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109th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    109-360
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006

                               ----------                              

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              TO ACCOMPANY

                               H.R. 1815




               December 18, 2005.--Ordered to be printed
        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006
For Sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov  Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; (202) 512�091800  
Fax: (202) 512�092250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402�090001


109th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    109-360
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006

                               __________

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              TO ACCOMPANY

                               H.R. 1815




               December 18, 2005.--Ordered to be printed


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE.......   429
    Summary of Statement of Conference Actions...................   429
    Summary Table of Authorizations..............................   429
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS.................   439
Title I--Procurement.............................................   439
            Procurement overview.................................   439
            Aircraft Procurement, Army overview..................   441
            Missile Procurement, Army overview...................   444
            Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, 
              Army overview......................................   447
            Procurement of Ammunition, Army overview.............   451
            Other Procurement, Army overview.....................   455
            Aircraft Procurement, Navy overview..................   465
            Weapons Procurement, Navy overview...................   470
            Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine Corps 
              overview...........................................   474
            Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy overview...........   477
            Other Procurement, Navy overview.....................   480
            Procurement, Marine Corps overview...................   490
            Aircraft Procurement, Air Force overview.............   496
            Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force overview........   503
            Missile Procurement, Air Force overview..............   506
            Other Procurement, Air Force overview................   509
            Procurement, Defense-wide overview...................   516
    Items of Special Interest....................................   523
            Joint Combat Pistol program..........................   523
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   523
        Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..............   523
            Authorization of appropriations (secs. 101-104)......   523
        Subtitle B--Army Programs................................   523
            Multiyear procurement authority for utility 
              helicopters (sec. 111).............................   523
            Multiyear procurement authority for Modernized Target 
              Acquisition Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision 
              Sensors for AH-64 Apache attack helicopters (sec. 
              112)...............................................   524
            Multiyear procurement authority for conversion of AH-
              64A Apache attack helicopters to the AH-64D Block 
              II configuration (sec. 113)........................   524
            Acquisition strategy for tactical wheeled vehicle 
              programs (sec. 114)................................   524
            Report on Army modular force initiative (sec. 115)...   525
        Subtitle C--Navy Programs................................   526
            Virginia-class submarine program (sec. 121)..........   526
            LHA replacement (LHA(R)) amphibious assault ship 
              program (sec. 122).................................   526
            Cost limitation for next-generation destroyer program 
              (sec. 123).........................................   527
            Littoral combat ship (LCS) program (sec. 124)........   527
            Prohibition on acquisition of next-generation 
              destroyer through a single shipyard (sec. 125).....   528
            Aircraft carrier force structure (sec. 126)..........   529
            Refueling and complex overhaul of the USS Carl Vinson 
              (sec. 127).........................................   529
            CVN-78 aircraft carrier (sec. 128)...................   530
            LHA replacement (LHA(R)) ship (sec. 129).............   530
            Report on alternative propulsion methods for surface 
              combatants and amphibious warfare ships (sec. 130).   530
        Subtitle D--Air Force Programs...........................   531
            C-17 aircraft program and assessment of intertheater 
              airlift requirements (sec. 131)....................   531
            Prohibition on retirement of KC-135E aircraft (sec. 
              132)...............................................   532
            Prohibition on retirement of F-117 aircraft during 
              fiscal year 2006 (sec. 133)........................   532
            Prohibition on retirement of C-130E/H tactical 
              airlift aircraft during fiscal year 2006 (sec. 134)   532
            Procurement of C-130J/KC-130J aircraft after fiscal 
              year 2005 (sec. 135)...............................   532
            Report on Air Force aircraft aeromedical evacuation 
              programs (sec. 136)................................   532
        Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters...............   533
            Requirement that tactical unmanned aerial vehicles 
              use specified standard data link (sec. 141)........   533
            Limitation on initiation of new unmanned aerial 
              vehicle systems (sec. 142).........................   534
            Advanced SEAL Delivery System (sec. 143).............   534
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   535
            Authorization of two additional Arleigh Burke-class 
              destroyers.........................................   535
            C-37B aircraft.......................................   535
            Contingent transfer of additional funds for CVN-21 
              carrier replacement program........................   535
            Contract requirement for Objective Individual Combat 
              Weapon--increment one..............................   536
            Rapid intravenous infusion pumps.....................   536
            Second source for production and supply of tires for 
              the Stryker combat vehicle.........................   536
            UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter procurement in response 
              to attrition.......................................   537
            Use of Tanker Replacement Transfer Fund for 
              modernization of aerial refueling tankers..........   537
Title II--Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation............   537
        Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation overview.....   537
        Army.....................................................   539
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Army 
              overview...........................................   539
        Navy.....................................................   558
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Navy 
              overview...........................................   558
            Advanced submarine system development................   575
        Air Force................................................   575
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Air 
              Force overview.....................................   575
            Transformational satellite communications............   590
            Space Radar..........................................   591
            Penetrator study.....................................   592
            E-8C joint surveillance and target attack radar 
              system reengining..................................   592
        Defense-wide.............................................   592
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Defense-
              wide overview......................................   592
            Ballistic missile defense............................   608
            Ground-based midcourse defense.......................   608
            Aegis ballistic missile defense......................   608
            Ballistic missile defense system interceptor.........   609
            Tactical exploitation of innovative sensors..........   609
        Test and Evaluation......................................   609
            Operational Test and Evaluation, Defense overview....   609
    Items of Special Interest....................................   611
            Fuel Cell Vehicles...................................   611
            Joint Service Combat Feeding Technology..............   611
            Report on naval surface fire support.................   611
            Slow rotor concept...................................   611
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   612
        Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..............   612
            Authorization of appropriations (sec. 201)...........   612
            Amount for defense science and technology (sec. 202).   612
        Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and 
          Limitations............................................   612
            Annual Comptroller General report on Future Combat 
              Systems program (sec. 211).........................   612
            Contract for the procurement of the Future Combat 
              System (FCS) (sec. 212)............................   612
            Limitations on systems development and demonstration 
              of manned ground vehicles under Armored Systems 
              Modernization program (sec. 213)...................   613
            Separate program elements required for significant 
              systems development and demonstration projects for 
              Armored Systems Modernization program (sec. 214)...   614
            Initiation of program to design and develop next-
              generation nuclear attack submarine (sec. 215).....   614
            Extension of requirements relating to management 
              responsibility for naval mine countermeasures 
              programs (sec. 216)................................   614
            Single set of requirements for the Army and Marine 
              Corps heavy lift rotorcraft program (sec. 217).....   615
            Requirements for development of tactical radio 
              communications systems (sec. 218)..................   615
            Limitation on systems development and demonstration 
              of personnel recovery vehicle (sec. 219)...........   616
            Limitation on VXX helicopter program (sec. 220)......   617
            Report on testing of Internet Protocol version 6 
              (sec. 221).........................................   618
        Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs.....................   618
            Report on capabilities and costs for operational 
              boost/ascent-phase missile defense systems (sec. 
              231)...............................................   618
            One-year extension of Comptroller General assessments 
              of ballistic missile defense programs (sec. 232)...   619
            Fielding of ballistic missile defense capabilities 
              (sec. 233).........................................   619
            Plans for test and evaluation of operational 
              capability of the ballistic missile defense system 
              (sec. 234).........................................   619
        Subtitle D--High-Performance Defense Manufacturing 
          Technology Research and Development....................   619
            High-performance defense manufacturing technology 
              research and development (secs. 241-245)...........   619
        Subtitle E--Other Matters................................   620
            Comptroller General report on program element 
              structure for research, development, test, and 
              evaluation projects (sec. 251).....................   620
            Research and development efforts for purposes of 
              small business research (sec. 252).................   620
            Revised requirements relating to submission of Joint 
              Warfighting Science and Technology plan (sec. 253).   621
            Report on efficiency of naval shipbuilding industry 
              (sec. 254).........................................   621
            Technology transition (sec. 255).....................   622
            Prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast 
              injuries (sec. 256)................................   622
            Modification of requirements for annual report on 
              DARPA program to award cash prizes for advanced 
              technology achievements (sec. 257).................   622
            Designation of facilities and resources constituting 
              the major range and test facility base (sec. 258)..   622
            Report on cooperation between Department of Defense 
              and National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
              on research, development, test, and evaluation 
              activities (sec. 259)..............................   623
            Delayed effective date for limitation on procurement 
              of systems not GPS-equipped (sec. 260).............   623
            Report on development and use of robotics and 
              unmanned ground vehicle systems (sec. 261).........   623
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   624
            Aging military aircraft fleet support................   624
            Arrow ballistic missile defense system...............   624
            Defense basic research programs......................   624
            Field programmable gate array........................   625
            Funding for development of distributed generation 
              technologies.......................................   625
            Funding for research and technology transition for 
              high-brightness electron source program............   625
            Funding for supersonic cruise missile engine 
              qualification......................................   625
            Joint service small arms program.....................   625
            Long wavelength array low frequency radio astronomy 
              instruments........................................   626
            Medium tactical vehicle modifications................   626
            Objective requirements for Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon 
              system not to be diminished to meet weight 
              requirements.......................................   626
            Project Sheriff......................................   626
            Renewal of University National Oceanographic 
              Laboratory System fleet............................   626
            Required flight-intercept test of ballistic missile 
              defense ground-based midcourse system..............   627
            Telemedicine and advanced technology research center.   627
            Towed array handler..................................   627
            Warhead/Grenade Scientific Based Manufacturing 
              Technology.........................................   627
Title III--Operation and Maintenance.............................   628
            Operation and Maintenance overview...................   628
    Items of Special Interest....................................   668
            Unjustified base support cost growth.................   668
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   668
        Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..............   668
            Authorization of appropriations (secs. 301-303)......   668
        Subtitle B--Environmental Provisions.....................   668
            Elimination and simplification of certain items 
              required in the annual report on environmental 
              quality programs and other environmental activities 
              (sec. 311).........................................   668
            Payment of certain private cleanup costs in 
              connection with Defense environmental restoration 
              program (sec. 312).................................   668
        Subtitle C--Workplace and Depot Issues...................   669
            Modification of authority of Army working-capital 
              funded facilities to engage in cooperative 
              activities with non-Army entities (sec. 321).......   669
            Limitation on transition of funding for east coast 
              shipyards from funding through Navy Working Capital 
              Fund to direct funding (sec. 322)..................   669
            Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support 
              Initiative matters (sec. 323)......................   670
            Sense of Congress regarding depot maintenance (sec. 
              324)...............................................   670
        Subtitle D--Extension of Program Authorities.............   670
            Extension of authority to provide logistics support 
              and services for weapon systems contractors (sec. 
              331)...............................................   670
            Extension of period for reimbursement for certain 
              protective, safety, or health equipment purchased 
              by or for members of the armed forces deployed in 
              contingency operations (sec. 332)..................   671
        Subtitle E--Outsourcing..................................   671
            Public-private competition (sec. 341)................   671
            Contracting for procurement of certain supplies and 
              services (sec. 342)................................   671
            Performance of certain work by federal government 
              employees (sec. 343)...............................   672
            Extension of temporary authority for contractor 
              performance of security guard functions (sec. 344).   672
        Subtitle F--Analysis, Strategies, and Reports............   672
            Report on Department of Army programs for 
              prepositioning of equipment and other materiel 
              (sec. 351).........................................   672
            Reports on budget models used for base operations 
              support, sustainment, and facilities 
              recapitalization (sec. 352)........................   673
            Army training strategy for brigade-based combat teams 
              and functional supporting brigades (sec. 353)......   673
            Report regarding effect on military readiness of 
              undocumented immigrants trespassing upon 
              operational ranges (sec. 354)......................   673
            Report regarding management of Army Lodging (sec. 
              355)...............................................   674
            Comptroller General report on corrosion prevention 
              and mitigation programs of the Department of 
              Defense (sec. 356).................................   674
            Study on use of biodiesel and ethanol fuel (sec. 357)   675
            Report on effects of windmill farms on military 
              readiness (sec. 358)...............................   675
            Report on space-available travel for certain disabled 
              veterans and gray-area retirees (sec. 359).........   675
            Report on joint field training and experimentation on 
              stability, security, transition, and reconstruction 
              operations (sec. 360)..............................   676
            Reports on budgeting relating to sustainment of key 
              military equipment (sec. 361)......................   676
            Repeal of Air Force report on military installation 
              encroachment issues (sec. 362).....................   676
        Subtitle G--Other Matters................................   677
            Supervision and management of Defense Business 
              Transformation Agency (sec. 371)...................   677
            Codification and revision of limitation on 
              modification of major items of equipment scheduled 
              for retirement or disposal (sec. 372)..............   677
            Limitation on purchase of investment items with 
              operation and maintenance funds (sec. 373).........   677
            Operation and use of general gift funds of the 
              Department of Defense and Coast Guard (sec. 374)...   677
            Inclusion of packet based telephony in Department of 
              Defense telecommunications benefits (sec. 375).....   678
            Limitation on financial management improvement and 
              audit initiatives within the Department of Defense 
              (sec. 376).........................................   678
            Provision of welfare of special category residents at 
              Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 377)......   678
            Commemoration of success of the armed forces in 
              Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi 
              Freedom (sec. 378).................................   679
        Subtitle H--Utah Test and Training Range.................   679
            Definitions (sec. 381)...............................   679
            Military operations and overflights, Utah Test and 
              Training Range (sec. 382)..........................   679
            Analysis of military readiness and operational 
              impacts in planning process for federal lands in 
              Utah Test and Training Range (sec. 383)............   679
            Designation and management of Cedar Mountain 
              Wilderness, Utah (sec. 384)........................   680
            Relation to other lands (sec. 385)...................   680
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   680
            Child and family assistance benefits for members of 
              the armed forces...................................   680
            Congressional notification requirements regarding 
              placement of liquefied natural gas facilities, 
              pipelines, and related structures on defense lands.   680
            Grants for local workforce investment boards for 
              services for certain spouses of members of the 
              armed forces.......................................   681
            Identification of additional Bureau of Land 
              Management land in Utah as trust land for Skull 
              Valley Band of Goshutes............................   681
            Legal standing and bid protests by federal employees 
              in actions under Office of Management and Budget 
              Circular A-76......................................   681
            Long Arm High-Intensity Arc Metal Halide Handheld 
              Searchlight........................................   682
            Navy human resources benefits call center............   682
            Pilot project on compatible use buffers on real 
              property bordering Fort Carson, Colorado...........   682
            Point of Maintenance/Arsenal/Depot AIT Initiative....   683
            Provision of Department of Defense support for 
              certain paralympic sporting events.................   683
            Report on aircraft to perform High-Altitude Aviation 
              Training Site......................................   684
Title IV--Military Personnel Authorizations......................   684
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   684
        Subtitle A--Active Forces................................   684
            End strengths for active forces (sec. 401)...........   684
            Revision in permanent active-duty end strength 
              minimum levels (sec. 402)..........................   685
            Additional authority for increases of Army and Marine 
              Corps active-duty end strengths for fiscal years 
              2007 through 2009 (sec. 403).......................   686
        Subtitle B--Reserve Forces...............................   686
            End strengths for Selected Reserve (sec. 411)........   686
            End strengths for reserves on active duty in support 
              of the reserves (sec. 412).........................   686
            End strengths for military technicians (dual status) 
              (sec. 413).........................................   687
            Fiscal year 2006 limitation on number of non-dual 
              status technicians (sec. 414)......................   688
            Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be 
              on active duty for operational support (sec. 415)..   688
        Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations..............   688
            Military personnel (sec. 421)........................   688
            Armed Forces Retirement Home (sec. 422)..............   689
Title V--Military Personnel Policy...............................   689
    Items of Special Interest....................................   689
            Department of Defense Policy on Transportation of 
              Military Remains...................................   689
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   690
        Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy.....................   690
            Temporary increase in percentage limits on reduction 
              of time-in-grade requirements for retirement in 
              grade upon voluntary retirement (sec. 501).........   690
            Two-year renewal of temporary authority to reduce 
              minimum length of commissioned service required for 
              voluntary retirement as an officer (sec. 502)......   690
            Exclusion from active-duty general and flag officer 
              distribution and strength limitations of officers 
              on leave pending separation or retirement or 
              between senior positions (sec. 503)................   690
            Consolidation of grade limitations on officer 
              assignment and insignia practice known as frocking 
              (sec. 504).........................................   691
            Clarification of deadline for receipt by promotion 
              selection boards of certain communications from 
              eligible officers (sec. 505).......................   691
            Furnishing to promotion selection boards of adverse 
              information on officers eligible for promotion to 
              certain senior grades (sec. 506)...................   691
            Applicabilty of officer distribution and strength 
              limitations to officers serving in intelligence 
              community positions (sec. 507).....................   691
            Grades of the judge advocates general (sec. 508).....   692
            Authority to retain permanent professors at the Naval 
              Academy beyond 30 years of active commissioned 
              service (sec. 509).................................   692
            Authority for designation of a general/flag officer 
              position on the Joint Staff to be held by reserve 
              component general or flag officer on active duty 
              (sec. 510).........................................   692
        Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management.................   693
            Separation at age 64 for reserve component senior 
              officers (sec. 511)................................   693
            Modification of strength-in-grade limitations 
              applicable to reserve flag officers in active 
              status (sec. 512)..................................   693
            Military technicians (dual status) mandatory 
              separation (sec. 513)..............................   693
            Military retirement credit for certain service by 
              National Guard members performed while in a state 
              duty status immediately after the terrorist attacks 
              of September 11, 2001 (sec. 514)...................   693
            Redesignation of the Naval Reserve as the Navy 
              Reserve (sec. 515).................................   694
            Clarification of certain authorities relating to the 
              Commission on the National Guard and Reserves (sec. 
              516)...............................................   694
            Report on employment matters for members of the 
              reserve components (sec. 517)......................   694
            Defense Science Board study on deployment of members 
              of the National Guard and reserves in the global 
              war on terrorism (sec. 518)........................   695
            Sense of Congress on certain matters relating to the 
              National Guard and Reserves (sec. 519).............   695
            Pilot program on enhanced quality of life for members 
              of the Army Reserve and their families (sec. 520)..   695
        Subtitle C--Education and Training.......................   696
            Part I--Department of Defense Schools Generally......   696
              Authority for National Defense University award of 
                degree of Master of Science in Joint Campaign 
                Planning and Strategy (sec. 521).................   696
              Authority for certain professional military 
                education schools to receive faculty research 
                grants for certain purposes (sec. 522)...........   696
            Part II--United States Naval Postgraduate School.....   696
              Revision to mission of the Naval Postgraduate 
                School (sec. 523)................................   696
              Modification of eligibility for position of 
                president of the Naval Postgraduate School (sec. 
                524).............................................   696
              Increased enrollment for eligible defense industry 
                employees in the defense product development 
                program at Naval Postgraduate School (sec. 525)..   697
              Instruction for enlisted personnel by the Naval 
                Postgraduate School (sec. 526)...................   697
            Part III--Reserve Officers' Training Corps...........   698
              Repeal of limitation on amount of financial 
                assistance under ROTC scholarship programs (sec. 
                531).............................................   698
              Increase in annual limit on number of ROTC 
                scholarships under Army Reserve and National 
                Guard program (sec. 532).........................   698
              Procedures for suspending financial assistance and 
                subsistence allowance for senior ROTC cadets and 
                midshipmen on the basis of health-related 
                conditions (sec. 533)............................   698
              Eligibility of United States nationals for 
                appointment to the Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps (sec. 534)........................   699
              Promotion of foreign language skills among members 
                of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (sec. 
                535).............................................   699
              Designation of Ike Skelton Early Commissioning 
                Program scholarships (sec. 536)..................   699
            Part IV--Other Matters...............................   699
              Enhancement of educational loan repayment 
                authorities (sec. 537)...........................   699
              Payment of expenses of members of the armed forces 
                to obtain professional credentials (sec. 538)....   700
              Use of Reserve Montgomery GI Bill benefits and 
                benefits for mobilized members of the Selected 
                Reserve and National Guard for payments for 
                licensing or certification tests (sec. 539)......   700
              Modification of educational assistance for reserves 
                supporting contingency and other operations (sec. 
                540).............................................   700
        Subtitle D--General Service Requirements.................   701
            Ground combat and other exclusion policies (sec. 541)   701
            Uniform citizenship or residency requirements for 
              enlistment in the armed forces (sec. 542)..........   701
            Increase in maximum age for enlistment (sec. 543)....   701
            Increase in maximum term of original enlistment in 
              regular component (sec. 544).......................   701
            National Call to Service program (sec. 545)..........   702
            Reports on information provided to potential recruits 
              and to new entrants into the armed forces on ``stop 
              loss'' authorities and initial period of military 
              service obligation (sec. 546)......................   702
        Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters   702
            Offense of stalking under the Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice (sec. 551)........................   702
            Rape, sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct 
              under Uniform Code of Military Justice (sec. 552)..   703
            Extension of statute of limitations for murder, rape, 
              and child abuse offenses under the Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice (sec. 553)........................   703
            Reports by officers and senior enlisted members of 
              conviction of criminal law (sec. 554)..............   703
            Clarification of authority of military legal 
              assistance counsel to provide military legal 
              assistance without regard to licensing requirements 
              (sec. 555).........................................   704
            Use of teleconferencing in administrative sessions of 
              courts-martial (sec. 556)..........................   704
            Sense of Congress on applicability of Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice to reserves on inactive-duty 
              training overseas (sec. 557).......................   704
        Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Casualties...............   705
            Authority for members on active duty with 
              disabilities to participate in Paralympic Games 
              (sec. 561).........................................   705
            Policy and procedures on casualty assistance to 
              survivors of military decedents (sec. 562).........   705
            Policy and procedures on assistance to severely 
              wounded or injured service members (sec. 563)......   706
            Designation by members of the armed forces of persons 
              authorized to direct the disposition of member 
              remains (sec. 564).................................   706
        Subtitle G--Assistance to Local Educational Agencies for 
          Defense Dependents Education...........................   707
            Expansion of authorized enrollment in Department of 
              Defense Dependents Schools overseas (sec. 571).....   707
            Assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
              dependents of members of the armed forces and 
              Department of Defense civilian employees (sec. 572)   707
            Impact aid for children with severe disabilities 
              (sec. 573).........................................   708
            Continuation of impact aid assistance on behalf of 
              dependents of certain members despite change in 
              status of member (sec. 574)........................   708
        Subtitle H--Decorations and Awards.......................   709
            Eligibility for Operation Enduring Freedom campaign 
              medal (sec. 576)...................................   709
        Subtitle I--Consumer Protection Matters..................   709
            Requirement for regulations on policies and 
              procedures on personal commercial solicitations on 
              Department of Defense installations (sec. 577).....   709
            Consumer education for members of the armed forces 
              and their spouses on insurance and other financial 
              services (sec. 578)................................   709
            Report on predatory lending practices directed at 
              members of the armed forces and their dependents 
              (sec. 579).........................................   710
        Subtitle J--Reports and Sense of Congress Statements.....   710
            Report on need for a personnel plan for linguists in 
              the armed forces (sec. 581)........................   710
            Sense of Congress that colleges and universities give 
              equal access to military recruiters and ROTC in 
              accordance with the Solomon amendment and 
              requirement for report to Congress (sec. 582)......   710
            Sense of Congress concerning study of options for 
              providing homeland defense education (sec. 583)....   711
            Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the 
              members of the armed forces serving in Operation 
              Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom and 
              honoring their sacrifices and the sacrifices of 
              their families (sec. 584)..........................   711
        Subtitle K--Other Matters................................   711
            Expansion and enhancement of authority to present 
              recognition items for recruitment and retention 
              purposes (sec. 589)................................   711
            Extension of date of submittal of report of Veterans' 
              Disability Benefits Commission (sec. 590)..........   712
            Recruitment and enlistment of home-schooled students 
              in the armed forces (sec. 591).....................   712
            Modification of requirement for certain 
              intermediaries under certain authorities relating 
              to adoption (sec. 592).............................   712
            Adoption leave for members of the armed forces 
              adopting children (sec. 593).......................   712
            Addition of information to be covered in mandatory 
              preseparation counseling (sec. 594)................   713
            Report on Transition Assistance Programs (sec. 595)..   713
            Improvement to Department of Defense capacity to 
              respond to sexual assault affecting members of the 
              armed forces (sec. 596)............................   713
            Authority for appointment of Coast Guard flag officer 
              as Chief of Staff to the President (sec. 597)......   714
            Prayer at military service academy activities (sec. 
              598)...............................................   714
            Modification of authority to make military working 
              dogs available for adoption (sec. 599).............   714
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   714
            Administrative censures of members of the armed 
              forces.............................................   714
            CAPSTONE overseas field studies trips to People's 
              Republic of China and Republic of China on Taiwan..   715
            Cold War Victory Medal...............................   715
            Commencement of receipt of non-regular service 
              retired pay by members of the ready reserve on 
              active federal status or active duty for 
              significant periods................................   715
            Comptroller General study of military recruiting.....   716
            Eligibility of certain persons for space-available 
              travel on military aircraft........................   716
            Establishment of Combat Medevac Badge................   716
            Extension of waiver authority of Secretary of 
              Education with respect to student financial 
              assistance during a war or other military operation 
              or national emergency..............................   716
            Federal assistance for state programs under the 
              National Guard Youth Challenge program.............   717
            Improved administration of transitional assistance 
              programs...........................................   717
            Members completing statutory initial military service 
              obligation.........................................   717
            National Call to Service program.....................   717
            Performance by reserve component personnel of 
              operational test and evaluation and training 
              relating to new equipment..........................   718
            Repeal of limitation on authority to redesignate the 
              Naval Reserve as the Navy Reserve..................   718
            Sense of the Senate on notice to Congress of 
              recognition of members of the armed forces for 
              extraordinary acts of bravery, heroism, and 
              achievement........................................   718
            Short title..........................................   718
            Short title..........................................   719
            Standardization of grade of senior dental officer of 
              the Air Force with that of senior dental officer of 
              the Army...........................................   719
            Use of National Guard to provide military support to 
              civilian law enforcement agencies for domestic 
              counterterrorism activities........................   719
Title VI--Compensation and Other Personnel Benefits..............   719
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   719
        Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances...........................   719
            Increase in basic pay for fiscal year 2006 (sec. 601)   719
            Additional pay for permanent military professors at 
              United States Naval Academy with over 36 years of 
              service (sec. 602).................................   719
            Basic pay rates for reserve component members 
              selected to attend military service academy 
              preparatory schools (sec. 603).....................   720
            Clarification of restriction on compensation for 
              correspondence courses (sec. 604)..................   720
            Enhanced authority for agency contributions for 
              members of the armed forces participating in the 
              Thrift Savings Plan (sec. 605).....................   720
            Pilot program on contributions to Thrift Savings Plan 
              for initial enlistees in the Army (sec. 606).......   720
            Prohibition against requiring certain injured members 
              to pay for meals provided by military treatment 
              facilities (sec. 607)..............................   720
            Permanent authority for supplemental subsistence 
              allowance for low-income members with dependents 
              (sec. 608).........................................   721
            Increase in basic allowance for housing and extension 
              of temporary lodging expenses authority for areas 
              subject to major disaster declaration or for 
              installations experiencing sudden increase in 
              personnel levels (sec. 609)........................   721
            Basic allowance for housing for reserve component 
              members (sec. 610).................................   721
            Permanent increase in length of time dependents of 
              certain deceased members may continue to occupy 
              military family housing or receive basic allowance 
              for housing (sec. 611).............................   722
            Overseas cost of living allowance (sec. 612).........   722
            Allowance to cover portion of monthly deduction from 
              basic pay for Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance 
              coverage for members serving in Operation Enduring 
              Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom (sec. 613)......   722
            Income replacement payments for reserves experiencing 
              extended and frequent mobilization for active duty 
              service (sec. 614).................................   723
        Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays.......   723
            Extension or resumption of certain bonus and special 
              pay authorities for reserve forces (sec. 621)......   723
            Extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for certain health care professionals 
              (sec. 622).........................................   723
            Extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
              nuclear officers (sec. 623)........................   724
            Extension of other bonus and special pay authorities 
              (sec. 624).........................................   724
            Eligibility of oral and maxillofacial surgeons for 
              incentive special pay (sec. 625)...................   724
            Eligibility of dental officers for additional special 
              pay (sec. 626).....................................   724
            Increase in maximum monthly rate authorized for 
              hardship duty pay (sec. 627).......................   725
            Flexible payment of assignment incentive pay (sec. 
              628)...............................................   725
            Active-duty reenlistment bonus (sec. 629)............   725
            Reenlistment bonus for members of Selected Reserve 
              (sec. 630).........................................   725
            Consolidation and modification of bonuses for 
              affiliation or enlistment in Selected Reserve (sec. 
              631)...............................................   726
            Expansion and enhancement of special pay for enlisted 
              members of the Selected Reserve assigned to certain 
              high priority units (sec. 632).....................   726
            Eligibility requirements for prior service enlistment 
              bonus (sec. 633)...................................   726
            Increase and enhancement of affiliation bonus for 
              officers of the Selected Reserve (sec. 634)........   726
            Increase in authorized maximum amount of enlistment 
              bonus (sec. 635)...................................   727
            Discretion of Secretary of Defense to authorize 
              retroactive hostile fire and imminent danger pay 
              (sec. 636).........................................   727
            Increase in maximum bonus amount for nuclear-
              qualified officers extending period of active duty 
              (sec. 637).........................................   727
            Increase in maximum amount of nuclear career annual 
              incentive bonus for nuclear-qualified officers 
              trained while serving as enlisted members (sec. 
              638)...............................................   727
            Uniform payment of foreign language proficiency pay 
              to eligible reserve component members and regular 
              component members (sec. 639).......................   727
            Retention bonus for members qualified in certain 
              critical skills or assigned to high priority units 
              (sec. 640).........................................   728
            Incentive bonus for transfer between armed forces 
              (sec. 641).........................................   728
            Availability of special pay for members during 
              rehabilitation from wounds, injuries, and illnesses 
              incurred in a combat operation or combat zone (sec. 
              642)...............................................   728
            Pay and benefits to facilitate voluntary separation 
              of targeted members of the armed forces (sec. 643).   729
            Ratification of payment of critical-skills accession 
              bonus for persons enrolled in Senior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps obtaining nursing degrees 
              (sec. 644).........................................   729
            Temporary authority to pay bonus to encourage members 
              of the Army to refer other persons for enlistment 
              in the Army (sec. 645).............................   730
        Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances.........   730
            Authorized absences of members for which lodging 
              expenses at temporary duty location may be paid 
              (sec. 651).........................................   730
            Extended period for selection of home for travel and 
              transportation allowances for dependents of 
              deceased member (sec. 652).........................   730
            Transportation of family members in connection with 
              the repatriation of members held captive (sec. 653)   730
            Increased weight allowances for shipment of household 
              goods of senior noncommissioned officers (sec. 654)   731
            Permanent authority to provide travel and 
              transportation allowances for family members to 
              visit hospitalized members of the armed forces 
              injured in combat operation or combat zone (sec. 
              655)...............................................   731
        Subtitle D--Retired Pay and Survivor Benefits............   731
            Monthly disbursement to states of State income tax 
              withheld from retired or retainer pay (sec. 661)...   731
            Denial of certain burial-related benefits for 
              individuals who committed a capital offense (sec. 
              662)...............................................   731
            Concurrent receipt of veterans disability 
              compensation and military retired pay (sec. 663)...   732
            Additional amounts of death gratuity for survivors of 
              certain members of the armed forces dying on active 
              duty (sec. 664)....................................   732
            Child support for certain minor children of 
              retirement-eligible members convicted of domestic 
              violence resulting in death of child's other parent 
              (sec. 665).........................................   733
            Comptroller General report on actuarial soundness of 
              the Survivor Benefit Plan (sec. 666)...............   733
        Subtitle E--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund 
          Instrumentality Benefits...............................   734
            Increase in authorized level of supplies and services 
              procurement from overseas exchange stores (sec. 
              671)...............................................   734
            Requirements for private operation of commissary 
              store functions (sec. 672).........................   734
            Provision of and payment for overseas transportation 
              services for commissary and exchange supplies and 
              products (sec. 673)................................   734
            Compensatory time off for certain nonappropriated 
              fund employees (sec. 674)..........................   734
            Rest and Recuperation Leave Programs (sec. 675)......   734
        Subtitle F--Other Matters................................   735
            Temporary Army authority to provide additional 
              recruitment incentives (sec. 681)..................   735
            Clarification of leave accrual for members assigned 
              to a deployable ship or mobile unit or other duty 
              (sec. 682).........................................   735
            Expansion of authority to remit or cancel 
              indebtedness of members of the armed forces 
              incurred on active duty (sec. 683).................   735
            Loan repayment program for chaplains in the Selected 
              Reserve (sec. 684).................................   736
            Inclusion of Senior Enlisted Advisor for the Chairman 
              of the Joint Chiefs of Staff among senior enlisted 
              members of the armed forces (sec. 685).............   736
            Special and incentive pays considered for saved pay 
              upon appointment of members as officers (sec. 686).   736
            Repayment of unearned portion of bonuses, special 
              pays, and educational benefits (sec. 687)..........   736
            Rights of members of the armed forces and their 
              dependents under Housing and Urban Development Act 
              of 1968 (sec. 688).................................   737
            Extension of eligibility for SSI for certain 
              individuals in families that include members of the 
              Reserve and National Guard (sec. 689)..............   737
            Information for members of the armed forces and their 
              dependents on rights and protections of the 
              Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (sec. 690).........   737
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   737
            Comptroller General report regarding compensation and 
              benefits for reserve component members.............   737
            Effective date for paid-up coverage under SBP........   738
            Increase in maximum rate of assignment incentive pay.   738
            Provision of information technology services for 
              accommodations provided by non-appropriated fund 
              instrumentalities for wounded members of the armed 
              forces and their families..........................   738
            Repeal of requirement of reduction of SBP survivor 
              annuities by dependency and indemnity compensation.   738
            Revision to eligibility for nonregular service 
              retirement after establishing eligibility for 
              regular retirement.................................   739
            Special compensation for reserve component members 
              who are also tobacco farmers adversely affected by 
              terms of tobacco quota buyout......................   739
Title VII--Health Care Provisions................................   739
    Items of Special Interest....................................   739
            Plan to expedite authorization for use of medical 
              products in an avian or pandemic influenza 
              emergency..........................................   739
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   740
        Subtitle A--Improvements to Health Benefits for Reserves.   740
            Enhancement of TRICARE Reserve Select Program (sec. 
              701)...............................................   740
            Expanded eligibility of members of the Selected 
              Reserve under the TRICARE program (sec. 702).......   741
        Subtitle B--TRICARE Program Improvements.................   742
            Additional information required by surveys on TRICARE 
              Standard (sec. 711)................................   742
            Availability of chiropractic health care services 
              (sec. 712).........................................   742
            Surviving-dependent eligibility under TRICARE dental 
              plan for surviving spouses who were on active duty 
              at time of death of military spouse (sec. 713).....   743
            Exceptional eligibility for TRICARE Prime Remote 
              (sec. 714).........................................   743
            Increased period of continued TRICARE Prime coverage 
              of children of members of the uniformed services 
              who die while serving on active duty for a period 
              of more than 30 days (sec. 715)....................   743
            TRICARE Standard in TRICARE regional offices (sec. 
              716)...............................................   744
            Qualifications for individuals serving as TRICARE 
              regional directors (sec. 717)......................   744
        Subtitle C--Mental Health-Related Provisions.............   744
            Program for mental health awareness for dependents 
              and pilot project on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 
              (sec. 721).........................................   744
            Pilot projects on early diagnosis and treatment of 
              Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and other mental 
              health conditions (sec. 722).......................   745
            Department of Defense task force on mental health 
              (sec. 723).........................................   745
        Subtitle D--Studies and Reports..........................   745
            Study relating to predeployment and postdeployment 
              medical exams of certain members of the armed 
              forces (sec. 731)..................................   745
            Requirements for physical examinations and medical 
              and dental readiness for members of the Selected 
              Reserve not on active duty (sec. 732)..............   746
            Report on delivery of health care benefits through 
              military health care system (sec. 733).............   746
            Comptroller General studies and report on 
              differential payments to children's hospitals for 
              health care for children dependents and maximum 
              allowable charge for obstetrical care services 
              under TRICARE (sec. 734)...........................   746
            Report on the Department of Defense AHLTA global 
              electronic health record system (sec. 735).........   747
            Comptroller General study and report on vaccine 
              healthcare centers (sec. 736)......................   747
            Report on adverse health events associated with use 
              of anti-malarial drugs (sec. 737)..................   747
            Report on Reserve Dental Insurance program (sec. 738)   748
            Demonstration project study on Medicare Advantage 
              regional preferred provider organization option for 
              TRICARE-medicare dual-eligible beneficiaries (sec. 
              739)...............................................   748
            Pilot projects on pediatric early literacy among 
              children of members of the armed forces (sec. 740).   748
        Subtitle E--Other Matters................................   748
            Authority to relocate patient safety center; renaming 
              MedTeams program (sec. 741)........................   748
            Modification of health care quality information and 
              technology enhancement reporting requirement (sec. 
              742)...............................................   749
            Correction to eligibility of certain reserve officers 
              for military health care pending active duty 
              following commissioning (sec. 743).................   749
            Prohibition on conversions of military medical and 
              dental positions to civilian medical positions 
              until submission of certification (sec. 744).......   749
            Clarification of inclusion of dental care in medical 
              readiness tracking and health surveillance program 
              (sec. 745).........................................   750
            Cooperative outreach to members and former members of 
              the naval service exposed to environmental factors 
              related to sarcoidosis (sec. 746)..................   750
            Repeal of requirement for Comptroller General reviews 
              of certain Department of Defense--Department of 
              Veterans Affairs projects on sharing of health care 
              resources (sec. 747)...............................   750
            Pandemic avian flu preparedness (sec. 748)...........   750
            Follow up assistance for members of the armed forces 
              after preseparation physical examinations (sec. 
              749)...............................................   751
            Policy on role of military medical and behavioral 
              science personnel in interrogation of detainees 
              (sec. 750).........................................   751
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   752
            Comptroller General report on expanded partnership 
              between the Department of Defense and the 
              Department of Veterans Affairs on the provision on 
              health care services...............................   752
            Early identification and treatment of mental health 
              and substance abuse disorders......................   752
            Limitation on deductible and copayment requirements 
              for nursing home residents under the pharmacy 
              benefits program...................................   752
            Mental health screening of members of the armed 
              forces for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and other 
              mental health conditions...........................   752
            Services of mental health counselors.................   753
            Study and report on civilian and military partnership 
              project............................................   754
Title VIII--Acquisition Policy, Acquisition Management, and 
  Related Matters................................................   754
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   754
        Subtitle A--Provisions Relating to Major Defense 
          Acquisition Programs...................................   754
            Requirement for certification before major defense 
              acquisition program may proceed to Milestone B 
              (sec. 801).........................................   754
            Requirements applicable to major defense acquisition 
              programs exceeding baseline costs (sec. 802).......   754
            Requirements for determination by Secretary of 
              Defense and notification to Congress before 
              procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
              items (sec. 803)...................................   755
            Reports on significant increases in program 
              acquisition unit costs or procurement units costs 
              of major defense acquisition programs (sec. 804)...   755
            Report on use of lead system integrators in the 
              acquisition of major systems (sec. 805)............   756
            Congressional notification of cancellation of major 
              automated information systems (sec. 806)...........   756
        Subtitle B--Acquisition Policy and Management............   756
            Internal controls for procurements on behalf of the 
              Department of Defense (sec. 811)...................   756
            Management structure for the procurement of contract 
              services (sec. 812)................................   756
            Report on service surcharges for purchases made for 
              military departments through other Department of 
              Defense agencies (sec. 813)........................   757
            Review of defense acquisition structures and 
              capabilities (sec. 814)............................   757
            Modification of requirements applicable to contracts 
              authorized by law for certain military materiel 
              (sec. 815).........................................   757
            Guidance on use of tiered evaluations of offers for 
              contracts and task orders under contracts (sec. 
              816)...............................................   758
            Joint policy on contingency contracting (sec. 817)...   758
            Acquisition strategy for commercial satellite 
              communication services (sec. 818)..................   758
            Authorization of evaluation factor for defense 
              contractors employing or subcontracting with 
              members of the selected reserve of the reserve 
              components of the armed forces (sec. 819)..........   758
        Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting 
          Authorities, Procedures, and Limitations...............   759
            Participation by Department of Defense in acquisition 
              workforce training fund (sec. 821).................   759
            Increase in cost accounting standard threshold (sec. 
              822)...............................................   759
            Modification of authority to carry out certain 
              prototype projects (sec. 823)......................   759
            Increased limit applicable to assistance provided 
              under certain Procurement Technical Assistance 
              Programs (sec. 824)................................   759
        Subtitle D--United States Defense Industrial Base 
          Provisions.............................................   760
            Clarification of exception from Buy American 
              requirements for procurement of perishable food for 
              establishments outside the United States (sec. 831)   760
            Training for defense acquisition workforce on the 
              requirements of the Berry Amendment (sec. 832).....   760
            Amendments to domestic source requirements relating 
              to clothing materials and components covered (sec. 
              833)...............................................   760
        Subtitle E--Other Matters................................   760
            Review and report on Department of Defense efforts to 
              identify contract fraud, waste, and abuse (sec. 
              841)...............................................   760
            Extension of contract goal for small disadvantaged 
              businesses and certain institutions of higher 
              education (sec. 842)...............................   761
            Extension of deadline for report of advisory panel on 
              laws and regulations on acquisition practices (sec. 
              843)...............................................   761
            Exclusion of certain security expenses from 
              consideration for purpose of small business size 
              standards (sec. 844)...............................   761
            Disaster relief for small business concerns damaged 
              by drought (sec. 845)..............................   761
            Extension of limited acquisition authority for the 
              Commander of the United States Joint Forces Command 
              (sec. 846).........................................   761
            Civilian Board of Contract Appeals (sec. 847)........   762
            Statement of policy and report relating to 
              contracting with employers of persons with 
              disabilities (sec. 848)............................   762
            Study on Department of Defense contracting with small 
              business concerns owned and controlled by service-
              disabled veterans (sec. 849).......................   762
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   763
            Applicability of statutory executive compensation cap 
              made prospective...................................   763
            Buy America requirement for procurements of goods 
              containing components..............................   763
            Clarification of rapid acquisition authority to 
              respond to combat emergencies......................   763
            Conditional waiver of domestic source or content 
              requirements for certain countries with reciprocal 
              procurement agreements with the United States......   763
            Consistency with United States obligations under 
              trade agreements...................................   764
            Contracting incentive for small power plants on 
              former military bases..............................   764
            Contractors on the battlefield.......................   764
            Domestic source restriction for lithium ion cells and 
              batteries..........................................   765
            Ensuring transparency in federal contracting.........   765
            Fair access to multiple-award contracts..............   765
            Increased flexibility for designation of critical 
              acquisition positions in defense acquisition 
              workforce..........................................   765
            Limitation and reinvestment authority relating to 
              reduction of the defense acquisition and support 
              workforce..........................................   766
            Modification and extension of pilot program on share-
              in-savings contracts...............................   766
            Pilot program to expand public-private partnerships 
              for research and development.......................   766
            Prohibition on defense contractors requiring licenses 
              or fees for use of military likenesses and 
              designations.......................................   766
            Prohibition on procurement from beneficiaries of 
              foreign subsidies..................................   766
            Radio Frequency Identifier Technology................   767
            Rapid acquisition authority to respond to defense 
              intelligence community emergencies.................   767
            Reports on certain defense contracts in Iraq and 
              Afghanistan........................................   767
            Requirement for contracting operations to be included 
              in interagency planning related to stabilization 
              and reconstruction.................................   768
            Requirements for defense contractors relating to 
              certain former Department of Defense officials.....   768
            Review of certain contractor ethics matters..........   768
            Sense of Senate on applicability of competition 
              exceptions to eligibility of National Guard for 
              financial assistance for performance of additional 
              duties.............................................   768
            Small business contracting in overseas procurements..   769
            Technical amendments relating to defense acquisition 
              workforce improvements.............................   769
            Temporary Inapplicability of the Berry Amendment to 
              Procurements of Speciality Metals that are used to 
              produce Force Protection Equipment.................   769
            Termination of program...............................   769
            Use of commercially available online services for 
              federal procurement of commercial items............   769
Title IX--Department of Defense Organization and Management......   770
    Items of Special Interest....................................   770
            The current state of military space..................   770
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   771
        Subtitle A--General Department of Defense Management 
          Matters................................................   771
            Parity in pay levels among Under Secretary Positions 
              (sec. 901).........................................   771
            Expansion of eligibility for leadership of Department 
              of Defense Test Resource Management Center (sec. 
              902)...............................................   771
            Standardization of authority for acceptance of gifts 
              and donations for Department of Defense regional 
              centers for security studies (sec. 903)............   771
            Directors of Small Business Programs in Department of 
              Defense and military departments (sec. 904)........   772
            Plan to defend the homeland against cruise missiles 
              and other low-altitude aircraft (sec. 905).........   772
            Provision of audiovisual support services by White 
              House Communications Agency on nonreimbursable 
              basis (sec. 906)...................................   772
            Report on establishment of a Deputy Secretary of 
              Defense for Management (sec. 907)..................   772
            Responsibility of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as 
              military advisers to the Homeland Security Council 
              (sec. 908).........................................   773
            Improvement in health care services for residents of 
              Armed Forces Retirement Home (sec. 909)............   773
        Subtitle B--Space Activities.............................   773
            Space Situational Awareness Strategy and space 
              control mission review (sec. 911)..................   773
            Military satellite communications (sec. 912).........   773
            Operationally responsive space (sec. 913)............   774
            Report on use of Space Radar for topographical 
              mapping for scientific and civil purposes (sec. 
              914)...............................................   774
            Sense of Congress regarding national security aspect 
              of United States preeminence in human spaceflight 
              (sec. 915).........................................   774
        Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Program............   774
            Clarification of cooperative agreement authority 
              under chemical demilitarization program (sec. 921).   774
            Chemical demilitarization facilities (sec. 922)......   774
        Subtitle D--Intelligence-Related Matters.................   775
            Department of Defense strategy for open source 
              intelligence (sec. 931)............................   775
            Comprehensive inventory of Department of Defense 
              intelligence and intelligence-related programs and 
              projects (sec. 932)................................   775
            Operational files of the Defense Intelligence Agency 
              (sec. 933).........................................   776
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   776
            Advisory committee on Department of Defense 
              requirements for space control.....................   776
            American Forces Network..............................   776
            Prohibition on implementation of certain orders and 
              guidance on functions and duties of the General 
              Counsel and the Judge Advocate General of the Air 
              Force..............................................   776
            Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the 
              Department of the Navy and Marine Corps............   777
            Transfer to Secretary of the Army of responsibility 
              for Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives program   777
            United States Military Cancer Institute..............   777
Title X--General Provisions......................................   778
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   778
        Subtitle A--Financial Matters............................   778
            Transfer authority (sec. 1001).......................   778
            Authorization of emergency supplemental 
              appropriations for fiscal years 2005 and 2006 (sec. 
              1002)..............................................   778
            Increase in fiscal year 2005 general transfer 
              authority (sec. 1003)..............................   778
            Reports on feasibility and desirability of capital 
              budgeting for major defense acquisition programs 
              (sec. 1004)........................................   778
            United States contribution to NATO common-funded 
              budgets in fiscal year 2006 (sec. 1005)............   779
        Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards..................   779
            Conveyance, Navy drydock, Seattle, Washington (sec. 
              1011)..............................................   779
            Conveyance, Navy drydock, Jacksonville, Florida (sec. 
              1012)..............................................   779
            Conveyance, Navy drydock, Port Arthur, Texas (sec. 
              1013)..............................................   780
            Transfer of battleships USS Wisconsin and USS Iowa 
              (sec. 1014)........................................   780
            Transfer of ex-USS Forrest Sherman (sec. 1015).......   781
            Report on leasing of vessels to meet national defense 
              sealift requirements (sec. 1016)...................   781
            Establishment of the USS Oklahoma memorial and other 
              memorials at Pearl Harbor (sec. 1017)..............   781
            Authority to use National Defense Sealift Fund to 
              purchase certain maritime prepositioning ships 
              currently under charter to the Navy (sec. 1018)....   782
        Subtitle C--Counter-Drug Activities......................   782
            Resumption of reporting requirement regarding 
              Department of Defense expenditures to support 
              foreign counterdrug activities (sec. 1021).........   782
            Clarification of authority for joint task forces to 
              support law enforcement agencies conducting 
              counterterrorism activities (sec. 1022)............   783
            Sense of Congress regarding drug trafficking 
              deterrence (sec. 1023).............................   783
        Subtitle D--Matters Related to Homeland Security.........   783
            Responsibilities of Assistant Secretary of Defense 
              for Homeland Defense relating to nuclear, chemical, 
              and biological emergency response (sec. 1031)......   783
            Testing of preparedness for emergencies involving 
              nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological, and 
              high-yield explosives weapons (sec. 1032)..........   784
            Department of Defense chemical, biological, 
              radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosives 
              response teams (sec. 1033).........................   784
            Repeal of Department of Defense emergency response 
              assistance program (sec. 1034).....................   784
            Report on use of Department of Defense aerial 
              reconnaissance assets to support Homeland Security 
              border security missions (sec. 1035)...............   784
        Subtitle E--Reports and Studies..........................   785
            Review of Defense Base Act insurance (sec. 1041).....   785
            Report on Department of Defense response to findings 
              and recommendations of Defense Science Board Task 
              Force on High Performance Microchip Supply (sec. 
              1042)..............................................   785
        Subtitle F--Other Matters................................   785
            Commission on the Implementation of the New Strategic 
              Posture of the United States (sec. 1051)...........   785
            Reestablishment of EMP Commission (sec. 1052)........   786
            Modernization of authority relating to security of 
              defense property and facilities (sec. 1053)........   786
            Revision of Department of Defense counterintelligence 
              polygraph program (sec. 1054)......................   787
            Preservation of records pertaining to radioactive 
              fallout from nuclear weapons testing (sec. 1055)...   787
            Technical and clerical amendments (sec. 1056)........   787
            Deletion of obsolete definitions in titles 10 and 32, 
              United States Code (sec. 1057).....................   787
            Support for youth organizations (sec. 1058)..........   788
            Special immigrant status for persons serving as 
              translators with United States armed forces (sec. 
              1059)..............................................   788
            Expansion of emergency services under reciprocal 
              agreements (sec. 1060).............................   788
            Renewal of moratorium on return of veterans memorial 
              objects to foreign nations without specific 
              authorization in law (sec. 1061)...................   788
            Sense of Congress on national security interest of 
              maintaining aeronautics research and development 
              (sec. 1062)........................................   789
            Airport certification (sec. 1063)....................   789
        Subtitle G--Military Mail Matters........................   789
            Safe delivery of mail in military mail system (sec. 
              1071)..............................................   789
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   789
            Assignment of members of the armed forces to assist 
              Bureau of Border Security and Bureau of Citizenship 
              and Immigration Services of the Department of 
              Homeland Security..................................   789
            Coal-to-liquid fuel development plan.................   790
            Delivery of mail addressed to any service member.....   790
            Establishment of National Foreign Language 
              Coordination Council...............................   791
            Extension of Department of Defense authority to 
              support counterdrug activities.....................   791
            Grant of federal charter to Korean War Veterans 
              Association, Incorporated..........................   791
            Incorporation of classified annex....................   791
            Policy of the United States on the Intercontinental 
              Ballistic Missile force............................   792
            Reduction in overall authorization due to inflation 
              savings............................................   792
            Repeal of requirement for report to Congress 
              regarding global strike capability.................   792
            Report on alleged clandestine detention facilities 
              for individuals captured in the global war on 
              terrorism..........................................   793
            Retention on reimbursement for provision of 
              reciprocal fire protection services................   793
            Sense of the Senate on Common Remotely Operated 
              Weapons Station platform...........................   793
            Support for counterdrug activities through bases of 
              operation and training facilities in Afghanistan...   794
            Technical amendments relating to certain provisions 
              of environmental defense laws......................   794
Title XI--Civilian Personnel Matters.............................   795
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   795
        Subtitle A--Extensions of Authorities....................   795
            Extension of eligibility to continue Federal employee 
              health benefits (sec. 1101)........................   795
            Extension of Department of Defense voluntary 
              reduction in force authority (sec. 1102)...........   795
            Extension of authority to make lump sum severance 
              payments (sec. 1103)...............................   795
            Permanent extension of Science, Mathematics, and 
              Research for Transformation (SMART) defense 
              education program (sec. 1104)......................   795
            Authority to waive annual limitation on total 
              compensation paid to Federal civilian employees 
              (sec. 1105)........................................   796
        Subtitle B--Veterans Preference Matters..................   796
            Veterans' preference status for certain veterans who 
              served on active duty during the period beginning 
              on September 11, 2001, and ending as of the close 
              of Operation Iraqi Freedom (sec. 1111).............   796
            Veterans' preference eligibility for military 
              reservists (sec. 1112).............................   796
        Subtitle C--Other Matters................................   796
            Transportation of family members in connection with 
              the repatriation of Federal employees held captive 
              (sec. 1121)........................................   796
            Strategic human capital plan for civilian employees 
              of the Department of Defense (sec. 1122)...........   797
            Independent study on features of successful personnel 
              management systems of highly technical and 
              scientific workforces (sec. 1123)..................   797
            Support by Department of Defense of pilot project for 
              Civilian Linguist Reserve Corps (sec. 1124)........   797
            Increase in authorized number of positions in Defense 
              Intelligence Senior Executive Service (sec. 1125)..   798
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   798
            Authority for heads of agencies to allow shorter 
              length of required service by federal employees 
              after completion of training.......................   798
Title XII--Matters Relating to Foreign Nations...................   798
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   798
        Subtitle A--Assistance and Training......................   798
            Extension of humanitarian and civic assistance 
              provided to host nations in conjunction with 
              military operations (sec. 1201)....................   798
            Commanders' Emergency Response Program (sec. 1202)...   798
            Modification of geographic restriction under 
              bilateral and regional cooperation programs for 
              payment of certain expenses of defense personnel of 
              developing countries (sec. 1203)...................   799
            Authority for Department of Defense to enter into 
              acquisition and cross-servicing agreements with 
              regional organizations of which the United States 
              is not a member (sec. 1204)........................   800
            Two-year extension of authority for payment of 
              certain administrative services and support for 
              coalition liaison officers (sec. 1205).............   800
            Authority to build the capacity of foreign military 
              forces (sec. 1206).................................   800
            Security and stabilization assistance (sec. 1207)....   801
            Reimbursement of certain coalition nations for 
              support provided to United States military 
              operations (sec. 1208).............................   802
            Authority to transfer defense articles and provide 
              defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Iraq and Afghanistan (sec. 1209).........   802
        Subtitle B--Nonproliferation Matters and Countries of 
          Concern................................................   803
            Prohibition on procurements from Communist Chinese 
              military companies (sec. 1211).....................   803
            Report on nonstrategic nuclear weapons (sec. 1212)...   803
        Subtitle C--Reports and Sense of Congress Provisions.....   804
            War-related reporting requirements (sec. 1221).......   804
            Quarterly reports on war strategy in Iraq (sec. 1222)   804
            Report on records of civilian casualties in 
              Afghanistan and Iraq (sec. 1223)...................   804
            Annual report on Department of Defense costs to carry 
              out United Nations resolutions (sec. 1224).........   805
            Report on claims related to the bombing of the 
              LaBelle Discotheque (sec. 1225)....................   805
            Sense of Congress concerning cooperation with Russia 
              on issues pertaining to missile defense (sec. 1226)   805
            United States policy on Iraq (sec. 1227).............   805
        Subtitle D--Other Matters................................   806
            Purchase of weapons overseas for force protection 
              purposes in countries in which combat operations 
              are ongoing (sec. 1231)............................   806
            Riot control agents (sec. 1232)......................   806
            Requirement for establishment of certain criteria 
              applicable to Global Posture Review (sec. 1233)....   807
            The United States-China Economic Security Review 
              Commission (sec. 1234).............................   807
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   808
            Military educational exchanges between senior 
              officers and officials of the United States and 
              Taiwan.............................................   808
            Procurement sanctions against foreign persons that 
              transfer certain defense articles and services to 
              the People's Republic of China.....................   808
            Prohibition on engaging in certain transactions......   808
            Report on acquisition by Iran of nuclear weapons.....   808
            Sense of Congress on support for Nuclear Non-
              Proliferation Treaty...............................   808
Title XIII--Cooperative Threat Reduction With States of the 
  Former Soviet Union............................................   809
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   809
            Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction 
              programs and funds (sec. 1301).....................   809
            Funding allocations (sec. 1302)......................   810
            Permanent waiver of restrictions on use of funds for 
              threat reduction in states of the former Soviet 
              Union (sec. 1303)..................................   810
            Report on elimination of impediments to threat-
              reduction and nonproliferation programs in the 
              former Soviet Union (sec. 1304)....................   810
            Repeal of requirement for annual Comptroller General 
              assessment of annual Department of Defense report 
              on activities and assistance under Cooperative 
              Threat Reduction programs (sec. 1305)..............   811
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   811
            Authority to obligate weapons of mass destruction 
              proliferation prevention funds for nuclear weapons 
              storage security...................................   811
            Modification of authority to use Cooperative Threat 
              Reduction funds outside the former Soviet Union....   811
            Removal of certain restrictions on provision of 
              cooperative threat reduction assistance............   812
Title XIV--Matters Relating to Detainees.........................   812
    Legislative Provision Adopted................................   812
            Matters relating to detainees (secs. 1401-1406)......   812
Title XV--Authorization for Increased Costs Due to Operation 
  Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom...................   814
            Overview.............................................   814
            Summary table of authorization.......................   815
    Items of Special Interest....................................   826
            Advanced First Responder Network.....................   826
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   826
            Purpose (sec. 1501)..................................   826
            Army Procurement (sec. 1502).........................   826
            Navy and Marine Corps Procurement (sec. 1503)........   827
            Air Force Procurement (sec. 1504)....................   827
            Defense-wide activities procurement (sec. 1505)......   827
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (sec. 
              1506)..............................................   827
            Operation and Maintenance (sec. 1507)................   828
            Defense Working Capital Funds (sec. 1508)............   828
            Defense Health Program (sec. 1509)...................   828
            Military Personnel (sec. 1510).......................   828
            Iraq Freedom Fund (sec. 1511)........................   828
            Treatment as additional authorizations (sec. 1512)...   829
            Transfer authority (sec. 1513).......................   829
            Availability of funds (sec. 1514)....................   829
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   829
            Designation of emergency authorization...............   829
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS.................   830
            Explanation of funding tables........................   830
    Items of Special Interest....................................   830
            Unspecified minor construction accounts..............   830
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   851
            Short title (sec. 2001)..............................   851
Title XXI--Army..................................................   851
            Overview.............................................   851
    Items of Special Interest....................................   851
            Army use of alternate authorities to acquire 
              unaccompanied housing..............................   851
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   852
            Authorized Army construction and land acquisition 
              projects (sec. 2101)...............................   852
            Family housing (sec. 2102)...........................   852
            Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 
              2103)..............................................   852
            Authorization of appropriations, Army (sec. 2104)....   852
            Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
              year 2004 project (sec. 2105)......................   852
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   853
            Construction of battalion dining facilities, Fort 
              Knox, Kentucky.....................................   853
Title XXII--Navy.................................................   853
            Overview.............................................   853
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   853
            Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
              projects (sec. 2201)...............................   853
            Family housing (sec. 2202)...........................   854
            Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 
              2203)..............................................   854
            Authorization of appropriations, Navy (sec. 2204)....   854
            Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
              year 2004 project (sec. 2205)......................   854
            Modifications of authority to carry out certain 
              fiscal year 2005 projects (sec. 2206)..............   855
Title XXIII--Air Force...........................................   855
            Overview.............................................   855
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   855
            Authorized Air Force construction and land 
              acquisition projects (sec. 2301)...................   855
            Family housing (sec. 2302)...........................   855
            Improvements to military family housing units (sec. 
              2303)..............................................   856
            Authorization of appropriations, Air Force (sec. 
              2304)..............................................   856
Title XXIV--Defense Agencies.....................................   856
            Overview.............................................   856
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   857
            Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects (sec. 2401)...................   857
            Energy conservation projects (sec. 2402).............   857
            Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies 
              (sec. 2403)........................................   857
Title XXV--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
  Program........................................................   858
            Overview.............................................   858
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   858
            Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition 
              projects (sec. 2501)...............................   858
            Authorization of appropriations, NATO (sec. 2502)....   858
Title XXVI--Guard and Reserve Forces Facilities..................   858
            Overview.............................................   858
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   859
            Authorized Guard and Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects (sec. 2601)...................   859
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   859
            Construction of facilities, New Castle County Airport 
              Air Guard Base, Delaware...........................   859
            Construction of maintenance hangar, New Castle County 
              Airport Air Guard Base, Delaware...................   859
            National Guard construction projects.................   860
            Specific authorized Army National Guard construction 
              projects...........................................   860
Title XXVII--Expiration and Extension of Authorizations..........   860
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   860
            Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to 
              be specified by law (sec. 2701)....................   860
            Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 
              2003 projects (sec. 2702)..........................   861
            Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 
              2002 projects (sec. 2703)..........................   861
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   861
            Effective date.......................................   861
Title XXVIII--General Provisions.................................   861
    Items of Special Interest....................................   861
            Joint urban operations training facilities...........   861
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   862
        Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military 
          Family Housing Changes.................................   862
            Modification of congressional notification 
              requirements for certain military construction 
              activities (sec. 2801).............................   862
            Increase in number of family housing units in Korea 
              authorized for lease by the Army at maximum amount 
              (sec. 2802)........................................   862
            Improvement in availability and timeliness of 
              Department of Defense information regarding 
              military construction and family housing accounts 
              and activities (sec. 2803).........................   863
            Modification of cost variation authority (sec. 2804).   863
            Inapplicability to child development centers of 
              restriction on authority to acquire or construct 
              ancillary supporting facilities (sec. 2805)........   863
            Department of Defense housing funds (sec. 2806)......   864
            Use of design-build selection procedures to 
              accelerate design effort in connection with 
              military construction projects (sec. 2807).........   864
            Acquisition of associated utilities, equipment, and 
              furnishings in reserve component facility exchange 
              (sec. 2808)........................................   864
            One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to 
              use operation and maintenance funds for 
              construction projects outside the United States 
              (sec. 2809)........................................   864
            Temporary program to use minor military construction 
              authority for construction of child development 
              centers (sec. 2810)................................   864
            General and flag officers quarters in the National 
              Capital Region (sec. 2811).........................   865
        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration..   865
            Consolidation of Department of Defense land 
              acquisition authorities and limitations on use of 
              such authorities (sec. 2821).......................   865
            Modification of authorities on agreements to limit 
              encroachments and other constraints on military 
              training, testing, and operations (sec. 2822)......   865
            Modification of utility system conveyance authority 
              and related reporting requirements (sec. 2823).....   866
            Report on application of force protection and anti-
              terrorism standards to leased facilities (sec. 
              2824)..............................................   867
            Report on use of ground source heat pumps at 
              Department of Defense facilities (sec. 2825).......   867
        Subtitle C--Base Closure and Realignment.................   867
            Additional reporting requirements regarding base 
              closure process and use of Department of Defense 
              base closure accounts (sec. 2831)..................   867
            Expanded availability of adjustment and 
              diversification assistance for communities 
              adversely affected by mission realignments in base 
              closure process (sec. 2832)........................   868
            Treatment of Indian Tribal Governments as public 
              entities for purposes of disposal of real property 
              recommended for closure in July 1993 BRAC 
              Commission Report (sec. 2833)......................   868
            Termination of project authorizations for military 
              installations approved for closure in 2005 round of 
              base realignments and closures (sec. 2834).........   868
            Required consultation with State and local entities 
              on issues related to increase in number of military 
              personnel at military installations (sec. 2835)....   868
            Sense of Congress regarding infrastructure and 
              installation requirements for transfer of units and 
              personnel from closed and realigned military 
              installations to receiving locations (sec. 2836)...   869
            Defense access road program and military 
              installations affected by defense base closure 
              process or Integrated Global Presence and Basing 
              Strategy (sec. 2837)...............................   869
            Sense of Congress on reversionary interests involving 
              real property at Navy homeports (sec. 2838)........   869
        Subtitle D--Land Conveyances.............................   869
            Part I--Army Conveyances.............................   869
              Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona (sec. 2841)..   869
              Land conveyance, Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, 
                Middletown, Iowa (sec. 2842).....................   870
              Land conveyance, Helena, Montana (sec. 2843).......   870
              Lease authority, Army Heritage and Education 
                Center, Carlisle, Pennsylvania (sec. 2844).......   870
              Land exchange, Fort Hood, Texas (sec. 2845)........   870
              Modification of land conveyance, Engineer Proving 
                Ground, Fort Belvoir, Virginia (sec. 2846).......   870
              Land conveyance, Fort Belvoir, Virginia (sec. 2847)   871
              Land conveyance, Army Reserve Center, Bothell, 
                Washington (sec. 2848)...........................   871
            Part II--Navy Conveyances............................   871
              Land conveyance, Marine Corps Air Station, Miramar, 
                San Diego, California (sec. 2851)................   871
              Lease or license of United States Navy Museum 
                facilities at Washington Navy Yard, District of 
                Columbia (sec. 2852).............................   871
            Part III--Air Force Conveyances......................   872
              Purchase of build-to-lease family housing, Eielson 
                Air Force Base, Alaska (sec. 2861)...............   871
              Land conveyance, Air Force property, Jacksonville, 
                Arkansas (sec. 2862).............................   872
              Land conveyance, Air Force property, La Junta, 
                Colorado (sec. 2863).............................   872
              Lease, National Imagery and Mapping Agency site, 
                St. Louis, Missouri (sec. 2864)..................   872
        Subtitle E--Other Matters................................   873
            Clarification of moratorium on certain improvements 
              at Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico (sec. 2871)..........   873
            Transfer of excess Department of Defense property on 
              Santa Rosa and Okaloosa Island, Florida, to Gulf 
              Islands National Seashore (sec. 2872)..............   873
            Authorized military uses of Papago Park Military 
              Reservation, Phoenix, Arizona (sec. 2873)..........   873
            Assessment of water needs for Presidio of Monterey 
              and Ord military community (sec. 2874).............   873
            Redesignation of McEntire Air National Guard Station, 
              South Carolina, as McEntire Joint National Guard 
              Base (sec. 2875)...................................   874
            Sense of Congress regarding community impact 
              assistance related to construction of Navy landing 
              field, North Carolina (sec. 2876)..................   874
            Sense of Congress on establishment of Bakers Creek 
              Memorial (sec. 2877)...............................   874
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   874
            Authority to lease non-excess property of Department 
              of Defense field activities........................   874
            Designation of William B. Bryant Annex...............   874
            Expanded authority to enter into lease-purchase 
              agreements.........................................   875
            Expansion of authority to convey property at military 
              installations to support military construction.....   875
            Identification of environmental conditions at 
              military installations closed or realigned under 
              2005 round of defense base closure and realignment.   875
            Increase in thresholds for unspecified minor military 
              construction projects..............................   876
            One-year extension of Department of Defense 
              laboratory revitalization program..................   876
            Sense of Congress regarding consideration of national 
              defense industrial base interests during Base 
              Closure and Realignment Commission review of 
              Department of Defense base closure and realignment 
              recommendations....................................   876
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS 
  AND OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS.......................................   876
Title XXXI--Department of Energy National Security Programs......   876
            Overview.............................................   876
    Items of Special Interest....................................   897
            Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium at Savannah 
              River, South Carolina..............................   897
            Nanotechnology Enterprise Development Center.........   897
            National laboratory work on force protection 
              technologies.......................................   897
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   898
        Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations....   898
            National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3101).   898
            Defense environmental cleanup (sec. 3102)............   899
            Other defense activities (sec. 3103).................   899
            Defense nuclear waste disposal (sec. 3104)...........   899
        Subtitle B--Other Matters................................   899
            Reliable Replacement Warhead program (sec. 3111).....   899
            Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (sec. 3112)   900
            Report on compliance with Design Basis Threat issued 
              by Department of Energy in 2005 (sec. 3113)........   900
            Reports associated with Waste Treatment and 
              Immobilization Plant Project, Hanford Site, 
              Richland, Washington (sec. 3114)...................   900
            Report on assistance for a comprehensive inventory of 
              Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons (sec. 3115)...   901
            Report on international border security programs 
              (sec. 3116)........................................   901
            Savannah River National Laboratory (sec. 3117).......   901
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................   902
            Prohibition on use of funds for robust nuclear earth 
              penetrator.........................................   902
            Report on advanced technologies for nuclear power 
              reactors in the United States......................   902
            Sense of the Senate regarding interim reports on 
              residual beryllium contamination at Department of 
              Energy vendor facilities...........................   903
Title XXXII--Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.............   903
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   903
            Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (sec. 3201)..   903
Title XXXIII--National Defense Stockpile.........................   903
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   903
            Authorized uses of National Defense Stockpile funds 
              (sec. 3301)........................................   903
            Revisions to required receipt objectives for 
              previously authorized disposals from National 
              Defense Stockpile (sec. 3302)......................   904
            Authorization for disposal of tungsten ores and 
              concentrates (sec. 3303)...........................   904
            Disposal of ferromanganese (sec. 3304)...............   904
Title XXXIV--Naval Petroleum Reserves............................   904
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   904
            Authorization of appropriations (sec. 3401)..........   904
Title XXXV--Maritime Administration..............................   905
    Legislative Provisions Adopted...............................   905
            Maritime administration (secs. 3501-3510)............   905


109th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                    109-360

======================================================================



 
        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006

                                _______
                                

               December 18, 2005.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Hunter, from the committee of conference, submitted the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                        [To accompany H.R. 1815]

    The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the 
two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 
1815), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2006 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of 
Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such 
fiscal year, and for other purposes, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
    That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
    In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the Senate 
amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into three divisions 
as follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense 
        Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction 
        Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National 
        Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

            Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Army.
Sec. 102. Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 103. Air Force.
Sec. 104. Defense-wide activities.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for utility helicopters.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for modernized target 
          acquisition designation sight/pilot night vision sensors for 
          AH-64 Apache attack helicopters.
Sec. 113. Multiyear procurement authority for conversion of AH-64A 
          Apache attack helicopters to the AH-64D Block II 
          configuration.
Sec. 114. Acquisition strategy for tactical wheeled vehicle programs.
Sec. 115. Report on Army Modular Force Initiative.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Virginia-class submarine program.
Sec. 122. LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) amphibious assault ship program.
Sec. 123. Cost limitation for next-generation destroyer program.
Sec. 124. Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on acquisition of next-generation destroyer 
          through a single shipyard.
Sec. 126. Aircraft carrier force structure.
Sec. 127. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. Carl Vinson.
Sec. 128. CVN-78 aircraft carrier.
Sec. 129. LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) ship.
Sec. 130. Report on alternative propulsion methods for surface 
          combatants and amphibious warfare ships.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. C-17 aircraft program and assessment of intertheater airlift 
          requirements.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on retirement of KC-135E aircraft.
Sec. 133. Prohibition on retirement of F-117 aircraft during fiscal year 
          2006.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on retirement of C-130E/H tactical airlift 
          aircraft during fiscal year 2006.
Sec. 135. Procurement of C-130J/KC-130J aircraft after fiscal year 2005.
Sec. 136. Report on Air Force aircraft aeromedical evacuation programs.

               Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Requirement that tactical unmanned aerial vehicles use 
          specified standard data link.
Sec. 142. Limitation on initiation of new unmanned aerial vehicle 
          systems.
Sec. 143. Advanced SEAL Delivery System.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 202. Amount for defense science and technology.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Annual Comptroller General report on Future Combat Systems 
          program.
Sec. 212. Contract for the procurement of the Future Combat Systems 
          (FCS).
Sec. 213. Limitations on systems development and demonstration of manned 
          ground vehicles under Armored Systems Modernization program.
Sec. 214. Separate program elements required for significant systems 
          development and demonstration projects for Armored Systems 
          Modernization program.
Sec. 215. Initiation of program to design and develop next-generation 
          nuclear attack submarine.
Sec. 216. Extension of requirements relating to management 
          responsibility for naval mine countermeasures programs.
Sec. 217. Single set of requirements for Army and Marine Corps heavy 
          lift rotorcraft program.
Sec. 218. Requirements for development of tactical radio communications 
          systems.
Sec. 219. Limitation on systems development and demonstration of 
          Personnel Recovery Vehicle.
Sec. 220. Limitation on VXX helicopter program.
Sec. 221. Report on testing of Internet Protocol version 6.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 231. Report on capabilities and costs for operational boost/ascent-
          phase missile defense systems.
Sec. 232. One-year extension of Comptroller General assessments of 
          ballistic missile defense programs.
Sec. 233. Fielding of ballistic missile defense capabilities.
Sec. 234. Plans for test and evaluation of operational capability of the 
          ballistic missile defense system.

 Subtitle D--High-Performance Defense Manufacturing Technology Research 
                             and Development

Sec. 241. Pilot program for identification and transition of advanced 
          manufacturing processes and technologies.
Sec. 242. Transition of transformational manufacturing processes and 
          technologies to defense manufacturing base.
Sec. 243. Manufacturing technology strategies.
Sec. 244. Report.
Sec. 245. Definitions.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 251. Comptroller General report on program element structure for 
          research, development, test, and evaluation projects.
Sec. 252. Research and development efforts for purposes of small 
          business research.
Sec. 253. Revised requirements relating to submission of Joint 
          Warfighting Science and Technology Plan.
Sec. 254. Report on efficiency of naval shipbuilding industry.
Sec. 255. Technology transition.
Sec. 256. Prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast injuries.
Sec. 257. Modification of requirements for annual report on DARPA 
          program to award cash prizes for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 258. Designation of facilities and resources constituting the Major 
          Range and Test Facility Base.
Sec. 259. Report on cooperation between Department of Defense and 
          National Aeronautics and Space Administration on research, 
          development, test, and evaluation activities.
Sec. 260. Delayed effective date for limitation on procurement of 
          systems not GPS-equipped.
Sec. 261. Report on development and use of robotics and unmanned ground 
          vehicle systems.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.
Sec. 302. Working capital funds.
Sec. 303. Other Department of Defense programs.

                  Subtitle B--Environmental Provisions

Sec. 311. Elimination and simplification of certain items required in 
          the annual report on environmental quality programs and other 
          environmental activities.
Sec. 312. Payment of certain private cleanup costs in connection with 
          Defense Environmental Restoration Program.

                 Subtitle C--Workplace and Depot Issues

Sec. 321. Modification of authority of Army working-capital funded 
          facilities to engage in cooperative activities with non-Army 
          entities.
Sec. 322. Limitation on transition of funding for east coast shipyards 
          from funding through Navy working capital fund to direct 
          funding.
Sec. 323. Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative 
          matters.
Sec. 324. Sense of Congress regarding depot maintenance.

              Subtitle D--Extension of Program Authorities

Sec. 331. Extension of authority to provide logistics support and 
          services for weapons systems contractors.
Sec. 332. Extension of period for reimbursement for certain protective, 
          safety, or health equipment purchased by or for members of the 
          Armed Forces deployed in contingency operations.

                         Subtitle E--Outsourcing

Sec. 341. Public-private competition.
Sec. 342. Contracting for procurement of certain supplies and services.
Sec. 343. Performance of certain work by Federal Government employees.
Sec. 344. Extension of temporary authority for contractor performance of 
          security-guard functions.

              Subtitle F--Analysis, Strategies, and Reports

Sec. 351. Report on Department of Army programs for prepositioning of 
          equipment and other materiel.
Sec. 352. Reports on budget models used for base operations support, 
          sustainment, and facilities recapitalization.
Sec. 353. Army training strategy for brigade-based combat teams and 
          functional supporting brigades.
Sec. 354. Report regarding effect on military readiness of undocumented 
          immigrants trespassing upon operational ranges.
Sec. 355. Report regarding management of Army lodging.
Sec. 356. Comptroller General report on corrosion prevention and 
          mitigation programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 357. Study on use of biodiesel and ethanol fuel.
Sec. 358. Report on effects of windmill farms on military readiness.
Sec. 359. Report on space-available travel for certain disabled veterans 
          and gray-area retirees.
Sec. 360. Report on joint field training and experimentation on 
          stability, security, transition, and reconstruction 
          operations.
Sec. 361. Reports on budgeting relating to sustainment of key military 
          equipment.
Sec. 362. Repeal of Air Force report on military installation 
          encroachment issues.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Supervision and management of Defense Business Transformation 
          Agency.
Sec. 372. Codification and revision of limitation on modification of 
          major items of equipment scheduled for retirement or disposal.
Sec. 373. Limitation on purchase of investment items with operation and 
          maintenance funds.
Sec. 374. Operation and use of general gift funds of the Department of 
          Defense and Coast Guard.
Sec. 375. Inclusion of packet based telephony in Department of Defense 
          telecommunications benefit.
Sec. 376. Limitation on financial management improvement and audit 
          initiatives within Department of Defense.
Sec. 377. Provision of welfare of special category residents at Naval 
          Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 378. Commemoration of success of the Armed Forces in Operation 
          Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

                Subtitle H--Utah Test and Training Range

Sec. 381. Definitions.
Sec. 382. Military operations and overflights, Utah Test and Training 
          Range.
Sec. 383. Analysis of military readiness and operational impacts in 
          planning process for Federal lands in Utah Test and Training 
          Range.
Sec. 384. Designation and management of Cedar Mountain Wilderness, Utah.
Sec. 385. Relation to other lands.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revision in permanent active duty end strength minimum levels.
Sec. 403. Additional authority for increases of Army and Marine Corps 
          active duty end strengths for fiscal years 2007 through 2009.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2006 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Armed Forces Retirement Home.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Temporary increase in percentage limits on reduction of time-
          in-grade requirements for retirement in grade upon voluntary 
          retirement.
Sec. 502. Two-year renewal of temporary authority to reduce minimum 
          length of commissioned service required for voluntary 
          retirement as an officer.
Sec. 503. Exclusion from active-duty general and flag officer 
          distribution and strength limitations of officers on leave 
          pending separation or retirement or between senior positions.
Sec. 504. Consolidation of grade limitations on officer assignment and 
          insignia practice known as frocking.
Sec. 505. Clarification of deadline for receipt by promotion selection 
          boards of certain communications from eligible officers.
Sec. 506. Furnishing to promotion selection boards of adverse 
          information on officers eligible for promotion to certain 
          senior grades.
Sec. 507. Applicability of officer distribution and strength limitations 
          to officers serving in intelligence community positions.
Sec. 508. Grades of the Judge Advocates General.
Sec. 509. Authority to retain permanent professors at the Naval Academy 
          beyond 30 years of active commissioned service.
Sec. 510. Authority for designation of a general/flag officer position 
          on the Joint Staff to be held by reserve component general or 
          flag officer on active duty.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Separation at age 64 for reserve component senior officers.
Sec. 512. Modification of strength-in-grade limitations applicable to 
          Reserve flag officers in active status.
Sec. 513. Military technicians (dual status) mandatory separation.
Sec. 514. Military retirement credit for certain service by National 
          Guard members performed while in a State duty status 
          immediately after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Sec. 515. Redesignation of the Naval Reserve as the Navy Reserve.
Sec. 516. Clarification of certain authorities relating to the 
          Commission on the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 517. Report on employment matters for members of the reserve 
          components.
Sec. 518. Defense Science Board study on deployment of members of the 
          National Guard and Reserves in the Global War on Terrorism.
Sec. 519. Sense of Congress on certain matters relating to the National 
          Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 520. Pilot program on enhanced quality of life for members of the 
          Army Reserve and their families.

                   Subtitle C--Education and Training

             Part I--Department of Defense Schools Generally

Sec. 521. Authority for National Defense University award of degree of 
          Master of Science in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy.
Sec. 522. Authority for certain professional military education schools 
          to receive faculty research grants for certain purposes.

            Part II--United States Naval Postgraduate School

Sec. 523. Revision to mission of the Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 524. Modification of eligibility for position of President of the 
          Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 525. Increased enrollment for eligible defense industry employees 
          in the defense product development program at Naval 
          Postgraduate School.
Sec. 526. Instruction for enlisted personnel by the Naval Postgraduate 
          School.

               Part III--Reserve Officers' Training Corps

Sec. 531. Repeal of limitation on amount of financial assistance under 
          ROTC scholarship programs.
Sec. 532. Increase in annual limit on number of ROTC scholarships under 
          Army Reserve and National Guard program.
Sec. 533. Procedures for suspending financial assistance and subsistence 
          allowance for Senior ROTC cadets and midshipmen on the basis 
          of health-related conditions.
Sec. 534. Eligibility of United States nationals for appointment to the 
          Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 535. Promotion of foreign language skills among members of the 
          Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 536. Designation of Ike Skelton Early Commissioning Program 
          scholarships.

                         Part IV--Other Matters

Sec. 537. Enhancement of educational loan repayment authorities.
Sec. 538. Payment of expenses of members of the Armed Forces to obtain 
          professional credentials.
Sec. 539. Use of Reserve Montgomery GI Bill benefits and benefits for 
          mobilized members of the Selected Reserve and National Guard 
          for payments for licensing or certification tests.
Sec. 540. Modification of educational assistance for Reserves supporting 
          contingency and other operations.

                Subtitle D--General Service Requirements

Sec. 541. Ground combat and other exclusion policies.
Sec. 542. Uniform citizenship or residency requirements for enlistment 
          in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 543. Increase in maximum age for enlistment.
Sec. 544. Increase in maximum term of original enlistment in regular 
          component.
Sec. 545. National Call to Service program.
Sec. 546. Reports on information provided to potential recruits and to 
          new entrants into the Armed Forces on ``stop loss'' 
          authorities and initial period of military service obligation.

        Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters

Sec. 551. Offense of stalking under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 552. Rape, sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct under 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 553. Extension of statute of limitations for murder, rape, and 
          child abuse offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 554. Reports by officers and senior enlisted members of conviction 
          of criminal law.
Sec. 555. Clarification of authority of military legal assistance 
          counsel to provide military legal assistance without regard to 
          licensing requirements.
Sec. 556. Use of teleconferencing in administrative sessions of courts-
          martial.
Sec. 557. Sense of Congress on applicability of Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice to Reserves on inactive-duty training overseas.

               Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Casualties

Sec. 561. Authority for members on active duty with disabilities to 
          participate in Paralympic Games.
Sec. 562. Policy and procedures on casualty assistance to survivors of 
          military decedents.
Sec. 563. Policy and procedures on assistance to severely wounded or 
          injured service members.
Sec. 564. Designation by members of the Armed Forces of persons 
          authorized to direct the disposition of member remains.

    Subtitle G--Assistance to Local Educational Agencies for Defense 
                          Dependents Education

Sec. 571. Expansion of authorized enrollment in Department of Defense 
          dependents schools overseas.
Sec. 572. Assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of members of the Armed Forces and Department of 
          Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 573. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 574. Continuation of impact aid assistance on behalf of dependents 
          of certain members despite change in status of member.

                   Subtitle H--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 576. Eligibility for Operation Enduring Freedom campaign medal.

                 Subtitle I--Consumer Protection Matters

Sec. 577. Requirement for regulations on policies and procedures on 
          personal commercial solicitations on Department of Defense 
          installations.
Sec. 578. Consumer education for members of the Armed Forces and their 
          spouses on insurance and other financial services.
Sec. 579. Report on predatory lending practices directed at members of 
          the Armed Forces and their dependents.

          Subtitle J--Reports and Sense of Congress Statements

Sec. 581. Report on need for a personnel plan for linguists in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 582. Sense of Congress that colleges and universities give equal 
          access to military recruiters and ROTC in accordance with the 
          Solomon Amendment and requirement for report to Congress.
Sec. 583. Sense of Congress concerning study of options for providing 
          homeland defense education.
Sec. 584. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
          the Armed Forces serving in Operation Iraqi Freedom and 
          Operation Enduring Freedom and honoring their sacrifices and 
          the sacrifices of their families.

                        Subtitle K--Other Matters

Sec. 589. Expansion and enhancement of authority to present recognition 
          items for recruitment and retention purposes.
Sec. 590. Extension of date of submittal of report of Veterans' 
          Disability Benefits Commission.
Sec. 591. Recruitment and enlistment of home-schooled students in the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Modification of requirement for certain intermediaries under 
          certain authorities relating to adoptions.
Sec. 593. Adoption leave for members of the Armed Forces adopting 
          children.
Sec. 594. Addition of information to be covered in mandatory 
          preseparation counseling.
Sec. 595. Report on Transition Assistance Programs.
Sec. 596. Improvement to Department of Defense capacity to respond to 
          sexual assault affecting members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 597. Authority for appointment of Coast Guard flag officer as Chief 
          of Staff to the President.
Sec. 598. Prayer at military service academy activities.
Sec. 599. Modification of authority to make military working dogs 
          available for adoption.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay for fiscal year 2006.
Sec. 602. Additional pay for permanent military professors at United 
          States Naval Academy with over 36 years of service.
Sec. 603. Basic pay rates for reserve component members selected to 
          attend military service academy preparatory schools.
Sec. 604. Clarification of restriction on compensation for 
          correspondence courses.
Sec. 605. Enhanced authority for agency contributions for members of the 
          Armed Forces participating in the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 606. Pilot program on contributions to Thrift Savings Plan for 
          initial enlistees in the Army.
Sec. 607. Prohibition against requiring certain injured members to pay 
          for meals provided by military treatment facilities.
Sec. 608. Permanent authority for supplemental subsistence allowance for 
          low-income members with dependents.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic allowance for housing and extension of 
          temporary lodging expenses authority for areas subject to 
          major disaster declaration or for installations experiencing 
          sudden increase in personnel levels.
Sec. 610. Basic allowance for housing for reserve component members.
Sec. 611. Permanent increase in length of time dependents of certain 
          deceased members may continue to occupy military family 
          housing or receive basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 612. Overseas cost of living allowance.
Sec. 613. Allowance to cover portion of monthly deduction from basic pay 
          for Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance coverage for members 
          serving in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi 
          Freedom.
Sec. 614. Income replacement payments for Reserves experiencing extended 
          and frequent mobilization for active duty service.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 621. Extension or resumption of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 622. Extension of certain bonus and special pay authorities for 
          certain health care professionals.
Sec. 623. Extension of special pay and bonus authorities for nuclear 
          officers.
Sec. 624. Extension of other bonus and special pay authorities.
Sec. 625. Eligibility of oral and maxillofacial surgeons for incentive 
          special pay.
Sec. 626. Eligibility of dental officers for additional special pay.
Sec. 627. Increase in maximum monthly rate authorized for hardship duty 
          pay.
Sec. 628. Flexible payment of assignment incentive pay.
Sec. 629. Active-duty reenlistment bonus.
Sec. 630. Reenlistment bonus for members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 631. Consolidation and modification of bonuses for affiliation or 
          enlistment in the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 632. Expansion and enhancement of special pay for enlisted members 
          of the Selected Reserve assigned to certain high priority 
          units.
Sec. 633. Eligibility requirements for prior service enlistment bonus.
Sec. 634. Increase and enhancement of affiliation bonus for officers of 
          the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 635. Increase in authorized maximum amount of enlistment bonus.
Sec. 636. Discretion of Secretary of Defense to authorize retroactive 
          hostile fire and imminent danger pay.
Sec. 637. Increase in maximum bonus amount for nuclear-qualified 
          officers extending period of active duty.
Sec. 638. Increase in maximum amount of nuclear career annual incentive 
          bonus for nuclear-qualified officers trained while serving as 
          enlisted members.
Sec. 639. Uniform payment of foreign language proficiency pay to 
          eligible reserve component members and regular component 
          members.
Sec. 640. Retention bonus for members qualified in certain critical 
          skills or assigned to high priority units.
Sec. 641. Incentive bonus for transfer between Armed Forces.
Sec. 642. Availability of special pay for members during rehabilitation 
          from wounds, injuries, and illnesses incurred in a combat 
          operation or combat zone.
Sec. 643. Pay and benefits to facilitate voluntary separation of 
          targeted members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 644. Ratification of payment of critical-skills accession bonus for 
          persons enrolled in Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
          obtaining nursing degrees.
Sec. 645. Temporary authority to pay bonus to encourage members of the 
          Army to refer other persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 651. Authorized absences of members for which lodging expenses at 
          temporary duty location may be paid.
Sec. 652. Extended period for selection of home for travel and 
          transportation allowances for dependents of deceased members.
Sec. 653. Transportation of family members in connection with the 
          repatriation of members held captive.
Sec. 654. Increased weight allowances for shipment of household goods of 
          senior noncommissioned officers.
Sec. 655. Permanent authority to provide travel and transportation 
          allowances for family members to visit hospitalized members of 
          the Armed Forces injured in combat operation or combat zone.

              Subtitle D--Retired Pay and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 661. Monthly disbursement to States of State income tax withheld 
          from retired or retainer pay.
Sec. 662. Denial of certain burial-related benefits for individuals who 
          committed a capital offense.
Sec. 663. Concurrent receipt of veterans disability compensation and 
          military retired pay.
Sec. 664. Additional amounts of death gratuity for survivors of certain 
          members of the Armed Forces dying on active duty.
Sec. 665. Child support for certain minor children of retirement-
          eligible members convicted of domestic violence resulting in 
          death of child's other parent.
Sec. 666. Comptroller General report on actuarial soundness of the 
          Survivor Benefit Plan.

Subtitle E--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits

Sec. 671. Increase in authorized level of supplies and services 
          procurement from overseas exchange stores.
Sec. 672. Requirements for private operation of commissary store 
          functions.
Sec. 673. Provision of and payment for overseas transportation services 
          for commissary and exchange supplies and products.
Sec. 674. Compensatory time off for certain nonappropriated fund 
          employees.
Sec. 675. Rest and recuperation leave programs.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 681. Temporary Army authority to provide additional recruitment 
          incentives.
Sec. 682. Clarification of leave accrual for members assigned to a 
          deployable ship or mobile unit or other duty.
Sec. 683. Expansion of authority to remit or cancel indebtedness of 
          members of the Armed Forces incurred on active duty.
Sec. 684. Loan repayment program for chaplains in the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 685. Inclusion of Senior Enlisted Advisor for the Chairman of the 
          Joint Chiefs of Staff among senior enlisted members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 686. Special and incentive pays considered for saved pay upon 
          appointment of members as officers.
Sec. 687. Repayment of unearned portion of bonuses, special pays, and 
          educational benefits.
Sec. 688. Rights of members of the Armed Forces and their dependents 
          under Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968.
Sec. 689. Extension of eligibility for SSI for certain individuals in 
          families that include members of the Reserve and National 
          Guard.
Sec. 690. Information for members of the Armed Forces and their 
          dependents on rights and protections of the Servicemembers 
          Civil Relief Act.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Improvements to Health Benefits for Reserves

Sec. 701. Enhancement of TRICARE Reserve Select program.
Sec. 702. Expanded eligibility of members of the Selected Reserve under 
          the TRICARE program.

                Subtitle B--TRICARE Program Improvements

Sec. 711. Additional information required by surveys on TRICARE 
          Standard.
Sec. 712. Availability of chiropractic health care services.
Sec. 713. Surviving-dependent eligibility under TRICARE dental plan for 
          surviving spouses who were on active duty at time of death of 
          military spouse.
Sec. 714. Exceptional eligibility for TRICARE Prime Remote.
Sec. 715. Increased period of continued TRICARE Prime coverage of 
          children of members of the uniformed services who die while 
          serving on active duty for a period of more than 30 days.
Sec. 716. TRICARE Standard in TRICARE Regional Offices.
Sec. 717. Qualifications for individuals serving as TRICARE Regional 
          Directors.

              Subtitle C--Mental Health-Related Provisions

Sec. 721. Program for mental health awareness for dependents and pilot 
          project on post traumatic stress disorder.
Sec. 722. Pilot projects on early diagnosis and treatment of post 
          traumatic stress disorder and other mental health conditions.
Sec. 723. Department of Defense task force on mental health.

                     Subtitle D--Studies and Reports

Sec. 731. Study relating to predeployment and postdeployment medical 
          exams of certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 732. Requirements for physical examinations and medical and dental 
          readiness for members of the Selected Reserve not on active 
          duty.
Sec. 733. Report on delivery of health care benefits through the 
          military health care system.
Sec. 734. Comptroller General studies and report on differential 
          payments to children's hospitals for health care for children 
          dependents and maximum allowable charge for obstetrical care 
          services under TRICARE.
Sec. 735. Report on the Department of Defense AHLTA global electronic 
          health record system.
Sec. 736. Comptroller General study and report on Vaccine Healthcare 
          Centers.
Sec. 737. Report on adverse health events associated with use of anti-
          malarial drugs.
Sec. 738. Report on Reserve dental insurance program.
Sec. 739. Demonstration project study on Medicare Advantage regional 
          preferred provider organization option for TRICARE-medicare 
          dual-eligible beneficiaries.
Sec. 740. Pilot projects on pediatric early literacy among children of 
          members of the Armed Forces.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 741. Authority to relocate patient safety center; renaming MedTeams 
          Program.
Sec. 742. Modification of health care quality information and technology 
          enhancement reporting requirement.
Sec. 743. Correction to eligibility of certain Reserve officers for 
          military health care pending active duty following 
          commissioning.
Sec. 744. Prohibition on conversions of military medical and dental 
          positions to civilian medical positions until submission of 
          certification.
Sec. 745. Clarification of inclusion of dental care in medical readiness 
          tracking and health surveillance program.
Sec. 746. Cooperative outreach to members and former members of the 
          naval service exposed to environmental factors related to 
          sarcoidosis.
Sec. 747. Repeal of requirement for Comptroller General reviews of 
          certain Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
          projects on sharing of health care resources.
Sec. 748. Pandemic avian flu preparedness.
Sec. 749. Follow up assistance for members of the Armed Forces after 
          preseparation physical examinations.
Sec. 750. Policy on role of military medical and behavioral science 
          personnel in interrogation of detainees.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

  Subtitle A--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 801. Requirement for certification before major defense acquisition 
          program may proceed to Milestone B.
Sec. 802. Requirements applicable to major defense acquisition programs 
          exceeding baseline costs.
Sec. 803. Requirement for determination by Secretary of Defense and 
          notification to Congress before procurement of major weapon 
          systems as commercial items.
Sec. 804. Reports on significant increases in program acquisition unit 
          costs or procurement unit costs of major defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 805. Report on use of lead system integrators in the acquisition of 
          major systems.
Sec. 806. Congressional notification of cancellation of major automated 
          information systems.

              Subtitle B--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 811. Internal controls for procurements on behalf of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 812. Management structure for the procurement of contract services.
Sec. 813. Report on service surcharges for purchases made for military 
          departments through other Department of Defense agencies.
Sec. 814. Review of defense acquisition structures and capabilities.
Sec. 815. Modification of requirements applicable to contracts 
          authorized by law for certain military materiel.
Sec. 816. Guidance on use of tiered evaluations of offers for contracts 
          and task orders under contracts.
Sec. 817. Joint policy on contingency contracting.
Sec. 818. Acquisition strategy for commercial satellite communication 
          services.
Sec. 819. Authorization of evaluation factor for defense contractors 
          employing or subcontracting with members of the Selected 
          Reserve of the reserve components of the Armed Forces.

 Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 821. Participation by Department of Defense in acquisition 
          workforce training fund.
Sec. 822. Increase in cost accounting standard threshold.
Sec. 823. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
          projects.
Sec. 824. Increased limit applicable to assistance provided under 
          certain procurement technical assistance programs.

      Subtitle D--United States Defense Industrial Base Provisions

Sec. 831. Clarification of exception from Buy American requirements for 
          procurement of perishable food for establishments outside the 
          United States.
Sec. 832. Training for defense acquisition workforce on the requirements 
          of the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 833. Amendments to domestic source requirements relating to 
          clothing materials and components covered.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 841. Review and report on Department of Defense efforts to identify 
          contract fraud, waste, and abuse.
Sec. 842. Extension of contract goal for small disadvantaged businesses 
          and certain institutions of higher education.
Sec. 843. Extension of deadline for report of advisory panel on laws and 
          regulations on acquisition practices.
Sec. 844. Exclusion of certain security expenses from consideration for 
          purpose of small business size standards.
Sec. 845. Disaster relief for small business concerns damaged by 
          drought.
Sec. 846. Extension of limited acquisition authority for the commander 
          of the United States Joint Forces Command.
Sec. 847. Civilian Board of Contract Appeals.
Sec. 848. Statement of policy and report relating to contracting with 
          employers of persons with disabilities.
Sec. 849. Study on Department of Defense contracting with small business 
          concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

      Subtitle A--General Department of Defense Management Matters

Sec. 901. Parity in pay levels among Under Secretary positions.
Sec. 902. Expansion of eligibility for leadership of Department of 
          Defense Test Resource Management Center.
Sec. 903. Standardization of authority for acceptance of gifts and 
          donations for Department of Defense regional centers for 
          security studies.
Sec. 904. Directors of Small Business Programs in Department of Defense 
          and military departments.
Sec. 905. Plan to defend the homeland against cruise missiles and other 
          low-altitude aircraft.
Sec. 906. Provision of audiovisual support services by White House 
          Communications Agency on nonreimbursable basis.
Sec. 907. Report on establishment of a Deputy Secretary of Defense for 
          Management.
Sec. 908. Responsibility of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as military 
          advisers to the Homeland Security Council.
Sec. 909. Improvement in health care services for residents of Armed 
          Forces Retirement Home.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

Sec. 911. Space Situational Awareness Strategy and space control mission 
          review.
Sec. 912. Military satellite communications.
Sec. 913. Operationally responsive space.
Sec. 914. Report on use of Space Radar for topographical mapping for 
          scientific and civil purposes.
Sec. 915. Sense of Congress regarding national security aspect of United 
          States preeminence in human spaceflight.

              Subtitle C--Chemical Demilitarization Program

Sec. 921. Clarification of Cooperative Agreement Authority under 
          Chemical Demilitarization Program.
Sec. 922. Chemical demilitarization facilities.

                Subtitle D--Intelligence-Related Matters

Sec. 931. Department of Defense Strategy for Open-Source Intelligence.
Sec. 932. Comprehensive inventory of Department of Defense Intelligence 
          and Intelligence-related programs and projects.
Sec. 933. Operational files of the Defense Intelligence Agency.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. Transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations for 
          fiscal years 2005 and 2006.
Sec. 1003. Increase in fiscal year 2005 general transfer authority.
Sec. 1004. Reports on feasibility and desirability of capital budgeting 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1005. United States contribution to NATO common-funded budgets in 
          fiscal year 2006.

                 Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Conveyance, Navy drydock, Seattle, Washington.
Sec. 1012. Conveyance, Navy drydock, Jacksonville, Florida.
Sec. 1013. Conveyance, Navy drydock, Port Arthur, Texas.
Sec. 1014. Transfer of battleships U.S.S. WISCONSIN and U.S.S. IOWA.
Sec. 1015. Transfer of ex-U.S.S. Forrest Sherman.
Sec. 1016. Report on leasing of vessels to meet national defense sealift 
          requirements.
Sec. 1017. Establishment of the USS Oklahoma Memorial and other 
          memorials at Pearl Harbor.
Sec. 1018. Authority to use National Defense Sealift Fund to purchase 
          certain maritime prepositioning ships currently under charter 
          to the Navy.

                   Subtitle C--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1021. Resumption of reporting requirement regarding Department of 
          Defense expenditures to support foreign counter-drug 
          activities.
Sec. 1022. Clarification of authority for joint task forces to support 
          law enforcement agencies conducting counter-terrorism 
          activities.
Sec. 1023. Sense of Congress regarding drug trafficking deterrence.

            Subtitle D--Matters Related to Homeland Security

Sec. 1031. Responsibilities of Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
          Homeland Defense relating to nuclear, chemical, and biological 
          emergency response.
Sec. 1032. Testing of preparedness for emergencies involving nuclear, 
          radiological, chemical, biological, and high-yield explosives 
          weapons.
Sec. 1033. Department of Defense chemical, biological, radiological, 
          nuclear, and high-yield explosives response teams.
Sec. 1034. Repeal of Department of Defense emergency response assistance 
          program.
Sec. 1035. Report on use of Department of Defense aerial reconnaissance 
          assets to support Homeland Security border security missions.

                     Subtitle E--Reports and Studies

Sec. 1041. Review of Defense Base Act insurance.
Sec. 1042. Report on Department of Defense response to findings and 
          recommendations of Defense Science Board Task Force on High 
          Performance Microchip Supply.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1051. Commission on the Implementation of the New Strategic Posture 
          of the United States.
Sec. 1052. Reestablishment of EMP Commission.
Sec. 1053. Modernization of authority relating to security of defense 
          property and facilities.
Sec. 1054. Revision of Department of Defense counterintelligence 
          polygraph program.
Sec. 1055. Preservation of records pertaining to radioactive fallout 
          from nuclear weapons testing.
Sec. 1056. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1057. Deletion of obsolete definitions in titles 10 and 32, United 
          States Code.
Sec. 1058. Support for youth organizations.
Sec. 1059. Special immigrant status for persons serving as translators 
          with United States Armed Forces.
Sec. 1060. Expansion of emergency services under reciprocal agreements.
Sec. 1061. Renewal of moratorium on return of veterans memorial objects 
          to foreign nations without specific authorization in law.
Sec. 1062. Sense of Congress on national security interest of 
          maintaining aeronautics research and development.
Sec. 1063. Airport certification.

                    Subtitle G--Military Mail Matters

Sec. 1071. Safe delivery of mail in military mail system.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Extensions of Authorities

Sec. 1101. Extension of eligibility to continue Federal employee health 
          benefits.
Sec. 1102. Extension of Department of Defense voluntary reduction in 
          force authority.
Sec. 1103. Extension of authority to make lump sum severance payments.
Sec. 1104. Permanent extension of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 1105. Authority to waive annual limitation on total compensation 
          paid to Federal civilian employees.

                 Subtitle B--Veterans Preference Matters

Sec. 1111. Veterans' preference status for certain veterans who served 
          on active duty during the period beginning on September 11, 
          2001, and ending as of the close of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Sec. 1112. Veterans' preference eligibility for military reservists.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1121. Transportation of family members in connection with the 
          repatriation of Federal employees held captive.
Sec. 1122. Strategic human capital plan for civilian employees of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1123. Independent study on features of successful personnel 
          management systems of highly technical and scientific 
          workforces.
Sec. 1124. Support by Department of Defense of pilot project for 
          Civilian Linguist Reserve Corps.
Sec. 1125. Increase in authorized number of positions in Defense 
          Intelligence Senior Executive Service.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Extension of humanitarian and civic assistance provided to 
          host nations in conjunction with military operations.
Sec. 1202. Commanders' Emergency Response Program.
Sec. 1203. Modification of geographic restriction under bilateral and 
          regional cooperation programs for payment of certain expenses 
          of defense personnel of developing countries.
Sec. 1204. Authority for Department of Defense to enter into acquisition 
          and cross-servicing agreements with regional organizations of 
          which the United States is not a member.
Sec. 1205. Two-year extension of authority for payment of certain 
          administrative services and support for coalition liaison 
          officers.
Sec. 1206. Authority to build the capacity of foreign military forces.
Sec. 1207. Security and stabilization assistance.
Sec. 1208. Reimbursement of certain coalition nations for support 
          provided to United States military operations.
Sec. 1209. Authority to transfer defense articles and provide defense 
          services to the military and security forces of Iraq and 
          Afghanistan.

      Subtitle B--Nonproliferation Matters and Countries of Concern

Sec. 1211. Prohibition on procurements from Communist Chinese military 
          companies.
Sec. 1212. Report on nonstrategic nuclear weapons.

          Subtitle C--Reports and Sense of Congress Provisions

Sec. 1221. War-related reporting requirements.
Sec. 1222. Quarterly reports on war strategy in Iraq.
Sec. 1223. Report on records of civilian casualties in Afghanistan and 
          Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Annual report on Department of Defense costs to carry out 
          United Nations resolutions.
Sec. 1225. Report on claims related to the bombing of the LaBelle 
          Discotheque.
Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress concerning cooperation with Russia on 
          issues pertaining to missile defense.
Sec. 1227. United States policy on Iraq.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1231. Purchase of weapons overseas for force protection purposes in 
          countries in which combat operations are ongoing.
Sec. 1232. Riot control agents.
Sec. 1233. Requirement for establishment of certain criteria applicable 
          to Global Posture Review.
Sec. 1234. The United States-China Economic Security Review Commission.

   TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION WITH STATES OF THE FORMER 
                              SOVIET UNION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction programs and 
          funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1303. Permanent waiver of restrictions on use of funds for threat 
          reduction in states of the former Soviet Union.
Sec. 1304. Report on elimination of impediments to threat-reduction and 
          nonproliferation programs in the former Soviet Union.
Sec. 1305. Repeal of requirement for annual Comptroller General 
          assessment of annual Department of Defense report on 
          activities and assistance under Cooperative Threat Reduction 
          programs.

                TITLE XIV--MATTERS RELATING TO DETAINEES

Sec. 1401. Short title.
Sec. 1402. Uniform standards for the interrogation of persons under the 
          detention of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1403. Prohibition on cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or 
          punishment of persons under custody or control of the United 
          States Government.
Sec. 1404. Protection of United States Government personnel engaged in 
          authorized interrogations.
Sec. 1405. Procedures for status review of detainees outside the United 
          States.
Sec. 1406. Training of Iraqi security forces regarding treatment of 
          detainees.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION FOR INCREASED COSTS DUE TO OPERATION IRAQI 
                 FREEDOM AND OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Army procurement.
Sec. 1503. Navy and Marine Corps procurement.
Sec. 1504. Air Force procurement.
Sec. 1505. Defense-wide activities procurement.
Sec. 1506. Research, development, test and evaluation.
Sec. 1507. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1508. Defense Working Capital Fund.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1510. Military personnel.
Sec. 1511. Iraq Freedom Fund.
Sec. 1512. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1513. Transfer authority.
Sec. 1514. Availability of funds.

            Division  B--Military Construction Authorizations

Sec. 2001. Short title.

                             TITLE XXI--ARMY

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2004 project.

                            TITLE XXII--NAVY

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2004 projects.
Sec. 2206. Modifications of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2005 projects.

                         TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.

                      TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                 PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Guard and Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.

         TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2701. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2702. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2003 
          projects.
Sec. 2703. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2002 
          projects.

                    TITLE XXVIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                 Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification of congressional notification requirements for 
          certain military construction activities.
Sec. 2802. Increase in number of family housing units in Korea 
          authorized for lease by the Army at maximum amount.
Sec. 2803. Improvement in availability and timeliness of Department of 
          Defense information regarding military construction and family 
          housing accounts and activities.
Sec. 2804. Modification of cost variation authority.
Sec. 2805. Inapplicability to child development centers of restriction 
          on authority to acquire or construct ancillary supporting 
          facilities.
Sec. 2806. Department of Defense Housing Funds.
Sec. 2807. Use of design-build selection procedures to accelerate design 
          effort in connection with military construction projects.
Sec. 2808. Acquisition of associated utilities, equipment, and 
          furnishings in reserve component facility exchange.
Sec. 2809. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
          operation and maintenance funds for construction projects 
          outside the United States.
Sec. 2810. Temporary program to use minor military construction 
          authority for construction of child development centers.
Sec. 2811. General and flag officers quarters in the National Capital 
          Region.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Consolidation of Department of Defense land acquisition 
          authorities and limitations on use of such authorities.
Sec. 2822. Modification of authorities on agreements to limit 
          encroachments and other constraints on military training, 
          testing, and operations.
Sec. 2823. Modification of utility system conveyance authority and 
          related reporting requirements.
Sec. 2824. Report on application of force protection and anti-terrorism 
          standards to leased facilities.
Sec. 2825. Report on use of ground source heat pumps at Department of 
          Defense facilities.

                Subtitle C--Base Closure and Realignment

Sec. 2831. Additional reporting requirements regarding base closure 
          process and use of Department of Defense base closure 
          accounts.
Sec. 2832. Expanded availability of adjustment and diversification 
          assistance for communities adversely affected by mission 
          realignments in base closure process.
Sec. 2833. Treatment of Indian Tribal Governments as public entities for 
          purposes of disposal of real property recommended for closure 
          in July 1993 BRAC Commission report.
Sec. 2834. Termination of project authorizations for military 
          installations approved for closure in 2005 round of base 
          realignments and closures.
Sec. 2835. Required consultation with State and local entities on issues 
          related to increase in number of military personnel at 
          military installations.
Sec. 2836. Sense of Congress regarding infrastructure and installation 
          requirements for transfer of units and personnel from closed 
          and realigned military installations to receiving locations.
Sec. 2837. Defense access road program and military installations 
          affected by defense base closure process or Integrated Global 
          Presence and Basing Strategy.
Sec. 2838. Sense of Congress on reversionary interests involving real 
          property at Navy homeports.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

                        Part I--Army Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
Sec. 2842. Land conveyance, Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Middletown, 
          Iowa.
Sec. 2843. Land conveyance, Helena, Montana.
Sec. 2844. Lease authority, Army Heritage and Education Center, 
          Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Fort Hood, Texas.
Sec. 2846. Modification of land conveyance, Engineer Proving Ground, 
          Fort Belvoir, Virginia.
Sec. 2847. Land conveyance, Fort Belvoir, Virginia.
Sec. 2848. Land conveyance, Army Reserve Center, Bothell, Washington.

                        Part II--Navy Conveyances

Sec. 2851. Land conveyance, Marine Corps Air Station, Miramar, San 
          Diego, California.
Sec. 2852. Lease or license of United States Navy Museum facilities at 
          Washington Navy Yard, District of Columbia.

                     Part III--Air Force Conveyances

Sec. 2861. Purchase of build-to-lease family housing, Eielson Air Force 
          Base, Alaska.
Sec. 2862. Land conveyance, Air Force property, Jacksonville, Arkansas.
Sec. 2863. Land conveyance, Air Force property, La Junta, Colorado.
Sec. 2864. Lease, National Imagery and Mapping Agency site, St. Louis, 
          Missouri.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 2871. Clarification of moratorium on certain improvements at Fort 
          Buchanan, Puerto Rico.
Sec. 2872. Transfer of excess Department of Defense property on Santa 
          Rosa and Okaloosa Island, Florida, to Gulf Islands National 
          Seashore.
Sec. 2873. Authorized military uses of Papago Park Military Reservation, 
          Phoenix, Arizona.
Sec. 2874. Assessment of water needs for Presidio of Monterey and Ord 
          Military Community.
Sec. 2875. Redesignation of McEntire Air National Guard Station, South 
          Carolina, as McEntire Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2876. Sense of Congress regarding community impact assistance 
          related to construction of Navy landing field, North Carolina.
Sec. 2877. Sense of Congress on establishment of Bakers Creek Memorial.

 Division  C--Department of Energy National Security Authorizations and 
                          Other Authorizations

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

          Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Defense nuclear waste disposal.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 3111. Reliable Replacement Warhead program.
Sec. 3112. Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site.
Sec. 3113. Report on compliance with Design Basis Threat issued by 
          Department of Energy in 2005.
Sec. 3114. Reports associated with Waste Treatment and Immobilization 
          Plant Project, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington.
Sec. 3115. Report on assistance for a comprehensive inventory of Russian 
          nonstrategic nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3116. Report on international border security programs.
Sec. 3117. Savannah River National Laboratory.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                TITLE XXXIII--NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE

Sec. 3301. Authorized uses of National Defense Stockpile funds.
Sec. 3302. Revisions to required receipt objectives for previously 
          authorized disposals from National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 3303. Authorization for disposal of tungsten ores and concentrates.
Sec. 3304. Disposal of ferromanganese.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                   TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of appropriations for fiscal year 2006.
Sec. 3502. Payments for State and regional maritime academies.
Sec. 3503. Maintenance and repair reimbursement pilot program.
Sec. 3504. Tank vessel construction assistance.
Sec. 3505. Improvements to the Maritime Administration vessel disposal 
          program.
Sec. 3506. Assistance for small shipyards and maritime communities.
Sec. 3507. Transfer of authority for title XI non-fishing loan guarantee 
          decisions to Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3508. Technical corrections.
Sec. 3509. United States Maritime Service.
Sec. 3510. Awards and medals.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    For purposes of this Act, the term ``congressional defense 
committees'' has the meaning given that term in section 
101(a)(16) of title 10, United States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Army.
Sec. 102. Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 103. Air Force.
Sec. 104. Defense-wide activities.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for utility helicopters.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for modernized target 
          acquisition designation sight/pilot night vision sensors for 
          AH-64 Apache attack helicopters.
Sec. 113. Multiyear procurement authority for conversion of AH-64A 
          Apache attack helicopters to the AH-64D Block II 
          configuration.
Sec. 114. Acquisition strategy for tactical wheeled vehicle programs.
Sec. 115. Report on Army Modular Force Initiative.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Virginia-class submarine program.
Sec. 122. LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) amphibious assault ship program.
Sec. 123. Cost limitation for next-generation destroyer program.
Sec. 124. Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on acquisition of next-generation destroyer 
          through a single shipyard.
Sec. 126. Aircraft carrier force structure.
Sec. 127. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. Carl Vinson.
Sec. 128. CVN-78 aircraft carrier.
Sec. 129. LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) ship.
Sec. 130. Report on alternative propulsion methods for surface 
          combatants and amphibious warfare ships.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. C-17 aircraft program and assessment of intertheater airlift 
          requirements.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on retirement of KC-135E aircraft.
Sec. 133. Prohibition on retirement of F-117 aircraft during fiscal year 
          2006.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on retirement of C-130E/H tactical airlift 
          aircraft during fiscal year 2006.
Sec. 135. Procurement of C-130J/KC-130J aircraft after fiscal year 2005.
Sec. 136. Report on Air Force aircraft aeromedical evacuation programs.

               Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Requirement that tactical unmanned aerial vehicles use 
          specified standard data link.
Sec. 142. Limitation on initiation of new unmanned aerial vehicle 
          systems.
Sec. 143. Advanced SEAL Delivery System.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. ARMY.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 for procurement for the Army as follows:
            (1) For aircraft, $2,792,580,000.
            (2) For missiles, $1,246,850,000.
            (3) For weapons and tracked combat vehicles, 
        $1,652,949,000.
            (4) For ammunition, $1,738,872,000.
            (5) For other procurement, $4,328,934,000.

SEC. 102. NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Navy.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 2006 for procurement for the Navy as follows:
            (1) For aircraft, $9,803,126,000.
            (2) For weapons, including missiles and torpedoes, 
        $2,737,841,000.
            (3) For shipbuilding and conversion, 
        $8,880,623,000.
            (4) For other procurement, $5,518,287,000.
    (b) Marine Corps.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2006 for procurement for the 
Marine Corps in the amount of $1,396,705,000.
    (c) Navy and Marine Corps Ammunition.--Funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2006 for 
procurement of ammunition for the Navy and the Marine Corps in 
the amount of $867,470,000.

SEC. 103. AIR FORCE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 for procurement for the Air Force as follows:
            (1) For aircraft, $12,862,333,000.
            (2) For ammunition, $1,021,207,000.
            (3) For missiles, $5,394,557,000.
            (4) For other procurement, $14,024,689,000.

SEC. 104. DEFENSE-WIDE ACTIVITIES.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 for Defense-wide procurement in the amount of 
$2,646,988,000.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR UTILITY HELICOPTERS.

    (a) UH-60M Black Hawk Helicopters.--Subject to subsection 
(c), the Secretary of the Army may enter into a multiyear 
contract for the procurement of UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters.
    (b) MH-60S Seahawk Helicopters.--Subject to subsection (c), 
the Secretary of the Army, acting as executive agent for the 
Department of the Navy, may enter into a multiyear contract for 
the procurement of MH-60S Seahawk helicopters.
    (c) Contract Requirements.--Any multiyear contract under 
this section shall be entered into in accordance with section 
2306b of title 10, United States Code, and shall commence with 
the fiscal year 2007 program year.

SEC. 112. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR MODERNIZED TARGET 
                    ACQUISITION DESIGNATION SIGHT/PILOT NIGHT VISION 
                    SENSORS FOR AH-64 APACHE ATTACK HELICOPTERS.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Army may, in 
accordance with section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, 
enter into a multiyear contract, beginning with the fiscal year 
2006 program year, for procurement of modernized target 
acquisition designation sight/pilot night vision sensors for 
AH-64 Apache attack helicopters.
    (b) Limitation on Term of Contract.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (k) of section 2306b of title 10, United States 
Code, a contract under this section may not be for a period in 
excess of four program years.

SEC. 113. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR CONVERSION OF AH-64A 
                    APACHE ATTACK HELICOPTERS TO THE AH-64D BLOCK II 
                    CONFIGURATION.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Army may, in 
accordance with section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, 
enter into a multiyear contract, beginning with the fiscal year 
2006 program year, for conversion of AH-64A Apache attack 
helicopters to the AH-64D Block II configuration.
    (b) Limitation on Term of Contract.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (k) of section 2306b of title 10, United States 
Code, a contract under this section may not be for a period in 
excess of four program years.

SEC. 114. ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR TACTICAL WHEELED VEHICLE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Army.--If, in carrying out a program for modernization 
and recapitalization of the fleet of tactical wheeled vehicles 
of the Army, the Secretary of the Army determines to award a 
contract for procurement of a new vehicle class for the next-
generation tactical wheeled vehicle, the Secretary shall award 
and execute the acquisition program under that contract as a 
joint service program with the Marine Corps.
    (b) Marine Corps.--If, in carrying out a program for 
modernization and recapitalization of the fleet of tactical 
wheeled vehicles of the Marine Corps, the Secretary of the Navy 
determines to award a contract for procurement of a new vehicle 
class for the next-generation tactical wheeled vehicle, the 
Secretary shall award and execute the acquisition program under 
that contract as a joint service program with the Army.
    (c) Applicability Only to New Vehicle Class.--Subsections 
(a) and (b) do not apply to a contract for modifications, 
upgrades, or product improvements to the existing fleet of 
tactical wheeled vehicles of the Army or Marine Corps, 
respectively.

SEC. 115. REPORT ON ARMY MODULAR FORCE INITIATIVE.

    (a) Report.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the complex of 
programs referred to as the Army Modular Force Initiative. The 
report shall be submitted not later than 30 days after the date 
of the submission to Congress of a request by the President for 
the enactment of emergency supplemental appropriations for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2006.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The report under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A specification of each acquisition program of 
        the Army that is considered by the Secretary of the 
        Army to be part of the complex of programs constituting 
        the Army Modular Force Initiative.
            (2) For each program specified under paragraph (1), 
        the acquisition objective of the program, the funding 
        profile of the program, and the requirement for the 
        program.
            (3) The requirements of each such program that, 
        under current funding plans of the Department of 
        Defense for fiscal years after fiscal year 2006, would 
        not be funded.
            (4) A detailed accounting of the amounts for the 
        Army Modular Force Initiative in the request for 
        supplemental appropriations referred to in subsection 
        (a).

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. VIRGINIA-CLASS SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation of Costs.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b), the total amount obligated or expended for procurement of 
the five Virginia-class submarines designated as SSN-779, SSN-
780, SSN-781, SSN-782, and SSN-783 may not exceed the following 
amounts:
            (1) For the SSN-779 submarine, $2,330,000,000.
            (2) For the SSN-780 submarine, $2,470,000,000.
            (3) For the SSN-781 submarine, $2,550,000,000.
            (4) For the SSN-782 submarine, $2,670,000,000.
            (5) For the SSN-783 submarine, $2,720,000,000.
    (b) Adjustment of Limitation Amounts.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for any 
Virginia-class submarine specified in that subsection by the 
following:
            (1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 
        2005.
            (2) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, 
        State, or local laws enacted after September 30, 2005.
            (3) The amounts of outfitting costs and post-
        delivery costs incurred for that submarine.
            (4) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        of that submarine that are attributable to insertion of 
        new technology into that submarine, as compared to the 
        technology built into the lead vessel of the Virginia 
        class.
    (c) Limitation on Technology Insertion Cost Adjustment.--
The Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under paragraph 
(4) of subsection (b) to adjust the amount set forth in 
subsection (a) for any Virginia-class submarine with respect to 
insertion of new technology into that submarine only if--
            (1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the 
        new technology would lower the life-cycle cost of the 
        submarine; or
            (2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the 
        new technology is required to meet an emerging threat 
        and the Secretary of Defense certifies to those 
        committees that such threat poses grave harm to 
        national security.
    (d) Notice to Congress of Program Changes.--The Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees each year, at the same time that the budget is 
submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
Code, for the next fiscal year, written notice of any change in 
any of the amounts set forth in subsection (a) during the 
preceding fiscal year that the Secretary has determined to be 
associated with a cost referred to in subsection (b).

SEC. 122. LHA REPLACEMENT (LHA(R)) AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation on Procurement Funds.--Of the funds 
available to the Department of the Navy for Shipbuilding and 
Conversion, Navy, for fiscal year 2006 for procurement for the 
LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) amphibious assault ship program, not 
more than 70 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional defense 
committees the Secretary's certification in writing that--
            (1) a detailed operational requirements document 
        for the program has been approved within the Department 
        of Defense by an appropriate approval authority; and
            (2) there exists a stable design for the LHA(R) 
        class of vessels.
    (b) Stable Design.--For purposes of this section, the 
design of a class of vessels shall be considered to be stable 
when no substantial change to the design is anticipated.

SEC. 123. COST LIMITATION FOR NEXT-GENERATION DESTROYER PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation of Costs.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b), the total amount obligated or expended for procurement of 
the fifth vessel in the next-generation destroyer program may 
not exceed $2,300,000,000.
    (b) Adjustment of Limitation Amount.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for the 
vessel referred to in that subsection by the following:
            (1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 
        2005.
            (2) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, 
        State, or local laws enacted after September 30, 2005.
            (3) The amounts of outfitting costs and post-
        delivery costs incurred for that vessel.
            (4) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        of that vessel that are attributable to insertion of 
        new technology into that vessel, as compared to the 
        technology built into the lead vessel of the next-
        generation destroyer program class.
    (c) Limitation on Technology Insertion Cost Adjustment.--
The Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under paragraph 
(4) of subsection (b) to adjust the amount set forth in 
subsection (a) for the vessel referred to in that subsection 
with respect to insertion of new technology into that vessel 
only if--
            (1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the 
        new technology would lower the life-cycle cost of the 
        vessel; or
            (2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the 
        new technology is required to meet an emerging threat 
        and the Secretary of Defense certifies to those 
        committees that such threat poses grave harm to 
        national security.
    (d) Written Notice of Change in Amount.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees each 
        year, at the same time that the budget is submitted 
        under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
        for the next fiscal year, written notice of any change 
        in the amount set forth in subsection (a) during the 
        preceding fiscal year that the Secretary has determined 
        to be associated with a cost referred to in subsection 
        (b).
            (2) Effective date.--The requirement in paragraph 
        (1) shall become effective with the budget request for 
        the year of procurement of the vessel referred to in 
        subsection (a), such year being the fiscal year in 
        which the Secretary of the Navy intends to award a 
        contract for detail design and construction.
    (e) Next-Generation Destroyer Program.--In this section, 
the term ``next-generation destroyer program'' means the 
program to acquire and deploy a new class of destroyers as the 
follow-on to the Arleigh Burke class of destroyers.

SEC. 124. LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP (LCS) PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation of Costs.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b), the total amount obligated or expended for procurement of 
the fifth and sixth vessels in the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) 
class of vessels, excluding amounts for elements designated by 
the Secretary of the Navy as a mission package, may not exceed 
$220,000,000 per vessel.
    (b) Adjustment of Limitation Amount.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for 
either vessel referred to in that subsection by the following:
            (1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 
        2005.
            (2) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, 
        State, or local laws enacted after September 30, 2005.
            (3) The amounts of outfitting costs and post-
        delivery costs incurred for that vessel.
            (4) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        of that vessel that are attributable to insertion of 
        new technology into that vessel, as compared to the 
        technology built into the first and second vessels, 
        respectively, of the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class 
        of vessels.
    (c) Limitation on Technology Insertion Cost Adjustment.--
The Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under paragraph 
(4) of subsection (b) to adjust the amount set forth in 
subsection (a) for any vessel referred to in that subsection 
with respect to insertion of new technology into that vessel 
only if--
            (1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the 
        new technology would lower the life-cycle cost of the 
        vessel; or
            (2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the 
        new technology is required to meet an emerging threat 
        and the Secretary of Defense certifies to those 
        committees that such threat poses grave harm to 
        national security.
    (d) Annual Report on Cost Growth.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees each 
        year, at the same time that the budget is submitted 
        under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
        for the next fiscal year, written notice of any change 
        in the amount set forth in subsection (a) during the 
        preceding fiscal year that the Secretary has determined 
        to be associated with a cost referred to in subsection 
        (b).
            (2) Effective date.--The requirement in paragraph 
        (1) shall become effective with the budget request for 
        the year of procurement of the fifth and sixth vessels 
        in the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class of vessels, 
        such year being the fiscal year in which the Secretary 
        of the Navy intends to award a contract for detail 
        design and construction of those vessels.
    (e) Annual Report on Mission Packages.--The Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
each year, at the same time as the President's budget for the 
next fiscal year is submitted under section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code, a report that provides current 
information regarding the content of any element of the 
Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class of vessels that is designated 
as a ``mission package'', the estimated cost of any such 
element, and the total number of such elements anticipated.
    (f) Limitation on Ships and Mission Modules.--No funds 
available to the Navy may be used for the procurement of 
Littoral Combat Ships, or elements for such Littoral Combat 
Ships referred to in subsection (e), after procurement of the 
first four vessels in the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class 
until the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees the Secretary's certification in writing 
that there exist stable designs for the Littoral Combat Ship 
class of vessels.
    (g) Stable Design.--For purposes of this section, the 
designs of a class of vessels shall be considered to be stable 
when no substantial change to those designs is anticipated.

SEC. 125. PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF NEXT-GENERATION DESTROYER 
                    THROUGH A SINGLE SHIPYARD.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of the Navy may not acquire 
vessels under the next-generation destroyer program through a 
winner-take-all acquisition strategy.
    (b) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may not obligate or expend any funds to prepare for, conduct, 
or implement a strategy for the acquisition of vessels under 
the next-generation destroyer program through a winner-take-all 
acquisition strategy.
    (c) Winner-Take-All Acquisition Strategy Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``winner-take-all acquisition strategy'', 
with respect to the acquisition of vessels under the next-
generation destroyer program, means the acquisition (including 
design and construction) of such vessels through a single 
shipyard.
    (d) Next-Generation Destroyer Program.--In this section, 
the term ``next-generation destroyer program'' means the 
program to acquire and deploy a new class of destroyers as the 
follow-on to the Arleigh Burke class of destroyers.

SEC. 126. AIRCRAFT CARRIER FORCE STRUCTURE.

    (a) Requirement for 12 Operational Aircraft Carriers Within 
the Navy.--Section 5062 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
        subsections (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
        new subsection (b):
    ``(b) The naval combat forces of the Navy shall include not 
less than 12 operational aircraft carriers. For purposes of 
this subsection, an operational aircraft carrier includes an 
aircraft carrier that is temporarily unavailable for worldwide 
deployment due to routine or scheduled maintenance or 
repair.''.
    (b) Funding for Repair and Maintenance of U.S.S. John F. 
Kennedy.--Of the amounts available for operation and 
maintenance for the Navy pursuant to this Act and any other Act 
for fiscal year 2006, not more than $288,000,000 shall be 
available for repair and maintenance to extend the life of the 
U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-67).

SEC. 127. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAUL OF THE U.S.S. CARL VINSON.

    (a) Amount Authorized From FY06 SCN Account.--Of the amount 
authorized to be appropriated by section 102(a)(3) for fiscal 
year 2006 for shipbuilding and conversion, Navy, $1,493,563,000 
is available for work on the nuclear refueling and complex 
overhaul of the U.S.S. Carl Vinson (CVN-70) under the contract 
authorized by Public Law 109-104.
    (b) Contract Authority.--The amount specified in subsection 
(a) includes the amount of $89,000,000 made available by Public 
Law 109-104 for fiscal year 2006 for a period of such fiscal 
year preceding the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 128. CVN-78 AIRCRAFT CARRIER.

    (a) Authority to Use Multiple Years of Funding.--The 
Secretary of the Navy is authorized to enter into a contract 
for detail design and construction of the aircraft carrier 
designated CVN-78 that provides that, subject to subsection 
(b), funds for payments under the contract may be provided from 
amounts appropriated for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for 
fiscal years 2007, 2008, and 2009.
    (b) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract 
described in subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation 
of the United States to make a payment under the contract for a 
fiscal year after fiscal year 2006 is subject to the 
availability of appropriations for that purpose for that fiscal 
year.

SEC. 129. LHA REPLACEMENT (LHA(R)) SHIP.

    (a) Amount Authorized From SCN Account for Fiscal Year 
2006.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by section 
102(a)(3) for fiscal year 2006 for shipbuilding and conversion, 
Navy, $200,447,000 shall be available for design, advance 
procurement, advance construction, detail design, and 
construction with respect to the LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) ship.
    (b) Amounts Authorized From SCN Account for Fiscal Years 
2007 and 2008.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years 2007 and 2008 for shipbuilding and conversion, 
Navy, shall be available for construction with respect to the 
LHA Replacement ship.
    (c) Contract Authority.--
            (1) Design, advance procurement, and advance 
        construction.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into 
        a contract during fiscal year 2006 for design, advance 
        procurement, and advance construction with respect to 
        the LHA Replacement ship.
            (2) Detail design and construction.--The Secretary 
        may enter into a contract during fiscal year 2006 for 
        the detail design and construction of the LHA 
        Replacement ship.
    (d) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (c) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2006 is subject to 
the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.
    (e) Funding as Increment of Full Funding.--The amounts 
available under subsections (a) and (b) for the LHA Replacement 
ship are the first increments of funding for the full funding 
of the LHA Replacement (LHA(R)) ship program.

SEC. 130. REPORT ON ALTERNATIVE PROPULSION METHODS FOR SURFACE 
                    COMBATANTS AND AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE SHIPS.

    (a) Analysis of Alternatives.--The Secretary of the Navy 
shall conduct an analysis of alternative propulsion methods for 
surface combatant vessels and amphibious warfare ships of the 
Navy.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the analysis of 
alternative propulsion systems carried out under subsection 
(a). The report shall be submitted not later than November 1, 
2006.
    (c) Matters To Be Included.--The report under subsection 
(b) shall include the following:
            (1) The key assumptions used in carrying out the 
        analysis under subsection (a).
            (2) The methodology and techniques used in 
        conducting the analysis.
            (3) A description of current and future technology 
        relating to propulsion that has been incorporated in 
        recently-designed surface combatant vessels and 
        amphibious warfare ships or that is expected to be 
        available for those types of vessels within the next 
        10-to-20 years.
            (4) A description of each propulsion alternative 
        for surface combatant vessels and amphibious warfare 
        ships that was considered under the study and an 
        analysis and evaluation of each such alternative from 
        an operational and cost-effectiveness standpoint.
            (5) A comparison of the life-cycle costs of each 
        propulsion alternative.
            (6) For each nuclear propulsion alternative, an 
        analysis of when that nuclear propulsion alternative 
        becomes cost effective as the price of a barrel of 
        crude oil increases for each type of surface combatant 
        vessel and each type of amphibious warfare ship.
            (7) The conclusions and recommendations of the 
        study, including those conclusions and recommendations 
        that could impact the design of future ships or lead to 
        modifications of existing ships.
            (8) The Secretary's intended actions, if any, for 
        implementation of the conclusions and recommendations 
        of the study.
    (d) Life-Cycle Costs.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``life-cycle costs'' includes those elements of cost that 
would be considered for a life-cycle cost analysis for a major 
defense acquisition program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. C-17 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM AND ASSESSMENT OF INTERTHEATER AIRLIFT 
                    REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Multiyear Procurement Authorized.--Subject to 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force may, in 
accordance with section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, 
enter into a multiyear contract, beginning with the fiscal year 
2006 program year, for the procurement of up to 42 additional 
C-17 aircraft.
    (b) Certification Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
may not exercise the authority in subsection (a) until the 
Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a certification that the additional airlift capacity 
to be provided by the C-17 aircraft to be procured under that 
authority is consistent with the assessment of the intertheater 
airlift capabilities required to support the national defense 
strategy carried out pursuant to subsection (c) and submitted 
to the congressional committees pursuant to subsection (d).
    (c) Assessment of Intertheater Airlift Requirements.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        carry out an assessment of the intertheater airlift 
        capabilities required to support the national defense 
        strategy. The assessment shall include development of 
        recommendations for future airlift force structure 
        requirements, together with an explanation for each 
        such recommendation. The Secretary shall submit the 
        assessment pursuant to subsection (d).
            (2) Additional information.--In the report on the 
        results of the assessment required by paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall explain how the recommendations for 
        future airlift force structure requirements in that 
        report take into account the following:
                    (A) The increased airlift demands 
                associated with the Army modular brigade combat 
                teams.
                    (B) The objective to be able to deliver--
                            (i) a brigade combat team anywhere 
                        in the world within four to seven days;
                            (ii) a division anywhere in the 
                        world within 10 days; and
                            (iii) multiple divisions anywhere 
                        in the world within 20 days.
                    (C) The increased airlift demands 
                associated with the expanded scope of 
                operational activities of the Special 
                Operations forces.
                    (D) The realignment of the overseas basing 
                structure in accordance with the Integrated 
                Presence and Basing Strategy announced by the 
                Secretary of Defense on March 20, 2003.
                    (E) Adjustments in the force structure to 
                meet homeland defense requirements.
                    (F) The potential for simultaneous homeland 
                defense activities and major combat operations.
                    (G) Potential changes in requirements for 
                intratheater airlift or sealift capabilities.
                    (H) The capability of the Civil Reserve Air 
                Fleet to provide adequate augmentation in 
                meeting global mobility requirements.
    (d) Submission of Assessment of Intertheater Airlift 
Requirements.--
            (1) Inclusion in quadrennial defense review.--
        Subject to paragraph (2), the assessment of the 
        intertheater airlift capabilities required to support 
        the national defense strategy required by subsection 
        (c)(1) shall be carried out as part of the quadrennial 
        defense review under section 118 of title 10, United 
        States Code, in 2005 and in accordance with the 
        provisions of subsection (d)(9) of that section, and 
        the report under subsection (c)(1) on that assessment 
        shall be included in the report on that quadrennial 
        defense review submitted to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
        with the budget of the President for fiscal year 2007 
        (as submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
        States Code).
            (2) Alternative submission.--If the Secretary of 
        Defense determines that, because of the date required 
        by law for the submission of the report on the 
        quadrennial defense review referred to in paragraph 
        (1), the assessment of the intertheater airlift 
        capabilities required to support the national defense 
        strategy required by subsection (c)(1) cannot be 
        carried out as part of the quadrennial defense review 
        referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary may submit 
        the report of such assessment not later than 45 days 
        after the date of the submission of that review 
        pursuant to section 118(d) of title 10, United States 
        Code. In that case, the Secretary shall submit the 
        report of such assessment to the congressional defense 
        committees.
    (e) Maintenance of C-17 Aircraft Production Line.--If the 
Secretary of Defense is unable to make the certification 
specified in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force 
should procure sufficient C-17 aircraft to maintain the C-17 
aircraft production line at not less than the minimum 
sustaining rate until sufficient flight test data regarding 
improved C-5 aircraft mission capability rates as a result of 
the Reliability Enhancement and Re-engining Program and 
Avionics Modernization Program have been obtained to determine 
the validity of assumptions concerning the C-5 aircraft used in 
the Mobility Capabilities Study.

SEC. 132. PROHIBITION ON RETIREMENT OF KC-135E AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not retire any KC-135E 
aircraft of the Air Force in fiscal year 2006.

SEC. 133. PROHIBITION ON RETIREMENT OF F-117 AIRCRAFT DURING FISCAL 
                    YEAR 2006.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not retire any F-117 
Nighthawk attack aircraft during fiscal year 2006.

SEC. 134. PROHIBITION ON RETIREMENT OF C-130E/H TACTICAL AIRLIFT 
                    AIRCRAFT DURING FISCAL YEAR 2006.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not retire any C-130E/H 
tactical airlift aircraft during fiscal year 2006.

SEC. 135. PROCUREMENT OF C-130J/KC-130J AIRCRAFT AFTER FISCAL YEAR 
                    2005.

    Any C-130J/KC-130J aircraft procured after fiscal year 2005 
(including C-130J/KC-130J aircraft procured through a multiyear 
contract continuing in force from a fiscal year before fiscal 
year 2006) shall be procured through a contract under part 15 
of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), relating to 
acquisition of items by negotiated contract (48 C.F.R. 15.000 
et seq.), rather than through a contract under part 12 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation, relating to acquisition of 
commercial items (48 C.F.R. 12.000 et seq.).

SEC. 136. REPORT ON AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on aircraft aeromedical evacuation programs of the Air Force. 
The report shall contain a comprehensive evaluation and overall 
assessment of (1) the current aeromedical evacuation program, 
carried out through the use of designated aircraft, compared to 
(2) the former aeromedical evacuation program, carried out 
through the use of dedicated aircraft.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) A description of challenges and capability gaps 
        of the current aircraft aeromedical evacuation program 
        compared to the challenges and capability gaps of the 
        former program.
            (2) A description of possible means by which to 
        best mitigate or resolve the challenges and capability 
        gaps described under paragraph (1) with respect to the 
        current program.
            (3) Specification of medical equipment or upgrades 
        needed to enhance the current program.
            (4) Specification of aircraft equipment or upgrades 
        needed to enhance the current program.
            (5) A description of the advantages and 
        disadvantages of the current program compared to the 
        advantages and disadvantages of the former program.
            (6) A cost comparison analysis of the current 
        program and the former program.
            (7) A description of the manner in which customer 
        feedback is obtained and applied to the current 
        program.

