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                                                       Calendar No. 265
110th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 1st Session                                                    110-128

======================================================================



 
     DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
                       APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2008
                                _______
                                

                 July 10, 2007.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

           Mr. Leahy, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                        [To accompany H.R. 2764]

    The Committee on Appropriations to which was referred the 
bill (H.R. 2764), making appropriations for the Department of 
State, foreign operations, and related programs for the fiscal 
year ending September 30, 2008, and for other purposes, reports 
the same to the Senate with an amendment, and recommends that 
the bill as amended do pass.



Amounts in new budget authority

Total of bill as reported to the Senate................. $34,401,900,000
Amount of 2007 appropriations...........................  37,127,661,000
Amount of 2008 budget estimate..........................  35,102,620,000
Amount of House allowance...............................  34,401,900,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
    2007 appropriations.................................  -2,725,761,000
    2008 budget estimate................................    -700,720,000
    House allowance.....................................................



                               CONTENTS

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Glossary of Terms................................................     4
Introduction.....................................................     6
    Summary of Estimates.........................................     6
    Transparency in Congressional Directives.....................     6
Title I:
    Department of State and Related Agency:
        Diplomatic and Consular Programs.........................     8
        Capital Investment Fund..................................    12
        Office of Inspector General..............................    12
        Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs...............    12
        Representation Allowances................................    16
        Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.............    16
        Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance..........    16
        Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service.......    18
        Repatriation Loans Program Account.......................    18
        Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan..............    18
        Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability 
          Fund...................................................    18
        Contributions to International Organizations.............    19
        Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities..    19
        International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
          States and Mexico......................................    20
        Construction.............................................    20
        American Sections, International Commissions.............    21
        International Fisheries Commission.......................    21
        Payment to the Asia Foundation...........................    22
        Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund....    22
        Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund........    22
        Israeli Arab Scholarship Program.........................    22
        East-West Center.........................................    23
        National Endowment for Democracy.........................    23
        Broadcasting Board of Governors, International 
          Broadcasting Operations................................    23
        Broadcasting Capital Improvements........................    24
        Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage 
          Abroad.................................................    24
        Commission on International Religious Freedom............    25
        Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.........    25
        Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's 
          Republic of China......................................    25
        United States-China Economic and Security Review 
          Commission.............................................    25
        United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group......    26
        United States Institute of Peace.........................    26
Title II:
    Export and Investment Assistance:
        Export-Import Bank of the United States..................    27
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation..................    27
        Trade and Development Agency.............................    28
Title III:
    Bilateral Economic Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President......................    29
        Global Health Programs...................................    29
        Development Assistance...................................    35
        International Disaster Assistance........................    43
        Transition Initiatives...................................    44
        Development Credit Authority.............................    44
        Operating Expenses of the United States Agency for 
          International Development..............................    44
        Capital Investment Fund..................................    44
        Operating Expenses of the Office of the Inspector General    44
        Other Bilateral Economic Assistance:
            Economic Support Fund................................    45
            Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States..    50
            Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
              Soviet Union.......................................    51
        Independent Agencies:
            Inter-American Foundation............................    52
            African Development Foundation.......................    52
            Peace Corps..........................................    53
            Millennium Challenge Corporation.....................    53
        Department of State:
            Global HIV/AIDS Initiative...........................    54
            Democracy Fund.......................................    54
            International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..    56
            Andean Programs......................................    57
            Migration and Refugee Assistance.....................    63
            United States Emergency Refugee and Migration 
              Assistance Fund....................................    63
            Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related 
              Programs...........................................    63
        Department of the Treasury:
            International Affairs Technical Assistance...........    64
            Debt Restructing.....................................    65
Title IV:
    Military Assistance:
        International Military Education and Training............    66
        Foreign Military Financing Program.......................    66
        Peacekeeping Operations..................................    67
Title V:
    Multilateral Economic Assistance:
        International Financial Institutions Summary.............    69
            Global Environment Facility..........................    69
            Contribution to the International Development 
              Association........................................    69
            Contribution to the Enterprise for the Americas 
              Multilateral Investment Fund.......................    70
            Contribution to the Asian Development Fund...........    70
            Contribution to the African Development Bank.........    70
            Limitation on Callable Capital Subscriptions.........    70
            Contribution to the African Development Fund.........    70
            Contribution to the European Bank for Reconstruction 
              and Development....................................    70
            Contribution to the International Fund for 
              Agricultural Development...........................    70
            International Organizations and Programs.............    70
General Provisions--Titles II-V..................................    72
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Sen- 
  ate............................................................    75
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................    76
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the 
  Senate.........................................................    77
Budget Impact Statement..........................................    85

                           GLOSSARY OF TERMS

    ABA--American Bar Association
    AP--Andean Programs
    ADF--African Development Foundation
    ASHA--American Schools and Hospitals Abroad
    CEELI--Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative
    CGIAR--Consultative Group on International Agricultural 
Research
    CIPA--Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities
    CRSP--Collaborative Research Support Program
    DA--Development Assistance
    DF--Democracy Fund
    DFA--Director for Foreign Assistance
    DRL--Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights 
and Labor
    DRC--Democratic Republic of the Congo
    ERMA--Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund
    ESF--Economic Support Fund
    FAA--Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
    FAO--Food and Agriculture Organization
    FMF--Foreign Military Financing
    FSA--Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
Soviet Union
    GAO--Government Accountability Office
    GAVI--Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
    GEF--Global Environmental Facility
    GHI--Global HIV/AIDS Initiative
    GHP--Global Health Programs
    HRDF--Human Rights and Democracy Fund
    IAF--Inter-American Foundation
    IBO--International Broadcasting Operations
    IDA--International Disaster Assistance
    IDP--Internally Displaced Person
    IFAD--International Fund for Agricultural Development
    IFI--International Financial Institution
    ILEA--International Law Enforcement Training Academies
    IMET--International Military Education and Training
    INCLE--International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
    IO&P--International; Organization and Programs
    LWVF--Patrick Leahy War Victims Fund
    MCC--Millennium Challenge Corporation
    MEPI--Middle East Partnership Initiative
    MRA--Migration and Refugee Assistance
    MTN--Middle East Television Network
    NADR--Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining, and 
Related Programs
    NED--National Endowment for Democracy
    NGO--Nongovernmental organization
    OAS--Organization of American States
    OBO--Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations
    OPIC--Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    PKO--Peacekeeping Operations
    RFA--Radio Free Asia
    RFE/RL--Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
    SEED--Assistance for Eastern European and Baltic States
    TB--Tuberculosis
    TDA--Trade and Development Agency
    TI--Transition Initiatives
    U.N.--United Nations
    UNAIDS--Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
    UNICEF--United Nations Children's Fund
    UNIFEM--United Nations Development Fund for Women
    USAID--United States Agency for International Development
    USIP--United States Institute for Peace
    VOA--Voice of America
    WFP--World Food Program
    WHO--World Health Organization
    WTO--World Trade Organization

                              INTRODUCTION

                                 SUMMARY TABLE: AMOUNTS IN NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Committee
                                                                                                 recommendation
                                                                                Committee        compared with
                          Item                             Budget request     recommendation    budget estimate
                                                                                                increase (+) or
                                                                                                  decrease (-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Department of State and Related Agency........    $10,723,857,000    $10,683,661,000       -$40,196,000
Title II--Export and investment assistance.............  -108,100,000

       FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS

                                TITLE II

                    EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

                Export-Import Bank of the United States

                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2007....................................        $990,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................       1,000,000
House allowance.........................................       1,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,000,000

                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $26,382,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      68,000,000
House allowance.........................................      68,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      68,000,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $72,468,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      78,000,000
House allowance.........................................      78,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      78,000,000

    The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for the Inspector 
General, $78,000,000 for Administrative Expenses for the 
Export-Import Bank, and $68,000,000 for the subsidy 
appropriation.

                Overseas Private Investment Corporation


                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

                              DIRECT LOANS

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $20,073,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      29,000,000
House allowance.........................................      20,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      21,000,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $41,851,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      47,500,000
House allowance.........................................      47,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      47,500,000

    The Committee recommends $47,500,000 for OPIC 
administrative expenses.

                      Trade and Development Agency

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $50,391,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      50,400,000
House allowance.........................................      50,400,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,400,000

    The Committee recommends $50,400,000 for the TDA.

                               TITLE III

                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $4,744,452,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............         338,200
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   3,756,827,000
House allowance.........................................   4,834,660,000
Committee recommendation................................   9,141,903,000

    The amounts listed in the above table for fiscal year 2007 
appropriations, the fiscal year 2008 budget estimate and the 
Committee recommendation, include funds appropriated or 
requested under global health programs, development assistance, 
USAID operating expenses, USAID Inspector General operating 
expenses, international disaster and famine assistance, 
transition initiatives, and credit programs.

                         GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $1,718,150,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     161,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,564,279,000
House allowance.........................................   1,980,150,000
Committee recommendation................................   6,531,425,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $6,531,425,000 for the 
Global Health Programs account, which supports health 
activities abroad, including those to combat HIV/AIDS, TB, 
malaria and other infectious diseases including neglected 
tropical diseases, and to reduce child mortality, provide 
voluntary family planning services, and protect women's health. 
The Committee consolidates all funding contained in the budget 
request for HIV/AIDS programs under the GHP account. The 
Committee recommendation for the GHP account includes 
$1,481,425,000 for programs and activities requested under the 
Child Survival and Health Programs Fund account, which is 
$267,146,000 more than the President's request.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                      GLOBAL HEALTH PROGRAMS (ALL ACCOUNTS)
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Fiscal year       Committee       Change from
                      Program, by account                         2008 request    recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HIV/AIDS:
    GHP:
        Global HIV/AIDS Initiative............................       4,150,000        4,450,000         +300,000
        Global Fund...........................................  ...............        [300,000]  ..............
        UNAIDS................................................         [27,000]         [40,000]         +13,000
    USAID HIV/AIDS............................................         314,278          350,000          +35,722
        Microbicides..........................................          30,000          [45,000]         +15,000
    Global Fund...............................................  ...............         250,000         +250,000
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Total, HIV/AIDS.........................................       4,494,278        5,050,000         +555,722
                                                               =================================================
      Total, Global Fund......................................  ...............        [550,000]        +550,000
                                                               =================================================
Child Survival and Maternal Health:
    GHP.......................................................         345,600          450,000         +104,400
        GAVI Fund.............................................          18,411          [75,000]         +56,589
        Micronutrients........................................  ...............         [30,000]         +30,000
    ESF.......................................................          20,700           20,698               -2
    SEED......................................................             700              700   ..............
    FSU.......................................................           5,100            5,119              +19
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Total, Child and Maternal Health........................         372,100          476,517         +104,417
                                                               =================================================
Family Planning/Reproductive Health:
    GHP.......................................................         301,700          395,000          +93,300
    ESF.......................................................          14,300           54,250          +39,950
    SEED......................................................           1,700            1,700   ..............
    FSU.......................................................           7,100           10,110           +3,010
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Total, Family Planning/Reproductive Health..............         324,800          461,060         +136,260
                                                               =================================================
Other Infectious Diseases:
    Avian Influenza...........................................  ...............  ...............  ..............
    GHP.......................................................         100,000          100,000   ..............
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Total, Avian Influenza..................................         100,000          100,000   ..............
                                                               =================================================
    Tuberculosis:
        GHP...................................................          79,400           99,420          +20,020
        ESF...................................................             500              500   ..............
        FSU...................................................          10,000           10,250             +250
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
          Total, Tuberculosis.................................          89,900          110,170          +20,270
                                                               =================================================
    Malaria:
        GHP...................................................         385,000          355,005          -29,995
        ESF...................................................           2,500            2,500   ..............
                                                               =================================================
          Total, Malaria......................................         387,500          357,505          -29,995
                                                               =================================================
    Polio: GHP................................................  ...............          32,000          +32,000
                                                               =================================================
      Total, Polio............................................  ...............          32,000          +32,000
                                                               =================================================
    Neglected Tropical Diseases: GHP..........................           6,000           15,000           +9,000
                                                               =================================================
      Total, Neglected Tropical Diseases......................           6,000           15,000           +9,000
                                                               =================================================
    Unallocated Infectious Diseases GHP.......................  ...............          20,000          +20,000
                                                               =================================================
      Total, Other Infectious Diseases........................         583,400          634,675          +51,275
                                                               =================================================
Vulnerable Children:
    GHP.......................................................           4,000           15,000          +11,000
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Total, Vulnerable Children..............................           4,000           15,000          +11,000
                                                               =================================================
      Total, Global Health Programs...........................       5,715,978        6,531,425         +815,447
                                                               =================================================
      Total, All Accounts.....................................       5,778,578        6,637,252         +858,674
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee provides $450,000,000 for child survival and 
maternal health activities under the GHP account, and 
$26,517,000 under other accounts, for a total of $476,517,000.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                   CHILD SURVIVAL AND MATERNAL HEALTH

    The Committee believes the key to addressing the health 
crisis in the poorest countries, particularly in Africa, is 
building public health systems that are capable of providing 
basic health services, especially for women and children. An 
essential component of any strategy is to provide training and 
support for health care workers, many of whom are dying of 
AIDS, leaving in droves to obtain jobs in foreign countries, or 
abandoning primary health care to join organizations working to 
combat HIV/AIDS which can pay higher salaries. The Committee 
strongly supports HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment 
programs, but they are no substitute for building the public 
health capacity to prevent the needless deaths of millions of 
children before the age of five, and more than half a million 
women from pregnancy-related causes, each year. Accordingly, 
the Committee has substantially increased funding for child 
survival and maternal health programs, and directs USAID to 
consult with the Committee and the public health community on 
how best to utilize these additional funds to build sustainable 
public health systems, including by training more health care 
workers.
    Disabilities.--The Committee recommends USAID consider 
funding a proposal of Christian Blind Mission, which addresses 
physical disabilities in the Great Lakes region of Africa.
    The Committee recognizes the work of Operation Smile and 
recommends USAID consider funding a proposal to support its 
medical and educational activities in developing countries.
    Holy Family Hospital.--The Committee recommends continued 
support for the Holy Family Hospital in Bethlehem, and 
recognizes the quality care that institution provides to the 
Palestinian people, often those most in need.
    Iodine Deficiency.--The Committee recommends at least 
$2,000,000 for the UNICEF iodine deficiency disorders program.
    Vaccines and Immunization.--The Committee provides 
$75,000,000 for a contribution to the GAVI Fund.
    The Committee recommends up to $40,000,000 for assistance 
for Ethiopia, and recommends that of this amount sufficient 
funding be provided for childhood immunization programs.
    The Committee provides $32,000,000 for programs to 
eradicate polio.
    Vitamin A and Other Micronutrients.--The Committee provides 
$30,000,000 for USAID's micronutrient program, of which at 
least $20,000,000 should be for programs related to Vitamin A 
deficiency.
    Zanmi Lasante.--The Committee recommends USAID provide 
support to Zanmi Lasante to improve health care in Haiti.

                  FAMILY PLANNING/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

    The Committee provides a total of $461,060,000 from all 
accounts in this act for family planning and reproductive 
health programs.

                                HIV/AIDS

    The Committee provides a total of $5,090,000,000 for 
programs and activities to combat HIV/AIDS. The Committee 
consolidates funds requested for this purpose in all accounts 
in this act under the GHP account, including $40,000,000 
provided in section 699 of this act as an additional amount for 
the U.S. contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and 
Malaria.
    AIDS Vaccine.--The Committee recommends continued funding 
for the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative.
    Blood Safety.--The Committee continues to support Safe 
Blood for Africa, which assists African nations through 
training and technical assistance to develop systems to ensure 
that blood supplies are screened for HIV/AIDS and other 
diseases.
    Eurasia.--The Committee supports the work of the Eurasian 
Medical Education Program of the American College of Physicians 
to address HIV/AIDS and chronic diseases in Russia, and 
recommends continued funding for this program.
    Food and Nutrition.--The Global AIDS Coordinator, in 
consultation with the DFA, should report to the Committee by 
May 1, 2008, on the following regarding focus countries: (1) 
the level of funding within the Emergency Plan for fiscal year 
2007 that was spent on food and nutritional support for people 
living with and affected by HIV/AIDS; (2) projected spending on 
food and nutritional support for people living with and 
affected by HIV/AIDS for fiscal year 2008; and, (3) the steps 
the Global AIDS Coordinator has taken to address the challenges 
identified in the ``Report on Food and Nutrition for People 
Living with HIV/AIDS'', May 2006.
    Global Fund.--The Committee provides $590,000,000 in this 
act for a U.S. contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, 
TB and Malaria. The Committee understands an additional 
$300,000,000 is provided in the Departments of Labor, Health 
and Human Services, and Education Appropriations act, 2008, for 
a total contribution from both acts of $890,000,000, an 
increase of $166,000,000 above fiscal year 2007.
    Media Programs.--The Committee supports the use of local 
media in combating HIV/AIDS and recommends continued funding 
for these programs in Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia and other 
countries in Africa, and increased funding for these programs 
in India.
    Microbicides.--The Committee provides $45,000,000 for 
research on and development of microbicides as a means of 
combating HIV/AIDS, and recommends continued support for the 
International Partnership for Microbicides.
    Mother-to-Child Transmission.--The Committee continues to 
support programs that prevent mother-to-child transmission 
[PMTCT] of HIV. The Committee believes that additional 
resources are required to expand access to these programs, 
including care and treatment. The Committee directs the Global 
AIDS Coordinator to provide the resources and technical 
assistance necessary to expand access to PMTCT services, 
including effective drug regimes, and to encourage stronger 
linkages between PMTCT and care and treatment programs.
    The Committee recommends that USAID consider supporting a 
proposal from Mothers2Mothers to prevent transmission of HIV/
AIDS from mothers to infants.
    Nurses Training.--The Committee is aware of a proposal of 
Catholic Medical Mission Board, in conjunction with the Chinese 
Nurses Association, to train nurses in HIV/AIDS care, and 
recommends USAID consider supporting this initiative.
    Orphans.--The Committee notes that section 403(b) of title 
IV of Public Law 108-25, the United States Leadership Against 
HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003, mandates not 
less than 10 percent of HIV/AIDS assistance for orphans and 
vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS. The Committee directs 
the Global AIDS Coordinator to ensure that at least this level 
of assistance is made available.
    Pediatric AIDS.--The Committee recommends the Global AIDS 
Coordinator consider a proposal by the Baylor Pediatric AIDS 
Initiative to engage in the Pediatric AIDS Corps.
    Private Funds.--The Committee notes that the administration 
has indicated its intention to adopt guidelines for NGOs on how 
to implement the requirement in section 22 U.S.C. section 
7631(f), specifically to adopt a regime that allows for 
separation of federally-funded activities and privately funded 
prohibited activities. The Committee welcomes the decision to 
distinguish between publicly funded activities and those 
carried out with private funds and urges the administration to 
impose the least possible burdens so as to avoid requirements 
that waste resources that could otherwise be used to save 
lives. The Committee notes that the administration has adopted 
similar regulations in its faith-based initiative, which should 
be used as the model in this instance. The Committee will view 
unfavorably any requirements that impose more costly and 
burdensome restrictions than those that apply to faith-based 
grantees.

