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111th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                     111-60

======================================================================
                                     


                         CONCURRENT RESOLUTION
                            ON THE BUDGET--
                            FISCAL YEAR 2010

                               ----------                              

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                        COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              to accompany

                            H. Con. Res. 85

SETTING FORTH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET FOR THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 
FOR FISCAL YEAR 2010 AND INCLUDING THE APPROPRIATE BUDGETARY LEVELS FOR 
                FISCAL YEARS 2009 AND 2011 THROUGH 2014

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS




 March 27, 2009.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed



         CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET--FISCAL YEAR 2010



For Sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov  Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; (202) 512�091800  
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111th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                     111-60

======================================================================




                         CONCURRENT RESOLUTION

                            ON THE BUDGET--

                            FISCAL YEAR 2010

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                        COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET

                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              to accompany

                            H. Con. Res. 85

SETTING FORTH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET FOR THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 
FOR FISCAL YEAR 2010 AND INCLUDING THE APPROPRIATE BUDGETARY LEVELS FOR 
                FISCAL YEARS 2009 AND 2011 THROUGH 2014

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS




 March 27, 2009.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed



                        COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET

             JOHN M. SPRATT, Jr., South Carolina, Chairman
ALLYSON Y. SCHWARTZ, Pennsylvania    PAUL RYAN, Wisconsin,
MARCY KAPTUR, Ohio                     Ranking Minority Member
XAVIER BECERRA, California           JEB HENSARLING, Texas
LLOYD DOGGETT, Texas                 SCOTT GARRETT, New Jersey
EARL BLUMENAUER, Oregon              MARIO DIAZ-BALART, Florida
MARION BERRY, Arkansas               MICHAEL K. SIMPSON, Idaho
ALLEN BOYD, Florida                  PATRICK T. McHENRY, North Carolina
JAMES P. McGOVERN, Massachusetts     CONNIE MACK, Florida
NIKI TSONGAS, Massachusetts          JOHN CAMPBELL, California
BOB ETHERIDGE, North Carolina        JIM JORDAN, Ohio
BETTY McCOLLUM, Minnesota            CYNTHIA M. LUMMIS, Wyoming
CHARLIE MELANCON, Louisiana          STEVE AUSTRIA, Ohio
JOHN A. YARMUTH, Kentucky            ROBERT B. ADERHOLT, Alabama
ROBERT E. ANDREWS, New Jersey        DEVIN NUNES, California
ROSA L. DeLAURO, Connecticut         GREGG HARPER, Mississippi
CHET EDWARDS, Texas                  ROBERT E. LATTA, Ohio
ROBERT C. ``BOBBY'' SCOTT, Virginia
JAMES R. LANGEVIN, Rhode Island
RICK LARSEN, Washington
TIMOTHY H. BISHOP, New York
GWEN MOORE, Wisconsin
GERALD E. CONNOLLY, Virginia
KURT SCHRADER, Oregon



                            C O N T E N T S

                                                                   Page
Overview.........................................................     1
Economic Assumptions and Revenues................................     4
Title I. Recommended Levels and Amounts:
    Explanation of Committee Recommendations by Function:
        050 National Defense.....................................     7
        150 International Relations..............................    11
        250 General Science, Space, and Technology...............    13
        270 Energy...............................................    15
        300 Natural Resources and Environment....................    17
        350 Agriculture..........................................    19
        370 Commerce and Housing Credit..........................    21
        400 Transportation.......................................    23
        450 Community and Regional Development...................    25
        500 Education, Training, Employment and Social Services..    27
        550 Health...............................................    29
        570 Medicare.............................................    31
        600 Income Security......................................    33
        650 Social Security......................................    35
        700 Veterans Benefits and Services.......................    37
        750 Administration of Justice............................    39
        800 General Government...................................    41
        900 Net Interest.........................................    43
        920 Allowances...........................................    45
        950 Undistributed Offsetting Receipts....................    47
        970 Overseas Deployments and Other Activities............    49
Title II. Reconciliation.........................................    51
Title III. Reserve Funds.........................................    53
Title IV. Budget Enforcement.....................................    59
Title V. Policy..................................................    63
Title VI. Sense of the House.....................................    65
Allocations to Committees........................................    67
Summary Tables...................................................    71
Votes of the Committee...........................................    93
House Rule XXVIII................................................   121
Other Matters To Be Included Under the Rules of the House........   123
Minority Views...................................................   124
Appendix--The Concurrent Resolution on the Budget................   145


                              T A B L E S

                                                                   Page
Allocation of Spending Authority to House Committee on 
  Appropriations.................................................    68
Allocations of Spending Authority to House Committees Other Than 
  Appropriations.................................................    69
Summary Table 1.--Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Resolution Total 
  Spending and Revenues..........................................    71
Summary Table 2.--Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Resolution 
  Discretionary Spending.........................................    73
Summary Table 3.--Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Resolution Mandatory 
  Spending.......................................................    75
Summary Table 4.--Tax Expenditure Estimates by Budget Function, 
  Fiscal Years 2008-2012.........................................    77
Summary Table 5.--Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Resolution Compared to 
  President's Budget.............................................    87
Summary Table 6.--Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Resolution Compared to 
  2009:
  Total Spending and Revenues....................................    88
Summary Table 7.--Fiscal Year 2010 Budget Resolution Compared to 
  2009:
  Total Spending and Revenues....................................    90



111th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session                                                     111-60

======================================================================



 
                 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET--
                            FISCAL YEAR 2010

                                _______
                                

SETTING FORTH THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET FOR THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 
FOR FISCAL YEAR 2010 AND INCLUDING THE APPROPRIATE BUDGETARY LEVELS FOR 
                FISCAL YEARS 2009 AND 2011 THROUGH 2014

                                _______
                                

 March 27, 2009.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Spratt, from the Committee on the Budget, submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                     [To accompany H. Con. Res. 85]

                                OVERVIEW

    President Bush has dealt President Obama a hard hand to 
play: an economy in crisis and a budget in deficit--in deficit 
this year alone by $1.752 trillion according to the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB). President Obama has responded with 
a budget that meets the challenge head-on, and the Committee 
budget reflects his major principles.
    The President has recognized that we have not one but two 
deficits. The first is an economy running at 6.8 percent, or $1 
trillion below its potential. To move our economy closer to its 
capacity, the President has signed into law a package of 
stimulus measures, totaling $787 billion. Its impact is a bit 
early to estimate, but here's what the Congressional Budget 
Office (CBO) says in its Analysis of the President's Budget, 
issued a week ago: ``. . . the adoption of the American 
Recovery and Reinvestment Act and very aggressive actions by 
the Federal Reserve and the Treasury will help end the 
recession this fall.'' (CBO's Preliminary Analysis of the 
President's Budget, March 2009, page 19).
    The President next turned to the budget. He has sent 
Congress a budget that cuts the deficit by more than half by 
2013, from $1.8 trillion this year to $533 billion in 2013, 
according to OMB estimates. It's all but impossible to balance 
the budget when the economy is in recession, and for that 
matter, it's also unadvisable. Much of what we do to make the 
economy better necessarily makes the deficit larger, at least 
for the short run.
    But the stark reality is that the deficit that President 
Bush left behind will constitute a massive 12.3 percent of our 
Gross Domestic Product (GDP). At least two-thirds of that stems 
from tax and spending policies undertaken by the Bush 
Administration. Almost everyone would agree that this is an 
unsustainable deficit.
    President Obama has responded with a budget that will pare 
the deficit down to 3 percent of GDP in 2013. His budget cuts 
the deficit by more than half in four years. The Committee 
budget uses CBO numbers and reduces the deficit to $586 billion 
in 2013, which is 3.5 percent of GDP, roughly the rate of 
growth in the economy for that year.
    The President's budget is not so committed to deficit 
reduction that it overrides other needs. In fact, it takes on 
topics that earlier budgets have found too tough to tackle, 
like health care for the millions of Americans without 
insurance. On top of that, it puts defense spending on a more 
sustainable path, with an increase of 4 percent, and makes a 
moderate adjustment to non-defense, discretionary spending.
    In spite of deficits, the President's budget launches 
initiatives to make our economy more productive and our people 
more competitive: first, in education and in particular in 
efforts to make college more affordable and accessible; next, 
in health care for the millions uninsured; and finally, in 
alternative energies to reduce our dependence on foreign oil 
and the depletion of our environment. The Committee budget 
facilitates these priorities by the creation of deficit-neutral 
reserve funds.
    This budget extends the middle-income tax cuts adopted in 
2001 and 2003--the 10 percent bracket, the child tax credit, 
and marital penalty relief. It indexes the alternative minimum 
tax to keep it from burdening middle-income taxpayers for whom 
it was never intended. It also extends estate tax exemptions at 
the 2009 levels, and it indexes the exemptions for future 
years.
    Our colleagues on the other side of the aisle have 
complained about the President's tax and spending policies. But 
CBO's non-partisan analysis of the President's budget concludes 
that ``Proposed changes in tax policy would reduce revenues by 
an estimated $2.1 trillion (or 6.1 percent) over the next ten 
years.''
    The President's major initiatives--those in health care, 
energy, education, and the environment--are all implemented via 
reserve funds that are deficit-neutral.
    The Committee budget strikes all of these themes, and with 
a few exceptions, embraces the priorities of the President's 
budget. This is just the beginning, but a bold beginning for 
the 2010 five-year budget process.
    The Committee budget is in the form of a five-year budget, 
using CBO's scoring and CBO's estimate of the economy. OMB has 
projected its budget over ten years, but a five-year budget is 
not unusual. In fact, it's the customary time-frame for 
budgeting. In recent years, four deficit-reduction plans been 
enacted, and all implemented less than 10-year budgets: the 
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings, 1985-86; the Bush Budget Summit, 1990-
91; the Clinton Budget, 1993; and the Balanced Budget Act of 
1997.
    The farther forecasts run into the future, the more tenuous 
they become. It is hard enough to project the economy ten 
months out, much less ten years. Five-year forecasts are, 
therefore, more realistic, and if the projected results do not 
pan out, more amenable to adjustment.
    All projections rest on assumptions about the future, and 
the underlying assumptions can have a large impact on the 
bottom-line. For example, will our military still be deployed 
in Iraq and Afghanistan ten years from now? When will the 
economy bounce back? Real estate and automotives are key 
sectors of our economy. When will they regain their potency?
    The congressional budget process is an annual process, and 
therefore it's an iterative process. Since we revisit the 
budget every year, we can continually take steps to correct its 
course. The Committee will be mindful of the second five years, 
and as we approach 2015 and 2016, will be making corrections to 
see that the deficit stays on a downward trajectory. But those 
corrections can be made better when our economy has emerged 
from recession, and the course of the economy is more evident.
    The fiscal situation we face today stands in marked 
contrast to the fiscal situation the Bush Administration faced 
eight years ago when it took office. Under President Clinton, 
the budget was balanced in 1998 for the first time in nearly 
thirty years. From 1998 to 2001, some $400 billion in Treasury 
debt was paid off. The year before President Bush took office, 
the budget ran a surplus of $236 billion. But during eight 
years on his watch, budget deficits roared back, government 
debt all but doubled, and spending grew dramatically.
    Instead of inheriting a surplus, President Obama inherited 
a record deficit equal to $1.752 trillion this year, according 
to OMB. At least $1.3 trillion is a carryover from the Bush 
Administration. On top of that, the economy is mired in the 
worst recession since the 1930s. When he took office in 2001, 
President Bush took control of a ten-year surplus projected by 
OMB at $5.6 trillion. Democrats warned President Bush that 
though he was sitting on an island of surpluses, he was 
surrounded by a sea of red ink. We thought these surpluses 
should be used to pay off outstanding government debt. This 
would have increased net national saving, and rendered the 
Treasury more solvent to meet the claims of the baby boomers 
for Social Security and Medicare. President Bush told us we 
could have it all--guns, butter, and tax cuts too, and never 
mind the deficits. Eight years and $5 trillion dollars of debt 
later, the country is confronted with the worst deficits in our 
peace-time history.
    The Committee budget builds on the support for education 
built into the Recovery Act and backs the President's proposals 
for further investments in education, extending from early 
childhood through post-secondary education and training. This 
budget accommodates the President's proposal to expand access 
to college for more people--only about 40 percent of Americans 
aged 25 to 34 have a college degree--by continuing to raise the 
maximum Pell grant, and does so in a deficit-neutral way. This 
budget could support other assistance that helps more low-
income high school graduates afford, attend, and complete 
college. This budget invests in educating our youth by starting 
with support for the President's initiatives in early childhood 
education and following through with approaches to making sure 
all children learn and achieve in elementary and secondary 
school.
    The budget reflects the President's commitment to bolster 
America's energy independence and security. It builds on 
significant funding and tax incentives in the Recovery Act by 
raising our investments in renewable energy and energy 
efficiency. It also allows for legislation that will promote 
energy independence over the long term.
    This budget also supports and facilitates reforms in our 
health care system to bend the cost curve and at the same time 
make affordable coverage available to the estimated 46 million 
Americans who lack medical insurance.
    The Committee budget puts the budget back on a fiscally 
sustainable path while advancing key priorities in health care, 
energy, and education, all goals that the American people 
support.

                   Economic Assumptions and Revenues

    The budget resolution adopts the March 2009 economic 
forecast of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), as updated 
to include the forecasted economic effects of the Recovery Act, 
and takes CBO's March 2009 projections of spending and revenues 
under current law as the baseline. CBO's economic assumptions 
include the following (all references are to calendar years, 
not fiscal years, unless otherwise noted):
    Unemployment: CBO expects the unemployment rate to rise 
substantially from an estimated 5.8 percent in 2008 to 8.8 
percent in 2009, 9.0 percent in 2010, and 7.7 percent in 2011. 
The unemployment rate is assumed to average 5.6 percent for 
years 2012-15 and 4.8 percent thereafter.
    Interest Rates: Interest rates are projected to be 
unusually low for 2009 and 2010 but rise closer to historical 
norms over the rest of the budget window. Short-term interest 
rates are projected to fall to 0.3 percent in 2009, but begin 
to rise again to 0.9 percent in 2010, 1.8 percent in 2011, 
averaging 4.0 percent over 2012-15 and averaging 4.7 percent 
over the remainder of the budget window. Long-term rates are 
projected to fall to the 2.9 to 4.0 percent range in 2009-11, 
rising to an average of 5.1 percent over 2012-15 and 5.6 
percent over 2016-19.
    Real GDP Growth: CBO projects that real GDP growth will 
drop substantially from an estimated 1.1 percent in 2008 to 
-3.0 percent in 2009, with growth recovering to 2.9 percent in 
2010 due in large part to the American Recovery and 
Reinvestment Act of 2009. Real GDP would then grow 4.0 percent 
in 2011, before averaging 3.6 percent over 2012-15 and falling 
to 2.3 percent thereafter.
    Inflation: CBO forecasts very low inflation over the budget 
window. Inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) 
drops from 3.8 percent in 2008 to -0.7 percent in 2009, before 
rebounding in 2010 to 1.4 percent, and averaging 1.2 percent 
over 2011-15, before rising to 1.9 percent over the 2016-2019 
period. The GDP price index, meanwhile, falls from 2.2 percent 
in 2008 to 1.5 percent in 2009, and then remains below 1 
percent through 2015 until rising to an average of 1.6 percent 
in the 2016-19 period.
    The President's budget assumes stronger growth in real GDP 
than CBO projects. This and other differences in assumptions 
result in the Administration's forecast showing an extra $2,798 
billion in revenue over fiscal years 2010-2019 compared with 
CBO's March forecast.
    The budget resolution calls for reducing the revenues 
provided under CBO's baseline forecast by $613.2 billion over 
the 2009-2014 period and by $1,480.2 billion over the 2010-19 
period. This reduction in revenues reflects the budget 
resolution's extension of the elements of the 2001-03 tax cuts 
benefitting middle class families (including, but not limited 
to the child tax credit, marriage penalty relief, the 10 
percent bracket, education incentives, other benefits for 
families with children, reductions in other individual income 
tax brackets, and small business tax relief). The budget 
resolution also extends the estate tax at 2009 levels--
eliminating estate taxes on all but a minute fraction of 
estates by reforming and substantially increasing the unified 
tax credit. It also includes a one-year patch of the 
Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). The resolution also accommodates 
additional AMT relief in a deficit-neutral manner. The 
resolution further accommodates deficit-neutral extension of 
other expiring tax provisions and other proposals that support 
working families, businesses, states, or communities. It also 
accommodates other high priority deficit-neutral revenue 
adjustments, such as tax incentives for energy efficiency and 
renewable energy, the deduction for State and local taxes, and 
a tax credit for construction of public schools. Decisions 
about specific revenue offsets are made by the Ways and Means 
Committee, which has a significant range of offsets that it can 
consider. However, unless expressly indicated otherwise, the 
resolution does not assume any of the specific revenue offset 
proposals provided for in the President's budget.
                TITLE I--RECOMMENDED LEVELS AND AMOUNTS

          EXPLANATION OF COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS BY FUNCTION

                              ----------                              


                     FUNCTION 050: NATIONAL DEFENSE

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The National Defense function includes the military 
activities of the Department of Defense (DoD), the nuclear-
weapons related activities of the Department of Energy (DOE) 
and the National Nuclear Security Administration, the national 
security activities of several other agencies such as the 
Selective Service Agency, and portions of the activities of the 
Coast Guard and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The 
programs in this function include: the pay and benefits of 
active, Guard, and reserve military personnel; DoD operations 
including training, maintenance of equipment, and facilities; 
health care for military personnel and dependents; procurement 
of weapons; research and development; construction of military 
facilities, including housing; research on nuclear weapons; and 
the cleanup of nuclear weapons production facilities.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                         FUNCTION 050: NATIONAL DEFENSE
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      618.1      562.0      570.1      579.1      589.9      603.8    2,905.0
    Outlays........................      646.8      606.0      587.9      576.0      584.7      595.5    2,950.2
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............      614.4      556.1      564.3      573.6      584.4      598.2    2,876.7
    Outlays........................      641.9      600.0      582.1      570.5      579.2      589.9    2,921.7
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............        3.6        5.9        5.8        5.5        5.5        5.6       28.3
    Outlays........................        4.9        6.0        5.8        5.6        5.5        5.6      28.4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $12.7 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    There is no higher priority than the defense of our nation, 
and therefore this resolution makes the necessary investments 
and calls for the necessary reforms to ensure the country is 
able to meet the security challenges of the 21st century.
    The resolution includes specific defense policy assumptions 
in Title V, section 502. It recognizes that as the country 
faces its worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, DoD 
needs to get the most out of every dollar it spends by making 
tough but necessary tradeoffs to ensure resources are applied 
to the most effective and operationally viable programs, and by 
assessing national security needs in a comprehensive manner 
that includes all agencies involved in our national security.
    The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the 
United States (commonly referred to as the 9/11 Commission) 
identified terrorists with weapons of mass destruction as our 
number one threat. Consequently, it is the policy of the 
resolution that non-proliferation programs, such as the 
Cooperative Threat Reduction program and the nonproliferation 
programs at the Department of Energy, be funded at a level that 
is commensurate with the evolving threat. The resolution 
recognizes that our most important security resource is our men 
and women who serve in uniform. To honor their service, it is 
the policy of the resolution to not only ensure that they are 
properly equipped and trained to perform their mission, but 
that they also have the proper support in terms of health care, 
pay, and support for their families. The resolution also 
includes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for an expansion of 
eligibility to permit additional disabled military retirees to 
receive both disability compensation and retired pay.
    In recent years, cost overruns on major weapons programs 
have worsened. According to the Government Accountability 
Office (GAO), the cost of major weapon systems on DoD's books 
as of 2007 increased nearly $300 billion above initial 
estimates. As a result, our military is not able to purchase 
equipment in adequate quantities to equip our servicemen and 
servicewomen. To put our defense plans on a sustainable path 
and to meet our military's equipment requirements, the 
resolution affirms the Administration's calls to make 
acquisition reform a top priority. According to GAO, 
government-wide spending on contractor services has more than 
doubled over the last ten years. DoD has expanded the use of 
contractors in its acquisition process to aid in program 
management functions and has relied heavily on contractors to 
carry out operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. This trend has 
implications for DoD in terms of accountability, operational 
effectiveness, and cost. Consequently, it is the policy of the 
resolution that DoD review the role that contractors play in 
its operations, including the degree to which contractors are 
performing inherently governmental functions, to ensure it has 
the most effective mix of government and contracted personnel.
    GAO has performed numerous audits and has produced numerous 
recommendations regarding DoD's programs and processes that 
have produced billions of dollars of savings. According to a 
GAO report released in December 2008, DoD implemented 1,682 
recommendations made by GAO from 2001 to 2007 that have 
resulted in financial benefits exceeding $89 billion. There are 
still 758 recommendations made over that period that DoD has 
not yet implemented that could yield billions of dollars in 
further savings. The resolution continues to highlight the need 
for DoD to continue to make implementation of GAO 
recommendations a top priority and, to the extent possible, 
encourages DoD to use savings resulting from implemented GAO 
recommendations toward any upfront investments needed to 
implement the remaining 758 recommendations.
    The House resolution encourages the committees with 
jurisdiction over defense to continue to conduct vigorous 
oversight with the objective of ferreting out wasteful 
practices, fraud, and abuse. It encourages the committees to 
require DoD to report to Congress on its progress in 
implementing GAO recommendations, the role contractors play in 
its operations, its assessment of the applicability of Cold 
War-era weapons to meet 21st century threats, and how well 
DoD's comprehensive Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness 
(FIAR) plan is moving the Department toward achieving a clean 
audit.
    DoD spends billions of dollars on fuel and electricity for 
its planes, ships, vehicles and facilities each year and 
increasing world demand for energy could therefore have 
significant consequences for our military in the future. As a 
result, the resolution calls on DoD to investigate the benefit 
of alternative energy sources and energy efficiency 
conversions. The Department should pursue those technologies 
that could reduce its energy needs, enhance expeditionary 
operations, achieve savings, and reduce dependence on 
unreliable energy sources.
    The resolution continues to recognize the need for the DoD 
to develop a shipbuilding plan that is viable in terms of 
providing an adequate number of ships for the Navy to perform 
its mission and that is viable in terms of sustaining the 
industrial base.
    Our national security is not solely dependent on our 
military, and other agencies and programs are important to 
effectively address the threats of today and mitigate the 
possibility of future threats. Therefore, it is the policy of 
this resolution that coordination is needed to ensure that all 
of our agencies involved in our national security work in a 
complementary way, and that when assessing security threats and 
the funding needed to counter them, the Administration should 
do so in a comprehensive manner that includes all agencies 
involved in our national security.
                  FUNCTION 150: INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 150 covers funding for U.S. international 
activities, including: operating and securing U.S. embassies 
and consulates throughout the world; providing military 
assistance to allies; assisting refugees; aiding developing 
nations; dispensing economic assistance to fledgling 
democracies; promoting U.S. exports abroad; making U.S. 
payments to international organizations; and contributing to 
international peacekeeping efforts. The major agencies in this 
function include the Departments of State, Agriculture, and the 
Treasury; the U.S. Agency for International Development; and 
the Millennium Challenge Corporation.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                       FUNCTION 150: INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       40.9       45.3       49.1       53.7       59.2       64.4      271.8
    Outlays........................       37.8       43.5       48.6       52.1       55.8       59.3      259.3
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       42.7       48.5       52.8       57.1       61.5       65.9      285.7
    Outlays........................       41.3       46.3       50.0       53.7       57.6       61.5      269.1
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       -1.8       -3.1       -3.6       -3.3       -2.3       -1.5      -14.0
    Outlays........................       -3.5       -2.8       -1.4       -1.6       -1.8       -2.2      -9.8
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $0.4 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The 2009 level of discretionary budget authority includes 
$4.5 billion in enacted supplemental appropriations. It does 
not include an additional $7.1 billion in supplemental 
appropriations for 2009 that the President has said he plans to 
request for international affairs, which is included under 
Function 970 (Overseas Deployments and Related Activities).
    For 2010, the resolution provides $10.2 billion (26.8 
percent) more discretionary budget authority than the 2009 
level, excluding supplemental funding, and $5.8 billion (13.6 
percent) more funding than total enacted funding for 2009 so 
far. The resolution provides $5.4 billion (9.9 percent) less 
than the President's 2010 budget, which includes his proposal 
to provide in the regular budget request funding that has in 
recent years been requested and appropriated as supplemental 
funding. Pursuant to the resolution, funding designated as an 
emergency or for overseas deployments and related activities 
does not count against the Appropriations Committee's 
allocation provided in this resolution.
    This function's negative mandatory budget authority and 
outlay levels reflect receipts of the foreign military sales 
trust fund, the repayment of loans and credits by foreign 
nations, and the liquidation of economic assistance loans, 
foreign military financing loans, Export-Import Bank loans, and 
housing and other credit guaranty programs.
    The Committee shares the President's commitment to reduce 
global hunger and poverty. The resolution provides funding in 
this function to help achieve the goal of cutting it in half by 
no later than 2015.
    The House notes the strong support for H.R. 44, the Guam 
World War II Loyalty Recognition Act, which the House approved 
on February 23, 2009. The House also approved this legislation 
during the 110th Congress (H.R. 1595). The bill authorizes 
compensation to the Guamanian victims of the Imperial Japanese 
military occupation during World War II.
          FUNCTION 250: GENERAL SCIENCE, SPACE AND TECHNOLOGY

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The General Science, Space, and Technology function 
includes funding for the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration (NASA) except for its aviation programs, the 
National Science Foundation (NSF), as well as programs in the 
Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                              FUNCTION 250: GENERAL SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       35.4       31.1       31.5       33.4       34.4       35.7      166.1
    Outlays........................       31.0       32.5       32.4       32.5       33.6       34.8      165.8
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       35.3       31.0       31.4       33.2       34.3       35.6      165.5
    Outlays........................       30.9       32.3       32.3       32.3       33.5       34.7      165.1
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.6
    Outlays........................        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1       0.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $5.9 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution total for this function equals the 
level requested by the President for FY 2010, and for all five 
years in the budget window. Funding for scientific research and 
education is also included in Function 270 (Energy), Function 
300 (Environment and Natural Resources), Function 350 
(Agriculture), Function 370 (Commerce and Housing Credit), 
Function 400 (Transportation), Function 500 (Education, 
Training, Employment, and Social Services), and Function 550 
(Health). This funding will support the science and technology 
goals of the House Leadership's Innovation Agenda and the 
America COMPETES Act: to put NSF funding on a path toward 
doubling, to train more qualified science and math teachers, 
and to invest in basic research on energy technologies.
                          FUNCTION 270: ENERGY

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 270 covers energy-related programs including 
research and development, environmental clean-up, and rural 
utility loans. Most of these programs are within the Department 
of Energy (DOE). This function covers about 20 percent of 
appropriated funding for DOE but does not include DOE's 
national security activities, which are in Function 050 
(National Defense), or its basic research and science 
activities, which are in Function 250 (General Science, Space, 
and Technology). This function also includes the Department of 
Agriculture's Rural Utilities Service, the Tennessee Valley 
Authority, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and the 
Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                              FUNCTION 270: ENERGY
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       43.9        5.5        5.5        5.7        6.1        6.2       29.1
    Outlays........................        3.0        7.3       11.3       13.4       12.1       10.5       54.6
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       45.0        6.7        6.7        6.8        6.8        6.9       33.8
    Outlays........................        5.4       10.0       13.7       15.1       13.6       12.1       64.5
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       -1.1       -1.2       -1.2       -1.0       -0.7       -0.6       -4.7
    Outlays........................       -2.4       -2.8       -2.4       -1.7       -1.5       -1.6      -9.9
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $31.6 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The 2009 level of discretionary budget authority includes 
$39.4 billion in supplemental appropriations from the Recovery 
Act. The resolution for 2010 builds on this Recovery Act 
funding for renewable energy, energy efficiency, emerging 
energy and vehicle technologies, and other important 
investments to increase the United States' energy independence 
and create new jobs. The resolution provides $1.0 billion (18.4 
percent) more in appropriated funding for 2010 than the 2009 
level of regular appropriations. The resolution recognizes the 
importance of continuing adequate funding for the 
Weatherization Assistance Program, which helps lower-income 
families to reduce their energy bills and increase the comfort 
and safety of their homes.
    The Committee urges the Appropriations Committee to include 
language in its appropriations bill to implement a ``net zero'' 
policy for the annual expenses of the Power Marketing 
Administration (PMAs). The President's budget also supports 
this proposal. Reclassifying these receipts would more closely 
link the PMAs' annual appropriations with payments from their 
customers.
            FUNCTION 300: NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Natural Resources and Environment function consists of 
funding for water resources, conservation, land management, 
pollution control and abatement, and recreational resources. 
Major departments and agencies in this function are the 
Department of the Interior (including the National Park 
Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the Bureau of 
Reclamation, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Minerals 
Management Service), conservation-oriented and land management 
agencies within the Department of Agriculture (including the 
Forest Service), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA) at the Department of Commerce, the Army 
Corps of Engineers, and the Environmental Protection Agency 
(EPA).

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                 FUNCTION 300: NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       56.0       37.4       38.6       39.2       39.3       40.0      194.6
    Outlays........................       36.8       40.5       40.2       40.1       39.8       40.0      200.5
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       54.6       35.1       36.5       36.8       37.3       37.9      183.5
    Outlays........................       36.3       38.9       38.1       37.6       37.3       37.8      189.7
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............        1.4        2.3        2.1        2.4        2.1        2.1       11.1
    Outlays........................        0.6        1.6        2.2        2.4        2.4        2.2      10.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $16.8 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution matches the President's total 
discretionary funding request for this function, and provides 
increased resources for programs such as the Land and Water 
Conservation Fund, the EPA's Clean Water and Drinking Water 
State Revolving Funds, and other EPA programs. The Budget 
Committee recognizes the need for maintaining and upgrading 
water infrastructure in the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands and other U.S. territories, and encourages 
relevant federal agencies to work with territory governments on 
this issue. The resolution also allows for additional funding 
for other programs at NOAA, the Department of the Interior, and 
the Forest Service.
    For mandatory spending, the House resolution assumes levels 
provided by current law. The resolution includes a deficit-
neutral reserve fund that accommodates legislation to increase 
investments in renewable energy and energy independence, 
encourage new technological development, take steps to provide 
for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and help families, 
businesses, the environment and industries adapt to the new 
energy economy.
                       FUNCTION 350: AGRICULTURE

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Agriculture function includes farm income 
stabilization, agricultural research, and other services 
administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The 
discretionary programs include research and education programs, 
economics and statistics services, administration of the farm 
support programs, farm loan programs, meat and poultry 
inspection, and a portion of the Public Law 480 international 
food aid program. The mandatory programs include commodity 
programs, crop insurance, and certain farm loans.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                            FUNCTION 350: AGRICULTURE
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       25.0       23.7       24.7       21.6       22.5       23.2      115.7
    Outlays........................       23.1       24.0       24.0       17.5       22.1       22.2      109.7
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............        6.3        6.1        6.2        6.3        6.4        6.5       31.5
    Outlays........................        6.1        6.2        6.1        6.2        6.3        6.4       31.3
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       18.6       17.6       18.5       15.4       16.1       16.7       84.2
    Outlays........................       17.0       17.7       17.9       11.3       15.7       15.7      78.4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $0.3 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution provides resources for commodity 
support, agricultural research, and the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service, including activities to support eradication 
of the Asian Longhorn Beetle.
    For mandatory spending, the House resolution assumes levels 
provided by current law. For discretionary programs, the 
resolution matches the levels in the President's budget.
               FUNCTION 370: COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 370 includes mortgage credit, the Bureau of the 
Census, the Postal Service, deposit insurance, the Small 
Business Administration, and other advancement of commerce 
programs (the majority of the discretionary and mandatory 
spending in this function).
    The mortgage credit component of this function includes 
housing assistance through the Federal Housing Administration, 
the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), and the 
Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), among 
other programs and institutions. Function 370 also includes the 
Department of the Treasury's Troubled Assets Relief Program 
(TARP).