               Subtitle E--Joint and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 141. REQUIREMENT THAT TACTICAL UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES USE 
                    SPECIFIED STANDARD DATA LINK.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall take such 
steps as necessary to ensure that (except as specified in 
subsection (c)) all tactical unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) of 
the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force are equipped and 
configured so that--
            (1) the data link used by those vehicles is the 
        Department of Defense standard tactical unmanned aerial 
        vehicle data link known as the Tactical Common Data 
        Link (TCDL), until such time as the Tactical Common 
        Data Link standard is replaced by an updated standard 
        for use by those vehicles; and
            (2) those vehicles use data formats consistent with 
        the architectural standard for tactical unmanned aerial 
        vehicles known as STANAG 4586, developed to facilitate 
        multinational interoperability among NATO member 
        nations.
    (b) Funding Limitation.--After December 1, 2006, no funds 
available to the Department of Defense may be used to enter 
into a contract for procurement of a new tactical unmanned 
aerial vehicle system with data links other than as required by 
subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Waiver Authority.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics may waive the 
applicability of subsection (a) to any tactical unmanned aerial 
vehicle if the Under Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
congressional defense committees, that it would be 
technologically infeasible or uneconomically acceptable to 
integrate a tactical data link specified in that subsection 
into that tactical unmanned aerial vehicle.
    (d) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2006, the Secretary 
of each military department shall submit to Congress a report 
on the status of implementation of standard data links for 
unmanned aerial vehicles under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary in accordance with subsection (a).

SEC. 142. LIMITATION ON INITIATION OF NEW UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE 
                    SYSTEMS.

    (a) Limitation.--Funds available to the Department of 
Defense may not be used to procure an unmanned aerial vehicle 
(UAV) system, including any air vehicle, data link, ground 
station, sensor, or other associated equipment for any such 
system, or to modify any such system to include any form of 
armament, unless such procurement or modification is authorized 
in writing in advance by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
    (b) Exception for Existing Systems.--The limitation in 
subsection (a) does not apply with respect to an unmanned 
aerial vehicle (UAV) system for which funds are under contract 
as of the date of the enactment of this Act or for which funds 
have been appropriated for procurement before the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 143. ADVANCED SEAL DELIVERY SYSTEM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2006 for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, that are available for the United 
States Special Operations Command, $10,100,000 may not be 
obligated or expended until the Secretary of Defense submits to 
the congressional defense committees each of the following:
            (1) The Secretary's certification that the 
        Secretary has revalidated the requirement for the 
        Advanced SEAL Delivery System.
            (2) A report on the Advanced SEAL Delivery System 
        program that, at a minimum, includes--
                    (A) the conclusions of the quadrennial 
                defense review concerning the program;
                    (B) the number of boats required for the 
                program and the manner of their expected 
                employment;
                    (C) an updated cost estimate for the 
                program; and
                    (D) a timeline for addressing the 
                technological challenges faced by the program 
                by March 1, 2006.
    (b) Report on Ongoing Critical Systems Review.--Not later 
than January 1, 2007, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report providing the 
conclusions of the ongoing critical systems review with respect 
to the Advanced SEAL Delivery System program.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 202. Amount for defense science and technology.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Annual Comptroller General report on Future Combat Systems 
          program.
Sec. 212. Contract for the procurement of the Future Combat Systems 
          (FCS).
Sec. 213. Limitations on systems development and demonstration of manned 
          ground vehicles under Armored Systems Modernization program.
Sec. 214. Separate program elements required for significant systems 
          development and demonstration projects for Armored Systems 
          Modernization program.
Sec. 215. Initiation of program to design and develop next-generation 
          nuclear attack submarine.
Sec. 216. Extension of requirements relating to management 
          responsibility for naval mine countermeasures programs.
Sec. 217. Single set of requirements for Army and Marine Corps heavy 
          lift rotorcraft program.
Sec. 218. Requirements for development of tactical radio communications 
          systems.
Sec. 219. Limitation on systems development and demonstration of 
          Personnel Recovery Vehicle.
Sec. 220. Limitation on VXX helicopter program.
Sec. 221. Report on testing of Internet Protocol version 6.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 231. Report on capabilities and costs for operational boost/ascent-
          phase missile defense systems.
Sec. 232. One-year extension of Comptroller General assessments of 
          ballistic missile defense programs.
Sec. 233. Fielding of ballistic missile defense capabilities.
Sec. 234. Plans for test and evaluation of operational capability of the 
          ballistic missile defense system.

 Subtitle D--High-Performance Defense Manufacturing Technology Research 
                             and Development

Sec. 241. Pilot program for identification and transition of advanced 
          manufacturing processes and technologies.
Sec. 242. Transition of transformational manufacturing processes and 
          technologies to defense manufacturing base.
Sec. 243. Manufacturing technology strategies.
Sec. 244. Report.
Sec. 245. Definitions.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 251. Comptroller General report on program element structure for 
          research, development, test, and evaluation projects.
Sec. 252. Research and development efforts for purposes of small 
          business research.
Sec. 253. Revised requirements relating to submission of Joint 
          Warfighting Science and Technology Plan.
Sec. 254. Report on efficiency of naval shipbuilding industry.
Sec. 255. Technology transition.
Sec. 256. Prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast injuries.
Sec. 257. Modification of requirements for annual report on DARPA 
          program to award cash prizes for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 258. Designation of facilities and resources constituting the Major 
          Range and Test Facility Base.
Sec. 259. Report on cooperation between Department of Defense and 
          National Aeronautics and Space Administration on research, 
          development, test, and evaluation activities.
Sec. 260. Delayed effective date for limitation on procurement of 
          systems not GPS-equipped.
Sec. 261. Report on development and use of robotics and unmanned ground 
          vehicle systems.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
research, development, test, and evaluation as follows:
            (1) For the Army, $10,036,004,000.
            (2) For the Navy, $18,581,441,000.
            (3) For the Air Force, $22,305,012,000.
            (4) For Defense-wide activities, $19,277,402,000, 
        of which $168,458,000 is authorized for the Director of 
        Operational Test and Evaluation.

SEC. 202. AMOUNT FOR DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Fiscal Year 2006.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by section 201, $11,363,021,000 shall be available 
for the Defense Science and Technology Program, including basic 
research, applied research, and advanced technology development 
projects.
    (b) Basic Research, Applied Research, and Advanced 
Technology Development Defined.--For purposes of this section, 
the term ``basic research, applied research, and advanced 
technology development'' means work funded in program elements 
for defense research and development under Department of 
Defense budget activities 1, 2, and 3.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. ANNUAL COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON FUTURE COMBAT SYSTEMS 
                    PROGRAM.

    (a) Annual GAO Review.--The Comptroller General shall 
conduct an annual review of the Future Combat Systems program 
and shall, not later than March 15 of each year, submit to 
Congress a report on the results of the most recent review. 
With each such report, the Comptroller General shall submit a 
certification as to whether the Comptroller General has had 
access to sufficient information to enable the Comptroller 
General to make informed judgments on the matters covered by 
the report.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--Each report on the Future 
Combat Systems program under subsection (a) shall include the 
following with respect to research and development under the 
program:
            (1) The extent to which systems development and 
        demonstration under the program is meeting established 
        goals, including the goals established for performance, 
        key performance parameters, technology readiness 
        levels, cost, and schedule.
            (2) The budget for the current fiscal year, and the 
        projected budget for the next fiscal year, for all 
        Department of Defense programs directly supporting the 
        Future Combat Systems program and an evaluation of the 
        contribution each such program makes to meeting the 
        goals established for performance, key performance 
        parameters, and technology readiness levels of the 
        Future Combat Systems program.
            (3) The plan for such systems development and 
        demonstration (leading to production) for the fiscal 
        year that begins in the year in which the report is 
        submitted.
            (4) The Comptroller General's conclusion regarding 
        whether such systems development and demonstration 
        (leading to production) is likely to be completed at a 
        total cost not in excess of the amount specified (or to 
        be specified) for such purpose in the Selected 
        Acquisition Report for the Future Combat Systems 
        program under section 2432 of title 10, United States 
        Code, for the first quarter of the fiscal year during 
        which the report of the Comptroller General is 
        submitted.
    (c) Termination.--No report is required under this section 
after systems development and demonstration under the Future 
Combat Systems program is completed.

SEC. 212. CONTRACT FOR THE PROCUREMENT OF THE FUTURE COMBAT SYSTEMS 
                    (FCS).

    The Secretary of the Army shall procure the Future Combat 
Systems (FCS) through a contract under part 15 of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation (FAR), relating to acquisition of items 
by negotiated contract (48 C.F.R. 15.000 et seq.), rather than 
through a transaction under section 2371 of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 213. LIMITATIONS ON SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF 
                    MANNED GROUND VEHICLES UNDER ARMORED SYSTEMS 
                    MODERNIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitations.--Of the amounts appropriated or otherwise 
made available pursuant to the authorization of appropriations 
in section 201 for the Armored Systems Modernization program, 
not more than 70 percent may be obligated for systems 
development and demonstration of manned ground vehicle variants 
under that program until each of the following occurs:
            (1) The Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees that the threshold 
        requirements for manned ground vehicle variants with 
        respect to lethality and survivability have been met 
        and demonstrated, in accordance with applicable 
        regulations, in a relevant environment to be at least 
        equal to the lethality and survivability of the manned 
        ground vehicles to be replaced by those variants.
            (2) The Secretary of Defense submits to the 
        congressional defense committees the results of an 
        independent analysis carried out with respect to the 
        transportability requirement for the manned ground 
        vehicle variants under the Future Combat Systems 
        program for the purpose of determining whether--
                    (A) the requirement can be supported by the 
                future-years defense plan and the projected 
                extended planning period inter-theater and 
                intra-theater airlift force structure budget;
                    (B) the requirement is justified by any 
                likely deployment scenario envisioned by 
                current operational plans; and
                    (C) the projected unit procurement cost 
                warrants the investment required to deploy 
                those variants.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics submits to the congressional 
        defense committees the results of an independent cost 
        estimate, prepared by the cost analysis improvement 
        group of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, with 
        respect to the Future Combat Systems program.
            (4) The Secretary of the Army submits to the 
        congressional defense committees a report containing--
                    (A) the organizational design, quantities, 
                and fielding plan for each of the current force 
                Brigade Combat Teams and the Future Combat 
                Systems Brigade Combat Teams; and
                    (B) the Future Combat Systems Manned Ground 
                Vehicle research, development, test, and 
                evaluation and procurement plan and budgets 
                through the future-years defense plan, 
                including unit procurement cost for each Future 
                Combat Systems Manned Ground Vehicle variant in 
                constant and current-year dollars.
            (5) The Secretary of Defense submits to the 
        congressional defense committees a report describing 
        and evaluating the requirements and budgets for the 
        technology insertion program for integrating Future 
        Combat Systems capabilities into current force programs 
        through the future-years defense plan for the purpose 
        of determining--
                    (A) the balance in programs and resources 
                between the Future Combat Systems Brigade 
                Combat Teams and the current force Brigade 
                Combat Teams;
                    (B) the feasibility of accelerating 
                technology insertion into the current force 
                Brigade Combat Teams;
                    (C) the level of research, development, 
                test, and evaluation and procurement funding to 
                support planned technology insertions into the 
                current force Brigade Combat Teams through the 
                future-years defense plan; and
                    (D) the capabilities of a current force 
                Brigade Combat Team equipped with planned 
                technology insertions in 2010, in comparison to 
                a Future Combat Systems Manned Ground Vehicle 
                Brigade Combat Team in 2014.
    (b) Exception for Non-Line-of-Sight Cannon System.--This 
section does not apply with respect to the obligation of funds 
for systems development and demonstration of the non-line-of-
sight cannon system.

SEC. 214. SEPARATE PROGRAM ELEMENTS REQUIRED FOR SIGNIFICANT SYSTEMS 
                    DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS FOR ARMORED 
                    SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Elements Specified.--Effective for the budget 
of the President submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2008 and each 
fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that a separate, dedicated program element is assigned to each 
of the following systems development and demonstration projects 
of the Armored Systems Modernization program:
            (1) Manned Ground Vehicles.
            (2) Systems of Systems Engineering and Program 
        Management.
            (3) Future Combat Systems Reconnaissance Platforms 
        and Sensors.
            (4) Future Combat Systems Unmanned Ground Vehicles.
            (5) Unattended Sensors.
            (6) Sustainment.
    (b) Early Commencement of Display in Budget Justification 
Materials.--As part of the budget justification materials 
submitted to Congress in support of the Department of Defense 
budget for fiscal year 2007, as submitted with the budget of 
the President under such section 1105(a), the Secretary of the 
Army shall set forth the budget justification material for the 
systems development and demonstration projects of the Armored 
Systems Modernization program identified in subsection (a) as 
if the projects were already separate program elements.
    (c) Technology Insertion to Current Force.--
            (1) Report on establishment of additional program 
        element.--Not later than June 1, 2006, the Secretary of 
        the Army shall submit a report to the congressional 
        defense committees describing the manner in which the 
        costs of integrating Future Combat Systems capabilities 
        into current force programs could be assigned to a 
        separate, dedicated program element and any management 
        issues that would be raised as a result of establishing 
        such a program element.
            (2) Display in budget justification materials.--As 
        part of the budget justification materials submitted to 
        Congress in support of the Department of Defense budget 
        for fiscal year 2007 and each fiscal year thereafter, 
        as submitted with the budget of the President under 
        such section 1105(a), the Secretary of the Army shall 
        set forth the budget justification material for 
        technology insertion to the current force under the 
        Armored Systems Modernization program.

SEC. 215. INITIATION OF PROGRAM TO DESIGN AND DEVELOP NEXT-GENERATION 
                    NUCLEAR ATTACK SUBMARINE.

    (a) Program Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
initiate a program to design and develop the next-generation of 
nuclear attack submarines.
    (b) Objective.--The objective of the program required by 
subsection (a) is to develop a nuclear attack submarine that 
meets or exceeds the warfighting capability of a submarine of 
the current Virginia class at a cost dramatically lower than 
the cost of a submarine of the Virginia class. The Secretary 
may meet such objective by modifying the Virginia class of 
nuclear submarines to incorporate new technology.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
        include, with the defense budget justification 
        materials submitted in support of the President's 
        budget for fiscal year 2007 submitted to Congress under 
        section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, a report 
        on the program required by subsection (a).
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include--
                    (A) an outline of the management approach 
                to be used in carrying out the program;
                    (B) the goals for the program; and
                    (C) a schedule for the program.

SEC. 216. EXTENSION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO MANAGEMENT 
                    RESPONSIBILITY FOR NAVAL MINE COUNTERMEASURES 
                    PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 216 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 
102-190; 105 Stat. 1317), as most recently amended by section 
212 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 Stat. 2480), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2008'' and 
        inserting ``2011'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting after 
        ``Secretary of Defense'' the following: ``, and the 
        Secretary of Defense has forwarded to the congressional 
        defense committees,'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting before the 
        semicolon at the end the following: ``and, by so 
        certifying, ensures that the budget meets the 
        requirements of section 2437 of title 10, United States 
        Code''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
        following new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Notification of Certain Proposed Changes.--
            ``(1) In general.--With respect to a fiscal year, 
        the Secretary may not carry out any change to the naval 
        mine countermeasures master plan or the budget 
        resources for mine countermeasures with respect to that 
        fiscal year until after the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics submits to 
        the congressional defense committees a notification of 
        the proposed change. Such notification shall describe 
        the nature of the proposed change and the effect of the 
        proposed change on the naval mine countermeasures 
        program or related programs with respect to that fiscal 
        year.
            ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to a 
        change if both--
                    ``(A) the amount of the change is below the 
                applicable reprogramming threshold; and
                    ``(B) the effect of the change does not 
                affect the validity of the decision to 
                certify.''.
    (b) Notice and Certification Before Decommissioning of MHC-
51 Vessels.--The Secretary of the Navy may not decommission any 
vessel of the MHC-51 mine countermeasures class before the end 
of the service life of that vessel until--
            (1) the Secretary submits to the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives a report on 
        existing capabilities to assume the MHC-51 mission, 
        together with the Secretary's certification that the 
        capabilities of the vessels of the MHC-51 mine 
        countermeasures class are no longer required; and
            (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the date 
        of receipt of that report and certification by those 
        committees.

SEC. 217. SINGLE SET OF REQUIREMENTS FOR ARMY AND MARINE CORPS HEAVY 
                    LIFT ROTORCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Joint Requirement.--The Secretary of the Army and the 
Secretary of the Navy shall develop a single set of 
requirements for the Joint Heavy Lift program for the Army and 
the Marine Corps.
    (b) Approval by JROC Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
may not authorize entry into Systems Development and 
Demonstration for the next-generation heavy lift rotorcraft 
until the single joint requirement required by subsection (a) 
has been approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
    (c) Exception.--This section does not apply to the CH-53X 
Heavy Lift Replacement Program.

SEC. 218. REQUIREMENTS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TACTICAL RADIO COMMUNICATIONS 
                    SYSTEMS.

    (a) Interim Tactical Radio Communications.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall--
            (1) assess the immediate requirements of the 
        military departments for tactical radio communications 
        systems;
            (2) ensure that the military departments rapidly 
        acquire tactical radio communications systems utilizing 
        existing technology or mature systems readily available 
        in the commercial marketplace; and
            (3) develop a plan and roadmap for the development, 
        procurement, deployment, and sustainment of interim and 
        future tactical radio communications systems.
    (b) Joint Tactical Radio System.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall apply Department of Defense Instruction 5000.2 to the 
Joint Tactical Radio System in a manner that does not permit 
the Milestone B entrance requirements to be waived unless the 
Secretary certifies that the Department is unable to meet 
critical national security objectives.
    (c) Certification of Budgets.--
            (1) Budgeting through joint program office.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall require that the Secretary 
        of each military department, and the head of each 
        Defense Agency with programs developing components of 
        or research related to the Joint Tactical Radio System 
        transmit such proposed budgets for these activities, 
        including all waveform development activities, for a 
        fiscal year to the head of the single joint program 
        office designated under section 213 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public 
        Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1416) for review and 
        certification under paragraph (2) before submitting 
        such proposed budget to the Under Secretary of Defense 
        (Comptroller).
            (2) Actions of head of joint program office.--The 
        head of the single joint program office designated 
        under section 213 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 
        1416) shall review each proposed budget transmitted 
        under paragraph (1) and shall, not later than January 
        31 of the year preceding the fiscal year for which such 
        budgets are proposed, submit to the Secretary of 
        Defense a report containing comments with respect to 
        all such proposed budgets, together with the 
        certification as to whether such proposed budgets are 
        adequate and whether such proposed budgets provide 
        balanced support for the plan required under subsection 
        (a)(3).
            (3) Actions of secretary of defense.--The Secretary 
        of Defense shall, not later than March 31 of the year 
        preceding the fiscal year for which such budgets are 
        proposed, submit to Congress a report on those proposed 
        budgets which the head of the single joint program 
        office has not certified under paragraph (2) to be 
        adequate, including a discussion of the actions that 
        the Secretary proposes to take to address the 
        inadequacy of the proposed budgets.
    (d) Report on Implementation Required.--Not later than May 
1, 2006, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a report on the 
implementation of this section.

SEC. 219. LIMITATION ON SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF 
                    PERSONNEL RECOVERY VEHICLE.

    Not more than 40 percent of the amounts made available 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 201 
for systems development and demonstration of the Personnel 
Recovery Vehicle may be obligated until 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
defense committees each of the following:
            (1) The Secretary's certification that the 
        requirements for the Personnel Recovery Vehicle have 
        been validated by the Joint Requirements Oversight 
        Council and that the acquisition schedule has been 
        validated by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
            (2) The Secretary's certification that all 
        technologies required to meet the requirements (as 
        validated under paragraph (1)) for the Personnel 
        Recovery Vehicle are mature and will have been 
        demonstrated in a relevant environment before inclusion 
        in production aircraft.
            (3) The Secretary's assessment of whether another 
        aircraft, or modification of an aircraft, in the 
        inventory of the Department of Defense can meet the 
        requirements and provide a more cost effective solution 
        (as validated under paragraph (1)) for the Personnel 
        Recovery Vehicle Program.
            (4) In the event that the Department chooses to 
        award a contract for the Personnel Recovery Vehicle 
        Program for an aircraft not in the Department of 
        Defense inventory, the Secretary's explanation of the 
        reasons why the chosen system would be more effective 
        or less expensive in terms of total life-cycle costs.
            (5) A statement setting forth the independent cost 
        estimate and manpower estimate (as required by section 
        2434 of title 10, United States Code) for the Personnel 
        Recovery Vehicle.

SEC. 220. LIMITATION ON VXX HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the amounts appropriated or otherwise 
made available pursuant to the authorization of appropriations 
in section 201 for the VXX executive helicopter program, not 
more than 75 percent may be obligated for system development 
and demonstration of the VXX helicopter until the Secretary of 
the Navy submits to Congress an event-driven acquisition 
strategy for Increment Two of the program that includes the 
completion of at least one phase of operational testing on 
production representative test vehicles before the initiation 
of aircraft production. That acquisition strategy shall be 
developed by the Secretary working the with the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation of the Department of Defense.
    (a) Report.--Not later than March 15, 2006, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report setting forth in detail the acquisition 
strategy referred to in subsection (a). The report shall, at a 
minimum, include the following:
            (1) A list of the critical technologies required 
        for the production and operation of Increment Two 
        aircraft for the VXX executive helicopter program.
            (2) A schedule that accepts no more than moderate 
        risk in either cost or schedule for the demonstration 
        and test of each critical technology listed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) A description of the event-based decision 
        points and associated decision criteria that will occur 
        before the initiation of production of Increment Two 
        aircraft.
            (4) A description of a proposed operational 
        evaluation using production representative test 
        vehicles to occur before the initiation of production 
        of Increment Two aircraft.
            (5) An evaluation of the acquisition strategy for 
        Increment Two aircraft detailed in the report provided 
        by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation of 
        the Department of Defense.

SEC. 221. REPORT ON TESTING OF INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 6.

    (a) Additional Plan Element.--Subsection (b) of section 331 
of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1850) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) A certification by the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff that the conversion of Department of 
        Defense networks to Internet Protocol version 6 will 
        provide equivalent or better performance and 
        capabilities than that which would be provided by any 
        other combination of available technologies or 
        protocols.''.
    (b) Official Responsible for Oversight of Test and 
Evaluation Plan.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Official Responsible for Oversight of Test and 
Evaluation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation of the Department 
of Defense as the official responsible within the Department of 
Defense for oversight and direction of the test and evaluation 
plan under this section and for approval of the master test and 
evaluation plan under this section.''.
    (c) Annual Report.--Subsection (e) of such section (as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1)) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Reports.--
            ``(1) Not later than June 30, 2006, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report containing the transition plan 
        under subsection (a), updated to the time of the 
        submission of the report.
            ``(2) For each of fiscal years 2006 through 2008, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall, not later than the end 
        of that fiscal year, submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the testing and 
        evaluation carried out pursuant to subsection (c).''.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

SEC. 231. REPORT ON CAPABILITIES AND COSTS FOR OPERATIONAL BOOST/
                    ASCENT-PHASE MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Secretary of Defense Assessment.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall conduct an assessment of the United States 
missile defense programs that are designed to provide 
capability against threat ballistic missiles in the boost/
ascent phase of flight.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the assessment shall be to 
compare and contrast--
            (1) capabilities of those programs (if operational) 
        to defeat, while in the boost/ascent phase of flight, 
        ballistic missiles launched from North Korea or a 
        location in the Middle East against the continental 
        United States, Alaska, or Hawaii; and
            (2) asset requirements and costs for those programs 
        to become operational with the capabilities referred to 
        in paragraph (1).
    (c) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2006, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report providing the results of the 
assessment.

SEC. 232. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENTS OF 
                    BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Extension.--Section 232(g) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 
U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``through 2006'' 
        and inserting ``through 2007''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``through 2007'' 
        and inserting ``through 2008''.
    (b) Modification of Submittal Date.--Paragraph (2) of such 
section is further amended by striking ``February 15'' and 
inserting ``March 15''.

SEC. 233. FIELDING OF BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

    Upon approval by the Secretary of Defense, funds authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for the Missile Defense 
Agency may be used for the development and fielding of 
ballistic missile defense capabilities.

SEC. 234. PLANS FOR TEST AND EVALUATION OF OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY OF 
                    THE BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEM.

    (a) Test and Evaluation Plans for Blocks.--
            (1) Plans required.--With respect to block 06 and 
        each subsequent block of the Ballistic Missile Defense 
        System, the appropriate joint and service operational 
        test and evaluation components of the Department of 
        Defense concerned with the block shall prepare a plan, 
        appropriate for the level of technological maturity of 
        the block, to test, evaluate, and characterize the 
        operational capability of the block.
            (2) Consultation and review.--The preparation of 
        each plan under this subsection shall be--
                    (A) carried out in coordination with the 
                Missile Defense Agency; and
                    (B) subject to the review and approval of 
                the Director of Operational Test and 
                Evaluation.
    (b) Reports on Test and Evaluation of Blocks.--At the 
conclusion of the test and evaluation of block 06 and each 
subsequent block of the Ballistic Missile Defense System, the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the 
Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees a 
report providing--
            (1) the assessment of the Director as to whether or 
        not the test and evaluation was adequate to evaluate 
        the operational capability of the block; and
            (2) the characterization of the Director as to the 
        operational effectiveness, suitability, and 
        survivability of the block, as appropriate for the 
        level of technological maturity of the block tested.

Subtitle D--High-Performance Defense Manufacturing Technology Research 
                            and Development

SEC. 241. PILOT PROGRAM FOR IDENTIFICATION AND TRANSITION OF ADVANCED 
                    MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall conduct a 
pilot program under the authority of section 2521 of title 10, 
United States Code, to identify and transition advanced 
manufacturing processes and technologies the utilization of 
which would achieve significant productivity and efficiency 
gains in the defense manufacturing base.
    (b) Consideration of Defense Priorities.--In carrying out 
subsection (a), the Under Secretary shall take into 
consideration the defense priorities established in the most 
current Joint Warfighting Science and Technology plan, as 
required under section 270 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 
U.S.C. 2501 note).
    (c) Identification for Transition.--In identifying 
manufacturing processes and technologies for transition to the 
defense manufacturing base under the pilot program, the Under 
Secretary shall select the most promising transformational 
technologies and manufacturing processes, in consultation with 
the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, the Joint 
Defense Manufacturing Technology Panel, and other such entities 
as may be appropriate, including the Director of the Small 
Business Innovation Research Program.

SEC. 242. TRANSITION OF TRANSFORMATIONAL MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND 
                    TECHNOLOGIES TO DEFENSE MANUFACTURING BASE.

    (a) Prototypes and Test Beds.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall 
undertake the development of prototypes and test beds to 
validate the manufacturing processes and technologies selected 
for transition under the pilot program under section 241.
    (b) Diffusion of Enhancements.--The Under Secretary shall 
seek the cooperation of industry in adopting such manufacturing 
processes and technologies through the following:
            (1) The Manufacturing Extension Partnership 
        Program.
            (2) The identification of incentives for industry 
        to incorporate and utilize such manufacturing processes 
        and technologies.

SEC. 243. MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIES.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics may--
            (1) identify an area of technology where the 
        development of an industry-prepared roadmap for new 
        manufacturing and technology processes applicable to 
        defense manufacturing requirements would be beneficial 
        to the Department of Defense; and
            (2) establish a task force, and act in cooperation, 
        with the private sector to map the strategy for the 
        development of manufacturing processes and technologies 
        needed to support technology development in the area 
        identified under paragraph (1).
    (b) Commencement of Roadmapping.--The Under Secretary shall 
commence any roadmapping identified pursuant to subsection 
(a)(1) not later than January 2007.

SEC. 244. REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 31, 2007, the 
Under Secretary of the Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report on the actions undertaken by the Under Secretary under 
this subtitle during fiscal year 2006.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a comprehensive description of the actions 
        undertaken under this subtitle during fiscal year 2006;
            (2) an assessment of effectiveness of such actions 
        in enhancing research and development on manufacturing 
        technologies and processes, and the implementation of 
        such within the defense manufacturing base; and
            (3) such recommendations as the Under Secretary 
        considers appropriate for additional actions to be 
        undertaken in order to increase the effectiveness of 
        the actions undertaken under this subtitle in enhancing 
        manufacturing activities within the defense 
        manufacturing base.

SEC. 245. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Defense manufacturing base.--The term ``defense 
        manufacturing base'' includes any supplier of the 
        Department of Defense, including a supplier of raw 
        materials.
            (2) Manufacturing extension partnership program.--
        The term ``Manufacturing Extension Partnership 
        Program'' means the Manufacturing Extension Partnership 
        Program of the Department of Commerce.
            (3) Small business innovation research program.--
        The term ``Small Business Innovation Research Program'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 2500(11) of 
        title 10, United States Code.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 251. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON PROGRAM ELEMENT STRUCTURE FOR 
                    RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION 
                    PROJECTS.

    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General shall prepare 
a report containing assessments of--
            (1) the current program element structure and 
        content used to account for projects carried out, or 
        proposed to be carried out, using amounts for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation activities; and
            (2) the effectiveness of such program elements, and 
        related budget justification materials, in providing 
        necessary information for budget transparency and 
        oversight by the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Recommendations.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall also include such recommendations as the Comptroller 
General considers to be appropriate regarding program element 
size and content, budget justification material content, and 
appropriate reprogramming authorities within and between 
program elements, particularly in connection with highly 
complex research and development programs that employ the 
system-of-systems concept.
    (c) Submission.-- The report required by subsection (a) 
shall be submitted to the congressional defense committees not 
later than February 1, 2007.

SEC. 252. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS FOR PURPOSES OF SMALL 
                    BUSINESS RESEARCH.

    (a) In General.--Section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 638) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(x) Research and Development Focus.--
            ``(1) Revision and update of criteria and 
        procedures of identification.--In carrying out 
        subsection (g), the Secretary of Defense shall, not 
        less often than once every 4 years, revise and update 
        the criteria and procedures utilized to identify areas 
        of the research and development efforts of the 
        Department of Defense which are suitable for the 
        provision of funds under the Small Business Innovation 
        Research Program and the Small Business Technology 
        Transfer Program.
            ``(2) Utilization of plans.--The criteria and 
        procedures described in paragraph (1) shall be 
        developed through the use of the most current versions 
        of the following plans:
                    ``(A) The Joint Warfighting Science and 
                Technology Plan required under section 270 of 
                the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 U.S.C. 
                2501 note).
                    ``(B) The Defense Technology Area Plan of 
                the Department of Defense.
                    ``(C) The Basic Research Plan of the 
                Department of Defense.
            ``(3) Input in identification of areas of effort.--
        The criteria and procedures described in paragraph (1) 
        shall include input in the identification of areas of 
        research and development efforts described in that 
        paragraph from Department of Defense program managers 
        (PMs) and program executive officers (PEOs).
    ``(y) Commercialization Pilot Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of each military department is authorized to 
        create and administer a `Commercialization Pilot 
        Program' to accelerate the transition of technologies, 
        products, and services developed under the Small 
        Business Innovation Research Program to Phase III, 
        including the acquisition process.
            ``(2) Identification of research programs for 
        accelerated transition to acquisition process.--In 
        carrying out the Commercialization Pilot Program, the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of each military 
        department shall identify research programs of the 
        Small Business Innovation Research Program that have 
        the potential for rapid transitioning to Phase III and 
        into the acquisition process.
            ``(3) Limitation.--No research program may be 
        identified under paragraph (2) unless the Secretary of 
        the military department concerned certifies in writing 
        that the successful transition of the program to Phase 
        III and into the acquisition process is expected to 
        meet high priority military requirements of such 
        military department.
            ``(4) Funding.--For payment of expenses incurred to 
        administer the Commercialization Pilot Program under 
        this subsection, the Secretary of Defense and each 
        Secretary of a military department is authorized to use 
        not more than an amount equal to 1 percent of the funds 
        available to the Department of Defense or the military 
        department pursuant to the Small Business Innovation 
        Research Program. Such funds--
                    ``(A) shall not be subject to the 
                limitations on the use of funds in subsection 
                (f)(2); and
                    ``(B) shall not be used to make Phase III 
                awards.
            ``(5) Evaluative report.--At the end of each fiscal 
        year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Small 
        Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Small 
        Business of the House of Representatives an evaluative 
        report regarding activities under the Commercialization 
        Pilot Program. The report shall include--
                    ``(A) an accounting of the funds used in 
                the Commercialization Pilot Program;
                    ``(B) a detailed description of the 
                Commercialization Pilot Program, including 
                incentives and activities undertaken by 
                acquisition program managers, program executive 
                officers, and prime contractors; and
                    ``(C) a detailed compilation of results 
                achieved by the Commercialization Pilot 
                Program, including the number of small business 
                concerns assisted and the number of projects 
                commercialized.
            ``(6) Sunset.--The pilot program under this 
        subsection shall terminate at the end of fiscal year 
        2009.''.
    (b) Implementation of Executive Order 13329.--Section 9 of 
the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638), as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (7), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) to provide for and fully implement the tenets 
        of Executive Order 13329 (Encouraging Innovation in 
        Manufacturing).'';
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (10), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(11) provide for and fully implement the tenets 
        of Executive Order 13329 (Encouraging Innovation in 
        Manufacturing).''; and
            (3) in subsection (o)--
                    (A) in paragraph (14), by striking ``and'' 
                at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (15), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(16) provide for and fully implement the tenets 
        of Executive Order 13329 (Encouraging Innovation in 
        Manufacturing).''.
    (c) Testing and Evaluation Authority.--Section 9(e) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) the term `commercial applications' shall not 
        be construed to exclude testing and evaluation of 
        products, services, or technologies for use in 
        technical or weapons systems, and further, awards for 
        testing and evaluation of products, services, or 
        technologies for use in technical or weapons systems 
        may be made in either the second or the third phase of 
        the Small Business Innovation Research Program and of 
        the Small Business Technology Transfer Program, as 
        defined in this subsection.''.

SEC. 253. REVISED REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO SUBMISSION OF JOINT 
                    WARFIGHTING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PLAN.

    (a) Biennial Submittal.--Section 270 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-
201; 10 U.S.C. 2501 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``ANNUAL'' in the section heading 
        and inserting ``BIENNIAL''; and
            (2) by striking ``(a) Annual Plan Required.--On 
        March 1 of each year'' and inserting ``Not later than 
        March 1 of each even-numbered year''.
    (b) Repeal of Requirement for Inclusion of Technology Area 
Review and Assessment Summaries With JWSTP.--Subsection (b) of 
such section is repealed.
    (c) Requirement for Separate Reports on Technology Area 
Review and Assessment Summaries.--Whenever the Secretary of 
Defense provides for the conduct of a study referred to as a 
Technology Area Review and Assessment, the Secretary shall, not 
later than March 1 of the year following the year in which that 
study is conducted, submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing a summary of each such 
Technology Area Review and Assessment conducted during that 
year.

SEC. 254. REPORT ON EFFICIENCY OF NAVAL SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY.

    (a) Assessment of Efficiency of Naval Shipbuilding 
Industry.--
            (1) Assessment required.--The Secretary of the Navy 
        shall conduct an assessment of the United States naval 
        shipbuilding industry to determine how worldwide 
        shipbuilding industry best practices for innovation, 
        design, and production technologies, processes, and 
        infrastructure could be adopted to improve efficiency 
        in the following areas:
                    (A) Program design, engineering, and 
                production engineering.
                    (B) Organization and operating systems.
                    (C) Steelwork production.
                    (D) Ship construction and outfitting.
            (2) Contents of assessment.--The assessment under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) An identification of any best practice 
                of the worldwide shipbuilding industry that the 
                United States naval shipbuilding industry has 
                not adopted, the adoption of which would lower 
                construction costs.
                    (B) The estimated cost of adopting any best 
                practice identified under subparagraph (A) and 
                any estimated return on an investment made by a 
                shipyard to adopt such a best practice.
                    (C) Any recommendation of the Secretary to 
                increase the efficiency of the United States 
                naval shipbuilding industry.
            (3) Relation to independent navy ship construction 
        assessment.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall 
        occur subsequent to, and take into consideration the 
        results of, the study of the cost effectiveness of the 
        ship construction program of the Navy required by 
        section 1014 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-
        375; 118 Stat. 2041).
    (b) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2006, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report containing the Secretary's findings and conclusions 
based on the assessment under subsection (a).

SEC. 255. TECHNOLOGY TRANSITION.

    (a) Clarification of Duties of Technology Transition 
Council.--Paragraph (2) of section 2359a(g) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) The duty of the Council shall be to support the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
in developing policies to facilitate the rapid transition of 
technologies from science and technology programs into 
acquisition programs of the Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Report on Technology Transition.--
            (1) Report required.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives a report concerning the challenges 
        associated with technology transition from the science 
        and technology programs of the Department of Defense to 
        the acquisition programs of the Department of Defense. 
        The Secretary shall include in the report a strategy to 
        address those challenges. The Secretary shall prepare 
        the report working through the Technology Transition 
        Council of the Department of Defense established under 
        section 2359a(g) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of any internal 
                organizational barriers within the Department 
                to technology transition between the technology 
                development, acquisition, and operations 
                components of the Department.
                    (B) An assessment of the effect of 
                Department acquisition regulations on 
                technology transition.
                    (C) An assessment of the effects of the 
                requirements validation process and the 
                planning, programming, budgeting, and execution 
                processes of the Department on technology 
                transition.
                    (D) A description of other challenges 
                associated with technology transition in the 
                Department that are identified by the 
                Secretary.
                    (E) A Department-wide strategy for pursuing 
                technology transition.
                    (F) Such recommendations as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate to eliminate internal 
                barriers within the Department to technology 
                transition.
            (3) Submittal date.--The report under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted not later than nine months after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 256. PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND TREATMENT OF BLAST INJURIES.

    (a) Designation of Executive Agent.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall designate an executive agent to be responsible 
for coordinating and managing the medical research efforts and 
programs of the Department of Defense relating to the 
prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast injuries.
    (b) General Responsibilities.--The executive agent 
designated under subsection (a) shall be responsible for--
            (1) planning for the medical research and 
        development projects, diagnostic and field treatment 
        programs, and patient tracking and monitoring 
        activities within the Department that relate to combat 
        blast injuries;
            (2) efficient execution of such projects, programs, 
        and activities;
            (3) enabling the sharing of blast injury health 
        hazards and survivability data collected through such 
        projects, programs, and activities with the programs of 
        the Department of Defense;
            (4) working with the Director, Defense Research and 
        Engineering and the Secretaries of the military 
        departments to ensure resources are adequate to also 
        meet non-medical requirements related to blast injury 
        prevention, mitigation, and treatment; and
            (5) ensuring that a joint combat trauma registry is 
        established and maintained for the purposes of 
        collection and analysis of contemporary combat 
        casualties, including casualties with traumatic brain 
        injury.
    (c) Medical Research Efforts.--
            (1) In general.--The executive agent designated 
        under subsection (a) shall review and assess the 
        adequacy of medical research efforts of the Department 
        of Defense as of the date of the enactment of this Act 
        relating to the following:
                    (A) The characterization of blast effects 
                leading to injury, including the injury 
                potential of blasts in various environments.
                    (B) Medical technologies and protocols to 
                more accurately detect and diagnose blast 
                injuries, including improved discrimination 
                between traumatic brain injuries and mental 
                health disorders.
                    (C) Enhanced treatment of blast injuries in 
                the field.
                    (D) Integrated treatment approaches for 
                members of the Armed Forces who have a 
                combination of traumatic brain injuries and 
                mental health disorders or other injuries.
                    (E) Such other blast injury matters as the 
                executive agent considers appropriate.
            (2) Requirements for research efforts.--Based on 
        the assessment under paragraph (1), the executive agent 
        shall establish requirements for medical research 
        efforts described in that paragraph in order to enhance 
        and accelerate those research efforts.
            (3) Oversight of research efforts.--The executive 
        agent shall establish, coordinate, and oversee 
        Department-wide medical research efforts relating to 
        the prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast 
        injuries, as necessary, to fulfill requirements 
        established under paragraph (2).
    (d) Other Related Research Efforts.--The Director, Defense 
Research and Engineering, in coordination with the executive 
agent designated under subsection (a) and the Director of the 
Joint IED Defeat Task Force, shall--
            (1) review and assess the adequacy of current 
        research efforts of the Department on the prevention 
        and mitigation of blast injuries;
            (2) based on subsection (c)(1), establish 
        requirements for further research; and
            (3) address any deficiencies identified in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) by establishing, coordinating, 
        and overseeing Department-wide research and development 
        initiatives on the prevention and mitigation of blast 
        injuries, including explosive detection and defeat and 
        personnel and vehicle blast protection.
    (e) Studies.--The executive agent designated under 
subsection (a) shall conduct studies on the prevention, 
mitigation, and treatment of blast injuries, including--
            (1) studies to improve the clinical evaluation and 
        treatment approach for blast injuries, with an emphasis 
        on traumatic brain injuries and other consequences of 
        blast injury, including acoustic and eye injuries and 
        injuries resulting from over-pressure wave;
            (2) studies on the incidence of traumatic brain 
        injuries attributable to blast injury in soldiers 
        returning from combat;
            (3) studies to develop protocols for medical 
        tracking of members of the Armed Forces for up to five 
        years following blast injuries; and
            (4) studies to refine and improve educational 
        interventions for blast injury survivors and their 
        families.
    (f) Training.--The executive agent designated under 
subsection (a), in coordination with the Director of the Joint 
IED Defeat Task Force, shall develop training protocols for 
medical and non-medical personnel on the prevention, 
mitigation, and treatment of blast injuries. Those protocols 
shall be intended to improve field and clinical training on 
early identification of blast injury consequences, both seen 
and unseen, including traumatic brain injuries, acoustic 
injuries, and internal injuries.
    (g) Information Sharing.--The executive agent designated 
under subsection (a) shall make available the results of 
relevant medical research and development projects and studies 
to--
            (1) Department of Defense programs focused on--
                    (A) promoting the exchange of blast health 
                hazards data with blast characterization data 
                and blast modeling and simulation tools; and
                    (B) encouraging the incorporation of blast 
                hazards data into design and operational 
                features of blast detection, mitigation, and 
                defeat capabilities, such as comprehensive 
                armor systems which provide blast, ballistic, 
                and fire protection for the head, neck, ears, 
                eyes, torso, and extremities; and
            (2) traumatic brain injury treatment programs to 
        enhance the evaluation and care of members of the Armed 
        Forces with traumatic brain injuries in medical 
        facilities in the United States and in deployed medical 
        facilities, including those outside the Department of 
        Defense.
    (h) Reports on Blast Injury Matters.--
            (1) Reports required.--Not later than 270 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
        annually thereafter through 2008, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives a report on the efforts 
        and programs of the Department of Defense relating to 
        the prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast 
        injuries.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the activities 
                undertaken under this section during the two 
                years preceding the report to improve the 
                prevention, mitigation, and treatment of blast 
                injuries.
                    (B) A consolidated budget presentation for 
                Department of Defense biomedical research 
                efforts and studies related to blast injury for 
                the two fiscal years following the year of the 
                report.
                    (C) A description of any gaps in the 
                capabilities of the Department and any plans to 
                address such gaps within biomedical research 
                related to blast injury, blast injury 
                diagnostic and treatment programs, and blast 
                injury tracking and monitoring activities.
                    (D) A description of collaboration, if any, 
                with other departments and agencies of the 
                Federal Government, and with other countries, 
                during the two years preceding the report in 
                efforts for the prevention, mitigation, and 
                treatment of blast injuries.
                    (E) A description of any efforts during the 
                two years preceding the report to disseminate 
                findings on the diagnosis and treatment of 
                blast injuries through civilian and military 
                research and medical communities.
                    (F) A description of the status of efforts 
                during the two years preceding the report to 
                incorporate blast injury effects data into 
                appropriate programs of the Department of 
                Defense and into the development of 
                comprehensive force protection systems that are 
                effective in confronting blast, ballistic, and 
                fire threats.
    (i) Deadline for Designation of Executive Agent.--The 
Secretary shall make the designation required by subsection (a) 
not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (j) Blast Injuries Defined.--In this section, the term 
``blast injuries'' means injuries that occur as the result of 
the detonation of high explosives, including vehicle-borne and 
person-borne explosive devices, rocket-propelled grenades, and 
improvised explosive devices.
    (k) Executive Agent Defined.--In this section, the term 
``executive agent'' has the meaning provided such term in 
Department of Defense Directive 5101.1.

SEC. 257. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR ANNUAL REPORT ON DARPA 
                    PROGRAM TO AWARD CASH PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
                    TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Subsection (e) of section 2374a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than March 1 each year, 
the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
activities undertaken by the Director of the Defense Advanced 
Research Projects Agency during the preceding fiscal year under 
the authority of this section.
    ``(2) The report for a fiscal year under this subsection 
shall include the following:
            ``(A) The results of consultations between the 
        Director and officials of the military departments 
        regarding the areas of research, technology 
        development, or prototype development for which prizes 
        would be awarded under the program under this section.
            ``(B) A description of the proposed goals of the 
        competitions established under the program, including 
        the areas of research, technology development, or 
        prototype development to be promoted by such 
        competitions and the relationship of such areas to the 
        military missions of the Department.
            ``(C) The total amount of cash prizes awarded under 
        the program, including a description of the manner in 
        which the amounts of cash prizes awarded and claimed 
        were allocated among the accounts of the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency for recording as 
        obligations and expenditures.
            ``(D) The methods used for the solicitation and 
        evaluation of submissions under the program, together 
        with an assessment of the effectiveness of such 
        methods.
            ``(E) A description of the resources, including 
        personnel and funding, used in the execution of the 
        program, together with a detailed description of the 
        activities for which such resources were used.
            ``(F) A description of any plans to transition the 
        technologies or prototypes developed as a result of the 
        program into acquisition programs of the Department.''.

SEC. 258. DESIGNATION OF FACILITIES AND RESOURCES CONSTITUTING THE 
                    MAJOR RANGE AND TEST FACILITY BASE.

    (a) Department of Defense Test Resource Management 
Center.--Section 196(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Director of Operational Test and 
Evaluation'' and inserting ``Secretary of Defense''.
    (b) Institutional Funding of Test and Evaluation 
Activities.--Section 232(b)(1) of the Bob Stump National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-
314; 116 Stat. 2490) is amended by striking ``Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
Defense''.

SEC. 259. REPORT ON COOPERATION BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND 
                    NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ON 
                    RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION 
                    ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and 
the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration shall jointly submit to Congress a report 
setting forth the recommendations of the Secretary and the 
Administrator regarding cooperative activities between the 
Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration related to research, development, test, and 
evaluation on areas of mutual interest to the Department and 
the Administration.
    (b) Areas Covered.--The areas of mutual interest to the 
Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration referred to in subsection (a) may include the 
following:
            (1) Aeronautics research.
            (2) Facilities, personnel, and support 
        infrastructure.
            (3) Propulsion and power technologies.
            (4) Space access and operations, including 
        responsive launch and small satellite development.

SEC. 260. DELAYED EFFECTIVE DATE FOR LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF 
                    SYSTEMS NOT GPS-EQUIPPED.

    (a) Delayed Effective Date.--Section 152(b) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (10 U.S.C. 2281 
note) is amended by striking ``After September 30, 2005'' and 
inserting ``After September 30, 2007''.
    (b) Ratification of Actions.--The amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall be deemed to have taken effect at the 
close of September 30, 2005, and any obligation or expenditure 
of funds by the Department of Defense during the period 
beginning on October 1, 2005, and ending on the date of the 
enactment of this Act to modify or procure a Department of 
Defense aircraft, ship, armored vehicle, or indirect-fire 
weapon system that is not equipped with a Global Positioning 
System receiver is hereby ratified with respect to the 
provision of law specified in subsection (a).

SEC. 261. REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF ROBOTICS AND UNMANNED GROUND 
                    VEHICLE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than nine months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
development and utilization of robotics and unmanned ground 
vehicle systems by the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of the utilization of robotics 
        and unmanned ground vehicle systems in current military 
        operations.
            (2) A description of the manner in which the 
        development of robotics and unmanned ground vehicle 
        systems capabilities supports current major acquisition 
        programs of the Department of Defense.
            (3) A description, including budget estimates, of 
        all Department programs and activities on robotics and 
        unmanned ground vehicle systems for fiscal years 2004 
        through 2012, including the Joint Robotics Program and 
        other programs and activities relating to research, 
        development, test and evaluation, procurement, and 
        operation and maintenance.
            (4) A description of the long-term research and 
        development strategy of the Department on technology 
        for the development and integration of new robotics and 
        unmanned ground vehicle systems capabilities in support 
        of Department missions.
            (5) A description of any planned demonstration or 
        experimentation activities of the Department that will 
        support the development and deployment of robotics and 
        unmanned ground vehicle systems by the Department.
            (6) A statement of the Department organizations 
        currently participating in the development of new 
        robotics or unmanned ground vehicle systems 
        capabilities, including the specific missions of each 
        such organization in such efforts.
            (7) A description of the activities of the 
        Department to collaborate with industry, academia, and 
        other government and nongovernmental organizations in 
        the development of new capabilities in robotics and 
        unmanned ground vehicle systems.
            (8) An assessment of the short-term and long-term 
        ability of the industrial base of the United States to 
        support the production of robotics and unmanned ground 
        vehicle systems to meet Department requirements.
            (9) An assessment of the progress being made to 
        achieve the goal established by section 220(a)(2) of 
        the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 
        106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-38) that, by 2015, one-third 
        of operational ground combat vehicles be unmanned.
            (10) An assessment of international research, 
        technology, and military capabilities in robotics and 
        unmanned ground vehicle systems.
            (11) A description of the role and placement of the 
        Joint Robotics Program in the Department.
            (12) A description of the mechanisms of the 
        Department for coordinating pre-systems development and 
        demonstration funding for robotics and unmanned ground 
        vehicle systems.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.
Sec. 302. Working capital funds.
Sec. 303. Other Department of Defense programs.

                  Subtitle B--Environmental Provisions

Sec. 311. Elimination and simplification of certain items required in 
          the annual report on environmental quality programs and other 
          environmental activities.
Sec. 312. Payment of certain private cleanup costs in connection with 
          Defense Environmental Restoration Program.

                 Subtitle C--Workplace and Depot Issues

Sec. 321. Modification of authority of Army working-capital funded 
          facilities to engage in cooperative activities with non-Army 
          entities.
Sec. 322. Limitation on transition of funding for east coast shipyards 
          from funding through Navy working capital fund to direct 
          funding.
Sec. 323. Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative 
          matters.
Sec. 324. Sense of Congress regarding depot maintenance.

              Subtitle D--Extension of Program Authorities

Sec. 331. Extension of authority to provide logistics support and 
          services for weapons systems contractors.
Sec. 332. Extension of period for reimbursement for certain protective, 
          safety, or health equipment purchased by or for members of the 
          Armed Forces deployed in contingency operations.

                         Subtitle E--Outsourcing

Sec. 341. Public-private competition.
Sec. 342. Contracting for procurement of certain supplies and services.
Sec. 343. Performance of certain work by Federal Government employees.
Sec. 344. Extension of temporary authority for contractor performance of 
          security-guard functions.

              Subtitle F--Analysis, Strategies, and Reports

Sec. 351. Report on Department of Army programs for prepositioning of 
          equipment and other materiel.
Sec. 352. Reports on budget models used for base operations support, 
          sustainment, and facilities recapitalization.
Sec. 353. Army training strategy for brigade-based combat teams and 
          functional supporting brigades.
Sec. 354. Report regarding effect on military readiness of undocumented 
          immigrants trespassing upon operational ranges.
Sec. 355. Report regarding management of Army lodging.
Sec. 356. Comptroller General report on corrosion prevention and 
          mitigation programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 357. Study on use of biodiesel and ethanol fuel.
Sec. 358. Report on effects of windmill farms on military readiness.
Sec. 359. Report on space-available travel for certain disabled veterans 
          and gray-area retirees.
Sec. 360. Report on joint field training and experimentation on 
          stability, security, transition, and reconstruction 
          operations.
Sec. 361. Reports on budgeting relating to sustainment of key military 
          equipment.
Sec. 362. Repeal of Air Force report on military installation 
          encroachment issues.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Supervision and management of Defense Business Transformation 
          Agency.
Sec. 372. Codification and revision of limitation on modification of 
          major items of equipment scheduled for retirement or disposal.
Sec. 373. Limitation on purchase of investment items with operation and 
          maintenance funds.
Sec. 374. Operation and use of general gift funds of the Department of 
          Defense and Coast Guard.
Sec. 375. Inclusion of packet based telephony in Department of Defense 
          telecommunications benefit.
Sec. 376. Limitation on financial management improvement and audit 
          initiatives within Department of Defense.
Sec. 377. Provision of welfare of special category residents at Naval 
          Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 378. Commemoration of success of the Armed Forces in Operation 
          Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

                Subtitle H--Utah Test and Training Range

Sec. 381. Definitions.
Sec. 382. Military operations and overflights, Utah Test and Training 
          Range.
Sec. 383. Analysis of military readiness and operational impacts in 
          planning process for Federal lands in Utah Test and Training 
          Range.
Sec. 384. Designation and management of Cedar Mountain Wilderness, Utah.
Sec. 385. Relation to other lands.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDING.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities 
and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not 
otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, in 
amounts as follows:
            (1) For the Army, $24,686,295,000.
            (2) For the Navy, $30,538,089,000.
            (3) For the Marine Corps, $3,809,526,000.
            (4) For the Air Force, $31,117,136,000.
            (5) For Defense-wide activities, $18,550,169,000.
            (6) For the Army Reserve, $1,992,542,000.
            (7) For the Navy Reserve, $1,237,295,000.
            (8) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $198,034,000.
            (9) For the Air Force Reserve, $2,487,786,000.
            (10) For the Army National Guard, $4,478,319,000.
            (11) For the Air National Guard, $4,701,991,000.
            (12) For the United States Court of Appeals for the 
        Armed Forces, $11,236,000.
            (13) For Environmental Restoration, Army, 
        $407,865,000.
            (14) For Environmental Restoration, Navy, 
        $305,275,000.
            (15) For Environmental Restoration, Air Force, 
        $406,461,000.
            (16) For Environmental Restoration, Defense-wide, 
        $28,167,000.
            (17) For Environmental Restoration, Formerly Used 
        Defense Sites, $261,921,000.
            (18) For Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic 
        Aid programs, $61,546,000.
            (19) For Cooperative Threat Reduction programs, 
        $415,459,000.
            (20) For the Overseas Contingency Operations 
        Transfer Fund, $20,000,000.

SEC. 302. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities 
and agencies of the Department of Defense for providing capital 
for working capital and revolving funds in amounts as follows:
            (1) For the Defense Working Capital Funds, 
        $316,340,000.
            (2) For the National Defense Sealift Fund, 
        $1,657,717,000.
            (3) For the Defense Working Capital Fund, Defense 
        Commissary, $1,155,000,000.

SEC. 303. OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Defense Health Program.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2006 for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for the Defense 
Health Program, in the amount of $19,892,594,000, of which--
            (1) $19,348,119,000 is for Operation and 
        Maintenance;
            (2) $169,156,000 is for Research, Development, 
        Test, and Evaluation; and
            (3) $375,319,000 is for Procurement.
    (b) Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--Funds are 
        hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
        of Defense for fiscal year 2006 for expenses, not 
        otherwise provided for, for Chemical Agents and 
        Munitions Destruction, Defense, in the amount of 
        $1,425,827,000, of which--
                    (A) $1,241,514,000 is for Operation and 
                Maintenance;
                    (B) $67,786,000 is for Research, 
                Development, Test, and Evaluation; and
                    (C) $116,527,000 is for Procurement.
            (2) Use.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated 
        under paragraph (1) are authorized for--
                    (A) the destruction of lethal chemical 
                agents and munitions in accordance with section 
                1412 of the Department of Defense Authorization 
                Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
                    (B) the destruction of chemical warfare 
                materiel of the United States that is not 
                covered by section 1412 of such Act.
    (c) Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-
Wide.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2006 for expenses, not 
otherwise provided for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug 
Activities, Defense-wide, in the amount of $901,741,000.
    (d) Defense Inspector General.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal 
year 2006 for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for the 
Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, 
in the amount of $209,687,000, of which--
            (1) $208,687,000 is for Operation and Maintenance; 
        and
            (2) $1,000,000 is for Procurement.

                  Subtitle B--Environmental Provisions

SEC. 311. ELIMINATION AND SIMPLIFICATION OF CERTAIN ITEMS REQUIRED IN 
                    THE ANNUAL REPORT ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY PROGRAMS 
                    AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVITIES.

    Section 2706(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E);
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
        following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) A summary of fines and penalties imposed or 
        assessed against the Department of Defense and the 
        military departments under Federal, State, or local 
        environmental laws during the fiscal year in which the 
        report is submitted and the four preceding fiscal 
        years, which summary shall include--
                    ``(i) a trend analysis of such fines and 
                penalties for military installations inside and 
                outside the United States; and
                    ``(ii) a list of such fines or penalties 
                that exceeded $1,000,000 and the provisions of 
                law under which such fines or penalties were 
                imposed or assessed.''; and
            (3) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as 
        subparagraph (E) and, in such subparagraph, by striking 
        ``and amounts for conferences'' and all that follows 
        through ``such activities''.

SEC. 312. PAYMENT OF CERTAIN PRIVATE CLEANUP COSTS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                    DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Activities at Former Defense Property Subject to 
Covenant for Additional Remedial Action.--Section 2701(d) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``any owner of covenant 
                property,'' after ``any Indian tribe,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``owner,'' after ``, 
                Indian tribe,'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``An agreement under such 
        paragraph with respect to a site also may not change 
        the cleanup standards selected for the site pursuant to 
        law.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) The term `owner of covenant property' 
                means an owner of property subject to a 
                covenant provided by the United States in 
                accordance with the requirements of paragraphs 
                (3) and (4) of section 120(h) of CERCLA (42 
                U.S.C. 9620(h)), so long as the covenant 
                property is the site at which the services 
                procured under paragraph (1) are to be 
                performed.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(5) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection 
        affects the applicability of section 120 of CERCLA (42 
        U.S.C. 6920) to the Department of Defense or the 
        obligations and responsibilities of the Department of 
        Defense under subsection (h) of such section.''.
    (b) Source of Funds for Former BRAC Property Subject to 
Covenant for Additional Remedial Action.--Section 2703 of such 
title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``The sole 
        source'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
        subsection (h), the sole source''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h) Sole Source of Funds for Environmental Remediation at 
Certain Base Realignment and Closure Sites.--In the case of 
property disposed of pursuant to a base closure law and subject 
to a covenant that was required to be provided by paragraphs 
(3) and (4) of section 120(h) of CERCLA (42 U.S.C. 9620(h)), 
the sole source of funds for services procured under subsection 
2701(d)(1) of this title shall be the applicable Department of 
Defense base closure account. The limitation in this subsection 
shall expire upon the closure of the applicable base closure 
account.''.

                 Subtitle C--Workplace and Depot Issues

SEC. 321. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF ARMY WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDED 
                    FACILITIES TO ENGAGE IN COOPERATIVE ACTIVITIES WITH 
                    NON-ARMY ENTITIES.

    (a) Applicability of Sunset.--Subsection (j) of section 
4544 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``September 30, 2009,'' and all that follows through the end 
and inserting ``September 30, 2009.''.
    (b) Crediting of Proceeds of Sale of Articles and 
Services.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection 
        (e)'' and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), 
        (h), (i), and (j) as subsections (f), (g), (h), (i), 
        (j), and (k) respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
        new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Proceeds Credited to Working Capital Fund.--The 
proceeds received from the sale of an article or service 
pursuant to a contract or other cooperative arrangement under 
this section shall be credited to the working capital fund that 
incurs the cost of manufacturing the article or performing the 
service.''; and
            (4) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2), by striking ``subsection (e)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (f)''.

SEC. 322. LIMITATION ON TRANSITION OF FUNDING FOR EAST COAST SHIPYARDS 
                    FROM FUNDING THROUGH NAVY WORKING CAPITAL FUND TO 
                    DIRECT FUNDING.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not convert 
funding for the shipyards of the Navy on the east coast of the 
United States from funding through the working capital fund of 
the Navy to funding on a direct basis (also known as ``mission 
funding'') before October 1, 2006.
    (b) Report on Direct Funding for Puget Sound Naval 
Shipyard.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2006, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that contains the assessment of the 
        Secretary on the effects on Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, 
        Washington, of the conversion of that shipyard from 
        funding through the working capital fund of the Navy to 
        funding on a direct basis.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The report under 
        paragraph (1) shall address the effect of the 
        conversion of Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to direct 
        funding on each of the following:
                    (A) The cost visibility of specific work 
                performed.
                    (B) The total cost of consolidated ship 
                maintenance operations on an ongoing basis.
                    (C) The ability to distinguish between 
                depot and intermediate work of consolidated 
                ship maintenance activities.
                    (D) The costs associated with buyout 
                expenses for the transfer of the shipyards of 
                the Navy on the east coast of the United States 
                from funding through the working capital fund 
                of the Navy to funding on a direct basis.
                    (E) The flexibility of the shipyard to 
                continue routine ship maintenance operations 
                during a potential funding gap at the beginning 
                of a fiscal year or when expected maintenance 
                costs exceed annual appropriations.
                    (F) Operational and financial flexibility 
                and responsiveness of funding on a direct basis 
                compared to funding through the working capital 
                fund of the Navy.
                    (G) Long-term funding for the capital 
                improvement programs of the shipyard.
                    (H) Compliance with section 2460 of title 
                10, United States Code, which defines the work 
                that is considered to be depot-level 
                maintenance and repair versus work that is 
                considered to be a major modification of a 
                weapons system.
                    (I) Compliance with section 2466 of title 
                10, United States Code, which limits the amount 
                of depot-level maintenance and repair workload 
                of the Department of Navy that is performed by 
                non-Federal Government personnel in any fiscal 
                year to not more than 50 percent of the total 
                depot workload reported to the Department in 
                that fiscal year.
                    (J) Compliance with sections 1115 and 1116 
                of title 31, United States Code, which require 
                agencies to set annual performance goals, 
                measure performance toward the achievement of 
                those goals, and publicly report on progress.
                    (K) Compliance with chapter 35 of title 31, 
                United States Code, which requires audited 
                financial statements to include the ability to 
                properly charge and account for reimbursable 
                workload.
            (3) Government accountability office review.--Not 
        later than 60 days after the date on which the report 
        required under paragraph (1) is submitted, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a review of the report, which shall 
        include the Comptroller General's assessment of whether 
        the report adequately addresses each of the matters 
        specified under paragraph (2).
    (c) Report on Proposed Congressional Budget Exhibits for 
Navy Mission-Funded Shipyards.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2006, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that proposes congressional budget 
        exhibits for use in connection with the funding of Navy 
        shipyards on a direct basis.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The report under 
        paragraph (1) shall comprehensively address the 
        following:
                    (A) The establishment of annual categories, 
                metrics, and measurements to objectively 
                compare the performance of each shipyard over 
                time with respect to the following:
                            (i) Schedule adherence.
                            (ii) Quality of work.
                            (iii) Cost management.
                            (iv) Administrative efficiency.
                            (v) Number of hulls for which 
                        repairs are completed during the fiscal 
                        year.
                            (vi) Number of hulls that are in 
                        the process of being repaired at the 
                        end of the fiscal year.
                    (B) Capital replenishment for each 
                shipyard.
                    (C) Workload indicators to determine 
                whether each shipyard is effectively utilized.
                    (D) Annual budget management reports to 
                enable effective monitoring of each shipyard 
                with respect to the following:
                            (i) Obligation authority from 
                        Department of the Navy accounts, 
                        including operation and maintenance 
                        funds for the Atlantic Fleet, the 
                        Pacific Fleet, and the Naval Sea 
                        Systems Command and procurement funds 
                        for the Navy shipbuilding and 
                        conversion account and the other 
                        procurement accounts.
                            (ii) Obligation authority provided 
                        by reimbursement from non-Department of 
                        the Navy sources, including other 
                        Department of Defense accounts, foreign 
                        military sales accounts, other Federal 
                        Government agency accounts, and non-
                        Federal Government sources.
                            (iii) Costs and expenses of 
                        military personnel, civilian personnel, 
                        materiels, contracts, travel, supplies, 
                        overhead, and other costs.
                            (iv) Capital expenditures.
                            (v) Military construction.
                            (vi) Base operating support.
                            (vii) Facilities sustainment, 
                        restoration, and modernization.
                            (viii) Personnel and labor 
                        management, including military end 
                        strengths, civilian end strengths, 
                        military man-days, and civilian man-
                        days.
            (3) Congressional budget office review.--Not later 
        than 60 days after the date on which the report 
        required under paragraph (1) is submitted, the Director 
        of the Congressional Budget Office shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a review of the 
        report, which shall include the Director's assessment 
        of whether the report comprehensively addresses each of 
        the matters specified in subparagraphs (A) through (D) 
        of paragraph (2).

SEC. 323. ARMAMENT RETOOLING AND MANUFACTURING SUPPORT INITIATIVE 
                    MATTERS.

    (a) Inclusion of Additional Facilities Within ARMS 
Initiative.--Section 4551(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting ``, or a Government-owned, contractor-
operated depot for the storage, maintenance, renovation, or 
demilitarization of ammunition,'' after ``manufacturing 
facility''.
    (b) Additional Consideration for Use of Facilities.--
Section 4554(b)(2) of such title is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) The demilitarization and storage of 
        conventional ammunition.''.
    (c) Additional Policy Objectives With Respect to Ammunition 
Facilities and Capacity.--Section 4552 of such title is amended 
in paragraphs (1) and (8) by inserting ``, storage, 
maintenance, renovation, and demilitarization'' after 
``manufacturing''.
    (d) Broadening of Purpose of ARMS Initiative With Respect 
to Work Force Skills.--Section 4533(b)(3) of such title is 
amended by striking ``in manufacturing processes that are''.

SEC. 324. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING DEPOT MAINTENANCE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Depot Maintenance Strategy and Master Plan 
        of the Air Force reflects the essential requirements 
        for the Air Force to maintain a ready and controlled 
        source of organic technical competence, thereby 
        ensuring an effective and timely response to national 
        defense contingencies and emergency requirements.
            (2) Since the publication of the Depot Maintenance 
        Strategy and Master Plan of the Air Force in 2002, the 
        Air Force has made great progress toward modernizing 
        all three of its depots, in order to maintain the 
        status of those depots as ``world class'' maintenance 
        repair and overhaul operations.
            (3) One of the central components of the Depot 
        Maintenance Strategy and Master Plan of the Air Force 
        is the commitment of the Air Force to allocate 
        $150,000,000 each fiscal year for six years, beginning 
        in fiscal year 2004, for recapitalization and 
        investment, including the procurement of 
        technologically advanced facilities and equipment, of 
        the Nation's three Air Force depots.
            (4) The funds expended to date have ensured that 
        transformation projects, such as the initial 
        implementation of ``Lean'' and ``Six Sigma'' production 
        techniques, have achieved great success in reducing the 
        time necessary to perform depot maintenance on 
        aircraft.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Air Force should be commended for the 
        implementation of its Depot Maintenance Strategy and 
        Master Plan and, in particular, meeting the capital 
        investment strategy pursuant to the Plan; and
            (2) the Air Force should remain committed to the 
        depot maintenance process improvement initiatives and 
        the investments and recapitalization projects pursuant 
        to the Depot Maintenance Strategy and Master Plan.

              Subtitle D--Extension of Program Authorities

SEC. 331. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE LOGISTICS SUPPORT AND 
                    SERVICES FOR WEAPONS SYSTEMS CONTRACTORS.

    Section 365(g)(1) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 
Stat. 2521; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
``September 30, 2007'' and inserting ``September 30, 2010''.

SEC. 332. EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR REIMBURSEMENT FOR CERTAIN PROTECTIVE, 
                    SAFETY, OR HEALTH EQUIPMENT PURCHASED BY OR FOR 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPLOYED IN CONTINGENCY 
                    OPERATIONS.

    (a) Extension.--Section 351(a)(3) of the Ronald W. Reagan 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public 
Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1857) is amended by striking ``July 31, 
2004'' and inserting ``April 1, 2006''.
    (b) Funding.--Amounts for reimbursements made under section 
351 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2005 after the date of the enactment of this 
Act shall be derived from supplemental appropriations for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2006 for military 
operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and the Global War on 
Terrorism, contingent upon such appropriations being enacted.

                        Subtitle E--Outsourcing

SEC. 341. PUBLIC-PRIVATE COMPETITION.

