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112th Congress                                            Rept. 112-379
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                      Part 1

======================================================================



 
                   LEGALLY BINDING BUDGET ACT OF 2011

                                _______
                                

January 31, 2012.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

               Mr. Dreier, from the Committee on Rules, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3575]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Rules, to whom was referred the bill (H.R. 
3575) to amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to 
establish joint resolutions on the budget, and for other 
purposes, having considered the same, reports favorably thereon 
with amendments and recommends that the bill as amended do 
pass.

                           table of contents


                                                                    Page
    Amendments....................................................     2
    Purpose and Summary...........................................     2
    Background and Need for Legislation...........................     3
    Hearings......................................................     3
    Committee Consideration.......................................     3
    Committee Votes...............................................     3
    Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations..............     5
    Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate.....................     5
    Performance Goals and Objectives..............................     6
    New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax 
      Expenditures................................................     6
    Committee Cost Estimate.......................................     6
    Federal Mandates Statement....................................     6
    Advisory Committee Statement..................................     7
    Applicability to the Legislative Branch.......................     7
    Constitutional Authority Statement............................     7
    Statement Regarding Earmarks..................................     7
    Exchange of Committee Correspondence..........................     7
    Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation................    10
    Changes in House Rules Made by the Legislation as Reported....    11
    Changes in Existing Law Made by the Legislation as Reported...    14

                               Amendments

    The amendments are as follows (page and line numbers refer 
to the introduced bill):
  Strike section 3 and insert:

SEC. 3. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO SECTION 300.

  Section 300 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is 
amended by striking ``concurrent'' in each place it appears and 
inserting ``joint''.

  Strike section 7 and insert:

SEC. 7. AUTOMATIC CONGRESSIONAL ENFORCEMENT OF JOINT RESOLUTION.

  (a) In General.--Title III of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974 is amended by adding after section 315 the following new 
section:


       ``automatic congressional enforcement of joint resolution


  ``Sec. 316. For purposes of congressional enforcement under 
titles III and IV of this Act and the rules of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate, the aggregates, allocations, 
and any other matters that pertain solely to the Congress set 
forth in the joint resolution shall be considered as 
enforceable upon enactment or 15 days following presentment to 
the President, whichever occurs earlier.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents set forth in 
section 1(b) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment 
Control Act of 1974 is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 315 the following new item:

    ``Sec. 316. Automatic congressional enforcement of joint 
              resolution.''.

  Page 6, strike lines 15 through 21 and redesignate succeeding 
sections accordingly.

                          Purpose and Summary

    H.R. 3575, the Legally Binding Budget Act of 2011, reforms 
the budget process by establishing a mechanism at the outset of 
the budget process to reach agreement between the House, 
Senate, and the President on the appropriate levels of 
budgetary resources for the upcoming fiscal year. This 
mechanism is a joint resolution on the budget, which has the 
force of law and, like all laws, requires the signature of the 
President (or a two-thirds majority of both Houses overriding a 
veto) to be enacted. However, if the President were to veto the 
joint budget resolution, or fail to sign it into law within 15 
days, Congress will maintain its budget enforcement mechanisms 
by providing for automatic establishment of budget levels and 
allocations.

                  Background and Need for Legislation

    The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (CBA) established the 
annual concurrent resolution on the budget as the mechanism to 
develop, consider, and approve a comprehensive congressional 
budget plan. The budget resolution sets forth aggregate 
spending and revenue levels, spending totals by major 
functional categories, and may include reconciliation 
instructions to House or Senate committees. If adopted in 
identical form by both the House and Senate, the concurrent 
resolution serves as an agreement between the two chambers on a 
congressional budget plan for a session of Congress. A 
concurrent resolution is not presented to the President for a 
signature, and therefore, does not become law.
    When the CBA was developed, Congress established a 
concurrent budget resolution to create a budget process that 
was largely independent of the President. The concurrent budget 
resolution was intended to be Congress' response to the 
President's submitted budget. Critics have argued that the 
current budget resolution process often results in negotiations 
beginning late in the budget process as opposed to the 
beginning of the process, making it more difficult for the two 
branches to eventually reconcile their differences.
    In fact, since the creation of the budget resolution in 
1974, all regular appropriation bills have been enacted by 
October 1, which is the beginning of the fiscal year, just four 
times--in 1976, 1988, 1994, and 1996.
    Since the enactment of the CBA, reformers have frequently 
discussed the prospect of converting concurrent budget 
resolutions to joint resolutions as a potential solution to 
often stalled budget negotiations.
    H.R. 3575, introduced by Rep. Diane Black (R-TN) on 
December 7, 2011, would establish a joint resolution on the 
budget that with the force of law, would foster early 
cooperation between the House, Senate, and the President in the 
budget process and lay a clearer path to finalizing budget 
resolution policies.

                                Hearings

    The Committee on Rules did not hold hearings on this 
measure.
    The Committee on the Budget held two oversight hearings on 
the budget process where witnesses dissused the topic of joint 
budget resolutions. On September 21, 2011, they held a hearing 
entitled ``The Broken Budget Process: Perspectives of Former 
CBO Directors''; ``The Broken Budget Process: Prespectives from 
Budget Experts'' was held on September 22, 2011.

                        Committee Consideration

    The Committee on Rules met on January 23, 2012 in open 
session and ordered H.R. 3575 favorably reported to the House 
with an amendment by a record vote of 5 yeas and 2 nays, a 
quorum being present.

                            Committee Votes

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives requires the Committee to list the record votes 
on the motion to report legislation and amendments thereto. A 
motion by Mr. Sessions to report the bill, as amended, to the 
House with a favorable recommendation was agreed to by a record 
vote of 5 yeas and 2 nays, a quorum being present.
    The names of Members voting for and against follow:

                                       Rules Committee Record Vote No. 181
 Motion by Mr. Sessions to report the bill, as amended, to the House with a favorable recommendation. Agreed to:
                                               5 yeas and 2 nays.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                     Vote                Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Sessions...................................          Yea   Ms. Slaughter......................  ............
Ms. Foxx.......................................          Yea   Mr. McGovern.......................          Nay
Mr. Bishop of Utah.............................  ............  Mr. Hastings (FL)..................  ............
Mr. Woodall....................................  ............  Mr. Polis..........................          Nay
Mr. Nugent.....................................          Yea   ...................................  ............
Mr. Scott......................................          Yea   ...................................  ............
Mr. Webster....................................  ............  ...................................  ............
Mr. Dreier, Chairman...........................          Yea   ...................................  ............
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Committee also disposed of the following amendments by 
record vote:

                                       Rules Committee Record Vote No. 179
  Amendment by Mr. McGovern #1a to the Dreier amendment #1 to strike section 7 from the bill. Not agreed to: 2
                                                yeas and 5 nays.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                     Vote                Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Sessions...................................          Nay   Ms. Slaughter......................  ............
Ms. Foxx.......................................          Nay   Mr. McGovern.......................          Yea
Mr. Bishop of Utah.............................  ............  Mr. Hastings (FL)..................  ............
Mr. Woodall....................................  ............  Mr. Polis..........................          Yea
Mr. Nugent.....................................          Nay   ...................................  ............
Mr. Scott......................................          Nay   ...................................  ............
Mr. Webster....................................  ............  ...................................  ............
Mr. Dreier, Chairman...........................          Nay   ...................................  ............
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                       Rules Committee Record Vote No. 180
  Amendment by Mr. Dreier #1, striking provisions relating to the schedule for consideration of the budget and
 inclusion of matter related to the debt limit, and clarifying the exepedited procedures in the bill. Agreed to:
                                               5 yeas and 2 nays.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Majority Members                     Vote                Minority Members               Vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mr. Sessions...................................          Yea   Ms. Slaughter......................  ............
Ms. Foxx.......................................          Yea   Mr. McGovern.......................          Nay
Mr. Bishop of Utah.............................  ............  Mr. Hastings (FL)..................  ............
Mr. Woodall....................................  ............  Mr. Polis..........................          Nay
Mr. Nugent.....................................          Yea   ...................................  ............
Mr. Scott......................................          Yea   ...................................  ............
Mr. Webster....................................  ............  ...................................  ............
Mr. Dreier, Chairman...........................          Yea   ...................................  ............
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

            Committee Oversight Findings and Recommendations

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee made findings and 
recommendations that are reflected in this report.

               Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is the cost estimate 
provided by the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                  Washington, DC, January 27, 2012.
Hon. David Dreier, 
Chairman, Committee on Rules,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has 
prepared the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3575, the Legally 
Binding Budget Act of 2012.
    If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be 
pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is Jared 
Brewster.
            Sincerely,
                                              Douglas W. Elmendorf.
    Enclosure.

H.R. 3575--Legally Binding Budget Act of 2012

    H.R. 3575 would change the procedures for considering the 
Congressional budget resolution. CBO estimates that enacting 
H.R. 3575, by itself, would not have a significant impact on 
the federal budget. Any impact on the budget would depend on 
the extent of future legislative actions by the Congress and 
the President. Enacting H.R. 3575 would not affect direct 
spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do 
not apply.
    The bill would change the budget resolution from a 
concurrent resolution (a legislative measure that is passed by 
both the House and Senate, but is not signed into law) to a 
joint resolution (a measure passed by both Houses of Congress, 
and signed into law by the President). Under H.R. 3575, if a 
budget resolution is cleared by the Congress, the items 
contained in that resolution that pertain solely to the 
Congress would be enforceable upon enactment or 15 days after 
it is presented to the President, whichever occurs earlier.
    The impact of H.R. 3575 would depend on future actions of 
the Congress and the President. Therefore, this bill would 
not--by itself--have a significant impact on the federal 
budget. However, requiring a budget resolution to be signed 
into law may lead to additional difficulties in establishing 
the guidelines required for the Congressional budget process. 
CBO estimates that any additional administrative costs for 
implementing H.R. 3575 would not be significant because both 
the executive branch and the Congress already carry out 
activities similar to those that would be involved in preparing 
and responding to Presidential budget proposals.
    H.R. 3575 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector 
mandates, as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, and--
by itself--would have no impact on the budgets of state, local, 
or tribal governments. Any budgetary effects would depend on 
subsequent legislative action.
    The CBO staff contact for this estimate is Jared Brewster. 
The estimate was approved by Theresa Gullo, Deputy Assistant 
Director for Budget Analysis.

                    Performance Goals and Objectives

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee establishes the 
following performance related goals and objectives for this 
legislation:
    The legislation will reform the budget process by 
establishing a mechanism at the beginning of the budget process 
to reach agreement between the House, Senate, and the President 
on the appropriate levels of budgetary resources for the 
upcoming fiscal year.

   New Budget Authority, Entitlement Authority, and Tax Expenditures

    In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules 
of the House of Representatives, the Committee adopts as its 
own the estimate of new budget authority, entitlement 
authority, or tax expenditures or revenues contained in the 
cost estimate prepared by the Director of the Congressional 
Budget Office pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional 
Budget Act of 1974.

                        Committee Cost Estimate

    The Committee adopts as its own the cost estimate prepared 
by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office pursuant to 
section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

                       Federal Mandates Statement

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act.

                      Advisory Committee Statement

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act were created by this 
legislation.

                Applicability to the Legislative Branch

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of the section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act.

                   Constitutional Authority Statement

    Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that the 
Constitutional Authority of Congress to enact this legislation 
is provided by Article 1, section 5, clause 2 (relating to the 
right of each House of Congress to determine the rules of its 
proceedings), and section 9, clause 7 (relating to the 
prohibition on drawing money from the treasury but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law).

                      Statement Regarding Earmarks

    In compliance with clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee finds that H.R. 3575 
does not contain any congressional earmarks, limited tax 
benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in clause 9 of 
rule XXI.

                  Exchange of Committee Correspondence



             Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation


Section 1. Short Title.

    This section provides the short title for the bill, the 
``Legally Binding Budget Act of 2011.''

Sec. 2. Definitions.

    This section strikes the definition of the term 
``concurrent resolution on the budget'' from section 3 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (CBA) and inserts a new 
definition of the term ``joint resolution on the budget''.

Sec. 3. Conforming Amendments to Section 300.

    This section makes conforming changes to the schedule for 
consideration of the budget to reflect the change from using a 
concurrent resolution to a joint resolution.

Sec. 4. Amendments to Section 303 and Conforming Amendments.

    This section makes conforming changes to the section 303 of 
the CBA to reflect the change from using a concurrent 
resolution to a joint resolution.

Sec. 5. Permissible Revisions of Budget Resolutions.

    This section revises section 304 of the CBA to provide that 
a joint resolution on the budget enacted into law may be 
amended by another joint resolution.

Sec. 6. Limitations on the Content of Budget Resolutions.

    This section clarifies that it will not be in order in the 
House of Representatives or in the Senate to consider any joint 
resolution on the budget or any amendment thereto or conference 
report thereon that include extraneous matters not listed in 
sections 301(a) or (b) of the CBA. The Committee intends that 
the joint resolution contain only those matters that have 
traditionally been included in past budget resolutions, and not 
be used as a vehicle for substantive changes in law.

Sec. 7. Automatic Congressional Enforcement of Joint Resolution.

    This section adds a new section to title III of the CBA, 
which provides that if the President vetoes a joint resolution 
on the budget, or fails to sign it into law within 15 days, the 
aggregates, allocations, and any other matters that pertain 
solely to the Congress set forth in that joint resolution will, 
for purposes of titles III and IV, and be enforceable in the 
House of Representatives and the Senate as if the joint 
resolution had been enacted.

Sec. 8. Additional Amendments to the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
        to Effectuate Joint Resolutions on the Budget.

    This section makes conforming amendments to sections 301, 
302, 303, 304, 305, 308, 310, 311, 312, 314, 405, and 904 of 
the CBA to reflect the change from using a concurrent 
resolution to a joint resolution.

Sec. 9. Amendments to the Rules of the House of Representatives to 
        Effectuate Joint Budget Resolutions.

    This section makes conforming amendments to clauses 
1(d)(1), 4(a)(4), 4(b)(2), 4(f)(1)(A), and 4(f)(2) of rule X, 
clause 10 of rule XVIII, clause 10 of rule XX, and clauses 7 
and 10 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives 
to reflect the change from using a concurrent resolution to a 
joint resolution.

Sec. 10. Conforming Amendments to the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
        Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    This section makes conforming changes to section 258 of the 
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 to 
reflect the change from using a concurrent resolution to a 
joint resolution.

