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                                                       Calendar No. 204
110th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 1st Session                                                     110-84

======================================================================
 
       DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2008
                                _______
                                

                 June 18, 2007.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

            Mr. Byrd, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany S. 1644]

    The Committee on Appropriations, to which was referred the 
bill (H.R. 0000) making appropriations for the Department of 
Homeland Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 
2008, and for other purposes, reports the same to the Senate 
with an amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do 
pass. deg.
     The Committee on Appropriations reports the bill (S. 1644) 
making appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security 
for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008, and for other 
purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the 
bill do pass.



Total obligational authority, fiscal year 2008

Total of bill as reported to the Senate \1\ \2\......... $37,623,424,000
Amount of 2007 appropriations \3\.......................  34,797,323,000
Amount of 2008 budget estimate \2\......................  35,373,333,000
Bill as recommended to Senate compared to--
    2007 appropriations.................................  +2,826,101,000
    2008 budget estimate................................  +2,250,091,000

\1\ Includes $101,787,000 in rescissions.
\2\ Includes $272,111,000 a permanent indefinite appropriation for the 
Coast Guard health care fund contribution and $48,787,000 in 
rescissions.
\3\ Excludes $5,510,000,000 of emergency appropriations contained in the 
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq 
Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28). Includes 
$1,829,000,000 of emergency appropriations contained in Public Law 109-
295 for border security and the United States Coast Guard; includes 
$278,704,000 as a permanent indefinite appropriation for United States 
Coast Guard health care fund contributions; and includes $313,005,000 of 
rescissions. Excludes a rescission of $30,900,000 pursuant to Public Law 
110-28.


                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              

                    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

                                                                   Page
Overview and Summary of the Bill.................................     4
Transparency in Congressional Directives.........................     9
Title I:
    Departmental Management and Operations:
        Office of the Secretary and Executive Management.........    10
        Office of the Under Secretary for Management.............    16
        Office of the Chief Financial Officer....................    20
        Office of the Chief Information Officer..................    21
        Analysis and Operations..................................    23
        Office of the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Goast 
          Rebuilding.............................................    24
        Office of Inspector General..............................    25
Title II:
    Security, Enforcement, and Investigations:
        U.S. Customs and Border Protection:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    27
            Automation Modernization.............................    35
            Border Security Fencing, Infrastructure, and 
              Technology.........................................    37
            Air and Marine Interdiction, Operations, Maintenance, 
              and Procurement....................................    38
            Construction.........................................    40
        U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    42
            Federal Protective Service...........................    49
            Automation Modernization.............................    50
            Construction.........................................    51
        Transportation Security Administration:
            Aviation Security....................................    52
            Surface Transportation Security......................    60
            Transportation Threat Assessment and Credentialing...    61
            Transportation Security Support......................    63
            Federal Air Marshals.................................    64
        United States Coast Guard:
            Operating Expenses...................................    65
            Environmental Compliance and Restoration.............    71
            Reserve Training.....................................    71
            Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements..........    72
            Alteration of Bridges................................    76
            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation..........    76
            Retired Pay..........................................    77
        United States Secret Service:
            Salaries and Expenses................................    77
            Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
              Ex- 
              penses.............................................    80
Title III:
    Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery:
        National Protection and Programs Directorate:
            Management and Administration........................    82
            Infrastructure Protection and Information Security...    83
            United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator 
              Technology.........................................    86
        Office of Health Affairs.................................    87
        Federal Emergency Management Agency:
            Management and Administration........................    90
            State and Local Programs.............................    95
            Firefighter Assistance Grants........................   101
            Emergency Management Performance Grants..............   101
            Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program..........   102
            United States Fire Administration....................   103
            Disaster Relief......................................   103
            Disaster Assistance Direct Loan Program Account......   104
            Flood Map Modernization Fund.........................   105
            National Flood Insurance Fund........................   106
            National Flood Mitigation Fund.......................   106
            National Pre-Disaster Mitigation Fund................   107
            Emergency Food and Shelter...........................   107
Title IV:
    Research and Development, Training, and Services:
        United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.......   108
        Federal Law Enforcement Training Center:
            Salaries and Expenses................................   111
            Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related 
              Expen- 
              ses................................................   112
        Science and Technology:
            Management and Administration........................   112
            Research, Development, Acquisition, and Operations...   113
        Domestic Nuclear Detection Office:
            Management and Administration........................   119
            Research, Development, and Operations................   120
            Systems Acquisition..................................   121
Title V:.........................................................
    General Provisions...........................................   123
Program, Project, and Activity...................................   126
Compliance With Paragraph 7, Rule XVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Sen- 
  ate............................................................   127
Compliance With Paragraph 7(C), Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules 
  of the Senate..................................................   128
Compliance With Paragraph 12, Rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of 
  the Senate.....................................................   129

                    OVERVIEW AND SUMMARY OF THE BILL

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Fiscal year 2008
                                      Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                           request       recommendation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Title I--Departmental Management and    $1,096,981,000    $1,103,770,000
 Operations.........................
Title II--Security, Enforcement, and    26,415,592,000    26,914,220,000
 Investigations.....................
Title III--Protection, Preparedness,     6,206,704,000     7,946,369,000
 Response, and Recovery.............
Title IV--Research and Development,      1,654,056,000     1,704,065,000
 Training, and Services.............
Title V--General Provisions.........  ................       -45,000,000
                                     -----------------------------------
      Total, new budget                 35,373,333,000    37,623,424,000
       (obligational authority).....
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$37,623,424,000 for the Department of Homeland Security (the 
Department) for fiscal year 2007, $2,250,091,000 more than the 
budget request. Of this amount, $36,438,704,000 is for 
discretionary programs.

                    ENHANCED SECURITY FOR AMERICANS

    In every State of the Union Address since the attacks on 9/
11, the President has raised the specter of another attack. In 
January 2007, he said, ``Every success against the terrorists 
is a reminder of the shoreless ambitions of this enemy . . . In 
the sixth year since our Nation was attacked, I wish I could 
report to you that the dangers had ended. They have not.''
    Regrettably, the President's budget does not commit 
significant resources to address known vulnerabilities in this 
country. Moreover, it appears this Department has been far too 
reliant on what could be called ``paper security'', instead of 
enhanced security. The Department is reliant on standards that 
are not enforced and on reports prepared by contractors that 
are never executed.
    The administration claims the budget request for the 
Department of Homeland Security it submitted in February 2007, 
represented an 8 percent increase over the previous fiscal 
year. That claim can only be found on paper. When you dig 
through the details of the President's budget, and truly 
understand its consequences, the increase that is proposed for 
homeland security is only 1.7 percent. A 1.7 percent increase 
does not provide enhanced security for Americans. This bill 
provides a real 8 percent increase.
    The Committee bill for fiscal year 2008 adds funds to 
address known shortfalls and provides enhanced security for 
Americans.
    Border Security.--Two years ago, on a bipartisan basis, the 
Senate began the process of hiring and training a significant 
number of Border Patrol agents and immigration investigators. 
Despite opposition from the administration to the Senate 
amendment, the funds for enhanced border security were enacted 
into law. Since 2004, on a bipartisan basis, Congress increased 
the number of Border Patrol agents by 4,000, the number of 
immigration enforcement personnel by 1,373, and the number of 
detention beds by 9,150.
    The President's budget for fiscal year 2008 includes 
additional resources for improving security at our borders. It 
includes an increase of $569,800,000 to hire 3,000 new Border 
Patrol agents and support staff, $197,348,000 to annualize the 
hiring of prior-year Border Patrol agents, plus over 
$100,000,000 for Border Patrol-related construction. The budget 
request also includes $1,000,000,000 for border fencing, 
infrastructure, and technology. With regard to immigration 
enforcement, the President's budget includes an increase of 
nearly $118,000,000 over the previous fiscal year, for 
enforcement activities such as the Criminal Alien Program, 
Border Enforcement Security Task Forces, gang enforcement, and 
removal management operations. It also includes an increase of 
950 new detention beds. The Committee bill for fiscal year 
2008, fully funds these requests.
    While the President commits significant resources to border 
security, the proposal is neither comprehensive nor 
coordinated. It makes no sense to hire 3,000 additional Border 
Patrol agents without purchasing detention space to hold 
individuals arrested by those agents. The Committee adds 
$146,451,000 for 3,050 additional detention beds. With the 
4,000 new beds, the Committee's bill supports funding a total 
of 31,500 beds in fiscal year 2008. The Committee adds 
$10,500,000 above the President's request to expand the number 
of Criminal Alien Program teams from 22 in the request to 30; 
the number of Fugitive Operations Teams from 75 in the request 
to 81; and increases the number of worksite enforcement 
positions from 256 to 419. In total, the Committee adds 
$239,643,000 and more than 700 positions above the request for 
immigration enforcement and detention and removals.
    Aviation Security.--In August 2006, after the arrests in 
Britain of potential terrorists who plotted to blow up 
commercial airliners over the Atlantic Ocean, the Department 
elevated the threat risk level in the aviation sector to 
orange, or high. It remains there today. Yet, the President's 
budget for aviation security fails to address known 
vulnerabilities and shortfalls. In fact, the President's budget 
proposed to cut funding for purchasing and installing 
explosives detection equipment at airports by 17 percent, 
despite a $3,690,000,000 need.
    The 9/11 Commission Chairman concluded that explosives 
detections systems in-line installation, ``will promote greater 
security because: screening machines will not be exposed to the 
public; screeners will be able to focus on screening bags 
rather than moving them; and fewer people will be congregating 
around machines in the public area. The Committee provides 
$89,400,000 above the request and a total of $529,400,000 to 
purchase and install explosives detection equipment at 
airports. This amount builds on the $285,000,000 included in 
the U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and 
Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-
28) for this purpose.
    Five years since 9/11, the majority of cargo loaded onto 
passenger aircraft is not inspected. The Department relies on a 
paper process for determining the threat potential of 12,800 
facilities where air cargo is consolidated or stored before 
being placed onboard aircraft for transport. The U.S. air cargo 
supply chain handles more than 50,000 tons of cargo each day, 
of which 7,500 tons is carried on domestic passenger aircraft. 
The majority of that cargo is not inspected and virtually none 
is screened for radiation. To address this vulnerability gap, 
the Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 above the 
request to deploy 70 additional canine teams and screening 
technology at airports nationwide. When combined with the 
$80,000,000 included in Public Law 110-28, these funds will put 
DHS on a path to screen all cargo placed on passenger aircraft. 
In addition, $20,000,000 above the request is provided to 
establish and maintain 20 radiation screening teams at key U.S. 
international airports to screen aircraft and cargo.
    The majority of the 800,000 airport employees nationwide 
are not screened before entering secure areas of the airport. 
Recent airport security breaches have highlighted the ongoing 
need for stricter screening standards for airport employees. To 
address this issue, the Committee recommendation includes 
$15,000,000 for TSA to test various screening methods, such as 
physical inspection, behavioral recognition, biometric access 
control, and deployment of additional technology including 
cameras and body imaging.
    Other aviation security initiatives above the President's 
request include an additional: (1) $4,000,000 to pilot test 
improvements in perimeter security at airports; (2) $3,000,000 
to develop portable detection systems to screen general 
aviation aircraft for radiation; and (3) $10,000,000 to install 
radiation portal monitors at five U.S. international airports 
to detect radioactive materials carried by passengers on their 
persons and carry-on baggage--another unguarded path for 
radioactive material to enter our Nation.
    Preparing for and Responding to Emergencies and 
Disasters.--According to the Department's Nationwide Plan 
Review, 61 percent of States and 69 percent of urban areas do 
not have adequate plans to respond to a catastrophic event as 
the Nation saw in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Yet, the 
President's budget proposes to cut homeland security grants by 
$1,190,000,000, including a freeze in funding for Emergency 
Management Performance Grants [EMPG]. To provide enhanced 
security for Americans, the Committee provides an increase of 
$644,000,000 above fiscal year 2007 and $1,834,500,000 above 
the President's request for State and local programs. The 
Committee approves an increase of $100,000,000 for EMPG and 
$50,000,000 for Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grants to 
promote coordinated catastrophic event and mass evacuation 
planning.
    The President proposes a 45 percent reduction in grants to 
fire departments. The President also proposes to eliminate the 
program for increasing the number of firefighting personnel. 
The Department's own 2006 fire service needs assessment shows 
that: 28 percent of firefighters per shift are not equipped 
with a self-contained breathing apparatus; fire departments do 
not have enough portable radios to equip an estimated 36 
percent of emergency responders on a shift; and only 12 percent 
of fire departments can handle even a small hazmat/EMS incident 
involving chemical or biological agents. The Committee provides 
$400,000,000 above the President's request for a total of 
$700,000,000 in grants to firefighters.
    In recent years, there have been deadly attacks on trains 
in London, Madrid, Moscow, Tokyo, and Mumbai, India. Hundreds 
of innocent people have lost their lives. The Department has 
responded with unenforced paper security policy directives, 
small pilot projects, the results of which have not been 
applied nationally, and a budget that proposes to fund the mass 
transit and rail security program at the original, inadequate 
2007 level of $175,000,000. The Committee provides $400,000,000 
for mass transit and rail security, more than double the 
President's request.
    Port Security Enhancements.--With great fanfare, the 
President signed the SAFE Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-
347). Yet, four months later, the budget request for fiscal 
year 2008 included no additional funding to implement its new 
requirements. The Committee includes additional funds to 
implement SAFE Port Act requirements. For instance, port 
security grants are fully funded at $400,000,000, as 
authorized. This is an increase of $190,000,000 over the 
President's request. Grants will protect citizens and commerce 
by funding improvements such as perimeter fencing, underwater 
detection capability, and enhanced video surveillance systems 
needed to make ports more secure.
    To provide enhanced security for Americans, the Committee 
provides $6,750,000 above the request to hire an additional 50 
supply chain security specialists, as authorized in the SAFE 
Port Act. We cannot inspect, on an aggressive and regular 
basis, more than 6,100 trading partners in nearly 60 countries 
who ship cargo into this country with only 157 supply chain 
security specialists. The President did not seek additional 
security specialists for fiscal year 2008.
    Further enhancing port security, the bill provides 
$15,000,000 for the Coast Guard to: (1) double the frequency of 
spot checks at 3,200 regulated port facilities nationwide; (2) 
conduct vulnerability assessments and studies at high risk 
ports; and (3) develop a long-range vessel tracking system.
    An additional $15,000,000 above the request is included to 
address a shortage of Coast Guard boats and qualified personnel 
to secure vessels and waterside facilities that contain 
hazardous substances. This funding will allow the Coast Guard 
to enforce security zones, protect critical infrastructure, and 
provide high interest vessel escorts and boardings. These funds 
will help secure vessels carrying dangerous cargo, such as 
those carrying liquefied natural gas.
    An additional $60,000,000 is provided to fund the 
establishment of Coast Guard interagency maritime operational 
centers. These centers, authorized by the SAFE Port Act, and 
endorsed by the Coast Guard, will improve collection and 
coordination of intelligence, increase information sharing, and 
unify efforts among participating Federal, State, and local 
agencies.
    The Transportation Security Administration [TSA] and the 
United States Coast Guard are the lead agencies in charge of 
issuing transportation worker identification credentials, known 
as ``TWIC'' cards, to approximately 750,000 port workers. The 
SAFE Port Act required TSA to begin pilot testing card reader 
technology at five ports by April 2007, to assess the business 
process, technology, and operational impacts required to deploy 
transportation security card readers nationwide. No funding was 
included in the budget request to implement the pilot program. 
An increase of $15,000,000 is provided for ports to begin 
deploying TWIC card readers as authorized.
    Weapons of Mass Destruction.--The administration and 
Congress alike have focused on making sure shipping containers 
entering the country are scanned for radiation. DHS estimates 
by the end of 2008, 98 percent of containerized cargo will be 
scanned. Public Law 110-28 provides an additional $100,000,000 
for further deployment of radiation detectors. Unfortunately, 
container traffic makes up only 25 percent of overall cargo 
entering the country. The remaining 75 percent, which is 
comprised of commercial or general aviation, railroad or other 
modes of transportation, is largely ignored.
    The Department must be proactive in addressing the evolving 
threat. At Congress' initiative, Public Law 110-28 contained 
$35,000,000 to begin development and deployment of deterrents 
to these other pathways. This bill provides an additional 
$6,000,000 above the request to fund detector development for 
containers that are loaded directly onto trains from ships and 
provides guidance to the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office to 
press forward efforts to guard the highest risk pathways into 
the country. An additional $6,500,000 is provided for 
deployment of portable radiation detection devices. In 
combination with amounts mentioned above under aviation 
security, a total of $45,500,000 is provided for this radiation 
detection initiative.
    Public Law 110-28 also contained $8,000,000 for the Office 
of Health Affairs [OHA] to begin planning efforts for better 
nuclear preparedness--an area that has been largely ignored. 
This bill contains sufficient funds for OHA to continue its 
efforts to determine the state of planning activities to 
prepare the Nation for potential weapons of mass destruction 
attacks.
    Last year, this Committee included a provision directing 
the Department to quickly develop and release regulations to 
guard this country's chemical sites from potential terrorists 
bent on turning chemical plants into weapons of mass 
destruction. To its credit, the Department has issued those 
regulations, but the requested $25,000,000 for implementation 
of the rule is not sufficient to initiate a robust program. An 
additional $15,000,000 has been included in this bill for 
chemical site security implementation.
    Finally, many experts believe it is only a matter of time 
before the techniques of the terrorist trade practiced in the 
Middle East are exported by extremists to America. An 
additional $20,000,000 has been included to aid the development 
of standoff detection and other technologies to combat 
improvised explosive devices. The time to develop the ability 
to find bombs and disarm them from afar is now.
    Conclusion.--The mission of the Department of Homeland 
Security is critical to the security of our Nation. The 
potential threats are endless. Yet, the Committee must address 
these threats with limited resources and in recognition of the 
limits of technology. In making careful decisions, the 
Committee strives to strike a balance that protects our 
cherished freedoms and our need for enhanced security.

                Transparency in Congressional Directives

    On January 18, 2007, the Senate passed S. 1, The 
Legislative Transparency and Accountability Act of 2007, by a 
vote of 96-2. While the Committee awaits final action on this 
legislation, the chairman and ranking member of the Committee 
issued interim requirements to ensure that the goals of S. 1 
are in place for the appropriations bills for fiscal year 2008.
    The Constitution vests in the Congress the power of the 
purse. The Committee believes strongly that Congress should 
make the decisions on how to allocate the people's money. In 
order to improve transparency and accountability in the process 
of approving earmarks (as defined in S. 1) in appropriations 
measures, each Committee report includes, for each earmark:
  --(1) the name of the Member(s) making the request, and where 
        appropriate, the President;
  --(2) the name and location of the intended recipient or, if 
        there is no specifically intended recipient, the 
        intended location of the activity; and
  --(3) the purpose of such earmark.
    The term ``congressional earmark'' means a provision or 
report language included primarily at the request of a Senator, 
providing, authorizing, or recommending a specific amount of 
discretionary budget authority, credit authority, or other 
spending authority for a contract, loan, loan guarantee, grant, 
loan authority, or other expenditure with or to an entity, or 
targeted to a specific state, locality or congressional 
district, other than through a statutory or administrative, 
formula-driven, or competitive award process.
    For each earmark, a Member is required to provide a 
certification that neither the Member (nor his or her spouse) 
has a pecuniary interest in such earmark, consistent with 
Senate Rule XXXVII(4). Such certifications are available to the 
public at http://appropriations.senate.gov/senators.cfm or go 
to appropriations.senate.gov and click on ``Members''.

                    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

                                TITLE I

                 DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS

            Office of the Secretary and Executive Management

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\............................     $94,170,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     107,939,000
Committee recommendation................................     100,000,000

\1\ Includes a transfer of $300,000 to the Transportation Security 
Administration pursuant to Public Law 110-5.
\2\ Excludes a rescission of $1,200,962 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Office of the Secretary and Executive Management 
supports the Department by providing direction, management, and 
policy guidance to operating components within the 
organization. The specific activities funded by this account 
include: the Immediate Office of the Secretary; the Immediate 
Office of the Deputy Secretary; the Chief of Staff; the Office 
of Counternarcotics Enforcement; the Executive Secretary; the 
Office of Policy; the Secure Border Coordination Office; the 
Office of Public Affairs; the Office of Legislative and 
Intergovernmental Affairs; the Office of General Counsel; the 
Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties; the Citizenship and 
Immigration Services Ombudsman; and the Privacy Officer.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $100,000,000 for the Office of the 
Secretary and Executive Management [OSEM]. The fiscal year 2008 
request includes a 15 percent increase for the OSEM, compared 
to a 1.7 percent increase requested for the entire Department. 
As of March 31, 2007, nearly $58,000,000 remained in 
unobligated balances. The Department is also 14 percent below 
authorized staffing levels for fiscal year 2007. Given the high 
unobligated balances, the Department's inability to meet 
authorized staffing levels, and the need to provide front line 
components with resources to address known gaps in homeland 
security, the Committee provides an increase of $5,830,000 
instead of $13,769,000, as requested.
    The specific levels recommended by the Committee as 
compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget request levels are 
as follows:

                                OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY AND EXECUTIVE MANAGEMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year      Fiscal year
                                                                 2007 enacted     2008 budget       Committee
                                                                     \1\            request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Immediate Office of the Secretary............................            2,540            2,650            2,650
Immediate Office of the Deputy Secretary.............            1,185            1,222            1,122
Chief of Staff...............................................            2,560            2,639            2,639
Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement.......................            2,360            3,155            2,360
Executive Secretary..........................................            4,450            5,127            4,855
Office of Policy.............................................           29,305           35,300           31,310
Secure Border Coordination Office............................            4,500            4,500            4,500
Office of Public Affairs.....................................            6,000            7,686            7,400
Office of Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs..........            5,449            5,618            5,518
Office of General Counsel....................................           12,759           15,155           12,759
Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties...................           13,000           13,722           13,722
Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman...............            5,927            6,054            6,054
Privacy Officer..............................................            4,435            5,111            5,111
Transfer to the Transportation Security Administration                    -300  ...............  ...............
 (Public Law 110-5)..........................................
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the Secretary and Executive Management           94,170          107,939          100,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes a rescission of $1,200,962 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                   IMMEDIATE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

    The Committee provides $2,650,000 for the Immediate Office 
of the Secretary, an increase of $110,000 above the fiscal year 
2007 level and the same level proposed in the budget.

                IMMEDIATE OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY SECRETARY

    The Committee provides $1,122,000 for the Immediate Office 
of the Deputy Secretary, a decrease of $63,000 from the fiscal 
year 2007 level and a decrease of $100,000 from the level 
proposed in the budget.
    The Committee continues to be concerned that the Department 
of Homeland Security is neither nimble nor coordinated. It is 
essential that such qualities emanate from the leadership of 
the Department. Examples of core departmental initiatives that 
are essential to mission achievement that are languishing, 
include: (1) the National Preparedness Goal; (2) the National 
Response Plan; (3) a US VISIT exit strategy; (4) a 
transportation worker identification deployment plan; (5) a 
strategic plan for deploying checkpoint technology at airports; 
and (6) a commitment to expedite the award of first responder 
awards to State and local governments.

                             CHIEF OF STAFF

    The Committee provides $2,639,000 for the Office of the 
Chief of Staff, an increase of $79,000 from the fiscal year 
2007 level and the same level proposed in the budget.

                 OFFICE OF COUNTERNARCOTICS ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee provides funding at the fiscal year 2007 
level for the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement. The 
Committee notes that this Office has provided no information, 
as directed in the fiscal year 2007 statement of managers, on 
its annual productivity and performance. The Committee is also 
concerned with the proposed programmatic expansion of this 
Office, as its core purpose is executed by component agencies 
through long-standing relationships with the Office of National 
Drug Control Policy. The Committee directs the Secretary to 
submit a report to the Committee no later than 45 days after 
the date of enactment of this act, containing: (1) fiscal year 
2007 achievements including tracking and severing connections 
between illegal drug trafficking and terrorism; (2) 
counternarcotics strategy for the Southwest, Northern, and 
maritime borders, to include objectives, coordination, 
outreach, and intended resources devoted to stem the flow of 
illegal drugs; and (3) Office performance goals for fiscal year 
2008.

                          EXECUTIVE SECRETARY

    The Committee provides $4,855,000 for the Office of the 
Executive Secretary, an increase of $405,000 from the fiscal 
year 2007 level and $272,000 below the level proposed in the 
budget. The Committee does not continue the requirement 
contained in the joint explanatory statement of managers 
accompanying the fiscal year 2007 conference report (Report 
109-699) to report quarterly on the Executive Secretary's 
responsiveness. Although the report is no longer required, the 
Committee expects to see continued improvement in 
responsiveness to the Congress.

                            OFFICE OF POLICY

    The Committee provides $31,310,000 for the Office of 
Policy, an increase of $2,005,000 from the fiscal year 2007 
level and $3,990,000 below the level proposed in the budget. 
The request included a 20 percent increase in funding for 
fiscal year 2008, mostly for additional staffing. The Committee 
notes that the Office of Policy is 17 percent below authorized 
staffing levels for fiscal year 2007. Therefore, the full 
request is not provided. The Committee is also concerned with 
the Office of Policy's inability to provide base budget 
information for its sub-offices. Within 45 days of the date of 
enactment of this act, the Office of Policy shall submit an 
expenditure plan for the activities funded under this heading, 
including funding levels for each sub-office compared to fiscal 
years 2006 and 2007.

                        OFFICE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS

    The Committee provides $7,400,000 for the Office of Public 
Affairs, an increase of $1,400,000 from the fiscal year 2007 
level and $286,000 below the level proposed in the budget, due 
to a number of vacancies within this office. Pursuant to the 
reorganization notification of January 18, 2007, funding is 
included to retain the ``Ready.gov'' program within the Office 
of Public Affairs. The Committee challenges the office to 
implement a robust campaign to ensure readiness and national 
preparedness information are disseminated to the American 
public.

          OFFICE OF LEGISLATIVE AND INTERGOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS

    The Committee provides $5,518,000 for the Office of 
Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs, an increase of 
$69,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level and a decrease of 
$100,000 from the level proposed in the budget.

                       OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL

    The Committee provides funding at the fiscal year 2007 
level. The Committee is dismayed with the Office of General 
Counsel's [OGC] decisions and opinions relating to legal 
constraints and flexibilities attendant to Federal 
appropriations. Time and time again, the Department has 
violated the spirit, if not the letter, of the laws which 
provide funds for the Department. The Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] is currently reviewing apparent violations of 
section 503 of Public Laws 109-90 and 109-295. Earlier this 
year, the Committee learned though a press release that the 
Secret Service acquired a new facility for which funds were not 
appropriated. To date, the OGC has not responded to requests 
for a legal opinion providing the legal basis for this 
decision. The OGC's responsibilities to ensure that 
departmental activities fully comply with appropriations law 
are not being met. The Committee is also frustrated with the 
OGC's unwillingness to provide GAO with information necessary 
to complete mandated assessments of departmental programs and 
decisions. Therefore, the Committee denies additional funding 
requested for this Office and strongly encourages the Office to 
take actions necessary to ameliorate these concerns.

               OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES

    The Committee provides $13,722,000 for the Office of Civil 
Rights and Civil Liberties, an increase of $722,000 above the 
fiscal year 2007 level and the same as the level proposed in 
the budget.

             CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES OMBUDSMAN

    The Committee provides $6,054,000 for the Citizenship and 
Immigration Services Ombudsman, an increase of $127,000 from 
the fiscal year 2007 level and the same level proposed in the 
budget.

                            PRIVACY OFFICER

    The Committee provides $5,111,000 for the Privacy Officer, 
an increase of $676,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level as 
proposed in the budget. The Committee supports the Privacy 
Officer's request for additional staffing to support Freedom of 
Information Act [FOIA] compliance. The 2006 DHS Annual FOIA 
Report to the Attorney General of the United States documented 
staffing shortages and several other inhibitors to success. The 
Committee directs the Office of the Inspector General to 
evaluate the Department's FOIA program, staffing levels, and 
the adequacy of resources to determine if the program can be 
operated in a more efficient and cost-effective manner at the 
department and component level.

    RESPONSIVENESS TO GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REQUESTS FOR 
                              INFORMATION

    The Committee notes with concern the testimony earlier this 
year by the Comptroller General about delays in obtaining 
needed information from the Department. The Committee is also 
concerned that the Department has not been responsive to 
requests by the Committee for specific information and reports 
from the Department. Although the Committee is encouraged by 
recent testimony from the Department on its intention to 
improve the speed with which information and documents are 
produced, concrete results must be demonstrated over an 
extended period of time. The Committee notes that GAO has a 
broad statutory right of access to agency records in order to 
facilitate informed decisions by Congress. Therefore, the 
Committee withholds $15,000,000 from the Office of the 
Secretary and Executive Management until the Secretary 
certifies and reports to the Committees on Appropriations that 
the Department has revised its guidance with respect to 
responding to GAO requests for records and interviews. The 
Committee directs the Secretary to: (1) provide an expedited 
time frame to respond to GAO requests for access to records and 
in no instance shall the Department's response to such requests 
exceed 20 days from the date of request; (2) establish an 
expedited time frame to arrange GAO interviews of program 
officials after reasonable notice has been furnished to the 
Department; and (3) streamline the extensive review of document 
and interview requests that the Department conducts in what are 
largely routine requests for information by GAO. Although the 
Committee acknowledges that the Department is entitled to 
review requests for records before they are released, delays 
caused by multiple levels of review are unnecessary for routine 
requests for information.

                        REORGANIZATION AUTHORITY

    The Committee includes a general provision that precludes 
the Department from using funds in this act to carry out 
section 872 of Public Law 107-296 during fiscal year 2008. 
Section 872 provides the Secretary of Homeland Security with 
extraordinary authority to reorganize functions and 
organizational units of the Department without congressional 
approval. Since the creation of the Department in March 2003, 
the Secretary has exercised section 872 nine times. The 
Committee believes continuous reorganizations impede the 
ability of the Department to operate effectively and 
contributes to low morale. A recent Office of Personnel 
Management survey of Federal employees ranked the Department 
last in job satisfaction, last on results-oriented performance, 
and next to last on leadership and knowledge management.

                 CONTRACTORS FILLING FEDERAL POSITIONS

    The Committee remains concerned about the Department's 
reliance on contractors to perform inherently governmental 
work. For instance, 60 percent of the Department's intelligence 
office is staffed by contractors. In most cases, contractor 
rates far exceed the cost of Federal full-time equivalent [FTE] 
employees. The joint explanatory statement of managers 
accompanying fiscal year 2007 conference report (Report 109-
699) included a requirement for the Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] to review DHS compliance during fiscal years 2005-
2006 with section 503(a)(5) of Public Law 108-334 and Public 
Law 109-90, which prohibits DHS from using funds appropriated 
for Federal FTEs to hire contractors unless the Committee is 
notified. Unfortunately, the Department chose to stonewall GAO 
on this issue by refusing to provide the necessary information 
to adequately assess compliance with the law. The Committee 
expects all information requested by GAO to be provided 
expeditiously.

                       QUARTERLY DETAILEE REPORT

    The Committee continues and expands reporting requirements 
set forth in the joint explanatory statement of managers 
accompanying the fiscal year 2005 conference report (Report 
108-774). The following reporting provisions are added: (1) a 
summary table which annotates, by component agency and office, 
the number of employees detailed ``in'' and ``out''; (2) an 
explanation for detailee ``indefinite'' assignments; and (3) an 
explanation for detailee positions that are deemed to be 
``reimbursable''.

                       SLOW PACE FOR GRANT AWARDS

    The Committee remains discouraged with the Department's 
lethargic pace for awarding homeland security grants. Pursuant 
to a legal requirement, the Homeland Security Grant Program 
[HSGP] grant awards have been awarded in a timely manner. 
Unfortunately, other fiscal year 2006 grants were not managed 
with the same expediency. For example, port security, mass 
transit and rail security, bus security, truck security, and 
buffer zone grants were not awarded until September 29, 2006, 
the last work day of the fiscal year. The Committee is 
frustrated that, absent legislated timeframes, the Department 
will opt to release funds at the last possible moment. The 
Committee notes that Americans are not made safer by having 
homeland security funds sitting in the Treasury for 11 months. 
Therefore, in fiscal year 2007, legislated timeframes were 
retained for HSGP and were added for infrastructure protection 
grants.
    The Committee notes that the Staffing for Adequate Fire and 
Emergency Response [SAFER] grant program is another example of 
the slow pace of grant awards. Funds for these programs, which 
were appropriated in October 2005, only began to be awarded in 
September 2006, and are still being awarded 20 months later. 
Therefore, the Committee includes bill language requiring the 
Federal Emergency Management Agency to award all SAFER grants 
no later than the end of the fiscal year for which they are 
appropriated.
    Finally, the Committee is pleased that infrastructure 
grants are due for award in July 2007, 3 months earlier than 
the previous year when the date was left to the discretion of 
the Department. However, what appears on the surface to be an 
improvement is in fact still a delay caused by the Department's 
disregard for statutory requirements. The law required 
Infrastructure Protection Grant guidance to be issued by 
December 18, 2006; that statutory deadline was missed. Further, 
the law provided applicants 45 days to submit applications, yet 
the Department issued grant guidance allowing applicants 56 
days. The Department does not stand above the law. It cannot 
choose which portions of the statute it wishes to adhere to. 
Therefore, bill language is included in title III in this act 
requiring that failure to comply with the timeline for grant 
programs will result in a daily reduction of $1,000 from the 
Immediate Office of the Deputy Secretary until the Department 
issues guidance and awards grants.

                  QUADRENNIAL HOMELAND SECURITY REVIEW

    The Committee fully expects that the September 30, 2008, 
deadline for the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review will be 
met and requires the Office of Policy to brief the Committee no 
later than 45 days after the date of enactment of this act on 
the status of the Review, including collaboration with the 
Chief Intelligence Officer and other Departmental components.

                             CREDENTIALING

    A December 2006 credentialing initiative report conducted 
for DHS identified several core weaknesses in DHS credentialing 
programs, such as: (1) insufficient information and data 
collection; (2) inconsistent vetting processes for like 
programs; (3) multiple credentials issued for the same purpose; 
(4) lack of security in DHS credentials; and (5) reliance on 
visual verification of credentials versus electronic 
verification. No later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this act, the Office of Policy shall brief the Committee on 
progress to implement the recommendations made in the report to 
address these weaknesses, including dates or timeframes for 
achieving key milestones.

              Office of the Under Secretary for Management

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\............................    $148,640,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     278,350,000
Committee recommendation................................     234,883,000

\1\ Includes a transfer of $5,000,000 to the Transportation Security 
Administration pursuant to Public Law 110-5.
\2\ Excludes a rescission of $512,855 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Under Secretary for Management oversees management and 
operations of the Department, including procurement and 
acquisition, human capital, and property management. The 
specific activities funded by this account include the Office 
of the Under Secretary for Management, the Office of Security, 
the Office of the Chief Procurement Officer, the Office of the 
Chief Human Capital Officer, and the Office of the Chief 
Administrative Officer.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $234,883,000 for the Office of the 
Under Secretary for Management.
    The specific levels recommended by the Committee, as 
compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget request levels, are 
as follows:

                                  OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR MANAGEMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  Fiscal year
                                                             Fiscal year 2007     2008 budget       Committee
                                                           enacted \1\      request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Immediate Office of the Under Secretary for Management...              1,870              2,012            2,012
Office of Security.......................................             52,640             53,990           53,990
Office of the Chief Procurement Officer..................             16,895             28,495           28,495
Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer:
    Salaries and Expenses................................              8,811             10,278            8,811
    Human Resources System \2\...........................             25,000             15,000            5,000
Office of the Chief Administrative Officer:
    Salaries and Expenses................................             40,218             42,575           42,575
    Nebraska Avenue Complex Facilities...................              8,206              6,000            6,000
    Consolidated Headquarters Project....................  ...................          120,000           88,000
Transfer to the Transportation Security Administration                -5,000    ...............  ...............
 (Public Law 110-5)......................................
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the Under Secretary for Management            148,640            278,350          234,883
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes a rescission of $512,855 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Formerly ``MAX-HR.''

         IMMEDIATE OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR MANAGEMENT

    The Committee provides $2,012,000 for the Immediate Office 
of the Under Secretary, $142,000 above the fiscal year 2007 
level and the same level proposed in the budget.

                           OFFICE OF SECURITY

    The Committee provides $53,990,000 for the Office of 
Security, an increase of $1,350,000 from the fiscal year 2007 
level and the same level proposed in the budget.

                OFFICE OF THE CHIEF PROCUREMENT OFFICER

    The Committee fully funds the budget request of $28,495,000 
for the Office of the Chief Procurement Officer. The Committee 
directs the Chief Procurement Officer to use the increase of 
$11,600,000 above the fiscal year 2007 level for hiring and 
training of qualified procurement officers and for the 
development of an acquisition workforce program for contract 
specialists. The Committee is very concerned that, despite 
providing a significant increase for this Office for fiscal 
year 2007, current onboard staffing is 18 percent below funded 
levels.
    The Committee notes the Department remains nearly 50 
percent below its desired number of contract specialists. The 
DHS procurement budget is currently the third largest of all 
Federal departments. The Government Accountability Office [GAO] 
has concluded that DHS agencies have experienced ongoing cost, 
schedule, and performance problems with major acquisitions, 
such as the Coast Guard's Integrated Deepwater Systems Program. 
Without adequate staffing and rigorous oversight--waste, fraud, 
and abuse of taxpayer dollars will continue. The Committee 
includes funding to annualize acquisition positions funded in 
fiscal year 2007 and create an acquisition workforce intern 
program. The Committee is fully aware the current job market 
demand for acquisition staff outweighs the supply of 
contracting professionals and is supportive of efforts to 
establish a core procurement workforce by attracting younger 
employees interested in a Federal procurement career. However, 
to fully address this staffing shortage, the Committee 
encourages the Department to use hiring authority provided in 
the General Services Administration Modernization Act (Public 
Law 109-313), which allows agencies to hire retired Federal 
employees with significant Federal acquisition experience. The 
Committee directs the Under Secretary for Management to report 
to the Committee no later than October 1, 2007, on the use of 
this authority, the pool of eligible employees and their likely 
interest, appropriate incentives, and how retired annuitants 
will help each component meet its desired number of acquisition 
personnel.
    The Committee also directs the Secretary to follow up on 
GAO's recent review of the Department's procurement oversight 
plan. GAO concluded that the Department's procurement oversight 
plan ``generally incorporates basic principles of an effective 
and accountable acquisition function.'' However, GAO found many 
shortcomings in the Chief Procurement Officer's [CPO] ability 
to implement the plan, such as inadequate procurement oversight 
staffing and insufficient authority delegated to the CPO to 
enforce the plan. In line with the recommendations in GAO 
report (GAO-07-900), the Committee directs the Secretary to 
review departmental policies regarding the authority of the CPO 
and the adequacy of staffing to carry out the plan. The 
Secretary shall report no later than February 5, 2008, on the 
results of this review. A copy of this report shall also be 
provided to GAO for review. GAO shall brief the Committee 
within 90 days of receipt of the report from the Secretary on 
its assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the report.

               OFFICE OF THE CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL OFFICER

    The Committee provides $8,811,000 for salaries and 
expenses, the same as fiscal year 2007 level. The Committee 
denies funding for Federal law enforcement training 
accreditation within the Office of the Chief Human Capital 
Officer. Funding to support the accreditation process remains 
within the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center 
appropriation. The Committee recommends $5,000,000 for human 
capital operational initiatives, formally known as ``MAX-HR'', 
instead of $15,000,000 as requested. The Committee notes that 
the Department's efforts to institute regulations governing 
employee appeals rights and labor relations were struck down in 
Federal court last year. In light of that decision and delays 
in other elements of proposed personnel system changes, it is 
unclear why such a large investment is requested for fiscal 
year 2008. Therefore, the Committee reduces the amount 
requested by $10,000,000.
    The Secretary of Homeland Security is directed to submit an 
updated Human Capital Operational expenditure plan to the 
Committee within 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
act. The plan shall define all activities, milestones, and 
yearly costs for all initiatives and list all contract 
obligations, by contractor and year, along with the purpose of 
the contract. The plan shall also include: (1) efforts to 
improve the Department's dismal results in the 2006 Federal 
Human Capital Survey; (2) performance metrics used to measure 
attainment of human capital strategic goals; and (3) funds 
spent by the Department to support employee recruitment, 
retention, and training.
    The plan shall also include an analysis of all Department 
internship programs designed to recruit young professionals. 
These internships appear to be good ideas; however, the 
programs need coordination within the Department. The Office of 
the Chief Human Capital Officer should review goals for the 
programs, milestones, needs of the components, and the capacity 
to accept these employees.

               OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER

    The Committee provides $136,575,000, an increase of 
$88,151,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level and $32,000,000 
below the budget request. Funding above the fiscal year 2007 
level is provided to: (1) meet administrative needs at DHS 
headquarters and non-legacy components; (2) to continue to 
consolidate and integrate its headquarters operations and 
specific program components at the Nebraska Avenue Complex in 
Washington, DC; and (3) begin consolidating DHS components at 
the St. Elizabeths west campus. The Committee recommends 
$88,000,000 for the DHS consolidated Headquarters Project. 
Quarterly briefings shall be provided to the Committee on this 
initiative, including any changes to the Department of Homeland 
Security National Capital Region Housing Master Plan for the 
fiscal year, as well as the schedule and cost for all 
consolidation phases.

                MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE CHALLENGES

    The Committee reiterates its concern that the management 
and administrative challenges facing the Department will 
increase unless it is staffed with qualified, professional 
personnel with expertise in their field. The Committee is 
concerned that, regardless of the outcome of the 2008 
Presidential election, there will be a vacuum at the top of the 
Department in January 2009. It is critical that the Department 
prepare now for that transition to ensure that such a vacuum 
does not take place. The Department shall provide, by July 20, 
2007, a report on senior staffing, as detailed in Senate Report 
110-37. Further, the Government Accountability Office shall 
report on the strengths and weaknesses of this report within 90 
days after its submission.