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                  FUNCTION 370: COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT\1\
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      699.1       64.2       28.2        9.5       17.2       11.2      130.4
    Outlays........................      670.1       88.9       40.0        8.6        5.6       -2.5      140.6
Discretionary:\2\
    Budget Authority...............       13.2       13.2        6.4        5.1        4.2        4.0       32.9
    Outlays........................        6.3       13.3        9.2        7.2        5.9        4.5       40.2
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      685.9       51.0       21.9        4.4       13.0        7.2       97.5
    Outlays........................      663.8       75.6       30.8        1.5       -0.4       -7.0     100.4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes both on- and off-budget amounts.
\2\2009 includes $7.9 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The discretionary function total for 2010 includes 
significantly increased funding to ensure that the Bureau of 
the Census has the necessary resources to hire workers and to 
complete the 2010 Census. The 2010 total also fully accounts 
for funding to support Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and 
other mortgage credit programs in order to respond to the 
current housing crisis.
    The Committee notes that the goal of the Treasury's 
Troubled Assets Relief Program is to help stabilize credit and 
housing markets, not to use eventual returns to support 
additional, non-related spending. Proceeds from the sale of 
troubled assets, repayments of loans, or other resulting 
revenues to the Treasury from Federal assistance provided under 
the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, Public Law 
110-343, should be available to reduce the Federal deficit and 
the public debt.
                      FUNCTION 400: TRANSPORTATION

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 400 consists mostly of the programs administered 
by the Department of Transportation, including programs for 
highways, mass transit, aviation, and maritime activities. This 
function also includes two components of the Department of 
Homeland Security: the Coast Guard and the Transportation 
Security Administration. In addition, this function includes 
several small transportation-related agencies and the research 
program for civilian aviation at the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration (NASA).

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                          FUNCTION 400: TRANSPORTATION
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      122.5       88.2       89.1       90.0       90.9       91.8      449.9
    Outlays........................       87.8       95.7       96.5       95.9       96.2       96.8      481.0
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       79.1       31.4       31.9       32.4       32.9       33.3      162.0
    Outlays........................       85.7       93.5       94.2       93.4       93.6       94.1      468.8
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       43.4       56.7       57.1       57.6       57.9       58.5      287.9
    Outlays........................        2.1        2.2        2.3        2.4        2.5        2.7      12.2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $49.5 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution recognizes that transportation 
programs are charged with helping to pull the economy out of 
the recession. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act made 
significant investments in highway construction, mass transit, 
passenger rail, and aviation. In addition, as the Safe, 
Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A 
Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) expires, the House will craft a 
new highway and transit bill for the 2010-2015 period.
    The House's task of reauthorizing highway construction 
programs is made more difficult by a large set of current law 
rescissions to contract authority, a form of mandatory budget 
authority. Beginning in 2010, the resolution restores the 
mandatory baseline for the federal-aid highway program so that 
its funding authority is in line with current projections of 
obligation limitations. The resolution retains current 
scorekeeping practices for contract authority programs.
    In order to address the highway and transit programs during 
reauthorization, the resolution includes a surface 
transportation reserve fund that provides further increases to 
highway and transit contract authority if the future 
legislation maintains a solvent Highway Trust Fund.
    Finally, as a part of the reauthorization of the Federal 
Aviation Administration, the resolution accommodates increases 
to the Airport Improvement Program (AIP).
            FUNCTION 450: COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 450 includes federal programs to improve community 
economic conditions, promote rural development, and assist in 
federal preparations for and response to disasters. This 
function provides appropriated funding for the Community 
Development Block Grant, Department of Agriculture rural 
development programs, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency, and other disaster mitigation and 
community development-related programs. It also provides 
mandatory funding for the federal flood insurance program.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                FUNCTION 450: COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       23.8       18.3       21.2       21.3       21.2       21.3      103.3
    Outlays........................       30.0       29.3       27.5       25.7       24.2       22.8      129.5
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       23.0       17.9       21.1       21.1       21.2       21.3      102.5
    Outlays........................       26.3       26.9       26.6       25.0       23.7       22.8      124.9
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............        0.8        0.4        0.2        0.2        0.0        0.0        0.8
    Outlays........................        3.7        2.4        1.0        0.8        0.4       -0.1       4.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $8.2 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution provides increased funding to 
accommodate urgent community development and homeland security 
needs, which could include full funding for the Community 
Development Block Grant (CDBG), similar to the President's 
budget. Function 450 also accommodates funding for a new 
National Infrastructure Bank, capitalized with federal funds, 
to direct public and private dollars towards infrastructure 
investments of national or regional significance. However, 
because a National Infrastructure Bank is not yet authorized, 
the resolution includes initial funding in 2010 and larger 
amounts over the 2011-2014 period.
   FUNCTION 500: EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL SERVICES

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 500 includes funding for the Department of 
Education, as well as programs in the Department of Health and 
Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Labor. This function 
provides funding for elementary and secondary, career and 
technical, and post-secondary educational programs; job 
training and employment services; children and family services; 
and statistical analysis and research related to these areas. 
It also contains funding for the Library of Congress and 
independent research and arts agencies.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                       FUNCTION 500: EDUCATION, TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL SERVICES
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      164.3       93.7      107.9      117.1      115.9      125.8      560.4
    Outlays........................       73.2      140.3      141.1      118.4      118.9      121.0      639.6
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............      188.5       88.7       97.4      103.1      107.4      111.4      508.0
    Outlays........................       94.8      138.6      130.8      106.8      107.8      111.0      594.9
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      -24.2        5.0       10.4       14.0        8.5       14.4       52.4
    Outlays........................      -21.6        1.7       10.4       11.6       11.1       10.0      44.8
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $104.7 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The 2010 budget resolution supports the President's 
investments in education from early childhood through post-
secondary education and training and shares the President's 
goal of improving American education and creating a workforce 
that is prepared to compete and succeed in the global economy. 
The resolution supports the President's plan to make a new 
investment in early childhood education, improve student 
achievement in elementary and secondary education through both 
proven strategies and innovative approaches, and increase the 
number of high school graduates that attend and complete higher 
education by making college more affordable and accessible. The 
resolution also accommodates the President's support for strong 
job training services that will prepare Americans for stable 
and high-paying jobs.
    The 111th Congress has already made significant new 
investments in education in the Recovery Act, which provided 
about $100 billion that states will use primarily to maintain 
elementary, secondary, and higher education services. The 
Recovery Act targeted significant funds to Title I (Education 
for the Disadvantaged), Head Start, and special education, 
where the funding can be used to train more teachers to provide 
needed services in the future. This budget resolution builds 
upon that start by providing the level of funding in the 
President's request for education, job training, and social 
services for 2010.
    The resolution's funding could support services that will 
help students meet high standards and will provide effective 
teachers and principals, including investments in key programs 
such as Head Start and the Individuals with Disabilities 
Education Act. It also could support the No Child Left Behind 
Act programs that work to close the achievement gap and ensure 
that all children learn, including Impact Aid and after-school 
services. The funding could be used as a down payment on a 
comprehensive literacy initiative for the nation that 
encompasses early childhood, elementary, and secondary 
education.
    This year Congress increased the maximum Pell Grant award 
by $619--the largest annual increase for a program that helps 
more than seven million students pay for college. The 
resolution provides discretionary funding to support the 
President's Pell grant increase for 2010. Going forward, the 
resolution could accommodate the President's proposals to 
provide additional assistance to help more low-income high 
school graduates attend and complete college, provided they are 
enacted in a fiscally responsible way. Further assistance could 
include expanding access to Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities as well as Hispanic-serving institutions and other 
minority-serving institutions, which continue to make important 
contributions towards increasing the percentage of minority 
students gaining a college degree.
    The Committee urges the Committee on Education and Labor to 
review options for the student loan program that will maintain 
a role for FFELP lenders in the student loan program, and to 
look to ways to achieve savings that capitalize on current 
infrastructure and minimize the disruption to students and the 
employees of FFELP lenders who currently serve 75 percent of 
loans at American colleges, universities, and community 
colleges.
    The resolution continues to support two-year advance 
funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and 
recognizes that public television and radio stations are 
experiencing financial distress as a result of the recession.
    The resolution contains a reserve fund to accommodate 
legislation that makes college more affordable, consistent with 
the House pay-as-you-go rule. It also contains fiscally 
responsible reconciliation instructions directing the Committee 
on Education and Labor to report a bill that invests in 
education while reducing the deficit by $1 billion over the 
2009-2014 period.
                          FUNCTION 550: HEALTH

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Health function includes most direct health care 
service programs as well as funding for anti-bioterrorism 
activities, national biomedical research, protecting the health 
of the general population and workers in their places of 
employment, providing health services for under-served 
populations, and promoting training for the health care 
workforce. The major programs in this function include 
Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program 
(SCHIP), health benefits for federal workers and retirees, the 
National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Food and Drug 
Administration (FDA), the Health Resources and Services 
Administration (HRSA), the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention (CDC), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health 
Services Administration (SAMHSA), the Indian Health Service 
(IHS), and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                              FUNCTION 550: HEALTH
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      380.2      383.9      364.9      369.9      389.7      400.5    1,908.8
    Outlays........................      354.4      388.7      367.6      368.6      384.4      400.2    1,909.5
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       75.5       58.2       60.2       61.5       63.2       65.8      308.9
    Outlays........................       57.6       64.7       64.1       62.1       61.7       63.4      316.0
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      304.7      325.8      304.7      308.3      326.5      334.6    1,600.0
    Outlays........................      296.8      324.1      303.5      306.4      322.7      336.8   1,593.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $17.1 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The discretionary resources for Function 550 for 2010 match 
the President's 2010 request and increase funding over the 2010 
baseline level, enabling support of the President's priorities 
for cancer research, food safety, and other important programs. 
The resolution provides critical resources for public health, 
which includes programs focused on addressing health promotion 
and disease prevention. Preventative health care measures and 
disease management have the potential to lead to more efficient 
use of health care spending, and reduced illness, as well as an 
improvement in the health of the public.
    Programs in Function 550 are also addressed in the 
resolution's deficit-neutral reserve funds for health care 
reform and the 9/11 health program.
                         FUNCTION 570: MEDICARE

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Medicare function includes funding to administer and to 
provide benefits under the Medicare program. Medicare is a 
federal health insurance program that currently covers 44 
million Americans aged 65 and older, as well as younger adults 
who are disabled or suffer from end-stage renal disease.
    Congress provides an annual appropriation for the costs of 
administering Medicare, including resources to conduct program 
integrity activities to guard against improper payments, fraud, 
and abuse. The remainder of spending in this function is 
mandatory and reflects payments to health care providers and 
private insurance plans, as well as beneficiary premiums and 
other receipts and payments to the Medicare trust funds, under 
the Part A Hospital Insurance (HI) program, the Part B 
Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) program, the Part C 
Medicare Advantage program, and the Part D Prescription Drug 
program.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                             FUNCTION 570: MEDICARE
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      427.1      449.7      505.2      513.8      558.2      616.3    2,643.2
    Outlays........................      426.7      449.8      505.0      513.6      558.4      616.2    2,642.9
Discretionary:
    Budget Authority...............        5.4        5.6        6.0        6.1        6.2        6.3       30.2
    Outlays........................        5.3        5.6        6.0        6.1        6.2        6.3       30.1
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      421.7      444.1      499.1      507.7      552.0      610.0    2,613.0
    Outlays........................      421.5      444.2      499.0      507.5      552.2      609.9    2,612.8
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The budget resolution function level for Medicare assumes 
that the payment rates in effect for physicians for 2009 will 
stay in effect through 2019. This assumption is consistent with 
the President's budget and is based on Congressional actions in 
recent years to prevent cuts in physician payments that would 
otherwise be required by the Sustainable Growth Rate formula. 
However, like the President's budget, the budget resolution 
does not intend this assumption as a reflection of future 
policy. Instead, the assumption represents a realistic and 
meaningful benchmark against which to measure the fiscal 
effects of legislation reforming the Medicare physician payment 
system. The resolution includes a reserve fund (Sec. 314) to 
accommodate legislation for improvements in Medicare's system 
for paying physicians.
    The resolution provides a discretionary cap adjustment of 
$311 million for additional activities aimed at detecting and 
preventing Medicare fraud and other improper payments. The 
Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control program is a joint effort 
of the Department of Health and Human Services, the HHS Office 
of the Inspector General, and the Department of Justice.
                     FUNCTION 600: INCOME SECURITY

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 600 consists of a range of income security 
programs that provide cash or near-cash assistance (e.g., 
housing, nutrition, and energy assistance) to low-income 
persons, and benefits to certain retirees, persons with 
disabilities, and the unemployed. Housing assistance programs 
account for the largest share of discretionary funding in this 
function. Major federal entitlement programs in this function 
include unemployment insurance, trade adjustment assistance, 
income support, food stamps, Temporary Assistance to Needy 
Families, foster care, and Supplemental Security Income. 
Federal and other retirement and disability programs comprise 
approximately one third of the funds in this function.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                          FUNCTION 600: INCOME SECURITY
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      520.1      536.2      510.6      478.0      483.4      485.4    2,493.6
    Outlays........................      503.0      539.9      513.4      478.3      482.7      483.8    2,498.2
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       74.1       62.8       65.5       67.2       68.9       70.7      335.1
    Outlays........................       64.1       67.9       70.1       70.1       70.6       70.8      349.4
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      446.1      473.4      445.1      410.8      414.5      414.7    2,158.5
    Outlays........................      439.0      472.1      443.3      408.2      412.2      413.0   2,148.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $13.8 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution matches the President's increase in 
discretionary funding for Function 600 in order to invest in 
children and meet urgent needs of low-income families and 
elderly and disabled people in difficult economic times. These 
resources will build upon the recently enacted Recovery Act, 
which provided increases in mandatory and discretionary funding 
for child care, child support, and assistance to needy 
families.
    The Committee shares the President's commitment to ending 
childhood hunger in the United States by 2015, and funding to 
move toward that goal is provided here. The resolution 
accommodates continued economically driven increases in 
participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for 
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), which is currently 
projected to have 9.8 million participants in 2010. The 
resolution also includes a deficit-neutral reserve fund and 
additional funding to accommodate a reauthorization of child 
nutrition programs that will improve meal quality and access.
    The resolution provides the necessary funding to continue 
rental housing assistance to families, elderly, and disabled 
people who rely on assistance from the Department of Housing 
and Urban Development (HUD). The Committee also recognizes the 
unmet need for affordable housing, both by including a deficit-
neutral reserve fund for the Affordable Housing Trust Fund, and 
by providing additional discretionary resources for affordable 
housing preservation.
    The resolution also accommodates the President's proposal 
to make the Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) 
more quickly responsive to rising energy costs, coupled with an 
increase in regular discretionary funding to allow the program 
to reach families in need.
    In addition to the policies mentioned above, mandatory 
programs in Function 600 are also addressed in deficit-neutral 
reserve funds for home visiting, structural reform of extended 
unemployment benefits, and child support.
                     FUNCTION 650: SOCIAL SECURITY

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Social Security function includes funding for the Old-
Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) programs, 
which provide earned Social Security benefits to nearly 50 
million eligible retired workers, disabled persons, and their 
spouses and survivors. In addition, this function provides 
funding to the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the 
Office of the Inspector General (OIG) to administer the Social 
Security program and ensure program integrity.
    Under provisions of the Congressional Budget Act and the 
Budget Enforcement Act, the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance 
(OASI) trust fund and the Disability Insurance (DI) trust fund 
are off-budget and do not appear in the budget resolution 
totals. A small portion of spending in Function 650--the 
general fund transfer of income taxes on Social Security 
benefits to the trust funds--is considered on-budget and 
appears in the budget resolution totals.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                        FUNCTION 650: SOCIAL SECURITY\1\
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      686.4      703.4      728.4      757.5      792.5      832.0    3,813.8
    Outlays........................      682.8      701.4      726.1      754.8      789.3      828.3    3,799.9
Discretionary:\2\
    Budget Authority...............        6.4        6.1        6.6        6.9        7.2        7.6       34.4
    Outlays........................        5.5        6.1        6.6        7.0        7.3        7.5       34.4
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      680.0      697.3      721.9      750.6      785.3      824.4    3,779.4
    Outlays........................      677.4      695.3      719.6      747.8      782.0      820.8   3,765.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes both on- and off-budget amounts.
\2\2009 includes $1.1 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The administrative budget for the SSA includes resources in 
Function 570 (Medicare) and Function 600 (Income Security) as 
well as Function 650. The resolution assumes an $11.6 billion 
funding level for the administrative expenses at the SSA, the 
same as the President's budget level. The increased resources 
will enable SSA to address the rising number of disability and 
retirement claims, as well as address the serious backlog of 
disability claims and hearings and provide for improved service 
to the American public.
    Included in the total funding level above are resources to 
accommodate $485 million through an adjustment of the 
discretionary allocation for program integrity initiatives. The 
adjustment allows the SSA to conduct an increasing number of 
Continuing Disability Reviews (CDRs) and Supplemental Security 
Income (SSI) redeterminations. The language also allows funding 
of up to $34 million of the $485 million allocation adjustment 
to be used for asset verification for SSI recipients, but only 
if it has a return on investment at least as high as a low-
priority SSI redetermination of eligibility, at a 4:1 return.
              FUNCTION 700: VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 700 covers the programs of the Department of 
Veterans Affairs (VA), including veterans' medical care, 
compensation and pensions, education and rehabilitation 
benefits, and housing programs. It also includes the Department 
of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service, the 
United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims, and the 
American Battle Monuments Commission. More than 99 percent of 
appropriated veterans' funding goes to VA, and more than 85 
percent of this funding is for VA medical care and hospital 
services.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                  FUNCTION 700: VETERANS BENEFITS AND SERVICES
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       97.7      106.4      112.8      108.7      113.8      116.0      557.7
    Outlays........................       94.8      105.5      112.4      108.1      113.2      115.5      554.6
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       49.4       53.3       54.4       55.9       57.4       59.0      279.9
    Outlays........................       46.8       52.5       54.0       55.5       56.9       58.5      277.4
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       48.3       53.1       58.4       52.8       56.4       57.1      277.8
    Outlays........................       48.1       53.0       58.4       52.6       56.2       57.0     277.2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $1.4 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The 2009 level of discretionary budget authority includes 
$1.6 billion in supplemental appropriations from the Recovery 
Act. For 2010, the resolution provides $5.5 billion (11.5 
percent) more discretionary budget authority than the 2009 
level (excluding supplemental funding) and $540 million (1.0 
percent) more than the President's 2010 budget.
    The resolution emphasizes the high priority that the House 
places on continuing to provide sufficient and timely funding 
for veterans' health care. The resolution provides full funding 
to support excellent health care for veterans. It includes 
funding to restore health care eligibility to additional non-
disabled veterans with modest incomes (Priority Group 8), 
consistent with the President's budget. In addition, the 
resolution provides funding above the 2009 levels for VA to 
research and treat mental health, post-traumatic stress 
disorder (PTSD), and traumatic brain injury. In particular, the 
resolution recognizes the importance of ensuring adequate 
funding for neuropsychiatric-PTSD staff and research.
    The resolution affirms that VA is not and should not be 
authorized to bill private insurance companies for treatment of 
health conditions that are related to veterans' military 
service. VA already is authorized to bill such companies for 
treatment of conditions that are not service-connected. The 
resolution adds $540 million to the President's strong budget 
for veterans to safeguard the provision of health care if, 
using existing authorities, VA does not realize the level of 
increase in these medical care collections that is estimated in 
the President's budget.
                FUNCTION 750: ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Administration of Justice function consists of federal 
law enforcement programs, litigation and judicial activities, 
correction operations, and state and local justice assistance. 
Examples of the agencies within this function include the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation, the United States Attorneys, 
the federal Judiciary, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and the 
Legal Services Corporation. This function includes several 
components of the Department of Homeland Security.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                     FUNCTION 750: ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       55.8       52.9       53.9       53.7       53.6       54.2      268.3
    Outlays........................       49.9       51.6       55.5       55.4       54.5       54.1      271.2
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       54.1       48.8       52.4       52.4       52.3       53.0      258.9
    Outlays........................       48.0       49.5       52.9       53.1       53.3       52.9      261.7
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............        1.7        4.1        1.5        1.4        1.3        1.2        9.4
    Outlays........................        1.8        2.2        2.6        2.3        1.3        1.2       9.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $5.2 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution provides significant resources for 
our federal and local law enforcement programs, matching the 
level in the President's budget. The resolution provides 
increased funding for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 
as it meets the country's domestic crime fighting, financial 
fraud investigation, and national security needs. In addition, 
the resolution supports the Department of Justice's programs 
and initiatives that hire and equip police officers, combat 
drugs, protect juveniles, and that provide other important 
services to our communities. For example, the Community 
Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program includes hiring 
grants for new police officers, the Edward Byrne Memorial 
Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne JAG) provides flexible 
resources to our communities to meet a variety of their 
criminal justice needs, and the State Criminal Alien Assistance 
Program (SCAAP) reimburses states and localities for their 
incarceration costs--and the resolution recognizes the 
importance of these and other programs.
                    FUNCTION 800: GENERAL GOVERNMENT

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The General Government function consists of the activities 
of the Legislative Branch, the Executive Office of the 
President, general tax collection and fiscal operations of the 
Department of the Treasury (including the IRS), the Office of 
Personnel Management, the property and personnel costs of the 
General Services Administration, and general purpose fiscal 
assistance to states, localities, the District of Columbia, and 
U.S. territories.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                        FUNCTION 800: GENERAL GOVERNMENT
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       30.4       22.0       22.3       22.7       22.8       23.4      113.2
    Outlays........................       24.6       22.8       23.1       23.8       23.5       23.6      116.8
Discretionary:\1\
    Budget Authority...............       24.6       19.4       19.7       20.1       20.7       21.3      101.1
    Outlays........................       18.9       20.2       20.6       21.0       21.5       21.5      104.8
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............        5.8        2.6        2.6        2.6        2.1        2.2       12.1
    Outlays........................        5.8        2.6        2.6        2.8        2.0        2.1      12.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\2009 includes $6.2 billion provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

    The budget resolution includes a program integrity 
initiative to increase IRS tax compliance efforts to collect 
unpaid taxes. In a change from previous years, the amounts 
included within the resolution's adjustments for this purpose 
focus solely on amounts in IRS's Enforcement account. The 
resolution assumes the full level for IRS activities proposed 
by the President.
                         FUNCTION 900: INTEREST

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    Function 900 consists primarily of the interest paid by the 
federal government to holders of U.S. Treasury securities. This 
amount is slightly offset by interest income received by the 
federal government on loans and cash balances and by earnings 
of the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                          FUNCTION 900: NET INTEREST\1\
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      169.8      168.3      207.6      269.9      347.8      429.8    1,423.3
    Outlays........................      169.8      168.3      207.6      269.9      347.8      429.8    1,423.3
Discretionary:
    Budget Authority...............         --         --         --         --         --         --         --
    Outlays........................         --         --         --         --         --         --         --
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      169.8      168.3      207.6      269.9      347.8      429.8    1,423.3
    Outlays........................      169.8      168.3      207.6      269.9      347.8      429.8   1,423.3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes both on- and off-budget amounts.

                        FUNCTION 920: ALLOWANCES

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    The Allowances function is used for planning purposes to 
address the budgetary effects of proposals or assumptions that 
cross several budget functions. Once such changes are enacted, 
the budgetary effects are distributed to the appropriate budget 
function.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                                            FUNCTION 920: ALLOWANCES
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       14.5        9.4        8.1        6.5        5.5        3.9       33.4
    Outlays........................        1.8        4.9        5.9        4.8        4.1        3.0       22.6
Discretionary:
    Budget Authority...............       14.5       10.3        9.9       10.2       10.5       10.9       51.9
    Outlays........................        1.8        5.4        7.4        8.2        8.8        9.6       39.3
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............         --       -0.9       -1.8       -3.7       -5.0       -7.0      -18.5
    Outlays........................         --       -0.5       -1.5       -3.4       -4.7       -6.6      -16.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Function 920 includes a placeholder to recognize the 
potential costs of disasters over the resolution period. It 
also includes a variety of savings, including savings related 
to program integrity initiatives, savings pursuant to 
reconciliation instructions, and savings to offset program 
initiatives in other budget functions.
            FUNCTION 950: UNDISTRIBUTED OFFSETTING RECEIPTS

                                ------                                


                            Function Summary

    The function includes major offsetting receipt items that 
would distort the funding levels of other functional categories 
if they were distributed to them. Examples of such items 
include the employer share of federal employee retirement 
benefits, outer continental shelf rents and royalties, and the 
sale of major assets.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                               FUNCTION 950: UNDISTRIBUTED OFFSETTING RECEIPTS\1\
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      -92.6      -83.9      -88.0      -91.8      -95.7      -98.6     -458.0
    Outlays........................      -92.6      -83.9      -88.0      -91.8      -95.7      -98.6     -458.0
Discretionary:
    Budget Authority...............         --         --         --         --         --         --         --
    Outlays........................         --         --         --         --         --         --         --
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............      -92.6      -83.9      -88.0      -91.8      -95.7      -98.6     -458.0
    Outlays........................      -92.6      -83.9      -88.0      -91.8      -95.7      -98.6    -458.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes both on- and off-budget amounts.

    The negative spending in Function 950 represents CBO's 
baseline estimate of undistributed offsetting receipts and the 
impact of concurrent receipt policy.
        FUNCTION 970: OVERSEAS DEPLOYMENTS AND OTHER ACTIVITIES

                              ----------                              


                            Function Summary

    This function includes funding for overseas deployments and 
other activities.

                     Function Levels and Priorities

                             FUNCTION 970: OVERSEAS DEPLOYMENTS AND OTHER ACTIVITIES
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Spending:
    Budget Authority...............       82.6      130.0       50.0       50.0       50.0       50.0      330.0
    Outlays........................       25.1       92.8       76.5       67.7       57.8       52.1      346.9
Discretionary:
    Budget Authority...............       82.6      130.0       50.0       50.0       50.0       50.0      330.0
    Outlays........................       25.1       92.8       76.5       67.7       57.8       52.1      346.9
Mandatory Spending:
    Budget Authority...............         --         --         --         --         --         --         --
    Outlays........................         --         --         --         --         --         --         --
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The House resolution includes amounts equal to the 
President's budget to account for any future House 
consideration of appropriations for overseas deployments and 
other activities.
                        TITLE II--RECONCILIATION

                              ----------                              


    Title II of the resolution includes reconciliation 
instructions. The instructions direct a committee to make 
changes in laws under its jurisdiction that affect revenues or 
direct spending to achieve a specified budgetary result. The 
legislation used to implement those instructions is reported as 
a reconciliation bill.
    Section 201 includes reconciliation instructions to 
committees for health care reform and for education, but not 
for other policy areas. In section 201(a), entitled Health Care 
Reform, the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee 
on Ways and Means each are instructed to report changes in laws 
by September 29, 2009, to reduce the deficit by $1 billion for 
the period of fiscal years 2009 through 2014. In section 
201(b), entitled Investments in Education, the Committee on 
Education and Labor is instructed to report changes in laws by 
September 30, 2009, to reduce the deficit by $1 billion for the 
period of fiscal years 2009 through 2014. Reconciliation 
instructions do not preclude the consideration of legislation 
in these policy areas under regular order.
    Procedural language included in section 201(c) permits but 
does not require the Clerk of the House to join two separate 
reconciliation measures that meet the above descriptions, once 
one such measure has passed the House, for the purpose of 
forming a single engrossed reconciliation bill within the 
meaning of section 310 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.
    The House has adopted a rule relating to reconciliation 
instructions (clause 7 of rule XXI) that requires that any 
reconciliation instruction must not increase the deficit or 
reduce the surplus over the time periods specified in the House 
pay-as-you-go rule. The reconciliation instructions provided in 
title II satisfy the requirement of clause 7 of rule XXI.
                        TITLE III--RESERVE FUNDS

                              ----------                              


Sec. 301. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for health care reform
    The reserve fund supports the President's goal of fiscally 
responsible health reform legislation. The reserve fund 
accommodates legislation that addresses the common goals of 
making affordable health coverage available to all, improving 
the quality of health care, and reducing rising health care 
costs, while building on and strengthening existing public and 
private insurance coverage and preserving choice of provider 
and plan, consistent with the pay-as-you-go principle.
    As part of health care reform, the Committee supports 
measures to ensure that payments to providers are appropriate 
and equitable and are designed to encourage efficiency, higher 
quality care, coordination of care, and accountability.
Sec. 302. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for college access, 
        affordability, and completion
    The reserve fund accommodates changes in laws that will 
increase assistance or benefits to college students, consistent 
with the pay-as-you-go principle. This reserve fund will 
provide committees maximum flexibility in finding offsets for 
legislation to help more students afford and complete college.
Sec. 303. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for increasing energy 
        independence
    The reserve fund accommodates legislation to increase U.S. 
energy independence, consistent with the pay-as-you-go 
principle. This reserve fund covers legislation that provides 
tax incentives for or otherwise encourages the production of 
renewable energy or increased energy efficiency; encourages 
investment in emerging energy or vehicle technologies or carbon 
capture and sequestration; limits and provides for reductions 
in greenhouse gas emissions; assists businesses, industries, 
states, communities, the environment, workers, or households as 
the United States moves toward reducing and offsetting the 
impacts of greenhouse gas emissions; or facilitates the 
training of workers for these industries (``green collar 
jobs'').
Sec. 304. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for America's veterans and 
        servicemembers
    The reserve fund accommodates legislation to change health 
care and benefits for veterans, servicemembers, or their 
families, consistent with the pay-as-you-go principle. This 
reserve fund covers legislation that enhances health care for 
military personnel or veterans; maintains the affordability of 
health care for military retirees or veterans; improves 
disability benefits or evaluations for wounded or disabled 
military personnel or veterans (including measures to expedite 
the claims process); expands eligibility to permit additional 
disabled military retirees to receive both disability 
compensation and retired pay (concurrent receipt); or 
eliminates the offset between Survivor Benefit Plan annuities 
and veterans' dependency and indemnity compensation. The 
reserve fund shall not accommodate legislation authorizing the 
Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to bill private insurance 
companies for treatment of health conditions that are related 
to veterans' military service. VA already is authorized to bill 
such companies for treatment of conditions that are not 
service-connected.
Sec. 305. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for certain tax relief
    The reserve fund for tax relief accommodates legislation to 
reduce tax burdens on working families, businesses, States, or 
communities if it complies with the pay-as-you-go principle. 
This reserve fund could therefore accommodate individual tax 
relief supporting working families, higher education, and 
raising participation in retirement saving vehicles, among 
other purposes. It could also accommodate tax relief and 
investment incentives for businesses, States, or communities.
Sec. 306. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for a 9/11 health program
    The reserve fund accommodates legislation that would 
establish a program, including medical monitoring and 
treatment, addressing the adverse health impacts linked to the 
attacks of September 11, 2001, consistent with the pay-as-you-
go principle. Last year, the House and Senate included this 
deficit-neutral reserve fund as part of the Conference 
Agreement.
Sec. 307. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for child nutrition
    This reserve fund accommodates legislation to reauthorize, 
expand, or improve the child nutrition programs, including, but 
not limited to, the school lunch and school breakfast programs, 
after-school and summer food programs, the Special Supplemental 
Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), and 
the child and adult care food program, consistent with the pay-
as-you-go principle.
Sec. 308. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for structural unemployment 
        insurance reforms
    This reserve fund accommodates legislation consistent with 
the pay-as-you-go principle that builds on the provisions of 
the Recovery Act and continues modernizing the unemployment 
system to better meet the challenges of the 21st century 
workforce, in particular by improving its response to economic 
downturns.
Sec. 309. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for child support
    This reserve fund accommodates legislation to increase 
parental support for children, including efforts to ensure that 
children receive 100 percent of the child support that they are 
owed and that is paid by non-custodial parents, as well as 
other efforts to provide more parental support for children, 
consistent with the pay-as-you-go principle.
Sec. 310. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for the Affordable Housing Trust 
        Fund
    The reserve fund accommodates funding for the existing 
Affordable Housing Trust Fund that provides grants to states, 
communities, and other entities to provide or rehabilitate 
housing for low-income families, consistent with the pay-as-
you-go principle. The reserve fund provides committees with 
flexibility to find offsets for legislation that capitalizes 
the trust fund, which is already authorized.
Sec. 311. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for home visiting
    This reserve fund accommodates legislation to provide 
mandatory funding for a home visiting program or programs 
serving low-income mothers-to-be and low-income families, 
consistent with the pay-as-you-go principle. The Committee 
anticipates that the legislation will fund evidence-based 
programs that have been tested in well-designed randomized 
controlled trials and are likely to produce future budget 
savings by improving child and family health and well-being. 
Research studies on providing nurse home visiting services to 
low-income families, for example, have documented between three 
and six dollars in savings for every dollar invested in the 
home visits.
Sec. 312. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for Low-income Home Energy 
        Assistance Program trigger
    This reserve fund accommodates legislation to ensure that 
the Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) responds 
more quickly and efficiently to energy price increases, so long 
as the legislation is consistent with the pay-as-you-go 
principle.
Sec. 313. Reserve fund for the surface transportation reauthorization
    The reserve fund accommodates additional contract authority 
for the reauthorization of highway construction, highway safety 
and mass transit programs or other transportation-related 
legislation on the condition that the Highway Trust Fund 
continues to fully meet its obligations. While the eventual 
funding needs for the upcoming highway and transit bill are not 
yet known, the reserve fund will provide flexibility to adjust 
the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee's allocation 
provided that the solvency of the Highway Trust Fund is 
maintained.
Sec. 314. Current policy reserve fund for Medicare improvements
    The reserve fund accommodates additional mandatory spending 
to reform the Medicare physician payment system. The reserve 
fund supports legislation to change incentives to encourage 
efficiency and higher quality care in a way that supports 
fiscal sustainability, to improve payment accuracy to encourage 
efficient use of resources and ensure that primary care 
receives appropriate compensation, to improve coordination of 
care among all providers serving a patient in all appropriate 
settings, or to hold providers accountable for their 
utilization patterns and quality of care.
    The reserve fund allows Medicare physician payment reform 
legislation to be scored against a baseline that reflects 
current policy, which means a baseline that assumes the payment 
rates in effect for physicians for 2009 will stay in effect 
through 2019. This assumption is consistent with the 
President's budget and is based on Congressional actions in 
recent years to prevent cuts in physician payments that would 
otherwise be required by the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) 
formula. However, like the President's budget, the budget 
resolution does not intend this assumption as a reflection of 
future policy. Instead, the assumption represents a realistic 
and meaningful benchmark against which to measure the fiscal 
effects of legislation reforming the Medicare physician payment 
system.
    After the House has adopted a measure to impose statutory 
pay-as-you-go requirements, or when a bill utilizing this 
reserve fund includes provisions to impose statutory pay-as-
you-go requirements, Section 401(a) of this resolution directs 
the chairman of the Budget Committee to make current policy 
adjustments to the baseline before evaluating the costs of the 
Medicare bill for compliance with House budget rules and 
procedures. The adjustments may be made only for the purposes 
and in the amounts provided in this reserve fund.
    The SGR formula limits how much total physician 
compensation can grow every year. The SGR formula has required 
payment rate cuts every year since 2002. Since 2003, Congress 
has enacted legislation to prevent these rate cuts from taking 
effect, one or two years at a time. Consequently, history has 
shown that the current statutory baseline as it relates to 
Medicare physician payments is unrealistic. Under current law, 
physicians face a 21 percent cut in their Medicare payment rate 
in 2010, and further cuts for several years after that. Cuts of 
this magnitude could destabilize the Medicare program and 
present serious access problems for Medicare beneficiaries. The 
2008 Medicare trustees report noted that these cuts, if they 
were to go into effect, could result in substantially reduced 
beneficiary access to physician services. The trustees report 
noted the possibility of significant effects on other aspects 
of Medicare as well, such as an increased use of hospital or 
emergency room services; an increase in mortality rates; or an 
enrollment shift to Medicare Advantage plans, which would drive 
up federal costs because Medicare Advantage plans are currently 
paid an average of 14 percent more than the traditional fee-
for-service program. Neither the Medicare actuaries nor the 
Congressional Budget Office reflects these secondary effects in 
their respective baselines, because of substantial uncertainty 
about the magnitude of the effects.
Sec. 315. Current policy reserve fund for middle class tax relief
    The reserve fund allows the Chairman of the Budget 
Committee to adjust the resolution aggregates and allocations 
to reflect current policy for certain provisions of the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for middle class tax relief, 
decreasing revenues (or increasing outlays, as appropriate) by 
up to $698.6 billion over five years and, for purposes of House 
rules, by up to $1,848.5 billion over ten years. The reserve 
fund supports the extension of middle class tax relief such as 
the 10 percent individual income tax bracket, marriage penalty 
relief, the child credit at $1,000 and partial refundability of 
the credit, education incentives, other incentives for middle 
class families and children, and other reductions or 
adjustments to individual income tax brackets, as well as small 
business tax relief.
    After the House has adopted a measure to impose statutory 
pay-as-you-go requirements, or when a bill utilizing this 
reserve fund includes provisions to impose statutory pay-as-
you-go requirements, Section 401(a) of this resolution directs 
the chairman of the Budget Committee to make current policy 
adjustments to the baseline before evaluating the costs of the 
tax bill for compliance with House budget rules and procedures. 
The adjustments may be made only for the purposes and in the 
amounts provided in this reserve fund.