          Changes in House Rules Made by the Bill, as Reported

    In compliance with clause 3(g) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in the Rules of the House 
made by the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing 
rules proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                                RULE X.


                       Organization of Committees


Committees and their legislative jurisdictions

  1. There shall be in the House the following standing 
committees, each of which shall have the jurisdiction and 
related functions assigned by this clause and clauses 2, 3, and 
4. All bills, resolutions, and other matters relating to 
subjects within the jurisdiction of the standing committees 
listed in this clause shall be referred to those committees, in 
accordance with clause 2 of rule XII, as follows:

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (d) Committee on the Budget
                  (1) [Concurrent] Joint resolutions on the 
                budget (as defined in section 3(4) of the 
                Congressional Budget Act of 1974), other 
                matters required to be referred to the 
                committee under titles III and IV of that Act, 
                and other measures setting forth appropriate 
                levels of budget totals for the United States 
                Government.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Additional functions of committees

  4.(a)  *  *  *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (4) In the manner provided by section 302 of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee on 
Appropriations (after consulting with the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate) shall subdivide any allocations 
made to it in the joint explanatory statement accompanying the 
conference report on such [concurrent] joint resolution, and 
promptly report the subdivisions to the House as soon as 
practicable after a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget 
for a fiscal year is agreed to.
  (b) The Committee on the Budget shall--

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (2) hold hearings and receive testimony from Members, 
        Senators, Delegates, the Resident Commissioner, and 
        such appropriate representatives of Federal departments 
        and agencies, the general public, and national 
        organizations as it considers desirable in developing 
        [concurrent] joint resolutions on the budget for each 
        fiscal year;

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


Budget Act responsibilities

  (f) (1) Each standing committee shall submit to the Committee 
on the Budget not later than six weeks after the submission of 
the budget by the President, or at such time as the Committee 
on the Budget may request--
          (A) its views and estimates with respect to all 
        matters to be set forth in the [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget for the ensuing fiscal year 
        that are within its jurisdiction or functions; and

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (2) The views and estimates submitted by the Committee on 
Ways and Means under subparagraph (1) shall include a specific 
recommendation, made after holding public hearings, as to the 
appropriate level of the public debt that should be set forth 
in the [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                               RULE XVIII.


The Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



 [Concurrent] Joint Resolution on the Budget

  1.(a) At the conclusion of general debate in the Committee of 
the Whole House on the state of the Union on a [concurrent] 
joint resolution on the budget under section 305(a) of the 
Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the [concurrent] joint 
resolution shall be considered as read for amendment.
  (b) It shall not be in order in the House or in the Committee 
of the Whole House on the state of the Union to consider an 
amendment to a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget, or 
an amendment thereto, unless the [concurrent] joint resolution, 
as amended by such amendment or amendments--
          (1) would be mathematically consistent except as 
        limited by paragraph (c); and
          (2) would contain all the matter set forth in 
        paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 301(a) of the 
        Congressional Budget Act of 1974.
  (c)(1) Except as specified in subparagraph (2), it shall not 
be in order in the House or in the Committee of the Whole House 
on the state of the Union to consider an amendment to a 
[concurrent] joint resolution on the budget, or an amendment 
thereto, that proposes to change the amount of the appropriate 
level of the public debt set forth in the [concurrent] joint 
resolution, as reported.
  (2) Amendments to achieve mathematical consistency under 
section 305(a)(5) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, if 
offered by direction of the Committee on the Budget, may 
propose to adjust the amount of the appropriate level of the 
public debt set forth in the [concurrent] joint resolution, as 
reported, to reflect changes made in other figures contained in 
the [concurrent] joint resolution.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                                RULE XX.


Voting and Quorum Calls

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *



Automatic yeas and nays

  10. The yeas and nays shall be considered as ordered when the 
Speaker puts the question on passage of a bill or joint 
resolution, or on adoption of a conference report, making 
general appropriations, or increasing Federal income tax rates 
(within the meaning of clause 5 of rule XXI), or on final 
adoption of a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget or 
conference report thereon.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                               RULE XXI.


Restrictions on Certain Bills

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  7. It shall not be in order to consider a [concurrent] joint 
resolution on the budget, or an amendment thereto, or a 
conference report thereon that contains reconciliation 
directives under section 310 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974 that specify changes in law such that the reconciliation 
legislation reported pursuant to such directives would cause an 
increase in net direct spending (as such term is defined in 
clause 10) for the period covered by such [concurrent] joint 
resolution.

         Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported

  In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by 
the bill, as reported, are shown as follows (existing law 
proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new 
matter is printed in italic, existing law in which no change is 
proposed is shown in roman):

                    CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT OF 1974

                    SHORT TITLES; TABLE OF CONTENTS

  Section 1. (a) * * *
  (b) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Short titles; table of contents.
     * * * * * * *
Sec. 301. [Annual adoption of concurrent resolution] Joint resolutions 
          on the budget.
     * * * * * * *
[Sec. 303. Concurrent resolution on the budget must be adopted before 
          budget-related legislation is considered.]
Sec. 303. Consideration of budget-related legislation before budget 
          becomes law.
     * * * * * * *
Sec. 305. Provisions relating to consideration of [concurrent] joint 
          resolutions on the budget.
     * * * * * * *
Sec. 316. Automatic congressional enforcement of joint resolution.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  Sec. 3. In General.--For purposes of this Act--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          [(4) The term ``concurrent resolution on the budget'' 
        means--
                  [(A) a concurrent resolution setting forth 
                the congressional budget for the United States 
                Government for a fiscal year as provided in 
                section 301; and
                  [(B) any other concurrent resolution revising 
                the congressional budget for the United States 
                Government for a fiscal year as described in 
                section 304.]
          (4) The term ``joint resolution on the budget'' 
        means--
                  (A) a joint resolution setting forth the 
                budget for the United States Government for a 
                fiscal year as provided in section 301; and
                  (B) any other joint resolution revising the 
                budget for the United States Government for a 
                fiscal year as described in section 304.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                TITLE III--CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET PROCESS

                               TIMETABLE

  Sec. 300. The timetable with respect to the congressional 
budget process for any fiscal year is as follows:

