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                                                       Calendar No. 889
110th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 2d Session                                                     110-425

======================================================================



 
     DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
                       APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2009
                                _______
                                

    July 18 (legislative day, July 17), 2008.--Ordered to be printed

  Filed under authority of the order of the Senate of January 4, 2007

                                _______
                                

           Mr. Leahy, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 3288]

    The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 3288) 
making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign 
operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2009, and for other purposes, reports favorably 
thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.



Amounts in new budget authority

Total of bill as reported to the Senate................. $36,777,100,000
Amount of 2008 appropriations...........................  32,957,900,000
Amount of 2009 budget estimate..........................  38,375,675,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
    2008 appropriations.................................  +3,819,200,000
    2009 budget estimate................................  -1,598,575,000


                                CONTENTS

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page
Glossary of Terms................................................     5
Introduction.....................................................     7
    Summary of Estimates.........................................     7
Title I:
    Department of State:
        Administration of Foreign Affairs:
            Diplomatic and Consular Programs.....................     8
            Civilian Stabilization Initiative....................    14
            Capital Investment Fund..............................    14
            Office of Inspector General..........................    15
            Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs...........    15
            Representation Allowances............................    18
            Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials.........    19
            Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance......    19
            Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service...    21
            Buying Power Maintenance Account.....................    21
            Repatriation Loans Program Account...................    22
            Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan..........    22
            Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and 
              Disability 
              Fund...............................................    22
        International Organizations:
            Contributions to International Organizations.........    22
            Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
              Activities.........................................    23
        International Commissions:
            International Boundary and Water Commission, United 
              States and Mexico..................................    24
            Construction.........................................    24
            American Sections, International Commissions.........    24
            International Fisheries Commission...................    25
        Related Agency:
            Broadcasting Board of Governors:
                International Broadcasting Operations............    26
                Broadcasting Capital Improvements................    27
        Related Programs:
            The Asia Foundation..................................    27
            United States Institute of Peace.....................    28
            Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund    28
            Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program...............    28
            Israeli Arab Scholarship Program.....................    28
            East-West Center.....................................    28
            National Endowment for Democracy.....................    29
        Other Commissions:
            Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage 
              Abroad.............................................    29
            Commission on International Religious Freedom........    29
            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.....    30
            Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's 
              Republic of China..................................    30
            United States-China Economic and Security Review 
              Commiss- Gion......................................    30
            United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group..    31
            General Provisions--Title I..........................    31
Title II:
    United States Agency for International Development:
        Administration of Foreign Assistance:
            Funds Appropriated to the President:
                Operating Expenses of the United States Agency 
                  for International Development..................    32
                Capital Investment Fund of the United States 
                  Agency for International Development...........    33
                Operating Expenses of the United States Agency 
                  for International Development Office of 
                  Inspector General..............................    33
Title III:
    Bilateral Economic Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President......................    34
            Global Health and Child Survival.....................    34
            Development Assistance...............................    38
            International Disaster Assistance....................    45
            Global Food Security.................................    45
            Transition Initiatives...............................    46
            Development Credit Authority.........................    46
            Economic Support Fund................................    46
            Democracy Fund.......................................    50
            Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia......    52
            International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement..    53
            Andean Counterdrug Programs..........................    55
        Department of State:
            Migration and Refugee Assistance.....................    57
            United States Emergency Refugee and Migration 
              Assistance Fund....................................    57
            Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and 
              Related Programs...................................    58
        Independent Agencies:
            Peace Corps..........................................    58
            Millennium Challenge Corporation.....................    59
            Inter-American Foundation............................    61
            African Development Foundation.......................    61
        Department of the Treasury:
            International Affairs Technical Assistance...........    61
            Debt Restructuring...................................    61
Title IV:
    International Security Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President:
            Peacekeeping Operations..............................    62
            International Military Education and Training........    62
            Foreign Military Financing Program...................    62
Title V:
    Multilateral Assistance:
        Funds Appropriated to the President:
            International Organizations and Programs.............    65
            Contribution to the International Fund for 
              Agricultural Development...........................    66
            International Financial Institutions.................    66
            Global Environment Facility..........................    66
            Contribution to the International Development 
              Association........................................    66
            Clean Energy Technology..............................    67
            Contribution to the Enterprise for the Americas 
              Multilateral Investment Fund.......................    67
            Contribution to the Asian Development Fund...........    68
            Contribution to the African Development Fund.........    68
Title VI:
    Export and Investment Assistance:
        Export-Import Bank of the United States:
            Inspector General....................................    69
            Subsidy Appropriation................................    69
            Administrative Expenses..............................    69
        Overseas Private Investment Corporation:
            Noncredit Account, Administrative Expenses...........    69
            Program Account, Direct Loans........................    69
        Funds Appropriated to the President, Trade and 
          Development Agency.....................................    70
General Provisions--Titles II-VI.................................    70
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Sen- 
  ate............................................................    72
Compliance With Paragraph 7(c), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................    73
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................    73
Budgetary Impact of Bill.........................................    79
Disclosure of Congressionally Directed Spending Items............    79
.................................................................

                           GLOSSARY OF TERMS

    ACP--Andean Counterdrug Programs
    AEECA--Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia
    ASHA--American Schools and Hospitals Abroad
    BBG--Broadcasting Board of Governors
    CGIAR--Consultative Group on International Agricultural 
Research
    CICIG--International Commission Against Impunity in 
Guatemala
    CIF--Capital Investment Fund
    CIPA--Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities
    CSI--Civilian Stabilization Initiative
    CRSP--Collaborative Research Support Program
    DA--Development Assistance
    DF--Democracy Fund
    DFA--Director for Foreign Assistance
    DRL--Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights 
and Labor
    DRC--Democratic Republic of the Congo
    ERMA--Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund
    ESF--Economic Support Fund
    FAA--Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
    FARC--Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
    FMF--Foreign Military Financing
    FSU--Independent States of the Former Soviet Union
    GAO--Government Accountability Office
    GAVI--Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
    GEF--Global Environmental Facility
    GHCS--Global Health and Child Survival
    HIPC--Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
    HRDF--Human Rights and Democracy Fund
    IAF--Inter-American Foundation
    IBO--International Broadcasting Operations
    ICASS--International Cooperative Administrative Support 
Services
    IDA--International Disaster Assistance
    IDP--Internally Displaced Person
    IFAD--International Fund for Agricultural Development
    IFI--International Financial Institution
    ILEA--International Law Enforcement Training Academies
    IMET--International Military Education and Training
    INCLE--International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
    IO&P--International; Organization and Programs
    LWVF--Patrick Leahy War Victims Fund
    MBN--Middle East Broadcasting Networks
    MCC--Millennium Challenge Corporation
    MEPI--Middle East Partnership Initiative
    MERC--Middle East Regional Cooperative
    MFO--Multinational Force and Observers
    MRA--Migration and Refugee Assistance
    NADR--Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining, and 
Related Programs
    NEC--New Embassy Compound
    NED--National Endowment for Democracy
    NGO--Nongovernmental Organization
    OAS--Organization of American States
    OBO--Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations
    OCB--Office of Cuba Broadcasting
    OFDA--Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
    OIG--Department of State, Office of Inspector General
    OMB--Office of Management and Budget
    OPIC--Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    OSCE--Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
    PEPFAR--President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
    PKO--Peacekeeping Operations
    PRC--People's Republic of China
    RFA--Radio Free Asia
    RFE/RL--Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
    SEED--Assistance for Eastern European and Baltic States
    TB--Tuberculosis
    TDA--Trade and Development Agency
    TI--Transition Initiatives
    U.N.--United Nations
    UNAIDS--Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
    UNDF--United Nations Democracy Fund
    UNFPA--United Nations Population Fund
    UNICEF--United Nations Children's Fund
    UNIFEM--United Nations Development Fund for Women
    USAID--United States Agency for International Development
    USIP--United States Institute for Peace
    VOA--Voice of America
    WFP--World Food Program
    WHO--World Health Organization
    WHTI--Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative
    WTO--World Trade Organization
    XDR--Extensively Drug Resistant

                              INTRODUCTION

                                 SUMMARY TABLE: AMOUNTS IN NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                    Committee
                                                                                                 recommendation
                                                                                  Committee       compared with
                           Item                              Budget request    recommendation    budget estimate
                                                                                                 increase (+) or
                                                                                                  decrease (-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Department of State and Related Agency,             $12,235,857,000   $12,235,663,000         -$194,000
 Administration of Foreign Assistance.....................
Title II--United States Agency for International                 978,784,000       895,559,000       -83,225,000
 Development, Administration of Foreign Assistance........
Title III--Bilateral economic assistance..................    17,882,329,000    16,846,137,000    -1,036,192,000
Title IV--Military assistance.............................     5,149,700,000     4,827,700,000      -322,000,000
Title V--Multilateral assistance..........................     2,348,205,000     2,131,241,000      -216,964,000
Title VI--Export and investment assistance................      -159,200,000      -159,200,000  ................
Title VII--General Provisions.............................  ................  ................  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total...............................................    38,375,675,000    36,777,100,000    -1,598,575,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          Summary of Estimates

    In fiscal year 2008, the Congress appropriated 
$40,506,751,000 for the Department of State and related agency 
and foreign operations and related programs, including 
$7,549,108,000 in supplemental appropriations. For fiscal year 
2009, the Committee recommends $36,777,100,000 of which 
$36,620,000,000 is for discretionary spending and $157,100,000 
is for mandatory spending. The Congress appropriated 
$3,679,500,000 in fiscal year 2009 supplemental funding in the 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110-252).

                           EMERGENCY REQUESTS

    The Committee expects the administration to include all 
fiscal year 2010 funding for programs and activities provided 
for in this act in the regular fiscal year 2010 budget request 
and not assume any additional emergency funding. The Committee 
recommendation includes $40,000,000 under the heading 
Diplomatic and Consular Programs, $4,492,000 under the heading 
Department of State Inspector General, $10,000,000 under the 
heading United States Agency for International Development 
Operating Expenses, and $75,000,000 under the heading Economic 
Support Fund, for programs and activities which were previously 
requested by the administration as emergency funds and 
previously funded by emergency supplemental appropriations 
acts. The Committee intends that these funds will serve as a 
basis for the fiscal year 2010 budget request.

                                TITLE I

                 DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCY

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    The Committee recommends a total of $12,235,663,000 for the 
Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

                   Administration of Foreign Affairs

                    DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $4,541,087,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............     781,632,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................   1,465,700,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   5,364,269,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................     704,900,000
Committee recommendation................................   5,290,000,000

    The Committee recommends $5,290,000,000 for Diplomatic and 
Consular Programs. Of these funds, $4,152,548,000 is for 
ongoing operations, including public diplomacy activities, and 
$1,137,452,000 is for Worldwide Security Protection. The 
Committee recommendation separates the functions funded under 
this heading to provide more transparency in the uses of funds. 
However, the Department of State may reprogram funds as 
required, subject to consultation with the Committee.
    Human Resources.--The Committee recommends $2,073,278,000 
for all American salaries at overseas and domestic United 
States diplomatic missions, including $105,445,000 for 
additional new positions and requisite training.
    Overseas Programs.--The Committee recommends $1,515,683,000 
for the operational programs of regional bureaus of the 
Department of State. Regional bureaus are responsible for 
managing U.S. foreign policy through bilateral and multilateral 
relationships and funds support 267 U.S. Embassies, consulates, 
and other diplomatic posts worldwide.
    Diplomatic Policy and Support.--The Committee recommends 
$572,562,000 for the operational programs of the functional 
bureaus of the Department of State to provide overall policy 
direction, coordination and program management among U.S. 
missions abroad.
    Security Programs.--The Committee recommends $1,128,477,000 
for the operation of security programs, including Worldwide 
Security Protection and the Diplomatic Security bureau, to 
protect diplomatic personnel, overseas diplomatic missions, 
residences, and domestic facilities and information. An 
additional $134,927,000 is included within the Human Resources 
function for salaries to make up the total amount in the bill 
for Worldwide Security Protection, $1,137,452,000.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                        DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                                                                   2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Human Resources:
    American Salaries...........................................       1,842,214       1,820,214         -22,000
        Public Diplomacy American Salaries......................         130,637         130,637  ..............
        Worldwide Security Protection--American Salaries........         134,927         134,927  ..............
    Human Resources.............................................          73,618          71,000          -2,618
    Foreign Service Institute...................................          41,994          41,994  ..............
    New Positions...............................................         105,445         105,445  ..............
    Foreign Service Compensation Reform.........................          34,625          34,625  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Human Resources.................................       2,097,896       2,073,278         -24,618
                                                                 ===============================================
Overseas Programs:
    African Affairs.............................................         177,195         177,195  ..............
    East Asian and Pacific Affairs..............................         143,704         155,785         +12,081
    European and Eurasian Affairs...............................         348,300         348,300  ..............
    Near Eastern Affairs........................................         162,664         120,215         -42,449
    South and Central Asian Affairs.............................          71,224          71,224  ..............
    Western Hemisphere Affairs..................................         143,295         145,295          +2,000
    International Organizations Affairs/International                     23,198          21,306          -1,892
     conferences................................................
    Ambassador's Fund for Cultural Preservation.................           2,000           6,000          +4,000
    Public Diplomacy Programs...................................         264,169         264,169  ..............
    Travel, medical and telecommunications......................         206,194         206,194  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Overseas Programs...............................       1,541,943       1,515,683         -26,260
                                                                 ===============================================
Diplomatic Policy and Support:
    Office of the Secretary.....................................          28,550          28,550  ..............
    Consular Affairs (excluding Border Security Program)........             325             325  ..............
    Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor..........................           4,198           8,056          +3,858
    Political-Military Affairs..................................           9,185           9,185  ..............
    International Security and Nonproliferation.................          16,949          16,949  ..............
    Public Affairs..............................................           8,892           8,892  ..............
    Trafficking in Persons......................................           1,306           1,956            +650
    Legislative Affairs.........................................           1,750           1,750  ..............
    Chief of the Protocol.......................................           1,878           1,878  ..............
    Office of the Under Secretary for Management................           4,564           4,564  ..............
    Resource Management.........................................          53,747          53,747  ..............
    Administration (including GSA rent).........................         321,515         321,515  ..............
        GSA Rents...............................................         183,481         183,481  ..............
    Information Resource Management.............................          74,472          74,472  ..............
    Other offices...............................................          43,278          40,723          -2,555
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Diplomatic Policy and Support...................         570,609         572,562          +1,953
                                                                 ===============================================
Security Programs:
    Worldwide Security Protection...............................       1,027,869       1,002,525         -25,344
    Diplomatic Security.........................................         118,912         118,912  ..............
    Counterterrorism and Office of Foreign Missions.............           7,040           7,040  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Security Programs...............................       1,153,821       1,128,477         -25,344
                                                                 ===============================================
          Total, Diplomatic and Consular Programs...............       4,201,473       4,152,548         -48,925
                                                                 ===============================================
          Total, Worldwide Security Protection..................       1,162,796       1,137,452         -25,344
                                                                 ===============================================
          Total, Diplomatic and Consular Programs...............       5,364,269       5,290,000         -74,269
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                            NEW INITIATIVES

    Staffing.--The Committee is concerned that the gains made 
since 2002 to support the Diplomatic Readiness Initiative were 
depleted due to the Department of State's decision to move more 
positions to Iraq, leaving gaps at many posts and inhibiting 
critical language training. The Committee supports the 
Secretary's initiative to place more diplomats in countries 
where there is a greater U.S. strategic interest. In the next 
phase, the Committee urges the Secretary to further reduce 
domestic positions to bolster areas critical to U.S. interests 
around the world, such as public diplomacy and consular 
services.
    The Committee is generally supportive of the objectives of 
the Diplomatic Solutions Initiative, which seeks to enhance 
interagency coordination and communication as other U.S. 
departments and agencies increasingly conduct assistance 
programs abroad. However, the Department of State's top 
priority must be to meet the personnel requirements of its 
traditional diplomacy functions.
    The Committee questions whether the additional 200 
positions requested for this initiative will resolve challenges 
arising from interagency rivalries, and recommends that prior 
to hiring any new personnel (specifically for Increased 
Interagency Capacity for National Security, Liaison with 
Military Counterparts, and Enhanced Interagency Cooperation), 
the administration should endeavor to improve existing 
frameworks, procedures and regulations, including those at the 
National Security Council, that will bolster the Department of 
State and USAID's responsibility and oversight of U.S. foreign 
assistance.
    With the exception of 300 new positions requested to 
increase Language Proficiency, the Department of State shall 
consult with the Committee prior to the obligation or 
expenditure of any funds to meet the objectives of the Critical 
Skills and Strategic Relationship for Global Engagement, as 
outlined in justification materials.
    The Committee provides authority under section 109 of this 
act for the Department of State to hire annuitants to support 
Consular Affairs in processing passport applications as a 
result of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, consistent 
with authority provided in fiscal year 2008.
    Iraq.--The Committee recommendation includes $40,000,000 to 
support U.S. diplomatic operations in Iraq, $15,000,000 below 
the request. The Committee directs the administration to 
include in the fiscal year 2010 budget request the entire cost 
of operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and other regions which have 
previously relied on emergency supplemental funding for basic 
operating costs. This budgeting gimmick did nothing to lessen 
the impact on other programs worldwide of the enormous cost of 
operations, especially in Iraq, but instead allowed a separate 
budget to grow out of proportion to the Department of State's 
budget for normal diplomatic operations. The Committee notes 
that the Congress has provided $5,700,000,000 for operations of 
the United States Mission in Iraq since 2003, entirely through 
emergency supplemental appropriations. The Committee 
reemphasizes that the size and cost of the United States 
Mission in Iraq should decrease as United States assistance to 
Iraq also diminishes, consistent with direction provided in the 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110-252). The 
Committee strongly encourages steps be taken to regularize the 
planning and budgeting for diplomatic operations which will 
exist in perpetuity into the regular annual budget.
    Management.--Until recently, the oversight for Department 
of State operations and foreign assistance programs was divided 
between two separate appropriations subcommittees, which did 
not allow for the effective coordination of management, policy, 
and programmatic issues. With the consolidation of these 
functions under a single subcommittee, the Congress is better 
positioned to ensure that operational and programmatic funds 
are more efficiently synchronized.
    An unfortunate byproduct of this jurisdictional bifurcation 
has been the reliance of the Department of State on the use of 
program funds for salaries under certain accounts, most notably 
INCLE and MRA. While the Committee appreciates the necessity to 
ensure sufficient personnel for program management and 
oversight, inclusion of salaries from within program funds is 
no longer justifiable. The Department of State and OMB are 
therefore directed to include all salaries for Department 
personnel, including temporary hires, under the D&CP; account, 
and not from within program funds in other accounts. The 
Department of State should consult with the Committee on 
implementation of this mandate no later than November 1, 2008. 
This centralization of salaries will ensure improved management 
and coordination of policy and programs, and increase 
transparency and oversight of the Department of State's 
operations.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