Sec. 316. Current policy reserve fund for reform of the alternative 
        minimum tax (AMT)

    The reserve fund allows the Chairman of the Budget 
Committee to adjust the resolution aggregates and allocations 
to reflect current policy for the alternative minimum tax (AMT) 
for one additional year, decreasing revenues by an amount not 
to exceed $68.65 billion over 5 years and over 10 years. The 
reserve fund would support immediate AMT relief so that tens of 
millions of working families will not become subject to it in 
tax year 2010. Without reform, the number of taxpayers subject 
to the AMT will rise from 4 million in 2010 to 28 million in 
2010, according to the Congressional Budget Office. The 
resolution would accommodate further, deficit-neutral relief 
from the AMT.
    After the House has adopted a measure to impose statutory 
pay-as-you-go requirements, or when a bill utilizing this 
reserve fund includes provisions to impose statutory pay-as-
you-go requirements, Section 401(a) of this resolution directs 
the chairman of the Budget Committee to make current policy 
adjustments to the baseline before evaluating the costs of the 
tax bill for compliance with House budget rules and procedures. 
The adjustments may be made only for the purposes and in the 
amounts provided in this reserve fund.

Sec. 317. Current policy reserve fund for reform of the Estate and Gift 
        Tax

    The reserve fund allows the Chairman of the Budget 
Committee to adjust the resolution aggregates and allocations 
to reflect current policy by extending the law as in effect in 
2009 for the Estate and Gift Tax, decreasing revenues by up to 
$72.0 billion over 5 years and, for purposes of House Rules, by 
up to $256.2 billion over 10 years. The reserve fund supports 
continuation of 2009 policy so that only a minute fraction of 
estates will owe tax.
    After the House has adopted a measure to impose statutory 
pay-as-you-go requirements, or when a bill utilizing this 
reserve fund includes provisions to impose statutory pay-as-
you-go requirements, Section 401(a) of this resolution directs 
the chairman of the Budget Committee to make current policy 
adjustments to the baseline before evaluating the costs of the 
tax bill for compliance with House budget rules and procedures. 
The adjustments may be made only for the purposes and in the 
amounts provided in this reserve fund.
                      TITLE IV--BUDGET ENFORCEMENT

                              ----------                              


Sec. 401. Adjustments for direct spending and revenues
    After the House has acted upon a measure to impose 
statutory pay-as-you-go requirements, or when a bill listed in 
a current policy reserve fund includes provisions to impose 
statutory pay-as-you-go requirements, subsection (a) of this 
section directs the chairman of the Budget Committee to make 
current policy adjustments to the baseline before evaluating 
the costs of certain measures for compliance with House budget 
rules and procedures. The adjustments may be made only for the 
purposes and in the amounts provided in a current policy 
reserve fund. Four current policy reserve funds appear in title 
III of the resolution as sections 314, 315, 316, and 317.
    Subsection (b) allows the chairman of the Budget Committee 
to adjust the 302(a) allocation to the Appropriations Committee 
if changes to the Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program 
(reflected in this resolution's mandatory spending totals) are 
not funded in an authorization bill and are included instead in 
an appropriations measure.
    Subsection (c) updates and reinstates a provision of the 
Budget Enforcement Act of 1990. The chairman of the Budget 
Committee is directed to exempt from the calculation of the 
cost of any measure any budgetary effects of legislative 
provisions that affect the full funding of the federal deposit 
insurance guarantee.
Sec. 402. Adjustments to discretionary spending limits
    Section 402 provides for specific allocation adjustments 
for the Committee on Appropriations when the Committee reports 
legislation that includes increased appropriations for the 
following program integrity initiatives: (1) program integrity 
initiatives at the Social Security Administration; (2) Internal 
Revenue Service tax compliance; (3) the health care fraud and 
abuse control program at the Department of Health and Human 
Services; and (4) unemployment insurance in-person reemployment 
and eligibility assessments and improper payment reviews. In 
addition, a new program integrity adjustment has been added 
this year to create the Partnership Fund for Program Integrity 
at the Office of Management and Budget for program integrity 
pilot initiatives across federal agencies. This adjustment is 
intended to develop new ideas to promote administrative 
efficiency gains and reductions in erroneous payments.
    The adjustments under this section are primarily intended 
to provide additional administrative funding for current 
program integrity activities to eliminate errors or fraud in 
the operation of a number of federal programs and to promote 
compliance with federal tax laws. For example, the adjustment 
for unemployment compensation programs is provided to increase 
limited administrative funding for current program integrity 
activities, and not to finance other proposals that would 
adversely affect workers who have received unemployment 
benefits. The section outlines procedures for these allocation 
adjustments.
    This section also incorporates a procedure whereby 
provisions or measures reported by the Committee on 
Appropriations will be exempt in certain circumstances from 
compliance with titles III and IV of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974 and the budget resolution. Such an exemption 
applies if: (1) the Committee on Appropriations determines and 
designates that amounts appropriated are necessary for overseas 
deployments and related activities; or (2) the Committee on 
Appropriations provides discretionary appropriations and 
designates those amounts as necessary to meet emergency needs.
Sec. 403. Advance appropriations
    Section 403 limits the amount and type of advance 
appropriations for fiscal years 2011 and 2012. Under this 
section, advance appropriations for fiscal year 2011 are 
restricted to $28.852 billion for the programs, projects, 
activities, or accounts listed below. Advances for 2012 are 
listed separately. The list is included in this report so that 
the Appropriations Committee can prepare appropriations bills 
for fiscal year 2010 accordingly. The list will also be 
included in the joint explanatory statement of managers to 
accompany the conference report on this resolution. The section 
defines advance appropriations as any new discretionary budget 
authority provided in a bill or joint resolution making general 
or continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2010 that first 
becomes available for any fiscal year after 2010.
Advance Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2011
    Employment and Training Administration
    Office of Job Corps
    Education for the Disadvantaged
    School Improvement Programs
    Special Education
    Career, Technical and Adult Education
    Payment to Postal Service
    Tenant-based Rental Assistance
    Project-based Rental Assistance
Advance Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2012
    The Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Sec. 404. Oversight of government performance
    Section 404 encourages all committees of the House to 
conduct rigorous oversight hearings to root out waste, fraud, 
and abuse in federal programs, with particular attention to 
issues raised by the Office of the Inspector General or the 
Government Accountability Office. Based on these oversight 
efforts, such recommendations should be included in the views 
and estimates reports submitted to the Budget Committee under 
section 301(d) of the Congressional Budget Act on 1974.
Sec. 405. Budgetary treatment of certain discretionary administrative 
        expenses
    Section 405 provides that administrative expenses of the 
Social Security Administration and of the Postal Service shall 
be part of the annual appropriations process by including those 
expenses in the allocation to the Committee on Appropriations 
pursuant to section 302 of the Congressional Budget Act.
Sec. 406. Application and effect of changes in allocations and 
        aggregates
    Section 406 details the allocation and aggregate adjustment 
procedures that are required to accommodate legislation for the 
reserve funds and program integrity initiatives in this 
resolution. This section provides that the adjustments shall 
apply while the legislation is under consideration and take 
effect upon enactment of the legislation. In addition, the 
section requires the adjustments to be printed in the 
Congressional Record.
    The section also notes that, for purposes of enforcement, 
aggregate and allocation levels resulting from adjustments made 
pursuant to this resolution will have the same effect as if 
adopted in the original levels of Title I of this budget 
resolution. This section also provides that the Committee on 
the Budget shall determine the budgetary levels and estimates 
which are required to enforce points of order under the 
Congressional Budget Act.
Sec. 407. Adjustments to reflect changes in concepts and definitions
    Section 407 requires the chairman of the Committee on the 
Budget to adjust levels and allocations in this budget 
resolution upon enactment of legislation that changes concepts 
or definitions.
Sec. 408. Exercise of rulemaking powers
    Section 408 provides that, once adopted, the provisions of 
the budget resolution are incorporated into the rules of the 
House of Representatives and shall supersede inconsistent 
rules. The section recognizes the constitutional right of the 
House of Representatives to change those rules at any time.
                            TITLE V--POLICY

                              ----------                              


    Title V of the resolution contains the following policy 
sections:
    Sec. 501. Policy on middle-class tax relief and revenues
    Sec. 502. Policy on defense priorities
                      TITLE VI--SENSE OF THE HOUSE

                              ----------                              


    Title VI of the resolution contains the following Sense of 
the House sections:
    Sec. 601. Sense of the House on veterans' and 
servicemembers' health care
    Sec. 602. Sense of the House on homeland security
    Sec. 603. Sense of the House on promoting American 
innovation and economic competitiveness
    Sec. 604. Sense of the House regarding pay parity
    Sec. 605. Sense of the House on college affordability
    Sec. 606. Sense of the House on Great Lakes restoration
                       ALLOCATIONS TO COMMITTEES

    As required by Section 302(a) of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974, the discretionary levels established in the budget 
resolution are allocated to the Appropriations Committee and 
the mandatory spending levels are allocated to each of the 
committees with mandatory spending authority.
    In this report, the Appropriations Committee receives an 
allocation for 2010 and a revised allocation for 2009. The 
authorizing committees receive allocations for 2010 and the 
five-year period 2010 through 2014 as well as a revised 
allocation for 2009. The authorizing committee allocation is 
divided into current law amounts, reauthorization, and 
resolution changes. Reauthorization refers to amounts for 
legislation due for reauthorization that are part of the CBO 
baseline levels. ``Resolution changes'' refers to the budgetary 
impact of legislation enacted after the adoption of this 
resolution, anticipated to reflect a change from baseline 
levels.

  ALLOCATION OF SPENDING AUTHORITY TO HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    2009\1\      2010
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Discretionary Action:
  BA............................................   1,398,771   1,087,320
  OT............................................   1,220,843   1,271,140
Current Law Mandatory:
  BA............................................     670,595     725,056
  OT............................................     658,123     715,684
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Revision to amounts included in S. Con. Res. 70. Includes emergencies
  incorporated in the Congressional Budget Office March baseline


    ALLOCATIONS OF SPENDING AUTHORITY TO HOUSE COMMITTEES OTHER THAN
                             APPROPRIATIONS
                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                Total
                                        2009\1\      2010   ------------
                                                              2010-2014
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Committee on Agriculture:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................     16,709     16,183       63,406
    OT...............................     14,831     15,455       64,273
  Reauthorizations:
    BA...............................          1          1      138,284
    OT...............................          1          1      135,903
  Total:
    BA...............................     16,710     16,184      201,690
    OT...............................     14,832     15,456      200,176
Committee on Armed Services:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................    125,663    135,653      710,343
    OT...............................    126,514    135,710      710,265
  Resolution Change:
    BA...............................  .........        194        2,095
    OT...............................  .........        178        2,055
  Total:
    BA...............................    125,663    135,847      712,438
    OT...............................    126,514    135,888      712,320
Committee on Education and Labor:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................    -20,683       -454       25,648
    OT...............................    -17,727     -3,516       19,608
  Reauthorizations:
    BA...............................        101      3,648       18,664
    OT...............................         66      2,513       17,190
  Resolution Change:
    BA...............................  .........      1,329        6,080
    OT...............................  .........      1,179        5,930
  Total:
    BA...............................    -20,582      4,523       50,392
    OT...............................    -17,661        176       42,728
Committee on Energy and Commerce:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................    279,426    286,402    1,643,660
    OT...............................    273,475    285,467    1,637,420
  Reauthorizations:
    BA...............................  .........  .........        5,720
    OT...............................  .........  .........        8,566
  Total:
    BA...............................    279,426    286,402    1,649,380
    OT...............................    273,475    285,467    1,645,986
Committee on Financial Services:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................    684,785     47,983       93,841
    OT...............................    666,250     75,202      104,154
Committee on Foreign Affairs:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................     23,477     21,299       94,573
    OT...............................     22,222     22,956      105,029
Committee on Homeland Security:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................      1,535      1,585        8,465
    OT...............................      1,582      1,591        8,548
Committee on House Administration:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................         69         68          340
    OT...............................         21         18          344

Committee on the Judiciary:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................      6,929      9,375       36,556
    OT...............................      7,021      7,412       36,768
Committee on Natural Resources:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................      5,362      5,899       31,419
    OT...............................      4,879      5,700       31,479
Committee on Oversight and Government
 Reform:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................     90,002     92,711      485,602
    OT...............................     88,170     90,771      472,924
Committee on Science and Technology:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................        126        126          630
    OT...............................        119        139          658
Committee on Small Business:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................      1,211  .........  ...........
    OT...............................      1,211  .........  ...........
Committee on Transportation and
 Infrastructure:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................     53,534     14,192       74,384
    OT...............................     14,057     14,649       76,644
  Reauthorizations:
    BA...............................      1,950     42,083      210,415
    OT...............................  .........        173        2,365
  Resolution Change:
    BA...............................  .........     13,085       68,669
    OT...............................  .........  .........  ...........
  Total:
    BA...............................     55,484     69,360      353,468
    OT...............................     14,057     14,822       79,009
Committee on Veterans Affairs:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................        952      1,184        5,433
    OT...............................      1,041      1,284        6,176
  Reauthorizations:
    BA...............................  .........      1,549       11,092
    OT...............................  .........      1,543       10,908
  Total:
    BA...............................        952      2,733       16,525
    OT...............................      1,041      2,827       17,084
Committee on Ways and Means:
  Current Law:
    BA...............................    900,451    938,463    4,999,413
    OT...............................    896,860    940,618    5,008,958
  Reauthorizations:
    BA...............................  .........         25       83,520
    OT...............................  .........         25       76,818
  Resolution Change:
    BA...............................  .........      6,830      159,038
    OT...............................  .........      6,830      159,038
  Total:
    BA...............................    900,451    945,318    5,241,971
    OT...............................    896,860    947,473    5,244,814
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Revision to amounts for 2009 included in S.Con.Res. 70


                                    SUMMARY TABLE 1.--FISCAL YEAR 2010 BUDGET RESOLUTION TOTAL SPENDING AND REVENUES
                                                                [In billions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Fiscal year                              2009          2010          2011         2012        2013        2014       2010-2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Budget Resolution
Total Spending:
  BA........................................................     4,200.782     3,447.528     3,441.763   3,509.887   3,718.179   3,936.332    18,053.689
  OT........................................................     3,879.882     3,549.570     3,554.895   3,533.290   3,712.719   3,908.079    18,258.553
On-Budget:
  BA........................................................     3,675.133     2,892.061     2,866.329   2,913.316   3,095.704   3,286.135    15,053.545
  OT........................................................     3,357.255     2,996.234     2,981.872   2,939.612   3,093.577   3,261.525    15,272.820
Off-Budget:
  BA........................................................       525.649       555.467       575.434     596.571     622.475     650.197     3,000.144
  OT........................................................       522.627       553.336       573.023     593.678     619.142     646.554     2,985.733
Revenues:
  Total.....................................................     2,185.688     2,327.733     2,627.690   2,915.833   3,127.173   3,309.681    14,308.110
  On-budget.................................................     1,532.571     1,659.525     1,933.072   2,190.099   2,361.429   2,507.846    10,651.971
  Off-budget................................................       653.117       668.208       694.618     725.734     765.744     801.835     3,656.139
Surplus/Deficit (-):
  Total.....................................................    -1,694.194    -1,221.837      -927.205    -617.457    -585.546    -598.398    -3,950.443
  On-budget.................................................    -1,824.684    -1,336.709    -1,048.800    -749.513    -732.148    -753.679    -4,620.849
  Off-budget................................................       130.490       114.872       121.595     132.056     146.602     155.281       670.406
Debt Subject to Limit (end of year).........................        12,017        13,223        14,350      15,276      16,162      17,100            na
Debt Held by the Public (end of year).......................         7,730         8,768         9,684      10,344      10,934      11,577            na

                                                                       By Function
National Defense (050):
  BA........................................................       618.057       562.033       570.107     579.135     589.895     603.828     2,904.998
  OT........................................................       646.810       606.043       587.945     576.023     584.670     595.476     2,950.157
International Affairs (150):
  BA........................................................        40.885        45.320        49.146      53.742      59.160      64.388       271.756
  OT........................................................        37.797        43.461        48.642      52.123      55.773      59.292       259.291
General Science, Space, and Technology (250):
  BA........................................................        35.389        31.139        31.493      33.373      34.419      35.686       166.110
  OT........................................................        30.973        32.467        32.407      32.465      33.614      34.835       165.788
Energy (270):
  BA........................................................        43.919         5.489         5.539       5.732       6.098       6.227        29.085
  OT........................................................         2.952         7.267        11.322      13.400      12.133      10.512        54.634
Natural Resources and Environment (300):
  BA........................................................        56.009        37.387        38.600      39.249      39.348      40.017       194.601
  OT........................................................        36.834        40.450        40.237      40.058      39.754      39.957       200.456
Agriculture (350):
  BA........................................................        24.974        23.690        24.691      21.644      22.497      23.182       115.704
  OT........................................................        23.070        23.951        23.998      17.540      22.063      22.150       109.702
Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
  BA........................................................       699.092        64.195        28.248       9.533      17.224      11.209       130.409
  OT........................................................       670.090        88.900        40.021       8.617       5.562      -2.517       140.583
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................       694.439        60.933        26.181       9.561      17.247      11.226       125.148
    OT......................................................       665.437        85.638        37.954       8.645       5.585      -2.500       135.322
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................         4.653         3.262         2.067      -0.028      -0.023      -0.017         5.261
    OT......................................................         4.653         3.262         2.067      -0.028      -0.023      -0.017         5.261
Transportation (400):
  BA........................................................       122.457        88.151        89.071      90.047      90.866      91.809       449.944
  OT........................................................        87.784        95.695        96.474      95.851      96.150      96.793       480.963
Community and Regional Development (450):
  BA........................................................        23.811        18.308        21.232      21.311      21.202      21.270       103.323
  OT........................................................        29.983        29.303        27.530      25.722      24.155      22.752       129.462
Education, Training, Employment and Social Services (500):
  BA........................................................       164.276        93.689       107.858     117.121     115.931     125.788       560.387
  OT........................................................        73.219       140.300       141.108     118.391     118.888     120.959       639.646
Health (550):
  BA........................................................       380.158       383.911       364.910     369.852     389.719     400.451     1,908.843
  OT........................................................       354.397       388.746       367.628     368.556     384.359     400.173     1,909.462
Medicare (570):
  BA........................................................       427.076       449.653       505.171     513.824     558.235     616.315     2,643.198
  OT........................................................       426.736       449.784       504.962     513.591     558.381     616.150     2,642.868
Income Security (600):
  BA........................................................       520.123       536.169       510.575     478.039     483.386     485.396     2,493.565
  OT........................................................       503.020       539.918       513.410     478.323     482.745     483.758     2,498.154
Social Security (650):
  BA........................................................       686.427       703.408       728.422     757.525     792.485     831.958     3,813.798
  OT........................................................       682.849       701.400       726.144     754.782     789.302     828.315     3,799.943
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................        31.820        20.255        23.380      26.478      29.529      32.728       132.370
    OT......................................................        31.264        20.378        23.513      26.628      29.679      32.728       132.926
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................       654.607       683.153       705.042     731.047     762.956     799.230     3,681.428
    OT......................................................       651.585       681.022       702.631     728.154     759.623     795.587     3,667.017
Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
  BA........................................................        97.705       106.365       112.842     108.702     113.803     116.021       557.733
  OT........................................................        94.831       105.468       112.386     108.103     113.151     115.480       554.588
Administration of Justice (750):
  BA........................................................        55.783        52.857        53.892      53.738      53.569      54.247       268.303
  OT........................................................        49.853        51.630        55.503      55.441      54.526      54.058       271.158
General Government (800):
  BA........................................................        30.405        21.979        22.316      22.737      22.750      23.415       113.197
  OT........................................................        24.629        22.757        23.147      23.795      23.492      23.629       116.820
Net Interest (900):
  BA........................................................       169.755       168.285       207.566     269.883     347.752     429.837     1,423.323
  OT........................................................       169.755       168.285       207.566     269.883     347.752     429.837     1,423.323
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................       288.955       284.085       323.266     387.483     470.452     560.137     2,025.423
    OT......................................................       288.955       284.085       323.266     387.483     470.452     560.137     2,025.423
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................      -119.200      -115.800      -115.700    -117.600    -122.700    -130.300      -602.100
    OT......................................................      -119.200      -115.800      -115.700    -117.600    -122.700    -130.300      -602.100
Allowances (920):
  BA........................................................        14.450         9.422         8.052       6.518       5.543       3.865        33.400
  OT........................................................         1.788         4.893         5.903       4.750       4.122       2.962        22.630
Undistributed Offsetting Receipts (950):
  BA........................................................       -92.617       -83.922       -87.968     -91.818     -95.703     -98.577      -457.988
  OT........................................................       -92.617       -83.922       -87.968     -91.818     -95.703     -98.577      -457.988
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................       -78.206       -68.774       -71.993     -74.970     -77.945     -79.861      -373.543
    OT......................................................       -78.206       -68.774       -71.993     -74.970     -77.945     -79.861      -373.543
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................       -14.411       -15.148       -15.975     -16.848     -17.758     -18.716       -84.445
    OT......................................................       -14.411       -15.148       -15.975     -16.848     -17.758     -18.716       -84.445
Overseas Deployments and Other Activities (970):
  BA........................................................        82.648       130.000        50.000      50.000      50.000      50.000       330.000
  OT........................................................        25.129        92.774        76.530      67.694      57.830      52.085       346.913
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                       SUMMARY TABLE 2.--FISCAL YEAR 2010 BUDGET RESOLUTION DISCRETIONARY SPENDING
                                                                [In billions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Fiscal year                              2009          2010          2011         2012        2013        2014       2010-2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Budget Resolution
Total Spending:
  BA........................................................     1,488.569     1,229.078     1,179.313   1,205.924   1,232.826   1,265.463     6,112.604
  OT........................................................     1,247.760     1,370.565     1,341.264   1,298.562   1,302.648   1,317.342     6,630.381
On-Budget:
  BA........................................................     1,483.020     1,222.744     1,172.478   1,198.757   1,225.326   1,257.581     6,076.886
  OT........................................................     1,242.562     1,364.369     1,334.564   1,291.481   1,295.223   1,309.542     6,595.179
Off-Budget:
  BA........................................................         5.549         6.334         6.835       7.167       7.500       7.882        35.718
  OT........................................................         5.198         6.196         6.700       7.081       7.425       7.800        35.202

                                                                       By Function
National Defense (050):
  BA........................................................       614.426       556.128       564.293     573.612     584.421     598.249     2,876.703
  OT........................................................       641.927       600.048       582.107     570.461     579.217     589.904     2,921.737
International Affairs (150):
  BA........................................................        42.666        48.454        52.777      57.063      61.502      65.931       285.727
  OT........................................................        41.300        46.280        50.000      53.746      57.597      61.490       269.113
General Science, Space, and Technology (250):
  BA........................................................        35.264        31.014        31.368      33.248      34.294      35.561       165.485
  OT........................................................        30.855        32.329        32.280      32.333      33.483      34.710       165.135
Energy (270):
  BA........................................................        44.998         6.680         6.717       6.764       6.798       6.862        33.821
  OT........................................................         5.350        10.031        13.719      15.058      13.611      12.110        64.529
Natural Resources and Environment (300):
  BA........................................................        54.596        35.085        36.458      36.825      37.252      37.880       183.500
  OT........................................................        36.252        38.866        38.082      37.622      37.349      37.800       189.719
Agriculture (350):
  BA........................................................         6.349         6.131         6.169       6.279       6.393       6.511        31.483
  OT........................................................         6.111         6.217         6.147       6.219       6.323       6.435        31.341
Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
  BA........................................................        13.216        13.211         6.383       5.110       4.240       3.966        32.910
  OT........................................................         6.253        13.347         9.240       7.155       5.917       4.520        40.179
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................        12.963        12.949         6.116       4.838       3.963       3.683        31.549
    OT......................................................         6.000        13.085         8.973       6.883       5.640       4.237        38.818
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................         0.253         0.262         0.267       0.272       0.277       0.283         1.361
    OT......................................................         0.253         0.262         0.267       0.272       0.277       0.283         1.361
Transportation (400):
  BA........................................................        79.061        31.436        31.925      32.443      32.933      33.295       162.032
  OT........................................................        85.668        93.462        94.195      93.437      93.614      94.103       468.811
Community and Regional Development (450):
  BA........................................................        23.006        17.930        21.059      21.118      21.187      21.255       102.549
  OT........................................................        26.252        26.904        26.559      24.960      23.711      22.809       124.943
Education, Training, Employment and Social Services (500):
  BA........................................................       188.508        88.676        97.440     103.135     107.416     111.357       508.024
  OT........................................................        94.814       138.575       130.750     106.828     107.776     110.965       594.894
Health (550):
  BA........................................................        75.483        58.158        60.166      61.527      63.187      65.839       308.877
  OT........................................................        57.635        64.667        64.106      62.130      61.685      63.386       315.974
Medicare (570):
  BA........................................................         5.390         5.595         6.042       6.112       6.197       6.269        30.215
  OT........................................................         5.255         5.566         5.977       6.083       6.184       6.257        30.067
Income Security (600):
  BA........................................................        74.067        62.778        65.488      67.210      68.878      70.734       335.088
  OT........................................................        64.056        67.860        70.141      70.087      70.576      70.760       349.424
Social Security (650):
  BA........................................................         6.386         6.072         6.568       6.895       7.223       7.599        34.357
  OT........................................................         5.479         6.057         6.566       6.959       7.298       7.517        34.397
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................         1.090  ............  ............  ..........  ..........  ..........  ............
    OT......................................................         0.534         0.123         0.133       0.150       0.150  ..........         0.556
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................         5.296         6.072         6.568       6.895       7.223       7.599        34.357
    OT......................................................         4.945         5.934         6.433       6.809       7.148       7.517        33.841
Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
  BA........................................................        49.394        53.263        54.417      55.855      57.384      58.969       279.888
  OT........................................................        46.757        52.474        53.967      55.483      56.931      58.519       277.374
Administration of Justice (750):
  BA........................................................        54.099        48.763        52.426      52.378      52.307      53.022       258.896
  OT........................................................        48.018        49.470        52.918      53.131      53.276      52.889       261.684
General Government (800):
  BA........................................................        24.562        19.365        19.733      20.117      20.677      21.254       101.146
  OT........................................................        18.861        20.196        20.584      21.025      21.473      21.531       104.809
Allowances (920):
  BA........................................................        14.450        10.339         9.884      10.233      10.537      10.910        51.903
  OT........................................................         1.788         5.442         7.396       8.151       8.797       9.552        39.338
Overseas Deployments and Other Activities (970):
  BA........................................................        82.648       130.000        50.000      50.000      50.000      50.000       330.000
  OT........................................................        25.129        92.774        76.530      67.694      57.830      52.085       346.913
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                         SUMMARY TABLE 3.--FISCAL YEAR 2010 BUDGET RESOLUTION MANDATORY SPENDING
                                                                [In billions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Fiscal year                              2009          2010          2011         2012        2013        2014       2010-2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Budget Resolution
Total Spending:
  BA........................................................     2,712.213     2,218.450     2,262.450   2,303.963   2,485.353   2,670.869    11,941.085
  OT........................................................     2,632.122     2,179.005     2,213.631   2,234.728   2,410.071   2,590.737    11,628.172
  On-Budget:
    BA......................................................     2,192.113     1,669.317     1,693.851   1,714.559   1,870.378   2,028.554     8,976.659
    OT......................................................     2,114.693     1,631.865     1,647.308   1,648.131   1,798.354   1,951.983     8,677.641
  Off-Budget:
    BA......................................................       520.100       549.133       568.599     589.404     614.975     642.315     2,964.426
    OT......................................................       517.429       547.140       566.323     586.597     611.717     638.754     2,950.531