    (a) Public-Private Competition Required Prior to Conversion 
of Certain Department of Defense Functions.--Subsection (a) of 
section 2461 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(a) Public-Private Competition.--(1) A function of the 
Department of Defense performed by 10 or more Department of 
Defense civilian employees may not be converted, in whole or in 
part, to performance by a contractor unless the conversion is 
based on the results of a public-private competition that--
            ``(A) formally compares the cost of performance of 
        the function by Department of Defense civilian 
        employees with the cost of performance by a contractor;
            ``(B) creates an agency tender, including a most 
        efficient organization plan, in accordance with Office 
        of Management and Budget Circular A-76, as implemented 
        on May 29, 2003;
            ``(C) includes the issuance of a solicitation;
            ``(D) determines whether the submitted offers meet 
        the needs of the Department of Defense with respect to 
        factors other than cost, including quality and 
        reliability;
            ``(E) examines the cost of performance of the 
        function by Department of Defense civilian employees 
        and the cost of performance of the function by one or 
        more contractors to demonstrate whether converting to 
        performance by a contractor will result in savings to 
        the Government over the life of the contract, 
        including--
                    ``(i) the estimated cost to the Government 
                (based on offers received) for performance of 
                the function by a contractor;
                    ``(ii) the estimated cost to the Government 
                for performance of the function by Department 
                of Defense civilian employees; and
                    ``(iii) an estimate of all other costs and 
                expenditures that the Government would incur 
                because of the award of such a contract;
            ``(F) requires continued performance of the 
        function by Department of Defense civilian employees 
        unless the difference in the cost of performance of the 
        function by a contractor compared to the cost of 
        performance of the function by Department of Defense 
        civilian employees would, over all performance periods 
        required by the solicitation, be equal to or exceed the 
        lesser of--
                    ``(i) 10 percent of the personnel-related 
                costs for performance of that function in the 
                agency tender; or
                    ``(ii) $10,000,000; and
            ``(G) examines the effect of performance of the 
        function by a contractor on the military mission 
        associated with the performance of the function.
    ``(2) A function that is performed by the Department of 
Defense and is reengineered, reorganized, modernized, upgraded, 
expanded, or changed to become more efficient, but still 
essentially provides the same service, shall not be considered 
a new requirement.
    ``(3) In no case may a function being performed by 
Department of Defense personnel be--
            ``(A) modified, reorganized, divided, or in any way 
        changed for the purpose of exempting the conversion of 
        the function from the requirements of this section; or
            ``(B) converted to performance by a contractor to 
        circumvent a civilian personnel ceiling.''.
    (b) Congressional Notification.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``to analyze'' and all that 
                follows through ``private sector'' and 
                inserting ``a public-private competition under 
                subsection (a)'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``to 
                be analyzed for possible change'' and inserting 
                ``for which such public-private competition is 
                to be conducted'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                ``Department of Defense'' before ``civilian 
                employee'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the 
                analysis'' both places it appears and inserting 
                ``the public-private competition''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (E)--
                            (i) by striking ``commercial or 
                        industrial type'' before ``function''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``persons who are 
                        not civilian employees of the 
                        Department of Defense'' and inserting 
                        ``a contractor'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The report required under paragraph (1) shall include 
an examination the potential economic effect of performance of 
the function by a contractor on--
            ``(A) Department of Defense civilian employees who 
        would be affected by such a conversion in performance; 
        and
            ``(B) the local community and the Government, if 
        more than 50 Department of Defense civilian employees 
        perform the function.'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (3); and
            (4) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``where a 
                        commercial'' and all that follows 
                        through ``performance'' and inserting 
                        ``where a public-private competition is 
                        conducted''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the analysis'' 
                        both places it appears and inserting 
                        ``the public private competition''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the 
                commercial'' and all that follows through ``to 
                which objected'' and inserting ``the function 
                for which the public-private competition was 
                conducted for which the objection was 
                submitted''.
    (c) Consolidation and Restatement of Reporting 
Provisions.--
            (1) Consolidation and restatement.--Section 2462 of 
        such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2462. Reports on public-private competition

    ``(a) Report on Public-Private Competition Results.--(1) 
Upon the completion of a public-private competition under 
section 2461 of this title, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a report containing the results of the 
public-private competition required by subsection (a) of such 
section.
    ``(2) Each report under this subsection shall include the 
following:
            ``(A) The date on which the public-private 
        competition was commenced.
            ``(B) The number of Department of Defense civilian 
        employees who were performing the function when the 
        public-private competition was commenced and the number 
        of such employees whose employment was or will be 
        terminated or otherwise affected by converting to 
        performance of the function by a contractor or by 
        implementation of the most efficient organization of 
        the function.
            ``(C) The Secretary's certification that the 
        Government's calculation of the cost of performance of 
        the function by Department of Defense civilian 
        employees is based on an estimate of the most cost 
        effective manner for performance of the function by 
        Department of Defense civilian employees that meets the 
        needs of the Department with respect to factors other 
        than cost, including quality and reliability.
            ``(D) The Secretary's certification that the 
        public-private competition did not include any 
        predetermined personnel constraint or limitation in 
        terms of man years, end strength, full-time equivalent 
        positions, or maximum number of employees.
            ``(E) The Secretary's certification that the entire 
        public-private competition is available for 
        examination.
            ``(F) In the case of a function performed at a 
        Center of Industrial and Technical Excellence 
        designated under section 2474(a) of this title or an 
        Army ammunition plant, a description of the effect that 
        the manner of performance of the function, and 
        administration of the resulting contract if any, will 
        have on the overhead costs of the center or ammunition 
        plant, as the case may be.
            ``(G) A schedule for implementing the results of 
        the public-private competition.
    ``(3)(A) No decision made on the basis of a public-private 
competition under section 2461 of this title may be implemented 
until after the submission of a report under paragraph (1).
    ``(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), in the case of 
function performed at a Center of Industrial and Technical 
Excellence designated under section 2474(a) of this title or an 
Army ammunition plant, the conversion of the function to 
performance by a contractor may not begin until at least 60 
days after the submission of a report under paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Annual Report.--Not later than June 30 of each year, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a written 
report, which shall include the following:
            ``(1) An estimate of the percentage of functions 
        (other than functions that are inherently governmental) 
        that Department of Defense civilian employees will 
        perform and an estimate of the percentage of such 
        functions that contractors will perform during the 
        fiscal year during which the report is submitted.
            ``(2) The results of public-private competitions 
        conducted under section 2461 of this title that were 
        completed during the preceding fiscal year, including 
        each of the following:
                    ``(A) The number of such competitions 
                completed during such fiscal year and the 
                number of Department of Defense civilian 
                employees performing functions for which such a 
                competition was conducted.
                    ``(B) The percentage of such competitions 
                that resulted in the continued performance of a 
                function by Department of Defense civilian 
                employees.
                    ``(C) The percentage of such competitions 
                that resulted in the conversion of a function 
                to performance by a contractor.
                    ``(D) The percentage of the Department of 
                Defense civilian employees identified pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A) whose positions will be 
                converted to performance by contractors or 
                eliminated as a result of implementing the 
                results of such competitions.
            ``(3) The results of monitoring the performance of 
        Department functions under section 2461a of this title, 
        including for each function subject to monitoring, each 
        of the following:
                    ``(A) The cost of the public-private 
                competition conducted under section 2461 of 
                this title.
                    ``(B) The cost of performing the function 
                before such competition compared to the costs 
                incurred after implementing the conversion, 
                reorganization, or reengineering actions 
                recommended pursuant to the competition.
                    ``(C) The actual savings derived from the 
                implementation of the recommendations made 
                pursuant to such competition, if any, compared 
                to the anticipated savings that were to result 
                from the conversion, reorganization, or 
                reengineering actions.''.
            (2) Waiver for small functions and conforming 
        amendments.--Section 2461 of such title, as amended by 
        subsections (a) and (b), is further amended--
                    (A) by striking subsections (c), (d), (f) 
                and (g); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (e) and 
                (h) as subsections (c) and (d) respectively.
            (3) Correction of terminology.--The heading for 
        subsection (c) of such section, as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), is amended by striking ``Waiver'' and 
        inserting ``Exemption''.
    (d) Performance Monitoring.--Section 2461a of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (a), (c), and (d);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (e) as 
        subsections (a) and (b) respectively;
            (3) in subsection (a), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``establish a 
                        system for monitoring'' and inserting 
                        ``monitor''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``a workforce 
                        review'' and inserting ``a public-
                        private competition conducted under 
                        section 2461 of this title'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking all and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(2) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) compare the cost of performing the function 
        before the public-private competition to the cost of 
        performing the function after the implementation of the 
        results of the public-private competition; and
            ``(B) identify any actual savings of the Department 
        of Defense after the implementation of the results of 
        the public-private competition and compare such savings 
        to the estimated savings identified pursuant to section 
        2461(a)(1)(E) of this title for that public-private 
        competition;''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting 
                ``pursuant to such a public-private 
                competition'' after ``reengineering of the 
                function''; and
            (4) in subsection (b), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``workforce reviews'' and inserting ``public-
        private competitions conducted under section 2461 of 
        this title''.
    (e) Inapplicability to Best-Value Source Selection Pilot 
Program.--Subsection (a)(1)(E) of section 2461 of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), shall not 
apply with respect to the pilot program for best-value source 
selection for performance of information technology services 
authorized by section 336 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1444; 
10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
    (f) Repeal of Redundant Provision.--Section 2463 of such 
title is repealed.
    (g) Clerical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 2461.--Section 2461(c) of such title, 
        as redesignated by subsection (c), is amended by 
        striking ``Subsections (a) through (c) and subsection 
        (g)'' and inserting ``This section''.
            (2) Headings.--
                    (A) 2461.--The heading for section 2461 of 
                such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2461. Public-private competition required before conversion to 
                    contractor performance''.

                    (B) 2461(b).--The heading for subsection 
                (b) of such section is amended to read as 
                follows:
    ``(b) Congressional Notification.--''.
                    (C) 2461a.--The heading for section 2461a 
                of such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2461a. Development and implementation of system for monitoring 
                    cost saving resulting from public-private 
                    competitions''.

            (3) Public law 108-375.--Section 327 of the Ronald 
        W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note) is 
        repealed.
            (4) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 146 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking the items relating to 
        sections 2461 through 2463 and inserting the following 
        new items:

``2461. Public-private competition required before conversion to 
          contractor performance.
``2461a. Development and implementation of system for monitoring cost 
          saving resulting from public-private competitions.
``2462. Reports on public-private competition.''.

SEC. 342. CONTRACTING FOR PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN SUPPLIES AND SERVICES.

    Section 8014(a)(3) of the Department of Defense 
Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public law 108-287; 118 Stat. 972) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, payment 
        that could be used in lieu of such a plan, health 
        savings account, or medical savings account'' after 
        ``health insurance plan''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``that 
        requires'' and all that follows through the end and 
        inserting ``that does not comply with the requirements 
        of any Federal law governing the provision of health 
        care benefits by Government contractors that would be 
        applicable if the contractor performed the activity or 
        function under the contract.''.

SEC. 343. PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN WORK BY FEDERAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Guidelines.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        prescribe guidelines and procedures for ensuring that 
        consideration is given to using Federal Government 
        employees for work that is currently performed or would 
        otherwise be performed under Department of Defense 
        contracts.
            (2) Criteria.--The guidelines and procedures 
        prescribed under paragraph (1) shall provide for 
        special consideration to be given to contracts that--
                    (A) have been performed by Federal 
                Government employees at any time on or after 
                October 1, 1980;
                    (B) are associated with the performance of 
                inherently governmental functions;
                    (C) were not awarded on a competitive 
                basis; or
                    (D) have been determined by a contracting 
                officer to be poorly performed due to excessive 
                costs or inferior quality.
    (b) Use of Flexible Hiring Authority.--The Secretary shall 
include the use of the flexible hiring authority available 
through the National Security Personnel System in order to 
facilitate performance by Federal Government employees of new 
requirements and work that is performed under Department of 
Defense contracts.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``National Security Personnel System'' 
        means the human resources management system established 
        under the authority of section 9902 of title 5, United 
        States Code.
            (2) The term ``inherently governmental function'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 5 of the 
        Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act of 1998 (Public 
        Law 105-270; 112 Stat. 2384; 31 U.S.C. 501 note).

SEC. 344. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY FOR CONTRACTOR PERFORMANCE 
                    OF SECURITY-GUARD FUNCTIONS.

    Section 332(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 
Stat. 2513) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2006'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``2007''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, except that'' 
        and all that follows through the end and inserting a 
        period.

             Subtitle F--Analysis, Strategies, and Reports

SEC. 351. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF ARMY PROGRAMS FOR PREPOSITIONING OF 
                    EQUIPMENT AND OTHER MATERIEL.

    (a) Secretary of Army Assessment.--The Secretary of the 
Army shall conduct an assessment of the programs of the 
Department of Army for the prepositioning of equipment and 
other materiel stocks. The assessment shall focus on how such 
programs are configured to support the evolving goals of the 
Department of Army and shall include an identification of each 
of the following:
            (1) The key operational capabilities currently 
        available in both the afloat and ashore prepositioned 
        stocks of the Army, organized by geographic region, 
        including inventory levels in brigade sets, operational 
        projects, and sustainment programs.
            (2) Any significant shortfalls that exist in such 
        stocks, particularly in combat and support equipment, 
        spare parts, and munitions, and how the Army would 
        mitigate those shortfalls in the event of a new 
        conflict.
            (3) The maintenance condition of prepositioned 
        equipment and supplies, especially the key ``pacing'' 
        items in brigade sets, including the percentage 
        currently maintained at the Technical Manual -10/20 
        standard required by the Army.
            (4) The percentage of required cyclic maintenance 
        performed on all stocks for each of fiscal years 2003, 
        2004, and 2005, and the quality control procedures used 
        to ensure that such maintenance was completed according 
        to Army standards.
            (5) Whether the oversight mechanisms and internal 
        management reports of the Army with respect to such 
        stocks are adequate and ensure an accurate portrayal of 
        the readiness of such stocks.
            (6) The funding allocated and expended for 
        prepositioning programs for each fiscal year beginning 
        with fiscal year 2000, organized by region, and an 
        assessment of whether the funding levels for such 
        programs have been adequate to maintain program 
        readiness.
            (7) The facilities used to store and maintain 
        brigade sets, organized by region, and whether those 
        facilities provide adequate (or excess) capacity for 
        the current and future mission.
            (8) The current funding for the war reserve, the 
        sufficiency of the war reserve inventory, and the 
        effect of the war reserve on the ability of the Army to 
        conduct operations.
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2006, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report on the assessment under 
subsection (a). The report shall include each of the matters 
specified in paragraphs (1) through (8) of that subsection.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 120 days 
after the date of the receipt of the report under subsection 
(b), the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a review 
of the assessment conducted by the Secretary of the Army under 
subsection (a). The review under this subsection shall include 
the following:
            (1) The Comptroller General's assessment of whether 
        the assessment by the Secretary of the Army under 
        subsection (a) comprehensively addresses each of the 
        matters specified in paragraphs (1) through (8) of that 
        subsection.
            (2) The extent to which any shortfall or other 
        issue reported by the Secretary of the Army or 
        identified by the Comptroller General has been 
        addressed and an assessment of any plan to address any 
        remaining such shortfalls in the future.

SEC. 352. REPORTS ON BUDGET MODELS USED FOR BASE OPERATIONS SUPPORT, 
                    SUSTAINMENT, AND FACILITIES RECAPITALIZATION.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than March 30 of each of 
the calendar years 2006 through 2010, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
describing the models used to prepare the budget requests for 
base operations support, sustainment, and facilities 
recapitalization submitted to Congress by the President under 
section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for the next 
fiscal year.
    (b) Content of Reports.--The report for a fiscal year under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) An explanation of the methodology used to 
        develop each model and, if there have been any changes 
        to the methodology since the previous report, an 
        explanation of the changes and the reasons therefor.
            (2) A description of the items contained in each 
        model.
            (3) An explanation of whether the models are being 
        applied to each military department and Defense Agency 
        under common definitions of base operations support, 
        sustainment, and facilities recapitalization and, if 
        common definitions are not being used, an explanation 
        of the differences and the reasons therefor.
            (4) A description of the requested funding levels 
        for base operations support, sustainment, and 
        facilities recapitalization for the fiscal year covered 
        by the report and the funding goals established for 
        base operations support, sustainment, and facilities 
        recapitalization for at least the four succeeding 
        fiscal years.
            (5) If the requested funding levels for base 
        operations support, sustainment, and facilities 
        recapitalization for the fiscal year covered by the 
        report deviate from the goals for that fiscal year 
        contained in the preceding report, or the funding goals 
        established for succeeding fiscal years deviate from 
        the goals for those fiscal years contained in the 
        preceding report, a justification for the funding 
        levels and goals and an explanation of the reasons for 
        the changes from the preceding report.

SEC. 353. ARMY TRAINING STRATEGY FOR BRIGADE-BASED COMBAT TEAMS AND 
                    FUNCTIONAL SUPPORTING BRIGADES.

    (a) Training Strategy.--
            (1) Strategy required.--The Secretary of the Army 
        shall develop and implement a strategy for the training 
        of brigade-based combat teams and functional supporting 
        brigades in order to ensure the readiness of such teams 
        and brigades.
            (2) Elements.--The training strategy under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A statement of the purpose of training 
                for brigade-based combat teams and functional 
                supporting brigades.
                    (B) Performance goals for both active-
                component and reserve-component brigade-based 
                combat teams and functional supporting 
                brigades, including goals for live, virtual, 
                and constructive training.
                    (C) Metrics to quantify training 
                performance against the performance goals 
                specified under subparagraph (B).
                    (D) A process to report the status of 
                collective training to Army leadership for 
                monitoring the training performance of brigade-
                based combat teams and functional supporting 
                brigades.
                    (E) A model to quantify, and to forecast, 
                operation and maintenance funding required for 
                each fiscal year to attain the performance 
                goals specified under subparagraph (B).
            (3) Timing of implementation.--The Secretary of the 
        Army shall develop and implement the training strategy 
        under paragraph (1) as soon as practicable.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the training strategy developed 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A discussion of the training strategy 
                developed under subsection (a), including a 
                description of the performance goals and 
                metrics developed under that subsection.
                    (B) A discussion and description of the 
                training ranges and other essential elements 
                required to support the training strategy.
                    (C) A list of the funding requirements, 
                shown by fiscal year and set forth in a format 
                consistent with the future-years defense 
                program to accompany the budget of the 
                President under section 221 of title 10, United 
                States Code, necessary to meet the requirements 
                of the training ranges and other essential 
                elements described under subparagraph (B).
                    (D) A schedule for the implementation of 
                the training strategy.
    (c) Comptroller General Review of Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General shall 
        monitor the implementation of the training strategy 
        developed under subsection (a).
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        on which the Secretary of the Army submits the report 
        under subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        containing the assessment of the Comptroller General of 
        the current progress of the Army in implementing the 
        training strategy.

SEC. 354. REPORT REGARDING EFFECT ON MILITARY READINESS OF UNDOCUMENTED 
                    IMMIGRANTS TRESPASSING UPON OPERATIONAL RANGES.

    (a) Report Containing Assessment and Response Plan.--Not 
later than April 15, 2006, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a report containing--
            (1) an assessment of the impact on military 
        readiness caused by undocumented immigrants whose entry 
        into the United States involves trespassing upon 
        operational ranges of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) a plan for the implementation of measures to 
        prevent such trespass.
    (b) Preparation and Elements of Assessment.--The assessment 
required by subsection (a)(1) shall be prepared by the 
Secretary of Defense. The assessment shall include the 
following:
            (1) A listing of the operational ranges adversely 
        affected by the trespass of undocumented immigrants 
        upon operational ranges.
            (2) A description of the types of range activities 
        affected by such trespass.
            (3) A determination of the amount of time lost for 
        range activities, and the increased costs incurred, as 
        a result of such trespass.
            (4) An evaluation of the nature and extent of such 
        trespass and means of travel.
            (5) An evaluation of the factors that contribute to 
        the use by undocumented immigrants of operational 
        ranges as a means to enter the United States.
            (6) A description of measures currently in place to 
        prevent such trespass, including the use of barriers to 
        vehicles and persons, military patrols, border patrols, 
        and sensors.
    (c) Preparation and Elements of Plan.--The plan required by 
subsection (a)(2) shall be prepared jointly by the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security. The plan shall 
include the following:
            (1) The types of measures to be implemented to 
        improve prevention of trespass of undocumented 
        immigrants upon operational ranges, including the 
        specific physical methods, such as barriers and 
        increased patrols or monitoring, to be implemented and 
        any legal or other policy changes recommended by the 
        Secretaries.
            (2) The costs of, and timeline for, implementation 
        of the plan.
    (d) Implementation Reports.--Not later than September 15, 
2006, March 15, 2007, September 15, 2007, and March 15, 2008, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
detailing the progress made by the Department of Defense, 
during the period covered by the report, in implementing 
measures recommended in the plan required by subsection (a)(2) 
to prevent undocumented immigrants from trespassing upon 
operational ranges. Each report shall include the number and 
types of mitigation measures implemented and the success of 
such measures in preventing such trespass.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``operational 
range'' and ``range activities'' have the meaning given those 
terms in section 101(e) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 355. REPORT REGARDING MANAGEMENT OF ARMY LODGING.

    (a) Report on Merits and Impacts of Privatization.--The 
Secretary of the Army shall submit to Congress a report 
containing the results of a study evaluating the merits of 
privatization of Army lodging. The study should consider at a 
minimum the following:
            (1) The potential overall costs and benefits of 
        privatization of Army lodging.
            (2) Whether current lodging agreements with the 
        Army and Air Force Exchange Service to provide 
        hospitality telecommunication services would be 
        impacted by privatization and whether the proposed 
        change will have an impact on funds contributed to 
        morale, welfare, and recreation accounts.
            (3) Whether privatization of Army lodging will 
        result in significant cost increases to members of the 
        Armed Forces or other eligible patrons or the loss of 
        such lodging if it is determined that management of 
        such lodging is not a profitable marketing venture.
            (4) Whether privatization of Army lodging will 
        provide ancillary support facilities and services that 
        might impact the Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
        and to what extent such facilities and services may 
        impact the funds contributed to morale, welfare, and 
        recreation accounts.
            (5) The number of Army lodging personnel who would 
        be impacted by privatization and the total personnel-
        related costs that could occur as a result of 
        privatization.
    (b) Army and Air Force Exchange Service Participation in 
Privatization.--The Army and Air Force Exchange Service shall 
submit to Congress a report commenting on the feasibility of 
its participation in privatization of Army lodging. The report 
should include at a minimum the following:
            (1) The potential overall costs and benefits of an 
        Army and Air Force Exchange Service partnership in Army 
        lodging.
            (2) Whether the Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
        can adequately participate as a partner in the 
        management of Army lodging, including whether such 
        participation could enhance the quality of lodging and 
        improve access to such lodging when provided through a 
        nonprofit organization versus a partnership with a for-
        profit corporation.
            (3) Whether there are certain benefits, including 
        cost benefits, to having the Army and Air Force 
        Exchange Service become the partner with the Army that 
        would not exist were the Army to partner with a private 
        sector entity.
            (4) The number of Army lodging personnel who would 
        be impacted by an Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
        partnership and the total personnel related costs that 
        could occur as a result of such partnership.
    (c) Limitation Pending Submission of Report.--Until the 
Secretary of the Army submits the report required by subsection 
(a) to Congress, the Secretary may not solicit or consider any 
request for qualifications that would privatize Army lodging 
beyond the level of privatization identified for inclusion in 
Group A of the Privatization of Army Lodging Initiative.

SEC. 356. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON CORROSION PREVENTION AND 
                    MITIGATION PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2007, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the effectiveness of the corrosion 
prevention and mitigation programs of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the document of the Department 
        of Defense entitled ``Long-Term Strategy to Reduce 
        Corrosion and the Effects of Corrosion on the Military 
        Equipment and Infrastructure of the Department of 
        Defense'' and dated November 2004.
            (2) An assessment of the adequacy for purposes of 
        the strategy set forth in that document of the funding 
        requested in the budgets of the President for fiscal 
        years 2006 and 2007, as submitted to Congress pursuant 
        to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, and 
        the associated Future-Years Defense Program under 
        section 221 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness 
        of the organizational structure of the Department of 
        Defense in implementing that strategy.
            (4) An assessment of the progress made as of the 
        date of the report in establishing throughout the 
        Department common metrics, definitions, and procedures 
        on corrosion prevention and mitigation.
            (5) An assessment of the progress made as of the 
        date of the report in establishing a baseline estimate 
        of the scope of the corrosion problems of the 
        Department.
            (6) An assessment of the extent to which the 
        strategy of the Department on corrosion prevention and 
        mitigation has been revised to incorporate the 
        recommendations contained in the report of the Defense 
        Science Board on corrosion control issued in October 
        2004.
            (7) An assessment of the implementation of the 
        corrosion prevention and mitigation programs of the 
        Department during fiscal year 2006.
            (8) Such recommendations as the Comptroller General 
        considers appropriate for addressing any shortfalls or 
        areas of potential improvement identified in the review 
        for purposes of the report.

SEC. 357. STUDY ON USE OF BIODIESEL AND ETHANOL FUEL.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
study on the use of biodiesel and ethanol fuel by the Armed 
Forces and the Defense Agencies and any measures that can be 
taken to increase such use.
    (b) Elements.--The study shall include--
            (1) an evaluation of the historical utilization of 
        biodiesel and ethanol fuel by the Armed Forces and the 
        Defense Agencies, including the quantity of biodiesel 
        and ethanol fuel acquired by the Department of Defense 
        for the Armed Forces and the Defense Agencies during 
        the 5-year period ending on the date of the report 
        under subsection (c);
            (2) a review and assessment of potential 
        requirements for increased use of biodiesel and ethanol 
        fuel within the Department of Defense and any research 
        and development efforts required to meet those 
        increased requirements;
            (3) based on the review under paragraph (2), a 
        forecast of the requirements of the Armed Forces and 
        the Defense Agencies for biodiesel and ethanol fuels 
        for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2012;
            (4) an assessment of the current and future 
        commercial availability of biodiesel and ethanol fuel, 
        including facilities for the production, storage, 
        transportation, distribution, and commercial sale of 
        such fuel;
            (5) an assessment of the utilization by the 
        Department of Defense of the commercial infrastructure 
        for ethanol fuel as described in paragraph (4);
            (6) a review of the actions of the Department of 
        Defense to coordinate with State, local, and private 
        entities to support the expansion and use of 
        alternative fuel refueling stations that are accessible 
        to the public; and
            (7) an assessment of the fueling infrastructure on 
        military installations in the United States, including 
        storage and distribution facilities, that could be 
        adapted or converted for the delivery of biodiesel and 
        ethanol fuel, including--
                    (A) an assessment of cost of the adaptation 
                or conversion of such infrastructure to the 
                delivery of biodiesel and ethanol fuel; and
                    (B) an assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of that adaptation or conversion.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on the 
study conducted under this section.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``ethanol fuel'' means fuel that is 85 
        percent ethyl alcohol.
            (2) The term ``biodiesel'' means a diesel fuel 
        substitute produced from nonpetroleum renewable 
        resources that meets the registration requirements for 
        fuels and fuel additives established by the 
        Environmental Protection Agency under section 211 of 
        the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7545).

SEC. 358. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF WINDMILL FARMS ON MILITARY READINESS.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on the 
effects of windmill farms on military readiness, including an 
assessment of the effects on the operations of military radar 
installations of the proximity of windmill farms to such 
installations and of technologies that could mitigate any 
adverse effects on military operations identified.

SEC. 359. REPORT ON SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL FOR CERTAIN DISABLED 
                    VETERANS AND GRAY-AREA RETIREES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to Congress a report on the feasibility of 
providing transportation on Department of Defense aircraft on a 
space-available basis for--
            (1) veterans with a service-connected disability 
        rating of 50 percent or higher;
            (2) members and former members of a reserve 
        component under 60 years of age who, but for age, would 
        be eligible for retired pay under chapter 1223 of title 
        10, United States Code; and
            (3) dependents of persons described in paragraph 
        (1) or (2).
    (b) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare 
the report in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs.

SEC. 360. REPORT ON JOINT FIELD TRAINING AND EXPERIMENTATION ON 
                    STABILITY, SECURITY, TRANSITION, AND RECONSTRUCTION 
                    OPERATIONS.

    Not later than February 1, 2007, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on joint field training and experimentation conducted to 
address matters relating to stability, security, transition, 
and reconstruction operations during fiscal years 2005 and 
2006. The report shall include--
            (1) a description of each such joint field training 
        and experimentation event, including a description of 
        the participation of other Federal departments and 
        agencies and of the participation of allied and 
        coalition partners;
            (2) the findings of the Secretary as a result of 
        such joint field training and experimentation; and
            (3) such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate in light of such joint field training and 
        experimentation, including recommendations with respect 
        to legislative or administrative action and 
        recommendations for any funding required to implement 
        such action.

SEC. 361. REPORTS ON BUDGETING RELATING TO SUSTAINMENT OF KEY MILITARY 
                    EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Reports Required.--In each of 2006, 2007, and 2008, at 
or about the time that the budget of the President is submitted 
to Congress that year under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress 
a report on the budgeting of the Department of Defense for the 
sustainment of key military equipment.
    (b) Report Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) 
for a year shall set forth the following:
            (1) A description of the current strategies of the 
        Department of Defense for sustaining key military 
        equipment, and for any modernization that will be 
        required of such equipment.
            (2) A description of the amounts required for the 
        Department for the fiscal year beginning in such year 
        in order to fully fund the strategies described in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) A description of the amounts requested for the 
        Department for such fiscal year in order to fully fund 
        such strategies.
            (4) A description of the risks, if any, of failing 
        to fund such strategies in the amounts required to 
        fully fund such strategies (as specified in paragraph 
        (2)).
            (5) A description of the actions being taken by the 
        Department of Defense to mitigate the risks described 
        in paragraph (4).
    (c) Key Military Equipment Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``key military equipment''--
            (1) means--
                    (A) major weapons systems that are 
                essential to accomplishing the national defense 
                strategy; and
                    (B) other military equipment, such as major 
                command, control, communications, computer, 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                (C4ISR) equipment, and systems designed to 
                prevent fratricide, that is critical to the 
                readiness of military units; and
            (2) includes equipment reviewed in the report of 
        the Comptroller General of the United States numbered 
        GAO-06-141.

SEC. 362. REPEAL OF AIR FORCE REPORT ON MILITARY INSTALLATION 
                    ENCROACHMENT ISSUES.

    Section 315 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 
Stat. 1843) is repealed.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 371. SUPERVISION AND MANAGEMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION 
                    AGENCY.

    Section 192 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Special Rule for Defense Business Transformation 
Agency.--(1) The Defense Business Transformation Agency shall 
be supervised by the vice chairman of the Defense Business 
System Management Committee.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding the results of any periodic review 
under subsection (c) with regard to the Defense Business 
Transformation Agency, the Secretary of Defense shall designate 
that the Agency be managed cooperatively by the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Business Transformation and the Deputy 
Under Secretary of Defense for Financial Management.''.

SEC. 372. CODIFICATION AND REVISION OF LIMITATION ON MODIFICATION OF 
                    MAJOR ITEMS OF EQUIPMENT SCHEDULED FOR RETIREMENT 
                    OR DISPOSAL.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 134 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 2244 the following 
new section:

``Sec. 2244a. Equipment scheduled for retirement or disposal: 
                    limitation on expenditures for modifications

    ``(a) Prohibition.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
section, the Secretary of a military department may not carry 
out a modification of an aircraft, weapon, vessel, or other 
item of equipment that the Secretary plans to retire or 
otherwise dispose of within five years after the date on which 
the modification, if carried out, would be completed.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--
            ``(1) Exception for below-threshold 
        modifications.--The prohibition in subsection (a) does 
        not apply to a modification for which the cost is less 
        than $100,000.
            ``(2) Exception for transfer of reusable items of 
        value.--The prohibition in subsection (a) does not 
        apply to a modification in a case in which--
                    ``(A) the reusable items of value, as 
                determined by the Secretary, installed on the 
                item of equipment as part of such modification 
                will, upon the retirement or disposal of the 
                item to be modified, be removed from such item 
                of equipment, refurbished, and installed on 
                another item of equipment; and
                    ``(B) the cost of such modification 
                (including the cost of the removal and 
                refurbishment of reusable items of value under 
                subparagraph (A)) is less than $1,000,000.
            ``(3) Exception for safety modifications.--The 
        prohibition in subsection (a) does not apply to a 
        safety modification.
    ``(c) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary concerned may waive 
the prohibition in subsection (a) in the case of any 
modification otherwise subject to that subsection if the 
Secretary determines that carrying out the modification is in 
the national security interest of the United States. Whenever 
the Secretary issues such a waiver, the Secretary shall notify 
the congressional defense committees in writing.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2244 the following new item:

``2244a. Equipment scheduled for retirement or disposal: limitation on 
          expenditures for modifications.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 8053 of the Department of 
Defense Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-56; 10 U.S.C. 
2241 note) is repealed.

SEC. 373. LIMITATION ON PURCHASE OF INVESTMENT ITEMS WITH OPERATION AND 
                    MAINTENANCE FUNDS.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Operation and Maintenance Funds.--
Chapter 134 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 2245 the following new section:

``Sec. 2245a. Use of operation and maintenance funds for purchase of 
                    investment items: limitation

    ``Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for 
operation and maintenance may not be used to purchase any item 
(including any item to be acquired as a replacement for an 
item) that has an investment item unit cost that is greater 
than $250,000.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 2245 the following new item:

``2245a. Use of operation and maintenance funds for purchase of 
          investment items: limitation.''.

SEC. 374. OPERATION AND USE OF GENERAL GIFT FUNDS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE AND COAST GUARD.

    Section 2601 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:

``Sec. 2601. General gift funds

    ``(a) General Authority to Accept Gifts.--Subject to 
subsection (d)(2), the Secretary concerned may accept, hold, 
administer, and spend any gift, devise, or bequest of real 
property, personal property, or money made on the condition 
that the gift, devise, or bequest be used for the benefit, or 
in connection with, the establishment, operation, or 
maintenance, of a school, hospital, library, museum, cemetery, 
or other institution or organization under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary.
    ``(b) Additional Authority to Accept Gifts to Benefit 
Certain Members, Dependents, and Civilian Employees.--(1) 
Subject to subsection (d)(2), the Secretary concerned may 
accept, hold, administer, and spend any gift, devise, or 
bequest of real property, personal property, money, or services 
made on the condition that the gift, devise, or bequest be used 
for the benefit of--
            ``(A) members of the armed forces, including 
        members performing full-time National Guard duty under 
        section 502(f) of title 32, who incur a wound, injury, 
        or illness while in the line of duty;
            ``(B) civilian employees of the Department of 
        Defense who incur a wound, injury, or illness while in 
        the line of duty;
            ``(C) dependents of such members or employees; and
            ``(D) survivors of such members or employees who 
        are killed.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may not accept a gift of 
services from a foreign government or international 
organization under this subsection. A gift of real property, 
personal property, or money from a foreign government or 
international organization may be accepted under this 
subsection only if the gift is not designated for a specific 
individual.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations 
specifying the conditions that may be attached to a gift, 
devise, or bequest accepted under this subsection.
    ``(4) The authority to accept gifts, devises, or bequests 
under this subsection expires on December 31, 2007.
    ``(c) Gift Funds.--Gifts and bequests of money, and the 
proceeds of the sale of property, received under subsection (a) 
or (b) shall be deposited in the Treasury in the following 
accounts:
            ``(1) The Department of the Army General Gift Fund, 
        in the case of deposits made by the Secretary of the 
        Army.
            ``(2) The Department of the Navy General Gift Fund, 
        in the case of deposits made by the Secretary of the 
        Navy.
            ``(3) The Department of the Air Force General Gift 
        Fund, in the case of deposits made by the Secretary of 
        the Air Force.
            ``(4) The Coast Guard General Gift Fund, in the 
        case of deposits made by the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security.
            ``(5) The Department of Defense General Gift Fund, 
        in the case of deposits made by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
    ``(d) Use of Gifts; Prohibitions.--(1) Except as provided 
in paragraph (2), property and money accepted under subsection 
(a) or (b) may be used by the Secretary concerned, and services 
accepted under subsection (b) may be performed, without further 
specific authorization in law.
    ``(2) Property and money may not be accepted under 
subsection (a) and property, money, and services may not be 
accepted under subsection (b)--
            ``(A) if the use of the property or money or the 
        performance of the services in connection with any 
        program, project, or activity would result in the 
        violation of any prohibition or limitation otherwise 
        applicable to such program, project, or activity;
            ``(B) if the conditions attached to the property, 
        money, or services are inconsistent with applicable law 
        or regulations;
            ``(C) if the Secretary concerned determines that 
        the use of the property or money or the performance of 
        the services would reflect unfavorably on the ability 
        of the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard, any 
        employee of the Department or Coast Guard, or any 
        member of the armed forces to carry out any 
        responsibility or duty in a fair and objective manner; 
        or
            ``(D) if the Secretary concerned determines that 
        the use of the property or money or the performance of 
        the services would compromise the integrity or 
        appearance of integrity of any program of the 
        Department of Defense or Coast Guard, or any individual 
        involved in such a program.
    ``(3) The Secretary concerned may disburse funds deposited 
in a gift fund referred to in subsection (c) for the purposes 
specified in subsections (a) and (b), subject to the terms of 
the gift, devise, or bequest.
    ``(e) Payment of Expenses.--The Secretary concerned may pay 
all necessary expenses in connection with the conveyance or 
transfer of a gift, devise, or bequest accepted under this 
section.
    ``(f) Treatment of Gifts.--For the purposes of Federal 
income, estate, and gift taxes, any property or money accepted 
under subsection (a) and any property, money, or services 
accepted under subsection (b) shall be considered as a gift, 
devise, or bequest to or for the use of the United States.
    ``(g) Management of Funds.--In the case of each gift fund 
referred to in subsection (c), the Secretary of the Treasury, 
upon the request of the Secretary concerned, may retain money, 
securities, and the proceeds of the sale of securities in the 
gift fund and may invest money and reinvest the proceeds of the 
sale of securities in the gift fund in securities of the United 
States or in securities guaranteed as to principal and interest 
by the United States. The interest and profits accruing from 
those securities shall be deposited to the credit of the gift 
fund and may be disbursed as provided in subsection (d).
    ``(h) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General 
shall make periodic audits of gifts, devises, and bequests 
accepted under subsection (a) or (b) at such intervals as the 
Comptroller General determines to be warranted. The Comptroller 
General shall submit to Congress a report on the results of 
each such audit.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Secretary concerned' includes the 
        Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The term `services' includes activities that 
        benefit the morale, welfare, or recreation of members 
        of the armed forces and their dependents or are related 
        or incidental to the conveyance of a gift, devise, or 
        bequest of real property or personal property under 
        subsection (a) or (b).''.

SEC. 375. INCLUSION OF PACKET BASED TELEPHONY IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    TELECOMMUNICATIONS BENEFIT.

    (a) Inclusion in Benefit.--Subsection (a) of section 344 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 
(Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1448) is amended by inserting 
``packet based telephony service,'' after ``prepaid phone 
cards,''.
    (b) Inclusion of Internet Telephony in Deployment of 
Additional Telephone Equipment.--Subsection (e) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or Internet service'' after 
        ``additional telephones'';
            (2) by inserting ``or packet based telephony'' 
        after ``to facilitate telephone''; and
            (3) by inserting ``or Internet access'' after 
        ``installation of telephones''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in the heading for subsection (a), by striking 
        ``Prepaid Phone Cards'' and inserting ``Benefit''; and
            (2) in the heading for subsection (e), by inserting 
        ``or Internet Access'' after ``Telephone Equipment''.

SEC. 376. LIMITATION ON FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENT AND AUDIT 
                    INITIATIVES WITHIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Limitation.--During fiscal year 2006, the Secretary of 
Defense may not obligate or expend any funds for the purpose of 
any financial management improvement activity relating to the 
preparation, processing, or auditing of financial statements 
until the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
committees each of the following:
            (1) A comprehensive and integrated financial 
        management improvement plan that--
                    (A) describes specific actions to be taken 
                to correct financial management deficiencies 
                that impair the ability of the Department of 
                Defense to prepare timely, reliable, and 
                complete financial management information; and
                    (B) systematically ties such actions to 
                process and control improvements and business 
                systems modernization efforts described in the 
                business enterprise architecture and transition 
                plan required by section 2222 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
            (2) A written determination that each financial 
        management improvement activity to be undertaken is--
                    (A) consistent with the financial 
                management improvement plan submitted pursuant 
                to paragraph (1); and
                    (B) likely to improve internal controls or 
                otherwise result in sustained improvements in 
                the ability of the Department to produce 
                timely, reliable, and complete financial 
                management information.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall 
not apply to an activity directed exclusively at assessing the 
adequacy of internal controls and remediating any inadequacy 
identified pursuant to such an assessment.

SEC. 377. PROVISION OF WELFARE OF SPECIAL CATEGORY RESIDENTS AT NAVAL 
                    STATION GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may provide for 
the general welfare, including subsistence, housing, and health 
care, of any person at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, who 
is designated by the Secretary, not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, as a ``special category 
resident''.
    (b) Prohibition on Construction of New Facilities.--The 
authorization under subsection (a) shall not be construed as an 
authorization for the construction of a new housing facility or 
medical treatment facility.
    (c) Prior Use of Funds.--Any obligation or expenditure of 
funds for the general welfare of any person described in 
subsection (a) before the date of the enactment of this Act is 
deemed to be not subject to the provisions of chapter 13 of 
title 31, United States Code.

SEC. 378. COMMEMORATION OF SUCCESS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN OPERATION 
                    ENDURING FREEDOM AND OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM.

    (a) Celebration Honoring Military Efforts in Operation 
Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.--The President 
may--
            (1) designate a day of celebration to honor the 
        soldiers, sailors, airmen, and Marines of the Armed 
        Forces who have served in Operation Enduring Freedom or 
        Operation Iraqi Freedom and have returned to the United 
        States; and
            (2) issue a proclamation calling on the people of 
        the United States to observe that day with appropriate 
        ceremonies and activities.
    (b) Participation of Armed Forces in Celebration.--
            (1) Participation authorized.--Members and units of 
        the Armed Forces may participate in activities 
        associated with a day of celebration designated under 
        subsection (a) that are held in Washington, District of 
        Columbia.
            (2) Availability of funds.--Subject to paragraph 
        (4), amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2006 may be used 
        to cover costs associated with the participation of 
        members and units of the Armed Forces in the activities 
        described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Acceptance of private contributions.--(A) 
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
        Secretary of Defense may accept cash contributions from 
        private individuals and entities for the purposes of 
        covering the costs of the participation of members and 
        units of the Armed Forces in the activities described 
        in paragraph (1). Amounts so accepted shall be 
        deposited in an account established for purposes of 
        this paragraph.
            (B) Amounts accepted under subparagraph (A) may be 
        used for the purposes described in that subparagraph 
        until expended.
            (4) Limitation.--The total amount of funds 
        described in paragraph (2) that are available for the 
        purpose set forth in that paragraph may not exceed the 
        amount equal to--
                    (A) $20,000,000, minus
                    (B) the amount of any cash contributions 
                accepted by the Secretary under paragraph (3).
    (c) Award of Recognition Items.--
            (1) Authority to award.--Under regulations 
        prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, appropriate 
        recognition items may be awarded to any individual who 
        served honorably as a member of the Armed Forces in 
        Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom 
        during the Global War on Terrorism. The purpose of the 
        award of such items is to recognize the contribution of 
        such individuals to the success of the United States in 
        those operations.
            (2) Recognition items defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``recognition items'' means recognition items 
        authorized for presentation under section 2261 of title 
        10, United States Code (as added by section 589 of this 
        Act).

                Subtitle H--Utah Test and Training Range

SEC. 381. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) The term ``covered wilderness'' means the 
        wilderness area designated by this subtitle and 
        wilderness study areas located near lands withdrawn for 
        military use and beneath special use airspace critical 
        to the support of military test and training missions 
        at the Utah Test and Training Range, including the Deep 
        Creek, Fish Springs, Swasey Mountain, Howell Peak, 
        Notch Peak, King Top, Wah Wah Mountain, and Conger 
        Mountain units designated by the Department of the 
        Interior.
            (2) The term ``Utah Test and Training Range'' means 
        those portions of the military operating area of the 
        Utah Test and Training Area located solely in the State 
        of Utah. The term includes the Dugway Proving Ground.
            (3) The term ``Wilderness Act'' means Public Law 
        88-577, approved September 3, 1964 (16 U.S.C. 1131 et 
        seq.).

SEC. 382. MILITARY OPERATIONS AND OVERFLIGHTS, UTAH TEST AND TRAINING 
                    RANGE.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
            (1) The testing and development of military weapons 
        systems and the training of military forces are 
        critical to ensuring the national security of the 
        United States.
            (2) The Utah Test and Training Range in the State 
        of Utah is a unique and irreplaceable national asset at 
        the core of the test and training mission of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) The Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area designated 
        by section 384, as well as several wilderness study 
        areas, are located near lands withdrawn for military 
        use or are beneath special use airspace critical to the 
        support of military test and training missions at the 
        Utah Test and Training Range.
            (4) The Utah Test and Training Range and special 
        use airspace withdrawn for military uses create unique 
        management circumstances for the covered wilderness in 
        this subtitle, and it is not the intent of Congress 
        that passage of this subtitle shall be construed as 
        establishing a precedent with respect to any future 
        national conservation area or wilderness designation.
            (5) Continued access to the special use airspace 
        and lands that comprise the Utah Test and Training 
        Range, under the terms and conditions described in this 
        subtitle, is a national security priority and is not 
        incompatible with the protection and proper management 
        of the natural, environmental, cultural, and other 
        resources of such lands.
    (b) Overflights.--Nothing in this subtitle or the 
Wilderness Act shall preclude low-level overflights and 
operations of military aircraft, helicopters, missiles, or 
unmanned aerial vehicles over the covered wilderness, including 
military overflights and operations that can be seen or heard 
within the covered wilderness.
    (c) Special Use Airspace and Training Routes.--Nothing in 
this subtitle or the Wilderness Act shall preclude the 
designation of new units of special use airspace, the expansion 
of existing units of special use airspace, or the use or 
establishment of military training routes over the covered 
wilderness.
    (d) Communications and Tracking Systems.--Nothing in this 
subtitle shall prevent any required maintenance of existing 
communications, instrumentation, or electronic tracking systems 
(or infrastructure supporting such systems) or prevent the 
installation of new communication, instrumentation, or other 
equipment necessary for effective testing and training to meet 
military requirements in wilderness study areas located beneath 
special use airspace comprising the Utah Test and Training 
Range, including the Deep Creek, Fish Springs, Swasey Mountain, 
Howell Peak, Notch Peak, King Top, Wah Wah Mountain, and Conger 
Mountain units designated by the Department of Interior, so 
long as the Secretary of the Interior, after consultation with 
the Secretary of the Air Force, determines that the 
installation and maintenance of such systems, when considered 
both individually and collectively, comply with section 603 of 
the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 
1782).
    (e) Emergency Access and Response.--Nothing in this 
subtitle or the Wilderness Act shall preclude the continuation 
of the memorandum of understanding in existence as of the date 
of the enactment of this Act between the Department of the 
Interior and the Department of the Air Force with respect to 
emergency access and response.
    (f) Prohibition on Ground Military Operations.--Except as 
provided in subsections (d) and (e), nothing in this section 
shall be construed to permit a military operation to be 
conducted on the ground in covered wilderness in the Utah Test 
and Training Range unless such ground operation is otherwise 
permissible under Federal law and consistent with the 
Wilderness Act.

SEC. 383. ANALYSIS OF MILITARY READINESS AND OPERATIONAL IMPACTS IN 
                    PLANNING PROCESS FOR FEDERAL LANDS IN UTAH TEST AND 
                    TRAINING RANGE.

    The Secretary of the Interior shall develop, maintain, and 
revise land use plans pursuant to section 202 of the Federal 
Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1712) for 
Federal lands located in the Utah Test and Training Range in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense. As part of the 
required consultation in connection with a proposed revision of 
a land use plan, the Secretary of Defense shall prepare and 
transmit to the Secretary of the Interior an analysis of the 
military readiness and operational impacts of the proposed 
revision within six months of a request from the Secretary of 
the Interior.

SEC. 384. DESIGNATION AND MANAGEMENT OF CEDAR MOUNTAIN WILDERNESS, 
                    UTAH.

    (a) Designation.--Certain Federal lands in Tooele County, 
Utah, as generally depicted on the map entitled ``Cedar 
Mountain Wilderness'' and dated March 7, 2004, are hereby 
designated as wilderness and, therefore, as a component of the 
National Wilderness Preservation System to be known as the 
Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area.
    (b) Withdrawal.--Subject to valid existing rights, the 
Federal lands in the Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area are hereby 
withdrawn from all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal 
under the public land laws, from location, entry, and patent 
under the United States mining laws, and from disposition under 
all laws pertaining to mineral and geothermal leasing, and 
mineral materials, and all amendments to such laws.
    (c) Map and Description.--
            (1) Transmittal.--As soon as practicable after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
        Interior shall transmit a map and legal description of 
        the Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area to the Committee on 
        Resources of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the 
        Senate.
            (2) Legal effect.--The map and legal description 
        shall have the same force and effect as if included in 
        this Act, except that the Secretary of the Interior may 
        correct clerical and typographical errors in the map 
        and legal description.
            (3) Availability.--The map and legal description 
        shall be on file and available for public inspection in 
        the office of the Director of the Bureau of Land 
        Management and the office of the State Director of the 
        Bureau of Land Management in the State of Utah.
    (d) Administration.--Subject to valid existing rights and 
this subtitle, the Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area shall be 
administered by the Secretary of the Interior in accordance 
with the provisions of the Wilderness Act, except that any 
reference in such provisions to the effective date of the 
Wilderness Act (or any similar reference) shall be deemed to be 
a reference to the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Land Acquisition.--Any lands or interest in lands 
within the boundaries of the Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area 
acquired by the United States after the date of the enactment 
of this Act shall be added to and administered as part of the 
Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area.
    (f) Fish and Wildlife Management.--As provided in section 
4(d)(7) of the Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1133(d)(7)), nothing 
in this subtitle shall be construed as affecting the 
jurisdiction of the State of Utah with respect to fish and 
wildlife on the Federal lands located in that State.
    (g) Grazing.--Within the Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area, 
the grazing of livestock, where established before the date of 
the enactment of this Act, shall be permitted to continue 
subject to such reasonable regulations, policies, and practices 
as the Secretary of the Interior considers necessary, as long 
as such regulations, policies, and practices fully conform with 
and implement the intent of Congress regarding grazing in such 
areas, as such intent is expressed in the Wilderness Act, 
section 101(f) of Public Law 101-628 (104 Stat. 4473), and 
appendix A of the Report of the Committee on Interior and 
Insular Affairs to accompany H.R. 2570 of the 101st Congress 
(H. Rept. 101-405).
    (h) Buffer Zones.--Congress does not intend for the 
designation of the Cedar Mountain Wilderness Area to lead to 
the creation of protective perimeters or buffer zones around 
the wilderness area. The fact that nonwilderness activities or 
uses can be seen or heard within the wilderness area shall not, 
of itself, preclude such activities or uses up to the boundary 
of the wilderness area.
    (i) Release From Wilderness Study Area Status.--The lands 
identified as the Browns Spring Cherrystem on the map entitled 
``Proposed Browns Spring Cherrystem'' and dated May 11, 2004, 
are released from their status as a wilderness study area, and 
shall no longer be subject to the requirements of section 
603(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 
(43 U.S.C. 1782(c)) pertaining to the management of wilderness 
study areas in a manner that does not impair the suitability of 
those areas for preservation of wilderness.

SEC. 385. RELATION TO OTHER LANDS.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to affect any 
Federal lands located outside of the covered wilderness or the 
management of such lands.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revision in permanent active duty end strength minimum levels.
Sec. 403. Additional authority for increases of Army and Marine Corps 
          active duty end strengths for fiscal years 2007 through 2009.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2006 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Armed Forces Retirement Home.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
for active duty personnel as of September 30, 2006, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 512,400.
            (2) The Navy, 352,700.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 179,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 357,400.
    (b) Limitation.--
            (1) Army.--The authorized strength for the Army 
        provided in paragraph (1) of subsection (a) for active 
        duty personnel for fiscal year 2006 is subject to the 
        condition that costs of active duty personnel of the 
        Army for that fiscal year in excess of 482,400 shall be 
        paid out of funds authorized to be appropriated for 
        that fiscal year for a contingent emergency reserve 
        fund or as an emergency supplemental appropriation.
            (2) Marine corps.--The authorized strength for the 
        Marine Corps provided in paragraph (3) of subsection 
        (a) for active duty personnel for fiscal year 2006 is 
        subject to the condition that costs of active duty 
        personnel of the Marine Corps for that fiscal year in 
        excess of 175,000 shall be paid out of funds authorized 
        to be appropriated for that fiscal year for a 
        contingent emergency reserve fund or as an emergency 
        supplemental appropriation.

SEC. 402. REVISION IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                    LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(1) For the Army, 502,400.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 352,700.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 179,000.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 357,400.''.

SEC. 403. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY FOR INCREASES OF ARMY AND MARINE CORPS 
                    ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTHS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2007 
                    THROUGH 2009.

    Effective October 1, 2006, the text of section 403 of the 
Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1863) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(a) Authority.--
            ``(1) Army.--For each of fiscal years 2007, 2008, 
        and 2009, the Secretary of Defense may, as the 
        Secretary determines necessary for the purposes 
        specified in paragraph (3), establish the active-duty 
        end strength for the Army at a number greater than the 
        number otherwise authorized by law up to the number 
        equal to the fiscal-year 2006 baseline plus 20,000.
            ``(2) Marine corps.--For each of fiscal years 2007, 
        2008, and 2009, the Secretary of Defense may, as the 
        Secretary determines necessary for the purposes 
        specified in paragraph (3), establish the active-duty 
        end strength for the Marine Corps at a number greater 
        than the number otherwise authorized by law up to the 
        number equal to the fiscal-year 2006 baseline plus 
        5,000.
            ``(3) Purpose of increases.--The purposes for which 
        increases may be made in Army and Marine Corps active 
        duty end strengths under paragraphs (1) and (2) are--
                    ``(A) to support operational missions; and
                    ``(B) to achieve transformational 
                reorganization objectives, including objectives 
                for increased numbers of combat brigades and 
                battalions, increased unit manning, force 
                stabilization and shaping, and rebalancing of 
                the active and reserve component forces.
            ``(4) Fiscal-year 2006 baseline.--In this 
        subsection, the term `fiscal-year 2006 baseline', with 
        respect to the Army and Marine Corps, means the active-
        duty end strength authorized for those services in 
        section 401 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2006.
            ``(5) Active-duty end strength.--In this 
        subsection, the term `active-duty end strength' means 
        the strength for active-duty personnel of one of the 
        Armed Forces as of the last day of a fiscal year.
    ``(b) Relationship to Presidential Waiver Authority.--
Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the 
President's authority under section 123a of title 10, United 
States Code, to waive any statutory end strength in a time of 
war or national emergency.
    ``(c) Relationship to Other Variance Authority.--The 
authority under subsection (a) is in addition to the authority 
to vary authorized end strengths that is provided in 
subsections (e) and (f) of section 115 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    ``(d) Budget Treatment.--
            ``(1) Fiscal year 2007 budget.--The budget for the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2007 as submitted 
        to Congress shall comply, with respect to funding, with 
        subsections (c) and (d) of section 691 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            ``(2) Other increases.--If the Secretary of Defense 
        plans to increase the Army or Marine Corps active duty 
        end strength for a fiscal year under subsection (a), 
        then the budget for the Department of Defense for that 
        fiscal year as submitted to Congress shall include the 
        amounts necessary for funding that active duty end 
        strength in excess of the fiscal year 2006 active duty 
        end strength authorized for that service under section 
        401 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2006.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of 
September 30, 2006, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        350,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 205,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 73,100.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 39,600.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        106,800.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 74,000.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 10,000.
    (b) Adjustments.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
component shall be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of 
        such component which are on active duty (other than for 
        training) at the end of the fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in 
        units organized to serve as units of the Selected 
        Reserve of such component who are on active duty (other 
        than for training or for unsatisfactory participation 
        in training) without their consent at the end of the 
        fiscal year.
Whenever such units or such individual members are released 
from active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength 
prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of 
such reserve component shall be increased proportionately by 
the total authorized strengths of such units and by the total 
number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
                    RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
September 30, 2006, the following number of Reserves to be 
serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the case 
of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training 
the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        27,396.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 15,270.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 13,392.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        13,123.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 2,290.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
of the last day of fiscal year 2006 for the reserve components 
of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of 
title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army Reserve, 7,649.
            (2) For the Army National Guard of the United 
        States, 25,563.
            (3) For the Air Force Reserve, 9,852.
            (4) For the Air National Guard of the United 
        States, 22,971.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2006 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
                    TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided 
        in section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
        the number of non-dual status technicians employed by 
        the National Guard as of September 30, 2006, may not 
        exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the 
                United States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the 
                United States, 350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of 
        September 30, 2006, may not exceed 695.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual 
        status technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as 
        of September 30, 2006, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-Dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                    ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2006, the maximum number of members of 
the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
at any time on full-time operational support duty under section 
115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Naval Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the 
Department of Defense for military personnel for fiscal year 
2006 a total of $108,942,746,000. The authorization in the 
preceding sentence supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for 
fiscal year 2006.

SEC. 422. ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME.

    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2006 from the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund the 
sum of $58,281,000 for the operation of the Armed Forces 
Retirement Home.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Temporary increase in percentage limits on reduction of time-
          in-grade requirements for retirement in grade upon voluntary 
          retirement.
Sec. 502. Two-year renewal of temporary authority to reduce minimum 
          length of commissioned service required for voluntary 
          retirement as an officer.
Sec. 503. Exclusion from active-duty general and flag officer 
          distribution and strength limitations of officers on leave 
          pending separation or retirement or between senior positions.
Sec. 504. Consolidation of grade limitations on officer assignment and 
          insignia practice known as frocking.
Sec. 505. Clarification of deadline for receipt by promotion selection 
          boards of certain communications from eligible officers.
Sec. 506. Furnishing to promotion selection boards of adverse 
          information on officers eligible for promotion to certain 
          senior grades.
Sec. 507. Applicability of officer distribution and strength limitations 
          to officers serving in intelligence community positions.
Sec. 508. Grades of the Judge Advocates General.
Sec. 509. Authority to retain permanent professors at the Naval Academy 
          beyond 30 years of active commissioned service.
Sec. 510. Authority for designation of a general/flag officer position 
          on the Joint Staff to be held by reserve component general or 
          flag officer on active duty.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Separation at age 64 for reserve component senior officers.
Sec. 512. Modification of strength-in-grade limitations applicable to 
          Reserve flag officers in active status.
Sec. 513. Military technicians (dual status) mandatory separation.
Sec. 514. Military retirement credit for certain service by National 
          Guard members performed while in a State duty status 
          immediately after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Sec. 515. Redesignation of the Naval Reserve as the Navy Reserve.
Sec. 516. Clarification of certain authorities relating to the 
          Commission on the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 517. Report on employment matters for members of the reserve 
          components.
Sec. 518. Defense Science Board study on deployment of members of the 
          National Guard and Reserves in the Global War on Terrorism.
Sec. 519. Sense of Congress on certain matters relating to the National 
          Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 520. Pilot program on enhanced quality of life for members of the 
          Army Reserve and their families.

                   Subtitle C--Education and Training

             Part I--Department of Defense Schools Generally

Sec. 521. Authority for National Defense University award of degree of 
          Master of Science in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy.
Sec. 522. Authority for certain professional military education schools 
          to receive faculty research grants for certain purposes.

            Part II--United States Naval Postgraduate School

Sec. 523. Revision to mission of the Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 524. Modification of eligibility for position of President of the 
          Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 525. Increased enrollment for eligible defense industry employees 
          in the defense product development program at Naval 
          Postgraduate School.
Sec. 526. Instruction for enlisted personnel by the Naval Postgraduate 
          School.

               Part III--Reserve Officers' Training Corps

Sec. 531. Repeal of limitation on amount of financial assistance under 
          ROTC scholarship programs.
Sec. 532. Increase in annual limit on number of ROTC scholarships under 
          Army Reserve and National Guard program.
Sec. 533. Procedures for suspending financial assistance and subsistence 
          allowance for Senior ROTC cadets and midshipmen on the basis 
          of health-related conditions.
Sec. 534. Eligibility of United States nationals for appointment to the 
          Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 535. Promotion of foreign language skills among members of the 
          Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 536. Designation of Ike Skelton Early Commissioning Program 
          Scholarships.

                         Part IV--Other Matters

Sec. 537. Enhancement of educational loan repayment authorities.
Sec. 538. Payment of expenses of members of the Armed Forces to obtain 
          professional credentials.
Sec. 539. Use of Reserve Montgomery GI Bill benefits and benefits for 
          mobilized members of the Selected Reserve and National Guard 
          for payments for licensing or certification tests.
Sec. 540. Modification of educational assistance for reserves supporting 
          contingency and other operations.

                Subtitle D--General Service Requirements

Sec. 541. Ground combat and other exclusion policies.
Sec. 542. Uniform citizenship or residency requirements for enlistment 
          in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 543. Increase in maximum age for enlistment.
Sec. 544. Increase in maximum term of original enlistment in regular 
          component.
Sec. 545. National Call to Service program.
Sec. 546. Reports on information provided to potential recruits and to 
          new entrants into the Armed Forces on ``stop loss'' 
          authorities and initial period of military service obligation.

        Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters

Sec. 551. Offense of stalking under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 552. Rape, sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct under 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 553. Extension of statute of limitations for murder, rape, and 
          child abuse offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 554. Reports by officers and senior enlisted members of conviction 
          of criminal law.
Sec. 555. Clarification of authority of military legal assistance 
          counsel to provide military legal assistance without regard to 
          licensing requirements.
Sec. 556. Use of teleconferencing in administrative sessions of courts-
          martial.
Sec. 557. Sense of Congress on applicability of Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice to Reserves on inactive-duty training overseas.

               Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Casualties

Sec. 561. Authority for members on active duty with disabilities to 
          participate in Paralympic Games.
Sec. 562. Policy and procedures on casualty assistance to survivors of 
          military decedents.
Sec. 563. Policy and procedures on assistance to severely wounded or 
          injured service members.
Sec. 564. Designation by members of the Armed Forces of persons 
          authorized to direct the disposition of member remains.

    Subtitle G--Assistance to Local Educational Agencies for Defense 
                          Dependents Education

Sec. 571. Expansion of authorized enrollment in Department of Defense 
          dependents schools overseas.
Sec. 572. Assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of members of the Armed Forces and Department of 
          Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 573. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 574. Continuation of impact aid assistance on behalf of dependents 
          of certain members despite change in status of member.

                   Subtitle H--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 576. Eligibility for Operation Enduring Freedom campaign medal.

                 Subtitle I--Consumer Protection Matters

Sec. 577. Requirement for regulations on policies and procedures on 
          personal commercial solicitations on Department of Defense 
          installations.
Sec. 578. Consumer education for members of the Armed Forces and their 
          spouses on insurance and other financial services.
Sec. 579. Report on predatory lending practices directed at members of 
          the Armed Forces and their dependents.

          Subtitle J--Reports and Sense of Congress Statements

Sec. 581. Report on need for a personnel plan for linguists in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 582. Sense of Congress that colleges and universities give equal 
          access to military recruiters and ROTC in accordance with the 
          Solomon Amendment and requirement for report to Congress.
Sec. 583. Sense of Congress concerning study of options for providing 
          homeland defense education.
Sec. 584. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
          the Armed Forces serving in Operation Iraqi Freedom and 
          Operation Enduring Freedom and honoring their sacrifices and 
          the sacrifices of their families.

                        Subtitle K--Other Matters

Sec. 589. Expansion and enhancement of authority to present recognition 
          items for recruitment and retention purposes.
Sec. 590. Extension of date of submittal of report of Veterans' 
          Disability Benefits Commission.
Sec. 591. Recruitment and enlistment of home-schooled students in the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Modification of requirement for certain intermediaries under 
          certain authorities relating to adoptions.
Sec. 593. Adoption leave for members of the Armed Forces adopting 
          children.
Sec. 594. Addition of information to be covered in mandatory 
          preseparation counseling.
Sec. 595. Report on Transition Assistance Programs.
Sec. 596. Improvement to Department of Defense capacity to respond to 
          sexual assault affecting members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 597. Authority for appointment of Coast Guard flag officer as Chief 
          of Staff to the President.
Sec. 598. Prayer at military service academy activities.
Sec. 599. Modification of authority to make military working dogs 
          available for adoption.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. TEMPORARY INCREASE IN PERCENTAGE LIMITS ON REDUCTION OF TIME-
                    IN-GRADE REQUIREMENTS FOR RETIREMENT IN GRADE UPON 
                    VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT.

    Section 1370(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(F) Notwithstanding subparagraph (E), during the period 
ending on December 31, 2007, the number of lieutenant colonels 
and colonels of the Air Force, and the number of commanders and 
captains of the Navy, for whom a reduction is made under this 
section during any fiscal year in the period of service-in-
grade otherwise required under this paragraph may not exceed 
four percent of the authorized active-duty strength for that 
fiscal year for officers of that armed force in that grade.''.

SEC. 502. TWO-YEAR RENEWAL OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO REDUCE MINIMUM 
                    LENGTH OF COMMISSIONED SERVICE REQUIRED FOR 
                    VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT AS AN OFFICER.

    (a) Army.--Section 3911(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
        ``during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and 
        ending on December 31, 2001'' and inserting ``during 
        the period specified in paragraph (2),''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The period specified in this paragraph is the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 and ending on December 
31, 2008.''.
    (b) Navy and Marine Corps.--Section 6323(a)(2) of such 
title is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(2)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as so designated, by 
        striking ``during the period beginning on October 1, 
        1990, and ending on December 31, 2001'' and inserting 
        ``during the period specified in subparagraph (B),''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(B) The period specified in this subparagraph is the 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 and ending on 
December 31, 2008.''.
    (c) Air Force.--Section 8911(b) of such title is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
        ``during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and 
        ending on December 31, 2001'' and inserting ``during 
        the period specified in paragraph (2),''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The period specified in this paragraph is the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 and ending on December 
31, 2008.''.

SEC. 503. EXCLUSION FROM ACTIVE-DUTY GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER 
                    DISTRIBUTION AND STRENGTH LIMITATIONS OF OFFICERS 
                    ON LEAVE PENDING SEPARATION OR RETIREMENT OR 
                    BETWEEN SENIOR POSITIONS.

    (a) Distribution Limitations.--Section 525 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) In determining the total number of general officers 
or flag officers of an armed force on active duty for purposes 
of this section, the following officers shall not be counted:
            ``(1) An officer of that armed force in the grade 
        of brigadier general or above or, in the case of the 
        Navy, in the grade of rear admiral (lower half) or 
        above, who is on leave pending the retirement, 
        separation, or release of that officer from active 
        duty, but only during the 60-day period beginning on 
        the date of the commencement of such leave of such 
        officer.
            ``(2) An officer of that armed force who has been 
        relieved from a position designated under section 
        601(a) of this title and is under orders to assume 
        another such position, but only during the 60-day 
        period beginning on the date on which those orders are 
        published.''.
    (b) Active-Duty Strength Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 526 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Exclusion of Certain Officers Pending Separation or 
Retirement or Between Senior Positions.--The limitations of 
this section do not apply to a general or flag officer who is 
covered by an exclusion under section 525(e) of this title.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of 
        subsection (d) of such section is amended by striking 
        ``Certain Officers'' and inserting ``Certain Reserve 
        Officers''.
    (c) Prohibition of Frocking to Grades Above Major General 
and Rear Admiral.--Section 777(a) of such title is amended by 
inserting ``in a grade below the grade of major general or, in 
the case of the Navy, rear admiral,'' after ``An officer'' in 
the first sentence.

SEC. 504. CONSOLIDATION OF GRADE LIMITATIONS ON OFFICER ASSIGNMENT AND 
                    INSIGNIA PRACTICE KNOWN AS FROCKING.

    Section 777(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``brigadier generals and 
                Navy rear admirals (lower half)'' and inserting 
                ``colonels, Navy captains, brigadier generals, 
                and rear admirals (lower half)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the grade of'' and all 
                that follows through ``30'' and inserting ``the 
                next higher grade may not exceed 85'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (2).

SEC. 505. CLARIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR RECEIPT BY PROMOTION SELECTION 
                    BOARDS OF CERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS FROM ELIGIBLE 
                    OFFICERS.

    (a) Officers on Active-Duty List.--Section 614(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the first sentence by 
inserting ``the day before'' after ``not later than''.
    (b) Officers on Reserve Active-Status List.--Section 14106 
of such title is amended in the second sentence by inserting 
``the day before'' after ``not later than''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on March 1, 2006, and shall apply with 
respect to selection boards convened on or after that date.

SEC. 506. FURNISHING TO PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS OF ADVERSE 
                    INFORMATION ON OFFICERS ELIGIBLE FOR PROMOTION TO 
                    CERTAIN SENIOR GRADES.

    (a) Officers on Active-Duty List.--
            (1) In general.--Section 615(a) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), 
                (5), and (6) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and 
                (7), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) In the case of an eligible officer considered for 
promotion to a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
captain, any credible information of an adverse nature, 
including any substantiated adverse finding or conclusion from 
an officially documented investigation or inquiry, shall be 
furnished to the selection board in accordance with standards 
and procedures set out in the regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense pursuant to paragraph (1).''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection, by 
                striking ``paragraph (2)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``and (3)'' and inserting ``, (3), 
                and (4)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, or 
                        in paragraph (3),'' after ``paragraph 
                        (2)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``or (3), as applicable'' 
                        after ``paragraph (2)''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (7), 
                as so redesignated, by inserting ``or (3)'' 
                after ``paragraph (2)(B)''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Section 14107(a) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), 
                (5), and (6) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and 
                (7), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) In the case of an eligible officer considered for 
promotion to a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
captain, any credible information of an adverse nature, 
including any substantiated adverse finding or conclusion from 
an officially documented investigation or inquiry, shall be 
furnished to the selection board in accordance with standards 
and procedures set out in the regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense pursuant to paragraph (1).''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection, by 
                striking ``paragraph (2)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, 
                by striking ``and (3)'' and inserting ``, (3), 
                and (4)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, or 
                        in paragraph (3),'' after ``paragraph 
                        (2)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by 
                        inserting ``or (3), as applicable'' 
                        after ``paragraph (2)''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (7), 
                as so redesignated, by inserting ``or (3)'' 
                after ``paragraph (2)(B)''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on October 1, 2006, and shall apply with 
respect to promotion selection boards convened on or after that 
date.