On or before:       Action to be completed: 
  First Monday in FePresident submits his budget. ......................
  February 15.......Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget 
                    Committees. 
  Not later than 6 wCommittees submit views and estimates to Budget ....
                    Committees. 
  April 1...........Senate Budget Committee reports [concurrent] joint .
                    resolution on the budget. 
  April 15..........Congress completes action on [concurrent] joint ....
                    resolution on the budget. 
  May 15............Annual appropriation bills may be considered in the 
                    House. 
  June 10...........House Appropriations Committee reports last annual .
                    appropriation bill. 
  June 15...........Congress completes action on reconciliation ........
                    legislation. 
  June 30...........House completes action on annual appropriation .....
                    bills. 
  October 1.........Fiscal year begins..................................
  [annual adoption of concurrent resolution] joint resolutions on the 
                                 budget
  Sec. 301. (a) Content of [Concurrent] Joint Resolution on the 
Budget.--On or before April 15 of each year, the Congress shall 
complete action on a [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
budget for the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year. 
The [concurrent] joint resolution shall set forth appropriate 
levels for the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year 
and for at least each of the 4 ensuing fiscal years for the 
following--
          (1) * * *
          * * * * * * *
The [concurrent] joint resolution shall not include the outlays 
and revenue totals of the old age, survivors, and disability 
insurance program established under title II of the Social 
Security Act or the related provisions of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986 in the surplus or deficit totals required by this 
subsection or in any other surplus or deficit totals required 
by this title.
  (b) Additional Matters in [Concurrent] Joint Resolution.--The 
[concurrent] joint resolution on the budget may--
          (1) * * *
          * * * * * * *
          (3) require a procedure under which all or certain 
        bills or resolutions providing new budget authority or 
        new entitlement authority for such fiscal year shall 
        not be enrolled until the Congress has completed action 
        on any reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution 
        or both required by such [concurrent] joint resolution 
        to be reported in accordance with section 310(b);
          * * * * * * *
          (5) include a heading entitled ``Debt Increase as 
        Measure of Deficit'' in which the [concurrent] joint 
        resolution shall set forth the amounts by which the 
        debt subject to limit (in section 3101 of title 31 of 
        the United States Code) has increased or would increase 
        in each of the relevant fiscal years;
          (6) include a heading entitled ``Display of Federal 
        Retirement Trust Fund Balances'' in which the 
        [concurrent] joint resolution shall set forth the 
        balances of the Federal retirement trust funds;
          * * * * * * *
  (c) Consideration of Procedures or Matters Which Have the 
Effect of Changing any Rule of the House of Representatives.--
If the Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives 
reports any [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget which 
includes any procedure or matter which has the effect of 
changing any rule of the House of Representatives, such 
[concurrent] joint resolution shall then be referred to the 
Committee on Rules with instructions to report it within five 
calendar days (not counting any day on which the House is not 
in session). The Committee on Rules shall have jurisdiction to 
report any [concurrent] joint resolution referred to it under 
this paragraph with an amendment or amendments changing or 
striking out any such procedure or matter.
          * * * * * * *
  (e) Hearings and Report.--
          (1) In general.--In developing the [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget referred to in subsection (a) 
        for each fiscal year, the Committee on the Budget of 
        each House shall hold hearings and shall receive 
        testimony from Members of Congress and such appropriate 
        representatives of Federal departments and agencies, 
        the general public, and national organizations as the 
        committee deems desirable. Each of the recommendations 
        as to short-term and medium-term goal set forth in the 
        report submitted by the members of the Joint Economic 
        Committee under subsection (d) may be considered by the 
        Committee on the Budget of each House as part of its 
        consideration of such [concurrent] joint resolution, 
        and its report may reflect its views thereon, including 
        its views on how the estimates of revenues and levels 
        of budget authority and outlays set forth in such 
        [concurrent] joint resolution are designed to achieve 
        any goals it is recommending.
          * * * * * * *
  (f) Achievement of Goals for Reducing Unemployment.--
          (1) If, pursuant to section 4(c) of the Employment 
        Act of 1946, the President recommends in the Economic 
        Report that the goals for reducing unemployment set 
        forth in section 4(b) of such Act be achieved in a year 
        after the close of the five-year period prescribed by 
        such subsection, the [concurrent] joint resolution on 
        the budget for the fiscal year beginning after the date 
        on which such Economic Report is received by the 
        Congress may set forth the year in which, in the 
        opinion of the Congress, such goals can be achieved.
          (2) After the Congress has expressed its opinion 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) as to the year in which the 
        goals for reducing unemployment set forth in section 
        4(b) of the Employment Act of 1946 can be achieved, if, 
        pursuant to section 4(e) of such Act, the President 
        recommends in the Economic Report that such goals be 
        achieved in a year which is different from the year in 
        which the Congress has expressed its opinion that such 
        goals should be achieved, either in its action pursuant 
        to paragraph (1) or in its most recent action pursuant 
        to this paragraph, the [concurrent] joint resolution on 
        the budget for the fiscal year beginning after the date 
        on which such Economic Report is received by the 
        Congress may set forth the year in which, in the 
        opinion of the Congress, such goals can be achieved.
          * * * * * * *
  (g) Economic Assumptions.--
          (1) It shall not be in order in the Senate to 
        consider any [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
        budget for a fiscal year, or any amendment thereto, or 
        any conference report thereon, that sets forth amounts 
        and levels that are determined on the basis of more 
        than one set of economic and technical assumptions.
          (2) The joint explanatory statement accompanying a 
        conference report on a [concurrent] joint resolution on 
        the budget shall set forth the common economic 
        assumptions upon which such joint statement and 
        conference report are based, or upon which any 
        amendment contained in the joint explanatory statement 
        to be proposed by the conferees in the case of 
        technical disagreement, is based.
          * * * * * * *
  (h) Budget Committees Consultation With Committees.--The 
Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives shall 
consult with the committees of its House having legislative 
jurisdiction during the preparation, consideration, and 
enforcement of the [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget 
with respect to all matters which relate to the jurisdiction or 
functions of such committees.
  (i) Social Security Point of Order.--It shall not be in order 
in the Senate to consider any [concurrent] joint resolution on 
the budget (or amendment, motion, or conference report on the 
resolution) that would decrease the excess of social security 
revenues over social security outlays in any of the fiscal 
years covered by the [concurrent] joint resolution. No change 
in chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be 
treated as affecting the amount of social security revenues 
unless such provision changes the income tax treatment of 
social security benefits.
                         committee allocations
  Sec. 302. (a) Committee Spending Allocations.--
          (1) Allocation among committees.--The joint 
        explanatory statement accompanying a conference report 
        on a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget shall 
        include an allocation, consistent with the resolution 
        recommended in the conference report, of the levels for 
        the first fiscal year of the resolution, for at least 
        each of the ensuing 4 fiscal years, and a total for 
        that period of fiscal years (except in the case of the 
        Committee on Appropriations only for the fiscal year of 
        that resolution) of--
                  (A) * * *
          * * * * * * *
          (5) Adjusting allocation of discretionary spending in 
        the house of representatives.--(A) If a [concurrent] 
        joint resolution on the budget is not adopted by April 
        15, the chairman of the Committee on the Budget of the 
        House of Representatives shall submit to the House, as 
        soon as practicable, an allocation under paragraph (1) 
        to the Committee on Appropriations consistent with the 
        discretionary spending levels in the most recently 
        [agreed to concurrent] enacted joint resolution on the 
        budget for the appropriate fiscal year covered by that 
        resolution.
          * * * * * * *
  (b) Suballocations by Appropriations Committees.--As soon as 
practicable after a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget 
is [agreed to] enacted, the Committee on Appropriations of each 
House (after consulting with the Committee on Appropriations of 
the other House) shall suballocate each amount allocated to it 
for the budget year under subsection (a) among its 
subcommittees. Each Committee on Appropriations shall promptly 
report to its House suballocations made or revised under this 
subsection. The Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives shall further divide among its subcommittees 
the divisions made under subsection (a)(3)(B) and promptly 
report those divisions to the House.
          * * * * * * *
  (d) Subsequent [Concurrent] Joint Resolutions.--In the case 
of a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget referred to in 
section 304, the allocations under subsection (a) and the 
subdivisions under subsection (b) shall be required only to the 
extent necessary to take into account revisions made in the 
[most recently agreed to concurrent resolution on the budget] 
most recently enacted joint resolution on the budget.
          * * * * * * *
  (f) Legislation Subject to Point of Order.--
          (1) In the house of representatives.--After the 
        Congress has completed action on a [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget for a fiscal year, it shall 
        not be in order in the House of Representatives to 
        consider any bill, joint resolution, or amendment 
        providing new budget authority for any fiscal year, or 
        any conference report on any such bill or joint 
        resolution, if--
                  (A) * * *
          * * * * * * *
          (2) In the senate.--After a [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget is [agreed to] enacted, it 
        shall not be in order in the Senate to consider any 
        bill, joint resolution, amendment, motion, or 
        conference report that would cause--
                  (A) * * *
          * * * * * * *
  (g) Pay-as-You-Go Exception in the House.--
          (1) In general.--(A) Subsection (f)(1) and, after 
        April 15, section 303(a) shall not apply to any bill or 
        joint resolution, as reported, amendment thereto, or 
        conference report thereon if, for each fiscal year 
        covered by the [most recently agreed to concurrent 
        resolution on the budget] most recently enacted joint 
        resolution on the budget--
                  (i) * * *
          * * * * * * *
        would not increase the deficit, and, if the sum of any 
        revenue increases provided in legislation already 
        enacted during the current session (when added to 
        revenue increases, if any, in excess of any outlay 
        increase provided by the legislation proposed for 
        consideration) is at least as great as the sum of the 
        amount, if any, by which the aggregate level of Federal 
        revenues should be increased as set forth in that 
        [concurrent] joint resolution and the amount, if any, 
        by which revenues are to be increased pursuant to pay-
        as-you-go procedures under section 301(b)(8), if 
        included in that [concurrent] joint resolution.
          (B) Section 311(a), as that section applies to 
        revenues, shall not apply to any bill, joint 
        resolution, amendment thereto, or conference report 
        thereon if, for each fiscal year covered by the [most 
        recently agreed to concurrent resolution on the budget] 
        most recently enacted joint resolution on the budget--
                  (i) * * *
          * * * * * * *
would not increase the deficit, and, if the sum of any outlay 
reductions provided in legislation already enacted during the 
current session (when added to outlay reductions, if any, in 
excess of any revenue reduction provided by the legislation 
proposed for consideration) is at least as great as the sum of 
the amount, if any, by which the aggregate level of Federal 
outlays should be reduced as required by that [concurrent] 
joint resolution and the amount, if any, by which outlays are 
to be reduced pursuant to pay-as-you-go procedures under 
section 301(b)(8), if included in that [concurrent] joint 
resolution.
          (2) Revised allocations.--(A) * * *
          (B) Such revised allocations, functional levels, and 
        budget aggregates shall be considered for the purposes 
        of this Act as allocations, functional levels, and 
        budget aggregates contained in the [most recently 
        agreed to concurrent resolution on the budget] most 
        recently enacted joint resolution on the budget.
  [concurrent resolution on the budget must be adopted before budget-
                   related legislation is considered]