                                                                       By Function
National Defense (050):
  BA........................................................         3.631         5.905         5.814       5.523       5.474       5.579        28.295
  OT........................................................         4.883         5.995         5.838       5.562       5.453       5.572        28.420
International Affairs (150):
  BA........................................................        -1.781        -3.134        -3.631      -3.321      -2.342      -1.543       -13.971
  OT........................................................        -3.503        -2.819        -1.358      -1.623      -1.824      -2.198        -9.822
General Science, Space, and Technology (250):
  BA........................................................         0.125         0.125         0.125       0.125       0.125       0.125         0.625
  OT........................................................         0.118         0.138         0.127       0.132       0.131       0.125         0.653
Energy (270):
  BA........................................................        -1.079        -1.191        -1.178      -1.032      -0.700      -0.635        -4.736
  OT........................................................        -2.398        -2.764        -2.397      -1.658      -1.478      -1.598        -9.895
Natural Resources and Environment (300):
  BA........................................................         1.413         2.302         2.142       2.424       2.096       2.137        11.101
  OT........................................................         0.582         1.584         2.155       2.436       2.405       2.157        10.737
Agriculture (350):
  BA........................................................        18.625        17.559        18.522      15.365      16.104      16.671        84.221
  OT........................................................        16.959        17.734        17.851      11.321      15.740      15.715        78.361
Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
  BA........................................................       685.876        50.984        21.865       4.423      12.984       7.243        97.499
  OT........................................................       663.837        75.553        30.781       1.462      -0.355      -7.037       100.404
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................       681.476        47.984        20.065       4.723      13.284       7.543        93.599
    OT......................................................       659.437        72.553        28.981       1.762      -0.055      -6.737        96.504
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................         4.400         3.000         1.800      -0.300      -0.300      -0.300         3.900
    OT......................................................         4.400         3.000         1.800      -0.300      -0.300      -0.300         3.900
Transportation (400):
  BA........................................................        43.396        56.715        57.146      57.604      57.933      58.514       287.912
  OT........................................................         2.116         2.233         2.279       2.414       2.536       2.690        12.152
Community and Regional Development (450):
  BA........................................................         0.805         0.378         0.173       0.193       0.015       0.015         0.774
  OT........................................................         3.731         2.399         0.971       0.762       0.444      -0.057         4.519
Education, Training, Employment and Social Services (500):
  BA........................................................       -24.232         5.013        10.418      13.986       8.515      14.431        52.363
  OT........................................................       -21.595         1.725        10.358      11.563      11.112       9.994        44.752
Health (550):
  BA........................................................       304.675       325.753       304.744     308.325     326.532     334.612     1,599.966
  OT........................................................       296.762       324.079       303.522     306.426     322.674     336.787     1,593.488
Medicare (570):
  BA........................................................       421.686       444.058       499.129     507.712     552.038     610.046     2,612.983
  OT........................................................       421.481       444.218       498.985     507.508     552.197     609.893     2,612.801
Income Security (600):
  BA........................................................       446.056       473.391       445.087     410.829     414.508     414.662     2,158.477
  OT........................................................       438.964       472.058       443.269     408.236     412.169     412.998     2,148.730
Social Security (650):
  BA........................................................       680.041       697.336       721.854     750.630     785.262     824.359     3,779.441
  OT........................................................       677.370       695.343       719.578     747.823     782.004     820.798     3,765.546
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................        30.730        20.255        23.380      26.478      29.529      32.728       132.370
    OT......................................................        30.730        20.255        23.380      26.478      29.529      32.728       132.370
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................       649.311       677.081       698.474     724.152     755.733     791.631     3,647.071
    OT......................................................       646.640       675.088       696.198     721.345     752.475     788.070     3,633.176
Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
  BA........................................................        48.311        53.102        58.425      52.847      56.419      57.052       277.845
  OT........................................................        48.074        52.994        58.419      52.620      56.220      56.961       277.214
Administration of Justice (750):
  BA........................................................         1.684         4.094         1.466       1.360       1.262       1.225         9.407
  OT........................................................         1.835         2.160         2.585       2.310       1.250       1.169         9.474
General Government (800):
  BA........................................................         5.843         2.614         2.583       2.620       2.073       2.161        12.051
  OT........................................................         5.768         2.561         2.563       2.770       2.019       2.098        12.011
Net Interest (900):
  BA........................................................       169.755       168.285       207.566     269.883     347.752     429.837     1,423.323
  OT........................................................       169.755       168.285       207.566     269.883     347.752     429.837     1,423.323
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................       288.955       284.085       323.266     387.483     470.452     560.137     2,025.423
    OT......................................................       288.955       284.085       323.266     387.483     470.452     560.137     2,025.423
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................      -119.200      -115.800      -115.700    -117.600    -122.700    -130.300      -602.100
    OT......................................................      -119.200      -115.800      -115.700    -117.600    -122.700    -130.300      -602.100
Allowances (920):
  BA........................................................  ............        -0.917        -1.832      -3.715      -4.994      -7.045       -18.503
  OT........................................................  ............        -0.549        -1.493      -3.401      -4.675      -6.590       -16.708
Undistributed Offsetting Receipts (950):
  BA........................................................       -92.617       -83.922       -87.968     -91.818     -95.703     -98.577      -457.988
  OT........................................................       -92.617       -83.922       -87.968     -91.818     -95.703     -98.577      -457.988
  On-budget:
    BA......................................................       -78.206       -68.774       -71.993     -74.970     -77.945     -79.861      -373.543
    OT......................................................       -78.206       -68.774       -71.993     -74.970     -77.945     -79.861      -373.543
  Off-budget:
    BA......................................................       -14.411       -15.148       -15.975     -16.848     -17.758     -18.716       -84.445
    OT......................................................       -14.411       -15.148       -15.975     -16.848     -17.758     -18.716       -84.445
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                 SUMMARY TABLE 4.--TAX EXPENDITURE ESTIMATES BY BUDGET FUNCTION, FISCAL YEARS 2008-2012
                                                                  [Billions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Corporations                                 Individuals
                      Function                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   Total
                                                       2008     2009     2010     2011     2012     2008     2009     2010     2011     2012    2008-12
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National Defense
  Exclusion of benefits and allowances to armed      .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      3.6      3.9      4.1      4.4      4.5       20.5
   forces personnel................................
  Exclusion of military disability benefits........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2        1.0
  Deduction for overnight-travel expenses of         .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.3
   national guard and reserve members..............
  Exclusion of combat pay..........................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.4      1.3      1.1      0.9      0.9        5.6
International Affairs
  Exclusion of certain allowances for Federal        .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.9      0.9      1.0      1.0      1.1        4.9
   employees abroad................................
  Exclusion of foreign earned income\2\:
    Housing........................................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.8      0.9      0.9      1.0      1.1        4.7
    Salary.........................................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      4.1      4.3      4.5      4.7      4.9       22.5
  Inventory property sales source rule exception...      6.8      7.0      7.2      7.4      7.6  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......       36.0
  Deduction for foreign taxes instead of a credit..      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.3    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        1.3
  Interest expense allocation:
    Unavailability of symmetric worldwide method*..     -2.2     -2.5     -2.7     -2.9     -0.5  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      -10.8
    Separate grouping of affiliated financial            1.0      1.1      1.2      1.3      1.4  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        6.0
     companies.....................................
  Apportionment of research and development              0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.4  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        1.6
   expenses for determination of foreign tax
   credits.........................................
  Special rules for interest-charge domestic             0.4      0.5      0.5      0.1      0.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        1.6
   international sales corporations................
  Taxation of real property gains of foreign           (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)    (\3\)       -0.3
   persons*........................................
  Tonnage tax......................................      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.5
  Deferral of active income of controlled foreign        9.6     10.5     11.3     12.1     12.9  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......       56.4
   corporations\4\.................................
  Deferral of active financing income of controlled      2.6      2.9      1.0  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        6.5
   foreign corporations\4\.........................
General Science, Space, and Technology
  Credit for increasing research activities........      4.9      5.6      3.6      2.8      2.2      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)       19.5
  Expensing of research and experimental                 3.1      4.8      5.6      6.7      7.8      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2       28.3
   expenditures....................................
Energy
  Credit for energy efficiency improvements to       .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.8      0.3      1.0  .......  .......        2.1
   existing homes..................................
  Credits for alternative technology vehicles......      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.2      0.2      0.2    (\1\)    (\1\)        1.0
  Credit for holders of clean renewable energy         (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.5
   bonds...........................................
  Exclusion of energy conservation subsidies         .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
   provided by public utilities....................
  Credit for holder of qualified energy                (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
   conservation bonds..............................
  Energy related credits:
    Credit for enhanced oil recovery costs.........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
    Credit for producing fuels from a non-               0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.6
     conventional source...........................
    Credits for alcohol fuels\5\...................      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.3
    Energy credit (section 48):
        Solar......................................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      (\1\)
        Geothermal.................................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      (\1\)
        Fuel cells.................................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      (\1\)
        Microturbines..............................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      (\1\)
    Credits for electricity production from
     renewable resources (section 45):
        Wind.......................................      0.6      0.8      0.9      0.9      0.9    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        4.1
        Closed-loop biomass........................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      (\1\)
        Geothermal.................................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.2
        Qualified hydropower.......................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
        Solar (limited to facilities placed in         (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
         service before 1/1/06)....................
        Small irrigation power.....................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
        Municipal solid waste......................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.2
        Open-loop biomass..........................      0.3      0.4      0.3      0.2      0.2    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        1.5
    Credits for investments in clean coal                0.2      0.2      0.2      0.1      0.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.8
     facilities....................................
    Coal production credits:
        Refined coal...............................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
        Indian coal................................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
    Credit for the production of energy-efficient        0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.3
     appliances....................................
    Credits for alternative technology vehicles:
        Hybrid vehicles............................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.1    (\1\)        0.9
        Other alternative fuel vehicles............    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
    Credit for clean-fuel vehicle refueling            (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
     property......................................
    Residential energy efficient property credit...  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......        0.1
    New energy efficient home credit...............    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
  Energy-related exclusions from income:
    Exclusion of interest on State and local           (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.6
     government qualified private activity bonds
     for energy production facilities..............
  Energy-related deductions:
    Deduction for expenditures on energy-efficient     (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
     commercial building property..................
    Eight-year inclusion from sale of electric           0.3      0.2    (\1\)     -0.1     -0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.3
     transmission assets to independent utilities..
    Expensing of exploration and development costs:
        Oil and gas................................      2.1      3.0      1.7      0.4      0.4    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        7.2
        Other fuels................................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.3
    Excess of percentage over cost depletion:
        Oil and gas................................      1.3      1.4      1.4      1.4      1.4    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        7.1
        Other fuels................................      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.8
    Amortization of geological and geophysical           0.1      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        1.3
     expenditures associated with oil and gas
     exploration...................................
    Amortization of air pollution control                0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.6
     facilities....................................
    Depreciation recovery periods for energy
     specific items:
        Five-year MACRS for certain energy property      0.2      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.5
         (solar, wind, etc.).......................
        10-year MACRS for smart electric               (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
         distribution property.....................
        15-year MACRS for certain electric             (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.6
         transmission property.....................
        15-year MACRS for natural gas distribution       0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.6
         line......................................
    Election to expense 50 percent of qualified          0.4      1.1      0.9      0.8      0.6    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        3.8
     property used to refine liquid fuels..........
    Exceptions for publicly traded partnership with  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.4      0.4      0.5      0.6      0.6        2.6
     qualified income derived from certain energy-
     related activities............................
Natural Resources and Environment
  Special depreciation allowance for certain reuse     (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
   and recycling property..........................
  Expensing of exploration and development costs,        0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.5
   nonfuel minerals................................
  Excess of percentage over cost depletion, nonfuel      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        1.2
   minerals........................................
  Expensing of timber-growing costs................      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        1.1
  Special rules for mining reclamation reserves....    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
  Special tax rate for nuclear decommissioning           0.7      0.8      0.8      0.9      1.0  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        4.2
   reserve funds...................................
  Exclusion of contributions in aid of construction    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.2
   for water and sewer utilities...................
  Exclusion of earnings of certain environmental       (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
   settlement funds................................
  Amortization and expensing of reforestation          (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.5
   expenditures....................................
  Gain or loss in the case of timber, coal, or       .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.4        2.1
   domestic iron ore...............................
  Special tax rate for qualified timber gain.......    (\1\)      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
  Treatment of income from exploration and mining    .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
   of natural resources as qualifying income under
   the publicly-traded partnership rules...........
  Refund of deemed tax payment to allocatee of       .......      0.3  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.3
   qualified forestry conservation bond limitation.
Agriculture
  Expensing of soil and water conservation             (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
   expenditures....................................
  Expensing of the costs of raising dairy and          (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.5
   breeding cattle.................................
  Exclusion of cost-sharing payments...............    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        1.0
  Exclusion of cancellation of indebtedness income   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.5
   of farmers......................................
  Income averaging for farmers and fishermen.......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
  Five-year carryback period for net operating         (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.7
   losses attributable to farming..................
  Expensing by farmers for fertilizer and soil         (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.2      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.6
   conditioner costs...............................
Commerce and Housing
  Housing:
    Deduction for mortgage interest on owner-        .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     67.0     80.1     89.4     99.8    107.3      443.6
     occupied residences...........................
    Deduction for property taxes on real property..  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     24.6     15.9     13.4     26.6     31.6      112.0
    Increased standard deduction for real property   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.9      2.5      0.4  .......  .......        3.7
     taxes.........................................
    Exclusion of capital gains on sales of           .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     16.8     15.8     16.9     19.3     20.9       89.9
     principal residences..........................
    Exclusion of interest on State and local             0.4      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.5      0.9      0.9      1.0      1.1      1.2        7.1
     government qualified private activity bonds
     for owner-occupied housing....................
    Deduction for premiums for qualified mortgage    .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)      0.1      0.2      0.2  .......        0.5
     insurance.....................................
    Exclusion of income attributable to the          .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.2      0.3      0.2      0.2      0.1        1.1
     discharge of principal residence acquisition
     indebtedness..................................
    First-time homebuyer credit\6\.................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.3     13.6     -0.5     -1.9     -1.7        9.9
    Refundable first-time homebuyer credit.........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      (6)      (6)      (6)      (6)      (6)        (6)
    Depreciation of rental housing in excess of          0.4      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      3.8      4.1      4.8      4.9      4.8       24.9
     alternative depreciation system\7\............
  Other business and housing:
    Refundable research tax credits\8\ ............      (1)      0.5  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.4
  Financial institutions:
    Exemption of credit union income...............      1.4      1.5      1.6      1.7      1.8  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        7.9
  Insurance companies:
    Exclusion of investment income on life               2.6      2.7      2.7      2.8      2.9     26.8     27.5     28.2     28.9     29.7      154.8
     insurance and annuity contracts...............
    Small life insurance company taxable income          0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.3
     adjustment....................................
    Special treatment of life insurance company          2.0      2.1      2.2      2.3      2.4  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......       11.0
     reserves......................................
    Special deduction for Blue Cross and Blue            1.0      1.0      1.1      1.1      1.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        5.3
     Shield companies..............................
    Tax-exempt status and election to be taxed only      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.3
     on investment income for certain small
     property and casualty insurance companies.....
    Interest rate and discounting period                 0.6      0.6      0.7      0.7      0.7  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        3.2
     assumptions for reserves of property and
     casualty insurance companies..................
    15-percent proration for property and casualty       0.3      0.3      0.3      0.4      0.4  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        1.7
     insurance companies...........................
  Housing:
    Credit for low-income housing..................      4.8      5.1      5.5      5.9      6.3      0.6      0.6      0.7      0.7      0.7       30.9
    Credit for rehabilitation of historic                0.3      0.3      0.3      0.4      0.4      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2        2.4
     structures....................................
    Credit for rehabilitation of structures, other     (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      1.0      1.0      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2      0.2        2.8
     than historic structures......................
    Exclusion of interest on State and local             0.2      0.2      0.2      0.3      0.3      0.6      0.6      0.6      0.7      0.7        4.5
     government qualified private activity bonds
     for rental housing............................
  Other business and commerce:
    Exclusion of interest on State and local             0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.4      0.4        2.4
     government small-issue qualified private
     activity bonds................................
    Carryover basis of capital gains on gifts......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.5      1.8     14.3     14.6      3.5       36.7
    15-year recovery period for:
        Leasehold improvement property.............      0.4      1.0      1.0      0.6      0.5      0.5      1.2      1.2      0.7      0.7        7.7
        Restaurant property........................      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        1.2
        Retail improvements........................    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1        0.4
        Retail motor fuels outlets.................      0.1      0.2      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2      0.1      0.1        1.5
    Seven-year recovery period for motorsports         (\1\)      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
     entertainment complexes.......................
    Deferral of gain on non-dealer installment           1.1      1.2      1.3      1.4      1.5      0.5      0.5      0.6      0.7      0.7        9.5
     sales.........................................
    Deferral of gain on like-kind exchanges........      3.0      3.0      3.1      3.2      3.3      1.1      1.1      1.2      1.1      1.1       21.2
    Expensing under section 179 of depreciable           1.0      1.0      0.5     -0.1     -1.4      4.4      4.1      2.0     -0.5     -5.8        5.2
     business property.............................
    Amortization of business startup costs.........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.8      0.9      0.9      1.0      1.0        4.6
    Reduced rates on first $10,000,000 of corporate      3.3      3.3      3.2      3.2      3.2    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)       16.3
     taxable income................................
    Exemptions from imputed interest rules.........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.6        2.6
    Expensing of magazine circulation expenditures.    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
    Special rules for magazines, paperback book,       (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
     and record returns............................
    Completed contract rules.......................      0.5      0.5      0.6      0.6      0.7    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        3.0
    Cash accounting, other than agriculture........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.9      0.9      1.0      1.0      1.1        5.0
    Credit for employer-paid FICA taxes on tips....      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.4      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2        2.6
    Deduction for certain film and television            0.2      0.2    (\2\)    (\2\)    (\2\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\2\)    (\2\)    (\2\)        0.1
     production costs..............................
    Deduction for income attributable to domestic        5.5      6.0      7.3      8.6      9.4      1.8      2.0      2.7      3.5      3.9       50.7
     production activities.........................
    Credit for the cost of carrying tax-paid           (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
     distilled spirits in wholesale inventories....
    Reduced rates of tax on dividends and long-term  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    150.2    148.1    161.6    107.5    100.6      668.1
     capital gains.................................
    Exclusion of capital gains at death............  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     26.5     28.3     30.4     37.6     45.2      168.0
    Expensing of costs to remove architectural and     (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.6
     transportation barriers to the handicapped and
     elderly.......................................
    Reduced tax rate on small business stock gains.  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.4        2.4
    Distributions in redemption of stock to pay      .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.3      0.3      0.3    (\1\)      0.5        1.3
     death taxes...................................
    Ordinary gain or loss treatment for sale or      .......      2.6      0.4      0.2      0.1  .......      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        3.4
     exchange of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
     preferred stock by certain financial
     institutions..................................
    Inventory methods and valuation:
        Last in first out..........................      3.5      3.7      3.9      4.1      4.3      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.6      0.6       22.2
        Lower of cost or market....................      2.2      0.3      0.4      0.4      0.5      0.6      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        4.8
        Specific identification for homogeneous        (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
         products..................................
    Exclusion of gain or loss on sale or exchange      (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.1
     of brownfield property........................
    60-40 rule for gain or loss from section 1256        0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      2.2      2.1      2.4      1.8      1.9       10.8
     contracts.....................................
    Net alternative minimum tax attributable to         -0.7     -0.7     -0.6     -0.6     -0.6     -0.1     -0.1     -0.1     -0.1     -0.1       -3.6
     depreciation adjustment and net operating loss
     limitation*...................................
    Exclusion of interest on State and local           (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
     qualified private activity bonds for green
     buildings and sustainable design projects.....
  Depreciation of buildings other than rental            0.9      1.7      1.7      1.1      1.1      0.7      1.4      1.4      0.9      0.9       12.1
   housing in excess of alternative depreciation
   system\7\.......................................
  Depreciation of equipment in excess of the            32.6     20.7      6.3     13.5     18.6      6.9      4.4      1.3      2.9      3.9      111.1
   alternative depreciation system\7\..............
Transportation
  Exclusion of employer-paid transportation          .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      4.0      4.1      4.3      4.9      5.2       22.4
   benefits........................................
  Credit for certain expenditures on railroad track      0.1      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.2
   maintenance.....................................
  Deferral of tax on capital construction funds of       0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        0.5
   shipping companies..............................
  Exclusion of interest on State and local             (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
   government qualified private activity bonds for
   highway projects and rail-truck transfer
   facilities......................................
Community and Regional Development
  Empowerment zone tax incentives..................      0.4      0.4      0.2    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.4      0.4      0.2      0.1      0.1        2.2
  Renewal community tax incentives.................      0.3      0.2      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.4      0.3      0.1      0.1      0.1        1.8
  New markets tax credit...........................      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.5      0.6      0.6      0.5      0.5        4.8
  Expensing of environmental remediation costs           0.1      0.1    (\1\)     -0.1     -0.2      0.1      0.1    (\1\)     -0.1     -0.1        0.2
   (``brownfields'')...............................
  District of Columbia tax incentives..............    (\1\)      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.2      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.8
    Disaster relief:
        Katrina emergency act......................      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
        Gulf opportunity zone......................      0.3    (\1\)      0.1    (\1\)    (\1\)      1.3      0.6      0.4      0.3      0.2        3.3
        Kansas disaster relief.....................  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
        Midwest disaster relief....................  .......      0.3      0.2      0.2      0.3  .......      0.9      0.1      0.1      0.1        2.2
        National disaster relief...................  .......      0.8      1.1      0.7      0.2  .......      1.2      0.8      0.5      0.1        5.3
  Accelerated depreciation for business property on      0.2      0.2      0.1     -0.1     -0.2      0.1      0.1    (\1\)     -0.1     -0.1        0.2
   Indian reservations.............................
  Credit for Indian reservation employment.........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)  .......  .......        0.2
  Exclusion of interest on State and local               0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.7      0.7      0.7      0.8      0.9        5.4
   government qualified private activity bonds for
   private airports, docks, and mass-commuting
   facilities......................................
  Exclusion of interest on State and local               0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.5      0.5        3.1
   government qualified private activity bonds for
   sewage, water, and hazardous waste facilities...
Education, Training, Employment, and Social
 Services
  Education and training:
    Deduction for interest on student loans........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.8      0.9      1.0      0.5      0.4        3.7
    Deduction for higher education expenses........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.2      2.5      0.7  .......  .......        4.5
    Exclusion of earnings of Coverdell education     .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2        0.6
     savings accounts..............................
    Exclusion of interest on educational savings     .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      (\1\)
     bonds.........................................
    Exclusion of scholarship and fellowship income.  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.8      1.9      2.0      2.1      2.2       10.1
    Exclusion of income attributable to the          .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.4
     discharge of certain student loan debt and
     NHSC educational loan repayments..............
    Exclusion of employer-provided education         .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.8      0.8      0.9      0.9      0.9        4.3
     assistance benefits...........................
    Exclusion of employer-provided tuition           .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2        1.0
     reduction benefits............................
    Parental personal exemption for students aged    .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.3      0.4    (\1\)      0.3      0.4        2.4
     19 to 23......................................
    Exclusion of interest on State and local             0.1      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.5      0.5        3.0
     government qualified private activity bonds
     for student loans.............................
    Exclusion of interest on State and local             0.8      0.8      0.9      1.0      1.0      2.0      2.1      2.2      2.5      2.6       16.0
     government qualified private activity bonds
     for private nonprofit and qualified public
     educational facilities........................
    Credit for holders of qualified zone academy         0.1      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        1.0
     bonds.........................................
    Deduction for charitable contributions to            0.4      0.4      0.5      0.5      0.5      6.0      6.3      6.6      7.0      7.7       35.9
     educational institutions......................
    Above-the-line deduction for teacher classroom   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.2    (\1\)  .......  .......  .......        0.2
     expenses......................................
    Credits for tuition for post-secondary
     education\2\:
        Hope credit................................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.7      1.8      2.0      2.6      2.7       11.8
        Lifetime learning credit...................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.9      1.2      2.0      2.8      2.9       10.8
    Exclusion of tax on earnings of qualified
     tuition programs\2\:
        Prepaid tuition programs...................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2        0.6
        Savings account programs...................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.5      0.5      0.8      1.1      1.3        4.1
  Employment:
    Exclusion of employee meals and lodging (other   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.9      1.0      1.0      1.0      1.1        5.1
     than military)................................
    Exclusion of benefits provided under cafeteria   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     33.6     36.8     40.3     44.8     45.9      201.4
     plans\9\......................................
    Exclusion of housing allowances for ministers..  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.6      0.6      0.7      0.7      0.7        3.3
    Exclusion of miscellaneous fringe benefits.....  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      6.3      6.4      6.6      7.5      8.0       34.8
    Exclusion of employee awards...................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2        0.9
    Exclusion of income earned by voluntary          .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.0      2.1      2.1      2.2      2.3       10.7
     employees' beneficiary associations...........
    Special tax provisions for employee stock            0.9      1.0      1.1      1.2      1.2      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5        6.9
     ownership plans (ESOPs).......................
    Deferral of taxation on spread on acquisition
     of stock under incentive stock option plans
     and employee stock purchase plans\2\:
        Deferral of taxation on spread on               -0.9     -0.9     -0.9     -1.0     -1.0      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.2       -3.3
         acquisition of stock under incentive stock
         option plans*.............................
        Deferral of taxation on spread on employee      -0.2     -0.2     -0.2     -0.3     -0.3      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1       -0.6
         stock purchase plans*.....................
    Disallowance of deduction for excess parachute      -0.2     -0.2     -0.2     -0.2     -0.2  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......       -1.0
     payments (applicable if payments to a
     disqualified individual are contingent on a
     change of control of a corporation and are
     equal to or greater than three times the
     individual's annualized includible
     compensation)\10\*............................
    One million dollar cap on deductible                -0.5     -0.5     -0.5     -0.5     -0.5  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......       -2.6
     compensation for covered employees of publicly
     held corporations\10\*........................
  Social services:
    Nonrefundable tax credit for children under age  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     27.3     27.1     27.2     14.1      9.4      105.1
     17\11,12\.....................................
    Credit for child and dependent care and          .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      3.1      2.6      2.6      2.5      2.4       13.2
     exclusion of employer-provided child care\13\.
    Credit for employer-provided dependent care....  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
    Exclusion of certain foster care payments......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.7      0.7      0.8      0.8      0.9        3.9
    Adoption credit and employee adoption benefits   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.4      0.4      0.4      0.1    (\1\)        1.3
     exclusion.....................................
    Deduction for charitable contributions, other        2.4      2.5      2.6      2.6      2.7     34.4     35.9     37.7     40.2     43.9      204.9
     than for education and health\14\.............
    Credit for disabled access expenditures........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.3
    Refundable tax credit for children under age     .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     20.3     18.8     18.0      7.3      3.9       68.3
     17\15\........................................
    Work opportunity tax credit....................      0.5      0.5      0.6      0.5      0.4      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        3.1
Health
  Exclusion of employer contributions for health     .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    116.8    127.4    136.9    145.0    154.2      680.3
   care, health insurance premiums, and long-term
   care insurance premiums\16\.....................
  Exclusion of medical care and TRICARE medical      .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.1      2.2      2.3      2.5      2.6       11.7
   insurance for military dependents, retirees, and
   retiree dependents not enrolled in Medicare.....
  Exclusion of health insurance benefits for         .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.2      1.3      1.4      1.7      1.9        7.5
   military retirees and retiree dependents
   enrolled in Medicare............................
  Deduction for health insurance premiums and long-  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      4.4      4.8      5.2      5.8      6.3       26.4
   term care insurance premiums by the self-
   employed........................................
  Deduction for medical expenses and long-term care  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      9.2     10.6     12.2     16.4     19.4       67.9
   expenses........................................
  Exclusion of workers' compensation benefits        .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      8.1      8.8      9.5     10.3     11.2       47.8
   (medical benefits)..............................
  Health savings accounts..........................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.5      0.7      0.9      1.2      1.6        4.9
  Exclusion of interest on State and local               0.6      0.6      0.7      0.7      0.8      1.5      1.6      1.7      1.9      2.0       12.1
   government qualified private activity bonds for
   private nonprofit hospital facilities...........
  Deduction for charitable contributions to health       0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3      3.9      4.0      4.3      4.6      5.0       23.2
   organizations...................................
  Credit for purchase of health insurance by         .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.1      0.1      0.2      0.2      0.2        0.7
   certain displaced persons\6\....................
  Refundable credit for purchase of health           .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      (6)      (6)      (6)      (6)      (6)        (6)
   insurance by certain displaced workers..........
  Credit for orphan drug research..................      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.4      0.4    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        1.7
Medicare
  Exclusion of Medicare benefits:
    Hospital insurance (Part A)....................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     21.9     23.7     25.7     30.1     33.1      134.4
    Supplementary medical insurance (Part B).......  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     14.6     16.0     17.7     21.1     23.5       92.9
    Prescription drug insurance (Part D)...........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      4.5      5.3      5.9      6.9      6.8       29.3
    Exclusion of certain subsidies to employers who      1.1      1.1      1.1      1.1      1.1  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......        5.4
     maintain prescription drug plans for Medicare
     enrollees.....................................
Income Security
  Exclusion of workers' compensation benefits        .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.7      2.7      2.7      3.0      3.1       14.2
   (disability and survivors payments).............
  Exclusion of damages on account of personal        .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.5      1.5      1.5      1.6      1.6        7.7
   physical injuries or physical sickness..........
  Exclusion of special benefits for disabled coal    .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
   miners..........................................
  Exclusion of cash public assistance benefits.....  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      3.0      3.0      3.1      3.4      4.4       16.9
  Net exclusion of pension contributions and
   earnings:
    Plans covering partners and sole proprietors     .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      9.7      9.8     13.9     18.1     19.9       71.4
     (sometimes referred to as ``Keogh plans'')....
    Defined benefit plans..........................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     42.4     42.8     42.7     42.6     42.4      212.9
    Defined contribution plans.....................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     51.2     55.2     68.1     77.8     89.1      341.4
  Individual retirement arrangements\2\:
    Traditional IRAs...............................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     13.8     15.6     17.0     15.5     16.2       78.0
    Roth IRAs......................................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.5      3.1      3.8      4.9      6.0       20.3
    Credit for certain individuals for elective      .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.8      0.8      0.8      0.8      0.8        4.1
     deferrals and IRA contributions...............
  Exclusion of other employee benefits:
    Premiums on group term life insurance..........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.6      2.7      2.7      2.7      2.7       13.4
    Premiums on accident and disability insurance..  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.9      3.0      3.1      3.3      3.5       15.8
  Additional standard deduction for the blind and    .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      2.0      1.9      1.8      2.2      2.6       10.5
   the elderly.....................................
  Deduction for casualty and theft losses..........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.3        1.2
  Nonrefundable earned income credit\11\...........  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      6.2      6.3      6.4      7.9      8.7       35.4
  Recovery rebate\7\...............................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     95.0     20.4  .......  .......  .......      115.4
  Phase out of the personal exemption and            .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    -11.1    -35.7    -64.5    -54.8    -44.2     -210.2
   disallowance of the personal exemption and the
   standard deduction against the alternative
   minimum tax*....................................
  Exclusion of survivor annuities paid to families   .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.1
   of public safety officers killed in the line of
   duty............................................
  Exclusion of disaster mitigation payments........    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)        0.2
  Refundable earned income credit\14\..............  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     42.4     44.3     45.3     41.7     41.0      214.7
  Refundable recovery rebate.......................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......    (\6\)    (\6\)    (\6\)    (\6\)    (\6\)      (\6\)
Social Security and Railroad Retirement
  Exclusion of untaxed social security and railroad  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     24.2     25.7     27.8     34.1     35.3      147.1
   retirement benefits.............................
Veterans' Benefits and Service
  Exclusion of veterans' diability compensation....  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      3.6      3.7      3.8      4.1      4.2       19.4
  Exclusion of veterans' pensions..................  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.6
  Exclusion of veterans' readjustment benefits.....  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      0.4      0.5      0.8      1.0      1.2        3.9
  Exclusion of interest on State and local             (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)    (\1\)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.4
   government qualified private activity bonds for
   veterans' housing...............................
General Purpose Fiscal Assistance
  Exclusion of interest on public purpose State and      7.4      7.7      8.0      8.4      8.8     19.0     19.7     20.4     23.2     24.0      146.6
   local government bonds..........................
  Deduction of nonbusiness State and local           .......  .......  .......  .......  .......     48.0     37.0     33.8     57.0     66.4      242.1
   government income taxes, sale taxes, and
   personal property taxes.........................
Interest
  Deferral of interest on savings bonds............  .......  .......  .......  .......  .......      1.2      1.2      1.2      1.3      1.3        6.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Positive tax expenditure of less than $50 million.
\2\In prior tables, this provision was presented on a consolidated basis.
\3\Negative tax expenditure of less than $50 million.
\4\These calculations are provided for historical comparison. The deferral calculations use full inclusion of the income of controlled foreign
  corporations as the standard.
\5\In addition, the credit from excise tax for alcohol fuels results in a reduction in excise tax receipts, net of income tax effect, of $13.6 billion
  over the fiscal years 2008 through 2012.
\6\Includes both refundable and nonrefundable amounts.
\7\These calculations are provided for historical comparison. The depreciation calculations use straignt-line depreciation as the standard.
\8\Transfer is limited to research credits that would otherwise expire.
\9\Estimate includes amounts of employer-provided health insurance purchased through cafeteria plans and employer-provided child care purchased through
  dependent care flexible spending accounts. These amounts are also included in other line items in this table.
\10\Estimate does not include effects of changes made by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.
\11\Tax expenditure estimate includes amounts used to offset income taxes and amounts used to offset other taxes.
\12\Refundable amounts.
\13\Estimate includes employer-provided child care purchased through dependent care flexible spending accounts.
\14\In addition to the general charitable deduction, the tax expenditure accounts for the higher percentage limitation for public charities, the fair
  market value deduction for related-used tangible personal property, the enhanced deduction for inventory, the fair market value deduction for publicly
  traded stock and exceptions to the partial interest rules.
\15\Nonrefundable amounts.
\16\Estimate includes employer-provided insurance purchased through cafeteria plans.
Note.--Details may not add to totals due to rounding. An ``*'' indicates a negative tax expenditure for the 2008-12 period.
Source: Joint Committee on Taxation.