                      NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES

    The Committee provides $15,000,000 for continued support of 
USAID's cooperative agreement in support of an integrated 
response to the control of neglected tropical diseases, 
including intestinal parasites, schistosomiasis, lymphatic 
filariasis, onchocerciasis, trachoma, and leprosy. The 
Committee requests to be consulted on the uses of these funds, 
including country-specific allocations.

                       OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES

    The Committee recommends a total of $634,675,000 for other 
infectious diseases, including avian influenza, tuberculosis, 
malaria, measles, meningitis, and polio.
    Avian Influenza Virus.--The Committee provides $100,000,000 
for programs and activities to contain and prevent an avian 
influenza pandemic, an amount equal to the budget request, and 
notes these funds are in addition to $161,000,000 provided for 
such purposes in Public Law 110-28.
    The Committee is aware of the many challenges to combatting 
avian influenza in developing countries and recognizes that in 
some circumstances foreign militaries may be well positioned to 
assist in this endeavor. Therefore, the Committee provides an 
additional $25,000,000 to enhance the preparedness of 
militaries in Asia and Africa to respond to an avian influenza 
pandemic, including through training and equipment. The 
Committee requests to be consulted prior to the initial 
obligations of these funds.
    Malaria.--The Committee provides a total of $357,505,000 
for programs to combat malaria. The Committee directs that 
these funds be made available in accordance with country 
strategic plans incorporating best public health practices 
including insecticide-treated bed nets, artemisinin combination 
therapies, and indoor residual spraying, and with significant 
support for purchase of commodities and equipment. The 
Committee supports continued funding for the Malaria Vaccine 
Initiative and for the Medicines for Malaria Venture.
    Meningitis.--The Committee is concerned that meningitis has 
plagued sub-Saharan Africa for over a century, threatening the 
lives of half a billion people, especially the young. Of those 
infected, 10 percent die and 25 percent are left with severe 
neurological damage. The Committee is aware of the Meningitis 
Vaccine Project, which is supported by private donors to 
develop an affordable vaccine. The Committee recommends USAID 
consider funding this initiative.
    TB.--The Committee provides a total of $110,170,000 for 
programs to combat tuberculosis from all accounts in this act.
    The Committee urges the Global AIDS Coordinator to (1) 
increase funding for TB-HIV coordinated activities with the 
goal of ensuring that TB screening and treatment is provided to 
as many co-infected individuals as possible in each focus 
country; (2) in consultation with appropriate host country 
officials and multilateral organizations, develop a national 
strategy for each focus country to ensure that all TB patients 
are provided HIV testing and counseling as well as referral for 
AIDS treatment and care; (3) issue guidance that TB-HIV 
coordinated activities are required in each country operational 
plan; and (4) provide funding to the World Health Organization 
for technical support to expand TB treatment and improve 
coordination of programs to fight HIV and TB, including drug 
resistant TB. The Committee is concerned with the emergence of 
drug resistant strains of tuberculosis, including multi-drug 
resistant-TB [MDR-TB] and extensively drug resistant-TB [XDR-
TB], which threaten to undermine progress in AIDS treatment and 
progress to combat TB control globally. MDR-TB and XDR-TB are 
new, drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis found mostly in 
Sub-Saharan Africa where the mortality rate for XDR-TB is 
roughly 90 percent. The Committee urges USAID to work with the 
Office of the Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator to strengthen overall 
TB treatment efforts and to otherwise slow the emergence of MDR 
and XDR-TB strains.
    Technology.--The Committee supports the work of HealthTech 
to develop innovative solutions to public health needs in 
developing countries.

                          VULNERABLE CHILDREN

    The Committee provides $15,000,000 for programs and 
activities that address the needs of vulnerable children.
    Orphans.--The Committee recommends that USAID consider 
funding a proposal from Kidsave International for a global 
intervention to help countries place orphans into permanent 
homes.
    Blindness.--The Committee recommends $1,900,000 for 
children's blindness programs.
    To the maximum extent practicable, the Committee intends 
funding for blind children to be focused on eye surgery and 
vision corrections for children, and is to be implemented in a 
manner that provides the most funds to the field.
    The Committee recognizes the work of Helen Keller 
International and other organizations to assist blind children 
and children with low levels of vision.

           UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $1,508,760,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,041,248,000
House allowance.........................................   1,733,760,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,455,000,000

    The Development Assistance account consists of a wide range 
of poverty-reduction and long-term development activities 
including free market development, agriculture and rural 
development, urban, environment, and energy, basic education, 
and micro-credit programs.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                    AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    Agriculture Development Strategy.--The Committee notes the 
critical role of agriculture in developing countries in 
alleviating hunger and poverty. It is also the backbone of 
employment that helps stem the tide of immigration to already 
overcrowded, over-burdened urban areas. The Committee is 
concerned that support for agriculture-led economic growth lags 
far behind other foreign assistance programs, and directs the 
DFA to submit a report, not later than May 1, 2008, describing 
a multi-year, regional strategy to substantially increase 
funding for agriculture development programs. In preparing the 
strategy, the DFA should consult with representatives of 
foreign governments, U.S. universities, and nongovernmental and 
international organizations that support agricultural 
development overseas.
    Arid Lands.--The Committee recommends USAID support the 
work of the International Arid Lands Consortium in addressing 
water, agriculture, and energy issues in the Middle East and 
Central Asia.
    Cacao.--The Committee supports the promotion of sustainable 
cacao production in Ecuador, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. The 
Committee recognizes the work of the Andean Countries Cocoa 
Export Support Opportunity, a partnership between private 
industry, governments and international organizations to 
encourage the sustainable development in cacao-producing areas 
as an alternative to coca cultivation.
    Coffee.--The Committee is aware that coffee is grown in 
more than half of the municipalities of Colombia and that 
coffee growing involves over half a million Colombian farmers 
and their families, mostly small enterprises, in areas that are 
still socially and economically vulnerable. The Committee 
recommends USAID work with the National Federation of Coffee 
Growers of Colombia to provide assistance to these communities 
to increase the productivity and marketability of their 
product.
    Collaborative Research Support Programs.--The Committee 
provides $29,000,000 for CRSPs.
    The Committee supports assistance for research and 
development of salt-resistant crops.
    The Committee recommends creation of a CRSP focused on 
water issues.
    Crop Diversity.--The Committee notes that crop diversity 
provides the genetic building blocks for adapting crops to 
constantly evolving pests, diseases, and changing climates, and 
is aware that much of the world's crop diversity is neither 
safely conserved nor readily available to scientists and 
farmers who rely on it. The Global Crop Diversity Trust was 
created by the FAO and CGIAR to collect, document and store 
seeds securely in order to preserve genetic diversity. The 
United States was an early supporter of the Trust and the 
Committee recommends USAID contribute in 2008.
    Dairy Development Programs.--The Committee continues its 
support for dairy development programs.
    Fertilizer Programs.--The Committee recommends continued 
support for the International Fertilizer Development Center.
    Food Aid Quality.--Under Public Law 480, USAID provides 
food aid to millions of hungry people each year. However, 
quality problems and outdated product formulations have damaged 
our reputation as the world's most generous provider of such 
aid. There is a critical need to improve product quality and 
adjust formulations to meet the needs of today's vulnerable 
populations. The Committee provides $750,000 to support 
activities underway with the Food Aid Quality Enhancement 
Program to improve food aid product quality and nutrient 
delivery, consistent with the authority in 7 U.S.C. section 
1736g-2(a)(2)(c).
    Water.--The Committee provides not less than $300,000,000 
of the funds appropriated by this act for safe drinking water 
and sanitation supply projects, to be expended in accordance 
with Public Law 109-121, the Senator Paul Simon Water for the 
Poor Act of 2005. Of this amount, not less than $125,000,000 
should be used in Africa.
    The Committee recognizes the work of the International 
Rural Water Association in providing training and technical 
assistance to improve the quality of water and health in 
Central America and the Caribbean.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a project 
in Uganda to increase access to potable water in Kapchorwa 
District.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
by Water Leaders Foundation for a reverse osmosis water 
purification project in a developing country.
    The Committee supports funding for Ong Tidene, a local NGO 
that drills wells for Tuareg nomads who live in northern Niger, 
one of the most arid areas of Africa.

                 AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD

    The Committee continues to recognize the important 
contributions made to U.S. foreign policy by institutions 
funded by the ASHA program and provides that not less than 
$22,000,000 shall be made available to support these 
institutions in fiscal year 2008. The Committee, once again, 
expects USAID to allocate sufficient sums to administer the 
ASHA program from funds provided for Operating Expenses, so it 
will not be necessary to expend program funds for 
administrative purposes.
    Although the Committee understands that ASHA funds are 
available for a variety of purposes, such as construction and 
equipment, libraries, computer technology, curriculum and staff 
support, and related expenses, the Committee reaffirms its 
intention that this assistance is not for permanent budget 
support to ASHA recipients. The Committee encourages ASHA to 
give priority to institutions which demonstrate a need and a 
commitment to private fundraising to match government support.
    The Committee recognizes the contributions made by several 
institutions and believes that they warrant consideration for 
further ASHA support, including: Lebanese American University; 
International College and the American University of Beirut; 
The Johns Hopkins University's Center in Nanjing, China; the 
Cancer Center of the American British Cowdray Medical Center in 
Mexico; the Hadassah Medical Organization; American University 
in Kosovo; and Shaare Zedek Medical Center.

            CONFLICT MITIGATION AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

    Patrick Leahy War Victims Fund.--The Committee continues to 
support the LWVF which assists persons who are disabled as a 
result of armed conflict. The Committee recommends $15,000,000 
for this Fund administered by USAID.
    Public Donations.--The Committee is aware of many private 
American individuals and groups who want to donate assistance 
to needy people overseas. USAID has a long history of 
partnering with the U.S. private sector, most recently 
formalized as the Global Development Alliance, to leverage 
assistance to meet development objectives.
    In the context of natural or manmade disasters, the 
generosity of the American public has been expressed in cash 
and in-kind donations, often provided through private relief 
agencies, to the victims of those disasters. The Committee 
believes there is an increasing desire on the part of the 
American public, either individually or through community, 
faith-based, or other local groups, to provide assistance. 
However, shipping items overseas, such as clothing and shelter 
that are suitable for affected populations, can be difficult to 
arrange and prohibitively expensive. These individuals and 
groups are not looking to the U.S. Government to provide 
financing for their donations. Instead, they want help in 
getting their donations to people in need. The Committee 
believes USAID should support the participation of these groups 
and individuals in furtherance of foreign assistance 
objectives.
    The Committee requests the DFA to submit a report, by May 
1, 2008, that addresses ways in which USAID can facilitate the 
participation of private citizens and community groups in the 
foreign assistance program. The report should address, in 
particular, the concept of establishing a clearinghouse for 
private donations, and should identify U.S. Government 
mechanisms and programs, as well as recommendations, for 
assisting in the delivery of such privately donated relief aid. 
The report should also include legislative changes that might 
be needed.
    Sports Programs.--The Committee is aware that sports 
programs, including those that benefit persons with 
disabilities, enhance health and development and strengthen 
communities. The Committee supports the work of organizations 
involved in these efforts, including Right to Play and Special 
Olympics.
    Victims of Torture.--The Committee recommends $10,000,000 
for programs and activities that address the needs of victims 
of torture. The Committee recommends support for centers for 
victims of torture that provide services consistent with the 
goals of Public Law 106-87, the Torture Victims Relief 
Reauthorization Act of 1999.

                               EDUCATION

    The Committee recommends funding in this act above the 
current level for basic education programs, including civic 
education and teacher training.
    Africa.--The Committee recommends continued funding for 
programs that increase access to basic education in sub-Saharan 
Africa through the reduction or elimination of school fees. The 
Committee recommends $15,000,000 for basic education programs 
in Ethiopia from all accounts in this act, an increase of 
$2,200,000 above the budget request.
    Latin America.--The Committee is aware of the work of 
Alfalit International in providing literacy and basic education 
programs in Bolivia and the Dominican Republic.

                  ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY CONSERVATION

    Biodiversity.--The Committee provides not less than 
$195,000,000 from the DA account for biodiversity conservation 
programs and activities.
    The Committee recognizes USAID's Amazon Basin Conservation 
Initiative, which supports the work of national and local 
governments, civil society groups, and indigenous 
organizations, in the South American countries that share the 
Amazon watershed, to protect it from illegal logging and 
mining, destructive agricultural practices, and unsustainable 
development. The Committee provides $15,000,000 for this 
program in fiscal year 2008, in addition to the level of 
funding provided in fiscal year 2006 for other biodiversity 
conservation activities in these countries.
    Birds of Prey.--The Committee recommends continued funding 
for the Peregrine Fund's work in the International Raptor 
Center, to be matched by private contributions.
    Energy.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$195,000,000 from all accounts in this act to support policies 
and programs in developing countries that promote energy 
efficiency, renewable energy, and cleaner energy technologies, 
including $15,000,000 for USAID's Office of Energy and 
Information Technology. The Committee supports funding for 
small hydro, solar, and wind projects, particularly in areas 
where other sources of energy are not available.
    The Committee expects United States Government agencies to 
continue to participate in the nine-agency Clean Energy 
Technology Exports Initiative.
    Endangered Species.--The Committee recommends continued 
support from funds made available for Indonesia for programs to 
protect the habitat of orangutans in Borneo and Sumatra.
    The Committee supports continued funding for programs to 
protect great apes in Central Africa, including through the 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and NGOs such as the Jane 
Goodall Institute and members of the International Gorilla 
Conservation Program.
    Lead Batteries.--The Committee is aware of the work of 
Occupational Knowledge International to promote the Better 
Environmental Sustainability Targets Certification for the lead 
battery industry, to limit emissions and encourage recycling of 
lead batteries which threaten health, especially of children, 
in developing counties where batteries are increasingly used to 
produce solar and wind energy.

         HIGHER EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee recommends increased funding for programs and 
activities targeted toward higher education, training and 
workforce development.
    The Committee is concerned that over the past 20 years 
USAID's support for higher education degree training has 
declined dramatically, from 15,000 trainees to less than 1,000 
today. Many of these graduates have contributed to the 
political and economic development of their countries, but they 
are now reaching retirement age. The Committee requests USAID 
to submit a report by May 1, 2008, describing past funding 
trends for higher education programs and the projected cost of 
increasing the number of trainees by 3,000.
    Entrepreneurship.--The Committee recommends USAID consider 
funding a proposal of the Center of Entrepreneurship for a 
distance learning program in the Balkans. The Committee also 
recommends USAID consider funding a proposal from CHOICE 
Humanitarian to improve the quality of life in Africa and Latin 
America through microenterprize and leadership training.
    The Committee is aware of the work of the Education for 
Employment Foundation to create jobs through vocational, 
technical and managerial training for youth in predominantly 
Muslim countries, where unemployment among youth is as high as 
50 percent. Recognizing that as many as 100 million new job 
seekers will enter the workforce in these countries in the next 
15 years, the Committee recommends USAID consider funding this 
initiative.
    Scholarships.--The Committee recommends continued funding 
for the CASS program to provide scholarships at U.S. colleges 
for students with high financial need from Latin America and 
elsewhere.

                      ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    Artisans.--The Committee is aware of a project initiated by 
Aid to Artisans to promote lead-free pottery glazes used by 
Mexican ceramists. The Committee recommends USAID consider 
funding a proposal to expand this initiative to other countries 
where there are serious health and environmental risks 
associated with leaded pottery production.
    Microenterprise Development Programs.--The Committee 
provides $250,000,000 from all accounts in this act for 
microfinance and microenterprise development programs for the 
poor, especially women. The Committee expects USAID to preserve 
the viability of leading private NGO microfinance networks and 
PVOs in order to maximize assistance to poor clients.
    The Committee directs that 50 percent of funds available 
should be for grants to private nongovernmental organizations, 
networks, and practitioner institutions, and that $30,000,000 
should be provided to USAID's Office of Microenterprise through 
a central funding mechanism for contracts, cooperative 
agreements and grants. The Committee recommends $20,000,000 be 
used for microfinance service providers working with people 
infected by HIV/AIDS.
    Cooperative Development Program.--The Committee provides 
$12,000,000 for USAID's Cooperative Development Program within 
the Office of Private and Voluntary Cooperation.
    Professional Services.--The Committee supports continued 
funding for the Financial Services Volunteer Corps.
    Property Rights.--The Committee is aware of the Institute 
of Liberty and Democracy and the International Real Property 
Foundation [IRPF], which create private real estate markets and 
promote property rights abroad. The Committee recommends that 
USAID continue support for these initiatives.
    Rural Electrification.--The Committee notes that rural 
electric cooperative projects have provided electricity, local 
economic development, increased living standards and greater 
political stability in developing countries. The Committee 
recommends continued support through the International Rural 
Power Access and Cooperative Electrification program, and the 
use of local currencies to meet the capital costs of 
international rural electrification programs and projects 
sponsored by U.S. rural electric cooperatives, and for co-
finance planning, advisory and training assistance in concert 
with other international partners.
    Telecommunications.--The Committee recommends continued 
funding for the United States Telecommunications Training 
Institute.