 CONSIDERATION OF BUDGET-RELATED LEGISLATION BEFORE BUDGET BECOMES LAW

  Sec. 303. [(a) In General.--]Until the [concurrent] joint 
resolution on the budget for a fiscal year [has been agreed to] 
takes effect, it shall not be in order in the House of 
Representatives, with respect to the first fiscal year covered 
by that resolution, or the Senate, with respect to any fiscal 
year covered by that resolution, to consider any bill or joint 
resolution, amendment or motion thereto, or conference report 
thereon that--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  [(b) Exceptions in the House.--In the House of 
Representatives, subsection (a) does not apply--
          [(1)(A) to any bill or joint resolution, as reported, 
        providing advance discretionary new budget authority 
        that first becomes available for the first or second 
        fiscal year after the budget year; or
          [(B) to any bill or joint resolution, as reported, 
        first increasing or decreasing revenues in a fiscal 
        year following the fiscal year to which the concurrent 
        resolution applies;
          [(2) after May 15, to any general appropriation bill 
        or amendment thereto; or
          [(3) to any bill or joint resolution unless it is 
        reported by a committee.
  [(c) Application to Appropriation Measures in the Senate.--
          [(1) In general.--Until the concurrent resolution on 
        the budget for a fiscal year has been agreed to and an 
        allocation has been made to the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate under section 302(a) for 
        that year, it shall not be in order in the Senate to 
        consider any appropriation bill or joint resolution, 
        amendment or motion thereto, or conference report 
        thereon for that year or any subsequent year.
          [(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to 
        appropriations legislation making advance 
        appropriations for the first or second fiscal year 
        after the year the allocation referred to in that 
        paragraph is made.]

     [PERMISSIBLE REVISIONS OF CONCURRENT RESOLUTIONS ON THE BUDGET

  [Sec. 304. At any time after the concurrent resolution on the 
budget for a fiscal year has been agreed to pursuant to section 
301, and before the end of such fiscal year, the two Houses may 
adopt a concurrent resolution on the budget which revises or 
reaffirms the concurrent resolution on the budget for such 
fiscal year most recently agreed to.]

              PERMISSIBLE REVISIONS OF BUDGET RESOLUTIONS

  Sec. 304. At any time after the joint resolution on the 
budget for a fiscal year has been enacted pursuant to section 
301, and before the end of such fiscal year, the two Houses and 
the President may enact a joint resolution on the budget which 
revises or reaffirms the joint resolution on the budget for 
such fiscal year most recently enacted, and for purposes of the 
enforcement of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the 
chairman of the Budget Committee of the House of 
Representatives or the Senate, as applicable, may adjust levels 
as needed for the enforcement of the budget resolution.

    PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE CONSIDERATION OF [CONCURRENT] JOINT 
                       RESOLUTIONS ON THE BUDGET