                                   SUMMARY TABLE 5.--FISCAL YEAR 2010 BUDGET RESOLUTION COMPARED TO PRESIDENT'S BUDGET
                                                                [In billions of dollars]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Fiscal year                           2009          2010          2011          2012          2013          2014        2010-2014
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Budget Resolution
Total Spending:
  BA..................................................     4,200.782     3,447.528     3,441.763     3,509.887     3,718.179     3,936.332    18,053.689
  OT..................................................     3,879.882     3,549.570     3,554.895     3,533.290     3,712.719     3,908.079    18,258.553
On-Budget:
  BA..................................................     3,675.133     2,892.061     2,866.329     2,913.316     3,095.704     3,286.135    15,053.545
  OT..................................................     3,357.255     2,996.234     2,981.872     2,939.612     3,093.577     3,261.525    15,272.820
Revenues:
  Total...............................................     2,185.688     2,327.733     2,627.690     2,915.833     3,127.173     3,309.681    14,308.110
  On-budget...........................................     1,532.571     1,659.525     1,933.072     2,190.099     2,361.429     2,507.846    10,651.971
Surplus/Deficit (-):
  Total...............................................    -1,694.194    -1,221.837      -927.205      -617.457      -585.546      -598.398    -3,950.443
  On-budget...........................................    -1,824.684    -1,336.709    -1,048.800      -749.513      -732.148      -753.679    -4,620.849

                                                           President's Budget (CBO Reestimate)
Total Spending:
  BA..................................................     4,278.151     3,511.338     3,394.602     3,509.996     3,733.519     3,959.645    18,109.100
  OT..................................................     4,004.031     3,668.520     3,556.318     3,575.363     3,766.981     3,979.202    18,546.384
On-Budget:
  BA..................................................     3,752.502     2,955.880     2,819.218     2,913.579     3,111.525     3,310.312    15,110.514
  OT..................................................     3,481.404     3,115.189     2,983.337     2,981.825     3,148.301     3,333.492    15,562.144
Revenues:
  Total...............................................     2,159.331     2,289.131     2,585.853     2,917.376     3,094.667     3,230.563    14,117.590
  On-budget...........................................     1,506.214     1,620.923     1,891.235     2,191.642     2,328.923     2,428.728    10,461.451
Surplus/Deficit (-):
  Total...............................................    -1,844.700    -1,379.389      -970.465      -657.987      -672.314      -748.639    -4,428.794
  On-budget...........................................    -1,975.190    -1,494.266    -1,092.102      -790.183      -819.378      -904.764    -5,100.693

                                                                       Difference
Total Spending:
  BA..................................................       -77.369       -63.810        47.161        -0.109       -15.340       -23.313       -55.411
  OT..................................................      -124.149      -118.950        -1.423       -42.073       -54.262       -71.123      -287.831
On-Budget:
  BA..................................................       -77.369       -63.819        47.111        -0.263       -15.821       -24.177       -56.969
  OT..................................................      -124.149      -118.955        -1.465       -42.213       -54.724       -71.967      -289.324
Revenues:
  Total...............................................        26.357        38.602        41.837        -1.543        32.506        79.118       190.520
  On-budget...........................................        26.357        38.602        41.837        -1.543        32.506        79.118       190.520
Surplus/Deficit (-):
  Total...............................................       150.506       157.552        43.260        40.530        86.768       150.241       478.351
  On-budget...........................................       150.506       157.557        43.302        40.670        87.230       151.085       479.844
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


       SUMMARY TABLE 6.--FISCAL YEAR 2010 BUDGET RESOLUTION COMPARED TO 2009: TOTAL SPENDING AND REVENUES
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Fiscal year                  2010        2011        2012        2013        2014       2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Summary
Total Spending:
  BA..................................    -753.254    -759.019    -690.895    -482.603    -264.450    -2,950.221
  OT..................................    -330.312    -324.987    -346.592    -167.163      28.197    -1,140.857
On-Budget:
  BA..................................    -783.072    -808.804    -761.817    -579.429    -388.998    -3,322.120
  OT..................................    -361.021    -375.383    -417.643    -263.678     -95.730    -1,513.455
Off-Budget:
  BA..................................      29.818      49.785      70.922      96.826     124.548       371.899
  OT..................................      30.709      50.396      71.051      96.515     123.927       372.598
Revenues:
  Total...............................     142.045     442.002     730.145     941.485   1,123.993     3,379.670
  On-budget...........................     126.954     400.501     657.528     828.858     975.275     2,989.116
  Off-budget..........................      15.091      41.501      72.617     112.627     148.718       390.554
Surplus/Deficit (-)
  Total...............................     472.357     766.989   1,076.737   1,108.648   1,095.796     4,520.527
  On-budget...........................     487.975     775.884   1,075.171   1,092.536   1,071.005     4,502.571
  Off-budget..........................     -15.618      -8.895       1.566      16.112      24.791        17.956

                                                   By Function
National Defense (050):
  BA..................................     -56.024     -47.950     -38.922     -28.162     -14.229      -185.287
  OT..................................     -40.767     -58.865     -70.787     -62.140     -51.334      -283.893
International Affairs (150):
  BA..................................       4.435       8.261      12.857      18.275      23.503        67.331
  OT..................................       5.664      10.845      14.326      17.976      21.495        70.306
General Science, Space, and Technology
 (250):
  BA..................................      -4.250      -3.896      -2.016      -0.970       0.297       -10.835
  OT..................................       1.494       1.434       1.492       2.641       3.862        10.923
Energy (270):
  BA..................................     -38.430     -38.380     -38.187     -37.821     -37.692      -190.510
  OT..................................       4.315       8.370      10.448       9.181       7.560        39.874
Natural Resources and Environment
 (300):
  BA..................................     -18.622     -17.409     -16.760     -16.661     -15.992       -85.444
  OT..................................       3.616       3.403       3.224       2.920       3.123        16.286
Agriculture (350):
  BA..................................      -1.284      -0.283      -3.330      -2.477      -1.792        -9.166
  OT..................................       0.881       0.928      -5.530      -1.007      -0.920        -5.648
Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
  BA..................................    -634.897    -670.844    -689.559    -681.868    -687.883    -3,365.051
  OT..................................    -581.190    -630.069    -661.473    -664.528    -672.607    -3,209.867
  On-budget:
    BA................................    -633.506    -668.258    -684.878    -677.192    -683.213    -3,347.047
    OT................................    -579.799    -627.483    -656.792    -659.852    -667.937    -3,191.863
  Off-budget:
    BA................................      -1.391      -2.586      -4.681      -4.676      -4.670       -18.004
    OT................................      -1.391      -2.586      -4.681      -4.676      -4.670       -18.004
Transportation (400):
  BA..................................     -34.306     -33.386     -32.410     -31.591     -30.648      -162.341
  OT..................................       7.911       8.690       8.067       8.366       9.009        42.043
Community and Regional Development
 (450):
  BA..................................      -5.503      -2.579      -2.500      -2.609      -2.541       -15.732
  OT..................................      -0.680      -2.453      -4.261      -5.828      -7.231       -20.453
Education, Training, Employment and
 Social Services (500):
  BA..................................     -70.587     -56.418     -47.155     -48.345     -38.488      -260.993
  OT..................................      67.081      67.889      45.172      45.669      47.740       273.551
Health (550):
  BA..................................       3.753     -15.248     -10.306       9.561      20.293         8.053
  OT..................................      34.349      13.231      14.159      29.962      45.776       137.477
Medicare (570):
  BA..................................      22.577      78.095      86.748     131.159     189.239       507.818
  OT..................................      23.048      78.226      86.855     131.645     189.414       509.188
Income Security (600):
  BA..................................      16.046      -9.548     -42.084     -36.737     -34.727      -107.050
  OT..................................      36.898      10.390     -24.697     -20.275     -19.262       -16.946
Social Security (650):
  BA..................................      16.981      41.995      71.098     106.058     145.531       381.663
  OT..................................      18.551      43.295      71.933     106.453     145.466       385.698
  On-budget:
    BA................................     -11.565      -8.440      -5.342      -2.291       0.908       -26.730
    OT................................     -10.886      -7.751      -4.636      -1.585       1.464       -23.394
  Off-budget:
    BA................................      28.546      50.435      76.440     108.349     144.623       408.393
    OT................................      29.437      51.046      76.569     108.038     144.002       409.092
Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
  BA..................................       8.660      15.137      10.997      16.098      18.316        69.208
  OT..................................      10.637      17.555      13.272      18.320      20.649        80.433
Administration of Justice (750):
  BA..................................      -2.926      -1.891      -2.045      -2.214      -1.536       -10.612
  OT..................................       1.777       5.650       5.588       4.673       4.205        21.893
General Government (800):
  BA..................................      -8.426      -8.089      -7.668      -7.655      -6.990       -38.828
  OT..................................      -1.872      -1.482      -0.834      -1.137      -1.000        -6.325
Net Interest (900):
  BA..................................      -1.470      37.811     100.128     177.997     260.082       574.548
  OT..................................      -1.470      37.811     100.128     177.997     260.082       574.548
  On-budget:
    BA................................      -4.870      34.311      98.528     181.497     271.182       580.648
    OT................................      -4.870      34.311      98.528     181.497     271.182       580.648
  Off-budget:
    BA................................       3.400       3.500       1.600      -3.500     -11.100        -6.100
    OT................................       3.400       3.500       1.600      -3.500     -11.100        -6.100
Allowances (920):
  BA..................................      -5.028      -6.398      -7.932      -8.907     -10.585       -38.850
  OT..................................       3.105       4.115       2.962       2.334       1.174        13.690
Undistributed Offsetting Receipts
 (950):
  BA..................................       8.695       4.649       0.799      -3.086      -5.960         5.097
  OT..................................       8.695       4.649       0.799      -3.086      -5.960         5.097
  On-budget:
    BA................................       9.432       6.213       3.236       0.261      -1.655        17.487
    OT................................       9.432       6.213       3.236       0.261      -1.655        17.487
  Off-budget:
    BA................................      -0.737      -1.564      -2.437      -3.347      -4.305       -12.390
    OT................................      -0.737      -1.564      -2.437      -3.347      -4.305       -12.390
Overseas Deployments and Other
 Activities (970):
  BA..................................      47.352     -32.648     -32.648     -32.648     -32.648       -83.240
  OT..................................      67.645      51.401      42.565      32.701      26.956       221.268
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 SUMMARY TABLE 7.--FISCAL YEAR 2010 BUDGET RESOLUTION COMPARED TO 2009:
                       TOTAL SPENDING AND REVENUES
                           [Percentage change]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Fiscal year                 2010  2011  2012  2013  2014
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Summary
Total Spending:
  BA......................................  -17.  -18.  -16.  -11.  -6.3
                                             9     1     4     5
  OT......................................  -8.5  -8.4  -8.9  -4.3  0.7
  On-Budget:
    BA....................................  -21.  -22.  -20.  -15.  -10.
                                             3     0     7     8     6
    OT....................................  -10.  -11.  -12.  -7.9  -2.9
                                             8     2     4
  Off-Budget:
    BA....................................  5.7   9.5   13.5  18.4  23.7
    OT....................................  5.9   9.6   13.6  18.5  23.7
Revenues:
  Total...................................  6.5   20.2  33.4  43.1  51.4
  On-budget...............................  8.3   26.1  42.9  54.1  63.6
  Off-budget..............................  2.3   6.4   11.1  17.2  22.8
Surplus/Deficit (-)
  Total...................................  -27.  -45.  -63.  -65.  -64.
                                             9     3     6     4     7
  On-budget...............................  -26.  -42.  -58.  -59.  -58.
                                             7     5     9     9     7
  Off-budget..............................  -12.  -6.8  1.2   12.3  19.0
                                             0

                               By Function
National Defense (050):
  BA......................................  -9.1  -7.8  -6.3  -4.6  -2.3
  OT......................................  -6.3  -9.1  -10.  -9.6  -7.9
                                                         9
International Affairs (150):
  BA......................................  10.8  20.2  31.4  44.7  57.5
  OT......................................  15.0  28.7  37.9  47.6  56.9
General Science, Space, and Technology
 (250):
  BA......................................  -12.  -11.  -5.7  -2.7  0.8
                                             0     0
  OT......................................  4.8   4.6   4.8   8.5   12.5
Energy (270):
  BA......................................  -87.  -87.  -86.  -86.  -85.
                                             5     4     9     1     8
  OT......................................  146.  283.  353.  311.  256.
                                             2     5     9     0     1
Natural Resources and Environment (300):
  BA......................................  -33.  -31.  -29.  -29.  -28.
                                             2     1     9     7     6
  OT......................................  9.8   9.2   8.8   7.9   8.5
Agriculture (350):
  BA......................................  -5.1  -1.1  -13.  -9.9  -7.2
                                                         3
  OT......................................  3.8   4.0   -24.  -4.4  -4.0
                                                         0
Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
  BA......................................  -90.  -96.  -98.  -97.  -98.
                                             8     0     6     5     4
  OT......................................  -86.  -94.  -98.  -99.  -100
                                             7     0     7     2    .4
  On-budget:
    BA....................................  -91.  -96.  -98.  -97.  -98.
                                             2     2     6     5     4
    OT....................................  -87.  -94.  -98.  -99.  -100
                                             1     3     7     2    .4
  Off-budget:
    BA....................................  -29.  -55.  -100  -100  -100
                                             9     6    .6    .5    .4
    OT....................................  -29.  -55.  -100  -100  -100
                                             9     6    .6    .5    .4
Transportation (400):
  BA......................................  -28.  -27.  -26.  -25.  -25.
                                             0     3     5     8     0
  OT......................................  9.0   9.9   9.2   9.5   10.3
Community and Regional Development (450):
  BA......................................  -23.  -10.  -10.  -11.  -10.
                                             1     8     5     0     7
  OT......................................  -2.3  -8.2  -14.  -19.  -24.
                                                         2     4     1
Education, Training, Employment and Social
 Services (500):
  BA......................................  -43.  -34.  -28.  -29.  -23.
                                             0     3     7     4     4
  OT......................................  91.6  92.7  61.7  62.4  65.2
Health (550):
  BA......................................  1.0   -4.0  -2.7  2.5   5.3
  OT......................................  9.7   3.7   4.0   8.5   12.9
Medicare (570):
  BA......................................  5.3   18.3  20.3  30.7  44.3
  OT......................................  5.4   18.3  20.4  30.8  44.4
Income Security (600):
  BA......................................  3.1   -1.8  -8.1  -7.1  -6.7
  OT......................................  7.3   2.1   -4.9  -4.0  -3.8
Social Security (650):
  BA......................................  2.5   6.1   10.4  15.5  21.2
  OT......................................  2.7   6.3   10.5  15.6  21.3
  On-budget:
    BA....................................  -36.  -26.  -16.  -7.2  2.9
                                             3     5     8
    OT....................................  -34.  -24.  -14.  -5.1  4.7
                                             8     8     8
  Off-budget:
    BA....................................  4.4   7.7   11.7  16.6  22.1
    OT....................................  4.5   7.8   11.8  16.6  22.1
Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
  BA......................................  8.9   15.5  11.3  16.5  18.7
  OT......................................  11.2  18.5  14.0  19.3  21.8
Administration of Justice (750):
  BA......................................  -5.2  -3.4  -3.7  -4.0  -2.8
  OT......................................  3.6   11.3  11.2  9.4   8.4
General Government (800):
  BA......................................  -27.  -26.  -25.  -25.  -23.
                                             7     6     2     2     0
  OT......................................  -7.6  -6.0  -3.4  -4.6  -4.1
Net Interest (900):
  BA......................................  -0.9  22.3  59.0  104.  153.
                                                               9     2
  OT......................................  -0.9  22.3  59.0  104.  153.
                                                               9     2
  On-budget:
    BA....................................  -1.7  11.9  34.1  62.8  93.8
    OT....................................  -1.7  11.9  34.1  62.8  93.8
  Off-budget:
    BA....................................  -2.9  -2.9  -1.3  2.9   9.3
    OT....................................  -2.9  -2.9  -1.3  2.9   9.3
Allowances (920):
  BA......................................  -34.  -44.  -54.  -61.  -73.
                                             8     3     9     6     3
  OT......................................  173.  230.  165.  130.  65.7
                                             7     1     7     5
Undistributed Offsetting Receipts (950):
  BA......................................  -9.4  -5.0  -0.9  3.3   6.4
  OT......................................  -9.4  -5.0  -0.9  3.3   6.4
  On-budget:
    BA....................................  -12.  -7.9  -4.1  -0.3  2.1
                                             1
    OT....................................  -12.  -7.9  -4.1  -0.3  2.1
                                             1
  Off-budget:
    BA....................................  5.1   10.9  16.9  23.2  29.9
    OT....................................  5.1   10.9  16.9  23.2  29.9
Overseas Deployments and Other Activities
 (970):
  BA......................................  57.3  -39.  -39.  -39.  -39.
                                                   5     5     5     5
  OT......................................  269.  204.  169.  130.  107.
                                             2     5     4     1     3
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                         VOTES OF THE COMMITTEE

                              ----------                              


    House rule XIII, clause 3(b), requires that each committee 
report include the total number of votes cast for and against, 
and the names of members voting for and against, each recorded 
vote on a motion to report a measure or matter of a public 
nature and any amendment offered to the measure or matter.
    Described below are the roll call votes from the Committee 
on the Budget on the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for 
Fiscal Year 2010.
    On March 25, 2009, the Committee met in open session. A 
quorum was present.
    After calling the Committee to order, Chairman Spratt 
reminded all members that pursuant to unanimous consent agreed 
to at the Committee's organizational meeting held January 22, 
2009, and consistent with House rule XVI, clause 4, he was 
authorized to declare a recess at any time.
    Chairman Spratt asked unanimous consent that the reading of 
the budget aggregates, function levels, and other appropriate 
matters be dispensed with; that the aggregates, function 
levels, and other matter be opened to amendment; that the 
reading of each amendment be by title, and that the reading of 
each amendment be dispensed with. There were no objections.
    The Committee adopted and ordered reported the Concurrent 
Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2010. The following 
votes were taken by the Committee:
    1. An amendment was offered by Representative Hensarling to 
cut budget authority in Function 920 (Allowances) by $1.1 
billion below the level in the Chairman's mark for fiscal years 
2010 through 2014 by rescinding all Recovery Act funding not 
spent in 2009 and cutting non-defense, non-veterans 
discretionary spending to the level in the 2009 continuing 
resolution.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes to 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 1
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2. An amendment was offered by Representative Jordan to 
increase spending in Function 500 (Education, Training, 
Employment, and Social Services) by $140 million in 2010 for 
the private school scholarship program in the District of 
Columbia. The increase would be offset by cutting an equal 
amount from funds in Function 370 (Commerce and Housing Credit) 
provided for Digital Television Convert Box coupons.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 2
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA                               McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    3. An amendment was offered by Representatives Harper and 
Austria to decrease Function 150 (International Affairs) 
funding for aid to the Gaza Strip by $400 million for fiscal 
year 2010 and increase Function 050 (National Defense) by the 
same amount for military pay. The amendment would also create a 
separate allocation to the Appropriations Committee for 
Function 050 to eliminate its flexibility to move resources 
from Function 050 to other functions.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 13 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA                               McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    4. An amendment was offered by Representative Diaz-Balart 
to reduce revenues in the Chairman's mark by $490 billion over 
fiscal years 2010 through 2014 and create a reserve fund for 
revenues.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 4
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR                                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    5. An amendment was offered by Representative Ryan that 
would place a restriction on the health reform reserve fund to 
prevent legislation that would add private-sector mandates or 
taxes on small businesses, reduce private insurance coverage, 
reduce private sector jobs, expand entitlements, or use 
comparative effectiveness data to ``limit patient choice and 
restrict medical professionals from providing and/or 
prescribing the care they believe to be medically necessary.''
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR                                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    6. An amendment was offered by Representative Jordan to 
freeze non-defense, non-veterans discretionary funding at the 
enacted fiscal year 2008 level, for a five-year cut of $1.5 
trillion below the level in the Chairman's mark.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 6
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    7. An amendment was offered by Representative Nunes to 
assume oil and gas development in the Arctic National Wildlife 
Refuge and dedicate receipts from bonus bids, royalties, and 
rental payments to a clean energy trust fund, the Highway Trust 
Fund, and deficit reduction.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 7
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    8. An amendment was offered by Representative Lummis to add 
a provision to the deficit-neutral energy independence reserve 
fund (Section 303) that would prevent the Chairman from making 
the necessary aggregate or allocation adjustments of the 
concurrent resolution if legislation falling under the reserve 
fund were to include a cap-and-trade program.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 8
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    9. An amendment was offered by Representatives McHenry and 
Hensarling to reduce discretionary funding for Function 500 
(Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services) in the 
Chairman's mark by $50 million for 2010. It also would increase 
discretionary funding for Function 700 (Veterans Benefits and 
Services) by $50 million above the Chairman's mark.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 22 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 9
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS                               LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI                    .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    10. An amendment was offered by Representative Ryan to 
strike the reconciliation instructions to the Committees on 
Ways and Means and Energy and Commerce for health reform, and 
to the Committee on Education and Labor for investing in 
education.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 22 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 10
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS                               LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI                    .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    11. An amendment was offered by Representative Aderholt to 
require a separate vote on increasing the debt limit unless a 
certification were made that foreign-held debt was below 21.6 
percent of gross domestic product.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 11
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS                               LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    12. An amendment was offered by Representative Lummis to 
create a budget point of order against legislation that makes 
changes to the Federal Family Education Loan program unless 
certain conditions are met.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 12
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    13. An amendment was offered by Representatives Latta, 
Garrett, and Mack to eliminate the estate and gift tax at an 
approximate cost of $240 billion relative to the Chairman's 
mark and offset this cost by a corresponding reduction in 
Function 920 (Allowances).
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 13 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 13
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    14. An amendment was offered by Representative Harper to 
provide that the Medicare improvement reserve fund be used for 
legislation that would increase premiums for the Medicare 
prescription drug benefit to those with incomes above $85,000 
(individual) or $170,000 (family), which would conform to 
current law governing Part B premiums.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 12 
ayes and 22 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 14
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA     X                         McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK                 X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH     X                         HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI                    .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    15. An amendment was offered by Representative Jordan to 
add multiyear discretionary spending caps, with separate caps 
for defense and non-defense spending.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 15
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    16. An amendment was offered by Representatives Diaz-Balart 
and McHenry to add a new section to the Chairman's mark that 
would establish a point of order in the House with respect to 
considering legislation that would set a limit on carbon 
dioxide emissions from fossil fuel use.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 16
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    17. An amendment was offered by Representative Hensarling 
to apply pay-as-you-go to discretionary spending, allowing a 
point of order to stop consideration of an appropriations bill 
if it provided an increase above the CBO baseline in either the 
current year or budget year.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 17
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    18. An amendment was offered by Representative Campbell to 
require: the inclusion of Congressional Budget Office estimates 
in conference reports; roll call votes on legislation 
authorizing or providing over $50 million; the public 
availability of lists of earmarks on the internet 48 hours 
before consideration; written justifications for earmarks in 
appropriations bills reports; and restrictions on same-day 
rules.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 18
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    19. An amendment was offered by Representative Nunes to 
create a point of order against earmarks that would expire at 
the end of the first session of the 111th Congress and to 
establish new House rules for earmarks after the moratorium.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 12 
ayes and 25 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 19
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON              X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    20. An amendment was offered by Representative Ryan to 
prohibit agricultural payments to farmers who make over 
$250,000 in adjusted gross income. It would also place a hard 
cap of $250,000 in total agricultural payments per person.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 11 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 20
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT     X                         SIMPSON              X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA     X                         McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS               X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH     X                         HARPER
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    21. An amendment was offered by Representatives Simpson and 
Harper to require the inclusion of medical liability reform as 
part of the health care reserve fund.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a voice vote.
    22. An amendment was offered by Representative Jordan to 
allow savings from amendments to appropriations bill or 
continuing resolutions to be designated for deficit reduction.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 12 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 22
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    An amendment was offered by Representative Lummis to add to 
the resolution a section expressing the sense of the House that 
every state should have at least one Job Corps center.
    The amendment was withdrawn.
    23. An amendment was offered by Representatives Ryan and 
Hensarling to create a point of order against legislation that 
would increase the unfunded liability of the Medicare Hospital 
Insurance Trust Fund or would cause a net increase in the long-
term unfunded liability of the government.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 24 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 23
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    24. An amendment was offered by Representative Lummis to 
add to the resolution a policy statement in support of freezing 
the administrative expenses at the Department of Education and 
devoting all savings to the Impact Aid program.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 24
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR                                GARRETT
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    25. An amendment was offered by Representatives Hensarling 
and Jordan to deny emergency designations for additional 
activities of the Troubled Assets Relief Program.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 14 
ayes and 25 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 25
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL              X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    26. An amendment was offered by Representatives Hensarling 
and McHenry to add to the resolution a policy statement on 
requirements for receiving government-insured mortgages.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 26
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA     X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                                 MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO              X                NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    27. An amendment was offered by Representative Nunes to 
establish a point of order against considering legislation in 
the House that would ``have the effect of raising taxes on 
energy producers or the domestic production of oil and natural 
gas energy.'' The amendment also would reduce Function 950 
(Undistributed Offsetting Receipts) by $12.4 billion over five 
years and reduce spending by a similar amount.
    The amendment was not agreed to by a roll call vote of 15 
ayes and 23 nays.

                               VOTE NO. 27
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT               X                RYAN        X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART              X                HENSARL     X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR               X                GARRETT     X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA              X                DIAZ-BA
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT              X                SIMPSON     X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA              X                McHENRY     X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY                X                MACK        X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD                 X                CAMPBEL     X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER              X                JORDAN      X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS              X                LUMMIS      X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID              X                AUSTRIA     X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU              X                ADERHOL     X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO     X                         NUNES       X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH              X                HARPER      X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS              X                LATTA       X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO              X                .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS              X                .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT                X                .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI              X     .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN               X     .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP               X     .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE                X     .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL              X     .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE              X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    An amendment was offered by Representative Simpson to 
provide funding for the Yucca Mountain repository project.
    The amendment was withdrawn.
    28. A sense of House section was offered by Representatives 
Ryan and Moore stating that additional legislative action is 
needed to ensure that states have the necessary resources to 
collect all child support that is owed to families and that 100 
percent of the support should pass on to families without 
financial penalty.
    The sense of House amendment was agreed to by a voice vote.
    29. Ms. Schwartz moved that the Committee adopt the 
aggregates, functional totals, and other matters of the 
Chairman's mark, as amended. The motion was agreed to by a 
voice vote.
    30. Ms. Schwartz moved that the Committee order the 
Chairman's mark of the concurrent resolution as amended to be 
reported to the House of Representatives with the 
recommendation that the concurrent resolution do pass. The 
motion was agreed to by a roll call vote of 24 ayes and 15 
nays.

                               VOTE NO. 30
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Name &                      Answer    Name &                    Answer
 State     Aye       No     Present    State     Aye      No     Present
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SPRATT      X                         RYAN                 X
 (SC)                                  (WI)
 (Chair                                (Ranki
 man)                                  ng)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHWART     X                         HENSARL              X
 Z (PA)                                ING
                                       (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
KAPTUR      X                         GARRETT              X
 (OH)                                  (NJ)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BECERRA     X                         DIAZ-BA              X
 (CA)                                  LART
                                       (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DOGGETT     X                         SIMPSON              X
 (TX)                                  (ID)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BLUMENA     X                         McHENRY              X
 UER                                   (NC)
 (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BERRY       X                         MACK                 X
 (AR)                                  (FL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOYD        X                         CAMPBEL              X
 (FL)                                  L (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McGOVER     X                         JORDAN               X
 N (MA)                                (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSONGAS     X                         LUMMIS               X
 (MA)                                  (WY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ETHERID     X                         AUSTRIA              X
 GE                                    (OH)
 (NC)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
McCOLLU     X                         ADERHOL              X
 M (MN)                                T (AL)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MELANCO     X                         NUNES                X
 N (LA)                                (CA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
YARMUTH     X                         HARPER               X
 (KY)                                  (MS)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANDREWS     X                         LATTA                X
 (NJ)                                  (OH)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DeLAURO     X                         .......
 (CT)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDWARDS     X                         .......
 (TX)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT       X                         .......
 (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANGEVI     X              .........
 N (RI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
LARSEN      X              .........
 (WA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
BISHOP      X              .........
 (NY)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
MOORE       X              .........
 (WI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONNOLL     X              .........
 Y (VA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCHRADE     X
 R (OR)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    31. Ms. Schwartz, pursuant to House rule XXII, clause 1 
moved that the Chairman be authorized to offer such motions in 
the House of Representatives as may be necessary to go to 
conference; and that the staff be authorized to make technical 
and conforming corrections in the concurrent resolution and 
committee amendments, and to calculate the remaining elements 
required on the resolution, prior to the filing of the 
concurrent resolution. The motions were agreed to by voice 
votes.
    Mr. Ryan stated the intention of the minority to file 
minority views for inclusion in the report on the Concurrent 
Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2010.
    Chairman Spratt adjourned the Committee.
                           HOUSE RULE XXVIII

    The adoption of a conference agreement by the two houses on 
a concurrent resolution on the budget would result in the 
engrossment of a House Joint Resolution changing the statutory 
limit on the public debt pursuant to House Rule XXVIII, clause 
3. The rule requires a joint resolution in the following form:
    Resolved, by the Senate and the House of Representatives of 
the United States in Congress assembled, that subsection (b) of 
section 3101 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out the dollar limitation contained in such subsection 
and inserting in lieu thereof $13,029,000,000,000.
       OTHER MATTERS TO BE INCLUDED UNDER THE RULES OF THE HOUSE

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the House requires that each 
committee report include oversight findings and recommendations 
pursuant to clause 2(b)(1) of rule X. The Committee on the 
Budget makes no such findings at this time.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the House provides that 
committee reports shall include the statement required by 
section 308(a)(1) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
concerning new budget authority, entitlement authority, and tax 
expenditures. As a concurrent resolution that sets forth a 
blueprint for the Congressional budget, the budget resolution 
does not provide new budget authority or new entitlement 
authority or change revenues. Therefore, this report does not 
include such a statement.