                          UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

    Each fiscal year the Committee receives a large number of 
requests to fund specific activities at or through American 
institutions of higher education. The Committee strongly 
supports activities that advance international development and 
U.S. foreign policy goals. The Committee has reviewed the 
concepts proposed for funding, and recommends that USAID and/or 
the Department of State (as appropriate for the proposed 
project) consider proposals submitted by the following 
organizations.
    Unless a proposal demonstrates a unique, innovative, or 
proprietary capability, or demonstrates special considerations 
that justify limited or non-competitive treatment, the 
Committee expects that competitive procedures will be applied 
with regard to the proposals on the list that follows. The 
Committee also expects USAID to give priority to proposals that 
have technical merit, realistic budgets, matching 
contributions, and achievable objectives. Proposals are to be 
submitted to USAID and/or the Department of State for 
consideration within 90 days after the date of enactment of 
this act.
    No later than 60 days after the submission of the report 
required by section 653(a) of the FAA, USAID should submit a 
report to the Committee on the status of each activity 
identified below. Such a report should include: (1) the status 
of the funding proposal by the organization associated with 
each activity; (2) the degree to which the proposal is 
consistent with and would advance international development and 
U.S. foreign policy goals for the country or region in which 
the activity would take place; (3) the degree to which matching 
or other funds would be provided by the organization to 
complement the Federal contribution; (4) to the extent known at 
the time, any decision by USAID or the Department of State on 
funding the activity, including the funding level; and (5) any 
other relevant information deemed important by USAID or the 
Department of State. The Committee also expects to receive a 
second report on the status of these proposals no later than 
July 1, 2008.
    With the foregoing in mind, the Committee recommends the 
following proposals for USAID and the Department of State's 
consideration:
    Brandeis University.--A proposal to fund the International 
Center for Democracy and Governance.
    Catholic Medical Mission Board.--A proposal, in conjunction 
with the Chinese Ministry of Health and the Chinese Nurses 
Association, to train nurses in HIV/AIDS care.
    DeKalb International Training Center.--A proposal for 
training student athletes from newly emerging democracies.
    EARTH University Foundation.--A proposal to train leaders 
in small business in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
    Franklin Pierce University.--A proposal in conjunction with 
the Luhansk National Pedagogical University in Ukraine for 
business education.
    Indiana University at Bloomington.--A proposal to establish 
a database of Burmese human rights abuses.
    Iowa State University.--A proposal to establish a program 
to reduce poverty in Mexico.
    New Mexico State University.--A proposal to facilitate on-
line communication between American and Mexican students, as 
well as Israeli and Palestinian students, concerning issues of 
mutual interest.
    Northeastern University.--A proposal to support the 
Athletes for Human Rights initiative.
    Monmouth University.--A proposal, in conjunction with the 
University of Ghana, to increase primary school enrollment and 
performance.
    SUNY College of Technology at Delhi.--A proposal for a 
professional development program to improve nursing skills and 
care in the Republic of Georgia.
    Temple University.--A proposal to expand the criminal law 
procedure program with Tsinghua University.
    Texas A&M; University.--A proposal to support the Borlaug 
Fellows Program to strengthen agriculture, science and 
technology in developing countries.
    University of Alabama.-- A proposal to establish a pilot 
program which will promote Central American food products in 
foreign markets and increase exports.
    University of Hawaii at Manoa.--A proposal, in conjunction 
with universities in Northern Iraq and in the United States, to 
train a diverse cadre of workers in Iraq in technical skills 
that will promote reconstruction and self-sufficiency.
    University of Iowa.--A proposal to establish a Center for 
Digital Communications in Development and Education to improve 
primary and secondary education in Africa.
    University of Iowa.--A proposal to train teachers and 
educational administrators in Timor-Leste.
    University of Kentucky.--A proposal for coal mine safety 
programs in the former Soviet Union.
    University of Kentucky.--A proposal, in conjunction with 
Indonesian universities, to further economic development in 
Indonesia.
    University of Miami.--A proposal to continue a 
collaborative initiative to improve child health in the 
Ukraine.
    University of Missouri at Columbia.--A proposal to apply 
biotechnology to grain legumes to improve nutrition in Vietnam.
    University of Nebraska at Lincoln.--A proposal to develop a 
joint program with the Gimlekollen School of Journalism & 
Communication in Norway and the Government of Norway to train 
journalists from Ethiopia and Kosovo.
    University of Nebraska at Omaha.--A proposal to establish a 
community-based education program to provide teacher training 
and vocational training in Afghanistan.
    University of Nebraska at Omaha.--A proposal for a 
community-based education project in Afghanistan, and a 
proposal to support the Afghanistan Young Leaders Program.
    University of Notre Dame.--A proposal to continue work to 
eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Haiti.
    Utah State University.--A proposal, in conjunction with 
Texas A&M; University, to develop an irrigation research, 
education and training program in the Middle East.
    Utah Valley State College.--A proposal to combat HIV/AIDS 
in Ghana.
    Western Kentucky University.--A proposal for the continued 
funding of an international journalist training program.
    Western Kentucky University.--A proposal to address 
environmental health issues in China.

                            WOMEN'S PROGRAMS

    Afghanistan.--As in past years, the Committee has provided 
funding to address the critical needs of Afghan women and 
girls, including support for women-led Afghan NGOs. The 
Committee directs the DFA to submit a report by May 1, 2008, 
detailing the uses of funds appropriated for these purposes for 
each year since fiscal year 2002. The Committee directs that 
the report assess the impacts of this assistance on healthcare, 
education and training, protection, and women led 
organizations; and to recommend new approaches that could 
better address the growing and unique needs, vulnerabilities, 
and potential of girls in Afghanistan. Additionally, the 
Committee directs the DFA to report on best practices or 
programs currently being implemented in Afghanistan for women 
and girls which could be replicated in other countries in the 
region.
    Creative Wellness Institute.--The Committee requests USAID 
consider funding a proposal of the Creative Wellness Institute 
to address the needs of high-risk Guatemalan women and their 
families.
    GROWTH Fund.--The Committee supports the establishment of 
the GROWTH Fund, which is intended to enhance economic 
opportunities for very poor, poor, and low-income women in 
developing countries. Programs supported by the Fund should 
increase women-owned enterprise development; property rights 
for women; women's access to financial services; women in 
organizational leadership positions; women's ability to benefit 
from global trade; and improve women's employment benefits and 
conditions.
    Women's Leadership.--The Committee recommends USAID 
consider funding a proposal from Women's Campaign International 
to expand political participation of women.
    Girls' Empowerment.--The Committee directs the DFA to 
submit a report to the Committee by May 1, 2008, that includes: 
(1) an assessment, including data disaggregated by gender where 
possible, of current U.S.-funded efforts to improve access of 
girls in developing countries to healthcare, education and 
training, and protection (including from child marriage, human 
trafficking, gender-based violence, HIV/AIDS, and other 
sexually transmitted diseases); (2) examples of best practices 
or programs that could be replicated; and (3) a strategy to 
address the unique needs, vulnerabilities, and potential of 
girls in developing countries.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $361,350,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     165,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     297,300,000
House allowance.........................................     322,350,000
Committee recommendation................................     322,350,000

    The Committee recommends $322,350,000 for International 
Disaster Assistance.
    The Committee noted that significant resources are required 
to address international disasters and famines, and urges the 
administration to request sufficient funds for these purposes 
in fiscal year 2008.

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $39,600,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      37,200,000
House allowance.........................................      40,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,000,000

    The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for Transition 
Initiatives.

                      DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $21,790,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      21,000,000
House allowance.........................................      21,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      21,000,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007....................................      $7,920,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................       7,400,000
House allowance.........................................       7,400,000
Committee recommendation................................       8,920,000

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $626,832,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............       8,700,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     609,000,000
House allowance.........................................     625,700,000
Committee recommendation................................     645,700,000

    The Committee recommends $645,700,000 for USAID's operating 
expenses, an increase of $36,700,000 above the budget request.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $69,300,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     126,000,000
House allowance.........................................      87,300,000
Committee recommendation................................      90,508,000

    The Committee recommends $90,508,000 for the Capital 
Investment Fund, due to budget constraints.

       OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $35,640,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............       3,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      38,000,000
House allowance.........................................      38,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      38,000,000

    The Committee recommends $38,000,000 for Operating Expenses 
of the Office of the Inspector General.

                  Other Bilateral Economic Assistance


                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $2,455,010,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............   2,624,300,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   3,319,567,000
House allowance.........................................   2,668,206,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,015,000,000

    The Committee recommends $3,015,000,000 for the ESF 
account.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                              ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Fiscal year      Committee       Change from
                        Country/Program                           2008 request    recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country:
    Burma......................................................           2,790          11,000           +8,210
    Cambodia...................................................          12,170          15,000           +2,830
    Cuba.......................................................          45,700          15,000          -30,700
    Dominican Republic.........................................          10,000          15,000           +5,000
    Egypt......................................................         415,000         415,000   ..............
    Guatemala..................................................          10,000          12,000           +2,000
    Haiti......................................................          63,394          73,394          +10,000
    Indonesia..................................................          60,000          65,000           +5,000
    Iran.......................................................          75,000          25,000          -50,000
    Jordan.....................................................         263,547         363,547         +100,000
    Lebanon....................................................          42,100          45,000           +2,900
    Libya......................................................             500             300             -200
    Nepal......................................................  ..............          10,000          +10,000
    Philippines................................................          25,996          30,000           +4,004
    Tibet......................................................  ..............           5,000           +5,000
    Timor-Leste................................................           8,640          16,000           +7,360
    Vietnam....................................................           5,700          10,700           +5,000
    West Bank/Gaza.............................................          63,500          75,000          +11,500
Program:
    Afghan Civilian Assistance.................................  ..............          10,000          +10,000
    Disability Programs........................................  ..............           4,000           +4,000
    East Asia and Pacific Environment..........................             490           2,500           +2,010
    Extractive Industries Transparency.........................  ..............           3,000           +3,000
    Israeli-Palestinian Fund...................................  ..............           7,000           +8,000
    Kimberley Process..........................................  ..............           3,000           +3,000
    Marla Ruzicka Fund.........................................  ..............           5,000           +5,000
    Middle East Partnership Initiative.........................          75,000          55,000          -20,000
    Iraqi Scholar Rescue.......................................  ..............          [5,000]          +5,000
    Middle East Regional Cooperation...........................           3,800           5,000           +1,200
    Reconciliation Programs....................................  ..............          20,000          +20,000
    Special Court Sierra Leone.................................  ..............          12,000          +12,000
    Trafficking in Persons.....................................           6,700          10,000           +3,300
    Wheelchairs................................................  ..............           5,000           +5,000
    Unallocated ESF............................................       2,129,540       1,671,559         -457,981
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, ESF...............................................       3,319,567       3,015,000         -304,567
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Afghanistan.--The Committee supports funding for 
revitalization and preservation of the historic center of Kabul 
in partnership with organizations which provide labor training 
in traditional crafts and artistry.
    Burma.--The Committee recommends not less than $12,500,000 
for assistance for Burma from all accounts in this act, an 
increase of $7,870,000 above the budget request.
    The Committee has restored funding for the reductions 
proposed in the budget request for democracy and human rights 
programs in Burma, and believes that the failure to include 
these funds is evidence of flaws in the administration's 
foreign assistance reform efforts.
    The Committee expects sufficient support for programs that 
address the needs of Burmese refugees and IDPs.
    The Committee again calls for the immediate and 
unconditional release of democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and 
all prisoners of conscience in Burma whereby national 
reconciliation may occur.
    Cambodia.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$57,000,000 for assistance for Cambodia from all accounts in 
this act, including $15,000,000 in ESF assistance.
    The Committee has restored funding for critical HIV/AIDS, 
rule of law, and democracy programs that were proposed for 
reductions in the budget request. The Committee notes the 
concerns of indigenous reformers with the proposed reductions, 
and urges the administration to make clear its support for 
democracy and human rights in Cambodia. The Committee again 
recommends not less than $15,000,000 be made available for 
democracy programs.
    The Committee urges the administration to exercise 
Presidential Proclamation 7750 to prohibit corrupt Cambodian 
officials identified in the June 2007 Global Witness report 
entitled ``Cambodia's Family Trees: Illegal Logging and the 
Stripping of Public Assets by Cambodia's Elite'' from entering 
the United States. The Committee encourages other countries, 
particularly in Europe and Asia, to implement similar 
restrictions.
    Conflict Diamonds.--The Committee provides $3,000,000 to 
implement the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, including 
by strengthening the role and capacity of civil society groups 
in the Kimberley Process.
    Cyprus.--The Committee continues to support assistance for 
scholarships, administrative support of the scholarship 
program, bicommunal projects, measures aimed at reunification 
of the island of Cyprus and to reduce tension and promote peace 
and cooperation. The Committee is aware of concerns that some 
projects on Cyprus have been funded without advance 
consultation with the Government of Cyprus. The Committee 
recommends that such consultation occur whenever practicable in 
the interest of transparency in the allocation of funds. The 
Committee understands that U.S. assistance does not go to the 
Government of Cyprus, but rather to private and nongovernmental 
organizations, and therefore the Committee intends that with 
respect to the provision of such assistance, the organizations 
implementing such assistance and the specific nature of that 
assistance shall not be subject to the prior approval of any 
foreign government.
    Disabilities.--The Committee provides $4,000,000 to address 
the needs and protect the rights of people with disabilities in 
developing countries, and commends the work of the Advisory 
Committee on Persons with Disabilities at the Department of 
State and USAID. Of this amount, $1,500,000 should be made 
available to organizations that advocate for people with 
disabilities.
    Dominican Republic.--The Committee recognizes the long and 
close relationship between the United States and the Dominican 
Republic, and provides $5,000,000 above the budget request for 
GHP and DA assistance. The Committee is concerned with racially 
motivated discrimination and violence in the Dominican Republic 
and urges the Dominican Government to affirm and protect the 
fundamental rights of all people within its borders. A related 
concern is that some children born in the Dominican Republic 
are being denied the right to nationality guaranteed under 
Dominican law, thereby rendering them defacto stateless. The 
Committee also urges the Dominican Government to take effective 
measures to prevent labor rights abuses of Haitian migrant 
workers.
    East Asia and Pacific Funding.--The Committee regrets that, 
excluding HIV/AIDS funding for Vietnam, the budget request for 
programs and activities in East Asia and the Pacific reflects a 
$39,000,000 decrease below the fiscal year 2006 level. The 
Committee is concerned that this reduction may give the wrong 
impression, and urges the administration to request funding for 
fiscal year 2009 that reflects the importance of this region to 
U.S. strategic interests.
    Environmental Security and Sustainability.--The Committee 
recognizes the work of the Foundation for Environmental 
Security and Sustainability [FESS] to address critical national 
security issues, including regional instability arising from 
resource scarcity and management practices, natural hazards, 
and other environmental stresses. The Committee recognizes the 
importance of the Foundation's conflict management and 
mitigation programs, particularly initiatives to develop 
regional and global approaches to combat corruption, implement 
extractive industries' best practices, and promote effective 
reconstruction of post-conflict countries to promote stability 
and security. The Committee recommends continued support to 
FESS for these activities.
    Haiti.--The Committee recommends $73,394,000 for Haiti, an 
increase of $10,000,000 above the budget request. The Committee 
remains concerned with the problem of pretrial detention in 
Haiti, as well as the myriad of other challenges Haiti faces as 
it struggles to rebuild after years of political violence and 
upheaval. Today, thousands of Haitians languish in the National 
Penitentiary and police lock-ups, often for months or years, 
without having been charged with any crime. This is a 
potentially explosive situation that is also inhumane. For over 
a decade, the Committee has repeatedly urged USAID to address 
this problem through its judicial reform programs, but the 
situation remains as bad as ever. The Committee provides 
$5,000,000 specifically to address the problem of pre-trial 
detention and to reform Haiti's dysfunctional judicial case 
management system. The Committee also provides $5,000,000 to 
support USAID watershed reforestation program in Haiti, to 
stabilize Haiti's fragile hillsides and support sustainable 
agriculture.
    Indonesia.--The Committee recommends $65,000,000 for 
assistance for Indonesia, an increase of $5,000,000 above the 
budget request, and expects not less than $15,500,000 be 
provided for humanitarian and development programs in Aceh from 
all accounts in this act, particularly those that address the 
needs of noncombatants. The Committee recognizes the 
significant political gains in Aceh following the recent 
election of a former Free Aceh Movement [GAM] leader as 
Governor, and encourages the administration and other 
international donors to increase engagement in order to cement 
the peace process.
    Iran.--The Committee supports the goals of promoting 
democracy in Iran, but received a total of only one page of 
justification material for the request of $75,000,000 for this 
program. The Committee is particularly concerned that grantees 
suspected of receiving U.S. assistance have been harassed and 
arrested by the Government of Iran for their pro-democracy 
activities. The Committee provides $25,000,000 for democracy 
programs in Iran, and recommends the administration seek future 
funding for these activities under a different appropriations 
function. The Committee also provides $22,287,000 for 
broadcasting, including Radio Farda, to Iran by VOA and RFE/RL 
in title I of the act.
    Iraq.--The Committee encourages the Department of State to 
collaborate with the Iraq Memory Foundation to complete the 
Legacy of Evil Project and to develop the Virtual Site of 
Remembrance Project, including the annotation of Ba'ath Party 
regime documents.
    The Committee is aware of the Youth Center/Work Study 
Program in Iraq that is administered by the Iraqi Ministry of 
Youth and Sport and recommends USAID consider a proposal for 
funding.
    Israeli-Palestinian Fund.--The Committee provides 
$8,000,000 for the Israeli-Palestinian Peace, Reconciliation, 
and Democracy Fund. The Committee intends these funds be used 
to support people-to-people reconciliation programs, and that 
grants be made on a transparent, competitive basis.
    Jordan.--The Committee provides $363,547,000 for assistance 
for Jordan, an increase of $100,000,000 above the budget 
request. The Committee requests the additional funds be used to 
address social and economic development needs, including for 
Iraqis seeking refuge in Jordan.
    Lebanon.--The Committee provides $500,000 to the U.S. 
Forest Service to support its forest management and wildlife 
conservation programs in Lebanon.
    Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund.--The Committee 
provides $5,000,000 for this Fund administered by USAID.
    MEPI.--The Committee recommends $55,000,000 for the Middle 
East Partnership Initiative, of which $9,000,000 is for 
scholarship programs for students from countries with 
significant Muslim populations at not-for-profit U.S. 
educational institutions in the Middle East.
    MERC.--The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for continued 
support for the Middle East Regional Cooperation Program.
    Nepal.--The Committee believes this critical time of 
transition is no time to be reducing assistance for Nepal, one 
of the world's poorest countries, as it struggles to end a 
decade of civil conflict. Nepal faces the near Herculean tasks 
of building democratic institutions, disarming and 
reintegrating Maoist combatants, and overcoming centuries of 
caste discrimination, corruption, poverty and injustice. The 
Committee believes the United States should play a more active 
and visible role in supporting this process, and provides 
$10,000,000 in ESF assistance to more than make up for the 
proposed cuts in the budget request. The Committee intends that 
not less than $2,000,000 be made available for training and 
capacity building to promote the role of women in civil 
society, political parties, and the Parliament of Nepal.
    North Korea.--The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for 
democracy and human rights programs in North Korea, as 
authorized by Public Law 108-333, the North Korean Human Rights 
Act of 2004.
    Philippines/Mindanao.--The Committee provides $30,000,000 
for assistance for the Philippines, and expects a portion of 
these funds to be used to support peace efforts between the 
Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation 
Front, including through the United States Institute for Peace. 
The Committee urges the administration to request additional 
support if a permanent peace accord is achieved.
    Special Court for Sierra Leone.--The Committee provides not 
less than $12,000,000 for a contribution to the Special Court 
for Sierra Leone.
    Regional Strategies.--The Committee is concerned that the 
administration has not articulated coherent strategies for 
pursuing U.S. interests in East Asia, the Middle East, or 
Central America, and directs the Secretary of State to submit a 
report not later than 120 days after enactment of this act 
detailing United States interests and objectives in these 
regions, on a country-by-country and regional basis, and a 5-
year funding strategy proposed to advance those interests and 
achieve those objectives.
    Religious Tolerance.--The Committee recognizes the need to 
counter Islamic extremism, and is aware of the successes of 
LibforAll's tolerance and moderation programs in Indonesia. The 
Committee supports expansion of these types of programs 
globally, particularly in the Middle East, and recommends the 
Department of State and USAID consider funding proposals from 
LibforAll for this purpose.
    Vietnam.--The Committee supports judicial and economic 
reform programs in Vietnam which strengthen the rule of law, 
protect human rights, and expand economic opportunities. The 
Committee is disappointed with the budget request for Vietnam, 
particularly as relations continue to normalize. The Committee 
provides $10,700,000 in ESF assistance for Vietnam, almost 
double the request, to support the STAR program and other 
activities.
    West Bank and Gaza.--The Committee continues to support the 
First Regional Cooperative Program for Health to be conducted 
by the Hebrew University's Kuvin Center and Al Quds University.
    Wheelchairs.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$5,000,000 for wheelchair programs in developing countries. The 
Committee intends funding for wheelchair programs to be 
allocated through a fully open and competitive process based on 
merit. The Committee supports programs that encourage local 
initiative, utilize appropriate technology, and are 
sustainable.
    The Committee recommends the Department of State and USAID 
consider a proposal by the Wheelchair Foundation to provide 
wheelchairs to the needy in developing countries.
    Reconciliation Programs.--The Committee provides 
$20,000,000 for reconciliation programs and activities which 
bring together individuals of different ethnic, religious and 
political backgrounds in countries affected by civil conflict 
and war. This global program seeks to promote understanding, 
mutual respect and reconciliation through the active 
participation of members of opposing groups.
    The Committee supports funding of local organizations in 
affected countries and believes that the following 
organizations are among those deserving consideration for 
support under this program or under the Israeli-Palestinian 
Peace, Reconciliation, and Democracy Fund:
      The Arava Institute for Environmental Studies.--A 
        proposal to bring Arab and Israeli college students 
        together to promote understanding and solve common 
        environmental problems.
      Interns for Peace.--A proposal to unite youth, women, and 
        diverse ethnic groups in cooperative development in the 
        Middle East and elsewhere.
      Facing History and Ourselves.--A proposal to expand 
        international conflict resolution and promote 
        democracy.
      Jerusalem YMCA.--A proposal to foster inter-faith, 
        interracial and inter-group understanding.
      Project Children.--A proposal to bring together 
        Protestant and Catholic children from Ireland.
      Seeds of Peace.--A proposal to promote understanding 
        between teenagers in the Middle East, South Asia, 
        Cyprus, and the Balkans.

          ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $273,900,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110--28).............     214,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     289,322,000
House allowance.........................................     297,332,000
Committee recommendation................................     294,568,000

    The Committee recommends $294,568,000 for Eastern Europe 
and the Baltic States.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                           ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE BALTIC STATES (SEED)
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Country                       2007 enacted    2008 request   recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Albania.........................................          21,100          16,200          17,200          +1,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina..........................          32,100          22,900          27,422          +4,522
Kosovo..........................................          77,700         151,246         151,246  ..............
Macedonia.......................................          28,100          18,900          18,900  ..............
Montenegro......................................           8,500           7,572           8,000            +428
Serbia..........................................          60,000          51,300          53,300          +2,000
Europe Regional.................................          46,400          21,204          18,500          -2,704
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, SEED...............................         273,900         289,322         294,568          +5,246
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Bosnia-Herzegovina.--The Committee is aware that the 
Government of Bosnia-Herzegovina has taken steps to prosecute 
war criminals in its domestic courts. The Committee recognizes 
that for these cases to be handled properly and justice to be 
done in a timely manner, assistance is needed. The Committee 
recommends $3,000,000 be made available to support 
investigations, prosecutions and trials of war criminals in 
Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    Legal Reform.--The Committee recommends continued funding 
for the ABA Rule of Law Initiatives including the CEELI program 
and programs in other regions. These programs should be carried 
out through cooperative agreements.

    ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $452,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     351,585,000
House allowance.........................................     397,585,000
Committee recommendation................................     401,885,000

    The Committee recommends $401,885,000 for the FSA account.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                         ASSISTANCE FOR INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION (FSA)
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                             Country                               2008 request   recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Europe and Eurasia:
    Armenia.....................................................          35,000          39,000          +4,000
    Azerbaijan..................................................          18,000          22,000          +4,000
    Belarus.....................................................          10,000          11,000          +1,000
    Georgia.....................................................          50,500          55,500          +5,000
    Moldova.....................................................          13,300          15,300          +2,000
    Russia......................................................          50,000          74,000         +24,000
    Ukraine.....................................................          71,000          72,000          +1,000
    Eurasia Regional............................................          22,219          22,414            +195
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Europe and Eurasia..............................         270,019         311,214         +41,195
                                                                 ===============================================
South and Central Asia:
    Kazakhstan..................................................          14,397          15,397          +1,000
    Kyrgyz Republic.............................................          23,815          26,500          +2,685
    Tajikistan..................................................          26,880          26,800             -80
    Turkmenistan................................................           5,500           8,000          +2,500
    Uzbekistan..................................................           8,474           8,474  ..............
    Central Asia Regional.......................................           2,500           5,500          +3,000
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, South and Central Asia..........................          81,566          90,671          +9,105
                                                                 ===============================================
      Total, FSA................................................         351,585         401,885         +50,300
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Children and Orphans.--The Committee remains concerned with 
the plight of children and orphans in the former Soviet Union, 
and recommends the Department of State and USAID consider 
proposals from Kidsave and New Life Ministries to address these 
urgent needs in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Latvia.
    Civilian Research and Development.--The Committee is aware 
of the work of the Civilian Research and Development Foundation 
[CRDF], which has helped to channel the research activities of 
weapons scientists in the Former Soviet Union in constructive 
directions. The Committee recommends continued support for CRDF 
from this account and with MEPI funds, to enable CRDF to expand 
its activities to work with scientists and engineers from the 
Middle East, North Africa, and elsewhere outside the FSU 
region.
    Central Asia.--The Committee recognizes the work of the 
Eurasia Foundation in promoting democratic institutions, 
independent media, and business education throughout the former 
Soviet Union. The Committee supports funding for the Foundation 
at a level comparable to previous fiscal years to continue this 
work.
    The Committee continues to support the Institute for 
Sustainable Communities, which works to strengthen civil 
society groups in Eastern Europe and Central Asia that are 
involved in environmental conservation and democracy building.
    Hellenicare.--The Committee supports the Primary Health 
Care Initiative in countries of the former Soviet Union, and 
recommends funding for this program.
    Nagorno Karabakh.--The Committee continues to be concerned 
about the plight of the victims of the Nagorno Karabakh 
conflict, and recommends funds be made available to address 
ongoing humanitarian needs in Nagorno Karabakh.
    North Caucasus.--The Committee is concerned that armed 
conflicts and continuing low-intensity violence have caused 
great suffering and resulted in enormous humanitarian and 
development needs in the North Caucasus, and provides 
$8,000,000 to address these needs. The Committee intends for 
funds to be spent for the provision of both immediate and long 
term basic services to conflict-affected populations (including 
housing, water, sanitation, public health), support for 
education and youth, economic development, the promotion of 
good governance (including citizen participation, human rights, 
free media, development of NGOs), and conflict mitigation. The 
funds should be dispersed through a transparent and competitive 
process.
    U.S.-Ukraine.--The Committee recognizes the community 
partnership programs of the U.S.-Ukraine Foundation that 
support grassroots reform and civic participation in Ukraine 
and recommends consideration of a proposal from the Foundation.
    U.S. Forest Service.--The Committee notes the work of the 
U.S. Forest Service in the Russian Far East to promote 
sustainable forestry management, habitat protection for 
endangered species, protected area management and ecotourism, 
and fire management. The Committee provides $500,000 to support 
and expand these efforts.

                          Independent Agencies


                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $19,305,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      19,000,000
House allowance.........................................      19,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,000,000

    The Committee recommends $22,000,000 for the Inter-American 
Foundation.

                     AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $22,770,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      30,000,000
House allowance.........................................      30,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      30,000,000

    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for the African 
Development Foundation.

                              PEACE CORPS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $319,640,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     333,500,000
House allowance.........................................     333,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     323,500,000

    The Committee recommends $323,500,000 for the Peace Corps.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $1,752,300,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   3,000,000,000
House allowance.........................................   1,800,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,200,000,000

    The Committee recommends $1,200,000,000 for the MCC. Since 
fiscal year 2004 the Committee has provided a total of 
$6,000,000,000 for the MCC, of which $5,100,000,000 is 
available for compact assistance. The Committee is aware that 
according to the GAO, only $3,000,000,000 of that amount had 
been obligated for 11 compacts, of which less than one-
thirtieth has been disbursed. The slow rate of disbursement 
reflects, in part, the MCC's overly optimistic estimates of 
compact countries' capacity to meet compact requirements, which 
may result in significant unobligated but undisbursed balances 
when compacts expire. There are few tangible results that can 
be measured from any of these compacts. The unobligated balance 
currently available for compact assistance is $2,100,000,000.
    According to the MCC, four compacts are projected for 
signature in fiscal year 2008, for a total of $1,776,000,000. 
Other expenses ($200,000,000) and threshhold country programs 
($190,000,000) are projected to total $390,000,000. The MCC 
requires $1,386,000,000 to sign the four projected compacts in 
fiscal year 2008 (in addition to the planned use of 
$578,000,000 in carry over funding). Accordingly, and partly 
due to budget constraints, the Committee provides 
$1,200,000,000 for the MCC in fiscal year 2008. The Committee 
notes that as of March 2007, the average size of compacts is 
$271,000,000, but that for fiscal year 2008, the average size 
would increase to $485,000,000. The Committee further notes 
that one of these compacts, for Tanzania, a country of 37 
million people, would require $699,000,000, exceeding the 
combined total of the fiscal year 2008 budget requests under 
the DA and ESF accounts for all of sub-Saharan Africa. The 
Committee questions whether this is the most effective use of 
scarce resources for a continent of close to a billion people, 
most of whom are impoverished.
    The Committee supports the goals of the MCC to provide 
assistance in a manner that promotes economic growth, reduces 
extreme poverty, and strengthens good governance, economic 
freedom, and investments in people. However, the Committee has 
been disappointed in several respects by the way it has been 
implemented. Compacts have been signed with some countries of 
little if any strategic importance to the United States. Only a 
miniscule portion of funding has been devoted to improving 
health, education or governance, which are necessary to 
alleviate poverty. No compacts have included judicial reform as 
a primary component, although violent crime, corruption and 
dysfunctional judicial systems are an impediment to development 
in many of the countries that have signed compacts.
    The Committee was faced with difficult choices, caused in 
part by the administration's decision to not include any funds 
for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria in its budget 
request for State, Foreign Operations, as well as by arrears 
owed in connection with binding treaty obligations. The 
Committee directs the MCC to proceed judiciously regarding 
future compacts until the results of compacts previously signed 
can be evaluated. The Committee directs the Comptroller General 
to audit and assess the financial management and oversight of 
MCC programs.
    Report.--The Committee notes that MCC compacts often focus 
on infrastructure to improve trade capacity and the movement of 
goods to markets. The Committee urges the MCC and compact 
countries to consider environmental factors in the planning and 
development of infrastructure. The Committee directs the MCC to 
submit a report not later than 90 days after enactment of this 
act, detailing the programmatic measures and investments the 
MCC intends to undertake to address any adverse social and 
environmental consequences of infrastructure investments. In 
addition, the Committee encourages the MCC to consult with 
environmental experts to develop infrastructure planning 
mechanisms to enable recipient countries to minimize the 
environmental and social costs of their compact proposals at 
the outset, and actively encourage such countries to set aside 
an adequate portion of compact funds to implement effective 
environmental mitigation measures.

                          Department of State


                       GLOBAL HIV/AIDS INITIATIVE

Appropriations, 2007.................................... $3,246,520,000 
Budget estimate, 2008...................................  4,150,000,000 
House allowance.........................................  4,450,000,000 
Committee recommendation................................ [5,090,000,000]

    The Committee consolidates all funds for health programs 
contained in the budget request under the GHP account.
    The Committee provides a total of $5,090,000,000 for HIV/
AIDS programs under the GHP account.

