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110th Congress                                            Rept. 110-218
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                     Part I

======================================================================



 
                 COURT SECURITY IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2007

                                _______
                                

                 July 10, 2007.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Conyers, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the 
                               following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 660]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the 
bill (H.R. 660) to amend title 18, United States Code, to 
protect judges, prosecutors, witnesses, victims, and their 
family members, and for other purposes, having considered the 
same, reports favorably thereon with an amendment and 
recommends that the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
The Amendment....................................................     1
Purpose and Summary..............................................     8
Background and Need for the Legislation..........................     8
Hearings.........................................................    11
Committee Consideration..........................................    11
Committee Votes..................................................    12
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................    12
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................    12
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................    12
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................    16
Constitutional Authority Statement...............................    16
Advisory on Earmarks.............................................    16
Section-by-Section Analysis......................................    16
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............    19
Committee Jurisdiction Letters...................................    32

                             The Amendment

    The amendment is as follows:
    Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Court Security Improvement Act of 
2007''.

          TITLE I--JUDICIAL SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS AND FUNDING

SEC. 101. JUDICIAL BRANCH SECURITY REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Ensuring Consultation With the Judiciary.--Section 566 of title 
28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) The Director of the United States Marshals Service shall 
consult with the Judicial Conference of the United States on a 
continuing basis regarding the security requirements for the judicial 
branch of the United States Government, to ensure that the views of the 
Judicial Conference regarding the security requirements for the 
judicial branch of the Federal Government are taken into account when 
determining staffing levels, setting priorities for programs regarding 
judicial security, and allocating judicial security resources. In this 
paragraph, the term `judicial security' includes the security of 
buildings housing the judiciary, the personal security of judicial 
officers, the assessment of threats made to judicial officers, and the 
protection of all other judicial personnel. The United States Marshals 
Service retains final authority regarding security requirements for the 
judicial branch of the Federal Government.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 331 of title 28, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``The Judicial Conference shall consult with the Director of United 
States Marshals Service on a continuing basis regarding the security 
requirements for the judicial branch of the United States Government, 
to ensure that the views of the Judicial Conference regarding the 
security requirements for the judicial branch of the Federal Government 
are taken into account when determining staffing levels, setting 
priorities for programs regarding judicial security, and allocating 
judicial security resources. In this paragraph, the term `judicial 
security' includes the security of buildings housing the judiciary, the 
personal security of judicial officers, the assessment of threats made 
to judicial officers, and the protection of all other judicial 
personnel. The United States Marshals Service retains final authority 
regarding security requirements for the judicial branch of the Federal 
Government.''.

SEC. 102. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS.

    Section 105(b)(3) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 
App) is amended by striking subparagraph (E).

SEC. 103. PROTECTION OF UNITED STATES TAX COURT.

    (a) In General.--Section 566(a) of title 28, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``and the Court of International Trade'' and 
inserting ``, the Court of International Trade, and any other court, as 
provided by law''.
    (b) Internal Revenue Code.--Section 7456(c) of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986 (relating to incidental powers of the Tax Court) is 
amended in the matter following paragraph (3), by striking the period 
at the end, and inserting ``and may otherwise provide for the security 
of the Tax Court, including the personal protection of Tax Court 
judges, court officers, witnesses, and other threatened person in the 
interests of justice, where criminal intimidation impedes on the 
functioning of the judicial process or any other official 
proceeding.''.

SEC. 104. ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS FOR UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE TO 
                    PROTECT THE JUDICIARY.

    In addition to any other amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
the United States Marshals Service, there are authorized to be 
appropriated for the United States Marshals Service to protect the 
judiciary, $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2013 for--
            (1) hiring entry-level deputy marshals for providing 
        judicial security;
            (2) hiring senior-level deputy marshals for investigating 
        threats to the judiciary and providing protective details to 
        members of the judiciary and assistant United States attorneys; 
        and
            (3) for the Office of Protective Intelligence, for hiring 
        senior-level deputy marshals, hiring program analysts, and 
        providing secure computer systems.

TITLE II--CRIMINAL LAW ENHANCEMENTS TO PROTECT JUDGES, FAMILY MEMBERS, 
                             AND WITNESSES

SEC. 201. PROTECTIONS AGAINST MALICIOUS RECORDING OF FICTITIOUS LIENS 
                    AGAINST FEDERAL JUDGES AND FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT 
                    OFFICERS.

    (a) Offense.--Chapter 73 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 1521. Retaliating against a Federal judge or Federal law 
                    enforcement officer by false claim or slander of 
                    title

    ``Whoever files, attempts to file, or conspires to file, in any 
public record or in any private record which is generally available to 
the public, any false lien or encumbrance against the real or personal 
property of an individual described in section 1114, on account of the 
performance of official duties by that individual, knowing or having 
reason to know that such lien or encumbrance is false or contains any 
materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or 
representation, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for not 
more than 10 years, or both.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The chapter analysis for chapter 73 of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``1521. Retaliating against a Federal judge or Federal law enforcement 
officer by false claim or slander of title.''.

SEC. 202. PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUALS PERFORMING CERTAIN OFFICIAL DUTIES.

    (a) Offense.--Chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 119. Protection of individuals performing certain official 
                    duties

    ``(a) In General.--Whoever knowingly makes restricted personal 
information about a covered official, or a member of the immediate 
family of that covered official, publicly available--
            ``(1) with the intent to threaten, intimidate, or incite 
        the commission of a crime of violence against that covered 
        official, or a member of the immediate family of that covered 
        official; or
            ``(2) with the intent and knowledge that the restricted 
        personal information will be used to threaten, intimidate, or 
        facilitate the commission of a crime of violence against that 
        covered official, or a member of the immediate family of that 
        covered official,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or 
both.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section--
            ``(1) the term `restricted personal information' means, 
        with respect to an individual, the Social Security number, the 
        home address, home phone number, mobile phone number, personal 
        email, or home fax number of, and identifiable to, that 
        individual;
            ``(2) the term `covered official' means--
                    ``(A) an individual designated in section 1114;
                    ``(B) a grand or petit juror, witness, or other 
                officer in or of, any court of the United States, or an 
                officer who may be serving at any examination or other 
                proceeding before any United States magistrate judge or 
                other committing magistrate;
                    ``(C) a public safety officer (as that term is 
                defined in section 1204 of the Omnibus Crime Control 
                and Safe Streets Act of 1968) who is employed by a 
                public agency that receives Federal financial 
                assistance; and
                    ``(D) a paid informant or any witness in a Federal 
                criminal investigation or prosecution or in a State 
                criminal investigation or prosecution of an offense 
                that is in or affects interstate or foreign commerce;
            ``(3) the term `crime of violence' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 16; and
            ``(4) the term `immediate family' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 115(c)(2).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``119. Protection of individuals performing certain official duties.''.

SEC. 203. PROHIBITION OF POSSESSION OF DANGEROUS WEAPONS IN FEDERAL 
                    COURT FACILITIES.

    Section 930(e)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or other dangerous weapon'' after ``firearm''.

SEC. 204. CLARIFICATION OF VENUE FOR RETALIATION AGAINST A WITNESS.

    Section 1513 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(g) A prosecution under this section may be brought in the 
district in which the official proceeding (whether pending, about to be 
instituted, or completed) was intended to be affected, or in which the 
conduct constituting the alleged offense occurred.''.

SEC. 205. MODIFICATION OF TAMPERING WITH A WITNESS, VICTIM, OR AN 
                    INFORMANT OFFENSE.

    (a) Changes in Penalties.--Section 1512 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) so that subparagraph (A) of subsection (a)(3) reads as 
        follows:
            ``(A) in the case of a killing, the punishment provided in 
        sections 1111 and 1112;'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(3)--
                    (A) in the matter following clause (ii) of 
                subparagraph (B) by striking ``20 years'' and inserting 
                ``30 years''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``10 years'' 
                and inserting ``20 years'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``ten years'' and 
        inserting ``20 years''; and
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``one year'' and 
        inserting ``3 years''.

SEC. 206. MODIFICATION OF RETALIATION OFFENSE.

    Section 1513 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)(B)--
                    (A) by inserting a comma after ``probation''; and
                    (B) by striking the comma which immediately follows 
                another comma;
            (2) in subsection (a)(2)(B), by striking ``20 years'' and 
        inserting ``30 years'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by inserting a comma after 
                        ``probation''; and
                            (ii) by striking the comma which 
                        immediately follows another comma; and
                    (B) in the matter following paragraph (2), by 
                striking ``ten years'' and inserting ``20 years''; and
            (4) by redesignating the second subsection (e) as 
        subsection (f).

SEC. 207. GENERAL MODIFICATIONS OF FEDERAL MURDER CRIME AND RELATED 
                    CRIMES.