               SEMI-ANNUAL NEBRASKA AVENUE COMPLEX REPORT

    The Committee continues the requirement contained in the 
joint explanatory statement of managers accompanying the fiscal 
year 2006 conference report (Report 109-241) regarding updates 
on the physical consolidation and planned expenditures for the 
Nebraska Avenue Complex. As DHS continues to occupy this 
location, the need for the report remains valid but requires 
adjustment. The report is to be submitted semi-annually, rather 
than quarterly, and should include the following: (1) the 
introductory narrative should indicate what office is 
represented in each building and include the amount of unused 
office space due to ongoing or future renovations; (2) the 
enclosure should breakdown not only allocated funding by fiscal 
year but also expenditures modeled after the Department-wide 
Monthly Budget Execution Reports; and (3) the enclosure should 
identify, by building, the amount of money spent on campus-wide 
physical security upgrades, building security access control, 
the campus-wide signage project, the IT Protected Distribution 
System, and the campus-wide power project.

                 Office of the Chief Financial Officer

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................     $26,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      32,800,000
Committee recommendation................................      30,076,000

\1\ Excludes a rescission of $45,080 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Office of the Chief Financial Officer is responsible 
for the fiscal management and financial accountability of the 
Department of Homeland Security. The Office of the Chief 
Financial Officer provides guidance and oversight of the 
Department's budget execution while ensuring that funds are 
allocated and expended in accordance with relevant laws and 
policies. The specific activities funded by this account 
include the Budget Division, Office of Performance Analysis and 
Evaluation, Office of Financial Management, Resource Management 
Transition Office, and the Office of the Government 
Accountability Office/Office of Inspector General Liaison.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $30,076,000 for the Office of the 
Chief Financial Officer [OCFO]. This includes an increase of 
$4,076,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level, $2,724,000 below 
the request. The Committee denies a funding increase for the 
Resource Management Transformation Office and directs the OCFO 
to continue using unobligated eMerge2 balances available to the 
Chief Information Officer to meet fiscal year 2008 
requirements. According to the OCFO budget justification, these 
resources will not be exhausted until the end of fiscal year 
2008.

                  ANNUAL APPROPRIATIONS JUSTIFICATIONS

    The Committee directs the OCFO to ensure annual 
appropriations justifications are prepared for each component 
within the Department in support of the President's budget, as 
submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
Code. The OCFO is directed to include detailed information by 
appropriations account, program, project, and activity, on all 
reimbursable agreements and significant uses of the Economy Act 
for each fiscal year. Additionally, the OCFO shall ensure that 
the congressional justifications for the Department 
accompanying the President's fiscal year 2009 budget request 
includes a status report of overdue Committee reports, plans, 
and other directives. One standard format needs to be adopted 
by all offices and agencies and inserted in the justification 
reflecting overdue congressional directives from fiscal year 
2006 through 2008.

                  BUDGET EXECUTION AND STAFFING REPORT

    The Committee includes bill language requiring the 
Department to continue submitting to the House and Senate 
Committees on Appropriations a monthly budget execution report 
showing the status of obligations and costs for all components 
of the Department and on-board staffing levels. The report 
should include the total obligational authority appropriated 
(new budget authority plus unobligated carryover), 
undistributed obligational authority, amount allotted, current 
year obligations, unobligated authority (the difference between 
total obligational authority and current year obligations), 
beginning unexpended obligations, year-to-date costs, and 
ending unexpended obligations. To better understand the 
universe of contractors working at the Department, a new 
requirement is added directing the Department to include the 
number of contract employees. This budget execution information 
is to be provided at the level of detail shown in the tables 
displayed at the end of this report for each departmental 
component and the Working Capital Fund. This report shall be 
submitted no later than 45 days after the close of each month.

                Office of the Chief Information Officer

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $349,013,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     261,100,000
Committee recommendation................................     321,100,000

\1\ Excludes a rescission of $461,874 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Office of the Chief Information Officer is responsible 
for the development and acquisition of information technology 
equipment, software, and services.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $321,100,000, of which $82,400,000 
is for salaries and expenses, and $238,700,000 is to be 
available until expended for Department-wide technology 
investments overseen by the Office of the Chief Information 
Officer [CIO].

                                     OFFICE OF THE CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                               enacted \1\     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salaries and expenses.....................................            79,521            82,400            82,400
Information technology services...........................            61,013            56,200            56,200
Security activities.......................................            89,387            89,400           149,400
Wireless Program..........................................        \2\ 86,438  ................  ................
Homeland secure data network..............................            32,654            33,100            33,100
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the Chief Information Officer \1\..           349,013           261,100           321,100
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes a rescission of $461,874 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Includes $18,700,000 transferred to the National Protection and Programs Directorate pursuant to the
  reorganization of January 18, 2007.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$82,400,000, the same as the budget request, to support the 
ongoing maintenance and operations of infrastructure 
capabilities to ensure continuous communication and continuity 
of operations.

                        ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE

    The Committee understands the Department's Enterprise 
Architecture, though markedly improved from prior years, still 
lacks reforms recommended by the Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] 3 years ago. An Enterprise Architecture [EA] that 
remains incomplete and inconsistent will aid the Department 
little as it tries to guide and constrain information 
technology investments that promote interoperability, reduce 
duplication, and enhance performance. It is incumbent on the 
Department's CIO to show leadership in this area by dedicating 
a level of resources to the EA that will provide actual 
improvements to the product and process. The Committee directs 
the CIO to report to the Committee within 90 days after the 
date of enactment of this act on the steps taken within the 
CIO's office and across the Department on improvements being 
put in place to address GAO recommended reforms.

            FEDERAL INFORMATION SECURITY AND MANAGEMENT ACT

    The Committee is concerned the House Oversight and 
Government Reform Committee has given the Department a ``D'' 
for computer security, up from an ``F'' for the prior 3 years, 
for compliance with the Federal Information Security Management 
Act [FISMA]. The historical results of the Federal Computer 
Security Report Card reflect minimal progress made during the 
Department's existence; hardly befitting an agency that is 
supposed to defend the homeland against cyber-threats and makes 
extensive use of classified and law enforcement sensitive 
information. The Department needs to quickly define and 
implement measures to address internal and external 
vulnerabilities. The Committee directs the Department to report 
on the specific status of the Department as a whole and each 
component individually with their compliance with FISMA, by 
February 5, 2008, resource requirements needed to achieve full 
compliance, and any further steps necessary to protect the 
information it manages.

                    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$56,200,000, as proposed in the budget.

                          SECURITY ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $149,400,000 for Security 
Activities, an increase of $60,000,000 from the budget request. 
The Security Activities include Federal terrorist watch list 
integration, information security activities, and data center 
development.

    NATIONAL CENTER FOR CRITICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING AND STORAGE

    The Committee recommends $97,300,000 within security 
activities for the National Center for Critical Information 
Processing and Storage [NCCIPS] data center in Mississippi, an 
increase of $60,000,000 from the budget request level, to be 
used only to acquire services from NCCIPS to expedite the 
transition of multiple Department of Homeland Security [DHS] 
data centers to NCCIPS and to continue the construction of data 
center space at the primary data center for DHS. DHS is 
encouraged to work with other Federal entities to leverage the 
resulting infrastructure from this and previous years funds to 
maximize the utilization of this investment (Requested by: 
Cochran).
    The CIO is directed to submit to the Committee no later 
than 30 days after the date of enactment of this act a report 
on the full costs to transition data center operations to the 
Department of Homeland Security's primary data center. This 
report is to include, by departmental component: (1) a schedule 
for data transition; (2) costs for each fiscal year required to 
complete the transition; (3) identification of items associated 
with the transition required to be procured and related 
procurement schedule; and (4) identification of any transition 
costs provided in fiscal year 2007 or in fiscal year 2008. A 
report on the same elements for the secondary data center shall 
be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations no later than 
30 days after a final selection has been made.
    Consistent with section 888 of Public Law 107-296, the 
Committee instructs the Department to implement the 
consolidation plan in a manner that shall not result in a 
reduction to the Coast Guard's Operations Systems Center 
mission or its government-employed or contract staff levels. A 
general provision is included for this purpose.

                      HOMELAND SECURE DATA NETWORK

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$33,100,000, as requested in the budget, for the Homeland 
Secure Data Network.

                        Analysis and Operations

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $299,663,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     314,681,000
Committee recommendation................................     306,000,000

\1\ Excludes $8,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.

    The account supports activities to improve the analysis and 
sharing of threat information, including activities of the 
Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of 
Operations Coordination.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $306,000,000 for Analysis and 
Operations. The details of these recommendations are included 
in a classified annex accompanying this report.

                       NATIONAL OPERATIONS CENTER

    The Committee understands the Department plans to relocate 
the National Operations Center [NOC], currently located at the 
Department's headquarters at the Nebraska Avenue Complex, to 
the Transportation Security Operations Center [TSOC] facility 
in Herndon, Virginia. Minimal information has been submitted to 
the Committee to justify the move. The Department has future 
plans to co-locate the NOC with other DHS operations centers at 
the St. Elizabeths west campus. It is unclear what benefits an 
interim, short-term relocation to the TSOC will provide. 
Therefore, prior to implementing this interim move, the 
Committee directs the Office of Operations Coordination to 
provide a briefing to the Committee justifying this relocation, 
including: (1) a detailed description of the problem the 
Department is attempting to remedy; (2) all costs associated 
with the move, including associated build-out and operational 
costs at the TSOC, as well as all costs associated with the 
planned move to the St. Elizabeths campus; and (3) how the move 
will enhance the Department's ability to meet mission 
requirements.

                   DHS INTELLIGENCE EXPENDITURE PLAN

    No later than 60 days after the enactment of this act, the 
Secretary shall submit a fiscal year 2008 expenditure plan for 
the Office of Intelligence and Analysis [I&A;], including 
balances carried forward from prior years, that includes the 
following: (1) fiscal year 2008 expenditures and staffing 
allotted for each program, as identified in the February 2007 
expenditure plan submitted to the Committee, as compared to 
each of years 2006 and 2007; (2) all funded versus on-board 
positions, including Federal full-time equivalents [FTEs], 
contractors, and reimbursable and non-reimbursable detailees; 
(3) an explanation for maintaining contract staff in lieu of 
government FTE; (4) a plan, including dates or timeframes for 
achieving key milestones, to reduce the office's reliance on 
contract staff in lieu of Federal FTE; (5) funding, by object 
classification, including a comparison to fiscal years 2006 and 
2007; and (6) the number of I&A; funded employees supporting 
organizations outside I&A; and the Department of Homeland 
Security.

                     STATE AND LOCAL FUSION CENTERS

    The Committee directs the Department's Chief Intelligence 
Officer to continue quarterly updates to the Committees on 
Appropriations, starting on October 1, 2007, that detail 
progress in placing DHS homeland security intelligence 
professionals in State and local fusion centers. These reports 
shall include: the qualification criteria used by DHS to decide 
where and how to place DHS intelligence analysts and related 
technology; total Federal expenditures to support each center 
to date and during the most recent quarter of the current 
fiscal year, in the same categorization as materials submitted 
to the Committees on Appropriations on March 23, 2007; the 
location of each fusion center, including identification of 
those with DHS personnel, both operational and planned; the 
schedule for operational stand-up of planned fusion centers; 
the number of DHS-funded employees located at each fusion 
center, including details on whether the employees are contract 
or government staff; the privacy protection policies of each 
center, including the number of facility personnel trained in 
Federal privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties laws and 
standards; and the number of local law enforcement agents at 
each center approved or pending approval to receive and review 
classified intelligence information.

      Office of the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast Rebuilding

Appropriations, 2007....................................      $3,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................       3,000,000
Committee Recommendation................................       3,000,000

    The Committee provides $3,000,000 for the Office of the 
Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast Rebuilding. Within the 
funding provided $1,000,000 is unavailable for obligation until 
the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives receive an expenditure plan for fiscal year 
2008. Any funding above the amount provided must be 
reprogrammed or transferred in accordance with section 503 of 
this act. The expenditure plan should clearly articulate how 
the Office will proactively help the gulf coast, including 
supporting Federal agency cooperation, and promoting expedited 
housing solutions.

                      Office of Inspector General

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................     $85,185,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      99,111,000
Committee recommendation \2\............................      95,211,000

\1\ Excludes $13,500,000 made available from FEMA Disaster Relief in 
Public Law 109-295.
\2\ Excludes $13,500,000 made available from FEMA Disaster Relief.

    This account finances the Office of Inspecter General's 
activities, including audits, inspections, investigations and 
other reviews of programs and operations of the Department of 
Homeland Security to promote economy, efficiency, and 
effectiveness and to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and 
abuse.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $95,211,000 for the Office of 
Inspector General [OIG] for fiscal year 2008. In addition, the 
Committee includes bill language transferring $13,500,000 
needed by the OIG for audits and investigations related to 
natural disasters from the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF]. The OIG 
is required to notify the Committee no less than 15 days prior 
to all transfers from the DRF.
    In fiscal year 2007, the Committee received a Government 
Accountability Office [GAO] Report (GAO-07-529) which reviewed 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP] revenue oversight. The 
Committee learned CBP needs to improve workforce planning and 
accountability. The Committee includes $1,200,000 for the 
Inspector General to conduct CBP revenue oversight.

                                TITLE II

               SECURITY, ENFORCEMENT, AND INVESTIGATIONS

                   U.S. Customs and Border Protection

                                SUMMARY

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection is responsible for 
enforcing laws regarding admission of foreign-born persons into 
the United States, and ensuring that all goods and persons 
entering and exiting the United States do so legally.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of 
$10,226,402,000, including direct appropriations of 
$8,841,477,000 and estimated fee collections of $1,384,925,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                               U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008       Committee
                                                            enacted \1\     budget request   recommendations \6\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Salaries and expenses \2\..........................         5,562,186         6,579,733           6,601,058
    Automation modernization...........................           451,440           476,609             476,609
    Broder Security Fencing Infrastructure, and                 1,187,565         1,000,000           1,000,000
     Technology [BSFIT] \3\............................
    Air and Marine Interdiction, Operations,                      602,187           477,287             488,947
     Maintenance, and Procurement \4\..................
    Construction \5\...................................           232,978           249,663             274,863
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations............................         8,036,356         8,783,292           8,841,477
                                                        ========================================================
Estimated fee collections:
    Immigration inspection user fees...................           529,300           535,291             535,291
    Immigration enforcement fines......................             1,724             3,440               3,440
    Land border inspection fees........................            28,071            30,121              30,121
    COBRA fees.........................................           387,804           392,180             392,180
    APHIS inspection fees..............................           214,287           299,622             299,622
    Puerto Rico Trust Fund.............................            97,815           117,214             117,214
    Small airport user fee.............................             6,230             7,057               7,057
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Estimated fee collections.................         1,265,231         1,384,925           1,384,925
                                                        ========================================================
      Total, U.S. Customs and Border Protection,                9,301,587        10,168,217          10,226,402
 Available Funding.....................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $1,601,200,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and
  excludes $150,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Includes $100,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes
  $75,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ Includes $1,159,200,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295.
\4\ Includes $232,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes
  $75,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\5\ Includes $110,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295.
\6\ Reflects permanent realignment of base resources pursuant to a reprogramming approved by the Senate on April
  24, 2007.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  $5,562,186,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   6,579,733,000
Committee recommendation \2\............................   6,601,058,000

\1\ Includes $100,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to 
section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes $75,000,000 in emergency 
appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects permanent realignment of base resources pursuant to a 
reprogramming approved by the Senate on April 24, 2007.

    The U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP] Salaries and 
Expenses appropriation provides funds for border security, 
immigration, customs, agricultural inspections, regulating and 
facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, and 
enforcing U.S. trade laws. In addition to directly appropriated 
resources, fee collections are available for the operations of 
CBP from the following sources:
    Immigration Inspection User Fees.--CBP collects user fees 
to fund the costs of international inspections activities at 
airports and seaports, as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    Enforcement Fines.--CBP collects fines from owners of 
transportation lines and persons for unauthorized landing of 
aliens, as authorized by the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
U.S.C. 1356).
    Land Border Inspections Fees.--CBP collects fees for 
processing applications for the Dedicated Commuter Lanes 
program, the Automated Permit Ports program, the Canadian 
Border Boat Landing program, and both Canadian and Mexican Non-
Resident Alien Border Crossing Cards, as authorized by the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act [COBRA] 
Fees.--CBP collects fees for inspection services involving 
customs related functions. The COBRA user fee statutory 
authority (19 U.S.C. 58c) specifies the types of expenses to be 
reimbursed and the order for the reimbursement of these types 
of expenses.
    Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Inspection 
Fees.--CBP receives as a transfer a distribution of agriculture 
inspection fees collected by the United States Department of 
Agriculture. The user fees, as authorized by the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (21 U.S.C. 
136), are charged to offset costs for the services related to 
the importation, entry, or exportation of animals and animal 
products.
    Puerto Rico Trust Fund.--Customs duties, taxes, and fees 
collected in Puerto Rico by CBP are deposited in the Puerto 
Rico Trust Fund. After providing for the expenses of 
administering CBP activities in Puerto Rico, the remaining 
amounts are transferred to the Treasurer of Puerto Rico 
pursuant to 48 U.S.C. sections 740 and 795.
    Small Airport User Fee.--The User Fee Airports Program 
authorized under 19 U.S.C. 58b and administered under 19 U.S.C. 
58c(b)(9)(A)(i), authorizes inspection services to be provided 
to participating small airports on a fully reimbursable basis. 
The fees charged under this program are set forth in a 
Memorandum of Agreement between the small airport facility and 
the agency, and may be adjusted annually as costs and 
requirements change.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $6,601,058,000 for salaries and 
expenses of U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP] for fiscal 
year 2008, including $3,093,000 from the Harbor Maintenance 
Trust Fund. Included in this amount is a decrease of 
$271,310,000 in termination of one-time costs, and an increase 
of $252,189,000 in annualizations for fiscal year 2006 
supplemental and fiscal year 2007 program increases. The 
Committee includes bill language making available up to 
$150,000 for payment for rental space for preclearance 
operations; and $1,000,000 for payments to informants. The 
Committee includes bill language placing a $35,000 annual limit 
on overtime paid to any employee.

                     INCREASED BORDER PATROL AGENTS

    Congress took the lead in focusing the Nation's attention 
on the need to aggressively begin to secure the borders when it 
provided funds to hire an additional 500 new Border Patrol 
agents in the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for 
Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 
(Public Law 109-13). Since then, on a bipartisan basis, a total 
of 4,000 new agents, and attendant support positions, have been 
funded through fiscal year 2007. The President requests the 
hiring of an additional 3,000 new Border Patrol agents in 
fiscal year 2008. The Committee continues its strong support 
for the Border Patrol and its mission of preventing entry into 
the United States of illegal aliens, terrorists, weapons of 
mass destruction, and other illicit goods or individuals.
    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $569,800,000; 3,688 positions; and 1,844 full-time 
equivalents [FTEs], as requested in the budget, for 3,000 
additional Border Patrol agents and 688 operational mission 
support positions, training, relocation, and transportation 
costs, as well as $197,348,000 for annualization of prior year 
positions. These funds will bring the total strength of the 
Border Patrol to 17,819 by the end of fiscal year 2008, as 
compared with the 12,319 agents on-board at the beginning of 
fiscal year 2007.
    Also included in the amount recommended is $50,000,000, as 
requested in the budget, for transportation and delivery of 
apprehended illegal aliens to detention facilities or to the 
Mexican border.
    The Committee directs the Secretary to assign to the 
Northern Border a number of agents equal to not less that 20 
percent of the net increase in agents during fiscal year 2008, 
as authorized in the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism 
Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458).

                          OPERATION JUMP START

    Last year, the President committed to deploying up to 6,000 
National Guard personnel to the Southwest border to perform 
certain administrative, non-law enforcement functions, thus 
freeing Border Patrol agents from these tasks and allowing them 
to actually patrol the border. The understanding was that this 
was a limited, 2-year commitment while more Border Patrol 
agents were hired and trained. The Committee supports this 
activity and applauds the National Guard for stepping up and 
assisting in protecting the border. The Committee is aware that 
the number of Guard personnel deployed to the border may drop 
by as much as half starting in mid-July 2007, and requests a 
briefing no later than September 15, 2007, to be conducted 
jointly by CBP and the National Guard, on the impact of these 
reductions on Border Patrol operations as well as ongoing 
efforts to patrol and secure the border.

                   RADIATION PORTAL MONITOR STAFFING

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$135,979,000, 232 positions, and 205 FTEs, for inspection and 
detection technology, an increase of $6,000,000, 55 positions, 
and 28 full-time equivalents, as proposed in the budget, to 
expand the number of inspectors at ports to staff radiation 
portal monitors.

                       SECURE FREIGHT INITIATIVE

    Included in the total amount recommended for the Container 
Security Initiative is $156,130,000, 172 positions, and 164 
full-time equivalents [FTEs]. Of this amount, $15,000,000, 17 
positions, and 9 FTEs, are recommended, as proposed in the 
budget, for staffing and support to the Secure Freight 
Initiative.

                  WESTERN HEMISPHERE TRAVEL INITIATIVE

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$252,450,000, 205 positions, and 103 full-time equivalents, as 
proposed in the budget, to support implementation of the 
Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative at ports-of-entry.

                    CONDUCT AND INTEGRITY OVERSIGHT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $10,000,000, 58 positions, and 29 full-time 
equivalents, as proposed in the budget, to enhance CBP's 
internal affairs investigative capability.

              CUSTOMS--TRADE PARTNERSHIP AGAINST TERRORISM

    The Committee notes that the Government Accountability 
Office and other experts have pointed out that one of the 
vulnerabilities in the Customs-Trade Partnership Against 
Terrorism [C-TPAT] program is the relative lack of regular 
security inspections and validations of C-TPAT members. The 
SAFE Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347) recognized this 
vulnerability and authorized an increase in the number of 
Supply Chain Security Specialists [SCSS]. As of March 1, 2007, 
there were 157 SCSSs on board at CBP. Hiring additional SCSSs 
will allow CBP to send more teams of specialists around the 
globe, to visit members, their vendors, and vendors' plants to 
validate that supply chain security meets C-TPAT security 
criteria and ensure that C-TPAT participants receive 
validations and re-validations on a regular basis. The 
Committee recommends an additional $6,750,000 to C-TPAT for 
hiring 50 additional SCSSs, for a total of $62,310,000 and 207 
FTE.

                        AIR AND MARINE STAFFING

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$226,740,000; 1,595 positions; and 1,479 full-time equivalents 
[FTE], an increase of $14,000,000; 82 positions; and 41 FTEs. 
These additional positions will support one-half of the needed 
staffing for the 11 new marine enforcement units funded in 
``Air and Marine Interdiction, Operations, Maintenance, and 
Procurement''.

                        CBP--VEHICLE REPLACEMENT

    The Committee was pleased to finally receive the updated 
Vehicle Fleet Management Plan called for in Conference Report 
109-699. Of all of the component agencies within the 
Department, CBP is by far the most punishing on its vehicles 
given the extreme terrains in which it must operate. The need 
for a robust replacement plan is evident. In order to begin a 
regularized and affordable multi-year replacement effort, the 
Committee directs the Department to include in the fiscal year 
2009 budget submission a plan to replace, at a minimum, 25 
percent of the vehicle fleet on an annual basis.

                       TUCSON SECTOR CHECKPOINTS

    The Committee notes that a January 2006 DHS Inspector 
General report stated that non-permanent Border Patrol 
checkpoints are inefficient. ``Permanent checkpoints permit 
safer, more efficient law enforcement. . . . It is not 
necessary to prohibit permanent checkpoints in order to 
encourage the use of alternative tactics and mobile interior 
operations.'' In response to questions for the record, CBP 
stated that moving Border Patrol checkpoints, ``give the 
smugglers a clear advantage. . . . The moment a checkpoint is 
closed, scouts notify smugglers immediately to transport their 
illegal cargo further north into the United States. . . . 
Smugglers also take advantage of Border Patrol movements by 
exploiting the lack of flanking infrastructure, which would 
otherwise be present at a permanent site.'' The Committee 
supports these conclusions and requests a briefing no later 
than September 15, 2007, on the Border Patrol's plans to 
construct permanent checkpoints in the Tucson sector to support 
the Border Patrol's mission of staunching the flow of illegal 
aliens into the United States.

                       BORDER TUNNEL REMEDIATION

    The Committee is concerned about reports that many of the 
largest border tunnels under the United States-Mexico border 
remain unfilled. These tunnels pose a serious national security 
risk and provide a means for smugglers to move drugs, guns, and 
people under the border. The Committee therefore directs the 
Department to provide semiannual briefings to the Senate 
Committees on Appropriations, the Judiciary, and Homeland 
Security and Governmental Affairs on all activities undertaken 
to fill in these tunnels, the timeline for completion of this 
task, the funding used for these purposes, and the detection 
methods used to discover new tunnels. The first briefing should 
occur no later than October 1, 2007.

                      METHAMPHETAMINE FROM MEXICO

    The Committee is particularly concerned about reports of 
serious law enforcement challenges at our Southwest border, 
such as the rise in Mexican manufacture and distribution of 
methamphetamine into the United States, the unauthorized export 
of assault weapons, and other firearms from the United States 
into Mexico, and the unprecedented levels of brutality reported 
among Mexican drug gangs. The Committee urges the Department, 
in securing our borders, to work cooperatively with the Mexican 
Government and its law enforcement agencies, as well as U.S. 
law enforcement agencies, to provide aid and intelligence 
sharing as necessary to slow methamphetamine (and precursor 
chemical) trafficking into and out of Mexico, as well as the 
southward flow of weapons into Mexico, and the northern 
migration of Mexican drug gang violence into the United States. 
The Committee requests a status report on these efforts within 
180 days after the date of enactment of this act.

              GEOGRAPHICAL LIMIT ON BORDER CROSSING CARDS

    The Committee notes that there are varying distances into 
the United States along the Southwest border which Mexicans can 
travel for limited periods of time using the border crossing 
card. The Committee directs CBP to submit a report within 180 
days after the date of enactment of this act on the legal, 
legislative, and administrative history of how these distances 
were determined, the rationale for retaining them, and the 
impact on CBP's enforcement of our immigration and trade laws 
should these distances be expanded and/or standardized across 
the border.

                   TEXTILE TRANSSHIPMENT ENFORCEMENT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$4,750,000 for textile transshipment enforcement, as authorized 
by section 352 of the Trade Act of 2002. The Trade Act of 2002 
authorizes appropriations for the hiring of 72 positions 
between CBP and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, including 
import specialists, auditors, and analytic staff, and funding 
has been provided for these positions.

                   INTERPOL TRAVEL DOCUMENT DATABASE

    The Committee notes that the International Criminal Police 
Organization, Interpol, maintains the largest law enforcement 
database of stolen and lost travel documents containing 
information on more than 6.6 million documents, such as 
passports and visas. Access to this database by homeland 
security officials could result in major enhancements in 
preventing terrorists or others from entering the United 
States. In recent meetings in Washington, DC, between 
Department officials and representatives from Interpol, 
discussions centered on placing DHS representatives from either 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection or U.S. Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement at a new passport security unit at Interpol 
headquarters. The Committee supports this activity and requests 
a briefing on actions taken in this regard no later than 
November 15, 2007.

                        ADVANCED TRAINING CENTER

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$11,200,000, as proposed in the budget, to operate and equip 
the Advanced Training Center.
    Pursuant to Public Law 106-246, the training to be 
conducted at the Center shall be configured in a manner so as 
to not duplicate or displace any Federal law enforcement 
program of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center [FLETC]. 
Training currently being conducted at a FLETC facility shall 
not be moved to the Center.

                        ANTI-DUMPING ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee has ensured that, within the amounts provided 
for in this account, there will be sufficient funds to 
administer the ongoing requirements of section 754 of the 
Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1675c), referenced in subtitle F 
of title VII of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (Public Law 
109-171; 120 Stat. 154).
    The Committee directs CBP to continue to work with the 
Departments of Commerce and Treasury, and the Office of the 
United States Trade Representative (and all other relevant 
agencies) to increase collections, and to provide an annual 
report, within 30 days of each year's distributions under the 
law, summarizing CBP's efforts to collect past due amounts and 
increase current collections, particularly with respect to 
cases involving unfairly traded U.S. imports from China.
    The Committee further directs CBP to update its January 
2007 report to the Committee, and the 2007 annual report 
referenced above, by breaking out the non-collected amounts for 
each of the fiscal years 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007, by order, 
country, and claimant, along with a description of each of the 
specific reasons for the non-collection with respect to each 
order. CBP is once again directed, as it failed to do last 
year, to provide the amounts of antidumping and countervailing 
duties held by CBP in its Clearing Account for unliquidated 
entries as of October 1, 2006 (or, now, as of October 1, 2007), 
segregated by case number and Department of Commerce period of 
review. In that same report, CBP should explain, with 
particularity, what other enforcement actions it is taking to 
collect unpaid duties owed the U.S. Government.
    The Committee also directs the Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] to undertake a thorough investigation of the 
problem of non-collection of antidumping [AD] and 
countervailing duties [CVD] by the U.S. Government. The GAO 
should report when the problem was first detected; determine 
the extent of non-collection of AD/CVD duties, by year, since 
discovery of the problem (or at least the year 2001), and 
examine how prior, current, and proposed recommendations 
advanced by either the GAO or the U.S. Government would address 
the problem with any measure of success. The GAO report should 
examine those factors which affect the ability of CBP to 
collect AD/CVD duties, as well as any actions the U.S. 
Government should take to solve the problem. GAO is directed to 
examine the interplay of existing domestic and international 
law enforcement mechanisms, to determine how U.S. laws and 
international treaties to which the United States is a party 
could be strengthened to exert greater legal control over those 
entities which refuse to pay U.S. duties. In this connection, 
the GAO should examine: (1) how the United States first 
determines and later identifies who is an importer of record; 
and (2) whether U.S. laws covering such importers of record 
should be revised to ensure solvency and availability, perhaps 
through a security clearance, background check, or other 
mechanism, such that U.S. Government authorities could recoup 
duties owed should the importer choose to evade paying U.S. 
antidumping and countervailing duties. GAO should deliver its 
report to the Committee by June 1, 2008.

                       CUSTOMS REVENUE FUNCTIONS

    The Committee is concerned that since the customs revenue 
functions of the Federal Government were transferred from the 
Department of the Treasury to the Department of Homeland 
Security on March 1, 2003, focus on this critical Federal 
Government function has become blurred and staffing in key 
specialties has atrophied. The volume of imported goods has 
risen 33 percent since fiscal year 2002 and the number of 
importing entities has grown approximately 18 percent in the 
same time period. However, the number of import specialists, 
entry specialists, and drawback specialists, among others, has 
remained essentially static. In fact, after experiencing 
attrition in each of those positions since the creation of the 
Department, it is only in recent months that staffing levels in 
these areas have returned to their March 2003 levels. The 
Committee expects to be briefed semi-annually on the progress 
in hiring for these positions beginning 30 days after enactment 
of this act.

                          COLLECTION OF DUTIES

    The Committee notes that the workload associated with 
administering antidumping orders issued by the Department of 
Commerce has increased, especially for CBP Import Specialists. 
According to Government Accountability Office report GAO-07-
529, as of February 2007, ``CBP was responsible for 
implementing more than 240 antidumping orders, some of which 
affect hundreds of millions of dollars in trade annually. . . . 
According to CBP officials, collecting antidumping duties 
involves significantly more work than collecting normal duties 
because the amount of antidumping duties that importers owed 
are often revised (up to 18 months after the products have 
entered the country) as a result of additional reviews 
conducted by the Department of Commerce. In cases where 
Commerce determines that additional duties are owed, CBP must 
identify the affected importers, issue supplemental duty bills, 
and take steps to collect the supplemental duties.'' Because of 
the challenges involved, CBP has been unable to collect more 
than $500,000,000 in antidumping duties over the past 5 years. 
The Committee recommends an additional $575,000 for eight 
positions to enhance the collection of duties.

                           AGRICULTURAL PESTS

    The Committee notes Hawaii's globally significant natural 
environment, as well as the State's important diversified 
agricultural industry, are uniquely vulnerable to the 
introduction of invasive weeds, animals, insects, and diseases. 
The Committee expects the Department to work with the United 
States Department of Agriculture and the Hawaii Department of 
Agriculture to share information and expertise to ensure their 
respective inspection and quarantine activities provide 
coordinated and collaborative biosecurity protection for the 
State.
    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
continued funding at the fiscal year 2006 level for part-time 
and temporary positions in Honolulu, Hawaii (Requested by: 
Inouye).
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                            U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION--SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Fiscal year     Fiscal year
                                                              2007 enacted     2008 budget        Committee
                                                                   \1\           request     recommendations \2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Salaries and Expenses:
    Headquarters management and administration:
        Management and administration, border security              658,943         675,391            639,373
         inspections and trade facilitation................
        Management and administration, border security and          589,446         602,016            597,016
         control between port of entry.....................
                                                            ----------------------------------------------------
            Subtotal, Headquarters management and                 1,248,389       1,277,407          1,236,389
             administra-  tion.............................
                                                            ====================================================
    Border security inspections and trade facilitation at
     ports of entry:
        Inspections, trade and travel facilitation at ports       1,326,665       1,610,202          1,675,685
         of entry..........................................
        Harbor maintenance fee collections (trust fund)....           3,026           3,026              3,093
        Container Security Initiative......................         139,312         156,130            156,130
        Other international programs.......................           8,701           8,871             10,866
        Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism........          54,730          55,560             62,310
        Free and Secure Trade (FAST)/NEXUS/SENTRI..........          11,243          11,243             11,243
        Inspection and detection technology investments....         241,317         135,979            105,027
        Automated targeting systems........................          27,298          27,580             27,580
        National Targeting Center..........................          23,635          23,950             23,950
        Training...........................................          24,564          24,813             24,813
                                                            ----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, border security inspections and trade         1,860,491       2,057,354          2,100,697
           facilitation at ports of entry..................
                                                            ====================================================
    Border security and control between ports of entry:
        Border security and control between ports of entry.       2,239,586       2,984,443          2,984,443
        Training...........................................          37,924          52,789             52,789
                                                            ----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, border security and control between           2,277,510       3,037,232          3,037,232
           ports of entry..................................
                                                            ====================================================
Air and Marine operations, personnel compensation and bene-         175,796         207,740            226,740
  fits.....................................................
                                                            ====================================================
      Total, Salaries and expenses.........................       5,562,186       6,579,733          6,601,058
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $100,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes
  $75,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects permanent realignment of base resources pursuant to a reprogramming approved by the Senate on April
  24, 2007.

                        AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $451,440,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     476,609,000
Committee recommendation................................     476,609,000

    The automation modernization account includes funds for 
major information technology systems and services for U.S. 
Customs and Border Protection [CBP], including the Automated 
Commercial Environment [ACE] and the International Trade and 
Data System [ITDS] projects, and connectivity of and 
integration of existing systems.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $476,609,000, to be available 
until expended, as proposed in the budget, for automation 
modernization.

               TREASURY ENFORCEMENT COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$25,000,000 and one position, as requested in the budget, to 
replace the mainframe components of the Treasury Enforcement 
Communications System [TECS]. Modernization of TECS is a 
critical component to ensure that CBP employees have the 
appropriate tools to perform their mission. The Committee 
directs CBP to submit a report on the TECS modernization 
program, within 90 days of the date of enactment of this act, 
which includes: (1) a description of each project in the 
modernization program; (2) cost estimates for the complete 
modernization program; and (3) timelines and milestones for the 
development and implementation of each project.

                    INTERNATIONAL TRADE DATA SYSTEMS

    Included in the amount recommended is $16,000,000 for the 
ITDS.

           AUTOMATED COMMERCIAL ENVIRONMENT QUARTERLY REPORTS

    The Committee has required quarterly reports on progress on 
the ACE program for the past few years. The Committee was 
frustrated to receive the reports on the third and fourth 
quarter of fiscal year 2006 on February 8, 2007, well into the 
second quarter of fiscal year 2007. These reports consist of 
factual, aggregate data on the progress ACE has achieved in a 
given quarter. It should not take half a year to receive a non-
controversial report transmitting this data. The delay in 
receiving the reports hinders Congress from performing its 
oversight function. The Committee directs the Department to 
submit this report no later than 45 days after the close of 
each quarter.

                       GRADUATION FROM GAO REVIEW

    The Committee has required certain agencies to develop and 
submit expenditure plans for a number of complex, high-risk 
information technology and other construction and development 
plans. In most cases, a portion of the funds appropriated for 
these activities has been withheld from obligation pending 
review of the plan by the GAO and affirmative approval by the 
Committee. In many cases, this process has added rigor to the 
agencies' development and deployment process and resulted in 
development of a better product. The Committee believes that 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection's ``Automation 
Modernization'' program, known as ACE, has benefited from these 
GAO reviews over the years. As a result, the Committee's level 
of confidence in the maturity of this program has increased to 
the point that GAO review is no longer required. The Committee 
will still require submission of expenditure plans for this 
program, but funds will be released upon the submission to the 
Committee of the plan. The Committee will continue to follow 
closely further development of all of these programs, but 
expect that the rigor currently being focused on these programs 
will continue.

                            EXPENDITURE PLAN

    The Committee is pleased with the level of detail and 
discipline which has been displayed in recent ACE expenditure 
plans. The Committee includes bill language making not less 
than $216,969,000 available for development of ACE upon the 
submission of a comprehensive expenditure plan for the program.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                            AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                             enacted   budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Automated Commercial Environment/International Trade Data            316,800           316,969           316,969
 System (ITDS)............................................
Automated commercial system and legacy IT cost............           134,640           159,640           159,640
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Automation modernization.....................           451,440           476,609           476,609
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        BORDER SECURITY FENCING, INFRASTRUCTURE, AND TECHNOLOGY

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  $1,187,565,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,000,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,000,000,000

\1\ Includes $1,159,200,000 emergency appropriations pursuant to section 
520 of Public Law 109-295.

    The Border Security, Fencing, Infrastructure, and 
Technology account funds the capital procurement and total 
operations and maintenance costs associated with fencing, 
infrastructure, sensors, surveillance, and other technology.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee strongly supports the Strategic Border 
Initiative [SBI] and the approach of securing the border via a 
web of fencing, tactical infrastructure, sensor, and optical 
technology, in addition to more Border Patrol agents and 
increased enforcement of our immigration laws. By fully funding 
the President's request for fiscal year 2008, when combined 
with the $1,187,565,000 appropriated to this account for fiscal 
year 2007 in Public Law 109-295, the Committee will have 
provided over $2,187,000,000 for this activity. Additionally, 
the Committee provides the Secretary with the flexibility 
requested to determine the best mix and location of these 
border security activities along all of the Nation's borders--
Northern, Southwest, and maritime.
    However, the Committee is also concerned that this is an 
extremely high risk program. The Department's track record on 
major development programs is spotty at best. For instance, the 
failures in the Coast Guard's Integrated Deepwater Systems 
Program have raised many red flags and require the Congress to 
approach similarly large programs with an extra degree of 
caution. It is imperative that a Government program of this 
magnitude be managed and overseen by qualified Federal 
Government employees, not contractors out to make a buck off 
the American taxpayer. The Secretary's testimony before the 
Senate Homeland Security Subcommittee on March 8, 2007, gives 
cause for concern. The Secretary said, ``Ironically, sometimes 
you almost find yourself . . . in the position of having to 
hire contractors to write contracts for other contractors.'' As 
of May 1, 2007, this program was being managed by 110 Federal 
Government employees and 119 contract employees. The Committee 
supports this program but will be closely watching to ensure 
that SBInet meets performance objectives, is delivered on time, 
and on budget.

                            EXPENDITURE PLAN

    The Committee includes bill language making $500,000,000 
available for technology modernization upon approval of a 
comprehensive expenditure plan.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                             BORDER SECURITY FENCING, INFRASTRUCTURE, AND TECHNOLOGY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Border security, fencing, infrastructure, and technology           1,187,565  ................  ................
 [BSFIT]..................................................
Development and deployment................................  ................           936,000           863,000
Operations and maintenance................................  ................  ................            73,000
Program management........................................  ................            64,000            64,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, BSFIT........................................         1,187,565         1,000,000         1,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 AIR AND MARINE INTERDICTION, OPERATIONS, MAINTENANCE, AND PROCUREMENT

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $602,187,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     477,287,000
Committee recommendation \2\x...........................     488,947,000

\1\ Includes $232,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to 
section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes $75,000,000 in emergency 
appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects permanent realignment of base resources pursuant to a 
reprogramming approved by the Senate on April 24, 2007.

    The U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP] Air and Marine 
Interdiction, Operations, Maintenance, and Procurement [AMO] 
account funds the capital procurement and total operations and 
maintenance costs of the CBP air and marine program and 
provides support to other Federal, State, and local agencies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $488,947,000, to remain available 
until expended, for air and marine interdiction, operations, 
maintenance, and procurement. Included in this amount is 
$80,800,000 for recurring maintenance, as proposed in the 
budget.

                       NATIONAL SUPPORT OF ASSETS

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$36,700,000, as requested in the budget, for the National 
Support of Assets maintenance contract to ensure that CBP 
aircraft meet Federal aviation regulations and Department of 
Defense standards while maintaining a readiness rate of 80 
percent or higher.

                        NORTHERN BORDER AIR WING

    The Committee notes that $75,000,000 was included in the 
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and 
Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-
28) for air and marine activities, including establishment of 
the fifth northern border air wing in Michigan. The Committee 
is pleased to note that with the completion of this air wing, 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection will have finally provided a 
series of ``eyes in the sky'' stretching from Maine to 
Washington State, giving the United States a higher level of 
situational awareness of activities along, and crossings of, 
its 4,000 mile long border with Canada. Now that these air 
wings have been established, it is imperative that they be 
given the resources and personnel for 24/7 operation. The 
Committee expects the President's fiscal year 2009 budget will 
include funding to expand the hours of operation at these air 
wings.

                   P-3 SERVICE LIFE EXTENSION PROGRAM

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$47,000,000, as requested in the budget, for the ongoing 
service life extension program of the P-3 surveillance fleet.