    Border Security Program.--The Committee supports the full 
request for the Department of State Border Security Program, 
funded by fee revenue, $2,124,458,000 in fiscal year 2009, 
including an increase of $64,396,000 to continue to improve 
passport processing operations.
    Broadcasting Programs.--The Committee provides $1,000,000 
for a pilot program to broadcast into economically depressed 
areas of the People's Republic of China [PRC] information that 
might be of interest to the people of the PRC, including issues 
of governance, transparency, corruption, rule of law, foreign 
assistance, and the environment. The Committee directs the 
Bureau of International Information Programs to consult with 
the Committee on the development of this program.
    Colombia.--The Committee recognizes the sacrifice of Thomas 
J. Janis, an American citizen and United States Government 
contractor who was murdered by FARC rebels after the single 
engine plane he was piloting crash landed in the Colombian 
jungle on February 13, 2003. In recognition of his bravery and 
service to the people of the United States and Colombia, the 
Committee recommends that an appropriate recognition in memory 
of Thomas J. Janis be made at the U.S. Embassy in Bogota, 
Colombia.
    Consular Affairs Reform.--In response to unauthorized 
access of individual passport applications the Department of 
State Inspector General [IG] conducted an audit of the Consular 
Affairs passport records system, ``Review of Controls and 
Notification for Access to Passport Records in the Department 
of State's Passport Information Electronic Records System 
[PIERS]'' (AUD/IP-08-29), July 2008. The IG found that the 
Consular Affairs bureau lacked policies, procedures, and 
systems to prevent, detect and punish unauthorized access of 
passport records. The IG made 22 recommendations for specific 
improvements necessary in the Consular Affairs bureau to better 
protect personal information. The Committee recommendation 
includes a provision requiring that all IG recommendations are 
implemented and withholds 20 percent of the funds available for 
the Border Security program in fiscal year 2009 until the 
Secretary certifies compliance. The Committee strongly 
encourages the Department of State and the Inspector General to 
examine other best practices and improvements to increase the 
integrity and security of the system and report to the 
Committee on implementation of reforms not later than November 
1, 2008. A copy of such report shall be provided to any other 
committee of Congress upon request. In particular, the 
Committee directs the Department of State to maintain a high 
standard of personal privacy for all information shared with 
other agencies.
    Cultural Heritage.--The Committee recommends $7,000,000 to 
preserve cultural heritage through Department programs and 
activities, of which $6,000,000 shall be for the Ambassador's 
Fund for Cultural Preservation [AFCP] and $1,000,000 shall be 
for the Cultural Antiquities Task Force. This is an increase of 
$3,000,000 above the budget request for AFCP, to support at 
least three projects of a significant scale and historic 
cultural value. The Department of State should consult with the 
Committee prior to the obligation of funds for these 
activities. The Committee directs the Department of State to 
provide sufficient staff to support the AFCP and to develop 
Regional Cultural Preservation Officers, if feasible, at posts 
to facilitate preservation.
    DRL Oversight.--The Committee recommends $3,858,000 above 
the budget request for DRL to increase the capacity for 
oversight, in addition to $2,000,000 provided by transfer under 
the FMF account.
    Disability Coordinator.--The Committee is concerned that 
the current Department of State Disability Coordinator is also 
assigned to other tasks besides disability issues, and as a 
result the concerns of people with disabilities are not 
currently being addressed as effectively as necessary. In order 
to ensure the integration of people with disabilities in 
Department of State policies, programs, activities, outreach 
and staff opportunities, the Committee directs the Department 
of State to establish a dedicated, full-time Disability 
Coordinator and to consult with the Committee within 90 days on 
efforts to address this issue.
    Directorate for Defense Trade Controls [DDTC], Bureau of 
Political-Military Affairs.--The Committee notes the budget 
request included no additional positions for the DDTC, and 
requests the Department of State to consult with the Committee 
on the advisability of additional personnel at the DDTC to 
increase efficiency in reviewing the export/import of defense 
articles and services covered by the United States Munitions 
List.
    IT Central Fund.--The Committee supports the increase of 
$100,000,000 above the prior year funding levels for this 
function, as proposed in the budget request, and recommends 
particular focus on IT security and integration with other U.S. 
Government agencies, particularly USAID and the Department of 
Defense.
    Public Diplomacy.--The Committee recommends $264,169,000 
for public diplomacy programs, an amount equal to the request, 
and supports the proposed 20 new positions. The Committee notes 
that unlike previous appropriations for this function, salaries 
are not included in this amount. An additional $130,637,000 is 
included under the Human Resources function for salaries, equal 
to the request.
    Soft Targets.--The Committee recommends $25,500,000 for 
security enhancements to soft targets such as overseas schools 
and residential compounds, an increase of $2,000,000 above the 
budget request. The Committee directs that additional funds be 
used in countries and regions impacted by political 
instability.
    Tibet.--The Committee directs that up to $1,000,000 shall 
be made available to establish a Tibet Section within the U.S. 
Embassy in Beijing, People's Republic of China for the purposes 
of following political, economic, and social developments 
inside Tibet, including Tibetan areas of Qinghai, Sichuan, 
Gansu, and Yunnan provinces, until such time as a U.S. 
Consulate in Tibet is established. This section shall have the 
primary responsibility for reporting on human rights issues in 
Tibet, shall work in close cooperation with the offices of the 
Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, and the Tibet Section 
Chief should be of senior rank.
    The Committee recommends $1,000,000 to support the Special 
Coordinator for Tibetan Issues.
    Trafficking in Persons.--The Committee recommends 
$1,956,000 for the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in 
Persons, an increase of $650,000 above the request, and directs 
that the Director of this office make recommendations on an 
annual basis to the Director of Foreign Assistance on funding 
requirements to support the anti-trafficking strategy for each 
country identified in the annual Trafficking in Persons Report. 
The Committee recommends that additional funds are used to 
improve monitoring and evaluation of grants.
    The Committee encourages the Office to continue the efforts 
begun in 2008 to increase monitoring and enforcement of 
Department of State regulations related to the treatment and 
protection against abuse of A-3 and G-5 visa recipient domestic 
workers.
    Visa and Passport Security Strategy.--The Committee 
supports the budget request for an additional 130 positions to 
address document fraud issues.
    Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative.--The Committee 
directs the Secretary to continue to monitor implementation of 
the WHTI according to the statutory deadline of no earlier than 
June 1, 2009, and, as needed, to increase temporary staffing to 
quickly respond to increases in demand for passports or 
passport cards. Smooth implementation of the WHTI is critical 
to border economies and communities and the Committee expects 
that additional resources shall be requested if required. The 
Department of Homeland Security and the Department of State are 
directed to provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on 
progress being made in meeting these requirements.

                   CIVILIAN STABILIZATION INITIATIVE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................................
Budget estimate, 2009...................................    $248,631,000
Committee recommendation................................     115,000,000

    The Committee recommends $115,000,000 for the Civilian 
Stabilization Initiative, $133,631,000 less than the request. 
These funds are in addition to $30,000,000 provided under the 
heading ``Diplomatic and Consular Programs'' and $25,000,000 
provided under the heading ``United States Agency for 
International Development Operating Expenses'' in the 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110-252) to 
establish and implement a coordinated civilian response 
capacity at the Department of State and USAID. Funding is 
provided under a unified heading in this act; however the 
Committee intends that funds will support a proportional number 
of additional positions at the Department of State and USAID.
    The Committee directs that the Secretary of State submit to 
the Committee a financial plan for fiscal year 2009 no later 
than 45 days after enactment of this act designating the amount 
for each function of the CSI. The use of funds provided under 
this heading is subject to the regular notification procedures 
of the Committee on Appropriations, consistent with section 714 
of this act. As requested, the Committee provides authority for 
funds to remain available until expended and expects that 
future budget requests will take into account the initial 
investment in training and equipment provided in fiscal year 
2009. The Committee directs that any funds designated in the 
annual financial plan for Civilian Deployment and Force 
Protection shall be maintained in a separate account and kept 
in reserve for a crisis requiring deployment overseas and that 
quarterly reports on obligations and expenditures of such funds 
shall be submitted to the Committee. The Committee provides 
authority to transfer up to $50,000,000 from funds made 
available by titles I, II, III, and IV of this act and prior 
acts only to support a civilian response corps if such a corps 
is actively deployed overseas responding to a crisis. The 
Committee expects the Secretary of State to judiciously 
exercise this authority, after consulting with the Committee, 
and directs the Secretary to request supplemental funds for 
unanticipated emergency requirements to support a civilian 
response corps, if needed.
    The Committee encourages the Department of State to consult 
with academic institutions to further refine the CSI.

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $59,575,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      71,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      71,000,000

    The Committee recommends $71,000,000 for the Capital 
Investment Fund.

                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $33,733,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................       9,500,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      35,508,000
Committee recommendation................................      40,000,000

    The Committee recommends $40,000,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General, an increase of $4,492,000 above the request 
to regularize additional funding provided in emergency 
supplemental appropriations acts to strengthen oversight of 
programs in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Middle East. The 
Committee notes that the OIG conducts regular audits and 
inspections of the Department's programs and intends that the 
additional funds be used to expand inspections of government 
contracts, agency programs and other reconstruction activities.

               EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $501,347,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     522,444,000
Committee recommendation................................     545,250,000

    The Committee recommends $545,250,000 for Educational and 
Cultural Exchange Programs.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                   EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year                     Change from
                                                    Fiscal year    2009  budget      Committee        budget
                                                   2008  enacted     estimate     recommendation     estimate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Academic Programs:
    Fulbright Program: Students, Scholars,               220,842         233,841         233,841  ..............
     Teachers, Humphrey, Undergraduates.........
                                                 ===============================================================
Global Academic Exchanges:
    Educational Advising and Student Services...          10,586          11,586          12,000            +414
    English Language Programs...................          14,413          22,413          29,000          +6,587
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Global Academic Exchanges.......          24,999          33,999          41,000          +7,001
                                                 ===============================================================
Special Academic Exchanges:
    Regional Graduate Fellowships...............          22,020          22,020          22,020  ..............
    American Overseas Research Centers..........           3,785           3,785           4,000            +215
    South Pacific Exchanges.....................             496             496             500              +4
    Timor Leste Exchanges.......................             496             496             500              +4
    Disability Exchange Clearinghouse...........             496             496             500              +4
    Benjamin Gilman International Scholarship              5,810           5,810           7,200          +1,390
     Program....................................
    George Mitchell Fellowship Program..........             496             496             500              +4
    Hemispheric Program.........................             496             496             500              +4
    Tibet Fulbright.............................             744             744             750              +6
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Special Academic Exchanges......          34,839          34,839          36,470          +1,631
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, Academic Programs..................         280,680         302,679         311,311          +8,632
                                                 ===============================================================
Professional and Cultural Exchanges:
    International Visitor Program...............          77,621          77,620          78,777          +1,157
    Leaders in Education Initiative.............  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............
    Citizen Exchange Programs...................          49,572          57,377          57,377  ..............
    Kennedy-Lugar Youth Ambassadors Program.....          23,806          19,000          24,000          +5,000
                                                 ===============================================================
Special Professional and Cultural Exchanges:
    Congress Bundestag Youth Exchange...........           3,230           3,230           3,230  ..............
    Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program...........           1,862           1,862           1,862  ..............
    Irish Institute.............................             992             992           1,000              +8
    Ngwang Choephel Fellows (Tibet).............             645             645             650              +5
    Youth Science programs......................             149             149             150              +1
    Institute for Representative Government.....             496             496             496  ..............
    Pakistan Literacy Training Program..........             372             372             375              +3
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Special Professional and                   7,746           7,746           7,763             +17
       Cultural Exchanges.......................
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Professional and Cultural Exchanges         158,745         161,743         167,917          +6,174
                                                 ===============================================================
One-time grant program..........................           9,917  ..............           8,000          +8,000
                                                 ===============================================================
Program and Performance:
    Evaluation Program..........................           1,894           1,895           1,895  ..............
    Alumni Global Networks Program..............           1,250           1,250           1,250  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Program and Performance.........           3,144           3,145           3,145  ..............
                                                 ===============================================================
Exchanges Support...............................          48,861          54,877          54,877  ..............
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, ECE................................         501,347         522,444         545,250         +22,806
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Every program for which the Committee recommends funding in 
the previous table is established pursuant to an act of 
Congress, or is a program for which funding is authorized by an 
act of Congress, or was included in the President's budget 
request for fiscal year 2009.
    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 of the funds made 
available under this heading, in addition to the amount 
requested, for programs to increase the number of U.S. students 
studying abroad and foreign students studying in the United 
States, and to improve the capacity of educational institutions 
in non-traditional study abroad locations, especially 
developing countries, to receive additional U.S. students for 
quality overseas study.
    Institutional capacity is critical to successful expansion 
of American study abroad programs and the Committee recommends 
the Department of State use additional resources to: (1) 
provide direct grants to students for study abroad; (2) 
replicate existing capacity in targeted regions at quality 
overseas educational institutions; and (3) engage U.S. 
educational institutions to reduce barriers to study abroad, 
such as improving advising and credit systems.
    The Congress supports expanding international exchange as 
evidenced by increased support in this act and pending 
authorizing legislation. Expanding the capacity of receiving 
foreign institutions, especially in developing countries and 
outside of capital cities, will provide a base for the 
expansion of Americans studying abroad. The base for expanding 
the number of foreigners who come to the United States is an 
understanding of English. Learning English is the foundation 
for better understanding American policies and values and such 
programs enable a greater diversity of foreign students to come 
to the United States. The Committee recommends $29,000,000 for 
learning English, an increase of $6,587,000 above the request. 
A more permanent link in planning and funding should be made 
between learning English, study in the United States, and the 
development of future leaders.
    Taking into account current programs which support these 
goals and proposed legislation, the Committee directs the 
Department of State to develop a coordinated strategy to expand 
exchange to reach a greater number of Americans and foreigners 
from non-traditional backgrounds, particularly low income and 
minority populations. This strategy should inform the 
administration's planning and budgeting in the near and long-
term to expand exchanges and to better focus on interrelated 
advantages of existing programs which will ultimately benefit 
U.S. public diplomacy goals.
    Muslim Youth Exchange.--The Committee initiated a program 
in the Supplemental Appropriations Act for Further Recovery 
from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States, 
2002 (Public Law 107-206), to enable secondary school students 
from countries with significant Muslim populations to study for 
an academic year in the United States. This appropriation and 
the program were based on legislation, S. 2505, which was 
sponsored by Senators Kennedy and Lugar in 2002. In 2005, the 
Department of State began calling the program the Youth 
Exchange Study program.
    The program has enabled approximately 2,700 young students 
from more than 30 countries to attend high schools throughout 
the United States for a year. The Committee supports the goals 
of this program and encourages its growth in countries with 
significant Muslim populations, where the perception of the 
United States faces the greatest challenges. In commemoration 
of the fifth anniversary of the program and in recognition of 
the impact of the program in promoting dialogue, increasing 
understanding and enhancing cultural diplomacy between the 
United States and foreign countries, the legislation includes 
language designating this program as the Kennedy-Lugar Youth 
Ambassadors Program. The Committee recommends $24,000,000 for 
this program, an increase of $5,000,000 above the budget 
request, to continue the U.S. high school pilot program created 
in fiscal year 2008 and expand recruitment and alumni 
activities.
    Western Hemisphere.--The Committee supports not less than 
the request of $35,521,000 to expand exchange programs in the 
Western Hemisphere, with emphasis on indigenous and other 
minority populations. An additional $5,000,000 is provided from 
funding under the Merida Initiative to support academic 
exchanges for Central American students with high financial 
need. The Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 
110-252) provided $5,000,000 for similar purposes.
    Eurasia.--The Committee recommends funding to support not 
less than 1,100 students from Eurasia in the Future Leaders 
Exchange Program for both academic-year and summer programs.
    One-time International Exchange Grant Program.--The 
Committee recommends $8,000,000 to provide one-time competitive 
grants for international exchanges that address issues of 
mutual interest to the United States and other countries, 
consistent with the criteria established in fiscal year 2008. 
This program shall be only for the actual exchange of people 
and should benefit a population that is not being addressed 
through existing authorized exchanges. The Department of State 
shall submit a report of those organizations that are eligible 
for a grant and, not later than September 1, 2009, submit a 
report to the Committee describing the grant recipients and 
intended use of funds.
    The Committee encourages the Department to utilize this new 
program to expand international exchanges in areas that are not 
predominantly served by other U.S. Government exchange 
programs, such as exchange with developing countries; community 
leaders who would not traditionally have an opportunity to 
participate in an exchange; students and youth with high 
financial need; and minority ethnic groups.
    Exchange programs eligible for consideration shall include:
    Castleton State College.--A proposal for international 
service-learning exchange programs.
    Concordia College.--A proposal for intensive critical 
language and cultural immersion exchange programs.
    KIDmocracy.--A proposal for student exchange with Egypt on 
democracy and governance.
    Monmouth University.--A proposal for exchange with social 
workers from West Africa.
    New Mexico State University/Youth Works International.--A 
proposal to bring young leaders from developing countries to 
the Gila Wilderness for land management training.
    Vermont Law School.--A proposal for an exchange program 
with China to address environment, energy, and related 
governance issues.
    The Committee notes that programs recommended by the 
Committee in prior years for one-time grants will not be 
considered for additional one-time funding in future years. The 
Committee encourages the Department to consider new proposals 
from previously funded grantees within discretionary funding if 
they meet appropriate guidelines.

                       REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $8,109,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       8,175,000
Committee recommendation................................       8,175,000

    The Committee recommends $8,175,000 for Representation 
Allowances to provide reimbursement to Foreign Service Officers 
for expenditures incurred in their official capacities abroad 
in establishing and maintaining relations with officials of 
foreign governments and members of local communities. The 
Committee recommends that not more than $500,000 of the funds 
made available under this account and under Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service may be made available for 
official representation funds for the Office of the Chief of 
Protocol.

              PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $22,814,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      18,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      12,000,000

    The Committee recommends $12,000,000 for the Protection of 
Foreign Missions and Officials, $6,000,000 less than the 
request, to reimburse local governments and communities for the 
extraordinary costs incurred in providing protection for 
international organizations, foreign missions and officials, 
and foreign dignitaries under certain circumstances.
    The Committee recommends that in instances where a local 
jurisdiction will realize a financial benefit from a visit by a 
foreign delegation, such circumstances should be taken into 
account by the Department of State in assessing the need for 
reimbursement under this program. The Committee expects the 
Department to provide reimbursement to local jurisdictions on a 
timely basis if claims are fully justified.

            EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $1,425,574,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................      76,700,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   1,789,734,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................      41,300,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,765,225,000

    The Committee recommends $1,765,225,000 for Embassy 
Security, Construction, and Maintenance to provide for 
management of the United States Government's real property 
assets overseas in order to provide diplomatic and consular 
missions with secure, safe, and functional facilities. Of the 
funds provided under this heading, $800,000,000 is for 
maintenance and planning for Department of State facilities, 
$830,000,000 is for the Department of State worldwide security 
upgrades, acquisition, and construction program, and 
$135,225,000 is for the USAID overseas facility construction 
program. As the Committee understands that the request to build 
a new Embassy compound in The Hague, Kingdom of the Netherlands 
is not on schedule, no funding is recommended in this act for 
this project.
    Consolidated Planning.--The conduct of United States 
foreign policy depends on regular engagement with local 
populations, and the Committee recommendation for overseas 
facilities seeks to improve public access to more effectively 
address public diplomacy requirements, and to plan and 
construct secure facilities which reflect the combined 
requirements of diplomacy and development. To this end the 
Committee recommends funding for the USAID overseas facility 
construction program under this heading, rather than under the 
United States Agency for International Development, Capital 
Investment Fund account, as requested. The Committee directs 
the Department of State and USAID to work in concert to manage 
overseas facilities to more effectively and efficiently meet 
U.S. foreign affairs objectives. Coordination should include 
worldwide facilities assessments, planning, requests for 
funding, and implementation of facilities construction and 
maintenance activities. Facilities requirements are identified 
by field operations and evaluated by a rigorous right-sizing 
process and expertise from the Bureau of Overseas Buildings 
Operations [OBO]. The Long-Range Overseas Buildings Plan should 
reflect combined United States foreign policy priorities in 
diplomacy and development.
    The Committee directs that the Secretary of State submit an 
annual plan on the joint requirements of the Department of 
State and USAID and planned facilities upgrades and new 
construction for each fiscal year. This plan should include the 
allocation of space by agency that reflects U.S. policy 
priorities. The plan shall include the proposed use of annual 
appropriated funds and proceeds of sale for each proposed new 
project and each ongoing project and how the use of funding 
meets a joint requirement. In addition, coordinated planning 
should anticipate future expansion and build in a certain 
degree of flexibility if a U.S. program expands or contracts. 
The Capital Security Cost Sharing program and the ICASS system 
shall be relied upon to ensure that every agency pays its share 
of space in overseas facilities.
    The Committee directs OBO to evaluate the process by which 
posts are designated as priority for new construction, 
rehabilitation and upgrades. The new embassy construction 
evaluation process should include the optimal location for a 
post given the local political, security, and social 
environment. In addition, an evaluation of the foreign policy 
priorities for an individual mission and post should include 
public diplomacy goals, the most effective manner of engaging 
the local population, and how facilities can best contribute to 
those goals. The Committee strongly supports the recently 
developed model American Center, American Corners, and the 
urban standard Embassy design as models to deploy worldwide. 
The Committee is concerned that American libraries have been 
closed in many posts and an alternative venue for the public to 
learn about the United States has not been created. The 
Committee encourages the OBO to evaluate these models and seek 
to develop other design options, including the use of security 
technology that could enable greater public access to 
facilities. In addition, the Committee recognizes OBO's work to 
develop environmentally sound buildings and seek certification 
consistent with the Leadership in Energy and Environmental 
Design Systems [LEEDS] and encourages this effort to accelerate 
and expand.
    The Committee recognizes the importance of flexibility in 
order to respond to changing conditions on the ground to 
prioritize a new facility over previously planned projects. In 
the last year the Committee has worked with the Department of 
State to address funding needs to repair two United States 
Embassies damaged in civil unrest in Chad and Serbia. The 
ability to respond to changing facilities requirements is 
important; however, appropriate consultation and prudent use of 
resources is paramount. The Department of State shall consult 
with the Committee on the proposed use of funds and 
modifications from the budget request within 60 days of 
enactment of this act and prior to submission of the annual 
financial plan.
    Embassy Maintenance Cost.--The Department of State has 
completed the construction of over 50 capital security projects 
since 2000. The 2006 GAO report on new Embassy construction 
found the Department of State does not clearly identify the 
projected operations and maintenance costs for the new 
Embassies it builds. Embassy maintenance costs are funded by 
ICASS, funds appropriated to Department of State bureaus under 
the Diplomatic and Consular Programs account, and to OBO under 
this heading, and other agencies, and there is no source that 
clearly and solely identifies the specific resource needs for 
basic operations and maintenance activities at posts. As a 
result, there is no mechanism that allows Congress to determine 
whether Embassy maintenance needs are being adequately planned 
for and funded. Two years later, the Department of State has 
made little progress to implement GAO's recommendation to 
improve maintenance planning, as the Department itself had 
agreed.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of State to report to 
the Committee within 90 days of enactment of this act on a plan 
to address maintenance costs for: (1) new Embassy compounds, 
including accurate estimates of the resources needed for the 
increased costs of utilities, technical staff, and new systems; 
(2) older Embassies that will not be replaced and their age-
related maintenance needs; and (3) Department of State 
residences. The report should address if ICASS is effective in 
supporting post maintenance, given that it is a voluntary 
system. The Committee is considering that a more dedicated 
funding system for maintenance, such as the cost-sharing 
program for construction, could be adapted to fully fund 
necessary maintenance. The Committee seeks to protect the 
significant investment made to date to construct more secure 
facilities. This report will inform the Committee's 
consideration of future budget requests to replace an 
additional 150 existing insecure facilities, as planned by the 
Department of State.
    New Embassy Compounds.--The Committee directs the 
Department of State to construct NECs in developed countries 
that are architecturally appropriate and consistent with the 
surrounding physical environment, and in a manner that does not 
comprise security. The Committee mandates these requirements 
for any future construction of an NEC in London, United 
Kingdom.

           EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $8,927,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      19,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       9,000,000

    The Committee recommends $9,000,000 for Emergencies in the 
Diplomatic and Consular Service, $10,000,000 less than the 
request. Funds in this account are used to meet unforeseen 
emergency requirements as authorized by section 4 of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act; however, the Committee 
strongly encourages the Department of State to prioritize 
expenditures for evacuations and rewards and to minimize the 
use of this fund for travel and representational expenses.

                    BUYING POWER MAINTENANCE ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2009....................................................
Emergency Supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................     $26,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................................
Committee recommendation................................       5,000,000

    The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for the Buying Power 
Maintenance Account to manage exchange rate losses in the cost 
of Department of State operations overseas. The Committee 
expects the fiscal year 2010 and future budget requests to 
include a request for funding in this account.