                             DEMOCRACY FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $94,050,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 109-28)..............     260,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................................
House allowance.........................................................
Committee recommendation................................     177,000,000

    The Committee recommends $177,000,000 for the Democracy 
Fund, of which $75,000,000 is for the HRDF and $102,000,000 is 
for the NED. To increase oversight and coordination of programs 
and activities that promote democracy globally, the Committee 
strongly recommends the administration request funding for 
democracy programs under the Democracy Fund account in 
subsequent fiscal years.
    Definition.--To ensure a common understanding of democracy 
programs among United States Government agencies, the Committee 
defines the term ``promotion of democracy'' as it is used in 
this act to include programs that support good governance, 
human rights, independent media, and the rule of law, and 
otherwise strengthen the capacity of democratic political 
parties, governments, civil society organizations, and citizens 
to support the development of democratic institutions.
    Democracy and Foreign Aid Reform.--The budget request 
includes $1,447,965,000 for the promotion of democracy globally 
under the ``Governing Justly and Democratically'' pillar, an 
amount which, according to the Department of State, is 
$214,766,000 above the fiscal year 2006 funding level.
    The Committee notes, however, that if proposed funding 
levels for activities in Iraq ($171,820,000), Afghanistan 
($202,000,000), and Pakistan ($41,600,000), and proposed new 
start programs in Iran ($75,000,000), Libya ($300,000), North 
Korea ($2,000,000), and Middle East Regional ($300,000), are 
backed out of both the fiscal year 2008 budget request and 
fiscal year 2006 level, $996,845,000 remains for the 
advancement of democracy abroad. This reflects a decrease of 
$78,005,000 below the fiscal year 2006 level.
    The Committee believes that funding for programs to promote 
democracy in Iraq and Afghanistan should not come at the 
expense of ongoing activities to advance democracy in other 
important regions of the world.
    HRDF.--The Committee recommends $75,000,000 for the Human 
Rights and Democracy Fund, an increase of $35,000,000 above the 
budget request, of which $15,000,000 is for democracy, human 
rights, and rule of law programs in the People's Republic of 
China, Hong Kong and Taiwan and $10,000,000 is for the 
continuation of programs to promote democracy in countries 
outside the Middle East with a significant Muslim population.
    NED.--The Committee recommends $102,000,000 for core 
support for the NED, an amount $22,000,000 above the budget 
request. Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                        NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                          Organization                             2008 request   recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa..........................................................           9,600          16,750          +7,150
Asia............................................................          10,640          17,250          +6,610
Middle East.....................................................          24,070          18,000          -6,070
Central and Eastern Europe......................................           4,260           5,000            +740
Independent States of the Former Soviet Union...................           8,530          15,000          +6,470
Latin America/Caribbean.........................................           8,240          12,000          +3,760
Multiregional...................................................           4,260           6,500          +2,240
Administration..................................................           8,800           9,500            +700
Democratic Activities...........................................           1,600           2,000            +400
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Total, National Endowment for Democracy...................          80,000         102,000         +22,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommends an additional $18,000,000 for NED 
from funds requested under the headings ``Development 
Assistance'', ``Economic Support Fund'', and ``Assistance for 
the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union'' to support 
ongoing programs funded under those accounts in prior fiscal 
years.
    Reports Required.--The Committee is particularly perplexed 
by the proposed reductions in funding for democracy programs 
for Zimbabwe (-$3,586,000), Burma (-$3,621,000), and the 
Philippines (-$5,071,000), and requests the Department of State 
to provide a report to the Committees, not later than 60 days 
after enactment of this act, justifying these cuts on a 
project-by-project basis.
    The Committee requests the Comptroller General of the 
United States to conduct an assessment of democracy promotion 
programs conducted by USAID and the Department of State, to 
include: the process by which democracy promotion strategies 
are formulated and budgeted within, and between, relevant 
United States Government bureaus and agencies; the coordinating 
mechanisms for democracy promotion programs between USAID and 
the Department of State; the process by which decisions are 
made by USAID for utilizing for-profit contractors and not-for-
profit grantees in democracy programs and activities; and a 
comparison of programmatic innovation, effectiveness and 
administrative efficiency between USAID and DRL.
    Responsibilities.--The Committee recommends that the 
Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy Human Rights and 
Labor have responsibility for all HRDF policy, funding and 
programming decisions in this act and subsequent acts making 
appropriations for foreign operations, export financing and 
related programs. In addition, the Committee recommends the 
Assistant Secretary have responsibility for the development of 
strategies for the promotion of democracy globally and the 
coordination of programs between the Department of State and 
USAID.

          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $472,616,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     252,000,000
Rescission..............................................     -13,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     634,600,000
House allowance.........................................     568,475,000
Committee recommendation................................     558,449,000

    The Committee recommends $558,449,000 for INCLE.
    ILEAs.--The Committee recommends an increase of $2,500,000 
to the budget request from within funds provided under this 
account, to be allocated equally among the four ILEAs, with an 
equal share reserved for a new Latin America ILEA if it is 
established during fiscal year 2008.
    El Salvador.--The Committee is concerned with the rise of 
violent crime in El Salvador where police are poorly trained 
and underpaid, perpetrators are rarely arrested, witnesses are 
afraid to testify, and impunity is the norm. An example is the 
unsolved murder of Gilberto Soto, a native of El Salvador, an 
American citizen, and an official with the International 
Brotherhood of Teamsters. The initial police investigation and 
prosecution was badly flawed, and the Committee urges the 
Salvadoran Government to conduct a new, credible investigation 
and to bring to justice those responsible.
    Guatemala.--The Committee is concerned with the rise in 
organized crime and gang violence, as well as the murders of 
young women, in Guatemala. Corruption and a dysfunctional 
justice system have prevented an effective response to these 
serious problems. In a particularly disturbing case, on 
February 19, 2007, three Salvadoran lawmakers and their driver 
were brutally murdered. Soon thereafter, four Guatemalan police 
officers who had been imprisoned in connection with the crime 
were also murdered. Although several Guatemalan law enforcement 
officials resigned in the wake of these killings, there has 
been little progress in solving the case. The Committee 
believes that establishing the rule of law in Guatemala is 
imperative for the future economic, social and political 
development of the country, and that this will not be possible 
until the perpetrators of these heinous acts are brought to 
justice.
    Jordan.--The Committee previously provided $120,000,000 to 
construct the Jordan International Police Training Center 
[JIPTC] which has trained some 40,000 Iraqi police. The 
Committee is concerned that a facility which reflects both a 
significant U.S. investment and has provided a safe location 
for training Iraqi police recruits may not be utilized in the 
future. The Committee directs the Secretary to provide the 
Committee with a plan for future use of this important resource 
consistent with the investment and with U.S. interests in the 
region.
    Missing and Exploited Children.--The Committee recognizes 
the work of the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
Children, and supports activities overseas, such as information 
sharing, tracking incidents, and identifying patterns of 
international child pornography. The Committee recommends the 
Department of State consider a proposal for this purpose.

                            ANDEAN PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $721,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     442,812,000
House allowance.........................................     312,460,000
Committee recommendation................................     415,050,000

    The Committee recommends $415,050,000 for Andean Programs, 
a decrease of $27,762,000 below the budget request for programs 
and activities requested under the ``Andean Counterdrug 
Initiative''. Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                                 ANDEAN PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                             Country                               2008 request   recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bolivia.........................................................          30,000          30,000  ..............
Brazil..........................................................           1,000           1,000  ..............
Colombia........................................................         366,968         337,206         -29,762
Ecuador.........................................................           7,000           8,000          +1,000
Panama..........................................................           1,000           1,000  ..............
Peru............................................................          36,844          37,844          +1,000
                                                                 ===============================================
      Total, Andean Programs....................................         442,812         415,050         -27,762
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee requires that all reprogramming of funds 
under this heading shall be subject to the same review and 
approval procedures by the Department of State as apply to the 
reprogramming of ESF funds.
    Funds for Colombia are allocated in the following table:

                                                                                            COLOMBIA
                                                                           [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                   Fiscal year      Committee       Change from
                            Program                                    ESF             AP             NADR            IMET             FMF        2008 request    recommendation      request
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PEACE AND SECURITY

Counterterrorism: Governments' Capabilities....................  ..............  ..............           3,315  ..............  ..............           3,315           3,315   ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Counterterrorism...............................  ..............  ..............           3,315  ..............  ..............           3,315           3,315   ..............
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform:
    Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)........          10,442           1,000  ..............  ..............  ..............          11,442          11,442   ..............
    Destruction and Security of Conventional Weapons...........  ..............  ..............             427  ..............  ..............             427             427   ..............
    Defense, Military, and Border Restructuring, Reform and      ..............  ..............  ..............           1,500          78,000          79,500          59,500          -20,000
     Operations................................................
        (Manual Eradication Protection, by transfer from AP)...  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............         [10,000]         +10,000
    Law Enforcement Restructuring, Reform and Operations.......  ..............          20,000  ..............  ..............  ..............          20,000          15,000           -5,000
    Program Support (Stabilization)............................             650             424  ..............  ..............  ..............           1,074           1,074   ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Stabilization Operations and Security Sector             11,092          21,424             427           1,500          78,000         112,443          87,443          -25,000
       Reform..................................................
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
Counternarcotics:
    Eradication................................................  ..............         189,651  ..............  ..............  ..............         189,651         139,000          -50,651
        (Transfer to FMF)......................................  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............         -10,000          -10,000
    Alternative Development and Alternative Livelihoods........          67,566  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............          67,566          97,566          +30,000
    Interdiction...............................................  ..............         142,023  ..............  ..............  ..............         142,023         142,023   ..............
    Drug Demand Reduction......................................  ..............             214  ..............  ..............  ..............             214             214   ..............
    Program Support (Narcotics)................................           3,136           7,027  ..............  ..............  ..............          10,163           5,163           -5,000
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Counternarcotics...............................          70,702         338,915  ..............  ..............  ..............         409,617         373,966          -35,651
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
Transitional Crime:
    Financial Crimes and Money Laundering......................  ..............             861  ..............  ..............  ..............             861             861   ..............
    Program Support (Crime)....................................  ..............              18  ..............  ..............  ..............              18              18   ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transitional Crime.............................  ..............             879  ..............  ..............  ..............             879             879   ..............
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
      Total, Peace and Security................................          81,794         361,218           3,742           1,500          78,000         526,254         465,603          -60,651

              GOVERNING JUSTLY and DEMOCRATICALLY

Rule of Law and Human Rights:
    Constitutions, Laws and Legal Systems......................  ..............             250  ..............  ..............  ..............             250             250   ..............
    Justice System.............................................           5,740           5,371  ..............  ..............  ..............          11,111          42,000          +30,889
    Human Rights...............................................           8,000  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............           8,000           8,000   ..............
    Program Support (Rule of Law)..............................           1,116             129  ..............  ..............  ..............           1,245           1,245   ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Rule of Law and Human Rights...................          14,856           5,750  ..............  ..............  ..............          20,606          51,495          +30,889
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
Good Governance:
    Local Government and Decentralization......................           2,479  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............           2,479           2,479   ..............
    Program Support (Governance)...............................             421  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............             421             421   ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Good Governance................................           2,900  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............           2,900           2,900   ..............
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
Political Competition and Consensus-Building:
    Political Parties..........................................             687  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............             687             687   ..............
    Program Support (Political Competition)....................              63  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............              63              63   ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Political Competition and Consensus-Building...             750  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............             750             750   ..............
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
      Total, Governing Justly and Democratically...............          18,506           5,750  ..............  ..............  ..............          24,256          55,145          +30,889

                      INVESTING IN PEOPLE

Social and Economic Services and Protection for Vulnerable               35,000  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............          35,000          40,000           +5,000
 Populations: Assistance.......................................
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Social and Economic Services and Protection for          35,000  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............          35,000          40,000           +5,000
       Vulnerable Populations..................................
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
      Total, Investing in People...............................          35,000  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............          35,000          40,000           +5,000

                        ECONOMIC GROWTH

Trade and Investment:
    Trade and Investment Capacity..............................           4,000  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............           4,000  ...............  ..............
    Program Support (Trade)....................................             200  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ...............  ..............
                                                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Subtotal, Trade and Investment.................................           4,200  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............           4,000  ...............          -4,000
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
      Total, Economic Growth...................................           4,200  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............           4,000  ...............          -4,000
                                                                ================================================================================================================================
      Total, Colombia..........................................         139,500         366,968           3,742           1,500          78,000         589,510         560,748          -28,762
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Colombia.--The Committee affirms its strong support for 
Colombia and provides a total of $560,748,000, which is 
$28,762,000 below the budget request and $4,677,000 above the 
fiscal year 2007 level. Within this amount, the Committee has 
increased the percentage of the total that is available for 
alternative development and justice programs and directs that 
at least $15,000,000 of these funds be used for programs which 
specifically benefit Afro-Colombian communities. The Committee 
also designates a portion of the assistance for the Colombian 
military to provide security for manual eradication programs, 
which the Committee believes is more likely to reduce coca 
cultivation over the long term than aerial eradication.
    The Committee notes that after spending in excess of 
$5,000,000,000 in support of Plan Colombia since 2000, some 
areas of the country are safer and Colombia's economic 
indicators are, for the most part, positive. However, reports 
of unlawful killings by the army have increased in the past 2 
years, and impunity for such crimes remains the norm. After 
predictions 6 years ago that Plan Colombia would cut by half 
the amount of coca production by 2005, the availability and 
price of cocaine on America's streets remain unchanged. There 
is no indication that the ability of Colombian drug traffickers 
to meet the demand for cocaine in the United States and 
elsewhere has been appreciably diminished. Coca is now grown in 
small, hard to eradicate plots in every department of the 
country, as coca growers continue to adapt to aerial 
eradication and destroy more forest as they replant.
    The Committee is convinced that the majority of coca 
growers would voluntarily shift to licit crops in order to 
avoid the dangers and difficulties of growing coca, if provided 
viable alternatives. Specialty varieties of coffee and cacao 
offer such alternatives, but require considerable training and 
support. To date, far too few resources have been devoted to 
such programs.
    The Committee has also been disappointed with the paltry 
support for justice programs in a country where impunity poses 
a serious impediment to peace, security, and economic and 
political development. The Committee has included additional 
funds to support the Office of the Colombian Attorney General 
and other justice programs, including the Human Rights Unit, 
the Justice and Peace Unit, the Procuraduria General de la 
Nacion, and the Defensoria del Pueblo. A portion of the funds 
made available for the Human Rights Unit should be used to 
support investigations of killings of trade unionists. The 
Committee is concerned with the plethora of units within the 
Office of Attorney General with overlapping authority to 
investigate violations of human rights, and urges close 
cooperation and coordination to ensure that cases are properly 
and thoroughly investigated. Funds provided to support the 
Defensor del Pueblo should be used, in part, to advise and 
assist victims in connection with the paramilitary 
demobilization process. The Committee provides $9,000,000 to 
enable the Attorney General to expeditiously develop a credible 
witness protection program so victims of paramilitaries and 
other armed groups can safely provide testimony. The Committee 
provides $3,000,000 to immediately improve the quality of 
forensic investigations of mass graves, some of which have been 
conducted without the capacity to properly identify or 
safeguard remains, or to determine the cause of death.
    The Committee provides $40,000,000, which is $5,000,000 
above the budget request, for assistance for Colombia's large 
population of internally displaced persons.

                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $833,033,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     130,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     773,500,000
House allowance.........................................     829,900,000
Committee recommendation................................     889,000,000

    The Committee recommends $889,000,000 for the MRA account.
    Montagnards.--The Committee requests the Secretary of State 
to submit a report by March 1, 2008, on the estimated number of 
Montagnards who are refugees in Cambodia and are seeking to 
resettle in the United States, and their reasons for departing 
Vietnam.
    North Korea.--The Committee supports programs to meet the 
needs of refugees fleeing North Korea, as authorized by Public 
Law 108-333, the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004.
    Tibetan Refugees.--The Committee supports assistance for 
Tibetan refugees who have fled their homeland and are in 
transit in Nepal or resettled in India.
    Unaccompanied Minors.--The Committee notes the shortage of 
referrals for refugee processing of unaccompanied minors, 
including orphans and children with disabilities and recommends 
that the Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees, 
and Migration work with other Federal agencies, the U.N. High 
Commissioner for Refugees, and refugee resettlement 
organizations, to prioritize identification, screening and 
registering of vulnerable unaccompanied refugee minors to 
facilitate their resettlement.

     UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $55,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110--28).............      55,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      55,000,000
House allowance.........................................      45,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      45,000,000

    The Committee provides $45,000,000 for the ERMA account and 
notes that an additional $55,000,000 was included in Public Law 
110-28.

    NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $405,999,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............      57,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     464,000,000
House allowance.........................................     467,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     499,000,000

    The Committee provides $499,000,000 for the NADR account. 
Funds are allocated in the following table:

                         NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING AND RELATED PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Fiscal year       Committee       Change from
                            Program                               2008 request    recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonproliferation Programs:
    Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund.....................          30,000           32,000           +2,000
    Export Control and Related Border Security Assistance.....          41,270           51,270          +10,000
    Global Threat Reduction (formerly NWMDE)..................          53,500           62,500           +9,000
    Biosecurity Engagement Program............................         [20,000]         [30,000]         +10,000
    IAEA Voluntary Contribution...............................          50,000           53,000           +3,000
    CTBT International Monitoring System......................          18,000           28,000          +10,000
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Nonproliferation Programs.....................         192,770          226,770          +34,000
                                                               =================================================
Anti-Terrorism Programs:
    Anti-terrorism Assistance.................................         124,311          124,311   ..............
    Terrorist Interdiction Programs...........................          18,345           18,345   ..............
    CT Engagement with Allies.................................           1,000            1,000   ..............
    Counterterrorism Financing................................           6,368            6,368   ..............
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Anti-terrorism Programs.......................         150,024          150,024   ..............
                                                               =================================================
Regional Stability and Humanitarian Assistance:
    Humanitarian Demining Program.............................          66,485           66,485   ..............
    International Trust Fund..................................          10,000           11,000           +1,000
    Small Arms/Light Weapons Destruction......................          44,721           44,721   ..............
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Regional Stability and Humanitarian Assistance         121,206          122,206           +1,000
                                                               =================================================
      Total, NADR.............................................         464,000          499,000          +35,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Biosecurity Engagement Program.--The Committee supports 
efforts to secure dangerous pathogens worldwide, particularly 
in South and Southeast Asia, and recommends $30,000,000, an 
increase of $10,000,000 above the budget request, for this 
global threat reduction program.
    Materials of Mass Destruction.--The Committee supports 
sections 10-12 of Public Law 109-472 which strengthens U.S. 
efforts to interdict illicit shipments of weapons or materials 
of mass destruction and secure vulnerable stockpiles of 
conventional weapons. The Committee provides $46,059,000 to 
implement these programs, of which $10,000,000 is under Export 
Control and Related Border Security Assistance, and $36,059,000 
is under the Small Arms and Light Weapons Destruction program. 
An additional $2,000,000 for these programs is under the 
Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund.

                       Department of the Treasury


               INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $19,800,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............       2,750,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      24,800,000
House allowance.........................................      18,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,800,000

    The Committee provides $22,800,000 for the International 
Affairs Technical Assistance program.

                           DEBT RESTRUCTURING

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $64,350,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     207,300,000
House allowance.........................................     200,300,000
Committee recommendation................................     200,300,000

    The Committee provides $200,300,000 for bilateral Heavily 
Indebted Poor Country [HIPC] and poorest country debt 
reduction, HIPC Trust Fund, and Tropical Forest Conservation 
Act debt reduction programs. The Committee recommends 
$20,000,000 to support implementation of the Tropical Forest 
Conservation Act.