    Section 1112(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``United States,'' and inserting ``United 
        States--'';
            (2) by striking ``Whoever is guilty of voluntary 
        manslaughter,'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) subject to paragraph (3), whoever is guilty of 
        voluntary manslaughter'';
            (3) by striking ``Whoever is guilty of involuntary 
        manslaughter,'' and inserting the following:
            ``(2) subject to paragraph (3), whoever is guilty of 
        involuntary manslaughter'';
            (4) at the end of paragraph (2) (as designated by paragraph 
        (3)), by striking the period and inserting ``; and''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) whoever is guilty of an offense under section 1114 or 
        chapter 73 that involved a killing shall--
                    ``(A) in the case of voluntary manslaughter, be 
                fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 20 
                years, or both; and
                    ``(B) in the case of involuntary manslaughter, be 
                fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 10 
                years, or both.''.

SEC. 208. ASSAULT PENALTIES.

    Section 115 of title 18, United States Code, is amended in 
subsection (b) by striking ``(1)'' and all that follows through the end 
of paragraph (1) and inserting the following :
            ``(1) The punishment for an assault in violation of this 
        section is a fine under this title and--
                    ``(A) if the assault consists of a simple assault, 
                a term of imprisonment for not more than one year, or 
                both;
                    ``(B) if the assault resulted in bodily injury (as 
                defined in section 1365), a term of imprisonment for 
                not more than 10 years;
                    ``(C) if the assault resulted in serious bodily 
                injury (as defined in section 1365), a term of 
                imprisonment for not more than 15 years; or
                    ``(D) if a dangerous weapon was used during and in 
                relation to the offense, a term of imprisonment for not 
                more than 30 years.''.

SEC. 209. DIRECTION TO THE SENTENCING COMMISSION.

    The United States Sentencing Commission is directed to review the 
Sentencing Guidelines as they apply to threats punishable under section 
115 of title 18, United States Code, that occur over the Internet, and 
determine whether and by how much that should aggravate the punishment 
pursuant to section 994 of title 28, United States Code. In conducting 
the study, the Commission shall take into consideration the number of 
such threats made; the intended number of recipients, whether the 
initial sender was acting in an individual capacity or part of a larger 
group.

TITLE III--PROTECTING STATE AND LOCAL JUDGES AND RELATED GRANT PROGRAMS

SEC. 301. GRANTS TO STATES TO PROTECT WITNESSES AND VICTIMS OF CRIMES.

    (a) In General.--Section 31702 of the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13862) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) by a State, unit of local government, or Indian tribe 
        to create and expand witness and victim protection programs to 
        prevent threats, intimidation, and retaliation against victims 
        of, and witnesses to, violent crimes.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 31707 of the Violent 
Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13867) is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 31707. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for each of 
the fiscal years 2008 through 2012 to carry out this subtitle.''.

SEC. 302. ELIGIBILITY OF STATE COURTS FOR CERTAIN FEDERAL GRANTS.

    (a) Correctional Options Grants.--Section 515 of the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3762a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) grants to State courts to improve security for State 
        and local court systems.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following:
``Priority shall be given to State court applicants under subsection 
(a)(4) that have the greatest demonstrated need to provide security in 
order to administer justice.''.
    (b) Allocations.--Section 516(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3762b) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``80'' and inserting ``70'';
            (2) by striking ``and 10'' and inserting ``10''; and
            (3) by inserting before the period the following: ``, and 
        10 percent for section 515(a)(4)''.
    (c) State and Local Governments To Consider Courts.--The Attorney 
General may require, as appropriate, that whenever a State or unit of 
local government or Indian tribe applies for a grant from the 
Department of Justice, the State, unit, or tribe demonstrate that, in 
developing the application and distributing funds, the State, unit, or 
tribe--
            (1) considered the needs of the judicial branch of the 
        State, unit, or tribe, as the case may be;
            (2) consulted with the chief judicial officer of the 
        highest court of the State, unit, or tribe, as the case may be; 
        and
            (3) consulted with the chief law enforcement officer of the 
        law enforcement agency responsible for the security needs of 
        the judicial branch of the State, unit, or tribe, as the case 
        may be.
    (d) Armor Vests.--Section 2501 of title I of the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796ll) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and State and local 
        court officers'' after ``tribal law enforcement officers''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``State or local 
        court,'' after ``government,''.

SEC. 303. GRANTS TO STATES FOR THREAT ASSESSMENT DATABASES.

    (a) In General.--The Attorney General, through the Office of 
Justice Programs, shall make grants under this section to the highest 
State courts in States participating in the program, for the purpose of 
enabling such courts to establish and maintain a threat assessment 
database described in subsection (b).
    (b) Database.--For purposes of subsection (a), a threat assessment 
database is a database through which a State can--
            (1) analyze trends and patterns in domestic terrorism and 
        crime;
            (2) project the probabilities that specific acts of 
        domestic terrorism or crime will occur; and
            (3) develop measures and procedures that can effectively 
        reduce the probabilities that those acts will occur.
    (c) Core Elements.--The Attorney General shall define a core set of 
data elements to be used by each database funded by this section so 
that the information in the database can be effectively shared with 
other States and with the Department of Justice.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for each of the fiscal years 2008 through 2011.

                   TITLE IV--LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS

SEC. 401. REPORT ON SECURITY OF FEDERAL PROSECUTORS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the 
Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report on the security of 
assistant United States attorneys and other Federal attorneys arising 
from the prosecution of terrorists, violent criminal gangs, drug 
traffickers, gun traffickers, white supremacists, those who commit 
fraud and other white-collar offenses, and other criminal cases.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
describe each of the following:
            (1) The number and nature of threats and assaults against 
        attorneys handling prosecutions described in subsection (a) and 
        the reporting requirements and methods.
            (2) The security measures that are in place to protect the 
        attorneys who are handling prosecutions described in subsection 
        (a), including threat assessments, response procedures, 
        availability of security systems and other devices, firearms 
        licensing (deputations), and other measures designed to protect 
        the attorneys and their families.
            (3) The firearms deputation policies of the Department of 
        Justice, including the number of attorneys deputized and the 
        time between receipt of threat and completion of the deputation 
        and training process.
            (4) For each requirement, measure, or policy described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (3), when the requirement, measure, or 
        policy was developed and who was responsible for developing and 
        implementing the requirement, measure, or policy.
            (5) The programs that are made available to the attorneys 
        for personal security training, including training relating to 
        limitations on public information disclosure, basic home 
        security, firearms handling and safety, family safety, mail 
        handling, counter-surveillance, and self-defense tactics.
            (6) The measures that are taken to provide attorneys 
        handling prosecutions described in subsection (a) with secure 
        parking facilities, and how priorities for such facilities are 
        established--
                    (A) among Federal employees within the facility;
                    (B) among Department of Justice employees within 
                the facility; and
                    (C) among attorneys within the facility.
            (7) The frequency attorneys handling prosecutions described 
        in subsection (a) are called upon to work beyond standard work 
        hours and the security measures provided to protect attorneys 
        at such times during travel between office and available 
        parking facilities.
            (8) With respect to attorneys who are licensed under State 
        laws to carry firearms, the policy of the Department of Justice 
        as to--
                    (A) carrying the firearm between available parking 
                and office buildings;
                    (B) securing the weapon at the office buildings; 
                and
                    (C) equipment and training provided to facilitate 
                safe storage at Department of Justice facilities.
            (9) The offices in the Department of Justice that are 
        responsible for ensuring the security of attorneys handling 
        prosecutions described in subsection (a), the organization and 
        staffing of the offices, and the manner in which the offices 
        coordinate with offices in specific districts.
            (10) The role, if any, that the United States Marshals 
        Service or any other Department of Justice component plays in 
        protecting, or providing security services or training for, 
        attorneys handling prosecutions described in subsection (a).

                   TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 501. EXPANDED PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR THE UNITED STATES 
                    SENTENCING COMMISSION.

    (a) In General.--Section 995 of title 28, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) The Commission may--
            ``(1) use available funds to enter into contracts for the 
        acquisition of severable services for a period that begins in 1 
        fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal year, to the same 
        extent as executive agencies may enter into such contracts 
        under the authority of section 303L of the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253l);
            ``(2) enter into multi-year contracts for the acquisition 
        of property or services to the same extent as executive 
        agencies may enter into such contracts under the authority of 
        section 304B of the Federal Property and Administrative 
        Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 254c); and
            ``(3) make advance, partial, progress, or other payments 
        under contracts for property or services to the same extent as 
        executive agencies may make such payments under the authority 
        of section 305 of the Federal Property and Administrative 
        Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 255).''.
    (b) Sunset.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall cease to 
have force and effect on September 30, 2010.

