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[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


                                                       Calendar No. 624
111th Congress                                                   Report
  2d Session                  SENATE                            111-337
=======================================================================
 
                  CHILD PROTECTION COMPACT ACT OF 2010 

                                _______
                                

               September 28, 2010.--Ordered to be printed

          Mr. Kerry, from the Committee on Foreign Relations,
                        submitted the following

                                 REPORT

                         [To accompany S. 3184]

    The Committee on Foreign Relations, having had under 
consideration the bill (S. 3184) to provide United States 
assistance for the purpose of eradicating severe forms of 
trafficking in children in eligible countries through the 
implementation of Child Protection Compacts, and for other 
purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the 
bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page

  I. Purpose..........................................................1
 II. Committee Action.................................................1
III. Discussion.......................................................1
 IV. Cost Estimate....................................................2
  V. Evaluation of Regulatory Impact..................................3
 VI. Changes in Existing Law..........................................3

                               I. Purpose

    The purpose of S. 3184 is to provide incentives to protect 
and rescue children subjected to severe forms of trafficking in 
persons or sexual exploitation through the establishment of 
Child Protection Compacts between the United States and select, 
eligible countries.

                          II. Committee Action

    Senators Boxer, Cardin, and Brownback introduced S.3184 on 
March 25, 2010. On September 21, 2010, the committee ordered 
the bill reported favorably by voice vote.

                            III. Discussion

    S.3184 authorizes the Secretary of State, acting through 
the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (G/TIP) 
of the Department of State, to enter into agreements, or 
Compacts, with selected eligible countries on strategies to end 
the trafficking, exploitation, and enslavement of children. The 
purpose of the Act is to provide incentives for Tier 2 or Tier 
2 Watch List countries to work in partnership with the United 
States to strengthen their institutional responses to 
trafficking of children, especially in the areas of protection 
of vulnerable children and prosecution of traffickers. The 
Compact sets forth the specific objectives that the country and 
the United States expect to achieve during the term of the 
Compact and the particular programs or initiatives to be 
undertaken, including regular outcome indicators to monitor 
progress.
    The Compacts, whose criteria are established in Section 6, 
are three-year plans for achieving shared objectives. A Compact 
should take into account existing national child protection 
strategies and national action plans for human trafficking of 
the country and should contain the specific objectives that the 
country and the United States expect to achieve during the term 
of the Compact. In addition to stated criteria, a country 
should be selected on the basis of a documented high prevalence 
of trafficking of children and demonstrated political will and 
sustained commitment to undertake meaningful measures to 
address severe forms of trafficking in children.
    The Act authorizes the Secretary to provide assistance for 
each country that enters into a Compact with the United States. 
The bill expresses the sense of Congress that, of the total 
amounts to be appropriated for fiscal years 2011 through 2013 
for the Department of State and foreign operations, up to 
$30,000,000 should be used to carry out the purposes of this 
Act. The amount of any single Compact shall not exceed a total 
of $15,000,000.
    The Secretary may terminate assistance in whole or in part 
for a country or entity if the Secretary determines that the 
country or entity is engaged in activities which are contrary 
to the national security interests of the United States; the 
country or entity has engaged in a pattern of actions 
inconsistent with the criteria used to determine the 
eligibility of the country or entity; or the country or entity 
has failed to adhere to its responsibilities under the Compact. 
The Secretary may reinstate assistance for a country or entity 
only if the Secretary determines that the country or entity has 
demonstrated a commitment to correcting each condition for 
which assistance was suspended or terminated.
    S. 3184 intends for successful pilots in selected focus 
countries to serve as models for replication elsewhere. G/TIP 
should conduct baseline and follow-up studies of the prevalence 
of victimization at the beginning and end of focus country 
programs and of government capacity to rescue child victims and 
bring perpetrators to justice.
    Congressional oversight is built in through a requirement 
that the Ambassador-at-Large of G/TIP consult with appropriate 
congressional committees about the objectives and proposed 
mechanisms to implement the Compact and provide oversight not 
later than fifteen days prior to the start of negotiations of a 
Compact with a country. Not later than ten days after entry 
into force of a Compact with a country, the Ambassador-at-Large 
will notify the appropriate congressional committees and 
provide a detailed summary of the Compact and a copy of the 
text of the Compact.

                           IV. Cost Estimate

    Rule XXVI, paragraph 11(a) of the Standing Rules of the 
Senate requires that committee reports on bills or joint 
resolutions contain a cost estimate for such legislation. To 
date, the committee has not received the Congressional Budget 
Office cost estimate.

                   V. Evaluation of Regulatory Impact

    Pursuant to Rule XXVI, paragraph 11(b) of the Standing 
Rules of the Senate, the committee has determined that there is 
no regulatory impact as a result of this legislation.

                      VI. Changes in Existing Law

    In compliance with paragraph 12 of Rule XXVI of the 
Standing Rules of the Senate, the committee notes that no 
changes to existing law are made by this bill.