                General Performance Goals and Objectives

    Clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the House requires that each 
committee report include a statement of general performance 
goals and objectives, including outcome-related goals and 
objectives, for which the measure authorizes funding. Because 
the concurrent resolution on the budget does not authorize 
funding, the Committee cannot report any such goals and 
objectives to report.

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                              ----------                              


                              Introduction

    The Democratic fiscal strategy has been clear from the 
outset: to increase government spending at every opportunity, 
for any excuse, and push the reckoning down the road. Seizing 
on troubled economic times, they are pursuing a vast expansion 
of government intended not to right the ship, but to steer it 
toward a radically different course--straight into a tidal wave 
of spending and debt that is already building. Their budget--
which is simply a sweeping expansion of government--spends too 
much, taxes too much, and borrows too much; it will sink under 
its own weight, and pull the U.S. economy down with it.
    The Majority's entire fiscal outlook resorts to the tired 
and predictable notion that the central government is the first 
and best answer to the Nation's problems. It relies on the 
outdated belief that more spending, and larger and more 
intrusive government, can lead to greater prosperity. Worse, 
the elements of the budget will likely weaken the U.S. economy, 
and sap its prospects for sustained growth. The higher 
borrowing and taxes needed to finance the Democrats' plans will 
dampen incentives and crowd out opportunities for investment 
and growth.
    The Majority promises to provide for everyone's health 
care; look after everyone's child; send everyone to college; 
pick which industries will thrive in this economy; and cut 
taxes for everyone but the ``wealthy.'' All these things sound 
desirable, and the budget pretends they can be had for free. 
They cannot. They will require huge tax increases, which will 
still be overwhelmed by the relentless torrent of spending; and 
hence they will force ever more borrowing as well, further 
draining the domestic resources needed for innovation and 
growth, and making America more vulnerable to the whims of 
foreign investors who today hold roughly 50 percent of U.S. 
debt.
    But this mounting debt, devastating as it will be, is 
simply the fiscal expression of the moral failing in the 
Majority's approach. Their borrow-and-spend philosophy further 
decays an ethical principle that once guided fiscal policy. As 
Nobel Laureate James M. Buchanan once put it:

          Before the Keynesian inspired shift in thinking about 
        fiscal matters, it was universally considered immoral 
        to spend without taxing, except in periods of emergency 
        (wars or major depressions). We have lost the moral 
        sense of fiscal responsibility that served to make 
        formal constitutional constraints unnecessary.\1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \1\Buchanan, in a prepared statement to the Committee on the 
Budget, U.S. House of Representatives, concerning a proposed balanced 
budget amendment, 27 April 1992.

    Even Democratic Presidents who favored large expansions of 
government domestic programs--Roosevelt, Truman, and Johnson--
adhered to the principle of a government that lived within its 
means, though they could not always fulfill it.\2\ The 
conviction slipped away in the 1970s, as Washington 
increasingly tried to manage the economy by manipulating fiscal 
policy. But it never fully vanished: a large majority of 
Americans still believed in such fiscal discipline; and by the 
late 1990s--with a Republican Congress and a Democratic 
President--the goal was achieved.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \2\President Johnson's balanced budget in fiscal year 1969 often is 
credited to a 10-percent surtax enacted that year, and the creation of 
the ``unified budget,'' which combined Social Security spending and 
revenue with the rest of the budget. It is noteworthy, however, that 
the 1969 budget also reduced spending measured in constant dollars. 
Without this spending reduction, the budget would not have been 
balanced.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    After the recession of 2001--and especially after the 
terrorist attacks of 9/11--budget deficits returned; but by 
2004, President Bush and the Congress were striving to reduce 
them--and they were succeeding. That progress ended in 2008, 
with a severe economic slowdown and financial rescue package to 
thaw credit markets. By January this year, the Congressional 
Budget Office [CBO] projected a record deficit of $1.2 
trillion.
    Handed an admittedly daunting challenge, the new President 
and new Congress made their intentions clear: shovel on more 
spending and more borrowing. They promptly enacted a trillion- 
dollar ``stimulus'' bill, followed by a $407.6-billion omnibus 
appropriation with nearly 9,000 earmarks. They drove this 
year's deficit to nearly $2 trillion, exceeding 13 percent of 
gross domestic product--more than double the largest budget 
deficit since World War II.
    But they did not stop there. The President had an 
opportunity to present a fiscally disciplined budget--to get 
spending, deficits, and the debt under control. Instead he went 
the other direction; and the House Democratic Majority 
followed. The smallest deficit in the 5-year window of the 
committee-reported budget resolution--$586 billion--is still 
larger in nominal terms than any other post-war gap between 
spending and revenue ($459 billion)--and if they continue to 
follow the President's plan, deficits will grow again after 
that. By the end of the President's 4-year term, deficits begin 
rising again, growing faster than inflation and faster than the 
U.S. economy.
    Still, the Democrats' willingness to heap more debt on 
future generations is only one of the moral failings in their 
fiscal strategy. Even worse is the effect of their big-
government designs on the character of individual Americans.
    What has always made America great is the character of 
individual Americans, in all their wide diversity. The 
government's rightful mission has been to secure the natural 
rights of individuals: to protect each person's life, liberty, 
and freedom to pursue his or her own happiness. A government 
that presumes to reach beyond this mission is not 
``progressive.'' It goes backward--finding excuses to privilege 
some at the expense of others. It suffocates personal 
initiative and transforms self-reliance into a vice, and makes 
it virtuous to be dependent on government. It creates an 
aversion to risk, sapping the entrepreneurial spirit necessary 
for growth, innovation, and prosperity.
    If this sounds alarmist, consider what has happened in 
Europe, where such ``progressive'' government policies have 
long been entrenched. As recently described by author and 
political commentator Mark Steyn:

          The short version of late 20th-century history is 
        that Continental Europe entirely missed out on the 
        Eighties boom and its Nineties echo. A couple of weeks 
        back, the evening news shows breathlessly announced 
        that U.S. unemployment had risen to 7 percent, the 
        highest in a decade and a half. Yet the worst American 
        unemployment rate is still better than the best French 
        unemployment rate for the same period. Indeed, for much 
        of the 1990s the EU [European Union] as a whole 
        averaged an unemployment rate twice that of the U.S. 
        and got used to double-digit unemployment as a routine 
        and semi-permanent feature of life.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \3\Steyn, ``Prime Minister Obama: Will European Statism Supplant 
the American Way?,'' National Review, 23 March 2009.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    For all these reasons, this budget debate has truly 
profound consequences. The Majority is pursuing the third major 
installment of the Federal Government's 20th century expansion. 
Time magazine captured this sense last November, with a picture 
of then-President-elect Obama as the new Franklin D. Roosevelt, 
and a cover headline that read: ``The New New Deal.'' But that 
may actually understate the Democrats' ambitions, which point 
toward the paternalistic, and economically enervating, European 
model. The cover of Newsweek announced on 16 February 2009: 
``We Are All Socialists Now.''
    To clarify this point, it is necessary to review not only 
the budget resolution as reported, but also the major fiscal 
and policy decisions already adopted by the Majority so far 
this year. The discussion below begins by reflecting on that 
context.

                              ``STIMULUS''

    Advocates of ``priming the economic pump'' by spending more 
borrowed money have never suffered a lack of faith in their 
concept--despite the absence of any consistent evidence that 
the practice works. Even President Roosevelt, whose New Deal 
often is considered the largest and most consistent exercise of 
the Keynesian theory, rejected the notion. Yet like an 
alchemist explaining his failure to conjure up gold, if one 
``stimulus'' doesn't succeed, its proponents will declare: 
``Congress didn't do it right,'' or ``it wasn't big 
enough.''\4\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \4\The most remarkable assertion is that the New Deal itself was 
too small, and only World War II spending had sufficient magnitude to 
prove Keynes's point. One expression of this view appeared in a Time 
magazine article, on 29 March 1999, by former Labor Secretary Robert B. 
Reich. He says President Roosevelt, by 1938, had run out of options and 
finally turned to the Keynesian approach. Secretary Reich adds: ``Yet 
not until the U.S. entered World War II did FDR try Keynes' idea on a 
scale necessary to pull the Nation out of the doldrums. . . .'' This 
ignores other key factors during the period: most of America's working 
age population was either serving in the military or employed in war 
production; most commodities, including gasoline, were rationed; and 
wages and prices were controlled by the government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Still, sometimes cracks in this confidence do appear. No 
sooner had Congress passed the American Recovery and 
Reinvestment Act than the House Speaker, as if anticipating its 
failure, was suggesting a second ``stimulus'' would be needed--
though she soon disavowed the idea. In any case, the President 
got to sign his first big spending bill within the first month 
of his tenure.\5\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \5\The folly of rushing the measure through has only become more 
clear since its enactment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The supposedly ``targeted'' measure spent money on an 
estimated 150 government programs. It included $43.6 billion 
for 15 programs the Office of Management and Budget [OMB] has 
rated as ``ineffective'' or ``results not demonstrated.'' 
Because it is funded on borrowed money, its cost will surely 
exceed the advertized $787 billion--reaching $1.1 trillion with 
interest payments. It helped push an already large budget 
current-year deficit above 13 percent of gross domestic 
product, according to the most recent estimates by the CBO. 
Worst of all, because of the additional debt it creates, the 
measure will actually weaken, not stimulate, the economy in the 
long run, according to CBO's estimates. The only additional 
demand it will create is a demand for even more government.
    In addition to its purely financial aspects, the measure 
took several large steps toward nationalizing U.S. health care.
    It increased, by about 8.2 million, the number of those 
dependent on the Federal Government for health care, according 
to CBO estimates. Of these, 7 million will take advantage of 
the measure's expanded COBRA coverage (COBRA is the 
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986), and 
1.2 million will enroll in Medicaid under the $90-billion 
expansion of the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage [FMAP] 
formula for Medicaid.
    With the latter, the legislation threw this money at a 
flawed program. In early February, the Government 
Accountability Office published a report showing $32.7 billion 
worth of improper Medicaid payments in a single year (2007)--
more than 10 percent of total Medicaid spending. But instead of 
reforming the program, the ``stimulus'' bill increased payments 
using a methodology based on the current payment formula--
widely acknowledged as seriously deficient because it rewards 
States for driving up their health care costs.
    It also shifted control of health care decisions toward the 
Federal Government with provisions that, as is often the case, 
sound eminently reasonable.
    One is health information technology [IT]. The ``stimulus'' 
bill spent $20 billion on a government-run IT program for 
medical providers, punishing those who already have adopted 
technology measures, and refusing to acknowledge the lack of 
consensus on interoperability standards, the nucleus of any 
health information technology program. The bill also ignored 
the widespread lack of confidence in the security of 
individuals' personal medical information when managed by a 
Federal Government that frequently has mishandled electronic 
records.
    A second measure is known as ``comparative effectiveness.'' 
The ``stimulus'' bill set aside $1.1 billion for a new 
``Comparative Effectiveness Research'' program. The purpose of 
this ``research'' is to allow the Federal Government even more 
leverage in deciding which medical treatments are worth paying 
for and which are not. This will inevitably impose government 
control over physicians' medical decisions, and cause private-
sector insurers to limit coverage in line with the government's 
choices--all of which will turn American health care into a 
nationalized health maintenance organization [HMO]. As 
demonstrated in the United Kingdom and Canada, it is a mistake 
to let the government dictate health care decisions. The Wall 
Street Journal reported in February that the median wait time 
to see a general practitioner in Canada is 17.3 weeks, with one 
man being told, at age 57, that he was too old to see the 
benefits of hip surgery. In the UK, a comparative effectiveness 
board has denied drugs for those suffering from breast cancer, 
Alzheimer's Disease, and multiple sclerosis.
    While it is hard to imagine the United States would make 
such choices, Democrats on the Appropriations Committee--the 
committee responsible for funding agencies that oversee this 
program--have already indicated this practice as the goal of 
comparative effectiveness research. The committee's report on 
the ``stimulus'' says: ``Those items, procedures, and 
interventions . . . that are found to be less effective and in 
some cases, more expensive, will no longer be prescribed.''\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \6\H. Rept. 111-004.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              THE OMNIBUS

    The Majority followed its trillion dollars of ``stimulus'' 
with another trillion-dollar spending measure: the omnibus 
appropriations bill, more than half of which was appropriated 
mandatory spending. Its $407.6 billion in nonemergency 
discretionary spending, as estimated by CBO, represented an 
increase of $29 billion, or 7.7 percent, from fiscal year 2008 
enacted levels. That increase alone was several times greater 
than inflation (0.03 percent at the time) just as the U.S. 
economy was shrinking. But when combined with the three 
appropriations bills previously enacted under the regular 
order, the Majority had increased discretionary spending by $80 
billion, or 8.6 percent, over the 2008 level. When added to the 
few appropriations bills enacted under the regular order, total 
fiscal year 2009 discretionary spending exceeded $1 trillion 
(see Table 2).

                        TABLE 1: FISCAL YEAR 2009 OMNIBUS APPROPRIATIONS BILL (H.R. 1105)
                              [Budget Authority, in Billions of Dollars Annualized]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    FY 2008                 Dollar      Percent
                                                                    Enacted     FY 2009    Increase    Increase
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agriculture:
    Budget Authority............................................      18.093      20.456       2.363      13.1
    Outlays.....................................................      19.528      21.530       2.002      10.3
Commerce, Justice, Science:
    Budget Authority............................................      51.803      57.652       5.849      11.3
    Outlays.....................................................      53.441      57.372       3.931       7.4
Energy and Water:
    Budget Authority............................................      30.888      33.261       2.373       7.7
    Outlays.....................................................      32.340      32.270      -0.07        -.02
Financial Services:
    Budget Authority............................................      20.599      22.697       2.098      10.2
    Outlays.....................................................      20.903      22.890       1.987       9.5
Interior and Environment:
    Budget Authority............................................      26.555      27.579       1.024       3.9
    Outlays.....................................................      28.052      28.659        .607       2.2
Labor, HHS, Education:
    Budget Authority............................................     144.841     149.935       5.094       3.5
    Outlays.....................................................     146.292     150.134       3.842       2.6
Legislative Branch:
    Budget Authority............................................       3.970       4.402        .432      10.9
    Outlays.....................................................       4.008       4.330        .322       8.0
State, Foreign Operations:
    Budget Authority............................................      32.800      36.620       3.820      11.6
    Outlays.....................................................      32.841      36.219       3.378      10.3
Transportation, HUD:
    Budget Authority............................................      48.821      55.000       6.179      12.7
    Outlays.....................................................     114.270     114.663        .393       0.3
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------
    Subtotal: Omnibus Appropriations Bill
        Budget Authority........................................     378.370     407.602      29.232       7.7
        Outlays.................................................     451.675     468.067      16.392       3.6
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Congressional Budget Office (2008 scored levels at time of enactment).

    Even these figures understated the Majority's spending 
spree, however, because many programs receiving increases in 
this measure already were boosted in the ``stimulus''; and with 
this ``double dipping,'' spending in programs covered by the 
omnibus nearly doubled compared with 2008.
    The bill also contained nearly 9,000 Member-sponsored 
earmarks totaling roughly $11 billion. These included $15 
million for California Emission Reduction Grants; $1.8 million 
for swine odor and manure management; $200,000 for tattoo 
removal; $1.9 million for a water taxi service in Connecticut; 
and $2.2 million for grape genetics (see Table 3). There were 
also 85 earmarks for the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, which had received $1 billion in the 
``stimulus'' bill.
    With the President having pledged to halt earmarks, the 
administration scrambled for an excuse to let them slide in 
this case, and resorted to declaring this was ``last year's 
business''--notwithstanding that it was this year's Congress 
that passed the measure, and this year's President who signed 
it.

                                 TABLE 2: TOTAL FISCAL YEAR 2009 APPROPRIATIONS
                              [Budget Authority, in Billions of Dollars Annualized]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                FY 2008                    Dollar       Percent
                                                                Enacted      FY 2009      Increase     Increase
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Omnibus Appropriations Bill (from Table 1)
    Budget Authority........................................     378.370     407.602        29.232         7.7
    Outlays.................................................     451.675     468.067        16.392         3.6
Previously Enacted Appropriations (Public Law 110-329)
Defense
    Budget Authority........................................     459.332     487.737        28.405         6.2
    Outlays.................................................     475.164     525.250        50.116        10.5
Homeland Security:
    Budget Authority........................................      34.852      42.164         7.312        21.0
    Outlays.................................................      38.028      42.625         4.597        12.1
Military Construction, VA:
    Budget Authority........................................      60.213      72.863        12.650        21.0
    Outlays.................................................      52.232      66.881        14.649        28.0
Labor, HHS Education\1\
    Budget Authority........................................      --           2.320         2.320       100.0
    Outlays.................................................      --           1.624         1.624       100.0
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
    Subtotal: Previously Enacted Appropriations
        Budget Authority....................................     554.397     605.084        50.687         9.1
        Outlays.............................................     565.424     636.410        70.986        12.6
                                                             ===================================================
    Total: Fiscal Year 2009 Appropriations
        Budget Authority....................................     932.767   1,012.686        79.919         8.6
        Outlays.............................................   1,017.099  \2\1,104.500   \2\87.401         8.6
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Congressional Budget Office (2008 scored levels at time of enactment).
\1\Appropriations for these activities were increased in the continuing resolution.
\2\Fiscal Year 2009 includes $23 million in outlays from Public Law 110-252.


        TABLE 3: SELECTED EARMARKS IN OMNIBUS APPROPRIATIONS BILL
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Earmark                              Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
California Emission Reduction Grants....................     $15,000,000
Illinois Pedestrian and Bicycling Road and Trail               2,850,000
 Improvements...........................................
Center for Grape Genetics...............................       2,192,000
Center for Advanced Viticulture and Tree Crop Research..       2,192,000
Promotion of Astronomy in Hawaii........................       2,000,000
Pleasure Beach Water Taxi Service, Connecticut..........       1,900,000
Honey Bee Lab...........................................       1,762,000
Swine Odor and Manure Management........................       1,791,000
Sustainable Las Vegas...................................         951,500
Study Alternative Uses for Tobacco......................         280,000
Tattoo Removal Violence Prevention Outreach.............         200,000
Digitization of New York Historical Society Collection..         190,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The gimmicks in the bill included $28.8 billion in 
``advance appropriations''--spending loaded up for 2010; $100 
million in ``emergency'' spending (after the Majority already 
spent $787 billion for the emergency ``stimulus'' bill); and 
$3.2 billion in rescissions of highway contract authority that 
will produce no expenditure savings.

                         THE PRESIDENT'S BUDGET

    In his late-February address to Congress, the President 
said the answers to America's troubles ``exist in our 
laboratories and our universities; in our fields and our 
factories; in the imaginations of our entrepreneurs and the 
pride of the hardest-working people on Earth.'' But the budget 
he submitted 2 days later contradicts the rhetoric. Like the 
entire Democratic fiscal and policy strategy, it views 
government--and especially the central government in 
Washington--as the fountain of wisdom and creativity.
    The House budget resolution is the President's fiscal 
plan--indeed, news accounts leading to the markup consistently 
spoke of Congress voting on the President's budget. While the 
numbers in the committee-reported resolution may differ from 
the President's, through various maneuvers, such as reserve 
funds, it will result in the President's budget. Therefore a 
review of the administration proposal is appropriate.

                            SPENDS TOO MUCH

    As reestimated by the CBO,\7\ the President's budget 
increases total spending to more than $4 trillion in 2009--28.5 
percent of GDP--the highest Federal spending has been as a 
share of the economy since World War II. After 10 years, 
spending as a percentage of GDP will still be 24.5 percent of 
GDP, nearly a full 2 percentage points higher than any year 
during the Bush administration, despite the full costs of 9/11, 
the war, and Hurricane Katrina. Through the entire 10-year 
budget window, spending remains at or above roughly 23 percent 
of GDP, the longest sustained post-war period for that level of 
spending.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \7\Congressional Budget Office, A Preliminary Analysis of the 
President's Budget and an Update of CBO's Budget and Economic Outlook, 
March 2009.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    For discretionary spending, the budget proposes $1.3 
trillion in budget authority [BA] for fiscal year 2010, 
according to the administration's own figures--an increase of 
6.7 percent from its estimate of the fiscal year 2009 
nonemergency level. The 2010 total includes $533.7 billion for 
the Department of Defense, a 4-percent increase, and $599.1 
billion for nondefense programs, a 9.3-percent increase over 
the preceding fiscal year (excluding emergencies). For the 
outyears, the budget unrealistically assumes that after 2 years 
of runaway spending, Congress will dramatically slow the growth 
of nondefense discretionary budget authority to about the rate 
of inflation.

                         TABLE 4: BASE DISCRETIONARY SPENDING IN THE PRESIDENT'S BUDGET
                                              [Dollars in billions]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  2009         2010      $ Increase   % Increase
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Defense.....................................................        513.3        533.7         20.3          4.0
Nondefense..................................................        548.2        599.1         50.8          9.3
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
    Total Base..............................................      1,061.6      1,132.8         71.2          6.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Office of Management and Budget. Figures may not add due to rounding.

    The President also requested $83 billion in fiscal year 
2009 funding for the Global War on Terrorism, as well as $130 
billion for war costs in fiscal year 2010. In the outyears, the 
budget contains a $50-billion ``placeholder'' in every year. 
Finally, the budget takes the peak year of Iraq war funding 
(fiscal year 2008), inflates this level, and adds $1.6 trillion 
in BA to the baseline for the Iraq war over the next 10 years. 
The administration then takes credit for the difference, 
claiming $1.5 trillion in outlay ``savings'' between this 
baseline and its actual war requests for fiscal year 2009 and 
beyond.
    Notable discretionary spending increases requested by the 
President include the following:
           A 35-percent increase in fiscal year 2010 
        budget authority for the Environmental Protection 
        Agency, following a 92-percent increase in 2009 in the 
        ``stimulus'' bill.
           A 41-percent increase in 2010 for the State 
        Department and other international agencies.
           An 18-percent boost for housing.
           A 14-percent increase in education funding.
           A 9-percent increase for agriculture.
    Despite the President's talk of the need to reform 
entitlements and become ``fiscally responsible,'' his budget 
increases net entitlement spending over 10 years by $1 
trillion. The total consists of refundable tax credits ($326.2 
billion); a Medicare physician payment increase ($329.6 
billion); and $317.8 billion in tax increases toward a health 
care reserve fund that will finance entitlement spending 
increases.
    The $634-billion health care reserve fund--described in 
further detail below--is said to be only a ``down payment'' on 
health care reform. The administration notes in the President's 
budget that that amount will ``not be sufficient for 
comprehensive reform'' and lists these additional entitlement 
expenditures as ``TBD''--to be determined. Half of the $634-
billion ``health reserve fund'' is offset with $317.8 billion 
in tax increases. The other half is offset with $316 billion in 
reductions to the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Of this $316 
billion, more than half the savings come from adding a 
``competitive bidding'' requirement for Medicare Advantage 
plans. As this proposal reduces payments to Medicare Advantage 
plans by approximately the same amount of money ($176.6 
billion) as past proposals for the program (such as reducing 
Medicare Advantage payments to 100 percent of fee-for-service 
Medicare payments), it can be expected to reduce coverage by 
approximately the same number of individuals as CBO has 
previously estimated--6 million seniors.
    In addition to the Medicare Advantage reductions, 
additional savings are achieved from a variety of proposals, 
such as reductions in home health payments, changes to the 
Medicaid drug rebate program, bundling of Medicare hospital and 
post-acute care payments, and Food and Drug Administration 
approval of generic biologic drugs. Another provision calls for 
requiring the wealthiest seniors to pay more for their Medicare 
drug benefits. (This is a concept many Republicans have 
supported in the past, and it has been included in the 
Republican budget substitute the past 2 years. But the House 
Democratic Majority left it out of their budget resolution, and 
in markup rejected an amendment to include it.)

         TABLE 5: THE PRESIDENT'S ENTITLEMENT SPENDING INCREASES
                 [Deficit impact in billions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                2010-19
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Mandatory Initiatives and Savings (2010-19)............       37.9
Outlay Effect of Tax Credits.................................      326.2
Health Care Tax Spending.....................................      317.8
Medicare Physician Payments..................................      329.6
                                                              ----------
    Total....................................................    1,011.5 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Office of Management and Budget

    The budget extends a physician payment increase that adds 
$285 billion to Medicare outlays over 10 years and increases 
Medicare's existing $36 trillion in unfunded obligations by $2 
trillion. Because this payment increase is included in the 
President's baseline, it does not show up as a spending 
increase and is not subject to the pay-as-you-go requirement 
that this costly payment update be offset in the future. What 
this amounts to is increased deficit spending. While the 
details of this payment increase are not provided, an increase 
of about 1 percent each year can be expected, given the cost 
and past estimates of this proposal. (The Majority's budget 
resolution also exempts from the House pay-as-you-go rule the 
Sustainable Growth Rate formula used for setting Medicare's 
physician payment rates; and the Majority rejected an amendment 
establishing a point of order against any legislation in the 
House that would increase the government's more than $56 
trillion in unfunded liabilities.)
    When the President signed into law the Democratic 
Majority's reauthorization of the State Children's Health 
Insurance Program [SCHIP], it included a funding cliff in new 
spending--meaning children would be put on the program 
initially only to be forced off or onto Medicaid when the new 
funding runs out after 5 years. As this is politically 
impossible, CBO estimated the true cost of the SCHIP expansion 
to be $38 billion more over 10 years than OMB reported, for a 
total of $153 billion.
    The President's budget also calls for several other 
entitlement expansions:
     Pell Grants. The budget permanently extends the 
``stimulus'' bill's so-called ``temporary'' increase to the 
Pell Grant benefit, and indexes the benefit so that it 
automatically rises 1 percent ahead of the consumer price index 
[CPI] going forward. The budget also converts Pell Grants into 
an entitlement program by placing it in the mandatory spending 
category. This will cost taxpayers an additional $116.8 billion 
over 10 years.
     Three More New Entitlement Programs. The budget 
further expands government entitlements with the creation of 
three new mandatory programs. First, a new College Access and 
Completion Fund is created and funded for 5 years at a cost of 
$2.5 billion, after which time the program is ostensibly zeroed 
out. This is another misleading spending ``cliff'': it is 
highly unlikely that this program will end, and even if it 
does, it will not end abruptly.
     Second, the budget spends $8.6 billion to 
establish a new nursing home visitation program. Once this new 
entitlement starts, the budget estimates it will cost taxpayers 
$1.8 billion per year. Finally, an additional $4.3 billion is 
added to the entitlement spending category for an automatic 
increase in the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program. The 
increase is intended to correspond with rising energy costs.
     Student Loans. The budget effectively eliminates 
the Federal Family Education Loan Program, a student loan 
program that leverages private sector capitol, and is the 
largest source of student financial aid. In its place, the 
budget finances the entire Federal student loan program with 
U.S. treasury borrowing.
     Troubled Assets Relief Program [TARP]. Also 
included in the President's mandatory spending proposals is a 
``placeholder for additional financial stabilization 
effort[s]'' that could be used to purchase up to $750 billion 
in troubled assets from the banking sector. The budgeted amount 
of $250 billion actually represents the ``subsidy,'' or net 
cost to the Federal Government after recoupment, although the 
up-front investment would be about three times that amount. The 
funding will be made available in addition to the $700 billion 
in TARP funds approved by Congress in September 2008.
     Agriculture Programs. The budget shifts Department 
of Agriculture funding away from farm subsidies and directs 
them toward food welfare programs. The most significant changes 
in farm subsidies include a reduction of direct payments to 
farmers making more than $500,000; a reduction in crop 
insurance premium assistance; and the elimination of payments 
for cotton storage. (The Majority excluded this provision from 
the budget resolution, and a bipartisan amendment to add a 
similar provision was rejected.)
     Nutrition Programs. The budget includes $9.8 
billion to fund the reauthorization of the Child Nutrition and 
Women and Infant Children Programs, which provide assistance to 
low-income children. This comes on top of the $20 billion 
provided for nutrition programs in the ``stimulus'' bill. The 
budget also mentions the creation of a pilot program to 
increase the participation of low-income seniors in the 
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly known as 
food stamps), but does not provide a cost estimate for this 
provision.
     Hope for Homeowners Program. The Hope for 
Homeowners program began in 2008. The Department of Housing and 
Urban Development said: ``400,000 borrowers in danger of losing 
their homes will be able to refinance into more affordable 
government-insured mortgages.'' Yet as of 3 February 2009, only 
25 loans have been guaranteed under the Hope for Homeowners 
program. The President's budget proposes to increase funding 
for the program by $2.3 billion over 10 years.

                             Taxes Too Much

    Overall, the President's budget increases taxes by $1.5 
trillion over 10 years, mainly through tax hikes on those 
earning more than $250,000 a year (which will include many 
small businesses), and a cap-and-trade tax on carbon emissions 
that will add to U.S. families' costs for natural gas, 
electricity, home heating, and gasoline.
    Still, in contrast to the congressional Majority, the 
President's budget recognizes that keeping tax rates the same 
does not constitute to a new tax ``cut.'' Specifically, his 
revenue baseline assumes the continuation of the 2001 and 2003 
tax relief laws beyond their scheduled expiration in 2011. The 
administration baseline also assumes indexing the alternative 
minimum tax [AMT] for inflation. House Democrats adopted a pay-
as- you-go rule that treated both of these extensions as new 
tax ``cuts'' requiring offsetting tax increases.
    Some of the significant tax increases in the President's 
budget are the following:
     Tax Hikes on ``Upper-Income Individuals.'' This 
provision raises $636.7 billion over 10 years. More than half 
that revenue ($339 billion) comes from reinstating the 36 
percent and 39.6 percent tax brackets for taxpayers earning 
more than $250,000 (married) and $200,000 (single). The 
overwhelming majority of small businesses pay taxes at the top 
two individual rates, so this represents a de facto tax hike on 
the engine of job creation in the U.S. economy.
     Limiting Key Deductions. The budget also proposes 
to limit the mortgage-interest deduction for upper-income 
taxpayers. Households paying taxes at the top two income 
brackets (currently 33 percent and 35 percent) would only be 
able to take this deduction at the 28-percent rate instead, 
thereby lowering its tax value. It is a curious step at a time 
when the government also is trying to support a troubled 
housing market. The tax deduction for charitable giving would 
also be capped in a similar way for top-tier filers.
     Exemptions and Deductions. The budget reinstates 
the Personal Exemption Phaseout [PEP] and limitation on 
itemized deductions for those earning more than $250,000 
(married) and $200,000 (single). This increases taxes by $179.8 
billion over 10 years.
     The Death Tax. The estate tax, scheduled to be 
repealed next year, is resurrected in the President's budget, 
which maintains the provision at its 2009 parameters (i.e. top 
rate of 45 percent, estate exemption amount is $3.5 million). 
This onerous tax punishes families for building up savings to 
pass on to their heirs; and it imposes an especially heavy 
burden on small businesses and family farms.
     Capital Gains. The President increases the capital 
gains tax rate from 15 percent to 20 percent for upper income 
taxpayers, raising taxes by $118.1 billion over 10 years.
     Cap and Trade. The President's budget proposes to 
begin capping carbon emissions beginning in 2012. This new 
policy would impose an $80-billion annual cost to the economy--
or $646 billion over 10 years--by making carbon-based energy 
more expensive. The household impact of the proposal is 
expected to be anywhere from $1,600 to $4,500 per year. The 
administration claims the burden of increased energy prices 
would be eased by returning most of the new revenue to 
taxpayers through the Make Work Pay tax credit. But the credit 
is not available to seniors and those who do not work. A 
conservative estimate also shows this proposal could lead to as 
many as 1.5 million job losses by 2015.
    It is important to note that Treasury routinely assumes 
excise taxes reduce incomes in the affected industry and for 
others throughout the economy, and offsets the revenue gain by 
25 percent. Consequently, the $646 billion actually understates 
the impact of the cap-and-trade policy. The actual burden on 
consumers may be more than $800 billion.
     Energy Taxes. The budget signals a greater 
emphasis on alternative and renewable energy at the expense of 
the oil and natural gas industries. The budget repeals numerous 
different tax provisions for oil and gas producers, including 
the manufacturing deduction and expensing of drilling costs, 
which would effectively raise taxes on the industry by $31 
billion to $80 billion.
    In addition, the budget requests implementation of last 
summer's controversial ``use it or lose it'' leasing policy, 
which would add yet another $1 billion to domestic energy 
producers' costs. Altogether, the budget's energy policies 
could cost 167,000 jobs, studies show.
    The budget also contains a range of ``loophole closers,'' 
recommended by the President, that raise taxes by a total of 
$353 billion over 10 years.
     Enforcement. The largest item is ``international 
enforcement, reform deferral, and other tax reform,'' which 
raises $210 billion. The lion's share of this revenue likely 
comes from an elimination or a severe restriction on the 
deferral of tax on overseas profits from U.S.-based 
multinational companies. This provision would undermine U.S. 
competitiveness by moving further toward a worldwide system of 
international taxation (most countries have territorial 
systems) and would likely lead to a rise in foreign takeovers 
of U.S.-based companies.
    The U.S. has experimented with this provision in the past. 
In the mid-1980s, tax deferral was eliminated for U.S.-based 
shipping companies. Several large U.S. shipping companies were 
subsequently taken over by foreign competitors to bypass the 
harmful effects of the new law and reap the tax benefits of 
being foreign-owned. These takeovers led to a loss of U.S.-
headquartered jobs at these shipping companies and affected 
domestic jobs in industries tied to the shipping industry.
     Carried Interest. The budget would tax carried 
interest at private equity funds at the ordinary income rate 
instead of the capital gains rate (i.e. tax rate rises from 
current 15 percent to as much as 39.6 percent). This provision 
hampers the flow of private venture capital at precisely the 
time when we should be encouraging it.