SEC. 502. BANKRUPTCY, MAGISTRATE, AND TERRITORIAL JUDGES LIFE 
                    INSURANCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 604(a)(5) of title 28, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after ``hold office during good behavior,'' the 
following: ``bankruptcy judges appointed under section 152 of this 
title, magistrate judges appointed under section 631 of this title, and 
territorial district court judges appointed under section 24 of the 
Organic Act of Guam (48 U.S.C. 1424b), section 1(b) of the Act of 
November 8, 1877 (48 U.S.C. 1821), or section 24(a) of the Revised 
Organic Act of the Virgin Islands (48 U.S.C. 1614(a)),''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to any payment made on or after the first day of the 
first applicable pay period beginning on or after the date of enactment 
of this Act.

SEC. 503. ASSIGNMENT OF JUDGES.

    Section 296 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting at the end of the second undesignated paragraph the following 
new sentence: ``However, a judge who has retired from regular active 
service under section 371(b) of this title, when designated and 
assigned to the court to which such judge was appointed, shall have all 
the powers of a judge of that court, including participation in 
appointment of court officers and magistrates, rulemaking, governance, 
and administrative matters.''.

SEC. 504. SENIOR JUDGE PARTICIPATION IN THE SELECTION OF MAGISTRATES.

    Section 631(a) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Northern Mariana Islands'' the first place it appears and 
inserting ``Northern Mariana Islands (including any judge in regular 
active service and any judge who has retired from regular active 
service under section 371(b) of this title, when designated and 
assigned to the court to which such judge was appointed)''.

SEC. 505. GUARANTEEING COMPLIANCE WITH PRISONER PAYMENT COMMITMENTS.

    Section 3624(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the last sentence and inserting the following: ``Upon the 
release of a prisoner by the Bureau of Prisons to supervised release, 
the Bureau of Prisons shall notify such prisoner, verbally and in 
writing, of the requirement that the prisoner adhere to an installment 
schedule, not to exceed two years except in special circumstances, to 
pay for any fine imposed for the offense committed by such prisoner, 
and of the consequences of failure to pay such fines under sections 
3611 through 3614 of this title.''.

SEC. 506. STUDY AND REPORT.

    The Attorney General shall study whether the generally open public 
access to State and local records imperils the safety of the Federal 
judiciary. Not later than 18 months after the enactment of this Act, 
the Attorney General shall report to Congress the results of that study 
together with any recommendations the Attorney General deems necessary.

SEC. 507. REAUTHORIZATION OF FUGITIVE APPREHENSION TASK FORCES.

    Section 6(b) of the Presidential Threat Protection Act of 2000 (28 
U.S.C. 566 note; Public Law 106-544) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' after ``fiscal year 2002,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, and $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal 
        years 2008 through 2012'' before the period.

SEC. 508. INCREASED PROTECTION OF FEDERAL JUDGES.

    (a) Minimum Document Requirements.--
            (1) Minimum requirements.--For purposes of section 
        202(b)(6) of the REAL ID Act of 2005 (49 U.S.C. 30301 note), a 
        State may, in the case of an individual described in 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2), include in a driver's 
        license or other identification card issued to that individual 
        by the State, the address specified in that subparagraph in 
        lieu of the individual's address of principle residence.
            (2) Individuals and information.--The individuals and 
        addresses referred to in paragraph (1) are the following:
                    (A) In the case of a Justice of the United States, 
                the address of the United States Supreme Court.
                    (B) In the case of a judge of a Federal court, the 
                address of the courthouse.
    (b) Verification of Information.--For purposes of section 
202(c)(1)(D) of the REAL ID Act of 2005 (49 U.S.C. 30301 note), in the 
case of an individual described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
subsection (a)(2), a State need only require documentation of the 
address appearing on the individual's driver's license or other 
identification card issued by that State to the individual.

                          Purpose and Summary

    The importance of judicial security was underscored by the 
murders of family members of a Chicago Federal judge in 2005, 
and the killings less than 2 weeks later of a State judge, a 
court reporter, and a sheriff's deputy in an Atlanta 
courthouse. These acts of violence, along with numerous others, 
led to the introduction of H.R. 660, the ``Court Security 
Improvement Act of 2007,'' which, among other things, seeks to 
improve judicial security for court officers and safeguard 
judges and their families.

                Background and Need for the Legislation

    Although the security of all Federal buildings increased in 
the wake of the April 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah 
Federal Building in Oklahoma City and the September 11, 2001 
terrorist attacks, the importance of judicial security was 
brought more particularly to the Nation's attention by reports 
of the murders of family members of a Chicago Federal judge in 
2005, and the killings less than 2 weeks later of a State 
judge, a court reporter, and a sheriff's deputy in an Atlanta 
courthouse.\1\ Another incident occurred in June 2006, when a 
sniper shot a State judge in Reno, Nevada, through the window 
of the judge's office.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\In his 2005 Year-End Report on the Federal Judiciary, Chief 
Justice John G. Roberts, Jr., highlighted the concerns presented by the 
murders in Chicago and Atlanta:

      These attacks underscored the need for all branches of 
      government, State and Federal, to improve safety and 
      security for judges and judicial employees, both within and 
      outside courthouses. We see emerging democracies around the 
      world struggle to establish court systems in which judges 
      can apply the rule of law free from the threat of violence; 
      we must take every step to ensure that our own judges, to 
      whom so much of the world looks as models of independence, 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
      never face violent attack for carrying out their duties.

U.S. Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales voiced similar sentiments 
when he spoke at the Conference for Chief United States District Judges 
on April 14, 2005:

      The Department of Justice and the Marshals Service will 
      continue to work to ensure that threats to Federal judges 
      are quickly assessed and appropriate measures are taken. We 
      will not accept that a judge is intimidated or threatened 
      in any way in discharging his or her obligation to 
      faithfully interpret the law. To that end, I have directed 
      a review of judicial security measures be undertaken so 
      that the Department, as well as State and local 
      enforcement, can benefit from a compilation of best 
      practices from across the nation.
    Supreme Court Justices have also been intended targets of 
violence and death threats. Last year, for example, it was 
revealed that home-baked cookies infused with rat poison were 
mailed to all nine Justices in 2005. According to one media 
report, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor was quoted as saying that 
``each one contained enough poison to kill the entire 
membership of the court.''
    All three branches of the Federal Government play unique 
roles in helping to ensure the safety of judges and the 
security of the Federal courts. In this joint effort, the role 
of Congress is to authorize programs, appropriate funds, and 
provide oversight of judicial security. The Judicial Conference 
of the United States--the principal policy-making body of the 
Federal judiciary--governs the administration of the United 
States courts. The Conference's Committee on Judicial Security 
monitors the security of the judiciary (including protection of 
court facilities and proceedings, judicial officers, and court 
staff at Federal court facilities and other locations), and 
makes policy recommendations to the Conference. As the central 
support entity for the judicial branch, the Administrative 
Office of the United States Courts (AOUSC) implements Judicial 
Conference policies, including security matters.
    By statute, the United States Marshals Service (USMS) 
within the Department of Justice (DOJ) has primary 
responsibility for the security of the judiciary, including the 
safe conduct of court proceedings, and the security of Federal 
judges and court personnel at court facilities and off-site. 
USMS also provides protective details for those who are targets 
of threats and attacks, and provides other law enforcement 
services for DOJ. Within USMS, the Judicial Security Division 
is specifically responsible for providing security services and 
staff support for the Federal judiciary, including personal 
protection for judges and physical security of Federal 
courthouses.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\According to USMS, over 2,000 sitting judges and other court 
officials at more than 400 court facilities nationwide are under its 
protection. An appointed U.S. marshal, confirmed by the Senate, has 
security responsibility in each of the 94 Federal judicial districts 
and the District of Columbia Superior Court. District U.S. marshals 
provide and oversee security of the Judiciary using USMS resources and 
court security officers (CSO), who are employees of private security 
companies under contract with USMS. Over 4,500 CSOs provide various 
types of security (e.g., fixed posts, roving patrols, entry screening, 
and mail and packages screening) in courthouses and at multi-tenant 
facilities. Also under USMS jurisdiction is the design, installation, 
and maintenance of security systems, and oversight of the 
communications equipment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    USMS conducts threat assessments when they are directed 
against individuals (e.g., Federal judges, United States 
Attorneys, court staff, and family members) and then determines 
the level of security that is necessary for developing security 
plans and assigning the required resources to ensure their 
safety. A deputy marshal is required to attend any session of 
court at the request of the presiding judge. A judicial 
security inspector (a senior-level deputy marshal) is assigned 
to each judicial district to evaluate courthouse security and 
procedures, and to coordinate scheduling, posting, and other 
matters related to court security officers. The inspectors also 
conduct security surveys at judges' homes and recommend 
improvements.
    To enhance its capability to strengthen protection of the 
judiciary, the USMS established the Office of Protective 
Intelligence (OPI) in 2004 to review and analyze intelligence 
information about the security of those under USMS protection. 
On a daily basis, OPI issues security advisories, intelligence 
bulletins, and law enforcement alerts to USMS district offices 
and senior staff at headquarters so that protective measures 
can be taken. When threats are made, USMS works with the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to address them.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\The USMS Judicial Security Division highlights the following 
services it provided the judiciary during FY2006:

       GCoordinated and provided 259 protective details 
      (outside of courthouses) to U.S. Supreme Court Justices, 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
      judges, or other members of the judicial system;

       GProvided security services during nearly 200 
      judicial conferences and other significant gatherings of 
      members of the Federal judiciary;

       GCoordinated and provided personnel and additional 
      security resources for 135 high-threat trials as well as 11 
      terrorist trials;

       GProvided improved Protective Investigations 
      Training for 190 Deputy U.S. Marshals and Judicial Security 
      Inspectors at the agency's Training Academy in Glynco, 
      Georgia. Coordinated a special Judicial Protective Training 
      Conference in Baltimore for 210 additional personnel. All 
      of these seminars were conducted by experts from the 
      Marshals Service, Secret Service, U.S. Attorney's Office, 
      Diplomatic Security Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
      Firearms, and Explosives, and the Federal Bureau of 
      Investigation.

