. Section 205 would 
authorize the Secretary of State to administratively increase 
the dollar amount of certain surcharges on passport and 
immigrant visa fees. Under current law, the department charges 
a $12 surcharge on passport fees and a $45 surcharge on 
immigrant visa fees, and retains the proceeds for spending 
related to border security. The department has no current plans 
to raise these surcharges, and CBO has no basis for estimating 
when or in what amount changes might be made. (Neither the 
collection nor the spending of these surcharges is subject to 
appropriation, thus any increase in collections and spending 
would constitute direct spending.)
    International Litigation Fund. Section 202 would allow the 
State Department's International Litigation Fund to retain 
awards of costs and attorneys' fees that result from a decision 
by an international tribunal. Based on information from the 
department, CBO estimates that the Department of State would 
collect and spend less than $500,000 a year under this 
provision.
Asset Sales
    Section 751 would authorize the transfer of eight naval 
vessels to foreign countries: five by grant and three by sale. 
Based on information from the Navy regarding the value of these 
ships and recent experience with actual sales and grants, CBO 
estimates the sales would increase offsetting receipts by $32 
million over the 2006-2007 period.
Revenues
    Section 201 would raise governmental receipts (revenues) by 
establishing new criminal penalties that would be assessed 
against persons interfering with the protective functions of 
State Department special agents. CBO estimates that the 
increase in revenues would not be significant in any year. 
Collections of criminal fines are deposited in the Crime 
Victims Fund and are later spent. CBO estimates that the 
criminal penalties that would be established under the bill 
would increase direct spending from the Crime Victims Fund by 
less than $500,000 per year.

              INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE-SECTOR IMPACT

    H.R. 2601 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in UMRA and would not affect the budgets of 
state, local, or tribal governments.

                         PREVIOUS CBO ESTIMATE

    On March 18, 2005, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 
600, the Foreign Affairs Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 
and 2007, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on 
Foreign Relations on March 10, 2005. Several sections of the 
two bills are identical or similar and would have similar 
estimated costs. S. 600 would authorize the appropriation of 
specific amounts that match the President's request for 2006 
and such sums as may be necessary for 2007. In addition, S. 600 
would be the first comprehensive foreign assistance 
authorization act since the mid-1980s--authorizing funding for 
most existing assistance programs and also several new ones--
while the scope of H.R. 2601 is somewhat more-limited. S. 600 
would not authorize the sale or grant of naval vessels, as the 
House bill would do. Other differences in the cost estimates 
reflect differences in the two bills.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The goals and objectives of this legislation are to provide 
authorization for the activities of the State Department and 
related agencies for fiscal years 2006 and 2007.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds the authority for 
this legislation in article I, section 8, of the Constitution.

                        New Advisory Committees

    H.R. 2601 does not establish or authorize any new advisory 
committees.

                    Congressional Accountability Act

    H.R. 2601 does not apply to the legislative branch.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

      FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 2006-2007

               TITLE I. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

Section 101. Administration of Foreign Affairs.
    This section authorizes appropriations under the heading 
``Administration of Foreign Affairs'' for fiscal years 2006 and 
2007. It includes funds for executive direction and policy 
formulation, conduct of diplomatic relations with foreign 
governments and international organizations, effective 
implementation of consular programs and its border security 
component, the acquisition and maintenance of office space and 
living quarters for the United States missions abroad, 
provision of security for those operations, and information 
resource management.
    In particular, this section provides authorization of 
appropriations for the necessary expenses of the Department of 
State and the Foreign Service. These expenses include an 
authorization of appropriations for worldwide security 
upgrades, U.S. public diplomacy programs, the capital 
investment program, representation expenses, protection of 
foreign missions and officials, emergencies in the diplomatic 
and consular service, repatriation loans, and payment to the 
American Institute in Taiwan.
    Changes from the Administration's request include: $20 
million for the State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human 
Rights and Labor; funds for Anti-Semitism and Religious Freedom 
programs in the OSCE ($225,000 and $205,000, respectively); 
Rangel Fellows program for minorities at the State Department, 
$1.5 million; and $3 million each of fiscal years 2006 and 2007 
for minority recruitment.
Section 101(1). Diplomatic and Consular Programs.
    Public Diplomacy. This subsection authorizes $333,863,000 
for fiscal year 2006 for public diplomacy activities carried 
out under the Diplomatic and Consular Programs account. The 
Committee recognizes the importance of a broad public diplomacy 
program and therefore continues to specifically authorize funds 
for these activities. There has been an increasing amount of 
resources spent on public diplomacy and the Committee strongly 
urges the Secretary of State to implement a system of program 
evaluation and measurement so that managers can determine, 
based on quantifiable evidence, what is most effective in any 
given region. The Committee also strongly recommends closer 
coordination of U.S. foreign policy objectives and public 
diplomacy programs. In particular, the Department should 
improve such coordination between the regional bureaus and the 
Bureau of Educational and Cultural Exchange.
    Diversity in the Foreign Service. The Committee continues 
to believe that the Department, while having made progress, 
needs to continue to increase its efforts to reach out to 
minority groups in the recruitment process. The Institute for 
Foreign Service and Diplomacy (IFSD) at Kean University in New 
Jersey is an example of an academic initiative that seeks to 
increase the number of Hispanics and other underrepresented 
population groups entering careers in Foreign Service and 
diplomacy. The IFSD offers its students traditional coursework 
in international affairs along with a generous package of 
related seminars and internships. The increase in funding for 
minority recruitment should support initiatives such as IFSD, 
whose goals are directly in line with the stated goals of the 
U.S. Department of State regarding the recruitment and 
employment of underrepresented groups in the Foreign Service. 
The IFSD and other similar programs accomplish these goals 
through a combination of academic classes, related educational 
internships and foreign language programs, seminars, lectures 
and overseas activities. Ultimately, these programs provide 
students with the tools they need to become successful Foreign 
Service Officers, thereby contributing to improving the 
Department of State's ability to accurately represent America's 
diversity abroad.
    Section 101(E) and (F) Anti-Semitism and Religious Freedom. 
Congress commends the Organization for Security and Cooperation 
in Europe's Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights 
(ODIHR) for fulfilling its Berlin taskings, but also regrets 
the lack of implementation by many OSCE participating States of 
their commitments to track and report on anti-Semitic crimes 
and hate crimes. Congress also commends the developers of the 
OSCE/ODIHR Law Enforcement Officers Hate Crimes Training 
Program and urges its utilization as a valuable resource. 
Subparagraph (E) authorizes $225,000 for fiscal year 2006 for 
targeted projects through ODIHR, regarding anti-Semitism and 
intolerance, training activities implementing the Law 
Enforcement Officers Hate Crimes Training Program, and 
activities of the three personal representatives of the OSCE 
Chair-in-Office.
    Congress recognizes that religious freedom is a fundamental 
human right often violated or ignored in countries of the 
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. In many 
countries, laws and regulations impacting religious liberty 
often serve to hinder, rather than facilitate, the ability of 
individuals and communities of believers to freely profess and 
practice their religion or belief. Subparagraph (F) authorizes 
$125,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for activities 
aimed at promoting freedom of religion or belief through 
targeted projects of the Office of Democratic Institutions and 
Human Rights, including activities of the OSCE/ODIHR Panel of 
Experts on Freedom of Religion or Belief providing technical 
reviews of draft or current legislation affecting religion or 
belief.
    Limitations on religious freedom are particularly acute in 
the Caucasus and Central Asia. Subparagraph F also authorizes 
$80,000 for fiscal year 2006 for OSCE Missions in Armenia, 
Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, 
Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan for activities to address issues 
pertaining to religious freedom or belief or to fund new staff 
dedicated to monitor related developments.
    Rightsizing. The Committee urges the State Department to 
follow rightsizing plans for all overseas posts. The Department 
needs to be sure that authorized positions at overseas posts 
are actually needed to carry out the priorities as identified 
in the Mission Program Plan. There should be a cyclical review 
of State Department staffing to be sure that positions and 
skill sets match the specific needs of any given U.S. Embassy 
or consulate.
Section 101(2). Capital Investment Fund.
    Subsection 101(2) authorizes $131,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for the capital investment fund. 
This account supports the State Department's information 
technology and communications systems initiatives.
Section 101(3). Embassy Security, Construction and Maintenance.
    Subsection 101(3) authorizes $1,526,000,000 for fiscal year 
2006 and $1,550,000,000 for fiscal year 2007. This account is 
used to manage and maintain the Department's real estate 
assets, and funds Embassy and other construction projects 
overseas.
    Capital Cost Sharing. The Committee is encouraged by the 
progress made in implementing the Capital Cost Sharing program 
and strongly believes this program must include all agencies 
with personnel stationed in U.S. embassies, although the 
Committee recognizes that the Marine Security Guard program 
will operate outside the program.
Section 101(4). Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs.
    Subsection 101(4) authorizes $428,900,000 for fiscal year 
2006 and $438,500,000 for fiscal year 2007 for Educational and 
Cultural Exchange programs.
    South Korea. To help address declining opinions of the 
United States among young people in our longtime ally, South 
Korea, subsection (4)(B) authorizes $750,000 per year for the 
creation of summer academic study programs in the United States 
for Korean college and university students. The programs will 
focus on political systems, government institutions, society, 
and democratic culture in the United States. It is estimated 
that this modest funding will allow the establishment of three 
summer institutes, each of which can handle between 25 and 30 
students, thus reaching between 75 and 90 Korean student 
leaders per year.
    HIV/AIDS in India. Subparagraph (H) authorizes $1,000,000 
in each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for exchanges related 
to HIV/AIDS research and mitigation strategies. The Committee 
understands that India reports as many as 1,000 new AIDS cases 
per month, with some estimating that almost two-thirds of all 
HIV-positive Asians live in India. Many experts are 
particularly concerned that infections are moving from high-
risk groups to the general population. The Committee believes 
that a significant program using these funds should be directed 
toward India and strongly encourages the establishment of a 
summer exchange program for postgraduate students from India to 
attend conferences and engage in research activities at leading 
universities in the U.S.
    Urban Planners. The Committee commends the Department for 
exchange programs encompassing city and regional planners for 
the purpose of sharing best practices and innovative approaches 
to comprehensive land-use and transportation planning and urges 
that these programs be continued.
    As the world undergoes a process of massive urbanization, 
metropolitan areas throughout the developing world are 
experiencing a greater strain on natural resources, health and 
education infrastructures, and economic capacity. These areas 
will present planning challenges for investment in 
transportation and other key infrastructure systems, and 
coordinating these investments with sound land use and economic 
development planning. The partnership between Portland State 
University and China's Ministry of Land and Resources can serve 
as a model for a city and regional planner exchange program.
    Center for Hemispheric Policy. The Center for Hemisphere 
Policy at the University of Miami is a unique, existing program 
administered through the Department of State's Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Programs that serves governments, non-
governmental organizations, and the private sector by providing 
world-class research and strategic analysis related to the 
U.S., the Caribbean and Latin America. The Committee therefore 
recommends current funding levels be provided for hemispheric 
policy research and strategic analysis conducted at the Center 
for Hemisphere Policy at the University of Miami.
Section 101(5). Representation Allowances.
    Subsection 101(5) authorizes $8,281,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for representation allowances.
Section 101(6). Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.
    Subsection 101(6) authorizes $9,390,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for the protection of foreign missions and 
officials account.
Section 101(7). Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service.
    Subsection 101(7) authorizes $12,143,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for diplomatic and consular service 
activities.
Section 101(8). Repatriation Loans.
    Subsection 101(8) authorizes $1,319,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for repatriation loans.
Section 101(9). Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan.
    Subsection 101(9) authorizes $19,751,000 for fiscal year 
2006 and $20,146,020 for fiscal year 2007 for the American 
Institute in Taiwan.
Section 101(10). Office of the Inspector General.
    Subsection 101(10) authorizes $29,983,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for the Office of Inspector General.
Section 102. Contributions to International Organizations.
    This section authorizes funds for U.S. participation in 
international organizations. Subsection 102(a) authorizes 
$1,296,500,000 for fiscal year 2006 and $1,322,430,000 for 
fiscal year 2007 to fund the U.S.-assessed contributions for 
its share of the expenses of the United Nations and other 
international organizations of which the United States is a 
member.
    Subsection 102(b) authorizes $1,035,500,000 for fiscal year 
2006 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2007 for 
the U.S.-assessed contributions for International peacekeeping 
missions.
    This authorization reflects the Committee's continued 
commitment to United Nations peacekeeping operations and the 
search for peace and stability around the world. However, the 
Committee is deeply troubled by reports of sexual exploitation, 
abuse, and other forms of misconduct by United Nations 
peacekeepers serving in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 
Burundi, Liberia, Haiti, Ethiopia and Eritrea, and elsewhere. 
Such heinous crimes have done irreparable damage to the image 
of United Nations peacekeeping. The Committee expects the 
United Nations to undertake serious and far-reaching 
peacekeeping reforms--including the adoption and enforcement of 
a uniform Code of Conduct--and fully anticipates that these 
reforms will be put in place without further delay. In 
particular, the Committee welcomes the recent report by Prince 
Zeid, the U.N. Permanent Representative from Jordan, requested 
by the Secretary-General, and urges the implementation of the 
reforms recommended by the report.
    This section also authorizes such sums as may be necessary 
for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to offset adverse 
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
Section 103. International Commissions.
    This section authorizes $67,172,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for the International Boundary and Water 
Commission-U.S. and Mexico; the International Boundary 
Commission-U.S. and Canada; the International Joint Commission 
and the International Fisheries Commissions. These funds are 
necessary to enable the United States to meet its obligations 
as a participant in these international boundary commissions.
Section 104. Migration and Refugee Assistance.
    This section authorizes $955,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 
and $983,650,000 for fiscal year 2007 for the Migration and 
Refugee Assistance program. The fiscal year 2006 level is $62 
million above the President's fiscal year 2006 request of 
$893,000,000. The funding enables the Secretary of State to 
provide assistance and make contributions for migrants and 
refugees, including contributions to international 
organizations such as the United Nations High Commissioner for 
Refugees and the International Committee for the Red Cross, 
through private volunteer agencies, governments, and bilateral 
assistance, as authorized by law.
    This section also makes available $40 million for refugees 
resettling in Israel, and $2.5 million for a pilot program to 
address the needs of long-term refugee populations.
    The world's refugee crisis persists, with more than 13 
million refugees, 80 percent of whom are women in children, in 
desperate need of durable solutions. Many have been traumatized 
by the loss of their homes and the murder of their loved ones, 
compounded by the uncertainty of their precarious existence in 
refugee camps. Due to funding shortfalls to meet pressing 
needs, refugees often lack adequate food rations, medical care, 
and protection. The State Department's Bureau of Population, 
Refugees and Migration has faced funding shortfalls over the 
last several fiscal years, and for fiscal year 2001, overall 
spending levels are significantly above the $774 million 
appropriated in fiscal year 2005 for refugee and migration 
assistance. It is expected the Department will spend the $120.4 
million in fiscal year 2005 supplemental funds appropriated for 
refugees earlier this year, and that the needs identified for 
the supplemental funding will continue into fiscal year 2006. 
Many of these needs were not included in the Administration's 
fiscal year 2006 request. Areas of need include: Humanitarian 
assistance for vulnerable displaced populations in Chad and 
Sudan; returns in Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, 
and Liberia; a higher annual budget for the United Nations 
Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East 
(UNRWA); and addressing the needs of Burmese refugees in East 
Asia. With regard to refugee admissions, the Committee strongly 
supports the $26 million appropriated in the supplemental to 
reach the 70,000 admissions goal, but acknowledges higher costs 
are involved which reflect the additional logistical and 
security requirements involved in admitting refugees to the 
U.S.
    As underscored by the strongly bipartisan support for the 
North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-333), the 
Congress remains acutely concerned about the plight of North 
Korean refugees, and the Committee intends that funds from this 
account may be used to assist North Korean refugees, as 
appropriate.
Section 105. Centers and Foundations.
    This section authorizes: $18,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for the Asia Foundation ($8 million above 
the President's fiscal year 2006 request); $80,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for the National Endowment for 
Democracy (at the President's request level); and $13,024,000 
for each of fiscal years 2005 and 2006 for the Center for 
Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West (at 
the President's request level). The increased funding for the 
Asia Foundation is to further support its programs throughout 
Asia, including democracy in Afghanistan, civil society, 
particularly with Muslim organizations, in Indonesia, women's 
empowerment in Pakistan, legal reform in China and counter-
trafficking in Cambodia.
Section 106. United States International Broadcasting Activities.
    This section authorizes a total of $661,043,000 for 
international broadcasting. This is $9.1 million above the 
President's request. The additional $9.1 million is authorized 
to overcome jamming of Radio Free Asia in Vietnam. In addition, 
$5 million is authorized for broadcasting to Belarus for each 
of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to increase the number of 
hours broadcast to that country. The Lukashenka regime's 
extensive information blockade and total control over state 
media are compelling reasons for increasing broadcast hours to 
Belarus. The Committee encourages collaboration with other 
governments and non-governmental organizations in facilitating 
the unhindered dissemination of information to the largest 
possible audience in Belarus.
    Subsection 106(1) authorizes $603,394,000 for fiscal year 
2006 and $621,495,820 for fiscal year 2007 International 
Broadcasting Operations.
    Subsection 106(2) authorizes $10,893,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 for Broadcasting Capital Improvements.
    Subsection 106(3) authorizes $37,656,000 for fiscal year 
2006 and $29,931,000 for Broadcasting for Cuba (at the 
President's request). The fiscal year 2006 level includes $10 
million for a one-time purchase of an airborne platform for 
transmitting Radio and TV Marti to overcome jamming by the 
Cuban Government. The ongoing expenses for this new activity 
are $2 million which is reflected in the fiscal year 2007 
authorization level.

        TITLE II. DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

Section 201. Consolidation of Law Enforcement Powers; New Criminal 
        Offense.
    This section would replicate 18 U.S.C. 3056(d) for 
Diplomatic Security (DS) agents. Section 3056(d) of Title 18 
presently provides for criminal penalties when an individual 
interferes with a Secret Service agent protecting a foreign 
dignitary, or interferes with a Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and 
Firearms (ATF) agent detailed to support the same activity. 
Under current law, if an individual similarly interferes with a 
Diplomatic Security agent or an ATF agent temporarily detailed 
in support of the DS protective mission, the individual is not 
subject to any criminal penalty. This unfairly encumbers the 
mission and potentially impacts the ability of the Department 
of State to safely escort the person under physical and 
diplomatic protection. This section would remedy this 
deficiency in the law.
Section 202. International Litigation Fund.
    This section authorizes the State Department to replenish 
the existing International Litigation Fund (ILF) by retaining 
amounts awarded in international arbitrations relating to the 
costs of litigation where the claims are defended by the 
Department. Under current law, the Department can contribute to 
the International Litigation Fund a small percentage of any 
damage award obtained. That authorization does not apply, 
however, to cases where the Department defends the United 
States against international claims because, in such cases, an 
award favorable to the United States will not call for any 
payment on the claim, even though litigation costs, attorneys' 
fees and expenses may be awarded to the Department if it 
prevails. The amendment in this section would permit the ILF to 
be replenished by such awards.
Section 203. Retention of Medical Reimbursements.
    This section enables the State Department to retain medical 
insurance reimbursements in the year in which they are 
collected. In order to facilitate immediate medical treatment 
of its employees abroad, the Department pays all medical fees 
for its employees and receives reimbursement from the 
employee's insurer at a later date. However, because of the 
long lag time in the processing of foreign medical claims by 
U.S insurers, reimbursements are made after the fiscal year in 
which the Department pays medical fees. In such an instance, 
the reimbursements are credited to the previous fiscal year and 
under U.S. law cannot be obligated or expended (since the 
fiscal year is past). This provision enables the Department to 
retain medical insurance reimbursements in the year in which 
they are collected allowing the Department to better manage the 
reimbursements received and use them for future cases where the 
Department reimburses medical fees. The Committee expects that 
reimbursements from insurance companies will continue to be 
credited to the account which pays for employees' medical 
expenses but under the authority of this section will now be 
credited to the account that is currently available at the time 
the reimbursement is received.
Section 204. Buying Power Maintenance Account.
    This section amends section 24(b)(7) of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act by striking subparagraph (D) 
and increasing the value of the Buying Power Maintenance 
Account. Section 24(b) established the Account, whereby unused 
funds appropriated to the Department may be transferred to the 
account when currency fluctuation causes a favorable exchange 
rate, resulting in excess funds. These funds are then used to 
cover shortfalls caused by a future decline in the value of the 
dollar. Subsection (b)(7) permits the transfer of expired, 
unobligated balances into the no-year Buying Power Maintenance 
Account (for example, when funds are credited back to the 
account after the end of a fiscal year), subject to compliance 
with congressional reprogramming requirements and a $100 
million cap. The amendment in this section eliminates a 
requirement which makes such transfers subject to advance 
appropriations, which has made the transfer authority less 
usable. The Committee notes that the Department of Defense has 
a similar authority (10 U.S.C. 2779).
Section 205. Authority to Administratively Amend Surcharges.
    This section allows the Secretary of State to adjust fee 
levels for passports and immigrant visas administratively in 
keeping with the practice followed for other fees collected by 
the Department.
Section 206. Accountability Review Boards.
    This section provides a limited exemption from the 
requirement to convene an Accountability Review Board (ARB) in 
incidents that involve serious injury, loss of life or 
significant destruction of property at or related to a U.S. 
Mission in Iraq or Afghanistan. The Secretary of State would 
have the discretion to convene an ARB or use alternate 
accountability review procedures for these two high-risk 
missions. In addition to providing for appropriate 
accountability review, affording such discretion recognizes 
that alternative procedures may be better suited to review 
cases at missions where the level of risk is higher than would 
normally be considered acceptable.
Section 207. Designation of Colin L. Powell Residential Plaza.
    This section authorizes the naming of the staff housing 
facility for the U.S. Embassy in Jamaica as the ``Colin L. 
Powell Residential Plaza.'' This provision was suggested by the 
State Department as a tribute to former Secretary Powell for 
his efforts on behalf of the foreign service and to recognize 
his Jamaican heritage.
Section 208. Removal of Contracting Prohibition.
    This section repeals Section 406(c) of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-399) 
which made persons doing business with Libya ineligible for 
contracts awarded under this act. The Department seeks relief 
from this prohibition in order to undertake near-term 
activities, such as refurbishing and maintaining the current 
U.S. liaison office in Tripoli.
Section 209. Translation of Reports of the Department of State.
    This section requires that, within 30 days after the date 
of issuance by the U.S. mission in a foreign country, the 
Trafficking in Persons Report and the International Religious 
Freedom Report shall be translated into the official language 
of that country. In addition, the translated report must be 
posted on the Web site of the U.S. Embassy in that country. The 
Committee strongly believes that translation of the reports is 
critical to accomplishing the purpose of the U.S. Congress in 
requiring these reports.
Section 210. Entries Within Passports.
    This section amends the law (``An Act to regulate the issue 
and validity of passports, and for other purposes'', approved 
July 3, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 211a; 44 Stat. 887)), under which the 
Secretary of State is authorized to issue passports and is 
intended to be read as an essential condition of that 
authority. It provides that upon the request of a U.S. citizen 
or the legal guardian of a citizen born in the city of 
Jerusalem, the Secretary of State shall record the place of 
birth as Israel.
    Unlike other citizens, who if born outside the United 
States have their passports marked with the country of their 
birth, Americans born in Jerusalem, Israel, have their 
passports marked ``Jerusalem.'' This provision, similar to 
provisions of prior years' bills, permits such citizens to 
have, on request, their passports state ``Israel'' rather than 
``Jerusalem.'' The provision clarifies that this requirement 
relates to, and is part of, the underlying provision relating 
to the authority of the Secretary to issue passports, and that 
such authority is derived solely from statute. Moreover, the 
section notes the citizen has a right to bear a passport that 
is accurate.
Section 211. United States Actions with Respect to Jerusalem as the 
        Capital of Israel.
    This section addresses the status of Jerusalem as part of 
Israel. Subsection (a) provides that none of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this act may be expended for 
the operation of a U.S. consulate in Jerusalem unless such a 
consulate is under the supervision of the U.S. Ambassador to 
Israel. The Congress believes that it is difficult for United 
States policy in Israel to be consistent if the Embassy and 
Consulate operate, unlike other such entities, under separate--
rather than unified--direction. The Consulate has within its 
jurisdiction areas that are clearly within Israel under the 
policies of the Congress and even of this (and prior) 
Administrations. This provision has been carried in prior 
years' bills.
    Subsection (b) provides that none of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this act may be available for the 
publication of any official government document which lists 
countries and their capital cities unless it identifies 
Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. This provision was carried 
in last year's Foreign Relations Authorization Act and is 
repeated so as to apply to spending authorized by this act, as 
well. The Congress believes that Israel is entitled to decide 
where its capital is and that our Embassy should be in that 
capital; it has consistently supported Israel in this regard.
Section 212. Availability of Unclassified Telecommunications 
        Facilities.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to make 
available to Congressional Committees the use of 
telecommunication facilities located in an overseas facility to 
allow Committees to receive testimony or other communications 
from an individual in that country.
    The Department of State has not always fully cooperated in 
making its unclassified telecommunications facilities available 
to Committees of Congress to receive the testimony of witnesses 
who are located overseas. This would clarify that it is the 
duty of the Department to assist the Congress in this regard. 
Increasing the use of digital videoconferencing technology has 
the potential to reduce the travel expenses for witnesses that 
might otherwise be borne by the taxpayer, and to increase the 
range of information available to the Congress so as to improve 
its oversight and legislative efforts.
Section 213. Reporting Formats.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to submit 
required congressional reports electronically. This requirement 
is to take effect with the first report submitted after 
enactment of this act. The Department of State has lagged 
behind agencies such as the United States Agency for 
International Development in providing information to the 
Congress in machine-readable form. Its reports, which are 
prepared internally in machine-readable form, are reduced to 
paper for delivery to the Congress but are not accompanied by 
``electronic'' versions. This practice results in waste and 
delays or prevents the further dissemination, in appropriate 
cases, of the information to the public.
Section 214. Extension of Requirement for Scholarships for Tibetans and 
        Burmese.
    This section amends section 103(b)(1) of the Human Rights, 
Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 
(P.L. 104-319) by striking ``for the Fiscal Year 2003'' and 
inserting ``for each of the Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007.'' This 
continues the authority for scholarships for Tibetans and 
Burmese students and professionals.
Section 215. American Institute in Taiwan Facilities Enhancement.
    This provision amends P.L. 106-212, the American Institute 
in Taiwan Facilities Enhancement Act, by striking the $75 
million authorization of appropriations and replacing such 
authorization with ``such sums as may be necessary.'' While 
final construction decisions have not been made, the 
expectation is that the new building for the American Institute 
in Taiwan will cost more than the $75 million originally 
authorized.
Section 216. Activities Related to Cuba.
    This section, as authorized by existing law, provides $5 
million from fiscal year 2006 funds to be used for various 
educational exchange programs operated by the Bureau of 
Educational and Cultural Affairs of the Department of State to 
support the Cuban people. It underscores U.S. policy by 
focusing on human rights dissidents, pro-democracy activists, 
and independent civil society members. It provides for 
congressional oversight by requiring: (1) no later than 90 days 
after the date of enactment of this act, reporting to the 
Committee on prospective participants in the programs listed in 
the section; and (2) a 15-day prior notification to the 
Committee on participants deemed by the Department to be 
eligible for such programs. Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as limiting, in any way, existing restrictions in 
U.S. law relating to travel to and from Cuba or existing 
prohibitions relating to Cuban nationals, including those 
imposed due to Cuba's designation as a state-sponsor of 
terrorism under the Export Administration Act, as amended, and 
those prohibitions imposed by other U.S. laws on officials, 
agents, instrumentalities of, and representatives of the Castro 
regime or of the Cuban Communist Party.

    TITLE III. ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Section 301. Education Allowances.
    This section makes the following changes to the education 
allowance in 5 U.S.C. 5924(4): (1) allows for travel to the 
United States for children in kindergarten through 12th grade, 
when schools at post are not adequate; (2) allows for 
educational travel to a school outside the United States for 
children at the secondary and college level; and (3) allows the 
option of storing children's personal effects near the school 
during their trip home, rather than transporting them back and 
forth.
Section 302. Official Residence Expenses.
    This section permits the Department of State to provide in 
advance funds available for official residence expenses under 5 
U.S.C. 5913(b) to those persons now eligible to receive 
reimbursement for such expenses.
    Currently, principal officers at posts abroad are required 
to pay all household expenses personally and then submit 
vouchers for reimbursement. Some principal officers at posts 
where official residence expenses are high cannot afford to pay 
such expenses personally before receiving reimbursement. This 
proposal, which would not require any additional funds to 
implement, would enable such officers to receive funds in 
advance to defray the unusual expenses incidental to the 
operation and maintenance of official residences.
Section 303. Increased Limits Applicable to Post Differentials and 
        Danger Pay Allowances.
    This section increases the cap for hardship and danger pay 
for Foreign Service personnel from 25 percent of salary to 35 
percent. As a result of increased danger in many locations, 
many posts with high but disparate levels of danger and 
hardship are clustered at the ceiling rate of 25 percent. This 
has resulted in an inability to maintain appropriate 
distinctions between the various levels of danger and hardship. 
This section would not result in an automatic increase of rates 
for all danger pay and hardship pay locations, but would 
provide the Department discretionary authority to make 
appropriate adjustments. Subsection (d) provides that the 
Secretary of State inform the appropriate Committees of 
Congress of the criteria for increasing these differentials and 
expects the Department to brief the Committees prior to such an 
increase.
Section 304. Home Leave.
    This section provides that Foreign Service Officers may 
take authorized rest and recuperation travel under 22 U.S.C. 
4081(6) even if they take accrued, unused home leave authorized 
by this section. This would ensure that eligibility for R&R; 
would not be affected if someone used accrued home leave while 
on other travel to the United States. In addition, this section 
reduces the time period for eligibility for home leave from 18 
months to 12 months.
Section 305. Overseas Equalization and Comparability Pay Adjustment.
    This section would amend Chapter 4 of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3961) to stipulate that Foreign Service 
Officers in class one or below, stationed outside the 
continental United States, receive locality-based comparability 
payments under section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, 
that would be paid to a member if his or her official duty 
station were in Washington, DC. The provision has a 3-year 
phase-in period.
    For the past several years, government employees have 
received locality pay adjustments intended to raise Federal 
salaries to the level of salaries paid in the private sector 
for comparable work. Foreign Service Officers working in 
Washington, DC. receive the locality pay, but those stationed 
outside the United States do not. This has resulted in an 
average of 15.98 percent difference between the base pay of 
personnel stationed overseas and those stationed in Washington, 
creating a greater financial incentive to serve in Washington, 
DC.
Section 306. Fellowship of Hope Program.
    This section amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 by 
adding a new section that clarifies the authority underlying a 
current exchange program between the foreign affairs agencies 
of the United States, the European Union, and its member states 
created to promote collaboration among its young leaders. Under 
this program, Foreign Service Officers are identified on an 
annual basis to serve 1-year details at the European Union in 
Brussels and designated European foreign ministries. After the 
Foreign Service Officers complete the details at the EU or in 
the foreign ministries, they are assigned to a position in the 
U.S. Embassy in the relevant European capital. Conversely, the 
State Department also will receive members of the diplomatic 
corps from the European Union and designated foreign 
ministries. While the present program is conducted with EU 
member states, the new section would envision its expansion to 
cover NATO countries that are not members of the EU (e.g., 
Canada, Norway).
    Subsection (d) confirms the principle that officers or 
employees of the United States owe their allegiance to the 
United States and be bound by oath to support and defend the 
U.S. Constitution, and that this section does not authorize a 
member of the U.S. Foreign Service to be assigned to a position 
with a foreign government or entity that requires the U.S. 
Foreign Service member to give allegiance or loyalty to that 
foreign government or entity rather than the United States.
Section 307. Regulations Regarding Retirement Credit for Government 
        Service Performed Abroad.
    This section sets a 60-day deadline for issuance of 
regulations to implement Section 321 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (P.L. 107-228). This 
section provides for retirement credit for part-time, or 
temporary, employees who worked for the Department of State 
overseas in the 1990s.
Section 308. Promoting Assignments to International Organizations.
    This section amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to 
include, as consideration for promotion, whether the officer 
has served in a multilateral institution or international 
organization. The purpose of this change is to encourage 
members of the Foreign Service to take assignments with 
international or multi-national responsibilities.
Section 309. Suspension of Foreign Service Members Without Pay.
    This section would amend Section 610 of the Foreign Service 
Act to allow the Department to suspend without pay a member of 
the Foreign Service in cases where there is reasonable cause to 
believe that the employee has committed a crime for which the 
employee may be imprisoned and there is a connection to the 
efficiency of the Service. Currently, a Foreign Service 
employee indicted for a crime, e.g., murder or child 
molestation, is allowed to use accrued leave or leave without 
pay (approved absence) while incarcerated. No administrative 
action can be taken against the employee until a conviction. 
However, a Civil Service employee (under Title 5) indicted for 
the same crime is placed on ``indefinite suspension.''
Section 310. Death Gratuity.
    This section amends Section 413(a) of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980, to provide a death gratuity payment of $100,000, 
or 1 year's salary, whichever is greater upon the death of a 
Foreign Service officer who dies as a result of injuries 
sustained in the performance of duty abroad.
Section 311. Clarification of Foreign Service Grievance Board 
        Procedures.
    This section amends the Foreign Service Act to allow the 
Foreign Service Grievance Board to retain an employee on the 
payroll while a grievance is being reviewed until a final 
decision is rendered on the merits of the case before the 
Board. Section 314(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization 
Act, FY 2003 (P.L. 107-228) regarding separation for cause, 
struck similar language from Section 1106(8) of the Foreign 
Service Act that this provision reinstates.
Section 312. Repeal of Recertification Requirement for Members of the 
        Senior Foreign Service.
    This section repeals the provision in the Foreign Service 
Act that requires the Secretary to establish a recertification 
requirement for members of the Senior Foreign Service (SFS) 
that is equivalent to the recertification process for the 
Senior Executive Service (SES).
    In Section 1321 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 
107-296), the Congress repealed the recertification 
requirements for SES employees contained in title 5 of the 
United States Code. The rationale was that these periodic 
recertification requirements for the SES did not serve a useful 
purpose. The same rationale applies to the SFS.
Section 313. Technical Amendments to Title 5, United States Code, 
        Provisions on Recruitment, Relocation, and Retention Bonuses.
    Section 101 of the Federal Workforce Flexibility Act of 
2004 amended sections 5753 and 5754 of Title 5 regarding 
recruitment, retention, and relocation benefits, which state 
that such bonuses may not be paid to a person who holds a 
position to which an individual is appointed by the President, 
by and with the consent of the Senate. Although such language 
was seemingly aimed at precluding application to traditional 
appointees, it has the effect of excluding all Foreign Service 
Officers as defined by Section 103(4) of the Foreign Service 
Act of 1980, as amended, who are by definition appointed by the 
President under section 302(a)(1) of the FSA. This proposal 
seeks to clarify the amended statutory provisions so as not to 
preclude the Department from offering these benefits even with 
the approval of the Office of Personnel Management (OPM). The 
section clarifies that ambassador-level appointees will remain 
subject to the existing restrictions of sections 5753 and 5754 
of Title 5.
Section 314. Limited Appointments in the Foreign Service.
    This section codifies the Department practice of requiring 
specialist-limited, non-career appointees to have a 1-year 
break in service after completion of a 5-year limited 
appointment before assuming a new limited appointment. In 
addition, it authorizes the Department to extend limited 
appointments, now capped at 5 years, of career Foreign Service 
candidates in certain circumstances. Such an extension would be 
based on needs of the Service. An example of such a 
circumstance is a case where an officer is called to active 
military duty. This authority is not intended to be used to 
extend the career candidacy of junior officers except as 
expressly provided for in the amendment.
Section 315. Statement of Congress Regarding Career Development Program 
        for Senior Foreign Service.
    The Committee applauds the recent changes to the career 
development program for entry into the Senior Foreign Service, 
and reiterates its support for a career development program 
which ensures that members of the Senior Foreign Service 
demonstrate operational effectiveness and experience in 
functional areas of expertise as well as geographic expertise. 
The Committee emphasizes the importance of human rights work 
and expresses its hope that the revised career development 
program will result in a stronger Bureau of Democracy, Human 
Rights and Labor as well as Foreign Service Officers better 
equipped to promote human rights around the world consistent 
with the objectives of Title VI of this act.
Section 316. Sense of Congress Regarding Additional United States 
        Consular Posts.
    This section recommends that the Secretary of State 
establish consulates or other United States diplomatic 
presences in Pusan, South Korea, Hat Yai, Thailand, and in an 
additional location in an under served region in India.
Section 317. Office of the Culture of Lawfulness.
    This section creates an Office of the Culture of Lawfulness 
within the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law 
Enforcement Affairs. The section requires the office to be 
headed by a Director with at least two professional staff. The 
purpose of the office is to promote, coordinate, manage, and 
report on our worldwide culture of lawfulness efforts. The 
existing global rule of law program needs greater attention 
within the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law 
Enforcement Affairs, and this office with dedicated staff will 
provide the necessary focus.
Section 318. Review of Human Resources Policies of the Department of 
        State.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to conduct a 
review of the human resources capabilities within the 
Department and evaluate whether the Department is organized 
effectively and whether individuals with the appropriate skills 
are being hired to meet the new security challenges. This 
provision also requires that the review include an emphasis on 
improving the ethnic, racial, cultural and gender diversity of 
personnel of the Department and a biennial report on the 
review.