  Sec. 305. (a) Procedure in House of Representatives After 
Report of Committee; Debate.--
          (1) When a [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
        budget has been reported by the Committee on the Budget 
        of the House of Representatives and has been referred 
        to the appropriate calendar of the House, it shall be 
        in order on any day thereafter, subject to clause 
        2(l)(6) of rule XI of the Rules of the House of 
        Representatives, to move to proceed to the 
        consideration of the [concurrent] joint resolution. The 
        motion is highly privileged and is not debatable. An 
        amendment to the motion is not in order and it is not 
        in order to move to reconsider the vote by which the 
        motion is agreed to or disagreed to.
          (2) General debate on any [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget in the House of 
        Representatives shall be limited to not more than 10 
        hours, which shall be divided equally between the 
        majority and minority parties, plus such additional 
        hours of debate as are consumed pursuant to paragraph 
        (3). A motion further to limit debate is not debatable. 
        A motion to recommit the [concurrent] joint resolution 
        is not in order, and it is not in order to move to 
        reconsider the vote by which the [concurrent] joint 
        resolution is agreed to or disagreed to.
          (3) Following the presentation of opening statements 
        on the [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget for 
        a fiscal year by the chairman and ranking minority 
        member of the Committee on the Budget of the House, 
        there shall be a period of up to four hours for debate 
        on economic goals and policies.
          (4) Only if a [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
        budget reported by the Committee on the Budget of the 
        House sets forth the economic goals (as described in 
        sections 3(a)(2) and (4)(b) of the Full Employment Act 
        of 1946) which the estimates, amounts, and levels (as 
        described in section 301(a)) set forth in such 
        resolution are designed to achieve, shall it be in 
        order to offer to such resolution an amendment relating 
        to such goals, and such amendment shall be in order 
        only if it also proposes to alter such estimates, 
        amounts, and levels in germane fashion in order to be 
        consistent with the goals proposed in such amendment.
          (5) Consideration of any [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget by the House of 
        Representatives shall be in the Committee of the Whole, 
        and the resolution shall be considered for amendment 
        under the five-minute rule in accordance with the 
        applicable provisions of rule XXIII of the Rules of the 
        House of Representatives. After the Committee rises and 
        reports the resolution back to the House, the previous 
        question shall be considered as ordered on the 
        resolution and any amendments thereto to final passage 
        without intervening motion; except that it shall be in 
        order at any time prior to final passage 
        (notwithstanding any other rule or provision of law) to 
        adopt an amendment (or a series of amendments) changing 
        any figure or figures in the resolution as so reported 
        to the extent necessary to achieve mathematical 
        consistency.
          (6) Debate in the House of Representatives on the 
        conference report on any [concurrent] joint resolution 
        on the budget shall be limited to not more than 5 
        hours, which shall be divided equally between the 
        majority and minority parties. A motion further to 
        limit debate is not debatable. A motion to recommit the 
        conference report is not in order, and it is not in 
        order to move to reconsider the vote by which the 
        conference report is agreed to or disagreed to.
          (7) Appeals from decisions of the Chair relating to 
        the application of the Rules of the House of 
        Representatives to the procedure relating to any 
        [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget shall be 
        decided without debate.
  (b) Procedure in Senate After Report of Committee; Debate; 
Amendments.--
          (1) Debate in the Senate on any [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget, and all amendments thereto 
        and debatable motions and appeals in connection 
        therewith, shall be limited to not more than 50 hours, 
        except that with respect to any [concurrent] joint 
        resolution referred to in section 304(a) all such 
        debate shall be limited to not more than 15 hours. The 
        time shall be equally divided between, and controlled 
        by, the majority leader and the minority leader or 
        their designees.
          (2) Debate in the Senate on any amendment to a 
        [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget shall be 
        limited to 2 hours, to be equally divided between, and 
        controlled by, the mover and the manager of the 
        [concurrent] joint resolution, and debate on any 
        amendment to an amendment, debatable motion, or appeal 
        shall be limited to 1 hour, to be equally divided 
        between, and controlled by, the mover and the manager 
        of the [concurrent] joint resolution, except that in 
        the event the manager of the [concurrent] joint 
        resolution is in favor of any such amendment, motion, 
        or appeal, the time in opposition thereto shall be 
        controlled by the minority leader or his designee. No 
        amendment that is not germane to the provisions of such 
        [concurrent] joint resolution shall be received. Such 
        leaders, or either of them, may, from the time under 
        their control on the passage of the [concurrent] joint 
        resolution, allot additional time to any Senator during 
        the consideration of any amendment, debatable motion, 
        or appeal.
          (3) Following the presentation of opening statements 
        on the [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget for 
        a fiscal year by the chairman and ranking minority 
        member of the Committee on the Budget of the Senate, 
        there shall be a period of up to four hours for debate 
        on economic goals and policies.
          (4) Subject to the other limitations of this Act, 
        only if a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget 
        reported by the Committee on the Budget of the Senate 
        sets forth the economic goals (as described in sections 
        3(a)(2) and 4(b) of the Employment Act of 1946) which 
        the estimates, amounts, and levels (as described in 
        section 301(a)) set forth in such resolution are 
        designed to achieve, shall it be in order to offer to 
        such resolution an amendment relating to such goals, 
        and such amendment shall be in order only if it also 
        proposes to alter such estimates, amounts, and levels 
        in germane fashion in order to be consistent with the 
        goals proposed in such amendment.
          (5) A motion to further limit debate is not 
        debatable. A motion to recommit (except a motion to 
        recommit with instructions to report back within a 
        specified number of days, not to exceed 3, not counting 
        any day on which the Senate is not in session) is not 
        in order. Debate on any such motion to recommit shall 
        be limited to 1 hour, to be equally divided between, 
        and controlled by, the mover and the manager of the 
        [concurrent] joint resolution.
          (6) Notwithstanding any other rule, an amendment or 
        series of amendments to a [concurrent] joint resolution 
        on the budget proposed in the Senate shall always be in 
        order if such amendment or series of amendments 
        proposes to change any figure or figures then contained 
        in such [concurrent] joint resolution so as to make 
        such [concurrent] joint resolution mathematically 
        consistent or so as to maintain such consistency.
  (c) Action on Conference Reports in the Senate.--
          (1) A motion to proceed to the consideration of the 
        conference report on any [concurrent] joint resolution 
        on the budget (or a reconciliation bill or resolution) 
        may be made even though a previous motion to the same 
        effect has been disagreed to.
          (2) During the consideration in the Senate of the 
        conference report (or a message between Houses) on any 
        [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget, and all 
        amendments in disagreement, and all amendments thereto, 
        and debatable motions and appeals in connection 
        therewith, debate shall be limited to 10 hours, to be 
        equally divided between, and controlled by, the 
        majority leader and minority leader or their designees. 
        Debate on any debatable motion or appeal related to the 
        conference report (or a message between Houses) shall 
        be limited to 1 hour, to be equally divided between, 
        and controlled by, the mover and the manager of the 
        conference report (or a message between Houses).

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (d) [Concurrent] Joint Resolution Must be Consistent in the 
Senate.--It shall not be in order in the Senate to vote on the 
question of agreeing to--
          (1) a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget 
        unless the figures then contained in such resolution 
        are mathematically consistent; or
          (2) a conference report on a [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget unless the figures contained 
        in such resolution, as recommended in such conference 
        report, are mathematically consistent.
  (e) Limitation on Contents.--(1) It shall not be in order in 
the House of Representatives or in the Senate to consider any 
joint resolution on the budget or any amendment thereto or 
conference report thereon that contains any matter referred to 
in paragraph (2).
  (2) Any joint resolution on the budget or any amendment 
thereto or conference report thereon that contains any matter 
not permitted in section 301(a) or (b) shall not be treated in 
the House of Representatives or the Senate as a budget 
resolution under subsection (a) or (b) or as a conference 
report on a budget resolution under subsection (c) of this 
section.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  REPORTS, SUMMARIES, AND PROJECTIONS OF CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACTIONS

  Sec. 308. (a) Legislation Providing New Budget Authority or 
Providing an Increase or Decrease in Revenues or Tax 
Expenditures.--
          (1) Whenever a committee of either House reports to 
        its House a bill or joint resolution, or committee 
        amendment thereto, providing new budget authority 
        (other than continuing appropriations) or providing an 
        increase or decrease in revenues or tax expenditures 
        for a fiscal year (or fiscal years), the report 
        accompanying that bill or joint resolution shall 
        contain a statement, or the committee shall make 
        available such a statement in the case of an approved 
        committee amendment which is not reported to its House, 
        prepared after consultation with the Director of the 
        Congressional Budget Office--
                  (A) comparing the levels in such measure to 
                the appropriate allocations in the reports 
                submitted under section 302(b) for the [most 
                recently agreed to concurrent resolution on the 
                budget] most recently enacted joint resolution 
                on the budget for such fiscal year (or fiscal 
                years);