       GAnnounced plans for a new National Center for 
      Judicial Security (NCJS). It will be operated, staffed and 
      managed by the Judicial Security Division and will provide 
      a wide range of services and support to Federal, State, 
      local, and international jurisdictions whenever they seek 
      advice and help with judicial security.
    The Federal Protective Service (FPS), within the Department 
of Homeland Security (DHS), has overall responsibility for 
security in multi-tenant Federal buildings managed by the 
General Services Administration (GSA). When those buildings 
include court facilities, USMS and FPS share security 
responsibilities, authorized by a series of memoranda of 
agreement between GSA and DOJ. When the court is the sole 
tenant in a GSA-managed building, USMS has primary 
responsibility for security, although FPS may provide some 
support for the perimeter security, or may delegate that 
responsibility to USMS. How the responsibilities are shared 
varies on a case-by-case basis depending on the differing 
requirements of tenants, functions, and locations of the 
occupied space.\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\These shared responsibilities and jurisdictions at individual 
court-occupied buildings are further determined by agreement (sometimes 
in writing), and coordinated to avoid duplication. Generally, USMS is 
responsible for and controls judicial space and access to it, while FPS 
is primarily responsible for perimeter security and for other interior 
space that is not court-related space. FPS conducts risk assessment of 
multi-tenant buildings to deter threats and take countermeasures. 
Uniformed FPS officers and hired contract guards (similar to CSOs) 
protect the buildings, their assets, and investigate crime at the 
facilities. Other than perimeter responsibilities, FPS duties may 
include visitor entry processing, roving patrols, garage access 
control, and mail and package screening.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    To protect the judiciary, the principal entities must 
communicate and coordinate at the national and district levels. 
At the national level, the Judicial Conference's Committee on 
Judicial Security coordinates security issues involving the 
Federal courts with USMS, DOJ, and DHS. According to USMS, the 
Marshals Service works with AOUSC Office of Court Security and 
the Office of Facilities and Security on a daily basis, and the 
Committee on Judicial Security also consults and coordinates 
with them regarding national and district-level security 
matters. At semi-annual meetings, the Committee on Judicial 
Security and USMS senior management discuss security, legal, 
and budget issues. USMS and AOUSC also hold several working 
sessions prior to quarterly review meetings with the AOUSC 
associate director. Issues discussed at the meetings include 
purchase and installation of security systems, CSO staffing, 
and budget matters.
    At the local level, United States Marshals routinely meet 
with the district chief judge at court security committee 
meetings comprising representatives from the magistrate, 
district, and bankruptcy courts (which may also include circuit 
judges and United States Attorneys) to review and implement 
security plans. In addition, AOUSC and USMS consult on security 
considerations (e.g., design and installation of security 
systems) in the construction of new or renovated courthouses.
    There have been concerns over the years, however, about 
adequate staffing, threat assessment capabilities, and 
consultation between USMS and AOUSC to protect the judiciary. 
The DOJ inspector general issued a report in 2004 recommending 
that USMS, among other things: (1) ensure that all threats to 
the judiciary are assessed within established time frames; (2) 
update its historical threat database; (3) assign full-time 
representatives to all FBI field offices and ensure effective 
liaison with intelligence agencies; and (4) create a 
centralized capability to identify, collect, analyze, and share 
intelligence with USMS districts and other offices.
    Similar concerns were raised at congressional hearings held 
in 2005 and 2007. For example, the House and Senate 
Appropriations Subcommittees on Financial Services and General 
Government received testimony on March 21, 2007 from Judge 
Julia S. Gibbons, Chair of the Judicial Conference's Committee 
on the Budget. Judge Gibbons called for greater attention to 
the quality of FPS security services to protect court 
facilities. H.R. 660 was introduced in response to these 
various concerns and as a means of helping to prevent future 
acts of violence.

                                Hearings

    The Committee's Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and 
Homeland Security held 1 day of hearings on H.R. 660 on May 3, 
2007. Testimony was received from Robert M. Bell, Chief Judge, 
Maryland Court of Appeals; John F. Clark, United States Marshal 
for the Eastern District of Virginia, United States Department 
of Justice; and David Bryan Sentelle, Judge, United States 
District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, and 
Chair, Judicial Conference's Committee on Judicial Security.

                        Committee Consideration

    On June 7, 2007, the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and 
Homeland Security met in open session and ordered the bill H.R. 
660 favorably reported without an amendment by voice vote, a 
quorum being present. On June 13, 2007, the Committee met in 
open session and ordered the bill H.R. 660 favorably reported 
with an amendment, by voice vote, a quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    In compliance with clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that there 
were no recorded votes during the Committee's consideration of 
H.R. 660.

                      Committee Oversight Findings

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee advises that the 
findings and recommendations of the Committee, based on 
oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the 
descriptive portions of this report.

               New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives is inapplicable because this legislation does 
not provide new budgetary authority or increased tax 
expenditures.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee sets forth, with 
respect to the bill, H.R. 660, the following estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                     Washington, DC, June 22, 2007.
Hon. John Conyers, Jr., Chairman,
Committee on the Judiciary,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    The Congressional Budget Office has prepared the enclosed 
cost estimate for H.R. 660, the Court Security Improvement Act 
of 2007.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Daniel 
Hoople, who can be reached at 226-2860.
            Sincerely,
                                           Peter R. Orszag,
                                                  Director.

Enclosure

cc:
        Honorable Lamar S. Smith.
        Ranking Member
H.R. 660--Court Security Improvement Act of 2007.

                                SUMMARY

    H.R. 660 would authorize the appropriation of $200 million 
over the 2008-2012 period to provide additional staff to the 
U.S. Marshals Service and to provide grants to State and local 
governments to improve court security and protect victims and 
witnesses. The legislation also would authorize the 
appropriation of $100 million over the 2008-2011 period to make 
grants to States to assess domestic terrorism and crime and $50 
million over the 2008-2012 period for Fugitive Apprehension 
Task Forces. Moreover, the bill would increase the maximum 
sentences for certain crimes and would extend provisions of law 
preventing the release of financial information if disclosure 
could endanger Federal judges or their families. CBO estimates 
that implementing H.R. 660 would cost $35 million in 2008 and 
$286 million over the 2008-2012 period, subject to the 
appropriation of the necessary and specified amounts.
    The bill also would direct the Administrative Office of the 
United States Courts (AOUSC) to pay increases in the cost of 
life insurance premiums that were implemented after 1999 for 
certain judges. CBO estimates that enacting this provision 
would increase direct spending by $1 million over the 2008-2017 
period. Other provisions would have no significant net effect 
on direct spending or revenues.
    H.R. 660 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA); 
any costs to State, local, or tribal governments would be 
incurred voluntarily as a condition of receiving Federal 
assistance.

                ESTIMATED COST TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

    The estimated budgetary impact of H.R. 660 is shown in the 
following table. The cost of this legislation falls within 
budget function 750 (administration of justice).

                 By Fiscal Year, in Millions of Dollars
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2008   2009   2010   2011   2012
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CHANGES IN SPENDING SUBJECT TO APPROPRIATION\1\
Threat Assessment Database Grants
  Estimated Authorization Level           25     25     25     25      0
  Estimated Outlays                        6     13     18     22     20

Grants to Witness and Victim
 Protection Programs
  Authorization Level                     20     20     20     20     20
  Estimated Outlays                        2      8     13     17     20

U.S. Marshals Service
  Authorization Level                     20     20     20     20     20
  Estimated Outlays                       18     20     20     20     20

Fugitive Apprehension Task Forces
  Estimated Authorization Level           10     10     10     10     10
  Estimated Outlays                        9     10     10     10     10

  Total Changes
    Estimated Authorization Level         75     75     75     75     50
    Estimated Outlays                     35     51     61     69     70
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. In addition to the amounts shown above, enacting H.R. 660 also would
  affect revenues and direct spending. CBO estimates that any such
  effects would not be significant in any year and would increase direct
  spending by about $1 million over the 2008-2017 period.