                 TITLE IV. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Section 401. REDI Center.
    This section explicitly authorizes U.S. participation in 
the Regional Emerging Disease Intervention (``REDI'') Center in 
Singapore. Singapore is expected to fund the operations of the 
facility and there is no requirement for an authorization of 
appropriations.
Section 402. Extension of Authorization of Appropriation for the United 
        States Commission on International Religious Freedom.
    This section authorizes appropriations of $3,300,000 for 
the operations of the U.S. Commission on International 
Religious Freedom for each fiscal year, 2006-2011. This is an 
increase of $300,000 per year from the fiscal year 2005 funding 
level. The Commission established in P.L. 105-292 is an 
independent agency charged with reviewing and reporting on 
violations of international religious freedom. The Commission 
recommends options for U.S. policies with respect to foreign 
countries which engage in or tolerate violations of religious 
freedom.
Section 403. Reform of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
    Subsection (a) states that efforts to prevent the further 
spread of nuclear weapons would be enhanced by universal 
membership in the IAEA and that the enhanced authorities 
provided by the IAEA Additional Protocol to the Safeguards 
Agreements between the IAEA and IAEA Member States are 
indispensable to the IAEA's ability to conduct inspections of 
nuclear facilities with a high degree of confidence.
    The subsection further states that the national security 
interests of the U.S. would be enhanced by the rapid 
ratification and implementation of the Additional Protocol by 
all Member States of the United Nations of U.N. Security 
Council Resolution 1540. This resolution requires all Member 
States to adopt and enforce the necessary laws and regulations 
criminalizing the provision of any form of support given to 
non-state actors that attempt to manufacture, acquire, possess, 
develop, transport, transfer, or use nuclear, chemical, or 
biological weapons and their means of delivery.
    The subsection also states that U.S. national security 
interests require that the IAEA be adequately equipped with the 
authorities and resources needed to comprehensively and 
efficiently carry out its responsibilities for inspections and 
safeguards of nuclear facilities. The Committee believes that 
the IAEA's ability to carry out these tasks is undermined by 
recurring shortages of funds that arise from the U.S. paying 
its assessed contribution at the end of the calendar year 
instead of the beginning.
    The Committee also believes that any savings accruing from 
this delayed payment are far outweighed by the negative impact 
on fundamental U.S. national security interests. The Committee 
strongly recommends that the Department of State expeditiously 
adopt a payment schedule that provides the IAEA with the annual 
U.S. contribution at the beginning of the calendar year in line 
with the general practice of other Member States.
    Subsection (b) states that the Nuclear Nonproliferation 
Treaty (NPT) is the foundation for international cooperation to 
prevent the further spread of nuclear weapons capabilities and 
that the overriding purpose of the NPT has always been to 
prevent the spread of these capabilities.
    The subsection states that the language of Article IV of 
the NPT regarding the ``. . . right to develop research, 
production, and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes 
without discrimination . . .'' is specifically conditioned by, 
and must be interpreted within the context of, Article II of 
the NPT which obligates signatories not to undertake activities 
relating to the development of nuclear weapons. The subsection 
states that because the processes used for the enrichment of 
uranium and the reprocessing of plutonium for peaceful purposes 
are virtually identical to those needed for military 
applications and thereby inherently pose a risk of 
proliferation, Article IV cannot be interpreted to recognize an 
inalienable right by every country to enrich uranium or 
reprocess plutonium.
    This subsection also states that, given the NPT's 
overriding purpose of preventing the proliferation of nuclear 
weapons capabilities, the withdrawal provision in Article X of 
the Treaty cannot be interpreted in a manner consistent with 
the NPT's purpose as permitting a signatory country to 
surreptitiously develop a nuclear weapons capability based on 
materials, facilities, and the equipment it has acquired for 
ostensibly peaceful purposes under Article IV and then withdraw 
from the Treaty with that capacity intact. Therefore, the 
relevant materials, facilities, and equipment must be destroyed 
or surrendered before that country will be recognized as having 
legally exercised its right of withdrawal from the NPT.
    Subsection (c) declares that Congress holds that all 
provisions of the NPT must be interpreted within the context of 
preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons and that 
Article IV of the NPT does not guarantee to every country that 
is a State Party to the NPT an inalienable right to enrich 
uranium or reprocess plutonium. It further declares that if an 
NPT State Party gives notice of its intention to withdraw from 
the NPT under Article X, it must surrender all of the 
materials, facilities, and equipment acquired for ostensibly 
peaceful purposes under Article IV and that no state will be 
recognized as having legally exercised its right of withdrawal 
until it destroys or surrenders all such materials, facilities, 
and equipment.
    The Committee believes that the provisions in Article IV of 
the NPT regarding the rights of countries to develop peaceful 
nuclear energy are commonly and fundamentally misinterpreted by 
their being considered in isolation instead of within the 
Treaty's governing context of nonproliferation. Article IV can 
be interpreted consistent with the purpose of the Treaty only 
as recognizing a general right to pursue those activities that 
can clearly be demonstrated to be for peaceful purposes and not 
as an unconditional right to acquire the most sensitive 
technologies relating to nuclear fuel making or acquiring or 
expanding capacities that could be useful for military 
applications.
    As the U.S. noted at the NPT Review Conference May 18, 
2005: ``While compliant State Parties should be able to avail 
themselves of the benefits that peaceful use of nuclear energy 
has brought to mankind, the Treaty establishes no right to 
receive any particular nuclear technology from other States 
Parties--and most especially, no right to receive technologies 
that pose as significant proliferation risk.''
    The absence of an unlimited right, however, does not rule 
out the possibility for legally acquiring any particular 
capacity or engaging in any particular activity. Instead, for a 
country seeking to acquire a particular capacity or engage in a 
particular activity that could bring it closer to acquiring a 
nuclear weapons capability, a burden of proof must be placed on 
it to demonstrate that the intended effect is clearly peaceful, 
that there is a compelling economic need or benefit that will 
result, and that any proliferation risk that could result has 
been reduced to a maximum extent. Given that a capacity to 
enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium would allow its possessor 
to amass large quantities of nuclear weapons-usable materials, 
the diversion of which to make nuclear weapons cannot yet be 
detected in a timely fashion, Article IV cannot be interpreted 
consistent with the purpose of the Treaty as recognizing a 
right to a develop a self-sufficient capacity to enrich uranium 
or reprocess plutonium unless the attendant risks of 
proliferation have been demonstrated to have been reduced to a 
maximum extent.
    The Committee strongly believes that this burden of proof 
extends far beyond mere statements of intent by the government 
of a State Party or limited inspections by the IAEA and 
includes consideration of the totality of measures and actions 
that appear to be inconsistent with purely peaceful purposes, 
such as the existence of undeclared nuclear facilities, 
procurement patterns inconsistent with a civil nuclear program, 
extensive security measures beyond those normally deemed 
sufficient for civil nuclear installations, a pattern of 
Article III safeguards violations suggestive of willful 
deception, efforts to conceal nuclear activities from the IAEA, 
or a nuclear program that appears to have little coherence for 
peaceful purposes but great coherence for weapons purposes.
    Iran and other countries suspected of developing a 
clandestine nuclear weapons capability have claimed that their 
acquisition of the necessary elements is permitted by an 
expansive interpretation of Article IV that, if widely 
accepted, would eliminate virtually all limits on the nuclear 
program of any State Party as long as its government maintains 
the fiction that that program is intended solely for peaceful 
applications. If this interpretation were conceded, the 
limitations imposed by the NPT would be effectively 
eviscerated, and any country could legally acquire virtually 
all of the components needed for a nuclear weapons program by 
doing so under the guise of developing a peaceful nuclear 
energy program. This expansive interpretation is clearly 
contrary to the clearly stated purpose and governing context of 
the Treaty, namely preventing the proliferation of nuclear 
weapons capabilities, and therefore cannot be accepted as 
credible.
    The Committee strongly believes that, given that Iran's 
nuclear program unambiguously fails to meet the burden of proof 
of peaceful intent, Iran does not possess a legal right under 
the NPT to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium.
    The Committee further believes that the provisions of 
Article V governing the exchange of technology for peaceful 
purposes are similarly contingent upon the recipient state's 
demonstration that the risks of proliferation from its 
acquisition of any material, facility, or equipment from a 
supplier state have been reduced to a maximum extent. As such, 
it is the responsibility of each supplier state to ensure that 
this burden of proof has been fully met by the recipient state 
prior to the execution of the relevant transaction.
    The Committee believes that the purpose of the NPT would be 
rendered hollow if a State Party were allowed to legally 
acquire the components needed for a nuclear weapons program 
under the guise of developing a peaceful nuclear program and 
then, by withdrawing from the Treaty, free itself from the 
nonproliferation restrictions imposed by the NPT. To permit a 
retention of these capabilities after withdrawal would be to 
acknowledge beforehand an enduring right of each State Party to 
legally circumvent the Treaty's restrictions, a right that 
would be contrary to the Treaty's clearly stated and overriding 
purpose of preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons 
capabilities, a purpose that has been freely agreed to by every 
State Party. For this reason, due to the inherent proliferation 
risks, the Committee believes that Article X cannot be 
interpreted consistent with the NPT's purpose as permitting a 
State Party to retain after its withdrawal the materials, 
facilities, and equipment acquired for ostensibly peaceful uses 
under Article IV and that therefore the surrender or 
destruction of these capabilities must occur prior to a 
recognition of that withdrawal.
    Subsection (d) expresses a sense of Congress that the IAEA 
Director General should strengthen his efforts to secure 
adherence to an IAEA Additional Protocol by all IAEA Member 
States. The subsection also states Congress's belief that the 
IAEA's Statute authorizes it to provide nuclear security 
assistance to its Member States.
    The purpose of subsection (d)(2) is to clarify any 
ambiguity concerning the IAEA's legal ability to provide 
nuclear security assistance.
    Subsection (e) encourages the President to encourage rapid 
universal ratification of an IAEA Additional Protocol and the 
implementation of the provisions of U.N. Security Council 
Resolution 1540. The subsection authorizes the President to 
suspend U.S. non-humanitarian foreign assistance to any country 
which fails to ratify an Additional Protocol and implement the 
provisions of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1540. The 
subsection also requires the Secretary of State to submit a 
report on U.S. efforts to promote the universal implementation 
of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1540 and gives the 
President the discretion to submit such a report within the 
State Department's ``Patterns of Global Terrorism'' report.
    The Committee believes that U.S. national security 
interests regarding nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism 
would benefit greatly from the rapid and universal ratification 
and implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol and U.N. 
Security Council Resolution 1540. Given that the legislative 
burden on any country for doing so is slight, and reasons for 
substantive opposition lacking evidence or argument, action by 
the United States and other countries would be useful to ensure 
that all countries understand the importance of these measures 
to the interests of the United States and to those of the world 
as a whole. This subsection provides the President with a 
substantive means of persuasion for those countries 
unresponsive to requests for action.
    Subsection (f) instructs the Secretary of State to ensure 
that the U.S. pays its assessed contribution to the IAEA at the 
beginning of the calendar year.
    Subsection (g) authorizes to be appropriated additional 
funds as may be necessary to permit the Secretary of State to 
ensure that the U.S. can pay its regularly assessed 
contribution to the IAEA at the beginning of the calendar year 
to compensate for the current late payment.
Section 404. Property Disposition.
    This section would allow the Secretary of State to use 
discretion as to whether to retain ownership of the Palazzo 
Corpi building located in Istanbul, Turkey. Despite the known 
security risks, current law mandates that the Secretary of 
State retain ownership of the building for the purpose of 
maintaining the International Center for Middle Eastern-Western 
Dialogue at such location due to the building's historic 
nature. Recognizing that the Palazzo Corpi does not meet 
security standards, has been a terrorist target numerous times 
in the past, and the Department has indicated it cannot ensure 
the safety and security of the staff and visitors to this 
location, the Committee believes the Secretary should properly 
dispose of this property .

                  TITLE V. INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

Section 501. Short Title.
    This title may be cited as the ``International Broadcasting 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007.''
Section 502. Middle East Broadcasting Networks.
    This section amends the U.S. International Broadcasting Act 
of 1994 to establish the Middle East Broadcasting Network as a 
non-Federal grantee organization. It would authorize the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) to make annual grants for 
the purpose of carrying out radio and television broadcasting 
to the Middle East in Arabic, consistent with the broadcast 
standards and principles set for in the International 
Broadcasting Act of 1994. It provides for the establishment of 
the Middle East Broadcasting Networks (MBN) under a corporate 
structure, similar to that of RFE/RL, Inc. and Radio Free Asia. 
MBN incorporates Radio Sawa and Alhurra, the 24-hour-a-day 
television service to the Arab-speaking world.
    Section 109A(c)(i)(A) of the International Broadcasting Act 
of 1994 provides that the Board of Directors of MBN will 
consist of the members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, 
and that the Board of Directors will make all major policy 
determinations with respect to MBN. The section also provides 
that MBN is not a Federal agency, but is subject to audit by 
the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and inspection by 
the Inspector General of the Department of State and the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors.
    This section also makes a number of technical amendments to 
the U.S. International Broadcasting Act of 1994 to clarify the 
relationship of the corporate broadcast entity to the Board and 
the Board's authority to allocate funds to MBN. In addition, it 
adds the Middle East Broadcasting Networks to the broadcasting 
entities that are to be represented in a coordinating committee 
to be chaired by the Director of the International Broadcasting 
Bureau.
    The section would ensure that limitations on civil 
liability that apply to members of the BBG also apply to such 
members when serving as members of the Board of MBN.
Section 503. Improving Signal Delivery to Cuba.
    This provision would update existing law with respect to 
the BBG's flexibility to enhance the transmission of Radio 
Marti broadcasts to Cuba. Under existing law, Radio Marti is 
required to utilize the broadcasting facilities at Marathon, 
Florida, and the 1180 AM frequency that was used by the Voice 
of America prior to the enactment of the Radio Broadcasting to 
Cuba Act, except in the instance where the broadcasts are 
jammed. In the instance of jamming, which has been in evidence 
since the station began broadcasting in May 1985, the station 
is authorized to utilize other transmission mechanisms. This 
section: Recognizes the fact that jamming is a constant in 
Radio Marti's broadcast environment; clarifies the authority of 
the Office of Cuba Broadcasting to use additional AM 
frequencies, as well as FM and SW frequencies; and provides 
Radio Marti with the same transmission options that are 
available to other BBG broadcast entities.
Section 504. Establishing Permanent Authority for Radio Free Asia.
    In 1994, Congress placed a sunset of September 30, 2009, in 
Radio Free Asia's (RFA) enabling legislation. This section 
would repeal the sunset clause in Radio Free Asia's enacting 
legislation (P.L. 103-236).
    RFA's mission is to provide in-country news and information 
to countries that do not permit free media. Almost all of RFA's 
target countries--China, North Korea, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, and 
Cambodia--are Communist, military, or authoritarian regimes 
that give no indication of allowing a free indigenous press any 
time in the near future, and certainly not before 2009.
    The Committee underscores the importance of Radio Free Asia 
as a tool for the promotion of democracy, freedom of 
expression, and the free media in Asia and recommends the 
establishment of permanent authority to carry out its 
activities.
Section 505. Personal Services Contracting Program.
    This section would amend Section 503 of the Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act for 2003 (P.L. 107-228) to permit 
the Broadcasting Board of Governors to employ up to 100 
personal services contractors in the United States at any given 
time.
    In P.L. 107-228, the Congress granted the BBG authority to 
administer a pilot program to employ up to 60 U.S. citizens or 
aliens as personal services contractors at any one time. This 
authority was further limited by the requirement that the need 
for such employment ``is not of permanent duration.'' The pilot 
program terminates on December 31, 2005.
    According to the BBG, this pilot program has been helpful 
in responding to the need to fill positions when a rapid 
increase in broadcasting is required. Therefore, the Committee 
makes this program permanent, with a cap of 100 contractors.
Section 506. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Education 
        Benefits.
    This section authorizes expenditures of funds for the 
purpose of providing education allowances for dependents of 
Broadcasting Board of Governors personnel employed in the 
Northern Mariana Islands.

                TITLE VI--ADVANCE DEMOCRACY ACT OF 2005

    The ADVANCE Democracy Act of 2005, which was originally 
introduced as H.R. 1133 by Representatives Frank Wolf and Tom 
Lantos, establishes in law a framework to strengthen and 
institutionalize the promotion of democracy within the State 
Department. The Committee believes that, while there are a 
number of talented and dedicated career State Department 
officials who focus their talents and energy on democracy 
promotion, these efforts could be strengthened. The Committee 
applauds Secretary Rice for her forthright and compelling 
statements regarding the need for our friends and adversaries 
alike to increase their efforts at democracy, and this section 
is intended to create incentives and training necessary to more 
deeply ingrain these policies into the fabric of the Department 
of State.
Section 601. Short Title.
    This section states that the act may be referred to as the, 
``Advance Democratic Values, Address Non-democratic Countries 
and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005,'' or the ``ADVANCE Democracy 
Act of 2005.''
Section 602. Findings.
    This section contains congressional findings describing the 
need to promote democracy throughout the world. The Committee 
notes that democracy is increasingly seen as a key part of the 
international system as reflected by the unanimous vote at the 
United Nations Commission on Human Rights affirming the right 
to democracy as a human right. Beginning in 2002, Congress 
began trying to focus the Department of State increasingly on 
being more active in furthering this trend in the Freedom 
Investment Act of 2002.
    Over the past three decades, the number of fully democratic 
countries has more than doubled, from 41 to 89, while the 
number of countries governed by a dictator or a totalitarian 
government has decreased by 37 percent, often as a result of 
nonviolent resistance by the peoples of such countries, aided 
by support from democratic countries. According to the annual 
Freedom in the World report published by Freedom House (an 
annual comparative assessment of the state of political rights 
and civil liberties in 192 countries and 18 related and 
disputed territories), 75 percent of the population of the 
world currently lives in countries categorized as ``entirely 
free'' or ``partly free,'' as opposed to only 57 percent in 
1973. These changes have been achieved in part through 
sustained and comprehensive efforts by democratic countries, 
including the United States and the democratic countries of 
Europe, to support dissidents and democracy activists in non-
democratic countries. The findings note that the promotion of 
universal democracy constitutes a long-term challenge that does 
not always lead to an immediate transition to full democracy 
but, through a dedicated and integrated approach, it can 
achieve universal democracy.
Section 603. Statement of Policy.
    This section declares that it is United States policy: To 
promote freedom and democracy and to affirm fundamental 
freedoms and human rights throughout the world as fundamental 
components of United States foreign policy; to provide support 
to nongovernmental organizations, individuals and movements 
living in nondemocratic countries that aspire to live in 
freedom; to provide political, economic, and other support to 
foreign countries that are undertaking a transition to 
democracy; and to strengthen alliances with other democratic 
countries in order to better promote and defend shared values 
and ideals.
Section 604. Definitions.
    This section provides definitions for use in the act.

               SUBTITLE A--DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACTIVITIES

    Subtitle A ensures that Department of State activities and 
officers promote freedom and democracy throughout the world as 
a fundamental objective of United States foreign policy by 
seeking to end dictatorial and other nondemocratic forms of 
governance in foreign countries through peaceful methods.
Section 611. Promotion of Democracy in Foreign Countries.
    Subsection (a) amends the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act by codifying the position of Under Secretary of 
State for Global Affairs, who shall have the primary 
responsibility of formulating and implementing United States 
policies and activities relating to the transition to and 
development of democracy in nondemocratic countries, as well as 
continuing to coordinate United States policy on global issues. 
Subsection (b) enhances the duties of the Assistant Secretary 
of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor in democracy 
promotion. Subsection (c) requires that there be an office 
responsible for working with democratic movements and 
facilitating the transition of countries to democracy, which 
should be supervised by a new deputy assistant secretary, with 
the role of assisting individuals and movements committed to 
promoting democracy. The office would provide political support 
and facilitate the funding of nongovernmental organizations 
that promote democratic principles, practices and values; 
foster relationships between such organizations, individuals 
and movements with the government of the country and other 
governments interested in promoting democracy; communicate with 
leaders and other senior government officials regarding the 
respect for liberty democracy and freedom; and communicate with 
opposition political parties in nondemocratic countries.
    This subsection also creates a pilot program to create two 
Regional Democracy Hubs and to increase the number of Foreign 
Service Officers assigned to the Bureau of Democracy, Human 
Rights, and Labor so that such individuals represent 50 percent 
of the employees assigned to the Bureau. With respect to the 
Regional Hubs, the Committee intends that each Hub would be a 
separate section within the Embassy, with the Director serving 
as a member of the Country Team in the country in which the Hub 
is located and reporting to the Ambassador in that country. The 
Hubs should have separate budgetary resources from other 
sections, sufficient to advance the democracy promotion 
mandate. However, Hub employees would also work in cooperation 
with the Ambassadors and Embassy staff from nondemocratic 
countries in the region to assist those missions in their 
efforts at the promotion of democracy. The Committee does not 
intend that the Hub and its employees have the primary 
responsibility for democracy promotion. Rather, that 
responsibility must be vested in the Ambassador and staff in 
each country. The Hubs can be a focal point for innovation, 
assist in stimulating the thinking and action of the individual 
missions and, in other countries in the region, serve as a 
visiting country team member to help devise and implement 
regional approaches to promoting democracy in individual 
countries.
Section 612. Reports.
    Subsection (a) directs the Secretary of State to prepare an 
Annual Report on Democracy that will designate foreign 
countries as ``nondemocratic'' or as ``democratic transition 
countries (because such a country is in an early stage of 
transition to democracy), as determined by reference to 
principles and rights delineated in the Universal Declaration 
of Human Rights, the United Nations Charter, and other 
respected documents. The report will include a short narrative 
for each foreign country designated, and for those nations 
designated ``nondemocratic,'' the Annual Report on Democracy 
will include a strategy to promote and achieve a transition to 
democracy and any actions to promote such a transition. The 
provision also contains criteria that, if not met, will require 
a designation as ``nondemocratic.''
    The report required by subsection (a) is one of the central 
elements of the ADVANCE Democracy Act. The Committee intends 
that the Department provide a forward-looking strategy on how 
the U.S. Government intends to promote democracy in countries 
designated as nondemocratic in the report. The Committee 
believes that, particularly with respect to countries with 
which the United States has other strong national security 
interests, the promotion of democracy sometimes is suppressed 
at key moments where opportunities for a democratic deepening 
exist. By taking elements of democracy promotion from the 
Department's mission program plan, as enhanced by section 917 
of the act, and placing it in context, Congress will be able to 
exercise better oversight as to how the U.S. Government intends 
to develop both short-term and long-term actions to promote 
democracies. As provided in section 914, this information can 
be combined with the Support for Human Rights and Democracies 
(SHRD) Report, originally required by the Freedom Investment 
Act of 2002.
    The Committee believes that the Department should have two 
key human rights reports relating to democracy and universal 
human rights. The first, the annual Country Reports on Human 
Rights Practices, will be an official description of the 
conditions in a country, developed in a nonpolitical and 
factual manner; the second, the Annual Report on Democracy, 
combined with the SHRD Report, should briefly describe the 
current status or situation of human rights and democracy 
movements, the strategy to address the situation, programs 
supported by the U.S. Government to address the situation, and 
the effectiveness of those programs. The description should 
include what the U.S. Government has done, as well as future 
goals. It is also essential for the report to specify how the 
U.S. Government-supported programs are intended to effect the 
specific situation(s) described in the initial country 
narrative. The flaw in the current SHRD Report is that it 
represents a catalogue of the activities that the Department 
has done and does not set forth the Department's strategy and 
implementation plans, nor in some instances does it link how 
specific U.S. Government-supported programs address certain 
serious human rights violations. Understanding that this 
information may be sensitive, this provision allows the 
Secretary to put as much of this information as necessary in a 
classified annex to the report.
    Subsection (b) provides for a one-time report on the 
training program designed by the State Department regarding 
democracy promotion.
Section 613. Strategies to Enhance the Promotion of Democracy in 
        Foreign Countries.
    Subsection (a) provides that the Under Secretary for 
Democracy and Global Affairs should convene annual working 
groups on each country designated as nondemocratic to review 
progress on the U.S. action plan for facilitating a transition 
to democracy in that country. Subsection (b) also provides that 
the Undersecretary should convene working groups on the 
transition of ``partly'' democratic countries to ``fully'' 
democratic countries that were designated as nondemocratic 
countries in previous reports. Subsection (c) identifies that 
these working groups should have interagency representation. 
Subsection (d) directs the chief of mission for each country 
designated as nondemocratic to meet with the Under Secretary of 
Democracy and Global Affairs at least once each year to discuss 
the transition to democracy in such country.
Section 614. Activities by the United States to Promote Democracy and 
        Human Rights in Foreign Countries.
    Subsection (a) amends the Freedom Investment Act of 2002 to 
include a provision directing chiefs of mission in countries 
designated as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on 
Democracy to have at least one political officer whose primary 
responsibility is monitoring human rights developments and 
promoting democracy in such country. It also enables the 
Secretary of State to include in the Annual Report on Democracy 
information required under the Freedom Investment Act of 2002 
(relating to reports on actions taken by the United States to 
encourage respect for human rights) so as to create one 
strategy report relating to both the promotion of democracy and 
the elimination of severe human rights abuses. Subsection (b) 
changes the requirements of the report on eliminating severe 
human rights abuses to include a list of priorities and an 
action plan to eliminate these abuses. As indicated above, it 
also allows the combination of the SHRD Report and the Annual 
Report on Democracy.
Section 615. Democracy Promotion and Human Rights Advisory Board.
    This section creates a bipartisan Democracy Promotion 
Advisory Board whose purpose is to advise and provide 
recommendations on United States policies regarding the 
promotion of democracy and the establishment of universal 
democracy. It requires the Board to conduct a study of U.S. 
democracy assistance within 18 months of the enactment of the 
report and sunsets the Board 6 months thereafter, although the 
Secretary can extend the life of the Board for an additional 5 
years.
    The Committee recognizes that some nongovernmental entities 
and some officials within the Administration would like to see 
reform of the manner in which the United States delivers 
assistance overseas to promote democracy and good governance. 
The study is intended to provide information to the 
Administration and the Congress on how to make this assistance 
more effective and to focus U.S. assistance efforts on 
nondemocratic countries and countries in the early phases of a 
transition to democracy. The study is also intended to review 
whether U.S. international broadcasting services can be better 
used to reach out to populations in foreign countries.
Section 616. Establishment and Maintenance of Internet Site for Global 
        Democracy and Human Rights.
    This section directs the Secretary of State to establish 
and maintain an Internet site for global democracy to 
facilitate access by individuals and nongovernmental 
organizations in foreign countries to documents and other media 
regarding democratic principles, practices, and values, the 
promotion and strengthening of democracy, and the injustices of 
living in a nondemocratic country. This Web site is intended to 
be an address where democracy activists from around the world 
can obtain information on conditions in their country in their 
own language, materials on successful democracy movements and 
tactics for peaceful democratic change, and links to groups 
around the world that engage in similar struggles for freedom. 
The Web site should also include parts of other relevant human 
rights reports, including translations where appropriate, such 
as the annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, the 
annual Religious Freedom Report, and the annual Report on 
Trafficking in Persons.
Section 617. Programs by United States Missions in Foreign Countries 
        and Activities of Chiefs of Mission.
    Subsection (a) directs the chief of mission in each country 
designated as nondemocratic to develop a strategy to promote 
democracy in the country and to provide material and visible 
support to nongovernmental organizations, individuals and 
movements in that country that are committed to democratic 
principles, practices, and values. Subsection (b) encourages 
chiefs of missions and principal officers to spend substantial 
amount of time at universities and other institutions of higher 
learning for the purpose of communicating, promoting, and 
defending U.S. values, purposes and policies related to 
promotion of democracy. Subsection (c) authorizes and 
encourages access by foreign nationals to the premises of 
United States diplomatic missions in countries categorized by 
the most recent Annual Report on Democracy as either a 
``democratic transition country'' or as ``nondemocratic.''
Section 618. Training for Foreign Service Officers.
    Subsection (a) mandates enhanced training in how to 
strengthen and promote democracy for members of the Foreign 
Service having responsibility for internal political 
developments and human rights in foreign countries. The 
Committee believes that in order to effectively implement the 
strategies developed in accordance with this title, the 
Department must have increased emphasis on training for the 
Foreign Service. Training should include: (1) ways to promote 
democracy in a nondemocratic country including building 
relationships and consulting with individuals and 
nongovernmental organizations in such country that support 
democratic principles, practices, and values; (2) providing 
technical, financial, and other support to individuals 
(including expatriated citizens) and nongovernmental 
organizations in such country that support democratic 
principles, practices, and values; (3) instruction on the 
importance of visiting local landmarks and other local sites 
associated with nonviolent protest to demonstrate U.S. support 
of democracy and freedom from oppression; (4) conducting 
discussions with the leaders of such country regarding a 
transition to full democracy, political, social, and economic 
freedoms, United States policy to promote democracy in foreign 
countries, and the possibility that such leaders might 
voluntarily cede power; (5) conducting discussions with the 
students and young people of such country regarding a 
transition to full democracy, and political, social, and 
economic freedoms, and United States policy to promote 
democracy in foreign countries; (6) the methods of nonviolent 
action and the most effective manner to share such information 
with individuals and nongovernmental organizations in such 
country that support democratic principles, practices, and 
values; and (7) the investigation and documentation of 
violations of internationally-recognized human rights in 
coordination with nongovernmental human rights organizations, 
violations of religious freedom, including particularly severe 
violations of religious freedom (as such terms are defined in 
paragraphs (11) and (13) of section 3 of the International 
Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6402)), political 
repression, and government-tolerated or condoned trafficking in 
persons that occur in such country.
    Subsection (b) authorizes this training for members of the 
Civil Service having similar responsibilities. Subsection (c) 
authorizes appropriations as may be necessary to develop 
appropriate programs and materials necessary to accomplish the 
mandatory training. Subsection (d) makes clerical amendments to 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980.
Section 619. Performance Pay; Promotions; Foreign Service Awards.
    Subsection (a) enables meritorious or distinguished service 
in the promotion of democracy in foreign countries to be a 
basis for awarding performance pay to Foreign Service Officers. 
Subsection (b) makes evaluation of an officer's promotion of 
democracy in foreign countries a basis for promotion in the 
Foreign Service. Subsection (c) requires the Secretary shall 
prescribe regulations regarding the implementation of 
subsections (a) and (b). Subsection (d) authorizes Foreign 
Service awards in the instance of distinguished or meritorious 
service in the promotion of democracy, including contact with 
and support of individuals and nongovernmental organizations 
that promote democracy in countries designated as nondemocratic 
in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy.
Section 620. Appointments.
    Subsection (a) requires the President, in the event of 
appointing a representative of the United States in a country 
designated ``nondemocratic,'' to report to the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee what actions that individual took during 
the period of prior service as Chief of Mission to promote 
democracy in that country. Subsection (b) requires that Chiefs 
of Mission assigned to countries designated nondemocratic 
should possess clearly demonstrated competence in and 
commitment to the promotion of democracy in that country, 
including competence in promoting democracy to students and 
young people.

         SUBTITLE B--ALLIANCES WITH OTHER DEMOCRATIC COUNTRIES

    Subtitle B recognizes that the United States' efforts to 
strengthen and promote democracy in nondemocratic countries are 
best conducted in cooperation with other democratic countries.
Section 631. Alliances with Other Democratic Countries.
    Subsection (a) expresses congressional findings that it is 
in the national security interest of the United States to forge 
alliances with democratic countries to promote democracy and 
protect fundamental freedoms around the world. Subsection (b) 
establishes the purposes of Title II as encouraging cooperation 
between democratic countries through new ways of forging 
alliances with democratic countries that promote and protect 
democratic principles, practices, and values. Subsection (c) 
authorizes the President to take such actions as necessary to 
establish alliances with other countries to achieve the 
purposes described in subsection (b). Subsection (d) expresses 
the sense of Congress that any foreign country designated as 
nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy 
should not participate in any alliance of democratic countries.
Section 632. Sense of Congress Regarding the Establishment of a 
        Democracy Caucus.
    Subsection (a) expresses that it is the sense of Congress 
to endorse the findings in the Intelligence Reform and 
Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, of the importance of 
promoting democracy caucuses in international organizations and 
the purposes of such caucuses. Subsection (b) expresses that it 
is the sense of Congress that the creation of a Democracy 
Caucus will not only improve internal governance but will also 
strengthen the implementation of commitments regarding 
democracy and human rights at such organizations.
Section 633. Annual Diplomatic Missions on Multilateral Issues.
    This section declares that the Secretary of State should 
send a high-level delegation from the United States on an 
annual basis to consult with key foreign governments in every 
region to promote United States policies, particularly issues 
relating to human rights, at key international institutions 
such as the United Nations.
Section 634. Strengthening the Community of Democracies.
    Subsection (a) expresses the sense of Congress that the 
Community of Democracies should establish a more formal 
mechanism for carrying out work between ministerial meetings, 
including hiring appropriate staff and establishing a 
headquarters. Subsection (b) authorizes the Secretary to detail 
personnel to any country that is a member of the Convening 
Group of the Community of Democracies. This provision is 
intended to allow the United States Government to increase the 
capacity of any member of the Convening Group that is involved 
in organizing or participating in the ministerial. The 
Committee encourages the Department to detail personnel to the 
Government of Mali to help facilitate the next ministerial 
scheduled for Bamako, Mali in 2007. Subsection (c) expresses 
the sense of Congress that regional groups within the Community 
of Democracies should be strengthened. Subsection (d) urges the 
President to assist Hungary and other European countries to 
establish a Democracy Transition Center, including providing 
grants or voluntary contributions to develop, adopt, and pursue 
programs and campaigns to promote the peaceful transition to 
democracy in non-democratic countries. It also authorizes 
$3,000,000 over 3 fiscal years toward the assessment of the 
United States for the establishment of the Democracy Transition 
Center.

             SUBTITLE C--FUNDING FOR PROMOTION OF DEMOCRACY

    Subtitle C authorizes appropriations to nongovernmental 
organizations and individuals working to transition 
nondemocratic countries to democracy.
Section 641. Policy.
    This section makes it the policy of the United States to 
provide financial assistance to qualified nongovernmental 
organizations and individuals for the purpose of promoting 
democracy in countries categorized as nondemocratic in the most 
recent Annual Report on Democracy.
Section 642. Human Rights and Democracy Fund.
    This section states the purpose of the Human Rights and 
Democracy Fund (HRDF), established pursuant to the Freedom 
Investment Act of 2002, and provides critical support for 
unique projects that promote democracy and human rights in 
foreign countries of strategic significance to the United 
States. Subsection (a) expands and enhances the purposes for 
which funds appropriated to the HRDF can be used. In the 
Committee's view, the HRDF can be a wide-ranging and 
influential tool for promoting democracy that can provide 
innovative approaches that can be picked up by mainstream 
assistance programs. The Committee believes that the purposes 
enumerated in the Freedom Investment Act of 2002 and this act 
are illustrative, and other uses could include: 1) publication 
and distribution of books, creation and distribution of media 
(including unbiased news programming), and educational 
programming about successful democratic movements; 2) 
translation of relevant programming into the languages spoken 
in nondemocratic countries; 3) promotion of pluralism within 
nondemocratic countries, including education programs for 
leaders and members of democratic movements; 4) the promotion 
of the rule-of-law and the protection of minorities; 5) the 
creation of educational programs on non-violent change for 
leaders and members of democratic movements; 6) creation of 
programs for student groups to work with citizens of 
nondemocratic countries to promote a transition to democracy; 
7) production and distribution of materials promoting and 
celebrating democracy, and the equipment needed to produce such 
materials; 8) cultural exchanges between citizens of 
nondemocratic countries and the United States; 9) creation of 
projects to strengthen the parliaments and parliamentary staff 
in partly democratic countries; 10) creation of programs to 
ensure transparency and accountability for government revenues 
and expenditures; 11) creation of training programs for 
citizens of such countries concerning international legal 
obligations to support democracy and human rights; and 12) 
other activities relevant to promoting democracy.
    Subsection (b) provides amendments to the Freedom 
Investment Act of 2002 creating the Human Rights and Democracy 
Fund to add as a purpose of that fund the support of the study 
of democracy, including support for debates and discussions at 
academic institutions regarding the values and benefits of 
democracy. Subsection (c) authorizes funds from the Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund to be made to qualified 
nongovernmental organizations and individuals in foreign 
countries notwithstanding any other provision of law. 
Subsection (d) requires the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor to submit at the end of each 
fiscal year to the appropriate Congressional Committees an 
annual report on the status of the Human Rights and Democracy 
Fund, which includes: An identification of each organization or 
individual receiving assistance; a summary of the activities of 
each recipient; an account of projects funded and outside 
contributions received; and a balance sheet of income and 
outlays. Subsection (e) authorizes appropriations to the Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund of $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 
and $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.

                    SUBTITLE D--PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONS

    This part of Title VI authorizes the President to take 
significant actions against countries designated as 
nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report on Democracy.
Section 651. Investigation of Violations of International Humanitarian 
        Law.
    This section requires the President to collect information 
regarding incidents that may constitute crimes against humanity 
and report annually to the appropriate Congressional Committees 
any information collected. It requires that the President 
consider what actions he can take to hold such individuals 
accountable.
Section 652. Presidential Communications.
    Subsection (a) contains congressional findings that direct 
communications from the President to citizens in nondemocratic 
countries are extremely beneficial in demonstrating that the 
United States supports such citizens. Subsection (b) expresses 
the sense of Congress that, from time to time, the President 
should broadcast a message to the citizens of countries 
categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report 
on Democracy, to express the support of the United States for 
citizens promoting democracy and to encourage leaders from 
other democratic countries to do the same.

TITLE VII. STRATEGIC EXPORT CONTROL AND SECURITY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2005

                     SUBTITLE A--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 701. Short Title.
    This section provides that Title VII may be cited as the 
``Strategic Export Control and Security Assistance Act of 
2005.''
Section 702. Definitions.
    This section sets forth certain definitions of terms 
commonly used throughout Title VII, terms which are generally 
well-established in the Arms Export Control Act, the Export 
Administration Act or the regulations implementing these 
respective statutes (i.e., the Department of State's 
International Traffic in Arms Regulations or the Department of 
Commerce's Export Administration Regulations).
Section 703. Declaration of Policy.
    This section sets forth several policy goals with respect 
to United States strategic export controls: The need for a 
comprehensive review of the United States strategic export 
controls (i.e., arms and dual-use) to ensure they are properly 
updated and oriented toward the global war on terrorism and 
other threats to United States security; the need for reliable 
and efficient service to the United States business community 
in support of its legitimate exports to United States friends 
and allies; and the need to resolve overlapping and duplicative 
functions among the responsible agencies, such that they are 
properly integrated with one another or consolidated, where 
appropriate.

