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111th Congress                                                   Report
                                 SENATE
 1st Session                                                    111-108

======================================================================



 
THE LORD'S RESISTANCE ARMY DISARMAMENT AND NORTHERN UGANDA RECOVERY ACT 
                                OF 2009

                                _______
                                

               December 15, 2009.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

          Mr. Kerry, from the Committee on Foreign Relations,
                        submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 1067]

    The Committee on Foreign Relations, having had under 
consideration the bill (S. 1067) to support stabilization and 
lasting peace in northern Uganda and areas affected by the 
Lord's Resistance Army and to authorize funds for humanitarian 
relief and reconstruction, reconciliation, and transitional 
justice, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon, as 
amended in the nature of a substitute, and recommends that the 
bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page

  I. Purpose..........................................................1
 II. Committee Action.................................................2
III. Discussion.......................................................2
 IV. Cost Estimate....................................................3
  V. Evaluation of Regulatory Impact..................................4
 VI. Changes in Existing Law..........................................4

                               I. Purpose

    The purpose of S. 1067 is to promote stabilization, 
reconstruction, and lasting peace in northern Uganda and other 
areas affected by the Lord's Resistance Army through support 
for multilateral efforts to protect civilians and to eliminate 
the threat posed by the Lord's Resistance Army and for economic 
and social reconstruction and conflict resolution activities 
undertaken by the Government of Uganda; and to authorize funds 
for humanitarian relief, reconstruction, reconciliation, and 
transitional justice, and for other purposes.

                          II. Committee Action

    S. 1067 was introduced by Senators Feingold and Brownback 
on May 19, 2009. An additional 41 members subsequently 
cosponsored the legislation. On November 17, 2009, the 
committee ordered the bill, amended in the nature of a 
substitute, reported favorably by voice vote. Changes in the 
substitute included striking the original offset and including 
measures to clarify and streamline the bill and to emphasize 
that the Government of Uganda has the core responsibility to 
invest in the recovery of Northern Uganda, but that the United 
States will assist these efforts.

                            III. Discussion

    For over 20 years, the Government of Uganda engaged in 
armed conflict with the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in 
northern Uganda. At its height, the conflict displaced two 
million Ugandans. The LRA is notorious for the commission of 
atrocities, including the abduction of children to use as child 
soldiers and sexual slaves. While the LRA has since been driven 
from northern Uganda, it remains a significant source of 
regional instability, preying upon civilians in the Democratic 
Republic of Congo, Southern Sudan, and the Central African 
Republic.
    S. 1067 affirms that it is the policy of the United States 
to work with the Government of Uganda and other partners toward 
a comprehensive and lasting peace in northern Uganda. It calls 
for the provision of political, economic, military, and 
intelligence support for viable multilateral efforts to protect 
civilians from the LRA, apprehend or remove Joseph Kony and 
other commanders, and disarm and demobilize LRA forces as well 
as targeted humanitarian assistance. It further encourages 
efforts of the Ugandan government and civil society to promote 
reconstruction, reconciliation, and transitional justice 
measures.
    The legislation requires the President to submit to 
Congress a strategy to guide future U.S. Government support for 
multilateral efforts to mitigate and eliminate the threat to 
civilians and regional stability posed by the LRA. This 
strategy is to include:


    a plan to assist United Nations and other regional efforts 
        to protect civilians and build institutions to 
        strengthen the rule of law and prevent conflict;

    an assessment of options through which the United States 
        could support efforts to eliminate the threat posed by 
        the LRA;

    an interagency framework for diplomatic, economic, 
        intelligence, and military elements of United States 
        policy; and

    a description of United States diplomatic engagement.


    This strategy is to be submitted to Congress no later than 
180 days after the enactment of this Act and may include a 
classified annex. One year after submission of the strategy, 
the Secretary of State is directed to provide the appropriate 
Congressional committees with a report on the progress made 
toward implementation. This report is to include a description 
and evaluation of assistance provided under this Act, as well.
    This legislation also authorizes the President to provide 
additional assistance to the Democratic Republic of Congo, 
southern Sudan, and the Central African Republic to respond to 
the humanitarian needs of populations directly affected by LRA 
activity.
    Additionally, this bill encourages further support for 
initiatives of the Ugandan government and civil society to 
promote reconstruction, transitional justice, and 
reconciliation in northern Uganda. This support should include 
helping the Government of Uganda and the people of Northern 
Uganda to:


    assist internally displaced people in transition and 
        returnees in securing durable solutions;

    enhance the accountability, operational capacity, and 
        competency of local governments, civilian police 
        forces, and the justice system; and

    establish mechanisms for reintegration and psycho-social 
        services for former combatants and those abducted by 
        the LRA.


    The legislation expresses support for increased assistance 
in the future if the Government of Uganda demonstrates a 
commitment to transparent and accountable reconstruction in 
war-affected areas and states that it is the sense of Congress 
that future non-humanitarian bilateral assistance should be 
withheld if such a commitment is not demonstrated.
    S. 1067 authorizes the appropriation of up to $10,000,000 
for fiscal year 2011 to provide humanitarian assistance for 
areas outside Uganda affected by the LRA. This legislation also 
authorizes the appropriation of up to $10,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2011 through 2013 to support reconciliation and 
transitional justice.

                           IV. Cost Estimate

    In accordance with Rule XXVI, paragraph 11(a) of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the committee provides this 
estimate of the costs of this legislation prepared by the 
Congressional Budget Office.

                            United States Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                 Washington, DC, December 10, 2009.

Hon. John F. Kerry,
Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations,
U.S. Senate, Washington, DC.

    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for S. 1067, the Lord's 
Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act of 
2009.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is John Chin.
          Sincerely,
                                      Douglas W. Elmendorf.

                                ------                                


               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

                                                 December 10, 2009.

                                S. 1067


Lord's Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act of 
                                  2009


  AS ORDERED REPORTED BY THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS ON 
                           NOVEMBER 17, 2009

    S. 1067 would require the President to develop a strategy 
to support the disarmament of the Lord's Resistance Army--a 
sectarian guerrilla group in central Africa. It also would 
authorize the appropriation of $10 million a year over the 
2011-2013 period to support reconciliation between the 
government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army. In 
addition, the bill would authorize the appropriation of $10 
million in 2011 to provide humanitarian assistance to areas 
outside Uganda that have been affected by the Lord's Resistance 
Army.
    Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO 
estimates that implementing S. 1067 would cost $28 million over 
the 2010-2014 period, as shown in the following table. Enacting 
the bill would not affect direct spending or receipts.

                                       Changes in Spending Due to S. 3169
                                     By Fiscal Year, in Millions of Dollars
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       2010      2011      2012      2013      2014    2010-2014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Authorized Level...................................        0        20        10        10         0         40
Estimated Outlays..................................        0         7         9         8         4         28
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    S. 1067 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and 
would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal 
governments.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is John Chin. The 
estimate was approved by Theresa Gullo, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.


                   V. Evaluation of Regulatory Impact

    Pursuant to Rule XXVI, paragraph 11(b) of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate, the committee has determined that there is 
no regulatory impact as a result of this legislation.

                      VI. Changes in Existing Law

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of Rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the committee notes that no 
changes to existing law are made by this bill.