                           TITLE IV

                          MILITARY ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $85,877,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      89,500,000
House allowance.........................................      85,076,000
Committee recommendation................................      85,877,000

    The Committee provides $85,877,000 for the IMET program, a 
decrease of $3,623,000 below the budget request.

                   Foreign Military Financing Program

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $4,815,800,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     265,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   4,536,000,000
House allowance.........................................   4,509,236,000
Committee recommendation................................   4,579,000,000

    The Committee provides $4,579,000,000 for the FMF account.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                       FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Fiscal year      Committee       Change from
                            Country                               2008 request    recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Colombia.......................................................          78,000          58,000          -20,000
Egypt..........................................................       1,300,000       1,300,000   ..............
Fiji...........................................................             110  ...............            -110
Georgia........................................................          10,000          10,000   ..............
Guatemala......................................................  ..............             500             +500
Indonesia......................................................          15,700          15,700   ..............
Israel.........................................................       2,400,000       2,400,000   ..............
Jordan.........................................................         200,000         300,000         +100,000
Lebanon........................................................           9,600           9,600   ..............
Pakistan.......................................................         300,000         300,000   ..............
Philippines....................................................          11,100          30,000          +18,900
Sudan..........................................................             100  ...............            -100
Thailand.......................................................             500  ...............            -500
Tunisia........................................................           2,064           8,413           +6,349
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Allocated FMF..................................       4,327,174       4,432,213             -105
Transfer from AP for Colombia..................................  ..............         [10,000]         +10,000
Unallocated FMF................................................         208,826         136,787          -72,039
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, Foreign Military Financing Program................       4,536,000       4,579,000          +43,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Monitoring of Assistance.--The Committee is concerned that 
the Department of State's capacity and procedures for 
monitoring the use of U.S. military equipment provided to 
foreign security forces is uneven and inadequate. While some 
effort is made to track this assistance, U.S. embassies do not 
have the personnel to do the job effectively. The Committee 
notes that the negative consequences of U.S. equipment ending 
up in the wrong hands are potentially so serious that more 
resources are needed for monitoring its use, and has therefore 
included a provision to address this need.
    Bangladesh.--The Committee is concerned with the continuing 
political crackdown by the Bangladeshi military-backed ``care 
taker'' government. According to reports, tens of thousands of 
people have been arrested and several have died in custody. The 
Committee notes that among the purposes for which NADR and FMF 
assistance was requested for Bangladesh in fiscal year 2008 is 
to enhance the security forces' capacity to counter terrorist 
activity and violent extremism. The Committee is concerned that 
this assistance may be misused to support the government's use 
of emergency powers to stifle peaceful political dissent.
    Ethiopia.--The Committee is aware that Ethiopia has 
supported U.S. counter-terrorism policies in the Horn of 
Africa. However, the Committee is concerned with reports of 
serious and pervasive human rights abuses by the Ethiopian 
military against civilians, particularly in the Somali, Oromia, 
and Gambella regions of the country. The Committee seeks 
assurance that monitoring is adequate to prevent U.S. equipment 
from going to units that commit abuses, and the Ethiopian 
Government is taking effective measures to bring to justice 
military personnel who commit such crimes.
    Indonesia.--The Committee provides $15,700,000 for 
assistance for Indonesia, an amount equal to the budget 
request. The Committee recognizes the significant strides 
Indonesia has made in Aceh, democratic governance and counter-
terrorism cooperation. The Committee regards the U.S.-
Indonesian relationship to be one of strategic importance, and 
anticipates further assistance as more progress is made 
particularly in strengthening the rule of law, military reform 
including budget transparency, and resolving the situation in 
Papua. The Committee remains concerned with the lack of 
progress in accountability for human rights violations. The 
Committee recommends an additional $2,000,000 for Indonesia 
when the Secretary of State reports that the Indonesian 
Government has provided plans for effectively addressing these 
concerns.
    Jordan.--The Committee provides $300,000,000 for assistance 
for Jordan, an increase of $100,000,000 above the budget 
request. The Committee requests the additional funds be used 
for border security and counterterrorism programs.

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $223,250,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     230,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     221,200,000
House allowance.........................................     293,200,000
Committee recommendation................................     273,200,000

    The Committee provides $273,200,000 for the PKO account 
which supports multilateral peacekeeping operations and 
training.
    MFO.--The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for a United 
States contribution to the Multinational Force and Observer 
mission in the Sinai, an increase of $4,000,000 above the 
budget request. The Committee notes the security challenges 
associated with this mission as the situation in Gaza continues 
to deteriorate, and expects additional funds to meet pressing 
security needs. To the maximum extent practicable, the 
Committee recommends that additional funds for security 
requirements to be matched by sources other than the United 
States.

                                TITLE V

                    MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

              International Financial Institutions Summary

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $1,273,220,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,498,950,000
House allowance.........................................   1,352,862,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,346,882,000

    The Committee provides the total amount of paid-in capital 
funding shown above to provide for contributions to the 
International Development Association, the Global Environment 
Facility, the Inter-American Development Bank's Multilateral 
Investment Fund, the Asian Development Fund, the African 
Development Bank and Fund, the European Bank for Reconstruction 
and Development, and the International Fund for Agriculture 
Development.

                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $79,200,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     106,763,000
House allowance.........................................     106,763,000
Committee recommendation................................     106,763,000

    The Committee provides $106,763,000 for a contribution to 
the GEF, an amount equal to the request.

       CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $940,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,060,000,000
House allowance.........................................     950,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,000,000,000

    The Committee provides $1,000,000,000 for a U.S. 
contribution to IDA, which is $60,000,000 below the budget 
request and $59,500,000 above the fiscal year 2007 level. The 
Committee supports IDA's mission, but is concerned with reports 
of an acceleration of World Bank financing of large 
infrastructure projects without adequate consideration of the 
potential adverse environmental impacts, including in the 
Amazon region. Given the World Bank's history of supporting 
projects in environmentally sensitive areas that have caused 
lasting harm to tropical forests, biodiversity, and indigenous 
people living in these areas, the Committee requires a report 
by the Secretary of the Treasury that the World Bank will not 
support projects which would contribute to such harm.
    The Committee is aware that the World Bank is establishing 
a fund for the Advanced Market Commitments for pneumococcal 
vaccines. The Committee recommends that the Department of the 
Treasury consult with the Committee on the necessary steps for 
the United States to participate in this fund.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT 
                                  FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................      $1,725,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      29,232,000
House allowance.........................................      25,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      25,000,000

               CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $99,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     133,906,000
House allowance.........................................     115,306,000
Committee recommendation................................      90,000,000

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $3,602,000 
Budget estimate, 2008...................................       2,037,000
House allowance.........................................       2,037,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,037,000

              LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS

Appropriations, 2007....................................   ($88,334,000)
Budget estimate, 2008...................................    (31,918,770)
House allowance.........................................    (31,918,770)
Committee recommendation................................    (31,918,770)

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $134,343,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     140,584,000
House allowance.........................................     135,684,000
Committee recommendation................................     105,000,000

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2007....................................................
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     $10,159,000
House allowance.........................................................
Committee recommendation................................      10,159,000

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $14,850,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      18,072,000
House allowance.........................................      18,072,000
Committee recommendation................................      18,072,000

                International Organizations and Programs

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $326,163,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     289,400,000
House allowance.........................................     333,400,000
Committee recommendation................................     313,925,000

    The Committee provides $313,925,000 for the IO&P; account. 
Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                    INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                          Organization                             2008 request   recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Center for Human Settlements (U.N.-Habitat).....................          $1,000          $1,000  ..............
IMO Maritime Security Programs..................................             400             400  ..............
International Civil Aviation Organization.......................             950             950  ..............
International Conservation Programs.............................           5,906           6,500            +594
International Contributions for Scientific, Educational, and               1,000           1,000  ..............
 Cultural Activities............................................
International Development Law Organization......................             300             300  ..............
International Panel on Climate Change/U.N. Framework on Climate            5,320           5,500            +180
 Change.........................................................
Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.............................          19,000          19,000  ..............
OAS Development Assistance Programs.............................           5,225           5,500            +275
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy............................           2,500           3,500          +1,000
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.............           4,000           4,500            +500
U.N. Children's Fund............................................         123,000         129,000          +6,000
U.N. Democracy Fund.............................................          14,000  ..............         -14,000
U.N. Development Fund for Women.................................             950           3,500          +2,550
U.N. Development Program........................................          75,300         100,000         +24,700
U.N. Environment Program........................................           9,524          10,500            +976
U.N. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Initiative.................          10,000  ..............         -10,000
U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs........           2,000           3,000          +1,000
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights.........................  ..............           7,000          +7,000
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of              1,425           1,425  ..............
 Human Rights...................................................
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture......................           4,750           7,000          +2,250
UNIFEM Trust Fund...............................................  ..............           1,500          +1,500
World Meteorological Organization...............................           1,900           1,900  ..............
World Trade Organization........................................             950             950  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Total, International Organizations and Programs...........         289,400         313,925         +24,525
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Inter-American Human Rights Commission.--The committee 
supports the Inter-American Human Rights Commission which 
adjudicates cases of alleged violations of human rights in OAS 
member states. However, the Committee is concerned that some 
cases brought before the Commission have languished for years, 
and that justice delayed is justice denied. The Committee 
provides $3,500,000 for a contribution to the OAS Fund for 
Strengthening Democracy, which is $1,000,000 above the budget 
request, and $500,000 of this amount is subject to the regular 
notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

                    GENERAL PROVISIONS--TITLES II-V

    Sec. 601. Compensation for United States Executive 
Directors to International Financial Institutions.
    Sec. 602. Allocations.
    Sec. 603. Limitation on Residence Expenses.
    Sec. 604. Unobligated Balances Report.
    Sec. 605. Limitation on Representational Allowances.
    Sec. 606. Prohibition on Taxation of United States 
Assistance.
    Sec. 607. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain 
Countries.
    Sec. 608. Military Coups.
    Sec. 609. Transfers.
    Sec. 610. Commercial Leasing of Defense Articles.
    Sec. 611. Availability of Funds.
    Sec. 612. Limitation on Assistance to Countries in Default.
    Sec. 613. Commerce and Trade.
    Sec. 614. Surplus Commodities.
    Sec. 615. Reprogramming Notification Requirements.
    Sec. 616. Limitation on Availability of Funds for 
International Organizations and Programs.
    Sec. 617. Independent States of the Former Soviet Union.
    Sec. 618. Prohibition on Funding for Abortions and 
Involuntary Sterilization.
    Sec. 619. Export Financing Transfer Authorities.
    Sec. 620. Special Notification Requirements.
    Sec. 621. Definition of Program, Project, and Activity.
    Sec. 622. Global Health Activities.
    Sec. 623. Afghanistan.
    Sec. 624. Notification on Excess Defense Equipment.
    Sec. 625. Global Fund Management.
    Sec. 626. Prohibition on Bilateral Assistance to Terrorist 
Countries.
    Sec. 627. Debt-for-Development.
    Sec. 628. Separate Accounts.
    Sec. 629. Enterprise Fund Restrictions.
    Sec. 630. International Family Planning.
    Sec. 631. Authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-American 
Foundation and African Development Foundation.
    Sec. 632. Impact on Jobs in the United States.
    Sec. 633. Comprehensive Foreign Assistance Report.
    Sec. 634. Special Authorities.
    Sec. 635. Arab League Boycott of Israel.
    Sec. 636. Eligibility for Assistance.
    Sec. 637. Reservations of Funds.
    Sec. 638. Asia.
    Sec. 639. Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda.
    Sec. 640. Prohibition of Payments to United Nations 
Members.
    Sec. 641. Requests for Documents.
    Sec. 642. Prohibition on Assistance to Foreign Governments 
that Export Lethal Military Equipment to Countries Supporting 
International Terrorism.
    Sec. 643. Withholding of Assistance for Parking Fines and 
Real Property Taxes Owed by Foreign Countries.
    Sec. 644. Limitation on Assistance for the PLO for the West 
Bank and Gaza.
    Sec. 645. War Crimes Tribunals Drawdown.
    Sec. 646. Landmines.
    Sec. 647. Restrictions Concerning the Palestinian 
Authority.
    Sec. 648. Prohibition of Payment of Certain Expenses.
    Sec. 649. Western Hemisphere.
    Sec. 650. Limitation on Assistance to the Palestinian 
Authority.
    Sec. 651. Limitation on Assistance to Security Forces.
    Sec. 652. Foreign Military Training Report.
    Sec. 653. Authorization Requirement.
    Sec. 654. Avian Influenza Preparedness.
    Sec. 655. Palestinian Statehood.
    Sec. 656. Colombia.
    Sec. 657. Illegal Armed Groups.
    Sec. 658. West Bank and Gaza Assistance.
    Sec. 659. War Criminals.
    Sec. 660. User Fees.
    Sec. 661. Funding for Serbia.
    Sec. 662. Community-Based Police Assistance.
    Sec. 663. Special Debt Relief for the Poorest.
    Sec. 664. Authority to Engage in Debt Buybacks or Sales.
    Sec. 665. Reconciliation Programs.
    Sec. 666. Sudan.
    Sec. 667. Transparency and Accountability.
    Sec. 668. Excess Defense Articles for Central and South 
European Countries and Certain Other Countries.
    Sec. 669. Zimbabwe.
    Sec. 670. Development Grants Program.
    Sec. 671. Monitoring of Military Assistance.
    Sec. 672. Disaster Assistance and Recovery.
    Sec. 673. United States Agency for International 
Development Management (Including Transfer of Funds).
    Sec. 674. OPIC Transfer Authority Including Transfer of 
Funds.
    Sec. 675. Reporting Requirement.
    Sec. 676. Environment and Energy Conservation Programs.
    Sec. 677. Uzbekistan.
    Sec. 678. Central Asia.
    Sec. 679. Disability Programs.
    Sec. 680. Neglected Tropical Diseases.
    Sec. 681. Orphans, Displaced and Abandoned Children.
    Sec. 682. Coordinator for Indigenous Peoples 
Internationally.
    Sec. 683. Oversight of Iraq Reconstruction.
    Sec. 684. Demobilization and Disarmament in Colombia.
    Sec. 685. Indonesia.
    Sec. 686. Assistance for Guatemala.
    Sec. 687. Child Soldiers.
    Sec. 688. Philippines.
    Sec. 689. Pakistan.
    Sec. 690. Sri Lanka.
    Sec. 691. Peace Corps Separation Pay.
    Sec. 692. Multilateral Development Banks.
    Sec. 693. Millennium Challenge Corporation.
    Sec. 694. Material Support.
    Sec. 695. Cluster Munitions.
    Sec. 696. Cuba.
    Sec. 697. Libya.
    Sec. 698. Carry Forward of Unused Special Immigrant Visas
    Sec. 699. Global Fund Contribution.
    Sec. 699A. References.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a 
general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify 
each recommended amendment, with particularity, which proposes 
an item of appropriation which is not made to carry out the 
provisions of an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act 
or resolution previously passed by the Senate during that 
session.
    Items providing funding for fiscal year 2008 which lack 
authorization are as follows:
    Administration of Foreign Affairs;
    International Organizations;
    International Commissions;
    Other Department of State;
    Broadcasting Board of Governors;
    Commission on International Religious Freedom;
    U.S. Institute of Peace;
    Child Survival and Health Programs Fund;
    Development Assistance;
    International Disaster and Famine Assistance;
    Transition Initiatives;
    Development Credit Authority;
    USAID Operating Expenses;
    USAID Operating Expenses, Office of Inspector General;
    USAID Capital Investment Fund;
    Economic Support Fund;
    Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States;
    Assistance for the Independent States of the Former Soviet 
Union;
    Inter-American Foundation;
    African Development Foundation;
    Peace Corps;
    Millennium Challenge Corporation;
    Democracy Fund;
    International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement;
    Andean Counterdrug Initiative;
    Migration and Refugee Assistance;
    United States Emergency Migration and Refugee Assistance 
Fund;
    Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related 
Assistance;
    International Affairs Technical Assistance;
    Debt Restructuring;
    International Military Education and Training;
    Foreign Military Financing Program;
    Peacekeeping Operations;
    International Organizations and Programs;
    Asian Development Fund; and
    African Development Fund.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI, OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on June 28, 2007, 
the Committee ordered reported en bloc: an original bill (S. 
1745) making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce and 
Justice, science, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2008, and authorized the chairman of the 
committee or the chairman of the subcommittee to offer the text 
of the Senate bill as a committee amendment in the nature of a 
substitute to the House companion measure; an original bill (S. 
1751) making appropriations for energy and water development 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2008, and for other purposes, and authorized the chairman of 
the committee or the chairman of the subcommittee to offer the 
text of the Senate bill as a committee amendment in the nature 
of a substitute to the House companion measure; and H.R. 2764, 
making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign 
operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2008, and for other purposes, with an amendment 
in the nature of a substitute; with each bill subject to 
amendment and subject to the budget allocations, by a recorded 
vote of 28-1, a quorum being present. The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Byrd                       Mr. Brownback
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Johnson
Ms. Landrieu
Mr. Reed
Mr. Lautenberg
Mr. Nelson
Mr. Cochran
Mr. Stevens
Mr. Specter
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Craig
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. Allard
Mr. Alexander

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee report on 
a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute or 
part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the Committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by the bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.