    SUBTITLE B--REVISING AND STRENGTHENING STRATEGIC EXPORT CONTROL 
                                POLICIES

Section 711. Amendments to the State Department Basic Authorities Act 
        of 1956.
    This section amends Section 1(b)(2) of the State Department 
Basic Authorities Act of 1956 in three ways. The first is to 
specify certain responsibilities of the Under Secretary for 
Arms Control and International Security related to coordinating 
United States strategic export control policy and chairing the 
inter-agency Strategic Export Control Board which would be 
established under section 712 of this subtitle. Second, a 
position of Deputy Under Secretary for Strategic Export Control 
would be established in order to assist the Under Secretary (a 
position which is already heavily burdened with substantial 
national security responsibilities) in the more vigorous policy 
development and execution of strategic export control policy 
envisaged in this subtitle. A Deputy Under Secretary position 
will also help ensure that arms and dual-use export control 
policies and procedures are properly integrated with United 
States nonproliferation and counterterrorism policy, and that 
the Department of State has the necessary senior positions on a 
par with the Department of Defense (which already has a Deputy 
Under Secretary position essentially dedicated to export 
control matters) and the Department of Commerce (which has long 
had Under Secretary and Deputy Under Secretary positions 
dedicated to export control). Third, the use of defense trade 
registration fees would be authorized to offset costs 
associated with the work of the Strategic Export Control Board.
Section 712. Strategic Export Control Board.
    This section establishes a Strategic Export Control Board 
under the chairmanship of the Department of State's Under 
Secretary for Arms Control and International Security. The 
Board would be comprised of representatives of other 
Departments having export control policy or licensing 
responsibilities (such as Defense and Commerce) or related 
duties and jurisdiction for enforcement matters (such as the 
intelligence community, and the Departments of Justice and 
Homeland Security). Other agencies would also participate, as 
deemed appropriate.
    Following considerable review of various export control 
issues in the 108th Congress, and in the wake of two highly 
critical reports by the Government Accountability Office, the 
Committee is concerned that the United States Government system 
for strategic export controls is, in fact, no longer a 
``system'' in the sense of various components integrated and 
interacting with one another harmoniously for a common purpose. 
The Committee is persuaded that the policy declarations set 
forth in section 703, along with a senior level re-examination, 
rationalization and, where appropriate, reordering of the 
programs and priorities which comprise this system--several of 
which are noted in section 712(b)--now need to move front and 
center in the Executive Branch's approach to strategic export 
control policy development and execution. The Committee is 
seeking to establish, at an early date, a high degree of 
confidence that important United States interests with respect 
to sensitive exports are being safeguarded in the global war on 
terrorism and that this area of national security policy is 
being thoughtfully and fully integrated into United States 
counterterrorism and nonproliferation policy.
    Comprehensive Review of Threats. The Committee believes 
there needs to be a top-to-bottom review of current and future 
threats to the security of U.S. weapons and related technology 
that are sold or transferred to foreign persons. The Chairman 
and Ranking Member of the Committee have repeatedly raised 
doubts about the wisdom of policies and initiatives to relax 
controls over these items. These policies were put in place 
before 9/11. Many of these concerns were detailed in the 
Committee's May 1, 2004, report, ``U.S. Weapons Technology at 
Risk: The State Department's Proposal to Relax Arms Export 
Controls to Other Countries.'' The Committee remains extremely 
dubious of State Department proposals to exempt many terrorist 
weapons of choice, such as shoulder-fired missiles and military 
explosives, from U.S. Government export license requirements. 
The Committee is similarly concerned with State Department 
proposals to decontrol certain military aircraft and the supply 
of parts for those aircraft, particularly in light of strong 
objections from United States law enforcement agencies, as 
documented in GAO's report, ``Arms Export Control System in the 
Post-9/11 Environment'' (February 16, 2005, GAO-05-234). The 
Committee believes such proposals will only impair the U.S. 
Government's ability to respond to current and future threats 
to United States national security. In this respect, the 
Committee has also noted the report of the National 
Intelligence Council's 2020 Project, ``Mapping the Global 
Future,'' December 2004, which foresees, in part, the 
possibility that the terrorist threat will become increasingly 
decentralized whereby training materials, targeting guidance, 
and weapons knowledge will increasingly become virtual or 
online; most terrorist attacks will continue to primarily 
employ conventional weapons; terrorists will likely move up the 
technology ladder to employ advanced explosives and unmanned 
aerial vehicles; terrorist use of biological agents is likely, 
and the range of options will grow; and terrorists will try to 
acquire and develop the capabilities to conduct cyber attacks 
for the purpose of causing physical damage to computer systems 
that control critical industrial processes. The Committee has 
noted additionally that, in contrast to virtually every other 
area of the Executive Branch concerned with national security 
policy--intelligence reform, nonproliferation policy, 
consolidation of homeland security functions, transformation of 
the armed forces, etc.--there has not been any significant 
change to United States strategic export control policies and 
programs since 9/11. At the request of the Chairman of the 
Committee, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) conducted 
an extensive analysis of the status of the State-administered 
arms export control system since 9/11. GAO concluded that: (1) 
the Department of State has not made significant changes to the 
arms export control system since the terrorist attacks of 
September 2001, based on a view--unsubstantiated by any prior 
examination by the State Department--that such changes are not 
needed; and (2) the Department of State's view is not based on 
any systematic assessment of the effectiveness of controls. 
(``Arms Export Control Vulnerabilities and Inefficiencies in 
the Post-9/11 Security Environment,'' April 7, 2005, GAO-05-
468R).
    Resolving Vulnerabilities. While the Department of State 
has not conducted any systematic assessment of its controls, 
GAO has, documenting numerous vulnerabilities, risks and 
inefficiencies. GAO's findings on this matter are summarized in 
a second report to the Chairman of the Committee, dated April 
7, 2005, ``Arms Export Control Vulnerabilities and 
Inefficiencies in the Post-9/11 Security Environment'' (GAO-05-
468R). The Committee is concerned that the scale of 
vulnerabilities identified by GAO appears to implicate numerous 
critical areas of United States strategic export controls, 
including: (a) a lack of clear jurisdiction, transparency and 
improper decisions regarding jurisdiction in sensitive areas, 
such as missile and night vision technology, creating risks 
that weapons technology may be exported without United States 
Government review and control; (b) weaknesses in the Executive 
Branch's ability to confirm receipt and proper use of weapons 
exported through the Foreign Military Sales program (``Actions 
Needed to Provide Better Control over Exported Defense 
Articles'' GAO 03-599), a June 2003 report to the Chairman of 
the Committee which has not been made publicly available due to 
Executive Branch concerns that its disclosure could adversely 
affect U.S. national security interests; (c) continued emphasis 
on license exemptions and other streamlining measures, although 
unlicensed exports are more easily diverted to unlawful use, 
complicate investigations, hamper prosecutions and, for these 
reasons, are generally opposed by United States law enforcement 
officials; and (d) failure of the pre-9/11 streamlining 
initiatives on their own terms to result in any process 
improvements, as reflected in (1) substantial rises in 
processing times for legitimate exports since 2003; and (2) 
unacceptable delays in processing urgent exports in support of 
United States-led coalition operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    U.S. Military Technological Superiority. The Committee 
notes that the first duty of the United States system for 
strategic export controls is to ensure the current and future 
military superiority of United States Armed Forces. The 
Committee is concerned with the potential implications of 
various findings of GAO indicating that consistent standards 
and safeguards are not comprehensively applied with respect to 
technology critical to United States military superiority, such 
as night vision, missiles, low observable/counter low 
observable and other technologies. The Committee believes the 
Board must establish a high level of confidence in the 
procedures and safeguards related to export of such technology, 
as identified by the Secretary of Defense. The Committee also 
believes the United States should develop an aggressive 
strategy for the use of new and emerging technologies, such as 
tamper-resistant security software, anti-tamper technologies 
for hardware, and new ``tagging'' and monitoring technologies 
that can help provide increased confidence relative to advanced 
weapons technologies.
    Information Assurance Standards. The Committee is concerned 
that the responsible agencies have not provided the necessary 
guidance to United States defense firms or to United States 
friends and allies concerning an adequate level of protection 
for Internet-based networks, such as virtual private networks, 
which are increasingly utilized as the medium for a wide range 
of technical interactions between U.S. defense firms and their 
foreign partners, including for the transfer of design 
information about future U.S. weapons systems still in 
development. The Committee notes GAO's findings of numerous 
violations associated with at least one major U.S. R&D; program, 
including violations related to potentially very sensitive 
areas, such as Low Observable/Counter Low Observable technology 
(GAO-05-234).
    Delivery Verification and Confirmation. The Committee is 
concerned that the maintenance by the Departments of State, 
Defense and Commerce of separate, uncoordinated end-use 
monitoring programs, which only cover a small fraction of all 
weapons and related technology exported from the United States 
each year, are not taking full advantage of technological 
advances which many private carriers and the United States 
Postal Service have established to provide worldwide delivery 
confirmation of their shipments, in most instances, within 48 
hours. The Committee believes the Board should explore a 
partnership with private industry and with United States 
friends and allies to establish a global Internet-based system 
for sensitive trade that could enhance confidence for the 
majority of shipments and help deter and detect attempts to 
divert sensitive shipments to unauthorized persons and 
countries.
    Standards of Service for United States Business. The 
Committee agrees with the view expressed by the Committee on 
Appropriations in House Report 109-118 concerning the Science, 
State, Justice, Commerce and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Bill, Fiscal Year 2006, that American industry is being 
hampered in the international marketplace by the lack of a 
clear-cut, well-understood and responsive export control 
policy. Moreover, the Committee is concerned that the United 
States cannot sustain the necessary commitments and support 
from United States business organizations for a stringent 
system of export controls over weapons and related technology 
if their interests in helping to meet the defense needs of 
United States friends and allies are harmed through protracted 
delays in approving licenses for legitimate exports. In this 
respect, the Committee is particularly troubled by the steady 
and inexplicable rise in license processing times for the 
majority of cases at the Department of State since 2003, as 
documented extensively by GAO (GAO-05-234). The Committee is 
also concerned that this development can only undermine the 
United States' interest in persuading other countries to 
strengthen their controls over weapons and related technology 
and in enhancing the international system of multilateral 
export controls more generally.
    The Committee commends the Department of Defense for the 
significant improvements it has made in reducing license review 
times in recent years, as documented by GAO, and notes that the 
overall 30-day goal established in section 712(b)(6) would 
already be within the Executive Branch's grasp had the State 
Department's overall processing times not deteriorated since 
2003.
    Organizational & Mission Responsibilities. The Committee 
notes that the basic organization for strategic export controls 
has not changed materially since the 1930s (in the case of arms 
export controls) and the 1950s (in the case of dual-use 
controls) when the United States faced different threats. The 
Committee takes no position at this time on whether this 
structure may also be the right one for the future. But, the 
Committee has noted numerous worrisome trends identified by GAO 
that raise serious questions about whether the Executive Branch 
system for strategic export controls is, in fact, a ``system'' 
in the commonly understood sense of various components 
integrated and interacting with one another harmoniously for a 
common purpose, and whether the current system is the one most 
capable of assuring United States security interests in the 
global war on terrorism.
    Budget and Staffing Anomalies. The Committee notes GAO's 
findings that the Department of Commerce's FY 2003 export 
control budget at $66 million is nearly two and one-half times 
the size of that of the Department of Defense ($27 million) and 
nearly five times that of the Department of State ($14 
million), while the licensing workloads for the three agencies 
are arrayed in exactly the opposite order: State (54,700), 
Defense (29,700), Commerce (12,500). The President's budget 
seeks an additional $10 million for the export control budget 
at the Department of Commerce in FY 2006. Similarly, the number 
of full-time export control employees for the three agencies 
appears equally disproportionate: Commerce (367); Defense 
(163); State (65).
    Enforcement Anomalies. The Committee also notes that the 
Department of Commerce maintains a separate enforcement bureau 
comprised of approximately 100 special agents, though the 
Department of Homeland Security (formerly U.S. Customs Service) 
also has jurisdiction for dual-use violations. The Department 
of State has no cadre of criminal investigators for export 
control violations, but relies on the Department of Homeland 
Security for criminal investigations. There are currently no 
criminal or civil enforcement mechanisms for violations 
involving various forms of security assistance administered by 
the Department of Defense (other than for violations regarding 
classified information), which historically centered on 
activities carried out by officers and employees of 
governments, but which in recent years are increasingly carried 
out by private companies.
    Integrated Computer Networks. Real-time access and sharing 
of information by the three main agencies with each other and 
with United States law enforcement and intelligence agencies 
via secure computer networks is poor in some areas and non-
existent in others. The Committee is concerned that even the 
minimal standards established in section 1403 of Public Law 
107-228 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003) 
for secure electronic inter-agency communications remain unmet 
and is troubled by the Department of State's disregard of the 
$4,000,000 funding authorization in the same act for database 
automation, as documented by GAO (See GAO-05-234), even while 
the Department's computer modernization plans for defense trade 
have struggled to meet private industry expectations.
    Section 712(c) would require the Comptroller General to 
monitor the functions of the Board in the preceding areas and 
others within its mandate, and to provide independent 
assessments to Congress on the progress the Board is making in 
these matters. The Committee would also expect to stay closely 
involved directly with the Under Secretary, the Deputy Under 
Secretary and other members of the Board through periodic 
hearings and briefings over the next several years.
Section 713. Authorization for Additional License and Compliance 
        Officers.
    This section provides that up to $13 million shall be 
available for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for 
salaries and expenses related to the assignment of additional 
full-time license and compliance officers in the Department of 
State's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, provided that 
none of the funds authorized may be made available until 15 
days after the submission of a written report to the Committee 
under section 634A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act detailing 
the Department's plans and timetable for measurable 
improvements in the quality and timeliness of the service it 
provides in support of United States Armed Forces abroad and 
routine exports by the U.S. business community, as well as 
enhanced compliance measures governing arms exports that are 
appropriate to the global war on terrorism. The Committee is 
requiring submission of a report under section 634A(a) in light 
of the findings of the Government Accountability Office (GAO-
05-234) that additional resources authorized by section 1401 of 
Public Law 107-228 were not dedicated to licensing officer 
functions as intended by that authorization. The Committee has 
noted that the Department of State recently increased its 
schedule of fees for registration, which it is permitted to 
retain under the State Department Basic Authorities Act to 
offset the costs related to certain authorized activities, such 
as computer modernization and other automation needs and 
contract support. This section, however, concerns the critical 
mission functions of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls 
carried out by munitions license and compliance officers which 
should continue to be supported from appropriated funds.

           SUBTITLE C--PROCEDURES RELATING TO EXPORT LICENSES

Section 721. Transparency of Jurisdictional Determinations.
    This section requires the Departments of State and Commerce 
to publish the results of their determinations concerning 
export jurisdiction in the Federal Register and on their 
Internet Web sites. The information to be published would 
include a description of the item and whether it is included 
within the coverage of the United States Munitions List 
administered by the Department of State (and, if so, under 
which category) or, alternatively, whether the item is on the 
Commerce Control List (and, if so, under which export control 
classification number) or is otherwise subject to the Export 
Administration Regulations. Other information that may be 
appropriately protected from public disclosure on business 
confidentiality grounds (e.g., the name of the person making 
the request, customers, prices, contract values and the like) 
is not required to be disclosed. The Committee is concerned 
with the complete lack of transparency to the Congress and to 
the United States business community surrounding several 
hundred jurisdictional determinations made each year by the 
Department of State and several thousand such determinations 
made by the Department of Commerce each year. The Committee 
believes that the effectiveness of U.S. export controls is 
dependent, in the first instance, on knowledge by the exporting 
community of which items are controlled on which lists, and 
which are not controlled on either list.
Section 722. Certifications Relating to Export of Certain Defense 
        Articles and Defense Services.
    This section amends section 36(c) of the Arms Export 
Control Act to establish a procedure for the notification to 
Congress of so-called comprehensive export licenses, a 
relatively new licensing vehicle established by the previous 
administration in May 2000. Section 36 does not currently 
provide a basis for congressional oversight of this new form of 
license, which will provide the legal basis for exports 
involving very sensitive weapons technology, such as the Joint 
Strike Fighter (JSF) program. Recognizing the necessity of 
assuring that Congress' oversight role in this area is firmly 
established in law, the Department of State has also proposed 
an amendment to section 36, but recommends making the provision 
applicable to subsection (d) of that section. However, the 
Committee notes that section 36(d) concerns the manufacture 
abroad of significant military equipment, a matter that the 
Department previously informed Congress would not be within the 
scope of a comprehensive license for the JSF program. 
Similarly, section 27(g) of the act relating to notification of 
cooperative research and development agreements with other 
countries by the Department of Defense, such as the JSF 
program, provides ``notwithstanding'' authority with respect to 
the notification of associated export licenses under section 
36(c), and not under section 36(d). For these reasons, the 
Committee believes the amendatory language is more 
appropriately directed to section 36(c).
Section 723. Priority for United States Military Operations.
    This section directs the Department of State not to give 
preferential treatment in the processing of export licenses to 
licenses involving any defense trade ``reform'' initiatives 
over (e.g., ahead of) licenses needed for United States Armed 
Forces and allied forces participating in United States-led 
coalition operations. The extensive data analysis performed by 
the Government Accountability Office during its review of the 
Department of State's arms export control system documented: 
(1) protracted processing times for licenses urgently needed in 
support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring 
Freedom; and (2) equivalent or, in some instances, faster 
processing times for relatively routine cases, such as certain 
``reform'' initiatives related to the Defense Trade Security 
Initiative (DTSI) of May 2000 concerning transatlantic defense 
industrial cooperation. For example, in a letter to the 
Chairman of the Committee dated June 8, 2005, GAO has reported 
median processing times during fiscal year 2003 of 6 days and 7 
days for exports to France and Germany, respectively, of 21 
licenses involving the so-called defense capabilities 
initiatives (one of the DTSI initiatives), while 15 licenses 
for exports to Canada in support of Operation Enduring Freedom 
in same time period had a median processing time of 17 days, or 
more than twice as long. Similarly, in a June 13, 2005 letter 
to the Chairman of the Committee, GAO identified export 
licenses for various shipments involving direct support to U.S. 
and allied armed forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, and other 
allied government recipients, such as the Coalition Provisional 
Authority, which generally required several weeks to process 
and, in some cases, even longer.
Section 724. License Officer Staffing and Workload.
    This section requires the Department of State to include, 
in the quarterly report prepared for Congress under section 
36(a), information on the number of officers assigned to 
munitions export licensing and their workloads, permitting the 
Committee to monitor more closely implementation of relevant 
provisions in the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228). The Committee is concerned that 
the Department of State's processing times for munitions 
exports have deteriorated steadily over the past 2 years, while 
relevant provisions of that act intended to prevent such a 
development remain unimplemented nearly 3 years after 
enactment.
Section 725. Database of United States Military Assistance.
    This section amends section 655 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act to require that the information on the quantities, types 
and value of United States Munitions List items transferred or 
licensed for export abroad by the United States for each 
foreign country, which are already available through the 
Internet from the Web sites of the Departments of State and 
Defense, should henceforth also be maintained in a database 
format that can be searched and queried by the general public.
Section 726. Training and Liaison for Small Businesses.
    This section requires the Department of State office 
responsible for processing munitions export licenses to 
designate a coordinator for small business affairs in order to 
assist those small United States defense firms, which typically 
lack the legal and representational capabilities in Washington, 
DC of larger firms, in the intricacies of the State 
Department's export license and registration procedures.
Section 727. Commercial Communications Satellite Technical Data.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to establish 
an exemption from export licensing in the International Traffic 
in Arms Regulations for certain technical data related to 
foreign sales marketing by United States persons of commercial 
communications satellites under certain conditions and on the 
basis of technical parameters for the exempted data to be 
established by the Secretary of Defense. The Committee has 
noted the State Department's proposal to establish such an 
exemption on the basis of requirements that would generally be 
determined by the foreign purchaser. The Committee favors 
flexibility in the licensing process in order to help ensure 
the competitiveness of United States satellite manufacturers, 
but believes that the responsibility for establishing technical 
requirements appropriately lies with the Secretary of Defense. 
The Committee would expect the Department of Defense to consult 
closely with interested United States firms in fashioning the 
technical parameters for such an exemption.
Section 728. Reporting Requirement for Unlicensed Exports.
    This section amends section 655 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act to require the inclusion of information and greater 
transparency to Congress concerning the volume and types of 
defense articles being exported without a license. The 
Committee has noted the growing emphasis by the Department of 
State in recent years in the context of its export control 
reform agenda on the use of exemptions from export license 
requirements and is concerned that data about such unlicensed 
exports of weapons technology be reported to Congress, along 
with data for licensed exports already reported under section 
655.

    SUBTITLE D--TERRORIST-RELATED PROVISIONS AND ENFORCEMENT MATTERS

Section 731. Sensitive Technology Transfers to Foreign Persons Located 
        Within the United States.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to provide an 
annual report to Congress, in consultation with the Attorney 
General and the Secretary of Homeland Security, on certain 
sensitive items warranting scrutiny through the license 
procedure before a transfer to a foreign person may take place 
in the United States in order to deter illegal acquisition 
efforts by foreign persons for terrorist or other unlawful 
purposes. Henceforth, the President would require a license for 
any United States Munitions List items specified in that report 
under longstanding authority provided in section 38(g)(6) of 
the Arms Export Control Act. The State Department's current 
list of such items requiring a license under section 38(g)(6) 
covers only naval vessels, aircraft, satellites and technical 
data, and has not been revised since 9/11 to include 
consideration of whether this requirement should be expanded to 
include defense articles presenting particular threats in the 
war on terrorism, such as shoulder-fired missiles, military 
explosives, biological weapons and other dangerous items. 
Similarly, the President would be authorized (but not required) 
to impose a license requirement in the case of any sensitive 
dual-use items so specified. During the 108th Congress, the 
House agreed to a nearly identical provision applicable to the 
Department of State in section 1102 of H.R. 1950 (Foreign 
Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2004 and 2005), which 
was passed by a recorded vote (382-42) on July 16, 2003, but 
not enacted.
Section 732. Certification Concerning Exempt Weapons Transfers Along 
        the Northern Border of the United States.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to submit a 
written report, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, within 6 months of enactment of this act, and 
annually thereafter, in which two certifications are required: 
(1) that there is no national security risk arising from an 
exemption in the International Traffic in Arms Regulations 
(ITAR) permitting any foreign person to bring any unclassified 
weapons temporarily into the United States from Canada without 
prior United States Government review and approval through a 
State Department temporary import license; and (2) that the 
Department of State is providing the guidance necessary for 
Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Protection 
personnel to detect and enforce unlawful use of a license 
exemption permitting unlicensed weapons exports to Canada.
    Temporary Imports of Weapons Technology. The Department of 
State has responsibility for controlling the temporary import 
of any item on the United States Munitions List. The Committee 
is concerned that the Department of State's regulations (i.e., 
the ITAR at section 126.5(a) (22 CFR Sec. 126.5(a)) provide an 
unqualified exemption for any foreign person to import 
temporarily into the United States from Canada any unclassified 
weapons system, munitions or other military system or 
equipment. It is estimated that upward of 99 percent of all 
weapons controlled under ITAR are unclassified. The Committee 
has noted that, following the arrest of Ahmed Ressam (the so-
called ``millennium bomber'') who entered the United States 
from Canada with a carload of explosives destined for targets 
in Los Angeles, the Department of State published an amendment 
to the ITAR effective May 30, 2001, (66 FR 10575) affecting 
permanent and temporary exports to Canada, but left unchanged 
those provisions in the regulations permitting unlicensed 
temporary weapons imports from Canada and they continue 
unchanged to the present day. The Chairman of the Committee 
drew attention to this matter on April 7, 2005, in a statement 
accompanying public release of GAO's report detailing 
weaknesses in United States weapons control policy since 9/11. 
The Committee expects the Secretary of State to consult with 
the Secretary of Homeland Security expeditiously in order to 
restrict use of the unlicensed temporary import exemption to 
those agencies of the Canadian Government, their authorized 
representatives and other persons having bona fide requirements 
in this area, and to restrict additionally the categories of 
weapons eligible for such license-free temporary import by 
excluding those presenting a particular threat to the national 
security interests of the United States, such as shoulder-fired 
missile systems and weapons of mass destruction.
    Permanent and Temporary Exports of Weapons Technology. The 
House Committee on International Relations noted in the 
Committee's report of May 1, 2004, ``U.S. Weapons Technology at 
Risk: The State Department's Proposal to Relax Arms Export 
Controls to Other Countries'' that the exemption from license 
requirements for weapons transfers to Canada had spawned the 
establishment in that country during the 1990s of illegal arms 
acquisition networks by a ``who's who'' of rogue governments. 
In response to this development, the Department of State 
implemented a revised exemption procedure with Canadian 
authorities, effective May 30, 2001 (66 FR 10575). GAO 
conducted an assessment shortly thereafter (``Lessons to be 
Learned from the Country Export Exemption,'' March 29, 2002, 
GAO-02-63) and found that the State Department had provided 
inconsistent answers to exporters and U.S. Customs Service 
officials when questions were raised about the revised 
exemption's use. GAO recommended that State provide guidance to 
U.S. Customs to ensure proper enforcement of the exemption 
along the northern border and to work with the Justice 
Department and U.S. Customs to assess lessons learned from past 
diversions of U.S. weapons technology through unlawful use of 
the exemption. However, GAO recently informed the Chairman of 
the Committee that, more than 3 years later, the State 
Department has not implemented these recommendations. GAO also 
pointed out in a related report (GAO-05-234), that there are 
currently fewer Customs and Border Patrol Personnel available 
for inspection of ``outbound'' shipments of weapons technology 
than there are ports of exit in the United States, due in part 
to the increased emphasis since 9/11 that the Department of 
Homeland Security has properly accorded to preventing illegal 
shipments into the United States. Therefore, the long awaited 
guidance from State on the Canadian exemption procedures has 
become even more urgent. The Committee expects the Secretary of 
State to provide the necessary guidance to the Secretary of 
Homeland Security on an urgent basis, and to ensure that this 
guidance is kept up-to-date.
Section 733. Comprehensive Nature of United States Arms Embargoes.
    This section amends Section 38 of the Arms Export Control 
Act to require that United States Munitions List items under 
the State Department's jurisdiction and dual-use goods and 
technology subject to the Commerce Department's jurisdiction 
under the Export Administration Regulations may only be 
transferred to the military, intelligence or other security 
forces of a country to which the United States prohibits arms 
sales through issuance of an export license in which the 
Secretaries of Defense and State concur. A report to Congress 
on implementing actions would also be required within 120 days 
of enactment. Section 1105 of H.R. 1950 (agreed to by the House 
during the 108th Congress) contained a nearly identical 
provision. Currently, the United States prohibits arms sales to 
Afghanistan (except for governmental authorities), Belarus, 
Burma (Myanmar), China, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus (except for 
U.N. forces and civilian end use), Democratic Republic of Congo 
(except for certain governmental authorities), Haiti (except 
for certain governmental authorities), Indonesia (except for 
``non-lethal'' items), Iran, Iraq (except for certain 
governmental authorities and private security), Liberia, Libya, 
North Korea, Rwanda (except for governmental authorities), 
Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Vietnam, Yemen (except for ``non-
lethal'' items) and Zimbabwe.
Section 734. Control of Items on Missile Technology Control Regime 
        Annex.
    This section requires an annual certification by the 
Secretary of State to ensure that United States missile 
technology export controls are clearly established and kept up-
to-date. A GAO report of October 9, 2001 (GAO-02-120) 
documented ambiguous export control jurisdiction affecting a 
large portion (25 percent) of all missile-related items 
controlled on the Missile Technology Control Regime (``MTCR'') 
and the continued absence of license requirements for many MTCR 
dual-use items when exported to Canada. The Department of 
Commerce subsequently published a regulation to clarify its 
jurisdiction over certain MTCR items, while a longer term 
solution for all missile technology was to emerge in the 
context of an ongoing review of the United States Munitions 
List. More than 4 years later, no such solution has emerged and 
it appears that the primary focus of the Department of State's 
Munitions List review during this period has not been missile 
technology, but on pruning the Munitions List in other areas. 
Similarly, Commerce has yet to impose a license requirement on 
MTCR exports to Canada and, instead, has recently published a 
second notice in the past 4 years of its intention to do so. 
During the 108th Congress the House agreed to a nearly 
identical version of this provision in section 1201 of H.R. 
1950 supra.
Section 735. Unlawful Use of United States Defense Articles.
    This section amends section 3 of the Arms Export Control 
Act in two ways: (1) any unauthorized use of a United States 
defense article by a foreign person to conduct a transaction 
with a country designated as a state sponsor of international 
terrorism would necessitate a report to Congress; and (2) the 
requirement for a report to Congress on unauthorized re-
transfers by foreign persons of United States defense articles 
would be expanded to include articles licensed under section 38 
of the act (in addition to those sold by the U.S. Government 
under chapter 2 of the act). Section 1101 of H.R. 1950 agreed 
to by the House during the 108th Congress, contained a nearly 
identical provision.

  SUBTITLE E--STRENGTHENING UNITED STATES MISSILE NONPROLIFERATION LAW

Section 741. Probationary Period for Foreign Persons.
    This section requires that any foreign person, entity or 
government that has been sanctioned under U.S. law for missile 
transfer violations, after the period of formal sanctions 
expire, will be subject to a probationary period of special 
monitoring for granting dual-use licenses to that foreign 
person, entity or government for a period of 3 years, unless 
the President informs Congress that the person, entity or 
government has verifiably ceased all such activity and 
instituted a program of transparency to verify that fact. This 
is necessary to increase the costs of engaging in missile 
trade. When the existing 2-year sanctions expire, the foreign 
person is again eligible for U.S. contracts without any need to 
demonstrate changed behavior. Placing such formerly-sanctioned 
persons on a ``Watch List'' (the Entity List of the EAR), as 
well as increasing the duration of formal sanctions, places 
foreign persons and governments on notice that there is a 
continuing cost to missile trade through increased scrutiny of 
U.S. exports, as well as the continuing stigma of having 
trafficked in ballistic missiles.
Section 742. Strengthening United States Missile Proliferation 
        Sanctions on Foreign Persons.
    This section increases the period of U.S. missile sanctions 
from 2 to 4 years.
Section 743. Comprehensive United States Missile Proliferation 
        Sanctions on All Responsible Foreign Persons.
    This section expands the applicability of U.S. missile 
sanctions to all responsible foreign persons, including 
responsible governmental entities. This comprehensiveness is 
necessary to deter governments from using shell or ``cut-out'' 
companies to engage in the actual trade and transfer of 
missiles while avoid becoming vulnerable to U.S. sanctions.

         SUBTITLE F--SECURITY ASSISTANCE AND RELATED PROVISIONS

Section 751. Authority to Transfer Naval Vessels to Certain Foreign 
        Countries.
    This section authorizes the transfer of eight 
decommissioned United States naval vessels to other countries: 
Five by grant (Greece, Egypt (two), Pakistan, and Turkey); and 
three by sale (India, Greece, and Turkey). The Congress 
previously authorized the transfer of two of these vessels, the 
O'BANNON (DD 987) and the FLETCHER (DD 992), to Chile under 
section 1014 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375). 
However, the arrangements concerning those transfers to Chile 
did not come to fruition.
Section 752. Transfer of Obsolete and Surplus Items from Korean War 
        Reserves Stockpiles and Removal or Disposal of Remaining Items.
    This section provides a 5-year authorization for the 
Secretary of Defense to transfer to the Republic of Korea 
certain obsolete or surplus items in the inventory of the 
Department of Defense on the basis of negotiated concessions 
and advance notification to the Committee describing the items 
to be transferred and the concessions that have been 
negotiated.
Section 753. Extension of Pakistan Waivers.
    This section extends through fiscal year 2007 the 
President's authority to exercise waivers of foreign assistance 
restrictions regarding Pakistan. An act to authorize the 
President to exercise waivers of foreign assistance 
restrictions with respect to Pakistan was approved October 27, 
2001 (Public Law 107-57) and covered the period through 
September 30, 2003. Section 2213 of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense and for the Reconstruction of 
Iraq and Afghanistan, 2004 (Public Law 108-106) amended Public 
Law 107-57 to authorize such waivers through fiscal year 2004. 
Section 7103 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458) further amended 
Public Law 107-57 to extend the President's waiver authority to 
fiscal years 2005 and 2006.
Section 754. Reporting Requirement for Foreign Military Training.
    This section changes the date for submission of the annual 
military training report to Congress required by section 656 of 
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 from January 31 to March 1 
in order to conform the deadline for this reporting requirement 
to a related report on foreign military training required under 
section 564 of the Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export 
Financing, and Related Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 
107-115).
Section 755. Certain Services Provided by the United States in 
        Connection with Foreign Military Sales.
    This section amends section 21 of the Arms Export Control 
Act to add Australia, New Zealand, Japan and Israel to the 
countries eligible to receive quality assurance and cataloging 
services on a reciprocal basis, without charge. Under existing 
law such services are limited to the member states of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Section 756. Maritime Interdiction Patrol Boats for Mozambique.
    This section authorizes $1 million from amounts 
appropriated in fiscal year 2006 to provide the Government of 
Mozambique with four excess coastal patrol boats. These boats 
are to be used for patrol and interdiction purposes and to help 
prevent the transshipment of drugs into Mozambique. The 
authorized funds may also be used for the refurbishment, 
training and related costs associated with the boats.
Section 757. Reimbursement for International Military Education and 
        Training.
    This section amends section 541 of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 to provide, in the case of countries such as Israel 
using United States Foreign Military Financing to purchase 
United States military education and training at rates which 
are comparable to the rates assessed countries receiving 
International Military Education Training grant assistance.

            TITLE VIII--NUCLEAR BLACK MARKET ELIMINATION ACT

    The revelation in 2004 of a widespread nuclear black market 
network exposed a major breach in the global nuclear 
nonproliferation regime. Over the past decade, members of this 
network sold equipment used in the production of nuclear 
material to Libya, Iran, and North Korea, and nuclear weapon 
designs to Libya and perhaps others. The extent of this 
network's activities are not yet fully known, but it is clear 
that it, or a similar operation, could provide equipment, 
materials and weapon designs not only to anti-Western regimes, 
but also to nongovernmental actors, such as terrorist groups.
    The emergence of private nuclear supplier networks poses a 
grave threat to U.S. and international security and could 
severely undermine the entire edifice of the global nuclear 
nonproliferation regime. Global nonproliferation policies, 
treaties, and agreements have historically been based on the 
assumption that nuclear weapons-relevant technology, equipment 
and materials could be developed and spread only by those 
governments which possess the technological, scientific, 
material and economic resources needed to develop or acquire a 
nuclear capability. It has now been demonstrated that private 
suppliers in other countries, with or without the approval or 
acquiescence of their governments, can provide countries such 
as Iran with the means to accelerate their nuclear weapons 
development capability.
    This threat will not vanish with the dismantlement of the 
existing nuclear black-market network. It has already 
demonstrated that nongovernmental actors can supply a wide 
range of nuclear equipment and technology at enormous profit to 
themselves. Unless the United States and the international 
community erect effective barriers and raise the costs of 
engaging in such proliferation activity, others will 
undoubtedly seek to profit from similar activities.
    The U.S. is attempting to dismantle this network, but it 
lacks many of the tools needed to discover, eliminate and deter 
future nuclear black market activities. Title VII, ``The 
Nuclear Black Market Elimination Act,'' provides the President 
with these tools, while also increasing congressional 
oversight.

      SUBTITLE A--SANCTIONS FOR TRANSFERS OF NUCLEAR ENRICHMENT, 
REPROCESSING, AND WEAPONS TECHNOLOGY, EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS INVOLVING 
                    FOREIGN PERSONS AND TERRORISTS.

Section 811. Authority to Impose Sanctions on Foreign Persons.
    This section authorizes the President to prohibit certain 
U.S. transactions with any foreign person, company or group 
that provides nuclear material enrichment or reprocessing 
equipment, materials, or technology to a non-nuclear weapon 
state that does not already possess functioning enrichment or 
reprocessing facilities and does not have in force an 
Additional Protocol; or is developing, manufacturing or seeking 
to acquire a nuclear explosive device. Section 811's authority 
also applies to prohibitions regarding foreign entities that 
transfer weapons-related equipment or materials to a non-
nuclear state or foreign person.
    This section helps to institute the President's proposals 
put forth in a speech in February 2004, in which he proposed 
halting trade in equipment, materials and technology for 
facilities to enrich uranium and for the production of 
plutonium (known as reprocessing) to countries that do not 
already possess such facilities. The global nuclear black 
market network, revealed just a month earlier, had provided 
such technology and even equipment. The President also called 
for countries to adhere to the Additional Protocol to the 
Safeguards Agreement between the IAEA and its member states 
(Additional Protocol) for enhanced safeguard inspections with 
the IAEA, which gives the Agency greatly enhanced authority to 
inspect and investigate a country's compliance with its 
commitments under the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear 
Weapons (NPT).
Section 812. Presidential Notification on Activities of Foreign 
        Persons.
    This section directs the President to report annually to 
Congress on the activities of any foreign person described in 
Section 811. Even if the President decides not to implement a 
sanction based on the foreign person's activity, Congress will 
be kept informed regarding those activities. This provision 
will assist Congress in its oversight role concerning an 
Administration's conduct of nonproliferation policy with regard 
to illicit nuclear proliferation networks. This report will 
also provide a means for Congress to assess whether the 
countries in which those foreign persons are located are taking 
effective action to prevent such activity.

   SUBTITLE B--FURTHER ACTIONS AGAINST CORPORATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH 
                       SANCTIONED FOREIGN PERSONS

Section 821. Findings.
    This section declares that since many foreign persons and 
corporations are motivated by profit to engage in proliferation 
activities, the U.S. must seek to punish them financially for 
their actions, including those undertaken by subsidiaries.
Section 822. Campaign by United States Government Officials.
    This section directs the President to instruct all agencies 
to make every effort in their interactions with foreign 
government and business officials to persuade them not to 
engage in any business transaction with a foreign person 
sanctioned under Section 811 above, including any parent or 
subsidiary of the sanctioned entity, for the duration of the 
sanctions period.
    Section 822 does not authorize the imposition of actual 
sanctions against the parent of subsidiary entities of the 
sanctioned foreign person. It does direct the U.S. to use the 
full persuasive powers of the United States Government to 
convince other governments to commercially punish any parent or 
subsidiary of a sanctioned foreign entity engaging in 
proliferation activity as a means of achieving greater 
oversight and control of the actions of such entities.
Section 823. Coordination.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to coordinate 
U.S. actions outlined in Section 822.
Section 824. Report.
    This section requires an annual report by the Secretary of 
State to Congress on the actions taken under Section 822.

   SUBTITLE C--INCENTIVES FOR PROLIFERATION INTERDICTION COOPERATION

Section 831. Authority to Provide Assistance to Cooperative Countries.
    This section authorizes the President to provide, on such 
terms as the President considers appropriate, assistance under 
section 832 to any country that cooperates with the United 
States and other allied countries to prevent the transport and 
transshipment of items of proliferation concern in its national 
territory or airspace or in vessels under its control or 
registry.
Section 832. Types of Assistance.
    This section authorizes assistance Section 831 to include 
Foreign Military Financing, Economic Support Funds, and draw 
down authority under the Arms Export Control and Foreign 
Assistance Acts.
Section 833. Congressional Notification.
    This section requires a 30-day notification in advance of 
provision of such assistance, in accordance with the procedures 
applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) 
of the Foreign Assistance Act.
Section 834. Limitation.
    This section states that assistance to a country under 
section 831 is limited to 3 fiscal years.
Section 835. Use of Assistance.
    This section states that assistance provided under this 
Subtitle shall be used to enhance the capability of the 
recipient country to interdict items of proliferation concern 
in its national territory or airspace.
Section 836. Limitation on Ship or Aircraft Transfers to Uncooperative 
        Countries.
    This section limits the transfer of excess military ships 
or aircraft to a country that has not agreed that it will 
support and assist efforts by the United States to interdict 
items of proliferation concern until 30 days after the date on 
which the President has provided notice to Congress in 
accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming 
notifications under section 634A(a) of the Foreign Assistance.
    This section also provides an incentive to countries that 
are eligible to receive excess U.S. military vessels and 
aircraft to support U.S. efforts to interdict items of 
proliferation concern, such as through the Proliferation 
Security Initiative (PSI). To ensure the President sufficient 
flexibility in seeking support from other countries for the PSI 
and related activities, this section does not require the 
conclusion of a formal bilateral instrument, nor does it set 
requirements for the form that a country's assent to support 
and assist U.S. efforts must take.

         SUBTITLE D--ROLLBACK OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION NETWORKS

Section 841. Nonproliferation as a Condition of United States 
        Assistance.
    This section declares U.S. policy to provide foreign 
assistance only to countries that: (1) are not cooperating with 
any state, group or individual involved in efforts promoting 
nuclear terrorism; and (2) are fully and completely cooperating 
with the United States in its efforts to eliminate nuclear 
black market networks or activities.
Section 842. Report on Identification of Nuclear Proliferation Network 
        Host Countries.
    This section requires an annual report that identifies any 
country in which manufacturing, brokering, shipment, 
transshipment, or other activity occurred in connection with 
the transactions of existing nuclear proliferation networks and 
illicit activities. It also requires the report to describe the 
extent to which such country is, in the opinion of the 
President, fully cooperating with the United States in its 
efforts to eliminate this network and any other nuclear 
proliferation networks or activities.
Section 843. Suspension of Arms Sales Licenses and Deliveries to 
        Nuclear Proliferation Network Host Countries.
    This section temporarily suspends arms sales, and makes 
available a waiver for such suspension, for countries that the 
President has identified in the annual report where nuclear 
black market activities have occurred. Its purpose is to ensure 
that these countries have an incentive to cooperate with the 
U.S. to eliminate such activities. Given the grave threat posed 
to U.S. and global security by these activities, suspending 
U.S. arms sales until such cooperation is forthcoming is a 
reasonable and measured incentive for encouraging such 
cooperation. This provision does not focus on any one country 
or any existing network, but envisions application globally and 
to future nuclear black market networks and activities. Given 
the Administration's testimony to Congress regarding the 
cooperation it is receiving from countries in which activities 
related to an existing nuclear black market network have taken 
place, it is assumed that the President will expeditiously make 
the certifications required under this section.
    This section requires the temporary suspension of licenses 
for U.S. arms sales to any country identified in the report 
under Section 842 until the President certifies to Congress 
that the country has fully investigated or is fully 
investigating the activities of any person or entity involved 
in nuclear proliferation activities within its territory; has 
taken or is taking effective steps to permanently halt similar 
illicit nuclear proliferation or acquisition activities; has 
been,or is fully cooperating with the United States and other 
appropriate international organizations in investigating and 
eliminating nuclear proliferation networks and activities; and 
has enacted, or is enacting, new laws, regulations or practices 
to prevent future such activities.
    This section also allows the President to waive this 
suspension of licenses if the President certifies that the 
waiver is important to the national security of the United 
States.

                     SUBTITLE E--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 851. Definitions.
    This section defines various terms used in this title.