                   REPATRIATION LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $1,275,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       1,353,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,353,000

    The Committee recommends $1,353,000 for the Repatriation 
Loans Program Account, a direct loan program in accordance with 
the Credit Reform Act which assists United States citizens 
overseas in dire need.

              PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $16,219,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      16,840,000
Committee recommendation................................      16,840,000

    The Committee recommends $16,840,000 for the American 
Institute in Taiwan, to support United States political and 
security interests, provide consular services, and promote 
exchange programs in Taiwan.

     PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $158,900,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     122,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     157,100,000

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $157,100,000 
for this account, and consolidates in one account funding for 
both the Department of State and USAID mandatory retirement and 
disability programs.
    This appropriation is authorized by Public Law 96-465, the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980, which provides for an 
appropriation to the fund in 30 equal annual installments of 
the amount required for the unfunded liability created by new 
benefits, new groups of beneficiaries, or increased salaries on 
which benefits are computed.

                      International Organizations


              CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $1,343,429,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................      66,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   1,529,400,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................      75,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,529,400,000

    The Committee recommends $1,529,400,000 for Contributions 
to International Organizations, an amount equal to the request, 
and, in addition to $75,000,000 in supplemental funding for 
fiscal year 2009 provided in Public Law 110-252, continues the 
Committee's effort to provide the necessary funds to pay U.S. 
assessments to these organizations in a timely manner.
    The Committee recommendation provides the assessed costs of 
U.S. membership in international organizations as authorized by 
conventions, treaties, or specific acts of Congress for fiscal 
year 2009. The Committee directs OMB to request sufficient 
funds to pay annual U.S. assessed dues and any accumulated 
arrears to international organizations and encourages the 
Department of State to evaluate the benefit of U.S. membership 
on an annual basis.

        CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $1,222,517,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-28)..............     468,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................     373,708,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   1,497,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................     150,500,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,650,000,000

    The Committee recommends $1,650,000,000 for CIPA, which is 
$153,000,000 above the budget request, in addition to 
$150,500,000 in supplemental funding for fiscal year 2009 
provided in Public Law 110-252. The total amount available in 
fiscal year 2009 is still $177,000,000 below projected current 
requirements for U.S. contributions to peacekeeping.
    The Committee notes that the budget request for U.S. 
assessed contributions to international peacekeeping missions 
assumed a reduction in the cost of every mission below the 
fiscal year 2008 operating level, yet the United States voted 
in the U.N. Security Council to expand the mandate of 
peacekeeping missions. The Committee recognizes the significant 
contribution to international peace and stability provided by 
U.N. peacekeeping activities, without the participation of U.S. 
troops. The Committee does not support OMB's practice of under-
funding peacekeeping activities and relying on limited 
supplemental funds to support only a few missions. The 
Committee urges continued U.S. support for U.N. peacekeeping 
missions at the assessed level for the current year, including 
in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cyprus.
    The Committee directs the Department of State to seek to 
ensure that all peacekeepers, civilian police, and other United 
Nations personnel being trained and equipped with funds 
contributed by the United States in preparation for deployment 
as part of peacekeeping missions, receive proper training to 
prevent and respond to violence against women and girls. The 
Secretary of State should work aggressively with the United 
Nations to ensure that individuals who are found to have 
engaged in exploitation or violence against women are held 
accountable, including prosecution in their home countries.
    The Committee recommendation includes language, as 
requested by the President, to adjust the authorized level of 
U.S. assessments for peacekeeping activities for calendar year 
2009 and prior years from 25 percent to 27.1 percent, 
consistent with the level set in fiscal year 2008 (Public Law 
110-161). The Committee notes that the Congress also provided 
the same adjustment in fiscal year 2005 and that the 
administration has requested such adjustment in each fiscal 
year since. The Committee expects that future budget requests 
shall include sufficient funding to support such authorization.

                       International Commissions

    The Committee recommends funding to fully meet United 
States treaty obligations to international commissions in 
fiscal year 2009 and recognizes that funds are requested under 
the Department of State as a result of international treaties. 
However, other United States Government agencies could provide 
additional expertise to international commissions. The 
Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committee no 
later than June 1, 2009 on the legal authorities and missions 
of the international commissions funded by this act. The report 
shall examine the feasibility of funding the operational 
functions of international commissions within other U.S. 
agencies, such as the Department of the Interior and the U.S. 
Army Corps of Engineers, or whether increased collaboration 
could produce efficiencies in infrastructure as well as add 
expertise. The foreign policy functions of the commissions 
shall remain with the Department of State.

 INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $30,184,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      32,256,000
Committee recommendation................................      32,256,000

    The Committee recommends $32,256,000 for the International 
Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $87,709,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      44,250,000
Committee recommendation................................      52,250,000

    The Committee recommends $52,250,000 for construction, 
$8,000,000 above the request. The Committee recommendation 
supports the projects and activities included in the budget 
request, including $28,000,000 for secondary treatment of 
Tijuana sewage and $21,000,000 for Rio Grande flood control 
rehabilitation and canalization.

              AMERICAN SECTIONS, INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $10,851,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      11,449,000
Committee recommendation................................      11,320,000

    The Committee recommends $11,320,000 for American Sections.
    Within the amount provided, $2,250,000 is for the 
International Boundary Commission, $6,870,000 is for the 
International Joint Commission, and $2,200,000 is for the 
Border Environment Cooperation Commission. Within the amount 
provided for the International Joint Commission, $400,000 is to 
support an international agreement with Canada to improve the 
water quality of the Missisquoi Bay.

                  INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $26,312,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      22,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      30,025,000

    The Committee recommends $30,025,000 for the International 
Fisheries Commissions.
    The Committee recommendation is $8,025,000 above the budget 
request in order to provide the actual treaty-obligated dues in 
fiscal year 2009. Within the amount provided for GLFC, 
$1,000,000 is for lamprey control and water quality 
improvements and the Committee recommends the Commission 
consider a proposal of the Lake Champlain Basin Program. The 
Committee directs that necessary funding to continue these 
programs is included in future budget requests. The Committee 
urges OMB to request sufficient funding for the commissions to 
support United States access to fisheries resources governed by 
international treaties to which the United States is a party.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                       INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Program                       2008  enacted   2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission [IATTC].       1,785.420       1,785.000       1,785.420          +0.420
Great Lakes Fishery Commission [GLFC]...........      16,627.220      13,140.000      19,300.000      +6,160.000
Pacific Salmon Commission [PSC].................       3,024.303       2,936.000       3,200.000        +264.000
International Pacific Halibut Commission [IPHC].       2,787.239       2,300.000       3,500.000      +1,200.000
Other Marine Conservation Organizations:
    International Whaling Commission [IWC]......         257.894         182.000         166.000         -16.000
    North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission             138.866         139.000         180.000         +41.000
     [NPAFC]....................................
    International Commission for the                     267.813         250.000         270.000         +20.000
     Conservation of Atlantic Tunas [ICCAT].....
    Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization            247.975         200.000         355.000        +155.000
     [NAFO].....................................
    Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic          94.231          94.000         123.516         +29.516
     Marine Living Resources [CCAMLR]...........
    North Atlantic Salmon Conservation                    49.595          50.000          55.000          +5.000
     Organization [NASCO].......................
    International Council for the Exploration of         218.218         218.000         254.970         +36.970
     the Sea [ICES].............................
    North Pacific Marine Science Organization            104.149         104.000         113.800          +9.800
     [PICES]....................................
    International Sea Turtle Conservation.......         138.866         129.000         140.000         +11.000
    Antarctic Treaty............................          49.595          36.000          35.000          -1.000
    Western and Central Pacific Fisheries                406.678         317.000         426.294        +109.294
     Commission [WCPFC].........................
    Expenses of the U.S. Commissioners..........         114.069         120.000         120.000  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Marine Conservation              2,087.949       1,839.000       2,239.580        +400.580
       Organizations............................
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, International Fisheries Commissions      26,312.131      22,000.000      30,025.000      +8,025.000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             RELATED AGENCY


                    Broadcasting Board of Governors


                 INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $671,343,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................       2,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     688,193,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................       6,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     682,064,000

    The Committee recommends $682,064,000 for IBO, $6,129,000 
below the request.
    This account funds the operating and engineering costs of 
VOA, OCB, RFE/RL, RFA, MBN, and the BBG.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                      INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Program                       2008  enacted   2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Broadcasting Bureau:
    Voice of America............................         188,945         184,686         184,619             -67
    Broadcasting to Cuba........................          33,365          34,392          34,392  ..............
    Engineering and Technical Services..........         179,006         169,961         170,102            +141
    Agency Direction............................          26,598          26,795          25,795          -1,000
    IBB Support.................................          23,068          25,785          24,785          -1,000
    Program Support.............................          12,495          13,789          14,010            +221
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, IBB.............................         463,477         455,408         453,703          -1,705
                                                 ===============================================================
Independent Grantee Organizations:
    Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.............          81,858          87,225          90,608          +3,383
    Radio Free Asia.............................          34,317          33,166          33,753            +587
    Middle East Broadcasting Networks...........          91,691         112,394         104,000          -8,394
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Grantees........................         207,866         232,785         228,361          -4,424
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, International Broadcasting                  671,343         688,193         682,064          -6,129
       Operations...............................
                                                 ===============================================================
Broadcasting Capital Improvements...............          10,748          11,296          11,296  ..............
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, BBG................................         682,091         699,489         693,360          -6,129
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Anti-Jamming Efforts.--The Committee recognizes the 
advancement made by BBG to implement new technologies for VOA 
and RFA broadcasts to more effectively defeat jamming efforts 
and to reach wider audiences, especially in English, and 
encourages the continued implementation of such programs.
    Language Service Reductions.--The Committee recommends 
sufficient funding in fiscal year 2009, including $8,000,000 
provided in Public Law 110-252, the Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 2008, to maintain broadcasting in languages which the BBG 
proposed to reduce or eliminate. The Committee supports an 
ongoing effort to improve audience reach by utilizing the most 
effective means of transmission; however, the Committee does 
not support going silent in many critical regions. The 
Committee recommends the BBG consider whether existing English-
language broadcasting programming can be used by VOA, if it 
meets authorized standards.
    North Korea.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$8,000,000 for broadcasting into North Korea through RFA Korea 
Service and VOA Korea Service. The Committee commends BBG for 
increasing the hours of original content broadcast daily into 
North Korea, and notes the upgrade of radio transmission to 
medium wave technology.
    Transparency in Broadcasting.--The Committee remains 
concerned with the integrity of U.S. broadcasting overseas and 
includes a provision to ensure that the Inspector General of 
the Department of State and BBG continues to monitor and report 
on the content of broadcasts to the Middle East and Iran. BBG 
programs are intended to reach countries where fair and 
unbiased local media is limited and therefore broadcasting a 
variety of views are required. The Inspector General's report 
(ISP-IB-08-45, May 2008) noted several ways to strengthen the 
transparency and accountability of broadcasts, such as 
adherence to a journalistic code of ethics, rigorous training 
programs and internal monitoring. The Committee reiterates its 
strong support for free and fair broadcasting, and in 
particular the importance of providing many points of view to 
maintain balanced reporting.
    The Committee notes that the U.S. International 
Broadcasting Act of 1994, as amended, lays out strict standards 
and principles for U.S. international broadcasting that define 
its journalistic mission and responsibilities. The Committee 
directs the members of the BBG to rigorously oversee all 
broadcasting programs funded under this heading to ensure they 
are within authorized mandates and that limited resources are 
used effectively. The BBG is directed, in conjunction with the 
MBN, VOA, and RFE/RL, to make public English transcripts on a 
case by case basis if requested by the Committee. The Inspector 
General for the Department of State and BBG should, through its 
normal oversight of BBG activities, inspect random 
translations.

                   BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $10,661,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      11,296,000
Committee recommendation................................      11,296,000

    The Committee recommends $11,296,000 for Broadcasting 
Capital Improvements.

                            RELATED PROGRAMS


                          The Asia Foundation

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $15,374,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      10,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      16,000,000

    The Committee recommends $16,000,000 for The Asia 
Foundation, an increase of $6,000,000 above the budget request, 
for programs to support training and technical assistance to 
strengthen civil society and democratic institutions in Asia as 
authorized by The Asia Foundation Act, 22 U.S.C. 4402.

                    United States Institute of Peace

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $24,797,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      33,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      31,000,000

    The Committee recommends $31,000,000 for USIP, an increase 
of $6,203,000 above the fiscal year 2008 level and $2,000,000 
below the budget request. The Committee expects USIP to be 
fiscally prudent, focus its resources on key issues that are 
not otherwise being effectively addressed, manage expectations 
for significant emergency supplemental funds, and provide 
practical recommendations and policy initiatives in furtherance 
of conflict resolution, stability and peace.

         Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund

Appropriations, 2008....................................        $868,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................         875,000
Committee recommendation................................         875,000

    The Committee recommends $875,000 for the Center for Middle 
Eastern-Western Dialogue Trust Fund, for programs, scholarship, 
and conflict resolution to encourage mutual understanding, and 
to support civil society and democratic institutions as 
authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2078.

                 Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program

Appropriations, 2008....................................        $496,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................         500,000
Committee recommendation................................         500,000

    The Committee recommends $500,000 from interest and 
earnings in the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust 
Fund, authorized by the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 
1990 (20 U.S.C. 5204-5205), to support U.S. and foreign 
leadership development.

                    Israeli Arab Scholarship Program

Appropriations, 2008....................................        $372,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................         345,000
Committee recommendation................................         345,000

    The Committee recommends $345,000 from interest and 
earnings in the Israeli Arab Scholarship Endowment Fund, 
authorized by section 214 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, fiscal years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452), 
to increase educational opportunities for Israeli Arab students 
to study and conduct research in the U.S.

                            East-West Center

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $19,342,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      10,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      22,000,000

    The Committee recommends $22,000,000 for the East-West 
Center, an increase of $12,000,000 above the request. These 
funds support Asian and U.S. study, research and exchange on 
issues of mutual importance.

                    National Endowment for Democracy

Appropriations, 2008....................................................
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     $80,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     120,000,000

    The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for the NED, an 
increase of $40,000,000 above the budget request.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                        NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                 Country/program                   2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Africa..........................................          14,228           9,600          16,880          +7,280
Asia............................................          14,972          10,640          26,000         +15,360
Central and Eastern Europe......................           6,179           4,260           6,000          +1,740
Eurasia.........................................          11,420           8,530          21,420         +12,890
Latin America/Caribbean.........................          15,099           8,240          15,000          +6,760
Middle East.....................................          15,336          24,070          15,000          -9,070
Multiregional...................................           8,294           4,260           8,000          +3,740
Administration..................................          11,411           8,800          10,100          +1,300
Democratic Activities...........................           2,251           1,600           1,600  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, NED................................          99,190          80,000         120,000         +40,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Funds provided under this heading for Asia include $250,000 
for training and education programs and human rights monitoring 
for Tibet.
    The NED shall submit to the Committee an annual financial 
plan not later than 60 days after enactment of this act, 
detailing the proposed distribution of funds including 
programmatic goals for each country or region and how the 
planned use of funds will meet such goals. The Committee 
expects the NED to consult with the Committee on any proposed 
deviation from the allocated funding levels, and to apportion 
core funds in the traditional and customary fashion among the 
core institutes.

                           OTHER COMMISSIONS


      Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................        $495,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................         599,000
Committee recommendation................................         599,000

    The Committee recommends $599,000 for the Commission for 
the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad.

             Commission on International Religious Freedom


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $3,273,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       4,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       4,000,000

    The Committee recommends $4,000,000 for the Commission on 
International Religious Freedom.

            Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $2,351,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       2,610,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,610,000

    The Committee recommends $2,610,000 for the Commission on 
Security and Cooperation in Europe.

  Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of China


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $1,984,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       2,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,000,000

    The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for this Commission.

      United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $2,968,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       4,000,000
Committee recommendation................................       1,000,000

    The Committee recommends $1,000,000 for this Commission and 
requires that no funds are obligated until a spending plan 
which specifically addresses GAO's audit recommendations is 
submitted to the Committee, as was required in fiscal year 2008 
and which the Commission failed to meet. In addition, the 
Committee requires the submission of an annual financial plan 
and quarterly reports on unobligated balances. The Committee is 
concerned with the apparent lack of financial and management 
controls in the operations of the Commission, as detailed in 
the GAO audit (GAO-07-1128). In addition, the budget 
justification lacked sufficient detail and was submitted to the 
Committee on May 5, 2008, while Public Law 110-161 specifically 
required budget justification materials to be submitted not 
less than 30 days from the submission date of the President's 
budget recommendations for fiscal year 2009, which occurred on 
February 4, 2008. The Committee expects to be consulted on the 
spending plan prior to expenditure of any funds.
    The fiscal year 2008 appropriations act, Public Law 110-
161, required that the Commission submit a spending plan for 
funds provided which ``effectively addresses the 
recommendations of the GAO's audit of the Commission (GAO-07-
1128)''. The report submitted by the Commission stated that the 
review of GAO's findings was still underway and that reform of 
internal policies did ``not address at all the Commission's 
personnel policies and procedures, responsibilities or job 
descriptions for Commission employees, preparation of manuals 
for Commissioners and Commission employees that will contain 
all Commission policies and procedures in an orderly and 
useable reference form, or provision of training in the new 
policies and procedures for both Commissioners and staff''. 
(March 1, 2008 report to the Committee on Appropriations 
required by the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008, Public 
Law 110-161). The GAO report was issued on September 28, 2007, 
but the Commission had not demonstrated any action to implement 
GAO's recommendations by March 1, 2008. The GAO found that the 
Commission needed to improve management of its operations and 
reduce risks of fraud, abuse, and mismanagement by expanding 
ethics guidance and obtaining advice from legal and management 
experts. No action has been taken to address these 
recommendations, as required by the fiscal year 2008 
appropriations act, and no additional report was submitted to 
the Committee after March 1, 2008.
    The Committee does not recommend language providing 
additional personnel authorities to the Commission, as 
requested, as no justification materials were submitted to 
explain the need for such request. The authorities requested 
seek to make the Commission an adjunct committee of the 
Congress, where it was explicitly authorized as an independent 
commission with personnel authorities under title 5 of the 
United States Code.

          United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................        $149,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................................
Committee recommendation................................         150,000

    The Committee recommends $150,000 for the United States 
Senate-China Interparliamentary Group.

                      GENERAL PROVISIONS--TITLE I

    Sec. 101. Allowances and Differentials.
    Sec. 102. Unobligated Balances Report.
    Sec. 103. Embassy Construction.
    Sec. 104. Peacekeeping Missions.
    Sec. 105. Senior Policy Operating Group.
    Sec. 106. United States Citizens Born in Jerusalem.
    Sec. 107. Consulting Services.
    Sec. 108. Broadcasting Programs.
    Sec. 109. State Department Authorities.
    Sec. 110. Personnel Actions.
    Sec. 111. Restrictions on United Nations Delegations.
    Sec. 112. Peacekeeping Assessment.
    Sec. 113. Commission Financial Management.
    Sec. 114. Transparency in Broadcasting.
    Sec. 115. Consular Affairs Reform.

                                TITLE II

           UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

                  ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $629,856,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............      20,800,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................     150,500,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     767,184,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................      93,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     817,184,000

    The Committee recommends $817,184,000 for USAID's operating 
expenses, an increase of $50,000,000 above the budget request.
    Staffing.--The ability for USAID to attract and retain the 
highest caliber professionals and to assign people with the 
right skills to the right place at the right time has been in 
decline for a decade. The Committee supports the 
administration's proposal to double the number of Foreign 
Service Officers over the next several years, including up to 
50 mid-level individuals per year under USAID's Development 
Leadership Initiative to enhance expertise. While this approach 
will solve part of the problem, the Committee recommends that 
USAID conduct a thorough human resources assessment, including 
existing capabilities, future needs as identified in country-
program plans, and in areas where personnel has been 
inconsistent with increases or decreases in funding for 
programs, USAID may consider commissioning an independent 
evaluation of human resources. This assessment should also 
include the personnel requirements to support other U.S. 
foreign assistance programs, such as PEPFAR and the MCC. The 
Committee encourages USAID to work with OBO to plan for near-
term and long-term facilities requirements which anticipate a 
certain degree of flexibility where the situation on the ground 
dictates.
    The Committee recognizes that the Departments of Defense, 
Agriculture, Interior, Energy, the Environmental Protection 
Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other 
Federal departments and agencies, have active and retired 
employees with technical and overseas experience that would 
enhance USAID's capacity to carry out its mission. The 
Committee directs the USAID Administrator, in consultation with 
the heads of relevant Federal departments and agencies, to 
develop and implement a recruitment strategy for current and 
former employees.
    Partner Vetting.--The Committee supports USAID's efforts to 
improve its vetting system to ensure that no funds are diverted 
to international terrorist organizations. While the 
overwhelming majority of implementing partners are meeting U.S. 
policy objectives, often in difficult environments, effective 
vetting can help to ensure U.S. tax dollars and American 
interests are protected. Vetting, however, must not dissuade 
legitimate implementing partners from supporting and 
participating in U.S. programs around the world. The Committee 
directs USAID to work with the community of implementing 
partners in developing a system that meets U.S. security needs, 
without undermining U.S. foreign policy and development goals. 
Any such system should take into account the burden on 
humanitarian and development operations in the field, personal 
privacy concerns, and whether the system is being applied 
uniformly so as not to unfairly target grantees in a particular 
geographical region or create gaps in the system. The system 
should take into account the likelihood of diversion of funds 
to terrorist organizations in each country where it is applied, 
so its implementation burden is proportionate to the risk. 
USAID shall provide the Committee with regular updates on 
progress made in developing the system in consultation with 
implementing partners.
    Procurement.--The Committee supports additional resources 
to reform procurement and grants management operations and 
strongly encourages USAID to review evaluation and contracting 
oversight mechanisms to improve transparency and 
accountability. The Committee encourages USAID to make 
competitive grants procedures more functional for small 
businesses.

 CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                              DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $87,287,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     171,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      35,775,000

    The Committee recommends $35,775,000 for the CIF, equal to 
the request for information technology. The Committee 
recommends $135,225,000 under Embassy Security, Construction 
and Maintenance to support the USAID overseas facilities 
construction program, requested under this heading. The 
Committee seeks to improve the transparency of functions 
previously funded by the CIF and supports only information 
technology capital investments under this heading. In 
particular, the Committee supports investments to complete a 
new procurement system.

   OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL 
                DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $37,692,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................       4,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      40,600,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................       1,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      42,600,000

    The Committee recommends $42,600,000 for Operating Expenses 
of the United States Agency for International Development 
Office of Inspector General and supports regularizing funding 
provided by emergency supplemental appropriations.

                               TITLE III

                     BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

Appropriations, 2008.................................... $16,845,397,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............     988,368,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................   2,928,500,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................  17,822,329,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................   2,153,300,000
Committee recommendation................................  16,846,137,000

    The amounts listed in the above table for fiscal year 2008 
and 2009 appropriations, the fiscal year 2009 budget estimate 
and the Committee recommendation, include funds appropriated or 
requested under Global Health and Child Survival, Development 
Assistance, International Disaster Assistance, Global Food 
Security, Transition Initiatives, Development Credit Authority, 
Economic Support Fund, Democracy Fund, Assistance for Europe, 
Eurasia and Central Asia, International Narcotics Control and 
Law Enforcement, Andean Counterdrug Programs, Peace Corps, 
Millennium Challenge Corporation, Inter-American Foundation, 
African Development Foundation, International Affairs Technical 
Assistance, and Debt Restructuring.

                    GLOBAL HEALTH AND CHILD SURVIVAL

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $6,376,082,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............     115,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   6,356,830,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................      75,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   6,740,000,000

    The Committee recommends a total of $6,740,000,000 for 
GHCS, for programs and activities requested by the President 
under the Child Survival and Health Programs Fund and the 
Global HIV/AIDS Initiative, including to combat HIV/AIDS, 
tuberculosis, malaria, avian influenza and other infectious 
diseases including neglected tropical diseases, and to reduce 
child mortality, provide voluntary family planning services, 
address the needs of vulnerable children, and improve women's 
health. In an effort to increase transparency, the Committee 
continues to consolidate all funding contained in the budget 
request for HIV/AIDS programs under the GHCS account, as 
enacted in Public Law 110-161.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                        GLOBAL HEALTH AND CHILD SURVIVAL
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
               Program, by account                  2008 actual    2009 request   recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
USAID Child Survival and Maternal Health........         446,504         369,500         500,000        +130,500
USAID Vulnerable Children.......................          14,879          10,000          15,000          +5,000
USAID Infectious Diseases.......................         513,804         554,600         661,000        +106,400
    Tuberculosis................................         151,761          84,500         155,000         +70,500
    Malaria.....................................         347,165         385,000         385,000  ..............
    Avian Influenza.............................  ..............          50,000          75,000         +25,000
    Neglected Tropical Diseases.................          14,879          25,000          26,000          +1,000
    Unallocated Other Infectious Diseases.......  ..............          10,100          20,000          +9,900
USAID Family Planning/Reproductive Health.......         391,800         301,700         435,000        +133,300
USAID HIV/AIDS..................................         347,165         342,030         350,000          +7,970
    Microbicides................................          44,636          35,000          45,000         +10,000
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, USAID Global Health Activities..       1,714,152       1,577,830       1,961,000        +383,170
                                                 ===============================================================
Department of State HIV/AIDS....................       4,661,930       4,779,000       4,779,000  ..............
    Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and         545,545         200,000         600,000        +400,000
     Malaria....................................
    UNAIDS......................................          34,717          35,000          40,000          +5,000
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      TOTAL, GHCS...............................       6,376,082       6,356,830       6,740,000        +383,170
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

    Bangladesh.--The Committee recommends $37,181,000 for 
health programs in Bangladesh, the same as the fiscal year 2008 
level and $7,606,000 above the budget request.
    Cambodia.--The Committee recommends $27,826,000 for health 
programs in Cambodia, the same as the fiscal year 2008 level 
and $3,733,000 above the budget request.
    Zimbabwe.--The Committee provides that HIV/AIDS funds 
should be used in Zimbabwe if a political transition occurs 
that the Secretary of State determines is in the interests and 
welfare of the people of Zimbabwe.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                       CHILD AND MATERNAL HEALTH

    The Committee recommends $500,000,000 for child and 
maternal health activities under the GHCS account, which is 
$130,500,000 above the request. The Committee recognizes that 
among the most useful measures of the effectiveness of a 
country's public health system is the number of children who 
die before the age of five and the number of women who die from 
pregnancy related causes. The overwhelming majority of such 
deaths could be prevented with low cost interventions by 
trained health care workers. Addressing this need should be a 
high priority of USAID's global health strategy.
    Disabilities.--The Committee recommends USAID consider 
funding a proposal of Christian Blind Mission to address 
physical disabilities in the Great Lakes region of Africa.
    The Committee notes the work of Operation Smile and 
recommends USAID consider funding Operation Smile's Global 
Standard of Care Initiative.
    Iodine Deficiency.--The Committee recommends at least 
$2,000,000 for UNICEF's iodine deficiency disorders program.
    Maternal Health.--The Committee directs USAID to make 
publicly available the amount and uses of funding to reduce 
maternal mortality, by country, within its child survival and 
maternal health program.
    Medical Training.--The Committee supports medical education 
and training programs, including midwife training, and 
recommends USAID consider funding a proposal of Physicians for 
Peace, especially for programs in Africa.
    Noma.--The Committee is aware of the debilitating and 
disfiguring disease noma, which afflicts hundreds of thousands 
of children particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and can be 
prevented and treated with proper nutrition and reconstructive 
surgery. The Committee directs USAID to consult with the 
Committee on the use of funds to prevent noma and treat those 
afflicted.
    Partners in Health/Zanmi Lasante.--The Committee recommends 
consideration of continued funding for Partners in Health/Zanmi 
Lasante, to improve child and maternal health in Haiti.
    Polio.--The Committee recommends $32,000,000 for programs 
to eradicate polio. Funds should be used to provide for the 
delivery of vaccines and the development of the infrastructure 
necessary to fully implement the program and achieve its goals.
    Project HOPE.--The Committee notes the work of the ship-
based, humanitarian and health care services provider Project 
HOPE, and recommends USAID consider funding this program.
    Serabu Hospital.--The Committee recommends consideration of 
funding for equipment and other support for Serabu Hospital in 
Sierra Leone.
    Vaccines and Immunization.--The Committee recommends 
$75,000,000 for a contribution to The GAVI Fund.
    Vitamin A and Other Micronutrients.--The Committee 
recommends $30,000,000 for USAID's micronutrient program, of 
which at least $20,000,000 should be for programs related to 
Vitamin A deficiency.

                  FAMILY PLANNING/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

    The Committee recommends a total of $520,000,000 from all 
accounts in this act for family planning and reproductive 
health programs, including through the UNFPA. The Committee 
notes the stresses on woefully inadequate social services in 
many developing countries caused by high rates of population 
growth, which contribute to competition for limited resources, 
environmental degradation, malnutrition, poverty and conflict. 
Assisting countries in reducing rates of population growth to 
sustainable levels should be a priority of USAID.

                                HIV/AIDS

    The Committee recommends a total of $5,129,000,000 for 
programs and activities to combat HIV/AIDS, of which 
$4,779,000,000 is for PEPFAR and $350,000,000 is for USAID. The 
Committee consolidates funds requested for this purpose in all 
accounts in this act under the GHCS account, including for the 
Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria. The Committee is 
aware that HIV/AIDS prevalence varies for each country due to 
multiple factors. The Committee expects the amount and use of 
HIV/AIDS funds, whether for prevention, care or treatment, to 
be tailored according to each country's needs and the 
contributions of other donors.
    AIDS Vaccine.--The Committee recommends consideration of 
continued funding for the International AIDS Vaccine 
Initiative.
    Cost Sharing.--The Committee directs that prior to the 
initiation of new country programs, or extension of existing 
programs, the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator shall 
report to the Committee that such a program includes cost 
sharing assurances with governments which meet the requirements 
of section 110 of the FAA of 1961, and transition strategies to 
ensure sustainability of such programs under other 
international donor support, or budget support by respective 
foreign governments.
    Global Fund.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$600,000,000 in this act for a U.S. contribution to the Global 
Fund. The Committee understands an additional $300,000,000 is 
provided in the Departments of Labor, Health and Human 
Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2009, for a total 
contribution from both acts of $900,000,000.
    Microbicides.--The Committee recommends $45,000,000 for 
research on and development of microbicides to prevent HIV/
AIDS, and recommends continued support for the International 
Partnership for Microbicides. The Committee encourages USAID to 
conduct external consultations on program priorities and 
strategies to ensure the most effective use of resources. The 
Committee directs USAID to report in writing not later than 90 
days after enactment of this act describing USAID's strategic 
work plan for microbicide product development, especially with 
regard to USAID's plans for next generation product 
development, including product prioritization. The Committee 
encourages USAID to facilitate partnerships between industry 
and non-profit product development organizations.
    Mother-to-Child Transmission.--The Committee continues to 
support programs that prevent mother-to-child transmission 
[PMTCT] of HIV. The Committee directs the Global AIDS 
Coordinator to provide the resources and technical assistance 
necessary to expand access to PMTCT services, including 
effective drug regimes, and to encourage stronger linkages 
between PMTCT and care and treatment programs.
    Nutrition.--The Committee recommends funding for programs 
that address the development and implementation of nutrition 
support and care services for people living with HIV/AIDS.

                       OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES

    The Committee recommends a total of $661,000,000 for other 
infectious diseases, including avian influenza, tuberculosis, 
malaria, measles, meningitis, and neglected tropical diseases.
    Avian Influenza Virus.--The Committee recommends 
$75,000,000 for programs and activities to contain and prevent 
an avian influenza pandemic, $25,000,000 above the budget 
request. These funds are in addition to $75,000,000 provided 
for such purposes in Public Law 110-252.
    The Committee notes the partnership between USAID and the 
Centers for Disease Control to monitor wild birds for avian 
influenza around the world. The Committee urges continued 
collaboration with NGOs and expansion to address other emerging 
zoonotic diseases.
    Malaria.--The Committee recommends a total of $385,000,000 
for programs to combat malaria. The Committee directs that 
these funds be made available in accordance with country 
strategic plans incorporating best public health practices 
including insecticide-treated bed nets, artemisinin combination 
therapies, and indoor residual spraying, and with significant 
support for purchase of commodities and equipment. The 
Committee recommends consideration of continued funding for the 
Malaria Vaccine Initiative and for the Medicines for Malaria 
Venture.
    Neglected Tropical Diseases.--The Committee recommends 
$26,000,000 for continued support of USAID's program to support 
an integrated response to neglected tropical diseases, 
including intestinal parasites, schistosomiasis, lymphatic 
filariasis, onchocerciasis, trachoma, soil transmitted 
helminthes, and leprosy. The Committee recognizes the chronic 
disabilities and economic burden that neglected tropical 
diseases inflict on society and requests to be consulted prior 
to the obligation of funds, including country-specific 
allocations.
    Tuberculosis.--The Committee recommends a total of 
$155,000,000 for programs to combat tuberculosis. The Committee 
supports the development of a new, safe, effective and 
affordable vaccine to protect against all strains of TB, 
including MDR or XDR.
    Technology.---The Committee recommends that USAID consider 
funding a proposal from HealthTech to identify how to address 
public health needs in developing countries with technological 
solutions.

                          VULNERABLE CHILDREN

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for programs and 
activities that address the needs of vulnerable children.
    Blindness.--The Committee recommends that USAID's program 
for children's blindness be funded at a level of at least 
$2,000,000 and be administered in a manner that the maximum 
amount of funds are used in the field. The Committee notes the 
work of Helen Keller International, Christian Blind Mission, 
and other organizations to assist blind children and children 
with low levels of vision.
    Orphans.--The Committee is aware of the CHRISTUS Health 
System in Mexico and recommends USAID consider a proposal to 
provide medical treatment to special needs orphans and 
counseling services for the adopting families.

                         DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $1,623,622,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   1,639,055,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252 Subchapter B)     200,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,850,000,000

    The Committee recommends $1,850,000,000 for the DA account, 
which is $210,945,000 above the request. The DA account 
consists of a wide range of poverty-reduction and long-term 
development activities including agriculture and rural 
development, education and training, energy and environment and 
micro-credit programs.
    Funds shall be allocated in the following table:

                                             DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Country                       2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bangladesh......................................          29,190          39,060          39,060  ..............
Brazil..........................................           9,983           5,000          10,000           5,000
Cambodia........................................           8,087          17,226          10,000          -7,226
China...........................................           9,919  ..............          15,000         +15,000
Dominican Republic..............................          12,403          20,700          25,700          +5,000
Ethiopia........................................          37,067          69,765          75,000          +5,235
Guatemala.......................................          18,067          28,795          29,000            +205
Haiti...........................................          15,196  ..............          17,000         +17,000
India...........................................          16,547             900           1,000            +100
Indonesia.......................................          70,953         122,021          70,953         -51,068
Laos............................................  ..............             250           1,000            +750
Mexico..........................................           8,215          14,000          15,000          +1,000
Nepal...........................................           9,136  ..............           9,136          +9,136
Philippines.....................................          27,321          56,703          30,000         -26,703
Sri Lanka.......................................           5,241           4,000           5,241          +1,241
Timor-Leste.....................................           5,000           8,140          15,000          +6,860
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

    Afghanistan.--The Congress has provided more than 
$400,000,000 since 2003, and recommends an additional 
$100,000,000 in fiscal year 2009 to address the critical needs 
of Afghan women and girls, including support for women-led 
Afghan NGOs. The Committee commends USAID for its role in the 
progress that has been made. The Committee is concerned with 
persistent reports that some Afghan women's organizations 
continue to face difficulties in gaining access to USAID 
resources. The Committee directs USAID to more aggressively 
conduct outreach to such organizations, particularly those in 
remote areas, to inform them of USAID programs and procedures. 
USAID should make building the capacity of women's 
organizations a priority. The Committee notes that the 
Department of State has not yet submitted to the Committee a 
report describing the use of funds provided since 2002 to 
address the needs of Afghan women and girls, as required by 
Senate Report 110-128 under the DA account and further 
described in section 623 of the explanatory statement 
accompanying Public Law 110-161. The Committee directs USAID 
and the Department of State to submit this report no later than 
45 days after the enactment of this act.
    Ethiopia.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
uphold the terms and conditions of the Agreement Between the 
United States of America and Ethiopia signed at Addis Ababa on 
November 15, 1993, including Article 8 (Duty Free Privileges 
and Exemptions). Should a new bilateral agreement between the 
United States and the Government of Ethiopia become necessary, 
section 705 of this act shall apply.
    Nepal.--The Committee recommends $19,891,000 for assistance 
for Nepal, which is equal to the fiscal year 2008 level.
    Vietnam.--The Committee supports judicial and economic 
reform programs in Vietnam which strengthen the rule of law, 
protect human rights, and expand economic opportunities, and 
recommends not less than $10,700,000, the amount requested.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

                    AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    Arid Lands.--The Committee recommends USAID consider a 
proposal to support the International Arid Lands Consortium in 
addressing water, agricultural, and energy issues in the Middle 
East and Central Asia.
    Dairy Development Programs.--The Committee continues its 
support for dairy development programs.
    Fertilizer Programs.--The Committee recommends 
consideration of continued support for the International 
Fertilizer Development Center.
    Research.--The Committee recommends up to $30,000,000 for 
plant and biotechnology research and development programs to 
improve food security and income generation, particularly in 
Africa and Asia.
    The Committee supports consideration of funding the 
sustainable food security and global poverty reduction 
activities of the International Wheat and Maize Improvement 
Center.
    The Committee recommends $29,000,000 for CRSPs. The 
Committee supports research and development of salt-resistant 
crops. The Committee notes the benefits of ridge tillage land 
use systems in sustainable development in West and Sub-Saharan 
Africa.
    Water.--The Committee recommends not less than $300,000,000 
of the funds in this act for programs to implement Public Law 
109-121, the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005. 
Of this amount, not less than $125,000,000 should be used in 
Africa.
    The Committee recommends USAID ensure sufficient staff 
resources for implementing safe water and sanitation programs. 
The Committee further recommends that up to $20,000,000 be made 
available to USAID's Global Development Alliance for public-
private partnerships, particularly with NGOs. The Committee 
notes that the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act 
requires the Secretary of State to develop a strategy that 
elevates the importance of access to safe water and sanitation 
in U.S. foreign aid programs. The Committee expects the 
strategy to include numerical goals of people to be provided 
access to safe water and sanitation.
    The Committee notes the work of the International Rural 
Water Association in providing training and technical 
assistance to improve the quality of water and health in 
Central America and the Caribbean.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a project 
in Uganda to increase access to potable water in the Kapchorwa 
District.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding proposals 
for reverse osmosis water purification in developing countries.
    The Committee supports the work of USAID to address 
household water treatment programs, and recommends increased 
funding to reduce child morbidity and mortality by reducing 
waterborne illnesses.

                 AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD

    The Committee continues to recognize the contributions to 
U.S. foreign policy by institutions funded by the ASHA program 
and recommends not less than $22,500,000 for ASHA grants in 
fiscal year 2009. The Committee expects USAID to allocate 
sufficient sums to administer the ASHA program from funds 
provided for operating expenses, so it will not be necessary to 
expend program funds for administrative purposes.
    Although the Committee understands that ASHA funds are 
available for a variety of purposes, such as construction and 
equipment, libraries, computer technology, curriculum and staff 
support, and related expenses, the Committee reaffirms its 
intention that this assistance is not for permanent budget 
support to ASHA recipients. The Committee encourages ASHA to 
give priority to institutions which demonstrate a need and a 
commitment to private fundraising to match government support.
    The Committee notes the contributions made by several 
institutions and recommends that they be considered for further 
ASHA support, including: American University of Beirut; The 
Johns Hopkins University's Centers in Nanjing, China and 
Bologna, Italy; the Hadassah Medical Organization; the Feinberg 
Graduate School of the Weizmann Institute of Science; EARTH 
University in Costa Rica; the Lebanese American University; 
American University in Kosovo; the Shaare Zedek Medical Center; 
and the Ashdod Emergency Medical Center.

            CONFLICT MITIGATION AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

    Patrick Leahy War Victims Fund.--The Committee continues to 
support the LWVF which assists persons who are disabled as a 
result of armed conflict. The Committee recommends $14,000,000 
for this Fund administered by USAID.
    Victims of Torture.--The Committee recommends $10,000,000 
for programs and activities that address the needs of victims 
of torture. The Committee recommends support for centers for 
victims of torture that provide services consistent with the 
goals of Public Law 106-87, the Torture Victims Relief 
Reauthorization Act of 1999.

                               EDUCATION

    Basic Education.--The Committee recommends funding in this 
act for basic education programs, including civic education and 
teacher training programs.
    The Committee recommends continued funding for programs 
that increase access to education for children in sub-Saharan 
Africa through the reduction or elimination of school fees, and 
which increase access to primary education for girls, including 
in Ethiopia.
    The Committee is aware of the work of Alfalit International 
in providing literacy and basic education programs in Bolivia 
and the Dominican Republic.
    Higher Education and Workforce Development.--The Committee 
notes the critical role higher education, training and 
workforce development programs play in social and economic 
development. The Committee notes that 84 percent of USAID 
education funding in fiscal year 2008 is allocated for basic 
education, while only 16 percent is for higher education. The 
Committee recommends USAID allocate not less than 30 percent of 
fiscal year 2009 education funding for higher education, 
training and workforce development programs.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
of the Center of Entrepreneurship for a distance learning 
program in the Balkans.
    The Committee recommends continued funding for scholarships 
at U.S. colleges for students with high financial need from 
Latin America and elsewhere, including through the CASS 
program.

                     ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

    Artisans.--The Committee is aware of the work of Aid to 
Artisans and Barro Sin Polomo to promote lead-free pottery by 
Mexican ceramists. The Committee recommends USAID consider 
funding a proposal to continue and expand this initiative in 
Mexico, to develop lead-free ceramics, promote community health 
education on the risks of lead exposure, and support effective 
marketing of lead-free products.
    Cooperative Development Program.--The Committee provides 
$10,000,000 for USAID's Cooperative Development Program within 
the Office of Private and Voluntary Cooperation.
    Governance.--The Committee is aware of the Institute for 
State Effectiveness's effort to build public finance systems 
that are necessary for the transparent and efficient management 
of foreign assistance and the creation of a healthy market 
economy.
    Microenterprise Development Programs.--The Committee 
recommends not less than $250,000,000 from all accounts in this 
act for microfinance and microenterprise development programs 
for the poor, especially women. The Committee expects USAID to 
work to preserve the viability of leading private NGO 
microfinance networks and PVOs in order to maximize assistance 
to poor clients.
    The Committee directs that 50 percent of funds be for 
grants to private networks, practitioner institutions, and 
NGOs, and $30,000,000 should be provided to USAID's Office of 
Microenterprise through a central funding mechanism for 
contracts, cooperative agreements and grants. The Committee 
recommends $20,000,000 for microfinance service providers 
working with people infected by HIV/AIDS.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
of CHOICE Humanitarian to improve the quality of life in 
Africa, Asia and Latin America through microenterprise and 
leadership training.
    Professional Services.--The Committee recommends USAID 
consider continued funding a proposal of the Financial Services 
Volunteer Corps.
    Property Rights.--The Committee recommends USAID consider 
continued funding a proposal of the International Real Property 
Foundation.
    Rural Electrification.--The Committee notes that rural 
electric cooperative projects have provided electricity, local 
economic development, increased living standards and greater 
political stability in developing countries. The Committee 
recommends consideration of continued funding through the 
International Rural Power Access and Cooperative 
Electrification program, and the use of local currencies to 
meet the capital costs of international rural electrification 
programs and projects sponsored by U.S. rural electric 
cooperatives, acting in association with other international 
assistance agencies and partners.
    Telecommunications.--The Committee recommends consideration 
of continued funding for the U.S. Telecommunications Training 
Institute.
    Trade Capacity Building.--The Committee urges USAID and the 
Department of State to fully fund trade capacity building 
assistance for Peru and the CAFTA countries in meeting their 
commitments under these free trade agreements.