SEC. 507. APPLICABILITY OF OFFICER DISTRIBUTION AND STRENGTH 
                    LIMITATIONS TO OFFICERS SERVING IN INTELLIGENCE 
                    COMMUNITY POSITIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 528 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 528. Exclusion: officers serving in certain intelligence 
                    positions

    ``(a) Exclusion of Officer Serving in Certain CIA 
Positions.--When either of the individuals serving in a 
position specified in subsection (b) is an officer of the armed 
forces, one of those officers, while serving in that position, 
shall be excluded from the limitations in sections 525 and 526 
of this title.
    ``(b) Covered Positions.--The positions referred to in this 
subsection are the following:
            ``(1) Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
            ``(2) Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence 
        Agency.
    ``(c) Associate Director of CIA for Military Support.--An 
officer of the armed forces serving in the position of 
Associate Director of the Central Intelligence Agency for 
Military Support, while serving in that position, shall be 
excluded from the limitations in sections 525 and 526 of this 
title.
    ``(d) Officers Serving in Office of DNI.--A general or flag 
officer of the armed forces assigned to a position in the 
Office of the Director of National Intelligence designated by 
agreement between the Secretary of Defense and the Director of 
National Intelligence, while serving in that position, shall be 
excluded from the limitations in sections 525 and 526 of this 
title, except that not more than five such officers may be so 
excluded at any time.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to such section 
in the table of sections at the beginning of chapter 32 of such 
title is amended to read as follows:

``528. Exclusion: officers serving in certain intelligence positions.''.

SEC. 508. GRADES OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATES GENERAL.

    (a) Judge Advocate General of the Army.--Section 3037(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the last 
sentence and inserting the following new sentences: ``The Judge 
Advocate General, while so serving, shall hold a grade not 
lower than major general. An officer appointed as Assistant 
Judge Advocate General who holds a lower regular grade shall be 
appointed in the regular grade of major general.''.
    (b) Judge Advocate General of the Navy.--Section 5148(b) of 
such title is amended by striking the last sentence and 
inserting the following new sentence: ``The Judge Advocate 
General, while so serving, shall hold a grade not lower than 
rear admiral or major general, as appropriate.''.
    (c) Judge Advocate General of the Air Force.--Section 
8037(a) of such title is amended by striking the last sentence 
and inserting the following new sentence: ``The Judge Advocate 
General, while so serving, shall hold a grade not lower than 
major general.''.

SEC. 509. AUTHORITY TO RETAIN PERMANENT PROFESSORS AT THE NAVAL ACADEMY 
                    BEYOND 30 YEARS OF ACTIVE COMMISSIONED SERVICE.

    (a) Waiver of Mandatory Retirement for Years of Service.--
            (1) Lieutenant colonels and commanders.--Section 
        633 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Except an'' and all that 
                follows through ``except as provided'' and 
                inserting ``(a) 28 Years of Active Commissioned 
                Service.--Except as provided in subsection (b) 
                and as provided''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) does not apply to the 
following:
            ``(1) An officer of the Navy or Marine Corps who is 
        an officer designated for limited duty to whom section 
        5596(e) or 6383 of this title applies.
            ``(2) An officer of the Navy or Marine Corps who is 
        a permanent professor at the United States Naval 
        Academy.''.
            (2) Colonels and navy captains.--Section 634 of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Except an'' and all that 
                follows through ``except as provided'' and 
                inserting ``(a) 30 Years of Active Commissioned 
                Service.--Except as provided in subsection (b) 
                and as provided''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) does not apply to the 
following:
            ``(1) An officer of the Navy who is designated for 
        limited duty to whom section 6383(a)(4) of this title 
        applies.
            ``(2) An officer of the Navy or Marine Corps who is 
        a permanent professor at the United States Naval 
        Academy.''.
    (b) Authority for Retention of Permanent Professors Beyond 
30 Years.--
            (1) Authority.--Chapter 603 of such title is 
        amended by inserting after section 6969 the following 
        new section:

``Sec. 6970. Permanent professors: retirement for years of service; 
                    authority for deferral

    ``(a) Retirement for Years of Service.--(1) Except as 
provided in subsection (b), an officer of the Navy or Marine 
Corps serving as a permanent professor at the Naval Academy in 
the grade of commander or lieutenant colonel who is not on a 
list of officers recommended for promotion to the grade of 
captain or colonel, as the case may be, shall, if not earlier 
retired, be retired on the first day of the month after the 
month in which the officer completes 28 years of active 
commissioned service.
    ``(2) Except as provided in subsection (b), an officer of 
the Navy or Marine Corps serving as a permanent professor at 
the Naval Academy in the grade of captain or colonel who is not 
on a list of officers recommended for promotion to the grade of 
rear admiral (lower half) or brigadier general, as the case may 
be, shall, if not earlier retired, be retired on the first day 
of the month after the month in which the officer completes 30 
years of active commissioned service.
    ``(b) Continuation on Active Duty.--(1) An officer subject 
to retirement under subsection (a) may have his retirement 
deferred and be continued on active duty by the Secretary of 
the Navy.
    ``(2) Subject to section 1252 of this title, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall determine the period of any continuation on 
active duty under this section.
    ``(c) Eligibility for Promotion.--A permanent professor at 
the Naval Academy in the grade of commander or lieutenant 
colonel who is continued on active duty as a permanent 
professor under subsection (b) remains eligible for 
consideration for promotion to the grade of captain or colonel, 
as the case may be.
    ``(d) Retired Grade and Retired Pay.--Each officer retired 
under this section--
            ``(1) unless otherwise entitled to a higher grade, 
        shall be retired in the grade determined under section 
        1370 of this title; and
            ``(2) is entitled to retired pay computed under 
        section 6333 of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 6969 the following 
        new item:

``6970. Permanent professors: retirement for years of service; authority 
          for deferral.''.

    (c) Mandatory Retirement at Age 64.--
            (1) Reorganization and standardization.--Chapter 63 
        of such title is amended by inserting after section 
        1251 the following new section:

``Sec. 1252. Age 64: permanent professors at academies

    ``(a) Mandatory Retirement for Age.--Unless retired or 
separated earlier, each regular commissioned officer of the 
Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps covered by subsection 
(b) shall be retired on the first day of the month following 
the month in which the officer becomes 64 years of age.
    ``(b) Covered Officers.--This section applies to the 
following officers:
            ``(1) An officer who is a permanent professor or 
        the director of admissions of the United States 
        Military Academy.
            ``(2) An officer who is a permanent professor at 
        the United States Naval Academy.
            ``(3) An officer who is a permanent professor or 
        the registrar of the United States Air Force 
        Academy.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 1251 the following 
        new item:

``1252. Age 64: permanent professors at academies.''.

            (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 1251(a) of such 
        title is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``, 
                a permanent professor at the United States 
                Naval Academy,'' after ``Air Force Academy''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence.
    (d) Conforming Amendments Relating to Computation of 
Retired Pay.--
            (1) Age 64 retirement.--Chapter 71 of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the table in section 1401(a), by 
                inserting at the bottom of the column under the 
                heading ``For sections'', in the entry for 
                Formula Number 5, the following: ``1252''; and
                    (B) in the table in section 1406(b)(1), by 
                inserting at the bottom of the first column the 
                following: ``1252''.
            (2) Years-of-service retirement.--Section 6333(a) 
        of such title is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding the table, by 
                inserting ``6970 or'' after ``section''; and
                    (B) in the table, by inserting ``6970'' 
                immediately below ``6325(b)'' in the column 
                under the heading ``For sections'', in the 
                entry for Formula B.

SEC. 510. AUTHORITY FOR DESIGNATION OF A GENERAL/FLAG OFFICER POSITION 
                    ON THE JOINT STAFF TO BE HELD BY RESERVE COMPONENT 
                    GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    Section 526(b)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``, and a general and flag officer 
position on the Joint Staff,'' after ``combatant commands''.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. SEPARATION AT AGE 64 FOR RESERVE COMPONENT SENIOR OFFICERS.

    Section 14512(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Unless 
        retired,'';
            (2) by striking ``who is Chief'' and all that 
        follows through ``of a State,'' and inserting ``who is 
        specified in paragraph (2)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to a reserve officer of the 
Army or Air Force who is any of the following:
            ``(A) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
            ``(B) The Chief of the Army Reserve, Chief of the 
        Air Force Reserve, Director of the Army National Guard, 
        or Director of the Air National Guard.
            ``(C) An adjutant general.
            ``(D) If a reserve officer of the Army, the 
        commanding general of the troops of a State.''.

SEC. 512. MODIFICATION OF STRENGTH-IN-GRADE LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE TO 
                    RESERVE FLAG OFFICERS IN ACTIVE STATUS.

    (a) Line Officers.--The table in paragraph (1) of section 
12004(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``28'' in the item relating to Line officers and 
inserting ``33''.
    (b) Medical Department Staff Corps Officers.--Such table is 
further amended by striking ``9'' in the item relating to 
Medical Department staff corps officers and inserting ``5''.
    (c) Supply Corps Officers.--Paragraph (2)(A) of such 
section is amended by striking ``seven'' and inserting ``six''.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (1) of such section is 
further amended in the matter preceding the table by striking 
``39'' and inserting ``40''.

SEC. 513. MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) MANDATORY SEPARATION.

    (a) Deferral of Separation.--Section 10216 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(f) Deferral of Mandatory Separation.--The Secretary of 
the Army shall implement personnel policies so as to allow a 
military technician (dual status) who continues to meet the 
requirements of this section for dual status to continue to 
serve beyond a mandatory removal date for officers, and any 
applicable maximum years of service limitation, until the 
military technician (dual status) reaches age 60 and attains 
eligibility for an unreduced annuity (as defined in section 
10218(c) of this title).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
implement subsection (f) of section 10216 of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 514. MILITARY RETIREMENT CREDIT FOR CERTAIN SERVICE BY NATIONAL 
                    GUARD MEMBERS PERFORMED WHILE IN A STATE DUTY 
                    STATUS IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE TERRORIST ATTACKS OF 
                    SEPTEMBER 11, 2001.

    (a) Retirement Credit.--Service of a member of the Ready 
Reserve of the Army National Guard or Air National Guard 
described in subsection (b) shall be deemed to be service 
creditable under section 12732(a)(2)(A)(i) of title 10, United 
States Code.
    (b) Covered Service.--Service referred to in subsection (a) 
is full-time State active duty service that a member of the 
National Guard performed on or after September 11, 2001, and 
before October 1, 2002, in any of the counties specified in 
subsection (c) to support a Federal declaration of emergency 
following the terrorist attacks on the United States of 
September 11, 2001.
    (c) Covered Counties.--The counties referred to in 
subsection (b) are the following:
            (1) In the State of New York: Bronx, Kings, New 
        York (boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan), Queens, 
        Richmond, Delaware, Dutchess, Nassau, Orange, Putnam, 
        Rockland, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester.
            (2) In the State of Virginia: Arlington.
    (d) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall take effect as of 
September 11, 2001.

SEC. 515. REDESIGNATION OF THE NAVAL RESERVE AS THE NAVY RESERVE.

    (a) Redesignation of Reserve Component.--
            (1) Redesignation.--The reserve component of the 
        Armed Forces known as the Naval Reserve is redesignated 
        as the Navy Reserve.
            (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 517 of the Ronald 
        W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1884; 10 
        U.S.C. 10101 note) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments to Title 10, United States 
Code.--
            (1) Text amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Naval Reserve'' each place it 
        appears in the following provisions and inserting 
        ``Navy Reserve'':
                    (A) Section 513(a).
                    (B) Section 516.
                    (C) Section 526(b)(2)(C)(i).
                    (D) Section 971(a).
                    (E) Section 5001(a)(1).
                    (F) Section 5143.
                    (G) Section 5596(c).
                    (H) Section 6323(f).
                    (I) Section 6327.
                    (J) Section 6330(b).
                    (K) Section 6331(a)(2).
                    (L) Section 6336.
                    (M) Section 6389.
                    (N) Section 6911(c)(1).
                    (O) Section 6913(a).
                    (P) Section 6915.
                    (Q) Section 6954(b)(3).
                    (R) Section 6956(a)(2).
                    (S) Section 6959.
                    (T) Section 7225.
                    (U) Section 7226.
                    (V) Section 7605(1).
                    (W) Section 7852.
                    (X) Section 7853.
                    (Y) Section 7854.
                    (Z) Section 10101(3).
                    (AA) Section 10108.
                    (BB) Section 10172.
                    (CC) Section 10301(a)(7).
                    (DD) Section 10303.
                    (EE) Section 12004(e)(2).
                    (FF) Section 12005.
                    (GG) Section 12010.
                    (HH) Section 12011(a)(2).
                    (II) Section 12012(a).
                    (JJ) Section 12103.
                    (KK) Section 12205.
                    (LL) Section 12207(b)(2).
                    (MM) Section 12732.
                    (NN) Section 12774(b) (other than the first 
                place it appears).
                    (OO) Section 14002(b).
                    (PP) Section 14101(a)(1).
                    (QQ) Section 14107(d).
                    (RR) Section 14302(a)(1)(A).
                    (SS) Section 14313(b).
                    (TT) Section 14501(a).
                    (UU) Section 14512(b).
                    (VV) Section 14705(a).
                    (WW) Section 16201(d)(1)(B)(ii).
            (2) Subsection caption amendments.--Such title is 
        further amended in sections 971(a) and 5143(a) by 
        striking ``Naval Reserve'' and inserting ``Navy 
        Reserve''.
            (3) Section heading amendments.--Such title is 
        further amended as follows:
                    (A) The heading of section 5143 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 5143. Office of Navy Reserve: appointment of Chief''.

                    (B) The heading of section 6327 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 6327. Officers and enlisted members of the Navy Reserve and 
                    Marine Corps Reserve: 30 years; 20 years; retired 
                    pay''.

                    (C) The heading of section 6389 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 6389. Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve; officers: 
                    elimination from active status; computation of 
                    total commissioned service''.

                    (D) The heading of section 7225 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 7225. Navy Reserve flag''.

                    (E) The heading of section 7226 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 7226. Navy Reserve yacht pennant''.

                    (F) The heading of section 10108 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 10108. Navy Reserve: administration''.

                    (G) The heading of section 10172 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 10172. Navy Reserve Force''.

                    (H) The heading of section 10303 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 10303. Navy Reserve Policy Board''.

                    (I) The heading of section 12010 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 12010. Computations for Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve: 
                    rule when fraction occurs in final result''.

                    (J) The heading of section 14306 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 14306. Establishment of promotion zones: Navy Reserve and Marine 
                    Corps Reserve running mate system''.

            (4) Tables of sections amendments.--Such title is 
        further amended as follows:
                    (A) The item relating to section 5143 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 513 is amended to read as follows:

``5143. Office of Navy Reserve: appointment of Chief.''.

                    (B) The item relating to section 6327 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 571 is amended to read as follows:

``6327. Officers and enlisted members of the Navy Reserve and Marine 
          Corps Reserve: 30 years; 20 years; retired pay.''.

                    (C) The item relating to section 6389 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 573 is amended to read as follows:

``6389. Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve; officers: elimination 
          from active status; computation of total commissioned 
          service.''.

                    (D) The items relating to sections 7225 and 
                7226 in the table of sections at the beginning 
                of chapter 631 are amended to read as follows:

``7225. Navy Reserve flag.
``7226. Navy Reserve yacht pennant.''.

                    (E) The item relating to section 10108 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 1003 is amended to read as follows:

``10108. Navy Reserve: administration.''.

                    (F) The item relating to section 10172 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 1006 is amended to read as follows:

``10172. Navy Reserve Force.''.

                    (G) The item relating to section 10303 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 1009 is amended to read as follows:

``10303. Navy Reserve Policy Board.''.

                    (H) The item relating to section 12010 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 1201 is amended to read as follows:

``12010. Computations for Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve: rule 
          when fraction occurs in final result.''.

                    (I) The item relating to section 14306 in 
                the table of sections at the beginning of 
                chapter 1405 is amended to read as follows:

``14306. Establishment of promotion zones: Navy Reserve and Marine Corps 
          Reserve running mate system.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendment to Title 14, United States Code.--
Section 705 of title 14, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Naval Reserve'' each place it appears and inserting 
``Navy Reserve''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments to Title 37, United States 
Code.--
            (1) Text amendments.--Title 37, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``Naval Reserve'' each place it 
        appears in the following provisions and inserting 
        ``Navy Reserve'':
                    (A) Section 101(24)(C).
                    (B) Section 201(d).
                    (C) Section 205(a)(2)(I).
                    (D) Section 301c(d).
                    (E) Section 319(a).
                    (F) Section 905.
            (2) Subsection caption amendment.--Section 301c(d) 
        of such title is further amended by striking ``Naval 
        Reserve'' and inserting ``Navy Reserve''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments to Title 38, United States 
Code.--Title 38, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``Naval Reserve'' each place it appears in the following 
provisions and inserting ``Navy Reserve'':
            (1) Section 101(27)(B).
            (2) Section 3002(6)(C).
            (3) Section 3202(1)(C)(iii).
            (4) Section 3452(a)(3)(C).
    (f) Conforming Amendments to Other Codified Titles.--
            (1) Title 5, united states code.--Section 
        2108(1)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
        by striking ``Naval Reserve'' and inserting ``Navy 
        Reserve''.
            (2) Title 18, united states code.--Section 2387(b) 
        of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``Naval Reserve'' and inserting ``Navy Reserve''.
            (3) Title 46, united states code.--Title 46, United 
        States Code, is amended as follows:
                    (A) Sections 8103(g) and 8302(g) are 
                amended by striking ``Naval Reserve'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``Navy 
                Reserve''.
                    (B) The heading of section 8103 is amended 
                to read as follows:

``Sec. 8103. Citizenship and Navy Reserve requirements''.

                    (C) The table of sections at the beginning 
                of chapter 81 is amended by striking the item 
                relating to section 8103 and inserting the 
                following new item:

``8103. Citizenship and Navy Reserve requirements.''.

    (g) Conforming Amendments to Other Laws.--
            (1) Section 2301(4)(C) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6671(4)(C)) 
        is amended by striking ``Naval Reserve'' and inserting 
        ``Navy Reserve''.
            (2) The Merchant Marine Act, 1936 is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Naval Reserve'' each 
                place it appears in sections 301(b) (46 U.S.C. 
                App. 1131(b)), 1303 (46 U.S.C. App. 1295b), and 
                1304 (46 U.S.C. App. 1295c) and inserting 
                ``Navy Reserve''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Naval Reserve'' in 
                sections 1303(c) and 1304(h) and inserting 
                ``Navy Reserve'':
            (3) The Military Selective Service Act is amended--
                    (A) in section 6(a)(1) (50 U.S.C. App. 
                456(a)(1)), by striking ``United States Naval 
                Reserves'' and inserting ``members of the 
                United States Navy Reserve''; and
                    (B) in section 16(i) (50 U.S.C. App. 
                466(i)), by striking ``Naval Reserve'' and 
                inserting ``Navy Reserve''.
    (h) Other References.--Any reference in any law, 
regulation, document, record, or other paper of the United 
States to the Naval Reserve, other than a reference to the 
Naval Reserve regarding the United States Naval Reserve Retired 
List, shall be considered to be a reference to the Navy 
Reserve.

SEC. 516. CLARIFICATION OF CERTAIN AUTHORITIES RELATING TO THE 
                    COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVES.

    (a) Nature of Commission.--Subsection (a) of section 513 of 
the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1880) is 
amended by inserting ``in the legislative branch'' after 
``There is established''.
    (b) Pay of Members.--Subsection (e)(1) of such section is 
amended by striking ``except that'' and all that follows 
through the end and inserting ``except that--
            ``(A) in applying the first sentence of subsection 
        (a) of section 957 of such Act to the Commission, `may' 
        shall be substituted for `shall'; and
            ``(B) in applying subsections (a), (c)(2), and (e) 
        of section 957 of such Act to the Commission, `level IV 
        of the Executive Schedule' shall be substituted for 
        `level V of the Executive Schedule'.''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (c)(2)(C) of such 
section is amended by striking ``section 404(a)(4)'' and 
inserting ``section 416(a)(4)''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on October 28, 2004, as if included in the 
enactment of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005.

SEC. 517. REPORT ON EMPLOYMENT MATTERS FOR MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
                    COMPONENTS.

    (a) Requirement for Report.--Not later than 270 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to Congress a report on problems faced by members 
of the reserve components with respect to employment as a 
result of being ordered to perform full-time National Guard 
duty or being ordered to active duty.
    (b) Specific Matters.--In preparing the report under 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General shall include the 
following:
            (1) Type of employers.--An estimate of the number 
        of employers of members of the reserve components who 
        are private-sector employers and the number who are 
        public-sector employers.
            (2) Size of employers.--An estimate of the number 
        of employers of members of the reserve components who 
        employ fewer than 50 full-time employees.
            (3) Self-employed.--An estimate of the number of 
        members of the reserve components who are self-
        employed.
            (4) Nature of business.--A description of the 
        nature of the business of employers of members of the 
        reserve components.
            (5) Reemployment difficulties.--A description of 
        difficulties faced by members of the reserve components 
        in gaining reemployment after having performed full-
        time National Guard duty or active duty, including 
        difficulties faced by members who are disabled as a 
        result of their service.

SEC. 518. DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD STUDY ON DEPLOYMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                    NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVES IN THE GLOBAL WAR ON 
                    TERRORISM.

    (a) Study Required.--The Defense Science Board shall 
conduct a study on the length and frequency of the deployment 
of members of the National Guard and the Reserves as a result 
of the global war on terrorism.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An identification of the current range of 
        lengths and frequencies of deployments of members of 
        the National Guard and the Reserves.
            (2) An assessment of the consequences for force 
        structure, morale, and mission capability of 
        deployments of members of the National Guard and the 
        Reserves in the course of the global war on terrorism 
        that are lengthy, frequent, or both.
            (3) An identification of the optimal length and 
        frequency of deployments of members of the National 
        Guard and the Reserves during the global war on 
        terrorism.
            (4) An identification of mechanisms to reduce the 
        length, frequency, or both of deployments of members of 
        the National Guard and the Reserves during the global 
        war on terrorism.
    (c) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2006, the Defense 
Science Board shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
of Representatives a report on the study required by subsection 
(a). The report shall include the results of the study and such 
recommendations as the Defense Science Board considers 
appropriate in light of the study.

SEC. 519. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON CERTAIN MATTERS RELATING TO THE NATIONAL 
                    GUARD AND RESERVES.

    It is the sense of Congress--
            (1) to recognize the important and integral role 
        played by members of the Active Guard and Reserve and 
        military technicians (dual status) in the efforts of 
        the Armed Forces; and
            (2) to urge the Secretary of Defense to promptly 
        resolve issues relating to appropriate authority for 
        payment of reenlistment bonuses stemming from 
        reenlistment contracts entered into between January 14, 
        2005, and April 17, 2005, involving members of the Army 
        National Guard and military technicians (dual status).

SEC. 520. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED QUALITY OF LIFE FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMY RESERVE AND THEIR FAMILIES.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
        carry out a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of using a coalition of military and 
        civilian community personnel in order to enhance the 
        quality of life for members of the Army Reserve and 
        their families.
            (2) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
        pilot program in areas of the United States in which 
        members of the Army Reserve and their families are 
        concentrated. The Secretary shall select one area in 
        two States for purposes of the pilot program.
    (b) Participating Personnel.--A coalition of personnel 
under the pilot program shall include--
            (1) military personnel; and
            (2) appropriate members of the civilian community, 
        such as clinicians and teachers, who volunteer for 
        participation in the coalition.
    (c) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2007, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a report on the pilot program carried out under 
this section. The report shall include--
            (1) a description of the pilot program;
            (2) an assessment of the benefits of using a 
        coalition of military and civilian community personnel 
        in order to enhance the quality of life for members of 
        the Army Reserve and their families; and
            (3) such recommendations for legislative or 
        administrative action as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate in light of the pilot program.

                   Subtitle C--Education and Training

            PART I--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCHOOLS GENERALLY

SEC. 521. AUTHORITY FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY AWARD OF DEGREE OF 
                    MASTER OF SCIENCE IN JOINT CAMPAIGN PLANNING AND 
                    STRATEGY.

    (a) Joint Forces Staff College Program.--Section 2163 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 2163. National Defense University: master of science degrees

    ``(a) Authority To Award Specified Degrees.--The President 
of the National Defense University, upon the recommendation of 
the faculty of the respective college or other school within 
the University, may confer the master of science degrees 
specified in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Authorized Degrees.--The following degrees may be 
awarded under subsection (a):
            ``(1) Master of science in national security 
        strategy.--The degree of master of science in national 
        security strategy, to graduates of the University who 
        fulfill the requirements of the program of the National 
        War College.
            ``(2) Master of science in national resource 
        strategy.--The degree of master of science in national 
        resource strategy, to graduates of the University who 
        fulfill the requirements of the program of the 
        Industrial College of the Armed Forces.
            ``(3) Master of science in joint campaign planning 
        and strategy.--The degree of master of science in joint 
        campaign planning and strategy, to graduates of the 
        University who fulfill the requirements of the program 
        of the Joint Advanced Warfighting School at the Joint 
        Forces Staff College.
    ``(c) Regulations.--The authority provided by this section 
shall be exercised under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 2163 
in the table of sections at the beginning of chapter 108 of 
such title is amended to read as follows:

``2163. National Defense University: master of science degrees.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--Paragraph (3) of section 2163(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), 
shall take effect for degrees awarded after May 2005.

SEC. 522. AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION SCHOOLS 
                    TO RECEIVE FACULTY RESEARCH GRANTS FOR CERTAIN 
                    PURPOSES.

    (a) National Defense University.--Section 2165 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) Acceptance of Faculty Research Grants.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense may authorize the President of the 
National Defense University to accept qualifying research 
grants. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under 
the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of 
one of the institutions comprising the University for a 
scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(2) A qualifying research grant under this subsection is 
a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity 
referred to in paragraph (3) for a research project with a 
scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(3) A grant may be accepted under this subsection only 
from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, 
or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for 
scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall establish an account for 
administering funds received as research grants under this 
subsection. The President of the University shall use the funds 
in the account in accordance with applicable provisions of the 
regulations and the terms and condition of the grants received.
    ``(5) Subject to such limitations as may be provided in 
appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the National 
Defense University may be used to pay expenses incurred by the 
University in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the award 
of qualifying research grants.
    ``(6) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the 
administration of this subsection.''.
    (b) Army War College.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 407 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 4417. United States Army War College: acceptance of grants for 
                    faculty research for scientific, literary, and 
                    educational purposes

    ``(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.--The Secretary of the 
Army may authorize the Commandant of the United States Army War 
College to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant 
may only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be 
carried out by a professor or instructor of the College for a 
scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(b) Qualifying Grants.--A qualifying research grant under 
this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis 
by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research 
project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.--A grant 
may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, 
fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity 
that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, 
literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(d) Administration of Grant Funds.--The Secretary shall 
establish an account for administering funds received as 
research grants under this section. The Commandant shall use 
the funds in the account in accordance with applicable 
provisions of the regulations and the terms and condition of 
the grants received.
    ``(e) Related Expenses.--Subject to such limitations as may 
be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available 
for the Army War College may be used to pay expenses incurred 
by the College in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the 
award of qualifying research grants.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``4417. United States Army War College: acceptance of grants for faculty 
          research for scientific, literary, and educational 
          purposes.''.

    (c) United States Naval Postgraduate School.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 605 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 7050. Grants for faculty research for scientific, literary, and 
                    educational purposes: acceptance; authorized 
                    grantees

    ``(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may authorize the President of the Naval Postgraduate 
School to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may 
only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried 
out by a professor or instructor of the School for a 
scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(b) Qualifying Grants.--A qualifying research grant under 
this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis 
by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research 
project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.--A grant 
may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, 
fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity 
that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, 
literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(d) Administration of Grant Funds.--The Secretary shall 
establish an account for administering funds received as 
research grants under this section. The President of the Naval 
Postgraduate School shall use the funds in the account in 
accordance with applicable provisions of the regulations and 
the terms and condition of the grants received.
    ``(e) Related Expenses.--Subject to such limitations as may 
be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available 
for the Naval Postgraduate School may be used to pay expenses 
incurred by the School in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, 
the award of qualifying research grants.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``7050. Grants for faculty research for scientific, literary, and 
          educational purposes: acceptance, authorized grantees.''.

    (d) Naval War College and Marine Corps University.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 609 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sections:

``Sec. 7103. Naval War College: acceptance of grants for faculty 
                    research for scientific, literary, and educational 
                    purposes

    ``(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may authorize the President of the Naval War College to 
accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may only be 
accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by a 
professor or instructor of the College for a scientific, 
literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(b) Qualifying Grants.--A qualifying research grant under 
this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis 
by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research 
project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.--A grant 
may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, 
fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity 
that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, 
literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(d) Administration of Grant Funds.--The Secretary shall 
establish an account for administering funds received as 
research grants under this section. The President of the Naval 
War College shall use the funds in the account in accordance 
with applicable provisions of the regulations and the terms and 
condition of the grants received.
    ``(e) Related Expenses.--Subject to such limitations as may 
be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available 
for the Naval War College may be used to pay expenses incurred 
by the College in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the 
award of qualifying research grants.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section.

``Sec. 7104. Marine Corps University: acceptance of grants for faculty 
                    research for scientific, literary, and educational 
                    purposes

    ``(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may authorize the President of the Marine Corps University 
to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may only 
be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by 
a professor or instructor of one of the institutions comprising 
the University for a scientific, literary, or educational 
purpose.
    ``(b) Qualifying Grants.--A qualifying research grant under 
this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis 
by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research 
project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.--A grant 
may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, 
fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity 
that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, 
literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(d) Administration of Grant Funds.--The Secretary shall 
establish an account for administering funds received as 
research grants under this section. The President of the Marine 
Corps University shall use the funds in the account in 
accordance with applicable provisions of the regulations and 
the terms and condition of the grants received.
    ``(e) Related Expenses.--Subject to such limitations as may 
be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available 
for the Marine Corps University may be used to pay expenses 
incurred by the University in applying for, and otherwise 
pursuing, the award of qualifying research grants.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new items:

``7103. Naval War College: acceptance of grants for faculty research for 
          scientific, literary, and educational purposes.
``7104. Marine Corps University: acceptance of grants for faculty 
          research for scientific, literary, and educational 
          purposes.''.

    (e) United States Air Force Institute of Technology.--
Section 9314 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Acceptance of Research Grants.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Air Force may authorize the Commandant of the United States 
Air Force Institute of Technology to accept qualifying research 
grants. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under 
the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of 
the Institute for a scientific, literary, or educational 
purpose.
    ``(2) A qualifying research grant under this subsection is 
a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity 
referred to in paragraph (3) for a research project with a 
scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(3) A grant may be accepted under this subsection only 
from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, 
or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for 
scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall establish an account for 
administering funds received as research grants under this 
section. The Commandant of the Institute shall use the funds in 
the account in accordance with applicable provisions of the 
regulations and the terms and condition of the grants received.
    ``(5) Subject to such limitations as may be provided in 
appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the Institute 
may be used to pay expenses incurred by the Institute in 
applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the award of qualifying 
research grants.
    ``(6) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the 
administration of this subsection.''.
    (f) Air War College.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 907 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 9417. Air War College: acceptance of grants for faculty research 
                    for scientific, literary, and educational purposes

    ``(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.--The Secretary of the 
Air Force may authorize the Commandant of the Air War College 
to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may only 
be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by 
a professor or instructor of the College for a scientific, 
literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(b) Qualifying Grants.--A qualifying research grant under 
this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis 
by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research 
project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
    ``(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.--A grant 
may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, 
fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity 
that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, 
literary, or educational purposes.
    ``(d) Administration of Grant Funds.--The Secretary shall 
establish an account for administering funds received as 
research grants under this section. The Commandant shall use 
the funds in the account in accordance with applicable 
provisions of the regulations and the terms and condition of 
the grants received.
    ``(e) Related Expenses.--Subject to such limitations as may 
be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available 
for the Air War College may be used to pay expenses incurred by 
the College in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the award 
of qualifying research grants.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``9417. Air War College: acceptance of grants for faculty research for 
          scientific, literary, and educational purposes.''.

            PART II--UNITED STATES NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL

SEC. 523. REVISION TO MISSION OF THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL.

    (a) Inclusion of Professional Education and Research 
Opportunities.--The text of section 7041 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    `` There is a United States Naval Postgraduate School, the 
primary function of which is to provide advanced instruction 
and professional and technical education and research 
opportunities for commissioned officers of the naval service 
in--
            ``(1) their practical and theoretical duties;
            ``(2) the science, physics, and systems engineering 
        of current and future naval warfare doctrine, 
        operations, and systems; and
            ``(3) the integration of naval operations and 
        systems into joint, combined, and multinational 
        operations.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 7042(b)(1) of such title 
is amended by striking ``and technical education of students'' 
and inserting ``and professional and technical education of 
students and the provision of research opportunities for 
students''.

SEC. 524. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR POSITION OF PRESIDENT OF THE 
                    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL.

    Subsection (a) of section 7042 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) The President of the Naval Postgraduate School 
shall be one of the following:
            ``(A) An officer of the Navy in a grade not below 
        the grade of captain who is detailed to such position.
            ``(B) A civilian individual having qualifications 
        appropriate to the position of President of the Naval 
        Postgraduate School who is assigned to such position.
    ``(2) The President of the Naval Postgraduate School shall 
be detailed or assigned to such position by the Secretary of 
the Navy, upon the recommendation of the Chief of Naval 
Operations.
    ``(3) An individual assigned to the position of President 
of the Naval Postgraduate School under paragraph (1)(B) shall 
serve in that position for a term of not more than five years 
and may be reassigned to that position for an additional term 
of up to five years.
    ``(4) The qualifications appropriate for selection for 
detail or assignment to the position of President of the Naval 
Postgraduate School include the following:
            ``(A) A doctorate degree in a field of study 
        relevant to the mission and function of the Naval 
        Postgraduate School, in the case of a civilian, or a 
        doctorate or master's degree in such a field of study, 
        in the case of an officer of the Navy.
            ``(B) A comprehensive understanding of the Navy, 
        the Department of Defense, and joint and combined 
        operations.
            ``(C) Leadership experience at the senior level in 
        a large and diverse organization.
            ``(D) Demonstrated ability to foster and encourage 
        a program of research in order to sustain academic 
        excellence.
            ``(E) Other qualifications, as determined by the 
        Secretary of the Navy.''.

SEC. 525. INCREASED ENROLLMENT FOR ELIGIBLE DEFENSE INDUSTRY EMPLOYEES 
                    IN THE DEFENSE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM AT NAVAL 
                    POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL.

    Section 7049(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and systems engineering'' after 
        ``curriculum related to defense product development''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``10'' and inserting ``25''.

SEC. 526. INSTRUCTION FOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL BY THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE 
                    SCHOOL.

    (a) Expanded Eligibility for Instruction.--Section 7045 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (D);
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraph (C):
                    ``(C) The Secretary may permit an eligible 
                enlisted member of the Navy or Marine Corps to 
                receive instruction from the Postgraduate 
                School in certificate programs and courses 
                required for the performance of the member's 
                duties.''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D), as so 
                redesignated, by striking ``(A) and (B)'' and 
                inserting ``(A), (B), and (C)''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``(a)(2)(C)'' 
        and inserting ``(a)(2)(D)''.
    (b) Limitation on Degree Awards.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Secretary may not award a baccalaureate, masters, 
or doctorate degree to an enlisted member based upon 
instruction received at the Postgraduate School under 
subsection (a)(2)(C).''.
    (c) Report on Rationale and Plans of the Navy to Provide 
Enlisted Members an Opportunity to Obtain Graduate Degrees.--
The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committee on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a report on the plans, 
if any, of the Secretary, and the rationale for those plans, 
for a program to provide enlisted members of the Navy with 
opportunities to pursue graduate degree programs either through 
Navy schools or paid for by the Navy in return for an 
additional service obligation. The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) The underlying philosophy and objectives 
        supporting a decision to provide opportunities for 
        graduate degrees to enlisted members of the Navy.
            (2) An overall description of how the award of a 
        graduate degree to an enlisted member would fit in an 
        integrated, progressive, coordinated, and systematic 
        way into the goals and requirements of the Navy for 
        enlisted career development and for professional 
        education, together with a discussion of a wider 
        requirement, if any, for programs for the award of 
        associate and baccalaureate degrees to enlisted 
        members, particularly in the career fields under 
        consideration for the pilot program referred to in 
        subsection (d).
            (3) A discussion of the scope and details of the 
        plan to ensure that Navy enlisted members have the 
        requisite academic baccalaureate degrees as a 
        prerequisite for undertaking graduate-level work.
            (4) Identification of the specific enlisted career 
        fields for which the Secretary has determined that a 
        graduate degree should be a requirement, as well as the 
        rationale for that determination.
            (5) A description of the concept of the Secretary 
        for the process and mechanism of providing graduate 
        degrees to enlisted members, including, at a minimum, 
        the Secretary's plan for whether the degree programs 
        would be provided through civilian or military degree-
        granting institutions and whether through in-resident 
        or distance learning or some combination thereof.
            (6) A description of the plan to ensure proper and 
        effective utilization of enlisted members following the 
        award of a graduate degree.
    (d) Plan for Pilot Program.--In addition to the report 
under subsection (c), the Secretary of the Navy may submit a 
plan for a pilot program to make available opportunities to 
pursue graduate degree programs to a limited number of Navy 
enlisted members in a specific, limited set of critical career 
fields. Such a plan shall include, as a minimum, the following:
            (1) The specific objectives of the pilot program.
            (2) An identification of the specific enlisted 
        career fields from which candidates for the program 
        would be drawn, the numbers and prerequisite 
        qualifications of initial candidates, and the process 
        for selecting the enlisted members who would initially 
        participate.
            (3) The process and mechanism for providing the 
        degrees, described in the same manner as specified 
        under subsection (c)(5), and a general description of 
        course content.
            (4) An analysis of the cost effectiveness of using 
        Navy, other service, or civilian degree granting 
        institutions in the program.
            (5) The plan for post-graduation utilization of the 
        enlisted members who obtain graduate degrees under the 
        program.
            (6) The criteria and plan for assessing whether the 
        objectives of the program are met.

               PART III--RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS

SEC. 531. REPEAL OF LIMITATION ON AMOUNT OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER 
                    ROTC SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS.

    (a) General ROTC Program.--Section 2107(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (4); and
            (2) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking ``, (3), or 
        (4)'' and inserting ``or (3)''.
    (b) Army Reserve and Army National Guard Program.--Section 
2107a(c) of such title is amended by striking paragraph (3).
    (c) Effective Date.--Paragraph (4) of section 2107(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, and paragraph (3) of section 
2107a(c) of such title, as in effect on the day before the date 
of the enactment of this Act, shall continue to apply in the 
case of any individual selected before the date of the 
enactment of this Act for appointment as a cadet or midshipman 
under section 2107 or 2107a of such title.

SEC. 532. INCREASE IN ANNUAL LIMIT ON NUMBER OF ROTC SCHOLARSHIPS UNDER 
                    ARMY RESERVE AND NATIONAL GUARD PROGRAM .

    Section 2107a(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``208'' and inserting ``416''.

SEC. 533. PROCEDURES FOR SUSPENDING FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND 
                    SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCE FOR SENIOR ROTC CADETS AND 
                    MIDSHIPMEN ON THE BASIS OF HEALTH-RELATED 
                    CONDITIONS.

    (a) Requirements.--Section 2107 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(j)(1) Payment of financial assistance under this section 
for, and payment of a monthly subsistence allowance under 
section 209 of title 37 to, a cadet or midshipman appointed 
under this section may be suspended on the basis of health-
related incapacity of the cadet or midshipman only in 
accordance with regulations prescribed under paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
regulations the policies and procedures for suspending payments 
under paragraph (1). The regulations shall apply uniformly to 
all of the military departments. The regulations shall include 
the following matters:
            ``(A) The standards of health-related fitness that 
        are to be applied.
            ``(B) Requirements for--
                    ``(i) the health-related condition and 
                prognosis of a cadet or midshipman to be 
                determined, in relation to the applicable 
                standards prescribed under subparagraph (A), by 
                a health care professional on the basis of a 
                medical examination of the cadet or midshipman; 
                and
                    ``(ii) the Secretary concerned to take into 
                consideration the determinations made under 
                clause (i) with respect to such condition in 
                deciding whether to suspend payment in the case 
                of such cadet or midshipman on the basis of 
                that condition.
            ``(C) A requirement for the Secretary concerned to 
        transmit to a cadet or midshipman proposed for 
        suspension under this subsection a notification of the 
        proposed suspension together with the determinations 
        made under subparagraph (B)(i) in the case of the 
        proposed suspension.
            ``(D) A procedure for a cadet or midshipman 
        proposed for suspension under this subsection to submit 
        a written response to the proposal for suspension, 
        including any supporting information.
            ``(E) Requirements for--
                    ``(i) one or more health-care professionals 
                to review, in the case of such a response of a 
                cadet or midshipman, each health-related 
                condition and prognosis addressed in the 
                response, taking into consideration the matters 
                submitted in such response; and
                    ``(ii) the Secretary concerned to take into 
                consideration the determinations made under 
                clause (i) with respect to such condition in 
                making a final decision regarding whether to 
                suspend payment in the case of such cadet or 
                midshipman on the basis of that condition, and 
                the conditions under which such suspension may 
                be lifted.''.
    (b) Time for Promulgation of Regulations.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall prescribe the regulations required under 
subsection (j) of section 2107 of title 10, United States Code 
(as added by subsection (a)), not later than May 1, 2006.

SEC. 534. ELIGIBILITY OF UNITED STATES NATIONALS FOR APPOINTMENT TO THE 
                    SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2107(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``or national'' after 
``citizen''.
    (b) Army Reserve Officers Training Programs.--Section 
2107a(b)(1)(A) of such title is amended by inserting ``or 
national'' after ``citizen''.
    (c) Eligibility for Appointment as Commissioned Officers.--
Section 532(f) of such title is amended by inserting ``, or for 
a United States national otherwise eligible for appointment as 
a cadet or midshipman under section 2107(a) of this title or as 
a cadet under section 2107a of this title,'' after ``for 
permanent residence''.

SEC. 535. PROMOTION OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE SKILLS AMONG MEMBERS OF THE 
                    RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall support the 
acquisition of foreign language skills among cadets and 
midshipmen in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, including 
through the development and implementation of--
            (1) incentives for cadets and midshipmen to 
        participate in study of a foreign language, including 
        special emphasis for Arabic, Chinese, and other 
        ``strategic languages'', as defined by the Secretary of 
        Defense in consultation with other relevant agencies; 
        and
            (2) a recruiting strategy to target foreign 
        language speakers, including members of heritage 
        communities, to participate in the Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committee on Armed Services the Senate and the Committee 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on 
the actions taken to carry out this section.

SEC. 536. DESIGNATION OF IKE SKELTON EARLY COMMISSIONING PROGRAM 
                    SCHOLARSHIPS.

    Section 2107a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Financial assistance provided under this section to a 
cadet appointed at a military junior college is designated as, 
and shall be known as, an `Ike Skelton Early Commissioning 
Program Scholarship'.''.

                         PART IV--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 537. ENHANCEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL LOAN REPAYMENT AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Additional Loans Eligible for Repayment.--Paragraph (1) 
of section 2171(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
        following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) any loan incurred for educational purposes 
        made by a lender that is--
                    ``(i) an agency or instrumentality of a 
                State;
                    ``(ii) a financial or credit institution 
                (including an insurance company) that is 
                subject to examination and supervision by an 
                agency of the United States or any State;
                    ``(iii) a pension fund approved by the 
                Secretary for purposes of this section; or
                    ``(iv) a non-profit private entity 
                designated by a State, regulated by such State, 
                and approved by the Secretary for purposes of 
                this section.''.
    (b) Eligibility of Officers.--Paragraph (2) of such section 
is amended by striking ``an enlisted member in a military 
specialty'' and inserting ``a member in an officer program or 
military specialty''.

SEC. 538. PAYMENT OF EXPENSES OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO OBTAIN 
                    PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 2015. Payment of expenses to obtain professional credentials

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard 
when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may pay 
for--
            ``(1) expenses for members of the armed forces to 
        obtain professional credentials, including expenses for 
        professional accreditation, State-imposed and 
        professional licenses, and professional certification; 
        and
            ``(2) examinations to obtain such credentials.
    ``(b) Limitation.--The authority under subsection (a) may 
not be used to pay the expenses of a member to obtain 
professional credentials that are a prerequisite for 
appointment in the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``2015. Payment of expenses to obtain professional credentials.''.

SEC. 539. USE OF RESERVE MONTGOMERY GI BILL BENEFITS AND BENEFITS FOR 
                    MOBILIZED MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE AND 
                    NATIONAL GUARD FOR PAYMENTS FOR LICENSING OR 
                    CERTIFICATION TESTS.

    (a) Chapter 1606.--Section 16131 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(j)(1) Subject to paragraph (3), the amount of 
educational assistance payable under this chapter for a 
licensing or certification test described in section 3452(b) of 
title 38 is the lesser of $2,000 or the fee charged for the 
test.
    ``(2) The number of months of entitlement charged in the 
case of any individual for such licensing or certification test 
is equal to the number (including any fraction) determined by 
dividing the total amount of educational assistance paid such 
individual for such test by the full-time monthly institutional 
rate of educational assistance which, but for paragraph (1), 
such individual would otherwise be paid under subsection (b).
    ``(3) In no event shall payment of educational assistance 
under this subsection for such a test exceed the amount of the 
individual's available entitlement under this chapter.''.
    (b) Chapter 1607.--Section 16162 of such title is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Availability of Assistance for Licensing and 
Certification Tests.--The provisions of section 16131(j) of 
this title shall apply to the provision of educational 
assistance under this chapter, except that, in applying such 
section under this chapter, the reference to subsection (b) in 
paragraph (2) of such section is deemed to be a reference to 
subsection (c) of this section.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply to a licensing or certification test administered 
on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 540. MODIFICATION OF EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR RESERVES 
                    SUPPORTING CONTINGENCY AND OTHER OPERATIONS.

    (a) Official Receiving Elections of Benefits.--Section 
16163(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs''.
    (b) Exception to Immediate Termination of Assistance.--
Section 16165 of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Educational assistance'' and 
        inserting ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in 
        subsection (b), educational assistance''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Exception.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, educational assistance may be provided 
under this chapter to a member of the Selected Reserve of the 
Ready Reserve who incurs a break in service in the Selected 
Reserve of not more than 90 days if the member continues to 
serve in the Ready Reserve during and after such break in 
service.''.

                Subtitle D--General Service Requirements

SEC. 541. GROUND COMBAT AND OTHER EXCLUSION POLICIES.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Chapter 37 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by inserting after section 651 the following 
        new section:

``Sec. 652. Notice to Congress of proposed changes in units, 
                    assignments, etc. to which female members may be 
                    assigned

    ``(a) Rule for Ground Combat Personnel Policy.--(1) If the 
Secretary of Defense proposes to make any change described in 
paragraph (2)(A) or (2)(B) to the ground combat exclusion 
policy or proposes to make a change described in paragraph 
(2)(C), the Secretary shall, before any such change is 
implemented, submit to Congress a report providing notice of 
the proposed change. Such a change may then be implemented only 
after the end of a period of 30 days of continuous session of 
Congress (excluding any day on which either House of Congress 
is not in session) following the date on which the report is 
received.
    ``(2) A change referred to in paragraph (1) is a change 
that--
                    ``(A) closes to female members of the armed 
                forces any category of unit or position that at 
                that time is open to service by such members;
                    ``(B) opens to service by female members of 
                the armed forces any category of unit or 
                position that at that time is closed to service 
                by such members; or
                    ``(C) opens or closes to the assignment of 
                female members of the armed forces any military 
                career designator as described in paragraph 
                (6).
    ``(3) The Secretary shall include in any report under 
paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) a detailed description of, and 
                justification for, the proposed change; and
                    ``(B) a detailed analysis of legal 
                implication of the proposed change with respect 
                to the constitutionality of the application of 
                the Military Selective Service Act (50 App. 
                U.S.C. 451 et seq.) to males only.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `ground combat exclusion 
policy' means the military personnel policies of the Department 
of Defense and the military departments, as in effect on 
October 1, 1994, by which female members of the armed forces 
are restricted from assignment to units and positions below 
brigade level whose primary mission is to engage in direct 
combat on the ground.
    ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, the continuity of a 
session of Congress is broken only by an adjournment of the 
Congress sine die.
    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection, a military career 
designator is one that is related to military operations on the 
ground as of May 18, 2005, and applies--
            ``(A) for enlisted members and warrant officers, to 
        military occupational specialties, specialty codes, 
        enlisted designators, enlisted classification codes, 
        additional skill identifiers, and special qualification 
        identifiers; and
            ``(B) for officers (other than warrant officers), 
        to officer areas of concentration, occupational 
        specialties, specialty codes, designators, additional 
        skill identifiers, and special qualification 
        identifiers.
    ``(b) Other Personnel Policy Changes.--(1) Except in a case 
covered by section 6035 of this title or by subsection (a), 
whenever the Secretary of Defense proposes to make a change to 
military personnel policies described in paragraph (2), the 
Secretary shall, not less than 30 days before such change is 
implemented, submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives notice, in writing, of the proposed change.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to a proposed military 
personnel policy change, other than a policy change covered by 
subsection (a), that would make available to female members of 
the armed forces assignment to any of the following that, as of 
the date of the proposed change, is closed to such assignment:
    ``(A) Any type of unit not covered by subsection (a).
    ``(B) Any class of combat vessel.
    ``(C) Any type of combat platform.''.
            (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such 
        chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 651 the following new item:

``652. Notice to Congress of proposed changes in units, assignments, 
          etc. to which female members may be assigned.''.

    (b) Report on Implementation of Department of Defense 
Policies With Regard to the Assignment of Women.--Not later 
than March 31, 2006, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report of 
the Secretary's review of the current and future implementation 
of the policy regarding the assignment of women as articulated 
in the Secretary of Defense memorandum, dated January 13, 1994, 
and entitled, ``Direct Ground Combat Definition and Assignment 
Rule''. In conducting that review, the Secretary shall closely 
examine Army unit modularization efforts, and associated 
personnel assignment policies, to ensure their compliance with 
the Department of Defense policy articulated in the January 
1994 memorandum.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 542 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
repealed.

SEC. 542. UNIFORM CITIZENSHIP OR RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR ENLISTMENT 
                    IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Uniform Requirements.--Section 504 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Insanity, Desertion, Felons, 
        Etc.--'' before ``No person''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Citizenship or Residency.--(1) A person may be 
enlisted in any armed force only if the person is one of the 
following:
            ``(A) A national of the United States, as defined 
        in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)).
            ``(B) An alien who is lawfully admitted for 
        permanent residence, as defined in section 101(a)(20) 
        of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(20)).
            ``(C) A person described in section 341 of one of 
        the following compacts:
                    ``(i) The Compact of Free Association 
                between the Federated States of Micronesia and 
                the United States (section 201(a) of Public Law 
                108-188 (117 Stat. 2784; 48 U.S.C. 1921 note)).
                    ``(ii) The Compact of Free Association 
                between the Republic of the Marshall Islands 
                and the United States (section 201(b) of Public 
                Law 108-188 (117 Stat. 2823; 48 U.S.C. 1921 
                note)).
                    ``(iii) The Compact of Free Association 
                between Palau and the United States (section 
                201 of Public Law 99-658 (100 Stat. 3678; 48 
                U.S.C. 1931 note)).
    ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Secretary 
concerned may authorize the enlistment of a person not 
described in paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that 
such enlistment is vital to the national interest.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Limitations for the Army and Air 
Force.--
            (1) Repeal.--Sections 3253 and 8253 of such title 
        are repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 333 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 3253. The 
        table of sections at the beginning of chapter 833 of 
        such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 8253.

SEC. 543. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AGE FOR ENLISTMENT.

    Section 505(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``thirty-five years of age'' and inserting ``forty-
two years of age''.

SEC. 544. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM TERM OF ORIGINAL ENLISTMENT IN REGULAR 
                    COMPONENT.

    Section 505(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``six years'' and inserting ``eight years''.

SEC. 545. NATIONAL CALL TO SERVICE PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation to Domestic National Service Programs.--
Subsection (c)(3)(D) of section 510 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``in the Peace Corps, Americorps, 
or another national service program'' and inserting ``in 
Americorps or another domestic national service program''.
    (b) Extension of Qualifying Service for Initial Military 
Service Under Program.--Subsection (d) of such title section is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``and shall include military occupational 
specialties for enlistments for officer training and subsequent 
service as an officer, in cases in which the reason for the 
enlistment and entry into an agreement under subsection (b) is 
to enter an officer training program''.
    (c) Administration of Education Incentives by Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs.--Paragraph (2) of subsection (h) of such 
section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2)(A) Educational assistance under paragraphs (3) or (4) 
of subsection (e) shall be provided through the Department of 
Veterans Affairs under an agreement to be entered into by the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. The 
agreements shall include administrative procedures to ensure 
the prompt and timely transfer of funds from the Secretary 
concerned to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for the making 
of payments under this section.
    ``(B) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the 
provisions of sections 503, 511, 3470, 3471, 3474, 3476, 
3482(g), 3483, and 3485 of title 38 and the provisions of 
subchapters I and II of chapter 36 of such title (with the 
exception of sections 3686(a), 3687, and 3692) shall be 
applicable to the provision of educational assistance under 
this chapter. The term `eligible veteran' and the term 
`person', as used in those provisions, shall be deemed for the 
purpose of the application of those provisions to this section 
to refer to a person eligible for educational assistance under 
paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (e).''.

SEC. 546. REPORTS ON INFORMATION PROVIDED TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS AND TO 
                    NEW ENTRANTS INTO THE ARMED FORCES ON ``STOP LOSS'' 
                    AUTHORITIES AND INITIAL PERIOD OF MILITARY SERVICE 
                    OBLIGATION.

    (a) Report on Information Provided to Potential Recruits.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives a report on the actions 
        being taken to ensure that each individual being 
        recruited for service in the Armed Forces is provided, 
        before making a formal enlistment in the Armed Forces, 
        precise and detailed information on the period or 
        periods of service to which such individual may be 
        obligated by reason of enlistment in the Armed Forces, 
        including any revisions to Department of Defense Form 
        4/1.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) a description of how the Department 
                informs enlistees in the Armed Forces on--
                            (i) the so-called ``stop loss'' 
                        authority and the manner in which 
                        exercise of such authority could affect 
                        the duration of an individual's service 
                        on active duty in the Armed Forces;
                            (ii) the authority for the call or 
                        order to active duty of members of the 
                        Individual Ready Reserve and the manner 
                        in which such a call or order to active 
                        duty could affect an individual 
                        following the completion of the 
                        individual's expected period of service 
                        on active duty or in the Individual 
                        Ready Reserve; and
                            (iii) any other authorities 
                        applicable to the call or order to 
                        active duty of the Reserves, or of the 
                        retention of members of the Armed 
                        Forces on active duty, that could 
                        affect the period of service of an 
                        individual on active duty or in the 
                        Armed Forces; and
                    (B) such other information as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
    (b) Report on Information Provided to New Entrants and 
Other Service Members.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives a report on the actions 
        being taken to ensure that each individual covered by 
        section 651(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        provided, upon commencing that person's initial period 
        of service as a member of the Armed Forces and at other 
        points during a military career, precise information 
        regarding the date on which the initial service 
        obligation of that person under such section ends.
            (2) Elements of report.--The report under 
        subsection (a) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of how the Department 
                notifies members of the Armed Forces of--
                            (i) the completion date of their 
                        military service obligation upon entry 
                        in the Armed Forces;
                            (ii) the expiration of their 
                        military service obligation; and
                            (iii) before the expiration of a 
                        member's military service obligation, 
                        the opportunity, if the member is 
                        qualified and serving in the Individual 
                        Ready Reserve, to continue voluntarily 
                        in the Ready Reserve or to transfer to 
                        an active component.
                    (B) A description of the policy and 
                procedures of the Department of Defense 
                regarding the involuntary recall or 
                mobilization of members serving in the 
                Individual Ready Reserve beyond the date of 
                expiration of their military service 
                obligation.
                    (C) Such other information as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.

       Subtitle E--Military Justice and Legal Assistance Matters

SEC. 551. OFFENSE OF STALKING UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                    JUSTICE.

    (a) Establishment of Offense.--
            (1) New punitive article.--Subchapter X of chapter 
        47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), is amended by inserting after 
        section 920 (article 120) the following new section:

``Sec. 920a. Art. 120a. Stalking

    ``(a) Any person subject to this section--
            ``(1) who wrongfully engages in a course of conduct 
        directed at a specific person that would cause a 
        reasonable person to fear death or bodily harm, 
        including sexual assault, to himself or herself or a 
        member of his or her immediate family;
            ``(2) who has knowledge, or should have knowledge, 
        that the specific person will be placed in reasonable 
        fear of death or bodily harm, including sexual assault, 
        to himself or herself or a member of his or her 
        immediate family; and
            ``(3) whose acts induce reasonable fear in the 
        specific person of death or bodily harm, including 
        sexual assault, to himself or herself or to a member of 
        his or her immediate family;
is guilty of stalking and shall be punished as a court-martial 
may direct.
    ``(b) In this section:
            ``(1) The term `course of conduct' means--
                    ``(A) a repeated maintenance of visual or 
                physical proximity to a specific person; or
                    ``(B) a repeated conveyance of verbal 
                threat, written threats, or threats implied by 
                conduct, or a combination of such threats, 
                directed at or toward a specific person.
            ``(2) The term `repeated', with respect to conduct, 
        means two or more occasions of such conduct.
            ``(3) The term `immediate family', in the case of a 
        specific person, means a spouse, parent, child, or 
        sibling of the person, or any other family member, 
        relative, or intimate partner of the person who 
        regularly resides in the household of the person or who 
        within the six months preceding the commencement of the 
        course of conduct regularly resided in the household of 
        the person.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such subchapter is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 920 the 
        following new item:

``920a. 120a. Stalking.''.

    (b) Applicability.--Section 920a of title 10, United States 
Code (article 120a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by subsection (a), applies to offenses committed after 
the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 552. RAPE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND OTHER SEXUAL MISCONDUCT UNDER 
                    UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Revision to UCMJ.--
            (1) In general.--Section 920 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 920. Art. 120. Rape, sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct

    ``(a) Rape.--Any person subject to this chapter who causes 
another person of any age to engage in a sexual act by--
            ``(1) using force against that other person;
            ``(2) causing grievous bodily harm to any person;
            ``(3) threatening or placing that other person in 
        fear that any person will be subjected to death, 
        grievous bodily harm, or kidnapping;
            ``(4) rendering another person unconscious; or
            ``(5) administering to another person by force or 
        threat of force, or without the knowledge or permission 
        of that person, a drug, intoxicant, or other similar 
        substance and thereby substantially impairs the ability 
        of that other person to appraise or control conduct;
is guilty of rape and shall be punished as a court-martial may 
direct.
    ``(b) Rape of a Child.--Any person subject to this chapter 
who--
            ``(1) engages in a sexual act with a child who has 
        not attained the age of 12 years; or
            ``(2) engages in a sexual act under the 
        circumstances described in subsection (a) with a child 
        who has attained the age of 12 years;
is guilty of rape of a child and shall be punished as a court-
martial may direct.
    ``(c) Aggravated Sexual Assault.--Any person subject to 
this chapter who--
            ``(1) causes another person of any age to engage in 
        a sexual act by--
                    ``(A) threatening or placing that other 
                person in fear (other than by threatening or 
                placing that other person in fear that any 
                person will be subjected to death, grievous 
                bodily harm, or kidnapping); or
                    ``(B) causing bodily harm; or
            ``(2) engages in a sexual act with another person 
        of any age if that other person is substantially 
        incapacitated or substantially incapable of--
                    ``(A) appraising the nature of the sexual 
                act;
                    ``(B) declining participation in the sexual 
                act; or
                    ``(C) communicating unwillingness to engage 
                in the sexual act;
is guilty of aggravated sexual assault and shall be punished as 
a court-martial may direct.
    ``(d) Aggravated Sexual Assault of a Child.--Any person 
subject to this chapter who engages in a sexual act with a 
child who has attained the age of 12 years is guilty of 
aggravated sexual assault of a child and shall be punished as a 
court-martial may direct.
    ``(e) Aggravated Sexual Contact.--Any person subject to 
this chapter who engages in or causes sexual contact with or by 
another person, if to do so would violate subsection (a) (rape) 
had the sexual contact been a sexual act, is guilty of 
aggravated sexual contact and shall be punished as a court-
martial may direct.
    ``(f) Aggravated Sexual Abuse of a Child.--Any person 
subject to this chapter who engages in a lewd act with a child 
is guilty of aggravated sexual abuse of a child and shall be 
punished as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(g) Aggravated Sexual Contact With a Child.--Any person 
subject to this chapter who engages in or causes sexual contact 
with or by another person, if to do so would violate subsection 
(b) (rape of a child) had the sexual contact been a sexual act, 
is guilty of aggravated sexual contact with a child and shall 
be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(h) Abusive Sexual Contact.--Any person subject to this 
chapter who engages in or causes sexual contact with or by 
another person, if to do so would violate subsection (c) 
(aggravated sexual assault) had the sexual contact been a 
sexual act, is guilty of abusive sexual contact and shall be 
punished as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(i) Abusive Sexual Contact With a Child.--Any person 
subject to this chapter who engages in or causes sexual contact 
with or by another person, if to do so would violate subsection 
(d) (aggravated sexual assault of a child) had the sexual 
contact been a sexual act, is guilty of abusive sexual contact 
with a child and shall be punished as a court-martial may 
direct.
    ``(j) Indecent Liberty With a Child.--Any person subject to 
this chapter who engages in indecent liberty in the physical 
presence of a child--
            ``(1) with the intent to arouse, appeal to, or 
        gratify the sexual desire of any person; or
            ``(2) with the intent to abuse, humiliate, or 
        degrade any person;
 is guilty of indecent liberty with a child and shall be 
punished as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(k) Indecent Act.--Any person subject to this chapter who 
engages in indecent conduct is guilty of an indecent act and 
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(l) Forcible Pandering.--Any person subject to this 
chapter who compels another person to engage in an act of 
prostitution with another person to be directed to said person 
is guilty of forcible pandering and shall be punished as a 
court-martial may direct.
    ``(m) Wrongful Sexual Contact.--Any person subject to this 
chapter who, without legal justification or lawful 
authorization, engages in sexual contact with another person 
without that other person's permission is guilty of wrongful 
sexual contact and shall be punished as a court-martial may 
direct.
    ``(n) Indecent Exposure.--Any person subject to this 
chapter who intentionally exposes, in an indecent manner, in 
any place where the conduct involved may reasonably be expected 
to be viewed by people other than members of the actor's family 
or household, the genitalia, anus, buttocks, or female areola 
or nipple is guilty of indecent exposure and shall by punished 
as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(o) Age of Child.--
            ``(1) Twelve years.--In a prosecution under 
        subsection (b) (rape of a child), subsection (g) 
        (aggravated sexual contact with a child), or subsection 
        (j) (indecent liberty with a child), it need not be 
        proven that the accused knew that the other person 
        engaging in the sexual act, contact, or liberty had not 
        attained the age of 12 years. It is not an affirmative 
        defense that the accused reasonably believed that the 
        child had attained the age of 12 years.
            ``(2) Sixteen years.--In a prosecution under 
        subsection (d) (aggravated sexual assault of a child), 
        subsection (f) (aggravated sexual abuse of a child), 
        subsection (i) (abusive sexual contact with a child), 
        or subsection (j) (indecent liberty with a child), it 
        need not be proven that the accused knew that the other 
        person engaging in the sexual act, contact, or liberty 
        had not attained the age of 16 years. Unlike in 
        paragraph (1), however, it is an affirmative defense 
        that the accused reasonably believed that the child had 
        attained the age of 16 years.
    ``(p) Proof of Threat.--In a prosecution under this 
section, in proving that the accused made a threat, it need not 
be proven that the accused actually intended to carry out the 
threat.
    ``(q) Marriage.--
            ``(1) In general.--In a prosecution under paragraph 
        (2) of subsection (c) (aggravated sexual assault), or 
        under subsection (d) (aggravated sexual assault of a 
        child), subsection (f) (aggravated sexual abuse of a 
        child), subsection (i) (abusive sexual contact with a 
        child), subsection (j) (indecent liberty with a child), 
        subsection (m) (wrongful sexual contact), or subsection 
        (n) (indecent exposure), it is an affirmative defense 
        that the accused and the other person when they engaged 
        in the sexual act, sexual contact, or sexual conduct 
        are married to each other.
            ``(2) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        a marriage is a relationship, recognized by the laws of 
        a competent State or foreign jurisdiction, between the 
        accused and the other person as spouses. A marriage 
        exists until it is dissolved in accordance with the 
        laws of a competent State or foreign jurisdiction.
            ``(3) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply if 
        the accused's intent at the time of the sexual conduct 
        is to abuse, humiliate, or degrade any person.
    ``(r) Consent and Mistake of Fact as to Consent.--Lack of 
permission is an element of the offense in subsection (m) 
(wrongful sexual contact). Consent and mistake of fact as to 
consent are not an issue, or an affirmative defense, in a 
prosecution under any other subsection, except they are an 
affirmative defense for the sexual conduct in issue in a 
prosecution under subsection (a) (rape), subsection (c) 
(aggravated sexual assault), subsection (e) (aggravated sexual 
contact), and subsection (h) (abusive sexual contact).
    ``(s) Other Affirmative Defenses Not Precluded.--The 
enumeration in this section of some affirmative defenses shall 
not be construed as excluding the existence of others.
    ``(t) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Sexual act.--The term `sexual act' means--
                    ``(A) contact between the penis and the 
                vulva, and for purposes of this subparagraph 
                contact involving the penis occurs upon 
                penetration, however slight; or
                    ``(B) the penetration, however slight, of 
                the genital opening of another by a hand or 
                finger or by any object, with an intent to 
                abuse, humiliate, harass, or degrade any person 
                or to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of 
                any person.
            ``(2) Sexual contact.--The term `sexual contact' 
        means the intentional touching, either directly or 
        through the clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, 
        breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of another person, or 
        intentionally causing another person to touch, either 
        directly or through the clothing, the genitalia, anus, 
        groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person, 
        with an intent to abuse, humiliate, or degrade any 
        person or to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any 
        person.
            ``(3) Grievous bodily harm.--The term `grievous 
        bodily harm' means serious bodily injury. It includes 
        fractured or dislocated bones, deep cuts, torn members 
        of the body, serious damage to internal organs, and 
        other severe bodily injuries. It does not include minor 
        injuries such as a black eye or a bloody nose. It is 
        the same level of injury as in section 928 (article 
        128) of this chapter, and a lesser degree of injury 
        than in section 2246(4) of title 18.
            ``(4) Dangerous weapon or object.--The term 
        `dangerous weapon or object' means--
                    ``(A) any firearm, loaded or not, and 
                whether operable or not;
                    ``(B) any other weapon, device, instrument, 
                material, or substance, whether animate or 
                inanimate, that in the manner it is used, or is 
                intended to be used, is known to be capable of 
                producing death or grievous bodily harm; or
                    ``(C) any object fashioned or utilized in 
                such a manner as to lead the victim under the 
                circumstances to reasonably believe it to be 
                capable of producing death or grievous bodily 
                harm.
            ``(5) Force.--The term `force' means action to 
        compel submission of another or to overcome or prevent 
        another's resistance by--
                    ``(A) the use or display of a dangerous 
                weapon or object;
                    ``(B) the suggestion of possession of a 
                dangerous weapon or object that is used in a 
                manner to cause another to believe it is a 
                dangerous weapon or object; or
                    ``(C) physical violence, strength, power, 
                or restraint applied to another person, 
                sufficient that the other person could not 
                avoid or escape the sexual conduct.
            ``(6) Threatening or placing that other person in 
        fear.--The term `threatening or placing that other 
        person in fear' under paragraph (3) of subsection (a) 
        (rape), or under subsection (e) (aggravated sexual 
        contact), means a communication or action that is of 
        sufficient consequence to cause a reasonable fear that 
        non-compliance will result in the victim or another 
        person being subjected to death, grievous bodily harm, 
        or kidnapping.
            ``(7) Threatening or placing that other person in 
        fear.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `threatening or 
                placing that other person in fear' under 
                paragraph (1)(A) of subsection (c) (aggravated 
                sexual assault), or under subsection (h) 
                (abusive sexual contact), means a communication 
                or action that is of sufficient consequence to 
                cause a reasonable fear that non-compliance 
                will result in the victim or another being 
                subjected to a lesser degree of harm than 
                death, grievous bodily harm, or kidnapping.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--Such lesser degree of 
                harm includes--
                            ``(i) physical injury to another 
                        person or to another person's property; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) a threat--
                                    ``(I) to accuse any person 
                                of a crime;
                                    ``(II) to expose a secret 
                                or publicize an asserted fact, 
                                whether true or false, tending 
                                to subject some person to 
                                hatred, contempt or ridicule; 
                                or
                                    ``(III) through the use or 
                                abuse of military position, 
                                rank, or authority, to affect 
                                or threaten to affect, either 
                                positively or negatively, the 
                                military career of some person.
            ``(8) Bodily harm.--The term `bodily harm' means 
        any offensive touching of another, however slight.
            ``(9) Child.--The term `child' means any person who 
        has not attained the age of 16 years.
            ``(10) Lewd act.--The term `lewd act' means--
                    ``(A) the intentional touching, not through 
                the clothing, of the genitalia of another 
                person, with an intent to abuse, humiliate, or 
                degrade any person, or to arouse or gratify the 
                sexual desire of any person; or
                    ``(B) intentionally causing another person 
                to touch, not through the clothing, the 
                genitalia of any person with an intent to 
                abuse, humiliate or degrade any person, or to 
                arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any 
                person.
            ``(11) Indecent liberty.--The term `indecent 
        liberty' means indecent conduct, but physical contact 
        is not required. It includes one who with the requisite 
        intent exposes one's genitalia, anus, buttocks, or 
        female areola or nipple to a child. An indecent liberty 
        may consist of communication of indecent language as 
        long as the communication is made in the physical 
        presence of the child. If words designed to excite 
        sexual desire are spoken to a child, or a child is 
        exposed to or involved in sexual conduct, it is an 
        indecent liberty; the child's consent is not relevant.
            ``(12) Indecent conduct.--The term `indecent 
        conduct' means that form of immorality relating to 
        sexual impurity which is grossly vulgar, obscene, and 
        repugnant to common propriety, and tends to excite 
        sexual desire or deprave morals with respect to sexual 
        relations. Indecent conduct includes observing, or 
        making a videotape, photograph, motion picture, print, 
        negative, slide, or other mechanically, electronically, 
        or chemically reproduced visual material, without 
        another person's consent, and contrary to that other 
        person's reasonable expectation of privacy, of--
                    ``(A) that other person's genitalia, anus, 
                or buttocks, or (if that other person is 
                female) that person's areola or nipple; or
                    ``(B) that other person while that other 
                person is engaged in a sexual act, sodomy 
                (under section 925 (article 125)), or sexual 
                contact.
            ``(13) Act of prostitution.--The term `act of 
        prostitution' means a sexual act, sexual contact, or 
        lewd act for the purpose of receiving money or other 
        compensation.
            ``(14) Consent.--The term `consent' means words or 
        overt acts indicating a freely given agreement to the 
        sexual conduct at issue by a competent person. An 
        expression of lack of consent through words or conduct 
        means there is no consent. Lack of verbal or physical 
        resistance or submission resulting from the accused's 
        use of force, threat of force, or placing another 
        person in fear does not constitute consent. A current 
        or previous dating relationship by itself or the manner 
        of dress of the person involved with the accused in the 
        sexual conduct at issue shall not constitute consent. A 
        person cannot consent to sexual activity if--
                    ``(A) under 16 years of age; or
                    ``(B) substantially incapable of--
                            ``(i) appraising the nature of the 
                        sexual conduct at issue due to--
                                    ``(I) mental impairment or 
                                unconsciousness resulting from 
                                consumption of alcohol, drugs, 
                                a similar substance, or 
                                otherwise; or
                                    ``(II) mental disease or 
                                defect which renders the person 
                                unable to understand the nature 
                                of the sexual conduct at issue;
                            ``(ii) physically declining 
                        participation in the sexual conduct at 
                        issue; or
                            ``(iii) physically communicating 
                        unwillingness to engage in the sexual 
                        conduct at issue.
            ``(15) Mistake of fact as to consent.--The term 
        `mistake of fact as to consent' means the accused held, 
        as a result of ignorance or mistake, an incorrect 
        belief that the other person engaging in the sexual 
        conduct consented. The ignorance or mistake must have 
        existed in the mind of the accused and must have been 
        reasonable under all the circumstances. To be 
        reasonable the ignorance or mistake must have been 
        based on information, or lack of it, which would 
        indicate to a reasonable person that the other person 
        consented. Additionally, the ignorance or mistake 
        cannot be based on the negligent failure to discover 
        the true facts. Negligence is the absence of due care. 
        Due care is what a reasonably careful person would do 
        under the same or similar circumstances. The accused's 
        state of intoxication, if any, at the time of the 
        offense is not relevant to mistake of fact. A mistaken 
        belief that the other person consented must be that 
        which a reasonably careful, ordinary, prudent, sober 
        adult would have had under the circumstances at the 
        time of the offense.
            ``(16) Affirmative defense.--The term `affirmative 
        defense' means any special defense which, although not 
        denying that the accused committed the objective acts 
        constituting the offense charged, denies, wholly, or 
        partially, criminal responsibility for those acts. The 
        accused has the burden of proving the affirmative 
        defense by a preponderance of evidence. After the 
        defense meets this burden, the prosecution shall have 
        the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that 
        the affirmative defense did not exist.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The item relating to 
        section 920 (article 120) in the table of sections at 
        the beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 
        10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), is amended to read as follows:

``920. 120. Rape, sexual assault, and other sexual misconduct.''.