                TITLE IX--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROVISIONS

   SUBTITLE A--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961 AND RELATED PROVISIONS

        CHAPTER I--PART I OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961

Section 901. Assistance to Establish Centers for the Treatment of 
        Obstetric Fistula in Developing Countries.
    This section authorizes appropriations of $5 million for 
each of fiscal years 2006 and FY 2007 in order to provide for 
treatment of obstetric fistula in developing countries.
    Rape, other physical abuse or untreated, obstructed labor 
can lead to a fistula, or hole, between a woman's birth passage 
and one or more of her internal organs. An estimated two 
million women globally suffer from this condition, which is 
responsible for about 8% of the half million worldwide maternal 
deaths annually. Approximately 50,000 to 100,000 new cases of 
fistula are added each year.
    USAID has concentrated on prevention of fistula through a 
variety of initiatives that include increased availability to 
emergency care for fistula victims and increased attendance of 
skilled medical personnel at delivery.
    The provision authorizes the President to establish not 
less than twelve centers for the treatment of obstetric fistula 
in developing countries. Each center shall provide, to the 
maximum extent possible, surgery to repair obstetric fistula in 
women who do not have the resources to pay for such surgery and 
after care, transportation to and from the center for women in 
need, provide food and shelter as needed to those women, engage 
in activities to reduce the incidence of obstetric fistula, 
including seminars and dissemination of brochures, pamphlets, 
posters, and other educational material.
Section 902. Support for Small and Medium Enterprises in Sub-Saharan 
        Africa.
    This section authorizes the Overseas Private Investment 
Corporation (OPIC) to provide insurance and guarantees to 
financial institutions to expand investment and lending 
opportunities to small and medium enterprises owned 
substantially by Africans. It further provides for technical 
support programs for African financial institutions to improve 
the quality of their management, create effective credit risk 
management systems and effective credit risk management.
Section 903. Assistance to Support Democracy in Zimbabwe.
    This section authorizes $12 million for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 in Development Assistance and Economic 
Support Funds for promoting democracy in Zimbabwe, in 
accordance with the provisions of the Zimbabwe Democracy and 
Economic Recovery Act of 2001.
    Since 2001, the situation in Zimbabwe has deteriorated. A 
recent government crackdown has resulted in the destruction of 
scores of small businesses, more than 22,000 arrests, and the 
displacement of tens of thousands of Zimbabweans during their 
winter.
    The funds will support the fostering of free and fair 
electoral processes in Zimbabwe, capacity building for civil 
society organizations to provide information on the political 
process to citizens, training for political parties, poll 
watcher training, and the reestablishment of independent media 
through overseas broadcasts and Internet sites in Zimbabwe, and 
provides for the support and promotion of human rights groups.
Section 904. Restrictions on United States Voluntary Contributions to 
        the United Nations Development Program.
    This section provides that of the amounts made available 
for each of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for the U.S. 
voluntary contribution to the United Nations Development 
Program (UNDP), an amount equal to the amount UNDP will spend 
in Burma during each fiscal year shall be withheld unless 
during such fiscal year the Secretary of State submits to the 
appropriate Congressional Committees a certification that UNDP 
programs in Burma: (1) are focused on eliminating human 
suffering and addressing the needs of the poor; (2) are 
undertaken only through international or private voluntary 
organizations; (3) provide no benefit, directly or indirectly, 
to the ruling military junta; and (4) are carried out only 
after consultation with the leadership of Burma's democratic 
opposition. In determining whether UNDP assistance provides 
financial, political or military benefit to the SPDC or any 
agency or entity of, or affiliated with the SPDC, the Secretary 
shall ensure that no goods, services, or per diems are 
provided. In addition, not later than 180 days after the 
enactment of this act and every 180 days thereafter during 
fiscal years 2006 and 2007, the Secretary of State shall submit 
to the appropriate Congressional Committees a report on UNDP 
programs and activities in Burma.
Section 905. Assistance for the Office of the Police Ombudsman for 
        Northern Ireland.
    This section authorizes $100,000 for each of fiscal years 
2006 and 2007 appropriated under the ``International Narcotics 
Control and Law Enforcement'' account for specialized 
investigative training and advisory support for the Office of 
the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland for the development 
and strengthening of its institutional capacity and 
investigations of human rights abuses by the police. The Office 
of the Police Ombudsman was created by the Good Friday 
Agreement as an independent impartial police complaints system 
for the people of all communities in Northern Ireland. The 
Ombudsman's Offices are not part of the Police Service of 
Northern Ireland, and under the leadership of its independent 
Ombudsman, Nuala O'Loane, the office has been a catalyst for 
police reform. The Police Ombudsman's office has been 
recognized as an effective mechanism for holding the police in 
Northern Ireland accountable and helping people develop some 
confidence in a policing service that has faced credible 
charges of collusion. In 1999, Congress adopted legislation 
(P.L. 106-113, Division B) that required the U.S. to vet, for 
human rights abuses, any members of the police force of 
Northern Ireland who were selected to participate in exchange 
and training programs in the U.S.
    This provision builds on that program and seeks to 
specifically enhance training of those in Northern Ireland who 
are charged with holding the police accountable and ensuring 
that policing is carried out in accordance with human rights 
standards.
Section 906. Report on Foreign Law Enforcement Training and Assistance.
    This section requires that the annual International 
Narcotics Control Strategy Report of the Department of State 
include a new section on law enforcement training and 
assistance around the world which is being conducted by major 
U.S. agencies, including the Department of State, the 
Department of Defense, the Department of Justice, and the 
United States Agency for International Development. The new 
section is to be divided into three parts--training, other 
forms of assistance, and country-specific information. Each 
part will report, at least, on numbers of foreign law 
enforcement personnel receiving assistance, types of 
assistance, and particulars of funding sources for the 
assistance.
Section 907. Assistance for Disaster Mitigation Efforts.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with heads of other 
agencies and departments of the United States Government, 
should develop an initiative to encourage the use of disaster 
mitigation techniques, including building in safer locations, 
constructing sturdier dwellings, enforcing sound building codes 
and practices, and protecting natural ecosystems, by foreign 
governments in regions that are considered especially 
vulnerable to natural disasters. It also amends the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 to allow U.S. disaster assistance to be 
used for disaster mitigation.
Section 908. Assistance to Promote Democracy in Belarus.
    This section authorizes $12 million for each of fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 from Freedom Support Act funds for the 
promotion of democracy in Belarus. These democratic reforms 
include a free and fair electoral process, the development of 
political parties and nongovernmental organizations promoting 
democracy and respect for human rights and the rule of law, 
independent media, and international exchanges and training 
programs for leaders and members of the democratic forces that 
foster civil society.
    Belarus receives less Freedom Support Act (FSA) assistance 
than any other country besides Turkmenistan. U.S. support for 
the struggling forces of democracy has diminished over the 
course of the last few years, from $9.04 million in FSA funding 
in fiscal year 2003, to $8 million in fiscal year 2004, to an 
estimated $6.5 million in fiscal year 2005 and $7 million in 
the President's Budget Request for fiscal year 2006. Alexander 
Lukashenka's dictatorial regime maintains a repressive form of 
governance, and it is vital for the United States to offer more 
funding to strengthen democratic forces within Belarus prior to 
the upcoming planned presidential elections in 2006. Lukashenka 
continues to exercise a monopoly over the information space, 
and repression against members of democratic opposition 
parties, independent media and nongovernmental organizations is 
growing. Secretary of State Rice designated Belarus one of six 
``outposts of tyranny'' as a principal focal point for the 
promotion of democracy.
Section 909. Assistance for Maternal and Prenatal Care for Certain 
        Individuals of Belarus and Ukraine Involved in the Cleanup of 
        the Chornobyl Disaster.
    This section authorizes such sums as may be necessary from 
Freedom Support Act funds for each of fiscal years 2006 and 
2007 to improve maternal and prenatal care for the victims in 
Belarus and Ukraine involved in the cleanup of the region 
affected by the Chornobyl nuclear disaster.
    Nearly 20 years after the Chornobyl disaster, there is a 
large increase in chromosome damage and birth defects now 
affecting the new generation in Belarus and Ukraine. A number 
of health studies have indicated spikes in chromosome damage as 
high as seven-fold. This is particularly the case among the 
more than 600,000 emergency workers, firefighters, miners and 
construction workers who were exposed to exceedingly high 
levels of radiation during the 1986 cleanup effort. Parents in 
the affected region are still being exposed to radioactive 
fallout as well.
    With respect to certain types of birth defects (e.g. 
respiratory distress, anemia, severe cleft palates and facial 
deformities, missing digits or limbs, damaged, missing or 
malformed critical organs and certain types of telltale cardiac 
defects linked to radiation exposure), pregnant mothers can be 
monitored and prenatal care can bolster the mother's ability to 
carry the child to term, and the child's ability to increase in 
weight. Training of medical personnel helps improve prenatal 
care, and for congenital heart defects, the condition can be 
detected in utero, monitored and preparations made for surgical 
intervention after birth.
    In this fragile transition period, it is important for the 
United States to foster goodwill towards the people of Belarus 
and Ukraine. Furthermore, it is important to demonstrate 
support for the new democratic government in Ukraine not only 
with economic and political support, but also by meeting 
tangible social and health needs.
Section 910. Assistance to Address Non-infectious Diseases in Foreign 
        Countries.
    This section makes a statement of policy that medical 
evidence indicates that non-infectious diseases such as heart 
disease and obesity are on the rise worldwide, and U.S. AID 
funding does not address this situation. The section authorizes 
assistance to address non-infectious diseases in foreign 
countries.

        CHAPTER 2--PART II OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961

Section 921. Economic Support Fund Assistance for Egypt.
    Subsection (a) consists of congressional ``findings.'' 
Congress finds, that since 1979 the United States has provided 
more than $32 billion in military assistance to Egypt and more 
than $28 billion in economic assistance, and that applying the 
concept similar to a ``Millennium Challenge'' compact to the 
Egyptian aid program would reinvigorate the program and give 
more Egyptians a stake in the proper planning and execution of 
assistance programs.
    Subsection (b) consists of a ``statement of policy'' that 
includes an acknowledgement that threats to Egyptian stability 
derive far more from domestic problems than from external 
dangers, and that external threats to Egyptian stability are, 
in fact, minimal. The subsection also affirms as policy the 
provision of non-military assistance to Egypt that results in 
actual, sustainable, and, to the extent possible, measurable 
outcomes regarding economic growth, poverty reduction, 
humanitarian conditions, health, education, and political 
reform.
    Subsection (c) provides for significant reform in Egypt's 
economic assistance program by combining, beginning in FY 2007, 
all non-military aid under the Economic Support Fund into a 
program similar in procedure to the ``Millennium Challenge 
Account.'' Egypt will have the opportunity to design a program, 
with measurable goals, to help achieve lasting economic growth 
and poverty reduction and substantially strengthened democratic 
institutions and individual freedoms, and to present that 
program to the President of the U.S. for his approval. After 
the President approves the program, it is anticipated that 
Egypt will have far greater say in the implementation of the 
program than is currently the case.
    The recent agreement under which the United States agreed 
to provide a significant amount of cash assistance to Egypt and 
Egypt agreed to undertake policy reforms in the financial 
sector is exempted from the provision described above for the 
life of the agreement (through 2008), although, beginning with 
fiscal year 2007. Such cash may not be provided until Egypt has 
concluded an assistance agreement pursuant to this subsection.
    Subsection (d) reduces Egypt's Foreign Military Financing 
(FMF) assistance over the next 3 fiscal years by $40 million 
annually, by providing that funds over the following amounts 
that may be appropriated to the FMF program be transferred to 
the ESF program: $1.26 billion in FY06, $1.22 billion in FY07, 
and $1.18 billion in FY08. The Committee expects that ESF 
allocations for Egypt may continue to be reduced, but that 
funds actually available for economic assistance, because of 
the transfer provided for here, will continue to total $530 
million annually.
    This approach reverses the pattern of aid to Egypt for the 
past 6 years in which military assistance has been held steady 
at roughly $1.3 billion per year, while ESF has been diminished 
by roughly $40 million per year. In effect, overall aid for 
Egypt presumably would continue to be diminished by only $40 
million per year for the next 3 years, but the deduction would 
be taken from military, rather than economic, assistance.
    This provision is inspired by the perception that the 
primary threat to Egyptian stability derives from domestic 
deficiencies--particularly in education, health, commerce, 
human rights, and governance--rather than external dangers. 
Egypt is at peace with all its neighbors. Internally, however, 
it faces many challenges. For example, per capita GDP is under 
$1,300. A majority of women over the age of 15 are illiterate. 
The only recent democratic reform of significance is one that, 
although allowing for first-ever multi-party Presidential 
elections, is being implemented in a manner that virtually 
guarantees President Mubarak's re-election. This provision is 
intended to begin the process of re-directing United States 
assistance toward the area where Egypt most needs it--that is, 
Egypt's domestic situation.
    Americans value military cooperation with Egypt, and for 
this reason assistance has been, is, and will continue to be 
provided at very generous levels. However, issues related to 
Egypt's internal stability--such as the Egyptian economy's 
continued relative stagnation and the concomitant need for 
reform--vastly outweighs in importance the current needs of the 
military. Currently about two-thirds of United States military 
assistance to Egypt is used to sustain and modernize Egypt's 
existing weapons systems. Only with economic growth can Egypt 
hope to be able to support a modern military and diminish its 
dependence on United States assistance.
    Subsection (e) directs the President to alter the current 
``cash-flow financing'' system to accommodate this reduction in 
military aid, while ensuring that maintenance and spare parts 
for existing Egyptian military equipment are not jeopardized 
and that U.S. commitments are met for all outstanding 
agreements.
    Egypt presently enjoys the benefit of a provision under 
which certain military assistance funds are placed in an 
interest-bearing account, and Egypt retains the interest. 
Subsection (f) requires that the interest be transferred to the 
Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) and allocated for 
democracy and governance programs for Egypt, including direct 
support for nongovernmental organizations. Under the U.S. 
Administration's plans, assistance for democratization and 
governance programs are a very small proportion of our overall 
assistance; this is one area where congressional interest in 
progress requires a relatively reliable source of additional 
support.
Section 922. Inter-Arab Democratic Charter.
    This section encourages support for the creation of an 
Inter-Arab Democratic Charter. At the recently concluded 
Community of Democracies Ministerial in Santiago, Chile, the 
final document articulated the commitment of the countries of 
the Middle East to work toward the creation of an Inter-Arab 
Democratic Charter. U.S. policy supports such efforts to 
promote democratic institutions and reform, and integrate civil 
society into this process. This section calls for the Bureau of 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, in consultation with the 
Bureau for Near Eastern Affairs and the Bureau for Western 
Hemisphere Affairs, to develop an inter-regional strategy to 
support, including through the provision of technical 
assistance, efforts to create an Inter-Arab Democratic Charter 
and strengthen the role of human rights organizations, pro-
democracy advocates, and civil society members from both 
regions in helping to craft such a Charter. This section also 
authorizes such sums as may be necessary to provide technical 
assistance to support such efforts, derived from the Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund and Middle East Partnership 
Initiative funding.
Section 923. Middle East Partnership Initiative.
    This section authorizes the Middle East Partnership 
Initiative programs for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 with a 
requirement that, in reforming countries, no less than half of 
the funds be dedicated to activities such as: Democracy and 
civil society promotion, particularly nongovernmental 
organizations; to the expansion of women and other minority 
participation in the political, economic, and educational 
sectors; and to developing and implementing free and fair 
election standards. MEPI funds are also to be focused on 
promoting democracy in countries under authoritarian rule.
Section 924. West Bank and Gaza Program.
    This section concerns oversight of U.S. assistance to the 
USAID West Bank/Gaza program for FY06 and FY07. It maintains a 
certification by the Secretary of State to ensure that the 
Comptroller General of the United States will have access to 
appropriate United States financial information in order to 
review the use of U.S. assistance to the West Bank/Gaza 
program. It further states that prior to the obligation of any 
funds, the Secretary shall take all appropriate steps to ensure 
that such assistance is not provided to or through any 
individual entity that the Secretary knows, or has reason to 
believe, advocates, plans, sponsors, engages in, or has engaged 
in, terrorist activity, and includes a prohibition of 
assistance for the purpose of recognizing or otherwise honoring 
individuals who commit, or have committed, acts of terrorism. 
This provision states that $1,000,000 for each fiscal year may 
be used by the Office of the inspector General of USAID for 
audits and inspections necessary to implement this section.
Section 925. Economic Support Fund Assistance for Venezuela.
    This section authorizes $9 million for each of fiscal years 
2006 and 2007 in Economic Support Funds to fund activities 
which support political parties, the rule of law, civil 
society, an independent media, and otherwise promote 
democratic, accountable governance in Venezuela.
    Annual Foreign Operations Appropriations Acts extend the 
prohibitions of the American Service Members Protection Act 
(Title II of P.L. 107-206) to Economic Support Funds and their 
use with governments that have not ratified an Article 98 
agreement with the United States. As such, nongovernmental 
organizations, but not the Government of Venezuela (which does 
not have an Article 98 agreement with the United States) would 
be eligible to receive the assistance which is authorized by 
this section.
Asian University for Women in Bangladesh.
    The Committee is aware of the strong support that the 
University has garnered in Bangladesh and elsewhere in South 
Asia and from the Bangladeshi-American and South Asian-American 
communities. United States Government support has been 
important to getting the University started. The Committee 
encourages the Agency for International Development and other 
government agencies to consider sympathetically such 
applications the University may make for additional assistance.

       CHAPTER 3--PART III OF THE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961

Section 931. Support for Pro-Democracy and Human Rights Organizations 
        in Certain Countries.
    This section authorizes U.S. foreign assistance in certain 
circumstances to countries designated as state sponsors of 
terrorism. U.S. law prohibits U.S. assistance to countries 
designated as state-sponsors of terrorism. As such, specific 
statutory authorization is necessary for the U.S. to provide 
support for the efforts of human rights and pro-democracy 
advocates in these rogue nations. This section provides such 
authorization if, at least 30 days before obligating funds for 
such assistance, the Secretary of State notifies the 
appropriate Congressional Committees (in classified or 
unclassified form) that the recipient organizations oppose 
terrorism, support democracy and respect for human rights, 
including equality of women and other minorities, and support 
other fundamental liberties.
Section 932. Limitation on Assistance to the Palestinian Authority.
    Subsection 932(a) amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 
by inserting a new section, proposed Section 620K, which is 
intended to govern all assistance to the Palestinian Authority.
    Section 620K(a) provides that assistance to the Palestinian 
Authority under the Foreign Assistance Act or any other act may 
only be provided when a certification by the President under 
section 620K(b) is in effect.
    The President's certification must contain the President's 
determination that:
    (1) providing direct assistance to the Palestinian 
Authority is important to the national security interests of 
the United States; and
    (2) that the Palestinian Authority:
    (A) is committed to and has initiated the process of 
purging from its security services individuals with ties to 
terrorism;
    (B) has made demonstrable progress toward dismantling the 
terrorist infrastructure, confiscating unauthorized weapons, 
arresting and bringing terrorists to justice, destroying 
unauthorized arms factories, thwarting and preempting terrorist 
attacks, and is fully cooperating with Israel's security 
services;
    (C) has made demonstrable progress toward halting all anti-
Israel incitement in Palestinian Authority-controlled 
electronic and print media and in schools, mosques, and other 
institutions it controls, and is replacing these materials, 
including textbooks, with materials that promote tolerance, 
peace, and coexistence with Israel;
    (D) has taken effective steps to ensure democracy, the rule 
of law, and an independent judiciary, and has adopted other 
reforms such as ensuring transparent and accountable 
governance;
    (E) is committed to ensuring that all elections within 
areas it administers to be free, fair, and transparent; and
    (F) is undertaking verifiable efforts to ensure the 
financial transparency and accountability of all government 
ministries and operations.
    Under subsection (c) of the new Section 620K, the President 
must recertify 90 days after initial his certification and 
every 6 months thereafter that the requirements contained in 
subsection (b) of that new section are continuing to be met. If 
the President is unable to make a recertification the President 
is to report to Congress indicating the reasons he cannot make 
a recertification.
    Under subsection (d) of the new Section 620K, assistance 
made available under this act or any other provision of law to 
the Palestinian Authority may not be provided until 15 days 
after the date on which the President has provided notice to 
the Committee on International Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate under the procedures applicable to 
reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act.
    Subsection (b) of section 932 of this act provides for a 
report by the Comptroller General of the United States to the 
appropriate Congressional Committees reviewing the extent to 
which United States assistance to the Palestinian Authority 
under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or any other provision 
of law is properly audited by the Department of State, the 
United States Agency for International Development, and all 
other relevant departments and agencies of the Untied States 
Government.
Section 933. Assistance for Law Enforcement Forces.
    This section amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to 
create new exceptions to the general prohibition against 
foreign assistance to foreign law enforcement and intelligence 
personnel and agencies. The exceptions which this section 
authorizes are for assistance to combat corruption; improve 
public safety training, particularly with regard to human 
rights, the rule of law, conflict prevention, and the promotion 
of civilian police roles that support democratic governance; 
combat trafficking in persons; and develop capabilities for and 
deployment to impending or ongoing peace operations of the 
United Nations or comparable regional organizations. The 
section also permits assistance to be given to national, 
regional, district, municipal, or other sub-national 
governmental entity of a foreign government.
    The provision reasserts the Committee's intent to authorize 
activities and assistance for foreign law enforcement which 
have been conducted pursuant to the Foreign Operations 
Appropriations Act. The provision also responds to a GAO study 
that found that current section 660 restrictions were 
constraining the ability of the United States Government, 
working through nongovernmental organizations, to consolidate 
democracy in Central America, the Andean region, and outside 
the Western Hemisphere.
    The Committee notes that the Center for Strategic and 
International Studies held a policy seminar in March 2005, 
``Policing and Security in Latin America, the Need for 
Reform.'' A conclusion of the panelists was that the existing 
legal framework is riddled with exceptions which have, for the 
most part, substantially weakened the general prohibition 
against the provision of assistance to foreign law enforcement. 
The seminar presenters also recommended that the current legal 
framework governing the provision of such assistance be 
reformed after a comprehensive survey of current assistance to 
foreign law enforcement is conducted.
    The Committee believes that assistance under this section 
should be provided to countries with democratically-elected 
governments which are under civilian control and have 
demonstrated a commitment to preventing human rights abuses by 
their police forces. Assistance should also be provided as part 
of a broader development strategy to enhance democratic 
governance, maximize the involvement of civil society in 
decision-making at the national, regional, and local levels, 
strengthen human rights, and increase the accountability and 
transparency of government agencies, including law enforcement 
entities, to the communities which they serve. Assistance 
provided under this section should be fully transparent and 
include mechanisms to encourage continued, cooperative contact 
with and between recipients of training or assistance.

                  SUBTITLE B--OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW

Section 941. Amendments to the Afghanistan Freedom Support Act of 2002.
    This section amends the Afghanistan Freedom Support Act of 
2002, as amended (22 U.S.C. 7501 et seq.), to authorize 
appropriations of $50 million for each of fiscal years 2006 and 
2007 in order to support the United Nations Assistance Mission 
in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and other programs related to holding 
free, fair, and transparent parliamentary elections that are 
scheduled to take place this September.
    This section states that it shall be the policy of the U.S. 
to urge donor governments and institutions to provide 
significant financial support to UNAMA, assist legitimate and 
recognized parliamentary candidates and future elected 
parliamentary officials in carrying out the responsibilities 
and duties of their elected offices, and assist Afghanistan in 
the preparation for future presidential and parliamentary 
elections.
    The purposes of assistance are to support programs in the 
areas of: Voter education and voter registration; the 
disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) of 
militias; transparency and accountability training; and 
exchange of parliamentary officials.
Section 942. Amendments to the Tibetan Policy Act of 2002.
    This section amends the Tibetan Policy Act of 2002 (P.L. 
107-228). Section 942(a) amends section 616 of the Tibetan 
Policy Act by adding a new subsection (d) ``United States 
Assistance.'' Under this provision, the President is required 
to provide grants to nongovernmental organizations to support 
sustainable economic development, cultural and historical 
preservation, health care, education, and environmental 
sustainability projects for Tibetans inside Tibet; the U.S. 
Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues is required to review 
and approve all such projects; and there are authorized to be 
appropriated to the President to carry out this subsection $6 
million for fiscal year 2006 and $8 million for fiscal year 
2007. Section 942(b) amends section 619 of the Tibetan Policy 
Act such that the Secretary of State shall ensure that at least 
one Foreign Service Officer assigned to a U.S. post in the 
People's Republic of China responsible for monitoring 
developments in Tibet has at least 6 months of Tibetan language 
training or equivalent fluency prior to taking up such 
assignment. Subsection 942(c) amends section 621 of the Tibetan 
Policy Act by adding a new subsection (e) which requires that 
the Secretary of State assign dedicated personnel to the Office 
of the Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues.
    With regard to grants for cultural and historic 
preservation, the intent of the Committee is that such grants 
be used to not only preserve current Tibetan culture, but to 
also record Tibetan culture prior to the Chinese invasion in 
1949. Grants for historic preservation should consider 
developing an historical accounting of Tibetan assets to 
include personal possessions, items of religious significance, 
and artwork that were seized by the Chinese Government. In 
addition, such grants should also seek to identify those 
entities of the Chinese Government responsible for such seizure 
and disposition of Tibetan property.
Section 943. Amendments to the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 
        1986.
    This section amends the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act 
of 1986 which provided the authority for the United States to 
make contributions to the International Fund for Ireland (IFI). 
The Fund was established by the Governments of the United 
Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland to enable other countries 
to make contributions for economic development and 
reconciliation in the six counties of Northern Ireland and the 
border counties in the Republic of Ireland. As of fiscal year 
2005, the U.S. has contributed approximately $430 million to 
IFI which also receives support from other countries, including 
the EU, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The goal has been 
to bring different communities together, foster economic 
growth, and thereby help reduce unemployment and strife that 
can lead to restlessness and interest in paramilitary violence. 
In addition to fostering economic activity, the U.S. 
contributions to the IFI are designed to enhance cross 
community contact, greater understanding between the peoples of 
Northern Ireland and reconciliation.
    This provision seeks to further the reconciliation and 
cross community programs of the IFI by encouraging more support 
for programs that enhance relations between communities, 
promote human rights training, and enhance peaceful mediation 
in neighborhoods of continued conflict. The provision also 
reauthorizes the Fund at $20 million and stipulates that not 
less than 35 percent be used for the implementation of the 
cross-community, reconciliation programs rather than economic-
only programs.
Section 944. Assistance for Demobilization and Disarmament of Former 
        Irregular Combatants in Colombia.
    This section authorizes U.S. assistance for the Republic of 
Colombia for fiscal year 2006 and each subsequent fiscal year 
for the demobilization and disarmament of former members of 
foreign terrorist organizations, specifically the United Self-
Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), the Revolutionary Armed 
Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army 
(ELN), if the Secretary of State certifies to the Congress 
that: (1) Such assistance will be provided only to individuals 
who have ``verifiably'' (i.e., signed the Government of 
Colombia form on the renunciation of terror, remain in the 
demobilization program and meet the requirements of the 
program) renounced and terminated any affiliation or 
involvement with foreign terrorist organizations; (2) the 
Government of Colombia is continuing to provide full 
cooperation with U.S. requests for extradition of leaders and 
members of these terrorist organizations; and (3) the 
Government of Colombia has established a concrete and workable 
framework for dismantling the organizational structure of these 
foreign terrorist organizations that adequately balances the 
need for both reconciliation and justice with concerns for 
fundamental human rights.
    The provision clearly signals the Committee's intent to 
unambiguously authorize U.S. aid to assist the demobilization 
of former terrorists in Colombia. This provision signals the 
Committee's intent that such assistance be used to support the 
involvement of ex-combatants in the eradication of illicit 
drugs that finance terrorism in Colombia. Such U.S. aid under 
these circumstances is not material support for terrorism. To 
the contrary, such assistance should be interpreted as 
counterterrorism assistance as it removes terrorist combatants 
as a threat to the elected Government of Colombia and engages 
the former combatants in efforts to eliminate the illegal drugs 
that finance terrorism in Colombia. The verification of 
individual renunciation of ties to terrorism by the Secretary 
of State shall consist of certification that the individuals 
have signed the pledge on the renunciation of terrorism 
required by the Government of Colombia and that said 
individuals remain in the assistance program.
Section 945. Support for Famine Relief in Ethiopia.
    This section authorizes the Secretary of State to make a 
voluntary contribution of $4 million to the World Food 
Programme to establish and carry out a demonstration insurance 
project in Ethiopia using weather derivatives to transfer risk 
of catastrophic drought from vulnerable subsistence farmers to 
international capital markets to protect against asset and 
income loss during food crises.
Section 946. Assistance to Promote Democracy and Human Rights in 
        Vietnam.
    This section authorizes $2 million for necessary expenses 
to fund NGOs and organizations that promote democracy in 
Vietnam. The development of democracy in Vietnam, including 
respect for human rights and religious freedom, has not kept 
pace with economic reforms and the growth of trade with the 
United States. The human rights situation in Vietnam has in 
fact worsened over the past 10 years. The State Department 
designated Vietnam as a ``Country of Particular Concern'' in 
September 2004 for its severe violations of religious freedom, 
and despite concluding an agreement on religious freedom with 
the State Department in May 2005, the Government of Vietnam has 
continued to severely restrict the ability of non-sanctioned 
religious groups, including ethnic minority Protestant 
congregations in the Northwest and Central Highlands, 
Catholics, Buddhists, Cao Dai, Baha'I, and Hoa Hao, to exercise 
their faiths.
    The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party Communist-
ruled State, which continues to deny its citizens basic 
political liberties such as independent political thought, and 
the existence of labor and social organizations. The Government 
also continues to commit serious human rights violations.
    The provision states that it is the policy of the United 
States to limit non-humanitarian assistance provided to the 
Government of Vietnam to not more than the amount so provided 
for fiscal year 2005, unless the President certifies that 
Vietnam has made substantial progress toward: Releasing 
political and religious prisoners; allowing access to the U.S. 
for its refugee program; respecting the rights of its 
minorities; and ensuring it is not acting in complicity with 
organizations engaged in human trafficking.

                  SUBTITLE C--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Section 951. Report on United States Weapons Transfers, Sales, and 
        Licensing to Haiti.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to submit to 
the appropriate Congressional Committees, not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this act, a report on 
all United States weapons transfers, sales, and licensing to 
the Government of the Republic of Haiti for the period 
beginning October 4, 1991, and ending on the date of the 
enactment of this act. The report shall describe: The names of 
the persons to which weapons were transferred, sold, or 
licensed; the number of such weapons; and the safeguards, if 
any, that were required prior to such transactions.
Section 952. Sense of Congress Regarding Assistance for Regional Health 
        Education and Training Programs.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that U.S. AID 
should use up to 5 percent of country-specific health program 
funds to address regional health education and training needs 
in instances where it would be more cost-effective to implement 
such programs on a regional basis.
Section 953. Sense of Congress Regarding Assistance for Regional Health 
        Care Delivery.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that U.S. AID 
should use up to 5 percent of country-specific health program 
funds to support projects to create and improve indigenous 
capacity for health care delivery.
Section 954. Sense of Congress Regarding Elimination of Extreme Poverty 
        in Developing Countries.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that the 
elimination of extreme poverty in developing countries should 
be a major priority of U.S. foreign policy and that the U.S. 
should demonstrate leadership in eliminating extreme poverty by 
working with the developing countries, donor countries, and 
multilateral institutions committed to the necessary reforms, 
policies, and practices that reduce extreme poverty. The 
section states that the President, acting through the 
Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
Development, should develop a comprehensive strategy to 
eliminate poverty in developing countries using foreign 
assistance, private investment, technical assistance, private-
public partnerships, and debt relief. In developing this 
strategy, the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
International Development should consult with the heads of 
other appropriate departments and agencies of the United States 
Government, international organizations, international 
financial institutions, recipient governments, civil society 
organizations, and other appropriate entities.
Section 955. Sense of Congress Regarding United States Foreign 
        Assistance.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that U.S. 
foreign assistance should be used to support local capacity-
building in developing countries and should focus on improving 
the institutional capacities of developing countries in order 
to promote long-term development.