                         ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

    The Committee recognizes the challenges posed by global 
warming and the urgent need to help developing countries reduce 
carbon emissions, protect forests, and sustainably use natural 
resources.
    Energy Programs.--The Committee recommends $100,000,000 
from all accounts in the act for USAID programs which directly 
support zero-carbon energy efficient end-use technologies and 
renewable energy technologies, such as solar-thermal, wind, 
small hydro, and geo-thermal. Given the growing demand for 
energy in developing countries and concern with climate change, 
the Committee strongly encourages USAID to strengthen the 
capacity of its energy staff with expertise in these issues.
    Biodiversity Programs.--The Committee recommends not less 
than $200,000,000 under the DA account for biodiversity 
conservation programs. The majority of funds should be used for 
programs to protect tropical forests.
    The Committee recognizes USAID's Amazon Basin Conservation 
Initiative, which supports the work of national and local 
governments, NGOs, and indigenous organizations, in the South 
American countries that share the Amazon watershed, to prevent 
illegal logging and mining, destructive agricultural practices, 
and unsustainable development. The Committee provides not less 
than $25,000,000 for this program in fiscal year 2009.
    The Committee supports funding for the U.S. National Park 
Service for technical and training programs for protected area 
management in Samlaut, Cambodia, in consultation with USAID.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
for wildlife conservation in eastern Niger, to be matched by 
other public and private contributions.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
of the Coral Reef Small Grants Program to create jobs 
consistent with preserving coral reefs.
    The Committee recommends not less than $10,000,000 for 
biodiversity conservation programs in Brazil and continued 
funding to protect Colombia's national parks and indigenous 
reserves.
    Protection of Endangered Species.--The Committee commends 
USAID for its progress in protecting the habitat of orangutans 
in Borneo and Sumatra, and recommends continued support from 
funds in this act for Indonesia.
    The Committee supports continued funding for programs to 
protect great apes in Central Africa, including through the 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and NGOs.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding the Cheetah 
Conservation Fund in Namibia.
    The Committee recommends consideration of continued funding 
for The Peregrine Fund's work in the International Raptor 
Center, to be matched by private contributions.

                          UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

    Each fiscal year the Committee receives a large number of 
requests to fund specific activities at or through American 
institutions of higher education. The Committee supports 
activities that advance U.S. foreign assistance goals. Unless a 
proposal demonstrates a unique, innovative, or proprietary 
capability, or special considerations that justify limited or 
non-competitive treatment, the Committee expects that 
competitive procedures will be applied with regard to all 
proposals, including those recommended in this section. The 
Committee expects USAID to seriously consider proposals that 
have technical merit, realistic budgets, matching 
contributions, and achievable objectives. Proposals are to be 
submitted to USAID and/or the Department of State for 
consideration within 90 days after the date of enactment of 
this act.
    No later than 60 days after the submission of the report 
required by section 653(a) of the FAA, USAID shall submit a 
report to the Committees on Appropriations detailing: (1) the 
number of proposals received, and the status of each proposal 
by the organization associated with the activity; (2) the 
degree to which the proposal is consistent with and would 
advance U.S. foreign policy and development goals for the 
country or region in which the activity would take place; (3) 
the degree to which matching or other funds would be provided 
by the organization to complement the Federal contribution; (4) 
to the extent known at the time, any decision by USAID or the 
Department of State on funding the activity, including the 
funding level; and (5) any other relevant information deemed 
important by USAID or the Department of State. The Committee 
also expects to receive a second report on the status of these 
proposals no later than August 1, 2009.
    With the forgoing in mind, the Committee recommends the 
Department of State and USAID consider proposals from the 
following institutions through a transparent and competitive 
funding process:
    Auburn University; Georgia State University; Gonzaga 
University; Iowa State University; James Madison University; 
Morehouse College; South Dakota School of Mines and Technology; 
Stetson University College of Law; Temple University's School 
of Law; University of Iowa; University of Kentucky; University 
of Missouri at Columbia; and Western Kentucky University.

                            WOMEN'S PROGRAMS

    Economic Opportunities.--The Committee supports programs 
which enhance economic opportunities for the very poor, poor 
and low-income women in developing countries, to increase 
women-owned business development; property rights for women; 
women's access to financial services; women's ability to 
benefit from global trade; and improve women's employment 
benefits and conditions. Funds should also be used to provide 
technical assistance and capacity building for women's 
organizations.
    Women's Leadership.--The Committee recommends USAID 
consider funding a proposal from Women's Campaign International 
to increase leadership training for women in developing 
countries.

                   INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $429,739,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............     298,050,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................     220,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     297,300,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................     200,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     450,000,000

    The Committee recommends $450,000,000 for International 
Disaster Assistance, $151,950,000 above the budget request.
    Recognizing that OFDA is the only USAID entity providing 
direct assistance to people in Darfur, the Committee recommends 
the use of funds under this heading for basic education 
programs in Darfur where persistent conflict and insecurity, 
limited infrastructure, few qualified teachers, a shortage of 
learning and teaching materials, and little public investment 
in education, have caused an estimated one-half of the children 
to be out of school.
    The Committee recommends funding for water resource 
management through small-scale irrigation in Darfur to counter 
the effects of flash flooding and frequent droughts.

                          GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY

Appropriations, 2008....................................................
Budget estimate, 2009...................................................
Committee recommendation................................    $150,000,000

    The Committee recommends $150,000,000 for this new account, 
which shall be administered by USAID.
    The Committee notes that funding for USAID agriculture 
development programs and personnel has decreased sharply in 
recent years, while a combination of factors has exacerbated 
food shortages in many of the world's poorest countries. To 
help prevent hunger and malnutrition, and mitigate the 
political, economic, and social instability caused by such 
shortages, the Committee directs that funds used under this 
account should be used to improve crop yields and respond to 
critical food shortages in developing countries, particularly 
in Africa and Asia. The Committee further directs USAID, in 
consultation with the Committee, to develop a plan for 
increasing the number of agriculture specialists in the field 
commensurate with the need.
    The Committee notes that crop diversity provides the 
genetic building blocks for adapting crops to constantly 
evolving pests, diseases, and changing climates, and is aware 
that much of the world's crop diversity is neither safely 
conserved nor readily available to scientists and farmers who 
rely on it. The Global Crop Diversity Trust was created to 
collect, document and store seeds securely in order to preserve 
genetic diversity, and the Committee recommends $7,000,000 for 
a U.S. contribution to the Trust in 2009.

                         TRANSITION INITIATIVES

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $44,635,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      40,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,000,000

    The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for Transition 
Initiatives.

                      DEVELOPMENT CREDIT AUTHORITY

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $21,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      21,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      25,000,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................      $8,094,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       7,600,000
Committee recommendation................................       9,000,000

                         ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $2,432,391,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............     542,568,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................   1,882,500,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   3,319,567,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................   1,124,800,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,098,904,000

    The Committee recommends $3,098,904,000 for the ESF 
account, $54,839,000 below the budget request.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                              ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                 Country/program                   2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country:
    Afghanistan.................................         305,934         707,000         732,000         +25,000
    Burma.......................................          12,895          13,750          20,000          +6,250
    Cambodia....................................          14,879  ..............          20,000         +20,000
    Colombia....................................         194,412         142,366         199,000         +56,634
    Cuba........................................          45,330          20,000          20,000  ..............
    Egypt.......................................         411,639         200,000         200,000  ..............
    Haiti.......................................          62,881          84,200          97,100         +12,900
    Indonesia...................................          64,474  ..............          64,747         +64,747
    Iraq........................................           4,960         300,000          75,000        -225,000
    Jordan......................................         261,412         263,547         263,547  ..............
    Lebanon.....................................          44,636          67,500          67,500  ..............
    Namibia.....................................  ..............  ..............           2,000          +2,000
    Nepal.......................................           9,423          13,015          13,015  ..............
    Pakistan....................................         347,165         453,200         425,000         -28,200
    Philippines.................................          27,773  ..............          30,000         +30,000
    Sierra Leone (Special Court)................          12,399           7,000           9,000          +2,000
    Thailand....................................  ..............  ..............           2,500          +2,500
    Tibet.......................................  ..............  ..............           6,000          +6,000
    Tunisia.....................................  ..............  ..............           5,000          +5,000
    Turkey......................................  ..............  ..............          15,000         +15,000
    Vietnam.....................................          10,613  ..............           3,000          +3,000
    West Bank and Gaza..........................         217,986          75,000          75,000  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, ESF Country Allocations.........       2,048,811       2,346,578       2,344,409          -2,169
                                                 ===============================================================
Program:
    Disability Programs.........................           3,968  ..............           4,000          +4,000
    East Asia and Pacific Environment...........           2,480  ..............           2,500          +2,500
    Economic and Development Social Fund........  ..............  ..............          25,000         +25,000
    Extractive Industries Transparency..           2,976  ..............           3,000          +3,000
    Horn of Africa and Pan Sahel Initiative.....  ..............  ..............          15,000         +15,000
    Kimberley Process...........................           2,976  ..............           3,000          +3,000
    Marla Ruzicka Fund..........................           4,960  ..............           2,500          +2,500
    Middle East Partnership Initiative..........          49,595          87,000          50,000         -37,000
    Trafficking in Persons......................          11,903           7,183          12,000          +4,817
    Reconciliation Programs.....................          24,798  ..............          25,000         +25,000
    Wheelchairs.................................           4,960  ..............          10,000         +10,000
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, ESF Program Allocations.........         108,616          94,183         152,000         +57,817
                                                 ===============================================================
Unallocated ESF.................................         270,004         711,582         587,495        -122,087
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, ESF................................       2,432,391       3,153,743       3,098,904         -54,839
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

    Afghanistan.--The National Solidarity Program [NSP], now 
actively supporting thousands of Community Development Councils 
of Afghan villages, is an effective and transparent approach to 
support education, health and other community development 
activities, promote democracy and build trust between the 
international community and the people of Afghanistan. The 
Committee recommends $25,000,000 for the NSP.
    Burma.--The Committee recommends $20,000,000 for assistance 
for Burma to continue and expand programs particularly along 
the Thai-Burma border. The Committee notes that increased 
program support is required by the higher cost of commodities 
in Thailand, including rice, and the declining value of the 
U.S. dollar. The Committee deplores the failure of the State 
Peace and Development Council to respond appropriately or 
effectively, commensurate to the scale of humanitarian need, 
following Cyclone Nargis.
    Cambodia.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$20,000,000 for assistance for Cambodia for democracy, 
governance and rule of law programs, including to compile 
evidence of genocide and crimes against humanity and to educate 
Cambodians on the historical facts regarding the Khmer Rouge 
regime.
    Colombia.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$45,000,000 for assistance for Colombia's increasing population 
of IDPs, which is $9,663,000 above the request.
    Cuba.--The Committee recommends $20,000,000 for democracy 
programs and activities in Cuba, as requested. The Committee 
notes that this is in addition to $45,000,000 appropriated for 
these activities in fiscal year 2008, which was a five-fold 
increase above the previous year. The Committee directs the 
Department of State and USAID to conduct regular evaluations to 
ensure the cost effectiveness of these programs.
    Cyprus.--The Committee continues to support assistance for 
scholarships, administrative support of the scholarship 
program, bicommunal projects, measures aimed at reunification 
of the island of Cyprus and to reduce tension and promote peace 
and cooperation. The Committee is aware of concerns that some 
projects on Cyprus have been funded without advance 
consultation with the Government of Cyprus. The Committee 
recommends that such consultation occur whenever practicable in 
the interest of transparency in the allocation of funds. The 
Committee understands that U.S. assistance does not go to the 
Government of Cyprus, but rather to private and nongovernmental 
organizations, and therefore the Committee intends that with 
respect to the provision of such assistance, the organizations 
implementing such assistance and the specific nature of that 
assistance shall not be subject to the prior approval of any 
foreign government.
    Democratic Republic of the Congo.--The Committee is 
concerned with the violence associated with the exploitation of 
natural resources, particularly columbite-tantalite in the DRC.
    Haiti.--The Committee recommends $97,100,000 for assistance 
for Haiti under this account, and an additional $17,000,000 
under the DA account, for a total of $29,900,000 above the 
budget request. The Committee believes that supporting economic 
development, governance and the rule of law in Haiti should be 
USAID priorities. The Committee remains concerned with USAID's 
administration of justice program in Haiti, and notes the 
persistent problem of overcrowding at the National 
Penitentiary, where thousands of inmates languish in squalor, 
some dying of TB, without being charged with any crime. The 
Committee directs funds be used to help address this situation.
    The Committee recommends not less than $5,000,000 for 
USAID's watershed reforestation program to stabilize Haiti's 
fragile hillsides and support sustainable agriculture.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
by the Florida Association for Volunteer Action in the 
Caribbean and Americas to support teaching and teacher training 
in Haiti.
    Indonesia.--The Committee recommends $64,747,000 for 
assistance for Indonesia under this account, and an additional 
$70,953,000 under the DA account, which are amounts equivalent 
to previous fiscal year funding levels. The budget request 
included a total of $122,021,000 under the DA account only. The 
Committee expects a portion of these funds to continue USAID's 
programs and presence in Aceh.
    Iraq.--The Committee recommends consideration of continued 
support for activities that document human rights abuses by 
Saddam Hussein's regime.
    Jordan.--The Committee recommends $263,547,000 for 
assistance for Jordan, the amount requested.
    Lebanon.--The Committee provides $67,500,000 for assistance 
for Lebanon, as requested, and recommends $500,000 for the U.S. 
Forest Service's forest management and wildlife conservation 
programs in Lebanon.
    Namibia.--The Committee recommends $2,000,000 for democracy 
and governance programs in Namibia.
    Nepal.--The Committee recommends $13,015,000 for assistance 
for Nepal, the amount requested.
    Philippines.--The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for 
assistance for the Philippines under this account, and an 
additional $30,000,000 under the DA account. The budget request 
included a total of $56,703,000 under the DA account only. The 
Committee expects a portion of these funds to support conflict 
resolution activities in Mindanao and to expand judicial 
training programs.
    Sierra Leone.--The Committee recommends $9,000,000 for a 
contribution to the Special Court for Sierra Leone.
    Thailand.--The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for 
assistance for Thailand for development programs targeted 
toward southern Thailand.
    Tunisia.--The Committee recommends up to $5,000,000 for 
assistance for Tunisia for economic development programs in 
southern Tunisia.
    Turkey.--The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for 
assistance for Turkey for economic development programs and 
activities along the border with Iraq.
    Vietnam.--The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for 
assistance for Vietnam to continue environmental remediation 
and related health programs at dioxin contaminated sites.
    West Bank and Gaza.--The Committee recommends consideration 
of funding for the First Regional Cooperative Program for 
Health to be conducted by the Hebrew University's Kuvin Center 
and Al Quds University.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a proposal 
of the St. John Eye Hospital Jerusalem to promote cooperation 
between Israelis and Palestinians, and improve health care for 
the Palestinian people.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

    Conflict Diamonds.--The Committee recommends $3,000,000 to 
implement the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, including 
by strengthening the role and capacity of civil society groups 
in the Kimberley Process.
    Disabilities.--The Committee recommends $4,000,000 to 
address the needs and protect the rights of people with 
disabilities in developing countries.
    The Committee is aware that the overwhelming majority of 
people in developing countries, including people with 
disabilities, do not have access to the Internet. The Committee 
recommends funding to support the public dissemination of 
information on independent living, advocacy, education and 
transportation through other accessible technologies. USAID 
should consider funding partnerships between U.S. entities with 
expertise in these issues and organizations with expertise in 
communications technology not requiring the Internet, to 
benefit disability organizations and individuals with 
disabilities in developing countries.
    Environmental Security and Sustainability.--The Committee 
notes the work of the Foundation for Environmental Security and 
Sustainability to address critical national security issues, 
including regional instability due to resource scarcity and 
mismanagement, natural hazards, and other environmental 
stresses. The Committee recommends consideration of funding the 
Foundation's conflict management and mitigation programs, 
particularly to combat corruption, implement extractive 
industries' best practices, and promote effective 
reconstruction of post-conflict countries to promote stability 
and security.
    Horn of Africa and Pan Sahel Initiative.--The Committee 
recommends not less than $15,000,000 for programs and 
activities to counter extremism in the Horn of Africa and Pan 
Sahel regions of Africa to be administered by USAID.
    Marla Ruzicka Iraqi War Victims Fund.--The Committee 
provides $2,500,000 for this Fund administered by USAID, and 
notes that $2,500,000 was also provided for the Marla Fund for 
fiscal year 2009 in the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 
(Public Law 110-252).
    MEPI.--The Committee recommends $50,000,000 for the Middle 
East Partnership Initiative, of which $10,000,000 is for 
scholarship programs for students from countries with 
significant Muslim populations.
    The Committee recommends that USAID consider funding a 
proposal from Street Law to provide law, human rights, and 
democracy training in predominantly Muslim countries.
    MERC.--The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for continued 
support for the Middle East Regional Cooperation Program.
    Reconciliation Programs.--The Committee recommends 
$25,000,000 for reconciliation programs and activities which 
bring together individuals of different ethnic, religious and 
political backgrounds in countries affected by civil conflict 
and war, of which not more than $7,000,000 is for such programs 
and activities in the Middle East. This global program seeks to 
promote understanding, mutual respect and reconciliation 
through the active participation of members of opposing groups.
    Trafficking in Persons.--The Committee recommends 
$12,000,000 for programs to prevent trafficking in persons 
consistent with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.
    Wheelchairs.--The Committee recommends $10,000,000 for 
wheelchair programs in developing countries. The Committee 
intends funding for wheelchair programs to be allocated through 
a fully open and competitive process based on merit. The 
Committee supports funding that provides quality, low-cost 
wheelchairs benefiting as many people as possible, and which 
encourages local initiative, utilizes appropriate technologies, 
and are sustainable.

                             DEMOCRACY FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $94,050,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................      76,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................................
Committee recommendation................................     117,500,000

    The Committee recommends $117,500,000 for the DF account, 
of which $85,000,000 shall be made available for the HRDF. 
Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                                 DEMOCRACY FUND
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year       Committee       Change from
                                                                 2009 request    recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Human Rights and Democracy Fund:
    China, Hong Kong, Taiwan.................................  ...............           25,000          +25,000
     Counter Extremism Programs..............................  ...............           10,000          +10,000
    Unallocated..............................................  ...............           50,000          +50,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, HRDF............................................  ...............           85,000          +85,000
                                                              ==================================================
Expanding Access to Information..............................  ...............            5,000           +5,000
Syria........................................................  ...............            2,500           +2,500
Iran.........................................................  ...............           20,000          +20,000
North Korea..................................................  ...............            2,500           +2,500
Libya........................................................  ...............            2,500           +2,500
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, HRDF............................................  ...............          117,500         +117,500
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Counter Extremism Programs.--The Committee recommends 
$10,000,000 for democracy programs targeted toward countries 
with significant Muslim populations located outside the Middle 
East region.
    Democracy Defined.--The Committee again defines democracy 
in this act to ensure a common understanding of democracy 
programs among United States Government agencies.
    Expanding Access to Information.--The Committee recommends 
$5,000,000 for Internet activities to expand access and 
information in closed societies. These funds are to be awarded 
on a competitive basis.
    Iran.--The Committee recommends $20,000,000 for democracy 
programs for Iran, and prohibits the use of funds under this 
heading for educational and cultural exchanges.
    Libya.--The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for democracy 
programs for Libya.
    North Korea.--The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for 
democracy programs in North Korea, as authorized by Public Law 
108-333, the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004.
    Notifications.--In order to increase oversight of democracy 
programs, the Committee requires notification of any contract, 
grant, or cooperative agreement in excess of $2,500,000.
    PRC/Hong Kong/Taiwan.--The Committee recommends $25,000,000 
for democracy programs in the PRC, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, and 
requires that funds for programs in Taiwan be matched from 
sources other than the U.S. Government. The Committee notes 
that these funds are in addition to the $15,000,000 provided 
under the DA account for governance, environment and rule of 
law activities in the PRC.
    Syria.--The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for democracy 
programs in Syria.