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (b) Up-To-Date Tabulations of Congressional Budget Action.--
          (1) The Director of the Congressional Budget Office 
        shall issue to the committees of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate reports on at least a 
        monthly basis detailing and tabulating the progress of 
        congressional action on bills and joint resolutions 
        providing new budget authority or providing an increase 
        or decrease in revenues or tax expenditures for each 
        fiscal year covered by a [concurrent] joint resolution 
        on the budget. Such reports shall include but are not 
        limited to an up-to-date tabulation comparing the 
        appropriate aggregate and functional levels (including 
        outlays) included in the most recently adopted 
        [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget with the 
        levels provided in bills and joint resolutions reported 
        by committees or adopted by either House or by the 
        Congress, and with the levels provided by law for the 
        fiscal year preceding the first fiscal year covered by 
        the appropriate [concurrent] joint resolution.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                             RECONCILIATION

  Sec. 310. (a) Inclusion of Reconciliation Directives in 
[Concurrent] Joint Explanatory Statement Accompanying 
Conference Report on Joint Resolutions on the Budget.--[A] The 
joint explanatory statement accompanying the conference report 
on a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget for any fiscal 
year, to the extent necessary to effectuate the provisions and 
requirements of such resolution, shall--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (b) Legislative Procedure.--[If] If the joint explanatory 
statement accompanying the conference report on a [concurrent] 
joint resolution containing directives to one or more 
committees to determine and recommend changes in laws, bills, 
or resolutions is [agreed to] enacted in accordance with 
subsection (a), and--
          (1) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

For purposes of this subsection, a reconciliation resolution is 
a [concurrent] joint resolution directing the Clerk of the 
House of Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, as the 
case may be, to make specified changes in bills and resolutions 
which have not been enrolled.
  (c) Compliance With Reconciliation Directions.--(1) Any 
committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate that is 
directed, pursuant to the joint explanatory statement 
accompanying the conference report on a [concurrent] joint 
resolution on the budget, to determine and recommend changes of 
the type described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) 
with respect to laws within its jurisdiction, shall be deemed 
to have complied with such directions--
          (A) if--
                  (i) the amount of the changes of the type 
                described in paragraph (1) of such subsection 
                recommended by such committee do not exceed or 
                fall below the amount of the changes such 
                committee was directed by such [concurrent] 
                joint resolution to recommend under that 
                paragraph by more than--
                          (I) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

                  (ii) the amount of the changes of the type 
                described in paragraph (2) of such subsection 
                recommended by such committee do not exceed or 
                fall below the amount of the changes such 
                committee was directed by such [concurrent] 
                joint resolution to recommend under that 
                paragraph by more than--
                          (I) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (2)(A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (C) Allocations, functional levels, and aggregates 
        revised pursuant to this paragraph shall be considered 
        to be allocations, functional levels, and aggregates 
        contained in the [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
        budget pursuant to section 301.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (d) Limitation on Amendments to Reconciliation Bills and 
Resolutions.--
          (1) It shall not be in order in the House of 
        Representatives to consider any amendment to a 
        reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution if 
        such amendment would have the effect of increasing any 
        specific budget outlays above the level of such outlays 
        provided in the bill or resolution (for the fiscal 
        years covered by the reconciliation instructions set 
        forth in the [most recently agreed to concurrent 
        resolution on the budget] most recently enacted joint 
        resolution on the budget), or would have the effect of 
        reducing any specific Federal revenues below the level 
        of such revenues provided in the bill or resolution 
        (for such fiscal years), unless such amendment makes at 
        least an equivalent reduction in other specific budget 
        outlays, an equivalent increase in other specific 
        Federal revenues, or an equivalent combination thereof 
        (for such fiscal years), except that a motion to strike 
        a provision providing new budget authority or new 
        entitlement authority may be in order.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (5) The Committee on Rules of the House of 
        Representatives may make in order amendments to achieve 
        changes specified by reconciliation directives 
        contained in a [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
        budget if a committee or committees of the House fail 
        to submit recommended changes to its Committee on the 
        Budget pursuant to its instruction.
  (e) Procedure in the Senate.--
          (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        provisions of section 305 for the consideration in the 
        Senate of [concurrent] joint resolutions on the budget 
        and conference reports thereon shall also apply to the 
        consideration in the Senate of reconciliation bills 
        reported under subsection (b) and conference reports 
        thereon.

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

  (f) Completion of Reconciliation Process.--It shall not be in 
order in the House of Representatives to consider any 
resolution providing for an adjournment period of more than 
three calendar days during the month of July until the House of 
Representatives has completed action on the reconciliation 
legislation for the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of the 
calendar year to which the adjournment resolution pertains, if 
reconciliation legislation is required to be reported by the 
[concurrent] joint resolution on the budget for such fiscal 
year.
  (g) Limitation on Changes to the Social Security Act.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, it shall not be in 
order in the Senate or the House of Representatives to consider 
any reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution reported 
pursuant to a [concurrent] joint resolution on the budget 
[agreed to] enacted under section 301 or 304, or a joint 
resolution pursuant to section 258C of the Balanced Budget and 
Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, or any amendment thereto 
or conference report thereon, that contains recommendations 
with respect to the old-age, survivors, and disability 
insurance program established under title II of the Social 
Security Act.

      BUDGET-RELATED LEGISLATION MUST BE WITHIN APPROPRIATE LEVELS

  Sec. 311. (a) Enforcement of Budget Aggregates.--
          (1) In the house of representatives.--Except as 
        provided by subsection (c), after the Congress has 
        completed action on a [concurrent] joint resolution on 
        the budget for a fiscal year, it shall not be in order 
        in the House of Representatives to consider any bill, 
        joint resolution, amendment, motion, or conference 
        report providing new budget authority or reducing 
        revenues, if--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

        would cause the level of total new budget authority or 
        total outlays set forth in the applicable [concurrent] 
        joint resolution on the budget for the first fiscal 
        year to be exceeded, or would cause revenues to be less 
        than the level of total revenues set forth in that 
        [concurrent] joint resolution for the first fiscal year 
        or for the total of that first fiscal year and the 
        ensuing fiscal years for which allocations are provided 
        under section 302(a), except when a declaration of war 
        by the Congress is in effect.
          (2) In the senate.--After a [concurrent] joint 
        resolution on the budget is [agreed to] enacted, it 
        shall not be in order in the Senate to consider any 
        bill, joint resolution, amendment, motion, or 
        conference report that--
                  (A) * * *

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *

          (3) Enforcement of social security levels in the 
        senate.--After a [concurrent] joint resolution on the 
        budget is [agreed to] enacted, it shall not be in order 
        in the Senate to consider any bill, joint resolution, 
        amendment, motion, or conference report that would 
        cause a decrease in social security surpluses or an 
        increase in social security deficits relative to the 
        levels set forth in the applicable resolution for the 
        first fiscal year or for the total of that fiscal year 
        and the ensuing fiscal years for which allocations are 
        provided under section 302(a).