                MARINE FACILITIES AND ASSET ACQUISITION

    The Committee is pleased that a major effort has been 
undertaken to close known gaps in U.S. border air surveillance 
capabilities, especially along our Northern border. However, 
similar gaps in coverage remain in the marine and coastal 
environment; again especially along the Northern border. To 
address these gaps, included in the amount recommended by the 
Committee is an increase of $12,540,000 above the level 
requested in the budget to provide the facilities and equipment 
for 11 additional Marine Enforcement Units. Funding for initial 
staffing at these sites is provided in the ``Salaries and 
Expenses'' appropriation. The Committee directs the submission 
of an expenditure plan prior to the obligation of these funds.

                    UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS SUPPORT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $4,120,000 from the amount requested in the budget 
for operations and maintenance support, including spares and 
component repairs, antenna and satellite time, software, and 
engineers, for the six unmanned aerial systems, which are 
either in stock or expected to be delivered shortly. These 
funds will ensure that these systems will operate at the 
highest anticipated levels.

                       SUPPORT TO INVESTIGATIONS

    The Committee is concerned that the reorganization of the 
legacy Customs Service and Border Patrol air missions into CBP 
Air, with the attendant strategic and tactical control of air 
assets, may have the unintended result of a decrease in support 
to investigations conducted by U.S. Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement [ICE]. The Committee requests a briefing, conducted 
jointly by CBP and ICE, no later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this act, on how air support to investigations is 
adjudicated.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                      AIR AND MARINE INTERDICTION, OPERATIONS, MAINTENANCE, AND PROCUREMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Fiscal year 2007   Fiscal year 2008       Committee
                                                      enacted \1\   budget request   recommendations \2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operations and maintenance..........................             236,454            353,954             365,614
Procurement.........................................             365,773            123,333             123,333
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Air and Marine Interdiction,                        602,187            477,287             488,947
       Operations, Maintenance, and Procurement.....
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $232,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes
  $75,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects permanent realignment of base resources pursuant to a reprogramming approved by the Senate on April
  24, 2007.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $232,978,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     249,663,000
Committee recommendation................................     274,863,000

\1\ Includes $110,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to 
section 520 of Public Law 109-295.

    This appropriation provides funding to plan, construct, 
renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities 
necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws 
relating to immigration, customs, and alien registration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $274,863,000 for construction 
activities of U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP], to be 
available until expended.

         CONSTRUCTION ASSOCIATED WITH NEW BORDER PATROL AGENTS

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$100,000,000, as proposed in the budget, for construction 
requirements associated with new Border Patrol Agents.

                       AIR AND MARINE FACILITIES

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$30,000,000, as proposed in the budget, for repair and 
renovation of air and marine facilities.

                        ADVANCED TRAINING CENTER

    The Committee provides $40,200,000 for Phase IV of the 
Advanced Training Center [ATC] Master Plan which was submitted 
to the Committee on April 4, 2007, by the Department of 
Homeland Security Under Secretary for Management. The ATC, 
located in West Virginia, opened in September 2005. It provides 
advanced training to over 2,000 CBP law enforcement personnel, 
managers, and supervisors per year and will train approximately 
5,200 per year by the end of 2009 (Requested by: Byrd).

          LACK OF BORDER PATROL CONSTRUCTION PROJECT OVERSIGHT

    This Committee has been a strong proponent, on a bipartisan 
basis, of ensuring that newly hired Border Patrol agents and 
CBP officers are provided with the tools they need to perform 
their critical national security duties. This includes ensuring 
that they receive proper training as well as vehicles and 
equipment. A critical component of this comprehensive approach 
is ensuring that these agents and officers also have 
appropriately-sized facilities, such as Border Patrol stations, 
to accommodate the major increases in hiring. Congress has 
tried to provide CBP with the resources to get ahead of the 
curve. Between fiscal years 2005 and 2007, the Congress 
appropriated approximately $450,000,000 above the President's 
requests to try and achieve an appropriate balance between 
people, support, and facilities, which included funding an 
additional 3,500 new Border Patrol agents.
    This Committee has worked hard to provide CBP with the 
construction resources necessary to match the growth in Border 
Patrol personnel. Unfortunately, CBP did not bring the planning 
and management skills to oversee the construction program to 
the table. A prime example of the lack of planning, and more 
seriously, the lapse in oversight of the leadership of CBP, is 
that a comprehensive survey of current facilities was not 
initiated until almost 2 years after the surge in agent hiring 
began. The belated realization of the disconnect between 
facilities and staffing planning may lead to as much as 
$125,000,000 in appropriated construction funds being diverted 
to temporary trailers or other short-term housing. Further, the 
timeline for completing all of the needed projects may be 
extended for several years. It is incomprehensible to the 
Committee how CBP allowed this situation to occur.
    The Committee has reduced the Headquarters Management 
request by $5,000,000, to be taken from programs other than 
facilities management, to make clear its strong concern about 
the loss of time and planning. Further, the Committee is aware 
of discussions to move the oversight and responsibility of 
port-of-entry facility construction from the General Services 
Administration [GSA] to CBP. It is clear that CBP is in no way 
prepared for such an expansion of its responsibilities in this 
arena.
    Finally, absent the official submission of a revised budget 
for this account, it is difficult to appropriate any funds for 
currently unknown construction activities for fiscal year 2008. 
The Committee makes an unspecified reduction of $15,000,000 to 
the amount requested in the budget and directs the submission 
of a revised construction account request for fiscal year 2008 
no later than July 16, 2007, to include a project-by-project 
breakdown.
    The Committee directs the Department to continue to work 
with the GSA on its nationwide strategy to prioritize and 
address the infrastructure needs at land border ports-of-entry 
and to comply with the requirements of the Public Buildings Act 
of 1959 (40 U.S.C. 3301) to seek necessary funding.

                U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement


                                SUMMARY

    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is responsible for 
enforcing immigration and customs laws, detaining and removing 
deportable or inadmissible aliens, and providing security of 
Federal buildings and property.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $5,279,393,000, 
including direct appropriations of $4,432,893,000, and 
estimated fee collections of $846,500,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                            U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2007   Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                              enacted         budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Salaries and expenses \1\ \2\......................         3,877,000          4,162,000          4,401,643
    Automation modernization...........................            15,000   .................            15,000
    Construction.......................................            56,281              6,000             16,250
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations............................         3,958,281          4,168,000          4,432,893
                                                        ========================================================
Estimated Fee Collections:
    Immigration inspection user fees...................           108,000            113,500            113,500
    Student exchange visitor program fees..............            54,349             56,200             56,200
    Immigration breached bond/detention fund...........            90,000             63,800             63,800
    Federal Protective Service \3\.....................           516,011            613,000            613,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
        Total, Estimated fee collections...............           768,360            846,500            846,500
                                                        ========================================================
        Total, Available funding.......................         4,726,641          5,014,500          5,279,393
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $6,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects a permanent realignment of $523,000 to USCIS for various parole programs pursuant to section 872.
\3\ Fully funded by offsetting collections paid by General Services Administration tenants and credited directly
  to this appropriation.

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  $3,887,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   4,162,000,000
Committee recommendation \2\............................   4,401,643,000

\1\ Excludes $6,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects a permanent realignment of $523,000 to USCIS for various 
parole programs pursuant to section 872.

    The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE] Salaries 
and Expenses account provides funds for the enforcement of 
immigration and customs laws, intelligence, and detention and 
removals. In addition to directly appropriated resources, 
funding is derived from the following offsetting collections:
    Immigration Inspection User Fees.--ICE derives funds from 
user fees to support the costs of detention and removals in 
connection with international inspections activities at 
airports and seaports, as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    Student Exchange Visitor Program Fees.--ICE collects fees 
from foreign students, exchange visitors, and schools and 
universities to certify and monitor participating schools, and 
to conduct compliance audits.
    Immigration Breached Bond/Detention Fund.--ICE derives 
funds from the recovery of breached cash and surety bonds in 
excess of $8,000,000 as authorized by the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356); and from a portion of fees 
charged under section 245(i) of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act to support the cost of the detention of aliens.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,401,643,000, for salaries and 
expenses of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE] for 
fiscal year 2008. This includes decreases from the fiscal year 
2007 level of $13,770,000; increases from the fiscal year 2007 
level of $45,371,000 for pay and other inflationary 
adjustments; and $99,199,000 in annualizations, as proposed in 
the budget.
    The Committee includes bill language placing a $35,000 
limit on overtime paid to any employee; making up to $7,500,000 
available for special operations; making up to $1,000,000 
available for the payment of informants; making up to 
$11,216,000 available to reimburse other Federal agencies for 
the costs associated with the care, maintenance, and 
repatriation of smuggled illegal aliens; making not less than 
$102,000 available for promotion of public awareness of the 
child pornography tipline, as requested by the President; 
making not less than $203,000 available for Project Alert, as 
requested by the President; making not less than $5,400,000 
available to facilitate agreements consistent with section 
287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act; limiting the use 
of funds for facilitating agreements consistent with section 
287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to the same 
activities funded in fiscal year 2005; and making $15,770,000 
available for activities to enforce laws against forced child 
labor, of which $6,000,000 shall remain available until 
expended.

                       IMPROVED FISCAL MANAGEMENT

    In fiscal year 2001, there were only 19 criminal arrests 
and 735 administrative arrests related to worksite enforcement. 
The fact that in fiscal year 2006, ICE initiated 1,201 worksite 
enforcement investigative cases resulting in 716 criminal 
arrests and 3,667 administrative arrests is but one example 
that the administration has correctly begun to take seriously 
immigration enforcement actions such as worksite enforcement. 
This level of achievement could not have taken place absent 
congressional initiative and the improved fiscal management at 
ICE.
    The Committee notes that ICE has made significant progress 
in getting its fiscal house in order. The days of hiring 
freezes and inability to perform certain parts of the ICE 
mission appear to be over. The Committee is pleased to see that 
ICE is aggressively hiring agents and investigators and expects 
these robust efforts will continue. Much work needs to be done 
to ensure ICE continues to progress in meeting its dual 
missions of immigration enforcement and customs enforcement, 
but the Committee is pleased with its efforts thus far.

                          ICE-WIDE MANAGEMENT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
additional $2,500,000 and four positions above the budget 
request for development of a consolidated ICE-wide training 
program for new and mid-career managers. These funds will allow 
ICE to design and implement a mandatory program to familiarize 
its managers with their responsibilities in finance, 
procurement, labor-relations, civil rights, and other areas.

      MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION--IMPROVED INTEGRITY OVERSIGHT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$47,778,000, an increase of $7,000,000, 37 positions, and 19 
full-time equivalents, as requested in the budget, for improved 
integrity oversight at the Office of Professional 
Responsibility to handle the increased workload resulting from 
expansion of U.S. Customs and Border Protection and ICE 
personnel.

        INVESTIGATIONS--BORDER ENFORCEMENT SECURITY TASK FORCES

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$13,473,000, 83 positions, and 42 full-time equivalents [FTEs]. 
This is $2,773,000, 20 positions, and 10 FTEs above the budget 
request, to establish additional task forces at key locations 
along the border, including Tier II locations along the 
Northern border. These task forces will address, in a multi-
agency fashion, the threat to communities posed by cross-border 
crime and violence associated with the smuggling of illegal 
drugs and humans.

 INVESTIGATIONS--ICE MUTUAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND EMPLOYERS

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$5,000,000, 29 positions, and 15 full-time equivalents, as 
requested in the budget. ICE Mutual Agreement between 
Government and Employers is a joint Government and private 
sector initiative to achieve compliance with immigration laws 
by training employers in detecting and identifying fraudulent 
documents, while submitting to regular audits of the I-9 
employment verification forms.

                    INVESTIGATIONS--GANG ENFORCEMENT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$15,200,000 and 98 positions, an increase of $10,200,000 and 63 
positions, above the levels requested in the budget. The growth 
of transnational gangs over the past 10 year period has been 
unprecedented. Since its inception in February 2005, Operation 
Community Shield has resulted in the arrests of more than 4,200 
gang members. Half of those arrested have violent criminal 
histories. These funds will expand the number of anti-gang 
teams to 5 Special Agent in Charge offices facing the highest-
threat from gangs.

                  INVESTIGATIONS--WORKSITE ENFORCEMENT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $15,000,000, 100 positions, and 50 full-time 
equivalents, above the levels requested in the budget to 
enhance resources devoted to worksite enforcement efforts. The 
Committee is pleased that ICE has begun to aggressively conduct 
worksite enforcement actions and notes that in fiscal year 
2006, ICE had 716 criminal arrests and 3,667 administrative 
arrests compared with 25 criminal and 485 administrative 
arrests in fiscal year 2002. These funds will be used to hire 
65 Special Agents and 35 support positions.

         INVESTIGATIONS--DOCUMENT AND BENEFIT FRAUD TASK FORCES

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$10,800,000 and 63 positions above the levels requested in the 
budget to fully staff the Document and Benefit Fraud Task 
Forces at 17 Special Agent in Charge offices. Identity and 
benefit fraud present worksite vulnerabilities by which illegal 
aliens, possibly including terrorists and other persons who 
pose a risk to public safety, are able to gain entry into the 
United States and remain here under a guise of legitimacy. 
Fully staffing these task forces will greatly enhance 
investigators tracking fraudulent documents and conducting 
worksite and other investigations.

   STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT SUPPORT, SECTION 287(G) AGREEMENTS

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$51,460,000, an increase of $25,496,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for training to support implementation of the 
provisions of section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality 
Act to delegate authority to enforce limited immigration 
functions to State and local law enforcement officers.

                     LAW ENFORCEMENT SUPPORT CENTER

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$26,951,000, an increase of $904,000, 17 positions, and 9 full-
time equivalents, as proposed in the budget, to assist in 
responding to increased requests for assistance from State and 
local law enforcement officers.

   IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT AND ACCESS TO SOCIAL SECURITY INFORMATION

    The Committee is pleased that the administration has 
significantly increased its interior enforcement activities. A 
number of these investigations are the result of concerns about 
identity theft and of people using Social Security numbers and 
falsely posing as a different individual in order to get a job. 
The Committee believes it is crucial that Federal law 
enforcement have appropriate access to Social Security 
information on a timely basis in order to perform legitimate 
worksite and other immigration enforcement actions and 
encourages the Department to work with the Social Security 
Administration, the Department of Justice, and other Federal 
entities towards this end.

                       SUPPORT TO INVESTIGATIONS

    The Committee is concerned that the reorganization of the 
legacy Customs Service and Border Patrol [CBP] air missions 
into CBP Air, with the attendant strategic and tactical control 
of air assets, may have the unintended result of a decrease in 
support to investigations conducted by ICE. The Committee 
requests a briefing, conducted jointly by CBP and ICE, no later 
than 90 days after the date of enactment of this act, on how 
air support to investigations is adjudicated.

                   TEXTILE TRANSSHIPMENT ENFORCEMENT

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$4,750,000 for textile transshipment enforcement, as authorized 
by section 352 of the Trade Act of 2002. The Trade Act of 2002 
authorizes appropriations for the hiring of 72 positions 
between CBP and ICE, including investigators.

                   INTERPOL TRAVEL DOCUMENT DATABASE

    The Committee notes that the International Criminal Police 
Organization, Interpol, maintains the largest law enforcement 
database of stolen and lost travel documents containing 
information on more than 6.6 million documents such as 
passports and visas. Access to this database by Homeland 
Security officials could result in major enhancements in 
preventing terrorists or others from entering the United 
States. In recent meetings in Washington, DC, between 
Department officials and representatives from Interpol, 
discussions centered on placing DHS representatives from either 
U.S. Customs and Border Protection or U.S. Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement at a new passport security unit at Interpol 
headquarters. The Committee supports this activity and requests 
a briefing on actions taken in this regard no later than 
November 15, 2007.

           DETENTION AND REMOVALS--CUSTODY MANAGEMENT (BEDS)

    The Committee is disappointed that the President's budget 
request does not maintain the linkage between requested 
increases for Border Patrol agents with a similar increase in 
detention beds. Over the past 2 years, there has been a 
bipartisan consensus that hiring more Border Patrol agents and 
increasing interior enforcement activities, such as adding new 
Fugitive Operations teams and sharply increasing worksite 
enforcement efforts, will inevitably lead to the apprehension 
of significantly more illegal aliens. In September 2006, the 
administration appropriately ended the policy of ``catch and 
release'' (apprehending illegal aliens but, as a result of a 
lack of detention bed space, releasing them into the community 
with an order to appear at a later date before an immigration 
judge who would order their removal). Yet, the President's 
budget only requests funds for 950 new beds. The Department 
must ensure that there is sufficient detention bed space to 
accommodate the increased apprehension efforts expected of the 
3,000 new Border Patrol agents requested in the budget, as well 
as the appropriately more aggressive interior enforcement 
actions taken against those who knowingly hire illegal aliens.
    Therefore, the Committee provides an additional 
$146,451,000, for a total of $236,843,596, for 4,000 new 
detention beds, (of which $44,242,423 is associated with the 
costs of removal of illegal aliens). This is an increase of 
3,050 beds and 284 positions above the request and ensures 
funding of a total of 31,500 beds and 2,949 positions.

           DETENTION AND REMOVALS--TRANSPORTATION AND REMOVAL

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$282,526,000, an increase of $33,442,000 above the budget 
request, for all ICE-related transportation and removal 
activities.

       DETENTION AND REMOVALS--RESOURCES FOR POLICY AND PLANNING

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $1,750,000, seven positions, and four full-time 
equivalents above the budget request levels to establish an 
``Office of Policy and Planning'' within the Detention and 
Removals Office [DRO]. The DRO Office of Policy and Planning 
will identify existing policy across all DRO programs, assess 
existing policy for suitability given the tremendous growth in 
detention, ensure adherence to all established detention 
standards, and be responsible for development or modification 
of new policies as they relate to DRO-wide programs and in 
conjunction with the ICE Office of Investigations and ICE 
policy.

              DETENTION AND REMOVALS--FUGITIVE OPERATIONS

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $8,500,000, 42 positions, and 21 full-time 
equivalents, above the levels requested in the budget. This 
will increase the number of Fugitive Operations teams 
nationwide from the current 75 teams to a total of 81 teams. 
These teams locate and apprehend fugitive aliens in the United 
States. Between fiscal year 2003 and December 1, 2006, 
enforcement activities resulted in the removal of 32,106 
fugitive aliens. With this increase, these teams are 
anticipated to apprehend well in excess of 50,000 alien 
absconders in fiscal year 2008.

             DETENTION AND REMOVALS--CRIMINAL ALIEN PROGRAM

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$178,829,000 and 991 positions, an increase of $10,500,000 and 
146 positions above the levels requested in the budget and 
$41,335,000 and 366 positions above the fiscal year 2007 
enacted levels. This will allow ICE to field 30 new Criminal 
Alien Program [CAP] teams above the fiscal year 2007 enacted 
level for a total of 138 teams. It is estimated that the 
foreign-born criminal intake at Federal, State, and local 
detention facilities in fiscal year 2007 is 630,000. 
Identifying illegal aliens for removal while they are 
incarcerated for other crimes ensures that these criminal 
aliens will not be released into society upon completion of 
their sentence. As ICE estimates, each CAP team will identify 
and have removed 1,800 aliens annually; these 30 new teams will 
remove at least 54,000 aliens.

                    DETENTION AND REMOVALS REPORTING

    The Committee continues to request ICE to submit a 
quarterly report to the Committee which compares the number of 
deportation, exclusion, and removal orders sought and obtained 
by ICE. The report should be broken down by district in which 
the removal order was issued; by type of order (deportation, 
exclusion, removal, expedited removal, and others); by agency 
issuing the order; by the number of cases in each category in 
which ICE has successfully removed the alien; and by the number 
of cases in each category in which ICE has not removed the 
alien. The first fiscal year 2008 quarterly report is to be 
submitted no later than January 31, 2008.

                   DETENTION OF UNACCOMPANIED MINORS

    The Committee is disappointed it has not yet received the 
report on unaccompanied alien minors which, according to 
Conference Report 109-699, was due to the Committees on 
Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives on 
February 8, 2007. Updating and coordinating policies in regard 
to unaccompanied alien minors, who are often exploited by alien 
smugglers, between DHS and the Office of Refugee Resettlement 
should be a key priority for the Department. The Committee 
directs the submission of the report immediately.

                         SEPARATION OF FAMILIES

    The Committee continues to be concerned about separation of 
families detained by the Border Patrol. The Committee received 
the report on the Hutto Family Center in Williamson, Texas as 
required by Senate Report 109-273. The report provides an 
excellent description of the facility and the steps ICE has 
taken to ensure compliance with national detention standards. 
However, the report lacks updated forecasts of family detention 
space needs for the next 2 years, as requested. The Committee 
directs ICE to provide quarterly briefings to the Committee on 
family detention space needs and additional steps ICE is taking 
to ensure the highest level of compliance with national 
detention standards, including training of ICE detention 
personnel on adherence to standards. The first quarterly 
briefing should occur no later than July 31, 2007.

                        LOCATION OF ICE OFFICES

    In April of 2007, the Department of Homeland Security 
submitted a report on the cost and need for establishing ICE 
offices in Colorado Springs and Greeley, Colorado, as required 
by Senate Report 109-273. ICE determined that there is a 
sufficient need to locate some operations in both locations. 
The Committee believes that establishing an ICE office in each 
of these two cities may be the most efficient way of ensuring 
that our immigration laws are effectively enforced in the State 
of Colorado and urges the Department to expedite their ongoing 
efforts to do so.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                         U.S. IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT--SALARIES AND EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  Fiscal year
                                                             Fiscal year 2007     2008 budget       Committee
                                                           enacted \1\      request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Headquarters Management and Administration:
    Personnel Compensation and Benefits, services and                140,000            162,137          164,637
     other costs.........................................
    Headquarters Managed IT investment...................            134,013            152,306          152,306
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Headquarters Management and                          274,013            314,443          316,943
       Administration....................................
                                                          ======================================================
Legal Proceedings........................................            187,353            207,850          207,850
                                                          ======================================================
Investigations:
    Domestic.............................................          1,285,229          1,372,328        1,411,101
    International \2\....................................            104,681            108,074          107,551
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Investigations...........................          1,389,910          1,480,402        1,518,652
                                                          ======================================================
Intelligence.............................................             51,379             52,146           52,146
                                                          ======================================================
Detention and Removal Operations:
    Custody Operations...................................          1,381,767          1,459,712        1,606,163
    Fugitive Operations..................................            183,200            186,145          194,645
    Criminal Alien Program...............................            137,494            168,329          178,829
    Alternatives to Detention............................             43,600             43,889           43,889
    Transportation and Removal Program...................            238,284            249,084          282,526
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Detention and Removal Operations.........          1,984,345          2,107,159        2,306,052
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Total, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement....          3,887,000          4,162,000        4,401,643
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $6,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects a transfer of $523,000 to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services pursuant to section
  872 of Public Law 107-296.

                       FEDERAL PROTECTIVE SERVICE

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $516,011,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \1\...............................     613,000,000
Committee recommendation \1\............................     613,000,000

\1\ Fully funded by offsetting collections paid by General Services 
Administration tenants and credited directly to this appropriation.

    The Federal Protective Service [FPS] is responsible for the 
security and protection of Federal property under the control 
of the General Services Administration [GSA]; and for the 
enforcement of laws for the protection of persons and property, 
the prevention of breaches of peace, and enforcement of any 
rules and regulations made and promulgated by the GSA 
Administrator. The FPS authority can also be extended by 
agreement to any area with a significant Federal interest. The 
FPS account provides funds for the salaries, benefits, travel, 
training, and other expenses of the program, offset by 
collections paid by GSA tenants and credited to the account.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $613,000,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Federal Protective Service for fiscal year 
2008; this amount is fully offset by collections of security 
fees. This is the same as proposed in the budget and includes 
an increase of $9,855,000 for pay and other inflationary 
adjustments.

                          FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

    The Federal Protective Service [FPS] mission is to guard 
over 8,800 Federal buildings and the tens of thousands of 
Americans who work or have business in these buildings. The 
explosion of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 
1995 and the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993 
demonstrate how critical the need is for a force to protect 
Federal facilities and respond to incidents therein. Since its 
transfer to the Department of Homeland Security from the 
General Services Administration [GSA] in 2003, FPS has been 
left to slowly twist in the wind, its funding requirements 
ignored by an agency that until recently was deeply mired in 
its own fiscal problems. Prior to 2003, any FPS funding 
shortfalls were easily made up by GSA's Federal Buildings Fund. 
However, since that time, this fee-funded security activity has 
been prevented by the Office of Management and Budget [OMB] 
from charging sufficient fees to maintain its critical homeland 
security and law enforcement missions. Rather than raising fees 
for services FPS officers and agents provide, the 
administration has chosen instead to ``transform'' FPS and make 
major reductions in its mission and its law enforcement 
personnel. To meet its artificially low budget fee estimate for 
fiscal year 2008, FPS has been forced to reduce agent staffing 
through transfer and attrition from 1,196 commanders, police 
officers, and inspectors to 950. The increased level of risk 
resulting from these reductions is unacceptable.
    The Committee directs the Director of OMB and the Secretary 
of Homeland Security, no later than November 1, 2007, to 
certify in writing that the operations of the Federal 
Protective Service will be fully funded in fiscal year 2008 
through revenues and collection of security fee colletions. By 
fully funded, the Committee means that the FPS shall be staffed 
at a level by which it meets its missions requirements, 
including timely law enforcement response to incidents at 
Federal buildings. Additionally, a similar certification shall 
be provided no later than February 10, 2008, for fiscal year 
2009.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                           FEDERAL PROTECTIVE SERVICE
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Basic security............................................           123,310           186,673           186,673
Building specific security................................           392,701           426,327           426,327
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Protective Service \1\...............           516,011           613,000           613,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Fully funded by offsetting collections paid by General Services Administration tenants and credited directly
  to this appropriation.

                        AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION

Appropriations, 2007x...................................     $15,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................................
Committee recommendation................................      15,000,000

    The Automation Modernization account provides funds for 
major information technology projects for Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement, including the Atlas Program comprised of 
seven interrelated project areas for the modernization of the 
information technology infrastructure.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $15,000,000, to remain available 
until expended, for Automation Modernization for fiscal year 
2008.
    The Committee is once again frustrated that the 
administration would eliminate the single source of funding for 
upgrading and replacing the aging information technology 
platforms in use at ICE. It is not possible to expect the 
frontline investigators, detention officers, and lawyers of ICE 
to perform their jobs without adequate tools.

                            EXPENDITURE PLAN

    The Committee includes bill language making not less than 
$5,000,000 available for the development of Atlas upon the 
submission of a comprehensive plan for the program.

                              CONSTRUCTION

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................     $56,281,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................       6,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      16,250,000

\1\ Includes $30,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 
520 of Public Law 109-295.

    This appropriation provides funding to plan, construct, 
renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities 
necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws 
relating to immigration, detention, and alien registration.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$16,250,000, to be available until expended, an increase of 
$10,250,000 above the amount requested in the budget. This 
level of resources ensures funding for repairs and alterations 
and program management.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                                  CONSTRUCTION
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year      Fiscal year
                                                                 2007 enacted     2008 budget       Committee
                                                                     \1\            request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Krome, Florida, 250-bed secure dorm..........................            6,409  ...............  ...............
Krome, Florida, maintenance..................................            5,000  ...............  ...............
Port Isabel, Texas, Infrastructure...........................            9,000  ...............  ...............
Infrastructure improvement project...........................           30,000  ...............  ...............
Facility repair and alterations..............................            5,872            6,000           16,250
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, Construction....................................           56,281            6,000           16,250
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $30,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295.

                 Transportation Security Administration

    The Transportation Security Administration [TSA] is charged 
with ensuring security across U.S. transportation systems, 
including aviation, railways, highways, pipelines, and 
waterways, and safeguarding the freedom of movement of people 
and commerce. Separate appropriations are provided for the 
following activities within TSA: aviation security; surface 
transportation security; transportation threat assessment and 
credentialing; transportation security support; and Federal Air 
Marshals.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$6,477,578,000 and a net of $3,684,752,000 for the activities 
of the Transportation Security Administration for fiscal year 
2008.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                             TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aviation Security.........................................           \1\ \2\         4,953,159         5,039,559
                                                                   4,739,114
Aviation Security Capital Fund \3\........................           250,000  ................  ................
Surface Transportation Security...........................            37,200            41,413            41,413
Transportation Threat Assessment and Credentialing (direct        \4\ 37,700            77,490            67,490
 appropriations)..........................................
Transportation Threat Assessment and Credentialing (fee               76,101            82,601            82,601
 funded)..................................................
Transportation Security Support...........................           525,283           524,515           524,515
Federal Air Marshals......................................       \5\ 714,294           722,000           722,000
Rescission................................................           -66,712  ................  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administrations               6,312,980         6,401,178         6,477,578
       (gross)............................................
                                                           =====================================================
Offsetting fee collections................................        -2,420,000        -2,710,225        -2,710,225
Aviation security capital fund............................          -250,000  ................  ................
Fee accounts..............................................           -76,101           -82,601           -82,601
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Administration (net)          3,566,879         3,608,352         3,684,752
       (including transfers)..............................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes transfers from the Office of the Secretary and Executive Management ($300,000), the Office of the
  Under Secretary for Management ($5,000,000), and Secure Flight ($2,000,000) pursuant to Public Law 110-5.
\2\ Excludes $390,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ The Aviation Security Capital Fund provides $250,000,000 in direct funding from fee collections pursuant to
  section 605 of Public Law 108-76, the authorization for the Aviation Security Capital Fund expires September
  30, 2007.
\4\ Includes a transfer of $2,000,000 to Aviation Security pursuant to Public Law 110-5.
\5\ Excludes $5,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                           AVIATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\............................  $4,739,114,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   4,953,159,000
Committee recommendation................................   5,039,559,000

\1\ Includes transfers from the Office of the Secretary and Executive 
Management ($300,000), the Office of the Under Secretary for Management 
($5,000,000), and Secure Flight ($2,000,000) pursuant to Public Law 110-
5.
\2\ Excludes $390,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.

    The Transportation Security Administration [TSA] aviation 
security account provides for Federal aviation security, 
including screening of all passengers and baggage, deployment 
of on-site law enforcement, continuation of a uniform set of 
background requirements for airport and airline personnel, and 
deployment of explosives detection technology.
    The aviation security activities include funding for: 
Federal transportation security officers [TSOs] and private 
contract screeners; air cargo security; procurement, 
installation, and maintenance of explosives detection systems; 
checkpoint support; and other aviation regulation and 
enforcement activities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $5,039,559,000 for aviation 
security, $86,400,000 above the amount requested and 
$300,445,000 above the fiscal year 2007 level. Consistent with 
the budget request, the Committee provides for the 
consolidation of maintenance funds for checkpoint support and 
explosives detection systems [EDS]/explosives trace detection 
[ETD] into one program, project and activity [PPA] called 
screening technology maintenance and utilities. The Committee 
believes combining the maintenance of all equipment under one 
PPA provides a more complete picture of all maintenance costs 
for equipment deployed throughout the Nation's airports. The 
Committee also consolidates EDS procurement and installation 
funding into one PPA. The Committee expects the fiscal year 
2008 expenditure plan for EDS/ETD activities to include details 
on procurements, installations, maintenance, and operational 
integration on an airport-by-airport basis. The Committee does 
not consolidate the aviation regulation and enforcement PPA 
with the air cargo PPA, as requested. The Committee believes 
merging these PPA's would dilute efforts underway to screen all 
air cargo carried on passenger aircraft.
    The Committee continues a statutory requirement concerning 
screening of Federal Government officials. Further, the 
Committee does not continue a statutory requirement capping 
full-time equivalent Transportation Security Officers [TSOs] at 
45,000. As the number of air passengers continues to grow, TSA 
needs flexibility to staff TSOs accordingly.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                                AVIATION SECURITY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                              enacted \1\      budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Screening operations.....................................         3,768,266          3,992,489         4,074,889
Aviation direction and enforcement.......................           963,548            960,445           964,445
Aviation Security Capital Fund \2\.......................          (250,000)  ................  ................
Transfer pursuant to Public Law 110-5....................             7,300   ................  ................
Air Cargo/DCA General Aviation Fees......................  .................               225               225
                                                          ------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Aviation Security...........................         4,739,114          4,953,159         5,039,559
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $390,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ The Aviation Security Capital Fund provides $250,000,000 in direct funding from fee collections pursuant to
  Section 605 of Public Law 108-176. The authorization for the Aviation Security Capital Fund expires September
  30, 2007.

                         AVIATION SECURITY FEES

    The Congressional Budget Office, in its analysis of the 
President's budget, has reestimated collections from existing 
aviation security fees to be $2,710,000,000. For the first time 
in 3 years, the administration has not submitted a budget 
``gimmick'' to artificially increase the Department's budget 
through a legislative proposal to raise passenger aviation 
security fees. The Committee applauds this decision and reminds 
the Department that any future proposals should be channeled 
through the appropriate legislative committees.

                          SCREENING OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommends $4,074,889,000 for TSA screening 
operations.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                              SCREENING OPERATIONS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Fiscal year 2007   Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                         enacted \1\   budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Privatized screening airports..........................             148,600            143,385           143,385
Passenger and baggage screener personnel, compensation            2,470,200          2,601,404         2,601,404
 and benefits..........................................
Screener training and other............................             244,466            200,466           200,466
Human resource services................................             207,234            182,234           182,234
Checkpoint support.....................................             173,366            136,000           136,000
                                                        ========================================================
EDS/ETD systems:
    EDS/ETD purchase and installation..................         \2\ 279,400            440,000           529,400
    EDS/ETD maintenance................................             222,000   ................  ................
    Operation integration..............................              23,000             25,000            25,000
    Screening technology maintenance and utilities \3\.  ...................           264,000           257,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, EDS/ETD systems........................             524,400            729,000           811,400
                                                        ========================================================
      Total, screening operations......................           3,768,266          3,992,489         4,074,889
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $310,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Excludes $250,000,000 provided pursuant to section 605 of Public Law 108-476.
\3\ Consolidates all screening technology maintenance activities, including checkpoint technology maintenance.

                     PRIVATIZED SCREENING AIRPORTS

    The Committee recommends $143,385,000 for contract 
screening airports for fiscal year 2008. This amount is 
$5,215,000 less than the fiscal year 2007 level and the same as 
the level proposed in the budget.
    The Committee is aware of minimal interest in the 
privatized screening program, thus far. To date, only two 
airports beyond the five originally mandated have opted for 
privatized screening. If additional airports ``opt out,'' the 
Committee encourages TSA to seek a reprogramming of necessary 
funds pursuant to section 503 of this act.

  PASSENGER AND BAGGAGE SCREENER PERSONNEL, COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS

    The Committee recommends $2,601,404,000 for passenger and 
baggage screener personnel, compensation and benefits. This 
funding supports the Transportation Security Officer [TSO] 
workforce. This amount is $131,204,000 above the fiscal year 
2007 level and the same as proposed in the budget.

                        TRAVEL DOCUMENT CHECKERS

    The Committee includes $45,000,000 for the travel document 
checker initiative instead of $60,000,000 as requested. The 
Committee believes sufficient funding is available through the 
amount provided in this bill, as well as projected under-burn 
of current year staffing and prior year carryover balances, to 
fully staff the 40 highest risk airports, as requested. The 
Committee directs TSA to explore alternative staffing 
approaches used at smaller airports, which could alleviate some 
of the costs for the initiative. Further, the Committee directs 
TSA to brief the Committee on the indirect costs, such as 
training and equipment, as well as milestones, expected 
benefits, and measures that will be used to evaluate the 
success of this new program. This briefing should also include 
an update on integration of this program with the US VISIT air 
exit solution.

                      SCREENING AIRPORT EMPLOYEES

    Recent airport security breaches have highlighted the 
ongoing need for stricter screening standards for airport 
employees. The Committee provides $15,000,000 to pilot various 
methods to evaluate screening of airport employees, such as 
physical inspection, behavioral recognition, biometric access 
control, and technology deployment including cameras and body 
imaging. Within 90 days after the date of enactment of this 
act, TSA shall provide a briefing on how it will utilize the 
$15,000,000 to harden and bolster employee screening. The 
Committee directs TSA to provide a briefing on each pilot, 2 
months after each pilot is completed, and interim briefings on 
progress and results no later than March 31, 2008. Because the 
pilots require staffing and technology solutions, these funds 
are eligible for activities funded by this PPA and the 
checkpoint support PPA.
    The Committee is also aware of legislative proposals to 
screen 100 percent of airport employees at the same level of 
screening as passengers. If such legislation is enacted, TSA is 
permitted to use these funds to comply with those requirements.

                     WORKER'S COMPENSATION PAYMENTS

    The Committee has also included $58,700,000 for worker's 
compensation payments, an increase of $3,500,000 from fiscal 
year 2007 and the same as requested. The budget justification 
indicates that TSA continues to aggressively reduce the Office 
of Worker's Compensation Program costs through various 
strategies. No later than 90 days after the enactment of this 
act, TSA shall provide the Committee with a briefing that shows 
how the strategies detailed in the budget justification will 
mitigate the number of injuries and reduce outyear costs, 
including estimates for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2013.

                           BEHAVIOR DETECTION

    Over the past 3 years, TSA has expanded the mission of 
Transportation Security Officers by deploying Behavior 
Detection Officers [BDO] at airports nationwide. BDOs are part 
of a program called ``Screening Passengers by Observational 
Techniques'' or ``SPOT''. The Committee notes that TSA plans to 
aggressively expand this program to all major airports by the 
end of fiscal year 2007. This program is designed to provide 
added value to a layered security system; however, information 
contained in TSA's fiscal years 2007 and 2008 budget requests 
about the SPOT program is limited at best. TSA's strategic 
information contained in the congressional justification simply 
states the increased use of BDOs will, ``greatly enhance 
security and deterrence efforts.'' The Committee therefore 
directs TSA to submit a report on the SPOT program by February 
5, 2008, to include: program goals; performance measures; 
successes to date; key milestones; a deployment schedule; and 
training requirements for BDOs, including personnel trained in 
Federal privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties standards.

                      SCREENER TRAINING AND OTHER

    The Committee provides $200,466,000 for screener training 
and other, a decrease of $44,000,000 from the fiscal year 2007 
level and the same level proposed in the budget. The reduction 
from the fiscal year 2007 level is the result of program 
efficiencies and the discontinuation of the baggage sticker 
program.

                        HUMAN RESOURCE SERVICES

    The Committee provides $182,234,000 for human resource 
services. This amount is $25,000,000 below the fiscal year 2007 
level and the same amount proposed in the budget. Funding is 
provided to manage human resources, payroll, personnel 
policies, programs and systems, maintain oversight of all human 
resources contractual activities, and provide advice and 
counsel to senior managers on personnel issues.

                           CHECKPOINT SUPPORT

    The Committee recommends $136,000,000 for checkpoint 
support, $37,366,000 below the fiscal year 2007 level and the 
same as the amount proposed in the budget. Funds are provided 
to field test and deploy passenger screening, carry-on baggage 
screening, checkpoint reconfiguration, and electronic 
surveillance of checkpoints. Funds for checkpoint equipment 
maintenance have been consolidated into a new PPA line called 
screening technology maintenance and utilities. Funds provided 
under the passenger and baggage screener personnel, 
compensation and benefits PPA for airport employee screening 
pilots are eligible for activities funded by this PPA.
    The August 2006 plot to blow up commercial airliners over 
the Atlantic Ocean proved that new technologies are necessary 
to detect threats such as liquid explosives at airport 
checkpoints. The Committee supports funding for emerging 
checkpoint technologies, but is deeply concerned that TSA has 
failed to meet a direction in the joint explanatory statement 
of managers accompanying the fiscal year 2007 conference report 
(Report 109-699) to submit a strategic plan for deployment of 
checkpoint technologies. TSA has also moved slowly to deploy 
emerging checkpoint technology at airports. As of March 31, 
2007, over $176,000,000 remains unobligated, over 75 percent of 
TSA's total obligational authority for checkpoint support for 
fiscal year 2007. The Committee withholds $20,000,000 from TSA 
Headquarters Administration until the strategic plan required 
by the joint explanatory statement of managers accompanying the 
fiscal year 2007 conference report (Report 109-699) is 
submitted to the Committee.

                      EXPLOSIVES DETECTION SYSTEMS

    The Committee recommends $529,400,000, $89,400,000 above 
the request level for explosives detection system [EDS] and 
explosives trace detection [ETD] procurement and installation. 
The Committee remains concerned with the administration's 
commitment to this program. The request for fiscal year 2008 
reduced funding for procurement and installation by 17 percent. 
A recent baggage screening investment study by the Aviation 
Security Advisory Committee concluded that, ``without expedited 
capital investments, the life-cycle replacement requirements 
for initially deployed screening systems will impede 
investments in new optimal systems, slowing deployment of 
additional EDS equipment to additional airports and increasing 
costs.''
    Within the funds provided, up to $75,000,000 may be 
available to procure and deploy next generation explosive 
detection systems. Next generation EDS are potentially more 
efficient than the current generation of screening units and 
may demonstrate a significant improvement in installation, 
integration, and life-cycle costs when compared to existing 
systems. The Department should explore multiple technologies in 
this area. Within the context of the TSA Strategic Planning 
Framework, the Committee further directs TSA to give thorough 
consideration to the needs of medium and small airports that do 
not have certified EDS equipment.
    The Committee directs TSA to submit an expenditure plan no 
later than 60 days after the enactment of this act detailing 
procurements, installations, maintenance, and operational 
integration on an airport-by-airport basis for fiscal year 
2008.
    The Committee notes that funding made available through the 
Aviation Security Capital Fund as authorized by the Vision 
100--Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (Public Law 108-
176) expires September 30, 2007.
    The Committee is aware that while most airports completed 
installation of in-line EDS screening solutions either within 
or below the funding levels provided for under an existing 
Letter of Intent [LOI], there were also some airports where the 
current estimated final project costs significantly exceed the 
original project estimates. The Committee encourages TSA to use 
its existing authority to amend any such LOI to reflect the 
revised estimated costs that subsequently were validated as 
reimbursable prior to the date of enactment of this act.

                         OPERATION INTEGRATION

    The Committee recommends $25,000,000, an increase of 
$2,000,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level and the same amount 
proposed in the budget, for operation integration.