            ASSISTANCE FOR EUROPE, EURASIA, AND CENTRAL ASIA

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $690,497,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     621,733,000
Committee recommendation................................     661,733,000

    The Committee recommends $661,733,000 for AEECA, a new 
account which merges the authorities and appropriations for the 
budget request for Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic 
States and Assistance for the Independent States of the Former 
Soviet Union.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                ASSISTANCE FOR EUROPE, EURASIA, AND CENTRAL ASIA
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Country                       2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Europe and Eurasia:
    Albania.....................................          17,717          18,910          18,910  ..............
    Armenia.....................................          58,026          24,000          31,000          +7,000
    Azerbaijan..................................          18,846          19,500          19,500  ..............
    Belarus.....................................          10,192          10,000          13,000          +3,000
    Bosnia and Herzegovina......................          27,773          29,485          29,485  ..............
    Georgia.....................................          50,091          52,000          57,000          +5,000
    Kosovo......................................         146,301         125,000         125,000  ..............
    Macedonia...................................          21,822          19,003          19,003  ..............
    Moldova.....................................          14,184          15,200          18,000          +2,800
    Montenegro..................................           8,435           7,000           7,000  ..............
    Russia......................................          71,640          47,000          67,200         +20,200
    Serbia......................................          51,563          46,274          46,274  ..............
    Ukraine.....................................          72,409          69,575          71,575          +2,000
    Eurasia Regional............................          18,559          25,493          25,493  ..............
    Europe Regional.............................          19,942          29,953          29,953  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Europe and Eurasia..............         607,500         538,393         578,393         +40,000
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
Central Asia:
    Kazakhstan..................................          14,879          13,500          13,500  ..............
    Kyrgyz Republic.............................          25,046          23,400          23,400  ..............
    Tajikistan..................................          25,789          25,233          25,233  ..............
    Turkmenistan................................           5,455           8,000           8,000  ..............
    Uzbekistan..................................           8,405           7,000           7,000  ..............
    Central Asia Regional.......................           2,976           6,207           6,207  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Central Asia....................          82,550          83,340          83,340  ..............
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia..         690,050         621,733         661,733         +40,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Civilian Research and Development.--The Committee is aware 
of the work of the Civilian Research and Development Foundation 
[CRDF], which has helped to channel the research activities of 
weapons scientists in the Independent States of the Former 
Soviet Union [FSU] in constructive directions. The Committee 
recommends consideration of continued support for CRDF from 
this account and with MEPI funds, to enable CRDF to expand its 
activities with scientists and engineers outside the FSU where 
science diplomacy can help solve energy, agriculture, 
nonproliferation, health and other pressing global problems.
    Eurasia.--The Committee recognizes the work of the Eurasia 
Foundation in promoting democratic institutions, independent 
media, and business education in the FSU. The Committee 
recommends consideration of continued funding for the 
Foundation.
    The Committee recommends USAID consider continued funding 
for the Institute for Sustainable Communities, which works to 
strengthen civil society groups in Europe and Eurasia that are 
involved in environmental conservation and democracy building.
    The Committee notes the work of the Primary Health Care 
Initiative in countries of the FSU, and recommends 
consideration of funding for this program.
    Medical Education.--The Committee supports the Eurasian 
Medical Education Program of the American College of Physicians 
to address HIV/AIDS and chronic diseases in Russia and 
recommends USAID consider continued funding for this program.
    North Caucasus.--The Committee is concerned that armed 
conflicts and continuing low-intensity violence continue to 
cause great suffering in the North Caucasus, and recommends 
$9,000,000 to support ongoing USAID programs. The Committee 
intends funds to be used for immediate and long term basic 
services for conflict-affected populations, and requests to be 
consulted on proposed uses of funds.
    Russia.--The Committee recommends USAID consider funding a 
proposal to expand the Russian Project, including the Moscow-
based Moms and Babies Program.
    U.S. Forest Service.--The Committee notes the work of the 
U.S. Forest Service in the Russian Far East to promote 
sustainable forestry management, habitat protection for 
endangered species, protected area management and ecotourism, 
and fire management. The Committee recommends $500,000 to 
support and expand these efforts.

          INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $553,926,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter A 
    )...................................................     390,300,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   1,202,061,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................     199,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     925,000,000

    The Committee recommends $925,000,000 for the INCLE 
account, $277,061,000 below the budget request and $341,074,000 
above the fiscal year 2008 enacted level.
    Funds shall be allocated in the following table:

                               INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                 Country/Program                   2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Country:
    Afghanistan.................................         272,574         250,000         175,000         -75,000
    Colombia....................................          41,907  ..............          45,000         +45,000
    Iraq........................................  ..............          75,000          25,000         -50,000
    Mexico......................................          26,553         500,000         300,000        -200,000
    Pakistan....................................          21,822          32,000          30,000          -2,000
    Philippines.................................             794           1,150           3,000          +1,850
    Sudan.......................................          13,578          24,000          24,000  ..............
    West Bank and Gaza..........................  ..............          25,000          25,000  ..............

Program:
    Anticrime Programs..........................          11,903          14,000          14,000  ..............
    Civilian Police Program.....................           1,984           6,000           6,000  ..............
    Criminal Youth Gangs........................           7,935           5,000           5,000  ..............
    Demand Reduction............................          11,903           3,500           5,000          +1,500
    International Law Enforcement Academies.....          18,846          17,000          17,000  ..............
    International Organizations.................           3,967           4,500           4,500  ..............
    Interregional Aviation Support..............          54,654          55,100          55,100  ..............
    Global Peace Operations.....................  ..............           4,000           4,000  ..............
    Combating Copyright Piracy..................           5,000  ..............           5,000          +5,000
    Program Development and Support.............          19,342          20,233          20,000            -233
    Trafficking in Persons......................           5,951           7,767          10,000          +2,233
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Country/Program...........          37,692         157,811         152,400          -5,411
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, INCLE..............................         556,405       1,202,061         925,000        -277,061
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee notes that OMB recently rated INCLE's 
performance at 50 percent (``Adequate''), which was the lowest 
for all Department of State programs. This rating is 
significantly below the 84-70 percent rating (``Moderately 
Effective'') assigned to some other Department programs. The 
Committee directs the Department of State to consult with the 
Committee not later than 45 days after enactment of this act on 
the reasons for this low performance rating and the specific 
actions being taken to address it.

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

    Afghanistan.--The Committee recommends $175,000,000 under 
this heading for Afghanistan, which is $75,000,000 below the 
amount requested. The Committee notes that $75,000,000 was 
provided for Afghanistan in fiscal year 2009 supplemental funds 
for this purpose in the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 
(Public Law 110-252).
    Iraq.--The Committee recommends up to $25,000,000 for 
assistance for Iraq. No funds shall be used for the 
construction of prisons.
    Philippines.--The Committee recommends $3,000,000 for 
programs and activities to improve professionalism, 
particularly transparency and accountability, within the 
Philippines law enforcement and justice sectors.

                             PROGRAM ISSUES

    Demand Reduction.--The Committee recommends not less than 
$5,000,000, the fiscal year 2008 level, for the INCLE demand 
reduction program, which has proven effective in reducing drug 
use and addiction. The Committee notes the importance of these 
programs in predominantly Muslim countries, and in reducing 
drug abuse by women.
    Interregional Aviation Support.--The Committee remains 
concerned with the management and oversight of the Department 
of State's fleet of fixed and rotary wing aircraft. The 
Committee requests the Department of State to consult with the 
Committee prior to obligating and expending any funds, for the 
purchase of aircraft.
    In order to ensure the appropriate purchase of aircraft in 
support of the Merida Initiative, the Committee requires the 
Director of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, in 
consultation with the Secretary of State, to submit to the 
Committee an Analysis of Alternatives.
    ILEAs.--The Committee recommends $17,000,000 from within 
funds provided under this account, to be allocated equally 
among the four ILEAs.
    Merida Initiative.--The Committee notes that $465,000,000 
was included in the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 
(Public Law 110-252) for the Merida Initiative, including 
$400,000,000 for Mexico and $65,000,000 for the countries of 
Central America, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The bulk of 
those funds will not be disbursed until fiscal year 2009, after 
a spending plan and strategy, with concrete goals, actions to 
be taken, funding amounts, and anticipated results, are 
developed. Because it will not be possible to determine until 
late in the fiscal year, at the earliest, whether the fiscal 
year 2008 funds are being effectively used, and due to other 
competing pressing needs, the Committee recommends $300,000,000 
for Mexico and $100,000,000 for the countries of Central 
America, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, for fiscal year 
2009. The Committee continues the requirements in Public Law 
110-252 on 15 percent of the funds for the military and law 
enforcement. The Committee notes that no funds are provided for 
budget support or cash transfer assistance.
    Missing and Exploited Children.--The Committee is aware of 
the work of the National Center for Missing and Exploited 
Children, and its activities overseas, such as information 
sharing, tracking incidents, and identifying patterns of 
international child pornography. The Committee recommends the 
Department of State consider a proposal for this purpose.
    Transfers.--The Committee is concerned that the budget 
request includes a total of $765,000,000 to be transferred from 
the Department of Defense to the Department of State for 
programs and activities in Iraq and Afghanistan. The use of 
these funds by the Department of State shall be subject to the 
regular notification procedures of the Committees on 
Appropriations.
    Not later than 90 days after enactment of this act, the 
Secretary of State shall report in writing detailing the amount 
of funds transferred to the Department of State from the 
Department of Defense for programs and activities in Iraq and 
Afghanistan, and for section 1207 programs, from fiscal years 
2005-2008, and anticipated transfers for fiscal year 2009.
    Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership.--The Committee 
supports the budget request of $4,917,000 for this inter-
agency, counterterrorism initiative, which is funded from 
multiple accounts.

                      ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $324,808,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     406,757,000
Committee recommendation................................     315,000,000

    The Committee recommends $315,000,000 for the ACP account, 
$91,757,000 below the budget request and $9,808,000 below the 
fiscal year 2008 enacted level. Funds are allocated in the 
following table:

                                           ANDEAN COUNTERDRUG PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Country                       2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bolivia.........................................          29,757          31,000          27,000          -4,000
Brazil..........................................             992           1,000           1,000  ..............
Colombia........................................         244,618         329,557         241,800         -87,757
Ecuador.........................................           6,943           7,200           7,200  ..............
Panama..........................................             992           1,000           1,000  ..............
Peru............................................          36,546          37,000          37,000  ..............
    Transfer to FMF.............................           2,480  ..............  ..............  ..............
    Transfer to INCLE...........................           2,480  ..............  ..............  ..............
                                                 ===============================================================
      Total, Andean Counterdrug Programs........         324,808         406,757         315,000         -91,757
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee requires that all reprogramming of funds 
under this heading shall be subject to the same review and 
approval procedures by the Department of State as apply to the 
reprogramming of ESF funds.
    Colombia.--The Committee recommends a total of $543,300,000 
for assistance for Colombia in this act, which is $437,000 
above the request, and commends the Colombian Government for 
the rescue of hostages from the FARC, including three 
Americans.
    The Committee notes that after providing more than 
$6,000,000,000 in support of Plan Colombia since 2000, and 
vigorous efforts by the Colombian Government, many areas of 
Colombia are safer and its economic indicators have improved. 
However, armed groups, including demobilized paramilitaries who 
have rearmed and continue to traffic in drugs, threaten the 
security of many communities.
    Despite predictions that Plan Colombia would cut by half 
the amount of coca production by 2005, the amount of coca 
reported to be under cultivation has increased and coca is now 
grown in small, hard to eradicate plots in every region of the 
country, as coca growers continue to migrate and destroy the 
forest as they replant. The Committee directs the Department of 
State to conduct a thorough, objective cost-benefit analysis of 
the aerial eradication program, including an assessment of 
alternative approaches to reducing the cultivation and 
trafficking in illegal drugs in Colombia, and to report its 
findings and recommendations in writing to the Committee not 
later than 90 days after enactment of this act.
    Many coca growers would voluntarily shift to licit crops to 
avoid the dangers and difficulties of growing coca, if offered 
viable alternatives. Coffee and cacao offer such alternatives 
but require considerable training and support. To date, far too 
few resources have been devoted to such programs, without which 
Plan Colombia cannot succeed.
    The Committee remains troubled that after billions of 
dollars in U.S. training and equipment, reports of 
extrajudicial killings and other violations of human rights by 
the Colombian army, and impunity for these crimes, persist. The 
Committee notes the efforts of the Ministry of Defense to 
address these problems, but positive results are needed. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of State to report in writing, 
not later than 45 days after enactment of this act, detailing 
procedures in place to ensure the eligibility of Colombian army 
units that receive U.S. training and equipment. The Committee 
again conditions a portion of the military assistance on 
specific progress on human rights, and expects the Secretary to 
apply the law rigorously. The Committee commends the Fiscal 
General and the Procuraduria General for their efforts to 
investigate these crimes and recommends additional funds to 
support their offices.

                          DEPARTMENT OF STATE


                    MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $823,178,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............     200,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................     315,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     764,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................     350,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,100,000,000

    The Committee recommends $1,100,000,000 for the MRA 
account, which is $336,000,000 above the budget request and 
$76,822,000 above the fiscal year 2008 enacted level.
    Colombia.--The Committee recommends additional assistance 
for IDPs in Colombia, whose numbers are increasing.
    Iraqi Refugees.--The Committee remains deeply concerned 
with the plight of Iraqi refugees and IDPs and recognizes the 
significant economic and social burdens assumed by host 
countries. The Committee notes with concern that the fiscal 
year 2009 budget request did not include any funding for Iraqi 
refugees, and directs OMB to include appropriate funding in the 
fiscal year 2010 budget request to address the growing needs of 
Iraqi refugees and IDPs.
    North Korea.--The Committee recommends that assistance be 
made available for North Korean refugees, as authorized by 
Public Law 108-333, the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004.
    Tibetan Refugees.--The Committee supports assistance for 
Tibetan refugees who have fled their homeland and are in 
transit in Nepal or resettled in India. The Committee is 
concerned that Tibetans have been imprisoned and mistreated in 
Nepal for peacefully protesting China's recent crackdown in 
Tibet.

     UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $44,635,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................      31,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      45,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,000,000

    The Committee provides $50,000,000 for the ERMA account and 
notes that an additional $31,000,000 was included in the 
Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110-252).

    NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $483,055,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................      13,700,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     499,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................       4,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     564,000,000

    The Committee provides $564,000,000 for the NADR account, 
which is $65,000,000 above the request. Funds are allocated in 
the following table:

                        NONPROLIFERATION, ANTI-TERRORISM, DEMINING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Program                       2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nonproliferation Programs:
    Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund.......          33,725          40,000          45,000          +5,000
    Export Control and Related Border Security            45,627          41,300          41,300  ..............
     Assistance.................................
    Global Threat Reduction (formerly NWMDE)....          56,930          64,000          69,000          +5,000
        Biosecurity Engagement Program..........          25,789          29,000          29,000  ..............
     IAEA Voluntary Contribution................          51,083          50,000          66,000         +16,000
     CTBT International Monitoring System.......          23,806           9,900          31,000         +21,100
    Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism.......  ..............           5,000           5,000  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Nonproliferation Programs.......         236,960         239,200         286,300         +47,100
                                                 ===============================================================
Anti-Terrorism Programs:
    Anti-terrorism Assistance...................         123,304         141,475         141,475  ..............
    Terrorist Interdiction Programs.............          18,196           8,900           8,900  ..............
    CT Engagement with Allies...................             992           1,200           1,200  ..............
    Counterterrorism Financing..................           6,316           8,425           8,425  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Anti-terrorism Programs.........         148,808         160,000         160,000  ..............
                                                 ===============================================================
Regional Stability & Humanitarian Assistance:
    Conventional Weapons Destruction............           (\1\)         128,800         146,700         +17,900
        Humanitarian Demining Program...........          65,946  ..............          66,000         +66,500
        International Trust Fund................          12,771  ..............          12,500         +12,800
        Small Arms/Light Weapons Destruction....          44,359  ..............          68,200         +68,200
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Regional Stability &                 123,076         128,800         146,700         +17,900
           Humanitarian Assistance..............
                                                 ===============================================================
          Total, NADR...........................         508,844         528,000         593,000         +65,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Not Available.

                          Independent Agencies


                              PEACE CORPS

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $330,799,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     343,500,000
Committee recommendation................................     337,000,000

    The Committee recommends $337,000,000 for the Peace Corps, 
which is $6,500,000 below the request and $6,201,000 above the 
fiscal year 2008 level.
    The Committee is concerned with the lack of any apparent 
strategy guiding the Peace Corps' geographic distribution of 
volunteers, and directs the Peace Corps to evaluate placement 
of volunteers in the broader context of U.S. foreign policy 
priorities and to consult with the Committee when planning for 
the placement of volunteers in 2010.

                    MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $1,544,388,000
Rescission (Public Law 110-252).........................      58,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   2,225,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     254,000,000

    The Committee recommends $254,000,000 for the MCC, which is 
$1,971,000,000 below the request. The Committee recommends 
allocating these funds to support programs that were 
underfunded in the budget request to address immediate and 
pressing humanitarian, development, and security needs, as 
follows: Global Health and Child Survival, including HIV/AIDS, 
$733,000,000 above the request; Development Assistance, 
$210,945,000 above the request; International Disaster 
Assistance, $151,950,000 above the request; Global Food 
Security, $150,000,000 above the request; USAID Operating 
Expenses, $50,000,000 above the request; Migration and Refugee 
Assistance, $336,000,000 above the request; United States 
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance, $5,000,000 above 
the request; Contributions for International Peacekeeping 
Activities, $153,000,000 above the request; and 
Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related 
Programs, $65,000,000 above the request.
    The Committee strongly supports the MCC's goals of reducing 
poverty and promoting sustainable economic growth, and intends 
to support future compacts if current country compacts are 
shown to be cost effective and achieving results. However, the 
Committee is imposing a temporary pause in the signing of new 
compacts in order to more effectively evaluate MCC's programs 
and activities.
    The Committee notes that since fiscal year 2004, Congress 
has appropriated $7,500,000,000 for the MCC, of which 
$5,981,000,000 has been obligated for 17 country compacts. Of 
this amount, only $235,000,000 has been disbursed. In addition, 
many compacts are in the early stages of implementation and 
there are few tangible results to date. The Committee does not 
measure programmatic success by rates of expenditure, but 
cannot responsibly appropriate billions of dollars in 
additional funding for new compacts without more evidence that 
existing compacts are meeting their goals.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                        MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                         Country/Program                           2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Threshold Countries:
    New Country I...............................................          16,100  ..............         -16,100
    New Country II..............................................          32,100  ..............         -32,100
    New Country III.............................................          42,800  ..............         -42,800
    Threshold Stage 2...........................................          42,800          42,800  ..............
    Threshold Stage 2...........................................          12,800          12,800  ..............
    Monitoring and Evaluation...................................           3,400           3,400  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Threshold Countries.............................         150,000          59,000         -91,000
                                                                 ===============================================
Compact Countries...............................................       1,880,000  ..............      -1,880,000
                                                                 ===============================================
Administrative and Other Expenses:
    Administrative Expenses.....................................         100,000         100,000  ..............
    Due Diligence...............................................          60,000          60,000  ..............
    609(g) Pre-Compact Funding..................................          30,000          30,000  ..............
    Audit.......................................................           5,000           5,000  ..............
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Administrative and Other Expenses...............         195,000         195,000  ..............
                                                                 ===============================================
      TOTAL, MCC................................................       2,225,000         254,000      -1,971,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recognizes the startup time necessary for the 
development and implementation of compacts and provides 
sufficient funding for administrative expenses, due diligence 
and inspector general audits to effectively implement existing 
obligations, and to extend existing threshold programs, if 
justified.
    Analytical Errors.--The Committee is concerned with the GAO 
findings of analytical errors regarding MCC impact projections 
on income and poverty in certain country compacts (GAO-08-730). 
For the MCC's $506,900,000 compact with Mozambique, GAO found 
that the projection of the number of persons to be lifted out 
of poverty in 2015 was reduced from 270,000 to either 27,000 or 
56,000 persons. Using the lower estimate, it will cost U.S. 
taxpayers over $9,000 for each person in Mozambique to achieve 
the revised 2015 projections. The Committee directs the MCC to 
revise such projections on its website in a timely manner.
    Concurrent Compacts.--The Committee does not support 
proposed concurrent compacts without further evidence that 
existing compact objectives are being met.
    Country Efforts.--The Committee recognizes the significant 
efforts countries seeking compacts have undertaken to improve 
governance, invest in health and education, and support 
economic reforms, and encourages countries to continue these 
efforts.
    Reevaluation.--The Committee directs the MCC to be fiscally 
and programmatically responsible by utilizing existing 
unexpended balances to effectively implement its signed 
compacts, and recommends the incoming administration reevaluate 
MCC's needs for fiscal year 2010 based on current foreign 
assistance priorities and assessment of the MCC's achieved 
results, and to consult with the Committee on future plans.
    Reimbursements.--The Committee amends the Millennium 
Challenge Act of 2003 to require the MCC to fully reimburse 
USAID for costs associated with the development, 
implementation, and execution of MCC programs and activities.
    Reprogrammings.--The Committee recognizes that 
consideration of compacts for several countries will be delayed 
by the pause in MCC programming. However, the Committee 
underscores its strong support for additional assistance for 
countries important to U.S. interests. The Committee expects 
that should the MCC reprogram existing funds for new compacts, 
priority will be given to such countries.

                       INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $20,830,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      20,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      25,000,000

    The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for the Inter-American 
Foundation.

                     AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $29,757,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      30,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      35,000,000

    The Committee recommends $35,000,000 for the African 
Development Foundation.

                       Department of the Treasury


               INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $20,235,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      29,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      29,000,000

    The Committee provides $29,000,000 for the International 
Affairs Technical Assistance program.

                           DEBT RESTRUCTURING

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $30,055,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     141,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      85,000,000

    The Committee provides $85,000,000 for bilateral Heavily 
Indebted Poor Country [HIPC] and poorest country debt 
reduction, HIPC Trust Fund, and Tropical Forest Conservation 
Act debt reduction programs, $56,000,000 below the budget 
request and $54,945,000 above the fiscal year 2008 enacted 
level. The Committee recommends $20,000,000 to support 
implementation of the Tropical Forest Conservation Act.

                                TITLE IV

                   INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

                        PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $226,381,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-161).............      35,000,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     247,200,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................      95,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     257,200,000

    The Committee provides $257,200,000 for the PKO account 
which supports multilateral peacekeeping operations and 
training, $10,000,000 above the budget request.
    MFO.--The Committee recommends $25,000,000 for a United 
States contribution to the Multinational Force and Observers 
mission in the Sinai, an increase of $3,250,000 above the 
budget request. The Committee remains concerned with the 
security challenges associated with this mission. The Committee 
recommends that additional funds for security requirements be 
matched by sources other than the United States.

             INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $85,181,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      90,500,000
Committee recommendation................................      91,500,000

    The Committee provides $91,500,000 for the IMET program.
    The Committee directs the Western Hemisphere Institute for 
Security and Cooperation to make publicly available the name, 
rank, country of origin, and dates of attendance of students 
and instructors at the institute.