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                   DETERMINATIONS AND POINTS OF ORDER

  Sec. 312. (a) * * *

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  (c) Maximum Deficit Amount Point of Order in the Senate.--It 
shall not be in order in the Senate to consider any 
[concurrent] joint resolution on the budget for a fiscal year, 
or to consider any amendment to that [concurrent] joint 
resolution, or to consider a conference report on that 
[concurrent] joint resolution, if--
          (1) the level of total outlays for the first fiscal 
        year set forth in that [concurrent] joint resolution or 
        conference report exceeds; or

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                              ADJUSTMENTS

  Sec. 314. (a) Adjustments.--After the reporting of a bill or 
joint resolution or the offering of an amendment thereto or the 
submission of a conference report thereon, the chairman of the 
Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives or the 
Senate may make appropriate budgetary adjustments of new budget 
authority and the outlays flowing therefrom in the same amount 
as required by section 251(b) of the Balanced Budget and 
Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
  (b) Application of Adjustments.--The adjustments made 
pursuant to subsection (a) for legislation shall--
          (1) apply while that legislation is under 
        consideration;
          (2) take effect upon the enactment of that 
        legislation; and
          (3) be published in the Congressional Record as soon 
        as practicable.
  (c) Reporting Revised Suballocations.--Following any 
adjustment made under subsection (a), the Committees on 
Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
may report appropriately revised suballocations under section 
302(b) to carry out this section.
  (d) Emergencies in the House of Representatives.-- (1) In the 
House of Representatives, if a reported bill or joint 
resolution, or amendment thereto or conference report thereon, 
contains a provision providing new budget authority and outlays 
or reducing revenue, and a designation of such provision as an 
emergency requirement pursuant to 251(b)(2)(A) of the Balanced 
Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, the chair of 
the Committee on the Budget of the House of Representatives 
shall not count the budgetary effects of such provision for 
purposes of title III and title IV of the Congressional Budget 
Act of 1974 and the Rules of the House of Representatives.
  (2)(A) In the House of Representatives, if a reported bill or 
joint resolution, or amendment thereto or conference report 
thereon, contains a provision providing new budget authority 
and outlays or reducing revenue, and a designation of such 
provision as an emergency pursuant to paragraph (1), the chair 
of the Committee on the Budget shall not count the budgetary 
effects of such provision for purposes of this title and title 
IV and the Rules of the House of Representatives.
  (B) In the House of Representatives, a proposal to strike a 
designation under subparagraph (A) shall be excluded from an 
evaluation of budgetary effects for purposes of this title and 
title IV and the Rules of the House of Representatives.
  (C) An amendment offered under subparagraph (B) that also 
proposes to reduce each amount appropriated or otherwise made 
available by the pending measure that is not required to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available shall be in order at 
any point in the reading of the pending measure.
  (e) Senate Point of Order Against an Emergency Designation.--
          (1) In general.--When the Senate is considering a 
        bill, resolution, amendment, motion, amendment between 
        the Houses, or conference report, if a point of order 
        is made by a Senator against an emergency designation 
        in that measure, that provision making such a 
        designation shall be stricken from the measure and may 
        not be offered as an amendment from the floor.
          (2) Supermajority waiver and appeals.--
                  (A) Waiver.--Paragraph (1) may be waived or 
                suspended in the Senate only by an affirmative 
                vote of three-fifths of the Members, duly 
                chosen and sworn.
                  (B) Appeals.--Appeals in the Senate from the 
                decisions of the Chair relating to any 
                provision of this subsection shall be limited 
                to 1 hour, to be equally divided between, and 
                controlled by, the appellant and the manager of 
                the bill or joint resolution, as the case may 
                be. An affirmative vote of three-fifths of the 
                Members of the Senate, duly chosen and sworn, 
                shall be required to sustain an appeal of the 
                ruling of the Chair on a point of order raised 
                under this subsection.
          (3) Definition of an emergency designation.--For 
        purposes of paragraph (1), a provision shall be 
        considered an emergency designation if it designates 
        any item pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A)(i) of the 
        Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 
        1985.
          (4) Form of the point of order.--A point of order 
        under paragraph (1) may be raised by a Senator as 
        provided in section 313(e) of the Congressional Budget 
        Act of 1974.
          (5) Conference reports.--When the Senate is 
        considering a conference report on, or an amendment 
        between the Houses in relation to, a bill, upon a point 
        of order being made by any Senator pursuant to this 
        section, and such point of order being sustained, such 
        material contained in such conference report shall be 
        deemed stricken, and the Senate shall proceed to 
        consider the question of whether the Senate shall 
        recede from its amendment and concur with a further 
        amendment, or concur in the House amendment with a 
        further amendment, as the case may be, which further 
        amendment shall consist of only that portion of the 
        conference report or House amendment, as the case may 
        be, not so stricken. Any such motion in the Senate 
        shall be debatable. In any case in which such point of 
        order is sustained against a conference report (or 
        Senate amendment derived from such conference report by 
        operation of this subsection), no further amendment 
        shall be in order.
  (f) Enforcement of Discretionary Spending Caps.--It shall not 
be in order in the House of Representatives or the Senate to 
consider any bill, joint resolution, amendment, motion, or 
conference report that would cause the discretionary spending 
limits as set forth in section 251 of the Balanced Budget and 
Emergency Deficit Control Act to be exceeded.

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        AUTOMATIC CONGRESSIONAL ENFORCEMENT OF JOINT RESOLUTION

  Sec. 316. For purposes of congressional enforcement under 
titles III and IV of this Act and the rules of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate, the aggregates, allocations, 
and any other matters that pertain solely to the Congress set 
forth in the joint resolution shall be considered as 
enforceable upon enactment or 15 days following presentment to 
the President, whichever occurs earlier.

      TITLE IV--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS TO IMPROVE FISCAL PROCEDURES

Part A--General Provisions

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             OFF-BUDGET AGENCIES, PROGRAMS, AND ACTIVITIES

  Sec. 405. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
budget authority, credit authority, and estimates of outlays 
and receipts for activities of the Federal budget which are 
off-budget immediately prior to the date of enactment of this 
section, not including activities of the Federal Old-Age and 
Survivors Insurance and Federal Disability Insurance Trust 
Funds, shall be included in a budget submitted pursuant to 
section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, and in a 
[concurrent] joint resolution on the budget reported pursuant 
to section 301 or section 304 of this Act and shall be 
considered, for purposes of this Act, budget authority, 
outlays, and spending authority in accordance with definitions 
set forth in this Act.

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TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS; EFFECTIVE DATES

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


                     EXERCISE OF RULEMAKING POWERS

  Sec. 904. (a) * * *

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  (d) Appeals.--
          (1) Procedure.--Appeals in the Senate from the 
        decisions of the Chair relating to any provision of 
        title III or IV or section 1017 shall, except as 
        otherwise provided therein, be limited to 1 hour, to be 
        equally divided between, and controlled by, the mover 
        and the manager of the resolution, [concurrent] joint 
        resolution, reconciliation bill, or rescission bill, as 
        the case may be.

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                              ----------                              


BALANCED BUDGET AND EMERGENCY DEFICIT CONTROL ACT OF 1985

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


  PART C--EMERGENCY POWERS TO ELIMINATE DEFICITS IN EXCESS OF MAXIMUM 
DEFICIT AMOUNT

           *       *       *       *       *       *       *


SEC. 258C. SPECIAL RECONCILIATION PROCESS.

  (a) * * *
  (b) Procedures.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        in the Senate the provisions of sections 305 and 310 of 
        the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 for the 
        consideration of [concurrent] joint resolutions on the 
        budget and conference reports thereon shall also apply 
        to the consideration of resolutions, and reconciliation 
        bills and reconciliation resolutions reported under 
        this paragraph and conference reports thereon.

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