             SCREENING TECHNOLOGY MAINTENANCE AND UTILITIES

    The Committee recommends $257,000,000, an increase of 
$35,000,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level and a decrease of 
$7,000,000 from the level proposed in the budget, for screening 
technology maintenance and utilities.
    Consistent with the request, the Committee provides for the 
consolidation of maintenance funds for checkpoint support and 
explosives detection equipment into one PPA. The Committee 
believes combining the maintenance of all equipment under one 
PPA provides a more complete picture of all maintenance costs 
for equipment deployed throughout the Nation's airports.
    As of March 31, 2007, over $176,000,000 remained 
unobligated for deployment of emerging passenger screening 
equipment and related maintenance. Because TSA has been slow to 
make procurement decisions for checkpoint technology, the 
Committee recommends $30,000,000 for checkpoint technology 
maintenance funding, $7,000,000 below the request.

              AVIATION SECURITY DIRECTION AND ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $964,445,000 for aviation 
direction and enforcement, an increase of $4,000,000 from the 
fiscal year 2007 level and the request.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                   AVIATION SECURITY DIRECTION AND ENFORCEMENT
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                               enacted \1\     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Aviation regulation and other enforcement.................           217,516           223,653           223,653
Airport management, information technology, and support...           666,032           655,933           645,933
Federal flight deck officer and flight crew training                  25,000            25,091            25,091
 programs.................................................
Air cargo security........................................            55,000            55,768            65,768
Airport perimeter security................................  ................  ................             4,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Aviation Security Direction and Enforcement..           963,548           960,445           964,445
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $80,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

               AVIATION REGULATION AND OTHER ENFORCEMENT

    The Committee recommends $223,653,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for aviation regulation and other enforcement.

        AIRPORT MANAGEMENT, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, AND SUPPORT

    The Committee recommends $645,933,000, a decrease of 
$10,000,000 from the request. The reduction below the request 
is made due to high unobligated balances available for this 
program.

     FEDERAL FLIGHT DECK OFFICER AND FLIGHT CREW TRAINING PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $25,091,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for Federal flight deck officer and flight crew 
training programs.

                           AIR CARGO SECURITY

    The Committee recommends $65,768,000, an increase of 
$10,000,000 above the request, for air cargo security 
activities.
    The additional funds shall be used to deploy additional 
canine teams to airports with a high volume of air cargo and 
for equipment, technology, and other methods to screen air 
cargo.
    These funds build on the $80,000,000 included in the U.S. 
Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq 
Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28) to 
hire no fewer than 150 additional air cargo inspectors, 170 
additional canine teams, and screening technology to secure air 
cargo. The Committee fully expects the expenditure plan for 
those funds to be submitted, as required, no later than August 
30, 2007. A portion of the emergency supplemental funding was 
provided to complete air cargo vulnerability assessments at all 
Category X airports. The Committee directs TSA, no later than 
March 1, 2008, to brief the Committee on the results of the 
vulnerability assessments. The briefing shall identify 
vulnerabilities facing domestic air cargo operations, plans and 
resources necessary to ameliorate them, and a timeline for 
implementation.
    Based on a recent Government Accountability Office [GAO] 
report (GAO-07-660) on U.S. bound air cargo, several weaknesses 
and gaps exist to secure such cargo entering the country. By 
February 5, 2008, the Secretary is directed to submit to the 
Committee a detailed action plan for U.S. bound air cargo 
addressing each of the recommendations contained in the 2007 
GAO report . The plan shall include resources necessary to 
carry out such actions as well as a timeline for 
implementation.
    The Committee continues a general provision directing the 
Secretary of Homeland Security to: (1) research, develop, and 
procure new technology to inspect and screen air cargo carried 
on passenger aircraft at the earliest date possible; (2) 
require existing checked baggage explosives detection equipment 
and screeners be utilized to screen air cargo carried on 
passenger aircraft, to the greatest extent practicable, at each 
airport until such technologies are available; and (3) provide 
quarterly reports on air cargo inspection statistics, by 
airport and air carrier, including any reasons for non-
compliance with the second proviso of section 513 of Public Law 
108-334.

                       AIRPORT PERIMETER SECURITY

    The recently foiled terrorist plot to detonate fuel storage 
tanks and pipelines at Kennedy International Airport highlights 
the wide range of threats to the aviation sector. While TSA has 
focused primarily on passenger and baggage screening, security 
of airport perimeters, such as airfield fencing, access gates, 
and fuel storage tanks, remain vulnerable. In fiscal year 2006, 
the Committee provided $4,000,000 above the President's request 
for airport perimeter security pilots. Today, those funds 
remain unspent. The Committee expects these pilots to be 
competitively awarded in fiscal year 2007 and provides an 
additional $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2008 for further pilot 
projects. TSA shall also provide a report to the Committee by 
February 5, 2008, on actions taken to implement recommendations 
made in the April 2004 Government Accountability Office report 
(GAO-04-728), which identified weaknesses in airport perimeter 
security and made several recommendations to enhance security 
in this area.

                    SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $37,200,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      41,413,000
Committee recommendation................................      41,413,000

    Surface transportation security provides funding for 
personnel and operational resources to assess the risk of a 
terrorist attack on non-aviation modes, standards and 
procedures to address those risks, and ensuring compliance with 
established regulations and policies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $41,413,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for surface transportation security.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                         SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Staffing and Operations...................................            24,000            24,485            24,485
Rail Security Inspectors and Canines......................            13,200            16,928            16,928
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Surface Transportation Security..............            37,200            41,413            41,413
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

            HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRUCK TRACKING AND TRAINING

    The Committee remains supportive of the hazardous materials 
truck tracking and training program. No additional funding is 
recommended for the program due to the availability of 
unobligated balances to continue these activities in fiscal 
year 2008.

                             RAIL SECURITY

    The Committee recommends $16,928,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for the safety and security of the Nation's railways. 
The increase of $3,728,000 from the fiscal year 2007 level will 
support 100 rail inspectors and full operation of 82 canine 
teams, an increase of 45 teams from the fiscal year 2007 level. 
These inspectors are to conduct on-site inspections of transit 
and passenger rail systems to ensure compliance with minimum 
standards security directives and to identify coverage gaps. 
The Committee expects TSA Federal compliance inspectors to 
leverage existing TSA, Federal Railroad Administration, and 
Federal Transit Administration resources. The Committee 
provides additional funding for rail security in the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency's State and Local Programs and 
Science and Technology appropriations.

                         SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

    The Committee is cognizant of the disparity of resources 
between surface transportation security and aviation security. 
The Committee encourages TSA to utilize technologies, which 
would have the effect of force multipliers when considering the 
movement of goods and commerce on our rail and inland 
navigation systems.

           TRANSPORTATION THREAT ASSESSMENT AND CREDENTIALING

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................     $37,700,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      77,490,000
Committee recommendation................................      67,490,000

\1\ Includes a $2,000,000 transfer to Aviation Security pursuant to 
Public Law 110-5.

    Transportation threat assessment and credentialing includes 
several TSA credentialing programs: Secure Flight, Crew 
Vetting, Screening Administration and Operations, Registered 
Traveler, Transportation Worker Identification Credential, 
Hazardous Materials Commercial Drivers License Endorsement 
Program, and Alien Flight School.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a direct appropriation of 
$67,490,000, a reduction of $10,000,000 from the request. In 
addition, an estimated $82,601,000 in fee collections are 
available for these activities, as proposed in the budget.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                               TRANSPORTATION THREAT ASSESSMENT AND CREDENTIALING
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Secure Flight \1\.....................................            13,000            53,000            28,000
    Crew vetting..........................................            14,700            14,990            14,990
    Screening administration and operations...............            10,000             9,500             9,500
    Transportation worker identification credential         ................  ................            15,000
     (direct appropriation)...............................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
        Total Appropriations, Threat Assessment and                   37,700            77,490            67,490
         Credentialing....................................
                                                           =====================================================
Fee accounts:
    Registered Traveler Program fees......................            35,101            35,101            35,101
    Transportation Worker Identification Credential Fees..            20,000            26,500            26,500
    HAZMAT fees...........................................            19,000            19,000            19,000
    Alien Flight School fees \2\..........................             2,000             2,000             2,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total Fees, Threat Assessment and Credentialing.....            76,101            82,601            82,601
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes a $2,000,000 transfer to Aviation Security purusant to Public Law 110-5.
\2\ Fees transferred from the Department of Justice to the Department of Homeland Security pursuant to section
  612 of Public Law 108-176.

    The Committee recommends $28,000,000 for secure flight, 
$15,000,000 above the fiscal year 2007 level and $25,000,000 
below the request. Consistent with recommendations of the 9/11 
Commission, the Committee supports the development of an 
effective screening program that prevents known terrorists from 
boarding airplanes, but does not invade the privacy rights of 
U.S. citizens. Unfortunately, after more than 18 months 
``rebaselining'' secure flight, TSA has been unable to fully 
articulate the goals, objectives, and requirements for the 
program. The Committee notes that lifecycle cost information 
has been limited and spend plan estimates for the fiscal year 
2008 request have varied widely. The Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] has previously reported, on multiple occasions, 
that the Secure Flight program had not finalized its goals, 
objectives, and requirements or met key milestones. Therefore, 
the Committee does not provide the level requested in the 
budget. The Committee includes a general provision granting TSA 
transfer authority of up to $25,000,000 if it demonstrates 
significant improvement in the development of secure flight, 
including a review by GAO, consistent with its ongoing 
assessment of the program.

                              CREW VETTING

    The Committee recommends $14,990,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for continued evaluation and analysis of airline crew 
lists against watch lists and lost/stolen passport lists.

                SCREENING ADMINISTRATION AND OPERATIONS

    The Committee recommends $9,500,000, a decrease of $500,000 
from the fiscal year 2007 level, and the same as the level 
proposed in the budget for screening administration and 
operations.

                          REGISTERED TRAVELER

    The Committee assumes $35,101,000, as proposed in the 
budget, in fee collections to fully integrate the international 
and domestic registered traveler program.

            TRANSPORTATION WORKER IDENTIFICATION CREDENTIAL

    The Committee assumes $26,500,000, as proposed in the 
budget, in fee collections for the transportation worker 
identification credential [TWIC]. The Committee includes a 
direct appropriation of $15,000,000 for the TWIC program for 
card reader pilots.
    The Committee is disappointed with TSA's inability to meet 
statutory timelines for the deployment of TWIC. Over 
$99,000,000 has been appropriated for this program since fiscal 
year 2003. Yet, today, TSA still does not have a deployment 
plan, and schedules continue to slip. TSA missed the March 26, 
2007, target date to start program enrollments at the first 
port, and it now appears TSA will miss a mandated July 1, 2007, 
deadline to implement TWIC at the top 10 priority ports. This 
delay puts in jeopardy the goal of implementing TWIC at the top 
40 ports by January 1, 2008, and all other ports by January 1, 
2009.
    The Committee is also disappointed that the TSA request 
includes no funds to implement the deployment of transportation 
security card readers at five ports (to be determined by TSA), 
as mandated by section 104(k) of the Security and 
Accountability For Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347). 
Therefore, the Committee provides $15,000,000 to carry out that 
mandate. The Committee directs TSA to submit the schedule for 
deployment of the pilots, consistent with section 104(k) of 
Public Law 109-347, to the Committee on Appropriations and the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation no later 
than 60 days after the date of enactment of this act.

         HAZARDOUS MATERIALS DRIVER LICENSE ENDORSEMENT PROGRAM

    The Committee assumes $19,000,000, as proposed in the 
budget, in fee collections to conduct name and criminal 
background checks on an estimated 3.5 million hazardous 
materials commercial drivers.

                 ALIEN FLIGHT SCHOOL BACKGROUND CHECKS

    The Committee assumes $2,000,000, as proposed in the 
budget, in fee collections to conduct background checks on 
aliens and other individuals determined by the Secretary who 
present risk to aviation and national security.

                    TRANSPORTATION SECURITY SUPPORT

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $525,283,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     524,515,000
Committee recommendation................................     524,515,000

    The transportation security support account supports the 
operational needs of TSA's extensive airport/field personnel 
and infrastructure. Transportation security support includes 
headquarters' personnel, pay, benefits and support; 
intelligence; mission support centers; and training and 
information technology support for headquarters.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $524,515,000 
for transportation security support activities for fiscal year 
2008.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                TRANSPORTATION SECURITY SUPPORT--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  Fiscal year
                                                                 Fiscal year      2008 budget       Committee
                                                                 2007 enacted       request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Intelligence.................................................           21,000           21,000           21,000
                                                              ==================================================
Administration headquarters support and training.............          294,191          294,191          294,191
Information technology.......................................          210,092          209,324          209,324
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, Transportation Security Support.................          525,283          524,515          524,515
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              INTELLIGENCE

    The Committee recommends $21,000,000, as proposed in the 
budget, to continue liaison work between intelligence and law 
enforcement communities.

                             ADMINISTRATION

    The Committee recommends $294,191,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for TSA administration. The Committee has included bill 
language withholding the obligation of $20,000,000 of this 
amount until the checkpoint support strategic plan required in 
the joint explanatory statement of managers accompanying the 
fiscal year 2007 conference report (Report 109-699) is 
submitted to the Committees on Appropriations.

                         INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommends $209,324,000, as proposed in the 
budget, to support information technology.

                          FEDERAL AIR MARSHALS

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $714,294,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     722,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     722,000,000

\1\ Excludes $5,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.

    The Federal Air Marshals [FAMs] protect the air 
transportation system against terrorist threats, sabotage, and 
other acts of violence. The FAMs account provides funds for the 
salaries, benefits, travel, training, and other expenses of the 
program.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $644,173,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for management and administration; and $77,827,000 for 
travel and training of the Federal Air Marshals for fiscal year 
2008.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                              FEDERAL AIR MARSHALS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                               enacted \1\     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Management and administration.............................           628,494           644,173           644,173
Travel and training.......................................            85,800            77,827            77,827
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Air Marshals.........................           714,294           722,000           722,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $5,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                       United States Coast Guard


                                SUMMARY

    The United States Coast Guard's primary responsibilities 
are the enforcement of all applicable Federal laws on the high 
seas and waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United 
States; promotion of safety of life and property at sea; 
assistance to navigation; protection of the marine environment; 
and maintenance of a state of readiness to function as a 
specialized service in the Navy in time of war, as authorized 
by sections 1 and 2 of title 14, United States Code.
    The Commandant of the Coast Guard reports directly to the 
Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$8,559,202,000 for the activities of the Coast Guard for fiscal 
year 2008. In stark contrast to the President's ``current 
services'' budget for the Coast Guard, the Committee 
recommendation includes a significant increase above the 
request to address known vulnerabilities and shortfalls. 
Funding is recommended for additional port security inspectors, 
port security vulnerability assessments, long-range vessel 
tracking capabilities, and interagency operational centers for 
port security. These increases are consistent with the Security 
and Accountability For Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-
347) and the Maritime Transportation Security Act (Public Law 
107-295). Further, the Committee recommendation includes an 
increase above the request for security of certain dangerous 
cargoes.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                   UNITED STATES COAST GUARD--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                                 enacted       budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operating Expenses........................................  \1\ \2\ 5,477,65         5,894,295         5,930,545
                                                                           7
Environmental Compliance and Restoration..................            10,880            12,079            12,079
Reserve Training..........................................           122,448           126,883           126,883
Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements...............  \3\ \4\ 1,306,14       \5\ 949,281       \6\ 991,281
                                                                           5
Alteration of Bridges.....................................            16,000  ................            16,000
Research, Development, Test and Evaluation................            17,000            17,583            25,583
Health Care Fund (Permanent Indefinite Appropriations)....           278,704           272,111           272,111
Retired Pay (mandatory)...................................     \7\ 1,063,323         1,184,720         1,184,720
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States Coast Guard....................         8,292,157         8,456,952         8,559,202
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $90,000,000 in emergency appropriations transferred to the Coast Guard pursuant to Public Law 109-
  289 and a rescission of $25,595,532 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Excludes $505,000 credited to the operating expenses appropriation pursuant to Public Law 106-355 for funds
  received from the sale of lighthouses.
\3\ Includes $175,800,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes
  $30,000,000 in appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\4\ Includes rescissions of $102,793,508 from amounts made available in Public Law 109-90.
\5\ Includes a rescission of $48,787,000 from amounts made available in Public Law 109-90.
\6\ Includes rescissions of $56,787,000 from amounts made available in Public Laws 109-90 and 109-295.
\7\ Excludes $30,000,000 in mandatory appropriation pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Coast Guard will pay an estimated $272,111,000 in 
fiscal year 2008 to the Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care 
Fund for the costs of military, Medicare-eligible health 
benefits earned by its uniformed service members. The 
contribution is funded by permanent, indefinite discretionary 
authority pursuant to the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375).

                           OPERATING EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\ \3\........................  $5,477,657,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   5,894,295,000
Committee recommendation................................   5,930,545,000

\1\ Excludes $90,000,000 in emergency appropriations transferred to the 
Coast Guard pursuant to Public Law 109-289 and a rescission of 
$25,595,532 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Excludes $505,000 credited to the operating expenses appropriation 
pursuant to Public Law 106-355 for funds received from the sale of 
lighthouses.
\3\ Excludes $30,000,000 appropriated to address the patrol boat 
operational gap pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Operating Expenses appropriation provides funds for the 
operation and maintenance of multipurpose vessels, aircraft, 
and shore units strategically located along the coasts and 
inland waterways of the United States and in selected areas 
overseas. The program activities of this appropriation fall 
into the following categories:
    Search and Rescue.--As one of its earliest and most 
traditional missions, the Coast Guard maintains a nationwide 
system of boats, aircraft, cutters, and rescue coordination 
centers on 24-hour alert.
    Aids to Navigation.--To help mariners determine their 
location and avoid accidents, the Coast Guard maintains a 
network of manned and unmanned aids to navigation along the 
Nation's coasts and on its inland waterways. In addition, the 
Coast Guard operates radio stations in the United States and 
abroad to serve the needs of the armed services and marine and 
air commerce.
    Marine Safety.--The Coast Guard ensures compliance with 
Federal statutes and regulations designed to improve safety in 
the merchant marine industry and operates a recreational 
boating safety program.
    Marine Environmental Protection.--The primary objectives of 
the marine environmental protection program are to minimize the 
dangers of marine pollution and to assure the safety of ports 
and waterways.
    Enforcement of Laws and Treaties.--The Coast Guard is the 
principal maritime enforcement agency with regard to Federal 
laws on the navigable waters of the United States and the high 
seas, including fisheries, drug smuggling, illegal immigration, 
and hijacking of vessels.
    Ice Operations.--In the Arctic and Antarctic, Coast Guard 
icebreakers escort supply ships, support research activities 
and Department of Defense operations, survey uncharted waters, 
and collect scientific data. The Coast Guard also assists 
commercial vessels through ice-covered waters.
    Defense Readiness.--During peacetime, the Coast Guard 
maintains an effective state of military preparedness to 
operate as a service in the Navy in time of war or national 
emergency at the direction of the President. As such, the Coast 
Guard has primary responsibility for the security of ports, 
waterways, and navigable waters up to 200 miles offshore.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $5,930,545,000 for Coast Guard 
Operating Expenses, including $24,500,000 from the Oil Spill 
Liability Trust Fund and $340,000,000 for Coast Guard defense-
related activities. The Committee recommends $10,000 for 
official reception and representation expenses.
    The recommended amount is $36,250,000 above the request and 
$452,888,000 above the fiscal year 2007 enacted level. The 
Committee denies the request to transfer a portion of the 
Bridge Administration program to the Department of 
Transportation's Maritime Administration. The Committee lacks 
jurisdiction to enact such a proposal. Therefore, an additional 
$2,650,000 is recommended above the request to maintain this 
function within the Coast Guard.
    The Committee recommendation includes $12,000,000, as 
proposed in the budget, for the National Maritime Center 
consolidation.
    The Committee encourages the Coast Guard to use up to 
$3,600,000, subject to the approval of a prospectus, to begin 
planning and design of an expansion to the Coast Guard's 
Operations Systems Center [OSC]. The OSC develops, fields, 
maintains, operates, and provides user support for Coast Guard 
enterprise information systems. The OSC continues to experience 
steady growth in both the number of systems being developed and 
the number of people required to support those systems. 
Currently, 500 government and contractor personnel work at the 
OSC. The existing main facility space has been at capacity for 
3 years and it will not accommodate expected growth. The Coast 
Guard is in the process of putting employees in temporary 
trailers. Additional space on the existing facility will allow 
all employees to be located at the main campus and allow for 
anticipated growth. It is anticipated that the Coast Guard will 
work with the General Services Administration on this 
expansion.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                               OPERATING EXPENSES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Fiscal year 2007   Fiscal year 2008       Committee
                                                      enacted \1\ \2\ \3\   budget request   recommendations \2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Military pay and related costs:
    Military pay and allowances.....................           2,342,434          2,496,230           2,496,230
    Military health care............................             337,324            348,960             348,960
    Permanent change of stations....................             108,518            113,432             113,432
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Military pay and related costs......           2,788,276          2,958,622           2,958,622
                                                     ===========================================================
Civilian pay and benefits...........................             569,434            630,669             633,319
                                                     ===========================================================
Training and recruiting:
    Training and education..........................              83,556             85,593              85,593
    Recruiting......................................              97,320            100,955             100,955
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Training and recruiting.............             180,876            186,548             186,548
                                                     ===========================================================
Operating funds and unit level maintenance:
    Atlantic area command...........................             188,982            199,242             199,242
    Pacific area command............................             196,449            215,925             215,925
    1st district....................................              50,388             58,573              58,573
    7th district....................................              63,771             77,138              77,138
    8th district....................................              39,985             46,129              46,129
    9th district....................................              28,756             32,084              32,084
    13th district...................................              20,569             23,230              23,230
    14th district...................................              15,754             19,401              19,401
    17th district...................................              25,604             31,734              31,734
    Headquarters offices............................             255,253            271,914             271,914
    Headquarters managed units......................             125,104            131,153             131,153
    Other activities................................                 759             31,676              31,676
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating funds and unit level                 1,011,374          1,138,199           1,138,199
       maintenance..................................
                                                     ===========================================================
Centrally-managed accounts..........................             201,968            226,215             229,815
                                                     ===========================================================
Intermediate and depot level maintenance:
    Aircraft maintenance............................             265,979            295,950             295,950
    Electronic maintenance..........................             111,736            118,968             118,968
    Ocean engineering and shore facility maintenance             176,394            171,317             171,317
    Vessel maintenance..............................             156,620            167,807             167,807
                                                     -----------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Intermediate and depot level                     710,729            754,042             754,042
       maintenance..................................
                                                     ===========================================================
Port Security Enhancements..........................              15,000   ................              30,000
                                                     ===========================================================
      Total, Operating expenses.....................           5,477,657          5,894,295           5,930,545
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $90,000,000 in emergency appropriations transferred to the Coast Guard pursuant to Public Law 109-
  289 and a rescission of $25,595,532 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Excludes $505,000 credited to the operating expenses appropriation pursuant to Public Law 106-355 for funds
  received from the sale of lighthouses.
\3\ Excludes $30,000,000 appropriated to address the patrol boat operational gap pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                       PORT SECURITY ENHANCEMENTS

    The Committee recommendation includes $15,000,000 for port 
security enhancements. Building on funds included in the fiscal 
year 2007 Homeland Security Appropriations Act (Public Law 109-
295) and consistent with the Security and Accountability For 
Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347) and the Maritime 
Transportation Security Act of 2002 [MTSA] (Public Law 107-
295), this funding may be used to: double the frequency of spot 
checks at the 3,200 MTSA regulated facilities; conduct 
vulnerability assessments at high risk ports; conduct 
vulnerability studies; and develop a long-range automated 
vessel tracking system. Within 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this act, the Coast Guard shall provide an 
expenditure plan to the Committee for these funds.

                     SECURITY OF DANGEROUS CARGOES

    A key finding in a recent Government Accountability Office 
report revealed that the Coast Guard lacks necessary resources 
to meet requirements for protecting vessels and waterside 
facilities that contain hazardous substances. The report 
revealed that resource limitations include a shortage of boats 
and qualified personnel to carry out security requirements. The 
Coast Guard has warned that ``water-borne improvised explosive 
devices could be used in a Cole- or Limburg-like attack against 
cruise ships, petroleum or chemical tankers, busy public 
waterfront areas, or maritime critical infrastructure.'' Yet, 
the Coast Guard's request does not include additional resources 
to increase its presence and response posture. Therefore, the 
Committee recommends an additional $15,000,000 to enhance the 
Coast Guard's ability to enforce security zones, protect 
critical infrastructure, and provide high interest vessel 
escorts and boardings, especially considering the growing 
demand for Liquefied Natural Gas carriers and ports. Funding 
may be used to purchase small boats and associated crew, hire 
marine inspectors, and conduct required training in support of 
the Coast Guard's multi-mission responsibilities. The Coast 
Guard should consider the risk posed by all ``Certain Dangerous 
Cargoes'' when deciding how best to distribute this funding to 
ports. Within 90 days after the date of enactment of this act, 
the Coast Guard shall provide an expenditure plan to the 
Committee for these funds.

                         ACQUISITION PERSONNEL

    Consistent with the budget request and the need for both 
increased oversight and increased ability to manage multiple 
major acquisition projects, the Committee includes budget 
authority for Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements 
[AC&I;] personnel compensation, benefits and related support 
within the ``Operating Expenses'' [OE] appropriation to address 
acquisition personnel shortfalls and ensure good stewardship of 
major systems acquisition, such as the Integrated Deepwater 
Systems Program. By transferring AC&I; funding to the OE 
appropriation, personnel can be surged to and from AC&I; 
projects where needed and provide the flexibility to match 
competencies to core requirements. The Committee is also aware 
of an effort by the Coast Guard to conduct an independent 
workforce assessment of current competencies and staffing 
levels, including the need for future staffing requirements. 
The Coast Guard is directed to brief the Committee on the 
results of this assessment no later than 45 days after the date 
of enactment of this act.

                    LONG RANGE AIDS TO NAVIGATION-C

    The Committee denies the request to terminate operations at 
Long Range Aids to Navigation loran-C stations nationwide and 
directs the Secretary to refrain from taking any steps to 
reduce operations at such stations. The Committee understands 
that a group composed of officials from the Departments of 
Homeland Security and Transportation, and other Federal 
agencies met earlier this year and unanimously agreed that the 
United States should maintain the loran system. Therefore, the 
Committee assumes the continuation of funding for the loran-C 
program until the requirements detailed in the joint 
explanatory statement of managers accompanying the fiscal year 
2007 conference report (Report 109-699) have been met.

                     COMMAND STRUCTURE REALIGNMENT

    The Committee includes a base funding re-allocation to 
reflect the realignment of the Coast Guard's deployable, 
specialized units and teams under a single unified command. 
Under this unified command, deployable units, such as maritime 
safety and security teams, port security units, tactical law 
enforcement teams, national strike force teams, and the 
maritime security response team, will be better coordinated to 
fulfill existing maritime safety and security missions. The 
Committee notes that this reorganization is just 1 of 10 major 
realignment and transformation orders (i.e., Commandant Intent 
Action Orders) planned by the Coast Guard. No later than 90 
days after the date of enactment of this act, the Commandant of 
the Coast Guard shall submit a report to the Committee 
describing and assessing each of the 10 orders. The report 
shall include, for each order: (1) details on the problem that 
the Coast Guard is attempting to remedy; (2) the projected 
impact on mission performance, including sector and field unit 
levels; (3) the impact on Coast Guard personnel; (4) an 
assessment of the cost of implementation, including the 
adequacy of resources currently available and the fiscal years 
when additional resources will be needed; (5) an assessment of 
the Coast Guard's timeline for implementation; (6) legislative 
authority, if any, needed to implement each order; and (7) the 
potential impacts if some, but not all, of the 10 realignment 
action orders are implemented. No later than 120 days after the 
Coast Guard submits this report, the Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] shall submit a report to the Committee which 
assesses the Coast Guard's report. GAO shall review the data 
and analysis supporting the Coast Guard report and, where 
appropriate, the status of implementation.

                           POLAR ICEBREAKERS

    The Committee expects all costs to operate the polar 
icebreakers for National Science Foundation [NSF] research, 
including unanticipated maintenance, will be reimbursed by NSF.

                            COAST GUARD YARD

    The Committee recognizes the Coast Guard Yard at Curtis 
Bay, Maryland, is a critical component of the Coast Guard's 
core logistics capability which directly supports fleet 
readiness. The Committee further recognizes the Yard has been a 
vital part of the Coast Guard's readiness and infrastructure 
for more than 100 years and believes that sufficient industrial 
work should be assigned to the Yard to maintain this 
capability.

           QUARTERLY ACQUISITION AND MISSION EMPHASIS REPORTS

    The Commandant is directed to continue to submit the 
quarterly acquisition and mission emphasis reports to the 
Committee consistent with the deadlines articulated under 
section 360 of division I of Public Law 108-7.

                             BASE CLOSURES

    No later than March 1, 2008, the Coast Guard shall brief 
the Committee on progress to address base realignment and 
closure impacts on Coast Guard facilities. The briefing shall 
include an analysis of operational and financial impacts on the 
Coast Guard and a timeline for required changes.

             U.S. COAST GUARD ACADEMY PIER FOR USCGC EAGLE

    The Coast Guard shall submit a report no later than 
February 5, 2008, to the Committee on the current condition and 
the future intentions with respect to repair/replacement of the 
pier used to winter-berth the USCGC Eagle at the U.S. Coast 
Guard Academy. The report shall address: (1) the current 
condition of the pier with respect to the weight bearing 
capacity, hotel services, and height with respect to the 100 
year flood level; (2) available reasonable options for repair 
or replacement of the pier, along with necessary improvements 
to U.S. Coast Guard Academy facilities to accommodate the 
repair or replacement; and (3) the Coast Guard's intended 
timeline to conduct the necessary improvements to provide USCGC 
Eagle a safe and operationally adequate berthing facility.

                  OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RISKS

    The Committee encourages the Coast Guard to deploy a web-
based management system that will provide powerful tools to the 
Coast Guard for managing and minimizing occupational safety 
risks to personnel and risks to readiness. The Committee notes 
funds for this purpose were authorized by section 104 of Public 
Law 109-241 for fiscal years 2006 and 2007; however, the Coast 
Guard did not request funding for the program.

             MARINE VESSEL AND COLD WATER SAFETY EDUCATION

    The Committee encourages the Coast Guard to continue 
existing cooperative agreements and partnerships with 
organizations that provide marine vessel safety training and 
cold water immersion education and outreach programs for 
fishermen and children.

                     TECHNOLOGICAL NEEDS ASSESSMENT

    The Committee is concerned about the Coast Guard's capacity 
to respond to the U.S. Flag Territories and the Freely 
Associated States in the Pacific Ocean because of their remote 
and isolated locations. Therefore, the Commandant shall report 
to the Committee, no later than February 5, 2008, on the Coast 
Guard's current Maritime Domain Awareness capacity for the 
remote and western Pacific Ocean, including an assessment of 
additional remote sensing technology necessary to enhance this 
capacity.

                ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $10,880,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      12,079,000
Committee recommendation................................      12,079,000

    The Environmental Compliance and Restoration account 
provides funds to address environmental problems at former and 
current Coast Guard units as required by applicable Federal, 
State, and local environmental laws and regulations. Planned 
expenditures for these funds include major upgrades to 
petroleum and regulated-substance storage tanks, restoration of 
contaminated ground water and soils, remediation efforts at 
hazardous substance disposal sites, and initial site surveys 
and actions necessary to bring Coast Guard shore facilities and 
vessels into compliance with environmental laws and 
regulations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $12,079,000 for environmental 
compliance and restoration as proposed in the budget.

                            RESERVE TRAINING

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $122,448,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     126,883,000
Committee recommendation................................     126,883,000

    The Reserve Training program provides trained units and 
qualified persons for active duty in the Coast Guard in time of 
war or national emergency, or at such other times as national 
security requires. Coast Guard reservists must also train for 
mobilization assignments unique to the Coast Guard in time of 
war, such as port security operations associated with the Coast 
Guard's Maritime Defense Zone mission, including deployable 
port security units.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $126,883,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for Reserve Training.

              ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, AND IMPROVEMENTS

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\............................  $1,306,145,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \3\...............................     949,281,000
Committee recommendation \4\............................     991,281,000

\1\ Includes $175,800,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to 
section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes $30,000,000 in 
appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Includes rescissions of $102,793,508 from amounts made available in 
Public Law 109-90.
\3\ Includes a rescission of $48,787,000 from amounts made available in 
Public Law 109-90.
\4\ Includes a rescission of $48,787,000 from amounts made available in 
Public Law 109-90 and $8,000,000 from amounts made available in Public 
Law 109-295.

    Funding in this account supports Coast Guard plans for 
fleet expansion and improvement. This funding provides for the 
acquisition, construction, and improvement of vessels, 
aircraft, information management resources, shore facilities, 
and aids to navigation required to execute the Coast Guard's 
missions and achieve its performance goals.
    Vessels.--The Coast Guard continues to acquire multi-
mission platforms that use advanced technology to reduce life-
cycle operating costs.
    Integrated Deepwater Systems (Deepwater).--The Deepwater 
capability replacement project is a multi-year, performance-
based acquisition that will replace or modernize the major 
Coast Guard cutters, offshore patrol boats, fixed wing 
aircraft, multi-missioned helicopters and the communications 
equipment, sensors, and logistics systems required to maintain 
and operate them.
    Other Equipment.--The Coast Guard invests in numerous 
management information and decision support systems that will 
result in increased efficiencies, including Rescue 21, formerly 
the National Distress and Response System Modernization Project 
and the Automated Identification System.
    Shore Facilities.--The Coast Guard invests in modern 
structures that are more energy-efficient, comply with 
regulatory codes, minimize follow-on maintenance requirements, 
and replace existing dilapidated structures.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $991,281,000 for acquisitions, 
construction, and improvements, including $20,000,000 from the 
Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund. As requested in the budget, the 
Committee recommendation appropriates $80,500,000 for personnel 
and related support to the ``Operating Expenses'' account 
instead of the ``Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements'' 
account.
    The recommendation includes $770,079,000 for the Integrated 
Deepwater Systems program, $18,000,000 below the request and 
$275,793,000 below the fiscal year 2007 level. Consistent with 
the request, the recommendation includes a rescission of 
$48,787,000 from prior year balances for the Offshore Patrol 
Cutter. In addition, the Committee rescinds $8,000,000 from 
prior year balances for the Fast Response Cutter-A, due to 
delays in the development of a composite hull. The Committee 
reduces $5,000,000 from the request for the HC-130H conversion 
and sustainment program, and $5,000,000 from the HH-60 
conversion program, due to unobligated balances projected to be 
carried forward into fiscal year 2009. The Committee 
recommends: $9,200,000 for the Response Boat--Medium; 
$113,600,000 for major equipment programs, such as the 
Automatic Identification System, Rescue 21, and the National 
Capital Region Air Defense; and $37,897,000 for shore 
facilities and aids to navigation. Further, the recommendation 
includes an additional $60,000,000 for the establishment of 
interagency operational centers for port security, as 
authorized by the Security and Accountability For Every Port 
Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347).
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                   ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, AND IMPROVEMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                               enacted \1\     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Vessels:
    Response Boat--Medium.................................            24,750             9,200             9,200
    Special Purpose Craft--Law Enforcement................             1,800  ................  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Vessels...................................            26,550             9,200             9,200
                                                           =====================================================
Aircraft: HH-60 replacement...............................            15,000  ................  ................
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Aircraft..................................            15,000  ................  ................
                                                           =====================================================
Integrated Deepwater System:
    Aircraft:
        Maritime Patrol Craft.............................           148,116           170,016           170,016
        Unmanned Aerial Vehicle...........................             4,950  ................  ................
        HH-60 conversion..................................            49,302            57,300            52,300
        HC-130H conversion/sustainment....................            48,955            18,900            13,900
        HH-65 conversion/sustainment......................            32,373            50,800            50,800
        Armed Helicopter equipment........................            55,740            24,600            24,600
        HC-130J fleet introduction........................             4,950             5,800             5,800
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Aircraft..............................           344,386           327,416           317,416
                                                           =====================================================
    Surface:
        National Security Cutter..........................           417,780           165,700           165,700
        Fast Response Cutter (FRC-A)......................            41,580  ................  ................
        Replacement patrol boats (FRC-B)..................           126,693            53,600            53,600
        Patrol boats sustainment..........................  ................            40,500            40,500
        IDS Small boats...................................             1,188             2,700             2,700
        Medium Endurance Cutter sustainment...............            45,318            34,500            34,500
        Rescissions:
            Offshore Patrol Cutter........................           -20,000           -48,787           -48,787
            Fast Response Cutter-A........................           -78,693  ................            -8,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Surface...........................           533,866           248,213           240,213
                                                           =====================================================
    Other:
        Technology Obsolescence Prevention................  ................               700               700
        C4ISR.............................................            50,000            89,630            89,630
        Logistics.........................................            36,000            36,500            36,500
        Systems engineering and integration...............            35,145            35,145            35,145
        Government program management.....................            46,475            50,475            50,475
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Other.................................           167,620           212,450           212,450
                                                           =====================================================
          Subtotal, Integrated Deepwater System...........         1,045,872           788,079           770,079
                                                           =====================================================
Other Equipment:
    Nationwide Automatic Identification System............            11,238            12,000            12,000
    Rescue 21.............................................            39,600            80,800            80,800
    High Frequency [HF] Recapitalization..................             2,475             2,500             2,500
    National Capital Region Air Defense...................            66,510            11,500            11,500
    Defense Messaging System..............................  ................             5,000             5,000
    Maritime Security Response Team Shore House...........  ................             1,800             1,800
    Rescission............................................            -4,100  ................  ................
    Interagency Operational Centers.......................  ................  ................            60,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other Equipment...........................           115,723           113,600           173,600
                                                           =====================================================
Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation...................            22,000  ................
    Survey & design shore operational & support...........  ................             1,337             1,337
    Housing--Cordova, Alaska..............................  ................             7,380             7,380
    Rebuild Station Marquette.............................  ................             6,000             6,000
    Rescue Swimmer Training Facility......................  ................            13,300            13,300
    Rebuild Station and Waterfront at Base Galveston        ................             5,200             5,200
     Phase I..............................................
    Construct Duty Boating and Boat Maintenance at Station  ................             2,180             2,180
     Washington...........................................
    Waterways Aids to Navigation infrastructure...........  ................             2,500             2,500
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation...            22,000            37,897            37,897
                                                           =====================================================
Personnel and Related Support:
    Direct personnel costs................................            80,500           ( \2\ )  ................
    AC&I; core.............................................               500               505               505
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Personnel and Related Support.............            81,000               505               505
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, Acquisitions, Construction, and Improvements.         1,306,145           949,281           991,281
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes $175,800,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to section 520 of Public Law 109-295 and excludes
  $30,000,000 in appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Funding for personnel and related support is provided in the ``Operating Expenses'' account as requested.

                    INTERAGENCY OPERATIONAL CENTERS

    Maritime security depends upon unity of effort and rapid 
dissemination of information and intelligence. The Coast Guard 
has concluded that investment in information sharing 
capabilities, such as interagency operational centers, is 
critical to maritime security. Yet, only three such centers 
exist nationwide. According to the Coast Guard, ``U.S. maritime 
authorities are still hampered . . . by many gaps in their 
awareness--in their access to, and ability to share, fuse, and 
analyze large amounts of information regarding maritime 
activities.'' Existing Coast Guard interagency operational 
centers in Charleston, South Carolina; San Diego, California; 
and Hampton Roads, Virginia; have demonstrated this through 
improved collection and coordination of intelligence, increased 
information sharing, and unity of effort among the 
participating Federal, State, and local agencies. The Security 
and Accountability For Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-
347) requires the Secretary to establish interagency 
operational centers for port security at all high-priority 
ports by October 2009. However, the administration's request 
includes no funding for this purpose. Therefore, the Committee 
recommends $60,000,000 for the establishment of interagency 
operational centers for port security at locations to be 
determined by the Coast Guard. Within 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this act, the Coast Guard shall submit to the 
Committee an expenditure plan for these funds. The expenditure 
plan shall include: cost and location for each center planned; 
the schedule for operational stand-up of the planned centers; 
the number and names of participating agencies envisioned for 
each center; the number of personnel at each center requiring 
security clearances; and procedures for coordinating roles and 
responsibilities among the various agencies.

                         ACQUISITION PERSONNEL

    As noted previously under the ``Operating Expenses'' 
account in this report and consistent with the request, the 
Committee provides funding in the Coast Guard's ``Operating 
Expenses'' appropriation for personnel compensation, benefits, 
and the related costs of personnel administration for projects 
funded by the ``Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements'' 
appropriation.

                     DEEPWATER ACQUISITION PROGRAM

    The Committee includes a requirement for the Secretary to 
submit, within 60 days after the date of enactment of this act, 
an expenditure plan to the Committee for the Integrated 
Deepwater Systems Program, as specified in bill language.
    The Committee directs the Government Accountability Office 
[GAO] to continue its oversight of the Integrated Deepwater 
Systems program. GAO's review should focus on: (1) the 
expenditure plan requirements detailed in the bill; (2) the 
status of development and delivery of the major aviation and 
maritime assets of the program; and (3) the management and 
oversight of the program, specifically the Coast Guard's 
transition to the role of lead systems integrator.

                    VERTICAL UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

    The Committee is concerned that no funding is requested for 
the vertical unmanned aerial vehicle [VUAV] in the President's 
fiscal year 2008 budget request for the Coast Guard. The VUAV 
is intended to be an integral part of the enhanced capability 
provided by the National Security Cutter [NSC], the first of 
which is scheduled to be commissioned in fiscal year 2008. 
Launching from the NSC, the VUAV will greatly expand the 
surveillance coverage for the cutter.

                               RESCUE 21

    The Committee recommendation includes $80,800,000, as 
proposed in the budget, for Rescue 21. The Committee continues 
a requirement for the Coast Guard to continue briefings on a 
quarterly basis as detailed in the joint explanatory statement 
accompanying the fiscal year 2007 conference report (Report 
109-699).