                   FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM

                     (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $4,451,970,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    A)..................................................     137,500,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   4,812,000,000
Emergency supplemental (Public Law 110-252, Subchapter 
    B)..................................................     302,500,000
Committee recommendation................................   4,479,000,000

    The Committee provides $4,479,000,000 for the FMF account, 
$333,000,000 below the budget request and $27,030,000 above the 
fiscal year 2008 enacted level.
    Funds are allocated in the following table:

                                       FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                     Country                       2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bahrain.........................................           3,968          19,500          19,500  ..............
Cambodia........................................             198             750           1,000            +250
Colombia........................................          55,050          66,390          53,000         -13,390
Egypt...........................................       1,289,470       1,300,000       1,300,000  ..............
Ethiopia........................................             843           4,000           1,000          -3,000
Guatemala.......................................             496             500             500  ..............
Indonesia.......................................          15,572          15,700          15,700  ..............
Israel..........................................       2,380,560       2,550,000       2,380,000        -170,000
Jordan..........................................         198,380         235,000         235,000  ..............
Kenya...........................................             198             100           2,000          +1,900
Lebanon.........................................           6,943          62,200          62,200  ..............
Oman............................................           4,712          12,000          12,000  ..............
Pakistan........................................         297,570         300,000         300,000  ..............
Philippines.....................................          29,757          15,000          30,000         +15,000
Thailand........................................             149             800             800  ..............
Tunisia.........................................           8,345           2,262           8,360          +6,098
Unallocated FMF.................................         159,759         227,798          57,940        -169,858
By Transfer.....................................           2,480  ..............  ..............  ..............
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Foreign Military Financing Program.       4,451,970       4,812,000       4,479,000        -333,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee remains concerned that the Department of 
State's capacity and procedures for monitoring the use of U.S. 
military equipment by foreign security forces are inadequate. 
While considerable effort is made to vet candidates for U.S. 
military training, little is done to track equipment, including 
weapons and ammunition, to foreign forces. The Committee 
recommends $2,000,000 through DRL for this purpose, which 
continues an initiative begun in fiscal year 2008.

                             COUNTRY ISSUES

    Ethiopia.--The Committee is concerned with reports of 
widespread human rights violations by the Ethiopian military 
against civilians in the Somali, Oromia, and Gambella regions 
of the country. The Committee limits FMF assistance to 
$1,000,000 and requires the Secretary of State to report in 
writing on efforts by the Ethiopian Government to investigate 
and prosecute those responsible.
    Israel.--The Committee recommends $2,380,000,000 for 
assistance for Israel, which when added to the $170,000,000 for 
Israel included in the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 
(Public Law 110-252), totals $2,550,000,000 in fiscal year 
2009, an amount equal to the budget request.
    Jordan.--The Committee recommends $235,000,000 for 
assistance for Jordan, the amount requested.
    Morocco.--The Committee directs the Secretary of State to 
report in writing not later than 90 days after enactment of 
this act, detailing steps taken by the Government of Morocco to 
continue to make progress on human rights, and whether it is 
allowing all persons to (1) advocate freely their views 
regarding the status and future of the Western Sahara through 
the exercise of their rights to peaceful expression and 
association; and (2) document violations of human rights in the 
territory without harassment.
    Tunisia.--The Committee recommends $8,360,000 for 
assistance for Tunisia.

                                TITLE V

                        MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE

                  Funds Appropriated to the President

                INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $316,897,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     276,900,000
Committee recommendation................................     364,000,000

    The Committee provides $364,000,000 for the IO&P; account, 
$84,100,000 above the budget request and $47,103,000 above the 
fiscal year 2008 enacted level. Funds are allocated in the 
following table:

                                    INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
                                   [Budget authority in thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Fiscal year     Fiscal year      Committee      Change from
                  Organization                     2008  actual    2009  request  recommendation      request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Center for Human Settlements (U.N.-Habitat).....             992           1,000           2,500          +1,500
IMO Maritime Security Programs..................             397             400             400  ..............
International Civil Aviation Organization.......             942             950             950  ..............
International Conservation Programs.............           6,447           5,900           7,000          +1,100
International Contributions for Scientific,                  992           1,000           1,000  ..............
 Educational, and Cultural Activities...........
International Development Law Organization......             298             300             300  ..............
International Panel on Climate Change/U.N.                 5,455           5,320           9,000          +3,680
 Framework on Climate Change....................
Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.............          18,846          19,000          19,000  ..............
OAS Development Assistance Programs.............           5,455           5,000           5,000  ..............
OAS Fund for Strengthening Democracy............           3,472           2,500           3,500          +1,000
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Eur-          4,464  ..............  ..............  ..............
   ope..........................................
Procurement Task Force..........................  ..............  ..............           2,000          +2,000
U.N. Children's Fund............................         127,955         124,500         129,000          +4,500
U.N. Democracy Fund.............................  ..............          14,000  ..............         -14,000
U.N. Development Fund for Women.................           3,571             950           5,000          +4,050
U.N. Development Program........................          97,365          75,300          97,500         +22,200
U.N. Environment Program........................          10,415           9,524          10,500            +976
U.N. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Initiative.  ..............  ..............  ..............  ..............
U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian           2,976           2,000           3,000          +1,000
 Affairs........................................
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights.........           6,943  ..............           9,000          +9,000
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in           1,414           1,400           1,400  ..............
 the Field of Human Rights......................
U.N. Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture......           6,943           5,006           7,100          +2,094
UNIFEM Trust Fund...............................           1,785  ..............           3,000          +3,000
World Meteorological Organization...............           1,885           1,900           1,900  ..............
World Trade Organization........................             942             950             950  ..............
U.N. Population Fund............................           6,943  ..............          45,000         +45,000
                                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, IO&P...............................;         316,897         276,900         364,000         +87,100
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 
[OSCE].--The Committee notes the role of the OSCE in advancing 
U.S. interests, including the promotion of human rights, 
democratic governance and the rule of law as well as efforts to 
combat human trafficking, sexual exploitation of children, and 
anti-Semitism and other forms of intolerance. The Committee 
urges the Department of State to provide adequate funding to 
ensure continued U.S. leadership within the OSCE.
    Procurement Task Force.--The Committee supports the 
continuation of an independent procurement task force to 
address fraud and corruption within the United Nations, and 
recommends $2,000,000 for this purpose.
    U.N. Democracy Fund.--The Committee does not support the 
budget request of $14,000,000 for a voluntary contribution to 
the UNDF. The Committee requests the administration to explain 
how a contribution to the UNDF fits into its overall strategy 
to promote democracy abroad.

  CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $17,926,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      18,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      18,000,000

    The Committee provides $18,000,000 for a U.S. contribution 
to IFAD.

                  INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Appropriations, 2008....................................  $1,259,363,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   2,053,305,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,549,241,000

    The Committee provides the total amount of paid-in capital 
funding shown above to provide for contributions to the 
International Development Association, the GEF, the Inter-
American Development Bank's Multilateral Investment Fund, the 
Asian Development Fund, and the African Development Fund.

                      GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $81,101,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      80,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     100,000,000

    The Committee provides $100,000,000 for a contribution to 
the GEF, of which $20,000,000 is for a U.S. contribution to the 
Least Developed Countries Fund to support climate change 
adaptation programs and activities.

       CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $942,305,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................   1,277,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,177,000,000

    The Committee provides $1,177,000,000 for a U.S. 
contribution to IDA, which is $100,000,000 below the budget 
request and $234,695,000 above the fiscal year 2008 level.
    The Committee is aware that the World Bank is establishing 
a fund for the Advanced Market Commitments for pneumococcal 
vaccines. The Committee directs the Department of the Treasury 
to consult with the Committee on the necessary steps for the 
United States to participate in this fund.

                        CLEAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

Appropriations, 2008....................................................
Budget estimate, 2009...................................    $400,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     200,000,000

    The Committee recommends $200,000,000 for a U.S. 
contribution to an international clean energy technology fund 
at the World Bank or other entity, if the Secretary of the 
Treasury certifies and reports that such fund will operate in a 
manner consistent with the objectives of the United Nations 
Framework Convention on Climate Change and will only finance 
zero-carbon renewable technologies and energy efficient end-use 
technologies. The Committee recognizes that a dramatic increase 
in private sector investment is necessary to address global 
warming, and that Government financing can serve as a catalyst 
for such investment. The technologies financed by the fund 
shall be commercially available, able to be implemented on a 
large scale, and have clear potential to become cost-
competitive for private investors or consumers, without 
subsidies, by 2020.
    The Committee is concerned that the World Bank continues to 
fund projects that emit large amounts of carbon. The Committee 
requires carbon accounting for all projects financed by the 
World Bank, or such other entity, that would result in 
significant carbon emissions, utilizing uniform and the most 
up-to-date calculation techniques, and that the monetary value 
of carbon emissions reduction is included in the assessment of 
a project's economic, social and environmental costs and 
benefits. To ensure transparency and accountability, the World 
Bank shall maintain a website that makes publicly available 
such information including the methodology used for calculating 
carbon emissions reduction.
    The Committee requires that the contribution to the fund be 
matched by other sources than the U.S. Government, and further 
recommends that the fund require recipient countries and 
implementers to utilize cost matching requirements to further 
leverage the use of public funding.
    The Committee notes that existing energy efficiency end-use 
technologies can produce dramatic reductions in carbon 
emissions in industry, buildings and vehicles. High-leverage, 
broad-based actions such as removing institutional barriers and 
training design professionals and energy-efficiency specialists 
in modern techniques should be emphasized.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT 
                                  FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $24,797,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      25,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      25,000,000

               CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $74,544,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     115,250,000
Committee recommendation................................     101,186,000

              CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

Appropriations, 2008....................................    $134,585,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................     156,055,000
Committee recommendation................................     146,055,000

                                TITLE VI

                    EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

                Export-Import Bank of the United States

                           INSPECTOR GENERAL

Appropriations, 2008....................................        $992,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................       2,500,000
Committee recommendation................................       2,500,000

                         SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $67,449,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      41,000,000

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $77,368,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      81,500,000

    The Committee recommends $2,500,000 for the Inspector 
General, $41,000,000 for the subsidy appropriation, and 
$81,500,000 for Administrative Expenses for the Export-Import 
Bank.

                Overseas Private Investment Corporation


                           NONCREDIT ACCOUNT

                        ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $47,115,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      50,600,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,600,000

    The Committee recommends $50,600,000 for OPIC 
administrative expenses.

                            PROGRAM ACCOUNT

                              DIRECT LOANS

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $23,310,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      29,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      29,000,000

    For purposes of section 747 related to Libya in this act, 
loans, grants, and other financing provided by OPIC shall be 
considered ``assistance''.

                  FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT

                      TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

Appropriations, 2008....................................     $49,992,000
Budget estimate, 2009...................................      50,800,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,800,000

    The Committee recommends $50,800,000 for the TDA.

                    GENERAL PROVISIONS--TITLES II-VI

    Sec. 701. Compensation for United States Executive 
Directors to International Financial Institutions.
    Sec. 702. Limitation on Residence Expenses.
    Sec. 703. Unobligated Balances Report.
    Sec. 704. Limitation on Representational Allowances.
    Sec. 705. Prohibition on Taxation of United States 
Assistance.
    Sec. 706. Prohibition Against Direct Funding for Certain 
Countries.
    Sec. 707. Military Coups.
    Sec. 708. Transfer Authority.
    Sec. 709. Commercial Leasing of Defense Articles.
    Sec. 710. Availability of Funds.
    Sec. 711. Limitation on Assistance to Countries in Default.
    Sec. 712. Commerce and Trade.
    Sec. 713. Surplus Commodities.
    Sec. 714. Reprogramming Notification Requirements.
    Sec. 715. Limitation on Availability of Funds for 
International Organizations and Programs.
    Sec. 716. Near East Security and Stability.
    Sec. 717. Prohibition on Funding for Abortions and 
Involuntary Sterilization.
    Sec. 718. Allocations.
    Sec. 719. Special Notification Requirements.
    Sec. 720. Definition of Program, Project, and Activity.
    Sec. 721. Global Health and Child Survival Activities.
    Sec. 722. Afghanistan.
    Sec. 723. Notification on Excess Defense Equipment.
    Sec. 724. Global Fund Management.
    Sec. 725. Prohibition on Bilateral Assistance to Terrorist 
Countries.
    Sec. 726. Debt-for-Development.
    Sec. 727. Separate Accounts.
    Sec. 728. Enterprise Funds.
    Sec. 729. Authorities for the Peace Corps, Inter-American 
Foundation and African Development Foundation.
    Sec. 730. Impact on Jobs in the United States.
    Sec. 731. Comprehensive Expenditures Report.
    Sec. 732. Special Authorities.
    Sec. 733. Eligibility for Assistance.
    Sec. 734. Reservations of Funds.
    Sec. 735. Asia.
    Sec. 736. Prohibition on Publicity or Propaganda.
    Sec. 737. Prohibition of Payments to United Nations 
Members.
    Sec. 738. Requests for Documents.
    Sec. 739. Restriction on Exports.
    Sec. 740. Parking Fines and Real Property Taxes Owed by 
Foreign Governments.
    Sec. 741. War Crimes Tribunals Drawdown.
    Sec. 742. Landmines and Cluster Munitions.
    Sec. 743. Prohibition of Payment of Certain Expenses.
    Sec. 744. Anti-Kleptocracy.
    Sec. 745. Foreign Military Training Report.
    Sec. 746. Authorization Requirement.
    Sec. 747. Libya.
    Sec. 748. War Criminals.
    Sec. 749. User Fees.
    Sec. 750. United Nations Population Fund.
    Sec. 751. Community-Based Police Assistance.
    Sec. 752. Special Debt Relief for the Poorest.
    Sec. 753. Authority to Engage in Debt Buybacks or Sales.
    Sec. 754. Reconciliation Programs.
    Sec. 755. Africa.
    Sec. 756. Transparency and Accountability.
    Sec. 757. Excess Defense Articles.
    Sec. 758. Western Hemisphere.
    Sec. 759. Energy and Environment Programs.
    Sec. 760. Development Grants Program.
    Sec. 761. USAID Management (Including Transfer of Funds).
    Sec. 762. OPIC Transfer Authority (Including Transfer of 
Funds).
    Sec. 763. Reporting Requirement.
    Sec. 764. Inhumane International Prison Conditions.
    Sec. 765. Iraq.
    Sec. 766. Uzbekistan.
    Sec. 767. United Nations Human Rights Council.
    Sec. 768. Attendance at International Conferences.
    Sec. 769. Central Asia.
    Sec. 770. Disability Programs.
    Sec. 771. Orphans, Displaced, and Abandoned Children.
    Sec. 772. Child Soldiers.
    Sec. 773. Serbia.
    Sec. 774. Philippines.
    Sec. 775. Pakistan.
    Sec. 776. Sri Lanka.
    Sec. 777. Millennium Challenge Corporation.
    Sec. 778. Removal of Certain Restrictive Eligibility 
Requirements.
    Sec. 779. Cuba.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Rule XVI, paragraph 7 requires that every report on a 
general appropriation bill filed by the Committee must identify 
each recommended amendment, with particularity, which proposes 
an item of appropriation which is not made to carry out the 
provisions of an existing law, a treaty stipulation, or an act 
or resolution previously passed by the Senate during that 
session.
    Items providing funding for fiscal year 2009 which lack 
authorization are as follows:
    Administration of Foreign Affairs;
    International Organizations;
    International Commissions;
    Department of State and Related Programs;
    Broadcasting Board of Governors;
    USAID Operating Expenses;
    USAID Operating Expenses, Office of Inspector General;
    USAID Capital Investment Fund;
    Global Health and Child Survival;
    Development Assistance;
    International Disaster Assistance;
    Transition Initiatives;
    Development Credit Authority;
    Economic Support Fund;
    Assistance for Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia;
    Inter-American Foundation;
    African Development Foundation;
    Peace Corps;
    Millennium Challenge Corporation;
    Democracy Fund;
    International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement;
    Andean Counterdrug Programs;
    Migration and Refugee Assistance;
    United States Emergency Migration and Refugee Assistance 
Fund;
    Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related 
Assistance;
    International Affairs Technical Assistance;
    Debt Restructuring;
    International Military Education and Training;
    Foreign Military Financing Program;
    Peacekeeping Operations;
    International Organizations and Programs;
    Clean Energy Technology;
    Asian Development Fund; and
    African Development Fund.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(c), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on July 17, 2008, 
the Committee ordered reported an original bill (S. 3288) 
making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign 
operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2009, and for other purposes, and authorized the 
chairman of the committee or the chairman of the subcommittee 
to offer the text of the Senate bill as a committee amendment 
in the nature of a substitute to the House companion measure, 
with the bill subject to amendment and subject to the budget 
allocations, by a recorded vote of 28-1, a quorum being 
present. The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Byrd                       Mr. Brownback
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Johnson
Ms. Landrieu
Mr. Reed
Mr. Lautenberg
Mr. Nelson
Mr. Cochran
Mr. Stevens
Mr. Specter
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Craig
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. Allard
Mr. Alexander

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee report on 
a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute or 
part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the Committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by the bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets, new matter is printed in italic, and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.

              TITLE 22--FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE


                     CHAPTER 32--FOREIGN ASSISTANCE


                SUBCHAPTER I--INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


               Part IX--International Disaster Assistance


[Sec. 2292n. Cambodia: disaster relief assistance

[(a) Congressional recognition and statement of purpose; 
        authority of President; scope of assistance

    [The Congress recognizes that prompt United States 
assistance is necessary to alleviate the human suffering 
arising from famine and disease in Cambodia. Accordingly, the 
President is authorized to furnish assistance, on such terms 
and conditions as he may determine, for disaster relief to 
alleviate the suffering of the victims of famine and disease in 
Cambodia. Assistance provided under this section shall be for 
humanitarian purposes and limited to the civilian population, 
with emphasis on providing food, medicine and medical care, 
clothing, temporary shelter, transportation for emergency 
supplies and personnel, and similar assistance to save human 
lives.

[(b) Assistance through international agencies and private 
        voluntary organizations

    [Assistance provided under this section or any other 
provision of law to alleviate the human suffering caused by 
famine and disease in Cambodia shall be provided, to the 
maximum extent practicable, through international agencies and 
private voluntary organizations such as (among others) the 
World Relief Committee, World Medical Missions, Inc., Cama 
Services, World Vision, Food for the Hungry, Thailand Baptist 
Mission, Catholic Relief Services, Oxfam, and the International 
Rescue Committee.

[(c) Assistance procedures; monitoring of deliveries

    [(1) In providing assistance under this section, the 
President shall satisfy himself that adequate procedures have 
been established to ensure that such assistance reaches the 
innocent victims of famine and disease for whom it is intended. 
Such procedures shall include end use monitoring of deliveries 
on a periodic basis by individuals having freedom of movement 
where the assistance is being distributed within Cambodia.
    [(2) Repealed. Pub. L. 97-113, title VII, Sec. 734(a)(1), 
Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1560.

[(d) Authorization of appropriations; charges for obligations 
        incurred under other appropriations or accounts; 
        authority for transfer of funds; agricultural commodity 
        assistance priorities

    [(1) In addition to amounts otherwise available for such 
purposes, there is authorized to be appropriated for purposes 
of this section $30,000,000 for the fiscal year 1980, which 
amount is authorized to remain available until expended.
    [(2) Obligations incurred, prior to the enactment of 
appropriations to carry out this section, against other 
appropriations or accounts for the purpose of alleviating the 
human suffering caused by famine and disease in Cambodia may be 
charged to the appropriations authorized by paragraph (1) of 
this subsection.
    [(3) The President may exercise the authority of section 
2360(a) of this title (without regard to the 20 percent 
limitation contained in that section on increases in accounts) 
in order to transfer, for use in carrying out this section, up 
to $30,000,000 of the funds made available for the fiscal year 
1980 to carry out other provisions of this chapter.
    [(4) Priority shall be given in allocating assistance under 
the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 
[7 U.S.C.1691 et seq.] to furnishing agricultural commodities 
for use in carrying out this section.

[(e) Section 2292 policies and general authorities applicable

    [Assistance under this section shall be provided in 
accordance with the policies and utilizing the general 
authorities provided in section 2292 of this title.]

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


      FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
              APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1990, PUBLIC LAW 101-167


                      TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS


       establishing categories of aliens for purposes of refugee 
                             determinations

  Sec. 599D. (a) * * *
      (b) Establishment of Categories.--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) Within the number of admissions of refugees 
        allocated for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992 
        for refugees who are nationals of the Soviet Union 
        under section 207(a)(3) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act and within the number of such 
        admissions allocated for each of fiscal years 1993, 
        1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 
        2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, [and 2008] 2008, and 2009 for 
        refugees who are nationals of the independent states of 
        the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania 
        under such section, notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, the President shall allocate one thousand of 
        such admissions for such fiscal year to refugees who 
        are within the category of aliens described in 
        paragraph (2)(B).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

      (e) Period of Application.--
          (1) Subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and shall only apply 
        to applications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2008] 2009.
          (2) Subsection (c) shall apply to decisions made 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act and before 
        October 1, [2008] 2009.
          (3) Subsection (d) shall take effect on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and shall only apply to 
        reapplications for refugee status submitted before 
        October 1, [2008] 2009.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    adjustment of status for certain soviet and indochinese parolees

  Sec. 599E. (a) * * *
    (b) * * *
          (1) * * *
          (2) was inspected and granted parole into the United 
        States during the period beginning on August 15, 1988, 
        and ending on September 30, [2008] 2009, after being 
        denied refugee status.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                FREEDOM SUPPORT ACT, PUBLIC LAW 102-511


                       TITLE IX--OTHER PROVISIONS


SEC. 907. RESTRICTION ON ASSISTANCE TO AZERBAIJAN.