                    TITLE X--REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

Section 1001. Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative.
    This section expresses the sense of Congress that efforts 
currently underway to expand the Pan Sahel Initiative (PSI) 
into a robust counterterrorism program in the Saharan region of 
Africa, known as the Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative 
(TSCTI), are strongly supported. TSCTI aims to utilize U.S. 
training and assistance to bolster the capacity of host nations 
to govern their territory so as not to become transnational 
terrorist havens.
    The Committee finds that developments on the African 
continent will be increasingly consequential to the security of 
the United States. The area of the Sahara, with its vast open 
space and weak governments, has the potential to become a 
terrorist sanctuary. Transnational terrorists, linked to al-
Qaeda, have been found operating in Saharan countries. TSCTI is 
an important response to this region's growing importance to 
our nation's security.
    With limited resources, the PSI has produced promising 
results. At a March 10, 2005, hearing of the Subcommittee on 
International Terrorism and Nonproliferation, ``Eliminating 
Terrorist Sanctuaries: The Role of Security Assistance,'' 
testimony was heard on the role PSI played in the capture of 
Abderrazak al-Para, a key leader of the Salafist Group for Call 
and Combat (GSPC), which has pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda. 
The GSPC was responsible for the kidnapping of 32 European 
tourists in Algeria in 2003. More recently, the GSPC claimed 
responsibility for an attack on a Mauritanian Army outpost that 
left 15 Mauritanian troops dead.
    Enhanced assistance to nations in the Sahara, under the 
Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Initiative, should further 
United States counterterrorism operations and strengthen 
regional security cooperation. Building partnerships with and 
among weak states to combat terrorism and other internal 
threats will be key toward denying terrorists sanctuaries. 
Significantly, the TSCTI is a broad-based approach, involving 
more than security assistance. Development assistance, 
increased U.S. public diplomacy efforts to counter radical 
Islamist elements and other aid is envisioned.
    Respect for human rights and civilian authority should be 
paramount in this security assistance training. Short-term 
gains in counterterrorism operations may be eclipsed by long-
term harm to the U.S. and participating African states if 
proper safeguards are not incorporated into TSCTI.
    The section requires the Secretary of State to submit to 
Congress 120 days after the date of enactment of this act, a 
classified strategy regarding United States efforts to expand 
the PSI. The report shall include: Participant countries; a 
description of security assistance and training to be 
conducted; a description of training to ensure respect for 
human rights and civilian authority; and other activities of 
the Initiative. The section also requests that the head of each 
appropriate department and agency of the United States 
Government cooperate fully to ensure the success of the Trans-
Sahara Counter Terrorism Initiative.
Section 1002. Annual Patterns of Global Terrorism Report.
    The House Committee on International Relations, 
Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation, 
chaired by Representative Edward R. Royce, held a hearing on 
May 12, 2005 on the State Department's congressionally-mandated 
report on international terrorism Patterns of Global Terrorism 
(this year renamed Country Reports on Terrorism). This was in 
response to the Committee's concerns over the problems 
associated with the publication of the last two annual reports.
    The 2003 report had to be reissued after significant errors 
were detected due to underreporting the number of terrorist 
attacks during the year. This year, without congressional 
consultation, the State Department issued the 2004 report 
without its traditional annex containing statistical data on 
the number of terrorist attacks worldwide. Additionally, the 
chronology of significant international terrorist incidents is 
now left to the newly-created National Counterterrorism Center 
(NCTC) for production, although it has traditionally been 
published as part of the State Department-mandated report to 
Congress.
    This section would modify and update the existing 
legislative requirements that the State Department annually 
report to Congress on Patterns of Global Terrorism. This report 
is considered an important document for educating the public 
about international terrorism, including trends and policy 
issues.
    Since its inception, and through a series of amendments, 
the Department of State has been required to provide Congress 
with a full and complete annual report on terrorism for those 
countries and groups meeting the criteria of the act, 
including: Detailed assessments of foreign countries where 
terrorist acts occurred, or which were designated state 
sponsors of terrorism; and terrorist groups responsible for 
acts against Americans or financed by state sponsors. In 
addition, the law requires the Department to report on the 
extent to which foreign countries cooperate with the United 
States in counterterrorism efforts. At the time the original 
law was drafted, the primary threat from terrorism was state-
sponsored. Since then, the terrorist threat has changed. Al-
Qaeda and affiliated groups pose the largest threat today.
    This section legislatively reflects the State Department's 
role in compiling the Patterns report, utilizing the 
intelligence data and analyses as prepared by the intelligence 
community, particularly the National Counterterrorism Center 
(NCTC). The Secretary of State is statutorily required to 
produce a statistical review and will presumably, as it has 
done in the past with predecessors of the NCTC, contract with 
the NCTC to produce these numbers, according to consistent 
criteria, in this one report. This mandate seeks to avoid the 
production of two separate reports.
    It further updates and redefines the type of information 
that should be contained in the Patterns report to reflect the 
threat our nation faces today, including: The inclusion of 
specific data and statistics on terrorist incidents; an 
assessment of each country around the world on counterterrorism 
cooperation with the United States; an assessment of efforts of 
multilateral organizations to combat terrorism; an analysis of 
policy goals of the United States for counterterrorism efforts; 
and the requirement of the Secretary of State to testify before 
the Committee each year on international counterterrorism 
efforts, among other patterns and trends of terrorism.
    Also, the Committee has required more specific assessments 
in the country-by-country section of each country's 
counterterrorism efforts and cooperation with the United 
States, to include negative reports which may be classified, if 
necessary. This report's objective is to fully inform Congress 
of the level of counterterrorism cooperation with every other 
nation--it is not intended to devolve into a press relations 
campaign for countries that the United States is trying to 
influence, nor to list impossible-to-discern relative 
differences in the levels of cooperation between different 
nations.
    The Committee expects that the new legislation will provide 
the flexibility needed to paint an accurate picture of 
terrorism around the world. This should mean that incidents in 
which civilians or other noncombatants are deliberately 
targeted for political purposes, or when groups launch reckless 
or indiscriminate attacks knowing that extensive civilian 
casualties will result, they should be discussed in this 
report. Whether or not an incident involves the citizens of 
more than one country is now irrelevant, since the State 
Department has so strictly construed the statute to exclude 
important terrorist incidents such as the Russian airliners 
downed by Chechen terrorists, a ferry in the Philippines bombed 
by the Abu Sayaf group, and attacks in Uzbekistan carried out 
by the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. The Committee expects 
that if incidents need to be included in the report for a 
complete understanding of the terrorist picture around the 
world, then they should be included in footnotes or appendices 
rather than to omit them due to a ``strict construction'' of 
difficult definitions under this statute. For example, if the 
State Department is able to ascertain the number of Americans 
killed around the world due to terrorist attacks, it may be 
relevant to include it in this report. The statute dictates 
measures that at a minimum should be included in the report. It 
is far better for the report to be over-inclusive with any 
necessary explanations than to be under-representative of the 
problem.
    It is also expected that the Administration will consult 
with Congress on the administrative or regulatory guidelines 
that will be used when determining the criteria for inclusion 
in this report and again produce what was once considered the 
flagship United States publication on international terrorism.
Section 1003. Dual Gateway Policy of the Government of Ireland.
    This section provides for an economic impact study by the 
Secretary of State, in consultation with other appropriate 
agencies, of the dual gateway policy of the Government of the 
Republic of Ireland. This policy requires air carriers serving 
Ireland's Dublin Airport from the United States to undertake an 
almost equal number of flights to Ireland's Shannon Airport. 
The study is to determine the effects a discontinuation of such 
a policy would have on the large number of U.S. businesses, as 
well as Irish businesses, operating in western Ireland.
Section 1004. Stablization in Haiti.
    This section requires that the Secretary of State, not 
later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the act, 
submit to the appropriate Congressional Committees a report on 
the efforts of the United States to assist in the disarmament 
of illegally armed forces in Haiti, the reform of the Haitian 
National Police, and the stabilization of the country 
generally.
Section 1005. Verification Reports to Congress.
    Currently, section 4039(a) of the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. Sec. 2593a) provides that the 
Secretary of State will prepare the annual report on 
verification, on behalf of the President, after ``consultation 
with'' certain other agencies; however, the Secretary of State 
must seek the ``concurrence'' of the Director of Central 
Intelligence in the preparation of the report. The President 
should be free to decide who in the executive branch will 
prepare the report and how it can best be prepared.
    Inserting ``as the President deems appropriate'' recognizes 
that the conduct of diplomatic negotiations is a function 
committed to the President by the Constitution, and he must 
have the authority to determine what information about such 
negotiations may, in the public interest, be made available to 
Congress and when such disclosure should occur.
Section 1006. Protection of Refugees from North Korea.
    This section amends P.L. 108-333, the North Korean Human 
Rights Act of 2004 (``NKHRA''), to ensure that annual reports 
on immigration by North Korean refugees and defectors (required 
by section 305 of that act) include a description of U.S. 
efforts to facilitate the submission of U.S. refugee 
applications by North Koreans. As underscored at an April 28, 
2005 oversight hearing, the United States has not yet begun 
sharing the burdens associated with resettling North Korean 
refugees, one of the key aims of the act. Persistence by U.S. 
officials will be required to secure from nations in the region 
the cooperation necessary to permit the United States to 
process and accept a credible but unspecified number of North 
Korean refugees for domestic resettlement, and this section is 
intended to assist the Congress in tracking that progress.
    The NKHRA directs the Secretary of State to facilitate the 
submission of applications by North Koreans seeking protection 
as refugees, a task that will require creative U.S. diplomatic 
efforts with countries in the region, including China, South 
Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and 
the Philippines. A State Department report to Congress, issued 
in March 2005, made clear that substantial, additional work 
remains to be done, but was unclear about what particular 
efforts have been made toward that end (speaking vaguely of a 
``survey of regional U.S. diplomatic posts'' which gave 
``preliminary indications'' that such assistance is not 
possible ``at this time''). For those reasons, this new section 
makes this information part of the annual report required for 5 
years by Section 305 of the NKHRA.
Section 1007. Acquisitions and Major Security Upgrades.
    This section amends section 605(c) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, FY 2000-01 (P.L. 106-113), to change the 
semiannual report on Embassy construction and security program 
to an annual report.
Section 1008. Services for Children with Autism at Overseas Missions.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to conduct a 
study in countries where the U.S. has at least one mission to 
determine the availability of programs that address the needs 
of children with autism and provide a report of the study to 
Congress within 30 days of completion of the study. This report 
will include the estimated number of incidences of autism among 
dependents of Foreign Service Officers and Specialists, and an 
analysis of the possibility of establishing ``Educational 
Centers of Excellence'' for such dependents.
    According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism is 
growing rapidly in the United States and worldwide. There is no 
known cure for autism, and little is known about its causes, 
although much promising research is being conducted. The 
Committee is concerned that while the State Department's Office 
of Medical Services does make an allowance available for 
Foreign Service Officers to cover certain costs associated with 
addressing autism in dependents, including speech therapy, 
occupational therapy, and special education services, these 
allowances will be effectively used only if speech therapists 
who are English-speaking and pediatric occupational therapists 
skilled in treating the sensory integration disorder which is 
common in autistic children are available to be hired 
privately. The net effect is that Foreign Service Officers with 
autistic children can serve in only an extremely small number 
of overseas posts when their children are young and 
intervention needs are high, for example, the UK, Australia, 
and Brussels. With the growing number of autistic children and 
the need for Foreign Service Officers to be available for 
worldwide service, the Committee believes the Department must 
look at alternatives. The difficulty of frequent moves and the 
social turmoil that goes with it are the same for those in the 
Foreign Service as in the military. The Committee urges the 
Department to coordinate closely with the Department of Defense 
to examine the provision of autism services at DoD overseas 
schools or other possible mechanisms.
Section 1009. Incidence and Prevalence of Autism Worldwide.
    This section authorizes $1.5 million for FY 2006 for a 
study of the incidence of autism worldwide. It asks the 
Secretary of State to work with the United Nations Children's 
Fund (UNICEF) to use the ``voice and vote'' of the United 
States to urge the conduct of a worldwide study on autism 
spectrum disorders generally referred to as ``autism.''
    According to the CDC, studies done in Europe and Asia 
indicate as many as two out of every 1,000 children have some 
type of autism, but there have been no comprehensive studies of 
the worldwide incidence of autism.
    UNICEF is the lead agency for monitoring the child-related 
Millennium Development Goals, and plays a leading role in 
strengthening methodologies for the measurement and assessment 
of key indicators related to the goals of ``A World Fit for 
Children,'' and other global commitments. UNICEF already 
produces statistics globally and by country and provides a tool 
for generating customized statistical tables. The statistical 
tool includes economic and social data from 195 countries and 
territories, with particular reference to children's well-
being. These statistics are derived from UNICEF's flagship 
publication, The State of the World's Children 2005.
    The provision requires a report to be provided by the 
UNICEF Executive Board and forwarded to participating 
governments containing the findings of the study and any 
necessary recommendations.
Section 1010. Internet Jamming.
    This section requires the BBG to submit to Congress a 
report on the status of state-sponsored and state-directed 
Internet jamming by repressive foreign governments. This report 
will include information concerning which countries, or quasi-
government organizations are involved in such jamming.
Section 1011. Department of State Employment Composition.
    This section amends section 324 of the Foreign Relations 
Act, Fiscal Year 2003 to extend a report on the employment and 
promotion of minority groups and women at the Department of 
State in both the Foreign Service and Civil Service. The 
provision also requires that the report include information 
regarding the numbers and percentages of contacts entered into 
by the Department of State with small, minority-owned and 
disadvantaged businesses.
Section 1012. Incitement to Acts of Discrimination.
    This section amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to 
require the Secretary of State to expand reporting in the 
Department's annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 
to include reports, when applicable, for each country a 
description of the nature and extent of propaganda in foreign 
government and foreign government controlled media and other 
sources that attempt to justify or promote racial hatred or 
incite acts of violence against any race or people and a 
description of the actions, if any, taken by that government to 
eliminate such propaganda. To improve the capacity of State 
Department personnel in fulfilling the requirements of this 
section, the Committee recommends that instruction in 
identifying, combating, and repudiating anti-Semitic rhetoric 
and incitement be provided as part of the training for members 
of the Foreign Service.
Section 1013. Child Marriage.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to provide to 
the appropriate Congressional Committees not later than 180 
days after enactment, a one-time report regarding the practice 
of the custom of child marriage around the world. The report 
will include sections for each country in which child marriage 
is documented. Each country section must include a description 
of efforts by the government, if any, to revise laws and 
practices to eliminate child marriage, and actions taken by the 
State Department and other agencies to encourage the government 
to eliminate child marriage.
    UNICEF reports that in some countries half of all girls are 
married by the age of 18 because of poverty, tradition and 
family pressure. Child marriages are most common in sub-Saharan 
Africa and South Asia, where poverty, traditional taboos about 
pre-marital sex, and fears of AIDS are widespread.
Section 1014. Magen David Adom Society.
    This section amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act 
of 2003 (P.L. 107-228) to reflect the U.S. efforts to obtain 
full membership and recognition of the Magen David Adom Society 
in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It 
also requires the Secretary of State to report on U.S. efforts 
to obtain full membership for the Magen David Adom Society in 
the Movement; efforts by the International Committee of the Red 
Cross to obtain full membership for the Magen David Adom 
Society in the Movement; efforts of the High Contracting 
Parties to the Geneva Convention to adopt the October 12, 2000 
draft additional protocol which would accord international 
recognition to an additional distinctive emblem, the absence of 
which has been a serious impediment to the Magen David Adom 
Society's bid for full membership in the Movement; the extent 
to which the Magen David Adom Society is participating in the 
activities of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent 
Movement; the extent to which the Magen David Adom Society is 
participating in the activities of the Movement; and efforts by 
any state, member, or official of the Movement to prevent, 
obstruct or place conditions on the adoption of the additional 
protocol or the full participation of the Magen David Adom in 
the Movement.
Section 1015. Developments in and Policy Toward Indonesia.
    This section recognizes the remarkable progress in 
democratization and decentralization in Indonesia, expresses 
concern about continuing human rights violations by Indonesian 
security forces, and takes note of the situation in Papua. In 
general, it reflects underlying sentiments that reform of 
Indonesian security forces is important to consolidating 
democratic gains and protecting human rights, and that robust 
implementation of special autonomy holds the best chance of 
promoting peace and stability in the conflict-torn provinces of 
Aceh and Papua. It requires an annual report by the State 
Department on the implementation of special autonomy for Aceh 
and Papua, and a report on the 1969 ``Act of Free Choice,'' 
wherein selected Papuan elders elected to remain part of 
Indonesia.
Section 1016. Murders of United States Citizens John Branchizio, Mark 
        Parson, and John Marin Linde.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress regarding the 
October 2003 murders of U.S. citizens John Branchizio, Mark 
Parson, and John Marin Linde.
    Subsection (a) presents findings regarding the October 2003 
murders of three United States citizens, John Branchizio, Mark 
Parson, and John Marin Linde, in Gaza. Subsection (b) is a 
sense of Congress asserting, among other things, that the 
continued inability or unwillingness of the Palestinian 
Authority (PA) to pursue aggressively the murderers of the 
three U.S. citizens and bring them to justice calls into 
question the PA's viability as a U.S. partner in resolving the 
Palestinian-Israeli conflict. It also asserts that future U.S. 
assistance to the PA may be affected, and the continued 
operation of the PLO Representative Office in Washington may be 
jeopardized if the PA does not fully and effectively cooperate 
in bringing the murderers to justice.
    Subsection (c) requires the Secretary of State to submit a 
report to the appropriate Congressional Committees within 30 
days after the date of the enactment of this act, and every 120 
day thereafter. The report shall include a description of 
efforts by the U.S. to bring the murderers to justice, a 
detailed assessment of efforts by the PA to bring the murderers 
to justice, an assessment as to whether the PA's efforts 
constitute ``the best possible effort,'' and a description of 
any additional steps or initiatives requested or recommended by 
the U.S. that were not pursued by the PA. In accordance with 
subsection (d), this report will no longer be required if the 
Secretary of State certifies that the murderers have been 
identified, arrested, and brought to justice.
Section 1017. Diplomatic Relations with Israel.
    Finding that 33 countries have no diplomatic relations with 
Israel, this section expresses a sense of Congress that the 
U.S. should assist Israel in its efforts to establish 
diplomatic relations. It also requires the Secretary of State 
to report 90 days after enactment and annually thereafter on 
actions taken by the U.S. to encourage other countries to 
establish full diplomatic relations with Israel, including 
specific responses solicited and received from countries that 
do not have diplomatic relations with Israel.
Section 1018. Tax Enforcement in Colombia.
    This section requires that the Secretary of State, no later 
than 90 days after the date of enactment of this act, submit to 
the appropriate Congressional Committees a report which details 
the challenges that the Colombian Government faces in enforcing 
its tax code. The report should include specific information 
such as estimates of current tax revenue as a percentage of 
Colombia's gross domestic product, an estimate of potential 
revenue if tax laws were fully enforced, and a discussion of 
the potential uses for such revenue to achieve the objectives 
of Plan Colombia.
    The Committee notes that the World Bank reportedly 
indicates that Colombia collected 10.1 percent of its Gross 
Domestic Product as taxes in 1998, which is significantly lower 
than the United States (20.4 percent) and most of the 
developing world; that a subsequent increase to 14 percent of 
Colombia's GDP was fueled largely by a one-time tax assessed to 
wealthy Colombians; that even 14 percent still ranks Colombia 
remarkably low for a country facing an internal armed conflict 
and poverty rates approaching 60 percent; that of Colombia's 
population of 44 million, only 800,000 pay any income taxes; 
and that few Colombian municipalities have proven capable of 
enforcing their constitutional authority to collect property 
taxes from large landholders. The Committee believes that this 
report will provide it with the information necessary to 
accurately discuss and address this matter.
Section 1019. Provision of Consular and Visa Services in Pristina, 
        Kosova.
    This section requires the Secretary of State to provide a 
report 90 days after enactment of this act describing the 
possibility of providing consular and visa services at the U.S. 
Office in Pristina, Kosovo (USOP) to residents of Kosovo.
Section 1020. Democracy in Pakistan.
    This section supports the Administration's policy of 
promoting democracy by requiring an annual report for fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007 on the extent to which the Government of 
Pakistan has restored a fully functional democracy in which 
free, fair, and transparent elections are held. The Committee 
remains concerned that Pakistan's democratization process is 
moving too slowly and needs to accelerate considerably.
Section 1021. Status of the Sovereignty of Lebanon.
    This provision consists of four subsections. Subsection (a) 
expresses a sense of Congress concerning matters discussed in 
the reporting requirement set out in subsection (b). It 
emphasizes the need for all parties in the Middle East and 
internationally to support implementation of U.N. Security 
Council Resolution 1559 (2004), which calls for ``strict 
respect'' for Lebanon's sovereignty, territorial integrity, 
unity, and political independence ``under the sole and 
exclusive authority of the Government of Lebanon throughout 
Lebanon''; calls upon all remaining foreign forces to withdraw 
from Lebanon; calls for the ``disbanding and disarmament of all 
Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias''; and supports the 
extension of the control of the Government of Lebanon over all 
Lebanese territory. These concerns reflect the Committee's 
sense of urgency--especially to see Hezbollah disarmed, all 
remaining Syrian security and intelligence personnel removed 
from Lebanon, and Lebanese forces in full control of Lebanon's 
borders so as to prevent anti-Israel provocations from the 
southern border and to stanch the flow of arms to Hezbollah, 
particularly from Lebanon's eastern border with Syria.
    This subsection states that the U.S. and its allies should 
consider providing training and other assistance to the 
Lebanese armed forces to enhance their ability to disarm 
Hezbollah and other militias and stanch the flow of arms to 
Hezbollah and other militias. It also warns that future U.S. 
assistance to Lebanon may be affected if Lebanon does not make 
every effort to disarm militias, including Hezbollah, and to 
deny them re-armament.
    Subsection (b) requires the Secretary of State to submit a 
report no later than 120 days after enactment of this act, and 
every 180 days thereafter, describing and evaluating: 1) the 
extent to which armed militias continue to operate in Lebanon 
and the Government of Lebanon's progress toward disbanding and 
disarming these militias; 2) the extent to which the Lebanese 
Government is committed to disbanding and disarming Hezbollah 
and other militias and stanching the flow of arms to Hezbollah 
and other militias; 3) the progress of the Lebanese armed 
forces in deploying and taking full control of all of Lebanon's 
borders; 4) the extent to which countries in the region attempt 
to direct arms to Lebanon-based militias or allow their 
territory to be traversed for this purpose and the extent to 
which these armament efforts succeed; 5) the routes and means 
used by external sources attempting to supply arms to Lebanon-
based militias and the countries that are involved in these 
efforts; 6) the efforts of the U.S. and its allies to 
facilitate the process of disbanding and disarming Lebanon-
based militias and stanching the flow of weapons to them; and 
7) any recommendations for legislation to support the 
disbanding and disarming of Lebanon-based militias.
    Subsection (c) says that the report required by subsection 
(b) should be submitted in unclassified form and may contain a 
classified annex if necessary.
    Subsection (d) provides that the requirement to submit the 
report specified in subsection (b) shall no longer apply if the 
Secretary certifies to the appropriate Congressional Committees 
that all Lebanon-based militias have been disbanded and 
disarmed and that the Lebanese armed forces are deployed to and 
in full control of Lebanon's borders.
Section 1022. Activities of International Terrorist Organizations in 
        Latin America and the Caribbean.
    This section finds: That activities by international 
terrorist organizations in countries of the Western Hemisphere 
are a threat to the U.S.; that international terrorist 
organizations such as Hezbollah and Hamas have taken advantage 
of the weak rule-of-law in some Latin American and Caribbean 
countries; and, that the U.S. should work with countries in the 
region to expose and prevent activities by these terrorist 
organizations.
    The provision requires a one-time report 180 days after 
enactment of this act on the activities of international 
terrorist organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean. The 
report is to be submitted in unclassified form but may contain 
a classified annex.
Section 1023. Analysis of Employing Weapons Scientists from the Former 
        Soviet Union in Project Bioshield.
    This section requires a report from the Secretary of State, 
consulting with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, by 
November 1, 2006, that will include:
    (1) an analysis of the scientific and technological 
contributions that former bioweapons scientists could make to 
the research and development of biomedical countermeasures; the 
cost-effectiveness of those methods of employing the services 
of such scientists; and the desirability and national security 
implications of providing employment opportunities for such 
scientists biomedical countermeasures against biological 
weapons; and
    (2) recommendations for appropriate legislation to address 
the issues analyzed in the report.
Section 1024. Extradition of Violent Criminals from Mexico to the 
        United States.
    This section details the impediments to extradition of 
violent criminals from Mexico to the United States resulting 
from a 2001 decision by Mexico's Supreme Court barring the 
extradition of Mexican nationals to countries where they may 
face life sentences without the possibility of parole. The 
provision acknowledges positive cooperation between the 
Government of the United States and the Government of Mexico. 
The provision establishes a sense of Congress that the 
Government of the United States should encourage the Government 
of Mexico to continue to work closely with the Mexican Supreme 
Court to urge the Court to re-visit its October 2001 ruling so 
that the possibility of life imprisonment without parole will 
not have an effect on the timely extradition of criminal 
suspects from Mexico to the United States.
    The provision requires the Secretary of State to submit an 
annual report to Congress detailing the status of extraditions 
of Mexican nationals requested by the United States and the 
status of extraditions of U.S. nationals requested by Mexico. 
The report may contain a classified annex to protect sensitive 
information.
Section 1025. Actions of the 661 Committee.
    This section requires a one-time report, no later than 4 
months after the enactment of this act, from the Secretary of 
State on United States decisions, actions, communications, and 
deliberations in the 661 Committee of the United Nations 
concerning overpricing of contracts, kickbacks from sales of 
humanitarian goods, efforts to correct and revalue the 
contracts in the post-Saddam era, oil smuggling, and trade 
protocols. The report will also examine how the U.S. made its 
decisions in the 661 Committee and will identify the officials 
involved in making those decisions. The report will also 
include information detailing positions on these issues held by 
other members of the 661 Committee. The report will be 
accompanied by all supporting documents regarding the 
aforementioned decisions, actions, communications, and 
deliberations. The Committee accepts that some of this material 
may need to be delivered in classified form; however, it 
expects that some of this report will also be unclassified.
    United Nations Security Council Resolution 661 imposed 
comprehensive sanctions on Iraq after its 1990 invasion of 
Kuwait. The Security Council established a committee, comprised 
of the 15 members of the Security Council, to oversee these 
sanctions. This committee became known as the ``661 
Committee.'' After the Oil-for-Food program was created in 
1996, the 661 Committee also administered and oversaw the 
program's operations, including the approval of contracts 
related to the program. As a permanent member of the Security 
Council, the U.S. was a member of the 661 Committee throughout 
its existence.
    The Committee believes that by providing detailed insights 
into the operations and dynamics of the 661 Committee, this 
report will be an important contribution into its continuing 
investigation into the U.N., the Oil-for-Food program, the 
actions of the 661 Committee, and other issues surrounding the 
sanctions on Iraq.
Section 1026. Elimination of Report on Real Estate Transactions.
    The Department requests that the requirement for this 
separate report be eliminated because sales information is 
already, and will continue to be, transmitted to Congress on an 
annual basis in Department of State budget presentation 
documents, specifically in the Overseas Building Office (OBO) 
Congressional Budget Justification (CBJ). The information in 
the OBO CBJ reflects the actual receipts collected from sales 
(not the sales or contract amount), which is more useful 
information.

                   TITLE XI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISONS

                     SUBTITLE A--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 1101. Statement of Policy Relating to Democracy in Iran.
    This section recognizes that there is a continuing lack of 
freedom and democracy in Iran and that Iran remains a state 
sponsor of terrorism. The U.S. supports democracy in Iran, and 
condemns the imprisonment and abuse of Iranian civilians who 
express political dissent.
Section 1102. Iranian Nuclear Activities.
    This section finds that Iran is the world's leading state 
sponsor of terrorism, that Iran has called for the destruction 
of Israel, is developing an intermediate-range offensive 
missile capability, and continues to pursue a nuclear weapons 
program while deceiving and denying access to International 
Atomic Energy Agency inspectors. It also finds that Russia 
continues to assist Iran in the construction of a nuclear 
facility and in the supply of nuclear fuel. The ensuing 
Statement of Congress calls upon G-8 Governments to insist that 
Russia cease all nuclear assistance to Iran and make continued 
Russian G-8 membership contingent upon the termination of such 
assistance.
Section 1103. Location of International Institutions in Africa.
    This section calls for international organizations and 
institutions in Africa that have moved from their original 
locations for reasons of security to return once security has 
improved, and authorizes the Secretary of State to begin 
consultations with such parties to determine the feasibility of 
returning such organizations and institutions to the regions in 
which they were originally headquartered. It pertains to the 
temporary relocation of the African Development Bank from 
Abidjan to Tunisia due to the civil unrest in Cote d'Ivoire.
Section 1104. Benjamin Gilman International Scholarship Program.
    This section provides for an increase in the Gilman 
International Scholarship Program from $1,500,000 to 
$4,000,000. The reason for increasing the authorization level 
is to keep pace with the increases in the appropriations made 
for this highly successful academic program.
    The International Academic Opportunity Act of 2000 (Title 
III of P.L. 106-309) established awards for undergraduate study 
abroad. This scholarship program provides grants for U.S. 
undergraduate students who are receiving Federal Pell Grant 
funding at a 2-year or 4-year college or university to 
participate in study abroad programs worldwide.
Section 1105. Prohibition on Commemorations Relating to Leaders of 
        Imperial Japan.
    This section forbids the Department of State and its 
missions abroad from engaging in any activity, such as the 
celebration of Showa holiday, which may serve to commemorate 
the leaders if Imperial Japan connected to the attack on the 
U.S. Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941.
Section 1106. United States Policy Regarding World Bank Group Loans to 
        Iran.
    U.S. law requires the U.S. Executive Directors of 
international financial institutions of the World Bank Group to 
use voice and vote to oppose loans to the Iranian regime. 
However, without the cooperation of U.S. allies, such World 
Bank Group assistance continues to be afforded to Iran.
    Subsection (a) therefore directs the Secretary of State, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, to work to 
secure the support of the governments of the countries 
represented in the decision-making bodies of these 
international financial institutions (IFIs), to oppose any 
further IFI activity in Iran until this state-sponsor of 
terrorism abandons its nuclear program. Subsection (b) requires 
the Secretary of State to notify the appropriate Congressional 
Committees within 30 days of initiating these efforts.
Section 1107. Statement of Policy Regarding Support for SECI Regional 
        Center for Combating Trans-Border Crime.
    This section expresses that it is the policy of the United 
States to continue to support the activities of the Southeast 
European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) Regional Center for 
Combating Trans-border Crime, located in Bucharest, Romania.
    The SECI Regional Center for Combating Trans-Border Crime 
facilitates the exchange of law enforcement data and fosters 
cooperation between police, customs officers and prosecutors in 
matters involving transnational crime. The twelve member states 
of SECI, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, 
Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia 
and Montenegro, and Turkey, assign police and customs officers 
to the Regional Center where they undertake coordinated 
investigations and operations through six task forces. The task 
forces are concerned with combating trafficking in human 
beings, drug trafficking, financial and computer crimes, auto 
theft, smuggling and fraud, and terrorism. The Regional Center 
also provides training for police and customs officers and 
integrates its work with other international organizations 
including the World Customs Organization and Interpol. Fifteen 
permanent observer states, including the United States, France, 
Germany, the U.K., and Canada provide technical and financial 
support to the SECI Regional Center. It is critical that the 
U.S. continues to support this effective regional crime 
fighting organization which also serves as a bridge to support 
similar law enforcement activities throughout the Caucasus and 
Central Asia.
Section 1108. Statement of Policy Urging Turkey to Respect the Rights 
        and Religious Freedoms of the Ecumenical Patriarch.
    This section sets out certain findings and a statement of 
policy with respect to the rights and religious freedoms of the 
Ecumenical Patriarch.
    The Turkish Government continues to limit religious freedom 
in certain important ways, including with respect to the Greek 
Orthodox Church. The Halki Island Seminary, the Ecumenical 
Patriarchate's institution of higher learning, has been closed 
since 1971, when the Turkish Government nationalized all 
private education institutions. As a result, for over 30 years, 
the Ecumenical Patriarchate has been denied a place, under its 
control, to train the next generation of Orthodox clergy. The 
Turkish Government continues to expropriate churches and other 
properties formerly in the possession of the Patriarchate, and 
has not paid compensation for those properties. Other 
limitations on religious freedom also exist. For example, all 
clergy in Turkey, including Muslim clergy, are prohibited from 
wearing ``religious garb'' in public. Thus, the Ecumenical 
Patriarch and all metropolitans and priests are prohibited from 
wearing hats, robes, medals, and other garments which indicate 
their religious office.
    Turkey's policy is that all religious institutions on its 
territory should be run as Turkish institutions and be headed 
by Turkish nationals; accordingly, the Turkish Government 
denies the Ecumenical status of the Patriarch and requires that 
the Patriarch be a Turkish citizen. This severely limits the 
field of viable candidates. This policy, established in 1923 at 
the birth of the modern Turkish state, in part reflected 
Turkish concerns about Greece's post-World War I bid to 
establish sovereignty in part of Western Anatolia. Today, it 
serves to limit foreign religious influences of all sorts, 
including jihadist Islam. Turkey probably would have difficulty 
relaxing some of its restrictions on non-Muslim religions while 
it maintains its controls on Islamic practice.
    In contemporary times, however, the Greek Orthodox 
population of Turkey has shrunk to well under 10,000. Thanks to 
a 6-year-old Greek-Turkish rapprochement embraced as a 
strategic objective by both of Greece's major political 
parties, the prospect of Greek-Turkish hostilities is remote. 
Therefore, to the degree that Ankara's restrictive policy 
towards the Patriarchate still relates to a fear of 
irredentism, it is now anachronistic. For that and other 
reasons relating to the exercise of fundamental rights in 
accordance with European human rights standards, that policy 
should be discarded.
Section 1109. Statement of Policy Regarding the Murder of United States 
        citizen John M. Alvis.
    This section calls upon the Government of Azerbaijan to 
continue to investigate the murder of John M. Alvis, an 
employee of the International Republican Institute in Baku, 
Azerbaijan, when he was murdered on November 30, 2000, and to 
make this issue a priority item in relations between the 
Government of the United States and the Government of 
Azerbaijan. This section states that Congress appreciates the 
efforts of the Government of Azerbaijan to find the murderer or 
murderers of John M. Alvis and urges the Department of State to 
continue to make this issue a priority and raise it in 
bilateral communications.
Section 1110. Statement of Congress and Policy with Respect to the 
        Disenfranchisement of Women.
    Subsection (a) contains a finding that, following Kuwait's 
May 2005 parliamentary decision to enfranchise its female 
citizens, Saudi Arabia is now the only country in the world 
that restricts the franchise and the right to hold office to 
men only. Subsection (b) contains a statement of Congress 
condemning the disenfranchisement of women in Saudi Arabia and 
calls on the Government of that country to promulgate a law 
that grants women the right to vote and run for office. 
Subsection (c) is a policy statement encouraging the President 
of the United States to take appropriate action, including a 
downgrading of diplomatic relations, to encourage countries 
that disenfranchise women to grant women the right to vote and 
hold office.

                SUBTITLE B--SENSE OF CONGRESS PROVISIONS

Section 1111. Korean Fulbright Programs.
    This section calls for participation in the Fulbright 
Program by students from throughout South Korea, who represent 
a broad range of educational institutions, educational programs 
and courses of study.
Section 1112. United States Relations with Taiwan.
    This section supports the issuance of visas to high-level 
Taiwanese officials to visit the United States on official 
business. In 1994, the Immigration and Nationality Technical 
Corrections Act of 1994 (P.L. 103-416) made visas available for 
officials of Taiwan for specified circumstances.
    Although diplomats traveling to the United States are 
routinely issued A-1 visas, Taiwanese officials are typically 
granted ``transit visas,'' such as in the case of President 
Chen Shui-bian's trip in May 2001. Likewise, Vice President 
Lu's 3-day visit to New York City in June 2002 was officially 
designated as a ``stopover.''
Section 1113. Nuclear Proliferation and A.Q. Khan.
    This section recognizes Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan's role as a 
nuclear arms trafficker and China's involvement in the 
trafficking network by providing Khan with nuclear weapons 
designs. The arms trafficking network established by Khan 
assisted Iran, North Korea, and Libya with their nuclear 
weapons programs with uranium-enrichment technology. The 
provision states the sense of the Congress that the United 
States should continue efforts to dismantle the illegal 
international nuclear proliferation network created by Khan; 
counter the proliferation of WMD from Pakistan to other 
countries; request and be given access to interview Khan and 
his associates; and take the necessary steps to ensure that 
Pakistan has verifiably halted nuclear technology cooperation 
with any country.
Section 1114. Palestinian Textbooks.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress regarding 
Palestinian education. It consists of four findings and a sense 
of Congress regarding Palestinian education. Subsection (a) 
finds the Palestinian Authority's (PA) ongoing textbook reform 
inadequate, since new textbooks include references to the 
Protocols of the Elders of Zion, fail to acknowledge Israel's 
existence, and fail to discuss Jews in sections dealing with 
religious tolerance. Subsection (b) is a sense of Congress 
stating that the Secretary of State should express in the 
strongest possible terms U.S. opposition to the inclusion in 
Palestinian textbooks of materials that foster anti-Semitism 
and rejection of peace with Israel. It also calls on the 
Secretary to express U.S. unwillingness to support, directly or 
indirectly, PA educational programs if the PA continues to 
include material which does not foster tolerance and peace.
Section 1115. International Convention Affirming the Human Rights and 
        Dignity of Person with Disabilities.
    This section calls upon the United States to play a leading 
role in the drafting of an international convention affirming 
the human rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. In 
addition, the provision urges the President to authorize the 
Secretary of State to include leaders of the U.S. disability 
rights movement in the U.S. delegation to the Sixth Session, 
and subsequent sessions, of the United Nations Ad Hoc Committee 
on a Comprehensive and Integral Convention on the Protection 
and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with 
Disabilities.
Section 1116. Fulbright Scholarships for East Asia and the Pacific.
    This section consists of two findings and a sense of the 
Congress regarding the Fulbright Scholarships to Pacific 
Islands students. The provision recognizes that of the 13,176 
Fulbright Scholarships from 1949-2003 only 31 were awarded to 
Pacific Islands students and none of the 315 scholarships 
awarded in 2003-2004 went to those students. Furthermore, the 
provision requests the Department of State conduct a review and 
submit to Congress a report regarding the marginalization of 
Pacific Islands students in the awarding of Fulbright 
Scholarships.
Section 1117. Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Energy Pipeline.
    This section consists of six findings and a sense of 
Congress regarding the development of the east-west Baku-
Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline. The provision supports the 
development of oil and natural gas resources in the Caspian Sea 
region. Furthermore, the provision congratulates the people of 
the Caspian Sea region for the completion of the BTC pipeline, 
and expresses the support of the U.S. for the continuous 
development of the east-west corridor.
Section 1118. Legislation Requiring the Fair, Comprehensive, and 
        Nondiscriminatory Restitution of Private Property Confiscated 
        in Poland.
    This section contains findings regarding the history of 
private property seizure by the Nazis in Poland and of the 
unsuccessful effort by the Polish Government to develop and 
enact legislation to compensate individuals whose property was 
seized. It also encourages the President and the Secretary of 
State to maintain a dialogue with the Government of Poland 
regarding this issue.
    The United States has stressed that uniform, fair, non-
discriminatory, and complete restitution is a prerequisite both 
to adequate establishment of the rule-of-law and to the 
safeguarding of religious and minority rights and freedoms. 
While there has been significant success in some instances in 
Central Europe, there are other areas where no progress has 
been registered. Poland has made significant progress on 
communal property returns. But, Poland has not enacted any 
legislation providing for the restitution of, or compensation 
for, wrongly confiscated private property, despite assurances 
from the highest levels of the government that it would do so. 
Although a draft law is currently pending before the Sejm, 
several other drafts have failed to pass the parliament or have 
been vetoed by the Polish President. It is therefore critical 
that the United States remain engaged on this issue until such 
time as an adequate private property law is adopted and fully 
implemented.
Section 1119. Child Labor Practices in the Cocoa Sectors of Cote 
        D'Ivoire and Ghana.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that commends 
the Governments of Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana for taking tangible 
steps to address child labor in the cocoa industry, encourages 
them to consider as top priority child labor and forced labor 
issues, recognizes the voluntary protocol and ILO convention 
182, encourages governments, NGOs, and the chocolate industry 
to continue developing a child labor monitoring system, and 
calls on the State Department to assist the two governments in 
preventing trafficking of persons into the cocoa fields and 
other industries in West Africa.
Section 1120. Contributions of Iraqi Kurds.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress commending the 
Iraqi Kurds for their many contributions to, and sacrifices 
for, the cause of achieving a free, stable, and democratic 
Iraq. These contributions and sacrifices include their fighting 
alongside U.S. troops in the war against Saddam, where they 
suffered more casualties than any group other than the U.S. 
military. The Iraqi Kurdish leadership also has made 
constructive contributions toward establishing an effective 
Iraqi Government by participating fully in the central 
government and playing a central role in the drafting and 
passage of the Transitional Administrative Law. This provision 
also points out that the Iraqi Transitional Government and the 
Kurdistan Regional Government are expected to adhere to the 
highest standards of democratic governance, including through 
enforcement of full equality and rights for all religions and 
ethnic minorities, such as Assyrians and Turcomans, two groups 
who have at times complained of their treatment by the regional 
government in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Section 1121. Proliferation Security Initiative.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that: (1) the 
Secretary of State should strive to expand and strengthen the 
Proliferation Security Initiative announced on May 31, 2003, by 
President George W. Bush, placing particular emphasis on 
including countries outside of the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (NATO); and (2) the United States should seek an 
international instrument, in the form of a United Nations 
Security Council resolution, multilateral treaty, or other 
agreement, to enhance international co-operation with the 
Proliferation Security Initiative regarding the interdiction, 
seizure, and impoundment in international waters and airspace 
of illicit shipments of weapons of mass destruction and their 
delivery systems and of related materials, equipment, and 
technology.
Section 1122. Security of Nuclear Weapons and Materials.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that the 
President should seek to devise and implement standards to 
improve the security of nuclear weapons and materials by 
establishing with other willing nations a set of guidelines 
containing performance-based standards for the security of 
nuclear weapons and materials, as well as appropriate 
verification measures to assure ongoing compliance. The 
Committee also urges the President to work with those nations 
and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to strongly 
encourage other nations to adopt and verifiably implement the 
standards and to complete the negotiation, adoption, and 
implementation of the IAEA's proposed series of documents 
related to the security of nuclear materials.
Section 1123. International Criminal Court and Genocide in Darfur, 
        Sudan.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that, 
notwithstanding the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 
2002, the United States should render assistance to the 
International Criminal Court's (ICC) efforts to bring to 
justice foreign nationals accused of genocide, war crimes, or 
crimes against humanity in Darfur, Sudan, provided that legally 
binding assurances have been received from the U.N. Security 
Council or the ICC that no current or former United States 
Government official, employee, member of the United States 
Armed Forces, or United States national will be subject to 
prosecution by the ICC in connection with those efforts.
Section 1124. Action Against Al-Manar Television.
    This section consists of two subsections. Subsection (a) 
points out that al-Manar television is owned and controlled by 
Hezbollah, which the Secretary of State designated a Foreign 
Terrorist Organization in 1996. Programming on al-Manar openly 
promotes hatred of Americans, Israelis and Jews, and glorifies 
and incites violence, including suicide bombings, against them. 
As background, it should be pointed out that al-Manar promotes 
hatred in a singularly overt, crude, and graphic fashion. This 
subsection further points out that al-Manar continues to 
broadcast to all of the Arab world, much of non-Arab Asia, most 
of Central and South America, and parts of Europe, with the 
cooperation of companies headquartered in Europe and the Arab 
world.
    Subsection (b) expresses a sense of Congress that all 
countries that host satellite companies that broadcast al-
Manar, on whose territory al-Manar may be viewed over media 
subject to government regulation, or where advertising or other 
financial support for al-Manar originates, should take action 
to suppress al-Manar's programming. This subsection also calls 
on the Arab States Broadcasting Union, which is part of the 
Arab League, to revoke al-Manar's membership status based on 
al-Manar's promotion of hatred and incitement to violence.
Section 1125. Stability and Security in Iraq.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that the 
President should transmit, as soon as possible, the plan to 
provide for a stable and secure Government of Iraq and an Iraqi 
military force that will allow the United States military 
presence in Iraq to be diminished. The section was modified, by 
unanimous consent, from the text originally laid before the 
Committee so that it no longer necessarily implies either the 
current existence or non-existence of such a plan. The 
Committee accepts that the Administration believes it has 
already provided a plan; many members share that view. The 
Administration has emphasized its commitment to the training 
and equipping of Iraqi security forces and the development of a 
viable political and economic structure in Iraq. Certain 
members, however, believe that the Administration's 
presentation does not add up to an overall plan or that the 
plan is not adequately clear or specific.
Section 1126. Property Expropriated by the Government of Ethiopia.
    This section expresses a sense of Congress that the 
Government of Ethiopia should account for, compensate, or 
return to U.S. citizens, property that has been nationalized or 
otherwise seized by the Government of Ethiopia in contravention 
of international law.