                           BASIS OF ESTIMATE

    For this estimate, CBO assumes that the bill will be 
enacted in fiscal year 2007, that the amounts authorized by the 
bill will be appropriated for each year, and that spending will 
follow historical patterns for current and similar programs.
Spending Subject to Appropriation
    CBO estimates that implementing H.R. 660 would cost $286 
million over the 2008-2012 period, assuming appropriation of 
amounts authorized and estimated to be necessary.
    Threat Assessment Database Grants. Section 303 would 
authorize the appropriation of such sums as may be necessary 
over the 2008-2011 period for the Attorney General to provide 
grants to States to assess domestic terrorism and crime. State 
recipients would use the funds to analyze trends in historical 
data, project the likelihood of future acts of terrorism and 
crime, and develop steps to reduce the chance that such events 
will occur. Based on the cost of similar information sharing 
and technology initiatives, we expect that DOJ would award each 
State about $500,000 a year for staff and data analysis tools. 
Assuming appropriation of the necessary amounts, CBO estimates 
that implementing this provision would cost $79 million over 
the 2008-2012 period.
    Grants to Witness and Victim Protection Programs and Court 
Security. Section 301 would authorize the appropriation of an 
additional $20 million annually over the 2008-2012 period to 
make Community-Based Justice Grants for Prosecutors. Funds 
would be used to make grants for witness and victim protection 
programs. Assuming the appropriation of the specified amounts, 
CBO estimates that implementing this provision would cost $60 
million over the 2008-2012 period.
    In addition, section 302 would authorize the Bureau of 
Justice Assistance to make grants to improve the security of 
State and local courts. The bill would reduce funding for 
grants made to programs that offer alternatives to traditional 
incarceration by 10 percent to fund this new activity. Thus, 
CBO estimates that implementing this provision would have no 
net cost over the next five years.
    U.S. Marshals Service. Section 104 would authorize the 
appropriation of $20 million annually over the 2008-2013 period 
for the U.S. Marshals Service to provide additional protection 
for the judiciary. The agency would use such funds to hire 
additional Deputy Marshals, investigators, and intelligence 
officers. Assuming the appropriation of the specified amounts, 
CBO estimates that implementing this provision would cost $98 
million over the 2008-2012 period.
    Section 103 would authorize the U.S. Marshals Service to 
provide security for the U.S. Tax Court. Under current law, 
such protection cannot be provided, although temporary security 
has been available upon request. Based on information from U.S. 
Marshals, CBO expects that additional protection provided to 
the U.S. Tax Court under this bill would not require a 
significant increase in staff. Thus, CBO estimates that 
implementing this provision would have a minor impact, subject 
to the availability of appropriated funds.
    Fugitive Apprehension Task Forces. Section 507 would 
authorize the appropriation of $10 million a year over the 
2008-2012 period for Fugitive Apprehension Task Forces. In 
2007, six regional task forces received about $28 million to 
coordinate Federal, State, and local law enforcement officials 
for the location and apprehension of fugitives. Assuming the 
appropriation of the specified funds, CBO estimates that 
implementing this provision would cost $49 million over the 
2008-2012 period.
    Federal Prison System. Title II would make it a separate 
crime to knowingly file a false claim against a Federal judge, 
law enforcement officer, or family member on account of 
performance of duties. It also would make it a crime to make 
restricted information about Federal judges, jurors, paid 
informants, witnesses, court and public safety officers, or 
their families publicly available. Under current law, such 
actions may be prosecuted under other Federal statutes in 
certain cases. Title II also would increase the maximum 
sentences for manslaughter without malice, as well as certain 
existing crimes against witnesses, victims, public officials, 
and informants. CBO estimates that the longer prison sentences 
required under the bill would not have a significant impact on 
prison populations and thus would not impose any significant 
costs over the 2008-2012 period.
    Other Provisions Affecting Federal Judges. Section 102 
would permanently extend provisions which prevent public access 
to certain financial information, if such disclosure could 
endanger a Federal judge or a family member. Under current law, 
those provisions are set to expire at the end of 2009. 
According to the AOUSC, the agency exercises this authority 
rarely and CBO estimates that any additional reporting 
requirements would therefore be minimal and would have no 
significant cost.
    In addition, section 502 would direct AOUSC to pay for 
increases in the cost of Federal Employees' Group Life 
Insurance (FEGLI) implemented by the Office of Personnel 
Management after April 1999 for magistrates and territorial 
district court judges. Such payments are currently made for all 
Article III judges as well as judges of the Court of Federal 
Claims. Based on information from the AOUSC, CBO estimates that 
additional costs related to the payment of FEGLI increases 
would have no significant cost over the 2008-2012 period.
Direct Spending and Receipts
    H.R. 660 would subject individuals to penalties for various 
crimes against judges, public safety officers, and their 
families. Thus, the Federal government might collect additional 
fines if the bill is enacted. Collections of criminal fines are 
deposited in the Crime Victims Fund and later spent. As such, 
CBO expects that any additional revenues and direct spending 
would have no net effect on the Federal budget.
    In addition, section 502 would direct AOUSC to pay 
increases in FEGLI implemented after April 1999 for bankruptcy 
judges. Any increase to the salaries and benefits of bankruptcy 
judges is considered to be a change in direct spending. Thus, 
the additional cost of life insurance premiums for bankruptcy 
judges would result in an increase in direct spending. Based on 
information from AOUSC, CBO estimates that any increase in 
direct spending from enacting this provision would be 
insignificant in each year and would total about $1 million 
over the 2008-2017 period.

              INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE-SECTOR IMPACT

    H.R. 660 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined UMRA. It would authorize $200 million for 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012 for grants to States to increase 
security of their court systems and make other safety 
improvements. Any costs to those governments would be incurred 
voluntarily as a condition of receiving Federal assistance.
    The bill also would allow States, when issuing licenses 
compliant with the REAL ID Act, to use alternative addresses on 
the licenses of Supreme Court or other Federal justices.

                         PREVIOUS CBO ESTIMATE

    On March 23, 2007, CBO transmitted a cost estimate for S. 
378, the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007, as ordered 
reported by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on March 1, 
2007. H.R. 660 differs from S. 378 in a number of ways. H.R. 
660 would authorize $150 million over the 2008-2012 period for 
grants to States to develop threat assessment databases and for 
Fugitive Apprehension Task Forces. S. 378 contains no 
authorization for those activities. In addition, S. 378 would 
reauthorize the Office of Government Ethics through 2011 at an 
estimated cost of $49 million; no similar provision is 
contained in H.R. 660. In total, CBO's estimate of 
discretionary spending for H.R. 660 is $107 million higher than 
our estimate for S. 378. There is no difference in our 
estimates of direct spending and revenues for the two bills.

                         ESTIMATE PREPARED BY:

Federal Costs: Daniel Hoople (226-2860)
Impact on State, Local, and Tribal Governments: Melissa Merrell 
    (225-3220)
Impact on the Private Sector: Paige Piper/Bach (226-2940)

                         ESTIMATE APPROVED BY:

Peter H. Fontaine
Deputy Assistant Director for Budget Analysis

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    The Committee states that pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of 
rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
goal of H.R. 660 is to improve judicial security for court 
officers and safeguard judges and their families while at home.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds the authority for 
this legislation in article I, section 8 of the Constitution.

                          Advisory on Earmarks

    In accordance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, H.R. 660 does not contain any 
congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff 
benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e), or 9(f) of rule XXI.