                        CAPITAL INVESTMENT PLAN

    The Committee expects the Coast Guard to continue to submit 
a comprehensive capital investment plan each year at the time 
the President's budget is submitted to the Congress.
    The Committee directs the Commandant to provide to the 
Congress, at the time of the President's budget submission, a 
list of approved but unfunded Coast Guard priorities and the 
funds needed for each.

                         ALTERATION OF BRIDGES

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $16,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008x..................................         ( \1\ )
Committee recommendation................................      16,000,000

\1\ The administration proposed transferring authority for removal or 
alterations of obstructionary bridges to the Maritime Administration.

    Under the provisions of the Truman-Hobbs Act of June 21, 
1940 (33 U.S.C. 511 et seq.), the Coast Guard, as the Federal 
Government's agent, is required to share with owners the cost 
of altering railroad and publicly-owned highway bridges which 
obstruct the free movement of navigation on navigable waters of 
the United States in accordance with the formula established in 
33 U.S.C. 516. Alteration of obstructive highway bridges is 
eligible for funding from the Federal-Aid Highways program.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides $16,000,000 for the alteration of 
bridges.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                              ALTERATION OF BRIDGES
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Fiscal year  Fiscal year
                                               2007     2008 budget     Committee            Requested by:
                                             enacted      request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Elgin, Joliet, and Eastern Railway               1,000  ...........          2,000    Durbin
 Company Bridge in Morris, Illinois......
Fourteen Mile CSX Bridge in Mobile,              7,000  ...........          4,000    Shelby
 Alabama.
Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad            1,000  ...........          2,000    Harkin
 Bridge in Burlington, Iowa.
Chelsea Street Bridge in Chelsea,                3,000  ...........          2,000    Kennedy/Kerry
 Massachusetts.
Canadian Pacific Railway Bridge in               2,000  ...........          2,000    Kohl
 LaCrosse, Wisconsin.
Galveston Causeway Bridge in Galveston,          2,000  ...........          4,000    Hutchison
 Texas.
                                          -------------------------------------------
      Total..............................       16,000  ...........         16,000    ..........................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

              RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $17,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      17,583,000
Committee recommendation................................      25,583,000

    The Coast Guard's Research and Development program develops 
techniques, methods, hardware, and systems that directly 
contribute to increasing the productivity and effectiveness of 
the Coast Guard's operating missions. This account provides 
funds to operate and maintain the Coast Guard Research and 
Development Center.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $25,583,000 for the Coast Guard's 
research, development, test, and evaluation activities, 
$8,000,000 above the request.
    The President's budget proposes funding for Science and 
Technology (S&T;) to support composite hull technology research. 
This is intended to be a joint financial venture between S&T;, 
the Coast Guard, and industry. Within the funds appropriated 
for fiscal year 2008 for Coast Guard research, development, 
test, and evaluation activities, the Committee recommends an 
additional $8,000,000 be made available specifically for the 
Coast Guard's contribution to this effort.

                              RETIRED PAY

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  $1,063,323,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,184,720,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,184,720,000

\1\ Excludes $30,000,000 in mandatory appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.

    This account provides for the retired pay of military 
personnel of the Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve, members 
of the former Lighthouse Service, and for annuities payable to 
beneficiaries of retired military personnel under the retired 
serviceman's family protection plan (10 U.S.C. 1431-1446) and 
survivor benefit plan (10 U.S.C. 1447-1455); payments for 
career status bonuses under the National Defense Authorization 
Act; and payments for medical care of retired personnel and 
their dependents under the Dependents Medical Care Act (10 
U.S.C., ch. 55).

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,184,720,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for retired pay. The Committee includes new bill 
language making the funds available until expended. The 
Committee is concerned about inaccurate estimates for this 
mandatory program. As directed in Public Law 110-28, the Coast 
Guard shall continue to submit quarterly reports on the use of 
unobligated balances made available by that act, as well as 
updated estimates for fiscal year 2008.

                      United States Secret Service


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007....................................  $1,272,933,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................   1,395,271,000
Committee recommendation................................   1,392,171,000

\1\ Excludes a rescission of $450,000 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The United States Secret Service's salaries and expenses 
appropriation provides funds for the security of the President, 
the Vice President, and other dignitaries and designated 
individuals; for enforcement of laws relating to obligations 
and securities of the United States and laws relating to 
financial crimes; and for protection of the White House and 
other buildings within the Washington, DC, metropolitan area.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a new appropriation structure for 
the United States Secret Service, combining funds previously 
appropriated in ``Protection, Administration, and Training'' 
and ``Investigations and Field Operations,'' into a single 
account: ``Salaries and Expenses''.
    The Committee recommends $1,392,171,000 for Salaries and 
Expenses. The Committee recommendation includes an increase of 
$119,238,000 from the comparable fiscal year 2007 level and a 
decrease of $3,100,000 from the level proposed in the budget.
    The Committee continues to be concerned with the Secret 
Service's budget planning. In the past, the Secret Service has 
repeatedly sought additional funds for protection without fully 
considering reprogramming funds from other programs. With long-
term projected budget shortfalls and a tight fiscal 
environment, the Secret Service needs to prioritize its 
responsibilities and allocate sufficient resources for its 
required missions. The Committee anticipates the Secret Service 
will encounter unforseen expenses due to the presidential 
election in 2008 and urges the Secret Service to consider 
potential offsets within its budget for reprogramming should 
they be needed.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                       UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE SALARIES AND EXPENSES FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Fiscal year     2008 budget      Committee
                                                                    2007 \1\         request     recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Headquarters, management, and administration...................         169,370         175,934          175,934
Protection:
    Protection of persons and facilities.......................         651,247         696,635          693,535
    Protective intelligence activities.........................          55,509          57,704           57,704
    National Special Security Events...........................           1,000           1,000            1,000
    Presidential Candidate Nominee Protection..................          18,400          85,250           85,250
    White House mail screening.................................          16,201          26,601           26,601
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, Protection........................................         742,357         867,190          864,090
                                                                ================================================
Investigations:
    Domestic field operations..................................         236,093         219,742          219,742
    International field office, administration, operations, and          22,616          27,520           27,520
     train-  ing...............................................
    Electronic crimes special agent program and electronic               44,079          44,565           44,565
     crimes task forces........................................
    Support for missing and exploited children.................           8,366           8,366            8,366
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, Investigations....................................         311,154         300,193          300,193
                                                                ================================================
Training: Rowley training center...............................          50,052          51,954           51,954
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, Salaries and Expenses.............................       1,272,933       1,395,271        1,392,171
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes a rescission of $450,000 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                  PROTECTION OF PERSONS AND FACILITIES

    The recommendation includes $693,535,000, $3,100,000 less 
than the level proposed in the budget; $175,934,000 for 
Headquarters Administration; and $85,250,000, as proposed in 
the budget, for candidate nominee protection for the 2008 
presidential election.

                  FINANCING GROWING LIST OF PROTECTEES

    The United States Secret Service is authorized under 
section 3056(a) of title 18, United States Code, to protect a 
number of individuals, principally the President and his 
family. However, it came to the attention of the Congress last 
year that the Secret Service now protects several individuals 
not designated by section 3056(a) of title 18, United States 
Code. A general provision was included in the fiscal year 2007 
appropriations act (section 517, Public Law 109-295) stating 
that beginning in fiscal year 2008 none of the funds 
appropriated to the Secret Service were to be used for this 
purpose, without reimbursement. The Committee is dismayed that 
the administration again proposed to fund protection of these 
individuals within the Secret Service's resources. A provision 
has been included in the bill requiring the Secret Service to 
be reimbursed for protecting Federal officials not covered 
under section 3056(a) and the requested $3,100,000 has not been 
included in the Committee's recommendation. The Committee 
directs the Secret Service to seek reimbursement from the host 
agency of any Federal official it protects that is not covered 
by section 3056(a) of title 18, United States Code.

                       WHITE HOUSE MAIL FACILITY

    This year, the White House will spend $16,200,000 for its 
mail screening activities. Given that it receives 1.2 million 
pieces of mail each year, the White House spends an average of 
$13.50 per item. The budget proposes an increase of $10,400,000 
in fiscal year 2008 for new mail handling equipment for the 
facility it intends to open in the beginning of fiscal year 
2010. The Committee recognizes the need to assure each item 
sent to the President must not contain deadly chemicals or 
pathogens and supports the request; however, the Committee 
believes that there may be more cost-effective means of 
carrying out this task. The Committee directs the Secret 
Service to explore what efficiencies can be achieved by 
consolidating mail security functions with other governmental 
agencies and to report to the Committee on its findings before 
obligating any of these funds.

                          MISSION COORDINATION

    The Committee applauds the work the Secret Service carries 
out every day to protect our Nation's leaders and foreign 
visitors and assure the integrity of our currency. Over the 
years, the Secret Service has expanded its mission into other 
worthy law enforcement venues, such as electronic crimes, cyber 
forensics, and protecting non-section 3056(a) of title 18, 
United States Code protectees. The Committee directs the Secret 
Service to clearly articulate how its role compliments and is 
coordinated with the missions of other Federal agencies rather 
than to compete with them it its fiscal year 2009 budget 
justification.

                     MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN

    As requested by the President, the Committee provides 
$2,366,000 for the Secret Service's forensic support costs, and 
provides $6,000,000, to remain available until expended, for 
activities related to investigations of exploited children.

     ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007....................................      $3,725,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................       3,725,000
Committee recommendation................................       3,725,000

    This appropriation provides funding for security upgrades 
of existing facilities; to continue development of the current 
Master Plan; to maintain and renovate existing facilities, 
including the James J. Rowley Training Center [Center]; and to 
ensure efficient and full utilization of the Center.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,725,000, as 
proposed in the budget, for acquisition, construction, repair, 
and improvement expenses of the Secret Service for fiscal year 
2008.

                               TITLE III

            PROTECTION, PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY

    The Post-Katrina Reform Act of 2006, title VI of the fiscal 
year 2007 Homeland Security Appropriations Act (Public Law 109-
295), reorganized the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
[FEMA], the Preparedness Directorate, and part of Science and 
Technology. The act created the Office of Health Affairs 
[OHA]--which contains the medical and biodefense activities of 
the former Preparedness Directorate and Science and Technology. 
FEMA is reorganized to contain legacy FEMA and the preparedness 
related activities, including State and local grants. The 
Department also exercised its authority under section 872 of 
the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-296) to 
create the National Protection and Programs Directorate [NPPD], 
which contains the infrastructure related activities of the 
former Preparedness Directorate, communications activities from 
Science and Technology, and the United States Visitor and 
Immigrant Status Indicator Technology program. The new 
structure is reflected in the fiscal year 2008 President's 
budget request and the Committee recommendations. Further 
descriptions of each component are provided in summaries that 
follow.

              National Protection and Programs Directorate

    The National Protection and Programs Directorate aims to 
foster better integration of national approaches between 
strategic homeland security programs, facilitate infrastructure 
protection, ensure broad emergency communications capabilities, 
integrated risk management, and identity safeguards for 
visitors to this country.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                  NATIONAL PROTECTION AND PROGRAMS DIRECTORATE
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year      2008 budget       Committee
                                                                   2007 \1\         request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Management and Administration................................           37,812           46,290           30,000
Infrastructure Protection and Information Security...........      \2\ 533,995          538,277          527,099
    Management and Administration............................       \3\ 54,580  ...............  ...............
    Infrastructure Protection................................          227,143          240,116          252,110
    Cyber security...........................................           92,000           97,688           92,000
    Office of Emergency Communications.......................           17,000           35,700           45,915
    National Security Emergency Preparedness Telecoms........          143,272          164,773          137,074
US VISIT.....................................................          362,494          462,000          362,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total National Protection and Programs Directorate.....          934,301        1,046,567          919,099
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to the reorganization notification of January 18, 2007.
\2\ Excludes $24,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ Excludes a rescission of $968,211 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                     MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................     $37,812,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      46,290,000
Committee Recommendation................................      30,000,000

\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to the fiscal year 2007 
reorganization.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    This account funds salaries and expenses for the Office of 
the Under Secretary, which oversees all activities of the 
National Protection and Programs Directorate [NPPD]. This 
account also funds business operations and information 
technology support services, and facility expenses.

                              USE OF FUNDS

    The Committee is dismayed by ongoing discoveries of how the 
Preparedness Directorate, and now the National Protection and 
Programs Directorate [NPPD], have used appropriated funds. 
Funds for programs are requested of Congress by the 
administration. Congress receives and reviews information 
provided by the administration to justify appropriations, then 
decides what programs to fund and what programs not to fund. 
However, Congress recognizes some flexibility is needed in the 
appropriations law to better serve the public and has provided 
reprogramming authority in this and prior acts.
    The former Preparedness Directorate and now NPPD have 
disregarded this process. The budget submission is 
incomprehensible, information is unattainable, budgeted numbers 
are suspect, authorities used to execute certain activities are 
unclear, and through it all, there has been a series of 
discoveries of funds being used for purposes other than those 
for which they were appropriated.
    Despite specific direction from the Committees on 
Appropriations in Conference Report 109-699 for Infrastructure 
Protection and Information Security [IPIS] to align its request 
with operational divisions and programs, nearly the entire 
appropriation has been folded into a single program, project, 
and activity line within the request. Obfuscation rather than 
elucidation appears to be the goal of the justification and 
program structure. Therefore, the Committee recommends 
$30,000,000 for Management and Administration, a reduction of 
$16,290,000 from the request. Further, the Committee includes 
bill language withholding $15,000,000 from obligation for 
Management and Administration until the Committee on 
Appropriations receives and approves an expenditure plan for 
all NPPD accounts that has been reviewed by the Government 
Accountability Office [GAO].
    The Committee directs GAO to expand its investigation of 
Preparedness ``shared services'' that drew heavily upon IPIS 
resources in fiscal year 2006 to look at other potential misuse 
of funds, including funds redirected to the United States 
Secret Service to establish a cyber-crime center and use of 
funds to expand the work for chemical site security activities. 
The Committee has no prejudice toward these activities so much 
as the Directorate's means of securing the resources from other 
activities. GAO should also provide an assessment of legal 
opinions the Directorate has received as part of its 
justification for use of funds and initiating activities.
    The Committee understands that the constant reorganizations 
at IPIS have contributed to the difficulties of the financial 
managers. A general provision has been included prohibiting the 
use of funds for reorganizations in fiscal year 2008 so that 
agencies, such as NPPD, can gain their bearings. The Committee 
urges the Department to work with the President to name a new 
Under Secretary for NPPD as quickly as possible to provide the 
leadership this directorate so desperately needs. Also, the 
Department should work to fill NPPD's budget office vacancies 
expeditiously with skilled staff. Without new direction from 
the top and robust control of resources, this directorate and 
the many fine individuals who work within it will never succeed 
in their vital mission. Finally, the Committee expects the 
fiscal year 2009 request to be timely, readable, and useful.

                           GENERAL REDUCTION

    The Committee recommends a general reduction of 5 percent 
across NPPD accounts, unless otherwise noted, due to poor 
justification of programs and concern that the funds are not 
being executed properly.

           INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION AND INFORMATION SECURITY

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\ \3\........................    $533,995,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     538,277,000
Committee recommendation................................     527,099,000

\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to the reorganization 
notification of January 18, 2007.
\2\ Excludes $24,000,000 of emergency appropriations for enforcement of 
chemical security standards and interoperability technical assistance 
pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ Excludes a rescission of $968,211 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    Infrastructure Protection and Information Security [IPIS] 
assists the entities and people responsible for securing the 
Nation's critical infrastructure assets. In addition, IPIS 
works collaboratively with public, private, and international 
entities to secure cyberspace and U.S. cyber assets, and reduce 
the vulnerability of the Nation's telecommunications and 
information technology infrastructures.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total appropriations of 
$527,099,000 for Infrastructure Protection and Information 
Security [IPIS] programs.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                               INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION AND INFORMATION SECURITY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Fiscal year
                                                                  2007 enacted     Fiscal year      Committee
                                                                     \1\ \2\       2008 budget   recommendations
                                                                                     request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Management and Administration..................................      \3\ 54,580  ..............  ...............
Infrastructure Protection......................................         227,143         240,116          252,110
    Identification and Analysis................................          69,064          68,970           74,522
    Coordination and Information Sharing.......................          80,772          57,821           54,930
    Mitigation Programs........................................          74,991         108,793          118,353
    Risk Analysis..............................................           2,316           4,532            4,305
Cyber Security.................................................          92,000          97,688           92,000
Office of Emergency Communications.............................          17,000          35,700           45,915
National Security Emergency Preparedness Telecoms..............         143,272         164,773          137,074
    Priority Telecoms..........................................         105,568          82,821           78,680
    Next Generation Networks...................................          14,080          52,064           30,000
    Programs to Study and Enhance Telecoms.....................          14,125          16,733           15,896
    Critical Infrastructure Protection.........................           8,341          10,905           10,360
    Risk Analysis..............................................           1,158           2,250            2,138
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, Infrastructure Protection and Information Security         533,995         538,277          527,099
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to the reorganization notification of January 18, 2007.
\2\ Excludes $24,000,000 of emergency appropriations for enforcement of chemical security standards and
  interoperability technical assistance pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ Excludes a rescission of $968,211 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                         CHEMICAL SITE SECURITY

    The Committee recommends $40,000,000, an increase of 
$15,000,000 from the budget request, for chemical site security 
programs. For years, the administration was slow to embrace the 
need to set standards of security for chemical facilities. In 
the fiscal year 2007 Department of Homeland Security 
Appropriations Act, Congress mandated such standards. The 
Committee compliments the Department for its expeditious 
development and release of chemical site security regulations, 
which will greatly aid the Nation in its efforts to prevent its 
chemical facilities from being used as weapons of mass 
destruction. Unfortunately, the requested resources for 
implementation of this rule will not be sufficient to initiate 
a robust program and have been increased accordingly. 
Clarification of congressional intent regarding preemption of 
State regulations is discussed in the general provisions 
section of this report.

         NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS CENTER

    The Committee recommends $25,000,000, an increase of 
$8,979,000 from the budget request, for the National 
Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center [NISAC]. The 
Committee expects Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories, 
located in New Mexico, to continue to develop NISAC and to be 
the lead entities in this initiative to secure the Nation's 
critical infrastructure (Requested by: Domenici).

                           BOMBING PREVENTION

    The Committee recommends $6,143,000 for the Office for 
Bombing Prevention, as requested in the budget. The Committee 
believes that terrorists may export the bombing tactics they 
have developed in Iraq and around the world to the United 
States. The time to plan for and work toward preventing these 
attacks is now. The administration has quietly released 
Homeland Security Presidential Directive-19, aimed to establish 
and develop a national strategy and implementation plan on the 
prevention and detection of, protection against, and response 
to terrorist use of explosives in the United States. Given 
these facts, the Committee is surprised and disappointed that 
the Department has disregarded its direction to develop and 
submit to the Committee by February 8, 2007, a national 
strategy for bombing prevention (Senate Report 109-273). The 
Committee directs the Department to submit this report as soon 
as possible.
    In addition, the Committee directs the Office for Bombing 
Prevention, within 180 days of the date of enactment of this 
act, to report to the Committee on the bombing prevention 
capabilities of all State and local bomb squads, SWAT, public 
safety dive teams, and explosives detection canine teams. Up to 
$100,000 is provided for this purpose.

                      SUBTERRANEAN INFRASTRUCTURE

    The Committee encourages the Department to make progress 
with regards to securing America's critical subterranean 
infrastructure. Much of what allows this Nation to operate goes 
unnoticed below ground, in the network of tunnels hidden below 
our streets, buildings, and parks. The pipes, wires, cables, 
and other infrastructure that run through these tunnels appear 
to rely on simple manhole covers for protection. The Committee 
encourages the Department to explore ways to secure this 
infrastructure.

                   NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE INSTITUTE

    The Committee is aware of ongoing activities at the 
National Infrastructure Institute, which continues to develop 
and apply best practices, creative ideas, and cost effective 
solutions that will resolve many of the complex issues facing 
the Nation since 9/11. The Committee encourages the National 
Protection and Programs Directorate to continue support to this 
organization.

                      INTEROPERABLE COMMUNICATIONS

    Between fiscal years 2004 and 2006, DHS awarded over 
$2,700,000,000 in grants to support interoperable 
communications expenditures through discretionary and formula 
grant programs. In addition, the Department of Commerce, in 
partnership with DHS, will award $958,900,000 by the end of 
fiscal year 2007 to acquire, deploy, and train on interoperable 
communications systems through the Public Safety Interoperable 
Communications Grant Program. The Committee is concerned that 
strategic planning has generally not been used to guide 
investments and no national plan is in place to coordinate 
investments across States. In its own baseline assessment and 
scorecard efforts, DHS has found that interoperable 
communications equipment is only as effective as the governance 
structure, planning, operating procedures, and training 
programs within which it is used. The Department should work 
expeditiously in these areas to ensure that Federal investments 
are maximized.
    The Committee provides $24,000,000 for Interoperable 
Communications Integration and Technical Assistance Services, 
an increase of $12,000,000 from the budget request. The 
Committee recognizes that one of the most important roles NPPD 
may play is to provide technical assistance to State and local 
entities working toward emergency communications 
interoperability.

           WIRELESS PRIORITY SERVICE/NEXT GENERATION NETWORK

    The Committee notes the administration is seeking to nearly 
quadruple the resources going toward the Next Generation 
Networks in fiscal year 2008. The program growth is not well 
justified and the Committee recommends $30,000,000 for a 
reduced, but still substantial, expansion of this program.

    UNITED STATES VISITOR AND IMMIGRANT STATUS INDICATOR TECHNOLOGY

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $362,494,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     462,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     362,000,000

    The United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator 
Technology [US VISIT] account funds the development of a system 
to collect, maintain, and share appropriate information through 
an integrated information technology system, which determines 
the eligibility of aliens for admissions and benefits.
    The US VISIT program office has lead responsibility within 
the Department of Homeland Security to work with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation [FBI] on the further integration of the 
Automated Biometric Identification System [IDENT] and the FBI's 
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System [IAFIS].

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $362,000,000, to remain available 
until expended, for the United States Visitor and Immigrant 
Status Indicator Technology [US VISIT].

    UNIQUE IDENTITY (FORMERLY IDENT/IAFIS INTEGRATION AND 10-PRINT 
                              TRANSITION)

    Since the creation of the Department, this Committee has 
strongly supported and encouraged real-time interoperability 
between the IDENT and IAFIS biometric databases and transition 
to capturing 10 fingerprints of all visitors. The Committee is 
pleased that significant and aggressive progress has been made 
on both of these fronts and has provided full funding of 
$228,000,000 for Unique Identity, including the proposed 
enhancements, as requested in the budget. The Committee directs 
the US VISIT program office to continue aggressively pursuing 
this issue and to continue providing quarterly briefings on 
progress being made on Unique Identity.

              US VISIT--DEPARTMENTAL DITHERING ON ``EXIT''

    The US VISIT program office has made significant progress 
in standing up and operating an ``entry'' capability at all 
ports of entry on time and without major interruptions in 
legitimate travel, as well as major movement in developing 
Unique Identity. However, the Committee is deeply disappointed 
that the Department has achieved no tangible progress on 
instituting an ``exit'' capacity in over 4 years. In May 2007, 
the Department ceased operating the severely limited ``exit'' 
pilots that had been running at select airports and seaports, 
with the promise that the airlines would be brought into the 
``exit'' process. However, the Department has lost all 
credibility in this area and the Committee is skeptical that 
this approach will be followed through with any more commitment 
than has been shown to an ``exit'' capability so far. In the 
meantime, the Department has no clear idea of who is exiting 
the country.
    It appears as though the senior leadership at the 
Department, especially the Deputy Secretary, is closing its 
eyes to the need, and legal requirements in the Intelligence 
Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-
458), and other laws, for an ``exit'' capability at all ports 
of entry and wishing it would just go away. Absent a 
functioning ``exit'' system, there will never be true control 
of our borders. We will not know whether people have overstayed 
their time-limited visas, thus overstaying their welcome in our 
country. And limited law enforcement resources will continue to 
be expended to track down people who may already have self-
deported, only we did not know it because we lacked the 
knowledge provided by ``exit''.
    Congress has appropriated over $1,700,000,000 to US VISIT 
since fiscal year 2003. It has also approved all reprogramming 
requests. Oddly, however, it seems as though the Department 
does not want to spend the funds it has requested. For 
instance, because of the complexity of developing a major 
information technology program such as US VISIT, the Congress 
has required the submission of expenditure plans, which are 
reviewed both by the Office of Management and Budget as well as 
the independent Government Accountability Office.
    The fiscal year 2006 US VISIT funds were made available in 
October 2005, yet the expenditure plan was not submitted to the 
Committee until August 2006, 11 months into the fiscal year. 
Similarly, the fiscal year 2007 expenditure plan was not 
submitted until March 20, 2007, 6 months into the fiscal year. 
And that plan does not meet two legislative requirements 
mandated in the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations 
Act, 2007 (Public Law 109-295), in that it does not include a 
comprehensive strategic plan for US VISIT nor a complete 
schedule for the full implementation of a biometric exit 
program. This Committee wants a comprehensive US VISIT program 
to be a success. Congress can legislate, mandate, cajole, and 
complain, but, to date, it has been to no avail. Therefore, 
given the Department's lack of committment to the program, and 
the program's large unobligated balances, the Committee 
provides $100,000,000 less than requested in the budget for US 
VISIT.

                            EXPENDITURE PLAN

    The Committee includes bill language making $100,000,000 
available for obligation upon approval of a comprehensive plan 
from the Secretary of Homeland Security for the US VISIT 
program.

                        Office of Health Affairs

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\............................     $99,298,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     117,933,000
Committee recommendation................................     115,000,000

\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to the reorganization 
notification of January 18, 2007.
\2\ Excludes $8,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                SUMMARY

    The Office of Health Affairs, headed by the Chief Medical 
Officer who also serves as the Assistant Secretary for Health 
Affairs, leads the Department on medical issues related to 
natural and man-made disasters; serves as the principal advisor 
to the Secretary on medical and public health issues; 
coordinates biodefense activities within the Department; and 
serves as the Department's primary contact with other 
Departments and State, local, and tribal governments on medical 
and public health issues.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                            OFFICE OF HEALTH AFFAIRS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                   Fiscal year
                                                                   Fiscal year     2008 budget      Committee
                                                                  2007 enacted       request     recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chief Medical Officer..........................................           4,980  ..............  ...............
Biowatch.......................................................          78,120          79,108           79,108
National Biosurveillence Integration System....................           8,000           8,000            8,000
Rapidly Deployable Chemical Detection System...................           2,600           2,600            2,600
Planning and Coordination......................................  ..............           4,475            4,475
Salaries and Expenses..........................................           5,598          23,750           20,817
                                                                ------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of Health Affairs..........................          99,298         117,933          115,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    The Committee recommends $20,817,000 for salaries and 
expenses, a reduction of $2,933,000 from the budget request. 
The Committee recognizes the Office of Health Affairs will 
quickly expand to manage its new responsibilities; however, the 
tripling of salaries and expenses in one fiscal year appears 
unwarranted and the request has been reduced accordingly.

                               BIOSHIELD

    The Committee recognizes DHS is the lead Department 
responsible for protecting the homeland, though other Federal 
departments and agencies have certain direct responsibilities 
where their expertise may make them better suited to lead. 
However, the Committee believes DHS continues to have an 
overarching responsibility to assure these other departments 
are performing their duties to protect the homeland. 
Specifically, the Department of Health and Human Services [HHS] 
has struggled with implementation of the BioShield program, 
perhaps to the point of discouraging companies from 
participating in the program and depriving our citizens of 
potentially vital medications in time of crisis. The Committee 
repeatedly alerted DHS of concerns it had about the BioShield 
program and asked for action, only to be referred to HHS. The 
Committee directs DHS to use its full range of authorities to 
promote and assist other departments should they not be able to 
fully perform their homeland responsibilities and to bring any 
deficiencies to the attention of Congress.

                                BIOWATCH

    The Committee is encouraged by the consolidation of 
biological detection efforts under the new Office of Health 
Affairs [OHA]. Early detection of pathogens, before they have 
infected and taken hold within people is critical to curbing 
any potentially catastrophic biological attack. The current 
generation of biological detection systems is both slow to 
alert and costly to operate. The Committee directs OHA to work 
closely with Science and Technology to expedite the deployment 
of BioWatch 3.

               HOMELAND SECURITY PRESIDENTIAL DIRECTIVE-9

    The recent events of accidentally tainted food imports from 
China, poisoning animals and people in this country, highlight 
the potential dangers of terrorists intentionally tampering 
with food and water supplies.
    According to the budget justification, the Office of Health 
Affairs [OHA] ``leads the Department's efforts to implement the 
administration's implementation plan items found in Homeland 
Security Presidential Directive-9 [HSPD-9]''. Given that only 
$800,000 and two full-time equivalents were requested to 
implement HSPD-9 responsibilities, the Committee expects the 
Department to leverage these resources with other activities to 
carry out its mission fully. The Committee urges continued 
cooperation between the Departments of Homeland Security, 
Agriculture, and Health and Human Services, and multi-state 
initiatives on joint preparedness and planning. The Committee 
requests that OHA provide a briefing before October 1, 2007, on 
the status of these efforts.

                  Federal Emergency Management Agency


                                MISSION

    The primary mission of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency [FEMA] is to reduce the loss of life and property and 
protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural 
disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, by 
leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, 
comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, 
protection, response, recovery, and mitigation.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$6,925,770,000 for activities of FEMA for fiscal year 2008.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                       FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Fiscal year 2007   Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                          enacted     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Management and Administration \1\......................       \2\ 535,200            667,600            678,600
State and Local Programs \3\...........................     \4\ 2,524,500      \5\ 1,696,000          3,030,500
Firefighters Assistance Grants.........................           662,000            300,000            700,000
Emergency Management Performance Grants................       \6\ 200,000            200,000            300,000
Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program............              -477               -505               -505
United States Fire Administration......................            41,349             43,300             43,300
Public Health Programs.................................            33,885             ( \7\ )            ( \7\ )
Disaster Relief Fund...................................     \8\ 1,500,000          1,700,000          1,700,000
Disaster Assistance Direct Loan Program Account........           \9\ 569                875                875
Flood Map Modernization Fund...........................           198,980            194,881            200,000
National Flood Insurance Fund..........................          (128,588)          (145,000)          (145,000)
National Flood Mitigation Fund.........................           (31,000)           (34,000)           (34,000)
National Pre-disaster Mitigation Fund..................           100,000            100,053            120,000
Emergency Food and Shelter.............................           151,470            140,000            153,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total............................................         5,947,476          5,042,204          6,925,770
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Reflects new account structure pursuant to the fiscal year 2007 reorganization and Public Law 110-28, which
  combines the former FEMA accounts of Administrative and Regional Offices with Readiness, Mitigation, Response,
  and Recovery and includes the Office of National Capital Region Coordination and Urban Search and Rescue
  Teams.
\2\ Excludes $14,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28 and a rescission of $450,000
  pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ Reflects new account structure pursuant to title VI of Public Law 109-295 and the reorganization
  notification of January 18, 2007.
\4\ Excludes $247,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28. Reflects a transfer of
  $12,000,000 to the National Protection and Programs Directorate for Technical Assistance and transfer of
  $5,500,000 from United States Fire Academy for Noble Training Center pursuant to the fiscal year 2007
  reorganization.
\5\ Budget proposal for $200,000,000 for Emergency Management Performance Grants is reflected under Emergency
  Management Performance Grants account.
\6\ Excludes $50,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\7\ Program transferred to Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to Public Law 109-295.
\8\ Excludes $4,260,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\9\ Excludes $320,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                             REORGANIZATION

    In fiscal year 2007, Congress approved a reorganization 
within the Department (Public Law 109-295, title VI), effective 
April 1, 2007, which expanded FEMA. The Committee's 
recommendations reflect the fiscal structure of that 
reorganization. The Committee concurs that combining 
preparedness, mitigation, protection, response, and recovery 
into one agency will further the Nation's readiness.

                   MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION \1\

Appropriations, 2007 \2\................................    $535,200,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     667,600,000
Committee recommendation................................     678,600,000

\1\ Reflects new account structure pursuant to title VI of Public Law 
109-295, the reorganization notification of January 18, 2007, and Public 
Law 110-28.
\2\ Excludes $14,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28 and a rescission of $450,000 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    Funding for Management and Administration [M&A;] provides 
for the development and maintenance of an integrated, 
nationwide capability to prepare for, to mitigate against, to 
respond to, and to recover from the consequences of major 
disasters and emergencies, regardless of cause, in partnership 
with Federal agencies, State, local, and tribal governments, 
volunteer organizations, and the private sector. M&A; supports 
FEMA's programs by coordinating between Headquarters and 
Regional Offices all policy, managerial, resources, and 
administrative actions.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $678,600,000 
for Management and Administration. The funds are to be 
distributed as follows: $426,020,000 for operations activities; 
$216,580,000 for management activities; $6,000,000 for the 
Office of National Capital Region Coordination; and $30,000,000 
for Urban Search and Rescue Teams.

                                        MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION \1\
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Fiscal year      Fiscal year
                                                                      2007         2008 budget      Committee
                                                                enacted      request     recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operations Activities.........................................      \2\ 219,000         420,020          426,020
Management Activities.........................................          282,000         216,580          216,580
National Capital Region Coordination..........................            2,741           6,000            6,000
Urban Search and Rescue.......................................           25,000          25,000           30,000
National Preparedness Integration Program.....................            6,459         ( \1\ )          ( \1\ )
                                                               -------------------------------------------------
      Total...................................................          535,200         667,600          678,600
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Reflects new account structure pursuant to title VI of Public Law 109-295, the reorganization notification
  of January 18, 2007, and Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Excludes $14,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                         OPERATIONS ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $426,020,000 for operations 
activities instead of $420,020,000 as proposed in the budget.

                          NATIONAL COOPERATION

    The Committee notes that State and local entities are 
important partners in national security and disaster response. 
Unlike the military chain of command, with one person 
ultimately in charge, homeland security relies on coordination 
among layers of Government. This presents unique and particular 
challenges, but also opportunities and economies of scale 
through coordination. Unfortunately, major documents that 
provide the guidance for a national strategy are not complete. 
For example, the interim National Preparedness Goal is not 
final, despite a Presidential Directive and a congressional 
mandate for it to be completed by December 2005. The National 
Response Plan update has been delayed and remains incomplete. 
These documents contain important guidance, such as the 
national planning scenarios and emergency support functions 
that support Federal, State, and local protection, 
preparedness, and response efforts. The Committee is supportive 
of collaborative processes; however, it has been nearly 6 years 
since 9/11 and 2 years since Hurricane Katrina. The Committee 
is concerned about the gross lack of urgency displayed by the 
Department. By leaving these planning efforts incomplete, the 
Department leaves our Nation at risk. The Committee directs 
FEMA and the Department to finalize these products and provide 
the needed leadership to ensure all Federal agencies and State 
and local entities are working together.

                         DISASTER PLAN GUIDANCE

    The President signed Public Law 109-295, the fiscal year 
2007 Homeland Security Appropriations Act, on October 4, 2006. 
The act contains a provision that requires the Department to 
issue guidance for State and local governments to take into 
account the needs of individuals with service animals and 
household pets into their local emergency plans before, during, 
and after a disaster. The Committee is dismayed that guidelines 
are not yet published and directs the Department to issue them 
without further delay.

                 FEDERAL AGENCY EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

    The Committee recognizes that all Federal agencies, not 
just the Department of Homeland Security and State and local 
governments, are important partners in national preparedness 
and response. The Committee directs FEMA, in coordination with 
agencies that lead an emergency support function as outlined in 
the National Response Plan or any succeeding document, to 
report to the Committee by February 5, 2008, regarding each 
agency's preparedness level to serve as the lead for the 
designated emergency support function. The report shall 
evaluate assets available, personnel trained, and plans 
developed and exercised.

                 MITIGATION AND PREPAREDNESS INCENTIVES

    The Committee notes that, according to the Multihazard 
Mitigation Council, on average, a dollar spent by FEMA on 
hazard mitigation saves the Nation $4 in future costs. The 
Committee also recognizes that when funding is saved through 
reduced property damages, lives are also saved. The Committee 
encourages FEMA to work with qualified organizations to propose 
incentives for State and local governments to focus on 
mitigation and preparedness through existing Federal programs.

                            HOST COMMUNITIES

    The Committee recognizes that, during a disaster, 
communities surrounding the impacted area quickly become hosts 
to disaster victims for an undetermined amount of time. The 
Committee directs FEMA to issue guidance to assist communities 
in planning to shelter and provide for the critical needs of 
evacuees of a disaster area.

                         MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommends $216,580,000 for management 
activities, as proposed in the budget.

                            REGIONAL OFFICES

    The Committee notes that regional offices serve as the 
backbone for FEMA's relationship with State and local partners 
and strengthen regional cooperation. Further, the Committee 
recognizes that title VI of Public Law 109-295, the Post-
Katrina Reform Act of 2006, codifies and expands FEMA's 
regional offices. Therefore, the Committee directs FEMA to 
fulfill the letter and intent of section 507 of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002 which creates robust FEMA regional 
offices. Further, the Committee encourages FEMA to promote 
regional interoperability by ensuring personnel who understand 
the technical and administrative issues surrounding 
interoperability are located in each FEMA regional office. The 
Committee directs FEMA to work with the Office of Emergency 
Communications to ensure this important expertise exists.
    The Committee is concerned about the Nation's capacity to 
respond to disaster victims in the remote areas of the U.S. 
Flag Territories in the Pacific Ocean. The Committee directs 
FEMA to analyze the regional all-hazard response capacity for 
this region and make recommendations as to how it might be 
improved.

                               WORKFORCE

    The Committee notes that FEMA is 45 percent below 
authorized full-time equivalent levels for fiscal year 2007. A 
workforce structure that can keep pace with the changing 
demands of the Nation is crucial for FEMA to be the premier 
emergency management agency. The Committee directs FEMA to 
continue aggressive hiring efforts and to fully utilize the 
$30,000,000 transfer from the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF] to 
hire 250 permanent staff in accordance with Public Law 109-295. 
The Committee recommendation includes authority to transfer up 
to $48,000,000 and 250 positions, for fiscal year 2008, from 
the DRF to support FEMA's continuing effort to professionalize 
and expand its permanent disaster workforce. The Committee 
cautions that its support for this effort is contingent on its 
success and positive results in the near future are necessary 
for continued Committee support.
    The Committee directs FEMA to take an aggressive approach 
with the training and professional development of FEMA 
employees. Further, the Committee still has not received a plan 
for Federal Preparedness Coordinators [FPC] and directs FEMA to 
not expend funds for FPCs until a plan is received and approved 
by the Committee. The Committee remains concerned the FPCs 
would duplicate efforts carried out by the Preparedness 
Officers who were transferred into FEMA with the grants 
program.

                   INFORMATION AND FINANCIAL SYSTEMS

    FEMA requires cutting edge technology. The Committee notes 
that FEMA's main data system, the National Emergency Management 
Information System [NEMIS], has components that predate 1998. 
The Committee also notes progress in beginning to update 
components of NEMIS such as the Document Management And Records 
Tracking System [DMARTS], and other systems such as Total Asset 
Visibility, and Integrated Public Alert and Warning Systems.
    Funds were provided in the U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' 
Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations 
Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28) to advance progress in systems 
updates. The Committee encourages FEMA to continue aggressive 
implementation of ongoing and new projects to ensure that 
technology is being used as effectively as possible to manage 
resources and information prior to, during, and after a 
disaster. An increase of $6,000,000, to be competitively 
awarded, is provided to complete DMARTS.
    In addition, the Committee expects that FEMA will maintain 
an innovative and up-to-date plan to ensure systems do not 
become antiquated or ineffectual. FEMA is directed to brief the 
Committee, no later than July 15, 2007, on the status of its 
information technology, including significant updates and 
unfilled gaps. Further, no later than February 5, 2008, FEMA 
shall submit a report to the Committee providing a 5-year plan, 
including resources needed, to ensure a cutting-edge 
information technology program will be sustained long term for 
functions including logistics management, contract management, 
procurement, and resource distribution such as grants.

                         DISABILITY COORDINATOR

    The Committee notes that funding was provided in the U.S. 
Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq 
Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28) for 
the Office of the Disability Coordinator. The disability 
community has unique needs that require attention prior to a 
disaster for more effective preparedness and response. The 
Committee expects that FEMA and the Department will vigorously 
support this office.

             OFFICE OF NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION COORDINATION

    The Committee recommends $6,000,000 for the Office of 
National Capital Region Coordination [ONCRC], as requested in 
the budget. Congress established the ONCRC to enhance domestic 
preparedness through cooperation of the Federal, State, and 
local governments in the unique environment of the National 
Capital Region [NCR]. The Committee believes it is critical for 
the multiple Federal, State, and local partners of the NCR to 
establish lines of authority and roles of responsibility for 
decisionmakers prior to a disaster. The Committee encourages 
the ONCRC to complete exercises for relevant disasters at the 
strategic level to clarify and establish leadership roles.

     NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION COORDINATION, PERTINENT AREA PARTNERS

    The Committee remains concerned that planning for 
evacuation of the National Capital Region [NCR] during a 
disaster has not incorporated all of the pertinent officials 
from the appropriate local communities and States in the 
decisionmaking process. Despite requests for such officials to 
be included by Congress and the affected States, the efforts to 
effectively incorporate professionals are lackluster. 
Therefore, the Committee includes bill language requiring 
inclusion of the Governors of the State of West Virginia and 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the NCR decision-making and 
planning process for mass evacuations. Further, the Committee 
again directs the Department to include officials from the 
counties and municipalities that contain the evacuation routes 
and their tributaries in the planning process.

                        URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE

    The Committee recommends $30,000,000, a $5,000,000 increase 
over the President's request to support the 28 existing Urban 
Search and Rescue Teams. The Committee notes that the second 
equipment caches, which were purchased with fiscal year 2003 
and 2004 funding, should be properly maintained and equipment 
should be replaced as needed to maintain full operational 
capability.