    (b) Interim Maximum Punishments.--Until the President 
otherwise provides pursuant to section 856 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), the punishment which a court-martial may direct for 
an offense under section 920 of such title (article 120 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended by subsection 
(a), may not exceed the following limits:
            (1) Subsections (a) and (b).--For an offense under 
        subsection (a) (rape) or subsection (b) (rape of a 
        child), death or such other punishment as a court-
        martial may direct.
            (2) Subsection (c).--For an offense under 
        subsection (c) (aggravated sexual assault), 
        dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances, and confinement for 30 years.
            (3) Subsections (d) and (e).--For an offense under 
        subsection (d) (aggravated sexual assault of a child) 
        or subsection (e) (aggravated sexual contact), 
        dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances, and confinement for 20 years.
            (4) Subsections (f) and (g).--For an offense under 
        subsection (f) (aggravated sexual abuse of a child) or 
        subsection (g) (aggravated sexual contact with a 
        child), dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay 
        and allowances, and confinement for 15 years.
            (5) Subsections (h) through (j).--For an offense 
        under subsection (h) (abusive sexual contact), 
        subsection (i) (abusive sexual contact with a child), 
        or subsection (j) (indecent liberty with a child), 
        dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances, and confinement for 7 years.
            (6) Subsections (k) and (l).--For an offense under 
        subsection (k) (indecent act) or subsection (l) 
        (forcible pandering), dishonorable discharge, 
        forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement 
        for 5 years.
            (7) Subsections (m) and (n).--For an offense under 
        subsection (m) (wrongful sexual contact) or subsection 
        (n) (indecent exposure), dishonorable discharge, 
        forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement 
        for one year.
    (c) Applicability.--Section 920 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to offenses 
committed on or after the effective date specified in 
subsection (f).
    (d) Aggravating Factors for Offense of Murder.--Section 918 
of title 10, United States Code (article 118 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended in paragraph (4) by 
striking ``rape,'' and inserting ``rape, rape of a child, 
aggravated sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault of a 
child, aggravated sexual contact, aggravated sexual abuse of a 
child, aggravated sexual contact with a child,''.
    (e) Statute of Limitations.--Section 843(a) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 843(a) of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as amended by section 553(a), is amended by 
striking ``or rape,'' and inserting ``, rape, or rape of a 
child,''.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on October 1, 2007.

SEC. 553. EXTENSION OF STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR MURDER, RAPE, AND 
                    CHILD ABUSE OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
                    MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) No Limitation for Murder or Rape.--Subsection (a) of 
section 843 of title 10, United States Code (article 43 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking ``or 
with any offense punishable by death'' and inserting ``with 
murder or rape, or with any other offense punishable by 
death''.
    (b) Special Rules for Child Abuse Offenses.--Subsection 
(b)(2) of such section (article) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``before the 
        child attains the age of 25 years'' and inserting 
        ``during the life of the child or within five years 
        after the date on which the offense was committed, 
        whichever provides a longer period,'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                striking ``sexual or physical'';
                    (B) in clause (i), by striking ``Rape or 
                carnal knowledge'' and inserting ``Any 
                offense''; and
                    (C) in clause (v), by striking ``Indecent 
                assault,'' and inserting ``Kidnapping; indecent 
                assault;''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(C) In subparagraph (A), the term `child abuse offense' 
includes an act that involves abuse of a person who has not 
attained the age of 18 years and would constitute an offense 
under chapter 110 or 117, or under section 1591, of title 
18.''.

SEC. 554. REPORTS BY OFFICERS AND SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS OF CONVICTION 
                    OF CRIMINAL LAW.

    (a) Requirement for Reports.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        prescribe in regulations a requirement that each 
        covered member of the Armed Forces shall submit to an 
        authority in the military department concerned 
        designated pursuant to such regulations a timely report 
        of any conviction of such member by any law enforcement 
        authority of the United States for a violation of a 
        criminal law of the United States, whether or not the 
        member is on active duty at the time of the conduct 
        that provides the basis for the conviction. The 
        regulations shall apply uniformly throughout the 
        military departments.
            (2) Covered members.--In this section, the term 
        ``covered member of the Armed Forces'' means a member 
        of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who is on 
        the active-duty list or the reserve active-status list 
        and who is--
                    (A) an officer; or
                    (B) an enlisted member in a pay grade above 
                pay grade E-6.
    (b) Law Enforcement Authority of the United States.--For 
purposes of this section, a law enforcement authority of the 
United States includes--
            (1) a military or other Federal law enforcement 
        authority;
            (2) a State or local law enforcement authority; and
            (3) such other law enforcement authorities within 
        the United States as the Secretary shall specify in the 
        regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Criminal Law of the United States.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), for purposes of this section, a criminal law of 
        the United States includes--
                    (A) any military or other Federal criminal 
                law;
                    (B) any State, county, municipal, or local 
                criminal law or ordinance; and
                    (C) such other criminal laws and ordinances 
                of jurisdictions within the United States as 
                the Secretary shall specify in the regulations 
                prescribed pursuant to subsection (a).
            (2) Exception.--For purposes of this section, a 
        criminal law of the United States shall not include a 
        law or ordinance specifying a minor traffic offense (as 
        determined by the Secretary for purposes of such 
        regulations).
    (d) Timeliness of Reports.--The regulations prescribed 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall establish requirements for the 
timeliness of reports under this section.
    (e) Forwarding of Information.--The regulations prescribed 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall provide that, in the event a 
military department receives information that a covered member 
of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of another military 
department has become subject to a conviction for which a 
report is required by this section, the Secretary of the 
military department receiving such information shall, in 
accordance with such procedures as the Secretary of Defense 
shall establish in such regulations, forward such information 
to the authority in the military department having jurisdiction 
over such member designated pursuant to such regulations.
    (f) Convictions.--In this section, the term ``conviction'' 
includes any plea of guilty or nolo contendere.
    (g) Deadline for Regulations.--The regulations required by 
subsection (a), including the requirement in subsection (e), 
shall go into effect not later than the end of the 180-day 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (h) Applicability of Requirement.--The requirement under 
the regulations required by subsection (a) that a covered 
member of the Armed Forces submit notice of a conviction shall 
apply only to a conviction that becomes final after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 555. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF MILITARY LEGAL ASSISTANCE 
                    COUNSEL TO PROVIDE MILITARY LEGAL ASSISTANCE 
                    WITHOUT REGARD TO LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1044 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d)(1) Notwithstanding any law regarding the licensure of 
attorneys, a judge advocate or civilian attorney who is 
authorized to provide military legal assistance is authorized 
to provide that assistance in any jurisdiction, subject to such 
regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(2) Military legal assistance may be provided only by a 
judge advocate or a civilian attorney who is a member of the 
bar of a Federal court or of the highest court of a State.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `military legal 
assistance' includes--
                    ``(A) legal assistance provided under this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) legal assistance contemplated by 
                sections 1044a, 1044b, 1044c, and 1044d of this 
                title.''.

SEC. 556. USE OF TELECONFERENCING IN ADMINISTRATIVE SESSIONS OF COURTS-
                    MARTIAL.

    Section 839 of title 10, United States Code (article 39 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
        (c);
            (2) by designating the matter following paragraph 
        (4) of subsection (a) as subsection (b); and
            (3) in subsection (b), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``These proceedings shall 
                be conducted'' and inserting ``Proceedings 
                under subsection (a) shall be conducted''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``If authorized by regulations of the 
                Secretary concerned, and if at least one 
                defense counsel is physically in the presence 
                of the accused, the presence required by this 
                subsection may otherwise be established by 
                audiovisual technology (such as 
                videoteleconferencing technology).''.

SEC. 557. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON APPLICABILITY OF UNIFORM CODE OF 
                    MILITARY JUSTICE TO RESERVES ON INACTIVE-DUTY 
                    TRAINING OVERSEAS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) there should be no ambiguity about the 
        applicability of the Uniform Code of Military Justice 
        to members of the reserve components of the Armed 
        Forces while such members are serving overseas under 
        inactive-duty training orders for any period of time 
        under such orders; and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense should--
                    (A) take action, not later than February 1, 
                2006, to clarify jurisdictional issues relating 
                to such applicability under section 802 of 
                title 10, United States Code (article 2 of the 
                Uniform Code of Military Justice); and
                    (B) if necessary, submit to Congress a 
                proposal for legislative action to ensure the 
                applicability of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice to such members.

               Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Casualties

SEC. 561. AUTHORITY FOR MEMBERS ON ACTIVE DUTY WITH DISABILITIES TO 
                    PARTICIPATE IN PARALYMPIC GAMES.

    Section 717(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``participate in--'' and all that follows through 
``(2) any other'' and inserting ``participate in any of the 
following sports competitions:
            ``(1) The Pan-American Games and the Olympic Games, 
        and qualifying events and preparatory competition for 
        those games.
            ``(2) The Paralympic Games, if eligible to 
        participate in those games, and qualifying events and 
        preparatory competition for those games.
            ``(3) Any other''.

SEC. 562. POLICY AND PROCEDURES ON CASUALTY ASSISTANCE TO SURVIVORS OF 
                    MILITARY DECEDENTS.

    (a) Comprehensive Policy on Casualty Assistance.--
            (1) Policy required.--Not later than August 1, 
        2006, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe a 
        comprehensive policy for the Department of Defense on 
        the provision of casualty assistance to survivors and 
        next of kin of members of the Armed Forces who die 
        during military service (in this section referred to as 
        ``military decedents'').
            (2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the 
        policy under paragraph (1) in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, the Secretary 
        of Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security with respect to the Coast Guard.
            (3) Incorporation of past experience and 
        practice.--The policy developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall be based on--
                    (A) the experience and best practices of 
                the military departments;
                    (B) the recommendations of nongovernment 
                organizations with demonstrated expertise in 
                responding to the needs of survivors of 
                military decedents; and
                    (C) such other matters as the Secretary of 
                Defense considers appropriate.
            (4) Procedures.--The policy shall include 
        procedures to be followed by the military departments 
        in the provision of casualty assistance to survivors 
        and next of kin of military decedents. The procedures 
        shall be uniform across the military departments except 
        to the extent necessary to reflect the traditional 
        practices or customs of a particular military 
        department.
    (b) Elements of Policy.--The comprehensive policy developed 
under subsection (a) shall address the following matters:
            (1) The initial notification of primary and 
        secondary next of kin of the deaths of military 
        decedents and any subsequent notifications of next of 
        kin warranted by circumstances.
            (2) The transportation and disposition of remains 
        of military decedents, including notification of 
        survivors of the performance of autopsies.
            (3) The qualifications, assignment, training, 
        duties, supervision, and accountability for the 
        performance of casualty assistance responsibilities.
            (4) The relief or transfer of casualty assistance 
        officers, including notification to survivors and next 
        of kin of the reassignment of such officers to other 
        duties.
            (5) Centralized, short-term and long-term case-
        management procedures for casualty assistance by each 
        military department, including rapid access by 
        survivors of military decedents and casualty assistance 
        officers to expert case managers and counselors.
            (6) The provision, through a computer accessible 
        Internet website and other means and at no cost to 
        survivors of military decedents, of personalized, 
        integrated information on the benefits and financial 
        assistance available to such survivors from the Federal 
        Government.
            (7) The provision, at no cost to survivors of 
        military decedents, of legal assistance by military 
        attorneys on matters arising from the deaths of such 
        decedents, including tax matters, on an expedited, 
        prioritized basis.
            (8) The provision of financial counseling to 
        survivors of military decedents, particularly with 
        respect to appropriate disposition of death gratuity 
        and insurance proceeds received by surviving spouses, 
        minor dependent children, and their representatives.
            (9) The provision of information to survivors and 
        next of kin of military decedents on mechanisms for 
        registering complaints about, or requests for, 
        additional assistance related to casualty assistance.
            (10) Liaison with the Department of Veterans 
        Affairs and the Social Security Administration in order 
        to ensure prompt and accurate resolution of issues 
        relating to benefits administered by those agencies for 
        survivors of military decedents.
            (11) Data collection regarding the incidence and 
        quality of casualty assistance provided to survivors of 
        military decedents, including surveys of such survivors 
        and military and civilian members assigned casualty 
        assistance duties.
    (c) Adoption by Military Departments.--Not later than 
November 1, 2006, the Secretary of each military department 
shall prescribe regulations, or modify current regulations, on 
the policies and procedures of such military department on the 
provision of casualty assistance to survivors and next of kin 
of military decedents in order to conform such policies and 
procedures to the policy developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Report on Improvement of Casualty Assistance 
Programs.--Not later than December 1, 2006, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a report that includes--
            (1) the assessment of the Secretary of the adequacy 
        and sufficiency of the current casualty assistance 
        programs of the military departments;
            (2) a plan for a system for the uniform provision 
        to survivors of military decedents of personalized, 
        accurate, and integrated information on the benefits 
        and financial assistance available to such survivors 
        through the casualty assistance programs of the 
        military departments under subsection (c); and
            (3) such recommendations for other legislative or 
        administrative action as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to enhance and improve such programs to 
        achieve their intended purposes.
    (e) GAO Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than July 1, 2006, 
        the Comptroller General shall submit to the committees 
        specified in subsection (d) a report on the evaluation 
        by the Comptroller General of the casualty assistance 
        programs of the Department of Defense and of such other 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government as 
        provide casualty assistance to survivors and next of 
        kin of military decedents.
            (2) Assessment.--The report shall include the 
        assessment of the Comptroller General of the adequacy 
        of the current policies and procedures of, and funding 
        for, the casualty assistance programs covered by the 
        report to achieve their intended purposes.

SEC. 563. POLICY AND PROCEDURES ON ASSISTANCE TO SEVERELY WOUNDED OR 
                    INJURED SERVICE MEMBERS.

    (a) Comprehensive Policy.--
            (1) Policy required.--Not later than June 1, 2006, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe a 
        comprehensive policy for the Department of Defense on 
        the provision of assistance to members of the Armed 
        Forces who incur severe wounds or injuries in the line 
        of duty (in this section referred to as ``severely 
        wounded or injured servicemembers'').
            (2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the 
        policy required by paragraph (1) in consultation with 
        the Secretaries of the military departments, the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of 
        Labor.
            (3) Incorporation of past experience and 
        practice.--The policy required by paragraph (1) shall 
        be based on--
                    (A) the experience and best practices of 
                the military departments, including the Army 
                Wounded Warrior Program, the Marine Corps 
                Marine for Life Injured Support Program, the 
                Air Force Palace HART program, and the Navy 
                Wounded Marines and Sailors Initiative;
                    (B) the recommendations of nongovernment 
                organizations with demonstrated expertise in 
                responding to the needs of severely wounded or 
                injured servicemembers; and
                    (C) such other matters as the Secretary of 
                Defense considers appropriate.
            (4) Procedures and standards.--The policy shall 
        include guidelines to be followed by the military 
        departments in the provision of assistance to severely 
        wounded or injured servicemembers. The procedures and 
        standards shall be uniform across the military 
        departments except to the extent necessary to reflect 
        the traditional practices or customs of a particular 
        military department. The procedures and standards shall 
        establish a minimum level of support and shall specify 
        the duration of programs.
    (b) Elements of Policy.--The comprehensive policy developed 
under subsection (a) shall address the following matters:
            (1) Coordination with the Severely Injured Joint 
        Support Operations Center of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Promotion of a seamless transition to civilian 
        life for severely wounded or injured servicemembers who 
        are or are likely to be separated on account of their 
        wound or injury.
            (3) Identification and resolution of special 
        problems or issues related to the transition to 
        civilian life of severely wounded or injured 
        servicemembers who are members of the reserve 
        components.
            (4) The qualifications, assignment, training, 
        duties, supervision, and accountability for the 
        performance of responsibilities for the personnel 
        providing assistance to severely wounded or injured 
        servicemembers.
            (5) Centralized, short-term and long-term case-
        management procedures for assistance to severely 
        wounded or injured servicemembers by each military 
        department, including rapid access for severely wounded 
        or injured servicemembers to case managers and 
        counselors.
            (6) The provision, through a computer accessible 
        Internet website and other means and at no cost to 
        severely wounded or injured servicemembers, of 
        personalized, integrated information on the benefits 
        and financial assistance available to such members from 
        the Federal Government.
            (7) The provision of information to severely 
        wounded or injured servicemembers on mechanisms for 
        registering complaints about, or requests for, 
        additional assistance.
            (8) Participation of family members.
            (9) Liaison with the Department of Veterans Affairs 
        and the Department of Labor in order to ensure prompt 
        and accurate resolution of issues relating to benefits 
        administered by those agencies for severely wounded or 
        injured servicemembers.
            (10) Data collection regarding the incidence and 
        quality of assistance provided to severely wounded or 
        injured servicemembers, including surveys of such 
        servicemembers and military and civilian personnel 
        whose assigned duties include assistance to severely 
        wounded or injured servicemembers.
    (c) Adoption by Military Departments.--Not later than 
September 1, 2006, the Secretary of each military department 
shall prescribe regulations, or modify current regulations, on 
the policies and procedures of such military department on the 
provision of assistance to severely wounded or injured 
servicemembers in order to conform such policies and procedures 
to the policy prescribed under subsection (a).

SEC. 564. DESIGNATION BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES OF PERSONS 
                    AUTHORIZED TO DIRECT THE DISPOSITION OF MEMBER 
                    REMAINS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than June 1, 2006, the Secretary 
of Defense shall complete, and the Secretaries of the military 
departments shall implement, Department of Defense Instruction 
1300.18, including interim policy guidance, regarding the 
requirement to have service members designate a person 
authorized to direct disposition of their remains should they 
become a casualty.
    (b) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2006, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the actions 
taken by the Secretary, and by the Secretaries of the military 
departments, to carry out the requirement in subsection (a).

   Subtitle G--Assistance to Local Educational Agencies for Defense 
                          Dependents Education

SEC. 571. EXPANSION OF AUTHORIZED ENROLLMENT IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS OVERSEAS.

    The Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 
931 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 1404 the 
following new section:

   ``ENROLLMENT OF CERTAIN ADDITIONAL CHILDREN ON TUITION-FREE BASIS

    ``Sec. 1404A.  (a) Enrollment Authorized.--Under 
regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary may authorize the enrollment in schools of the 
defense dependents' education system on a tuition-free basis of 
the children of full-time, locally-hired employees of the 
Department of Defense in an overseas area if such employees are 
citizens or nationals of the United States.
    ``(b) Funding.--The Secretary may use funds available for 
the defense dependents' education system to provide for the 
education of children enrolled in the defense dependents' 
education system under subsection (a).''.

SEC. 572. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT 
                    DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
Military Dependent Students.--
            (1) Assistance authorized.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide financial assistance to an 
        eligible local educational agency described in 
        paragraph (2) if, without such assistance, the local 
        educational agency will be unable (as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense in consultation with the Secretary 
        of Education) to provide the students in the schools of 
        the local educational agency with a level of education 
        that is equivalent to the minimum level of education 
        available in the schools of the other local educational 
        agencies in the same State.
            (2) Eligible local educational agencies.--A local 
        educational agency is eligible for assistance under 
        this subsection for a fiscal year if at least 20 
        percent (as rounded to the nearest whole percent) of 
        the students in average daily attendance in the schools 
        of the local educational agency during the preceding 
        school year were military dependent students counted 
        under section 8003(a)(1) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(a)(1)).
    (b) Assistance to Schools With Enrollment Changes Due to 
Base Closures, Force Structure Changes, or Force Relocations.--
            (1) Assistance authorized.--To assist communities 
        in making adjustments resulting from changes in the 
        size or location of the Armed Forces, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide financial assistance to an 
        eligible local educational agency described in 
        paragraph (2) if, during the period between the end of 
        the school year preceding the fiscal year for which the 
        assistance is authorized and the beginning of the 
        school year immediately preceding that school year, the 
        local educational agency had (as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense in consultation with the Secretary 
        of Education) an overall increase or reduction of--
                    (A) not less than five percent in the 
                average daily attendance of military dependent 
                students in the schools of the local 
                educational agency; or
                    (B) not less than 250 military dependent 
                students in average daily attendance in the 
                schools of the local educational agency.
            (2) Eligible local educational agencies.--A local 
        educational agency is eligible for assistance under 
        this subsection for a fiscal year if--
                    (A) the local educational agency is 
                eligible for assistance under subsection (a) 
                for the same fiscal year, or would have been 
                eligible for such assistance if not for the 
                reduction in military dependent students in 
                schools of the local educational agency; and
                    (B) the overall increase or reduction in 
                military dependent students in schools of the 
                local educational agency is the result of one 
                or more of the following:
                            (i) The global rebasing plan of the 
                        Department of Defense.
                            (ii) The official creation or 
                        activation of one or more new military 
                        units.
                            (iii) The realignment of forces as 
                        a result of the base closure process.
                            (iv) A change in the number of 
                        housing units on a military 
                        installation.
            (3) Calculation of amount of assistance.--
                    (A) Pro rata distribution.--The amount of 
                the assistance provided under this subsection 
                to a local educational agency that is eligible 
                for such assistance for a fiscal year shall be 
                equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
                            (i) the per-student rate determined 
                        under subparagraph (B) for that fiscal 
                        year; by
                            (ii) the net of the overall 
                        increases and reductions in the number 
                        of military dependent students in 
                        schools of the local educational 
                        agency, as determined under paragraph 
                        (1).
                    (B) Per-student rate.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A)(i), the per-student rate for a 
                fiscal year shall be equal to the dollar amount 
                obtained by dividing--
                            (i) the total amount of funds made 
                        available for that fiscal year to 
                        provide assistance under this 
                        subsection; by
                            (ii) the sum of the overall 
                        increases and reductions in the number 
                        of military dependent students in 
                        schools of all eligible local 
                        educational agencies for that fiscal 
                        year under this subsection.
                    (C) Maximum amount of assistance.--A local 
                educational agency may not receive more than 
                $1,000,000 in assistance under this subsection 
                for any fiscal year.
            (4) Duration.--Assistance may not be provided under 
        this subsection after September 30, 2010.
    (c) Notification.--Not later than June 30, 2006, and June 
30 of each fiscal year thereafter for which funds are made 
available to carry out this section, the Secretary of Defense 
shall notify each local educational agency that is eligible for 
assistance under this section for that fiscal year of--
            (1) the eligibility of the local educational agency 
        for the assistance, including whether the agency is 
        eligible for assistance under either subsection (a) or 
        (b) or both subsections; and
            (2) the amount of the assistance for which the 
        local educational agency is eligible.
    (d) Disbursement of Funds.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
disburse assistance made available under this section for a 
fiscal year not later than 30 days after the date on which 
notification to the eligible local educational agencies is 
provided pursuant to subsection (c) for that fiscal year.
    (e) Finding for Fiscal Year 2006.--Of the amount authorized 
to be appropriated pursuant to section 301(5) for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities--
            (1) $30,000,000 shall be available only for the 
        purpose of providing assistance to local educational 
        agencies under subsection (a); and
            (2) $10,000,000 shall be available only for the 
        purpose of providing assistance to local educational 
        agencies under subsection (b).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``base closure process'' means the 
        2005 base closure and realignment process authorized by 
        Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part 
        A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 
        note) or any base closure and realignment process 
        conducted after the date of the enactment of this Act 
        under section 2687 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        any other similar law enacted after that date.
            (2) The term ``local educational agency'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 8013(9) of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 7713(9)).
            (3) The term ``military dependent students'' refers 
        to--
                    (A) elementary and secondary school 
                students who are dependents of members of the 
                Armed Forces; and
                    (B) elementary and secondary school 
                students who are dependents of civilian 
                employees of the Department of Defense.
            (4) The term ``State'' means each of the 50 States 
        and the District of Columbia.
    (g) Repeal of Former Authority.--Section 386 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public 
Law 102-484; 20 U.S.C. 7703 note) is repealed.

SEC. 573. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to 
section 301(5) for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
activities, $5,000,000 shall be available for payments under 
section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).

SEC. 574. CONTINUATION OF IMPACT AID ASSISTANCE ON BEHALF OF DEPENDENTS 
                    OF CERTAIN MEMBERS DESPITE CHANGE IN STATUS OF 
                    MEMBER.

    (a) Special Rule.--For purposes of computing the amount of 
a payment for an eligible local educational agency under 
subsection (a) of section 8003 of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703) for school year 2005-
2006, the Secretary of Education shall continue to count as a 
child enrolled in a school of such agency under such subsection 
any child who--
            (1) would be counted under paragraph (1)(B) of such 
        subsection to determine the number of children who were 
        in average daily attendance in the school; but
            (2) due to the deployment of both parents or legal 
        guardians of the child, the deployment of a parent or 
        legal guardian having sole custody of the child, or the 
        death of a military parent or legal guardian while on 
        active duty (so long as the child resides on Federal 
        property (as defined in section 8013(5) of such Act (20 
        U.S.C. 7713(5))), is not eligible to be so counted.
    (b) Termination.--The special rule provided under 
subsection (a) applies only so long as the children covered by 
such subsection remain in average daily attendance at a school 
in the same local educational agency they attended before their 
change in eligibility status.

                   Subtitle H--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 576. ELIGIBILITY FOR OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM CAMPAIGN MEDAL.

    For purposes of eligibility for the campaign medal for 
Operation Enduring Freedom established pursuant to Public Law 
108-234 (10 U.S.C. 1121 note), the beginning date of Operation 
Enduring Freedom is September 11, 2001.

                Subtitle I--Consumer Protection Matters

SEC. 577. REQUIREMENT FOR REGULATIONS ON POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON 
                    PERSONAL COMMERCIAL SOLICITATIONS ON DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Requirement.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and not later than March 31, 2006, 
the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations, or modify 
existing regulations, on the policies and procedures relating 
to personal commercial solicitations, including the sale of 
life insurance and securities, on Department of Defense 
installations.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Limitations.--The following 
provisions of law are repealed:
            (1) Section 586 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-
        136; 117 Stat. 1493).
            (2) Section 8133 of the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-287; 118 Stat. 
        1002).

SEC. 578. CONSUMER EDUCATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR 
                    SPOUSES ON INSURANCE AND OTHER FINANCIAL SERVICES.

    (a) Education and Counseling Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 50 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 992. Consumer education: financial services

    ``(a) Requirement for Consumer Education Program for 
Members.--(1) The Secretary concerned shall carry out a program 
to provide comprehensive education to members of the armed 
forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary on--
            ``(A) financial services that are available under 
        law to members;
            ``(B) financial services that are routinely offered 
        by private sector sources to members;
            ``(C) practices relating to the marketing of 
        private sector financial services to members;
            ``(D) such other matters relating to financial 
        services available to members, and the marketing of 
        financial services to members, as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate; and
            ``(E) such other financial practices as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
    ``(2) Training under this subsection shall be provided to 
members as--
            ``(A) a component of members initial entry 
        orientation training; and
            ``(B) a component of periodically recurring 
        required training that is provided for the members at 
        military installations.
    ``(3) The training provided at a military installation 
under paragraph (2)(B) shall include information on any 
financial services marketing practices that are particularly 
prevalent at that military installation and in the vicinity.
    ``(b) Counseling for Members and Spouses.--(1) The 
Secretary concerned shall, upon request, provide counseling on 
financial services to each member of the armed forces, and such 
member's spouse, under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    ``(2)(A) In the case of a military installation at which at 
least 2,000 members of the armed forces on active duty are 
assigned, the Secretary concerned--
            ``(i) shall provide counseling on financial 
        services under this subsection through a full-time 
        financial services counselor at such installation; and
            ``(ii) may provide such counseling at such 
        installation by any means elected by the Secretary from 
        among the following:
                    ``(I) Through members of the armed forces 
                in pay grade E-7 or above, or civilians, who 
                provide such counseling as part of their other 
                duties for the armed forces or the Department 
                of Defense.
                    ``(II) By contract, including contract for 
                services by telephone and by the Internet.
                    ``(III) Through qualified representatives 
                of nonprofit organizations and agencies under 
                formal agreements with the Department of 
                Defense to provide such counseling.
    ``(B) In the case of any military installation not 
described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned shall 
provide counseling on financial services under this subsection 
at such installation by any of the means set forth in 
subparagraph (A)(ii), as elected by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(3) Each financial services counselor under paragraph 
(2)(A)(i), and any other individual providing counseling on 
financial services under paragraph (2), shall be an individual 
who, by reason of education, training, or experience, is 
qualified to provide helpful counseling to members of the armed 
forces and their spouses on financial services and marketing 
practices described in subsection (a)(1). Such individual may 
be a member of the armed forces or an employee of the Federal 
Government.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall take such action as is 
necessary to ensure that each financial services counselor 
under paragraph (2)(A)(i), and any other individual providing 
counseling on financial services under paragraphs (2), is free 
from conflicts of interest relevant to the performance of duty 
under this section. and, in the performance of that duty, is 
dedicated to furnishing members of the armed forces and their 
spouses with helpful information and counseling on financial 
services and related marketing practices.
    ``(c) Life Insurance.--In counseling a member of the armed 
forces, or spouse of a member of the armed forces, under this 
section regarding life insurance offered by a private sector 
source, a financial services counselor under subsection 
(b)(2)(A)(i), or another individual providing counseling on 
financial services under subsection (b)(2), shall furnish the 
member or spouse, as the case may be, with information on the 
availability of Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance under 
subchapter III of chapter 19 of title 38, including information 
on the amounts of coverage available and the procedures for 
electing coverage and the amount of coverage.
    ``(d) Financial Services Defined.--In this section, the 
term `financial services' includes the following:
            ``(1) Life insurance, casualty insurance, and other 
        insurance.
            ``(2) Investments in securities or financial 
        instruments.
            ``(3) Banking, credit, loans, deferred payment 
        plans, and mortgages.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``992. Consumer education: financial services.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the first day of the first month that 
begins more than 120 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 579. REPORT ON PREDATORY LENDING PRACTICES DIRECTED AT MEMBERS OF 
                    THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
on predatory lending practices directed at members of the Armed 
Forces and their families. The report shall be prepared in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, the Chairman 
of the Federal Reserve, the Chairman of the Federal Deposit 
Insurance Corporation, and representatives of military charity 
organizations and consumer organizations.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of the prevalence of predatory 
        lending practices directed at members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families.
            (2) An assessment of the effects of predatory 
        lending practices on members of the Armed Forces and 
        their families.
            (3) A description of the strategy of the Department 
        of Defense, and of any current or planned programs of 
        the Department, to educate members of the Armed Forces 
        and their families regarding predatory lending 
        practices.
            (4) A description of the strategy of the Department 
        of Defense, and of any current or planned programs of 
        the Department, to reduce or eliminate--
                    (A) the prevalence of predatory lending 
                practices directed at members of the Armed 
                Forces and their families; and
                    (B) the negative effect of such practices 
                on members of the Armed Forces and their 
                families.
            (5) Recommendations for additional legislative and 
        administrative action to reduce or eliminate predatory 
        lending practices directed at members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Financial Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``predatory lending practice'' means 
        an unfair or abusive loan or credit sale transaction or 
        collection practice.

          Subtitle J--Reports and Sense of Congress Statements

SEC. 581. REPORT ON NEED FOR A PERSONNEL PLAN FOR LINGUISTS IN THE 
                    ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Need Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review 
the career tracks of members of the Armed Forces who are 
linguists in an effort to improve the management of linguists 
(in enlisted grades or officer grades, or both) and to assist 
them in reaching their full linguistic and analytical potential 
over a 20-year career. As part of such review, the Secretary 
shall assess the need for a comprehensive plan to better manage 
the careers of military linguists (in enlisted grades or 
officer grades, or both) and to ensure that such linguists have 
an opportunity to progress in grade and are provided 
opportunities to enhance their language and cultural skills. As 
part of the review, the Secretary shall consider personnel 
management methods such as enhanced bonuses, immersion 
opportunities, specialized career fields, establishment of a 
dedicated career path for linguists, and career monitoring to 
ensure career progress for linguists serving in duty 
assignments that are not linguist related.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the review and assessment conducted 
under subsection (a). The report shall include the findings, 
results, and conclusions of the Secretary's review and 
assessment of the careers of officer and enlisted linguists in 
the Armed Forces and the need for a comprehensive plan to 
ensure effective career management of linguists.

SEC. 582. SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES GIVE EQUAL 
                    ACCESS TO MILITARY RECRUITERS AND ROTC IN 
                    ACCORDANCE WITH THE SOLOMON AMENDMENT AND 
                    REQUIREMENT FOR REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) any college or university that discriminates 
        against ROTC programs or military recruiters should be 
        denied certain Federal taxpayer support, especially 
        funding for many military and defense programs; and
            (2) universities and colleges that receive Federal 
        funds should provide military recruiters access to 
        college campuses and to college students equal in 
        quality and scope to that provided all other employers.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to Congress a report on the colleges and 
universities that are denying equal access to military 
recruiters and ROTC programs.

SEC. 583. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING STUDY OF OPTIONS FOR PROVIDING 
                    HOMELAND DEFENSE EDUCATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security, should study the 
        options among public and private educational 
        institutions and facilities (including an option of 
        using the National Defense University) for providing 
        strategic-level homeland defense education and related 
        research opportunities to civilian and military leaders 
        from all agencies of government in order to contribute 
        to the development of a common understanding of core 
        homeland defense principles and of effective 
        interagency homeland defense strategies, policies, 
        doctrines, and processes; and
            (2) the results of such consultation and study 
        should be reported to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the Senate, together with such 
        recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
        including a request for any implementing legislation 
        that would contribute to the development of strategic-
        level homeland defense education.

SEC. 584. SENSE OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE DIVERSITY OF THE MEMBERS OF 
                    THE ARMED FORCES SERVING IN OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM 
                    AND OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM AND HONORING THEIR 
                    SACRIFICES AND THE SACRIFICES OF THEIR FAMILIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Thousands of members of the United States Armed 
        Forces who come from a variety of ethnic and racial 
        backgrounds have served, and are serving, in Operation 
        Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom to defend 
        the cause of freedom, democracy, and liberty. Many have 
        been killed, wounded, or seriously injured.
            (2) Diversity is an essential part of the strength 
        of the Armed Forces, in which members having different 
        ethnic and racial backgrounds share the goal of 
        defending the cause of freedom, democracy, and liberty.
            (3) The Armed Forces are representative of the 
        diverse culture and backgrounds that make the United 
        States a great nation.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
the United States should--
            (1) recognize and celebrate the diversity of the 
        members of the Armed Forces; and
            (2) recognize and honor the sacrifices being made 
        by the members of the Armed Forces and their families 
        in the global war on terrorism.

                       Subtitle K--Other Matters

SEC. 589. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITY TO PRESENT RECOGNITION 
                    ITEMS FOR RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION PURPOSES.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Authority.--Subchapter II of chapter 134 of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new section:

``Sec. 2261. Presentation of recognition items for recruitment and 
                    retention purposes

    ``(a) Expenditures for Recognition Items.--Under 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
appropriated funds may be expended--
            ``(1) to procure recognition items of nominal or 
        modest value for recruitment or retention purposes; and
            ``(2) to present such items--
                    ``(A) to members of the armed forces; and
                    ``(B) to members of the families of members 
                of the armed forces, and other individuals, 
                recognized as providing support that 
                substantially facilitates service in the armed 
                forces.
    ``(b) Provision of Meals and Refreshments.--For purposes of 
section 520c of this title and any regulation prescribed to 
implement that section, functions conducted for the purpose of 
presenting recognition items described in subsection (a) shall 
be treated as recruiting functions, and recipients of such 
items shall be treated as persons who are the objects of 
recruiting efforts.
    ``(c) Recognition Items of Nominal or Modest Value.--In 
this section, the term `recognition item of nominal or modest 
value' means a commemorative coin, medal, trophy, badge, flag, 
poster, painting, or other similar item that is valued at less 
than $50 per item and is designed to recognize or commemorate 
service in the armed forces.
    ``(d) Termination of Authority.--The authority under this 
section shall expire December 31, 2007.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of subchapter II of chapter 134 of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        item:

``2261. Presentation of recognition items for recruitment and retention 
          purposes.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authorities.--
            (1) Army reserve.--Section 18506 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is repealed. The table of sections 
        at the beginning of chapter 1805 of such title is 
        amended by striking the item relating to such section.
            (2) National guard.--Section 717 of title 32, 
        United States Code, is repealed. The table of sections 
        at the beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended 
        by striking the item relating to such section.

SEC. 590. EXTENSION OF DATE OF SUBMITTAL OF REPORT OF VETERANS' 
                    DISABILITY BENEFITS COMMISSION.

    Section 1503 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1678; 38 U.S.C. 
1101 note) is amended by striking ``Not later than 15 months 
after the date on which the commission first meets,'' and 
inserting ``Not later than October 1, 2007,''.

SEC. 591. RECRUITMENT AND ENLISTMENT OF HOME-SCHOOLED STUDENTS IN THE 
                    ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy on Recruitment and Enlistment.--
            (1) Policy required.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall prescribe a policy on the recruitment and 
        enlistment of home-schooled students in the Armed 
        Forces.
            (2) Uniformity across the armed forces.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that the policy prescribed under 
        paragraph (1) applies, to the extent practicable, 
        uniformly across the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An identification of a graduate of home 
        schooling for purposes of recruitment and enlistment in 
        the Armed Forces that is in accordance with the 
        requirements described in subsection (c).
            (2) A communication plan to ensure that the policy 
        described in subsection (c) is understood by recruiting 
        officials of all the Armed Forces, to include field 
        recruiters at the lowest level of command.
            (3) An exemption of graduates of home schooling 
        from the requirement for a secondary school diploma or 
        an equivalent (GED) as a precondition for enlistment in 
        the Armed Forces.
    (c) Home School Graduates.--In prescribing the policy under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe a 
single set of criteria to be used by the Armed Forces in 
determining whether an individual is a graduate of home 
schooling. The Secretary concerned shall ensure compliance with 
education credential coding requirements.
    (d) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given such term in 
section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 592. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN INTERMEDIARIES UNDER 
                    CERTAIN AUTHORITIES RELATING TO ADOPTIONS.

    (a) Reimbursement for Adoption Expenses.--Section 
1052(g)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or other source authorized to place children for 
adoption under State or local law'' after ``qualified adoption 
agency''.
    (b) Treatment as Children for Medical and Dental Care 
Purposes.--Section 1072(6)(D)(i) of such title is amended by 
inserting ``, or by any other source authorized by State or 
local law to provide adoption placement,'' after ``(recognized 
by the Secretary of Defense)''.

SEC. 593. ADOPTION LEAVE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ADOPTING 
                    CHILDREN.

    (a) Leave Authorized.--Section 701 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(i)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, a member of the armed forces adopting a child in a 
qualifying child adoption is allowed up to 21 days of leave in 
a calendar year to be used in connection with the adoption.
    ``(2) For the purpose of this subsection, an adoption of a 
child by a member is a qualifying child adoption if the member 
is eligible for reimbursement of qualified adoption expenses 
for such adoption under section 1052 of this title.
    ``(3) In the event that two members of the armed forces who 
are married to each other adopt a child in a qualifying child 
adoption, only one such member shall be allowed leave under 
this subsection.
    ``(4) Leave under paragraph (1) is in addition to other 
leave provided under other provisions of this section.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (i) of section 701 of title 
10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), shall take 
effect on January 1, 2006, and shall apply only with respect to 
adoptions completed on or after that date.

SEC. 594. ADDITION OF INFORMATION TO BE COVERED IN MANDATORY 
                    PRESEPARATION COUNSELING.

    Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``(4) Information 
        concerning'' and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Provision of information on civilian 
        occupations and related assistance programs, including 
        information concerning--
                    ``(A) certification and licensure 
                requirements that are applicable to civilian 
                occupations;
                    ``(B) civilian occupations that correspond 
                to military occupational specialties; and
                    ``(C)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(11) Information concerning the availability of 
        mental health services and the treatment of post-
        traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, 
        depression, suicidal ideations, or other mental health 
        conditions associated with service in the armed forces.
            ``(12) Information concerning the priority of 
        service for veterans in the receipt of employment, 
        training, and placement services provided under 
        qualified job training programs of the Department of 
        Labor.
            ``(13) Information concerning veterans small 
        business ownership and entrepreneurship programs of the 
        Small Business Administration and the National Veterans 
        Business Development Corporation.
            ``(14) Information concerning employment and 
        reemployment rights and obligations under chapter 43 of 
        title 38.
            ``(15) Information concerning veterans preference 
        in federal employment and federal procurement 
        opportunities.
            ``(16) Contact information for housing counseling 
        assistance.
            ``(17) A description, developed in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, of health care 
        and other benefits to which the member may be entitled 
        under the laws administered by the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs.''.

SEC. 595. REPORT ON TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2006, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
actions taken, including those actions taken pursuant to the 
recommendations in the May 2005 report of the Comptroller 
General submitted to Congress pursuant to section 598 of the 
Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1939), to ensure that 
the Transition Assistance Programs for members of the Armed 
Forces separating from the Armed Forces (including members of 
the regular components of the Armed Forces and members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces) function effectively to 
provide such members with timely and comprehensive transition 
assistance when separating from the Armed Forces. The report 
under this section shall be prepared in consultation with the 
Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Focus on Particular Members.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall include particular attention to the 
actions taken with respect to the Transition Assistance 
Programs to assist the following members of the Armed Forces:
            (1) Members deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom.
            (2) Members deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom.
            (3) Members deployed to or in support of other 
        contingency operations.
            (4) Members of the National Guard activated under 
        the provisions of title 32, United States Code, in 
        support of relief efforts for Hurricane Katrina and 
        Hurricane Rita.

SEC. 596. IMPROVEMENT TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CAPACITY TO RESPOND TO 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULT AFFECTING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                    FORCES.

    (a) Plan for System To Track Cases in Which Care or 
Prosecution Hindered by Lack of Availability.--
            (1) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop and implement a system to track cases under the 
        jurisdiction of the Department of Defense in which care 
        to a victim of rape or sexual assault, or the 
        investigation or prosecution of an alleged perpetrator 
        of rape or sexual assault, is hindered by the lack of 
        availability of a rape kit or other needed supplies or 
        by the lack of timely access to appropriate laboratory 
        testing resources.
            (2) Submittal to congressional committees.--The 
        Secretary shall submit the plan developed under 
        paragraph (1) to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Accessibility Plan for Deployed Units.--
            (1) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop and implement a plan for ensuring accessibility 
        and availability of supplies, trained personnel, and 
        transportation resources for responding to sexual 
        assaults occurring in deployed units. The plan shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A plan for the training of personnel 
                who are considered to be ``first responders'' 
                to sexual assaults (including criminal 
                investigators, medical personnel responsible 
                for rape kit evidence collection, and victims 
                advocates), such training to include current 
                techniques on the processing of evidence, 
                including rape kits, and on conducting 
                investigations.
                    (B) A plan for ensuring the availability at 
                military hospitals of supplies needed for the 
                treatment of victims of sexual assault who 
                present at a military hospital, including rape 
                kits, equipment for processing rape kits, and 
                supplies for testing and treatment for sexually 
                transmitted infections and diseases, including 
                HIV, and for testing for pregnancy.
            (2) Submittal to congressional committees.--The 
        Secretary shall submit the plan developed under 
        paragraph (1) to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Additional Matters for Annual Report on Sexual 
Assaults.--Section 577(f)(2) of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-
375; 118 Stat. 1927; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
        subparagraph (G); and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
        following new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) A description of the implementation during 
        the year covered by the report of the tracking system 
        implemented pursuant to section 596(a) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006, 
        including information collected on cases during that 
        year in which care to a victim of rape or sexual 
        assault was hindered by the lack of availability of a 
        rape kit or other needed supplies or by the lack of 
        timely access to appropriate laboratory testing 
        resources.
            ``(E) A description of the implementation during 
        the year covered by the report of the accessibility 
        plan implemented pursuant to section 596(b) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2006, including a description of the steps taken during 
        that year to provide that trained personnel, 
        appropriate supplies, and transportation resources are 
        accessible to deployed units in order to provide an 
        appropriate and timely response in any case of reported 
        sexual assault in a deployed unit.
            ``(F) A description of the required supply 
        inventory, location, accessibility, and availability of 
        supplies, trained personnel, and transportation 
        resources needed, and in fact in place, in order to be 
        able to provide an appropriate and timely response in 
        any case of reported sexual assault in a deployed 
        unit.''.

SEC. 597. AUTHORITY FOR APPOINTMENT OF COAST GUARD FLAG OFFICER AS 
                    CHIEF OF STAFF TO THE PRESIDENT.

    (a) Authority.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 54. Chief of staff to President: appointment

    ``The President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, may appoint a flag officer of the Coast Guard as the 
Chief of Staff to the President.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``54. Chief of Staff to President: appointment.''.

SEC. 598. PRAYER AT MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--The superintendent of a service academy 
may have in effect such policy as the superintendent considers 
appropriate with respect to the offering of a voluntary, 
nondenominational prayer at an otherwise authorized activity of 
the academy, subject to the United States Constitution and such 
limitations as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe.
    (b) Service Academies.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``service academy'' means any of the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.

SEC. 599. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO MAKE MILITARY WORKING DOGS 
                    AVAILABLE FOR ADOPTION.

    (a) Administration of Authority by Secretaries of Military 
Departments.--Subsection (a) of section 2583 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Secretary of Defense may'' and 
        inserting ``Secretary of the military department 
        concerned may''; and
            (2) by striking ``the Department of Defense'' and 
        inserting ``such military department''.
    (b) Authority To Make Dogs Available for Adoption Before 
End of Useful Working Life.--Such subsection is further amended 
by striking ``at the end'' and all that follows and inserting 
``, unless the dog has been determined to be unsuitable for 
adoption under subsection (b), under circumstances as follows:
            ``(1) At the end of the dog's useful working life.
            ``(2) Before the end of the dog's useful working 
        life, if such Secretary, in such Secretary's 
        discretion, determines that unusual or extraordinary 
        circumstances justify making the dog available for 
        adoption before that time.
            ``(3) When the dog is otherwise excess to the needs 
        of such military department.''.
    (c) Clarification of Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (f) 
of such section is amended by inserting ``of Defense'' after 
``Secretary''.
    (d) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--The heading of 
such section, and the item relating to such section in the 
table of sections at the beginning of chapter 153 of such 
title, are each amended by striking the last six words.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay for fiscal year 2006.
Sec. 602. Additional pay for permanent military professors at United 
          States Naval Academy with over 36 years of service.
Sec. 603. Basic pay rates for reserve component members selected to 
          attend military service academy preparatory schools.
Sec. 604. Clarification of restriction on compensation for 
          correspondence courses.
Sec. 605. Enhanced authority for agency contributions for members of the 
          Armed Forces participating in the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 606. Pilot program on contributions to Thrift Savings Plan for 
          initial enlistees in the Army.
Sec. 607. Prohibition against requiring certain injured members to pay 
          for meals provided by military treatment facilities.
Sec. 608. Permanent authority for supplemental subsistence allowance for 
          low-income members with dependents.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic allowance for housing and extension of 
          temporary lodging expenses authority for areas subject to 
          major disaster declaration or for installations experiencing 
          sudden increase in personnel levels.
Sec. 610. Basic allowance for housing for reserve component members.
Sec. 611. Permanent increase in length of time dependents of certain 
          deceased members may continue to occupy military family 
          housing or receive basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 612. Overseas cost of living allowance.
Sec. 613. Allowance to cover portion of monthly deduction from basic pay 
          for Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance coverage for members 
          serving in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi 
          Freedom.
Sec. 614. Income replacement payments for Reserves experiencing extended 
          and frequent mobilization for active duty service.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 621. Extension or resumption of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 622. Extension of certain bonus and special pay authorities for 
          certain health care professionals.
Sec. 623. Extension of special pay and bonus authorities for nuclear 
          officers.
Sec. 624. Extension of other bonus and special pay authorities.
Sec. 625. Eligibility of oral and maxillofacial surgeons for incentive 
          special pay.
Sec. 626. Eligibility of dental officers for additional special pay.
Sec. 627. Increase in maximum monthly rate authorized for hardship duty 
          pay.
Sec. 628. Flexible payment of assignment incentive pay.
Sec. 629. Active-duty reenlistment bonus.
Sec. 630. Reenlistment bonus for members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 631. Consolidation and modification of bonuses for affiliation or 
          enlistment in the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 632. Expansion and enhancement of special pay for enlisted members 
          of the Selected Reserve assigned to certain high priority 
          units.
Sec. 633. Eligibility requirements for prior service enlistment bonus.
Sec. 634. Increase and enhancement of affiliation bonus for officers of 
          the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 635. Increase in authorized maximum amount of enlistment bonus.
Sec. 636. Discretion of Secretary of Defense to authorize retroactive 
          hostile fire and imminent danger pay.
Sec. 637. Increase in maximum bonus amount for nuclear-qualified 
          officers extending period of active duty.
Sec. 638. Increase in maximum amount of nuclear career annual incentive 
          bonus for nuclear-qualified officers trained while serving as 
          enlisted members.
Sec. 639. Uniform payment of foreign language proficiency pay to 
          eligible reserve component members and regular component 
          members.
Sec. 640. Retention bonus for members qualified in certain critical 
          skills or assigned to high priority units.
Sec. 641. Incentive bonus for transfer between Armed Forces.
Sec. 642. Availability of special pay for members during rehabilitation 
          from wounds, injuries, and illnesses incurred in a combat 
          operation or combat zone.
Sec. 643. Pay and benefits to facilitate voluntary separation of 
          targeted members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 644. Ratification of payment of critical-skills accession bonus for 
          persons enrolled in Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
          obtaining nursing degrees.
Sec. 645. Temporary authority to pay bonus to encourage members of the 
          Army to refer other persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 651. Authorized absences of members for which lodging expenses at 
          temporary duty location may be paid.
Sec. 652. Extended period for selection of home for travel and 
          transportation allowances for dependents of deceased members.
Sec. 653. Transportation of family members in connection with the 
          repatriation of members held captive.
Sec. 654. Increased weight allowances for shipment of household goods of 
          senior noncommissioned officers.
Sec. 655. Permanent authority to provide travel and transportation 
          allowances for family members to visit hospitalized members of 
          the Armed Forces injured in combat operation or combat zone.

              Subtitle D--Retired Pay and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 661. Monthly disbursement to States of State income tax withheld 
          from retired or retainer pay.
Sec. 662. Denial of certain burial-related benefits for individuals who 
          committed a capital offense.
Sec. 663. Concurrent receipt of veterans' disability compensation and 
          military retired pay.
Sec. 664. Additional amounts of death gratuity for survivors of certain 
          members of the Armed Forces dying on active duty.
Sec. 665. Child support for certain minor children of retirement-
          eligible members convicted of domestic violence resulting in 
          death of child's other parent.
Sec. 666. Comptroller General report on actuarial soundness of the 
          Survivor Benefit Plan.

Subtitle E--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality Benefits

Sec. 671. Increase in authorized level of supplies and services 
          procurement from overseas exchange stores.
Sec. 672. Requirements for private operation of commissary store 
          functions.
Sec. 673. Provision of and payment for overseas transportation services 
          for commissary and exchange supplies and products.
Sec. 674. Compensatory time off for certain nonappropriated fund 
          employees.
Sec. 675. Rest and recuperation leave programs.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 681. Temporary Army authority to provide additional recruitment 
          incentives.
Sec. 682. Clarification of leave accrual for members assigned to a 
          deployable ship or mobile unit or other duty.
Sec. 683. Expansion of authority to remit or cancel indebtedness of 
          members of the Armed Forces incurred on active duty.
Sec. 684. Loan repayment program for chaplains in the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 685. Inclusion of Senior Enlisted Advisor for the Chairman of the 
          Joint Chiefs of Staff among senior enlisted members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 686. Special and incentive pays considered for saved pay upon 
          appointment of members as officers.
Sec. 687. Repayment of unearned portion of bonuses, special pays, and 
          educational benefits.
Sec. 688. Rights of members of the Armed Forces and their dependents 
          under Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968.
Sec. 689. Extension of eligibility for SSI for certain individuals in 
          families that include members of the Reserve and National 
          Guard.
Sec. 690. Information for members of the Armed Forces and their 
          dependents on rights and protections of the Servicemembers 
          Civil Relief Act.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006.

    (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--The adjustment to 
become effective during fiscal year 2006 required by section 
1009 of title 37, United States Code, in the rates of monthly 
basic pay authorized members of the uniformed services shall 
not be made.
    (b) Increase in Basic Pay.--Effective on January 1, 2006, 
the rates of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed 
services are increased by 3.1 percent.

SEC. 602. ADDITIONAL PAY FOR PERMANENT MILITARY PROFESSORS AT UNITED 
                    STATES NAVAL ACADEMY WITH OVER 36 YEARS OF SERVICE.

    Section 203(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after ``Military Academy'' the following: ``, the 
United States Naval Academy,''.

SEC. 603. BASIC PAY RATES FOR RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS SELECTED TO 
                    ATTEND MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY PREPARATORY 
                    SCHOOLS.

    Section 203(e)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``on active duty for a period of 
        more than 30 days shall continue to receive'' and 
        inserting ``shall receive''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``or at the rate provided for cadets and 
        midshipmen under subsection (c), whichever is 
        greater''.

SEC. 604. CLARIFICATION OF RESTRICTION ON COMPENSATION FOR 
                    CORRESPONDENCE COURSES.

    Section 206(d)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after ``reserve component'' the following: 
``or by a member of the National Guard while not in Federal 
service''.

SEC. 605. ENHANCED AUTHORITY FOR AGENCY CONTRIBUTIONS FOR MEMBERS OF 
                    THE ARMED FORCES PARTICIPATING IN THE THRIFT 
                    SAVINGS PLAN.

    (a) Authority To Make Contributions for Certain First-Time 
Enlistees.--Subsection (d) of section 211 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                ``(i)'' after ``(A)'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) and, in such 
                clause, by striking the period at the end and 
                inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph (B):
                    ``(B) is enlisting in the armed forces for 
                the first time and the period of the member's 
                enlistment is not less than two years.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``paragraph (1)'' 
        the first place it appears and inserting ``paragraph 
        (1)(A)'';
            (3) by designating the second sentence of paragraph 
        (2) as paragraph (4) and, in such paragraph, by 
        striking ``this paragraph'' and inserting ``this 
        subsection''; and
            (4) by inserting before such paragraph (4) the 
        following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of a member described by paragraph 
(1)(B), the Secretary shall make contributions to the Fund for 
the benefit of the member for each pay period of the enlistment 
of the member described in that paragraph for which the member 
makes a contribution to the Fund under section 8440e of title 5 
(other than under subsection (d)(2) thereof).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--Such subsection is further amended 
by inserting ``and First-Time Enlistees'' after 
``Specialties''.

SEC. 606. PILOT PROGRAM ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN FOR 
                    INITIAL ENLISTEES IN THE ARMY.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--During fiscal year 2006, the 
Secretary of the Army shall use the authority provided by 
section 211(d)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 605, to carry out within the Army a pilot 
program in order to assess the extent to which contributions by 
the Secretary to the Thrift Savings Fund on behalf of members 
of the Army described in subsection (b) would--
            (1) assist the Army in recruiting efforts; and
            (2) assist such members in establishing habits of 
        financial responsibility during their initial 
        enlistment in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Covered Members.--To be eligible to participate in the 
pilot program under subsection (a), a member of the Army must 
be serving under an initial enlistment for a period of not less 
than two years.
    (c) Contributions to Thrift Savings Fund.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army may make 
        contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund on behalf of 
        any participant in the pilot program under subsection 
        (a) for any pay period during the period of the pilot 
        program.
            (2) Limitations.--The amount of any contributions 
        made with respect to a member under paragraph (1) shall 
        be subject to the provisions of section 8432(c) of 
        title 5, United States Code.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2007, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
        program under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the Army who 
                participated in the pilot program and the 
                contributions made by the Army to the Thrift 
                Savings Fund on behalf of such members during 
                the period of the pilot program.
                    (B) An assessment, based on the pilot 
                program and taking into account the views of 
                officers and senior enlisted personnel of the 
                Army, and of field recruiters, of the extent to 
                which contributions by the military departments 
                to the Thrift Savings Fund on behalf of members 
                of the Armed Forces similar to the participants 
                in the pilot program--
                            (i) would enhance the recruiting 
                        efforts of the Armed Forces; and
                            (ii) would assist such members in 
                        establishing habits of financial 
                        responsibility during their initial 
                        enlistment in the Armed Forces.

SEC. 607. PROHIBITION AGAINST REQUIRING CERTAIN INJURED MEMBERS TO PAY 
                    FOR MEALS PROVIDED BY MILITARY TREATMENT 
                    FACILITIES.

    (a) Temporary Prohibition.--Section 402 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
        (i); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(h) No Payment for Meals Received at Military Treatment 
Facilities.--(1) A member of the armed forces who is undergoing 
medical recuperation or therapy, or is otherwise in the status 
of continuous care, including outpatient care, at a military 
treatment facility for an injury, illness, or disease described 
in paragraph (2) shall not be required to pay any charge for 
meals provided to the member by the military treatment facility 
during any month covered by paragraph (3) in which the member 
is entitled to a basic allowance for subsistence under this 
section.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to an injury, 
illness, or disease incurred or aggravated by a member while 
the member was serving on active duty--
            ``(A) in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom or 
        Operation Enduring Freedom; or
            ``(B) in any other operation designated by the 
        Secretary of Defense as a combat operation or in an 
        area designated by the Secretary as a combat zone.
    ``(3) This subsection shall apply to months beginning 
during the period beginning on October 1, 2005, and ending on 
December 31, 2006.''.
    (b) Repeal of Temporary Authority.--Section 1023 of 
division A of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for 
Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 
(Public Law 109-13), is repealed.

SEC. 608. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR SUPPLEMENTAL SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCE 
                    FOR LOW-INCOME MEMBERS WITH DEPENDENTS.

    (a) Repeal of Termination Provision.--Section 402a of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (i).
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (f) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``Secretary 
        of Transportation'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard''; 
        and
            (2) by striking the second sentence.

SEC. 609. INCREASE IN BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING AND EXTENSION OF 
                    TEMPORARY LODGING EXPENSES AUTHORITY FOR AREAS 
                    SUBJECT TO MAJOR DISASTER DECLARATION OR FOR 
                    INSTALLATIONS EXPERIENCING SUDDEN INCREASE IN 
                    PERSONNEL LEVELS.

    (a) Temporary Basic Allowance for Housing Increase 
Authorized.--Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(7)(A) Under the authority of this paragraph, the 
Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary increase in the 
rates of basic allowance for housing otherwise prescribed for a 
military housing area or a portion of a military housing area 
if the military housing area or portion thereof--
            ``(i) is located in an area covered by a 
        declaration by the President under section 401 of the 
        Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
        Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) that a major disaster 
        exists; or
            ``(ii) contains one or more military installations 
        that are experiencing a sudden increase in the number 
        of members of the armed forces assigned to the 
        installation.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall base the amount of the 
increase to be made in the rates of basic allowance for housing 
for an area on a determination by the Secretary of the amount 
by which the costs of adequate housing for civilians have 
increased in the area by reason of the disaster or the influx 
of military personnel, except that the increase may not exceed 
the amount equal to 20 percent of the rate of basic allowance 
for housing otherwise prescribed for the area.
    ``(C) A member may be paid a basic allowance for housing at 
a rate increased under this paragraph only if the member 
certifies to the Secretary concerned that the member has 
incurred increased housing costs in the area by reason of the 
disaster or the influx of military personnel.
    ``(D) Subject to subparagraph (E), an increase in the rates 
of basic allowance for housing in an area under this paragraph 
shall remain in effect until the effective date of the first 
adjustment in rates of basic allowance for housing made for the 
area pursuant to a redetermination of housing costs in the area 
under this subsection that occurs after the date of the 
increase under this paragraph.
    ``(E) An increase in the rates of basic allowance for 
housing for an area may not be prescribed under this paragraph 
or continue after December 31, 2008.''.
    (b) Temporary Extension of Temporary Lodging Expenses 
Authority.--Section 404a(c) of such title is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Whenever the conditions described in clause (i) or 
(ii) of subparagraph (A) of section 403(b)(7) of this title 
exist for a military housing area or portion thereof, the 
Secretary concerned may increase the period for which 
subsistence expenses are to be paid or reimbursed under this 
section in the case of a change of permanent station described 
in subparagraph (A) or (C) of subsection (a)(2) in the same 
military housing area or portion thereof to a maximum of 20 
days.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to months beginning on or after 
September 1, 2005.

SEC. 610. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS.

    (a) Equal Treatment of Reserve Members.--Subsection (g) of 
section 403 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
        (4);
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
        new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The rate of basic allowance for housing to be 
        paid to the following members of a reserve component 
        shall be equal to the rate in effect for similarly 
        situated members of a regular component of the 
        uniformed services:
                    ``(A) A member who is called or ordered to 
                active duty for a period of more than 30 days.
                    ``(B) A member who is called or ordered to 
                active duty for a period of 30 days or less in 
                support of a contingency operation.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``less than 140 days'' and inserting ``30 days 
        or less''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment Regarding Members Without 
Dependents.--Paragraph (1) of such subsection is amended by 
inserting ``or for a period of more than 30 days'' after ``in 
support of a contingency operation'' both places it appears.

SEC. 611. PERMANENT INCREASE IN LENGTH OF TIME DEPENDENTS OF CERTAIN 
                    DECEASED MEMBERS MAY CONTINUE TO OCCUPY MILITARY 
                    FAMILY HOUSING OR RECEIVE BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
                    HOUSING.

    Effective immediately after the termination, pursuant to 
subsection (b) of section 1022 of Public Law 109-13 (119 Stat. 
251) and section 124 of Public Law 109-77 (119 Stat. 2041), of 
the amendments made by subsection (a) of such section 1022, 
section 403(l) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``180 days'' each place it appears and inserting ``365 
days''.

SEC. 612. OVERSEAS COST OF LIVING ALLOWANCE.

    (a) Payment of Allowance Based on Overseas Location of 
Dependents.--Section 405 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Payment of Allowance Based on Overseas Location of 
Dependents.--In the case of a member assigned to duty inside 
the continental United States whose dependents continue to 
reside outside the continental United States, the Secretary 
concerned may pay the member a per diem under this section 
based on the location of the dependents and provide 
reimbursement under subsection (d) for an unusual or 
extraordinary expense incurred by the dependents if the 
Secretary determines that such payment or reimbursement is in 
the best interest of the member or the member's dependents and 
in the best interest of the United States.''.
    (b) Clarification of Expenses Eligible for Lump-Sum 
Reimbursement.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking 
        ``Nonrecurring'' and inserting ``Unusual or 
        Extraordinary'';
            (2) by inserting ``or (e)'' after ``subsection 
        (a)'' each place it appears; and
            (3) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``a nonrecurring'' and 
                inserting ``an unusual or extraordinary'' in 
                the matter preceding subparagraph (A); and
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 
                the location of the member's dependents'' 
                before the semicolon.

SEC. 613. ALLOWANCE TO COVER PORTION OF MONTHLY DEDUCTION FROM BASIC 
                    PAY FOR SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE 
                    COVERAGE FOR MEMBERS SERVING IN OPERATION ENDURING 
                    FREEDOM OR OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM.