                      Section-by-Section Analysis

    The following discussion describes the bill as reported by 
the Committee.
    Sec. 1. Short Title. Section 1 sets forth the short title 
of the bill as the ``Court Security Improvement Act of 2007.''
    Sec. 101. Judicial Branch Security Requirements. Section 
101 requires the Director of the United States Marshals Service 
to consult with the Judicial Conference regarding the security 
requirements for the judicial branch, in order to improve the 
implementation of security measures by the United States 
Marshals needed to protect judges, court employees, law 
enforcement officers, jurors and other members of the public 
who are regularly in Federal courthouses. This section 
clarifies that the United States Marshals Service has the sole 
responsibility to determine what measures are needed for court 
security, and requires the United States Marshals to 
communicate with the Judicial branch in determining what 
specific security measures are needed, and what resources are 
being allocated and what steps are being taken to protect the 
judiciary.
    Sec. 102. Financial Disclosure Reports. Section 102 
eliminates the current sunset under section 105 of the Ethics 
in Government Act, thereby making the authority of Federal 
judges to redact sensitive financial information permanent.
    Sec. 103. Protection of United States Tax Court. Section 
103 authorizes the United States Marshals to provide for the 
security of the Tax Court if criminal intimidation impedes the 
functioning of the judicial process or other official 
proceeding
    Sec. 104. Additional Amounts for United States Marshals 
Service to Protect the Judiciary. Section 104 authorizes an 
additional $20 million for each of fiscal year 2008 through 
2013 for the United States Marshals Service in order to hire 
additional personnel needed to expand and improve security 
measures for the Federal judiciary.
    Sec. 201. Protections Against Malicious Recording of 
Fictitious Liens Against Federal Judges and Federal Law 
Enforcement Officers. Section 201 creates a new Federal 
criminal offense for the filing of fictitious liens against 
real or personal property owned by Federal judges, attorneys 
and employees. An individual who violates this provision may be 
fined and subject to imprisonment up to 10 years. Section 201 
is intended to penalize individuals who seek to intimidate and 
harass Federal judges and employees by filing false liens 
against their real and personal property.
    Sec. 202. Protection of Individuals Performing Certain 
Official Duties. Section 202 creates a new Federal criminal 
offense prohibiting persons from making available on the 
Internet restricted personal information concerning judges, law 
enforcement, public safety officers, jurors, witnesses or other 
officers in any United States court. An individual who violates 
this provision may be fined and subject to imprisonment up to 5 
years.
    Sec. 203. Prohibition of Possession of Dangerous Weapons in 
Federal Court Facilities. Section 203 amends section 930(e)(1) 
of title 18 of the United States Code to prohibit the 
possession of ``a dangerous weapon'' in a Federal court 
facility.
    Sec. 204. Clarification of Venue for Retaliating Against a 
Witness. Section 204 amends section 1513 of title 18 of the 
United States Code to clarify that the proper venue for the 
prosecution of a defendant for retaliating against a witness 
includes the district in which the official proceeding or 
conduct occurred.
    Sec. 205. Modification of Tampering with a Witness, Victim, 
or an Informant Offense. Section 205 amends section 1512 of 
title 18 of the United States Code to increase the maximum 
penalties for killing or attempting to kill a witness, victim 
or informant to obstruct justice
    Sec. 206. Modification of Retaliation Offense. Section 206 
amends section 1513 of title 18 of the United States Code to 
increase the maximum penalties for killing or attempting to 
kill a witness, victim or informant in retaliation for their 
testifying or providing information to law enforcement.
    Sec. 207. General Modifications of Federal Murder Crime and 
Related Crimes. Section 207 amends the Federal murder and 
manslaughter statutes to include a maximum of 20 years 
imprisonment for voluntary manslaughter, and 10 years 
imprisonment for involuntary manslaughter.
    Sec. 208. Assault Penalties. Section 208 amends section 115 
of title 18 of the United States Code to increase the maximum 
criminal penalties for an assault carried out against a Federal 
judge, law enforcement officer, or immediate family member of 
such official.
    Sec. 209. Direction to the Sentencing Commission. Section 
209 directs the United States Sentencing Commission to review 
the Sentencing Guidelines as they apply to threats carried out 
over the Internet, and to make enhancements where necessary.
    Sec. 301. Grants to States to Protect Witnesses and Victims 
of Crimes. Section 301 amends the Violent Crime Control and Law 
Enforcement Act of 1994 to authorize grants to create and 
expand witness protection programs to assist witnesses and 
victims of crime. The authorized funding is $20 million for 
each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012.
    Sec. 302. Eligibility of State Courts for Certain Federal 
Grants. Section 302 amends the eligibility requirements for 
discretionary Byrne grants to make State courts eligible for 
such grants.
    Sec. 303. Grants to States for Threat Assessment Databases. 
Section 303 requires the Attorney General, through the Office 
of Justice Programs, to award grants to State courts for 
purposes of establishing and maintaining threat assessment 
databases. The provision authorizes funding to be appropriated 
as may be necessary to implement this provision for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2011.
    Sec. 401. Report on Security of Federal Prosecutors. 
Section 401 requires the Attorney General to submit a report to 
the House and Senate Judiciary Committees on the security of 
Assistant United States Attorneys and other Federal attorneys 
arising from the prosecution of terrorists and other criminal 
cases.
    Sec. 501. Expanded Procurement Authority for the United 
States Sentencing Commission. Section 501 authorizes the 
Sentencing Commission to enter into multi-year contracts for 
the acquisition of property or services, or contracts that span 
more than 1 year, to the same extent as executive agencies. It 
also authorizes the Commission to make advance, partial, 
progress, or other payments for property or services to the 
same extent as executive agencies
    Sec. 502. Bankruptcy, Magistrate and Territorial Judges 
Life Insurance. Section 502 enables bankruptcy, magistrate, and 
territorial court judges to receive the same life insurance 
benefits that are provided to other Federal judges pursuant to 
section 604(a)(5) of title 28 of the United States Code.
    Sec. 503. Assignment of Judges. Section 503 amends section 
296 of title 28 of the United States Code to expressly grant a 
senior judge or justice designated to the court on which he or 
she traditionally served all the powers of a judge or justice 
of that court, including participation in the appointment of 
court officers, rulemaking, governance and administrative 
matters.
    Sec. 504. Senior Judge Participation in the Selection of 
Magistrates. Section 504 amends section 631(a) of title 28 of 
the United States Code to allow senior judges to participate in 
the selection of magistrates.
    Sec. 505. Guaranteeing Compliance With Prisoner Payment 
Commitments. Section 505 amends section 3624(e) of title 18 of 
the United States Code to clarify that a former prisoner's 
obligation to pay any fine imposed for an offense committed by 
such prisoner, while under supervised release.
    Sec. 506. Study and Report. Section 506 directs the 
Attorney General to study whether the public's general access 
to State and local records imperils the safety of the Federal 
judiciary.
    Sec. 507. Reauthorization of Fugitive Apprehension Task 
Forces. Section 507 extends for 4 years the sunset applicable 
to the Attorney General's establishment and use of Fugitive 
Apprehension Task Forces which were originally created pursuant 
to the Presidential Threat Protection Act of 2000.
    Sec. 508. Increased Protection of Federal Judges. Section 
508 gives States the discretion to have the work address of a 
Federal judge appear on his or her driver's license in lieu of 
his or her place of residence.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

      In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made 
by the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change 
is proposed is shown in roman):

                      TITLE 28, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
PART I--ORGANIZATION OF COURTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 13--ASSIGNMENT OF JUDGES TO OTHER COURTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 296. Powers upon designation and assignment

    A justice or judge shall discharge, during the period of 
his designation and assignment, all judicial duties for which 
he is designated and assigned. He may be required to perform 
any duty which might be required of a judge of the court or 
district or circuit to which he is designated and assigned.
    Such justice or judge shall have all the powers of a judge 
of the court, circuit or district to which he is designated and 
assigned, except the power to appoint any person to a statutory 
position or to designate permanently a depository of funds or a 
newspaper for publication of legal notices. However, a judge 
who has retired from regular active service under section 
371(b) of this title, when designated and assigned to the court 
to which such judge was appointed, shall have all the powers of 
a judge of that court, including participation in appointment 
of court officers and magistrates, rulemaking, governance, and 
administrative matters.
    A justice or judge who has sat by designation and 
assignment in another district or circuit may, notwithstanding 
his absence from such district or circuit or the expiration of 
the period of his designation and assignment, decide or join in 
the decision and final disposition of all matters submitted to 
him during such period and in the consideration and disposition 
of applications for rehearing or further proceedings in such 
matters.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 15--CONFERENCES AND COUNCILS OF JUDGES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 331. Judicial conference of the United States

    The Chief Justice of the United States shall summon 
annually the chief judge of each judicial circuit, the chief 
judge of the Court of International Trade, and a district judge 
from each judicial circuit to a conference at such time and 
place in the United States as he may designate. He shall 
preside at such conference which shall be known as the Judicial 
Conference of the United States. Special sessions of the 
Conference may be called by the Chief Justice at such times and 
places as he may designate.
    The Judicial Conference shall consult with the Director of 
United States Marshals Service on a continuing basis regarding 
the security requirements for the judicial branch of the United 
States Government, to ensure that the views of the Judicial 
Conference regarding the security requirements for the judicial 
branch of the Federal Government are taken into account when 
determining staffing levels, setting priorities for programs 
regarding judicial security, and allocating judicial security 
resources. In this paragraph, the term judicial security 
includes the security of buildings housing the judiciary, the 
personal security of judicial officers, the assessment of 
threats made to judicial officers, and the protection of all 
other judicial personnel. The United States Marshals Service 
retains final authority regarding security requirements for the 
judicial branch of the Federal Government.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART II--DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 37--UNITED STATES MARSHALS SERVICE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 566. Powers and duties