                        STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  $2,524,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \2\...............................   1,696,000,000
Committee recommendation................................   3,030,500,000

\1\ Excludes $247,000,000 in the emergency appropriations pursuant to 
Public Law 110-28. Reflects a transfer of $12,000,000 to National 
Protection and Programs Directorate for Technical Assistance and a 
transfer of $5,500,000 from United States Fire Academy for Noble 
Training Center pursuant to the fiscal year 2007 reorganization.
\2\ Excludes $200,000,000 proposed for Emergency Management Performance 
Grants, reflected under the Emergency Management Performance Grants 
account.

    State and local programs provide grants for training, 
equipment (including interoperable communications equipment), 
exercises, and technical assistance to improve readiness for 
potential disasters.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                            STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year      Fiscal year
                                                                 2007 enacted     2008 budget       Committee
                                                                     \1\            request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
State grants:
    State Homeland Security Grant Program....................          525,000          250,000          525,000
    Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention.....................          375,000          ( \2\ )          375,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, State grants.................................          900,000          250,000          900,000
                                                              ==================================================
Discretionary Grants:
    Urban Area Security Initiative...........................          770,000          800,000          820,000
    Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Grants................          ( \3\ )  ...............           50,000
    Port security............................................      \4\ 210,000          210,000          400,000
    Rail and transit security................................      \5\ 175,000          175,000          400,000
    Buffer zone protection...................................           50,000           50,000           50,000
    Intercity bus security...................................           12,000           12,000           12,000
    Trucking security........................................           12,000            9,000           16,000
    Commercial Equipment Direct Assistance Program \6\.......           50,000  ...............           40,000
    Metropolitan Medical Response System \6\.................           33,000  ...............           33,000
    Citizen Corps \6\........................................           15,000           15,000           15,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Discretionary Grants.........................        1,327,000    \7\ 1,271,000        1,836,000
                                                              ==================================================
National Programs:
    National Domestic Preparedness Consortium................          145,000       \9\ 92,000          145,000
    Noble Training Center \8\................................            5,500          ( \9\ )            5,500
    National Exercise Program................................           49,000           50,000           50,000
    Technical Assistance.....................................       \10\ 6,000            6,000           14,000
    Demonstration training grants............................           30,000  ...............           30,000
    Continuing training grants...............................           31,000            3,000           31,000
    Evaluations and assessments..............................           19,000           19,000           19,000
    Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium...................           12,000  ...............  ...............
    Management and Administration............................  ...............            5,000  ...............
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, National Programs............................          297,500          175,000          294,500
                                                              ==================================================
      Total, State and Local Programs........................        2,524,500        1,696,000        3,030,500
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Reflects new account structure pursuant to title VI of Public Law 109-295 and the reorganization
  notification of January 18, 2007.
\2\ Budget request proposes funding as 25 percent of State Homeland Security Grant Program.
\3\ Excludes $35,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\4\ Excludes $110,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\5\ Excludes $100,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\6\ CEDAP transferred to Discretionary Grants and Metropolitan Medical Response System and Citizens Corps
  transferred from National Programs.
\7\ Budget proposal for $200,000,000 for the Emergency Management Performance Grants is reflected under the
  Emergency Management Performance Grants account.
\8\ Noble Training Center transferred to National Programs from United States Fire Academy, pursuant to the
  fiscal year 2007 reorganization.
\9\ Noble Training Center funding request reflected in National Domestic Preparedness Consortium.
\10\ Reflects a transfer of $12,000,000 transferred to the National Protection and Programs Directorate for
  emergency communication technical assistance pursuant to the fiscal year 2007 reorganization and excludes
  $2,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $3,030,500,000 for State and Local 
Programs. The funds provided for State and local grants are to 
be used for purposes consistent with each State's homeland 
security strategy, including training and exercises; equipment, 
including interoperable communications equipment; and technical 
assistance; and may not, with certain exceptions, be used for 
construction activities.
    State and local assistance is for strengthening ``first 
responders''--police, fire, rescue, emergency, medical and 
other personnel--who are first on scene in the event of a 
terrorist attack, natural disaster or a catastrophic event. For 
purposes of eligibility for funds under this heading, any 
county, city, village, town, district, borough, parish, port 
authority, transit authority, intercity rail provider, commuter 
rail system, freight rail provider, water district, regional 
planning commission, council of government, Indian tribe with 
jurisdiction over Indian country, authorized tribal 
organization, Alaska Native village, independent authority, 
special district, or other political subdivision of any State 
shall constitute a ``local unit of government.''
    The Committee expects the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency [FEMA] to continue all current overtime reimbursement 
practices. The Committee continues bill language prohibiting 
the use of funds for construction, except for Regional 
Catastrophic Preparedness [RCP], Port Security, Rail and 
Transit Security, and the Buffer Zone Protection Program 
grants. Bill language is included, however, to allow the State 
Homeland Security Grant Program [SHSGP], Law Enforcement 
Terrorism Prevention Program [LETPP], and Urban Area Security 
Initiative [UASI] grants to be used for minor perimeter 
security projects and minor construction or renovation of 
necessary guard facilities, fencing and related efforts, not to 
exceed $1,000,000, as deemed necessary by the Secretary. The 
Committee notes the installation of communication towers, which 
are included in a jurisdiction's interoperable communications 
plan, does not constitute construction.
    For SHSGP, LETPP, RCP, and UASI grants, application kits 
shall be made available within 45 days after the start of 
fiscal year 2008. States shall have 90 days to apply after the 
grant guidance is issued, and FEMA shall act on an application 
within 90 days of its receipt. For SHSGP and LETPP, no less 
than 80 percent of these funds shall be allocated by the State 
to local units of government within 60 days of the State 
receiving the funds. The Committee includes bill language 
reflecting Puerto Rico's unique governance status.
    The Committee is supportive of the Department's efforts to 
evaluate applications based on risk and effectiveness. The 
Department should continue its efforts to evaluate SHSGP, 
LETPP, and UASI applications based on how effectively these 
grants will address identified homeland security needs. In 
those areas of the country where the risk is very high, the 
Department shall work aggressively to ensure these applications 
are produced in a manner in which appropriate levels of funding 
reflects the level of threat.
    The Committee includes bill language requiring the 
Government Accountability Office to report on the validity, 
relevance, reliability, timeliness, and availability of the 
risk factors, and the application of those factors in the 
allocation of discretionary grants to the Committees on 
Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
no later than 45 days after the date of enactment of this act.

                MAJOR PROGRAM TERMINATIONS OR REDUCTIONS

    Overall, the President's budget request reduces State and 
local grants and training programs from a fiscal year 2007 
level of $3,386,500,000 to $2,196,000,000. The Committee is 
disappointed that the administration proposes to cut State and 
local homeland security programs. The Committee notes that it 
is shortsighted to attempt to justify a cut of $1,190,000,000 
in first responder and other grants to States and cities by 
arguing $1,000,000,000 in interoperability grant funding is 
expected to be awarded by September 2007. This funding was made 
available by Congress as an enhancement to current Federal 
funding to address a known need and is not a substitute for 
fiscal year 2008 spending for police, fire, and other security 
efforts.
    According to the White House report, ``The Federal Response 
to Hurricane Katrina Lessons Learned'', ``We are not as 
prepared as we need to be at all levels within the country: 
Federal, State, local, and individual.'' The Department has not 
offered any data indicating that this has changed since the 
report was issued in February 2006. Additionally, grant 
applications for the State Homeland Security Grant Program, 
Local Law Enforcement Terrorism Preparedness Program, and Urban 
Area Security Initiative Grants totaled over $7,400,000,000 of 
which only 23 percent were funded. And yet, the President's 
budget request for the three programs combined in fiscal year 
2008 is a 37 percent reduction from the fiscal year 2007 level. 
The Committee recognizes that the Federal dollars are required 
to build the capacity and cooperation needed for this Nation to 
be ready when disaster strikes. Therefore, the Committee has 
restored the funding level of grant programs and provided some 
necessary increases.

                         MEASURING CAPABILITIES

    The Department claims to have a robust grant monitoring 
program based on the interim National Preparedness Goal (Goal), 
but over 1 year after the presidentially mandated and 
congressionally directed completion date of December 2005, the 
Goal is still not final. To date the Department cannot answer 
the questions listed in the interim Goal--``How prepared do we 
need to be? How prepared are we? How do we prioritize efforts 
to close the gap?''. It is essential that the Department move 
forward in establishing clearly defined measures of 
preparedness and their effectiveness.

                              REAL ID ACT

    The Committee is concerned that the President's budget 
fails to address the unfunded Federal mandate imposed upon 
States by the REAL ID Act. The National Governor's Association, 
National Conference of State Legislatures, and the American 
Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators jointly estimate 
that it will cost States $11,000,000,000 over 5 years to 
implement the REAL ID Act, which the President signed into law 
on May 11, 2005; the Department's own estimate is 
$23,000,000,000 over the next 5 years. And yet, the President 
has not requested any funding for REAL ID Act implementation at 
the State level. Further, $35,412,000, which Congress 
appropriated in fiscal year 2006, still sits in the Federal 
Treasury awaiting use for REAL ID Act implementation to protect 
our citizens.
    Allowing States to use first responder funding for this 
purpose is not a substitute for direct funding, particularly 
when the administration proposes to reduce such funding by 52 
percent. If the administration, and the Department, were 
serious about immigration enforcement and preventing terrorists 
from obtaining drivers' licenses, sufficient resources would be 
requested. On 9/11, 18 of the 19 perpetrators in the 9/11 
attacks had been issued U.S. identification documents, 
including State drivers' licenses. To date, according to the 
National Conference of State Legislatures, nine States have 
enacted legislation to withdraw from the program, which will 
result in citizens in those States being prohibited from using 
their drivers' licenses to gain access to Federal buildings or 
for airline travel. If the administration is serious about 
enforcing this law, the President should request funds to pay 
for it.

                              STATE GRANTS

    The Committee recommends $525,000,000 for State Homeland 
Security Grant Programs [SHSGP], and $375,000,000 for Local Law 
Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program [LETPP] grants. All 
funds above the amount automatically allocated to States and 
territories (in accordance with section 1014 of Public Law 107-
56) shall be allocated at the discretion of the Secretary of 
Homeland Security based on risk (as defined by threat, 
vulnerability, and consequences), and on cooperation of 
multiple jurisdictions in preparing domestic preparedness 
plans.
    The Committee expects the Department to continue to work 
closely with States on the implementation of Homeland Security 
Presidential Directive-8 to ensure that rigorous analysis is 
used in determining and assessing the unmet capabilities of 
State and local jurisdictions.

                          DISCRETIONARY GRANTS

    The Committee recommends $820,000,000 for UASI grants of 
which $20,000,000 is available for non-profit entities 
determined to be at risk by the Secretary.
    The Committee provides $50,000,000 for Regional 
Catastrophic Preparedness Grants. A gap remains in current 
Federal funding mechanisms to support regional efforts in 
homeland security. The U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, 
Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 
2007 (Public Law 110-28), provides funds to the tier 1 urban 
areas, and outlying areas to be selected by the Department, to 
address this issue for catastrophic events in urban areas most 
at risk. The Committee continues this initiative, that funds 
multi-jurisdictional efforts to provide regional approaches to 
catastrophic events, including mass evacuation. Therefore, 
$50,000,000 is provided for Regional Catastrophic Preparedness 
Grants. These funds are provided to connect risk to local 
planning, to further regional collaboration, and ensure public 
education. Grant guidance shall be issued with the State 
Homeland Security Grant Program and Urban Area Security 
Initiative Grants.
    Of the total provided for discretionary transportation and 
infrastructure grants: $400,000,000 is for port security 
grants; $400,000,000 is for rail and transit security grants; 
$50,000,000 is for Buffer Zone Protection Program grants; 
$12,000,000 is for intercity bus security grants for the 
improvement of ticket identification, the installation of 
driver shields, the enhancement of emergency communications, 
enhancement of facility security, and further implementation of 
passenger screening; $16,000,000 is for trucking industry 
security grants to continue the Highway Watch grant program; 
$33,000,000 is for the Metropolitan Medical Response System; 
and $15,000,000 is for Citizen Corps. The Committee expects the 
Coast Guard, Transportation Security Administration, and 
National Protection and Programs Directorate to provide 
operational subject matter expertise and to be fully engaged in 
the determination of grant awards, when appropriate. The 
Committee directs the Department to carefully consider the 
security needs of Amtrak in the allocation of funds.

             COMMERCIAL EQUIPMENT DIRECT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

    The Committee provides $40,000,000 for Commercial Equipment 
Direct Assistance Program [CEDAP]. The Committee directs the 
Department to award funding through CEDAP only if projects or 
equipment are consistent with State Homeland Security 
Strategies and the unmet essential capabilities identified 
through Homeland Security Presidential Directive-8.

                           NATIONAL PROGRAMS

    Included in the amount recommended is $294,500,000 for 
national programs. This amount includes $14,000,000 for 
technical assistance; $145,000,000 for the existing members of 
the National Domestic Preparedness Consortium, to be 
distributed consistent with the fiscal year 2007 allocation; 
$5,500,000 for Noble Training Center in Anniston, Alabama 
(Requested by: Shelby); $50,000,000 for exercises; $30,000,000 
for demonstration training grants; $31,000,000 for continuing 
training grants; and $19,000,000 for evaluations and 
assessments.

               NATIONAL DOMESTIC PREPAREDNESS CONSORTIUM

    The Committee recommends $145,000,000 for the National 
Domestic Preparedness Consortium, instead of $92,000,000, as 
proposed in the budget. This funding shall be distributed in a 
manner consistent with fiscal year 2007: Center for Domestic 
Preparedness in Anniston, Alabama (Requested by: Shelby); 
National Emergency Response and Rescue Training Center in 
College Station, Texas (Requested by: Hutchison and Cornyn); 
National Energetic Material Research and Test Center in 
Socorro, New Mexico (Requested by: Domenici); Academy of 
Counter Terrorist Education in Baton Rouge, Louisiana 
(Requested by: Landrieu); and National Exercise, Test, and 
Training Center of the Department of Energy in Nye, Nevada 
(Requested by: Reid).

                     DEMONSTRATION TRAINING GRANTS

    The Committee provides $30,000,000 for demonstration 
training grants. The Committee expects this to continue to be a 
peer-reviewed competitive grant program.

                       CONTINUING TRAINING GRANTS

    The Committee provides $31,000,000 for continuing training 
grants. The Committee is supportive of programs which 
consistently deliver homeland security curricula in the form of 
executive education programs and accredited Masters Degree 
education.

                       EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

    The Committee is concerned Emergency Medical Services [EMS] 
is not considered an equal player among the first responder 
community and encourages the Department to require States to 
include EMS representatives in State planning efforts.

                      INTEROPERABLE COMMUNICATIONS

    The Committee notes that the Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] found that much work remains to improve 
communication interoperability (GAO-07-031) and that, ``until 
DHS takes a more strategic approach to improving interoperable 
communications . . . States and localities are likely to make 
limited progress in improving interoperability.'' Further, 
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita proved once again that a 
comprehensive strategy is needed. The Committee directs the 
Department to report to the Committee no later than February 5, 
2008, on how it intends to develop and implement a strategic 
plan including the recommendations of the GAO report. The 
Committee also continues its direction that before grant 
dollars can be obligated by grantees for interoperable 
communications equipment, jurisdictions must certify to FEMA 
that they have an implementation plan that includes the 
following: governance structures; policies; procedures; 
training; and planned exercises. Additionally, the Committee 
directs FEMA to work closely with the Office of Emergency 
Communications in the National Protection and Programs 
Directorate to further interoperable communications prior to a 
disaster.

                              ELIGIBILITY

    The Committee urges the Department to work with State and 
local governments to ensure regional authorities, such as port, 
transit, or tribal authorities, are given due consideration in 
the distribution of State grants.
    The Department is encouraged to consider the need for mass 
evacuation planning and pre-positioning of equipment for mass 
evacuations in allocating first responder funds.

                     FIREFIGHTER ASSISTANCE GRANTS

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $662,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     300,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     700,000,000

    Firefighter assistance grants, as authorized by section 33 
of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 
U.S.C. 2229), assist local firefighting departments for the 
purpose of protecting the health and safety of the public and 
fire fighting personnel, including volunteers and emergency 
medical service personnel, against fire and fire-related 
hazards.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $700,000,000 for firefighter 
assistance grants, $400,000,000 above the request, including 
$560,000,000 for firefighter assistance grants, to remain 
available until September 30, 2009, and $140,000,000 for 
firefighter staffing grants, to remain available until 
September 30, 2008.
    The Committee directs the Department to continue the 
present practice of funding applications according to local 
priorities and those established by the United States Fire 
Administration; and to make $3,000,000 available for 
implementation of section 205(c) of Public Law 108-169 to the 
same grant applicants as in fiscal year 2007 (Requested by: 
Stevens).
    The Committee further directs the Department to continue 
direct funding to fire departments and the peer review process. 
Not to exceed 5 percent of grant funds may be for program 
administration.

                EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANTS

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $200,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \2\...............................     200,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     300,000,000

\1\ Excludes $50,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.
\2\ Budget proposes $200,000,000 under State and local programs, 
displayed for comparability.

    Funding requested in this account provides support to the 
Nation's all-hazards emergency management system and helps to 
build State and local emergency management capability.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $300,000,000 for emergency 
management performance grants [EMPG], an increase of 
$100,000,000 from the budget request.
    EMPG is an essential source of funding for State and local 
emergency management. State and local governments currently 
have productive relationships with the Federal Emergency 
Management Agency's regional emergency managers that are 
critical to maintain an all-hazards response capability. The 
Committee expects these relationships to continue.
    The Committee directs FEMA to retain EMPG as a separate 
grant program, and not to combine its funding with any other 
grant allocation or application process. Not to exceed 3 
percent of grant funds may be for administrative expenses.
    The Committee recognizes that the Emergency Management 
Performance Grants Program [EMPG] is the only direct source of 
all-hazards funding and a vital component of the Nation's 
preparedness and response capabilities. The Department's 
report, entitled ``Nationwide Plan Review'', demonstrates a 
clear need to update State and local emergency plans. According 
to the Department, 61 percent of States and 69 percent of urban 
areas do not have adequate plans to respond to a catastrophic 
event.
    The Committee notes that to be truly prepared, strategic, 
capabilities-based planning must be linked with operational 
planning. This will not only produce more effective and 
realistic operation plans at the State and local levels, but 
will also help ensure that investments in capabilities are 
addressing needs gaps in the operation planning process. This 
clarity and focus on planning is critical to improving the 
preparedness of the Nation to deal with the wide range of risk. 
As partners in emergency management, EMPG recipients and FEMA 
should ensure that Federal investments are maximized across 
jurisdictional boundaries. FEMA is directed to issue guidance, 
developed in coordination with State and local entities, which 
will modernize the emergency management planning process.

              RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................       -$477,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \1\...............................        -505,000
Committee recommendation \1\............................        -505,000

\1\ Fee collections are estimated to exceed costs.

    The Radiological Emergency Preparedness [REP] program 
assists State and local governments in the development of off-
site radiological emergency preparedness plans within the 
emergency planning zones of commercial nuclear power facilities 
licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission [NRC]. The fund 
is financed from fees assessed and collected from the NRC 
licensees to recover the amounts anticipated to be obligated in 
the next fiscal year for expenses related to REP program 
activities.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides for the receipt and expenditure of 
fees collected, as authorized by Public Law 105-276. The budget 
estimates fee collections to exceed expenditures by $505,000 in 
fiscal year 2008.

                       DEPARTMENTAL COORDINATION

    The Committee is concerned that the Radiological Emergency 
Preparedness Program [REPP] has not integrated its experience 
and lessons learned with other Department components. The 
Committee is confident that the Department's reorganization 
will help facilitate this integration and urges REPP to 
expeditiously reach out to FEMA's Grants Management, 
Infrastructure Protection, and other stakeholders.

                   UNITED STATES FIRE ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................     $41,349,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      43,300,000
Committee recommendation................................      43,300,000

\1\ Includes a transfer of $5,500,000 for Noble Training Center to 
National Programs.

    The mission of the United States Fire Administration [USFA] 
is to reduce losses, both economic and human, due to fire and 
other emergencies through training, research, coordination and 
support. USFA also prepares the Nation's first responder and 
health care leaders through ongoing, and when necessary, 
expedited training regarding how to evaluate and minimize 
community risk, improve protection to critical infrastructure, 
and be better prepared to react to all-hazard and terrorism 
emergencies.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $43,300,000 for the United States 
Fire Administration, as proposed in the budget.

                            DISASTER RELIEF

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  $1,500,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \2\...............................   1,700,000,000
Committee recommendation \3\............................   1,700,000,000

\1\ Excludes $4,260,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to 
Public Law 110-28. Excludes a transfer of $13,500,000 to Office of the 
Inspector General and a transfer of up to $30,000,000 to FEMA Management 
and Administration.
\2\ Excludes a transfer of up to $48,000,000 to FEMA Management and 
Administration.
\3\ Excludes a transfer of $13,500,000 to Office of the Inspector 
General and a transfer of up to $48,000,000 to FEMA Management and 
Administration.

    Through the Disaster Relief Fund [DRF], the Department of 
Homeland Security provides a significant portion of the total 
Federal response to victims in presidentially declared major 
disasters and emergencies. Major disasters are declared when a 
State requests Federal assistance and proves that a given 
disaster is beyond the local and State capacity to respond. 
Under the DRF, FEMA will continue to operate the primary 
assistance programs, including Federal assistance to 
individuals and households; and public assistance, which 
includes the repair and reconstruction of State, local, and 
nonprofit infrastructure. The post-disaster hazard mitigation 
set-aside to States, as part of the DRF, works as a companion 
piece to the National Pre-Disaster Mitigation Fund.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $1,700,000,000 for disaster 
relief. The Committee includes bill language transferring 
$13,500,000 of this amount to the Office of Inspector General 
for audits and investigations related to disasters, and 
permitting the transfer of up to $48,000,000 to FEMA Management 
and Administration to fund up to 250 permanent staff for the 
continued effort of professionalizing and expanding FEMA's 
workforce.

                     RESPONSIBLE DISASTER SPENDING

    The Committee recognizes that the urgent nature of disaster 
response often forces Government entities to choose between the 
competing interests of fiscal responsibility, accountability, 
and urgency. The Committee directs FEMA to firmly establish 
measurable thresholds for transparent decisionmaking regarding 
Federal fiscal expenditures for disaster response.

                 FISCAL YEAR 2008 DISASTER REQUIREMENTS

    The Committee directs FEMA to provide a detailed estimate 
of the Disaster Relief funds required through September 30, 
2008, to the Committee no later than July 15, 2007. Should the 
analysis indicate a shortfall, the Committee expects the 
President to seek sufficient emergency funds to meet disaster 
spending required for presidentially declared disasters through 
September 30, 2008.

                           INTERNAL CONTROLS

    The Committee continues to be concerned with FEMA's lack of 
internal controls to combat waste, fraud, and abuse and its 
inability to validate identities and addresses to prevent 
future fraudulent disbursements. The Government Accountability 
Office [GAO] has reported (GAO-07-300), ``ineffective 
preventive controls for FEMA's IHP (Individuals and Households 
Program) have resulted in substantial fraudulent and improper 
payments . . . our estimate of $1,000,000,000 in potentially 
improper and/or fraudulent payments through February (2007) is 
likely understated.'' The Committee directs FEMA to continue to 
work aggressively to address these shortcomings and to work on 
safeguards, such as those utilizing automated identification 
verification, as employed by the U.S. Departments of Justice 
and Defense for entity recognition, to ensure proper management 
for future disasters. Controls shall be consistent with 
Department of Homeland Security privacy policy.

            DISASTER ASSISTANCE DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM ACCOUNT

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................        $569,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................         875,000
Committee recommendation................................         875,000

\1\ Excludes $320,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.

    Disaster assistance loans authorized by the Robert T. 
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
U.S.C. 5162) are loans to States for the non-Federal portion of 
cost sharing funds, and community disaster loans to local 
governments incurring a substantial loss of tax and other 
revenues as a result of a major disaster. The funds requested 
for this program include direct loans and a subsidy based on 
criteria including loan amount and interest charged. As 
required by the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 
et seq.), this account records, for this program, the subsidy 
costs associated with the direct loans obligated in 1992 and 
beyond (including modifications of direct loans), as well as 
administrative expenses of the program. The subsidy amounts are 
estimated on a present value basis; the administrative expenses 
are estimated on a cash basis.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $875,000, as proposed in the 
budget, in subsidy costs and administrative expenses for 
disaster assistance direct loans. Bill language is included 
directing the gross obligations for the principal amount of 
direct loans to not exceed $25,000,000.

                      FLOOD MAP MODERNIZATION FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $198,980,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     194,881,000
Committee recommendation................................     200,000,000

    This appropriation supports the functions necessary to 
modernize and digitize flood maps. The flood maps are used to 
determine appropriate risk-based premium rates for the National 
Flood Insurance Program, to complete flood hazard 
determinations required of the Nation's lending institutions, 
and to develop appropriate disaster response plans for Federal, 
State, and local emergency management personnel.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $200,000,000 for the Flood Map 
Modernization Fund and includes language in the bill that 
provides up to 3 percent of the funds may be made available for 
administrative purposes.

                             PROGRAM STATUS

    The Committee notes that Congress, recognizing the 
connection between reliable flood maps and reduced flood 
damage, funded the Flood Map Modernization program. When the 
program began, it was estimated that the total cost would be 
$1,000,000,000 through fiscal year 2008. The Committee is 
pleased to achieve that goal in this act and remains committed 
to ensuring citizens and governments make wise planning 
decisions by using modern flood maps. Based on risk, over 92 
percent of the Nation's population is using a modernized map 
and 65 percent of the Nation's land area is covered by a 
modernized map.
    However, the Committee has expressed its concern over the 
years regarding the data input of the program and therefore 
recognizes, that even in light of FEMA's mid-course correction 
to clarify data standards, there is still work to do. 
Additionally, the Committee recognizes that the National 
Academy of Sciences [NAS] released a report in January 2007 
entitled, ``Base Map Inputs for Floodplain Mapping.'' The 
report focuses on the adequacy of imagery and elevation data, 
the two ``base'' layers of floodplain maps, and includes 
recommendations to advance the program. Finally, the Committee 
recognizes there will be a need for resources to keep maps up-
to-date over the long-term.
    FEMA is directed to report to the Committee, no later than 
February 5, 2008, regarding the additional needs for a 
continued Flood Map Modernization program, including additional 
work that needs to be completed, resources necessary to keep 
maps up-to-date, potential cost-share with State and local 
governments, and how FEMA intends to implement the 
recommendations in the NAS report.

                         GULF STATES FLOOD MAPS

    The Committee is concerned that the rebuilding effort in 
the gulf region will be further delayed without new flood 
insurance rate maps that reflect the damage done by Hurricanes 
Katrina and Rita. The Committee encourages FEMA to work 
expeditiously with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to develop 
accurate maps. FEMA is directed to brief the Committee, no 
later than October 31, 2007, on the progress of accurate flood 
plain mapping in the gulf coast region.

                     NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE FUND

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................  ($128,588,000)
Budget estimate, 2008 \1\...............................   (145,000,000)
Committee recommendation \1\............................   (145,000,000)

\1\ Fully offset by fee collections.

    The National Flood Insurance Fund is a fee-generated fund 
which provides funding for the National Flood Insurance 
Program. This program enables property owners to purchase flood 
insurance otherwise unavailable in the commercial market. The 
National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 authorizes the Federal 
Government to provide flood insurance on a national basis. This 
insurance is available to communities which enact and enforce 
appropriate floodplain management measures and covers virtually 
all types of buildings and their contents up to $350,000 for 
residential types and $1,000,000 for all other types.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $145,000,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for the National Flood Insurance Fund and provides that 
up to $34,000,000 may be transferred to the National Flood 
Mitigation Fund for expenses under section 1366 of the National 
Flood Insurance Act (42 U.S.C. 4104c).

                     NATIONAL FLOOD MITIGATION FUND

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    -$31,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008 \1\...............................     -34,000,000
Committee recommendation \1\............................     -34,000,000

\1\ By transfer from the National Flood Insurance Fund.

    The National Flood Mitigation Fund [NFMF] receives funding 
from a fee-generated discretionary fund transferred from the 
National Flood Insurance Fund. NFMF provides assistance 
planning to States and communities for implementing floodplain 
management measures to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk 
of flood damage to buildings and other structures eligible for 
insurance under the National Flood Insurance Program.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides for the transfer of up to 
$34,000,000 as proposed in the budget, from the National Flood 
Insurance Fund to this account.

                 NATIONAL PRE-DISASTER MITIGATION FUND

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $100,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     100,053,000
Committee recommendation................................     120,000,000

    The National Pre-Disaster Mitigation [PDM] program provides 
grants to States, communities, territories, and Indian tribal 
governments for hazard mitigation planning and implementing 
mitigation projects prior to a disaster event. PDM grants are 
awarded on a competitive basis. This program operates 
independent of the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, funded 
through the Disaster Relief Fund, which provides grants to a 
State in which a disaster has been declared.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $120,000,000 for the National Pre-
Disaster Mitigation Fund, an increase of $19,947,000 from the 
budget request.

                       EMERGENCY FOOD AND SHELTER

Appropriations, 2007....................................    $151,470,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     140,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     153,000,000

    This appropriation funds grants to nonprofit and faith-
based organizations at the local level to supplement their 
programs for emergency food and shelter to provide for the 
immediate needs of the homeless.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $153,000,000, as proposed in the 
budget, for the Emergency Food and Shelter program.

                                TITLE IV

            RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND SERVICES

           United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

Appropriations, 2007 \1\x...............................    $181,990,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      30,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      50,523,000

\1\ Excludes $8,000,000 in emergency supplemental appropriations 
pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    United States Citizenship and Immigration Services [USCIS] 
funds expenses necessary for the administration of laws and the 
provision of services related to people seeking to enter, 
reside, work, and naturalize in the United States. In addition 
to directly appropriated resources, fee collections are 
available for the operations of USCIS.
    Immigration Examinations Fees.--USCIS collects fees from 
persons applying for immigration benefits to support the 
adjudication of applications, as authorized by the Immigration 
and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356).
    H1-B and L Fraud Prevention and Detection Fees.--USCIS 
collects fees from petitioners seeking a beneficiary's initial 
grant of H1-B or L nonimmigrant classification or those 
petitioners seeking to change a beneficiary's employer within 
those classifications (Public Law 108-447).
    H1-B Nonimmigrant Petitioner Fees.--USCIS collects fees 
from petitioners using the H1-B program (Public Law 108-447).

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends total resources of $2,589,395,000, 
including direct appropriations of $50,523,000 and estimated 
fee collections of $2,538,872,000.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                       UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES--FUNDING SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008       Committee
                                                              enacted       budget request   recommendations \2\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations \1\.....................................           181,990            30,000              50,523
                                                        ========================================================
Estimated fee collections:
    Immigration examinations fees......................         1,760,000         2,494,872           2,494,872
    H-1B and L fraud prevention and detection fees.....            31,000            31,000              31,000
    H-1B non-immigrant petitioner fees.................            13,000            13,000              13,000
                                                        --------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Estimated fee collections.................         1,804,000         2,538,872           2,538,872
                                                        ========================================================
      Total, Available Funding.........................         1,985,990         2,568,872           2,589,395
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $8,000,000 in emergency supplemental appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects a permanent realignment of $523,000 to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services from U.S.
  Immigration and Customs Enforcement for various parole programs, pursuant to section 827.

               EMPLOYMENT ELIGIBILITY VERIFICATION [EEV]

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is 
$30,000,000, 255 positions, and 255 full-time equivalents, as 
proposed in the budget, to provide directly appropriated 
funding to continue the voluntary Employment Eligibility 
Verification [EEV] program at anticipated fiscal year 2007 
levels. These funds, combined with anticipated carryover 
funding from fiscal year 2007 of $42,890,000, are distributed 
as follows: $9,400,000 for program administration; $40,710,000 
for program operations; $6,610,000 for systems enhancements; 
and $16,170,000 for outreach and publicity.

              ADDRESSING THE FBI BACKGROUND CHECK BACKLOG

    The Committee recognizes that USCIS has made substantial 
progress over the last several years to successfully address 
the backlog of applications and petitions within its control. 
However, as of April 4, 2007, there were 339,415 name checks 
pending with the Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI]. Of that 
number, 162,394 were older than 6 months. On average, security 
background checks take nearly 4 months. This backlog, which is 
outside the control of USCIS, hampers the agency in making 
timely decisions on applications and petitions. As immigration 
fees rise, it is incumbent upon the Federal Government to 
provide accurate and timely services in relation to these fees.
    The Committee finds this situation unacceptable and 
includes in its recommendation an additional $20,000,000 to 
address this issue. While the Committee continues to expect 
USCIS to be a fee-funded agency, historically the Committee has 
provided appropriated funding to address specific backlogs. The 
Committee believes, given the seriousness of the backlog of 
security checks, it is appropriate to provide appropriated 
funding in this narrow instance. These additional funds, when 
combined with the additional $8,000,000 provided in the U.S. 
Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq 
Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28), 
should make significant progress in addressing this backlog.
    The Committee restricts the ability of USCIS to obligate 
this funding until the Secretary of Homeland Security and the 
United States Attorney General provide a specific plan to the 
Committee that describes how this issue will be addressed 
comprehensively. The Committee expects the report to outline 
how the funding will be used, and how USCIS and the FBI will 
use existing funding to supplement the amount provided in this 
act in order to eliminate the backlogs of security checks. 
Further, the Committee expects this plan, which should be 
submitted no later than September 15, 2007, will describe the 
existing business processes for security checks, the reforms 
made, the information sharing protocols employed, and the total 
level of resources used to address the backlog.

                    BENEFIT PAROLE PROGRAMS TRANSFER

    On March 31, 2007, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
exercised section 872 authority and transferred $523,000 for 
the Cuban-Haitian Entrant Program, the Moscow Refugee Program, 
and the Humanitarian Parole Program from U.S. Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement's Office of Investigations (International) 
to USCIS. The Committee concurs with this action and makes the 
transfer permanent.

                          BACKLOG ELIMINATION

    The Committee directs USCIS to continue to report quarterly 
on the status of application processing and the backlog 
reduction plan.
    The Committee is aware of the additional cost burdens 
placed on the USCIS budget for employees traveling to remote 
areas in Alaska and Hawaii. The Committee directs the 
Department to take this into consideration when allocating 
travel funds to these States.
    The following table, which includes appropriations and 
estimated fee collections, summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                       UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES--PROGRAM SUMMARY
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Fiscal year 2007  Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                               enacted \1\     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appropriations:
    Business transformation...............................            47,000  ................  ................
    Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements [SAVE].            21,100  ................  ................
    Employment Eligibility Verification [EEV].............           113,890            30,000            30,000
    FBI Background Check..................................  ................  ................            20,000
    Benefit parole programs \2\...........................  ................  ................               523
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
      Total, Appropriations...............................           181,990            30,000            50,523
                                                           =====================================================
Fee Collections:
    Adjudication Services:
        Pay and benefits..................................           624,600           763,962           763,962
        Operating expenses:
            District operations...........................           385,400           551,701           551,701
            Service Center operations.....................           267,000           354,527           354,527
            Asylum, refugee and international operations..            75,000            91,120            91,120
            Records operations............................            67,000            80,589            80,589
            Business transformation.......................  ................           139,000           139,000
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Adjudication Services.............         1,419,000         1,980,899         1,980,899
                                                           =====================================================
    Information and Customer Services:
        Pay and benefits..................................            81,000            93,132            93,132
        Operating expenses:
            National Customer Service Center..............            48,000            49,357            49,357
            Information services..........................            15,000            19,375            19,375
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Information and Customer Serv-               144,000           161,864           161,864
               ices.......................................
                                                           =====================================================
    Administration:
        Pay and benefits..................................            45,000            79,268            79,268
        Operating expenses................................           196,000           295,289           295,289
                                                           -----------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Administration........................           241,000           374,557           374,557
                                                           =====================================================
    Systematic Alien Vertification for Entitlements [SAVE]  ................            21,552            21,552
                                                           =====================================================
      Total, Fee Collections..............................         1,804,000         2,538,872         2,538,872
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $8,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\2\ Reflects a permanent realignment of $523,000 to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services from U.S.
  Immigration and Customs Enforcement for various parole programs, pursuant to section 827.

                Federal Law Enforcement Training Center


                         SALARIES AND EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $211,033,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     219,786,000
Committee recommendation................................     221,076,000

\1\ Excludes $3,000,000 by transfer in emergency appropriations pursuant 
to Public Law 110-28.

    The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Salaries and 
Expenses appropriation provides funds for basic and some 
advanced training to Federal law enforcement personnel from 
more than 80 agencies. This account also allows for research of 
new training methodologies; provides for training to certain 
State, local, and foreign law enforcement personnel on a space-
available basis; and accreditation of Federal law enforcement 
training programs.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $221,076,000 for salaries and 
expenses of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center [FLETC] 
for fiscal year 2008. The Committee recommendation includes an 
increase of $10,043,000 above the fiscal year 2007 level in 
annualization and inflationary adjustments, as well as for 
training accreditation of Federal law enforcement agencies.
    The Committee includes bill language requiring the Director 
of FLETC to ensure all training centers are operated at the 
highest capacity feasible throughout the fiscal year. The 
Committee also expects the Director to maintain training at or 
near capacity before entering into new leases with private 
contractors or establishing new partner organizations.

                             ACCREDITATION

    The Committee recognizes the significance of the 
accreditation of Federal law enforcement agencies that has been 
undertaken for the last several years. The Committee strongly 
endorses the commitment of all Federal agencies to achieve high 
standards for law enforcement training and believes the Federal 
Law Enforcement Accreditation [FLETA] Board is the appropriate 
vehicle for assuring that the process for standardization and 
accreditation is continued and fully supported. The Committee 
notes that FLETA has been funded through the FLETC budget since 
its inception and that staff assigned to support the FLETA 
Board are housed at FLETC and carried on the FLETC personnel 
rolls for purposes of convenience. The Committee believes for 
purposes of budgeting support, the FLETA Board shall remain at 
FLETC.
    The Committee encourages FLETC to continue and expand 
existing institutional partnerships prior to initiating new 
partnerships to assist in meeting State, local, and other 
training needs.

     ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $64,246,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      43,270,000
Committee recommendation................................      44,470,000

    This account provides for the acquisition and related costs 
for expansion and maintenance of facilities of the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center [FLETC]. This includes construction 
and maintenance of facilities and environmental compliance. The 
environmental compliance funds ensure compliance with 
Environmental Protection Agency and State environmental laws 
and regulations.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $44,470,000 for acquisition, 
construction, improvements, and related expenses for expansion 
and maintenance of facilities of FLETC.

            ARTESIA DETENTION FACILITY, ARTESIA, NEW MEXICO

    Included in the amount recommended by the Committee is an 
increase of $1,200,000 above the request to fund the 
construction of the Artesia Detention Facility. This facility 
will provide the appropriate environment for detention 
operations training through a purpose-designed facility 
(Requested by: Domenici).

                         Science and Technology


                                SUMMARY

    The mission of Science and Technology [S&T;] is to conduct, 
stimulate, and enable homeland security research, development, 
testing, and to facilitate the timely transition of 
capabilities to Federal, State, local, and tribal end-users.

                     MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $134,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     142,632,000
Committee recommendation................................     140,632,000

\1\ Excludes a rescission of $1,215,486 pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

    The Management and Administration account funds salaries 
and expenses related to the Office of the Under Secretary for 
Science and Technology, and headquarters and field operations, 
including the National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures 
Center, Plum Island, and the Environmental Measurements 
Laboratory.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $140,632,000 for management and 
administration of programs and activities carried out by 
Science and Technology [S&T;].
    The Committee is pleased with the rapid progress S&T; 
appears to be making toward resolving past deficiencies. The 
new Under Secretary has restructured the directorate's 
programs, worked to obligate resources in a timely fashion, and 
instituted a capable budget office able to deliver timely, 
accurate, and comprehensible documents. Only time will tell if 
this new enterprise is on course to produce useful scientific 
and technological solutions to threats to the homeland.

                    ASSESSMENT OF PROGRAM RESOURCES

    Last year, the Committee learned S&T; was assessing various 
programs for operating costs that had not been fully accounted 
for in the management and administration account. While this 
practice appears to have ceased, the Committee reminds the 
Department that it expects to be notified should S&T; assess any 
program for administrative costs exceeding 5 percent of the 
total program appropriation through a notification pursuant to 
section 503 of this act.

                     INTERNAL CONTROL AND STAFFING

    The Committee remains concerned about internal controls at 
S&T.; According to the Government Accountability Office, as of 
March 9, 2007, S&T; had not filled about 35 percent of its total 
authorized full-time equivalents [FTEs] for headquarters and 
field operations (135 of 383) and about 53 percent of the FTEs 
allocated to S&T;'s Chief Financial Officer's office (19 of 36). 
The Department and S&T; are to move expeditiously to address the 
critical issues of staffing and internal controls.

           Research, Development, Acquisition, and Operations

Appropriations, 2007 \1\ \2\ \3\........................    $749,009,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     656,468,000
Committee recommendation................................     697,364,000

\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to reorganizations in fiscal 
year 2007 and rescission of prior year funds taken in fiscal year 2007.
\2\ Excludes $5,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.
\3\ Includes a rescission of $125,000,000 in prior year appropriations 
as required by section 529 of Public Law 109-295.

    Science and Technology supports the mission of DHS through 
basic and applied research, fabrication of prototypes, research 
and development to mitigate the effects of weapons of mass 
destruction, as well as acquiring and field testing equipment. 
Separate funding is provided for 12 different activities or 
portfolios.