                International Federation of Accountants

    Established in 1977 at the 11th World Conference of 
Accountants in Munich Germany, the International Federation of 
Accountants (IFAC) is comprised of 163 member organizations 
from 119 countries representing 2.5 million accountants from 
public practice, industry and commerce, government and 
academia. In 2004, IFAC and the United Nations Conference on 
Trade and Development (UNCTAD) entered into a Memorandum of 
Understanding whereby both organizations agreed to work on 
education, corporate governance, and other matters related to 
strengthening the worldwide accountancy profession and 
contributing to the development of strong international 
economies by establishing and promoting adherence to high-
quality professional standards. IFAC accounting professionals 
visit the United States for conferences, study, and other 
issues related to IFAC's mission such as the recent MOU between 
IFAC and the United Nations. The Committee recommends that the 
Department conduct a review of the work performed by IFAC and 
submit a report to the Committee that: (a) describes whether 
and if so how IFAC's activities promote U.S. priorities 
relating to transparency and good governance and (b) provides a 
recommendation on whether IFAC should be designated as an 
international organization for purposes of applicable U.S. law.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change 
is proposed is shown in roman):

              CHAPTER 203 OF TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE

                   CHAPTER 203--ARREST AND COMMITMENT

Sec.
3041.    Power of courts and magistrates.
     * * * * * * *
3064.    Powers of special agents in the Department of State and the 
          Foreign Service.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 3064. Powers of special agents in the Department of State and the 
                    Foreign Service

    Whoever knowingly and willfully obstructs, resists, or 
interferes with a Federal law enforcement agent engaged in the 
performance of the protective functions authorized by section 
37 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 or by 
section 103 of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 shall be fined under this title or 
imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
                              ----------                              


             STATE DEPARTMENT BASIC AUTHORITIES ACT OF 1956

                  TITLE I--BASIC AUTHORITIES GENERALLY

                ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    Section 1. (a)  * * *
    (b) Under Secretaries.--
            (1)  * * *
            (2) Under secretary for arms control and 
        international security.--[There]
                    (A) In general.--There shall be in the 
                Department of State, among the Under 
                Secretaries authorized by paragraph (1), an 
                Under Secretary for Arms Control and 
                International Security, who shall assist the 
                Secretary and the Deputy Secretary in matters 
                related to international security policy, arms 
                control, and nonproliferation. Subject to the 
                direction of the President, the Under Secretary 
                may attend and participate in meetings of the 
                National Security Council in his role as Senior 
                Advisor to the President and the Secretary of 
                State on Arms Control and Nonproliferation 
                Matters.
                    (B) Duties.--The Under Secretary for Arms 
                Control and International Security shall be 
                responsible for--
                            (i) coordinating and executing a 
                        United States strategy for 
                        strengthening multilateral export 
                        controls;
                            (ii) coordinating the activities of 
                        all bureaus and offices of the 
                        Department of State that have 
                        responsibility for export control 
                        policy, licensing, or assistance; and
                            (iii) serving as the chairperson of 
                        the Strategic Export Control Board 
                        established under section 712 of the 
                        Strategic Export Control and Security 
                        Assistance Act of 2005.
                    (C) Deputy under secretary for strategic 
                export control.--There shall be in the 
                Department of State a Deputy Under Secretary 
                for Strategic Export Control who shall have 
                primary responsibility to assist the Under 
                Secretary for Arms Control and International 
                Security in carrying out the responsibility of 
                the Under Secretary described in subparagraph 
                (B)(iii).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (4) Under secretary of state for democracy and 
        global affairs.--There shall be in the Department of 
        State, among the Under Secretaries authorized by 
        paragraph (1), an Under Secretary of State for 
        Democracy and Global Affairs, who shall have primary 
        responsibility to assist the Secretary and the Deputy 
        Secretary in the formulation and implementation of 
        United States policies and activities relating to the 
        transition to and development of democracy in 
        nondemocratic countries and to coordinate United States 
        policy on global issues, including issues related to 
        human rights, women's rights, freedom of religion, 
        labor standards and relations, the preservation of the 
        global environment, the status and protection of the 
        oceans, scientific cooperation, narcotics control, law 
        enforcement, population issues, refugees, migration, 
        war crimes, and trafficking in persons. The Secretary 
        may assign such other responsibilities to the Under 
        Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate or necessary. In 
        particular, the Under Secretary shall have the 
        following responsibilities:
                    (A) Coordinating with the Under Secretary 
                for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs and 
                officers and employees from the regional 
                bureaus of the Department of State to promote 
                the transition to democracy in nondemocratic 
                countries and strengthen development of 
                democracy in countries that are in transition 
                to democracy.
                    (B) Advising the Secretary regarding any 
                recommendation requested by any official of any 
                other agency that relates to the human rights 
                situation in a foreign country or the effects 
                on human rights or democracy in a foreign 
                country of an agency program of such official.
            [(4)] (5) Nomination of Under Secretaries.--
        Whenever the President submits to the Senate a 
        nomination of an individual for appointment to a 
        position in the Department of State that is described 
        in paragraph (1), the President shall designate the 
        particular Under Secretary position in the Department 
        of State that the individual shall have.
    (c) Assistant Secretaries.--
            (1)  * * *
            (2) Assistant secretary of state for democracy, 
        human rights, and labor.--(A) There shall be in the 
        Department of State an Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor who shall be 
        responsible to the Secretary of State for matters 
        pertaining to human rights and humanitarian affairs 
        (including matters relating to prisoners of war and 
        members of the United States Armed Forces missing in 
        action) in the conduct of foreign policy and such other 
        related duties as the Secretary may from time to time 
        designate. The Assistant Secretary of State for 
        Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor shall also be 
        responsible for matters relating to the transition to 
        and development of democracy in nondemocratic 
        countries, including promoting and strengthening the 
        development of democracy in foreign countries that are 
        in the early stages of a transition to democracy and 
        evaluating the effectiveness of United States programs 
        that promote democracy. The Secretary of State shall 
        carry out the Secretary's responsibility under section 
        502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 through the 
        Assistant Secretary.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 24. (a)  * * *
    (b)(1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (7)(A)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(D) The authorities contained in this section may only be 
exercised to such an extent and in such amounts as specifically 
provided for in advance in appropriations Acts.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 expenses relating to participation in arbitrations of certain disputes

    Sec. 38. (a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (d) International Litigation Fund.--
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (3) Transfers of funds.--Funds received by the 
        Department of State as a result of a decision of an 
        international tribunal, from another agency of the 
        United States Government, or pursuant to the Department 
        of State Appropriations Act of 1937 (49 Stat. 1321, 22 
        U.S.C. 2661) to meet costs of preparing or prosecuting 
        a proceeding before an international tribunal, or a 
        claim by or against a foreign government or other 
        foreign entity, shall be credited to the ILF.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                defense trade controls registration fees

    Sec. 45. For each fiscal year, 100 percent of the 
registration fees collected by the Office of Defense Trade 
Controls of the Department of State shall be credited to a 
Department of State account, to be available without fiscal 
year limitation. Fees credited to that account shall be 
available only for payment of expenses incurred for--
            (1)  * * *
            (2) the automation of defense trade control 
        functions, including compliance and enforcement 
        activities, and the processing of defense trade control 
        license applications, including the development, 
        procurement, and utilization of computer equipment and 
        related software; [and]
            (3) the enhancement of defense trade export 
        compliance and enforcement activities, including 
        compliance audits of United States and foreign parties, 
        the conduct of administrative proceedings, monitoring 
        of end-uses in cases of direct commercial arms sales or 
        other transfers, and cooperation in proceedings for 
        enforcement of criminal laws related to defense trade 
        export controls[.]; and
            (4) functions of the Strategic Export Control Board 
        established under section 712 of the Strategic Export 
        Control and Security Assistance Act of 2005.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                      FOREIGN SERVICE ACT OF 1980

    Section 1. Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the 
``Foreign Service Act of 1980''.
    Sec. 2. Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this 
Act is as follows:

                            TABLE OF CONTENTS

Sec. 1. Short title.
     * * * * * * *

                         Chapter 4--Compensation

     * * * * * * *
Sec. 415. Overseas comparability pay adjustment.

         Chapter 5--Classification of Positions and Assignments

Sec. 501. Classification of positions.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 503. Assignments to agencies, international organizations, and 
          other bodies.]
Sec. 503. Assignments to agencies, international organizations, foreign 
          governments, or other bodies.
     * * * * * * *
Sec. 506. Fellowship of Hope Program.
     * * * * * * *

                   Chapter 6--Promotion and Retention

Sec. 601. Promotions.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 610. Separation for cause.]
Sec. 610. Separation for cause; suspension.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 3--Appointments

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 302. Appointments by the President.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) If an individual (with respect to subsection (a)) or a 
member of the Service (with respect to subsection (b)) is 
appointed by the President to be a chief of mission in a 
country at the time such country is categorized as 
nondemocratic in an Annual Report on Democracy (required under 
section 612(a) of the Advance Democratic Values, Address 
Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005), 
and if such individual or such member has previously served as 
chief of mission in a country that was so categorized, the 
President shall transmit to the Committee on Foreign Relations 
of the Senate a written report summarizing the actions that 
such individual or member took during the period of such prior 
service to promote democracy and human rights in such country, 
including actions in furtherance of the strategy contained in 
such report.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 304. Appointment of Chiefs of Mission.--(a)(1) An 
individual appointed or assigned to be a chief of mission 
should possess clearly demonstrated competence to perform the 
duties of a chief of mission, including, to the maximum extent 
practicable, a useful knowledge of the principal language or 
dialect of the country in which the individual is to serve, and 
knowledge and understanding of the history, the culture, the 
economic and political institutions, and the interests of that 
country and its people. If the country in which the individual 
is to serve is categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent 
Annual Report on Democracy (as required under section 612(a) of 
the Advance Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, 
and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005), the individual should 
possess clearly demonstrated competence in and commitment to 
the promotion of democracy in such country, including 
competence in promoting democratic principles, practices, and 
values through regular interaction with individuals, including 
students and young people within such country, who support and 
advocate such principles, practices, and values.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 309. Limited Appointments.--(a) A limited appointment 
in the Service, including an appointment of an individual who 
is an employee of an agency, may not exceed 5 years in duration 
and, except as provided in [subsection (b)] subsections (b) or 
(c), may not be extended or renewed. A limited appointment in 
the Service which is limited by its terms to a period of one 
year or less is a temporary appointment.
    (b) A limited appointment may be extended for continued 
service--
    (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(3) as a career candidate, if continued service is 
determined appropriate to remedy a matter that would be 
cognizable as a grievance under chapter 11;]
    (3) as a career candidate, if--
            (A) continued service is determined appropriate to 
        remedy a matter that would be cognizable as a grievance 
        under chapter 11; or
            (B) the career candidate is called to military 
        active duty pursuant to the Uniformed Services 
        Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (Public 
        Law 103-353; codified in chapter 43 of title 38, United 
        States Code) and the limited appointment expires in the 
        course of such military active duty;
    (4) as a career employee in another Federal personnel 
system serving in a Foreign Service position on detail from 
another agency; [and]
    (5) as a foreign national employee[.]; and
    (6) in exceptional circumstances where the Secretary 
determines the needs of the Service require the extension of a 
limited appointment--
            (A) for a period of time not to exceed 12 months, 
        provided such period of time does not permit additional 
        review by the boards under section 306; or
            (B) for the minimum time needed to settle a 
        grievance, claim, or complaint not otherwise provided 
        for in this section.
    (c) Noncareer specialist employees who have served five 
consecutive years under a limited appointment may be 
reappointed to a subsequent limited appointment provided there 
is at least a one year break in service before such new 
appointment. This requirement may be waived by the Director 
General in cases of special need.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 4--Compensation

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 405. Performance Pay.--(a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (d) The President may grant awards of performance pay under 
subsection (b)(3) on the basis of annual recommendations by the 
Secretary of State of members of the Senior Foreign Service who 
are nominated by their agencies as having performed especially 
meritorious or distinguished service. Such service in the 
promotion of internationally recognized human rights, including 
the right to freedom of religion, shall serve as a basis for 
granting awards under this section. Meritorious or 
distinguished service in the promotion of democracy in foreign 
countries, including contact with and support of individuals 
and nongovernmental organizations that promote democracy in a 
foreign country categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent 
Annual Report on Democracy (as required under section 612(a) of 
the Advance Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, 
and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005), shall also serve as a basis 
for granting awards under this section. Recommendations by the 
Secretary of State under this subsection shall be made on the 
basis of recommendations by special interagency selection 
boards established by the Secretary of State for the purpose of 
reviewing and evaluating the nominations of agencies.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 413. Death Gratuity.--(a) The Secretary may provide 
for payment of a gratuity to the surviving dependents of any 
Foreign Service employee who dies as a result of injuries 
sustained in the performance of duty abroad, in an amount equal 
to one year's salary at the time of death or $100,000, 
whichever is greater. Any death gratuity payment made under 
this section shall be held to have been a gift and shall be in 
addition to any other benefit payable from any source.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 415. OVERSEAS COMPARABILITY PAY ADJUSTMENT.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with subsection (c), a 
member of the Service who is designated class 1 or below and 
who does not have as an official duty station a location in the 
continental United States or in a non-foreign area shall 
receive locality-based comparability payments under section 
5304 of title 5, United States Code, that would be paid to such 
member if such member's official duty station would have been 
Washington, D.C.
    (b) Treatment as Basic Pay.--The locality-based 
comparability payment described in subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be considered to be part of the basic pay of a 
        member in accordance with section 5304 of title 5, 
        United States Code, for the same purposes for which 
        comparability payments are considered to be part of 
        basic pay under such section; and
            (2) be subject to any applicable pay limitations.
    (c) Phase-in.--The comparability pay adjustment described 
under this section shall be paid to a member described in 
subsection (a) in three phases, as follows:
            (1) In fiscal year 2006, 33.33 percent of the 
        amount of such adjustment to which such member is 
        entitled.
            (2) In fiscal year 2007, 66.66 percent of the 
        amount of such adjustment to which such member is 
        entitled.
            (3) In fiscal year 2008 and subsequent fiscal 
        years, 100.00 percent of the amount of such adjustment 
        to which such member is entitled.

Chapter 5--Classification of Positions and Assignments

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 503. Assignments to Agencies, International 
Organizations, [and] Foreign Governments, or Other Bodies.--(a) 
The Secretary may (with the concurrence of the agency, 
organization, foreign government, or other body concerned) 
assign a member of the Service for duty--
            (1) in a non-Foreign Service (including Senior 
        Executive Service) position in the Department or 
        another agency, or with an international organization, 
        international commission, or other international body, 
        or with a foreign government under section 506;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 506. FELLOWSHIP OF HOPE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary is authorized to 
establish a program to be known as the ``Fellowship of Hope 
Program''. Under the Program, the Secretary may assign a member 
of the Service, for not more than one year, to a position with 
any designated country or designated entity that permits an 
employee of such country or entity to be assigned to a position 
with the Department.
    (b) Salary and Benefits.--The salary and benefits of a 
member of the Service shall be paid as described in subsection 
(b) of section 503 during a period in which such member is 
participating in the Fellowship of Hope Program. The salary and 
benefits of an employee of a designated country or designated 
entity participating in the Program shall be paid by such 
country or entity during the period in which such employee is 
participating in the Program.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``designated country'' means a member 
        country of--
                    (A) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; 
                or
                    (B) the European Union.
            (2) The term ``designated entity'' means--
                    (A) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; 
                or
                    (B) the European Union.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to--
            (1) authorize the appointment as an officer or 
        employee of the United States of--
                    (A) an individual whose allegiance is to 
                any country, government, or foreign or 
                international entity other than to the United 
                States; or
                    (B) an individual who has not met the 
                requirements of sections 3331, 3332, 3333, and 
                7311 of title 5, United States Code, and any 
                other provision of law concerning eligibility 
                for appointment as, and continuation of 
                employment as, an officer or employee of the 
                United States; or
            (2) authorize the Secretary to assign a member of 
        the Service to a position with any foreign country 
        whose law, or to any foreign or international entity 
        whose rules, require such member to give allegiance or 
        loyalty to such country or entity while assigned to 
        such position.

Chapter 6--Promotion and Retention

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 603. Basis for Selection Board Review.--(a)  * * *
    (b) Precepts for selection boards shall include a 
description of the needs of the Service for performance 
requirements, skills, and qualities, which are to be considered 
in recommendations for promotion. The precepts for selection 
boards responsible for recommending promotions into and within 
the Senior Foreign Service shall emphasize performance which 
demonstrates the strong policy formulation capabilities, 
executive leadership qualities, and highly developed functional 
and area expertise, which are required for the Senior Foreign 
Service. The precepts for selection boards shall include, 
whether the member of the Service or the member of the Senior 
Foreign Service, as the case may be, has demonstrated--
            (1)  * * *
            (2) other experience in public diplomacy[.], and 
        shall consider whether the member of the Service has 
        served in a position whose primary responsibility is to 
        formulate policy toward or represent the United States 
        at an international organization, a multilateral 
        institution, or a broad-based multilateral negotiation 
        of an international instrument. Precepts for selection 
        boards shall also, where applicable, include an 
        evaluation of whether members of the Service and 
        members of the Senior Foreign Service have met the 
        standards of performance established by the Secretary 
        pursuant to section 619(c) of the Advance Democratic 
        Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance 
        Democracy Act of 2005, or have served in a position in 
        which the primary responsibility is to monitor or 
        promote democracy or human rights.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 610. Separation for Cause; Suspension.--(a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c)(1) The Secretary may suspend a member of the Service 
without pay when there is reasonable cause to believe that the 
member has committed a crime for which a sentence of 
imprisonment may be imposed and there is a connection between 
the conduct and the efficiency of the Foreign Service.
    (2) Any member of the Service for whom a suspension is 
proposed shall be entitled to--
            (A) written notice stating the specific reasons for 
        the proposed suspension;
            (B) a reasonable time to respond orally and in 
        writing to the proposed suspension;
            (C) representation by an attorney or other 
        representative; and
            (D) a final written decision, including the 
        specific reasons for such decision, as soon as 
        practicable.
    (3) Any member suspended under this section may file a 
grievance in accordance with the procedures applicable to 
grievances under chapter 11 of this title.
    (4) In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``reasonable time'' means--
                    (i) with respect to a member of the Service 
                assigned to duty in the United States, 15 days 
                after receiving notice of the proposed 
                suspension; and
                    (ii) with respect to a member of the 
                Service assigned to duty outside the United 
                States, 30 days after receiving notice of the 
                proposed suspension.
            (B) The terms ``suspend'' and ``suspension'' mean 
        the placing of a member of the Service in a temporary 
        status without duties and pay.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 614. Foreign Service Awards.--The President shall 
establish a system of awards to confer appropriate recognition 
of outstanding contributions to the Nation by members of the 
Service. The awards system established under this section shall 
provide for presentation by the President and by the Secretary 
of medals or other suitable commendations for performance in 
the course of or beyond the call of duty which involves 
distinguished, meritorious service to the Nation, including 
extraordinary valor in the face of danger to life or health. 
Distinguished, meritorious service in the promotion of 
internationally recognized human rights, including the right to 
freedom of religion, shall serve as a basis for granting awards 
under this section. Distinguished or meritorious service in the 
promotion of democracy in foreign countries, including contact 
with and support of individuals and nongovernmental 
organizations that promote democracy in a foreign country 
categorized as nondemocratic in the most recent Annual Report 
on Democracy (as required under section 612(a) of the Advance 
Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance 
Democracy Act of 2005), shall also serve as a basis for 
granting awards under this section.

Chapter 7--Career Development, Training, and Orientation

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 708. TRAINING FOR FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS.

    [(a) The] (a) Training on Human Rights.--The Secretary of 
State, with the assistance of other relevant officials, such as 
the Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom 
appointed under section 101(b) of the International Religious 
Freedom Act of 1998 and the director of the George P. Shultz 
National Foreign Affairs Training Center, shall establish as 
part of the standard training provided after January 1, 1999, 
for officers of the Service, including chiefs of mission, 
instruction in the field of internationally recognized human 
rights. Such training shall include--
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(b) The] (b) Training on Refugee Law and Religious 
Persecution.--The Secretary of State shall provide sessions on 
refugee law and adjudications and on religious persecution to 
each individual seeking a commission as a United States 
consular officer. The Secretary shall also ensure that any 
member of the Service who is assigned to a position that may be 
called upon to assess requests for consideration for refugee 
admissions, including any consular officer, has completed 
training on refugee law and refugee adjudications in addition 
to the training required in this section.
    (c) Training on Global Democracy Promotion.--
            (1) In general.--In addition to the training 
        required under subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary 
        of State, in cooperation with other relevant officials, 
        including the Under Secretary of State for Democracy 
        and Global Affairs, and the Director of the National 
        Foreign Affairs Training Center of the Foreign Service 
        Institute of the Department of State, shall establish 
        as part of the training provided after December 31, 
        2006, for members of the Service, including all chiefs 
        of mission and deputy chiefs of mission, instruction in 
        how to strengthen and promote democracy through 
        peaceful means in consultation with individuals and 
        nongovernmental organizations that support democratic 
        principles, practices, and values. In particular, such 
        instruction shall be mandatory for members of the 
        Service having reporting or other responsibilities 
        relating to internal political developments and human 
        rights, including religious freedom, in nondemocratic 
        countries or democratic transition countries as 
        categorized in the most recent Annual Report on 
        Democracy as required under section 612(a) of the 
        Advance Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic 
        Countries, and Enhance Democracy Act of 2005, including 
        for chiefs of mission and deputy chiefs of mission, and 
        shall be completed before the time that such member or 
        chief of mission assumes a post (or, if such is not 
        practical, within the first year of assuming such 
        post).
            (2) Contents of training.--The training required 
        under paragraph (1) shall include instruction, a 
        training manual, and other materials regarding the 
        following:
                    (A) International documents and United 
                States policy regarding electoral democracy and 
                respect for human rights.
                    (B) United States policy regarding the 
                promotion and strengthening of democracy around 
                the world, with particular emphasis on the 
                transition to democracy in nondemocratic 
                countries.
                    (C) For any member, chief of mission, or 
                deputy chief of mission who is to be assigned 
                to a foreign country that is categorized as 
                nondemocratic in the Annual Report on 
                Democracy, instruction regarding ways to 
                promote democracy in such country and providing 
                technical, financial, and other support to 
                individuals (including expatriated citizens) 
                and nongovernmental organizations in such 
                country that support democratic principles, 
                practices, and values.
                    (D) The protection of internationally 
                recognized human rights (including the 
                protection of religious freedom) and standards 
                related to such rights, provisions of United 
                States law related to such rights, diplomatic 
                tools to promote respect for such rights, the 
                protection of individuals who have fled their 
                countries due to violations of such rights 
                (including the role of United States embassies 
                in providing access to the United States 
                Refugee Admissions Program) and the 
                relationship between respect for such rights 
                and democratic development and national 
                security. The Director of the National Foreign 
                Affairs Training Center of the Foreign Service 
                Institute of the Department of State shall 
                consult with nongovernmental organizations 
                involved in the protection and promotion of 
                such rights and the United States Commission on 
                International Religious Freedom (established 
                under section 201(a) of the International 
                Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 
                6431(a)) in developing the training required by 
                this subparagraph.

          Chapter 8--Foreign Service Retirement and Disability

subchapter i--foreign service retirement and disability system

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 805. Contributions to the Fund.--(a)(1) Except as 
otherwise provided in this section, [7.25 percent] 7.00 percent 
of the basic salary received by each participant shall be 
deducted from the salary and contributed to the Fund for the 
payment of annuities, cash benefits, refunds, and allowances. 
[The contribution by the employing agency shall be a percentage 
of basic salary equal to the percentage in effect under section 
7001(d)(1) of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (Public Law 105-
33; 22 U.S.C. 4045 note), and section 505(h) of the Department 
of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 
(as enacted by Public Law 106-346; 114 Stat. 1356A-54), plus 
.25 percent of basic salary, and shall be made] An equal amount 
shall be contributed by the employing agency from the 
appropriations or fund used for payment of the salary of the 
participant. The employing agency shall deposit in the Fund the 
amounts deducted and withheld from basic salary and the amounts 
contributed by the employing agency.
    (2) Notwithstanding the percentage limitation contained in 
paragraph (1) of this subsection--
            (A) the employing agency shall deduct and withhold 
        from the basic pay of a Foreign Service criminal 
        investigator/inspector of the Office of the Inspector 
        General, Agency for International Development, who is 
        qualified to have his annuity computed in the same 
        manner as that of a law enforcement officer pursuant to 
        section 8339(d) of title 5, an amount equal to that to 
        be withheld from a law enforcement officer pursuant to 
        section 8334(a)(1) of title 5[, plus an amount equal to 
        .25 percent of basic pay]. The amounts so deducted 
        shall be contributed to the Fund for the payment of 
        annuities, cash benefits, refunds, and allowances. An 
        equal amount shall be contributed by the employing 
        agency from the appropriations or fund used for payment 
        of the salary of the participant. The employing agency 
        shall deposit in the Fund the amount deducted and 
        withheld from basic salary and amounts contributed by 
        the employing agency.
            (B) The employing agency shall deduct and withhold 
        from the basic pay of a Foreign Service criminal 
        investigator/inspector of the Office of the Inspector 
        General, Agency for International Development, who is 
        qualified to have his annuity computed pursuant to 
        section 8415(d) of title 5, an amount equal to that to 
        be withheld from a law enforcement officer pursuant to 
        section 8422(a)(2)(B) of title 5[, plus an amount equal 
        to .25 percent of basic pay]. The amounts so deducted 
        shall be contributed to the Fund for the payment of 
        annuities, cash benefits, refunds, and allowances. An 
        equal amount shall be contributed by the employing 
        agency from the appropriations or fund used for payment 
        of the salary of the participant. The employing agency 
        shall deposit in the Fund the amounts deducted and 
        withheld from basic salary and amounts contributed by 
        the employing agency.
    (3) For service as a special agent, paragraph (1) shall be 
applied by substituting for ``7 percent'' the percentage that 
applies to law enforcement officers under section 8334(a)(1) of 
title 5, United States Code[, plus .25 percent].

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 806. Computation of Annuities.--(a)(1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (9) For purposes of any annuity computation under this 
subsection, the basic salary or basic pay of any member of the 
Service whose official duty station [is outside] was outside 
the continental United States for any period of time from 
December 29, 2002, to the first day of the first full pay 
period beginning after the date of applicability of the 
overseas comparability pay adjustment under section 415 shall 
be considered to be the salary or pay that would have been paid 
to the member had the member's official duty station been 
Washington, D.C., including locality-based comparability 
payments under section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, 
that would have been payable to the member if the member's 
official duty station had been Washington, D.C.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER II--FOREIGN SERVICE PENSION SYSTEM

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 855. Entitlement to Annuity.--(a)(1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (3) For purposes of any annuity computation under this 
subsection, the average pay (as used in section 8414 of title 
5, United States Code) of any member of the Service whose 
official duty station [is outside] was outside the continental 
United States for any period of time from December 29, 2002, to 
the first day of the first full pay period beginning after the 
date of applicability of the overseas comparability pay 
adjustment under section 415 shall be considered to be the 
salary that would have been paid to the member had the member's 
official duty station been Washington, D.C., including 
locality-based comparability payments under section 5304 of 
title 5, United States Code, that would have been payable to 
the member if the member's official duty station had been 
Washington, D.C.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 856. Deductions and Withholdings From Pay.--(a)(1)  * 
* *
    [(2) The applicable percentage under this subsection shall 
be as follows:


                                  7.5..............  Before January 1, 1999.
                                  7.75.............  January 1, 1999, to December 31, 1999.
                                  7.9..............  January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000.
                                  7.55.............  After January 11, 2003.]


            (2) The applicable percentage under this subsection 
        shall be as follows:




Percentage                          Time Period
  7.5.............................  Before January 1, 1999.
  7.75............................  January 1, 1999, to December 31,
                                     1999.
  7.9.............................  January 1, 2000, to December 31,
                                     2000.
  7.55............................  January 11, 2003, to September 30,
                                     2004.
  7.5.............................  After September 30, 2004.

                                    

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
              Chapter 9--Travel, Leave, and Other Benefits

    Sec. 901. Travel and Related Expenses.--The Secretary may 
pay the travel and related expenses of members of the Service 
and their families, including costs or expenses incurred for--
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (6) rest and recuperation travel of members of the 
        Service who are United States citizens, and members of 
        their families, while serving at locations abroad 
        specifically designated by the Secretary for purposes 
        of this paragraph, to--
                    (A)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

        except that, unless the Secretary otherwise specifies 
        in extraordinary circumstances, travel expenses under 
        this paragraph shall be limited to the cost for a 
        member of the Service, and for each member of the 
        family of the member, of 1 round trip during any 
        continuous 2-year tour [unbroken by home leave] and of 
        2 round trips during any continuous 3-year tour 
        [unbroken by home leave];

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 903. Required Leave in the United States.--(a) The 
Secretary may order a member of the Service (other than a 
member employed under section 311) who is a citizen of the 
United States to take a leave of absence under section 6305 of 
title 5, United States Code (without regard to the introductory 
clause of subsection (a) of that section), upon completion by 
that member of [18 months] 12 months of continuous service 
abroad. The Secretary shall order on such a leave of absence a 
member of the Service (other than a member employed under 
section 311) who is a citizen of the United States as soon as 
possible after completion by that member of 3 years of 
continuous service abroad.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 904. Health Care.--(a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (g) Reimbursements paid to the Department of State for 
funding the costs of medical care abroad for employees and 
eligible family members shall be credited to the currently 
available applicable appropriation account. Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, such reimbursements shall be available 
for obligation and expenditure during the fiscal year in which 
they are received or for such longer period of time as may be 
provided in law.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 11--Grievances

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 1106. Board Procedures.--The Board may adopt 
regulations concerning its organization and procedures. Such 
regulations shall include provision for the following:
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (8) If the Board determines that the Department is 
        considering the involuntary separation of the grievant 
        (other than an involuntary separation for cause under 
        section 610(a)), disciplinary action against [the 
        grievant or] the grievant, or recovery from the 
        grievant of alleged overpayment of salary, expenses, or 
        allowances, which is related to a grievance pending 
        before the Board and that such action should be 
        suspended, the Department shall suspend such action 
        until the date which is one year after such 
        determination or until the Board has ruled upon the 
        grievance, whichever comes first. The Board shall 
        extend the one-year limitation under the preceding 
        sentence and the Department shall continue to suspend 
        such action, if the Board determines that the agency or 
        the Board is responsible for the delay in the 
        resolution of the grievance. The Board may also extend 
        the 1-year limit if it determines that the delay is due 
        to the complexity of the case, the unavailability of 
        witnesses or to circumstances beyond the control of the 
        agency, the Board or the grievant. Notwithstanding such 
        suspension of action, the head of the agency concerned 
        or a chief of mission or principal officer may exclude 
        the grievant from official premises or from the 
        performance of specified functions when such exclusion 
        is determined in writing to be essential to the 
        functioning of the post or office to which the grievant 
        is assigned.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


               SECTION 301 OF THE DIPLOMATIC SECURITY ACT

SEC. 301. ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Convening a board.--Except as provided in 
        [paragraph (2)] paragraphs (2) and (3), in any case of 
        serious injury, loss of life, or significant 
        destruction of property at, or related to, a United 
        States Government mission abroad, and in any case of a 
        serious breach of security involving intelligence 
        activities of a foreign government directed at a United 
        States Government mission abroad, which is covered by 
        the provisions of titles I through IV (other than a 
        facility or installation subject to the control of a 
        United States area military commander), the Secretary 
        of State shall convene an Accountability Review Board 
        (in this title referred to as the ``Board''). The 
        Secretary shall not convene a Board where the Secretary 
        determines that a case clearly involves only causes 
        unrelated to security.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (3) Facilities in afghanistan and iraq.--
                    (A) Limited exemptions from requirement to 
                convene board.--The Secretary of State is not 
                required to convene a Board in the case of an 
                incident that--
                            (i) involves serious injury, loss 
                        of life, or significant destruction of 
                        property at, or related to, a United 
                        States Government mission in 
                        Afghanistan or Iraq; and
                            (ii) occurs during the period 
                        beginning on July 1, 2004, and ending 
                        on September 30, 2009.
                    (B) Reporting requirements.--In the case of 
                an incident described in subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary shall--
                            (i) promptly notify the Committee 
                        on International Relations of the House 
                        of Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Foreign Relations of the Senate of the 
                        incident;
                            (ii) conduct an inquiry of the 
                        incident; and
                            (iii) upon completion of the 
                        inquiry required by clause (ii), submit 
                        to each such Committee a report on the 
                        findings and recommendations related to 
                        such inquiry and the actions taken with 
                        respect to such recommendations.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


SECTION 406 OF THE OMNIBUS DIPLOMATIC SECURITY AND ANTITERRORISM ACT OF 
                                  1986

SEC. 406. EFFICIENCY IN CONTRACTING.

    (a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(c) Disqualification of Contractors.--No person doing 
business with Libya may be eligible for any contract awarded 
pursuant to this Act.]
                              ----------                              


                          ACT OF JULY 3, 1926

 AN ACT To regulate the issue and validity of passports, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the 
Secretary of State may grant and issue passports, and cause 
passports to be granted, issued, and verified in foreign 
countries by diplomatic and consular officers of the United 
States, and by such other employees of the Department of State 
who are citizens of the United States as the Secretary of State 
may designate, and by the chief or other executive officer of 
the insular possessions of the United States, under such rules 
as the President shall designate and prescribe for and on 
behalf of the United States, and no other person shall grant, 
issue, or verify such passports. For purposes of the issuance 
of a passport to a United States citizen born in the city of 
Jerusalem, the Secretary shall, upon the request of the citizen 
or the citizen's legal guardian, record the place of birth as 
Israel. Unless authorized by law, a passport may not be 
designated as restricted for travel to or for use in any 
country other than a country with which the United States is at 
war, where armed hostilities are in progress, or where there is 
imminent danger to the public health or the physical safety of 
United States travellers.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


 SECTION 103 OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS, REFUGEE, AND OTHER FOREIGN RELATIONS 
                         PROVISIONS ACT OF 1996

SEC. 103. EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGES AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR 
                    TIBETANS AND BURMESE.

    (a)  * * *
    (b) Scholarships for Tibetans and Burmese.--
            (1) Subject to the availability of appropriations, 
        [for the fiscal year 2003] for each of fiscal years 
        2006 and 2007 at least 30 scholarships shall be made 
        available to Tibetan students and professionals who are 
        outside Tibet (if practicable, including individuals 
        active in the preservation of Tibet's unique culture, 
        religion, and language), and at least 15 scholarships 
        shall be made available to Burmese students and 
        professionals who are outside Burma.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


 SECTION 3 OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN FACILITIES ENHANCEMENT 
                                  ACT

SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
to be appropriated [the sum of $75,000,000] such sums as may be 
necessary to AIT--
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


TITLE 5, UNITED STATES CODE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART III--EMPLOYEES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBPART D--PAY AND ALLOWANCES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 57--TRAVEL, TRANSPORTATION, AND SUBSISTENCE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER IV--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 5753. Recruitment and relocation bonuses

    (a)(1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (2) A bonus may not be paid under this section to an 
individual who is appointed to or who holds--
            (A) a position to which an individual is appointed 
        by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
        the Senate, but does not include members of the Foreign 
        Service other than chiefs of mission and ambassadors-
        at-large;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 5754. Retention bonuses

    (a)(1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (2) A bonus may not be paid under this section to an 
individual who is appointed to or who holds--
            (A) a position to which an individual is appointed 
        by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
        the Senate, but does not include members of the Foreign 
        Service other than chiefs of mission and ambassadors-
        at-large;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 59--ALLOWANCES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER II--QUARTERS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 5913. Official residence expenses

    (a)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Funds made available under subsection (b) may be 
provided in advance to persons eligible to receive 
reimbursements.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER III--OVERSEAS DIFFERENTIALS AND ALLOWANCES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 5924. Cost-of-living allowances

    The following cost-of-living allowances may be granted, 
when applicable, to an employee in a foreign area:
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (4) An education allowance or payment of travel 
        costs to assist an employee with the extraordinary and 
        necessary expenses, not otherwise compensated for, 
        incurred because of his service in a foreign area or 
        foreign areas in providing adequate education for his 
        dependents (or, to the extent education away from post 
        is involved, official assignment to service in such 
        area or areas), as follows:
                    (A) An allowance not to exceed the cost of 
                obtaining such kindergarten, elementary and 
                secondary educational services as are 
                ordinarily provided without charge by the 
                public schools in the United States (including 
                such educational services as are provided by 
                the States under the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act), plus, in those 
                cases when adequate schools are not available 
                at the post of the employee, board and room, 
                and periodic transportation between that post 
                and the school chosen by the employee, not to 
                exceed the total cost to the Government of the 
                dependent attending an adequate school in the 
                nearest United States locality where an 
                adequate school is available, without regard to 
                section of title 31. When travel from school to 
                post is infeasible, travel may be allowed 
                between the school attended and the home of a 
                designated relative or family friend or to join 
                a parent at any location, with the allowable 
                travel expense not to exceed the cost of travel 
                between the school and the post. The amount of 
                the allowance granted shall be determined on 
                the basis of the educational facility used.
                    [(B) The travel expenses of dependents of 
                an employee to and from a school in the United 
                States (or to and from a school outside the 
                United States if the dependent is attending 
                that school for less than one year under a 
                program approved by the school in the United 
                States at which the dependent is enrolled, with 
                the allowable travel expense not to exceed the 
                cost of travel to and from the school in the 
                United States) to obtain an American secondary 
                or postsecondary educational institution 
                education (other than a program of post-
                baccalaureate education), not to exceed one 
                annual trip each way for each dependent. At the 
                election of the employee, in lieu of the 
                transportation of the baggage of a dependent 
                from the dependent's school, the costs incurred 
                to store the baggage at or in the vicinity of 
                the school during the dependent's annual trip 
                between the school and the employee's duty 
                station may be paid or reimbursed to the 
                employee, except that the amount of the payment 
                or reimbursement may not exceed the cost that 
                the Government would incur to transport the 
                baggage. An allowance payment under 
                subparagraph (A) of this paragraph (4) may not 
                be made for a dependent during the 12 months 
                following his arrival in the United States for 
                secondary education under authority contained 
                in this subparagraph (B). Notwithstanding 
                section 5921(6) of this title, travel expenses, 
                for the purpose of obtaining postsecondary 
                educational institution education (other than a 
                program of post-baccalaureate education), may 
                be authorized under this subparagraph (B), 
                under such regulations as the President may 
                prescribe, for dependents of employees who are 
                citizens of the United States stationed in the 
                Canal Zone. For the purposes of this 
                subparagraph, the term ``educational 
                institution'' has the meaning defined under 
                section 1701(a)(6) of title 38.]
                    (B) The travel expenses of dependents of an 
                employee to and from a secondary or post-
                secondary educational institution, not to 
                exceed one annual trip each way for each 
                dependent, except that an allowance payment 
                under subparagraph (A) may not be made for a 
                dependent during the 12 months following the 
                arrival of the dependent at the selected 
                educational institution under authority 
                contained in this subparagraph.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (D) Allowances provided pursuant to 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) may include, at the 
                election of the employee, payment or 
                reimbursement of the costs incurred to store 
                baggage for the employee's dependent at or in 
                the vicinity of the dependent's school during 
                the dependent's annual trip between the school 
                and the employee's duty station, except that 
                such payment or reimbursement may not exceed 
                the cost that the Government would incur to 
                transport the baggage with the dependent in 
                connection with the annual trip, and such 
                payment or reimbursement shall be in lieu of 
                transportation of the baggage.

Sec. 5925. Post differentials

    (a) A post differential may be granted on the basis of 
conditions of environment which differ substantially from 
conditions of environment in the continental United States and 
warrant additional pay as a recruitment and retention 
incentive. A post differential may be granted to an employee 
officially stationed in the United States who is on extended 
detail in a foreign area. A post differential under this 
subsection may not exceed [25 percent of the rate of basic pay 
or, in the case of an employee of the United States Agency for 
International Development,] 35 percent of the rate of basic 
pay.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 5928. Danger pay allowance

    An employee serving in a foreign area may be granted a 
danger pay allowance on the basis of civil insurrection, civil 
war, terrorism, or wartime conditions which threaten physical 
harm or imminent danger to the health or well-being of the 
employee. A danger pay allowance may not exceed [25 percent of 
the basic pay of the employee or 35 percent of the basic pay of 
the employee in the case of an employee of the United States 
Agency for International Development] 35 percent of the basic 
pay of the employee, except that if an employee is granted an 
additional differential under section 5925(b) of this title 
with respect to an assignment, the sum of that additional 
differential and any danger pay allowance granted to the 
employee with respect to that assignment may not exceed [25 
percent of the basic pay of the employee or 35 percent of the 
basic pay of the employee in the case of an employee of the 
United States Agency for International Development] 35 percent 
of the basic pay of the employee. The presence of nonessential 
personnel or dependents shall not preclude payment of an 
allowance under this section. In each instance where an 
allowance under this section is initiated or terminated, the 
Secretary of State shall inform the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate of the action taken and the circumstances justifying it.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBPART G--INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 83--RETIREMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 8332. Creditable service

    (a)  * * *
    (b) The service of an employee shall be credited from the 
date of original employment to the date of separation on which 
title to annuity is based in the civilian service of the 
Government. Except as provided in paragraph (13) of this 
subsection, credit may not be allowed for a period of 
separation from the service in excess of 3 calendar days. The 
service includes--
            (1)  * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (11) subject to sections 8334(c) and 8339(i) of 
        this title, service in any capacity of at least 130 
        days (or its equivalent) per calendar year performed 
        after July 1, 1946, for the National Committee for a 
        Free Europe; Free Europe Committee, Incorporated; Free 
        Europe, Incorporated; Radio Liberation Committee; Radio 
        Liberty Committee; subdivisions of any of those 
        organizations; Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 
        Incorporated, Radio Free Asia; the Middle East 
        Broadcasting Networks; the Asia Foundation; or the 
        Armed Forces Network, Europe (AFN-E), but only if such 
        service is not credited for benefits under any other 
        retirement system which is established for such 
        entities and funded in whole or in part by the 
        Government and only if the individual later becomes 
        subject to this subchapter;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


 SECTION 591 OF THE FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED 
                   PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2004

              post differentials and danger pay allowances

    Sec. 591. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(c) Except for employees of the United States Agency for 
International Development stationed in Iraq and Afghanistan, 
the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall not take 
effect until the same authority is enacted for employees of the 
Department of State.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


         FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEAR 2003



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE III--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle B--Personnel Matters

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 321. RETIREMENT CREDIT FOR CERTAIN GOVERNMENT SERVICE PERFORMED 
                    ABROAD.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (f) Implementation.--The Office of Personnel Management, in 
consultation with the Secretary, shall prescribe such 
regulations, not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 2006 and 2007, and take such action as may be necessary 
and appropriate to implement this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 324. REPORT CONCERNING MINORITY EMPLOYMENT.