    (a) It is the primary role and mission of the United States 
Marshals Service to provide for the security and to obey, 
execute, and enforce all orders of the United States District 
Courts, the United States Courts of Appeals [and the Court of 
International Trade], the Court of International Trade, and any 
other court, as provided by law.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (i) The Director of the United States Marshals Service 
shall consult with the Judicial Conference of the United States 
on a continuing basis regarding the security requirements for 
the judicial branch of the United States Government, to ensure 
that the views of the Judicial Conference regarding the 
security requirements for the judicial branch of the Federal 
Government are taken into account when determining staffing 
levels, setting priorities for programs regarding judicial 
security, and allocating judicial security resources. In this 
paragraph, the term ``judicial security'' includes the security 
of buildings housing the judiciary, the personal security of 
judicial officers, the assessment of threats made to judicial 
officers, and the protection of all other judicial personnel. 
The United States Marshals Service retains final authority 
regarding security requirements for the judicial branch of the 
Federal Government.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART III--COURT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 41--ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF UNITED STATES COURTS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 604. Duties of Director generally

    (a) The Director shall be the administrative officer of the 
courts, and under the supervision and direction of the Judicial 
Conference of the United States, shall:
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (5) Fix the compensation of clerks of court, 
        deputies, librarians, criers, messengers, law clerks, 
        secretaries, stenographers, clerical assistants, and 
        other employees of the courts whose compensation is not 
        otherwise fixed by law, and, notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, pay on behalf of Justices and judges 
        of the United States appointed to hold office during 
        good behavior, bankruptcy judges appointed under 
        section 152 of this title, magistrate judges appointed 
        under section 631 of this title, and territorial 
        district court judges appointed under section 24 of the 
        Organic Act of Guam (48 U.S.C. 1424b), section 1(b) of 
        the Act of November 8, 1877 (48 U.S.C. 1821), or 
        section 24(a) of the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin 
        Islands (48 U.S.C. 1614(a)), aged 65 or over, any 
        increases in the cost of Federal Employees' Group Life 
        Insurance imposed after April 24, 1999, including any 
        expenses generated by such payments, as authorized by 
        the Judicial Conference of the United States;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 43--UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 631. Appointment and tenure

    (a) The judges of each United States district court and the 
district courts of the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the [Northern 
Mariana Islands] Northern Mariana Islands (including any judge 
in regular active service and any judge who has retired from 
regular active service under section 371(b) of this title, when 
designated and assigned to the court to which such judge was 
appointed) shall appoint United States magistrate judges in 
such numbers and to serve at such locations within the judicial 
districts as the Judicial Conference may determine under this 
chapter. In the case of a magistrate judge appointed by the 
district court of the Virgin Islands, Guam, or the Northern 
Mariana Islands, this chapter shall apply as though the court 
appointing such a magistrate judge were a United States 
district court. Where there is more than one judge of a 
district court, the appointment, whether an original 
appointment or a reappointment, shall be by the concurrence of 
a majority of all the judges of such district court, and when 
there is no such concurrence, then by the chief judge. Where 
the conference deems it desirable, a magistrate judge may be 
designated to serve in one or more districts adjoining the 
district for which he is appointed. Such a designation shall be 
made by the concurrence of a majority of the judges of each of 
the district courts involved and shall specify the duties to be 
performed by the magistrate judge in the adjoining district or 
districts.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 58--UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 995. Powers of the commission

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (f) The Commission may--
            (1) use available funds to enter into contracts for 
        the acquisition of severable services for a period that 
        begins in 1 fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal 
        year, to the same extent as executive agencies may 
        enter into such contracts under the authority of 
        section 303L of the Federal Property and Administrative 
        Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253l);
            (2) enter into multi-year contracts for the 
        acquisition of property or services to the same extent 
        as executive agencies may enter into such contracts 
        under the authority of section 304B of the Federal 
        Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 
        U.S.C. 254c); and
            (3) make advance, partial, progress, or other 
        payments under contracts for property or services to 
        the same extent as executive agencies may make such 
        payments under the authority of section 305 of the 
        Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 
        1949 (41 U.S.C. 255).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


                    ETHICS IN GOVERNMENT ACT OF 1978



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS OF FEDERAL PERSONNEL

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                CUSTODY OF AND PUBLIC ACCESS TO REPORTS

    Sec. 105. (a) * * *
    (b)(1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (3)(A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(E) This paragraph shall expire on December 31, 2009, and 
apply to filings through calendar year 2009.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


           SECTION 7456 OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986

SEC. 7456. ADMINISTRATION OF OATHS AND PROCUREMENT OF TESTIMONY.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Incidental Powers.--The Tax Court and each division 
thereof shall have power to punish by fine or imprisonment, at 
its discretion, such contempt of its authority, and none other, 
as--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

It shall have such assistance in the carrying out of its lawful 
writ, process, order, rule, decree, or command as is available 
to a court of the United States. The United States marshal for 
any district in which the Tax Court is sitting shall, when 
requested by the chief judge of the Tax Court, attend any 
session of the Tax Court in such district[.] and may otherwise 
provide for the security of the Tax Court, including the 
personal protection of Tax Court judges, court officers, 
witnesses, and other threatened person in the interests of 
justice, where criminal intimidation impedes on the functioning 
of the judicial process or any other official proceeding.
                              ----------                              


                      TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
PART I--CRIMES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                           CHAPTER 7--ASSAULT

Sec.
111.    Assaulting, resisting, or impeding certain officers or 
          employees.
     * * * * * * *
119.    Protection of individuals performing certain official duties.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 115. Influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal 
                    official by threatening or injuring a family member

    (a) * * *
    (b)[(1) An assault in violation of this section shall be 
punished as provided in section 111 of this title.] (1) The 
punishment for an assault in violation of this section is a 
fine under this title and--
            (A) if the assault consists of a simple assault, a 
        term of imprisonment for not more than one year, or 
        both;
            (B) if the assault resulted in bodily injury (as 
        defined in section 1365), a term of imprisonment for 
        not more than 10 years;
            (C) if the assault resulted in serious bodily 
        injury (as defined in section 1365), a term of 
        imprisonment for not more than 15 years; or
            (D) if a dangerous weapon was used during and in 
        relation to the offense, a term of imprisonment for not 
        more than 30 years.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 119. Protection of individuals performing certain official duties

    (a) In General.--Whoever knowingly makes restricted 
personal information about a covered official, or a member of 
the immediate family of that covered official, publicly 
available--
            (1) with the intent to threaten, intimidate, or 
        incite the commission of a crime of violence against 
        that covered official, or a member of the immediate 
        family of that covered official; or
            (2) with the intent and knowledge that the 
        restricted personal information will be used to 
        threaten, intimidate, or facilitate the commission of a 
        crime of violence against that covered official, or a 
        member of the immediate family of that covered 
        official,
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 
years, or both.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``restricted personal information'' 
        means, with respect to an individual, the Social 
        Security number, the home address, home phone number, 
        mobile phone number, personal email, or home fax number 
        of, and identifiable to, that individual;
            (2) the term ``covered official'' means--
                    (A) an individual designated in section 
                1114;
                    (B) a grand or petit juror, witness, or 
                other officer in or of, any court of the United 
                States, or an officer who may be serving at any 
                examination or other proceeding before any 
                United States magistrate judge or other 
                committing magistrate;
                    (C) a public safety officer (as that term 
                is defined in section 1204 of the Omnibus Crime 
                Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968) who is 
                employed by a public agency that receives 
                Federal financial assistance; and
                    (D) a paid informant or any witness in a 
                Federal criminal investigation or prosecution 
                or in a State criminal investigation or 
                prosecution of an offense that is in or affects 
                interstate or foreign commerce;
            (3) the term ``crime of violence'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 16; and
            (4) the term ``immediate family'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 115(c)(2).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 44--FIREARMS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 930. Possession of firearms and dangerous weapons in Federal 
                    facilities

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), whoever 
knowingly possesses or causes to be present a firearm or other 
dangerous weapon in a Federal court facility, or attempts to do 
so, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 2 
years, or both.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 51--HOMICIDE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1112. Manslaughter

    (a) * * *
    (b) Within the special maritime and territorial 
jurisdiction of the [United States,] United States--
    [Whoever is guilty of voluntary manslaughter,]
            (1) subject to paragraph (3), whoever is guilty of 
        voluntary manslaughter shall be fined under this title 
        or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both;
    [Whoever is guilty of involuntary manslaughter,]
            (2) subject to paragraph (3), whoever is guilty of 
        involuntary manslaughter shall be fined under this 
        title or imprisoned not more than six years, or 
        both[.]; and
            (3) whoever is guilty of an offense under section 
        1114 or chapter 73 that involved a killing shall--
                    (A) in the case of voluntary manslaughter, 
                be fined under this title, imprisoned for not 
                more than 20 years, or both; and
                    (B) in the case of involuntary 
                manslaughter, be fined under this title, 
                imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                   CHAPTER 73--OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE

Sec.
1501.    Assault on process server.
     * * * * * * *
1521.    Retaliating against a Federal judge or Federal law enforcement 
          officer by false claim or slander of title.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1512. Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant

    (a)(1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (3) The punishment for an offense under this subsection 
is--
            [(A) in the case of murder (as defined in section 
        1111), the death penalty or imprisonment for life, and 
        in the case of any other killing, the punishment 
        provided in section 1112;]
            (A) in the case of a killing, the punishment 
        provided in sections 1111 and 1112;
            (B) in the case of--
                    (i) an attempt to murder; or
                    (ii) the use or attempted use of physical 
                force against any person;
        imprisonment for not more than [20 years] 30 years; and
            (C) in the case of the threat of use of physical 
        force against any person, imprisonment for not more 
        than [10 years] 20 years.
    (b) Whoever knowingly uses intimidation, threatens, or 
corruptly persuades another person, or attempts to do so, or 
engages in misleading conduct toward another person, with 
intent to--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 
[ten years] 20 years, or both.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (d) Whoever intentionally harasses another person and 
thereby hinders, delays, prevents, or dissuades any person 
from--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title or 
imprisoned not more than [one year] 3 years, or both.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1513. Retaliating against a witness, victim, or an informant

    (a)(1) Whoever kills or attempts to kill another person 
with intent to retaliate against any person for--
            (A) * * *
            (B) providing to a law enforcement officer any 
        information relating to the commission or possible 
        commission of a Federal offense or a violation of 
        conditions of probation, supervised release,[,] parole, 
        or release pending judicial proceedings,
shall be punished as provided in paragraph (2).
    (2) The punishment for an offense under this subsection 
is--
            (A) * * *
            (B) in the case of an attempt, imprisonment for not 
        more than [20 years] 30 years.
    (b) Whoever knowingly engages in any conduct and thereby 
causes bodily injury to another person or damages the tangible 
property of another person, or threatens to do so, with intent 
to retaliate against any person for--
            (1) * * *
            (2) any information relating to the commission or 
        possible commission of a Federal offense or a violation 
        of conditions of probation, supervised release,[,] 
        parole, or release pending judicial proceedings given 
        by a person to a law enforcement officer;
or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title or 
imprisoned not more than [ten years] 20 years, or both.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    [(e)] (f) Whoever conspires to commit any offense under 
this section shall be subject to the same penalties as those 
prescribed for the offense the commission of which was the 
object of the conspiracy.
    (g) A prosecution under this section may be brought in the 
district in which the official proceeding (whether pending, 
about to be instituted, or completed) was intended to be 
affected, or in which the conduct constituting the alleged 
offense occurred.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 1521. Retaliating against a Federal judge or Federal law 
                    enforcement officer by false claim or slander of 
                    title

     Whoever files, attempts to file, or conspires to file, in 
any public record or in any private record which is generally 
available to the public, any false lien or encumbrance against 
the real or personal property of an individual described in 
section 1114, on account of the performance of official duties 
by that individual, knowing or having reason to know that such 
lien or encumbrance is false or contains any materially false, 
fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation, shall be 
fined under this title or imprisoned for not more than 10 
years, or both.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PART II--CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 229--POSTSENTENCE ADMINISTRATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SUBCHAPTER C--IMPRISONMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 3624. Release of a prisoner

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (e) Supervision After Release.--A prisoner whose sentence 
includes a term of supervised release after imprisonment shall 
be released by the Bureau of Prisons to the supervision of a 
probation officer who shall, during the term imposed, supervise 
the person released to the degree warranted by the conditions 
specified by the sentencing court. The term of supervised 
release commences on the day the person is released from 
imprisonment and runs concurrently with any Federal, State, or 
local term of probation or supervised release or parole for 
another offense to which the person is subject or becomes 
subject during the term of supervised release. A term of 
supervised release does not run during any period in which the 
person is imprisoned in connection with a conviction for a 
Federal, State, or local crime unless the imprisonment is for a 
period of less than 30 consecutive days. [No prisoner shall be 
released on supervision unless such prisoner agrees to adhere 
to an installment schedule, not to exceed two years except in 
special circumstances, to pay for any fine imposed for the 
offense committed by such prisoner.] Upon the release of a 
prisoner by the Bureau of Prisons to supervised release, the 
Bureau of Prisons shall notify such prisoner, verbally and in 
writing, of the requirement that the prisoner adhere to an 
installment schedule, not to exceed two years except in special 
circumstances, to pay for any fine imposed for the offense 
committed by such prisoner, and of the consequences of failure 
to pay such fines under sections 3611 through 3614 of this 
title.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


         VIOLENT CRIME CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE III--CRIME PREVENTION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Subtitle Q--Community-Based Justice Grants for Prosecutors

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 31702. USE OF FUNDS.

    Grants made by the Attorney General under this section 
shall be used--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (3) to fund programs that coordinate criminal 
        justice resources with educational, social service, and 
        community resources to develop and deliver violence 
        prevention programs, including mediation and other 
        conflict resolution methods, treatment, counseling, 
        educational, and recreational programs that create 
        alternatives to criminal activity; [and]
            (4) in rural States (as defined in section 1501(b) 
        of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
        Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796bb(B)), to fund 
        cooperative efforts between State and local 
        prosecutors, victim advocacy and assistance groups, 
        social and community service providers, and law 
        enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute child 
        abuse cases, treat youthful victims of child abuse, and 
        work in cooperation with the community to develop 
        education and prevention strategies directed toward the 
        issues with which such entities are concerned[.]; and
            (5) by a State, unit of local government, or Indian 
        tribe to create and expand witness and victim 
        protection programs to prevent threats, intimidation, 
        and retaliation against victims of, and witnesses to, 
        violent crimes.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[SEC. 31707. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    [There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
subtitle--
            [(1) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;
            [(2) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;
            [(3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;
            [(4) $11,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and
            [(5) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.]

SEC. 31707. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for 
each of the fiscal years 2008 through 2012 to carry out this 
subtitle.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


           OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
TITLE I--JUSTICE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Part E--Bureau of Justice Assistance Grant Programs

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                    Subpart 2--Discretionary Grants

                  CHAPTER B--GRANTS TO PUBLIC AGENCIES

                      CORRECTIONAL OPTIONS GRANTS

    Sec. 515. (a) The Director, in consultation with the 
Director of the National Institute of Corrections, may make--
    (1) * * *
    (2) grants to private nonprofit organizations--
    (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

in connection with a correctional option (excluding the cost of 
construction); [and]
    (3) grants to public agencies to establish, operate, and 
support boot camp prisons[.]; and
    (4) grants to State courts to improve security for State 
and local court systems.
    (b) The selection of applicants to receive grants under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) shall be based on 
their potential for developing or testing various innovative 
alternatives to traditional modes of incarceration and offender 
release programs. In selecting the applicants to receive grants 
under subsection (a)(3), the Director shall--
            (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

Priority shall be given to State court applicants under 
subsection (a)(4) that have the greatest demonstrated need to 
provide security in order to administer justice.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


             ALLOCATION OF FUNDS; ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

    Sec. 516. (a) Of the total amount appropriated for this 
chapter in any fiscal year, [80] 70 percent shall be used to 
make grants under section 515(a)(1), 10 percent shall be used 
to make grants under section 515(a)(2), [and 10] 10 percent for 
section 515(a)(3), and 10 percent for section 515(a)(4).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


     PART Y--MATCHING GRANT PROGRAM FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ARMOR VESTS

SEC. 2501. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    (a) In General.--The Director of the Bureau of Justice 
Assistance is authorized to make grants to States, units of 
local government, and Indian tribes to purchase armor vests for 
use by State, local, and tribal law enforcement officers and 
State and local court officers.
    (b) Uses of Funds.--Grants awarded under this section shall 
be--
            (1) distributed directly to the State, unit of 
        local government, State or local court, or Indian 
        tribe; and
            (2) used for the purchase of armor vests for law 
        enforcement officers in the jurisdiction of the 
        grantee.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                              ----------                              


               PRESIDENTIAL THREAT PROTECTION ACT OF 2000



           *       *       *       *       *       *       *
SEC. 6. FUGITIVE APPREHENSION TASK FORCES.

    (a) * * *
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
to be appropriated to the Attorney General for the United 
States Marshals Service to carry out the provisions of this 
section $30,000,000 for the fiscal year 2001, $5,000,000 for 
fiscal year 2002, [and] $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2003, and 
$10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2008 through 2012.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                     Committee Jurisdiction Letters