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATONS

    The Committee recommends $697,364,000 for research, 
development, acquisition, and operations of Science and 
Technology for fiscal year 2008.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                   SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND OPERATIONS
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Fiscal year 2007   Fiscal year 2008      Committee
                                                           enacted \1\ \2\     budget request    recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Borders and Maritime Security...........................       $33,436,000        $25,936,000        $25,479,000
Chemical and Biological.................................       229,453,000        228,949,000        216,038,000
Command, Control, and Interoperability..................        57,612,000         63,600,000         61,763,000
Explosives..............................................       105,231,000         63,749,000         81,726,000
Human Factors...........................................         6,800,000         12,600,000          6,706,000
Infrastructure and Geophysical..........................        74,781,000         24,000,000         64,000,000
Innovation..............................................        38,000,000         59,900,000         46,000,000
Laboratory Facilities...................................       105,649,000         88,814,000        103,814,000
Test and Evaluation, Standards..........................        25,432,000         25,520,000         24,219,000
Transition..............................................        24,040,000         24,700,000         23,901,000
University Programs.....................................        48,575,000         38,700,000         38,718,000
Homeland Security Institute.....................   \3\ (10,000,000)   \3\ (10,000,000)         5,000,000
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Research, Development, Acquisition and            749,009,000        656,468,000        697,364,000
 Operations.............................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Reflects transfer of resources pursuant to reorganization in fiscal year 2007, rescission of prior year
  funds taken in fiscal year 2007, and a new program, project, and activity structure based on the December 2006
  budget realignment.
\2\ Includes a rescission of $125,000,000 in prior year appropriations as required by section 529 of Public Law
  109-295 and excludes $5,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.
\3\ The Homeland Security Institute funding of $10,000,000 is distributed among the various programs in fiscal
  year 2007 and the budget request.

                      HOMELAND SECURITY INSTITUTE

    The authority for the Homeland Security Institute [HSI] 
contained in the Homeland Security Act of 2002, expires in 
April 2009. HSI has not been a visible activity within the 
Department; its accomplishments have been modest, its budget 
hidden among the other activities from which it has drawn a 
tap. Indeed, its request for an appropriation was wholly 
unjustified in the fiscal year 2007 budget submission and a 
justification was provided for fiscal year 2008 only after the 
Committee specifically asked for it. The Committee provides 
$5,000,000 for this activity, $5,000,000 below the comparable 
request, and creates a separate program, project, activity 
[PPA] for HSI. It also reduces funding for the program in 
recognition that most of the HSI's funding comes from contracts 
with other agencies. In fiscal year 2007, and in the fiscal 
year 2008 request, $10,000,000 is provided for HSI, buried in 
other PPAs. These PPAs, from which the budget request proposes 
an HSI tap, have been reduced accordingly.

                               REDUCTIONS

    Given S&T;'s past history, the Committee has approved few 
initiatives within this account. All activities within each PPA 
line are reduced to fiscal year 2007 levels or are provided the 
requested amounts, whichever is lower, unless otherwise noted. 
Other reductions reflect the movement of the Homeland Security 
Institute resources out of the various PPAs into a single PPA.

                        CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL

    The Committee recommends $216,038,000 for Chemical and 
Biological programs, $12,911,000 less than the budget request. 
The Committee provides the requested level of funding for 
surveillance and detection operations and research activities. 
BioWatch 3 detection offers to detect more pathogens, more 
rapidly, at less expense than currently deployed systems.

                 COMMAND, CONTROL, AND INTEROPERABILITY

    The Committee provides $61,763,000 for Command, Control, 
and Interoperability, $1,837,000 below the request. The 
Committee provides an increase of $10,000,000 for cyber 
security and Internet-based control systems protection. These 
funds will assist in finding solutions to address flaws in the 
computerized systems that control generators, switching 
stations, and electrical substations. The Committee believes 
that well planned cyber attacks, such as the recent attacks 
against Estonia, could have devastating consequences in this 
country and encourages S&T; to continue its Distributed 
Environment for Critical Infrastructure Decision-making 
Exercises program for research of low probability, high 
consequence cyber attacks against infrastructure critical to 
the U.S. economy.

                               EXPLOSIVES

    The Committee provides $81,726,000 for explosives research, 
an increase of $17,977,000 over the request, to support S&T;'s 
requirements under Homeland Security Presidential Directive-19. 
Improvised explosive devices carry severe consequences, 
especially in the transportation sector and at special events. 
S&T; is directed to work toward producing detection technologies 
that deter, reduce, or eliminate explosive attacks and their 
consequences. S&T; should also look for next generation 
detection innovations for car bombs and hidden explosives to 
compliment short-term military research aimed at detection. 
Further, S&T; should coordinate its research and development 
efforts with other Federal activities to avoid duplication of 
effort.

                COUNTER-MAN PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS

    The Committee was disappointed to learn that additional 
funding provided in fiscal year 2007 for a comprehensive 
passenger aircraft suitability assessment resulted in a 
decision by the administration to push back its report and 
recommendation on deployment of these systems until fiscal year 
2010. While the additional resources allowed a greater number 
of aircraft to be assessed, the major concerns about these 
systems such as effectiveness and reliability should soon be 
well characterized. The Committee directs the Department to 
report on the first portion of Phase III testing by the end of 
fiscal year 2008 and provide a recommendation on whether these 
systems are suitable for deployment or not.

                   TRANSPORTATION SECURITY LABORATORY

    The Committee is aware of the need to expand laboratory 
space at the Transportation Security Laboratory [TSL] in order 
to safely house the Independent Test and Evaluation [ITE] 
program. Further, the Committee is aware that product 
certifications provided at no charge by the TSL are a valuable 
service for vendors who send their products for evaluation, and 
that the product certification system encourages the 
development of newer security technology. The Committee directs 
S&T; to report on the costs and benefits of charging companies 
for certification of their products in light of the potential 
to provide enhanced certification services and the capital 
improvement needs of the laboratory housing the ITE program. 
S&T; is directed to report to the Committee on this cost-benefit 
analysis by February 5, 2008.

    ANALYSIS, DISSEMINATION, VISUALIZATION, INSIGHT, SYNTHESIS, AND 
                              ENHANCEMENT

    The Committee is aware that S&T; has created the knowledge 
management architecture known as Analysis, Dissemination, 
Visualization, Insight, Synthesis, and Enhancement [ADVISE] to 
integrate various information capabilities. Given that the 
prototype uses departmental and other data, including some on 
U.S. citizens, it has significant privacy implications. The 
report accompanying the House passed fiscal year 2007 
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations bill (House 
Report 109-476) directed the Department to submit a program 
plan, including goals and costs, by November 3, 2006. This 
report has not been submitted. The Committee recommends no 
funding for this program in fiscal year 2008. Future year 
funding will depend on the Department's willingness to provide 
a program plan and a privacy statement.

                 SOUTH EAST REGION RESEARCH INITIATIVE

    The amount recommended includes $35,000,000 for the Oak 
Ridge National Laboratory for competitive awards to continue 
the Southeast Region Research Initiative Program (Requested by: 
Cochran, Alexander, and Corker).

                     INFRASTRUCTURE AND GEOPHYSICAL

    The Committee restores funding for the Regional Technology 
Integration initiative to the fiscal year 2007 level of 
$10,000,000. This program, in Anaheim, California; Cincinnati, 
Ohio; Seattle, Washington; and Memphis, Tennessee, facilitates 
the transition of innovative technologies and organizational 
concepts to national, regional, State, and local jurisdictions 
(Requested by: Feinstein).

                               INNOVATION

    The Committee provides $46,000,000 for Innovation, a 21 
percent increase over fiscal year 2007, and the Committee 
supports S&T; efforts to explore innovative technologies, even 
if they face a substantial risk of failure, provided the 
potential benefits are even more substantial. Of the amount 
provided, $8,000,000 is for composite hull technology research, 
as requested. These funds are provided with the understanding 
that this is an equal financial partnership with the Coast 
Guard and industry.

                              LABORATORIES

    The Committee provides $11,000,000 for the National Bio and 
Agro Defense Facility [NBAF], as requested in the budget.
    The Committee was disappointed that the Department failed 
to provide a request that reflected its construction 
obligations for the Physical Science Facility and refurbishment 
of building 325 at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 
located in Hanford, Washington. The Committee provides 
$15,000,000 for ongoing construction activities in support of 
the Department's November 7, 2006, memorandum of understanding 
with the National Nuclear Security Administration and the 
United States Department of Energy (Requested by: Murray and 
Cantwell).

                          UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS

    The Committee notes the importance of using behavioral and 
social sciences to detect, analyze, and better understand and 
prevent threats posed by terrorists, and commends the 
Department for elevating the status of behavioral science with 
the establishment of a new Human Factors Division. To support 
this initiative, the Committee encourages continued and 
increased support for the competitively awarded University 
Programs' Scholars and Fellows program, which is critical to 
the development of the next generation of homeland security 
scientists.

                            NEW TECHNOLOGIES

    The Committee believes new technologies may significantly 
help the Department as it seeks to secure our homeland. The 
Committee encourages the Department to develop through 
competitive awards such technologies as: small, rugged mass 
spectrometers; gallium nitride based multi-mission phase array 
radar; high throughput backscatter personal screeners; 
explosive detection using computer tomography and neutron 
technology, data systems that are scaleable, easily deployable, 
and do not require significant power or cooling infrastructure; 
mono-energetic gamma resonant imaging and detections systems; 
respirators using antimicrobial iodinated technology; and 
supercomputing centers that utilize smart sensor algorithms on 
low cost processors.

                   Domestic Nuclear Detection Office


                                SUMMARY

    The mission of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office [DNDO] 
is to improve the Nation's capability to detect and report 
attempts to import, possess, store, develop, or transport 
nuclear and radiological material for use against the Nation.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends a total program level of 
$550,000,000 for activities of DNDO for fiscal year 2008.
    The following table summarizes the Committee's 
recommendations as compared to the fiscal year 2007 and budget 
request levels:

                                        DOMESTIC NUCLEAR DETECTION OFFICE
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Fiscal year      Fiscal year
                                                                 2007 enacted     2008 budget       Committee
                                                                     \1\            request      recommendations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Domestic Nuclear Detection Office:
    Management and Administration............................           30,468           34,000           32,000
    Research, Development, and Operations....................          272,500          319,900          336,000
    Systems Acquisition......................................          178,000          208,000          182,000
                                                              --------------------------------------------------
      Total, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office...............          480,968          561,900          550,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Excludes $135,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public Law 110-28.

                         NON-CONTAINER SECURITY

    The Committee notes DNDO plans to scan roughly 98 percent 
of containerized cargo entering the country by the end of 2008. 
Over the following years, DNDO will work toward scanning the 
remaining 2 percent of container cargo coming through quieter 
ports and other means. In the U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' 
Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Act, 2007 
(Public Law 110-28) an additional $100,000,000 was provided 
toward this goal. However, according to U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection, containerized cargo makes up only about half of the 
sea-borne shipping (by tonnage), the rest is non-containerized 
and largely unscanned. Surprisingly, even more cargo enters the 
country by air than by sea-borne containerized vessels and 
virtually none of this cargo is scanned as it is off-loaded.
    While the Committee endorses assuring that containers 
entering the country are scanned, it firmly believes that DNDO 
should also begin to focus its energies on the roughly three-
quarters of all cargo that is not containerized and entering 
the country without radiation scanning. Further, as exemplified 
by the assassination of a former Russian spy in London with 
Polonium-210, radioactive materials appear to be able to be 
moved aboard passenger aircraft. DNDO should use its discretion 
when allocating its radiation detection equipment and other 
resources to focus on reducing the greatest amount of risk. 
DNDO should consider intelligence estimates, transportation 
pathways, origins of cargo and people, and other factors in 
determining scanner placement. Given the recent supplemental 
resources aimed at containerized cargo and the gaping hole for 
other types of cargo, the Committee recommends $45,500,000 be 
used to enhance non-containerized, high risk security. The 
allocation of these funds is described in the separate accounts 
below.

                          SECURING THE CITIES

    The Committee recommends $30,000,000 for the Securing the 
Cities initiative, ($5,000,000 within the Research, 
Development, Operations account, and $25,000,000 within the 
Systems Acquisition account), a decrease of $10,000,000 below 
the budget request. The Committee strongly supports the goals 
of this program, to detect radiological weapons before they are 
brought into our cities from the Nation's interior and 
elsewhere, by tripling the amount available to this program 
over fiscal year 2007. However, the aggressive expansion of the 
program proposed by the administration is premature since it 
has no strategic plan, is based on several assumptions that run 
counter to current intelligence in this threat arena, and has 
no measure of success, nor an end point for infrastructure 
build out. The Committee directs DNDO to submit a strategic 
plan for its phased deployment that: (1) prioritizes the cities 
to be covered by the program; (2) lays out a decision matrix on 
which routes will be covered into the city whether by land, sea 
or air; (3) addresses whether decoy detection systems would 
benefit the public good; (4) indicates what level of detection 
infrastructure makes sense for each city; (5) addresses whether 
any given deployment has a reasonable chance of success against 
an adversary with at least a moderate level of technological 
know-how; and (6) establishes a 5-year projected cost of the 
program. In addition, DNDO must enter into a memorandum of 
understanding with any city receiving resources from the 
program outlining the duties and resource requirements expected 
of DNDO and expected of the city over the foreseeable future.

               THE GLOBAL NUCLEAR DETECTION ARCHITECTURE

    The Committee understands the Domestic Nuclear Detection 
Office [DNDO] has been a leader in the development of the 
Global Nuclear Detection Architecture and is working closely 
with the Department of Energy and other Federal agencies whose 
aim is to find a nuclear or radiological weapon before it 
reaches our Nation's shores. The Committee applauds this 
effort. The Committee directs DNDO to provide a classified 
briefing to the Committee on ways it plans to incorporate 
current intelligence into the structure and implementation of 
the Architecture by October 1, 2007.

               THE NUCLEAR THREAT AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION

    Nuclear ``detection'' is only one element in the fight 
against nuclear terrorism. Other efforts, such as intelligence 
gathering, securing nuclear materials overseas, and non-
proliferation activities all contribute to slowing the spread 
of these weapons of mass destruction. While coordination 
between detection functions within the Federal Government 
appears to be improving, little coordination occurs between 
these other efforts to find the best use of funds. The 
Committee encourages DNDO to work with its partners to go 
beyond the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture to begin 
balancing all efforts in a coordinated fashion.

                     MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Appropriations, 2007....................................     $30,468,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................      34,000,000
Committee recommendation................................      32,000,000

    The Management and Administration account funds salaries, 
benefits and expenses for the Domestic Nuclear Detection 
Office.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee recommends $32,000,000 for management and 
administration, a reduction of $2,000,000 from the request.
    The Committee has not fully funded the budget request for 
increased staffing since DNDO has not fully identified specific 
positions needed in the Chief of Staff's office or new 
engineering positions to be filled. Further, DNDO is still well 
below its fiscal year 2007 authorized staffing level. The 
Committee provides sufficient resources to annualize prior year 
positions and pay for cost of living increases.

                 RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $272,500,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     319,900,000
Committee recommendation................................     336,000,000

\1\ Excludes $35,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides $336,000,000 for research, 
development, and operations carried out by DNDO. The Committee 
provides a increase of $16,100,000 from the level proposed in 
the budget to increase funding to address the highest risk 
routes of entry into the country.

                         NON-CONTAINER SECURITY

    The Committee recognizes that DNDO plans to scan 98 percent 
of containerized cargo entering the Nation by the end of 2008. 
Public Law 110-28 appropriated $100,000,000 to enhance this 
effort. Other higher risk pathways into the country are 
currently left unmonitored. The Committee recommends that 
$31,000,000 requested for further deployment of radiation 
portal monitors for container security be redirected to other 
higher risk means of entering the country, such as other forms 
of cargo or cargo crossing the border between points of entry. 
A total of $29,000,000 is moved to the Research, Development, 
and Operations account from the Systems Acquisition account, of 
which $20,000,000 is to deploy 20 domestic teams to screen 
general aviation aircraft for illicit nuclear materials; 
$3,000,000 is for development of mobile detection systems to 
scan aircraft; and $6,000,000 is to enhance detection links 
between seaports and railroads at a test center in Tacoma, 
Washington, as authorized in section 121(i) of the Security and 
Accountability For Every Port Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-347) 
(Requested by: Murray).

                              RED TEAMING

    The Committee recommends $9,800,000 for red teaming 
activities, as requested in the budget. The Domestic Nuclear 
Detection Office [DNDO] initiated the red team program to help 
identify weaknesses in the Global Nuclear Detection 
Architecture. Red team exercises may reveal where operational 
improvements are needed and lead to a greater likelihood of 
preventing, detecting, or deterring a nuclear attack. Early 
reports hint that the red teaming efforts may be more collegial 
than adversarial--perhaps a proper initial step--but the 
Committee encourages aggressive red team efforts that challenge 
the system, just as a terrorist might. Further, the red team 
should not just challenge the pieces of the architecture, but 
the architecture as a whole; if DNDO efforts are focused on one 
well guarded pathway, challenge the other more vulnerable 
routes, illustrate the weaknesses, and push for change.

                       TRANSFORMATIONAL RESEARCH

    The Committee provides $100,000,000 for transformational 
research for DNDO's development of advanced technologies to 
detect nuclear or radiological weapons and the materials used 
to conceal them and for other purposes. It is unsettling that 
the media reports that the detector systems being installed 
around the Nation and the world will not likely detect shielded 
highly enriched uranium [HEU]. Given that at least one unstable 
nation, with a significant terrorist presence within its 
borders, has a nuclear arsenal composed of HEU-based weapons, 
makes these efforts all the more important. Some of these 
technologies will use active interrogation to find illicit 
materials within cargo containers and other conveyances, which 
is suitable in some commercial settings, but because of 
emissions, may not be suitable for situations where people may 
be exposed. The Committee believes that for efforts, such as 
Securing the Cities, to be truly successful, passive or other 
harmless technologies should be pursued so they might be safely 
used in public settings.

                          SYSTEMS ACQUISITION

Appropriations, 2007 \1\................................    $178,000,000
Budget estimate, 2008...................................     208,000,000
Committee recommendation................................     182,000,000

\1\ Excludes $100,000,000 in emergency appropriations pursuant to Public 
Law 110-28.

                       COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Committee provides $182,000,000 for DNDO's procurement 
and deployment of the domestic nuclear detection architecture. 
Of the amount provided, $144,000,000 is for the deployment of 
radiation portal monitors and $13,000,000 is for human portable 
radiation detection systems. The Committee provides $25,000,000 
for the Securing the Cities program within this account.

                         NON-CONTAINER SECURITY

    The Committee recommends $10,000,000 of the radiation 
portal monitoring acquisition funds be used to acquire 
radiation portal systems for five U.S. international airports 
for screening individuals and their baggage for radioactive 
materials. The Committee also recommends shifting $6,500,000 to 
acquisition of human portable radiation detection systems for a 
total of $13,000,000 for this program. With a greater number of 
handheld and portable devices, law enforcement, customs, and 
other officials will have ready, reliable, and deployable tools 
for finding radioactive materials be they hidden aboard 
pleasure craft, airplanes, freighters, or automobiles.

                 ADVANCED SPECTROSCOPIC PORTAL MONITORS

    The conference report accompanying the fiscal year 2007 
Homeland Security Appropriations Act (Public Law 109-295) 
prohibited DNDO from full-scale procurement of Advanced 
Spectroscopic Portal monitors until the Secretary certifies and 
reports to the Committees on Appropriations that a significant 
increase in operational effectiveness merits such a decision. 
Similarly, until such time the Committee receives this report 
and certification, it recommends no funding be made available 
for full-scale procurement of these systems with fiscal year 
2008 resources.

                                TITLE V

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Section 501. The Committee includes a provision limiting 
the expenditure of funds to the current fiscal year unless 
expressly provided otherwise in the act.
    Section 502. The Committee includes a provision limiting 
the Department's ability to expend funds in support of 
reorganizations, without the approval of Congress.
    Section 503. The Committee includes a provision providing 
authority to reprogram appropriations within an account and to 
transfer not to exceed 5 percent of appropriations between 
accounts with 15-day advance notification of the Committees on 
Appropriations.
    The Committee expects the Department to submit 
reprogramming requests on a timely basis, and to provide 
complete explanations of the reallocations proposed, including 
detailed justifications of the increases and offsets, and any 
specific impact the proposed changes will have on current and 
future-year appropriations requirements. Each request submitted 
to the Committee should include a detailed table showing the 
proposed revisions at the account, program, project, and 
activity level to the funding and staffing (full-time 
equivalent) levels, as compared to program, project, and 
activity levels reflected in the table in the statement of 
managers accompanying the conference report on the fiscal year 
2007 appropriations act as well as the impact on appropriations 
requirements for each future fiscal year.
    The Committee notes when the Department submits a 
reprogramming or transfer request to the Committees on 
Appropriations and does not receive identical responses from 
the House and Senate, it is the responsibility of the 
Department to reconcile the House and Senate differences before 
proceeding and, if reconciliation is not possible, to consider 
the reprogramming or transfer request unapproved. The 
Department is not to propose a reprogramming or transfer of 
funds after June 30 unless there are exceptional or emergency 
circumstances.
    Section 504. The Committee includes a provision that none 
of the funds appropriated or otherwise available to the 
Department may be used to make payment to the Department's 
Working Capital Fund, except for activities and amounts allowed 
in the President's fiscal year 2008 budget request, excluding 
the following activities: sedan service; shuttle service; 
transit subsidy; mail operations; parking; and competitive 
sourcing.
    Section 505. The Committee includes a provision making not 
to exceed 50 percent of unobligated balances remaining at the 
end of fiscal year 2007 of appropriations for salaries and 
expenses available through fiscal year 2008 in the account and 
for the purpose for which the funds were provided. The 
obligation of such funds are subject to the statutory 
requirements for the reprogramming of funds.
    Section 506. The Committee includes a provision providing 
that funds made available by the act for intelligence 
activities are deemed to be specifically authorized until the 
enactment of an act authorizing intelligence activities for 
fiscal year 2008.
    Section 507. The Committee includes a provision that the 
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center lead the Federal law 
enforcement training accreditation process.
    Section 508. The Committee includes a provision requiring 
notification of the Committees on Appropriations at least 3 
business days in advance of the Department announcement of any 
grant allocation, discretionary grant award, letter of intent, 
or contract totaling over $1,000,000. The Federal Emergency 
Management Agency is required to brief the Committee 5 full 
business days in advance of awards for formula-based grants; 
law enforcement terrorism prevention grants; regional 
catastrophic planning grants; or high-density urban area 
grants.
    Section 509. The Committee includes a provision that, with 
certain specific exceptions, no agency shall purchase, 
construct, or lease additional facilities for the purpose of 
conducting Federal law enforcement training without the advance 
approval of the Committees on Appropriations.
    Section 510. The Committee includes a provision requiring 
the Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center to 
ensure that all training facilities are operated at the highest 
capacity throughout the fiscal year.
    Section 511. The Committee includes a provision prohibiting 
the use of funds for any construction, repair, alteration, or 
acquisition project for which a prospectus, if required by the 
Public Buildings Act of 1959, has not been approved.
    Section 512. The Committee includes a provision prohibiting 
the use of funds in contravention of the Buy American Act.
    Section 513. The Committee includes a provision to prohibit 
the obligation of funds for the Secure Flight program, except 
on a test basis, until the requirements of section 522 of 
Public Law 108-334 have been met and the Government 
Accountability Office [GAO] has reviewed and made certain 
certifications. The Committee directs GAO to continue to 
evaluate Department of Homeland Security actions to meet the 10 
elements listed in section 522 of Public Law 108-334 and to 
report to the Committee, either incrementally as DHS meets 
additional elements, or when all elements have been met. The 
provision also prohibits the obligation of funds for a 
commercial database that is obtained from or remains under the 
control of a non-Federal entity.
    Section 514. The Committee includes a provision prohibiting 
the use of funds made available by the act to amend the oath of 
allegiance required by section 337 of the Immigration and 
Nationality Act.
    Section 515. The Committee includes a provision regarding 
competitive sourcing of certain U.S. Citizenship and 
Immigration Services positions.
    Section 516. The Committee includes a provision regarding 
the use of appropriated funds for United States Secret Service 
protection.
    Section 517. The Committee includes a provision regarding 
research, development, and procurement of new technology for 
air cargo.
    Section 518. The Committee includes a provision regarding 
the Privacy Officer reporting to the Congress.
    Section 519. The Committee includes a provision requiring 
only those employees who are trained in contract management to 
perform contract management.
    Section 520. The Committee includes a provision that 
directs any funds appropriated or transferred to Transportation 
Security Administration ``Aviation Security'', 
``Administration'', and ``Transportation Security Support'' in 
fiscal years 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007, which are recovered or 
deobligated, shall be available only for procurement and 
installation of explosive detection systems for air cargo, 
baggage, and checkpoint screening systems, subject to 
notification.
    Section 521. The Committee includes a provision continuing 
section 525(d) of the Department of Homeland Security 
Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 109-295) regarding 
sensitive security information.
    Section 522. The Committee includes a provision that 
rescinds $45,000,000 from unobligated balances transferred to 
the Department when it was created in 2003.
    Section 523. The Committee includes a provision enabling 
the United States Coast Guard to expend funds recovered, 
collected, or otherwise received from the 110-123 foot patrol 
boat conversion project on the replacement patrol boat program.
    Section 524. The Committee includes a provision that 
extends the authorization of the Working Capital Fund through 
fiscal year 2008.
    Section 525. The Committee includes and modifies a 
provision contained in Public Law 109-295 requiring quarterly 
Disaster Relief Fund financial reports.
    Section 526. The Committee includes a provision requiring 
the submission of monthly obligation and staffing reports.
    Section 527. The Committee includes a provision relating to 
undercover investigative operations authority of the United 
States Secret Service for fiscal year 2008.
    Section 528. The Committee includes a provision making the 
activities of the staff of the Federal Law Enforcement Training 
Center inherently governmental.
    Section 529. The Committee includes a provision prohibiting 
the Secretary of Homeland Security from altering or reducing 
the United States Coast Guard's Civil Engineering program.
    Section 530. The Committee includes a provision extending 
the date for implementation of the Western Hemisphere Travel 
Initiative.
    Section 531. The Committee includes a provision clarifying 
congressional intent on preemption regarding risk-based 
security regulations on high-risk chemical facilities.
    Section 532. The Committee includes a provision to ensure 
that the National Center for Critical Information Processing 
and Storage is fully utilized at the highest capacity 
throughout the fiscal year as the Department's primary data 
storage center.
    Section 533. The Committee includes a provision to ensure 
the Department of Homeland Security shall implement the data 
center consolidation plan in a manner that shall not result in 
a reduction to the Coast Guard's Operations Systems Center 
mission or its government-employed or contract staff levels.
    Section 534. The Committee includes a provision providing 
transfer authority to the Transportation Security 
Administration for the Secure Flight program.
    Section 535. The Committee includes a provision to expedite 
disaster assistance for schools damaged by Hurricanes Katrina 
and Rita.

                     Program, Project, and Activity

    The following information provides the definition of the 
term ``program, project, and activity'' for the directorates, 
bureaus, agencies, and other organizations of the Department of 
Homeland Security under the jurisdiction of the Homeland 
Security Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations. The 
term ``program, project, and activity'' shall include the most 
specific level of budget items identified in the Department of 
Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008, the House and 
Senate Committee reports, and the conference report and 
accompanying joint explanatory statement of the managers of the 
committee of conference.
    If a percentage reduction is necessary, in implementing 
that reduction, directorates, bureaus, agencies, and other 
organizations of the Department of Homeland Security shall 
apply any percentage reduction required for fiscal year 2008 to 
all items specified in the justifications submitted to the 
Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives in support of the fiscal year 2008 budget 
estimates, as amended, for such organizations and directorates, 
as modified by congressional action.

  COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7, RULE XVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 7 of rule XVI requires that Committee reports 
accompanying general appropriations bills identify each 
recommended amendment which proposes an item of appropriation 
which is not made to carry out the provisions of an existing 
law, a treaty stipulation, or an act or resolution previously 
passed by the Senate during that session.
    The Committee is filing an original bill, which is not 
covered under this rule, but reports this information in the 
spirit of full disclosure.
    The Committee recommends funding for the following programs 
or activities which currently lack authorization for fiscal 
year 2008:
    Office of the Secretary and Executive Management;
    Office of the Under Secretary for Management;
    Office of the Chief Financial Officer;
    Office of the Chief Information Officer;
    Analysis and Operations;
    Office of the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast 
Rebuilding;
    Office of Inspector General;
    Customs and Border Protection: Salaries and Expenses; 
Automation Modernization; Border Security Fencing, 
Infrastructure, and Technology; Air and Marine Interdiction, 
Operations, Maintenance, and Procurement; and Construction;
    Immigration and Customs Enforcement: Salaries and Expenses; 
Automation Modernization; Construction; and Federal Protective 
Service;
    Transportation Security Administration: Aviation Security; 
Surface Transportation Security; Transportation Threat 
Assessment and Credentialing; Transportation Security Support; 
and Federal Air Marshals;
    United States Coast Guard: Operating Expenses; 
Environmental Compliance and Restoration; Reserve Training; 
Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements; Alteration of 
Bridges; and Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation;
    United States Secret Service: Salaries and Expenses; and 
Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and Related Expenses;
    National Protection and Programs Directorate: Management 
and Administration; Infrastructure Protection and Information 
Security; U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator 
Technology;
    Office of Health Affairs;
    Federal Emergency Management Agency: Management and 
Administration; State and Local Programs; Disaster Relief; 
Flood Map Modernization Fund; and Emergency Food and Shelter;
    United States Citizenship and Immigration Services;
    Federal Law Enforcement Training Center: Salaries and 
Expenses; and Acquisition, Construction, Improvements, and 
Related Expenses;
    Science and Technology: Management and Administration; and 
Research, Development, Acquisition, and Operations.
    Domestic Nuclear Detection Office: Management and 
Administration; Research, Development, and Operations; and 
Systems Acquisition.

COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 7(C), RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Pursuant to paragraph 7(c) of rule XXVI, on June 14, 2007, 
the Committee ordered reported an original bill (S. 1644) 
making appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security 
for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008, subject to 
amendment and subject to the budget allocations and authorized 
the chairman of the committee or the chairman of the 
subcommittee to offer the text of the Senate-reported bill as a 
committee amendment in the nature of a substitute to the House 
companion measure, by a recorded vote of 29-0, a quorum being 
present. The vote was as follows:
        Yeas                          Nays
Chairman Byrd
Mr. Inouye
Mr. Leahy
Mr. Harkin
Ms. Mikulski
Mr. Kohl
Mrs. Murray
Mr. Dorgan
Mrs. Feinstein
Mr. Durbin
Mr. Johnson
Ms. Landrieu
Mr. Reed
Mr. Lautenberg
Mr. Nelson
Mr. Cochran
Mr. Stevens
Mr. Specter
Mr. Domenici
Mr. Bond
Mr. McConnell
Mr. Shelby
Mr. Gregg
Mr. Bennett
Mr. Craig
Mrs. Hutchison
Mr. Brownback
Mr. Allard
Mr. Alexander

 COMPLIANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 12, RULE XXVI OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE 
                                 SENATE

    Paragraph 12 of rule XXVI requires that Committee reports 
on a bill or joint resolution repealing or amending any statute 
or part of any statute include ``(a) the text of the statute or 
part thereof which is proposed to be repealed; and (b) a 
comparative print of that part of the bill or joint resolution 
making the amendment and of the statute or part thereof 
proposed to be amended, showing by stricken-through type and 
italics, parallel columns, or other appropriate typographical 
devices the omissions and insertions which would be made by the 
bill or joint resolution if enacted in the form recommended by 
the committee.''
    In compliance with this rule, the following changes in 
existing law proposed to be made by the bill are shown as 
follows: existing law to be omitted is enclosed in black 
brackets; new matter is printed in italics; and existing law in 
which no change is proposed is shown in roman.
    With respect to this bill, no changes are required to be 
reported. deg.

  2002 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT FOR FURTHER RECOVERY FROM AND 
RESPONSE TO TERRORIST ATTACKS ON THE UNITED STATES, PUBLIC LAW 107-206

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                  TITLE I--SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS


CHAPTER 1

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



CHAPTER 12

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                          INDEPENDENT AGENCIES


                    General Services Administration


REAL PROPERTY ACTIVITIES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


GENERAL PROVISIONS--THIS CHAPTER

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 1202. (a) The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center 
may, for a period ending not later than [December 31, 2007] 
December 31, 2011, appoint and maintain a cadre of up to 250 
Federal annuitants: (1) without regard to any provision of 
title 5, United States Code, which might otherwise require the 
application of competitive hiring procedures; and (2) who shall 
not be subject to any reduction in pay (for annuity allocable 
to the period of actual employment) under the provisions of 
section 8344 or 8468 of such title 5 or similar provision of 
any other retirement system for employees. A reemployed Federal 
annuitant as to whom a waiver of reduction under paragraph (2) 
applies shall not, for any period during which such waiver is 
in effect, be considered an employee for purposes of subchapter 
III of chapter 83 or chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, 
or such other retirement system (referred to in paragraph (2)) 
as may apply.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 INTELLIGENCE REFORM AND TERRORISM PREVENTION ACT OF 2004, PUBLIC LAW 
108-458

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



TITLE VII--IMPLEMENTATION OF 9/11 COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



          Subtitle B--Terrorist Travel and Effective Screening


SEC. 7201. * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 7209. TRAVEL DOCUMENTS.

    (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (b) Passports.--
            (1) Development of plan.--The Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
        shall develop and implement a plan as expeditiously as 
        possible to require a passport or other document, or 
        combination of documents, deemed by the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security to be sufficient to denote identity 
        and citizenship, for all travel into the United States 
        by United States citizens and by categories of 
        individuals for whom documentation requirements have 
        previously been waived under section 212(d)(4)(B) of 
        the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1182(d)(4)(B)). [This plan shall be implemented not 
        later than three months after the Secretary of State 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security make the 
        certifications required in subsection (B), or June 1, 
        2009, whichever is earlier.] Such plan may not be 
        implemented earlier than the date that is the later of 
        3 months after the Secretary of State and the Secretary 
        of Homeland Security make the certification required in 
        subparagraph (B) or June 1, 2009.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


 DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2007, PUBLIC LAW 
109-295

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



                                TITLE V


GENERAL PROVISIONS

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    Sec. 532. (a) United States Secret Service Use of Proceeds 
Derived From Criminal Investigations.--During fiscal year 
[2007] 2008, with respect to any undercover investigative 
operation of the United States Secret Service (hereafter 
referred to in this section as the ``Secret Service'') that is 
necessary for the detection and prosecution of crimes against 
the United States--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    Sec. 550. (a) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

    (g) If the Secretary determines that a chemical facility is 
not in compliance with this section, the Secretary shall 
provide the owner or operator with written notification 
(including a clear explanation of deficiencies in the 
vulnerability assessment and site security plan) and 
opportunity for consultation, and issue an order to comply by 
such date as the Secretary determines to be appropriate under 
the circumstances: Provided, That if the owner or operator 
continues to be in noncompliance, the Secretary may issue an 
order for the facility to cease operation, until the owner or 
operator complies with the order.
    (h) This section shall not preclude or deny any right of 
any State or political subdivision thereof to adopt or enforce 
any regulation, requirement, or standard of performance with 
respect to chemical facility security that is more stringent 
than a regulation, requirement, or standard of performance 
issued under this section, or otherwise impair any right or 
jurisdiction of any State with respect to chemical facilities 
within that State, unless there is an actual conflict between 
this section and the law of that State.
      

                                            BUDGETARY IMPACT OF BILL
  PREPARED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PURSUANT TO SEC. 308(a), PUBLIC LAW 93-344, AS
                                                     AMENDED
                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Budget authority               Outlays
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                               Committee    Amount  of   Committee    Amount  of
                                                               allocation      bill      allocation      bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee allocations
 to its subcommittees of amounts in the budget resolution
 for 2008: Subcommittee on Homeland Security
    Mandatory...............................................        1,072        1,072        1,066    \1\ 1,066
    Discretionary...........................................       36,439       36,439       38,736   \1\ 38,407
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2008....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........   \2\ 22,251
    2009....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        7,648
    2010....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        4,929
    2011....................................................  ...........  ...........  ...........        1,677
    2012 and future years...................................  ...........  ...........  ...........          758
Financial assistance to State and local governments for                NA        4,704           NA          431
 2008.......................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\ Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

NA: Not applicable.


  COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF NEW BUDGET (OBLIGATIONAL) AUTHORITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2007 AND BUDGET ESTIMATES AND AMOUNTS RECOMMENDED IN THE BILL FOR FISCAL
                                                                        YEAR 2008
                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                         Senate Committee recommendation compared with (+ or
                                                                                                                                  -)
             Item                     2007              Budget        House allowance      Committee    -----------------------------------------------------
                                  appropriation   estimate        deg.         recommendation         2007              Budget            House
                                                                                                           appropriation   estimate  allowance
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------

    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND

     TITLE I--DEPARTMENTAL
   MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS

    Departmental Operations

Office of the Secretary and
 Executive Management:
    Immediate Office of the               2,540              2,650             2,650              +110   ................
     Secretary................
    Immediate Office of the               1,185              1,222             1,122               -63              -100
     Deputy Secretary.........
    Chief of Staff............            2,560              2,639             2,639               +79   ................
    Office of Counternarcotics            2,360              3,155             2,360   ................             -795
     Enforcement..............
    Executive Secretary.......            4,450              5,127             4,855              +405              -272
    Office of Policy..........           29,305             35,300            31,310            +2,005            -3,990
    Secure Border Imitative               4,500              4,500             4,500   ................  ................
     Office...................
    Office of Public Affairs..            6,000              7,686             7,400            +1,400              -286
    Office of Legislative and             5,449              5,618             5,518               +69              -100
     Intergovernmental Affairs
    Office of General Counsel.           12,759             15,155            12,759   ................           -2,396
    Office of Civil Rights and           13,000             13,722            13,722              +722   ................
     Liberties................
    Citizenship and                       5,927              6,054             6,054              +127   ................
     Immigration Services
     Ombudsman................
    Privacy Officer...........            4,435              5,111             5,111              +676   ................
    Transfer to Aviation                  (-300)  .................  ................            (+300)  ................
     Security (Public Law 110-
     5, sec. 21101)...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the               94,170            107,939           100,000            +5,830            -7,939
       Secretary and Executive
       Management (including
       transfers).............
          Appropriations......          (94,470)          (107,939)         (100,000)          (+5,530)          (-7,939)
          (transfer out)......            (-300)  .................  ................            (+300)  ................

Office of the Under Secretary
 for Management:
    Under Secretary for                   1,870              2,012             2,012              +142   ................
     Management...............
    Office of Security........           52,640             53,990            53,990            +1,350   ................
    Office of the Chief                  16,895             28,495            28,495           +11,600   ................
     Procurement Officer......