    (a) United States assistance under this or any other Act 
(other than assistance under title V of this Act) may not be 
provided to the Government of Azerbaijan until the President 
determines, and so reports to the Congress, that the Government 
of Azerbaijan is taking demonstrable steps to cease all 
blockades and other offensive uses of force against Armenia and 
Nagorno-Karabakh.
    (b)(1) Subsection (a) shall not apply to--
            (A) activities to support democracy or assistance 
        under title V of this Act and section 1424 of Public 
        Law 104-201 or non-proliferation assistance;
            (B) any assistance provided by the Trade and 
        Development Agency under section 661 of the Foreign 
        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2421);
            (C) any activity carried out by a member of the 
        United States and Foreign Commercial Service while 
        acting within his or her official capacity;
            (D) any insurance, reinsurance, guarantee or other 
        assistance provided by the Overseas Private Investment 
        Corporation under title IV of chapter 2 of part I of 
        the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2191 et 
        seq.);
            (E) any financing provided under the Export-Import 
        Bank Act of 1945; or
            (F) humanitarian assistance.
    (2) The President may waive subsection (a) on an annual 
basis if he determines and certifies to the Committees on 
Appropriations that to do so--
            (A) is necessary to support United States efforts 
        to counter international terrorism; or
            (B) is necessary to support the operational 
        readiness of United States Armed Forces or coalition 
        partners to counter international terrorism; or
            (C) is important to Azerbaijan's border security; 
        and
            (D) will not undermine or hamper ongoing efforts to 
        negotiate a peaceful settlement between Armenia and 
        Azerbaijan or be used for offensive purposes against 
        Armenia.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT, FISCAL YEAR 2003, PUBLIC LAW 107-
                                  228


      TITLE V--UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACTIVITIES


SEC. 504. PERSONAL SERVICES CONTRACTING PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (c) Termination of authority.--The authority to award 
personal services contracts under the pilot program authorized 
by this section shall terminate on [December 31, 2008] December 
31, 2009. A contract entered into prior to the termination date 
under this subsection may remain in effect for a period not to 
exceed 6 months after such termination date.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


          MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW 108-199


               TITLE VI--MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE ACT OF 2003

    SEC. 615. COORDINATION WITH UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR 
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Requirement for Coordination.--The Chief Executive 
Officer shall consult with the Administrator of the United 
States Agency for International Development in order to 
coordinate the activities of the Corporation with the 
activities of the Agency.
    (b) USAID Programs.--The Administrator of the United States 
Agency for International Development shall seek to ensure that 
appropriate programs of the Agency play a primary role in 
preparing candidate countries to become eligible countries[.]; 
and
    (c) Reimbursement.--The Corporation shall reimburse the 
United States Agency for International Development for all 
expenses incurred by the Agency in assisting the Corporation in 
carrying out this title, including administrative costs for 
compact development, negotiation, and implementation.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


       CONSOLIDATED APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005, PUBLIC LAW 108-447


DIVISION D--FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS 
                        APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2005


                                TITLE V


                           GENERAL PROVISIONS


                          VIETNAMESE REFUGEES

    Sec. 594. (a) Eligibility for In-Country Refugee Processing 
in Vietnam.--For purposes of eligibility for in-country refugee 
processing for nationals of Vietnam during fiscal year [2009] 
2010, an alien described in subsection (b) shall be considered 
to be a refugee of special humanitarian concern to the United 
States (within the meaning of section 207 of the Immigration 
and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1157)) and shall be admitted to 
the United States for resettlement if the alien would be 
admissible as an immigrant under the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (except as provided in section 207(c)(3) of 
that Act).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


       CONSOLIDATED APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2008, PUBLIC LAW 110-161


   DIVISION J--DEPARTMENT OF STATE, FOREIGN OPERATIONS, AND RELATED 
                   PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2008


                     GENERAL PROVISIONS--THIS TITLE


                        PEACEKEEPING ASSESSMENT

    Sec. 113. Section 404(b)(2)(B) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995, (22 U.S.C. 287e 
note) is amended at the end by adding the following: [``(v) For 
assessments made during calendar year 2008, 27.1 percent.''].
    (v) For assessments made during each of the calendar years 
2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009, 27.1 percent.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                        BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL


  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Budget authority               Outlays
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                               Committee    Amount  of   Committee    Amount  of
                                                               allocation      bill      allocation      bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations
 to its subcommittees of amounts in the Budget Resolution
 for 2009: Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations:
    Mandatory...............................................          149          149          149       \1\149
    Discretionary...........................................       36,620       36,620       36,719    \1\36,656
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2009....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........    \2\18,938
    20010...................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        9,889
    2011....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        3,666
    2012....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        2,130
    2013 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        1,868
Financial assistance to State and local governments for                NA  ...........           NA  ...........
 2009.......................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

NA: Not applicable.

         DISCLOSURE OF CONGRESSIONALLY DIRECTED SPENDING ITEMS

    The Constitution vests in the Congress the power of the 
purse. The Committee believes strongly that Congress should 
make the decisions on how to allocate the people's money.
    As defined in Rule XLIV of the Standing Rules of the 
Senate, the term ``congressional directed spending item'' means 
a provision or report language included primarily at the 
request of a Senator, providing, authorizing, or recommending a 
specific amount of discretionary budget authority, credit 
authority, or other spending authority for a contract, loan, 
loan guarantee, grant, loan authority, or other expenditure 
with or to an entity, or targeted to a specific State, locality 
or congressional district, other than through a statutory or 
administrative, formula-driven, or competitive award process.
    For each item, a Member is required to provide a 
certification that neither the Member nor the Senator's 
immediate family has a pecuniary interest in such 
congressionally directed spending item. Such certifications are 
available to the public on the website of the Senate Committee 
on Appropriations (www.appropriations.senate.gov/senators.cfm).
    Neither the Committee recommendation nor this report 
contains any congressionally directed spending items, limited 
tax benefits nor limited tariff benefits as defined in rule 
XLIV.

  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2008 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2009
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                        Senate Committee recommendation
                                                                                                                            compared with (+ or -)
                             Item                                     2008         Budget estimate      Committee    -----------------------------------
                                                                  appropriation                      recommendation         2008
                                                                                                                        appropriation    Budget estimate
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

       TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND RELATED AGENCIES

                      DEPARTMENT OF STATE

               Administration of Foreign Affairs

Diplomatic and consular programs..............................        3,779,181         4,201,473         4,152,548          +373,367           -48,925
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............          575,000   ................  ................         -575,000   ................
    Worldwide security protection.............................          761,906         1,162,796         1,137,452          +375,546           -25,344
        Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).........          206,632   ................  ................         -206,632   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Worldwide Security Protection.............          968,538         1,162,796         1,137,452          +168,914           -25,344
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Diplomatic and consular programs.............        5,322,719         5,364,269         5,290,000           -32,719           -74,269
              Emergency appropriations........................         (781,632)  ................  ................        (-781,632)  ................

Civilian stabilization initiative.............................  ................          248,631           115,000          +115,000          -133,631
Capital investment fund.......................................           59,575            71,000            71,000           +11,425   ................
Office of Inspector General...................................           33,733            35,508            40,000            +6,267            +4,492
Educational and cultural exchange programs....................          501,347           522,444           545,250           +43,903           +22,806
Representation allowances.....................................            8,109             8,175             8,175               +66   ................
Protection of foreign missions and officials..................           22,814            18,000            12,000           -10,814            -6,000
Embassy security, construction, and maintenance...............          755,050           841,334           800,000           +44,950           -41,334
    Worldwide security upgrades...............................          670,524           948,400           830,000          +159,476          -118,400
    U.S. Agency for International Development construction....  ................  ................          135,225          +135,225          +135,225
Emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service............            8,927            19,000             9,000               +73           -10,000
Buying Power maintenance account..............................  ................  ................            5,000            +5,000            +5,000

Repatriation Loans Program Account:
    Direct loans subsidy......................................              673               678               678                +5   ................
    Administrative expenses...................................              602               675               675               +73   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Repatriation loans program account...............            1,275             1,353             1,353               +78   ................

Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan...................           16,219            16,840            16,840              +621   ................
Payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund.          158,900           157,100           157,100            -1,800   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Administration of Foreign Affairs................        7,559,192         8,252,054         8,035,943          +476,751          -216,111

                  International Organizations

Contributions to international organizations, current year            1,343,429         1,529,400         1,529,400          +185,971   ................
 assessment...................................................
Contributions for international peacekeeping activities,              1,222,517         1,497,000         1,650,000          +427,483          +153,000
 current year assessment......................................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............          468,000   ................  ................         -468,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, International Peacekeeping....................        1,690,517         1,497,000         1,650,000           -40,517          +153,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Organizations......................        3,033,946         3,026,400         3,179,400          +145,454          +153,000
          Emergency appropriations............................         (468,000)  ................  ................        (-468,000)  ................

                   International Commissions

International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and
 Mexico:
    Salaries and expenses.....................................           30,184            32,256            32,256            +2,072   ................
    Construction..............................................           87,709            44,250            52,250           -35,459            +8,000
American sections, international commissions..................           10,851            11,449            11,320              +469              -129
International fisheries commissions...........................           26,312            22,000            30,025            +3,713            +8,025
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International commissions........................          155,056           109,955           125,851           -29,205           +15,896

                        RELATED AGENCY

                Broadcasting Board of Governors

International Broadcasting Operations.........................          659,343           653,801           682,064           +22,721           +28,263
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............           12,000   ................  ................          -12,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, International Broadcasting Operations.........          671,343           653,801           682,064           +10,721           +28,263

Broadcasting to Cuba..........................................  ................           34,392   ................  ................          -34,392
Broadcasting capital improvements.............................           10,661            11,296            11,296              +635   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Broadcasting Board of Governors..................          682,004           699,489           693,360           +11,356            -6,129

                       Related Programs

The Asia Foundation...........................................           15,374            10,000            16,000              +626            +6,000
United States Institute of Peace: Operating expenses..........           24,797            33,000            31,000            +6,203            -2,000
Center for Middle Eastern-Western Dialogue....................              868               875               875                +7   ................
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship program........................              496               500               500                +4   ................
Israeli Arab scholarship program..............................              372               375               375                +3   ................
East-West Center..............................................           19,342            10,000            22,000            +2,658           +12,000
National Endowment for Democracy..............................  ................           80,000           120,000          +120,000           +40,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of State..............................       11,491,447        12,222,648        12,225,304          +733,857            +2,656
          Emergency appropriations............................       (1,261,632)  ................  ................      (-1,261,632)  ................

                       OTHER COMMISSIONS

 Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad

Salaries and expenses.........................................              495               599               599              +104   ................

         Commission on International Religious Freedom

Salaries and expenses.........................................            3,273             4,000             4,000              +727   ................

       Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

Salaries and expenses.........................................            2,351             2,610             2,610              +259   ................

Congressional-Executive Commission on the People's Republic of
                             China

Salaries and expenses.........................................            1,984             2,000             2,000               +16   ................

  United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission

Salaries and expenses.........................................            3,968             4,000             1,000            -2,968            -3,000

      United States Senate-China Interparliamentary Group

Salaries and expenses.........................................              149   ................              150                +1              +150
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title I, Department of State and Related Agency..       11,503,667        12,235,857        12,235,663          +731,996              -194
          Appropriations......................................      (10,242,035)      (12,235,857)      (12,235,663)      (+1,993,628)            (-194)
          Emergency appropriations............................       (1,261,632)  ................  ................      (-1,261,632)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================

 TITLE II--UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

             Administration of Foreign Assistance

              Funds Appropriated to the President

Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International                 629,856           767,184           817,184          +187,328           +50,000
 Development..................................................
    (By transfer).............................................           (6,000)  ................  ................          (-6,000)  ................
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............           20,800   ................  ................          -20,800   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Expenses USAID......................          650,656           767,184           817,184          +166,528           +50,000

Capital Investment Fund.......................................           87,287           171,000            35,775           -51,512          -135,225
Operating expenses of the U.S. Agency for International                  37,692            40,600            42,600            +4,908            +2,000
 Development Office of Inspector General......................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating Expenses USAID OIG..................           37,692            40,600            42,600            +4,908            +2,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, USAID............................................          775,635           978,784           895,559          +119,924           -83,225
          Emergency appropriations............................          (20,800)  ................  ................         (-20,800)  ................

           TITLE III--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE

              Funds Appropriated to the President

Global Health and Child Survival (USAID)......................        1,714,152         1,577,830         1,961,000          +246,848          +383,170
    Global HIV/AIDS Initiative (Dept. of State)...............        4,661,930         4,779,000         4,779,000          +117,070   ................
    Global fund contribution..................................         (550,000)         (200,000)         (600,000)         (+50,000)        (+400,000)
    Emergency appropriations USAID (Public Law 110-161).......          115,000   ................  ................         -115,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Global Health and Child Survival..............        6,491,082         6,356,830         6,740,000          +248,918          +383,170

Development assistance........................................        1,623,622         1,639,055         1,850,000          +226,378          +210,945
    (Transfer out)............................................         (-21,000)         (-21,000)         (-25,000)          (-4,000)          (-4,000)

International disaster assistance.............................          319,739           298,050           450,000          +130,261          +151,950
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............          110,000   ................  ................         -110,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, International Disaster Assistance.............          429,739           298,050           450,000           +20,261          +151,950

Global food security..........................................  ................  ................          150,000          +150,000          +150,000
Transition initiatives........................................           44,635            40,000            50,000            +5,365           +10,000

Development Credit Authority:
    (By transfer).............................................          (21,000)          (21,000)          (25,000)          (+4,000)          (+4,000)
    Administrative expenses...................................            8,094             7,600             9,000              +906            +1,400
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Development assistance........................        8,597,172         8,341,535         9,249,000          +651,828          +907,465

Economic support fund:
    Egypt.....................................................          411,638           200,000           200,000          -211,638   ................
    Other.....................................................        2,020,753         2,953,743         2,898,904          +878,151           -54,839
        Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).........          542,568   ................  ................         -542,568   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Economic support fund.....................        2,974,959         3,153,743         3,098,904          +123,945           -54,839

Democracy Fund................................................          162,672   ................          117,500           -45,172          +117,500
International Fund for Ireland................................           14,878   ................  ................          -14,878   ................
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia..............          690,050           621,733           661,733           -28,317           +40,000
International narcotics control and law enforcement...........          553,926         1,202,061           925,000          +371,074          -277,061
Andean Counterdrug Programs...................................          324,808           406,757           315,000            -9,808           -91,757

                      Department of State

Migration and refugee assistance..............................          823,178           764,000         1,100,000          +276,822          +336,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............          200,000   ................  ................         -200,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Migration and Refugee Assistance..............        1,023,178           764,000         1,100,000           +76,822          +336,000

United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund.           44,635            45,000            50,000            +5,365            +5,000
Nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining andrelated programs          483,055           499,000           564,000           +80,945           +65,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of State..............................        1,550,868         1,308,000         1,714,000          +163,132          +406,000
          Emergency appropriations............................         (200,000)  ................  ................        (-200,000)  ................

                     Independent Agencies

                Millenium Challenge Corporation

Appropriation.................................................        1,544,388         2,225,000           254,000        -1,290,388        -1,971,000

                   Inter-American Foundation

Appropriation.................................................           20,830            20,000            25,000            +4,170            +5,000

                African Development Foundation

Appropriation.................................................           29,757            30,000            35,000            +5,243            +5,000

                          Peace Corps

Appropriation.................................................          330,799           343,500           337,000            +6,201            -6,500

                  Department of the Treasury

International Affairs Technical Assistance....................           20,235            29,000            29,000            +8,765   ................
Debt restructuring............................................           30,055           141,000            85,000           +54,945           -56,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Department of the Treasury.......................           50,290           170,000           114,000           +63,710           -56,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title III, Bilateral economic assistance.........       16,845,397        17,822,329        16,846,137              +740          -976,192
          Appropriations......................................      (15,877,829)      (17,822,329)      (16,846,137)        (+968,308)        (-976,192)
          Emergency appropriations............................         (967,568)  ................  ................        (-967,568)  ................
      (By transfer)...........................................          (21,000)          (21,000)          (25,000)          (+4,000)          (+4,000)
      (Transfer out)..........................................         (-21,000)         (-21,000)         (-25,000)          (-4,000)          (-4,000)
                                                               =========================================================================================
          TITLE IV--INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE

              Funds Appropriated to the President

Peacekeeping operations.......................................          226,381           247,200           257,200           +30,819           +10,000
    Emergency appropriations (Public Law 110-161).............           35,000   ................  ................          -35,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Peacekeeping operations..........................          261,381           247,200           257,200            -4,181           +10,000

International Military Education and Training.................           85,181            90,500            91,500            +6,319            +1,000

Foreign Military Financing Program:
    Grants:
        Israel (Sec. 716).....................................        2,380,560         2,550,000         2,380,000              -560          -170,000
        Egypt (Sec. 716)......................................        1,289,470         1,300,000         1,300,000           +10,530   ................
        Other.................................................          781,940           962,000           799,000           +17,060          -163,000
        Emergency Appropriations (Public Law 110-161).........          100,000   ................  ................         -100,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Grants....................................        4,551,970         4,812,000         4,479,000           -72,970          -333,000
    (Limitation on administrative expenses)...................          (41,900)          (51,421)          (51,000)          (+9,100)            (-421)
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Foreign Military Financing...................        4,551,970         4,812,000         4,479,000           -72,970          -333,000
                                                               =========================================================================================
          Total, title IV, Military assistance................        4,898,532         5,149,700         4,827,700           -70,832          -322,000
              Appropriations..................................       (4,763,532)       (5,149,700)       (4,827,700)         (+64,168)        (-322,000)
              Emergency appropriations........................         (135,000)  ................  ................        (-135,000)  ................
          (Limitation on administrative expenses).............          (41,900)          (51,421)          (51,000)          (+9,100)            (-421)
                                                               =========================================================================================

              TITLE V--MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE

              Funds Appropriated to the President

International Organizations and Programs......................          316,897           276,900           364,000           +47,103           +87,100
Contribution to the International Fund for Agricultural                  17,926            18,000            18,000               +74   ................
 Development..................................................

             International Financial Institutions

Clean Energy Technology.......................................  ................          400,000           200,000          +200,000          -200,000

                       World Bank Group

Contribution to the International Bank for Reconstruction and            81,101            80,000           100,000           +18,899           +20,000
 Development: Global Environment Facility.....................
Contribution to the International Development Association.....          942,305         1,277,000         1,177,000          +234,695          -100,000
Contribution to Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency......  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)............           (7,300)  ................  ................          (-7,300)  ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, World Bank Group.................................        1,023,406         1,357,000         1,277,000          +253,594           -80,000

Contribution to the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral             24,797            25,000            25,000              +203   ................
 Investment Fund..............................................
Contribution to the Asian Development Fund....................           74,544           115,250           101,186           +26,642           -14,064

Contribution to the African Development Bank:
    Paid-in capital...........................................            2,021   ................  ................           -2,021   ................
    (Limitation on callable capital subscriptions)............          (31,919)  ................  ................         (-31,919)  ................
    Contribution to the African Development Fund..............          134,585           156,055           146,055           +11,470           -10,000
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, African Development Bank.........................          136,606           156,055           146,055            +9,449           -10,000

Contribution to the European Bank for Reconstruction and                     10   ................  ................              -10   ................
 Development: Paid-in capital.................................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, International Financial Institutions.............        1,259,363         2,053,305         1,749,241          +489,878          -304,064
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title V, Multilateral assistance.................        1,594,186         2,348,205         2,131,241          +537,055          -216,964
          (Limitation on callable capital subscript)..........          (39,219)  ................  ................         (-39,219)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
          TITLE VI--EXPORT AND INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE

            Export-Import Bank of the United States

Inspector General.............................................              992             2,500             2,500            +1,508   ................
Subsidy appropriation.........................................           67,449            41,000            41,000           -26,449   ................
    Rescission................................................  ................  ................          -42,000           -42,000           -42,000
Administrative expenses.......................................           77,368            81,500            81,500            +4,132   ................
Receipts collected............................................  ................  ................           42,000           +42,000           +42,000
Offsetting collections........................................         -146,000          -165,000          -165,000           -19,000   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Export-Import Bank of the United States..........             -191           -40,000           -40,000           -39,809   ................

            Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Noncredit account:
    Administrative expenses...................................           47,115            50,600            50,600            +3,485   ................
    Insurance fees and other offsetting collections...........         -237,000          -249,600          -249,600           -12,600   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Noncredit account.............................         -189,885          -199,000          -199,000            -9,115   ................
Program account...............................................           23,310            29,000            29,000            +5,690   ................
                                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Overseas Private Investment Corporation..........         -166,575          -170,000          -170,000            -3,425   ................

              Funds Appropriated to the President

Trade and Development Agency..................................           49,992            50,800            50,800              +808   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================

      Total, title VI, Export and investment assistance.......         -116,774          -159,200          -159,200           -42,426   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================

                 TITLE VII--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Export-Import Bank rescission.................................          -25,000   ................  ................          +25,000   ................
Economic Support Fund rescission..............................         -133,000   ................  ................         +133,000   ................
                                                               =========================================================================================
      Total, title VI, General Provisions.....................         -158,000   ................  ................         +158,000   ................
          Appropriations......................................  ................  ................  ................  ................  ................
          Rescissions.........................................        (-158,000)  ................  ................        (+158,000)  ................
                                                               =========================================================================================

      Grand total.............................................       35,342,643        38,375,675        36,777,100        +1,434,457        -1,598,575
          Appropriations......................................      (33,115,643)      (38,375,675)      (36,819,100)      (+3,703,457)      (-1,556,575)
          Emergency appropriations............................       (2,385,000)  ................  ................      (-2,385,000)  ................
          Rescissions.........................................        (-158,000)  ................         (-42,000)        (+116,000)         (-42,000)
      (By transfer)...........................................          (27,000)          (21,000)          (25,000)          (-2,000)          (+4,000)
      (Transfer out)..........................................         (-21,000)         (-21,000)         (-25,000)          (-4,000)          (-4,000)
      (Limitation on administrative expenses).................          (41,900)          (51,421)          (51,000)          (+9,100)            (-421)
      (Limitation on callable capital subscript)..............          (39,219)  ................  ................         (-39,219)  ................
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