    (a) Allowance To Cover SGLI Deductions.--Chapter 7 of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:

``Sec. 437. Allowance to cover portion of monthly premium for 
                    Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance: members 
                    serving in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation 
                    Iraqi Freedom

    ``(a) Required Reimbursement for Premium Deduction.--(1) In 
the case of a member of the armed forces who has insurance 
coverage for the member under the Servicemembers' Group Life 
Insurance program under subchapter III of chapter 19 of title 
38 and who serves in the theater of operations for Operation 
Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom at any time during 
a month, the Secretary concerned shall pay the member an 
allowance under this section for that month in an amount equal 
to the amount of the deduction made under subsection (a)(1) of 
section 1969 of such title for the first $150,000 of 
Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance coverage held by the 
member under section 1967 of such title.
    ``(2) If a member described in paragraph (1) elected to be 
insured in an amount less than the coverage amount specified in 
paragraph (1) or in effect pursuant to subsection (b), the 
amount of the allowance under this section for a month shall be 
equal to the amount of the deduction made for that month under 
subsection (a)(1) of section 1969 of title 38 from the basic 
pay of the member for the amount of Servicemembers' Group Life 
Insurance coverage actually held by the member under section 
1967 of such title.
    ``(b) Authority To Increase Maximum Reimbursement Amount.--
For purposes of subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to increase the coverage amount specified in 
paragraph (1) of such subsection to permit the reimbursement of 
all or an additional amount of the deduction made under section 
1969(a)(1) of title 38 for levels of coverage in excess of 
$150,000 for members under the Servicemembers' Group Life 
Insurance program.
    ``(c) Notice of Availability of Allowance.--To the maximum 
extent practicable, in advance of the deployment of a member to 
a theater of operations referred to in subsection (a), the 
Secretary concerned shall give the member information regarding 
the following:
            ``(1) The availability of the allowance under this 
        section for members insured under the Servicemembers' 
        Group Life Insurance program.
            ``(2) The ability of members who elected not to be 
        insured under Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance, or 
        elected less than the coverage amount specified in 
        subsection (a)(1) or in effect pursuant to subsection 
        (b), to obtain insurance, or to obtain additional 
        coverage, as the case may be, under the authority 
        provided in section 1967(c) of title 38.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``437. Allowance to cover portion of monthly premium for Servicemembers' 
          Group Life Insurance: members serving in Operation Enduring 
          Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom.''.

    (c) Effective Date; Notification.--Section 437 of title 37, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply 
with respect to service by members of the Armed Forces in the 
theater of operations for Operation Enduring Freedom or 
Operation Iraqi Freedom for months beginning on or after the 
date of the enactment of this Act. In the case of members who 
are serving in the theater of operations for Operation Enduring 
Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom as of such date, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide such members, as soon as 
practicable, the information specified in subsection (c) of 
that section.

SEC. 614. INCOME REPLACEMENT PAYMENTS FOR RESERVES EXPERIENCING 
                    EXTENDED AND FREQUENT MOBILIZATION FOR ACTIVE DUTY 
                    SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 17 of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 910. Replacement of lost income: involuntarily mobilized reserve 
                    component members subject to extended and frequent 
                    active duty service

    ``(a) Payment Required.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
to an eligible member of a reserve component of the armed 
forces an amount equal to the monthly active-duty income 
differential of the member, as determined by the Secretary. The 
payments shall be made on a monthly basis.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--Subject to subsection (c), a reserve 
component member is entitled to a payment under this section 
for any full month of active duty of the member, while on 
active duty under an involuntary mobilization order, following 
the date on which the member--
            ``(1) completes 18 continuous months of service on 
        active duty under such an order;
            ``(2) completes 24 months on active duty during the 
        previous 60 months under such an order; or
            ``(3) is involuntarily mobilized for service on 
        active duty for a period of 180 days or more within six 
        months or less following the member's separation from a 
        previous period of involuntary active duty for a period 
        of 180 days or more.
    ``(c) Minimum and Maximum Payment Amounts.--(1) A payment 
under this section shall be made to a member for a month only 
if the amount of the monthly active-duty income differential 
for the month is greater than $50.
            ``(2) Notwithstanding the amount determined under 
        subsection (d) for a member for a month, the monthly 
        payment to a member under this section may not exceed 
        $3,000.
    ``(d) Monthly Active-Duty Income Differential.--For 
purposes of this section, the monthly active-duty income 
differential of a member is the difference between--
            ``(1) the average monthly civilian income of the 
        member; and
            ``(2) the member's total monthly military 
        compensation.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `average monthly civilian income', 
        with respect to a member of a reserve component, means 
        the amount, determined by the Secretary concerned, of 
        the earned income of the member for either the 12 
        months preceding the member's mobilization or the 12 
        months covered by the member's most recent Federal 
        income tax filing, divided by 12.
            ``(2) The term `total monthly military 
        compensation' means the amount, computed on a monthly 
        basis, of the sum of--
                    ``(A) the amount of the regular military 
                compensation (RMC) of the member; and
                    ``(B) any amount of special pay or 
                incentive pay and any allowance (other than an 
                allowance included in regular military 
                compensation) that is paid to the member on a 
                monthly basis.
    ``(f) Regulations.--This section shall be administered 
under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(g) Termination of Authority.--No payment shall be made 
under this section after December 31, 2008.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``910. Replacement of lost income: involuntarily mobilized reserve 
          component members subject to extended and frequent active duty 
          service.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--Section 910 of title 37, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), may apply only with respect 
to months beginning after the end of the 180-day period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 621. EXTENSION OR RESUMPTION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                    AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    (a) Selected Reserve Reenlistment Bonus.--Section 308b(g) 
of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (b) Special Pay for Enlisted Members Assigned to Certain 
High Priority Units.--Section 308d(c) of such title is amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2006''.
    (c) Ready Reserve Enlistment Bonus for Persons Without 
Prior Service.--Section 308g(h) of such title is amended by 
striking ``an enlistment after September 30, 1992'' and 
inserting ``an enlistment--
            ``(1) during the period beginning on October 1, 
        1992, and ending on September 30, 2005; or
            ``(2) after December 31, 2006.''.
    (d) Ready Reserve Enlistment and Reenlistment Bonus for 
Persons With Prior Service.--Section 308h(g) of such title is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2006''.
    (e) Selected Reserve Enlistment Bonus for Persons With 
Prior Service.--Section 308i(f) of such title is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2006''.

SEC. 622. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES FOR 
                    CERTAIN HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Nurse Officer Candidate Accession Program.--Section 
2130a(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2006''.
    (b) Repayment of Education Loans for Certain Health 
Professionals Who Serve in the Selected Reserve.--Section 
16302(d) of such title is amended by striking ``January 1, 
2006'' and inserting ``January 1, 2007''.
    (c) Accession Bonus for Registered Nurses.--Section 
302d(a)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2006''.
    (d) Incentive Special Pay for Nurse Anesthetists.--Section 
302e(a)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (e) Special Pay for Selected Reserve Health Professionals 
in Critically Short Wartime Specialties.--Section 302g(f) of 
such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (f) Accession Bonus for Dental Officers.--Section 
302h(a)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (g) Accession Bonus for Pharmacy Officers.--Section 302j(a) 
of such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.

SEC. 623. EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR NUCLEAR 
                    OFFICERS.

    (a) Special Pay for Nuclear-Qualified Officers Extending 
Period of Active Service.--Section 312(e) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (b) Nuclear Career Accession Bonus.--Section 312b(c) of 
such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (c) Nuclear Career Annual Incentive Bonus.--Section 312c(d) 
of such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.

SEC. 624. EXTENSION OF OTHER BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Aviation Officer Retention Bonus.--Section 301b(a) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (b) Assignment Incentive Pay.--Section 307a(f) of such 
title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2006'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2007''.
    (c) Reenlistment Bonus for Active Members.--Section 308(g) 
of such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (d) Enlistment Bonus for Active Members.--Section 309(e) of 
such title is amended by striking ``December 31, 2005'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (e) Retention Bonus for Members With Critical Military 
Skills.--Section 323(i) of such title is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 2006''.
    (f) Accession Bonus for New Officers in Critical Skills.--
Section 324(g) of such title is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2005'' and inserting ``December 31, 2006''.

SEC. 625. ELIGIBILITY OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGEONS FOR INCENTIVE 
                    SPECIAL PAY.

    (a) Eligibility.--Subsection (a) of section 302b of title 
37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and 
        Board Certification'' and inserting ``Board 
        Certification, and Incentive''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(6) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is an oral 
or maxillofacial surgeon may be paid incentive special pay at 
the same rates, and subject to the same terms and conditions, 
as incentive special pay available for medical officers under 
section 302(b) of this title.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended 
in subsections (b) and (d) by striking ``subsection (a)(4)'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``paragraph (4) or (6) of 
subsection (a)''.

SEC. 626. ELIGIBILITY OF DENTAL OFFICERS FOR ADDITIONAL SPECIAL PAY.

    Section 302b(a)(4) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by inserting ``also'' before ``is entitled''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``initial'' before ``residency''.

SEC. 627. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM MONTHLY RATE AUTHORIZED FOR HARDSHIP DUTY 
                    PAY.

    Section 305(a) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``$300'' and inserting ``$750''.

SEC. 628. FLEXIBLE PAYMENT OF ASSIGNMENT INCENTIVE PAY.

    (a) Authority To Provide Lump Sum or Installment 
Payments.--Section 307a of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``monthly''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``Incentive pay payable under this 
                section may be paid on a monthly basis, in a 
                lump sum, or in installments.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The 
                Secretary concerned'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by 
                striking ``incentive pay'' in the first 
                sentence and inserting ``the payment of 
                incentive pay on a monthly basis''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall require a 
        member performing service in an assignment designated 
        under subsection (a) to enter into a written agreement 
        with the Secretary in order to qualify for the payment 
        of incentive pay on a lump sum or installment basis 
        under this section. The written agreement shall specify 
        the period for which the incentive pay will be paid to 
        the member and, subject to subsection (c), the amount 
        of the lump sum, or each installment, of the incentive 
        pay.''.
    (b) Maximum Rate or Amount.--Subsection (c) of such section 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Maximum Rate or Amount.--(1) The maximum monthly rate 
of incentive pay payable to a member on a monthly basis under 
this section is $3,000.
    ``(2) The amount of the lump sum payment of incentive pay 
payable to a member on a lump sum basis under this section may 
not exceed an amount equal to the product of--
            ``(A) the maximum monthly rate authorized under 
        paragraph (1) at the time of the written agreement of 
        the member under subsection (b)(2); and
            ``(B) the number of months in the period for which 
        incentive pay will be paid pursuant to the agreement.
    ``(3) The amount of each installment payment of incentive 
pay payable to a member on an installment basis under this 
section shall be the amount equal to--
            ``(A) the product of (i) a monthly rate specified 
        in the written agreement of the member under subsection 
        (b)(2) (which monthly rate may not exceed the maximum 
        monthly rate authorized under paragraph (1) at the time 
        of the written agreement), and (ii) the number of 
        months in the period for which incentive pay will be 
        paid; divided by
            ``(B) the number of installments over such period.
    ``(4) If a member extends an assignment specified in an 
agreement with the Secretary under subsection (b), incentive 
pay for the period of the extension may be paid under this 
section on a monthly basis, in a lump sum, or in installments 
in accordance with this section.''.
    (c) Repayment.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
        as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c), as amended 
        by subsection (b) of this section, the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Repayment of Incentive Pay.--(1) A member who, 
pursuant to an agreement under subsection (b)(2), receives a 
lump sum or installment payment of incentive pay under this 
section and who fails to complete the total period of service 
or other conditions specified in the agreement voluntarily or 
because of misconduct, shall refund to the United States an 
amount equal to the percentage of incentive pay paid which is 
equal to the unexpired portion of the service divided by the 
total period of service. The Secretary concerned may waive 
repayment of an amount of incentive pay under this section, in 
whole or in part, if the Secretary determines that conditions 
and circumstances warrant.
    ``(2) An obligation to repay the United States imposed 
under paragraph (1) is for all purposes a debt owed to the 
United States.
    ``(3) A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is 
entered less than 5 years after the termination of the 
agreement does not discharge the member signing the agreement 
from a debt arising under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 629. ACTIVE-DUTY REENLISTMENT BONUS.

    (a) Eligibility of Senior Enlisted Members.--Subsection (a) 
of section 308 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``16 years of 
        active duty'' and inserting ``20 years of active 
        duty''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``18 years'' and 
        inserting ``24 years''.
    (b) Increase in Authorized Maximum Amount of Bonus.--
Paragraph (2)(B) of such subsection is amended by striking 
``$60,000'' and inserting ``$90,000''.
    (c) Repeal of Reference to Obsolete Special Pay.--Paragraph 
(1) of such subsection is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
        (B);
            (2) by striking subparagraph (C); and
            (3) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
        subparagraph (C).
    (d) Repeal of Obsolete Special Pay.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 312a of title 37, United 
        States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 312a.

SEC. 630. REENLISTMENT BONUS FOR MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Eligibility of Senior Enlisted Members.--Subsection 
(a)(1) of section 308b of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``16 years of total military service'' and 
inserting ``20 years of total military service''.
    (b) Computation of Bonus Amount.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(3) Any portion of a term of reenlistment or extension of 
enlistment of a member that, when added to the total years of 
service of the member at the time of discharge or release, 
exceeds 24 years may not be used in computing the total bonus 
amount under paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 631. CONSOLIDATION AND MODIFICATION OF BONUSES FOR AFFILIATION OR 
                    ENLISTMENT IN THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Consolidation and Modification of Bonuses.--Section 
308c of title 37, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:

``Sec. 308c. Special pay: bonus for affiliation or enlistment in the 
                    Selected Reserve

    ``(a) Affiliation Bonus Authorized.--The Secretary 
concerned may pay an affiliation bonus to an enlisted member of 
an armed force who--
            ``(1) has completed fewer than 20 years of military 
        service; and
            ``(2) executes a written agreement to serve in the 
        Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force 
        for a period of not less than three years in a skill, 
        unit, or pay grade designated under subsection (b) 
        after being discharged or released from active duty 
        under honorable conditions.
    ``(b) Designation of Skills, Units, and Pay Grades.--The 
Secretary concerned shall designate the skills, units, and pay 
grades for which an affiliation bonus may be paid under 
subsection (a). Any skill, unit, or pay grade so designated 
shall be a skill, unit, or pay grade for which there is a 
critical need for personnel in the Selected Reserve of the 
Ready Reserve of an armed force, as determined by the Secretary 
concerned. The Secretary concerned shall establish other 
requirements to ensure that members accepted for affiliation 
meet required performance and discipline standards.
    ``(c) Accession Bonus Authorized.--The Secretary concerned 
may pay an accession bonus to a person who--
            ``(1) has not previously served in the armed 
        forces; and
            ``(2) executes a written agreement to serve as an 
        enlisted member in the Selected Reserve of the Ready 
        Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than 
        three years upon acceptance of the agreement by the 
        Secretary concerned.
    ``(d) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.--The amount of a bonus 
under subsection (a) or (c) may not exceed $20,000.
    ``(e) Payment Method.--Upon acceptance of a written 
agreement by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the 
bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement 
shall specify whether the bonus shall be paid by the Secretary 
concerned in a lump sum or in installments.
    ``(f) Continued Entitlement to Bonus Payments.--A member 
entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered 
to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active 
duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the 
member during that period of active duty.
    ``(g) Repayment.--(1) A person who enters into an agreement 
under subsection (a) or (c) and receives all or part of the 
bonus under the agreement, but who does not commence to serve 
in the Selected Reserve or does not satisfactorily participate 
in the Selected Reserve for the total period of service 
specified in the agreement, shall repay to the United States 
the amount of the bonus so paid, except as otherwise prescribed 
under paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe in 
regulations whether repayment of an amount otherwise required 
under paragraph (1) shall be made in whole or in part, the 
method for computing the amount of such repayment, and any 
conditions under which an exception to required repayment would 
apply.
    ``(3) An obligation to repay the United States imposed 
under paragraph (1) is for all purposes a debt owed to the 
United States. A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is 
entered less than five years after the termination of an 
agreement entered into under subsection (a) or (c) does not 
discharge the individual signing the agreement from a debt 
arising under such agreement or under paragraph (1).
    ``(h) Regulations.--This section shall be administered 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for 
the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
Defense and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast 
Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
    ``(i) Termination of Bonus Authority.--No bonus may be paid 
under this section with respect to any agreement entered into 
under subsection (a) or (c) after December 31, 2006.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Affiliation Bonus Authority.--
Section 308e of such title is repealed.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking the item relating to section 308c 
        and inserting the following new item:

``308c. Special pay: bonus for affiliation or enlistment in the Selected 
          Reserve''.

; and
            (2) by striking the item relating to section 308e.

SEC. 632. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF SPECIAL PAY FOR ENLISTED MEMBERS 
                    OF THE SELECTED RESERVE ASSIGNED TO CERTAIN HIGH 
                    PRIORITY UNITS.

    (a) Eligibility for Pay.--Subsection (a) of section 308d of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``an 
enlisted member'' and inserting ``a member''.
    (b) Amount of Pay.--Such subsection is further amended by 
striking ``$10'' and inserting ``$50''.
    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such 
        section is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 308d. Special pay: members of the Selected Reserve assigned to 
                    certain high priority units''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 308d and 
        inserting the following new item:

``308d. Special pay: members of the Selected Reserve assigned to certain 
          high priority units.''.

SEC. 633. ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR PRIOR SERVICE ENLISTMENT BONUS.

    Section 308i(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
            ``(A) The person has not more than 16 years of 
        total military service and received an honorable 
        discharge at the conclusion of all prior periods of 
        service.''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (D).

SEC. 634. INCREASE AND ENHANCEMENT OF AFFILIATION BONUS FOR OFFICERS OF 
                    THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Repeal of Prohibition on Eligibility for Prior Reserve 
Service.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 308j of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B); and
            (3) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
        subparagraph (B).
    (b) Increase in Maximum Amount.--Subsection (d) of such 
section is amended by striking ``$6,000'' and inserting 
``$10,000''.
    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such 
        section is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 308j. Special pay: affiliation bonus for officers in the 
                    Selected Reserve''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 308j and 
        inserting the following new item:

``308j. Special pay: affiliation bonus for officers in the Selected 
          Reserve.''.

SEC. 635. INCREASE IN AUTHORIZED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF ENLISTMENT BONUS.

    Section 309(a) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``$20,000'' and inserting ``$40,000''.

SEC. 636. DISCRETION OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO AUTHORIZE RETROACTIVE 
                    HOSTILE FIRE AND IMMINENT DANGER PAY.

    Section 310(c) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so 
        redesignated, the following new paragraph (1):
    ``(1) In the case of an area described in subparagraph (B) 
or (D) of subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of Defense shall be 
responsible for designating the period during which duty in the 
area will qualify members for special pay under this section. 
The effective date designated for the commencement of such a 
period may be a date occurring before, on, or after the actual 
date on which the Secretary makes the designation. If the 
commencement date for such a period is a date occurring before 
the date on which the Secretary makes the designation, the 
payment of special pay under this section for the period 
between the commencement date and the date on which the 
Secretary makes the designation shall be subject to the 
availability of appropriated funds for that purpose.''.

SEC. 637. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM BONUS AMOUNT FOR NUCLEAR-QUALIFIED 
                    OFFICERS EXTENDING PERIOD OF ACTIVE DUTY.

    Section 312(a) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``$25,000'' and inserting ``$30,000''.

SEC. 638. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF NUCLEAR CAREER ANNUAL INCENTIVE 
                    BONUS FOR NUCLEAR-QUALIFIED OFFICERS TRAINED WHILE 
                    SERVING AS ENLISTED MEMBERS.

    Section 312c(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``$10,000'' and inserting ``$14,000''.

SEC. 639. UNIFORM PAYMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY PAY TO 
                    ELIGIBLE RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS AND REGULAR 
                    COMPONENT MEMBERS.

    (a) Availability of Bonus in Lieu of Monthly Special Pay.--
Subsection (a) of section 316 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Special Pay'' and inserting 
        ``Bonus'';
            (2) by striking ``monthly special pay'' and 
        inserting ``a bonus''; and
            (3) by striking ``is entitled to basic pay under 
        section 204 of this title and who''.
    (b) Payment of Bonus.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (b), (d), (e), and (g);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (h) as 
        subsections (d) and (f), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
        new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Bonus Amount; Time for Payment.--A bonus under 
subsection (a) may not exceed $12,000 per one-year 
certification period under subsection (c). The Secretary 
concerned may pay the bonus in a single lump sum at the 
beginning of the certification period or in installments during 
the certification period. The bonus is in addition to any other 
pay or allowance payable to a member under any other provision 
of law.''.
    (c) Repayment.--Such section is further amended by 
inserting after subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection 
(b)(2) of this section, the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Repayment.--(1) A member who receives a bonus under 
this section, but who does not satisfy an eligibility 
requirement specified in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of 
subsection (a) for the entire certification period, shall repay 
to the United States the amount of the bonus so paid, except as 
otherwise prescribed under paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe in 
regulations whether repayment of an amount otherwise required 
under paragraph (1) shall be made in whole or in part, the 
method for computing the amount of such repayment, and any 
conditions under which an exception to required repayment would 
apply.
    ``(3) An obligation to repay the United States imposed 
under paragraph (1) is for all purposes a debt owed to the 
United States. A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is 
entered less than five years after the date on which the member 
received the bonus does not discharge the member from a debt 
arising under paragraph (1).''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``special pay or'' both 
                places it appears; and
                    (B) by striking ``or (b)'';
            (2) in subsection (d), as redesignated by 
        subsection (b)(2) of this section--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``monthly special 
                        pay or'' in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``for receipt'' and all that 
                        follows through the period at the end 
                        and inserting ``under subsection 
                        (a).'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``For 
                purposes'' and all that follows through ``the 
                Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``The 
                Secretary concerned'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``special pay or'' 
                        both places it appears; and
                            (ii) by striking ``subsection (h)'' 
                        and inserting ``subsection (f)''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``section 
                303a(e) of this title''.
    (e) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 316. Special pay: bonus for members with foreign language 
                    proficiency''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 316 and inserting 
        the following new item:

``316. Special pay: bonus for members with foreign language 
          proficiency.''.

SEC. 640. RETENTION BONUS FOR MEMBERS QUALIFIED IN CERTAIN CRITICAL 
                    SKILLS OR ASSIGNED TO HIGH PRIORITY UNITS.

    (a) Availability of Bonus for Reserve Component Members.--
Section 323 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``who is serving on active duty 
                and'' and inserting ``who is serving on active 
                duty in a regular component or in an active 
                status in a reserve component and who'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or to 
                remain in an active status in a reserve 
                component for at least one year'' before the 
                semicolon; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or to 
                remain in an active status in a reserve 
                component for a period of at least one year'' 
                before the period; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by inserting ``or service 
        in an active status in a reserve component'' after 
        ``active duty'' each place it appears.
    (b) Additional Criteria for Bonus.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``designated 
        critical military skill'' and inserting ``critical 
        military skill designated under subsection (b) or 
        accepts an assignment to a high priority unit 
        designated under such subsection'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Designation of Critical 
                Skills.--'' and inserting ``Eligibility 
                Criteria.--(1)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of 
Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is 
not operating as a service in the Navy, may designate a unit as 
a high priority unit regarding which a retention bonus will be 
provided to a member of the armed forces who agrees to accept 
an assignment to the unit under subsection (a).''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)(1), by striking ``members 
        qualified in the critical military skills for which the 
        bonuses were offered'' and inserting ``members of the 
        armed forces who were offered a bonus under this 
        section''.
    (c) Maximum Amount of Bonus for Reserve Component 
Members.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is amended by 
inserting after ``$200,000'' the following: ``(or $100,000 in 
the case of a reserve component member)''.
    (d) Extended Eligibility Period for Certain Members.--
Subsection (e) of such section is amended by striking paragraph 
(2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) The limitations in paragraph (1) do not apply with 
respect to an officer who, during the period of active duty or 
service in an active status in a reserve component for which 
the bonus is being offered, is assigned duties as a health care 
professional.
    ``(3) The limitations in paragraph (1) do not apply with 
respect to a member who, during the period of active duty or 
service in an active status in a reserve component for which 
the bonus is being offered--
            ``(A) is qualified in a skill designated as 
        critical under subsection (b)(1) related to special 
        operations forces; or
            ``(B) is qualified for duty in connection with the 
        supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval 
        nuclear propulsion plants.''.
    (e) Repayment Requirements.--Subsection (g)(1) of such 
section is amended by striking ``If'' and all that follows 
through ``under this section,'' and inserting ``If a member 
paid a bonus under this section fails, during the period of 
service covered by the member's agreement, reenlistment, or 
voluntary extension of enlistment under subsection (a), to 
remain qualified in the critical military skill or to satisfy 
the other eligibility criteria for which the bonus was paid,''.
    (f) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 323 of 
        such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 323. Special pay: retention incentives for members qualified in 
                    critical military skills or assigned to high 
                    priority units''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 323 and inserting 
        the following new item:

``323. Special pay: retention incentives for members qualified in 
          critical military skills or assigned to high priority 
          units.''.

SEC. 641. INCENTIVE BONUS FOR TRANSFER BETWEEN ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 327. Incentive bonus: transfer between armed forces

    ``(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.--A bonus under this 
section may be paid to an eligible member of a regular 
component or reserve component of an armed force who executes a 
written agreement--
            ``(1) to transfer from such regular component or 
        reserve component to a regular component or reserve 
        component of another armed force; and
            ``(2) to serve pursuant to such agreement for a 
        period of not less than three years in the component to 
        which transferred.
    ``(b) Eligible Members.--A member is eligible to enter into 
an agreement under subsection (a) if, as of the date of the 
agreement, the member--
            ``(1) has not failed to satisfactorily complete any 
        term of enlistment in the armed forces;
            ``(2) is eligible for reenlistment in the armed 
        forces or, in the case of an officer, is eligible to 
        continue in service in a regular or reserve component 
        of the armed forces; and
            ``(3) has fulfilled such requirements for transfer 
        to the component of the armed force to which the member 
        will transfer as the Secretary having jurisdiction over 
        such armed force shall establish.
    ``(c) Limitation.--A member may enter into an agreement 
under subsection (a) to transfer to a regular component or 
reserve component of another armed force only if the Secretary 
having jurisdiction over such armed force determines that there 
is shortage of trained and qualified personnel in such 
component.
    ``(d) Amount and Payment of Bonus.--(1) A bonus under this 
section may not exceed $2,500.
    ``(2) A bonus under this section shall be paid by the 
Secretary having jurisdiction of the armed force to which the 
member to be paid the bonus is transferring.
    ``(3) A bonus under this section shall, at the election of 
the Secretary paying the bonus--
            ``(A) be disbursed to the member in one lump sum 
        when the transfer for which the bonus is paid is 
        approved by the chief personnel officer of the armed 
        force to which the member is transferring; or
            ``(B) be paid to the member in annual installments 
        in such amounts as may be determined by the Secretary 
        paying the bonus.
    ``(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--A bonus 
paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other 
pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
    ``(f) Repayment.--(1) A member who is paid a bonus under an 
agreement under this section and who, voluntarily or because of 
misconduct, fails to serve for the period covered by such 
agreement shall refund to the United States an amount which 
bears the same ratio to the amount of the bonus paid such 
member as the period which such member failed to serve bears to 
the total period for which the bonus was paid.
    ``(2) An obligation to reimburse the United States imposed 
under paragraph (1) is for all purposes a debt owed to the 
United States.
    ``(3) A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is 
entered less than 5 years after the termination of an agreement 
under this section does not discharge the person signing such 
agreement from a debt arising under paragraph (1).
    ``(g) Regulations.--The Secretaries concerned shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of a military department under this 
subsection shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of 
Defense.
    ``(h) Termination of Authority.--No agreement under this 
section may be entered into after December 31, 2006.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new item:

``327. Incentive bonus: transfer between armed forces.''.

SEC. 642. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL PAY FOR MEMBERS DURING REHABILITATION 
                    FROM WOUNDS, INJURIES, AND ILLNESSES INCURRED IN A 
                    COMBAT OPERATION OR COMBAT ZONE.

    (a) Special Pay Authorized.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 327, as 
added by section 641, the following new section:

``Sec. 328. Combat-related injury rehabilitation pay

    ``(a) Special Pay Authorized.--The Secretary concerned may 
pay monthly special pay under this section to a member of the 
armed forces who, while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, 
injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone 
designated by the Secretary of Defense and is evacuated from 
the theater of the combat operation or from the combat zone for 
medical treatment.
    ``(b) Commencement of Payment.--Subject to subsection (c), 
the special pay authorized by subsection (a) may be paid to a 
member described in such subsection for any month beginning 
after the date on which the member was evacuated from the 
theater of the combat operation or the combat zone in which the 
member incurred the combat-related injury.
    ``(c) Termination of Payments.--The payment of special pay 
to a member under subsection (a) shall terminate at the end of 
the first month during which any of the following occurs:
            ``(1) The member is paid a benefit under the 
        traumatic injury protection rider of the 
        Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance Program issued 
        under section 1980A of title 38.
            ``(2) The member receives notification of the 
        eligibility of the member for a benefit under such 
        traumatic injury protection rider and a period of 30 
        days expires after the date of such notification.
            ``(3) The member is no longer hospitalized in a 
        military treatment facility or a facility under the 
        auspices of the military health care system.
    ``(d) Amount of Special Pay.--The monthly amount of special 
pay paid to a member under this section shall be equal to $430, 
less any payment received by the member for the same month 
under section 310(b) of this title.
    ``(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Special 
pay paid to a member under this section is in addition to any 
other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled or 
authorized to receive.''.
    (b) Continuation of Hostile Fire and Imminent Danger Pay 
During Hospitalization.--Section 310(b) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``A member covered by subsection 
        (a)(2)(C)'' and all that follows through ``the injury 
        or wound'' and inserting ``(1) A member described in 
        paragraph (2)'';
            (2) by striking ``so hospitalized'' and inserting 
        ``hospitalized as described in such paragraph''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to a member who--
            ``(A) is injured or wounded under the circumstances 
        described in subsection (a)(2)(C) and is hospitalized 
        for the treatment of the injury or wound; or
            ``(B) while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, 
        injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense and is 
        hospitalized outside of the theater of the combat 
        operation or the combat zone for the treatment of the 
        wound, injury, or illness.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 327, as added by section 
641, the following new item:

``328. Combat-related injury rehabilitation pay.''.

    (d) Effective Date.--The Secretary of a military department 
may provide special pay under section 328 of title 37, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), for months beginning 
on or after the date of the enactment of this Act. A member of 
the Armed Forces who incurred a wound, injury, or illness under 
the circumstances described in subsection (a) of such section 
before the date of the enactment of this Act may receive such 
pay for such wound, injury, or illness for months beginning on 
or after that date so long as the member continues to satisfy 
the eligibility criteria specified in such section.

SEC. 643. PAY AND BENEFITS TO FACILITATE VOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF 
                    TARGETED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Pay and Benefits Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 59 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1175 
        the following new section:

``Sec. 1175a. Voluntary separation pay and benefits

    ``(a) In General.--Under regulations approved by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned may provide 
voluntary separation pay and benefits in accordance with this 
section to eligible members of the armed forces who are 
voluntarily separated from active duty in the armed forces.
    ``(b) Eligible Members.--(1) Except as provided in 
paragraph (2), a member of the armed forces is eligible for 
voluntary separation pay and benefits under this section if the 
member--
            ``(A) has served on active duty for more than 6 
        years but not more than 20 years;
            ``(B) has served at least 5 years of continuous 
        active duty immediately preceding the date of the 
        member's separation from active duty;
            ``(C) has not been approved for payment of a 
        voluntary separation incentive under section 1175 of 
        this title;
            ``(D) meets such other requirements as the 
        Secretary concerned may prescribe, which may include 
        requirements relating to--
                    ``(i) years of service, skill, rating, 
                military specialty, or competitive category;
                    ``(ii) grade or rank;
                    ``(iii) remaining period of obligated 
                service; or
                    ``(iv) any combination of these factors; 
                and
            ``(E) requests separation from active duty.
    ``(2) The following members are not eligible for voluntary 
separation pay and benefits under this section:
            ``(A) Members discharged with disability severance 
        pay under section 1212 of this title.
            ``(B) Members transferred to the temporary 
        disability retired list under section 1202 or 1205 of 
        this title.
            ``(C) Members being evaluated for disability 
        retirement under chapter 61 of this title.
            ``(D) Members who have been previously discharged 
        with voluntary separation pay.
            ``(E) Members who are subject to pending 
        disciplinary action or who are subject to 
        administrative separation or mandatory discharge under 
        any other provision of law or regulations.
    ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall determine each year the 
number of members to be separated, and provided separation pay 
and benefits, under this section during the fiscal year 
beginning in such year.
    ``(c) Separation.--Each eligible member of the armed forces 
whose request for separation from active duty under subsection 
(b)(1)(E) is approved shall be separated from active duty.
    ``(d) Additional Service in Ready Reserve.--Of the number 
of members of the armed forces to be separated from active duty 
in a fiscal year, as determined under subsection (b)(3), the 
Secretary concerned shall determine a number of such members, 
in such skill and grade combinations as the Secretary concerned 
shall designate, who shall serve in the Ready Reserve, after 
separation from active duty, for a period of not less than 
three years, as a condition of the receipt of voluntary 
separation pay and benefits under this section.
    ``(e) Separation Pay and Benefits.--(1) A member of the 
armed forces who is separated from active duty under subsection 
(c) shall be paid voluntary separation pay in accordance with 
subsection (g) in an amount determined by the Secretary 
concerned pursuant to subsection (f).
    ``(2) A member who is not entitled to retired or retainer 
pay upon separation shall be entitled to the benefits and 
services provided under--
            ``(A) chapter 58 of this title during the 180-day 
        period beginning on the date the member is separated 
        (notwithstanding any termination date for such benefits 
        and services otherwise applicable under the provisions 
        of such chapter); and
            ``(B) sections 404 and 406 of title 37.
    ``(f) Computation of Voluntary Separation Pay.--The 
Secretary concerned shall specify the amount of voluntary 
separation pay that an individual or defined group of members 
of the armed forces may be paid under subsection (e)(1). No 
member may receive as voluntary separation pay an amount 
greater than two times the full amount of separation pay for a 
member of the same pay grade and years of service who is 
involuntarily separated under section 1174 of this title.
    ``(g) Payment of Voluntary Separation Pay.--(1) Voluntary 
separation pay under this section may be paid in a single lump 
sum.
    ``(2) In the case of a member of the armed forces who, at 
the time of separation under subsection (c), has completed at 
least 15 years, but less than 20 years, of active service, 
voluntary separation pay may be paid, at the election of the 
Secretary concerned, in--
            ``(A) a single lump sum;
            ``(B) installments over a period not to exceed 10 
        years; or
            ``(C) a combination of lump sum and such 
        installments.
    ``(h) Coordination With Retired or Retainer Pay and 
Disability Compensation.--(1) A member who is paid voluntary 
separation pay under this section and who later qualities for 
retired or retainer pay under this title or title 14 shall have 
deducted from each payment of such retired or retainer pay an 
amount, in such schedule of monthly installments as the 
Secretary concerned shall specify, until the total amount 
deducted from such retired or retainer pay is equal to the 
total amount of voluntary separation pay so paid.
    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), a 
member who is paid voluntary separation pay under this section 
shall not be deprived, by reason of the member's receipt of 
such pay, of any disability compensation to which the member is 
entitled under the laws administered by the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, but there shall be deducted from such 
disability compensation an amount, in such schedule of monthly 
installments as the Secretary concerned shall specify, until 
the total amount deducted from such disability compensation is 
equal to the total amount of voluntary separation pay so paid, 
less the amount of Federal income tax withheld from such pay 
(such withholding being at the flat withholding rate for 
Federal income tax withholding, as in effect pursuant to 
regulations prescribed under chapter 24 of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986).
    ``(B) No deduction shall be made from the disability 
compensation paid to an eligible disabled uniformed services 
retiree under section 1413, or to an eligible combat-related 
disabled uniformed services retiree under section 1413a of this 
title, who is paid voluntary separation pay under this section.
    ``(C) No deduction may be made from the disability 
compensation paid to a member for the amount of voluntary 
separation pay received by the member because of an earlier 
discharge or release from a period of active duty if the 
disability which is the basis for that disability compensation 
was incurred or aggravated during a later period of active 
duty.
    ``(3) The requirement under this subsection to repay 
voluntary separation pay following retirement from the armed 
forces does not apply to a member who was eligible to retire at 
the time the member applied and was accepted for voluntary 
separation pay and benefits under this section.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned may waive the requirement to 
repay voluntary separation pay under paragraphs (1) and (2) if 
the Secretary determines that recovery would be against equity 
and good conscience or would be contrary to the best interests 
of the United States.
    ``(i) Retirement Defined.--In this section, the term 
`retirement' includes a transfer to the Fleet Reserve or Fleet 
Marine Corps Reserve.
    ``(j) Repayment for Members Who Return to Active Duty.--(1) 
Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), a member of the 
armed forces who, after having received all or part of 
voluntary separation pay under this section, returns to active 
duty shall have deducted from each payment of basic pay, in 
such schedule of monthly installments as the Secretary 
concerned shall specify, until the total amount deducted from 
such basic pay equals the total amount of voluntary separation 
pay received.
    ``(2) Members who are involuntarily recalled to active duty 
or full-time National Guard duty in accordance with section 
12301(a), 12301(b), 12301(g), 12302, 12303, or 12304 of this 
title or section 502(f)(1) of title 32 shall not be subject to 
this subsection.
    ``(3) Members who are recalled or perform active duty or 
full-time National Guard duty in accordance with section 
101(d)(1), 101(d)(2), 101(d)(5), 12301(d) (insofar as the 
period served is less than 180 consecutive days with the 
consent of the member), 12319, or 12503 of title 10, or section 
114, 115, or 502(f)(2) of title 32 (insofar as the period 
served is less than 180 consecutive days with consent of the 
member), shall not be subject to this subsection.
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense may waive, in whole or in 
part, repayment required under paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
determines that recovery would be against equity and good 
conscience or would be contrary to the best interests of the 
United States. The authority in this paragraph may be delegated 
only to the Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness and the Principal Deputy Undersecretary of Defense 
for Personnel and Readiness.
    ``(k) Termination of Authority.--(1) The authority to 
separate a member of the armed forces from active duty under 
subsection (c) shall terminate on December 31, 2008.
    ``(2) A member who separates by the date specified in 
paragraph (1) may continue to be provided voluntary separation 
pay and benefits under this section until the member has 
received the entire amount of pay and benefits to which the 
member is entitled under this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 59 of such title is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 1175 the 
        following new item:

``1175a. Voluntary separation pay and benefits.''.

    (b) Limitation on Applicability.--During the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending 
on December 31, 2008, the members of the Armed Forces who are 
eligible for separation, and for the provision of voluntary 
separation pay and benefits, under section 1175a of title 10, 
United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), shall be 
limited to officers of the Armed Forces who meet the 
eligibility requirements of section 1175a(b) of title 10, 
United States Code (as so added), but have not completed more 
than 12 years of active service as of the date of separation 
from active duty.

SEC. 644. RATIFICATION OF PAYMENT OF CRITICAL-SKILLS ACCESSION BONUS 
                    FOR PERSONS ENROLLED IN SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
                    TRAINING CORPS OBTAINING NURSING DEGREES.

    (a) Accession Bonus Authorized.--In the case of an 
agreement executed under section 324 of title 37, United States 
Code, from October 5, 2004, through December 31, 2005, between 
the Secretary of the Army and a person who completed the second 
year of an accredited baccalaureate degree program in nursing 
to serve in the Army Nurse Corps, the payment of an accession 
bonus to the person under such section is authorized even 
though the person did not possess a skill designated as 
critical and, at the time of the agreement, was enrolled in the 
Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program of the Army for 
advanced training under chapter 103 of title 10, United States 
Code, including a person receiving financial assistance under 
section 2107 of such title.
    (b) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.--The amount of the 
accession bonus referred to in subsection (a) may not exceed 
$5,000.

SEC. 645. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO PAY BONUS TO ENCOURAGE MEMBERS OF THE 
                    ARMY TO REFER OTHER PERSONS FOR ENLISTMENT IN THE 
                    ARMY.

    (a) Authority To Pay Bonus.--The Secretary of the Army may 
pay a bonus under this section to a member of the Army, whether 
in the regular component of the Army or in the Army National 
Guard or Army Reserve, who refers to an Army recruiter a person 
who has not previously served in an Armed Force and who, after 
such referral, enlists in the regular component of the Army or 
in the Army National Guard or Army Reserve.
    (b) Referral.--For purposes of this section, a referral for 
which a bonus may be paid under subsection (a) occurs--
            (1) when a member of the Army contacts an Army 
        recruiter on behalf of a person interested in enlisting 
        in the Army; or
            (2) when a person interested in enlisting in the 
        Army contacts the Army recruiter and informs the 
        recruiter of the role of the member in initially 
        recruiting the person.
    (c) Certain Referrals Ineligible.--
            (1) Referral of immediate family.--A member of the 
        Army may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) for 
        the referral of an immediate family member.
            (2) Members in recruiting roles.--A member of the 
        Army serving in a recruiting or retention assignment, 
        or assigned to other duties regarding which eligibility 
        for a bonus under subsection (a) could (as determined 
        by the Secretary) be perceived as creating a conflict 
        of interest, may not be paid a bonus under subsection 
        (a).
    (d) Amount of Bonus.--The amount of the bonus paid for a 
referral under subsection (a) may not exceed $1,000. The bonus 
shall be paid in a lump sum.
    (e) Time of Payment.--A bonus may not be paid under 
subsection (a) with respect to a person who enlists in the Army 
until the person completes basic training and individual 
advanced training.
    (f) Relation to Prohibition on Bounties.--The referral 
bonus authorized by this section is not a bounty for purposes 
of section 514(a) of title 10, United States Code.
    (g) Duration of Authority.--A bonus may not be paid under 
subsection (a) with respect to any referral that occurs after 
December 31, 2007.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

SEC. 651. AUTHORIZED ABSENCES OF MEMBERS FOR WHICH LODGING EXPENSES AT 
                    TEMPORARY DUTY LOCATION MAY BE PAID.

    (a) Absences Covered by Allowance.--Section 404b of title 
37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``while the 
        member is in an authorized leave status'' and inserting 
        ``during an authorized absence of the member from the 
        temporary duty location'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``taking 
                the authorized leave'' and inserting ``the 
                authorized absence''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``immediately after completing the authorized 
                leave'' and inserting ``before the end of the 
                authorized absence'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``while the 
        member was in an authorized leave status'' and 
        inserting ``during the authorized absence of the 
        member''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Authorized Absence Defined.--In this section, the 
term `authorized absence', with respect to a member, means that 
the member is in an authorized leave status or that the absence 
of the member is otherwise authorized under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary concerned.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 404b. Travel and transportation allowances: payment of lodging 
                    expenses at temporary duty location during 
                    authorized absence of member''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 404b and 
        inserting the following new item:

``404b. Travel and transportation allowances: payment of lodging 
          expenses at temporary duty location during authorized absence 
          of member.''.

SEC. 652. EXTENDED PERIOD FOR SELECTION OF HOME FOR TRAVEL AND 
                    TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES FOR DEPENDENTS OF 
                    DECEASED MEMBERS.

    (a) Death of Members Entitled to Basic Pay.--Subsection (f) 
section 406 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(f)'';
            (2) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the 
        member''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall give the dependents of 
a member described in paragraph (1) a period of not less than 
three years, beginning on the date of the death of the member, 
during which to select a home for the purposes of the travel 
and transportation allowances authorized by this section.''.
    (b) Certain Other Deceased Members.--Subsection (g)(3) of 
such section is amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by striking ``he exercises it'' and inserting 
        ``the member exercises the right or entitlement'';
            (2) by striking ``his surviving dependents or, if'' 
        and inserting ``the surviving dependents at any time 
        before the end of the three-year period beginning on 
        the date on which the member accrued that right or 
        entitlement. If''; and
            (3) by striking ``his baggage and household 
        effects'' and inserting ``the baggage and household 
        effects of the deceased member''.

SEC. 653. TRANSPORTATION OF FAMILY MEMBERS IN CONNECTION WITH THE 
                    REPATRIATION OF MEMBERS HELD CAPTIVE.

    (a) Allowances Authorized.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 411i the 
following new section:

``Sec. 411j. Travel and transportation allowances: transportation of 
                    family members incident to the repatriation of 
                    members held captive

    ``(a) Allowance for Family Members and Certain Others.--(1) 
Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries 
concerned, travel and transportation described in subsection 
(d) may be provided for not more than three family members of a 
member described in subsection (b).
    ``(2) In addition to the family members authorized to be 
provided travel and transportation under paragraph (1), the 
Secretary concerned may provide travel and transportation 
described in subsection (d) to an attendant to accompany a 
family member described in that paragraph if the Secretary 
determines that--
            ``(A) the family member to be accompanied is unable 
        to travel unattended because of age, physical 
        condition, or other reason determined by the Secretary; 
        and
            ``(B) no other family member who is eligible for 
        travel and transportation under paragraph (1) is able 
        to serve as an attendant for the family member.
    ``(3) If no family member of a member described in 
subsection (b) is able to travel to the repatriation site of 
the member, travel and transportation described in subsection 
(d) may be provided to not more than 2 persons related to and 
selected by the member.
    ``(4) In circumstances determined to be appropriate by the 
Secretary concerned, the Secretary may waive the limitation on 
the number of family members of a member provided travel and 
transportation allowances under this section.
    ``(b) Covered Members.--A member described in this 
subsection is a member of the uniformed services who--
            ``(1) is serving on active duty;
            ``(2) was held captive, as determined by the 
        Secretary concerned; and
            ``(3) is repatriated to a site inside or outside 
        the United States.
    ``(c) Eligible Family Members.--In this section, the term 
`family member' has the meaning given the term in section 
411h(b) of this title.
    ``(d) Travel and Transportation Authorized.--(1) The 
transportation authorized by subsection (a) is round-trip 
transportation between the home of the family member (or home 
of the attendant or person provided transportation under 
paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a), as the case may be) and 
the location of the repatriation site at which the member is 
located.
    ``(2) In addition to the transportation authorized by 
subsection (a), the Secretary concerned may provide a per diem 
allowance or reimbursement for the actual and necessary 
expenses of the travel, or a combination thereof, but not to 
exceed the rates established for such allowances and expenses 
under section 404(d) of this title.
    ``(3) The transportation authorized by subsection (a) may 
be provided by any of the means described in section 411h(d)(1) 
of this title.
    ``(4) An allowance under this subsection may be paid in 
advance.
    ``(5) Reimbursement payable under this subsection may not 
exceed the cost of Government-procured round-trip air 
travel.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 411i the following new item:

``411j. Travel and transportation allowances: transportation of family 
          members incident to the repatriation of members held 
          captive.''.

SEC. 654. INCREASED WEIGHT ALLOWANCES FOR SHIPMENT OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS 
                    OF SENIOR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

    (a) Increase.--The table in section 406(b)(1)(C) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking the items 
relating to pay grades E-7 through E-9 and inserting the 
following new items:




``E-9.............................             13,000             15,000
E-8...............................             12,000             14,000
E-7...............................             11,000          13,000''.


    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on January 1, 2006, and apply with respect to 
an order in connection with a change of temporary or permanent 
station issued on or after that date.

SEC. 655. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION 
                    ALLOWANCES FOR FAMILY MEMBERS TO VISIT HOSPITALIZED 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES INJURED IN COMBAT 
                    OPERATION OR COMBAT ZONE.

    (a) Authority To Continue Allowance.--Section 1026 of 
division A of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for 
Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 
(Public Law 109-13; 119 Stat. 254), is amended by striking 
subsections (d) and (e).
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (a)(2)(B)(ii) of 
section 411h of title 37, United States Code, as added by 
section 1026 of division A of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and 
Tsunami Relief, 2005, is amended by striking ``under section 
1967(e)(1)(A) of title 38''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on the earlier of the following:
            (1) The date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) The date specified in section 106(3) of Public 
        Law 109-77 (119 Stat. 2039).

             Subtitle D--Retired Pay and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 661. MONTHLY DISBURSEMENT TO STATES OF STATE INCOME TAX WITHHELD 
                    FROM RETIRED OR RETAINER PAY.

    Section 1045(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
in the third sentence--
            (1) by striking ``quarter'' the first place it 
        appears and inserting ``month''; and
            (2) by striking ``during the month following that 
        calendar quarter'' and inserting ``during the following 
        calendar month''.

SEC. 662. DENIAL OF CERTAIN BURIAL-RELATED BENEFITS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO 
                    COMMITTED A CAPITAL OFFENSE.

    (a) Prohibition of Interment in National Cemeteries.--
Section 2411 of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for 
                which the person was sentenced to death or life 
                imprisonment'' and inserting ``and whose 
                conviction is final (other than a person whose 
                sentence was commuted by the President)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``for 
                which the person was sentenced to death or life 
                imprisonment without parole'' and inserting 
                ``and whose conviction is final (other than a 
                person whose sentence was commuted by the 
                Governor of a State)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the 
                death penalty or life imprisonment may be 
                imposed'' and inserting ``a sentence of 
                imprisonment for life or the death penalty may 
                be imposed''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the 
                death penalty or life imprisonment without 
                parole may be imposed'' and inserting ``a 
                sentence of imprisonment for life or the death 
                penalty may be imposed''.
    (b) Prohibition of Certain Department of Defense 
Benefits.--
            (1) Additional circumstances for prohibition of 
        performance of military honors.--Subsection (a) of 
        section 985 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(under section 1491 of 
                this title or any other authority)'' after 
                ``military honors''; and
                    (B) by striking ``a person who'' and all 
                that follows and inserting the following: ``any 
                of the following persons:
            ``(1) A person described in section 2411(b) of 
        title 38.
            ``(2) A person who is a veteran (as defined in 
        section 1491(h) of this title) or who died while on 
        active duty or a member of a reserve component, when 
        the circumstances surrounding the person's death or 
        other circumstances as specified by the Secretary of 
        Defense are such that to provide military honors at the 
        funeral or burial of the person would bring discredit 
        upon the person's service (or former service).''.
            (2) Additional circumstances for prohibition of 
        interment in military cemetery.--Subsection (b) of such 
        section is amended by striking ``convicted of a capital 
        offense under Federal law'' and inserting ``who is 
        ineligible for interment in a national cemetery under 
        the control of the National Cemetery Administration by 
        reason of section 2411(b) of title 38''.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (c) such 
        section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Definition.--In this section, the term `burial' 
includes inurnment.''.
            (4) Prohibition of funeral honors.--Section 1491(a) 
        of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting before the period at the end the following: 
        ``, except when military honors are prohibited under 
        section 985(a) of this title''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 985 of 
        such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 985. Persons convicted of capital crimes; certain other persons: 
                    denial of specified burial-related benefits''.

            (2) Table of sections.--The item relating to 
        section 985 in the table of sections at the beginning 
        of chapter 49 of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:

``985. Persons convicted of capital crimes; certain other persons: 
          denial of specified burial-related benefits.''.

    (d) Rulemaking.--
            (1) Department of veterans affairs.--The Secretary 
        of Veterans Affairs shall prescribe regulations to 
        ensure that a person is not interred in any cemetery in 
        the National Cemetery System unless a good faith effort 
        has been made to determine whether such person is 
        ineligible for such interment or honors by reason of 
        being a person described in section 2411(b) of title 
        38, United States Code, or is otherwise ineligible for 
        such interment under Federal law.
            (2) Department of defense.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall prescribe regulations to ensure that a 
        person is not interred in any military cemetery under 
        the authority of the Secretary of a military department 
        or provided funeral honors under section 1491 of title 
        10, United States Code, unless a good faith effort has 
        been made to determine whether such person is 
        ineligible for such interment or honors by reason of 
        being a person described in section 2411(b) of title 
        38, United States Code, or is otherwise ineligible for 
        such interment or honors under Federal law.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to funerals and burials that occur on 
or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 663. CONCURRENT RECEIPT OF VETERANS' DISABILITY COMPENSATION AND 
                    MILITARY RETIRED PAY.

    Section 1414(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``, and in the case of a qualified retiree receiving 
veterans' disability compensation at the rate payable for a 100 
percent disability by reason of a determination of individual 
unemployability, payment of retired pay to such veteran is 
subject to subsection (c) only during the period beginning on 
January 1, 2004, and ending on September 30, 2009''.

SEC. 664. ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS OF DEATH GRATUITY FOR SURVIVORS OF CERTAIN 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DYING ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    (a) Increased Amount of Death Gratuity.--
            (1) Increased amount.--Subsection (a) of section 
        1478 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        striking ``$12,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.
            (2) Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence of subsection 
                (a), by striking ``(as'' and all that follows 
                in that sentence and inserting a period; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (c).
            (3) Effective date.--The amendment made by 
        paragraph (1) shall take effect as of October 7, 2001, 
        and shall apply to deaths occurring on or after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and, subject to 
        subsection (c), to deaths occurring during the period 
        beginning on October 7, 2001, and ending on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Retroactive Payment of Additional Death Gratuity for 
Certain Members not Previously Covered.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d)(1) In the case of a person described in paragraph 
(2), a death gratuity shall be payable, subject to section 
664(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2006, for the death of such person that is in addition to 
the death gratuity payable in the case of such death under 
subsection (a).
    ``(2) This subsection applies in the case of a person who 
died during the period beginning on October 7, 2001, and ending 
on May 11, 2005, while a member of the armed forces on active 
duty and whose death did not establish eligibility for an 
additional death gratuity under the prior subsection (e) of 
this section (as added by section 1013(b) of Public Law 109-13; 
119 Stat. 247), because the person was not described in 
paragraph (2) of that prior subsection.
    ``(3) The amount of additional death gratuity payable under 
this subsection shall be $150,000.
    ``(4) A payment pursuant to this subsection shall be paid 
in the same manner as provided under paragraph (4) of the prior 
subsection (e) of this section (as added by section 1013(b) of 
Public Law 109-13; 119 Stat. 247), for payments pursuant to 
paragraph (3)(A) of that prior subsection.''.
    (c) Funding.--Amounts for payments after the date of the 
enactment of this Act by reason of the amendments made by 
subsection (a) with respect to deaths before the date of the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and amounts for payments 
under subsection (d) of section 1478 of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (b), shall be derived from 
supplemental appropriations for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2006 for military operations in Iraq and 
Afghanistan and the Global War on Terrorism, contingent upon 
such appropriations being enacted.
    (d) Coordination of Amendments.--If the date of the 
enactment of this Act occurs before the date specified in 
section 106(3) of Public Law 109-77--
            (1) effective as of such date of enactment, the 
        amendments made to section 1478 of title 10, United 
        States Code, by section 1013 of Public Law 109-13 are 
        repealed; and
            (2) effective immediately before the execution of 
        the amendments made by this section, the provisions of 
        section 1478 of title 10, United States Code, as in 
        effect on the day before the date of the enactment of 
        Public Law 109-13, are revived.

SEC. 665. CHILD SUPPORT FOR CERTAIN MINOR CHILDREN OF RETIREMENT-
                    ELIGIBLE MEMBERS CONVICTED OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
                    RESULTING IN DEATH OF CHILD'S OTHER PARENT.

    (a) Authority for Court-Ordered Payments.--Section 1408(h) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end of such paragraph 
                the following:
    ``(B) If, in the case of a member or former member of the 
armed forces referred to in paragraph (2)(A), a court order 
provides for the payment as child support of an amount from the 
disposable retired pay of that member or former member (as 
certified under paragraph (4)) to an eligible dependent child 
of the member or former member, the Secretary concerned, 
beginning upon effective service of such court order, shall pay 
that amount in accordance with this subsection to such 
dependent child.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                (A), by inserting ``, or a dependent child,'' 
                after ``former spouse'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by inserting ``in the case of 
                        eligibility of a spouse or former 
                        spouse under paragraph (1)(A),'' after 
                        ``(B)''; and
                            (ii) by striking the period at the 
                        end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) in the case of eligibility of a dependent 
        child under paragraph (1)(B), the other parent of the 
        child died as a result of the misconduct that resulted 
        in the termination of retired pay.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``, or an 
        eligible dependent child,'' after ``former spouse'';
            (4) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``, or the 
        dependent child,'' after ``former spouse''; and
            (5) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``, or to a 
        dependent child,'' after ``former spouse''.
    (b) Effective Date.--A court order authorized by the 
amendments made by this section may not provide for a payment 
attributable to any period before the date of the enactment of 
this Act, or the date of the court order, whichever is later.

SEC. 666. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON ACTUARIAL SOUNDNESS OF THE 
                    SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.

    (a) Report.--Not later than July 31, 2006, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
actuarial soundness of the Survivor Benefit Plan program under 
subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the implications for the 
        actuarial soundness of the Survivor Benefit Plan 
        program of recent improvements to that program, 
        including the implications of such improvements for the 
        actuarial soundness of that program with respect to 
        various categories of participants in the program and 
        with respect to the program as a whole.
            (2) An assessment of the implications for 
        Government contributions and payments to the Survivor 
        Benefit Plan program of the improvements to that 
        program covered by paragraph (1), including the 
        implications of such improvements on such contributions 
        and payments with respect to various categories of 
        participants in the program and with respect to the 
        program as a whole.
            (3) An assessment of the implications for the 
        actuarial soundness of the Survivor Benefit Plan 
        program, and for Government contributions and payments 
        to that program, of--
                    (A) enactment of a law permitting 
                participants in that program to designate an 
                insurable interest beneficiary if a previously 
                designated beneficiary dies; and
                    (B) enactment of a law repealing the 
                provisions of sections 1450(c) and 1451(c)(2) 
                of title 10, United States Code, that require 
                the reduction of an annuity paid to a 
                beneficiary under that program by the amount of 
                dependency and indemnity compensation paid to 
                the same beneficiary under section 1311(a) of 
                title 38, United States Code.
    (c) Government Contributions.--In making the assessments 
under paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b), the Comptroller 
General, in considering the Government contributions to the 
Survivor Benefit Plan program, shall consider both the 
Government's normal cost contributions under the program and 
the Government's payments to amortize unfunded liability under 
the program.

   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                                Benefits

SEC. 671. INCREASE IN AUTHORIZED LEVEL OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES 
                    PROCUREMENT FROM OVERSEAS EXCHANGE STORES.

    Section 2424(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``$50,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.

SEC. 672. REQUIREMENTS FOR PRIVATE OPERATION OF COMMISSARY STORE 
                    FUNCTIONS.

    Section 2485(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``Until December 31, 2008, the Defense Commissary Agency is not 
required to conduct any cost-comparison study under the 
policies and procedures of Office of Management and Budget 
Circular A-76 relating to the possible contracting out of 
commissary store functions.''.

SEC. 673. PROVISION OF AND PAYMENT FOR OVERSEAS TRANSPORTATION SERVICES 
                    FOR COMMISSARY AND EXCHANGE SUPPLIES AND PRODUCTS.

    Section 2643 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Transportation Options.--'' 
        before ``The Secretary'';
            (2) in the first sentence, by striking ``by sea 
        without relying on the Military Sealift Command'' and 
        inserting ``to destinations outside the continental 
        United States without relying on the Air Mobility 
        Command, the Military Sealift Command,'';
            (3) in the second sentence, by striking 
        ``transportation contracts'' and inserting ``contracts 
        for sea-borne transportation''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Payment of Transportation Costs.--Section 2483(b)(5) 
of this title, regarding the use of appropriated funds to cover 
the expenses of operating commissary stores, shall apply to the 
transportation of commissary supplies and products. 
Appropriated funds for the Department of Defense shall also be 
used to cover the expenses of transporting exchange supplies 
and products to destinations outside the continental United 
States.''.

SEC. 674. COMPENSATORY TIME OFF FOR CERTAIN NONAPPROPRIATED FUND 
                    EMPLOYEES.

    Section 5543 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The appropriate Secretary may, on request of an 
employee of a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the 
Department of Defense or the Coast Guard described in section 
2105(c), grant such employee compensatory time off from duty 
instead of overtime pay for overtime work.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term 
`appropriate Secretary' means--
            ``(A) with respect to an employee of a 
        nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the Department 
        of Defense, the Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(B) with respect to an employee of a 
        nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the Coast 
        Guard, the Secretary of the Executive department in 
        which it is operating.''.

SEC. 675. REST AND RECUPERATION LEAVE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Availability of Funds for Reimbursement of Expenses.--
Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by section 301(5) 
for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities, 
$7,000,000 may be available for the reimbursement of expenses 
of the Armed Forces Recreation Centers related to the 
utilization of the facilities of the Armed Forces Recreation 
Centers under official Rest and Recuperation Leave Programs 
authorized by the military departments or combatant commanders.
    (b) Utilization of Reimbursements.--Amounts received by the 
Armed Forces Recreation Centers under subsection (a) as 
reimbursement for expenses may be utilized by such Centers for 
facility maintenance and repair, utility expenses, correction 
of health and safety deficiencies, and routine ground 
maintenance.
    (c) Regulations.--The utilization of facilities of the 
Armed Forces Recreation Centers under Rest and Recuperation 
Leave Programs, and reimbursement for expenses related to such 
utilization of such facilities, shall be subject to regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 681. TEMPORARY ARMY AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL RECRUITMENT 
                    INCENTIVES.

    (a) Authority To Develop and Provide Recruitment 
Incentives.--The Secretary of the Army may develop and provide 
incentives not otherwise authorized by law to encourage 
individuals to accept commissions as officers or to enlist in 
the Army.
    (b) Relation to Other Personnel Authorities.--A recruitment 
incentive developed under subsection (a) may be provided--
            (1) without regard to the lack of specific 
        authority for the incentive under title 10 or 37, 
        United States Code; and
            (2) notwithstanding any provision of such titles, 
        or any rule or regulation prescribed under such 
        provision, relating to methods of--
                    (A) determining requirements for, and the 
                compensation of, members of the Army who are 
                assigned duty as military recruiters; or
                    (B) providing incentives to individuals to 
                accept commissions or enlist in the Army, 
                including the provision of group or individual 
                bonuses, pay, or other incentives.
    (c) Waiver of Otherwise Applicable Laws.--A provision of 
title 10 or 37, United States Code, may not be waived with 
respect to, or otherwise determined to be inapplicable to, the 
provision of a recruitment incentive developed under subsection 
(a) without the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
    (d) Notice and Wait Requirement.--A recruitment incentive 
developed under subsection (a) may not be provided to 
individuals until--
            (1) the Secretary of the Army submits to Congress, 
        the appropriate elements of the Department of Defense, 
        and the Comptroller General a plan that includes--
                    (A) a description of the incentive, 
                including the purpose of the incentive and the 
                potential recruits to be addressed by the 
                incentive;
                    (B) a description of the provisions of 
                titles 10 and 37, United States Code, from 
                which the incentive would require a waiver and 
                the rationale to support the waiver;
                    (C) a statement of the anticipated outcomes 
                as a result of providing the incentive; and
                    (D) the method to be used to evaluate the 
                effectiveness of the incentive; and
            (2) a 45-day period beginning on the date on which 
        the plan was received by Congress expires.
    (e) Limitation on Number of Incentives.--Not more than four 
recruitment incentives may be provided under the authority of 
this section.
    (f) Limitation on Number of Individuals Receiving 
Incentives.--The number of individuals who receive one or more 
of the recruitment incentives provided under subsection (a) 
during a fiscal year may not exceed the number of individuals 
equal to 20 percent of the accession mission of the Army for 
that fiscal year.
    (g) Duration of Developed Incentive.--A recruitment 
incentive developed under subsection (a) may be provided for 
not longer than a three-year period beginning on the date on 
which the incentive is first provided, except that the 
Secretary of the Army may extend the period if the Secretary 
determines that additional time is needed to fully evaluate the 
effectiveness of the incentive.
    (h) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Secretary of the army report.--The Secretary of 
        the Army shall submit to Congress an annual report on 
        the recruitment incentives provided under subsection 
        (a) during the preceding year, including--
                    (A) a description of the incentives 
                provided under subsection (a) during that 
                fiscal year; and
                    (B) an assessment of the impact of the 
                incentives on the recruitment of individuals as 
                officers or enlisted members.
            (2) Comptroller general report.--As soon as 
        practicable after receipt of each plan under subsection 
        (d), the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a 
        report evaluating the expected outcomes of the 
        recruitment incentive covered by the plan in terms of 
        cost effectiveness and mission achievement.
    (i) Termination of Authority To Provide Incentives.--
Notwithstanding subsection (g), the authority to provide 
recruitment incentives under this section expires on December 
31, 2009.

SEC. 682. CLARIFICATION OF LEAVE ACCRUAL FOR MEMBERS ASSIGNED TO A 
                    DEPLOYABLE SHIP OR MOBILE UNIT OR OTHER DUTY.

    Subparagraph (B) of section 701(f)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(B) This subsection applies to a member who--
            ``(i) serves on active duty for a continuous period 
        of at least 120 days in an area in which the member is 
        entitled to special pay under section 310(a) of title 
        37;
            ``(ii) is assigned to a deployable ship or mobile 
        unit or to other duty designated for the purpose of 
        this section; or
            ``(iii) on or after August 29, 2005, performs duty 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense as qualifying 
        duty for purposes of this subsection.''.

SEC. 683. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO REMIT OR CANCEL INDEBTEDNESS OF 
                    MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES INCURRED ON ACTIVE 
                    DUTY.

    (a) Indebtedness of Members of the Army.--
            (1) Authority.--Section 4837 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 4837. Settlement of accounts: remission or cancellation of 
                    indebtedness of members

    ``(a) In General.--If the Secretary considers it to be in 
the best interest of the United States, the Secretary may have 
remitted or cancelled any part of the indebtedness of a member 
of the Army on active duty, or a member of a reserve component 
of the Army in an active status, to the United States or any 
instrumentality of the United States incurred while the member 
was serving on active duty.
    ``(b) Period of Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary may 
exercise the authority in subsection (a) with respect to a 
member--
            ``(1) while the member is on active duty or in 
        active status, as the case may be;
            ``(2) if discharged from the armed forces under 
        honorable conditions, during the one-year period 
        beginning on the date of such discharge; or
            ``(3) if released from active status in a reserve 
        component, during the one-year period beginning on the 
        date of such release.
    ``(c) Retroactive Applicability to Certain Debts.--The 
authority in subsection (a) may be exercised with respect to 
any debt covered by that subsection that is incurred on or 
after October 7, 2001.
    ``(d) Regulations.--This section shall be administered 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The item relating to that 
        section in the table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 453 of such title is amended by striking the 
        penultimate word.
            (3) Termination.--The amendments made by this 
        subsection shall terminate on December 31, 2007. 
        Effective on that date, section 4873 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as in effect on the day before the 
        date of the enactment of this Act shall be revived.
    (b) Indebtedness of Members of the Navy.--
            (1) Authority.--Section 6161 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 6161. Settlement of accounts: remission or cancellation of 
                    indebtedness of members

    ``(a) In General.--If the Secretary of the Navy considers 
it to be in the best interest of the United States, the 
Secretary may have remitted or cancelled any part of the 
indebtedness of a member of the Navy on active duty, or a 
member of a reserve component of the Navy in an active status, 
to the United States or any instrumentality of the United 
States incurred while the member was serving on active duty.
    ``(b) Period of Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary of 
the Navy may exercise the authority in subsection (a) with 
respect to a member--
            ``(1) while the member is on active duty or in 
        active status, as the case may be;
            ``(2) if discharged from the armed forces under 
        honorable conditions, during the one-year period 
        beginning on the date of such discharge; or
            ``(3) if released from active status in a reserve 
        component, during the one-year period beginning on the 
        date of such release.
    ``(c) Retroactive Applicability to Certain Debts.--The 
authority in subsection (a) may be exercised with respect to 
any debt covered by that subsection that is incurred on or 
after October 7, 2001.
    ``(d) Regulations.--This section shall be administered 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The item relating to that 
        section in the table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 561 of such title is amended by striking the 
        penultimate word.
            (3) Termination.--The amendments made by this 
        subsection shall terminate on December 31, 2007. 
        Effective on that date, section 6161 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as in effect on the day before the 
        date of the enactment of this Act shall be revived.
    (c) Indebtedness of Members of the Air Force.--
            (1) Authority.--Section 9837 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 9837. Settlement of accounts: remission or cancellation of 
                    indebtedness of members

    ``(a) In General.--If the Secretary considers it to be in 
the best interest of the United States, the Secretary may have 
remitted or cancelled any part of the indebtedness of a member 
of the Air Force on active duty, or a member of a reserve 
component of the Air Force in an active status, to the United 
States or any instrumentality of the United States incurred 
while the member was serving on active duty.
    ``(b) Period of Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary may 
exercise the authority in subsection (a) with respect to a 
member--
            ``(1) while the member is on active duty or in 
        active status, as the case may be;
            ``(2) if discharged from the armed forces under 
        honorable conditions, during the one-year period 
        beginning on the date of such discharge; or
            ``(3) if released from active status in a reserve 
        component, during the one-year period beginning on the 
        date of such release.
    ``(c) Retroactive Applicability to Certain Debts.--The 
authority in subsection (a) may be exercised with respect to 
any debt covered by that subsection that is incurred on or 
after October 7, 2001.
    ``(d) Regulations.--This section shall be administered 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The item relating to that 
        section in the table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 953 of such title is amended by striking the 
        penultimate word.
            (3) Termination.--The amendments made by this 
        subsection shall terminate on December 31, 2007. 
        Effective on that date, section 9873 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as in effect on the day before the 
        date of the enactment of this Act shall be revived.