                TABLE 6: THE PRESIDENT'S NET TAX INCREASE
                [Deficit impact in billions of dollars]a
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                2010-19
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Obama Net Tax Provisions (2010-19)..........................       -50.0
Replace Aviation Excise Tax with an Equivalent Fee..........       -77.1
Include Climate Tax.........................................      -645.7
Include Health Reform Tax...................................      -317.8
Include Receipt Effect from Mandatory Proposals.............       -14.1
Include Outlay Effect of Tax Credits........................      -326.2
                                                             -----------
    Total Tax Increase......................................    -1,430.8 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\Negative numbers indicate an increase in taxes.

Source: Office of Management and Budget.

                            BORROWS TOO MUCH

    As noted, the deficit stood at $1.2 trillion in January. 
But the President and the Democratic Congress have already 
widened this fiscal gap to $1.8 trillion, according to CBO--a 
deficit increase greater than the total deficit in any year in 
the United States' history.
    The hemorrhage of red ink results from the economic 
``stimulus,'' expanded funding for the Troubled Assets Relief 
Program, doubling the bailout of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, 
and an omnibus appropriations bill that will drive this year's 
total discretionary spending above $1 trillion. The total 
deficit is 13.1 percent of GDP, more than twice the highest 
deficit level as a share of the economy since World War II. 
According to CBO, the President's deficits total $1.379 
trillion (9.6 percent of GDP) in 2010, and $970 billion (6.4 
percent of GDP) in 2011. They jump to $749 billion in 2014, the 
target year for the cut-the-deficit-in-half goal. Deficits 
continue to grow, reaching $1.189 trillion by the end of the 
decade.
    This practice of financing big promises with borrowed money 
is, of course, precisely what got the U.S. economy into its 
current troubles--and this budget makes it permanent government 
policy. Further, like the budget's tax increases, its heavy 
borrowing soaks up the very economic resources needed for 
private-sector investment to sustained growth in the U.S. 
economy.
    It also adds to an already growing debt that threatens to 
overwhelm future generations. Under the President's budget, 
debt held by the public--effectively the amount Treasury needs 
to borrow in private markets--will double by 2014, to $12.6 
trillion, and will more than triple before the end of the 
decade, to $17.3 trillion in 2019, CBO estimates. Measured as a 
share of the economy, debt held by the public rises to 82.4 
percent of GDP by 2019.\8\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \8\CBO, A Preliminary Analysis of the President's Budget and an 
Update of CBO's Budget and Economic Outlook, March 2009.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    According to Treasury, foreigners currently hold more than 
50 percent of U.S. debt; but it cannot be taken for granted 
that they will continue to hold this current debt, much less 
the huge increases the Obama administration will need to 
borrow.

                              OBAMA REDUX:


                      THE HOUSE DEMOCRATIC BUDGET


                              Introduction

    After first protesting that their budget was different from 
the President's--with less spending, smaller deficits, and 
lower debt--Majority Members conceded during markup that the 
two budgets were really the same. Some of their comments:
     ``This budget resolution shares the President's 
priorities.''
     ``[This is a] key step to making the President's 
plan a reality.''
     ``The President has proposed, and under this 
budget we support his plans.''
     The Chairman's Mark ``embraces'' and ``supports'' 
the President's budget.
    These remarks only admitted the obvious. The Chairman's 
Mark, and the budget as reported, could have been described as 
different from the President's budget only if one believed the 
following:
     That the 5-year budget window, as opposed to the 
President's 10-year plan, was not designed to hide the 
explosion of costs after 2014 for the President's ambitious, 
big-government agenda.
     That the AMT would be fixed in a ``deficit-
neutral'' fashion--that is, by raising other taxes--though the 
Democrats themselves have rejected this approach for the past 2 
years.
     That the ``Making Work Pay'' tax credit--a key tax 
provision in the President's budget--would not be extended 
unless offset (it was created as an ``emergency'' measure).
     That the Troubled Assets Relief Program [TARP] was 
over and the Treasury Secretary's financial stabilization plans 
will get no more funding.
     That the budget's numerous ``reserve funds'' (AKA 
tax and spend) would not be used to increase spending and taxes 
in the President's plan for a sweeping expansion of government.
     That the House would give up its plans to jam 
through the U.S. Senate a government takeover of health care 
and student loans, and possibly a carbon ``cap-and-trade'' 
system by using the fast-track ``reconciliation'' process.
    If one does not believe these things, the resolution as 
reported truly is the President's budget; and as such it ushers 
in the third and final wave of government expansion, building 
on the New Deal and the Great Society. For that reason, much of 
this discussion focuses on peculiar aspects of the budget 
relating to congressional rules and practices.

                                           TABLE 7: BUDGET COMPARISONS
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CBO March Baseline:
    Revenue...................................      2,186      2,334      2,783      3,086      3,281      3,436
    Outlays...................................      3,853      3,473      3,476      3,417      3,581      3,746
    Deficits..................................     -1,667     -1,139       -693       -331       -300       -310
    Debt (Public).............................      7,703      8,658      9,340      9,712     10,016     10,372
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
President's Budget:
    Revenue...................................      2,159      2,289      2,586      2,917      3,095      3,231
    Outlays...................................      4,004      3,669      3,556      3,575      3,767      3,979
    Deficits..................................     -1,845     -1,379       -970       -658       -672       -749
    Debt (Public).............................      7,987      9,319     10,292     11,055     11,770     12,628
                                               -----------------------------------------------------------------
Committee-Reported Budget:
    Revenue...................................      2,186      2,328      2,628      2,916      3,127      3,310
    Outlays...................................      3,880      3,550      3,555      3,533      3,713      3,908
    Deficits..................................     -1,694     -1,222       -927       -617       -586       -598
    Debt (Public).............................      7,730      8,768      9,684     10,344     10,934    11,577
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Committee on the Budget, Republican staff. Figures may not add due to rounding.

                                OVERVIEW

    As noted, it is a 5-year budget, plus fiscal year 2009. It 
assumes a peak deficit of $1.694 trillion in fiscal year 2009. 
The deficit path is below the President's as scored by the CBO, 
falling to $585 billion in 2013 and then starting to rise. 
Deficits total approximately $628 billion less than the 
President's for the fiscal year 2009-14 period.
    One reason for these differences and others is that the 
committee's reported budget carries many spending initiatives 
in the form of ``reserve funds''; the costs of these items are 
not reflected in the budget figures. The House budget also 
assumes, in its revenue base, a large tax increase resulting 
from the scheduled expiration of the 2001 and 2003 tax relief 
provisions, and also assumes more than 20 million new taxpayers 
would be ensnared by the AMT.\9\ These two premises yield a tax 
hike of roughly $1.2 trillion over 5 years, and $3.3 trillion 
over 10 years, and includes increases in marginal rates for all 
tax brackets, elimination of the 10-percent bracket, higher 
taxes on investments and children, among others. The resolution 
then retains some of the 2001/2003 tax provisions, and claims 
credit for tax ``cuts'' that are only the continuation of 
policies in place today. The budget still raises taxes by more 
than $1 trillion over 10 years, as explained below.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \9\The Majority will defend this assumption by claiming they merely 
applied the Congressional Budget Office [CBO] baseline. CBO projects 
tax revenue based on ``current law''--meaning tax provisions that are 
scheduled to lapse under existing law are assumed to lapse, however 
unrealistic that assumption might be. It is true that CBO exists to 
serve the Congress, and Congress relies on the agency's economic and 
budgetary estimates. But the baseline assumptions in the congressional 
budget are the prerogative of the House and Senate Budget Committees.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    It should be noted, however, the deficits in the committee-
reported budget do not take into account a number of policies 
likely to be enacted--such as an AMT patch, the Making Work Pay 
tax credit, and TARP funding. The effects of adding these 
policies are reflected in Table 2 below.
    Under the committee budget, debt held by the public would 
be 67 percent of gross domestic product [GDP]. CBO put the 
President's debt at 73 percent in 2014.

                         TABLE 8: REALISTIC DEFICITS UNDER THE COMMITTEE-REPORTED BUDGET
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014     2010-14
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AMT................................  .........  .........      -69.0      -30.6      -33.9      -37.3     -170.8
Making Work Pay Credit.............  .........  .........        -29        -42        -43        -43     -156.3
TARP...............................       -125       -125          0          0          0          0       -125
Debt Service.......................         --         -2         -6        -10        -17        -24        -59
                                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total..........................       -125       -127       -103        -83        -93       -104       -511
                                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
        More Realistic Deficits,        -1,819     -1,349     -1,031       -700       -679       -703    -4,462
         Reported Budget...........
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Committee on the Budget, Republican staff. Figures may not add due to rounding.

                             RECONCILIATION

    As a means of leveraging the passage of major legislative 
initiatives, and minimizing resistance, the budget employs the 
fast-track reconciliation process.
    The budget instructs the Ways and Means Committee, the 
Energy and Commerce Committee, and the Education and Labor 
Committee to report legislation by the end of September 
reducing the deficit by $1 billion each over 6 years. But the 
committees are bound by nothing other than the deficit 
reduction amount. So this provision allows them to report any 
legislation they choose; and it could then move swiftly through 
the Senate, because reconciliation is not subject to a 
filibuster. Thus this provision allows Congress to lock out the 
minority and pass sweeping changes proposed by the President on 
entirely partisan votes. These could include:
     Health Care Reform. This provision has the 
potential to redefine the relationship between the patients and 
their doctors, placing a government bureaucrat between them. 
With so much at stake, using reconciliation instructions to jam 
through monumental changes in health care--which constitutes 17 
percent of the Nation's economy--cheats the American people out 
of the debate they deserve.
     Cap and Trade. The President's budget proposes to 
begin capping carbon emissions beginning in 2012. This new 
policy would impose a $79 billion annual cost to the economy--
or $629 billion over 10 years--by making carbon-based energy 
more expensive. The increase in energy prices could force 
households to spend an extra $1,100 per year, on average.
     Student Loans. The President's budget also would 
effectively shut down the federally guaranteed private-sector 
lending for college costs, resulting in a complete government 
takeover of student loans.
    This is a clear abuse of reconciliation, which was always 
intended to provide for deficit reduction. As Senator Byrd has 
stated, using the reconciliation process ``to enact substantive 
policy changes is an undemocratic disservice to our people and 
to the Senate's institutional role.''
    Other senior Senators who have criticized the approach in 
the House budget include the following:
     Senator Conrad, Budget Committee Chairman, at a 
committee hearing on 12 February 2009: ``[Reconciliation] was 
never intended for the purposes to which it's been put . . . 
However meritorious, whether it's health care reform, whether 
it's global climate change legislation, I think we need as a 
body to think very, very carefully about do we want 
reconciliation to be used in a way to override the normal 
process and to allow without ability to filibuster a simple 
majority to pass sweeping legislation. . . . [T]here is no most 
single element of rules that goes more against minority rights 
than the reconciliation that I know of.''
     Senator Gregg, Budget Committee Ranking Member, 
quoted in the Associated Press on 23 March 2009: 
``[Reconciliation] would be the Chicago approach to governing: 
strong-arm it through. You're talking about the exact opposite 
of bipartisan. You're talking about running over the minority, 
putting them in cement, and throwing them in the Chicago 
River.''
     Senator Baucus, Finance Committee Chairman, quoted 
in Congressional Quarterly on 5 March 2009: ``Easy is not 
always best. It becomes partisan, and if it becomes partisan, 
even if you get a partisan solution, it tends not to be 
lasting. You can jam something down somebody's throat . . . but 
the point is, it's by far better to be inclusive than 
exclusive.''

                             RESERVE FUNDS

    Instead of funding promised initiatives, the budget 
contains 17 ``deficit-neutral'' reserve funds that pledge extra 
money for pet initiatives if offsets are included. Reserve 
funds provide a free pass for legislation that chases higher 
spending with higher taxes. They allow spending or tax 
provisions to be adopted if they are offset by spending 
reductions or--as is far more likely--tax increases. In most 
cases, the amount of additional spending and taxes anticipated 
is unspecified.
    Twelve of these reserve funds would allow unlimited 
additional taxes and spending. One provides for a tax cut bill 
that does not cut taxes. Another provides $285 billion in 
deficit spending. Three proclaim to extend ``current'' tax 
policy but in fact enshrine a huge tax increase on millions of 
families, on small businesses, and on family farms. The reserve 
funds--most of which are deficit-neutral over 5 years and 10 
years, unless indicated otherwise--are the following:
     Health Care Reform. The provision calls for 
``improvements to health care in America,'' deficit-neutral 
over 5 years and 10 years. No spending amount is identified.
     College Access, Affordability, and Completion. The 
fund, to be deficit-neutral over 5 years and 10 years, includes 
increasing the maximum Pell Grant by the consumer price index 
plus 1 percent. No spending amount is identified.
     Increasing Energy Independence. The language 
explicitly talks about ``reductions in greenhouse gas 
emissions'' and associated spending programs. It is deficit-
neutral over 5 years and 10 years; no spending amount is 
identified.
     Veterans and Servicemembers. Among other things, 
this fund calls for expanding concurrent receipt, but rules out 
the President's proposal for billing third-party insurers. No 
spending amount is identified.
     Tax Relief. The fund calls for deficit-neutral 
``tax relief'' for working families, businesses, States, or 
communities. No other details or amounts are specified.
     A 9/11 Health Program. No spending amount is 
identified.
     Child Nutrition. No spending amount is identified.
     Unemployment Insurance Reforms. No spending amount 
is identified.
     Child Support. No spending amount is identified.
     The Affordable Housing Trust Fund. No spending 
amount is identified.
     Home Visiting. The fund calls for a program for 
home visits to low-income families and mothers-to-be. No 
spending amount is identified.
     Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program 
[LIHEAP]. This provision calls for an unspecified increase in 
LIHEAP.
     Surface Transportation. The fund is intended to 
maintain solvency of the Highway Trust Fund, and requires any 
transfers into the trust fund to be fully offset.
     Medicare. This is a ``current policy'' reserve 
fund allowing an $87.29 billion spending increase over 5 years, 
and $284.97 billion over 10 years, for Medicare 
``improvements.'' No offsets are required.
     Middle Class Tax Relief. This is another ``current 
policy'' reserve fund for ``middle class tax relief,'' totaling 
$698.571 billion over 5 years, and $1,848.523 billion over 10 
years. The language identifies the 10-percent individual income 
tax bracket, marriage penalty relief, the $1,000 child credit, 
among others. No offsets are required.
     AMT. This also is a ``current policy'' reserve 
fund for one year of AMT relief, with a budget impact of $68.65 
billion over 5 years and 10 years. No offsets are required.
     Estate and Gift Tax. This section of the budget 
calls for a ``current policy'' reserve fund for the death tax, 
with a budget impact of $72.033 billion over 5 years, and 
$256.244 billion over 10 years. No offsets are required.

                         DISCRETIONARY SPENDING

    The pattern of nonemergency discretionary follows the 
President's 2010 budget: large increase in the budget year, 
followed by sharp outyear declines in spending growth.
    The base discretionary topline appears to be $1.099 
trillion in budget authority [BA], an increase of $86 billion 
(8.5 percent) over the 2009 scored level. The Appropriators' 
302(a) allocation can be adjusted for program integrity 
spending (on top of base $1.099 trillion), or increased $1.9 
billion in 2010 for LIHEAP. The additional spending is not 
otherwise accounted for in the resolution per usual.
    The fiscal year 2010 nondefense discretionary dollar 
increase over the 2009 scored level is $57 billion, 
approximately a 12-percent increase without cap adjustments.
    The budget assumes the President's base discretionary 
defense request in all years. It also assumes the President's 
overseas contingency funding, including $83 billion in fiscal 
year 2009; $130 billion in fiscal year 2010; and $50-billion 
placeholders for 2011-14. War spending is not treated as an 
``emergency,'' but it nevertheless ``shall not count for the 
purposes of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 or this 
resolution.'' The advance appropriations cap is the same as 
last year, $28.9 billion. An advance for the Corporation for 
Public Broadcasting is on top and uncapped.
    The budget includes ``policy'' statements on taxes and 
defense; and Sense of the House language on VA/military 
healthcare, homeland security, ``competitiveness,'' pay parity, 
and the Great Lakes.

                        TABLE 9: DISCRETIONARY SPENDING IN THE COMMITTEE-REPORTED BUDGET
                                            [In billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2009       2010       2011       2012       2013       2014     2010-14
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Defense............................      535.8      556.1      564.3      573.6      584.4      598.2    2,876.7
International......................       38.2       48.5       52.7       57.1       61.5       65.9      285.7
Other Nondefense Disc..............      448.1      494.5      512.2      525.2      536.9      551.3    2,620.2
Base Discretionary.................    1,022.1    1,099.1    1,129.3    1,155.9    1,182.8    1,215.5    5,782.6
2010 Cap Adjustments...............         --      3.308
Total Discretionary Base\a\........    1,036.6    1,102.4    1,129.3    1,155.9    1,182.8    1,215.5    5,785.9
War................................       82.6      130.0       50.0       50.0       50.0       50.0       50.0
Enacted............................      369.4         --         --         --         --         --         --
Topline............................    1,488.6    1,232.4    1,179.3    1,205.9    1,232.8    1,265.5   6,115.9
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\Includes allowances in Function 920.
Source: Committee on the Budget, Republican staff. Figures may not add due to rounding.

                             TAX INCREASES

    The budget repeats the President's folly of raising taxes 
in the midst of a recession. The tax hikes total $574 billion 
over 5 years and $1.154 trillion over 10 years (see Table 10 
below). The total is close to the President's tax increase of 
$1.5 trillion over 10 years, as reestimated by CBO. But the 
figures reflected in the budget do not include the all-but-
unlimited tax hikes that could come through the budget's 
reserve funds.

                             TABLE 10: TAX INCREASE IN THE COMMITTEE-REPORTED BUDGET
                                        [Revenue in billions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        2010       2011       2012       2013       2014     2010-14    2010-19
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CBO Current-Law Baseline\1\........      2,334      2,783      3,086      3,281      3,436     14,920     34,548
Committee Baseline\2\..............      2,328      2,628      2,916      3,127      3,310     14,308  \4\32,443
Current Tax Policy Baseline\3\.....      2,324      2,580      2,794      2,952      3,085     13,734     31,289
Tax Hike in Committee Budget\5\....          4         48        122        176        225        574     1,154
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Assumes 2001/03 tax relief provisions expire after 2010, and no alternative minimum tax [AMT] relief.
\2\Assumes only some 2001/03 provisions are extended, and a 1-year AMT patch.
\3\Assumes no new tax increases; extension of all 2001/03 tax provisions; and AMT patched for 10 years.
\4\Extrapolated 10-year revenues based on current policy reserve funds in Chairman's Mark.
\5\Does not capture tax increases that could be imposed under reconciliation or ``deficit-neutral'' reserve
  funds.
Source: Committee on the Budget, Republican staff.

                             PAY-AS-YOU-GO

    A new pay-as-you-go [pay-go] rule exempts the higher 
spending and lower revenues relative to the Budget Enforcement 
Act baseline in the ``current policy'' reserve funds, provided 
that the House passes a statutory pay-go bill. No Senate or 
Presidential action is required.

                               CONCLUSION

    In his preface to the twelfth edition of Democracy in 
America, Tocqueville urged his own countrymen to look to 
America as the model of a thriving democratic republic. His 
conclusion deserves to be quoted at length. It reads:

          . . . The republic there [in America] has not been 
        the assailant, but the guardian, of all vested rights; 
        the property of individuals has had better guarantees 
        there than in any other country in the world; anarchy 
        has there been as unknown as despotism.
          Where else could we find greater causes of hope, or 
        more instructive lessons? Let us look to America, not 
        in order to make a servile copy of the institutions 
        that she has established, but to gain a clearer view of 
        the polity that will be the best for us; let us look 
        there less to find examples than instruction; let us 
        borrow from her the principles, rather than the 
        details, of her laws. The laws of the French republic 
        may be, and ought to be in many cases, different from 
        those which govern the United States; but the 
        principles on which the American constitutions rest, 
        those principles of order, of the balance of powers, of 
        true liberty, of deep and sincere respect for right, 
        are indispensable to all republics; they ought to be 
        common to all; and it may be said beforehand that 
        wherever they are not found, the republic will soon 
        have ceased to exist.\10\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \10\Alexis-Charles-Henri Clerel de Tocqueville, Author's Preface to 
the Twelfth Edition, Democracy in America, 1848.

    Tocqueville's observations were prescient. In the 19th and 
20th centuries, America came into a league of its own in terms 
of rapid economic achievement, rising living standards, and 
international competitiveness. By the mid-20th century, America 
had become the powerhouse of the world's economies, the arsenal 
of democracy, and the Nation whose strength and sacrifice 
helped save western Europe, first from fascism and then from 
communism. Several factors contributed to America's pre-
eminence--principally a reliance on the individual and private 
markets (or what former British Prime Minister Thatcher 
insisted should be called ``the free sector''\11\)--which 
generated innovation and growth and laid the groundwork for 
increased prosperity.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \11\``It has been the fault of those of us who stand for free 
enterprise that for too long we have accepted without protest the 
terminology of our opponents. We even use it ourselves. In Parliament 
we find ourselves talking about the `private' sector of industry. We 
should insist on saying the `free' sector.'' Thatcher, ``Competitive 
enterprise or State bureaucracy,'' in The Guardian, 1 July 1975.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    How ironic it would be if America now abandoned its 
leadership in the world just to imitate the European model, and 
follow the Continent's discouraging economic decline.
    An alternative path is available. It is informed by a 
fundamentally different vision--one that flows from a 
confidence in Americans themselves. It recognizes that 
responsibility is not a slogan but a way of life, the twin of 
freedom. It promotes ownership and private property because 
America depends on--has always depended on--the strength and 
character of responsible individuals who value self-
sufficiency, personal accomplishment, and loyalty to their 
families and communities. This approach acknowledges the need 
for a sturdy safety net for those facing chronic or temporary 
problems; but it understands that the reliability of this 
safety net depends on a vibrant free enterprise sector to 
generate the resources for the government to use.
    House Republicans will present such a budget for 
consideration in the House. It builds on the initiative of 
individual Americans, exercised responsibly in a free economy 
and a democratic political system. Strengthening the role of 
the individual is the key to invigorating the society, and the 
economy, at large. The Republican budget also will keep alive 
the American legacy of leaving the next generation better off.
    At the same time, it upholds Americans' compassion toward 
those who are less well off. It will strengthen the safety net 
by making it sustainable for the long term--which cannot be 
done under current policies or the Obama/Democratic budget.
    In short, the Republican budget will keep faith with an 
essential point made by President Reagan in his first inaugural 
address: ``We are a Nation that has a government--not the other 
way around.''\12\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    \12\From President Reagan's First Inaugural Address, 20 January 
1981.

                                   Paul Ryan.
                                   Jeb Hensarling.
                                   Devin Nunes.
                                   Robert Latta.
                                   Mike Simpson.
                                   Mario Diaz-Balart.
                                   Jim Jordan.
                                   John Campbell.
                                   Patrick McHenry.
                                   Connie Mack.
                                   Cynthia Lummis.
                                   Robert Aderholt.
                                   Steve Austria.
           APPENDIX--THE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET

                              ----------                              


  Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate 
concurring),

SECTION 1. CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2010.

  (a) Declaration.--Congress declares that this resolution is 
the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010 
and that this resolution sets forth the appropriate budgetary 
levels for fiscal year 2009 and for fiscal years 2011 through 
2014.
  (b) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.

                 TITLE I--RECOMMENDED LEVELS AND AMOUNTS

Sec. 101. Recommended levels and amounts.
Sec. 102. Major functional categories.

                        TITLE II--RECONCILIATION

Sec. 201. Reconciliation in the House.
Sec. 202. Reconciliation in the Senate.

                        TITLE III--RESERVE FUNDS

Sec. 301. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for health care reform.
Sec. 302. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for college access, 
          affordability, and completion.
Sec. 303. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for increasing energy 
          independence.
Sec. 304. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for America's veterans and 
          servicemembers.
Sec. 305. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for certain tax relief.
Sec. 306. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for a 9/11 health program.
Sec. 307. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for child nutrition.
Sec. 308. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for structural unemployment 
          insurance reforms.
Sec. 309. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for child support.
Sec. 310. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for the Affordable Housing Trust 
          Fund.
Sec. 311. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for home visiting.
Sec. 312. Deficit-neutral reserve fund for Low-Income Home Energy 
          Assistance Program trigger.
Sec. 313. Reserve fund for the Surface Transportation Reauthorization.
Sec. 314. Current policy reserve fund for Medicare improvements.
Sec. 315. Current policy reserve fund for middle class tax relief.
Sec. 316. Current policy reserve fund for reform of the alternative 
          minimum tax (AMT).
Sec. 317. Current policy reserve fund for reform of the Estate and Gift 
          Tax.

                      TITLE IV--BUDGET ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 401. Adjustments for direct spending and revenues.
Sec. 402. Adjustments to discretionary spending limits.
Sec. 403. Point of order against advance appropriations.
Sec. 404. Oversight of Government performance.
Sec. 405. Budgetary treatment of certain discretionary administrative 
          expenses.
Sec. 406. Application and effect of changes in allocations and 
          aggregates.
Sec. 407. Adjustments to reflect changes in concepts and definitions.
Sec. 408. Exercise of rulemaking powers.

                             TITLE V--POLICY

Sec. 501. Policy on middle-class tax relief and revenues.
Sec. 502. Policy on defense priorities.

                      TITLE VI--SENSE OF THE HOUSE

Sec. 601. Sense of the House on veterans' and servicemembers' health 
          care.
Sec. 602. Sense of the House on homeland security.
Sec. 603. Sense of the House on promoting American innovation and 
          economic competitiveness.
Sec. 604. Sense of the House regarding pay parity.
Sec. 605. Sense of the House on college affordability.
Sec. 606. Sense of the House on Great Lakes restoration.
Sec. 607. Sense of the House regarding the importance of child support 
          enforcement.

                TITLE I--RECOMMENDED LEVELS AND AMOUNTS


SEC. 101. RECOMMENDED LEVELS AND AMOUNTS.

  The following budgetary levels are appropriate for each of 
fiscal years 2009 through 2014:
          (1) Federal revenues.--For purposes of the 
        enforcement of this resolution:
                  (A) The recommended levels of Federal 
                revenues are as follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $1,532,571,000,000
          Fiscal year 2010: $1,659,525,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: $1,933,072,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: $2,190,099,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: $2,361,429,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: $2,507,846,000,000.
                  (B) The amounts by which the aggregate levels 
                of Federal revenues should be changed are as 
                follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $0.
          Fiscal year 2010: -$6,461,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: -$155,559,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: -$170,294,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: -$153,908,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: -$125,832,000,000.
          (2) New budget authority.--For purposes of the 
        enforcement of this resolution, the appropriate levels 
        of total new budget authority are as follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $3,675,133,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2010: $2,892,061,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: $2,866,329,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: $2,913,316,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: $3,095,704,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: $3,286,135,000,000.
          (3) Budget outlays.--For purposes of the enforcement 
        of this resolution, the appropriate levels of total 
        budget outlays are as follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $3,357,255,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2010: $2,996,234,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: $2,981,872,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: $2,939,612,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: $3,093,577,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: $3,261,525,000,000.
          (4) Deficits (on-budget).--For purposes of the 
        enforcement of this resolution, the amounts of the 
        deficits (on-budget) are as follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $1,824,684,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2010: $1,336,709,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: $1,048,800,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: $749,513,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: $732,148,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: $753,679,000,000.
          (5) Debt subject to limit.--Pursuant to section 
        301(a)(5) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
        appropriate levels of the public debt are as follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $12,017,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2010: $13,223,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: $14,350,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: $15,276,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: $16,162,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: $17,100,000,000,000.
          (6) Debt held by the public.--The appropriate levels 
        of debt held by the public are as follows:
          Fiscal year 2009: $7,730,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2010: $8,768,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2011: $9,684,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2012: $10,344,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2013: $10,934,000,000,000.
          Fiscal year 2014: $11,577,000,000,000.

SEC. 102. MAJOR FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES.

  The Congress determines and declares that the appropriate 
levels of new budget authority and outlays for fiscal years 
2009 through 2014 for each major functional category are:
          (1) National Defense (050):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $618,057,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $646,810,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $562,033,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $606,043,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $570,107,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $587,945,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $579,135,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $576,023,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $589,895,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $584,670,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $603,828,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $595,476,000,000.
          (2) International Affairs (150):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $40,885,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $37,797,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $45,320,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $43,461,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $49,146,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $48,642,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $53,742,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $52,123,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $59,160,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $55,773,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $64,388,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $59,292,000,000.
          (3) General Science, Space, and Technology (250):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $35,389,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $30,973,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $31,139,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $32,467,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $31,493,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $32,407,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $33,373,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $32,465,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $34,419,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $33,614,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $35,686,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $34,835,000,000.
          (4) Energy (270):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $43,919,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $2,952,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $5,489,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $7,267,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $5,539,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $11,322,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $5,732,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $13,400,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,098,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $12,133,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,227,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $10,512,000,000.
          (5) Natural Resources and Environment (300):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $56,009,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $36,834,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $37,387,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $40,450,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $38,600,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $40,237,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $39,249,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $40,058,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $39,348,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $39,754,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $40,017,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $39,957,000,000.
          (6) Agriculture (350):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $24,974,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,070,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,690,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,951,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $24,691,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,998,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $21,644,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $17,540,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $22,497,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $22,063,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,182,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $22,150,000,000.
          (7) Commerce and Housing Credit (370):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $694,439,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $665,437,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $60,933,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $85,638,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $26,181,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $37,954,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $9,561,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $8,645,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $17,247,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $5,585,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $11,226,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$2,500,000,000.
          (8) Transportation (400):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $122,457,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $87,784,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $88,151,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $95,695,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $89,071,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $96,474,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $90,047,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $95,851,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $90,866,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $96,150,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $91,809,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $96,793,000,000.
          (9) Community and Regional Development (450):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,811,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $29,983,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $18,308,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $29,303,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $21,232,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $27,530,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $21,311,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $25,722,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $21,202,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $24,155,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $21,270,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $22,752,000,000.
          (10) Education, Training, Employment, and Social 
        Services (500):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $164,276,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $73,219,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $93,689,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $140,300,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $107,858,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $141,108,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $117,121,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $118,391,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $115,931,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $118,888,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $125,788,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $120,959,000,000.
          (11) Health (550):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $380,158,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $354,397,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $383,911,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $388,746,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $364,910,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $367,628,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $369,852,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $368,556,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $389,719,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $384,359,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $400,451,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $400,173,000,000.
          (12) Medicare (570):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $427,076,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $426,736,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $449,653,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $449,784,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $505,171,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $504,962,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $513,824,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $513,591,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $558,235,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $558,381,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $616,315,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $616,150,000,000.
          (13) Income Security (600):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $520,123,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $503,020,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $536,169,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $539,918,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $510,575,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $513,410,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $478,039,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $478,323,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $483,386,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $482,745,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $485,396,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $483,758,000,000.
          (14) Social Security (650):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $31,820,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $31,264,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $20,255,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $20,378,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,380,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,513,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $26,478,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $26,628,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $29,529,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $29,679,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $32,728,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $32,728,000,000.
          (15) Veterans Benefits and Services (700):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $97,705,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $94,831,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $106,365,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $105,468,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $112,842,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $112,386,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $108,702,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $108,103,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $113,803,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $113,151,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $116,021,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $115,480,000,000.
          (16) Administration of Justice (750):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $55,783,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $49,853,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $52,857,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $51,630,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $53,892,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $55,503,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $53,738,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $55,441,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $53,569,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $54,526,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $54,247,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $54,058,000,000.
          (17) General Government (800):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $30,405,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $24,629,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $21,979,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $22,757,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $22,316,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,147,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $22,737,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,795,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $22,750,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,492,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $23,415,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $23,629,000,000.
          (18) Net Interest (900):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $288,955,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $288,955,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $284,085,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $284,085,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $323,266,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $323,266,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $387,483,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $387,483,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $470,452,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $470,452,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $560,137,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $560,137,000,000.
          (19) Allowances (920):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $14,450,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $1,788,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $9,422,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $4,893,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $8,052,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $5,903,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $6,518,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $4,750,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $5,543,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $4,122,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $3,865,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $2,962,000,000.
          (20) Undistributed Offsetting Receipts (950):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$78,206,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$78,206,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$68,774,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$68,774,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$71,993,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$71,993,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$74,970,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$74,970,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$77,945,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$77,945,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        -$79,861,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, -$79,861,000,000.
          (21) Overseas Deployments and Other Activities (970):
                  Fiscal year 2009:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $82,648,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $25,129,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2010:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $130,000,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $92,774,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2011:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $50,000,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $76,530,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2012:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $50,000,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $67,694,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2013:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $50,000,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $57,830,000,000.
                  Fiscal year 2014:
                          (A) New budget authority, 
                        $50,000,000,000.
                          (B) Outlays, $52,085,000,000.