    Office of the Chief Human
     Capital Officer:
        Salaries and expenses.            8,811             10,278             8,811   ................           -1,467
        MAX--HR System........           25,000             15,000             5,000           -20,000           -10,000
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Office of            33,811             25,278            13,811           -20,000           -11,467
           the Chief Human
           Capital Officer....    Office of the Chief
     Administrative Officer:
        Salaries and expenses.           40,218             42,575            42,575            +2,357   ................
        Nebraska Avenue                   8,206              6,000             6,000            -2,206   ................
         Complex facilities...
        Consilidated            ................           120,000            88,000           +88,000           -32,000
         Headquarters Project.
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Office of            48,424            168,575           136,575           +88,151           -32,000
           the Chief
           Administrative
           Officer............    Transfer to Aviation                (-5,000)  .................  ................          (+5,000)  ................
     Security (Public Law 110-
     5, sec. 21101)...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of the              148,640            278,350           234,883           +86,243           -43,467
       Under Secretary for
       Management (including
       transfers).............
          Appropriations......         (153,640)          (278,350)         (234,883)         (+81,243)         (-43,467)
          (transfer out)......          (-5,000)  .................  ................          (+5,000)  ................Office of the Chief Financial            26,000             32,800            30,076            +4,076            -2,724
 Officer......................Office of the Chief
 Information Officer:
    Salaries and expenses.....           79,521             82,400            82,400            +2,879   ................
    Information technology               61,013             56,200            56,200            -4,813   ................
     activities...............
    Security activities.......           89,387             89,400           149,400           +60,013           +60,000
    Wireless program..........           86,438   .................  ................          -86,438   ................
    Homeland Secure Data                 32,654             33,100            33,100              +446   ................
     Network (HSDN)...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Office of the           349,013            261,100           321,100           -27,913           +60,000
       Chief Information
       Officer................Analysis and Operations.......          299,663            314,681           306,000            +6,337            -8,681
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, Departmental               917,486            994,870           992,059           +74,573            -2,811
       Operations.............Office of the Federal                     3,000              3,000             3,000   ................  ................
 Coordinator for Gulf Coast
 Rebuilding...................  Office of Inspector GeneralOperating expenses............           85,185             99,111            95,211           +10,026            -3,900
    (transfer from Disaster             (13,500)  .................          (13,500)  ................         (+13,500)
     Relief)..................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Operating expenses               98,685             99,111           108,711           +10,026            +9,600
         (including transfers)
            Appropriations....          (85,185)           (99,111)          (95,211)         (+10,026)          (-3,900)
            by transfer.......          (13,500)  .................          (13,500)  ................         (+13,500)
                               =========================================================================================================================
              Total, title I,         1,019,171          1,096,981         1,103,770           +84,599            +6,789
               Departmental
               Management and
               Operations
               (including
               transfers).....
                  Appropriatio       (1,010,971)        (1,096,981)       (1,090,270)         (+79,299)          (-6,711)
                   ns.........
                  by transfer.          (13,500)  .................          (13,500)  ................         (+13,500)
                  transfer out          (-5,300)  .................  ................          (+5,300)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      TITLE II--SECURITY,
       ENFORCEMENT, AND
        INVESTIGATIONS Customs and Border ProtectionSalaries and expenses:
    Headquarters, Management,
     and Administration:
        Management and                  658,943            675,391           639,373           -19,570           -36,018
         administration,
         border security
         inspections and trade
         facilitation.........
        Management and                  589,446            602,016           597,016            +7,570            -5,000
         administration,
         border security and
         control between ports
         of entry.............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                   1,248,389          1,277,407         1,236,389           -12,000           -41,018
           Headquarters, Mgt,
           & Admin............    Border security
     inspections and trade
     facilitation:
        Inspections, trade,           1,326,665          1,610,202         1,675,685          +349,020           +65,483
         and travel
         facilitation at ports
         of entry.............
        Harbor maintenance fee            3,026              3,026             3,093               +67               +67
         collection (trust
         fund)................
        Container security              139,312            156,130           156,130           +16,818   ................
         initiative...........
        Other international               8,701              8,871            10,866            +2,165            +1,995
         programs.............
        Customs-Trade                    54,730             55,560            62,310            +7,580            +6,750
         Partnership Against
         Terrorism (C-TPAT)...
        Free and Secure Trade            11,243             11,243            11,243   ................  ................
         (FAST) NEXUS/SENTRI..
        Inspection and                  141,317            135,979           105,027           -36,290           -30,952
         detection technology
         investments..........            Emergency                   100,000   .................  ................         -100,000   ................
             appropriations...
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal........          241,317            135,979           105,027          -136,290           -30,952        Automated targeting              27,298             27,580            27,580              +282   ................
         systems..............
        National Targeting               23,635             23,950            23,950              +315   ................
         Center...............
        Other technology                 24,564             24,813            24,813              +249   ................
         investments,
         including I/T
         training.............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Border            1,860,491          2,057,354         2,100,697          +240,206           +43,343
           security
           inspections and
           trade facilitation.Border security and control
 between ports of entry:
    Border security and               2,239,586          2,984,443         2,984,443          +744,857   ................
     control..................
    SBINET training...........           37,924             52,789            52,789           +14,865   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Border                2,277,510          3,037,232         3,037,232          +759,722   ................
       security and control
       between ports of entry.Air and Marine Personnel                175,796            207,740           226,740           +50,944           +19,000
 Compensation and Benefits....
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and          5,562,186          6,579,733         6,601,058        +1,038,872           +21,325
       expenses...............
          Appropriations......       (5,459,160)        (6,576,707)       (6,597,965)      (+1,138,805)         (+21,258)
          Emergency                    (100,000)  .................  ................        (-100,000)  ................
           appropriations.....
          Trust fund..........           (3,026)            (3,026)           (3,093)             (+67)             (+67)Automation modernization:
    Automated commercial                316,800            316,969           316,969              +169   ................
     environment/International
     Trade Data System (ITDS).
    Automated commercial                134,640            159,640           159,640           +25,000   ................
     system and current
     operations and processing
     support..................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Automation              451,440            476,609           476,609           +25,169   ................
       modernization..........Border security fencing,                 28,365   .................  ................          -28,365   ................
 infrastructure, and
 technology (BSFIT)...........
    Emergency appropriations..        1,159,200   .................  ................       -1,159,200   ................
    Development and deployment  ................           936,000           863,000          +863,000           -73,000
    Operation and maintenance.  ................  .................           73,000           +73,000           +73,000
    Program management........  ................            64,000            64,000           +64,000   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, BSFIT.........        1,187,565          1,000,000         1,000,000          -187,565   ................
          Appropriations......          (28,365)        (1,000,000)       (1,000,000)        (+971,635)  ................
          Emergency                  (1,159,200)  .................  ................      (-1,159,200)  ................
           appropriations.....Air and Marine Interdiction,
 Operations, Maintenance, and
 Procurement:
    Operations and maintenance          236,454            353,954           365,614          +129,160           +11,660    Procurement...............          133,733            123,333           123,333           -10,400   ................
        Emergency                       232,000   .................  ................         -232,000   ................
         appropriations.......
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal............          365,733            123,333           123,333          -242,400   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Air and             602,187            477,287           488,947          -113,240           +11,660
           marine
           interdiction,
           operations,
           maintenance, and
           procurement........
              Appropriations..         (370,187)          (477,287)         (488,947)        (+118,760)         (+11,660)
              Emergency                (232,000)  .................  ................        (-232,000)  ................
               appropriations.Construction:
    Construction..............          122,978            249,663           274,863          +151,885           +25,200
    Construction (Border                110,000   .................  ................         -110,000   ................
     Patrol) (emergency)......
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Construction..          232,978            249,663           274,863           +41,885           +25,200      Total, Direct                   8,036,356          8,783,292         8,841,477          +805,121           +58,185
       appropriations for
       Customs and Border
       Protection.............Fee accounts:
    Immigration inspection             (529,300)          (535,291)         (535,291)          (+5,991)  ................
     user fee.................
    Immigration enforcement              (1,724)            (3,440)           (3,440)          (+1,716)  ................
     fines....................
    Land border inspection fee          (28,071)           (30,121)          (30,121)          (+2,050)  ................
    COBRA passenger inspection         (387,804)          (392,180)         (392,180)          (+4,376)  ................
     fee......................
    APHIS inspection fee......         (214,287)          (299,622)         (299,622)         (+85,335)  ................
    Puerto Rico collections...          (97,815)          (117,214)         (117,214)         (+19,399)  ................
    Small airport user fees...           (6,230)            (7,057)           (7,057)            (+827)  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, fee accounts..       (1,265,231)        (1,384,925)       (1,384,925)        (+119,694)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, Customs and             (9,301,587)       (10,168,217)      (10,226,402)        (+924,815)         (+58,185)
       Border Protection......
          Appropriations......       (6,435,156)        (8,783,292)       (8,841,477)      (+2,406,321)         (+58,185)
          Emergency                  (1,601,200)  .................  ................      (-1,601,200)  ................
           appropriations.....
          (Fee accounts)......       (1,265,231)        (1,384,925)       (1,384,925)        (+119,694)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
    Immigration and Customs
          EnforcementSalaries and expenses:
    Headquarters Management
     and Administration non-
     Detention and Removal
     Operations):
        Personnel compensation          140,000            162,137           164,637           +24,637            +2,500
         and benefits, service
         and other costs......
        Headquarters managed            134,013            152,306           152,306           +18,293   ................
         IT investment........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                     274,013            314,443           316,943           +42,930            +2,500
           Headquarters
           management and
           administration.....    Legal proceedings.........          187,353            207,850           207,850           +20,497   ................    Investigations:
        Domestic..............        1,285,229          1,372,328         1,411,101          +125,872           +38,773
        International.........          104,681            108,074           107,551            +2,870              -523
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                   1,389,910          1,480,402         1,518,652          +128,742           +38,250
           Investigations.....    Intelligence..............           51,379             52,146            52,146              +767   ................    Detention and removal
     operations:
        Custody Operations....        1,381,767          1,459,712         1,606,163          +224,396          +146,451
        Fugitive operations...          183,200            186,145           194,645           +11,445            +8,500
        Criminal Alien program          137,494            168,329           178,829           +41,335           +10,500
        Alternatives to                  43,600             43,889            43,889              +289   ................
         detention............
        Transportation and              238,284            249,084           282,526           +44,242           +33,442
         removal program......
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Detention         1,984,345          2,107,159         2,306,052          +321,707          +198,893
           and removal
           operations.........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Salaries          3,887,000          4,162,000         4,401,643          +514,643          +239,643
           and expenses.......Federal protective service:
    Basic security............          123,310            186,673           186,673           +63,363   ................
    Building specific security          392,701            426,327           426,327           +33,626   ................
     (including capital
     equipment replacement/
     acquisition).............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal                 516,011            613,000           613,000           +96,989   ................
       Protective Service.....    Offsetting fee collections         -516,011           -613,000          -613,000           -96,989   ................Automation modernization:                15,000   .................           15,000   ................          +15,000
 ATLAS........................Construction..................           26,281              6,000            16,250           -10,031           +10,250
    Emergency appropriations..           30,000   .................  ................          -30,000   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Construction..           56,281              6,000            16,250           -40,031           +10,250
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total direct                    3,958,281          4,168,000         4,432,893          +474,612          +264,893
       appropriations for
       Immigration and Customs
       Enforcement............Fee accounts:
    Immigration inspection             (108,000)          (113,500)         (113,500)          (+5,500)  ................
     user fee.................
    Breached bond/detention             (90,000)           (63,800)          (63,800)         (-26,200)  ................
     fund.....................
    Student exchange and                (54,349)           (56,200)          (56,200)          (+1,851)  ................
     visitor fee..............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, fee accounts..         (252,349)          (233,500)         (233,500)         (-18,849)  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Immigration          (4,726,641)        (5,014,500)       (5,279,393)        (+552,752)        (+264,893)
       and Customs Enforcement
       (gross)................
          Offsetting fee              (-516,011)         (-613,000)        (-613,000)         (-96,989)  ................
           collections........
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, Immigration and         (4,210,630)        (4,401,500)       (4,666,393)        (+455,763)        (+264,893)
       Customs Enforcement....
          Appropriations......       (3,928,281)        (4,168,000)       (4,432,893)        (+504,612)        (+264,893)
          Emergency                     (30,000)  .................  ................         (-30,000)  ................
           appropriations.....
          Fee accounts........         (252,349)          (233,500)         (233,500)         (-18,849)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
    Transportation Security
        AdministrationAviation security:
    Screening operations:
        Screener workforce:
            Privatized                  148,600            143,385           143,385            -5,215   ................
             screening........
            Passenger &               2,470,200          2,601,404         2,601,404          +131,204   ................
             Baggage screener--
             personnel,
             compensation, and
             benefits.........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal,               2,618,800          2,744,789         2,744,789          +125,989   ................
               Screener
               workforce......        Screening training and          244,466            200,466           200,466           -44,000   ................
         other................
        Human resource                  207,234            182,234           182,234           -25,000   ................
         services.............
        Checkpoint support....          173,366            136,000           136,000           -37,366   ................        EDS/ETD Systems:
            EDS procurement             279,400            440,000           529,400          +250,000           +89,400
             and installation.
            EDS/ETD                     222,000            264,000           257,000           +35,000            -7,000
             maintenance and
             other equipment..
            Operation                    23,000             25,000            25,000            +2,000   ................
             integration......
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, EDS/            524,400            729,000           811,400          +287,000           +82,400
               ETD Systems....
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal,               3,768,266          3,992,489         4,074,889          +306,623           +82,400
               Screening
               operations.....    Aviation security
     direction and
     enforcement:
        Aviation regulation             217,516            223,653           223,653            +6,137   ................
         and other enforcement
        Airport management,             666,032            655,933           645,933           -20,099           -10,000
         IT, and support......
        FFDO and flight crew             25,000             25,091            25,091               +91   ................
         training.............
        Air cargo.............           55,000             55,768            65,768           +10,768           +10,000
        Airport perimeter       ................  .................            4,000            +4,000            +4,000
         security.............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Aviation            963,548            960,445           964,445              +897            +4,000
           security direction
           and enforcement....    Discretionary fees:
        General aviation at     ................               200               200              +200   ................
         DCA..................
        Indirect air cargo....  ................                25                25               +25   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, Discretionary  ................               225               225              +225   ................
           fees...............    (by transfer) (Public Law            (7,300)  .................  ................          (-7,300)  ................
     110-5, sec. 21101).......    Aviation security capital          (250,000)  .................  ................        (-250,000)  ................
     fund.....................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Aviation security        4,739,114          4,953,159         5,039,559          +300,445           +86,400
       (gross) (including
       transfers).............
          Offsetting fee             -2,420,000         -2,710,000        -2,710,000          -290,000   ................
           collections (non-
           mandatory).........
          Discretionary fees--  ................              -225              -225              -225   ................
           offsetting
           collections (non-
           mandatory).........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Aviation security        2,319,114          2,242,934         2,329,334           +10,220           +86,400
       (net)..................
          Appropriation.......       (2,311,814)        (2,242,934)       (2,329,334)         (+17,520)         (+86,400)
          by transfer.........           (7,300)  .................  ................          (-7,300)  ................        Aviation security              (250,000)  .................  ................        (-250,000)  ................
         capital fund.........Surface transportation
 security:
    Staffing and operations...           24,000             24,485            24,485              +485   ................
    Rail security inspectors             13,200             16,928            16,928            +3,728   ................
     and canines..............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Surface                  37,200             41,413            41,413            +4,213   ................
       transportation securityTransportation Threat
 Assessment and Credentialing:
    Secure Flight.............           15,000             53,000            28,000           +13,000           -25,000
    Transfer to Aviation                (-2,000)  .................  ................          (+2,000)  ................
     Security (Public Law 110-
     5, sec. 21101)...........
    Crew vetting..............           14,700             14,990            14,990              +290   ................
    Screening administration             10,000              9,500             9,500              -500   ................
     and operations...........
    TWIC direct appropriations  ................  .................           15,000           +15,000           +15,000
    Registered Traveler                 (35,101)           (35,101)          (35,101)  ................  ................
     Program fees.............
    TWIC fees.................          (20,000)           (26,500)          (26,500)          (+6,500)  ................
    Hazardous materials fees..          (19,000)           (19,000)          (19,000)  ................  ................
    Alien Flight School (by              (2,000)            (2,000)           (2,000)  ................  ................
     transfer from DOJ)--fees.
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation         (113,801)          (160,091)         (150,091)         (+36,290)         (-10,000)
       Threat Assessment and
       Credentialing (Gross)
       (including transfers)..
          Fee funded programs.          (76,101)           (82,601)          (82,601)          (+6,500)  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation           37,700             77,490            67,490           +29,790           -10,000
       Threat Assessment and
       Credentialing (net)
       (including transfers)..
          Appropriations......          (39,700)           (77,490)          (67,490)         (+27,790)         (-10,000)
          (transfer out)......          (-2,000)  .................  ................          (+2,000)  ................Transportation security
 support:
    Administration:
        Headquarters                    294,191            294,191           294,191   ................  ................
         administration.......
        Information technology          210,092            209,324           209,324              -768   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                     504,283            503,515           503,515              -768   ................
           Administration.....    Intelligence..............           21,000             21,000            21,000   ................  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Transportation          525,283            524,515           524,515              -768   ................
       security support.......Federal Air Marshals:
    Management and                      628,494            644,173           644,173           +15,679   ................
     administration...........
    Travel and training.......           85,800             77,827            77,827            -7,973   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal Air             714,294            722,000           722,000            +7,706   ................
       Marshals...............Rescission of unobligated               -66,712   .................  ................          +66,712   ................
 balances.....................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, Transportation           6,312,980          6,401,178         6,477,578          +164,598           +76,400
       Security Administration
       (gross) (including
       transfers).............
          Offsetting fee             -2,420,000         -2,710,225        -2,710,225          -290,225   ................
           collections........
          Aviation security            (250,000)  .................  ................        (-250,000)  ................
           capital fund.......
          Fee accounts........          (76,101)           (82,601)          (82,601)          (+6,500)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, Transportation           3,566,879          3,608,352         3,684,752          +117,873           +76,400
       Security Administration
       (net) (including
       transfers).............
          Appropriations......       (3,628,291)        (3,608,352)       (3,684,752)         (+56,461)         (+76,400)
          Rescissions.........         (-66,712)  .................  ................         (+66,712)  ................
          by transfer.........           (7,300)  .................  ................          (-7,300)  ................
          transfer out........          (-2,000)  .................  ................          (+2,000)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================   United States Coast GuardOperating expenses:
    Military pay and                  2,788,276          2,958,622         2,958,622          +170,346   ................
     allowances...............
    Civilian pay and benefits.          569,434            630,669           633,319           +63,885            +2,650
    Training and recruiting...          180,876            186,548           186,548            +5,672   ................
    Operating funds and unit          1,011,374          1,138,199         1,138,199          +126,825   ................
     level maintenance........
    Centrally managed accounts          201,968            226,215           229,815           +27,847            +3,600
    Intermediate and depot              710,729            754,042           754,042           +43,313   ................
     level maintenance........
    Port Security enhancements           15,000   .................           30,000           +15,000           +30,000
    Less adjustment for                -340,000           -340,000          -340,000   ................  ................
     defense function.........
    Defense function..........          340,000            340,000           340,000   ................  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operating             5,477,657          5,894,295         5,930,545          +452,888           +36,250
       expenses...............
          Appropriations......       (5,137,657)        (5,554,295)       (5,590,545)        (+452,888)         (+36,250)
          Defense function....         (340,000)          (340,000)         (340,000)  ................  ................Environmental compliance and             10,880             12,079            12,079            +1,199   ................
 restoration..................
Reserve training..............          122,448            126,883           126,883            +4,435   ................Acquisition, construction, and
 improvements:
    Vessels:
        Response boat medium             24,750              9,200             9,200           -15,550   ................
         (41 ft UTB and NSB
         replacement).........
        Special purpose craft--           1,800   .................  ................           -1,800   ................
         Law enforcement
         (emergency)..........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Vessels...           26,550              9,200             9,200           -17,350   ................    Aircraft:
        HH-60 replacement.....           15,000   .................  ................          -15,000   ................    Other equipment:
        Automatic                        11,238             12,000            12,000              +762   ................
         identification system
        Defense messaging       ................             5,000             5,000            +5,000   ................
         system...............
        National distress and            39,600             80,800            80,800           +41,200   ................
         response system
         modernization (Rescue
         21)..................
        HF Recap..............            2,475              2,500             2,500               +25   ................        National Capital                 48,510             11,500            11,500           -37,010   ................
         Region Air Defense...
            Emergency                    18,000   .................  ................          -18,000   ................
             appropriations...
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal........           66,510             11,500            11,500           -55,010   ................            Maritime security   ................             1,800             1,800            +1,800   ................
             response team--
             shoothouse.......
            Interagency         ................  .................           60,000           +60,000           +60,000
             operational
             centers for Port
             Security.........
            Rescission........           -4,100   .................  ................           +4,100   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal, Other           115,723            113,600           173,600           +57,877           +60,000
               equipment......    Personnel compensation and
     benefits:
        Core acquisition costs              500                505               505                +5   ................
        Direct personnel cost.           80,500   .................  ................          -80,500   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Personnel            81,000                505               505           -80,495   ................
           compensation and
           benefits...........    Integrated deepwater
     systems:
        Aircraft:
            Maritime Patrol              47,616            170,016           170,016          +122,400   ................
             Aircraft (MPA)...
                Emergency               100,500   .................  ................         -100,500   ................
                 appropriation
                 s............
            VTOL unmanned                 4,950   .................  ................           -4,950   ................
             aerial vehicles
             (UAVs)...........
            HH-60 conversions.           49,302             57,300            52,300            +2,998            -5,000
            HC-130H conversion/          48,955             18,900            13,900           -35,055            -5,000
             sustainment......
            HH-65 conversion             32,373             50,800            50,800           +18,427   ................
             project..........
            Armed helicopter             55,740             24,600            24,600           -31,140   ................
             equipment........
            C-130J fleet                  4,950              5,800             5,800              +850   ................
             introduction.....
            Rescission........  ................  .................  ................  ................  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal,                 344,386            327,416           317,416           -26,970           -10,000
               Aircraft.......        Surface ships:
            National Security           362,280            165,700           165,700          -196,580   ................
             Cutter (NSC).....
                Emergency                55,500   .................  ................          -55,500   ................
                 appropriation
                 s............
            Fast Response                41,580   .................  ................          -41,580   ................
             Cutter (FRC-A)...
            Replacement Patrol           48,000             53,600            53,600            +5,600   ................
             Boat (FRC-B).....
            IDS small boats...            1,188              2,700             2,700            +1,512   ................
            Patrol Boat         ................            40,500            40,500           +40,500   ................
             sustainment......
            Medium endurance             45,318             34,500            34,500           -10,818   ................
             cutter
             sustainment......
            Reappropriation,             78,693   .................  ................          -78,693   ................
             patrol boats.....
            Rescission, Fast            -78,693   .................           -8,000           +70,693            -8,000
             Response Cutter..
            Rescission                  -20,000            -48,787           -48,787           -28,787   ................
             Offshore Patrol
             Cutter...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtotal,                 533,866            248,213           240,213          -293,653            -8,000
               Surface ships..        Technology              ................               700               700              +700   ................
         obsolescence.........        C4ISR.................           50,000             89,630            89,630           +39,630   ................
        Logistics.............           36,000             36,500            36,500              +500   ................
        Systems engineering              35,145             35,145            35,145   ................  ................
         and integration......
        Government program               46,475             50,475            50,475            +4,000   ................
         management...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Integrated        1,045,872            788,079           770,079          -275,793           -18,000
           deepwater systems..    Shore facilities and aids            22,000             37,897            37,897           +15,897   ................
     to navigation............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Acquisition,          1,306,145            949,281           991,281          -314,864           +42,000
       construction, and
       improvements...........
          Appropriations......       (1,233,138)          (998,068)       (1,048,068)        (-185,070)         (+50,000)
          Emergency                    (175,800)  .................  ................        (-175,800)  ................
           appropriations.....
          Rescissions.........        (-102,793)          (-48,787)         (-56,787)         (+46,006)          (-8,000)Alteration of bridges.........           16,000   .................           16,000   ................          +16,000
Research, development, test,             17,000             17,583            25,583            +8,583            +8,000
 and evaluation...............
Health care fund contribution.          278,704            272,111           272,111            -6,593   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, U.S. Coast            7,228,834          7,272,232         7,374,482          +145,648          +102,250
       Guard discretionary....Retired pay (mandatory).......        1,063,323          1,184,720         1,184,720          +121,397   ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, United States            8,292,157          8,456,952         8,559,202          +267,045          +102,250
       Coast Guard............
          Appropriations......       (8,219,150)        (8,505,739)       (8,615,989)        (+396,839)        (+110,250)
          Emergency                    (175,800)  .................  ................        (-175,800)  ................
           appropriations.....
          Rescissions.........        (-102,793)          (-48,787)         (-56,787)         (+46,006)          (-8,000)
                               =========================================================================================================================
 United States Secret ServiceSalaries and expenses:
    Administration:                     169,370            175,934           175,934            +6,564   ................
     Headquarters, management
     and administration.......
    Protection:
        Protection of persons           651,247            696,635           693,535           +42,288            -3,100
         and facilities.......
        Protective                       55,509             57,704            57,704            +2,195   ................
         intelligence
         activities...........
        National special                  1,000              1,000             1,000   ................  ................
         security events......
        NSSE reappropriation              2,500   .................  ................           -2,500   ................
         (H.R. 5441, sec. 560)
        NSSE rescission of               -2,500   .................  ................           +2,500   ................
         unobligated balances.
        Presidental candidate            18,400             85,250            85,250           +66,850   ................
         nominee protection...
        White House mail                 16,201             26,601            26,601           +10,400   ................
         screening............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Protection          742,357            867,190           864,090          +121,733            -3,100    Investigations:
        Domestic field          ................  .................          219,742          +219,742          +219,742
         operations...........
        International field     ................  .................           27,520           +27,520           +27,520
         office
         administration,
         operations...........
        Electronic crimes       ................  .................           44,565           +44,565           +44,565
         special agent program
         and electronic crimes
         task forces..........
        Support for missing     ................  .................            8,366            +8,366            +8,366
         and exploited
         children.............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,             ................  .................          300,193          +300,193          +300,193
           Investigations.....    Training: Rowley training            50,052             51,954            51,954            +1,902   ................
     center...................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and            961,779          1,095,078         1,392,171          +430,392          +297,093
       expenses...............Investigations and Field
 Operations:
    Domestic field operations.          236,093            219,742   ................         -236,093          -219,742
    International field                  22,616             27,520   ................          -22,616           -27,520
     administration and
     operations...............
    Electronic crimes special            44,079             44,565   ................          -44,079           -44,565
     agent program and
     electronic crimes task
     forces...................
    Forensic support and                  8,366              8,366   ................           -8,366            -8,366
     grants to NCMEC..........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Investigations          311,154            300,193   ................         -311,154          -300,193
       and Field operations...Acquisition, construction,                3,725              3,725             3,725   ................  ................
 improvements, and related
 expenses (Rowley training
 center)......................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, United States            1,276,658          1,398,996         1,395,896          +119,238            -3,100
       Secret Service.........
          Appropriations......       (1,279,158)        (1,398,996)       (1,395,896)        (+116,738)          (-3,100)
          Rescission..........          (-2,500)  .................  ................          (+2,500)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, title II,               25,130,331         26,415,592        26,914,220        +1,783,889          +498,628
       Security, Enforcement,
       and Investigations
       (including transfers)..          Appropriations......      (23,490,036)       (26,464,379)      (26,971,007)      (+3,480,971)        (+506,628)
          Emergency                  (1,807,000)  .................  ................      (-1,807,000)  ................
           appropriations.....
          Rescission..........        (-172,005)          (-48,787)         (-56,787)        (+115,218)          (-8,000)
          by transfer.........           (7,300)  .................  ................          (-7,300)  ................
          transfer out........          (-2,000)  .................  ................          (+2,000)  ................
          (Fee Accounts)......       (1,593,681)        (1,701,026)       (1,701,026)        (+107,345)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
    TITLE III--PROTECTION,
  PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE AND
           RECOVERY    National Protection and
           ProgramsManagement and administration:
    Administrative activities.           37,812             46,290            30,000            -7,812           -16,290
    Risk management and         ................  .................  ................  ................  ................
     analysis.................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Management and              37,812             46,290            30,000            -7,812           -16,290
       administration.........Infrastructure Protection and            54,580   .................  ................          -54,580   ................
 Information Security
 Management and administration
    Infrastructure protection:
        Indentification and              69,064             68,970            74,522            +5,458            +5,552
         analysis.............
        Coordination and                 80,772             57,821            54,930           -25,842            -2,891
         information sharing..
        Mitigation programs...           74,991            108,793           118,353           +43,362            +9,560
        Risk analysis.........            2,316              4,532             4,305            +1,989              -227
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total,                        227,143            240,116           252,110           +24,967           +11,994
           Infrastructure
           protection.........    Cyber security............           92,000             97,688            92,000   ................           -5,688
    Office of Emergency                  17,000             35,700            45,915           +28,915           +10,215
     Communications...........
    National Security/
     Emergency Preparedness
     Telecommunications:
        Priority                        105,568             82,821            78,680           -26,888            -4,141
         telecommunications...
        Next generation                  14,080             52,064            30,000           +15,920           -22,064
         networks.............
        Programs to study and            14,125             16,733            15,896            +1,771              -837
         enhance
         telecommunications...
        Critical                          8,341             10,905            10,360            +2,019              -545
         infrastructure
         protection...........
        Risk analysis.........            1,158              2,250             2,138              +980              -112
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Total, National               143,272            164,773           137,074            -6,198           -27,699
           Security/Emergency
           Preparedness
           Telecommunications.
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                     533,995            538,277           527,099            -6,896           -11,178
           Infrastructure
           Protection and
           Information
           Security...........U.S. Visitor and Immigrant              362,494            462,000           362,000              -494          -100,000
 Status Indicator Technology..
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, National                   934,301          1,046,567           919,099           -15,202          -127,468
       Protection and Programs
                               =========================================================================================================================
   Office of Health AffairsChief Medical Officer.........            4,980   .................  ................           -4,980   ................
Biowatch......................           78,120             79,108            79,108              +988   ................
National biosurveillence                  8,000              8,000             8,000   ................  ................
 integration system...........
Rapidly deployable chemical               2,600              2,600             2,600   ................  ................
 detection system.............
Planning and coordination.....  ................             4,475             4,475            +4,475   ................
Salaries and expenses.........            5,598             23,750            20,817           +15,219            -2,933
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Office of Health            99,298            117,933           115,000           +15,702            -2,933
       Affairs................ Federal Emergency Management
            AgencyManagement and administration:
    Operations activities.....          219,000            420,020           426,020          +207,020            +6,000
    Management activities.....          282,000            216,580           216,580           -65,420   ................
    Urban search and rescue              25,000             25,000            30,000            +5,000            +5,000
     teams....................
    Office of National Capitol            2,741              6,000             6,000            +3,259   ................
     Region Coordination......
    National Preparedness                 6,459   .................  ................           -6,459   ................
     Integration Program......
    (transfer from Disaster     ................           (48,000)          (48,000)         (+48,000)  ................
     relief)..................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Management and          535,200            715,600           726,600          +191,400           +11,000
       administration
       (including transfers)..
          by transfer.........  ................           (48,000)          (48,000)         (+48,000)  ................
          Appropriations......         (535,200)          (667,600)         (678,600)        (+143,400)         (+11,000)
              (Non-defense             (479,360)          (618,360)         (589,670)        (+110,310)         (-28,690)
               appropriations)
              (Defense                   55,840             49,240            88,930           +33,090           +39,690
               appropriations)  State and Local AssistanceState and Local Programs:
    State grants:
        State Homeland                  525,000            250,000           525,000   ................         +275,000
         Security Grant
         Program..............
        Law enforcement                 375,000   .................          375,000   ................         +375,000
         terrorism prevention
         grants...............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, State               900,000            250,000           900,000   ................         +650,000
           grants.............    Discretionary grants:
        UASI: High-threat,              770,000            800,000           820,000           +50,000           +20,000
         high-density urban
         area.................
        Regional catastrophic   ................  .................           50,000           +50,000           +50,000
         preparedness grants..
        Buffer Zone Protection           50,000             50,000            50,000   ................  ................
         Program..............
        Port security grants..          210,000            210,000           400,000          +190,000          +190,000
        Rail and transit                175,000            175,000           400,000          +225,000          +225,000
         security grants......
        Trucking security                12,000              9,000            16,000            +4,000            +7,000
         grants...............
        Intercity bus security           12,000             12,000            12,000   ................  ................
         grants...............
        Metropolitan Medical             33,000   .................           33,000   ................          +33,000
         Response System
         grants...............
        Citizen Corps grants..           15,000             15,000            15,000   ................  ................
        REAL ID grants........  ................  .................  ................  ................  ................
        Interoperable           ................  .................  ................  ................  ................
         communications grants
        Commercial equipment             50,000   .................           40,000           -10,000           +40,000
         direct assistance
         program..............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                   1,327,000          1,271,000         1,836,000          +509,000          +565,000
           Discretionary
           grants.............    National Programs:
        National Domestic                88,000             38,000            88,000   ................          +50,000
         Preparedness
         Consortium...........
        Center for Domestic              57,000             48,500            57,000   ................           +8,500
         Preparedness.........
        Noble Training Center.            5,500              5,500             5,500   ................  ................
        National exercise                49,000             50,000            50,000            +1,000   ................
         program..............
        Technical assistance..            6,000              6,000            14,000            +8,000            +8,000
        Demonstration/                   61,000   .................           30,000           -31,000           +30,000
         Competitive..........
        Continuing training     ................             3,000            31,000           +31,000           +28,000
         grants...............
        Evaluations and                  19,000             19,000            19,000   ................  ................
         assessments..........
        Rural Domestic                   12,000   .................  ................          -12,000   ................
         Preparedness
         Consortium...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------          Subtotal, National            297,500            170,000           294,500            -3,000          +124,500
           Programs...........        Management and          ................             5,000   ................  ................           -5,000
         administration.......
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, State and         2,524,500          1,696,000         3,030,500          +506,000        +1,334,500
           Local Programs.....Firefighter assistance grants:
    Fire grants...............          547,000            300,000           560,000           +13,000          +260,000
    Staffing for Adequate Fire          115,000   .................          140,000           +25,000          +140,000
     and Emergency Response
     (SAFER) Act grants.......
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Firefighter             662,000            300,000           700,000           +38,000          +400,000
       Assistance grants......Emergency management                    200,000            200,000           300,000          +100,000          +100,000
 performance grants...........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, State and             3,386,500          2,196,000         4,030,500          +644,000        +1,834,500
       Local Assistance.......Radiological Emergency                     -477               -505              -505               -28   ................
 Preparedness Program.........United States Fire                       41,349             43,300            43,300            +1,951   ................
 Administration...............Public health programs........           33,885   .................  ................          -33,885   ................Disaster relief...............        1,500,000          1,700,000         1,700,000          +200,000   ................
    (transfer to Management     ................          (-48,000)         (-48,000)         (-48,000)  ................
     and administration)......
    (transfer to Inspector             (-13,500)  .................         (-13,500)  ................         (-13,500)
     General).................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster              1,486,500          1,652,000         1,638,500          +152,000           -13,500
       Relief.................Disaster assistance direct
 loan program account:
    (Limitation on direct               (25,000)           (25,000)          (25,000)  ................  ................
     loans)...................
    Direct loan subsidy.......  ................               295               295              +295   ................
    Administrative expenses...              569                580               580               +11   ................Flood map modernization fund..          198,980            194,881           200,000            +1,020            +5,119National flood insurance fund:
    Salaries and expenses.....           38,230             45,642            45,642            +7,412   ................
    Flood hazard mitigation...           90,358             99,358            99,358            +9,000   ................
    Offsetting fee collections         -128,588           -145,000          -145,000           -16,412   ................
    Transfer to National flood         (-31,000)          (-34,000)         (-34,000)          (-3,000)  ................
     mitigation fund..........National flood mitigation fund          (31,000)           (34,000)          (34,000)          (+3,000)  ................
 (by transfer)................
National pre-disaster                   100,000            100,053           120,000           +20,000           +19,947
 mitigation fund..............
Emergency food and shelter....          151,470            140,000           153,000            +1,530           +13,000
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Emergency        5,933,976          5,042,204         6,912,270          +978,294        +1,870,066
       Management Agency
       (including transfers)..
              Appropriations..       (5,947,476)        (5,042,204)       (6,925,770)        (+978,294)      (+1,883,566)
              by transfer.....          (31,000)           (82,000)          (82,000)         (+51,000)  ................
              transfer out....         (-44,500)          (-82,000)         (-95,500)         (-51,000)         (-13,500)
          (Limitation on                (25,000)           (25,000)          (25,000)  ................  ................
           direct loans)......Rescission, Counter Terrorism           -16,000   .................  ................          +16,000   ................
 Fund.........................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, title III,               6,951,575          6,206,704         7,946,369          +994,794        +1,739,665
       Protection,
       Preparedness, Response
       and Recovery (including
       transfers).............
              Appropriation...        6,981,075          6,206,704         7,959,869          +978,794        +1,753,165
              Rescission......         (-16,000)  .................  ................         (+16,000)  ................
              By transfer.....          (31,000)           (82,000)          (82,000)         (+51,000)  ................
              Transfer out....         (-44,500)          (-82,000)         (-95,500)         (-51,000)         (-13,500)
          (Limitation on                (25,000)           (25,000)          (25,000)  ................  ................
           direct loans)......
                               =========================================================================================================================
    TITLE IV--RESEARCH AND
  DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND
           SERVICES     U.S. Citizenship and
     Immigration ServicesBusiness transformation.......           47,000   .................  ................          -47,000   ................
Systematic Alien Verification            21,100   .................  ................          -21,100   ................
 for Entitlements (SAVE)......
Employment Eligibility                  113,890             30,000            30,000           -83,890   ................
 Verification (EEV) program...
FBI background check..........  ................  .................           20,000           +20,000           +20,000
Benefit parole programs.......  ................  .................              523              +523              +523
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Citizenship             181,990             30,000            50,523          -131,467           +20,523
       and Immigration
       Services...............Adjudication services (fee
 account):
    Pay and benefits..........         (624,600)          (763,962)         (763,962)        (+139,362)  ................
    District operations.......         (385,400)          (551,701)         (551,701)        (+166,301)  ................
    Service center operations.         (267,000)          (354,527)         (354,527)         (+87,527)  ................
    Asylum, refugee and                 (75,000)           (91,120)          (91,120)         (+16,120)  ................
     international operations.
    Records operations........          (67,000)           (80,589)          (80,589)         (+13,589)  ................
    Business transformation...  ................          (139,000)         (139,000)        (+139,000)  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Adjudication         (1,419,000)        (1,980,899)       (1,980,899)        (+561,899)  ................
       services...............Information and customer
 services (fee account):
    Pay and benefits..........          (81,000)           (93,132)          (93,132)         (+12,132)  ................
    Operating expenses:
        National Customer               (48,000)           (49,357)          (49,357)          (+1,357)  ................
         Service Center.......
        Information services..          (15,000)           (19,375)          (19,375)          (+4,375)  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal,                    (144,000)          (161,864)         (161,864)         (+17,864)  ................
           Information and
           customer services..Administration (fee account):
    Pay and benefits..........          (45,000)           (79,268)          (79,268)         (+34,268)  ................
    Operating expenses........         (196,000)          (295,289)         (295,289)         (+99,289)  ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Administration         (241,000)          (374,557)         (374,557)        (+133,557)  ................Systematic Alien Verification   ................           (21,552)          (21,552)         (+21,552)  ................
 for Entitlements (SAVE) (fee
 accounts)....................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, U.S. Citizenship        (1,985,990)        (2,568,872)       (2,589,395)        (+603,405)         (+20,523)
       and Immigration
       Services...............
          Appropriations......         (181,990)           (30,000)          (50,523)        (-131,467)         (+20,523)
          Total Fees..........       (1,804,000)        (2,538,872)       (2,538,872)        (+734,872)  ................
          (Immigration               (1,760,000)        (2,494,872)       (2,494,872)        (+734,872)  ................
           Examination Fee
           Account)...........
          (Fraud prevention             (31,000)           (31,000)          (31,000)  ................  ................
           and detection fee
           account)...........
          (H1B Non-Immigrant            (13,000)           (13,000)          (13,000)  ................  ................
           Petitioner fee
           account)...........
                               =========================================================================================================================
    Federal Law Enforcement
        Training CenterSalaries and expenses:
    Law enforcement training..          209,743            219,786           219,786           +10,043   ................
    Accreditation.............            1,290   .................            1,290   ................           +1,290
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Salaries and            211,033            219,786           221,076           +10,043            +1,290
       expenses...............Acquisition, Construction,
 Improvements, and Related
 expenses:
    Direct appropriation......           42,246             43,270            44,470            +2,224            +1,200
    Construction (emergency)..           22,000   .................  ................          -22,000   ................
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal................           64,246             43,270            44,470           -19,776            +1,200
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Federal Law                275,279            263,056           265,546            -9,733            +2,490
       Enforcement Training
       Center.................
          Appropriations......         (253,279)          (263,056)         (265,546)         (+12,267)          (+2,490)
          Emergency                     (22,000)  .................  ................         (-22,000)  ................
           appropriations.....
                               =========================================================================================================================
    Science and TechnologyManagement and administration.          134,000            142,632           140,632            +6,632            -2,000Research, development,
 acquisition, and operations:
    Borders and maritime......           33,436             25,936            25,479            -7,957              -457
    Chemical and biological...          229,453            228,949           216,038           -13,415           -12,911
    Command, control and                 57,612             63,600            61,763            +4,151            -1,837
     interoperability.........
    Explosives................          105,231             63,749            81,726           -23,505           +17,977
    Human factors.............            6,800             12,600             6,706               -94            -5,894
    Infrastructure and                   74,781             24,000            64,000           -10,781           +40,000
     geophysical..............
    Innovation................           38,000             59,900            46,000            +8,000           -13,900
    Laboratory facilities.....          105,649             88,814           103,814            -1,835           +15,000
    Test and evaluation/                 25,432             25,520            24,219            -1,213            -1,301
     standards................
    Transition................           24,040             24,700            23,901              -139              -799
    University programs.......           48,575             38,700            38,718            -9,857               +18
    Homeland Security
     Institute:
        Non-add...............          (10,000)           (10,000)  ................         (-10,000)         (-10,000)
        Appropriation.........  ................  .................            5,000            +5,000            +5,000
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Subtotal, Research,           749,009            656,468           697,364           -51,645           +40,896
           development,
           acquisition, and
           operations.........
              (Non-defense             (453,009)          (481,468)         (522,364)         (+69,355)         (+40,896)
               related
               appropriations)
              (Defense related         (296,000)          (175,000)         (175,000)        (-121,000)  ................
               appropriations)Rescission of unobligated              -125,000   .................  ................         +125,000   ................
 balances.....................
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, Science and                758,009            799,100           837,996           +79,987           +38,896
       Technology.............
                               =========================================================================================================================
  Domestic Nuclear Detection
            OfficeManagement and administration.           30,468             34,000            32,000            +1,532            -2,000Research, development, and
 operations:
    Systems engineering and              26,500             25,100            22,400            -4,100            -2,700
     architecture.............
    Systems development.......           99,500            108,100           132,100           +32,600           +24,000
    Transformational research            72,600            100,000           100,000           +27,400   ................
     and development..........
    Assessments...............           25,600             32,000            32,000            +6,400   ................
    Operational support.......           35,000             37,800            34,500              -500            -3,300
    National Technical Nuclear           13,300             16,900            15,000            +1,700            -1,900
     Forensics Center.........
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Research, development,            272,500            319,900           336,000           +63,500           +16,100
       and operations.........Systems acquisition:
    Radiation Portal Monitors/          165,500            171,500           144,000           -21,500           -27,500
     Advanced Spectroscopic
     Portal Program...........
    Securing the Cities.......  ................            30,000            25,000           +25,000            -5,000
    Human Portal Radiation               12,500              6,500            13,000              +500            +6,500
     Detection System Program.
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Systems                 178,000            208,000           182,000            +4,000           -26,000
       acquisition............
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, Domestic Nuclear           480,968            561,900           550,000           +69,032           -11,900
       Detection Office.......
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Total, title IV,                1,696,246          1,654,056         1,704,065            +7,819           +50,009
       Research and
       Development, Training,
       and Services...........
              Appropriations..       (1,799,246)        (1,654,056)       (1,704,065)         (-95,181)         (+50,009)
              Emergency                 (22,000)  .................  ................         (-22,000)  ................
               appropriations.
          (Fee Accounts)......       (1,804,000)        (2,538,872)       (2,538,872)        (+734,872)  ................
                               =========================================================================================================================
  TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 522 Rescission of          ................  .................          -45,000           -45,000           -45,000
 unobligated balances.........
Sec. 533 Citizenship and        ................  .................  ................  ................  ................
 Immigration services (CBO)...
                               -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Total, title V, General   ................  .................          -45,000           -45,000           -45,000
       Provisions.............
                               =========================================================================================================================
      Grand total.............       34,797,323         35,373,333        37,623,424        +2,826,101        +2,250,091
              Appropriations..      (33,281,328)       (35,422,120)      (37,725,211)      (+4,443,883)      (+2,303,091)
              Emergency              (1,829,000)  .................  ................      (-1,829,000)  ................
               appropriations.
              Rescissions.....        (-313,005)          (-48,787)        (-101,787)        (+211,218)         (-53,000)
              Fee funded             (3,397,681)        (4,239,898)       (4,239,898)        (+842,217)  ................
               programs.......
          (Limitation on                (25,000)           (25,000)          (25,000)  ................  ................
           direct loans)......
          (Transfer out)......         (-51,800)          (-82,000)         (-95,500)         (-43,700)         (-13,500)
          (By transfer).......          (51,800)           (82,000)          (95,500)         (+43,700)         (+13,500)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------