SEC. 684. LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM FOR CHAPLAINS IN THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Loan Repayment Program Authorized.--Chapter 1609 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following new section:

``Sec. 16303. Loan repayment program: chaplains serving in the Selected 
                    Reserve

    ``(a) Authority To Repay Education Loans.--For purposes of 
maintaining adequate numbers of chaplains in the Selected 
Reserve, the Secretary concerned may repay a loan that was 
obtained by a person who--
            ``(1) satisfies the requirements for accessioning 
        and commissioning of chaplains, as prescribed in 
        regulations;
            ``(2) holds, or is fully qualified for, an 
        appointment as a chaplain in a reserve component of an 
        armed force; and
            ``(3) signs a written agreement with the Secretary 
        concerned to serve not less than three years in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    ``(b) Exception for Chaplain Candidate Program.--A person 
accessioned into the Chaplain Candidate Program is not eligible 
for the repayment of a loan under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Loan Repayment Process; Maximum Amount.--(1) Subject 
to paragraph (2), the repayment of a loan under subsection (a) 
may consist of the payment of the principal, interest, and 
related expenses of the loan.
    ``(2) The amount of any repayment of a loan made under 
subsection (a) on behalf of a person may not exceed $20,000 for 
each three year period of obligated service that the person 
agrees to serve in an agreement described in subsection (a)(3). 
Of such amount, not more than an amount equal to 50 percent of 
such amount may be paid before the completion by the person of 
the first year of obligated service pursuant to the agreement. 
The balance of such amount shall be payable at such time or 
times as are prescribed in regulations.
    ``(d) Effect of Failure To Complete Obligation.--If a 
person on whose behalf a loan is repaid under subsection (a) 
fails to commence or complete the period of obligated service 
specified in the agreement described in subsection (a)(3), the 
Secretary concerned may require the person to pay the United 
States an amount equal to the amount of the loan repayments 
made on behalf of the person in connection with the agreement.
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 1609 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new item:

``16303. Loan repayment program: chaplains serving in the Selected 
          Reserve.''.

SEC. 685. INCLUSION OF SENIOR ENLISTED ADVISOR FOR THE CHAIRMAN OF THE 
                    JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF AMONG SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS 
                    OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Basic Pay Rate.--
            (1) Equal treatment.--The rate of basic pay for an 
        enlisted member in the grade E-9 while serving as 
        Senior Enlisted Advisor for the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff shall be the same as the rate of basic 
        pay for an enlisted member in that grade while serving 
        as Sergeant Major of the Army, Master Chief Petty 
        Officer of the Navy, Chief Master Sergeant of the Air 
        Force, Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, or Master 
        Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard, regardless of 
        cumulative years of service computed under section 205 
        of title 37, United States Code.
            (2) Effective date.--Paragraph (1) shall apply 
        beginning on the date on which an enlisted member of 
        the Armed Forces is first appointed to serve as Senior 
        Enlisted Advisor for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff.
    (b) Pay During Terminal Leave or While Hospitalized.--
Section 210(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) The Senior Enlisted Advisor for the Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.''.
    (c) Personal Money Allowance.--Section 414(c) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' after ``Sergeant Major of 
        the Marine Corps,''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``, or the Senior Enlisted Advisor for the 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff''.
    (d) Retired Pay Base.--Section 1406(i)(3)(B) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new clause:
                            ``(vi) Senior Enlisted Advisor for 
                        the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                        Staff.''.

SEC. 686. SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS CONSIDERED FOR SAVED PAY UPON 
                    APPOINTMENT OF MEMBERS AS OFFICERS.

    (a) Inclusion and Exclusion of Certain Pay Types.--
Subsection (d) of section 907 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d)(1) In determining the amount of the pay and 
allowances of a grade formerly held by an officer, the 
following special and incentive pays may be considered only so 
long as the officer continues to perform the duty that creates 
the entitlement to, or eligibility for, that pay and would 
otherwise be eligible to receive that pay in the former grade:
            ``(A) Incentive pay for hazardous duty under 
        section 301 of this title.
            ``(B) Submarine duty incentive pay under section 
        301c of this title.
            ``(C) Special pay for diving duty under section 304 
        of this title.
            ``(D) Hardship duty pay under section 305 of this 
        title.
            ``(E) Career sea pay under section 305a of this 
        title.
            ``(F) Special pay for service as a member of a 
        Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team under 
        section 305b of this title.
            ``(G) Assignment incentive pay under section 307a 
        of this title.
            ``(H) Special pay for duty subject to hostile fire 
        or imminent danger under section 310 of this title.
            ``(I) Special pay or bonus for an extension of duty 
        at a designated overseas location under section 314 of 
        this title.
            ``(J) Foreign language proficiency pay under 
        section 316 of this title.
            ``(K) Critical skill retention bonus under section 
        323 of this title.
    ``(2) The following special and incentive pays are 
dependent on a member being in an enlisted status and may not 
be considered in determining the amount of the pay and 
allowances of a grade formerly held by an officer:
            ``(A) Special duty assignment pay under section 307 
        of this title.
            ``(B) Reenlistment bonus under section 308 of this 
        title.
            ``(C) Enlistment bonus under section 309 of this 
        title.
            ``(D) Career enlisted flyer incentive pay under 
        section 320 of this title.''.
    (b) Stylistic Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``he'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``the officer''; and
                    (B) by striking ``his appointment'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``the 
                appointment''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``he'' and 
        inserting ``the officer''.
    (c) Effective Date.--Subsection (d) of section 907 of title 
37, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), shall 
apply with respect to any acceptance by an enlisted member of 
the Armed Forces of an appointment as an officer made on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 687. REPAYMENT OF UNEARNED PORTION OF BONUSES, SPECIAL PAYS, AND 
                    EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS.

    (a) Repayment of Unearned Portion of Bonuses and Other 
Benefits.--
            (1) Uniform repayment provision.--Section 303a of 
        title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Repayment of Unearned Portion of Bonuses and Other 
Benefits When Conditions of Payment Not Met.--(1) A member of 
the uniformed services who receives a bonus or similar benefit 
and whose receipt of the bonus or similar benefit is subject to 
the condition that the member continue to satisfy certain 
eligibility requirements shall repay to the United States an 
amount equal to the unearned portion of the bonus or similar 
benefit if the member fails to satisfy the requirements, except 
in certain circumstances authorized by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may establish, by 
regulations, procedures for determining the amount of the 
repayment required under this subsection and the circumstances 
under which an exception to the required repayment may be 
granted. The Secretary concerned may specify in the regulations 
the conditions under which an installment payment of a bonus or 
similar benefit to be paid to a member of the uniformed 
services will not be made if the member no longer satisfies the 
eligibility requirements for the bonus or similar benefit. For 
the military departments, this subsection shall be administered 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(3) An obligation to repay the United States under this 
subsection is, for all purposes, a debt owed the United States. 
A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 does not discharge a 
person from such debt if the discharge order is entered less 
than five years after--
            ``(A) the date of the termination of the agreement 
        or contract on which the debt is based; or
            ``(B) in the absence of such an agreement or 
        contract, the date of the termination of the service on 
        which the debt is based.
    ``(4) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `bonus or similar benefit' means a 
        bonus, incentive pay, special pay, or similar payment, 
        or an educational benefit or stipend, paid to a member 
        of the uniformed services under a provision of law that 
        refers to the repayment requirements of this 
        subsection.
            ``(B) The term `service', as used in paragraph 
        (3)(B), refers to an obligation willingly undertaken by 
        a member of the uniformed services, in exchange for a 
        bonus or similar benefit offered by the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Secretary concerned--
                    ``(i) to remain on active duty or in an 
                active status in a reserve component;
                    ``(ii) to perform duty in a specified 
                skill, with or without a specified 
                qualification or credential;
                    ``(iii) to perform duty at a specified 
                location; or
                    ``(iv) to perform duty for a specified 
                period of time.''.
            (2) Applicability to title 11 cases.--In the case 
        of a provision of law amended by subsection (b), (c), 
        or (d) of this section, paragraph (3) of subsection (a) 
        of section 303a of title 37, United States Code, as 
        added by this subsection, shall apply to any case 
        commenced under title 11, United States Code, after 
        March 30, 2006.
    (b) Conforming Amendments to Title 37.--
            (1) Aviation career officer retention bonus.--
        Subsection (g) of section 301b of title 37, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into 
under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (2) Medical officer multiyear retention bonus.--
        Subsection (c) of section 301d of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(c) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into 
under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (3) Dental officer multiyear retention bonus.--
        Subsection (d) of section 301e of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into 
under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (4) Medical officer special pay.--Section 302 of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(2), by striking the 
                second sentence and inserting the following new 
                sentence: ``If such entitlement is terminated, 
                the officer concerned shall be subject to the 
                repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this 
                title.''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (f) and 
                inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period for which the payment was made under subsection (a)(4) 
or subsection (b)(1) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (5) Optometrist retention special pay.--Paragraph 
        (4) of section 302a(b) of such title is amended to read 
        as follows:
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned may terminate at any time the 
eligibility of an officer to receive retention special pay 
under paragraph (1). An officer who does not complete the 
period for which the payment was made under paragraph (1) shall 
be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of 
this title.''.
            (6) Dental officer special pay.--Section 302b of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(2), by striking the 
                second sentence and inserting the following new 
                sentence: ``If such entitlement is terminated, 
                the officer concerned shall be subject to the 
                repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this 
                title.'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (e) and 
                inserting the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period of active duty specified in the agreement referred to in 
subsection (b) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 303a(e) of this title.'';
                    (C) by striking subsection (f); and
                    (D) by redesignating subsections (g) and 
                (h) as subsections (f) and (g), respectively.
            (7) Accession bonus for registered nurses.--
        Subsection (d) of section 302d of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--An officer who does not become and remain 
licensed as a registered nurse during the period for which the 
payment is made, or who does not complete the period of active 
duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection 
(a), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of this title.''.
            (8) Nurse anesthetist special pay.--Section 302e of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking the last 
                sentence and inserting the following new 
                sentence: ``If such entitlement is terminated, 
                the officer concerned shall be subject to the 
                repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this 
                title.''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (e) and 
                inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into 
under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (9) Reserve, recalled, or retained health care 
        officers special pay.--Section 302f(c) of such title is 
        amended by striking ``refund'' and inserting ``repay in 
        the manner provided in section 303a(e) of this title''.
            (10) Selected reserve health care professionals in 
        critically short wartime specialties special pay.--
        Section 302g of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsections (d) and (e);
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the 
                following new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Repayment.--An officer who does not complete the 
period of service in the Selected Reserve specified in the 
agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to 
the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''; 
and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (f), as 
                amended by section 622(e), as subsection (e).
            (11) Accession bonus for dental officers.--
        Subsection (d) of section 302h of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--A person who, after signing an agreement 
under subsection (a), is not commissioned as an officer of the 
armed forces, does not become licensed as a dentist, or does 
not complete the period of active duty specified in the 
agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (12) Accession bonus for pharmacy officers.--
        Subsection (e) of section 302j of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(e) Repayment.--A person who, after signing an agreement 
under subsection (a), is not commissioned as an officer of the 
armed forces, does not become and remain certified or licensed 
as a pharmacist, or does not complete the period of active duty 
specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (13) Assignment incentive pay.--Subsection (d) of 
        section 307a of such title, as added by section 628(c), 
        is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--A member who enters into an agreement 
under this section and receives incentive pay under the 
agreement in a lump sum or installments, but who fails to 
complete the period of service covered by the payment, whether 
voluntarily or because of misconduct, shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (14) Reenlistment bonus for active members.--
        Subsection (d) of section 308 of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(d) A member who does not complete the term of enlistment 
for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, or 
a member who is not technically qualified in the skill for 
which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, shall 
be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of 
this title.''.
            (15) Reenlistment bonus for selected reserve.--
        Subsection (d) of section 308b of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--A member who does not complete the term 
of enlistment in the element of the Selected Reserve for which 
the bonus was paid to the member under this section shall be 
subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this 
title.''.
            (16) Selected reserve affiliation or enlistment 
        bonus.--Section 308c of such title, as amended by 
        section 631, is further amended by striking subsection 
        (g) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Repayment.--A person who enters into an agreement 
under subsection (a) or (c) and receives all or part of the 
bonus under the agreement, but who does not commence to serve 
in the Selected Reserve or does not satisfactorily participate 
in the Selected Reserve for the total period of service 
specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (17) Ready reserve enlistment bonus.--Section 308g 
        of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d) and 
                inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(d) A person who does not serve satisfactorily in the 
element of the Ready Reserve in the combat or combat support 
skill for the period for which the bonus was paid under this 
section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of this title.'';
                    (B) by striking subsections (e) and (f); 
                and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (g) and 
                (h), as amended by section 621(c), as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (18) Ready reserve reenlistment, enlistment, and 
        voluntary extension of enlistment bonus.--Section 308h 
        of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c) and 
                inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Repayment.--A person who does not complete the period 
of enlistment or extension of enlistment for which the bonus 
was paid under this section shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.'';
                    (B) by striking subsections (d) and (e); 
                and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (f) and 
                (g), as amended by section 621(d), as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively.
            (19) Prior service enlistment bonus.--Subsection 
        (d) of section 308i of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--A person who receives a bonus payment 
under this section and who, during the period for which the 
bonus was paid, does not serve satisfactorily in the element of 
the Selected Reserve with respect to which the bonus was paid 
shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) 
of this title.''.
            (20) Enlistment bonus.--Subsection (b) of section 
        309 of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Repayment.--A member who does not complete the term 
of enlistment for which a bonus was paid to the member under 
this section, or a member who is not technically qualified in 
the skill for which a bonus was paid to the member under this 
section, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (21) Special pay for nuclear-qualified officers 
        extending active duty.--Subsection (b) of section 312 
        of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) An officer who does not complete the period of active 
duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and 
maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants that the officer 
agreed to serve, and for which a payment was made under 
subsection (a) or subsection (d)(1), shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (22) Nuclear career accession bonus.--Paragraph (2) 
        of section 312b(a) of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(2) An officer who does not commence or complete 
satisfactorily the nuclear power training specified in the 
agreement under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (23) Enlisted members extending duty at designated 
        locations overseas.--Subsection (d) of section 314 of 
        such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--A member who, having entered into a 
written agreement to extend a tour of duty for a period under 
subsection (a), receives a bonus payment under subsection 
(b)(2) for a 12-month period covered by the agreement and 
ceases during that 12-month period to perform the agreed tour 
of duty shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of this title.''.
            (24) Engineering and scientific career continuation 
        pay.--Subsection (c) of section 315 of such title is 
        amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) An officer who, having entered into a written 
agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part 
of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of 
active duty as specified in the agreement shall be subject to 
the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (25) Foreign language proficiency pay.--Subsection 
        (e) of section 316 of such title, as added by section 
        639(c), is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Repayment.--A member who receives a bonus under this 
section, but who does not satisfy an eligibility requirement 
specified in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) 
for the entire certification period, shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (26) Critical acquisition positions.--Subsection 
        (f) of section 317 of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(f) Repayment.--An officer who, having entered into a 
written agreement under subsection (a) and having received all 
or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the 
period of active duty as specified in the agreement shall be 
subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this 
title.''.
            (27) Special warfare officers extending period of 
        active duty.--Subsection (h) of section 318 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Repayment.--An officer who, having entered into a 
written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all 
or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the 
period of active duty in special warfare service as specified 
in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions 
of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (28) Surface warfare officers extending period of 
        active duty.--Subsection (f) of section 319 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Repayment.--An officer who, having entered into a 
written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all 
or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the 
period of active duty as a department head on a surface vessel 
as specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (29) Judge advocate continuation pay.--Subsection 
        (f) of section 321 of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(f) Repayment.--An officer who has entered into a written 
agreement under subsection (b) and has received all or part of 
the amount payable under the agreement but who does not 
complete the total period of active duty specified in the 
agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (30) 15-year career status bonus.--Subsection (f) 
        of section 322 of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(f) Repayment.--If a person paid a bonus under this 
section does not complete a period of active duty beginning on 
the date on which the election of the person under paragraph 
(1) of subsection (a) is received and ending on the date on 
which the person completes 20 years of active duty service as 
described in paragraph (2) of such subsection, the person shall 
be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of 
this title.''.
            (31) Critical military skills retention bonus.--
        Subsection (g) of section 323 of such title, as amended 
        by section 640(e), is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Repayment.--A member paid a bonus under this section 
who fails, during the period of service covered by the member's 
agreement, reenlistment, or voluntary extension of enlistment 
under subsection (a), to remain qualified in the critical 
military skill or to satisfy the other eligibility criteria for 
which the bonus was paid shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (32) Accession bonus for new officers in critical 
        skills.--Subsection (f) of section 324 of such title is 
        amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Repayment.--An individual who, having received all or 
part of the bonus under an agreement referred to in subsection 
(a), is not thereafter commissioned as an officer or does not 
commence or complete the total period of active duty service 
specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (33) Savings plan for education expenses and other 
        contingencies.--Subsection (g) of section 325 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Repayment.--If a person does not complete the 
qualifying service for which the person is obligated under a 
commitment for which a benefit has been paid under this 
section, the person shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of this title.''.
            (34) Incentive bonus for conversion to military 
        occupational specialty.--Subsection (e) of section 326 
        of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Repayment.--A member who does not convert to and 
complete the period of service in the military occupational 
specialty specified in the agreement executed under subsection 
(a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of this title.''.
            (35) Transfer between armed forces incentive 
        bonus.--Section 327 of such title, as added by section 
        641, is amended by striking subsection (f) and 
        inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Repayment.--A member who is paid a bonus under an 
agreement under this section and who, voluntarily or because of 
misconduct, fails to serve for the period covered by such 
agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 303a(e) of this title.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments to Title 10.--
            (1) Enlistment incentives for pursuit of skills to 
        facilitate national service.--Subsection (i) of section 
        510 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read 
        as follows:
    ``(i) Repayment.--If a National Call to Service participant 
who has entered into an agreement under subsection (b) and 
received or benefitted from an incentive under paragraph (1) or 
(2) of subsection (e) fails to complete the total period of 
service specified in the agreement, the National Call to 
Service participant shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (2) Advanced education assistance.--Section 2005 of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking 
                paragraph (3) and inserting the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) that if such person does not complete the 
        period of active duty specified in the agreement, or 
        does not fulfill any term or condition prescribed 
        pursuant to paragraph (4), such person shall be subject 
        to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of title 
        37; and'';
                    (B) by striking subsections (c), (d), (f), 
                (g) and (h);
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (e) as 
                subsection (d); and
                    (D) by inserting after subsection (b), the 
                following new subsection:
    ``(c) As a condition of the Secretary concerned providing 
financial assistance under section 2107 or 2107a of this title 
to any person, the Secretary concerned shall require that the 
person enter into the agreement described in subsection (a). In 
addition to the requirements of paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
such subsection, the agreement shall specify that, if the 
person does not complete the education requirements specified 
in the agreement or does not fulfill any term or condition 
prescribed pursuant to paragraph (4) of such subsection, the 
person shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of title 37 without the Secretary first ordering such 
person to active duty as provided for under subsection (a)(2) 
and sections 2107(f) and 2107a(f) of this title.''.
            (3) Tuition for off-duty training or education.--
        Section 2007 of such title is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) If an officer who enters into an agreement under 
subsection (b) does not complete the period of active duty 
specified in the agreement, the officer shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (4) Failure to complete advanced training or to 
        accept commission.--Section 2105 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``If the member does not complete the period 
        of active duty prescribed by the Secretary concerned, 
        the member shall be subject to the repayment provisions 
        of section 303a(e) of title 37''.
            (5) Health professions scholarship and financial 
        assistance program for active service.--Section 
        2123(e)(1)(C) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``equal to'' and all that follows through the period at 
        the end and inserting ``pursuant to the repayment 
        provisions of section 303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (6) Financial assistance for nurse officer 
        candidates.--Subsection (d) of section 2130a of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Repayment.--A person who does not complete a nursing 
degree program in which the person is enrolled in accordance 
with the agreement entered into under subsection (a), or having 
completed the nursing degree program, does not become an 
officer in the Nurse Corps of the Army or the Navy or an 
officer designated as a nurse officer of the Air Force or 
commissioned corps of the Public Health Service or does not 
complete the period of obligated active service required under 
the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of 
section 303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (7) Education loan repayment program.--Subsection 
        (g) of section 2173 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A 
                commissioned officer''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) An officer who does not complete the period of active 
duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection 
(b)(3), or the alternative obligation imposed under paragraph 
(1), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (8) Scholarship program for degree program for 
        degree or certification in information assurance.--
        Section 2200a of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e) and 
                inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Repayment for Period of Unserved Obligated Service.--
(1) A member of an armed force who does not complete the period 
of active duty specified in the service agreement under section 
(b) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of title 37.
    ``(2) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense who 
voluntarily terminates service before the end of the period of 
obligated service required under an agreement entered into 
under subsection (b) shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 303a(e) of title 37 in the same manner 
and to the same extent as if the civilian employee were a 
member of the armed forces.''.
                    (B) by striking subsection (f); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (g) as 
                subsection (f).
            (9) Army cadet agreement to serve as officer.--
        Section 4348 of such title is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) A cadet or former cadet who does not fulfill the 
terms of the agreement as specified under section (a), or the 
alternative obligation imposed under subsection (b), shall be 
subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of title 
37.''.
            (10) Midshipmen agreement for length of service.--
        Section 6959 of such title is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) A midshipman or former midshipman who does not 
fulfill the terms of the agreement as specified under section 
(a), or the alternative obligation imposed under subsection 
(b), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (11) Air force cadet agreement to serve as 
        officer.--Section 9348 of such title is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) A cadet or former cadet who does not fulfill the 
terms of the agreement as specified under section (a), or the 
alternative obligation imposed under subsection (b), shall be 
subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of title 
37.''.
            (12) Educational assistance for members of selected 
        reserve.--Section 16135 of such title is amended to 
        read as follows:

``Sec. 16135. Failure to participate satisfactorily; penalties

    ``(a) Penalties.--At the option of the Secretary concerned, 
a member of the Selected Reserve of an armed force who does not 
participate satisfactorily in required training as a member of 
the Selected Reserve during a term of enlistment or other 
period of obligated service that created entitlement of the 
member to educational assistance under this chapter, and during 
which the member has received such assistance, may--
            ``(1) be ordered to active duty for a period of two 
        years or the period of obligated service the person has 
        remaining under section 16132 of this title, whichever 
        is less; or
            ``(2) be subject to the repayment provisions under 
        section 303a(e) of title 37.
    ``(b) Effect of Repayment.--Any repayment under section 
303a(e) of title 37 shall not affect the period of obligation 
of a member to serve as a Reserve in the Selected Reserve.''.
            (13) Health professions stipend program penalties 
        and limitations.--Subparagraph (B) of section 
        16203(a)(1) of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
            ``(B) to comply with the repayment provisions of 
        section 303a(e) of title 37.''.
            (14) Loan repayment program for chaplains serving 
        in selected reserve.--Section 16303 of such title, as 
        added by section 684, is amended by striking subsection 
        (d) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Effect of Failure To Complete Obligation.--A person 
on whose behalf a loan is repaid under subsection (a) who fails 
to commence or complete the period of obligated service 
specified in the agreement described in subsection (a)(3) shall 
be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of 
title 37.''.
            (15) College tuition assistance program for marine 
        corps platoon leaders class.--Subsection (f) of section 
        16401 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``may be 
                required to repay the full amount of financial 
                assistance'' and inserting ``shall be subject 
                to the repayment provisions of section 303a(e) 
                of title 37''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting before 
                ``The Secretary of the Navy'' the following new 
                sentence: ``Any requirement to repay any 
                portion of financial assistance received under 
                this section shall be administered under the 
                regulations issued under section 303a(e) of 
                title 37.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendment to Title 14.--Section 182 of title 
14, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(g) A cadet or former cadet who does not fulfill the 
terms of the obligation to serve as specified under section 
(b), or the alternative obligation imposed under subsection 
(c), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 
303a(e) of title 37.''.
    (e) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 303a 
        of title 37, United States Code, is amended to read as 
        follows:

``Sec. 303a. Special pay: general provisions''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 303a and 
        inserting the following new item:

``303a. Special pay: general provisions.''.

    (f) Continued Application of Current Law to Existing 
Bonuses.--In the case of any bonus, incentive pay, special pay, 
or similar payment, such as education assistance or a stipend, 
which the United States became obligated to pay before April 1, 
2006, under a provision of law amended by subsection (b), (c), 
or (d) of this section, such provision of law, as in effect on 
the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall 
continue to apply to the payment, or any repayment, of the 
bonus, incentive pay, special pay, or similar payment under 
such provision of law.

SEC. 688. RIGHTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS 
                    UNDER HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1968.

    (a) Written Notice of Rights.--Section 106(c)(5)(A)(ii) of 
the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 
1701x(c)(5)(A)(ii)) is amended--
            (1) in subclause (II), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subclause (III), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subclause:
                                    ``(IV) notify the homeowner 
                                by a statement or notice, 
                                written in plain English by the 
                                Secretary of Housing and Urban 
                                Development, in consultation 
                                with the Secretary of Defense 
                                and the Secretary of the 
                                Treasury, explaining the 
                                mortgage and foreclosure rights 
                                of servicemembers, and the 
                                dependents of such 
                                servicemembers, under the 
                                Servicemembers Civil Relief Act 
                                (50 U.S.C. App. 501 et seq.), 
                                including the toll-free 
                                military one source number to 
                                call if servicemembers, or the 
                                dependents of such 
                                servicemembers, require further 
                                assistance.''.
    (b) No Effect on Other Laws.--Nothing in this section shall 
relieve any person of any obligation imposed by any other 
Federal, State, or local law.
    (c) Disclosure Form.--Not later than 150 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and 
Urban Development shall issue a final disclosure form to 
fulfill the requirement of subclause (IV) of section 
106(c)(5)(A)(ii) of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 
1968, as added by subsection (a).
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made under subsection 
(a) shall take effect 150 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.

SEC. 689. EXTENSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR SSI FOR CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS IN 
                    FAMILIES THAT INCLUDE MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE AND 
                    NATIONAL GUARD.

    Section 1631(j)(1)(B) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
1383(j)(1)(B)) is amended by inserting ``(or 24 consecutive 
months, in the case of such an individual whose ineligibility 
for benefits under or pursuant to both such sections is a 
result of being called to active duty pursuant to section 
12301(d) or 12302 of title 10, United States Code, or section 
502(f) of title 32, United States Code)'' after ``for a period 
of 12 consecutive months''.

SEC. 690. INFORMATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR 
                    DEPENDENTS ON RIGHTS AND PROTECTIONS OF THE 
                    SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) Outreach to Members.--The Secretary concerned shall 
provide to each member of the Armed Forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary pertinent information on the 
rights and protections available to members and their 
dependents under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
App. 501 et seq.).
    (b) Time of Provision.--The information required to be 
provided under subsection (a) to a member shall be provided at 
the following times:
            (1) During the initial orientation training of the 
        member.
            (2) In the case of a member of a reserve component, 
        during the initial orientation training of the member 
        and when the member is mobilized or otherwise 
        individually called or ordered to active duty for a 
        period of more than one year.
            (3) At such other times as the Secretary concerned 
        considers appropriate.
    (c) Outreach to Dependents.--The Secretary concerned may 
provide to the adult dependents of members under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary pertinent information on the 
rights and protections available to members and their 
dependents under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``dependent'' 
and ``Secretary concerned'' have the meanings given such terms 
in section 101 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
U.S.C. App. 511).

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Improvements to Health Benefits for Reserves

Sec. 701.  Enhancement of TRICARE Reserve Select program.
Sec. 702.  Expanded eligibility of members of the Selected Reserve under 
          the TRICARE program.

                Subtitle B--TRICARE Program Improvements

Sec. 711.  Additional information required by surveys on TRICARE 
          Standard.
Sec. 712.  Availability of chiropractic health care services.
Sec. 713.  Surviving-dependent eligibility under TRICARE dental plan for 
          surviving spouses who were on active duty at time of death of 
          military spouse.
Sec. 714.  Exceptional eligibility for TRICARE Prime Remote.
Sec. 715.  Increased period of continued TRICARE Prime coverage of 
          children of members of the uniformed services who die while 
          serving on active duty for a period of more than 30 days.
Sec. 716.  TRICARE Standard in TRICARE Regional Offices.
Sec. 717.  Qualifications for individuals serving as TRICARE Regional 
          Directors.

              Subtitle C--Mental Health-Related Provisions

Sec. 721.  Program for mental health awareness for dependents and pilot 
          project on post traumatic stress disorder.
Sec. 722.  Pilot projects on early diagnosis and treatment of post 
          traumatic stress disorder and other mental health conditions.
Sec. 723.  Department of Defense task force on mental health.

                     Subtitle D--Studies and Reports

Sec. 731.  Study relating to predeployment and postdeployment medical 
          exams of certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 732.  Requirements for physical examinations and medical and dental 
          readiness for members of the Selected Reserve not on active 
          duty.
Sec. 733.  Report on delivery of health care benefits through the 
          military health care system.
Sec. 734.  Comptroller General studies and report on differential 
          payments to children's hospitals for health care for children 
          dependents and maximum allowable charge for obstetrical care 
          services under TRICARE.
Sec. 735.  Report on the Department of Defense AHLTA global electronic 
          health record system.
Sec. 736.  Comptroller General study and report on Vaccine Healthcare 
          Centers.
Sec. 737.  Report on adverse health events associated with use of anti-
          malarial drugs.
Sec. 738.  Report on Reserve dental insurance program.
Sec. 739. Demonstration project study on Medicare Advantage regional 
          preferred provider organization option for TRICARE-medicare 
          dual-eligible beneficiaries.
Sec. 740.  Pilot projects on pediatric early literacy among children of 
          members of the Armed Forces.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 741.  Authority to relocate patient safety center; renaming 
          MedTeams Program.
Sec. 742.  Modification of health care quality information and 
          technology enhancement reporting requirement.
Sec. 743.  Correction to eligibility of certain Reserve officers for 
          military health care pending active duty following 
          commissioning.
Sec. 744.  Prohibition on conversions of military medical and dental 
          positions to civilian medical positions until submission of 
          certification.
Sec. 745.  Clarification of inclusion of dental care in medical 
          readiness tracking and health surveillance program.
Sec. 746.  Cooperative outreach to members and former members of the 
          naval service exposed to environmental factors related to 
          sarcoidosis.
Sec. 747.  Repeal of requirement for Comptroller General reviews of 
          certain Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
          projects on sharing of health care resources.
Sec. 748.  Pandemic avian flu preparedness.
Sec. 749.  Follow up assistance for members of the Armed Forces after 
          preseparation physical examinations.
Sec. 750. Policy on role of military medical and behavioral science 
          personnel in interrogation of detainees.

        Subtitle A--Improvements to Health Benefits for Reserves

SEC. 701. ENHANCEMENT OF TRICARE RESERVE SELECT PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Coverage for Members Recalled to Active 
Duty.--Section 1076d of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by redesignating paragraph 
        (3) as paragraph (4) and by inserting after paragraph 
        (2) the following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) In the case of a member recalled to active duty 
before the period of coverage for which the member is eligible 
under subsection (a) terminates, the period of coverage of the 
member--
            ``(A) resumes after the member completes the 
        subsequent active duty service (subject to any 
        additional entitlement to care and benefits under 
        section 1145(a) of this title that is based on the same 
        subsequent active duty service); and
            ``(B) increases by any additional period of 
        coverage for which the member is eligible under 
        subsection (a) based on the subsequent active duty 
        service.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Unless 
        earlier terminated under paragraph (3)'' and inserting 
        ``Subject to paragraph (3) and unless earlier 
        terminated under paragraph (4)''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `member recalled to active duty' 
        means, with respect to a member who is eligible for 
        coverage under this section based on a period of active 
        duty service, a member who is called or ordered to 
        active duty for an additional period of active duty 
        subsequent to the period of active duty on which that 
        eligibility is based.''.
    (b) Special Rule for Mobilized Members of Individual Ready 
Reserve Finding No Position in Selected Reserve.--Section 1076d 
of such title is amended by adding at the end of subsection (b) 
(as amended by this section) the following new paragraph:
    ``(5) In the case of a member of the Individual Ready 
Reserve who is unable to find a position in the Selected 
Reserve and who meets the requirements for eligibility for 
health benefits under TRICARE Standard under subsection (a) 
except for membership in the Selected Reserve, the period of 
coverage under this section may begin not later than one year 
after coverage would otherwise begin under this section had the 
member been a member of the Selected Reserve, if the member 
finds a position in the Selected Reserve during that one-year 
period.''.
    (c) Eligibility of Family Members for 6 Months Following 
Death of Member.--Section 1076d(c) of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``If a member of a reserve 
component dies while in a period of coverage under this 
section, the eligibility of the members of the immediate family 
of such member for TRICARE Standard coverage shall continue for 
six months beyond the date of death of the member.''.
    (d) Extension of Time for Entering Into Agreement.--Section 
1076d(a)(2) of such title is amended by striking ``on or before 
the date of the release'' and inserting ``not later than 90 
days after release''.
    (e) Revision of TRICARE Standard Definition.--Subsection 
(f)(2) of section 1076d of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Standard' means--
                    ``(A) medical care to which a dependent 
                described in section 1076(a)(2) of this title 
                is entitled; and
                    ``(B) health benefits contracted for under 
                the authority of section 1079(a) of this title 
                and subject to the same rates and conditions as 
                apply to persons covered under that section.''.
    (f) Revision of Section Heading.--
            (1) Amendment.--The heading for section 1076d of 
        such title is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 1076d. TRICARE program: coverage for members of reserve 
                    components who commit to continued service in the 
                    Selected Reserve after release from active duty in 
                    support of a contingency operation''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The item relating to 
        section 1076d in the table of sections relating to 
        chapter 55 of such title is amended to read as follows:

``1076d. TRICARE program: coverage for members of reserve components who 
          commit to continued service in the Selected Reserve after 
          release from active duty in support of a contingency 
          operation.''.

SEC. 702. EXPANDED ELIGIBILITY OF MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE UNDER 
                    THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Expanded Eligibility.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1076b of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 1076b. TRICARE program: TRICARE Standard coverage for members of 
                    the Selected Reserve

    ``(a) Eligibility.--Each member of the Selected Reserve of 
the Ready Reserve who is committed to serving in the Selected 
Reserve as described in subsection (c)(3) is eligible, subject 
to subsection (h), to enroll in TRICARE Standard and receive 
benefits under such enrollment for any period that the member--
            ``(1) is an eligible unemployment compensation 
        recipient;
            ``(2) subject to subsection (i), is not eligible 
        for health care benefits under an employer-sponsored 
        health benefits plan; or
            ``(3) is not eligible under paragraph (1) or (2) 
        and is not eligible under section 1076d of this title.
    ``(b) Types of Coverage.--(1) A member eligible under 
subsection (a) may enroll for either of the following types of 
coverage:
            ``(A) Self alone coverage.
            ``(B) Self and family coverage.
    ``(2) An enrollment by a member for self and family covers 
the member and the dependents of the member who are described 
in subparagraph (A), (D), or (I) of section 1072(2) of this 
title.
    ``(c) Enrollment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for at least one open enrollment period each year. 
During an open enrollment period or at such other time as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, a member eligible under 
subsection (a) may enroll in TRICARE Standard or change or 
terminate an enrollment in TRICARE Standard.
    ``(2) An enrollment in TRICARE Standard of a member 
eligible under subsection (a) shall be effective for one year 
only, and may be renewed by the member during the open 
enrollment period provided under paragraph (1) or at such other 
time as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    ``(3) A member eligible under subsection (a) may not enroll 
or renew an enrollment in TRICARE Standard under this section 
unless the member is committed to a period of obligated service 
in the Selected Reserve that extends through the enrollment 
period.
    ``(d) Scope of Care.--(1) A member and the dependents of a 
member enrolled in TRICARE Standard under this section shall be 
entitled to the same benefits under this chapter as a member of 
the uniformed services on active duty or a dependent of such a 
member, respectively, is entitled to under TRICARE Standard.
    ``(2) Section 1074(c) of this title shall apply with 
respect to a member enrolled in TRICARE Standard under this 
section.
    ``(e) Premiums.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall charge 
premiums for coverage pursuant to enrollments under this 
section. The Secretary shall prescribe for each of the TRICARE 
Standard program options a premium for self alone coverage and 
a premium for self and family coverage.
    ``(2) The monthly amount of the premium in effect for a 
month for a type of coverage under this section shall be as 
follows:
            ``(A) For members eligible under paragraph (1) or 
        (2) of subsection (a), the amount equal to 50 percent 
        of the total amount determined by the Secretary on an 
        appropriate actuarial basis as being reasonable for the 
        coverage.
            ``(B) For members eligible under paragraph (3) of 
        subsection (a), the amount equal to 85 percent of the 
        total amount determined by the Secretary on an 
        appropriate actuarial basis as being reasonable for the 
        coverage.
    ``(3) In determining the amount of a premium under 
paragraph (2), the Secretary shall use the same actuarial basis 
as used under section 1076d of this title for determining the 
amount of premiums under that section.
    ``(4) The premiums payable by a member under this 
subsection may be deducted and withheld from basic pay payable 
to the member under section 204 of title 37 or from 
compensation payable to the member under section 206 of such 
title. The Secretary shall prescribe the requirements and 
procedures applicable to the payment of premiums by members.
    ``(5) Amounts collected as premiums under this subsection 
shall be credited to the appropriation available for the 
Defense Health Program Account under section 1100 of this 
title, shall be merged with sums in such Account that are 
available for the fiscal year in which collected, and shall be 
available under subsection (b) of such section for such fiscal 
year.
    ``(f) Other Charges.--A person who receives health care 
pursuant to an enrollment in TRICARE Standard under this 
section, including a member who receives such health care, 
shall be subject to the same deductibles, copayments, and other 
nonpremium charges for health care as apply under this chapter 
for health care provided under TRICARE Standard to dependents 
described in subparagraph (A), (D), or (I) of section 1072(2) 
of this title.
    ``(g) Termination of Enrollment.--(1) A member enrolled in 
TRICARE Standard under this section may terminate the 
enrollment only during an open enrollment period provided under 
subsection (c).
    ``(2) An enrollment of a member for self alone or for self 
and family under this section shall terminate on the first day 
of the first month beginning after the date on which the member 
ceases to be eligible under subsection (a).
    ``(3) The enrollment of a member under this section may be 
terminated on the basis of failure to pay the premium charged 
the member under this section.
    ``(h) Relationship to Transition TRICARE Coverage Upon 
Separation From Active Duty.--A member is not eligible for 
TRICARE Standard under this section while entitled to 
transitional health care under subsection (a) of section 1145 
of this title or while authorized to receive health care under 
subsection (c) of such section.
    ``(i) Noncoverage by Other Health Benefits Plan.--(1) For 
purposes of subsection (a)(2), a person shall be considered to 
be not eligible for health care benefits under an employer-
sponsored health benefits plan only if the person--
            ``(A) is employed by an employer that does not 
        offer a health benefits plan to anyone working for the 
        employer;
            ``(B) is in a category of employees to which the 
        person's employer does not offer a health benefits 
        plan, if such category is designated by the employer 
        based on hours, duties, employment agreement, or such 
        other characteristic, other than membership in the 
        Selected Reserve, as the regulations administering this 
        section prescribe (such as part-time employees); or
            ``(C) is self-employed.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may require a member to 
submit any certification that the Secretary considers 
appropriate to substantiate the member's assertion that the 
member is not eligible for health care benefits under an 
employer-sponsored health benefits plan.
    ``(j) Eligible Unemployment Compensation Recipient 
Defined.--In this section, the term `eligible unemployment 
compensation recipient' means, with respect to any month, any 
individual who is determined eligible for any day of such month 
for unemployment compensation under State law (as defined in 
section 205(9) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment 
Compensation Act of 1970), including Federal unemployment 
compensation laws administered through the State.
    ``(k) TRICARE Standard Defined.--In this section, the term 
`TRICARE Standard' has the meaning provided by section 1076d(f) 
of this title.
    ``(l) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the other administering Secretaries, shall 
prescribe regulations for the administration of this 
section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 1076b and inserting the following:

``1076b. TRICARE program: TRICARE Standard coverage for members of the 
          Selected Reserve.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that health care under TRICARE Standard is provided under 
section 1076b of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
this section, beginning not later than October 1, 2006.

                Subtitle B--TRICARE Program Improvements

SEC. 711. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REQUIRED BY SURVEYS ON TRICARE 
                    STANDARD.

    Section 723(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1532; 10 
U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
    ``(4) Surveys required by paragraph (1) shall include 
questions seeking to determine from health care providers the 
following:
            ``(A) Whether the provider is aware of the TRICARE 
        program.
            ``(B) What percentage of the provider's current 
        patient population uses any form of TRICARE.
            ``(C) Whether the provider accepts patients for 
        whom payment is made under the medicare program for 
        health care services.
            ``(D) If the provider accepts patients referred to 
        in subparagraph (C), whether the provider would accept 
        additional such patients who are not in the provider's 
        current patient population.''.

SEC. 712. AVAILABILITY OF CHIROPRACTIC HEALTH CARE SERVICES.

    (a) Availability of Chiropractic Health Care Services.--The 
Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that chiropractic 
health care services are available at all medical treatment 
facilities listed in table 5 of the report to Congress dated 
August 16, 2001, titled ``Chiropractic Health Care 
Implementation Plan''. If the Secretary determines that it is 
not necessary or feasible to provide chiropractic health care 
services at any such facility, the Secretary shall provide such 
services at an alternative site for each such facility.
    (b) Implementation and Report.--Not later than September 
30, 2006, the Secretary of the Air Force shall--
            (1) implement subsection (a); and
            (2) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
        the availability of chiropractic health care services 
        as required under subsection (a), including information 
        on alternative sites at which such services have been 
        made available.

SEC. 713. SURVIVING-DEPENDENT ELIGIBILITY UNDER TRICARE DENTAL PLAN FOR 
                    SURVIVING SPOUSES WHO WERE ON ACTIVE DUTY AT TIME 
                    OF DEATH OF MILITARY SPOUSE.

    Section 1076a(k) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(k) Eligible Dependent Defined.--(1) In this section, the 
term `eligible dependent' means a dependent described in 
subparagraph (A), (D), or (I) of section 1072(2) of this title.
    ``(2) Such term includes any such dependent of a member who 
dies while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days or 
a member of the Ready Reserve if, on the date of the death of 
the member, the dependent--
            ``(A) is enrolled in a dental benefits plan 
        established under subsection (a); or
            ``(B) if not enrolled in such a plan on such date--
                    ``(i) is not enrolled by reason of a 
                discontinuance of a former enrollment under 
                subsection (f); or
                    ``(ii) is not qualified for such enrollment 
                because--
                            ``(I) the dependent is a child 
                        under the minimum age for such 
                        enrollment; or
                            ``(II) the dependent is a spouse 
                        who is a member of the armed forces on 
                        active duty for a period of more than 
                        30 days.
    ``(3) Such term does not include a dependent by reason of 
paragraph (2) after the end of the three-year period beginning 
on the date of the member's death.''.

SEC. 714. EXCEPTIONAL ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE PRIME REMOTE.

    Section 1079(p) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense may provide for coverage of 
a dependent referred to in subsection (a) who is not described 
in paragraph (3) if the Secretary determines that exceptional 
circumstances warrant such coverage.''.

SEC. 715. INCREASED PERIOD OF CONTINUED TRICARE PRIME COVERAGE OF 
                    CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES WHO 
                    DIE WHILE SERVING ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR A PERIOD OF 
                    MORE THAN 30 DAYS.

    (a) Period of Eligibility.--Section 1079(g) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)'';
            (2) by striking the second sentence; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) In addition to any continuation of eligibility for 
benefits under paragraph (1), when a member dies while on 
active duty for a period of more than 30 days, the member's 
dependents who are receiving benefits under a plan covered by 
subsection (a) shall continue to be eligible for benefits under 
TRICARE Prime during the three-year period beginning on the 
date of the member's death, except that, in the case of such a 
dependent of the deceased who is described by subparagraph (D) 
or (I) of section 1072(2) of this title, the period of 
continued eligibility shall be the longer of the following 
periods beginning on such date:
            ``(A) Three years.
            ``(B) The period ending on the date on which such 
        dependent attains 21 years of age.
            ``(C) In the case of such a dependent who, at 21 
        years of age, is enrolled in a full-time course of 
        study in a secondary school or in a full-time course of 
        study in an institution of higher education approved by 
        the administering Secretary and was, at the time of the 
        member's death, in fact dependent on the member for 
        over one-half of such dependent's support, the period 
        ending on the earlier of the following dates:
                    ``(i) The date on which such dependent 
                ceases to pursue such a course of study, as 
                determined by the administering Secretary.
                    ``(ii) The date on which such dependent 
                attains 23 years of age.
    ``(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(C), a dependent 
shall be treated as being enrolled in a full-time course of 
study in an institution of higher education during any 
reasonable period of transition between the dependent's 
completion of a full-time course of study in a secondary school 
and the commencement of an enrollment in a full-time course of 
study in an institution of higher education, as determined by 
the administering Secretary.
    ``(4) The terms and conditions under which health benefits 
are provided under this chapter to a dependent of a deceased 
member under paragraph (2) shall be the same as those that 
would apply to the dependent under this chapter if the member 
were living and serving on active duty for a period of more 
than 30 days.
    ``(5) In this subsection, the term `TRICARE Prime' means 
the managed care option of the TRICARE program.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on October 7, 2001, and shall apply with 
respect to deaths occurring on or after that date.

SEC. 716. TRICARE STANDARD IN TRICARE REGIONAL OFFICES.

    (a) Responsibilities of TRICARE Regional Office.--The 
responsibilities of each TRICARE Regional Office shall include 
the monitoring, oversight, and improvement of the TRICARE 
Standard option in the TRICARE region concerned, including--
            (1) identifying health care providers who will 
        participate in the TRICARE program and provide the 
        TRICARE Standard option under that program;
            (2) communicating with beneficiaries who receive 
        the TRICARE Standard option;
            (3) outreach to community health care providers to 
        encourage their participation in the TRICARE program; 
        and
            (4) publication of information that identifies 
        health care providers in the TRICARE region concerned 
        who provide the TRICARE Standard option.
    (b) Annual Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
an annual report to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives on the monitoring, 
oversight, and improvement of TRICARE Standard activities of 
each TRICARE Regional Office. The report shall include--
            (1) a description of the activities of the TRICARE 
        Regional Office to monitor, oversee, and improve the 
        TRICARE Standard option;
            (2) an assessment of the participation of eligible 
        health care providers in TRICARE Standard in each 
        TRICARE region; and
            (3) a description of any problems or challenges 
        that have been identified by both providers and 
        beneficiaries with respect to use of the TRICARE 
        Standard option and the actions undertaken to address 
        such problems or challenges.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
Standard'' or ``TRICARE standard option'' means the Civilian 
Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services option 
under the TRICARE program.

SEC. 717. QUALIFICATIONS FOR INDIVIDUALS SERVING AS TRICARE REGIONAL 
                    DIRECTORS.

    (a) Qualifications.--Effective as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act, no individual may be selected to serve 
in the position of Regional Director under the TRICARE program 
unless the individual--
            (1) is--
                    (A) an officer of the Armed Forces in a 
                general or flag officer grade;
                    (B) a civilian employee of the Department 
                of Defense in the Senior Executive Service; or
                    (C) a civilian employee of the Federal 
                Government in a department or agency other than 
                the Department of Defense, or a civilian 
                working in the private sector, who has 
                experience in a position comparable to an 
                officer described in subparagraph (A) or a 
                civilian employee described in subparagraph 
                (B); and
            (2) has at least 10 years of experience, or 
        equivalent expertise or training, in the military 
        health care system, managed care, and health care 
        policy and administration.
    (b) Tricare Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given such term in section 
1072(7) of title 10, United States Code.

              Subtitle C--Mental Health-Related Provisions

SEC. 721. PROGRAM FOR MENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS FOR DEPENDENTS AND PILOT 
                    PROJECT ON POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER.

    (a) Program on Mental Health Awareness.--
            (1) Requirement.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall develop a program to improve awareness of 
        the availability of mental health services for, and 
        warning signs about mental health problems in, 
        dependents of members of the Armed Forces whose sponsor 
        served or will serve in a combat theater during the 
        previous or next 60 days.
            (2) Matters covered.--The program developed under 
        paragraph (1) shall be designed to--
                    (A) increase awareness of mental health 
                services available to dependents of members of 
                the Armed Forces on active duty;
                    (B) increase awareness of mental health 
                services available to dependents of Reservists 
                and National Guard members whose sponsors have 
                been activated; and
                    (C) increase awareness of mental health 
                issues that may arise in dependents referred to 
                in subparagraphs (A) and (B) whose sponsor is 
                deployed to a combat theater.
            (3) Coordination.--The Secretary may permit the 
        Department of Defense to coordinate the program 
        developed under paragraph (1) with an accredited 
        college, university, hospital-based, or community-based 
        mental health center or engage mental health 
        professionals to develop programs to help implement 
        this section.
            (4) Availability in other languages.--The Secretary 
        shall evaluate whether the effectiveness of the program 
        developed under paragraph (1) would be improved by 
        providing materials in languages other than English and 
        take action accordingly
            (5) Report.--Not later than one year after 
        implementation of the program developed under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
        the effectiveness of the program, including the extent 
        to which the program is used by low-English-proficient 
        individuals.
    (b) Pilot Project on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        carry out a pilot project to evaluate the efficacy of 
        various approaches to improving the capability of the 
        military and civilian health care systems to provide 
        early diagnosis and treatment of post traumatic stress 
        disorder (PTSD) and other mental health conditions.
            (2) Internet-based diagnosis and treatment.--The 
        pilot project shall be designed to evaluate--
                    (A) Internet-based automated tools 
                available to military and civilian health care 
                providers for the early diagnosis and treatment 
                of post traumatic stress disorder, and for 
                tracking patients who suffer from post 
                traumatic stress disorder; and
                    (B) Internet-based tools available to 
                family members of members of the Armed Forces 
                in order to assist such family members in the 
                identification of the emergence of post 
                traumatic stress disorder.
            (3) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2006, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the pilot project. The report 
        shall include a description of the pilot project, 
        including the location of the pilot project and the 
        scope and objectives of the pilot project.

SEC. 722. PILOT PROJECTS ON EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF POST 
                    TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER AND OTHER MENTAL HEALTH 
                    CONDITIONS.

    (a) Pilot Projects Required.--The Secretary of Defense may 
carry out pilot projects to evaluate the efficacy of various 
approaches to improving the capability of the military and 
civilian health care systems to provide early diagnosis and 
treatment of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other 
mental health conditions.
    (b) Pilot Project Requirements.--
            (1) Mobilization-demobilization facility.--
                    (A) In general.--A pilot project under 
                subsection (a) may be carried out at a military 
                medical facility at a large military 
                installation at which the mobilization or 
                demobilization of members of the Armed Forces 
                occurs.
                    (B) Elements.--The pilot project under this 
                paragraph shall be designed to evaluate and 
                produce effective diagnostic and treatment 
                approaches for use by primary care providers in 
                the military health care system in order to 
                improve the capability of such providers to 
                diagnose and treat post traumatic stress 
                disorder in a manner that avoids the referral 
                of patients to specialty care by a psychiatrist 
                or other mental health professional.
            (2) National guard or reserve facility.--
                    (A) In general.--A pilot project under 
                subsection (a) may be carried out at the 
                location of a National Guard or Reserve unit or 
                units that are located more than 40 miles from 
                a military medical facility and whose personnel 
                are served primarily by civilian community 
                health resources.
                    (B) Elements.--The pilot project under this 
                paragraph shall be designed--
                            (i) to evaluate approaches for 
                        providing evidence-based clinical 
                        information on post traumatic stress 
                        disorder to civilian primary care 
                        providers; and
                            (ii) to develop educational 
                        materials and other tools for use by 
                        members of the National Guard or 
                        Reserve who come into contact with 
                        other members of the National Guard or 
                        Reserve who may suffer from post 
                        traumatic stress disorder in order to 
                        encourage and facilitate early 
                        reporting and referral for treatment.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 1, 2006, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report on the progress toward identifying pilot projects to 
be carried out under this section. To the extent possible the 
report shall include a description of each such pilot project, 
including the location of the pilot projects under paragraphs 
(1) and (2) of subsection (b), and the scope and objectives of 
each such pilot project.

SEC. 723. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TASK FORCE ON MENTAL HEALTH.

    (a) Requirement to Establish.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish within the Department of Defense a task force 
to examine matters relating to mental health and the Armed 
Forces.
    (b) Composition.--
            (1) Members.--The task force shall consist of not 
        more than 14 members appointed by the Secretary of 
        Defense from among individuals described in paragraph 
        (2) who have demonstrated expertise in the area of 
        mental health.
            (2) Range of members.--The individuals appointed to 
        the task force shall include--
                    (A) at least one member of each of the 
                Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps;
                    (B) a number of persons from outside the 
                Department of Defense equal to the total number 
                of personnel from within the Department of 
                Defense (whether members of the Armed Forces or 
                civilian personnel) who are appointed to the 
                task force;
                    (C) persons who have experience in--
                            (i) national mental health policy;
                            (ii) military personnel policy;
                            (iii) research in the field of 
                        mental health;
                            (iv) clinical care in mental 
                        health; or
                            (v) military chaplain or pastoral 
                        care; and
                    (D) at least one family member of a member 
                of the Armed Forces who has experience working 
                with military families.
            (3) Individuals appointed within department of 
        defense.--At least one of the individuals appointed to 
        the task force from within the Department of Defense 
        shall be the surgeon general of an Armed Force.
            (4) Individuals appointed outside department of 
        defense.--(A) Individuals appointed to the task force 
        from outside the Department of Defense may include 
        officers or employees of other departments or agencies 
        of the Federal Government, officers or employees of 
        State and local governments, or individuals from the 
        private sector.
            (B) The individuals appointed to the task force 
        from outside the Department of Defense shall include--
                    (i) an officer or employee of the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs; and
                    (ii) an officer or employee of the 
                Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services 
                Administration of the Department of Health and 
                Human Services.
            (5) Deadline for appointment.--All appointments of 
        individuals to the task force shall be made not later 
        than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act.
            (6) Co-chairs of task force.--There shall be two 
        co-chairs of the task force. One of the co-chairs shall 
        be designated by the Secretary of the Defense at the 
        time of appointment from among the Department of 
        Defense personnel appointed to the task force. The 
        other co-chair shall be selected from among the members 
        appointed from outside the Department of Defense by 
        members so appointed.
    (c) Assessment and Recommendations on Mental Health 
Services.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 12 months after the 
        date on which all members of the task force have been 
        appointed, the task force shall submit to the Secretary 
        a report containing an assessment of, and 
        recommendations for improving, the efficacy of mental 
        health services provided to members of the Armed Forces 
        by the Department of Defense.
            (2) Utilization of other efforts.--In preparing the 
        report, the task force shall take into consideration 
        completed and ongoing efforts by the Department of 
        Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs to 
        improve the efficacy of mental health care provided to 
        members of the Armed Forces by the Departments.
            (3) Elements.--The assessment and recommendations 
        (including recommendations for legislative or 
        administrative action) shall include measures to 
        improve the following:
                    (A) The awareness of the potential for 
                mental health conditions among members of the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (B) The access to and efficacy of existing 
                programs in primary care and mental health care 
                to prevent, identify, and treat mental health 
                conditions among members of the Armed Forces, 
                including programs for and with respect to 
                forward-deployed troops.
                    (C) Identification and means to evaluate 
                the effectiveness of pilot projects authorized 
                by section 722 with the objective of improving 
                early diagnosis and treatment of post traumatic 
                stress disorder and other mental health 
                conditions.
                    (D) The access to and programs for family 
                members of members of the Armed Forces, 
                including family members overseas.
                    (E) The reduction or elimination of 
                barriers to care, including the stigma 
                associated with seeking help for mental health 
                related conditions, and the enhancement of 
                confidentiality for members of the Armed Forces 
                seeking care for such conditions.
                    (F) The awareness of mental health services 
                available to dependents of members of the Armed 
                Forces whose sponsors have been activated or 
                deployed to a combat theater.
                    (G) The adequacy of outreach, education, 
                and support programs on mental health matters 
                for families of members of the Armed Forces.
                    (H) The early identification and treatment 
                of mental health and substance abuse problems 
                through the use of internal mass media 
                communications (including radio and television) 
                and other education tools to change attitudes 
                within the Armed Forces regarding mental health 
                and substance abuse treatment.
                    (I) The efficacy of programs and mechanisms 
                for ensuring a seamless transition from care of 
                members of the Armed Forces on active duty for 
                mental health conditions through the Department 
                of Defense to care for such conditions through 
                the Department of Veterans Affairs after such 
                members are discharged or released from 
                military, naval, or air service.
                    (J) The availability of long-term follow-up 
                and access to care for mental health conditions 
                for members of the Individual Ready Reserve and 
                the Selective Reserve and for discharged, 
                separated, or retired members of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (K) Collaboration among organizations in 
                the Department of Defense with responsibility 
                for or jurisdiction over the provision of 
                mental health services.
                    (L) Coordination between the Department of 
                Defense and civilian communities, including 
                local support organizations, with respect to 
                mental health services.
                    (M) The scope and efficacy of curricula and 
                training on mental health matters for 
                commanders in the Armed Forces.
                    (N) The efficiency of pre- and post-
                deployment mental health screening, including 
                mental health screenings for members of the 
                Armed Forces who have experienced multiple 
                deployments.
                    (O) The effectiveness of mental health 
                programs provided in languages other than 
                English.
                    (P) Such other matters as the task force 
                considers appropriate.
    (d) Administrative Matters.--
            (1) Compensation.--Each member of the task force 
        who is a member of the Armed Forces or a civilian 
        officer or employee of the United States shall serve 
        without compensation (other than compensation to which 
        entitled as a member of the Armed Forces or an officer 
        or employee of the United States, as the case may be). 
        Other members of the task force shall be treated for 
        purposes of section 3161 of title 5, United States 
        Code, as having been appointed under subsection (b) of 
        such section.
            (2) Oversight.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Personnel and Readiness shall oversee the activities of 
        the task force.
            (3) Administrative support.--The Washington 
        Headquarters Services of the Department of Defense 
        shall provide the task force with personnel, 
        facilities, and other administrative support as 
        necessary for the performance of the duties of the task 
        force.
            (4) Access to facilities.--The Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall, in 
        coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, ensure appropriate access by the task 
        force to military installations and facilities for 
        purposes of the discharge of the duties of the task 
        force.
    (e) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The task force shall submit to the 
        Secretary of Defense a report on its activities under 
        this section. The report shall include--
                    (A) a description of the activities of the 
                task force;
                    (B) the assessment and recommendations 
                required by subsection (c); and
                    (C) such other matters relating to the 
                activities of the task force that the task 
                force considers appropriate.
            (2) Transmittal to congress.--Not later than 90 
        days after receipt of the report under paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall transmit the report to the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives. The 
        Secretary may include in the transmittal such comments 
        on the report as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (f) Plan Required.--Not later than 6 months after receipt 
of the report from the task force under subsection (e)(1), the 
Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan based on the 
recommendations of the task force and submit the plan to the 
congressional defense committees.
    (g) Termination.--The task force shall terminate 90 days 
after the date on which the report of the task force is 
submitted to Congress under subsection (e)(2).

                    Subtitle D--Studies and Reports

SEC. 731. STUDY RELATING TO PREDEPLOYMENT AND POSTDEPLOYMENT MEDICAL 
                    EXAMS OF CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
of the effectiveness of self-administered surveys included in 
predeployment and postdeployment medical exams, including the 
mental health portion of the surveys, of members of the Armed 
Forces that are carried out as part of the medical tracking 
system required under section 1074f of title 10, United States 
Code.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the study conducted under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 732. REQUIREMENTS FOR PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS AND MEDICAL AND DENTAL 
                    READINESS FOR MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE NOT 
                    ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 10206 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) have a comprehensive medical readiness health 
        and dental assessment on an annual basis, including 
        routine annual preventive health care screening and 
        periodic comprehensive physical examinations in 
        accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
        of Defense that reflect morbidity and mortality risks 
        associated with the military service, age, and gender 
        of the member; and'' ''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``annually to the 
        Secretary concerned'' and all that follows and 
        inserting ``to the Secretary concerned on an annual 
        basis documentation of the medical and dental readiness 
        of the member to perform military duties.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The heading of such section is 
amended by striking ``periodic''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 1007 of such title is amended in the item 
relating to section 10206 by striking ``periodic''.

SEC. 733. REPORT ON DELIVERY OF HEALTH CARE BENEFITS THROUGH THE 
                    MILITARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2007, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the delivery of health care benefits 
through the military health care system.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An analysis of the organization and costs of 
        delivering health care benefits to current and retired 
        members of the Armed Forces and their families.
            (2) An analysis of the costs of ensuring medical 
        readiness throughout the Armed Forces in support of 
        national security objectives.
            (3) An assessment of the role of health benefits in 
        the recruitment and retention of members of the Armed 
        Forces, whether in the regular components or the 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces.
            (4) An assessment of the experience of the military 
        departments during fiscal years 2003, 2004, and 2005 in 
        recruitment and retention of military and civilian 
        medical and dental personnel, whether in the regular 
        components or the reserve components of the Armed 
        Forces, in light of military and civilian medical 
        manpower requirements.
            (5) A description of requirements for graduate 
        medical education for military medical care providers 
        and options for meeting such requirements, including 
        civilian medical training programs.
    (c) Recommendations.--In addition to the matters specified 
in subsection (b), the report under subsection (a) shall also 
include such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
action as the Secretary considers necessary to improve 
efficiency and quality in the provision of health care benefits 
through the military health care system, including 
recommendations on--
            (1) the organization and delivery of health care 
        benefits;
            (2) mechanisms required to measure costs more 
        accurately;
            (3) mechanisms required to measure quality of care, 
        and access to care, more accurately;
            (4) Department of Defense participation in the 
        Medicare Advantage Program, formerly Medicare plus 
        Choice;
            (5) the use of flexible spending accounts and 
        health savings accounts for military retirees under the 
        age of 65;
            (6) incentives for eligible beneficiaries of the 
        military health care system to retain private employer-
        provided health care insurance;
            (7) means of improving integrated systems of 
        disease management, including chronic illness 
        management;
            (8) means of improving the safety and efficiency of 
        pharmacy benefits management;
            (9) the management of enrollment options for 
        categories of eligible beneficiaries in the military 
        health care system;
            (10) reform of the provider payment system, 
        including the potential for use of a pay-for-
        performance system in order to reward quality and 
        efficiency in the TRICARE system;
            (11) means of improving efficiency in the 
        administration of the TRICARE program, to include the 
        reduction of headquarters and redundant management 
        layers, and maximizing efficiency in the claims 
        processing system;
            (12) other improvements in the efficiency of the 
        military health care system; and
            (13) any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to improve the efficiency and quality of 
        military health care benefits.

SEC. 734. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDIES AND REPORT ON DIFFERENTIAL 
                    PAYMENTS TO CHILDREN'S HOSPITALS FOR HEALTH CARE 
                    FOR CHILDREN DEPENDENTS AND MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE 
                    CHARGE FOR OBSTETRICAL CARE SERVICES UNDER TRICARE.

    (a) Studies Required.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct the following studies:
            (1) A study of the effectiveness of the current 
        system of differential payments to children's hospitals 
        for health care services for dependent children of 
        members of the uniformed services under the TRICARE 
        program in achieving the objective of securing adequate 
        health care services for such dependent children under 
        that program.
            (2) A study of the effectiveness of the TRICARE 
        program in achieving the objective of adequate access 
        to high quality obstetrical care services for family 
        members of members of the uniformed services.
    (b) Elements of Children's Hospitals Study.--The study 
required by subsection (a)(1) shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the current participation of 
        children's hospitals in the TRICARE program.
            (2) An assessment of the current system of payments 
        to children's hospitals under the TRICARE program, 
        including differential payments to such hospitals for 
        health care services described in subsection (a)(1), 
        including an assessment of--
                    (A) the extent to which the calculation of 
                such differential payments takes into account 
                the complexity and extraordinary resources 
                required for the provision of such health care 
                services;
                    (B) the extent to which TRICARE payment 
                rates, including the children's hospital 
                differential, have kept pace with inflation in 
                health care costs for children's hospitals 
                since the establishment of the differential in 
                1988;
                    (C) the extent to which such differential 
                payments provide appropriate compensation to 
                such hospitals for the provision of such 
                services; and
                    (D) any obstacles or challenges to the 
                development of future modifications to the 
                system of differential payments.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy of, including any 
        barrier to, the access of dependent children described 
        in subsection (a)(1) to specialized hospital services 
        for their illnesses under the TRICARE program.
    (c) Elements of Obstetrical Care Services Study.--The study 
required by subsection (a)(2) shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the current participation of 
        civilian providers of obstetrical care services in the 
        TRICARE program.
            (2) An assessment of the current system of payments 
        for obstetrical care services, including an assessment 
        of--
                    (A) the extent to which the calculation of 
                such payments takes into account the complexity 
                and resources required;
                    (B) the extent to which TRICARE payment 
                rates have kept pace with inflation in health 
                care costs;
                    (C) the extent to which such payments 
                provide appropriate compensation to providers 
                of such services; and
                    (D) obstacles or challenges to the 
                development of future improvements to access to 
                high quality obstetrical services, including 
                referral patterns and inclusion of all 
                necessary services within the maximum allowable 
                charge.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the access of 
        military family members to needed obstetrical care 
        services.
    (d) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2006, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the 
congressional defense committees a report on the studies 
required by subsection (a), together with such recommendations, 
if any, as the Comptroller General considers appropriate for 
modifications of the current system of differential payments to 
children's hospitals and payments for obstetrical care services 
in order to achieve the objectives described in that 
subsection.
    (e) Transmittal to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than November 1, 2006, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall transmit to the 
        congressional defense committees the report submitted 
        by the Comptroller General to the Secretary under 
        subsection (d).
            (2) Implementation of modifications.--If the report 
        under paragraph (1) includes recommendations of the 
        Comptroller General for modifications of the current 
        system of differential payments to children's hospitals 
        or of payments for obstetrical care services, the 
        Secretary shall transmit with the report--
                    (A) a proposal for such legislative or 
                administration action as may be required to 
                implement such modifications; and
                    (B) an assessment and estimate of the costs 
                associated with the implementation of such 
                modifications.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Differential payments to children's 
        hospitals.--The term ``differential payments to 
        children's hospitals'' means the additional amounts 
        paid to children's hospitals under the TRICARE program 
        for health care procedures for severely ill children in 
        order to take into account the additional costs 
        associated with such procedures for such children when 
        compared with the costs associated with such procedures 
        for adults and other children.
            (2) Payments for obstetrical care.--The term 
        ``payments for obstetrical care services'' means the 
        maximum allowable payment rates established by the 
        Department of Defense under the TRICARE program for 
        routine obstetrical care, including prenatal care, 
        laboratory tests in accordance with accepted 
        obstetrical practices standards, specialty care if 
        needed, delivery, and post-partum maternal care.
            (3) Tricare program.--The term ``TRICARE program'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 1072(7) of 
        title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 735. REPORT ON THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AHLTA GLOBAL ELECTRONIC 
                    HEALTH RECORD SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than six months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
on the Department of Defense AHLTA global electronic health 
record system.
    (b) Report Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A chronology and description of previous 
        efforts undertaken to develop an electronic medical 
        records system capable of maintaining a two-way 
        exchange of data between the Department of Defense and 
        the Department of Veterans Affairs.
            (2) The plans as of the date of the report, 
        including any projected commencement dates, for the 
        implementation of the AHLTA global electronic health 
        record system.
            (3) A description of the software and hardware 
        being considered as of the date of the report for use 
        in the AHLTA global electronic health record system.
            (4) A description of the management structure used 
        in the development of the AHLTA global electronic 
        health record system.
            (5) A description of the accountability measures 
        utilized during the development of the AHLTA global 
        electronic health record system in order to evaluate 
        progress made in the development of that system.
            (6) The schedule for the remaining development of 
        the AHLTA global electronic health record system.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
means--
            (1) the Committees on Armed Services, 
        Appropriations, Veterans' Affairs, and Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committees on Armed Services, 
        Appropriations, Veterans' Affairs, and Energy and 
        Commerce of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 736. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY AND REPORT ON VACCINE HEALTHCARE 
                    CENTERS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General shall conduct 
a study of the Vaccine Healthcare Centers operated by the 
Department of Defense in support of medical needs arising from 
mandatory military vaccinations.
    (b) Elements.--In conducting the study under subsection 
(a), the Comptroller General shall examine the following:
            (1) The mission of each Center.
            (2) The adequacy of resources available to support 
        the mission of each Center and the source of those 
        resources from within the Department of Defense.
            (3) The extent of participation and support of the 
        Centers by each of the Armed Forces.
            (4) The effectiveness of the Centers in supporting 
        the medical needs of members of the Armed Forces 
        arising from mandatory military vaccinations.
            (5) The effectiveness of the Centers in providing 
        assistance to military and civilian healthcare 
        providers based on outreach to and response to 
        inquiries from providers.
            (6) The extent to which the Centers are conducting 
        evaluations to identify and treat potential and actual 
        health effects from vaccines.
            (7) The extent to which the Centers take advantage 
        of and are linked to vaccine health resources outside 
        the Department of Defense.
            (8) The extent to which the Centers are involved in 
        outreach to military and civilian healthcare providers 
        relating to vaccine saf