                        TITLE II--RECONCILIATION


SEC. 201. RECONCILIATION IN THE HOUSE.

  (a) Health Care Reform.--
          (1) Not later than September 29, 2009, the House 
        Committee on Energy and Commerce shall report changes 
        in laws to reduce the deficit by $1,000,000,000 for the 
        period of fiscal years 2009 through 2014.
          (2) Not later than September 29, 2009, the House 
        Committee on Ways and Means shall report changes in 
        laws to reduce the deficit by $1,000,000,000 for the 
        period of fiscal years 2009 through 2014.
  (b) Investing in Education.--Not later than September 30, 
2009, the House Committee on Education and Labor shall report 
changes in laws to reduce the deficit by $1,000,000,000 for the 
period of fiscal years 2009 through 2014.
  (c) Single Engrossment.--The House may direct the Clerk to 
add at the end of a bill addressed by this section the text of 
another measure addressed by this section as passed by the 
House to form a single engrossed reconciliation bill within the 
meaning of section 310 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

SEC. 202. RECONCILIATION IN THE SENATE.

  (Senate reconciliation instructions to be supplied by the 
Senate.)

                        TITLE III--RESERVE FUNDS


SEC. 301. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR HEALTH CARE REFORM.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that makes improvements to health care in 
America, which may include making affordable health coverage 
available for all, improving the quality of health care, 
reducing rising health care costs, building on and 
strengthening existing public and private insurance coverage, 
including employer-sponsored coverage, and preserving choice of 
provider and plan by the amounts provided in such measure if 
such measure would not increase the deficit or decrease the 
surplus for either time period provided in clause 10 of rule 
XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 302. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR COLLEGE ACCESS, 
                    AFFORDABILITY, AND COMPLETION.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that makes college more affordable or 
accessible or that increases college enrollment and completion 
through reforms to the Higher Education Act of 1965 or other 
legislation, including increasing the maximum Pell grant award 
annually by an amount equal to one percentage point more than 
the Consumer Price Index, by the amounts provided in such 
measure if such measure would not increase the deficit or 
decrease the surplus for either time period provided in clause 
10 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 303. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR INCREASING ENERGY 
                    INDEPENDENCE.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that--
          (1) provides tax incentives for or otherwise 
        encourages the production of renewable energy or 
        increased energy efficiency;
          (2) encourages investment in emerging energy or 
        vehicle technologies or carbon capture and 
        sequestration;
          (3) limits and provides for reductions in greenhouse 
        gas emissions;
          (4) assists businesses, industries, States, 
        communities, the environment, workers, or households as 
        the United States moves toward reducing and offsetting 
        the impacts of greenhouse gas emissions; or
          (5) facilitates the training of workers for these 
        industries (``green collar jobs'');
by the amounts provided in such measure if such measure would 
not increase the deficit or decrease the surplus for either 
time period provided in clause 10 of rule XXI of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives.

SEC. 304. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR AMERICA'S VETERANS AND 
                    SERVICEMEMBERS.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that--
          (1) enhances health care for military personnel or 
        veterans;
          (2) maintains the affordability of health care for 
        military retirees or veterans;
          (3) improves disability benefits or evaluations for 
        wounded or disabled military personnel or veterans, 
        including measures to expedite the claims process;
          (4) expands eligibility to permit additional disabled 
        military retirees to receive both disability 
        compensation and retired pay (concurrent receipt); or
          (5) eliminates the offset between Survivor Benefit 
        Plan annuities and veterans' dependency and indemnity 
        compensation; and
does not authorize the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to 
bill private insurance companies for treatment of health 
conditions that are related to veterans' military service, by 
the amounts provided in such measure if such measure would not 
increase the deficit or decrease the surplus for either time 
period provided in clause 10 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives.

SEC. 305. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR CERTAIN TAX RELIEF.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that provides for tax relief that supports 
working families, businesses, States, or communities, by the 
amounts provided in such measure if such measure would not 
increase the deficit or decrease the surplus for either time 
period provided in clause 10 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives.

SEC. 306. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR A 9/11 HEALTH PROGRAM.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that would establish a program, including 
medical monitoring and treatment, addressing the adverse health 
impacts linked to the September 11, 2001, attacks by the 
amounts provided in such measure if such measure would not 
increase the deficit or decrease the surplus for either time 
period provided in clause 10 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives.

SEC. 307. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR CHILD NUTRITION.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that reauthorizes, expands, or improves child 
nutrition programs by the amounts provided in such measure if 
such measure would not increase the deficit or decrease the 
surplus for either time period provided in clause 10 of rule 
XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 308. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR STRUCTURAL UNEMPLOYMENT 
                    INSURANCE REFORMS.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that makes structural reforms to make the 
unemployment insurance system respond better to serious 
economic downturns by the amounts provided in such measure if 
such measure would not increase the deficit or decrease the 
surplus for either time period provided in clause 10 of rule 
XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 309. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR CHILD SUPPORT.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that increases parental support for children, 
particularly from non-custodial parents, including legislation 
that results in a greater share of collected child support 
reaching the child, by the amounts provided in such measure if 
such measure would not increase the deficit or decrease the 
surplus for either time period provided in clause 10 of rule 
XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 310. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR THE AFFORDABLE HOUSING TRUST 
                    FUND.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that capitalizes the existing Affordable 
Housing Trust Fund by the amounts provided in such measure if 
such measure would not increase the deficit or decrease the 
surplus for either time period provided in clause 10 of rule 
XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 311. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR HOME VISITING.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that provides funds to states for a program 
or programs of home visits to low-income mothers-to-be and low-
income families which will produce sizeable, sustained 
improvements in the health and well-being of children and their 
parents, by the amounts provided in such measure if such 
measure would not increase the deficit or decrease the surplus 
for either time period provided in clause 10 of rule XXI of the 
Rules of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 312. DEFICIT-NEUTRAL RESERVE FUND FOR LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY 
                    ASSISTANCE PROGRAM TRIGGER.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that makes the Low-Income Home Energy 
Assistance Program more responsive to energy price increases by 
the amounts provided in such measure if such measure would not 
increase the deficit or decrease the surplus for either time 
period provided in clause 10 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives.

SEC. 313. RESERVE FUND FOR THE SURFACE TRANSPORTATION REAUTHORIZATION.

  The chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate levels in this 
resolution for any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
conference report that reauthorizes surface transportation 
programs or that authorizes other transportation-related 
spending by providing new contract authority by the amounts 
provided in such measure if such measure establishes or 
maintains a solvent Highway Trust Fund over the period of 
fiscal years 2009 through 2015. ``Solvency'' is defined as a 
positive cash balance. Such measure may include a transfer into 
the Highway Trust Fund from other Federal funds, as long as the 
transfer of Federal funds is fully offset.

SEC. 314. CURRENT POLICY RESERVE FUND FOR MEDICARE IMPROVEMENTS.

  (a) Procedure.--The chairman of the Committee on the Budget 
may revise the allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate 
levels in this resolution for any bill, joint resolution, 
amendment, or conference report that would increase outlays by 
an amount not to exceed $87,290,000,000 in fiscal years 2010 
through 2014 and, for the purposes of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, by an amount not to exceed $284,970,000,000 in 
fiscal years 2010 through 2019 by reforming the Medicare 
payment system for physicians to--
          (1) change incentives to encourage efficiency and 
        higher quality care in a way that supports fiscal 
        sustainability;
          (2) improve payment accuracy to encourage efficient 
        use of resources and ensure that primary care receives 
        appropriate compensation;
          (3) improve coordination of care among all providers 
        serving a patient in all appropriate settings; or
          (4) hold providers accountable for their utilization 
        patterns and quality of care.
  (b) Applicability.--For the purposes of section 401(a) of 
this resolution, the revisions made pursuant to this section 
shall apply only to a measure that includes the policies and 
the amounts described in this section.

SEC. 315. CURRENT POLICY RESERVE FUND FOR MIDDLE CLASS TAX RELIEF.

  (a) Procedure.--The chairman of the Committee on the Budget 
may revise the allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate 
levels in this resolution for any bill, joint resolution, 
amendment, or conference report that would decrease revenues 
(or increase outlays, as appropriate) by an amount not to 
exceed $698,571,000,000 in fiscal years 2010 through 2014 and, 
for the purposes of the Rules of the House of Representatives, 
by an amount not to exceed $1,848,523,000,000 in fiscal years 
2010 through 2019, by extending certain provisions of the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for middle class tax relief, 
including the--
          (1) 10 percent individual income tax bracket;
          (2) marriage penalty relief;
          (3) child credit at $1,000 and partial refundability 
        of the credit;
          (4) education incentives;
          (5) other incentives for middle class families and 
        children;
          (6) other reductions to individual income tax 
        brackets; and
          (7) small business tax relief.
  (b) Applicability.--For the purposes of section 401(a) of 
this resolution, the adjustments made pursuant to this section 
shall apply only to a measure that includes the policies and 
the amounts described in this section.

SEC. 316. CURRENT POLICY RESERVE FUND FOR REFORM OF THE ALTERNATIVE 
                    MINIMUM TAX (AMT).

  (a) Procedure.--The chairman of the Committee on the Budget 
may revise the allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate 
levels in this resolution for any bill, joint resolution, 
amendment, or conference report that would decrease revenues by 
an amount not to exceed $68,650,000,000 in fiscal years 2010 
through 2014 and fiscal years 2010 through 2019 by reforming 
the AMT so that tens of millions of working families will not 
become subject to it.
  (b) Applicability.--For the purposes of section 401(a) of 
this resolution, the adjustments made pursuant to this section 
shall apply only to a measure that includes the policies and 
the amounts described in this section.

SEC. 317. CURRENT POLICY RESERVE FUND FOR REFORM OF THE ESTATE AND GIFT 
                    TAX.

  (a) Procedure.--The chairman of the Committee on the Budget 
may revise the allocations, aggregates, and other appropriate 
levels in this resolution for any bill, joint resolution, 
amendment, or conference report that would decrease revenues by 
an amount not to exceed $72,033,000,000 in fiscal years 2010 
through 2014 and, for the purposes of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives, by an amount not to exceed $256,244,000,000 in 
fiscal years 2010 through 2019 by reforming the Estate and Gift 
Tax so that only a minute fraction of estates owe tax, by 
extending the law as in effect in 2009 for the Estate and Gift 
Tax.
  (b) Applicability.--For the purposes of section 401(a) of 
this resolution, the adjustments made pursuant to this section 
shall apply only to a measure that includes the policies and 
the amounts described in this section.

                      TITLE IV--BUDGET ENFORCEMENT


SEC. 401. ADJUSTMENTS FOR DIRECT SPENDING AND REVENUES.

  (a) Adjustments to Maintain Current Policy.--
          (1) Subject to the condition specified in paragraph 
        (3), when the chairman of the Committee on the Budget 
        evaluates the budgetary effects of a provision in any 
        bill, joint resolution, amendment, or conference report 
        for the purposes of the Congressional Budget Act of 
        1974, this resolution, or the Rules of the House of 
        Representatives relative to baseline estimates that are 
        consistent with section 257 of the Balanced Budget and 
        Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, he shall exclude 
        from his evaluation the budgetary effects of such 
        provision if such effects would have been reflected in 
        a baseline adjusted to maintain current policy.
          (2) Paragraph (1) applies only to a provision with 
        respect to which the chairman of the Committee on the 
        Budget has exercised his authority to make budgetary 
        adjustments under sections 314, 315, 316, and 317 of 
        this resolution.
          (3) Paragraph (1) shall apply only if the House of 
        Representatives has previously passed a bill to impose 
        statutory pay-as-you-go requirements, or the measure 
        containing the provision being evaluated by the 
        chairman of the Committee on the Budget imposes such 
        requirements, and only if such bill is designated as 
        providing statutory pay-as-you-go-requirements under 
        this subsection.
  (b) Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).--
Prior to consideration of a bill, joint resolution, amendment, 
or conference report making appropriations for fiscal year 2010 
that appropriates $3,200,000,000 in funding for the Low-Income 
Home Energy Assistance program and provides additional 
appropriations of up to $1,900,000,000 for that program, then 
the chairman of the Committee on the Budget may revise the 
budgetary treatment of such additional amounts and allocate 
such additional budget authority and outlays resulting from 
that budget authority to the Committee on Appropriations.
  (c) Deposit Insurance.--When the chairman of the Budget 
Committee evaluates the budgetary effects of a provision of a 
bill, joint resolution, amendment, or conference report for the 
purposes of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, this 
resolution, or the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
chairman shall exclude the budgetary effects of any provision 
that affects the full funding of the deposit insurance 
guarantee commitment in effect on the date of enactment of 
Public Law 110-343, the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 
2008.

SEC. 402. ADJUSTMENTS TO DISCRETIONARY SPENDING LIMITS.

  (a) Program Integrity Initiatives.--
          (1) Social security administration program integrity 
        initiatives.--
                  (A) In general.--Prior to consideration of 
                any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or 
                conference report making appropriations for 
                fiscal year 2010 that appropriates $273,000,000 
                for continuing disability reviews and 
                Supplemental Security Income redeterminations 
                for the Social Security Administration and 
                (except as provided in subparagraph (B)) 
                provides an additional appropriation of up to 
                $485,000,000, and that amount is designated for 
                continuing disability reviews and Supplemental 
                Security Income redeterminations for the Social 
                Security Administration, the allocation to the 
                Committee on Appropriations shall be increased 
                by the amount of the additional budget 
                authority and outlays resulting from that 
                budget authority for fiscal year 2010.
                  (B) Asset verification.--The additional 
                appropriation of $485,000,000 may also provide 
                that a portion of that amount, not to exceed 
                $34,000,000, instead may be used for asset 
                verification for Supplemental Security Income 
                recipients, but only if and to the extent that 
                the Office of the Chief Actuary estimates that 
                the initiative would be at least as cost 
                effective as the redeterminations of 
                eligibility described in subparagraph (A).
          (2) Internal revenue service tax compliance.--Prior 
        to consideration of any bill, joint resolution, 
        amendment, or conference report making appropriations 
        for fiscal year 2010 that appropriates $5,117,000,000 
        to the Internal Revenue Service for Enforcement and 
        provides an additional appropriation of up to 
        $387,000,000 for Enforcement to address the Federal tax 
        gap, and provides that such sums as may be necessary 
        shall be available from the Operations Support account 
        in the Internal Revenue Service to fully support these 
        Enforcement activities, the allocation to the Committee 
        on Appropriations shall be increased by the amount of 
        the additional budget authority and outlays resulting 
        from that budget authority for fiscal year 2010.
          (3) Health care fraud and abuse control program.--
        Prior to consideration of any bill, joint resolution, 
        amendment, or conference report making appropriations 
        for fiscal year 2010 that appropriates up to 
        $311,000,000, and the amount is designated to the 
        health care fraud and abuse control program at the 
        Department of Health and Human Services, the allocation 
        to the Committee on Appropriations shall be increased 
        by the amount of additional budget authority and 
        outlays resulting from that budget authority for fiscal 
        year 2010.
          (4) Unemployment insurance program integrity 
        activities.--Prior to consideration of any bill, joint 
        resolution, amendment, or conference report making 
        appropriations for fiscal year 2010 that appropriates 
        $10,000,000 for in-person reemployment and eligibility 
        assessments and unemployment insurance improper payment 
        reviews for the Department of Labor and provides an 
        additional appropriation of up to $50,000,000, and the 
        amount is designated for in-person reemployment and 
        eligibility assessments and unemployment insurance 
        improper payment reviews for the Department of Labor, 
        the allocation to the Committee on Appropriations shall 
        be increased by the amount of additional budget 
        authority and outlays resulting from that budget 
        authority for fiscal year 2010.
          (5) Partnership fund for program integrity 
        innovation.--Prior to consideration of any bill, joint 
        resolution, amendment, or conference report that 
        provides discretionary budget authority for a 
        Partnership Fund for Program Integrity Innovation in 
        the Office of Management and Budget in an amount not to 
        exceed $175,000,000 for fiscal year 2010 and that 
        designates the amount for the Partnership Fund for 
        Program Integrity Innovation in the Office of 
        Management and Budget, the allocation to the Committee 
        on Appropriations shall be increased by the amount of 
        the additional budget authority and outlays resulting 
        from that budget authority for fiscal year 2010.
          (6) Procedure for adjustments.--Prior to 
        consideration of any bill, joint resolution, amendment, 
        or conference report, the chairman of the Committee on 
        the Budget shall make the adjustments set forth in this 
        subsection for the incremental new budget authority in 
        that measure and the outlays resulting from that budget 
        authority if that measure meets the requirements set 
        forth in this subsection.
  (b) Costs of Overseas Deployments and Emergency Needs.--
          (1) Overseas deployments and related activities.--If 
        any bill, joint resolution, amendment, or conference 
        report makes appropriations for fiscal year 2009 or 
        fiscal year 2010 for overseas deployments and related 
        activities and such amounts are so designated pursuant 
        to this subparagraph, then new budget authority, 
        outlays, or receipts resulting therefrom shall not 
        count for the purposes of the Congressional Budget Act 
        of 1974 or this resolution.
          (2) Emergency needs.--If any bill, joint resolution, 
        amendment, or conference report makes appropriations 
        for discretionary amounts and such amounts are 
        designated as necessary to meet emergency needs, then 
        new budget authority and outlays resulting therefrom 
        shall not count for the purposes of the Congressional 
        Budget Act of 1974 or this resolution.

SEC. 403. POINT OF ORDER AGAINST ADVANCE APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), any 
bill, joint resolution, amendment, or conference report making 
a general appropriation or continuing appropriation may not 
provide for advance appropriations.
  (b) Exceptions.--An advance appropriation may be provided for 
fiscal year 2011 for programs, projects, activities, or 
accounts identified in the report to accompany this resolution 
or the joint explanatory statement of managers to accompany 
this resolution under the heading ``Accounts Identified for 
Advance Appropriations'' in an aggregate amount not to exceed 
$28,852,000,000 in new budget authority, and for 2012, accounts 
separately identified under the same heading.
  (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``advance 
appropriation'' means any new discretionary budget authority 
provided in a bill or joint resolution making general 
appropriations or any new discretionary budget authority 
provided in a bill or joint resolution making continuing 
appropriations for fiscal year 2010 that first becomes 
available for any fiscal year after 2010.

SEC. 404. OVERSIGHT OF GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE.

  All committees are encouraged to conduct rigorous oversight 
hearings to root out waste, fraud, and abuse in all aspects of 
Federal spending and Government operations, giving particular 
scrutiny to issues raised by the Federal Office of the 
Inspector General or the Comptroller General of the United 
States. Based upon these oversight efforts, the committees are 
encouraged to make recommendations to reduce wasteful Federal 
spending to promote deficit reduction and long-term fiscal 
responsibility. Such recommendations should be submitted to the 
Committee on the Budget in the views and estimates reports 
prepared by committees as required under 301(d) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

SEC. 405. BUDGETARY TREATMENT OF CERTAIN DISCRETIONARY ADMINISTRATIVE 
                    EXPENSES.

  (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 302(a)(1) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, section 13301 of the Budget 
Enforcement Act of 1990, and section 4001 of the Omnibus Budget 
Reconciliation Act of 1989, the joint explanatory statement 
accompanying the conference report on any concurrent resolution 
on the budget shall include in its allocation under section 
302(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to the Committee 
on Appropriations amounts for the discretionary administrative 
expenses of the Social Security Administration and of the 
Postal Service.
  (b) Special Rule.--For purposes of applying section 302(f) of 
the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, estimates of the level of 
total new budget authority and total outlays provided by a 
measure shall include any off-budget discretionary amounts.

SEC. 406. APPLICATION AND EFFECT OF CHANGES IN ALLOCATIONS AND 
                    AGGREGATES.

  (a) Application.--Any adjustments of allocations and 
aggregates made pursuant to this resolution shall--
          (1) apply while that measure is under consideration;
          (2) take effect upon the enactment of that measure; 
        and
          (3) be published in the Congressional Record as soon 
        as practicable.
  (b) Effect of Changed Allocations and Aggregates.--Revised 
allocations and aggregates resulting from these adjustments 
shall be considered for the purposes of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974 as allocations and aggregates included in 
this resolution.
  (c) Budget Committee Determinations.--For purposes of this 
resolution, the levels of new budget authority, outlays, direct 
spending, new entitlement authority, revenues, deficits, and 
surpluses for a fiscal year or period of fiscal years shall be 
determined on the basis of estimates made by the Committee on 
the Budget.
  (d) Adjustments.--The chairman of the Committee on the Budget 
may adjust the aggregates, allocations, and other levels in 
this resolution for legislation which has received final 
Congressional approval in the same form by the House of 
Representatives and the Senate, but has yet to be presented to 
or signed by the President at the time of final consideration 
of this resolution.

SEC. 407. ADJUSTMENTS TO REFLECT CHANGES IN CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS.

  Upon the enactment of any bill or joint resolution providing 
for a change in budgetary concepts or definitions, the chairman 
of the Committee on the Budget shall adjust any appropriate 
levels and allocations in this resolution accordingly.

SEC. 408. EXERCISE OF RULEMAKING POWERS.

  The House adopts the provisions of this title--
          (1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the 
        House of Representatives and as such they shall be 
        considered as part of the rules of the House, and these 
        rules shall supersede other rules only to the extent 
        that they are inconsistent with other such rules; and
          (2) with full recognition of the constitutional right 
        of the House of Representatives to change those rules 
        at any time, in the same manner, and to the same extent 
        as in the case of any other rule of the House of 
        Representatives.

                            TITLE V--POLICY


SEC. 501. POLICY ON MIDDLE-CLASS TAX RELIEF AND REVENUES.

  It is the policy of this resolution to minimize fiscal 
burdens on working families and their children and 
grandchildren. It is the policy of this resolution to extend 
the following tax relief consistent with current policy--
          (1) relief for the tens of millions of middle-income 
        households who would otherwise be subject to the 
        Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) under current law;
          (2) middle-class tax relief; and
          (3) elimination of estate taxes on all but a minute 
        fraction of estates by reforming and substantially 
        increasing the unified tax credit.
In total, this resolution supports the extension of 
$1,700,000,000,000 in tax relief to individuals and families 
relative to current law. This resolution supports additional, 
deficit-neutral tax relief, including the extension of AMT 
relief, the research and experimentation tax credit, the 
deduction for State and local sales taxes, the enactment of a 
tax credit for school construction bonds, and other tax relief 
for working families. The cost of enacting such policies may be 
offset by reforms within the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that 
produce higher rates of tax compliance to close the ``tax gap'' 
and reduce taxpayer burdens through tax simplification. The 
President's budget proposes a variety of other revenue offsets. 
Unless expressly provided, this resolution does not assume any 
of the specific revenue offset proposals provided for in the 
President's budget. Decisions about specific revenue offsets 
are made by the Ways and Means Committee, which is the tax-
writing committee.

SEC. 502. POLICY ON DEFENSE PRIORITIES.

  It is the policy of this resolution that--
          (1) there is no higher priority than the defense of 
        our Nation, and therefore the Administration and 
        Congress will make the necessary investments and 
        reforms to strengthen our military so that it can 
        successfully meet the threats of the 21st century;
          (2) acquisition reform is needed at the Department of 
        Defense to end excessive cost growth in the development 
        of new weapons systems and to ensure that weapons 
        systems are delivered on time and in adequate 
        quantities to equip our servicemen and servicewomen;
          (3) the Department of Defense should review defense 
        plans to ensure that weapons developed to counter Cold 
        War-era threats are not redundant and are applicable to 
        21st century threats;
          (4) sufficient resources should be provided for the 
        Department of Defense to aggressively address the 758 
        unimplemented recommendations made by the Government 
        Accountability Office (GAO) since 2001 to improve 
        practices at the Department of Defense, which could 
        save billions of dollars that could be applied to 
        priorities identified in this section;
          (5) the Department of Defense should review the role 
        that contractors play in its operations, including the 
        degree to which contractors are performing inherently 
        governmental functions, to ensure it has the most 
        effective mix of government and contracted personnel;
          (6) the Department of Defense report to Congress on 
        its assessment of Cold War-era weaponry, its progress 
        on implementing GAO recommendations, and its review of 
        contractors at the Department as outlined in paragraphs 
        (3), (4), and (5) by a date to be determined by the 
        appropriate committees;
          (7) the GAO provide a report to the appropriate 
        congressional committees by December 31, 2009, on the 
        Department of Defense's progress in implementing its 
        audit recommendations;
          (8) ballistic missile defense technologies that are 
        not proven to work through adequate testing and that 
        are not operationally viable should not be deployed, 
        and that no funding should be provided for the research 
        or development of space-based interceptors;
          (9) cooperative threat reduction and other 
        nonproliferation programs (securing ``loose nukes'' and 
        other materials used in weapons of mass destruction), 
        which were highlighted as high priorities by the 9/11 
        Commission, need to be funded at a level that is 
        commensurate with the evolving threat;
          (10) readiness of our troops, particularly the 
        National Guard and Reserves, is a high priority, and 
        that continued emphasis is needed to ensure adequate 
        equipment and training;
          (11) improving military health care services and 
        ensuring quality health care for returning combat 
        veterans is a high priority;
          (12) military pay and benefits should be enhanced to 
        improve the quality of life for military personnel and 
        their families;
          (13) the Department of Defense should make every 
        effort to investigate the national security benefits of 
        energy independence, including those that may be 
        associated with alternative energy sources and energy 
        efficiency conversions;
          (14) the Administration's budget requests should 
        continue to comply with section 1008, Public Law 109-
        364, the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2007, and that to the extent 
        practicable overseas military operations should no 
        longer be funded through emergency supplemental 
        appropriations; and
          (15) when assessing security threats and reviewing 
        the programs and funding needed to counter these 
        threats, the Administration should do so in a 
        comprehensive manner that includes all agencies 
        involved in our national security.

                      TITLE VI--SENSE OF THE HOUSE


SEC. 601. SENSE OF THE HOUSE ON VETERANS' AND SERVICEMEMBERS' HEALTH 
                    CARE.

  It is the sense of the House that--
          (1) the House supports excellent health care for 
        current and former members of the United States Armed 
        Services--they have served well and honorably and have 
        made significant sacrifices for this Nation;
          (2) the President's budget will improve health care 
        for veterans by increasing appropriations for VA by 10 
        percent more than the 2009 level, increasing VA's 
        appropriated resources for every year after 2010, and 
        restoring health care eligibility to additional 
        nondisabled veterans with modest incomes;
          (3) VA is not and should not be authorized to bill 
        private insurance companies for treatment of health 
        conditions that are related to veterans' military 
        service;
          (4) VA may find it difficult to realize the level of 
        increase in medical care collections estimated in the 
        President's budget for 2010 using existing authorities; 
        therefore, this resolution provides $540,000,000 more 
        for Function 700 (Veterans Benefits and Services) than 
        the President's budget to safeguard the provision of 
        health care to veterans;
          (5) it is important to continue providing sufficient 
        and timely funding for veterans' and servicemembers' 
        health care; and
          (6) this resolution provides additional funding above 
        the 2009 levels for VA to research and treat mental 
        health, post-traumatic stress disorder, and traumatic 
        brain injury.

SEC. 602. SENSE OF THE HOUSE ON HOMELAND SECURITY.

  It is the sense of the House that because making the country 
safer and more secure is such a critical priority, the 
resolution therefore provides robust resources in the four 
budget functions--Function 400 (Transportation), Function 450 
(Community and Regional Development), Function 550 (Health), 
and Function 750 (Administration of Justice)--that fund most 
nondefense homeland security activities that can be used to 
address our key security priorities, including--
          (1) safeguarding the Nation's transportation systems, 
        including rail, mass transit, ports, and airports;
          (2) continuing with efforts to identify and to screen 
        for threats bound for the United States;
          (3) strengthening border security;
          (4) enhancing emergency preparedness and training and 
        equipping first responders;
          (5) helping to make critical infrastructure more 
        secure and resilient against the threat of terrorism 
        and natural disasters;
          (6) making the Nation's cyber infrastructure 
        resistive to attack; and
          (7) increasing the preparedness of the public health 
        system.

SEC. 603. SENSE OF THE HOUSE ON PROMOTING AMERICAN INNOVATION AND 
                    ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS.

  It is the sense of the House that--
          (1) the House should provide sufficient investments 
        to enable our Nation to continue to be the world leader 
        in education, innovation, and economic growth as 
        envisioned in the goals of the America COMPETES Act;
          (2) this resolution builds on significant funding 
        provided in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 
        for scientific research and education in Function 250 
        (General Science, Space and Technology), Function 270 
        (Energy), Function 300 (Natural Resources and 
        Environment), Function 500 (Education, Training, 
        Employment, and Social Services), and Function 550 
        (Health);
          (3) the House also should pursue policies designed to 
        ensure that American students, teachers, businesses, 
        and workers are prepared to continue leading the world 
        in innovation, research, and technology well into the 
        future; and
          (4) this resolution recognizes the importance of the 
        extension of investments and tax policies that promote 
        research and development and encourage innovation and 
        future technologies that will ensure American economic 
        competitiveness.

SEC. 604. SENSE OF THE HOUSE REGARDING PAY PARITY.

  It is the sense of the House that rates of compensation for 
civilian employees of the United States should be adjusted at 
the same time, and in the same proportion, as are rates of 
compensation for members of the uniformed services.

SEC. 605. SENSE OF THE HOUSE ON COLLEGE AFFORDABILITY.

  It is the sense of the House that nothing in this resolution 
should be construed to reduce any assistance that makes college 
more affordable and accessible for students, including but not 
limited to student aid programs and services provided by 
nonprofit State agencies.

SEC. 606. SENSE OF THE HOUSE ON GREAT LAKES RESTORATION.

  It is the sense of the House that this resolution recognizes 
the importance of funding for an interagency initiative to 
address regional environmental issues that affect the Great 
Lakes, and that coordinated planning and implementation among 
the Federal, State, and local government and nongovernmental 
stakeholders is essential to more effectively addressing the 
most significant problems within the Great Lakes basin.

SEC. 607. SENSE OF THE HOUSE REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF CHILD SUPPORT 
                    ENFORCEMENT.

  It is the sense of the House that--
          (1) additional legislative action is needed to ensure 
        that States have the necessary resources to collect all 
        child support that is owed to families and to allow 
        them to pass 100 percent of support on to families 
        without financial penalty; and
          (2) when 100 percent of child support payments are 
        passed to the child, rather than administrative 
        expenses, program integrity is improved and child 
        support participation increases.