    On [April 1, 2003, and April 1, 2004,] April 1, 2006, and 
April 1, 2007, the Secretary shall submit a comprehensive 
report to Congress, with respect to the preceding calendar 
year, concerning the employment of members of minority groups 
at the Department, including the Civil Service and the Foreign 
Service. The report shall include the following data (reported 
in terms of real numbers and percentages and not as ratios):
            (1) For the last preceding Foreign Service 
        examination and promotion cycles for which such 
        information is available--
                    (A) the numbers and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women taking the 
                written Foreign Service examination;
                    (B) the numbers and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women successfully 
                completing and passing the written Foreign 
                Service examination;
                    (C) the numbers and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women successfully 
                completing and passing the oral Foreign Service 
                examination;
                    (D) the numbers and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women entering the 
                junior officer class of the Foreign Service;
                    (E) the numbers and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women who are 
                Foreign Service officers at each grade; and
                    (F) the numbers and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women promoted to 
                each grade of the Foreign Service.
            (2) For the last preceding year for Civil Service 
        employment at the Department for which such information 
        is available--
                    (A) numbers and percentages of members of 
                all minority groups and women entering the 
                Civil Service;
                    (B) the number and percentages of members 
                of all minority groups and women who are Civil 
                Service employees at each grade of the Civil 
                Service; and
                    (C) the number of and percentages of 
                members of all minority groups and women 
                promoted at each grade of the Civil Service.
            (3) For the immediately preceding 12-month period 
        for which such information is available--
                    (A) the numbers and percentages of small, 
                minority-owned businesses that provide goods 
                and services to the Department as a result of 
                contracts with the Department during such 
                period;
                    (B) the total number of such contracts;
                    (C) the total dollar value of such 
                contracts; and
                    (D) and the percentage value represented by 
                such contract proportionate to the total value 
                of all contracts held by the Department.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE V--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 504. PERSONAL SERVICES CONTRACTING [PILOT] PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the International 
Broadcasting Bureau (in this section referred to as the 
``Director'') may establish a [pilot] program [(in this section 
referred to as the ``program'')] for the purpose of hiring 
United States citizens or aliens as personal services 
contractors, without regard to Civil Service and classification 
laws, for service in the United States as broadcasters, 
[producers, and writers] and other broadcasting specialists in 
the International Broadcasting Bureau to respond to new or 
emerging broadcast needs or to augment broadcast services.
    (b) Conditions.--The Director is authorized to use the 
authority of subsection (a) subject to the following 
conditions:
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (4) Not more than a total of [60] 100 United States 
        citizens or aliens are employed at any one time as 
        personal services contractors under the program.
    [(c) Termination of Authority.--The authority to award 
personal services contracts under the pilot program authorized 
by this section shall terminate on December 31, 2005. A 
contract entered into prior to the termination date under this 
subsection may remain in effect for a period not to exceed 6 
months after such termination date.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


               Subtitle E--Freedom Investment Act of 2002

SEC. 661. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Freedom Investment Act 
of 2002''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 663. HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVITIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) Increasing Resources and Importance of Human Rights.--
It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the budget for the Bureau of Democracy, Human 
        Rights, and Labor for fiscal years 2003 and 2004 should 
        be substantially increased so that beginning in fiscal 
        year 2005, and each fiscal year thereafter, not less 
        than 1 percent of the amounts made available to the 
        Department under the heading ``Diplomatic and Consular 
        Programs'', other than amounts made available for 
        worldwide security upgrades and information resource 
        management, should be made available for salaries and 
        expenses of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and 
        Labor; [and]
            (2) a United States mission abroad in a country 
        that has been categorized as nondemocratic in the most 
        recent Annual Report on Democracy (as required under 
        section 612(a) of the Advance Democratic Values, 
        Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance Democracy 
        Act of 2005) should have at least one political officer 
        who shall have primary responsibility for monitoring 
        and promoting democracy and human rights in such 
        country;
            (3) the level of seniority of any such political 
        officer should be in direct relationship to the 
        severity of the problems associated with the 
        establishment of full democracy and respect for human 
        rights in such country; and
            [(2)] (4) any assignment of an individual to a 
        political officer position at a United States mission 
        abroad that has the primary responsibility for 
        [monitoring human rights developments in a foreign 
        country should be made upon the recommendation] 
        monitoring and promoting democracy and human rights, 
        including a political officer described in paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), in a foreign country should be made after 
        consultation with and upon the recommendation of the 
        Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human 
        Rights, and Labor in conjunction with the head of the 
        Department's regional bureau having primary 
        responsibility for that country.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 664. HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY FUND.

    (a) * * *
    (b) Purposes of Fund.--The purposes of the Fund shall be--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (4) to promote and encourage the growth of 
        democracy, including the support for nongovernmental 
        organizations in foreign countries; [and]
            (5) to support the study of democracy abroad, 
        including support for debates and discussions at 
        academic institutions, regarding the values and 
        benefits of democracy; and
            [(5)] (6) to carry out such other related 
        activities as are consistent with paragraphs (1) 
        through [(4)] (5).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 665. REPORTS ON ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE UNITED STATES TO ENCOURAGE 
                    RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Separate Report.--The information to be included in the 
report required by sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 pursuant to the amendments made by 
subsections (a) and (b) may be submitted by the Secretary as a 
separate report. [If the Secretary elects to submit such 
information as a separate report, such report shall be 
submitted not later than 30 days after the date of submission 
of the report required by section 116(d) and 502B(b) of the 
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.] As part of such separate 
report, the Secretary shall include information on efforts by 
the Department of State to develop and implement the strategy 
to support efforts to establish an Inter-Arab Democratic 
Charter pursuant to section 708(a) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007. If the Secretary 
elects to submit such information as a separate report, such 
report may be submitted as part of the Annual Report on 
Democracy required under section 612(a) of the Advance 
Democratic Values, Address Nondemocratic Countries, and Enhance 
Democracy Act of 2005. If the Secretary makes such an election, 
such report shall be organized so as to contain a separate 
section for each country to which such information applies, 
together with a short narrative describing the extrajudicial 
killing, torture, or other serious violations of human rights 
that are indicated to have occurred in each such country.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle G--Other Matters

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 690. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO MAGEN DAVID ADOM SOCIETY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (5) Since the founding of the Magen David Adom 
        Society in 1930, the American Red Cross has regarded it 
        as a sister national society forging close working ties 
        between the two societies and has consistently 
        advocated recognition and membership of the Magen David 
        Adom Society in the International Red Cross and Red 
        Crescent Movement.
            (6) The American Red Cross and the Magen David Adom 
        Society signed an important memorandum of understanding 
        in November 2002, outlining areas for strategic 
        collaboration, and the American Red Cross will 
        encourage other societies to establish similar 
        agreements with the Magen David Adom Society.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (3) the Red Shield of David should be accorded the 
        same protections under international law as the Red 
        Cross and the Red Crescent; [and]
            (4) the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva 
        Conventions of August 12, 1949, should adopt the 
        October 12, 2000, draft additional protocol which would 
        accord international recognition to an additional 
        distinctive emblem; and
            [(4)] (5) the United States should continue to 
        press for full membership for the Magen David Adom 
        Society in the International Red Cross Movement.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 2006 and 2007, and one year thereafter, the Secretary of 
State shall submit a report, on a classified basis if 
necessary, to the appropriate congressional committees 
describing--
            (1) efforts by the United States to obtain full 
        membership for the Magen David Adom Society in the 
        International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement;
            (2) efforts by the International Committee of the 
        Red Cross to obtain full membership for the Magen David 
        Adom Society in the International Red Cross and Red 
        Crescent Movement;
            (3) efforts of the High Contracting Parties to the 
        Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949, to adopt the 
        October 12, 2000, draft additional protocol to the 
        Geneva Conventions;
            (4) the extent to which the Magen David Adom 
        Society is participating in the activities of the 
        International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement; and
            (5) efforts by any state, member, or official of 
        the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement 
        to prevent, obstruct, or place conditions upon--
                    (A) adoption by the High Contracting 
                Parties to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 
                1949, of the October 12, 2000, draft additional 
                protocol to the Geneva Conventions; and
                    (B) full participation of the Magen David 
                Adom Society in the activities of the 
                International Red Cross and Red Crescent 
                Movement.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                     FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
                                 PART I

Chapter 1--Policy; Development Assistance Authorizations 

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 104. Population and Health.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Assistance for Health and Disease Prevention.--(1) * * 
*

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (4)(A) In carrying out the purposes of this subsection, the 
President is authorized to furnish assistance, on such terms 
and conditions as the President may determine, for the 
establishment and operation of not less than twelve centers for 
the treatment and prevention of obstetric fistula at 
appropriate sites in developing countries.
    (B) In selecting sites for the establishment of centers 
pursuant to subparagraph (A), the President should seek the 
consultation and advice of United States embassy officials, 
appropriate nongovernmental organizations, and local government 
officials in developing countries with high rates of obstetric 
fistula, with particular emphasis on countries in Africa.
    (C) Each center established pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, carry out the 
following activities:
            (i) The provision of surgery to repair obstetric 
        fistula in women who do not otherwise have the 
        resources to pay for such surgery and the provision of 
        necessary post-surgery care and support for such women.
            (ii) Assistance related to surgery and post-surgery 
        care and support described in clause (i), including the 
        provision of transportation to and from the center for 
        women in need of such transportation and the provision 
        of necessary temporary shelter and food assistance to 
        women in need of such shelter and food assistance.
            (iii) Activities to reduce the incidence of 
        obstetric fistula, including the conduct of appropriate 
        seminars and the dissemination of appropriate 
        educational materials, such as brochures, pamphlets, 
        and posters.
            (iv) Activities to expand access to contraception 
        services for the prevention of pregnancies among women 
        whose age or health status place them at high risk of 
        prolonged or obstructed childbirth.
    (D) Each center established pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that women who 
suffer from obstetric fistula as a result of sexual abuse 
during conflicts or as a result of official abuse receive 
preference in receiving services described in clauses (i) and 
(ii) of subparagraph (C).
    (E) Not later than January 31, 2008, the President shall 
prepare and transmit to Congress a report on the implementation 
of this paragraph for fiscal years 2006 and 2007.
    (F) In this paragraph, the term ``obstetric fistula'' means 
a rupture or hole in tissues surrounding a woman's vagina, 
bladder, or rectum that occurs when the woman is in obstructed 
childbirth for a prolonged period of time without adequate 
medical attention.
    [(4)] (5) Relationship to other laws.--Assistance made 
available under this subsection and sections 104A, 104B, and 
104C, and assistance made available under chapter 4 of part II 
to carry out the purposes of this subsection and the provisions 
cited in this paragraph, may be made available notwithstanding 
any other provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign 
countries, except for the provisions of this subsection, the 
provisions of law cited in this paragraph, subsection (f), 
section 634A of this Act, and provisions of law that limit 
assistance to organizations that support or participate in a 
program of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization 
included under the Child Survival and Health Programs Fund 
heading in the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003 
(Public Law 108-7).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 116. Human Rights.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (d) The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Speaker of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, by February 25 of each year, a full 
and complete report regarding--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            [(10) for each country with respect to which the 
        report indicates that extrajudicial killings, torture, 
        or other serious violations of human rights have 
        occurred in the country, the extent to which the United 
        States has taken or will take action to encourage an 
        end to such practices in the country; and]
            (10) for each country with respect to which the 
        report indicates that extrajudicial killings, torture, 
        or other serious violations of human rights have 
        occurred in the country, a strategy, including a 
        specific list of priorities and an action plan, to end 
        such practices in the country, and any actions taken in 
        the previous year to end such practices in the country;
            (11)(A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (C) such other information related to the use by 
        such government of individuals under the age of 18 as 
        soldiers, as determined to be appropriate by the 
        Secretary[.];
            (12) wherever applicable, a description of the 
        nature and extent of--
                    (A) propaganda in foreign government and 
                foreign government-controlled media and other 
                sources, including foreign government-produced 
                educational materials and textbooks, that 
                attempt to justify or promote racial hatred or 
                incite acts of violence against any race or 
                people;
                    (B) complicity or involvement by the 
                foreign government in the creation of such 
                propaganda or incitement of acts of violence 
                against any race or people; and
                    (C) a description of the actions, if any, 
                taken by the foreign government to eliminate 
                such propaganda or incitement; and
            (13)(A) wherever applicable, a description of the 
        nature and extent of laws and traditions in each 
        country that enable or encourage the practice of child 
        marriage; and
            (B) a description of the actions, if any, taken by 
        the government of each such country to revise the laws 
        of such country and institutionalize comprehensive 
        procedures and practices to eliminate child marriage.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 2--Other Programs

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 TITLE II--AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD; PROTOTYPE DESALTING 
PLANT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 240. Small Business Development.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Support for Small and Medium Enterprises in Sub-Saharan 
Africa.--
            (1) Support.--The Corporation is commended for its 
        activities in support of the development of small and 
        medium enterprises, and is encouraged to exercise its 
        authorities to promote investments in financial 
        institutions that are duly incorporated in sub-Saharan 
        African countries, to the extent that the purpose of 
        such investments is to expand investment and lending 
        opportunities to small and medium enterprises that--
                    (A) are substantially owned by nationals of 
                sub-Saharan African countries; and
                    (B) are engaged in domestic commerce or 
                international trade in sectors such as housing, 
                agriculture, fishing, textiles and apparel, 
                tourism, electronics, technology, 
                manufacturing, and services.
            (2) Consideration.--In making a determination to 
        provide insurance and financing to financial 
        institutions referred to in paragraph (1), the 
        Corporation should take into consideration the extent 
        to which a project establishes and implements a 
        nondiscrimination in lending policy to prohibit 
        discrimination based on ethnicity, sex, color, race, 
        religion, physical disability, marital status, or age.
            (3) Technical assistance.--In supporting a project 
        referred to in paragraph (1), the Corporation may 
        provide technical assistance to--
                    (A) improve the quality of management of 
                financial institutions referred to in paragraph 
                (1) to ensure the safety and stability of such 
                institutions;
                    (B) create in such financial institutions 
                effective credit risk management systems to 
                improve the quality of the assets of such 
                institutions and the ability of such 
                institutions to research and assess the overall 
                credit risk of critical industries in the 
                domestic economy; and
                    (C) support effective credit risk 
                management by developing internal credit rating 
                systems and credit assessment tools that 
                improve the ability of such financial 
                institutions to evaluate individual credit 
                worthiness and measure the overall amount of 
                risk posed by the total number of borrowers.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 6--Central America Democracy, Peace, and Development Initiative

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 489.   REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.--Not 
later than March 1 of each year, the President shall transmit 
to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, a report 
containing the following:
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (8) In addition, the efforts of the United States 
        to foster the culture of lawfulness in countries around 
        the world.
            (9)(A) A separate section on all foreign law 
        enforcement training and assistance that is provided to 
        foreign law enforcement personnel and other related 
        governmental authorities by the Department of State, 
        the Department of Defense, the Department of Justice, 
        and the United States Agency for International 
        Development during the previous fiscal year and all 
        such training proposed for the current fiscal year.
            (B) The section on foreign law enforcement training 
        and assistance shall include the following:
                    (i) For each law enforcement training 
                activity--
                            (I) the purpose of the activity and 
                        the foreign policy justification for 
                        the activity;
                            (II) the number of foreign law 
                        enforcement personnel who are provided 
                        training, their units of operation, and 
                        countries of origin;
                            (III) the type of training 
                        activity;
                            (IV) the location of the training 
                        activity;
                            (V) the department or agency of the 
                        United States Government which is 
                        conducting the training, by unit or 
                        office; and
                            (VI) the cost of the training 
                        activity and the specific budgetary 
                        account from which the cost is paid.
                    (ii) For other law enforcement assistance--
                            (I) the purpose of the assistance 
                        and the foreign policy justification 
                        for the assistance;
                            (II) the type of assistance;
                            (III) the department or agency of 
                        the United States Government which is 
                        providing the assistance, by unit or 
                        office, where applicable; and
                            (IV) the cost of the assistance and 
                        the specific budgetary account from 
                        which the cost is paid.
                    (iii) For each country--
                            (I) the aggregate number of 
                        students trained;
                            (II) the aggregate cost of the law 
                        enforcement training and other law 
                        enforcement assistance; and
                            (III) a plan describing the law 
                        enforcement assistance and rule of law 
                        programs of the relevant departments 
                        and agencies of the United States 
                        Government.
            (C) Form.--The report required by this paragraph 
        shall be in unclassified form but may include a 
        classified annex.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


              Chapter 9--International Disaster Assistance

    Sec. 491. Policy and General Authority.--(a) * * *
    (b) Subject to the limitations in section 492, and 
notwithstanding any other provision of this or any other Act, 
the President is authorized to furnish assistance to any 
foreign country, international organization, or private 
voluntary organization, on such terms and conditions as he may 
determine, for international disaster relief and 
rehabilitation, including assistance relating to disaster 
preparedness, and to the prediction of, and contingency 
planning for, natural disasters abroad. Assistance relating to 
disaster preparedness under the preceding sentence shall 
include assistance to encourage the use of disaster mitigation 
techniques, including to assist communities to build in safer 
locations, construct sturdier dwellings, enforce sound building 
codes and practices, and protect natural ecosystems.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                PART II

Chapter 1--Policy

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 502B. Human Rights.--(a) * * *
    (b) The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Congress, 
as part of the presentation materials for security assistance 
programs proposed for each fiscal year, a full and complete 
report, prepared with the assistance of the Assistant Secretary 
of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor and with the 
assistance of the Ambassador at Large for International 
Religious Freedom, with respect to practices regarding the 
observance of and respect for internationally recognized human 
rights in each country proposed as a recipient of security 
assistance. Wherever applicable, such report shall include 
consolidated information regarding the commission of war 
crimes, crimes against humanity, and evidence of acts that may 
constitute genocide (as defined in article 2 of the Convention 
on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and 
modified by the United States instrument of ratification to 
that convention and section 2(a) of the Genocide Convention 
Implementation Act of 1987). Wherever applicable, such report 
shall include information on practices regarding coercion in 
population control, including coerced abortion and involuntary 
sterilization. Such report shall also include, wherever 
applicable, information on violations of religious freedom, 
including particularly severe violations of religious freedom 
(as defined in section 3 of the International Religious Freedom 
Act of 1998). Wherever applicable, a description of the nature 
and extent of acts of anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic incitement 
that occur, including the descriptions of such acts required 
under section 116(d)(8). [Such report shall also include, for 
each country with respect to which the report indicates that 
extrajudicial killings, torture, or other serious violations of 
human rights have occurred in the country, the extent to which 
the United States has taken or will take action to encourage an 
end to such practices in the country.] Such report shall also 
include, for each country with respect to which the report 
indicates that extrajudicial killings, torture, or other 
serious violations of human rights have occurred in the 
country, a strategy, including a specific list of priorities 
and an action plan, to end such practices in the country, and 
any actions taken in the previous year to end such practices in 
the country. Each report under this section shall list the 
votes of each member of the United Nations Commission on Human 
Rights on all country-specific and thematic resolutions voted 
on at the Commission's annual session during the period covered 
during the preceding year. Each report under this section shall 
describe the extent to which each country has extended 
protection to refugees, including the provision of first asylum 
and resettlement. Each report under this section shall also 
include (i) wherever applicable, a description of the nature 
and extent of the compulsory recruitment and conscription of 
individuals under the age of 18 by armed forces of the 
government of the country, government-supported paramilitaries, 
or other armed groups, the participation of such individuals in 
such groups, and the nature and extent that such individuals 
take a direct part in hostilities, (ii) what steps, if any, 
taken by the government of the country to eliminate such 
practices, and (iii) such other information related to the use 
by such government of individuals under the age of 18 as 
soldiers, as determined to be appropriate by the Secretary of 
State. Each report under this section shall also include, 
wherever applicable, a description of the nature and extent of 
propaganda in foreign government and foreign government-
controlled media and other sources, including foreign 
government-produced educational materials and textbooks, that 
attempt to justify or promote racial hatred or incite acts of 
violence against any race or people, complicity or involvement 
by the foreign government in the creation of such propaganda or 
incitement of acts of violence against any race or people, and 
a description of the actions, if any, taken by the foreign 
government to eliminate such propaganda or incitement. Each 
report under this section shall also include, wherever 
applicable, a description of the nature and extent of laws and 
traditions in each country that enable or encourage the 
practice of child marriage and a description of the actions, if 
any, taken by the government of each such country to revise the 
laws of such country and institutionalize comprehensive 
procedures and practices to eliminate child marriage. In 
determining whether a government falls within the provisions of 
subsection (a)(3) and in the preparation of any report or 
statement required under this section, consideration shall be 
given to--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 535. REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ASSISTANCE FOR EGYPT.

    (a) Requirement for Assistance.--Assistance may be provided 
for Egypt under this chapter for a fiscal year only if Egypt 
provides to the United States for the fiscal year a proposal 
described in subsection (b) that is evaluated and approved in 
accordance with subsection (c).
    (b) Proposal.--
            (1) In general.--A proposal described in this 
        subsection is a proposal that reflects Egyptian 
        priorities to use assistance provided under this 
        chapter to meet the requirements of paragraph (2).
            (2) Requirements.--The requirements described in 
        this paragraph are--
                    (A) promoting economic growth (including 
                economic freedom);
                    (B) reducing poverty;
                    (C) improving humanitarian conditions among 
                the poorest individuals in Egypt;
                    (D) improving education and health systems 
                for the people of Egypt;
                    (E) reducing corruption in the public and 
                private sectors; and
                    (F) strengthening democratic institutions 
                and individual freedoms.
    (c) Evaluation and Approval of Proposal.--
            (1) Evaluation.--The President, acting through the 
        Secretary of State, and in consultation with the 
        Secretary of the Treasury, the United States Trade 
        Representative, and the Administrator of the United 
        States Agency for International Development, shall 
        evaluate the proposal provided to the United States 
        pursuant to subsection (a) to determine the extent to 
        which the proposal meets the requirements of 
        subparagraphs (A) through (F) of subsection (b)(2).
            (2) Approval.--The President shall approve the 
        proposal only if the President determines that--
                    (A) the proposal sufficiently meets the 
                requirements of subparagraphs (A) through (F) 
                of subsection (b)(2) in a manner that achieves, 
                in particular, lasting economic growth and 
                poverty reduction and substantially 
                strengthened democratic institutions and 
                individual freedoms; and
                    (B) the Government of Egypt--
                            (i) has adopted and implemented 
                        reforms necessary to implement the 
                        proposal;
                            (ii) has implemented the proposal 
                        provided to the United States and 
                        approved for the prior fiscal year in 
                        accordance with the requirements of 
                        subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 
                        subsection (b)(2); and
                            (iii) has demonstrated high 
                        standards of fiduciary controls and 
                        accountability with respect to 
                        assistance provided for Egypt under 
                        this chapter.
    (d) Suspension and Termination of Assistance.--The 
President, acting through the Secretary of State, may suspend 
or terminate assistance in whole or in part for Egypt under 
this chapter if the President determines that the Government of 
Egypt is not implementing the proposal in accordance with the 
requirements of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of subsection 
(b)(2).
    (e) Cash Assistance.--
            (1) Requirement.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this section, cash assistance may be 
        provided to Egypt under this chapter for a fiscal year 
        pursuant to the memorandum of understanding specified 
        in paragraph (2) only if a proposal provided to the 
        United States pursuant to subsection (a) for the fiscal 
        year has been evaluated and approved in accordance with 
        subsection (c).
            (2) Memorandum of understanding.--The memorandum of 
        understanding specified in this paragraph is the 
        memorandum of understanding agreed to by the Government 
        of the United States and the Government of Egypt in 
        March 2005, including any modification to the 
        memorandum of understanding, except--
                    (A) a modification to increase the amounts 
                of assistance agreed to be provided under the 
                memorandum of understanding; or
                    (B) a modification to reduce significantly 
                the scope of, or to extend significantly the 
                time for, the performance by Egypt of 
                obligations that it has undertaken under the 
                memorandum of understanding.
    (f) Congressional Notification.--Assistance may not be 
obligated for Egypt under this chapter until 30 days after the 
date on which the President has provided notice thereof to the 
Committee on International Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and to the 
Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate in accordance with the procedures 
applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) 
of this Act.
    (g) Report.--The President, acting through the Secretary of 
State, shall prepare and transmit to the Committee on 
International Relations of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report for each 
fiscal year that contains--
            (1) the proposal provided to the United States 
        pursuant to subsection (a) for the fiscal year; and
            (2) the evaluation of the proposal carried out 
        pursuant to subsection (c)(1).
    (h) Rule of Construction.--The provisions of this section 
shall not be superseded except by a provision of law enacted 
after the date of the enactment of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007, which 
specifically repeals, modifies, or supersedes the provisions of 
this section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


        Chapter 5--International Military Education and Training

    Sec. 541. General Authority.--(a) The President is 
authorized to furnish, on such terms and conditions consistent 
with this Act as the President may determine (but whenever 
feasible on a reimbursable basis), military education and 
training to military and related civilian personnel of foreign 
countries. Such civilian personnel shall include foreign 
governmental personnel of ministries other than ministries of 
defense, and may also include legislators and individuals who 
are not members of the government, if the military education 
and training would (i) contribute to responsible defense 
resource management, (ii) foster greater respect for and 
understanding of the principle of civilian control of the 
military, (iii) contribute to cooperation between military and 
law enforcement personnel with respect to counternarcotics law 
enforcement efforts, or (iv) improve military justice systems 
and procedures in accordance with internationally recognized 
human rights. Such training and education may be provided 
through--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (b) The President shall seek reimbursement for military 
education and training furnished under this chapter from 
countries using assistance under section 23 of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763; relating to the the Foreign 
Military Financing Program) to purchase such military education 
and training at a rate comparable to the rate charged to 
countries receiving grant assistance for military education and 
training under this chapter.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                PART III

Chapter 1--General Provisions

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 620A. PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO GOVERNMENTS SUPPORTING 
                    INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.

    (a) Prohibition.--The United States shall not provide any 
assistance under this Act, the Agricultural Trade Development 
and Assistance Act of 1954, the Peace Corps Act, or the Export-
Import Bank Act of 1945 to any country if the Secretary of 
State determines that the government of that country has 
repeatedly provided support for acts of international 
terrorism. The prohibition contained in the preceding sentence 
shall not apply with respect to assistance under part I 
(including chapter 4 of part II) of this Act provided in 
support of programs of a pro-democracy or human rights 
organization located or operating in a country described in 
such sentence, if, at least 30 days before obligating funds for 
such assistance, the Secretary of State notifies (in classified 
or unclassified form) the congressional committees specified in 
section 634A(a) of this Act in accordance with the procedures 
applicable to reprogramming notifications under that section 
that the pro-democracy or human rights organization opposes the 
use of terrorism, supports democracy and respect for human 
rights, including the equality of women and ethnic and 
religious minorities, and supports freedoms of the press, 
speech, association, and religion.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. [620G] 620J. DEPLETED URANIUM AMMUNITION.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 620K. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY.

    (a) Limitation.--Assistance may be provided under this Act 
or any other provision of law to the Palestinian Authority only 
during a period for which a certification described in 
subsection (b) is in effect.
    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this 
subsection is a certification transmitted by the President to 
Congress that contains a determination of the President that--
            (1) providing direct assistance to the Palestinian 
        Authority is important to the national security 
        interests of the United States; and
            (2) the Palestinian Authority--
                    (A) is committed to and has initiated the 
                process of purging from its security services 
                individuals with ties to terrorism;
                    (B) has made demonstrable progress toward 
                dismantling the terrorist infrastructure, 
                confiscating unauthorized weapons, arresting 
                and bringing terrorists to justice, destroying 
                unauthorized arms factories, thwarting and 
                preempting terrorist attacks, and is fully 
                cooperating with Israel's security services;
                    (C) has made demonstrable progress toward 
                halting all anti-Israel incitement in 
                Palestinian Authority-controlled electronic and 
                print media and in schools, mosques, and other 
                institutions it controls, and is replacing 
                these materials, including textbooks, with 
                materials that promote tolerance, peace, and 
                coexistence with Israel;
                    (D) has taken effective steps to ensure 
                democracy, the rule of law, and an independent 
                judiciary, and has adopted other reforms such 
                as ensuring transparent and accountable 
                governance;
                    (E) is committed to ensuring that all 
                elections within areas it administers to be 
                free, fair, and transparent; and
                    (F) is undertaking verifiable efforts to 
                ensure the financial transparency and 
                accountability of all government ministries and 
                operations.
    (c) Recertifications.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date on which the President transmits to Congress an initial 
certification under subsection (b), and every 6 months 
thereafter--
            (1) the President shall transmit to Congress a 
        recertification that the requirements contained in 
        subsection (b) are continuing to be met; or
            (2) if the President is unable to make such a 
        recertification, the President shall transmit to 
        Congress a report that contains the reasons therefor.
    (d) Congressional Notification.--Assistance made available 
under this Act or any other provision of law to the Palestinian 
Authority may not be provided until 15 days after the date on 
which the President has provided notice thereof to the 
Committee on International Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives and to the 
Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate in accordance with the procedures 
applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 634A(a) 
of this Act.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 2--Administrative Provisions

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 655. ANNUAL MILITARY ASSISTANCE REPORT.

    (a) * * *
    (b) Information Relating to Military Assistance and 
Military Exports.--Each such report shall show the aggregate 
dollar value and quantity of defense articles (including excess 
defense articles), defense services, and international military 
education and training activities authorized by the United 
States and of such articles, services, and activities provided 
by the United States, excluding any activity that is reportable 
under title V of the National Security Act of 1947, to each 
foreign country and international organization. The report 
shall specify, by category, whether such defense articles--
            (1) * * *
            (2) were furnished with the financial assistance of 
        the United States Government, including through loans 
        and guarantees; [or]
            (3) were licensed for export under section 38 of 
        the Arms Export Control Act and, if so, a specification 
        of those defense articles that were exported during the 
        fiscal year covered by the report, including, in the 
        case of defense articles that are firearms controlled 
        under category I of the United States Munitions List, a 
        statement of the aggregate dollar value and quantity of 
        semiautomatic assault weapons, or spare parts for such 
        weapons, the manufacture, transfer, or possession of 
        which is unlawful under section 922 of title 18, United 
        States Code, that were licensed for export during the 
        period covered by the report[.]; or
            (4) were exported without a license under section 
        38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) 
        pursuant to an exemption established under the 
        International Traffic in Arms Regulations, other than 
        defense articles exported in furtherance of a letter of 
        offer and acceptance under the Foreign Military Sales 
        program or a technical assistance or manufacturing 
        license agreement, including the specific exemption 
        provision in the regulation under which the export was 
        made
    [(c) Availability on Internet.--All unclassified portions 
of such report shall be made available to the public on the 
Internet through the Department of State.]
    (c) Availability of Report Information on the Internet.--
            (1) Requirement for database.--The Secretary of 
        State, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, 
        shall make available to the public the unclassified 
        portion of each such report in the form of a database 
        that is available via the Internet and that may be 
        searched by various criteria.
            (2) Schedule for updating.--Not later than April 1 
        of each year, the Secretary of State shall make 
        available in the database the information contained in 
        the annual report for the fiscal year ending the 
        previous September 30.

SEC. 656. ANNUAL FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING REPORT.

    (a) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than [January 31] March 
        1 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
        all military training provided to foreign military 
        personnel by the Department of Defense and the 
        Department of State during the previous fiscal year 
        [and all such training proposed for the current fiscal 
        year].

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 660. Prohibiting Police Training.--(a) * * *
    (b) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply--
            (1) * * *
            [(2) to any contract entered into prior to the date 
        of enactment of this section with any person, 
        organization, or agency of the United States Government 
        to provide personnel to conduct, or assist in 
        conducting, any such program;]
            [(3)] (2) with respect to assistance, including 
        training, in maritime law enforcement and other 
        maritime skills;
            [(4)] (3) with respect to assistance provided to 
        police forces in connection with their participation in 
        the regional security system of the Eastern Caribbean 
        states; [or]
            [(5)] (4) with respect to assistance, including 
        training, relating to sanctions monitoring and 
        enforcement;
            [(6)] (5) with respect to assistance to any 
        national, regional, district, municipal, or other sub-
        national governmental entity of a foreign country 
        provided to reconstitute civilian police authority and 
        capability in the post-conflict restoration of host 
        nation infrastructure for the purposes of supporting a 
        nation emerging from instability[, and the provision of 
        professional public safety training, to include 
        training in internationally recognized standards of 
        human rights, the rule of law, anti-corruption, and the 
        promotion of civilian police roles that support 
        democracy];
            [(7)] (6) with respect to assistance provided to 
        customs authorities and personnel, including training, 
        technical assistance and equipment, for customs law 
        enforcement and the improvement of customs laws, 
        systems and procedures[.];
            (7) with respect to assistance to combat corruption 
        in furtherance of the objectives for which programs are 
        authorized to be established under section 133 of this 
        Act;
            (8) with respect to the provision of professional 
        public safety training to any national, regional, 
        district, municipal, or other sub-national governmental 
        entity of a foreign country, particularly training in 
        international recognized standards of human rights, the 
        rule of law, conflict prevention, and the promotion of 
        civilian police roles that support democratic 
        governance and foster improved police relations between 
        law enforcement forces and the communities in which 
        they serve;
            (9) with respect to assistance to combat 
        trafficking in persons, particularly trafficking in 
        persons by organized crime; or
            (10) with respect to assistance in direct support 
        of developing capabilities for and deployment to 
        impending or ongoing peace operations of the United 
        Nations or comparable regional organizations.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(d) Notwithstanding the prohibition contained in 
subsection (a), assistance may be provided to Honduras or El 
Salvador for fiscal years 1986 and 1987 if, at least 30 days 
before providing assistance, the President notifies the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, in 
accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming 
notifications pursuant to section 634A of this Act, that he has 
determined that the government of the recipient country has 
made significant progress, during the preceding six months, in 
eliminating any human rights violations including torture, 
incommunicado detention, detention of persons solely for the 
non-violent expression of their political views, or prolonged 
detention without trial. Any such notification shall include a 
full description of the assistance which is proposed to be 
provided and of the purposes to which it is to be directed.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


     SECTION 207 OF THE INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ACT OF 1998

SEC. 207. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Commission [$3,000,000 for the fiscal year 2003] $3,300,000 
for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2011 to carry out the 
provisions of this title.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Amounts authorized to be 
appropriated under [subparagraph] subsection (a) are authorized 
to remain available until expended but not later than the date 
of termination of the Commission.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


  SECTION 633 OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE, JUSTICE, AND STATE, THE 
        JUDICIARY, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2004

    Sec. 633. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (e) The [United States, through the Department of State, 
shall retain ownership of the Palazzo Corpi building in 
Istanbul, Turkey, and the] Secretary of State shall be 
responsible for maintaining the International Center for Middle 
Eastern-Western Dialogue [at such location] at an appropriate 
location.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


          UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT OF 1994



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
        TITLE III--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT

SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``United States 
International Broadcasting Act of 1994''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 304. ESTABLISHMENT OF BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (g) Immunity from Civil Liability.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, any and all limitations on liability 
that apply to the members of the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors also shall apply to such members when acting in their 
capacities as members of the boards of directors of RFE/RL, 
Incorporated, the Middle East Broadcasting Networks, and Radio 
Free Asia.

SEC. 305. AUTHORITIES OF THE BOARD.

    (a) Authorities.--The Board shall have the following 
authorities:
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (5) To make and supervise grants for broadcasting and 
        related activities in accordance with sections [308 and 
        309] 308, 309, and 309A.
          (6) To allocate funds appropriated for international 
        broadcasting activities among the various elements of 
        the International Broadcasting Bureau and grantees, 
        subject to the limitations in sections [308 and 309] 
        308, 309, and 309A and subject to reprogramming 
        notification requirements in law for the reallocation 
        of funds.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (19)(A) To provide for the payment of primary and 
        secondary school expenses for dependents of personnel 
        stationed in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
        Islands (CNMI) at a cost not to exceed expenses 
        authorized by the Department of Defense for such 
        schooling for dependents of members of the Armed Forces 
        stationed in the Commonwealth, if the Board determines 
        that schools available in the Commonwealth are unable 
        to provide adequately for the education of the 
        dependents of such personnel.
            (B) To provide transportation for dependents of 
        such personnel between their places of residence and 
        those schools for which expenses are provided under 
        subparagraph (A), if the Board determines that such 
        schools are not accessible by public means of 
        transportation.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Broadcasting Budgets.--
          The Director of the Bureau and the grantees 
        identified in sections [308 and 309] 308, 309, and 309A 
        shall submit proposed budgets to the Board. The Board 
        shall forward its recommendations concerning the 
        proposed budget for the Board and broadcasting 
        activities under this title, the Radio Broadcasting to 
        Cuba Act, and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act 
        to the Office of Management and Budget.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 307. INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING BUREAU.

    (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established an 
International Broadcasting Bureau under the Board (hereafter in 
this title referred to as the ``Bureau''), to carry out all 
nonmilitary international broadcasting activities supported by 
the United States Government other than those described in 
sections [308 and 309] 308, 309, and 309A.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Responsibilities of the Director.--The Director shall 
organize and chair a coordinating committee to examine and make 
recommendations to the Board on long-term strategies for the 
future of international broadcasting, including the use of new 
technologies, further consolidation of broadcast services, and 
consolidation of currently existing public affairs and 
legislative relations functions in the various international 
broadcasting entities. The coordinating committee shall include 
representatives of Radio Free Asia, the Middle East 
Broadcasting Networks, RFE/RL, Incorporated, the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors, and, as appropriate, the Office of Cuba 
Broadcasting, the Voice of America, and Worldnet.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 309. RADIO FREE ASIA.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Grant Agreement.--Any grant agreement or grants under 
this section shall be subject to the following limitations and 
restrictions:
          (1) * * *
          (2) Any grant agreement under this section shall 
        require that any contract entered into by Radio Free 
        Asia shall specify that all obligations are assumed by 
        Radio Free Asia and not by the United States 
        Government[, and shall further specify that funds to 
        carry out the activities of Radio Free Asia may not be 
        available after September 30, 2009].

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(f) Sunset Provision.--The Board may not make any grant 
for the purpose of operating Radio Free Asia after September 
30, 2009.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 309A. MIDDLE EAST BROADCASTING NETWORKS.