TITLE 5--GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



APPENDIX

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction. Act Nov. 
6, 2003, P.L. 108-106, Title III, Sec. 3001, 117 Stat. 1234; 
Oct. 28, 2004, P.L. 108-375, Title XII, Subtitle A, 
Sec. 1203(a), (c)-(j), 118 Stat. 2078, 2079; Nov. 14, 2005, 
P.L. 109-102, Title V, Sec. 599, 119 Stat. 2240; Oct. 17, 2006, 
P.L. 109-364, Div A, Title X, Subtitle F, Sec. 1054(b), 
Subtitle H, Sec. 1071(g)(13) (effective 10/28/2004, and as if 
included in Act Oct. 28, 2004), 120 Stat. 2397, 2403; Dec. 20, 
2006, P.L. 109-440, Sec. 2, 120 Stat. 3286; May 25, 2007, P.L. 
110-28, Title III, Ch. 8, Sec. 3801, 121 Stat. 147, provides:

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    ``(o) Termination.--
            (1) * * *
                    (A) The Office of the Inspector General 
                shall terminate 10 months after 80 percent of 
                the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
                available to the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction 
                Fund have been expended.
                    ``(B) For purposes of calculating the 
                termination of the Office of the Inspector 
                General under this subsection, any United 
                States funds appropriated or otherwise made 
                available for [fiscal year 2006 or fiscal year 
                2007] fiscal years 2006 through 2008 for the 
                reconstruction of Iraq, irrespective of the 
                designation of such funds, shall be deemed to 
                be amounts appropriated or otherwise made 
                available to the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction 
                Fund.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE 8--ALIENS AND NATIONALITY

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



CHAPTER 12--IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY IMMIGRATION

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Sec. 1182. Inadmissible aliens

(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (3) Security and related grounds

            (A) In general

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

            (B) Terrorist activities.
                    (i) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (ii) Exception.
                            [Subclause (VII)] Subclause (IX) of 
                        clause (i) does not apply to a spouse 
                        or child--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (iv) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                            (VI) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                                    (aa) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                                    (dd) to a terrorist 
                                organization described in 
                                clause (vi)(III), or to any 
                                member of such an organization, 
                                unless the actor can 
                                demonstrate by clear and 
                                convincing evidence that the 
                                actor did not know, and should 
                                not reasonably have known, that 
                                the organization was a 
                                terrorist organization. It 
                                shall be an affirmative defense 
                                to inadmissibility under this 
                                subsection that the actor 
                                provided material support under 
                                duress.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                    (vi) Terrorist organization defined.
                            [As] Except as provided in clause 
                        (vii), as used in this section, the 
                        term ``terrorist organization'' means 
                        an organization--
                                    (I) designated under 
                                section 219;
                                    (II) otherwise designated, 
                                upon publication in the Federal 
                                Register, by the Secretary of 
                                State in consultation with or 
                                upon the request of the 
                                Attorney General or the 
                                Secretary of Homeland Security, 
                                as a terrorist organization, 
                                after finding that the 
                                organization engages in the 
                                activities described in 
                                subclauses (I) through (VI) of 
                                clause (iv); or
                                    (III) that is a group of 
                                two or more individuals, 
                                whether organized or not, which 
                                engages in, or has a subgroup 
                                which engages in, the 
                                activities described in 
                                subclauses (I) through (VI) of 
                                clause (iv).
                            (vii) Notwithstanding clause (vi), 
                        for purposes of this section the Hmong, 
                        the Montagnards, the Karen National 
                        Union/Karen Liberation Army (KNU/KNLA), 
                        the Chin National Front/Chin National 
                        Army (CNF/CNA), the Chin National 
                        League for Democracy (CNLD), the Kayan 
                        New Land Party (KNLP), the Arakan 
                        Liberation Party (ALP), the Mustangs, 
                        the Alzados, and the Karenni National 
                        Progressive Party shall not be 
                        considered to be a terrorist 
                        organization on the basis of any act or 
                        event occurring before the date of 
                        enactment of this section. Nothing in 
                        this subsection may be construed to 
                        alter or limit the authority of the 
                        Secretary of State and Secretary of 
                        Homeland Security to exercise their 
                        discretionary authority pursuant to 
                        212(d)(3)(B)(i) (8 U.S.C. 
                        1182(d)(3)(B)(i)).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

(d) Temporary admission of nonimmigrants

    (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (3)(A) * * *
    (B)(i) [The Secretary of State, after consultation with the 
Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security, or the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, after consultation with the 
Secretary of State and the Attorney General, may conclude in 
such Secretary's sole unreviewable discretion that subsection 
(a)(3)(B)(i)(IV)(bb) or (a)(3)(B)(i)(VII) shall not apply to an 
alien, that subsection (a)(3)(B)(iv)(VI) shall not apply with 
respect to any material support an alien afforded to an 
organization or individual that has engaged in a terrorist 
activity, or that subsection (a)(3)(B)(vi)(III) shall not apply 
to a group solely by virtue of having a subgroup within the 
scope of that subsection. The Secretary of State may not, 
however, exercise discretion under this clause with respect to 
an alien once removal proceedings against the alien are 
instituted under section 240.] The Secretary of State, after 
consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, or the Secretary of Homeland Security, after 
consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney 
General, may determine in such Secretary's sole unreviewable 
discretion that subsection (a)(3)(B) shall not apply with 
respect to an alien, within the scope of that subsection, 
unless that alien is described in subsection (a)(3)(B)(i)(V), 
or that subsection (a)(3)(B)(vi)(III) shall not apply to a 
group. Such a determination shall neither prejudice the ability 
of the United States Government to commence criminal or civil 
proceedings involving a beneficiary of such a determination or 
any other person, nor create any substantive or procedural 
right or benefit for a beneficiary of such a determination or 
any other person. Notwithstanding any other provision of law 
(statutory or non-statutory), including but not limited to 
section 2241 of title 28, or any other habeas corpus provision, 
and sections 1361 and 1651 of such title, no court shall have 
jurisdiction to review such a determination or revocation 
except in a proceeding for review of a final order of removal 
pursuant to section 242 and only to the extent provided in 
section 242(a)(2)(D). The Secretary of State may not exercise 
the discretion provided in this clause with respect to an alien 
at any time during which the alien is the subject of pending 
removal proceedings under section 1229a of title 8.
    (ii) Not later than 90 days after the end of each fiscal 
year, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall each provide to the Committees on the Judiciary 
of the House of Representatives and of the Senate, the 
Committee on International Relations of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate, and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
Representatives a report on the aliens to whom such Secretary 
has applied clause (i). Within one week of applying clause (i) 
to a group, the Secretary of State or the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall provide a report to such Committees.
    (iii) Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Department of Homeland 
Security and Secretary of State shall each publish in the 
Federal Register regulations establishing the process by which 
the eligibility of a refugee, asylum seeker, or individual 
seeking to adjust his or her immigration status is considered 
eligible for any of the exceptions authorized by clause (i), 
including a timeline for issuing a determination.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


TITLE 22--FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



CHAPTER 39--ARMS EXPORT CONTROL

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    SUBCHAPTER III--MILITARY EXPORT CONTROLS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Sec. 2778. Control of arms exports and imports

                                  NOTE

    Anti-personnel landmine export moratorium. Act Oct. 23, 
1992, P.L. 102-484, Div A, Title XIII, Subtitle G, Sec. 1365, 
106 Stat. 2561; Nov. 30, 1993, P.L. 103-160, Div A, Title XI, 
Subtitle H, Sec. 1182(c)(3), Title XIV, Subtitle C, ' 1423(c), 
107 Stat. 1772, 1832; Feb. 12, 1996, P.L. 104-107, Title V, 
Sec. 558, 110 Stat. 743; Sept. 30, 1996, P.L. 104-208, Div A, 
Title I, Sec. 101(c) [Title V, Sec. 556], 110 Stat. 3009-161; 
Nov. 29, 1999, P.L. 106-113, Div B, Sec. 1000(a)(2), 113 Stat. 
1535 (enacting into law Sec. 553 of Title V of H.R. 3422 (113 
Stat. 1501A-99), as introduced on Nov. 17, 1999); Jan. 10, 
2002, P.L. 107-115, Title V, Sec. 548, 115 Stat. 2156, 
provides:
    ``(a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    ``(c) Moratorium on transfers of anti-personnel landmines 
abroad. [During the 16-year period beginning on October 23, 
1992] During the 22 year period beginning on October 23, 
1992.--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CHAPTER 84--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ACT OF 2003

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Sec. 7706. Eligible countries

(a) * * *

(b) Criteria.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (2) economic freedom, including a demonstrated commitment 
to economic policies that--
            (A) encourage citizens and firms to participate in 
        global trade and international capital markets;
            (B) promote private sector growth [and the 
        sustainable management of natural resources];

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (3) investments in the people of such country, particularly 
women and children, including programs that--
            (A) promote broad-based primary education; [and]
            (B) strengthen and build capacity to provide 
        quality public health and reduce child mortality[.]; 
        and
                    (C) promote the protection of biodiversity 
                and the sustainable management and use of 
                natural resources.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961, PUBLIC LAW 87-195

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 620I. Prohibition on Assistance to Countries That 
Restrict United States Humanitarian Assistance.--
    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Notice.--Prior to making any determination under 
subsection (b), the President shall notify the Committee on 
International Relations, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of 
Representatives of his intention to make such a determination, 
the effective date of the determination, and the reasons for 
making the determination.

SEC. 620J. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO SECURITY FORCES.

    (a) In General.--No assistance shall be furnished under 
this Act or the Arms Export Control Act to any unit of the 
security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary of State 
has credible evidence that such unit has committed gross 
violations of human rights.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
apply if the Secretary determines and reports to the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committees on 
Appropriations that the government of such country is taking 
effective measures to bring the responsible members of the 
security forces unit to justice.
    (c) Duty to Inform.--In the event that funds are withheld 
from any unit pursuant to this section, the Secretary of State 
shall promptly inform the foreign government of the basis for 
such action and shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
assist the foreign government in taking effective measures to 
bring the responsible members of the security forces to 
justice.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


       FOREIGN OPERATIONS EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1990, PUBLIC LAW 101-167

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



       establishing categories of aliens for purposes of refugee 
                             determinations

  Sec. 599D. (a) * * *
      (b) Establishment of Categories.--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) Within the number of admissions of refugees 
        allocated for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992 
        for refugees who are nationals of the Soviet Union 
        under section 207(a)(3) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act and within the number of such 
        admissions allocated for each of fiscal years 1993, 
        1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 
        2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, [and 2007] 2007, and 2008 for 
        refugees who are nationals of the independent states of 
        the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania 
        under such section, notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, the President shall allocate one thousand of 
        such admissions for such fiscal year to refugees who 
        are within the category of aliens described in 
        paragraph (2)(B).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

      (e) Period of Application.--
          (1) Subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and shall only apply 
        to applications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2007] 2008.
          (2) Subsection (c) shall apply to decisions made 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act and before 
        October 1, [2007] 2008.
          (3) Subsection (d) shall take effect on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and shall only apply to 
        reapplications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2007] 2008.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    adjustment of status for certain soviet and indochinese parolees

  Sec. 599E. (a) * * *
    (b) Aliens Eligible for Adjustment of Status.--The benefits 
provided in subsection (a) shall only apply to an alien who--
          (1) * * *
          (2) was inspected and granted parole into the United 
        States during the period beginning on August 15, 1988, 
        and ending on September 30, [2007] 2008, after being 
        denied refugee status.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


PUBLIC LAW 106-113

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



APPENDIX E--H.R. 3425

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                   TITLE V--INTERNATIONAL DEBT RELIEF


SEC. 501. ACTIONS TO PROVIDE BILATERAL DEBT RELIEF.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (i) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the cost (as 
defined in section 502(5) of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 
1990) of the cancellation of any debt under this section, there 
are authorized to be appropriated to the President such sums as 
may be necessary for each of the [fiscal years 2000 through 
2004, which] fiscal years 2000-2010, which shall remain 
available until expended.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


CONSOLIDATED APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005, PUBLIC LAW 108-447

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



DIVISION D--FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 591. (a) Section 801(b)(1) of Public Law 106-429 is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(i)'' after ``appropriated''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting before the period ``; and (ii) for 
        [fiscal years 2004-2006] fiscal years 2004-2010, not 
        more than $150,000,000, for purposes of additional 
        United States contributions to the HIPC Trust Fund 
        administered by the Bank, which are authorized to 
        remain available until expended''.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 JOHN WARNER NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2007, 
PUBLIC LAW 109-364

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



 Subtitle F--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations on Availability 
and Use of Funds

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 1054. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO THE SPECIAL 
                    INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION.

    (a) Duties.--For purposes of carrying out the duties of the 
Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction under section 
3001(f) of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for 
Defense and for the Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan, 
2004 (Public Law 108-106; 117 Stat. 1235 et seq.; 5 U.S.C. 
App., note to section 8G of Public Law 95-452), any United 
States funds appropriated or otherwise made available for 
[fiscal year 2006] fiscal years 2006 through 2008 for the 
reconstruction of Iraq, irrespective of the designation of such 
funds, shall be deemed to be amounts appropriated or otherwise 
made available to the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund.
    (b) Termination.--Section 3001(o) of the Emergency 
Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense and for the 
Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan, 2004 (Public Law 108-
106; 117 Stat. 1238; 5 U.S.C. App., note to section 8G of 
Public Law 95-452) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(o) Termination.--The Office of the Inspector General 
shall terminate on October 1, 2007, with transition operations 
authorized to continue through December 31, 2007.''.
    (p) Rule of Construction.--For the purposes of carrying out 
the duties of the Inspector General, any United States funds 
appropriated or otherwise made available for fiscal years 2006 
through 2008 for the reconstruction of Iraq, irrespective of 
the designation of such funds, shall be deemed to be amounts 
appropriated or otherwise made available to the Iraq Relief and 
Reconstruction Fund.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                            BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL
  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Budget authority               Outlays
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                               Committee    Amount  of   Committee    Amount  of
                                                               allocation      bill      allocation      bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations
 to its subcommittees of amounts in the Budget Resolution
 for 2008: Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations:
    Mandatory...............................................          159          159          159       \1\159
    Discretionary...........................................       34,243       34,243       33,540    \1\33,511
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2008....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........    \2\17,270
    2009....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        9,128
    2010....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        3,463
    2011....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        2,103
    2012 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        2,137
Financial assistance to State and local governments for                NA  ...........           NA  ...........
 2008.......................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

NA: Not applicable.


                 COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2007 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL YEAR 2008
                                                                                    [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                            Senate Committee recommendation compared with (+ or
                                                                                                                                                                      )
                               Item                                       2007         Budget estimate   House allowance      Committee    -----------------------------------------------------
                                                                      appropriation                                        recommendation         2007
                                                                                                                                              appropriation    Budget estimate   House allowance
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

          TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY

                        DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                 Administration of Foreign Affairs

Diplomatic and consular programs..................................        3,656,564         3,977,940         3,782,318         3,885,375          +228,811           -92,565          +103,057
    (Transfer out)................................................          (-3,949)  ................  ................         (210,000)        (+213,949)        (+210,000)        (+210,000)
    Worldwide security upgrades...................................          681,949           964,760           964,760           909,598          +227,649           -55,162           -55,162
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          870,658   ................  ................  ................         -870,658   ................  ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28) (Transfer out)...         (-20,000)  ................  ................  ................         (+20,000)  ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Diplomatic and consular programs.....................        5,209,171         4,942,700         4,747,078         4,794,973          -414,198          -147,727           +47,895
          Emergency appropriations................................          870,658   ................  ................  ................         -870,658   ................  ................

Capital investment fund...........................................           58,143            70,743            59,062            63,743            +5,600            -7,000            +4,681

Office of Inspector General.......................................           29,914            32,508            32,508            35,508            +5,594            +3,000            +3,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................           36,500   ................  ................  ................          -36,500   ................  ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28) Special IG for             (35,000)  ................  ................  ................         (-35,000)  ................  ................
     Iraq reconstruction (By transfer)............................

Educational and cultural exchange programs........................          445,671           486,400           501,400           509,482           +63,811           +23,082            +8,082
    (Transfer out)................................................  ................  ................          (-6,000)  ................  ................  ................          (+6,000)
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................           20,000   ................  ................  ................          -20,000   ................  ................

Representation allowances.........................................            8,175             8,175             8,175             8,175   ................  ................  ................
Protection of foreign missions and officials......................            9,270            18,000            28,000            14,000            +4,730            -4,000           -14,000
Embassy security, construction, and maintenance...................          592,277           792,534           729,898           792,534          +200,257   ................          +62,636
    Worldwide security upgrades...................................          898,575           806,900           806,900           649,278          -249,297          -157,622          -157,622

Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service................            4,940            19,000            14,000             9,000            +4,060           -10,000            -5,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28) (By transfer)....          (20,000)  ................  ................  ................         (-20,000)  ................  ................
    (By transfer).................................................  ................  ................  ................          (10,000)         (+10,000)         (+10,000)         (+10,000)

Repatriation Loans Program Account:
    Direct loans subsidy..........................................              703               678               678               678               -25   ................  ................
    Administrative expenses.......................................              599               607               607               607                +8   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Repatriation loans program account...................            1,302             1,285             1,285             1,285               -17   ................  ................

Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan.......................           15,826            16,351            16,351            16,351              +525   ................  ................
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund.....          125,000           122,500           158,900           158,900           +33,900           +36,400   ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administration of Foreign Affairs....................        7,454,764         7,317,096         7,103,557         7,053,229          -401,535          -263,867           -50,328

                    International Organizations

Contributions to international organizations, current year assess-        1,151,318         1,354,400         1,354,400         1,374,400          +223,082           +20,000           +20,000
  ment............................................................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................           50,000   ................  ................  ................          -50,000   ................  ................

Contributions for international peacekeeping activities, current          1,135,275         1,107,000         1,302,000         1,352,000          +216,725          +245,000           +50,000
 year.............................................................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          283,000   ................  ................  ................         -283,000   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Organizations..........................        2,619,593         2,461,400         2,656,400         2,726,400          +106,807          +265,000           +70,000
          Emergency appropriations................................          333,000   ................  ................  ................         -333,000   ................  ................

