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112th Congress                                                   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session                                                     112-456

======================================================================



 
               ROBERT H. JACKSON UNITED STATES COURTHOUSE

                                _______
                                

   April 27, 2012.--Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be 
                                printed

                                _______
                                

  Mr. Mica, from the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                        [To accompany H.R. 3556]

      [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]

    The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 3556) to designate the new United 
States courthouse in Buffalo, New York, as the ``Robert H. 
Jackson United States Courthouse'', having considered the same, 
report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that 
the bill do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                                                                   Page
Purpose of Legislation...........................................     1
Background and Need for Legislation..............................     2
Summary of Legislation...........................................     2
Legislative History and Consideration............................     2
Hearings.........................................................     2
Committee Votes..................................................     3
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................     3
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................     3
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................     3
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................     4
Advisory of Earmarks.............................................     4
Federal Mandate Statement........................................     4
Preemption Clarification.........................................     4
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................     4
Applicability of Legislative Branch..............................     4
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............     4

                         PURPOSE OF LEGISLATION

    H.R. 3556 designates the new United States courthouse in 
Buffalo, New York, as the ``Robert H. Jackson United States 
Courthouse''.

                  BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION

    H.R. 3556 designates the new United States courthouse in 
Buffalo, New York, as the ``Robert H. Jackson United States 
Courthouse''.
    Justice Jackson was born on February 13, 1892 in 
Pennsylvania and was raised in Frewsburg, New York. He did not 
attend college but attended the Albany School of Law for one 
year and apprenticed in a law firm. At the age of 21, he was 
admitted to the New York Bar and joined a law practice in 
Jamestown, New York. He later moved to practice in Buffalo 
where he also served as city corporation counsel.
    In 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt designated him as 
general counsel at the Internal Revenue Service. Subsequently, 
he served as the U.S. Solicitor General and the U.S. Attorney 
General. And, in 1941, President Roosevelt nominated him as an 
associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court where he served 
until his death in 1954.
    In 1945, President Harry S. Truman appointed Justice 
Jackson as the chief prosecutor for the United States in the 
Nuremberg trials of Nazi war criminals. Before his death, 
Justice Jackson participated in the unanimous decision in the 
desegregation case of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

                         SUMMARY OF LEGISLATION

Section 1. Designation

    Section 1 designates the United States courthouse at 2 
Niagara Square, Buffalo, New York as the ``Robert H. Jackson 
United States Courthouse''.

Sec. 2. References

    Section 2 indicates that any reference in a law, map, 
regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United 
States to the United States courthouse referred to in section 1 
shall be deemed to be a reference to the ``Robert H. Jackson 
United States Courthouse''.

                 LEGISLATIVE HISTORY AND CONSIDERATION

    On December 2, 2011, Representative Brian Higgins 
introduced H.R. 3556, along with 29 co-sponsors, a bill to 
designate the United States courthouse at 2 Niagara Square, 
Buffalo, New York as the ``Robert H. Jackson United States 
Courthouse''.
    On March 1, 2012, the Subcommittee on Economic Development, 
Public Buildings, and Emergency Management met in open session 
and ordered the bill reported to the full Committee by voice 
vote with a quorum present.
    On March 8, 2012, the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure met in open session and ordered the bill 
reported favorably to the House by voice vote with a quorum 
present.

                                HEARINGS

    No hearings were held on H.R. 3556.

                            COMMITTEE VOTES

    Clause 3(b) of rule XIII of the House of Representatives 
requires each committee report to include the total number of 
votes cast for and against on each record vote on a motion to 
report and on any amendment offered to the measure or matter, 
and the names of those members voting for and against. There 
were no record votes taken in connection with consideration of 
H.R. 3556, or ordering the bill reported. A motion to order 
H.R. 3556 reported favorably to the House was agreed to by 
voice vote with a quorum present.

                      COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS

    With respect to the requirements of clause 3(c)(1) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee's oversight findings and recommendations are 
reflected in this report.

               NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY AND TAX EXPENDITURES

    Clause 3(c)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of 
Representatives does not apply where a cost estimate and 
comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office under section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 
1974 has been timely submitted prior to the filing of the 
report and is included in the report. Such a cost estimate is 
included in this report.

               CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE COST ESTIMATE

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(3) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives and section 
402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, the Committee has 
received the enclosed cost estimate for H.R. 3556 from the 
Director of the Congressional Budget Office:

                                     U.S. Congress,
                               Congressional Budget Office,
                                   Washington, DC, March 16, 2012 .
Hon. John L. Mica,
Chairman, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure,
House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
    Dear Mr. Chairman:  The Congressional Budget Office has 
reviewed H.R. 3556, a bill to designate the new United States 
Courthouse located at 2 Niagara Square in Buffalo, New York, as 
the ``Robert H. Jackson United States Courthouse,'' as ordered 
reported by the House Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure on March 8, 2012.
    CBO estimates that enacting this legislation would have no 
significant impact on the federal budget and would not affect 
direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go 
procedures do not apply. The bill contains no intergovernmental 
or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates 
Reform Act and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal 
governments. If you wish further details on this estimate, we 
will be pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is 
Matthew Pickford.
            Sincerely,
                                              Douglas W. Elmendorf.

                    PERFORMANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

    With respect to the requirement of clause 3(c)(4) of rule 
XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the 
performance goal and objective of this legislation is to 
designate the United States courthouse at 2 Niagara Square, 
Buffalo, New York as the ``Robert H. Jackson United States 
Courthouse''.

                          ADVISORY OF EARMARKS

    Pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House 
of Representatives, the Committee is required to include a list 
of congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited 
tariff benefits as defined in clause 9(e), 9(f), and 9(g) of 
rule XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives. No 
provision in the bill includes an earmark, limited tax benefit, 
or limited tariff benefit under clause 9(e), 9(f), or 9(g) of 
rule XXI.

                       FEDERAL MANDATE STATEMENT

    The Committee adopts as its own the estimate of Federal 
mandates prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget 
Office pursuant to section 423 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform 
Act (P.L. 104-4).

                        PREEMPTION CLARIFICATION

    Section 423 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 
requires the report of any Committee on a bill or joint 
resolution to include a statement on the extent to which the 
bill or joint resolution is intended to preempt state, local, 
or tribal law. The Committee states that H.R. 3556 does not 
preempt any state, local, or tribal law.

                      ADVISORY COMMITTEE STATEMENT

    No advisory committees within the meaning of section 5(b) 
of the Federal Advisory Committee Act are created by this 
legislation.

                  APPLICABILITY OF LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

    The Committee finds that the legislation does not relate to 
the terms and conditions of employment or access to public 
services or accommodations within the meaning of section 
102(b)(3) of the Congressional Accountability Act (P.L. 104-1).

         CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW MADE BY THE BILL, AS REPORTED

    H.R. 3556 makes no changes in existing law.