    (a) Authority.--Grants authorized under section 305 shall 
be available to make annual grants to the Middle East 
Broadcasting Networks for the purpose of carrying out radio and 
television broadcasting to the Middle East region.
    (b) Function.--Middle East Broadcasting Networks shall 
provide radio and television programming consistent with the 
broadcasting standards and broadcasting principles set forth in 
section 303.
    (c) Grant Agreement.--Any grant agreement or grants under 
this section shall be subject to the following limitations and 
restrictions:
            (1) The Board may not make any grant to the non-
        profit corporation, Middle East Broadcasting Networks, 
        unless its certificate of incorporation provides that--
                    (A) The Board of Directors of Middle East 
                Broadcasting Networks shall consist of the 
                members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors 
                established under section 304 and of no other 
                members.
                    (B) Such Board of Directors shall make all 
                major policy determinations governing the 
                operation of Middle East Broadcasting Networks, 
                and shall appoint and fix the compensation of 
                such managerial officers and employees of 
                Middle East Broadcasting Networks as it 
                considers necessary to carry out the purposes 
                of the grant provided under this title, except 
                that no officer or employee may be paid basic 
                compensation at a rate in excess of the rate 
                for level II of the Executive Schedule as 
                provided under section 5313 of title 5, United 
                States Code.
            (2) Any grant agreement under this section shall 
        require that any contract entered into by Middle East 
        Broadcasting Networks shall specify that all 
        obligations are assumed by Middle East Broadcasting 
        Networks and not by the United States Government.
            (3) Any grant agreement shall require that any 
        lease agreement entered into by Middle East 
        Broadcasting Networks shall be, to the maximum extent 
        possible, assignable to the United States Government.
            (4) Grants awarded under this section shall be made 
        pursuant to a grant agreement which requires that grant 
        funds be used only for activities consistent with this 
        section, and that failure to comply with such 
        requirements shall permit the grant to be terminated 
        without fiscal obligation to the United States.
            (5) Duplication of language services and technical 
        operations between the Middle East Broadcasting 
        Networks (including Radio Sawa), RFE/RL, and the 
        International Broadcasting Bureau will be reduced to 
        the extent appropriate, as determined by the Board.
    (d) Not a Federal Agency or Instrumentality.--Nothing in 
this title may be construed to make--
            (1) the Middle East Broadcasting Networks a Federal 
        agency or instrumentality; or
            (2) the officers or employees of the Middle East 
        Broadcasting Networks officers or employees of the 
        United States Government.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


            SECTION 3 OF THE RADIO BROADCASTING TO CUBA ACT

    Sec. 3. (a) * * *
    [(b) Radio broadcasting in accordance with subsection (a) 
shall be part of the Voice of America radio broadcasting to 
Cuba and shall be in accordance with all Voice of America 
standards to ensure the broadcast of programs which are 
objective, accurate, balanced, and which present a variety of 
views.
    [(c) Radio broadcasting to Cuba authorized by this Act 
shall utilize the broadcasting facilities located at Marathon, 
Florida, and the 1180 AM frequency that were used by the Voice 
of America prior to the date of enactment of this Act. Other 
frequencies, not on the commercial Amplitude Modulation (AM) 
Band (535 kHz to 1605 kHz), may also be simultaneously 
utilized: Provided, That no frequency shall be used for radio 
broadcasts to Cuba in accordance with this Act which is not 
also used for all other Voice of America broadcasts to Cuba. 
Time leased from nongovernmental shortwave radio stations may 
be used to carry all or part of the Service programs and to 
rebroadcast Service programs: Provided, That not less than 30 
per centum of the programs broadcast or rebroadcast shall be 
regular Voice of America broadcasts with particular emphasis on 
news and programs meeting the requirements of section 503(2) of 
Public Law 80-402.
    [(d) Notwithstanding subsection (c), in the event that 
broadcasts to Cuba on the 1180 AM frequency are subject to 
jamming or interference greater by 25 per centum or more than 
the average daily jamming or interference in the twelve months 
preceding September 1, 1983, the Broadcasting Board of 
Governors may lease time on commercial or noncommercial 
educational AM band radio broadcasting stations. The Federal 
Communications Commission shall determine levels of jamming and 
interference by conducting regular monitoring of the 1180 AM 
frequency. In the event that more than two hours a day of time 
is leased, not less than 30 per centum of the programing 
broadcast shall be regular Voice of America broadcasts with 
particular emphasis on news and programs meeting the 
requirements of section 503(2) of Public Law 80-402.
    [(e) Any program of United States Government radio 
broadcasts to Cuba authorized by this section shall be 
designated ``Voice of America: Cuba Service'' or ``Voice of 
America: Radio Marti program''.
    [(f) In the event broadcasting facilities located at 
Marathon, Florida, are rendered inoperable by natural disaster 
or by unlawful destruction, the Broadcasting Board of Governors 
may, for the period in which the facilities are inoperable but 
not to exceed one hundred and fifty days, use other United 
States Government-owned transmission facilities for Voice of 
America broadcasts to Cuba authorized by this Act.]
    (b) To effect radio broadcasting to Cuba, the Board is 
authorized to utilize the United States International 
Broadcasting facilities located in Marathon, Florida, and the 
1180 AM frequency used at those facilities. In addition to the 
above facilities, the Board may simultaneously utilize other 
governmental and nongovernmental broadcasting transmission 
facilities and other frequencies, including the Amplitude 
Modulation (AM) band, the Frequency Modulation (FM) band, and 
the Shortwave (SW) band. The Board may lease time on commercial 
or noncommercial educational AM band, FM band, and SW band 
radio broadcasting stations to carry a portion of the service 
programs or to rebroadcast service programs.
    (c) Any service program of United States Government radio 
broadcasts to Cuba authorized by this section shall be 
designated ``Radio Marti program''.
                              ----------                              


                        ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
    Chapter 1.--FOREIGN AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY OBJECTIVES AND 
RESTRAINTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 3. Eligibility.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c)(1)(A) No credits (including participations in credits) 
may be issued and no guaranties may be extended for any foreign 
country under this Act as hereinafter provided, if such country 
uses defense articles or defense services furnished under this 
Act, [or any predecessor Act,] any predecessor Act, or licensed 
or approved under section 38 of this Act, to carry out a 
transaction with a country, the government of which the 
Secretary of State has determined is a state sponsor of 
international terrorism for purposes of section 6(j)(1) of the 
Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)), 
or otherwise uses such defense articles or defense services in 
substantial violation (either in terms of quantities or in 
terms of the gravity of the consequences regardless of the 
quantities involved) of any agreement entered into pursuant to 
any such Act (i) by using such articles or services for a 
purpose not authorized under section 4 or, if such agreement 
provides that such articles or services may only be used for 
purposes more limited than those authorized under section 4 for 
a purpose not authorized under such agreement; (ii) by 
transferring such articles or services to, or permitting any 
use of such articles or services by, anyone not an officer, 
employee, or agent of the recipient country without the consent 
of the President; or (iii) by failing to maintain the security 
of such articles or services.
    (B) No cash sales or deliveries pursuant to previous sales 
may be made with respect to any foreign country under this Act 
as hereinafter provided, if such country uses defense articles 
or defense services furnished under this Act, [or any 
predecessor Act,] any predecessor Act, or licensed or approved 
under section 38 of this Act, to carry out a transaction with a 
country, the government of which the Secretary of State has 
determined is a state sponsor of international terrorism for 
purposes of section 6(j)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 
1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)), or otherwise uses such 
defense articles or defense services in substantial violation 
(either in terms of quantity or in terms of the gravity of the 
consequences regardless of the quantities involved) of any 
agreement entered into pursuant to any such Act by using such 
articles or services for a purpose not authorized under section 
4 or, if such agreement provides that such articles or services 
may only be used for purposes more limited than those 
authorized under section 4, for a purpose not authorized under 
such agreement.
    (C) In this section, the term ``transaction'' means the 
taking of any action, directly or indirectly, by a foreign 
country that would be a transaction prohibited by section 40 of 
this Act with respect to the United States Government and 
United States persons.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (e) If the President receives any information that a 
transfer of any defense article, or related training or other 
defense service, has been made without his consent as required 
under this section or under section 505 of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961, regardless of whether the article or 
service has been sold or otherwise furnished by the United 
States Government or licensed under section 38 of this Act, he 
shall report such information immediately to the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations 
of the Senate.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


           Chapter 2.--FOREIGN MILITARY SALES AUTHORIZATIONS

    Sec. 21. Sales From Stocks.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (h)(1) The President is authorized to provide (without 
charge) quality assurance, inspection, contract administration 
services, and contract audit defense services under this 
section--
            (A) in connection with the placement or 
        administration of any contract or subcontract for 
        defense articles, defense services, or design and 
        construction services entered into after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection by, or under this Act on 
        behalf of, a foreign government which is a member of 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the 
        Governments of Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or 
        Israel, if such government provides such services in 
        accordance with an agreement on a reciprocal basis, 
        without charge, to the United States Government; or

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (2) In carrying out the objectives of this section, the 
President is authorized to provide cataloging data and 
cataloging services, without charge, to the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization [or to any member government of that 
Organization if that Organization or member government], to any 
member of that Organization, or to the Governments of 
Australia, New Zealand, Japan, or Israel if that Organization, 
member government, or the Governments of Australia, New 
Zealand, Japan, or Israel provides such data and services in 
accordance with an agreement on a reciprocal basis, without 
charge, to the United States Government.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Chapter 3.--MILITARY EXPORT CONTROLS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 36. Reports on Commercial and Governmental Military 
Exports; Congressional Action.--(a) The President shall 
transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to 
the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate not more than sixty days after the end of each quarter 
an unclassified report (except that any material which was 
transmitted in classified form under subsection (b)(1) or 
(c)(1) of this section may be contained in a classified 
addendum to such report, and any letter of offer referred to in 
paragraph (1) of this subsection may be listed in such addendum 
unless such letter of offer has been the subject of an 
unclassified certification pursuant to subsection (b)(1) of 
this section, and any information provided under paragraph (11) 
of this subsection may also be provided in a classified 
addendum) containing--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (11) a report on all concluded government-to-
        government agreements regarding foreign coproduction of 
        defense articles of United States origin and all other 
        concluded agreements involving coproduction or licensed 
        production outside of the United States of defense 
        articles of United States origin (including 
        coproduction memoranda of understanding or agreement) 
        that have not been previously reported under this 
        subsection, which shall include--
                    (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (D) if any such agreement does not provide 
                for United States access to and verification of 
                quantities of articles produced overseas and 
                their disposition in the foreign country, a 
                description of alternative measures and 
                controls incorporated in the coproduction or 
                licensing program to ensure compliance with 
                restrictions in the agreement on production 
                quantities and third-party transfers; [and]
            (12) a report on all exports of significant 
        military equipment for which information has been 
        provided pursuant to section 38(i)[.]; and
            (13) a report on the number of civilian and 
        military officers assigned to munitions export 
        licensing at the Department of State and their average 
        weekly workload for both open and closed cases.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c)(1) Subject to paragraph (5), in the case of an 
application by a person (other than with regard to a sale under 
section 21 or section 22 of this Act) for a license for the 
export of any major defense equipment sold under a contract in 
the amount of $14,000,000 or more or of defense articles or 
defense services sold under a contract in the amount of 
$50,000,000 or more (or, in the case of a defense article that 
is a firearm controlled under category I of the United States 
Munitions List, $1,000,000 or more, or, notwithstanding section 
27(g) of this Act, for any special comprehensive authorization 
under sections 120-130 of title 22, Code of Federal Regulations 
(commonly known as the ``International Traffic in Arms 
Regulations'') for the export of defense articles or defense 
services in an aggregate amount of $100,000,000 or more), 
before issuing such license the President shall transmit to the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the chairman of 
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate an 
unclassified numbered certification with respect to such 
application specifying (A) the foreign country or international 
organization to which such export will be made, (B) the dollar 
amount of the items to be exported, and (C) a description of 
the items to be exported. Each such numbered certification 
shall also contain an item indicating whether any offset 
agreement is proposed to be entered into in connection with 
such export and a description of any such offset agreement. In 
addition, the President shall, upon the request of such 
committee or the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives, transmit promptly to both such committees a 
statement setting forth, to the extent specified in such 
request a description of the capabilities of the items to be 
exported, an estimate of the total number of United States 
personnel expected to be needed in the foreign country 
concerned in connection with the items to be exported and an 
analysis of the arms control impact pertinent to such 
application, prepared in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense. In a case in which such articles or services listed on 
the Missile Technology Control Regime Annex are intended to 
support the design, development, or production of a Category I 
space launch vehicle system (as defined in section 74), such 
report shall include a description of the proposed export and 
rationale for approving such export, including the consistency 
of such export with United States missile nonproliferation 
policy. A certification transmitted pursuant to this subsection 
shall be unclassified, except that the information specified in 
clause (B) and the details of the description specified in 
clause (C) may be classified if the public disclosure thereof 
would be clearly detrimental to the security of the United 
States, in which case the information shall be accompanied by a 
description of the damage to the national security that could 
be expected to result from public disclosure of the 
information.
    (2) Unless the President states in his certification that 
an emergency exists which requires the proposed export in the 
national security interests of the United States, a license for 
export described in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the case of a license for an export to the 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization, any member country 
        of that Organization or Australia, Japan, or New 
        Zealand, shall not be issued until at least 15 calendar 
        days after the Congress receives such certification, 
        and shall not be issued then if the Congress, within 
        that 15-day period, enacts a joint resolution 
        prohibiting the proposed export; and
            [(B) in the case of a license for an export of a 
        commercial communications satellite for launch from, 
        and by nationals of, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, 
        or Kazakhstan, shall not be issued until at least 15 
        calendar days after the Congress receives such 
        certification, and shall not be issued then if the 
        Congress, within that 15-day period, enacts a joint 
        resolution prohibiting the proposed export; and]
            [(C)] (B) in the case of any other license, shall 
        not be issued until at least 30 calendar days after the 
        Congress receives such certification, and shall not be 
        issued then if the Congress, within that 30-day period, 
        enacts a joint resolution prohibiting the proposed 
        export.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (5) In the case of an application by a person (other than 
with regard to a sale under section 21 or 22 of this Act) for a 
license for the export to a member country of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or Australia, Japan, or New 
Zealand that does not authorize a new sales territory that 
includes any country other than such countries, the limitations 
on the issuance of the license set forth in paragraph (1) or 
paragraph (2) shall apply only if the license is for export 
of--
            (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 38. Control of Arms Exports and Imports.--(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (k) Whenever the United States maintains an arms embargo 
pursuant to United States law, or through public notice by the 
President or Secretary of State pursuant to the authorities of 
this Act, no defense article or defense service subject to 
sections 120-130 of title 22, Code of Federal Regulations 
(commonly known as the ``International Traffic in Arms 
Regulations'') and no dual use good or technology subject to 
sections 730-774 of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations 
(commonly known as the ``Export Administration Regulations'') 
shall be sold or transferred to the military, intelligence or 
other security forces of the embargoed government, including 
any associated governmental agency, subdivision, entity, or 
other person acting on their behalf, unless, at a minimum and 
without prejudice to any additional requirements established in 
United States law or regulation, the Secretary of State and the 
Secretary of Defense have concurred in the sale or transfer 
through issuance of a license.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 7--CONTROL OF MISSILES AND MISSILE EQUIPMENT OR TECHNOLOGY 

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 73. TRANSFERS OF MISSILE EQUIPMENT OR TECHNOLOGY BY FOREIGN 
                    PERSONS

    (a) Sanctions.--(1) * * *
    (2) The sanctions which apply to a foreign person under 
paragraph (1) are the following:
            (A) If the item involved in the export, transfer, 
        or trade is within category II of the MTCR Annex, then 
        the President shall deny, for a period of [2 years] 4 
        years--
                    (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (B) If the item involved in the export, transfer, 
        or trade is within category I of the MTCR Annex, then 
        the President shall deny, for a period of not less than 
        [2 years] 4 years--
                    (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

        or production of missiles in a country that is not an 
        MTCR adherent, then the President shall prohibit, for a 
        period of not less than [2 years] 4 years, the 
        importation into the United States of products produced 
        by that foreign person.
    (3)(A) Sanctions imposed upon a foreign person under 
paragraph (2) shall also be imposed on any governmental entity 
that the President determines exercises effective control over, 
benefits from, or directly or indirectly facilitates the 
activities of that foreign person.
    (B) When a sanction is imposed on a foreign person under 
paragraph (2), the President may also impose that sanction on 
any other person or entity that the President has reason to 
believe has or may acquire prohibited items with the intent to 
transfer to that foreign person, or provide to that foreign 
person access to, such items. In this subparagraph, 
``prohibited items'' are items that may not be exported to that 
foreign person on account of the sanction imposed on that 
foreign person.
    (C) The President may also prohibit, for such period of 
time as the President may determine, any transaction or 
dealing, by a United States person or within the United States, 
with any foreign person on whom sanctions have been imposed 
under this subsection.
    (D) The President shall report on an annual basis to the 
Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate the identity of any foreign person that engages in any 
transaction or activity with a foreign person on whom sanctions 
have been imposed under this subsection that either--
            (i) would be the basis for imposing sanctions under 
        subparagraph (B) but for which sanctions have not been 
        imposed; or
            (ii) would be the basis for imposing sanctions 
        under subparagraph (C) if the transaction or activity 
        had been carried out by a United States person or by a 
        person in the United States.
Such report shall be unclassified to the maximum extent 
feasible, but may include a classified annex.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (e) Waiver and Report to Congress.--(1) * * *
    (2) In the event that the President decides to apply the 
waiver described in paragraph (1), the President shall so 
notify the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on National 
Security and the Committee on International Relations of the 
House of Representatives not less than 45 working days before 
issuing the waiver. Such notification shall include a report 
fully articulating the rationale and circumstances which led 
the President to apply the waiver. Such report may be 
classified only to the extent necessary to protect intelligence 
sources and methods. If the report is so classified, the 
President shall make every effort to acquire sufficient 
alternative information that would allow a subsequent 
unclassified version of the report to be issued.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 74. DEFINITIONS

    (a) In General.--For purposes of this chapter--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            [(8)(A) the term ``person'' means a natural person 
        as well as a corporation, business association, 
        partnership, society, trust, any other nongovernmental 
        entity, organization, or group, and any governmental 
        entity operating as a business enterprise, and any 
        successor of any such entity; and]
            (8)(A) The term ``person'' means--
                            (i) a natural person;
                            (ii) a corporation, business 
                        association, partnership, society, 
                        trust, transnational corporation, or 
                        transnational joint venture, any other 
                        nongovernmental entity, organization, 
                        or group, and any governmental entity;
                            (iii) any subsidiary, subunit, or 
                        parent entity of any business 
                        enterprise or other organization or 
                        entity listed in clause (ii); and
                            (iv) any successor of any business 
                        enterprise or other organization or 
                        entity listed in clause (ii) or (iii); 
                        and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                        ACT OF OCTOBER 27, 2001

                          (Public Law 107-57)

   AN ACT To authorize the President to exercise waivers of foreign 
assistance restrictions with respect to Pakistan through September 30, 
                     2003, and for other purposes.

SECTION 1. EXEMPTIONS AND WAIVER OF APPROPRIATIONS ACT PROHIBITIONS 
                    WITH RESPECT TO PAKISTAN.

    (a) * * *
    (b) [Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006] Fiscal Years 2006 and 
2007.--
            (1) Waiver.--The President is authorized to waive, 
        with respect to Pakistan, any provision of the foreign 
        operations, export financing, and related programs 
        appropriations Act for fiscal year [2005 or 2006] 2006 
        or 2007 that prohibits direct assistance to a country 
        whose duly elected head of government was deposed by 
        decree or military coup, if the President determines 
        and certifies to the appropriate congressional 
        committees that such waiver--
                    (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 3. EXEMPTION OF PAKISTAN FROM FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROHIBITIONS 
                    RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRY LOAN DEFAULTS.

    The following provisions of law shall not apply with 
respect to Pakistan:
            (1) * * *
            (2) Such provision of the annual foreign 
        operations, export financing, and related programs 
        appropriations Acts for fiscal years 2002, 2003, 2004, 
        2005, [and 2006] 2006, and 2007 as are comparable to 
        section 512 of the Foreign Operations, Export 
        Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 
        2001 (Public Law 106-429; 114 Stat. 1900A-25).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 6. TERMINATION DATE.

    Except as otherwise provided in section 1 or 3, the 
provisions of this Act shall terminate on October 1, [2006] 
2007.
                              ----------                              


                AFGHANISTAN FREEDOM SUPPORT ACT OF 2002



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--ECONOMIC AND DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FOR AFGHANISTAN

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 102. PURPOSES OF ASSISTANCE.

    The purposes of assistance authorized by this title are--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (5) to ensure that parliamentary and presidential 
        elections in Afghanistan are carried out in a free, 
        fair, and transparent manner;
            (6) to provide assistance to legitimate and 
        recognized parliamentary candidates and future elected 
        parliamentary officials in Afghanistan to better 
        educate such candidates and officials on parliamentary 
        procedures, anticorruption, transparency, and good 
        governance;
            [(5)] (7) to support the Government of Afghanistan 
        in its development of the capacity to facilitate, 
        organize, develop, and implement projects and 
        activities that meet the needs of the Afghan people;
            [(6)] (8) to foster the participation of civil 
        society in the establishment of the new Afghan 
        government in order to achieve a broad-based, multi-
        ethnic, gender-sensitive, fully representative 
        government freely chosen by the Afghan people, without 
        prejudice to any decisions which may be freely taken by 
        the Afghan people about the precise form in which their 
        government is to be organized in the future;
            [(7)] (9) to support the reconstruction of 
        Afghanistan through, among other things, programs that 
        create jobs, facilitate clearance of landmines, and 
        rebuild the agriculture sector, the health care system, 
        and the educational system of Afghanistan;
            [(8)] (10) to provide resources to the Ministry for 
        Women's Affairs of Afghanistan to carry out its 
        responsibilities for legal advocacy, education, 
        vocational training, and women's health programs; and
            [(9)] (11) to foster the growth of a pluralistic 
        society that promotes and respects religious freedom.

SEC. 103. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the President is authorized to provide assistance for 
Afghanistan for the following activities:
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (5) Education, the rule of law, and related 
        issues.--
                    (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (C) Civil society and democracy.--[To 
                support] (i) To support the development of 
                democratic institutions in Afghanistan, 
                including assistance for--
                            [(i)] (I) international monitoring 
                        and observing of, and the promotion of, 
                        free and fair elections;
                            [(ii)] (II) strengthening 
                        democratic political parties;
                            [(iii) international exchanges and 
                        professional training for members or 
                        officials of government, political, and 
                        civic or other nongovernmental 
                        entities;
                            [(iv) national, regional, and local 
                        elections and political party 
                        development;]
                            (III) programs to promote 
                        comprehensive public information 
                        campaigns, including nationwide voter 
                        and civic education, for the public, 
                        candidates, and political parties, and 
                        special efforts with respect to 
                        provinces in which small percentages of 
                        women voted in the October 2004 
                        presidential elections;
                            (IV) programs to accelerate 
                        disarmament, demobilization, and 
                        reintegration processes to ensure that 
                        candidates and political groups are not 
                        influenced or supported by armed 
                        militias;
                            (V) programs to support the 
                        registration of new voters and the 
                        preparation of voter rolls;
                            (VI) programs to support the 
                        vetting process of candidates for the 
                        parliamentary elections to ensure that 
                        such candidates are eligible under the 
                        relevant Afghan election requirements;
                            (VII) programs to educate 
                        legitimate and recognized parliamentary 
                        candidates on campaign procedures and 
                        processes;
                            (VIII) capacity-building programs 
                        and advanced professional training 
                        programs for senior Afghan Government 
                        officials and future elected 
                        parliamentary officials in matters 
                        related to parliamentary procedures, 
                        anti-corruption, accountability to 
                        constituencies, transparency, good 
                        governance, and other matters related 
                        to democratic development;
                            (IX) exchange programs to bring to 
                        the United States future elected 
                        parliamentary officials and senior 
                        officials of legitimate and recognized 
                        political parties for educational 
                        activities regarding legislative 
                        procedures, debate, and general 
                        campaign and legislative instruction;
                            (X) programs to support 
                        nongovernmental organizations and other 
                        civil society organizations that will 
                        assist in civil and voter education 
                        programs and overall democracy 
                        development programs;
                            [(v)] (XI) an independent media;
                            [(vi)] (XII) programs that support 
                        the expanded participation of women and 
                        members of all ethnic groups in 
                        government at national, regional, and 
                        local levels; [and]
                            [(vii)] (XIII) programs to 
                        strengthen civil society organizations 
                        that promote human rights, including 
                        religious freedom, freedom of 
                        expression, and freedom of association, 
                        and support human rights monitoring[.]; 
                        and
                            (XIV) other similar activities 
                        consistent with the purposes set forth 
                        in subsection (a).
                    (ii) Of the amounts made available for each 
                of the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out 
                chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance 
                Act of 1961 and chapter 4 of part II of such 
                Act, $50,000,000 for each such fiscal year is 
                authorized to be available to the President to 
                carry out subclauses (III) through (X) of 
                clause (i).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                       TIBETAN POLICY ACT OF 2002

                        Subtitle B--Tibet Policy

SEC. 611. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as ``Tibetan Policy Act of 
2002''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 616. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN TIBET.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (d) United States Assistance.--
            (1) Assistance.--The President shall provide grants 
        to nongovernmental organizations to support sustainable 
        economic development, cultural and historical 
        preservation, health care, education, and environmental 
        sustainability projects for Tibetans inside Tibet that 
        are designed in accordance with the principles 
        contained in subsection (e).
            (2) Role of special coordinator.--The United States 
        Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues (established 
        under section 621(a)) shall review and approve all 
        projects carried out pursuant to paragraph (1).
            (3) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry 
        out this subsection $6,000,000 for fiscal year 2006 and 
        $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
    [(d)] (e) Tibet Project Principles.--Projects in Tibet 
supported by international financial institutions, other 
international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and 
the United States entities referred to in subsection (c), 
should--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 619. REQUIREMENT FOR TIBETAN LANGUAGE TRAINING.

    [The Secretary shall ensure that Tibetan language training 
is available to Foreign Service officers, and that every effort 
is made to ensure that a Tibetan-speaking Foreign Service 
officer is assigned to a United States post in the People's 
Republic of China responsible for monitoring developments in 
Tibet.]

SEC. 619. REQUIREMENT FOR TIBETAN LANGUAGE TRAINING.

    The Secretary shall ensure at least one Foreign Service 
officer assigned to a United States post in the People's 
Republic of China responsible for monitoring developments in 
Tibet has at least six months of Tibetan language training 
prior to taking up such assignment at such post, unless such 
officer possesses equivalent fluency. If the Secretary 
determines that training resources and timing permit, such 
officer shall receive one year of such training.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 621. UNITED STATES SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR TIBETAN ISSUES.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (e) Personnel.--The Secretary shall assign dedicated 
personnel to the Office of the Special Coordinator for Tibetan 
Issues sufficient to assist in the management of the 
responsibilities of this section and section 616(d)(2).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


               ANGLO-IRISH AGREEMENT SUPPORT ACT OF 1986



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    (a) * * *
    (b) Purposes.--It is, therefore, the purpose of the Act to 
provide for United States contributions in support of the 
Anglo-Irish Agreement, such contributions to consist of 
economic support fund assistance for payment to the 
International Fund established pursuant to the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement, as well as other assistance to serve as an incentive 
for economic development and reconciliation in Ireland and 
Northern Ireland. The purpose of these United States 
contributions shall be to support the Anglo-Irish Agreement in 
promoting reconciliation in Northern Ireland and the 
establishment of a society in Northern Ireland in which all may 
live in peace, free from discrimination, terrorism, and 
intolerance, and with the opportunity for both communities to 
participate fully in the structures and processes of 
government. United States contributions should be used in a 
manner that effectively increases employment opportunities in 
communities with rates of unemployment higher than the local or 
urban average of unemployment in Northern Ireland. In addition, 
such contributions should be used to benefit individuals 
residing in such communities. Furthermore, the International 
Fund is encouraged to support programs that enhance relations 
between communities, and between the police and the communities 
they serve, promote human rights training for police, enhance 
peaceful mediation in neighborhoods of continued conflict, 
promote training programs to enhance the new district 
partnership police boards recommended by the Patten Commission, 
and assist in the transition of former British military 
installations and prisons into sites for peaceful, community-
supported activities, such as housing, retail, and commercial 
development.

SEC. 3. UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND.

      (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007.--Of the amounts made 
available for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 to carry out chapter 4 
of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2346 et seq.; relating to the economic support fund), there are 
authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for each such fiscal 
year for United States contributions to the International Fund. 
Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations under the preceding sentence are authorized to 
remain available until expended. Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 under this 
subsection, it is the sense of Congress that not less than 35 
percent of such amount for each such fiscal year should be used 
to carry out the last sentence of section 2(b).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 6. ANNUAL REPORTS.

    At the end of each fiscal year in which the United States 
Government makes any contribution to the International Fund, 
the Presidential shall report to the Congress on the degree to 
which--
            (1) the International Fund has contributed to 
        reconciliation between the communities in Northern 
        Ireland, specifically through improving local community 
        relations and relations between the police and the 
        people they serve;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


    FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEARS 1988 AND 1989

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is 
as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.

                    TITLE I--THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

     * * * * * * *

Part B--Department of State Authorities and Activities; Foreign Missions

Sec. 121. Reprogramming of funds appropriated for the Department of 
          State.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 140. Annual country reports on terrorism.]
Sec. 140. Annual patterns of global terrorism report.T1

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE I--THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    PART B--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES; FOREIGN 
MISSIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 140. ANNUAL COUNTRY REPORTS ON TERRORISM.]

SEC. 140. ANNUAL PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM REPORT.

    (a) Requirement of Annual [Country Reports on Terrorism] 
Patterns of Global Terrorism Report.--The Secretary of State 
shall transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, 
the Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, by April 30 of each year, a full and complete report 
providing--
            (1)(A) detailed assessments with respect to each 
        foreign country--
                    (i) in which acts of international 
                terrorism occurred [which were, in the opinion 
                of the Secretary, of major significance;], 
                including--
                            (I) the number of such acts of 
                        terrorism or attempted acts of 
                        terrorism;
                            (II) the number of individuals, 
                        including United States citizens, who 
                        were killed or injured in such acts of 
                        terrorism;
                            (III) the methods, and relative 
                        frequency of methods, utilized in such 
                        acts of terrorism; and
                            (IV) assessments of individuals who 
                        were responsible for such acts of 
                        terrorism and the relationships of such 
                        individuals to terrorist groups;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (2) all relevant information about the activities 
        during the preceding year of any terrorist group, and 
        any umbrella group under which such terrorist group 
        falls, known to be responsible for the kidnapping or 
        death of an American citizen during the preceding five 
        years, any terrorist group known to have obtained or 
        developed, or to have attempted to obtain or develop, 
        weapons of mass destruction, any terrorist group known 
        to be financed by countries about which Congress was 
        notified during the preceding year pursuant to section 
        6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, any 
        group designated by the Secretary as a foreign 
        terrorist organization under section 219 of the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189), and 
        any other known international terrorist group or 
        emerging terrorist group which the Secretary determines 
        should be the subject of such report; and
            (3) with respect to each foreign country [from 
        which the United States Government has sought 
        cooperation during the previous five years in the 
        investigation or prosecution of an act of international 
        terrorism against United States citizens or interests] 
        worldwide, information on--
                    (A) the extent to which the government of 
                the foreign country is cooperating with the 
                United States Government in apprehending, 
                convicting, and punishing [the individual or] 
                individuals responsible for [the act; and] acts 
                of terrorism;
                    (B) the extent to which the government of 
                the foreign country is cooperating in 
                preventing further acts of terrorism [against 
                United States citizens in the foreign country]; 
                and
                    (C) the extent to which the government of 
                the foreign country is not cooperating with 
                respect to the matters described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) and other matters 
                relating to counterterrorism efforts.
            [(4) with respect to each foreign country from 
        which the United States Government has sought 
        cooperation during the previous five years in the 
        prevention of an act of international terrorism against 
        such citizens or interests, the information described 
        in paragraph (3)(B).]
    (b) Provisions To Be Included in Report.--The report 
required under subsection (a) [should to the extent feasible] 
shall include (but not be limited to)--
            (1) with respect to subsection (a)(1)(A) and 
        (a)(3)--
                    (A) a separate list, in chronological 
                order, of all acts of international terrorism 
                described in subsection (a)(1)(A);
                    [(A)] (B) a review of major 
                counterterrorism efforts undertaken by 
                countries which are the subject of such report, 
                including, as appropriate, steps taken in 
                international fora;
                    [(B)] (C) the response of the judicial 
                system of each country which is the subject of 
                such report with respect to matters relating to 
                terrorism [affecting American citizens or 
                facilities], or which have, in the opinion of 
                the Secretary, a significant impact on United 
                States counterterrorism efforts, including 
                responses to extradition requests; and
                    [(C)] (D) significant support, if any, for 
                international terrorism by each country which 
                is the subject of such report, including (but 
                not limited to)--
                            (i) political and financial support 
                        by the government of the country, 
                        government officials, nongovernmental 
                        organizations, quasi-governmental 
                        organizations, or nationals of the 
                        country;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                            (v) the positions (including voting 
                        records) on matters relating to 
                        terrorism in the General Assembly of 
                        the United Nations and other 
                        international bodies and fora of each 
                        country which is the subject of such 
                        report; and
                            (vi) other types of indirect 
                        support for international terrorism, 
                        such as inciting acts of terrorism or 
                        countenance of acts of terrorism by the 
                        government of the country, government 
                        officials, nongovernmental 
                        organizations, quasi-governmental 
                        organizations, or nationals of the 
                        country;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (3) with respect to subsection (a)(2), any--
                    (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (E) provision by foreign governments of 
                sanctuary from prosecution to these groups or 
                their members responsible for the commission, 
                attempt, or planning of an act of international 
                terrorism; [and]
                    (F) efforts by the United States to 
                eliminate international financial support 
                provided to those groups directly or provided 
                in support of their activities; and
                    (G) information on the stated intentions 
                and patterns of activities of terrorist groups 
                described in subsection (a)(2), capabilities 
                and membership of such groups, recruitment and 
                fundraising activities of such groups, and the 
                relationships of such groups to criminal 
                organizations, including organizations involved 
                in illicit narcotics trafficking;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            [(3)] (6) to the extent practicable, complete 
        statistical information on the number of individuals, 
        including United States citizens and dual nationals, 
        killed, injured, or kidnapped by each terrorist group 
        during the preceding calendar year; [and]
            [(4)] (7) an analysis, as appropriate, of trends in 
        international terrorism, including changes in 
        technology used, methods and targets of attack, 
        demographic information on terrorists, and other 
        appropriate information[.];
            (8) an analysis of the efforts of multilateral 
        organizations (excluding international financial 
        institutions) to combat international terrorism, 
        including efforts of the United Nations and its 
        affiliated organizations, regional multilateral 
        organizations, and nongovernmental organizations;
            (9) a list of countries of concern with respect to 
        the financing of terrorism; and
            (10) an analysis of policy goals of the United 
        States for counterterrorism efforts in the subsequent 
        calendar year.
    [(c) Classification of Report.--
            [(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        report required under subsection (a) shall, to the 
        extent practicable, be submitted in an unclassified 
        form and may be accompanied by a classified appendix.
            [(2) If the Secretary of State determines that the 
        transmittal of the information with respect to a 
        foreign country under paragraph (3) or (4) of 
        subsection (a) in classified form would make more 
        likely the cooperation of the government of the foreign 
        country as specified in such paragraph, the Secretary 
        may transmit the information under such paragraph in 
        classified form.]
    (c) Classification of Report.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form and 
shall contain a classified annex as necessary.
    (d) Inter-Agency Process for Compilation of Report.--The 
Secretary of State shall, in preparing the report required by 
subsection (a), establish an inter-agency process to--
            (1) consult and coordinate with other appropriate 
        officials of the Government of the United States who 
        are responsible for collecting and analyzing 
        counterterrorism intelligence; and
            (2) utilize, to the maximum extent practicable, 
        such counterterrorism intelligence and analyses.
    (e) Comparability Standard With Prior Report.--The 
Secretary of State shall, in preparing the report required by 
subsection (a), use standards, criteria, and methodologies in a 
consistent manner so that statistical comparisons may be made 
among different reports. If significant changes are made to any 
such standards, criteria, or methodology, the Secretary shall, 
in consultation with other appropriate officials of the 
Government of the United States, make appropriate adjustments, 
using the best available methods, so that the data provided in 
each report is comparable to the data provided in prior 
reports.
    [(d)] (f) Definitions.--As used in this section--
            [(1) the term ``international terrorism'' means 
        terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more 
        than 1 country;]
            (1) the term ``international terrorism'' means--
                    (A) terrorism involving citizens or the 
                territory of more than one country; or
                    (B) terrorism involving citizens and the 
                territory of one country which is intended to 
                intimidate or coerce not only the civilian 
                population or government of such country but 
                also other civilian populations or governments;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(e) Reporting Period.--
            [(1) The report required under subsection (a) shall 
        cover the events of the calendar year preceding the 
        year in which the report is submitted.
            [(2) The report required by subsection (a) to be 
        submitted by March 31, 1988, may be submitted no later 
        than August 31, 1988.]
    (g) Reporting Period.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall cover the events of the calendar year preceding the 
calender year in which the report is transmitted.
    (h) Appearance of Secretary of State Before Congress.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of State shall 
        appear before Congress at annual hearings, as specified 
        in paragraph (2), regarding the provisions included in 
        the report required under subsection (a).
            (2) Schedule.--The Secretary of State shall appear 
        before--
                    (A) the Committee on International 
                Relations of the House of Representatives on or 
                about May 20 of even numbered calendar years;
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
                the Senate on or about May 20 of odd numbered 
                calendar years; and
                    (C) either Committee referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) or (B), upon request, 
                following the scheduled appearance of the 
                Secretary before the other Committee under 
                subparagraph (A) or (B).
                              ----------                              


          SECTION 403 OF THE ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT ACT

                       ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS

    Sec. 403. (a) In General.--Not later than April 15 of each 
year, the President shall submit to the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate a report [prepared by the Secretary of 
State with the concurrence of the Director of Central 
Intelligence and in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, 
the Secretary of Energy, and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
of Staff,] on the status of United States policy and actions 
with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and 
disarmament. Such report shall include, as the President 
considers appropriate--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


        SECTION 305 OF THE NORTH KOREAN HUMAN RIGHTS ACT OF 2004

SEC. 305. ANNUAL REPORTS.

    (a) Immigration Information.--Not later than 1 year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 12 months 
thereafter for each of the following 5 years, the Secretary of 
State and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a 
joint report to the appropriate congressional committees and 
the Committees on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives 
and the Senate on the operation of this title during the 
previous year, which shall include--
            (1) the number of aliens who are nationals or 
        citizens of North Korea who applied for political 
        asylum and the number who were granted political 
        asylum; [and]
            (2) the number of aliens who are nationals or 
        citizens of North Korea who applied for refugee status 
        and the number who were granted refugee status[.]; and
            (3) a detailed description of the measures 
        undertaken by the Secretary of State to carry out 
        section 303, including country-specific information 
        with respect to United States efforts to secure the 
        cooperation and permission of the governments of 
        countries in East and Southeast Asia to facilitate 
        United States processing of North Koreans seeking 
        protection as refugees. The information required by 
        this paragraph may be provided in a classified format, 
        if necessary.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


SECTION 605 OF THE SECURE EMBASSY CONSTRUCTION AND COUNTERTERRORISM ACT 
                                OF 1999

SEC. 605. OBLIGATIONS AND EXPENDITURES.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) [Semiannual] Reports on Acquisition and Major Security 
Upgrades.--On [June 1 and] December 1 of each year, the 
Secretary of State shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees on the embassy construction and 
security program authorized under this title. The report shall 
include--
            (1) obligations and expenditures--
                    (A) during the previous [two fiscal 
                quarters] year; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


   SECTION 305 OF THE INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC OPPORTUNITY ACT OF 2000

SEC. 305. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated [$1,500,000] 
$4,000,000 for each fiscal year to carry out this title.
                            Additional Views

    H.R. 2601 represents a strong bipartisan bill that was 
endorsed unanimously by the entire Committee. Regretfully, we 
must express our disagreement with the absolute endorsement 
that is reflected in section 944 and its accompanying 
explanation in this report of the demobilization process in 
Colombia which purports to disarm, demobilize, and reintegrate 
both the leaders and rank-and-file members of United Self-
Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), or paramilitaries. While 
genuine peace processes deserve our full support, we must have 
a degree of certainty that we are not prematurely underwriting 
a process that will allow hardened narco-terrorists to 
legitimize their ill-gotten gains, continue to ship tons of 
cocaine and other illicit substances into our country, and to 
destabilize Colombia.
    The demobilization process currently underway in Colombia 
for the right-wing paramilitaries--which the United States 
Department of State has classified as a Foreign Terrorist 
Organization--may be adequate for the overwhelming majority of 
the rank-and-file former terrorists who have not committed 
gross violations of human rights. The process is not adequate, 
however, for the master-minds and commanders of these terrorist 
groups--many of whom are wanted in our country for flooding 
U.S. streets with cheap cocaine, crack, and heroin. According 
to the State Department, our government has requested the 
extradition of AUC leaders Carlos Castano, Salvatore Mancuso, 
and Juan Carlos Sierra Ramirez. The United States also has 
announced the indictments of Diego Fernando Murillo, and 
Vicente Castano, who are among other paramilitary leaders whose 
names the State Department could not disclose due to security 
and law enforcement concerns. Diego Murillo is reportedly now 
under house arrest in Colombia for allegedly ordering the 
recent murder of a Colombian legislator and two other people.
    Colombia's current and pending legislation governing the 
demobilization of the paramilitaries is inadequate for 
providing minimal guarantees on at least three basic points. 
First, the legal framework could permit those terrorist leaders 
who are under standing indictments in our country for narcotics 
trafficking and other serious crimes to escape extradition to 
the United States if the crimes for which they have been 
indicted were committed during the time that these leaders were 
paramilitaries. Second, the law does not require that the 
masterminds provide complete information to law enforcement 
agencies that would allow the agencies to identify and seize 
illegally acquired assets or dismantle effectively the criminal 
networks of these terrorist groups. Lastly, the law does not 
build in adequate tracking and monitoring mechanisms to help 
ensure that those who have foresworn violence do not return to 
their terrorist activities while receiving U.S. assistance.
    While we attempted to reach an agreement on this provision 
that would have addressed these concerns and those expressed in 
a bipartisan, bicameral letter that is included with this 
dissenting view, we were not able to reach consensus. We 
believe that section 944 should be strengthened in a meaningful 
way before this Committee authorizes assistance to a process 
that could cost the U.S. taxpayer an estimated $80 million over 
three years and could establish a lenient precedent for future 
processes through which terrorists around the world could 
shield themselves from legal restrictions and sanctions as 
members of Foreign Terrorist Organizations and thus receive 
U.S. assistance.

                                   Tom Lantos.
                                   Robert Menendez.