                     International Commissions

International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and
 Mexico:
    Salaries and expenses.........................................           27,718            30,430            30,430            30,430            +2,712   ................  ................
    Construction..................................................            5,232            71,725            15,725            88,425           +83,193           +16,700           +72,700
American sections, international commissions......................            9,962            10,395            10,630            11,250            +1,288              +855              +620
International fisheries commissions...............................           23,694            21,000            26,000            27,054            +3,360            +6,054            +1,054
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International commissions............................           66,606           133,550            82,785           157,159           +90,553           +23,609           +74,374

                               Other

Payment to the Asia Foundation....................................           13,821            10,000            15,000            16,000            +2,179            +6,000            +1,000
Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue........................              750               875               875               875              +125   ................  ................
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship program............................              494               500               500               500                +6   ................  ................
Israeli Arab scholarship program..................................              370               375               375               375                +5   ................  ................
East-West Center..................................................           18,994            10,000   ................           20,000            +1,006           +10,000           +20,000
National Endowment for Democracy..................................           74,042            80,000            80,000   ................          -74,042           -80,000           -80,000
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of State..................................       10,249,434        10,013,796         9,939,492         9,974,538          -274,896           -39,258           +35,046
          Emergency appropriations................................        1,260,158   ................  ................  ................       -1,260,158   ................  ................
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
   Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

Salaries and expenses.............................................              493               499               499               499                +6   ................  ................

           Commission on International Religious Freedom

Salaries and expenses.............................................            3,000             3,300             3,400             3,000   ................             -300              -400
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28) (By transfer)....             (258)  ................  ................  ................            (-258)  ................  ................

         Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

Salaries and expenses.............................................            2,004             2,037             2,037             2,037               +33   ................  ................

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of
                               China

Salaries and expenses.............................................            1,876             2,000             2,000             2,000              +124   ................  ................

    United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

Salaries and expenses.............................................            2,962             4,000             4,000             2,962   ................           -1,038            -1,038

United States Senate-China United States Senate Interparliamentary
                              Groups

Salaries and expenses.............................................              149   ................  ................              150                +1              +150              +150

                 United States Institute of Peace

Operating expenses................................................           22,064            30,000            26,000            25,000            +2,936            -5,000            -1,000

                         RELATED AGENCIES

                  Broadcasting Board of Governors

International Broadcasting Operations.............................          639,126           618,777           671,632           662,727           +23,601           +43,950            -8,905
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................           10,000   ................  ................  ................          -10,000   ................  ................
Broadcasting to Cuba..............................................  ................           38,700   ................  ................  ................          -38,700   ................
Broadcasting capital improvements.................................            7,624            10,748            10,748            10,748            +3,124   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Broadcasting Board of Governors......................          656,750           668,225           682,380           673,475           +16,725            +5,250            -8,905
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
      Total, title I, Department of State and Related Agencies....       10,938,732        10,723,857        10,659,808        10,683,661          -255,071           -40,196           +23,853
          Appropriations..........................................       (9,668,574)      (10,723,857)      (10,659,808)      (10,683,661)      (+1,015,087)         (-40,196)         (+23,853)
          Emergency appropriations................................        1,270,158   ................  ................  ................       -1,270,158   ................  ................
          (Transfer out)..........................................          (-3,949)  ................          (-6,000)         (210,000)        (+213,949)        (+210,000)        (+216,000)

            TITLE II--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

              EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

Subsidy appropriation.............................................           26,382            68,000            68,000            68,000           +41,618   ................  ................
Administrative expenses...........................................           72,468            78,000            78,000            78,000            +5,532   ................  ................
Inspector General.................................................              990             1,000             1,000             1,000               +10   ................  ................
Negative subsidy..................................................          -45,000   ................  ................  ................          +45,000   ................  ................
Offsetting collections............................................  ................         -146,000          -146,000          -146,000          -146,000   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Export-Import Bank of the United States..............           54,840             1,000             1,000             1,000           -53,840   ................  ................

              OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION

Noncredit account:
    Administrative expenses.......................................           41,851            47,500            47,500            47,500            +5,649   ................  ................
    Insurance fees and other offsetting collections...............         -258,000          -236,000          -237,000          -237,000           +21,000            -1,000   ................
Subsidy appropriation.............................................           20,073            29,000            20,000            21,000              +927            -8,000            +1,000
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Overseas Private Investment Corporation..............         -196,076          -159,500          -169,500          -168,500           +27,576            -9,000            +1,000

                FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

Trade and development agency......................................           50,391            50,400            50,400            50,400                +9   ................  ................
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
      Total, title II Export and investment assistance............          -90,845          -108,100          -118,100          -117,100           -26,255            -9,000            +1,000
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
             TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

        United States Agency for International Development

Global Health Programs (Child survival)...........................        1,718,150         1,564,279         1,980,150         6,531,425        +4,813,275        +4,967,146        +4,551,275
    HIV/AIDS......................................................  ................  ................  ................       (5,050,000)      (+5,050,000)      (+5,050,000)      (+5,050,000)
    Global fund contribution......................................         (247,500)  ................         (250,000)         (550,000)        (+302,500)        (+550,000)        (+300,000)
    (Transfer out)................................................          (-5,940)  ................          (-6,000)  ................          (+5,940)  ................          (+6,000)
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          161,000   ................  ................  ................         -161,000   ................  ................

Development assistance............................................        1,508,760         1,041,248         1,733,760         1,455,000           -53,760          +413,752          -278,760
    (Transfer out)................................................         (-20,790)         (-21,000)         (-21,000)         (-21,000)            (-210)  ................  ................

International disaster assistance.................................          361,350           297,300           322,350           322,350           -39,000           +25,050   ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          165,000   ................  ................  ................         -165,000   ................  ................

Transition Initiatives............................................           39,600            37,200            40,000            50,000           +10,400           +12,800           +10,000

Development Credit Authority:
    (By transfer).................................................          (20,790)          (21,000)          (21,000)          (21,000)            (+210)  ................  ................
    Administrative expenses.......................................            7,920             7,400             7,400             8,920            +1,000            +1,520            +1,520
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Development assistance............................        3,961,780         2,947,427         4,083,660         8,367,695        +4,405,915        +5,420,268        +4,284,035

Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund.....           38,700            36,400   ................  ................          -38,700           -36,400   ................

Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International Develop-            626,832           609,000           625,700           645,700           +18,868           +36,700           +20,000
 ment.............................................................
    (By transfer).................................................           (5,940)           (6,000)           (6,000)           (6,000)             (+60)  ................  ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................            8,700   ................  ................  ................           -8,700   ................  ................

Capital Investment Fund...........................................           69,300           126,000            87,300            90,508           +21,208           -35,492            +3,208

Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International                      35,640            38,000            38,000            38,000            +2,360   ................  ................
 Development Office of Inspector General..........................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................            3,500   ................  ................  ................           -3,500   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, USAID................................................        4,744,452         3,756,827         4,834,660         9,141,903        +4,397,451        +5,385,076        +4,307,243
          Emergency appropriations................................          338,200   ................  ................  ................         -338,200   ................  ................

                Other Bilateral Economic Assistance

Economic support fund:
    Israel........................................................          120,000   ................  ................  ................         -120,000   ................  ................
    Egypt.........................................................          455,000           415,000           415,000   ................         -455,000          -415,000          -415,000
    Other.........................................................        1,880,010         2,904,567         2,253,206         3,015,000        +1,134,990          +110,433          +761,794
        Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..............        2,624,300   ................  ................  ................       -2,624,300   ................  ................
        Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28) (By transfer)         (110,000)  ................  ................  ................        (-110,000)  ................  ................
         Department of Defense....................................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Subtotal, Economic support fund.......................        5,079,310         3,319,567         2,668,206         3,015,000        -2,064,310          -304,567          +346,794

International Fund for Ireland....................................           13,365   ................           15,000   ................          -13,365   ................          -15,000
Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States...............          273,900           289,322           297,332           294,568           +20,668            +5,246            -2,764
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          214,000   ................  ................  ................         -214,000   ................  ................
Assistance for the Independent States of the former Soviet Union..          452,000           351,585           397,585           401,885           -50,115           +50,300            +4,300
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Other Bilateral Economic Assistance..................        6,032,575         3,960,474         3,378,123         3,711,453        -2,321,122          -249,021          +333,330
          Emergency appropriations................................        2,838,300   ................  ................  ................       -2,838,300   ................  ................

                       INDEPENDENT AGENCIES

                     Inter-American Foundation

Appropriation.....................................................           19,305            19,000            19,000            22,000            +2,695            +3,000            +3,000

                  African Development Foundation

Appropriation.....................................................           22,770            30,000            30,000            30,000            +7,230   ................  ................

                            Peace Corps

Appropriation.....................................................          319,640           333,500           333,500           323,500            +3,860           -10,000           -10,000

                  Millenium Challenge Corporation

Appropriation.....................................................        1,752,300         3,000,000         1,800,000         1,200,000          -552,300        -1,800,000          -600,000

                        Department of State

Global HIV/AIDS initiative........................................        3,246,520         4,150,000         4,450,000   ................       -3,246,520        -4,150,000        -4,450,000
    Global fund contribution......................................         (377,500)  ................         (300,000)  ................        (-377,500)  ................        (-300,000)
Democracy Fund....................................................           94,050   ................  ................          177,000           +82,950          +177,000          +177,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          260,000   ................  ................  ................         -260,000   ................  ................
International narcotics control and law enforcement...............          472,616           634,600           568,475           558,449           +85,833           -76,151           -10,026
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          252,000   ................  ................  ................         -252,000   ................  ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28) (Rescission).....          -13,000   ................  ................  ................          +13,000   ................  ................
Andean programs...................................................          721,500           442,812           312,460           415,050          -306,450           -27,762          +102,590
Migration and refugee assistance..................................          833,033           773,500           829,900           889,000           +55,967          +115,500           +59,100
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          130,500   ................  ................  ................         -130,500   ................  ................
United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund.....           55,000            55,000            45,000            45,000           -10,000           -10,000   ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................           55,000   ................  ................  ................          -55,000   ................  ................
Nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related programs...          405,999           464,000           467,000           499,000           +93,001           +35,000           +32,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................           57,500   ................  ................  ................          -57,500   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Subtotal, Department of State.............................        6,570,718         6,519,912         6,672,835         2,583,499        -3,987,219        -3,936,413        -4,089,336
          Emergency appropriations................................          755,000   ................  ................  ................         -755,000   ................  ................

                    Department of the Treasury

International Affairs Technical Assistance........................           19,800            24,800            18,000            22,800            +3,000            -2,000            +4,800
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................            2,750   ................  ................  ................           -2,750   ................  ................
Debt restructuring................................................           64,350           207,300           200,300           200,300          +135,950            -7,000   ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Department of the Treasury........................           86,900           232,100           218,300           223,100          +136,200            -9,000            +4,800
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
      Total, title III, Bilateral economic assistance.............       19,548,660        17,851,813        17,286,418        17,235,455        -2,313,205          -616,358           -50,963
          Appropriations..........................................      (15,627,410)      (17,851,813)      (17,286,418)      (17,235,455)      (+1,608,045)        (-616,358)         (-50,963)
          Emergency appropriations................................       (3,921,250)  ................  ................  ................      (-3,921,250)  ................  ................
      (By transfer)...............................................          (26,730)          (27,000)          (27,000)          (27,000)            (+270)  ................  ................
      (Transfer out)..............................................         (-26,730)         (-21,000)         (-27,000)         (-21,000)          (+5,730)  ................          (+6,000)

                   TITLE IV--MILITARY ASSISTANCE

                FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

International Military Education and Training.....................           85,877            89,500            85,076            85,877   ................           -3,623              +801
Foreign Military Financing Program:
    Grants:
        Israel....................................................        2,340,000         2,400,000         2,400,000         2,400,000           +60,000   ................  ................
        Egypt.....................................................        1,300,000         1,300,000         1,300,000         1,300,000   ................  ................  ................
        Other.....................................................          910,800           836,000           809,236           879,000           -31,800           +43,000           +69,764
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Grants........................................        4,550,800         4,536,000         4,509,236         4,579,000           +28,200           +43,000           +69,764

    (Limitation on administrative expenses).......................          (41,600)          (41,900)          (41,900)          (41,900)            (+300)  ................  ................
        (by transfer).............................................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          265,000   ................  ................  ................         -265,000   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Total, Foreign Military Financing.........................        4,815,800         4,536,000         4,509,236         4,579,000          -236,800           +43,000           +69,764

Peacekeeping operations...........................................          223,250           221,200           293,200           273,200           +49,950           +52,000           -20,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-28)..................          230,000   ................  ................  ................         -230,000   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Peacekeeping operations...........................          453,250           221,200           293,200           273,200          -180,050           +52,000           -20,000
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
      Total, title IV, Military assistance........................        5,354,927         4,846,700         4,887,512         4,938,077          -416,850           +91,377           +50,565
          Appropriations..........................................       (4,859,927)       (4,846,700)       (4,887,512)       (4,938,077)         (+78,150)         (+91,377)         (+50,565)
          Emergency appropriations................................         (495,000)  ................  ................  ................        (-495,000)  ................  ................
      (Limitation on administrative expenses).....................          (41,600)          (41,900)          (41,900)          (41,900)            (+300)  ................  ................
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================

             TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

               International Financial Institutions

                         World Bank Group

Contribution to the International Bank for Reconstruction and                79,200           106,763           106,763           106,763           +27,563   ................  ................
 Development: Global Environment Facility.........................
Contribution to the International Development Association.........          940,500         1,060,000           950,000         1,000,000           +59,500           -60,000           +50,000
Contribution to Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency..........  ................            1,082   ................  ................  ................           -1,082   ................
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)................           (8,127)           (7,300)           (7,300)           (7,300)            (-827)  ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, World Bank Group.....................................        1,019,700         1,167,845         1,056,763         1,106,763           +87,063           -61,082           +50,000

Contribution to the Inter-American Development Bank: Contribution             1,725            29,232            25,000            25,000           +23,275            -4,232   ................
 to the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund..
Inter-American Investment Corporation.............................  ................            7,264   ................  ................  ................           -7,264   ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Inter-American Development Bank......................            1,725            36,496            25,000            25,000           +23,275           -11,496   ................

Contribution to the Asian Development Fund........................           99,000           133,906           115,306            90,000            -9,000           -43,906           -25,306

Contribution to the African Development Bank:
    Paid-in capital...............................................            3,602             2,037             2,037             2,037            -1,565   ................  ................
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)................          (88,334)          (31,919)          (31,919)          (31,919)         (-56,415)  ................  ................
    Contribution to the African Development Fund..................          134,343           140,584           135,684           105,000           -29,343           -35,584           -30,684
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, African Development Bank.............................          137,945           142,621           137,721           107,037           -30,908           -35,584           -30,684

Contribution to the European Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development:
    Paid-in capital...............................................  ................               10   ................               10               +10   ................              +10
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)................           (2,250)  ................  ................  ................          (-2,250)  ................  ................

Contribution to the International Fund for Agricultural                      14,850            18,072            18,072            18,072            +3,222   ................  ................
 Development......................................................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Financial Institutions.................        1,273,220         1,498,950         1,352,862         1,346,882           +73,662          -152,068            -5,980

             International Organizations and Programs

Appropriation.....................................................          326,163           289,400           333,400           313,925           -12,238           +24,525           -19,475
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================
      Total, title V, Multilateral economic assistance............        1,599,383         1,788,350         1,686,262         1,660,807           +61,424          -127,543           -25,455
      (Limitation on callable capital subscript)..................          (98,711)          (39,219)          (39,219)          (39,219)         (-59,492)  ................  ................
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================

                   TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 694 material support.........................................  ................  ................  ................            1,000            +1,000            +1,000            +1,000
Sec. 699 Global Fund additional amount............................  ................  ................  ................           40,000           +40,000           +40,000           +40,000
Sec. 699 Economic Support fund (rescission).......................  ................  ................  ................          -40,000           -40,000           -40,000           -40,000
Expenditure transfer (Sec. 540)...................................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
Sec. 6084 Security in Asia........................................            9,900   ................  ................  ................           -9,900   ................  ................
Rescission........................................................         -231,350   ................  ................  ................         +231,350   ................  ................
ATB pay raise (Sec. 111 of H.J. Res. 20)..........................           -1,746   ................  ................  ................           +1,746   ................  ................
                                                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title VI, General Provisions.........................         -223,196   ................  ................            1,000          +224,196            +1,000            +1,000
          Appropriations..........................................           (8,154)  ................  ................          (41,000)         (+32,846)         (+41,000)         (+41,000)
          Rescissions.............................................        (-231,350)  ................  ................         (-40,000)        (+191,350)         (-40,000)         (-40,000)
                                                                   =============================================================================================================================

      Grand total.................................................       37,127,661        35,102,620        34,401,900        34,401,900        -2,725,761          -700,720   ................
          Appropriations..........................................      (31,672,603)      (35,102,620)      (34,401,900)      (34,441,900)      (+2,769,297)        (-660,720)         (+40,000)
          Emergency appropriations................................       (5,686,408)  ................  ................  ................      (-5,686,408)  ................  ................
          Rescissions.............................................        (-231,350)  ................  ................         (-40,000)        (+191,350)         (-40,000)         (-40,000)
      (By transfer)...............................................          (26,730)          (27,000)          (27,000)          (37,000)         (+10,270)         (+10,000)         (+10,000)
      (Transfer out)..............................................         (-30,679)         (-21,000)         (-33,000)         (189,000)        (+219,679)        (+210,000)        (+222,000)
      (Limitation on administrative expenses).....................          (41,600)          (41,900)          (41,900)          (41,900)            (+300)  ................  ................
      (Limitation on callable capital subscript)..................          (98,711)          (39,219)          (39,219)          (39,219)         (-59,492)  ................  ................
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